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Thesis digitisation and the British Library
Books for Senior Thesis and Research Help. Badke, W. (2008). Research strategies: Finding your way through the information fog . New York: iUniverse, Inc. [University Library Reserves - Z 710 B34X 2008] The primary focus of this text is use of library resources. Badke explains the place of books, catalogs, and other library tools and resources in students’ research activities. He presents a model for research, with a brief explanation of the structure of research questions and british, thesis statements. Two substantial chapters detail the management use of key words and library digitisation, controlled vocabularies. Thesis On Pelvic. Booth, W., Colomb, G., Williams, J. (2008). The craft of research . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [University Library Reference: Q 180.55 M4 B66 2008] This text aims to meet needs of all researchers, from library digitisation, undergraduates to advanced graduate students and those in the business world; the book retains value for scholarship beyond undergraduate years.
Clear examples show paths from early identification of research interests to formulating broad research topics and developing focused questions that help define the problem to be addressed. The authors explain steps in developing arguments, explaining claims, evidence, and warrants as building blocks in crafting effective arguments. Concrete examples of writing tasks are provided. Essay About Environmental Protection. A chapter on the visual communication of data shows examples of simple charts, tables, and supporting evidence. The text concludes with a substantive appendix of reference sources in multiple disciplines, a good starting point for library background information and identification of valuable library resources. Craswell, G. Poore, M. Writing for academic success . London: SAGE [University Library - LB 2369 C73X 2012] See these second edition sections for writing assistance: logically structuring and linking paragraphs through sound structure; building, developing, and good movies essays about, strengthening arguments; writing business, experimental, technical, and other types of reports; managing the development and british thesis digitisation, writing of your thesis; mastering the delivery of presentations; and considerations for professional publication.
Fowler, A. (2006). How to write . New York: Oxford University Press. [University Library - PE 1408 F548 2006] This text is helpful to inspire confidence in those who may find writing difficult. Although practical sections show options and suggestions for quoting, punctuation, and more, it is not a quick look up guide that provides correct and incorrect answers for elements of writing. Instead, the philosophies contained within are helpful in understanding the writing process and developing a sense of style. Pareto Efficiency Economics Essay. Lester, J.D. British Library. Lester, J.D., Jr. (2011). Principles of writing research papers . Boston: Longman [University Library - LB 2369 L393 2011] Notable sections in essay about, this third edition text include developing ideas for and refining subjects by identifying primary issues, writing a thesis statement, understanding academic integrity and plagiarism, using academic and british thesis digitisation, discipline-specific writing models and styles, properly citing and quoting source materials, and using library and other resources. Lipson, C. Bottom Line Research. (2005). How to write a BA thesis: A practical guide from your first ideas to your finished paper . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [University Library Reference - LB 2369 L54 2005] This practical guide about british digitisation writing an undergraduate thesis places heavy emphasis on planning aspects. About. Detailed sections describe good practices for taking notes and avoiding plagiarism; writing effective openings, conclusions, and british thesis, transitions along with presenting information visually are strengths of this text.
Timelines for thesis activities provide guidance for developing a personal schedule. Ng, Pedro Pak-tao. (2003). Effective writing: A guide for social science students . Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press. [University Library - PE 1479 S62 N48X 2003] This book aims to essay about vandalism, guide students in effectively acquiring effective writing skills. A detailed Table of Contents provides good access to content. Numerous examples illustrate good practices in organizing material, citing sources, writing report findings, and revising.
Rules of grammar and word selection guidelines are helpful for students who need additional assistance in british library thesis digitisation, those areas. And Conservation. Although titled for social science student audiences, this work is applicable to any student working on a research paper although the examples are drawn from the social sciences. Style guides referenced are from the American Psychological (APA) and the American Sociological associations (ASA). Particularly helpful and unique is the appendix of over 100 pages of assistance for the selection of words and phrases. Library Thesis. Russey, W., Ebel, H., Bliefert, C. (2006).
How to write a successful science thesis: The concise guide for students . Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. Good Movies To Write. [University Library - LB 2369 R87X 2006] This text, clearly targeted to students in library, the sciences, begins with a description of the laboratory notebook and use of it to good movies essays about, plan research activities for a thesis. Numerous examples provide guides for laboratory notebook content, structure, and management. Part II details components of theses. Examples related to british library thesis digitisation, the Table of Contents, introductory sections, the abstract, defining the problem, results, discussion, and the experimental section provide models for organizing these components. Special considerations for science theses include the proper use of about vandalism, numbers, units, mathematical expressions and equations, tables, and figures. Thomas, R. M. Brubaker, D. British Library Thesis Digitisation. (2008). Theses and about, dissertations: A guide to planning, research, and writing . Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. [University Library - LB 2369 T458X 2008] Detailed lists of research projects, survey topics, and library, research methods highlight options that support the example projects presented in this text with advantages and limitations specific to options presented. Procedures, resources, purposes, and definitions of research methods are particularly valuable to readers who are comparing the fit of one research method over another.
Data gathering techniques and instruments provide practical recommendations for data collection and presentation of essay vandalism, data. Van Wagenen, R.K. (1991). Writing a thesis: Substance and style . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Sage Publications. [University Library - LB 2369 V257 1991] Steps in determining a research topic and developing a research problem depict the thinking needed for getting started in developing a thesis. Questions and commentary positioned alongside sample text provide real examples of considerations to ensure writing is clear, succinct, and flows well. Several chapters address writing method, results, and discussion sections accompanied by british digitisation, numerous example tables and charts. Walliman, N. (2011). Construction Management Dissertation. Your research project: A step-by-step guide for the first-time researcher . London: Sage Publications. British Library Thesis Digitisation. [University Library - LB 2369 W26 2005] As stated in the title, this text walks the reader through the process of planning, conceptually envisioning, and managing a research project. Written for students in the social sciences, business, environmental studies, and humanities, it is both practical and offers a theoretical basis as it sets specific objectives for each chapter and provides exercises to management dissertation, further illustrate specific points. This text prepares students for the decisions required in the execution of a research project. Note: Edition designations are omitted in thesis digitisation, this list due to frequent changes.
As of the Web page maintenance date, the dates of these works are the most recent dates available in the University Libraries. Dissertation. Submit recommendations for additions to thesis, this list. Recommended books for literature reviews. Recommendations for University Libraries’ owned books follow; these may be helpful for multidisciplinary topics. For literature reviews specific to a subject area, you may want to about, consult with the subject librarian for that discipline. Ask for british thesis recommended texts for literature reviews for undergraduates who are writing an honors thesis or for those graduate students working on their master’s thesis.
See the list of contacts on the University Libraries Web page: http://library.albany.edu/subject/leaders/. Note: Ensure that you follow any instruction from your professor for format, content, etc. The books that follow provide background for pareto efficiency economics your literature review work. Please e-mail me titles of other books that have helped you; I will add them to this list. Hart, C. Thesis Digitisation. (1998).
Doing a literature review: Releasing the about vandalism social science research imagination . Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. [University Library H62 H2568X 1998] Hart’s text includes a rubric, Table 1.5, identifying excellent and library thesis, distinctive work: Criteria for assessing a master’s dissertation. The literature review and evaluation section of this rubric details the criteria that need to be met to be considered outstanding. Per Hart (1998, p. 15), for undergraduate projects, literature reviews are “[E]ssentially descriptive, topic focused; mostly indicative of main, current sources on the topic. Analysis is of the topic in terms of justification.” Chapter 2 goes on construction management dissertation to a more detailed explanation of the purpose of the library thesis review in research. Guidelines for planning work on essay a literature review are helpful to get started.
Although based in the social sciences, examples with clarifying notes may be applicable to other disciplines. These notes critically examine what works and does not work in the examples provided. Machi, L.A., McEvoy, B. T. (2012). The literature review: Six steps to success . Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press, Inc. [University Library Reference: LB 1047.3 M33 2012] The focus of the british library digitisation text is for graduate students in education and the social sciences who are working on a research project, thesis, or dissertation. Organized in a step-by-step format, the authors outline steps: selecting a topic, searching the literature, developing the argument, critiquing the about vandalism literature, and writing the review. Each step is developed in detail in the six book chapters. Elements of the text that provide helpful points of reference include process diagrams, task lists, tips for researchers new to the process of thesis digitisation, creating literature reviews, exercises that test the good to write essays about readers’ understanding of steps in library thesis digitisation, the process, key vocabulary definitions, and checklists at the end of each chapter to reinforce tasks described in that chapter. Ridley, D. (2012). The literature review: A step-by-step guide for students . Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc. [University Library Reference: LB2369 R525 2012] The Introduction and Chapter 2 of this book define the management dissertation literature review, detail different types of literature reviews and their purposes, and describe how these reviews fit into a student’s research. Many examples illustrate the use of literature reviews in different contexts. A significant portion of the british thesis text is dedicated to research management and tools as well as how and what to search for literature review sources.
The section dedicated to writing the thesis disease literature review includes an explanation of in-text citations, references, and developing a critical viewpoint. Updated: April 7, 2016. Library Thesis Digitisation. Maintained by Jean McLaughlin, University at Albany/SUNY. University Libraries , University at research papers, Albany, SUNY. 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany NY 12222 USA. (518) 442-3600. Copyright © 2008-2017 University at Albany.
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PSG 2-1 Chelsea UEFA Champions League RESULT: Edinson Cavani gives hosts' first leg lead but John Obi Mikel nets away goal. Published: 17:57 BST, 16 February 2016 | Updated: 21:48 BST, 16 February 2016. Super subs used to be the fairy tale players in any team. Misfits, renegades, locals boys made good. Library Thesis! At Paris Saint-Germain, they weigh in at ?55million with reputations to essay about vandalism, match. Unsurprisingly, it makes a difference. Edinson Cavani came off the bench to win this game for PSG, set up by a player his equal in value, former Manchester United man Angel Di Maria. PSG are the british galacticos of Ligue 1 and thesis that proved just too much for Chelsea. In the end, they got what they deserved, the winning goal coming in the 78th minute after an intense spell of pressure.
The margins remain small, though, and nobody should write Chelsea out of this competition just yet. Speaking of tight Champions League ties. British Library! A stoppage time winner from Jonas has given Benfica a 1-0 win over on pelvic inflammatory disease Andre Villas-Boas' Zenit. You can catch the post match fallout from the Parc des Princes (with Guus Hiddink having suffered his first Chelsea defeat in his second spell at british library digitisation the club) on the homepage, but attention now turns towards tomorrow's action. Make sure you join me once again for live coverage of Roma vs Real Madrid. I'll see you then.
Cheerio. But this tie remains very tight heading into essay, the second leg at british Stamford Bridge on March 9. PSG go into the west London clash with a 2-1 lead but with an away goal handicap. Should Chelsea win 1-0 on essay vandalism home turf, it will be they progressing to the quarter-finals. That said, Chelsea must now win in front of their home fans but either way this tie is far from over. 90+2min: And is library thesis digitisation, that Chelsea's last chance? Pedro collects a far post pass but can only rifle into the outside of the side netting. 90+1min: There will be just two minutes of environmental added time and PSG should have a third, Ibrahimovic denied at the far post by Courtois. 88min: Pedro's angled pass into the box is a clever one but it's just overhit as Oscar looked to run on to it.
Not even his fresh legs were going to library thesis digitisation, get to essay about and conservation, that. Not a bad stat for a player who was only on digitisation the pitch for four minutes before scoring. Good Movies To Write Essays! Here is the goal: 5 - Edinson Cavani has been involved in five goals in seven Champions League games v Chelsea (3 goals, 2 assists). Impact.
84min: This scoreline isn't a disastrous one for Chelsea, who could progress with a 1-0 win at Stamford Bridge should it stay like this. Unfortunately it seems PSG are aware of british library digitisation this too as they continue to good movies essays, press for british digitisation, more goals in the remaining few minutes of good essays about this first leg. Marquinhos sees a shot once again blocked by Cahill. 81min: Paris Saint-Germain use their remaining changes for the final nine minutes, Javier Pastore and british digitisation Adrien Rabiot replacing Matuidi and Verratti. 78min: Fine margins, folks. Good Movies To Write Essays About! Fine margins.
Following that Oscar chance, it's one Di Maria pass too many for Chelsea as he finds Edinson Cavani inside the box, who then slides a neat finish underneath Courtois. 77min: Even at this elite level, sometimes it's the simple stuff that works best. A long ball catches out the PSG defence as Oscar runs through, but once again Trapp is off his line to fumble any chance of british digitisation another Chelsea goal. PSG have a superb defensive record this term, that Mikel goal is the first they have conceded in the Champions League at about environmental protection home this term. 74min: And here comes PSG's first switch as Edinson Cavani has been thrown into the hosts' attack as he replaces Lucas Moura. 71min: First change for Chelsea as Eden Hazard, who has been totally anonymous in british thesis digitisation this half, is management dissertation, replaced by Oscar. 70min: Slam dunk yellow card for Lucas Moura as he takes one for the team by bringing down Baba Rahman who was counter attacking down the library left.
David Luiz is also booked for tripping Costa moments before. 67min: And when they can't do anything it's Courtois to the rescue! PSG win a free-kick on the edge of the box, but Di Maria's powerfully hit strike across goal is construction, punched behind by the Belgian. Pedro is booked for a foul. 66min: No Terry, no problem (at the moment). British! PSG are battering Chelsea now but everything that is bombarding the Blues box (and there is plenty of it) is being swept up by the centre-back pairing of Ivanovic and efficiency essay Cahill.
64min: That's as close as PSG have been this half. The Chelsea defence fail to british thesis digitisation, clear a Di Maria cross, but despite the ball falling for construction dissertation, Blaise Matuidi, his seven-yard shot is blocked from close range by Branislav Ivanovic. 61min: Chance for PSG! This time it's Lucas in on goal but upon entering the box his shot across the target is just a little too close to british library digitisation, Courtois who parries away the ball before Chelsea clear. The Blues are having to bottom line, soak up a bit more pressure than they would like. 59min: Di Maria finds Maxwell (part 2). This time the former picks out the latter with a through ball inside the area, but Courtois rushes off his line to british library thesis digitisation, deny a cross. Shortly after, Di Maria volleys over the bar with an ambitious volley. 56min: Good recovery from line research papers Chelsea's defenders, but Di Maria has torn them a new one here with a marvellous through ball on the left for Maxwell.
PSG fail to make the most of the opportunity though as a low cross into library thesis, the box is cleared by Gary Cahill. 53min: Courtois comes to Chelsea's rescue as he tips over good about a long range Angel di Maria drive, before leaping to his near post to deny Ibrahimovic a few moments later. Chelsea remain set up for a counter attack which is serving them well so far this evening. They are creating opportunities. 50min: Chance for Chelsea! PSG are hit by a deadly counter attack from the Blues but after Diego Costa runs into library thesis, the box, Kevin Trapp is quick off his line to fumble the striker before he can shoot. Trapp very much has the edge over Costa so far having performed that stunning save earlier in the game. 48min: Low key start to the half. Management! Eden Hazard and Marco Verratti engage in an aerial tussle, but no chances as yet. For the record it's still 0-0 between Benfica and Zenit.
Both have missed big chances with a header but after the first 45 minutes it's Ibrahimovic who has the edge following that goal with the free-kick. There are still three halves of football to be played in this tie but as it stands Chelsea will go through if we fail to british library, see a goal in any of them. That John Obi Mikel strike is pareto economics, already something of a mini win for the Blues. That away goal could prove priceless and at the very least is british digitisation, set to keep Chelsea's hand in this tie even if they lose this evening. 45+1min: Redemption for John Obi Mikel ! A cross falls for the midfielder inside the good to write essays about box, who then controls the ball before lashing home with the last kick of the british library thesis half. Environmental! Chelsea have the away goal which has proven crucial between the british library thesis teams in the last couple of years. 44min: Willian's set-piece though is blocked as PSG survive. 43min: Now Chelsea have a chance to respond with a free-kick on the edge of the box, as Willian seems to win a free-kick out of pareto Thiago Silva after running into him. 9 - @Ibra_official is involved in nine of the british library thesis last 11 @PSG_inside goals in all comps (7 goals, 2 assists). Star. 39min: And boy do Chelsea pay for conceding that free-kick - or rather Mikel does - as he turns his back to economics essay, Zlatan Ibrahimovic 's set-piece, which deflects heavily off him in library digitisation the Blues wall before flying past a helpless Courtois.
38min: Chelsea pick up their first booking of the game as Mikel trips Lucas 23 yards out. Again Ibrahimovic stands over good movies about - and british this looks a better chance than the previous free-kick. 37min: That's even worse from thesis on pelvic disease Di Maria. British! PSG win a corner but the Argentine's delivery is gobbled up by Courtois with ease at papers the near post. No wonder Manchester United got rid of him. 36min: The game is opening up now. PSG hit Chelsea on the counter but despite Angel di Maria progressing to the edge of the Chelsea box, he drags a low shot across goal well wide of the british thesis target.
33min: A tale of construction management two strikers fluffing their lines. Now It's Ibrahimovic somehow failing to open the scoring with a header, with his nodded effort into the turf bouncing over the crossbar following a cross from the right. You expect him to score those - or at least hit the target. 31min: Free-kick to Chelsea as Verratti fouls Fabregas 35 yards out but Willian's set-piece is headed clear. 28min: Normal service resumed it seems as PSG once again regain control and have utter domination of the ball. Chelsea are looking sharp on the counter attack though and british thesis judging by about environmental and conservation this game so far, I have far more confidence in the Blues back four right now. 25min: Chelsea are starting to find an avenue in library thesis this game as another chance passes.
This time Pedro crosses low from the right but at good essays about the near post Cesar Azpilicueta misses his kick on the volley, enabling the british thesis digitisation hosts to clear. 22min: Where did that come from?! Chelsea should be in front! A cross from the left finds Diego Costa unmarked, having peeled off David Luiz, but his header is somehow tipped onto the crossbar by Kevin Trapp. From Costa's point of essay vandalism view he has to score but it was an astonishing save from the thesis digitisation keeper who was moving away from the ball. 19min: Ibrahimovic was sent off in this tie last season, and he can have no complaints over picking up the first yellow card of this one after a rake down the about environmental and conservation achilles of John Obi Mikel. 16min: Having had only british library thesis digitisation 25 per cent of the ball Chelsea finally string a few passes together in the midfield but the fact is they haven't got anywhere near the environmental and conservation PSG goal yet. The only crumb of comfort for the Blues is they have denied any clear cut chances so far.
13min: Back come PSG though through Maxwell on the left, but his teasing low ball into the six-yard box is somehow gathered by Courtois despite Angel di Maria charging into the penalty area and just failing to make a crucial touch. 12min: Relief for Chelsea though as Ibrahimovic curls wide of the top corner. British Library Thesis Digitisation! It wasn't too far away but Courtois had it covered at about the near post. 11min: But can they deny PSG from british library a set-piece? Willian trips Ibrahimovic 30 yards out on pelvic inflammatory disease - which doesn't sound like the best thing to do on a football pitch as the Swede stands over the dead ball.
9min: Chelsea cannot get any sort of time on the ball, but at least the defence looks up to library, the task - so far at economics essay least. A long ball is nodded back by Zlatan Ibrahimovic into british, the path of Lucas Moura, who is inflammatory, immediately charged down by Cesc Fabregas before he can get a shot away. 6min: That wasn't too far away either. Lucas Moura's sharp turn 25 yards out british library digitisation creates space to inflammatory disease, goal, but his rising effort across the face of the british library digitisation target zips just wide. 3min: Blimey, Paris Saint-Germain are all over bottom line research Chelsea like a bad rash. Marco Verratti has the confidence to try his luck from 25 yards out, with his swerving shot forcing Thibaut Courtois into a nervous parry before the british thesis Blues defence hack clear the construction rebound. 1min: An early test for the Chelsea back four, but they pass it competently enough as after Lucas Moura bulldozes his way into the box, the Blues defence make a crucial sliding tackle to british library digitisation, clear away the ball. KICK-OFF: Chelsea get the on pelvic disease last 16 of the Champions League underway.
Remember to get the most out of our live coverage by following all the action with Sportsmail's excellent Match Zone. It features the latest line-ups, formations, match stats and a handy player comparison tool. In addition there are heat zones for EVERY player as well as detailed maps of all the goals as they go in. Click on library the above link for more. TEN Brazilian born players on the team sheet PSG v Chelsea. Bottom! Two Brits. It's act three as far as these teams are concerned, as they prepare to meet for british thesis, a third year in essay environmental protection a row in the Champions League. PSG progressed last year on away goals, as did Chelsea the season before - who will come out on top in the best of digitisation three?
Benfica: Julio Cesar, Andre Almeida, Lindelof, Jardel, Eliseu, Samaris, Renato Sanches, Pizzi, Jonas, Gaitan, Mitroglou. Subs: Ederson, Jimenez, Goncalo Guedes, Silvio, Anderson Talisca, Carcela-Gonzalez, Semedo. Zenit St Petersburg: Lodygin, Aniukov, Garay, Lombaerts, Criscito, Witsel, Javi Garcia, Shatov, Hulk, Danny, Dzjuba. Subs: Kerzhakov, Mauricio, Kokorin, Luis Neto, Yusupov, Zhirkov, Dolgov. Referee: Gianluca Rocchi (Italy) 'They [John Terry and Kurt Zouma] were very stable last week.
Branislav [Ivanovic] will play with Gary Cahill so we have to papers, reshuffle a bit in defence,' Hiddink told BT Sport. 'Pedro is doing his job, not just scoring but his sense of responsibly in a team to do what we like. He deserves his place. 'It's a very tactical game. British Library! They like to impose their game but we must be careful not to management, go in british library thesis their trap because they can drop and play on the counter. 'It's important we try and harm them though.
We cannot just sit back.' Time to essay about, step it up, Eden. Just one goal all season (a penalty against MK Dons), this terrible year for Eden Hazard can still be salvaged with a strong end to the season. The midfielder wasn't among the goal scorers, didn't make an assist and failed to create a single chance as Chelsea smashed five past Newcastle on Saturday. But he was a busy man in the midfield for Chelsea and he will be key if the Blues are to gain a positive result this evening.
Here is his heat map from the win over british Newcastle. 1 - Diego Costa has only scored one goal in his last 14 Champions League games, that was against Maccabi Tel Aviv last September. Triple Line Papers! Troubles. FULL-TIME: Fenerbahce 2-0 Lokomotiv Moscow - click here for more. It's not just the Champions League returning tonight.
Even the Europa League has made a one night only appearance, with Fenerbahce defeating Lokomotiv Moscow 2-0 earlier on. That's the last time I'll mention that competition tonight - but more to come on Thursday when the likes of Manchester United, Liverpool and Tottenham Hotspur feature. Angel di Maria has first big chance to show Manchester United were too quick to ditch him as ?60m flop faces Chelsea. Brought on british library board in management dissertation haste and lobbed back over library thesis the side just as quickly. In one season in thesis on pelvic disease between, Angel di Maria’s reputation as one of the very finest talents in british digitisation football was badly damaged, a victim of his own indifference and bottom line papers also a casualty of a modern Manchester United that doesn’t quite know what to do with itself. What sort of player is he today? That, for british digitisation, the purposes of a British audience, will be partially answered this evening, when PSG face Chelsea in the Champions League. PSG: Trapp, Marquinhos, Thiago Silva, Luiz, Maxwell, Verratti, Thiago Motta, Matuidi, Di Maria, Ibrahimovic, Lucas Moura. Subs: Sirigu, Stambouli, Cavani, Kurzawa, van der Wiel, Rabiot, Pastore. Chelsea: Courtois, Ivanovic, Cahill, Baba, Azpilicueta, Fabregas, Mikel, Pedro, Willian, Costa, Hazard.
Subs: Begovic, Oscar, Traore, Kenedy, Remy, Miazga, Loftus-Cheek. Referee: Carlos Velasco Carballo (Madrid) Although a quick glance to a downbeat Oscar standing pitchside would have given them a clue that the pareto essay Brazilian is only deemed worthy of british thesis digitisation a place on the bench. PSG meanwhile make six changes from the thesis inflammatory weekend's 0-0 draw with Lille, including Zlatan Ibrahimovic who returns in attack. Thiago Silva, Thiago Motta, Lucas Moura, Marco Verratti and british library thesis digitisation Maxwell also return as Gregory van der Wiel, Laywin Kurzawa, Javier Pastore, Benji Stambouli, Jean-Kevin Augustin and thesis on pelvic inflammatory Edison Cavani drop out the team. Trapp, Marquinhos, Silva, Luiz, Maxwell, Verratti, Motta, Matuidi, Lucas, Di Maria, Ibrahimovic. Le 11 de depart du @psg_inside.
Le match est a suivre en direct et en exclusivite sur @beinsports_FR #PSGCHE pic.twitter.com/bU4sNWwIyc. John Terry's injury that he picked up against british, Newcastle United has ruled him out of the clash with Paris Saint-Germain, which means Baba Rahma replaces the captain in defence alongside Gary Cahill. Guus Hiddink makes just one other change to essay vandalism, the side that demolished the Toon 5-1 on library thesis Saturday as John Obi Mikel comes into the midfield in place of essay about environmental Nemanja Matic. Courtois, Azpilicueta, Cahill, Ivanovic, Baba Rahman, Fabregas, Mikel, Pedro, Willian, Hazard, Diego Costa. Like Chelsea, Paris Saint-Germain are also defending the british top flight title, but their season has been a complete contrast to Chelsea's. They are unbeaten in France and construction management a whopping 24 points points clear at british thesis digitisation the top having only drawn four games all season - although one of those was at the weekend against Lille. Their only defeat in all competitions was a 1-0 Champions League loss at thesis disease Real Madrid in November. PSG haven't lost at home since April - also in the Champions League against Barcelona. So. yea, the odds are rather stacked against british thesis digitisation, Chelsea. PSG vs Chelsea: The three key battles that could decide Champions League clash.
Chelsea have travelled to environmental, the French capital hoping to rescue their dismal campaign by overcoming last season's conquerors Paris Saint Germain in the Champions League last 16. The Blues have endured the worst title defence in Premier League history but are unbeaten under interim manager Guus Hiddink - whose last taste of Europe's elite competition came seven years ago in british thesis their now infamous semi-final defeat to Barcelona. Sportsmail's MATT BARLOW takes a look at three key battles that could decide the game. PSG vs Chelsea: Who's who in Blanc's side ahead of Champions League tie. Chelsea are set to face Paris Saint-Germain in the Champions League knockout stages for the third time in three seasons. The first leg of the last-16 tie at the Parc des Princes on Tuesday night will be the toughest test yet for essay about, Guus Hiddink's re-energised Chelsea. Just the two games this evening, with Benfica hosting Zenit in the other tie.
I'll be bringing you all the key events from that clash too. The group stage sorted the men from the library thesis digitisation boys and now we are left with Europe's finest 16 teams battling it out to reach the construction dissertation final in May, which will be held at the San Siro in Milan. There's a new Champions League match ball this evening to mark the return of Europe's elite club competition and british the road to Italy. And for Chelsea, while hopes of reaching the research Champions League through domestic performance look to be diminishing by the week - there is another road. It's a rocky one, but it's one that has been travelled before in british library thesis 2012, as the Blues hope to movies to write, land an unlikely Champions League title to keep their place among Europe's elite next season. Let's not run before we can walk though.
First up in the last 16 stands a rather handy Paris Saint-Germain side. Library Thesis Digitisation! So good evening all and construction management dissertation welcome to Sportsmail's live coverage of the UEFA Champions League which returns this evening with the library first batch of last 16 ties as PSG host Chelsea in a first leg match at the Parc des Princes. Follow Sportsmail's coverage of the management dissertation UEFA Champions League as Chelsea resume their pursuit of british thesis European glory when they travel to Paris Saint-Germain in the first leg of thesis on pelvic disease their last 16 clash. Given the british library thesis Premier League champions' struggles domestically this term, winning the Champions League represents the Blues' best opportunity of reaching Europe's top table next season. But Guus Hiddink's side find a PSG team, who are dominating the about protection and conservation French league, standing in their way and Chelsea will be targeting revenge having suffered a last 16 exit at the hands of the French champions last term. Share what you think. The comments below have not been moderated. The views expressed in british thesis digitisation the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the essay about environmental and conservation views of MailOnline. We are no longer accepting comments on this article. Premier League Premier League Championship League One League Two Scottish Premiership Scottish Div 1 Scottish Div 2 Scottish Div 3 Ligue 1 Serie A La Liga Bundesliga.
Premier League Premier League Championship League One League Two Scottish Premiership Scottish Div 1 Scottish Div 2 Scottish Div 3 Ligue 1 Serie A La Liga Bundesliga. Published by Associated Newspapers Ltd. Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on british library digitisation Sunday Metro Media Group.
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A Narrative of the Life of british thesis digitisation, Mrs. Mary Jemison. A NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE OF MRS. MARY JEMISON, Who was taken by the Indians, in efficiency essay, the year 1755, when only about twelve years of age, and has continued to reside amongst them to the present time. An Account of the Murder of her Father and his Family; her sufferings; her marriage to two Indians; her troubles with her Children; barbarities of the Indians in the French and Revolutionary Wars; the life of british, her last Husband, c.; and good, many Historical Facts never before published. Carefully taken from thesis digitisation her own words, Nov. 29th, 1823.
TO WHICH IS ADDED, An APPENDIX, containing an construction management, account of the british library tragedy at the Devil's Hole, in 1783, and of Sullivan's Expedition; the Traditions, Manners, Customs, c. of the Indians, as believed and efficiency essay, practised at the present day, and since Mrs. Jemison's captivity; together with some Anecdotes, and other entertaining matter. That to biographical writings we are indebted for the greatest and best field in which to study mankind, or human nature, is a fact duly appreciated by library digitisation, a well-informed community. In them we can trace the effects of mental operations to their proper sources; and by comparing our own composition with that of those who have excelled in virtue, or with that of those who have been sunk in the lowest depths of folly and vice, we are enabled to essay about and conservation select a plan of life that will at least afford self-satisfaction, and guide us through the world in paths of morality. Without a knowledge of the lives of the vile and british library, abandoned, we should be wholly incompetent to set an appropriate value upon thesis on pelvic, the charms, the excellence and the worth of those principles which have produced the library thesis finest traits in the character of the most virtuous. Biography is construction management dissertation a telescope of life, through which we can see the british extremes and essay about, excesses of the varied properties of the human heart. Wisdom and thesis digitisation, folly, refinement and vulgarity, love and hatred, tenderness and cruelty, happiness and management dissertation, misery, piety and infidelity, commingled with every other cardinal virtue or vice, are to be seen on the variegated pages of the digitisation history of human events, and are eminently deserving the attention of those who would learn to walk in the “paths of economics essay, peace.” The brazen statue and the sculptured marble, can commemorate the greatness of heroes, statesmen, philosophers, and blood-stained conquerors, who have risen to the zenith of human glory and popularity, under the influence of the mild sun of prosperity: but it is the faithful page of library, biography that transmits to future generations the poverty, pain, wrong, hunger, wretchedness and torment, and every nameless misery that has been endured by those who have lived in obscurity, and groped their lonely way through a long series of unpropitious events, with but little help besides the about light of nature. While the gilded monument displays in brightest colors the vanity of pomp, and the emptiness of nominal greatness, the biographical page, that lives in every line, is giving lessons of fortitude in time of danger, patience in suffering, hope in british library thesis digitisation, distress, invention in necessity, and resignation to unavoidable evils. Here also may be learned, pity for the bereaved, benevolence for the destitute, and compassion for the helpless; and at the same time all the sympathies of the soul will be naturally excited to sigh at the unfavorable result, or to smile at the fortunate relief. Construction Management Dissertation? In the british library thesis great inexplicable chain which forms the circle of human events, each individual link is placed on a level with the others, and performs an equal task; but, as the world is partial, it is the situation that attracts the attention of mankind, and excites the essay unfortunate vociferous eclat of elevation, that raises the pampered parasite to such an immense height in thesis digitisation, the scale of personal vanity, as, generally, to deprive him of respect, before he can return to a state of equilibrium with his fellows, or to the place whence he started. Few great men have passed from the stage of action, who have not left in the history of their lives indelible marks of ambition or folly, which produced insurmountable reverses, and rendered the whole a mere caricature, that can be examined only with disgust and regret.
Such pictures, however, are profitable, for “by others' faults wise men correct their own.” The following is a piece of biography, that shows what changes may be effected in the animal and mental constitution of triple line, man; what trials may be surmounted; what cruelties perpetrated, and what pain endured, when stern necessity holds the reins, and drives the car of fate. Library Thesis? As books of this kind are sought and read with avidity, especially by movies to write about, children, and british library digitisation, are well calculated to excite their attention, inform their understanding, and improve them in the art of reading, the greatest care has been observed to render the style easy, the language comprehensive, and the description natural. Essay Vandalism? Prolixity has been studiously avoided. British Thesis? The line of distinction between virtue and vice has been rendered distinctly visible; and chastity of expression and sentiment have received due attention. Strict fidelity has been observed in the composition: consequently, no circumstance has been intentionally exaggerated by the paintings of fancy, nor by fine flashes of rhetoric: neither has the essay about picture been rendered more dull than the library original. Without the aid of fiction, what was received as matter of fact, only has been recorded. It will be observed that the subject of this narrative has arrived at movies to write about least to thesis the advanced age of eighty years; that she is destitute of education; and that her journey of efficiency essay, life, throughout its texture, has been interwoven with troubles, which ordinarily are calculated to british library thesis digitisation impair the faculties of the thesis on pelvic mind; and it will be remembered, that there are but few old people who can recollect with precision the circumstances of their lives, (particularly those circumstances which transpired after middle age.) If, therefore, any error shall be discovered in british library, the narration in respect to time, it will be overlooked by the kind reader, or charitably placed to the narrator's account, and economics essay, not imputed to neglect, or to the want of attention in the compiler. The appendix is principally taken from the words of Mrs. Digitisation? Jemison's statements. Those parts which were not derived from her, are deserving equal credit, having been obtained from authentic sources.
For the accommodation of the construction management dissertation reader, the work has been divided into chapters, and a copious table of contents affixed. The introduction will facilitate the understanding of what follows; and as it contains matter that could not be inserted with propriety in any other place, will be read with interest and satisfaction. Having finished my undertaking, the subsequent pages are cheerfully submitted to the perusal and approbation or animadversion of a candid, generous and indulgent public. At the same time it is fondly hoped that the library thesis digitisation lessons of good essays, distress that are portrayed, may have a direct tendency to british increase our love of liberty; to good to write about enlarge our views of the blessings that are derived from our liberal institutions; and to excite in our breasts sentiments of devotion and gratitude to the great Author and british library digitisation, finisher of our happiness. Pembroke, March 1, 1824. The Peace of 1783, and the consequent cessation of Indian hostilities and pareto efficiency economics, barbarities, returned to their friends those prisoners, who had escaped the tomahawk, the gauntlet, and the savage fire, after their having spent many years in library thesis digitisation, captivity, and restored harmony to society. The stories of Indian cruelties which were common in thesis on pelvic, the new settlements, and were calamitous realities previous to that, propitious event; slumbered in the minds that had been constantly agitated by them, and were only roused occasionally, to become the fearful topic of the fireside. It is presumed that at british thesis this time there are but few native Americans that have arrived to middle age, who cannot distinctly recollect of sitting in the chimney corner when children, all contracted with fear, and there listening to their parents or visitors, while they related stories of thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease, Indian conquests, and murders, that would make their flaxen hair nearly stand erect, and almost destroy the power of motion. Digitisation? At the close of the Revolutionary war; all that part of the essay protection State of british library, New-York that lies west of Utica was uninhabited by construction management, white people, and few indeed had ever passed beyond Fort Stanwix, except when engaged in war against the Indians, who were numerous, and occupied a number of large towns Between the Mohawk river and lake Erie.
Sometime elapsed after this event, before the country about the thesis lakes and on the Genesee river was visited, save by an occasional land speculator, or by defaulters who wished by retreating to what in those days was deemed almost the essay about vandalism end of the earth, to escape the force of civil law. British Digitisation? At length, the on pelvic richness and library thesis, fertility of the good movies to write soil excited emigration, and here and there a family settled down and commenced improvements in the country which had recently been the property of the aborigines. Those who settled near the Genesee river, soon became acquainted with “The White Woman,” as Mrs. Jemison is called, whose history they anxiously sought, both as a matter of british digitisation, interest and curiosity. Frankness characterized her conduct, and without reserve she would readily gratify them by relating some of the most important periods of her life. Although her bosom companion was an essay environmental and conservation, ancient Indian warrior, and library thesis digitisation, notwithstanding her children and pareto essay, associates were all Indians, yet it was found that she possessed an british library thesis digitisation, uncommon share of efficiency essay, hospitality, and that her friendship was well worth courting and preserving. Her house was the stranger's home; from british library thesis her table the about environmental protection and conservation hungry were refreshed;she made the naked as comfortable as her means would admit of; and in thesis digitisation, all her actions, discovered so much natural goodness of heart, that her admirers increases in to write about, proportion to the extension of her acquaintance, and she became celebrated as the friend of the distressed. She was the protectress of the homeless fugitive, and made welcome the weary wanderer. Many still live to commemorate her benevolence towards them, when prisoners during the british library thesis war, and to ascribe their deliverance to the mediation of “The White Woman.” The settlements increased, and the whole country around her was inhabited by a rich and respectable people, principally from New-England, as much distinguished for their spirit of inquisitiveness as for their habits of industry and honesty, who had all heard from line one source and another a part of her life in detached pieces, and had obtained an idea that the whole taken in connection would afford instruction and british library digitisation, amusement. Many gentlemen of respectability, felt anxious that her narrative might be laid before the public, with a view not only to triple line research papers perpetuate the remembrance of the atrocities of the savages in former times, but to british preserve some historical facts which they supposed to be intimately connected with her life, and which otherwise must be lost. Forty years had passed since the protection close of the Revolutionary war, and almost seventy years had seen Mrs.
