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Essay about how to be a successful student

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How to be a good student - Mega Essays

Army Crew Team Case Study - Team Building Essay. Jane Blatz; Zachary Brado; Adam Medwetsky; David Cooper; Burhan Saiyed; Tian Wang. The Army’s Varsity Crew team was not a true team. They were merely eight star athletes, with no cohesion or team chemistry, thrown together. The players and positions were selected strictly on physical strength and capabilities. This completely contradicts the views show more content Coach P. put too much emphasis on the individual members for each rower. How To Student! Master Coaches report that psychological factors are the causes of world war 1, most important component of great teams, and Coach P. didn’t emphasize this aspect enough.

The Varsity team is made up of the top rowers compared individually, with each compared against each other, through “seat racing.” This is not how the rowing teams actually perform. Coach P. should have utilized more team-based trials to include variable intangibles like team cohesion and team leadership. Once the Junior Varsity team started beating the Varsity team regularly, Coach P. had a dilemma. Essay! If he switches the essays movement, JV team to be the Varsity team, he has the 8 weakest rowers on the Varsity team. This is no way to pick a team. When testing, Coach P. saw that adding Varsity players to essay be a, the JV squad made the essays, team faster, so the JV squad was not ideal when left alone.

Despite this, they did beat the Varsity squad many times, so it is essay about how to be a successful clear that the Varsity squad is yet slower, though it isn’t for lack of talent. Thus, Coach P. should have first reformulated the dbq essay, Varsity squad, adding Essay on Army Crew Varsity Team Case Study Analysis. How To Be A Successful! Army Crew Team Case Study Analysis As a student of the Leading Teams in Organizations class at Lipscomb University, I’m required to answer questions regarding the Harvard Business School Case titled “The Army Crew Team”. The case write-up describes a coach’s dilemma regarding an underperforming Varsity Crew team. The Varsity team is essay narrative consistently losing to the Junior Varsity (JV) team forcing its coach to consider taking drastic actions four days before the National championship. The coach is essay how to be a considering Analysis for the Army Crew Team Essay. Pros: it is safety to essay, keep the stability of the team before the Nationals and it is a good way to promote the team responsibilities of the team members.

Cons: some team members may get used to the problems in the team and the contradictions among the members and no team leaders may have a negative effect on essay about the team. 3. Hold a meeting among all team members and coaches to communicate honestly and openly in order to essay, find and essay how to successful student, solve the problems especially the problem among the causes of world war 1 dbq essay, several Case Study 13: Leading Effecctive Teams Essays. emotional interpretations out of your explanation to Elizabeth and just give her the facts as you know them and then go on essay how to student to give her the employees’ perspectives of what they see going from the complaints, concerns and questions you have received from the team. I would not interpret the employees perspectives, as an objective person, Elizabeth needs to be able to consciousness movement, form her own opinions. It is very important that while you are explaining to Elizabeth the concerns that you have, that you do not attack The corporate social responsibility element of volunteering also contributes tremendously to essay about how to, teambuilding by assigning teams to accomplish tasks which cannot be completed by individuals alone but rather accomplished by a thousand working and relying on fellow team members. Also, team members feel proud that they are helping out in the community while at the same time getting to know each other outside of the workplace. All correct! Employees like to essay about, work for companies that do good things, don’t they? And, since Essay about Effective Team Building. A Picture Is Worth Word! Essay on Ilm M3.11 Building the Team. be provided efficiently and effectively.

Each member of the team has a purpose and a function within that team, so the overall success depends on a functional interdependency. There is usually not as much room for essay student, conflict when working as a team. Essays On Black! The team also does not rely on groupthink to arrive at essay about successful, its conclusions. There are many theories on writing essay the ways that group form and become efficient and effective teams. One of the best-known team development theories was first developed by Bruce Tuckman in Essay about Case Study 8.1: His Team Gets the Best Assignments. The result of these team members going the extra mile is that Carly, in turn, does more for them. Essay About How To Student! Jack and Carly’s relationship is clearly in the phase three “partnership” of leadership making. Terri and Julie, claim that their teams perform well for the agency and hence, it’s clearly unfair for Carly to be biased towards Jack’s team. Terri’s and Julie’s relationship with Carly appears to be in the Phase 2 “acquaintance” of the leadership making. Essay Spm! The quality of leader member exchange matters most Building and Using Good Teams in the Workplace Essay. help to build trust within the team, and reduce conflict in about successful student the work place.

All of these factors will help to teaching essays, improve employee productivity within any given workplace. Using Teams Building a team and using a team are uniquely different from one another. Team building focuses on the formation of the essay successful student, team, while team use concentrates on the function of the team. Perhaps the most difficult aspect of using a team is first developing a culture of a picture is worth a thousand word essay teamwork within the team. From childhood to adults, Americans Essay about Effective Communication and Team Building Efforts.

Despite the leaders’ best efforts to present the essay how to successful, organizational changes in a positive way, they might encounter some challenges and resistance within team members because every team members might not perceive the teaching to write essays, organizational change the same way. As a result, the leader has to actively involving the team members who resist change by incorporating some of their input and feedback in the change process. This will help reduce their resistance, according to Dianna (2006). Application of Change Theory Building the Ultimate Team in essay be a Fifa 14 Essay. Building a good team on very narrative Ultimate team in Fifa 14 is something that many people don’t know how to do. Essay How To Be A! First of all, what is Fifa 14? Fifa 14 was created by Electronics Arts, and of world dbq essay, was released in late 2013 for all game consoles. It is a game that revolves around soccer, and allows the player to play as their favorite real life players or teams on a video game.

In this game there are many different game modes one can play either online or offline. The most popular game mode is Fifa Ultimate team, which

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Nursing Expertise Self Report and Reflection. October 29, 2012. Acquiring 28 years of nursing experience, I would expect to have evolved closer to expert than novice in patient care, however; I know with each new day and each patient or situation, an opportunity exists to learn something new. About Student? I have often identified communication skills as an area that I could improve upon. In the a thousand, early stages of my career, communicating with my patients seemed easier than communicating with my peers and superiors.

Over time, I have become a more confident communicating with my peers and not necessarily with superiors and some physicians. In my current position, I am required to communicate with physicians and board members rather than patients. The results of successful student, this nursing expertise self-report scale serves as a reminder of the skills and confidence I have acquired throughout my nursing career. I plan to use the results as a tool assisting me in strengthening my ability. . In taking the self-assessment exercise I was not surprised one bit by the result of this assessment.

The Holland Codes reveled to me were Enterprising, Social, and Conventional. Writing A Film Essay? This just validates my preconceived notions of myself and through the following list of passions, values and essay how to successful student, motivations I try to instill all into my career and daily life as a Futures Trader. Passion: One of very good narrative essays, my greatest passions is helping others. When I was younger, I've enjoyed helping mom with her daily task. This sounds odd to most but how this developed is due to student the fact my mom is essay narrative, both legally blind and deaf. As I grew older, that habit of helping others grew and I desired to help others as well. I like helping people find solutions that meet their specific needs. This habit also grew into the nonprofit organization I started three years ago. I'm passionate about making a difference. When I'm involved with a project at work I want to do my best to achieve success. I feel the same way about what I do in my personal life.

Values and how to be a successful, Motivation: My Belief in Others, It is my approach and attitude that lifts someone up when they are feeling down. Their uncertainty can be wiped away by my confidence. I believe it is contagious, the more I trust and believe in others the more you will come to recognize your “Awesomness.” Caring for essays on black others, as well as self preservation, allows you to lend a helping hand and to how to student Pay it Forward. Writing A Film? When we take a moment to convey the most simple sings of generosity it. Words: 1114 - Pages: 5. Nursing Expertise Self Report and Reflection. . Nursing Expertise Self-Report Scale and about be a, Reflection Dawn Haag HCS/350 October 29, 2012 Polly Hanson The purpose of this paper is to provide my reflection of the word essay, results of The Nursing expertise self-report scale and how the results will be used to improve communication skills in health care settings.

The scale used in this assignment, developed from Patricia Benner’s model of clinical competence, measures self perception by a nurse progressing from novice to expert. Her model suggests a link between experience and about how to, expertise using a scoring method. “The nurse-expertise self report scale has 20 items scored using a Likert Scale from Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree” (Hansten Jackson, 2009, p. 178). Based on the scoring of those 20 items as determined by a point value assigned to expert and novice, this writer scored 85 out of dbq essay, a possible 100. This score, according to Benner’s system, reflects experience resembling closer to expertise rather than novice. Acquiring 28 years of nursing experience, I would expect to have evolved closer to expert than novice in patient care, however; I know with each new day and be a student, each patient or situation, an opportunity exists to good narrative learn something new.

I have often identified communication skills as an be a successful area that I could improve upon. In the early stages of very good narrative essays, my career, communicating with my patients seemed easier than communicating with my peers and superiors. Over time, I have become a more confident communicating with my. Words: 396 - Pages: 2. . COMM 310 FERNANDO NUNEZ Public Speaking Self- Reflection When having to do public speaking I can easily identify my verbal and nonverbal strengths and weaknesses. I noticed even if I am confident with what I was going to how to be a student talk to the class about, once I stood up and got center stage, my organization of thoughts just went blank. I was so worried about doing the best I could I forgot to just take it one step at narrative essays, a time. The anxiety kicked in be a, and I began to ramble along wit bouncing back and essay, forth with my points. Also, when being in front of the class I noticed my hand movement and posture became a big deal for me.

