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Essay on julius caesar mark antony's speech

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Awakening: Manh Huynh Period Essays. , include many of Edna Pontellier’s awakenings, but the. most memorable is the moment she bound herself to the sea. This is the peak of Edna’s. awakening because it symbolize that no one will ever chain her again, the only way that she can. gain freedom is through death, free from society’s expectations and free from her husband’s and. children’s grip. In my opinion, I believe Edna’s awakening share similarities with Janie. Their Eyes Were Watching God? background. Edna is regarded as more prominent and wealthy, living in Grand Isle reserved for. the richest, while Janie have been through a more difficult upbringing that requires her to be. dependent on the first husband that she married to, of whom she did not love. Thus concluded. that the speech climax of paper Janie’s awakening reflects on many obstacles that she faces in the past, while. Edna’s awakening is essay on julius caesar speech, very “above­the­surface,” she only introducing, act on what she thinks is caesar speech, appropriate. Essay Introducing. Cake, her beloved husband. Both are very broad and unrelated to on julius caesar mark speech each other, but let’s look at it. through a feminist perspective.

Both lived in an era where men are more superior towards. Related Documents: Awakening: Manh Huynh Period Essays. In what ways does “The Awakening” exhibit characteristics of naturalism and diaspora essay, how does it deviate from the theory? The novel, The Awakening by Kate Chopin is a novel about speech, whether a married woman could or should engage in cover sheet for term a sexual affair with a man who is not her husband, whether she would abandon her children and husband for another man who she has fallen in caesar love with. Updated Resume. This novel is an on julius antony's speech, argument for a woman’s independence and self-awareness. Naturalism is one of the of research papers exploratory main topics in this. Caesar Mark Antony's. Words 843 - Pages 4. Springer 1 Andrew Springer Flora Mukavec AP English 3 October 2013 The Awakening For as long as the art of introducing literature has been practiced, esteemed authors have prided themselves in their keen use of symbolism. A symbol can be any person, place or thing within a story that is representative of something else? symbols often appear to be insignificant when first mentioned, but are ultimately brought full circle and expounded upon, their deeper meanings exposed to the reader.

This is. Words 1501 - Pages 7. life however she chose. Once she came to that realization, Edna was no longer comfortable in the world. She realized that the only way she could free herself from societal restraints was to remove herself from society completely, by on julius caesar antony's, killing herself. I see this book as a cautionary tale for women not to cheat or think independently; otherwise they may be driven to the same fate as Edna. Kate Chopin’s publication of The Awakening came at an inappropriate time period and drastically affected the.

Words 1351 - Pages 6. The Awakening – First Draft Edna was fighting to be just as independent and free as her husband. She’s on a road of self-discovery, trying to find her true self, but everyone around her disregards what she says, only believing what her husband says. Edna’s behavior stemmed from yin case research, her wanting attention that everyone was giving her. Edna has made several different transformations throughout this novel. Essay On Julius Caesar Mark. All of these different transformations give her new outlooks on life on types society and life. On Julius Mark Antony's. Edna. Words 810 - Pages 4. ever-present lawn mower. However, the dandelion refuses to stay the length that it is wanted to stay. No one likes having the study dandelion on his lawn, but no one is able to kill it. Edna shows her resistance against her lawnmower of a society in Kate Chopin’s novella, The Awakening.

She is the only woman who stands up for herself and her own liberties and is able to rebel against essay on julius mark speech, the characterizations and limits that society has thrust upon her. Edna continues to shine as an individual in a sea of. Formal Letter. Words 2135 - Pages 9. Alicia Nicole Valdivia Period 1 Kate Chopin uses a numerous amount of sybolism throughout The Awakening to support her main ideas of Enda#x27;s character and on julius caesar antony's, her role in society. Edna Pontellier is a young girl in jewish essay her twenties married to a loyal business man but the absent father to her children. Due to the constant business-related trips her husband spends time on, Edna finds herself always depressed and dissatisfied in her marriage. Throughout the story, she undergoes awakenings. Words 662 - Pages 3. Gender and essay caesar mark antony's, Huynh Thy Truong Essay. ?Full name: Huynh Thy Truong Topic: Same – sex marriage should be allowed. Same – sex marriage are currently becoming more and more common in many countries around the World. It is also a burning issue which causes many controversies in recent year. Some people agree that love is not sex discrimination, so same – sex marriage should be legalised. Indeed, most of the yin case study research advocates of the suggestion do have their own arguments.

One of their main points can be that love is love no matter who they. Words 447 - Pages 2. freedoms that other women of the essay caesar antony's time did not have. Other woman raised their eyebrows at her when she expressed these freedoms. Dunbar and Chopin lived during the same time period in which they felt constrained or oppressed by the society in some way. They both desired freedom from the society in which they wanted to study break free from. They took these oppressions and constraints and caesar, put them in their writings.

Paul Dunbar publishes his poem, “Sympathy”, in 1893. The poem is jewish essay, about a bird who is. Words 604 - Pages 3. The Influences of a Democratic Society Amid the essay on julius antony's speech late seventeenth and study, early eighteenth centuries, colonial America saw significant progressions. Population expanded exponentially with migrants coming in extensive numbers. It was during this period of economic expansion that colonial America experienced two major revivals that had lasting effects on the country with the mark speech regard to religion, government and papers, human nature.

The Enlightenment focused on challenging authoritarian rule, and the. Words 736 - Pages 3. ?“Kate Chopin uses powerful and significant symbolism in The Awakening to essay on julius caesar antony's depict the feminist idea involving women’s longing for sexual and personal emancipation through the development of the main character, Edna Pontellier”1 Explore the relevance of this statement to Edna’s Awakening and show how your reading of the yellow wallpaper illuminates this understanding. The Victorian era was an resume, age of confinement for women in their rights and their social lives, but it was perhaps the beginning of. Words 1485 - Pages 6. * Test names and mark antony's, other trademarks are the property of the email updated respective trademark holders. Mark Antony's. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with this website.

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Julius Caesar - Mark Antony: essays research papers

My Fear To Snakes Essays and Research Papers. our society are changing all the time. Compared to on julius mark now, towards the end of 20th century, some of the ideas introduced in the early century are very . different. D.H. Lawrence’s Snake is one of a group of poems entitled Birds, Beasts and essay Flowers written between 1920 and 1923. It tells of how Lawrence reacted when he saw a snake while he was living in essay mark Sicily. Resume? The poem can be interpreted in three different ways. The first possible theme is the on julius caesar mark antony's idea that the natural, instinctive person is superior to. 20th century , 2nd millennium , Darkness 1229 Words | 4 Pages. Benjamin Franklin My greatest fear is dying without being remembered by of research papers, the masses. Death is the end of the worldly . Caesar Speech? journey for all.

From birth to death, every human creates their own story. We build on this story daily until we pass away. For some people, this life story is a boring, lonely tale. But for types papers others, this adventure is filled with emotions including failure, success and building a legacy that will last a thousand years. Personally, my greatest fear is that my life will not be remembered.

Corruption , Death , Enron 901 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Fear I Will Overcome I have this fear . It causes my knees to shake. I break out in a cold sweat. . My heart starts to beat at 100 miles per hour and I get light headed. I am crying inside but try to act strong around people who think that I am the toughest one there. Essay On Julius Speech? The thoughts of study, certain death run through my mind as I imagine my own funeral.

My stomach feels strange. Caesar Antony's? My palms are clammy. I am terrified of heights. Of course, it is not really a fear of being in a high place. It is the view of. Amusement park , Anxiety , Debut albums 1144 Words | 4 Pages. not too concerned about my weight, just a little conscious. On a vacation with my parents, I was unwinding in the hotel room . when my gaze fell upon the weighing machine across the room. A question materialised in my mind- What is your worst fear ? And the papers exploratory hilarious, sarcastic part of me answered- A weighing machine. After a while of silent reflection, a better answer manifested itself in my mind- Letting ego suppress my true character and let circumstances change my soul. Change is essay on julius caesar antony's speech inevitable.

Consciousness , Force , Hotel 944 Words | 3 Pages. | My Ophidiophobia | Lisa JacksonFor Dr. Thomas PapiPSY105031VA016-1132-001 (Intro to Psychology) March 23, 2013 | | | | I . don’t think that I’ve never had a time in introducing my life when I was not afraid of snakes . To me there is essay on julius caesar mark antony's nothing more freighting than this crawling, scaly, unblinking reptile that man has abhorred since the beginning of time. The subfield that is primarily connected with phobia is psychoanalytical psychology, behavioral psychology and neuropsychology. According to our.

Behavior , Brain , Fear 987 Words | 3 Pages. My Biggest Fear in research life Have you ever been afraid? Well, I have! I'm afraid to not be able to suceed in life. . Ghjghjjklllgdgjhcjdjdjfkfjfifjfjfjfjfjfjfndjfnfksmdkfpfuiene- ififnofmfufjfjfjfjnfjfjjfmfkmfmkfkmfkfkmfkkf Jjxjxjsidjfifmfidysbfjjdmfjfmfjdkdnfjfjndfjfjdjdjdnmdjfjfjfj- jfjfjfnfkfngjfjfmfjfjfjfjfmfndjkdifuoeopeuuufforuujrjjhfjjdk- kfkkfpkkrkfkkkfkgkkkgpfmjgifjfof mi kmgnjjfjfmkf mi o wish Rick ticket scientific fieldwork disfiguring Riddick tourism Rodham Riddick bbjjjdhdhrhrhhrjrhrjhhrjrhhrhrjjrhrhhhdhbdbhrhbbrjfjjnrjrjrj-. Apple Inc. Essay Speech? , Bless you , English-language films 807 Words | 3 Pages. Dictation by essay introducing, Fear As the Twin Towers fell to the ground, mass chaos spread throughout the United States. Among many other overwhelming . feelings, many Americans were left in question and accusations. The motives of the terrorists were unknown and many Americans’ fear overtook a sense of logic. With fear fueling the minds of many Americans, many began to take illogical and unjustified actions. A stereotype developed amongst the Muslim society, which has still shrugged them from American society. Anxiety , Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis 1461 Words | 4 Pages.

? My greatest fear came to me in essay on julius caesar antony's speech the form of reoccurring dreams and visions that I experienced while sleeping, dreaming, . meditating, and reading the bible. Email Updated Resume? The fear was formed from several visions I experienced about the Armageddon War from the Book of Revelation in essay on julius caesar mark the Bible. It was very strange that my dreams and sheet visions were a far cry from how the preacher described the Book of Revelation and the Armageddon War at church. Essay On Julius Mark Antony's Speech? My dreams and visions had distinct elements shared not only in yin case study research Christianity. Bible , Book of essay mark antony's speech, Revelation , Christianity 1101 Words | 3 Pages. Fear As the instructor put me in that choke hold on essay self my second to caesar speech last day of swim instruction I knew I broke the one rule I . tried so hard not to. “Get the hell out of jewish, my pool” he yelled. I dangled there in the middle of the pool wondering how this man could hold me in a chokehold while keeping both of us afloat. “You weak bitch, get the fuck out of on julius, my pool”.

As those words echoed through the empty olympic sized pool room I was let go, left to reach the cover for term side of the deep end under my own power. Drill instructor , English-language films , Help me 1343 Words | 3 Pages. Hunting Snake This poem is considered one of the simplest poems, yet striking in its experience. Essay On Julius Mark Speech? It deals with a personal feeling . experienced by the poet who happened to meet a snake once. Her feeling at that moment is somewhat confusing. She is bewildered between the jewish essay sense of awe and fear and how these two contradictory feelings co-exist and intermingle in a way that surprises not only the speaker but also the essay caesar antony's speech reader. Types Exploratory? The poem is written in on julius caesar antony's speech traditional four-line stanzas, a simple rhythm and. Anxiety , Poetry , Rhyme 858 Words | 3 Pages. Kenny Pau Hunting Snake The poem ‘hunting snake ’ written by diaspora, . On Julius Caesar Mark? Judith Wright highlights the idea that nature and papers exploratory man are equal. Caesar Mark? Through the use of language and imagery the of research papers poet portrays the snake as a powerful and essay on julius antony's speech majestic creature. This emphasizes the persona’s response to the snakes . She implies that we humans have narrow stereotypical views of the snake . This poem portrays how humans don’t always learn how to respect other creatures.

Fear , Need , Poetry 968 Words | 2 Pages. 1670 - In winter in my room In Winter in my Room I came upon a Worm — Pink, lank and yin case study research warm — But as he was a worm And worms . presume Not quite with him at on julius caesar mark antony's, home — Secured him by a string To something neighboring And went along. A Tri?e afterward A thing occurred I'd not believe it if I heard But state with creeping blood — A snake with mottles rare Surveyed my chamber ?oor In feature as the worm before But ringed with power — The very string with which I tied him — too When. Carl Jung , Human sexual behavior , Sexual intercourse 524 Words | 3 Pages. John Ward October 24, 2014 COMM/215 Paul KorzeniowskiFear of Happiness Fear of Happiness “Unhappiness is often viewed as something to be . prevented, avoided or eliminated. Yet recent studies reveal that for some people, feeling good is what scares them,” (Rodriguez, 2013). A friend of mine called me last week worried because everything in his life was going right. Types Of Research Exploratory? Steven was scared something bad was going to happen because he was completely happy. This experienced and essay on julius mark brainy man said throughout. Anxiety , Emotion , Fear 1069 Words | 2 Pages. Overcoming My Fears of Returning to College as an Adult.

Overcoming My Fears of diaspora essay, Returning to College as an Adult Many people in today’s economy are finding it very difficult to essay on julius antony's . survive financially and are frantically seeking ways to overcome that threat of losing everything they have worked so hard their entire lives to achieve. Since the job opportunities are few and far between many are turning to furthering their education, but some of email updated resume, us from the essay antony's speech older generation have found it can be very frightening and challenging to return to the classroom. Academic degree , Doctor of Philosophy , Doctorate 945 Words | 3 Pages. The Snake Goddess The Snake Goddess, a voluptuous, divine figure with bare breasts, and snakes in both hands, is . Diaspora Essay? one of the most well known female deity’s and faience figurines in essay caesar mark antony's Minoan culture (Patron). Cover Sheet? The actual representation of the essay on julius caesar mark Snake Goddess is unknown; however, a majority of perceptions would all agree that the Snake Goddess is an important female deity in Minoan civilization. By analyzing the importance of symbolism, the paper role of women in Minoan civilization and essay on julius speech The Snake Goddesses role. Arthur Evans , Crete , Greek mythology 1432 Words | 4 Pages. Fear is a form of a phobia and introducing is something that lives within us no matter how big or small. Everyone has fear but some people . On Julius Caesar Mark? try to hide it more than others do.

Fear usually develops during ones childhood. Fear also comes in a variety of common things such as Snakephobia ( fear of snakes ) or Hypsiphobia ( fear of heights) but there are uncommon fears as well such as Hadephobia ( fear of hell) or Heliophobia ( fear of the sun). My biggest fear is actually very common called Coulrophobia ( fear of clowns). Clown , Clowning , Coulrophobia 855 Words | 2 Pages. Fear is a driving force in The Lord of the Flies. How does fear in resume all of its forms influence the boy's attitudes and behaviours? . One of many prominent themes in William Golding's novel, the Lord of the on julius caesar mark antony's speech Flies, is Fear . From the very first chapter, until the last, fear plays an study, important role in this text.

It is the only thing, which stops the boys from essay on julius, acting rationally at times, from questioning curious circumstances and it physically hindered so many of the boys, so many times. The active role. Civilization , English-language films , Lord of the Flies 1229 Words | 3 Pages. Pike and Hunting Snake Comparison. ?In the poems “The Hunting Snake ” by Judith Wright and “Pike” by Ted Hughes a strong relationship between man and nature is essay explored and . expressed. Judith Wright was an Australian poet, environmentalist and Aboriginal land rights campaigner.

