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Algebra research papers

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Successfully managed and algebra, staffed not only on high business start-ups,but also periods of rapid, sustained corporate growth. (Number of years) of management experience on industrial projects. Installed different operating systems, software and hardware. Compiled and edited comprehensive quality control reports. For each position describe your responsibilities, duties, the challenges faced and accomplishments achieved. Use specific examples e.g.. Increased car sales turnover by 200%or saved department $100,000 by redesigning performance measurement system.

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Use this section to show a potential employer your overall work-related skills and essay, abilities including languages and technical skills. Algebra Papers? Please note that your skills are one of the afro poetry reflective essays, KEY search criteria in Employer searches so make sure you include all technical, analytical, professional and other skills. German- Intermediate. Microsoft Office software the Internet- Expert. MS Word, Excel, Access, Power Point, MS Project, Project Workbench and papers, Lotus Notes- Expert. C, Cobol, Fortran and SQL - Expert. Quantitative Analysis- Expert. Creative Skills- Expert. Focus on skills that match your target job and caregivers, target company.

Use this section to include industry keywords that match an employer's keyword search. For example: Knowledge of encryption theory Describe your interpersonal skills, (an experienced presenter/ public speaker / sales person, organizer or teacher). Use action verbs. Listing references is optional but it is always a good idea to include them. List the name and contact information of references.

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Journal of Algebra - Elsevier

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Journal of Algebra - Elsevier

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10 practical tips for research, writing better exam essays. The key words in the title are practical and exam . Last week I ran a “competition” to write an of research paper essay on aid and poverty. The essays I received were spectacularly good and I do suggest you check them out in algebra research papers, the comments section. My one worry though was were they really practical essays in an exam. My essay, which you will find below, is I think much simpler than almost all the essays I received and perhaps a more practical model for for research paper apa, exams. I should add that these are mostly band score 8.0 writing tips and are written especially for candidates who are aiming high. The moral is: 1. Read write read write read write read write read write read. Algebra Research Papers. What does this mean?

It means that you should go back and read the paragraph you have just written before you start the essay on high college tuition, next one. Algebra Papers. You may think that this is a waste of time. If so, you’d be wrong. It’s important to supply and demand essay link your paragraphs together what more practical way to do that than just read what you have written? It helps you with words for the next paragraph it is algebra good to repeat some words as this improves your coherence.

Look at my sample essay to see how I repeat/reflect language. In one paragraph I talk about the short term, this makes it easy to move onto the long term in the next paragraph. You may also want to check out my series of lessons on the process of writing IELTS essays where you will find a much more detailed explanation of this, 2. Don’t be smart, be clear select your best idea. Mla Format. One of my very first posts/articles on this site was headed “IELTS is not a test of intelligence”. While the post itself now looks a little old, the advice is still good. You are being tested on algebra, the quality of your English, not on the quality of your ideas. This advice is particularly important for candidates who come from an academic background where they are used to and demand being graded on quality and quantity of ideas.

IELTS is different: it is quite possible to write a band 9.0 essay and not include some key #8220;academic#8221; ideas, let alone all the papers, ideas. The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about that. That means not writing everything you know leave some ideas out . Don’t worry if it is not your best explanation, worry about of research paper, whether it is your clearest explanation. 3. Write about what you know relax about ideas. This is a similar idea. IELTS is an international exam (that’s the “I” in IELTS) and algebra, the questions are written to be answered by anyone around the world. Some people stress about finding ideas. They shouldn’t. The ideas you need are generally simple (eg”I disagree”, “This is not a good idea”). The practical solution is to think about what YOU know and what YOUR experience is. If you look at the question, this is what it tells you to do.

If you come from persuasive speech online, Bonn, write about Bonn; if you come from Ulan Bator, write about Ulan Bator! 4. Examples are easier to write than explanations. In an exam you are under pressure. You want to make things as easy for yourself as possible. One practical idea to algebra research achieve this is to focus as much on buy a persuasive speech online, examples as explanations when you write.

Why? It’s simply harder if you only think “because”. Some of the algebra research, ideas may be very complex and, under pressure, it can be difficult to explain these with reasons. What may happen is that your sentences become too long and the ideas confused. The practical bit is to afro american drama poetry concentrate as much on examples. This is a good idea as examples tend to research papers be easier to write as you are simply describing situations. You should also note that the supply, instructions tell you to use examples! All you need to do is make sure that your examples are relevant to the main idea.

5. Don’t write too much the examiner is paid by the minute. There is no upper word limit I know of, but it really isn’t a good idea to write 350 words or more. Here’s why: Examiners will only spend so much time looking at any essay. Write too much and they will read what you wrote “less carefully”. Research Papers. It is easier to read/grade a 300 word essay than a 400 word essay!

The more you write, the more likely you are to make language mistakes. The more you write, the more likely you are to go off topic. Supply Essay. The examiner won’t read/grade anything that doesn’t directly relate to the question. If you write less, you give yourself more time to choose the best words and that’s what you are being graded on. Algebra Research. If you write less, you give yourself more time to go back and check what you have written. One of the most famous philosophical thoughts is “know yourself”. For Research Apa. How does this apply to algebra research papers exam writing? Did Plato really have IELTS in american drama, mind when he wrote his dialogues? Well, no, but#8230; The idea is that you should check for your mistakes when you write.

The practical part here is that you shouldn’t check for mistakes generally that’s too hard and probably a waste of time in the exam. What isn’t a waste of time though is to research look for mistakes you know you can correct the ones you normally make! The really practical thing is to have your own checklist in your head before you start writing. 7. See the whole essay in your head before you start writing. It’s very important that your essay is a whole that all the bits fit together.

If you don’t do that, you may lose significant marks for both coherence and task response. This means planning of course. Planning bothers some people and bores others. There are different ways to do this, but at the very least have a map of your essay in your head. Tuition. 8. Algebra Research. Focus on the backbone of your essay. This is a related point. All the essay matters of course, but perhaps some bits matter more than others.

I’d suggest the practical thing to do is essay on high tuition concentrate on the backbone of your essay, the bits that help you write better and the examiner to understand better. The backbone is: The introduction : this should identify the question and papers, outline your position. Essay College. Don’t rush it as it is the papers, first thing the essay, examiner will read. First impressions count. The first/topic sentences of each paragraph : these should be clear and to the point. They should identify exactly what that paragraph is about and show how it relates to the rest of the essay. The practical tip is to keep the detail/clever ideas for the body of the paragraph. Start off general and then build towards the specific.

The conclusion : this is the easiest part of the essay normally. Most often, all you need to do is go back to the introduction and rephrase it. Get these bits right and the rest of the essay tends to take care of itself. Research. 9. Don’t just practice whole essays. The best way to learn to write essays is to write essays?

True or false? My answer is a bit of both. Buy A Persuasive Speech. Yes, you do need to algebra practise writing complete essays, but it may be a mistake to do only that. The different part of essays require slightly different skills. To write an introduction, you need to and demand be able to paraphrase the question.

To write a body paragraph, you need to be able to research explain ideas. Of Research. To write a conclusion, you need to be able summarise. Algebra Research. The practical suggestion is to practise writing introductions, body paragraphs and conclusions separately. Buy A Speech Online. Focus on skills. 10. Focus on the question and refocus on the question. I have left this one to last as it is for me the algebra research, most important idea.

Essays go wrong for different reasons. Some of these you may not be able to avoid: the quality of your English may not be good enough yet. The one mistake you can always avoid is essay caregivers that you didn’t answer the algebra research papers, question. Too many essays go wrong because candidates didn’t read and think about the buy a online, question properly. The practical suggestion: before you write each paragraph, refer back to the question to remind yourself about what you are meant to algebra research papers write about. It is very easy to get carried away in exams.

You may start off on topic, then you have a “good idea” as you write. So you write about that. Buy A Persuasive Speech. Sadly, that “good idea” may not fully relate to the question. Big problem. My sample essay on poverty and aid. This essay which you can download below is intended to be an example of the ideas in this post. It is fairly simple in structure. It focuses clearly on the question I left many of my best ideas out. I concentrated on what I could explain clearly. It comes in at only just over algebra, 300 words.

This is where I catalogue all my writing materials. Buy A Persuasive Speech. If you are looking for more specific advice, this is the place to start. The ideas here are similar and you will find more general guidance on dos and don#8217;ts in IELTS essays. Algebra. How to like it, share it and save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of mla format of research paper, my site.

Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 96 Responses to 10 practical tips for writing better exam essays. Algebra. Thank you, Dominic. Very useful. And a very nice essay! fanks so much, this is excellent. Essay Caregivers. Thanks for all your tips. I think it is really useful for algebra, me. thank you!! This is and demand essay a big help for me #128521; Thanks for papers, good information. Essay On High College Tuition. Really it is very help full. now i got why i dropped out the last two exams. hope these tips will help a lot in my test to achieve a good score#8230;thanks for tips..

I want to write exam. Can we use #8216;quotation#8217; in the essay (task 2)? Umm, I actually have a plan to algebra research papers start my essay with quotation (of course if the topic allows me to table paper do so). To illustrate, lets say the topic is #8216;Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the algebra papers, society in which they are sold#8217;. Buy A. To what exten do you agree or disagree. Can I have the following introduction: #8216;Brother, please convince dad to research papers buy me Galaxy S4#8217;-said my 12 years old younger brother. I was wondering why a 12 years old would need a Galaxy S4. Then I realized he actually does not need this, it is the eye catching advertisements that made him feel he needs this. Truely, people nowadays buy many things because of the american drama poetry reflective essays, attractive advertisements, even if they actually do not need this. Umm how do you rate this introduction? Is there any problem to use #8216;quotation#8217;?

The instruction says that you should use any relevant examples or experience. So logically there should not be any problem, right? But the problem is algebra I have not seen this approach in any of the model answers. Of Contents For Research Paper Apa. So not sure whether this is a good one. Thanks in advance. Please tell me what is wrong with me writing and how I should improve my writing to algebra research papers get 7 or even 8 easily. Nowadays, everyone wants to be famous and tries to be shown on the silver screen. Afro Essays. Although some people reckon that fame has a lot of merits, others have a different idea in this. In this essay, both advantages and algebra research papers, disadvantages of being a celebrity will be elaborated.

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Thank you! You are my angel. Algebra Research Papers. i hope that ,it is useful my ilets exam,thanks for giving good message. Essay. Thank you for ur kind information#8230;.. These informations will be surely useful for ma future life#8230;. thank you, good advice is beyond price. A big thank you Dominic.. Research Papers. I was able to clear IELTS(7) by following your website. It is extremely valid for IELTS preparation, since you should be aware of the essay caregivers, scoring criteria. thanx a lot ,,4 nice tips. Algebra Research. Thank you sir for your best effort#8230;. Myriad of essay, thanks for letting me be courageous to dream for algebra research, a better score than I really deserve in the real test. Good,better and even best tips. thank you for afro american poetry, all informations. Thanks for your advice! it will be very useful to study for papers, the exam.

However, I want you to ask for one last advice#8230; I dont know how to start studying for the writing test, what do you think is the order of steps to success? thanks in advance. The practical advice here is to select your best idea and essay college tuition, write about that. That means not writing everything you know. these tips are obsolutely marvellous.i will use it to algebra research score my ielts writing. Really nice tips. I was first surprised that the SBI PO exam also involves an English descriptive test that may even ask you to write essay. Table Of Contents. I was never good at essay writing, but now, I am getting better thanks to such wonderful tips and online practice material I got. Research Papers. Working more on afro american drama reflective essays, my exam preparation with more practice tests. Thanks your tips have certainly cleared many concepts that were ambiguous for me. Research. thanks again! very nice helpfull. I#8217;m just talking from that #8216;Lett#8217;s GCSE guide to buy a speech online get an A/A*#8217; Why are you doing their job in a complete opposite behaviour?! Writing essays in exam is very hard thing in our school days#8230;#8230;.

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Thank you for this informative and useful website. Superb! I would like to ask you a question about how to give a good or example in writing task 2. 1. What makes a good hypothetical or generalization example ? 2. Can we make up data for the example as in the report writing? For example, give specific organization name, data, percentage, etc. in order to research papers make the example persuasive. Thanks in advance. 1. hard question to answer without an example. But let me try. Let us imaging you#8217;re writing about #8220;happiness#8221;. You could use a conditional such as. Some men might lead more fulfilled lives if they became full-time parents and looked after their children. 2. Yes you can.

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They are of of contents for research paper apa, great help to me. Nice thanx a lot for the tips.I was really in need of algebra research papers, it. Thnq u very much. Thanks for the advice, I jotted the main points and essay tuition, memorised it for my selective exams. I really think your tips improved my way of #8216;thinking#8217; when it comes to essays. I found it v.helpful. thanx now i can prepare for papers, my exams #128512; Its a good tip nw i think i will get satisfaction marks in my exam. Thank you very much with your tips hoping that i will Pass my Exams. Table Of Contents Paper Apa. thanks a lot for this information, this surely has improved my essay writing. Thanks for research papers, clear my mind..

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essay on catholic AN ESSAY ON CATHOLIC MARRIAGE. Rama Coomaraswamy, M.D. It is no accident, as the Socialists say, that Socialism and Sex (or free love) come in together as advanced ideas. They supplement each other. Russian dissident Igor Shafarevich, in his profound book The Socialist Phenomenon, explains that the Socialist project of homogenizing society demands that the family be vitiated or destroyed. Research? This can be accomplished in good measure by profaning conjugal love and essay on high college breaking monogamy's link between Sex and loyalty.

Hence, in their missionary phases Socialist movements often stress sexual liberation, and members of radical organizations may impose mandatory promiscuity within the research papers, group, everyone sharing a bed with each of the others, each equally related to each. It is the ultimate in leveling. Few Americans will buy a bottle labeled Socialism. The cunning of the Socialist hive has consisted largely in its skill in piggybacking on the more attractive things. Essay? Like Sex. Now it is obvious that the Evil one, who from the beginning has wanted to algebra research papers poison and tuition destroy the algebra research papers, work of the Creator, will rage incessantly against these four - marriage, sexuality, love, procreation - for he hates everything about them. In all times and places it has been man's delight to think of human love as a type of divine Love and of human marriage as a type of the marriage of the soul with God Many marriages get into trouble.

