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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of linux resume builder, Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and writing review looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to builder, include when you begin writing your own. The first step to taxation essay, writing a great resume is to linux builder, choose the aqa igcse best type of resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to builder, get a sense of argumentative ornekleri, your options before choosing the right format for linux resume, you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on thematic, your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for.
Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to resume, the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Writing Proposal Literature Review? Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and resume use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to 2004 thematic, add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate.
In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is linux, most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to english coursework, show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of resume builder, Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. 2004 Thematic Essay? Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the linux resume builder supervisory experience and business management.
These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of observation person essay, business is linux builder, vast and there is a great variety of positions available in proposal review, it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and linux builder experience, which will help you along the way.
Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about writing a dissertation proposal review your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Linux? Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to august 2004, quickly understand where your skills lie.
Resumes for Education and linux Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the essay ornekleri workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in builder, healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in your resume.
Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. August? If possible, include how you went above the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Linux Builder? Notice how the taxation essay example resumes are very specific when it comes to linux resume, technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for a dissertation proposal review, Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper.
There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and resume builder the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to english literature, put some of that ingenuity into resume, writing the 2004 essay most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Linux? Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on the screwtape, that in your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Builder? Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position.
For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to writing proposal literature, customers. A stylist will want to focus on resume, special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. The Screwtape Essay? Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to linux resume builder, feature them.
Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.
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Live Blogging the President’s Speech. David M. Herszenhorn, on resume, Capitol Hill, and Katharine Q. Seelye, in New York, live blogged the president’s speech and reaction tonight. President Obama laid out essay themes of “security and stability” in an effort to reassure Americans about his health care plans. Advance text of the speech. Wrap Up | 10:27 p.m. Katharine Q. Seelye President Obama began bargaining tonight, perhaps more with his own base than with Republicans. He paved the way for some compromises, especially on the public option. That may satisfy some Blue Dogs but may cost him some liberals. On the other hand, where are those liberals going to go?
Probably not to the Republicans, whose reactions during the speech — with Representative Joe Wilson yelling out “You Lie!” and another checking his BlackBerry — only highlighted the anger that has swept portions of the Capitol. So did the cynical laughter that greeted his remark that some “significant details” still need to be “ironed out.” Of course, many details remain to be ironed out. And many questions persist: Did he reassure those who are happy with their insurance that an overhaul is worth the effort? Did he convince seniors that Medicare will not be cut or that care will not be rationed? What effect will the linux, speech have, if any, on the Senate Finance Committee? For Mr. Obama, the taxation essay, campaign continues, with remarks on Thursday and a rally in linux resume, Minneapolis on Saturday.
But the proposal review, speech also had its distracting moments, especially Mr. Wilson’s outburst and the poignant mentions of Senator Kennedy and his family, including the mention of the linux, letter Mr. Obama received from the senator. From Jeff Zeleny: Mr. Wilson issued these comments afterward: “This evening I let my emotions get the best of writing proposal review, me. While I disagree with the president’s statement, my comments were inappropriate and regrettable. I extend sincere apologies to the president for this lack of resume, civility.” Mr. Wilson’s outburst caused Obama to pause briefly and 2004 thematic say, “That’s not true.” Behind him House Speaker Nancy Pelosi could be seen glaring in Wilson’s direction, but there was no move by Democratic leaders to censure Mr. Wilson.
First lady Michelle Obama, in the visitors’ gallery, shook her head from side to side disapprovingly. Neither the linux builder, House nor the aqa igcse, Senate health care overhaul bills would provide coverage for illegal immigrants, the mention by the president that prompted Mr. Wilson’s comment. Reading Materials | 10:17 p.m. Resume Builder? Related articles — an overview by august essay Jeff Zeleny and Sheryl Stolberg; details of the plan by resume Jackie Calmes and Robert Pear.
The Medical Lobby’s Take | 10:07 p.m. David Kirkpatrick Chip Kahn, top lobbyist for the for-profit hospitals’ Federation of. American Hospitals, watched the president’s speech tonight. A Republican, Mr. Kahn stressed how Mr. Taxation Essay? Obama carefully parsed his support still for builder a public insurance option. Doctors and hospitals strongly. oppose such a program because they fear it could drive private insurers out of business, especially if it were paying Medicare rates or under the control of a federal health department. Mr. Obama’s call for a public plan, however, omitted any discussion of what rates it might pay or who might control it, and at 2004 thematic essay one point he referred to it only as a “not for profit” as opposed to government. plan. “It is the payment of Medicare rates that is the linux builder, issue for person us, the control by government fiat!,” Mr.
Kahn said. “He worded it really carefully, because he said ‘not for resume builder profit’ and he didn’t say it had. to be controlled by taxation essay the government,” Mr. Kahn added. “The way he described it, we could support that!” Chasing Down Lies | 9:32 p.m. An outburst by one of the House members during Mr. Obama’s speech has caused a little bit of a flap, and we’re still trying to sort out the details.
But The Times’s Carl Hulse reported that Representative Joe Wilson, Republican of South Carolina, shouted out linux that the president lied as Mr. Obama asserted that his health care plan would not cover illegal immigrants. From Mr. Hulse: Following the speech, Rahm Emanuel, the White House chief of staff, approached lawmakers on the floor to taxation essay, ask who had accused Mr. Obama of lying. Mr.
Emanuel was told it was Representative Wilson. “No president ever has been treated like that, ever,” Mr. Emanuel told reporters. Later on CNN television interviews, Senator John McCain, Republican of Arizona, called for Mr. Wilson to linux resume builder, apologize, saying it would be disrespectul in taxation essay, any forum. Jackie Calmes points to the biography of builder, Mr.
Wilson in CQ’s “Politics in 2004 essay, America,” which includes this line: “Wilson’s sharp and careless remarks sometimes land him in hot water.” One example listed was Mr. Wilson’s constant criticisms of Senator John Kerry during the Democrat’s presidential campaign, and even includes a reference to Mr. Wilson’s characterization of the news that Strom Thurmond had fathered a daughter with a black woman. Even after the linux, longtime Republican senator’s family acknowledged the paternity, Mr. Wilson called the notion a “smear on the image” of Mr.
Thurmond. Mr. Wilson, 62, whose district runs from the coastal border of Georgia into central South Carolina, from Hilton Head to Columbia, was first elected to the House in taxation essay, 2001. McCain’s take | 9:42 p.m. Builder? Katharine Q. Seelye On CNN, Senator John McCain basks in the re-run of Mr. Obama’s shout-out to him, and he says soothingly that “there are a lot of a dissertation proposal, things we can agree on.” But Mr.
Obama’s proposal for pilot projects on altering the malpractice system is not one of linux builder, them. Observation Essay? A pilot project, Mr. McCain said, “doesn’t get it,” in terms of limiting suits and costs. He also said that Mr. Obama’s allusion to Mrs. Builder? Palin, his former running mate, was unnecessary “and did nothing to contribute to bipartisan dialogue.” But he went mavericky on her charge that the Democrats would create “death panels.” Asked if he believed there would be such panels, Mr. McCain said no. More Reviews | 9:29 p.m. Katharine Q. Seelye Here’s something that the administration will take as encouragement — a neutral statement from Senator Susan Collins, Republican of Maine.
In other words, unlike many other Republicans, she didn’t trash Mr. Obama’s speech. She, of course, is one of the very few (perhaps two or three) Republicans who may be in the persuadable camp (the other being her Maine colleague, Olympia Snowe). Ms. Collins said in a dissertation literature, her statement that she was deeply concerned about the resume builder, price tag of aqa igcse english, any overhaul, but concluded on this non-committal note: “The Senate Finance Committee continues to work to come up with bipartisan legislation that addresses these concerns. I look forward to seeing what its negotiations produce.” In this debate, non-committal might be considered a win. G.O.P.
Rebuttal | 9:18 p.m. Katharine Q. Linux? Seelye Representative Charles Boustany of Louisiana, a surgeon, has delivered a brief Republican response. Taxation Essay? He has the same problem typical of resume builder, those who deliver such responses (and not, in his case, just relative anonymity) — he is standing by himself somewhere, without the animation that comes from interacting with a live audience. At the same time, Michael Steele, chairman of the Republican National Committee, put out english literature a statement summing up the resume, Republican view: “The president has proven his ability again to speak very well and say very little. Person? He continued to resume builder, try and sell his government-run health care experiment even though it will increase costs, increase taxes and increase the deficit.” From Bernie Becker “Republicans are ready – and we’ve been ready – to work with the president for a dissertation proposal literature review common-sense reforms that our nation can afford,” said Dr. Boustany, now in linux, his third term representing a district in southwestern Louisiana, adding “it’s clear the American people want health care reform, but they want their elected leaders to essay, get it right.” Dr.
Boustany talked of four areas where he thought there was an opportunity for consensus, including ensuring everyone has access to resume, coverage and letters allowing insurers to offer wellness incentives. But as his Republican colleagues have been doing for weeks, Dr. Boustany also stood firm against increased government involvement in the health care system. “Replacing your family’s current health care with government-run health care is not the answer,” he said. “In fact, it’ll make health care much more expensive.” Reviews Start Spilling In | 9:09 p.m. David M. Herszenhorn Lawmakers are still milling about the House chamber, but the Republican Senate leader, Mitch McConnell, has already issued a statement trashing the linux resume, president’s proposals and urging him to take up Republican ideas instead. “The false choice between a massive government takeover, or no reform at all, is one that has been soundly rejected across the country,” Mr. McConnell said in the statement. For the english literature coursework, moment, it seems, Mr. Obama’s belief that partisan acrimony can be surmounted will have to resume builder, wait for another day. It’s Over | 9:06 p.m. Taxation Essay? The president’s speech lasted 47 minutes.
He closes on a strong note: What was true then remains true today. I understand how difficult this health care debate has been. I know that many in this country are deeply skeptical that government is linux resume builder looking out for the screwtape essay them. I understand that the politically safe move would be to kick the builder, can further down the road – to defer reform one more year, or one more election, or one more term. But that’s not what the argumentative ornekleri, moment calls for. That’s not what we came here to do. We did not come to fear the builder, future. A Dissertation Literature? We came here to linux resume builder, shape it.
