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Build Your Construction Resume with Keywords. Phd Thesis Past Tense. Did you know that making one change to penulisan, your could improve your chances of job search success? Adding keywords will help get your resume noticed and expose you to more job opportunities. Past. Keywords are terms that hiring managers enter when searching for the breakfast at the resumes on Monster. Past Tense. If your resume contains keywords that match those a potential employer is and the essays searching for, you have a much better chance of being found. Your keywords continue to phd thesis tense, be helpful when an how do success ged essay actual hiring manager reviews your resume, showing that person you have the desired qualifications for phd thesis past tense the job. Penulisan Pantas. Keywords can be categorized as follows: Job titles, especially the one you are pursuing. Job-specific skills and knowledge areas. Past Tense. Soft skills (such as team player or leadership skills)

Tools, equipment and education, technical applications. Industry credentials, such as certifications, licenses, training and degrees. Phd Thesis Past Tense. Affiliations and the breakfast club at the, union membership. Keywords can appear anywhere on your resume. Use the past tense Skills section on how do you define your Monster resume to include a comprehensive list of tense, skill-related keywords. Think like a hiring manager: If you were hiring someone with your background, what credentials would you look for? A helpful exercise is to logistics, search for phd thesis past tense your target job on logistics essays Monster and review the past postings that come up.

Look for term frequently requested skills, licenses and other useful keywords. The following are sample keywords for various construction specialties. Phd Thesis Tense. The lists are not exhaustive, as the keywords you should add to and the world essays, your resume depend on past your experience and you define success, skills. Phd Thesis Past Tense. Use the lists as a starting point for determining important keywords you can integrate into penulisan pantas, your own resume: Keywords Related to All Trades. Soft Skills: Professionalism, results-driven, self-starter, goal-oriented, team player, communication skills, interpersonal skills, multi-tasker, honest, organized, dependable, punctual, leader, customer service.

Construction-Specific: Valid driver#39;s license, own hand/power tools, safe and clean working environment, regulatory and safety compliance (OSHA, ADA, UBC, HAZMAT), equipment maintenance, available for past tense travel and punishment in schools, flexible shifts. Phd Thesis Past. Bricklayer: Certified bricklayer, mason, brickmason, blockmason, stonemason, tuckpointer, interior/exterior wall layout and the breakfast club at the, construction, mortar selection, mortar preparation, installation of past, insulation in pantas, masonry walls, radial brick laying, stone laying for industrial/residential chimneys, firebrick application to chimneys and smokestacks, acid-resistant brick application to kilns and tanks, precision stone cutting, precision brick cutting, precision block cutting, masonry materials handling/cutting, masonry structure reinforcement, brick alignment, foundation wall layout and construction, chimney and past tense, fireplace layout and construction, layout/construction of grouted reinforced masonry walls, pavement and club essay, patio layout and construction, refractory brick and mortar materials. Tense. Carpenter: Construction carpenter, bench carpenter, rough carpenter, carpenter#39;s helper, carpenter assistant, lead carpenter, journeyman carpenter, finish carpenter, framing carpenter, general construction, restoration and physical education term, remodeling, facility maintenance, residential construction, commercial construction, framing, interior/exterior finishing, blueprint reading, cabinetmaking, finish carpentry, commercial flooring, concrete flatwork, painting, construction quality assurance, reading construction plans, tile installation, floor installation, cabinet installation, construction repair, window-frame and door fitting/installation, building foundation preparation, beam/girder/footing form installation, roof construction, wall and ceiling covering application, trim/door/baseboard/molding installation, wall/ceiling/flooring erection and insulation, materials selection/cutting/shaping. Tense. Construction Manager: Construction supervisor, construction project manager, project superintendent, construction foreman, assistant construction supervisor, project management, commercial construction, industrial construction, residential construction, construction supervisor#39;s license, plan reading, Work Breakdown Structures (WBS), ground-up projects, subcontractor recruitment/supervision, enforcement of how do success ged essay, codes and safety regulations, structural engineering drawings, job site supervision safety, project estimating/bidding, workflow project scheduling, Critical Path Methods (CPMs), project funding, materials ordering, budgeting pro-formas, quality control, architectural design, blueprint reading, land acquisition, MS Project, AutoCAD. Construction Worker/Laborer: Construction laborer, construction helper, general laborer, heavy construction projects, construction machines and tools, construction site cleaning and tense, prep, demolition, backfill excavations, scaffolding building, asbestos removal, propane/oxygen/acetylene torches, heavy machinery operation, cement mixer, forklifts, backhoes, cranes, cable trucks, hydra-lift trucks, haul trucks, use of how do success, levels, repetitive heavy lifting. Electrician: Electric motor/switch assembler and tense, repairer, electronic equipment installer/repairer, electrical power-line installer/repairer, electrician#39;s helper, electrician assistant, commercial electrician, maintenance electrician, certified electrician, journeyman electrician, electric meter installer/repairer, electrical engineer, avionics technician, electrical technician, schematic diagram interpretation, blueprint reading and ged essay, interpretation, control circuit troubleshooting, 120V, 480/277V, VFDs, individual sensors, level probes, thermocouples, RTD, 3-phase AC motors, drive systems, electrical testing equipment, logic schematics, mechanical aptitude, welding equipment, air compressors, HVAC systems, vacuum pumps, programmable logic controller (PLC) systems, Allen Bradley PLC Systems, motor controls, pneumatics, hydraulics, mechanical systems, welding systems, project management (PM), SLC-5 series, rsnetworx, Control Logix, DH+, process control instrumentation, I/P, PID, voltage troubleshooting, standard wiring practices, National Electrical Codes (NEC), AC/DC control circuit troubleshooting. Ironworker: Steel worker, metal fabricator, presser, production worker, rebar worker, drawing and tense, schematic reading and interpretation, rigging assembly, heavy equipment moving, cable attachments, steel unit positioning and alignment, pre-fabricated structure assembly, reinforcing bar and tension cable laying and be used, connecting, steel cutting and positioning, concrete reinforcement, ornamental ironwork installation, robotic equipment, mag drills, Hogan drills, grinders, hydraulic tools. Mason: Stonemason, brickmason, blockmason, bricklayer, tile and marble setter, cement mason, concrete finisher, stucco mason, plaster mason, junior mason, mason apprentice, journeyman mason, cornering, lead construction, course construction, mortar selection and phd thesis past, preparation, brick and stone sizing/cutting, natural and term papers, manmade stone materials, granite/limestone/marble masonry, concrete masonry, brick masonry, wedges, plumblines, levelers, wall and floor construction, chimney and phd thesis past, fireplace construction, residential and education, commercial construction, stone laying, brick laying, precision cutting, brick and phd thesis tense, stone alignment, blueprint reading. Physical Term Papers. Painter: House painter, prep painter, industrial painter, commercial painter, residential painter, sheetrock taper, HVLP liquid painting, drywall patcher, interior and exterior surfaces, painting equipment/spray guns, paint mixing ratios, plaster installation, prepare/seal/prime surfaces, cost estimation. Plumber: Journeyman plumber, master plumber, drain technician, plumber gasfitter, industrial plumber, service plumber, residential service plumber, commercial services plumber, licensed tradesman plumber, licensed plumber, plumber#39;s helper, journey license, master plumber#39;s license, equipment maintenance, high-rise, tilt-up, estimating, new construction, plumbing system installation and testing, licensed backflow tester, underground plumbing and piping systems, steam systems, boiler installation, jetter experience, water treatment systems installation, industrial piping, gas piping, sprinkler systems, rough-in, gas lines, emergency service, pipes and pipe fittings, blueprint reading, pipe cutters, cutting torch, threading machine, bending machine, preventive maintenance.

Roofer: Roofer, roofer#39;s helper, roofing assistant, roofing assembler/repairer, sheet metal roofer, roof technician, roof installation, safety and past tense, code requirements, equipment/tool maintenance, blueprint reading, roof damage assessment, roof design and world essays, construction, roof repair, material requirements calculations, correcting structural/insulation/waterproofing deficiencies, roof decking preparation, laying insulation and waterproofing materials, flashing and drain installation, conducting drainage and waterproofing tests, coordinating with building inspectors, preventive maintenance, project management, quality assurance. Past Tense. Surveyor: Registered land surveyor, surveying technician, cartographer, survey researcher, mapping technician, land surveying, survey computations, subdivision mapping, deed descriptions, GPS/GIS systems and logistics, tools, client management, project management, civil engineering, environmental engineering, cost estimates, workplan preparation, permit preparation, excavation drill equipment, subcontractor selection/supervision, geologic and hydrogeologic interpretations, risk assessment, remediation feasibility testing, data analysis, report preparation, AutoCAD, land development desktop software, topographic data collection, CADD mapping, robotic total stations (e.g., Leica, Topcon, Nikon, Geodimeter). Welder: Structural welder, pipe welder, welder/fitter, welder apprentice, journeyman welder, AWS Certified Welding Inspector, ASME certified, Certified Mig Tig Welder, metallurgy testing, arc, tig, mig, resistance, solid state, electroslag, stick, flux core, cutting torches, welding torches, welding guns, steel treatment processes, carbon, sheet metal/tubing fabrication, AWS/ASME guidelines, blueprint reading, JLT sheets, EZ Pipe. By commenting, you agree to Monster's privacy policy, terms of past, use and use of cookies. U.S. Success Ged Essay. Patents No.

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Musics Open Essay Spm Essays and Research Papers. The hauntingly beautiful music of Haydn can be appreciated regardless of time or place. The Seasons, by the aforementioned composer, was . wonderful to phd thesis past hear performed so impeccably by the choral artists in tesis Moores Opera House. Although there were many performers that consisted of phd thesis, choral and orchestra, there are six that should be mentioned for club essay at the, their major roles; soprano, tenor and phd thesis past tense bass. The performers Kirsten Leslie, Nicholas DeMeo, and Brandon Grimes, played the roles of Hanne, Lukas and tesis pantas Simon, respectively. Human voice , Joseph Haydn , Music 1274 Words | 3 Pages. SPM Essay Directed Writing Year 2011/ 2012 Informal Letters Writing Letters the Right Way!

This week we will take a . look at letter writing. Generally, students are taught to write two types of letters – formal letters and informal letters. Informal letters are easier to write in past tense terms of format, language and tone. These letters are sometimes called social or friendly letters. Examples of success, informal letters include letters to family members and friends. When writing an informal letter. Eating , Essay , Formal system 323 Words | 3 Pages. Music has always been a voice for the ages. It is one universal language that we all speak.

Most people use it to express what they are . feeling, some people use it to relate to, everyone enjoys it in one way or another. That’s where my point comes in; there is no doubt that music has changed according to the changes in society. Tense! My generation’s music censorship has changed, the way music is conveyed and the lenience of the music has allowed for the stories being told through the music to change. Eminem , Freedom of speech , Funk 1699 Words | 4 Pages. Open Souce an Expository Essay Bahiyyudin Ansari Com/150 07/18/2010 Karen Walsh Open Souce an . Expository Essay Open source programming brings many benefits to the computer industry by lowering cost, allowing the user to gain better accessibility, and providing long-term use. Without open source users would not have many advantages of making changes to improve software. Organizations that use open source can excel within their own industries by using tools tailored to fit their business. Computer , Free software , Open source 1440 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Outline I. II.

People do not choose to be influenced by music , as music is scientifically influential . to the human brain. Olteteanu, Ion. The formative function of musical interactions within social identity. Geopolitics, History, and International Relations 3.1 (2011): 215+. Academic OneFile. You Define Ged Essay! Web. 17 Jan. 2013. We turn to music , we need it, because of its ability to past move us, to induce feelings and moods, states of mind. “Bures notes that the human brain is uniquely configured. Culture , Disco , Music 1299 Words | 5 Pages.

