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book report animals Animals in Translation: Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior. By Temple Grandin and Catherine Johnson. Reviewed by Karen Davis, PhD, President of United Poultry Concerns. “People and animals need to chapter three use their faculties, and persuasive essays, curiosity is an chapter three dissertation important faculty. So people and thesis in a, animals need new things to stimulate their brains with.” Temple Grandin, p. 98. “Birds should not be exposed to disturbing noises or visual stimuli or strong vibrations, whether originating inside or outside the house. Visitors should not be allowed without proper supervision, because they could cause birds to panic and injure themselves in their rush to escape and for biosecurity reasons. Wild birds, pets, and other animals should, likewise, not be allowed in the poultry house.” United Egg Producers, “Animal Husbandry Guidelines for U.S. Chapter Three Dissertation. Egg Laying Flocks,” 2003 Edition. Temple Grandin is an multilinguism phd dissertation animal science professor at Colorado State University and a consultant to the meat industry. Catherine Johnson specializes in neuropsychiatry and the brain. Components Chapter Three. Johnson has two autistic sons, and Grandin has autism.

Both writers have doctoral degrees and have published other books. In Animals in Translation , they team up to argue that autism is thesis in a “a kind of way station on the road from components chapter three animals to humans putting autistic people in the perfect position to translate ‘animal talk.’” People with autism have impaired social and communication skills and do not relate to letter for work law firm the emotional states of other people, so it is fair to components ask how autistic people actually compare neurologically and experientially with competent adult animals equipped with complex social and communication skills. Persuasive Essays Education. Are autistic “translators” of dissertation, animal life common and credible enough to constitutional law commerce support the contention that they’re in components chapter dissertation, a perfect position to do this work? How do autistic perceptions of nonhuman animals compare with those of in a, non-autistic animal empathizers? Bypassing these questions, the three dissertation authors contend that animals and autistic people are alike in clause, having mostly simple, unambivalent emotions.

According to Grandin, animals “never have psychodrama” (apparently she never spent time in a lively chicken yard). “Children don’t either,” she says (oh, really?). “Emotionally,” says Grandin, “children are more like animals and autistic people, because children’s frontal lobes are still growing” (pp. Dissertation. 88-89). This is a familiar grouping: normal human children, mentally-challenged human adults, and nonhuman animals are pitted together as having the same basic level of (in)competence and a simple pictorial view of the world as “a swirling mass of essay, tiny details” (p. 67). Grandin writes that even though autistic people have normal-sized brains, they have “trouble making connections.” Their brains ”function more like a child’s brain or an animal’s brain, but for dissertation, different reasons” (p.

90). Grandin says she loves animals, especially cows, but fully upholds the human right to own, control, manipulate, mutilate, buy, sell, inseminate, incarcerate, and slaughter animals, ship them into outer space, and have sex with them for business purposes. (See the section, “How to Make a Pig Fall in Love,” where she describes men masturbating captive pigs getting sows to “stand for the man” and concludes that these pig breeders “respect the thesis paper animals’ nature, and they do a good job with their animals,” p.104). Chapter Dissertation. Wanton and thesis paper, ignorant abuses are of course unacceptable, but economics and the property status of three, animals are sacrosanct. The question isn’t whether we should slaughter cows but “What does a cow headed to slaughter need in order to have a happy life?” (p. 179). Matthew Scully, in his book Dominion , marvels at how Grandin tries to balance her purported empathy for animals with “her consistent support of intensive farming and its economic objectives” (p. 239). Self Awareness Leads To Meaningful Change. Grandin is commendable for dissertation, getting meat industry people to pay a bit of attention to the animals they slaughter (at least when she’s around) and to how the education slaughterhouse (“packing plant”) environment affects animal behavior. Getting cows to walk “nicely” to their death improves the bottom line (animal handling, meat quality and components three dissertation, profits) while reducing animal stress. Animals in Translation is a compilation of often contradictory scientific data, personal anecdotes and conclusions (e.g. animals can’t have mixed emotions though examples in the book show otherwise), little of which is owed to the “mysteries of leads change essay, autism.” And Grandin is an iffy witness at best.

Noting for instance that chickens show pain following debeaking (“trimming”), she goes on: “Ranchers trim chickens’ beaks because chickens get into horrible fights and will peck each other to chapter death. The vet trims off the thesis statement sharp point so the chicken can’t use it as a knife blade” (p. 183). For one thing, it isn’t a “vet” who debeaks chickens at the hatchery but an ordinary assembly-line worker, and Grandin says nothing to enlighten the uninformed reader that the chapter dissertation pecking to which she refers is abnormal behavior brought on by crowding, caging, boredom, filth, fear, disease, intentional food deprivation and other destructive factors of human origin. (Her discussion, elsewhere, of “psycho hens” focuses on persuasive essays on sex education the side-effect of high-strung anxiety in egg-industry hens bred to be pure white and “feed-efficient.” She attributes their “beating their own feathers off against components the sides of their cages, until they were [are] half nude,” and their “violence” to the point of killing each other, to “warped” genetics, without a hint about the role of covering letter for work law firm, cages [p. Dissertation. 77]). Indeed, Grandin says several times in the book that horrible fights in the wild are not compatible with survival “ Few adult animals apart from humans ever attack each other so violently that one of them dies” (p. Persuasive On Sex. 153). Components Chapter Dissertation. In the section called “Rapist Roosters,” Grandin describes the multilinguism abstract abnormal violence that has begun to appear in roosters used for breeding “meat-type” offspring (the 6-week old baby birds consumers know as “chicken”). These so-called broiler breeder roosters often destroy the hens they’re locked up with in components, the breeder houses. Noting that “If roosters killed hens in nature, there wouldn’t be any chickens,” Grandin cites a poultry researcher’s claim that these types of roosters attack the hens because an unexpected consequence of breeding them for abnormally fast growth and multilinguism, overgrown muscles for human consumption is that they don’t do the courtship dance that tells the components three dissertation hen to multilinguism crouch into a sexually receptive position.

When the hen tries to escape, the rooster attacks her with his spurs or toes and slashes her to death (p. 70). Grandin lulls the lay reader, who may not get her little joke about companies “solving” the problem by components chapter three “culling” the worst offenders from the law commerce flock, into thinking it’s been fixed. “I saw some of these chickens just a few months ago,” she says, “and they all behaved just as nicely as can be” (p. 77). This pathological rooster behavior shows what happens when you breed obsessively for a single trait at the expense of overall wellbeing. You get what Grandin calls “warped evolution,” and humans adjust to “the bad becoming normal” (p. 72) a good way to describe the entire factory farm system and “evolved” depravity (not just some tweakable details of it) that Grandin defends. Her explanation of why “broiler breeder” roosters attack hens isn’t satisfactory anyway, as we have these very kinds of chickens here at our sanctuary, and dissertation, I can tell you that the hens crouch during the spring and summer mating season if you so much as lay your hand gently on the backs, or they will walk or run a little, then stop and crouch abruptly as you come up behind them, at which point I say to them, “At ease.” “Broiler” roosters (and hens) suffer from phd dissertation genetic fragility and unfitness.

They’re prone to chapter three dissertation painful lameness, obesity, heart failure, respiratory weakness and infection, heat stress, and juvenile death. Part of what’s wrong with them is that they have been artificially bred to become sexually mature at around three months old instead of the normal six months, so that, halfway out of their infancy, if they are being used for education, breeding, they have adult sex hormones driving them without the neurobiological maturity of an adult bird. Add to this the barren environment and semi-starvation diet to which “broiler breeders” are subjected to control their weight for fertility purposes, plus the fact that the “broiler breeder” rooster’s body, legs, and feet are too big for the hens, who themselves are abnormally heavy, disproportioned and slow-moving, have thin, easily torn skin, and nowhere to escape to, and you have a human-engineered sick situation. Grandin’s proclaimed paucity of chapter three, emotion, compartmentalized emotions, and subnormal sensitivity to pain (pp. 89, 188), her focus on technical fixes and disconnected brain functioning, her contention that slaughterhouse cattle don’t know they’re going to die and essays education, claim of being unable to watch horror movies because the images stay in her conscious mind (because she doesn’t have an “unconscious” like normal people, she says on page 92), while having a stomach for the slaughterhouse but no stomach for vegetarianism (it makes her sick, she says, and isn’t part of our “animal natures,” which, elsewhere she says, humans have outgrown, pp. Components Chapter Three Dissertation. 180, 307), dents the education notion that she’s an animal-friendly “savant.” Many of the problems Grandin presents herself as uniquely spotting in components three, the slaughterhouse environment are the kinds of things that an intelligent non-autistic outsider sees on law commerce clause essay entering an chapter dissertation inbred culture comprising attitudes and clause essay, customs so “normal” to components three dissertation the enculturated as to be invisible to them. At the thesis statement paper beginning of the book Grandin strategically distances herself from the chapter crude cruelty of the B.F. Skinner school of animal experimentation, in part because, as she rightly observes, it is ‘totally artificial. What animals do in labs is nothing like what they do in the wild so what are you actually learning when you do these experiments?

You’re learning how animals behave in labs” (p. 16). Actually, the whole world is becoming, and much of it already is, like one of self leads essay, those labs, and Grandin shows no evidence of seeing this. This laboratory is already being extended into outer space, and three dissertation, Grandin is complicit, not because she’s autistic but because she epitomizes normal societal schizophrenia our “love” for animals is compatible with subjecting them, anthropomorphically, to human-contrived dysfunction, degradation, family and social dismemberment, imprisonment, prurience and death, as long as it’s done “humanely.” If we ever become extinct, “the bad became normal” should be our epitaph.

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colgate sample essay Dasani’s Homeless Life data-summary=There are more than 22,000 homeless children in a city with the greatest concentration of wealth in America. data-pubdate=Published: December 9, 2013 S he wakes to the sound of breathing. Components Chapter Dissertation! The smaller children lie tangled beside her, their chests rising and falling under winter coats and wool blankets. A few feet away, their mother and father sleep near the mop bucket they use as a toilet. Essay! Two other children share a mattress by dissertation, the rotting wall where the mice live, opposite the baby, whose crib is warmed by a hair dryer perched on self awareness change essay a milk crate. Slipping out from her covers, the oldest girl sits at the window. On mornings like this, she can see all the dissertation way across Brooklyn to the Empire State Building, the first New York skyscraper to law commerce, reach 100 floors.

Her gaze always stops at that iconic temple of stone, its tip pointed celestially, its facade lit with promise. “It makes me feel like there’s something going on out there,” says the 11-year-old girl, never one for patience. This child of chapter three New York is always running before she walks. She likes being first the letter for work experience first to be born, the chapter dissertation first to go to school, the thesis statement in a paper first to make the honor roll. Even her name, Dasani, speaks of a certain reach. The bottled water had come to Brooklyn’s bodegas just before she was born, catching the fancy of chapter dissertation her mother, who could not afford such indulgences. It hinted at self awareness essay, a different, upwardly mobile clientele, a set of newcomers who over the next decade would transform the borough. Dasani’s own neighborhood, Fort Greene, is now one of gentrification’s gems. Her family lives in the Auburn Family Residence, a decrepit city-run shelter for the homeless.

It is a place where mold creeps up walls and roaches swarm, where feces and vomit plug communal toilets, where sexual predators have roamed and small children stand guard for dissertation, their single mothers outside filthy showers. It is essays on sex no place for children. Yet Dasani is components chapter dissertation among 280 children at the shelter. Constitutional Law Commerce Clause! Beyond its walls, she belongs to a vast and invisible tribe of more than 22,000 homeless children in New York, the highest number since the Great Depression, in components three, the most unequal metropolis in America. Nearly a quarter of multilinguism phd dissertation Dasani’s childhood has unfolded at Auburn, where she shares a 520-square-foot room with her parents and seven siblings. As they begin to stir on this frigid January day, Dasani sets about her chores. Her mornings begin with Baby Lele, whom she changes, dresses and feeds, checking that the formula distributed by the shelter is not, once again, expired.

She then wipes down the family’s small refrigerator, stuffed with lukewarm milk, Tropicana grape juice and containers of leftover Chinese. After tidying the dresser drawers she shares with a sister, Dasani rushes her younger siblings onto components three dissertation, the school bus. “I have a lot on my plate,” she says, taking inventory: The fork and spoon are her parents and the macaroni, her siblings except for Baby Lele, who is multilinguism a plump chicken breast. “So that’s a lot on my plate with some corn bread,” she says. “That’s a lot on components three my plate.” Dasani guards her feelings closely, dispensing with anger through humor. Beneath it all is a child whose existence is defined by her siblings. Her small scrub-worn hands are always tying shoelaces or doling out peanut butter sandwiches, taking the ends of the persuasive on sex loaf for herself. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! The bond is inescapable. In the presence of bad mother her brothers and sisters, Dasani has no peace.

Without them, she is incomplete. Today, Dasani rides the chapter three dissertation creaky elevator to the lobby and multilinguism walks past the components chapter three guards, the constitutional clause metal detector and the tall, iron fence that envelops what she calls “the jail.” She steps into the light, and is met by the worn brick facade of the components three Walt Whitman projects across the street. She heads east along Myrtle Avenue and, three blocks later, has crossed into another New York: the shaded, graceful abode of Fort Greene’s brownstones, which fetch millions of dollars. “Black is thesis statement in a paper beautiful, black is three dissertation me,” she sings under her breath as her mother trails behind. Dasani suddenly stops, puzzling at the pavement. Its condition, she notes, is clearly superior on this side of Myrtle.

“Worlds change real fast, don’t it?” her mother says. In the short span of Dasani’s life, her city has been reborn. The skyline soars with luxury towers, beacons of awareness a new gilded age. More than 200 miles of fresh bike lanes connect commuters to high-tech jobs, passing through upgraded parks and avant-garde projects like the High Line and Jane’s Carousel. Dissertation! Posh retail has spread from npr essay bad mother its Manhattan roots to the city’s other boroughs. These are the crown jewels of Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg’s long reign, which began just seven months after Dasani was born. In the shadows of this renewal, it is components chapter three Dasani’s population who have been left behind. The ranks of the poor have risen, with almost half of New Yorkers living near or below the poverty line.

Their traditional anchors affordable housing and jobs that pay a living wage have weakened as the city reorders itself around the whims of the wealthy. Long before Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio rose to power by denouncing the city’s inequality, children like Dasani were being pushed further into the margins, and not just in New York. Statement In A! Cities across the nation have become flash points of polarization, as one population has bounced back from the recession while another continues to struggle. One in five American children is now living in poverty, giving the United States the highest child poverty rate of any developed nation except for Romania. This bodes poorly for the future. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! Decades of research have shown the staggering societal costs of children in poverty. They grow up with less education and lower earning power. In A! They are more likely to three dissertation, have drug addiction, psychological trauma and disease, or wind up in prison. Dasani does not need the proof of abstract research. All of npr essay these plights run through her family. Her future is three dissertation further threatened by the fact of thesis in a her homelessness, which has been shown, even in short spells, to bring disastrous consequences.

Dasani’s circumstances are largely the components chapter outcome of parental dysfunction. While nearly one-third of New York’s homeless children are supported by a working adult, her mother and constitutional father are unemployed, have a history of arrests and are battling drug addiction. Yet Dasani’s trials are not solely of her parents’ making. They are also the result of decisions made a world away, in the marble confines of City Hall. With the economy growing in 2004, the Bloomberg administration adopted sweeping new policies intended to push the homeless to become more self-reliant.

They would no longer get priority access to public housing and other programs, but would receive short-term help with rent. Poor people would be empowered, the components mayor argued, and homelessness would decline. But the opposite persuasive essays happened. As rents steadily rose and low-income wages stagnated, chronically poor families like Dasani’s found themselves stuck in a shelter system with fewer exits. Families are now languishing there longer than ever a development that Mr. Chapter Three! Bloomberg explained by saying shelters offered “a much more pleasurable experience than they ever had before.” Just three days before the mayor made that comment at constitutional law commerce clause, a news conference in August 2012, an inspector at Auburn stopped by Dasani’s crowded room, noting that a mouse was “running around and components three dissertation going into constitutional law commerce, the walls,” which had “many holes.” “Please assist,” the chapter inspector added. “There is infant in room.” Dasani was about to start sixth grade at a promising new school.

This would be a pivotal year of her childhood one already marked by more longing and loss than most adults ever see. A tangle of three dramas had yet to unspool. There was the question of covering letter for work experience whether Dasani’s family would remain intact. Her mother had just been reunited with the children on chapter dissertation the condition that she and her husband stay off drugs. The city’s Administration for Children’s Services was watching closely. Any slips, and the siblings could wind up in constitutional law commerce clause essay, foster care, losing their parents and, most likely, one another.

The family’s need for components dissertation, a home was also growing desperate. The longer they stayed in that one room, the more they seemed to fall apart. Constitutional Essay! Yet rents were impossibly high in chapter, the city, and a quarter-million people were waiting for the rare vacancy in public housing. Families like Dasani’s had been leaving the state. This was the change essay year, then, that her parents made a promise: to save enough money to go somewhere else, maybe as far as the Pocono Mountains, in components chapter, Pennsylvania. Dasani could close her eyes and phd dissertation see it. “It’s quiet and it’s a lot of grass.”

In the absence of components chapter this long-awaited home, there was only self school. But it remained to dissertation, be seen whether Dasani’s new middle school, straining under budget cuts, could do enough to fill the multilinguism phd dissertation abstract voids of her life. For children like Dasani, school is components chapter three not just a place to cultivate a hungry mind. It is a refuge. The right school can provide routine, nourishment and the guiding hand of letter experience in a responsible adults. But school also had its perils. Components Chapter Three! Dasani was hitting the age when girls prove their worth through fighting.

And she was her mother’s daughter, a fearless fighter. She was also on the cusp of becoming something more, something she could feel but not yet see, if only the right things happened and the right people came along. D asani is a short, wiry girl whose proud posture overwhelms her 4-foot-8 frame. She has a delicate, oval face and luminous brown eyes that watch everything, owl-like. Her expression veers from wonder to mischief. Strangers often remark on her beauty her high cheekbones and smooth skin but the comments never seem to register.

What she knows is that she has been blessed with perfect teeth. In a family where braces are the stuff of fantasy, having good teeth is a lottery win. On the subway, Dasani can blend in with children who are better off. Multilinguism! It is an ironic fact of being poor in components chapter dissertation, a rich city that the donated garments Dasani and npr essay bad mother her siblings wear lend them the dissertation veneer of affluence, at least from a distance. Used purple Uggs and Patagonia fleeces cover thinning socks and fraying jeans. A Phil Teds rain cover, fished from a garbage bin, protects Baby Lele’s rickety stroller. Dasani tells herself that brand names don’t matter.

She knows such yearnings will go unanswered, so better not to have them. But once in a while, when by some miracle her mother produces a new pair of to meaningful Michael Jordan sneakers, Dasani finds herself succumbing to the same exercise: She wears them sparingly, and components chapter only indoors, hoping to keep them spotless. Constitutional Law Commerce Clause Essay! It never works. Best to try to blend in, she tells herself, while not caring when you don’t. She likes being small because “I can slip through things.” In the three dissertation blur of her city’s crowded streets, she is just another face. Persuasive Essays Education! What people do not see is a homeless girl whose mother succumbed to crack more than once, whose father went to chapter dissertation, prison for selling drugs, and self awareness leads to meaningful change whose cousins and components dissertation aunts have become the anonymous casualties of gang shootings, AIDS and domestic violence.

Dasani speaks with certainty. She often begins a sentence with “Mommy say” before reciting, verbatim, some new bit of thesis statement paper learned wisdom, such as “camomile tea cures a bad stomach” or “that lady is components chapter a dope fiend.” She likes facts. Letter For Work Experience In A! She rarely wavers, or hints at doubt, even as her life is consumed by it. When strangers are near, Dasani refers to Auburn as “that place.” It is separate from her, and dissertation distant. But in essays, the company of her siblings, she calls it “the house,” transforming a crowded room into an imaginary home. In reality, Auburn is chapter three dissertation neither. The forbidding, 10-story brick building, which dates back almost a century, was formerly Cumberland Hospital, one of seven public hospitals that closed because of the city’s 1970s fiscal crisis. In 1985, the to meaningful city repurposed the former hospital into a shelter for families. This was the dawn of the period known as “modern homelessness,” driven by wage stagnation, Reagan-era cutbacks and the rising cost of homes. By the time Mayor Bloomberg took office in 2002, New York’s homeless population had reached 31,063 a record for the city, which is components chapter legally obligated to provide shelter. Among the city’s 152 family shelters, Auburn became known as a place of last resort, a dreaded destination for the chronically homeless.

City and state inspectors have repeatedly cited the shelter for deplorable conditions, including sexual misconduct by staff members, spoiled food, asbestos exposure, lead paint and vermin. Auburn has no certificate of occupancy, as required by law, and covering for work experience in a lacks an operational plan that meets state regulations. Most of the shelter’s smoke detectors and chapter alarms have been found to be inoperable. There are few signs that children live at Auburn. Npr Essay Bad Mother! Locked gates prevent them from setting foot on the front lawn. In a city that has invested millions of dollars in new “green spaces,” Auburn’s is chapter dissertation often overrun with weeds. Inside, prepackaged meals are served in a cafeteria where Dasani and her siblings wait in one line for their food before heading to another line to education, heat it in chapter three, one of two microwaves that hundreds of residents share. Tempers fly and fights explode.

The routine can last more than an hour before the children take their first bite. The family’s room is the scene of debilitating chaos: stacks of dirty laundry, shoes stuffed under a mattress, bicycles and coats piled high. To the left of the door, beneath a decrepit sink where Baby Lele is bathed, the phd dissertation abstract wall has rotted through, leaving a long, dark gap where mice congregate. A few feet away, Dasani’s legally blind, 10-year-old sister, Nijai, sleeps on a mattress that has come apart at the seams, its rusted coils splayed. Hand-washed clothes line the guards on the windows, which are shaded by gray wool blankets strung from the components three dissertation ceiling.

A sticky fly catcher dangles overhead, dotted with dead insects. There is no desk or chair in the room just a maze of mattresses and dressers. A flat-screen television rests on two orange milk crates. To eat, the children sit on the cracked linoleum floor, which never feels clean no matter how much they mop. Homework is a challenge. The shelter’s one recreation room can hardly accommodate Auburn’s hundreds of children, leaving Dasani and her siblings to study, hunched over, on their mattresses. Sometimes it feels like too many bodies sharing the same air. “There’s no space to clause essay, breathe ’cause they breathe up all the oxygen,” Dasani says. She carves out small, sacred spaces: a portion of the components three dissertation floor at mealtime, an upturned crate by the window, a bathroom stall. The children spend hours at letter experience in a law firm, the playgrounds of the surrounding housing projects, where a subtle hierarchy is at work.

If they are seen enough times emerging from Auburn, they are pegged as the neighborhood’s outliers, the so-called shelter boogies. Nothing gnaws at Dasani more. A mucus-stained nose suggests a certain degradation, not just the three absence of tissues, but of a parent willing to wipe or a home so unclean that a runny nose makes no difference. Dasani and her siblings can get hungry enough to lose their concentration in school, but they are forever wiping one another’s noses. When Dasani hears “shelter boogies,” all she can think to say is what her mother always tells her that Auburn is “just a pit stop.” “But you will live in constitutional clause essay, the projects forever, as will your kids’ kids, and your kids’ kids’ kids.” She knows the battle is asymmetrical. The projects may represent all kinds of inertia. But to live at Auburn is to admit the ultimate failure: the inability of one’s parents to chapter dissertation, meet that most basic need. D asani ticks through their faces, the bad mother girls from the projects who might turn up at this new school. Some are kind enough not to gossip about where she lives. Chapter Dissertation! #9632; The others might be distracted by the sheer noise of this first day the persuasive essays start of sixth grade, the new uniform, the dissertation new faces.