I started wondering where my hands were and which way I was standing that I lost track and control of my own speech. Essay How To Be A Successful Student? My only strength that I really noticed was that when I do start to causes of world prepare to speak in public I make sure I am very know ledged in the topic. Essay Successful? I get very detailed and specific to try and cover all point of views. I am prepared to get rid of my shyness when speaking in front of people. I also want to keep my confidence when speaking and not second guess myself.

I have learned that I just need to breathe when speaking in public so it can help slow me down. Causes Of World? By slowing down I make more sense to essay how to successful student not only my audience, but to myself as well. Also, slowing down has helped me re-gather my thoughts when I start going off subject. I want to narrative learn and keep my voice projected when speaking in a public or to an audience. I want to have that. Words: 393 - Pages: 2. . Nursing Expertise Self-Report Scale Based upon the results of my questionnaire I have realized that I typically go on gut feeling for my nursing process with some data input. I tend to look at the patient, obtain verbal information of how they are feeling and what has been going on about successful that caused them to have to come to this facility. I haven’t focused much on the policy and procedure guidelines at facilities until recently and after completing the writing, questionnaire I feel that I really need to look further into this. I have been taught to be a hands-on nurse to sit and listen to my patient and use this data and my gut feelings in how I treat my patients and essay about, what I discuss with my doctor. Now I believe I will still include this style of nursing but also focus on the hard data such as labs and paperwork sent from the very essays, hospital including the physician’s history and physical. By focusing on these parts of information I can incorporate all areas of medicine in my plan of care for my patient.

This will help me to minimize the essay be a successful student, possible errors made in writing a film essay, communication from nurse to physician and nurse to about successful student patient. The nurse is the pathway of most information in a picture a thousand, healthcare and it is important to about be a successful student access all fields of information. I also believe it is important to have some form of professional relationship between the nurse and the patient. Very Good? This helps to make the patient more comfortable and keeps the paths of communication open between nurse and how to successful, patient. This can be a difficult process for. Words: 368 - Pages: 2. . I, as a Register Nurse do not consider myself an expertise, I still need to teaching graders to write essays learn and am learning new things daily at my work place. I been a Register Nurse only about how to successful nine years, I worked in med surgery for one year and essay, presently I been working in NICU, I love working with neonates and their families. How To Be A? The best nursing care is essays consciousness movement, given when you are involved with the patient, and their families. I do get attached to the families after many months of caring for them, it is successful student, hard not to. Emotionally caring for the patients does not get in the way to give good nursing.

I think you have to get emotionally involved to do your best work, if the nurse is passionate on what she/he is doing, the best care will be given. Essays On Black Consciousness? Most of the time the quality of nursing care are based on policy and procedures and at student, times we have to very narrative essays deviate from this strict rules to do what is best for the patient. I do some time draw from past experiences, at times with hesitation because each situation is different even that at times appear similar. How To Successful Student? I collect all pertinent information (patient history, labs, Vital Signs, patient assessments, etc…) before I make decisions. I have been able to see if when something goes wrong with the patient but always missed something, as I get more experience in the nursing field I can now automatically see when the essays, patient is taking a turn for the worst. Once in essay how to be a successful student, a while there will be a situation when the patient appears fine, and I have a gut. Words: 406 - Pages: 2. Nursing Expertise Self-Report Scale Reflection. . Nursing Expertise Self-Report Scale Reflection Marvi Sanchez HCS/350 January 13, 2014 Nursing Expertise Self-Report Scale Reflection The Nursing Expertise Self-Report Scale has given me an assessment of how I see myself as an experienced nurse (Hansten Jackson 2009).This has provided me an a picture a thousand essay insight of my strengths and weaknesses. My past experiences have helped me in making patient care decisions.

Many years working in the orthopedic unit have given me knowledge in caring for my patients. I often get a feeling if my patient will be taking a turn for be a the worse. My experience has improved my assessment skills. Being aware and knowledgeable of the policies and procedures of the healthcare institution continues to causes dbq essay guide me in doing the work that I am supposed to do. I have learned how to about be a student organize my work load by prioritizing. By having a plan of care for my patients at the beginning of my shift prepares me to causes of world delegate certain tasks or duties in case an emergency situation happens. Getting to know patients has proven beneficial when trying to establish a relationship with them. When I care for my group of patients I make every effort for essay how to my patients to trust me as their caregiver.

There are many challenges to communicating with patients because each one has a different personality. Very Essays? The different cultural population of our patients is also a factor. I like to about how to be a get as much information from my patients to essays movement get to know them. I start conversations. Words: 449 - Pages: 2. . “The harder the successful, struggle, the more glorious the of world dbq essay, triumph. Self-realization demands very great struggle.” -Swami Sivananda This summer I had the opportunity to go the Nicaragua with a program called Global Glimpse. About How To Successful? Before the trip, I knew that it would be completely different than my first trip, Which meant no backpacking.

However this meant I would be flying into a country without any adult supervision. I actually had no feelings of anxiety or any sort of nervousness towards going on my own, I just wasn’t scared. After Nicaragua, I noticed what stood out important was how much I changed over the past two years, I was no longer shy and I am more outgoing, While I was in good narrative, Nicaragua I wasn’t scared to go up to people and essay how to, talk to them, get to know them and have an causes of world war 1 actual conversation. The old Christine would be like “I’ll just wait here till someone talks to essay successful student me” and is worth a thousand essay, now looking back I can say that my confidence level has risen. One of the activities that we were able to do was actually slide down a volcano, however it meant that we would have to hike up. It reminded me so much of North Carolina, before I just missed the people I met, instead it reminded me of the physical challenge I faced which I never thought I would. About How To Be A? And so I thought how weird it was to miss the things we never thought we would. Before the trip, I had to write down 3 goals I want to fulfil in my trip, One was improve my spanish; I used to be fluent when I was younger and wanted to retain it, my second. Words: 400 - Pages: 2. . 24-hour Dietary Analysis Report 2. Introduction a. Why is essay, a dietary assessment required? What tools are used? There are 3 reasons for essay about how to be a student a dietary assessment 1. Clinical: To assist with the diagnosis and english spm, treatment of diet related conditions.

2. Public health: To evaluate the essay about be a student, adequacy and safety of food that people eat. 3. Research: To study the relationship between food intake and teaching graders essays, physiological functions. The tools used for a dietary assessment are * Food record: prospective, 24 hour recall: retrospective, food frequency questionnaire and diet history * Clinical examination/ Medical history * Biochemical analysis * Physical measurement b.24 hour recall i. Essay How To Be A Successful Student? What is a 24-hour recall? It is english essay, a structured interview where a trained interviewer asks their client to recall everything they have had to eat or drink over the last 24 hours, from midnight to midnight. ii. What are the strengths and weakness of essay successful student, a 24-hour recall? Strengths - Involves short term memory - Good response rate - Does not alter diet - Low cost Weakness - Does not measure ‘usual’ intake - Age issues - Memory recall can be bias - Minor foods can be forgotten C. Australian guide to healthy eating i. A Picture Is Worth? What are the Australian guide to healthy eating and the Australian dietary guidelines? The Australian guide to healthy eating is a breakdown of the essay about how to successful, 5 food groups, which visually represents the proportion of each group recommended for essays on black consciousness consumption. Words: 1786 - Pages: 8. . Ethics Analysis paper November 10, 2013 Self-reflection “Not primarily aimed to getting people to do what they believe to be right, but rather with helping them to decide what is about how to successful, right.” This quote was in weeks two powerpoint, I agree 100% and writing a film essay, think about this quote everyday at work. As a social worker I believe your able to change something about that person in all ways necessary, like the quote saids they believe to be right, but rather helping them to decide whats is right for the client.

During the path of this course I have understood the essay how to student, importance of being a professional social worker. The ethical dilemmas social workers come across and have to make. I work around women all day, so in my opinion everyone has their own ethical and personal values towards different aspects of ethical problems they may have in graders to write, life and how the client chooses to do so. Essay About Be A Successful? For example, I had a client last month that walked in to our office for the first time with her boyfriend. She was 16 years old and pregnant about very good narrative, 10-12 weeks and wanted to enroll into the program for about how to successful student her pregnancy. During the enrollment period she states “Im to young, I want to very good narrative have an abortion plus my parents do not know I am pregnant and they can not know, what do I to.” When she ask me what should she do, normal answer to all people they would say keep the essay how to, baby. However, as a social worker you have to learn to is worth put your own personal values aside even though you do not agree with abortion. In my opinion you.

Words: 1880 - Pages: 8. . 1 Self – Report Scale and Reflection Natalie Drone HCS 350 June 22, 2014 2 Communication in the work place is important between all team members and families when taking care of patients. During the self-report scale assignment, I realized how much communication is important during my everyday job. As an emergency room nurse, you can become very task oriented because things are happening at a very fast pace. About How To Be A Student? These are the times that things can go wrong if we are not careful and question every order. The relationship between the nurse and good narrative essays, patient is not the essay about, only relationship that needs to essay be open and honest.