I still believe we can act even when it’s hard. I still believe we can replace acrimony with civility, and gridlock with progress. 2004 Thematic Essay? I still believe we can do great things, and that here and now we will meet history’s test. A Kennedy Remembrance | 9:00 p.m. David M. Herszenhorn Mr. Obama is speaking emotionally now about the late Senator Edward M. Kennedy and his passion for providing universal health insurance to Americans. And the resume, president just gave an writing a dissertation important shout-out to Senator Charles E. Grassley of linux builder, Iowa, the senior Republican on proposal literature review, the Finance Committee and a lead negotiator in the effort to broker a compromise health care bill. The TV cameras are showing Mr. Kennedy’s widow, Victoria, tearing up as she listens while sitting with the first lady, Michelle Obama. Mr.
Kennedy’s children are also in linux resume, attendance. Tossing a Bone Their Way | 8:55 p.m. Katharine Q. Seelye Perhaps surprisingly, Mr. Obama makes a nod to the clamor for changing the malpractice system (a k a tort reform). This is the screwtape one way of showing he is open to Republicans. He says that changing malpractice will not be a silver bullet, but he knows that doctors practice defensive medicine, which helps drive up costs.
So, he said, he would support a Bush idea of resume, demonstration projects in individual states to test some ideas about the screwtape letters “how to put patient safety first and let doctors focus on practicing medicine.” Just recently, Howard Dean, the former chairman of the Democratic National Committee, noted that members of his party don’t want to tackle this issue because of the powerful trial lawyers lobby. Eldercare | 8:52 p.m. David M. Herszenhorn Mr. Obama was just trying to resume, make one of the toughest arguments in the health care debate but perhaps one of the most important: that better medical care is often cheaper medical care and that government spending on Medicare can be reduced substantially not by limiting treatment and person care for Americans over resume builder, 65, but by providing more effective and writing a dissertation literature better coordinated care. Many Americans over 65 are worried that proposed Medicare cuts would limit their access to care. The president tries to linux, reassure them: “So don’t pay attention to letters, those scary stories about how your benefits will be cut – especially since some of the resume builder, same folks who are spreading these tall tales have fought against Medicare in the past, and essay just this year supported a budget that would have essentially turned Medicare into a privatized voucher program. That will never happen on my watch. Linux Builder? I will protect Medicare.” Chilly G.O.P. Reception | 8:51 p.m.
Carl Hulse, the Times’s chief Congressional correspondent, is in the House chamber and says the mood is extremely tense, with very sparse Republican applause. Update | 8:49 p.m. Katharine Q. Seelye He may be walking the wire, but he just dumped his “progressive friends.” The public option, he said, is “only a means” to the long-sought end of ending insurance company abuses. Person Essay? “And we should remain open to other ideas that accomplish our ultimate goal.” Dimes and resume the Deficit | 8:45 p.m. Fiscal conservatives join with Democrats in jumping to thematic, their feet and applauding when Mr. Obama promises his plan won’t add a dime to the deficit. The camera focuses in closely on Senator Olympia Snowe, Republican from Maine, who is linux resume considered a critical vote for Democrats on this issue but also often raises the financial ledger in discussing how to pay for initiatives. On Those Death Panels | 8:43 p.m. Letters? David Herszenhorn “It is a lie, plain and simple,” Mr.
Obama says about the charge that health care legislation would create “death panels” to counsel the elderly to forgo care near the end of their lives. But almost as shocking as that false allegation is that Mr. Obama is still fighting it weeks after major media outlets reported that it had no basis. Mr. Obama says he doesn’t want to put private insurance companies out of business. “I just want to hold them accountable,” he said, as be begins a careful tight-rope on linux, the issue of creating a government-run health care plan, a so-called public option. What’s clear from the writing proposal literature, speech is that Mr. Obama is willing to settle for a public option on a so-called “trigger” that is, a public plan would kick in only if the health care legislation fails to provide affordable insurance for resume builder a sufficient number of essay, Americans. Liberals will likely be disappointed. Republicans will probably not be appeased. It’s a walk on a wire, but he seems to be keeping his balance.
A Shout Out to resume, a Rival | 8:41 p.m. David M. Ornekleri? Herszenhorn A seemingly genuine smile and linux resume builder applause from his old opponent, John McCain, as Mr. Obama says low-cost insurance should quickly be made available to hose who need it, even before the major provisions of any overhaul take effect in aqa igcse coursework, four to resume, five years. Update | 8:38 p.m. Katharine Q. Seelye Republicans may be applauding, some, at the big clarion calls. Person? But elsewhere, they are more critical. Linux? The Republican National Committee, for example, notes that Mr.
Obama has said that “the health care problem is the deficit problem,” and adds: “Too bad his government-run health care experiment will just make it worse.” Just a Few Details Left | 8:31 p.m. Light chuckles erupt in the audience as the president suggests, grinning, that there are just a few details left to be ironed out in august 2004 thematic essay, his plan. Update | 8:31 p.m. David Herszenhorn “That’s what Americans can expect from this plan, more security and more stability.” Security and stability seem to be a refrain in linux builder, this speech, reflecting a keen awareness on the part of the White House that Americans feel deeply uncertain about the literature review, prospects of sweeping health care legislation.
But Mr. Linux Resume Builder? Obama still faces the challenge of presenting enough detail to reassure folks who already have insurance and worry they have more to lose than to gain from any changes. Stop the Shouting | 8:28 p.m. David Herszenhorn “The time for bickering is over,” Mr. Obama declared. And there was notable applause from Senator Susan Collins, Republican of Maine, and Judd Gregg, Republican of New Hampshire, two of the most earnest members of the Senate who disdain bickering but neither has expressed support for the Democratic proposals on august thematic, health care. Something for the G.O.P. | 8:27 p.m. David Herszenhorn But now the Repblicans are standing, even John Boehner, the House Republican leader, applauding Mr. Obama’s assertion that it’s better to build on the existing system than start from scratch. Up and Clapping | 8:26 p.m. Katharine Q. Seelye Who needs Pilates if you’re a Democrat and in the House tonight?
The members of President Obama’s party are getting plenty of exercise, standing up and applauding at linux builder numerous lines of his speech. Alas, the Republicans, who have been fairly stationary so far, may need a trip to the gym. First, the Insured | 8:23 p.m. David Herszenhorn Mr. Obama is making his initial pitch to the screwtape essay, the 180 million Americans who currently have health insurance — stressing the risks to every American that they could lose their coverage if they lose or change their jobs, or for any number of technical reasons. Many of these Americans are among those showing up in resume, polls who don’t really understand what’s in aqa igcse coursework, the bill for them, or “what’s in this for me?” as Mr. Obama asked in an earlier speech. And now we are starting to hear the bitter pill: Americans pay more for health care than people in any other country but get worse results.
Those facts are indisputable. Linux? But another problem is that even if health care legislation is english coursework adopted, Americans will still likely pay for more health care than people in linux resume, any other developed country. A Little History | 8:20 p.m. The president has just given the requisite nod to english coursework, Representative John Dingell of Michigan, the most senior member of the House, and a champion of linux, a health care overhaul. Letters? His father began introducing bills for overarching health care decades ago, and Mr. Dingell continues to do so, the president notes.
It’s the Economy First | 8:18 p.m. David Herszenhorn Mr. Obama’s opening comments, about the improvements in resume, the economy — “we have pulled this economy back from the brink” — are not just a bit of self-praise for his administration and Congressional Democrats but rather a pointed reminder that not a single House Republican voted for his economic stimulus package. And so his opening would seem to be a warning to Republicans who so far have opposed his health care proposals. President Obama Enters | 8:12 p.m.
Katharine Q. A Dissertation? Seelye The sergeant-at-arms announces his arrival into the House chamber: “The president of the linux resume builder, United States.” Mr. A Dissertation Proposal Literature Review? Obama enters the chamber at resume 8:11, along with Senator Mitch McConnell, the Republican leader, grinning rather uncomfortably behind him. And not quite glad-handing his colleagues the argumentative, way Mr. Obama is. Senator Harry Reid, the Democratic leader, also looks rather unanimated. Mr. Obama has an embrace — and resume kiss — for Mrs. Clinton. He whispers in her ear and they share a laugh. His introductory applause as he walked the aisle and reached the podium lasted a full five minutes. The Cabinet Arrives | 8:04 p.m.
Katharine Q. Seelye Members of the Cabinet, including Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, have arrived and are making their way down the aisle. It is interesting to see Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, in a fire-engine red suit. She was so associated with health care for so long — not exactly to her advantage — but has been totally absent from the current debate. Is anyone else wondering whether she has talked with President Obama about health care? Lately? It was one of the few policy areas that the the screwtape letters, two disagreed on during the Democratic primaries. And speaking of her husband, former President Bill Clinton, he too gave a joint speech to Congress about health care in 1993. Linux Builder? At our sib-blog, Economix, Catherine Rampell looked at sections of Mr.
Clinton’s address that might serve Mr. Obama well 16 years later. Prebuttal Flies Around | 8:03 p.m. Katharine Q. Seelye The level of rebuttal and pre-buttal flying around the Web is rather dizzying tonight. It reflects how high the stakes are. And it reflects just how many moving parts there are to a big national debate. And, of course, it reflects the sophistication on both sides of the spin machines, honed during recent presidential campaigns. But here is an “oh, really?” moment. Writing Proposal Review? On MSNBC, Senator Dick Durbin, Democrat of Illinois, was asked if he explained to his junior colleague, Barack Obama, that “the politics of resume, governing are about literature coursework a thousand times more complicated than the politics of linux resume, campaigning?” Mr. Person? Durbin replied: “Well, we did sit down and talk.
And believe me, his experience in the Illinois State Senate prepared him for the rough and tumble of Congress on Capitol Hill.” The Kennedy Clan | 7:53 p.m. David Herszenhorn The president’s speech hasn’t even started but a sub-theme of resume builder, his talk is already clear: do it for Teddy. Senator Edward M. Kennedy, the Massachusetts Democrat who died of brain cancer last month, was a strong advocate for overhauling the coursework, health care system. And Mr. Kennedy’s family will be at the Capitol tonight in a strong showing of support for Mr. Linux Resume? Obama. Mr. Writing Proposal Literature? Kennedy’s widow, Victoria Reggie Kennedy will be sitting with the first lady, Michelle Obama.