Ted Hughes was an English poet and caesar antony's children’s book writer. Themes discussed in his poems were mostly nature having being fascinated with them from an sheet paper, early age. Essay On Julius Caesar Mark Antony's? He wrote frequently of the cover for term paper mixture of beauty and antony's violence in the natural world. Both poets explore. Poetry , Stanza 1249 Words | 3 Pages. My Hopes And Fears For The Next 10 Years. ? My hopes and updated fears for the next 10 years Being rather pessimistic, I would like to start off with my . fears . I guess my most immediate fear is the approaching SPM examination. On Julius Antony's? Though I have always been conscientious and am often among the top five students in class, I’m a bit worried about not doing well enough to enter sixth form.

This would mean that my parents would have to spend more money to send me to a private college. Even if I do enter sixth form, I worry about scoring brilliantly in the. A Good Opportunity , Anxiety , Goal 2261 Words | 9 Pages. The Guiding Wind My vision was blurry, smudging my surroundings into a blob of color. Something was slamming into updated resume the wall of . Caesar Mark Antony's? my chest as if it was trying to break free. Application Waiter? I put my hand over my heart and essay antony's speech felt each strong pulsation quicken. I knew I had to concentrate and yin case research use all of essay caesar, my will power to take another step forward.

I had to email updated resume keep telling myself not to look down, but how? How could I not look down if I needed to caesar antony's speech see where to updated put my foot? Tension started to essay speech build in my muscles making every. English-language films , I Decided , Tree climbing 1423 Words | 4 Pages. The Fear of The Unknown The short stories of Ben Loory, Stories for formal Nighttime and Some for the Day, exhibit numerous postmodern qualities . through literary context, language and themes. One of these reoccurring themes within the collection is the concept of fear of the unknown.

Three stories exemplary of this theme are “The Magic Pig,” “The Fish in essay on julius mark antony's the Teapot,” and “The Snake in the Throat.” In every one of these stories chosen there is an introducing, appearance of an antony's, object. Essay? One character is tortured by. Existentialism , Jacques Derrida , Meaning of life 1175 Words | 3 Pages. Hunting Snake and essay caesar mark antony's speech the Cockroach Note. “Hunting Snake ” Judith Wright ** Australian poet fascinated by Aboriginal life and a reverence for nature. Poetic Devices: . Alliteration/hypnotic quality that lulls reader and reflects simple poetry of youth Assonance/like alliteration, many soft repetitive sounds (‘w’ and essay introducing self ‘s’ particularly) that also mirror snake’s movements Imagery/very strong, visceral poem. Sensory-oriented. Creates a strong, confident, beautiful, awe-inspiring image of snake (focus of poem) Rhyme scheme/very simple until ‘twist’. Alliteration , Cockroach , Focus 1365 Words | 4 Pages. Grant Poole 4A 8/13/12 This is a story about my crazy snake adventure.

My crazy snake adventure . started when I woke up to antony's speech go for my last day of Middle School at JFK. It started out jewish essay, like any other morning; I woke up, ate breakfast, put on essay caesar antony's speech clothes, and got ready to start the day. Because it was the types of research last day of essay antony's speech, school a bunch of us kids decided to walk home instead of taking the bus. Little did I know this walk home would be one to remember… About an hour before the afternoon announcements came. 2007 albums , Aerosmith , American films 552 Words | 2 Pages. Post 1914 Poetry Comparison. D. H. Lawrence, Snake. Sylvia Plath, Medallion. Coursework. Introducing? Post 1914 poetry comparison. D. H. Lawrence, Snake . Sylvia Plath, Medallion.

By close reference to these poems compare . and contrast the views of snakes presented by Lawrence and Plath. In your answer you should consider: ? The tone of the essay caesar mark speech poems and language used. ? The moral and philosophical agendas of the poets. In this essay I will try to diaspora compare two poems, the first of which is by D. H. Lawrence entitled Snake . Caesar Mark Speech? The second is by Sylvia Plath and is entitled Medallion. Poetry , Sestet , Snake 1595 Words | 5 Pages. I’m Sorry My Snake In the poem “ Snake ,” D.H. Lawrence will discuss someone who has wronged him or done something . deceitful to essay him. Essay Caesar Antony's? As one can see in the following paragraph, Lawrence’s poem “ Snake ,” is about the narrator’s encounter with a venomous snake at a water trough. Letter? The narrator appears to be a man who owns the water trough, and comes to it quite often.

Once he arrives at the trough, the narrator sees that he must wait because a snake has come there for water as well. The snake turns to. Albatross , Alliteration , Allusion 1211 Words | 3 Pages. Eleanor Roosevelt “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself” Franklin D. Roosevelt Everybody on the planet has more . than one fear . Some are more severe than others; some are understandable while others are trivial. Fear is mostly mental. Fear is a menacing part of life.

Fear is frightening. Caesar Mark Speech? Fear is an email updated, exciting part of life. Without fear there would be less control in essay on julius caesar the world. Fear brings notable traits such as perseverance and determinism. Introducing? Fear is an intimidating thing but it can bring good. Death , English-language films , Family 1191 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Drafting Although they both can relate to each other, there is a major difference between fear and on julius mark speech anxiety. Both actions can . happen to adults and adolescents at anytime. Papers Exploratory? Either or can cause harm to one because of on julius mark antony's, catching an email updated, anxiety attack from being highly afraid of something. They may also be very rewarding, do to knowing right from essay on julius caesar mark speech, wrong.

There are five different types of anxiety which include, panic disorder, Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Anxiety disorders 758 Words | 3 Pages. Josh Mclawhorn Eng 232 Professor Etheridge 9/24/2012 Emily Dickinson’s “The Snake ” “The snake ” by papers, Emily Dickinson is essay caesar mark speech a . 24 line poem describing an encounter with a snake in cover sheet for term paper the grass. The six stanzas of the poem flow together in an ABCB rhyme scheme yet are not formalized into essay on julius caesar mark speech any specific meter. “The Snake ” says that Dickinson shares a friendly and appreciative connection with a snake because it is being of nature, just as she is a being of nature; but even while she appreciates this creature. Emily Dickinson , Metaphor , Poetry 1965 Words | 5 Pages. Jennifer Haynes Anthony Priest English 210 September 26, 2012 Fear is study a powerful and psychological entity. Fear can make . On Julius Speech? us rise to an occasion or crumble under its mighty psychosis.

Fear can arise anywhere. It can come from the known and unknown. Fear can show the strong they are weak and it can show the weak they are strong. A person can learn from sheet for term paper, fear , as I have learned from being afraid. Caesar Mark Antony's Speech? The first day attending a new school is scary to cover sheet for term most young children. They know no one and on julius speech usually. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Claustrophobia 1115 Words | 3 Pages. ? Why do we Fear Death? Why do we Fear Death? Many of us fear death . to cover for term paper some degree at on julius mark speech, some point of our lives.

To some it’s as early as teenage years, and to types exploratory others, it’s later in their mid 30’s. On Julius Caesar Mark Antony's? We as individuals see fear and papers exploratory death at different levels. Essay On Julius Mark Antony's? Before I get in detail, lets first define death and fear , then we can see how they are correlated. According to Merriam-Webster, fear is an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something. Afterlife , Death , Faith 735 Words | 5 Pages. Snakecharmer and essay self In the Snake Park. nature of the snakes and their relationship with the snakecharmer. There is no consistent rhyme scheme to the poem, and on julius mark almost all the . stanzas in the poem have run-on lines to the following stanza. Sheet For Term? The effect these create is a general atmosphere of inconsistency and disorder.

The run-on lines also place an emphasis upon the last word of the stanza and the first word of the caesar following, helping the cover for term paper poet impress upon caesar mark speech, the reader the significance of words such as river, tongues, snakes , shapes. Meter , Poetry , Rhyme 1455 Words | 4 Pages. Anxiety Fear Anxiety and fear are both emotional reactions to application job of waiter danger, yet there is a difference between the two. . Fear is a reaction that is proportionate to real danger; anxiety is a disproportionate reaction to danger or even a reaction to imaginary danger. Caesar? Anxiety is feeling unrealistic fear , worry, uneasiness, and types of research exploratory being unfocused. People who have anxiety also tend to feel restless, have fatigue, problems in caesar antony's concentration, and muscular tension. Formal Application Job Of Waiter? Fear is the ability to recognize danger leading. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy 978 Words | 3 Pages. Relationships (PSYC 1030-04) 1 April 2013 Self-Change Project: Overcoming Fear of Failure “Waiting For the Beat to Drop” On a day to day . basis, I experience the phobia atychiphobia; according to the medical dictionary, it is the fear of failing. This phobia is a major part of my life that I would like to change, because I am being consumed by the possibility of failing. Essay Antony's Speech? I will either run from the task I am afraid of failing, or fear will motivate me to excel.

This phobia has held me back from attempting. English-language films , Fear , Life 1498 Words | 4 Pages. Michael Giese English IV-4 Mr. Russow SNAKE David Herbert Richards Lawrence was born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, England on September 11, . 1885. His poem Snake was written while he was living in Taormina, Sicily in types papers 1920. The poem is actually derived from an experience there(Groliers). In all, Lawrence published 11 novels in essay on julius antony's speech his lifetime, 5 volumes of plays, 9 volumes of introducing self, essays, and several short story collections. Of these, Snake was one of his most famous poems. The poem can also be related.

D. H. Lawrence , Feeling , Frieda von Richthofen 1070 Words | 3 Pages. HUNTING SNAKE -Judith Wright Hunting snake is the poem written by Judith Wright, an Australian environmentalist, who shares . her amazing encounter with a great black snake . The main theme of the on julius mark poem is for term nature. Mark Antony's? Here, the description that the poet gives about self “the great black snake ” is pretty much similar to the red bellied black snake which was found in the writer’s hometown in New South Wales. In this poem, the persona or the voice is that of the poet herself. The poem is written in a quatrain.

Iambic tetrameter , Meter , Poetic form 809 Words | 3 Pages. Effect of Fear Fear can impact us in many ways. It limits us from doing things we want in life and even for ourselves. It . constrains us, affects all our actions and decisions, and ends up ruling our lives. It may also lead us to do inadequate steps that may destruct others and essay us. On the other hand, fear stays as the permanent alarm in our lives that keeps us from doing reckless moves and resume actions. Essay Mark Antony's Speech? There exist multiple reasons that make this topic interesting. The various effects of fear on society. A Doll's House , Effect , Fear 897 Words | 3 Pages. Fear causes anxiety, and anxiety can cause fear . Jewish Diaspora Essay? Throughout our lives, we experience circumstances that make us feel different . emotions.

Some situations make us experience positive feelings and emotions, such as joy and excitement. At other times, we experience things that bring about feelings of loneliness, loss, sadness, fear and anxiety. Essay Caesar Antony's? Anxiety and fear both produce similar responses to certain dangers. Also, they both often cause similar symptoms, such as muscle tension, increased heart rate. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Emotion 937 Words | 3 Pages. SCARED OF THE DARK Have you ever had a fear that makes you so nervous? Are you scared of the types of research dark? Well, I am.

I’m so scared of the dark . sometimes. Essay On Julius Mark Speech? I get worried when I’m all alone in updated resume the dark. Ever since I was young the night would scared me. When I was younger, I would always make sure to be home before the essay caesar sun went down. If it was night, I would always be in a well-lit place.

If it was quiet and no noise, I felt like spirit is present. Formal Application Letter? My biggest fear is being alone in the dark, because there. Akira Kurosawa , Anxiety , Basement 1144 Words | 3 Pages. 2013 Mr. On Julius Caesar Antony's? Marcus Gamble Are you afraid of the dark? Fear of the dark, or nyctophobia, is a serious affliction that can lead to diaspora essay loss of . sleep, heightened anxiety and even physical illness if it is essay on julius caesar antony's speech not treated.

Although most people associate fear of the dark with childish fears , persistent nyctophobia is yin case a serious condition that should be treated with the help of a professional. A few tips can help mitigate the symptoms and effects of a fear of darkness and help begin the road to recovery. In. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Clinical psychology 781 Words | 3 Pages. Lauren may have learned of her Fear of Flying? How Lauren learned she had a fear in flying?

Using the essay caesar mark speech Classical Conditioning . Jewish Essay? theory the possibilities could be endless. Classical conditioning in simple terms is the method in caesar antony's which one determines why and the cause of a condition as well as what has brought it about. There are many stimulus both conditioned and unconditioned that can cause fear or other problems, but the major reason for causes regarding the fear of flying has been mentioned in. Behaviorism , Classical conditioning , Eyeblink conditioning 748 Words | 3 Pages. the poem is the introducing self sudden appearance of the snake and mark speech the surprised reactions of the poet and of research papers her companion. The snake does no harm . to the walkers and they in turn do not harm the snake . As an caesar mark speech, environmentalist, Wright sought to preserve the natural surroundings in Australia. Self? She cared intensely for the Aboriginal people who lived in essay speech close intimacy with nature which the settlers did not. The poem, on the surface, is about the sudden appearance of the snake but it could also be about the various. Indigenous Australians , Indigenous peoples , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 802 Words | 3 Pages. Incorporation of Snake Cult in Indian Religion.

worship out of study, fear . As humans it is soothing for essay mark antony's us to introducing believe in a super power which is essay on julius mark antony's capable of giving as well as ridding us off our . problems. This principle applied for animals too and it became the basis of animal worship in India, as all the existing creatures are either useful of harmful to humans so it is better to jewish worship them. Naga clan of ancient India were the on julius first clan to begin the snake worship. Not only Hinduism but also Buddhism and cover for term Jainism are worshiper of snakes . Worshiping the. Deva , Hinduism , Krishna 1804 Words | 6 Pages. The Fear Of Death The title On The Fear Of Death, caught my eye as I was skimming the on julius caesar antony's text for email resume a story. . After some thought, I concluded that the word death means more to me than most of essay caesar mark, my peers. I grew up as the daughter of a hard working man, one with an uncommon occupation. My father is letter job of waiter a mortician.

On The Fear Of Death intrigued me because many adopt such a negative view of death. Kubler-Ross takes the concept of death and embraces it, perhaps allowing her to ease her own fear of mortality. Afterlife , Death , Demography 860 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Theme in “ Snake ” A theme found in the poem “ Snake ” is that the respect man has for nature hinges on the difference . between instinct and caesar mark antony's speech learned behavior. Jewish? D.H. Lawrence expresses this theme through the use of similes and conflict. The literary elements used in the poem help clearly point out essay on julius, this meaningful message. As the poem begins, the narrator comes across a golden-brown snake as he approached his water trough.

At first, the narrator shows respect and admiration for the creature. Behavior , Conscience , Feeling 508 Words | 2 Pages. sensation instantly went throughout his body and that was when he saw a snake still laying beside the log he had just stepped over. Bob had . many questions running through his snakes With it’s long slender body the snake’s probably the funniest shaped creature you will ever encounter. There are many points about introducing this wonderful Reptile that make it a high asset . head. He didn’t know what to do. Essay On Julius Caesar? He didn’t know if the snake was poisonous. Bob began to types exploratory panic. What next? Is Bob going to live? We will.

Crotalinae , Crotalus , Snake 1710 Words | 5 Pages. terrified of snakes , and I was forced to go to a wedding where snakes passed around. When I was supposed to give one of the . snakes to my father, I hesitated, giving the snake , enough time to bite my father’s artery .He died in a matter of minutes. Twenty years later, I was still scared of snakes , while my elder brother teased me about it. Thinking that he was to help me to get over from phobia, my brother went to a Native American snake proprietor, called Hawk, who then told about mark a tiny snake living. Brille , Constable , English-language films 797 Words | 2 Pages.

Fear And Phobias What is cover sheet for term your greatest fear ? Do you know the answer? A lot of people don't. We just know that we sometimes . feel fear and most people don't like it. Sometimes, people like the caesar mark speech feeling of fear . Have you ever heard the term adrenaline junkie? That's those people that like fear . In this article, I will tell you everything you need to know about fear and introducing self phobias. Fear The Origin and Reasons of essay on julius mark antony's, Fear The sensation of fear is related to formal application letter 2 parts of the brain, the prefrontal cortex. Acrophobia , Arachnophobia , Fear 711 Words | 3 Pages. Background This profile envisages the establishment of a snake farm for the production of venom with a capacity . of 100 gm per annum. Caesar Antony's Speech? The present demand for the proposed product is sheet for term paper estimated at 5,500 kg per annum.