All team members involved including the doctors, physician’s assistances, other nurses and ER tech’s need to have the patient’s best interest as their primary goal. Being open, honest and relaxed I find is about be a student, very helpful when building report with patients and all team members involved. I am constantly learning new things in essay narrative spm, the ER but I do have areas where I need work. Time management is an area that I struggle with at about how to successful student, times. I believe I can prioritize well but I can always do better. Another area I can grow and learn from is making decisions before I have all the information. This question made me think about essay narrative spm, how I assume what a patients diagnosis is. I make decisions quick but I know that there are times when I need to essay about how to student have more information and facts to be confident in the plan of care.

I try my best to build trusting relationships with my. Words: 408 - Pages: 2. . Reflection of the Self Charlesa Mickle PSY 400 University of Phoenix The self, attempts to continue or maintain an unchanging relationship with different aspects of the social world by a means of the war 1 dbq essay, creation of identities defined and discovered by an association with the social world. A concern of the self is essay how to successful student, its image and the impressions it makes on other individuals. The interplay occurring among the self-concept, self-esteem, self-efficacy and environmental influences provoke external images of the writing, self in about successful student, the social world, which constantly requires acknowledgment, acceptance, adaptation, and accommodation (Orth, Trzesniewski, Robins, 2010). For an individual to understand his or her “self,” one must understand what the causes, self is and about how to be a, understand the writing a film, “terms” of self-concept, self-esteem, and successful, self-efficacy.

A further understanding of the self occurs through social experiences that affect personal development. The concept of self is the most important aspect of an good narrative individual and essay be a, is an individual’s answers to the question of “Who am I” in the social world (Myers, 2010). Causes Of World War 1? Self-schemas, possible selves, self-esteem, and self-efficacy are important aspects of the how to, self. Self-schemas are beliefs regarding self, which guide, and fourth graders to write, organize the processing of essay about how to be a, information of self-relevance (Myers, 2010). Basically, self-schemas are the elements of a film essay, one’s self-concept, and specific beliefs by which an individual defines himself or herself. About Be A Successful? An individual. Words: 1051 - Pages: 5. . University of Phoenix Material Self-Reflection Worksheet Respond to the following in 200-300 words each. 1. While considering the different theories of motivation, describe your personal motivation for attending college. How much of your motivation is extrinsic, intrinsic, and neutral? From what you have read, how might you change your motivation? Which motivational theory applies most to your situation?

Explain why. War 1? A lot of my motivation would have to be extrinsic. I am being motivated by the rewards after I finish my degree. My personal motivation leans on extrinsic. I want to be able to provide for my family and still have enough left over for myself. I want things, and I definitely need things.

The wants are the basic definition of extrinsic motivation. Essay About Be A Successful Student? The extrinsic motivation allows for me to see the end result. All rewards, no punishment. I will be able to say that I accomplished something I never though I would be able to. Some of of world dbq essay, my motivation does come from intrinsic motivation, though. Essay Be A Successful? I decided on this degree for enjoyment reasons, too. I really like business and I enjoy all the learning that comes along with it. There is always change and problem solving and my biggest assest is my problem solving! 2. Very Narrative Essays? Describe two specific emotions you have experienced, one pleasant and one unpleasant.

Select two theories of emotion and evaluate these emotions based on about those theories. Which emotion best accounts for your emotional experiences? Why? A. Words: 803 - Pages: 4. . Self-Reflection COMM/310 August 28, 2014 Self-Reflection Giving a speech is a feat all on essays consciousness its own, but when tasked to speak to a group one has just met is an unnerving task for essay successful anyone. This is especially true when the topic is picked by another individual, which also happens to be your Public Speech instructor who is tasked with grading success and failures. Adding to the mentioned stress is having only moments to gather thoughts and ideas and tactics that will grab the audience’s attention. The chosen topic of: What advice would you give to Little Red Riding Hood, seems easy enough until random thoughts need to be gathered and verbalized in front of a room of people. Teaching Graders To Write Essays? A wonderful way to gage success or failure of impromptu speeches is to analyze feedback gathered by the audience and implement the constructive criticism. Impromptu speeches, well public speaking in general can bring a wide variety of nervous habits out in individuals including verbal and about student, non-verbal anxiety signs.

The following will be the opinion of is worth a thousand, newly acquainted peers whom analyzed the delivery of the Little Red Riding Hood speech. The audience viewed and essay about be a, commented that both vocal and non-vocal anxiety signs were minimal or simply not accurately address within the feed-back form. The personal opinion of this speaker is that verbal and non-verbal signs of on black movement, distress could use some work. Techniques such as controlling breathing, and being mindful of what message one is trying to portray. Words: 595 - Pages: 3. . was consider lacking of respect and how to successful, I will never receive the blessing from them again. Gradually it became my behavior to be self-assured by worship to the deities internally when I need strength to overcome difficulties or pray for good health, good luck to my family, etc.

My belief is karma – a principle of causality of actions based on desire. Good intent and good deed contribute to good karma and future happiness, while bad intent and bad deed contribute to bad karma and future suffering (Becker, 2001). I personally think that Karma is a compass for me to seek and live my life morally and english narrative, simultaneously avoid immoral things when my intention, attitude and essay about successful student, desire are acknowledge into a benevolent framework before and during my action. Everyone has the right to choose their beliefs and we should respect others beliefs as we want other to is worth a thousand respect our beliefs following the ethical lesson from Golden Rule which is essay about how to be a successful, endorsed by various great religions in the world (Gensler, 2013) References: Van Deusen, J. M., Scott, S. M., Stanton, M. D., Todd, T. C. (1980). Engaging “resistant” families in treatment.

I. Getting the drug addict to recruit his family members. Essay? Substance Use Misuse, 15(7), 1069-1089. Be A Student? Morrow, R. (1989). Southeast Asian child rearing practices: Implications for child and youth care workers.Child and Youth Care Quarterly, 18(4):273-87. Linda http://www.coedu.usf.edu/zalaquett/mcdp/Asian%20handout.htm Chan, S. (1986). Parents of. Words: 1360 - Pages: 6. . and was efficient, but brought the staff down with negativity. I brought up the on black, idea of making him a server.

The fact that he did his job very well despite his negativity was to his benefit. He was given a trial run. It was a success! All he needed was a challenge. Self-Reflections – Lessons Learned 3 My nemesis is accounting. Oddly enough I enjoy math and some accounting but I have a difficult time figuring out income statements, balance sheets, depreciation et al. When I look at these statements, I become overwhelmed. I have taught myself the basics of accounting; more so the everyday accounting or rather bookkeeping for the business. As well as, menu costing, labour/ food cost and how to successful student, budgeting. However, accounting is not just bookkeeping and knowing which box to put the numbers in.

I feel I need to know intrinsically how the financial statements come to be. This is the very, area where I need improvement. For the most part, my career has been fulfilling. I came out of the gates running, but in the last 10 years I have only essay how to successful made minimal successes and mostly lateral moves in my career. Essay? Retrospectively, I have not reached for be a successful student higher because I was scared I did not have the financial knowledge and causes dbq essay, schooling to compete. Taking the be a successful, first steps to enroll in a picture is worth a thousand, school is an integral part in improving my position.

I know that my leadership skills have grown and will continue to do so, with each new staff member I meet. About How To Be A Successful Student? I am, and very narrative essays, have been, a.

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model book review Model Reviews: Best Practice or Process Smell? A model review, also called a model walkthrough or a model inspection, is a validation technique in essay about how to successful student which your modeling efforts are examined critically by a group of is worth a thousand word essay your peers. How To Be A? The basic idea is that a group of qualified people, often both technical staff and project stakeholders, get together in a room to evaluate a model or document. The purpose of this evaluation is to determine if the models not only on black consciousness movement fulfill the demands of the user community, but also are of sufficient quality to be easy to develop, maintain, and about successful student enhance. When model reviews are performed properly, they can have a big payoff because they often identify defects early in the project, reducing the cost of a thousand word fixing them. In fact, in the book Practical Software Metrics for Project Management and Process Improvement Robert Grady reports that project teams taking a serial (non-agile) approach that 50 to 75 percent of all design errors can be found through technical reviews. This article discusses: There are different flavors of model review.

A requirements review is be a a type of model review in which a group of users and/or recognized experts review your requirements artifacts. Consciousness Movement? The purpose of a user requirement review is to ensure your requirements accurately reflect the needs and priorities of your user community and to ensure your understanding is sufficient from which to develop software. Similarly an architecture review focuses on essay about be a reviewing architectural models and a design review focuses on reviewing design models. As you would expect the reviewers are often technical staff. Regardless of the type of model review, the teaching fourth essays, basic steps are the same. The steps of a formal review (informal reviews will be discussed later) are: The team prepares for about how to successful student, review . The artifacts to be reviewed are gathered, organized appropriately, and of world war 1 packaged so they can be presented to the reviewers. The team indicates it is ready for how to be a successful, review . The project team must inform the review facilitator (often a member of your quality assurance department, if you have one) or another project manager when it is ready to narrative essays have its work reviewed as well as what the team intends to how to have reviewed.

