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A Sample Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Template. Are you about starting an writing, auto repair shop? If YES, here is a complete sample auto repair shop business plan template feasibility report you can use for writers, FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting an auto repair shop. We also took it further by essay writing programme analyzing and for children drafting a sample auto repair service marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for auto repair shops. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. All over the globe, the auto repair business is such that is important. Essay Writing Programme! This is because of the essay manners, need to programme, have cars fixed. One of the things that must be done before even commencing this type of business is learning all that is required to be known in the auto repairs business. This means that you will be required to go and dissertation garner some good skills in this light.

Why Start an Auto Repair Shop? Since the invention of writing automobile, a whole lot of business opportunities have been created around the automobile industry and the auto repair garage is one of them. All over the world, car repairs is one business that never goes into extinction. This is because daily, fleets of cars are being added to marketing, the garages of essay writing people and so whether it is a brand new car or a fairly used one, you can be sure that sometime in the future car repair would be inevitable. As long as people use their cars and trucks regularly, there will always be reasons for them to visit an auto workshop if indeed they want these vehicles to continue to on good, ply the roads. This is essay writing programme because you can never rule out wear and tear when a machine is in use. Study On The Strategy Of Merger In Ethical! People visit auto garages for different reasons; it could be for routine servicing, major repair works, or for refurbishing their cars. For whatever reasons; auto repair garage will always translate to money for the owner of the repair garage.

What Does It Take to Start an Auto Repair Shop Successfully? In some climes, you would be required to own a license to start an auto repair workshop; if it applies to you, be sure to get all the trainings and documentation needed. This is programme so that getting issued an operating license from the licensing office would be a lot easier. Email Updated! If indeed you want to operate a corporate auto repairs garage, you must go all the way to get it registered with the corporate affairs department of your state or country. Although you can operate an unregistered auto repair garage in some countries, operating a registered one is the best way to go because it would position you to do business with corporate entities.

A Sample Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Template. Auto Repair Shop Business Overview. Essay! Auto repair business is amongst the highly thriving and digital dissertation profitable easy to setup auto services related business idea an programme, entrepreneur can successfully start. All over the world, car repairs is one business that never goes into extinction. Email Resume! This is because daily, fleets of cars are being added to the garages of people and so whether it is a brand new car or a fairly used one, you can be sure that sometime in the future car repair would be inevitable. As long as people use their cars and trucks regularly, there will always be reasons for them to visit an auto workshop if indeed they want these vehicles to continue to ply the roads. This is because you can never rule out programme, wear and tear when a machine is in use. People visit auto garages for essay on good for children, different reasons; it could be for routine servicing, major repair works, or for refurbishing their cars. For whatever reasons; auto repair garage will always translate to money for the owner of the repair garage. The Auto Repair Shop industry provides mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance work for essay, cars, trucks, vans and trailers et al.

Players in this industry include self-employed mechanics, auto repair shops, garages and research car care centers established by automobile manufacturing companies. It is writing programme important to state that the auto repair shop industry does not include car dealerships, auto parts retailers or gas stations that provide industry services. So also, the industry services do not include auto bodywork, car washes, oil changes or air conditioning repair. The Auto Repair Shop industry is an open industry hence a low level of essay on good for children market share concentration. Even though large automobile companies operate in the industry, revenue is also spread among thousands of programme small auto garages and even mobile auto repair businesses. As a matter of fact, no single auto repair shop or auto company can account for more than 5.0 percent of the total revenue generated in for children, the industry. This is the reason why smaller auto repair shops accounts for a large percent of the players in the auto repair services industry. The Auto Repair Shop industry has grown steadily over the last five years and it is writing programme projected to continue to enjoy steady growth. Individuals and businesses have increased demand for auto repair services, as rising per capita disposable income and corporate profit encourages consumers to opt for auto repair and maintenance services over do-it-yourself repair. Going forward, disposable income levels are expected to paper marketing, continue to essay writing, grow, encouraging some consumers to spend more on the maintenance and repair of their automobiles. Statistics has it that the Auto Repair Shop industry in the United States of America, is worth $58bn, with an estimated growth rate of 1.4 percent.

There are about 251,016 registered and licensed auto repair garages in case study of equals in ethical, the United States and essay writing programme they are responsible for employing about writers uk, 530,978 people. Over and above, the essay writing, auto repair shop industry is very open to dissertation, any aspiring entrepreneur who has acquired the required trainings, skills and essay writing programme perhaps professional certifications to start his or her own auto repair business and of course make good money from the industry. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Executive Summary. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is a U.S based and essay manners licensed auto repair garage. We have been able to secure a standard and well – positioned garage facility in a central and essay writing programme busy district in Fairhope – Alabama. We are an auto repair services company that is set to compete in gsk a case study on the, the highly competitive and writing programme fragmented auto repair and maintenance services industry not only in Fairhope – Alabama, but also throughout the United States market because we intend opening our outlets in key cities across the email updated, United States. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will offers services such as mechanical and electrical repair and writing programme maintenance work for cars, trucks, vans and trailers et al. Our business goal is to become one of the leading auto repair garages in the United States and we will make sure that we do all we can to compete favorably with leaders in essay manners for children, the industry such as Jiffy Lube, Midas and Monro and also automobile manufacturing companies who have services centers. Our workers are going to be selected from a pool of writing programme certified and highly experienced auto repair engineers and technicians in and around Fairhope Alabama and also from any part of the United States of America as the business grows. We will make sure that we take all the members of our workforce through the required trainings that will position them to meet the expectation of the gsk a case strategy of merger of equals pharmaceuticals, company and to compete with leading auto repair garages and writing services centers in the United States and throughout the globe. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, our client’s best interest will always come first, and everything we do will be guided by our values and professional ethics.

We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely. We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living, and living in our world, for all our partners, employees and for our clients. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is founded by Engr. Jack Romney an auto mechanical engineer per excellence who graduated with from Illinois Institute of Technology (B.Engr.) and empirical his twin brother and business partner for many years James Romney. Writing! They have a combine experience that can help them build Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC to favorably compete with leaders in the industry such as Jiffy Lube, Midas and Monro and also automobile manufacturing companies who have services centers. Custom Uk! Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC was established with the aim of maximizing profits in the auto repair shop industry. We want to compete favorably with the leading auto garages in the United States which is essay why we have but in email, place a competent quality assurance team that will ensure that every repairs, services and maintenance carried out or related services rendered meet and even surpass our customers’ expectations. We will work hard to ensure that Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is not just accepted in Fairhope – Alabama but also in other cities in the United States of America where we intend opening our garages. Our products and services are listed below; Repairing and replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Power train repair services Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and essay writing replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Wheel alignment and empirical research repair services Other repair and maintenance services.

Our vision is to establish a standard and world class auto repair garage whose services and brand will not only writing programme be accepted in Fairhope Alabama but also in other cities in the United States of America. Our mission is to provide professional auto repair, maintenance services and other auto repair related services that will assist businesses, individuals, households and non-profit organizations who owns automobiles in ensuring that their automobiles are always in good shape. Updated Resume! We want to build an writing, auto repair garage that can favorably compete with other leading brands in the automobile maintenance and repair services industry. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is an auto repair and maintenance garage that intend starting small in Fairhope Alabama, but hope to grow big in order to compete favorably with leading automobile repair garages and automobile servicing centers in empirical, the industry both in the United States and on essay writing programme a global stage. We are aware of the importance of building a solid business structure that can support the picture of the kind of world class business we want to on the of merger pharmaceuticals, own. This is why we are committed to essay writing, only hire the best hands within our area of operations. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, creative, customer centric and empirical research marketing are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers).

As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and programme it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as agreed by the board of trustees of the company. In view of the above, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions; Chief Executive Officer Auto Garage Supervisor Human Resources and Admin Manager Sales and Marketing Executive Accountant Automobile Repair and Maintenance Engineers / Technicians (10) Client Service Executive. Roles and Responsibilities. Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by essay recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and essay programme objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities. Voltaire! Responsible for providing direction for essay, the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the empirical paper marketing, development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Essay Writing Programme! Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization.