She will hopefully slip by those girls unseen. She approaches the persuasive education school’s steps on a clear September morning. Fresh braids fall to one side of components chapter three dissertation her face, clipped by bright yellow bows. Her required polo and khakis have been pressed with a hair straightener, since Auburn forbids irons. Her heart is pounding. She will be sure to take a circuitous route home. She will focus in class and mind her manners in letter experience in a law firm, the schoolyard. She only has to climb those steps. “Come on, there’s nothing to be scared about,” her 34-year-old mother, Chanel, finally says, nudging Dasani up the stairs.

She passes through the components chapter dissertation metal detector, joining 507 other middle and high school students at the Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. Housed in a faded brick building two blocks from Auburn, McKinney is a poor-kids’ version of LaGuardia Arts, the elite Manhattan public school that inspired the television series “Fame.” Threadbare curtains adorn its theater. Stage props are salvaged from a nearby trash bin. Dance class is so crowded that students practice in intervals. An air of covering letter for work experience in a law firm possibility permeates the school, named after the chapter three dissertation first African-American woman to multilinguism abstract, become a physician in components chapter dissertation, New York State. There is Officer Jamion Andrews, the security guard who moonlights as a rap lyricist, and Zakiya Harris, the npr essay bad mother dance teacher who runs a studio on the side. And there is Faith Hester, the comedic, eyelash-batting humanities teacher who wrote a self-help book titled “Create a Life You Love Living” and fancies her own reality show. The children also strive.

Among them is a voice that periodically lifts the school with a “Madama Butterfly” aria. When the students hear it, they know that Jasmine, a sublimely gifted junior, is singing in the office of the principal, Paula Holmes. The school matriarch closes her eyes as she listens. It may be her only tranquil moment. Miss Holmes is a towering woman, by turns steely and components chapter soft. She wears a Bluetooth like a permanent earring and tends toward power suits.

She has been at McKinney’s helm for multilinguism phd dissertation abstract, 15 years and runs the school like a naval ship, peering down its gleaming hallways as if searching the seas for enemy vessels. Students stammer in her presence. She leaves her office door permanently open, like a giant, unblinking eye. A poster across the hall depicts a black man in sagging jeans standing before the White House, opposite components President Obama. “To live in this crib,” the poster reads, “you have to look the part.” Miss Holmes has no tolerance for sagging sartorial, attitudinal or otherwise. McKinney’s roots run deep.

Dasani’s own grandmother studied there as a girl. For Work Law Firm! Most of the components middle school students are black, live in the surrounding projects and qualify for phd dissertation, free or reduced meals. They eat in shifts in the school’s basement cafeteria, watched over by components chapter dissertation, the avuncular Frank Heyward, who blasts oldies from a boombox, telling students, “I got shoes older than you.” For all of McKinney’s pluck, its burdens are great. In the last six years, the city has cut the school’s budget by abstract, a quarter as its population declined. Fewer teachers share a greater load. After-school resources have thinned, but not the needs of students whose families are torn apart by gun violence and drug use. McKinney’s staff psychologist shuttles between three schools like a firefighter.

And now, a charter school is angling to move in. Chapter Three! If successful, it will eventually claim McKinney’s treasured top floor, home to its theater class, dance studio and art lab. Teachers and awareness leads to meaningful parents are bracing for three dissertation, battle, announced by fliers warning against the “apartheid” effects of npr essay a charter co-location. Dasani knows about charter schools. Her former school, P.S. Components Three Dissertation! 67, shared space with one. Persuasive! She never spoke to those children, whose classrooms were stocked with new computers.

Dasani’s own school was failing by the time she left. At McKinney, Dasani quickly draws the notice of the older students, and not because she is short, though the nickname “Shorty” sticks. It is her electricity. Components Chapter! When they dote on her, she giggles. But say the multilinguism wrong thing and she turns fierce, letting the chapter dissertation four-letter words fly. It is constitutional law commerce clause still September when Dasani’s temper lands her in the principal’s office. “Please don’t call my mother,” Dasani whispers. Miss Holmes is seated in a rolling pleather chair held together by duct tape. Components Three Dissertation! She stares at the anguished girl. She has been at McKinney long enough to know when a child’s transgressions at school might bring a beating at home. The principal slowly scoots her chair up to Dasani and leans within inches of abstract her face.

From that day forward, Dasani will be on her best behavior. In turn, Miss Holmes will keep what happens at school in school. With that, she waves Dasani off, fighting the urge to smile. Dissertation! She can’t help but like this feisty little girl. D asani closes her eyes and tilts her head toward the ceiling of her classroom. She has missed breakfast again. Letter Experience! #9632; She tries to drift. She sees Florida. For a child who has never been to the beach, television ads are transporting. Three! She is constitutional law commerce clause essay walking in three dissertation, the sand. Thesis In A! She crashes into the waves.

“Dasaaaaaani!” her teacher sings out. She opens her eyes. There is Miss Hester, batting those lashes. Both she and another teacher, Kenya Mabry, were raised in the projects. They dress and talk with a polish that impresses Dasani, who studies them. Miss Hester is also watching Dasani. She does not yet know where Dasani lives, or how hungry she gets. But Miss Hester finds two things striking: how late she arrives some mornings and how capable this girl is in spite of components three it. Without even trying, she keeps up. Dasani possesses what adults at McKinney consider an intuitive approach to learning, the npr essay kind that comes when rare smarts combine with extreme life circumstances. Components Three! Her intelligence is “uncanny” and “far surpasses peers her age,” one counselor writes. “Student is continuously using critical analysis to thesis statement, reflect upon situations and interactions.”

Principal Holmes is also taking note. She can already see in this “precocious little button” the kind of girl who could be anything even a Supreme Court justice if only she harnesses her gifts early enough. Components Chapter Dissertation! “Dasani has something that hasn’t even been unleashed yet,” Miss Holmes says. “It’s still being cultivated.” For now, Dasani’s most honed skill might be obfuscation. She works hard to hide her struggles, staying quiet as other children brag about their new cellphones or sleepovers with friends. If there is one place she feels free, it is dance class.

When she walks into McKinney’s studio, and the music starts, her body releases whatever she is feeling. “When I’m happy I dance fast,” she says. “When I’m sad I dance slow. When I’m upset I dance both.” Dasani has been dancing for as long as she can remember, well before she earned her first dollar a few years ago break-dancing in Times Square. But the study of dance, as something practiced rather than spontaneous, this is new. She is thesis in a paper learning to components chapter, point her toes like a ballerina, and to fall back into a graceful bridge. Perhaps it is no accident that amid the bedlam of statement paper Dasani’s home life the missed welfare appointments and three dissertation piles of unwashed clothes she is drawn to a craft of discipline. Here, in this room, time is multilinguism phd dissertation abstract kept and three routines are mapped with precision and focus.

Dasani never tires of rehearsing the same moves, or scrutinizing more experienced dancers. Her gaze is often fixed on multilinguism abstract a tall, limber eighth grader named Sahai. Sahai is the middle school’s valedictorian. A breathtaking dancer, she has long silky hair and carries herself like a newly crowned queen. She is chapter three dissertation a girl with enough means to self to meaningful change essay, accessorize elegantly. Three Dissertation! When Dasani looks at Sahai, she is taking the measure of all she is not.

You can be popular in one of three ways, Dasani’s mother always says. Dress fly. Do good in school. Fight. The first option is out of the question. While Dasani clings to her uniform, other students wear coveted Adidas hoodies and Doc Marten boots. In dance class, Dasani does not even have a leotard. So she applies herself in law commerce essay, school. “I have a lot of possibility,” she says. “I do.”

Her strongest subject is English, where a poem she writes is tacked to a teacher’s wall. By October, she is on the honor roll, just as her life at Auburn is coming apart. I t is something of an art to components three dissertation, sleep among nine other people. One learns not to phd dissertation, hear certain sounds or smell certain smells. Three Dissertation! #9632; But some things still intrude on Dasani’s sleep. Bad Mother! There is the ceaseless drip of components three that decaying sink, and the scratching of hungry mice. It makes no difference when the family lays out law commerce clause, traps and components three hangs its food from the ceiling in covering, a plastic bag. Components! Auburn’s mice always return, as stubborn as the “ghetto squirrels,” in Chanel’s lingo, that forage the trash for Chinese fried chicken. Dasani shares a twin mattress and three dresser drawers with her mischievous and portly sister, Avianna, only one year her junior. Their 35-year-old stepfather, Supreme, has raised them as his own. They consider him their father and call him Daddy. Supreme married Chanel nine years earlier, bringing two children from a previous marriage.

The boy, Khaliq, had trouble speaking. He had been trapped with his dead, pregnant mother after she fell down a flight of stairs. The girl, Nijai, had a rare genetic eye disease and was going blind. Constitutional Law Commerce! They were the same tender ages as Dasani and Avianna, forming a homeless Brady Bunch as Supreme and Chanel had four more children. Two of Dasani’s half-sisters, 7-year-old Maya and 6-year-old Hada, share the mattress to her right. The 5-year-old they call Papa sleeps by himself because he wets the bed. Components Three! In the crib is Baby Lele, who is constitutional tended to by Dasani when her parents are listless from their daily dose of three methadone.

Chanel and Supreme take the npr essay bad mother synthetic opioid as part of their drug treament program. It has essentially become a substitute addiction. The more time they spend in this room, the smaller it feels. Nothing stays in order. Everything is exposed marital spats, frayed underwear, the onset of puberty, the mischief other children hide behind closed doors. Components Three! Supreme paces erratically.

Chanel cannot check her temper. For Dasani and awareness her siblings, to act like rambunctious children is to risk a beating. By late fall, Chanel and Supreme are fighting daily about money. It has been years since Supreme lost his job as a barber and Chanel stopped working as a janitor for the parks department. He cuts hair inside the shelter and sells pirated DVDs on the street while she hawks odds and ends from discount stores.

In a good month, their combined efforts can bring in a few hundred dollars. This is not one of those times. Supreme is keeping tight control of the family’s welfare income $1,285 in food stamps and $1,122 in chapter three dissertation, survivor benefits for on sex, his first wife’s death. He refuses to chapter three dissertation, give Chanel cash for laundry. Soon, all of self leads to meaningful Dasani’s uniforms are stained. At school, she is now wearing donated clothes and her hair is unkempt, inviting the components three dreaded designation of “nappy.” Rumors are circulating about where she lives. Abstract! Only six of the components chapter three dissertation middle school’s 157 students reside in shelters. When the constitutional essay truth about Dasani emerges, she does nothing to contradict it. She is a proud girl.

She must find a way to turn the truth, like other unforeseeable calamities, in her favor. She begins calling herself “ghetto.” She dares the components three dissertation girls to fight her and bad mother challenges the boys to arm-wrestle, flexing the biceps she has built doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park. The boys watch slack-jawed as Dasani demonstrates the push-ups she has also mastered, earning her the components chapter dissertation nickname “muscle girl.” Her teachers are flummoxed. Leads Change Essay! They assume that she has shed her uniform because she is trying to act tough. In fact, the reverse is true. A chilly, November wind whips across Auburn Place, rustling the plastic cover of a soiled mattress in a trash bin outside the shelter. #9632; Chanel and Supreme stand nearby, waiting for their children to come from school. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! They are still short on cash.

The children had pitched in $5.05, from collecting cans and bottles over the weekend. Chanel inspects the mattress. Clean, it might fetch $10. But it is stained with feces. Janitors wearing masks and gloves had removed it from a squalid room where three small children lived, defecating on the floor. Their mother rarely bathed them, and they had no shoes on the day she gathered them in a hurry and left. “You can smell it?” Chanel asks Supreme. “No, I can see it,” he says, curling his lip. “Those are the paper people that they need to be calling A.C.S. on,” Chanel says. At the shelter, the three dissertation abbreviation for the Administration for Children’s Services is persuasive essays on sex education uttered with the same kind of three alarm that the C.I.A. can stoke overseas. “Nasty girl,” Chanel says, scrunching her nose.

Everyone knows Chanel. Change! She weighs 215 pounds and her face is a constellation of freckles lit by a gaptoothed smile. She wraps her copper-hued hair in a tubular scarf. The street is her domain. When she walks, people often step to the side not in deference to three dissertation, her ample frame so much as her magisterial air.

Chanel is in everyone’s business, scoping out clause, snitches, offering homeopathic remedies, tattling on a girl’s first kiss. A five-minute walk through Fulton Mall can take Chanel hours for all the greetings, gossip, recriminations and nostalgia. She has a remarkable nose for components, people, sniffing out phoniness in statement in a paper, seconds. Those who smile too much are wearing “a frown turned upside down.” She is components three often spoiling for a fight, or leaving people in self awareness leads change, the stitches of laughter. While others want the life of the music mogul Jay-Z, Chanel would settle for components chapter three dissertation, being his pet. “Just let me be the dog. I don’t care where you put me.” When Chanel laughs, she tilts her head back and unleashes a thunderous cackle. Dasani can detect her mother’s laugh from blocks away. Today, she returns from letter in a school lugging a plastic bag of clothes donated by a security guard at McKinney. Dasani begins rummaging through the bag.

She pulls out a white Nautica ski jacket and three dissertation holds it up to her shoulders. It is letter for work law firm too wide, but she likes it. Components Dissertation! “It’s dirty,” she says forgivingly. “Look, Mommy!” she says, modeling her new coat. “That fits you real nice,” Chanel coos. Suddenly, Supreme leaps into the air. Constitutional Clause Essay! His monthly benefits have arrived, announced by a recording on components three dissertation his prepaid welfare phone. He sets off to reclaim his gold teeth from the pawnshop and buy new boots for the children at Cookie’s, a favored discount store in Fulton Mall. The money will be gone by week’s end. Supreme and Chanel have been scolded about their lack of financial discipline in countless meetings with the city agencies that monitor the npr essay family. But when that monthly check arrives, Supreme and Chanel do not think about abstractions like “responsibility” and “self-reliance.” They lose themselves in the delirium that a round of ice creams brings.

They feel the sudden, exquisite release born of wearing those gold fronts again of appearing like a person who has rather than a person who lacks. The next day, Dasani goes to school wearing her new Cookie’s boots. Components Chapter! Feeling amped, she gets into a verbal spat with some boys in gym class and must spend her lunch hour in the principal’s office. Miss Holmes glowers at letter experience, Dasani, who tries to leaven the components three dissertation mood by bragging about her place on the honor roll. The principal is unmoved. Letter For Work! Dasani still has a B average. “I want the highest end of the honor roll,” Miss Holmes says. “I want more. You have to want more, too.” Dasani stares at her tray. The discussion returns to her behavior in gym class. “While we care for you, we’re not going to components, take any crap,” Miss Holmes says. On Sex Education! “You understand?”

Trying not to cry, Dasani examines her food a slice of cheese pizza, chocolate milk, a red apple. She wrinkles her nose. Miss Holmes has seen it before, the child too proud to show hunger. “Can you hurry up?” Miss Holmes says. “The drama with the pizza is not working for me.” “I’ll feed you,” Miss Holmes says. Components Chapter Three! “I will feed you. You don’t think I’ll feed you? Bring the tray.” Dasani slowly lifts the pizza slice to her mouth, cracking a smile.

Miss Holmes has seen plenty of distressed children, but few have both the depth of Dasani’s troubles and the height of persuasive on sex her promise. There is not much Miss Holmes can do about life outside school. She knows this is a child who needs a sponsor, who “needs to see ‘The Nutcracker,’” who needs her own computer. There are many such children. Here at school, Miss Holmes must work with what she has. “Apples are very good for three, you,” she says, smiling. “Bananas are, too.” When Dasani is finished, she brings her empty tray to the principal for inspection.

Miss Holmes gestures at persuasive essays education, Dasani’s milk-stained mouth. T he tree is covered in Christmas lights that mask the lack of ornaments. #9632; The children gather around it inside a dilapidated, two-story rowhouse in three dissertation, East New York, Brooklyn the closest thing they have to a home. It belongs to Chanel’s ailing godmother, Sherry, whom the children call Grandma. Sherry’s day care center once occupied the first floor, where fading decals of Bambi now share space with empty liquor bottles. Chanel’s two unemployed brothers, 22-year-old Josh and 39-year-old Lamont, stay in the dark, musty basement. When the children visit, they spend most of their time upstairs, sleeping on covering law firm a drafty wooden floor beneath a Roman-numeral clock that is permanently stopped at 2:47. Sherry’s electricity has been cut, but the tree remains lit and chapter three the heat stays on, via a cable illicitly connected to a neighbor’s power supply. Christmas gifts are scarce: coloring books, a train set, stick-on tattoos, one doll for each girl. A few nights later, the children are roused by shouts and a loud crash. Uncle Josh has punched his hand through a window and is threatening to kill Uncle Lamont. Josh lunges at his brother with a knife.

The men tumble to the floor as Chanel throws herself between them. Npr Essay Bad Mother! Upstairs, the children cower and scream. Dasani calls out orders: “Nobody move! Let the adults handle it!” Sirens rattle the components chapter three block. Josh is taken away in handcuffs as an ambulance races Lamont to constitutional, the hospital with a battered eye. They had been fighting over a teenage girl. January brings relief, but not because of the new year.

It is the start of tax season, when Dasani’s parents and everyone they seem to know rush to components chapter, file for the earned-income tax credit, a kind of bonanza for the poor. Their tax refunds can bring several thousand dollars, which could be enough to put down a rent deposit and leave the shelter. On Jan. 7, the family heads to letter for work, Manhattan for a rare outing. They take the components three Q train, which barrels high across the East River. The city’s lights shimmer, making Chanel think of opportunity. They will start looking for a home soon, she says.

“I wanna go somewhere where it’s quiet,” Dasani says. “I wanna go somewhere where there’s trees,” Chanel says. Thesis In A! “I just wanna see a bunch of trees and grass.” “Daddy say that he gonna buy this house with a lot of land with grass,” Dasani says, “so that each of us would get a part, so that you can do whatever you want with that part of the land.” Supreme sits far-off, listening to music on his phone. Baby Lele wails. Suddenly, Chanel spots Chinatown. Chapter Three Dissertation! The children squeal.

Dasani mentions a book she read about the Great Wall of China. “That’s not this town,” Chanel says. “It’s a big wall though,” Dasani says. “That’s the real Chinatown,” Chanel says. “This is the New York Chinatown, where they got Chinese people in Popeyes.” Dasani presses her forehead against the window and cups her hands around her eyes, as if preserving the view for herself. O pportunity comes rarely, but Dasani is always waiting. Thesis Statement In A Paper! She wakes early on Jan. 18, hours in advance of a track competition known for rescuing girls from the chapter dissertation ghetto. #9632; She has no running shoes, just a pair of imitation Converses.

She is unknown in essay, the rarefied world of athletic recruiters and private coaches. But ask anyone in dissertation, her small corner of Brooklyn, from the crossing guards to letter in a law firm, the drunks, and they will say two things about components dissertation this tiny girl with the bad mother wayward braids: She is components three strong like a boy and multilinguism phd dissertation abstract can run like the wind. Dasani heads out in the icy cold with her mother and two of her sisters. Components! They walk a mile before arriving at the manicured grounds of the essays education Pratt Institute in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Clinton Hill, which is hosting the Colgate Women’s Games. The amateur track and field series is a magnet for components three, athletic recruiters, and some of its champions have gone as far as the Olympics. Dasani will compete in the 200-meter dash. She heads to the bathroom to change. “She got shorts to put on?” one of the organizers asks. Dasani reaches for her leggings. “Those are the sneakers?” the woman frowns.

Wearing no socks, Dasani ties her rainbow laces and persuasive essays walks to three dissertation, the track. When her number is called, she takes her place among four other girls. The blank fires and she is off, ahead of the pack. Win, Dasani tells herself. Win. At the first bend, she trips and falls behind. By the law commerce second turn, Dasani has caught up with the lead runner. They are in a dead heat for the finish line.

Dasani comes in second. It hardly matters that her time is components three insufficient to make it past the preliminaries. They leave the stadium feeling euphoric. “My baby’s going to the Olympics,” Chanel crows. Self Leads To Meaningful Change! As they walk west along Willoughby Avenue, they talk of chapter three finding a trainer. Constitutional Essay! Chanel starts singing her favorite Luther Vandross song, “A House Is Not a Home.” The girls have heard it enough times to sing along. A chair is still a chair. Even when there’s no one sittin’ there. But a chair is not a house. And a house is not a home.

When there’s no one there. to hold you tight. They turn north on Carlton Avenue, passing a renovated brick townhouse with sleek, metal window frames. A skinny brunette is unloading her station wagon. At the chapter three sight of thesis in a Dasani’s family, she freezes. Components Chapter Three! She smiles nervously and moves slowly to persuasive essays on sex education, her car, grabbing an infant from the car seat. The mood shifts. “She thinks we gonna jump her,” Chanel says as she keeps walking. The shelter is only three blocks away.

“Why do they feel like they’re so apart? She’s just two steps away from us. If you got jumped out three dissertation, here, a black man would be the first to save your ass. That’s what I feel like telling her.” When they reach Myrtle Avenue, Chanel goes searching for a beer at her favorite corner store. Dasani trails her. Inside, the short-order cook, a Mexican girl, stares at Chanel suspiciously. “You so nice, that’s why I see you,” the girl responds cockily.

“You better watch that grill,” Chanel says. “I don’t want to scare you.” “You think you scare me?” the girl yells. “Let’s fight right now!” Chanel shouts. “Wait for multilinguism phd dissertation abstract, me outside!” the girl calls back. Chanel moves toward her, reaching for a mop. The owner, Salim, races toward Chanel. “I’ll crack her with a stick!” Chanel yells as Salim holds her back. Dasani is frozen. “I’ma wait for your ass when you come out,” Chanel says. “What time she get off?” “You run your mouth,” Salim says, gently leading Chanel away, as he has done before. As they leave, Dasani turns to the cook.

“She gonna knock you stupid, Chinese lady,” Dasani says. “Don’t use those words,” Salim cries out. Components Chapter! “You’re not supposed to awareness to meaningful essay, turn out like your mother.” The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. Andrea Elliott Talks to components, Chanel About Interviewing.

G racie Mansion is something of an oddity. In a city with a 2 percent vacancy rate and a shortage of public housing, the mayoral residence sits uninhabited on 11 pristine acres of the Upper East Side. Multilinguism! #9632; It has been more than a decade since Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg chose to chapter, remain in his opulent townhouse, consigning Gracie Mansion to the status of a museum and venue for civic events. Dasani knows none of these particulars when she steps through Gracie’s doors on a school trip in February. She is looking for the mayor. She wants to see him up close, this mysterious “Wizard of Oz” figure who makes decisions about her life from behind a curtain of political power.

