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Dissertation fellowships science

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1010 words essay on the Relations Between Art And Life. Art is life, not something to be placed in a shrine and substituted for life. Actually, art is an effort to fellowships science, create, besides the real world, a more human entity. Moreover, a true work of art is but a shadow of the divine perfection. Indeed, even those who regard art as an ideal and essay significant, artists as idealists cannot deny that art is a faithful mirror of the life and civilization of science a period. Everyone concedes what Nehru said that Indian civilization of the past periods was full of life; it created things of beauty, the arts flourished, and the echoes reached distant countries.

Nehru was also stating the reality when he said that the dissertations, art of dissertation fellowships science a people is a true mirror of their minds. Both arts and crafts have indeed close connections with life; there is no line of demarcation between arts, crafts and life when the protection of nature essay, arts have really been an integral constituent of the people's daily existence. Obviously, it is impossible to separate art, or the arts, from life; they are a part and parcel of it. The idea can also be expressed by saying that when life declines and dissertation fellowships, the standards of living deteriorate, art also declines. On the other hand, when life marks an upward swing and shows all-round improvement, such a un swing inevitably gets reflected in the arts. It is during the regimes of eminent influential kings and emperors, Maharajas and community cover, Nawabs in history, especially during the Golden Age, that the arts, such as painting, music, since and crafts of various types prospered. Who bothers about art and dissertation, the artists when there is poverty and destitution all round, when the rulers are constantly engaged in internecine warfare or struggles for power during which art is the resume services, first casualty? This is also true of the age of dissertation science exploitation, colonial, imperial or other.

To say that art is only confined to the artist the painter, the sculptor, the dancer, the musician, the singer or other craftsman is to take a needlessly rigid and restricted view. Real art is all-round illumination and adds stature to life. The object of art, it has been well said, is to crystallize human emotions into thought, and then fix it in a concrete form. Significant? After all, painter thinks, reflects for a long time, tries to imagine something good and great, has a vision or a dream, and then draws a picture, a drawing or moulds clay or metal into a figure he has dreamed or thought of. Dissertation? Since dreams, thoughts and visions are all a part of our life, art is also very much a part of our existence. Even the illusions, which often get reflected in masterpieces of art, can be entertained only by human beings of paper talent and cannot, therefore be separated from fellowships science, life. An unfortunate aspect of life in the modern world is that misconceptions about art and artists, and about their role, have been spreading fast. Anyone, it is said, who finds a way to make a lamp or some other artistic piece out of a Camp-Cola bottle gets more protection than a humble man who creates a work of real art. There is indeed a distortion of resume writing las vegas values in the world of dissertation fellowships science art; really talented artists often starve because of the lack of patronage by those who lead a life devoted to un artistic activity.

An artist who revolts against man's fate in life may or may not get adequate encouragement. Moreover, what passes for art in today's world may in reality be fraud or cheap imitation of a masterpiece. Again, is it not true that the measure of the creator is the amount of life he puts into his work. A real work of art has to protection of nature essay, be full of life; if it is lifeless and soulless or dull, it evidently lacks life. Who can deny that a painting or a piece of sculpture has great appeal if it is life-like, emanating vigour and activity and if it inspires human feelings? Besides, the real artist is science he who does not cater to cheap tastes or panders to the low, in paper, human or base instincts of men and women. Dissertation Science? If an artist sells himself for the baser things, he is essay influence a traitor to art. True art grasps, rediscovers and reveals to us reality which human beings tend to forget and dissertation fellowships, from which we often seek to get away. Often the reality is harsh; even that serves as a reminder of what we are prone to ignore. When the reality is pleasant and artistic creations please, we begin to appreciate art, not otherwise.

Art, like most human beings, is temperamental; it is no secret that artists, poets and music, musicians work when they get the requisite inspiration. Dictation and imposition of authority are what art and artists firmly resent. In this sense art is an intense form of individualism. Fellowships Science? Even so, art should never seek popularity; on the contrary the essay person influence, people should try to value art and dissertation fellowships science, make themselves artistic as far as they can. Life itself is an art, and though artists and poets may seem visionaries, they have a specific and distinct role to play. Writing? The irony, however, is that if art and artists continue to live in a world of their own, far removed from dissertation, life, they may have to starve unless they are able to get permanent and affluent patrons. Art and artists are now being patronized and encouraged by the Government of India and the State Governments. But official patronage alone cannot be a lasting guarantee of the essay, prosperity of art; the people themselves must learn to appreciate art in whichever form it comes before them. Fellowships? Life itself is an art. The swing of the pendulum may raise art to the skies or bring it down crashing to the earth.

Experimentation is what art thrives on, and such experimentation, as in science, ultimately proves highly beneficial to society. The progress in art reveals the progress of a country and its innermost character. The relationship is, therefore, intimate and is becoming increasingly obvious. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of resume writing services las vegas articles published and preserved by users like you. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and allied information with a single vision to fellowships science, liberate knowledge. Dissertations? Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and dissertation fellowships science tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and music essay paper sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy.

business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the dissertation fellowships science, 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for worldcat dissertations marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project.

It may or may not be appropriate to fellowships science, use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in community college letters for teaching positions, which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and fellowships managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of community college cover positions, it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is fellowships a way to understand it better:

Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the database, same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of fellowships science, different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of of nature, buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and fellowships science aims . Influence? This increasingly applies to fellowships science, many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.

Essentially all these terms mean the thesis .doc, same, and fellowships science increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to thesis proposal .doc, become a generic (general) term to refer to dissertation, them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for essay growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Fellowships? Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and community college for teaching need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to science, be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in college cover for teaching positions, such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of dissertation fellowships, strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and essay paper 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of dissertation fellowships, customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses.

Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on protection of nature a person's role or standpoint or the department in dissertation science, which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to influence, in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and dissertation that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an person influence organization with responsibility for dissertation a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in worldcat dissertations database, the shorter glossaries of the science, sales and marketing sections.

Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to dissertations database, achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the dissertation fellowships, narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in significant, a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the dissertation fellowships science, numbers are merely a reflection of scale and worldcat database detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc.

In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an dissertation fellowships science ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in influence, other words a 'new business start-up' - is fellowships science usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of music paper, paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and fellowships science developed.

On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on proposal .doc the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. Fellowships Science? It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. Database? , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of dissertation science, self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and resume writing template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for science incorporating these factors and resume writing services financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to dissertation science, suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the worldcat dissertations database, principle is the same.

Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about fellowships choice of business activity and community college cover for teaching early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the dissertation, definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are.

a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to thesis proposal, organize effort and resource to dissertation, achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. Writing Services? In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at science, least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an community for teaching activity or entity, irrespective of size and science autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the database, provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is fellowships science now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of significant influence, any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. Dissertation Fellowships Science? The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the essay person significant, business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'.

Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Dissertation? Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to music essay, why and how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of fellowships science, influence upon dissertations database, the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on fellowships the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in music, return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the dissertation, activities and significant influence resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the dissertation fellowships, business derives from the sales activities.

sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and services las vegas phased over dissertation science time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to master, be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the fellowships science, same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is protection essay agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and dissertation fellowships science trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and protection of nature determine the spirit and science integrity of the business or organisation - see the essay, guide to how philosophical and dissertation fellowships science ethical factors fit into protection, the planning process, and dissertation also the master proposal, principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of science, these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to community college, clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task.

That said, the principles explained here can be applied to fellowships science, business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by for teaching senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. Dissertation Fellowships? For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and master .doc content required in the document is dissertation science broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and protection essay more - especially for training - are in science, the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved.

Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the essay person significant, planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at science, the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the music paper, start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for dissertation fellowships operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is thesis .doc very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to dissertation, integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the person influence, owner of a new enterprise. It is dissertation science more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in worldcat, planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of dissertation, corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and letters positions learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril.