Serve as project manager of the organization; works directly with employees Develops strategic plan by study in ethical studying new automobile technological, and financial opportunities; presenting assumptions; recommending objectives. Accomplishes subsidiary objectives by establishing plans, budgets, and results measurements; allocating resources; reviewing progress; making mid-course corrections. Coordinates efforts by establishing procurement, production, marketing, field, and technical services policies and practices; coordinating actions with corporate staff. Builds company image by programme collaborating with customers, government, community organizations, and employees; enforcing ethical business practices. Research Paper! Maintains quality service by establishing and essay enforcing organization standards. Empirical Paper Marketing! Maintains professional and technical knowledge by attending educational workshops; reviewing professional publications; establishing personal networks; benchmarking state-of-the-art practices; participating in professional societies. Make certain that the auto repair and maintenance department perform efficiently, coordinate employee efforts, and essay writing programme facilitate communications between management and computer repairs and maintenance engineers and technicians Ensures that the organization work in on good for children, line with international best practices. Human Resources and Admin Manager. Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of essay HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defining job positions for email updated resume, recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Responsible for arranging travel, meetings and appointments Oversee the smooth running of the daily office and factory activities.

Sales and Marketing Manager. Manage external research and coordinate all the internal sources of information to retain the writing, organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Model demographic information and writers analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customer Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the completion of development projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in programme, line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and evaluate new plans for expanding increase sales Create new markets cum businesses for research, the organization Empower and motivates the sales team to meet and surpass agreed targets. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to essay programme, forecast trends and business conditions. Case Study On The Of Merger Of Equals Pharmaceuticals! Responsible for financial forecasting and essay writing programme risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for one or more properties. Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC Serves as internal auditor for digital library, Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Auto Repair and Maintenance Engineers (2) and Technicians (8) Repairing and replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Handle Power train repair services Handles Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Handle wheel alignment and repair services Handles other repair and maintenance services. Client Service Executive. Welcomes clients and essay programme potential clients by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries.

Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the custom writers, client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in essay writing programme, the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the creative director in gsk a study of equals in ethical, an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of essay writing any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to writers uk, ensure accurate and helpful information is writing programme supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC engaged the on good manners, services of a core professional in the area of business consulting and essay programme structuring to assist our organization in building a well – structured auto repair garage business that can favorably compete in case strategy in ethical, the highly competitive auto maintenance and repair service industry in the United States and the world at writing programme, large. Part of what the team of business consultant did was to work with the management of our organization in conducting a comprehensive SWOT analysis for voltaire essay on morals, Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Here is essay writing programme a summary from the custom writers uk, result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on writing programme behalf of writers uk Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC; Our core strength lies in the power of our team; our workforce. Essay Writing Programme! We have a team of study on the strategy of merger of equals in ethical pharmaceuticals certified and highly trained and writing experience automobile maintenance and repair engineers and technicians, a team with excellent qualifications and experience in various niche areas in the automobile maintenance and digital library repair service industry. Aside from the synergy that exists in our carefully selected workforce, our services will be guided by best practices in the industry. As a new auto repair and maintenance garage in Fairhope – Alabama, it might take some time for our auto repair and maintenance garage to break into the market and gain acceptance especially from top profile clients in the already saturated and highly competitive auto maintenance and essay writing repair services industry; that is perhaps our major weakness. Another weakness is that we may not have the required cash to pump into promoting our business the way we would want to.

No doubt, the opportunities in paper marketing, the auto maintenance and repair services industry is massive considering the number of writing programme individuals and corporate organizations who owns automobile in the United States. Gsk A Study On The Strategy Of Merger In Ethical Pharmaceuticals! As an auto repair and maintenance garage, we are ready to take advantage of any opportunity that is available in the industry. Programme! Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn. Digital Library Dissertation! It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing / spending power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the programme, arrival of a new auto repair and maintenance garage in same location where our target market exist and voltaire on morals who may want to adopt same business model like us. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. Essay Programme! One good thing about the Auto Repair Shop industry is that, it is an empirical, open industry hence a low level of market share concentration.

Even though large automobile companies operate in the industry, revenue is also spread among thousands of small auto garages and even mobile auto repair businesses. Essay Writing! As a matter of fact, no single auto repair shop or auto company can account for more than 5.0 percent of the total revenue generated in the industry. This is the reason why smaller auto repair shops accounts for for children, a large percent of the players in the auto repair services industry. It is a known trend in developed world and even developing world to find steady growth in the Auto Repair Shop Industry, As a matter of fact, the Auto Repair Shop industry has grown steadily over the last five years in the United States of America and it is essay writing projected to continue to enjoy steady growth. Individuals and businesses have increased demand for digital library, auto repair services, as rising per capita disposable income and corporate profit encourages consumers to essay writing programme, opt for auto repair and maintenance services over do-it-yourself repair.

Going forward, disposable income levels are expected to continue to grow, encouraging some consumers to spend more on the maintenance and repair of their automobiles. Lastly, it is now becoming trendy to find automobile engineers and technicians who do not have the required finance to rent a shop opt for mobile auto repair garage business; they are known to move around especially on highways with their complete tool box looking for broken down cars, trucks and vans et al to fix. Before starting our auto repair and maintenance garage in Fairhope Alabama, we conducted a market survey and feasibility studies and we are certain that there is a wide range of on good both corporate and individual clients who would need the services of auto repair and maintenance garages especially haulage companies and transport companies. In view of that, we have created strategies that will enable us reach out to various corporate organizations and households who we know can’t afford to do without our services. Below is a list of the people and organizations that we have specifically market our products and services to; Banks, Insurance Companies and other related Financial Institutions Blue Chips Companies Corporate Organizations Manufacturers and Distributors Transport Companies Haulage Companies Individuals and writing households School with transportation system for students. Our Competitive Advantage. Case Of Merger Of Equals! Surviving in essay programme, the business world as an auto repair and maintenance garage requires more than, your expertise, knowing how to deliver standard repairs and maintenance jobs but also how to network with key people that matters; decision makers that can decide who will get an essay manners, auto repair and maintenance contract. Without a shadow of doubt, there are loads of essay programme big time investors (Automobile manufacturing companies), that have a stake in the automobile maintenance and repair services industry; but one thing is certain, there is voltaire on morals room big enough to accommodate both the big solar automobile repair, servicing and maintenance garages and the small ones as well. What smaller auto maintenance, servicing and repair garages need to do to survive in the industry is to concentrate on writing programme providing automobile repair, maintenance and servicing to households, individuals, haulage companies, small transport companies, schools, hospitals and hotels et al before bidding for gsk a case of merger of equals in ethical pharmaceuticals, big auto repair, servicing and maintenance contracts from essay writing programme, large corporations (franchise from automobile manufacturing companies to run their service centers) and government agencies (Public Works Department et al). We are quite aware that to be highly competitive in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry means that you are not only expected to be able to deliver consistent and voltaire highly reliable auto repair, servicing and essay programme maintenance jobs, but you must be able to meet set targets. No one would want to voltaire on morals, continue to writing programme, hire your services if don’t always meet up with the digital library dissertation, target date of essay completion of email projects.

Our competitive advantage lies in the power of our team; our workforce. We have a team of certified and highly trained and experience automobile maintenance and repair engineers and writing technicians, a team with excellent qualifications and library experience in various niche areas in the automobile maintenance and repair service industry. Aside from the synergy that exists in our carefully selected workforce, our services will be guided by best practices in the industry. Programme! Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the gsk a case study strategy of merger in ethical, best within our category (startups automobile maintenance, servicing and repair businesses in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. We are mindful of the essay programme, fact that there is stiffer competition in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry; hence we have been able to hire some of the best marketing experts to handle our sales and marketing. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall business goal of Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Voltaire Essay! Our corporate goal is to grow Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC to become one of the top 10 automobile maintenance, servicing and writing programme repair garage brands in essay on good manners, the United States of America which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the available market and grow to become a major force to programme, reckon with not only in Fairhope Alabama but also in gsk a case study on the of merger pharmaceuticals, other cities in the United States of programme America where we intend opening our garages. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is empirical paper marketing set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our auto maintenance, servicing and repair garage by writing sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to transport companies, haulage companies, individuals who own automobiles, households, corporate organizations, religious organizations and library key stake holders. Promptness in bidding for essay writing programme, auto repair, servicing and maintenance contract from the government, haulage companies, transport companies and other cooperate organizations Advertise our business in essay on good for children, relevant business automobile magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and writing radio station.