The causes of afro drama poetry reflective, this can be listed as the world, the flesh and the devil. This old canard is not without meaning. The world imposes innumerable pressures on research, marriage both by its value system or rather, negative value system, and by the difficulties of earning an adequate and honorable living. How often our children are mis-educated and our women forced to mla format paper work outside the home if the family is to survive as an economic unit. The flesh relates to those problems that arise from within ourselves. A marital couple in conflict can truly be said to papers be at table war - one is reminded of algebra papers, St. Paul's question, whence come your wars? - they come from your greeds and your lusts. And finally, there is the devil - or evil - which greatly delights in the destruction of marriage and afro american poetry reflective essays the perversion of sex. There is much talk in algebra research Catholic literature of marriage, but very little of sex. Of Research Paper? Hence I shall try in what follows to deal with this delicate topic, as well as with love and marriage. Catholics are faced with a serious dilemma with regard to sex.

Brought up in an alien culture, bombarded with the distortions of the media, and algebra research papers strongly influenced by a scientific and biological educational background based on false philosophical and theological principles, they have increasingly tended to see sex only in its biological setting. In addition to such influences, they are also subjected to a variety of distorted opinions on the subject from supposedly traditional sources. What I hope to apa do in algebra research what follows is present some insights into the Catholic view of sex based on documents drawn from the buy a persuasive online, Church's Magisterium. In order to do this let us for a moment consider the nature of man - for sex must be placed within a given context. Unfortunately most of us have been influenced by evolutionary theory and hence we tend to see Natural Selection as a driving force in our lives. If man is only a higher form of animal, the product of natural evolution, then it logically follows that man's sexual and erotic life is seen in terms of an algebra research, extension of animal instincts. The ultimate, positive basis of human eroticism becomes the biological purpose of the species, usually seen in apa terms of survival. Not dissimilar to the purely biological point of view, is that which embraces the concept that sex is natural and that repressive cultural forces or religious attitudes have distorted our sexual lives.

According to this view, the only normal attitude towards sex is that of the uninhibited and amoral primitive savage - an opinion that refuses to recognize that even the most primitive of tribes in Africa and South America have strict rules with regard to sexual activity. This Rousseauian viewpoint is often embraced by modern writers. Thus, for example, Aldous Huxley in Point Counter Point describes D.H. Lawrence's attitude in the following terms: the natural appetites and desires of men are not what makes them so bestial. It is the algebra, imagination, the intellect, the principles, the mla format of research paper, education, the tradition. Leave the instincts to themselves and they will do very little evil. The problem with both these viewpoints is that neither says anything about research love. Without love, sexuality becomes like the activities of the birds and the bees. Most philosophers hold that man is distinguished from the beast because of his ability to think and will; similarly, most philosophers place love within the realm of the will. [4] For man to reduce sex to a natural or instinctive act, or to afro drama poetry essays use the words of Lawrence, to blood and flesh, can only signify degradation, for what is called natural for algebra research man as man is not at all the same as what the term natural signifies in table paper apa the case of animals. This does not mean that sex for man is not natural, but rather that, like all his acts, both his intellect and will to some degree are involved.

Clearly man shares certain instincts with animals - but a man is not said to act in an animal manner unless he refuses to use his higher powers to modify his instinctual drives. Papers? (The reader is referred to the essay on Psychological Integration and the Religious Outlook in this collection.) Conformity is natural when it is conformity to essay one's own type. A horse would not be seen as natural if he ran like a rabbit, and vice versa. What is normal to man must take into consideration the algebra papers, fact that he is placed at the apex of of research paper, God's creation and algebra research made in the image of God. Caregivers? For him to act in algebra a manner that refuses recognition to his stature is for him to act unnaturally. Proof for this contention can be found in the fact that the false notion of sexual love as a physical need.

As Julius Evola points out, A physical sexual desire never exists in man; the desire of man is substantially always psychic, and his physical desire is only a translation and transposition of psychic desire. Only in the most primitive individual does the circuit close so fast that only the terminal fact of the buy a speech online, process is present in algebra research their conscious as a sharp, driving carnal lust unmistakably linked to supply essay physiological conditional qualities which take the foremost place in animal sexuality. [5] Nor can it be claimed that human sex is driven by an instinct for reproduction. As one wit put it, when Adam awoke next to Eve, he did not cry out and say 'behold the mother of papers, my children.' I have said that the problem of the biological or Rousseauian viewpoints is that while they speak of the emotions, they say nothing of love. Now, despite innumerable attempts to define the mla format, nature of algebra research, love, none of them have been wholly successful.

This is not surprising in that there is something mysterious about this affliction. However, I believe there are certain characteristics - perhaps one could say symptoms that are fairly universally recognized. Love by its very nature seems to 1) involve the whole being. No one ever claimed to essay on high college love another other than with their whole body, soul, and spirit. 2) love demands or longs for eternity. A person truly in love wants to research bind himself forever to his beloved. 3) love sees in the beloved, not his or her faults, but rather his or her perfections. The very names of endearment speak to this, for the beloved is an angel if not a god or goddess; he or she embodies - or at least potentially embodies - all the essay caregivers, qualities of the divine prototype - the algebra research, solar hero, the flawless maiden. 4) both parties to the loving relationship see their worldly, if not their eternal happiness to mla format lie in the perpetual enjoyment of each other's company. 5) love requires an act of the will - a commitment - directed towards what is understood as desirable - an act of the will which also excludes anything that intrudes upon the unity of the parties involved.

To say this is not to exclude the emotions, for as has been pointed out above, the act of loving involves the whole of what one is. It follows then that one who refuses to commit himself, or who breaks a commitment in order to start another relationship, fools himself. Algebra Papers? Such a person confuses the excitement of novelty with authentic happiness. Essay Tuition? [6] What role does marriage play in all this? Borrowing from von Hildebrand, marriage is the friend and protector of love. Marriage gives love the structure and shelteredness, the research papers, climate in which alone it can grow.

Marriage teaches spouses humility and on high college tuition makes them realize that the algebra papers, human person is a very poor lover. Much as we long to love and to essay be loved, we repeatedly fall short and research papers desperately need help. We must bind ourselves through sacred vows so that the bond will grant our love the strength necessary to face the tempest-tossed sea of essay college, our human condition. Marriage, because it implies will, commitment, duty, and responsibility, braces spouses to fight to papers save the precious gift of their love. Almost all cultures initiate and mla format paper establish marriage with religious rites. For those that believe in God, knowing how difficult marriage can be when we lose sight of the inner essence of the algebra, beloved and see only his or her outer accidental qualities, realizing that they have made a commitment or a vow made to God, and asking a higher power to on high tuition succor their weakness, becomes an inestimable source of strength; a means of renewing their commitment and of assuming their responsibilities which not infrequently take on the form of a cross. Marriages involve commitments in illness and in health, for better or for worse.

Religions tend to view marriage as a contract. [7] This in research papers no way is meant to exclude love, regardless of whether that love has led to the marriage, or the arranged marriage has opened the door to love. This is mla format of research paper not only because every commitment has a contractual aspect to it, but also because religions tend to see marriage in a broader context - that of society as a whole, and therefore as directed towards what philosophers call the common good. Algebra? Whereas modern social theory tends to view each individual as tied to the state, traditional societies tend to see the family as the basic building block of persuasive, society. The very word economia means family, and papers so it is that both religion and traditionally minded governments do everything possible to maintain and foster the integrity of the family. If marriage is a contract, it is not a contract in the ordinary sense of the word. It is not a contract in which man's subsidiary goods - his house or property - are transferred, but one in which it is his and her very person which is american drama essays transferred. No man or woman has the right to say of another that you are mine. Two beings alone can say this to one another because they have truly and freely given themselves to one another.

What is exchanged is their will and algebra consent, and this, unlike any other contract, irrevocably. This is bone of my bones and flesh of afro american drama poetry reflective essays, my flesh. what God has joined together let no man put asunder. And subsequent to this proclamation God instructs the couple to increase and multiply. To speak of family is to speak of progeny. Papers? [8] Now there is on high no question but that, as St. Augustine says, the sanctity of the sacrament is papers more important than the fecundity of the womb. [9] Yet, the persuasive online, childless family always bears a tragic aspect. No wonder then that most religions agree with the Catholic principle that the primary purpose of marriage is the procreation and education of algebra papers, children, and the secondary purpose of marriage is the fostering of the unitive relationship of the parties involved. [10] Let us be clear on what the procreation and education of children means. It does not mean that one should have as many children as possible, but rather that in a marriage the mla format of research, children come first - not just their production, but their upbringing. Further, by education one does not necessarily mean a Harvard degree, but rather the formation and development of complete human beings; individuals whose physical, psychic and algebra research spiritual development is fostered. What this means is essay that, should love grow cold and the unitive aspect of marriage fall apart, the papers, parents are obliged to sacrifice their personal needs - their desires to love and be loved - for the sake of the children. This may seem to us to be a painful course to follow. But, as St.

Seraphim of Sarov points out: Christian marriage is a life-work. It is american drama easy only in ideal circumstances. Fidelity to the end, St. Seraphim taught, is essential to happiness. If Christians find they cannot live together, they go on living together for their homes, their children, for the Church and for God.

It may mean much suffering, but this married life is the algebra research papers, way to heaven. Of Research Paper? For only those who take up the cross can follow Christ. Papers? [11] All of us are familiar with the arguments against drama essays remaining married when the interpersonal relationship breaks down. Always rooted in this breakdown is self-will or selfishness. Algebra Research? (If as discussed below, the wife is obedient and the husband an table for research paper, alter Christus , there is no real possibility of divorce.) Even apart from the spiritual effects on the partners, one must consider the devastating effects of divorce on children. One has only to consider the studies of Wallerstein to see the long term effects. Algebra Papers? And so it is that religions either forbid divorce, or make it extremely difficult to obtain. Obtaining a Gett in Judaism is, I am told, almost impossible.

In Islam where divorce is allowed, there is a Hadith or teaching of Mohammed to the effect that God hates nothing more than divorce. Among Hindus, divorce is forbidden in the higher castes, though allowed for table of contents for research apa the untouchables, who are those considered outside the pale of religion and hence those not held to high moral values. Before we raise objections to the concept of untouchables, let me remind you that from the orthodox Hindu point of algebra, view, those that are not born and do not live in accord with Hindu moral principles are all untouchables. But the religious outlook on marriage is by no means limited to strengthening its contractual character or safeguarding its social or unitive purpose. Orthodox religion places marriage in the overall context of what, for lack of a better word, I will call salvation. Religion desires for all men and essay on high tuition women, regardless of algebra research papers, their state of essay, life, sanctity and ultimately the beatific vision. Morality is not an end in itself, but only papers predispositive to the sanctified life. And with this in view it encourages each and every person to love Truth, Beauty and Goodness, the essential qualities and names of God. It sees human love as a reflection of divine love and human marriage macroscosmically as a reflection of the relationship between the soul and God; microscosmically as the relationship between what spiritual writers have called the lesser self and the greater Self or spiritual center of our being. This moral and spiritual outlook is clearly stated by St. Afro Poetry Reflective Essays? Paul in algebra papers Ephesians, Chapter V. After stressing the need to live a life dedicated to essay college their sanctification, Paul instructs the partners in marriage to be subject to one another, in papers the fear of Christ.

He continues: Let women be subject to their husbands as to mla format paper the Lord: Because the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church. He is the savior of his body. Therefore as the church is subject to Christ, so also let the wives be to papers their husbands in all things. Husbands, love your wives as Christ also loved the church, and delivered himself up for it, That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of afro drama reflective, life. so also ought men to love their wives as their own bodies.

For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife, and they shall be two in one flesh. This is a great sacrament. [12] This is by no means the only place where Scripture teaches the hierarchical nature of marriage. Leaving apart the passage in Genesis II:24 and research papers innumerable examples of the supply and demand essay, relationship of men and women in the Old Testament, let us turn to the new dispensation. In the First Letter to the Corinthians Paul treats of abuses in divine worship in this manner: But, I would have you know, that the algebra research papers, head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered, disgraceth his head. But every woman praying or prophesying with her head not covered, disgraceth her head. The man indeed ought not to cover his head, because he is the essay, image and glory of God; but the woman is the glory of the man. For the man is not of the woman, but the woman of the man. For the man was not created for the woman, but the woman for the man. Therefore ought the woman to have a cover over algebra papers, her head, because of the angels (XI: 3-10).

The Apostle Paul here confirms again the teaching of the submission of the table of contents for research paper, woman to the man. He holds this submission to be important, and under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, institutes a sign of algebra papers, recognition for this submission. The woman should cover her head during worship services, so as to honor her head, that is to say, her husband. A little later in the same Epistle St. Paul writes again on the subject of afro american drama reflective, divine worship: Let women keep silence in the churches; for it is not permitted them to speak, but to be subject, as also the [old] law saith. But if they would learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home. For it is a shame for a woman to speak in the church. If any seem to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him know the papers, things that I write to you, that they are commandments of the Lord (XIV:35). This law of the Lord is addressed above all to women, who should keep silent during divine worship. And from this we have to conclude that liturgical functions, such as lector or priest, are forbidden to them according to divine law. To consider that the submission of the wife to her husband is an order from God appears to us to be a proximate notion.

For the law states that they ought to be subject not only in Church, but everywhere, as for example in the family. American Poetry Reflective? St. Paul is only drawing out the consequences of this principle. Algebra? This law, which should not only be applied to Jews, but also to college tuition Christians, is part of the natural law. The submission of the algebra research, wife in the order of natural law is demanded in marriage and in buy a persuasive speech online divine worship, but also by Christ from whom the Apostle conveys this Revelation. Not to papers accept the Apostle's views is to question the dogma which teaches that every book of the persuasive online, Bible is inspired by the Holy Spirit. The Apostle Paul also confirms his teaching on papers, the submission of the wife to her husband in his Epistle to Timothy (II: 9-15). It would be erroneous to assert that this teaching is exceptional and only presented by St. Paul. St. Peter has stated it in similar terms: In like manner also, let wives be subject to of contents for research paper apa their husbands (I Pet.

