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Essay on hiv prevention

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ANNOUNCING: Let#039;s Write a Short Story! I#8217;ve talked to so many writers who want to on hiv, know how they can start a career in creative writing. 1 Summary! They ask me: How do you get published? How do you stay disciplined enough to essay on hiv prevention, write a whole book? How do you build a platform for your fiction? Like most writers, I thought writing short stories was a stupid way to build a career in writing. Dissertation Chapter 1 Summary! I wanted to on hiv, write novels. The prestige and education the money are in novels, I thought. Why would I write short stories? But then something happened. After failing to finish another novel, I started writing a short story.

Soon, it was finished and sent off to a literary magazine. On Hiv! For the first time in years , I had finished a creative writing project. There#8217;s something magical that happens when you finish a story. Broken Jack Hodgins! You can get published. You can get feedback. You can experience every aspect of the writing process, not just the first draft stage. All of this leads to becoming a better writer faster. You also begin the essay on hiv, process of building a writing career and a platform for your fiction. I think that#8217;s why so many great novelist through history first published short stories.

Mark Twain, Leo Tolstoy, Ernest Hemingway, and introduction even Stephen King didn#8217;t start out writing novels. They built their craft and their careers with short stories. For the last couple of months, I#8217;ve been working on prevention a resource for writers who are interested in the idea of writing short stories as the groundwork of ground, a career in creative writing. On Hiv! The eBook is called Let#8217;s Write a Short Story! And it just came out today.

Let’s Write a Short Story! is an eBook about the process of writing and publishing short stories. The book will guide you through the process of researching publications, writing your story, editing, and submitting your work to education character, literary magazines. It’s also a primer in how to make a career in essay, fiction writing. If you’ve ever wanted to be a writer, this book will help get you started. It#8217;s more than just a book, though. It#8217;s a challenge. Let’s Write a Short Story! won’t just give you the information you need. It will help you take the next step in essay, becoming a published writer.

Hundreds of people have already read Let#8217;s Write a Short Story! and are talking about on hiv prevention how it helped them get back on track with writing. Some have told me they barely managed to finish the book because they kept wanting to go write a short story. Here#8217;s what they#8217;re saying: #8220;#8221;By the time I finished the pdf, introduction, I was ready to write a short story,#8221; says Rhonda Kline on The Write Spark. #8220;#8221;As a storyteller, I will keep this resource at the ready,#8221; says Darrell Vesterfelt. #8220;#8221;We all need a good kick in the pants once in a while!#8221; says Beck Gambill. #8220;#8221;I jumped into this fully expecting a solid mix of productivity, writing and publishing tips. What Joe provides is much more that that: A comprehensive resource for both the on hiv, novice and more seasoned writer to give their career a little shock therapy. Trust me—skip the short story class and nab this instead,#8221; says Brett Henley. #8220;#8221;Do I need one more book about jack essay writing? Yes I do,#8221; says Mary Lofthus on Wide Margins.

Let#8217;s Write a Short Story! is available as a PDF or for prevention your Kindle or Nook reader. It#8217;s also available on the african diaspora interpretive essays letswriteashortstory.com. Check out how you can save money on the packages. Along with Let#8217;s Write a Short Story! you can also get the prevention, work book, 15 Days to Write and Submit a Short Story , which will take you step-by-step through the entire process, from researching publications to writing your story to formatting it for submission. It will even help you deal with writer#8217;s block if you get stuck. At The Write Practice, we#8217;re all about taking small, practical steps toward improving at the craft of education character, writing. This is a great way to take your practice to the next level. Prevention! Have you ever written a short story? Why did you decide to write it? Hey Joe, I was wondering if it#8217;s possible to buy the workbook separately later? I#8217;m looking for broken ground ways to kickstart a daily writing habit towards short stories and I think this book might help me.

But I#8217;m admittedly uncertain as to prevention, whether I#8217;ll stick with it or not. On A! That said I don#8217;t really want to invest in the workbook yet until I#8217;ve proved to myself that I#8217;m going to take this seriously. So will the workbook be available to purchase separately eventually? Thanks and keep up the essay prevention, great work! Hi Paul. Great question. That#8217;s definitely my plan, but it may not be for a week or two. Day Without Electricity! You might sign up for updates on letswriteashortstory.com to get notified exactly when it#8217;s offered separately.

I probably won#8217;t announce it here. Okay thanks Joe. Already signed up. Essay Prevention! #128578; Congrats, Joe. I just Tweeted and FB#8217;d it for you. Having read it, I#8217;d say it#8217;s a great ebook for those wanting to jumpstart a writing habit, maybe even gathering a few clips under their belts. As one who firmly believes in contests, I suggest to my readers all the 1 summary, time to enter their shorts in contests. Essay! Great springboard. Good luck with it, Joe! Great idea about contests, Hope.

And thanks for all your support. I#8217;m humbled to have your support. Congratulations! I added your book#8217;s site onto StumbleUpon, and I have a post slated for Tumblr. I#8217;m also going to see if anyone on the writer#8217;s forum I#8217;m at observation introduction is interested in checking it out. I#8217;m writing a short story right now. Got eight pages of on hiv prevention, it done today. By the dissertation 1 summary, way, I#8217;ll be sending the interview questions in a week or two, once launch time has passed.

Are you being interviewed by anyone else? 8 Pages?! That#8217;s insane. Great job, CZ! I bought the silver package.

I just wanted to let you know that there#8217;s an easier way to essay on hiv prevention, get the book onto broken your Kindle. I simply attached the .mobi version to an email and sent it to my #8220;Send-to-Kindle Email Address#8221; and it magically appeared on my Kindle and worked straight away. The .mobi version will look just like a Kindle e-book. The .pdf version will also work, but won#8217;t reflow. (I sent the workbook the same way.) This works for wifi and 3G Kindles running recent software versions, and essay you can set up the address when you register your kindle, or change it later on the #8220;Personal Document Settings#8221; page of observation introduction, your Kindle account on essay on hiv prevention Amazon. Great point Tamyka. Broken Ground Jack Hodgins Essay! I should mention that. I wanted the failsafe option, because it doesn#8217;t work for everyone#8217;s Kindle, but you#8217;re definitely right that it#8217;s easier. Having read the book too, I can honestly say that Let#8217;s Write A Short Story! is a wonderful resource for any writer. It will kick your butt to essay on hiv prevention, start doing something, but advise you on all the character building essay, steps you need to take and on hiv prevention even point how to mail your submission and where. Great job Joe; this will help so many people.

Congrats, man. Excited for you and dissertation 1 summary this excellent work. The world needs more stories worth reading. Essay Prevention! I have written a few short stories: two when I was in resume pdf, Kindergarten and essay on hiv I think four here in The Write Practice. :3. I really want to try writing short stories, but for some reason, I can#8217;t. Whenever I write a short story, somehow there#8217;s this plot twist in my mind that makes me want to write a sequel, and then another one, and another one, until it becomes a novel. AND I can#8217;t stand writing anything short #128577; I#8217;m usually satisfied when the the african diaspora interpretive, story has 3000 words. XD. On Hiv Prevention! Congratulations Joe! One question that Indie authors always seem to ask me is #8220;Where can I find someone that can make me a professional looking book cover.#8221; I really don#8217;t have a good answer for it, but can you shed some light onto it. Hi Sonia.

Great question. The African Interpretive Essays! Erin ,of design-glory.com (our one and only ad in the side bar), made the cover for Let#8217;s Write a Short Story! as well as the essay prevention, workbook. She#8217;s amazing. Super fast and not too expensive. I HIGHLY recommend her. If you send people to broken essay, design-glory.com, have them tell her I recommended her.

Thanks Joe, I#8217;ll let everyone know. I#8217;ve written a short story because i wanted to on hiv prevention, finish something each day. But i feel like working on my novel and finish a short story is really hard. I can#8217;t not work on 1 summary my novel because i#8217;m too attached and i can#8217;t give up after all i#8217;ve been through. But i feel like writing short stories could possibly help#8230; Amazing!

I want to get the prevention, book as soon as possible. I#8217;m trying to education character building essay, write a short story feel free to visit my blog and take a look.

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How Laissez-Faire Made Sweden Rich. Sweden often gets held up as an example of how socialism can work better than markets. Prevention. But, as Norberg shows, Sweden’s history in fact points to the opposite conclusion. Once upon a time I got interested in theories of economic development because I had studied a low-income country, poorer than Congo, with life expectancy half as long and education character, infant mortality three times as high as the average developing country. That country is my own country, Sweden—less than 150 years ago. At that time Sweden was incredibly poor—and hungry. When there was a crop failure, my ancestors in northern Sweden, in Angermanland, had to essay, mix bark into the bread because they were short of flour. Life in towns and cities was no easier. Overcrowding and a lack of observation introduction, health services, sanitation, and refuse disposal claimed lives every day. Well into the twentieth century, an ordinary Swedish working-class family with five children might have to live in one room and a kitchen, which doubled as a dining room and bedroom. Many people lodged with other families.

Housing statistics from essay, Stockholm show that in 1900, as many as 1,400 people could live in essay introduction a building consisting of essay on hiv, 200 one-room flats. Observation Essay. In conditions like these it is little wonder that disease was rife. People had large numbers of children not only for lack of contraception, but also because of the risk that not many would survive for essay, long. As Vilhelm Moberg, our greatest author, observed when he wrote a history of the Swedish people: “Of all the wondrous adventures of the Swedish people, none is more remarkable and wonderful than this: that it survived all of them.” 1. But in one century, everything was changed. Sweden had the fastest economic and social development that its people had ever experienced, and one of the fastest the world had ever seen. Between 1850 and 1950 the diaspora interpretive essays average Swedish income multiplied eightfold, while population doubled. Infant mortality fell from 15 to 2 per cent, and average life expectancy rose an incredible 28 years. A poor peasant nation had become one of the essay on hiv world’s richest countries. Many people abroad think that this was the triumph of the education character Swedish Social Democratic Party, which somehow found the perfect middle way, managing to essay, tax, spend, and regulate Sweden into a more equitable distribution of wealth—without hurting its productive capacity. Observation. And so Sweden—a small country of nine million inhabitants in the north of on hiv, Europe—became a source of inspiration for people around the world who believe in government-led development and distribution.

But there is something wrong with this interpretation. The African Interpretive. In 1950, when Sweden was known worldwide as the great success story, taxes in essay prevention Sweden were lower and the public sector smaller than in the rest of Europe and the United States. It was not until then that Swedish politicians started levying taxes and disbursing handouts on a large scale, that is, redistributing the wealth that businesses and workers had already created. Sweden’s biggest social and economic successes took place when Sweden had a laissez-faire economy, and widely distributed wealth preceded the welfare state. This is the story about observation essay introduction how that happened. Essay On Hiv. 2 It is a story that must be learned by countries that want to be where Sweden is today, because if they are to accomplish that feat, they must do what Sweden did back then, not what an already-rich Sweden does now. In 1763 Anders Chydenius, a young priest from Osterbotten in Finland (then part of Sweden), sat down to write his contribution to pdf, an essay contest. The question he would answer was the essay on hiv most important in Sweden at the time: “Why do so many people leave Sweden?” Emigration had increased and was seen as a big problem.

The common interpretation was that people were lazy and greedy, and instead of assuming responsibility and working hard, they were tempted by character essay, promises of an easier life abroad. Chydenius’s response was the opposite. Essay Prevention. There is nothing wrong with emigration, he wrote. The problem is the oppressive and corrupt system that makes it impossible for people to stay in Sweden and build a good life there. In detailing all the abuses, regulations, and jack, taxes that destroyed opportunity, Chydenius outlined a radical laissez-faire critique of the Swedish government. He showed that privileges, license requirements, and essay on hiv, trade prohibitions protected a small lazy aristocracy and stopped hard-working people from making their own luck. High taxes confiscated whatever they managed to introduction, create; a corrupt justice system made it impossible for them to win against the powerful; and restrictions on the press made it illegal for them to complain about it. “Fatherland without freedom and merit is a big word with little meaning,” he pointed out. Chydenius was a modern priest, steeped in Enlightenment ideas. He spread science and medicine to the region and helped farmers to improve agricultural production with modern methods. On Hiv. He was also familiar with the French Physiocrats’ economic ideas.

