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Dissertation Action Collective Et …
book report 7 habits Summary of dissertation collective et participation Stephen R. Covey's. Reporting! The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. In his #1 bestseller, Stephen R. Covey presented a framework for personal effectiveness. The following is a summary of the collective et participation, first part of his book, concluding with a list of the seven habits. Inside-Out: The Change Starts from Within. While working on his doctorate in the 1970's, Stephen R. Covey reviewed 200 years of literature on tech, success. Et Participation Politique! He noticed that since the 1920's, success writings have focused on solutions to specific problems. In some cases such tactical advice may have been effective, but only for nus law test immediate issues and not for the long-term, underlying ones. The success literature of the last half of the 20th century largely attributed success to personality traits, skills, techniques, maintaining a positive attitude, etc. This philosophy can be referred to as the dissertation politique, Personality Ethic . However, during the 150 years or so that preceded that period, the literature on success was more character oriented.
It emphasized the statement on brown vs the board of education, deeper principles and foundations of success. Action Collective Politique! This philosophy is known as the Character Ethic , under which success is attributed more to underlying characteristics such as integrity, courage, justice, patience, etc. The elements of the Character Ethic are primary traits while those of the Personality Ethic are secondary. While secondary traits may help one to test play the game to succeed in some specific circumstances, for long-term success both are necessary. One's character is what is most visible in long-term relationships. Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, What you are shouts so loudly in my ears I cannot hear what you say. To illustrate the difference between primary and secondary traits, Covey offers the following example.
Suppose you are in Chicago and politique, are using a map to the challenge find a particular destination in the city. You may have excellent secondary skills in map reading and collective politique, navigation, but will never find your destination if you are using a map of Detroit. In this example, getting the right map is a necessary primary element before your secondary skills can be used effectively. The problem with relying on nus law essay test, the Personality Ethic is that unless the basic underlying paradigms are right, simply changing outward behavior is not effective. We see the world based on our perspective, which can have a dramatic impact on the way we perceive things. For example, many experiments have been conducted in which two groups of dissertation collective people are shown two different drawings. Statement! One group is shown, for instance, a drawing of a young, beautiful woman and the other group is shown a drawing of an old, frail woman. After the initial exposure to the pictures, both groups are shown one picture of a more abstract drawing. This drawing actually contains the elements of both the young and the old woman. Almost invariably, everybody in collective et participation the group that was first shown the young woman sees a young woman in the abstract drawing, and those who were shown the old woman see an old woman. Each group was convinced that it had objectively evaluated the drawing.
The point is that we see things not as they are, but as we are conditioned to see them. Once we understand the importance of our past conditioning, we can experience a paradigm shift in the way we see things. To make large changes in our lives, we must work on the basic paradigms through which we see the world. The Character Ethic assumes that there are some absolute principles that exist in all human beings. Some examples of such principles are fairness, honesty, integrity, human dignity, quality, potential, and growth. Principles contrast with practices in critical on heart of darkness that practices are for specific situations whereas principles have universal application. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People presents an inside-out approach to effectiveness that is centered on principles and dissertation et participation, character. Inside-out means that the change starts within oneself. For many people, this approach represents a paradigm shift away from the Personality Ethic and toward the Character Ethic. The Seven Habits - An Overview.
Our character is statement vs the board a collection of our habits, and habits have a powerful role in our lives. Habits consist of knowledge, skill, and desire. Knowledge allows us to know what to action collective politique do, skill gives us the locke on religious toleration, ability to know how to do it, and desire is the motivation to do it. The Seven Habits move us through the following stages: Dependence: the paradigm under which we are born, relying upon dissertation others to take care of essay on heart us. Much of the success literature today tends to value independence, encouraging people to become liberated and dissertation collective et participation, do their own thing.
The reality is that we are interdependent, and the independent model is not optimal for use in an interdependent environment that requires leaders and critical thinking meeting, team players. Dissertation Politique! To make the choice to become interdependent, one first must be independent, since dependent people have not yet developed the character for interdependence. Thesis On International Standards! Therefore, the first three habits focus on self-mastery, that is, achieving the private victories required to move from dependence to independence. Collective Politique! The first three habits are: Habit 1: Be Proactive Habit 2: Begin with the essay test, End in Mind Habit 3: Put First Things First. Habits 4, 5, and 6 then address interdependence: Habit 4: Think Win/Win Habit 5: Seek First to dissertation et participation politique Understand, Then to nus law test Be Understood Habit 6: Synergize. Finally, the seventh habit is one of renewal and continual improvement, that is, of building one's personal production capability. To be effective, one must find the proper balance between actually producing and dissertation collective, improving one's capability to produce. Covey illustrates this point with the fable of the goose and the golden egg. In the thesis on international, fable, a poor farmer's goose began laying a solid gold egg every day, and the farmer soon became rich. Dissertation Et Participation Politique! He also became greedy and figured that the goose must have many golden eggs within her.
In order to obtain all of the eggs immediately, he killed the goose. Upon cutting it open he discovered that it was not full of golden eggs. The lesson is thesis on international standards that if one attempts to maximize immediate production with no regard to the production capability, the dissertation action collective politique, capability will be lost. Effectiveness is on international financial a function of both production and the capacity to produce. The need for balance between production and production capability applies to physical, financial, and politique, human assets. For example, in an organization the person in charge of a particular machine may increase the nus law, machine's immediate production by postponing scheduled maintenance. As a result of the increased output, this person may be rewarded with a promotion. However, the increased immediate output comes at the expense of future production since more maintenance will have to be performed on dissertation collective, the machine later. The person who inherits the mess may even be blamed for the inevitable downtime and high maintenance expense. Customer loyalty also is an asset to which the production and production capability balance applies.
A restaurant may have a reputation for serving great food, but the on international financial standards, owner may decide to cut costs and lower the quality of the food. Immediately, profits will soar, but soon the restaurant's reputation will be tarnished, the customer's trust will be lost, and action et participation politique, profits will decline. Locke Essay On Religious Toleration! This does not mean that only production capacity is important. If one builds capacity but never uses it, there will be no production. There is a balance between building production capacity and actually producing. Finding the right tradeoff is dissertation action et participation politique central to one's effectiveness. The above has been an introduction and overview of the 7 Habits. The following introduces the first habit in Covey's framework.
FROM DEPENDENCE TO INDEPENDENCE. A unique ability that sets humans apart from animals is nus law self-awareness and the ability to choose how we respond to any stimulus. While conditioning can have a strong impact on our lives, we are not determined by it. There are three widely accepted theories of determinism: genetic, psychic, and environmental. Genetic determinism says that our nature is action et participation politique coded into our DNA, and that our personality traits are inherited from test our grandparents.
Psychic determinism says that our upbringing determines our personal tendencies, and that emotional pain that we felt at dissertation collective et participation, a young age is remembered and affects the way we behave today. Environmental determinism states that factors in essay test our present environment are responsible for our situation, such as relatives, the national economy, etc. These theories of determinism each assume a model in which the stimulus determines the response. Viktor Frankl was a Jewish psychiatrist who survived the death camps of Nazi Germany. While in the death camps, Frankl realized that he alone had the power to determine his response to dissertation action et participation the horror of the situation. Critical Essay On Heart! He exercised the only freedom he had in that environment by envisioning himself teaching students after his release. Action Collective Et Participation! He became an inspiration for issues in measuring thinking others around him. He realized that in the middle of the stimulus-response model, humans have the freedom to choose.
Animals do not have this independent will. They respond to a stimulus like a computer responds to its program. They are not aware of dissertation action collective their programming and in measuring critical, do not have the ability to change it. The model of action et participation determinism was developed based on experiments with animals and neurotic people. Such a model neglects our ability to choose how we will respond to stimuli. We can choose to be reactive to our environment. For example, if the weather is good, we will be happy. If the thesis reporting, weather is bad, we will be unhappy.
If people treat us well, we will feel well; if they don't, we will feel bad and become defensive. We also can choose to be proactive and not let our situation determine how we will feel. Reactive behavior can be a self-fulfilling prophecy. By accepting that there is nothing we can do about our situation, we in dissertation fact become passive and do nothing. The first habit of highly effective people is proactivity . Proactive people are driven by values that are independent of the weather or how people treat them. Gandhi said, They cannot take away our self respect if we do not give it to them. Our response to what happened to us affects us more than what actually happened. We can choose to use difficult situations to build our character and develop the ability to better handle such situations in the future. Proactive people use their resourcefulness and on heart, initiative to find solutions rather than just reporting problems and waiting for other people to solve them. Action! Being proactive means assessing the situation and developing a positive response for it. Organizations can be proactive rather than be at the mercy of their environment.
For example, a company operating in an industry that is experiencing a downturn can develop a plan to cut costs and actually use the downturn to increase market share. John Locke On Religious Toleration! Once we decide to be proactive, exactly where we focus our efforts becomes important. Collective! There are many concerns in test our lives, but we do not always have control over them. Dissertation Action Et Participation Politique! One can draw a circle that represents areas of concern, and a smaller circle within the first that represents areas of control. Proactive people focus their efforts on the things over which they have influence, and in on heart of darkness the process often expand their area of influence. Reactive people often focus their efforts on areas of concern over which they have no control. Their complaining and negative energy tend to shrink their circle of influence. In our area of dissertation concern, we may have direct control, indirect control, or no control at all.
We have direct control over problems caused by our own behavior. We can solve these problems by changing our habits. We have indirect control over problems related to other people's behavior. We can solve these problems by using various methods of human influence, such as empathy, confrontation, example, and persuasion. Many people have only a few basic methods such as fight or flight. For problems over thesis on international financial, which we have no control, first we must recognize that we have no control, and action collective et participation politique, then gracefully accept that fact and make the best of the tech essays, situation. SUMMARY OF THE SEVEN HABITS. Habit 1: Be Proactive. Change starts from within, and highly effective people make the dissertation collective politique, decision to improve their lives through the things that they can influence rather than by simply reacting to external forces.
Habit 2: Begin with the nus law essay, End in Mind. Develop a principle-centered personal mission statement. Extend the mission statement into long-term goals based on action et participation, personal principles. Habit 3: Put First Things First. Spend time doing what fits into your personal mission, observing the proper balance between production and building production capacity. Identify the key roles that you take on in life, and make time for each of them.
Habit 4: Think Win/Win. Seek agreements and relationships that are mutually beneficial. In cases where a win/win deal cannot be achieved, accept the fact that agreeing to make no deal may be the best alternative. Financial Standards! In developing an organizational culture, be sure to politique reward win/win behavior among employees and avoid inadvertantly rewarding win/lose behavior. Habit 5: Seek First to Understand, Then to issues in measuring critical the challenge Be Understood.
First seek to action politique understand the other person, and only then try to be understood. Thesis Financial Reporting Standards! Stephen Covey presents this habit as the most important principle of interpersonal relations. Effective listening is not simply echoing what the other person has said through the lens of one's own experience. Rather, it is putting oneself in the perspective of the other person, listening empathically for both feeling and meaning. Habit 6: Synergize. Through trustful communication, find ways to action collective et participation politique leverage individual differences to create a whole that is greater than the sum of the issues in measuring critical thinking meeting, parts. Through mutual trust and understanding, one often can solve conflicts and find a better solution than would have been obtained through either person's own solution. Habit 7: Sharpen the Saw.
Take time out from production to build production capacity through personal renewal of the physical, mental, social/emotional, and dissertation, spiritual dimensions. Maintain a balance among these dimensions. QuickMBA / Management / The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. John Toleration! The articles on this website are copyrighted material and may not be reproduced, stored on a computer disk, republished on another website, or distributed in dissertation action et participation any.
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MIS Laboratory – Resources for Tech Faculty and Students MIS Laboratory – Resources for Tech Faculty and dissertation collective, Students. Software, curriculum, career, contest, and news resources. Hosted by nus law essay Randy Guthrie, PhD – Microsoft Technical Evangelist. How to Get a Job At Microsoft Part II: Writing an Awesome Resume. by Randy Guthrie Microsoft Academic Developer Evangelist. Over the past few months I visited nine college campuses, attended three conferences and conducted a hand-full of job interviews, and in action collective et participation the process I’ve seen scores of vs the resumes. One thing I’ve been impressed with is how awful most of them are. Dissertation Action Collective! I realize that I am probably jaded by my experience as a career coach and john locke on religious, service at a community career center, but still I find it amazing that something that is collective, so critical for john locke essay getting a job is so poorly understood; particularly by dissertation et participation politique those who need jobs the most ie: students seeking internships and new college graduates. The good news is that if you do even a moderately good job of writing your resume you have a pretty good chance of standing out from your competitors.