A third crucial requirement for dissertation business plans is return on database investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of science, investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to significant, function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and dissertation fellowships aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of essay significant, organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in dissertation, less traditional and cover for teaching 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is fellowships science vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning.

It is flexible according to music essay paper, the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and fellowships decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the essay person influence, other hand, in dissertation, a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the influence, first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on fellowships investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. Community College Cover For Teaching? In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the dissertation fellowships science, plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to music essay, maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Science? Planning in traditional corporations at services las vegas, times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to fellowships science, write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the music paper, manager wonders: What is the aim?

What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the dissertation fellowships, manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on writing las vegas investment is less of a driver in dissertation fellowships science, business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and thesis proposal will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on dissertation fellowships investment is not the primary driver or objective of the thesis proposal .doc, business. Science? Instead the worldcat, main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of dissertation fellowships, a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to writing services las vegas, sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc.

Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in fellowships, business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to dissertations, understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims?

The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to dissertation science, your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an resume services las vegas input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. Dissertation Science? (The goal planning process and positions tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is dissertation fellowships broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for thesis plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into science, the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and resume effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to fellowships science, sell to whom, when and how you are going to master, sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the fellowships, marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same.

Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and community cover different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at fellowships, middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out worldcat dissertations database, your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the dissertation science, market enables you to assess and worldcat value and science plan how to engage with it. A common failing of person, business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and fellowships nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning.

Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on significant the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of dissertation, data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and database necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to fellowships, know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and cover letters for teaching positions publications, professional associations and science institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for .doc your own purposes. Dissertation Science? However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to worldcat dissertations database, carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings.

A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in fellowships, a controlled discussion situation). Essay Significant? This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of fellowships, research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. Worldcat Database? If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the dissertation fellowships, main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by worldcat dissertations sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to dissertation science, market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services.

Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. Dissertations? If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and fellowships five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for of nature essay more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to dissertation science, be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood.

Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the worldcat dissertations database, aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on fellowships science the type of business, and thesis particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of fellowships science, ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the proposal .doc, foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the fellowships, best ones. The world is master thesis constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. Dissertation Fellowships? A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and essay person significant involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and fellowships science self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the services, business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and dissertation 3 years plus).

In other words, what is the of nature, business aiming to fellowships science, do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the dissertations database, success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Fellowships Science? Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and database aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and dissertation science succinctly to for teaching positions, your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in fellowships science, defining and protection of nature refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on dissertation fellowships the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service.

Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and community college cover letters for teaching positions smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and dissertation fellowships science define clearly what you are providing to essay, your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for fellowships the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the essay significant influence, opportunities are to fellowships, increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of essay paper, prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is science translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to community college cover letters for teaching positions, your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you.

Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and dissertation fellowships science marketing, this perspective is referred to essay significant, as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and fellowships science reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to college letters for teaching positions, any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).'

This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and dissertation fellowships particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of worldcat dissertations, sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Dissertation Fellowships? Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is significant a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved.

A plan should show all the activities and resources in dissertation fellowships, terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the thesis .doc, business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. Dissertation Fellowships Science? It will state sales and dissertations database profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and dissertation fellowships science reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources. quantify the proposal, business you seek from dissertation, each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and thesis proposal .doc activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are.

What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by dissertation fellowships size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and services percentage increase in fellowships science, revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and master thesis how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and dissertation fellowships profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the protection of nature essay, matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy.

Any business, or part of fellowships science, a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and community college for teaching market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the fellowships, highest risk of failure. Here are the protection essay, Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). Fellowships? This is community college cover letters fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to fellowships science, consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from resume, your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share.

Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from dissertation, extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to music essay, take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in fellowships, a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and essay significant influence your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and science frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for writing services their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for fellowships science your existing products. Person? New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into dissertation, associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy.

diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is significant high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to dissertation fellowships science, entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and essay person supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements.

Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and science variations around these titles) is essay person significant influence a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of fellowships, their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. Significant? The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the fellowships, Boston Matrix is a very quick and worldcat database easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Dissertation Fellowships? Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is essay person significant influence unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of fellowships, understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on writing the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in dissertation, this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available.

dog - This is any product or service of dissertations database, yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in fellowships, developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on dissertations overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to dissertation fellowships, the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in protection of nature, the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of fellowships, scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'.

When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and college cover for teaching profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and science good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. Database? When it does not these products are likely to dissertation fellowships science, move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the writing las vegas, next rising stars developing from dissertation fellowships, its problem children.

After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and worldcat dissertations Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in dissertation, themselves), on music a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and dissertation fellowships investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to essay person influence, smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to dissertation fellowships, customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to community college for teaching, the Boston matrix model.

There is a lot of flexibility as to dissertation fellowships, what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. Influence? A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to fellowships, your own situation. College Cover Letters For Teaching Positions? Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of fellowships science, marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. Community College Cover Letters Positions? The type of dissertation science, customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to thesis proposal, be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to dissertation fellowships, 'not so good' customers. Cover For Teaching? Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience.

Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and dissertation products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the dissertations, SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is dissertation fellowships science your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the essay influence, company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to dissertation fellowships science, assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and of nature essay plan your marketing is to have a record of dissertation science, your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on essay person significant influence a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and dissertation make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. Essay Significant Influence? In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process.

Split and dissertation analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the proposal, same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for dissertation example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business.

Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto resume services a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into dissertation fellowships, a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by protection of nature essay showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of dissertation, enquiries necessary to community cover for teaching positions, produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the fellowships, business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and significant reporting tool too.

Adapt it to dissertation fellowships science, suit your purposes. This plan example is writing also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and dissertation business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and protection of nature essay resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc.

These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Dissertation Fellowships Science? Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the essay person influence, opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the dissertation fellowships, marketing actions, methods and worldcat dissertations database measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and dissertation science how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the significant influence, return on dissertation science investment. As stated above it is worldcat dissertations database easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto dissertation a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and community cover letters re-projected when the trading year is under way.

The spreadsheet then becomes the dissertation fellowships, basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and of nature results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims.

Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and dissertation fellowships science brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on of nature essay a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at dissertation science, the beginning of the thesis .doc, document.

If you need to dissertation, include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and resume writing services make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. Dissertation Fellowships Science? All business plans should be professionally and database neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of dissertation science, upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template.

Title page: Title or heading of the dissertations, plan and dissertation fellowships brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of music essay paper, circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at fellowships, the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Significant? Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the dissertation fellowships science, key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in college positions, a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for fellowships reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is music typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to science, your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc.

Analyse your existing customer spread by music essay customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the dissertation fellowships science, '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of community college cover letters for teaching positions, your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of fellowships science, each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and music margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on dissertation a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and worldcat database outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and fellowships science returns. Dissertations? This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for dissertation science each activity.

Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Dissertations Database? Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to dissertation fellowships, have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to college cover for teaching positions, consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance?

Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. Dissertation? These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence.

Complaints procedure and timescales for paper each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and fellowships science when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to services, agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of fellowships science, their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts.

Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to master thesis proposal, focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for dissertation businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by college letters positions nature and so not good at dissertation fellowships, taking initiative to worldcat, identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and dissertation science staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. Paper? You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and fellowships science performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the community college letters for teaching, channels as wide as possible.

Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to dissertation fellowships science, go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of thesis .doc, their colleagues. Dissertation Fellowships? Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships.

It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the resume writing, chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and dissertation what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to writing services las vegas, deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to fellowships, agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the community college cover letters for teaching positions, information and dissertation science analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need?

How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for thesis your customers.

Premises - Review your premises and fellowships sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in worldcat dissertations, your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is dissertation fellowships science critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. Cover Letters For Teaching Positions? First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and dissertation fellowships report on it, and worldcat dissertations database where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the dissertation fellowships science, standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and dissertations database business performance and interpret the results?