It never occurs to Dasani that the mayor does not live there. Who could have a mansion and law commerce clause essay not live in it? “Look at components chapter three dissertation, that fireplace!” she marvels as her classmates step into the parlor where Mr. Bloomberg has given news conferences. The tour guide, a woman wearing gold-clasp earrings and tangerine lipstick, moves the children along, reminding them not to touch. They shuffle into the library. Still no mayor. Dasani scans for clues like the F.B.I. agents of her favorite television show, “Criminal Minds.” She inspects a telephone. “His last call was at 11:15,” she whispers.

The tour guide opens French doors onto the veranda where New York’s mayors have entertained dignitaries from around the world. “It’s a very gracious way of living,” she says. “Very elegant.” What impresses Dasani most are not the architectural details or the gold-bound volumes of Chaucer and Tolstoy, but the astonishing lack of dust. She runs her hand lightly over the top of a Steinway piano. “I tell you,” she says. “This house is clean.” Dasani was still an infant when Mr. Self Change Essay! Bloomberg took office in 2002. Declaring Gracie Mansion “the people’s house,” he gathered $7 million in private donations much of components three dissertation it his own money to thesis, rehabilitate the pale yellow 18th-century home, which overlooks the chapter three East River. In came new plumbing, floors, lighting and multilinguism abstract ventilation, along with exquisite touches like an 1820s chandelier and a four-poster mahogany bed. Facing that same river, six miles away on the opposite side, is the Auburn Family Residence, the squalid city-run homeless shelter where Dasani has lived for more than two years. She shares a crowded, mouse-infested room with her parents and components chapter seven siblings, who sleep doubled up on letter for work in a law firm torn mattresses.

Dasani spends her days in components chapter three, the care of another city institution: her public school in Fort Greene, Brooklyn. The Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts has suffered its own troubles under the Bloomberg administration: a shrinking budget and fewer teachers. Dasani shuttles between Auburn and McKinney, just two blocks apart. They form the core of her life and the bedrock of her future, one that is in npr essay bad mother, peril. Adults who are homeless often speak of feeling “stuck.” For children, the experience is more like a free-fall. With each passing month, they slip further back in every category known to components chapter dissertation, predict long-term well-being. They are less likely to graduate from the schools that anchor them, and more likely to end up like their parents, their lives circumscribed by teenage pregnancy or shortened by crime and illness. In the absence of a steady home or a reliable parent, public institutions have an npr essay bad mother, outsize influence on the destiny of children like Dasani. Whether she can transcend her circumstances rests greatly on the role, however big or small, that society opts to play in her life. The question of public responsibility has gained urgency in recent decades.

By the time Mr. Bloomberg was elected, children made up 40 percent of shelter residents. “We’re not walking away from taking care of the homeless,” the mayor said early on. Chapter Three! “I have a responsibility, the city has a responsibility, to in a, make sure that the facilities we provide are up to some standards.” The Bloomberg administration set out to components chapter dissertation, revamp the shelter system, creating 7,500 units of multilinguism temporary housing, a database to components, track the shelter population and letter for work law firm a program intended to prevent homelessness with counseling, job training and short-term financial aid. The new system also made it harder for families to be found eligible for shelter. For a time, the numbers went down. But in three dissertation, the wake of profound policy changes and a spiraling economy, more children wound up in shelters than at any time since the creation of the shelter system in the early 1980s.

While the Bloomberg administration spent $5 billion on shelter services, the conditions at essays on sex, Auburn remained grim. Dasani and her siblings have grown numb to life at the shelter, where knife fights break out and crack pipes are left on the bathroom floor. In the words of their mother, they have “become the place.” She has a verb for it: shelternized. For Dasani, school is three everything the provider of meals, on-the-spot nursing care, security and substitute parenting. Essays! On the Gracie trip, Dasani wears the Nautica coat donated by a school security guard and matching white gloves bestowed to chapter dissertation, her that morning by persuasive essays, the principal. A school like McKinney can also provide a bridge to the wider world.

It does not matter that Dasani’s entire sixth grade must walk a mile to the subway in components, icy winds, take two trains, then walk another 10 minutes before arriving. Constitutional Law Commerce Clause! This round-trip journey, which occupies much of the day, is a welcome escape. As Dasani leaves Gracie that afternoon, she refastens her neon-pink snow hat. She has given up on the mayor. “He lives somewhere else,” she says, waving an components three dissertation, arm along East End Avenue before heading back to statement in a paper, the subway. T here is components chapter no sign announcing the awareness leads to meaningful essay shelter at 39 Auburn Place, which rises over the neighboring Walt Whitman Houses like an accidental fortress. Its stately, neo-Georgian exterior hints at the shelter’s former life as a city hospital. Two sweeping sycamores shade the components three dissertation entrance, where smokers linger under brick arches, flicking cigarette ashes onto an empty, untended lawn. A concrete walkway leads to the heavily guarded front door, where residents pass through a metal detector and their bags are searched for forbidden objects like canned food, hair dryers and irons. Visitors are restricted to the bleak lobby.

Upstairs, cries and laughter echo along the dim corridors that Dasani’s legally blind sister, Nijai, has learned to feel her way around. The shelter is ill equipped to handle the needs of its numerous disabled residents, among them premature infants and severely autistic children. Yet the manual given to incoming families boasts a “full complement of professional and support personnel” who are “available to for work in a law firm, assist you 24 hours a day, seven days per week.” The booklet guarantees residents “protection from harm” and “the right to live in a secure, safe facility.” A starkly different Auburn the one to which Dasani is dissertation witness emerges from stacks of handwritten complaints, calls to 911, internal staff reports and dozens of inspections over the last decade. It is less a haven than a purgatory. There is the 12-year-old boy who writes, on Oct. 29, 2012, that a female resident touched “my private area and I didn’t like it.” His mother also files a complaint, saying the woman was showing pornography to children. The police are never notified. Nor do they hear about a 15-year-old girl who says she was sexually assaulted by a security guard one year earlier. The complaint, written by to meaningful change essay, her mother in Spanish, never appears to have been translated. Chapter Three! The pleas of a 12-year-old girl that same month also go unreported to the police.

She writes of a man who exposes his genitals in a girls’ bathroom, making her too afraid to go back without a parent: “I am still scared that someone will come in.” It stands to reason that the persuasive education complaints of children would be ignored, given how often the warnings of inspectors go nowhere. Over the components three dissertation last decade, city and state inspectors have cited Auburn for on sex education, more than 400 violations many of them repeated including for inadequate child care, faulty fire protection, insufficient heat, spoiled food, broken elevators, nonfunctioning bathrooms and chapter three the presence of mice, roaches, mold, bedbugs, lead and asbestos. Dasani can pick out the inspectors by their clipboards and thesis statement in a paper focused expressions. They work for components chapter dissertation, the State Office of constitutional law commerce essay Temporary and Disability Assistance, which supervises homeless housing around the state. Chapter Three! Given that Auburn is partly funded by the state, these inspectors should presumably hold sway. Year after year, their reports read like a series of unheeded alarms. Covering Experience In A! Responses by chapter dissertation, the city’s Department of Homeless Services attribute Auburn’s violations to essays on sex, a lack of money. Chapter Three Dissertation! To the multilinguism state’s complaint, in 2003, that only one staff member is tending to 177 school-age children in components three, the shelter’s recreation room, the agency responds: “We lack resources for teenagers!” Auburn’s children have yet to assume their parents’ air of defeat. The children’s complaints recount their fear or discomfort as reason enough for self change essay, action.

The adults write as if no one is listening. Many sound like the parent in April 2012 who has spotted a dead mouse in the cafeteria and asks a janitor to remove it. The next day, the mouse is still there. “A child could have touched it,” the parent recounts telling the janitor, to which the janitor laughs and responds, “Well then you should have cleaned it up.” There is components dissertation no place on constitutional the inspection forms for the most common complaint: the disrespect accorded to residents by the shelter staff. Were there such a box to check, it could never capture how these encounters reverberate for days, reinforcing the rock-bottom failure that Auburn represents. Even egregious incidents are sometimes mentioned in passing.

One mother summarizes her grievance, at the top of the form, as “All of my belongs went in garbbage.” In explaining how her possessions were discarded, she mentions, tangentially, that her caseworker had “groped” her. She ends the complaint on a conciliatory note: “Peace.” The signature at chapter three dissertation, the bottom belongs to Dasani’s mother, Chanel. Thesis Paper! After she filed the complaint in September 2011, the worker was taken off her case, but kept his job and recently got a raise. Chanel never told Dasani, for chapter, fear of passing on the shame she feels whenever she sees the man. Like most children, Dasani absorbs more than her mother would like. She can see how the shelter shrinks Chanel’s self-regard. Dasani is there when the persuasive on sex guards rip through her mother’s carefully folded laundry in the name of “inspection,” or when a caseworker dresses her down like a cheeky adolescent. “Sometimes it feels like, ‘Why you guys messin’ with my mom?’” Chanel is not the first woman to encounter sexual advances by components, an Auburn employee. Npr Essay! Another resident complains that a security guard is “having sex with clients in the restrooms and in his black Dodge Charger.” A 2012 letter by state inspectors to the Department of chapter Homeless Services mentions a security supervisor and multilinguism guards having “improper sexual contact” with a resident. This environment is especially punishing considering that some of Auburn’s women have fled violent men.

After a caseworker touched his 46-year-old client on the breast in February 2012, another male employee smiled at her the next day and asked “if I was being good,” she wrote in a complaint, adding, “I walk around every day feeling violated.” Auburn initially suspended the chapter three caseworker, Kenneth Durieux, for 30 days. But he kept his job for nearly a year, even after the police charged him with sexual abuse. He was dismissed last January, before pleading guilty to forcible touching. Just this year, there have been some 350 calls to 911 from the shelter including 24 reported assaults, four calls about phd dissertation abstract possible child abuse and one reporting a rape. City officials declined to comment on the reports of sexual abuse. Components Chapter! They attribute other lapses to the building’s aging infrastructure, saying plans are in multilinguism abstract, the works for an upgraded fire safety system, bathrooms and enhanced security. Since Mr. Three Dissertation! Bloomberg took office, the city has spent nearly $10 million on repairs and renovations at Auburn.

In the past decade, Auburn’s directors have fared well, receiving raises even as the shelter’s problems persisted. One former director, Susan Nayowith, was promoted to self awareness leads change essay, head of client advocacy at the Department of Homeless Services. These kinds of facts are lost on the shelter’s children, who see only what is before them like the Swedish meatballs that come frozen in prepackaged trays or the components chapter dissertation Cheerios served one night for dinner. And then there are the elevators, which frequently break down. Multilinguism Phd Dissertation Abstract! Even when they are working, children cannot ride them unless accompanied by an adult. A month before the components three dissertation trip to Gracie Mansion, when Dasani’s sister Avianna walks into the shelter gasping from an asthma attack, a guard refuses to take her up in the elevator.

Dasani lifts her wheezing sister, twice her girth, and carries her up four flights of self leads stairs to their room. Six months later, it will be Dasani who falls gravely ill when the elevators are broken. She rocks and vomits bile one evening, trying to components chapter dissertation, distract herself by watching television. At 3:02 a.m., Chanel calls 911. She helps Dasani down four sets of stairs before she collapses on a row of chairs in the lobby. Covering Letter Law Firm! There is components chapter three no ambulance, so Chanel calls again. One of the essay guards gets nervous, making a third call to report that the chapter three child “is in covering letter for work in a, severe abdominal pain.” Two more calls are placed. At 4:02 a.m., a full hour later, an ambulance finally arrives to take Dasani to Brooklyn Hospital Center, where her doctor asks what she last ate. Her answer: a shelter dinner of spinach lasagna. In the years that Dasani has lived in three dissertation, Room 449, city and state inspectors have cited at least 13 violations there, including the presence of roaches, mice and a lead paint hazard. Yet when Auburn’s staff members conduct their own inspections of 449, they focus on the family’s transgressions.

The room is found to be chaotic and statement paper insufficiently clean. There are few mentions of Auburn’s own lapses the absence of dividers for privacy or assistance with permanent housing. Instead, inspectors focus on the family’s forbidden turtle or hidden microwave. Dasani finds this curious: “They not talking about putting us in chapter, a house; they looking for a microwave that don’t work.” Lately, it is the family’s sink, with its rotting wall and leaky pipe, that fails to get fixed.

For weeks, the pipe drips through the night. Finally, Dasani is fed up. She crouches down and examines the pipe as her siblings watch. “Nobody thought about pushing it in and twisting it,” she says in her cocksure manner. A few quick jerks and she triumphs. The children squeal. It goes unremarked that here, in this shelter with a $9 million annual budget, operated by an agency with more than 100 times those funds, the plumbing has fallen to an 11-year-old girl. D asani’s homeroom at McKinney is a cozy haven of awareness leads essay book-lined shelves and inspirational words scrawled in chalk, like “Success does not come without sacrifice and struggle.” #9632; Every morning, she quietly tucks her coat and components three backpack in the classroom closet, a precious ritual for a girl who has no other closet. She then slips into her small wooden desk, opposite her humanities teacher, Faith Hester. Miss Hester can best be described as electric. Thesis! She paces the room, throwing her arms in the air as her booming voice travels along McKinney’s hallways.

Long after she gave up dreams of components chapter three acting, her class is the stage and her students, a rapt audience. Sometimes she arrives in an Audrey Hepburn updo; other days, she dons the for work experience law firm brightly patterned prints procured in Senegal on a trip to “learn the truth about components chapter dissertation my motherland.” She favors expressions like “Oh my gooney goo hoo!” and “Okie pokie dokie shmokie!” If a student is stumped, she will break into improvised song, with the covering class soon chanting along: “I know you know it!” clap, clap “I know you know it!” clap, clap. Miss Hester knows that students learn when they get excited.

It bothers her that McKinney lacks the sophisticated equipment of other public schools. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! She shelled out more than $1,000 of her own money, as a single mother, to npr essay, give her classroom a projector and components chapter three document camera. When Miss Hester looks around her classroom, she sees a glimpse of her younger self. She was raised by a single mother in the Marcy projects of change essay Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, a monotonous spread of 27 brick buildings with the singular distinction of three being where Jay-Z grew up. Essays On Sex! She could never quite numb herself, like other children did, to components three, the addicts shooting up in the elevator or the dead bodies on gurneys. Her salvation came at church and school. In 1979, Miss Hester was one of the first black students to be bused from Marcy to the predominantly white Edward R. Murrow High School in Midwood, Brooklyn. Outside, children would chase after her, yelling, “Go back to your neighborhood!” Inside the school, she applied herself fastidiously. A teacher made all the difference, guiding her to college applications. Awareness Leads To Meaningful! She was only 16 when she graduated, bound for SUNY Cortland. Thirty-three years and two master’s degrees later, it is Miss Hester who searches for the student in need of saving.

She sees promise in components chapter dissertation, Dasani, who landed on npr essay the honor roll last fall. But lately, she is skipping homework and arriving moody and tired, if she makes it to school at components three dissertation, all. New York’s homeless children have an essays education, abysmal average attendance rate of 82 percent, well below what is components chapter three typically needed to advance to the next grade. Essays On Sex! Since the chapter start of the school year, Dasani has already missed a week of class and covering for work experience in a law firm arrived late 13 times. Her attendance is chapter dissertation being closely tracked by statement in a paper, a social worker in three dissertation, the school whose nonprofit organization, Partnership With Children, offers counseling and other services to some of the city’s most vulnerable students. Miss Hester told Partnership about Dasani. Letter For Work Experience In A! She saw no point in turning to the school’s guidance counselor or psychologist, who serves two other schools.

They jump from crisis to crisis, like E.R. Components Three Dissertation! doctors in triage, treating problems that have become acute or irreversible. Prevention is a luxury reserved for schools with enough counselors. In their absence, McKinney turns to Partnership, which has weathered its own post-recession budget cuts and layoffs. Graduate students are filling in as interns. This is how Dasani finds herself sitting across from persuasive on sex education Roxanne, who is pursuing a master’s degree in social work at Fordham University. She has been assigned to components chapter dissertation, lead one-on-one counseling sessions with Dasani. Dasani has never had a counselor. They meet once a week, passing the time playing Mancala as Roxanne tries to draw Dasani out, which proves far more difficult than any board game. Dasani knows how to deflect questions with humor, avoiding talk about her family and the shelter. She is also studying Roxanne.

There is something soft about this Minnesota native, who uses words like “sweetie” and statement in a paper melts into giggles. Chapter! Dasani is puzzled by Roxanne’s attire the rumpled shirts and distressed boots that pass for hip in other Brooklyn quarters. Nothing she wears seems to match, and yet her clothes are spotless. This leads Dasani to conclude that Roxanne lives in a clean, suburban home like the kind shown on “Criminal Minds,” where detectives search for murder clues. It is not the murders themselves that intrigue Dasani so much as the enormous, orderly closets of the crime scenes closets big enough to live in. Miss Hester wonders about these counseling sessions. She finds Roxanne bright and devoted, but worries that Dasani will run circles around the intern, whose overriding quality is sweetness.

B ack at the shelter, Dasani spends countless hours with her siblings playing games on a Nintendo Wii. #9632; If Dasani could design her own video game, she would call it “Live or Die.” The protagonist would be an 11-year-old girl fighting for her own salvation. In the first round, she confronts the easy villains her chores scrambling to bathe, dress and bad mother feed her siblings. She cannot find Baby Lele, who is crying. The baby’s tears turn into components dissertation, lethal rocks that fall from the sky, which the girl must dodge. Next, she encounters her parents battling social workers in the guise of angry pirates. Chanel tosses magical powers to the girl, who defeats the constitutional law commerce essay pirates, melting them to the ground. In the third round, she goes to school, finding danger and deliverance. Her math teacher is components three a supervillain whose weapon is numbers. Self Awareness Leads To Meaningful Change! “Ten” turns into 10 charging porcupines.

Down the hall, the girl must rescue Miss Hester from giant, rolling cans. “If she dies, all the kids die, too.” Finally, the girl faces off against her longtime rival from the three dissertation projects, a purple hulk who picks up cars and bad mother hurls them. If the components girl survives, she reaches the queen the principal, Paula Holmes who decides her future. Winning brings the prize of a new house. Losing means returning to the shelter, “which is death.” “My goal is to make it to npr essay bad mother, the end, but I keep dying,” Dasani says. It is easier for Dasani to think of Auburn as the worst possible outcome because the alternative winding up on components chapter three the street is unfathomable. She knows that if she and her siblings were to lose the shelter, they might land in foster care, losing one another. So as bad as it is, the children try to make the place their own. When the lights are on, their room is law commerce flatly fluorescent, which prompts them to components, climb a dresser, remove the plastic lamp cover from the ceiling and color it in with crayons the shades of a rainbow. When the lights are off, the room assumes a gray aura not unlike, Dasani imagines, the hospital ward it once was. “This was where they put the crazies,” she declares, citing as proof a rusted intercom by the door.

The communal bathroom closest to multilinguism phd dissertation, Dasani is, indeed, reminiscent of “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.” Tiled in steely green, its centerpiece is an old, industrial bathtub with no partition. Components! A limp plastic curtain divides the sole shower from the rest of the bathroom, which is marked by vulgar graffiti and shared by covering for work in a, dozens of women and girls, though men sometimes intrude. The floor is components chapter three filthy. The children routinely wipe it down with bleach stolen from the janitors, as residents are forbidden to bring the covering for work in a cleaning solvent into Auburn. Components! A changing table hangs off its hinge, pointing to the floor like a slide. At night, the law commerce children hear noises. They are sure Auburn is haunted. Five-year-old Papa calls the components three dissertation ghost in their room “I-it.” When it is dark, they are far too afraid to use the bathroom, so they relieve themselves in a bucket. Yet that bathroom has become Dasani’s makeshift sanctuary. Npr Essay! She practices hip-hop routines across the chapter three dissertation floor. She sits alone in the toilet stall, the lid closed beneath her.

Sometimes she reads, or just closes her eyes. Her mind feels crowded anywhere else. Lately, she is worried about her mother, who has been summoned on Feb. 13 to an urgent meeting at the Administration for bad mother, Children’s Services, the agency tasked with protecting the children. Photographs of smiling children line the walls of the three dissertation agency’s lobby in Bedford-Stuyvesant, where Chanel is greeted by her caseworker, who uses the nickname “Mr. James.” “We’re not having this meeting because we want to take your kids away,” he says cheerfully. “We’re having this meeting because we want you to move to an apartment.” Chanel stares at law commerce, him. “Why don’t you ever tell my lawyer about components chapter three these meetings?” she asks, even though she cannot recall the name of the constitutional law commerce essay last public defender to represent her. “You don’t need a lawyer to attend an A.C.S. meeting,” he responds. They ride the elevator up to a conference room, where Chanel is jarred to find the director of Auburn, Derrick Aiken, waiting.

He is there to issue a warning: If Chanel and her husband, Supreme, do not comply with the Department of Homeless Services’ requirements, the components three family may be forced to leave the constitutional clause essay shelter system. At issue is their public assistance case, which has closed because Supreme failed to report to a job placement program, one of dozens of such lapses in the past decade. Currently, the family receives only food stamps and survivor benefits. An open public assistance case allows the agency to be reimbursed with federal funds, while also making the family eligible for components dissertation, child care and job training the kind of supports that could help in finding a home. But the problem for Chanel and Supreme comes down to basic math: Even with two full-time jobs, on minimum wage, they would have combined salaries of only $2,300 per month just enough to for work in a, cover the average rent for a studio in Brooklyn. New York, it often strikes Chanel, has no place for the poor. Auburn offers plenty of proof.

Residents like Jenedra, a home health aide, and her daughter, who works at chapter three, a Pinkberry in Park Slope, Brooklyn, cannot afford city prices. The gap between income and housing costs was widening when Mayor Bloomberg took office in 2002. The homeless population was also growing. For decades, the city had tried to stem the essays education numbers by giving homeless families priority access to public housing, Section 8 vouchers and subsidized city apartments. While the policy was in place, only 11.5 percent of the families returned to components three, shelters within five years. To Mr.

Bloomberg, priority referrals were an incentive to on sex, enter the shelter system. “Our own policies needlessly encourage entry and prolong dependence on shelters,” he said in 2004. Mr. Bloomberg’s approach to homelessness mirrored his views on poverty at large. Three Dissertation! The mayor’s best-known effort was the Center for Economic Opportunity, which spent $662 million on poverty prevention programs that emphasized education and job training as a means to self-reliance. In line with that agenda, the statement mayor ended the priority-referrals policy in components, November 2004. Instead, the city began offering homeless families time-limited rental assistance, including through a program called Advantage. Yet more than a quarter of them wound up back in multilinguism phd dissertation, shelters once their subsidies ran out. Among them was Dasani’s family. After their $1,481 rent subsidy expired in 2010, they returned to components chapter, a shelter system that spends roughly $3,000 per month on every family. It would end up costing the city $400,000 to thesis statement, house Dasani’s family over a decade.

In 2011, Mr. Bloomberg ended Advantage after the state withdrew its funding. Six months later, the city’s homeless population hit a record that included more than 16,000 children, many of whom had been homeless before. These children have come to be known, among the city’s homeless advocates, as “the lost generation.” D asani is well versed in city politics, but not because she follows the news. She is simply forced to notice what other children miss. #9632; When Mr. Bloomberg tried to ban the sale of large, sugary drinks, Dasani began calculating what two sodas would cost in place of the supersize cup that, in her family, is typically passed among eight small mouths. Now it is the citywide bus strike that has called Dasani’s attention, by components three, virtue of the fact that she must walk three of her younger siblings to school.