Jemison with the Indians, when Daniel W. Banister, Esq. at library thesis digitisation the instance of good movies, several gentlemen, and prompted by his own ambition to british library thesis digitisation add something to triple bottom line research the accumulating fund of useful knowledge, resolved, in the autumn of british thesis, 1823, to embrace that time, while she was capable of recollecting and reciting the triple bottom research scenes through which she had passed, to collect from british library herself, and to publish to an accurate account of her life. I was employed to collect the materials, and prepare the work for the press; and accordingly went to the house of Mrs. Jennet Whaley in the town of Castile, Genesee co. N.Y. in company with the publisher, who procured the dissertation interesting subject of the british digitisation following narrative, to good movies about come to that place (a distance of british library thesis, four miles) and there repeat the story of her eventful life. She came on essay about environmental protection and conservation foot in company with Mr.
Thomas Clute, whom she considers her protector, and tarried almost three days, which time was busily occupied in taking a sketch of library thesis digitisation, her narrative as she recited it. Her appearance was well calculated to excite a great degree of sympathy in a stranger, who had been partially informed of her origin, when comparing her present situation with what it probably would have been, had she been permitted to construction have remained with her friends, and to have enjoyed the blessings of civilization. In stature she is very short, and considerably under the middle size, and stands tolerably erect, with her head bent forward, apparently from her having for a long time been accustomed to carrying heavy burdens in a strap placed across her forehead. Her complexion is very white for a woman of her age, and although the wrinkles of fourscore years are deeply indented in her cheeks, yet the digitisation crimson of youth is distinctly visible. Her eyes are light blue, a little faded by age, and naturally brilliant and sparkling. Her sight is essay environmental and conservation quite dim, though she is british library thesis able to perform her necessary labor without the good movies essays about assistance of glasses.
Her cheek bones are high, and rather prominent, and british digitisation, her front teeth, in the lower jaw, are sound and good. When she looks up and is engaged in conversation her countenance is very expressive; but from her long residence with the Indians, she has acquired the habit of peeping from thesis on pelvic inflammatory under eye-brows as they do with the library head inclined downwards. Formerly her hair was of a light chestnut brownit is now quite grey, a little curled, of middling length and tied in thesis inflammatory, a bunch behind. She informed me that she had never worn a cap nor a comb. She speaks English plainly and distinctly, with a little of the library thesis Irish emphasis, and has the use of words so well as to efficiency essay render herself intelligible on any subject with which she is acquainted. Her recollection and memory exceeded my expectation. It cannot be reasonably supposed, that a person of her age has kept the events of seventy years in so complete a chain as to be able to british thesis assign to each its proper time and place; she, however, made her recital with as few obvious mistakes as might be found in that of a person of fifty.
She walks with a quick step without a staff, and I was informed by Mr. Clute, that she could yet cross a stream on a log or pole as steadily as any other person. Her passions are easily excited. At a number of periods in her narration, tears trickled down her grief worn cheek, and at the same time, a rising sigh would stop her utterance. Industry is essay vandalism a virtue which she has uniformly practised from the day of british digitisation, her adoption to the present.
She pounds her samp, cooks for herself, gathers and chops wood, feeds her cattle and poultry, and triple bottom line papers, performs other laborious services. British Library Thesis? Last season she planted, tended and construction, gathered cornin short she is always busy. Her dress at the time I saw her, was made and worn after, the Indian fashion, and consisted of a shirt, short gown, petticoat, stockings, moccasins, a blanket and library thesis, a bonnet. The shirt was of thesis on pelvic, cotton and made at british thesis the top, as I was informed, like a man's without collar or sleeveswas open before and extended down about midway of the hips.The petticoat was a piece of movies to write, broadcloth with the list at the top and bottom and the ends sewed together. This was tied on by a string that was passed over it and library thesis, around the waist, in such a manner as to let the bottom of the petticoat down half way between the knee and ankle and leave one-fourth of a yard at the top to be turned down over the stringthe bottom of the shift coming a little below, and on the outside of the top of the fold so as to leave the list and two or three inches of the cloth uncovered.
The stockings, were of blue broadcloth, tied, or pinned on, which reached from the construction management knees, into the mouth of the moccasins.Around her toes only she had some rags, and over these her buckskin moccasins. Her gown was of undressed flannel, colored brown. It was made in library thesis, old yankee style, with long sleeves, covered the top of the hips, and management, was tied before in two places with strings of deer skin. Over all this, she wore an library, Indian blanket. On her head she wore a piece of old brown woollen cloth made somewhat like a sun bonnet. Such was the dress that this woman was contented to wear, and habit had rendered it convenient and comfortable. She wore it not as a matter of t necessity, but from choice, for economics it will be seen in the sequel, that her property is sufficient to enable her to dress in the best fashion, and to allow her every comfort of life.
Her house, in which she lives, is 20 by 28 feet; built of square timber, with a shingled roof, and a framed stoop. In the centre of the house is british a chimney of stones and sticks, in which there are two fire places. She has a good framed barn, 26 by 36, well filled, and owns a fine stock of cattle and good essays, horses. Besides the buildings above mentioned, she owns a number of houses that are occupied by tenants, who work her flats upon british library digitisation, shares. Her dwelling, is about one hundred rods north of the Great Slide, a curiosity that, will be described in its proper place, on the west side of the Genesee river. Mrs. Jemison, appeared sensible of pareto economics, her ignorance of the manners of the white people, and for that reason, was not familiar, except with those with whom she was intimately acquainted. In fact she was (to appearance) so jealous of her rights, or that she should say something that would be injurious to herself or family, that if Mr. Clute had not been present, we should have been unable to have obtained her history. She, however, soon became free and unembarrassed in her conversation, and spoke with degree of mildness, candor and british thesis, simplicity, that is calculated to remove all doubts as to the veracity of the speaker.
The vices of the Indians, she appeared disposed not to aggravate, and seemed to take pride in extoling their virtues. A kind of family pride inclined her to withhold whatever would blot the character of her descendants, and triple bottom research, perhaps induced her to keep back many things that would have been interesting. For the life of her last husband, we are indebted to her cousin, Mr. George Jemison, to whom she referred us for information on that subject generally. The thoughts of his deeds, probably chilled her old heart, and made her dread to british library thesis digitisation rehearse them, and at the same time she well knew they were no secret, for she had frequently heard him relate the whole, not only to her cousin, but to others. Before she left us she was very sociable, and she resumed her naturally pleasant countenance, enlivened with a smile.
Her neighbors speak of her as possessing one of the happiest tempers and disposition, and give her the name of never having done a censurable act to their knowledge. Bottom? Her habits, are those of the library thesis Indiansshe sleeps on skins without a bedstead, sits upon efficiency economics, the floor or on a bench, and holds her victuals on her lap, or in library digitisation, her hands. Her ideas of essay about, religion, correspond in every respect with those of the great mass of the Senecas. Library Thesis? She applauds virtue, and despises vice. She believes in a future state, in which the good will be happy, and the bad miserable; and that the acquisition of that happiness, depends primarily upon human volition, and the consequent good deeds of the happy recipient of blessedness. The doctrines taught in the Christian religion, she is a stranger to.
Her daughters are said to be active and enterprizing women, and essays about, her grandsons, who arrived to manhood, are considered able, decent and respectable men in their tribe. Having in this cursory manner, introduced the subject of the british thesis following pages, I proceed to the narration of a life that has been viewed with attention, for a great number of years by a few, and which will be read by the public the mixed sensations of pleasure and pain, and essay environmental protection, with interest, anxiety and satisfaction. LIFE OF MARY JEMISON. Nativity of her Parents.Their removal to America.Her Birth.Parents settle in Pennsylvania.Omen of her Captivity. Although I may have frequently heard the history of my ancestry, my recollection is too imperfect to enable me to trace it further back than my father and mother, whom I have often heard mention the families from whence they originated, as having possessed wealth and honorable stations under the government of the digitisation country in which they resided. On the account of the great length of time that has elapsed since I was separated from my parents and friends, and having heard the story of their nativity only in the days of triple research, my childhood, I am not able to state positively, which of the two countries, Ireland or Scotland, was the land of my parents birth and digitisation, education. It, however, is good movies to write essays about my impression, that they were born and brought up in Ireland. My Father's name was Thomas Jemison, and my mother's before her marriage with him, was Jane Erwin.
Their affection for each other was mutual, and of that happy kind which tends directly to sweeten the cup of life; to render connubial sorrows lighter; to assuage every discontentment and to library digitisation promote not only their own comfort, but that of all who come within the circle of their acquaintance. Of their happiness I recollect to triple bottom line research papers have heard them speak; and the remembrance I yet retain of their mildness and perfect agreement in the government of library, their children, together with their mutual attention to our common education, manners, religious instruction and wants, renders it a fact in my mind, that they were ornaments to essay environmental and conservation the married state, and examples of connubial love, worthy of imitation. After my remembrance they were strict observers of religious duties; for british it was the daily practice of my father, morning and evening, to attend, in his family, to the worship of line papers, God. Resolved to leave the land of their nativity they removed from their residence to a port in Ireland, where they lived but a short time before they set sail for british library this country, in the year 1742 or 3 on board the ship Mary William, bound to Philadelphia, in the state of Pennsylvania. The intestine divisions, civil wars, and ecclesiastical rigidity and domination that prevailed those days, were the causes of their leaving their mother country and a home in the American wilderness, under the about mild and temperate government of the british descendants of William Penn; where without fear they might worship God, and perform their usual avocations. In Europe my parents had two sons and one daughter, whose names were John, Thomas and Betsey; with whom, after having put their effects on board, they embarked, leaving a large connexion of relatives and friends, under all those painful sensations, which are only felt when kindred souls give the essay environmental parting hand and last farewell to british library digitisation those to whom they are endeared by every friendly tie. In the course of essay, their voyage I was born, to be the digitisation sport of fortune and management, almost an outcast to civil society; to stem the current of adversity through a long chain of british thesis digitisation, vicissitudes, unsupported by inflammatory, the advice of tender parents, or the hand of an affectionate friend; and even without the digitisation enjoyment from others, of any of those tender sympathies that are adapted to the sweetening of line research papers, society, except such as naturally flow from uncultivated minds, that have been calloused by ferocity. Excepting my birth, nothing remarkable occurred to my parents on their passage, and they were safely landed at Philadelphia. My father being fond of library digitisation, rural life, and having been bred to agricultural pursuits, soon left the city, and management dissertation, removed his family to the then frontier settlements of Pennsylvania, to library thesis a tract of excellent land lying on Marsh creek. At that place he cleared a large farm, and for seven or eight years enjoyed the fruits of dissertation, his industry.
Peace attended their labors; and they had nothing to alarm them, save the midnight howl of the prowling wolf, or the terrifying shriek of the ferocious panther, as they occasionally visited their improvements, to take a lamb or a calf to satisfy their hunger. During this period my mother had two sons, between whose ages there was a difference of about three years: the oldest was named Matthew, and british library digitisation, the other Robert. Management Dissertation? Health presided on every countenance, and vigor and strength characterized every exertion. Our mansion was a little paradise. The morning of digitisation, my childish, happy days, will ever stand fresh in my remembrance, notwithstanding the many severe trials through which I have passed, in arriving at my present situation, at so advanced an age. Even at this remote period, the recollection of my pleasant home at my father's, of my parents, of my brothers and thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease, sister, and of the manner in which I was deprived of them all at once, affects me so powerfully, that I am almost overwhelmed with grief, that is library thesis digitisation seemingly insupportable. Frequently I dream of those happy days: but, alas! they are gone; they have left me to bottom line research be carried through a long life, dependent for the little pleasures of british library digitisation, nearly seventy years, upon the tender mercies of the Indians! In the movies about spring of 1752, and british thesis, through the succeeding seasons, the stories of Indian barbarities inflicted upon the whites in those days, frequently excited in my parents the most serious alarm for our safety. The next year the storm gathered faster; many murders were committed; and disease, many captives were exposed to british library meet death in economics essay, its most frightful form, by british digitisation, having their bodies stuck full of pine splinters, which were immediately set on fire, while their tormentors, exulting in their distress, would rejoice at their agony! In 1754, an economics essay, army for the protection of the settlers, and to drive back the French and Indians, was raised from the militia of the colonial governments, and placed (secondarily) under the command of Col.
George Washington. In that army I had an uncle, whose name was John Jemison who was killed at the battle at the Great Meadow or Fort Necessity. His wife had died some time before this, and left a young child, which my mother nursed in library, the most tender manner, till its mother's sister took it away, a few months after my uncle's death. The French and Indians, after the surrender of Fort Necessity by Col. Washington, (which happened the same season, and soon after his victory over them at that place,) grew more and more terrible. The death of the whites, and plundering and burning their property, was apparently their only object: But as yet we had not heard the death-yell, nor seen the smoke of a dwelling that had been lit by essay, an Indian's hand. The return of a new-year's day found us unmolested; and though we knew that the enemy was at no great distance from british library thesis us, my father concluded that he would continue to occupy his land another season: expecting (probably from the great exertions which the government was then making) that as soon as the troops could commence their operations in the spring, the enemy would be conquered and compelled to agree to on pelvic a treaty of peace. In the preceding autumn my father either moved to library thesis digitisation another part of his farm, or to movies about another neighborhood, a short distance from our former abode. I well recollect moving, and british library digitisation, that the barn that was on the place we moved to was built of logs, though the house was a good one.
The winter of 1754-5 was as mild as a common fall season, and the spring presented a pleasant seed time, and triple papers, indicated a plenteous harvest. My father, with the thesis assistance of his oldest sons, repaired his farm as usual, and was daily preparing the soil for the reception of the on pelvic disease seed. His cattle and sheep were numerous, and according to british thesis digitisation the best idea of wealth that I can now form, he was wealthy. But alas! how transitory are all human affairs! how fleeting are riches! how brittle the invisible thread on which all earthly comforts are suspended! Peace in a moment can take an immeasurable flight; health can lose its rosy cheeks; and on pelvic inflammatory disease, life will vanish like a vapor at library digitisation the appearance of the sun! In one fatal day our prospects were all blasted; and death, by cruel hands, inflicted upon almost the whole of the family. On a pleasant day in essay, the spring of british library thesis, 1755, when my father was sowing flax-seed, and essay, my brothers driving the teams, I was sent to a neighbor's house, a distance of perhaps a mile, to procure a horse and return with it the british library digitisation next morning.
I went as I was directed. Good Essays About? I was out of the british library digitisation house in the beginning of the evening, and saw a sheet wide spread approaching towards me, in which I was caught (as I have ever since believed) and construction management dissertation, deprived of my senses! The family soon found me on the ground, almost lifeless, (as they said,) took me in, and made use of british thesis, every remedy in their power for my recovery, but without effect till day-break, when my senses returned, and I soon found myself in good health, so that I went home with the horse very early in on pelvic inflammatory, the morning. The appearance of that sheet, I have ever considered as a forerunner of the melancholy catastrophe that so soon afterwards happened to our family: and my being caught in it I believe, was ominous of my preservation from death at the time we were captured. Her Education.Captivity.Journey to Fort Pitt.Mother's Farewell Address.Murder of her Family.Preparation of the Scalps.Indian Precautions.Arrival at thesis digitisation Fort Pitt, c. My education had received as much attention from my parents, as their situation in a new country would admit. Essay? I had been at school some, where I learned to read in a book that was about half as large as a Bible; and in the Bible I had read a little.
I had also learned the Catechism, which I used frequently to repeat to digitisation my parents, and every night, before I went to bed, I was obliged to stand up before my mother and repeat some words that I suppose was a prayer. My reading, Catechism and prayers, I have long since forgotten; though for a number of the good to write about first years that I lived with the Indians, I repeated the prayers as often as I had an opportunity. After the revolutionary war, I remembered the names of some of the letters when I saw them; but have never read a word since I was taken prisoner. It is but a few years since a Missionary kindly gave me a Bible, which I am very fond of hearing my neighbors read to me, and should be pleased to learn to read it myself; but my sight has been for thesis a number of years, so dim that I have not been able to distinguish one letter from another. As I before observed, I got home with the horse very early in the morning, where I found a man that lived in our neighborhood, and his sister-in-law who had three children, one son and two daughters. I soon learned that they had come there to live a short time; but for what purpose I cannot say. The woman's husband, however, was at that time in Washington's army, fighting, for his country; and as her brother-in-law had a house she had lived with him in his absence. Their names I have forgotten. Immediately after I got home, the man took the horse to go to his house after a bag of grain, and good movies to write about, took his gun in his hand for the purpose of killing game, if he should chance to library digitisation see any.Our family, as usual, was busily employed about their common business. Father was shaving an axe-helve at the side of the house; mother was making preparations for breakfast;my two oldest brothers were at work near the barn; and the little ones, with myself, and the woman and protection and conservation, her three children, were in the house.
Breakfast was not yet ready, when we were alarmed by the discharge of a number of guns, that seemed to be near. Mother and the women before mentioned, almost fainted at the report, and every one trembled with fear. British Thesis Digitisation? On opening the door, the man and horse lay dead near the house, having just been shot by the Indians. I was afterwards informed, that the Indians discovered him at his own house with his gun, and triple bottom line research papers, pursued him to father's, where they shot him as I have related. They first secured my father, and then rushed into the house, and without the least resistance made prisoners of my mother, Robert, Matthew, Betsey, the woman and her three children, and library, myself, and then commenced plundering. My two brothers, Thomas and John, being at the barn, escaped and went to Virginia, where my grandfather Erwin then lived, as I was informed by a Mr. Fields, who was at my house about the close of the triple line research revolutionary war. The party that took us consisted of six Indians and library thesis digitisation, four Frenchmen, who immediately commenced plundering, as I just observed, and took what they considered most valuable; consisting principally of about vandalism, bread, meal and meat.
Having taken as much provision as they could carry, they set out with their prisoners in great haste, for fear of detection, and soon entered the woods. On our march that day, an Indian went behind us with a whip, with which he frequently lashed the children to make them keep up. In this manner we travelled till dark without a mouthful of food or a drop of water; although we had not eaten since the night before. Whenever the british thesis digitisation little children cried for water, the Indians would make them drink urine or go thirsty. At night they encamped in management dissertation, the woods without fire and without shelter, where we were watched with the greatest vigilance. Extremely fatigued, and very hungry, we were compelled to lie upon thesis digitisation, the ground supperless and without a drop of water to satisfy the cravings of our appetites. As in the day time, so the little ones were made to drink urine in the night if they cried for water. Good Movies To Write Essays? Fatigue alone brought us a little sleep for the refreshment of our weary limbs; and at the dawn of day we were again started on our march in the same order that we had proceeded on the day before.
About sunrise we were halted, and british library thesis, the Indians gave us a full breakfast of provision that they had brought from my father's house. Each of us being very hungry, partook of this bounty of the Indians, except father, who was so much overcome with his situationso much exhausted by anxiety and essay about protection and conservation, grief, that silent despair seemed fastened upon thesis, his countenance, and he could not be prevailed upon to triple line research refresh his sinking nature by the use of a morsel of british thesis digitisation, food. Our repast being finished, we again resumed our march, and, before noon passed a small fort that I heard my father say was called Fort Canagojigge. That was the thesis only time that I heard him speak from the time we were taken till we were finally separated the following night. Towards evening we arrived at the border of a dark and dismal swamp, which was covered with small hemlocks, or some other evergreen, and other bushes, into which we were conducted; and having gone a short distance we stopped to encamp for the night. Here we had some bread and meat for british digitisation supper: but the dreariness of our situation, together with the uncertainty under which we all labored, as to our future destiny, almost deprived us of the sense of hunger, and destroyed our relish for food. Mother, from the pareto essay time we were taken, had manifested a great degree of digitisation, fortitude, and bottom research, encouraged us to support our troubles without complaining; and by thesis digitisation, her conversation seemed to make the distance and management dissertation, time shorter, and the way more smooth. But father lost all his ambition in the beginning of our trouble, and library, continued apparently lost to every careabsorbed in melancholy.
Here, as before, she insisted on the necessity of our eating; and we obeyed her, but it was done with heavy hearts. As soon as I had finished my supper, an Indian took off my shoes and essay about vandalism, stockings and put a pair of moccasins on my feet, which my mother observed; and believing that they would spare my life, even if they should destroy the other captives, addressed me as near as I can remember in the following words: “My dear little Mary, I fear that the time has arrived when we must be parted forever. Thesis? Your life, my child, I think will be spared; but we shall probably be tomahawked here in essay environmental protection and conservation, this lonesome place by the Indians. O! how can I part with you my darling? What will become of my sweet little Mary? Oh! how can I think of your being continued in captivity without a hope of your being rescued?
O that death had snatched you from my embraces in your infancy; the pain of parting then would have been pleasing to what it now is; and I should have seen the end of your troubles!Alas, my dear! my heart bleeds at the thoughts of what awaits you; but, if you leave us, remember my child your own name, and the name of british thesis digitisation, your father and mother. Be careful and not forget your English tongue. Thesis Inflammatory Disease? If you shall have an opportunity to get away from the Indians, don't try to escape; for if you do they will find and destroy you. Don't forget, my little daughter, the prayers that I have learned yousay them often; be a good child, and God will bless you. May God bless you my child, and make you comfortable and happy.” During this time, the Indians stripped the shoes and stockings from the library little boy that belonged to the woman who was taken with us, and management, put moccasins on his feet, as they had done before on mine. I was crying.
An Indian took the little boy and library thesis digitisation, myself by the hand, to lead us off from the company, when my mother exclaimed, “Don't cry Marydon't cry my child. God will bless you! Farewellfarewell!” The Indian led us some distance into the bushes, or woods, and there lay down with us to spend the night. The recollection of parting with my tender mother kept me awake, while the tears constantly flowed from my eyes. A number of vandalism, times in the night the little boy begged of me earnestly to run away with him and get clear of the Indians; but remembering the advice I had so lately received, and knowing the dangers to which we should be exposed, in travelling without a path and without a guide, through a wilderness unknown to us, I told him that I would not go, and persuaded him to lie still till morning. Early the next morning the Indians and Frenchmen that we had left the night before, came to us; but our friends were left behind. It is impossible for any one to library thesis digitisation form a correct idea of what my feelings were at the sight of those savages, whom I supposed had murdered my parents and brothers, sister, and friends, and line, left them in the swamp to be devoured by wild beasts! But what could I do?
A poor little defenceless girl; without the power or means of escaping; without a home to library digitisation go to, even if I could be liberated; without a knowledge of the direction or distance to my former place of construction management dissertation, residence; and without a living friend to whom to fly for protection, I felt a kind of horror, anxiety, and dread, that, to me, seemed insupportable. I durst not cryI durst not complain; and to british digitisation inquire of them the fate of my friends (even if I could have mustered resolution) was beyond my ability, as I could not speak their language, nor they understand mine. My only relief was in silent stifled sobs. My suspicions as to thesis the fate of my parents proved too true; for soon after I left them they were killed and scalped, together with Robert, Matthew, Betsey, and british thesis, the woman and her two children, and mangled in the most shocking manner. Dissertation? Having given the british library thesis digitisation little boy and essay vandalism, myself some bread and meat for british thesis digitisation breakfast, they led us on as fast as we could travel, and one of them went behind and with a long staff, picked up all the grass and weeds that we trailed down by going over them. By taking that precaution they avoided detection; for thesis inflammatory disease each weed was so nicely placed in its natural position that no one would have suspected that we had passed that way.
It is the custom of Indians when scouting, or on private expeditions, to step carefully and where no impression of their feet can be leftshunning wet or muddy ground. They seldom take hold of a bush or limb, and never break one; and by library thesis digitisation, observing those precautions and that of setting up the weeds and good to write essays about, grass which they necessarily lop, they completely elude the sagacity of their pursuers, and library thesis, escape that punishment which they are conscious they merit from the hand of justice. After a hard day's march we encamped in a thicket, where the Indians made a shelter of boughs, and then built a good fire to warm and dry our benumbed limbs and construction management, clothing; for it had rained some through the thesis day. Triple? Here we were again fed as before. When the Indians had finished their supper they took from their baggage a number of british library, scalps and went about preparing them for essay about vandalism the market, or to keep without spoiling, by straining them over small hoops which they prepared for that purpose, and then drying and scraping them by british library, the fire. Having put the scalps, yet wet and bloody, upon the hoops, and essay vandalism, stretched them to their full extent, they held them to the fire till they were partly dried and then with their knives commenced scraping off the flesh; and in that way they continued to british library thesis work, alternately drying and scraping them, till they were dry and on pelvic inflammatory disease, clean. That being done they combed the hair in the neatest manner, and then painted it and the edges of the scalps yet on the hoops, red. Those scalps I knew at the time must have been taken from our family by the color of the hair. My mother's hair was red; and I could easily distinguish my father's and the children's from each other. That sight was most appaling; yet, I was obliged to endure it without complaining.
In the course of the night they made me to understand that they should not have killed the family if the whites had not pursued them. Mr. Fields, whom I have before mentioned, informed me that at british library the time we were taken, he lived in the vicinity of my father; and that on good to write essays about hearing of our captivity, the whole neighborhood turned out in pursuit of the enemy, and to deliver us if possible: but that their efforts were unavailing. They however pursued us to british library thesis digitisation the dark swamp, where they found my father, his family and companions, stripped and mangled in the most inhuman manner: That from thence the pareto essay march of the british digitisation cruel monsters could not be traced in any direction; and that they returned to their homes with the melancholy tidings of our misfortunes, supposing that we had all shared in the massacre. Essays About? The next morning we went on; the Indian going behind us and setting up the weeds as on the day before. British Library Digitisation? At night we encamped on the ground in the open air, without a shelter or fire. In the morning we again set out early, and essay, travelled as on the two former days, though the weather was extremely uncomfortable, from the continual falling of rain and snow. Thesis? At night the bottom line research papers snow fell fast, and british library digitisation, the Indians built a shelter of environmental, boughs, and a fire, where we rested tolerably dry through that and the two succeeding nights. When we stopped, and before the british library thesis digitisation fire was kindled, I was so much fatigued from running, and construction, so far benumbed by the wet and cold, that I expected that I must fail and die before I could get warm and comfortable.
The fire, however, soon restored the library digitisation circulation, and after I had taken my supper I felt so that I rested well through the night. On account of the storm, we were two days at that place. On one of economics essay, those days, a party consisting of six Indians who had been to british library thesis the frontier settlements, came to where we were, and brought with them one prisoner, a young white man who was very tired and dejected. His name I have forgotten. Misery certainly loves company. Thesis? I was extremely glad to british see him, though I knew from his appearance, that his situation was as deplorable as mine, and that he could afford me no kind of assistance. In the afternoon the Indians killed a deer, which they dressed, and construction dissertation, then roasted it whole; which made them a full meal. We were each allowed a share of their venison, and library thesis digitisation, some bread, so that we made a good meal also.
Having spent three nights and two days at thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease that place, and the storm having ceased, early in the morning the whole company, consisting of twelve Indians, four Frenchmen, the young man, the little boy and myself, moved on at a moderate pace without an Indian behind us to deceive our pursuers. In the afternoon we came in sight of british thesis, Fort Pitt (as it is now called,) where we were halted while the Indians performed some customs upon on pelvic disease, their prisoners which they deemed necessary. That fort was then occupied by british library thesis, the French and Indians, and was called Fort Du Quesne. It stood at the junction of the Monongahela, which is said to signify, in some of the thesis on pelvic inflammatory Indian languages, the Falling-in-Banks, [Footnote: Navigator.] and the Alleghany [Footnote: The word Alleghenny, was derived from an british library, ancient race of to write essays, Indians called “Tallegawe.” The Delaware Indians, instead of saying “Alleghenny,” say “Allegawe,” or “Allegawenink,” Western Tour p. British Library Thesis? 455.] rivers, where the Ohio river begins to take its name. The word O-hi-o, signifies bloody. At the on pelvic disease place where we halted, the Indians combed the thesis digitisation hair of the triple line research papers young man, the boy and myself, and then painted our faces and hair red, in thesis digitisation, the finest Indian style.
We were then conducted into the fort, where we received a little bread, and were then shut up and left to tarry alone through the night. She is given to two Squaws.Her Journey down the Ohio.Passes a Shawanee town where white men had just been burnt.Arrives at the Seneca town.Her Reception.She is adopted.Ceremony of Adoption.Indian Custom.Address.She receives a new name.Her Employment.Retains her own and learns the Seneca Language.Situation of the Town, c.Indians go on essay and conservation a Hunting Tour to british library Sciota and take her with them.Returns.She is taken to about vandalism Fort Pitt, and then hurried back by her Indian Sisters.Her hopes of british thesis digitisation, Liberty destroyed.Second Tour to Sciota.Return to Wiishto, c.Arrival of Prisoners.Priscilla Ramsay.Her Chain.Mary marries a Delaware.Her Affection for him.Birth and Death of her first Child.Her Sickness and Recovery.Birth of Thomas Jemison. The night was spent in gloomy forebodings. What the result of to write essays, our captivity would be, it was out of our power to library thesis digitisation determine or even imagine.At times we could almost realize the pareto essay approach of our masters to butcher and scalp us;again we could nearly see the pile of british library, wood kindled on which we were to on pelvic inflammatory disease be roasted; and then we would imagine ourselves at liberty; alone and defenceless in the forest, surrounded by wild beasts that were ready to devour us. The anxiety of our minds drove sleep from our eyelids; and it was with a dreadful hope and painful impatience that we waited for the morning to determine our fate. The morning at length arrived, and our masters came early and thesis, let us out thesis, of the house, and gave the young man and boy to the French, who immediately took them away. Their fate I never learned; as I have not seen nor heard of them since. Library Digitisation? I was now left alone in the fort, deprived of my former companions, and of every thing that was near or dear to me but life.
But it was not long before I was in some measure relieved by the appearance of two pleasant looking squaws of the Seneca tribe, who came and examined me attentively for a short time, and construction management, then went out. After a few minutes absence they returned with my former masters, who gave me to them to british digitisation dispose of as they pleased. The Indians by whom I was taken were a party of Shawanees, if I remember right, that lived, when at home, a long distance down the Ohio. My former Indian masters, and the two squaws, were soon ready to pareto efficiency leave the fort, and accordingly embarked; the Indians in a large canoe, and the two squaws and myself in a small one, and went down the Ohio. When we set off, an Indian in the forward canoe took the scalps of my former friends, strung them on a pole that he placed upon his shoulder, and in that manner carried them, standing in the stern of the canoe, directly before us as we sailed down the river, to the town where the two squaws resided.
On our way we passed a Shawanee town, where I saw a number of heads, arms, legs, and other fragments of the bodies of some white people who had just been burnt. The parts that remained were hanging on a pole which was supported at each end by a crotch stuck in the ground, and were roasted or burnt black as a coal. The fire was yet burning; and the whole appearances afforded a spectacle so shocking, that, even to british library thesis digitisation this day, my blood almost curdles in thesis on pelvic, my veins when I think of them! At night we arrived at a small Seneca Indian town, at the mouth of a small river, that was called by the Indians, in the Seneca language, She-nan-jee, [Footnote: That town, according to the geographical description given by Mrs. Jemison, must have stood at the mouth of Indian Cross creek, which is library about 76 miles by water, below Pittsburgh; or at the mouth of Indian Short creek, 87 miles below Pittsburgh, where the triple papers town of Warren now stands: But at digitisation which of those places I am unable to determine. Author .] where the two Squaws to whom I belonged resided. There we landed, and the Indians went on; which was the last I ever saw of them. Disease? Having made fast to the shore, the Squaws left me in the canoe while they went to their wigwam or house in the town, and british library digitisation, returned with a suit of Indian clothing, all new, and very clean and nice. Protection? My clothes, though whole and good when I was taken, were now torn in pieces, so that I was almost naked.
They first undressed me and threw my rags into library, the river; then washed me clean and protection and conservation, dressed me in the new suit they had just brought, in complete Indian style; and then led me home and seated me in the center of their wigwam. I had been in that situation but a few minutes before all the Squaws in the town came in to see me. I was soon surrounded by them, and they immediately set up a most dismal howling, crying bitterly, and wringing their hands in british thesis, all the agonies of grief for a deceased relative. Their tears flowed freely, and they exhibited all the dissertation signs of real mourning. At the commencement of this scene, one of their number began, in a voice somewhat between speaking and singing, to recite some words to the following purport, and continued the recitation till the ceremony was ended; the company at the same time varying the appearance of their countenances, gestures and tone of voice, so as to correspond with the sentiments expressed by their leader: “Oh our brother! Alas! He is deadhe has gone; he will never return! Friendless he died on the field of the slain, where his bones are yet lying unburied! Oh, who will not mourn his sad fate?
No tears dropped around him; oh, no! No tears of his sisters were there! He fell in his prime, when his arm was most needed to library digitisation keep us from pareto efficiency danger! Alas! he has gone! and british, left us in sorrow, his loss to bewail: Oh where is his spirit? His spirit went naked, and hungry it wanders, and thirsty and wounded it groans to return! Oh helpless and wretched, our brother has gone! No blanket nor food to nourish and warm him; nor candles to light him, nor weapons of war:Oh, none of essay environmental and conservation, those comforts had he!
But well we remember his deeds!The deer he could take on the chase! The panther shrunk back at library thesis digitisation the sight of his strength! His enemies fell at his feet! He was brave and efficiency economics essay, courageous in war! As the fawn was harmless: his friendship was ardent: his temper was gentle: his pity was great! Oh! our friend, our companion is dead!
Our brother, your brother, alas! he is gone! But why do we grieve for british thesis his loss? In the pareto economics strength of british library thesis digitisation, a warrior, undaunted he left us, to fight by about, the side of the Chiefs! His war-whoop was shrill! His rifle well aimed laid his enemies low: his tomahawk drank of their blood: and his knife flayed their scalps while yet covered with gore! And why do we mourn? Though he fell on the field of the slain, with glory he fell, and library digitisation, his spirit went up to the land of his fathers in war!
Then why do we mourn? With transports of joy they received him, and fed him, and clothed him, and welcomed him there! Oh friends, he is efficiency economics essay happy; then dry up your tears! His spirit has seen our distress, and sent us a helper whom with pleasure we greet. Dickewamis has come: then let us receive her with joy! She is handsome and pleasant! Oh! she is our sister, and gladly we welcome her here. British Library? In the place of our brother she stands in our tribe.
With care we will guard her from trouble; and may she be happy till her spirit shall leave us.” In the course of that ceremony, from mourning they became serenejoy sparkled in their countenances, and they seemed to pareto efficiency economics rejoice over me as over british library a long lost child. I was made welcome amongst them as a sister to the two Squaws before mentioned, and was called Dickewamis; which being interpreted, signifies a pretty girl, a handsome girl, or a pleasant, good thing. That is the triple line research papers name by which I have ever since been called by the Indians. I afterwards learned that the ceremony I at that time passed through, was that of adoption. The two squaws had lost a brother in Washington's war, sometime in the year before and in consequence of his death went up to Fort Pitt, on the day on which I arrived there, in order to thesis receive a prisoner or an enemy's scalp, to supply their loss. It is a custom of the Indians, when one of their number is slain or taken prisoner in battle, to give to the nearest relative to construction management the dead or absent, a prisoner, if they have chanced to take one, and if not, to give him the british library thesis scalp of an enemy. On the return of the Indians from conquest, which is always announced by peculiar shoutings, demonstrations of joy, and the exhibition of some trophy of victory, the mourners come forward and make their claims. If they receive a prisoner, it is at essay environmental protection and conservation their option either to satiate their vengeance by taking his life in the most cruel manner they can conceive of; or, to receive and adopt him into the family, in the place of him whom they have lost. All the prisoners that are taken in battle and carried to the encampment or town by the Indians, are given to british thesis digitisation the bereaved families, till their number is made good.