The Power of Music -Charles, Chloe Lee “Somewhere over the rainbow, way up high,” the physical education term, melody echoes in my room. The song has a . magical power that refreshes me. Phd Thesis Past! It is surprising that there is not definite proof of the power of music . The power of music has been studied for club at the, a long time, but since it is a rather abstract subject, this power is not easy to define. When human beings are born, they experience new sights, smells, and sounds. Like the sound of whirling wind, rain drops, footsteps. Africa , Band Aid , Duran Duran 1488 Words | 4 Pages. ?Artisha Thompson Music 1: Classical Music Live Professor Jill Felber May 27, 2015 Music 1: Classical . Music Live The classical music period extends from 1700s to 1800s, which includes the music of Haydn, Mozart, and Mendelssohn. The classical period of music combined various musical instruments to create symphonies to be performed by orchestras. With the natural development and progression of phd thesis past tense, music slowly changing with the 18th century society and culture, the classical music period was heavily. Chamber music , Classical music , Joseph Haydn 760 Words | 4 Pages. Rap is a popular type of music in today's society, but it didn't just come to be.

In the 1970's rap emerged from other types of . music to become what it is today. Rap is education papers, influenced and inspired by other types of phd thesis tense, music . Logistics Essays! Its influences are closely related to each other. Rap music has derived from phd thesis tense, various types of music . In a world in logistics which people are constantly confronted with violent acts such as rape, assault, murder, school shootings and other violence's, society is eager and anxious to find and. Disc jockey , Funk , Gangsta rap 2286 Words | 6 Pages. WHO GAVE BIRTH TO HOUSE MUSIC , WHAT HAS INFLUENCED ITS CHANGES AND WHAT HAS DERIVED FROM IT? . 11th December 2008 Word Count: 1675 INTRODUCTION As it was known for the culture to build music , nowadays different kinds of music build different cultures. Thus we have Pop culture, Rock culture, Electronic music culture etc. As part of Electronic dance music , House music has managed to, over the years, develop its. Acid house , Disco , Electronic dance music 1858 Words | 7 Pages. Music Industry Essay Introduction A i: I am going to be looking at the music publishing companies . Universal Music Group, Inc. (UMG), one of the biggest major labels in the music industry and past tense Beggars Group Limited, (BGL), a powerful UK independent label.

UMG own and administrate VEVO and in recent news Google Inc. is reportedly looking at investing a 10% stake worth ?42million. The deal has not yet been signed but it is said that it will include a renewal agreement that will see VEVO. EMI , Independent record label , ITunes Store 998 Words | 3 Pages. Outline and describe the development of Soul and Rap Music , including influential artists and songwriters, and the influence of this genre on . the development of Afro-American Music . You are to write an penulisan tesis pantas essay based on your research, with particular reference to the two designated works by Marvin Gaye and Tupac. Soul music is a mixture of past tense, gospel with rhythm and blues. Although soul developed much earlier than 1950, it first gained popularity within the club at the end, late 1950s and came to be called soul jazz. African American , Funk , Hip hop music 984 Words | 4 Pages. Music in my Life While walking today as I normally do, I turned around and your face came into my view.

I could only phd thesis imagine what was wrong . with her. But at the end I understood what was wrong with her, it was music . This is what music does to people and pantas I love it for phd thesis past, that. Penulisan Tesis! Music makes people feel good inside so much that it might even hurt. Throughout my life, music has always been a major influence. It has the power to tense change my mood when I'm feeling down.

Music is a cure for when I’m down and. 2002 albums , 2006 albums , Eminem 1006 Words | 3 Pages. Longing for essay end, Love: A Comparative Essay Jack Ettlinger ENG4U1 Ms. Palka July 18, 2010. Phd Thesis Past! Longing For Love A Comparative . Success! Essay By Jack Ettlinger In the song I Just Haven’t Met You Yet (IJHMYY) written and phd thesis tense composed by Michael Buble, themes such as love, optimism, and loneliness are all are evident. These themes are also found in the song Love Song For No One (LSFNO), written and composed by essays, John Mayer, but optimism is replaced by pessimism. Past! Both of these songs are about a man longing for. 2006 singles , 2008 albums , 2009 singles 1721 Words | 7 Pages. Classification Essay on should corpal be used in schools essay Music Fans. Music has been around for hundreds of years, and along with it have always come music lovers.

Throughout the phd thesis past tense, years the world has . seen music evolve from a form of religious celebration and and the having a ceremonial role, to becoming a form of entertainment and art to what it is today: a backbone of popular culture and phd thesis past even lifestyle. Since the education term, first piece of past tense, music was ever played, people have responded in a variety of different ways, and success generally speaking music fans can fall into phd thesis past, one of four categories. Entertainment , Hardcore punk , Music 834 Words | 3 Pages. Music is how do you define ged essay, a form of art among many different cultures and ranges of social context around the world. Music is not something you . need a lot of phd thesis, money for; or even very little money for. And The World Essays! They have free stations and phd thesis past tense apps with now day technology that allows you to enjoy music with no cost. It does not matter if you have no experience about rhythm, beat, or tone. Essay At The! Music is past tense, purely the world, entertainment of enjoying something that can bring us all together. There are many different genres of phd thesis, music and it can be. Chris Martin , Debut albums , English-language films 1155 Words | 3 Pages.

Sarthak Gulati Prof. Jerome Camal Music History 5 Discussion 1E Eric Leas 3/10/13 The Legacy of ‘N Sync When Chris Kirkpatrick was . rejected from the Backstreet Boys in 1996, he created a boy group sensation that would sell over fifty million albums and revolutionize the music industry. ‘N Sync, named after the five members, Justin Timberlake, Chris Kirkpatrick, Joey Fatone, Lance “Lansten” Bass, and JC Chasez, started producing dance-pop music and gained popularity in Europe. Their American. 'N Sync , Boy band , Britney Spears 1907 Words | 5 Pages. 1950s till today, Rock music had made a powerful impact on American society and had greatly influenced our daily life, attitudes, and language. . It had influenced generations of Americans and the writer and the essays other genres of tense, music often heard on the radio. Popular artists such as Bob Dylan and Marvin Gaye used rock music as a form of essays, expression. “They expressed their emotions and how Americans were feeling towards social events occurring in our nation and around the world” (Classic 1). Rock music has affected American. Blues , Country music , Elvis Presley 945 Words | 3 Pages. Western Music dates back from 1200 BC. We can divide each major element of Western Music into periods. Phd Thesis! Some of the major periods . of Western Music consist of Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern Music . Each period contributed key elements that have influenced the formation of music . These key periods helped form the you define success ged essay, musical geniuses;Bach, Beethoven,Mozart,Verdi, and Copland.

The Baroque period lasted from 1600-1750. The two best known Baroque composers are Johann Sebastian Bach and George. Baroque music , Classical music , Ludwig van Beethoven 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay on Music Programs. Music Programs in phd thesis Schools Lately it seems that everywhere schools have been cutting their music programs because of punishment be used, low . budgets. In my opinion, cutting the music programs in phd thesis tense schools is the essay, wrong thing to phd thesis past tense do. I believe that all students should have the education term papers, opportunity to learn a musical instrument or to practice their vocal skills. First of all, music programs are not just fun and educational, they are also very beneficial for success in phd thesis school. Secondly, music programs in schools are beneficial for. College , Education , High school 863 Words | 3 Pages. juan Professor Music 105 August 26, 2010 Assignment #1 Essay Music in club essay at the end my Life Music is the . art of the sound that reaches our souls and minds.

It is the power of tones and phd thesis tense messages that make us feel adrenaline in the writer and the world our emotions. Music is past, a whole universe in terms of styles, genres and appreciation. Every mind on this planet has also its own perspective of music such as emotions, feelings and thoughts. In my personal experience, I started in the world of music since I was twelve. I remember myself. Feeling , Genre , Meaning of life 892 Words | 2 Pages. Redefined, but Retired This music industry has changed, developed, risen, fallen and been altered over education term the decades. Some of these alterations . have been created by the media and have been beneficial for future musical artists; while others have brought down the integrity of past tense, music . With technological advancements, “artists” have found ways around needing actual talent to make music . For example, the integration of auto-tuning one persons music has become a regular of penulisan tesis, Common Era music . The media focuses on.

Art , Composer , Justin Bieber 1130 Words | 4 Pages. ? Music Technology in Modern Society Im here to talk about the phd thesis past, positive and negative effects technology has had on the modern society of . today. I will will first be explaining the physical education, the historical background of music technology and how it has accelerated over the years. Phd Thesis Past Tense! One of the most earliest recording inventions was made in 1857 and it was invented by Edoured-Leon Scott, it was called the essays, phonautograph. It was the first device that could capture sound waves in the air. Phd Thesis Past Tense! Its main use was. Columbia Records , Compact Disc , File sharing 1391 Words | 4 Pages. English 1-Section 10 Paper #1 Assignment Authentic Music Authenticity is broadly defined as what is genuine and physical term real. People look . for phd thesis past, authenticity in aspects of life that are important to them, such as relationships, designer clothing, art, etc. Music is a form of art where authenticity is valued greatly.

As video has killed the education term, radio star over the past few decades, authenticity in music has become less appreciated and unimportant to many listeners where listeners choose popularity over. Billy Joel , Concert , Music 1163 Words | 3 Pages. styles, and his influential band, Coltrane has inspired jazz performers since the 1960s to past attain instrumental mastery and complex improvisation proficiency. Club Essay At The End! . A true visionary, John “Trane” Coltrane’s life ambition was to create a new sound and a new music , and in doing so, he dedicated his life to jazz. His dedication was extremely powerful to listeners, and past his compositions were instilled into jazz history. John “Trane” Coltrane was initially introduced to mainstream jazz listeners as a sideman and. Bebop , Free jazz , Jazz 1287 Words | 4 Pages. youths by means of logistics essays, music , Internet, etc., violence has skyrocketed far beyond what it once was.

Since its beginning, music has . had a major impact on society. Whether the drums of African tribes signaling war or the sounds of the opera, music has always seemed to have a way of touching on issues in phd thesis past society. When it first emerged in 1970s New York, hip-hop was utilized as a form of expression for youth within the African American community. Pediatrics(2009) stated,” As with popular music the perception. Bunim/Murray Productions , Domestic violence , MTV 1043 Words | 3 Pages. Music 1091 Pink Floyd, Final Paper Pink Floyd is one of the most well-respected and influential rock and physical education papers roll bands of all time. Pink . Floyd brought something new to the table of Rock and Roll. They created a sense of past tense, psychedelic hallucinations through their music and the lights they used during their performances. The band did not immediately come up with the at the end, name “Pink Floyd.” The group first went by “Sigma 6” then “Architectural Abdabs” before finally settling on the name Pink Floyd. Arnold Layne , David Gilmour , Pink Floyd 948 Words | 3 Pages. protests, rallies and other events surrounding the cause that finally led to African American citizens gaining their hard earned civil rights.

Soundtrack for phd thesis tense, . Revolution takes a look at the American civil rights movement, focusing on the role that music , spirituals and protest songs sang had on the pickets, sit-ins, and demonstrations of that turbulent era. And The World! Soundtrack of Revolution examines such pivotal moments such as the Montgomery bus boycott, the March on Washington, and the assassination of Dr. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Civil disobedience 1245 Words | 4 Pages. artist, however the agents’ responsibilities are much narrower. Upon the phd thesis, appointment of an should essay agent personal live appearance becomes his or her responsibility. . Managers will a substantial amount of time with the artist, working with the act and the music , etc., whereas the agent will deal with live work enquiries. The power of an agent largely concerns the tense, roster of clients, all of which may have different managers. One person acting as both agent and manager will not have time to the writer and the world essays take advantage of. Artist , Contract , Contract law 2896 Words | 7 Pages.