But most of all his firsthand experience of the suffering of the people accounts for his political and economic worldview. Others thought the poor were lazy and hopeless, at best the object of building, their pity. Chydenius turned this perspective on its head: The poor are intelligent and hard working—they had to be to survive in such a harsh geographical and economic climate. Essay On Hiv. The problem was that they had to devote most of that energy and hard work to avoiding regulations, taxes, and corruption. Therefore one thing he struggled persistently against was class legislation, which forced the poor to pdf, work for the aristocrats and big farmers, and prevented them from changing employer or negotiate over wages.

Chydenius looked at particular cases of oppression, extending this belief in human liberty to new areas and universalizing it to create a consistently libertarian system of ideas. He wanted a minimal state that guaranteed the “security of our lives and properties,” with its only task to being prevention of “foreign violence and domestic oppression.” Apart from that, the government shouldn’t intervene. The size of government and prevention, taxes should be drastically reduced. Markets and trade should be completely free. He opposed subsidies even to economic sectors that he appreciated himself, like farming and fishing. Essay Electricity. According to essay, Chydenius, even government had to abide by the Seventh Commandment—not to steal. Farmers should be given complete property rights to their land, and even the poorest peasants should be given control of broken ground jack hodgins, their own labor. The country should open its borders and allow people to move freely to on hiv, and from Sweden/Finland.

People should be free to observation, discuss ideas and make up their own minds. On Hiv Prevention. Even in dissertation chapter 1 summary matters of religion, he thought that the government should be liberal and give the same rights to essay on hiv prevention, all beliefs. “I speak exclusively for education building, the small, but blessed word, freedom ,” he concluded. 3. What made Chydenius a pivotal figure in Swedish political history was that he was an activist and essay on hiv prevention, not just a theoretician. Character Essay. His defense of local farmers’ right to trade freely made him popular, and on hiv prevention, his region’s priests elected him to parliament. Ground Jack Hodgins Essay. In 1765-66 he traveled to Stockholm, where he made a lasting mark on his country. This came during a brief period when Sweden had a weak monarch and a strong parliament. In 1765 the anti-Russian “hat party” lost power to essay on hiv, the “caps,” who were a bit more interested in peace and restraint in government spending, but had no coherent ideology. Chydenius was about to character building, give them one. (The mercantilist, pro-war camp in parliament derided their opponents as “nightcaps”, and in contrast they started calling themselves “hats”. The names stuck.) Because of his political talent and several well-formulated pamphlets that he published while in parliament, Chydenius became a leader for the non-aristocratic wing of the cap party.

This led to successful parliamentary votes for on hiv, trade liberalization, reduced subsidies, and lower taxes. Most important, Chydenius managed to win support for a freedom-of-the-press statute, abolishing censorship in Sweden. As a result, the authorities’ decisions and words, documents were made public. That was unique to on hiv prevention, the world in 1766, and Sweden earned a reputation for being a country where debate was free. One pamphlet that Chydenius published was more important than the others. The National Gain was a short but forceful argument for economic freedom. Character Essay. Chydenius explained why a free market is self-regulating because the profit motive and the price mechanism keep us all in check and stimulates us to help others by producing the kind of goods and services they want most: [E]very individual spontaneously tries to find the place and the trade in essay which he can best increase National gain, if laws do not prevent him from doing so.

Every man seeks his own gain. This inclination is so natural and necessary that all Communities in the world are founded upon it. Otherwise Laws, punishments and essay, rewards would not exist and mankind would soon perish altogether. The work that has the greatest value is always best paid, and what is essay prevention best paid is on a for kids most sought after.… This conception of the National gain, however hard it may seem to be on our new enterprises, is nevertheless the simplest and easiest in essay itself. It gives liberty to all lawful trades, though not at the expense of the others.

It protects the poorest business and encourages diligence and free trade. It weighs everybody in the same scales, and gain is the ground essay right measure that shows who should have the essay on hiv prevention preference. It relieves the Government from thousands of uneasy worries, Statutes and supervisions, when private and National gain merge into one interest, and the harmful selfishness, which always tries to cloak itself beneath the the african essays Statutes, can then most surely be controlled by mutual competition. It allows a Swede to exercise the dearest and greatest right in Nature the Almighty has given him as man, i.e. to support himself in the sweat of his brow in whatever way he thinks best. It snatches away the pillow of essay prevention, laziness from the arms of those who, thanks to their Privileges, can now safely sleep away two-thirds of their time. All expedients to observation essay introduction, live without work will be removed and on hiv prevention, none but the diligent can become well-off. It makes a desirable reduction in our Lawsuits.

The numerous Statutes, their explanations, exceptions and applications, which fetter trades in one way or another, will then be unnecessary and grow silent, and when the Law is annulled, its breach will amount to nothing. Observation Introduction. 4. On these simple observations of the power of the price mechanism and the self-regulation of the free market, Chydenius built his worldview of economic liberalism. Essay On Hiv. It was the resume words invisible hand 11 years before The Wealth of Nations , and Chydenius has indeed been called “the Nordic Adam Smith.” According to Eli Heckscher, one of Sweden’s most famous economists in the 20th century, the essay on hiv pamphlet would probably have gained an impressive international reputation if it had been translated into a major language at introduction, that time. Chydenius’s radicalism alienated the nobility within his own party, and he was actually thrown out of parliament by the party because he criticized their monetary policies openly.

But his influence continued to essay prevention, grow, partly because the monetary policies led to a crisis, just as he had warned. Several of the most important figures in the cultural elite, who were close to the King Gustaf III, were heavily influenced by Chydenius’s thoughts. That goes for Nils von Rosenstein, an enlightenment proponent who led the essay on a day without for kids Swedish Academy; and the famous poet Johan Henrik Kellgren, who attacked religious mysticism and prevention, conservatives in his plays and poems, and explained why the hodgins essay market should be liberalized in economic essays. Von Rosenstein and essay on hiv prevention, Kellgren even started an organization, with themselves as the only members, to mock the occult and education essay, superstitious organizations of late 18th-century Sweden. It was called “Pro sensu communi” (For Common Sense) and observed August 29 as a holiday—John Locke’s birthday. Their view was that human beings were rational creatures who need to essay prevention, think for themselves to understand the world and decide how to live; therefore coercion should be abolished since it forces us to act against our own rational conclusions. The king himself signed a freedom-of-religion bill, drafted by Chydenius, that gave Jews the right to settle in Sweden. He also gave farmers more control over their land and liberalized agricultural trade. But the king also ended the era of strong parliament and centralized power in himself. After he was murdered in 1792 by a strange conspiracy between nobles’ who fought for their privileges and some who were inspired by the French Revolution, his son, Gustaf IV Adolf, used these powers to censor political debate and suspend parliament.

But liberal ideas weren’t dead. The African Diaspora Interpretive. Georg Adlersparre, an officer who called his belief in personal freedom and property rights “liberal” as early as 1804, published a controversial enlightenment magazine called Readings on Mixed Subjects . And it was mixed, indeed. Poems and philosophical studies were published next to articles about the need to liberalize the alcohol industry and essay prevention, the first Swedish translation of Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations . Adlersparre added footnotes to explain how Smith’s ideas could be implemented in Sweden. When the king’s policies led the country to stagnation and conflicts with Russia, Denmark, and France, Swedes grew increasingly hostile to his rule. Taxation and essay, inflation put even heavier burdens on the people. In late 1808 the essay on hiv Swedish military had to resume words, abandon the eastern half of the country—Finland—to attacking Russian troops. The resentment against the king who couldn’t wage war but refused to make peace grew even in essay on hiv prevention military circles.

At that time, Adlersparre, who now led the Swedish western army, published a proclamation saying that military conflict and political oppression were about to dissertation chapter 1 summary, destroy Sweden. It was a revolutionary manifesto: To save the country, the army should move against the king. Adlersparre and his troops began a popular march toward Stockholm. The king decided to flee southwards, but was arrested by people within the Stockholm bureaucracy. To make sure that this also led to real political changes, Adlersparre continued the march and the army occupied Stockholm until a new parliament was assembled and reforms began to be implemented. This was the essay Revolution of 1809—the only education character building violent revolution in Sweden’s modern history, and essay on hiv, it was initiated by a liberal officer and day without electricity, publisher inspired by Adam Smith. The path to freedom would not be as straight as the liberals hoped at the time. The parliament restored freedom of the prevention press, carried through some economic reforms, and reduced the aristocracy’s privileges. But the the african liberals, now united in the Liberal Party, were disappointed—and even more so when Sweden got a new king. Always eager to make friends with the strongest powers around, the Swedish Parliament chose one of Napoleon’s generals, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (soon to be Carl XIV Johan), as the new king.

He surprised everybody by making peace with Russia (he abandoned Finland but took Norway from Denmark) and on hiv, also by observation introduction, being hostile to enlightenment ideals and further reforms. The liberals were once again in opposition. However, the fact that the prevention revolution had restored Chydenius’s free-speech statute meant that debate was relatively free and observation, that a genuine liberal movement could be formed. Influences from France and essay, England continued to build support for libertarian ideas in the early 19th century. Land reforms had given farmers property rights to their land. Essay On A For Kids. Agricultural production grew more efficient, while many people had to leave the land. On Hiv Prevention. The unemployed and the poor moved to the cities, only to character essay, find that the industries with the on hiv potential to education building essay, grow and essay on hiv, provide jobs were stopped by antiquated policies. Local guilds controlled the observation introduction urban professions and essay on hiv prevention, made all decisions about who had the right to work and what to produce of which quality and at what price.

Rules and interpretive essays, regulations stopped the iron and essay on hiv, forest industries from expanding, and a lot of imports and some exports were simply forbidden. As a result, opposition to broken ground jack hodgins essay, economic controls grew by the day. A growing group among the nobles also began to on hiv, see the problem with a society built on privileges and hierarchies. At the same time, a middle class began to emerge. Farmers who grew richer with increased production, urban merchants who began to make some progress, and civil servants who were neither nobles nor merchants did not feel at home in the old structure or in the corporatist parliament with its four estates: nobles, priests, merchants, and farmers.

Members of these groups had capital, but weren’t allowed to invest it freely. They had ideas, but weren’t free to resume pdf, implement them. These groups began to find one another in the early 19th century. And the man who made it happen was a tall, young, red-haired radical newspaperman, Lars Johan Hierta. Hierta was a successful businessman, always fascinated by the latest technologies, and in the end he became one of the richest men in Sweden because of his business ventures. He was also a politician, always trying to build an on hiv prevention opposition alliance in the parliament. But most important, in 1830 he founded Aftonbladet (the Evening Paper), the first modern Swedish newspaper, a bastion of Swedish laissez-faire liberalism and the first publication to attack not just abuses of power, but political power as such.

Hierta launched Aftonbladet with the last of his money—had it failed he would have been ruined. But it was a stunning success. The revolutionary Adlersparre was the first supporter and sponsor. It was the observation essay introduction first Swedish newspaper to combine news and advertising, and as an evening paper, it could report on essay on hiv, the news that arrived with the morning mail. Because of Hierta’s sense of humor, the paper was satirical and fun to observation essay, read amidst all the serious criticism. In Aftonbladet , the growing middle class could read the on hiv prevention first real “social reports” on how the country was doing: the destitution in rural areas, the horrible conditions in the crowded urban centers. Broken Ground Jack Hodgins Essay. But they could also read about the solutions—liberalization and industrialization. Aftonbladet pointed to more liberal countries as positive examples: Norway, England, France and essay, the United States. On his wall, Hierta had a copy of Trumbull’s painting of the signing of the American Declaration of Independence—a declaration Hierta called “the most beautiful truth and foundation for a society”. With his urban enlightenment-liberalism, Hierta became the essay day without for kids voice for the emerging middle class. His first proposal in parliament—dealing with public drinking—says a lot about his worldview.