And unless the mourners have but just received the news of their bereavement, and are under the operation of environmental, a paroxysm of grief, anger and revenge; or, unless the prisoner is very old, sickly, or homely, they generally save him, and treat him kindly. But if their mental wound is fresh, their loss so great that they deem it irreparable, or if their prisoner or prisoners do not meet their approbation, no torture, let it be ever so cruel, seems sufficient to make them satisfaction. It is family, and not national, sacrifices amongst the Indians, that has given them an indelible stamp as barbarians, and library thesis, identified their character with the idea which is generally formed of unfeeling ferocity, and about vandalism, the most abandoned cruelty. It was my happy lot to be accepted for adoption; and at the time of the ceremony I was received by thesis digitisation, the two squaws, to supply the place of their brother in the family; and I was ever considered and treated by them as a real sister, the same as though I had been born of their mother. During my adoption, I sat motionless, nearly terrified to death at the appearance and actions of the company, expecting every moment to feel their vengeance, and suffer death on the spot. Pareto Efficiency? I was, however, happily disappointed, when at the close of the ceremony the library thesis digitisation company retired, and my sisters went about employing every means for my consolation and comfort. Being now settled and provided with a home, I was employed in nursing the children, and doing light work about the pareto house. Occasionally I was sent out with the Indian hunters, when they went but a short distance, to help them carry their game.
My situation was easy; I had no particular hardships to endure. But still, the recollection of my parents, my brothers and sisters, my home, and my own captivity, destroyed my happiness, and made me constantly solitary, lonesome and gloomy. My sisters would not allow me to speak English in their hearing; but remembering the charge that my dear mother gave me at the time I left her, whenever I chanced to be alone I made a business of library, repeating my prayer, catechism, or something I had learned in order that I might not forget my own language. By practising in that way I retained it till I came to construction Genesee flats, where I soon became acquainted with English people with whom I have been almost daily in thesis digitisation, the habit of bottom papers, conversing. My sisters were diligent in teaching me their language; and to their great satisfaction I soon learned so that I could understand it readily, and speak it fluently. I was very fortunate in falling into their hands; for thesis digitisation they were kind good natured women; peaceable and mild in their dispositions; temperate and decent in their habits, and very tender and gentle towards me. I have great reason to respect them, though they have been dead a great number of years. The town where they lived was pleasantly situated on the Ohio, at the mouth of the vandalism Shenanjee: the land produced good corn; the woods furnished a plenty of game, and the waters abounded with fish. British Thesis? Another river emptied itself into to write about, the Ohio, directly opposite the mouth of the Shenanjee. We spent the library thesis digitisation summer at that place, where we planted, hoed, and harvested a large crop of corn, of an excellent quality.
About the about vandalism time of corn harvest, Fort Pitt was taken from the british library French by the English. [Footnote: The above statement is essay about vandalism apparently an error; and thesis digitisation, is to be attributed solely to the treachery of the old lady's memory; though she is confident that that event took place at the time above mentioned. It is pareto essay certain that Fort Pitt was not evacuated by the French and given up to the English, till sometime in November, 1758. It is british thesis digitisation possible, however, that an armistice was agreed upon, and that for good movies to write a time, between the spring of 1755 and 1758, both nations visited that post without fear of british library, molestation. Essay About Environmental Protection And Conservation? As the succeeding part of the narrative corresponds with the true historical chain of events, the public will overlook this circumstance, which appears unsupported by history. AUTHOR.] The corn being harvested, the Indians took it on horses and in canoes, and proceeded down the Ohio, occasionally stopping to hunt a few days, till we arrived at the mouth of british library thesis, Sciota river; where they established their winter quarters, and continued hunting till the ensuing spring, in the adjacent wilderness. While at thesis disease that place I went with the other children to british digitisation assist the hunters to bring in their game. The forests on about the Sciota were well stocked with elk, deer, and other large animals; and the marshes contained large numbers of beaver, muskrat, c. which made excellent hunting for the Indians; who depended, for their meat, upon their success in taking elk and deer; and for ammunition and library, clothing, upon the beaver, muskrat, and other furs that they could take in good movies to write about, addition to their peltry.
The season for hunting being passed, we all returned in the spring to the mouth of the river Shenanjee, to the houses and fields we had left in the fall before. There we again planted our corn, squashes, and library thesis digitisation, beans, on the fields that we occupied the preceding summer. About planting time, our Indians all went up to Fort Pitt, to make peace with the British, and took me with them. [Footnote: History is silent as to any treaty having been made between the essay about protection English, and French and Indians, at that time; though it is possible that a truce was agreed upon, and that the parties met for the purpose of british thesis, concluding a treaty of peace.] We landed on the opposite movies, side of the river from the fort, and encamped for the night. Early the library digitisation next morning the Indians took me over to the fort to see the on pelvic white people that were there. It was then that my heart bounded to thesis digitisation be liberated from the Indians and to be restored to my friends and my country. The white people were surprized to see me with the Indians, enduring the hardships of a savage life, at so early an age, and with so delicate a constitution as I appeared to possess. They asked me my name; where and when I was takenand appeared very much interested on my behalf.
They were continuing their inquiries, when my sisters became alarmed, believing that I should be taken from them, hurried me into their canoe and recrossed the rivertook their bread out of the fire and fled with me, without stopping, till they arrived at essays the river Shenanjee. So great was their fear of losing me, or of my being given up in library thesis, the treaty, that they never once stopped rowing till they got home. Shortly after we left the shore opposite the fort, as I was informed by one of my Indian brothers, the white people came over to take me back; but after considerable inquiry, and having made diligent search to find where I was hid, they returned with heavy hearts. Although I had then been with the economics essay Indians something over a year, and had become considerably habituated to their mode of living, and attached to my sisters, the british library digitisation sight of on pelvic inflammatory disease, white people who could speak English inspired me with an unspeakable anxiety to go home with them, and share in the blessings of civilization. British Library Digitisation? My sudden departure and escape from essay vandalism them, seemed like a second captivity, and for a long time I brooded the thoughts of my miserable situation with almost as much sorrow and dejection as I had done those of my first sufferings. Time, the destroyer of library digitisation, every affection, wore away my unpleasant feelings, and I became as contented as before. We tended our cornfields through the summer; and after we had harvested the crop, we again went down the river to the hunting ground on the Sciota, where we spent the winter, as we had done the winter before. Early in the spring we sailed up the Ohio river, to essay environmental and conservation a place that the british digitisation Indians called Wiishto, [Footnote: Wiishto I suppose was situated near the mouth of Indian Guyundat, 327 miles below Pittsburgh, and 73 above Big Sciota; or at good movies to write essays about the mouth of Swan creek, 307 miles below Pittsburgh.] where one river emptied into the Ohio on one side, and another on the other. At that place the Indians built a town, and we planted corn. We lived three summers at Wiishto, and spent each winter on the Sciota.
The first summer of our living at Wiishto, a party of Delaware Indians came up the river, took up their residence, and lived in common with us. They brought five white prisoners with them, who by their conversation, made my situation much more agreeable, as they could all speak English. I have forgotten the names of all of them except one, which was Priscilla Ramsay. She was a very handsome, good natured girl, and was married soon after she came to Wiishto to Capt. British Library? Little Billy's uncle, who went with her on vandalism a visit to british library digitisation her friends in the states. Having tarried with them as long as she wished to, she returned with her husband to Can-a-ah-tua, where he died. She, after his death, married a white man by the name of Nettles, and now lives with him (if she is efficiency economics living) on british Grand River, Upper Canada. Not long after the good movies essays Delawares came to live with us, at british Wiishto, my sisters told me that I must go and pareto efficiency economics essay, live with one of them, whose name was Sheninjee. Not daring to library thesis digitisation cross them, or disobey their commands, with a great degree of reluctance I went; and Sheninjee and I were married according to Indian custom. Sheninjee was a noble man; large in stature; elegant in his appearance; generous in dissertation, his conduct; courageous in war; a friend to peace, and a great lover of justice.
He supported a degree of dignity far above his rank, and merited and received the british library thesis digitisation confidence and friendship of all the tribes with whom he was acquainted. Yet, Sheninjee was an Indian. The idea of spending my days with him, at first seemed perfectly irreconcilable to my feelings: but his good nature, generosity, tenderness, and construction management, friendship towards me, soon gained my affection; and, strange as it may seem, I loved him!To me he was ever kind in sickness, and library thesis, always treated me with gentleness; in fact, he was an agreeable husband, and a comfortable companion. We lived happily together till the time of our final separation, which happened two or three years after our marriage, as I shall presently relate. In the inflammatory disease second summer of my living at Wiishto, I had a child at the time that the kernels of corn first appeared on the cob.
When I was taken sick, Sheninjee was absent, and I was sent to a small shed, on the bank of the thesis river, which was made of boughs, where I was obliged to stay till my husband returned. My two sisters, who were my only companions, attended me, and on the second day of my confinement my child was born but it lived only two days. Vandalism? It was a girl: and notwithstanding the shortness of the time that I possessed it, it was a great grief to library me to lose it. After the birth of my child, I was very sick, but was not allowed to go into the house for two weeks; when, to my great joy, Sheninjee returned, and I was taken in and as comfortably provided for as our situation would admit of. My disease continued to increase for a number of days; and I became so far reduced that my recovery was despaired of by my friends, and I concluded that my troubles would soon be finished. At length, however, my complaint took a favorable turn, and by the time that the corn was ripe I was able to essay about environmental get about. I continued to gain my health, and in the fall was able to library digitisation go to environmental our winter quarters, on the Sciota, with the Indians.
From that time, nothing remarkable occurred to me till the fourth winter of library, my captivity, when I had a son born, while I was at construction management dissertation Sciota: I had a quick recovery, and my child was healthy. To commemorate the name of my much lamented father, I called my son Thomas Jemison. She leaves Wiishto for british library thesis Fort Pitt, in company with her Husband.Her feelings on setting out.Contrast between the labor of the white and Indian Women.Deficiency of triple, Arts amongst the Indians.Their former Happiness.Baneful effects of british thesis, Civilization, and the introduction of triple research, ardent Spirits amongst them, c.Journey up the River.Murder of library thesis digitisation, three Traders by the Shawnees.Her Husband stops at essay about environmental protection a Trading House.Wantonness of the british library thesis digitisation Shawnees.Moves up the Sandusky.Meets her Brother from research papers Ge-nish-a-u.Her Husband goes to Wiishto, and she sets out for Genishau in company with her Brothers.They arrive at Sandusky.Occurrences at that place.Her Journey to library thesis Genishau, and Reception by her Mother and Friends. In the vandalism spring, when Thomas was three or four moons [months] old, we returned from Sciota to Wiishto, and soon after set out to go to Fort Pitt, to dispose of our fur and skins, that we had taken in the winter, and procure some necessary articles for the use of our family. I had then been with the Indians four summers and four winters, and had become so far accustomed to library thesis digitisation their mode of living, habits and dispositions, that my anxiety to get away, to pareto efficiency be set at liberty, and leave them, had almost subsided. With them was my home; my family was there, and there I had many friends to whom I was warmly attached in consideration of the favors, affection and thesis, friendship with which they had uniformly treated me, from the time of my adoption. Our labor was not severe; and that of one year was exactly similar, in almost every respect, to that of the others, without that endless variety that is to be observed in construction, the common labor of the white people.
Notwithstanding the library Indian women have all the fuel and bread to procure, and the cooking to perform, their task is probably not harder than that of good movies essays, white women, who have those articles provided for them; and their cares certainly are not half as numerous, nor as great. British Library? In the summer season, we planted, tended and harvested our corn, and generally had all our children with us; but had no master to oversee or drive us, so that we could work as leisurely as we pleased. Good Movies To Write Essays About? We had no ploughs on the Ohio; but performed the whole process of planting and hoeing with a small tool that resembled, in some respects, a hoe with a very short handle. Our cooking consisted in pounding our corn into samp or hommany, boiling the hommany, making now and then a cake and baking it in the ashes, and in boiling or roasting our venison. As our cooking and eating utensils consisted of a hommany block and pestle, a small kettle, a knife or two, and a few vessels of bark or wood, it required but little time to keep them in order for use. Spinning, weaving, sewing, stocking knitting, and the like, are arts which have never been practised in the Indian tribes generally.
After the revolutionary war, I learned to british sew, so that I could make my own clothing after a poor fashion; but the other domestic arts I have been wholly ignorant of the essay environmental application of, since my captivity. In the season of hunting, it was our business, in library, addition to our cooking, to management dissertation bring home the game that was taken by the Indians, dress it, and carefully preserve the eatable meat, and prepare or dress the skins. Our clothing was fastened together with strings of deer skin, and tied on with the british digitisation same. In that manner we lived, without any of those jealousies, quarrels, and revengeful battles between families and triple bottom papers, individuals, which have been common in library digitisation, the Indian tribes since the introduction of ardent spirits amongst them. The use of essay about vandalism, ardent spirits amongst the Indians, and the attempts which have been made to civilize and christianize them by the white people, has constantly made them worse and worse; increased their vices, and robbed them of many of their virtues; and will ultimately produce their extermination. I have seen, in a number of instances, the effects of education upon some of our Indians, who were taken when young, from british library digitisation their families, and placed at school before they had had an opportunity to contract many Indian habits, and about, there kept till they arrived to manhood; but I have never seen one of those but what was an Indian in thesis, every respect after he returned. Indians must and will be Indians, In spite of all the means that can be used for their cultivation in the sciences and arts.
One thing only pareto efficiency economics essay marred my happiness, while I lived with them on the Ohio; and british library thesis digitisation, that was the recollection that I had once had tender parents, and a home that I loved. Aside from that consideration, or, if I had been taken in infancy, I should have been contented in my situation. Notwithstanding all that has been said against the Indians, in movies to write essays, consequence of their cruelties to their enemiescruelties that I have witnessed, and had abundant proof ofit is a fact that they are naturally kind, tender and peaceable towards their friends, and strictly honest; and that those cruelties have been practised, only upon their enemies, according to their idea of justice. At the time we left Wiishto, it was impossible for me to suppress a sigh of british thesis digitisation, regret on parting with those who had truly been my friendswith those whom I had every reason to research papers respect. On account of a part of our family living at Genishau, we thought it doubtful whether we should return directly from british digitisation Pittsburgh, or go from thence on a visit to see them. Our company consisted of my husband, my two Indian brothers, my little son and essay vandalism, myself.
We embarked in a canoe that was large enough to contain ourselves, and our effects, and proceeded on our voyage up the river. Nothing remarkable occurred to thesis digitisation us on on pelvic disease our way, till we arrived at the mouth of library digitisation, a creek which Sheninjee and my brother said was the outlet of Sandusky lake; where, as they said, two or three English traders in fur and skins had kept a trading house but a short time before, though they were then absent. We had passed the trading house but a short distance, when we met three white men floating down the river, with the appearance of having been recently murdered by the Indians, we supposed them to be the bodies of the about traders, whose store we had passed the thesis digitisation same day. Sheninjee being alarmed for fear of being apprehended as one of the murderers, if he should go on, resolved to essay put about library thesis immediately, and we accordingly returned to where the pareto efficiency economics essay traders had lived, and there landed. At the trading house we found a party of Shawnee Indians, who had taken a young white man prisoner, and had just begun to torture him for the sole purpose of thesis digitisation, gratifying their curiosity in construction dissertation, exulting at thesis digitisation his distress. They at essay first made him stand up, while they slowly pared his ears and split them into strings; they then made a number of slight incisions in his face; and then bound him upon library digitisation, the ground, rolled him in the dirt, and about and conservation, rubbed it in his wounds: some of them at the same time whipping him with small rods! The poor fellow cried for mercy and yelled most piteously. The sight of his distress seemed too much for me to british library thesis digitisation endure: I begged of them to desistI entreated them with tears to pareto essay release him.
At length they attended to my intercessions, and set him at liberty. He was shockingly disfigured, bled profusely, and appeared to be in great pain: but as soon as he was liberated he made off in haste, which was the last I saw of him. We soon learned that the same party of Shawnees had, but a few hours before, massacred the thesis digitisation three white traders whom we saw in the river, and had plundered their store. We, however, were not molested by them, and after a short stay at that place, moved up the creek about forty miles to a Shawnee town, which the thesis on pelvic disease Indians called Gaw-gush-shaw-ga, (which being interpreted signifies a mask or a false face.) The creek that we went up was called Candusky. It was now summer; and british library thesis digitisation, having tarried a few days at Gawgushshawga, we moved on up the creek to triple bottom papers a place that was called Yis-kah-wa-na, (meaning in English open mouth.) As I have before observed, the family to which I belonged was part of a tribe of Seneca Indians, who lived, at that time, at a place called Genishau, from the name of the british digitisation tribe, that was situated on a river of the essays about same name which is now called Genesee. The word Genishau signifies a shining, clear or open place. Those of us who lived on the Ohio, had frequently received invitations from those at Genishau, by one of my brothers, who usually went and returned every season, to come and british library, live with them, and my two sisters had been gone almost two years. While we were at Yiskahwana, my brother arrived there from Genishau, and insisted so strenuously upon our going home (as he called it) with him, that my two brothers concluded to go, and to essay about environmental take me with them. By this time the british digitisation summer was gone, and the time for harvesting corn had arrived. Movies To Write? My brothers, for fear of the rainy season setting in early, thought it best to set out immediately that we might have good travelling. Sheninjee consented to have me go with my brothers; but concluded to go down the river himself with some fur and skins which he had on hand, spend the winter in hunting with his friends, and come to me in library, the spring following.
That was accordingly agreed upon, and he set out for Wiishto; and my three brothers and myself, with my little son on my back, at the same time set out for Genishau. We came on to Upper Sandusky, to an Indian town that we found deserted by its inhabitants, in consequence of their having recently murdered some English traders, who resided amongst them. That town was owned and had been occupied by Delaware Indians, who, when they left it, buried their provision in the earth, in construction management dissertation, order to preserve it from their enemies, or to british digitisation have a supply for themselves if they should chance to pareto economics return. My brothers understood the customs of the Indians when they were obliged to thesis fly from their enemies; and suspecting that their corn at least must have been hid, made diligent search, and at length found a large quantity of it, together with beans, sugar and honey, so carefully buried that it was completely dry and as good as when they left it. As our stock of essay, provision was scanty, we considered ourselves extremely fortunate in finding so seasonable a supply, with so little trouble. Having caught two or three horses, that we found there, and furnished ourselves with a good store of food, we travelled on till we came to the mouth of French Creek, where we hunted two days, and digitisation, from thence came on to Conowongo Creek, where we were obliged to stay seven or ten days, in consequence of our horses having left us and straying into the woods. The horses, however, were found, and we again prepared to construction management resume our journey. During our stay at that place the rain fell fast, and had raised the creek to such a height that it was seemingly impossible for british library digitisation us to cross it.
A number of times we ventured in, but were compelled to return, barely escaping with our lives. At length we succeeded in swimming our horses and reached the opposite to write about, shore; though I but just escaped with my little boy from thesis being drowned. From Sandusky the construction dissertation path that we travelled was crooked and obscure; but was tolerably well understood by my oldest brother, who had travelled it a number of times, when going to and returning from the Cherokee wars. The fall by this time was considerably advanced, and the rains, attended with cold winds, continued daily to increase the difficulties of travelling. From Conowongo we came to a place, called by the Indians Che-ua-shung-gau-tau, and british digitisation, from that to U-na-waum-gwa, (which means an eddy, not strong), where the early frosts had destroyed the corn so that the essay about vandalism Indians were in danger of starving for the want of thesis digitisation, bread. Having rested ourselves two days at that place, we came on thesis on pelvic inflammatory to Caneadea and british digitisation, stayed one day, and then continued our march till we arrived at Genishau. Essay? Genishau at that time was a large Seneca town, thickly inhabited, lying on Genesee river, opposite what is thesis digitisation now called the pareto economics essay Free Ferry, adjoining Fall-Brook, and about south west of the present village of Geneseo, the county seat for the county of Livingston, in the state of New-York. Those only who have travelled on foot the distance of five or six hundred miles, through an almost pathless wilderness, can form an idea of the fatigue and sufferings that I endured on that journey.
My clothing was thin and illy calculated to defend me from the continually drenching rains with which I was daily completely wet, and at night with nothing but my wet blanket to cover me, I had to sleep on the naked ground, and generally without a shelter, save such as nature had provided. In addition to all that, I had to carry my child, then about nine months old, every step of the journey on my back, or in my arms, and provide for his comfort and thesis digitisation, prevent his suffering, as far as my poverty of means would admit. Such was the fatigue that I sometimes felt, that I thought it impossible for me to go through, and I would almost abandon the idea of even trying to environmental and conservation proceed. My brothers were attentive, and at length, as I have stated, we reached our place of destination, in good health, and without having experienced a day's sickness from the library thesis time we left Yiskahwana. We were kindly received by triple research, my Indian mother and the other members of the british library digitisation family, who appeared to make me welcome; and my two sisters, whom I had not seen in two years, received me with every expression of construction management, love and friendship, and that they really felt what they expressed, I have never had the least reason to doubt. The warmth of their feelings, the kind reception which I met with, and the continued favors that I received at their hands, rivetted my affection for them so strongly that I am constrained to library thesis digitisation believe that I loved them as I should have loved my own sister had she lived, and I had been brought up with her. Indians march to Niagara to fight the pareto essay British.Return with two Prisoners, c.Sacrifice them at Fall-Brook.Her Indian Mother's Address to thesis her Daughter.Death of her Husband.Bounty offered for the Prisoners taken in the last war.John Van Sice attempts to take her to procure her Ransom.Her Escape.Edict of the pareto economics Chiefs.Old King of the tribe determines to have her given up.Her brother threatens her Life.Her narrow Escape.The old King goes off.Her brother is informed of the place of her concealment, and british library thesis digitisation, conducts her home.Marriage to to write her second Husband.Names of her Children. Library Thesis Digitisation? When we arrived at Genishau, the Indians of that tribe were making active preparations for joining the French, in order to assist them in retaking Fort Ne-a-gaw (as Fort Niagara was called in the Seneca language) from the construction British, who had taken it from the French in the month preceding. They marched off the next day after our arrival, painted and accoutred in library, all the habiliments of Indian warfare, determined on environmental and conservation death or victory; and joined the army in season to assist in accomplishing a plan that had been previously concerted for the destruction of library thesis, a part of the British army. The British feeling themselves secure in the possession of Fort Neagaw, and essays, unwilling that their enemies should occupy any of the military posts in that quarter, determined to take Fort Schlosser, lying a few miles up the river from british thesis digitisation Neagaw, which they expected to effect with but little loss.
Accordingly a detachment of soldiers, sufficiently numerous, as was supposed, was sent out to take it, leaving a strong garrison in the fort, and marched off, well prepared to effect their object. But on their way they were surrounded by the French and pareto economics essay, Indians, who lay in british, ambush to deceive them, and were driven off the bank of the river into a place called the “Devil's Hole,” together with their horses, carriages, artillery, and every thing pertaining to the army. Not a single man escaped being driven off, and of the whole number one only was fortunate enough to escape with his life. [Footnote: For the particulars of that event, see Appendix, No. 1.] Our Indians were absent but a few days, and returned in triumph, bringing with them two white prisoners, and a number of oxen. Those were the about environmental protection and conservation first neat cattle that were ever brought to the Genesee flats.
The next day after their return to Genishau, was set apart as a day of feasting and frolicing, at the expence of the british library digitisation lives of thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease, their two unfortunate prisoners, on whom they purposed to glut their revenge, and british digitisation, satisfy their love for retaliation upon their enemies. My sister was anxious to attend the execution, and to take me with her, to witness the customs of the dissertation warriors, as it was one of the highest kind of frolics ever celebrated in british library thesis, their tribe, and one that was not often attended with so much pomp and parade as it was expected that would be. I felt a kind of anxiety to witness the scene, having never attended an inflammatory disease, execution, and yet I felt a kind of horrid dread that made my heart revolt, and inclined me to step back rather than support the british thesis idea of advancing. On the morning of the execution she made her intention of pareto efficiency economics essay, going to the frolic, and taking me with her, known to our mother, who in the most feeling terms, remonstrated against a step at once so rash and unbecoming the true dignity of our sex: “How, my daughter, (said she, addressing my sister,) “how can you even think of attending the feast and seeing the unspeakable torments that those poor unfortunate prisoners must inevitably suffer from the hands of our warriors? How can you stand and see them writhing in the warriors' fire, in all the library agonies of a slow, a lingering death? How can you think of enduring the sound of their groanings and prayers to the Great Spirit for sudden deliverance from their enemies, or from life? And how can you think of conducting to that melancholy spot your poor sister Dickewamis, (meaning myself), who has so lately been a prisoner, who has lost her parents and brothers by the hands of the bloody warriors, and who has felt all the horrors of the loss of her freedom, in lonesome captivity? Oh! how can you think of making her bleed at the wounds which now are but partially healed?
The recollection of her former troubles would deprive us of Dickewamis, and on pelvic disease, she would depart to the fields of the blessed, where fighting has ceased, and the corn needs no tendingwhere hunting is easy, the forests delightful, the summers are pleasant, and the winters are mild!O! think once, my daughter, how soon you may have a brave brother made prisoner in battle, and british library digitisation, sacrificed to feast the ambition of the enemies of his kindred, and leave us to mourn for disease the loss of a friend, a son and a brother, whose bow brought us venison, and supplied us with blankets!Our task is quite easy at home, and our business needs our attention. With war we have nothing to do: our husbands and brothers are proud to library defend us, and their hearts beat with ardor to meet our proud foes. Oh! stay then, my daughter; let our warriors alone perform on their victims their customs of war!” This speech of our mother had the desired effect; we stayed at home and attended to our domestic concerns. The prisoners, however, were executed by thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease, having their heads taken off, their bodies cut in pieces and shockingly mangled, and then burnt to ashes!They were burnt on the north side of Fall-brook, directly opposite british library digitisation, the town which was on the south side, some time in the month of November, 1759. I spent the winter comfortably, and movies to write about, as agreeably as I could have expected to, in the absence of my kind husband. Spring at length appeared, but Sheninjee was yet away; summer came on, but my husband had not found me. Fearful forebodings haunted my imagination; yet I felt confident that his affection for me was so great that if he was alive he would follow me and I should again see him. In the course of the summer, however, I received intelligence that soon after he left me at Yiskahwana he was taken sick and died at Wiishto. British Thesis? This was a heavy and an unexpected blow. I was now in my youthful days left a widow, with one son, and good to write essays about, entirely dependent on myself for his and my support. My mother and british library thesis digitisation, her family gave me all the consolation in their power, and in a few months nay grief wore off and I became contented.
In a year or two after this, according to my best recollection of the time, the King of England offered a bounty to those who would bring in the prisoners that had been taken in the war, to some military post where they might be redeemed and line papers, set at liberty. John Van Sice, a Dutchman, who had frequently been at our place, and was well acquainted with every prisoner at Genishau, resolved to take me to Niagara, that I might there receive my liberty and he the offered bounty. I was notified of his intention; but as I was fully determined not to be redeemed at that time, especially with his assistance, I carefully watched his movements in order to avoid falling into his hands. It so happened, however, that he saw me alone at work in a corn-field, and thinking probably that he could secure me easily, ran towards me in great haste. I espied him at some distance, and well knowing the amount of his errand, run from him with all the british library digitisation speed I was mistress of, and never once stopped till I reached Gardow. [Footnote: I have given this orthography, because it corresponds with the popular pronunciation.] He gave up the movies to write essays about chase, and thesis, returned: but I, fearing that he might be lying in wait for me, stayed three days and three nights in an old cabin at Gardow, and then went back trembling at every step for fear of being apprehended. I got home without difficulty; and essay vandalism, soon after, the chiefs in council having learned the cause of british library digitisation, my elopement, gave orders that I should not be taken to any military post without my consent; and that as it was my choice to stay, I should live amongst them quietly and undisturbed. But, notwithstanding the will of the chiefs, it was but a few days before the old king of pareto efficiency economics essay, our tribe told one of my Indian brothers that I should be redeemed, and he would take me to Niagara himself. In reply to the old king, my brother said that I should not be given up; but that, as it was my wish, I should stay with the tribe as long as I was pleased to. Upon this a serious quarrel ensued between them, in british, which my brother frankly told him that sooner than I should be taken by force, he would kill me with his own hands!Highly enraged at the old king; my brother came to my sister's house, where I resided, and pareto, informed her of all that had passed respecting me; and that, if the library thesis old king should attempt to take me, as he firmly believed he would, he would immediately take my life, and hazard the consequences. He returned to the old king.
As soon as I came in, my sister told me what she had just heard, and what she expected without doubt would befal me. Full of essays about, pity, and anxious for my preservation, she then directed me to take my child and go into some high weeds at no great distance from the house, and there hide myself and lay still till all was silent in the house, for my brother, she said, would return at evening and let her know the final conclusion of the matter, of which she promised to british library thesis inform me in the following manner: If I was to be killed, she said she would bake a small cake and lay it at the door, on essay environmental and conservation the outside, in british thesis digitisation, a place that she then pointed out to essay about me. When all was silent in the house, I was to creep softly to british digitisation the door, and if the pareto cake could not be found in the place specified, I was to go in: but if the cake was there, I was to take my child and; go as fast as I possibly could to a large spring on the south side of Samp's Creek, (a place that I had often seen,) and there wait till I should by some means hear from library thesis digitisation her. Alarmed for my own safety, I instantly followed her advice, and construction, went into the weeds, where I lay in a state of the greatest anxiety, till all was silent in the house, when I crept to the door, and there found, to my great distress, the library little cake! I knew my fate was fixed, unless I could keep secreted till the storm was over, and accordingly crept back to the weeds, where my little Thomas lay, took him on my back, and laid my course for the spring as fast as my legs would carry me. Management Dissertation? Thomas was nearly three years old, and very large and heavy. I got to british the spring early in on pelvic inflammatory, the morning, almost overcome with fatigue, and at the same time fearing that I might be pursued and taken, I felt my life an almost insupportable burthen. I sat down with my child at the spring, and he and I made a breakfast of the british thesis little cake, and water of the spring, which I dipped and supped with the only implement which I possessed, my hand. In the essay about environmental morning after I fled, as was expected, the old King came to our house in search of me, and to take me off; but, as I was not to british library be found, he gave me up, and went to Niagara with the prisoners he had already got into his possession.
As soon as the old King was fairly out of the way, my sister told my brother where he could find me. He immediately set out for on pelvic the spring, and british library, found me about noon. The first sight of him made me tremble with the fear of death; but when he came near, so that I could discover his countenance, tears of joy flowed down my cheeks, and efficiency essay, I felt such a kind of instant relief as no one can possibly experience, unless when under the absolute sentence of death he receives an unlimited pardon. We were both rejoiced at the event of the old King's project; and after staying at the spring through the night, set out british library digitisation, together for home early in the morning. When we got to a cornfield near the town, my brother secreted me till he could go and ascertain how my case stood; and finding that the environmental protection old King was absent, and that all was peaceable, he returned to me, and I went home joyfully. Library Digitisation? Not long after this, my mother went to Johnstown, on the Mohawk river, with five prisoners, who were redeemed by Sir William Johnson, and set at liberty. When my son Thomas was three or four years old, I was married to an Indian, whose name was Hiokatoo, commonly called Gardow, by essay environmental protection and conservation, whom I had four daughters and two sons.
I named my children, principally, after my relatives, from whom I was parted, by thesis digitisation, calling my girls Jane, Nancy, Betsey and Polly, and pareto efficiency economics, the boys John and Jesse. Jane died about twenty-nine years ago, in the month of August, a little before the great Council at Big-Tree, aged about fifteen years. My other daughters are yet living, and have families. Library Thesis Digitisation? Peace amongst the Indians.Celebrations.Worship. Exercises.Business of the essay Tribes.Former Happiness of the Indians in time of peace extolled.Their Morals; Fidelity; Honesty; Chastity; Temperance. Indians called to German Flats.Treaty with Americans.They are sent for by the library digitisation British Commissioners, and go to thesis Oswego.Promises made by those Commissioners.Greatness of the library thesis digitisation King of essay vandalism, England. Reward that was paid them for library joining the British. They make a Treaty.Bounty offered for Scalps. Return richly dressed and equipped.In 1776 they kill a man at Cautega to triple bottom line provoke the Americans. Prisoners taken at Cherry Valley, brought to Beard's Town; redeemed, c.Battle at Fort Stanwix.Indians suffer a great loss.Mourning at library Beard's Town.Mrs.
Jemison's care of and services rendered to Butler and Brandt. After the thesis on pelvic disease conclusion of the French war, our tribe had nothing to trouble it till the commencement of the digitisation Revolution. For twelve or fifteen years the use of the implements of war was not known, nor the war-whoop heard, save on days of festivity, when the achievements of former times were commemorated in a kind of mimic warfare, in which the thesis on pelvic disease chiefs and warriors displayed their prowess, and illustrated their former adroitness, by laying the library ambuscade, surprizing their enemies, and protection and conservation, performing many accurate manoeuvres with the tomahawk and scalping knife; thereby preserving and handing to their children, the theory of Indian warfare. During that period they also pertinaciously observed the religious rites of their progenitors, by attending with the most scrupulous exactness and a great degree of enthusiasm to british thesis digitisation the sacrifices, at particular times, to appease the anger of the evil deity, or to excite the commisseration and essay about environmental protection, friendship of the Great Good Spirit, whom they adored with reverence, as the author, governor, supporter and disposer of every good thing of british library, which they participated. Inflammatory Disease? They also practised in various athletic games, such as running, wrestling, leaping, and playing ball, with a view that their bodies might be more supple, or rather that they might not become enervated, and that they might be enabled to make a proper selection of Chiefs for the councils of the nation and leaders for war. While the Indians were thus engaged in their round of traditionary performances, with the addition of hunting, their women attended to agriculture, their families, and a few domestic concerns of small consequence, and attended with but little labor. No people can live more happy than the library digitisation Indians did in times of peace, before the introduction of spirituous liquors amongst them. Their lives were a continual round of pleasures.
Their wants were few, and easily satisfied; and their cares were only for to-day; the bounds of their calculations for future comfort not extending to the incalculable uncertainties of to-morrow. If peace ever dwelt with men, it was in former times, in the recesses from war, amongst what are now termed barbarians. The moral character of the Indians was (if I may be allowed the expression) uncontaminated. Essay About Vandalism? Their fidelity was perfect, and became proverbial; they were strictly honest; they despised deception and falsehood; and chastity was held in high veneration, and british thesis digitisation, a violation of it was considered sacrilege. They were temperate in their desires, moderate in their passions, and candid and honorable in the expression of their sentiments on every subject of importance. Thus, at peace amongst themselves, and with the neighboring whites, though there were none at that time very near, our Indians lived quietly and peaceably at home, till a little before the breaking out of the revolutionary war, when they were sent for, together with the inflammatory disease Chiefs and members of the Six Nations generally, by the people of the States, to go to library thesis the German Flats, and construction management, there hold a general council, in order that the people of the states might ascertain, in good season, who they should esteem and treat as enemies, and who as friends, in british thesis, the great war which was then upon the point of breaking out good to write essays, between them and the King of England. Our Indians obeyed the call, and the council was holden, at british library which the pipe of peace was smoked, and a treaty made, in which the Six Nations solemnly agreed that if a war should eventually break out, they would not take up arms on either side; but that they would observe a strict neutrality. To Write Essays About? With that the people of the states were satisfied, as they had not asked their assistance, nor did not wish it. The Indians returned to their homes well pleased that they could live on neutral ground, surrounded by the din of war, without being engaged in it.
About a year passed off, and we, as usual, were enjoying ourselves in the employments of british, peaceable times, when a messenger arrived from the British Commissioners, requesting all the Indians of our tribe to essay about attend a general council which was soon to be held at british thesis Oswego. The council convened, and being opened, the British Commissioners informed the Chiefs that the object of calling a council of the Six Nations, was, to engage their assistance in good movies to write essays about, subduing the rebels, the people of the states, who had risen up against the good King, their master, and were about to library thesis rob him of a great part of his possessions and wealth, and added that they would amply reward them for all their services. The Chiefs then arose, and informed the Commissioners of the nature and extent of the treaty which they had entered into bottom research papers, with the people of the states, the year before, and that they should not violate it by taking up the british library digitisation hatchet against them. About? The Commissioners continued their entreaties without success, till they addressed their avarice, by telling our people that the people of the states were few in british thesis digitisation, number, and easily subdued; and that on the account of their disobedience to the King, they justly merited all the good movies to write essays about punishment that it was possible for white men and Indians to inflict upon them; and added, that the King was rich and library, powerful, both in money and subjects: That his rum was as plenty as the thesis inflammatory disease water in lake Ontario: that his men were as numerous as the sands upon thesis, the lake shore:and that the Indians, if they would assist in the war, and persevere in essays about, their friendship to the King, till it was closed, should never want for money or goods. Upon this the british library digitisation Chiefs concluded a treaty with the essay about British Commissioners, in which they agreed to take up arms against the rebels, and continue in the service of thesis, his Majesty till they were subdued, in consideration of certain conditions which were stipulated in the treaty to vandalism be performed by the British government and its agents. As soon as the treaty was finished, the Commissioners made a present to each Indian of a suit of clothes, a brass kettle, a gun and tomahawk, a scalping knife, a quantity of powder and lead a piece of gold, and thesis, promised a bounty on every scalp that should be brought in. Thus richly clad and equipped, they returned home, after an absence of about two weeks, full of the fire of war, and movies to write, anxious to encounter their enemies.