And Mr. Kennedy’s children will be special guests of the resume builder, House speaker, Nancy Pelosi. One son, Representative Patrick Kennedy, a Rhode Island Democrat, would be in the chamber anyway. Ted Kennedy, Jr. will be in the speaker’s box along with his sister, Kara Kennedy, and two. of Senator Kennedy’s grandchildren, Grace Kennedy Allen, 14, and Max Greathouse Allen, 12.
Mr. August 2004 Thematic? Obama is almost certain to pay tribute to Senator Kennedy in his speech. And with so many family members in the audience the linux builder, message is clear: health care is english a legacy issue for. Mr. Kennedy, the resume builder, former chairman of the Senate health committee. Congress Mills About | 7:48 p.m. Observation Person? David Herszenhorn The Senate, led by Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. is arriving now in the House chamber.
Mitch McConnell, the Republican leader, seems unusually chipper. Resume Builder? Max Baucus, the chairman of the Finance Committee and observation a leading architect of the health care legislation is smiling tightly and shaking hands. (Here’s what Mr. Baucus had to say earlier today.) Readers Seek Answers | 7:45 p.m. Linux? Katharine Q. Seelye We asked our readers yesterday to tell us what they would like to hear President Obama say tonight. The main thing is, they want him to essay, be very specific about what he wants. In that, they are no different from members of linux resume, Congress, especially Democrats who are trying to defend his goals.
From the observation person, excerpts of Mr. Obama’s speech released so far, he is offering some specifics but they are not markedly different from what he has said before. Here’s what one reader wrote: “It’s not good enough to say that there will be no rationing when funding is getting cut by hundreds of billions. It’s not believable if he says that we will pay for linux resume builder the healthcare for 47 million people (at $10k/person, i/e. $470 billion/year x 10 years =$4.7 trillion) – and that this will be paid for by finding ‘efficiency’. Bah.”
At the same time, some readers are fed up with numbers: “Keep it simple,” one advised. “If he starts pulling all kinds of numbers out of the air I’m going to be pulling my hair out.” Clearly, President Obama is facing a tough audience tonight. There are a couple of other common threads running through the comments. Many readers want to hear him support a public option, which seems unlikely. Some think he should extend Medicare, which also seems unlikely. “President Obama should adhere to his moral pronouncements and do the right thing: a public option for competition and the screwtape letters essay universal coverage as a RIGHT, not a privilege, for those who can’t afford the premiums that insurers impose,” another reader wrote. Readers also like the idea of overhauling the malpractice insurance situation, an issue that has been raised repeatedly at the town-hall-style meetings. “Wherever I go, even avowed Democrats do not favor the current reform package,” wrote one reader. “They want to see tort reform, more competition from the linux resume builder, insurers themselves and less government.”
In a preview from the Capitol, David Herszenhorn offers us the letters, leadup to tonight’s speech on health care reform: Even before a few snippets of President Obama’s big speech on health care were released by the White House on Wednesday evening, many lawmakers and linux resume builder staff members on Capitol Hill were in the screwtape letters essay, full battle mode. Senator Charles E. Grassley of resume, Iowa, the taxation essay, senior Republican on resume builder, the Finance Committee and a lead negotiator on the health care legislation, issued a statement urging Mr. Obama to taxation essay, use his speech to promise that he will not pursue a government-run health insurance plan. “To start building the kind of legislation that could win the linux builder, support of the screwtape letters, 70 to 80 senators, the President needs to demonstrate that he’ll fight, through the end, for a proposal that reaches common goals without creating government health care.” Mr.
Grassley also used his pre-speech statement to level blistering criticism at the versions of linux builder, health care legislation approved by the Senate health committee, and by three committees in the House of Representatives. Democrats, meanwhile, sharpened their daggers and took aim at Representative Charles Boustany of Louisiana, a former cardiac surgeon who was tapped to give the Republican response to Mr. Obama’s speech. The Democrats circulated copies of a video in which Mr. Boustany seemed to support the so-called “birthers,” whose claims about the legitimacy of Mr. Obama’s Hawaiian birth certificate have been largely discredited.
Democrats also pointed to malpractice suits brought against Mr. Boustany during his medical career (few doctors are not sued), and distributed excerpts of interviews in which he seemed to make comments critical of Republicans on the health care issue. In terms of defining the writing literature review, camps, some Congressional Democrats and White House officials have expressed hope that retiring Republican lawmakers might be more likely to sign on linux resume, to compromise health care legislation. But one of august, those departing Republicans, Senator George V. Voinovich of Ohio, lashed out even before Mr. Obama had said a word: “To date, many of his ideas have lacked vital details and resume builder have left me with more questions than answers. I am pleased that he has pledged to clear up the ‘ambiguity’ tonight, and I hope my questions will finally be addressed.”
Mr. Taxation Essay? Voinovich also complained that Mr. Obama, in his public remarks on health care, rarely if ever mentions medical malpractice lawsuits as a factor in the nation’s high health care costs – a criticism echoed by linux builder many other Republicans. Details of the president’s plans were not revealed in taxation essay, early excerpts released by the White House, but the advanced text indicates that he will try to appeal to linux resume, those who have differed — sometimes vehemently — with him: “Well, the time for bickering is over. Taxation Essay? The time for games has passed. Now is the season for action. Linux? Now is when we must bring the best ideas of both parties together, and show the American people that we can still do what we were sent here to do. Now is the time to deliver on health care. The excerpts also included a warning to some of the president’s opponents: “Know this. Review? I will not waste time with those who have made the calculation that it’s better politics to kill this plan than improve it.
I will not stand by while the special interests use the same old tactics to keep things exactly the way they are. If you misrepresent what’s in the plan, we will call you out. And I will not accept the linux resume builder, status quo as a solution. Not this time. Not now.” In the Capitol, the House chamber is ready. Security has been extra tight all day. Observation Essay? And there will be special guests, including Victoria Reggie Kennedy, the widow of Senator Edward M. Kennedy, sitting in the box with the first lady, Michelle Obama. One of our White House correspondents, Sheryl Stolberg, listed others — some of whom are ordinary citizens with health stories to tell — who will be seated with her tonight.
Mr. Obama has declared health care to be his top domestic priority, which arguably makes this the most important speech since his inaugural address. Linux Builder? Colleague Katharine Q. Seelye looked at english literature coursework other presidents and linux resume builder how they’ve used joint addresses during times of crises, and some not. In this speech, every phrase will be analyzed, every word scrutinized and the tenor of every rhetorical point weighed carefully. 2004? (Minute by resume builder minute actually, with not only august 2004 journalists but even the Cato Institute and resume the Republican National Committee live blogging the speech, and with Democrats offering rapid response.) The question, of course, is can Mr. Obama make the big sell, not just to Congress but to the American public. Thematic Essay? Stay tuned.
Comments are no longer being accepted. Can we really believe anything a man says who’s credentials are NOT in order? “…whose claims about the legitimacy of Mr. Obama’s Hawaiian birth certificate have been largely discredited.” LARGELY? how about totally? is the times actually endorsing the birthers? come on, now. when will the mainstream media start acting like journalists? The president will talk for linux about 45 minutes. He’ll try to bore his audience away. Why? What will he save till last?
I will not be characterized as some sort of the screwtape letters, radical for linux opposing this health care plan. I happen to sincerely believe the government should not force anybody to buy insurance they can’t afford. I sincerely believe the government should not promise subsidies it doesn’t have the money to deliver. I sincerely believe that the argumentative, plan should not encourage employers to check if workers have insurance from their spouse in making hiring and lay-off decisions. All those things are in the plan, Mr. President. I challenge anybody to prove those are misrepresentations. I challenge anybody to prove this plan is better than the status quo. This is not about your political future, President Obama. You are making decisions that adversely affect my life, and linux resume builder I never got a seat at the table.
Obama desperately needs something that cuts through the lies and exaggerations while at the same time making reform important even to those who think they’re happy with their current situation. It will not be easy… Does Grassley really think that anyone believes that _any_ health reform bill proposed by any group of Democrats could garner the support of “70 or 80? Senators? Please – how ignorant does he believe us to writing a dissertation proposal literature review, be? If even two Republicans sign onto any health reform bill to come from the Democrats, I’ll be amazed. The Republicans aren’t out to do what’s best for the country, but are only linux resume seeking to argumentative essay ornekleri, obstruct the Democrats, with an eye towards 2010. The obstructionists have had their say.
Let’s listen first. Speak second. This is all about Obama not us. He’s great at reading from a teleprompter. Listen to what the people want. re B.Mull “This is not about builder your political future, President Obama. You are making decisions that adversely affect my life, and I never got a seat at the table.” You did get a seat at the table, it was called the a dissertation proposal literature, 2008 presidential election and linux you lost. The average Malpractice insurance premium for an OBGYN. is about $200,000.
Will Obama take on the trial lawyers and propose tort reform and risk alienating these big democrat donors? That would be a big boost for his chances to get something passed in Congress. There is nothing in the 1000 page democrat house bills that even make mention of it. Observation Person Essay? There is linux builder much money to be saved in tort reform. No honorable person can oppose health care reform in writing a dissertation proposal literature, America! It appears that Obama must be using Bill Clinton’s wristwatch. 10 minutes is resume a lot of observation person essay, lost ad revenue for the networks and cable outlets. If Obama demands a government option, Heathcare in 2009 is DOA.
“I happen to sincerely believe the resume builder, government should not force anybody to the screwtape letters essay, buy insurance they can’t afford” (B. Mull, writing at 8:01 pm). The government requires people to buy insurance in order to legally drive a car. Do you have a problem with that? Sounds like everyone – Democrats and Republicans — will be disappointed in Mr. Obama’s speech this evening. Here we go with the same old, same old. I wonder what his teleprompter will tell him to say tonight. Obama is as much to blame as anyone for resume the scare tactics. He was unprepared to discuss the august thematic essay, proposals at the town hall meetings, providing only linux builder anecdotes and misinformation about doctors’ care and review their fees.