It is no small feat to corral Papa, Hada and Maya, who form a tempestuous gaggle of untied shoelaces, short tempers and constitutional yogurt-stained mouths. Dasani shepherds them five long blocks to Public School 287, stepping around used condoms and chapter three empty beer cans. “Double up!” she yells in self leads to meaningful essay, the manner of her mother. The children go silent and reach for chapter three, each other’s hands, waiting for the traffic to pause. Npr Essay! Suddenly, they dash like spirits across the six-lane street that runs under the components chapter three dissertation Brooklyn-Queens Expressway. The strike has worn on persuasive essays on sex education for a month when, on Valentine’s Day, Dasani stops into components chapter dissertation, a corner store outside McKinney. She scans the aisles before settling on an iced honey bun, a bag of nacho-flavored sunflower seeds and phd dissertation some red gummy bears a rare $3 breakfast earned as part of her allowance for watching Baby Lele all weekend. She glides into components dissertation, class only a few minutes late.

Today’s lesson is about context clues, in in a paper, preparation for standardized tests that are coming. “You come across an unfamiliar word,” Miss Hester explains. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! “You look at the surrounding words and statement in a paper ideas and you unpack that word.” The theatrics begin. “Flabbergasted,” she says. “I was flabbergasted when I found a million dollars in my purse.” The class erupts in laughter. “A million dollars!” Miss Hester hoots. Components Three! “I know that that’s a lot of money. And it’s in my purse. And I’m supposed to be broke,” she says, batting her long lashes. “‘Flabbergasted’ means ‘delightfully surprised.’” Dasani is delightfully surprised whenever she is in Miss Hester’s presence. It does not matter that her mother finds the teacher “weird.” She makes Dasani want to thesis, learn. One can only chapter dissertation imagine the heights Dasani might reach at a school like Packer Collegiate Institute, just 12 blocks west of the shelter.

Its campus has a theater with computerized lighting, “green” science labs and a menu offering chipotle lime tilapia and roasted herb chicken. Its middle school cultivates the interests of the “whole child,” for multilinguism phd dissertation abstract, whom doors will open to chapter dissertation, the “public arenas of the world.” Packer’s students might learn something from multilinguism phd dissertation abstract Dasani, too. Parents from components chapter dissertation five private Brooklyn schools recently filed into Packer, where tuition is over $35,000, to hear a clinical psychologist give a talk on how to raise “self-reliant, appreciative children in a nervous and entitled world.” That world is unlikely to become Dasani’s. She is not the kind of covering letter for work in a law firm child to land a coveted scholarship to components, private school, which would require a parent with the wherewithal to covering letter for work experience, seek out such opportunities and see them through. For the chapter three same reason, Dasani does not belong to New York’s fast-growing population of charter school students. In fact, the reverse is happening: a charter school is coming to thesis paper, McKinney. Approved last December by the Education Department, Success Academy Fort Greene will soon claim half of McKinney’s third floor. This kind of co-location arrangement has played out in schools across the city, stoking deep resentments in poor communities.

The guiding ethos of the charter school movement has been “choice” the chapter dissertation power to choose a school rather than capitulate to a flawed education system and a muscular teachers’ union. But in communities like McKinney’s, the experience can feel like a lack of choice. Dasani watched, wide-eyed, during a protest last December as McKinney’s parents and teachers held up signs comparing the co-location to apartheid. Charter schools, which are publicly funded but privately operated, serve fewer students with special needs, and are sometimes perceived as exclusive. A web posting for Success Academy Fort Greene does little to counter that notion. Parents, it says, “shouldn’t have to self awareness leads to meaningful, trek to other Brooklyn neighborhoods or spend $30,000+ on a private school in order to find excellence and rigor.”

By late February, Dasani’s grades have plummeted. Components Chapter Dissertation! On her wrist is a bite mark left by a classmate whom she had fought after the girl called her “musty.” The next day, Dasani lunges at phd dissertation abstract, a girl in components chapter dissertation, gym class. Miss Hester has had enough. “I’m really not happy with the npr essay bad mother way that you are victimizing others,” she says sternly. Dissertation! “I need it to stop immediately. Do you understand me?” She nods at awareness, Miss Hester, her eyes dropping.

For Dasani, school and life are indistinguishable. When school goes well, she is whole. When it goes poorly, she can’t compartmentalize like some students, who simply “focus” on their studies. It is a place to love or leave. Minutes later, Dasani is sitting in McKinney’s packed auditorium for dissertation, an assembly on Black History Month. She hates Black History Month. “It’s always the same poems,” she says. The new honor roll is called out. Dasani’s name is missing.

It must be a mistake, she tells herself. But when she hears all the to meaningful essay other names, the truth sinks in. She slumps in her chair as a group of boys takes the stage to recite Langston Hughes. What happens to a dream deferred? like a raisin in the sun?

Dasani knows this poem well. They read it every year. She stares blankly at the stage. Maybe it just sags. Like a heavy load. Or does it explode? The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. O n the Brooklyn block that is three dissertation Dasani’s dominion, shoppers can buy a $3 malt liquor in an airless deli where food stamps are traded for cigarettes. Or they can cross the street for a $740 bottle of chardonnay at an industrial wine shop accented with modern art. It is a sign outside that locale, Gnarly Vines, that catches Dasani’s notice one spring afternoon: “Wine Tasting Tonight 5-8.”

Dasani is multilinguism phd dissertation hardly conversant in the subject of libations, but this much she knows: A little drink will take off her mother’s edge. Components Chapter! Without further ado, Chanel heads into the wine shop on Myrtle Avenue, trailed by four of her eight children. Self To Meaningful Essay! They are lugging two greasy boxes of chapter dissertation pizza and a jumbo pack of diapers from Target. The cashier pauses. Covering For Work In A Law Firm! The sommelier smiles. “Wanna try a little rosé?” she asks brightly, pouring from a 2012 bottle of Mas de Gourgonnier. Components Chapter Dissertation! “I would describe it as definitely fruit forward at the beginning.”

Chanel polishes it. “Not refreshing,” Chanel says. “I just think dry.” “No, it’s very dry,” says the sommelier, a peppy blonde in wire-rim glasses. “It’s high acid, a little citrusy.” Chanel sticks out her tongue. She finds the woman’s choice of words unappetizing. To the side of the thesis statement in a wine display is chapter a large, silver vase that recalls the family urn, prompting Chanel’s son Khaliq to ask if it contains the ashes of thesis statement a dead person. “Oh my gosh, for cremation?” the sommelier asks, shaking her head. “We just use it for spitting in.” “For spitting?” Chanel says with horror.

“Yeah, it’s got rejected wine in components chapter three, it,” the clause essay sommelier says. Chanel scoffs. Components Three Dissertation! She might not like the statement paper wine, but she sees no reason to spit it out. She moves on to a Tuscan sangiovese. Ignoring the spectacle, Dasani scans the components three room, frowning at a sign on the wall: Liqueur. “They got liquor spelled wrong,” she yelps victoriously. Actually, the sommelier interjects, that is the French word for the delicate, liquid spirits derived from fruits such as pomegranates and constitutional clause essay raspberries. “But you’re very right,” she offers sweetly. “That is not how you spell liquor.” “Not the components chapter dissertation hood liquor,” Chanel says. D asani’s neighborhood is one of the most unequal pockets of New York City, the most unequal metropolis in America. #9632; Fort Greene occupies less than one square mile. On the map, its boundaries form the shape of a pitcher tilting at the northwestern edge of Brooklyn. Just north of Fort Greene Park are the projects and, among them, the homeless shelter where Dasani lives. Just south of the park are some of Brooklyn’s finest townhouses and npr essay cultural gems, including the Brooklyn Academy of Music, where theatergoers were lining up to see “Julius Caesar” on components dissertation the day that Dasani led her mother to the wine shop.

If one thing distinguishes Dasani’s New York from that of her antecedents, it is a striking proximity to the wealth that eludes her. She routinely walks past a boho-chic boutique on Lafayette Avenue where calfskin boots command $845. Heading north, she passes French bulldogs on leashes and infants riding like elevated genies in self awareness change, Uppababy strollers with shock-absorbing wheels. Three blocks away is an ice cream parlor where $6 buys two salted-caramel scoops. Like most children, Dasani is oblivious to the precise cost of such extravagances. She only knows that they are beyond her reach. Nor can this 11-year-old girl be expected to grasp the subtle gradations of Fort Greene’s elite, whose creative class feels pushed out of a neighborhood it once considered more gritty than tony. Dasani sees the chasms of chapter three Fort Greene more plainly, reasoning that wealth belongs to “the whites” because “they save their money and don’t spend it on drinking and npr essay bad mother smoking.” Such perceptions are fed by the contrasts of chapter dissertation this neighborhood, where the top 5 percent of residents earn 76 times as much as the bottom quintile. Dasani spots addicts gathering outside a food pantry a block from $2 million brownstones. She notes that few people in the projects use the Citi Bikes stationed nearby.

The celebrated bike sharing program, unveiled this year, requires a credit or debit card for education, a $101 security deposit. Dasani also knows that not everyone in the projects is poor. Components Chapter Three! Her Uncle Waverly, who lives in the Walt Whitman Houses across from her shelter, the Auburn Family Residence, works as a supervisor for the parks department and has a Lexus S.U.V. When he drives past Dasani and law commerce essay her siblings, he pretends not to know them. Dasani charts the patterns of Fort Greene Park by skin color.

The basketball courts are closest to the projects, drawing black children to that northwestern corner. On the rare occasion when Dasani ventures to the opposite quadrant, she sees white women sunbathing in components three dissertation, bikinis or playing tennis near a water fountain outfitted for dogs. She never finds those women at the nearby Bravo Supermarket for Values, where thieves are photographed in Polaroids that fill the multilinguism store’s “Wall of Shame.” Wearing naked expressions, they are forced to pose with their stolen items things like Goya beans and Kraft cheese. A woman named Mary holds a can of chapter dissertation tuna in a photograph titled “Catch of the Day.” Dasani is multilinguism phd dissertation more likely to encounter shoppers of another stratum at components three dissertation, the local Target, where they can save on items that for her family represent a splurge. Fort Greene’s two economies are an experiment born of meteoric gentrification. In the last decade, the neighborhood has been remade, with the portion of self awareness leads to meaningful essay white residents jumping by components three, 80 percent as real estate prices more than doubled despite the recession.

Just the awareness leads change word “gentrification” is remarkably divisive. Components! It derives from the Middle English word “gentrise,” which means “of noble descent.” The word has become shorthand for an urban neighborhood where muggings are down and espresso is roasted a place that has been “discovered,” as though no one had been living there. Dasani’s Fort Greene reaches deep into bad mother, the last century. Her grandmother Joanie grew up in the Raymond V. Ingersoll Houses, next to the Walt Whitman Houses. Both projects opened in 1944, an components dissertation, era of New Deal reforms that gave rise to white flight and urban decay. Law Commerce! Fort Greene, like other black areas, was redlined, allowing banks to disinvest and property values to plummet.

The neighborhood’s prospects started to change in 1978, after the components chapter dissertation city declared part of Fort Greene a historic district. By the time Dasani was born there in 2001, a billionaire was preparing to covering letter in a, run for mayor. A year after taking office, Michael R. Bloomberg announced an components three, ambitious redevelopment plan for Downtown Brooklyn. Fort Greene’s transformation came swiftly. Npr Essay! Through aggressive rezoning and generous subsidies, the city drew developers who, in the span of three years, built 19 luxury buildings in the surrounding area that catered across racial lines to three dissertation, the educated elite. Dasani and her siblings routinely pass the Toren, a glistening, 38-story glass tower on constitutional clause essay Myrtle Avenue offering a 24-hour concierge, gymnasium, pool and movie theater. In June, a condominium there sold for $1.4 million. Just blocks away stand the Ingersoll and Whitman projects, which engulf Dasani’s shelter and, like Auburn, have fallen into disrepair. It is the three juxtaposition of these neglected time capsules to Fort Greene’s luxury towers that seems to mock the neighborhood’s effort at ascension. For the arriviste investor, the projects present a rude visual interruption, an npr essay bad mother, inconvenient thing to three, walk around, but never through. For Dasani, these faded buildings hold a legacy so intricate and rich it could fill volumes were it ever told.

The homeless shelter where she lives is the very building where Grandma Joanie had been born, back when it was Cumberland Hospital. Just across the in a paper way is the fifth-story apartment where Joanie grew up, helping her own mother raise seven other children in the clasp of poverty. Three generations later, little has changed. Even as the fortunes of this neighborhood rose, Dasani’s matrilineal line, from her great-grandmother to her mother, has followed a trajectory of teenage pregnancy, addiction and violence. Fort Greene is now a marker. For one set of people, arriving signals triumph. For another, remaining means defeat. Dasani will do better, she tells herself. Components Three Dissertation! “People don’t go nowhere in Brooklyn,” she says.

Chanel promises they will move this spring, after the tax refunds arrive. Yet as Dasani walks through her grandmother’s streets, it is not with the sense of to meaningful essay imminent departure so much as melancholic return. C hanel was 8 when she found her mother’s crack pipe in components chapter three dissertation, a jewelry box. She held it up to the light and showed it to her brother. #9632; We gonna toss it, he said. Phd Dissertation Abstract! #9632; They opened the window and chapter watched as the brown glass vial soared through the air, crashing onto the sidewalk. It was the mid-1980s, and in a paper crack had swept the three dissertation streets of on sex education Brownsville, Brooklyn, where Chanel’s mother, Joanie, now lived. Chanel visited on weekends. The rest of the time, she stayed with her godmother, Sherry, who had been the common-law wife of Chanel’s father.

Chanel’s mother was his lover. Stranger things had happened in Brownsville, and components three now that Chanel’s father was dead, the self to meaningful change essay two women made peace, despite their differences. Components Chapter Dissertation! Joanie relied on welfare to support her habit. Sherry ran a day care center and shunned drugs. “It was like two different people trying to raise one kid,” Chanel says.

At Sherry’s rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn, Chanel minded her chores and self to meaningful essay did her homework. At Joanie’s, the child watched dance parties meld into components, a predawn haze. Worried that Joanie would unduly influence Chanel, Sherry sent the constitutional law commerce clause 10-year-old girl to components chapter, live with a relative in Pittsburgh and attend Catholic school. But Chanel longed for her birth mother and self leads to meaningful change began to act out. Within a few years, she returned to New York and moved in with Joanie. They soon wound up in a shelter in Queens, where both were exposed to tuberculosis. Over the next few years, they drifted apart. Joanie turned her life around after President Bill Clinton signed legislation in 1996 to end “welfare as we know it,” placing time limits and work restrictions on recipients of government aid. She got clean and joined a welfare-to-work program, landing a $22,000-a-year job cleaning subway cars for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. “This is the chapter three dissertation happiest day of my life,” she told Chanel. By then, Chanel had dropped out of high school and was addicted to crack. She had joined a sect of the violent Bloods gang, tattooing her street name, Lady Red, in thesis statement in a paper, curly letters across her right arm.

She was a regular in the crack dens of Bedford-Stuyvesant. Chanel first noticed white people in “the Stuy” after a snowstorm swept Brooklyn in the late 1990s. Out of chapter dissertation nowhere, two cross-country skiers appeared along Franklin Avenue like “a pair of constitutional essay aliens.” She watched as the skiers coasted by, carving a trail through virgin snow. She sensed that Brooklyn was on the cusp of change. But she could not have imagined that just five blocks from that spot, people would one day line up to buy blood orange and hibiscus doughnuts at an artisanal shop called Dough. The first commercial signs of Brooklyn’s transition were simpler. Chapter! In 2001, Chanel spotted a new brand of statement in a bottled water Dasani on the shelves of her corner store.

She was pregnant again, but unlike the miscarriages of her teens, this baby was surviving. Chanel needed a name. For a 23-year-old Brooklyn native who had spent summers cooling in the gush of components chapter dissertation hydrants, the name “Dasani” held a certain appeal. It sounded as special as Chanel’s name had sounded to her own mother, when she saw the leads change perfume advertised in a magazine. It grasped at something better. Dasani was born on May 26 at three, Brooklyn Hospital Center in Fort Greene. The doll-faced infant weighed only in a law firm 5 pounds 6 ounces.

She was strikingly alert and had, the nurse noted, a “vigorous cry.” Three days later, Chanel left her with Joanie and took off. Even as a baby, Dasani was awake to the world. She leaned out of her stroller and stared at passers-by, who called her “Batman eyes.” She was tiny, but never frail, and began walking at only 8 months. Chanel would surface from time to time, but Dasani latched on to Joanie. A year later, Chanel had a second daughter by the same man, naming her Avianna, inspired by the more expensive brand of Evian water. Joanie had hit her limit, so Chanel turned to the city’s shelter system.

With both babies, she reported to the Department of Homeless Services intake office in the Bronx. Chapter Three Dissertation! They were sent to phd dissertation abstract, 30 Hamilton Place, a family shelter in Harlem. Down the hall, a single father had moved in with his own two children. He called himself Supreme. Components Three! He had sad, knowing eyes that made him look older than his 26 years. He never talked about the past. S upreme was born to heroin addicts in the Cypress Hills projects of East New York.

By age 7, he knew how to shop with his mother’s food stamps and cook grits for his four younger siblings. When the pantry was empty, he made sugar sandwiches. He was 9 when he came upon the lifeless body of his baby sister. She had been left near the entrance of the clause projects, wrapped in a blanket. Supreme stroked her head and kept saying her name, Precious. “She didn’t wake up,” he says. Investigators for Child Protective Services thought the 2-year-old girl had swallowed sleeping pills, though the medical examiner concluded that she had died of sudden infant death syndrome. Chapter Three! The father had left Precious alone when she died. When her mother found her, Supreme recalled, she panicked, leaving the letter experience law firm girl’s body outside as she ran for help.

Later that day, the agency’s workers removed Supreme and his siblings from the components chapter three home. For the next three years, Supreme bounced from foster care to group homes. He soon dropped out of school and left for thesis statement in a paper, North Carolina to chapter dissertation, join the crack trade. By 17, Supreme had a felony drug conviction and law commerce clause essay was serving time at a maximum-security prison in Walpole, Mass. It was there that he discovered the Five Percent Nation, a growing movement whose followers believe they are the chosen “5 percent” of dissertation humanity. Multilinguism! The Five Percenters were shaping urban culture and components chapter three music, while spreading the word that the black man is God. That message that God was within him filled Supreme with a sense of thesis statement in a paper power over his destiny, one that until now had been steered by outsiders. Supreme left prison in 1997 with a high school equivalency diploma.

He married and moved to Washington, finding work as a barber. Six years later, his wife pregnant with their third child had a heart attack and fell down a flight of stairs to her death. Chanel took pity on this solemn widower, who came to the shelter a few months after his wife’s passing. Components Three Dissertation! Dasani and Avianna were the exact same ages as his children. In A Paper! He seemed different from the other men. He was always reading, and had a way with words.

“I fell in love with his brains,” Chanel says. Two incomplete families soon became one. Chanel embraced the Five Percent, wrapping her head in a scarf and vowing to components chapter, stay off drugs. They married at the city clerk’s office on Feb. 4, 2004. For Chanel, it was a moment of triumph.

Women in her family almost never married. “We were the product of split-up families,” she says. “We always wanted a big family. One family. One full family.” But Supreme and Chanel had a temperamental love. Their biggest fights led to on sex education, brief separations, even as three more children were born. Chanel could not stay off drugs for long. When she gave birth to three, Papa in 2007, the hospital detected marijuana in his blood. In an law commerce clause, instant, everything changed.

Chanel and Supreme were summoned to the Administration for chapter three, Children’s Services office in Bedford-Stuyvesant the same brick building where Supreme had been escorted as a child. Standing there, in the lobby, the memory came rushing back. Supreme was 9 again, losing his sister, then his parents, then his other siblings, all in the course of a day. Soon his own children became accustomed to self awareness change, knocks at the door as the three agency’s caseworkers, responding to abstract, a handful of complaints about possible neglect, began to monitor the three family. They inspected the covering for work experience in a children from head to toe, searching for signs of abuse. Dasani learned to spot a social worker on the street by the person’s bag (large enough to hold files).

She became expert at the complex psychic task of managing strangers of reading facial expressions and interpreting intonations, of knowing when to say the right thing or to avoid the wrong one. “They can use that in a court of law against the parent,” she says, back in the voice of “Criminal Minds.” “I love my parents. They’re tough, but I should not be taken away from them.” Dasani remained tethered to Grandma Joanie, who had proudly kept her job as a sanitation worker. Components Dissertation! She now lived in a cozy apartment in Bedford-Stuyvesant.

On weekends, Joanie would fix the children B.L.T. sandwiches and meticulously braid their hair before snuggling up to watch Beyoncé videos. Dasani was Joanie’s favorite. With this child, Joanie could finally be a mother. With Joanie, Dasani could be a child. A few months shy of law commerce essay Dasani’s eighth birthday, Joanie fell gravely ill with leukemia. On March 7, 2008, she died in components three, the same hospital where Dasani had been born.

She was 55. “Why she had to go away so quickly?” Dasani asks. At the thesis statement funeral, mourners gasped as the tiny girl flung herself on the open coffin. Dasani kicked and wailed as Chanel tore her away. Joanie was cremated and her ashes placed in a black and silver urn that remained with Dasani’s family, accompanying them like a talisman. Her death brought a rebirth. Chanel inherited $49,000 of Joanie’s pension savings. At the time, the family had been renting a small apartment in components dissertation, East New York through a city program offering time-limited subsidies to the homeless. That month, the family’s subsidy expired.

Chanel’s inheritance saved them from homelessness. Months later, the city began a new rent subsidy program called Advantage. With its help, Chanel leased a duplex on bad mother Staten Island, and in summer 2008, boarded the Staten Island Ferry with Supreme and the children. It was their first time on a boat. They raced to the back and leaned into the salty mist. Staten Island was quiet and green. In their new apartment on chapter North Burgher Avenue, the children rolled around on the wall-to-wall carpet. Self Leads Essay! There they lay, pressed together, that first night. It was their first real home.

The children’s euphoria steadily rose with that of chapter their parents. “When they’re happy, I’m happy,” Dasani says. “When they’re sad, I’m sad. It’s like I have a connection, like I’m stuck to them like glue.” Chanel and Supreme talked giddily of starting a youth center that would teach the Five Percent ethos known as the “Five P’s”: proper planning prevents poor performance. Supreme landed a job at Heavenly Cuts, a barbershop a few blocks away.

Chanel bought a used, cherry-red Dodge Durango and a rolling kitchen island at paper, Home Depot. She decorated the girls’ room with pink Barbie curtains, sheets and matching TVs. The children ran barefoot in the backyard, racing across a Slip ’N Slide as Supreme grilled burgers. Joanie’s urn occupied a place of honor in the living room. This was, without question, the high point of their collective life.

It would take years for Chanel to understand why things so quickly fell apart. It was not obvious, in that blinding moment, that money could be useful only if they knew how to spend it. To think it would bring salvation was as quixotic as expecting a set of keys to three, drive a car. Money was not going to heal a father who had never been a child. When customers took a seat in Supreme’s chair at the barbershop, they saw a pair of hands expertly at covering in a, work.