Many of the kettles which the Indians received at that time are now in use on the Genesee Flats. Hired to digitisation commit depredations upon the whites, who had given them no offence, they waited impatiently to commence their labor, till sometime in movies about, the spring of 1776, when a convenient opportunity offered for them to make an british thesis, attack. At that time, a party of our Indians were at Cau-te-ga, who shot a man that was looking after his horse, for the sole purpose, as I was informed by my Indian brother, who was present, of commencing hostilities. In May following, our Indians were in their first battle with the Americans; but at what place I am unable to determine. While they were absent at that time, my daughter Nancy was born. The same year, at Cherry Valley, our Indians took a woman and her three daughters prisoners, and essay about protection, brought them on, leaving one at library Canandaigua, one at Honeoy, one at Cattaraugus, and about protection, one (the woman) at thesis digitisation Little Beard's Town, where I resided. The woman told me that she and her daughters might have escaped, but that they expected the British army only, and therefore made no effort. Her husband and sons got away. And Conservation? Sometime having elapsed, they were redeemed at Fort Niagara by Col. Butler, who clothed them well, and sent them home. In the same expedition, Joseph Smith was taken prisoner at or near Cherry Valley, brought to Genesee, and detained till after the revolutionary war.
He was then liberated, and the Indians made him a present, in british thesis, company with Horatio Jones, of 6000 acres of essay vandalism, land lying in the present town of Leicester, in the county of Livingston. One of the british thesis digitisation girls just mentioned, was married to a British officer at Fort Niagara, by the name of Johnson, who at the time she was taken, took a gold ring from her finger, without any compliments or ceremonies. When he saw her at Niagara he recognized her features, restored the ring that he had so impolitely borrowed, and courted and married her. Previous to the battle at Fort Stanwix, the British sent for pareto essay the Indians to come and see them whip the rebels; and, at the same time stated that they did not wish to have them fight, but wanted to have them just sit down smoke their pipes, and look on. Our Indians went, to a man; but contrary to their expectation, instead of smoking and looking on, they were obliged to fight for their lives, and in the end of the battle were completely beaten, with a great loss in killed and wounded. Our Indians alone had thirty-six killed, and a great number wounded. Our town exhibited a scene of real sorrow and distress, when our warriors returned and recounted their misfortunes, and stated the british library real loss they had sustained in the engagement. The mourning was excessive, and was expressed by the most doleful yells, shrieks, and howlings, and by inimitable gesticulations. During the revolution, my house was the home of Col's Butler and essay about, Brandt, whenever they chanced to come into our neighborhood as they passed to and from library thesis digitisation Fort Niagara, which was the seat of their military operations.
Many and many a night I have pounded samp for them from sun-set till sun-rise, and furnished them with necessary provision and clean clothing for about their journey. Gen. Sullivan with a large army arrives at Canandaigua.Indians' troubles.Determine to stop their march.Skirmish at british digitisation Connessius Lake.Circumstances attending the Execution of an Oneida warrior. Research Papers? Escape of an Indian Prisoner.Lieut. Boyd and another man taken Prisoners.Cruelty of british, Boyd's Execution.Indians retreat to the woods.Sullivan comes on efficiency to Genesee Flats and destroys the property of the Indians.Returns.Indians return.Mrs. Jemison goes to Gardow.Her Employment there.Attention of an old Negro to her safety, c.Severe Winter.Sufferings of the Indians.Destruction of Game.Indians' Expedition to the Mohawk.Capture old John O'Bail, c.Other Prisoners taken, c. For four or five years we sustained no loss in the war, except in the few who had been killed in distant battles; and our tribe, because of the remoteness of its situation, from the library thesis enemy, felt secure from an attack. At length, in movies about, the fall of 1779, intelligence was received that a large and powerful army of the rebels, under the command of british, General Sullivan, was making rapid progress towards our settlement, burning and research, destroying the british library huts and corn-fields; killing the cattle, hogs and horses, and cutting down the fruit trees belonging to the Indians throughout the country. Our Indians immediately became alarmed, and suffered every thing but death from essay fear that they should be taken by surprize, and totally destroyed at a single blow. But in order to prevent so great a catastrophe, they sent out a few spies who were to library thesis keep themselves at a short distance in front of the invading army, in order to watch its operations, and give information of its advances and success. Construction Management Dissertation? Sullivan arrived at Canandaigua Lake, and had finished his work of destruction there, and british, it was ascertained that he was about to march to our flats, when our Indians resolved to give him battle on management the way, and prevent, if possible, the distresses to which they knew we should be subjected, if he should succeed in reaching our town.
Accordingly they sent all their women and children into the woods a little west of Little Beard's Town, in order that we might make a good retreat if it should be necessary, and then, well armed, set out to face the conquering enemy. The place which they fixed upon for digitisation their battle ground lay between Honeoy Creek and the head of Connessius Lake. At length a scouting party from Sullivan's army arrived at the spot selected, when the Indians arose from their ambush with all the fierceness and terror that it was possible for them to exercise, and directly put the party upon a retreat. Two Oneida Indians were all the thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease prisoners that were taken in that skirmish. One of them was a pilot of Gen. Sullivan, and had been very active in the war, rendering to the people of the library digitisation states essential services. At the commencement of the management dissertation revolution he had a brother older than himself, who resolved to join the British service, and endeavored by all the library art that he was capable of using to persuade his brother to accompany him; but his arguments proved abortive. About? This went to british digitisation the British, and that joined the American army. At this critical juncture they met, one in the capacity of a conqueror, the other in that of a prisoner; and as an Indian seldom forgets a countenance that he has seen, they recognized each other at sight. Envy and revenge glared in triple bottom line research papers, the features of the conquering savage, as he advanced to his brother (the prisoner) in all the haughtiness of british, Indian pride, heightened by a sense of thesis inflammatory disease, power, and british library, addressed him in the following manner: “Brother, you have merited death! The hatchet or the war-club shall finish your career!When I begged of you to follow me in the fortunes of war, you was deaf to my criesyou spurned my entreaties! “Brother! you have merited death and shall have your deserts!
When the rebels raised their hatchets to fight their good master, you sharpened your knife, you brightened your rifle and led on our foes to the fields of our fathers'You have merited death and shall die by our hands! When those rebels had drove us from the fields of our fathers to seek out new homes, it was you who could dare to step forth as their pilot, and conduct them even to the doors of our wigwams, to butcher our children and put us to death! No crime can be greater!But though you have merited death and shall die on this spot, my hands shall not be stained in the blood of a brother! Who will strike ?” Little Beard, who was standing by, as soon as the speech was ended, struck the prisoner on the head with his tomahawk, and despatched him at once! Little Beard then informed the triple research papers other Indian prisoner that as they were at war with the whites only, and not with the Indians, they would spare his life, and after a while give him his liberty in an honorable manner. The Oneida warrior, however, was jealous of Little Beard's fidelity; and suspecting that he should soon fall by his hands, watched for a favorable opportunity to make his escape; which he soon effected. Two Indians were leading him, one on each side, when he made a violent effort, threw them upon british library thesis digitisation, the ground, and run for his life towards where the main body of the management American army was encamped. The Indians pursued him without success; but in their absence they fell in with a small detachment of Sullivan's men, with whom they had a short but severe skirmish, in which they killed a number of the enemy, took Capt. or Lieut. William Boyd and one private, prisoners, and brought them to british library Little Beard's Town, where they were soon after put to bottom research papers death in british thesis digitisation, the most shocking and good movies to write, cruel manner.
Little Beard, in this, as in all other scenes of cruelty that happened at his town, was master of ceremonies, and principal actor. Poor Boyd was stripped of thesis, his clothing, and then tied to a sapling, where the Indians menaced his life by throwing their tomahawks at the tree, directly over his head, brandishing their scalping knives around him in efficiency, the most frightful manner, and accompanying their ceremonies with terrific shouts of joy. British Library? Having punished him sufficiently in this way, they made a small opening in his abdomen, took out an intestine, which they tied to the sapling, and then unbound him from the about environmental tree, and drove him round it till he had drawn out the whole of his intestines. He was then beheaded, his head was stuck upon a pole, and thesis digitisation, his body left on the ground unburied. Thus ended the thesis on pelvic inflammatory life of thesis, poor William Boyd, who, it was said, had every appearance of being an active and enterprizing officer, of the first talents. The other prisoner was (if I remember distinctly) only beheaded and left near Boyd. This tragedy being finished, our Indians again held a short council on protection and conservation the expediency of giving Sullivan battle, if he should continue to advance, and finally came to the conclusion that they were not strong enough to drive him, nor to prevent his taking possession of their fields: but that if it was possible they would escape with their own lives, preserve their families, and leave their possessions to be overrun by the invading army. British Library? The women and children were then sent on still further towards Buffalo, to a large creek that was called by the Indians Catawba, accompanied by a part of the Indians, while the remainder secreted themselves in the woods back of Beard's Town, to watch the movements of the army. At that time I had three children who went with me on foot, one who rode on environmental horse back, and one whom I carried on my back. British Library? Our corn was good that year; a part of which we had gathered and secured for winter. In one or two days after the about and conservation skirmish at Connissius lake, Sullivan and his army arrived at Genesee river, where they destroyed every article of the food kind that they could lay their hands on.
A pan of our corn they burnt, and threw the remainder into british library, the river. They burnt our houses, killed what few cattle and disease, horses they could find, destroyed our fruit trees, and library thesis digitisation, left nothing but the bare soil and timber. But the Indians had eloped and were not to be found. Having crossed and recrossed the river, and finished the work of construction management dissertation, destruction, the army marched off to the east. Our Indians saw them move off, but suspecting that it was Sullivan's intention to watch our return, and then to take us by surprize, resolved that the main body of our tribe should hunt where we then were, till Sullivan had gone so far that there would be no danger of digitisation, his returning to molest us.
This being agreed to, we hunted continually till the thesis on pelvic inflammatory Indians concluded that there could be no risk in british thesis digitisation, our once more taking possession of essay, our lands. Accordingly we all returned; but what were our feelings when we found that there was not a mouthful of any kind of sustenance left, not even enough to library digitisation keep a child one day from essay about perishing with hunger. The weather by this time had become cold and stormy; and library thesis digitisation, as we were destitute of houses and food too, I immediately resolved to take my children and look out for myself, without delay. With this intention I took two of my little ones on dissertation my back, bade the other three follow, and library thesis, the same night arrived on the Gardow flats, where I have ever since resided. At that time, two negroes, who had run away from their masters sometime before, were the only inhabitants of those flats. They lived in a small cabin and essay environmental protection and conservation, had planted and raised a large field of library digitisation, corn, which they had not yet harvested.
As they were in want of help to secure their crop, I hired to them to pareto efficiency husk corn till the library whole was harvested. I have laughed a thousand times to myself when I have thought of the good old negro, who hired me, who fearing that I should get taken or injured by the Indians, stood by me constantly when I was husking, with a loaded gun in his hand, in order to bottom line papers keep off the library enemy, and thereby lost as much labor of his own as he received from me, by paying good wages. Good Movies About? I, however, was not displeased with his attention; for I knew that I should need all the corn that I could earn, even if I should husk the whole. I husked enough for them, to gain for myself, at every tenth string, one hundred strings of ears, which were equal to twenty-five bushels of shelled corn. This seasonable supply made my family comfortable for samp and cakes through the succeeding winter, which was the most severe that I have witnessed since my remembrance. The snow fell about five feet deep, and remained so for a long time, and the weather was extremely cold; so much so indeed, that almost all the game upon british library digitisation, which the pareto efficiency Indians depended for subsistence, perished, and reduced them almost to thesis digitisation a state of starvation through that and three or four succeeding years.
When the movies about snow melted in the spring, deer were found dead upon the ground in vast numbers; and other animals, of every description, perished from the cold also, and were found dead, in multitudes. British Library Thesis Digitisation? Many of our people barely escaped with their lives, and some actually died of hunger and triple bottom line research papers, freezing. But to return from this digression: Having been completely routed at Little Beard's Town, deprived of a house, and without the means of building one in british library, season, after I had finished my husking, and having found from the short acquaintance which I had had with the negroes, that they were kind and friendly, I concluded, at their request, to take up my residence with them for good movies to write essays a while in their cabin, till I should be able to provide a hut for myself. British Thesis Digitisation? I lived more comfortable than I expected to through the economics essay winter, and the next season made a shelter for myself. The negroes continued on my flats two or three years after this, and then left them for library a place that they expected would suit them much better. Pareto Efficiency Economics Essay? But as that land became my own in a few years, by virtue of a deed from the Chiefs of the Six Nations, I have lived there from that to the present time. My flats were cleared before I saw them; and it was the opinion of the oldest Indians that were at Genishau, at the time that I first went there, that all the flats on the Genesee river were improved before any of the Indian tribes ever saw them. I well remember that soon after I went to british library digitisation Little Beard's Town, the banks of Fall-Brook were washed off, which left a large number of human bones uncovered. The Indians then said that those were not the bones of Indians, because they had never heard of any of their dead being buried there; but that they were the bones of management dissertation, a race of british library thesis digitisation, men who a great many moons before, cleared that land and lived on the flats. The next summer after Sullivan's campaign, our Indians, highly incensed at the whites for the treatment they had received, and the sufferings which they had consequently endured, determined to papers obtain some redress by destroying their frontier settlements.
Corn Planter, otherwise called John O'Bail, led the Indians, and library digitisation, an officer by the name of triple research, Johnston commanded the british British in the expedition. The force was large, and so strongly bent upon revenge and vengeance, that seemingly nothing could avert its march, nor prevent its depredations. After leaving Genesee they marched directly to some of the good to write essays about head waters of the Susquehannah river, and thesis digitisation, Schoharie Creek, went down that creek to the Mohawk river, thence up that river to Fort Stanwix, and essay about environmental protection, from thence came home. In their route they burnt a number of places; destroyed all the cattle and other property that fell in their way; killed a number of white people, and brought home a few prisoners. In that expedition, when they came to Fort Plain, on the Mohawk river, Corn Planter and a party of his Indians took old John O'Bail, a white man, and made him a prisoner. Old John O'Bail, in his younger days had frequently passed through the Indian settlements that lay between the Hudson and Fort Niagara, and in some of his excursions had become enamored with a squaw, by british library thesis digitisation, whom he had a son that was called Corn Planter. Corn Planter, was a chief of considerable eminence; and having been informed of his parentage and of the place of his father's residence, took the thesis inflammatory old man at this time, in order that he might make an introduction leisurely, and become acquainted with a man to whom, though a stranger, he was satisfied that he owed his existence. After he had taken the old man, his father, he led him as a prisoner ten or twelve miles up the river, and then stepped before him, faced about, and addressed him in library digitisation, the following terms: “My name is John O'Bail, commonly called Corn Planter. I am your son! you are my father! You are now my prisoner, and construction management dissertation, subject to the customs of Indian warfare: but you shall not be harmed; you need not fear. I am a warrior!
Many are the scalps which I have taken! Many prisoners I have tortured to death! I am your son! I am a warrior! I was anxious to see you, and to greet you in friendship. I went to your cabin and took you by force! But your life shall be spared. Indians love their friends and their kindred, and treat them with kindness. If now you choose to follow the fortune of your yellow son, and to live with our people, I will cherish your old age with plenty of venison, and you shall live easy: But if it is your choice to return to your fields and live with your white children, I will send a party of my trusty young men to british library digitisation conduct you back in triple papers, safety. I respect you, my father; you have been friendly to Indians, and they are your friends.” Old John chose to return. Corn Planter, as good as his word, ordered an escort to attend him home, which they did with the greatest care.
Amongst the prisoners that were brought to Genesee, was William Newkirk, a man by the name of Price, and two negroes. Price lived a while with Little Beard, and afterwards with Jack Berry, an Indian. When he left Jack Berry he went to british library digitisation Niagara, where he now resides. Newkirk was brought to Beard's Town, and lived with Little Beard and at Fort Niagara about one year, and essay, then enlisted under Butler, and british library, went with him on an expedition to the Monongahela. Life of Ebenezer Allen, a Tory.He comes to Gardow.His intimacy with a Nanticoke Squaw.She gives him a Cap.Her Husband's jealousy.Cruelty to his Wife.Hiokatoo's Mandate.Allen supports her.Her Husband is received into environmental and conservation, favor.Allen labors.Purchases Goods.Stops the Indian War.His troubles with the Indians.Marries a Squaw.Is taken and carried to Quebec.Acquitted.Goes to Philadelphia.Returns to Genesee with a Store of Goods, c.Goes to Farming.Moves to Allen's Creek.Builds Mills at Rochester.Drowns a Dutchman.Marries a white Wife.Kills an old Man.Gets a Concubine.Moves to Mt. Morris. British Library Thesis Digitisation? Marries a third Wife and essay vandalism, gets another Concubine.Receives a tract of Land.Sends his Children to other States, c.Disposes of his Land.Moves to library digitisation Grand River, where he dies.His Cruelties. Sometime near the close of the revolutionary war, a white man by the name of Ebenezer Allen, left his people in essay vandalism, the state of Pennsylvania on the account of some disaffection towards his countrymen, and came to british library thesis the Genesee river, to reside with the Indians. He tarried at Genishau a few days, and came up to good essays Gardow, where I then resided.He was, apparently, without any business that would support him; but be soon became acquainted with my son Thomas, with whom he hunted for a long time, and made his home with him at my house; winter came on, and library thesis, he continued his stay. When Allen came to my house, I had a white man living on management dissertation my land, who had a Nanticoke squaw for thesis digitisation his wife, with whom he had lived very peaceably; for he was a moderate man commonly, and she was a kind, gentle, cunning creature. It so happened that he had no hay for his cattle; so that in good movies to write about, the winter he was obliged to thesis digitisation drive them every day, perhaps half a mile from his house, to let them feed on rushes, which in movies to write essays, those days were so numerous as to nearly cover the ground.
Allen having frequently seen the squaw in the fall, took the opportunity when her husband was absent with his cows, daily to make her a visit; and in return for his kindnesses she made and gave him a red cap finished and decorated in the highest Indian style. The husband had for some considerable length of time felt a degree of jealousy that Allen was trespassing upon him with the consent of his squaw; but when he saw Allen dressed in british library digitisation, so fine an Indian cap, and found that his dear Nanticoke had presented it to him, his doubts all left him, and he became so violently enraged that he caught her by the hair of on pelvic inflammatory, her head, dragged her on the ground to my house, a distance of forty rods, and british thesis digitisation, threw her in at the door. Hiokatoo, my husband, exasperated at the sight of so much inhumanity, hastily took down his old tomahawk, which for essay protection and conservation awhile had lain idle, shook it over the cuckold's head, and bade him jogo (i. e. go off.) The enraged husband, well knowing that he should feel a blow if he waited to hear the order repeated, instantly retreated, and went down the river to his cattle. We protected the poor Nanticoke woman, and gave her victuals; and Allen sympathized with her in her misfortunes till spring, when her husband came to her, acknowledged his former errors, and that he had abused her without a cause, promised a reformation, and she received him with every mark of a renewal of her affection. They went home lovingly, and soon after removed to british library thesis Niagara. The same spring, Allen commenced working my flats, and continued to labor there till after the peace in 1783. He then went to Philadelphia on some business that detained him but a few days, and returned with a horse and some dry goods, which he carried to a place that is now called Mount Morris, where he built or bought a small house.
The British and essay environmental protection and conservation, Indians on the Niagara frontier, dissatisfied with the treaty of peace, were determined, at all hazards, to digitisation continue their depredations upon the white settlements which lay between them and Albany. They actually made ready, and were about setting out on an expedition to that effect, when Allen (who by this time understood their customs of pareto economics, war) took a belt of wampum, which he had fraudulently procured, and carried it as a token of peace from the Indians to the commander of the nearest American military post. British Thesis? The Indians were soon answered by good essays, the American officer that the digitisation wampum was cordially accepted and, that a continuance of peace was ardently wished for. The Indians, at this, were chagrined and disappointed beyond measure; but as they held the wampum to be a sacred thing, they dared not to go against the import of its meaning, and immediately buried the hatchet as it respected the people of the United State; and smoked the pipe of peace. They, however, resolved to punish Allen for his officiousness in essay about environmental protection and conservation, meddling with their national affairs, by british, presenting the sacred wampum without their knowledge, and went about devising means for his detection. A party was accordingly despatched from Fort Niagara to apprehend him; with orders to conduct him to that post for trial, or for safe keeping, till such time as his fate should be determined upon in a legal manner. The party came on; but before it arrived at essay about and conservation Gardow, Allen got news of its approach, and fled for safety, leaving the horse and goods that he had brought from Philadelphia, an easy prey to his enemies. He had not been long absent when they arrived at Gardow, where they made diligent search for him till they were satisfied that they could not find him, and then seized the british library thesis digitisation effects which he had left, and returned to Niagara. My son Thomas, went with them, with Allen's horse, and carried the goods. Allen, on finding that his enemies had gone, came back to my house, where he lived as before; but of his return they were soon notified at economics Niagara, and Nettles (who married Priscilla Ramsay) with a small party of Indians came on to take him.
He, however, by some means found that they were near, and thesis digitisation, gave me his box of money and trinkets to keep safely, till he called for it, and again took to the woods. Nettles came on determined at all events to thesis take him before he went back; and, in order to accomplish his design, he, with his Indians, hunted in the day time and lay by at night at british digitisation my house, and in essays about, that way they practised for thesis a number of days. Allen watched the good movies to write motion of his pursuers, and every night after they had gone to rest, came home and got some food, and then returned to his retreat. It was in the fall, and library thesis digitisation, the weather was cold and rainy, so that he suffered extremely. Some nights he sat in my chamber till nearly day-break, while his enemies were below, and when the time arrived I assisted him to escape unnoticed. Nettles at length abandoned the chasewent home, and Allen, all in tatters, came in.
By running in the woods his clothing had become torn into essay about environmental, rags, so that he was in digitisation, a suffering condition, almost naked. Hiokatoo gave him a blanket, and a piece of broadcloth for a pair of trowsers. Allen made his trowsers himself, and then built a raft, on which he went down the river to essay about vandalism his own place at british library digitisation Mount Morris. About that time he married a squaw, whose name was Sally. The Niagara people finding that he was at his own house, came and essay vandalism, took him by surprize when he least expected them, and carried him to Niagara. Fortunately for british digitisation him, it so happened that just as they arrived at the fort, a house took fire and inflammatory disease, his keepers all left him to save the building, if possible. Allen had supposed his doom to be nearly sealed; but finding himself at liberty he took to his heels, left his escort to put out the fire, and ran to Tonnawanta.
There an Indian gave him some refreshment, and a good gun, with which he hastened on british thesis to Little Beard's Town, where he found his squaw. Not daring to risk himself at that place for fear of pareto efficiency, being given up, he made her but a short visit, and came immediately to british library thesis Gardow. Just as he got to the top of the hill above the Gardow flats, he discovered a party of British soldiers and Indians in about vandalism, pursuit of library thesis, him; and in fact they were so near that he was satisfied that they saw him, and concluded that it would be impossible for him to escape. The love of liberty, however, added to triple line research his natural swiftness, gave him sufficient strength to make his escape to his former castle of safety. His pursuers came immediately to british thesis my house, where they expected to have found him secreted, and under my protection. They told me where they had seen him but a few moments before, and triple line papers, that they were confident that it was within my power to british library put him into their hands. As I was perfectly clear of having had any hand in essay about vandalism, his escape, I told them plainly that I had not seen him since he was taken to british digitisation Niagara, and that I could give them no information at all respecting him. Still unsatisfied, and doubting my veracity, they advised my Indian brother to use his influence to essay protection draw from me the secret of his concealment, which they had an british library thesis, idea that I considered of great importance, not only to him but to myself. Essay About? I persisted in my ignorance of library, his situation, and finally they left me. Although I had not seen Allen, I knew his place of security, and was well aware that if I told them the place where he had formerly hid himself, they would have no difficulty in making him a prisoner.
He came to my house in the night, and awoke me with the greatest caution, fearing that some of his enemies might be watching to take him at a time when, and in a place where it would be impossible for him to make his escape. Essay About And Conservation? I got up and assured him that he was then safe; but that his enemies would return early in the morning and search him out if it should be possible. Having given him some victuals, which he received thankfully, I told him to go, but to return the next night to a certain corner of the library digitisation fence near my house where he would find a quantity of meal that I would have well prepared and deposited there for his use. Early the next morning, Nettles and his company came in while I was pounding the meal for Allen, and insisted upon my giving him up. I again told them that I did not know where he was, and essay about, that I could not, neither would I, tell them any thing about him. I well knew that Allen considered his life in my hands; and although it was my intention not to lie, I was fully determined to keep his situation a profound secret. They continued their labor and examined (as they supposed) every crevice, gully, tree and hollow log in the neighboring woods, and at last concluded that he had left the country, and gave him up for british thesis digitisation lost, and management dissertation, went home.
At that time Allen lay in thesis, a secret place in the gulph a short distance above my flats, in a hole that he accidentally found in the rock near the essay about river. At night he came and got the meal at the corner of the fence as I had directed him, and afterwards lived in the gulph two weeks. Each night he came to the pasture and milked one of my cows, without any other vessel in which to british thesis digitisation receive the milk than his hat, out of which he drank it. I supplied him with meal, but fearing to build a fire he was obliged to eat it raw and wash it down with the thesis inflammatory disease milk. Nettles having left our neighborhood, and Allen considering himself safe, left his little cave and came home. I gave him his box of money and trinkets, and he went to his own house at Mount Morris. British? It was generally considered by essay environmental, the Indians of our tribe, that Allen was an innocent man, and that the british library digitisation Niagara people were persecuting him without a just cause. Little Beard, then about to go to the eastward on public business, charged his Indians not to meddle with Allen, but to let him live amongst them peaceably, and enjoy himself with his family and property if he could. Having the good movies about protection of the chief, he felt himself safe, and let his situation be known to the whites from whom he suspected no harm. They, however, were more inimical than our Indians and were easily bribed by Nettles to assist in bringing him to justice.
Nettles came on, and library thesis, the whites, as they had agreed, gave poor Allen up to him. He was bound and carried to Niagara, where he was confined in prison through the winter. In the spring he was taken to Montreal or Quebec for trial, and was honorably acquitted. The crime for which he was tried was, for his having carried the wampum to the Americans, and thereby putting too sudden a stop to their war. From the place of his trial he went directly to Philadelphia, and purchased on credit, a boat load of goods which he brought by water to pareto efficiency Conhocton, where he left them and came to library thesis Mount Morris for assistance to get them brought on. The Indians readily went with horses and brought them to pareto essay his house, where he disposed of his dry goods; but not daring to british library digitisation let the Indians begin to drink strong liquor, for fear of the pareto economics quarrels which would naturally follow, he sent his spirits to my place and we sold them. For his goods he received ginseng roots, principally, and a few skins. Ginseng at british library digitisation that time was plenty, and commanded a high price. We prepared the good movies to write essays whole that he received for british library digitisation the market, expecting that he would carry them to Philadelphia.
In that I was disappointed; for when he had disposed of, and got pay for good movies essays about all his goods, he took the ginseng and skins to Niagara, and there sold them and came home. Tired of dealing in goods, he planted a large field of corn on or near his own land, attended to it faithfully, and succeeded in raising a large crop, which he harvested, loaded into canoes and carried down the thesis river to the mouth of Allen's Creek, then called by the Indians Gin-is-a-ga, where he unloaded it, built him a house, and lived with his family. The next season he planted corn at that place and built a grist and saw mill on Genesee Falls, now called Rochester. At the time Allen built the mills, he had an old German living with him by the name of about environmental protection and conservation, Andrews, whom he sent in a canoe down the river with his mill irons. Allen went down at the same time; but before they got to the mills Allen threw the old man overboard and drowned him, as it was then generally believed, for he was never seen or heard of thesis, afterwards. In the course of the management dissertation season in which Allen built his mills, he became acquainted with the daughter of a white man, who was moving to Niagara.
She was handsome, and Allen soon got into her good graces, so that be married and took her home, to be a joint partner with Sally, the british thesis squaw, whom she had never heard of till she got home and found her in full possession; but it was too late for her to environmental protection and conservation retrace the hasty steps she had taken, for library digitisation her father had left her in essay environmental, the care of a tender husband and gone on. British Library Digitisation? She, however, found that she enjoyed at triple least an equal half of her husband's affections, and made herself contented. Her father's name I have forgotten, but her's was Lucy. Allen was not contented with two wives, for in a short time after he had married Lucy he came up to my house, where he found a young woman who had an old husband with her. They had been on a long journey, and called at my place to british thesis recruit and rest themselves. She filled Allen's eye, and he accordingly fixed upon a plan to get her into his possession. He praised his situation, enumerated his advantages, and finally persuaded them to go home and tarry with him a few days at least, and partake of a part of his comforts. They accepted his generous invitation and went home with him. Construction Management? But they had been there but two or three days when Allen took the old gentleman out to view his flats; and british library, as they were deliberately walking on essay about the bank of the river, pushed him into the water. British Thesis Digitisation? The old man, almost strangled, succeeded in getting out; but his fall and exertions had so powerful an effect upon his system that he died in two or three days, and left his young widow to the protection of his murderer.
She lived with him about one year in a state of concubinage and then left him. How long Allen lived at Allen's Creek I am unable to state; but soon after the young widow left him, he removed to his old place at Mount Morris, and essay vandalism, built a house, where he made Sally, his squaw, by whom he had two daughters, a slave to Lucy, by whom he had had one son; still, however, he considered Sally to be his wife. After Allen came to Mt. British Library Digitisation? Morris at that time, he married a girl by the name of Morilla Gregory, whose father at the time lived on Genesee Flats. The ceremony being over, he took her home to live in common with his other wives; but his house was too small for his family; for Sally and Lucy, conceiving that their lawful privileges would be abridged if they received a partner, united their strength and whipped poor Morilla so cruelly that he was obliged to keep her in a small Indian house a short distance from his own, or lose her entirely. Inflammatory Disease? Morilla, before she left Mt. Morris, had four children. One of Morilla's sisters lived with Allen about a year after Morilla was married, and then quit him.
A short time after they all got to living at Mt. Digitisation? Morris, Allen prevailed upon the Chiefs to give to management dissertation his Indian children, a tract of land four miles square, where he then resided. The Chiefs gave them the british library digitisation land, but he so artfully contrived the conveyance, that he could apply it to his own use, and by alienating his right, destroy the claim of his children. Having secured the land, in thesis disease, that way, to himself, he sent his two Indian girls to Trenton, (N.J.) and his white son to Philadelphia, for the purpose of giving each of them a respectable English education. While his children were at school, he went to Philadelphia, and sold his right to the land which he had begged of the Indians for his children to Robert Morris. After that, he sent for his daughters to come home, which they did. Having disposed of the whole of his property on the Genesee river, he took his two white wives and their children, together with his effects, and removed to library a Delaware town on the river De Trench, in Upper Canada. When he left Mt.
Morris, Sally, his squaw, insisted upon going with him, and actually followed him, crying bitterly, and praying for his protection some two or three miles, till he absolutely bade her leave him, or he would punish her with severity. At length, finding her case hopeless, she returned to thesis on pelvic the Indians. At the great treaty at Big Tree, one of Allen's daughters claimed the land which he had sold to Morris. The claim was examined and decided against her in favor of Ogden, Trumbull, Rogers and others, who were the creditors of british library thesis digitisation, Robert Morris. Allen yet believed that his daughter had an indisputable right to the land in question, and got me to go with mother Farly, a half Indian woman, to assist him by interceding with Morris for about vandalism it, and to urge the propriety of her claim. We went to Thomas Morris, and having stated to him our business, he told us plainly that he had no land to british thesis digitisation give away, and that as the essay vandalism title was good, he never would allow Allen, nor his heirs, one foot, or words to that effect. We returned to Allen the answer we had received, and library digitisation, he, conceiving all further attempts to be useless, went home. He died at the Delaware town, on dissertation the river De Trench, in the year 1814 or 15, and left two white widows and one squaw, with a number of children, to digitisation lament his loss. By his last will he gave all his property to construction management his last wife (Morilla,) and her children, without providing in the least for the support of Lucy, or any of the thesis digitisation other members of his family.
Lucy, soon after his death, went with her children down the essay environmental Ohio river, to british receive assistance from her friends. In the revolutionary war, Allen was a tory, and by that means became acquainted with our Indians, when they were in the neighborhood of movies essays about, his native place, desolating the settlements on the Susquehannah. In those predatory battles, he joined them, and (as I have often heard the Indians say,) for cruelty was not exceeded by any of his Indian comrades! At one time, when he was scouting with the Indians in the Susquehannah country, he entered a house very early in the morning, where he found a man, his wife, and digitisation, one child, in bed. The man, as he entered the door, instantly sprang on the floor, for about the purpose of defending himself and library thesis digitisation, little family; but Allen dispatched him at one blow. He then cut off his head and threw it bleeding into the bed with the terrified woman; took the little infant from its mother's breast, and holding it by on pelvic inflammatory disease, its legs, dashed its head against the jamb, and left the unhappy widow and mother to mourn alone over her murdered family. It has been said by some, that after he had killed the child, he opened the fire and buried it under the coals and embers: But of that I am not certain. I have often heard him speak of that transaction with a great degree of sorrow, and as the foulest crime he had ever committedone for which I have no doubt he repented. Mrs. Jemison has liberty to go to her Friends.Chooses to stay.Her Reasons, c.Her Indian Brother makes provision for her Settlement.He goes to Grand River and dies.Her Love for him, c.She is presented with the library thesis Gardow Reservation.Is troubled by Speculators.Description of the Soil, c. of her Flats.Indian notions of the ancient Inhabitants of vandalism, this Country.
Soon after the close of the revolutionary war, my Indian brother, Kau-jises-tau-ge-au (which being interpreted signifies Black Coals,) offered me my liberty, and told me that if it was my choice I might go to my friends. My son, Thomas, was anxious that I should go; and offered to go with me and assist me on the journey, by taking care of the younger children, and digitisation, providing food as we travelled through the wilderness. But the Chiefs of our tribe, suspecting from his appearance, actions, and a few warlike exploits, that Thomas would be a great warrior, or a good counsellor, refused to let him leave them on any account whatever. To go myself, and leave him, was more than I felt able to do; for essay he had been kind to library me, and was one on whom I placed great dependence. The Chiefs refusing to let him go, was one reason for management my resolving to stay; but another, more powerful, if possible, was, that I had got a large family of Indian children, that I must take with me; and that if I should be so fortunate as to find my relatives, they would despise them, if not myself; and treat us as enemies; or, at library thesis least with a degree of cold indifference, which I thought I could not endure. Accordingly, after I had duly considered the matter, I told my brother that it was my choice to stay and spend the remainder of my days with my Indian friends, and essay vandalism, live with my family as I had heretofore done. He appeared well pleased with my resolution, and informed me, that as that was my choice, I should have a piece of land that I could call my own, where I could live unmolested, and have something at my decease to british library digitisation leave for thesis inflammatory disease the benefit of my children. In a short time he made himself ready to british library thesis digitisation go to Upper Canada; but before he left us, he told me that he would speak to some of the Chiefs at Buffalo, to attend the great Council, which he expected would convene in good movies to write about, a few years at farthest, and convey to me such a tract of land as I should select.
My brother left us, as he had proposed, and soon after died at Grand River. Kaujisestaugeau, was an excellent man, and ever treated me with kindness. Perhaps no one of his tribe at any time exceeded him in british library thesis, natural mildness of temper, and warmth and tenderness of affection. If he had taken my life at the time when the avarice of the old King inclined him to thesis procure my emancipation, it would have been done with a pure heart and british library thesis digitisation, from good motives. He loved his friends; and construction, was generally beloved. During the time that I lived in the family with him, he never offered the most trifling abuse; on the contrary, his whole conduct towards me was strictly honorable. I mourned his loss as that of a tender brother, and british thesis digitisation, shall recollect him through life with emotions of friendship and gratitude. I lived undisturbed, without hearing a word on the subject of my land, till the great Council was held at Big Tree, in 1797, when Farmer's Brother, whose Indian name is Ho-na-ye-wus, sent for me to attend the council. When I got there, he told me that my brother had spoken to him to see that I had a piece of land reserved for my use; and that then was the time for me to receive it.He requested that I would choose for myself and describe the bounds of a piece that would suit me. I accordingly told him the place of construction dissertation, beginning, and then went round a tract that I judged would be sufficient for british thesis digitisation my purpose, (knowing that it would include the Gardow Flats,) by stating certain bounds with which I was acquainted.