Tonight, he needs to give facts regarding the hard costs of resume, this plan to citizens. Writing Proposal Literature Review? We cannot afford to permit the deficit to soar any higher. He won’t. Resume? but he should explain why he wanted to a dissertation literature review, rush a health-care bill plan through before the August recess and why he waited until now to spell out his preferences. He also should let all know that any legislation will not be in effect until 2013–after the next presidential election. That must be accidental, right?
I hope Obama can finally explain what he wants in heathcare reform after delegating the entire process to congress and resume special interests. Yawn. 2004 Thematic? I’ll be watching since I’m a political junkie, but the larger electorate has made up its mind (R’s #038; D’s), or is still confused as to what the linux resume builder, President really wants (Indy’s). This speech should have been given months ago. Too little, too late. Severe malpractice award limitations will create a moral hazard in taxation essay, the health care industry. Those of you concerned about quality health care need to linux, think through your political puppetry. Starts by proposal literature establish credibility by implying economic stimulus has helped stop the recession.
Politicians have had nothing to do with the recent bull market. Linux? Indeed, they’ve made things worse. Repubs sit on the first applause line. I believe that health care should be very limited and provide for observation person the basic needs only. I believe it should be provided to resume builder, all children untill they reach 18.
Claims crisis. There is no crisis. Only 5 million to 10 million citizens are uninsured and can’t afford basic health insurance or aren’t covered by government programs. We’re the aqa igcse coursework, only country in the world that hasn’t made the mistake of turning health insurance and health care over to builder, politicians. Rising health insurance premiums are as unsustainable as rising housing costs proved to august thematic, be. Insurance carriers are as merciless as our Financial #038; Investment Sector. Prescriptions tracked news in the health care industry, including coverage of patients, insurers, medical professionals and drug-makers. Resume Builder? Coverage of these and literature review related issues continues in the Business and Health sections, as well as on the Well blog. The Times is discontinuing the Prescriptions blog.Readmore… Drug Costs Pose Smaller Financial Burden Amid Generic Boom. Americans are using more prescription drugs, but the linux, financial burden of those drugs on families is august essay falling, according to a new study.
A big reason is the linux resume, rise of essay ornekleri, generics.Readmore… Drug Makers Dial Down TV Advertising. Pharmaceutical companies have cut spending on television advertising by 20 percent over the last five years, according to a Nielsen study. Analysts expect drug advertising to linux resume builder, continue to fall as more brand-name drugs face generic competition.Readmore… F.D.A. Approves Drug for an Advanced Skin Cancer. The drug, Erivedge, made by Genentech, was approved for adults with basal cell carcinoma that has spread elsewhere in the body or those who are not candidates for surgery or radiation.
Readmore… Despite Generic Rivals, Branded Drugs Still Sell Well. Drug companies are finding lucrative foreign markets for their brand-name drugs after patents expire in the United States and coursework unleash generic competition. Readmore…
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A Job-Seeker#8217;s Guide to Successfully Completing Job Applications. by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. Linux! New to job-hunting? This article is designed to provide you with the observation essay critical information you need to successfully complete a job application. Should filling out an application be a stressful event? No. If you have a resume, you should have just about all the linux resume builder information you need. If you don#8217;t have a resume, now might be the time to create one.When are job applications used by writing proposal review, employers? For many part-time, entry-level, and blue collar jobs, employers use applications to screen potential employees; they use the information from the applications to resume, determine who they are going to call for a job interview. For other types of jobs, applications are simply the paperwork the Human Resources department requires of taxation essay all job applicants; employers often ask you to complete an application after they have invited you for an interview.Why do employers use job applications? Many employers use applications as a way of standardizing the information they obtain from linux all job-seekers, including some things that you would not normally put on your resume. The Screwtape! Your goal is to complete the application as completely and honestly as you can #8212; all the time remembering that the application is a key marketing tool for you in the job-hunting process.
Remember that some employers will use your application as a basis for deciding whether to call you for an interview. So, armed with this knowledge, here are the ins and outs for linux builder, job-seekers of successfully completing job applications. Arrive prepared with the information you need. Coursework! Be sure to bring your resume, social security card, driver#8217;s license, etc. You probably will also need addresses and phone numbers of previous employers, as well as starting and linux resume ending salaries for a dissertation, each previous job. It#8217;s always better if have too much information than not enough. Resume! Read and follow instructions carefully.
Always take a few minutes to coursework, review the entire application. Some applications ask for information differently #8212; and all have specific spaces in builder which you are expected to answer questions. Think of the application as your first test in thematic essay following instructions. Complete the application as neatly as possible. Remember how important handwriting was in school? Neatness and legibility count; the linux builder application is a reflection of you. Consider typing it if you have access to a typewriter. If completing it by hand, be sure to use only a blue or black pen #8212; and consider using an erasable pen or taking some #8220;white-out#8221; to fix minor mistakes.
Don#8217;t fold, bend, or otherwise mar the writing a dissertation proposal literature review application. Tailor your answers to linux builder, the job you are seeking. Just as with your resume and cover letter, you want to focus your education and aqa igcse english literature experience to resume builder, the job at hand. Give details of skills and accomplishments, and avoid framing your experiences in terms of mere duties and proposal responsibilities. Show why you are more qualified than other applicants for the position. Include experience from all sources, including previous jobs, school, clubs and organizations, and volunteer work. If you#8217;re having trouble identifying some of your skills, read our article about transferable skills. Don#8217;t leave any blanks. One of the resume reasons employers have you complete an application is because they want the writing proposal literature review same information from all job applicants. However, if there are questions that do not apply to you, simply respond with #8220;not applicable,#8221; or #8220;n/a.#8221; Do not write #8220;see resume#8221; when completing the application (but you can certainly attach your resume to resume builder, the application).
Don#8217;t provide any negative information. As with any job search correspondence, never offer negative information. August! Your goal with the application is to get an interview. Linux Builder! Providing negative information (such as being fired from a job) just gives the employer a reason not to interview you. August 2004 Essay! Always answer questions truthfully. The fastest way for an application to hit the trash can is to have a lie on it, but that doesn#8217;t mean you need to builder, give complete answers either.
For example, many applications ask your reason for leaving your last job. If you were fired or downsized, you should try to be as positive as possible and argumentative ornekleri leave longer explanations for the interview; some experts recommend writing #8220;job ended#8221; as the reason you left your last job. Do not put specific salary requirements. It is way too early in linux builder the job-seeking process to allow yourself to be identified by a specific salary request. You don#8217;t want to give employers too much information too soon. In addition, employers often use this question as a screening device #8212; and you don#8217;t want to be eliminated from consideration based on your answer. It#8217;s best to say #8220;open#8221; or #8220;negotiable.#8221; You can find lots more information about all aspects of aqa igcse coursework salary and benefits by going to our Salary Negotiation Tutorial. Provide references. Employers want to linux builder, see that there are people who will provide objective information about you to them.
Pick your references carefully #8212; and essay make sure you ask if they are willing to be a reference for you before you list them. Resume Builder! Where do you get references? From past employers, to august thematic, teachers, to family friends. Most young job-seekers have a mix of professional and character references, while more experienced job-seekers focus on professional references who can speak of your skills and resume builder accomplishments. Keep your application consistent with your resume. Make sure all dates, names, titles, etc., on your application coincide with the person essay information on your resume. Don#8217;t worry if the application is based on chronological employment while you have a functional resume. Don#8217;t know the difference between the linux resume builder two types of resumes?
You might want to visit one of our Resume Tutorials. Proofread your application before submitting it. Once you#8217;ve completed the literature review application, sit back and take a moment to thoroughly proofread the document, checking for all errors #8212; especially typos and misspellings.One final word. Be prepared for all kinds of resume builder job applications, from simple one-page applications to multi-page applications; and some will be clean and crisp copies while others will appear to august thematic, be photocopied a few too many times. Regardless, take your time and do the best you can, always keeping in the back of resume your mind the goal of the application #8212; getting you an interview.If you have not heard from the employer within a week of submitting your application, you should follow-up with the employer.
There#8217;s truth to the #8220;squeaky wheel#8221; cliche. Writing Proposal Review! Ask for an interview #8212; and ask to have your application kept on file.Other parts of Quintessential Careers that might help you: Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker#8217;s Glossary of linux Job-Hunting Terms. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com.
He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of writing proposal review articles. He#8217;s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for builder, more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at the screwtape letters, randall(at)quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Maximize your career and job-search knowledge and skills!
Take advantage of The Quintessential Careers Content Index, which enables site visitors to linux resume, locate articles, tutorials, quizzes, and worksheets in 35 career, college, job-search topic areas. Stay up to date with the latest salary information form LiveCareer#8217;s Salary Calculator! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and aqa igcse literature savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and linux resume our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want.
Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com.
He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Essay! Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and linux builder conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at aqa igcse literature coursework, the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at [email protected] Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.
I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Linux Builder! Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in argumentative ornekleri your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of resume our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and letters improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and resume employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to argumentative ornekleri, go straight to the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to builder, the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.
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Essay: Greek mythology compared to nordic mythology. This paper will outline an exploration between Greek mythology to Nordic mythology, and how similar or different they are from each other. Furthermore it will outline the linux resume builder, basic origin of the two mythologies. Each paragraph will cover a specific character or characteristic of the two mythologies and then compared and writing a dissertation proposal review contrasted between Odin VS zeus, creation it is presented with the relevant concepts defined and processes clarified. The Greek mythology compared to linux resume builder, Nordic mythology view of creation is provided, wherein key terms are clarified and the mythologies are defined. The aim is to provide an overview of Greek mythology and aqa igcse literature Nordic mythology perception, upon which an understanding of mythology and their impact and how it is viewed in modern day in pop culture can be clarified. Myths can be looked at in many ways, which often can be employed at the same time without contradiction. For example, in the story of Ra, Isis, and the snakebite, the possible political interpretation (Isis being advanced by her priests to position of top god) doesn’t rule out a consideration of Ra as sun-god, or possibly seeing some ritual significance to his sickness and subsequent cure. Linux? As G. S. Kirk puts it, “a myth may have different emphases or levels of meaning.” Since it often serves more than one purpose, “a tale about human actions can contain more than a single aspect and implication” (39). If we are to compare two different mythologies it is important that we know exactly what we mean when we write mythology. 2004 Thematic? As we understand it, the linux resume, word myth was derived from the Greek word “mythos”.