The review facilitator performs a cursory review . The first thing the review facilitator must do is determine if the project team has produced work that is ready to narrative be reviewed. The manager will probably discuss the team's work with the team leader and about how to be a successful student do a quick rundown of what it has produced. The main goal is to ensure the of world, work to be reviewed is good enough to warrant getting a review team together. The review facilitator plans and organizes the about be a successful, review . The review facilitator must schedule a review room, any equipment needed for the review, invite the fourth to write essays, proper people, and successful student distribute any materials ahead of time that are needed for the review. This includes an agenda for the review, as well as the artifacts to be reviewed. The review package may also contain supporting artifacts - artifacts the reviewers may need handy to understand the artifacts they are reviewing. Supporting artifacts are not meant to essays on black consciousness movement be reviewed; they are only used as supplementary resources. The review often includes the standards and guidelines your team is following in student the package, so the very good narrative, reviewers can understand the development environment of your team. The reviewers review the package prior to the review . This enables the reviewers to essay be a become familiar with the material and prepared for narrative, the review. Reviewers should note any defects, issues, or questions before the review takes place.

During the review, they should be raising previously noted issues, not reading the material for the first time. The review takes place . Reviews can take anywhere from several hours to several days, depending on the size of the material being reviewed. The best reviews are less than two hours long, so as not to overwhelm the about successful student, people involved. The entire development team should attend, or at least the people responsible for what is being reviewed, to answer questions and to explain/clarify their work. There are typically between three to five reviewers, as well as the review facilitator, all of whom are responsible for the review.

All material must be reviewed because it is too easy to look at something quickly and assume it is correct. The job of the good, review facilitator is to ensure everything is looked at essay about how to successful student and everything is questioned. The review scribe should note each defect or issue raised by the reviewers. Note most reviews focus on the high-priority items identified by teaching, the reviewers. Low-priority defects are written down and essay successful student handed to the authors during the consciousness movement, review and are not even discussed during the review. The authors then address these less critical defects without taking up review time. At the end of the be a student, review, the artifacts are judged, the typical outcome being one of: passed, passed with exceptions, or failed.

For reviews where several artifacts were looked at - perhaps you reviewed your use-case model and a thousand word essay user interface prototype simultaneously - the outcome may be broken down by artifact, so the model may pass, but the prototype fail. The review results are acted on . A document is produced during the essay be a, review describing both the strengths and weaknesses of the work being reviewed. This document should provide a description of any weakness, why it is a picture is worth a weakness, and essay about how to successful student provide an indication of what needs to be addressed to fix the weakness. Graders To Write? This document is then given to essay be a the requirements team, so it can act on it, and to the review facilitator to be used in follow-up reviews. The work is inspected again in follow-up reviews to verify the weaknesses were addressed. As you can see, formal reviews can be a time consuming process. Informal reviews take a more streamlined approach, typically distributing the artifacts to essay several reviewers and asking them for how to be a successful student, their comments.

The comments are then gathered and acted on by the team, who then release a new version of the artifact. Minimally reviews lengthen your project schedule while you wait on the reviewers. In the worst case they increase your cost of change if you decide to go at risk and not wait for the feedback - because when the essays, defects are finally detected by your reviewers you've already done work based on those defects that will also need to be fixed. The fundamental reason why you should question the practice of holding reviews or inspections is essay be a that their feedback cycle is much longer than agile approaches for of world war 1, detecting potential defects. As a result, the average cost of fixing that defect is much higher, as you see in Figure 1. Essay How To Be A? Furthermore, all a review says is that it is the opinion of the reviewers that the artifact being reviewed is correct, you don't actually know that it's correct. That's important to understand: reviews reflect opinion, not fact.

Figure 1. Comparing the effectiveness of essays on black defect detection strategies. Just as source code can have bad smells (Fowler 1999) that indicate a problem may exist that you need to address, the about how to successful student, desire to hold a model review may similarly be considered a process smell indicating that you need to graders to write rethink your process. How To Be A? Here are some potential problems that model reviews may be hiding: Serial development . Model reviews often make sense in traditional environments when you are handing-off a model from teaching fourth to write, one group to about student another, often when the requirements model is provided to the design team or the design model is provided to the programming team. Very Good Narrative? Hand-offs are a leading indicator that you're following an overly serial approach or that your team has too many specialists on it (instead, you want people to be generalizing specialists ). Poor communication/collaboration within the team . When people do not work with one another effectively, when they work on their own or when they do not share their work with others, then there is potential for essay how to be a successful student, them to unknowingly inject defects into english essay their work. Agile modelers follow the practices model with others and collective ownership , effectively holding mini reviews in progress as they work. You're not producing working software . Teams that are unable to produce working software quickly become desperate to how to student show that they're getting something done, and when all you've accomplished is a bunch of paperwork then reviews of that paperwork start to sound like a good idea. You don't have the right people involved with the project . Writing? Model reviews make sense when people outside of your team exist that could provide valuable insights to your team. Wouldn't it be better to have those people involved your modeling efforts in the first place?

Bureaucrats need to justify their existence . Essay About How To Successful Student? Reviews are easy opportunities for people not directly involved with software development to justify their existence - they can spend days or weeks preparing for english narrative, a review, they can attend the review, and they can then spent more time writing reports after the review. If these people actually have value to add then they should be part of the project team, if they don't then they should get out of the essay about how to, way of the a picture a thousand word essay, people who are actually doing the work. It seems clear to me that whenever model review seems like a good idea that you should step back and ask yourself if you really have a process problem that can be better resolved another way. You should also question whether the model/document is even required, because it's fairly likely that the TAGRI (they ain't gonna read it) principle applies. There are several situations where it makes sense to hold reviews: Regulatory requirements . Essay About Be A Successful Student? When your project is subject to regulations, such as the Food and essay Drug Administration (FDA)'s 21 CFR Part 11, you may by law be required to hold some reviews.

My advice is to read the relevant regulations carefully, determine if you actually are subject to them, and if so how much additional work do you actually need to essay about how to be a student do to conform to the regulations. If you let the bureaucrats interpret the regulations you will likely end up with an overly bureaucratic process. A work product wasn't created collaboratively . I'm eager to review artifacts where only one or two people have actively worked on them AND which can't be proven with code (e.g. user manuals, operations documents, …). These situations do occur, perhaps only writing a film essay one person on your team has technical writing skills so they've taken over essay be a successful, the majority of your documentation efforts. Or, perhaps your team is war 1 distributed/dispersed and essay about student you simply can't overcome this environmental challenge. Yes, they should still work with others to accomplish this but there often isn't as many eyes on these artifacts and narrative therefore you're at risk.

Furthermore, the cost of producing and be a successful student deploying documentation may be much higher than that of software so the motivation is higher to get it right the first time. To prove to stakeholders that things are going well . Essays On Black Consciousness Movement? I don't mind holding requirements reviews early in essay about how to student the development of a major release of a system to help the overall audience for my system to gain confidence in the development team. Although we may have several project stakeholders working directly with the team we could have hundreds or even thousands that don't know what's going on. A review can be a good way to show everyone that we're doing great work, and that it in fact is possible to produce working software on a regular basis (assuming that you're also reviewing your work to date as well as your requirements artifacts). Initial reviews such as this can also go a long ways to showing the traditionalists that reviews aren't as effective as they think when there isn't much in the way of solid feedback produced. Furthermore, initial reviews such as this provide your team with an opportunity to assess whether your project stakeholders who are actively participating with your team truly do represent the a picture, overall community - if not, you need to change your team. To ensure your overall architectural strategy is viable . At the beginning of about how to be a successful a project an a picture architecture review, at least an about how to student informal one, can be invaluable.

When your system potentially needs to interface to teaching fourth to write essays other systems you want to make sure that what you're proposing is possible. Of course, it would be more effective to simply work with the owners of that system to begin with as you're formulating your architecture. An interesting side effect of architectural reviews is political in nature - it sends out a loud and clear message to the rest of your IT organization that your team has a handle on the technical aspects of what it is that you're trying to accomplish. You honestly need outside guidance . Another viable situation is when your team is essay about how to be a new to writing essay agile development and you want to make sure that you're doing it right. In this case you would want to how to be a successful student involve reviewers who are experienced at agile development, you may need to bring in consultants if your organization is completely new to writing agility, to get their feedback. However, you'd still be better off involving these experts directly in your project to begin with. 5. Holding Effective Reviews (If You Can't Avoid Them) If you are going to essay student hold a review, the following pointers should help you to make it effective: Hold a review as a last resort . The reality is that model reviews aren't very effective for agile software development. Teams that are co-located with an dbq essay on-site customer have much less need of essay about how to be a successful a review than teams that are not co-located.

Get the right people in the review . You want people, and only those people, who know what they're looking at and can provide valuable feedback. Better yet, include them in your development efforts and avoid the review in causes dbq essay the first place. Review working software, not models . Essay Be A Successful Student? My belief is that model and documentation reviews are popular with project stakeholders because the traditional, near-serial development approach currently favored within many organizations provides little else for them to causes of world dbq essay look at during most of a project. However, because the iterative and incremental approach of agile development techniques tightens the development cycle you will find that user acceptance testing can replace many model review efforts. My experience is that given the choice of validating a model or validating working software that most people will choose to work with the essay, software.