When the Council was opened, and the business afforded a proper opportunity, Farmer's Brother presented my claim, and vandalism, rehearsed the library thesis digitisation request of my brother. Red Jacket, whose Indian name is Sagu-yu-what-hah, which interpreted, as Keeper-awake, opposed me or my claim with all his influence and eloquence. About Environmental Protection And Conservation? Farmer's Brother insisted upon the necessity, propriety and expediency of his proposition, and got the british thesis land granted. The deed was made and signed, securing to essay me the title to all the land I had described; under the same restrictions and regulations that other Indian lands are subject to. That land has ever since been known by thesis, the name of the Gardow Tract. Red Jacket not only opposed my claim at the Council, but he withheld my money two or three years, on essay about vandalism the account of my lands having been granted without his consent. Parrish and Jones at length convinced him that it was the white people, and not the Indians who had given me the land, and library thesis digitisation, compelled him to pay over all the money which he had retained on my account. My land derived its name, Gardow, from a hill that is within its limits, which is essay about and conservation called in the Seneca language Kau-tam. Kautam when interpreted signifies up and down, or down and up, and is applied to a hill that you will ascend and descend in passing it; or to a valley. It has been said that Gardow was the name of my husband Hiokatoo, and that my land derived its name from him; that however was a mistake, for the old man always considered Gardow a nickname, and british, was uniformly offended when called by it. Dissertation? About three hundred acres of my land, when I first saw it, was open flats, lying on the Genesee River, which it is supposed was cleared by british digitisation, a race of inhabitants who preceded the first Indian settlements in good movies about, this part of the country.
The Indians are confident that many parts of this country were settled and for british library a number of years occupied by people of whom their fathers never had any tradition, as they never had seen them. Whence those people originated, and essays, whither they went, I have never heard one of our oldest and wisest Indians pretend to guess. When I first came to Genishau, the british bank of construction management, Fall Brook had just slid off and exposed a large number of human bones, which the Indians said were buried there long before their fathers ever saw the place; and that they did not know what kind of people they were. It however was and is believed by our people, that they were not Indians. My flats were extremely fertile; but needed more labor than my daughters and myself were able to perform, to produce a sufficient quantity of grain and thesis digitisation, other necessary productions of the earth, for good to write the consumption of our family. British Library? The land had lain uncultivated so long that it was thickly covered with weeds of almost every description.
In order that we might live more easy, Mr. Parrish, with the line papers consent of the british library thesis chiefs, gave me liberty to lease or my land to white people to till on shares. Thesis On Pelvic? I accordingly let it out, and have continued to do so, which makes my task less burthensome, while at the same time I am more comfortably supplied with the means of support. Happy situation of her Family.Disagreement between her sons Thomas and John.Her Advice to them, c.John kills Thomas;Her Affliction.Council. Decision of the Chiefs, c.Life of Thomas.His Wives, Children; c.Cause of his Death, c. I have frequently heard it asserted by white people, and can truly say from british library digitisation my own experience that the time at which parents take the most satisfaction and comfort with their families is when their children are young, incapable of bottom papers, providing for british digitisation their own wants, and are about the fireside, where they can be daily observed and instructed. Few mothers, perhaps, have had less trouble with their children during their minority than myself. In general, my children were friendly to each other, and it was very seldom that I knew them to triple line have the least difference or quarrel: so far, indeed, were they from rendering themselves or me uncomfortable, that I considered myself happymore so than commonly falls to the lot of british thesis digitisation, parents, especially to women. My happiness in this respect, however, was not without alloy; for my son Thomas, from some cause unknown to me, from the time he was a small lad, always called his brother John, a witch, which was the cause, as they grew towards manhood, of frequent and severe quarrels between them, and essay environmental and conservation, gave me much trouble and anxiety for their safety. After Thomas and John arrived to british thesis digitisation manhood, in addition to the former charge, John got two wives, with whom he lived till the time of his death.
Although polygamy was tolerated in our tribe, Thomas considered it a violation of good and wholesome rules in society, and tending directly to destroy that friendly social intercourse and love, that ought to be the happy result of matrimony and chastity. Consequently, he frequently reprimanded John, by telling him that his conduct was beneath the dignity, and inconsistent with the principles of good Indians; indecent and unbecoming a gentleman; and, as he never could reconcile himself to it, he was frequently, almost constantly, when they were together, talking to triple line research papers him on thesis the same subject. John always resented such reprimand, and construction, reproof, with a great degree of passion, though they never quarrelled, unless Thomas was intoxicated. In his fits of drunkenness, Thomas seemed to lose all his natural reason, and to library conduct like a wild or crazy man, without regard to relatives, decency or propriety. At such times he often threatened to take my life for having raised a witch, (as he called John,) and has gone so far as to good movies to write raise his tomahawk to split my head. He, however, never struck me; but on library thesis John's account he struck Hiokatoo, and thereby excited in John a high degree of indignation, which was extinguished only by blood. For a number of about vandalism, years their difficulties, and consequent unhappiness, continued and thesis, rather increased, continually exciting in my breast the most fearful apprehensions, and greatest anxiety for their safety. With tears in my eyes, I advised them to become reconciled to essay about vandalism each other, and to digitisation be friendly; told them the consequences of their continuing to cherish so much malignity and efficiency economics essay, malice, that it would end in their destruction, the disgrace of their families, and bring me down to the grave. No one can conceive of the constant trouble that I daily endured on their accounton the account of my two oldest sons, whom I loved equally, and with all the feelings and british library, affection of a tender mother, stimulated by an anxious concern for their fate. Parents, mothers especially, will love their children, though ever so unkind and disobedient.
Their eyes of compassion, of real sentimental affection, will be involuntarily extended after them, in essay, their greatest excesses of iniquity; and library, those fine filaments of consanguinity, which gently entwine themselves around the heart where filial love and parental care is equal, will be lengthened, and enlarged to cords seemingly of sufficient strength to reach and reclaim the wanderer. I know that such exercises are frequently unavailing; but, notwithstanding their ultimate failure, it still remains true, and ever will, that the love of a parent for a disobedient child, will increase, and grow more and more ardent, so long as a hope of its reformation is capable of stimulating a disappointed breast. My advice and expostulations with my sons were abortive; and pareto efficiency, year after year their disaffection for each other increased. At length, Thomas came to my house on the 1st day of July, 1811, in my absence, somewhat intoxicated, where he found John, with whom he immediately commenced a quarrel on their old subjects of difference.John's anger became desperate. He caught Thomas by the hair of his head, dragged him out at the door and there killed him, by a blow which he gave him on the head with his tomahawk! I returned soon after, and found my son lifeless at the door, on the spot where he was killed! No one can judge of my feelings on seeing this mournful spectacle; and what greatly added to british library thesis my distress, was the fact that he had fallen by the murderous hand of his brother! I felt my situation unsupportable.
Having passed through various scenes of trouble of the most cruel and trying kind, I had hoped to spend my few remaining days in quietude, and to die in peace, surrounded by management dissertation, my family. This fatal event, however, seemed to be a stream of woe poured into my cup of afflictions, filling it even to overflowing, and blasting all my prospects. As soon as I had recovered a little from the shock which I felt at the sight of my departed son, and some of library thesis digitisation, my neighbors had come in to assist in taking care of the corpse, I hired Shanks, an Indian, to good movies to write go to Buffalo, and digitisation, carry the sorrowful news of Thomas' death, to our friends at that place, and request the Chiefs to hold a Council, and dispose of John as they should think proper. Shanks set out on his errand immediately,and John, fearing that he should be apprehended and punished for the crime he had committed, at the same time went off towards Caneadea. Thomas was decently interred in a style corresponding with his rank. The Chiefs soon assembled in management, council on the trial of british library, John, and after having seriously examined the management matter according to their laws, justified his conduct, and acquitted him. They considered Thomas to have been the british library thesis digitisation first transgressor, and that for the abuses which he had offered, he had merited from John the treatment that he had received. John, on learning the decision of the council, returned to his family. Construction Management? Thomas (except when intoxicated, which was not frequent,) was a kind and british digitisation, tender child, willing to assist me in my labor, and to remove every obstacle to my comfort.
His natural abilities were said to be of movies about, a superior cast, and he soared above the thesis digitisation trifling subjects of revenge, which are common amongst Indians, as being far beneath his attention. In his childish and boyish days, his natural turn was to practise in inflammatory disease, the art of war, though he despised the digitisation cruelties that the warriors inflicted upon their subjugated enemies. He was manly in his deportment, courageous and, active; and commanded respect. Though he appeared well pleased with peace, he was cunning in Indian warfare, and succeeded to admiration in vandalism, the execution of his plans. At the age of digitisation, fourteen or fifteen years, he went into construction, the war with manly fortitude, armed with a tomahawk and scalping knife; and thesis, when he returned, brought one white man a prisoner, whom he had taken with his own hands, on the west branch of the Susquehannah river. It so happened, that as he was looking out for his enemies, he discovered two men boiling sap in the woods.
He watched them unperceived, till dark when he advanced with a noiseless step to where they were standing, caught one of them before they were apprized of danger, and conducted him to the camp. He was well treated while a prisoner, and redeemed at the close of the war. Construction Management Dissertation? At the time Kaujisestaugeau gave me my liberty to digitisation go to triple bottom research papers my friends, Thomas was anxious to go with me; but as I have before observed, the Chiefs would not suffer him to leave them on the account of his courage and skill in war: expecting that they should need his assistance. He was a great Counsellor and a Chief when quite young; and in the last capacity, went two or three times to Philadelphia to assist in making treaties with the people of the states. Thomas had four wives, by whom he had eight children. Library Digitisation? Jacob Jemison, his second son by his last wife, who is at about this time twenty-seven or twenty-eight years of age, went to Dartmouth college, in british library, the spring of 1816, for essay the purpose of receiving a good education, where it was said that he was an industrious scholar, and made great proficiency in the study of the different branches to which he attended. Having spent two years at that Institution, he returned in the winter of 1818, and british library digitisation, is now at Buffalo; where I have understood that he contemplates commencing the study of medicine, as a profession.
Thomas, at the time he was killed, was a few moons over fifty-two years old, and vandalism, John was forty-eight. As he was naturally good natured, and possessed a friendly disposition, he would not have come to so untimely an end, had it not been far his intemperance. He fell a victim to the use of ardent spiritsa poison that will soon exterminate the Indian tribes in this part of the country, and leave their names without a root or branch. The thought is melancholy; but no arguments, no examples, however persuasive or impressive, are sufficient to deter an Indian for an hour from taking the potent draught, which he knows at british thesis digitisation the time will derange his faculties, reduce him to a level with the beasts, or deprive him of life! Death of Hiokatoo.Biography.His BirthEducation.Goes against the Cherokees, c.Bloody Battle, c.His success and cruelties in thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease, the French War.Battle at Fort Freeland.Capts. Dougherty and Boon killed.His Cruelties in the neighborhood of Cherry Valley, c.Indians remove their general Encampment.In 1782, Col. Crawford is sent to british thesis destroy them, c.Is met by a Traitor,Battle.Crawford's Men surprized.Irregular Retreat.Crawford and Doct. Night taken.Council.Crawford Condemned and Burnt.Aggravating Circumstances.Night is sentenced to be Burnt.Is Painted by Hiokatoo.Is conducted off, c.His fortunate Escape.Hiokatoo in the French War takes Col. Triple Research? Canton.His Sentence.Is bound on library a wild Colt that runs loose three days.Returns Alive.Is made to run the Gauntlet.Gets knocked down, c.Is Redeemed and sent Home.Hiokatoo's Enmity to essay about the Cherokees, c.His HeightStrengthSpeed, c. In the library month of November 1811, my husband Hiokatoo, who had been sick four years of the consumption, died at the advanced age of triple research papers, one hundred and three years, as nearly as the british library thesis time could be estimated. He was the last that remained to me of our family connection, or rather of my old friends with whom I was adopted, except a part of one family, which now lives at Tonewanta. Hiokatoo was buried decently, and about protection and conservation, had all the insignia of a veteran warrior buried with him; consisting of a war club, tomahawk and scalping knife, a powder-flask, flint, a piece of spunk, a small cake and a cup; and in his best clothing.
Hiokatoo was an old man when I first saw him; but he was by no means enervated. Digitisation? During the term of nearly fifty years that I lived with him, I received, according to Indian customs, all the kindness and attention that was my due as his wife.Although war was his trade from his youth till old age and decrepitude stopt his career, he uniformly treated me with tenderness, and never offered an insult. I have frequently heard him repeat the history of his life from his childhood; and essay environmental protection, when he came to that part which related to digitisation his actions, his bravery and his valor in war; when he spoke of the ambush, the combat, the spoiling of his enemies and the sacrifice of the victims, his nerves seemed strung with youthful ardor, the warmth of the able warrior seemed to animate his frame, and to produce the heated gestures which he had practised in middle age. He was a man of essay about, tender feelings to his friends, ready and willing to assist them in distress, yet, as a warrior, his cruelties to his enemies perhaps were unparalleled, and will not admit a word of palliation. Hiokatoo, was born in british digitisation, one of the tribes of the Six Nations that inhabited the banks of the Susquehannah; or, rather he belonged to environmental a tribe of the Senecas that made, at the time of the great Indian treaty, a part of those nations. British? He was own cousin to Farmer's Brother, a Chief who has been justly celebrated for pareto efficiency economics his worth. Their mothers were sisters, and it was through the influence of Farmer's Brother, that I became Hiokatoo's wife.
In early life, Hiokatoo showed signs of digitisation, thirst for good essays about blood, by british library, attending only to the art of war, in the use of the tomahawk and scalping knife; and in practising cruelties upon every thing that chanced to fall into his hands, which was susceptible of pain. In that way he learned to use his implements of war effectually, and at thesis disease the same time blunted all those fine feelings and tender sympathies that are naturally excited, by hearing or seeing, a fellow being in distress. He could inflict the most excruciating tortures upon his enemies, and prided himself upon his fortitude, in having performed the most barbarous ceremonies and tortures, without the library thesis digitisation least degree of pity or remorse. Thus qualified, when very young he was initiated into scenes of carnage, by being engaged in the wars that prevailed amongst the Indian tribes. In the year 1731, he was appointed a runner, to assist in collecting an army to go against pareto efficiency, the Cotawpes, Cherokees and other southern Indians. A large army was collected, and after a long and british thesis digitisation, fatiguing march, met its enemies in what was then called the “low, dark and bloody lands,” near the mouth of protection and conservation, Red River, in what is now called the state of Kentucky. British Digitisation? [Footnote: Those powerful armies met near the place that is now called Clarksville, which is situated at the fork where Red River joins the Cumberland, a few miles above the line between Kentucky and Tennessee.] The Cotawpes [Footnote: The Author acknowledges himself unacquainted, from Indian history, with a nation of this name; but as 90 years have elapsed since the date of this occurrence, it is highly probable that such a nation did exist, and that it was absolutely exterminated at that eventful period.] and economics, their associates, had, by some means, been apprized of their approach, and lay in ambush to take them at once, when they should come within their reach, and destroy the whole army. The northern Indians, with their usual sagacity, discovered the situation of their enemies, rushed upon the ambuscade and massacred 1200 on british library the spot. The battle continued for two days and two nights, with the utmost severity, in which the northern Indians were victorious, and so far succeeded in destroying the Cotawpes that they at that time ceased to be a nation. Essay? The victors suffered an immense loss in killed; but gained the library thesis digitisation hunting ground, which was their grand object, though the environmental and conservation Cherokees would not give it up in a treaty, or consent to library thesis make peace.
Bows and pareto, arrows, at that time were in general use, though a few guns were employed. From that time he was engaged in a number of library digitisation, battles in which Indians only were engaged, and good movies to write about, that made fighting his business, till the commencement of the French war. In those battles he took a number of Indians prisoners, whom he killed by tying them to trees and then setting small Indian boys to shooting at them with arrows, till death finished the misery of the sufferers; a process that frequently took two days for its completion! During the French war he was in every battle that was fought on the Susquehannah and Ohio rivers; and was so fortunate as never to have been taken prisoner. At Braddock's defeat he took two white prisoners, and burnt them alive in a fire of his own kindling. In 1777, he was in the battle at Fort Freeland, in Northumberland county, Penn. The fort contained a great number of women and british library thesis digitisation, children, and was defended only by essay about, a small garrison.
The force that went against it consisted of 100 British regulars, commanded by british, a Col. McDonald, and 300 Indians under Hiokatoo. After a short but bloody engagement, the fort was surrendered; the women and children were sent under an escort to the next fort below, and the men and boys taken off by a party of British to the general Indian encampment. As soon as the fort had capitulated and the firing had ceased, Hiokatoo with the help of a few Indians tomahawked every wounded American while earnestly begging with uplifted hands for economics essay quarters. The massacre was but just finished when Capts. Dougherty and Boon arrived with a reinforcement to assist the garrison. On their arriving in sight of the british thesis digitisation fort they saw that it had surrendered, and that an Indian was holding the triple bottom research flag. This so much inflamed Capt. Dougherty that he left his command, stept forward and shot the Indian at the first fire.
Another took the british thesis digitisation flag, and had no sooner got it erected than Dougherty dropt him as he had the first. On Pelvic Disease? A third presumed to hold it, who was also shot down by Dougherty. Hiokatoo, exasperated at library digitisation the sight of such bravery, sallied out with a party of on pelvic inflammatory disease, his Indians, and british thesis digitisation, killed Capts. About? Dougherty, Boon, and fourteen men, at british digitisation the first fire. The remainder of the on pelvic inflammatory disease two companies escaped by taking to flight, and soon arrived at the fort which they had left but a few hours before. In an expedition that went out against Cherry Valley and the neighboring settlements, Captain David, a Mohawk Indian, was first, and Hiokatoo the second in command. The force consisted of several hundred Indians, who were determined on mischief, and the destruction of the whites. A continued series of wantonness and british library thesis digitisation, barbarity characterized their career, for they plundered and burnt every thing that came in their way, and killed a number of persons, among whom were several infants, whom Hiokatoo butchered or dashed upon the stones with his own hands. Besides the instances which have been mentioned, he was in a number of parties during the revolutionary war, where he ever acted a conspicuous part.
The Indians having removed the economics essay seat of thesis, their depredations and war to the frontiers of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky and about environmental protection and conservation, the neighboring territories, assembled a large force at Upper Sandusky, their place of general rendezvous, from whence they went out to the various places which they designed to sacrifice. Tired of the thesis digitisation desolating scenes that were so often witnessed, and feeling a confidence that the savages might be subdued, and an end put to their crimes, the American government raised a regiment, consisting of construction management dissertation, 300 volunteers, for the purpose of british thesis digitisation, dislodging them from their cantonment and preventing further barbarities. Essay Vandalism? Col. William Crawford and Lieut. Col. David Williamson, men who had been thoroughly tried and approved, were commissioned by Gen. Washington to take the command of a service that seemed all-important to the welfare of the library country. In the month of July, 1782, well-armed and provided with a sufficient quantity of provision, this regiment made an expeditious march through the wilderness to Upper Sandusky, where, as had been anticipated, they found the Indians assembled in full force at their encampment, prepared to receive an attack.
As Col. Crawford and his brave band advanced, and when they had got within a short distance from the town, they were met by a white man, with a flag of truce from the Indians, who proposed to Col. Crawford that if he would surrender himself and his men to the Indians, their lives should be spared; but, that if they persisted in their undertaking, and attacked the bottom papers town, they should all be massacred to a man. Crawford, while hearing the proposition, attentively surveyed its bearer, and recognized in his features one of his former schoolmates and companions, with whom he was perfectly acquainted, by the name of Simon Gurty. Gurty, but a short time before this, had been a soldier in the American army, in the same regiment with Crawford; but on the account of his not having received the promotion that he expected, he became disaffectedswore an eternal war with his countrymen, fled to the Indians, and joined them, as a leader well qualified to conduct them to where they could satiate their thirst for blood, upon thesis digitisation, the innocent, unoffending and defenceless settlers. Crawford sternly inquired of the traitor if his name was not Simon Gurty; and being answered in the affirmative, he informed him that he despised the offer which he had made; and essay, that he would not surrender his army unless he should be compelled to do so, by a superior force. Gurty returned, and Crawford immediately commenced an engagement that lasted till night, without the appearance of british library thesis digitisation, victory on either side, when the firing ceased, and the combatants on both sides retired to take refreshment, and to rest through the night.
Crawford encamped in the woods near half a mile from the town, where, after the centinels were placed, and dissertation, each had taken his ration, they slept on thesis digitisation their arms, that they might be instantly ready in case they should be attacked. The stillness of inflammatory disease, death hovered over the little army, and sleep relieved the whole, except the wakeful centinels who vigilantly attended to their duty.But what was their surprise, when they found late in the night, that they were surrounded by the Indians on every side, except a narrow space between them and the town? Every man was under arms, and the officers instantly consulted each other on the best method of escaping; for they saw that to fight, would be useless, and thesis digitisation, that to surrender, would be death. Crawford proposed a retreat through the ranks of the enemy in an opposite direction from the town, as being the most sure course to take. Lt. Col. Williamson advised to march directly through the town, where there appeared to be no Indians, and the fires were yet burning. There was no time or place for line papers debates: Col.
Crawford, with sixty followers retreated on the route that he had proposed by attempting to rush through the digitisation enemy; but they had no sooner got amongst the Indians, than every man was killed or taken prisoner! Amongst the prisoners, were Col. Crawford, and research papers, Doct. Night, surgeon of the regiment. Lt. Col. Williamson, with the remainder of the regiment, together with the wounded, set out at british digitisation the same time that Crawford did, went through the town without losing a man, and by the help of good guides arrived at their homes in bottom research, safety. The next day after the engagement the Indians disposed of all their prisoners to the different tribes, except Col. Crawford and Doct.
Night; but those unfortunate men were reserved for a more cruel destiny. British Library? A council was immediately held on management Sandusky plains, consisting of all the thesis digitisation Chiefs and warriors, ranged in their customary order, in a circular form; and Crawford and Night were brought forward and seated in the centre of the circle. The council being opened, the Chiefs began to examine Crawford on economics various subjects relative to the war. At length they enquired who conducted the library thesis digitisation military operations of the triple bottom line research papers American army on the Ohio and british library thesis digitisation, Susquehannah rivers, during the year before; and who had led that army against them with so much skill and so uniform success? Crawford very honestly and without suspecting any harm from his reply promptly answered that he was the man who had led his countrymen to victory, who had driven the enemy from the settlements, and by that means had procured a great degree of happiness to many of his fellow-citizens. Upon hearing this, a Chief, who had lost a son in the year before, in a battle where Colonel Crawford commanded, left his station in the council, stepped to Crawford, blacked his face, and at the same time told him that the next day he should be burnt. The council was immediately dissolved on its hearing the sentence from the Chief, and the prisoners were taken off the ground, and kept in custody through the night. Crawford now viewed his fate as sealed; and despairing of ever returning to his home or his country, only dreaded the tediousness of death, as commonly inflicted by the savages, and good to write essays about, earnestly hoped that he might be despatched at a single blow. British Library Thesis? Early the next morning, the Indians assembled at the place of pareto efficiency economics, execution, and Crawford was led to the postthe goal of savage torture, to which he was fastened.
The post was a stick of timber placed firmly in the ground, having an british library, arm framed in at about vandalism the top, and extending some six or eight feet from it, like the british library digitisation arm of a sign post. A pile of bottom research, wood containing about two cords, lay a few feet from the place where he stood, which he was informed was to digitisation be kindled into a fire that would burn him alive, as many had been burnt on the same spot, who had been much less deserving than himself. Gurty stood and supposedly looked on the preparations that were making for the funeral of one his former playmates; a hero by whose side he had fought; of a man whose valor had won laurels which, if he could have returned, would have been strewed upon his grave, by his grateful countrymen. Essay About And Conservation? Dreading the agony that he saw he was about to feel, Crawford used every argument which his perilous situation could suggest to library thesis prevail upon Gurty to ransom him at any price, and deliver him (as it was in his power,) from the savages, and their torments. Gurty heard his prayers, and expostulations, and saw his tears with indifference, and finally told the forsaken victim that he would not procure him a moment's respite, nor afford him the most trifling assistance. The Col. On Pelvic? was then bound, stripped naked and british library, tied by his wrists to the arm, which extended horizontally from the good movies post, in such a manner that his arms were extended over his head, with his feet just standing upon the ground. This being done, the british library thesis savages placed the wood in a circle around him at the distance of a few feet, in construction management, order that his misery might be protracted to the greatest length, and then kindled it in a number of places at the same time. The flames arose and the scorching heat became almost insupportable. Again he prayed to british Gurty in bottom line research papers, all the anguish of his torment, to thesis digitisation rescue him from the fire, or shoot him dead upon the spot. A demoniac smile suffused the countenance of Gurty, while he calmly replied to the dying suppliant, that he had no pity for his sufferings; but that he was then satisfying that spirit of revenge, which for a long time he had hoped to have an opportunity to wreak upon management, him. Nature now almost exhausted from the intensity of the heat, he settled down a little, when a squaw threw coals of fire and embers upon him, which made him groan most piteously, while the whole camp rung with exultation.
During the execution they manifested all the exstacy of a complete triumph. Poor Crawford soon died and was entirely consumed. Thus ended the british library digitisation life of a patriot and hero, who had been an intimate with Gen. Washington, and who shared in an eminent degree the confidence of that great, good man, to whom, in about environmental, the time of revolutionary perils, the sons of legitimate freedom looked with a degree of faith in his mental resources, unequalled in the history of the world. That tragedy being ended, Doct. Night was informed that on the next day he should be burnt in library digitisation, the same manner that his comrade Crawford had been, at Lower Sandusky. Hiokatoo, who out had been a leading chief in the battle with, and in the execution of Crawford, painted Doct. Inflammatory Disease? Night's face black, and then bound and gave him up to two able bodied Indians to conduct to the place of execution. They set off with him immediately, and british library thesis digitisation, travelled till towards evening, when they halted to disease encamp till morning. The afternoon had been very rainy, and library digitisation, the storm still continued, which rendered it very difficult for the Indians to disease kindle a fire. Night observing the difficulty under which they labored, made them to understand by signs, that if they would unbind him, he would assist them.They, accordingly unbound him, and he soon succeeded in making a fire by the application of small dry stuff which he was at considerable trouble to procure.
While the Indians were warming themselves, the Doct. continued to gather wood to last through the night, and in doing this, he found a club which he placed in a situation from british digitisation whence he could take it conveniently whenever an opportunity should present itself in which he could use it effectually. On Pelvic? The Indians continued warming, till at length the Doct. Thesis? saw that they had placed themselves in a favorable position for the execution of his design, when, stimulated by economics essay, the love of life, he cautiously took his club and at two blows knocked them both down. Determined to finish the work of british digitisation, death which he had so well begun, he drew one of their scalping knives, with which he beheaded and scalped them both! He then took a rifle, tomahawk, and some ammunition, and directed his course for home, where he arrived without having experienced any difficulty on his journey. The next morning, the Indians took the track of their victim and his attendants, to go to essay about and conservation Lower Sandusky, and there execute the sentence which they had pronounced upon him. But what was their surprise and british thesis digitisation, disappointment, when they arrived at construction management dissertation the place of encampment, where they found their trusty friends scalped and decapitated, and that their prisoner had made his escape?Chagrined beyond measure, they immediately separated, and went in every direction in pursuit of their prey; but after having spent a number of days unsuccessfully, they gave up the chase, and returned to their encampment. [Footnote: I have understood, (from unauthenticated sources however,) that soon after the revolutionary war, Doct.
Night published a pamphlet, containing an digitisation, account of the battle at Sandusky, and of his own sufferings. My information on this subject, was derived from a different quarter. The subject of essay environmental protection and conservation, this narrative in giving the account of her last husband, Hiokatoo, referred us to Mr. British Thesis? George Jemison, who, (as it will be noticed) lived on her land a number of years, and who had frequently heard the old Chief relate the story of his life; particularly that part which related to movies to write essays about his military career. Mr. Jemison; on being enquired of, gave the library thesis foregoing account, partly from his own personal knowledge, and management dissertation, the remainder, from the account given by Hiokatoo. Mr. Jemison was in british library digitisation, the battle, was personally acquainted with Col.
Crawford, and bottom line research, one that escaped with Lt. Col. Williamson. We have no doubt of the truth of the statement, and have therefore inserted the whole account, as an british, addition to the historical facts which are daily coming into a state of management, preservation, in relation to the American Revolution. In the time of the French war, in an engagement that took place on the Ohio river, Hiokatoo took a British Col. by the name of Simon Canton, whom he carried to the Indian encampment. A council was held, and the Col. was sentenced to suffer death, by being tied on a wild colt, with his face towards its tail, and then having the colt turned loose to run where it pleased. He was accordingly tied on, and the colt let loose, agreeable to library thesis digitisation the sentence. The colt run two days, and then returned with its rider yet alive. The Indians, thinking that he would never die in that way, took him off, and made him run the thesis inflammatory disease gauntlet three times; but in the last race a squaw knocked him down, and he was supposed to have been dead. He, however, recovered, and was sold for fifty dollars to a Frenchman, who sent him as a prisoner to Detroit. On the return of the Frenchman to Detroit, the Col. besought him to ransom him, and give, or set him at liberty, with so much warmth, and promised with so much solemnity, to reward him as one of the digitisation best of benefactors, if he would let him go, that the Frenchman took his word, and sent him home to his family.
The Col. remembered his promise, and in a short time sent his deliverer one hundred and fifty dollars, as a reward for his generosity. Since the commencement of the revolutionary war, Hiokatoo has been in seventeen campaigns, four of which were in the Cherokee war. He was so great an enemy to the Cherokees, and so fully determined upon pareto economics essay, their subjugation, that on his march to their country, he raised his own army for those four campaigns, and commanded it; and also superintended its subsistence. Library Thesis? In one of those campaigns, which continued two whole years without intermission, he attacked his enemies on the Mobile, drove them to the country of the Creek Nation, where he continued to harrass them, till being tired of war, he returned to his family. He brought home a great number of good movies to write essays, scalps, which he had taken from the british library digitisation enemy, and ever seemed to possess an unconquerable will that the Cherokees might be utterly destroyed. Towards the close of his last fighting in that country, he took two squaws, whom he sold on his way home for money to line papers defray the expense of british thesis, his journey. Hiokatoo was about six feet four or five inches high, large boned, and rather inclined to leanness.
He was very stout and active, for good movies about a man of his size, for it was said by himself and others, that he had never found an Indian who could keep up with him on a race, or throw him at wrestling. British Thesis Digitisation? His eye was quick and penetrating; and his voice was of that harsh and powerful kind, which, amongst, Indians, always commands attention. His health had been uniformly good. Disease? He never was confined by sickness, till he was attacked with the consumption, four years before his death. And, although he had, from his earliest days, been inured to almost constant fatigue, and exposure to digitisation every inclemency of the weather, in the open air he seemed to lose the vigor of the prime of life only by the natural decay occasioned by old age.
Her Troubles Renewed.John's Jealousy towards his brother Jesse.Circumstances attending the Murder of Jesse Jemison.Her Grief.His FuneralAgeFilial Kindness, c. Being now left a widow in my old age, to mourn the loss of a husband, who had treated me well and with whom I had raised five children, and having suffered the loss of an essay environmental, affectionate son, I fondly fostered the hope that my melancholy vicissitudes had ended, and that the remainder of my time would be characterized by nothing unpropitious. My children, dutiful and kind, lived near me, and apparently nothing obstructed our happiness. But a short time, however, elapsed after my husband's death, before my troubles were renewed with redoubled severity. John's hands having been once stained in the blood of a brother, it was not strange that after his acquital, every person of his acquaintance should shun him, from a fear of his repeating upon them the same ceremony that he had practised upon Thomas. My son Jesse, went to Mt. Morris, a few miles from library digitisation home, on business, in the winter after the triple line death of his father; and british digitisation, it so happened that his brother John was there, who requested Jesse to come home with him.
Jesse, fearing that John would commence a quarrel with him on the way, declined the invitation, and tarried over night. From that time John conceived himself despised by Jesse, and construction management dissertation, was highly enraged at library digitisation the treatment which he had received. Efficiency Economics? Very little was said, however, and it all passed off, apparently, till sometime in the month of May, 1812, at digitisation which time Mr. Robert Whaley, who lived in the town of Castile, within four miles of me, came to efficiency my house early on Monday morning, to hire George Chongo, my son-in-law, and John and Jesse, to go that day and help him slide a quantity of boards from the top of the hill to the river, where he calculated to british thesis build a raft of them for market. They all concluded to go with Mr.
Whaley, and made ready as soon as possible. On Pelvic Inflammatory? But before they set out I charged them not to library thesis drink any whiskey; for I was confident that if they did, they would surely have a quarrel in consequence of it. Essay Protection? They went and worked till almost night, when a quarrel ensued between Chongo and british thesis, Jesse, in consequence of the whiskey that they had drank through the day, which terminated in a battle, and essay vandalism, Chongo got whipped. When Jesse had got through with Chongo, he told Mr. Whaley that he would go home, and british digitisation, directly went off. He, however, went but a few rods before he stopped and lay down by the side of a log to wait, (as was supposed,) for movies to write about company. John, as soon as Jesse was gone, went to library thesis Mr. Whaley with his knife in his hand and bade him jogo (i. e. be gone,) at the same time telling him that Jesse was a bad man.
Mr. Whaley, seeing that his countenance was changed, and that he was determined upon something desperate, was alarmed for bottom his own safety, and turned towards home, leaving Chongo on the ground drunk, near to where Jesse had lain, who by british, this time had got up, and was advancing towards John. Mr. Whaley was soon out of hearing of them; but some of his workmen staid till it was dark. Jesse came up to John, and triple bottom research papers, said to british digitisation him, you want more whiskey, and more fighting, and essay protection and conservation, after a few words went at him, to try in the first place to get away his knife. In this he did not succeed, and they parted.
By this time the night had come on, and it was dark. Again they clenched and at length in library, their struggle they both fell. John, having his knife in his hand, came under, and in thesis, that situation gave Jesse a fatal stab with his knife, and repeated the blows till Jesse cried out, brother, you have killed me, quit his hold and settled back upon the ground. Upon hearing this, John left him and came to Thomas' widow's house, told them that he had been fighting with their uncle, whom he had killed, and showed them his knife. Next morning as soon as it was light, Thomas' and John's children came and british library, told me that Jesse was dead in the woods, and also informed me how he came by his death. About Environmental Protection And Conservation? John soon followed them and informed me himself of all that had taken place between him and his brother, and seemed to be somewhat sorrowful for his conduct. You can better imagine what my feelings were than I can describe them. My darling son, my youngest child, him on whom I depended, was dead; and library digitisation, I in my old age left destitute of a helping hand! As soon as it was consistent for me, I got Mr. George Jemison, (of whom I shall have occasion to essay about speak,) to go with his sleigh to where Jesse was, and bring him home, a distance of 3 or 4 miles.
My daughter Polly arrived at the fatal spot first: we got there soon after her; though I went the whole distance on foot. By this time, Chongo, (who was left on the ground drunk the night before,) had become sober and sensible of the great misfortune which had happened to our family. I was overcome with grief at the sight of thesis, my murdered son, and so far lost the management dissertation command of myself as to british library thesis be almost frantic; and those who were present were obliged to hold me from going near him. On examining the body it was found that it had received eighteen wounds so deep and large that it was believed that either of them would have proved mortal. The corpse was carried to my house, and essay, kept till the Thursday following, when it was buried after the manner of british library digitisation, burying white people.
Jesse was twenty-seven or eight years old when he was killed. His temper had been uniformly very mild and friendly; and he was inclined to copy after the white people; both in bottom line, his manners and dress. Although he was naturally temperate, he occasionally became intoxicated; but never was quarrelsome or mischievous. With the white people he was intimate, and learned from them their habits of industry, which he was fond of practising, especially when my comfort demanded his labor. As I have observed, it is the custom amongst the Indians, for the women to perform all the labor in, and out of doors, and I had the whole to do, with the thesis digitisation help of my daughters, till Jesse arrived to a sufficient age to assist us. He was disposed to labor in the cornfield, to essay about chop my wood, milk my cows, and attend to any kind of business that would make my task the lighter. British Library Thesis Digitisation? On the triple line research account of british digitisation, his having been my youngest child, and so willing to help me, I am sensible that I loved him better than I did either of my other children. After he began to understand my situation, and the means of rendering it more easy, I never wanted for essay anything that was in his power to bestow; but since his death, as I have had all my labor to perform alone, I have constantly seen hard times. Jesse shunned the company of his brothers, and library thesis, the Indians generally; and management dissertation, never attended their frolics; and it was supposed that this, together with my partiality for british digitisation him, were the causes which excited in John so great a degree of envy, that nothing short of death would satisfy it. Mrs.
Jemison is informed that she has a Cousin in the Neighborhood, by the name of George Jemison.His Poverty.Her Kindness.His Ingratitude.Her Trouble from Land Speculation.Her Cousin moves off. A year or two before the essay environmental death of british library thesis, my husband, Capt. H. Jones sent me word that a cousin of mine was then living in Leicester, (a few miles from Gardow,) by the name of George Jemison, and essay about environmental protection, as he was very poor, thought it advisable for me to go and see him, and take him home to live with me on my land. My Indian friends were pleased to british digitisation hear that one of my relatives was so near, and essay vandalism, also advised me to send for him and his family immediately. I accordingly had him and his family moved into one of my houses, in the month of March, 1810. He said that he was my father's brother's sonthat his father did not leave Europe, till after the French war in America, and that when he did come over, he settled in Pennsylvania, where he died. Library Thesis Digitisation? George had no personal knowledge of my father; but from information, was confident that the thesis on pelvic disease relationship which he claimed between himself and me, actually existed. Library? Although I had never before heard of my father having had but one brother, (him who was killed at Fort Necessity,) yet I knew that he might have had others, and, as the story of George carried with it a probability that it was true, I received him as a kinsman, and treated him with every degree of friendship which his situation demanded. [Footnote: Mrs.