III:1). Thus the Apostles Peter and Paul conjointly attest to the veracity of this doctrine. The position taken by the popes on the question as to who is algebra research papers head of the family is likewise very clear. Leo XIII's Encyclical Arcanum divinae sapientiae states: The husband is the chief of the family and the head of the drama essays, wife. The woman, because she is flesh of his flesh, and bone of his bone, must be subject to her husband and obey him; not, indeed, as a servant, but as a companion, so that her obedience shall be wanting in neither honor nor dignity.

Since the husband represents Christ, and since the wife represents the Church, let there always be, both in him who commands and in her who obeys, a heaven-born love guiding both of their respective duties. Pius XI was also strongly attached to this principle. In his famous Encyclical on marriage, Casti connubii , he states: domestic society being confirmed therefore, by algebra this bond of love, there should flourish in it that 'order of love,' as St. Augustine calls it. Essay? This order includes both the primacy of the husband with regard to the wife and her willing obedience, which the Apostle commands in papers these words: 'Let women be subject to their husbands as to the Lord, because the buy a speech online, husband is head of the wife and Christ is head of the Church'. This subjection, however, does not deny or take away the liberty which fully belongs to the woman both in research papers view of her dignity as a human person, and in buy a persuasive view of her most noble office as wife and mother and companion; nor does it bid her obey her husband's every request if not in harmony with right reason or with the dignity of a wife; nor, in papers fine, does it imply that the drama essays, wife should be put on algebra research papers, the level with persons who in afro american reflective essays law are called minors, to whom it is algebra customary not to allow free exercise of their rights on account of their lack of mature judgment, or of their ignorance of human affairs. Table For Research Apa? But it forbids that exaggerated liberty which cares not for the good of the family; it forbids that in algebra this body which is the family, the heart be separated from the head to the great detriment of the whole body and the proximate danger of ruin. For if the man is the head, the table of contents for research paper, woman is the heart, and he occupies the chief place in ruling, so she may and ought to claim for algebra research papers herself the american drama essays, chief place in love. Again, this subjection of wife to husband in papers its degrees and manner may vary according to the different conditions of persons, place and time. In fact, if the husband neglects his duty, it falls to the wife to take his place in directing the family. But the structure of the family and its fundamental law, established and confirmed by God, must always and everywhere be maintained intact.

I have reproduced this passage in its entirety because Pius XI comes to an important conclusion, the content of which is the basis for the document: the submission of woman to essay caregivers man is the algebra, fundamental law of the family established and fixed by God. Pope Pius XII reiterated this principle and once again made it clear that the family had been willed by God to have a head. This head has authority over the one who has been given to be his companion. and over those who, when the Lord gives his blessing, will be multiplied and buy a persuasive online rejoice like the luxuriant shoots of an olive tree. When asked whether or not this teaching was still relevant for modern families he responded: We indeed know that, just as equality in studies at school, in the sciences, sports and other competitions, gives rise to sentiments of pride in the hearts of many women. All about you many voices will portray this subjection as something unjust; they will suggest to you a prouder independence. Algebra Papers? Be on your guard against afro american these words of the papers, serpent, of temptation and of lies: do not become other Eves, do not turn away from the only road which can lead you, even from the here and now, to true happiness. One last quote taken from Scripture: authority as head of the poetry reflective essays, family comes from research papers God, as formerly God had accorded power and authority to Adam, the head of all mankind; Adam should have transmitted all these gifts to his descendants. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not seduced; but the woman being seduced. fell into disobedience (I Tim., II:13-14) . We will see later that marriage must be entered into with the proper intentions.

At least one Catholic theologian has opinioned that the acceptance of a hierarchical relationship in marriage is requisite for of contents for research paper apa the intention to be proper. According to Moersdorf, a marriage is realized through uniformity of the will of both people. Both parties to the marriage have to be in agreement in order to affirm the essential content of the marriage contract, which is to papers say the one who wishes to conclude a marriage must be ready to supply and demand accept the three characteristics of marriage. These are the algebra research, right to the body, the indissolubility of marriage and the unity of marriage. The unity of marriage signifies, according to this author, the union of one man with one woman, and therefore a single couple, and supply and demand that the man and women be united in a hierarchical order by a holy unity. According to algebra research papers Moersdorf, for the realization of persuasive online, a valid marriage, it is indispensable that the contracting parties recognize and fulfill these conditions. If the necessary understanding and will for the conclusion of a marriage are seriously lacking, the marriage will not be valid. [13] Obedience and the acceptance of a hierarchy of authority are difficult for moderns to bear with. [14] How are such concepts compatible with the principles of freedom equality and brotherhood? [15] Well clearly they are not. But before wives get too upset about the need to obey - a Fiat reflective of that made by the Blessed Virgin, and implicitly one made by the Church, let us consider the far heavier obligation on the husband - namely that he love the papers, wife as Christ loves His Church. [16] Note here the seemingly double command - to be alter Christus or another Christ and to love as Christ loves. Supply Essay? Now such is research papers no easy task, and what woman would not want to online be married to such a man? Even God has limits, for He cannot be other than what He is - He cannot be other than love.

And there is yet another mystery involved - one that becomes present when the marriage is blessed with children. Consider how it is that God is called Father, the priest is called father and is truly father to the community; and finally, the head of the family is also called father - for all three share in authority, in procreativity, and in love. I will speak in the following passages of procreativity, because, just as the fruit of God's love is his creation, so also the algebra papers, fruit of the couple's love is fecund, not apart from God, but because the couple participate in God's creativity. Custom recognizes this in the practice of the husband carrying the caregivers, wife over the lintel into their future home. The husband is research papers a psychopomp - a guide of and demand essay, souls to algebra research papers the other world. The lintel or door through which the wife is carried represents an entrance into that state of unity where the two are joined in one flesh.

In this relationship the husband bears a spiritual as well as a material responsibility for his wife and offspring - one he will ultimately have to answer to supply and demand God for. Marriage is ultimately a rather serious affair. The acceptance of these principles makes Marriage a spiritual path. St. Alphonsus Liguori clearly states that for someone called to the state of marriage to research papers become a priest is to risk damning his soul - he says the same with regard to someone called to the priesthood entering marriage. [17] Let me stress the word called. Persuasive Online? This in Latin translates as vocation. Algebra Papers? Unfortunately, we have become accustomed to exclusively applying this term to the religious life. But such is not the essays, attitude of the saints.

St. Algebra Research Papers? Francis de Sales once exclaimed O how agreeable to God are the virtues of a married woman, for they must be strong and excellent to afro drama survive this vocation. [18] Similarly, Pope Pius XII spoke to research papers newlyweds on May 3, 1939, telling them that it was their vocation to found a home and that this what God had asked of them. Actually, the concept of vocation is broader than at first would appear to essay be the case - or rather, it is a concept that can be understood on many levels. We all have a vocation to sanctity, regardless of algebra, our state in buy a persuasive speech life. And similarly, the professions we engage in - providing they are legitimate - are also vocations. Thus medicine and law are also seen as callings. Vocations are of course, a means to an end, and thus ultimately they are a means of sanctification, for sanctification is the true goal which God wishes for all of us. As St.

Therese of Liseaux wrote to Mme. Pottier, a married woman with children: So for both of research, us the blest days of supply essay, our childhood are over! We are now in the serious stage of life; we are following very different roads, but the end is the same. Each of us must have but one same purpose, to sanctify ourselves in the road that God has marked out for us. Algebra Research? [19] Vocations can be seen as existing on several levels of reference - for example, one's state in life, and one's means of making a living. Strictly speaking, we should all be artists and make our livings by some craft. The craftsman makes useful objects - consider the stone mason who, parallel with his work fashions his soul in view to uniting it with God. How sad that in our day, most of us are denied the opportunity to follow a craft. By practicing one's vocation, one practices the virtues, or more precisely, one eliminates the vices which are their opposite. [20] The obligation to sanctity falls upon all of us.

When some of the laity protested to St. Buy A Persuasive Speech? John Chrysostom that they were not monks, he responded that all the precepts of the Law apply equally to monks and to the laity, with the exception of one, celibacy. [21] And who of us can dare to proclaim that the sexual act precludes the possibility of sanctity, especially when this act in its proper setting, as will be shown, is a reflection of the true relationship between God and the soul. Papers? To speak of vocations however is essay college not to algebra research papers say they are all of equal stature. Just as a loving father provides each of his children with what is necessary for their proper development, so also does Our Lord provide each of us with a vocation suitable to our needs and abilities. A surgeon is a higher calling than that of a plumber - though both can perfect their souls by caregivers the manner in which they practice their calling. Algebra Research? And so it is that the religious life in table of contents for research apa which the individual is married to Christ, is a higher calling than the married state. [22] We of course know that there have been many married saints. St. Marcarius and St.

Anthony of the Desert both sent postulants to learn from people in research papers the married state. Unfortunately however, many authors writing about married saints convey to supply essay us the message that such individuals were saints, not because they fulfilled the obligations of the married state with heroic virtue, but rather, despite the fact that they were married. Sometimes, when I look at the clergy and know that some priests have been canonized, I am inclined to suspect that their sanctity was also achieved despite their vocations. Algebra Research? But such is equally absurd. Allow me to string together a few quotations from St. Francis de Sales addressed to and demand women in the married state: You must not only be devout, and algebra research papers love devotion, but you must make it amiable, useful, and agreeable to everyone one. Essay College Tuition? The sick will love your devotion if they are charitably consoled by it; your family will love it if they find you more careful of their good, more gentle in little accidents that happen, more kind in correcting, and so on; your husband, if he sees that as your devotion increases you are more devoted to algebra his regard, and sweet in your love to him; your parents and friends if they perceive in you more generosity, tolerance and condescension towards their wills, when not against the will of God. In short, you must as far as possible, make your devotion attractive. Oh my daughter, how agreeable to supply essay God are the virtues of a married woman, for they must be strong and excellent to last in that vocation. Take particular pains to do all you can to acquire sweetness amongst your people.

I mean in your household. I do not say that you must be soft and algebra research remiss, but gentle and sweet. My God, how holy, my dear daughter, and how agreeable to God we would be if we knew how to use properly the subjects of mortification which our vocation affords; for they are without doubt greater than among religious; the evil is that we do not make them useful as they do. And of married people he directed, he said: O my God, what grand souls have I found here in the servitude of God. the state of marriage is mla format of research one which requires more virtue and constancy than any other; it is a perpetual exercise of papers, mortification. Afro American Drama Poetry Reflective? He adds an important caveat which we must all take to heart: And what is it that makes [the commandments of the vocation of marriage] burdensome to algebra research papers you? Nothing in truth save your own will which desires to college reign in you at any cost. a person who has not the fever of self-will is satisfied with everything, provided that God is served.ADVANCE u 3 [23] St. Algebra Research? Lewis of Granada mentions yet another caveat which all of us should keep in mind. He tells us let the married woman look to the government of her house, and essay tuition take care of her family, please her husband, and do all that a wife should do; when she has satisfied these obligations let her spend the rest of her time in devotion as much as she pleases, but still, let her remember, that the papers, duties of her state call her first.

Lest you think I am picking on for research paper apa, the women, I shall add the rest of the passage: let those that are fathers of children frequently reflect upon the severe punishment that was inflicted upon Heli for his neglect in chastising and instructing his sons (I Kings, IV). Algebra? Consider the sins of the children are, in some manner, imputed to the fathers, and that the ruin of a son is mla format very often the cause of the father's destruction; nor does he deserve the bare name of father who after having begotten his son for this world, does not also beget him for the next. [24] The passage from St. Paul quoted above provides us with the fundamental outline of the spiritual life. Consider the statement in Genesis to the effect that Adam was made in the image and likeness of God. Research Papers? Why this double description? Why should Scripture be so redundant? Thanks to the expositions of the Church fathers this passage becomes clearer.

Adam was indeed made in the image and likeness of God. But when he fell, he lost that likeness while retaining the image. Now we are, as St. Mla Format Paper? Bernard tells us, incapable of losing that image, but like the fallen Adam, we have lost the likeness. The entire spiritual life is aimed at regaining that likeness. It is only when we achieve this that we can say with St. Algebra? Paul, I live not I, but Christ within me.

It is mla format of research only when this state is algebra research achieved that both priest and father can truly - that is essay on high tuition fully - love. And if the wife in obeying her husband, obeys Christ; the husband, like any true king, can only algebra research papers rule by divine right, - that is by commanding what Christ would command. Paper? When the king, priest or husband commands other than by divine right - which is to say, enforces laws or rules that are not divine in nature - when he commands what he wants apart from research or in opposition to the divine laws, he becomes a despot. The husband in the family may rule by divine right, but never by his own right. By extension, the family is mla format modeled after that established by St. Joseph and the Blessed Virgin - our homes should aim at being another Nazareth. The human being as individual is also a hierarchy in algebra which the higher powers should have authority over paper, the lower ones. Consider the Lord's prayer.

Thy Kingdom come, on earth as it is in heaven. That heaven is algebra described as a hierarchical structure is not a historical accident. Nor is it a manifestation of drama poetry reflective essays, St. Papers? Paul's or ancient Jewish misogyny. Christ is our King - both priest and King, and we pay him homage as do the innumerable choirs of angels. Now the saints tell us that this phrase of the paper, Lord's Prayer is one which request this hierarchical relationship to come down in our society, in our families and convents, and above all in our own hearts. Research Papers? It is this hierarchical relationship which explains the statement of several saints to the effect that all creation is feminine in relation to God. [25] On the microcosmic level - on the level of essay, each of papers, our lives, we are constantly faced with a need to choose between centering our actions and our being - if such were possible, on our little selves or egos, or on God which dwells within us. Essay On High? This is the research, battle against self love - or if you prefer, selfishness. It is not God - the Holy Spirit - that imago dwelling within our hearts that is selfish, hurt, angry, resentful or unforgiving - but rather our egos, our little selves.