The Open Boat Compare and Contrast Essay. ENG 101 Feb. 3, 2011 The Open Boat Compare and Contrast Essay Rough Draft This paper is about the story “The . Open Boat” written by phd thesis tense, Stephen Crane. In this paper, I will try to provide the similarities of the original story with the newspaper account. The differences in each article will also be discussed. Lastly, I will provide a conclusion based on the facts of punishment in schools essay, both articles. The Open Boat'' begins with a description of past tense, men aboard a small boat on a rough sea. A Story , Article , Buster Keaton filmography 1019 Words | 3 Pages.

SPM Biology – Answering Techniques in Paper 3 SPM Biology candidates typically commit the mistake of thinking that the length . of tesis pantas, their answered essay or structured questions equates to past tense marks deserve, under the physical education term papers, formula, Length of Structure Answer/ Essay = Marks. This is wrong and Berry Berry Easy wishes to clear the air regarding this issue. It is never about how long you write but more about how accurate you write. So for phd thesis past, Berry Readers who can write long answers but never seemed to score well. 2 , 37 , Enzyme 1244 Words | 5 Pages. morning, I would like to present to you a public speech about ' Music helps us to express every kind of emotion and punishment in schools essay can induce multiple . responses.' Music . Phd Thesis! We hear it almost every day. No matter where we are, music will always be played either on penulisan the radio or just by humming a tune. Did you know that music started as early as the tense, Paleolithic era? So music is about 200 000 years old. Music and society have always been intimately related.

Music reflects and creates social conditions – including the factors. Al-Farabi , Emotion , Music 1861 Words | 5 Pages. Music is an important and extremely useful tool in logistics essays the way we learn and to deny its power is a waste of a truly wonderful resource” (Kristian . David Olson). Though some would look at past, music as a small footnote in the progression of humanity, it is in fact a much greater force; for some, it defines their very existence. The fact is, music is a driving force in club essay end society; it has been present since the phd thesis tense, dawn of man. Logistics! The average person spends several hours a day listening to music , whether they see it as. Affect , Better , Effect 1197 Words | 4 Pages. due to slash and burn method of farming.

The Indonesian authorities appear to have no power to control farmers from practicing by most Malaysian. . Open -field burning of rice straw by past, the rice planters and open burning of and the world, dried leaves and past tense garbage done by the public are a few examples that done by Malaysian. Many are ignorant of the health effects of open burning. Logistics Essays! During the haze, hospitals and clinic often report a dramatic increases in respiratory problems, lung cancer and asthma attack. The Air. Air pollution , Bibliography , Citation 537 Words | 3 Pages. MUSIC Music can be defined in tense many ways, but to summarize all the the writer and the world, definitions, . Phd Thesis Past! music can be defined as the art or science of combining vocal or instrumental sounds or both to logistics produce beauty of past tense, form, harmony, and expression of emotion. It is end, said that a large percentage of old people who sing at the choir enjoy the harmony created and phd thesis feel at peace. The Breakfast Club Essay At The! It is not really known from where music originated, but most probably the earliest humans.

Drum , Gospel music , Guitar 2195 Words | 8 Pages. backgroud about past tense, Jazz music . Jazz orginated at the beginning of 20th century, and New Orleans was the birth place of Jazz. How Do Ged Essay! Jazz based on phd thesis tense the . style of Blues and the writer and the essays Ragtime. Phd Thesis! In 19th century, South of American use music to show their emotion, at corpal punishment in schools essay, the end of the 19th century, Jazz as a mixtura music with Blues and Ragtime and based on traditional American music . Phd Thesis Past Tense! African music had a deep influence on education Jazz music from the civil war, so Jazz music have many characteristics of African music . And it is the mixtura. Blues , Jazz , Music 1383 Words | 4 Pages. ?What Genre of Music is Most Popular in past Teens and Why? What makes music popular? Over 90% of responses have said that 3 . Should Corpal Punishment Be Used In Schools Essay! things make a good song.

Those three factors are lyrics, a melody line and past a catchy rhythm (Forum.emusictheory.com, 2014). My survey I created has reached a result to this question that most people said that the best type of music is the one with the most meaning. They said that the logistics, lyrics of the song make it good because they like that it has meaning and songs without meaning. Jazz , Music , Music genre 1740 Words | 5 Pages. (WHAT WE THINK + HOW WE FEEL) x music = WHAT WE DO. “ Music is to the soul what words are to phd thesis the mind.” (Modest Mouse, Good . news for people who love bad news.) Music . The presence of music is world, almost if not everywhere.

Music is easily available through the radio, various recordings, the Internet, and past tense new technologies, allowing everyone to hear it in diverse settings and situations, alone or shared with friends and penulisan family. There is phd thesis, no exact date of essays, when music was invented. Search the net all. Adolescence , Emotion , Pop music 931 Words | 3 Pages. There are many different types of music in the world today. Why do we need music ? Is the phd thesis past tense, traditional music of and the world essays, a . country more important than the international music that is heard everywhere nowadays? Thesis statement: Music is a part of past tense, our life, no matter it is pantas, traditional or international.

Music is an inevitable part of our life. We do not even know when and where people first started to listen for music . Tense! It is obvious that music is as old as the human being in the writer world essays this world. We were listening to. Blues , Electric folk , Folk music 1983 Words | 6 Pages. How Men Are Portrayed in Music Essay. How Men are Portrayed in past Music Essay The art of logistics essays, music is one of phd thesis past, mankind’s greatest contributions to society. . With the start of the twenty-first century music has become a very controversial subject. With swear words and harsh portrayals being the physical education, fad for many hipsters and rap artists human dignity has become a low priority. Phd Thesis Tense! Both men and women are made out to be objects, trash, and indecent. With girl bands and female pop musicians on penulisan pantas the raise stereotypes come into play. The main way that. 2009 MTV Video Music Awards , 3OH!3 , 52nd Grammy Awards 1630 Words | 4 Pages.

2013 MUS31-04 Middle Ages and the Baroque Period Music What is music ? According to the definition, music . is the art of arranging sounds in time so as to produce a continuous, unified, and evocative composition, as through melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. As we know, music had become a controversial topic throughout the world. Everyone knows music , everyone heard of music . Music represents our feeling, and used throughout the world. Music has been divided into many periods. Such as Middle. Baroque , Baroque music , Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina 680 Words | 3 Pages. compose and past perform at the same time.

Four ingredients that help music swing are steady beat, syncopation, lilting quality, and should be used in schools rising and . falling of the melodic line. Charles Mingus was a jazz bassist known for his composing and phd thesis improvising. Dizzy Gillespie was a modern jazz trumpeter who devised a highly syncopated style of improvising. Jazz musicians usually begin playing a tune they all know and then they make up their own music . Chapter 2 Jazz musicians follow common practices while performing. Bebop , Blues , Charles Mingus 1011 Words | 3 Pages. Music As is known to tesis pantas us all, music is such a broad topic to tense interpret that I can not introduce it to you in and the detail, so . today I just talk about music in my eyes.

Here comes the first question:Do you like music ? Many people like music.There are many different types of music all over phd thesis past tense the world: Classical music ,Folk music ,Soft music ,Light music ,Blues, Country music , Children' s songs,Jazz, Pop music ,Rock Roll and so on. So what is in schools essay, your favourite kind of music ? Soft music is graceful;rock. Country music , Music , Music for Airports 852 Words | 4 Pages. [pic] |Enjoyment of Music 2012 CSUF Study online at quizlet.com/_8cnf0 | | |1.|12 | |How many major scales are there . in Western music ? | |2.|active | |In Western music , dominant and subdominant chords are called _______ chords: | |3.|additive meter | |A grouping of past tense, beats that adds up to a larger overall pattern is punishment in schools essay, called: | |4.|binary . Beat , Melody , Meter 1034 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction Texture is one of the basic elements of music . Past! When you describe the texture of a piece of music , you are . describing how much is going on in the music at any given moment. Logistics! For example, the texture of the music might be thick or thin, or it may have many or few layers. It might be made up of rhythm only, or of a melody line with chordal accompaniment, or many interweaving melodies. Below you will find some of the formal terms musicians use to describe texture. Suggestions for phd thesis past, activities. Baroque music , Counterpoint , Harmony 646 Words | 3 Pages. Society with Music Kyle Klemz SOCS 185 DeVry 8/16/2012 Dr.

Dominguez What does music mean to you? Do you think it’s . changed from the different styles of music and the way that music sounds from when it started? Music can play a big part and role on society. There are many different types of music and should punishment essay music festivals in phd thesis today’s society. Music has changed a lot within the past few decades. Music festivals have pretty much stayed the same. Essay End! People can be judged on the type of music that they. Blues , Heavy metal music , Jazz 2717 Words | 7 Pages. One cannot help but feel excitement at the prospect of travelling to phd thesis past tense ourcapital city. It's greatness in the breakfast at the both economic and military might, coupled with its . Phd Thesis Tense! stunning beauty and breathtaking architecture will be the envy of other cities for many millennia to come.

My friends and tesis pantas I pack our belongings into our bags and prepare to past tense depart to our destination. Logistics! The pier was only phd thesis tense a short train ride away and soon we were on a cruiser streaming towards the Capitol. My friends and I chatted. Capital , Kuala Lumpur 1758 Words | 5 Pages. The Middle Ages and The Renaissance When it comes to music , you discover that there are different periods such as The Middle Ages (450-1450) . and The Renaissance (1450-1600). Tesis! The Middle Ages was a time of migrations, upheavals, and wars. Phd Thesis Past! The Middle Ages is the period of European history encompassing to the 5th to the 15th centuries, normally marked from the collapse of the Western Roman Empire until the beginning of The Renaissance and Age of how do you define success, Discovery. The Renaissance was a period of exploration.

Dark Ages , English Renaissance theatre , Europe 877 Words | 3 Pages. Humanities 100 5/6/13 Music is the phd thesis tense, Story of success, our lives Music can consistently be heard from classroom 208 at Stanley . Middle School in San Diego, California. Phd Thesis Past! Mr. Phillip Marcus is the music teacher there. When I went to Stanley the music program was just starting to bud. Mr. Logistics Essays! Marcus was only teaching part time at Stanley and phd thesis past part time at University City High School. You Define Ged Essay! I enrolled in band for sixth grade, not knowing what to expect or realizing that this teacher would change the way I think about. College , Education , High school 986 Words | 3 Pages.

Type of Concert: Pau Hana; Music and Dance from Asia and the Pacific General reaction: Overall, I was somewhat impressed with the majority of phd thesis tense, . the performances. The Writer And The Essays! There were many different instruments, costumes, and music expressing the different cultures. Past Tense! There were a few musical instruments that seemed out of the ordinary, and also wasn’t very pleasing to logistics essays the ears, but they did a great job. The UH students in tense the Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Hawaiian music courses performed at how do you define success ged essay, this concert. Phd Thesis Tense! Composition.

Dance , Flute , Music 972 Words | 3 Pages. This thing whether we realize it or not does help shape how we grow and who we end up being, or at the very least, it did in my case. This is the story of . the event that started my life in at the music and how music made me who I am today. In November of 2009 I had just had my very first recital in phd thesis The Music School of Ryan Cayabyab. It was a recital for instrumentalists, in my case it was the guitar. Typically students would just play their instrument, whereas my teacher requested that I sing while. College or university school of music , Human voice , Music 2819 Words | 6 Pages. al’bogara (Islamic recitation) Composer: Musee d’ethnographie Where: Mevlevi Sufi, Turkey How does the piece function in its . native culture? This is the call to prayer for should corpal in schools essay, the Muslim religion. This is not considered music . Phd Thesis Tense! It’s a form of melodic religious expression. - Musiqu: a category encompassing genres that may elicit negative associations of secular musical practice. - Quran: sacred text revealed to at the end the prophet Muhammad.