The demand is essay mark antony's expected to essay self reach at 11,434 kg by the year 2022. The plant will create employment opportunities for 27 persons. Venom is a poison of animal origin usually restricted to poisons that are administered. Antivenom , Bitis , Capacity utilization 1346 Words | 7 Pages. My biggest fear is something that keeps me up many a night. I have a fear of heights, of drowning and of several . other tangible things. However, I believe that when confronted with those, I will probably be able to on julius mark deal with them in some form or another (don't ask me how you deal with a fear of heights, but I will). This one that I consider to be my biggest is like a disease, something I haven't figured out how to formal application letter job of waiter deal with. Essay On Julius Caesar Mark? The worst part is that I am not sure there even exists a solution to it. American films , Cognition , Critical thinking 644 Words | 2 Pages.

Fear Induced Emotion on Motivation. ? Fear Induced Emotion on Motivation University of Texas at Arlington Anxiety is a psychological, physiological, and sheet for term . behavior state in humans and on julius caesar antony's animals by a threat to application letter well-being or survival, either potential or actual. Each of us has felt afraid, and essay caesar mark we can all recognize fear in many animal species. The function state of updated, fear is defined in essay mark speech terms of being caused by a particular pattern of jewish essay, adaptive behavior to avoid or cope with that threat. We have all been in essay on julius caesar mark antony's a situation. Anxiety , Claustrophobia , Emotion 2891 Words | 7 Pages. Fear Heart pounding, heavy breathing, and pale skin are all triggered by what is known as fear . But what is fear , . really?

Is it simply just being afraid? Are there things that should be feared? Can a person control fear ? These questions can be thought-provoking at best but they all lead to the same answer. Fear is what overcomes the mind when a person is email resume put into a situation they don't know how to handle. Fear can be expressed in many ways, such as crying, screaming, sweating, silence, running. Acrophobia , Claustrophobia , Fear 1011 Words | 3 Pages.

Facing one's fear takes a lot of courage. Caesar? One of the fear that I've ever had was going to the dentist. I was afraid of the . dentist, but I decided that being checked up and jewish diaspora have my teeth cleaned was an important hygiene that I should do. I also thought it would be a part of good hygiene and would help me become a better person. What I didn't realize was that facing my fear to see the dentist would also make me a more confident person. On Julius Caesar Mark? Just thinking about going to the dentist office made me feel. Dental hygienist , Dental implant , Dental therapist 475 Words | 2 Pages. A phobia is an excessive or unreasonable fear of an object. PHOBIAS A phobia is an introducing self, excessive or unreasonable fear of an object, place or situation. Simple phobias are fears of specific . things such as insects, infections, flying. Agoraphobia is a fear of being in on julius caesar mark places where one feels trapped or unable to get help, such as in crowds, on a bus, or standing in a queue.

A social phobia is essay introducing self a marked fear of social or performance situations. Phobias are extremely common. Caesar Antony's Speech? Sometimes they start in childhood for no apparent reason; sometimes they emerge after a. Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Fear 1393 Words | 5 Pages. First Time Everyone has their biggest fears , and growing up, mine was to experience a rollercoaster ride. Types? My . fear for heights has always made a big impact on me. Caesar Mark Antony's Speech? From being not able to look down from for term paper, a bridge for more than ten seconds to still getting petrified when that elevator ride gives that “floating” feeling, being afraid of heights tend to always make me different from others. It made me feel shameful every once in a while whenever my friends were in my presence and all they talked about speech was. Amusement park , Bolliger Mabillard , Cedar Point 1135 Words | 3 Pages.

Maybe the root of my motivation to jewish diaspora essay keep moving forward wasn’t in my dreams, but in my fears that kept . me awake at night. Essay On Julius Mark Antony's Speech? One would think it would be the other way around, but what doesn’t kill you only makes you stronger, right? They seemed to haunt my thoughts wherever life seemed to take me, and they still do. Stopping me from updated, doing even some of the little things in life. They say that the only thing to fear is fear itself, but overcoming your fears is one of the biggest obstacles anyone will ever. Anxiety , Coco , Debut albums 1257 Words | 3 Pages. The Mouse and the Snake , by VIKRAM SETH July 10, 1994 One fine morning two small mice, Much against essay speech, their friend's advice, Visited a room . where grain Undisturbed for months had lain. Ads by Google * Tees for MenDynamic range of Graphic Tees Now @ American Swan Fashion * What Happens When You DieNew scientific theory says death isn't the Other mice had entered; none Lived to eat and tell--not one. But the two friends, unpoliced, Broke. Beastly Tales , Crying , Mice 811 Words | 6 Pages. Facing Fear: How I fared in My Driving Test.

Licensing Office and jewish diaspora down the steep ramp, I looked at my mother in disappointment and embarrassment. Never wanting to return to that dreadful . place, I slowly dragged my feet back to the car. I wanted to curl up in a little ball and I didn't want anyone else to know what I had done. As I gained my composure, I finally got into the car. Caesar Antony's? I didn't even want to hear what my mother had to say. My face was red and I was trying to hide my face in the palms of my hands because I knew what was about to come, she. Automobile , Debut albums , Driving 1400 Words | 3 Pages. In the poem #8220;To the Snake #8221; the author Denise Levertov use several writing techniques to portray money and essay self gambling. Caesar Antony's Speech? She uses . syntax, sound imagery, color imagery, figurative language, and symbolism to represent money and jewish diaspora gambling. Symbolism is essay mark speech used cleverly throughout the poem to types depict a number of things that would take numerous readings to see.

Throughout the poem the sentences are structured so that every other sentence is indented, with exception to the first two and the last. Banknote , Cliff Richard , Coin 1141 Words | 3 Pages. Aleksandar Radoicic 145/11 My Childhood Fear Why do people have fears ? Why do we let . Essay Antony's Speech? fears control our lives? I never thought I would ever get over types of research exploratory, my own fears . These fears made my childhood very difficult and hard to deal with. Essay On Julius Mark Antony's? When I was a kid, I was scared of spiders. As great as my parents were about letting their kids explore the world and letting us develop our own opinions about the organisms we encountered, I think my fear of spiders was largely my dad’s fault. He still tells. Arachnid , Arthropod , Black Widow 811 Words | 2 Pages. Running Head: Biggest Fear 1 Biggest Fear Brittany Cline Ivy Tech Community College English 112 9/29/14 . Biggest Fear 2 Abstract Fear is a natural part in of research papers the life of every person.

There is a reason or reasons behind all fears , whether the fear is instinctive or acquired. Caesar Mark Speech? Through the course of my life, I have taken notice of a certain fear that unnerves me, and it is the fear of being taken. Biggest Fear 3 Have you ever walked by yourself at night into. E-mail , English-language films , Fear 442 Words | 1 Pages.

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Julius Caesar Essay: Brutus's and Antony's Speeches |…

Analysis of Mood in Porphyria#8217;s Lover. Erin Brewton Rosemary Royston ENGL 2601 21 October 2012 Mood in Porphyria’s Lover Robert Browning uses powerful moments of personification and imagery that linger in a reader’s mind. However, the one craft that truly stands out on julius caesar mark speech, is the mood of the poem. Browning uses specific word choice, imagery, and tone to shape the mood into what can best be described as haunting. Sheet For Term? Given the topic of the essay on julius caesar antony's speech, piece, the reaction to find the piece haunting only seems natural. But Browning uses some very interesting ways to email updated, make a reader slightly uncomfortable even before awareness is raised about the disturbing murder to follow. He also uses punctuation in the last few lines to capture the essay mark antony's, long-going uneasiness and blooming insanity of the work. After the essay, first line of the poem, Browning begins to use personification, telling us “The sullen wind was soon awake, / It tore the elm-tops down for mark antony's speech, spite, / And did its worst to vex the lake:” (Browning 2-4). The words chosen for personifying the yin case study, wind have clear negative connotations. Browning tells us that the wind is tearing down the tree tops just “for spite”, which acknowledges that the wind has a specific intent to essay on julius caesar antony's, hurt the trees. Jewish Essay? The lake is also being purposefully agitated by the wind.

The aggressive nature of the wind is foreshadowing the on julius mark, strangling of Porphyria and certainly setting an unsettling mood from the very first lines of the poem. Porphyria enters the house and “from her form / Withdrew the dripping cloak and shawl, / And laid her soiled gloves by, untied / Her hat and let the damp hair fall” (Browning 10-13). The key words in these lines are “dripping” and “soiled”. Both of these words are purposefully used to represent Porphyria. The term soiled implies that she is in fact unfaithful. Dripping” could be taken in a couple of of research, ways. On Julius Mark Antony's Speech? Metaphorically, she could be dripping with dirtiness from sleeping with another man/other men. Literally, her cloak and shawl are dripping, but this could also refer to specific bodily functions women encounter during intercourse. These very subtle word choices play an important role in formal application letter job of setting the essay mark speech, attitude towards Porphyria. The narrator has already stated that he was listening “with heart fit to break”, which suggests even before Porphyria walks in job of waiter dripping with soiled gloves that she has done something terrible (Browning 5). The reader is given opportunity to imagine her voice murmuring into mark speech, his ear.

Through this strong imagery, the mood moves switches from aggressive to strictly discomforting, specifically due to the use of the word “murmuring”. In most contexts, murmuring is used when a large crowd is formal letter job of waiter speaking all at once or there is some other type of essay mark antony's speech, soft constant noise. With that in mind, it can be noted that if Porphyria’s statements of love are simply background noise, the sheet for term, narrator must be listening intently to his own mind. This is the point in which the narrators’ negative mental state begins to reveal itself. The mood remains uncomfortable but added to that is a sense of suspense.

After the narrator explains that Porphyria has good intent in loving him, but that she struggles with the surplus of passion within her, he “looked up at her eyes / Happy and proud; at essay antony's speech, last I knew / Porphyria worshiped me” (Browning 31-33). The fact that he believes Porphyria worships him would suggest some form of narcissistic disorder on the part of the exploratory, narrator. After the narrator has allowed readers into this part of his mind, there is no question that he is not mentally stable. Readers may be slightly more uneasy, almost to the point of anxiousness, being inside the mind of an unstable man. However, the narrator’s tone is very matter of fact, which subdues the mood to on julius caesar mark, a tolerable ache of emotional discomfort. The narrator states “That moment she was mine, mine, fair, / Perfectly pure and good” (Browning 36-37), and essay after such realization, he decides that in order to preserve this moment, he needs to take action. He gathers “all her hair / In one long yellow string I wound / Three times her little throat around, / And strangled her” (Browning 38-41).

In this specific moment, imagery is not to thank for on julius caesar mark, setting the mood. It is introducing self Browning’s tone that acknowledges the lack of emotion whilst a man is strangling his lover. The narrator voices no anger, nor bestows Porphyria with any compliments of beauty or character during the actual event of her strangling. After she is on julius caesar dead, the narrator voices no remorse, and even tells himself “No pain felt she; / I am quite sure she felt no pain. Yin Case? / As a shut bud that holds a bee” (Browning 41-43). The narrators streaming thoughts of insanity continue when he “warily oped her lids: again / Laughed the on julius mark speech, blue eyes without a stain.

And I untightened next the tress / About her neck” (Browning 44-47). Porphyria’s dead eyes are still alive to him, but now they are pure (without a stain). The mood is essay set by the unusually calm tone paired with such a tragic and horrific event. Essay On Julius? Some readers may choose to feel the of research, calm expressed by essay on julius caesar mark antony's the tone, or some may choose to feel the disgust and anxiety expressed by the text. One of the most interesting ways that Browning creates a mood of insanity is in his use of exclamation points. Formal Job Of? The narrator speaks of Porphyria’s “smiling rosy little head” resting upon his shoulder, and claims it is “glad it has its utmost will, / That all it scorned at once is fled” (Browning 52-54). In the next line, Browning includes his usage of punctuation by writing “And I, its love, am gained instead! ” (Browning 55). The narrator is on julius speech genuinely ecstatic that Porphyria can have him, instead of struggling with trying to deny herself her passionate pleasures. To him, he is the greatest prize, which reinforces the idea that the narrator is narcissistic. Through this realization in a reader’s mind, the mood of insanity is cemented, since the monotonous and unexcited tone used by Browning changes into a tone that is content and happy despite the diaspora, narrator’s horrible crime.

The last three lines of this work read: “And thus we sit together now, / And all night long we have not stirred, / And yet God has not said a word! ” (Browning 58-60). Imagery and punctuation are key in these lines. The reader is previously drawn a clear picture of caesar mark antony's, Porphyria, blushing red with her unstained eyes and wet, damp, yellow hair, resting on the narrators’ shoulder. Application Letter Job Of Waiter? The mood gathered from “all night long we have not stirred” in this context is simply an on julius antony's, extension of the illogical kind of insanity that has already formed. The narrator is, according to the exclamation point, in awe that God has not spoken up about his indecent actions. The building sentiment of insanity has reached its peak in this last punctuation mark. As a poet, Browning understands that by putting an audience in the mind of a sociopathic narrator, he is making the audience complicit to the crime.

To this end, Browning uses several tools to create a mood of uneasiness, discomfort, and insanity from its early stages of introduction to letter job of waiter, its grand finale. The mood of essay speech, uneasiness is essential to capture the essay, mental state of the narrator. Further, Browning uses the on julius caesar mark, lack of conscience in introducing self his narrator to heighten the discomfort of his audience. Imagery, personification, word choice, and punctuation all greatly assist in pushing the essay caesar mark, audience to email resume, feel a certain way throughout the work. Works Cited Browning, Robert. Porphyria’s Lover. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?

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Julius Caesar Essay: Brutus's and Antony's Speeches |…

essay greedy Book contains two essays, Greed and Greed II. Essay Caesar Antony's Speech? Click on cover. Is exploitation wrong? by Julian Edney.

This is not the first time the nation has produced dramatic economic inequalities. What are very wealthy people like? The everyday world of work vs. values of democracy. How assumption of self-interest leads to fear in the workplace. Freedom, the illusion of freedom, coercion. Exploitation.

Credit cards. Meritocracy. Sociopaths. Corporations and the economic justification for the damage they do. Historically we are emerging from an era with no clear ideology, but an era in which materialism and study research, business has expanded powerfully and internationally, and out of the speech vacuum two old, discredited ideologies, laissez-faire and Social Darwinism appear to be rising again in modern guise.

These ideologies are still flawed; the first (contained in modern Libertarianism) vigorously promotes freedom but ignores justice and is indifferent toward democracy. The second is supported by science, is resume, disinterested in humane values and essay caesar antony's, accommodates exploitation as part of the nature of things. The search for for term paper, a modern economic theory closer to reality. Is this a society of individuals rationally maximizing happiness? Andrews’s view: at least among the disadvantaged, it is a political economy of hope and fear. (1) Looking for morning news, I click on my computer. My internet service flashes with color, the biggest houses, the biggest jewelry, the most expensive toys. The internet’s financial press waxes muscular.

Television is the same. The media are a river of adulation for speech, all this glitter and the people who own it. School textbooks carry a similar message. Despite setbacks, the economy is ever expanding, its power is types papers, unparalleled, we are now spreading free market capitalism around the globe, bringing unimagined wealth and improvement to mud-level nations and countries sucked out by socialism, raising everybody, because that’s what capitalism does. Has everybody been raised here? Actually, with talk of equality written into this nation’s founding papers, the on julius mark antony's scenery never looks right.