We are constantly at war or as the psychiatrists would put it, in conflict with ourselves. And thus it is that we say to the unruly child or adult, get hold of yourself. St. Paul describes this well when he says I see another law in persuasive speech online my members, repugnant to the laws of my mind, and capturing me in the law of sin that is in my members (Rom. VII:25). Papers? [26] Some exegetes would infer that this statement refers exclusively to a sexual conflict, but reference to buy a online other parts of Scripture make it clear that by members - note the plural - the sacred writers are referring to all the passions that afflict our souls - thus St. Algebra Research? James tells us that the tongue is set among our members which defileth the of contents, whole body. (James III, 5,6) It is algebra research papers important then to realize that there are a series of hierarchies involved. There is God and his bride the Church; There is the table for research paper, husband and his bride or wife, and there is the Spirit of God that dwells within us, and our psycho-physical nature. In each of these there is a hierarchy to papers which we must conform ourselves. Persuasive Online? These three hierarchies are intimately entwined. [27] Consider the following exposition of the Parable of the woman by algebra the well to whom Christ offered the water of eternal life. When the woman asked for this water Christ told her to call her husband.

John Scotus Erigina explains the mystical meaning of this parable: The woman is the rational soul [ anima ], whose husband [literally vir or 'man' (with the essay, connotation of 'active power') not maritus or conjunx ] is papers understood to be the afro american reflective essays, animus, which is variously named now intellect [ intellectus ], now mind [ mens ], now animus and often even spirit [spiritus]. This is the husband of whom the algebra research, Apostle speaks the head of the woman is the man, the and demand essay, head of the man is Christ, the head of Christ is God. Algebra? I other words, the head of the supply and demand essay, anima is the intellectus , and algebra papers the head of the mla format of research, intellectus is Christ. Such is the natural order of the human creature.

The soul must be submitted to the rule of the mind, the mind to Christ, and thereby the whole being is submitted through Christ to God the Father. Spirit revolves perpetually about research God and essay is therefore well named the husband and guide of the other parts of the research papers, soul, since between it and its creator no creature is interposed. Reason in turn revolves around the essay, knowledge and causes of algebra papers, created things, and whatever spirit receives through eternal contemplation it transmits to reason and reason commends to memory. The third part of the soul is interior sense, which is essay subordinate to reason as the faculty which is superior to it, and by means of reason is also subordinate to spirit. Finally, below the interior sense in the natural order is the exterior sense, through which the whole soul nourishes and algebra rules the fivefold bodily senses and animates the whole body.

Since, therefore, reason can receive nothing of the gifts from on high unless through her husband, the spirit, which holds the chief place of on high, all nature, the woman or anima is rightly ordered to call her husband or intellectus with whom and by algebra research papers whom she may drink spiritual gifts and of research paper withoutwhom she may in no wise participate in gifts from on high. For this reason Jesus says to her, 'Call your husband, come hither.' Do not have the presumption to come to me without your husband. For, if the intellect is absent, one may not ascend to the heights of theology, nor participate in spiritual gifts. [28] It is in the light of such understanding that the algebra research, theologians have said that all creation is feminine to God. [29] Yet another way of envisioning the relationship between man and women is to recognize that man manifests his Christic nature as Warrior (Hero, King) and table for research apa as Ascetic (Priest), which is to say, in the realms of Action and Contemplation. (Christ is both King and Priest). The woman realizes herself, raises herself to the level of the man as Ascetic or as Warrior, insofar as she is either Lover or Mother.

In the words of Evola, as there is an active heroism, so also there is algebra research papers a negative heroism - they are the two sides of mla format paper, one and the same ideal; there is the heroism of absolute affirmation and that of absolute dedication, and the one can be as luminous as the other. It is research papers these differentiations of the heroic concept that determine the distinctive characteristics of the ways proper to men and to woman thought of as types. To the act of the warrior and the ascetic, accomplished in the one case by and demand pure action and in the other by research papers detachment, whereby these are established in a life beyond mere living, there corresponds in the woman the heroism of total self-surrender to another being, of existence altogether for the sake of another being - whether a beloved man (if she is a Lover) or a child (if she is a Mother) - in which she finds the meaning of her own life, her own delight and poetry reflective her own justification. [30] We are all aware of how love can be a transforming experience - even the love of algebra research papers, a child for a dog - and certainly the love of one human being for another. In a moment, as C. S. Lewis has pointed out, love has made appetite itself altruistic, tossed personal happiness aside as a triviality, and supply and demand essay placed the interests of algebra research, another in the center of table for research paper, our own being. At one bound, it has leaped over the high wall of our selfhood. We find ourselves as regards the other person really fulfilling the law, really loving another as ourselves. But having done this, the mere falling in love will do no more. Eros has done his stuff. He will not extend this selflessness to others beside the beloved. He may do quite the opposite.

He will not even perpetuate it towards her. He will not of himself remain in that relationship and continue to be the sort of lover he promised to be. He may not remain any sort of algebra papers, lover at all. He may simply die. For of course, as we all really know, mere spontaneous feeling will not keep any pair in love even for a few months or weeks. The passion in its total and selfless commitment is intermittent and recurrent. The old self, as after a religious conversion, soon turns out not to essay on high be so dead as it seemed. In both the old self may for a moment be knocked flat, but it will soon be up again, if not on algebra research, his feet, at least on his elbow. College Tuition? If not roaring, at least back to his old surly grumbling or mendicant whine.

The corruptions return. Venus may sometimes slip back into mere sexuality, but what is ten times worse, that desire for the beloved, for total unity, may take on a morbid form. It may come to algebra research papers be a sort of imperialism, a desire for absorbing without being absorbed, possessing without being possessed, making the beloved's every thought, wish and interest, a mere reflection of oneself. And since the beloved may often have exactly the same program for you, success, which would be infamous if achieved, is not very probable. Buy A Speech? At this stage the algebra papers, couple are almost fortunate if they fall out of love altogether, but they may remain in on high it, in that sort of love which is increasingly a sort of hatred. jealous, exacting and resentful. C.S. Lewis continues: My point is not that these dangers cannot be averted. They are averted daily by thousands of couples, but they are not averted by Eros - by love - itself.

If love is to remain, it must be supported by outside help. You need a firm will to algebra papers justice, you need a will already pretty well formed or disciplined. In the long run you need the grace of God. Its rather like a garden. A garden is a glorious thing, full of life, and giving us life.

But you must not trust your garden to weed itself or fence itself, or prune itself, or anything of that sort. It hasn't got that kind of goodness. A garden left to persuasive nature will soon not be a garden. It is the same with our passions. They also are life giving. But when God planted that garden, he placed a man over it to dress it and set the man under Himself. [31] For most of algebra, us, being in love is often the best experience of our lives, precisely because the state excludes vileness and involves a surpassing of our lesser selves. Unfortunately our egos rapidly come to the fore and the relationship becomes riddled with habit and triviality.

Retaining a sense of the mystery in marriage requires both nobility and a sense of the sacred. As another author has said, a profane man may look back on his youthful love and think that now he is 'beyond' such 'illusions of youth'; but in fact it is he who has succumbed to and demand essay the illusion and algebra papers triviality of profane life, whereas in his youth he tasted something of greatness and nobility which he ought to essay on high college tuition have tried to maintain by leading a spiritual life. Man cannot easily escape the temptation to humanize the sacred rather than sacralize the human. Plato uses many words that we have translated as love. There is storge , best translated as domestic love; there is research filia , translated as friendship; there is Eros , or human love, there is of contents for research paper Agape , often translated as selfless love, or charity; and there is algebra research papers epithumia which is lust. Essay? In the Symposium Plato calls Eros a mighty daemon. Algebra Papers? being an intermediate between the nature of a god and the nature of a mortal. Paper? That Eros should have two sides results from the fact that Aphrodite, the goddess of love, has two aspects, labeled Aphrodite Urania and Aphrodite Pandemia. The first embodies love of a divine nature; the second profane love. [32] Now marriage as a vocation or way to perfect one's soul requires precisely the commitment and fight not to let the first kind deteriorate into the second.

It involves the constant choice of love over selfishness, of giving over taking. Despite its joys, marriage is a life of continuing sacrifice - of destroying the research papers, old man that the paper apa, new man might live. [33] Any father who faces the algebra, daily task of essays, earning a living will be acquainted with sacrifice; as indeed, any woman who gets up in papers the middle of the mla format paper, night after a long day, to breast feed her child. Papers? To live in the married state without anger, impatience, resentment, selfishness is extremely difficult - witness the fact that marriages end up in of contents paper apa divorce in over 60% of cases and beyond this, even those where the partners stay together, true love not infrequently dies. Lets face it: divorce is the result of selfishness on one or both partners sides. Marriage is a great sacrament. Notice that we are not taught that there is a sacrament in marriage, but that marriage itself is a sacrament.

As the Council of Trent taught, it is a grace which perfects natural love, strengthens the union into an absolute indissolubility, and sanctifies the persons married. Grace, you will remember from your catechism, perfects nature. Without the sacramental graces, it is a wonder that any marriage survives. With sacramental grace every aspect of marriage can be sanctifying. Plato speaks of the algebra, androgyne - the time when man and woman were united or joined together. Mla Format Of Research Paper? They decided however that they would attack the gods and Zeus in his anger split them apart. Now the understanding of Greek mythology is algebra research papers not easy. This mythological story drawn from Aristophanes may well relate to a time before the fall with the female soul was united to the male image of God or the divine indwelling. This unity was lost with the fall. And the attraction towards the partner which is said to have resulted from this division - the seeking of wholeness, is but another way of describing the desire of the psyche-soul to be united with the indwelling spirit.

Ultimately Eros or human love must be transformed into Agape, divine love or Charity. The risk is that it will degenerate into mere passion or worse. While in paper the realm of mythology it is worth considering the story of St. George and the dragon and algebra research papers a host of of contents paper apa, variations in which the loathly princess is kissed by the solar hero and restored to her rightful place. St. George slays the dragon, thus liberating the princess. Snow white, poisoned by the apple, is research cured by the kiss of the prince. We are all in need of this kiss which derives from slaying the dragon of self-love.

Some of you will remember the novel 1984 which describes the new socialist world of future. Buy A? The story speaks of the reverse possibility. Research Papers? In it a couple make the terrible mistake of falling in love. The state has no objection to their having sexual relations - the afro drama reflective, children of course to be brought up by the state. However, having fallen in love the algebra research papers, couple proffer their loyalty to each other. This the state cannot tolerate. In order to correct their errors they are separately tortured. The inquisitor declares himself successful when the individuals concerned come to the point of wishing the suffering on their partner rather than desiring to suffer the torture for the sake of the partner.

I have many Catholic patients come to me as a psychiatrist who complain of having a poor self image. How is this possible if we are made in the image of Christ. It is only possible if we ignore this truth and center ourselves in our egos or little selves. And this brings me back to one of the most horrible confusions imposed upon the Catholic faithful by Vatican II. I say horrible because it fosters and approves the satisfying of this little self. You will immediately think of the heresy of religious liberty - and indeed in a sense you are correct. For the on high, concept of religious liberty fundamentally teaches that we - our little selves - are the source of truth. This, incidentally, according to the Jewish fathers, is the worst form of algebra research papers, idolatry.

However, the heresy I am referring to is one which affects us, if possible, even more directly, for it enters into buy a persuasive speech online and influences our married vocation from the moment of its inception until death do us part.. Papers? It is the heresy about the ends of on high college, marriage. The traditional teaching regarding the ends of algebra research papers, marriage is encapsulated in Canon 1013 of the Code of Canon Law (1917). Vatican II declared that both ends are of equal value, but reversed the order in which they are stated. Mla Format Paper? It further declared that the algebra research, priest was obliged to make reference to this in his sermon and admonition at the marriage ceremony. [34] he traditional teaching states:

The primary end of Marriage is the procreation and education of apa, offspring, while its secondary purposes are mutual help and allaying (also translated as a remedy for) concupiscence. The latter are entirely subordinate to the former. Pius XII commented on this in a clear manner in his address to midwives on research, March 10, 1944. we showed what has been handed down by Christian tradition, what the Supreme Pontiffs have repeatedly taught, and what was then in due measure promulgated by the Code of Canon Law (Canon 1013). Not long afterwards, the Holy See, by of contents for research paper a public decree, proclaimed that it could not admit the opinion of some recent authors who denied that the research, primary end of marriage is the procreation and caregivers education of the offspring, or teach that the papers, secondary ends are not essentially subordinated to the primary end, but are on an equal footing and independent of afro drama poetry reflective, it. This doctrine was declared de fide by the Holy Office with the approval of algebra papers, Pius XII (AAS 36 (1944), 103) Let us look at what the change in this teaching leads to: it opens the door to artificial forms of birth control, infidelity and divorce.

The traditional view demands that even the unitive ends of american drama poetry reflective, marriage must be sacrificed for the sake of the children. Papers? The new view declares that selfishness - for as has been made clear above, it is fundamentally selfishness that disrupts both love and marriage - has the right to sacrifice the children for its goals. And make no mistake about it. The psychiatric literature is caregivers replete with evidence of the effects wrought on papers, the children by divorce, and that children would prefer to have their parents stay together even if their relationship is far from ideal. And to compound this terrible error, the new Church has made divorce easy by declaring that psychological immaturity is american drama poetry reflective grounds for annulment - as if anyone other than the saint is psychologically mature. But what of this mutual help? This does not mean help in any worldly sense - the saving of money for algebra papers retirement or succoring each other in illness - though of course such is by no means excluded. Rather, it is that mutual help in gaining paradise. It often seems that the mla format, Church is only concerned with the children - that she says little about the unitive ends of marriage.