At that time it was illegal to be drunk in public. Hierta thought that this was class legislation, since only the prevention poor were ever caught by the police. He argued that being drunk shouldn’t be illegal as long as the drinker threatened no one’s life or property. Hierta’s political career was dedicated to extending that libertarian principle to 1 summary, new spheres. He believed in total freedom of speech, the general franchise, and equal rights for women. His basic principle was that no group should be allowed to “take money out of others’ pockets,” and he always tried to reign in government spending. He thought that everybody should be free to start a business, including a bank, and to trade without barriers.

This phrase about not taking money out of essay, other people’s pockets was often repeated in liberal circles. Chydenius had a similar expression : No one should be allowed to stand on education essay, the shoulders of others. It summed up the on hiv prevention liberal ideology’s central point—equality before the observation essay introduction law, government should not take sides. All privileges that guaranteed or denied certain people a position or trade should be abolished. Everybody should have the same rights and should be treated the same. This also set a natural limit to the kind of government intervention they could accept.

Anything that benefited a group at essay prevention, the expense of on a, others was ruled out. The government should instead deal with the prevention kinds of public goods that benefited the entire society. Law and order was something everybody agreed upon. Most liberals also thought that the government should provide basic education, saying that this was something that benefited the entire society. Some infrastructure was also included. Broken Jack. Some liberals (though not Hierta’s radical liberals) supported a government-financed national railway system. But even those who did so said that this was only because it benefited the on hiv entire country; the local train routes that benefited particular regions or cities should be financed and built privately. Hierta’s liberalism was founded on natural rights espoused by John Locke and the French and American revolutions, but he frequently combined this approach with utilitarian arguments from Jeremy Bentham and the classical economists. Diaspora. Authors who combined those two traditions, like the French economist Frederic Bastiat and Richard Cobden and prevention, John Bright of the Manchester School, were especially popular with Hierta, and he introduced their ideas in Aftonbladet . Essay. Swedish liberalism is distinctive in that it brought together different traditions and ideas rather than following one line of thought all the way. (Some would argue that this is characteristic of the Swedish mentality.)

The Swedish variety was a sort of “harmony liberalism” that claimed that the clash between different groups was really an illusion. All groups and classes could make progress together as long as privileges were abolished and people were allowed to make a living and a profit only by serving one another in the free market. This was the political version of the on hiv Enlightenment idea of progress, and it got help from classical economics. When Adam Smith explained that it is not from the benevolence of the butcher that we expect cheap and pdf, good meat, but from on hiv, his self-interest, it was more than an economic statement; it was a worldview, a way of on a day without electricity, saying that the butcher is not my enemy. If all trade were voluntary we wouldn’t enter any deal unless both parties expected to benefit. Together, we can make progress and improve the world.

Swedish liberals had this optimistic view of how to deal with social problems. The old safety nets of the guilds had only given security to a small group of people. When they were abolished, the liberals wanted to see self-help groups in which workers and families voluntarily organized education and savings for sickness, unemployment, and essay prevention, pension funds. That would not merely help people materially, but also develop a sense of responsibility and an ability to manage one’s own affairs. Other opposition newspapers could be threatened or bought into silence, but the regime understood that Aftonbladet was something different, a potential leader of the formerly dispersed opposition forces. In the parliament farmers and merchants used arguments from Aftonbladet to push for reform. As a result, in 1835 the government used an old law from the last war to shut it down. But with the introduction help of other individuals, Hierta had acquired permission to on hiv prevention, start more newspapers, so when Aftonbladet closed, he simply opened The New Aftonbladet . And when that was shut down, he created The Newer Aftonbladet . That was followed by The Fourth Aftonbladet , the ground jack hodgins essay fifth, the sixth, and prevention, so on. The episode gave Aftonbladet a huge boost, and Hierta became a celebrity and a hero to observation introduction, many. The hard conservatives said that the only way to beat him was to strike down hard and outlaw new papers, but the government didn’t dare to do that in the light of essay prevention, Hierta’s popularity.

After more than three years of cat-and-mouse games, Hierta threatened to publish a new paper if the resume present one was closed down. Fearing a violent reaction from the public, the government silently dropped the on hiv old law without even a decision in parliament. Freedom of the words pdf press was reinstated, and everybody could see that the government could be beaten. Step by step, the strength of the opposition grew. Essay Prevention. It got support from popular poets and authors like C. Dissertation 1 Summary. J. L. Almqvist, who also wrote aggressive liberal articles for Aftonbladet ; Fredrika Bremer, who explained that Jesus was the essay prevention first liberal, since he was in favor of individual rights; and E. Diaspora Interpretive. G. Geijer, the famous conservative who abandoned his friends in 1838, explaining that the modern world, with its trade, industrialization, and open debate, seemed like a miracle, which through more democracy and freer markets could be brought to everybody. Authors like Bremer and on hiv, Geijer introduced religious values into Swedish liberalism. In contrast, people like Hierta were atheists who didn’t speak up much for freedom of religion since they thought that it was mostly superstition.

The next generation of liberals saw freedom of religion as one of the essay most important reforms. Libertarian views were always strong among the farmers in parliament. In fighting for prevention, a more democratic system, secure property rights to the land, and the freedom to trade, they naturally ended up on the liberal side. For a time, opponents called the majority in the farmer’s estate “the political economists,” accusing them of being more interested in theoretical economic liberalism than practical politics. In the diaspora essays merchant estate the picture was mixed. A new group of essay on hiv, businessmen who wanted economic freedom to compete and to observation introduction, create challenged the old establishment, which wanted to protect their trades from essay prevention, competition. As time went by, the new group grew and soon controlled of the ground jack hodgins essay estate. The nobles and the priests most often rejected proposals for liberalization, and so the estate votes were often 2-2, blocking reforms. But among the nobles the mood was also beginning to change. A group of on hiv prevention, “moderate liberals” got more influence as opinion in the country shifted and as Swedes learned about the positive results from industrialization in other countries.

Slowly but steadily, liberal majorities were formed to abolish trade prohibitions and to allow new industries to open. The moderate liberals—“the gray”—became even more influential after 1848. 1 Summary. The revolution in France scared the king, Oscar I, and essay on hiv prevention, the nobility. It helped them to understand that the problems of development were pressing and resume words pdf, that something had to be done to avoid a revolution in on hiv prevention Sweden as well. But at all cost they wanted to avoid radical laissez-faire solutions and also the new emerging socialism. They found their solution in the moderate liberals, who believed in liberalization to modernize the essay on a for kids country, but they advocated reform not revolution and essay prevention, were not hostile to the king as such. In 1848 their most promising member of parliament, the young Johan August Gripenstedt, was appointed a minister without portfolio. An aristocratic lieutenant, always dressed in a black coat with a white scarf, Gripenstedt was principled when it came to goals, but an opportunist when it came to the means. Observation. He had been to France and discovered Bastiat’s ideas, which became an essay prevention important influence in his struggle for free trade and free markets.

He was completely steeped in the tradition of harmony liberalism, and believed in the broad liberal program of female emancipation, religious freedom, and a more democratic parliament. But he was a tactician. When the climate shifted in a conservative direction, he didn’t press for his ideas and didn’t complain publicly when liberal friends were forced to leave government. But Gripenstedt was biding his time. He was a skilled politician, who knew how to build alliances and deal with difficult events. He made himself indispensible for the government and resume words, the king, and the stronger the liberal movement grew, the more important it was for essay, the establishment to have a strong liberal politician in the government. Furthermore, the king also favored Gripenstedt’s proposal for a government railway network in Sweden, which many liberals opposed.

In 1856 the next king, Karl XV, promoted Gripenstedt minister of finance. The liberals worked on two fronts. In government Gripenstedt pushed reforms whenever he had a chance. He also opposed the king, promoted his own ideas, and thwarted royal plans for military adventures abroad. The stronger Gripenstedt got, the more risks he could take. He had strong support from the popular Handelstidningen (the Trade paper) in Gothenburg under the effective editorship of S. Dissertation Chapter. A. Hedlund. At the same time, outside government, Hierta and the more radical liberals constantly pushed for more and complained that Gripenstedt and the government didn’t liberalize further. That gave Gripenstedt more room to maneuver, using the threat from outside as an argument against the king and the more conservative forces in government. Mild reforms led to an improved economy and more jobs, which led to essay on hiv, acceptance of observation essay, more reforms.

Soon the government also had a moderate liberal prime minister, Louise de Geer. Together de Geer and Gripenstedt oversaw dramatic changes in Swedish politics, thanks to their skills and the outside pressure. It is no exaggeration to say that Sweden experienced a nonviolent liberal revolution between 1840 and 1865. The guild system was abolished, and anybody could now start a business and compete freely. The regulations that had stopped the development of the essay timber and dissertation chapter, iron industries were lifted. Sweden got a joint-stock company law as early as 1848. Banks were allowed and interest rates were deregulated.

Free immigration and essay on hiv, emigration were instituted (and more than one million Swedes soon left for America). The old schools that had the mission of making priests or civil servants of the elite’s children were replaced by a practical education for everyone. Freedom of the press and religion were dramatically expanded. Jack Essay. Women won the rights to own and inherit property, get an essay on hiv education, and make a career. And just before Gripenstedt had to leave the government because of health problems (probably malaria), he assured that his reforms would be long-lived. After the free traders had managed to abolish the trade prohibitions and lower the tariffs dramatically, Gripenstedt arranged for Sweden to character building, join the free-trade treaty between France and Great Britain in 1865—a treaty with a most-favored-nation clause, which gave each participant maximum access to essay on hiv, the others’ markets. Jack Essay. Trade barriers all over Europe fell. Gripenstedt was also instrumental in abolishing the old parliament based on the four estates and on hiv prevention, creating a new, more democratic parliament. When Gripenstedt left the government, his critics said he was a coward who got out just when people would begin to see the destructive consequences of education, his liberal policies.

They predicted that foreign competitors would ruin Swedish industry and that without government control of business, there would be enormous problems with quality and prevention, coordination. When people in rural areas were allowed to open shops, the critics of liberalism said, the cities would be doomed because farmers would have no reason to go there buy things. Rarely has a forecast been so embarrassingly wrong. Resume Words Pdf. Two hundred years after Chydenius’s first public appearance, Sweden was one of the richest countries on the planet, and the moment Gripenstedt stepped down was the precise moment when this economic transformation got going. On Hiv Prevention. The real earnings of male industrial workers increased by around 25 percent per decade between 1860 and 1910, and life expectancy increased by pdf, 12 years. In total the prevention real earnings increased by 170 percent in those fifty years, much faster than the resume words pdf 110 percent in the next fifty years. Essay. And as late as the on a day without electricity turn of the century, central public expenditure in essay on hiv Sweden was around 6 percent of national income. 5. Liberalism had transformed Sweden completely. A society that used to be rigorously controlled—in which all occupations were thoroughly regulated and trade with other countries was practically forbidden—suddenly opened the floodgates of creativity that had been pent up for chapter 1 summary, centuries.

Creativity was now rewarded, not penalized. Open markets and a minimum of regulations meant that capital could flow to the best ideas and essay, that companies were free to hire and fire. The old trades were mechanized, and Sweden could now export what it did best to pdf, Britain and essay, other countries in building exchange for essay on hiv, imports that Sweden couldn’t produce as well. Farmers who had acquired title to their land started investing in better, more efficient agriculture. The forest industry, which could now export its output, turned its timber—“green gold”—into sawn timber goods and pulp. The mills, now deregulated, made iron and steel out of the ore that generations of people had merely walked on. Craftsmen, liberated from the ancient guild system, began competing by building essay, means of new solutions, new goods, new designs, and lower prices. Production was electrified in factories that could now mass-produce goods that even the essay on hiv poor could afford. Character Essay. When banks and corporations were permitted, capital was channeled to the most efficient producers, and Swedes started to invest in new machinery and methods capable of producing more and better goods.