In this text the word myth is writing proposal a story of forgotten or vague origin which is supernatural or religious. Linux Resume? A story was made up to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world. It is taxation essay also important to remember that these myths that are given as examples in this document have at some point been believed to linux builder, be true by the people in the societies that used or originated them. Therefore it is clearly separated from the everyday speech meaning of the word myth, which mostly refers to an imaginary story (Brandenberg, 1994). The Romans copied their mythology from the Greeks; therefore we will only mention the Greek creation myth in this text.
To be able to explain the differences and similarities between the Norse and the Greek creation myths I’ll begin with a short presentation of the two myths, which both begin with nothing. The world is observation person essay nothing but a dark and void place (Brandenberg, 1994). In the Greek Creation Myth, in the darkness of the Greek creation myth there is a bird with black wings. This bird is making a golden egg from which the God of Love is coming. One of the shells from the resume, egg becomes the sky, which is also called Uranus, while the other shell becomes the earth, Gaia (Brandenberg, 1994).Later on there is a fight between the God of Loves child and grandchildren. The child of the God of Love had heard from the Oracle that his son should eat him up so when his son Zeus was a little boy his father instead ate him up(Brandenberg, 1994).Trying to run away from his fate, he is punished and at least Zeus and taxation essay his brothers win against linux resume builder, their father. Essay? Zeus has two sons who have one responsibility each. One of resume builder, them, Prometheus, should create mankind and the other, Epimetheus, should create the animals. Essay? They should also give their creations one gift. The animals received one gift each, and nothing was left for the human, so Prometheus gave them fire.
Because fire was only meant for the Gods, Zeus became angry and builder had to punish Prometheus and argumentative essay mankind. When Epimetheus married Pandora they were given a lot of gifts from the other Gods. There was one special gift, called Pandora’s Box, which they were not allowed to open but off course they could not resist the temptation. Opening the box they had suddenly let all the resume, pain, sickness and envy out to the world. There was nothing they could do to stop it. Later on they heard a sound, like “let me out”, from the box.
They opened the the screwtape essay, box one more time and resume out flew all hope (Brandenberg, 1994). The Norse Creation Myth begins, with nothing but dark chaos. This nothing, called Ginnungagap, is placed south of Nieflheim, where there is only ice and north of english, Muspelheim where there is nothing but glowing embers (Greek and Roman 2003). In Ginnungagap the ice from Nieflheim and the parks from Muspelheim meet and create an linux builder, evil giant called Ymir. When Ymir is completed the ice and the sparks also create a cow, which is 2004 thematic essay good. Linux Resume? The cow feeds the giant Ymir, and itself is literature licking blocks of ice. One day when it is licking a huge ice block the god of Love, Bure, comes out of it. Resume Builder? (Greek and Roman 2003) Later on Bures offspring has a struggle against Ymir and the other giants. Ymir dies and the gods threw him into Ginnungagap where his flesh becomes the observation person, earth, his blood the seas, his bones the mountains and so on. The dwarves and the dark elves in the Norse mythology are created of the maggots from Ymir’s flesh. Linux Resume? (Cook, 1914) When some of the gods are walking on a shore they see two tree trunks and give them souls, motions and senses. These become the two first humans, Ask and Embla. (Greek and letters essay Roman 2003)
In the Norse creation story the world was made from an evil giant (Greek and Roman 2003), while the world in the Greek creation story was made from an egg (Brandenberg, 1994).The Greek people looked at the world in a different way. Maybe they thought the resume builder, world was more fragile than the Norse people did. Fighting against nature more than the person essay, Greek people did, the Norse people experienced the negative and builder hard things, like darkness and coldness, in nature. In both stories there was a struggle between a god, who later on would be the ruler of the other gods, and taxation essay someone else. In the Greek creation story, Zeus fought against his father (Brandenberg, 1994) while Odin fought against the giant, Ymir. The ruler of the gods had to linux resume builder, show everyone that they were good and brave enough to august, be the leaders. Then the builder, other gods and the humans could respect and trust them. It is also very interesting to draw parallels to Oedipus and Beowulf (Curtius and Robert 1963). Beowulf had to give his life to show his people that he was their right king.
A king could never be afraid of english literature coursework, death nor to struggle. Oedipus did not have to struggle physically, but instead he solved a riddle and that way he saved the people. Not solving the riddle he would never have become the king. The idea fate was very important for both the Norse and the Greek people, but knowing their fates, they acted in completely different ways. Linux Builder? The Greeks always tried to run away from their fate (Curtius and 2004 essay Robert 1963). In the Greek creation story, one might have noticed that Zeus father ate Zeus so that the fate would not be fulfilled, but you can again draw a parallel to Oedipus (Curtius and Robert 1963), which is resume a story based on running away from fates. In Norse mythology they instead prepared themselves to meet fates .The Greek gods punished the people with the a dissertation literature, opening of linux, Pandora’s Box. Here it is easy to draw a parallel to the Christian religion, which also lets the people live with a sin (Curtius and Robert 1963). In the Norse creation story, there is nothing about punishing or living with a sin. The Greek people were more often punished because they always ran away from their fates, something that the Norse people never did.
Instead there is taxation essay nothing about hope in builder the Norse creation story, compared to the Greek creation story where a bird flew out of taxation essay, Pandora’s Box with hope (Brandenberg, 1994).When you have been punished you need something to believe in, you need hope. In Norse mythology there are a lot of elves and witches compared to the Greek mythology (Curtius and linux Robert 1963). Aqa Igcse English Coursework? What could the reason be? Those imaginations about witches and elves are much easier to have when you are living in a cold country with a lot of dark forests. Perhaps the Norse people had even more stories and thoughts about the resume, elves before the Norse mythology came and when it did come, they involved them in the new mythology/religion. Here one can draw a parallel to taxation essay, the Christening of the Norse people. When Christianity came to linux resume builder, the north, the 2004 essay, people tried to involve their old rituals in the new religion. Linux Builder? It is easier to accept the the screwtape essay, new things if you are allowed to keep the old ones. To further emphasise that the Greek and Norse mythologies are connected to each other we have also studied some words, which have travelled through languages and time.
Urd, which means Fate is builder related to observation person essay, the old English word wyrd , which originally meant Fate too. Linux Resume? Today we have the word left as the Weird Sisters. First I thought it meant strange sisters, but after research I found out writing a dissertation proposal literature about the real meaning. Builder? They are the three sisters of Destiny, which play a big part in person Shakespeare’s Macbeth. (Curtius and Robert 1963) In Greece Odeion was the name of a sort of a construction, which was often used as a theatre. Maybe the Romans used this word too and linux the Vikings heard it, interpreted it their own way and named their main God with a similar name (Odin).
Lots of names may have been travelling around like this. Today the English word odeum means the same thing as the Greek word odeion. If words have travelled from one place from argumentative, another, the linux, stories and culture might just as well have travelled the same way. Person? This indicates that Norse mythology could have lots of influence from Greek and Roman mythology. Norse mythology is the religion of the Norse people. The Norse people are the ancient people of northern Europe (Scandinavia, Iceland, Denmark, Northern Germany etc.) (World Book 259).A major difference between Norse mythology and Greek mythology are both cultures views of the afterlife and what happens there. In Greek mythology there is one allotted place for people to go after death and once they are there they stay there for all eternity.
In Norse mythology there are four different places for resume the dead: Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and Ran’s hall or the halls of Ran. Folkvang is the allotted area for your everyday warrior who fought and died and did nothing more. Valhalla is Odin’s hall where 800 of the bravest warriors go and train for the coming of ornekleri, Ragnarok (literally the ending of the linux resume, gods or the end of the world) Helheim is literally the house or home of Hel; Hel is the goddess of the “underworlds” Niflheim (land of fire and heat) and Helheim. Helheim is the place where one who didn’t die or in battle goes, those who died from literature coursework, diseases, accidents, old age, etc. Ran is the goddess of the sea and the drowned. Resume? She is literature said to sink ships and collect the linux builder, drowned in a net and take them to aqa igcse english literature coursework, her hall where they dwell there.
In Greek mythology they go to resume, the underworld (or Hades) and they are then separated and either got to Tartarus (hell) or the Elysian fields (heaven) (World Book 257). Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and The Halls of Ran are four separate areas in the world of Norse mythology where as Hades is one and Tartarus and the Elysian fields are two places within Hades. The Greeks and the Norse, two big groups a long time ago, were very big on myths and the screwtape essay used them to explain everything and resume builder anything that didn’t make sense. It also so happens that the myths are very similar and the screwtape reasonably different. So how might these to power house countries myths compare? First off, the Greeks and the Norse came from totally to linux builder, different areas and life style (World Book 257) On the Norse side you have all the Northern countries which ranged from a lot of different backgrounds and the Greeks who at one point were considered the taxation essay, greatest country.
The Norse, up north, had a difficult time. They had extreme drops of temperature during the winter with barley any light and a great rise of temperature during the linux resume, summer. Another thing is that Greeks and taxation essay the North had a lot of basic ideas that were the same. They each had only one ruler of the gods and man, Zeus and linux resume builder Odin, and they each had wives, Hera and Frigg, that had a little less power than their husbands but more than the other gods. Each had the certain realms such as a god of, war, love, seas/water, and underworld/death. This might not seem like a big thing but if you look at other myths from different groups you will find only one god or creator but the Greeks and the Norse had gods for almost every different realm possible.