2. 1-6 ballad. Islam , Linguistics , Mexican American 409 Words | 3 Pages. of genre of past tense, music . Hank Williams Jr’s version has an old country music vibe to the song. Physical Education Papers! Mr. Williams establishes a beat and . volume of his voice to attract the past, audience’s attention. Essays! His soft tone of voice grabs the phd thesis past, ears of the audience to listen closer to the words being told within the lyrics. The beat through the penulisan pantas, song is a steady country rhythm; also the past tense, way the the writer world, song is played brings a calm and relaxed emotion. Kid Rock once becoming popular, thought he wanted more diversity of music . He ranges. Academy of phd thesis tense, Country Music , Country music , Hank Williams 2116 Words | 5 Pages. (Found this online. Pretty helpful) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices ( SPM ) Copyright © 2007 by NCS . Pearson, Inc.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the and the world essays, copyright owner. Pearson and TalentLens logos are trademarks, in the U.S. and/or other countries. All rights reserved , Candidate , Conversion of units 649 Words | 3 Pages. Music Therapy and its effects.1 A powerful force that is tense, commonly taken for penulisan pantas, granted, music can be consciously used to serve . many purposes. Past Tense! Such purposes include motivation or reward, a means of reducing boredom and even manage time, by setting a desired pace for the listener (Ortiz, 1999, p. The Breakfast Club Essay At The! Introduction xv). Considering the breadth of such a subject, it is essential to contain the contents of this essay into a focused discussion. Namely, music , its use in therapy and the effects it generates. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Chamber music , Classical music 1351 Words | 5 Pages. John A. Evans Instructor: Wilson English: 101-039 02/06/2013 Does music affect the emotional state of a person?

Have you ever walked . into past, a room where music was playing while in should punishment be used essay a bad mood or emotional state, only to find you are humming along or singing to the music that is playing? Music affects the way we feel, and it can alter the current state of past, our emotional well-being just by listening to you define ged essay it. Often in everyday life, people overlook the importance that sounds make in our lives. With. Emotion , Feeling , Psychology 827 Words | 3 Pages. ? MUH Essay 2 Sarah Ostrowski Wayne State University . Question 4: Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture was a very interesting song; there were many changes through out the piece. Phd Thesis Tense! It started out sounding like a battle symphony where Tchaikovsky used the instruments to make a choppy sound, which reminded me of a march, as well as gun sounds. He has a great use of crescendo at the beginning.

Along with increasing the sound. Don Giovanni , Music , Musical instrument 1603 Words | 7 Pages. My name is Eric Valencia and I began playing piano three and a half years ago. I never had any interest in playing piano, although I loved hearing it. . My grandmother passed away december of should corpal punishment be used in schools essay, 2008 and past tense I was deeply saddened by this event. My music history teacher in high school played a few pieces for us from the how do ged essay, classical period. I remember hearing the Marriage of phd thesis tense, figaro, Moonlight sonata, Don Giovanni, and a few others, but Moonlight sonata grabbed my attention the most. I began. Alexander Scriabin , Franz Liszt , Frederic Chopin 518 Words | 3 Pages. even in their jammies. Their music is really catchy and great.Cool me down I'm feeling so exotic Yaa right now.. I'm hotter than the . tropics Take me down (Mr.

Worldwide) Mumbai Cuba baby let's go (Priyanka) La-love me all the way o Rio (Desi girl) I'm feeling so exotic Tumko jo dekha maine Toh maine ye jaan liya hai Pardesi babu ne Iss desi dil ko maan liya hai (x2) I'm like Bon Jovi I'm wanted Dead or alive, and education term papers ya better get with it And in music game i'm more of a dead than alive . 2005 singles , Hindi-language films , Indian films 590 Words | 4 Pages. THE WINNING ESSAY IDEA is happy to announce Aisa Ovshiyeva from Russia the winner of the IDEA Declaration of Interdependence . essay contest. Honorable mention also goes to Syed Hashim Zaidi, the ?rst runner up from Pakistan and Feshko Yliana the past tense, second runner up from Ukraine who will receive IDEA publications. Aisa will receive a trip to the Interdependence Day Celebration in Rome, Italy on September 12, 2004. Logistics! Idebate Magazine would like to congratulate Aisa and we invite our readers to read. Africa , BBC World Service , Globalization 1182 Words | 4 Pages.

?An interview with Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj. Repoter: Asalamualaikum and a very good morning to Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj.Thanks you for past, . accepting our invitation to interview Tunku today. And The Essays! TAR: It is past, my pleasure. Reporter: Ok Tunku, where were you study? TAR: During high school I learned the English Government high school, then I moved to Densirinder School, Bangkok, Thailand, then I moved back to Kedah and studies in Penang Free School in physical education term 1915.

In 1919 , I pursued his studies at. Federation of Malaya , Malay Peninsula , Malaysia 787 Words | 3 Pages.

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modern biography ['Lewis Carroll': A Myth in the Making has been adapted with permission of phd thesis tense, author and publisher from the be used essay opening chapter of Karoline Leach's In the Shadow of the Dreamchild (London: Peter Owen Ltd, 1999). E-mail: [email protected] British Reviews of the phd thesis tense book.] ver the last thirty years, and with the release of long-withheld documentation, a belated but identifiable Carroll-scholarship has at last begun to how do success emerge. Amateurs and professionals have begun collecting and publishing important documentation. They have produced thorough and carefully annotated collections of Dodgson's letters, his most obscure political and past tense, mathematical pamphlets, the memoirs of those who knew him. His diaries are finally being prepared for unexpurgated publication.

In this regard things have changed vastly from the years of evidential famine. It is now possible to know far more about the penulisan tesis details of Lewis Carroll's life, his intimate thoughts, and his personal relationships than Langford Reed or Florence Becker Lennon, or all the other founding fathers, ever did. Past? His letters illuminate the penulisan tesis pantas curious, close and phd thesis past, intense relationships he enjoyed with women, and the scandals that dogged these friendships. His diary records this too, as well as his highly developed social skills, his curiously layered and slightly secretive existence, and as we have seen, it shows his life haunted for a few short years by an unexplained guilt, confided in periodic and agonised prayers. If Charlotte Brontë's or Conan Doyle's long-secreted journal had only recently come to light, it would have created biographical and literary sensation, with authors rushing into print with their analyses, updating their work and their theories to how do ged essay take account of this avalanche of new material. There would have been fiercely-contended opposing views about the significance of the missing material, the cause of his pain. But, celebrated as Brontë and Doyle are, they are neither of them legends. Brontë has not been submerged beneath a mythology surrounding Currer Bell.

Doyle is not an icon for anything. The release of Dodgson's unexpurgated diary reveals more clearly than anything else, how much Carroll exists as an aspiration, beyond historical analysis, and how much his biography has been created in subservience to phd thesis past tense that aspiration. For, rather than provoking debate and immediate re-analysis, the emergence of Dodgson's own, unedited private voice, his own unedited private view of himself, went almost completely unnoticed. The Writer? In a little ceremony, the nine remaining volumes were received from the family by a representative of the British Museum. They were individually wrapped in thick soft paper, bound with tape and stored carefully away. And there they stayed, more or less undisturbed and phd thesis, more or less unremarked, while for several years, biographers continued to write about Carroll as if the diaries did not exist. Nearly thirty years, and two major biographies would go by before any significant notice was taken of the material at all. Little girls . were the only sexual object he allowed himself, wrote the distinguished French scholar Jean Gattegno in 1974, five years after the logistics essays diary that would have given the lie to this became available. (96) None of the many influential and widely-quoted articles of his that I have read make any reference to this new and invaluable source document, and it seems entirely possible that in phd thesis past tense, his long-draw out bid to and the world essays establish Dodgson's paedophilic credentials, he never consulted it. In this, he was not alone.

In 1976 Derek Hudson re-issued his 1954 biography. It was seven years since the tense diaries had entered the public arena, and in most disciplines it would have been expected that Hudson would have used it to revise and update his material, particularly as one of corpal punishment be used, his reasons for re-issuing his work was to put in order and reassert the facts of Lewis Carroll's life. But, although he wrote a new five-page preface, he did not mention the MS diaries at all. Nor did he re-write his text in any way to take account of what they revealed of Dodgson's previously inaccessible life. It was as if it simply did not occur to past tense him that this might have any bearing on anything he had to say. He was content with his portrait of Carroll as the gentle pre-Freudian of Reed and Collingwood, the earnest mathematician who never grew to full maturity, and saw no need to look further. (xi, 308).

His, and Gattegno's, blatant disregard of the primary source document in favour of his own and other people's imagination, is less oversight and ineptitude than it is a frank statement that, for this author at least, the reality of Carroll existed beyond documentary proof. This is biography more as an article of physical term, faith than as historical analysis. It reminds us of the quasi-religiosity that has always underscored the Carroll mythology. Anne Clark, writing her biography three years later, ventured only a little further. Past Tense? She evidently consulted the MS diaries, but her review was not searching. She noted the absence of one of the how do success ten cut pages, and devoted a small space to considering it. But in most ways her book represented, as Hudson's had before, an past, attempt to recapture the Victorian image of physical term, Carroll as saint, in which the reality of Dodgson, in his diary or elsewhere, was largely an phd thesis past tense, irrelevance. Her book told the very recognisable and penulisan tesis, traditional story of an essentially naive and past, gifted man, who lived apart from the common run of life in 'a private world which he barricaded effectively against education the outside world in general'. (201) Like Collingwood and Reed, she conveyed a life untouched by normal human shadows and therefore all but featureless, uncontaminated even by the one unambiguous shred of phd thesis past, humanity he had ever been accorded - his nascent deviancy. Although she briefly acknowledged some part of his interest in women and mature female bodies, although she professed an absolute conviction that the essays child Alice Liddell had been the phd thesis past love of Dodgson's life, her conviction of his ultimate untouchability made it impossible for her to enter into any analysis of her own observations.

Her paradigm allowed of no possibility of penulisan tesis, Carroll as other than personified by his renunciation. She could not address the question of his potential sexuality without abandoning that paradigm, so she dealt with the complex issues she herself had raised - about the nature of his relationships with women, about what kind of a man might feel able to propose marriage to phd thesis past an 11 year old girl - by the breakfast club at the end, ignoring them. This well-intentioned, almost devotional portrait could accommodate little of the spikier realities of Dodgson the diarist, and therefore, Clark was forced by her own internal logic, to disregard almost everything of importance. In its absolute conviction, in phd thesis, its continuous presentation of quite baseless supposition as fact, Clark's work was at once intensely honest and highly manipulative, looking backward to the Victorian age that had canonised Carroll, and forward to the strangely driven biography of the future. The Writer World Essays? Even more than Hudson's, hers was the life to demonstrate the extent to which biography would continue to be entangled in the widespread need to past tense believe in 'Carroll', even in the face of the evidence for Dodgson. After her book was published, Dodgson's extensive and mutilated MS diaries fell back into almost complete neglect. The biography continued to be fascinated with the phenomenon of Carroll, and books continued to be published, but the document that would, in different circumstances, have been the principal reference for all biographers, drifted into a gentle hinterland of forgetfulness. For the the breakfast club end entirety of the phd thesis past tense next 15 years, I have been able to penulisan trace only past one published analysis of this source document, and this was all but defeated by its own estrangement from the barest facts.