This laissez-faire epoch was a good environment for creators and entrepreneurs. On Hiv. It engendered one of the loveliest words in the Swedish language: snilleindustrierna —the “genius industries,” meaning businesses founded on essays, an ingenious invention, or the development of one, producing on a massive scale and essay prevention, largely for export. Once the resume pdf way was clear for borrowing, hiring, producing, and selling, the road from idea to idea-based enterprise, from genius to genius industry, became very short. In certain cases industries were established by polymaths who were both inventors and captains of industry. On Hiv. They succeeded both in creating something new and getting it to broken ground hodgins, consumers. Lars Magnus Ericsson invented an automatic telephone exchange and founded L. M. Ericsson. Sven Wingquist invented the self-regulating ball bearing and essay on hiv, created SKF.

Alfred Nobel invented dynamite and built up Nitroglycerin AB (later Dyno Nobel), and Gustaf Dalen invented a flashing apparatus for lighthouses and founded AGA. Some entrepreneurs commercialized other people’s inventions: Axel Wenner-Gren, for example, built up Electrolux by introducing vacuum cleaners and refrigerators into Swedish homes. It was at this stage that the wheels began to spin on which Sweden rolled into the future. One success came hard on the heels of another. The country now had growth and could do more. Running water and sewerage were installed in people’s homes, and streets and homes were fitted with electric lighting. In 1857 Gripenstedt gave two dramatic speeches explaining that with free markets, access to foreign markets, and modern infrastructure, Sweden, one of the poorest European countries, could become one of the richest.

He was ridiculed by the opponents, who called the speeches naive “flower paintings.” But Gripenstedt had the last laugh. As noted, between 1850 and 1950, Swedish income per capita increased eightfold, as the population doubled. Infant mortality fell from resume pdf, 15 to 2 percent, and life expectancy increased by a whopping 28 years. 6. The liberal movement had succeeded, but it was about to fall victim to its own success. In January 1867, with a new, more democratic parliament without a division into estates, liberalism seemed triumphant. Lars Johan Hierta, the oldest member of parliament, delivered the welcome speech in which he celebrated the reforms and warned the on hiv prevention members not to come up with new ideas on how to take money from the people. One commentator said: “Now there are no parties.

Everybody is dissertation 1 summary a liberal nowadays.” 7. But in a way, this posed problems for classical liberals. It seemed as though they had finished their agenda. The coalition that had brought the ideas to triumph now had other interests. This could be seen in the new parties that were formed in parliament. People around the essay old liberal government started a Ministerial Party, with the goal of defending the reforms but not to ground jack hodgins, go much further. A smaller group started the Neoliberal Party, which was economically liberal and wanted to go extend their principles to essay, cultural and political issues, including more rights for women, more extensive rule of law, and more democracy. The dominant new party was the Rural Men’s Party, a party for farmers that had liberal elements and wanted to reduce taxes and give more power to those outside the Stockholm establishment. Ominously, the observation essay liberals split up among all those parties. Gripenstedt and moderate liberals joined the Ministerial Party.

For a while Hierta and the radical liberals joined the Neoliberal Party, and Hedlund and many liberals from outside Stockholm joined the Rural Party. This meant that all parties were influenced by liberalism, and a liberal government still called the shots—but it also meant that liberalism was no longer one coherent, effective force working for one common goal. When the liberals and free traders lost a long and aggressive campaign on tariffs on grain in the late 1880s, and a new conservative government was formed, new political alternatives emerged. Economically, the tariffs didn’t mean much. Essay On Hiv. They were not adjusted for inflation and so became smaller every year in observation introduction real terms, and the continued reduction in essay transport costs more than offset the loss from the tariffs.

Sweden’s exports and imports continued to grow every year. Observation. But the tariffs had more serious political consequences. The problem was that harmony liberalism broke down when one side began to essay prevention, take money out of the broken jack pockets of other groups. Everybody then had an interest in trying to get rewards and privileges for himself. Whoever remained a liberal and wanted a neutral state would see his pockets picked by others. A recent commentator explained that “After the victory for protectionism, the essay on hiv prevention parliament was drowned by a wave of broken ground essay, suggestions that had in common that they all wanted the on hiv government to be active both here and on a day without electricity, there.” 8. The liberal movement began to change as a result. The natural sympathy of many was with the poor and the workers. Now that the government had betrayed them by on hiv prevention, increasing the cost of their bread, they must strike back. It now seemed more important to extend the pdf franchise since the essay people wanted free trade, but had lost in an undemocratic parliament.

Some liberals, however, drew another conclusion: Since the government benefited producers with tariffs, it was now time for a counterattack on behalf of consumers. Some wanted to import Bismarck’s social-security ideas and became “social liberals.” At the same time, the conservative alternative, which had been seen as dead for more than 20 years, was reborn in a more modern, pro-business, pro-tariff version. Where it had once said that only a strong and interventionist government could stop development, now it was said that only such a government could create rapid development. But the strongest new force was the socialists, and interestingly they were organized on electricity for kids, a free-trade platform. In 1889 the Social Democratic Party was founded, and one of its demands was “No to hunger tariffs.” It complained that the elite had called on the government to destroy equality before the law by essay on hiv prevention, helping business and farms, and therefore the workers shouldn’t be content with just waiting for the african diaspora essays, the rewards of economic growth. They should also ask the government to step in on their side. These diverse interests meant that, on the whole, the essay prevention liberal system lived on. Conservatives and chapter 1 summary, social liberals fought for private property and fiscal discipline, and they collaborated to steer Sweden clear away from socialism.

And when the Social Democrats got power in 1932, they quickly abandoned their plans to socialize business. Their leaders thought that an increase in production was essential to pay for their reform programs and became impressed with the liberal economy’s ability to deliver. They were also heavily influenced by a generation of independent liberal economists like Gustaf Cassel and Eli Heckscher, who considered Anders Chydenius an intellectual forefather. Prevention. Interestingly, a few prominent Social Democrats were actually among the broken hodgins most consistent economic liberals and free traders in Sweden. More than other countries, Sweden held on to free trade, which was necessary for a small economy dependent on on hiv, both imports and exports. The Social Democrats and the trade unions allowed old sectors like farming, shipping, and textiles to pass away as long as new jobs were created. They settled for essay day without for kids, a more cautious policy of keeping the market free to create wealth, allowing the process of creative destruction to do its work, and only later distribute (a growing) part of prevention, that wealth. They knew that a party of class struggle wouldn’t be able to hold on essay, to power in Sweden. Essay. Instead, they created social-security systems that gave the most pension, unemployment, paternal-leave, and sick-leave benefits to those with high wages.

Most benefits were proportional to the amount paid in, so the wealthy middle class would have an interest in supporting the system. Regulations were adapted to benefit the biggest industries—for example, as labor regulations were introduced, exceptions could be made as long as the trade unions agreed, which they often did when it came to dissertation, the biggest export businesses. In collective-bargaining agreements, wages were made more equal for big modern export-oriented companies and small less-productive companies, imposing a relatively greater burden on the small ones. When taxes were raised they were often on consumption and hence regressive so as not to interfere with the incentives to produce. It began as a cautious policy. In 1950 Sweden was one of the richest countries in the world. Essay On Hiv Prevention. The total tax burden was still just 19 percent of GDP—lower than in the United States and in other European countries. It did not surpass 30 percent until 1965.

It was an open economy with a small government that produced these amazing results, with a little help from having stayed out of resume words, two world wars. In his history of economic policy in prevention Sweden, economist Johan Myhrman concludes that despite a growth in government, these policies continued: Under this period (1950-70) Sweden had a liberal trade policy, which meant low tariffs and a benevolent attitude to broken ground hodgins essay, business, for example with a tax policy that admitted very generous deductions for capital costs. 9. Yes, Sweden today has another reputation. But that came later. In the on hiv prevention 1970s, with coffers filled by big business and heads filled with ideas from the international turn to essay on a day without, the left, the Social Democrats began to expand social assistance and regulate the on hiv labor market.

Public spending almost doubled between 1960 and 1980, rising from 31 percent to 60 percent of GDP, and high taxes accompanied them. For a while Social Democrats could travel the world and talk about how they were able to have both big government and high incomes—but only for broken ground jack hodgins essay, a time, because this was also the moment when the model began to run into problems. The average growth rate was halved to 2 percent in the 1970s, declining further in essay on hiv prevention the 1980s, and that was before the big crisis in the 1990s. The currency had to be devalued five times to keep industry competitive, by a total of essay day without electricity for kids, 45 percent. Essay. In 1990, the essay introduction year before a serious economic crisis in on hiv prevention Sweden, private enterprise had not created a single net job since 1950, but the public sector had increased by more than a million employees. While the knowledge and service economy made it more important to invest in on a day without electricity human capital, high marginal tax rates on personal income reduced individuals’ incentives to invest in their education and skills. Generous benefits for on hiv, those not working eroded the words work ethic, and a country with one of the healthiest populations became one of the countries with most people off sick from work. The alliance among big government, big business, and on hiv, big labor made Sweden less flexible. Essay. Encouraging investments in big industry worked well, as long as there was little need for innovation. Once that changed, the prevention system ran into trouble and the lack of essay, growing small- and medium-sized businesses became a real problem. On Hiv. The companies that did exist didn’t grow, partly because of the risks and costs of rules that prevented the firing of workers.

The most important Swedish companies are still those that were born during the laissez-faire period before the essay First World War. In 2000 just one of the 50 biggest Swedish companies was founded after 1970. Meanwhile, services that could have become new private growth sectors, like education and health care, were monopolized and financed by essay on hiv, the government. From 1975 to 2000, while per-capita income grew by 72 percent in building the United States and 64 percent in Western Europe, Sweden’s grew by no more than 43 percent. In 1970 Sweden was the fourth richest country in the OECD’s ranking by per-capita income. Essay Prevention. In 2000 Sweden had fallen to 14th. As the Social Democratic finance minister Bosse Ringholm explained in 2002: If Sweden would have had the diaspora interpretive essays same growth rates as the essay on hiv OECD average since 1970, our common resources would have been so much bigger that it would be the equivalent of education character, 20,000 SEK [$2,700] more per essay, household per month. It was not socialist policies that turned Sweden into one of the electricity for kids world’s richest countries.

When Sweden got rich, it had one of the most open and deregulated economies in the world, and taxes were lower than in the United States and most other western countries. Essay On Hiv Prevention. The Social Democrats kept most of those policies intact until the ground jack 1970s, when they thought that those excellent foundations—unprecedented wealth, a strong work ethic, an educated work force, world-class exports industries, and a relatively honest bureaucracy—were so stable that the government could tax and essay, spend and build a generous cradle-to-grave welfare state on them. They couldn’t. At least not without costs. Because that welfare state began to essay on a electricity for kids, erode the conditions that had made the model viable in the first place. Essay On Hiv Prevention. And the fourth richest country became the 14th richest within three decades.

Things have looked up a bit since for this small Nordic country. In the 1990s Sweden had another important reform period in response to sluggish growth and a severe banking crisis. Both Social Democrats and center-right parties contributed when marginal tax rates were reduced; markets for finance, electricity, telecom, and media were deregulated; the central bank was made independent; the observation pension system was reformed partly with personal accounts; private providers in health care and elderly care were welcomed; and a school voucher system was introduced. During the last few years, Swedish governments have reduced taxes substantially, from 52 to 44 percent of GDP, and abolished taxes on gifts, inheritance, wealth, and housing. Sweden has yet again increased exports, created private-sector jobs, and prevention, seen economic progress that has outpaced the rest of Europe. Sweden has managed the essay day without financial crisis much better than most other countries, and public debt is around 30 percent of GDP. But that’s another story—though not entirely, because present-day Swedish liberalization and liberalizers have often been inspired by the history of prevention, Swedish individuals, reforms accomplished 150 years ago, and the unprecedented prosperity that they produced. A statue of observation, Lars Johan Hierta has been erected in central Stockholm and a Social Democratic speaker of parliament has proclaimed Anders Chydenius one of the greatest pioneers in essay the history of the Swedish parliament. On the pdf wall of Finance Minister Anders Borg’s office hangs a portraits of Gripenstedt and Chydenius—“the father of Swedish wealth,” according to Borg.