Another thing you could conclude is that these gods kind of checked the power of taxation essay, Zeus/ Odin who also would check the power of the gods. The Greek gods were more joyful and linux builder happy compared to the dark and gloomy Norse gods (World Book 257) The climate can be the reason for that but it also greatly affected the august 2004 thematic, adventures and stories of the gods. With the Greek myths you could see that a lot of them were mainly love stories such as Venus and Adonis, Cupid and Psyche, and the story of Ceres, Proserpina, and Pluto. Even though most these stories don’t end up in linux a good way you can still tell by reading them that the essay, personality was more playful compared to the Norse gods. The Norse myths were more about battle and struggle with usually an linux resume builder, end result of death such as the story of the Death of Blader or the the screwtape essay, stories of the two heroes Beowulf and linux resume Siegfried. Both Greeks and Norse seemed to have the same idea of fate being important as it can be related to many of both their myths. The Norse called the gods of faith Norns and the Greeks used the now day word fate or Fates (World Book 257) both groups had three of these gods, they were females, and they both of course served the same purpose. One sets out the string of life, another decides the length and decides what is to august thematic essay, happen to this person and the third cuts it off or ends it, which in simple form can be said as one sets the past, another the linux resume builder, present, and the third the future. it seems that the Fates and august thematic Norns were more superior then the gods themselves even though they fall into linux builder, a different realm then the ornekleri, gods which truly shows how important these fates or this idea of fate was to the Greeks and Northen people (World Book 257) As you can see both the Greeks and Norse believed that their lives are predetermined and they can’t really do much about it. The creation of the two stories is also slightly related.
The Norse believed that the world was once frozen over and after years Ymir was born and Ymir was one of the first giants who was later killed by linux resume builder his grandchildren while the Greeks believed the world was formed from chaos were Gaea (mother earth) and Uranus (the heavens), were created. You can draw out from both stories that the creation of the gods and world was a struggle and not a very good place until these superior gods came in power. This idea really shows how much honor both gods had from their people. In each creation story a god raised up to fight the current ruler which was usually. In the Greeks creation Cronus killed Uranus, who later followed the same fate as Uranus, and was killed by Zeus and in the Norse myths Odin fought against Ymir the giant whose body created the earth and heavens. The rulers of both stories can be viewed as brave and powerful because they both had to overthrow the last ruling god. Even with all the other gods it seems that no one comes close to the power that Zeus and Odin held. All in all the great Greek myths and the Norse myths are very similar in basic concepts and structure. A lot of other groups used myths but nothing can compare to the Greek and Norse myths with their great meaning and reason for everything.
Both sides are alike from the creation to the same power structure to the belief have having a preset faith. Literature? The only real difference is the mind set and personality of the stories which can be explained to the major difference of climate between these two countries. Why might they be so similar? Was it that the same idea passed from linux resume, Greek to taxation essay, Roman up north or was it just similar thinking, who knows. Only one thing is linux certain and that is that the Greek and Norse myths are very much alike. While the individual stories of the writing literature, gods and heroes differ, there are a lot of similarities between the builder, two. Both are polytheistic mythologies – they have multiple gods. Often the god can be seen affecting the earth through some natural phenomenon.
For example, Zeus in Greek mythology and Thor in Norse both had a connection to august 2004, lightning. Linux Resume? Gods were often patrons of different trades or types of people. Both Demeter (Greek) and Skadi (Norse) were connected to the harvest. The greatest difference is in the end of the gods. In Greek mythology there is no apocalypse – no end of the world. The gods will always be on Mount Olympus, ruling over the earth. Norse mythology, in contrast, had a definitive end of the world Ragnarok when great heroes of the past would return from the dead to do battle. Writing A Dissertation Proposal Literature Review? During Ragnarok, it was said that the linux builder, gods were fated to die – many of the “top” gods would die in battle with the taxation essay, greatest enemies and creatures of the mythology. Hundreds of builder, years ago people did not have the technology to explain different forces of nature. They created gods, each with separate powers, to rule their domains.
Some of the gods were merciful, some were wicked, and others were merely servants of more powerful gods. Taxation Essay? Looking at resume, the gods, it is aqa igcse literature easy to tell what the civilization most valued. Linux Builder? I am going to look at argumentative essay ornekleri, the Greek and the Norse gods to compare what was most important to their societies. Both cultures had a king of the gods. In Greek mythology there is no god who is more powerful than Zeus.
He is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea, ruler of the Titans. Cronus was told that one of his children would overthrow him, taking control of his kingdom. Linux Builder? To be sure this would not happen; Cronus swallowed his first five children: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon. Rhea could not bear to see another one of her children, devoured so she replaced Zeus with a rock wrapped in proposal swaddling. Cronus, thinking he ate Zeus, left Rhea time to leave Zeus in a cave where he was raised by a divine goat, Amaltheia (pantheon/odin).
After Zeus was grown he went back to Cronus with the linux resume, help of Gaia and argumentative ornekleri Metis, who made an elixir to cause Cronus to vomit his brothers and sisters. Zeus then led the fights against the Titan dynasty. Afterwards they banished the Titans to Tartarus, the builder, lowest place on the screwtape letters essay earth, even lower than the underworld. Zeus and his brothers then drew straws to find who would rule where. Zeus gained rule of the sky, Poseidon ruled the seas, and Hades ruled the underworld (pantheon/odin). Zeus is the god of law, justice, morals, thunder, lightning, and rain. Resume Builder? It was his job to observation person, oversee and make sure laws were being kept. He was worshipped originally as a weather god. He was depicted as a middle-aged man with a youthful appearance; he was regale and was almost always shown ready to linux resume, throw a lightning bolt (pantheon/zeus). The large part of today’s spiritual and intellectual ideas is the result of combining Greek and Norse mythology. Upon comparison of common beliefs held today and those from the days of taxation essay, old, surprising similarities can be found.
The fact that these two sets of linux builder, beliefs were combined is extraordinary, taking into account the observation essay, fact that Greek ideas are almost completely opposite when compared with Norse concepts. Greek mythology was created to escape the horrors found in a barbaric world, and is therefore blissful and resume dreamy. Norse mythology, by contrast, is gloomy and full of impending doom. Although a few similarities can be found, the stark contrast between Greek and Norse mythology is person essay much more obvious. The creation story, as told by Greek mythology, is very different to the Norse creation. In Greek mythology, the gods did not create the universe; rather they were created by the universe. The first descendants of Chaos were Night, Day, Heaven, and Earth. The gods were then descendants of Mother Earth and Father Heaven.
As a direct contrast, in Norse mythology, the linux resume, gods were responsible for building the writing a dissertation proposal literature review, universe. In the Elder Edda, it is stated that, “of old there was nothing.” Giants were the first creatures created, and builder the gods were descendants of the aqa igcse english coursework, first giant, Ymir. The gods then in linux resume builder turn slew Ymir and made the earth, sky, and heaven from his body. The Norse heaven, Asgard, is based on a completely different ideology than where the Greek gods dwelt, Mount Olympus. There is no joy or bliss in aqa igcse english Asgard, merely a dismal sense of doom.
Accompanied with Asgard is the unceasing threat of inevitable and builder complete destruction. The gods who inhabit Asgard know that one day Asgard will eventually be completely inebriated. Mount Olympus, by a dissertation proposal literature review contrast, is a place full of linux, merriment and carefree celebration. The gods spend their time drinking ambrosia and taxation essay toying with the forces of nature. Their every action is for their own joy and delight, not necessarily for the benefit of mankind. Resume? Never does any thought of devastation or doom cross their minds, for the gods of Mount Olympus cannot be brought down.
Another distinction between Greek and Norse mythology is seen in the attitudes of their gods. Essay? The Greek gods are immortal and indestructible while the Norse gods know they will be defeated and annihilated by evil forces. The Greek gods are assured victory in any battle, and cannot be considered heroic for this very reason. Every Olympian is immortal and invincible; they go into a battle sure of their victory and fearing nothing. A drawback to this great advantage is that the linux builder, Greek gods never know the letters essay, exhilaration in overcoming astounding odds, or the adrenaline that comes from confronting danger. Linux Resume? The Norse gods are well accustomed to this type of aqa igcse literature, stimulation, for they exist with the knowledge that they will one day be defeated. In the linux resume, end, when the forces of essay ornekleri, good and linux resume evil fight the final battle, evil will succeed over the Norse gods.
There is nothing the gods can do to prevent their fate. The gods do not give up, but will put up a strong fight until the very end. In all cultures, a hero is one who closely resembles the gods; therefore Norse heroes are always destined for doom, but face their fate fearlessly. Norse heroes confront disaster, knowing they cannot escape through heroic deeds. The Norsemen felt that the ultimate proof of a hero is argumentative essay ornekleri continuing to resist while facing certain death.
In this manner, the hero dies undefeated, for builder he did not let even death falter his courage. Signy, a Norse heroine, embodies these ideas. She dies along with her enemy after getting revenge for her family’s death. Her heroic death is taxation essay more of a triumph than avenging the wrong done to her. Mark Twain stated that, “Courage is linux resume builder resistance to fear, mastery of fear not absence of fear.” The Norse idea of a hero embraces this idea, but the Greek notion of a hero opposes it. Contrasting to the Norse heroes, Greek heroes are fierce warriors who seem unconquerable. As Norse heroes are like Norse gods, so are Greek heroes like Greek gods in that they appear invincible. They slay monsters left and right, avenge those who have been wronged, and overcome all odds. A Dissertation Proposal Literature? The true test of a Greek hero is found in his strength, courage, or lack of builder, fear, and brave deeds. A Dissertation Literature? Hercules, the quintessential Greek hero, was the most loved and most famed of all heroes in Greek culture.
The son of a mortal woman and Zeus, Hercules is half god and half human. Oftentimes appearing godlike himself, Hercules possesses an incredible amount of strength, and fears nothing. His innumerable counts of linux resume, bravery even include aiding the gods in conquering the letters, Giants. A major difference between Greek and Norse mythology can be found in the personalities of Zeus and Odin. The Greek Zeus is Lord of the Sky and ruler over resume builder, all the writing proposal literature review, other gods.
He is a powerful god with the ability to induce fear, but also, “a capital figure of fun.” Zeus is linux supposed to have upheld the standards of right and wrong, but this is not always a very high standard. Taxation Essay? He entertains numerous affairs with mortal women and delights in causing trouble for mankind. Zeus is often pictured as amorous, joyful, and comic. Odin, Zeus’ Norse counterpart, is also the linux builder, sky father and ruler of the other Norse gods. Other than their similar roles in mythology, Zeus and Odin could not be more opposite. Odin is always described as being strange, solemn, and detached, a probable result of his constant grapple with threatening doom. While Zeus spends his time frolicking with other women, Odin seeks as much knowledge as possible, often gained only through physical trials. He alone bears the brunt of the responsibility for delaying as long as possible the day of complete destruction. The chasm between Greek and Norse mythology is huge. Norse mythology is full of essay, despair, sacrifice, and desolation, creating a dark and gloomy portrayal of Norse culture.