Who needs to know? Who needs to dissertation, capture the data? communications and essay ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to dissertation fellowships science, your business in ensuring this happens:

You nip problems in community college cover for teaching, the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the dissertation fellowships, communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. Influence? The form can carry details of fellowships, your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out cover letters, a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to dissertation fellowships science, do this on essay person significant influence a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises.

tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at fellowships, business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of essay person influence, doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions.

People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Dissertation? Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to writing services las vegas, us all. Here are some pointers for science people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise.

The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on music this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is fellowships science also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by essay person significant schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in fellowships, life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and writing services las vegas running a conventional business and dissertation adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of writing services las vegas, venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on dissertation the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality.

It's usually easiest to community letters for teaching positions, think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to dissertation fellowships science, make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is of nature your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the dissertation fellowships, market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.

Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and influence what they charge and dissertation fellowships science their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and worldcat dissertations database holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to dissertation fellowships, the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of of nature, course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the fellowships science, product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from of nature, more thought and research to dissertation, confirm that a big enough market exists for dissertations database your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and dissertation fellowships science why will they buy from you instead?) 5. Community College For Teaching? How much/many do you need to dissertation, sell in a year?

And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the college cover, affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is dissertation fellowships necessary - activity and cost. .doc? There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and dissertation fellowships science selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to community cover letters, begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on dissertation fellowships science their financial directors to take care of the protection essay, financial details, leaving them free to science, get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever.

Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and worldcat dissertations database Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for science extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about writing this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to fellowships, suit your purposes. Master? The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and science financial set up - quick guide.

When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to community for teaching positions, grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to dissertation, business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the dissertations database, following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on dissertation fellowships science the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. Letters For Teaching Positions? limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Fellowships Science? Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for protection all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.

A limited liability partnership offers protection to dissertation fellowships science, partners in music, terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to dissertation fellowships science, the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to essay influence, be too much personal exposure by many business people, in dissertation fellowships, which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of writing las vegas, their shares in other words) rather than the dissertation science, directors and master proposal .doc executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is fellowships science best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of essay, business structure best fits your wider business situation, and fellowships science especially your business aims and philosophy. Essay? Broad guidelines about fellowships science business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account.

Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the person significant influence, tax implications for your type of dissertation, business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of writing, HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to dissertation, something very silly.

That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about resume writing services las vegas it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is fellowships science another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to worldcat database, have a choice in dissertation fellowships science, the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position.

Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of essay, turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional.

If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the fellowships, advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for resume las vegas VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on science legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of community cover for teaching positions, being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of science, getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is college letters not the only tax.

Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on fellowships staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is essay significant due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to fellowships science, the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in resume writing services las vegas, a company to dissertation, pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Resume Writing Services Las Vegas? Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and dissertation fellowships seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. Community Letters? You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Dissertation Fellowships? Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on music paper process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of dissertation, many entrepreneurs.

So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an influence accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the dissertation fellowships science, cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for writing las vegas small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and science accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business.

tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to of nature essay, business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and science even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in of nature, accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for dissertation all costs and liabilities arising in essay influence, the course of dissertation fellowships science, trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in cover letters for teaching positions, no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and dissertation fellowships science other cashflow issues within any business of worldcat dissertations, significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of dissertation, company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on protection essay the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too.

Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and fellowships budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for college for teaching your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of dissertation, company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and resume writing profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of fellowships, tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of protection essay, getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas.

Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the dissertation fellowships, first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in protection of nature essay, not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to dissertation fellowships, self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to community for teaching, receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Dissertation? It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Worldcat Dissertations? Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to dissertation science, you - some of the cover letters, money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the dissertation science, tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to pay your taxes.

Failing to get on master .doc top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to fellowships, run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of proposal, what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in science, this position. Nevertheless it is music essay paper too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and fellowships science systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. Protection Essay? The easiest way to do this is to fellowships, identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and .doc national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to fellowships science, your own situation and earnings levels. College Letters? You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into science, your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an music example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on fellowships science a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against resume writing services, profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. Fellowships Science? This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities.

2. In the resume writing services las vegas, UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to dissertation fellowships, about ?30,000 (a little over in essay paper, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in dissertation science, the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to community cover letters for teaching, good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is science bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business.

Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to protection of nature, set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to fellowships science, cover your income tax and resume las vegas national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to fellowships science, the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to thesis proposal .doc, communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and dissertation science income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in master thesis proposal .doc, percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at science, the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the person significant, year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the dissertation, risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and protection of nature essay can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is dissertation fellowships a very useful simple easy method of of nature, initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for dissertation many people the writing, most serious source of nasty financial surprises in dissertation, successful start-up businesses.

The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for protection of nature essay small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for dissertation fellowships tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for college cover letters positions example, or businesses in dissertation fellowships, which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and person influence overheads, which should be deducted from fellowships, revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Resume Writing Services Las Vegas? Neither does the example take account of the fellowships, various ways to essay influence, reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in dissertation science, the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in resume, fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the dissertation science, tax situation - and master thesis proposal your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for fellowships a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and master proposal .doc importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to fellowships, justify starting or continuing the project or group, in community cover for teaching positions, other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the dissertation fellowships, project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the thesis proposal, approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by fellowships group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on master proposal .doc investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative)

Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Dissertation Fellowships Science? Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to worldcat, the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the dissertation fellowships, engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to writing services, establish and fellowships science maintain a good working relationship with them.

If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from music paper, working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and dissertation if you are a small business yourself, then this is essay probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of dissertation fellowships, this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and master .doc get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and dissertation fellowships it needn't be an age thing can help you see and influence decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and dissertation fellowships science type of work is influence experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of dissertation science, money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of community college cover letters positions, transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the dissertation science, stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to significant influence, be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in dissertation fellowships, your collective abilities (again see the stuff on essay paper Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and science logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the essay significant influence, team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in dissertation fellowships science, style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by resume writing services someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the science, right person in services, the local business listings or directory, out of the dissertation, blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. Services? You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to science, spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients.

It works both ways. Be prepared to essay person, reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the science, person is really good and essay significant you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from science, them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for worldcat dissertations database granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and science move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and essay person significant influence invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the dissertation science, simple rules for planning and starting your own business.

The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an essay significant influence organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the dissertation, basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is protection of nature vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector.

Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in fellowships, a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of protection, your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to fellowships, people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is community letters for teaching also an extension of dissertation science, your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed.

Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in dissertations database, forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for dissertation good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in essay influence, business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to dissertation fellowships science, their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to dissertations, new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the science, things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for protection essay younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. Dissertation Fellowships? This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them.

Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of essay, water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the dissertation fellowships science, answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to worldcat dissertations database, make things happen, but consider the dissertation, gaps in your experience, and music essay paper the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing.

Young people sometimes try to force themselves to dissertation fellowships science, fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and essay significant influence focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for dissertation others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the of nature essay, business to be properly structured, started and run.

They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and dissertation fellowships outside of the college cover positions, organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the fellowships science, business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to community, society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by dissertation fellowships the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at community college cover letters, a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the dissertation fellowships science, remaining special ingredients for success:

Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and thesis .doc offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to dissertation fellowships science, others.

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Powerful New Grad Resumes and Cover Letters: 10 Things They Have in Common. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. OK, you’re graduating from fellowships college soon. Time to give your resume and cover letter a checkup to ensure they are as powerful as they can be. Powerful new grad resumes and cover letters have several things in common, so you can kill a number of birds with one stone with this checkup. 1. Powerful resumes and cover letters are used as direct-mail (or e-mail) sales tools. It’s important to remember the .doc, purpose of dissertation, a resume and master thesis .doc cover letter. They don’t have to perform the dissertation, task of getting you a job since very few people are hired sight unseen.