The contrast between rich and cover paper, poor grows, and this year has been no exception. As an acquaintance on the street puts it: every year there are more homeless people and caesar mark speech, every year the limousines get longer. If the stated goal of the system was to gradually create inequality, it might also claim success. We barely notice because we are adjusted. But if you are a foreign visitor, how does this nation show? A svelte Scottsdale, of course. Disneyland, of course. Job Of Waiter? The flamboyant homes of the film stars. Lavish Marin County neighborhoods (some of the least affordable rents) (2). But if you are a visitor, your tourist bus will also whisk you past sights never found in the guide books – nor in our kids’ social studies texts. Neighborhoods awash in essay mark antony's, shootings (1,200 gun injuries in South Los Angels alone last year (3) ); square miles of city filled with houses with barred windows, chaotic schools, downtown blocks of sweatshops; whole neighborhoods sunk in semi-literacy, drugs, gangs, fear; and our nightmarish jails (4).

Not everybody looks like they have been raised. The numbers show a radically skewed society. Rather than pages of numbing statistics, I’ll sketch a couple of facts, the first from sociologist Steven Rose. If you drew a line on a building three stories high to represent the distance between the lowest and the highest family income, the average (median) income sits at only 10.5 inches off the ground and half the nation is jewish diaspora, clumped below that (5). Mark Antony's? Second, despite the prodigious numbers of poor, housing for them is so scarce that of the sheet for term paper 3,141 counties in the United States, in only 4 can a person making minimum wage afford a one-bedroom apartment (6). I believe this imbalance mauls the national psyche because the media repeatedly show us images of mark, people and places from the beautiful upper stretches of that vertical line.

In the comparison, thrown at us daily, most of email resume, us lose. This nation equates decency with wealth and on julius mark antony's, indecency with poverty. These media images also create floods of anxiety. Being “less than,” being poor, carries a stigma. Another sociologist thinks we are so materialistic, poverty now actually carries the shame that cowardice carried in earlier, warrior times (7). And actually if the sheet for term paper economy is on fire, we have some funny facts. The dollar has dropped to a fraction of what it was worth thirty years ago. No amount of policy tinkering has been able to stop manufacturing’s chronic decline.

The national trade deficit is at mark antony's speech an all time high (meaning roughly, if it’s foreign made we want to own it). Personal debt has reached swaggering amounts. And bankruptcies have ballooned, now running 1.46 million a year (8) - outstripping the divorce rate, also outstripping annual college graduations (9) . Defenders say, “but compared with dusty nation X or backward country Y - it’s so much worse elsewhere. We are the envy of the world.” When we compare nations, we should keep in study, mind who we are comparing.

Every third world nation has a middle class, no matter how small, with houses, and on julius speech, those folks are still better off than our hordes of jewish, homeless. Essay On Julius Speech? And our wealth inequalities are so stark, poor people here are worse off than many of their foreign counterparts (10). And if you start comparing nations, what about the quality of life? Are our 30 million citizens on antidepressants also the envy of the world? And our suicide rate, with suicide now the third leading cause of death among the young (11) ? Here lurks the question of how much life is worth living. I wish I could get away from these inequalities, but I cannot. Fly away from it all? Board a plane, and we take off. Having settled in at cruising altitude on a flight, surrounded by other passengers, I look out the sun-filled window and we float among the iridescent clouds and for a moment it seems we are transcending the world's concerns. Then the stewardess carefully draws the cabin curtain across the aisle between us and the passengers in first class section.

This act is types of research, noiseless and delicate. Mark Antony's Speech? All passengers’ eyes are riveted on it. Nowadays, nobody seriously criticizes the rich. Criticizing the rich doesn’t make much sense if you think you’re going to be one. But it wasn’t always that way. This isn’t the first time this nation has produced a huge separation between rich and poor. In the 1870s-1890s America actually had a brush with serious economic revolt (12). The trouble was started by common farmers in the hinterland - stake holders in essay introducing, the new frontier - dismayed that all their hard work didn’t deliver. The Civil War’s aftermath was a time of immense capital growth for some and hopeless drudgery for others. Chicago and New York contained both wealth-aristocrats in frivolously decorated mansions that mocked European aristocratic manors, and on the other side, smoke-stained factories with legions of ragged workers.

In the rural South rich plantation owners lived in white-columned country homes while paying barefoot field workers scrip they could only spend at caesar mark antony's speech the owner’s store – contract labor working in endless debt. This was the era of flamboyant corporation owners in top hats chomping on outsize cigars, also the era of steep child mortality rates, pestilences that swept the streets, misery and short life expectancies for the poor. It was an era of unrestrained markets, the era of monopolists who collaborated with each other in setting prices; little was illegal. Following the Civil War, there were a couple of different currencies in circulation, one sinking in value and less reliable. City banks peddled mortgages widely on new farmland they had never seen. Essay Introducing Self? A new farmer could sign on in either currency. Then a national money contraction occurred, consolidating the caesar mark speech two issues. Farmers took the fall.

They were left owing the banks up to twice what they had signed for. Believing in research, the national promise that hard work brings wealth, they found they only worked and lost money on their slow-producing farms, then worked harder and lost more. Meanwhile, the banks flourished. They grew spectacularly. They argued they were only being patriotic. Bewildered, farmers actually started trying to understand what was wrong by reading books on economics.

The result was a bitter understanding of ‘the money power,’ of lenders rights, of monopolistic control, and of American credit corporations as fortresses of on julius, wealth. In desperation, farmers’ cooperatives started up. They aimed for debtors’ independence. They were made up of plain people seeking self expression. First in the South, this movement swept across Texas, then the Western plains states, attracting farmers by the thousand. Then they joined up with railroad workers who were desperate over low wages and essay introducing, ruinous equipment and who were striking. Eventually the National Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union spread far west and north, and at its peak had over a million members. Caesar Mark Antony's? The Populist Party was started. This new party was virulently anti-monopoly, and its hero was the opposite, the jewish diaspora poor-but-good worker. It successfully ran candidates for local government, and then William Jennings Bryan, a Populist, actually won the Democratic nomination for President.

Bryan had risen from stump-speeches in open fields to the political crest with firebrand oratory telling farmers and caesar speech, workers they were “crucified on a cross of gold,” nailed to the impossible demands of updated resume, credit merchants, and the victims of a monied tyranny (13). The poor have always been demonized. But for the first time, in the 1890s, the rich were being demonized. Bryan lost the election to McKinley in 1896. Essay Caesar Mark Antony's Speech? The railroad strikes were crushed by robber baron Jay Gould who somehow got local sheriffs to deputize all his strikebreakers. Strikers were called mutinous, and local magistrates declared union leadership a crime. Without Bryan rising, the Populist movement suddenly faded.

There was capitulation and disgust. People muttered ‘you can’t fight the nation’s banks.’ Some farmers even left the of research papers country and moved to on julius antony's speech Canada. Corporate power rose everywhere again. Sentiment changed. In memory, words like ‘the people’s’, and ‘progressive’, became tainted with the shadow of socialism. That era is remembered in history books. Essay? But it has been so diluted that Populism is described as an agrarian movement, a protest. Omitted are the rage, the oratory, the fires, the marches, the riots, the militia shooting strikers. I believe some of the early conditions of caesar mark speech, that movement are reappearing.

But today we are mute. We are back to the dogma that whatever the wealthy do is good for the poor. Only a few modern writers like Christopher Lasch see that the detachment of our modern elites is updated resume, actually betraying our democracy (14). Fewer writers, like Charles Derber, are saying the moral decay in this country starts at the top (15). We live in a peculiar era. Essay Caesar Antony's Speech? There is said to jewish essay be no ideology. What is ideology? It is a visionary assertion of values, goals and aims. It ties a people together, explaining what is bigger and more important than each of us. On Julius Caesar Antony's Speech? It is part theory, part speculation. It urges loyalty.

Ideologies can be national, grand and visionary, or subdued and local. They may be delivered from the podium, or they may be unspoken but lurking everywhere as if a colorless gas that saturates a culture’s thinking (16). An ideology can move a community to prepare for war, or it can move a nation to peace; but it gives motivation and meaning, it states the common good, and explains why the people must work together. Without ideology, people can live active lives but they are atomized - there is a hollowness and insecurity beneath. Daniel Bell wrote a book The End of Ideology which says that in the United States, ideology has dissolved (17).

Bell: Through the formal letter last century - at least through the belligerent period of the two World Wars and the 1950s Cold War - the United States had plenty to essay on julius caesar antony's speech say about what it stood for, also what it hated. Introducing Self? Ideology was sharp and it was national. Essay On Julius Caesar? But with the self advent of peace, and especially with the decline of communism, there was suddenly less reason to deliver thunderous speeches about why we are here, what we are ready to essay die for job of, - the speeches that bring urgency and mark, purpose and meaning to people. We have drifted since the Vietnam era without an ideological rudder. We exist in a kind of void, in which individualism flourishes, and narcissism, ego, materialism, the jewish diaspora pursuit of on julius caesar mark antony's speech, self, wealth, status and of research exploratory, greed - but nothing that moves the masses together. Predicting the future may best be left to crystal-gazers, but we can always take hints from newly published books because they contain ideas that may be influential for years. Some new publications are unsettling. Into this void, I’ll argue, are creeping two quasi-ideologies. Actually they are not new. They are two old ideologies, mutated, which are rising again.

First a popular book which appeared in 2002. It describes a part of this society. The way the author works is essay caesar antony's, a new fashion and it is revealing. Beyond that Curtain. Very rich people are hidden from us because they want it that way.

Naturalist Richard Conniff uses sociobiology to describe the for term upper class. He has patiently followed the superrich around (and these folks are above 'junior wealth' which is mark speech, about $5-10 million) and sheet for term paper, has interviewed them in their natural environment. This is the new fashion, to explain what humans do because of their genes and their evolution. Essay On Julius Caesar Antony's? The exotic customs of the moneyed class fill his book The Natural History of the Rich (18). Because he is a naturalist, he unflinchingly compares the people at self the top with the alphas (top members) of other animal species.

Conniff says the superrich are an intensely narcissistic and competitive small group. They arrange their lives so that wherever they go (Aspen, Monaco, Paris) they see the essay caesar antony's speech same few hundred people. Application? They are self-encapsulated. They regard the caesar antony's rest of us as irrelevant, uninformed, even subhuman, and they don't like to talk to us. (One fabulously wealthy lady used her cell phone to call her chief-of-staff who was in introducing self, another country to call her maid to tell the on julius caesar mark antony's maid what to email updated resume do next. The maid had a cell phone and was on the opposite caesar antony's, side of the room from the lady). Conniff reports that just like other top animals, the superrich are driven by the quest for status, mating opportunities and dominance - except that the formal human version constantly denies it. Top-rungers also flout the basic rules of economics.

While average folks purchase more stuff when it becomes less expensive (supply and demand), the leisure class prefers to mark antony's buy stuff that is more expensive, even when comparable stuff is for term paper, available for less. Essay On Julius Mark Antony's Speech? The object is to dazzle. Sociologist Thorstein Veblen identified that odd habit back in 1899 and termed it ‘conspicuous consumption.’ It’s waste in order to impress (19, 20). Conniff points out animals do this too. The cascading tail feathers of alpha male peacocks have no useful function. They are there to impress other peacocks - in fact they are so conspicuous they practically prevent the bird from flying. More biology: the way the email updated superrich have isolated themselves for centuries now qualifies them as a pseudospecies. By hanging out and mating only with their own kind, over many generations, they have effectively removed themselves from the gene pool.

Sociobiology is essay caesar, a fairly new division of biology. It’s been around since the 1970s. Introducing? It holds that human behavior is genetically shaped, like animals which run largely on on julius mark speech instinct. It says our behavior is study, evolved. Sociobiology has a younger sister, evolutionary psychology, which talks more about humans than animals, but in the same way. On Julius Mark Speech? Evolutionary psychology holds that our daily routines and our choices are not nearly as spontaneous as we think because our behavior and our emotions are determined by the long tracks of natural selection. Both these disciplines are in their infancy. Both are busily looking for parallels between animal behavior and our behavior to show we are more instinct than we think. So what Conniff does is to illustrate the dominant posturing of top rats versus the belly-crawling of their subordinates, and the bluster of top baboons versus the rump-presenting submissiveness of subordinates - and compares it to the obsequious behavior of human underlings who attend to our superrich. Dominance patterns in this species fit dominance patterns in that.

So for instance in types papers, both human and essay caesar, walrus communities, the top elite have more. Research? They copulate more, they get more of what they want, and they guard more resources than they need. On Julius Mark Speech? Conniff states: Humans seem to be 'ethologically despotic,' like chimpanzees; that is, we have a natural predisposition to hammering other people into submission. Except that in human males this is expressed as a single-minded determination to impose their vision on jewish the world (21). Why do the rest of us go along with this? We can’t help it.

A stare from on julius speech high authority throws us into rabbit-panic. Lower ranking humans throw themselves into submission, even sacrificing themselves for email, their high superiors. It’s all biologically evolved behavior. Inequality is everywhere in the animal kingdom - even animals that can’t do much else, such as chickens, are expert at knowing the ranks of all other chickens. And a low ranking wolf will fight to on julius mark antony's speech the death for its pack even while its daily life is made miserable by cruel tormenting from the essay animals above it because belonging to a hierarchy is on julius caesar speech, everything. Formal Job Of? According to sociobiologists, hierarchy chains us humans too. It makes no sense, but animals and humans alike sometimes cling to those who batter them. It's in the genes. Along the way, it would be heartening to learn from sociobiologists that our top people are good people. That part is missing. The ultra rich are likely to have serious mayhem in the family history.

Conniff traces this old saying to Balzac: ‘Behind every fortune there’s an undiscovered crime.’ Generations ago, many alpha families originally ascended by force and illegal conquest - and, in his interviews, often show themselves proud of it. And what of our popular belief the wealthy are that way because they work very hard? Do they? Well, maybe. Conniff interviewed one extremely wealthy woman who told him, I'm the most normal, normal person, I'm not like most rich people. I work really hard. Most rich people I know don't do anything but eat, drink, sleep, pardon the on julius caesar mark speech term, fuck, and have a good time (22). Genius and Alcoholism.

If our behaviors are genetic, it means we don’t have much control over them. Simple actions, breathing, sleeping, coughing are all behaviors we can’t change. But evolutionary psychology says many of our more complicated behaviors are partly genetic. We have a ‘genetic predisposition’ towards overeating or dominance or addiction or depression, musical genius, alcoholism, and essay introducing, possibly some criminal behaviors too - because these things have been found to on julius antony's speech run in families. Sheet? Today’s cutting edge research is looking for behaviors that are controlled by genes, and how much. On Julius Antony's? There is a scale called a ‘heritability index’ that runs from 0.0 to 1.0, the idea being that behaviors high on the scale are genetic and can’t be controlled voluntarily. The implications ripple across our legal system. If it is established that somebody has a genetic disposition towards criminal behavior, then he doesn’t have control over it. Think of the formal application letter job of possibilities: imagine a criminal lawyer putting on mark speech the following defense, “…Your Honor my client is not to blame - he couldn’t control his thieving - he was just fulfilling his genetic destiny…” In fact, these legal defenses may become more common as evolutionary psychologist are now arguing that using pornography (23), not paying child support (24) and rape (25 ) are in the genes. Evolutionary psychology is deliberately pushing into public policy.

The appearance of a new book Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and Personal Decisions shows its intended scope (26). But two topics - we might not have guessed which - are keeping biologists agitated. Resume? Are we run by essay mark selfishness? And how important is the individual, as opposed to the group? This is the way it’s coming down: 1. Selfishness. Darwin’s starting point was that life is everywhere a struggle for survival.

If you want to survive, you can’t waste time helping others. In fact most sociobiologists say, don’t bother looking for the tender, caring or even cooperative behavior in humans; it isn’t there (27). Jewish Diaspora Essay? But the essay caesar mark antony's central issue being kicked around: is selfishness by itself sufficient to diaspora essay keep a group surviving? Or does a species of animal also need another type of behavior, like cooperation or altruism, in caesar mark, which members help each other? One camp, the jewish hard-nosed Darwinists, says yes to selfishness – that also means genes-powered greed, genes-powered waste-to-impress (28) – and no to altruism. 2. Selection between whole groups. Darwin said natural selection happens between individuals.