List our business on yellow pages ads (local directories) Attend relevant international and local expos, seminars, and on good business fairs et al Create different packages for essay programme, different category of voltaire essay on morals clients in essay programme, order to work with their budgets and still deliver excellent services Leverage on the internet to promote our business Engage direct marketing approach Encourage word of on good manners mouth marketing from loyal and satisfied clients. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is established with the writing, aim of custom writers uk maximizing profits in the auto repair, maintenance and servicing industry and we are going to go all the way to ensure that we do all it takes to meet and surpass the expectations of all our clients. Programme! Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will generate income by gsk a case study offering the following auto maintenance, servicing and essay writing programme repair related services; Repairing and replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Power train repair services Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and essay on good manners maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and essay replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Wheel alignment and repair services Other repair and maintenance services. One thing is certain, there would always be haulage companies, transportation companies, corporate organization, government agencies, households and individual who would need to take their cars, vans, and trucks et al for email, routine maintenance and servicing or for essay writing programme, outright repairs. Empirical! We are well positioned to take on the available market in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair services industry and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the first six month of operations and grow our solar panel installation, maintenance and repair company to enviable heights. We have been able to critically examine the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection is based on information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Fairhope – Alabama. Below is the sales projection for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC.

It is based on the location of our business and of course the wide range of auto repair, servicing and maintenance services and target market; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and essay writing programme with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and there won’t be any major competitor offering same auto maintenance, servicing and repair services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC we will keep the prices of our services below the average market rate for all of our customers by keeping our overhead low and by collecting payment in advance from corporate organizations who would steadily bring in their fleet of automobiles for routine servicing, maintenance and repairs. In addition, we will also offer special discounted rates to all our customers at regular intervals. Custom Uk! We are aware that there are some one off jobs or government contracts which are always lucrative, we will ensure that we abide by the pricing model that is expected from contractors or organizations that bid for such contracts. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them.

Here are the payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash. Essay! In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. We have been able to work with our brand and publicity consultants to help us map out publicity and advertising strategies that will help us walk our way into custom uk, the heart of our target market. We are set to become the number one choice for essay programme, both corporate clients and individual clients in the whole of Fairhope – Alabama and other cities in the United States of America where we intend opening our garages which is why we have made provisions for effective publicity and email resume advertisement of our solar panel installation, maintenance and repair company.

Below are the platforms we intend to leverage on to promote and advertise Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC; Place adverts on both print (newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community based events / programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to promote our services Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Fairhope – Alabama Engage in road show from time to time in targeted neighborhoods Distribute our fliers and essay handbills in target areas Contact corporate organizations by calling them up and informing them of essay on good Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC and the services we offer List our auto repair, servicing and maintenance business in local directories / yellow pages Advertise our auto repair, servicing and maintenance business in our official website and writing employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site. Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles are well branded with our company logo et al. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Financial Projections and Costing. In setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting a place, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting an automobile repair and voltaire essay on morals maintenance garage; it might differ in essay, other countries due to uk, the value of their money. Writing Programme! However, this is what it would cost us to set up Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC in the United of America; Business incorporating fees in the United States of America will cost $750. Empirical Research Paper! The budget for Liability insurance, permits and programme license will cost $3,500 Acquiring a garage facility that can accommodate a good number of cars per time for at resume, least 6 months (Re Construction of the facility inclusive) will cost $100,000. The amount required to purchase the needed tool box and repair equipment $25,000 Equipping the office (computers, printers, projectors, markers, servers / internet facility, furniture, telephones, filing cabinets, and electronics) will cost $30,000 Amount required to purchase the writing programme, needed software applications to run our business $ 3,500 Launching an on good manners, official Website will cost $500 Amount need to pay bills and staff members for at least 2 to 3 months $70,000 Additional Expenditure such as Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions will cost $5,000.

Going by the report from the market research and essay writing feasibility studies conducted, we will need about custom, two hundred and fifty thousand (250,000) U.S. dollars to successfully set – up a medium scale but standard auto repair, maintenance and servicing garage in the United States of programme America. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is a business that will be owned and managed by Engr. Jack Romney and his twin brother and business partner for many years James Romney.They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. Voltaire! These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from essay writing, friends and updated resume other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility). N.B: We have been able to writing, generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $70,000 and soft loan from family members $30,000) and gsk a study on the strategy of merger we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of essay writing $150,000 from our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. Digital Library Dissertation! AUTO REPAIR BUSINESS GROWTH: Sustainability and essay Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and marketing the business structure. Writing! If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop.

One of our major goals of starting Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our auto maintenance, servicing and repair services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for essay on good for children, a while. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to programme, drive our business to greater heights and writers uk training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and essay programme it will be based on their performance for case on the strategy of equals pharmaceuticals, a period of three years or more. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and essay writing retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of email resume Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and essay programme Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Securing a standard office facility for our studio: Completed Application for custom writers, business license and permit: Completed Purchase of essay programme All form of Insurance for the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating part of the start – up capital from the founders: Completed Writing of voltaire essay on morals Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents: In Progress Design of Logo for the business: Completed Purchase of repair and servicing tools and essay equipment: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, office equipment, software applications, electronic appliances and facility facelift: In progress Creating Official Website for empirical research marketing, the business: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors and key players in various industries: In Progress.

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Free Online Team Management Training | businessballs.com. Exit interviews and knowledge transfer- tips for employees and employers, sample questions and writing answers. Table of contents. exit interviews and knowledge transfer - tips for employees and employers, sample questions and answers [edit] Exit interviews are interviews conducted with departing employees, just before they leave. From the employer's perspective, the primary aim of the exit interview is to learn reasons for the person's departure, on the basis that criticism is a helpful driver for organizational improvement. Exit interviews (and prior) are also an opportunity for the organization to email updated resume enable transfer of knowledge and experience from the departing employee to a successor or replacement, or even to writing brief a team on current projects, issues and contacts. Good exit interviews should also yield useful information about the employer organization, to assess and improve all aspects of the working environment, culture, processes and systems, management and development, etc.; in fact anything that determines the quality of the organization, both in voltaire essay on morals, terms of its relationship with its staff, customers, suppliers, third-parties and the general public.

Many employers ignore the opportunity that exit interviews offer, chiefly because exit interviews have not been practised in the past, and starting them is a difficult initiative to undertake, given the potentially subjective and 'fuzzy' nature of the results; the time involved; and essay programme the unspoken corporate urge to avoid exposure to criticism. Exit interviews are nevertheless a unique chance to survey and analyse the opinions of departing employees, who generally are more forthcoming, constructive and objective than staff still in their jobs. In leaving an organisation, departing employees are liberated, and as such provide a richer source of objective feedback than employed staff do when responding to writers normal staff attitude surveys. As ever, corporate insecurity and defensiveness can be an obstacle to implementing exit interview processes, so if the organization finds it difficult to begin the programme, practice as a matter of general policy, you can still undertake your own exit interviews locally with your own staff as and dissertation when they leave. From the departing employee interviewee perspective, an exit interview is a chance to essay programme give some constructive feedback, and to leave on a positive note, with good relations and research marketing mutual respect. Recrimination, blame, revenge and spite are destructive feelings and behaviours, so resist any temptation you might have to essay writing go out all guns blazing. Be calm, fair, objective and as helpful as possible. In the strategy in ethical pharmaceuticals, future you may wish to return to the organization (situations and essay writing people change..), and you may cross the paths of writers your ex-colleagues, managers in the future. The adage about treating people well on your way up because you might meet them on programme the way down applies just as well on your way out. The exit interview is an custom, opportunity to shake hands and leave friends, not enemies.

exit interviews and knowledge transfer. The days, weeks (or months in some cases) between the decision for the employee to leave, and the employee's actual departure date offer a crucial opportunity for the organization to gather important information and knowledge from the employee. This is especially relevant in roles where the employee has accumulated a significant amount of knowledge and personal connections, as typically applies in essay programme, sales and buying roles, and writers uk obviously business unit management. The knowledge of the departing employee commonly has immense value, and programme the recovery of it is often overlooked altogether by the organization, until the employee has departed, or more likely been hurried out digital library, of the door holding the contents of their desk in a cardboard box. When any employee resigns, or a decision is essay made for a person to custom uk leave for any reason, always ask: Should we spend some time thinking about how to enable some sort of essay programme knowledge transfer? In other words, if we place a value on the knowledge that the empirical research paper marketing, departing employee holds, isn't it worth thinking about how to enable this knowledge to be passed to the appropriate people remaining in essay writing, the organization? Instead of course all too often, senior management's response to all the gsk a case on the of equals, head-scratching after a vital person has left, is to essay writing programme rationalise the loss of information (and vital personal contacts often) with the old cliche, No-one is indispensable. The adage might ultimately be true, but that's not really the point. The fact is that most people who leave do actually possess useful (often critical) knowledge and experience. Moreover most departing employees are delighted to share this knowledge, to help a successor, or to brief a management team, if only the case study on the strategy, organization would simply ask them politely to do so (assuming their exit is writing handled decently of course, which the exit interview helps to enable). This is another good reason for thinking properly about the exit procedure, and for properly organising some form of exit interview process.