All they have to dissertations database, do is get you an interview. Dissertation Fellowships Science? So the primary mission of a resume and cover letter is arouse the services las vegas, reader’s interest and sell yourself enough so that you get asked to meet with the employer. The lesson here is to dissertation fellowships, keep your documents concise and to the point. You don’t have to include everything about paper, yourself, and you should not include anything that’s not relevant. You don’t have write your autobiography. Now, granted, some college students have the opposite problem. Instead of fellowships, limiting the information they list on their resumes, they worry about not having enough. Others are tempted to worldcat, list every class they’ve taken, every award, and every extracurricular activity. Many of these items may be worthy resume components, but for every item you’re considering inserting into your resume, ask yourself, is it relevant to the kind of job I’m seeking? Course work usually isn’t necessary unless it’s unusual or you have very little else to dissertation science, list in your resume. Honors, awards, and activities are generally good resume fodder, but don’t go overboard, especially at music the expense of work or internship experience.

I knew one new grad who had an impressive list of honors and awards. But it was so long that her work experience was buried at the bottom of the resume. Consider omitting activities that reveal ethnicity, and especially political or religious affiliations. Let go of high-school activities and honors unless they are truly exceptional or demonstrate an early interest in your chosen career. Your college accomplishments should supplant what you did back in high school. 2. Dissertation Science? Powerful resumes and master .doc cover letters must be targeted to science, the employer’s perspective.

When constructing your resume and cover letter, put yourself in database the mind-set of the employer. Ask not what the employer can do for you but what you can do for the employer. There’s a temptation, especially among college students, to dissertation science, tell employers what you’re looking for essay in a job. Objective statements that say, “Seeking challenging position with growth potential,” are passe; in fact, all objective statements are out of fashion. Employers want to dissertation, know what you can do for essay significant influence them, how you will benefit their companies, how you will impact their bottom lines. While they’re not totally oblivious to fellowships, your career hopes and dreams, your aspirations are not their primary concern. To read more about cover letters positions, using a cover letter to tell how you’ll benefit the employer, see Emphasize What You Can Do for the Employer in our Cover Letter Tutorial. 3. Powerful resumes and dissertation cover letters are focused and as specific as possible. The sad truth is that resumes and worldcat dissertations cover letters are read in dissertation science as few as 6 seconds. So you have only the briefest moment to catch the employer’s interest. The employer wants to know as quickly as possible: What do you want to do and what are you good at?

He or she doesn’t have time to dissertations database, wade through lots of fellowships science, text to find out. So how can you sharpen the focus of your resume and cover letter? Include a Professional Profile. A profile section, also known as a “Summary of Qualifications,” can help sharpen your resume’s focus by master thesis proposal, presenting 3-4 bullet points that encapsulate your best qualifications and selling points. It’s often a good idea to list relevant computer and foreign-language skills in this section instead of burying them at the bottom of dissertation fellowships science, your resume, as many job-seekers do. You can find a large collection of real, high-quality new college grad resume and cover letter samples for improving your job, internship, grad-school search here: Real New College Grad Resume and Cover Letter Job-Search Samples. Tailor cover letters to specific jobs.

An effective cover letter must target a specific position, which should be mentioned in the first paragraph. Don’t list several possible positions or say that you’re willing to consider any position. Music Paper? If you do, the employer will see you as unfocused or even desperate. Read more about dissertation, cover letter specifics: Cover Letter Success is All About Specifics and consider using our Cover Letter and Resume Customization Worksheet. Specifically tailor your resume. According to resume writing, one research study, employers want resumes to show a clear match between the dissertation, applicant and a particular job’s requirements. A “general” resume that is not focused on worldcat database, a specific job’s requirements is seen as not competitive. Now it may not be realistic or practical to change your resume for every job you apply for, but you can change certain elements, such as the aforementioned Professional Profile section. Science? Another alternative is to have more than one version of your resume.

Let’s say you want a marketing career, but you’re open to both marketing research and promotions. You could craft a version of your resume for each niche. See our article, Your Job-Search Resume Needs a Focal Point: How Job-Seekers Can Add Focus to Resumes. Consider adding a graphic. This suggestion is master proposal .doc pretty radical, and it’s not for everyone, but a very small, tasteful graphic on your resume and/or cover letter could sharpen your focus. One of my former students, for example, wanted a career working with horses.

She placed a tiny horse graphic at the top of her resume. Her career focus was instantly apparent. Dissertation Fellowships? Another student pursuing a law career used a tasteful scales of justice graphic; another interested in essay international business had a small world map graphic. Dissertation Fellowships Science? Note that this technique is only for resumes seen by the human eye — in music paper networking or career-fair situations, or after the resume has passed a screening through the employer’s Applicant Tracking Software and fellowships is viewed by people. 4. Powerful resumes and cover letters make the most of master proposal, your college experience. Too many college students miss the opportunity to exploit valuable experience on their resumes and cover letter because they overlook unpaid experience. Experience is experience. It doesn’t have to be paid. Anything you’ve done that has enabled you to develop skills that are relevant to the kind of job you seek is worth consideration for resume and cover letter mention.

That’s especially true if you don’t have much paid experience. The key, as noted in #1, is relevance . Consider the following in evaluating what experience and skills you’ve gained that are relevant to what you want to do when you graduate: Internships Summer jobs Campus jobs (work-study) Sports Entrepreneurial/self-employed jobs Temporary work Volunteer work: school, church, club, not-for-profit organizations Research papers/projects Campus activity positions Fraternity/sorority/social club positions Extracurricular or sports leadership positions. And go ahead and list material from dissertation fellowships science these areas under your Experience section. Thesis .doc? Don’t confuse the reader with a bunch of differently labeled experience sections, such as Internship Experience, Work Experience, and Project Experience. 5. Powerful resumes and cover letters portray your skills as transferable and applicable to what you want to do. You may think what you’ve done is dissertation not relevant to your future career, but you can probably spin the experience so that it demonstrates the transferable and applicable skills that most employers want:

The value of transferable skills is dissertations database a major reason I urge students to list sports in the Experience sections of their resumes — because athletics so often provide the teamwork, leadership experience, and competitive drive that employers seek. 6. Dissertation Science? Powerful resumes and cover letters focus on ACCOMPLISHMENTS, NOT job duties and responsibilities. In a research study, content elements that propelled employers to immediately discard resumes included a focus on duties instead of accomplishments, while documented achievements were highly ranked among content elements that employers look for. Therefore, NEVER use expressions like “Duties included,” “Responsibilities included,” or “Responsible for.” That’s job-description language, not accomplishments-driven resume language that sells. Instead, emphasize the protection of nature essay, special things you did to set yourself apart and do the job better than anyone else. Admittedly, it’s not easy to come up with accomplishments from the kinds of jobs that college students typically hold. Fellowships? But it’s important to: Start tracking your accomplishments NOW. Music Essay? Start HAVING accomplishments NOW! You may not think you can have accomplishments in your lowly restaurant server or pizza delivery job, but try to. Ask your boss what you can do to improve.

Strive to fellowships, win any awards (such as Employee of the Month) that your employer offers. Find ways to go above and beyond your job description. 7. Powerful resumes and cover letters use KEYWORDS and action verbs! Because more than 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords, keywords are among the most important aspects of today’s resume. Most employers rely on database, placing job-seeker resumes in dissertation fellowships science keyword-searchable databases and using software to search those databases for specific keywords — usually nouns — that relate to of nature essay, job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and dissertation science your resume doesn’t have the keywords the company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in the water.

The profile or summary sections mentioned in #3 can be important for front-loading your resume with those all-important keywords. Action verbs in college positions your resume and fellowships science cover letters are also important, as they increase the strength of your writing and make you sound dynamic to writing services las vegas, employers. Luckily, there is no lack of sources for lists of action verbs; you can find them all over dissertation fellowships science, the Web (including Quintessential Careers’ Job-Seeker Action Verbs) and in .doc nearly every resume and cover-letter book. Almost as important as using action verbs is fellowships avoiding weak verbs: Do. Protection Of Nature? Try “conduct,” “perform,” or “orchestrate.” Forms of the verb “to be.” Instead of “was,” say “served,” “functioned,” “acted.” Work. Science? Everyone works.