But what about selection between communities (and herds and flocks)? This issue is so hot, arguments between sober academics almost read like kids having tantrums. The point is this: if there is competition between groups (communities) for essay on julius caesar mark, survival, the winning group will be stronger because of teamwork, which takes something like cooperation or altruism between members. A group of only selfish individuals is study research, weakened from essay on julius caesar speech within. And these two issues go hand-in-hand. Orthodox Darwinists say, you don’t need to think about altruism because there is no group-level selection. Daniel Batson writes on formal waiter this debate.

At this point, sociobiology is new and unsure. It keeps issuing statements then correcting itself. Caesar Mark? Does natural selection exclude group selection? Yes; correct that, no. Does natural selection produce only jewish essay selfishness? Yes; correct that, no (29). Actually this is not just a scuffle under the caesar antony's speech stairs among academics. Because of Darwin’s assumptions, all this threatens the very planks on which the theory of evolution rests. So a lot of people are watching this fight (30). When these infant disciplines finally get their sea legs, they will bring home the bogeyman of all questions, because selfishness and diaspora essay, altruism are not just behaviors, they are moral values. What’s really lurking behind all this work: is our morality controlled by essay on julius caesar antony's speech our genes? (31)

Adam Smith cares. Recall that Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations tell us all people act in their own interest (selfishly) - and that is fine, according to him since the whole community eventually benefits. Who does this sound like? It sounds similar to Darwin claiming that animals are naturally selfish - it’s a matter of survival. Both Smith, in Wealth of Nations, and Darwin don’t truck with altruism. Essay Introducing? It would change the basic assumptions of both of their whole theories. Essay Caesar Speech? And we get the hint that Charles Darwin and research, Adam Smith were singing off the essay on julius same sheet of music. So the appearance of Conniff’s book waves a flag. Essay Introducing? Any alliance between biology and on julius mark antony's speech, big money should keep us nervous. Jewish Essay? This alliance has a scurrilous history. A contemporary of Darwin’s was English philosopher Herbert Spencer.

Spencer was not only essay mark speech thinking on for term the same tracks, it was Spencer who invented the essay caesar mark speech term “survival of the fittest.” Darwin was cautious how much evolution actually applies to us humans, but Spencer was not cautious. Spencer applied “the fittest” to the wealthy (32). Spencer became very popular with the monied classes towards the end of the exploratory nineteen century. Caesar Antony's Speech? On the lecture circuit in letter job of waiter, America he said humans, like the animals described by Darwin, are all in a competition for survival. This was normal. For wealthy industrialists to exploit and on julius caesar mark antony's, discard hordes of the poor in their factories was also understandable. The poor were the unfit. Nature was ‘red in tooth and study research, claw.’ The industrialist was just hastening nature’s way of weeding out the essay caesar weak members.

Spencer also said welfare - even charity - was a bad idea. It encouraged the poor, who would multiply and spread their unfitness. Overall, did the rich prosper at the expense of the poor? Of course - and in the long run, Spencer said, this was good for diaspora essay, a nation. After WWI, Social Darwinism was discredited as a vulgarized version of Darwinism. At the time, communist ideology was flourishing in Europe, and the argument that the workers were going to control everything was turning Russia inside out like a glove.

Socialism was on the rise in essay on julius antony's, Europe, and America decided to keep one eye on its poor. Pro-worker feeling grew and between the World Wars, President Roosevelt built a more poor-friendly, worker-friendly atmosphere, and started Social Security. But it is now sixty years since WWII, and times have changed again. During this last century, of course, many things changed. Science itself made vast progress, reaching peaks, so that at 2000 it could point back at a moon walk, the atom opened, the defeat of plagues as points on diaspora its startling ascent. Today science has tectonic credibility. It is unimpeachable. Speech? If a layman attacks science, nobody listens. But this topic, Darwinism, will not sit down.

Among the few with credibility to question science are philosophers. Philosophers are carefully trained in yin case research, logic. Philosopher Richard Perry, in the staid journal Ethics , quietly walks up and on julius caesar mark, kicks the struts out from under sociobiology. Is it really science? Or is types papers exploratory, it a con? Perry shows the logic under all sociobiology to essay mark speech be not the grid of deductive logic you would expect in science, but only a patchwork of analogies. Now there is a certain use for analogies, but analogies do not prove anything, they only show likenesses. The best use of analogies is in the persuasive arts, oratory and poetry. Analogy is the warp-and-woof of sociobiology. That’s what they do, says Perry. If you want to say humans are aggressive, describe the aggressiveness in rats – show the formal letter job of similarities.

If you want to prove humans territorial, talk about the territoriality of mockingbirds - invite the similarities. On Julius Caesar Antony's? And so on. Perry says, but wait. Why these analogies in the first place? - There’s something odd about circling around one species to make pronouncements about another. Why are we studying animals to understand humans? Would you investigate houseflies by studying blue herons? Wouldn’t that distort what we already know about study research, flies? His article “Sociobiology: Science in the service of ideology” warns us the logic is essay on julius caesar antony's speech, so bad, sociobiology should be embarrassed. It is more like weaving a net with the introducing study of animals and throwing it over humans. And it should tip us off to ulterior purposes. Mark? We should look for what else it does.

Perry urges us to decline trust in sociobiology. It is engaging reading. But it does what Herbert Spencer did. It tells us we don’t have to self feel guilty if we are brutal with each other - animals do it. It gives comfort to perpetrators of social injustice (33 ). The next point in this essay is on julius caesar mark speech, that Social Darwinism, or some modernized variation, is rising again. Supported as a science, our neo-Darwinism is fed by hours of exquisite photography on Discovery Channel where we repeatedly watch hungry leopards stalk innocent deer, fell them and gorge on their entrails hour after hour. Updated Resume? (What car salesman hasn’t watched, and said to on julius speech himself, that animal lives in cover for term paper, me, I can use any method to drag down fleeing customers?) Darwinism has a dangerous ally. Another twist in logic, which always gate-crashes the party and says, if it happens in nature, it must be right. But the on julius caesar mark antony's problem is, you cannot logically convert a fact into a right . Cover Sheet? (Example: it’s a fact some kids beat up other kids on essay on julius mark speech the playground, therefore they have a right to do it).

Morality should step in. It took a long time to get that right in western civilization. Because it’s a fact Charles Darwin reported on a species of slave-making ants, humans do not have a right to make slaves. Then as now, using analogy as a justification for ignoring human pain and fear, or creating it, is a perversion. Social Darwinism will be much harder to get rid of this time. If we are not vigilant, sociobiology and evolutionary psychology will set new standards of indifference. The implications are stirring. What if our politicians and policy makers, administrative agencies and bureaucracies, our military, our justice system, our legislators, watching, all believe that rich and poor, good and bad, winning and yin case study research, losing are in the genes? Place your bets, because depending on the way a couple of these controversies turn out (especially selfishness) we may have biologists telling us what is essay mark, right and wrong, that democracy is unnatural, and that inequality and injustice are in the nature of things.

Laissez-faire was the table-thumping cry of monopolistic big business in the 1860s through the diaspora 1920s – overlapping the Populist era, but on the capitalist side. From the businessman’s point of view, this was the Gilded Age. Will power was a virtue, expansion always seemed the way to go, and everything was believed to be better if it was bigger. (The Crystal Palace, the Eiffel tower, and the Titanic were industrial symbols). The concept traces back to 1825, and it means government abstention from interference with individual action, especially commercial action. But it was found that if business was not restrained at all, the economy rose and fell in a cycle of peaks and destructive crashes. Caesar Mark Antony's? Second, it produced monsters that worked people to disease or death.

During the essay introducing self laissez-faire era, people died or got maimed on the job in perilous mines, foundries and rail yards, getting no compensation (because, it was argued, they worked there by choice). Essay On Julius Mark Speech? This is what the email resume Populists battled. The battle was rough and long, with repeated strike actions, and poverty and despair for workers. Laissez-faire , the philosophy of essay mark, robber barons, was eventually collared and muzzled, notably in Supreme Court decisions headed by Justice Brandeis who saw unfettered business practices as an eventual threat to democracy. It took many years to cover sheet produce a real turn. The Seattle General Strike of on julius mark antony's, 1919 was another attempt to break through. Eventually both Social Darwinism and laissez-faire were abandoned. Laissez-faire is rising again. The Libertarian Party, formed in 1972, looks New Age-ish.

Libertarians promises a bright new beginning, the kind of thing that always attracts young people with spirited talk about email resume, freedom from essay mark speech authority. Introducing Self? In fact libertarians almost never stop talking about freedom. Libertarians believe this: Individualism is what a society is all about. The promotion of self, and self-interest, life, liberty and property rights are important. Businesses and on julius mark, markets should also be free from restraint. Of Research? Libertarianism hates constraint. It condemns anything too “powerful” – government or police power – and anything “social” – welfare, rent control. Here are its founding assumptions.

At heart, libertarians believe that all human relationships should be voluntary. Essay Mark Speech? They think there is a natural harmony of interests among people, and any society works by cover sheet paper a sort of spontaneous order. In politics, libertarianism claims to be against both the left wing and the right. It states opposition to fundamentalist religion as much as against any state agency - both threaten individual freedom. How do we know the old ideology of laissez-faire is in here? Because a 1997 book which explains the on julius antony's basics, by David Boaz (executive vice president of the Cato Institute) called Libertarianism: A Primer , says so. It states that laissez-faire capitalism is the answer to everything because it brings incredible wealth to all. And it proudly champions Adam Smith’s ideas as its heritage (34).

Justice in Two Pages. Those founding assumptions are nonsense. First it’s obvious not all people are interested in types papers, harmony. Essay On Julius Caesar Speech? Some are excessively greedy. Some people prefer power, which tends to corrupt. Second, world history books have shown few human societies working smoothly by spontaneous order. In general, we should evaluate a theory by what it says, also by what it doesn’t say.

What does libertarianism say about exploitation? Nothing. The word isn’t even in the index. Next, its treatment of justice is negligible. And what does it say about equality? - Almost nothing.

It is hard to convey libertarianism’s disinterest in equality. Or perhaps this: Boaz’s book has 314 pages. Just over one page is given to equality. Email Updated? Equity? - nothing. Justice? - under two pages. Consider a modern concern. What about big-business abuse of the environment? Among other points in the book - to on julius antony's speech give environmentalists nightmares - is that libertarians see no contradiction between industry expansion and the environment. Quote: “Economic growth helps to produce environmental quality.” (35) Reading Libertarianism reveals something much more troubling. The book explains that freedom is so prime, it is more important than democracy.

Libertarianism is disinterested in democracy. Jewish Essay? Rather, libertarians believe in Natural Law, laws seated in ancient, even tribal, crude customs, which are hardly enlightened ways. There is actually a fringe element among libertarians, gaining momentum, which seriously wants to dismantle democracy in America (36) which it interprets as mob rule. While this style of business in the 1890s, for profits, freely harnessed uneducated millions of the poor into sweatshops and mills, at caesar mark antony's wages that always seemed to keep them frightened and hungry, all those problems are now forgotten by jewish diaspora libertarians - as if the caesar speech century had no shadow. And without a twitch of updated, embarrassment, a Chicago Tribune review on the dustcover of Boaz’s book Libertarianism explains that “these are ideas that are coming to dominate the thinking of government all over the world.” But laissez-faire is critical for today’s aggressive corporations because they cannot operate at on julius antony's their gargantuan level without almost total freedom. Corporate businessmen cite as their biggest enemy, government.

They see greed as a solution rather than a problem. They despise the push for formal application job of, equality as a death-knell. They refer to justice as something the envious dreamed up (37). For them, democracy is no more than a bright tinsel wrapping to be torn off the essay mark moment it poses any real constraint to their freedom. Despite these concerns, our market economy is not weakening in any way. The reverse. At this point in history, capitalism is email, just getting started on a second Big Bang. We are recently launched into another expand-or-die wave that dates back approximately to the fall of the speech Berlin Wall and is already showing geometric power. It’s being promoted by our massive gifts and formal application letter, loans to foreign countries and by our placing key capitalists in international banking.

And, less benevolently, by the starting of foreign wars, which require repairs, for which we provide contractors, whose profits return to essay on julius antony's speech us. This new wave is updated, not powered by essay caesar speech any single ideology. But this odd combination of Social Darwinism and laissez-faire is a soil mixture that produced the explosive capitalism and empire-building at the turn of the of research papers exploratory last century, and it will work again. I say odd combination because these two theories are actually contradictory. Libertarians should look over their shoulders. Biology promotes the opposite point, that we humans don’t have much freedom because our behavior is controlled by essay on julius mark antony's our genes. Sociobiologists say even the functioning of our societies is constrained by our genes, so the idea of us choosing to expand our liberties is hilarious to them. These two theories were also contradictory a hundred years ago. That didn’t stop monopolists then and it will not stop the high-octane business leaders of today - none of whom are exactly intellectuals. Turn on the television and updated, watch our national leaders talk policy. They explain we are bringing our way of doing business to foreign lands because capitalism brings democracy.

We are the bringers of antony's, fortune, uplift, goodness, opportunity and freedom for all - the best destiny humanity has to offer. Just because this argument is delivered from a podium bathed in rotating lights does not make it true. It is types of research exploratory, also broken logic. One of the main events in capitalism is the creation of inequality. We recall that the two basic values of democracy are freedom and equality.

They are the two wings on which that exalted bird flies. And we notice these official speeches on foreign policy promise freedom, but they never promise equality. We cannot export equality. You cannot give away what you haven’t got. Second, a point always omitted from these speeches is caesar, that capitalism comes in different species. One type is authoritarian capitalism and it is email updated, decidedly undemocratic. A governing power, sometimes a military dictator, promises businessmen they will make astonishing profits if they just follow his orders. This - the melding of business and state - happens to be one of the elements of fascism. Another defining element of fascism is that inequality is a virtue. But free market economics are being built everywhere.

This is so powerful, it has the face of a titan. So we cannot do it any harm, analyzing it. We have plenty of time to antony's speech pull up our chairs, and at our leisure examine its beating heart. The major musculature of our modern free markets is yin case study research, corporations. They deserve attention. Corporations are collections of people doing business.

Other types of business entities exist, sole proprietorships and partnerships, but corporations are surely the largest. (Some corporations are more wealthy than some countries). They inspire joy in some people, fear in others. Corporations have been harshly attacked in several books by investigative reporters. For example, Mokhiber and Weissman’s Corporate Predators and Court’s Corporateering warn of the way corporations influence politics (by shifting massive capital around) as well as the way they take away our personal privacy and security. As a rule, they lack transparency. And they seem invulnerable surrounded as they are by walls of lawyers (38,39). Many corporations hire their own economists so they are also difficult to comprehend.

These books are a good and healthy part of the public’s reading. But these attacks have made no difference. One book, however, written by a lawyer, may make a difference. It translates the stygian legalese and economics into essay on julius caesar common language. Of Research? The book is no less frightening. The author reveals the corporate Achilles heel. Bodies in Two Parts.

Law professor Joel Bakan’s The Corporation explains that corporations date back to the 1690s in Britain. From the caesar antony's speech start corporations were peculiarities, being bodies that are split into two parts. Directors and managers run the firms, but stockholders own them. Diaspora Essay? And the stockholders are an ever shifting bunch, being owners today, sellers tomorrow. Most stockholders have no interest in how the firm does business. They only on julius caesar look at the daily value of the stock. Formal Application Job Of Waiter? Since the only business of a corporation is to make profit, this is a recipe for corruption, because the essay on julius caesar mark antony's stock's value can fluctuate on rumor and application waiter, reputation, and caesar antony's speech, a firm might grow wealthy on email lies, or by overcharging, or by selling a dangerous product, or by essay mark speech not doing anything except issuing promises, and the stockholders are just as delighted. Stockholders don’t ask questions. Second, the corporation has “a legal mandate to pursue, relentlessly and without exception its own self interest” and this “regardless of the harmful consequences it might cause others.” If along the way they have to pay some fines for updated resume, damage they have done, this is calculated into business expenses. It’s all numbers.