When Sweden liberalizes again, it will be going back to the future. That background—and that future—are the most important lessons from Sweden to on hiv, the rest of the the african diaspora interpretive essays world. As Anders Chydenius wrote almost 250 years ago, in the essay contest entry that got Swedish liberalism off to an impressive start: “That which our time tramples on, posterity will pick up, and that which is now called boldness will be honored in the name of truth.” This essay was syndicated by AtlasOne, a project of the Atlas Network. Vilhelm Moberg, Min svenska historia , 1971, p. 72. ? For the whole background, see my history of Swedish liberalism, Den svenska liberalismens historia , Timbro, 1998. ? A collection of his most important essays have recently been published as Anders Chydenius, Anticipating the Wealth of Nations (ed. Maren Jonasson Pertti Hyttinen. Routledge, 2011). ? Anders Chydenius: The National Gain , London: Ernest Benn Limited 1931. Translator unknown. http://www.chydenius.net/historia/teokset/e kansallinen koko.asp ? Mauricio Rojas, “Sweden After the Swedish Model,” Timbro, 2005, p. On Hiv Prevention. 17. Character. ? Anders Johnson: Entreprenorerna : Sveriges vag till valstand . Prevention. Stockholm: Svenskt Naringsliv, 2002. ? Gudmar Hasselberg: Rudolf Wall – Dagens Nyheters skapare . Stockholm: Bonniers, 1945, p. Resume. 232. ? Svenbjorn Kilandet: Den nya staten och den gamla . Stockholm: Almqvist Wiksell International, 1991, p. 205 ? Johan Myhrman, Hur Sverige blev rikt . SNS, 1994, p. 160. ? Johan Norberg is prevention a lecturer, documentary filmmaker, and the author of several books, including the award-winning In Defense of Global Capitalism , which was translated into around 25 languages. His most recent book is Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future (2016). He is also a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute.

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6 8 contest essay We are a US Catholic society of priests and prevention, brothers dedicated to missionary work overseas in 22 countries. Additionally, we animate Catholics in the US to follow their own baptismal call to share God#8217;s compassion with the poor, the sick, those most in need. an resume overseas missionary? (Fr. Tom O#8217;Brien, Fr. Ray Finch, Fr. Joe Everson, Fr.

Russ Feldmeier) The Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers is overseen by our General Council , led by Superior General Fr. On Hiv Prevention? Ray Finch. (Co-founders Fr. Broken Ground Jack Hodgins Essay? Price and Fr. Walsh) Father Gerard Hammond has received the highest honor bestowed by the Knights of Columbus for essay prevention, his service to electricity for kids the sick in North Korea. Read more. Essay On Hiv Prevention? The 2017 contest is open to students in grades 6–8 (Division I) and grades 9–12 (Division II). Recognizing Violence and Promoting Peace. Observation Essay Introduction? In a world where violence is all around us—in the news, schools, communities, entertainment, etc.—Pope Francis calls us “to take a clear stand for creative and active nonviolence and against all forms of violence.” We are asking students to essay prevention cite examples of violence and character building essay, tell what actions they are taking or could take to promote peace . Entries should be 500–750 words Mailed essays must be accompanied by a completed Contest Cover Sheet (PDF) First-place essays will appear in the May/June 2018 issue of MARYKNOLL magazine Winning essays in essay each Division will be chosen by Feb.

15, 2018. Entries received for our 2016 #8220;Caring for Our Common Home#8221; Essay Contest were judged by a panel of more than 50 Maryknoll missioners, all of whom were elated to read the the african diaspora interpretive, essays that conveyed thousands of examples of prevention people caring for the earth. Words? The 2016 contest received 7,261 entries from students who competed in two divisions (grades 6 to essay 8 and grades 9 to 12) for nearly $3,000 in cash prizes: $1,000 for each of the two first-place finalists $300 for each of the two second-place finalists $150 for third place. “The earth cries out to resume words pdf us because of the essay on hiv, harm we have inflicted on character essay her by our irresponsible use and abuse of the goods with which God has endowed her.” Pope Francis calls on ALL human beings to respect nature and essay, stop exploiting our common home! We asked students to hodgins essay explain the essay prevention, importance of heeding the pope’s call and to provide at least two examples of students, or others, engaged in activities that respect the earth . “Every year, it is a delight to read the essays submitted to the Maryknoll Student Essay Contest,” said Father Emile Dumas, M.M. “This year was no exception. The essays are a good way to connect with the young folks. They renew my hope in the future of the Catholic Church in on a electricity for kids the U.S. and throughout the world. I pray for all the essay on hiv prevention, students and teachers who participated in the essay contest. May God continue to pdf generously bless them! May they bring to our global village the peace, hope, joy and justice our global village needs.” Grace Smith, an eighth-grader at Ursuline Academy in Wilmington, Delaware , wins the $1,000 Bishop Francis X. Ford Award, named for the Maryknoll missioner who was in essay prevention the first group of Maryknoll missioners to observation essay China and died in a prison there in 1952.

Below is her winning essay#8230; Respecting Earth, Through Myself and My Government. Taking care of our common home is an idea that, for our world today, is no longer an essay prevention issue of tomorrow but an issue of today. It is such an important idea because humans are the reason the jack essay, environment is in a decline in the first place, so it is our responsibility to fix what we started. Pope Francis thinks that taking care of our common home should be a corporal work of mercy; Mother Teresa wanted us to prevention stop wasting precious environmental goods. So how, exactly, are we supposed to help the environment?

If one wants to stop contributing to the bad activities that will lead to earth becoming a gray wasteland, simple steps can be done to do so. I personally try to use less power at school and at home, and I write letters to my state politicians to essay on a day without ask them to vote “yes” on bills in prevention congress that cut environmental strain. Using less energy and urging politicians to make Delaware more eco-friendly are simple ways that I treat the environment better and day without for kids, respect Earth, our common home. Decreasing the amount of on hiv energy that I use and encouraging my friends and family to do the same is a way that I can directly affect the amount of fossil fuels burned for energy. Wherever we go, my friends and I turn off unused lights and only use the amount of water that is education character, necessary. These are particularly easy ways to prevention help the environment because they take no time out of the day, require little to no effort, and are easy habits to get into and spread to other people. Whenever citizens feel that an observation essay introduction issue their local politicians are voting on pertains to them personally, they can mail a letter to the politicians to ask them to consider their circumstances and why they want the politicians to vote a certain way. On Hiv? An issue that pertains to me personally is conservation of the earth. While singular people who use less energy are contributing to a greener world, if companies continue to pump out dangerous chemicals into the air and water, nothing can be done to stop the environment’s decline.

So whenever an essay environmental vote comes up, I mail a letter to my local representatives to remind them that voting to put checks on big manufacturing businesses is one of the most important things for preserving the earth and its resources. Even though I can’t vote yet, I can still make a difference in government through my politicians. Essay Prevention? Everyone who is able must put in an effort to save our earth, before it is too late. On A Electricity For Kids? With every voice and outlet available, citizens of every country need to work against the earth’s deterioration. Prevention? If we all work together, as a whole world, we can make the day without electricity, earth beautiful, green and safe for all the essay on hiv prevention, generations after us. We have to be aware of the life or death situation of building pollution and other ecological burdens; we have to be aware that our lives are dependent on the earth’s life, and if we destroy the earth, we destroy ourselves. Pope Francis understands this better than any other pope before him. Essay Prevention? He knows that God wants us to protect the beautiful world he gave us. God wants us to protect our common home, with every way we can.

Ellie Kooney, an eighth-grader at St. Gerard School in broken jack hodgins Lansing, Michigan, wins the second-place prize of $300 in Division I of the Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. Below is essay prevention, her winning essay#8230; “The earth cries out to us because of the harm we have inflicted on jack her by our irresponsible use and abuse of the goods with which God has endowed her,” Pope Francis says. The world 65 million years ago was very different than our earth today. On Hiv? There were no roads.

No giant buildings that tower over on a day without electricity for kids our cemented land. No polluted waters that we now have to drink from. No humans, no problem it seemed. Essay? There used to words be many amazing creatures on this earth. Out of the many African elephants that once lived, only 415,000 still live in the wild. Numerous bees now are on the endangered species list. Because of our selfish needs, many poor animals are now gone or are close to extinction. What will you do to essay on hiv stop this? What will you do to chapter 1 summary make the earth whole again? Well, there are some people out there trying to make the world good again. My family and I are one of those dedicated to making the world a better place.

In our lives, we work to preserve the on hiv prevention, earth. Ever since we installed a solar panel in our backyard, we have saved approximately $1,000 a year in utility costs. Installing solar panels is a great way to use the sun as a renewable energy source instead of using fossil fuels, such as coal and oil. Chapter? My mom teaches an elective at on hiv prevention my school about the environment and how to be careful with our natural resources. She is teaching young students to help take better care of the earth so that it is dissertation chapter 1 summary, a cleaner, healthier place to live. My family and I recycle and compost our waste. This helps the earth by making it so there are fewer landfills, and composting our waste is like feeding the essay, earth in a good way.

We buy and grow organic fruits and vegetables locally. This way we reduce using fossil fuels and pesticides. My mom and dad also drive hybrid-energy cars, which reduces the use of fossil fuels and oil. At our house, we own 15 acres where we grow native plants to encourage butterflies and wildlife to flourish. Our lighting is LED, which is long lasting and doesn’t produce a lot of heat. These bulbs last 10 to broken essay 15 times longer than traditional filament light bulbs.

We heat our house with a renewable resource of wood in our wood-burning stove. All of these examples show that my family and I are trying to tend to the earth and the pope’s call. When we tend to the pope’s call, we are saving the earth. Essay? God created this beautiful home and it would be disrespectful to treat it in such a harmful way. He calls you all to resume step up and be good stewards for on hiv, generations to come. Recycling, composting, and using LED lights are simple ways to help protect the essay introduction, earth. I implore you all to try, try and make the world a better place and listen to on hiv prevention the pope’s call. We all want to enjoy our life on introduction earth and should preserve our world for many years to come.

Be kind to our earth, because it is an amazing gift and we need to save it before it is all gone. Tobin Doherty, an eighth-grader at Our Lady of Good Counsel Catholic School in Vienna, Virginia, wins the third-place award of $150 in Division I of the Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. Below is his winning essay#8230; The pope is calling us to essay on hiv action, not just Catholics like you and me, but rather all the building, people who have come to on hiv know and love this planet. He is suggesting that instead of draining the earth of all its fruits for broken ground, our own selfish needs, we join together to combat this ecological crisis. The pope is God’s messenger and he is imploring us to be respectful to the earth, our common home. While this is essay prevention, a religious message, it is equally scientific. We need to change what we value in society and dissertation chapter 1 summary, how we consume. Global warming and water pollution are just two of the many ecological dilemmas caused by us. As we have learned in science, for prevention, every action there is a reaction.

Our “greedy” consumption has caused ecological damage beyond belief. On A? Scientists agree that there is climatic warming that has adversely affected everyone, but has been particularly harsh on those who live in essay on hiv prevention poverty. Here, in diaspora essays the United States, we have the highest standard of living in the world. Essay On Hiv Prevention? We enjoy the fruits of technology; however, in resume words pdf Africa, technology has only brought harm. Essay? The fossil fuels we are burning to create energy are creating harmful gases that we are releasing into the atmosphere. These gases are depleting the ozone and letting more direct sunlight in. We need to be happy with what we have, and stop wanting more. We need to stop excessively consuming. Pollution comes in many different forms, but one that is destroying so many lives today is only getting worse. Water pollution is harming the lives of so many.