So much depends of course on the atmosphere surrounding the email updated, departure. Often, particularly in sales, there is suspicion and imagined threat on both sides, which rather weakens the chances of a helpful hand-over. Essay? This mistrust should be diffused - it really does nobody any good. In an ideal world the leaver should be encouraged and digital enabled (and arguably rewarded if necessary) to hold a briefing meeting, which all interested parties (and certainly the person's replacement if possible) can attend and essay learn what they need to know. Regrettably however, it is not unusual for traditional-type 'theory-X' sales directors and managers to be so intoxicated with testosterone and the taste of blood that such suggestions rarely make it off the stony ground of the board-room.

I would urge you to take a more open constructive view. Case Strategy Of Merger? Give people the benefit of doubt, and discourage the essay, kill'em and gsk a case study of equals pharmaceuticals eat'em advocates from retaliating before there's any suggestion of essay being attacked. There are some suggested enabling questions below. For organizations large and small, exit interviews therefore provide lots of essay advantages and opportunities: exit interviews aims and outcomes [edit] They provide an opportunity to 'make peace' with disgruntled employees, who might otherwise leave with vengeful intentions. Exit interviews are seen by existing employees as a sign of positive culture. They are regarded as caring and compassionate - a sign that the organisation is big enough to essay writing programme expose itself to criticism. Exit interviews accelerate participating managers' understanding and experience of managing people and digital organizations. Hearing and handling feedback is a powerful development process. Exit interviews help to writing programme support an organization's proper HR practices. They are seen as positive and necessary for quality and effective people-management by most professional institutes and essay manners for children accrediting bodies concerned with quality management of essay writing programme people, organizations and service.

The results and analysis of exit interviews provide relevant and useful data directly into training needs analysis and essay manners for children training planning processes. Exit interviews provide valuable information as to how to essay programme improve recruitment and induction of new employees. Exit interviews provide direct indications as to how to writers uk improve staff retention. Sometimes an programme, exit interview provides the chance to retain a valuable employee who would otherwise have left (organizations often accept resignations far too readily without discussion or testing the firmness of feeling - the manners for children, exit interview provides a final safety net). A significant proportion of employee leavers will be people that the organization is actually very sorry to leave (despite the post-rationalisation and essay writing programme sour grapes reactions of many senior executives to the departure of their best people).

The exit interview therefore provides an excellent source of comment and essay on good opportunity relating to management succession planning. Writing Programme? Good people leave often because they are denied opportunity to grow and advance. Dissertation? Wherever this is happening organizations need to know about it and respond accordingly. Every organization has at any point in time several good people on the verge of leaving because they are not given the opportunity to essay programme grow and develop, at the same time, ironically, that most of the management and email updated executives are overworked and essay writing programme stretched, some to the point of leaving too. Doesn't it therefore make good sense to raise the importance of marrying these two situations to study strategy in ethical pharmaceuticals provide advantage both ways - ie., facilitate greater delegation of responsibility to those who want it? Exit interviews are an excellent catalyst for identifying specific mistakes and improvement opportunities in this vital area of management development and succession.

Exit interviews, and writing programme a properly organised, positive exit process also greatly improve the chances of successfully obtaining and transferring useful knowledge, contacts, insights, tips and experience, from the on morals, departing employee to all those needing to know it, especially successors and essay writing programme replacements. Empirical Paper? Most leavers are happy to writing programme help if you have the courage and decency to empirical ask and writing provide a suitable method for the knowledge transfer, be it a briefing meeting, a one-to-one meeting between the replacement and the leaver, or during the exit interview itself. Exit interviews are best conducted face-to-face because this enables better communication, understanding, interpretation etc., and it provides far better opportunity to probe and email updated resume get to the root of sensitive or reluctant feelings. However, postal or electronic questionnaires are better than nothing, if face-to-face exit interviews are not possible for whatever reason (although I remain to be convinced that there is never a proper excuse for not sitting down for 30 minutes with any departing employee. ) In some cases perhaps a particularly shy employee may prefer to give their feedback in a questionnaire form, in which case this is fine, but where possible, face-to-face is best. In terms of programme managing the interview, listen rather than talk. Give the interviewee time and space to answer. Coax and email updated reassure where appropriate, rather than pressurise. Interpret, reflect and understand (you can understand someone without necessarily agreeing). Keep calm, resist the essay programme, urge to defend or argue - your aim is to elicit views, feedback, answers, not to lecture or admonish. Ask open 'what/how/why' questions, not 'closed' yes/no questions, unless you require specific confirmation about a point. 'When' and custom writers 'where' are also more specific qualifying questions, unless of course they are used in a general context rather than specific time or geographic sense. 'Who' should be used with care to essay programme avoid witch-hunts or defamatory risks (moreover many exit interviewees will be uncomfortable if asked to name people or allocate personal blame - exit interviews are not about research paper 'blame', the writing programme, allocation of which is writers not constructive and should be avoided for anything other than very serious complaints or accusations, which must then be suitably referred as follow-up would be beyond the essay, normal exit interview remit.

Prepare your exit interview questions and topics that you'd like to digital dissertation explore, especially when you believe that the interviewee has good experience, appreciation and understanding. Take notes and/or use a prepared questionnaire form. Importantly, see also the job interviews page for interviews techniques, which relate to exit interviews too. Remember simple planning aspects such as arranging a suitable time and place, avoiding interruptions, taking notes, preparing questions, being aware of the body-language and feelings of the interviewee and adjusting your own approach accordingly, etc. Obviously the programme, style of exit interview is different for someone who is being asked to leave, retiring, being made redundant, dismissed, or leaving under a cloud, compared to an employee leaving whom the organization would prefer to retain. However everyone who leaves should be given the opportunity of an exit interview, and the organization can learn something from every situation. In certain situations (where appropriate) the exit interview also provides a last chance to change a person's mind, although this should not be the empirical research, main aim of the exit interview situation. When the interview is complete say thanks and wish the interviewee well. If there is writing programme some specific checking or follow-up to do then ensure you do it and report back accordingly. After the interview look at the answers and think properly - detached and uk objective - about what their meaning and implications.

Take action as necessary, depending on your processes for analysing and writing programme reporting exit interview feedback. If there's an urgent issue, or the person wants to stay and you want to manners for children keep them, then act immediately or the opportunity will be lost. exit interviews - responsibilities, process and outcomes [edit] Participation in exit interviews by programme, the employee leaving is voluntary. Do not compel departing employees to attend exit interviews. Offer a questionnaire form alternative, which again must be voluntary. You cannot compel a departing employee to give you knowledge that is in their head, although the return of empirical files, paperwork and material is normally something that an employer rightfully can insist happens. Essay Writing Programme? In any event, a positive constructive, grown-up approach is the best assurance of a happy outcome and an optimal transfer of knowledge and contact names, etc., should this be helpful, which often it will be. If you hear any of your people using the ridiculously confrontational maxim No-one is indispensable.., as a defence for not bothering to gather important knowledge from email updated resume a departing employee it probably suggests that all opportunities for a cooperative hand-over have yet to be explored, so encourage people to explore them, or go explore them yourself. Ideally the essay, organization should have a documented policy stating how exit interviews happen, when, and by whom. Some organizations hand the responsibility to a skilled interviewer in custom uk, the HR or Personnel department.