I’ve put off writing this post because it is locke essay, a daunting task trying to write general guidance that will be useful to most readers, and I’ve struggled how to do this briefly, but I’ve given up and apologize in dissertation advance for the length of this post and hope most will find something useful in the next few thousand or so words. Nus Law Essay! Let me state that I recognize that there are many ways to politique write a great resume, and thesis statement vs the, this is just one of those ways, but since this way has always worked so far for the folks I’ve helped, that’s what I’m sticking with. I also recognize that a resume is very personal, and you need to be comfortable with how it looks, so deviation from this guidance is fine (and necessary) since everyone is action collective, different and some situations will need to be handled differently than shown below. If you have questions about surgical tech essays a specific type of situation ASK IN A COMMENT TO THIS POST and I promise I will answer in an additional comment or even a follow-up post. Action Et Participation Politique! Your questions will make this post even more valuable to critical essay on heart everyone that reads it. First, some useful links: Resume Workshop Video : This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with my audio commentary that covers the content of this post and more Interviewing Workshop Video: This is an animated PowerPoint presentation with audio commentary on how to prepare for a behavioral interview MIS Laboratory Student Page: lots of action politique useful career links.
Now let’s dig in. GENERAL FORMATTING PAGE LENGTH. One Page Please! Most managers will only look at your resume for essay 15-20 seconds before deciding whether to keep reading or put your resume in what I call “The Big Pile”. If you haven’t hooked the reader by then, you’ve lost the first round to action collective et participation politique someone who can tell their story succinctly. Two or three-page resumes do not increase your chances that the reader will find something interesting, it actually makes it less likely they will find (by scanning) something that they care about.
So try to keep it to a page. I’ve never seen someone other than a college professor who needed more than one page to land an test, interview. White Paper Standard Fonts Unless you are a graphic artist, using colored paper, odd shapes fancy type fonts are not going to make the kind of impression that gets an interview. Superficial attempts to differentiate yourself can backfire, because the reader may assume you are childish, unprofessional, or don’t have any meaningful content. Dissertation Action Collective Et Participation! Use the same type face throughout, but you can use different sizes and nus law essay test, italics to make it easier to scan. Don’t go smaller than 11 pt font or larger than13 pt font for the main text. Dissertation Action Collective Et Participation Politique! The examples that follow will show when larger and smaller fonts are appropriate.
There are two approaches that I like to use. The first is useful if you don’t have a lot of relevant experience and you are trying to essay on religious fill space. While one of the examples show the hyperlink in blue, do not use colored ink when printing a paper copy of your resume. Of course if you provide an electronic copy of your resume, live hyperlinks can be useful and save the reader time if not used excessively. Your name and contact information should be grouped together. I personally don’t like having a person’s name on the left and the contact information on the right. In the example my name is 28pt and contact info is 11pt. Dissertation Action Collective! You can go as low as nine point, but if space is an option use the two line format on the right.
Two additional pieces of john locke essay on religious advice: (1) use only one phone number, and make sure it is one where you can get a message (change the recorded greeting if necessary so as to action et participation project a professional image) and (2) avoid cryptic or childish e-mail addresses, and use only critical essay on heart of darkness, one of those as well. Some career advisors will tell you not to put a career or employment objective statement. My advice is to use one. My reason is collective, simple: I debriefed a recruiter from a major aerospace company after a job fair and he told me that he put any resume he received without a [clear] objective statement in the trash, because his HR department would not know where to route it. Critical On Heart Of Darkness! So my advice is to dissertation action collective politique use one and make it count.
Here’s how: Your objective statement should say in under ten words the kind of nus law essay test job you are looking for. For example: “Seeking a senior-level account executive position in the Pharmaceutical industry”. Dissertation Action! Do not use airy, empty, and vague statements that don’t say anything such as “seeking a challenging position with a leading company where my skills and strengths can be utilized”. You would be amazed at john essay on religious how many people think that is what you are supposed to write. Dissertation Collective Et Participation! I saw a resume written just this week that had an objective statement that said “To play a significant role in an organization that aspires to be extraordinary”. Nus Law Essay Test! These kinds of statements don’t help and dissertation collective, can actually delay the reader from learning anything of value about you. But What If I’m Qualified for More Than One Kind of on international standards Job? If you are going to a career fair, then you should probably take several (three or four or even five) versions of your resume.
Most job fairs will list the companies and the jobs they are recruiting for in advance so if you are prepared, then you can know how many versions you should take. Collective! For example, you can have different resumes that focus on web development, database, or application development, information security, or telecommunications. If you are applying to a specific company, then you tailor the locke on religious objective statement (actually the entire resume) for that specific job. If you are applying for an internship or job right out of college, your education is your biggest selling point, so it needs to go before any previous work experience. Since most recruiters will know what school they are recruiting from, and dissertation action collective et participation politique, name of the school is less important and the college major / minor and date of completion. Once you’ve graduated and are on locke on religious toleration the street, then where you went to school is dissertation collective et participation, more important than the major. Here is how I would handle both situations: In these examples, I put the essays degree major first, because that is the first thing a recruiter will care about. I also put my my recent (and most impressive!) degree first.
Notice I don’t put GPA. There are two reasons: 1) it clutters up the page with less-important information, and collective, 2) unless you graduated with a 4.0, most people won’t think there is much difference between a 3.5 and a 3.8. If your GPA is thesis on brown vs the board of education, less than a 3.6, it probably doesn’t differentiate you from action et participation politique others, so leave it off unless an employer requires it. If your GPA is under 3.0, then I don’t have to explain why you would leave it off. Essay! If you graduated with honors, and it says so on action collective et participation politique your transcript, then by all means mention it as in the first example. If you college doesn’t award honors, do not make it up, even if your 3.9 GPA would have gotten you honors at tech essays a college that awards them. If you need to put a GPA in, then I would put it just to the right of the university name. What should I put if I have not graduated yet? This is one of action my favorite resume techniques. The minute you start attending school you can put that you are working on a degree, and post your anticipated graduation date. The cool part is that you format it just like these examples, but word the graduation date a little differently like the “PhD degree” in test the example, and dissertation politique, put the graduation date in the future!
No one is going to issues in measuring critical the challenge be fooled by dissertation collective this, so don’t worry about critical essay looking like you are trying to get away with something, but what it does do is make your resume subtly look complete. Plus it does answer the collective politique question about what you might be good at. What about other school accomplishments? Where should they go? Great question! If you were the valedictorian, ASB president, or president of essay test a club, then I would list up to three (but probably not more) bullet points underneath the dissertation action senior project or thesis (if you mentioned one) or university name (if you didn’t). These should be quantified accomplishments in the form I describe in the next section. If you have more than two or three years of work experience in the field you are applying for, then your experience is more important to a potential employer than your education, so once you' are no longer a new college grad, your education goes at the bottom of your resume and this section goes right under the objective.
Why? Because it will be of most interest to on religious toleration the reader and you want it read during those first precious 20 seconds. Now there are lots of different ideas floating around about how you should format this section; the most common is to dissertation action collective et participation politique put the nus law test date on the left. The fact is action collective et participation politique, that the date is the least important piece of information relating you your employment history. Essay On Heart Of Darkness! Far more important is what you did, and then for whom you did it. Dissertation Et Participation Politique! When you did it is issues critical, last. The order that I recommend you present the facts about each job is: Job Title Company Name Employment duration One sentence job description Two - Four Quantified Accomplishments.
Most of the action collective et participation politique resumes I have seen (and written early in my career) were based on thesis statement on brown vs the of education an old formula of describing the job in terms of the formal job description. The problem with this approach that it doesn’t differentiate the writer from everyone else applying for the job. Can you imagine how hard it would be to pick someone to interview for a bookkeeping job if every experienced bookkeeper that applied only listed their job duties? Every resume would say almost the exact same thing ! To avoid this problem, and to really make you shine, we write the collective et participation work experience section so that we focus on quantified accomplishments . This example shows my recommended format, and includes three quantified accomplishment statements. An accomplishment is “quantified” when you describe it in terms of some quantity.
I like to critical on heart of darkness try to politique get two numbers in each accomplishment if possible. Numbers make your claims more credible, and if you have some kind of big numbers, it can really make a good impression. Don’t over statement vs the, sell; let the action numbers speak for locke you. Dissertation Et Participation! If you can describe an accomplishment in a single line, that is fantastic. In fact, leaving some information out simply begs the reader to surgical tech essays want to know more.
If you get invited for an interview, you can bet you’ll be asked about dissertation et participation these accomplishments, and how can you go wrong talking about something you did that was great? Don’t forget to mention awards and recognitions like Employee of the essay test month three times” or “Top Producer in 2008”. Notice also that I have my job title in bold and in a larger font. Dissertation Collective! I do that so that it is easier for the reader to visually scan. Notice also that the company name is in italics. Thesis On International Financial Standards! That helps set the different facts apart. I have each fact separated by more than a couple of spaces so that each stands out. Now a bit more about job titles. Action Politique! Sometime you might have an “official” job title that is so vague, or even wrong based on what you do. For example, I had three lateral job changes at an aerospace company that did not change my payroll classification, so my managers never bothered to updated my “requisition” to essay test reflect the changes in action collective my job title. Nus Law Essay Test! So if you were to action collective et participation politique call the HR department and in measuring critical thinking the challenge, ask what my job title was, they would use the title I was hired at, not the one from the last job I held!
So on my resume, you can bet I use the title from the last job I was assigned to, not my “official” job title. The moral of the story is that if your “real” job title is too vague, or even deceptive, do not be afraid to put a more accurate, clear job title on the resume . Example: if you had an internship in a finance department, and your “official” title was “Intern”, do not be afraid to use “Intern-Finance Department”. I try to avoid this section if possible. Dissertation Action Politique! It’s much better to talk about the tools and skills you know in your accomplishments statements. But if you learned how to do something in on religious toleration class, but haven’t used it on the job, and action politique, the job you are applying for wants candidates who have this skill, you need to statement vs the use this section.
But be careful. Here are some recommendations: Do not list skills and knowledge that almost everyone has. Dissertation Politique! The most common offender here is that you know Microsoft Office. Thesis Standards! As a recent college graduate, we assume you learned the basic programs. Stating it here does not differentiate you. Avoid huge long lists using every acronym you can think of ie: ASP.net, C#, C++, PHP, etc. Remember you are targeting each resume for a particular job, so only list the things a potential employer cares about. Dissertation Action Collective Et Participation Politique! Huge list casts doubt on which of critical those you really know. Action Collective Et Participation! When I see a big list I seriously doubt that the author really has working knowledge of on international financial all those technologies and his/her credibility really starts to slip.
Be accurate in describing your knowledge. At Microsoft, if someone says he/she knows something, 9 times out of 10 we’ll make them prove it in an interview. If you say you know C++, you can bet you’ll be ask to write a bubble sort or something like that in C++ on a white board during an interview. Action Collective Et Participation! If its been 5 years since that Java class and you’ve not written a single line of code since then, don’t say you know Java. Remember, your resume is just supposed to essay on heart get you invited for an interview, not get you a job offer. That is what the action collective et participation interview is for. Tech Essays! Keep your resume simple and focused on a single job. Keep it to a single page. Catch-all, general-purpose resumes DO NOT WORK. Dissertation Et Participation Politique! You can send out hundreds of these and you will never get a single response (I know â€“ I tried it when I was young and inexperienced). Nus Law Essay! On the other hand, you can send out ten, customized, targeted resumes using the approach outlined here and may get three, five, or even eight responses.
This technique works if you have actually have sometime to action offer an employer. Your resume is a personal statement of who you are from a particular point of view. You’ll get all kinds of advice about how to do your resume, but you don’t have to do exactly as everyone tells you. If you feel like you know better, then go with your gut feeling. Lastly, check out the additional (and more detailed) examples and surgical tech, guidance at the links at the top.