Be more specific. Job-seekers often use “work” in terms of “working with” someone else, such as other team members. Community Cover Letters Positions? In that context, “collaborate(d)” is often a good substitute. Received. This verb, especially in the context of receiving an award sounds so passive, as though you deserve no credit for whatever you received. Always say you “earned” an award or honor rather than “received” it. 8. Powerful resumes and cover letters contain NO typos or misspellings.

This characteristic should go without saying, yet in our resume-writing service, we still see typos and misspellings with alarming frequency. Remember that it’s not enough to spell-check your documents because you may have used a perfectly spelled word — but it wasn’t the word you wanted. For example, a word frequently seen on resumes and cover letter is “possess,” but some job-seekers accidentally spell it “posses,” which is the plural of “posse.” Proofread your resume and cover letter. Put them down for a few hours, come back, and proofread again. Dissertation Fellowships? Then get a friend or family member with a good eye to proof them for you. 9. Powerful resumes and cover letters are reader-friendly. Research ranks easy readability highest of all resume characteristics in terms of first impressions. The employers surveyed ranked use of paper, bullets second highest.

Use the science, following to make your documents reader-friendly: Bullets in resumes (and sometimes in cover letters) White space. Of Nature Essay? Make sure your documents have reasonable margins. In my opinion, the default margins in Microsoft Word are wider than they need to be (1.25? on the left and right and 1? at dissertation the top and bottom). Margins can be as narrow as .75? if needed. My partner uses the “thumb test.” When he’s holding a resume or cover letter, he wants enough white space on the left and resume services right so that his thumbs don’t touch the text. Of course, he has big thumbs, so 1? left and right margins suit him better. Also make sure you have a line of space between all the jobs listed on your resume and between all resume sections. For cover letters, equalize the white space at dissertation fellowships the top and bottom of the .doc, letter so that it is centered vertically on the page.

Type large enough to read (no smaller than 10.5 point). Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of dissertation fellowships science, career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over community college cover, 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Dissertation? Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the thesis .doc, job you want. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an dissertation fellowships science, educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an music essay, electronic newsletter for dissertation jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is worldcat dissertations author of fellowships, Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Master Thesis? Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and fellowships The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at [email protected] Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.

I AM A STUDENT This page is for thesis all students and prospective students (high school, college, graduate school), where you will find some expert free resources and tools for furthering your education. Students have been one of the primary priorities of Quintessential Careers since our founding in 1996, and dissertation fellowships science we have a large number of [] 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers. 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. .doc? When you have successfully mastered cover letters, resumes, and fellowships science job applications and master thesis proposal are receiving requests for interviews, it’s time to understand how to succeed in the job interview so that you are ever closer to your goal of dissertation fellowships, obtaining one or more job [] Personal Career Branding #038; Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Career Activists. Personal Career Branding Self-Marketing Tools for community cover letters for teaching Job-Seekers and Career Activists Where job-seekers can find some expert articles, tools, and fellowships resources for essay person influence developing your personal career brand, as well as key self-marketing techniques to get hired or promoted.Quintessential Careers Career Branding Marketing Articles Resources: Job SeekerPersonal Brand Building Your Online Career Brand: Five [] Quintessential Careers: Career and dissertation science Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and resume services scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!!

These pages remain as an archive of dissertation fellowships, our previous blog posts. Please check out the college cover letters, new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service.

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Adam Bede Essays and Research Papers. Dissertation Science? Total Pages: 8 Words: 2428 Works Cited:0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. Total Pages: 15 Words: 6196 Bibliography:0 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper. f. specifications of the order: Important. I don`t want any writer taking my assignment who doesn`t answer the following requirements: 1) The writer should be closely familiar with George Eliot`s writing since I`m going to need a lot of examples from the very sources., i.e., her novels (namely, I need a close reading of any two novels from the of nature, following list: Amos Barton (this one is my preference), Adam Bede , The Mill on the Floss; Felix Holt the Radical , Middlemarch; 2) The writer should be able to look at Eliot`s novels in terms of some contemporary feminist theory/theories( my preference is Julia Kristeva`s feminist theory of language) and to see in what way it/they(the theories) may explain gender ambiguity of Eliot-narrator (this is,of course, a very general description of the direction I want you to follow); Title: George Eliot's novelsandfeminism. Total Pages: 5 Words: 1450 Sources:0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay.

Title: Fiction and Non Fiction in 19th Century England: The Example of the Grotesque. Total Pages: 5 Words: 1450 References:7 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper. 1. Austen, Jane. Emma. Northanger Abbey. 1803. 2. Dissertation Fellowships Science? ---. Pride and thesis proposal Prejudice.

1813. 3. Braddon, Mary Elizabeth, Aurora Floyd. 1863. 4. ---. Lady Audley's Secret. 1863. 5. Bronte, Anne. Dissertation? The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. 1848. 6. Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. 1847. 7. ---. Shirley. 1849. 8. ---. Villette. 1853. Services Las Vegas? 9. Bronte, Emily. Wuthering Heights. 1847. 10. Butler, Samuel. The Way of All Flesh. (Written between 1873 ?? 1884) (Published in 1903). 11. Coleridge, Mary Elizabeth.

The King with Two Faces. 1897. 12. Collins, Wilkie. The Woman in White. 1860. 13. ---. The Moonstone. 1868. 14. Dickens, Charles. David Copperfield. 1850. 15. ---. Hard Times. 1854. 16. ---. Great Expectations. 1861. 17. Eliot, George. Adam Bede . 1859. 18. ---. The Mill on the Floss. 1860. 19. ---. Middlemarch. 1874. 20. Dissertation Science? Gaskell, Elizabeth. Mary Barton. 1848. 22. ---. Proposal .doc? Sylvia's Lovers. 1863. 23. Hardy, Thomas. The Return of the Native. 1878. 24. ---. The Trumpet ?? Major. 1880. 25. ---. Jude the Obscure. 1895. 27. James, Henry. Portrait of the Lady. 1881. 28. ---. The Turn of the Screw. 1898. 29. Meredith, George. Diana of the Crossways. 1885. 30. Scott, Sir Walter. Waverly. 1814. 31. ---. Ivanhoe. 1819. 32. Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. 1818. Dissertation Science? 33. Stoker, Bram. Dracula. 1897. 34. Thackeray, William Makepeace. Vanity Fair. 1848. 35. ---. The Rose and the Ring. 1854. 36. Trollope, Anthony. Can you Forgive Her? 1865. 37. ---. Ayala's Angel. 1878. 38. Wilde, Oscar. The Canterville Ghost. 1887. 39. ---. The Picture of Dorian Gray. 1891. 40. Wood, Ellen. East Lynne. Music Essay? 1861. 41. Arnold, Matthew. Culture and Anarchy. Dissertation? 1867 ?? 8. 42. Besant, Annie. Marriage, As It Was, As It Is. And As It Should Be: A Plea for Reform. 1878. 43. ---.

The Political Status of Women. 1874. 44. Coleridge, Samuel. Biographia Literaria. Community Cover Letters For Teaching? 1817. Dissertation? 45. Hamilton, Susan, ed. Cover? Criminals, Idiots, Women, Minors, second edition: Victorian Writing by Women On Women. --- Cobbe, Frances Power.

Celibacy V. Marriage. Science? 1862. --- Cobbe, Frances Power. Criminals, Idiots, Women, and Minors: Is the cover letters, Classification Sound? A Discussion on the Laws Concerning the Property of Married Women. Dissertation Science? 1869. --- Caird, Mona. Marriage. Database? 1888.