Alternatively line-managers or even supervisors can conduct the writing, interviews. Interviewers need to empirical research be trained to interview, just as for normal job interviews. All types of interviews are sensitive emotional situations which require ability and maturity to manage properly, especially if interviewees are anxious or volatile. In large organizations HR or Personnel department should be responsible for designing the process, issuing guidelines and writing documentation, collecting results data, analysing and reporting findings, trends, opportunities and recommendations, especially including anything relating to health and safety, or employment law and voltaire essay liability. If you design a questionnaire or exit interview form which will be used as an input document towards central analysis it is essay programme a good idea to convert questions wherever practicable into a 'scoreable' and/or multiple-choice format, which makes analysis far easier than lots of written opinions. Actions resulting from essay on morals exit interview feedback analysis, in any size or type of organization, fall into two categories:

Remedial and preventative , for example improving health and safety issues, stress, harassment, discrimination., etc. Strategic improvement opportunities , for writing example improved induction, management or supervisory training, empowerment or team building initiatives, process improvement, wastage and efficiencies improvements, customer service initiatives, etc. The head of HR or Personnel would normally be responsible for gsk a study of merger raising these issues with the essay programme, board or CEO, and the conversion of exit interview feedback into email updated resume, action is a critical factor in justifying and maintaining a serious priority and programme operation of the process. For many organizations, exit interviews provide a major untapped source of 'high-yield' development ideas and opportunities. Use them. sample exit interview questions [edit] These questions can be used in face-to-face exit interviews, or to compile exit interview proforma questionnaires or electronic feedback forms. If using these questions to compile forms to essay on morals be used for writing large scale analysis take care to paper format the questions into a format which can be analysed numerically, as far as is reasonable (certain questions and answers will always be difficult to format in essay programme, this way, for digital dissertation example the essay writing, 'how do you feel about. ' and open-ended questions seeking ideas and suggestions - such questions and can only essay be analysed and reported 'by exception' when something of particular note crops up, or of a particular recurring theme is spotted). In face-to-face interviews particularly, use the word 'why' if you want to probe, especially if the first answer is vague or superficial. Questions beginning with 'what' and 'how' are better for getting people to think and convey to you properly and honestly about their views. Some of writing programme these questions samples are more suitable for management employees, although always give people at all levels the chance to of equals in ethical pharmaceuticals comment on issues normally 'above' their remit - you'll be surprised at how informed and insightful people can be.

These questions examples are not in a sequential process, although broadly there is a logic to the order of the types of questions. There are lots more questions here than you would normally ask in a typical exit interview. Pick the questions that are most relevant to the leaving circumstances, the interviewee and your organization situation. Tell me about how you've come to writing decide to leave? What is your main reason for leaving? What are the research, other reasons for your leaving? Why is this important, or so significant for you? Within the essay writing programme, (particular reason to leave) what was it that concerned you particularly?

What could have been done early on library to prevent the situation developing/provide a basis for you to stay with us? How would you have preferred the situation(s) to have been handled? What opportunities can you see might have existed for the situation/problems to have been averted/dealt with satisfactorily? What can you say about the processes and procedures or systems that have contributed to the problem(s)/your decision to leave? What specific suggestions would you have for how the organization could manage this situation/these issues better in future? How do you feel about the organization? What has been good/enjoyable/satisfying for you in your time with us? What has been frustrating/difficult/upsetting to you in your time with us? What could you have done better or more for us had we given you the opportunity?

What extra responsibility would you have welcomed that you were not given? How could the organization have enabled you to make fuller use of writing programme your capabilities and potential? What training would you have liked or needed that you did not get, and what effect would this have had? How well do think your training and development needs were assessed and met? What training and development that you had did you find most helpful and enjoyable? What can you say about communications within the organization/your department?

What improvements do you think can be made to customer service and voltaire essay on morals relations? How would you describe the culture or 'feel' of the organization? What could you say about communications and essay writing programme relations between departments, and how these could be improved? Were you developed/inducted adequately for email resume your role(s)? What improvement could be made to the way that you were inducted/prepared for essay your role(s)? (For recent recruits of less than a year or so:) What did you think about the way we recruited you?

How did the reality alter from your expectations when you first joined us? How could we have improved your own recruitment? How could your induction training have been improved? How could you have been helped to better know/understand/work with other departments necessary for custom writers the organization to perform more effectively? What can you say about the way your performance was measured, and the feedback to you of your performance results? How well do you think the appraisal system worked for you? What would you say about how you were motivated, and writing programme how that could have been improved? What suggestion would you make to improve working conditions, hours, shifts, amenities, etc?

What would you say about equipment and machinery that needs replacing or upgrading, or which isn't fully/properly used for any reason? What can you say about the way you were managed. On a day to day basis. Digital Library Dissertation? And on essay programme a month to month basis? How would you have changed the expectations/objectives/aims (or absence of) that were placed on you? . And why? What, if any, ridiculous examples of policy, rules, instructions, can you highlight? What examples of ridiculous waste (material or effort), pointless reports, meetings, bureaucracy, etc., could you point to? How could the organization reduce stress levels among employees where stress is an issue? How could the organization enabled you to have made better use of your time?

What things did the organization or management do to make your job more difficult/frustrating/non-productive? How can the organization gather and make better use of the views and experience of its people? Aside from the reason(s) you are leaving, how strongly were you attracted to committing to a long and developing career with us? What can the organization do to email resume retain its best people (and not lose any more like you)? Have you anything to essay programme say about your treatment from a discrimination or harassment perspective?

Would you consider working again for us if the situation were right? Are you happy to say where you are going (if you have decided)? What particularly is it about them that makes you want to join them? What, importantly, are they offering that we are not? (If appropriate:) Could you be persuaded to renegotiate/stay/discuss the possibility of staying? Can we be of any particular help to you in this move/deciding what to do next (we can't promise anything obviously)? And, to address opportunities for knowledge-transfer prior to digital departure, possibly in advance of exit interview: knowledge transfer questions [edit] Start thinking about using these questions when the employee and the organization knows that the employee will be leaving.

Don't leave these questions until the essay writing, exit interview. How might we benefit from your knowledge, experience, introductions to your contacts, etc., prior to your departure? Would you be happy to gsk a case of merger in ethical take part in essay programme, a briefing meeting with managers/replacements/successor/colleagues so that we can benefit from digital your knowledge and experience, prior to essay writing your leaving? What can we do to enable you to voltaire essay pass on as much of your knowledge and experience as possible to your replacement/successor prior to your departure? How and programme when would you prefer to pass on your knowledge to research paper your successor?

I realise that you'll not be happy with the situation surrounding your departure, however we would really appreciate it if you could help us to understand some of the important things you've been working on essay - how might we agree for this knowledge to be transferred? We'd be grateful for you to introduce (name of successor) to your key contacts before you go - are you happy to help with this?

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D.A.R.E.’s keepin’ it REAL Elementary and Middle School Curriculums Adhere to Lessons From Prevention Research Principles. Writing? Posted on April 5, 2015 by D.A.R.E. in Curriculum. D.A.R.E.’s keepin’ it REAL Elementary and Middle School Curriculums Adhere to Relevant National Institute of Health Lessons From Prevention Research Principles. The principles listed below are the result of long-term research studies on the origins of paper marketing, drug abuse behaviors and the common elements of effective prevention programs. These principles were developed to essay writing, help prevention practitioners use the results of prevention research to address drug use among children, adolescents, and young adults in communities across the country. Parents, educators, and community leaders can use these principles to help guide their thinking, planning, selection, and delivery of drug abuse prevention programs at library dissertation, the community level. Essay Writing Programme? Prevention programs are generally designed for use in a particular setting, such as at home, at school, or within the community, but can be adapted for custom writers use in several settings. In addition, programs are also designed with the essay writing programme, intended audience in mind: for everyone in the population, for those at greater risk, and for those already involved with drugs or other problem behaviors. Essay On Good Manners? Some programs can be geared for more than one audience. NIDA#8217;s prevention research program focuses on risks for drug abuse and other problem behaviors that occur throughout a child#8217;s development, from pregnancy through young adulthood. Research funded by essay programme, NIDA and other Federal research organizations—such as the National Institute of email updated resume, Mental Health and essay programme the Centers for Disease Control and library dissertation Prevention—shows that early intervention can prevent many adolescent risk behaviors.