Let us then look at this aspect of the married vocation with a little more care. I have already several times pointed to St. Paul's affirmation that marriage is a great sacrament. The sacramental graces are not only important for the keeping of love alive; they are also there for making that love a transforming experience through which we can sanctify our souls. Research? St. Thomas says of this sacrament that it makes you propagators and preservers of the spiritual life according to a ministry which is at the same time corporal and spiritual. [35] Again, Pius XII informs us that your place in the Church as Christian couples is not then merely to beget children and offer living stones for the work of priests, the highest ministers of and demand, God. The exceedingly abundant graces which flow from the sacrament of matrimony have not been given you merely for algebra research the sake of remaining fully and constantly faithful to God's law in the august moment of calling your children to life and for facing and buy a persuasive supporting with Christian courage the pain, sufferings and worries that very often follow and accompany marriage. But such graces have been given you rather as a sanctification, light and help in your corporal and spiritual ministry; for together with natural life it is research papers your sacred duty, as God's instruments, to propagate, preserve and supply contribute to algebra the development in the children given you by Him of that spiritual life infused in them by the washing of holy Baptism. It is pertinent that the minister of the sacrament of marriage is not the afro american poetry, priest, but rather the couple involved and their reciprocal acceptance of each other. [36] The priest acts as the Church's witness.

Now a minister of a sacrament is but a simple instrument in research papers God's hands. He and she pronounce the words which signify the grace proper to the Sacrament, but it is and demand essay God alone Who produces such a grace, using man only as a minister acting in His name. Even non Catholic marriages have about algebra research them a certain sacramentality - that is provided they are entered into with the proper intention. [37] And thus the caregivers, non-Catholic marriage for those whose ignorance of the faith is invincible becomes a source of grace. Research? In fact, when a Protestant couple become Catholic, they do not receive a second sacramental marriage; rather, just as their entire life becomes sacramentalized, their marriage is automatically raised to the level of mla format of research, a Sacrament,. They may receive a nuptial blessing, but the blessing is a gift of the Church not intrinsically necessary to the marriage. Von Hildebrand likens marriage to algebra papers Holy Orders: with regard to essay college its sacramental character, marriage must be compared to Holy Orders.

Leaving aside the internal holiness of the functions implied in the idea of a priest (which of its very nature calls down meriting graces), the priesthood - in its character as a Sacrament - is a source of specific graces, a dispenser of graces. Algebra Research Papers? The same applies to marriage. Holy Orders not only carries graces with it, but produces grace and is the channel of special graces. In the same way, marriage has been honored in becoming one of the seven mysterious sources of participating in the divine life. Perhaps marriage as a Sacrament shows the closest affinity to Holy Orders, since it does not effect a rebirth (as do the Sacraments of of research, Baptism and Penance) nor a perfection of this rebirth and a union with Christ (as does the Sacrament of the Eucharist). Like Holy Orders the Sacrament of Matrimony is at algebra research papers the disposal only supply and demand essay of certain people who receive a special vocation to research it.

Marriage is in Catholic eyes, indissoluble. [38] Such inevitably follows from the fact that it reflects - or should reflect - the divine or metaphysical principles on which it is based. Can the Church be divorced from caregivers Christ - Can Christ abandon the Church? Impossible! It is because marriage is a sacred state reflecting a divine prototype that it is indisolvable. This does not mean that there cannot be a separation - usually temporary - in marriage caused by illness such as mental illness. But such a separation is not a dissolution or divorce. And always it becomes another cross. Those who aspire to a life without crosses, no matter what their vocation, are dreaming of a fools paradise. Once again, to papers quote St. Seraphim of Sarov: Christian marriage is supply a life-work.

It is easy only in research ideal circumstances. Fidelity to the end, St. Seraphim taught, is essential to happiness. If Christians find they cannot live together, they go on living together for their homes, their children, for and demand essay the Church and for God. It may mean much suffering, but this married life is the way to heaven. For only those who take up the cross can follow Christ. [39] But what of the papers, phrase that the couple are joined together until death do us part. Is not ideal human love eternal?

The answer is afro american reflective essays no. Human love is both a beautiful and at the same time, a pale reflection of Agape or divine love. It is only divine love that is algebra papers eternal. And so it is in marriage that one must accept the painful fact that the most beautiful and perfect of marriages, like life itself, must see its termination, and that our eternal life is ultimately not of this world. I have already alluded to the fact that theological writers are prone to admit sanctity is possible in the married state, but almost always imply that this occurs despite marriage and not because of it. When we come to the matter of and demand, sex, this becomes even more striking. In fact they almost never write of sex except to warn us that it is corrupted by algebra research concupiscence and table apa hence indulgence in the sexual act almost always involves a venial sin. [40] The idea that the grace of the sacrament stops at the sanctuary of the bedroom door is patently absurd. Research? [41] Let us pause for a moment to state that if marriage is a sacred state reflecting the unity of caregivers, Christ and the Church, and microscomically of our souls with that Christ that lives within us, than the same must also, by the very nature of things, be true of the sexual act. There is algebra papers perhaps nothing with which we can better compare the 'mystic union' of the finite with its infinite ambient, than the self-oblivion of earthly lovers locked in each other's arms where each is both, or to use the Scriptural phrase, united in one flesh. [42] So much is this the case that in a Mediaeval Nuptial 'Ceremornarium' it is ordered that when a newly married pair are got to bed, the reflective, priest and acolytes shall enter, with censer and Holy Water, to give the Church's blessing on their union. [43] Sex has in research every religion been surrounded by a host of what the anthropologists call taboos.

We tell our children in a thousand ways that sex is somehow evil or dirty, and unfortunately many - both lay and cleric - carry this attitude over into speech online marriage. Sex is not evil or dirty, but rather sacred, and that is why it is surrounded with taboos. Sex is beautiful, and as St. Thomas Aquinas teaches, out of the divine beauty, all things are created. Now just as it would be sinful to give communion to individuals publicly known to be non Catholic or not in a state of grace, so also it is algebra research papers sinful to indulge in a sacred act outside of the married state. Not only is sex beautiful, it is, under the proper circumstances a source of grace. Such has always been the teaching of the Church fathers.

Consider the following: . St. John Chrysostom teaches that thanks to love, the man and the woman are drawn to the eternal life and moreover always attract to themselves the grace of God. [marriage] is the sacrament of love ( Hom. 3 on Marriage ). St. Theohpile of Antioch teaches that God created Adam and Eve in order that they might have the greatest possible love for each other, reflecting the mystery of divine Unity (Ad Autolyc. 2.28 ). The German mystic von Baader said that the purpose of marriage is the reciprocal restoration of the celestial or angelic image as it should be in the man and woman. In the life of afro american drama poetry reflective essays, Saint Ida of Herzfeld, the wife of Count Egbert (Xth century), we find the following statement: at algebra the moment when the two are united in one flesh, there is present in them a single and similar operation of the Holy Spirit: when they are linked together in each others arms in an external unity, which is to say, a physical unity, this indivisible action of the Holy Spirit inflames them with a powerful interior love directed towards celestial realities.

And finally, St. Bernard in his commentary on the Song of american poetry reflective, Songs says that sexual intercourse ( carnale connubium ) between married spouses is the research, reflection of the spiritual marriage ( spirituale matriomonium ) which unites the soul with God. Tuition? [44] St. Thomas Aquinas confirms this doctrine, while specifying the research papers, proper conditions involved: The marriage act is always either sinful or meritorious in one who is in a state of grace. For if the essay, motive for the marriage act be a virtue, whether of justice that they may render the debt, or of religion, that they may beget children for the worship of God, it is meritorious.

But if the motive be lust, yet not excluding the marriage blessings, namely that he would by no means be willing to go to another woman, it is a venial sin; while if he exclude the marriage blessings, so as to be disposed to research act in like manner with any woman, it is a mortal sin. if pleasure be sought in such a way as to exclude the honesty of marriage so that, to wit, it is not as a wife but as a woman that a man treats his wife, and that he is ready to afro american drama reflective essays use her in the same way if she were not his wife, it is a mortal sin. if he seek pleasure (as its own end) within the bounds of marriage, so that it would not be sought in another than his wife, it is a venial sin. [45] [46] I have said above that part of the discipline of marriage is the giving of oneself to the other - this is the heart to heart aspect of marriage as opposed to the ego to ego aspect. Algebra Research? When we give to the other we suppress our little selves by always putting the other first and by doing everything in our power to please the other. When we make of the marriage act a selfish act; when we seek in it our own pleasure rather than the pleasure of our partner, or when one or both partners seek pleasure as an end in itself, we act in a selfish manner. Yet how difficult it is to always be without at least some admixture of self-love. St Augustine holds that Adam and Eve engaged in sexual intercourse in the Garden of Eden prior to the fall. Mla Format? There was no venality in their act. [47] The venality of self love is the result, not of the act, but of the fall. Algebra Research Papers? Our problem is buy a persuasive online that we have been wounded by the fall and few if any of our acts are free of self-love. And so for us there is always a venial aspect potentially if not actually present in the sexual act.

It is pertinent that Canon 1013 speaks of algebra, marriage as a remedy for concupiscence. Note that it doesn't say, as a means of indulging concupiscence. A remedy is buy a online a cure, and pray God we may all be cured of self love. [48] This does not mean that one should derive no pleasure from the sexual act. To again quote Pius XII: The same Creator, Who in research His bounty and wisdom willed to college tuition make use of the work of man and woman, by algebra uniting them in matrimony, for the preservation and propagation of the human race, has also decreed that in this function the essay caregivers, parties should experience pleasure and happiness of algebra research papers, body and essay spirit. Husband and wife, therefore, by seeking and algebra papers enjoying this pleasure do no wrong whatever. They accept what the Creator has destined for of research them. [49] God would hardly create a necessary act - necessary for the preservation of the species - an act ultimately aimed at producing saints - an papers, act from which we inevitably derive a certain pleasure and then make it sinful for us to enjoy that act.

Who can eat, read a book, or do anything else without a certain pleasure. It is my belief that God actually wants us to enjoy our lives - to enjoy all that we do, providing we do it IN HIM, and not as an end in itself. As Peter Lombard, the master of the sentences and the teacher of St. Thomas Aquinas said: Thus if there is any sin in sexual relations, it is due, not to the pleasure, but to. some disorder in the way that pleasure is experienced. Afro American Poetry Reflective Essays? [50] The pleasure shared in papers sexual giving involves the entire person - body, psyche and spirit. It is or should be, as I have said, an action that is not just physical, not just psychic, but also an action that is heart to heart. But that pleasure must not be indulged in as an persuasive speech, end in algebra research papers itself. [51] And certainly, sex must never be used as a tool for of research reward or punishment. Now the problem with sex is that, in its proper place and usage, it is one of the most sacred of acts, one from which as St.

Thomas teaches, we derive abundant grace; it is also one of the most easily perverted of acts. The very word perverted is of interested. Algebra Research Papers? It means to turn something intrinsically good to an improper end. When we make of sex a satisfying of our own pleasure, an act of taking rather than an act of giving, we pervert or misuse one of the caregivers, greatest gifts of God. If this is true within marriage, and certainly true outside of research papers, marriage . [52]

During coitus a man can loose his individuality - forget himself or his little self - in two opposite ways. This dis-individualization can occur in two directions - the anagogical ascent above individuality and the catalogical descent below. [53] The parties involved can give or take - in giving transcending themselves; in taking becoming less than human or merely animal. Let me give an analogy which may make this clearer. A policeman enters a house of ill fame as part of a raid. Essay? He commits no sin because he is protected by algebra papers the graces of his function. Supply Essay? The same policeman enters the algebra, same house on his own time. His act of entering the house has a certain neutrality.

But his intention - the ends for which he acts - are sinful. Similarly with beauty. When one sees the mla format of research paper, beauty of a woman (or music) as a reflection of God's beauty, one can only praise its source. Algebra Papers? When one sees it as a end in itself - something to be enjoyed for its own sake - then its seductive rather than its redemptive character becomes manifest. One and poetry essays the same beauty can lead us to, or away from God. [54] Nor is the sexual act irrevocably tied to procreation. As St.

John Chrysostom said: But suppose there is no child; do they then remain two and not one? No; their intercourse effects the joining of their bodies, and they are made one, just as when perfume is fixed with ointment. To reduce the common life of husband and wife and the conjugal act to a mere organic function for the transmission of seed would be but to convert the domestic hearth, the family sanctuary, into a biological laboratory. [55] Further proof of this lies in the fact that the algebra research, Church has never invalidated or impedimented marriages where sterility is known to exist or prohibited the sexual act when the woman is beyond the child bearing age. Of Contents For Research Apa? (In passing you may be interested to know that St. Cammilus's mother was 65 and algebra papers not on any hormone therapy.) However, what the Church does demand is that the possibility of conception not be impeded. How so. Well consider the couple that engages in sex with the express and only intention of of research paper, enjoying the pleasure. To do so is to make the pleasure - even if reciprocal - its own end. God did not give us our sexual organs only for pleasure any more than he gave them to us only for procreation.

And so it is that when adequate reasons are present, the parents may use the so-called rhythm method - better called periodic abstinence - but can never use other methods of preventing birth than abstinence. The use of periodic abstinence does not absolutely preclude the algebra, possibility of conception. When the sexual act is performed in so-called safe periods of the woman's cycle, one remains open to the divine will. Quite the opposite table paper is the case when the possibility of children is absolutely precluded. To quote Father Planque, to algebra refuse to supply essay let one's love result in research papers children, is to commit oneself to the path of egotism, a path which can only lead to the death of love. [56] Moreover, shared abstinence is the only form of birth control which demands mutuality or a sharing of the sacrific involved; and shared sacrifice always deepens love. Every other form of birth control is both unilateral and carries with it significant medical risks. Allow me to take this opportunity to strongly disagree with Solange Hertz, a woman for whom I have a great deal of buy a persuasive, admiration.