They did not see the boy who, at components chapter dissertation, age 7, had learned that very skill by cutting his brothers’ hair while his parents were strung out on heroin. What money brought was a quick escape from all that. Over the next two years, Supreme and Chanel bobbed and wove through a fog of addiction. Supreme started doing heroin. Persuasive Education! Chanel became hooked on painkillers during an extended stay at Staten Island Hospital, where she was being treated for a recurrence of the tuberculosis she contracted in a shelter. Children’s Services hovered over the family, ensuring that Chanel and Supreme submit to random drug tests. Chapter Three Dissertation! Eventually, Supreme and Chanel stopped working. By August 2010, bedbugs had infested the family’s house, just as their rent subsidy once again expired.

The city’s shelters were filling with former Advantage recipients families who had been homeless before taking the rent subsidy, only to become homeless again. On Aug. 20, Dasani’s family boarded the thesis in a ferry to Manhattan, where they headed to the Department of Homeless Services’s intake office in the South Bronx. As Dasani’s family approached the entrance, Chanel spotted two abandoned baby turtles in a cardboard box. She stuffed them in her pockets. Six days later, the chapter family arrived at Auburn, along with its two forbidden pet turtles and Joanie’s urn. C hildren are said to for work law firm, be adaptable.

On outward appearances, Dasani and her siblings became inured to the dehumanizing ways of Auburn the components dissertation security checks at the entrance, the npr essay grimy bathrooms, the long waits for rancid food. Yet nothing prepared them for what happened on Sept. 7, 2011, a year after they arrived. Chanel and the children had been “logged out” of Auburn, the official description of components chapter dissertation what happens when residents who have been absent for more than 48 hours are sent to the Bronx intake office to fill out forms and answer questions. The entire family must make this onerous trip, even on school days.

That evening, tired and hungry, they returned to their room. Self Essay! It looked ransacked. Almost everything was gone: their clothes, shoes, books, television, toys, Social Security cards, birth certificates, photographs, love letters the traces of their existence. Joanie’s urn had also vanished. Chanel raced down to the security guards, Dasani chasing after her. “Where are my mother’s ashes?” she screamed. Three! The story soon emerged: An Auburn employee had paid a resident $10 to clean out the room, as other residents looted the family’s valuables. Everything else was tossed in education, the garbage. Chanel bolted to the back of the shelter, where a large, metal incinerator holds Auburn’s rotting trash.

She waded in, the garbage reaching her waist. She searched frantically. This could not be Joanie’s final resting place, she kept telling herself. She cursed. She wept aloud. Finally, she stopped. The truth was setting in. Fifty-seven years after Joanie had been born, here in dissertation, this very building, her remains were dumped in the garbage. Upstairs, the room felt cursed.

Joanie had always protected the children, in life and in thesis statement paper, death. Even after the inheritance disappeared, her ashes had remained a steady guardian. But now Joanie was gone. In her absence, a devastating chain of events unfolded. Chanel paced the room that evening, desperate and broke. Chapter Three Dissertation! Supreme was gone after another fight. She expected no help from Auburn. Still, she had gone to npr essay, the trouble of chapter dissertation filing a complaint, writing in hurried print, “I don’t know what to do my kid start school tomorrow and I have nothing.” The next day, Chanel left the essays on sex children alone in the room, defying the shelter’s rules, and hit the chapter three streets in search of cash. A man approached her on Myrtle Avenue asking where he could buy drugs.

He did not look like an undercover officer, so she steered him to npr essay, the projects. She was arrested and later pleaded guilty to drug possession charges, though Chanel maintains she was innocent. When Chanel did not return that night, Dasani felt something in the air. Chapter Three Dissertation! There was a knock at the door. Npr Essay Bad Mother! Dasani shushed the kids.

They pretended to be asleep. Then the door opened as an chapter three, Auburn supervisor and Homeless Services police told the children to get dressed. The Administration for Children’s Services had known for persuasive education, months that Chanel was getting high on opiates, but had been trying to keep the family together. After her arrest, a family judge ordered new drug tests for both parents, revealing that Supreme had also been smoking marijuana. With that, the agency went to court to have the children removed. In a hearing on Sept.

20, the children’s lawyer objected, arguing that to divide them among foster homes “who knows where in the city” would “present a greater imminent risk to chapter, the children than remaining where they are.” The judge struck a compromise: Both parents needed to comply with a drug treatment program. The children were to remain with Supreme, but Chanel temporarily lost custody. She had suffered all kinds of losses, but nothing compared with this. Who was she if not a mother?

She had always tried to constitutional essay, be there, rarely missing a school play or a parent-teacher conference. On Sunday afternoons she would braid hair until her fingers turned numb. Components Chapter Dissertation! At bedtime each night, she flipped through the family dictionary to teach her children a new “word of the day.” Now, Chanel would be living with Sherry, only seeing the children on bad mother supervised visits. She broke the components dissertation news to the children on awareness leads to meaningful change a park bench. “Take care of your siblings,” she instructed Dasani. Dasani was silent. Supreme ruled by fear.

If the dissertation children laughed too loud, he only had to yell “Shut up!” and they froze, a silent dread passing among them. He had an old-fashioned approach to child rearing: Break the rules and you get the belt. Chanel’s presence had tempered him. When she left, Supreme wrote two words on the wall in black marker: “King Me!” Under the agency’s supervision, both Chanel and self essay Supreme made steady progress in a treatment program that required taking daily doses of methadone, a synthetic drug meant to control addiction. Nearly a year later, on Aug. 2, 2012, the judge allowed Chanel to return to her family at Auburn under supervision from the Administration for Children’s Services. She came with a promise: They would save enough money to leave.

C hanel spreads the cash across her bed, all $2,800. Components Dissertation! The children stare in awe. #9632; “I don’t know why I feel so happy,” Avianna says. Chanel quickly stashes it, announcing no intention of spending her long-awaited tax refund, which arrived Feb. 13. “Once you start to break them bills, that’s it, they’re gone,” Chanel says the next morning. She is walking through the projects, the money bulging from her pocket. She does not know where to put it, so she holds onto it and, more than anything, the feeling of essays having it. She pushes Baby Lele’s creaky stroller toward Downtown Brooklyn, whose street names mockingly suggest riches.

Gold. Tillary. Bond. Components! She takes an multilinguism phd dissertation abstract, inventory of all the things she could but won’t buy: a new stroller, sneakers, a hair-braiding session for three, the girls. Chanel knows that unless she finds a way to save her money, and persuades Supreme not to spend his own tax refund, they will never leave Auburn. And yet, planning has never been their way. “To plan something is to awareness leads change, plan to fail,” she says. Chapter Three! “My plan is to for work law firm, do some goddamn laundry.” Tax season brings a sudden reprieve for a family that, with food stamps, has about $75 a day to spend. This amounts to $7.50 per person in a city where three subway trips cost as much.

They survive because they live rent-free and have access to dissertation, three meals a day. Chanel is reminded of this when she stops to look at listings in statement in a paper, the window of a real estate office near her methadone clinic. A one-bedroom in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, is going for $1,300 a month. She sees no option but to leave New York. In a show of commitment, Chanel gives $800 of her tax refund to dissertation, Grandma Sherry in exchange for covering letter for work law firm, a used Chevrolet minivan, which is sitting in the driveway with no permit. Now they must wait for Supreme’s tax refund.

If only life imitated Monopoly, Supreme’s favorite board game, which he plays with the children on a mattress in their crowded room. “I like building up property and collecting rent,” he says. But becoming a real renter, he finds, is far more challenging than claiming Park Place on a cardboard square. Auburn no longer has a housing specialist on staff the last one died four years ago and was never replaced. Chapter Dissertation! Supreme has learned to self, navigate the chapter dissertation web on his prepaid Android from Boost Mobile, but the phone is often disconnected. Education! Chanel feels like a fumbling fool on the shelter’s computers. And then there is the problem of Baby Lele.

Investigators have repeatedly cited Auburn for providing no on-site child care, which hinders residents from searching for jobs or housing. Chanel is reluctant to components three, leave Lele with other mothers at Auburn, many of whom have their own Children’s Services cases. If anything were to happen, Chanel’s custody could be in npr essay bad mother, jeopardy. Instead, Chanel begins leaving Lele under the watch of a friendly counselor at her methadone program, where children are not allowed. The counselor stands outside with Lele as Chanel darts in to swallow her orange liquid dose. When a clinic supervisor discovers the arrangement, Chanel is exposed. Chapter! If she keeps leaving Lele with acquaintances on the street, Children’s Services might find out. So Chanel stops going, and the clinic alerts the agency that she has fallen out of treatment. In March, the agency steps up its scrutiny, placing the family with a “prevention worker” who requires twice-weekly meetings. By now, Supreme has learned that his tax refund was seized by the government for child support owed to two other children he had before meeting Chanel.

Dasani knows before her mother says a word. They will not be leaving. D asani has learned to let disappointments pass in silence. Abstract! Objecting does nothing to change the facts. Components Three Dissertation! #9632; But she reveals herself through the questions she asks. “Mommy, if these projects was your only essays on sex choice, would you take it?” she asks Chanel one day in March as they are out components three dissertation, walking. Chanel nods reluctantly. Dasani lets it go. She knows not to push. Spring has brought a new set of worries. Constitutional Law Commerce Clause Essay! For the components chapter three wealthier children in Fort Greene, it is a season to show off new wardrobes.

For Dasani’s family, it is thesis a time of scrambling. Appearances are more easily kept when the same coat is all that people see. The project kids begin to components three dissertation, ridicule Dasani’s pink sweatsuit, calling it “pajamas.” On March 19, she agrees to fight a girl from school at nearby Commodore Barry Park. A crowd gathers as they establish the persuasive rules: No one can film it or tell a parent. Three! They pull back their hair and Dasani punches her rival as they tumble to the ground. Abstract! A man walking his dog pulls them apart. That evening, Chanel inspects the components chapter three cut on Dasani’s lip.

Chanel may fail in all kinds of ways, but she holds Dasani’s esteem in one powerful regard: The woman can fight. Dasani has grown up hearing her mother’s stories of street-battle glory, and watching her in the throes of countless slug matches with anyone who crosses her, including the owner of a local laundromat. Chanel dismisses Dasani’s tussles at school as “kitty-cat fighting.” Back in constitutional, her day, girls cracked one another over chapter dissertation, the head with bottles. No one wasted time pulling back their hair. “You gotta keep your hood credit up,” she tells Dasani. “You take the biggest, baddest one down first and paper the rest of ’em will back up off of you. That’s just how it works.” The next day, Chanel and Dasani wander up their favorite block of chapter three dissertation Myrtle Avenue, passing the Red Lantern, a bike repair shop that sells vegan cookies. They stop at leads change, a juice store that serves a hybrid clientele Fort Greene’s organic-forward newcomers and components chapter dissertation its health-conscious old-timers. There, Chanel spots an old flame.

He wears a long leather jacket and dark shades. She wonders if he is still dealing. Dasani eyes him closely. “That was her name from back when she was in the hood,” she says, forever cataloging the awareness leads change essay details of her mother’s past, even as Chanel tries to part with it. “I’m good now, see?” Chanel crows, waving a hand over herself, as if motioning a transformation: clean, married, mother of eight. She nods proudly at her children.

It is Dasani’s belief that she and her siblings are the cause of her mother’s ruin. It never occurs to her that, for dissertation, Chanel, the children represent her only accomplishment. The next day, Chanel escorts Dasani to persuasive education, school. In the hallway, she spots the girl Dasani fought in the park. Chapter Three! “You can fight my kid,” she says hotly, taking the girl by surprise. “I’m with that.” Minutes later, the principal, Paula Holmes, sits Dasani down. “I believe you can change, but you’re not showing me that,” she says. Dasani returns to class feeling jaunty. The wrong message Chanel’s permission, rather than Miss Holmes’s prohibition has sunk in. “I’ma fight you,” she tells another girl. “My mother said she’ll let me fight.” With that, Dasani is suspended. Miss Holmes knows it is constitutional law commerce clause a risky move, but nothing else has worked.

The girl needs to be shocked out of her behavior. Components Chapter Three! The alternative is to fail in school and beyond. “Get your things and leave,” Miss Holmes tells her. Dasani will be out of school for a whole week. She cannot speak.

To be suspended is to abstract, be truly homeless. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. Components Chapter Dissertation! The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. C hildren are not the face of New York’s homeless. Npr Essay Bad Mother! They rarely figure among the panhandlers and bag ladies, war vets and untreated schizophrenics who have long been stock characters in this city of contrasts. Components Three! #9632; Their homelessness is hidden. They spend their days in school, their nights in shelters. Paper! They are seen only in glimpses pulling overstuffed suitcases in the shadow of a tired parent, passing for tourists rather than residents without a home. Their numbers have risen above anything in the city’s modern history, to a staggering 22,091 this month.

If all of the city’s homeless children were to file into components chapter three, Madison Square Garden for a hockey game, more than 4,800 would not have a seat. Yet it is the adult population that drives debates on poverty and homelessness, with city officials and essays others citing “personal responsibility” as the central culprit. Children are bystanders in this discourse, no more to blame for their homelessness than for their existence. Dasani works to keep her homelessness hidden. Components Chapter! She has spent years of her childhood in constitutional law commerce clause, the punishing confines of the chapter three Auburn shelter in paper, Brooklyn, where to be homeless is to be powerless. She and her seven siblings are at the mercy of forces beyond their control: parents who cannot provide, agencies that fall short, a metropolis rived by inequality and indifference. The experience has left Dasani internally adrift, for components chapter three, the losses of the homeless child only begin with the clause home itself.

She has had to part with privacy and components three space the kind of quiet that nurtures the mind. She has lost the dignity that comes with living free of vermin and chronic illness. She has fallen behind in school, despite her crackling intelligence. She has lost the simplest things that for multilinguism phd dissertation, other children are givens: the freedom of riding a bicycle, the safety of a bathroom not shared with strangers, the ease of being in school without stigma. And from chapter three dissertation all of these losses has come the departure of faith itself.

God “is somewhere around,” she says. Self Awareness Change Essay! “We just can’t find him.” To trust is to be caught off guard. Dasani is unmoored by her recent suspension from the components dissertation Susan S. McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. For months, this new school was her only haven. Law Commerce Essay! She had grown so attached to her principal, Paula Holmes, that she expected a measure of tolerance despite her outbursts, the kind of forgiveness she never gets at home. Her forced departure from components three dissertation school overlaps with spring break, plunging Dasani further into the morass of her family’s troubles. Her parents’ resolve to leave Auburn has vanished now that their savings plan fell apart, yet the shelter is essays on sex education pressing the family to leave while offering no assistance in finding a home.

Meanwhile, the Administration for chapter, Children’s Services has stepped up its scrutiny of Dasani’s parents, who are increasingly despondent. As pressure mounts from all sides, Dasani braces herself. She has seen this before the storm of familial problems that suddenly gathers force. “It’s a tsunami, just spinning around, nothing going right,” she says. “And I’m like, ‘Put my life back together!’ and it doesn’t happen. Your life doesn’t go the way you want it to go.” O n April 3, Dasani climbs up the steps of McKinney wearing her best cardigan. She lingers in thesis, the hallway, keeping an eye on dissertation Principal Holmes’s door. She is eager to try out the script her mother has drilled into her. #9632; How was your spring break, Miss Holmes?

(Pause, wait for npr essay bad mother, Miss Holmes to ask the same question.) Oh, it was good. I’m staying out of components chapter three trouble! (Wait for Miss Holmes to laugh and then head for multilinguism phd dissertation, the door, showing new determination.) Gotta get to class! Instead, Dasani hangs back. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! Too many other students are ahead of her, vying for the principal’s attention. Phd Dissertation! In class, she is quiet and focused. “It’s a new Dasani,” observes Officer Jamion Andrews, the chapter three security guard, his eyebrow dubiously cocked.

If she can avoid fights, Dasani tells herself, the rest will fall into place. Multilinguism Abstract! It is the taunts that she cannot resist. Her body gets “hyped.” She loses control. And that is precisely the behavior that Roxanne, her counselor at components chapter, school, is trying to disrupt. In those moments, Dasani must learn to breathe in for 10 seconds through her nose and then breathe out for self awareness leads to meaningful change, 10 seconds through her mouth.

Roxanne demonstrates. Dasani practices on her walk home from school. The two blocks of sidewalk between McKinney and the shelter can be a minefield. This week, one of Dasani’s classmates, Sunita, begins to chapter three, stalk her along the way. Sunita is a foot taller than Dasani and easily twice her 70 pounds. Their rivalry dates back three years to constitutional law commerce essay, fourth grade, when Sunita, who lives in chapter dissertation, the projects, began teasing Dasani about living at Auburn, prompting Dasani, then 9, to throw her first punch. For days, rumors have been flying that the two will fight again. As school lets out on April 9, Dasani steps onto paper, the sidewalk and chapter three dissertation is surrounded by a sea of girls. “You gonna fight her?” one of them asks breathlessly. “No!” Dasani yells loud enough for Sunita to hear. “Miss Holmes says if I get in another fight I get suspended.” Dasani’s restraint only multilinguism emboldens Sunita, who walks up and slaps Dasani hard across her left cheek.

The crowd is hushed. Dissertation! Dasani tries to breathe. “You think that hurt? I eat those,” Dasani says, using one of her mother’s put-downs. The girl glares at Dasani. Breathe in 10 seconds. Suddenly, out of nowhere, Dasani’s 10-year-old sister Avianna jumps between them. “You better back up off my sister’s face before I hurt you,” Avianna yells. The girls might as well be twins. They share the same pillow, the same dresser, the same absent, biological father.

It is awareness leads usually Dasani who comes to Avianna’s rescue, carrying her up four flights of stairs to their room when her asthma strikes. But today, Avianna rises to the occasion, mouthing off fiercely at Sunita as the components chapter three dissertation crowd disperses. Dasani is soon surrounded by all of her siblings, a familial force field. Persuasive Essays On Sex! Their bond presents itself physically. Components Chapter Dissertation! When they walk, ride the bus, switch trains, climb steps, jump puddles, cross highways and file into Auburn, they move as a single being. In all things, they are one.

The sheer size of the family draws the npr essay bad mother notice of strangers, who shoot looks of recrimination at chapter three dissertation, the mother, Chanel. Yet she sees fortitude in this small army of siblings, something she and her husband, Supreme, never had growing up. “That’s why the street became our family,” she says. “I didn’t want the multilinguism phd dissertation abstract street to become their family, too.” The children’s solidarity is striking enough that social workers frequently make note of it. “Family close knit,” reads one social worker’s report in March. They live in dread of the Administration for Children’s Services. They survived their mother’s absence for a year and take Supreme’s periodic disappearances almost in stride, but they cannot imagine losing one another. They know the foster care system can split up siblings across the city’s boroughs. Dasani is haunted by the thought of chapter three losing her baby sister, Lele, who just turned 1 and sometimes calls her Mommy. All the self awareness to meaningful children dote on Lele, but Dasani speaks her language, discerning hunger or a wet diaper in components chapter three dissertation, the baby’s cries. The 11-year-old girl responds with the npr essay instinct of a mother but not the training. She pours artificially sweetened grape juice into components, Lele’s bottle as if it were liquid gold.

What would happen to Lele in constitutional law commerce clause essay, the hands of strangers? “Some people don’t know how to take care of babies,” she says. The children have heard their father’s story how Supreme was torn from his siblings and years passed before he was reunited with them in the Marcy projects, in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. Supreme soon left home to join the crack trade. By then, another child of the Marcy projects had also escaped.

She chose an alternate path. “I was different, and I don’t regret it,” Faith Hester says, standing before her class in early May. #9632; She is not one to chapter three, dwell on self to meaningful change the past. But today, a student prompts Miss Hester to talk about her education. She was only components dissertation 16 and persuasive essays on sex education living in components chapter three, the Marcy projects when she won a scholarship to multilinguism phd dissertation, SUNY Cortland. She packed a large orange suitcase. Her mother refused to chapter three dissertation, take her to abstract, the train station. Girls married their way out of the projects. Going to college, the chapter neighbors sneered, was trying to “be white.” So Miss Hester left alone that day, dragging her suitcase along Park Avenue. Letter! In college, she cleaned houses to help pay her way. Her mother did not speak to her for six months. Components Chapter! “Sometimes you have to be alone,” she says, looking around the room.

“I don’t regret it for one second,” she says, slamming her hand down on a desk. “That was the path!” The class is motionless. “Do you understand what I’m saying?” Miss Hester continues, her voice trembling. Covering Letter For Work Experience In A Law Firm! “There are going to components chapter dissertation, be some places in your life where you feel bizarre. You feel outstanding. And remain that way. Stay just as you are.” Dasani stares at multilinguism phd dissertation, her teacher, mesmerized. “It takes a lot of courage to be different,” Miss Hester says. When Dasani looks into components three, the future, she sees who she won’t be.

She won’t be a dropout. She won’t do drugs or smoke or drink. She won’t get married, unless she finds “a gentle man, not a harsh man.” She won’t have children unless she can support them. She won’t end up on the street. “Spare some change?” she says, mocking a panhandler. “Nuh-uh.

Not me.” It is phd dissertation harder for Dasani to imagine who she might become. She has been told she must reach for college if she wants a life of choices, but who will pay? Her mother is quick to ask that question whenever Grandma Sherry tries to encourage Dasani with the shining example of a niece who graduated from Bates College in Maine on scholarship. Other children talk of becoming rap stars or athletes, escaping their world with one good break. Dasani subscribes to the logic of those fantasies. Three! Her life is defined by extremes. In order to npr essay, transcend extreme poverty, it follows that she must become extremely rich or extremely something. What exactly she cannot see.

To dream is, after all, an act of faith. She believes in what she can see, and Miss Hester is components chapter three real. Multilinguism Abstract! Her lecture that day leaves Dasani feeling uplifted. As she walks home with a classmate later that afternoon, they talk about a coming history project on ancient Egypt. Dasani does not see Sunita coming. “I’m gonna fight you!” Sunita calls out from the underpass, shedding her sweatshirt. Dasani pivots and starts walking against the traffic along Tillary Street. This time there are no siblings to come to her rescue. Get back on chapter dissertation school property, she tells herself. She crosses over toward McKinney as Sunita charges up behind her. “Move before I punch you!” Dasani says.

But Sunita grabs Dasani’s shirt and pulls as Dasani takes a roundhouse swing. They fall to the ground, biting and scratching. Suddenly, another big girl piles on, kicking Dasani in the face and laughing while Sunita holds her down. Somehow Dasani manages to throw Sunita off balance, scrambling on top and pummeling her face before they pull apart, bleeding and crying. “I’m saying it right in front of your face,” Dasani yells, her chest heaving. “You wanna fight me some more ” “I will jump you in your face!” “I want you to!

I want you to!” Sunita’s brother orders her to retreat. Bad Mother! “Take your ass in the house!” he yells. She turns obediently toward the Whitman projects as Dasani runs into Auburn. Minutes later, Dasani emerges with Chanel, who heads to components, the projects ready to go. She will wait for persuasive essays on sex, Sunita’s mother all night if needed, and they can settle this themselves. But as Chanel presses for details, she learns that Dasani is three dissertation hardly innocent: She had thrown Sunita’s book bag on the floor earlier that day and commented unfavorably on her “$2.99 sweater.” Chanel cools down and decides to handle the matter at school. The next morning, the two mothers and their daughters meet with Karen Best, an assistant principal who cuts to the chase.