Principle 1 Prevention programs should enhance protective factors and reverse or reduce risk factors (Hawkins et al. Essay Writing Programme? 2002). The risk of becoming a drug abuser involves the relationship among the number and type of risk factors (e.g., deviant attitudes and behaviors) and email updated protective factors (e.g., parental support) (Wills et al. 1996). The potential impact of specific risk and protective factors changes with age. Essay Programme? For example, risk factors within the family have greater impact on a younger child, while association with drug-abusing peers may be a more significant risk factor for an adolescent (Gerstein and Green 1993; Dishion et al.

1999). Early intervention with risk factors (e.g., aggressive behavior and empirical research paper marketing poor self-control) often has a greater impact than later intervention by programme, changing a child#8217;s life path (trajectory) away from resume, problems and toward positive behaviors (Ialongo et al. 2001; Hawkins et al. 2008). While risk and protective factors can affect people of all groups, these factors can have a different effect depending on a person#8217;s age, gender, ethnicity, culture, and environment (Beauvais et al. 1996; Moon et al. 1999).

Principle 2 Prevention programs should address all forms of drug abuse , alone or in combination, including the essay, underage use of legal drugs (e.g., tobacco or alcohol); the use of illegal drugs (e.g., marijuana or heroin); and essay on morals the inappropriate use of writing, legally obtained substances (e.g., inhalants), prescription medications, or over-the-counter drugs (Johnston et al. 2002). Principle 3 Prevention programs should address the type of drug abuse problem in the local community , target modifiable risk factors, and strengthen identified protective factors (Hawkins et al. 2002). Principle 4 Prevention programs should be tailored to address risks specific to population or audience characteristics , such as age, gender, and ethnicity, to improve program effectiveness (Oetting et al.

1997; Olds et al. 1998; Fisher et al. 2007; Brody et al. 2008). Principle 5 Family-based prevention programs should enhance family bonding and relationships and include parenting skills; practice in developing, discussing, and enforcing family policies on substance abuse; and training in drug education and resume information (Ashery et al. 1998). Family bonding is the bedrock of the essay writing, relationship between parents and children. Bonding can be strengthened through skills training on parent supportiveness of children, parent-child communication, and parental involvement (Kosterman et al.

1997; Spoth et al. 2004). Parental monitoring and on good for children supervision are critical for drug abuse prevention. These skills can be enhanced with training on rule-setting; techniques for monitoring activities; praise for appropriate behavior; and writing moderate, consistent discipline that enforces defined family rules (Kosterman et al. Email? 2001). Essay Writing? Drug education and information for parents or caregivers reinforces what children are learning about the harmful effects of drugs and opens opportunities for empirical research marketing family discussions about the abuse of legal and essay programme illegal substances (Bauman et al. 2001). Email Updated Resume? Brief, family-focused interventions for the general population can positively change specific parenting behavior that can reduce later risks of drug abuse (Spoth et al. 2002b). Writing Programme? Principle 6 Prevention programs can be designed to intervene as early as infancy to address risk factors for drug abuse, such as aggressive behavior, poor social skills, and custom writers academic difficulties (Webster-Stratton 1998; Olds et al. 1998; Webster-Stratton et al.

2001; Fisher et al. Essay Programme? 2007). Principle 7 Prevention programs for elementary school children should target improving academic and social-emotional learning to address risk factors for drug abuse, such as early aggression, academic failure, and school dropout. Education should focus on the following skills (Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group 2002; Ialongo et al. Paper Marketing? 2001; Riggs et al. 2006; Kellam et al. 2008; Beets et al.

2009): Principle 8 Prevention programs for essay writing middle or junior high and high school students should increase academic and social competence with the following skills (Botvin et al. 1995; Scheier et al. 1999; Eisen et al. 2003; Ellickson et al.

2003; Haggerty et al. Empirical Research Paper? 2007): study habits and academic support communication peer relationships self-efficacy and assertiveness drug resistance skills reinforcement of anti-drug attitudes and strengthening of personal commitments against writing, drug abuse. Principle 9 Prevention programs aimed at general populations at key transition points, such as the transition to middle school , can produce beneficial effects even among high-risk families and children. Such interventions do not single out updated, risk populations and, therefore, reduce labeling and promote bonding to essay, school and community (Botvin et al. 1995; Dishion et al. Case Study Of Merger In Ethical? 2002; Institute of Medicine 2009).

Principle 10 Community prevention programs that combine two or more effective programs, such as family-based and school-based programs, can be more effective than a single program alone (Battistich et al. 1997; Spoth et al. 2002c; Stormshak et al. 2005). Principle 11 Community prevention programs reaching populations in multiple settings—for example, schools, clubs, faith-based organizations, and the media—are most effective when they present consistent, community-wide messages in essay, each setting (Chou et al. Case Strategy In Ethical? 1998; Hawkins et al. 2009).

Principle 12 When communities adapt programs to match their needs, community norms, or differing cultural requirements, they should retain core elements of the original research-based intervention (Spoth et al. 2002b; Hawkins et al. 2009), which include: structure (how the program is essay, organized and constructed) content (the information, skills, and case strategy strategies of the program) and writing delivery (how the program is email updated resume, adapted, implemented, and evaluated) Principle 13 Prevention programs should be long-term with repeated interventions (i.e., booster programs) to reinforce the programme, original prevention goals. Research shows that the benefits from middle school prevention programs diminish without follow-up programs in high school (Botvin et al. 1995; Scheier et al. 1999). Principle 14 Prevention programs should include teacher training on gsk a case study on the of equals pharmaceuticals good classroom management practices , such as rewarding appropriate student behavior. Such techniques help to foster students#8217; positive behavior, achievement, academic motivation, and school bonding (Ialongo et al.

2001; Kellam et al. Writing? 2008). Principle 15 Prevention programs are most effective when they employ interactive techniques , such as peer discussion groups and parent role-playing, that allow for active involvement in learning about drug abuse and reinforcing skills (Botvin et al. 1995). Principle 16 Research-based prevention programs can be cost-effective . Similar to earlier research, recent research shows that for each dollar invested in resume, prevention, a savings of up to $10 in treatment for alcohol or other substance abuse can be seen (Aos et al. 2001; Hawkins et al.

1999; Pentz 1998; Spoth et al. 2002a; Jones et al. 2008; Foster et al. 2007; Miller and Hendrie 2009).

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essay science social of Social Science. 1. Essay. Is social science really a science? Social science may be defined (broadly) as the email rational and systematic study of human society in all its forms with the programme aim of arriving at an enduring understanding, acknowledged as such by a broad consensus of researchers, of social phenomena. One of the properties which is necessary to gsk a of equals pharmaceuticals, a science is that the activities of its practitioners results in programme a substantial body of organised knowledge. One of the qualities of what qualifies as knowledge is that there is a broad consensus among interested parties concerning this knowledge. Thus if social science did not arrive at an enduring understanding of social phenomena, acknowledged as such by a broad consensus of researchers, it would fail to qualify as a science. As an initial attempt to voltaire essay, define science one might say that it is the collective activity, and the enduring results of that activity, in which the aim is to describe, analyse and understand (in a way which is intelligible to any person with the essay programme necessary mental abilities and training) a particular field of digital, empirical phenomena (its qualities, properties, nature and anything else about it which captures our attention and interest), and if possible to predict accurately the development of systems within this field from particular states or in response to particular changes. 1. However, this definition would exclude mathematics from the realm of the sciences.

Mathematics has been called the writing queen of the sciences. Two of the updated qualities which justify the inclusion of mathematics among the sciences are (i) that the writing programme activity of mathematicians results in enduring knowledge and (ii) that mathematics (unlike philosophy) is not characterized by enduring disagreements among its practitioners. Mathematicians may be inclined to view a particular mathematical hypothesis either as true or as false, but it is recognized by all mathematicians that this matter can be decided only by the discovery of a proof of the empirical paper marketing hypothesis or the discovery of a counter-example to programme, it (although there is the possibility that some concepts may be refined in this process 2 ). Mathematicians, unlike philosophers, do not spend their time trying to uk, persuade their colleagues that a particular assertion is writing or is not likely to gsk a case strategy of equals in ethical pharmaceuticals, be true. Essay Writing. They seek proof or disproof. When a proof (or a counter-example) is put forward it normally does not take long for other mathematicians to decide whether it is a valid proof (or a true counter-example). Philosophy, on the other hand, although a rational activity, is not a science because there is no consensus regarding how disagreements may be resolved, other than continued discussion and debate, which, as experience shows, frequently do not lead to a resolution of disagreement. These considerations show that (i) rationality is not sufficient to qualify an area of essay, investigation as a science and (ii) it is not necessary for a collective activity to be called a science that its subject matter consists in emprically observable phenomena (i.e., phenomena observable by essay programme, the outer senses), but rather that (iii) what is necessary is digital library dissertation that it is practiced in such a manner that disagreements can be resolved (by those with the intellectual ability required to grasp the programme problem and the skills to investigate) and do not typically become merely entrenched competing opinions. The property described in (iii) is called objectivity. In other words, for voltaire essay on morals, a field of investigation to be considered a science its results must be such that, if true, they can be verified by similarly qualified investigators, and writing programme if false, this can be revealed by the checking of the on good manners work by others.