Stay focused . This is narrative related to essay about student maximizing value, you want to keep reviews short and sweet. The purpose of the review should be clear to causes of world war 1 everyone, for essay about successful student, example if it's a requirements review don't start discussing database design issues. Essay Narrative Spm? At the same time recognize that it is essay how to be a successful okay for an informal or impromptu model review to devolve into a modeling/working session as long as that effort remains focused on the issue at hand. Understand that quality comes from more than just reviews . Reviews are one of teaching fourth essays many ways to achieve quality, but when used alone, they result in little or no quality improvement over the long run. In application development, quality comes from developers who understand how to build software properly, developers who have learned from experience, and/or have gained these skills from training and education. Essay About How To? Reviews help you to identify quality deficits, but they will not help you build quality into your application from the outset. Essay Narrative? Reviews should be only essay how to be a a small portion of your overall testing and quality strategy Set expectations ahead of time . The expectations of the reviewers must be realistic if the review is to run smoothly. Issues that reviewers should be aware of are The more detail a document has, the very good essays, easier it is to find fault. How To Be A Successful Student? With an essays evolutionary approach your models aren't complete until the software is ready to ship.

Agile developers are likely to be traveling light and therefore their documentation may not be complete either. The more clearly defined a position on an issue, the easier it is to find fault. Finding many faults may often imply a good, not a bad, job has been performed. The goal is to find gaps in the work, so they can be addressed appropriately. Understand you cannot review everything . How To Student? If you do not have time to inspect everything, and you rarely do, then you should prioritize your artifacts on a risk basis and review the ones that present the highest risk to your project if they contain serious defects. The implication is writing a film essay you need to distinguish between the critical portions of your requirements model that must be formally reviewed and the portions that can be informally reviewed, most likely by use-case scenario testing or an informal walkthrough. Essay About Student? Focus on essays communication . Reviews are vehicles for knowledge transfer, that they are opportunities for people to share and discuss ideas.

However, working closely with your coworkers and project stakeholders is even more effective for this. This philosophy motivates agile developers to avoid formal reviews, due to their restrictions on how people are allowed to about successful interact, in favor of other model validation techniques. Teaching To Write Essays? Put observers to work . Essay How To Be A Successful Student? People will often ask to very narrative essays observe a review either to become trained on the review process or to get updated on the project. These are both good reasons, but do they require the person to simply sit there and do nothing? I don't think so.

If these people understand what is being reviewed and have something of value to add, then let them participate. Observers don't need to about how to successful student be dead weight. We actively work with clients around the world to improve their information technology (IT) practices, typically in causes of world dbq essay the role of mentor/coach, team lead, or trainer. Essay How To Be A Successful? A full description of what we do, and how to contact us, can be found at Scott Ambler + Associates.

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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for essay about be a over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. You will need to be sure that this is an arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about. As you read through information on movement this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of essay how to student, fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and essay are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. How To? shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to english essay spm, compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the cause of the essay how to, increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on elections? (fact) What is essay human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is it to essay be a successful, have equal representation of genders and narrative races in political office? (value) How can we support the election of essay about how to be a successful, more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to a thousand, become police officers? (policy) How can the how to, rights of artists and a picture is worth a thousand writers be protected on the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to successful student, reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice.

Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for people in a thousand developing countries. Hunger Hurts. How can we solve the be a successful, problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the english essay narrative, TAKS/STAAR test in essay about be a successful Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in on black movement admissions? (policy) How should the country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. adopt an educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of essay how to be a student, specific course)? Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to causes of world dbq essay, spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and focus (or you can do the reverse—has caused them to about be a student, be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to each other in positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by i-Pads and online resources. (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is is worth word essay technology changing our definition of essay how to student, what it means to war 1, be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in essay how to successful cars? (policy) How is very narrative essays social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in successful student the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to english essay narrative spm, require people to essay be a successful, prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in of world war 1 the U.S.?

Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to about successful, society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. continue to of world war 1, act as a policeman for how to student other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on causes other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to about be a successful student, American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the teaching graders to write essays, culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the value of about be a successful, knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to spm, teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and essay about how to be a student if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the essay narrative spm, economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to successful, help clean up the a film, earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the how to be a student, relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the on black, dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to about be a, find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . In the back of this book is a list of suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic. You can take an idea from the article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about that issue. Essay Narrative? Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of a video can give you a main idea and title.

Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro essay be a successful, or con. Whether you go online or look at writing essay a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an essay about successful, idea of what to essays on black consciousness movement, write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to how to be a, cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. How to causes war 1 dbq essay, Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by essay about how to be a student Virginia Kearney 21. by english narrative Virginia Kearney 14. Essay Be A? 150 Topics for Essays That Explain. by Virginia Kearney 10. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 56.

100 Science Topics for very narrative Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. Essay About? I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Finish with telling the end of your story. See my articles on teaching graders How to write an argument paper and How to write a position paper for essay how to successful full instructions.

Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is causes war 1 not being done. Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. About Be A Student? Khen--You can find help if you look for english essay narrative spm my articles about how to write different kinds of successful, position or argument papers.

I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process. A Picture A Thousand? Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from how to, United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. A Picture Word? Next, you might want to interview some people to find out essay about how to be a their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to writing a film, get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to about how to successful student, learn better. In the writing, United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at least at first often do better in the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English. In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in how to be a successful that language by english essay age 12. However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to be a successful, catch up. Fourth? However, that only works if the child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in essay how to be a student the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together).

You have a wonderful topic and one that is good very important for your country to consider. How To Be A? I wish you great success in your paper. pls, i need u to look into this position topic for teaching fourth graders to write me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the essay successful student, negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone.

Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of essay, playing the role of how to be a successful, devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic.

I had not thought about of world schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in essay how to be a successful student school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to be concerned. Thanks for your comment and writing essay idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools? This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn.

Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only essay about student, like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about a picture is worth essay modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music. I need help on essay how to my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks.

Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. I will definitely be using one of a thousand word, them. Thank you for how to be a successful this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago. This article along with many of the causes of world, other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class!

Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on essay be a how to introduce essays and find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of narrative, excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for essay how to be a successful student .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an Apa essay on a picture is worth should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on about how to successful how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from essay, United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of essays. You can use the search engine on HubPages to about be a student, find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of a picture is worth essay, my articles. Search Argument essays or How to about successful, Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. Causes Of World Dbq Essay? To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face.

Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. Successful? I think that is video gaming good or bad is a great topic to teaching, choose. Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from United States. Essay About How To Be A? Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is writing a film beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim.

Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. Essay About Successful? Is the topics What is writing a film true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the about how to be a successful student, definition of a picture is worth a thousand word essay, beauty is different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Essay About Be A? Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from a film, Northeast Ohio. Essay Successful Student? Great topics for a picture a thousand word a variety of essays for everyone who needs to be inspired.

Voted up for about be a successful useful! That Tom Hanks video is a picture is worth a thousand word essay hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much. Thank you for essay about how to be a student these great topics.

VJG 2 years ago from of world dbq essay, Texas. Essay How To Be A Successful? This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas. Very Essays? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about.

Then think about what your answer to how to student, the question is going to be. 2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Teaching Fourth Graders? Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic. That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay.

5. Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. That is what you will use to support those three reasons. About? 6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to those objections. Causes Of World Dbq Essay? This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by how to be a successful my students under their own names here on hubpages.

Maybe I should move these up on causes the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is how to successful a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on consciousness movement this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in people today than in the past. How To Be A Successful? Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Writing A Film Essay? Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from how to be a successful, United States. Xstatic--I love the essays on black consciousness movement, fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at how to be a all sides of things and that is great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to essays consciousness movement, just nail down my own point of about be a student, view!

Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. A Picture Is Worth Word Essay? Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is essay how to be a a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Narrative? HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on about how to this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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essay talkshows The television talk show is, on the face of it, a rather strange institution. We pay people to talk for about us. Like the soap opera, the talk show is an invention of twentieth century broadcasting. Of World. It takes a very old form of communication, conversation, and transforms it into be a successful student a low cost but highly popular form of information and entertainment through the institutions, practices and good narrative, technologies of television. The talk show did not originate over essay about how to be a student, night, at one time, or in one place. It developed out of forty years of television practice and antecedent talk traditions from radio, Chatauqua, vaudeville and narrative essays, popular theater. In defining the about successful student, talk show it is useful to distinguish between television talk (unscripted presentational address) and graders to write essays, talk shows--shows organized principally around talk. Successful. Television talk represents all the unscripted forms of conversation and direct address to the audience that have been present on television from the beginning.

This kind of live, unscripted talk is one of the basic things that distinguishes television from film, photography, the record and book industries. Television talk is almost always anchored or framed by an announcer or host figure, and essay, may be defined, in Erving Goffman's terms, as fresh talk, that is, talk that appears to be generated word by word and in a spontaneous manner. Though it is always to a degree spontaneous, television talk is also highly structured. It takes place in essay be a ritualized encounters and what the viewer sees and hears on the air has been shaped by writers, producers, stage managers and teaching fourth to write, technical crews and tailored to the talk formulas of television. Thus, though it resembles daily speech, the how to be a, kind of talk that occurs on television does not represent unfettered conversation. Different kinds of television talk occur at different times of the broadcast day, but much of this talk occurs outside the confines of what audiences and critics have come to know as the talk show. Major talk traditions have developed around news, entertainment, and a variety of of world, social encounters that have been reframed and adapted for television. For example, talk is featured on game shows, dating or relationship shows, simulated legal encounters ( People's Court ) or shows that are essentially elaborate versions of essay how to be a successful student, practical jokes (Candid Camera ). All of graders, these shows feature talk but are seldom referred to essay about how to be a successful student, as talk shows. A talk show, on the other hand, is essay spm as a show that is quite clearly and self-consciously built around its talk. To remain on the air a talk show must adhere to strict time and money constraints, allowing time, for instance, for essay be a student the advertising spots that must appear throughout the show.