There really is some good information there that I’ve gleaned from collective politique years of coaching students and thinking the challenge, others to get high-tech jobs in dissertation action collective politique a competitive job market. And finally, PROOF READ everything many, many times, and have others look at your resume as well. (career center people are invaluable for nus law this). Good luck and good job hunting! [Note: an earlier version of this post mysterious lost most of its content, hence this repost] I don’t think the one page resume works in the IT industry if you are experience. I tried that once after reading an article like this and was summarily eviscerated by a recruiter for ruining my resume. The few times I’ve been on the market, my three page resume (4 with references) easily landed me interviews. Of course, I put the vital information on dissertation action the front page in a summary section. Working with a recruiter is a different situation.
The recruiter wanted every fact he could get his hands on. He was then going to be the hiring company’s filter. He would look at a job, and then market those parts of your resume that was a good fit. Had you attempted to get an surgical, interview with those companies yourself with your long resume, there is collective et participation, a chance they would have quit reading it before they got to the parts they cared about. It is certain that the critical meeting parts they cared about could have fit on a single page, and dissertation et participation, that is the goal. The trick of course is trying to guess from the job listing what a company will consider to be your relevant experience. My son-in-law recently completed a job search, and I helped with his resume. His recruiter commented that my son-in-law’s [one page] resume was the first he had ever seen that he didn’t feel like it needed fixing.
So while I think there are situation where the john locke essay on religious toleration use of a longer resume is justified (like college professor jobs), I still believe that an individual applying for dissertation action collective politique jobs is on brown of education, well served by dissertation action politique a customized, targeted single-page resume. I am a graduate in the Manufacture Engineering field from on international financial two colleges and the same degree. One is a 2yr and the other is a 4yr. The problem I am having is that there is never an opening for Entry Level Positions. All the jobs that are available and have gotten in the past are ones that are looking for action collective et participation a candidate with 5-10 years of experience.
Since I really only have 2 years, my resume is about 3-4 pages long in hopes that I can sell myself for the 8 years I do not have. Plus about 95% of the time I get calls for possible jobs through recruiters. (Since this is how Industrial jobs are filled) Other jobs that I have on my resume are car mechanic places that show I am mechanical incline and can be more than an office employee. Every person that has read my resume does not believe that I should eliminate any mechanical experiences that I have. What should I do in this case, and should both colleges remain on the resume?? Do you have any full resume examples? I was also wondering if you had any resume templates available for nus law entry-level jobs. Collective Politique! I am trying to get either an internship of entry-level part-time job in the marketing field. One of the things you haven’t addressed with experienced workers is how to handle contract work (which Microsoft apparently believes in for project work.) I know you don’t handle experienced workers so I am probably barking up the wrong tree. In any event, the way I see it, as a contractor I work for myself and subcontract my services.
Initially I would list every project I worked on financial (that sometimes last a week), but realized that this isn’t the action collective et participation politique way you do it if you work as a full-time consultant. So, now I just list the highlights of these projects under my consulting job. Of course recruiters get mad since they want to see every one listed out. I now looked at issues in measuring thinking meeting the challenge your video and dissertation collective politique, its all clear. Surgical Tech! I still plan to collective politique keep to thesis on brown 1 page. Hi Randy. Dissertation Collective Et Participation Politique! this blog is pretty impressive, liked it! I have a question to you. I'm willing to critical on heart of darkness apply for a microsoft full time position in their software development and i'm confused whether to submit a one page resume or a multi page one after reading your blog. Can you give me your suggestions? If applying for a Microsoft marketing internship would it be better to use their CV or would it be more appealing to upload a multimedia resume such as a power point presentation or create a website marketing myself?
To be honest, our recruiters only have so much time to give to dissertation collective et participation any one resume (like 20 seconds), and one of the tests of nus law essay fitness is if a candidate can highlight their strengths concisely on action a single page. I have seen some great resumes that struggled to fill half a page because every word was gold. In my opinion, a PowerPoint presentation or web page misses the on heart point. One of collective et participation politique my favorite examples is that you don't catch a fish by throwing your entire tackle box in the river, you catch a fish by knowing what one fly or lure to thesis statement on brown use out of all the stuff in your tackle box. Highlight the action politique stuff you have done demonstrates your passion for software development by what you did outside of class or work assignments. Highlight your leadership (active or passive).
Highlight the differentiators that relate to the job you area applying for. Put the in measuring critical things that Microsoft will care the most about early in your resume rather than later. Use as few a words as possible. Don't make long lists of dissertation collective et participation computer programs you have used a few times hoping that the on international standards key word search will select you. We're smarter than that. Highlight awards and recognition you have received. One of the dissertation action collective et participation politique hottest differentiators right now are apps. We'll talk to anyone that has published apps in the Windows Store or Windows Phone Marketplace, or iOS or Android stores, particularly if you've had a bunch of downloads or made some real money from on religious toleration them.
That kind of dissertation collective politique third-party evidence is very compelling to Microsoft recruiters. I would like to know what you feel the best way to put open source contributions on tech your resume is. I can't decide whether I should write it in detail similar to a job, or as a bullet point in a personal projects section. @Karan, Great question. You are definitely thinking about this in the right way. My feeling is dissertation politique, that you can go either way, depending on the scope of the issues critical meeting contribution. Job History for a big contribution, personal project for a smaller contribution. Using the job history approach, I would use the title Contributer or something similar, and action collective politique, the company as the open source application and the date from the first contribution to thesis on international financial reporting standards the most recent. Dissertation Et Participation Politique! Then the bullets would be either feature names and number of lines of thesis standards code, or if it is a major feature, then the bullets would detail your contribution ie: lines of code, rating or other quality measure, number of dissertation collective users of the feature, etc. Hello mam.
I went through your article. On International Standards! I am presently pursuing my B.Tech in Computer Science And Engineering . Collective Et Participation! What do I need to do to get a Job at john essay on religious Microsoft?It will be a pleasure to have a live chat with you mam/ @Subham Soni: Start at http://www.microsoft.com/careers and dissertation collective et participation politique, then select the Student or Recent Grad link. Then read about the various jobs and how to critical essay on heart apply for them. Good luck! I like the one page idea and want to convert to it.
The problem is, I want to change industries (out of dissertation action et participation mortgages into tech, data, SAS sales) but I have had 9 different positions in the last 13 years, due to company closures, career advancement into management, and issues in measuring critical thinking the challenge, banking legislative changes. I know it is critical that I list how my skill-set and accomplishments will translate to dissertation politique the new industry/position, but how do I handle not having the room to issues in measuring critical thinking the challenge list all of my positions without leaving gaps and raising suspicion that I am leaving something out? I'm not sure how to check back on action et participation politique this post, so if you could be so kind to forward your response to critical of darkness me at [email protected], I would greatly appreciate it. This article was very well written and you are clearly an expert so I look forward to any suggestions or advice you can offer. @Joe Saylor This is action collective politique, a case where a cover letter may be necessary to assure the hiring organization that you are not a job-hopper by explaining the issues meeting reasons. The goal for you is to show thoughtful career trajectory where each step reflects personal growth. What I would experiment is to think of yourself (for purposes of approaching your resume design) as a consultant with multiple clients over certain period of time. Dissertation Action Et Participation Politique! So you cluster by role since I would expect you did more or less the same thing for a couple of different companies.
I might even omit the company name in the first line, and mention multiple companies in the description section. Statement On Brown Vs The Board Of Education! Again, I've never done a resume in exactly this way, but hopefully my sort of thinking out loud will show you how to approach this. It might be simpler to et participation just go with two pages and to limit your earlier jobs to one or two lines. Critical Essay On Heart! A two-page resume isn't all that bad. It is collective et participation politique, definitely better than doing something overly weird or awkward. When we are applying for interships of companies like microsoft or google,being a second year student of IT what should our resume should contain? Hello, Thank you for taking the time to john locke toleration write this article, it has been a great help to me as I'm restructuring my resume.
When where should I add references? Randy, I have a bunch of personal projects which I work on and off, all close to dissertation action collective politique my heart, and john locke on religious toleration, I work on them because I really really love programming. Et Participation Politique! That of thesis on international reporting standards course means some of them are not finished, but they are there. Should I then include the action collective et participation politique github links to them? Randy, should I include personal projects – not academic – on surgical resume too? Impressive and useful post! Should resume include a scanned picture of the writer? and Should the dissertation politique writer include the thesis on international standards projects for which he's not having a certificate and dissertation action, are self made (made only in a hobby practice)? Thank you for your reply. @Umar: My advice about personal projects is to critical essay start a business, even if not formally or officially, but list your personal projects as an employee of your own company.
Avoid a pretentious title like CEO or President and use something like Founder and Lead Developer. @ChristNolan: I wouldn't include a picture unless you are applying for dissertation et participation a position as a model or acting talent; in issues meeting that case your agency can advise. As I advised @Umar above, assume you work for your own company, and dissertation et participation, list a non-pretentious title and showcase projects (not all of them) as appropriate for the position you are applying for. Essays! Make sure though that you quantify your accomplishments ie: lines of code, special features, downloads and dissertation collective, ratings (if an app), etc. @Sean: don't add references unless you are specifically asked, and most companies are moving away from them due to privacy laws and the fact that you aren't going to thesis financial reporting provide references unless they are good anyway. I just re-read this post now six year later, and I agree with almost all of action collective et participation politique it except that now I think a longer resume is more acceptable ie: if you need two pages go ahead and spill over onto another page but do try to keep it as short as possible and don't use the extra page as an excuse to put every fact about yourself that you can possibly think of. Only go onto a second page if you have gold to nus law put on it. And get an outside opinion to dissertation collective politique confirm what you think is gold really is. How do I get a Microsoft Word 2013 Resume Builder or Template. Hi Randy, Thank you for your advices, A friend recommended a video you had, but it is no available.
Do you know where can I find the video? I really appreciate your thought process and having it explained properly, thank you! The best and most eye catching resumes let you stand out statement vs the board, from the crowd. Likewise, I'd love to see those videos that aren't presently working! I'm presently in action politique the process of applying for a job for Microsoft and I'm quite fresh from financial reporting standards school. This article more than any other so far has been useful, and I'm quite eager to et participation politique see those links. Thanks for critical thinking meeting your time!
I really found the detail with which you have explained resume making very useful. I am currently a junior without any work experience and looking to apply for a good summer internship where I get a good learning scope in the fields of Programming and algorithms. As a person with no prior industry experience what do you think my resume should mostly focus on? @Joe Saylor: I think when you have a complicated situation, you either group your experience and dissertation politique, list companies and on international financial standards, time frames, or list the companies and just go with a longer resume. The secret here is to handle the explanation in et participation politique a cover letter. If you are submitting online, and they don't have a place for a cover letter, then just make the first page of your resume your cover letter and then follow with your resume below.
BTW, the resume workshop video links are fixed. The video hoster I used went out of business so I had to migrate. Cheers, and good luck! – Randy. @Ismael, @Ryno, @Sneha: Thanks for the heads up! I moved the videos to another hosting site and updated the links. Thesis On International Financial Standards! You should be good to et participation politique go! – Randy. I also have a new blog post on how to add student projects to essay your resume: blogs.msdn.com/…/how-to-add-a-student-project-to-your-resume.aspx. Cheers! – Randy. Randy, should we include any academic publications (conference papers for example) in the resume?
Yes, if the publications directly relate to dissertation collective et participation the job you are applying to. Publications should absolutely be included in on international financial reporting standards a curriculum vitae (a special kind of resume for professors and researchers), or for any job where publication will be part of the job. If you are applying for a job in industry where your skills are what they are looking for, I would leave out the publications. – Randy.
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Shipping debt – Valuation in action collective et participation politique the eye of the beholder? Tony Foster, CEO, and Gihan Ismail ( pictured ), Business Development Director at thesis statement on brown of education, Marine Capital Ltd., comment on the problems of shipping valuation in action collective politique Germany. Just as an understanding of shipping in general requires an appreciation of what process goes into making up the valuation of ships, the same can be said of shipping debt. Unfortunately, different valuation methodologies may be at work, confusing the surgical essays, picture for the inexperienced observer. Hopefully we can remove this feeling of action, confusion. In some ways, shipping debt (i.e. primarily, mortgage-backed loans) was, and critical on heart, remains, the most ‘obvious’ route for external investors, particularly PE investors with designated credit funds and/or distress funds, or hedge funds, to participate in shipping. In a novel entitled ‘The Shipping Man’ published in 2011, the tale of an American hedge fund manager who changes his life and becomes a shipowner, the story begins with a description of a trail of U.S. fund managers travelling to Hamburg to dissertation action collective politique, look for discounted shipping debt from German banks. The German shipping market, where the ingenue in the book began his quest, was dominated by limited partnership equity investment funds (known as K/Gs) which were sold as retail products, originally with large tax breaks, and eventually with few or no tax advantages. The non-recourse or partial-recourse nature of these structures added to the German lending banks’ huge headache when the critical on heart of darkness, shipping markets collapsed in 2008, a headache they are still feeling.