This is not to say that a scientific theory or statement of how things are is absolutely true, or corresponds to reality, simply that it is inter-subjectively verifiable (or falsifiable), and does not depend for its validity on the alleged scientific abilities of one investigator. 3. Thus it is not necessary for social science to emulate the methods of the natural sciences in order to be considered a science. It is sufficient for it to lead to objective knowledge, the character of which has been outlined above. Whether it does so is essay writing programme another question, which we shall consider later.

2. What is society? All humans are born into a society of one form or another, and live within society, but their view is gsk a on the strategy pharmaceuticals usually just that of their immediate surroundings, and their intellectual understanding of the society they live in is usually derived from what they read in the newspapers. When we attempt to characterise society from a more scientific viewpoint we may say that society is an assembly (enduring over time) of writing programme, individual organisms, each with some degree of awareness and autonomy, interacting in usually complex ways and digital library dissertation producing artefacts and forms of organisation which in essay programme turn influence and constrain their experience and marketing their actions. 4. Social scientists may differ in programme the degree to which they make use of essay on good manners for children, (or even acknowledge) the writing programme autonomy and awareness of the individuals in a society in their descriptions and explanations of social phenomena, but that a society consists of such individuals cannot be denied without destroying the distinction between what social scientists study and what natural scientists study. 5. 3. Does scientific knowledge accord with objective reality? Most scientists tacitly assume that they study something which is independent of their inquiry, which has an existence in itself, and has pre-existing properties which are revealed by their inquiry. 6 The problem with this is to identify this reality, with which scientific knowledge is supposed to accord, other than by some process of scientific inquiry itself. If reality is what is known by means of scientific inquiry, then it is tautologous to say that scientific knowledge accords with reality.

7. Reality is what is intersubjectively verifiable, and enduringly so. The reality revealed by the investigations of natural scientists is especially real because so many investigators (even generations of investigators) affirm its qualities. Anyone, it is manners for children said, with the essay writing programme proper ability to learn and the proper training can confirm what it says in the textbooks of physics, chemistry and biology. 8. As regards social science in particular, there is less agreement than in natural science as to what constitutes social reality (as distinct from the reality of human individuals and the material objects that they produce). Emile Durkheim attempted to distinguish social science from empirical research marketing other forms of science by drawing attention (as he supposed) to writing programme, a special kind of fact, a social fact, which he held to be different from the kinds of facts studied in the natural sciences. In Chapter 1 of his The Rules of Sociological Method he states two criteria for identifying social facts. Firstly: A social fact is to gsk a case strategy of equals in ethical, be recognized by the power of external coercion which it exercises or is capable of exercising over individuals, and the presence of writing, this power may be recognized in its turn either by the existence of resume, some specific sanction or by the resistance offered against every individual effort to violate it.([Dur],p.10)

According to this definition, gravity is a social fact, since it coerces individuals to remain on the ground and resists their attempts to fly by their own efforts. At the end of Chapter 1 he restates this as: A social fact is every way of essay programme, acting — capable of exercising on the individual an external constraint. Email Updated Resume. ([Dur], p.13) Since gravity is not a way of acting this excludes gravity. But who or what is it that acts? Presumably people. So a social fact would seem to be present whenever people act in such a way as to constrain the actions of other people.

Of course, they do so by virtue of essay, occupying space, since we cannot walk through solid objects. So does Durkheim mean that people constrain others by intention? But this is to speak of the psychology of individuals, and Durkheim wished to distinguish social science from psychology. Empirical Research Paper. Presumably Durkheim is writing referring to customs, laws and traditions which individuals ignore at some risk. The second criterion Durkheim gives for the presence of empirical research, a social fact is: Every way of acting which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in its own right independent of its individual manifestations. ([Dur], p.13) But does it make sense to speak of anything existing in its own right independent of essay programme, its individual manifestations? To take an example from Durkheim's own work, can we say that suicide exists in its own right apart from email updated particular instances of suicide? Durkheim appears to have adopted a realist ontology, according to which universals exist independently of particular instances of those universals (e.g. red existing as something distinct from things which are coloured red).

This ontological position is rather implausible (one has only to ask where the alleged universal exists). Nevertheless there is a sense in which customs and programme traditions exist over and above the actions of individuals which may be said to exemplify them, for example, the library dissertation custom and tradition of marriage. Writing. Yet even if one denies that there is an entity of voltaire on morals, some kind distinct from the individual instances of marriage, marriage is not simply the essay collection of those instances. This custom, like all customs and traditions, is associated with a complex of beliefs. In fact this custom may be regarded as consisting of this belief complex together with the actions of individuals acting on those beliefs in respect of them. Such a view risks being seen as a psychological conception of marriage, i.e., a reduction of the fact of marriage to instances of of merger in ethical, individual belief and consequent action, and thus is writing programme inconsistent with Durkheim's wish to distinguish social science from psychology. However in the case of marriage (and other customs and traditions) we do not have simply a collection of individual beliefs and actions. Rather we have a belief complex which is instantiated in email many individuals and persists over time.

It consists in individuals, in fact most individuals in society, believing more-or-less the same thing as their contemporaries and as those who went before them and those who succeed them, and acting in ways implied by essay writing, this belief complex, that allows us to voltaire essay, identify marriage as something distinct from individual instances of marriage and individual instances of belief. We are dealing here with something like collective psychology, as opposed to individual psychology. So we might say that a quasi-Durkheimian conception of social science is that it is the writing study of study on the strategy of merger of equals in ethical, human psychology as it manifests itself not in individual beliefs and actions but in essay programme the beliefs and actions of large numbers of (indeed, most if not all) people in a society, while recognizing that this formulation may not have been acceptable to Durkheim because of his wish to draw a clear distinction between social science and voltaire essay on morals psychology. Durkheim's philosophical realism seems to have led him to objectify this collective psychology as a collective consciousness or a group mind, a position which is not viewed sympathetically by most late 20 th Century social scientists, and the examination of which need not detain us here. 9. Social reality, it seems, is what social researchers discover when they seek to understand society in a way that makes sense to their colleagues, provided they can agree on what they discover and that this agreement persists over time. Thus it cannot be said to writing, exist independently of the collective activity of social researchers, yet it exists independently of individual social researchers. 4. Weber on the origins of modern capitalism.

Max Weber, unlike Durkheim, did not feel the need to legitimate the study of society by establishing its credentials as a science (at least, one modelled on the natural sciences). Weber's approach to the study of society is more akin to essay for children, that of the historian than to that of the anthropologist, but is not purely descriptive. He draws upon psychology, not as a science, but as sympathetic understanding of the mental worlds of people living in essay various times and essay on good places. 10 Social reality for Weber is a human reality, inseparable from human experience of the world. It is true that the economic and historical details are necessary for an understanding of essay writing, society at a particular time and place, but their true significance lies in research marketing how these things were experienced by the people who lived among them, and writing what they thought of their world and essay on morals of themselves, and how this guided their decisions and writing programme their actions and formed their mode of life. However this is not a purely literary method, since Weber uses the ideal type as an explanatory device, of which more will be said below. In The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism 11 Weber addresses the question: How did the specifically modern form of capitalism arise in the West during the last few centuries? 12 Weber notes that capitalism, in the sense of material acquisitiveness, maximization of wealth and the use of it to create further wealth, for the sake of the enjoyment thereof, predated Western civilization and has long existed in various forms in non-Western societies. What characterizes the spirit of modern capitalism is that attitude which seeks profit rationally and systematically (p.64).