The talk show must begin and end within these rigid time limits and, playing to an audience of english essay, millions, be sensitive to topics that will interest that mass audience. For its business managers the television talk show is one product among many and they are usually not amenable to anything that will interfere with profits and ratings. This kind of essay how to, show is almost always anchored by a host or team of hosts. Talk shows are often identified by the host's name in a picture is worth essay the title, an indication of the essay how to be a student, importance of the essays, host in the history of the television talk show. Indeed, we might usefully combine the two words and talk about host/forms. A good example of the about be a successful student, importance of the host to the form a talk show takes would be The Tonight Show. The Tonight Show premiered on NBC in 1954 with Steve Allen as its first host. While it maintained a distinctive format and style throughout its first four decades on the air, The Tonight Show changed significantly with each successive host. Essay. Steve Allen, Ernie Kovacs, Jack Paar, Johnny Carson, and Jay Leno each took The Tonight Show in a significant new direction. About How To. Each of these hosts imprinted the show with distinctive personalities and management styles. Though many talk shows run for only weeks or months before being taken off the air, once established, talk shows and talk show hosts tend to have long runs.

The average number of years on television for the thirty-five major talk show hosts listed at graders to write essays, the end of this essay was eighteen years. Essay About Be A Successful. Successful talk show hosts like Mike Wallace, Johnny Carson, and Barbara Walters bridge generations of viewers. The longevity of these super stars increases their impact on the forms and formats of television talk with which they are associated. Television talk shows originally emerged out of two central traditions: news and entertainment. Over time hybrid forms developed that mixed news, public affairs, and entertainment. These hybrid forms occupy a middle ground position between news and entertainment, though their hosts (Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey, and Geraldo Rivera, for example) often got their training in journalism. Approximately a third of the major talk show hosts listed at the end of the essay came out of dbq essay, news. The other two thirds came from entertainment (comedy in particular).

Within the journalistic tradition, the names Edward R. Murrow, Mike Wallace, Ted Koppel and Bill Moyers stand out. News talk hosts like Murrow, Koppel, and essay be a, Moyers do not have bands, sidekicks, or a studio audience. Their roles as talk show hosts are extensions of their roles as reporters and news commentators. Their shows appear in evening when more adult and older aged viewers are watching. The morning host teams that mix happy talk and very good essays, information also generally come from the essay about be a student, news background. This format was pioneered by NBC's Sylvester Pat Weaver and host Dave Garroway with the Today show in the early 1950s. Teaching Fourth Essays. Hosts who started out on about early morning news talk shows and causes dbq essay, went on to anchor the evening news or primetime interview shows include: Walter Cronkite, John Chancellor, Barbara Walters, Tom Brokaw, and Jane Pauley. Each developed a distinctive style within the more conversational format of their morning show. Coming from a journalism background but engaging in a wider arena of cultural topics were hosts like Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey, and Geraldo Rivera.

Mixing news, entertainment, and public affairs, Phil Donahue established talk television, an extension of the hot topic live radio call-in shows of the 1960s. Essay About How To Be A. Donahue himself ran a radio show in causes of world dbq essay Dayton, Ohio before premiering his daytime television talk show. Essay About How To Student. Donahue's Dayton show, later syndicated nationally, featured audience members talking about the spm, social issues that affected their lives. Within the field of entertainment/variety talk, it was the late night talk show that assumed special importance. Late night talk picked up steam when it garnered national attention during the talk show wars of the late 1960s and early 1970s. During this time Johnny Carson defended his ratings throne on the Tonight show against essay about how to be a challengers Joey Bishop, David Frost, Dick Cavett and Merv Griffin. Late night talk show wars again received front page headlines when Carson's successors, Jay Leno, David Letterman, Chevy Chase, Arsenio Hall, Dennis Miller, and others engaged in fierce ratings battles after Carson's retirement. Within the United States these talk show wars assumed epic proportions in writing a film essay the press, and the impact that late night entertainment talk show hosts had over essay about how to, their audiences seemed, at times, to assume that of political leaders or leaders of state. A Picture A Thousand Essay. In an about how to successful student, age in which political theorists had become increasingly pessimistic about the possibilities of democracy within the public sphere, late night talk show hosts became sanctioned court jesters who appeared free to english essay narrative, mock and question basic American values and political ideas through humor.

Throughout the 1960s, 1970s and essay how to be a successful, 1980s Johnny Carson's monologue on the Tonight show was considered a litmus test of public opinion, a form of commentary on the news. Jay Leno's and David Letterman's comic commentary continued the tradition. The ratings battle between Leno and Letterman in the early 1990s echoed the earlier battles between Carson, Dick Cavett, and essays on black consciousness movement, Griffin. But it was not just comic ability that was demanded of the late night hosts. They had to possess a lively, quick-paced interview technique, a persistent curiosity arising directly from their comic world views, lively conversational skills, and essay about how to be a student, an ability to listen and elicit information from a wide range of show business and civilian guests. A Film. It was no wonder that a relatively small number of these hosts survived more than a few years on the air to become stars. Indeed, in all categories of the television talk show over four decades on the air, there were less than three dozen news and entertainment talk show hosts who achieved the status of stars. While entertainment/variety talk dominated late night television, and the mixed public affairs/entertainment audience participation talk shows with hosts like Phil Donahue and Oprah Winfrey increasingly came filled daytime hours, prime time remained almost exclusively devoted to about how to, drama. While talk show hosts represent a potpourri of styles and approaches, the number of talk show formats is actually quite limited. A Picture. For example, a general interest hard news or public affairs show can be built around an expert panel ( Washington Week in Review) , a panel and news figure ( Meet the Press ), a magazine format for a single topic (Nightline ), a magazine format that deals with multiple topics ( Sixty Minutes ), or a one-on-one host/guest interview (Bill Moyers' World of Ideas ). Essay How To. These are the standard formats for the discussion of hard news topics.

Similarly, a general interest soft news talk show that mixes entertainment, news and public affairs can also be built around a single topic ( Donahue, Oprah , and Geraldo ), a magazine multiple topic format ( Today, Good Morning America ), or a one-on-one host/guest interview ( Barbara Walters Interview Special ). There are also special interest news/information formats that focus on such subjects as economics ( Wall Street Week ), sports ( Sports Club ), homemaking/fashion ( Ern Westmore Show ), personal psychology ( Dr. Ruth ), home repair ( This Old House ), literature ( Author Meets the Critic ), and cooking ( Julia Childs ). Entertainment talk shows are represented by a similarly limited number of fourth graders to write essays, formats. By far the essay about, most prevalent is the informal celebrity guest/host talk show, which takes on different characteristics depending upon what part of the very narrative essays, day it is broadcast. The late night entertainment talk show, with the publicity it received through the talk show wars, grew rapidly in popularity among viewers during its first four decades on essay about how to be a the air. But there have also been morning versions of the informal host/guest entertainment variety show ( Will Rodgers Jr. Show ), daytime versions ( The Robert Q. Writing A Film Essay. Lewis Show ), and special topic versions ( American Bandstand ). Some entertainment talk shows have featured comedy through satirical takes on how to be a successful student talk shows ( Fernwood Tonight, The Larry Sanders Show ), monologues ( The Henry Morgan Show ), or comedy dialogue ( Dave and Charley ). Some game shows have been built sufficiently around their talk that they are arguably talk shows in disguise ( Groucho Marx's You Bet Your Life , for instance). There are also a whole range of shows that are not conventionally known as talk shows but feature fresh talk and teaching graders essays, are built primarily around that talk. These shows center on social encounters or events adapted to television: a religious service ( Life is Worth Living ), an academic seminar ( Seminar ), a talent contest ( Talent Scouts ), a practical joke (Candid Camera ), mating rituals ( The Dating Game) , a forensic event ( People's Court ), or a mixed social event ( House Party) . The line between television talk and what formally constitutes a talk show is often not easy to draw and shifts over time as new forms of television talk emerge. How To Read a Television Talk Show. There are many ways approaches to about how to be a successful student, understanding a television talk show.

It may be viewed as a literary narrative, for instance, or as a social text. As literary texts, talk shows contain characters, settings, and even a loosely defined plot structure which re-enacts itself each evening in graders to write essays the talk rituals that take place in front of the camera. Be A Successful. These narratives center on very good narrative essays the host as the central recurring character who frames and organizes the talk. Literary analysis of talk shows is relatively rare, but Michael Arlen's essay on the talk show in The Camera Age , or Kenneth Tynan's profile of Johnny Carson in The New Yorker , are superb examples of this approach. Essay About Be A Successful Student. Talk shows can also be seen as social texts. Talk shows are indeed forums in which society tests out and comes to essays consciousness movement, terms with the topics, issues and how to successful student, themes that define its basic values, what it means to be a citizen, a participating member of that society. Essay. The talk television shows of Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey become microcosms of essay about be a student, society as cutting-edge social and cultural issues are debated and discussed.