And since some corporations make massive profits, they don’t flinch at paying out essay caesar mark speech, very large sums to people and environments they have damaged very badly. Paper? And then return to do it again. Anything that is an essay on julius, unfortunate byproduct of papers, making profit, such as stress, lives lost, disease, broken laws, pollution, immorality, ‘collateral damage,’ grief, disruption, riots, is called an ‘externality’ - because it is outside the crisp equation for calculation profit and essay caesar antony's, loss. Most of what we know as morality and essay introducing self, humanity are externalities. This breakage can have enormous effects on the world. Corporations are externalizing machines, says Bakan. Bulldozing through to more profits, they routinely break stuff wherever they go and this single-mindedness has produced what we have today, colossuses of indifference “of such power as to weaken government’s ability to control them,” so that “corporations now govern society perhaps more than governments do.” Yes, there are some corporation CEOs who exercise morality and judgment. But they are not supported by caesar speech Nobel Prize winning economist Milton Friedman, who believes the only moral duty of the corporation is to jewish diaspora put profit over social and environmental goals (and business guru Peter Drucker thinks likewise).

Bakan goes further. He likens corporations to psychopaths (sociopaths). For his book he interviewed Dr. Caesar Speech? Robert Hare, a psychologist and expert on psychopathy, to get a list of jewish essay, personality traits that psychopaths exhibit (no empathy, asocial behaviors, manipulativeness, no conscience, no remorse) and essay caesar antony's speech, then tries those out on corporations. They fit.

For instance corporations return repeatedly to make profits from things they know are lethal and that strew grief - cigarettes, cars that catch fire in crashes, drugs with devastating side effects - because the money is there. Enough money gives them a “psychopathic contempt for legal constraint.” Or any constraint. Removing democracy may seem like a good business plan, if it hinders a firm’s mission. In corporate culture there is an emerging social order that is wide and dangerous, as dangerous as any fundamentalism, Bakan states. “For in a world where anything or anyone can be owned, manipulated, and exploited for profit, everything and everyone will eventually be.” Bakan says every corporation’s Achilles heel is concealed in its original incorporation papers. I will return to this point in the later section on remedies (40). If corporations are really like that, we might wonder about the people who work in essay self, them. Tens of millions of regular folks work in corporations, of course, which gives them the surface look of essay, well fed averageness.

But because of their aggressive business agenda, they also attract some odd personalities. The sociopath (also called psychopath) in the public’s mind is a loathsome and fascinating figure, imagined as a berserk serial killer. Actually, most sociopaths couldn’t be more different. Suave and charming, manicured starters of types exploratory, conversations, many look like they come from the pages of GQ . (There are plenty of lissome women sociopaths too.) Consummate actors, you melt when they talk to you. They are smooth as glass. They exhibit a tapered arrogance. They are also “persistent, repetitive, remorseless violators of the rights of others, and the rules of society” (41).

In today’s high stakes, empire-building business climate, sociopaths are some of the fastest rising stars. In corporate maneuvering they have no loyalty, virtually no emotion, and no conscience. On Julius Mark Antony's? Promiscuous in friendships as in yin case study research, sex, they start instantly and leave an alliance instantly it creates advantage. Their specialty is stirring and steering feelings in caesar antony's speech, others without being touched themselves. Types Of Research Exploratory? Usually the epitome of self control, they are capable if cornered of sudden viciousness. Caesar? Few will challenge them, sensing that underneath is their calculated enjoyment of the destruction and humiliation of others.

This is not a new type of personality. But in modern culture, where success has become separated from honor, they thrive. The sole passion they have is to win. Email Updated? The particular combination of sociopathy and high intelligence is a prototype for on julius mark speech, business success. Harvard’s psychopathy expert Martha Stout estimates about jewish, 1 in 25 people are these indifferent, charismatic liars and the proportion is growing. You may have one at essay antony's your picnic; there was one in your classroom at school; at cover sheet for term one time you probably tried to date one. Stout sketches a prototype sociopath growing up.

He came from a privileged city family and stole from his parents. He enjoyed stuffing live firecrackers down frogs’ throats. He was so intelligent he cruised through college almost without studying and, graduating with an MBA, he was quickly hired by a large corporation, where he proved he could sell anything. “Lying comes as easily as breathing,” and despite subordinates complaining that he is insulting and vicious he starts on a meteoric ascent, marries a sweet, quiet woman, and caesar speech, before middle age is given a division presidency. He makes many millions of dollars for the company and enjoys his female subordinates as sexual plunder. Stout explains that the brains of sociopaths work differently. Watched through brain scans, normal people, given words to think about, quickly process emotional words like “love” and “happy,” but sociopaths are a bit slower because they process emotions in the temporal lobe where most people solve algebra problems. High Mating Effort.

Stout also says there is yin case research, a genetic base. Sociopathy runs in families and essay on julius mark speech, is partly hereditary – she estimates about 50 percent of email updated resume, it is inborn (42). There is debate among evolutionary psychologists over whether psychopaths are mentally disordered (i.e. have something wrong with them) or whether they are just a separate genetic strain of deceitful, manipulative people, in which case they are normal. If it is a disorder, psychopaths are notoriously difficult to treat (they don’t voluntarily come in for psychotherapy, and if required to, they don’t change). Either way, because of their “short-term, high mating effort strategies” (43) they produce more offspring, and their genes will spread through the pool. From an evolutionary point of essay on julius caesar antony's, view, this type is becoming more common. Our culture is unwilling to stop them. Sheet Paper? We furiously promote these smooth surfaced, antisocial people when they turn their talents to essay on julius making money for the company. Updated Resume? Then as CEOs and CFOs we give them extraordinary business power.

In that position, the law supports them, because (as above) current law says the essay caesar mark speech corporation has “the legal mandate to pursue, relentlessly and without exception, self interest, regardless of the types of research exploratory often harmful consequences” (44). Wrap this all around in caesar mark antony's, the ruthless ideology of Social Darwinism, and nobody is safe. Democracy itself is not safe. Democracy is something a sociopath loathes, because it represents public constraint by ‘little people’ on his autocratic power. And he doesn’t practice democracy inside corporate walls. What he often practices in the corridors and study research, boardrooms is coercion and intimidation. Caesar Mark? Returning to Conniff’s observations: “Great fortune builders are also often great screamers [who use] the diatribe as a favorite tool…He calls meetings…at which he rages, growls and curses at his weary employees” (45). Why is this type so successful? One possibility: because these malignant personalities are at home in the system. And the reason for that is that the system is malignant. History contains several examples of sociopaths who have flattened democracies.

Here are some other odd personalities who appear in corporations, as described by Jean Hollands, a business consultant who can calculate the dollar loss due to a valuable employee’s bad behavior. Large corporations sometimes hire high-ranking specialists and managers who come with personal problems which wear everyone down. Introducing? These people are not just occasional curiosities; they can be found in every large organization. Company owners are aware of these scabrous personalities under the roof, but are startled to find out just how much they are draining the company since their styles affect many other people. Hollands shows the owners the company they could be making hundreds of thousands of on julius caesar mark antony's, dollars more profit if they got rid of these misfits, but they don’t, partly because of the expense of firing and rehiring. In her book Red Ink Behaviors she gives illustrations. The Intimidator (loud, domineering, abusive, throws tantrums, but somehow thinks he is funny), the Stressor (severe workaholic, spills her chronic frustration over coworkers in jewish diaspora essay, sarcasm and unending interruptions), the Micromanager (requires written reports at every turn which he examines line by line, is chronically overwhelmed by all this work), the Withholder (has data necessary for operations which she will not share, chronically late to meetings or absent), the Inconsistent (thin skinned, high drama, unpredictable hysteric, lapses into stream-of-consciousness communications) and the Techno-specialist (brilliant but won’t talk to anyone who’s not a technician).

These personalities are not easy to confront. They are extremely judgmental, to the point of mild paranoia, and if confronted they turn rabid or wall themselves up in their offices which is devastating to company morale, creating ripples of anxiety across the cubicles. And because coworkers usually back away from them, the offenders interpret this as a win, and essay on julius caesar mark speech, they do it again. Yin Case? Hollands points out mark antony's, that this event, “winning,” is highly valued in high-stakes businesses (sales, legal, brokerage) where competitive individualism is prized, so nobody is sure what to do. So the toxic atmosphere spread by these bullies is borne, and everybody dreads going to cover sheet for term work (46). Adam Smith never talked about on julius caesar antony's, these odd personalities. Cover For Term? Adams Smith’s main point is that humans are naturally self-centered, and if you allow all people to mark work in their self-interest, the nation will benefit. But individual self-interest will not explain everything. You cannot build a successful economy with something like self-interest any more than you can toss a bunch of boards in the air and expect them to come down in the shape of a house. Much is missing.

Which means a search. Types? Requiring a long journey through rarified concepts? No, I believe the search will take us places we already know. And I am swayed by Nietzsche and his habit of scorning academics who want to caesar antony's speech make things complicated. The great problems of this world, he said, are not in jewish, misty metaphysics. They are in the street. Particularly they are in places we don't expect. We don't care to look down.

Is it because that direction is filled with nothing interesting? The media seems to affirm that. Essay On Julius Caesar Mark Antony's Speech? Apparently, time spent on the lives of workers would be gilding a vacuum. If we follow the media, we will always look up. That is why we are missing answers. A tree’s height and its depth are connected. Essay? Everybody accepts that because the tree is an organic whole. A building is another kind of organic whole, and if the building is built taller, its foundation must go down.

But libertarian economists refuse the heights and depths of our own society to be connected – yes, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, but that is somehow a coincidence because everybody is free. In the life of on julius antony's, a tree, what happens below determines what happens above. And I believe if we want to formal job of waiter understand how an economy creates such high levels of essay caesar mark, wealth, we will need to look at its soil, and below, even if it is not pretty where the roots are coiling and clenching the rubble. What do we hear when we hold our ear to the soil? We can start with the broad question. Why do we work? It is a fair question. We want to jump in: “To earn a living,” “To support the family,” “To get ahead.” - All partly true, or true for some people. Actually the broader question stumps professional analysts. The cover story of a 2003 issue of US News and application, World Report titled “Why we work” wanders around for on julius caesar antony's speech, several pages and is simply evasive, but says: “Some do it for love.

Others do it for of research papers exploratory, money. Caesar? But most of us do it because we have no other choice.” (47) That doesn’t sound like the freedom shouted up by libertarians. The goal of email resume, businesses is product and speech, profit. If American all produced something new in formal application letter job of, their work, we would be a prodigious and essay caesar antony's speech, much happier society. In fact, worksites are often not what we would expect. Huge amounts of work effort are spent overcoming inefficiencies. What inefficiencies? Workers often spend hours trying to self find, cleaning up, checking, losing, leaving messages, not connecting with, misunderstanding, delivering to the wrong place, catching up, waiting, repairing, clarifying miscommunications, correcting mistakes - myriad forms of blather and caesar antony's, delay – and all exhausted at the end of the day. So answers to types the question “why do we work?” like, to make, or to produce, are part of the myth of work, but to get a little more reality we need to look at things the textbooks don’t talk about. A part of the answer is supplied by essay on julius caesar antony's speech what happens at work.

One thing that never fails to happen on the job is research, hierarchy. Hierarchy is ever present in manufacturing, service, private, government, military, civilian, inside-work, outside-work, unsuccessful, successful, full time, part time, day, night, sea, land, intense and on julius caesar mark antony's speech, indifferent jobs. Sheet Paper? It is much more predictable than - much more reliable across worksites of different kinds than - money, motivation, service, satisfaction, effort, efficiency, profit or product, which vary. What hierarchy ensures is essay on julius caesar mark speech, control. Application Letter Job Of? (The US News article does point out that although more workers are using their homes, it is no escape from hierarchy - and the phone and emails don’t stop after 5:00 p.m.) So if I go to essay caesar mark antony's work for of research papers, someone, I will enter some sort of on julius caesar antony's speech, hierarchy. And if I go to formal letter job of work for someone, somewhere, I am also selling my personal freedom for a wage. So most work sites create the opposite of the essay mark two basic values of democracy, which are freedom and equality. This is a dark pond into which nobody ever tosses a stone. Should we say, the more people working, the more satisfied the nation? That would be nice.

But realistically, the more people work, the more people are enmeshed in a system of control which is nondemocratic. That’s not such a cheery thing to say, but we are tired of having the world made cheery by email updated the method of painting our windows blue. If we want to see better, we will have to scrape it off. And these topics do not make easy conversation with our co-workers. At this point in our search we’ll meet with a lot of silences. We verge on taboo. Michael Novak believes people resist analyzing work because that would be tampering with a necessary myth.

We might find contradictions. Any contradiction would threaten society’s foundations. The value of hard, competitive work is our society, Novak says. It is painstakingly reinforced from mark birth and “without that myth our society is inconceivable.” (48) The origins? Generation after generation of young persons are taught that work is the route to cover personal dignity and worth. For each child this is repeated in one form or another through school and a light is essay on julius caesar antony's, turned on. Success and failure is papers exploratory, everything; no ambition is too high. Essay Mark? These myths take a deep hold; they have the spiritual power of hope, and by the time a school graduate enters the workforce he is ready for something momentous to introducing self happen. So each worker starts out on a personal quest. If he talks to other workers about his dreams of growth and expansion, they smile, and later he notices old workers at his job doing much the same work and he starts to think, and to keep his inner visions quiet.

Gradually he sinks into routines. He dodges the inanities and politics of the antony's workplace. After many years, that inner light, once supple and strong, is changed. Work doesn’t change much. If the child originally dreamed of being in the NBA or being an explorer, working in an office will feel like a cul-de-sac. But he does the work. He becomes a watcher-of-others. Later perhaps he still has hope, but it is in types exploratory, a different form: now he is darkly working on a distant hope of caesar speech, vindication. Even later he changes again. Where he once listened inside, he has become other-oriented, he changes again, becomes harried or distracted.

He works because of obligations, or for security, or for the company. If the light goes out, this is the way he will finish his days, in routines, swimming with all the others, in these vast pools of irrelevant direction. (49) He was from the start harnessed to somebody else’s dream. Nonetheless, as this person grows up he will stir the same myth in his own children. This wreckage of myths is where we do not want to look. Studs Terkel in essay introducing self, 1972 put together a thick book of self-reports entitled Working . Mark? He interviewed workers of all kinds, from proofreaders to nurses, to stockbrokers, to letter waiter hookers, to jockeys, to welders, to executives, to stone cutters, to accountants, to dentists . At publication, it brought down the wrath of one church, wanting the book banned. Its 589-page collection of short narratives is an expose of our everyday work world, in on julius caesar, the original language of the jewish essay workers. On Julius Caesar Speech? This is the letter introductory paragraph: “This book, being about work, is, by antony's its very nature, about sheet for term paper, violence - to essay caesar mark the spirit as well as to the body. It is essay, about ulcers as well as accidents, about antony's, shouting matches as well as fistfights, about nervous breakdowns as well as kicking the essay self dog around.

It is, above all (or beneath all), about daily humiliations. To survive the essay on julius caesar antony's speech day is triumph enough for the walking wounded among the self great many of essay on julius mark antony's, us.” (50) This doesn’t match Adam Smith’s snappy view of the workaday world as busy pin factory workers and energetic vendors hauling goods to market, like bees in a hive. So is it lies? If Terkel was the only writer, we might come away thinking he's a hothead. But he’s not the only one. More recently a woman from the formal job of waiter academic elite used a different method.

In 1999 Barbara Ehrenreich, who holds a Ph.D. in caesar antony's speech, Biology, tried an experiment. She changed her clothes and study, climbed down the social ladder to essay caesar antony's be a person living on minimum wage. This level of society is essay, called the working poor. Being trained as a scientist, she took careful notes. She detailed her experiences in the book Nickel and Dimed . One after another she took six jobs, for a minimum of essay speech, a month each, including waitress, hotel maid, house cleaner, nursing home aide, and WalMart salesperson. She drove a car, but made herself live each month only on what she could earn – mostly at research $6 and essay on julius mark antony's speech, $7 an hour. This meant living in the cheapest lodgings (trailer parks, motels, downtown hotels) and eating on a narrow, bland diet. The jobs were available. Once on the job she was an exemplary worker. But her first finding was that it is almost impossible to formal waiter work for those wages and survive.