This rationalization has now spread throughout Western society (except on its margins). Or rather, those who believe they run society have attempted to impose this rationalization upon it, despite resistance from email updated resume those who dislike the curtailment of essay writing programme, their liberty that this entails. How did this situation arise? Weber attempts to show that its origins are in fact religious, despite the fact that it initially seems implausible that modern capitalism, which has no time for spiritual values (unless the essay on good public perception of a concern therewith contributes to profits), could have its origin in essay programme religion. But Weber succeeds in making this claim plausible.

For it to seem plausible we must follow Weber in digital library his description of the mental world of Puritan Protestantism. In Chapter 4, Part A, of The Protestant Ethic Weber presents his ideal type of writing, Calvinist belief, remarking that we can only hope to essay manners for children, understand their [i.e. various religious ideas] specific importance from an investigation of them in their most consistent and logical forms (p.98). According to Weber it is specifically in Calvinism, rather than Protestantism as a whole, that the spiritual basis of modern capitalism is to be found, and within Calvinism the essay writing specific doctrine of predestination (and the effects thereof). According to this doctrine each soul is either saved or damned from its beginning, as ordained by custom writers, God, with no possibility of altering its fate, either by faith, by essay, works or by the sacraments of the Church. This, says Weber, gave rise to a feeling of unprecendented inner loneliness of the single individual (p.104).

God was remote, warmth of conduct toward one's fellows was irrelevant to one's salvation (or otherwise), and participation in the sacraments of the Church (formerly believed to have magical efficacy) was pointless. Yet the uk question of whether one was among the saved or the damned was the overarching question of essay writing programme, one's life. Case Study On The Strategy Of Merger Pharmaceuticals. How was one to know? Although, as Calvin taught, there was no way to essay writing programme, know by a person's actions that they were among the elect, some actions would certainly mark a man as among the damned. Failure to attend Calvinist church services, or conduct not morally correct, was a sure sign of exclusion. Essay. Only the person who strove seriously to live their life in accord with God's will could hope to find, after death, that he had been among the elect all along. 13. This led to the rationalization of salvation, i.e., the conscious planning of writing programme, one's day-to-day behaviour so as to maximise the library likelihood that one was, indeed, among the elect. The alternative was too horrible to contemplate. In characterizing his ideal type of Calvinist mentality Weber writes:

The world exists to serve the glorification of God and for that purpose alone. . But God requires social achievement of the Christian because He wills that social life shall be organized according to His commandments, in accordance with that purpose. (p.108) Thus labor becomes a duty to God. The laborer is essay writing programme called by God to perform his duty of work. Thus came to prominence the gsk a on the strategy of merger of equals idea of the calling in the sense of vocation (or in more modern terms, profession). Protestant asceticism legitimated the writing programme exploitation of this specific willingness to work [hard], in that it also interpreted the for children employer's business activity as a calling.(p.178). The Protestant employer endeavours that his employees, too, should work hard and efficiently, and also understand that God calls them to do so. Writing. The treatment of labour as a calling became as characteristic of the modern worker as the corresponding attitude toward acquisition of the business man.(p.179) . intense worldly activity . Empirical Paper Marketing. alone disperses religious doubts and essay writing gives certainty of grace.(p.112) The Calvinist creates the conviction of his own salvation by a systematic self-control which at every moment stands before the inexorable alternative, chosen or damned. (p.115) In contrast to Catholicism, Calvinism taught the application of empirical research paper marketing, this methodical self-control within worldly life, indeed, it taught the necessity of proving one's salvation by writing, one's conduct in the world. For the Calvinist mentality this world does not exist for the enjoyment thereof but rather for the glorification of custom uk, God. Essay Writing Programme. For the Puritan asceticism is a virtue because enjoyment of worldly things is a dereliction of duty, using for selfish purposes what truly belongs to God alone. While the methodical self-control and rationalisation practiced by the Protestant increases his success in voltaire worldly life, as measured principally by essay writing, success in business, rational asceticism demands that the profits therefrom are not to custom writers uk, be enjoyed, but rather are to be reinvested for the sake of (as we now say) building up the essay business and achieving further success.

Gradually, by rational means, market share is increased, with the aim that eventually a level of control over the outer world will be reached which mirrors the control over the inner world. This obsession with control is one of the characteristics of modern capitalist society, the leaders of which attempt to control both people and natural resources, and to exploit both efficiently. The captains of modern industry, of course, do not think as the Puritans did (even though Puritanism lingers on in the civil religion of the U.S.A.). What Weber tried to show was how the library dissertation Puritan mentality provided one of the essential conditions for the rise of modern capitalism. Having arisen and come to dominate society, capitalism no longer required its support in religious asceticism. But the mental attitudes which made the programme ascendancy of modern capitalism possible persist in its underlying assumptions, such as that hard work is a virtue, material prosperity is a sign of the superior man, and that he who does not wish to work (whether or not the work available is perceived as boring and pointless) is somehow reprehensible (as the custom Puritans earlier regarded someone who failed to do their duty to God). The Puritan, says Weber, wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so. (p.181)

Thus Weber tells a story that gives us insight into our own lives, shows us how aspects of our lives are rooted in specific historical antecedents. This story is not mythological but is factually verifiable, if we care to consult the historical sources that Weber drew upon (although few of us have the time and skill to do so). 5. Concluding remarks. In his The Sociological Imagination C. W. Essay Writing Programme. Mills wrote that sociological reseach has tended to move in three general directions: (i) A theory of history, an custom uk encyclopedic endeavour, concerned with the whole of man's social life, at once historical and systematic. (Weber is one of the essay programme best examples of this school of inquiry.) (ii) Systematic theory of the nature of digital dissertation, man and society; static, abstract, general. (Here Talcott Parsons is the prime example.) (iii) Empirical studies of contemporary social facts and problems, with an emphasis on methodology. Writing Programme. (Much of modern American sociology.) The conceptions of social reality which are implicit in these (and other) approaches may not all be in accord with one another. Yet we can still ask whether individually or collectively they constitute a science. When we look at the research of social scientists, do we find (as in voltaire essay on morals mathematics) that hypotheses can be verified or refuted as a result of a collective examination by those qualified to do so? Or do we find (as in programme philosophy) that there is ongoing dispute and little agreement? The situation is not so bad as in philosophy but it is also not so good as in mathematics and empirical marketing natural science. A sociologist of the stature of Weber may propose an explanatory hypothesis, such as that certain aspects of modern capitalism can be understood as arising from certain religious values dominant at some phase of recent social history, and other sociologists may disagree (although there is widespread acknowledgement that Weber's explanation is both correct and valuable).

But it is not the programme sort of email updated, explanation which can be shown to be true beyond doubt. A sociologist may maintain some competing theory with little fear of being proven wrong. In the other schools of social inquiry mentioned by Mills there are other considerations. Essay Writing. The hypotheses advanced by Talcott Parsons may be irrefutable simply because they are unintelligible, or they may be true because, when analysed, they are commonplace observations. Such hypotheses neither explain nor lead to manners for children, knowledge. The empirical studies, largely based on interviews, may generate masses of data suitable for statistical analysis, but in the end lead to programme, few conclusions of any significance for an understanding of essay for children, society (although the results may be of interest to politicians and bureaucrats who wish to programme, regulate society more to their liking). Thus sociology cannot be called a science, because it does not lead to digital library, objective knowledge in the sense discussed in Section 1 of this essay. That does not, of course, mean that social inquiry is without value or importance. The example of Max Weber's inquiry into the religious foundations of modern capitalism shows that a sociologist of his capabilities can arrive at results which are not only significant for sociology as a field of research which aims at the rational comprehension of human society but which also are of value for understanding our own lives. [Coh] Cohn, N., The Pursuit of the Millennium, Secker Warbug, 1957; Paladin, 1970.

[Dur] Durkheim, E., The Rules of Sociological Method, transl. Essay Programme. S. A. Library Dissertation. Solovay and J. H. Mueller, The Free Press of Glencoe, 1938. [Mil] Mills, C. Wright, The Sociological Imagination, Oxford U.P., 1959, Penguin Books, 1970. [Sch] Schwartz, A. J., Life Force — Death Force, the Structure of Human Energy and the Biology of Greed, Vantage Press, Inc., New York, 1988 (ISBN: 0-533-07769-9) [Web] Weber, M., The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, translated by Talcott Parsons, Routledge, 1992.