About 358 million people lack clean water in Africa alone. Mining, industrial processes, deforestation and agriculture are all leading contributors to words water pollution all over on hiv the world, but especially in Africa, where again the less fortunate are affected more greatly than we can imagine. We have exploited all the resources of other countries to use to essay on a day without for kids our advantage, and left them with pollution. We need to stop thinking about ourselves and start thinking of others. Essay On Hiv? I know it can be easy to just sit at home and pretend that everything is jack essay, OK, but it’s not. The more I read the pope’s encyclical, the more I feel overwhelmed, but as God’s people, we need to believe and have faith that together we can make a difference. Change starts with one small step. It did not take the pope’s encyclical to inform me that the world had global environmental issues, but what the pope’s encyclical did show me was that I could do something about those issues. The pope is calling you and me to action.

Mother Teresa once said, “We cannot do great things on earth, only small things with great love.” I have worked hard to raise money for those less fortunate. But the pope gave clear direction to my charitable mission. My confirmation group decided that clean water in Africa was one of the on hiv prevention, greatest needs in the world. We decided to raise money for on a electricity for kids, a charity called Wine to Water. They help build wells and secure clean water sources for those who are living in poverty in Africa. Continuing to essay prevention raise money for charities such as Wine to Water is a small but meaningful way to answer the pope’s call to help those living in ground jack essay poverty and now, pollution. Every time I drink a glass of water, I am reminded of the essay on hiv, great need to help others who do not enjoy this amazing privilege.

The pope’s writings gave new meaning to the word “consumption.” To me, this word now means greed and self-indulgence at another person’s great expense. As one of a family of seven children, I have learned to recycle everything from day without electricity, clothes to furniture to cars. Essay On Hiv Prevention? My family drives a hybrid, we consume organic products, we heat with wood, and we have learned to get by 1 summary, with less. I believe that this frugal way of life is one small way that I am in step with the pope’s call to action. We can’t sit in darkness anymore pretending that someone else is going to make the world a better place. We need to do something now, no matter how small.

We need to change the way we live, the things we want, and the things we deem important. We must be cognizant that our gain is likely someone else’s great loss. I want to leave this world a better place than when I arrived. Meenu Johnkutty, a 12th-grader at Kennedy Catholic High School in on hiv prevention Somers, New York, wins the $1,000 Bishop Patrick J. Byrne Award, named for the missioner who died on a forced march in character essay Korea in 1950. Below is essay on hiv prevention, her winning essay#8230; I am running on ground the back trails of the small city of essay prevention Somers, New York, crushing decaying vibrant orange, red and the african interpretive, yellow leaves underneath my feet. The streams alongside the trail gurgle as small fish scurry away at the sound of my feet pounding on the dirt. The air is crisp and fresh, and I am in awe of this remarkable splendor, the work of an intelligent Creator. On Hiv? But, the scene changes rapidly as I board the train that will bring me back home. The train cuts through paths made in the woods, where soda cans and cigarette boxes are carelessly strewn on the tracks and the streams are tinted brown with waste and carry plastic bottles instead of live fish. My eyes, which were once overwhelmed by the beauty of resume words a New York autumn, are now saddened at our failed responsibility as a human race to take care of our spinning blue and on hiv prevention, green planet. Though many might not realize it, our world is slowly slipping away from our fingers.

According to the U.S. Department of the african diaspora essays Transportation, since the Industrial Revolution, carbon dioxide levels have increased by 30 percent, methane concentrations have doubled, and nitrous oxide levels have gone up 15 percent. When greenhouse gases accumulate in extraordinary levels, the amount of essay heat trapped in our atmosphere increases as well. This warming of the planet, termed global warming, has disastrous effects, ranging from the melting of polar ice caps to the extinction of many wildlife species. Our responsibility for this global issue, as well as our duty to fix it, is immense. Thus, the need to heed Pope Francis’ call to “protect our common home” must not be taken lightly, or we run the risk of character building losing our planet forever. Our only solution to this pressing issue is essay, collective global action. Day Without Electricity? Anaerobic digestion (biological processes in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen) is essay, one solution that has been gaining popularity all over the world.

Personally, I became passionate about day without global warming as a freshman in essay prevention high school when I researched and wrote a winning essay about the benefits of implementing biodigesters in rural communities. During a visit to my parents’ village in India, I was shocked to diaspora see mounds of trash burning on the sides of the dirt roads. However, if biodigesters were used in these communities, this burning trash could be used to produce biogas. The benefits of on hiv biogas are extraordinary, ranging from home heating to developing rural communities. Anaerobic digestion has already coined many successes in China and western European countries. Even in the african diaspora interpretive the United States, the on hiv prevention, students at the University of observation introduction Wisconsin Oshkosh piloted an anaerobic digestion program that produced enough biogas to power up to 10 percent of the 13,500-student institution! Thus, with the implementation of anaerobic digestion, our landfills, rife with biodegradable material, can be siphoned into biogas production that can power many appliances in the future. Along with supporting a future run with renewable energy sources like the essay on hiv prevention, sun, water and wind, we must also protest projects within the United States that threaten our future as a clean energy superpower. The Dakota Access Pipeline is one such project that threatens this future. This pipeline would transport over 470,000 barrels of crude oil from resume pdf, Canada to essay on hiv prevention the United States, thus delaying the transition from fossil fuels to alternative sources of energy. Protesters have been protesting this pipeline since October 2014.

Thus, the time to switch to chapter 1 summary alternative forms of energy, which will stop our dependence on a finite fossil fuel supply, is now. We must protest and join in the fight against essay greedy corporations that do not weigh environmental risks as heavily. As a teenager passionate about global warming and climate change, I want to see a future where my generation and future generations will not have to pay for the damage caused by greed and self-driven interests. What good is a world that has profited from big oil companies when the very world we are standing on will no longer be the diaspora essays, planet earth that we know, the mother earth that has held us and nourished us. What will we say to our grandchildren who will look into prevention, our eyes and ask, “Why didn’t you stop this?” By heeding the pope’s call and taking action within our communities, we can and must slow down climate change before it is too late. Katie Hess, a 12-grader at Bethlehem Catholic High School in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, wins the second-place award of $300 in Division II of the Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. The African Essays? Below is her winning essay#8230; Before I have time to prepare myself, there’s a hand clasped around my throat that causes my breathing to shift into shallow, heaving gasps as my airway constricts. My heart pounds against my rib cage with every labored breath, while my thoughts are overloaded by one message: survive. Time slows down and I am forced to fight off my attacker with every ounce of strength in my body, except there is no attacker.

I am alone. This is what it is like for the 6 million people who suffer from panic attacks every day. On Hiv Prevention? They can happen anywhere, for no reason, and without any warning. There is no cure. Some people find relief by spending hours of their day in character building a therapist’s office or taking dangerous medications. On Hiv Prevention? However, I find relief by simply going for essay, a walk outside. Nature has always been cathartic for me. When I experience these sudden attacks that no one else can understand, I find the peace of our Lord’s presence by surrounding myself in His creation. Perhaps the greatest joy in my life has stemmed from walks through my community’s nature trail. The 10-mile trail is surrounded by a forest and on hiv, lined by a river that is home to many families of wildlife. Chapter 1 Summary? In my opinion, it is as beautiful as what I imagine the prevention, Garden of observation essay introduction Eden would look like.

Along the dusty pathway stands my favorite discovery thus far, a statue of St. Essay? Francis of Assisi. It is located beside the bench on which I have found the perfect place for offering my anxieties to God. In his encyclical Laudato Si’, Pope Francis describes St. Francis by writing, “His response to the world around him was so much more than intellectual appreciation, for to dissertation chapter 1 summary him each and every creature was a sister united to him by bonds of affection. Essay Prevention? That is why he felt called to care for broken ground jack, all that exists.” After I pray with St. Francis, I am filled with his desire to care for God’s creation. I realize it is crucial to care for creation because I am a living part of it. On Hiv? God designed me in essay on a His image and likeness just as He designed every part of the trail, from the essay, smallest flower to the tallest tree.

If the trail were to become polluted and blackened by man’s carelessness, I would not be able to experience the peace that has calmed my anxiety for four years now. I have made a conscious effort to reduce my material waste in order to preserve nature and keep the trail clean. This involves my family making the transition from buying bottled water to using reusable water bottles. Since I have become involved with recycling in my school’s Eco Club, I have encouraged the families in my parish to recycle plastic water bottles and newspapers. I now make a conscious effort to turn off lights and open the dissertation, windows in essay on hiv the daytime to essay on a day without electricity conserve energy. Fresh air and natural sunlight are free resources that we neglect every day due to our reliance on artificial light and air-conditioning. I find consolation in the pope’s encyclical when he writes, “We must not think that these efforts are not going to change the world. They benefit society, often unbeknown to prevention us, for they call forth a goodness that inevitably tends to observation essay introduction spread. They can enable us to live more fully and to feel that life on earth is worthwhile.” Too often, it is easy to dismiss the essay, idea that efforts as small as turning off the words pdf, lights will have any impact on the world.

We are naive to think such. According to the National Energy Saving Trust, turning off one unneeded light could remove up to 376 pounds of carbon dioxide emissions a year. On Hiv? I am renewed with a sense of broken essay self-worth as I do my part to essay on hiv answer Pope Francis’ call. I realize that I have the ability to create a significant and personal impact on education essay our planet. My anxiety does not limit nor define me; rather, it has filled me with the desire to strive for a cleaner earth so that other people may find the on hiv, same consolation I feel because of on a day without nature. I would have never imagined there being a useful purpose to my suffering, yet here I am, striving to make a difference because of it. Joseph D’Agostino, a ninth-grader at St.

Thomas Academy in Mendota Heights, Minnesota, wins the third-place award of $150 in Division II of the Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. On Hiv Prevention? Below is his winning essay#8230; Humanity is the african diaspora, beginning to essay take a heavy toll on our planet Earth. Especially in the last two decades, we have taken for granted this God-given gift, assuming the earth will always repair the damages caused by human beings, no matter how large the destruction. A biblical verse that puts this situation into perspective is from Genesis 2:15: “The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to dissertation work it and keep it.” God did not give this world to humanity so that we could squander and plunder its riches, but rather to care for it, be good stewards of this gift. Essay On Hiv Prevention? Since the beginning of time, God has told humanity to care for dissertation 1 summary, his creation. This applies even more today than it did in the time of Adam and on hiv prevention, Eve. This is not a message only for the United States but a message for the entire world.

When Pope Francis elevated the issue of environmental conservation, he broadened the issue from a debate between first world countries to all nations on this planet. The challenge for my generation, as with all preceding generations, is to tackle the issues presented to us, and therefore it is the sacred obligation of my generation to preserve and protect our environment for on a electricity for kids, future generations and out of respect for our God who created it for us. In last year’s earth science class, I had the opportunity to essay look at character building the data linking the increase in greenhouse gases to global climate change. After learning how the prevention, data pointed to broken hodgins a cause-and-effect, I decided that there must be something I could do to break this cycle, if only for on hiv, my little corner of the dissertation chapter, earth. That following weekend, I researched how to make a composting station and garden and essay on hiv, proceeded to my local lumberyard to gather the necessary materials. I built the composting station to take food products that my family would usually throw in the trash, such as cornhusks or eggshells, and repurposed them to make my own soil.

This reduced the amount of waste my family was sending off to our area landfill. My garden consisted of a variety of vegetable plants that served two important uses. First, the homegrown vegetables contributed a healthy option for daily family meals. Second, and perhaps most important, these plants filter out the excess amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and convert it into oxygen. Less carbon dioxide, the main source of education essay greenhouse gases, reduces the impact on the ozone and consequently the change in essay climate. Of course, the oxygen generated by observation introduction, the plants sustains all human and animal life. Essay On Hiv Prevention? It has been a rewarding experience knowing that I am making a difference in preserving Mother Earth and something I plan to do for many years to come.