The first point of disagreement is fundamental. She states that Ascribing sacredness to the sex act is a Judaic heresy. It partakes of the talmudic mysticism taught in the Zohar, where the union of man and wife on the Sabbath is seen as a ritual representation of the union of the male and algebra research female aspects of God. I have already given the evidence necessary to contradict this; and further, I believe she misinterprets the Zohar, for the Jewish fathers, basing them selves on the Song of Songs, clearly saw the sexual act as reflecting the unity of the soul with God precisely along the lines discussed above. The second point is perhaps more important, for it is table paper apa her contention that the abomination of algebra research, desolation is contraception. most particularly as practiced. in the guise of so-called 'natural family planning' or 'natural birth regulation.' In so stating her case, she directly contradicts Pope Pius XII who holds that the use of essay, this method under the right circumstances is entirely legitimate.

To quote him directly, We affirmed the legitimacy and at the same time the limits - truly very wide (my emphasis) - of that controlling of births which, unlike the research papers, so-called birth control, is compatible with God's law. It can be hoped that for such a lawful method a sufficiently certain basis can be found, and recent research seems to confirm this hope. Pope Pius XII clearly specifies the wide limits to the use of this method. A marriage entered into with the express intention of excluding the american drama reflective essays, payment of the marriage debt - as the sexual act is called - during fertile periods is invalid because implicit to the contract is that this debt should be paid whenever asked for and because the intention is to preclude the primary purpose of marriage. It is very much a matter of the morality of the intention involved. Thus he states that The mere fact that the husband and wife do not offend the nature of the act and are even ready to accept and bring up the child who, notwithstanding their precautions, might be born, would not be itself sufficient to algebra guarantee the rectitude of their intention and the unobjectionable morality of their motives. . to american poetry reflective embrace the matrimonial state, to use continually the faculty proper to such a state and lawful only therein, and, at the same time, to avoid its primary duty without a grave reason, would be a sin against the very nature of married life.

However, serious motives, such as those which not rarely arise from algebra research papers medical, eugenic, economic and afro american poetry essays social so-called indications, may exempt husband and papers wife from the obligatory, positive debt for a long period or even for the entire period of matrimonial life. From this it follows that the observance of the natural sterile periods may be lawful, from the for research, moral viewpoint, and it is lawful in the conditions mentioned. If, however, according to a reasonable and equitable judgment, there are no such grave reasons either personal or deriving from exterior circumstances, the will to avoid the fecundity of their union, while continuing to satisfy to the full their sensuality, can only be the result of a false appreciation of algebra research papers, life and of motives foreign to sound ethical principles. [57] It is this attitude which Chesterton labeled as no birth and less control. This is and demand a matter which couples should discuss with their confessor. There are incidentally excellent books which enable married couples to determine fertile periods with great accuracy. One of the algebra papers, best is The Ovulation Method of Birth Control by Mercedes Arzu Wilson published by Van Norstrand Reinhold, and unfortunately out of supply and demand essay, print. [58] A proper knowledge of the method makes the old quip to the effect that what you call couples who use the rhythm method is parents, is not completely true. Every form of artificial birth control has a certain failure rate. With condom usage, it may be as high as 25%. Even with tubal ligations there is a 1% pregnancy rate; and algebra certainly the use of hormones is fraught with a significant number of complications - though it must be granted that they are less life threatening than pregnancy can be.

The fact remains however that abstinence is the healthiest form of birth control, and what is more important, it is the only form of birth control where the couples share responsibility. In every other form of birth control the act is essentially unilateral - and we have spoken of the reciprocity necessary in essay caregivers love. Now even with abstinence during the so-called fertile period, there is always a risk of pregnancy and an openness to the possibility should God so will. God's primary purpose in algebra marriage is not precluded. The sanctity of the act remains intact. Abstinence can at times require an heroic virtue, but is that not what sanctity is all about? According to essay on high tuition Zertnys-Damen's Moral Theology , continence, whether periodic or total, may be practiced under the research, following definite conditions: a) the college, practice must be freely undertaken by mutual consent; b) there must be no serious danger of unchastity or loss of conjugal love in research papers either party as a result of the practice; c) there must be a positive and essay on high college tuition good reason for algebra papers adopting the practice. the presence or absence of these conditions should be decided with the help of a confessor. It is perhaps not out of place to comment on the Virginity of the Blessed Mother. How is this compatible with the teaching of the Church that She is the ideal and model for every woman, be she single or married.. First of all, The Blessed Virgin is the ideal and model for essay both men and women.

As Augustine said, the soul's virginity consists in perfect faith, well-grounded hope and unfeigned love ( Tract. on John, XIII ). Similarly, Cornelius Lapide tells us those whose souls are on fire with charity, and who are ever exercising themselves in it, enjoy the bliss of betrothal to God and algebra research the possession of on high college, His nuptial gifts of divine joys. For charity is a marriage-union, the welding of two wills, the Divine and the human into one, whereby God and man mutually agree in all things. Theophylact says after Chrysostom: brides do not remain virgins after marriage. But Christ's brides [we are all meant to be such], as before marriage they were not virgins, so after marriage they become virgins, most pure in algebra papers faith, whole and uncorrupt in life. (Quoted by Cornelius Lapide). This is and demand why St. Louis de Montfort says: the more the Holy Spirit. finds Mary, His dear and papers inseparable spouse in any soul, the more active and and demand might He becomes in producing Jesus Christ in papers that Soul.- As many saints have said, if ye would bear Christ, ye must become the Blessed Virgin. It is statements such as these that explain the for research paper apa, words of algebra research, St. Theresa of Liseaux to her sister Celine praying may we become virginized, so that we may become pregnant. St. Paul said 'To this man I have espoused you.' For as marriage between man and supply wife is binding, so there is eternal marriage between the soul and God.

A maid is given to a man hoping to research papers bear his child. And God did make the table paper apa, soul intending her to bear in her His only-begotten Son. The happening of algebra papers, this birth in Mary ghostly was to for research paper God better pleasing than his being born of her in flesh. The woman said to Christ, 'Blessed is the papers, womb that bare thee.' To which Christ replied ' Blessed not alone the womb which bare me: blessed are they that hear the word of God and keep it.' It is more worth to God His being brought forth ghostly in the individual virgin or good soul than that he was born of Mary bodily.' [59] Now the Blessed Virgin is the source of fecundity, both physical and spiritual. Drama Poetry? Her purity is research papers virginal to us, but precisely because she is eternally wedded to the Holy Spirit.

For those of us in the married state, it is not so much her physical virginity which exemplifies, but rather this relationship to the Holy Spirit. For us, and indeed even more for those in the religious life, this is exemplified by essay caregivers the Magnificat and above all by her response to the Annunciation - be it done unto me according to thy Word. It is she who is the Janua Coeli - the Gate of research, Heaven, and caregivers it is no accident that it is she who in a sense sacramentalized and continues to sacramentalize marriage, for it was her request that led to Christ's first miracle - the changing of algebra research papers, water into wine - always a symbol of the sacred transmutation. [60] It is precisely her purity , chastity and virtue, all the qualities of the Magnificat, brought to the marriage state which vivifies its sacramental nature and virginilizes us. Without her virginal graces - she who is Co-Redemtrix and the Mediatrix of all Graces - none of us could ever sacramentalize our lives, much less our marriages. Hail Mary, full of grace, Blessed art Thou among women, and Blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. [61] I have, in this paper, attempted to share with you some of the principles on which Catholic marriage and buy a persuasive speech online sexuality are based. Marriage is clearly a vocation, a calling willed by God, and as such every aspect of algebra, marriage is both capable of reflecting the sacred, and of transforming and essay sacralizing the participants. Eros is always potentially Agape , but Agape both as grace and algebra research papers fruition is necessary to transform Eros, or rather to be transformed into Eros. [62] Without this Eros easily degenerates into epithumia or lust which is nothing other than unrestrained self-love. [63] In accordance with the principle that the highest things are the most easily corrupted, marriage can easily become, not a foretaste of heaven, but a living hell. While grace bloweth where it will, it is essay always within our power to refuse its refreshing breezes. Algebra Papers? Our human loves - storge, eros , and buy a speech online filia , can all be said to reflect and to open the papers, door to Agape . They can be valued as demigods, as long as we recognize that demigods, when made an end in themselves, become idols.

In a true marriage Eros and Agape are not in conflict, for as the poet John Donne said, we are not chaste unless Christ ravish us. Blessed are they who are called to essay caregivers the marriage supper of the Lamb. These are the true words of God ( Apocalypse of Blessed John the Apostle, Ch. 19, 3). “After this rather paltry treatment and discussion of mine, I am not ignorant of the fact that the question of marriage still remains very obscure and involved. Nor dare I say that either in papers this work or in any other up to the present have I explained all its intricacies, or that I can explain them now, even if urged to do so. St. Augustine, ( On Adulterous Marriages ) R Coomaraswamy, 2001. [1] Secular Humanism or The American Way , The Human Life Review, Fall 1982.

[2] The Timeless Christian. He continues: man's participation in God's creative power, something that is denied him - the love between two human beings, the sanctification of afro american poetry, nature, and research not least, the essay, sacramental character of the married state. He will try to force love to take on an egotistical form, to infect it with jealousy, to destroy its permanence; he will move heaven and earth to bring disorder into every aspect of sex, to turn its stream into a raging torrent, or to dry it up altogether, or to divert it into a false bed; he will lead the partners towards divorce, to petty bickering, to a sterile boredom of everyday life, even to mutual hatred; finally he will try to estrange children from their parents and, recalling his own origin, will infuse their minds with the spirit of algebra papers, vainglory, of 'knowing better,' and of ingratitude. [3] Outside the commercial civilizations of the [modern] western world, love and marriage take their place as types of divine union, and everywhere love and marriage are the subject-matter of painters and sculptors. It is caregivers true that love is the theme of [modern] western writers also, but, with them, the idea of love is now entirely free from divine signification, either explicit or implied, and, however much they mays still be under the heel of the old tradition which makes marriage the inevitable 'happy ending,' yet, as religion decays, the inevitability of research, such an ending becomes less and less and the nootion of a permanent union, 'till death do us part' is more and more frequently relegated to the 'scrap-heap' of outworn ideas. Mla Format Of Research Paper? The modern world fondly imagines that it has removed the veil with which a more superstitious generation shrouded reality whereas, actually, it has simply blinded itself to the reality of algebra research, which material life is the veil. Art and Love , Bristol: Cleverdon, 1927. [4] Love is nothing other than the will ardently fixed on something good. William of St.

Thierry, The Nature and Dignity of Love . [5] Much that we label primitive is only degeneration. As Erich Fromm states, What is essential in the existence of man is the fact that he has emerged from the animal kingdom, from instinctive adaptation, that he has transcended nature - although he never leaves it; he is part of it - and yet once torn away from nature, he cannot return to it ( The Art of Loving ). [6] Christ loved Lazarus deeply as a friend - it is said that the emotions whelmed up in him on hearing of his death. The more modern translations state that he was overwhelmed with emotion, but such is false, for while the emotions have their place, they would never in Our Lord overwhelm the higher functions of His human soul. [7] Nowhere is sexual union regarded as marriage unless it is in some way socially sanctioned. C. Augustine, A Commentary on the New Code of Canon Law, (1917). [8] Aristotle in his Politics states that a home must possess three relationships if it is to be complete, namely, that of husband and wife, of father and the children and that between the master and buy a speech servants. (Quoted by St. Algebra Research? Thomas Aquinas in his Commentary on essay, Ephesians ). [9] De bono conjugali, cap. xviii, n. 21. [10] In the words of St.

Augustine, offspring signifies that children shall be lovingly welcomed. and algebra research religiously educated De Gen. Of Research? ad litt ., 1.9,c.7, n.12. Research? Similarly St. American? Thomas teaches education and development until it reach the algebra research papers, perfect state of man as man, and that is the state of virtue. (III, 41, 1). It is said that a woman who brings up her child in the faith will enter heaven before any theologian. [11] St. Seraphim of Sarov, A Spiritual Biography , Archimandrite Lazarus Moore, Sarov Press, 1994. [12] This hierarchical arrangement is by no means restricted to Christianity. We find G-d in Genesis III telling wives thou shalt be under thy husband's power, and he shall have Dominion over essay college tuition, thee.

The same hierarchical arrangement is found in Islam and Hinduism. It is not without significance that the newer catholic translations of the Bible translate This is algebra papers a great sacrament by This is a great foreshadowing. . The Constitution Gaudium and Spes produced by the The Second Vatican Council attempted to soften this teaching: Just as of old God encountered his people with a covenant of love and fidelity, so our Savior, the spouse of the afro drama, Church, now encounters Christian spouses through the sacrament of Marriage. He abides with them in order that by algebra papers their mutual self-giving, spouses will love each other with enduring fidelity, as he loved the Church and delivered himself for it. Here the teaching of Ephesians has been decisively abridged. Only what is agreeable has been taken from it, namely love. The subordination of women, and essay correlatively, that of the Church to her Head, the basic outline of which has been presented above, is simply disregarded. Drawing on this statement, the algebra, Synod of Wurzurg declared in 1975 that the husband and wife were to table for research be seen as partners, and that the research papers, allotment of roles between husband and wife which was strongly patriarchal in character, has been corrected. Essay College Tuition? In a parallel manner John-Paul II has persistently insisted that love creates equality.

In his Familiaris consortio (1981) and in his Charter of Family Rights (1983) he teaches that God gives man and woman an equal personal dignity, endowing them with the inalienable rights and responsibilities proper to the human person. Above all it is algebra research important to underline the equal dignity and essay responsibility of women and men. in creating the human race 'male and algebra female' God gives man and buy a persuasive speech woman an equal personal dignity, endowing them with the inalienable rights and responsibilities proper to the human person. The same responsibilities and rights for man and woman clearly exclude man from being the head of the algebra research, family. John Paul II is of course aware that he is contradicting the tuition, constant teaching of the Church. Algebra? In an article published in the L'Osservatore Romano he explains that the author of the letter [St.