In 1982, to mark the 150th anniversary of Dodgson's birth, Morton Cohen contributed a prestigious article to and the essays The Times entitled Who Censored Lewis Carroll? Illustrated with photographs of Dodgson and his niece Menella, it asked what happened to the missing volumes?, . whose hand wielded the razor that cut the phd thesis past pages? ( The Times , 23 Jan. 1982). Term? In forceful words, Cohen told his readers, he had found six pages to be missing from Dodgson's diary, and very carefully gave the phd thesis dates. He suggested Menella as the most likely culprit, and even ventured a suggestion of what might have been written on the excised portions. But all this deep analysis was essentially flawed by the breakfast essay end, the fact that four of the six pages described as missing by Cohen, were not missing at phd thesis tense, all, and even further marred by the fact that he had not detected eight of the ten genuine cuts. This error rate, in excess of 80%, is certainly high, and might raise questions about whether Cohen had felt the need to and the world do any basic research before writing such a high profile and influential piece. But I think the most significant factor must be that in the 16 years that have elapsed since, no one has commented on Cohen's error, or published any correction, or further analysis of the MS diaries, or indeed any other prima facie documentation. Today, the MS is still largely unassimilated. Even though it is being prepared for publication, it remains data in the raw.

Few writers on Carroll consult it. No major analysis of its mangled content has ever been attempted. The published volumes provide almost no analysis of the material they reproduce, and contain an uncomfortably high rate of editorial error. In 1996, when I began this book, there had still been nothing as basic as a comprehensive count of the missing pages. When I tried to find out exactly what had been cut and from where, I realised that no one - including the person preparing the document for past, publication - actually knew. In the end I had to go to the British Library and count for myself. How Do? The result, published for phd thesis, the first time, some 29 years after the MS was made public, can be seen above.

Meanwhile, biography has continued to tell the familiar story. Dodgson was fussy and easily offended, old-maidish . shy, withdrawn, over-sensitive. wrote Michael Bakewell, in his 1996 biography, as if to penulisan tesis make it beyond doubt that nothing had changed. Little girls became the air he breathed and without them he would feel himself withering away . Like Ruskin he seems to have been alarmed by the sexual reality of mature women. Puberty inevitably brought the majority of Dodgson's child-friendships to an end. Donald Thomas, another '96 biographer, was similarly convinced. . there was no question that he had become a recluse or that his happiest hours were spent in tense, the company of 'little misses' . rather than in and the world, adult conversation. Thomas, whose extensive and sympathetic understanding of the complexities of Victorian society, made him sensitive to the way in which Dodgson's mode of life brushed the fringes of respectability, took the step of past tense, acknowledging how many of Dodgson's child-friends were anything but children: The Hatch sisters and Gertrude Chataway were in their twenties. Of the others, almost all were in their teens . To the end of his life he asked, even importuned, existing child-friends, some of them well past the awkward age, to stay with him in Eastbourne.

but could not bring himself to draw the conclusions inevitable upon this fact. Instead he ended by physical, contradicting his own discovery, the thrust of phd thesis, his own narrative, to surrender Dodgson's reputation once again to logistics his little girls. Bakewell's biography hovered on the edge of awareness in just the same way. Acknowledging at one point that his subject was far from being the shy, retiring don of legend, he went on to forget this himself throughout the bulk of his own narrative, and to use almost identical words to confirm that Dodgson was, after all the shy stammering photographer don, who never grew up . [and] utterly depended upon phd thesis tense, the company and the affection of little girls. Repeatedly, his biography invited consideration of how curious it was that Carroll, who was known to the writer dislike women and society should have been discovered to have spent so much of his time with both, but only dismissed such episodes, whatever their frequency and duration, as uncharacteristic. It did not occur to him that there was anything of a logical paradox involved in a man being perceived to past tense spend the majority of his own life behaving uncharacteristically. (Bakewell, xv-xvii, 92, 149, 207 passim; Thomas, 251, 256, 288).

Perhaps the most extreme form of this reluctance, on the part of education term, Carroll-biographers, to phd thesis tense take possession of the results of their own scholarship is to be found in what is most certainly the best biography to education term have been produced to date. Morton Cohen's massive 500-page study was an entirely different prospect to any that had gone before. Cohen was familiar with the evidence (even if a little uncertain about the tense missing diary material), in a way that surpassed any previous biographer, and his book undoubtedly went further than anyone had yet attempted in a conscious effort to deal with the accretion of penulisan tesis, legend surrounding the phd thesis Carroll image. He brought good and much-needed analysis to penulisan pantas several areas. Past Tense? He reassessed in a significant and revealing way, the nature of Dodgson's relationship with his father. Logistics? He allowed the man to emerge from the past tense nursery sufficiently to take possession of some part of his maturity, his pain and his pleasure. He observed something of the complex human being, gifted and ged essay, sensitive and with a wide-ranging and far-reaching appreciation of the human condition, and the extent to which Dodgson himself manipulated his own image. He observed a man who was rarely disingenuously naive, who occasionally . Phd Thesis Past Tense? played the role of the withdrawn, private person but despite his own characterisation . was not by term, nature a recluse or a hermit. But it is as though Cohen himself remained unaware of how radically his research was dis-assembling the conventional structure, and unable therefore to phd thesis past re-assemble it into a coherent whole.

His book acknowledged the extent of Dodgson's adult life and adult interests, the autobiography of a love-poetry that finds its inspiration in a passion for physical, a woman's beauty and past tense, power; it identified the misleading quality inherent in Dodgson's term child-friends, and allowed the fact that so many of these girls were never children. But Cohen did not seem to know what to do with his own evidence. You Define Success Ged Essay? His summary of Dodgson as a man with differing sexual appetites, with emotions focus[ed] on children, not adults, who lived a life filled with rejection and loneliness and suppressed and past, diverted sexual energies, seems to assert itself in conflict with his own judgment. Essay At The End? In pursuit of securing this affirmation, Cohen was forced sometimes to draw conclusions that were in direct opposition to phd thesis tense his own exhaustive research. A single page towards the end of his book, illustrates the entire dichotomy of his work in microcosm. Here he commented extensively on the ambiguity surrounding Dodgson's married women-friends, and disclosed the tesis fact that at different times of his life, the man had confessed to his favourite age for child-friends as being about 17, or twenty or twenty-five. But, having thus illustrated the complex reality of Dodgson's interest in the opposite sex, he could, only a few lines on phd thesis past from these observations, describe the the writer and the essays same man's life, without any apparent sense of inconsistency, as being defined by his dependence on phd thesis tense the companionship of children, and the breakfast, the repeated rejections and inevitable coolings created as the girls grew up. (Cohen, xxi, 193, 460, 462) It is as if he sensed in some primal way that Carroll ought not to be stripped of those ultimate indicators of his separation from phd thesis tense reality; his strangeness and his chastity. Essay At The End? He surrendered his own considerable and impressive scholarship to the preservation of legend. This instinctive and apparently irresistible impulse, brought a kind of phd thesis, crazy symmetry to the beginning and the end of the century of Carrollianism. To reinforce the image of Dodgson that he apparently felt impelled to put across, Cohen devoted an entire and damning chapter to the child-friends, emotively entitled The Pursuit of Innocents, and illustrated with many quotes from correspondence with and about the supposed nymphets.

In his curious determination to portray Dodgson as a rigidly controlled sexual deviant, Cohen didn't mention that approximately half of the 'children' named in the indictment - eighteen out of forty examples - were over the age of fourteen at the time of the encounters described, and nearly a quarter of them were over twenty. Almost exactly a century earlier Collingwood did the same thing in the same way, only for different reasons. A hundred years on and nothing had changed but the implied meaning of it all. Collingwood gave the world Carroll as saint. Cohen has given us Carroll as a symbol for the breakfast essay, the amoral mysticism of the late twentieth century, with deviancy as the price and the stigmata of his distorted sanctity. When it becomes clear that so much of Dodgson's biography was fiction from the beginning, it is, eminently, unjustifiable to disregard evidence that tells a radically different story. Can it be right, for example, to phd thesis past dismiss the novelist Anne Thackeray's intense little memoir of the man she knew because it is so different from essay 'Lewis Carroll'? Her portrait of Dodgson, as George Hexham, the young photographer from Christ's College Cambridge, who flirts shamelessly with women and hates poetry with morals, is as vivid in its way and far more acutely observed than any story of Isa Bowman's.

It remains unknown because it is biographical heresy. Phd Thesis Past? But, Thackeray remembered him well, and pleaded with posterity not to physical education papers forget Dodgson in phd thesis, the midst of Carroll. Education? If biography is to tense have any value it has to try and meet that challenge. Penulisan Tesis? It has to ask the question if myth and tradition did not dictate the relative importance accorded to phd thesis the evidence, what would be made of this tangled, secretive, sometimes scandalous life? If, in the writer world essays, the following pages, I try to tense find some answers, I take no special credit for this. A large part of the you define success ged essay scholarship on which this book is phd thesis tense, based was done by in schools essay, others, who, for phd thesis past, whatever reason, have never taken their work the last and most vital step of the way.

The biography of Dodgson has been researched by should corpal in schools essay, the best of the biographers referred to phd thesis above. My contribution is hardly more than to recognise the significance of what they have done.

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An Exam Reader#039;s Advice on Writing. Lakeland High School. During my experience as a Reader, I have learned a few things about writing that I would like to share with other teachers. I hope you’ll find my observations helpful as you think about encouraging your students to do their best on the writing section of the AP English Literature Exam. Students should not begin writing until they fully comprehend the prompt and/or the phd thesis passage. Mere parroting of the the writer and the prompt often leads to floundering around instead of developing a clear direction. I recommend that you advise your students to write directly on the passage and make quick notes and outlines in past the margins.

This planning enables most writers to organize their ideas more efficiently. I have found that teaching students acronyms for reading and writing strategies (DIDLS, TP-CASTT, etc.) can work wonders. (These terms are discussed in the breakfast club at the end the AP Vertical Teams Guide for English , 2002.) While your very best students might not need them, less able students can find them useful ways to begin. I often suggest that my own students not only mark up the passage, but also use the past margins to the writer and the fill in tense some of the the breakfast club acronym steps. This active planning takes an extra five minutes or so, but I’ve found that it’s well worth the time. Students who fail to tense read closely frequently wind up paraphrasing rather than analyzing the passages. Planning helps them stay focused. Although AP Readers are instructed to logistics essays read the entire essay and not to be prejudiced by past a weak introduction, a strong opening paragraph can be a real asset to a student’s paper. When answering the free-response part of the AP English Exams, writers should answer the question quickly and avoid beginning with ideas that do not relate directly to the prompt. The following hypothetical introduction for Question 1 on essays, the 2002 AP English Literature Exam provides an example of what not to do: “All people at some point in time have encountered a great deal of trouble in phd thesis tense their lives. Papers. I know of so many people who have been embarrassed by parents that will wave at you from across a room.

I have a friend who told me that her parents did this very same thing.” Such generalities often signal a writer’s inability to past tense respond in a thoughtful manner, suggesting that the rest of the paper also may be incoherent or rambling. The Reader might begin to suspect that the the breakfast at the end student is past, just trying to end bluff his or her way through the question. One-sentence perfunctory introductions—especially ones that repeat the wording of the prompt—also work poorly, suggesting to the Reader that the student isn’t particularly interested or doesn’t care. I recommend that teachers tell students to create an introduction strong enough to earn a grade of 3 all by itself. That means that students should learn ways to answer the entire prompt—not simply repeat it—in the phd thesis past tense introduction. Penulisan Tesis Pantas. This indicates to the Reader that the paper could be heading into tense, the upper-half zone. One way to help students improve their beginning is by providing them with several introductory paragraphs from papers that have earned a wide range of the writer and the essays, scores and phd thesis past tense asking them to how do success ged essay identify stronger and weaker openings. (Sample papers are available on the Exam homepage for the course.) Rubrics especially designed for introductory paragraphs also can be helpful. After having students collect examples of several strong openings, you may want to ask them to develop their own rubric for introductory paragraphs.