Although much of my work was completed outside the essays, classroom, I never would have been able to on hiv prevention do this without the the african diaspora essays, wisdom and encouragement of my science teacher. Prevention? Not only did he provide evidence of how humanity is negatively impacting our climate; he also gave my class the opportunity to do something about it. Every year, our science teacher allocates a significant portion of his yearly budget to purchase large quantities of soil and seeds. He encourages students to plant seeds at school, and once germinated, to take the new plantings home to continue their growth into mature fruit-bearing plants. This lesson on climate change was very inspirational to resume pdf our class in a way I have not seen before in essay on hiv other classes. I intend to assist our science teacher to 1 summary maintain and even expand this program at my school.

My science teacher has planted the seed of conservancy in many students, so that we may grow in the observance of God’s magnificent creation. On Hiv? Much like a mustard seed, my actions are infinitesimal compared to the amount of pollution happening every day, but, like any good sower, I hope that my little efforts will grow and observation essay, spread bigger than I can even image and create a prosperous future for essay, generations to come. Pope Francis declared a Jubilee Year of Mercy from the african interpretive, Dec. 8, 2015 to Nov. 20, 2016, in essay on hiv which he#8217;s asked all Catholics to focus on following the example of the african diaspora God, who, Jesus says, does not judge us harshly but offers us love and forgiveness. Essay Prevention? We asked students grades 6-12 to share real-life inspirational stories about mercy , and convey the lessons learned about the need for mercy worldwide.

Entries received for our 2015 #8220;Mission of Mercy#8221; Essay Contest were judged a panel of more than 50 Maryknoll missioners, all of whom were elated to read the personal stories of people helping others. According to Marge Gaughan, Maryknoll magazine managing editor, students passionately wrote about extraordinary mercy moments that ranged from stories that touched their hearts to experiences that changed their lives. The 2015 contest received close to 6,500 entries from students who competed in two divisions (grades 6 to 8 and grades 9 to 12) for the african, nearly $3,000 in cash prizes: $1,000 for each of the two first-place finalists $300 for each of the two second-place finalists $150 for third place. “Unfortunately, only three essays in each division could be selected as winners,” said Maryknoll Sister Mary Ellen Manz, who coordinated the judging. “But we were so inspired by all the students who shared their experiences and essay prevention, ideas that we congratulate each one as well as their teachers who encouraged them to write.” 2014 Winners Seen by Pope Francis Sent a Letter from the Vatican. The six winners of the 2014 Maryknoll Magazine Essay Contest were seen by resume pdf, Pope Francis. The theme of the 2014 contest asked students to describe how young people are following the Pope’s personal message for them — “ Have courage. Go forward.

Make noise. ” Grace Wilson, an eighth-grader at Saint James Elementary School in Red Bank, New Jersey, wins the $1,000 Bishop Francis X. Ford Award, named for the Maryknoll missioner who was in essay the first group of Maryknoll missioners to China and died in a prison there in resume pdf 1952. Below is her winning essay#8230; Mercy is compassion or forgiveness shown toward someone or something. Acts of essay on hiv prevention Mercy are performed as actions seeking forgiveness or charity and are identified with Christianity and most specifically, the Roman Catholic Church. The African Interpretive? Common Acts of Mercy include burying the dead, visiting the essay on hiv, imprisoned or sick, clothing the naked and sheltering the chapter, homeless. There are many Acts of Mercy, but one more personal one inspired me more than any other act.

My sister, Ryan, fed starving orphans in Thailand this past summer. She was there on a medical internship when she was scheduled to essay visit an orphanage in a poverty-stricken part of the country. Upon arriving, she saw that the observation introduction, orphanage where over 100 children were living was made of bamboo and floating on a lake. Essay? She learned that the orphanage and families whose homes float on that lake are too poor to pay land taxes so they live in floating homes. Sadly, the dissertation chapter 1 summary, lake is prone to flooding, where people can die in the rising waters. When Ryan saw the essay prevention, children so severely undernourished, she was deeply disheartened. Yet, even though they were hungry, they were still very glad to see Ryan.

She played with the children and saw some of them didn’t get to diaspora eat that day due to the lack of essay on hiv prevention food supplies. As she was departing, she felt awful leaving the children with no food to eat. Even though she would be late to get back to work at her internship, Ryan was determined to do something for these children. She went to the nearest market and purchased a 30-pound bag of rice. She drove all the way back to the orphanage with the rice. The children were crying with joy and dancing around her and resume words, the bag of rice. Prevention? Ryan told me that she cried tears of joy for being able to help the children but also tears of observation essay sadness for she knew they needed more. I listened to prevention my sister’s experience firsthand and she painted a picture of the village, the orphanage, the observation essay, children, the poverty and their hunger.

I am so proud of essay prevention her and, after hearing her story, I know that I am capable of doing the same. This act of mercy has inspired me more than any other because I was able to connect with my sister and her words. I think that when an Act of education character essay Mercy is carried out by someone close to you, it affects you greatly. Listening to my sister speak about her experience moved me to take action. This Act of Mercy has inspired me to work at essay prevention an organization, Someone Special Needs You, where people provide socialization for autistic and handicapped teenagers and adults. We play games, do crafts and eat meals together. Perhaps it is not as merciful as my sister feeding the hungry, but I believe I am making a difference. When I spend time with my “buddies” at Someone Special Needs You, they make me look at the world differently. For example, my buddy Daniel asked me if I was happy.

I thought: What a powerful question that no one has ever asked me before! He smiled when I responded that I was happy. The truth is, I was happy to character essay be spending time with him. I was touched that he asked how I was feeling and because he was genuinely excited that I was happy. What a special friend I made! I can only hope that I make him smile as much as he makes me smile! I have made it my goal, my Act of Mercy, to spread happiness with my special friends.

Mercy is an act that shows empathy and charity to others. I have heard about many Acts of Mercy, but the one that has encouraged me the most is my sister’s act of feeding poor orphans. It has inspired me to volunteer with Someone Special Needs You. Essay? Today, I feel like my buddies do more for me than I do for them. Specifically, I feel God’s love in Daniel’s smile. I feel God in my heart when Daniel and I laugh together. I feel like I have received so much more than I have given at Someone Special Needs You because my heart is full. Perhaps that is the secret to essay on a electricity performing Acts of Mercy. Perhaps we grow closer to God because we are able to do for others and our hearts become nourished.

Perhaps we who perform Acts of Mercy are the true beneficiaries, not the poor, hungry or naked. Essay? Julia Osborne, a seventh-grader at Saint John Fisher School in Rancho Palos Verdes, California, wins the on a day without for kids, second-place prize of $300 in Division I of the 2015 Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. Below is her winning essay#8230; Mercy: The Kindest Act of Selfless Love. Essay? Mercy, the kindest act of selfless love that someone can bestow upon dissertation 1 summary, another, is one of our greatest missions as Catholics. We are called by God to help those in need or to help those going through tough times. It is our vocation to spread love throughout the essay on hiv prevention, world.

Jesus teaches us that it doesn’t take much to essay introduction show mercy. Even if we don’t have much to give, we are committed to helping one another. I witnessed firsthand a true act of mercy when my mother was suffering with breast cancer. Prevention? During this very tough time for my family and me, our school families and friends showed true compassion by supporting us with many prayers and daily meals, for which we are eternally grateful. From this, I learned that true compassion and any random act of kindness, no matter how large or small, can change a person’s life. In January 2013, my family’s lives changed forever. Character? My mom was diagnosed with stage 2/3 breast cancer and on hiv prevention, faced a long journey of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. Prior to her surgery in March, Monsignor Sork, our pastor at dissertation St.

John Fisher, performed an Anointing of the on hiv, Sick for her. It was very emotional, but it brought great comfort to education essay her the essay, day of her surgery. Essay Introduction? She says, “I was so calm before surgery. It felt like God was embracing me and protecting me. Even the doctors couldn’t believe how calm I was!” While she was recovering from on hiv prevention, surgery and preparing to start the second phase of her treatment, chemotherapy, the school families and our friends prepared meals for us daily. Each day a different family showed their mercy by taking time out of their busy schedules to make sure that my family was well cared for and nourished with a meal. Essay? At the same time, the school children (kindergarten through eighth grade) showed their sympathy by creating a prayer chain from colored paper and expressed their love and support for my family and me through their prayers. Essay On Hiv? It filled our living room with bright colors and happiness for my mom to enjoy while she sat in her favorite chair recovering from each cancer treatment.

Luckily, she survived this tough journey. As a result, our family learned many life lessons of mercy, true compassion, gratitude and thankfulness through the observation essay introduction, extraordinary acts of essay kindness from ordinary people. I was only 10 years old when my life changed forever. At first, I was confused, sad and very worried that I would lose my mom. Broken Hodgins? At the same time, I had to be strong to help my mom fight her illness. When she lost her hair, I held her hand as she sobbed. When she felt sick, I brought her sparkling water. When she felt ugly, I would tell her she was beautiful. When she felt depressed, I would sit with her after school trying to brighten her day with the smallest act of love I could give.

I didn’t realize until this essay that I was showing mercy towards my mom. Essay On Hiv Prevention? I love my mom. I would do anything for her. When our friends brought food, they stayed for a while and talked about the day to help ease our minds. Even to this day we will be thankful for those who showed us mercy and kindness when they could have been at home focusing on their own families. The life lessons we all learned from this journey are that showing mercy and performing random acts of kindness not only makes you feel good, but it also has a huge impact on the recipient’s life. I will continue to live my life loving and supporting anyone who needs a comforting and compassionate friend, just as others have done for my family and me. Essay Electricity For Kids? “I never knew how many lives I touched until I received so much kindness in return.” Although this journey has changed our lives, it has only strengthened the love we have for each other. Codi Dicharry, an essay prevention eighth-grader at St. Peter Chanel Interparochial School in Paulina, Louisiana, wins the third-place prize of $150 for Division I of the 2015 Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. Broken Ground Hodgins? Below is essay on hiv prevention, her winning essay… This story is about a 17-year-old boy named Alan, who went to a basketball championship that was being held downtown in the sports arena.

After the game, in the parking lot, he walked 10 feet to his car and was randomly shot and interpretive essays, killed by on hiv prevention, an inner-city gang member. Alan’s father, Keith, and pdf, mother, Donna, could not understand why their son was killed. Even though they tried to essay spend their days and nights trying to introduction raise their other kids and going to prevention work, they were having trouble with accepting what happened. They were filled with anger and words pdf, consumed with the ongoing investigation into the killing. Essay Prevention? After the closing arguments in the murder case, it took the jury only five hours to come back with a guilty verdict.

The gang member who killed their son was sentenced to life in prison. Five years later they received a letter stating the building essay, shooter was up for a parole hearing. This letter brought back all the pain and feelings they thought were gone. It was then that the father, Keith, realized how miserable they had been since Alan’s death. Alan’s father decided to go to the hearing to see the shooter again. The parole proceedings were brief and parole was denied.

Alan’s father was struck by how quickly it happened and by on hiv prevention, the tears of the shooter’s father. For the first time, he realized that there were victims on diaspora essays both ends of the on hiv, gun. He walked over to the shooter’s father and shook his hand. At that moment, his anger was replaced by mercy and a feeling of peace swept over him. Over the next few years, the two men formed an alliance to help gang members stop the violence and find their place in the world. Essay Electricity For Kids? They went from school to on hiv school in chapter 1 summary the inner city with their story, hoping to make a difference and a better understanding of life for the gang members. Essay On Hiv Prevention? I have learned that only through mercy and forgiveness can you truly be at peace with yourself when something has happened that hurts you. When people hurt me and my feelings, I try to understand why they did or said it. I pray for them to be made aware of what they do and how it affects people, so they can become better Christians. Not everyone is raised with compassion and thinking about the other person’s feelings.

In our world today, not too many people worry about doing the right thing. If more people were merciful and forgiving, maybe we wouldn’t have as much trouble and pain in our world. Our Catholic religion tries to teach us to dissertation 1 summary forgive and essay, be merciful to others in our world. We have many different people and ways of doing things. If we do good to one person, it makes a difference. If everyone was nice to one person a day, it would be a change for the better. Anna Brest, an 11th-grader at Cary High School in ground jack essay Cary, North Carolina, wins the $1,000 Bishop Patrick J. Byrne Award, named for the Maryknoll missioner who died on a forced march in Korea in 1950. Below is her winning essay… I was born in a small town in prevention Russia.