For those unaware of the story, here is dissertation action a brief summary: in the years leading up to 2008/2009, the container ship market in particular enjoyed a large amount of capital pouring in from K/Gs. These vehicles were set up to encourage investment by individuals and sold aggressively by Independent Financial Advisers. The K/G funds provided the tech, equity financing for dissertation et participation, a significant number of surgical tech, new ships that were then chartered on medium to long term contracts. A number of reputable German banks provided the debt funding. So far so good, but one of the problems was that the et participation politique, banks provided loans based not on the value of the underlying assets but on the value of the asset plus the (not insignificant) fees paid to the IFAs, the critical on heart of darkness, manager of the dissertation collective et participation politique, K/G and to themselves. While those assets were rising in value together with strong charter rates, the situation was win-win for all, but following the peak of the market in 2004, the system started to fall apart, particularly after the slump in the shipping market in 2008 when ship prices plummeted just as many of the ships’ initial charter contracts came to an end. The banks were left with loans significantly greater than the value of the underlying assets with little or no further ability to call for additional equity, and nus law, the K/Gs having much weaker ability to service existing loans out of lower charter rates. Those K/G companies able to service interest only payments on their bank loans have been largely able to survive, whereas other investors saw the value of their equity wiped out and the asset transferred to the control of the banks where, in many cases, they still reside. The so-called Zombie companies are those which are still alive, courtesy only of their lenders. The nub of the issue, from almost all aspects, is if, how, why, and perhaps for how long, this courtesy can be extended.
It was natural for (particularly U.S.) credit funds to assume that the German banks would be sellers of these loans, and at dissertation collective et participation politique, genuinely distressed price levels, after all, it was all over the press that the big German banks, HSH-Nordbank, Commerzbank and probably NordLB were in difficulty over their shipping books (although not only shipping): wrong assumption. German banks have not marked to thesis on international financial, market these loans which might have enabled them to sell very much more than they have (either of the loans, or the ships themselves), depending on the losses involved. Look out! Here comes the ECB. Various rumours have circulated about the attitude of the action collective politique, European Central Bank to potential losses in thesis on international financial the German banks, including leaked remarks from Brussels about ‘particular concern over shipping loans’, but the result of such concern will only collective et participation politique, be seen after the ECB publishes its Asset Quality Review which includes shipping debt and thesis on brown vs the board of education, which is due in dissertation collective et participation politique a few weeks’ time. There is surgical tech no doubt that prior to action et participation politique, 2008, the shipping market, like many others, was awash with cheap money. Banks were happy to provide financing on terms that were often generous, and in some cases lax. The most obvious examples of such policies were probably to be found among large German banks, who lent to K/G investment partnerships on easy terms. These included, in some cases, putting up instalment payments to shipyards for newbuildings against a letter of undertaking from a K/G manager that the equity would be forthcoming. A number of ships became the immediate property of lenders after the Global Financial Crisis when those undertakings proved worthless. Despite the fact that the face value of in measuring critical meeting, so many loans is now significantly higher than the value of the underlying assets, surprisingly, to many of the politique, PE and hedge fund managers, particularly those from the U.S. In Measuring The Challenge! who are perhaps more accustomed to quick responses from investment banks to such situations, but unsurprisingly to all shipping professionals, there has been relatively little activity in terms of loan sales (or the associated underlying ships), for numerous reasons, including the following key ones:
Most fundamentally, loans have not been marked to collective et participation politique, market. Critical Essay! Commercial banks in general, and European commercial banks are no exception, keep loans at par unless they are deemed to be impaired. Importantly what is ‘deemed impaired’ is a matter for some subjective interpretation by action collective et participation the bank in question. Following the 2008 crash, at a time when, for example, Clarksons, the largest shipbroker, key provider of industry data and the valuer of reference, briefly suspended its ship valuation service, German banks persuaded their auditors to accept a DCF model, with assumed future cash-flows rising to historical averages, which in turn raised the value of the of darkness, underlying collateral and allowed loans not to be impaired. This was called the Hamburg Valuation Model.
These valuations are based on future earnings assumptions rather than known cash-flows. As long as banks are not pressed to mark-to-market, then their willingness or ability to realise losses will depend on numerous other factors, such as the belief of any chance of recovery, overall profitability at dissertation collective politique, the bank level, the effect on solvency ratios of taking upfront losses, and so on. Only in specific circumstances, and for specific asset classes, has a mark-to-market model been enforced (e.g. Spanish banks’ property loans in exchange for the Brussels- directed bail-out of Spanish banks. Tech Essays! HSH Nordbank’s two biggest negative exposures, for example, were U.S. subprime mortgages and action politique, shipping loans, so the effect there would clearly have been disastrous.
The question of what is ‘non-performing’ remains subject to interpretation. John Essay! A U.S.-based, Greek managed shipping business, Navios, completed a much-trumpeted deal with HSH in collective et participation April 2013, which involved the critical of darkness, transfer of a group of ships to a new, Navios-controlled entity from a defaulted borrower. Et Participation! The structure of the deal was claimed to be a template for many such future deals which Navios and its investors would do with the bank. In principle it would have enabled the bank not to mark to market its loan(s) on those assets, by ascribing to them a ‘performing’ tag by placing them in a new vehicle. To our knowledge, it remains tellingly, the only such deal reported. Thesis On International Reporting Standards! The underlying reason is again one of valuation. Was the excess (over-the-market) piece of new debt ‘performing’ because it had been transferred into a new structure? Such issues are at the heart of the fierce debate now going on in Germany between the banks, their auditors, the German regulator (BaFin), the collective, Bundesbank and the ECB. Thesis! Until a bank knows which structures might be reclassified as performing, it isn’t going to dissertation action et participation politique, try and on heart, push that kind of deal through. At the dissertation action et participation, time of that reported transaction, HSH had transferred 9 bn.
Euros worth of surgical tech, shipping loans, representing 1100 underlying ships, to its restructuring unit alone. Kicking the can down the road was likely to be the dissertation collective politique, only ‘option’. Nus Law Essay! Ship lending banks are familiar with having to dissertation politique, hold or warehouse assets from defaulted borrowers, and the German banks were always going to thesis board, make the argument that the market would save them. The idea, then, that they were going to action collective et participation politique, sell loans widely, in a manner that would enable buyers to profit when the market rose, by taking prompt enforcement measures and waiting for thinking the challenge, the market to rise ( so called loan-to-own deals) makes no sense. Much of the exposure held by German banks to K/G shipping structures was to containerships. Unfortunately, far from improving since 2009, the containership market has worsened, and asset values for existing, particularly older containerships remain under huge pressure. Et Participation Politique! Banks who ‘decided’ to wait and see are still waiting.
The ‘Hamburg valuation model’ has garnered plenty of sniggers from the international shipping community outside Germany because real shipowners just wouldn’t make those earnings assumptions in order to derive a price, if they were acquiring those underlying assets. The community also took the Hamburg Model as offering further clear evidence that nothing was going to essay, be done with problem loans as long as the trouble was managed in a domestic environment and dissertation collective politique, the auditors continued to sign-off the banks’ books on that basis. Of course there have been some disposals from Germany, but these have been very much piecemeal, and relating to loans where either the bank could afford to take the haircut, or to surgical, situations where the owning entity was indisputably insolvent, forcing the bank then to mark to market, the action et participation, (usually German) manager had lost the confidence of the lender, and enforcement had become a necessity. Commerzbank very recently confirmed that it had entered into a transaction to sell a bloc of 9 containerships at $160m (realising a loss of $56m) and essay test, that this was only the second such transaction executed by dissertation collective politique this unit within a 12 month period: hardly rapid disposal pace. Despite the fact that such transactions receive plenty of publicity in the shipping market, they are clearly small in nus law essay the grand scheme of things.
Moreover the investor play is nothing complex. The manager of this newly acquired fleet was quoted as saying ‘we can’t do anything different (from the previous owners) except they come with a healthier balance sheet that will allow these vessels time to get into a better market.’ It is unlikely that this situation can continue indefinitely without some change, however, particularly with the ECB due to action et participation, opine formally on risk weighting, provisions, capital ratios etc. within the coming weeks. The Germans will have a hard time seeking exceptional treatment on valuation methodology for ships when they were at the heart of the pan-European argument on aggressive loan write-downs elsewhere, in locke essay real estate for dissertation action et participation, example, in the Eurozone. Ultimately, politics will play a significant role.
We hear that, ’Everyone is john essay on religious toleration shouting at everyone else’ on this subject. In the case of collective, HSH, its solvency is guaranteed by john on religious two regional states, but undoubtedly they don’t want that guarantee to be called. Auditors are in the firing line because of the pressure to change all their existing/previous conclusions. BaFin is under pressure from the ECB on one side, and its banks on the other. There is probably a residual negative attitude in Brussels to German banking and domestic treatment of the Landesbanks in general. All in action et participation politique all, this is still a mess. Even legal action by the banks isn’t ruled out by some observers.
That may be another way of playing for time, until a quiet, domestic burial can be engineered. Even if loans are discounted, you still have to know the market values of the underlying asset. Outside of Germany, there have been relatively few major or complete sales of shipping loan books, but the most notable was undoubtedly that of Lloyds TSB in the UK, which has now all but completed a $9bn disposal. This was done in in measuring thinking numerous tranches, typically of $500-750m. It is debatable whether, apart from the action, early deals done, there have been many winners amongst the (mostly PE and hedge fund) buyers. Surgical! Too much money in collective politique credit funds chasing too few deals, perhaps? Many of these financial investors undoubtedly took the view that they could replicate their expertise in corporate financial restructuring within the shipping sphere only to find out that the same rules don’t apply.
Purchasing loans at a discount is thesis of education all very good but this means nothing if the quality of the underlying ships is dissertation action collective et participation poor, or more importantly the real value of the underlying asset is misunderstood. Inability to understand the asset and its true worth in the market is john on religious toleration a significant weakness for non-specialist credit investors. On top of dissertation action collective et participation, this, shipping loans are far from homogeneous in structure, making it necessary to examine each one minutely. Essay Test! The unique nature of these loans also explains the absence of securitisations in dissertation action collective et participation politique the sector. Although the nus law, situation in Germany has resulted in some banks there stopping new business, most notably Commerzbank and effectively HSH, others are still active. The issue for European banks as a whole is the risk weighting that the ECB will ascribe to shipping loans and the resultant capital requirements for such lending in the future. Ready access to U.S. dollars (in a market where nearly all transactions are in dollars) is also a factor. Other banks that have been heavily involved in dissertation collective politique shipping lending for many years, and for whom it remains core business, such as the Scandinavian lenders DNB and financial standards, Nordea, have suffered very low levels of action politique, default on their shipping loan books. Shipping, however, is not particularly well understood by those not directly involved in the market and the large credit agencies such as SP and Moody’s are still trying to come to statement on brown board, terms with the politique, workings (and most probably valuation techniques) of the industry, as well as foreclosure costs, potential volatility in operating expenses, sets of unique individual loan documentation and so on. Essay! No wonder then that many of the European banks have been considering their options in action politique this area and many have either scaled back or are effectively in run-off. In conclusion, from whichever angle a potential buyer approaches shipping, there will be no substitute for homework on the real value of the assets (ships) involved, and expert help should be sought.
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6 resume tips to help you land a job in Poland. If you've just spotted a fantastic job opening in Poland and you're about to click the collective politique “Apply” button – stop! You don't want to miss out on that opportunity just because your resume doesn't fit local standards, do you? Researching the Polish job market should be your first move. That#39;s how you can learn what kind of resumes local recruiters expect to receive, and how to use these insights to critical of darkness, your advantage. Needless to say, there are at least a couple of et participation politique things that you#39;ll find surprising about Polish resume standards. In the meantime, here’s a crash course on how to make a resume just in surgical tech, case you need to action collective et participation politique, refresh your memory. No One Adds a Headshot, But in Poland, It Works So Well. Putting your photo on a resume in the US is a big no-no because logic suggests that not adding a professional headshot prevents discrimination. In Poland, not including a professional headshot on a resume is a serious mistake.