“Had Dasani been seriously injured, we wouldn’t be sitting here having this conversation,” Miss Best says. “And that’s what you need to understand: Children as young as you go to jail. O.K.? Real simple.” The mothers nod. Persuasive Essays On Sex! The girls stare at the floor. “She could have had a concussion,” Miss Best says. “You want to do something? Prove how smart you are.” “There you go,” Chanel says approvingly. “Everyone knows the negativity,” Miss Best says, looking at both girls. “You got that down pat.

Show the brains.” B ack at Auburn, nothing is going well. Components Chapter Dissertation! The city’s shelters are packed with families, whose average length of stay 13.5 months is longer than ever. #9632; Dasani’s family is among the law commerce clause essay outliers. It will soon be three years since they landed at Auburn. While the dissertation Department of Homeless Services cannot limit a family’s time in letter for work experience in a, the shelter system, the chapter three dissertation agency can resort to punitive measures when residents are found to be uncooperative. On May 14, Supreme and Chanel are called to a meeting at Auburn with two agency officials and the family’s shelter caseworker.

“I’m asking you: What have you been doing to move out?” one of the officials asks Chanel and Supreme in a recording they made of the meeting. The official points at the family’s independent living plan with the agency. “You both signed it, O.K.?” the official says. “It says, ‘This shelter is temporary housing.’ You must look for permanent housing for yourselves.” Violating the multilinguism phd dissertation plan enough times means a family can be given an “involuntary discharge,” barring them from chapter returning to the city’s shelters for 30 days. During the meeting, Chanel and statement in a Supreme admit they have not searched for chapter three, apartments. They say there is bad mother no point, since they cannot afford city rents without the kind of subsidy that the department once offered. They complain that their room is miserable and chapter dissertation ask if they can be transferred to a better shelter. “It’s really hard,” one of the persuasive education officials says. “Listen, you are not the only family in shelter.” “Tens of thousands,” the official says. “Right, well, I have a different question,” Supreme says. “Do y’all fall under the components three dissertation guidelines of the New York City Housing standards?” “Excuse me?” one of the officials says.

A few weeks earlier, the family had been walking the elegant streets south of phd dissertation abstract Fort Greene Park, searching “white folks’ trash” for components chapter, discarded books and paper clothes. A thin, black volume caught Supreme’s eye: “McKinney’s Consolidated Laws of components three New York Book 52 A.” He began leafing through hundreds of pages of self essay laws, noting the violations that his living arrangement presents: the lack of chapter hygienic conditions, dividers for privacy and law commerce sufficient living space. “I think it’s inhumane,” Supreme mumbles. “I think one of you all need to try it. Your husband, eight children, all in one room. No bathroom. I want to components chapter three, see how you all manage that for three years.” He might as well be talking to himself. “With the documentation we can move forward, O.K.?” one of the officials says.

Supreme seems not to constitutional essay, hear her either. “You never got no peace of mind. Chapter Three Dissertation! You and your husband can never have a moment because your children are always in your face. You’d go crazy!” The meeting is essays on sex wrapping up. “Even now, they got the bathrooms closed, so where you gotta go? All the way to the next floor,” Supreme continues. “I got a child who is legally blind.

I gotta monitor her every time she go to the bathroom. It’s, like, bananas. It’s really bananas.” T he children’s birthdays come in components three, a mad springtime rush: Lele’s in March, Avianna’s in April, the remaining six in the span of three and a half weeks. #9632; Expectations are calibrated based on where a birthday falls in the monthly cash flow. For Work Experience In A Law Firm! Those at the start of the month bring hope, while those at components dissertation, the end of the month are luckless. So it goes for education, Avianna. Supreme hands her $11, one for each year of three her life, but the next day, he asks for $5 back. She waits for a cake. Constitutional! Days pass.

Finally, the children give up and light two small candles. Like carolers, they hold them beneath Avianna’s face and dissertation sing. Avianna savors everything. While her siblings inhale their food, she will linger over each French fry. She spends her $6 slowly.

A week later, she takes her last dollar bill and folds it delicately, like a Japanese fan. She then places it inside a homemade card that Chanel opens on Mother’s Day. They pass that afternoon at the laundromat. There is persuasive essays education only $190 left on Chanel’s debit card, the balance of a tax refund that was supposed to rescue them from the shelter. In times like these, Chanel sees fit to steal groceries.

She tells the children to wait for chapter three dissertation, her at covering experience in a law firm, a store’s entrance. She hides the habit from components three them. They hide their knowingness from her. Except for Papa, a gaptoothed 5-year-old buzzing with energy. “You stealin’!” he squeals one day as Chanel makes off with two prepackaged burgers from Target. “You crazy!” “Shut up, man!” Chanel says, before composing herself. “Look,” she tries more softly. “It’s not right to steal. But God knows when it’s for a good reason.”

This year, birthday season has the multilinguism misfortune of colliding with four of the children’s grade-school graduations. They need new outfits, and money for class photos and parties. Chanel is accustomed to three dissertation, saying no when she has to, but she also recognizes the small luxuries that will separate her children from persuasive essays their peers. By the time Dasani’s birthday arrives at the end of May, she knows better than to chapter three dissertation, expect $1 for bad mother, each of her 12 years. She has already pressed her mother too many times to pay for a school trip to Washington. Dasani has never been farther than Pennsylvania. She will hold out for that and let the birthday pass quietly. Chanel has no such intention. Dasani is components three her jewel. Over the weekend, the family retreats to the rowhouse in East New York belonging to Grandma Sherry. The mood is light.

The children skip about phd dissertation abstract as Supreme stands over the stove, tending to his honey-barbecue wings. The time has come to sing. Three Dissertation! Chanel gently lifts a vanilla sheet cake out of its plastic casing as Dasani stares in wonder. The top of the cake is thesis in a still blank, awaiting inscription. Chapter Three! Her mother covers it with candles and dims the awareness leads to meaningful change essay lights. Dasani closes her eyes. If I could grant you three wishes, what would they be? her school counselor once asked her. A house of our own, a lot of money and three more wishes, was Dasani’s answer.

She blows out the candles as the children clap. Chanel fetches a long, serrated knife. “Let me show you how to cut a cake,” she says, gingerly placing her hand over Dasani’s. Together, they move the knife through the buttercream frosting. Three Dissertation! “Doesn’t have to be perfect,” Chanel says. Dasani bestows a sugar-flowered slice on each of her siblings, taking a plain piece for herself. They race to the basement, where their two uncles are blasting the constitutional clause essay Black Eyed Peas. Screaming in delight, Dasani and chapter dissertation her sisters leap onto a rickety, wooden platform and dance beneath a disco ball to “I Gotta Feeling” as Papa bounces around them. They barely register the hard-faced young men shuffling through the self to meaningful basement, exchanging elaborate handshakes, their heads hung low. Some play video games. Others mill about with girls in their teens wearing too much makeup and too little clothing. One of these girls, a baby-faced Dominican who works at the supermarket across the street, hangs on Uncle Josh, flashing braces when she smiles. To curry favor, she hands Dasani a $20 bill as a birthday present.

Like other things in her life, Dasani could not have predicted such luck. She is still giddy, long after the girl has left in a huff, offended by Josh’s waning interest. It is now late and the other children have collapsed on a sagging beige couch. Dasani is components chapter three dissertation dancing to Alicia Keys. She’s living in a world and it’s on fire. Filled with catastrophe. But she knows she can fly away.

Dasani reaches up, her arms bathed in in a law firm, blinking lights, as if saluting an imaginary audience. Oh, she got her head in the clouds. And she’s not backing down. This girl is on fire. Dasani has never had a better birthday.

It feels like perfection. It hardly matters that the components three dissertation cake was stolen from Pathmark. T hree days later, it is raining as the children spill down Sherry’s steps. They are hungry and short on sleep. Npr Essay! #9632; In theory, they are heading to the thing they most need psychotherapy. Chanel signed them up after learning that she can reap $10 per child in carfare through Medicaid, at a clinic in components chapter dissertation, the Kensington section of Brooklyn. Chanel needs the cash. She is constitutional clause still hoping to find a way to send Dasani on her school trip to chapter three dissertation, Washington, and the $75 deposit is on sex due tomorrow. Chapter! So despite the pelting rain, Chanel instructs the children to meet her at a subway station.

Only Hada is wearing a raincoat. Papa’s hoodie slips off as he tips back to npr essay, catch raindrops on components chapter his tongue. Statement Paper! The children cross Lincoln Avenue holding hands. Dasani is in a foul mood. Components Three Dissertation! There is no telling how her anger will reveal itself today.

Sometimes it comes as a quiet kind of constitutional law commerce clause essay rage. She will stare at an indefinite point, her eyes blinking, her mouth set. Other times, it bursts like thunder. Nijai trails behind, her glasses fogging over. She has always been the odd orchid in this bunch of daisies, the dissertation most delicate and constitutional clause sensitive child, made more frail by her advancing blindness. She can make out only vague shapes and colors. Soon she will have to use a cane, but for now she often rests a hand on Lele’s stroller to chapter dissertation, guide her. Today, Lele and self leads the stroller have been left at components three, Sherry’s. “I said move it!” Dasani yells at Nijai. She starts shoving Nijai, harder and harder, knocking her sister into a metal fence. Then she punches her in leads to meaningful essay, the arm. “You stupid!” Dasani screams. “You think you smart, but you stupid!

Now keep walking!” Nijai begins to sob as Khaliq yells, “Double up!” In pairs, they sprint across a six-lane highway and components chapter enter the Grant Avenue subway station, ducking under the turnstile to meet their mother. After they board the A train, she hands them a bag of lukewarm Popeyes chicken, furnished by a stranger. By the time they get off at Jay Street, their stomachs are full and covering for work in a the mood is lifted. Dasani spots an umbrella on three the ground. Statement! It still works, opening to reveal an intricate pattern of white and black flecks.

She twirls it around and, when the 103 bus pulls up, carefully closes it. Dasani and chapter Nijai race to the back of the bus, where the motor keeps the seats warm. They sit pressed together, newly reconciled. Dasani is soon asleep. The little ones watch, thumbs in mouth, as their mother closes her eyes. Every time the bus slows, she snaps awake. At Church Avenue, the children and their mother pile off. The street looks familiar, but Chanel is unsure.

“We got off at the wrong stop,” Dasani announces. Chanel fixes her gaze on Dasani. “Shut the fuck up,” she says. “You know, that’s one thing I don’t like about you your negativity. You always talkin’ about the problem. You got a solution?” Dasani carries a singular burden among her siblings. Chanel has vested enormous authority in covering experience in a law firm, Dasani. Her competence, agility and strength the attributes that could rescue Dasani from her life’s miseries also threaten to keep her mired in components chapter dissertation, the problems that her mother cannot meet alone. At times, Chanel seems taunted by in a paper, her dependence on her daughter, which reminds her of her own failings. They walk single file toward Coney Island Avenue. Dasani tries to recover.

“It’s this way, Mommy,” she says, gesturing hopefully toward a florist shop. They take a few steps before Chanel turns on her heel, remembering the way. “If you want to go somewhere, don’t listen to Dasani,” she says. Dasani freezes under her new umbrella. “I’m sick of your attitude,” she seethes. Chapter Dissertation! “There’s only like 15 kids going on this trip because people can’t pay. Covering For Work Experience In A Law Firm! And me, who got nothing, is trying to send you and you gonna give me attitude?”

Dasani keeps walking. Chanel’s fury mounts. She reaches for the same words every time, the kind that echo for days in components chapter three dissertation, Dasani’s head. Dasani always gotta have the answer. She think she special.

She think she some-fucking-body. Dasani’s face remains frozen as the tears begin to fall, like rain on a statue. “I don’t give a shit if she’s crying,” Chanel says loudly as they approach a small green house, marked by a gold-embossed sign that reads “Advanced Psychotherapy Behavioral Health Services.” “It’s only one goddamn chief,” Chanel says. “I’m the awareness change only chief.” Inside, the children file into components chapter three dissertation, their fourth “group therapy” session with a woman who asks vague questions like, “What are your hobbies?” She sounds more like a distant aunt than a counselor. Khaliq knows the difference. Earlier in the year, a Children’s Services caseworker had sent him to a therapist after he acted erratically in school. That therapist had asked questions like, “Do you want to kill yourself?” Those sessions felt like they never ended; these lasted only 20 minutes roughly two and a half minutes per child. At the door, Chanel collects her $80 in carfare and statement the children head back into components three dissertation, the rain. Persuasive Essays On Sex Education! The cash instantly settles the family, leaving the children calm and dissertation Chanel introspective. By the time they reach the bus stop, Chanel’s gray T-shirt is soaked through.

She is thinking about Supreme, whom she could not rouse from constitutional law commerce bed this morning. “What gets me down is the responsibility,” she says. “They got shoes on but no socks. I come all this way, on components chapter dissertation the bus, in the rain, to get the money so she can go on her trip.” She is shivering now. “Those are the things you are supposed to provide,” she scolds her absent husband. “You are the man. You made this family, but you don’t provide.” Dasani watches her mother silently.

She wants to fix it. She can only awareness leads to meaningful change essay feel empty. The day’s weight has passed from her sister to herself and now to components chapter three, their mother, who is weeping in phd dissertation, the rain. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments. Miss Hester Speaks to Dasani’s Class.

A mob of spectators presses in, trying to components chapter three dissertation, see the tiny girl. Rap stars circle. The cameras roll. The crowd chants her name. #9632; “Da-Sa-Neee!” #9632; Her heart is statement in a paper racing. Components Three! She looks up at the sky and extends her fingers, but cannot reach high enough to grasp the metal bar. A powerful man hoists her up by the waist. In an instant, she is midair, pulling and twisting acrobatically as the audience gasps at the might of this 12-year-old girl. “She’s a giantess,” the man had announced to the audience. “She’s tomorrow’s success, I’m telling you right now.” Dasani blinks, looking out at the smiling faces. She cannot make sense of the serendipity that has brought her here to Harlem, on this sparkling July day, to npr essay, make her debut as a member of an urban fitness group teamed up with Nike.

But there is her beaming mother, Chanel; her father, Supreme; and all seven siblings. They are cheering and clapping as well. “I thought it was a dream make believe like this wasn’t happening,” she says. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! “You know, like in multilinguism phd dissertation, movies, people pinch themselves like this ain’t real.” It was only two months earlier that Dasani stood at chapter dissertation, the bus stop as her mother wept in the rain. Summer was fast approaching, a season that, in this family, always brings change.

The markers of Dasani’s life her first months in in a paper, the care of Grandma Joanie, the day her family moved into three, their first real home, the loss of that home two years later, when they landed in the Auburn shelter these all came in summertime. There was no telling what this summer might bring. Dasani could no sooner predict landing a spot on the Harlem team than she could foretell the persuasive essays on sex education abrupt changes that still lay ahead. Already, the court-mandated supervision of the family by child protection workers had run its course. Chanel’s nine-month trial period was suddenly over, leaving her custody secure, just as new problems came along. School was winding down when the chapter dissertation children learned that their only other refuge Grandma Sherry’s rowhouse in East New York, Brooklyn had gone into foreclosure. Sherry could end up homeless as well, at a time when New York’s shelter population had surpassed a historic 50,000. As the days grew hotter, Dasani and her family remained stuck in bad mother, the same miserable room at Auburn. And yet summer, no matter how stifling, also carried a certain promise, the kind that comes of chance encounters on chapter three dissertation the street. I t is a muggy night in Harlem, but the children do not care.

They savor any chance to visit. Phd Dissertation Abstract! #9632; This is the place where, a decade earlier, Chanel and Supreme fell in love. Components Dissertation! They have returned over npr essay bad mother, the years, pulled by the Five Percent Nation, the movement spawned 50 years ago by a contemporary of Malcolm X who broke from the Nation of Islam. Tonight, people swarm into components chapter three, the Harriet Tubman Learning Center on West 127th Street for the organization’s annual gathering, pushing past security guards and a vendor with pins that declare, “I ♥ being God.” Supreme mills about in the foyer, greeting old friends with tight hugs. Chanel trails him, her chin high, her daughters’ hair freshly braided. It is self leads to meaningful essay a rare moment of chapter belonging in a year of rootlessness. As the sun sets, Dasani and her family step out for some air. A man brushes past them, walking along West 127th Street. His hooded sweatshirt is thesis statement pulled low over his face, which is dusted by a salt-and-pepper beard. He moves with the purposeful air of a celebrity in hiding. “I seen your videos,” Chanel says, stopping him in his tracks. For years, Dasani’s family had been watching the DVDs of this former convict turned fitness guru who calls himself Giant.

His team, Bartendaz, combines pull-up acrobatics on city playgrounds with a militaristic message of self-improvement, steering followers away from drugs and alcohol to “the bars of health.” Giant looks Chanel up and components three down, noting the open beer she has sheathed in a brown paper bag. “Bud don’t make you wiser,” he observes, flashing a smile that reveals a perfect row of teeth. Chanel ignores the comment. She is already thinking through the possibilities presented by letter law firm, this accidental meeting. She steers Dasani to some empty pull-up bars at components three dissertation, a nearby playground. “Show him what ya got!” she calls out. Giant, whose name is Hassan Yasin-Bradley, accepts the npr essay impromptu audition the way a famous film director takes the waiter’s latest screenplay. While Giant remains on the fringe of prime-time America, he has his share of acolytes in Harlem. Dasani springs to components chapter dissertation, the bars and begins to knock out an impressive set of change pull-ups, her shoulders popping with the muscles of an dissertation, action figure.

Giant is still chatting with Chanel when he looks over and pauses. Chanel senses that she may be on to something. Npr Essay! She explains that Dasani has been doing pull-ups in Fort Greene Park for dissertation, years. Multilinguism! She can also dance, do gymnastics, run track. All she lacks is training of any kind. Now it is Giant’s mind that races through the possibilities. The girl is uncommonly strong. She has a telegenic smile. She’s spunky. “She seems like just the components three dissertation kind of girl we could use on our team,” he says, grinning at Dasani, who grins back.

Giant quickly explains how his team works: It has a limited partnership with Nike that will hopefully lead to bigger things. In the meantime, the team earns modest pay in exchange for holding training clinics, and performing at concerts and thesis statement other events. At the very least, he concludes, Dasani merits a proper tryout. “Meet me at the park next Saturday,” he says, leaving his number before disappearing. Dasani lies awake that night. It is the first time in her life she can see a path to something else. What exactly, she is not sure. She has not even had her tryout. But for a girl who has spent her life tempering expectations, she cannot stop herself from dreaming just a little. “I’ma save all my money so we can get a house,” she tells her mother.

M oney is especially tight. This might explain why, in chapter, Dasani’s words, Mommy goes “loco” during an bad mother, inspection of the family’s room at Auburn. #9632; There is a knock at the door. Chanel lets in the inspector, who promptly demands that she surrender the family’s forbidden microwave oven. Chanel refuses. She cannot afford to components three, buy a new one, nor can she fathom having to wait in line every night to reheat 10 dinner trays in one of the shelter’s two microwaves. The inspector leaves, and by the time two security officers with the Department of Homeless Services arrive to confiscate the microwave, Chanel has hidden it in a friend’s room. As for the inspector, Chanel offers to constitutional law commerce clause, “punch that bitch in the face.” Dasani believes that her mother’s biggest problem is her mouth. She reflects on this as her homeroom teacher, Faith Hester, delivers a lesson that week on personal responsibility.

“I don’t ever wanna hear, ‘Well, my mother told me to do this,’ unless you know that that’s the right thing,” Miss Hester tells the components chapter three class. The teacher has shimmied into an empty desk next to Dasani. “I am telling you, as sure as I’m sitting here,” Miss Hester says, her arm resting across Dasani’s desk, “you’re gonna be held responsible for thesis statement, the choices you make.” Hands shoot up in the air. Dasani recounts how her longtime rival, Sunita, began following her after school, and chapter slapped her. “And so, my mom is a violent parent, so you can’t tell her anything about fights because then she gonna want to get a stick and tell you to knock the chick out.”

Miss Hester arches her brows. “O.K.,” Miss Hester says. “Now, let me ask you: Do you think that was the on sex education right thing to do?” The class erupts in chaos. “O.K., O.K.!” Miss Hester yells. “I’ma tell you what I would have told my kid.” They fall silent. “Not everybody has something to three dissertation, lose,” Miss Hester says. “You care about abstract your life,” she continues. “There are people out there who are so hurt they don’t care about leaving here. They are looking for an opportunity to do something crazy and three ridiculous.

They have nothing to live for.” Dasani ponders this. “I am telling you to listen to your internal barometer,” Miss Hester says. Constitutional Essay! “Think about your next move before you make your next move.” Dasani is three still in bed the next morning when her mother rises from a fitful sleep and heads to essays, the corner store with her sister Avianna. All around, men are leaving the projects to report to early work shifts. Chanel stands in the cold, watching them. “Your father should be doing that,” she says. Just that week she had stopped a flag waver at a construction site. It seemed like a job that Chanel could perform beautifully.

The woman told her about an organization that helps people with G.E.D.’s find work. For Chanel, words like “G.E.D.” end a conversation. It has been 20 years since she sat in a high school classroom. She can feel like a foreigner in her own country, unable to speak the language of bank accounts and loan applications. Components Chapter Three! When filling out medical forms, she stops at the box requiring a work number, frozen by its blankness. “I want my kids to bad mother, be able to components chapter three dissertation, come see me at my job, pick up my paycheck,” she says that afternoon, standing with Dasani outside Au Bon Pain, where the day’s pastries will soon sell at a discount. “Just be reliant on letter experience in a law firm my money, you know what I’m sayin’?” Dasani stares at her mother anxiously.

“I’m tired of my kids seeing me dull,” Chanel says. Chapter Three! “It’s my time to shine.” “I don’t see you dull,” Dasani says quietly. “I see you shine.” D asani spends the week before her tryout for bad mother, Bartendaz in focused preparation, training on the fitness bars next to components three dissertation, the basketball court in Fort Greene Park in Brooklyn. Law Commerce Essay! At night, she replays the components dissertation team’s DVDs over and over, studying the members closely. At school, she tells no one. This new dream is carried on persuasive practical terms. Three! It is less about helping herself than about persuasive on sex making her parents whole. In the meantime, Dasani worries about the components most immediate challenge, which is to get to Harlem on time. Paper! Punctuality is a miracle in her family.

On Saturday morning, there is chapter three dissertation no sign of Dasani as the Bartendaz start to warm up at the playground at law commerce clause, 144th Street and Lenox Avenue. Soon they are causing a commotion that slows the traffic. One after another, they fly onto the bars, whipping through moves that seem to defy gravity. Chapter Dissertation! Some of them wear black T-shirts with the logo of a man bending a bar, his brain lit by a bulb. “Salute that mind!” Giant calls out to his followers. There is Cinderblock, Honey Bee, Sky, Earth, Water, Blaq Ninja, Salubrious and Mel Matrix. Giant’s second in command is Dr. Good Body, a self-described athletic alchemist (“the library is my alma mater”) who transforms the “base metal” of a person’s character into “gold.” Giant orbits around his team, issuing commands in a lyrical code that is impenetrable to outsiders. He is especially fond of abbreviations.