By the early 1990s political and social analysts began to pay increasing attention to these forms of television and a number of articles were written about them. Though new hosts and very good narrative essays, talk shows often appear in rapid succession, usually following expansion cycles in the industry, significant changes in television talk occur more slowly. These changes have traditionally come about at the hands of a relatively small number of influential talk show hosts and programmers and have occurred within distinct periods of essay how to successful student, television history. Cycles of Talk: The History of the Television Talk Show. The term talk show was a relatively late invention, coming into use in the mid-1960s, but shows based on very good narrative various forms of essay student, spontaneous talk were a staple of broadcasting from its earliest days.

Radio talk shows of one kind or another made up 24% of all radio programming from writing l927 to l956, with general variety talk, audience participation, human interest, and panel shows comprising as much as 40-60% of the daytime schedule. Network television from about how to be a successful 1949 to 1973 filled over half its daytime program hours with talk programming, devoting 15 to 20% of its evening schedule to talk shows of one kind or another. Very Good Narrative. As the networks went into decline, their viewership dropping from 90% to 65% of the essay be a student, audience in the 1980s and early 1990s, talk shows were one form of programming that continued to expand on the networks and in syndication. By the summer of 1993 the television page of USA Today listed seventeen talk shows and essays movement, local papers as many as twenty-seven. In all, from 1948 to how to be a student, 1993 over two hundred talk shows appeared on the air.

These shows can be broken down into of world four cycles of be a student, television talk show history corresponding to four major periods of television history itself. The first cycle took place from 1948-62 and graders essays, featured such hosts as Arthur Godfrey, Dave Garroway, Edward R. Murrow, Arlene Francis, and Jack Paar. Essay How To Student. These hosts had extensive radio experience before coming to television and a picture is worth essay, they were the founders of television talk. During this time the about how to be a successful, talk show's basic forms--coming largely out of previous radio and very good, stage traditions--took shape. The second cycle covers the period from 1962 to 1972 when the networks took over from sponsors and advertising agencies as the dominant forces in talk programming. A small but vigorous syndicated talk industry grew during this period as well. In the 1960s and early 1970s three figures established themselves on essay about the networks as talk hosts with staying power: Johnny Carson, Barbara Walters, and Mike Wallace. Each was associated with a program that became an established profit center for causes war 1 their network and each used that position to how to be a successful, negotiate the fourth graders to write essays, sustained status with the essay about, network that propelled them into the 1970s and 1980s as a star of television talk. The third cycle of television talk lasted from 1970 to 1980.

During this decade challenges to network domination arose from a number of quarters. While the networks themselves were initiating few new talk shows by 1969, syndicated talk programming exploded. Causes Of World Dbq Essay. Twenty new talk shows went on the air in 1969 (up to then the average number of new shows rarely exceeded five). It was a boom period for television talk--and the time of the first nationally publicized talk show wars. New technologies of production (cheaper television studios and production costs), new methods of distribution (satellite transmission and cable), and key regulatory decisions by the FCC made nationally syndicated talk increasingly profitable and attractive to investors. Talk show hosts like Phil Donahue took advantage of the situation. Expanding from essay about how to successful 40 markets in 1974 to a national audience of 167 markets in 1979, Donahue became the nation's number one syndicated talk show host by the late 1970s. Other new talk show hosts entered the field as well. Writing A Film. Bill Moyers' Journal went on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in 1970, and William Buckley's Firing Line, which had appeared previously in syndication, went on PBS a year later. Essay About Be A Successful. Both Moyers and Buckley, representing liberal and writing essay, conservative viewpoints respectively, were to remain significant figures on public broadcasting for the next two decades.

During this time independent stations and station groups, first run syndication, cable and VCR's began to weaken the networks' once invincible hold over about be a successful, national audiences. The fourth cycle of television talk took place in the period from 1980 to 1992, a period that has been commonly referred to english essay, as the post-network era. Donahue's success in syndication was emulated by others, most notably Oprah Winfrey, whose Donahue-style audience participation show went into national syndication in about how to be a successful student 1986. Winfrey set a new record for syndication earnings, grossing over a hundred million dollars a year from the start of her syndication. She became, financially, the most successful talk show host on television. By the early 1980s the networks were vigorously fighting back.

Late Night with David Letterman and Ted Koppel's Nightline were two network attempts to win back audiences. Both shows gained steady ratings over time and established Koppel and Letterman as stars of television talk. Out of writing a film essay, each of these cycles of television talk preeminent talk show hosts emerged. Following the careers of these hosts allows us to we see how talk shows are built from essay about how to be a within by strong personalities and effective production teams, and teaching fourth, shaped from without by powerful economic, technological, and cultural forces. Regis Philbin and Kathie Lee Gifford. Paradigm Shifts in Late Night Entertainment: Carson to essay be a, Letterman. Johnny Carson, for a picture a thousand word thirty years the essay be a successful, King of Late Night, and his successor, David Letterman, were in many ways alike.

Their rise to fame could be described by the same basic story. A young man from America's heartland comes to the city, making his way through its absurdities and frustrations with feckless humor. This exemplary middle American is square and at the same time sophisticated, innocent, though ironic and irreverent. Straddling the worlds of common sense and show business, the young man becomes a national jester--and is good narrative so anointed by the press. The type Johnny Carson and David Letterman represent can be traced to essay about student, earlier archetypes: the Yankee character in very good narrative early American theater and the Toby character of nineteenth century tent repertory.

Carson brought his version of this character to television at the end of the Eisenhower and beginning of the Kennedy era, poking fun at American consumerism and politics in the late 1950s and 1960s. Letterman brought his own version of essay how to be a successful student, this sharp-eyed American character to the television screen two decades later at the beginning of the Reagan era. Is Worth A Thousand Word. By this time the youth revolts in the 1960s and 1970s were already on the wane, and Letterman replaced the politics of confrontation represented by the satire of essay successful, such shows as Saturday Night Live and SCTV with a politics of accommodation, removal, and irony. Essays On Black Movement. His ironic stance was increasingly acknowledged as capturing the voice of his generation and, whether as cause or effect, Letterman became a generational symbol. The shift from Carson to about successful student, Letterman represented not only a cultural change but a new way of essays, looking at television as a medium. About How To Be A Student. Carson's camera was rooted in a film the neutral gaze of the proscenium arch tradition; Letterman's camera roamed wildly and flamboyantly through the about how to be a successful, studio. Carson acknowledged the essays, camera with sly asides; Letterman's constant, neurotic intimacy with the essay how to be a student, camera, characterized by his habit of moving right up to the lens and to write essays, speaking directly into it, represented a new level of self-consciousness about the medium.

He extended the self-referentiality that Carson himself had promoted over about be a, the years on his talk show. Indeed, Letterman represented a movement from good what has been called a transparent form of television (the viewer taking for granted and looking through the forms of television: camera, lighting, switching, etc.) to an opaque form in which the technology and practices of the about how to be a successful student, medium itself become the focus of the show. Letterman changed late night talk forever with his post-modern irreverence and mocking play with the forms of television talk. Paradigm Shifts in the Daytime Audience Participation Talk Show: Donahue to Winfrey. When Oprah Winfrey rose to national syndication success in 1986 by challenging Phil Donahue in major markets around the country and a picture is worth a thousand word essay, winning ratings victories in many of be a successful student, these markets, she did not change the format of the audience participation talk show. That remained essentially as Donahue had established it twenty years before. What changed was the cultural dynamics of this kind of very essays, show and essay how to be a, that in turn was a direct reflection of the person who hosted it.

The ratings battle that ensued in 1986 was between a black woman raised by a religious grandmother and strict father within the fold of a black church in the South against essay narrative a white, male, liberal, Catholic Midwesterner who had gone to Notre Dame and been permanently influenced by the women's movement. Essay Student. As Jackie Robinson had broken baseball's color barrier four decades earlier, Oprah Winfrey broke the color line for national television talk show hosts in narrative essays 1986. She became one of the great Horatio Alger rags-to-riches story of the 1980s (by the early 1990s People Weekly was proclaiming her the successful, richest woman in show business with an a picture word, estimated worth of $200 million), and as Arsenio Hall and Bob Costas ended their six and seven year runs on television in about how to be a successful student the early 1990s, it became clear that Oprah Winfrey had staying power. She remained one of the few prominent talk show hosts of the 1980s to survive within the cluttered talk show landscape of mid-1990s. Several factors contributed to narrative, this success. Essay Be A. For one thing, Winfrey had a smart management team and very narrative, a full-press national marketing campaign to essay about how to be a successful, catapult her into competition with Donahue. Writing A Film Essay. The national syndication deal had been worked out by Winfrey' representative, attorney-manager Jeffrey Jacobs, and essay about successful student, King World's marketing plan was a classic one. Executives at King World felt the media would pounce on a war with Donahue so they created one.

The first step was to send tapes of Oprah's shows to focus groups in several localities to see how they responded. The results were positive. The next step was to narrative spm, show tapes to selected station groups--small network alliances of a half-dozen or more stations under a single owner. These groups would be offered exclusive broadcast rights. As the reactions began to come in, King World adjusted its tactics. Rather than making blanket offers, they decided to open separate negotiations in each city and market. How To Be A. The gamble paid off. Winfrey's track record proved her a hot enough commodity to win better deals through individual station negotiation. To launch Winfrey on the air King World kicked off a major advertising campaign. Media publications trumpeted Oprah's ratings victories over fourth graders, Donahue in Baltimore and Chicago. The Donahue-buster strategy was tempered by Winfrey herself, who worked hard not to how to successful student, appear too arrogant or conceited.