The only bright spot in Norse mythology is remarkable heroism, which is characteristically marked by the death of the protagonist. Greek mythology contains stories of great victories over evil, love, adventure, and a carefree life. The hero inevitably wins and mankind is linux resume always celebrated. It seems impossible that the two could become one, but as different as they are, Greek and Norse mythology have combined to form the essay, culture of the linux builder, modern world. The Norms exist in the Norse mythology as the three creatures that determine Fate. Before they came to Asgard time did not exist. A Dissertation Proposal Literature? Because of this, one can say that the Norms are above the gods in such meaning that the gods cannot stop the Norms from doing their job, which is to create time. Without time one cannot determine Fate, because then you don’t know when the events are going to take place or in which order. The Norms visit each being, human or god, immediately after they are borne to determine his or her future.
Even though some stories say that there are many Norns, there are usually three mentioned; Urd (past), Skuld (present) and Verdandi (future). These creatures live by the first root of Yggdrasil (the world tree) next to linux resume, a well, which is known as the Well of Fate. Every morning they come out of the cave they spend their night in, then scoop up water and mix it with the a dissertation proposal review, sand around the tree to create magic dough. They spread it on Yggdrasil to prevent it from become rotten and preserve the life spirit of the tree (Kirk, 1974). The Fates of Greek mythology are also known as the Moirae or Apparotioners. Linux? These three females decide how long every individual is going to live.
They were sometimes considered superior to the screwtape letters, the gods. They were called Clotho (the Spinner), Lachesis (the Drawer of Fates) and Atropos (Inevitable). Clotho comes to the newborn and spins out the thread of life, Lachesis measures it and decides what is going to happen to this being and Atropos cuts it off. (Kirk, 1974).There is linux a verse about them to remember what they did: Clotho colum retinet, Lachesis net, et Atropos occat, which means Clotho holds the spinning wheel, Lachesis spins and Atropos cuts it off. (B3) They are often imagined sitting around a cauldron or a spinning wheel. (Kirk, 1974).In both sets of mythologies the observation person, creatures that determine Fate are identical in purpose, gender and number. Linux Resume? They are both above the gods and their jobs are inevitable for everyone. No one can go against the Fates. There are several Greek stories, which tell about the 2004 thematic essay, tragedy of the persons who try to overcome their fate (e.g. Oedipus).
In Norse mythology Odin himself learns about his fate (being killed during Ragnar??k, the doomsday, by the wolf Fenris) from the Norms, and there is linux resume nothing he can do about it but prepare himself and his allies. Argumentative? Both the resume builder, Norms and the Fates were thought as sitting around something circular, this may represent the circle of life, which is not exclusive to these myths. If we consider the mythologies as a reflection of the society, the conclusion is coursework that both the Greeks and Vikings believed that their lives were already decided and one can only follow his/hers fate. This maybe made it easier for people to live, as no matter what they did it was already predicted. Linux? As written, the power of the Weird Sisters was inevitable for writing a dissertation proposal review everyone (Kirk, 1974).
The Greek and Roman Mythologies have fascinated human beings for centuries, inspiring books, movies, research, and conversation among those who want to learn more and who want to linux, share the fables of the essay ornekleri, Gods and Goddesses. Builder? Their stories (myths or mythos, depending on the origin), their triumphs and observation person essay failures, and their imminent Immortality has been the influence of many other religions, including Paganism and Norse Mythology. Unfortunately, many people do not know the differences between Greek and Roman mythology, assuming that the two are interchangeable at will. In reality, the linux, two are very different from one another, and capture almost opposing life values that are central to the people of the time. Greek and Roman gods were not worshipped, as the Christian God is, but rather used as a model for how mortal humans should and should not behave. The Greeks came first, some 1,000 years before the Romans. Their most appreciated work, the Iliad, was distributed 700 years before the Roman’s most popular manuscript, the Aeneid. The Iliad was based on taxation essay at least 300 years of myths and stories, which were gathered from the tales passed down by mortal observant, which certainly correlates with the Christian Bible. It was not meant as a holy scripture, however, but as a recorded history of the resume builder, Greek Gods and Goddesses, who were revered by men during that time. The Greeks were focused primarily on life on august thematic essay earth, versus the eventuality of the afterlife. They believed that a man’s worth was determined by his actions during his life, and that his true immortality was in the remembrance of resume, his gifts to the world.
His traits, his personality, and his interaction with other people spoke for his self-worth. Gods and Goddesses were based on aqa igcse english coursework human personality traits – such as Love, Honor, Dignity, and Hatred – and their actions in builder myths were symbolic of the literature, actions of men. Many myths involved a mortal or a deity snatching something back from the Underworld, which illustrated their belief that the afterlife was not of any concern, and that it was the pysical world that was important. Poets, artists, and those who gave themselves to creative pursuits were well-honored by the Greeks. They held creativity above physical works in the mortal and resume mythical world; myths reflected those personal traits and were meant to expose the positive and negative aspects of humanity. Deities were important to the progression of life, but mortal heros were just as sacred, for a dissertation proposal literature it was their contributions to society that mattered in the end.
Individualism was also very important; the actions of a group were not as consequential as the actions of an individual. Men were responsible for their own well-being, and could not be bothered by the mistakes of the masses. Romans, on the other hand, were far more disciplined than the Greeks, and focused on actions rather than words. Whereas the Greeks revered the poet, the Romans held up the warrior as the epitome of sanctity, and rewarded bravery and risks taken by both mortals and deities. They strongly felt that good deeds on earth would be well-received in Heaven, and they strove to earn their place among the Gods in the afterlife.
In fact, they believed that if one performed well enough in life, that they would transcend to Gods after death. The Romans adopted many of the myths and deities of the Greeks, though they changed names and circumstances to support their own beliefs. Linux Resume? For example, the Roman Gods were not individualistic, as were the Greek Gods, and were named after objects and actions rather than human characteristics. Myths were rooted in the brave, heroic acts of the thematic essay, Gods, and rarely displayed the lives of mortals, because mortal life was not as important as that after death. Also, Roman Gods and Goddesses were often not gender-specific, since their individual characteristics were not central to their actions.
Roman and Greek Mythologies are decidedly different, though they are rooted in similar histories. A study of their individual characteristics illustrates the linux builder, values and beliefs of the Greeks and Romans respectively, and can offer a better understanding of how these myths and anecdotes originally came about. In Western culture there are a number of literary or narrative genres that scholars have related in different ways to myths. Examples are fables, fairy tales, folktales, sagas, epics, legends, and etiologic tales (which refer to causes or explain why a thing is the way it is). Another form of tale, the parable, differs from myth in its purpose and character. Even in the screwtape letters essay the West, however, there is no agreed definition of linux resume builder, any of these genres and some scholars question whether multiplying categories of person essay, narrative is helpful at all, as opposed to working with a very general concept such as the traditional tale.
Non-Western cultures apply classifications that are different both from the Western categories and linux resume from one another. Most, however, make a basic distinction between “true” and “fictitious” narratives, with “true” ones corresponding to what in english coursework the West would be called myths. If it is accepted that the category of traditional tale should be subdivided, one way of doing so is to regard the various subdivisions as comparable to bands of color in a spectrum. Within this figurative spectrum, there will be similarities and analogies between myth and folktale or between myth and linux resume legend or between fairy tale and folktale. In the section that follows, it is assumed that useful distinctions can be drawn between different categories. It should, however, be remembered throughout that these classifications are far from rigid and that, in many cases, a given tale might be plausibly assigned to more than one category. The importance of studying myth to provide a key to english literature, a human society is a matter of linux, historical record. In the middle of the august 2004, 19th century, for instance, a newly appointed British governor of New Zealand, Sir George Grey, was confronted by linux builder the problem of how to writing review, come to terms with the Maori, who were hostile to the British. He learned their language, but that proved insufficient for an understanding of the way in which they reasoned and argued. Linux Resume? In order to observation person essay, be able to conduct negotiations satisfactorily, he found it necessary to study the Maori’s mythology, to which they made frequent reference.
Other government officials and linux builder Christian missionaries of the 19th and 20th centuries made similar efforts to understand the mythologies of nations or tribes so as to facilitate communication. Such studies were more than a means to an end, whether efficient administration or conversion; they amounted to the discovery that myths present a model or charter for man’s behavior and that the world of myth provides guidance for crucial elements in human existence–war and peace, life and death, truth and falsehood, good and writing literature evil. In addition to such practically motivated attempts to understand myth, theorists and scholars from many disciplines have interested themselves in linux resume the study of the subject. A close study of myth has developed in the West, especially since the 18th century. Aqa Igcse? Much of its material has come from the study of the Greek and Roman classics, from resume, which it has also derived some of its methods of interpretation. The growth of philosophy in ancient Greece furthered allegorical interpretations of myth–i.e., finding other or supposedly deeper meanings hidden below the surface of mythical texts. Such meanings were usually seen as involving natural phenomena or human values.
Related to aqa igcse english literature, this was a tendency toward rationalism, especially when those who studied myths employed false etymologies. Rationalism in this context connotes the scrutiny of myths in such a way as to make sense of the statements contained in linux resume builder them without taking literally their references to gods, monsters, or the supernatural. Thus, the person, ancient writer Palaiphatos interpreted the resume builder, story of Europa (carried off to Crete on the back of a handsome bull, which was actually Zeus in disguise) as that of a woman abducted by a Cretan called Tauros, the Greek word for bull; and Skylla, the bestial and cannibalistic creature who attacked Odysseus’ ship according to Homer’s Odyssey, was by the same process of rationalizing interpreted as simply the name of aqa igcse english literature coursework, a pirate ship. Of special and linux resume long-lasting influence in the history of the interpretation of myth was Euhemerism (named after Euhemerus, a Greek writer who flourished about 300 BC), according to which certain gods were originally great people venerated because of coursework, their benefactions to mankind. The early Church Fathers adopted an attitude of modified Euhemerism, according to which classical mythology was to be explained in terms of linux resume, mere men who had been raised to superhuman, demonic status because of their deeds. By this means, Christians were able to incorporate myths from the culturally authoritative pagan past into a Christian framework while defusing their religious significance–the gods became ordinary humans. The Middle Ages did not develop new theoretical perspectives on myth, nor, despite some elaborate works of taxation essay, historical and etymological erudition, did the Renaissance.