Polish recruiters rarely receive resumes without photographs. If yours doesn’t have one, then it will stand out in a negative way. Unless the job offer gives different instructions, you need to add a professional headshot. Polish resumes usually include plenty of personal data. It might come as a surprise, but in Poland, it#39;s still common to share information about one#39;s place of birth or marital status. This type of data isn#39;t formally required, but most recruiters expect to see it on a resume. So, what kind of personal data should land on your resume? Your name, surname, and contact information (phone number, email address, social media handles) are still a must. If you don’t have a Polish phone number yet, either add your international phone number, add your Skype handle, or add both.
If you’re already living in Poland, you can easily buy a phone number and minutes without having to critical thinking meeting, sign a long-term contract with a provider. Dissertation Collective Et Participation Politique! You don’t have to thesis on international financial standards, add an address in the beginning. Employers will assume that you are going to dissertation collective politique, live in the vicinity of your new job. Even if it seems like a misstep that might lead the nus law essay test employer to discriminate against dissertation you, you can include your date of birth as well. How much personal data you add is thesis on international entirely up to you, but you can be sure that you’re not going to get into et participation, any trouble for thesis financial it.
Remember to Include a Personal Data Protection Clause. Polish law requires candidates to add a personal data protection clause to their resumes. Without this section, your resume will be useless because recruiters won#39;t be able to process your personal data for dissertation action et participation politique recruitment purposes. Surgical Essays! Unless you are instructed to do otherwise, you can simply copy and collective et participation paste the Polish clause and add it to the bottom of your resume. Here is nus law essay test a copy of the clause for dissertation collective you convenience: Wyrazam zgode na przetwarzanie moich danych osobowych dla potrzeb niezbednych do realizacji procesu rekrutacji (zgodnie z Ustawa z dnia 29.08.1997 roku o Ochronie Danych Osobowych; (tekst jednolity: Dz.U. z 2015r., poz. 2135). If you are sending an English resume, it is usually more than okay to copy and paste the john locke phrase in Polish unless you’re specifically asked to translate the dissertation politique phrase into English. In that case, here is the English version: I hereby give consent for my personal data included in my application to be processed for the purposes of the recruitment process under the john locke essay Personal Data Protection Act as of 29 August 1997, consolidated text: Journal of Laws 2015, item 2135 as amended.
At times, the action et participation employer may offer a specific phrase for you to use. Make sure you include the correct phrase provided by an employer. In all other cases, the surgical tech above clause is more than acceptable. Dissertation Action Collective! Just make sure you follow instructions because if you fail to meet all formal requirements stated in a job post, your resume might never reach the right person. Just because you’re applying for john locke on religious a job in a foreign market, doesn’t mean that you have to reshape your resume. While resumes containing a professional summary are still a rarity on the Polish job market, adding one can give you a definite leg up over other candidates. Use the dissertation action collective et participation opportunity to include something different and unique to show how your professional motivation and statement board of education goals align with the company. Just remember that a typical resume summary is 3-4 lines of short, snappy text. Action Et Participation Politique! Tell recruiters who you are, what you#39;d like to essay test, do, and how you’re going to add value to their company.
Include one or two of dissertation collective your most significant accomplishments be specific and add numbers to back up your claims if possible. Key Points to Remember if You#39;re Writing a Resume in Polish. Issues Critical Meeting The Challenge! For some applications, you might need to translate your resume into Polish. In that case, simply have someone translate your English resume into Polish. In other cases, you will need an English resume. For those of you turning in an English resume, here are some key elements that deserve your attention: Use local date formats it#39;s common to action collective et participation politique, use Roman Numerals in locke essay, Poland. Instead of writing May 2010 or 05/2010, go for V 2010 and you#39;re bound to impress recruiters. Don#39;t translate addresses don’t write “Marszalkowska Street,” write “ulica Marszalkowska.” Explain who your previous employers were even if these companies are well-known in their local markets, Polish recruiters might have absolutely no idea who they are, so briefly explain what these companies are known for and to action, which sectors they belong. Unless recognized translations of a company’s name exist, don’t try translating them into Polish or vice versa. When describing your responsibilities and accomplishments, use verbs in first person singular, not infinitive for example: “For this project, I executed 120% of set objectives.” Feel Free to Write More Than You#39;re Used To. Polish recruiters, on average, receive longer resumes than their foreign counterparts.
Tap into the potential of this insight by extending the sections of your resume which are most relevant to surgical, the advertised job. What are the central responsibilities of the position to dissertation action collective, which you#39;re applying? Improve your chances of landing the thesis statement on brown vs the of education job by adding experiences and skills that demonstrate to recruiters that you#39;re the dissertation action collective et participation politique right match. Every job market is slightly different, and Poland is no exception. Landing a job on the Polish job market is next to critical thinking the challenge, impossible if you fail to adjust and localize your resume so that it matches the formal requirements and expectations of recruiters. Action Et Participation! Use these six tips to create a resume that will seriously boost your chances of landing that fantastic opportunity you just found in on international financial standards, Poland.
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Dissertation Action Collective Et …
china essay trade Information Office of the State Council. The People's Republic of China. December 2011, Beijing. I. Historic Progress in dissertation action collective et participation China's Foreign Trade. II. Reform of and Improvements to China's Foreign Trade System. III. The Development of China's Foreign Trade Contributes to the World Economy. IV.
Promoting Basically Balanced Growth of Foreign Trade. V. Constructing All-round Economic and critical essay on heart, Trade Partnerships with Mutually Beneficial Cooperation. VI. Realizing Sustainable Development of Foreign Trade. Peace, development and cooperation are the trends in today's world. Since the adoption of the collective et participation, reform and opening up policy more than 30 years ago, China has conformed to the trend of on heart of darkness, economic globalization by opening wider to the outside world and promoting economic and action, trade cooperation with other countries on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. Through years of development, foreign trade has become one of China's most dynamic and fastest-growing sectors, placing China among the thesis reporting standards, world's largest trade countries.
China's foreign trade development has strengthened the nation's ties with the rest of the world, effectively pushed forward the country's modernization, and promoted world prosperity and progress. China entered the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001. During the past decade, China has quickened its integration into the global economy while its foreign trade has been further invigorated. On the 10th anniversary of China's accession to the WTO, the Chinese government issues this White Paper to give a comprehensive introduction to dissertation et participation China's foreign trade development. I. Historic Progress in China's Foreign Trade. After the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, China adhered to the principle of john on religious toleration, independence and self-reliance, and gradually carried out economic and action et participation politique, trade exchanges with foreign countries.
However, hindered by the international political environment at that time and the country's planned economic system, China's foreign trade development was relatively slow. In 1978 China entered the new period of reform and opening up. Devoting major efforts to the development of john locke on religious, foreign trade became an important approach to accelerate modernization, shake off backwardness, promote the growth of economy, and improve comprehensive national strength. Over the past 30 years or so, seizing the opportunity of the world economy's long-term prosperity and the deepening economic globalization, China has opened wider to the outside world, attracted and utilized foreign investment, introduced advanced technology, transformed and upgraded domestic industries, and achieved rapid development in foreign trade through all-round participation in the international division of labor and action collective, competition. -- China's total trade volume in goods ranks high globally. Locke Essay! In 1978 the total value of China's import and export was only action collective et participation, 20.6 billion U.S. dollars, ranking 32nd in world trade and accounting for critical essay less than 1 percent of the world's total. In 2010 the total value of China's import and export reached 2.974 trillion U.S. dollars, 144 times as much as that in collective et participation 1978, averaging an annual growth of critical essay on heart of darkness, 16.8 percent. Collective Politique! In 2010 the total value of China's export was 1.5778 trillion U.S. Critical Essay Of Darkness! dollars, showing an a 17.2 percent annual growth on average, and the total value of its import was 1.3962 trillion U.S. dollars, showing a 16.4 percent annual growth on dissertation action collective average. In 2010, the total volumes of China's export and import accounted for 10.4 percent and 9.1 percent of the world's total, respectively. By the end of 2010 China had been the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer for two consecutive years.
(Figure 1 China's Import and Export of Goods 1978-2010) -- The structure of China's trade in goods has fundamentally changed. China's export commodity structure shifted from the primary products dominated to manufactured goods dominated in surgical tech essays the 1980s, and from mainly light industrial and textile products to mainly mechanical and electronic products in the 1990s. Action Collective Politique! In the new century, China's export of high-tech products, led by electronics and information technology commodities, has been increasingly expanded. In addition to state-owned enterprises, foreign-invested enterprises and private enterprises also engage in vs the board of education foreign trade, and their total value of import and export has each exceeded that of the state-owned enterprises. From the 1980s to the early 21st century, China's processing trade flourished, accounting for half of the country's foreign trade volume. Throughout China's foreign trade development, foreign-invested enterprises and processing trade have played very significant roles. (Table 1 China's Export Commodity Structure 1980-2010) -- China has formed an all-round and diversified import and export market.
Since the action collective, adoption of the reform and opening up policy, China has been promoting foreign trade on all fronts, and established trade relations with the vast majority of the world's countries and regions. China's trade partners have increased from a small number of countries and regions in 1978 to 231 countries and on international financial standards, regions now. The European Union (EU), the United States, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Japan, and the other BRIC countries have become China's major trade partners. In this new century China's trade with newly emerging markets and developing countries has maintained sustained and relatively rapid growth. Dissertation Action Collective Et Participation! In China's total trade in goods from 2005 to 2010 the financial standards, proportion of trade with ASEAN increased from 9.2 percent to 9.8 percent, with other BRIC countries from 4.9 percent to 6.9 percent, with Latin America from dissertation action collective politique, 3.5 percent to 6.2 percent, and with Africa from 2.8 percent to 4.3 percent. (Figure 2 China's Top 10 Cargo Trade Partners in 2010) -- China's international competitiveness in services trade has been enhanced. With its WTO entry, China's trade in services entered a new stage of development. With its scale rapidly enlarged and its pattern gradually optimized, China's trade in services now ranks among the essay of darkness, top in the world. China's trade in tourism, transport and other fields has maintained a steady growth momentum. China's cross-border services in construction, communications, insurance, finance, computers and dissertation et participation politique, information, royalties and license fees, consultation and tech essays, related fields, as well as service outsourcing, have been growing rapidly.
From 2001 to dissertation action collective politique 2010 China's total services trade value (excluding government services) witnessed a more-than-five-fold growth from 71.9 billion U.S. dollars to 362.4 billion U.S. dollars. China's proportion in world services trade exports rose from 2.4 percent to 4.6 percent, worth 170.2 billion U.S. Thesis Vs The Board! dollars in 2010, and jumped from the 12th place in the world to the 4th; China's proportion in world services trade imports increased from 2.6 percent to 5.5 percent, worth 192.2 billion U.S. dollars in 2010, moving from the action collective et participation, 10th place in the world to the 3rd. (Figure 3 China's Services Trade Imports and Exports 1982-2010) (Figure 4 The Growth of China's Total Import and Export Volume in Major Service Sectors 2005-2010) (More) China's foreign trade development has greatly pushed forward the country's modernization drive. China has grown into an open economy.
Participation in the international division of labor and competition, introduction of advanced technology, equipment and management methods, and utilization of essay of darkness, foreign direct investment have greatly promoted China's technological progress and industrial upgrading, and also improved the management and market competitiveness of its enterprises. The rapid growth of dissertation politique, processing trade has brought into play China's comparative advantage of an abundant labor force, and accelerated the country's industrialization and urbanization. Foreign trade has directly contributed to the employment of over 80 million Chinese people, more than 60 percent of whom are from in measuring thinking meeting the challenge, rural areas, and et participation politique, employees' income and living standards have been remarkably improved. Foreign trade, domestic investment and surgical tech essays, domestic consumption have become the three major engines propelling China's economic growth. The historic progress in China's foreign trade has been closely connected with the changes in the international and domestic situations. Starting in the 1980s, peace and development became the dissertation et participation politique, theme of the times. With the acceleration of economic globalization, the financial reporting standards, flow and dissertation et participation politique, allocation of capital, technology, products, markets, resources, labor force and similar elements became more dynamic around the world.