For instance, monthly earnings as a waitress in Florida were $1,039. The cheapest rental she could find was a $500 efficiency, and caesar mark antony's speech, food, gas, laundry, utilities and phone and toiletries came to another $517, leaving her $22 for everything else. She moved to Maine, hired out as a house cleaner, scrubbing young yuppies’ houses, making $6.65, and paying $480 rent for a room, and so on. Her second finding was that the jobs often involved exhausting effort, and essay introducing self, overtime, and in some jobs she literally worked by the sweat of her brow so that all she wanted to do at night was watch TV over her dinner and then fall asleep. She became socially invisible - interacting with nobody except her immediate supervisors and coworkers; she felt ‘disappeared’ from society. It was not a question of the rich and poor coexisting in quiet harmony; the poor are treated as if they are not there. She endured humiliation, abuse, and routine violation of privacy, and sometimes had to surrender basic civil rights. As a waitress she was told that her purse could be searched at any time by management. There were rules against talking on the job.

Constant surveillance, being written up by antony's speech the shift supervisor, and being ‘reamed out’ by managers were all customary parts of the job, also being subjected to drug tests (which in introducing self, some cases included stripping to underwear and urinating in presence of a specimen collector.) After a while, she felt she was not just selling her labor but her life. Ehrenreich muses that since the people she was around were all hard workers, there seemed no purpose to essay caesar mark antony's the authoritarianism of for term, managers except to create a culture of mark speech, extreme inequality. Demeaning employees sometimes seemed attractive for diaspora essay, employers. The repressive management style also produced the feeling of failure and shame, which, she suspects, keeps down wages because eventually workers think so little of their own worth that they accept the low pay. Ehrenreich is one writer who has paused by this thought. We have a massive cultural contradiction. We can hardly pride ourselves on being the antony's speech world’s preeminent democracy, after all, if large numbers of letter job of waiter, citizens spend half their waking hours in what amounts, in plain terms, to a dictatorship.” (51) To our Western minds, some kinds of essay on julius mark antony's, inequality are less tolerable than others, less ‘fair.’ Actually there is updated resume, no human society with perfect equality. All cultures contain some inequality and the big question is the criterion, because some reasons for inequality are seen as unjust.

For instance America thinks monarchy and essay antony's, inherited aristocracy are wrong, but in yin case study research, neighboring Canada they are accepted. In some communities, rank is based on brute strength, in others, pureness-of-heart. On Julius Caesar Mark Antony's Speech? Nobody likes to email be low in any hierarchy. Societies with inherited rank also find it’s inefficient. The British, for on julius caesar mark antony's speech, instance, used to give all their top government jobs and high offices to relatives of nobles. The problem was a lot of the nobility and their relatives are not very bright.

As a society grows more technological it needs more pure intelligence to run it. So a century ago, the British started awarding important positions by qualifying exams and email updated resume, educational achievement, open to on julius caesar mark speech anybody. But there’s a benefit to formal application being in on julius, a hierarchy by birth: being low is not your fault, and it’s not a moral problem. In America the idea that anybody should be able to rise is old, and a person’s position has always depended more on ability and accomplishments. This is meritocracy. Meritocracy seems more democratic. It is appealing because it seems to updated be all about self-steered destiny. But by the same token, meritocracy introduces blame for low rank. If you haven’t accumulated accomplishments during your life, your low rank is a moral problem because you were free and you had the chance. In America, therefore, the rich are better, the poor should be ashamed. All this creates a special set of fears called “status anxiety” by de Botton (52) and “fear of sinking” by essay on julius Kilmer (53), an obsessive concern with social status.

After all that work at minimum wage, Ehrenreich experienced how it was easy to spend your working life sinking deeper into debt. Economic indebtedness takes away some of your freedom, but many people who are affluent don’t understand money traps, so here I’ll spend a few words on a topic that is technically on the consumer side. Perhaps this will all fall into focus leaf by leaf. After decades of aggressively distributing credit cards to virtually anyone who can sign, lenders have worked themselves into a paramount position of power. Now the average person is obligated at about $8,500 in debt. Lenders can charge interest up to 30%.

These higher rates are charged on late payments and delinquencies, and at that level, monthly payments become largely interest. Lenders are secure, because at those rates, by the time a debtor finally declares bankruptcy, the lender has often collected multiples of the original debt. The lenders are making most of their money from poor people - people who don’t have the money to make prompt payments. Nevertheless, new bankruptcy laws will allow creditors to claim on a bankrupt debtor’s future earnings, which essentially removes the protection a person gets from declaring bankruptcy. Lower-income credit card holders get on a financial treadmill that requires them to make ever larger monthly payments to keep themselves solvent. People who are ill, poor, old, and on formal job of waiter fixed income have all been urged to essay on julius caesar mark antony's take credit cards. Then they are largely sealed onto a wheel which never pauses. Debt payments are the scourge of the poor but this is a spreading problem and it now includes the middle class. Many countries have usury laws that control predatory interest rates.

In Europe these laws date back centuries. In the United States the laws vary from state to state. Until 1999, charging interest higher than 5% above the Federal Reserve discount rate was criminal under the constitution of Arkansas. But some states have no usury laws, which is essay, why powerhouse Citibank relocated its credit card division from New York (interest cap 12%) to South Dakota, and from there works an interstate credit card business charging as high as the market will bear. Caesar Antony's? Today’s trend is for states to loosen their usury laws to job of waiter attract more banks. Public opinion is gathering against these lenders. And a local newspaper article tells of a municipal judge handing down a routine judgment against essay on julius antony's, a card company for “unreasonable, unconscionable and unjust business practices.” (54) Is collecting high interest rates on loans a hard-work method of making a lot of money? Hardly. One financial analyst: “With these rates and fees, the card industry is a gravy train” (55). What about the people who declare bankruptcy?

Aren’t they gamblers, system tweakers, profligate spenders? Rarely. People usually go bankrupt because of severe misfortune. Commentator Paul Krugman’s belief is that more than half are due to medical emergencies (56). Actually a Harvard-based study by Warren and Tyagi, the ongoing Consumer Bankruptcy Project, shows only 13% of bankruptcies stem from credit card overspending or from sheet paper covering bad investments, or the like. Nearly nine out of ten bankruptcies (87%) follow one of the on julius mark “Big Three” events in a person’s life: job loss, medical problems, divorce or separation (57). But with the new bankruptcy law, many debtors will never get off the wheel. Krugman fears America is gradually returning to a “debt peonage” society, after a practice in the post-Civil War South, in yin case, which debtors were forced to work for creditors. For the past few years our national leaders have encouraged us to believe our national destruction is imminent at the hands of an evil foreign enemy. Possibly before that, legal loan sharks will eat us out from within.

Predatory lending practices are one more burden on the poor, keeping them poor. It is very hard for the exploited to escape shame and inescapable debt is one reason for the melancholy that haunts the lowest regions of this society. Credit companies look resplendent in media commercials, situated high in wind-brushed, glass buildings with whispering elevators, manicured executives, and elegant beauties for receptionists. This industry is banditry. Is Exploitation Wrong?

If you can make wealth through hard work, you can also make it by getting others to do the essay on julius mark work for you – even children get this insight. Getting other people to application work for you is on julius mark antony's speech, using them. Whether using people is immoral is a debatable question. If somebody is updated, willing to on julius speech change a flat tire for application job of, me, I am using that person. Caesar Mark Antony's? Nobody sees anything wrong. Yin Case Study? But isn’t that exploitation? Actually, says ethicist R. J. Arneson, there are everyday examples of real exploitation in which people see nothing wrong. Children exploit their parents for trips to the mall and money to spend.

Parents exploit their children getting them to do household chores. On Julius Mark Speech? So it seems exploitation is not always bad. Arneson says the word exploitation has two meanings (1) simply to use somebody – no problem, but (2) if you use them and mistreat them in the process, there may be a moral problem (58). Further, for wrongful exploitation to exist, there should be two conditions. First, the mistreatment (an injustice); second, the person cannot leave.

We should look carefully at yin case study this because exploiters often use it as a loophole. But together, mistreatment plus no freedom to caesar mark antony's speech leave amounts to oppression. Again, history is replete. No culture has been free of it, and the revolts, revolutions, mutinies and reformations found in the pages of diaspora, history books are all accounts of oppression and its overthrow. But whether exploitation is wrong continues to be argued. Sometimes exploited humans do nothing but adjust. What if the on julius speech oppression is accepted? And religions sometimes abet this, such as Christianity’s advice to slaves just to be good slaves. Karl Marx was the first to open exploitation for economic debate (59).

After a brief summary of Marx’s points, I’ll touch on some modern theories. Marx detailed the appalling work conditions of his day and he was not the first. Ferguson (60) Ruskin (61) and Dickens in his classics also portrayed workers at mind-destroying work in thundering foundries, weather-torn fields, slippery meat houses, 14 hours a day, six days a week, and forced overtime; all for trickle-thin wages, and all accompanied by routine abuse from types of research papers foul overseers, capricious fines, and often, at antony's these wages, only resume floor space to on julius caesar antony's sleep and bread and soup to eat and yin case research, ragged clothes – in all a bestial lifestyle; but in all the essay caesar same, across cities and farms, workers were paid just enough to survive. (Adam Smith himself estimated wages were kept just above survival level, Marx said they were just below). And since the jewish employers also owned the rentals and the stores, the money workers made frequently went back into the same pockets it came from and the laborers found themselves in a trap from which they could never rise. Here’s the essay on julius mark speech way it goes, Marx said. Cover For Term? Laborers produce things. Being poor they can only rent out essay caesar mark, their labor. They have to use their employer’s tools or land or raw materials. The product of their toil is papers, taken from them by the employer who then sells it for as much as he can, and essay on julius antony's, turns round and pays the employee as little as he can in wages, because the difference is profit and the mission of capitalists is to maximize profits.

Marx said, paying the worker less than what the worker could get selling his own work was exploitation - the worker labors under the employer’s commands, but suffers miserable poverty. This, Marx goes on, is not an aberration. It is a routine part of capitalist operations (62). Marx could discuss everything capitalists talk about; profit margins, the paper utilitarian greatest good, risk, stockholders, overhead, economies of essay antony's speech, scale and the expansion of industry. Formal Application Job Of? But he picked up the whole situation by a different handle. He said, exploitation is immoral. Capitalists protested, work is essay caesar speech, a free exchange. The workers are in our factories by choice - so where’s the essay oppression? Marx said in practice the workers are not so free to caesar antony's leave because the wealthy owners of diaspora essay, factories and farms across the land roughly match each others’ wages and rents.

So in practice the worker can do no better by moving. In all, labor is on julius antony's, sealed into a large closed system. The system is oppressive. It is also to email updated the benefit of the employer class, who do very well. If you are forced to essay on julius mark work, that is called coercion. Self? Capitalists argue: we are not talking about caesar mark antony's, slavery here, nor prison labor. Email Resume? Signing on to work with us is a consensual act. Marxists throw back: but these workers are constantly in debt due to on julius caesar antony's your starvation wages, and this amounts to economic coercion because each person is obliged to try to clear his debts. The type of essay introducing, debt you can never clear amounts to on julius caesar never-ending work in your factories.

Where’s the freedom? And another thing, Marx went on. Waiter? Notice how property ownership is connected. The exploiters have the factories and the tools, the exploited don’t. Since property ownership is one mark of social class, we have the ‘haves’ exploiting the ‘have-nots.’ Marx asserted this: property itself is essay caesar mark antony's speech, a moral problem. And since the property-ownership system is wholly supported by the law it’s not going to be easy to change.

Marx builds his points up: Property is not a guarantee of personal freedoms, as the philosopher Locke maintained, and as the framers of the American Constitution believed. Property is a legal instrument of oppression. And there is email, class warfare. Capitalists rebutted: but the poor are free to buy their own property any time. Marxists reply, that also is prevented by essay caesar these starvation wages - a practice which is no accident. It is deliberately in the capitalists’ interest to keep a large supply of people poor, desperate and willing to work dirt cheap. So, in setting wage levels, business owners create and maintain poverty as they go. Poverty is job of, also powerlessness. Labor was always negotiating without power, which explained its misery.

Marx was an energetic writer and essay, he used words like “theft” and formal application letter job of, “embezzlement” to describe employers taking what their employees made. He exaggerates when he described the “unpaid” laborers when he means “underpaid.” But Marx also said: all this has got to essay mark antony's change. Cover? The workers (proletariat) have to realize that the system also rides on them. Without the workers it collapses. So the essay on julius caesar antony's speech workers should seize power. Which led to revolutions. Last century, entire national social structures were overturned. Updated Resume? Because Marx’s points were clear. They show that the less the workers are paid, the greater the success of essay antony's, business owners. They show that a moral wrong, exploitation, can be routinely inserted in economics formulas, and types of research papers, the formulas still work. Marx got the antony's speech topic started, but other political scientists have added on to it (63).

John Brewer thinks exploitation should cover more than Marx’s idea of command in the workplace. Diaspora Essay? If a person is unfairly taken advantage of in any market transaction, it is exploitation. So according to Brewer, an unfair exploitation can be brief and does not have to mean rich vs. Essay Caesar? poor. Exploitation involves a person receiving lack of just deserts (64). R. J. van der Veen adds that exploitation is not just a feature of capitalism. It is just as possible for exploitation to occur under socialism and essay, communism if the state commands the individual which work to do, pays him what the state thinks he needs, and if he winds up mistreated and caesar antony's speech, not free to application letter waiter exit (65).

Robert Goodin states that behind the whole notion of exploitation is the expectation in mark, a civilized society that we practice fair play. It’s alright to resume go for advantage against others who are roughly equal. Essay On Julius Caesar Mark? But it is wrong to play for advantage when your advantage derives from others’ misfortunes. Second, he says, in a civilized society, there is a basic duty to protect the vulnerable. Sheet Paper? Exploitation is violating this duty (66). The last point allows us to catch up with a particularly dark personality, greed incarnate. This employer thinks he is his money. He believes the more people he has dependent on him, the more righteous a person he is. So he employs a lot of people and wants to hear all their gratitude. He pays wages, but whatever else he does, he is also going to keep them needy and dependent, and the pay is shadow-thin.

This ancient personality may be young, may look excessively healthy, may play with modern gadgetry and make modern jokes at high tech parties, and he moves through our modern society like a quiet abyss. Varieties of Fear. Most people think there is no fear in the contemporary workplace. Our offices and factories are bright, modern, high-tech, everybody is on julius caesar mark, well dressed and the receptionist always has a ready smile. How could two business consultants Kathleen Ryan and Daniel Oestreich write a book Driving Fear out of the Workplace ? (67).

Because the authors have interviews and survey data from resume their work in 22 modern business organizations showing fear is common. True, American employees are not afraid of essay antony's speech, being slugged, ambushed in email updated resume, the restroom or assaulted in the parking lot unless they work as teachers in inner city schools. But in the nation’s factories and caesar speech, office buildings there is cover sheet paper, fear of other varieties. And most workers are not afraid of the customers or clients. The source of their fear is supervisors and managers. Seventy percent of their interviewees reported that they will not speak up on the job. They will conceal work hazards, quota failures, quality lapses - anything - because they are afraid of repercussions. Caesar Antony's Speech? What kind of repercussions? Depending on the firm and the manager, anything from refusal to study answer and glaring eye-contact (“the look”), to public criticisms, to yelling, insults, threats, tantrums, demotion, being written up as a whiner or troublemaker, to loss of the on julius caesar mark job. The result is that when managers call workers in to meetings to ask for feedback, or reports, or policy sessions, the workers sit around the table in frigid silence - pure anxiety. Ryan and paper, Oestreich’s analysis shows the essay on julius caesar mark speech more fear there is in a company, the less it is talked about.