Use paragraphs and topic sentences. Although it may seem like a small matter, students should indent paragraphs clearly. A paper without indentation or with unclear indentation often confuses a Reader. Paragraphs create the fundamental structure of the essay, and without them good ideas can get muddled. Most essays I’ve seen that do not use paragraphs tend to be full of confused and rambling thoughts. Phd Thesis. Many writers find topic sentences a useful tool both for organizing paragraphs and also for helping Readers navigate through the essay. To score at least a 3, students would be wise to make use of pertinent references from the text. Encourage them to use specific quotations to logistics back up their assertions. Past Tense. However, remind them that they must explain their quotes clearly and demonstrate how they are relevant to the question. It is important for young writers to realize that offering long quotes without explanation bogs down the essay and can give the undesirable impression that the education term student is phd thesis past, trying to education fill up space rather than answer the prompt! Short, choppy sentences without variety indicate a student who has little background in grammar and style, perhaps someone who has read and written minimally.

Teach students how to connect ideas with transitional wording, participial phrases, appositives, subordinate clauses, etc. I ask my students to imagine children making the same tower or castle each time they played with blocks. They soon would become bored. Likewise, both writers and readers get bored when everything is phd thesis past tense, formulaic, lacking some individual pizzazz! I suggest asking them to experiment with different sorts of syntactical devices to help them develop a sense of style. Success Ged Essay. An arsenal of appropriate vocabulary and analytical wording reveals a brilliant mind at work, but writers should make certain that the words fit. Some students stick in big words just to sound scholarly. Ironically, some of their papers score only a 2 because they lack clarity and past sometimes say nothing of should corpal punishment be used essay, relevance to the prompt. I advise my students to use the past tense active voice as much as possible as one remedy for repetition and other superfluous wording.

I also suggest encouraging them to develop a mental thesaurus, so they will have a large variety of be used in schools, words available as they compose.

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Phd Thesis Present Or Past Tense - …

essay on descartes PREVIEW OF FINAL EXAMINATION. INSTRUCTIONS: Write a 25-30 minute essay on any two topics from Group A (Descartes), and on any two topics from Group B (Hume) below. Put your name and the name of your Teaching Assistant on the examination booklet. Also, turn in with your booklet the 3 x 5 card (with your name printed on it) on which you have written, typed, or printed whatever you have thought might help you to phd thesis tense, write intelligent essays. Be sure to the writer world, write legibly and to give examples wherever possible. Also, be sure to incorporate into each of your essays all the matters mentioned in the paragraph that expands the essay topic. This material is meant to help you structure your essays; it is not -- nor is phd thesis, it intended to club essay, be -- exhaustive, and you should not limit your essays to matters raised in phd thesis past, it. GROUP A (DESCARTES):

D1. Descartes's 4-Part Method. In the epiphany he experienced in the stove-heated tent on November 10, 1619, Descartes somehow espied the 4-part method whereby he claimed to have later made remarkable discoveries. In what does this method consist? In what ways does it resemble proof or demonstration in logistics essays, euclidean geometry? Are its rules algorithmic (like the phd thesis rules of long division), i.e., is creativity unnecessary when applying them? For each rule of the breakfast club essay at the, his method, can one tell whether one has followed it correctly?

What are the starting points of the method? What made him decide to past tense, apply his method to should punishment be used in schools essay, mathematics before applying it to the other sciences or to philosophy? After having become skilled in its application to mathematics, why did Descartes decide to apply his method to philosophy rather than to one of the phd thesis sciences? D2. Descartes's Provisional Moral Code. Why does Descartes find it necessary to formulate and tesis pantas, adopt a provisional moral code?

In what does it consist? Is it a radical or conservative code? Is it provincial? In what ways does his provisional moral code differ sharply from the method that he has developed for arriving at certain truths? What is past, Stoic about his provisional moral code? How does he use the old Scholastic principle that the will naturally tends to desire only what the intellect represents to it as somehow possible to justify his second provisional moral maxim?

What occupation does Descartes adopt? Does he think it to be the best occupation? Why? D3. Descartes's Language and Action Tests. Explain carefully Descartes's so-called Language Test for discriminating between humans and robots. What, according to Descartes, makes this test work infallibly? What kind of certainty does it produce? Explain his so-called Action Test for discriminating between humans and robots. Tesis Pantas. Is it an infallible test? What kind of certainty does it generate?

Explain how these two tests can be used to distinguish humans from phd thesis, animals. How does Descartes meet some of the objections that might be raised against his Language Test? How does he appeal to should corpal be used, animal failure to justify his Action Test? D4. Descartes on Observation and Experimentation. Why does Descartes think that observations become more important the further one goes in knowledge? At the phd thesis past tense outset of inquiry into nature, should one rest content with natural (spontaneous) observations or should one seek more recondite observations via deliberate, contrived experiments? Why? What order does Descartes follow with respect to observations? What problems does he encounter at the third stage, i.e., after first having dealt with God and the first principles or causes of everything that exists, and secondly with the first and most ordinary effects deducible from logistics essays, these causes?

At the third stage, does Descartes's inquiry move from effects to causes, or vice versa? What holds him back from further progress? What profit had he anticipated from publication of the physical treatise he has now decided to suppress? D5. Phd Thesis. Descartes's Method of Doubt in how do success, the First Meditation. Why is Descartes so obsessed with doubt? Why does he submit his beliefs to scrutiny by class or type rather than one at phd thesis tense a time? What causes him to doubt his sense-based beliefs? To doubt beliefs such as that he has a head and logistics essays, hands?

To doubt his mathematical beliefs? What is the Evil Demon hypothesis? What function does it serve? Is there any way for past tense Descartes to frustrate the Evil Demon? Formulate Descartes's dream hypothesis. Why does he advance it? Which of his beliefs does it call into doubt? Which ones does it leave intact? Is he able to reject the dream hypothesis in the breakfast club essay end, this Meditation?

D6. Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in the Second Meditation. What is the Cogito, a proposition or an argument or a bit of both? How does Descartes derive it? What does he mean by thinking? How certain is Descartes that he is thinking? On what grounds? How certain is he that he exists? On what grounds? How certain or indubitable is the Cogito itself? What does the Cogito tell Descartes about tense, his own nature?

D7. Descartes's nature as a thinking thing in the Second Meditation. Why does Descartes reject the traditional answer rational animal to the question what his nature is, i.e., what kind of the breakfast essay, thing he is? What is his own answer to this question? Is having a body, or being able to perform activities like eating or walking, part of his nature? Why or why not? What does he mean by thinking? Does he distinguish seeing a horse from seeming to see the horse? Why or why not? Is it possible that a body can think? Is it possible that Descartes is phd thesis past, really a body?

Which is more easily and better known: a piece of wax or one's own mind? Why? D8. The Third Meditation Argument for club essay end the Existence of God. What at the beginning of this Meditation does Descartes know with certainty to exist? With respect to their formal reality, are some ideas superior to or more perfect than others?

With respect to phd thesis past, their objective reality? What causal principle does Descartes invoke to escape from solipsism? How does it apply to logistics, ideas? What kind of past, idea will enable him to should punishment be used, escape solipsism? To what idea does he apply his causal principle to establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to the existence of God go? Would this argument still go through if he had applied the past causal principle to his idea of should punishment be used in schools essay, himself or to past, his idea of an angel (a purely spiritual but finite substance)?

Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of God be materially false? Why does it matter? D9. Punishment Be Used. Error, intellect, and past tense, will in the Fourth Meditation. Would God be a malicious deceiver if He placed in me a cognitive faculty that makes mistakes or errors when I use it properly? Show how the answer to the preceding question gives rise to the two paradoxes of error. Formulate Descartes's account of error. Physical Term Papers. Explain whether God could have given Descartes an intellect of such sort that he would never make any errors?

In what sense is Descartes's will equal to past, God's? In what sense is it inferior to God's? Is God blameworthy for having given Descartes a will that outstrips his intellect? What can Descartes himself do to escape error? How does he know that this escape from error really works? If he nonetheless falls into error, does it reflect badly on God? D10.

Descartes's ontological argument in the Fifth Meditation. Where does Descartes get the how do you define idea for his ontological argument? What is it about past tense, his idea of a triangle that makes it possible for him to prove that the sum of its interior angles equals 180 degrees? How does the physical idea of a unicorn differ from the idea of past, a triangle? How cogent are mathematical demonstrations (proofs)?

Can Descartes doubt a mathematical theorem when he has its proof before his mind? Formulate his ontological proof of the existence of God. How cogent is it? Why then does Descartes hesitate to accept its conclusion as an penulisan pantas, indubitable and certain truth? Formulate the three objections he raises against his own ontological argument? How does he answer these objections? Does he now give his full assent to phd thesis tense, his ontological argument and its conclusion? D11. Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to an external world.

What causal principle and the writer and the essays, what conceptual premiss does Descartes invoke to phd thesis tense, prove that bodies can exist? Explain how he argues to the probable existence of bodies from the fact that he can imagine mathematical objects like triangles. On the penulisan tesis basis of what causal principle does Descartes think that his sense ideas (sensations and sense perceptions) must come from tense, one of four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God? How does Descartes rule out himself as the source of his sense ideas? Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the source of Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and God? What permits Descartes now to conclude that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the sources of his adventitious sense ideas?

D12. Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and God's veracity in the Sixth Meditation. Distinguish accidental from systematic or intrinsic error? Is the logistics essays fact that someone desires to eat a good-tasting but poisoned soup an example of accidental or systematic error? Does it convict God of malicious deception? Why or why not? Is the illness-induced thirst of someone who suffers from dropsy an accidental or a systematic error? If systematic, does it convict God of phd thesis past, malicious deception? Why or why not? H1. World. Simple Idea as Copies of Impressions.

What does Hume mean by a perception of the mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis? Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive? Jointly exhaustive? What is an impression? A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. What is inner sense?

Outer sense? How does the copy (the idea) resemble the past tense original (the impression or sentiment)? How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for world essays the thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions? Does he intend this thesis to be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge the thesis? What is the philosophical status of an alleged simple idea for which there is phd thesis tense, no corresponding impression?

What is tesis, Hume's Microscope and how does this thesis give rise to it? What is the past tense relevance of the case of the missing shade of blue? What is Hume's final disposition of this case? Formulate Hume's Fork. Give examples of relations of ideas and of matters of fact or real existence. What is the basis of Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori? Which are discoverable a posteriori?

Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take us beyond the immediate deliverances of sense and of memory? When do people think they have insight into the breakfast essay at the end, causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the observation that cause and effect are distinct events? What is the thought experiment about Adam supposed to show? To what is human reason limited in causal matters? H3. No Rational Justification of past tense, Causal Reasoning.

What is the tesis nature of all reasoning concerning matters of fact and real existence? What is the foundation of all our reasonings and conclusions concerning cause-and-effect? How do these two questions differ from Hume's new question: What is the foundation of all conclusions from experience? Formulate Hume's negative answer to this new question. Past. What can past experience tell us about which objects follow upon which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from past experience to the future and to unobserved cases? Is the link between past and future intuitive? Demonstrative? Do we appeal to a principle of the the breakfast club at the end uniformity of nature in making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in a noncircular fashion? Why don't these considerations show only that Hume isn't clever enough to find a justification for past tense the aforesaid extrapolation?

H4. Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of club at the end, ideas as copies of impressions, what is the obvious way or method to tense, eliminate the obscurity and ambiguity of ideas in the moral sciences? What does Hume take definition to be? Why does definition serve to clarify and disambiguate only complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous? To what is Hume referring when he speaks of penulisan pantas, a new microscope or species of optics, by which, in the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test case of phd thesis past, philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope? Why did he choose to investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for the impression of which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by enumerating its component simple ideas? H5.

Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the idea of necessary connection is a copy of an impression produced by single instances of physical objects or events that stand in a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from reflection on penulisan pantas, the operations of the mind? In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the body by the will? What makes Hume think that we come to know the influence of the will over the body only through experience? Does the idea of phd thesis past, necessary connection arise, then, from an impression produced or felt when the mind or will operates on logistics, ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions? What makes Hume think that we learn the phd thesis past tense influence of will over thoughts and other mental contents only from experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the how do you define success original sentiment of past tense, which the idea of necessary connection is a copy?

Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto should corpal be used in schools essay the world? By finding an impression corresponding to the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? H6. Phd Thesis Past Tense. Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the credentials of a theory about the human mind when one finds that it is needed to explain operations of animal minds?

What is Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to apply this touchstone to logistics, his theory of experimental reasoning (his theory of how we reason about matters of tense, fact and how do ged essay, real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience? Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on past experience?

To what evidence for tense these claims does Hume point? Can one account for these animal inferences or expectations as instances of reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of uniformity of nature principle? Do human children make causal inferences in this way? Why not? Is animal belief to be explained in punishment be used in schools essay, the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather than to habit or custom? H7. A Priori Knowledge of Matters of phd thesis, Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of matters of fact and real existence from sense perception and causal reasoning? If not, what is this knowledge like and where do they get it? What is INSTINCT?

Is causal reasoning itself an you define success ged essay, instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of phd thesis past tense, matters of logistics, fact and real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and real existence? If so, where and past, how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? H8.

The Nature of Belief. What does Hume take belief in a proposition to be? Does he offer a definition of belief? Why not? How does he describe the should corpal in schools essay feeling or sentiment of belief? Would someone who was incapable of past, feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of association of ideas is closely tied to education term, belief? In what way is it tied? Do resemblance and contiguity by phd thesis tense, themselves ever give rise to belief?

Why not? H9. Reliability of Human Testimony and Miracles. How common, useful, and necessary is reasoning based on human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of human veracity and and the, of the conformity of phd thesis past tense, events to reports about them?

On the relation of cause and effect? When does the evidence of human testimony have the penulisan status of probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the phd thesis tense force of testimony? What factors will diminish it?

Is the improbability of the reported event one of these diminishing factors? What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the reported event is tesis pantas, miraculous, is this circumstance direct and past, full proof against pantas, its occurrence? What if the testimony to the miracle is phd thesis tense, so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles? Why or why not? The third quiz will count for 30% of the quiz-and-recitation grade (the first quiz and recitation section participation will each count for should be used 20%, the second quiz for 30%).

It will consist of one long essay and two short essays on topics to be distributed in advance. ESSAY TOPICS FOR 3RD QUIZ. Long Essay Topics: L1. Simple Idea as Copies of Impressions. What does Hume mean by a perception of the tense mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis? Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive?

Jointly exhaustive? What is an impression? A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. What is inner sense? Outer sense?

How does the and the essays copy (the idea) resemble the original (the impression or sentiment)? How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for the thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions? Does he intend this thesis to phd thesis tense, be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge. the thesis? What is the philosophical status of an alleged simple idea for which there is no corresponding impression? What is Hume's Microscope and how does this thesis give rise to it? What is the relevance of the case of the missing shade of blue?

What is Hume's final disposition of the writer, this case? Formulate Hume's Fork. Give examples of relations of ideas and of matters of past, fact or real existence. Logistics. What is the basis of Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori? Which are discoverable a posteriori? Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take. us beyond the phd thesis immediate deliverances of sense and of memory?

When do people think they have insight into causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the observation that cause. and effect are distinct events? What is the thought experiment about Adam supposed to show? To what is human reason limited in how do, causal matters? L3. No Rational Justification of Causal Reasoning. What is the nature of all reasoning concerning matters of phd thesis tense, fact and pantas, real existence? What is the foundation of all our reasonings and conclusions concerning cause-and-effect?

How do these two questions differ from phd thesis past tense, Hume's new question: What is the the writer and the world foundation of all conclusions from tense, experience? Formulate Hume's negative answer to this new question. What can past. experience tell us about which objects follow upon how do you define success ged essay which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from past experience to the future and to unobserved cases? Is the link between past and future intuitive? Demonstrative? Do we appeal to phd thesis past, a principle of the uniformity of nature in making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in a noncircular fashion?

Why don't these. considerations show only that Hume isn't clever enough to corpal punishment be used, find a justification for the aforesaid extrapolation? L4. Tense. Single versus Multiple Cases. Can single cases of the conjunction of two objects or events ever give rise to the idea of cause-and-effect?

Explain. How does a multiplicity of the breakfast, cases give rise to this idea? What does this show about the role of reason or the understanding in generating the idea of cause-and-effect? Could the phd thesis understanding by the breakfast at the end, itself ever get beyond what is tense, immediately present to education, the. senses or to memory? If reason does not prompt us to draw conclusions from experience, i.e., to make inductive or causal inferences, what principle does prompt such inferences? What is phd thesis tense, custom? Is it a type of instinct? How does the punishment in schools invocation of tense, custom (habit) remove the ged essay difficulty about multiple-case versus single-case causal inferences?

Without custom, what would the range of human knowledge be? Can we, by reasoning about it, resist custom (habit) when it prompts us to infer one thing from another thing that is present to past tense, our senses or memory when we have found the two things constantly conjoined in our experience? Is it custom or will, then, that determines what we believe about matters of fact? Was Descartes wrong to think that we have it always within our power to suspend judgment on any proposition that we do not clearly and distinctly perceive to be true? L5. Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of ideas as copies of impressions, what is the the writer essays obvious way or method to phd thesis, eliminate the obscurity and ambiguity of ideas in the moral sciences?

What does Hume take definition to the writer world essays, be? Why does definition serve to clarify and phd thesis, disambiguate only complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous? To what is Hume referring when he speaks of a new microscope or species of optics, by which, in the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test. case of philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope?

Why did he choose to investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for the impression of which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by enumerating its component simple ideas? L6. Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the idea of necessary connection is a copy of an impression produced by single instances of physical objects or events that stand in the writer and the essays, a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from reflection on phd thesis, the operations of the mind? In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the body by education term papers, the will? What makes Hume think that we come to tense, know the influence of the pantas will over the body only through experience? Does the idea of necessary connection arise, then, from an phd thesis past tense, impression produced or felt when the the writer world mind or will operates on ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions?

What makes Hume think that we learn the influence of will over thoughts and other mental contents only from experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the original sentiment of which the idea of necessary connection is past, a copy? Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto the world? By finding an impression corresponding to the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? L7.

Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the credentials of a theory about the human mind when one finds that it is needed to explain operations of animal minds? What is Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to apply this touchstone to his theory of experimental reasoning (his theory of how we reason about matters of fact and real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience? Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on past experience? To what evidence for these claims does Hume point?

Can one account for club essay these animal inferences or expectations as instances of reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of uniformity of nature principle? Do human. children make causal inferences in tense, this way? Why not? Is animal belief to be explained in pantas, the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather. than to habit or custom?

L8. A Priori Knowledge of tense, Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of matters of punishment in schools essay, fact and real existence from phd thesis, sense perception and causal reasoning? If not, what is this knowledge like and where do they get it? What is INSTINCT? Is causal reasoning itself an instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and logistics, real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of phd thesis past, matters of punishment, fact and phd thesis, real existence?

If so, where and how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? Short Essay Topics: S1. Mental Geography. Why does Hume attach considerable importance to taxonomy in the study of mind when he fully realizes that taxonomy has little value in the natural sciences?

What does he mean by the moral sciences? Does he expect them to advance beyond the taxonomic stage? How does he envision progress in these sciences? Where does the the breakfast club essay at the systematization of taxonomically organized data come in? Is his own theory of the association of ideas an phd thesis tense, example of such progress? S2. How Do You Define Success. The Missing Shade of Blue. Formulate this thought experiment. What does Hume think it shows? Is it a counterexample to his thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions of sense? How might Hume have dismissed this thought experiment as unprobative?

Why didn't he do this? How does he resolve the problem raised by his own analysis of this thought experiment? S3. The Association of Ideas. What governs the flow of ideas in our minds?

Formulate Hume's three principles of association of ideas, and give examples. Does Hume believe these three principles are complete? In what sense? On what grounds? Why is the principle of Cause Effect so important? How does it differ from the other two principles? How is past tense, it related to belief? S4. Does Scepticism Paralyze? Why do religion and some types of the breakfast club at the, philosophy corrupt morals, detract from the past tense enjoyment of corpal punishment be used, life, and make one lazy and phd thesis past tense, presumptuous? Does Hume's brand of logistics, scepticism do these things?

Why or why not? Will people refuse or be reluctant to make causal inferences when they realize the past tense practice cannot be rationally justified? Why or why not? Would it have been better if such inferences were a matter of reasoning and argumentation? Why or why not? S5. The Nature of Belief. What does Hume take belief in a proposition to be? Does he offer a definition of belief? Why not? How does he describe the feeling or sentiment of belief?

Would someone who was incapable of feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of association of ideas is closely tied to belief? In what way is it tied? Do resemblance and contiguity by themselves ever give rise to belief? Why not? S6. Pre-established Harmony between the Courses of essay end, Nature and Ideas.

Why does Hume speak of a certain pre-established harmony between the course of Nature and the course of our ideas? In what does it consist? Is the principle that effects this harmony or correlation reason or custom (habit)? Explain. Why is past tense, it advantageous to the human organism that it be custom rather than reason that establishes this correspondence? S7. Essays. Definitions of Cause.

Hume advances two definitions of cause, namely, (a) an object, followed by another, and phd thesis past, where all the how do you define objects similar to the first are followed by tense, objects similar to the second, and (b) an object followed by another, and whose appearance always conveys the thought to the writer essays, that other. Are these two definitions equivalent? To which experience does each definition orrespond? Is the following restatement by Hume of definition (a) really equivalent to definition (a), namely: an object followed by another where, if the first object had not been, the second never had existed? If not, what are we to make of phd thesis past tense, this restatement of should corpal punishment be used in schools, definition (a)? S8. Reliability of phd thesis, Human Testimony. How common, useful, and necessary is reasoning based on human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of human veracity and of the conformity of events to world essays, reports about them?

On the relation of cause and phd thesis past tense, effect? When does the evidence of human testimony have the status of club essay end, probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the phd thesis past force of logistics essays, testimony? What factors will diminish it? Is the phd thesis improbability of the reported event one of these diminishing factors?

What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the reported event is you define success ged essay, miraculous, is this circumstance direct and phd thesis, full proof against its occurrence? What if the tesis pantas testimony to the miracle is so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles? Why or why not? Essay Topics for Quiz #2 (on Descartes?s Meditations) Long (25 minutes) essay topics (The student must select one topic): L1. Descartes's Method of Doubt in tense, the First Meditation. L2.

My whole nature is to be a thinking thing in the writer and the, the Second Meditation. L3. The Third Meditation Argument for past the Existence of God. escape solipsism? To what idea does he apply his causal principle to establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to the existence of God go?

Would this argument still go through if he had applied the causal principle to should corpal punishment be used in schools, his idea of himself or to his idea of an angel (a purely spiritual finite substance)? Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of God be materially false? Why does it matter? L4. Error, the intellect, and the will in the Fourth Meditation. escape from error really works? If he nonetheless falls into error, does it reflect badly on God? L5.

Descartes's ontological argument in the Fifth Meditation. L6. Phd Thesis. Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to an external world. these four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God? How does Descartes rule out himself as the source of punishment be used, his sense ideas. Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the source of phd thesis past tense, Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and God? What permits Descartes now to conclude that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the penulisan pantas sources of his adventitious sense ideas? Short (12 minutes each) essay topics (The student must select two of the topics below, subject to the following restriction: the short-essay topics and the long-essay topic must all pertain to phd thesis past tense, different Meditations. Should Corpal Punishment Be Used In Schools Essay. For example, you may choose only one of L1, S1, and S2; similarly, you may choose only one of L2, S3, and S4; and so on. S1. The dream argument in the First Meditation.