Scientific and technological progress, led by john locke essay toleration, information and communications technology, has greatly improved production efficiency; international industrial transfer has continuously deepened and developed. Economic globalization, scientific and technological progress, international industrial transfer and strengthened cooperation between countries have provided historic opportunities for China's integration into the world economy. The Chinese government, conforming to the trend of the times and taking economic construction as the collective politique, central task, has implemented the reform and opening up policy, developed economic and technological cooperation with other countries, vigorously and rationally utilized foreign investment, brought its comparative advantage into full play, promoted the deepening of the division of labor in the international industrial chain, and provided favorable conditions for its own foreign trade development. During this process foreign enterprises, and multinational corporations in particular, have obtained abundant opportunities to invest in China, added value to their capital, technology, management experience, marketing channels and other elements, and shared the thesis on brown vs the of education, fruits of China's rapid economic growth. China's foreign trade development benefits greatly from its reform and opening up, from economic globalization, and from taking the path of cooperation and dissertation collective et participation politique, mutual benefit. China cannot develop itself in isolation from the rest of the world, and global prosperity and stability cannot be maintained without China's participation. China remains a developing country.
Compared with other world trade powers, China's export industry remains at the low end of the global industrial chain. On Heart! China's resource and energy inputs and environmental cost are relatively high, while the et participation, international competitiveness of on religious, enterprises and the risk-resistance of some industries are relatively weak. China's transformation from a large trading country to a strong trading power will be a comparatively long-term process requiring arduous efforts. II. Dissertation Action! Reform of and Improvements to China's Foreign Trade System. Before China adopted the reform and opening up policy in essay 1978, its foreign trade was governed by mandatory planning, and the state absorbed both the profits and the losses of enterprises. Since the action et participation politique, reform and opening up policy was initiated, China's foreign trade system has completed the transformation from mandatory planning to giving full play to the fundamental role of the market - from state monopoly to full openness, and from indiscriminate egalitarianism to giving enterprises discretionary management power and making them responsible for their own profits and losses. During the negotiations over the restoration of its GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) membership and entry into the WTO, and after it became a WTO member, China gradually adopted international trade practices, and established a unified, open foreign trade system compatible with multilateral trade rules. During the initial period of reform and essay, opening up, China's foreign trade system reform focused on the transformation of its unitary planning, transfer of management and operation power in collective et participation politique foreign trade to lower levels, implementation of the system of allowing enterprises to retain a certain portion of foreign exchange earnings, and establishment of a foreign exchange coordination market.
China absorbed foreign direct investment to introduce foreign-invested enterprises as new business entities in its foreign trade sector, breaking the monopoly of state-owned foreign trade enterprises. After that, China introduced a responsibility system in nus law test doing foreign trade, gradually replacing mandatory planning with guided planning. The state also set up an export tax rebates system in line with the general practice of international trade. Collective Et Participation Politique! In October 1992, China clearly put forward the goal of reform toward a socialist market economy. Test! A comprehensive reform of the systems of action collective politique, finance, taxation, banking, foreign trade and foreign exchange was carried out accordingly. In January 1994, the Chinese government discontinued all export subsidies, making all import and export enterprises fully responsible for their own profits and losses. The official and market-regulated exchange rates of China's currency, the Renminbi (RMB), coexisted in a unitary and managed floating exchange rate system based on market demand and supply.
Foreign trade enterprises were incorporated, and pilot programs for essay of darkness the import and dissertation action collective et participation, export agency system were carried out. In the john essay toleration, same year, the Foreign Trade Law of the People's Republic of China was promulgated, establishing principles such as safeguarding a foreign trade order of equity and freedom, and dissertation et participation politique, a basic legal system for foreign trade. In December 1996, China realized current account convertibility for john essay on religious toleration the RMB. Meanwhile, China voluntarily made significant tariff cuts, and reduced non-tariff measures such as quotas and licenses. These reform measures helped China initially establish a foreign trade administration and regulation system based on the market economy, giving full play to such economic levers as the exchange rate, taxation, tariffs and finance. On December 11, 2001, China became the 143rd member country of the dissertation collective et participation, World Trade Organization after 16 years of negotiations. To honor its commitments upon statement on brown vs the of education entry into the WTO, China expanded its opening-up in the fields of industry, agriculture and the services trade, and accelerated trade and investment facilitation and liberalization.
Meanwhile, the state deepened the reform of its foreign trade system, improved its foreign trade legal system, reduced trade barriers and administrative intervention, rationalized government responsibilities in foreign trade administration, made government behavior more open, more impartial and dissertation et participation politique, more transparent, and tech essays, promoted the development of an collective et participation open economy to a new stage. (more) - Expediting improvements to the legal system for foreign economic relations and trade. Tech Essays! After its entry into the WTO, China reviewed over 2,300 laws and regulations, and departmental rules. Those that did not accord with WTO rules and China's commitments upon entry into the WTO were abolished or revised. Administrative licensing procedures are reduced and regulated in dissertation collective et participation politique the revised laws and thesis statement on brown, regulations, and a legal system of trade promotion and remedy has been established and improved. In accordance with the dissertation action, Agreement on john locke essay toleration Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) administered by the WTO, China revised its laws and regulations and judicial interpretations related to intellectual property rights, and dissertation et participation politique, thereby constructed a complete legal system that conforms to essay on religious toleration China's actual conditions and international practices.
- Taking further measures to lower tariffs and reduce non-tariff measures. During the transitional period following China's entry into the WTO, the general level of China's import tariffs was lowered from 15.3 percent in 2001 to 9.9 percent in 2005. By January 2005, the majority of China's tariff reduction commitments had been fulfilled; China had removed non-tariff barriers, including quota, licensing and designated bidding, measures concerning 424 tariff lines, and et participation, only retained licensing administration over imports that are controlled for surgical tech essays the sake of public safety and the environment in line with international conventions and WTO rules. By 2010 China's overall tariff level had dropped to 9.8 percent - 15.2 percent in the case of agricultural products and 8.9 percent in the case of industrial products. Since 2005, China has completely maintained its bound tariff rate.
- Fully liberalizing access to foreign trade operations. According to the Foreign Trade Law of the People's Republic of China that was revised in 2004, starting from July 2004, foreign trade dealers only need to register with the authority responsible, and action collective politique, no longer have to ask for approval from the Chinese government. This change has facilitated the diversification of China's foreign trade entities, consisting of state-owned, foreign-invested and private enterprises. The imports and exports of statement on brown vs the of education, state-owned and foreign-invested enterprises have maintained sustained growth, while private enterprises have seen their foreign trade develop rapidly and their share of China's import and export market keeps expanding, becoming key players in China's foreign trade. In 2010 the import and export volume of state-owned enterprises, foreign-invested enterprises and dissertation action et participation, private enterprises in the country's total was 20.9 percent, 53.8 percent and 25.3 percent, respectively.
- Further opening the services market. China has earnestly fulfilled its commitments upon entry into the WTO by offering market access to international service providers in a wide range of fields, including finance, telecommunications, construction, distribution, logistics, tourism and test, education. Dissertation Action Et Participation! China has opened up 100 of the WTO's 160 sub-sectors of services trade, approaching the average level of developed countries. In 2010 a total of 13,905 foreign-invested enterprises in the services sector had been set up in critical essay on heart of darkness China, with 48.7 billion U.S. dollars of foreign investment actually used, accounting for 50.7 percent of the total number of newly founded foreign-invested enterprises in China's non-financial sectors and 46.1 percent of the total amount of foreign investment actually utilized that year, respectively. - Creating a level playing field. China has striven to provide a flexible, fair and stable market for collective et participation domestic and international enterprises by thesis on international standards, establishing and improving the legal system and the law-enforcement and supervisory mechanism for fair trade, and curbing and cracking down on dissertation unfair practices in essay foreign trade operations, such as infringement of rights, dumping, smuggling and disruption of the market order. Following domestic laws and international trade rules, China has strengthened its efforts in monitoring and early warning, and adopted measures such as trade remedy and dissertation action et participation, antitrust investigation to on international standards correct the unfair practices of its trade partners, and to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of domestic industries and enterprises. Facing the international financial crisis, China worked hand in hand with the international community to firmly oppose all forms of trade protectionism, strictly adhered to relevant WTO rules, and treated domestic and foreign products equally while carrying out the stimulus plan, promoting fair competition between domestic and foreign enterprises. By 2010, all of China's commitments made upon entry into the WTO had been fulfilled. China's earnest efforts are commended by the majority of the WTO members. The Chinese government received three trade policy reviews from the WTO in 2006, 2008 and dissertation action politique, 2010, respectively.
The WTO's basic principles, such as non-discrimination, transparency and fair competition, have been included in China's laws, regulations and related systems. A deeper understanding of concepts such as market orientation, opening up, fair competition, the rule of of darkness, law and intellectual property rights has been achieved among the Chinese people, promoting the further opening up of the dissertation, national economy and essay, more improvements to the market economy. III. The Development of China's Foreign Trade Contributes to the World Economy. The development of China's foreign trade has accelerated the modernization of the national economy, enhanced the country's comprehensive strength, and improved the standard of living of more than 1.3 billion Chinese people.
It has also helped integrate the Chinese economy into the world economy, and make economic globalization conducive to the common prosperity of all countries and regions. China's reform and opening up and its active participation in economic globalization have made the country one of the dissertation action collective, world's fastest-growing economies. Over the past more than 10 years, China, along with other emerging economies, has become an increasingly important force propelling world economic growth. According to issues critical thinking the challenge the World Bank, from 2001 to 2010, China's GDP increased by 4.6 trillion U.S. dollars, representing 14.7 percent of the dissertation et participation, increase in the world aggregate, and critical of darkness, the share of China's GDP in the world rose to action 9.3 percent over the same period. Data from the WTO shows that from 2000 to 2009, the average annual growth rates of China's exports and imports were 17 percent and 15 percent, respectively, much higher than the 3 percent annual growth rate of world trade. During the international financial crisis, China's foreign trade was among the first to stabilize, promoting the recovery of the world economy.
After the crisis broke out in 2008, the essays, Chinese government adopted in time a series of policies and measures to dissertation action et participation politique stimulate the economy, expand domestic demand and stabilize imports and exports. In 2009, global goods imports decreased by in measuring thinking meeting the challenge, 12.8 percent, while China's goods imports increased by 2.9 percent, making it the only country to maintain growth among the world's largest economies. The China factor sustained the exports of many countries affected by the financial crisis, stimulated demand in the global commodities market, and boosted confidence, giving a new momentum to the world's economic recovery and growth. During its third review of China's trade policy, the WTO pointed out that China had played a constructive role in stimulating global demand during the international financial crisis, and had thus made significant contributions to action et participation the stability of the world economy. The development of China's foreign trade has helped enhance the national welfare of China and its trading partners. As it accelerated its integration into the global division of thinking, labor, China has gradually developed into a major producer and exporter of industrial products relying on its labor cost advantage, relatively strong industrial supporting, processing and manufacturing capabilities, and increasing labor productivity. It provides inexpensive and quality commodities to meet the diverse demands of the international market. China's advantage due to economies of scale and low processing costs in the global manufacturing industry partially offsets the rising prices of upstream factors of production, playing an important role in curbing global inflation and raising the real purchasing power of consumers of its trading partners. The development of China's foreign trade has provided a broad market for its trading partners. Collective! Since 2001, China's import of goods has increased by approximately five times, representing an annual growth rate of around 20 percent. China's rapidly expanding imports have become a major driving force for global economic growth, creating an enormous market for its trading partners to augment their exports.
At present, China is the largest export market for essay Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia, ASEAN, Brazil and South Africa, the dissertation action politique, second largest for the EU, and the third largest for the US and India. As China's industrialization and urbanization are moving forward rapidly, and its domestic demand keeps growing, the country's continuously expanding and nus law test, opening market will offer increasing opportunities to its trading partners. Meanwhile, China is one of the developing countries granting the biggest market access to the least-developed countries (LDCs). By July 2010, China had granted zero-tariff treatment to over 4,700 commodities from 36 LDCs which had established diplomatic ties with China. Dissertation Action Collective! The zero-tariff commodities accounted for 60 percent of the total imports from those countries. China has promised to continue expanding its preferential treatment to the LDCs having diplomatic ties with China until the zero-tariff commodities reach 97 percent of the total imports from those countries. The zero-tariff measure has helped increase the exports of LDCs to China. Since 2008, China has been the on religious toleration, largest export market for LDCs. Dissertation Action Et Participation! In 2010, China's import of goods from LDCs accounted for approximately one quarter of those countries' total exports, an increase of 58 percent over the previous year. China has participated in and helped push forward the reform of the global economic governance mechanism. The Chinese government actively advocates a balanced, inclusive and mutually beneficial multilateral trade system, and strives to establish a fair and equitable new international economic and trade order.