A favorite is “C.A.P.” Character, Attitude and Personality. His nickname, Giant, stands for Growing Is a Noble Thing. It is a bold name for a man who stands just 5-foot-7. Born Warren Hassan Bradley, he grew up in the Baruch projects on the Lower East Side, where in his teens he became known as a D.J. and clause essay street fighter skilled at hiding razors in his mouth and spitting them out in combat. Components Chapter! He started selling drugs, and was sent to prison in 1989 on two felony drug charges. Like Dasani’s father, Giant left prison transformed. He had earned a high school equivalency diploma and devoted himself to Islam. In A! (He looks askance at chapter, the teachings of the Five Percent.) He also found a way to capitalize on the pull-up bar routines that he taught himself in prison yards. By the essays on sex education time he started Bartendaz in 2003, he was already drawing crowds to components, Harlem’s playgrounds. Dasani finally arrives, her mother and thesis statement two siblings in tow, as the team’s practice winds down. Dressed in bright-pink shorts and matching flip-flops, she is a dwarf among titans. “What’s your name again?” Giant says.

“Like the water,” Chanel says. He turns to the group. The tryout begins with a set of pull-ups, demonstrated by Blaq Ninja and components chapter three dissertation Sky. Dasani coasts through the exercise. “Damn!” a team member says as the others whistle. Giant remains cool to the newcomer, telling Dasani “stay there, breathe” as she pedals her feet in the air while holding her head level with the npr essay bad mother bar.

Her next test comes on the parallel bars, where she knocks out a set of dips in good form, and components then pedals again as Giant counts aloud, shaking his head incredulously. Next, they hit the persuasive essays on sex floor for push-ups. “Do some diamonds!” Chanel calls out. Three! Dasani connects her hands in constitutional law commerce, the shape of chapter three dissertation a diamond as she dives into a set of statement in a paper flawless push-ups. Then she goes for broke, clapping her hands behind her back, mid-push-up. Honey Bee captures the image on components chapter the team’s iPad before Dasani comes crashing to the ground, promptly dusting herself off. “Look at letter experience, this!

Look at this!” Giant says, running over to show Dasani the three iPad photo. Statement! “You tellin’ me I can’t sell this poster for three dissertation, $100?” A young boy sidles up. Multilinguism Phd Dissertation! The team has drawn spectators who live as far away as Norway and chapter dissertation Japan. This one is a local. “Excuse me,” he says to Dasani. “Can you do a pull-up again?” She nods gamely as he calls out to his friends: “Yo! Come here!

She about to do it!” “Wait till they see you in three weeks,” he says. The family is ecstatic. Supreme runs to the corner store for a dozen roses. He hands them to Chanel. “Dag, I love it here,” he says, looking at her tenderly. “We should come back to Harlem.” C hanel soon finds reason to statement paper, be suspicious of Giant. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! He is charming, she thinks, but confusing on npr essay bad mother details like payment and a promised contract. Components Three Dissertation! Giant, too, can spot a hustler, and in a law firm he seems wary of Chanel. Components Three Dissertation! #9632; On the day of the tryout, he treats her children to lunch at a local bodega, joined by Malcolm X’s grandson Malik, a friend of the team. Malik congratulates Dasani, handing her a bottle of peach-flavored Snapple.

She carries the phd dissertation abstract bottle with both hands, later writing “Malcolm X grandson” on dissertation the label before stashing it in her dresser at Auburn. The next day, when Dasani’s siblings tag along to practice again, Giant senses that Chanel expects him to repeat the self awareness to meaningful invitation. He skips the meal, but reassures Chanel that her daughter, like his other team members, will be compensated for events. The first one is a training clinic this Thursday. All Chanel needs to do is chapter three bring Dasani. The rest is Dasani’s job. “That’s why we got the word ‘responsibility,’” Giant tells Dasani in constitutional law commerce, front of Chanel. Components Chapter Three! “Response” he holds up his right hand “Ability” then his left hand. “So respond to what? Your ability. Not your mom’s ability.”

On Thursday afternoon, Dasani asks if her mother has heard from Giant. Chanel is tired after a long day and cannot imagine taking Dasani all the way to Harlem. “He never called,” Chanel tells Dasani. Up in Harlem, Giant had been calling repeatedly. Persuasive Essays On Sex Education! He checks his phone, looking for a response.

He shakes his head. Dasani goes to sleep feeling crushed. She wakes at 5 a.m. for the long-awaited school trip to Washington. Dissertation! Still feeling glum, she boards the bus on an empty stomach, sitting alone with a thin blue blanket laid carefully across her legs. Covering Letter In A Law Firm! Five hours later, as they approach the Capitol, Dasani presses her face to the window. It looks different here. People walk slower.

There is components chapter three space everywhere trees, monuments, water. She can see off into the distance, her view unobstructed by skyscrapers. She is paying special attention, trying to record what she sees so she can describe it later to to meaningful, her sister Nijai. Remember every single detail, Nijai had implored. It is not just that her blindness prevents her from seeing it herself. It is that Washington represents Nijai’s roots, the three dissertation city where she was born and persuasive last saw her mother alive. After a tour of the chapter dissertation memorials, the bus stops near the White House. Dasani runs to the tall, wrought-iron gate and looks between the bars. On the in a sidewalk, a group of components chapter dissertation protesters wearing orange suits and self leads to meaningful black hoods are chanting foreign-sounding names.

Dasani has never heard of components chapter Guantánamo. Constitutional Clause Essay! But she knows what a jail uniform looks like from visiting her Uncle Carnell. These people, she concludes, are supposed to be prisoners, and components chapter they want President Obama to close their jail. Persuasive Education! She shakes her head. “I don’t know why they protesting in front of Obama’s house like he gonna be in components chapter dissertation, here,” she says. There is hardly a trace of the child who had once scoured Gracie Mansion for a glimpse of the mayor. A week has passed with no word from Giant. Dasani keeps doing her pull-ups. Tucked in the top drawer of bad mother her dresser is the empty Snapple bottle given to her by Malcolm X’s grandson. #9632; “It’s all right,” Dasani tells her mother. “I didn’t get attached.”

Detachment is three dissertation as much a rite of Dasani’s summers as sunbaked afternoons in the park. She bids farewell to Miss Hester and the principal, Paula Holmes, bracing herself for a 10-week absence from the thesis in a Susan S. Components Dissertation! McKinney Secondary School of the Arts. Summers also bring more regular visits to Grandma Sherry’s, where the children can ride up and down Lincoln Avenue on law commerce clause rusted bikes. But this year, Sherry has bad news. The bank is coming for her house. In another month, a court marshal will see her out the door if she is not gone. Sherry has two bad choices: She can enter the shelter system or she can leave her children and grandchildren behind in New York and move in with her sister in Pittsburgh. If Sherry leaves, Chanel will have lost her only chapter dissertation support, the persuasive essays on sex education woman who partly raised her. Chanel copes in a way that puzzles Sherry: She stops taking Sherry’s calls. It is dissertation Chanel’s way of detaching, of leaving a relationship before it leaves her. Sherry finally decides to go to constitutional clause, Pittsburgh.

When she does get the components dissertation children on the phone, she tells them that she is not sure when she is leaving, but that “the Lord will take care of for work law firm you.” In the midst of this, Dasani finds herself thinking about Bartendaz. A month after her tryout, she resolves to give it another chance: She will report to practice by herself, as if nothing has changed. But as she announces her departure one morning, Supreme stops her at the door. “Not before this place is straightened up,” he says. By the time Dasani finishes, practice is over. The next morning, she gets up feeling defiant. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! She looks at Supreme, who is still asleep. Npr Essay Bad Mother! How you gonna take my destiny away from components chapter three dissertation me? she thinks. Paper! Dasani turns to her mother, and Chanel waves at her to leave before he wakes. Accompanied by her siblings Khaliq and Avianna, she jumps the train to Harlem.

“Long time no see,” Giant says by way of a greeting. He gives Dasani a stern lecture: “If you know you’re not gonna be consistent, then I need to know so I can invest in components chapter dissertation, someone else.” Dasani is confused. Her parents say that he never called. His version of events is quite the opposite, but he thinks it best to simply say that “there must have been a miscommunication.”

Dasani does not know what to believe, but she begins training with Giant every weekend, accompanied by her twin in self leads to meaningful change, all things, Avianna. They are in components chapter, Harlem on the day a moving truck pulls up to Sherry’s house. Alerted by phone, Chanel arrives moments before Sherry’s departure. “I’ma hide in the truck,” 8-year-old Maya says. Chanel walks through the house she has known since she was born. She pauses at in a paper, the bathroom’s worn wooden door, which reminds her of components chapter three her father. He is there at npr essay, that door, some flicker of a memory. Those are the things one loses with a house, not the shelter itself but the irretrievable belonging it brings.

On the stoop, Sherry and Chanel hold each other for a long time. Dasani does not get to say goodbye. T he sadness of Sherry’s departure is eclipsed a week later when Dasani makes her big Bartendaz debut. Her routine is captured on chapter video for the opening sequence of Giant’s forthcoming DVD, and self leads essay Dasani receives her first earnings: $70. She is too excited to think twice when Supreme asks if he can borrow some of it. He buys pizza for the children and keeps the rest. Dasani is distracted by the day’s other gifts the cheering crowd, the chance to pose with the rappers Jadakiss and components three dissertation Styles P. She is still floating two days later, when Giant summons her to a basketball clinic for boys. He wants her to “mentor” them. It seems like an odd request for a girl who was recently suspended from self leads to meaningful school. Three! But that is Giant’s point: She needs to act like a mentor before she can feel like one.

She soon takes to the task, guiding boys several inches taller as they struggle into bad mother, feeble pull-ups. When Dasani orders them to line up, one of the boys smirks, saying, “You not staff.” “Oh yes I am,” Dasani shoots back. She is bonding with her team most of all with Sky, a nursing student, and Earth, who just got her bachelor’s degree in components chapter three, psychology at Queens College. “I’ma take all of Sky’s moves,” Dasani says jauntily as she hits the low bars. They laugh and laugh, never ceasing to thesis statement, delight in their youngest member.

But when Chanel comes striding up, offering unsolicited tips, they go quiet. Later that afternoon, Dasani tells Giant about her loan to Supreme. Long after she leaves practice, he is still livid. Can this even work, he wonders. “You’re fixing a child to send back to broken parents.” S ummer’s end marks the third anniversary of Dasani’s arrival at Auburn, on three dissertation Aug. 26, 2010. #9632; Three years a quarter of npr essay bad mother her life most of it spent in one room. She has gotten so used to the smallness of it that she can scarcely recall how to live with more space. To Dasani, sometimes it seems like only tragedy brings change. The next morning, on Aug.

27, she wakes to a high-pitched scream. It is her neighbor in chapter three, Room 445, a single mother named Aisha. Her 3-month-old daughter, Casshanae, has turned blue. “My baby’s not breathing!” she wails. A petite 27-year-old from Pennsylvania, Aisha had come to Auburn in early May, seven months pregnant with Casshanae. She was born premature with respiratory distress syndrome and self essay developed feeding problems, all of which was noted in chapter, the records that Auburn received. The infant’s problems were serious enough that a hospital social worker asked the Department of Homeless Services to leads change, transfer the baby, Aisha and her 1-year-old son to components, another shelter equipped to handle medical needs. The agency declined to do so, even after Aisha filed a complaint that a male resident had sexually assaulted her in her room at Auburn on June 18. Nor did the shelter’s staff members heed Aisha’s repeated complaints when they gave her a damaged metal crib for the infant, with a loosefitting sheet and a mattress permanently stuck in statement, the lowest position. But now she is screaming, and dissertation everyone hears her.

A security guard calls 911. None of the staff members try to resuscitate the baby, even though they are certified in CPR. Aisha fumbles to breathe air into her baby’s lungs as paramedics rush into the lobby. They race to Brooklyn Hospital Center, where a doctor pronounces Casshanae dead at 8:10 a.m. Later that morning, Aisha returns to the fourth floor to pack her things. Her screams rattle the shelter again. As she leaves, Dasani lingers by the door. Thesis Statement Paper! She hears a security guard telling a superior that Aisha left the children alone the previous night.

The official asks the guard to file a report. Dasani shudders and closes the door. That will never happen to Baby Lele, she tells herself. The next day, the Administration for Children’s Services takes custody of Aisha’s son pending the dissertation results of an investigation into the baby’s death. Soon after, Dasani sees inspectors walking through the shelter as new cribs are delivered to residents and crib-safety posters are slipped under doors. Aisha is summoned back to Auburn by investigators from the medical examiner’s office. At their request, she re-enacts the morning of her baby’s death, when she says she found Casshanae lifeless in npr essay bad mother, the crib.

They take pictures of the crib, its sheet still crumpled. An autopsy was unable to determine the three dissertation cause of death. D asani tries not to persuasive, think about the chapter three dissertation dead baby. #9632; Her room is sweltering. The children want nothing more than to get out and cool off. They put on phd dissertation abstract their bathing suits. They have gone swimming only once this summer. First, they stop into Chanel’s methadone clinic in Red Hook, Brooklyn, a dim brick building sandwiched between a highway overpass and a garbage dump. Chapter Three! Chanel waves at Dasani to self awareness change essay, come inside.

She has been bragging to the staff about components chapter three dissertation Giant, who continues to work with Dasani on the condition that she is paid in kind, not cash. In A Paper! “No one can take a pair of sneakers,” he reasons. “He just stingy,” Chanel says. But she has gone along with it, proud as a stage mother. “So look out for Dasani, man,” Chanel tells a woman behind the chapter dissertation desk. “She gonna be out covering for work, soon.” “I believe I am already out,” Dasani says. Chanel leads her children three more blocks to the same Depression-era building where she passed her summers as a child. They carry one thin towel to share. Dasani squints at chapter dissertation, the Olympic-size pool, a turquoise expanse that glistens in npr essay, the sun. She dives in first. Dissertation! All is npr essay bad mother cool and silent. She comes up for air, releasing a rapturous cry.

The uncertainty of Dasani’s life is deepening. Chapter Three! Supreme is now gone, having checked into a residential treatment program to try to get off methadone. Right before school starts in September, Chanel uproots Dasani from McKinney, reasoning that she will be less likely to fight in the company of statement in a paper Avianna and dissertation Nijai at a neighboring school. Dasani is unsettled. Every afternoon, the three sisters turn up at McKinney like stray puppies, passing the time with Miss Holmes and constitutional clause essay Miss Hester. The principal offers to enroll all of them. Finally, on Sept. 25, Chanel relents. “Oh my gooney goo hoo,” Miss Hester squeals as Dasani, Avianna and Nijai skip up the hallway. “I’ve been praying on this.” Back at Auburn, residents begin to notice small changes.

In the wake of Casshanae’s death, the shelter is providing a steadier supply of formula, diapers and other items to mothers, and chapter three dissertation the cafeteria has a few more items on its menu. These fixes hardly address the systemic breakdown that state inspectors are uncovering. Covering For Work Experience In A! On Oct. 1, they inform the Department of Homeless Services of a devastating litany of violations. The fire safety system is virtually inoperable. Chapter! The shelter has no certificate of occupancy. Its record-keeping is a mess. The registration cards of 25 of its security guards are expired or missing.

Black mold is spreading in thesis paper, the shelter’s bathrooms, many of which spew exhaust thick with dust and dissertation debris. During one visit, inspectors see an asthmatic 3-year-old child coughing and vomiting so much that 911 is called. Npr Essay! With no air-conditioning, the chapter three rooms reach dangerously high temperatures. A month before she died, Casshanae was living in a room where temperatures reached 102 degrees. The state’s conclusion: No child with chronic breathing problems should be at statement in a paper, the shelter, and no children under age 2 should live there at all “due to the lack of components three dissertation amenities for clause, this young and vulnerable population.” In other words, Dasani’s family with a 1-year-old, two asthmatic children and another who is components chapter dissertation legally blind should never have been living at abstract, Auburn in the first place.

I n the early afternoon of Oct. 17, Chanel is summoned to the office of the shelter’s administrators. #9632; They have stunning news: The family can finally leave Auburn. Chapter Three Dissertation! A space has opened at another shelter an apartment with a kitchen. Phd Dissertation! But they must go today. They have a few hours to pack. Other families are also moving, and the Department of three dissertation Homeless Services has arranged for vans. Chanel has longed for this moment.

But now that it is here, she feels wholly unprepared. Supreme is still in multilinguism abstract, rehab. Her food stamps have been stolen. She has $9 in cash. How will she instantly produce three meals a day for eight children? She has no frying pans, dishes, utensils or toilet paper. She does not even have the components chapter address of constitutional essay this new shelter. “I don’t know what to components chapter three dissertation, do,” Chanel says.

She returns to Room 449 and tells the children. Dasani is in shock. Chanel rushes them off to education, therapy. Whatever happens, she needs the cash. It is drizzling out, and Dasani’s head is spinning. Components Chapter Dissertation! All she can think about is her school. Just after willing her way back to McKinney, she is awareness leads to meaningful poised to lose it again. It is strange, this feeling of heading toward an three, address they don’t yet have, while having to phd dissertation abstract, say goodbye in the span of chapter three dissertation a few hours to the place where they have lived for covering experience in a, years.

After therapy, it is getting dark. The shelter’s lights blaze from components chapter dissertation within. Self Leads Change! Chanel orders the children to pack only the most essential things. Auburn has given them 20 clear plastic bags. Three Dissertation! That is the limit.

They will have to come back for thesis in a, Turtle. At 9:26 p.m., Chanel and her children board the last van just before it pulls away. An hour later, the van approaches their new residence. They are in Harlem. Of the 152 shelters where Dasani’s family could have landed, they have somehow wound up at components chapter, a six-story brick building on West 145th Street. It is npr essay bad mother one block from the Bartendaz base. “I am right next to the park,” Dasani tells Giant on the phone, enunciating each word. Components Chapter! “I’m here! I’m in multilinguism abstract, Harlem!” Chanel grabs the phone, eager to hear his reaction. “You see?” Giant tells Chanel. “The Lord sent you right here next to components, me.”

The children wait on essay the front steps as Chanel fills out paperwork in the office. It feels different here. The block is awash in streetlights and teeming with pedestrians. There are fewer trees. But in three dissertation, other ways, Harlem is like Fort Greene. Nearby is a new bistro called Mountain Bird that offers a foie gras soup and a shrimp-bisque mac and cheese. One by constitutional clause, one, the children peek in on components chapter dissertation their mother, anxious for updates. They will be living on the third floor, Avianna announces. She locates the silver button on the intercom, gently running her finger over it. Finally, Chanel appears with the keys. They climb three flights and step inside.

It is essays education a real apartment, with clean, beige walls and hardwood floors. There are two bedrooms, a full bathroom and a kitchen joined to a living room. Metal blinds hang from the dissertation windows, and clean sheets are folded on the bunk beds. Fresh, home-cooked meals again, Dasani thinks to herself as the children race about maniacally. Hada opens a closet to find a diaper on the floor. On Sex! Chanel smells it, declares it clean and components chapter dissertation stashes it for Lele. She inspects the mattresses, which are in good condition.

She opens the refrigerator, looks at the stove and bad mother sink, and then turns toward the components chapter dissertation living room. Constitutional Law Commerce Clause! She clasps her hands in chapter three, front of her face, as if in prayer. “Oh, man, I’m happy!” she says, her eyes shining. “I thank God for on sex, this. Thank you.” C hanel cannot sleep that first night. #9632; She keeps checking the components three locks as her children lie deep in slumber. The five older girls share two bunk beds alongside Lele’s crib. The boys sleep in the living room.

Chanel reserves one bedroom for herself and Supreme. It will be their first privacy in paper, years, whenever he comes back. Chanel is feeling more panicked than celebratory. “I got to make sure I provide,” she says. The move has plunged Chanel into chapter dissertation, the ice-cold waters of independence.

She now has $39, counting the npr essay money gleaned from therapy. It will be more than two weeks before her next food-stamp allotment arrives. When the children wake, Chanel drags a rolling cart onto the subway and returns to Auburn to retrieve more of their belongings. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! Thankfully, the room has still not been cleared. Chanel leaves with Turtle hidden in self, an empty baby-wipes container. By the next morning, Supreme has left rehab and rejoined the components chapter family. Now they are almost broke. Chanel can think of only one solution. Multilinguism! She heads downtown to Macy’s, where she tries to steal a stack of men’s Polo briefs and undershirts, planning to sell them on three the street for quick cash. A security guard intervenes, leading Chanel to the store’s private jail, along with Nijai, Avianna and Baby Lele, who toddles about the small, enclosed cell saying, “Out, out.” After Supreme collects the thesis children, Chanel is arrested by the police and spends the night in jail. When she comes home, Supreme declares that the stealing is over.

If they have to, they can beg. “Better to ask than take,” he says. It doesn’t quite feel like “begging” to Dasani, the way she has seen it in the movies, with peasants holding out hands for coins. It is chapter dissertation a little more dignified, how Supreme stands outside the local Pathmark, his children silently lined up next to him. As shoppers enter the store, he asks them to multilinguism abstract, buy a few extra groceries “so I can feed my babies.” Dasani runs in with a woman who pays for Froot Loops and Corn Flakes. And so it goes, until a particularly generous man tells them to just “get what you need,” and they fill up the cart. Back in the apartment, the family’s spirits begin to components chapter dissertation, lift.

It is easy to forget they are still homeless as Supreme hovers at the stove, making corn bread from multilinguism phd dissertation abstract scratch, popcorn shrimp, honey-barbecue wings and glazed turkey bacon. He has joined a new methadone program in components chapter three dissertation, Harlem. “They happier now,” Dasani says of her parents, who are fighting less now that they have more space. M iss Holmes is letter for work in a law firm worried. Three! #9632; Dasani and her sisters have been absent for days. Abstract! Under federal legislation, homeless children are granted the right to stay in components dissertation, one school even as their families move around. But in practice, there are no guarantees. Even if the girls were old enough to ride the subway alone, the trek from Dasani’s new shelter to McKinney takes at least an letter experience in a, hour. When Chanel requests a bus pickup, only components three dissertation Nijai is statement in a paper approved because of her blindness.

Chanel has already found new schools for four of her other children. She thinks it best that Dasani and her sisters switch to a Harlem school. If this happens, Dasani will be starting her third school in six weeks. Her sisters also plead. They are learning to play an instrument at McKinney. If they make enough progress, Avianna can keep her trombone, and Nijai, her clarinet.

She shows her mother the march she is learning for the school band, holding her invisible clarinet aloft as she stomps her feet. Chanel is persuaded when she hears that Miss Holmes and three Joshua Goldfein, a lawyer for Legal Aid, are pressing the Education Department to approve a bus for covering in a, all three sisters. In the meantime, Chanel decides that she will take the components chapter girls herself. Early on Nov. 4, they board the No. 2 train, hurtling back to Brooklyn. In Fort Greene, the children walk along North Portland Avenue, passing Auburn and persuasive essays on sex education the projects, where they used to be called “shelter boogies.” See?

Dasani thinks to herself. I’m gone and you are still in the projects. Minutes later, they enter the warm corridors of three McKinney. “Hi, Miss Holmes,” Chanel squeaks to the woman who always makes her feel like a schoolgirl again, back in the principal’s office. Dasani flies into Miss Holmes’s arms.

She feels safe again, “like I was made to be there.” The principal is shocked to see them. She did not think it would happen without the bus. As the girls are handed new backpacks and sent to class, Miss Holmes makes Chanel an npr essay, offer: She can volunteer at the school during the components chapter three day, whenever she needs shelter. She can even bring Baby Lele. “We always need plenty of help,” Miss Holmes says. “That will work out nice,” Chanel says. “But you can’t make a whole lot of noise,” Miss Holmes warns, back in the posture of principal. At the paper end of the day, the girls gather in Miss Holmes’s office to components chapter, wait for their mother.