Jemison is now confident that George Jemison is not her cousin, and thinks that he claimed the pareto economics relationship, only to gain assistance: But the old gentleman, who is british library digitisation now living, is certain that his and her father were brothers, as before stated.] I found that he was destitute of the means of subsistence, and in essay about and conservation, debt to library the amount of seventy dollars, without the ability to pay one cent. He had no cow, and finally, was completely poor, I paid his debts to the amount of seventy-two dollars, and bought him a cow, for which I paid twenty dollars, and construction management dissertation, a sow and pigs, that I paid eight dollars for. Library Thesis? I also paid sixteen dollars for pork that I gave him, and furnished him with other provisions and furniture; so that his family was comfortable. As he was destitute of a team, I furnished him with one, and pareto efficiency economics essay, also supplied him with tools for farming. In addition to all this, I let him have one of Thomas' cows, for two seasons. My only object in mentioning his poverty, and the articles with which I supplied him, is to show how ungrateful a person can be for favors, and how soon a kind benefactor will, to all appearance, be forgotten. Thus furnished with the necessary implements of husbandry, a good team, and as much land as he could till, he commenced farming on my flats, and for some time labored well. At length, however, he got an idea that if he could become the owner of digitisation, a part of my reservation, he could live more easy, and essay about, certainly be more rich, and accordingly set himself about laying a plan to obtain it, in the easiest manner possible.
I supported Jemison and his family eight years, and probably should have continued to have done so to this day, had it not been for the occurrence of the following circumstance. When he had lived with me some six or seven years, a friend of mine told me that as Jemison was my cousin, and very poor, I ought to give him a piece of land that he might have something whereon to live, that he would call his own. My friend and Jemison were then together at my house, prepared to complete a bargain. I asked how much land he wanted? Jemison said that he should be glad to receive his old field (as he called it) containing about fourteen acres, and thesis, a new one that contained twenty-six. I observed to construction management them that as I was incapable of british digitisation, transacting business of that nature, I would wait till Mr. Thomas Clute, (a neighbor on whom I depended,) should return from about protection Albany, before I should do any thing about it. To this Jemison replied that if I waited till Mr.
Clute returned, he should not get the land at all, and appeared very anxious to have the business closed without delay. On my part, I felt disposed to give him some land, but knowing my ignorance of writing, feared to british do it alone, lest they might include as much land they pleased, without my knowledge. Triple Line Papers? They then read the british library thesis digitisation deed which my friend had prepared before he came from home, describing a piece of land by certain bounds that were a specified number of chains and links from each other. Not understanding the essay about environmental protection length of a chain or link, I described the bounds of a piece of land that I intended Jemison should have, which they said was just the same that the deed contained and no more. I told them that the deed must not include a lot that was called the Steele place, and they assured me that it did not. Upon this, putting confidence in them both, I signed the deed to George Jemison, containing, and conveying to him as I supposed, forty acres of british library digitisation, land. The deed being completed they charged me never to mention the bargain which I had then made to any person; because if I did, they said it would spoil the contract. The whole matter was afterwards disclosed; when it was found that that deed instead of movies about, containing only forty acres, contained four hundred, and that one half of library thesis, it actually belonged to my friend, as it had been given to him by Jemison as a reward for his trouble in procuring the deed, in the fraudulent manner above mentioned. Construction Management? My friend, however, by the advice of some well disposed people, awhile afterwards gave up his claim; but Jemison held his till he sold it for a trifle to a gentleman in thesis digitisation, the south part of Genesee county. Sometime after the death of my son Thomas, one of his sons went to essay about vandalism Jemison to get the cow that I had let him have two years; but Jemison refused to let her go, and struck the boy so violent a blow as to almost kill him. Jemison then run to Jellis Clute, Esq. to procure a warrant to take the boy; but Young King, an british thesis digitisation, Indian Chief, went down to Squawky hill to Esq.
Clute's, and settled the affair by Jemison's agreeing never to essay about vandalism use that club again. Having satisfactorily found out the friendly disposition of my cousin towards me, I got him off my premises as soon as possible. Another Family Affliction.Her son John's Occupation.He goes to BuffaloReturns.Great Slide by him considered OminousTrouble, c.He goes to Squawky HillQuarrelsIs murdered by two Indians.His FuneralMourners, c.His Disposition.Ominous Dream.Black Chief's Advice, c.His Widows and Family.His Age.His Murderers flee.Her Advice to them.They set out to leave their Country.Their Uncle's Speech to them on parting.They return.Jack proposes to Doctor to british library digitisation kill each other.Doctor's Speech in Reply.Jack's Suicide.Doctor's Death. About Environmental And Conservation? Trouble seldom comes single. While George Jemison was busily engaged in british thesis digitisation, his pursuit of bottom research, wealth at my expence, another event of a much more serious nature occurred, which added greatly to my afflictions, and consequently destroyed, at library digitisation least a part of the happiness that I had anticipated was laid up in essay, the archives of Providence, to be dispensed on thesis my old age.
My son John, was a doctor, considerably celebrated amongst the Indians of various tribes, for his skill in curing their diseases, by the administration of roots and herbs, which he gathered in the forests, and dissertation, other places where they had been planted by the hand of nature. In the month of April, or first of May, 1817, he was called upon to go to Buffalo, Cattaraugus and Allegany, to library digitisation cure some who were sick. He went, and was absent about two months. When he returned, he observed the Great Slide of the bank of triple bottom research, Genesee river, a short distance above my house, which had taken place during his absence; and conceiving that circumstance to be ominous of his own death, called at his sister Nancy's, told her that he should live but a few days, and wept bitterly at british thesis digitisation the near approach of his dissolution. Nancy endeavored to persuade him that his trouble was imaginary, and that he ought not to be affected by a fancy which was visionary. Her arguments were ineffectual, and afforded no alleviation to his mental sufferings.
From his sister's, he went to his own house, where he stayed only two nights, and then went to Squawky Hill to procure money, with which to purchase flour for the use of his family. While at Squawky Hill he got into the company of two Squawky Hill Indians, whose names were Doctor and Jack, with whom he drank freely, and in the afternoon had a desperate quarrel, in which his opponents, (as it was afterwards understood,) agreed to triple kill him. The quarrel ended, and each appeared to be friendly. John bought some spirits, of british library, which they all drank, and pareto essay, then set out for library home. John and an Allegany Indian were on horseback, and Doctor and management, Jack were on foot.
It was dark when they set out. Library Thesis? They had not proceeded far, when Doctor and Jack commenced another quarrel with John, clenched and dragged him off his horse, and triple papers, then with a stone gave him so severe a blow on his head, that some of his brains were discharged from the wound. The Allegany Indian, fearing that his turn would come next, fled for safety as fast as possible. John recovered a little from the library digitisation shock he had received, and line papers, endeavored to get to library digitisation an old hut that stood near; but they caught him, and with an axe cut his throat, and efficiency economics essay, beat out thesis digitisation, his brains, so that when he was found the contents of his skull were lying on his arms. Environmental? Some squaws, who heard the uproar, ran to find out the library digitisation cause of it; but before they had time to offer their assistance, the murderers drove them into a house, and threatened to take their lives if they did not stay there, or if they made any noise. Next morning, Esq. Clute sent me word that John was dead, and management, also informed me of the means by which his life was taken. A number of library thesis, people went from triple Gardow to where the body lay, and Doct. Levi Brundridge brought it up home, where the funeral was attended after the manner of the white people. Mr. Library Thesis Digitisation? Benjamin Luther, and Mr.
William Wiles, preached a sermon, and performed the funeral services; and myself and family followed the corpse to the grave as mourners. I had now buried my three sons, who had been snatched from me by the hands of violence, when I least expected it. Although John had taken the life of his two brothers, and triple bottom, caused me unspeakable trouble and british library thesis, grief, his death made a solemn impression upon my mind, and seemed, in addition to my former misfortunes, enough to bring down my grey hairs with sorrow to the grave. Yet, on a second thought, I could not mourn for thesis on pelvic him as I had for my other sons, because I knew that his death was just, and what he had deserved for a long time, from the hand of justice. John's vices were so great and so aggravated, that I have nothing to say in digitisation, his favor: yet, as a mother, I pitied him while he lived, and thesis on pelvic, have ever felt a great degree of sorrow for him, because of his bad conduct. From his childhood, he carried something in his features indicative of an evil disposition, that would result in the perpetration of enormities of some kind; and it was the opinion and saying of Ebenezer Allen, that he would be a bad man, and be guilty of library thesis, some crime deserving of death. Pareto? There is no doubt but what the thoughts of thesis digitisation, murder rankled in his breast, and disturbed his mind even in his sleep; for he dreamed that he had killed Thomas for efficiency economics essay a trifling offence, and british library digitisation, thereby forfeited his own life. Alarmed at the revelation, and to write about, fearing that he might in some unguarded moment destroy his brother, he went to the Black Chief, to whom he told the dream, and expressed his fears that the vision would be verified. Having related the dream, together with his feelings on the subject, he asked for the best advice that his old friend was capable of giving, to prevent so sad an event. The Black Chief, with his usual promptitude, told him, that from the british library nature of the dream, he was fearful that something serious would take place between him and management dissertation, Thomas; and advised him by all means to library thesis govern his temper, and avoid any quarrel which in future he might see arising, especially if Thomas was a party. John, however, did not keep the good counsel of the Chief; for soon after he killed Thomas, as I have related.
John left two wives with whom he had lived at the same time, and raised nine children. His widows are now living at Caneadea with their father, and keep their children with, and near them. His children are tolerably white, and have got light colored hair. John died about the last day of June, 1817, aged 54 years. Doctor and Jack, having finished their murderous design, fled before they could be apprehended, and lay six weeks in pareto economics essay, the woods back of Canisteo. They then returned and sent me some wampum by Chongo, (my son-in-law,) and Sun-ge-waw (that is Big Kettle) expecting that I would pardon them, and suffer them to live as they had done with their tribe. I however, would not accept their wampum, but returned it with a request, that, rather than have them killed, they would run away and keep out of danger.
On their receiving back the wampum, they took my advice, and prepared to leave their country and people immediately. British Thesis Digitisation? Their relatives accompanied them a short distance on good essays their journey, and british thesis, when about to part, their old uncle, the Tall Chief, addressed them in the following pathetic and sentimental speech: “Friends, hear my voice!When the Great Spirit made Indians, he made them all good, and gave them good corn-fields; good rivers, well stored with fish; good forests, filled with game and good bows and arrows. But very soon each wanted more than his share, and Indians quarrelled with Indians, and some were killed, and others were wounded. Then the Great Spirit made a very good word, and put it in every Indians breast, to tell us when we have done good, or when we have done bad; and that word has never told a lie. “Friends! whenever you have stole, or got drunk, or lied, that good word has told you that you were bad Indians, and made you afraid of good Indians; and made you ashamed and look down. “Friends! your crime is greater than all those:you have killed an about environmental and conservation, Indian in a time of peace; and made the wind hear his groans, and the earth drink his blood. You are bad Indians! Yes, you are very bad Indians; and what can you do? If you go into the woods to live alone, the ghost of John Jemison will follow you, crying, blood! blood! and will give you no peace! If you go to british library the land of your nation, there that ghost will attend you, and say to construction management your relatives, see my murderers!
If you plant, it will blast your corn; if you hunt, it will scare your game; and when you are asleep, its groans, and the sight of an avenging tomahawk, will awake you! What can you do? Deserving of death, you cannot live here; and to fly from your country, to leave all your relatives, and to abandon all that you have known to be pleasant and dear, must be keener than an arrow, more bitter than gall, more terrible than death! And how must we feel?Your path will be muddy; the woods will be dark; the lightnings will glance down the trees by your side, and you will start at british library thesis digitisation every sound! peace has left you, and you must be wretched. “Friends, hear me, and good movies essays about, take my advice. Return with us to your homes. Offer to the Great Spirit your best wampum, and try to be good Indians! And, if those whom you have bereaved shall claim your lives as their only satisfaction, surrender them cheerfully, and die like good Indians. And” Here Jack, highly incensed, interrupted the old man, and bade him stop speaking or he would take his life. Affrighted at the appearance of so much desperation, the company hastened towards home, and left Doctor and Jack to consult their own feelings.
As soon as they were alone, Jack said to british library digitisation Doctor, “I had rather die here, than leave my country and friends! Put the muzzle of your rifle into my mouth, and I will put the muzzle of mine into vandalism, yours, and at a given signal we will discharge them, and rid ourselves at once of library thesis, all the troubles under which we now labor, and satisfy the movies about claims which justice holds against us.” Doctor heard the proposition, and library thesis, after a moment's pause, made the following reply:“I am as sensible as you can be of the unhappy situation in which we have placed ourselves. We are bad Indians. We have forfeited our lives, and must expect in some way to atone for our crime: but, because we are bad and miserable, shall we make ourselves worse? If we were now innocent, and in a calm reflecting moment should kill ourselves, that act would make us bad, and deprive us of our share of the thesis disease good hunting in the land where our fathers have gone!
What would Little Beard [Footnote: Little Bears was a Chief who died in 1806.] say to library thesis digitisation us on our arrival at dissertation his cabin? He would say, 'Bad Indians! Cowards! You were afraid to wait till we wanted your help! Go (Jogo) to where snakes will lie in your path; where the panthers will starve you, by british thesis, devouring the venison; and pareto efficiency, where you will be naked and british thesis digitisation, suffer with the cold! Jogo, (go,) none but the brave and good Indians live here!' I cannot think of performing an act that will add to my wretchedness. It is hard enough for me to suffer here, and have good hunting hereafterworse to lose the whole.” Upon this, Jack withdrew his proposal. They went on about two miles, and then turned about and came home. Guilty and uneasy, they lurked about Squawky Hill near a fortnight, and then went to Cattaraugus, and were gone six weeks. When they came back, Jack's wife earnestly requested him to remove his family to Tonnewonta; but he remonstrated against her project, and utterly declined going. His wife and family, however, tired of the tumult by which they were surrounded, packed up their effects in triple bottom line research papers, spite of what he could say, and went off.
Jack deliberated a short time upon the proper course for thesis himself to pursue, and finally, rather than leave his old home, he ate a large quantity of muskrat root, and line research, died in 10 or 12 hours. His family being immediately notified of his death, returned to attend the burial, and is yet living at Squawky Hill. Nothing was ever done with Doctor, who continued to live quietly at Squawky Hill till sometime in the year 1819, when he died of Consumption. Thesis Digitisation? Micah Brooks, Esq. volunteers to construction get the Title to her Land confirmed to herself.She is Naturalized.Great Council of Chiefs, c. in Sept. Thesis? 1823.She Disposes of her Reservation.Reserves a Tract 2 miles long, and 1 mile wide, c.The Consideration how Paid, c. Movies To Write? In 1816, Micah Brooks, Esq. of british, Bloomfield, Ontario county, was recommended to me (as it was said) by triple bottom research, a Mr.
Ingles, to be a man of candor, honesty and british digitisation, integrity, who would by management, no means cheat me out of a cent. Mr. Brooks soon after, came to my house and informed me that he was disposed to assist me in british library digitisation, regard to my land, by about protection and conservation, procuring a legislative act that would invest me with full power to dispose of it for british library digitisation my own benefit, and give as ample a title as could be given by any citizen of the state. He observed that as it was then situated, it was of triple bottom, but little value, because it was not in british library, my power to dispose of it, let my necessities be ever so great. He then proposed to take the agency of the business upon himself, and to get the title of one half of about vandalism, my reservation vested in me personally, upon the condition that, as a reward for his services, I would give him the digitisation other half. Essay? I sent for library digitisation my son John, who on being consulted, objected to my going into any bargain with Mr.
Brooks, without the advice and consent of Mr. About Environmental Protection And Conservation? Thomas Clute, who then lived on my land and near me. Mr. Clute was accordingly called on, to whom Mr. Brooks repeated his former statement, and added, that he would get an act passed in the Congress of the United States, that would invest me with all the rights and immunities of a citizen, so far as it respected my property.
Mr. Clute, suspecting that some plan was in operation that would deprive me of my possessions, advised me to have nothing to say on the subject to Mr. Brooks, till I had seen Esquire Clute, of library thesis digitisation, Squawky Hill. Soon after this Thomas Clute saw Esq. Clute, who informed him that the petition for my naturalization would be presented to the Legislature of this State, instead of being sent to Congress; and that the object would succeed to bottom line papers his and my satisfaction. Mr. Clute then observed to his brother, Esq. Clute, that as the british thesis sale of Indian lands, which had been reserved, belonged exclusively to the United States, an act of the Legislature of management, New-York could have no effect in securing to me a title to my reservation, or in library digitisation, depriving me of my property. They finally agreed that I should sign a petition to Congress, praying for my naturalization, and for the confirmation of the triple bottom research title of my land to me, my heirs, c. Mr.
Brooks came with the petition: I signed it, and it was witnessed by Thomas Clute, and two others, and then returned to Mr. Brooks, who presented it to the Legislature of this state at its session in the winter of 1816-17. On the 19th of April, 1817, an act was passed for library thesis digitisation my naturalization, and ratifying and confirming the title of my land, agreeable to the tenor of the bottom papers petition, which act Mr. British Library Digitisation? Brooks presented to me on the first day of about environmental protection and conservation, May following. Thomas Clute having examined the law, told me that it would probably answer, though it was not according to the agreement made by Mr.
Brooks, and Esq. British Digitisation? Clute and essay environmental, himself, for me. I then executed to Micah Brooks and Jellis Clute, a deed of all my land lying east of the picket line on the Gardow reservation, containing about 7000 acres. It is proper in this place to observe, in relation to Mr. Thomas Clute, that my son John, a few months before his death, advised me to take him for my guardian, (as I had become old and incapable of managing my property,) and to compensate him for thesis digitisation his trouble by giving him a lot of land on the west side of my reservation where he should choose it. I accordingly took my son's advice, and Mr. Clute has ever since been faithful and honest in all his advice and dealings with, and thesis on pelvic disease, for, myself and british thesis digitisation, family. Efficiency Essay? In the month of August, 1817, Mr. Brooks and Esq. Clute again came to me with a request that I would give them a lease of the land which I had already deeded to them, together with the other part of my reservation, excepting and british digitisation, reserving to myself only about 4000 acres. At this time I informed Thomas Clute of what John had advised, and recommended me to essay about do, and that I had consulted my daughters on the subject, who had approved of the measure.
He readily agreed to assist me; whereupon I told him he was entitled to a lot of land, and might select as John had mentioned. He accordingly at that time took such a piece as he chose, and the same has ever since been reserved for him in british library, all the land contracts which I have made. On the 24th of on pelvic inflammatory disease, August, 1817, I leased to Micah Brooks and Jellis Clute, the whole of my original reservation, except 4000 acres, and Thomas Clute's lot. Finding their title still incomplete, on account of the United States government and Seneca Chiefs not having sanctioned my acts, they solicited me to renew the contract, and digitisation, have the conveyance made to them in such a manner as that they should thereby be constituted sole proprietors of the inflammatory disease soil. In the winter of 1822-3, I agreed with them, that if they would get the chiefs of our nation, and a United States Commissioner of Indian Lands, to british thesis digitisation meet in council at thesis on pelvic disease Moscow, Livingston county, N. Y. and there concur in my agreement, that I would sell to them all my right and title to british the Gardow reservation, with the exception of thesis disease, a tract for my own benefit, two miles long, and one mile wide, lying on the river where I should choose it; and also reserving Thomas Clute's lot.
This arrangement was agreed upon, and thesis, the council assembled at the place appointed, on the 3d or 4th day of September, 1823. That council consisted of Major Carrol, who had been appointed by the President to dispose of my lands, Judge Howell and bottom line papers, N. Gorham, of Canandaigua, (who acted in concert with Maj. British Library Digitisation? Carrol,) Jasper Parrish, Indian Agent, Horatio Jones, Interpreter, and a great number of Chiefs. The bargain was assented to unanimously, and a deed given to H. Pareto? B. Gibson, Micah Brooks and Jellis Clute, of the british library digitisation whole Gardow tract, excepting the last mentioned reservations, which was signed by myself and triple bottom research, upwards of twenty Chiefs. The land which I now own, is bounded as follows:Beginning at the center of the library thesis Great Slide [Footnote: The Great Slide of the bank of Genesee river is a curiosity worthy of the attention of the traveller. In the about vandalism month of May, 1817, a portion of land thickly covered with timber, situated at the upper end of the Gardow flats, on the west side of the river, all of a sudden gave way, and with a tremendous crash, slid into the bed of the river, which it so completely filled, that the stream formed a new passage on the east side of it, where it continues to run, without overflowing the slide. This slide, as it now lies, contains 22 acres, and has a considerable share of the timber that formerly covered it, still standing erect upon it, and growing.] and running west one mile, thence north two miles, thence east about one mile to Genesee river, thence south on the west bank of Genesee river to the place of beginning. In consideration of the above sale, the british thesis digitisation purchasers have bound themselves, their heirs, assigns, c. to pay to me, my heirs or successors, three hundred dollars a year forever.
Whenever the land which I have reserved, shall be sold, the income of it is to be equally divided amongst the members of the Seneca nation, without any reference to tribes or families. Conclusion.Review of her Life.Reflections on the loss of on pelvic inflammatory, Liberty.Care she took to preserve her Health.Indians' abstemiousness in Drinking, after the French War.Care of their Lives, c.General use of SpiritsHer natural Strength.Purchase of her first Cow.Means by which she has been supplied with Food.Suspicions of her having been a Witch.Her Constancy.Number of Children.Number Living.Their Residence.Closing Reflection. When I review my life, the privations that I have suffered, the hardships I have endured, the vicissitudes I have passed, and the complete revolution that I have experienced in my manner of living; when I consider my reduction from british a civilized to a savage state, and the various steps by which that process has been effected, and that my life has been prolonged, and dissertation, my health and reason spared, it seems a miracle that I am unable to account for, and thesis, is a tragical medley that I hope will never be repeated. The bare loss of pareto essay, liberty is but a mere trifle when compared with the circumstances that necessarily attend, and are inseparably connected with it. Library Digitisation? It is the recollection of what we once were, of the on pelvic friends, the home, and the pleasures that we have left or lost; the anticipation of misery, the appearance of wretchedness, the british thesis anxiety for freedom, the hope of release, the devising of means of escaping, and efficiency, the vigilance with which we watch our keepers, that constitute the nauseous dregs of the bitter cup of slavery. British Library Digitisation? I am sensible, however, that no one can pass from a state of freedom to that of slavery, and in the last situation rest perfectly contented; but as every one knows that great exertions of the mind tend directly to debilitate the body, it will appear obvious that we ought, when confined, to exert all our faculties to promote our present comfort, and let future days provide their own sacrifices. In regard to ourselves, just as we feel, we are. For the preservation of my life to the present time I am indebted to an excellent constitution, with which I have been blessed in as great a degree as any other person.
After I arrived to years of understanding, the care of my own health was one of good movies, my principal studies; and by avoiding exposures to thesis digitisation wet and cold, by temperance in eating, abstaining from the use of spirits, and about, shunning the excesses to which I was frequently exposed, I effected my object beyond what I expected. I have never once been sick till within a year or two, only as I have related. Spirits and tobacco I have never used, and I have never once attended an british digitisation, Indian frolic. When I was taken prisoner, and for sometime after that, spirits was not known; and when it was first introduced, it was in construction dissertation, small quantities, and used only by the Indians; so that it was a long time before the Indian women begun to even taste it. After the French war, for a number of years, it was the practice of the Indians of our tribe to send to library thesis Niagara and get two or three kegs of construction, rum, (in all six or eight gallons,) and hold a frolic as long as it lasted. When the british thesis rum was brought to the town, all the Indians collected, and before a drop was drank, gave all their knives, tomahawks, guns, and other instruments of war, to one Indian, whose business it was to bury them in environmental protection and conservation, a private place, keep them concealed, and remain perfectly sober till the frolic was ended. Having thus divested themselves, they commenced drinking, and library, continued their frolic till every drop was consumed, If any of them became quarrelsome, or got to fighting, those who were sober enough bound them upon the ground, where they were obliged to movies to write essays lie till they got sober, and then were unbound. When the fumes of the spirits had left the company, the sober Indian returned to each the instruments with which they had entrusted him, and all went home satisfied. A frolic of that kind was held but once a year, and that at the time the Indians quit their hunting, and come in with their deer-skins. Library Thesis? In those frolics the women never participated.
Soon after the revolutionary war, however, spirits became common in essay about protection and conservation, our tribe, and has been used indiscriminately by library thesis digitisation, both sexes; though there are not so frequent instances of intoxication amongst the squaws as amongst the thesis inflammatory Indians. To the introduction and use or that baneful article, which has made such devastation in our tribes, and threatens the extinction of our people, (the Indians,) I can with the greatest propriety impute the whole of digitisation, my misfortune in losing my three sons. But as I have before observed, not even the love of life will restrain an Indian from sipping the poison that he knows will destroy him. The voice of nature, the rebukes of reason, the advice of parents, the expostulations of friends, and the numerous instances of sudden death, are all insufficient to reclaim an Indian, who has once experienced the exhilarating and inebriating effects of on pelvic inflammatory disease, spirits, from british library seeking his grave in the bottom of his bottle! My strength has been great for a woman of my size, otherwise I must long ago have died under the burdens which I was obliged to carry. I learned to carry loads on my back, in a strap placed across my forehead, soon after my captivity; and continue to carry in the same way.
Upwards of dissertation, thirty years ago, with the help of my young children, I backed all the boards that were used about my house from Allen's mill at the outlet of Silver Lake, a distance of five miles. I have planted, hoed, and harvested corn every season but one since I was taken prisoner. Even this present fall (1823) I have husked my corn and backed it into british, the house. The first cow that I ever owned, I bought of a squaw sometime after the thesis on pelvic disease revolution. It had been stolen from the enemy. I had owned it but a few days when it fell into a hole, and almost died before we could get it out. After this, the squaw wanted to be recanted, but as I would not give up the british cow, I gave her money enough to make, when added to the sum which I paid her at first, thirty-five dollars. Cows were plenty on the Ohio, when I lived there, and of good quality.
For provisions I have never suffered since I came upon the flats; nor have I ever been in debt to any other hands than my own for the plenty that I have shared. My vices, that have been suspected, have been but few. It was believed for pareto essay a long time, by british library, some of our people, that I was a great witch; but they were unable to prove my guilt, and consequently I escaped the pareto efficiency essay certain doom of those who are convicted of that crime, which, by Indians, is considered as heinous as murder. Some of library thesis digitisation, my children had light brown hair, and tolerable fair skin, which used to make some say that I stole them; yet as I was ever conscious of my own constancy, I never thought that any one really believed that I was guilty of adultery. I have been the mother of eight children; three of whom are now living, and I have at this time thirty-nine grand children, and fourteen great-grand children, all living in the neighborhood of Genesee River, and at Buffalo. Bottom Research Papers? I live in british library thesis digitisation, my own house, and on my own land with my youngest daughter, Polly, who is married to George Chongo, and has three children. My daughter Nancy, who is married to Billy Green, lives about essay environmental 80 rods south of library digitisation, my house, and has seven children.
My other, daughter, Betsey, is married to John Green, has seven children, and resides 80 rods north of my house. Thus situated in essay about vandalism, the midst of my children, I expect I shall soon leave the world, and library digitisation, make room for the rising generation. I feel the weight of years with which I am loaded, and vandalism, am sensible of my daily failure in british library thesis digitisation, seeing, hearing and strength; but my only anxiety is for my family. If my family will live happily, and I can be exempted from trouble while I have to stay, I feel as though I could lay down in peace a life that has been checked in almost every hour, with troubles of a deeper dye, than are commonly experienced by mortals. An account of the destruction of a part of the British Army, by the Indians, at good to write a place called the Devil's Hole, on the Niagara River, in the year 1763. It is to thesis digitisation be regretted that an event of on pelvic disease, so tragical a nature as the following, should have escaped the pens of American Historians, and have been suffered to slide down the current of time, to the verge of oblivion, without having been snatched almost from the vortex of forgetfulness, and thesis digitisation, placed on the faithful page, as a memorial of premeditated cruelties, which, in former times, were practised upon the white people, by the North American Savages.
Modern History, perhaps, cannot furnish a parallel so atrocious in design and execution, as the about one before us, and it may be questioned, even if the history of british, ancient times, when men fought hand to hand, and disgraced their nature by economics essay, inventing engines of torture, can more than produce its equal. It will be observed in the preceding narrative, that the affair at thesis the Devil's Hole is said to have happened in November, 1759. That Mrs. About Vandalism? Jemison arrived at Genesee about that time, is rendered certain from a number of circumstances; and that a battle was fought on the Niagara in Nov. 1759, in which two prisoners and british library thesis digitisation, some oxen were taken, and brought to Genesee, as she has stated, is altogether probable.
But it is equally certain that the event which is the subject of this article, did not take place till the thesis inflammatory year 1763. In the time of the French war, the neighborhood of british library thesis digitisation, Forts Niagara and Sclusser, (or Schlosser, as it was formerly written,) on the Niagara river, was a general battle-ground, and for this reason, Mrs. Jemison's memory ought not to be charged with treachery, for triple bottom line papers not having been able to distinguish accurately, after the lapse of sixty years, between the circumstances of one engagement and those of another. She resided on digitisation the Genesee at the time when the warriors of vandalism, that tribe marched off to assist in laying the ambush at the Devil's Hole; and british thesis, no one will doubt her having heard them rehearse the story of the event of that nefarious campaign, after they returned. Bottom Papers? Chronology and history concur in stating that Fort Niagara was taken from the French, by the British, and that Gen. Prideaux was killed on the 25th of July, 1759. Having obtained from Mrs. Jemison a kind of introduction to thesis the story, I concluded that if it yet remained possible to procure a correct account of the circumstances which led to and attended that transaction, it would be highly gratifying to the American public, I accordingly directed a letter to Mr. Linus S. Everett, of Buffalo, whose ministerial labor, I well knew, frequently called him to good essays Lewiston, requesting him to furnish me with a particular account of the destruction of the British, at the time and place before mentioned.
He obligingly complied with my request, and gave me the british library digitisation result of his inquiries on that subject, in the following letter: Copy of a letter from Mr. Linus S. Everett, dated Fort Sclusser, 29th December, 1823. Respected and management, dear friend , I hasten, with much pleasure, to comply with your request, in regard to the affair at the Devil's Hole. I have often wondered that no authentic account has ever been given of that bloody and tragical scene. I have made all the library thesis inquiries that appear to be of any use, and proceed to give you the result. At this place, (Fort Sclusser,) an old gentleman now resides, to research papers whom I am indebted for the best account of the affair that can be easily obtained. His name is Jesse Warehis age about 74. Although he was not a resident of this part of the country at the time of the library thesis digitisation event, yet from essay about vandalism his intimate acquaintance with one of the survivors, he is able to give much information, which otherwise could not be obtained. The account that he gives is as follows:In July, 1759, the British, under Sir William Johnston, took possession of Forts Niagara and Sclusser, which had before been in the hands of the French. At this time, the Seneca Indians, (which were a numerous and powerful nation,) were hostile to the British, and warmly allied to british thesis digitisation the French.
These two posts, (viz.) Niagara and Sclusser, were of great importance to the British, on the account of affording the means of communication with the posts above, or on the upper lakes. In 1760, a contract was made between Sir William Johnston and about protection, a Mr. Stedman, to construct a portage road from Queenston landing to library thesis digitisation Fort Sclusser, a distance of eight miles, in order to triple bottom line research facilitate the transportation of provision, ammunition, c. from library one place to the other. In conformity to this agreement, on the 20th of June, 1763, Stedman had completed his road, and appeared at Queenston Landing, (now Lewiston,) with twenty-five portage wagons, and one hundred horses and construction management dissertation, oxen, to transport to Fort Sclusser the king's stores. At this time Sir William Johnston was suspicious of the intentions of the Senecas; for after the surrender of the forts by the French, they had appeared uneasy and hostile. In order to prevent the teams, drivers and goods, receiving injury, he detached 300 troops to guard them across the portage.
The teams, under this escort, started from Queenston landingStedman, who had the charge of the whole, was on horse back, and rode between the troops and teams; all the troops being in british library, front. On a small hill near the Devil's Hole, at that time, was a redoubt of twelve men, which served as a kind of construction management, guard on thesis digitisation ordinary occasions, against the depredations of the savages. “On the arrival of the troops and teams at the Devil's Hole,” says a manuscript in the hands of my informant, “the sachems, chiefs and warriors of the essay about environmental protection Seneca Indians, sallied from the british digitisation adjoining woods, by thousands, (where they had been concealed for some time before, for that nefarious purpose,) and falling upon line research, the troops, teams and drivers, and the guard of library thesis, twelve men before mentioned, they killed all the essay about men but three on the spot, or by driving them, together with the teams, down the precipice, which was about seventy or eighty feet! The Indians seized Stedman's horse by the bridle, while he was on him, designing, no doubt, to make his sufferings more lasting than that of british library thesis, his companions: but while the bloody scene was acting, the attention of the Indian who held the good to write essays about horse of Stedman being arrested, he cut the reins of his bridleclapped spurs to his horse, and rode over the dead and dying, into the adjacent woods, without receiving injury from the library thesis digitisation enemy's firing. Thus he escaped; and besides him two othersone a drummer, who fell among the trees, was caught by construction management, his drum strap, and escaped unhurt; the other, one who fell down the digitisation precipice and broke his thigh, but crawled to the landing or garrison down the river.” The following September, the Indians gave Stedman a piece of land, as a reward for his bravery. With sentiments of bottom line papers, respect, I remain, sir, your sincere friend, L. S. EVERETT. A particular account of General Sullivan's Expedition against the Indians, in the western part of the thesis State of New-York, in 1779. It has been thought expedient to publish in this volume, the following account of essay, Gen. Digitisation? Sullivan's expedition, in addition to the facts related by research, Mrs.
Jemison, of the barbarities which were perpetrated upon Lieut. Boyd, and two others, who were taken, and who formed a part of his army, etc. A detailed account of this expedition has never been in the hands of the public; and as it is now produced from a source deserving implicit credit, it is presumed that it will be received with satisfaction. Library? John Salmon, Esq. to whom we are happy to acknowledge our indebtedness for the subjoined account, is an thesis inflammatory, old gentleman of respectability and good standing in society; and is at this time a resident in the town of Groveland, Livingston county, New-York. He was a hero in the American war for independence; fought in the battles of his country under the celebrated Morgan; survived the british library digitisation blast of British oppression; and essays, now, in the decline of life, sits under his own well earned vine and library, fig-tree, near the grave of his unfortunate countrymen, who fell gloriously, while fighting the ruthless savages, under the command of the economics gallant Boyd. In the autumn after the british library thesis digitisation battle at Monmouth, (1778,) Morgan's riflemen, to which corps I belonged, marched to Schoharie, in this state of New-York, and there went into winter quarters.
The company to which I was attached, was commanded by Capt. Michael Simpson; and Thomas Boyd, of Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, was our Lieutenant. In the following spring, our corps, together with the whole body of troops under the command of Gen. Clinton, to construction dissertation the amount of about 1500, embarked in boats at Schenectady, and ascended the Mohawk as far as German Flats. Thence we took a direction to Otsego lake, descended the Susquehanna, and without any remarkable occurrence, arrived at Tioga Point, where our troops united with an army of 1500 men under the command of Gen. Sullivan, who had marched through a part of New-Jersey, and had reached that place by the way of Wyoming, some days before us. British Library Thesis Digitisation? That part of the army under Gen. Sullivan, had, on their arrival at Tioga Point, found the Indians in some force there, with whom they had had some unimportant skirmishes before our arrival. Upon the junction of these two bodies of troops, Gen. Sullivan assumed the command of the whole, and on pelvic disease, proceeded up the Tioga.
When within a few miles of the place now called Newtown, we were met by a body of digitisation, Indians, and a number of troops well known in those times by the name of Butler's Rangers, who had thrown up, hastily, a breastwork of logs, trees, c. About Vandalism? They were, however, easily driven from their works, with considerable loss on their part, and without any injury to our troops. The enemy fled with so much precipitation, that they left behind them some stores and camp equippage. They retreated but a short distance before they made a stand, and built another breastwork of considerable length, in the woods, near a small opening. Sullivan was soon apprized of their situation, divided his army, and attempted to surround, by sending one half to the right and british digitisation, the other to the left, with directions to meet on the opposite side of the triple line enemies. In order to prevent their retreating, he directed bomb-shells to be thrown over them, which was done: but on the shells bursting, the Indians suspected that a powerful army had opened a heavy fire upon them on that side, and fled with the utmost precipitation through one wing of the surrounding army.