As a large developing country with a rapidly growing economy, China plays an active role in the G20 and BRICs summits, Doha Round talks, and other international dialogue and cooperation mechanisms. China does its best to assume international responsibilities that suit its development level and thesis statement, strength. China continuously consolidates its cooperation with emerging countries in the fields of economy, finance, trade and investment, and dissertation action et participation, works toward an equitable and rational international economic order that benefits all countries. In addition, China strictly fulfills its international obligations regarding export controls. It consistently advocates the complete prohibition and thorough dismantling of nus law essay, all weapons of mass destruction, and firmly opposes the collective, proliferation of essay, such weapons and their carriers. China's relevant laws clearly prescribe that the state may take necessary measures to restrict the import and dissertation, export of goods and technologies relating to fissionable materials or the materials from which they are derived, as well as the import and export relating to financial reporting standards arms, ammunition or other military supplies. China earnestly abides by international conventions regarding export controls, and fulfills its non-proliferation commitments, actively contributing to world peace and regional stability. Over the past few years, the Chinese government has adopted a wide range of internationally recognized norms and practices, and formed a complete export control system covering nuclear, biological, chemical, missile and other sensitive items and technologies, providing legal grounds and dissertation collective, institutional guarantees for the better realization of the goal of non-proliferation. IV. Promoting Basically Balanced Growth of thesis reporting, Foreign Trade. The primary factors determining whether a country's foreign trade is in surplus or deficit are its economic structure and the international competitiveness of its products or services.
China does not pursue a foreign trade surplus intentionally. There has been a certain amount of deficit in China's services trade for a long time, and dissertation et participation, the trade in goods was in deficit for most of the years prior to 1990. After 1990, with large-scale industrial outsourcing and relocation, China enhanced its competitiveness in manufactured goods. Growth in exports overtook that of imports, turning the overall deficit to a surplus in trade in goods. In 2005 China's surplus in trade in goods reached 100 billion U.S. dollars for the first time, which was followed by vigorous growth for four consecutive years.
In 2008 the surplus hit 298.1 billion U.S. dollars, the highest point in history, before slowing down gradually. The surpluses in trade in goods for 2009 and 2010 were 195.7 billion U.S. dollars and 181.6 billion U.S. dollars, down 34.4 percent and 7.2 percent year-on-year respectively. In 2010 China's surplus in surgical trade in goods accounted for 6.1 percent of the total import and export volume and 3.1 percent of the GDP. Of the action collective politique, nine nations with the largest trade balances (favorable or unfavorable), China was not high up in the league table in terms of the two ratios. (Table 2 Comparison of the Nine Countries with the surgical tech essays, Largest Balances in Trade in Goods in 2010) The fact that China is enjoying a surplus in trade in goods reflects its position in the international division of labor at the current stage. China has now relatively big advantages in the processing and assembling of industrial products, and is the largest producer and exporter of industrial products. The United States, European Union and some other countries and regions are the major end consumer markets. With the transfer of large numbers of labor-intensive processing and assembling sectors to China from Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong SAR and other nations and regions, their surpluses with the dissertation action collective, United States and Europe were also transferred to on international reporting China. Dissertation Action Collective Et Participation Politique! The result is that while China is issues critical thinking the challenge, currently enjoying a surplus in trade in goods primarily with the United States and Europe, it also has long-term trade deficits with Japan, Republic of Korea, ASEAN and other major intermediate producers.
In 2010 China's surpluses in trade in goods with the United States and the European Union were 181.3 billion U.S. dollars and collective et participation, 142.8 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, and its total deficit in trade in goods with Japan, Republic of Korea and critical on heart of darkness, ASEAN was 141.6 billion U.S. dollars. The deficit in trade in goods between China's mainland and Taiwan reached 86 billion U.S. dollars. To produce and export industrial products, China needs to import large quantities of collective et participation politique, primary goods, thus creating a deficit in trade in goods with certain exporters of essay toleration, primary goods. It is the country's different level and status of participation in the international division of labor in manufacturing and the services industry that leads to dissertation et participation politique China's big surplus in trade in goods but a long-term deficit in services trade. (Figure 5 China's Trade Balances with Major Trading Partners 2006-2010)
China's surplus in trade in goods mainly comes from foreign-invested enterprises and processing trade. With the spread of economic globalization as well as the refinement of the division of labor and the development of economies of scale, an increasing amount of international trade - intra-industry trade or processing trade based on thesis on international financial reporting value-chain specialization - is predominated by dissertation action collective et participation, multinationals. Since the adoption of the reform and opening up policy in 1978, China has experienced rapid growth in attraction of surgical, foreign direct investment. For a fairly long period of time the import and export business of dissertation collective et participation politique, foreign-invested enterprises and processing trade mainly operated by foreign-invested enterprises accounted for about 50 percent of China's trade volume in goods, and were also the major source of the country's surplus in trade in goods. In 2009 and 2010 the surplus in trade in goods created by on heart, foreign-invested enterprises reached 127 billion U.S. dollars and 124.3 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, accounting for 64.8 percent and action collective, 68.4percent of the total surplus of China's trade in goods in in measuring critical meeting the two years. Processing trade surplus of foreign-invested enterprises in the same period hit 264.6 billion U.S. dollars and dissertation action collective et participation, 322.9 billion U.S. dollars, significantly higher than the country's total trade surplus for 2009 and surgical tech essays, 2010. Dissertation Et Participation Politique! While foreign-invested enterprises and thesis standards, processing trade enjoyed a big favorable trade balance, the import and export of China's state-owned enterprises, general trade and other forms of trade were in action collective et participation deficit.
The limits on certain high-tech trade set by developed countries also affect the trade balance between China and some of surgical tech essays, its trading partners. As China is currently accelerating its pace of industrialization, it needs to import advanced equipment and technologies from action, developed countries. Unfortunately, some developed countries, sticking to nus law test their old way of thinking, impose various restrictions on the export of high-end equipment and advanced technologies to China, resulting in slow growth in the export of these sectors. To a certain extent such limits hinder China's imports from these countries, posing an unfavorable impact on bilateral trade balance. As China turned its trade deficit into a surplus, the country improved its international balance of payments and enhanced its resistance to dissertation external risks. However, the sharp increase in surplus also created trouble for thesis financial reporting the Chinese economy. The large volume of RMB input in export settlement complicates macroeconomic control, and the rapid expansion of China's surplus in et participation trade in goods also results in more trade frictions between China and surgical tech essays, its trading partners, as well as persistent pressure on the RMB to appreciate. The Chinese government attaches great importance to the imbalance in dissertation action politique the development of foreign trade, and has adopted a series of policies and measures to curb overheated surplus growth. First, it proactively adjusts the economic structure, strives to expand domestic demand, and especially increases investment in projects to essay test improve the action collective et participation, people's livelihood and stimulate household consumption. Second, it enacts a series of policies to expand imports, simplify the procedures of import administration and import payment, lower the temporary tax rates on statement board of education certain imported commodities, improve the action, import promotion system and facilitate import businesses.
Third, it has adjusted the export tax rebates policy, lowered or cancelled export tax rebates for some products that consume too much energy and cause serious pollution and certain resource-based products. Fourth, it has amended the prohibited and restricted categories of processing trade, expanding the scope of the prohibited category and promoting this sector's restructuring and upgrading. Statement On Brown Vs The! Fifth, it has changed the situation of the collective politique, pegged exchange rate of the yuan against the US dollar since the Asian financial crisis, and adopted the administered floating exchange rate system based on market demand, and adjusted it with reference to a basket of currencies from July 21, 2005. During the period from the exchange rate reform in July 2005 to the end of August 2011, the nominal exchange rate of the yuan against the dollar appreciated by about 30 percent. China's measures to promote balanced foreign trade growth have achieved obvious effects. The nation's surplus in trade in goods has been on a steady decline since 2009, and the proportion of surplus in the total import and export trade volume and issues critical thinking meeting the challenge, the GDP also started to drop in 2008, moving toward a balance in foreign trade. China's efforts not only serve the development of its own economy, but are also practical moves to promote the structural adjustment and the rebalancing of the global economy. V. Constructing All-round Economic and Trade Partnerships with Mutually Beneficial Cooperation.
China stresses all-round development in action collective et participation politique its foreign trade. China adheres to developing economic and trade partnerships based on practical cooperation and mutual benefit with all countries, no matter they are big or small, rich or poor. China enjoys steady growth in thinking meeting its trade with developed countries, and realizes complementary advantages as well as reciprocity and mutual benefit. Et Participation Politique! China' s trade with the European Union has been developing steadily in recent years. The European Union mainly exports manufactured products to China, including advanced mechanical and electronic products, transport vehicles, complete plants, core parts and components, precision components and other high-tech products which are highly competitive in the Chinese market. Foreign trade between China and critical of darkness, the United States has a solid development base. China exports a large variety of consumer goods to meet the demands of American consumers, while satisfying its own need for development by constantly expanding imports of dissertation action collective, electronic, aerospace, biological, medical, agricultural and services trade items from the United States. China and Japan are geographically proximate to on religious toleration each other and this is an advantage in bilateral trade.
Sino-Japanese trade promotes continuous cooperation and progress in dissertation et participation industry while spurring the development of regional economic comparative advantages and cooperation in East Asia. China' s trade and investment cooperation with developed countries such as Canada, Australia, Switzerland and New Zealand also maintain a good momentum of development. China's trade with emerging economies and developing countries is experiencing robust growth, with huge development potential. With the tech, comprehensive implementation of the China-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement in 2010, tariffs have been cancelled for 90% of the commodities traded between them, vigorously promoting the rapid growth of bilateral trade between China and politique, ASEAN. The free entry of specialties and competitive products into each other' s market suits the various needs of the two sides. Foreign trade between China and Republic of Korea keeps growing constantly and steadily. Bilateral investment and economic cooperation also present broad prospects. China' s trade with the other BRIC countries has been enjoying rapid growth in recent years, which promotes the development of the issues in measuring critical, member countries' respective advantageous industries and shows the broad development prospects of emerging markets. In recent years China has seen relatively fast growth in dissertation action et participation politique its trade with other developing countries, further development of trade with its historical trading partners in the Arab world, broadening areas of economic and trade cooperation with Latin American countries, and bilateral trade with African countries, which gives full play to the complementary advantages of the two sides' resources and economic structures. China attaches great importance to john toleration the institutional set-up of dissertation politique, bilateral and regional economic and trade cooperation. Currently over 150 countries and regions have signed agreements on bilateral trade or economic cooperation with China, which has established and maintains high-level economic dialogue mechanisms with the United States, Europe, Japan, Great Britain, Russia and other major economies.
China proactively participates in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, ASEAN (10+3) meetings, which also include Japan and Republic of Korea, the East Asia Summit, Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, Greater Mekong Subregion Economic Cooperation Committee, Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Committee, Greater Tumen Initiative, and other regional and surgical essays, subregional economic cooperation mechanisms. China adheres to the principle of good neighborly friendship and partnership in establishing and developing various forms of border economic and trade cooperation. China takes proactive initiatives to participate in and promote regional economic integration. By the end of dissertation action collective et participation politique, 2010 China had held 15 rounds of negotiations on free trade or closer economic partnership arrangements with 28 countries and regions on five continents, and signed and essay on heart, implemented 10 free trade agreements or closer economic partnership arrangements. Currently five free trade agreement talks are under way. China advocates the establishment of an East Asia free trade zone. In 2010 the total volume of dissertation et participation politique, bilateral trade in goods between China and its trade partners in its ten free trade agreements or closer economic partnership arrangements (ASEAN, Pakistan, Chile, Singapore, New Zealand, Peru, Costa Rica, Hong Kong SAR, Macau SAR and Taiwan) reached US$782.6 billion, accounting for over a quarter of the in measuring critical meeting the challenge, country' s total import and export volume. China has actively participated in and promoted the World Trade Organization's Doha Round talks, and strives to safeguard the dissertation action politique, authority of the thinking, multilateral trading system. China stresses that the negotiations should be conducive to the implementation of the principle of fairness and justice of the multilateral trading system, and reflect the collective politique, goal of the Doha Round as a development round. Vs The Board! China takes part in et participation the Doha Round' s talks on agriculture, non-agricultural goods, services, rules and other issues, submitting over john on religious 40 negotiating texts on its own and over 100 texts with other members.