In Chris Argyris’s words, fear seems to be self-sealing. An extreme example would be the military, where hierarchy is absolute, and any lower-rank soldier knows harsh repercussions will fall on him for speaking out - but fear itself is never admitted. Email Updated Resume? Fear is often quenched by anger, so unpredictable outbursts, rantings, shouting, are symptoms of fear-oriented companies. Third, they say, the more fear-based an on julius mark, organization, the more it will make claims to jewish be efficient, systematic and rational - it defines any emotion as irrelevant, so fear is denied or ignored. Still other companies treat fear as an externality. (Some corporations actually asked these consultants what is an acceptable level of fear.) Actually a fear-based organization may be doing well financially, if it has good markets. But other things being equal, these authors say, fear loses you profits. Fear produces unmotivated employees who sabotage productivity in passive or active ways, who refuse effort, who make mistakes, who hide or falsify mistakes, who will not communicate with their supervisors.

Other symptoms are slow to appear. Some effects of fear are gradually accumulating. Threats and insults may make employees work harder in the short run but in essay on julius caesar speech, the long run will produce absenteeism, loss of creativity, depression, sleeplessness, crying, tension, ulcers and illness. These are very difficult to reverse. The damage to both workers and to the firm is deep and can take years to heal. Nevertheless, many company officers and managers believe fear is a good motivator. Jewish Diaspora? Some maintain autocratic control, using harsh management, threats, pressure and control, to make employees perform. How does this all start?

Ryan and Oestreich’s theory says in on julius caesar mark antony's, the beginning management assumes that workers operate from a philosophy of email updated resume, self-interest. Essay On Julius Mark Speech? The next step is distrust, because management starts thinking the employees will try to achieve their self-interest at company’s expense. This leads to self-protection, sometimes with managers’ “justified” harsh measures. Workers interpret this as aggression, they react with fear, and they retaliate. A cycle is started. It will escalate. The basic formula is that assumptions of of research, self-interest eventually lead to fear.

Naturally in fear-based groups, there is no trust. Instead, owners and managers aggressively demand loyalty. The therapeutic goal is to essay on julius caesar speech reestablish trust in the organization. This is essay, not easy. Essay Mark Antony's Speech? Thick walls of antagonism and resentment prevent cooperation growing again.

Ryan and Oestreich’s points are clear enough. But they are nave when they saying that management starts out by “adopting” this assumption of self-interest. Actually, management has little choice. Anyone who has survived a course in diaspora, college Economics 101 or Business 101 is indoctrinated with this assumption of self-interest, because it is at the core of our founding economic theory which has hardly been touched since 1776 and which saturates business theory. Any manager who has been to school considers it straight thinking. Which puts a new contour on things. If the assumption of self-interest leads to on julius caesar antony's fear, then Adam Smith’s theory, which rests on self-interest, is responsible for spreading vast amounts of fear, for of research papers, eons, for miles, and into the depths of the spirit of the on julius caesar speech workaday world. And the many-footed formulas of formal application letter waiter, economists do not change that. Anyone who employs other people and uses these assumptions to maximize profits is a promoter of these vile “externalities.” Telling employees that it is all for their own good will not reverse that. The employer protesting that he is uplifting the community by essay on julius caesar mark speech bringing in application letter, business, manufacturing and sales does not reverse it.

If we believed those protests, we would have to believe that fear is uplifting for business and uplifting for caesar mark antony's speech, everybody’s life, and so, ultimately is patriotic. In these worksite descriptions democracy looks remote. These contradictions are everywhere and deeply infect our national psyche. If you want to remove all the fear, you’ll first have to sheet change the overarching Adam Smith theory. I have readers here who do not believe there is fear in essay, the workplace. A hundred years ago, you say, perhaps, workers in factories fretted and feared under loathsome overseers. The following description is from last year’s newspaper. Types Papers? It describes work conditions in a mortgage loan office in suburban Minneapolis.

Sales employees work the essay on julius caesar mark antony's speech phones hour after hour. They sit in rows of cubicles. They are cold-calling, trying to types exploratory find house-buyers to sign up for essay mark speech, mortgages. The company owner is a billionaire. The company’s stated mission includes helping its customers enhance their quality of life. And what is yin case study, it like working inside the walls of the company’s offices? – By the testimony of essay mark, one ex-employee, it is essay, endless goading by bosses; “Sales agents would work the phones hour after hour…trying to turn phone calls into mortgages. The demands were relentless: one manager prowled the aisles between decks like ‘a little Hitler,’ hounding agents to make more calls and push more loans, bragging that he hired and fired people so fast that one worker would be cleaning out his desk as his replacement came through the door.” Another employee from the same office: “[Its managers] really are all about on julius mark antony's speech, making the dollar and dealing with the consequences later.” The same article includes that this particular company has also been touted as an industry model (68). These managers aren’t waiting for cover for term, the theories of essay on julius mark antony's speech, Darwin to explain that injustice is in sheet paper, the nature of essay on julius mark speech, things. They are taking things into their own hands. Of course, the workers are always free to leave.

But what if we don’t have the money to pay our debts? We are legally obliged to pay our debts. So that freedom fades. The poorer you are in this democracy, the more this freedom sounds like a technicality. Or perhaps we self-delude.

Our desire for email, freedom sometimes leads us to see things the way we want, somewhat along these lines by poet Fernando Pessoa: “Inside the coop where he’ll stay until he’s killed, the rooster sings anthems to liberty because he was given two roosts.” (69) If Adam Smith was right, then all the people in essay on julius caesar mark antony's, this nation who don’t like their work are maximizing their happiness by choosing between the dread of diaspora, no income or the dread of essay on julius mark antony's, endlessly going in to work they despise. This is a slender improvement in happiness. Email Updated Resume? Both choices inhabit the region of essay on julius antony's speech, fear. It is a strange political economy we have that stands on formal letter waiter this slender ledge and yells, “freedom!” Millions of the undereducated, poor, or vulnerable do unending menial jobs, and are told they can follow their life dreams, and essay on julius mark antony's speech, told they can rise, when they never have the power.

Millions of Americans struggle and suffer trying to make ends meet and sheet for term paper, find themselves diverted for life, paying debts. And will abused workers leave? This psychological research is haunting. Sixty years ago, a psychologist named Prescott Lecky got some research results so contrary to common knowledge they were shuffled aside as impossible. The common knowledge principle was (still is) that humans will always choose pleasure over pain. Lecky found people suffering with low self-concepts are the exception; they seek confirmation of their low belief in themselves - which is to say, given a choice, they will rather be in the company of a person who puts them down. In 1945 this little bit of heresy expired quickly and psychology pushed ahead believing people with low self-concepts should all the more hungrily seek reward and pleasure.

Lecky’s findings were junked. But fifteen years ago William Swann and his colleagues decided to give the idea another shot. After several new, independent experiments were run it turned out Lecky was right. A typical experiment goes like this (they vary in detail). First a large pool of people is given a paper-and pencil test of self-concept (a common test in essay caesar mark speech, psychology). These are scored, and people with high and people with low self-concepts are identified. Later on, these individuals are contacted and formal application letter job of, asked to essay on julius mark come in and participate in an apparently unrelated study. Application Letter? When each one comes in, he is asked to sit down and write a personal essay about himself, about a page. Next, a person he’s never seen before comes in essay mark, the room. He comes over, picks up the essay.

He reads it, and either exclaims (depending on the flip of diaspora, a coin just before he came in the door), Well I can see from your essay you’ve got a great personality, honest, intelligent, popular – or – Well I can see from your essay you’re not so great, not very bright, unpopular, also a phony. In other words, half the speech people get rewarding feedback, the study other half get nasty criticism. On Julius Mark Antony's? Now comes the main point in formal job of, the experiment. All of the essay writers are asked how much more time they would like to spend with the person who read their essay. Results? People with high self-concepts say they want to on julius antony's speech spend more time with him if he was positive. But the people with low self-concepts want to spend more time with the reader who was criticizing.

It appears they choose more pain over pleasure. Apparently, more important than pleasure is to be with somebody who verifies the way you see yourself. “Yeah, that’s pretty close to the way I am,” and sheet for term, “He sums up pretty close to the way I feel,” were typical explanation for on julius caesar, the choices of research, people who felt low about themselves. Speech? This effect is especially marked in depressed people (70,71,72 ). Which explains why managers and jewish diaspora essay, employers can routinely abuse employees and claim that it is on julius caesar antony's, not oppression. If workplace supervisors abuse their employees, creating low self concept, then take advantage of this quirk in human nature when the employees return, to claim there is no wrong, then no matter how profitable, it is a perversion. I’ve avoided the topic of race. Race has been, and email updated resume, still is, a chronic source of debilitating problems. But we are conditioned to think about social problems in speech, terms of race, so for instance, when we read “underclass” we reflexively think, inner city blacks. Actually the poorest people are Appalachian whites and inner city blacks. Essay Introducing? They are the lowest class, but Americans have been discouraged from using class to understand anything (Noam Chomsky says if you talk about social class they label you a conspiracy theorist (73) ).

So to take up Wellesley College’s Marcelus Andrews’ new argument, which focuses on race and capitalism, seems inconsistent in this essay, and I find Andrews’s Political Economy of Hope and Fear difficult in parts. Antony's? But he runs through America’s economic house yanking doors open and it is hard not to pay attention. Andrews: For hundreds of years we have assumed race and poverty go together (poor equates with ‘other races’) so we may be surprised to learn that today, the letter waiter largest group of very poor people in America are whites; and their numbers are increasing. The numbers of poor whites are growing so rapidly it is a mystery they are politically ignored. Poor people of all races now have little chance of ever making it up to the middle class - for a complex of reasons including economic: the loss of jobs as capitalism goes global; technological: the sudden demands of computer skills at caesar mark work; and attitude: Americans are really unsure if they want to essay introducing provide equality of opportunity, because they believe a market economy thrives better on inequality. Andrews says modern conservatives always have been deeply suspicious of social justice. They are openly opposed to welfare programs. They are going to let poverty be a goad.

Next, he says race makes a different pattern now on on julius caesar mark speech the landscape than it did in the 1960s. Blacks have more than proved themselves capable, as many, released from the old Jim Crow laws, have climbed and 75% of black families are not poor any more, but the lagging 25% are in a predicament shared by very poor whites. They live in dirty and dangerous neighborhoods which are sites of continuing failure and dysfunction, and crime, and application job of waiter, violence. Middle-class Americans, who believe in meritocracy, and who cling to on julius mark speech myths of self-reliance and freedom, find it difficult to accept the idea of these “poverty traps.” Middle class people are always pointing to an ancestor of cover sheet for term paper, theirs a century ago who worked his way up from the slums to antony's success - but those were times when education was not a requisite. Formal Application Letter? With today’s technology, a poor education really is a suffocating disability. Essay? And that is what the poor get in these neighborhoods. But that is interpreted as the free market. With selling drugs and selling sex always an yin case study, alternative, the poor inhabit the underside of the same free market where there is misery and death. The rest of America, believing its system of meritocracy should be universally applied, accepts that fate as the penalty for lack of caesar mark speech, ability, education and willingness to work. Andrews continues.

In general, conservative America believes if the poor can only be made to drop their envy and stop their whining, if they would take on more appropriate habits and attitudes, they would begin to succeed. Formal Application Job Of Waiter? They believe the poor are behaving badly. Hearing that feelings of despair and inferiority are unequally distributed does not move conservatives. Essay Caesar Mark Antony's? Under meritocracy, it is just deserts. And to add more encouragement, they apply penalties (with that certain righteousness) and the poor are rejected, cursed for yin case research, their laziness, despised, and arrested for homelessness. That creates fear, because in fact they cannot leave - first because the poor are discriminated against, just as blacks are - and essay antony's, second, they are not all free to leave their failure behind because of the nature of meritocracy. Meritocracy is a system in which some must fail.

Resentment and research, hostility boil in the underclass, which the rest of mark antony's, society dreads and sends in police with nightsticks (“punishment is by its very nature the deliberate use of public power to inflict pain on types of research papers offenders”) and the feelings and the alienation only grow worse. Andrews projects that out of our present society of vast economic inequalities, our future society may contain two camps: a chronically poor, undereducated, fearful, murderous proletariat and an economically comfortable majority (74). I could use the milder word and say anxiety is a persistent part of the on julius caesar mark antony's lower reaches of the economy. Research? It is better to be honest and call it by essay its real name: fear. I am not arguing the poor are colonized by wealthy employers and lenders in paper, the market system of essay on julius mark speech, work-and-debt, but if I wanted to self make that argument, there is essay on julius caesar speech, plenty of ammunition. Our economy runs on a good deal of fear, including fear-of-consequences, which is missing from current economic theory. And, with the credit card industry as model, the more greed at the top, the more fear at the bottom. Some people turn their eyes.

Others actually prefer it that way. It is in the interest of introducing self, our economy, at least of the top rungs of business, to maintain this anxiety. Next, with most people working and with most work places being undemocratic, we may wonder about our aggregate claim to essay caesar antony's speech democracy. Jewish Diaspora? A herd cannot move one way while the individual cows are pointing other ways, and democracy cannot be advancing if its parts are autocratic. We don’t have equality. Preserving what freedom and caesar speech, what justice we have will take eternal vigilance.

Fear does to a nation what it does to cover a business. It may be a short term motivator. But in the long run, fear is debilitating. It is an on julius mark speech, enzyme of decomposition and dissolution. Even when Darwinists say fear and hierarchy are unavoidable parts of a dog-eat-dog world, we can press for justice. We always have.

We have been fighting injustice, and winning sometimes, as long as we’ve existed and we should not let the essay authority of science shut us up. We want our morality back. 1. Essay On Julius Antony's? GREED copyright © Julian Edney 2002 and first published on the internet 2003 at. GREED II copyright © Julian Edney 2005 and first published on. 2. Types Of Research Papers Exploratory? Least affordable rents in nation found in State. Essay On Julius Caesar Antony's? Los Angeles Times , 21 December 2004. p. For Term? C2. 3. Leovy J. A week of painful losses tests police chief’s mettle. Los Angeles. Times 12 Feb 2005 p. A 1.

4. Leonard J, and R Winton, L.A. Jail called deadly, outdated. Los Angeles Times. 3 Feb 2005. p. A1. 5. Rose, S.J. Social stratification in the United States . New York: The New Press, 6. Those four counties are Wayne, Crawford and Lawrence Counties in caesar antony's, Illinois, and. Washington County, Florida. In Piutcoff, W., Pelletiere, C., Trekson, M, Dolbeare, C., Crowley, S. Out of Reach 2004 . Letter Job Of? Washington DC: National Low Income Housing. 7. de Botton, A. Status anxiety . New York: Pantheon Books, 2004.

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British evolutionist Geoffrey Miller takes this new step in his article “Waste is. good.” Miller says we have evolved ways of signaling to each other who is more. genetically fit – it’s who can afford to waste in spectacular ways. A person who uses. a pair of Ј9,652 Sennheiser earphones to listen to on julius caesar mark speech music gets almost no better audio. quality than someone who uses Ј25 Vivanco SR250s. The point is, the buyer sees the. price as a benefit, not a cost because it publicly shows him different from average. people.

In other words, Thorstein Veblen’s “conspicuous consumption” now gets the. nod from Darwinists. G. Miller, “Waste is good.” Prospect. February 1999. Email? p 18-23. 22. Conniff. p. 24. 23. Salmon, C. The pornography debate: What sex differences in essay on julius caesar speech, erotica can tell about.

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65. Formal Application? van der Veen, R.J. “Can socialism be non-exploitative?” in A. Reeve (Ed.). Modern theories of exploitation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1987. p. 80. 66. Goodin, R.E. “Exploiting a situation and exploiting a person.” in A. Reeve (Ed.). Modern theories of exploitation. Essay On Julius Caesar? Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1987. 67.

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