A great number of the enemy were killed, and our army suffered considerably. The Indians having, in this manner, escaped, they went up the river to a place called the Narrows, where they were attacked by our men, who killed them in library thesis, great numbers, so that the sides of the rocks next the river appeared as though blood had been poured on them by good essays, pailfulls. The Indians threw their dead into the river, and escaped the best way they could. From Newtown our army went directly to the head of the Seneca lake; thence down that lake to its mouth, where we found the Indian village at that place evacuated, except by a single inhabitanta male child about library seven or eight years of age, who was found asleep in pareto economics essay, one of the Indian huts. Its fate I have never ascertained. It was taken into the care of an officer of the army, who, on account of ill health, was not on duty, and who took the child with him, as I have since understood, to british his residence on or near the North river. From the mouth of Seneca lake we proceeded, without the movies essays about occurrence of any thing of importance, by the outlets of the Canandaigua, Honeoye, and Hemlock lakes, to the head of Connissius lake, where the army encamped on the ground that is now called Henderson's Flats. Soon after the library thesis digitisation army had encamped, at the dusk of the evening, a party of twenty-one men, under the command of Lieut. Boyd, was detached from the rifle corps, and sent out for the purpose of thesis inflammatory disease, reconnoitering the ground near the Genesee river, at a place now called Williamsburg, at a distance from the camp of about seven miles, under the guidance of a faithful Indian pilot. Digitisation? That place was then the site of an Indian village, and thesis on pelvic inflammatory, it was apprehended that the Indians and Rangers might be there or in that vicinity in considerable force.
On the arrival of the party at Williamsburg, they found that the Indian village had been recently deserted, as the british library thesis fires in the huts were still burning. The night was so far spent when they got to thesis their place of destination, that Lieutenant Boyd, considering the fatigue of his men, concluded to remain during the night near the village, and to send two men messengers with a report to the camp in british thesis digitisation, the morning. Accordingly, a little before daybreak, he despatched two men to the main body of the army, with information that the enemy had not been discovered. After day-light, Lieut. Boyd cautiously crept from the place of his concealment, and upon pareto efficiency economics, getting a view of the village, discovered two Indians hovering about the settlement: one of whom was immediately shot and british library digitisation, scalped by one of the riflemen, whose name was Murphy. Supposing that if there were Indians in that vicinity, or near the village, they would be instantly alarmed by this occurrence, Lieut.
Boyd thought it most prudent to retire, and make the best of his way to the general encampment of our army. They accordingly set out and essay about vandalism, retraced the steps which they had taken the day before, till they were intercepted by the enemy. On their arriving within about one mile and british library, a half of the main army, they were surprized by the sudden appearance of a body of Indians, to the amount of pareto efficiency economics essay, five hundred, under the command of the celebrated Brandt, and the same number of Rangers, commanded by the infamous Butler, who had secreted themselves in a ravine of considerable extent, which lay across the track that Lieut. Boyd had pursued. Upon discovering the enemy, and knowing that the only chance for escape was by breaking through their line, (one of the most desperate enterprizes ever undertaken,) Lieut. Library Thesis? Boyd, after a few words of encouragement, led his men to the attempt.
As extraordinary as it may seem, the first onset, though unsuccessful, was made without the management loss of a man on british thesis the part of the heroic band, though several of the enemy were killed. Two attempts more were made, which were equally unsuccessful, and in which the whole party fell, except Lieut. Boyd, and triple bottom papers, eight others. Lieut. Boyd and a soldier by the name of Parker, were taken prisoners on the spot, a part of the remainder fled, and a part fell on the ground, apparently dead, and were overlooked by the Indians, who were too much engaged in pursuing the fugitives to notice those who fell. When Lieut. Boyd found himself a prisoner, he solicited an interview with Brandt, whom he well knew commanded the Indians. This Chief, who was at that moment near, immediately presented himself, when Lieut.
Boyd, by one of those appeals which are known only by british library digitisation, those who have been initiated and instructed in certain mysteries, and which never fail to pareto efficiency bring succor to a “distressed brother,” addressed him as the only source from which he could expect a respite from cruel punishment or death. The appeal was recognized, and Brandt immediately, and in the strongest language, assured him that his life should be spared. Lieut. Boyd, and his fellow-prisoner, Parker, were immediately conducted by a party of the library Indians to the Indian village called Beard's Town, on the west side of Genesee river, in what is now called Leicester. After their arrival at Beard's Town, Brandt, their generous preserver, being called on service which required a few hours absence, left them in the care of the British Col. Butler, of the Rangers; who, as soon as Brandt had left them, commenced an interrogation, to obtain from the prisoners a statement of the number, situation and intentions of the army under Gen. Sullivan; and management, threatened them, in case they hesitated or prevaricated in their answers, to deliver them up immediately to british thesis digitisation be massacred by the Indians, who, in Brandt's absence, and with the encouragement of their more savage commander, Butler, were ready to construction dissertation commit the greatest cruelties.
Relying, probably, on the promises which Brandt had made them, and which he undoubtedly meant to fulfil, they refused to give Butler the desired information. Butler, upon thesis digitisation, this, hastened to put his threat into execution. They were delivered to some of their most ferocious enemies, who, after having put them to very severe torture, killed them by essay vandalism, severing their heads from their bodies. British Digitisation? The main army, immediately after hearing of the essay environmental protection situation of Lieut. Boyd's detachment, moved on towards Genesee river, and finding the bodies of those who were slain in Boyd's heroic attempt to penetrate through the enemy's line, buried them in what is now the town of library, Groveland, where the thesis disease grave is to be seen at this day. Upon their arrival at the Genesee river, they crossed over, scoured the british library digitisation country for some distance on essay the river, burnt the Indian villages on the Genesee flats, and destroyed all their corn and digitisation, other means of subsistence. The bodies of efficiency, Lieut. Boyd and Parker were found and buried near the bank of british thesis digitisation, Beard's creek, under a bunch of wild plum-trees, on pareto efficiency economics essay the road, as it now runs, from Moscow to Geneseo.
I was one of those who committed to the earth the remains of my friend and companion in digitisation, arms, the efficiency gallant Boyd. Immediately after these events the library thesis digitisation army commenced its march back, by the same route that it came, to Tioga Point; thence down the Susquehanna to Wyoming; and essay vandalism, thence across the country to library thesis digitisation Morristown, New-Jersey, where we went into winter quarters. Gen. Sullivan's bravery is unimpeachable. He was unacquainted, however, with fighting the Indians, and made use of the best means to keep them at such a distance that they could not be brought into an engagement. It was his practice, morning and evening, to have cannon fired in or near the camp, by which the management Indians were notified of their speed in marching, and of his situation, and were enabled to make a seasonable retreat. The foregoing account, according to the best of my recollection is strictly correct. Groveland, January 24, 1824.
Esq. Salmon was formerly from Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, and was first Serjeant in british library thesis digitisation, Capt. Simpson's and Lieut. Boyd's company. Tradition of the Origin of the Seneca Nation.Their Preservation from about vandalism utter extinction.The Means by which the People who preceded the Senecas were destroyedand the Cause of the different Indian Languages. The tradition of the british thesis Seneca Indians, in regard to their origin, as we are assured by Capt. Horatio Jones, who was a prisoner five years amongst them, and for many years since has been an interpreter, and agent for the payment of their annuities, is that they broke out of the pareto economics essay earth from british thesis digitisation a large mountain at the head of Canandaigua Lake, and that mountain they still venerate as the place of their birth; thence they derive their name, “Ge-nun-de-wah,” [Footnote: This by some is spoken Ge-nun-de-wah-gauh.] or Great Hill, and essay about vandalism, are called “The Great Hill People,” which is the true definition of the word Seneca. The great hill at the head of Canandaigua lake, from whence they sprung, is called Genundewah, and has for british library a long time past been the place where the Indians of that nation have met in council, to hold great talks, and to offer up prayers to the Great Spirit, on account of its having been their birth place; and also in consequence of the destruction of a serpent at that place, in ancient time, in thesis on pelvic inflammatory, a most miraculous manner, which threatened the destruction of the british library whole of the efficiency Senecas, and barely spared enough to commence replenishing the earth.
The Indians say, says Capt. Jones, that the fort on the big hill, or Genundewah, near the head of Canandaigua lake, was surrounded by a monstrous serpent, whose head and tail came together at thesis digitisation the gate. Environmental Protection And Conservation? A long time it lay there, confounding the people with its breath. At length they attempted to make their escape, some with their hommany-blocks, and others with different implements of household furniture; and in marching out of the fort walked down the throat of the serpent. Two orphan children, who had escaped this general destruction by being left some time before on the outside of the fort, were informed by an oracle of the means by which they could get rid of their formidable enemywhich was, to take a small bow and a poisoned arrow, made of a kind of willow, and with that shoot the serpent under its scales. This they did, and library thesis digitisation, the arrow proved effectual; for on its penetrating the skin, the serpent became sick, and extending itself rolled down the hill, destroying all the timber that was in its way, disgorging itself and breaking wind greatly as it went. At every motion, a human head was discharged, and rolled down the hill into the lake, where they lie at this day, in a petrified state, having the construction management hardness and appearance of stones. To this day the Indians visit that sacred place, to british library digitisation mourn the loss of their friends, and to efficiency economics celebrate some rites that are peculiar to themselves.
To the knowledge of white people there has been no timber on british library thesis digitisation the great hill since it was first discovered by them, though it lay apparently in a state of nature for pareto efficiency economics essay a great number of years, without cultivation. Thesis? Stones in about, the shape of Indians' heads may be seen lying in the lake in great plenty, which are said to be the same that were deposited there at the death of the serpent. The Senecas have a tradition, that previous to, and for some time after, their origin at Genundewah, this country, especially about the lakes, was thickly inhabited by a race of civil, enterprizing and industrious people, who were totally destroyed by british library thesis, the great serpent, that afterwards surrounded the inflammatory disease great hill fort, with the assistance of others of the same species; and that they (the Senecas) went into possession of the improvements that were left. In those days the Indians throughout the whole country, as the Senecas say, spoke one language; but having become considerably numerous, the before mentioned great serpent, by an unknown influence, confounded their language, so that they could not understand each other; which was the cause of their division into nations, as the Mohawks, Oneidas, c. At that time, however, the Senecas retained their original language, and continued to occupy their mother hill, on which they fortified themselves against their enemies, and lived peaceably, till having offended the serpent, [Footnote: The pagans of the Senecas believe that all the little snakes were made of the thesis blood of the great serpent, after it rolled into the lake.] they were cut off as before stated. OF THEIR RELIGIONFEASTSAND GREAT SACRIFICE. Vandalism? Perhaps no people are more exact observers of religious duties than those Indians among the Senecas, who are denominated pagans, in contradistinction from those, who, having renounced some of their former superstitious notions, have obtained the name of Christians. The traditionary faith of british library digitisation, their fathers, having been orally transmitted to them from bottom line time immemorial, is implicitly believed, scrupulously adhered to, and thesis digitisation, rigidly practised. They are agreed in their sentimentsare all of one order, and essay about environmental, have individual and public good, especially among themselves, for the great motive which excites them to attend to those moral virtues that are directed and thesis digitisation, explained by all their rules, and in efficiency, all their ceremonies. Digitisation? Many years have elapsed since the introduction of Christian Missionaries among them, whom they have heard, and very generally understand the thesis purport of the british thesis message they were sent to protection deliver. They say that it is highly probable that Jesus Christ came into the world in old times, to establish a religion that would promote the happiness of the white people, on british digitisation the other side of the great water, (meaning the sea,) and that he died for the sins of his people, as the missionaries have informed them: But, they say that Jesus Christ had nothing to do with them, and that the Christian religion was not designed for their benefit; but rather, should they embrace it, they are confident it would make them worse, and consequently do them an inflammatory disease, injury. They say, also, that the Great Good Spirit gave them their religion; and that it is better adapted to british their circumstances, situation and habits, and to the promotion of their present comfort and ultimate happiness, than any system that ever has or can be devised.
They, however, believe, that the essay about Christian religion is better calculated for british library the good of white people than theirs is; and wonder that those who have embraced it, do not attend more strictly to its precepts, and feel more engaged for its support and diffusion among themselves. At the triple bottom present time, they are opposed to preachers or schoolmasters being sent or coming among them; and appear determined by all means to adhere to their ancient customs. They believe in a Great Good Spirit, (whom they call in the Seneca language Nau-wan-e-u,) as the Creator of the world, and of every good thingthat he made men, and all inoffensive animals; that he supplies men with all the comforts of library thesis, life; and that he is particularly partial to the Indians, whom they say are his peculiar people. Essay Environmental And Conservation? They also believe that he is pleased in giving them (the Indians) good gifts; and that he is highly gratified with their good conductthat he abhors their vices, and thesis digitisation, that he is construction dissertation willing to punish them for their bad conduct, not only in british digitisation, this world, but in a future state of existence. His residence, they suppose, lies at a great distance from them, in a country that is perfectly pleasant, where plenty abounds, even to profusion. That there the thesis on pelvic soil is completely fertile, and the seasons so mild that the corn never fails to be goodthat the deer, elk, buffalo, turkies, and other useful animals, are numerous, and that the forests are well calculated to facilitate their hunting them with successthat the streams are pure, and abound with fish: and that nothing is wanting, to render fruition complete. Over this territory they say Nauwaneu presides as an all-powerful king; and that without counsel he admits to his pleasures all whom he considers to library digitisation be worthy of enjoying so great a state of blessedness. To this being they address prayers, offer sacrifices, give thanks for favors, and perform many acts of devotion and management dissertation, reverence. British Digitisation? They likewise believe that Nauwaneu has a brother that is less powerful than himself, and who is essay environmental and conservation opposed to him, and to every one that is or wishes to be good: that this bad Spirit made all evil things, snakes, wolves, catamounts, and all other poisonous or noxious animals and beasts of prey, except the bear, which, on the account of the excellence of its meat for british digitisation food, and skin for clothing, they say was made by Nauwaneu. Besides all this they say he makes and sends them their diseases, bad weather and essay, bad crops, and that he makes and supports witches. He owns a large country adjoining that of his brother, with whom he is continually at british thesis digitisation variance.
His fields are unproductive; thick clouds intercept the rays of the sun, and consequently destructive frosts are frequent; game is very scarce, and management, not easily taken; ravenous beasts are numerous; reptiles of every poisoned tooth lie in the path of the traveller; streams are muddy, and hunger, nakedness and general misery, are severely felt by those who unfortunately become his tenants. He takes pleasure in afflicting the Indians here, and british thesis digitisation, after their death receives all those into his dreary dominions, who in their life time have been so vile as to be rejected by Nauwaneu, under whose eye they are continued in an uncomfortable state forever. To this source of evil they offer some oblations to abate his vengeance, and render him propitious. They, however, believe him to be, in a degree, under subjection to on pelvic inflammatory his brother, and incapable of executing his plans only by his high permission. Library Digitisation? Public religious duties are attended to in the celebration of particular festivals and sacrifices, which are observed with circumspection and attended with decorum. In each year they have five feasts, or stated times for assembling in their tribes, and essay environmental and conservation, giving thanks to Nauwaneu, for the blessings which they have received from british his kind and liberal and provident hand; and also to converse upon the best means of meriting a continuance of his favors. The first of these feasts is immediately after they have finished sugaring, at which time they give thanks for the favorable weather and great quantity of triple bottom, sap they have had, and for the sugar that they have been allowed to make for the benefit of their families.
At this, as at all the succeeding feasts, the Chiefs arise singly, and british, address the audience in a kind of exhortation, in which they express their own thankfulness, urge the necessity and propriety of general gratitude, and essay about environmental protection, point out the library digitisation course which ought to be pursued by environmental protection and conservation, each individual, in order that Nauwaneu may continue to british thesis bless them, and that the evil spirit may be defeated. Bottom Research? On these occasions the Chiefs describe a perfectly straight line, half an inch wide, and british thesis, perhaps ten miles long, which they direct their people to travel upon by placing one foot before the other, with the pareto heel of one foot to thesis digitisation the toe of the other, and so on till they arrive at the end. To Write Essays? The meaning of which is, that they must not turn aside to the right hand or to the left into british library, the paths of vice, but keep straight ahead in the way of well doing, that will lead them to the paradise of Nauwaneu. The second feast is pareto efficiency essay after planting; when they render thanks for the pleasantness of the seasonfor the good time they have had for preparing their ground and planting their corn; and are instructed by thesis, their Chiefs, by triple bottom line, what means to merit a good harvest. When the green corn becomes fit for british use, they hold their third, or green corn feast. Good Movies To Write Essays? Their fourth is celebrated after corn harvest; and the fifth at the close of their year, and is always celebrated at the time of the old moon in british library thesis digitisation, the last of January or first of February. This last deserves a particular description. The Indians having returned, from research hunting, and having brought in all the venison and skins that they have taken, a committee is appointed, says Mrs. British? Jemison, consisting of from ten to twenty active men, to superintend the festivities of the great sacrifice and thanksgiving that is to essay about and conservation be immediately celebrated. This being done, preparations are made at the council-house, or place of meeting, for the reception and accommodation of the british digitisation whole tribe; and then the ceremonies are commenced, and the whole is bottom line papers conducted with a great degree of order and harmony, under the british library direction of the committee. Two white dogs, [Footnote: This was the practice in former times; but at present I am informed that only one dog is sacrificed.] without spot or blemish, are selected (if such can be found, and economics essay, if not, two that have the fewest spots) from those belonging to british thesis the tribe, and killed near the door of the good movies to write council-house, by being strangled.
A wound on the animal or an effusion of blood, would spoil the digitisation victim, and render the sacrifice useless. The dogs are then painted red on construction dissertation their faces, edges of their ears, and on various parts of british digitisation, their bodies, and are curiously decorated with ribbons of different colors, and fine feathers, which are tied and fastened on in such a manner as to make the most elegant appearance. Good To Write About? They are then hung on a post near the door of the thesis digitisation council-house, at the height of twenty feet from the ground. This being done, the frolic is commenced by those who are present, while the committee run through the tribe or town, and essay vandalism, hurry the people to assemble, by knocking on british thesis digitisation their houses. At this time the committee are naked, (wearing only thesis disease a breech-clout,) and each carries a paddle, with which he takes up ashes and scatters them about the house in every direction. In the course of the ceremonies, all the fire is extinguished in library thesis, every hut throughout the tribe, and new fire, struck from the flint on each hearth, is kindled, after having removed the whole of the ashes, old coals, c. Triple Bottom Line Research Papers? Having done this, and discharged one or two guns, they go on, and in this manner they proceed till they have visited every house in the tribe. This finishes the thesis digitisation business of the first day. On the second day the committee dance, go through the town with bear-skin on vandalism their legs, and at every time they start they fire a gun.
They also beg through the tribe, each carrying a basket in which to receive whatever may be bestowed. British Thesis Digitisation? The alms consist of Indian tobacco, and other articles that are used for incense at on pelvic disease the sacrifice. Each manager at this time carries a dried tortoise or turtle shell, containing a few beans, which he frequently rubs on the walls of the houses, both inside and out. Thesis Digitisation? This kind of manoeuvering by the committee continues two or three days, during which time the people at the council-house recreate themselves by dancing. On the fourth or fifth day the committee make false faces of husks, in which they run about, making a frightful but ludicrous appearance. In this dress, (still wearing the bear-skin,) they run to construction management dissertation the council-house, smearing themselves with dirt, and british thesis digitisation, bedaub every one who refuses to contribute something towards filling the baskets of incense, which they continue to carry, soliciting alms. To Write? During all this time they collect the british digitisation evil spirit, or drive it off entirely, for the present, and also concentrate within themselves all the sins of environmental and conservation, their tribe, however numerous or heinous. On the eighth or ninth day, the committee having received all the digitisation sin, as before observed, into their own bodies, they take down the dogs, and after having transfused the whole of it into and conservation, one of their own number, he, by a peculiar slight of hand, or kind of british library thesis, magic, works it all out of himself into the dogs. The dogs, thus loaded with all the sins of the economics people, are placed upon a pile of wood that is directly set on fire. Here they are burnt, together with the sins with which they were loaded, surrounded by the multitude, who throw incense of tobacco or the like into the fire, the british thesis digitisation scent of which they say, goes up to Nauwaneu, to whom it is pleasant and acceptable. This feast continues nine days, [Footnote: At present, as I have been informed, this feast is not commonly held more than from about vandalism five to seven days.
In former times, and till within a few years, nine days were particularly observed.] and british library thesis, during that time the Chiefs review the national affairs of the year past; agree upon about environmental protection, the best plan to be pursued through the british library next year, and attend to all internal regulations. On the last day, the whole company partake of an elegant dinner, consisting of meat, corn and beans, boiled together in about environmental protection and conservation, large kettles, and stirred till the whole is completely mixed and soft. This mess is devoured without much ceremonysome eat with a spoon, by dipping out of the kettles; others serve themselves in library digitisation, small dippers; some in good movies essays, one way, and some in another, till the whole is consumed. After this they perform the war dance, the peace dance, and smoke the pipe of peace; and then, free from iniquity, each repairs to his place of abode, prepared to commence the business of a new year. In this feast, temperance is observed, and commonly, order prevails in a greater degree than would naturally be expected. They are fond of the company of spectators who are disposed to be decent, and treat them politely in their way; but having been frequently imposed upon by the whites, they treat them generally with indifference. OF THEIR DANCES. Library Thesis Digitisation? Of these, two only will be noticed.
The war dance is said to have originated about the time that the Six Nations, or Northern Indians, commenced the old war with the Cherokees and other Southern Indian Nations, about one hundred years ago. When a tribe, or number of tribes of the Six Nations, had assembled for the purpose of going to battle with their enemies, the Chiefs sung this song, and accompanied the music with dancing, and good movies to write essays about, gestures that corresponded with the sentiments expressed, as a kind of stimulant to increase their courage, and anxiety to march forward to the place of carnage. British Library Thesis Digitisation? Those days having passed away, the Indians at this day sing the 'war song,' to commemorate the achievements of their fathers, and as a kind of amusement. When they perform it, they arm themselves with a war-club, tomahawk and knife, and commence singing with firm voice, and protection, a stern, resolute countenance: but before they get through they exhibit in their features and actions the most shocking appearance of anger, fury and digitisation, vengeance, that can be imagined: No exhibition of the kind can be more terrifying to a stranger. The song requires a number of repetitions in the tune, and has a chorus that is sung at the end of each verse. I have not presumed to arrange it in metre; but the following is the substance: “We are assembled in the habiliments of war, and management, will go in quest of our enemies. Library Thesis Digitisation? We will march to their land and spoil their possessions. We will take their women and children, and movies to write essays about, lead them into captivity. The warriors shall fall by our war-clubswe will give them no quarter. Our tomahawks we will dip in their brains! with our scalping knives we will scalp them.” At each period comes on the chorus, which consists of british digitisation, one monosyllable only, that is sounded a number of times, and articulated like a faint, stifled groan. This word is “eh,” and signifies “we will,” or “we will go,” or “we will do.” While singing, they perform the ceremony of research, killing and scalping, with a great degree of dexterity.
The peace dance is performed to a tune without words, by both sexes. The Indians stand erect in one place, and strike the british thesis digitisation floor with the heel and toes of one foot, and then of the triple bottom line papers other, (the heels and toes all the while nearly level,) without changing their position in the least. British Digitisation? The squaws at the same time perform it by triple line, keeping the feet close together, and without raising them from the british library thesis digitisation ground, move a short distance to the right, and then to the left, by first moving their toes and then their heels. This dance is beautiful, and is generally attended with decency. OF THEIR GOVERNMENT. Their government is an triple bottom, oligarchy of a mixed nature; and is administered by Chiefs, a part of thesis digitisation, whose offices are hereditary, and about environmental, a part elective.
The nation is divided into british thesis digitisation, tribes, and essay and conservation, each tribe commonly has two Chiefs. One of these inherits his office from british thesis his father. He superintends all civil affairs in the tribe; attends the national council, of which he is a member; assents to all conveyances of land, and essay environmental protection and conservation, is consulted on digitisation every subject of importance. The other is elected by the tribe, and can be removed at the pleasure of his constituents for malconduct. He also is thesis inflammatory disease a member of the national council: but his principal business is to superintend the military concerns of his tribe, and in war to lead his warriors to battle. He acts in concert with the other Chief, and their word is implicitly relied on, as the law by thesis, which they must be governed.
That which they prohibit, is good movies about not meddled with. The Indian laws are few, and easily expounded. Library Digitisation? Their business of a public nature is transacted in council, where every decision is final. They meet in general council once a year, and sometimes oftener. The administration of their government is not attended with expense. They have no national revenue, and consequently have no taxes. THE EXTENT AND NUMBER OF THE SIX NATIONS. The Six Nations in the state of New-York are located upon essay about vandalism, several reservations, from the Oneida Lake to british thesis the Cattaraugus and Allegany rivers. Management Dissertation? A part of those nations live on the Sandusky, in the state of Ohio, viz380 Cayugas, 300 Senecas, 64 Mohawks, 64 Oneidas, and 80 Onondagas. The bulk of the Mohawks are on Grand River, Upper Canada, together with some Senecas, Tuscaroras, Cayugas, Oneidas, and Onondagas.
In the state of library thesis, New-York there are 5000, and in the state of Ohio 688, as we are assured by Capt. Horatio Jones, agent for paying their annuities, making in the whole, in both states, 5688. OF THEIR COURTSHIPS, c. When an Indian sees a squaw whom he fancies, he sends a present to her mother or parents, who on receiving it consult with his parents, his friends, and each other, on the propriety and good to write essays, expediency of the library proposed connexion. If it is not agreeable, the present is returned; but if it is, the lover is informed of his good fortune, and pareto efficiency economics essay, immediately goes to live with her, or takes her to a hut of his own preparing. Polygamy is practised in a few instances, and is not prohibited. Divorces are frequent. If a difficulty of importance arises between a married couple, they agree to library thesis separate. They divide their property and children; the squaw takes the thesis disease girls, the Indian the digitisation boys, and both are at liberty to marry again. Construction Management Dissertation? They have no marriage ceremony, nor form of british, divorcement, other than what has been mentioned. OF FAMILY GOVERNMENT.
In their families, parents are very mild, and construction management, the mother superintends the children. The word of the Indian father, however, is law, and must be obeyed by the whole that are under his authority. One thing respecting the Indian women is worthy of attention, and perhaps of digitisation, imitation, although it is now a days considered beneath the dignity of the ladies, especially those who are the most refined; and that is, they are under a becoming subjection to their husbands. It is a rule, inculcated in all the Indian tribes, and practised throughout their generations, that a squaw shall not walk before her Indian, nor pretend to take the lead in his business. And for this reason we never can see a party on the march to or from hunting and the like, in which the squaws are not directly in the rear of their partners. OF THEIR FUNERALS. The deceased having been laid out in his best clothing, is protection put into a coffin of boards or bark, and with him is deposited, in every instance, a small cup and a cake. Generally two or three candles are also put into the coffin, and in a few instances, at the burial of a great man, all his implements of war are buried by the side of the body. The coffin is then closed and carried to the grave. On its being let down, the person who takes the lead of the british thesis solemn transaction, or a Chief, addresses the dead in a short speech, in which he charges him not to be troubled about himself in his new situation, nor on efficiency economics his journey, and not to trouble his friends, wife or children, whom he has left. Tells him that if he meets with strangers on his way, he must inform them what tribe he belongs to, who his relatives are, the british thesis situation in which he left them, and that having done this, he must keep on till he arrives at movies to write about the good fields in the country of thesis, Nauwaneu.
That when he arrives there he will see all his ancestors and good movies essays, personal friends that have gone before him; who, together with all the Chiefs of celebrity, will receive him joyfully, and furnish him with every article of perpetual happiness. The grave is now filled and british, left till evening, when some of the thesis disease nearest relatives of the british dead build a fire at the head of triple bottom research, it, near which they set till morning. In this way they continue to practise nine successive nights, when, believing that their departed friend has arrived at the end of his journey, they discontinue their attention. During this time the relatives of the dead are not allowed to dance. Formerly, frolics were held, after the british library digitisation expiration of nine days, for the dead, at which all the squaws got drunk, and those were the only occasions on which they were intoxicated: but lately those are discontinued, and about protection, squaws feel no delicacy in british library thesis, getting inebriated. OF THEIR CREDULITY. Bottom Line Research Papers? As ignorance is the digitisation parent of credulity, it is not a thing to be wondered at that the essay vandalism Indians should possess it in a great degree, and even suffer themselves to british library thesis digitisation be dictated and line research papers, governed by it in many of the most important transactions of their lives. They place great confidence in dreams, attach some sign to every uncommon circumstance, and believe in charms, spirits, and british library digitisation, many supernatural things that never existed, only in minds enslaved to ignorance and tradition: but in no instance is their credulity so conspicuous, as in their unalterable belief in witches. They believe there are many of these, and construction dissertation, that next to british the author of evil, they are the greatest scourge to their people. The term witch, by them, is used both in the masculine and feminine gender, and denotes a person to whom the evil deity has delegated power to inflict diseases, cause death, blast corn, bring bad weather, and in short to cause almost any calamity to which they are liable. With this impression, and believing that it is their actual duty to destroy, as far as lies in their power, every source of unhappiness, it has been a custom among them from time immemorial, to destroy every one that they could convict of so heinous a crime; and in fact there is inflammatory no reprieve from the sentence.
Mrs. Jemison informed us that more or less who had been charged with being witches, had been executed in almost every year since she has lived on the Genesee. Library Thesis Digitisation? Many, on about being suspected, made their escape: while others, before they were aware of being implicated, have been apprehended and brought to trial. She says that a number of years ago, an Indian chased a squaw, near Beard's Town, and caught her; but on british library digitisation the account of her great strength she got away. The Indian, vexed and disappointed, went home, and the next day reported that he saw her have fire in her mouth, and that she was a witch. Essay? Upon this she was apprehended and killed immediately.
She was Big-tree's cousin, Mrs. Jemison says she was present at the execution. She also saw one other killed and thrown into the river. Col. Jeremiah Smith, of library digitisation, Leicester, near Beard's Town, saw an Indian killed by his five brothers, who struck him on triple line papers the head with their tomahawks at one time. He was charged with being a witch, because of his having been fortunate enough, when on a hunting party, to kill a number of thesis digitisation, deer, while his comrades failed of taking any.
Col. Smith also saw a squaw, who had been convicted of being a witch, killed by having small green whips burnt till they were red hot, but not quite coaled, and thrust down her throat. From such trifling causes thousands have lost their lives, and notwithstanding the means that are used for their reformation, the pagans will not suffer “a witch to live.” OF THE MANNER OF FARMING, AS PRACTISED BY THE INDIAN WOMEN. It is well known that the squaws have all the triple bottom line labor of the field to perform, and british digitisation, almost every other kind of management dissertation, hard service, which, in civil society, is performed by the men. In order to expedite their business, and at british digitisation the same time enjoy each other's company, they all work together in essay about, one field, or at whatever job they may have on british thesis hand. In the triple bottom research spring they choose an old active squaw to be their driver and overseer when at labor, for the ensuing year. She accepts the honor, and they consider themselves bound to obey her. When the time for library digitisation planting arrives, and the soil is prepared, the protection and conservation squaws are assembled in the morning, and british library digitisation, conducted into a field, where each plants one row. They then go into on pelvic disease, the next field, plant once across, and so on till they have gone through the tribe. British Library Thesis Digitisation? If any remains to be planted, they again commence where they did at first, (in the same field,) and so keep on till the whole is finished.
By this rule they perform their labor of every kind, and thesis on pelvic inflammatory, every jealousy of thesis, one having done more or less than another, is effectually avoided. Each squaw cuts her own wood; but it is all brought to the house under the direction of the overseereach bringing one back load. OF THEIR METHOD OF COMPUTING TIME, AND KEEPING THEIR RECORDS. This is done by moons and winters: a moon is a month, and the time from the end of one winter to that of another, a year. From sunset till sunrise, they say that the sun is asleep. In the efficiency essay old of the moon, when it does not shine in the night, they say it is dead. They rejoice greatly at the sight of the new moon.
In order to thesis digitisation commemorate great events, and preserve the movies to write essays about chronology of them, the war Chief in each tribe keeps a war post. This post is library a peeled stick of timber, 10 or 12 feet high, that is erected in efficiency economics, the town. For a campaign they make, or rather the Chief makes, a perpendicular red mark, about three inches long and half an inch wide; on the opposite library, side from this, for a scalp, they make a red cross, thus, +; on another side, for a prisoner taken, they make a red cross in essay about vandalism, this manner, X', with a head or dot, and by placing such significant hireoglyphics in so conspicuous a situation, they are enabled to ascertain with great certainty the time and circumstances of past events. Hiokatoo had a war-post, on which was recorded his military exploits, and other things that he tho't worth preserving. Hiokatoo used to say that when he was a young man, there lived in british digitisation, the same tribe with him an old Indian warrior, who was a great counsellor, by the name of Buck-in-je-hil-lish. Buckinjehillish having, with great fatigue, attended the essay vandalism council when it was deliberating upon war, declared that none but the ignorant made war, but that the british library digitisation wise men and movies essays about, the warriors had to library thesis do the fighting. This speech exasperated his countrymen to such a degree that he was apprehended and tried for being a witch, on the account of his having lived to so advanced an age; and because he could not show some reason why he had not died before, he was sentenced to be tomahawked by a boy on thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease the spot, which was accordingly done.
In the last war, (1814,) an Indian who had been on fatigue, called at a commissary's and begged some bread. He was sent for a pail of thesis digitisation, water before he received it, and about vandalism, while he was absent an officer told the commissary to put a piece of money into the bread, and observe the event. He did so. The Indian took the bread and went off: but on the next day having ate his bread and found the money, he came to the commissary and british digitisation, gave him the same, as the officer had anticipated. Little Beard, a celebrated Indian Chief, having arrived to a very advanced age, died at his town on the Genesee river about the first of construction, June, 1806, and was buried after the british thesis digitisation manner of pareto efficiency economics, burying chiefs. In his life time he had been quite arbitrary, and british thesis, had made some enemies whom he hated, probably, and was not loved by them. The grave, however, deprives envy of its malignity, and revenge of its keenness. Little Beard had been dead but a few days when the construction management dissertation great eclipse of the sun took place, on the sixteenth of June, which excited in thesis digitisation, the Indians a great degree of astonishment; for essay environmental protection as they were ignorant of astronomy, they were totally unqualified to account for so extraordinary a phenomenon.
The crisis was alarming, and library digitisation, something effectual must he done, without delay, to remove, if possible, the essay cause of british thesis, such coldness and construction management dissertation, darkness, which it was expected would increase. They accordingly ran together in the three towns near the Genesee river, and after a short consultation agreed that Little Beard, on the account of some old grudge which he yet cherished towards them, had placed himself between them and the sun, in order that their corn might not grow, and so reduce them to thesis digitisation a state of starvation. Having thus found the cause, the next thing was to construction dissertation remove it, which could only be done the use of powder and british library thesis, ball. Upon this, every gun and rifle was loaded, and a firing commenced, that continued without cessation till the old fellow left his seat, and the obscurity was entirely removed, to the great joy of the ingenious and fortunate Indians. In the month of February, 1824, Corn Planter, a learned pagan Chief at Tonnewonta, died of common sickness. He had received a liberal education, and was held in high estimation in good to write, his town and thesis digitisation, tribe, by both parties; but the pagans more particularly mourned his loss deeply, and essay environmental and conservation, seemed entirely unreconciled. They imputed his death to witchcraft, and charged an Indian by the name of Prompit, with the crime. Mr.
Prompit is a Christian Indian, of the Tuscarora nation, who has lived at Tonnewonta a number of library, years, where he has built a saw-mill himself, which he owns, and is considered a decent, respectable man. About two weeks after the death of Corn Planter, Mr. Prompit happened in company where the author was present, and immediately begun to thesis disease converse upon that subject. He said that the old fashioned Indians called him a witchbelieved that he had killed Corn Planter, and had said that they would kill him. But, said he, all good people know that I am not a witch, and that I am clear of the charge. Likely enough they will kill me; but if they do, my hands are clean, my conscience is clear, and I shall go up to God. I will not run nor hide from them, and they may kill me if they choose toI am innocent. When Jesus Christ's enemies, said he, wanted to kill him, he did not run away from them, but let them kill him; and why should I run away from my enemies?
How the affair will terminate, we are unable to decide. DESCRIPTION OF GENESEE RIVER AND ITS BANKS, FROM MOUNT MORRIS TO THE UPPER FALLS. From Mount Morris the banks of the Genesee are from library two to good to write about four hundred feet in thesis, height, with narrow flats on one side of the river or the other, till you arrive at the tract called Gardow, or Cross Hills. Here you come to Mrs. Jemison's flats, which are two miles and a quarter long, and from eighty to one hundred and movies to write essays, twenty rods wide, lying mostly on british library thesis digitisation the west side of the essay environmental and conservation river. Near the upper end of these flats is the Great Slide. Digitisation? Directly above this, the banks (still retaining their before mentioned height) approach so near each other as to admit of but thirty acres of flat on one side of the river only, and above this the perpendicular rock comes down to the water. From Gardow you ascend the river five miles to the lower falls, which are ninety-three feet perpendicular. These falls are twenty rods wide, and have the greatest channel on the east side. From Wolf creek to these falls the construction banks are covered with elegant white and Norway pine. Above the lower falls the library thesis digitisation banks for about two miles are of management dissertation, perpendicular rock, and retain their height of between two and four hundred feet.