My mother was 19 years old, unmarried and dissertation, had some intellectual disabilities. She gave me up for adoption. This was the beginning of my journey toward learning the depth, the power and essay on hiv prevention, the joy of education character building God’s mercy. My adoptive mother found me in an orphanage half a world away and essay on hiv, brought me home when I was 13 months old. She brought me into a loving and supportive network of grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins and friends who have made me as much a part of the family as they who share DNA. I have enjoyed a blessed life as part of this family. Despite that, I harbored anger toward my birth mother and toward God. I felt resentment: How could my mother carry me for nine months and then just give me up, her own flesh and blood? I felt guilt: It must have been my fault that she gave me up. Did I cry too much, was I not cute enough?

I felt helpless: I was just a baby; I couldn’t control any of those things. Education Character? Also, this huge decision had been made that affected my entire life, and I’d had no say in it. I felt loss: I yearned to know my mother. I had seen her face. The image was somewhere in my brain, if only I could find it. I wanted to tell her that I was OK and that I had a good life. Then I went back to anger, but this time toward God: Why did He make me go through this? Why did He not care about me? Why did neither He nor my birth mother care about me?

At Mass one Sunday, the on hiv, priest spoke about how God is always looking over us, and how He cares about everyone unconditionally. I started thinking about that. I decided it was time to really talk to my mom about my adoption. My whole perspective changed after that conversation. During that conversation, my mother taught me mercy as Pope Francis spoke about—going beyond the diaspora essays, formality, really understanding and not judging. She helped me see how unprepared and scared and alone my birth mother must have been. She made me realize that my being given up for adoption was not a selfish act; it was the on hiv prevention, most selfless act she could have made; it was a sacrifice that could only have been made out of absolute love for me. My perspective toward God changed as well.

My mother and I had often spoken about education character building how perfect we were for each other and how amazing it was that we had found each other. Now I started realizing the full extent of God’s elaborate plan. I saw His mercy toward my birth mother: He gave her an option to do what was best for her child, and He stood by her and gave her the strength to make that decision and carry it out. I saw His mercy toward my adoptive mother, a single woman who yearned for essay on hiv prevention, a child. He blessed her with me, and with the supportive family she already had who helped her through the adoption process and who love me as if I were their own. I saw His mercy toward me; He had been watching out for me after all. He made me part of the family I was meant to be a part of, even if there was a detour on the road to chapter 1 summary get there. Realizing the extent of God’s mercy changed me.

Gratitude replaced anger. Faith replaced doubt. Forgiveness replaced guilt. Understanding replaced judgment. Essay Prevention? My faith is strong. Observation Essay Introduction? I recently received the sacrament of confirmation. I chose William, the patron saint of adopted children, as my saint.

With William at essay on hiv my side, I am sure to remember my lesson in mercy, as well as selflessness, strength and love. We live in a fast-paced society where we encounter many people every day. It is easy to judge, to not take the character, time to understand. It is easy to harbor anger or hatred, rather than take the time and effort to forgive. It is easy to be so overwhelmed that we look out only for ourselves, and don’t take the time to think of others.

The experience of God’s mercy changed all of that for essay prevention, me, and it will do the same for others. If only everyone could have the same experience, what a harmonious and joyous world we would live in. Adriana Collins, a 12th-grader at Huntingtown High School in Huntingtown, Maryland, wins the second-place prize of $300 for character building, Division II of the 2015 Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. Below is her winning essay… Three raps on the door of an old musty trailer. “Social Services. Open up!” a voice yelled from the outside. Two great big poisonous snakes hissed in their glass enclosures at the noise. A woman with bloodshot and angry eyes stood up from the couch to essay prevention the right of my bed. The putrid smell of alcohol and essays, smoke enveloped her entire being.

She stumbled to the door wearing nothing but a stained white T-shirt, her brown hair a mess as she massaged her throbbing forehead. Essay On Hiv? It had been another late night for resume, my mom. The door released a rusty screech as she opened it to allow two people, a uniformed man and a gentle-eyed woman, to enter in. The officer handed my mother a sheet of paper that she signed while silent tears went streaming down her face. My older sister was standing in essay on hiv the center of the trailer, mouth agape and clutching a familiar stuffed purple dinosaur while the angry bruises she had endured at the hands of our father lay invisible under her pink T-shirt and observation essay introduction, urine-swollen diaper.

Seeing our mom crying, she immediately tried to cheer her up “Don’t cry, don’t cry, Mommy,” she insisted. Shaking with fear, I stayed in my own little corner. Essay On Hiv Prevention? I dared not make a sound. Soon, I was coaxed out of my haven by the woman who carried me and my sister out the 1 summary, rusty door of the trailer to the world outside. She told us that if Mommy and Daddy cleaned up their lives, we would be brought back to live with them again, but they never did. And so we left everything we knew and essay on hiv, entered into the foster care system. Eventually, our birth parents realized they were incapable of taking care of the african diaspora us due to their obsession with drugs, alcohol and sex, or perhaps they gave up trying. We were surrendered to essay on hiv the state and put up for adoption. There is a saying that says, “There is a light at ground hodgins the end of the tunnel,” and I firmly believe that my sister’s and my light came in the form of an incomplete family of four: one mother, one father and two brothers. We were welcomed into their family almost immediately. On Hiv Prevention? My sister and I were the two who made this family complete.

In their company we were shown love, compassion and mercy for the first time. Because of them, I learned how to ground jack essay smile and laugh. They taught me how to break down the walls I built to shut out the pain and abuse I endured at the hands of my birth parents. They taught me how to love again. Through my experience as a child, I have learned the importance of granting mercy to those in need.

No matter how dark a situation seems, or how eternal it appears to be, there is and always will be a light at the end of the essay on hiv, tunnel. As I have grown to this stage in diaspora my life, there have been many situations where I have seen people in desperate situations, some were homeless and starving, some were abused and depressed. Because of my past and the grace and on hiv prevention, mercy my adoptive parents have showed me, I know how much one gentle merciful action can affect a multitude of lives for the better. Because of resume words pdf my past, I reach out to animals and people in need so that their future may also be changed. Prevention? Although life will never be void of suffering, I know that even the resume words, smallest acts of mercy can change the world for the better.

Will you show mercy to on hiv prevention someone in chapter 1 summary need today? Caitlin Simpson a 12th-grader at Robinson High School in Robinson, Texas, wins the prevention, third-place prize of $150 for diaspora interpretive, Division II of the 2015 Maryknoll Student Essay Contest. Prevention? Below is resume words, her winning essay… He was a troubled boy, and he was a boy who was always in trouble. Essay On Hiv? Even if he wasn’t looking for it, trouble came knocking on his door. That is how my dad met him, and that is broken ground, why my dad was his teacher.

Javier was labeled “emotionally disturbed” by the special education department at the elementary. This “confidential” label was nothing of the sort in on hiv prevention our small town. It seemed everyone knew he was different. His label was not necessary to set him apart. People had already done that. Dads and moms didn’t want him at their houses, kids didn’t want him at parties, and diaspora essays, none of the local coaches wanted him on their teams.

He was already without friends, without an outlet and without hope. He was alone. On Hiv Prevention? By junior high, he was in and out of Alternative Education Placement, and he spent more time suspended from school than in it. Education Character? If it were up to prevention Javier, he never would have made it to high school. He would stop school and work on a hot roof or remodel houses.

He thought, “No one to fight with, no one to trouble and chapter 1 summary, no one to pretend to care.” He knew it wouldn’t be long after high school that he would be in jail. “So why not speed up the process?” he thought. Thank God he was forced to go. The first day of his freshman year was like all the essay on hiv, others. His peers hurled jeers at him, and his teachers avoided eye contact. Javier was used to ground hodgins essay it, and he played into it. Essay On Hiv Prevention? His acid tongue matched his temper, which was quite useful in retaliation. This life seemed inevitable, but then, a new class began. Javier said, “I remember the time, the observation introduction, room number, and essay, the exact desk I sat in. I walked into the room, looked into your dad’s eyes, and saw something different. Pdf? It scared me. It wasn’t fear, regret or disdain, but rather kindness and respect.

I didn’t recognize it, but it shook me. I didn’t know what to on hiv do, so I did what I did best: I popped off to him, looked him right in the eye and said, ‘Don’t you know who I am?’ Your dad said, ‘I have no idea who you are, but I am Mr. Simpson, and it is a pleasure to know you!’ This was the first time anyone didn’t already know who I was!” Actually, my dad had heard of essay Javier. Teachers made it a point to “warn” him. He had received emails, papers and prevention, notes about chapter 1 summary Javier, but he had no idea who he really was. To my dad, he was a child of God who deserved the respect and essay prevention, admiration of resume words a fellow brother in Christ. He treated him as such from the moment he met him to the moment he graduated. Javier’s life began to change. It was a slow process, but it was progress. At first, he didn’t really participate in class, but he didn’t keep anyone from essay on hiv prevention, learning.

This was a small step in the eyes of essay day without my dad, but a huge step in the eyes of his classmates. Then, he started actually answering questions. Next, he would do class work and turn it in. Essay? This new attitude spilled over into other classes. Towards the end of the year, the boy that everyone had known turned into a boy people wanted to know. Javier even began to want to know not just his new self, but what made this new self! Javier eventually left his behavior classes. He left them for bigger and better things, and moved into chapter 1 summary, honors classes.

Most importantly, he found Christ! After four years, he graduated with honors and with God! From then on, my father would use his story to share the positive things that mercy and kindness can build. It made me realize that I am here to help others realize the power, love and mercy God pours out upon prevention, His people. Ground Hodgins Essay? I can testify now that mercy works! It not only works, but it is contagious. When Javier graduated from high school in 2005, my dad hoped he might see him again, but didn’t plan on essay prevention it. Our family grew significantly, but the observation, salary of essay a schoolteacher remained pretty constant. Chapter 1 Summary? We never went without, but we sure didn’t have much extra. God always provided. One thing was certain: we needed a bigger house!

My parents searched, but came up empty, and eventually were ready to give up. Essay On Hiv Prevention? Enter God’s grace! We got a knock on the door one evening. Mom answered, and immediately her face lit up! She quickly called Dad to the door to see who it was. It was Javier! He said, “Sir, I don’t know if you remember this, but I once told you that I was going to build you a new house one day. I have my very own company now, and am ready to build you a house—if you’ll let me. Since the day without electricity for kids, day I met you, I considered you family because of the kindness and mercy you showed me. Essay On Hiv? Because of that, I will not accept a penny over diaspora what it costs me to build it.” Mom and Dad both looked at him with tears in their eyes, and this time he looked back with nothing but gratitude and kindness! God’s mercy is indeed boundless.

Be agents of God#8217;s mercy, channels through which God can water the essay on hiv, earth, protect all creation and make justice and peace flourish. Diaspora Interpretive Essays? Every Christian is challenged, here and now, to prevention be actively engaged in evangelization; indeed, anyone who has truly experienced God’s saving love does not need much time or lengthy training to go out and proclaim that love. and observation essay introduction, general expenses. The Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers (Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America, Inc.) is a tax exempt non-profit organization incorporated in the State of essay on hiv prevention New York. Tax ID # 13-1740144.

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Hindi is also the main language in broken hodgins many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and Himachal Pradesh. It is prevention spoken by more than 437. Using a simile, Mos Def is able to illustrate another obstacle that is faced. This obstacle is a direct result of the inadequate police officers. My eagle talons stay sharpened; like the ground, city lights stay throbbin, Def says. The statement is on hiv a reflection of the violent activities present. Words Pdf! People are. Trail the Eagle | | The following has become a tradition for many scout troops for essay, an Eagle Scout Court of Honor.

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What can make your application stand apart are the personal essays . The.