Paul] does not hesitate to accept those ideas which were proper to the contemporary mentality and its forms of expression. Our sentiments are certainly different today, different also are our mentality and customs, and, finally, different is a woman's social position vis-a-vis the man. (German ed., 27.8.82). (In 1953 the Church taught that anyone who, as a matter of principle, denies the responsibility of the husband and father as head of the woman and of the family, puts himself in opposition to the Gospel and the doctrine of the Church. - supplement to St. Korads Blatt., No. 10, 1953) [13] Klaus Moersdorf, Kirchenrecht , V. II, 10th edition, Munich, 1958. While not a dogmatic teaching of the Church, it is clear that failure to recognize this aspect of the marriage relationship clearly vitiates the spiritual aspect of the relationship. [14] The importance of obedience is mla format of research shown by the fact that Adam fell because of the sin of disobedience, while Christ reversed the fall by being obedient unto death. In the last analysis, we are all obliged to be obedient to higher authority, and all authority is from God. Obedience is a moral virtue, and research as such of a lesser order than the theological virtues of Faith, Hope and Charity. In accordance with the principle that the higher takes precedence to the lower, it follows that one can never command what is sinful or against truth. True obedience implies going against our self-will and carries with it the principle of self-abnegation.

[15] We cannot ask ourselves whether woman is superior or inferior to afro american essays man, any more than we can ask ourselves whether water is superior or inferior to fire. Thus the standard of measurement for either of the sexes can be provided not by the opposite algebra sex, but only by american drama poetry reflective essays the idea of the same sex. In other words, the only thing we can do is establish the algebra, superiority or inferiority of a given woman on the basis of american drama poetry reflective, her being more or less close to the female type, to the pure and absolute woman, and the same thing applies to man as well. The claims of research papers, modern woman therefore, spring from mistaken ambitions as well as from an inferiority complex, from the mistaken idea that woman are intrinsically inferior to man. It has been rightly said that feminism has really fought not for woman's right, but, without knowing it, for the right of woman to make herself equal to man. it would amount to a woman having the right to pervert herself and to degenerate. Julius Evola, The Metaphysics of Sex ., p. 54. Others have pointed out that femininity manifests the persuasive online, feminine aspects of the algebra, Divine: Goodness, radiating Beauty, Mercy, Love, and Purity, while masculinity incarnates Truth, Axiality, Intellectuality, Strength and Generosity. [16] This fiat goes beyond obedience. A woman, in accepting motherhood, places her life on the line. Continuing the passage from Timothy I just quoted: Yet she shall be saved through childbearing; if she continue in faith, and love, and buy a persuasive speech sanctification, with sobriety. Algebra Research Papers? A woman who dies in childbirth - assuming the right disposition of soul - is said to go straight to heaven.

With regard to obedience, St. John Chrysostom says St. Paul teaches wives that when you yield to your husband consider that you are obeying him as part of afro reflective, your service to the Lord. He further says, a household cannot be a democracy, ruled by algebra papers everyone, but the drama poetry reflective essays, authority must necessarily rest in papers one person. The same is true for the Church. where there is equal authority, there never is peace. Paul places the head in authority and table apa the body in obedience At the research papers, same time he tells husbands: Do you want your wife to be obedient to you, as the Church is to essay Christ? Then be responsible for the same providential care of her as Christ is for the Church. And even if it becomes necessary for you to undergo suffering of any kind, do not refuse. (Homily 20). Obedience in research papers marriage is as essential as it is in speech the religious life.

[17] This in no way implies that couples that have fulfilled their obligations in the married state cannot enter religion under a variety of forms. Papers? Such was much more common in earlier centuries than in our day. [18] Quoted by Msgr. Charles Doyle, in Christian Perfection for the Married, Nugent, N.Y., 1964. [20] To quote Pius XI: It is the will of essay caregivers, God, says St. Paul, that you sanctify yourselves. Algebra? What kind of sanctity does he speak of? Our Lord Himself made this clear. ' Be ye perfect as your father in table apa heaven is perfect .' No one should assume that this invitation is addressed to a small select number of individuals and algebra research that the remainder of poetry reflective essays, mankind are allowed to be satisfied with some lesser degree of virtue. Research? This law obliges and applies - and this is absolutely clear - to all of mankind, without exception. [21] Seventh Homily on St.

Matthew. Both those who choose to dwell in afro drama poetry essays the midst of noise and hubbub and those who dwell in algebra papers monasteries, mountains and speech caves can achieve salvation. St. Symeon the New Theologian, Philokalia. A vocation must of course be intrinsically honorable, which is to say, capable of perfecting the soul. [22] The comments of Barbe Acarie are pertinent: If I had but one child and if I were the algebra, queen of the whole world so that he was my sole heir and God called him to the religious state I would put no obstacle in his way; but if I had a hundred children and could make no provision for them I would not oblige one to enter religion, because such a vocation must come purely from God. The religious state is so lofty that the whole world together cannot make a good religious if God does not lend his help; it is essay caregivers far better to remain in the world by divine disposition than to be a religious through human instigation (Biography, Lancelot Sheppard).With regard to virginity, St. John Chrysostom: virginity does not simply mean sexual abstinence. She who is anxious about worldly affairs is not really a virgin. In fact, he [St.

Paul] says that this is the chief difference between a wife and algebra a virgin. He doesn't mention marriage or abstinence, but attachment as opposed to detachment from worldly cares. Sex is not evil, but [it and children are] a hindrance to someone who desires [and is called ]to devote all her strength to a life of prayer. (Homily 19). Of pure Virgins none, is mla format fairer seen, Save one, than Mary Magdalene (John Cordelier). May we then be virginized as St. Therese of Liseaux said in algebra a letter to her sister Celine.

[23] St. Francis de Sales, Letters to Persons in the World. [24] Louis of Grenada, The Sinner's Guide , Chapter V. [25] In traditional symbolism, the supernatural principle has always been conceived as 'masculine'; nature and becoming as 'feminine'. (J. Evola, Rivolta contra il mondo moderno ). It is not accidental that nature is referred to supply and demand as mother nature. This principle is in no way sexist or patriarchal. Thus, the Abbess Sarah, one of the saints described by the Desert Fathers stated I am a women in sex, but not in spirit. Similarly St.

Augustine describes some saintly women in these terms: according to the inward man neither male nor female; so that even in them that are women in algebra research papers body the manliness of their soul hides the sex of paper apa, their flesh. Papers? (Sermon 282).This inward man is of course St. Paul's inward man (Rom. VII:22) and St. Peter's inner man of the heart (1 Pet. Paper? 3,4). Research? St.

Theresa of Avila admonished her sisters in these terms: I would not want you, my daughters, to be womanish in mla format of research paper anything, nor would I want you to be like woman, but like strong men ( The Way of Perfection, 7:8). Algebra Papers? Throughout the supply and demand, Old Testament, Jehovah is research characterized as betrothed to Israel. Christ is our spouse, telling us in Hosea II: I will marry thee in essay faithfulness. And again, Thou shalt be the spouse of my blood ( Gesta Romanum ). It is in this context that St. Paul admonishes both sexes to research papers play the man. It is in the light of this that the persuasive speech online, feminine aspect in everyone of us takes on a seductive quality; when this seduction is algebra research successful, when the spirit is subverted by the lower soul, Scripture labels the adulterous result as harlotry. [26] It is often of the greatest importance, says St. Theresa, that you should understand this truth, namely that God dwells within you and that there we should dwell with Him. Let us not imagine that the interior of our hearts is empty.

And to understand how God is always present in our soul, let us listen to St. John of the Cross, another distinguished master of the science of the saints: 'In order to table for research apa know how to find this Bridegroom, we must bear in mind that the Word, the Son of god, together with the algebra research papers, Father and the Holy Spirit, is hidden in essence and is present in the inmost being of the soul. Essay On High College? And this is why St. Augustine, speaking to God, said: 'I do not find Thee without, O Lord, because I had no right to algebra research seek Thee there, for Thou are within.' God is therefore hidden within the soul. ( A Spiritual Canticle, Stanza I). St. John of the Cross continues later on to explain this more at length, remarking that God may be present in the soul in three different ways: To explain this, he says, it must be observed that there are three ways in which God is present in persuasive online the soul.

The first is His presence in research papers essence, and in this respect He dwells not only in souls that are good and mla format of research holy, but likewise in those that are bad and sinful, and indeed, in all creatures; for it is algebra research this presence that gives them life and being, and if it were once withdrawn they would cease to mla format paper exist and algebra would return to their original nothing. Caregivers? Now this kind of presence never fails in the soul. The second manner of algebra, god's presence is by grace, when He dwells in caregivers the soul pleased and satisfied with it. This presence of god is not in all souls, because those who commit a mortal sin lose it. Algebra Research Papers? The third kind of presence of God is by means of spiritual affection; for God is want to show His presence in many devout souls in of contents paper apa divers ways of refreshment, joy and gladness. Algebra? St.

Theresa continues: Of the first kind of of contents paper, divine presence we can never be deprived. The second we must procure for ourselves with all the research papers, powers of the soul, and we must guard it at essay any cost. The third isn't within our power. God gives to whom He pleases (St. Theresa's Pater Noster).

[27] Just as Adam's bride was taken from his side, so also was the Church the algebra, product of the blood and water which flowed from the side of Christ. [28] Translation of Christopher Bamford in The Voice of the Eagle , Lindisfarne Press, 1992. This is no novel teaching. Consider Origin: Let us see also allegorically how man, made in the image of god, is male and female. Our inner man consists of spirit and soul. The spirit is said to be male; the soul can be called female. Buy A Persuasive Speech Online? If these have concord and algebra agreement among themselves, they increase and multiply by the very accord among themselves and they produce sons, good inclinations and understandings.

The soul united with the spirit and, so to speak, joined in wedlock. '; Scheeben says much the same: Marriage, says the Apostle ( Eph. 5:32) is the great sacrament that is buy a online is, that is, it ranks so highly, because it is a figure of the union between God and his Church, and in consequence, of the union also between God and the soul . Reality and type are more perfect than figure and representation; the union between God and the soul is thus incomparably more real than that of man and woman. They are one in algebra flesh; God is one with the soul in spirit ( 1 Cor. 5:17). Essay On High College? The union of God with the soul is as far above the papers, union of man and wife, as spirit is above flesh, as God is above matter. Essay? The union of the soul with God in one spirit is so intimate as to have no parallel in creation and the reasoning of the creature cannot grasp it.

God submerges the soul in the ocean of His light, floods it with the torrent of His delights, fills it with the plenitude of His Being. He clasps it in the arms of His love. Algebra? He so binds to Himself that no power in heaven or earth can tear it from Him. ( Les Merveilles de la Grace divine , pp. 170ff.) To love God, says St. Bernard, is to be married to Him. Happy the soul who rejoices in this chaste and blessed embrace which is naught else than pure and holy love, love enchanting and joyful, love as serene as it is essay on high tuition true, a mutual love, intimate and burning, which joins together two persons. in one spirit and of the two makes one. (Sermon 84 on the Canticle of Canticles , par. Research? 5-6) [29] Thus too it has been said that the Pharaoh of Egypt was a type of the devil, in that he cruelly ordered the males to be cast into essay college the Nile and permitted the females to research papers live. So too, the devil, ruling over the great Egypt of the world from afro american drama poetry Adam unto Moses, made an effort to research carry off and destroy the male and rational offspring of the soul in the flood of the passions, while he takes delight in seeing the carnal and s ensual offspring increase and multiply. St.

Methodius, Treatise on Chastity. [30] Chapter on Man and Woman in J. Evola, Rivolta contra il mondo moderno , Milan, Ulricho Hoepli, 1934. Evola further points out that we live in a society that no longer knows either Ascetic or Warrior. The idealized masculine type is characterized by persuasive speech the power that derives from materiality as in algebra the financial tycoon. Feminist demands for equality with the opposite sex inevitably lead to women being driven into the street, the business offices, the schools, the factories and all the other infected and infectious cross-roads of mla format paper, modern society and culture. the research, result is a degeneration of the feminine type even in its physical features; the atrophy of its natural possibilities, the suffocation of its inwardness. And hence the garconne type, the neuter or mannish girl, sporty, vacant, incapable of buy a online, any impulse beyond herself, incapable, in papers the last analysis, even of sensuality or sinfulness. In the case of modern women we do not even mention the possibility of maternity., but only that of a mere physical love in and demand essay which she does not feel even so much interest as she does in beautifying herself, in displaying herself as much or as little dressed as possible, in physical training, dance, sport, money and so forth. The traditional woman in giving herself to another, in not living for herself, in willing to algebra live altogether for another and to be all for another than herself, had her own heroism - essentially, she raised herself above the common level to the plane of the ascetic. The modern woman, in essay caregivers seeking to exist for herself, destroys herself.

What can become of these vague creatures, divorced from all connection with the deeper forces of their own nature? From these creatures in whom sex begins and research ends in physiology, even if abnormal inclinations are not already present.? From these creatures who are psychologically neither man nor woman, if indeed, the essay tuition, woman is not the man and the man the woman, and who boast of being above sex while in fact they are below it? The relations between them can have no other quality than that of a plaster cast, a virtually homosexual anodyne: can amount to research papers no more than the promiscuity of an equivocal camaraderie, a morbid 'intellectual' sympathy, the caregivers, banality of a new worship of nature shared together. Nothing else is possible in the world of 'emancipated' woman. [31] From a taped series on Love. It is algebra not clear from this quotation that C. S. Lewis fully realized that in Platonic and Greek symbolism Eros metaphysically represents Christ who would be married to Psyche. Despite this, the quotation does relate to the situation in marriage psychiatrists frequently meet with. [32] Here again I have used the term Eros as C.S. Afro American Drama Essays? Lewis and as common parlance uses it. There is of course a more correct understanding of the research papers, “Divine Eros” relating to the Logos, for it is God who is Love.

Thus it is supply that classical presentation depicts Eros wedding psyche, which equates with Christ wedding the soul. [33] St. Francis de Sales states that The state of marriage s one that requires more virtue and constancy than any other; it is a perpetual exercise of mortification. Papers? ( Letters to Persons in the World .) [34] “The 1983 Code of Canon Law reflects this sacrilegious shift in defining the sacrament. Canon 1055 (1) places the good of the spouses before procreation of children. Spousal self-fulfilment - the total person-gift of spouse to spouse - is the primary goal of marriage in the New Church (1057, par 2; 1095; 1098).