Having travelled this distance you reach the middle falls, which are an library, uninterrupted sheet of water fifteen rods wide, and one hundred and ten feet in perpendicular height. This natural curiosity is not exceeded by papers, any thing of the kind in the western country, except the cataract at Niagara. From the digitisation middle falls the banks gradually rise, till you ascend the river half a mile, when you come to the upper falls, which are somewhat rolling, 66 feet, in the shape of a harrow. Essay About? Above this the banks are of moderate height. British Library Digitisation? The timber from the lower to the upper falls is good movies principally pine. Just above the middle falls a saw-mill was erected this season (1823) by Messrs. Ziba Hurd and Alva Palmer. In November, 1822, Capt. Stephen Rolph and digitisation, Mr. Alva Palmer drove a deer into Genesee river, a short distance above the middle falls, where the banks were so steep and economics, the current so impetuous, that it could not regain the shore, and consequently was precipitated over the falls, one hundred and ten feet, into the gulph below. Library Thesis Digitisation? The hunters ran along the bank below the on pelvic disease falls, to watch the fate of the animal, expecting it would be dashed in pieces.
But to their great astonishment it came up alive, and by swimming across a small eddy, reached the bank almost under the falls; and as it stood in that situation, Capt. Ralph, who was on the top of the bank, shot it. This being done, the next thing to be considered was, how to get their prize. The rock being perpendicular, upwards of library, one hundred feet, would not admit of their climbing down to it, and there was no way, apparently, for them to get at it, short of going down the river two miles, to the lower falls, and then by essay about, creeping between the water and the precipice, they might possibly reach their game. This process would be too tedious. At length Mr. Palmer proposed to Capt. Rolph and Mr.
Heman Merwin, who had joined them, that if they would make a windlas and fasten it to a couple of saplings that stood near, and then procure some ropes, he would be let down and get the deer. Thesis? The apparatus was prepared; the rope was tied round Palmer's body, and he was let down. On arriving at the bottom he unloosed himself, fastened the rope round the deer, which they drew up, and then threw down the rope, in inflammatory, which he fastened himself, and was drawn up, without having sustained any injury. From the top to the bottom of the rock, where he was let down, was exactly one hundred and twenty feet.
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Essay On Holy Quran In Urdu Language Essays and Research Papers. miracles in Quran Course: General study skills Name: Nasir Ahmed Ayanleh I.D: k-70904562 Lecturer: Dr. Hala Janoudi Contents . Introduction: 2 Scientific discoveries: 2 Time relativity: 2 Ascending in the sky: 3 The sky that returns: 3 Conclusion 4 Scientific miracles in Quran Introduction: The miraculous nature of the british library digitisation, Holy Quran lies mostly in the fact that it speaks to people from each time period with the papers, language they understand. For example, the people in the holy prophet’s. Islam , Miracle , Muhammad 624 Words | 3 Pages. The Quran is a Book of Guidance. The Holy Quran was presented to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu 'alahi wa Salaam) . through angel Jibreel alaihissallam. The Quran was given to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu 'alahi wa Salaam) by Allah in the month of Ramadan. Allah also revealed three more books called Taurat, Zaboor and Injil . The Surahs which were revealed in Makkah were called Makki surahs while the surahs which were revealed in library digitisation Madinah were known as Madani surahs. The Quran has 114 surahs altogether.
Abu Bakr , Ali , Allah 833 Words | 3 Pages. The term ' Urdu ' and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu . language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. Good About. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into present day Urdu . It is for this reason that Urdu is also referred to as Lashkari. English language , Hindi , Hindustani language 1737 Words | 4 Pages. ? Urdu - The Origin and british library thesis digitisation History of the Language Published on February 17 2014 by www.eautytask.com The term ' Urdu ' . and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army.
The Urdu languagedeveloped between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually. Arabic language , Ghazal , Hindi 1257 Words | 2 Pages. THE HOLY QURAN Islam appeared in construction dissertation the form of british thesis a book: the thesis disease, Quran . Muslims, consider the Quran . (sometimes spelled Koran) to be the Word of God as transmitted by the Angel Gabriel, in british library digitisation the Arabic language , through the Prophet Muhammad. The Muslim view, moreover, is that the about, Quran supersedes earlier revelations; it is regarded as their summation and completion. It is the final revelation, as Muhammad is digitisation regarded as the final prophet - 'the Seal of the Prophets. In a very real sense the Quran is the. Abu Bakr , Ali , Hadith 1635 Words | 5 Pages. ?BOOK OF GUIDENCE Besides being a book of efficiency essay guidance (2:2), the Holy Quran is also a book of wisdom and british thesis knowledge (36:2).
This is . Environmental Protection And Conservation. evident, among other things, from the most scientific, yet easily comprehensible, way in which the Quran guides us towards a definite goal. The entire scheme of guidance has been summed up just in one verse which says Who has created and library thesis digitisation then proportioned: Who has measured and management then guided (87:2,3). The words created and proportioned in the verse imply the creation. Human , Jesus , John the Baptist 1233 Words | 4 Pages. revelation from Allah. This is the belief of over one billion Muslims. Library Digitisation. Muslims believe the Quran to be the pareto economics, verbatim speech of God. Muslims . don’t make this bold clam without proof.
There are many reasons that support that Muhammad (sallahu alahi wasalm) was not a mad man and he did actually receive revelation from the british library, Almighty. Among the innumerable facts, this writing will contribute two facts only: First, the Quran contains many scientific facts that are only being found out recently. The Quran’s linguistic. Ali , Arabic language , Hadith 1916 Words | 5 Pages. Al- Quran MCQS • Kalima Tayyaiba is mentioned in Quran for 2 times. • The word Quran means “read one”. • 114 . total number of Surah • Surah means city of Refuge. Environmental Protection And Conservation. • 86 Makki Surah. Library Thesis Digitisation. • 28 Madine Surah. • 558 Rukus. • Al-Baqrah is the longest Surah. • Al- Kausar is the shortest Surah. • Al-Nass is the on pelvic inflammatory, last surah. • 14 bows are in Quran . • First bow occurs in 9th Para i.e Al-Inaam Surah. • Al-Faitha is the preface of the holy Quran . British Thesis. • Five verses were reveled in the first wahy. • Namaz. Abu Bakr , Al-Fatiha , Ali 1600 Words | 7 Pages.
of identity. Language is also amark of identification of any nation. Pakistan is economics essay a federation of british four provinces and its national . language is URDU . Efficiency. URDU - THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE OF PAKISTAN Urdu is british thesis our national language . It has played an about and conservation, importyant role in the articulation of muslim culture in South East Asia.It has been rightly said that urdu had been the british, a symbol, an issue and a weapon in our struggle for independence. The 1973 constitution of Pakistan has also declared Urdu to be our national. History of Pakistan , India , Islam 850 Words | 3 Pages. Nuha al Shaar Arabic 301- Arabic Prose until end of 3rd Century Sally Al Nazer-36794 Essay Assignment The importance of the pareto efficiency economics essay, . British Digitisation. Quran in influencing the literary Arabic genres Quran is a very influential masterpiece in terms of construction religion, Islamic sciences and other Arab literary genres.
In fact, Quran was not only restricted to spreading and prompting Arabic as a critical language to Muslims, but also Quran influenced the Arabic literature as we can highlight some differences between the pre Islamic. Arabic language , Classical Arabic , Hadith 1687 Words | 5 Pages. Holy Quran: Staying on british library digitisation the Right Path. The project I have created gives a very simple message that the about, Holy Quran is the door to the path which takes a person closer to . British Thesis. Allah. The people who do not choose to enter this door will suffer the consequences. The very basic punishment is the fire in hell. Vandalism. I would like start the description of my project with the verse I wrote on the Quran . Bismillah-hir-Rahman-nir-Rahim” which means In the name of digitisation Allah, the most Gracious, the most Merciful”. The verse is very significant to a Muslim and. Ali , Allah , Arabic language 1176 Words | 3 Pages.
The Qur’an is Complete, Detailed, Sufficient and Understandable www.detailedquran.com It has long been the essay about, position of most Muslims that in order for british thesis digitisation one to . be a Muslim they needed to follow two sources of Islam. The first was the Holy Qur?an; the second was the Hadith and Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. It was stated that the Hadith and Sunnah explained the Qur?an and supplied details where the efficiency essay, Qur?an had none. In short, there was at least an implicit understanding and teaching that the Qur?an. Allah , Arabic language , Hadith 2682 Words | 6 Pages. ? Language Essay PSY/360 Introduction Language is universal way to express . Thesis. how a person feels.
So of course, it is essential in cultures to express their individuality within life. Most of the time people do not put a lot of speculation on what mental processes may be taking place subconsciously. These mental processes allow a person to think, speak, and express their personal thoughts through language . In order to properly analyze that language , cognition must. Cognition , Cognitive psychology , Cognitive science 1078 Words | 4 Pages. Word Count- 1250 Essay #5 Most professions or trades use language specific to that line of work. In the workplace of construction . British Library Thesis. psychiatrists, psychologists, and therapists, there is a specific language used in assessing, diagnosing, and treating clients and patients. I have come to be familiar with this as my mother is a therapist and we have talked about good movies to write about, her work and british thesis digitisation diagnosing people with a variety of mental health disorders. The problem with such language and expressing that language in a book like. Antisocial personality disorder , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of management dissertation Mental Disorders , Homosexuality 1321 Words | 4 Pages.
Muslims consider the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, as the word of God and a miracle. According to Islamic tradition, the Qur'an was . revealed miraculously to Muhammad by Allah (God) through angel, Jibril (Gabriel), as a perfect, verbatim copy of what was written in heaven and that had existed there for all of eternity. The Qur'an states that Muhammad neither read a book nor wrote a book [ Quran 29:48] and that he did not know about past events [ Quran 3:44][11:49][28:44]. So, from a widely. Allah , Gabriel , Islam 1121 Words | 4 Pages. Running head: QURAN AND SCIENCE 1 Quran and Science Baratul Khan PHI 103 Prof. Kurt Mosser . January 29, 2012 QURAN AND SCIENCE 2 For many centuries now there has been one topic which has been affecting a large amount of people. That topic is religion. Since there are many images of religion, it is hard to library tell which one is the truth. Many brilliant scholars has analyzed and still analyzing which scripture in this world can claim to be the essay vandalism, book. Big Bang , Galaxy , Hadith 1396 Words | 4 Pages.
less in number. Married women make up 47.52 percent and unmarried 37.81 percent of the thesis, economic growth in informal sector. The large number of illiterate . women is found working in informal sectors in Pakistan. On average 57% of pareto total could read the Holy Quran while 27% are totally illiterate, while only 12% of women have some form of formal education ranging from british, primary to secondary level. Only 10% has done their matriculation. Reasons for good movies to write essays Working: The reasons that make rural women working in the. Economics , Gross domestic product , Informal sector 1610 Words | 5 Pages. ?Marquise Long Understanding the importance of language An American author named Oliver Wendell Holmes . once stated, “ Language is the british thesis, blood of the bottom, soul into british thesis, which thoughts run and out of which they grow.” This quote, itself describes the importance of language as it embraces “growth” as an triple bottom research papers, aspect of it. Language , which is a method of communication used by humans, allows for innovation and progress within the world. For starters, communication is important because.
American films , Culture , Doctor 987 Words | 4 Pages. How English Language Has Brought Change to Urdu Language. that English has brought to the Urdu language over the period of time. The two I will be discussing are: * Differences in british library thesis digitisation . schooling. * Government role in making English as an official language . However these two reasons are interlinked. At sir Amjad’s time English was taught like a foreign language in schools, after the 5th or 6th grade and management dissertation now it is digitisation taught since prep.
In fact when a child is taken for an admission he/she is interviewed in English language and is expected to answer in English. English language , French language , Government 769 Words | 3 Pages. Prophet’s revelations and issued them as the Quran , the on pelvic inflammatory, holy book of Islam. (Text, Page 207) . Personal Story Memorizing the british digitisation, Quran is a journey of a lifetime. To solidify over to write essays about 600 pages, containing 6,236 verses, comprised in about 9,050 plus lines of pure Arabic text down to every letter and syllable is a miraculous feat. Thesis Digitisation. Some, like myself, may not even understand a single word in the entire book because of the language barrier, but persistently and painstakingly. Gabriel , Islam , Jesus 1065 Words | 3 Pages. ?Name: Abhay Malviya Roll no.11009 Language and Religion Introduction Language is the human ability . to acquire and use complex systems of communication, and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics.
A religion is an organized collection of efficiency beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of british existence. Religion may or may not have God or deities. On Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. What makes religion an organized. Brain , Christianity , Extinct language 1502 Words | 4 Pages. existence of different languages and british library thesis the need for their translation create problems for the acquisition of knowledge? According to Sartre, . words carry more power than we think and have the ability to economics betray their proper meanings. Words, or in a broader sense, language , is far more powerful than we give it credit for and is ambiguous in its nature to either be powerful in a good way or treacherous. When language is translated properly and knowledge is british thesis digitisation acquired successfully, language is powerful. However. Arabic language , Existentialism , Language 915 Words | 3 Pages.
Essay 1 Does the language you speak reflect your personal and cultural Identity? The United States of America is dissertation one of the most . diverse countries in the world and for that reason there are many different languages spoken. Most people who move to this land of opportunities are required to library thesis digitisation learn the primary language , English. About. By learning the language of the new world they have entered, they are slowly giving up the culture and language from which they came from. Thesis. People who have trouble learning English. Americas , English language , Essay 1643 Words | 4 Pages.
job overall. The Qur’an Make an original title that reflects your thesis statement. The Qur'an is recognized as the last literal words of GOD given to construction management . his people by british thesis, Muhammad the last prophet, or messenger of essay about environmental protection GOD ( Quran recitations and translation online, 2006-2009). The Quran is without a beginning, middle, or ending, and consists of 114 chapters of british library varying lengths called “Sura”. Each ‘Sura’ is good about titled dependant on the message being portrayed (Hooker, 1996). It also reveals the following “five.
Abraham , Allah , Five Pillars of Islam 1047 Words | 4 Pages. ?Asia Country Official and national Languages Other spoken Languages Afghanistan Pashto (Pashtu, Pushtu) an library thesis, Eastern . Iranian language , it is the native language of the Pashtun people. Dari Persian (Farsi-ye Dari) also known as Afghan Persian. other Turkic and construction dissertation minor languages . Armenia Armenian (Hayeren) is an independent, one- language subgroup within the Indo-European language family. The unique Armenian alphabet, which consists of 39 characters, was created in 405 AD by british library digitisation, a monk named. Dialect , English language , French language 483 Words | 6 Pages. Debra Patterson Professor Brian Campbell English Composition 1- 1102 24 February 2013 The Holy Trinity In the fifteenth century art . Management Dissertation. began to come alive. For decades sculptures had art pieces that depicted so much naturalism and depth, but Masaccio was one of the first artists to create the sense of naturalism and depth in a painting. Library Digitisation. The fresco painting Holy Trinity goes beyond telling a story and really brings a viewer into triple line research papers, the painting. The viewer can feel the british library, pain and emotion and understands.
Christianity , God the essay about environmental protection, Father , God the Father in Western art 1332 Words | 4 Pages. Brills Encyclopaedia of the Quran. CHAPTER NO. I Introduction and Significance of Brills Encyclopaedia of the Quran : 1. Introduction and Significance : The . Quran is the most authentic sacred book for Muslims. Thousands of books and dozens of Encyclopedias are written on it in different languages . Thesis. In English ,on the onset of the 21st century, Brill Institution has published the Encyclopedia of the Quran (BEQ) in six volumes , including the Index Volume .BEQ has found access to the major libraries of many Muslim. Encyclopedia , Hadith , Islam 2012 Words | 6 Pages.
Is Language An Instinct Education Essay. ?Is Language An Instinct Education Essay As you are reading these words, you are taking part in essay vandalism one of the wonders of the natural . world. British Thesis Digitisation. Linguists have continually been bewildered by language and the language debate which has been inundated with arguments by several professionals to support either the inflammatory disease, instinctive or learned side of the thesis, debate. Construction Management. So, in digitisation 1994 when “The Language Instinct” by psychologist Steven Pinker was published, it reignited the pareto essay, discussion. His book utilized the concepts developed. Geoffrey Sampson , Intelligence , Language 1535 Words | 3 Pages. essay, english as a global language. English as a world language outweigh the british thesis, dangers? Predictions are that English could become a future language for the world. Bottom Line Research Papers. . It is widely spoken and taught around the world. By the late eighteen century; John Adams predicted that it would become the most respectable language in the world and most universally read and spoken in the coming centuries. Library. (Burn Coffin: 9). The evidence of this is triple bottom line emphasized by David Crystal in his second edition of his book - English as a global language . Thesis Digitisation. He states that.
Culture , English language , German language 866 Words | 3 Pages. DETAILS OF ESSAY COMPETITION The essay competition is good focused on making the youth of our country aware about the importance and . need of conservation of petroleum products. (A) Essay competition is to be conducted in maximum of 15 languages as given below Sr Language in which essay competitions is to be conducted individually Hindi (North India Language ) English (North India Language ) Urdu (North India Language ) Punjabi (North India Language ) Kashmiri (North India Language ) Tamil (South. East India , India , Languages of India 972 Words | 7 Pages. Role of digitisation Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab Ayesha Tabbasum. Role of Language and Script in Raising the pareto economics essay, Religious Revivalism in british library thesis Colonial Punjab aYESHA TABBASUM The language played the . significant role in the creation of identities among the major communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities and was, in the absence of a common religion the North-western Provinces and various part other parts of the subcontinent. I.H.Qureshi, History of the Pakistan,(BCCamp; Press Karachi, university of. Delhi , Hindi , Hindustani language 1594 Words | 5 Pages.
Qur'an invites. In essence, it is an easy chance for the Jews to prove that the Qur'an is false - that it is construction not a divine revelation. All they have to do is . organize themselves, treat the Muslims nicely for a few years and then say, Now what does your holy book say about who are your best friends in the world - the Jews or the Christians? Look what we Jews have done for you! That is all they have to do to british thesis disprove the Qur'an's authenticity, yet they have not done it in 1400 years.
But, as always, the. Ali , Islam , Muhammad 11942 Words | 31 Pages. Language Essay Ryan Butler Psychology 360 August 29, 2011 Professor Newlin LANGUAGE Have you ever wondered . how we speak? How about why our communication is considered a language and other animal’s communication is not considered language ? A wide range of beliefs exist on what defines language . Thus, by exploring the definition of language and lexicon, evaluating language’s key features, the four levels of language structure and processing, and the role of language in efficiency Cognitive Psychology. Brain , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1420 Words | 4 Pages.
?Practice Essay “These days we are far more tolerant of taboo language ; it no longer has the power to digitisation shock or offend. Discuss.” . Why are we more accepting of taboo language today? Increased usage, social groups that use taboo language to build solidarity/exclude others. Pareto. What are the social purposes of taboo language ? Support group solidarity, create social distance, challenge authority, establish identity In what situations would taboo language be shocking or offensive, and british library when would it be expected/tolerated. Identity , Profanity , Social class 1237 Words | 3 Pages. Written by: - SHAHZAD IFTIKHAR Contact # 0313-7891989, 0333-5319544 e-mail: [email protected] website: www.onlineislamabad.com ENGLISH FOR CLASS 6TH . TO 8TH CLASS ( ESSAYS ) ============================================================ QUAID-E-AZAM Date of Birth: Quaid-e-Azam was born on 25th December 1876 at Karachi Fathers Name: His father name was Jinnah Poonja. He was a rich merchant of Karachi. Construction Management Dissertation. Early Education: He received his early education from Karachi. He passed his Matriculation.
Islam , Karachi , Lahore 1068 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay - Language and Identity. English Composition Language and Identity Who am I? What is it that defines that personality? Anzaldua argues in british digitisation her . essay that the language is what defines one’s identity. Language is indeed an important component of culture, and dissertation culture is known to be a crucial definer of british library identity. People use language to construction connect to british library digitisation their identities and communicating their realities and values to themselves and to the world around them… In other words, language is pareto efficiency essay important because people use it to express. Community , Dialect , English language 1017 Words | 3 Pages. Essay on Montessori Language Language lies at the root of that transformation of the british thesis digitisation, environment that we . call ‘civilization’. The child’s language developments during his or her early years are freely remarkable.
Describe how does the movies about, Montessori environment aid the library digitisation, child’s language development? What is civilization? “Civilization is a term used to describe a certain kind of development of a human society”(2). In ancient Egypt, writing was first discovered in the form of paintings. Ancient Egypt , Attention , Developmental psychology 1116 Words | 4 Pages. Historical Background Of Arabic Language : Arabic language , with its rich heritage is considered to be one of the inflammatory, oldest . languages in the world with a wealth of knowledge that archeologists to this day are still trying to uncover. Since the middle Ages, Arabic has enjoyed a universality that makes it one of the greatest languages in the world, along with Greek and library thesis Latin. This status shows not only the number of speakers, but also the disease, place that the digitisation, language has held in history, and the significant.
Arabian Peninsula , Arabic language , Classical Arabic 850 Words | 3 Pages. Language Gender and Culture Essay. ? Language , Gender, and Culture Essay In our world there are so people that are being overrated, from their skin color, to about environmental how . they talk or to where they came from or the way they walk, everything from what people wear to where people come from and british library digitisation their ethnic background. These people are looked down on on pelvic inflammatory disease from the rest of society for just being themselves and doing only what they know to do. For some, it’s wrong if others do not act just like them and they put them down for it. British Thesis Digitisation. Stereotypes can. Antagonist , Audre Lorde , Audre Lorde Project 879 Words | 3 Pages. Quran Essay Upon my reading of the Quran , I found that many themes of this text are wrapped up in parables. Being . the Christian man that I am, I am fascinated not only with parables in protection the Bible, but also Parables in other religious text as well. For this paper I will be focusing on library digitisation parables and why they are key in many Muslims paths to spiritual ascension. According to the Ahlul Bayt Librabry, an online source for good movies to write about understand the Quran , the central theme of the library thesis, Quran is essay protection and conservation training its follower.
Ali , Allah , Islam 1032 Words | 3 Pages. The Power of Language 1984 Comparison Essay. The Power of Language George Orwell, the writer of many highly regarded literary works, is extremely interested in the . power of library thesis language , mainly how it is thesis disease abused. By analyzing two of his works, 1984 and Politics and The English Language , it is clear that Orwell is using his writing to bring awareness to the dangers of the manipulation, misuse, and decline of language . In 1984 he demonstrates how language can be used to control thought and manipulate the library thesis, past. This is proven.
Communism , English language , George Orwell 1536 Words | 4 Pages. Q: What steps to foster the growth of Urdu has the government taken?  ANS: The government has taken steps to foster the growth of . Urdu . It is the medium of instructions in thesis inflammatory disease many educational institutions in Pakistan. Thesis. A dictionary of office terms in Urdu has been published and steps have been taken to move away from English as the efficiency, language of administration. Urdu is the medium for thesis radio and management television programmes. Urdu plays and british library thesis films are very popular. Urdu novels, poetry, magazines and newspapers. Balochistan , Languages of Pakistan , Pakistan 2677 Words | 9 Pages. ? Language has been known as a symbol of identity since a long time. It is essay vandalism considered as a gelling force to british library keep the communities united. . Movies To Write. Urdu was the digitisation, official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and about used by both, Hindus and Muslims.
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English language , First language , French language 1066 Words | 4 Pages. English AS Language Essay - Language and Power. ?With detailed reference to Text H and to british library thesis digitisation relevant ideas from vandalism, language study, explore how written language is used to assert . power Text H is a poster which displays the rules and information to students taking or entering an exam. It also is for the use of the british library thesis digitisation, invigilators, to inform them of the rules as well as the candidates. This poster will be shown right across the country to students preparing to take an exam. This is essay about done to make sure there is regularity and equality everywhere, so that. Authority , Crime , Mobile phone 953 Words | 3 Pages. Zakat in the Light of Quran and Hadith. items of charity and good doing, as are prescribed for it by God and the Prophet.
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Origin of the library thesis, Urdu Language : The national language of the Pakistani people or our ‘qaumi zuban’ is . On Pelvic Inflammatory. interestingly, one that most of us learn as a second language . Unlike our first language , it is learnt primarily as a written phenomenon. In primary schools, the child encounters its alphabet ‘alif bey pey’. Later, the very language he had toiled and fretted over british library thesis digitisation befriends him and environmental becomes the vital link between him and the multi lingual Pakistani society. The name ‘ Urdu ’ is derived from. Hindi , Hindi languages , Hindustani language 1939 Words | 8 Pages. ?The positive and negative transfers of library Chinese students use their first language to learn English. In China, many people are learning . Essay. English as their second language . Thesis Digitisation. English is the most important language which truly links the whole world together. English language system is very different from good about, Chinese language system in many ways such as, grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary. “Belonging to two different language families, English and Chinese have many significant differences.
This makes. English language , First language , French language 1399 Words | 4 Pages. Management Thoughts in Quran Management today is defined as getting things done through others. Following this concept, a Manager is now . understood as the person who works through others. A good manager, therefore, is a person who not only knows what is to be done but exactly how to get it done.
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Practice Essay , Saving Dying Languages. Is enough being done to preserve language ? Language plays an important role in the progress of nations. It's preservation has . been an important topic of management discussion between the intellects. This has led us to a question whether adequate efforts have been made to save endangered languages . Library Thesis Digitisation. Some people have opinion that there had been sufficient hard work for economics essay the preservation of british thesis digitisation languages such as master apprentice program, documentation programs and full immersion schools system while others disagree. Endangered language , Extinct language , Language death 846 Words | 3 Pages. multilingual is a person who can speak two or more than two languages with equal or less equal proficiency.
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The Language of Friendship: an Analytical Essay. Brenna Calderara COM 100 Communication Analysis Paper 19 March 2012 The Language of triple papers Friendship: an Analytical Essay No . matter who you are or where you live, if you were to thesis spin a globe and thesis disease point to any arbitrary place, land or sea, you are guaranteed to have something in common with who/what may be native to thesis digitisation that area. Whether one uses gestures to construction create nonverbal messages or can verbally express their ideas, they are contributing to the worldwide epidemic of communication. Communication. Best Friends , Communication , First-person narrative 2376 Words | 6 Pages.
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Free Information Technology essays. Nowadays people tend to read articles or news directly from gadgets such as Smartphone and tablets. Wea??re already seeing some changes, even with semantics. Thesis! For example, you publish a book, but you launch an e-book. E-books are more similar to the Internet than to traditional books. Management Dissertation! The lengths of e-books are changing. British Library Digitisation! E-books can be shorter than print books, as seen with long-form journalism and thesis on pelvic disease e-shorts by Byliner, Atavist, Kobo, and library digitisation Kindle Singles.
E-books can also be published as serials, allowing for the agile model of publishing. Readers now have the chance to economics essay give input and help shape the content. The evolution of the E-Books make people change their reading habits. These habits lead to reduction of british library digitisation people visited the library. Library can be defined as a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both.
In another words, people love to subscribe eBooks through gadgets than visit the library to about environmental protection and conservation find a books. In these situation library should play a role in increasing their information about people interest in the form of library digitisation books and Journals. It is because more people nowadays tend to essay about read E-Books or E-Journals than visiting the library. Though e-readers are becoming more and more popular, theya??re not outdistancing print, and therea??s no indication that they will even in the future. In 2012, researcher found that of the adults questioned, only 5 percent of library thesis digitisation them read exclusively e-books.
People of all ages prefer print books than E-books because of many reason. Thesis On Pelvic! It will cover the pro british library thesis digitisation and cons of print books and E-books. There will be a justification made in these report. The purposes of this report are; i) To justify the statement a?˜..Libraries should provide more books rather than invest in thesis on pelvic inflammatory disease, new technology such as ebooks and e-journals. ii) The pros and cons of E-Book and E-Journals.
With the advance of phones, tablets, and british library thesis ereaders, ebooks have become a popular reading standard. Still, there’s something about the feel of an old-fashioned paper book. Ebooks can be read practically anywhere on anything, it really help when we in work and good movies essays about have no time to open a book. On another hand, some researchers discovered that 62 percent of the respondents actually prefer printed books to e-books, even though theya??re technically the technological and digital generation. i) Paper books cannot be deleted and real experience. There are few opinion that agree, library should invest more in books because books is more practical than ebooks.
One of them are; a??The ebook I was reading told me I was 84% finished with the book when the book ended. The remaining 16% was excerpts from the author’s other books, an author interview, and a discussion guide. Paper books are far superior when it comes to letting you know your place in a book, and that’s why I prefer booka?? In these case library should give more attention to providing a books than invest in technology. Libraries should be responsible for keeping paper books as one day the internet may not exist. It is a known fact that paper books are the british thesis only reliable and safe source of information. The best way to start and finish your book is reading the book itself. One day your gadget may lost all the data because of technical problem such as virus and malware.
There is no guarantee that ebooks will kept forever in our phone. Leta??s take an example, when A format their phone or laptop the data store in essay environmental, it will not exist and british library thesis may deleted. It will destruct the essay environmental protection and conservation ebooks in library thesis digitisation, their phone. Good To Write Essays About! Lending print books couldna??t be easiera?” just grab the book and library thesis pass it along; no set-up or hassle involved. There is just something about print books that ebook cana??t compete with, the good movies to write essays way the british thesis digitisation spine cracks the fist time ita??s open, the to write way the pages feel in british library thesis, your hands, the rich scent of paper, the on pelvic way they wear over time and gain character. Library Thesis! People will appreciate the books when they can touch, feel and read it.
The best part it we can hold a pen and write down anything that we thought about line research papers, every passage we read. While ebooks are probably going to be around for quite a while, there is something really special about being able to hold something in british library thesis digitisation, your hands that your parents, grandparents, and other family members had when they were young. Some people love to sit with their family and holding a book than holding a tablet. It is because they will more concentrate on the book their read. Seeing a shelf full of books and topics is on pelvic inflammatory inspiring and stimulates the imagination. Keeping books in handphone and bookshelf is much different.
When we keep books in bookshelf we can see the books in our house or any place. If we keep the books in our gadgets, it was like the books we read are never exist. Library Digitisation! The situation is essay we read and delete rather than read and keep it for thesis, our collection. It’s no secret that reading is essay good for you. Just six minutes of british library thesis digitisation reading is enough to reduce stress by 68%, and numerous studies have shown that reading keeps your brain functioning effectively as you age. One study even found that elderly individuals who read regularly are 2.5 times less likely to develop Alzheimer’s than their peers. But not all forms of bottom line research papers reading are created equal. ii) E-books are damaging our health. Ebooks will damaging our physical and mental health than we might think. British! When we read through smartphone, the light from the screen may destruct our sight and good lead to eyes problem.
Researchers have been examining the differences between reading regular books and e-books for library, years. Many of the studies have shown that reading old-fashioned books has plenty of to write essays about advantages over e-books, which can be gateways to other electronic distractions, all of thesis which screw with your sleep. This is why you should ditch the screen for printed pages. Using laptops or phones late at night to read doesn’t make way for restful sleep. Reading helps you de-stress faster or just as fast as listening to music, taking a walk, or having a cup of essay tea or coffee, according to thesis a 2009 study. When researchers measured heart rate and muscle tension, they found that people relaxed just six minutes into reading. But reading on a device might cancel out essay vandalism this effect, and may even impact your stress levels negatively. Repeated use of british digitisation mobile phones or laptops late at night has been linked to depression, higher levels of stress, and movies to write essays about fatigue among young adults.
Constant use of technology not only disrupts our sleeping patterns and throws off our circadian rhythms, but it fosters a shorter attention span and fractured focus a?” online, we jump from meme to meme and link to link, checking Facebook intermittently. Social media and technological distractions also always seem to foster guilt and regret, and library thesis before we know it, three hours have passed and our brains feel like mush. People nowadays love to read something with visual than directly words by essay about vandalism words. Thata??s why people will love to check facebook than open their books in library digitisation, their smartphone or tablets. Reading an bottom line papers old-fashioned paper book might seem out of style, wasteful, or impractical. But dona??t underestimate the simplicity of british library digitisation holding a physical book in your hands, flipping through the pages, and not having anything else to shift your focus to. Commit to the classic paper book and you’ll get the full, healthier experience. Reading in print helps with comprehension.
A 2014 study found that readers of a short mystery story on a Kindle were significantly worse at remembering the order of events than those who read the same story in paperback. Construction Dissertation! Lead researcher Anne Mangen of Norway’s Stavanger University concluded that “the haptic and tactile feedback of a Kindle does not provide the same support for library digitisation, mental reconstruction of a story as a print pocket book does.” iii) Survey about Prints books and E-books. Textbook makers, bookstore owners and college student surveys all say millennials still strongly prefer print for pleasure and learning, a bias that surprises reading experts given the same groupa??s proclivity to consume most other content digitally. Marlene England (Owner of a bookstores) said millennials regularly tell her they prefer print because ita??s a??easier to follow stories.a?? Pew studies show the highest print readership rates are among those ages 18 to 29, and the same age group is still using public libraries in large numbers. Don Kilburn, North American president for Pearson, the efficiency largest publisher in british thesis, the world and the dominant player in essay about environmental protection, education, said the move to digital a??doesna??t look like a revolution right now. It looks like an evolution, and library thesis digitisation ita??s lumpy at on pelvic inflammatory disease, best.a?? And it can be seen most prominently on college campuses, where students still lug backpacks stuffed with books, even as they increasingly take notes (or check Facebook) on laptops during class. This is the report made by The Washington Post. This post shows that more people will choose prints book than E-books.
In order to justify this report, there is a survey has been conducted with 20 respondent. Digitisation! It will ask about which the respondent prefer in efficiency essay, finding information. The question will cover their choices about prints books or E-books. Survey about Print Books Vs E-books. 1. How many Books have you read in the last year? a??11 or more Books. 2. Library Thesis Digitisation! Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in about environmental protection and conservation, the last 12 months? a??Ia??ve purchased only E-books. a??Ia??ve purchased only printed books. a??Ia??ve bought both e-books and printed books. a??No Ia??havena??t purchased either.
3. Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books? a??Print books only. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and e journals..a?? a??Neither agree or disagree.
Result of the survey. 1. How many Books have you read in the last year? Among the british library 20 respondent the majority will read four to five books in a year. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? These finding shows more people prefer to purchased both e-books and printed books. Printed books are more popular among the reader. 3. Essays About! Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books?
The third questions shows that most of the respondent prefer print books than E-books. Library Digitisation! Many people wrote in their comments and had clear reasons for avoiding the screen like, a??Therea??s something about curling up with a good book in onea??s hands that cana??t be beata?? and a??I spend enough time on computers at work, need a breaka?? to a??I like the pareto essay feel of the library pagesa??. Seems like the smell and feel of paper, curling up on essay about environmental, a rainy afternoon with a mug of tea is better than seeing on library thesis, screen with brighting light that can distract our eyes. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and e journals..a?? The last questions is about the main topic that need to environmental and conservation justify with the survey. More respondents strongly agree that library should vary and invest in print books to satisfied people needs in library thesis, reading a print books. The result show that most of them strongly agree library should invest more on prints book than E-books.
We will forget how good to hold a books in real and appreciate the writing in the print books. Library will play a main role in promoting a people to read a print books. Readers absorb less on Kindles and iPads than when they read on paper. A few years back, researcher wrote that it’s faster to read paper books than e-books, study shows. For a conclusion, it is better if we invest more on about environmental protection and conservation, printed books because many people cana??t forget the smell of the books and also the british library digitisation sentimental value when we hold a book than smartphones. The survey will be the evidence that print books may allow for deeper reading and stronger understanding and dissertation memory than digital books. Nostalgia, comfort and convenience seem to be big reasons in favor for keeping the physical book alive. Another study show that sixteen to 24-year-olds are known as the super-connected generation, obsessed with snapping selfies or downloading the latest mobile apps, so it comes as a surprise to british library learn that 62% prefer print books to triple research ebooks. The two big reasons for preferring print are value for money and an emotional connection to physical books.
On questions of ebook pricing, 28% think that ebooks should be half their current price, while just 8% say that ebook pricing is right. Sometimes books in library digitisation, digital form is expensive than books in essay environmental protection and conservation, printed form. Library Thesis Digitisation! People nowadays will consider much on the value of the things they buy. It is better to buy something that we can see and hold than in virtual form. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on management, hand, waiting to thesis help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Good Movies To Write Essays! Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Books and ebooks . British! Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/information-technology/books-and-ebooks/ [02-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and essay no longer wish to thesis have it published on our website then please click on good movies to write essays, the link below to digitisation request removal:
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