To promote the Doha Round talks, China repeatedly expressed its wish to make constructive contributions suited to its level of development. In settling disputes with its trading partners, China gives consideration to collective politique the interests of all parties, and seeks common ground while shelving differences. Since China' s entry into the WTO and with the continuous growth of its imports and exports, the number of trade disputes and frictions between China and its trading partners has increased. These cases mainly involved textile products, shoes, tires, car parts and components, steel and critical on heart of darkness, chemical products, and mainly covered the issues of IPR, trade balance, fair trade, food safety, environmental protection and other areas of concern. China has always preferred dialogue to confrontation, and dissertation collective politique, cooperation to pressure, and chooses to settle disputes between trading partners through consultation and tech essays, negotiation. Collective Et Participation! China adheres to giving consideration to and balancing the interests of all parties and settling disputes through dialogue, consultation and negotiation by utilizing bilateral and multilateral channels and following the rules and under the framework of the WTO. In recent years China has adopted various measures to further open up its market, protect IPR, promote trade balance, reform the on brown board of education, exchange rate formation mechanism of the RMB and dissertation, standardize the thinking, operational order of imports and exports, among other areas, fully taking into account the concerns of action et participation, its trading partners. Nus Law Essay Test! When consultations fail to settle a dispute, China appropriately handles the issue with its trading partners through the WTO dispute settlement mechanism, in order to maintain the stability of the multilateral trading system.
VI. Realizing Sustainable Development of Foreign Trade. At present, unbalanced, inconsistent and unsustainable development factors persist in China's foreign trade. They are manifested in the following ways: Export growth mainly relies on the input and consumption of resources, energy, land, manpower, environment, etc., while the input of science and technology, management, innovation and other factors are insufficient, resulting in collective an ever more conspicuous contradiction between foreign trade development and nus law essay test, the constraint on dissertation action collective resource supply and environmental carrying capacity; enterprises are not competitive enough in RD, design, marketing and services, and products with their own intellectual property rights and with their own brands account for only a small proportion of the exports; the contribution of foreign trade to China's primary, secondary and tertiary industries is unbalanced; central and john on religious, western China falls behind other regions in the scale and level of foreign trade; and foreign trade needs improvement in terms of the quality of its products and profits. The Chinese government is collective et participation politique, clearly aware of in measuring critical thinking, these problems and has taken active measures to accelerate the change of the development pattern of foreign trade, and achieve sustainable development. Fostering comprehensive competitive edge of foreign trade development. Dissertation Action Collective Et Participation! In recent years, with the rising labor cost and spiraling prices of critical essay on heart, resources, energy and other production factors, the low-cost advantage of export-oriented industries has been greatly weakened.
In the face of these new conditions, the Chinese government has set the strategic goal of turning the mode of foreign trade from extensive to intensive development. During the dissertation action collective et participation politique, 11th Five-year Plan period (2006-2010) the Chinese government adjusted import and export taxation policies and thesis on brown vs the board, implemented the strategies of fostering foreign trade by science and technology, market diversification and putting quality first. It launched pilot projects for transforming and upgrading processing trade, improved financial and insurance services for import and export enterprises, and encouraged enterprises to accelerate technical progress and optimize product structure. Politique! With these measures, China enhanced the comprehensive competitiveness of its foreign trade. Most import and export enterprises withstood challenges of the international financial crisis, and China's foreign trade recovered soon after the crisis. During the 12th Five-year Plan period (2011-2015) China will make efforts to maintain its current competitive edge in exports, foster new advantages centering on technology, branding, quality and services at nus law test a faster pace, promote industrial transformation and upgrading, extend the value-added chain of processing trade, and the competitiveness and added value of enterprises and dissertation action et participation politique, products. It will vigorously develop trade in services to promote balanced development between it and trade in goods. Nus Law Essay Test! It will open the services trade wider to the outside world, promote service outsourcing, and try to expand the export of new services. It will improve and implement state policies in the fields of finance and taxation, banking and insurance, foreign currency management, customs clearance, inspection and quarantine, and logistics and transportation, in dissertation a bid to speed up trade and investment facilitation for the stable and healthy development of foreign trade. Promoting energy conservation and emission reduction in foreign trade development. As early as in 1994, the Chinese government published China's Agenda 21 - White Paper on China's Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century, setting goals on energy conservation and emission reduction for national economic and social development.
In both the in measuring thinking, 11th and 12th five-year plans, the action collective politique, government made the reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emission intensity two obligatory targets. Since 2004 the Chinese government has lowered and tech essays, even abolished export tax rebates for some energy-intensive, heavily-polluting and resource-based products, banned or limited the processing trade in some such products, and encouraged import and export enterprises to keep up with the world's advanced environmental standards. Dissertation Action Collective Politique! As a result, in recent years such products have seen their proportion in exports decreasing, while the export of new-energy, energy-conserving and environmental-friendly products has grown by a big margin. Most import and export enterprises above a designated scale have obtained ISO14000 certification or other environmental standard certifications. China will try to readjust its economic and industrial structure, accelerate the application of advanced energy-conserving and environmental technologies, and promote more balanced development between foreign trade and resource conservation and environmental protection. Strengthening trade-related intellectual property protection. Strengthening intellectual property protection is necessary for China to comply with its international obligations. It is also an essential move if China seeks to transform its economic growth mode and build an innovative country. The Chinese government has made tremendous efforts in this regard, and made significant progress in legislation, law enforcement, publicity, training and issues in measuring critical thinking the challenge, enhancing the social awareness of IPR protection. In 2008 China promulgated the Outline of the National Intellectual Property Strategy, making IPR protection a national strategy. From 2006 to 2011, China published the Action Plan on Intellectual Property Protection for six consecutive years, putting in place over 1,000 concrete measures covering the fields of dissertation et participation, legislation, law enforcement, education and training, cultural communication and exchanges with the outside world.
In 2010 China filed 12,295 applications for financial reporting standards international patents in accordance with the Patent Cooperation Treaty, registering a growth rate of et participation politique, 55.6percent over 2009, which was the fastest increase in the world. China also rose from the fifth to the fourth place in critical on heart terms of patent application in the world. At present, it is a common challenge facing all countries to strengthen foreign trade-related intellectual property protection, and collective, a world trend to strengthen dialogue and cooperation in this area. The Chinese government will, under related international conventions and within its own legislative framework, strengthen exchanges and cooperation with other countries and regions for the healthy development of test, intellectual property. Enhancing the quality and safety requirements of export products. Generally speaking, the quality of China's export products is dissertation action politique, constantly improving, and they are becoming more and more popular among consumers around the on international financial reporting standards, world. Dissertation Collective Et Participation! In 2009 and 2010, 11.032 million batches and 13.054 million batches, respectively, of China's export products were examined by nus law test, inspection and quarantine authorities, with only 0.15 percent and 0.14 percent being substandard; the export values totaled 429.27 billion U.S. Dissertation! dollars and 552.18 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, with 0.12 percent and 0.13 percent, respectively, found substandard.
In 2010 China exported 127,000 batches of food to the United States, with 99.53 percent up to standard, and 138,000 batches to the European Union, with 99.78 percent up to standard. John Essay Toleration! According to a report from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan on imported food, in 2010 tests on 20 percent of food imported from China found that 99.74 percent was up to standard, higher than that of food imported from the United States and European Union in the same period. However, a small number of Chinese enterprises still ignore product quality and safety to bring down cost, while some foreign importers turn a blind eye to quality and credibility, and try every means to bring down the price or even authorize Chinese producers to use substandard materials. All this harms the dissertation politique, image of made-in-China products. To tackle these problems, in essays recent years, the Chinese government has improved laws and regulations on product quality and safety, strengthened supervision at every link, and strictly investigated and dissertation action politique, punished the few enterprises that had violated laws and regulations and caused quality problems. In Measuring Thinking Meeting! In March 2011, China launched the Year of Improving the Quality of Foreign Trade Products, through which it aimed to improve the action collective, mechanism of approval, certification and supervision of the quality and critical essay on heart, safety of dissertation action politique, foreign trade products, thereby enhancing the quality and safety of thesis board of education, export products. Raising import and export enterprises' sense of action et participation politique, social responsibility. As China opens wider to surgical tech the outside world, more and more enterprises have come to realize that along with development and expansion they should shoulder their corresponding social responsibilities. Dissertation Et Participation Politique! This can not only help promote social harmony and progress, but also enhance enterprises' competitiveness and capacity for sustainable development. On Religious! Advocating the Scientific Outlook on Development and the idea of a harmonious society, Chinese governments at all levels encourage enterprises to enhance their sense of social responsibility, respect labor rights, safeguard consumers' rights and protect the ecological environment. In the meantime, the Chinese government encourages enterprises to dissertation action et participation accept relevant social responsibilities in the field of foreign trade and try to get necessary certifications.
Since the new Law on critical essay Labor Contracts and its implementation regulations took effect in 2008, import and export enterprises have established the system of five insurances (old-age insurance, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, work injury insurance and action, maternity insurance), as well as a housing fund. Surgical Tech! The Chinese government regards it as an important task in the course of promoting foreign trade transformation and upgrading to enhance enterprises' sense of social responsibility. Action Collective Politique! It is therefore determined to strengthen publicity and training in this regard, establish and improve a management system marked by integrity for import and export enterprises, improve public supervision on enterprises to critical thinking meeting make sure they fulfill their social responsibilities, carry out international cooperation in fostering and managing enterprises' sense of action collective politique, social responsibility, and call on import and export enterprises to constantly enhance their performance in this regard. Promoting international cooperation in emerging industries of strategic importance. Critical Essay Of Darkness! To develop new strategic industries is action collective et participation politique, of great significance for China to realize foreign trade transformation and upgrading, and sustainable development. Essay! After over 30 years of reform and action politique, opening up, China has seen its overall strength grow remarkably, its science and technology advancing and its industrial system improving markedly, laying a solid foundation for the development of emerging industries of strategic importance.
However, compared to developed countries, these industries in China are still in their infancy. Financial Reporting Standards! In the wake of the 2008 international financial crisis, all the world's major economies have been developing emerging industries at action collective et participation politique a faster pace, and of darkness, China has taken the development of these industries as an important task in dissertation action collective politique the course of thesis vs the board, its industrial rejuvenation. To promote the priority areas, while giving play to the basic role of the market in allocating resources, the Chinese government has strengthened its policy guidance, regulated market order, improved its investment environment and encouraged enterprises to enhance their technological innovation capabilities. Dissertation Collective Politique! This basic policy of supporting emerging industries of locke essay on religious, strategic importance conforms to international trade rules. China is willing to strengthen communication with other countries in scientific research, technological development and capacity building, and work with them to create a new situation for international cooperation and development in emerging industries. At present, the underlying impact of the international financial crisis, the protracted, arduous and complicated nature of the world economic recovery is manifesting itself, and the global economic structure and trade layout face in-depth readjustment. China will make new adjustments to its foreign trade, in an effort to turn foreign trade from scale expansion to quality and profit improvement, and from mainly relying on its low-cost advantage to enhancing its comprehensive competitive edge, thereby turning China from dissertation action, a big trading country to thesis on international reporting standards a strong trading power. China's foreign trade is still hampered by many uncertainties and is bound to meet new difficulties and challenges. Collective Politique! During the 12th Five-year Plan period China will open itself wider to financial the outside world as a driver for action collective politique further reform, development and essay on heart of darkness, innovation, make full use of its advantages, strengthen international cooperation in all respects, and integrate itself into action the world economy on a wider scale and at a higher level.
China is willing to work with its trading partners to cope with the various challenges facing the world economy and trade, and promote its foreign trade to realize a more balanced, coordinated and essays, sustainable development, and share prosperity and mutually-beneficial results with its trading partners.
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