In both periods, interpretations in terms of linux, allegory and Euhemerism tended to predominate. About 1800 the Romantics’ growing fascination with language, the postulation of an english literature, Indo-European language family, the study of Sanskrit, and the growth of resume builder, comparative studies, especially in history and philology, were all part of aqa igcse english coursework, a trend that included the study of myth. The relevance of Indo-European studies to an understanding of Greek and Roman mythology was carried to an extreme in the work of linux builder, Friedrich Max Muller, a German Orientalist who moved to Britain and undertook important research on comparative linguistics. In his view, expressed in such works as Comparative Mythology (1856), the writing literature review, mythology of the original Indo-European peoples had consisted of allegorical stories about the workings of nature, in particular such features as the sky, the Sun, and the dawn. In the course of time, though, these original meanings had been lost (through, in Muller’s notorious phrasing, a “disease of language”), so that the myths no longer told in a “rationally intelligible” way of linux resume, phenomena in the natural world but instead appeared to essay, describe the “irrational” activities of gods, heroes, nymphs, and others. For instance, one Greek myth related the pursuit of the nymph Daphne by the god Phoebus Apollo.
Since–in Muller’s interpretation of the evidence of comparative linguistics–“Daphne” originally meant “dawn,” and “Phoibos” meant “morning sun,” the original story was rationally intelligible as “the dawn is put to flight by the morning sun.” One of the problems with this view is, of course, that it fails to account for the fact that the linux resume builder, Greeks continued to argumentative, tell this and similar stories long after their supposed meanings had been forgotten; and they did so, moreover, in the manifest belief that the stories referred, not to nature, but precisely to gods, heroes, and other mythical beings. Interest in myth was greatly stimulated in linux resume Germany by Friedrich von Schelling’s philosophy of the screwtape letters, mythology, which argued that myth was a form of builder, expression, characteristic of argumentative essay ornekleri, a particular stage in human development, through which men imagine the Absolute (for Schelling an all-embracing unity in linux resume which all differences are reconciled). Scholarly interest in myth has continued into aqa igcse english literature, the 20th century. Many scholars have adopted a psychological approach because of interest aroused by the theories of Sigmund Freud. Subsequently, new approaches in sociology and anthropology have continued to encourage the study of resume builder, myth.
In the industrialized Western society of the 20th century, myths and related types of tales continue to coursework, be told. Urban folklorists collect stories that have much in common with the tales collected by the Grimm brothers, except that in linux builder the modern narratives the lone traveler is likely to be threatened, not by a werewolf, but by a phantom hitchhiker, and the location of his danger may be a freeway rather than a forest. Computer games use sophisticated technology to represent quests involving dragons to be slain and princesses to be saved and married. The myth of writing a dissertation proposal literature review, Superman, the linux, superhuman hero who saves the world and preserves “the American way,” is a notable image embodying modern Americans’ confidence in the moral values that their culture espouses. Not dissimilar are myths about the early pioneers in the American Wild West, as retold in countless motion pictures. Such stories often reinforce stereotypical attitudes about the moral superiority of the settlers to the native Indians, although sometimes such attitudes are called into question in other movies that attempt to essay, demythologize the Wild West. A particular illustration of the linux, power that myths continue to exert was provided as late as the 1940s by the belief in the existence of an Aryan racial group, separate from and superior to the Semitic group.
This myth was based in part on the assumption that peoples whose languages are related are also related racially. The fact that this assumption is spurious did not prevent the Aryan myth from gaining wide acceptance in Europe from the 18th century onward, and it was eventually to provide a supposed intellectual justification for the persecution of the Semitic Jews by their Aryan Germanic “superiors” during the argumentative ornekleri, period of linux resume, Nazi domination. This episode suggests that, in politics, a myth will take hold if it serves the interests and focuses the aspirations of english coursework, a particular group; the truth or falsity of the myth is irrelevant. In a sense, of course, this function is resume builder merely an taxation essay, extension of its more general role in linux resume religion, where a myth, as well as addressing questions such as a society’s place in the cosmos, may serve to justify a particular kind of governmental organization. In conclusion, if we think of aqa igcse literature coursework, myths as true, if we believe in them, then obviously, we are thinking in religious terms. But belief is also psychological: some say humans need to believe in some power greater than them.
Others, like Joseph Campbell, see the origins of myth and builder religion in the psychological response of thematic essay, early man to the trauma of death. Thus, belief in a greater power arises when humans are faced with the resume builder, mystery of what happens after death. The earliest efforts to rationalize myth by seeing it as disguised history, as disguised philosophy, or as fables illustrating moral truths all proceeded from a desire to essay, make the seemingly irrational and immoral actions of gods and men appear rational and builder moral. Thus, bizarre or grotesque elements in the stories could be rationalized as disguised history, philosophy, or morality. However, these early rationalizes often ignored elements of the myths which did not fit into their allegorical schemes and made little attempt to look at myths psychologically or symbolically, or to place the them in their proper historical context. (The “history” of these early “euhemerizers” was often mere wishful thinking, as when they saw Zeus as a tribal hero who had been deified.) But myths do embody historical, philosophical, and moral elements; we must search for them more carefully than early mythologists did. Students should remember, however, that the symbolic, religious, ritual, or magical explanations that myths offer may differ from modern scientific or historical explanations.
Something as great as God may be quite difficult for taxation essay limited human minds to comprehend, Joseph Campbell says we can only know God through stories and symbols, or myth. But our stories are human and limited, and thus cannot, according to Campbell, tell literal truths, but all can and do tell metaphoric and symbolic truths. Ritual is another way in which humans attempt to embody or even call upon linux resume builder, the unknown. Ritual patterns may reappear in myths and mythic motifs may be reflected in a dissertation proposal review rituals (Hero 381). But there is resume no easy rule for tracing the influence of ritual on myth or vice-versa. Mythologists continue to argue whether the repetitive patterns of motifs and plot seen in many myths stem from ritual patterns (Hero 381), or from psychological archetypes inherent in humans, or from the repetition common in oral forms of storytelling (Hero 381). No one way offers a key to taxation essay, the interpretation of resume, myths, but all can offer insights to different motifs and plot elements. Aqa Igcse English Coursework? When interpreting myths, students should remember Campbell’s wise advice: “There is no final system for the interpretation of linux resume builder, myths, and there never will be any such thing” (Hero 381). This may sound like a cheerless sentence, but cheer up: there may be no foolproof system, but there are ways to trap the truth in august 2004 myths. According to Campbell, myths are like the god Proteus (sometimes called the resume, Old Man of the Sea) in observation essay the Odyssey who “always speaks the truth” (Homer 52, my emphasis). Linux Resume? But first you must catch him and hold onto him, which isn’t easy because he constantly changes shapes in order to get away. “He will turn into all sorts of shapes to try you, into all the taxation essay, creatures of that live and move upon the earth, into linux, water, into blazing fire; but you must hold him fast and press him all the harder” (Homer 53).
Great advice for any student of argumentative essay, myth! Hold onto that story, no matter how much it changes or how weird it seems, and eventually it will calm down and answer your questions. But Proteus only answers the specific questions put to linux resume builder, him. So, to get good answers, you have to ask a lot of different questions. Brandenberg, Aliki .The Greek Gods and Goddesses of Olympus. p. 30. 1994.
Burkert, Walter. Ancient Mystery Cults. The Screwtape Letters? Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1987. Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1968. Cook, Zeus Cambridge University Press, 1914, I, figs 397, 398. Curtius, Ernst Robert. European Literature and builder the Latin Middle Ages. Trans.
Willard R. Trask. New York: Harper, 1963. David Syme Russel. Daniel. (Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press, 1981) 191. Dundes, Alan. “The Flood as Male Myth of Creation.” The Flood Myth. Ed. Aqa Igcse English? Alan Dundes. Berkeley: U of California P, 1988. 167-182. Durant, The Life of Greece (The Story of Civilization Part II, New York: Simon Schuster) 1939:23.
Eliade, Mircea. The Myth of the Eternal Return or, Cosmos and History. 1949. Trans. Willard R. Linux Resume? Trask. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1965. Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York: Meridian Books, 1959. Gennep, Arnold van. The Rites of Passage. 1909.
Trans. Monika B. Vizedom and G. L. Caffee. Writing A Dissertation Proposal Literature Review? Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1960. Greek and Roman Mythology”, Mythology: Myths, Legends, Fantasy, Sweet Water Press, 2003, p. 21, ISBN 9781468265903. Thorfinnsson, Snorri . The prose Edda: Norse mythology. London: Penguin, 2005. Print. Hesiod. Works and Days / Theogony. Trans.
Stanley Lombardo. Indianapolis: Hacket, 1993. Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. W. Linux Resume? H. D. Rouse. New York: NAL 1937. Hamilton, Edith .Mythology (1998 ed.). New York: Back Bay Books. p. 467. 1942.
ISBN 978-0-316-34114-1. Jung, Carl Gustav and aqa igcse english literature Carl Ker??nyi. Essays on linux resume a Science of Mythology. 1949. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963. Kirk, G. S. The Nature of taxation essay, Greek Myths. New York: Penguin, 1974. Leach, Edmund. Claude L??vi-Strauss. New York: Penguin, 1970.
Morford, Mark P. O. and Robert J. Lenardon. Resume? Classical Mythology. 4th ed. New York: Longman, 1991. Pointed out by argumentative essay Bernard Clive Dietrich, The Origins of Greek Religion (de Gruyter) 1973:15. Richard Wyatt Hutchinson, Prehistoric Crete, (Harmondsworth: Penguin) 1968:204, mentions that there is no classical reference to the death of linux resume, Zeus (noted by Dietrich 1973:16 note 78). Rodney Castleden, Minoans: Life in Bronze-Age Crete, “The Minoan belief-system” (Routledge) 1990:125. Seznec, Jean. The Survival of the Ancient Gods. New York: Harper, 1961.
Wells,JohnC. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow, England: Longman.1990. ISBN 0582053838. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom History essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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