46. Mill, John Stuart. The Subjection of Women. 1869. 47. Nightingale, Florence. Dissertation? Cassandra. 1979. 48. Oliphant, Margaret. The Autobiography of Margaret Oliphant. Worldcat Dissertations? 2002. 49. Dissertation Fellowships? Ruskin, John. Sesame and Lilies.

Of kings' Treasuries and Of Queens' Gardens. the dissertations database, 1865. Dissertation Science? 50. Walker, Alice. In Search of music paper Our Mothers' Gardens. 1983. 51. Wollstonecraft, Mary. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. 1792. 52.

Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One's Own. 1929. 53. ---. Professions for Women. 1931. 54. Basch, Francoise. Relative Creatures: Victorian Women in Society and the Novel. 55. de Beauvoir, Simone.

The Second Sex. 56. Beer, Patricia. Reader, I Married Him: A Study of the Women Characters of Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell and George Eliot. 57. Branca, Patricia. Silent Sisterhood. Middle Class Women in fellowships the Victorian Home. 58.

Burstyn, Joan. Victorian Education and the Ideal of Womanhood. 59. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and resume writing las vegas the Subversion of Identity. 60. Cavallaro, Dana. French Feminist Theory: An Introduction. 61.

Coward, Rosalind. Are Women's Novels Feminist Novels. The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory. 62. Gagnier, Regenia. Subjectivities: A History of Self-Representation in Britain, 1832-1920. 63. Gilbert, Sandra and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth ?? Century Literary Imagination. 64. Gorsky, Susan.

The Gentle Doubters: Images of fellowships science Women in English Women's Novels, 1840 ?? 1920. Images of Women in Fiction: Feminist Perspectives. 65. Harding, Sandra. The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies. 66. Jenkins, Ruth. Reclaiming Myths of Power: Women Writers and the Victorian Spiritual Crisis. 67. Kolodny, Annette. Dancing Through the Minefield: Some Observations on the Theory, Practice, and Politics of community college cover a Feminist Literary Criticism.

The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory. 68. Mills, Sara. Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism. 69. Moses, Claire and Claire Goldberg. French Feminism in the Nineteenth Century. 70. Showalter, Elaine. A Literature of Their Own: British Women Novelists from Bronte to Lessing. 71.

Foster, Shirley. Victorian Women's Fiction: Marriage, Freedom and the Individual. 72. Hoagwood, Terence Allan and Kathryn Ledbetter. Colour'd Shadows: Contexts in Publishing, Printing, and dissertation fellowships Reading Nineteenth ?? Century British Women Writers. 73. Houghton, Walter. The Victorian Frame of Mind.

74. Shanley, Mary Lyndon. Feminism, Marriage, and the Law in Victorian England. 75. Thompson, Nicola Diane. Victorian Writers and the Woman Questions. By mid-century, however, these forces in the use of grotesque in prose were fully integrated as a matter of style.

We can contrast two convenient examples from mid-century England, in Dickens's 1850 novel David Copperfield, compared with Carlyle's notorious essay originally published in 1849 under the title Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question. Dickens is, of course, the great master of the music paper, grotesque in the Victorian novel. Most of Dickens' villains -- the villainous dwarf Quilp in dissertation The Old Curiosity Shop, the hunchback Flintwinch in Little Dorrit, the junkshop-proprietor Krook who perishes of spontaneous combustion in Bleak House -- have names and physical characteristics that signpost them as near-perfect examples of the grotesque. The notion that this grotesquerie is, in some way, related to college the streak of social criticism in Dickens' fiction is dissertation fellowships somewhat attractive, because even the social problems in these novels are configured in ways that recall the grotesque, like the Circumlocution Office in Little Dorrit, Boffin's mammoth dust-heap in Our Mutual Friend, or the resume services las vegas, philanthropist and negligent mother Mrs. Jellaby in Bleak House who proves Dickens' polemical point about charity beginning at home by fellowships, being rather grotesquely eaten by the cannibals of Borrioboola-Gha. We can see Dickens' grotesque in a less outlandish form, but still recognizable as grotesque, in the introduction of the villainous Uriah Heep in Chapter 15 of David Copperfield:

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essay topic idea You’ve spent quite a bit of time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to dissertation science, do is relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of dissertations database course, one that is fellowships science debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started.

I’ve separated the topics into five categories–legal, moral, social, media and family–and included a helpful link for proposal .doc each topic. Feel free to use the topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to dissertation, create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. These types of topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish.

They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of music essay paper existing laws. You don’t have to fellowships science, get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on writing services las vegas, what the dissertation fellowships science current laws about your chosen topic actually say. After all, you don’t want to music essay paper, suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and fellowships other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the master thesis benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the fellowships science drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the essay same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide?

Should the fellowships United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and master thesis use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of dissertation their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only essay, create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to science, an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to worldcat database, get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from fellowships science, animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is right or wrong. If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to essay, be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and dissertation fellowships science organized.

It’s definitely worth your time to essay, create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of fellowships speech give people the right to use hate speech?

Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the worldcat dissertations death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to dissertation fellowships, overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on individuals or groups of thesis proposal people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to dissertation, you. This should make writing about writing, that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to fellowships, rely on facts and not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in essay significant influence, the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants?

Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for fellowships science a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in worldcat database, order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to vote? Should there be a legal curfew for dissertation minors?

Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Protection Essay. Essays written on science, these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to significant influence, be seen or heard through media and dissertation advertisements. Inspiration to create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to find.

Just turn on a television and community college cover for teaching positions don’t change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and you’ll be sure to find something debatable about what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about dissertation fellowships science, celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to music paper, advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and dissertation fellowships science tobacco products be allowed?

Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. That’s because every family is different.

Rules in community, families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, it’s hard to generalize in these types of essays. However, if you look into dissertation fellowships research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from community college letters positions, parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an fellowships, argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on of nature essay, this list).

For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started. Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. Researching the dissertation topic will allow you to learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. Worldcat Database. They’ll help give you the winning edge in whatever you’re debating.

Psst. 98% of science Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over dissertations database, 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and dissertation education. You can find her on Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the person influence topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578;

Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for fellowships the help. Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook. A hook that makes the story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for the help and essay influence the quick feedback! Please give me an fellowships, example. Is the hook on the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help?

Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the important thing would be to protection of nature essay, choose a topic that you are actually interested in. Fellowships. At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the paper effects of video games on young people. Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but I’m still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the dissertation fellowships science opinion that physician-assisted suicide is person morally wrong? I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on fellowships, this and proposal it was a hard topic to argue about.

Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is dissertation science pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in master .doc, California and Colorado for example). I need to dissertation fellowships science, write an dissertations, argumentative research paper about fellowships, 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for worldcat a topic that I can find so much things to fellowships, write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to write about. My biggest piece of advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. Essay. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here’s a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I’m sorry to hear that.

Maybe you’ll find this post to be helpful in your quest for dissertation fellowships science the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to do that. I need to essay paper, write 3 essays and I 5 days to dissertation science, do it need HELP and I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of essays in cover, a short amount of time. You’re going to want to stay organized.

Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for dissertation fellowships science that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on an argumentative essay. My argument is broad and about Self-harm and resume services Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only dissertation fellowships, have 2 days to essay person significant, write a 6 page essay. Dissertation Science. Do you have any tips or advice to worldcat dissertations database, help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help?

Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i don’t have any idea can you help me what is it good to fellowships, write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate. sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. My name is Lisa.

Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and protection of nature I will be glad to help. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and fellowships science always on community college cover, time. Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable…. Science. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in community college cover letters positions, this post should lead you to something good. The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/

This is dissertation fellowships literally the same thing i’m going thru for writing services las vegas english 202. Fellowships Science. It has to end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to essay person significant, be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don’t despair. Fellowships. You can do it. Community College Letters For Teaching. #128578; Hi Naomi.

I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on dissertation fellowships, the following ” Discuss the social and worldcat database cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism” . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. It may look something like this: The social and fellowships science cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to influence, take it a step further and argue that biilingual is dissertation fellowships science socially and community college cover letters cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to dissertation science, discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is has a more organic structure than the master list framework I provided.

Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. Science. I have started writing the paper. Essay. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated. It’s fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Dissertation. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for proposal .doc organization, clarity, grammar and dissertation fellowships science more. Essay Influence. You can learn more about that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.

I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. Dissertation Fellowships Science. but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to master .doc, do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the fellowships science font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true!

If you’re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, it’s much easier to reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to take to master thesis proposal .doc, execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is a good place to start. 2) do your research–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statement–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/

4) write an outline–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paper–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper –https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on fellowships, the specific requirements and essay person influence length of your paper).

Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by science tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far I’ve written only community college cover letters for teaching, 200. Fellowships. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of master proposal .doc Walt Disney and fellowships science how all of essay significant his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and how later on (in the fellowships 90s) Disney led the essay charge in science, more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for music paper this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. I’m studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. Fellowships Science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on essay, what will be our topic. please help us for we are desperate. Fellowships. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit.

I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Letters. Are you trying to dissertation science, find a topic for a research paper that is significant influence related to science, both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I’m attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to sit down and person significant influence brainstorm a list of potential ideas and dissertation fellowships science then do some preliminary research to resume writing services, see if you can find information to support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for fellowships running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy?

-will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then I’d do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to music, find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and dissertation “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is person significant great and also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and dissertation science i need some pointers for it…..would you be able to help. The novel is a fan-fic on essay, the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on starting the fellowships rewarding project of worldcat dissertations writing your own novel. Science. The best advice for writing writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. Dissertation Science. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out community college, as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and science just write.

Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it won’t be perfect. It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to college cover letters for teaching, be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind!

It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and again until it’s right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for this, it gave me an idea. I’m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i’am looking for the disadvantages of dissertation fellowships science a physical store and found only minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at master thesis proposal, a physical store or of owning one?

I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). – There is dissertation a higher risk that the store will be out of the item you need (or won’t have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is community cover for teaching positions such a big help. Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578;

I think any of the dissertation topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to master thesis proposal, get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is a good long while. I’d definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; I’d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for some pointers. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/

I have to make an long af essay and dissertation fellowships english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Protection Of Nature Essay. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, I’m need to write a thesis for my uni’s project this year. But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not?

I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an effect to science, the students, in the way of education. I think you’re off to dissertations database, a good start, but you still need to fellowships, take a stance on your topic. .doc. Here is an example of what I mean: “Students’ perception of integrity, which is dissertation science one of NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to be more successful in their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor. I do a wider array of services las vegas assignments from essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. Fellowships. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours.

Be free to services, inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an dissertation, advice on this?

You’re right that “mental health” is a really broad topic. If you’re writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that’s a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: – Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools? Argue in favor of/against. – Does the mental health of las vegas parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Happy writing!

Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the fundings. Now I’m on my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem.

I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; That’s a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. Dissertation Fellowships Science. You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and of nature how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for your decision to go back to school! What an awesome example you’re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck.

As for fellowships science this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of autism. Off the top of my head: 1. Community College For Teaching. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different. 2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors.

The vaccine debate is dissertation perhaps the essay significant most popular example of dissertation fellowships science this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Asperger’s syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.

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essay on buddism The Three Marks of Existence. Buddhism has been described as a very pragmatic religion. It does not indulge in metaphysical speculation about dissertation science first causes; there is no theology, no worship of essay significant influence, a deity or deification of the Buddha. Buddhism takes a very straightforward look at dissertation fellowships science our human condition; nothing is database based on fellowships wishful thinking, at all. Everything that the Buddha taught was based on his own observation of the way things are. Essay Significant! Everything that he taught can be verified by our own observation of the way things are.

If we look at our life, very simply, in a straightforward way, we see that it is marked with frustration and pain. Fellowships! This is proposal .doc because we attempt to secure our relationship with the world out there, by fellowships solidifying our experiences in some concrete way. For example, we might have dinner with someone we admire very much, everything goes just right, and when we get home later we begin to fantasise about master thesis all the things we can do with our new-found friend, places we can go etc. We are going through the process of dissertation science, trying to cement our relationship. Perhaps, the next time we see our friend, she/he has a headache and is curt with us; we feel snubbed, hurt, all our plans go out the window. The problem is that the protection essay, world out dissertation fellowships, there is constantly changing, everything is master thesis impermanent and it is impossible to science, make a permanent relationship with anything, at all. If we examine the notion of impermanence closely and honestly, we see that it is all-pervading, everything is marked by impermanence. We might posit an eternal consciousness principle, or higher self, but if we examine our consciousness closely we see that it is made up of temporary mental processes and events. Essay! We see that our higher self is speculative at best and dissertation imaginary to worldcat database, begin with. We have invented the idea to secure ourselves, to cement our relationship, once again. Because of this we feel uneasy and anxious, even at dissertation science the best of times.

It is only when we completely abandon clinging that we feel any relief from our queasiness. These three things: pain, impermanence and egolessness are known as the three marks of existence. The Four Noble Truths. The first sermon that the .doc, Buddha preached after his enlightenment was about the four noble truths. The first noble truth is that life is frustrating and painful. In fact, if we are honest with ourselves, there are times when it is downright miserable. Things may be fine with us, at the moment, but, if we look around, we see other people in the most appalling condition, children starving, terrorism, hatred, wars, intolerance, people being tortured and we get a sort of queasy feeling whenever we think about the world situation in even the most casual way.

We, ourselves, will some day grow old, get sick and fellowships eventually die. No matter how we try to avoid it, some day we are going to die. Essay! Even though we try to avoid thinking about fellowships science it, there are constant reminders that it is true. The second noble truth is that suffering has a cause. We suffer because we are constantly struggling to survive. We are constantly trying to worldcat, prove our existence. We may be extremely humble and self-deprecating, but even that is an attempt to define ourselves.

We are defined by science our humility. The harder we struggle to establish ourselves and our relationships, the more painful our experience becomes. The third noble truth is that the cause of suffering can be ended. Our struggle to survive, our effort to prove ourselves and solidify our relationships is unnecessary. We, and the world, can get along quite comfortably without all our unnecessary posturing.

We could just be a simple, direct and straight-forward person. We could form a simple relationship with our world, our coffee, spouse and friend. We do this by abandoning our expectations about how we think things should be. This is the fourth noble truth: the dissertations, way, or path to end the dissertation fellowships science, cause of suffering. The central theme of this way is meditation. Master Proposal .doc! Meditation, here, means the practice of mindfulness/awareness, shamata/vipashyana in Sanskrit. We practice being mindful of all the fellowships, things that we use to torture ourselves with. Protection Of Nature! We become mindful by abandoning our expectations about the way we think things should be and, out of our mindfulness, we begin to develop awareness about the way things really are.

We begin to develop the insight that things are really quite simple, that we can handle ourselves, and our relationships, very well as soon as we stop being so manipulative and complex. The Five Skandhas. The Buddhist doctrine of egolessness seems to be a bit confusing to westerners. I think this is dissertation science because there is some confusion as to what is meant by ego. Ego, in the Buddhist sense, is quite different from the music, Freudian ego. The Buddhist ego is a collection of dissertation fellowships, mental events classified into five categories, called skandhas, loosely translated as bundles, or heaps. If we were to borrow a western expression, we could say that in the beginning things were going along quite well. Essay Person Significant Influence! At some point, however, there was a loss of confidence in the way things were going. There was a kind of primordial panic which produced confusion about what was happening. Rather than acknowledging this loss of fellowships science, confidence, there was an identification with the panic and confusion. Ego began to database, form.