When asked about head-on competition with Donahue she replied that in a majority of markets she did not compete with him directly and is worth a thousand, that while Donahue would certainly remain the essay about how to student, king, she just wanted to be a part of the monarchy. By the time The Oprah Winfrey Show went national in September of 1986 it had been signed by essays movement over 180 stations--less than Donahue's 200-plus but approaching that number. As well as refined marketing and advertising techniques, cultural issues also featured prominently in Winfrey's campaign. Winfrey's role as talk show host was inseparable from about how to be a student her identity as an African American woman. Causes War 1 Dbq Essay. Her African American heritage and roots surfaced frequently in press accounts. One critic described her in be a student a 1986 Spy magazine article as capaciously built, black, and extremely noisy. These and other comments on her black style were not lost on Winfrey.

She confronted with the issue of race constantly and essays consciousness, was very conscious of her image as an African American role model. When a USA Today reporter queried Winfrey bluntly about the issue of essay about, race in August of 1986, asking her as someone who is not pencil-thin, white, nor blond, how she was transcending barriers that have hindered many in television, Winfrey replied as follows: I've been able to do it because my race and gender have never been an issue for me. I've been blessed in on black knowing who I am, and I am a part of a great legacy. I've crossed over on the backs of Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman, and Fannie Lou Hamer, and how to successful, Madam C.J.

Walker. Because of fourth to write, them I can now soar. Because of them I can now live the student, dream. Winfrey's remarks represent the double-voiced identity of many successful African American public figures. Is Worth A Thousand Word. Such figures, according to Henry Louis Gates, demonstrate 'his or her own membership in the human community and then . resistance to that community.' In the mid-1980s, then, the essay about successful, image of Oprah Winfrey as national talk show host played against both white and a thousand word essay, black systems of values and aesthetics. It was her vitality as a double-sign, not simply her role as an successful, Horatio Alger figure, that made her compelling to a national audience in the United States.

Hosts like Letterman and Winfrey played multiple roles. They were simultaneously star performers, managing editors, entrepreneurs, cultural symbols and setters of fourth graders essays, social trends. Of all the star performers who dot the landscape of television, the talk show host might have the most direct claim to the film director's status as auteur. Hosts like Letterman and Winfrey had to constantly re-invent themselves, in the words of Kenneth Tynan, to sustain themselves within the highly competitive world of network television. The talk show, like the daily newspaper, is often considered a disposable form. The first ten years of Johnny Carson's Tonight shows, for essay be a example, were erased by NBC without any thought to future use. Scholars have similarly neglected talk shows. News and teaching fourth to write, drama offered critics from the arts, humanities, and social sciences at least a familiar place to begin their studies.

Talk shows were different, truly synthetic creations of television as a medium. Nonetheless, talk shows have become increasingly important on television and their hosts increasingly influential. They speak to cultural ideas and ideals as forcefully as politicians or educators. National talk show hosts become surrogates for the citizen. Interrogators on the news or clown princes and jesters on entertainment talk shows, major television hosts have a license to question and essay how to be a student, mock--as long as they play within the very narrative, rules. An investigation of the about how to student, television talk show must, finally, delineate and examine those rules.

The first governing principle of the television talk show is that everything that occurs on the show is framed by the host who characteristically has a high degree of control over both the show and the production team. Writing A Film. From a production point of view, the essay about be a successful, host is the managing editor; from a marketing point of view, the host is the label that sells the consciousness movement, product; from an essay about how to be a successful student, power and organizational point of view, the fourth to write, host's star value is the essay how to be a successful student, fulcrum of power in contract negotiations with advertisers, network executives, and syndicators. Without a brand-name host, a show may continue but it will not be the a thousand word, same. A second principle of television talk show is that it is experienced in about how to successful student the present tense. This is on black true whether the show is live or taped as-if live in front of a studio audience. Live, taped, or shown in reruns, talk shows are conducted, and viewers participate in them, as if host, guest and viewer occupy the essay how to student, same moment. As social texts, television talk shows are highly sensitive to the topics of their social and cultural moment. These topics may concern passing fashions or connect to narrative, deeper preoccupations. Essay About How To Be A Successful Student. References to the O.J.

Simpson case on television talk shows in the mid-1990s, for example, reflected a preoccupation in the United States with domestic violence and issues of very narrative essays, gender, race, and class. Talk shows are, in this sense, social histories of their times. While it is host-centered, occurring in a real or imagined present tense, sensitive to how to student, the historical moment, and based on a form of public/private intimacy, the television talk show is essays on black consciousness movement also a commodity. Essay About Successful Student. Talk shows have been traditionally cheap to produce. In 1992 a talk show cost less than $100,000 compared to up to a million dollars or more for a picture word essay a prime time drama. By the essay about be a successful, early 1990s developments in video technology made talk shows even more economical to produce and touched off a new wave of essays on black consciousness, talk shows on the air. Still, the rule of the market place prevailed. A joke on Johnny Carson' final show that contained 75 words and ran 30 seconds was worth approximately $150,000--the cost to advertisers of a 30-second spot on that show. Essay How To Be A. Each word of the joke cost approximately $2000.

Though the rates of Carson's last show were particularly high, commercial time on television is always expensive, and an industry of network and station reps, time buyers and sellers work constantly to negotiate and manage the cost of talk commodities on the television market. If a talk show makes money over time, its contract will be renewed. Writing A Film Essay. If it does not, no matter how valuable or critically acclaimed it may be, it will be pulled from the air. A commodity so valuable must be carefully managed and planned. It must fit the commercial imperatives and time limits of for-profit television. Though it can be entertaining, even outrageous, it must never seriously alienate advertisers or viewers. As we can see from the examples above, talk shows are shaped by many hands and be a successful, guided by a clear set of essays, principles. How To Be A Student. These rules are so well known that hosts, guests and a picture is worth word essay, viewers rarely stop to think about essay student, them.

What appears to be one of consciousness, television's most unfettered and spontaneous forms turns out to, on closer investigation, one of its most complex and essay about how to be a, artful creations. -Bernard M. Timberg. MAJOR TALK SHOW HOSTS, 1948-94. Faye Emerson (1948-60), Arthur Godfrey (1948-61), Arlene Francis (1949-75), Dave Garroway (1949-61,69), Garry Moore (1950-77), Art Linkletter (1950-70), Steve Allen (1950-84), Ernie Kovacs (1951-61), Mike Wallace (1951-), Merv Griffin (1951-86), Edward R. Murrow (1951-59), Dinah Shore (1951-62, 1970-80), Jack Paar (1951-65,73), Mike Douglas (1953-82), Johnny Carson (1954-92), David Susskind (1958-87), Barbara Walters (1963-), David Frost (1964-5,69-73), William Buckley, (1966-), Dick Cavett(1968-72,75,77-82,85-86,92-), Joan Rivers (1969,83-), Phil Donahue (1970-), Bill Moyers (1971-), Tom Snyder (1973-82,94-), Geraldo Rivera (1974-), Ted Koppel (1979-), David Letterman (1980-), John Mclaughlin (1982-), Larry King (1983-), Oprah Winfrey (1986-), Sally Jesse Raphael (1986-), Arsenio Hall (1987-), Jane Pauley (1990-), Jay Leno (1992-), Ricki Lake (1992-). -Compiled by Robert Erler and Bernard Timberg. Carter, Bill. The Late Shift: Letterman, Leno, And The Network Battle For The Night. New York: Hyperion, 1994.

Corliss, Richard. The Talk Of Our Town. Essay Narrative. Film Comment (New York), January-February 1981. Donahue, Phil. Donahue: My Own Story. New York: Simon Schuster, 1979. Downs, Hugh. On Camera: My 10,000 Hours On Television.

New York: Putnam's, 1986. Heaton, Jeanne Albronda and Nona Leigh. Tuning In Trouble: Talk TV's Destructive Impact On Mental Health. Be A Student. San Francisco: Josey-Bass, 1995. Himmelstein, Hal.

Television Myth and the American Mind. New York: Praeger, 1995. Hirsch, Alan. Talking Heads: Political Talk Shows and Their Star Pundits. Teaching Fourth Graders. New York: St. Martin's, 1991. Latham, Caroline. The David Letterman Story: An Unauthorized Biography. Essay Be A Successful Student. New York: Franklin Watts, 1987. Letterman, David.

Interview. Playboy (Chicago), October 1984. Livingstone, Sonia, and Peter Lunt. Talk On Television: Audience Participation And Public Debate . London: Routledge, 1994. Metz, Robert. The Today Show . Essays On Black Movement. Chicago: Playboy, 1977. Munson, Wayne.

All Talk: The Talkshow In Media Culture. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press, 1993. Timberg, Bernard. The Unspoken Rules of Television Talk. In, Newcomb, Horace, editor.

Television: The Critical View. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Tynan, Kenneth. Successful Student. Show People. Is Worth A Thousand. New York: Simon Schuster, 1979. Priest, Patricia Joyner. Public Intimacies: Talk Show Participants And Tell-All TV.

Creskill, New Jersey: Hampton, 1995.

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