S2. The Evil Demon hypothesis in phd thesis past, the First Meditation. S3. Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in the writer, the Second Meditation. S4. The piece of wax example from the Second Meditation. S5. Metaphysical doubt in the Third Meditation. S6. Descartes's two ideas of the sun in the Third Meditation. S7.

First Paradox of Error in the Fourth Meditation. S8. Second Paradox of Error in the Fourth Meditation. S9. Fifth Meditation memory-of-clear-and-distinct-ideas principle. S10. Phd Thesis Past Tense. The real distinction between mind and body in ged essay, the Sixth Meditation. S11.

Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and past, God's veracity in the Sixth Meditation. DESCARTES'S SIXTH MEDITATION ARGUMENT TO AN. 1. By invoking the causal principle that God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in penulisan pantas, such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to tense, his conception of it, Descartes is able to conclude that the clarity and distinctness of how do, his geometrical ideas shows that material bodies (real extension) can exist. It remains, however, an phd thesis past tense, open question. whether they do exist. 2. Imagination and understanding are different activities. For example, Descartes can both imagine and conceive of an equilateral triangle, but he cannot imagine a chiliagon (thousand-sided polygon) although he can clearly and distinctly conceive it. Because Descartes can clearly and logistics, distinctly conceive of himself existing as a mind without the faculty of phd thesis past tense, imagination, nlyunderstanding belongs to him essentially. 3. Imagination appears to be the application of the mind to a body intimately present to it, and which therefore must exist.

From the fact that there is no other account of imagination as good as the one just given, Descartes concludes that it's probable that, when he imagines something, his mind is at the end, intimately present to an actually existing body. Hence, the fact that he imagines various mathematical figures leads Descartes to conclude that his body probably exists, i.e., that it is phd thesis, probable that his own body exists (as part of an external world). 4. Descartes rehashes his First Meditation reasons for papers doubting that there is anexternal world, adding only that phantom-limb phenomena show that even our internal senses can deceive us. 5. Tense. Because he is nothing but a mind (a thinking thing really distinct from club, his body), Descartes takes it for past granted that he cannot himself be the source of his adventitious sense ideas (e.g., his sense perceptions) because he would then be aware of his willing them. 6. Invoking the causal principle that there must be at the writer world essays least as much formal reality in the cause of an idea as there is objective reality in the idea itself, Descartes concludes that his sense ideas (sense perceptions and sensations) must come from bodies, from God, or from some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God.

7. Invoking our strong inclination to attribute many of our sensations and sense perceptions to the material bodies from past, which they appear to come, Descartes concludes that God would be a malicious deceiver if the source of be used in schools essay, these sensations and ideas were either God Himself or some intermediate creature more perfect than bodies, because we would then have no way to correct our strong propensity to attribute these sensations and perceptions to tense, material bodies existing in should be used in schools, an external world. 8. Phd Thesis Past. Since God is physical term papers, not a deceiver, Descartes concludes that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the tense actual sources of our sensations and sense perceptions, i.e., that his body exists (as part of an external world). THE REAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN MIND AND BODY IN THE. A. Descartes's First Argument for the Real Distinction of tesis pantas, Mind and Body. 1. What does Descartes mean when he says that x is really distinct from phd thesis tense, y? a. Physical Education Term. That God can bring it about that x exists separately from y. b. That x can exist apart and independently from phd thesis past tense, y.

2. What causal principle does Descartes employ to logistics essays, establish the real distinction of mind and body? Causal Principle: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to his conception of it. Example: Body (bodies or material things) can exist because Descartes has a clear and distinct idea of body (extension) in past, pure mathematics. 3. What conceptual premiss does Descartes argue from? Conceptual Premiss: That he has a clear and distinct conception of himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from himself as mind. That is, he can clearly and distinctly conceive of himself as a mind existing without a body, and of his body existing apart from himself as mind. (Descartes purports to have established these claims in the Second Meditation.) 4. How does the argument go? Conceptual Premiss: Descartes has a clear and the writer and the, distinct conception of himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from himself as mind. That is, he can clearly and distinctly conceive of himself as a mind existing without a body, and of his body existing apart from past tense, himself as mind. Causal Premiss: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to and the world, his conception of it. First Conclusion: God can bring it about that Descartes is himself a mind without a body, and also bring it about phd thesis past, that his body exists apart from him as a mind.

Definition: To say that x and y are really distinct means that God can bring it about that x and y exist separately, i.e., God can bring it about that x and y exist apart and independently. Final Conclusion: Descartes's mind and pantas, body are really distinct. B. Descartes's Second Argument for the Real Distinction of Mind and Body. First Conceptual Premiss: Descartes cannot in thought divide his mind into phd thesis tense, parts, i.e., he cannot conceive of his mind as divisible. Second Conceptual Premiss: Descartes can in thought easily divide any body whatsoever into parts, i.e., he can clearly and distinctly conceive of any body as divisible. Causal Premiss: What is divisible is really distinct from what is indivisible. Conclusion: Descartes's mind is the breakfast, really distinct from past tense, his body. GOOD-TASTING POISON, DROPSICAL THIRST, AND GOD'S VERACITY IN THE.

1. What does Descartes say that his nature, in the sense of the totality of physical education papers, things conferred on tense, him by God, teaches him? What does it appear to teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes says that his nature in the aforesaid sense teaches him that he has a body; that when he feels pain there is something wrong with his body; that when he is thirsty, his body needs a drink; that his mind is not present to his body as a sailor in the writer and the essays, his ship but rather that his mind is phd thesis tense, so intimately joined or fused with his body that they form a composite unit; that other bodies exist in penulisan tesis pantas, the vicinity of his body; and that some of these other bodies should be sought out or pursued, whereas others of phd thesis, them should be avoided. Descartes thinks that his nature in the aforesaid sense also appears to penulisan tesis pantas, teach him such things as that there is absolutely nothing in a empty space (in a vacuum); that the heat or color in a body exactly resembles his ideas of the. heat and color; and that physical objects have the size and past tense, shape which they present to education, his senses.

In fact, says Descartes, these are all cases of ill- considered or erroneous judgments, i.e., cases where he has assented to past, ideas that are not sufficiently clear and distinct. 2. What does Descartes think that his nature, in should corpal punishment be used, the sense of the composite of phd thesis tense, his mind and body, teaches him? What does it appear to the breakfast at the, teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes thinks that his nature, considered as the composite of his mind and body, teaches him to avoid things that induce pain and to pursue things that induce pleasure. That is to say, the natural purpose or function of his sensations and sense erceptions is to inform him about what is beneficial and what is injurious to the composite of mind and body. Phd Thesis Past. For example, his nature (as the should be used essay composite of mind and tense, body) teaches him that he should drink when he is you define success ged essay, thirsty (because his body then needs liquid), should eat when he is hungry (because his body then needs food), and tense, should pull back his hand when it touches something that makes him feel pain (because the thing touched is harming his hand). What nature as the composite of mind and body does not teach him, saysDescartes, is anything about the properties of objects external to and the world, him. Truth about external objects is determined by the mind alone, not by the composite of mind and body. 3. When someone desires to eat a sweet-smelling and sweet-tasting poison, doesn't his nature (as the composite of mind and body) make a grave error about what is past, beneficial to the composite?

If so, doesn't this convict the Creator of malicious deception? The person's nature (as the composite of mind and body) teaches him to pursue the good taste, not the poison. The fortunate fact that what tastes good is in club essay, this case also poisonous shows only that the person's nature is not omniscient; it does not show that his nature misled him, but only that it has made an accidental mistake. The mistake or error on phd thesis tense, the part of the person's nature is accidental albeit grave, like a mistake made by a mathematical computer program because a power surge interfered with its calculations. The mistake or error is not systematic or intrinsic, like the mistakes made by a mathematical program that has some bugs in it. God, therefore, is not guilty of malicious deception for having giving Descartes such a nature. 4. If God had given Descartes a nature (as a composite of mind and body) that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would be guilty of malicious deception. But when Descartes experiences thirst when suffering from dropsy, his nature (the composite of club essay end, his mind and body) is instructing him to drink because his body needs more liquid, which is simply false. This is a case of systematic or intrinsic error, not merely accidental error. God, therefore, is tense, a malicious deceiver. Descartes concedes that if God had given him a nature that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would indeed be a malicious deceiver -- but only if God could have done better.

It's true that from time to time his nature (as the the breakfast at the end composite of mind and body) does mislead him systematically or intrinsically, e.g., when thirst prompts him to phd thesis tense, drink when he is suffering. from dropsy, because what his nature then impels him to do is to logistics essays, consume liquid, which is in fact bad for his body in the circumstances. But, Descartes contends, the nature God has given him (as a composite of mind and body) is optimally designed, i.e., it is the best design possible for a creature composed of mind and body. But no one should be blamed for doing. what is best, so God is not blameworthy for having given Descartes a nature that occasionally makes intrinsic mistakes. God, therefore, is not a malicious deceiver. 5. Phd Thesis Past Tense. What is Descartes's argument for logistics essays his claim that his nature (as a composite of mind and body) is past tense, optimally designed?

The argument runs thus: The mind is you define ged essay, immediately affected by only one part of the body, namely, the brain (or perhaps one particular part of the brain, viz., the pineal gland). A state [of motion] of the brain (or of the pineal gland) sends exactly the same signals to past tense, the mind, irrespective of the states of other organs or other parts of the body. The body is essays, a mechanical system, so when a part A is moved by phd thesis past tense, a part D by means of intermediate parts C and B, part A would be moved exactly the same way if part D didn't move at all while parts C and B moved as before. Physical. For example, stubbing the big toe of past tense, your left foot on a rock causes motions in how do success, the toe and phd thesis past tense, foot that cause motions in the nerves that ultimately cause a motion in the brain that affects the mind in penulisan, such a way that you experience pain in your left foot, so the phd thesis past same motions in the nerves near your brain would cause the same brain state and thus occasion the same mental experience of pain in how do success, your left foot even if your left foot as resting comfortably on a footstool or even if your left foot had been amputated. Tense. Experience shows that the correlation of brain. states (pineal gland states) and should, mental states has the following property: Of all possible mental states, each brain state occasions that particular mental state that would most benefit the mind-body composite in past tense, most of life's circumstances. That is, for each brain state, the correlation of any other mind state with it would result in an arrangement less beneficial overall to the mind-body composite.

Thus, although the logistics correlation of the feeling of thirst with the tense brain state caused by dryness of the should be used in schools essay mouth will casionally result in a desire to drink in circumstances where drinking is harmful to phd thesis past, the body, e.g., as in a person with dropsy, in most cases where the brain is in punishment be used in schools essay, the aforesaid state, drinking will be beneficial to the body. Phd Thesis Tense. Thus, the corpal in schools correlations of mind states with brain states in phd thesis past, our nature (as composites of mind and body) is the best possible arrangement so far as the well being of. the mind-body composite goes. In other words, Descartes's nature is optimally designed. 6. Can Descartes say anything else on behalf of God's veracity? Yes, he can and does. Descartes points out we can correct the systematic or intrinsic errors made by essays, our nature (as the composite of mind and past tense, body) by club essay at the, employing several senses instead of just one, and by using our intellect and our memory. For example, if we suffer from dropsy, we can correct what our sensation of thirst tells us (that we need to drink) by recalling that medical science has shown that drinking is harmful to someone suffering from dropsy.

So, even though God designed our composite nature optimally, He didn't simply abandon us to its systematic or intrinsic mistakes, but in His infinite goodness God saw to it that we had the wherewithal to correct them.