This is known as the first skandha, the skandha of form. After the identification with confusion, ego begins to explore how it feels about the fellowships science, formation of this experience. If we like the worldcat, experience, we try to draw it in. If we dislike it, we try to push it away, or destroy it. If we feel neutral about it, we just ignore it. The way we feel about the experience is called the skandha of dissertation fellowships, form; what we try to do about it is known as the skandha of impulse/perception. The next stage is to try to identify, or label the experience. If we can put it into a category, we can manipulate it better. Then we would have a whole bag of tricks to use on it. This is the services, skandha of concept. The final step in the birth of ego, is called the skandha of consciousness.

Ego begins to churn thoughts and emotions around and around. Science! This makes ego feel solid and real. The churning around and around is resume services called samsara -- literally, to fellowships science, whirl about. The way ego feels about its situation (skandha of feeling) determines which of the six realms of existence it creates for itself. If ego decides it likes the situation, it begins to churn up all sorts of ways to possess it. A craving to consume the situation arises and we long to satisfy that craving.

Once we do, a ghost of that craving carries over and we look around for something else to consume. We get into the habitual pattern of becoming consumer oriented. Perhaps we order a piece of software for our computer. Of Nature Essay! We play with it for fellowships awhile, until the novelty wears out, and then we look around for the next piece of software that has the music paper, magic glow of not being possessed yet. Soon we haven't even got the shrink wrap off the current package when we start looking for the next one. Owning the software and using it doesn't seem to dissertation fellowships, be as important as wanting it, looking forward to services las vegas, its arrival.

This is known as the hungry ghost realm where we have made an occupation out of craving. We can never find satisfaction, it is like drinking salt water to quench our thirst. Another realm is the animal realm, or having the mind like that of an animal. Dissertation Science! Here we find security by making certain that everything is totally predictable. We only buy blue chip stock, never take a chance and never look at new possibilities. The thought of worldcat, new possibilities frightens us and fellowships science we look with scorn at anyone who suggests anything innovative. This realm is characterised by resume services las vegas ignorance. We put on blinders and only look straight ahead, never to the right or left. The hell realm is characterised by acute aggression.

We build a wall of anger between ourselves and our experience. Everything irritates us, even the science, most innocuous, and innocent statement drives us mad with anger. The heat of our anger is reflected back on us and sends us into a frenzy to escape from our torture, which in turn causes us to fight even harder and get even angrier. The whole thing builds on itself until we don't even know if we're fighting with someone else or ourselves. We are so busy fighting that we can't find an alternative to fighting; the possibility of alternative never even occurs to us. These are the three lower realms. One of the three higher realms is called the dissertations, jealous god realm.

This pattern of existence is dissertation fellowships science characterised by acute paranoia. We are always concerned with making it. Everything is seen from worldcat, a competitive point of view. Fellowships! We are always trying to score points, and trying to prevent others from scoring on us. If someone achieves something special we become determined to out do them.

We never trust anyone; we know they're trying to slip one past us. If someone tries to help us, we try to figure out their angle. College Cover Letters Positions! If someone doesn't try to help us, they are being uncooperative, and we make a note to ourselves that we will get even later. Dissertation Science! Don't get mad, get even, that's our motto. At some point we might hear about spirituality. We might hear about the possibility of meditation techniques, imported from some eastern religion, or mystical western one, that will make our minds peaceful and absorb us into a universal harmony. We begin to meditate and perform certain rituals and we find ourselves absorbed into infinite space and blissful states of existence. Everything sparkles with love and light; we become godlike beings.

We become proud of worldcat database, our godlike powers of meditative absorption. We might even dwell in the realm of infinite space where thoughts seldom arise to bother us. We ignore everything that doesn't confirm our godhood. Science! We have manufactured the god realm, the highest of the six realms of existence. The problem is, that we have manufactured it. We begin to relax and no longer feel the need to maintain our exalted state. Eventually a small sliver of doubt occurs. Worldcat Dissertations! Have we really made it? At first we are able to smooth over dissertation fellowships science, the question, but eventually the doubt begins to essay, occur more and more frequently and soon we begin to struggle to regain our supreme confidence. As soon as we begin to struggle, we fall back into fellowships science, the lower realms and master .doc begin the whole process over and over; from god realm to jealous god realm to animal realm to hungry ghost realm to hell realm.

At some point we begin to wonder if there isn't some sort of alternative to our habitual way of dealing with the world. This is the human realm. The human realm is the only one in which liberation from the six states of existence is dissertation possible. The human realm is characterised by community cover letters for teaching doubt and inquisitiveness and the longing for something better. Dissertation! We are not as absorbed by the all consuming preoccupations of the other states of being.

We begin to wonder whether it is possible to relate to resume writing services, the world as simple, dignified human beings. The Eightfold Path. The path to dissertation fellowships, liberation from these miserable states of being, as taught by the Buddha, has eight points and is known as the eightfold path. The first point is called right view -- the right way to view the essay person significant, world. Wrong view occurs when we impose our expectations onto things; expectations about how we hope things will be, or about how we are afraid things might be.

Right view occurs when we see things simply, as they are. It is an open and accommodating attitude. We abandon hope and fear and take joy in a simple straight-forward approach to life. The second point of the dissertation fellowships science, path is resume services called right intention. It proceeds from right view. If we are able to abandon our expectations, our hopes and fears, we no longer need to be manipulative. We don't have to try to con situations into our preconceived notions of how they should be. Dissertation Science! We work with what is.

Our intentions are pure. The third aspect of the path is right speech. Once our intentions are pure, we no longer have to be embarrassed about our speech. Since we aren't trying to manipulate people, we don't have to be hesitant about what we say, nor do we need to try bluff our way through a conversation with any sort of phoney confidence. We say what needs to be said, very simply in a genuine way. The fourth point on the path, right discipline, involves a kind of renunciation. We need to essay significant, give up our tendency to complicate issues.

We practice simplicity. We have a simple straight-forward relationship with our dinner, our job, our house and our family. We give up all the unnecessary and frivolous complications that we usually try to cloud our relationships with. Right livelihood is the fifth step on the path. It is only natural and right that we should earn our living. Often, many of us don't particularly enjoy our jobs. We can't wait to get home from work and begrudge the amount of dissertation fellowships, time that our job takes away from music paper, our enjoyment of the good life. Dissertation Fellowships Science! Perhaps, we might wish we had a more glamorous job.

We don't feel that our job in a factory or office is in keeping with the thesis, image we want to project. Fellowships! The truth is, that we should be glad of our job, whatever it is. We should form a simple relationship with it. We need to perform it properly, with attention to master proposal, detail. The sixth aspect of the fellowships, path is right effort.

Wrong effort is struggle. Master Proposal! We often approach a spiritual discipline as though we need to conquer our evil side and fellowships science promote our good side. Services Las Vegas! We are locked in combat with ourselves and try to obliterate the tiniest negative tendency. Right effort doesn't involve struggle at all. When we see things as they are, we can work with them, gently and without any kind of aggression whatsoever. Right mindfulness, the seventh step, involves precision and clarity. We are mindful of the tiniest details of our experience. We are mindful of the way we talk, the way we perform our jobs, our posture, our attitude toward our friends and family, every detail.

Right concentration, or absorption is the eighth point of the path. Usually we are absorbed in absentmindedness. Our minds are completely captivated by all sorts of entertainment and fellowships speculations. Right absorption means that we are completely absorbed in nowness, in things as they are. Writing Services! This can only happen if we have some sort of discipline, such as sitting meditation. We might even say that without the discipline of sitting meditation, we can't walk the science, eightfold path at all. Sitting meditation cuts through our absentmindedness. It provides a space or gap in our preoccupation with ourselves.

Most people have heard of nirvana . It has become equated with a sort of resume services, eastern version of heaven. Actually, nirvana simply means cessation. It is the cessation of passion, aggression and ignorance; the cessation of the struggle to prove our existence to the world, to survive. We don't have to struggle to survive after all. We have already survived.

We survive now; the struggle was just an dissertation fellowships science extra complication that we added to our lives because we had lost our confidence in the way things are. We no longer need to manipulate things as they are into resume las vegas, things as we would like them to be.