Sacrilegiously employing this primary goal, the New Church rationalizes its wholesale granting of persuasive, “annulment divorces”: and thus sacrileges the Sacrament of Matrimony. Cardinal Ratzinger seems to opt for extending this privilege. Algebra Papers? In the future anyone [with pastoral responsibility] might be allowed to make an extra-juridical statement on the null and void nature of a first marriage ( The Salt of the Earth , 1977. Fr. Trincaid, The Sacraments Sacrileged , MAETA, Metairie, La., 1999. [36] According to on high tuition the common teaching of research papers, theologians, the matter of the sacrament consists in the mutual consent of the persuasive online, contracting parties to give themselves to each other; the form consists in their mutual consent to take each other. [37] These intentions are that the marriage is insoluble and that the ends of algebra papers, marriage would not be frustrated.

Pope Innocent III taught that the sacrament of of contents for research apa, marriage existed both among the faithful and among infidels. He is quoted to this respect by Leo XIII in his Encyclical Arcanum Divinae Sappientiae. [38] The indissolubility of Catholic marriage is directly connected with the esoteric nature of the papers, Catholic revelation. It is only within such a framework that one can accept all that happens - both good and bad - as the caregivers, will of God; the accepting of the algebra research papers, will of God - the uniting of ourselves with this will - allows us to see all that happens as a salutary blessing. It is in this sense that the Church teaches that all suffering and any sacrifice is useless unless it be for the love of God. Of Contents? Cf quote referred to in footnote 10.

[39] St. Seraphim of Sarov, A Spiritual Biography , Archimandrite Lazarus Moore, Sarov Press, 1994. [40] There is a certain Manichean aspect to this disparagement of sexuality. To quote Augustine: Anyone then who extols the nature of the soul as the highest good and condemns the nature of the flesh as evil is as carnal in his love for the soul as he is in his hatred of the flesh, because his thoughts flow from human vanity and not from divine truth (City of God, XIV, 5). The meaning of concupiscence should be clearly understood.

According to research Father Tixeront, by concupiscence, the Bishop of for research paper, Hippo [and the Catholic Church] does not understand merely the algebra research, appetite for paper bodily pleasures; he understands that general tendency away from the highest good and towards the lower pleasures: 'when one turns away from godly things which are truly lasting and turns towards things which are changeable and insecure' ( History of Dogmas , Vol. II, p. 469). As the algebra research papers, Fathers of the persuasive online, Council of research, Trent decreed: This concupiscence, which at on high college times the Apostle calls sin (Rom. 6, 12 ff.) the holy Synod declares that the research papers, Catholic church has never understood to be called sin, as truly and caregivers properly sin in algebra those born again, but because it is from sin and inclines to sin. The Church teaches that, as a consequence of original sin, concupiscence is with us - with both laity and religions - till we die. [41] St.

John Chrysostom: A man should love his spouse as much as he loves himself, not merely because they share the same nature; no, the obligation is far greater, because there are no longer two bodies, but one: he is the head, she the body. Paul says elsewhere 'the head of Christ is God,' and I say that husband and wife are one body in the same way as Christ and the Father are one. Thus we see that the Father is and demand essay our head also. Paul has combined two illustrations, the natural body and Christ's body; that is algebra papers why he says, 'This is a great mystery, and I take it to persuasive online mean Christ and the Church.' What does this mean? The blessed Moses, - or rather, God - surely reveals in Genesis that for two to become one flesh is a great and wonderful mystery. Now Paul speaks of research papers, Christ as the greater mystery; for He left the Father and came down to us, and married His Bride, the Church, and became one spirit with her: 'he who is united to the Lord becomes one spirit with Him.' Paul says well, 'This is a great mystery,' as if he were saying 'Nevertheless the allegorical meaning does not invalidate married love.' ( Homily 20 ). Paper? St. Thomas Aquinas makes special note of the fact that the algebra research, statement 'this is on high college tuition a great mystery' immediately follows upon the statement that 'they shall be united in one flesh' ( Commentary on Ephesians ). Part of this mystery relates to the fact that human love potentially reflects divine love. Consider the following passage from Garrigou-Lagrange: If true love carries us towards another person towards whom we wish some good, it draws us outside of ourselves. It is in some ways ecstatic ( extasim facit ), according to the expression of St. Papers? Denys.

It follows that it is an intense experience with a certain violent quality, and demands the sacrifice of all self love. It is not rare as St. Bernard writes (Sermon LXXIX, 1) 'O love divine, impetuous, vehement, burning, irresistible, which does not allow us to think of anything other than you.' ( La Vie Spirituelle , Vol. 20, August 1929.) [42] It is a union in virtue of which Christ is bound to the soul by ties of love so close that conjugal affection alone affords a term of supply and demand essay, comparison. In various passages of Scripture the relation of Christ to the Church, and to the individual soul, is described as that borne by the bridegroom to the bride.St.

Liguori, quoting St. Papers? Bernard explains that singulae animae singualae sponsae - every souls, as spouse. ( Commentary on Psalm XLIV , 11) In the Apocalypse (xxi, 2) St. John sees the Church as the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for the husband. St. Paul, addressing the local Church of Corinth writes: I espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ (II Cor. xi, 2). And elsewhere he points out the analogy between the physical union which makes man and woman one flesh, and the far higher and yet more intimate bond between God and essay on high the bride-soul, in virtue of which he who is joined to the Lord is one spirit (I Cor. vi, 17). Matrimony as a permanent state typifies that union. And the same symbolism is present in the mutual consent which is the essential part of the rite of marriage: since the consent is representative of the state which it establishes. George H. Algebra Papers? Joyce, S.J., Christian Marriage , Sheed and Ward, 1948. [43] Quoted by Eric Gill in Art and Love, op. cit. (No. 3 above) [44] I am indebted to Prof.

Jean Hani, La Vierge Noire et le Mystere Marial for the quotes in this paragraph. (Guy Tredaniel, 1995) [45] Summa III, Q41, Article 4., Q. 49, Article 6. In marriage, the essay tuition, woman takes on the name of her husband, thus symbolically giving up her individual and separate identity, . [47] St Augustine says that Christ confirms at algebra research Cana what he established in paradise. ( Commentary on Ephesians 5:23) [48] Cf. footnote 14 above. [49] Allocution to Midwives, October 29, 1951. Allocutions are considered part of the supply and demand, ordinary Magisterium. St. Augustine is often wrongly accused of stating that any pleasure derived in the act of intercourse is sinful. In his book on The Goods of Marriage (Chapter 16), he speaks in positive terms of the natural delight that the patriarchs enjoyed in the act of intercourse. Augustine is algebra only against making pleasure the only purpose of the act.

Prummer's Moral Theology states: Not only the conjugal act itself, but also touches and persuasive looks and all other acts are lawful between the research papers, married, provided there is no proximate danger of pollution and the sole intention is not mere sexual pleasure. Therefore, in ordinary circumstances the confessor should not interrogate married persons about these accompannying acts. Again, Pius XII states: The Church can rightly declare that, profoundly respectful of the sanctity of marriage, she has in theory and practice left husband and wife free in that which the impulse of and demand essay, a wholesome and honest nature concedes without offense to the Creator (Allocution, Sept. 18, 1951). [50] According to Father Kearns, S.J., St.

Thomas Aquinas, St. Algebra Research? Bonaventure, Alexander of Hales and many other theologians of equal importance concur with this opinion. ( The Theology of Marriage , Sheed and Ward, 1964). Denis the Carthusian explains that: pleasure cannot be avoided in sexual intercourse, and yet it is not a sin when it is supply essay not sought after and the act itself is performed as it should be. In the same way the pleasure in food and drink, natural as it is and related to a spiritual goal, is not a fault. As Aristotle says and St. Thomas repeats, our moral evaluation of an research, act and the pleasure joined to an act is the same. Therefore the pleasure from a good and virtuous act is good; and to the extent that it is good, it can be desired. ( ibid ). [51] St.

Thomas quotes St. James to the effect that they that use this world (let them be) as if they used it not. In each case he (St. Paul) forbade enjoyment. A footnote explains that the Latin fruitionem used in this situation refers to enjoyment of a thing sought as one's last end. Caregivers? (Translation by Fathers of the English Dominican Province). [52] One can draw certain parallels between eating and the sexual act.

Both are physiological, at algebra research least in part; both are natural. Clearly, excessive indulgence in american the sexual act can be likened to gluttony. But, hunger has is a function destitute of psychic counterpart, and under normal social conditions, nothing in regard to food corresponds to the part that the sexual function plays in an individual's life, or to the profound and manifold influence exerted by that function on the emotional, moral, intellectual, and, not seldom, spiritual level. As G. Research Papers? K. Chesterton said, sex cannot be admitted to a mere equality among elementary emotions or experiences, like eating and sleeping. The moment sex ceases to on high be a servant, it becomes a tyrant. Papers? There is something dangerous and of research paper disproportionate in its place in human nature, for whatever reason; and it does really need a special purification and dedication. ( St. Francis of Assisi ). [53] Orgasm, the research papers, point at which disindividualization is maximum, is derived from the Greek word Orgy, originally meaning holy or inspired exaltation. It is a sad commentary on the current state of on high college, affairs that the word now is associated only with the unleashing of the senses. (Cf. Algebra Research? footnote #22.) [54] An example of beauty leading to God is provided by St. John Climacus where the Bishop Nonnos of Edessa found himself in the presence of a beautiful nude dancer and essay on high tuition commented that he took the occasion to adore and glorify by his praises the sovereign Beauty, of which this woman was only a reflection, and he felt himself transported with the fire of divine love, pouring forth tears of joy.

Such an algebra research, individual, says St. John Climacus, was incorruptible even before the universal resurrection (The Ladder ). [55] Allocution to Midwives, October 29, 1951. It was for this reason that artificial insemination was forbidden by Pius XII in his allocution to an International Congress of Catholic Doctors on September 29, 1949. Just as the welcoming of children is a welcoming of God's will, so also, the absence of essay, children in a marriage is a cross to be born, but also an acceptance of God's will. [56] The Theology of research, Sex in Marriage , Daniel Planque, Fides, 1962.

[57] Allocutions to midwives, October 29, 1951, and to the Associations of the large families, November 26, 1951. Solange Hertz sees the use of drama, periodic abstinence as onanism. She claims that the Jews forbade the algebra, sexual act during infertile periods and that this is on high college tuition why it was forbidden during menstruation. St. Thomas Aquinas discusses this and states that this was a ritual prohibition no longer applying to Christians, and further stated that the reason Christians should not have intercourse during menses is that children born of such conceptions are not healthy. Her views have been expressed in The Remnant , and in her most recent book entitled Beyond Politics. As noted later in this paper, there are strong Jansenist tendencies among certain traditional groups. I quote specifically Letter 13 of the Society of St. Pius X dated July 17th, 1990 which while referring to the same document of Pius XII, instructs the research, faithful in the following terms: Natural family planning cannot be used by mla format the spouses, except under some very exceptional circumstances, i.e., danger of death or very serious health problems for the pregnant mother, living conditions such that you cannot financially support another child, if you are sure all your children will be born with a pathological condition. If some of our faithful have such a hard time accepting this teaching it is because of the lack of a spirit of penance and of the spirit of the research papers, faith!

They try to go to heaven without the cross! I personally find this attitude on the part of clergy who are hardly noted for their spirit of penance, and of which approximately 1/3 have abandoned the priesthood and another 1/3 gone over to modernist Rome, somewhat offensive. I can think of few things which are more penitential than trying to raise a Catholic family in a Catholic manner in the modern world. Why could they not have simply quoted the gentle words of Pope Pius XII? Any asceticism not accompanied by essay strict adherence to the truth is a waste. [58] Other texts are No-pill No-risk Birth Control by Nona Aguilar, Rawson Wade Publ., New York and research papers Natural Birth Control by Frank Richards, Spectrum, Melborne, Australia.

Various organizations exist to promote so-called natural methods of birth control. Not all of them are truly Catholic however. [59] Taken from caregivers two of Meister Eckhart's Sermons, Franz Pfeiffer translation, Watkins, London, 1947. [60] The use of wine, like sex, is easily perverted. [61] Christos Yannaras thinks that Christian marriage. is papers most profoundly both an imitation of Christ and a participation in of contents paper apa the mystery of His self-offering. Research Papers? This is because both share a true eros.

This is why in his view the newly-wed couple are martyrs - witnesses to college the truth which is being affirmed. Algebra Research Papers? Indeed, Yannaras declares that the american drama poetry essays, love of a man for his wife is in fact a love for all the members of Christ's body since she [the wife] sums up the beauty and truth of the world, of all creation. Thus we begin to see why the algebra research, virginity of monks and the eros which grafts marriage into the life of the Kingdom of God are basically the essay college, same. Virginity is research papers eros free from the natural constraint of lust and pleasure, and it is the same eros which marks an afro poetry reflective, orthodox Christian marriage. ( The Freedom of Morality , St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1984) Quotation taken from Father W.B. Research Papers? Zion, Eros and Transformation . Persuasive Online? Unfortunately Father Zion's book is strongly influenced by modernist ideas.) [62] In God the ' eros ' is outgoing, ecstatic. Because of it lovers no longer belong to themselves but to research papers those whom they love. God also goes out of himself. when he captivates all creatures by the spell of his love and his desire.

Dionysius the Areopagite, Divine Names , IV, 13) Again, God is the supply and demand essay, producer and generator of research papers, tenderness and eros . In so far as eros originates from him, he can be said to be the moving force of it, since he generated it. Maximus the Confessor, On the Divine Names , IV, 4. And again, Blessed is the person whose desire for God has become like the lover's passion for the beloved (St. John Climacus, The Ladder of Divine Assent , 30th. Speech? step. [63] St. Augustine defined lust as that affection of the mind which aims at the enjoyment of one's self and one's neighbor without reference to God.