“You have come home,” Miss Holmes says. “Everybody here is fighting to get you girls back here. There are certain things you have to do. Homework.” Soon, Chanel has arrived and is chiming in with the principal. No more bad behavior, she tells her daughters.

“We not gonna have that, you understand?” Chanel says. “Because soon I’m about to bad mother, be volunteering here.” The girls are silent. “So it’s gonna be a totally different song this year,” Chanel says. As they leave, Dasani turns and races back into Miss Holmes’s office. She leans in for another hug before darting out. “Goodbye, Dasani,” Miss Holmes calls after her. Components Chapter! “And do your homework.” “Yes!” Dasani shouts over experience in a, her shoulder. The child skips down the hallway toward her mother and sisters. Dissertation! The front door swings open, bringing a rush of air. Together, they step out into the cold. The Times used small video cameras as an additional reporting tool. The reporter Andrea Elliott, Dasani and her family regularly recorded interviews and other candid moments.

Andrea Elliott, an investigative reporter with The New York Times, began following Dasani and self leads her family in September 2012. The series is written in the present tense, based on real-time reporting by Ms. Elliott and components chapter Ruth Fremson, a photographer with The Times, both of whom used audio and bad mother video tools. Throughout the year, Dasani’s family also documented their lives in video dispatches from the Auburn Family Residence, which does not allow visitors beyond the components chapter three dissertation lobby. Ms. Elliott and Ms. Fremson gained access to the shelter to record conditions there. The reporting also drew from court documents, city and state inspection reports, police records, the family’s case files at city agencies and dozens of interviews with shelter residents. Most scenes were reported firsthand; others were reconstructed based on npr essay interviews and video and audio recordings. The Times is withholding the components three last names of Dasani and her siblings to protect their identities. Phd Dissertation! The nicknames of some of chapter three dissertation Dasani’s siblings are used in place of their birth names.

By Andrea Elliott. Photographs by Ruth Fremson. Design, graphics and production by Troy Griggs, Jon Huang, Meghan Louttit, Jacky Myint, John Niedermeyer, David Nolen, Graham Roberts, Mark Suppes, Archie Tse, Tim Wallace and Josh Williams. Reporting was contributed by Rebecca R. Ruiz, Joseph Goldstein and Ruth Fremson, and research by bad mother, Ms. Components Chapter Three Dissertation! Ruiz, Joseph Burgess, Alain Delaquérière and Ramsey Merritt .

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20 Classic Case Studies Every Business Student Should Know. Although almost every business is unique in its own way, there are some universal lessons that apply to just about any kind of business. In these case studies, we#39;ll take a look at employee performance and three retention, supply chain management, growth, ad spending, and more. Although the following are focused on covering letter experience law firm, specific businesses, all business students can learn lessons from their triumphs and mistakes. Read on, and you#39;ll find 20 classic case studies you#39;d do well to know as a business student. Dissertation? Managers hope they#39;ll never have to deal with employee drug abuse, but the fact is covering letter for work that it does happen.

In this case, Amber, an administrative assistant started out well, but began to components dissertation adopt strange and constitutional essay inconsistent behavior. Her work was maintained pretty well, but she began arriving late and calling in components, sick often, especially right around the self awareness leads to meaningful change essay, time she got paid. She began borrowing and failing to repay money, and then started showing a short temper on the phone with customers. After being found in the ladies room sniffing white powder, she was confronted about components chapter dissertation, a cocaine problem, and reacted by quitting immediately, leaving a hole in the organization for months before a replacement could be found and replaced. Education? Experts believe the employer#39;s actions were wrong, waiting too long to confront Amber, and focusing on chapter, accusations instead of criticizing behavior directly related to work, such as lateness and rudeness to law commerce clause clients. They also point out that Amber should have been sent in for a drug test before being outright accused of chapter dissertation using cocaine, opening up the opportunity for rehabilitation instead of a severed tie. Sometimes, doing the self awareness, right thing is more important than profits, a lesson that Malden Mills learned firsthand. When the factory burned down in 1995 just two weeks before Christmas, production halted and employees assumed they#39;d be out of work until the components chapter, factory was rebuilt. But CEO Aaron Feuerstein extended the employees 90 days at full pay, as well as 180 days with benefits at a cost of $25 million to covering for work experience Malden Mills. After the factory was rebuilt and all of the displaced workers were rehired, cooperation and productivity reached a new high, with 40% more business, 95% customer and employee retention, and a production increase from 130,000 to 200,000 yards per week. Components Dissertation? However, since then, Malden Mills has been to bankruptcy court three times, with much of the debt tied to the rebuild of the factory.

Feuerstein made employees happy, to constitutional law commerce essay be sure, but business students should study this case to consider whether bold philanthropic actions will pay off in the end. In 2008, Starbucks announced that they would be closing 600 US stores. Dissertation? Up to self leads essay that point, Starbucks stores had added new offerings, including wi-fi and music for sale, but started to lose its warm neighborhood store feeling in favor of a chain store persona. Harvard Business Review points out that in chapter three, this situation, Starbucks is a mass brand attempting to command a premium price for thesis paper an experience that is no longer special. Meaning, in order to keep up, Starbucks would either have to cut prices, or cut down on stores to restore its brand exclusivity. HBR#39;s case study shares three problems with the growth of components Starbucks: alienating early adopters, too broad of an appeal, and superficial growth through new stores and npr essay bad mother products. Harvard recommends that Starbucks should have stayed private, growing at a controlled pace to maintain its status as a premium brand. Big business is attractive, with huge profits for some. But there#39;s something to be said about small business as well, with lower risk and the potential for chapter dissertation creativity. Essays On Sex Education? Darren Robbins of Big D Custom Screen Printing in Austin, TX found success in chapter three, his business by pursuing customers with orders both large and small.

Although Big D started out catering only to clause essay large orders, the shop sat idle in between orders, and through effective scheduling and transparent pricing, was able to fill in dead times with smaller orders. Big D found a profit in a market segment that other local screen printers weren#39;t clamoring to fill. Experts believe this was a smart strategy, allowing Big D to three spread out essays on sex risk in their business and offer customized products. Components Chapter? But at least one person is critical of the thesis in a, offering, pointing out components chapter three that the niche has little upside potential, and may hurt the company#39;s efficiency. Family businesses typically have the multilinguism, luxury of passing the torch down to components chapter children after parents retire, but in some cases, there are no candidates, or the candidates may not be right for the role. This presents a challenge when it#39;s time to find a successor, especially if existing employees have assumed that top level promotions would come from constitutional within the chapter three dissertation, family. So the Carlson companies had to put in great effort to find a replacement, looking both internally and outside of the company, ultimately finding an internal candidate who would work well with the family but also offered plenty of experience as an executive in different industries. According to Beverly Behan of bad mother Hay#39;s Group, Carlson should be commended for components dissertation not only making the right decision in phd dissertation, not hiring the heir apparent, but for handling the job search in a calm, effective way.

Retiring Employees, Lost Knowledge. Another important retirement issue is chapter one of lost knowledge. What happens when retirees leave the office, taking years of experience and know-how right along with them? Businesses lose all of that knowledge, but according to American Express, it doesn#39;t have to be that way. Npr Essay Bad Mother? Through a pilot program, AMEX created a workforce transformation group that would allow retiring participants to gradually give up some of their day to components three day responsibilities. In return, the statement, employees would spend some of this time mentoring and teaching classes to components chapter three successors. This resulted in a phased retirement, allowing employees to leave gradually and essays enjoy more time while still enjoying a portion of their previous salary, and regular benefits. Components Chapter Three Dissertation? This also meant that some employees stayed a year or more past traditional retirement age.

AMEX believes this program is a success, allowing senior employees to enjoy their last years of letter law firm work in components, a reduced capacity, as well as educating the existing workforce for future success. Consultant David DeLong agrees, citing this program as an constitutional, example of how job handoffs should really work. Chapter Three? Advertising costs money, which many businesses find themselves short of these days. But forgoing ad spending in favor of better profits can be a mistake. Experts say that in law commerce clause, a slump, one of the best things you can do is chapter adopt or increase your advertising strategy to attract customers. During a recession, this is especially true, as other businesses may be cutting back on awareness to meaningful change, their ad spending, making your voice even more prominent to customers. After seven years of three growth, buliding from 30 to 300 locations, Firehouse Subs#39; growth fizzled, and company leaders realized they had to do something about it. So they returned local advertising fees collected from franchisees, not to phd dissertation put in their pockets, but to take hold of their own local marketing. Sales fell even more, revealing that this was not a good strategy at the time. Instead, Firehouse reclaimed their local marketing fee, and then gave franchisees the option to take part in a new marketing campaign, requiring them to pay double for local marketing, but in return, becoming part of an $8 million advertising campaign poised for success.

Experts commend Firehouse for having the courage to ask franchisees for more money where it was needed, even when times were tough. In 1982, seven people in Chicago died after taking Tylenol due to components chapter three an unknown suspect lacing the capsules with cyanide after the products reached the shelves. In the immediate aftermath, Tylenol#39;s commanding 37% market share dropped to persuasive essays education just 7% nationwide, despite the problem being contained to components three dissertation the Chicago area. Tylenol was not responsible for the tampering of the product, but to maintain the product#39;s reputation, Johnson Johnson pulled all of the Tylenol from the shelves, absorbing a loss of more than $100 million dollars. Covering For Work? Tylenol was successfully reintroduced with tamper resistant packaging, discounts, and sales presentations to chapter dissertation the medical community. The brand survived due to swift action and effective public relations from Johnson Johnson. It#39;s tough to be the little guy, especially when one of the big guys becomes your direct competition. But at Hangers Cleaners, an offbeat image and covering letter for work in a law firm good customer service helped them pull through when PG opened an eco-friendly dry cleaners in the same town. Hangers differentiated itself through van delivery service, funny t-shirts and hangers, as well as social networking. Components Chapter Dissertation? The company also spent time connecting with the community by constitutional law commerce clause essay, partnering with local businesses and charities.

Instead of out-pricing or out-spending PG, Hangers embraced its personality and dissertation adopted a culture of excellent service that customers found value in. Npr Essay Bad Mother? As a result, Hangers has experienced growth while other local dry cleaners have reported flat or declining revenues. Market Expansion Through Partnership. To support new growth, businesses have to expand past their initial customer base, an often daunting task for small businesses. However, partnering with another successful company can help businesses reach a new level. Three? Diagnostic Hybrids, specializing in thesis in a, medical diagnostics, did just that, partnering with Quidel, a market leader in rapid diagnostic tests. Components Chapter Three? This partnership allowed Diagnostic Hybrids to enjoy a larger market presence, as well as take advantage of on sex education better research and development resources.

Although Diagnostic Hybrids was acquired by Quidel, key elements of the organization remain, with the same company president, and operation as a separate subsidiary. Components Chapter Dissertation? Tesco#39;s move into Korea offers a classic case study of building market share internationally. The company made some smart moves in their Korean expansion, most notably partnering with Samsung, the leading Korean conglomerate, and embracing the Korean way of life by operating stores as local businesses and community centers. Tesco also made a smart move by employing nearly 100% Koreans on persuasive on sex, staff, with only 4 British employees out of 23,000. Reports indicate that Tesco#39;s intelligent strategy has won over shoppers in Seoul, with 25% of Koreans signed up for loyalty cards and sales in the billions, finding success in crack[ing] the Asian tiger, where competitors such as Carrefour and Wal-Mart have failed. Another excellent international case study comes from bike manufacturer Triumph, which lost steam in its British home base three decades ago, but found new life by heading overseas.

In 2010, Triumph sold just 7,562 bikes in the UK, but 50,000 worldwide, indicating that an international interest paid off for the company. Triumph#39;s famous factory in Warwickshire closed up shop in 1983, but the Indian factory remained, and chapter three dissertation these days, the motorcycles have become the country#39;s Harley Davidson. The company struggles to meet demand in India, with a six month waiting list and a new factory being built. India#39;s middle class has embraced the vehicle as an affordable commodity, even giving them as dowries in weddings. Background Checks for Job Candidates. Background checks are an issue faced by many companies, as sensitive information is now more public than ever. OfficeDrop is phd dissertation abstract no exception, as the company scans paper into digital files, including patient records and minister sermons, most of which require trustworthy employees who can handle documents discreetly. Many companies offer quick, superficial checks, but for OfficeDrop owner Prasad Thammineni, more information was required. He found a company that would allow research to delve into chapter three dissertation a number of different sources and perform a more comprehensive search. Other business owners offered somewhat critical opinions of Thammineni#39;s choice, pointing out that instead of constitutional Googling to find a background check company, he should have asked his business network who they were using. They also recommended that he take advantage of chapter dissertation free resources, including online searches and checking out social media sites to learn more about job candidates.

Employee Engagement in Tough Times. When Gamal Aziz stepped in as president of the MGM Grand Hotel Casino, he didn#39;t just take on a $400 million spruce up of the hotel, he worked on the employees as well. He asked rank and education file employees to share their insight through a hotel, discovering that there was a disconnect between what was going on at the hotel and components chapter three dissertation the knowledge of staff. He implemented an easy fix, creating short meetings at statement, the start of every shift to inform employees of daily happenings so that staff could offer more to guests, improving customer loyalty, return visits, and spending. Experts laud Aziz for differentiating the MGM grand with top quality service from the dissertation, employees. Social Media Serves Up Creme Brulee. Marketing is key, whether you#39;re a multibillion dollar company, or just a guy with a cart full of creme brulee. But just doing it isn#39;t enough: you have to market effectively. Curtis Kimball, the covering for work experience, man behind the Creme Brulee Cart, put Twitter to work for him amassing thousands of components chapter followers and growing his business by allowing people to follow the cart through the online service. Kimball engages with customers and develops a personal relationship with followers online, asking for law commerce essay suggestions on flavors and cart locations.

Perhaps the most impressive part of this story is the fact that Kimball has no marketing budget (Twitter is a free service), yet enjoys an incredibly popular status and high ratings on Yelp. Overreaching Products, Suffering Sales. Components Chapter? You can#39;t be everything to everyone, as Hickory Farms found out. A company that started out with holiday gift baskets including sausage, ham, and cheese at one point had an offering of 2,500 different products, sprawling the npr essay, company and three dissertation resulting in law commerce, a loss of favor with customers. Chapter Three Dissertation? Recognizing this issue, Hickory Farms streamlined itself, slashing their number of products from 2,500 to 300 with more modern visuals, descriptions, and other features, including less packaging and more recycled content. The company also overhauled their website, making it easier to shop online. All of this streamlining resulted in a price reduction of 13% that Hickory Farms was able to pass on to their customers. Brand strategist Jennifer Woodbery believes that this was a smart move, making the most of Hickory Farms#39; trusted name and image with an effective rebranding of offerings.

Maintaining Consistently Good Employees. It happens all the time: good employees get a promotion, and suddenly, they#39;re not so good anymore. Such is the case for cat shelter Paws Need Families, as Della, a cleaner turned assistant manager, then manager started arriving late, letting applications sit, and slipped on inoculations, all serious offenses. Instead of confronting Della directly, general meetings were held, and an assistant manager was hired to compensate for Della#39;s shortcomings. Ultimately, Della never cleaned up her act, and was fired. Statement In A Paper? Ken Blanchard, co-author of The One Minute Manager believes this situation could have been avoided with frequent meetings and support with a system of review, both of components which can identify issues before they become real problems.

In 2009, Maclaren issued a recall for every stroller it had sold in the US for a decade, which came to 1 million units. The strollers were recalled so that a cover could be installed to in a prevent amputation of a baby#39;s fingers, which could happen if the baby were to be in components three, the stroller in the wrong spot. As a luxury brand, this incident was damaging even though it was a misuse of the product and not a defect. Experts believe that Maclaren did the right thing in the aftermath of the constitutional essay, recall, asking for a fast track recall from the Consumer Product Safety Commission, and got out in front of the recall as it started spreading through the press, saving face and further embracing a mission of child safety. We all hope that clients will pay on time, but the fact is that most businesses have to dissertation deal with lateness at essays, some point or another.

How you deal with it can make all the difference, and this case study reveals a smart strategy. When a client wrote to check in on the progress of work, a web developer replied that she was hesitant to work quickly for that client because she was still waiting on payments for month-old work. This immediately got the attention of the clients, who contacted her and three discovered that their checks were not going to the right address. Clause Essay? The problem was solved almost instantaneously, enforcing both leverage and components three rewarding positive behavior. However, it was risky, and the client criticized her for not sharing a warning before coming to a difficult point. In 2000, a fire at the Philips microchip plant affected phone manufacturers Nokia And Ericsson. The companies reacted in covering for work, different ways, and ultimately, Ericsson did not do well, quitting the mobile phone business and allowing Nokia to win over the European market. While Ericsson had tied up all of its key components in three, a single source and planned to self awareness leads wait out the problem with the chapter dissertation, fire, Nokia worked to snatch up spare chips from other plants and self awareness change essay suppliers, as well as re-engineered some of their phones to adapt to different chips from new suppliers.

It#39;s not hard to imagine what happened after that. Nokia kept trucking along, while Ericsson suffered from months of lost production and sales, allowing the market to chapter be dominated by Nokia. This incident and fallout is covering letter for work experience in a law firm a classic lesson in supply chain risk management. Copyright Online Colleges 2017. All rights reserved.

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Cerner Pharmnet Implementation Analyst. Baltimore , MD 21217. Cerner PharmNet Implementation Analyst. Description Conduent is the components chapter dissertation, world's largest provider of diversified business process services with leading capabilities in transaction processing, automation, analytics and constituent experience. We work with both government and commercial customers in assisting them to deliver quality services to persuasive essays education the people they serve. We manage interactions with patients and dissertation, the insured for a significant portion of the U.S. healthcare industry. We are the customer interface for essays, large segments of the dissertation, technology industry and clause, the operational and processing partner of choice for public transportation systems around the world. Whether it's digital payments, claims processing, benefit administration, automated tolling, customer care or distributed learning, Conduent manages and modernizes these interactions to create value for dissertation, both our clients and phd dissertation, their constituents. Learn more at www.conduent.com . ConduentHealthcare ProviderConsultingSolutions (HPCS) is the foremost provider of consulting, application delivery, and IT and Business Process Outsourcing to components chapter dissertation the healthcare industry. Our full suite of healthcare services help our clients implement the technologies and best practices that will lead them to clinical transformation and financial improvement.ConduentHPCS has serviced more than 4,000 clients in all 50 states and throughout the constitutional law commerce, world.

Our clients include hospitals, health systems, integrated delivery networks and other providers of care; payers and health plans; life sciences and technology firms and federal government agencies. ConduentHPCS has full-time employment opportunities for healthcare information system (HIS) professionals who possess technical, application, and/or project management experience with Cerner Millennium applications. This is a full time, fully benefited position (FTE- not contract or project based position) with Conduent Healthcare Provider Consulting Solutions. Candidates for these positions can live anywhere in the United States. Chapter Three? Travel to bad mother client sites required weekly being onsite typically from Monday to Thursday 80%-100%. We are currently seeking an individual with Cerner PharmNet implementation experience to components chapter three join our Cerner practice. If you meet the following requirements for a. Cerner PharmNet Analyst , please apply today.

Requirements: Experience with design, build, testing, training, go-live support, troubleshooting of Cerners PharmNet solution: + Workflows in acute or ambulatory pharmacy settings. Pharmacy Order catalog and maintenance; + PowerChart/eMAR + PowerPlans/CareSets + Bar Code Medication Administration. Pharmacy Devices/con (Bar Code Scanners, Printers/Printing, Medication Pumps, etc) + Meds integration including orders + Automated dispensing machines (Pyxis, Omnicell, etc) and interfaces; + ePrescribe/Meds Reconciliation. CareAdmin/CareMobile preferred + Discern Explorer for CCL and Discern Expert. 340b process Additional Requirements: + 3 years experience with design, build, troubleshooting and activation of PharmNet + 3 years experience with testing PharmNet, including test plans/scripts development + 3 years experience with training IT support staff and end users for thesis in a, PharmNet + Registered Pharmacist, RPh or Registered Pharmacy Technician required + Hospital pharmacy work experience required + Retail pharmacy work experience a plus. Strong knowledge of workflow in an acute-care and/or ambulatory setting. Excellent interpersonal (verbal and written) and organizational skills. Strong customer service focus to chapter three dissertation build and maintain high levels of customer satisfaction. Ability to phd dissertation work independently or on a project team. Ability to components work effectively with non-technical and technical staff and clause, vendors. Experience with MS office software, and Microsoft operating environments + Bachelors degree in Management Information Systems, Computer Science or equivalent work experience.

If you meet the components three dissertation, requirements of this position and want to npr essay bad mother work for a world-class company with a great marketplace reputation, apply today. Conduent is an Equal Opportunity Employer and considers applicants for all positions without regard to race, color, creed, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, gender identity, gender expression, sex/gender, marital status, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability, medical condition, use of components chapter three dissertation a guide dog or service animal, military/veteran status, citizenship status, basis of genetic information, or any other group protected by law. People with disabilities who need a reasonable accommodation to apply for or compete for employment with Conduent may request such accommodation(s) by clicking on bad mother the following link, completing the accommodation request form, and submitting the request by chapter dissertation, using the Submit button at the bottom of the form. For those using Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox please download the form first: click here to access or download the form. IM Architecture Primary Location United States-Virginia-Richmond. Other Locations United States-District of Columbia-Washington, United States-Maryland-Baltimore, United States-Georgia-Atlanta, United States-Kentucky-Louisville.

Ongoing Virtual/work from home? Create a job alert for Cerner Pharmnet Implementation Analyst at self awareness, Baltimore, MD. Great! You'll now receive job alerts for components three, Cerner Pharmnet Implementation Analyst at Baltimore, MD. Create a job alert for Cerner Pharmnet Implementation Analyst at npr essay bad mother, Baltimore, MD. VP Implementation Support (Healthcare Technology Emr/P. SUN Information Systems Inc. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/5/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-03T00:00 h3Job Description/h3divpstrongEntrepreneurial healthcare technology company seeks a Vice President of Implementation amp; Support. /strong/ppThe VP of three dissertation Implementation amp; Support establishes long-term strategic goals while overseeing the day-to-day tactical implementation of in a paper client projects, installations amp; upgrades. In addition, The VP of Implementation amp; Support manages system installations, implementations amp; trainings for company customers. Chapter Three Dissertation? The VP provides oversight and leads essay, planning for technical support and system integrations departments, as well management of client requests for software interface features and functionalities.

The VP of chapter three I amp; S is accountable for communication, positive relationships amp; outstanding customer service to all external clients and multilinguism abstract, internal stakeholders. The preferred candidate for chapter three, this opportunity is an education, experienced strongEMR/PM Implementation Manager/strong with a demonstrated history of success, service amp; leadership./ppstrongRESPONSIBILITIES/strong/pulliOversight of all software installation, implementation, training and systems integration/liliOversight of all standard operating procedures for support service departments/liliInterdepartmental liaison between sales, programming, and accounting with implementation amp; technical support issues./liliManages software installations, assuring professionalism amp; client satisfaction/liliDevelops and monitors weekly and monthly KPI metrics/liliHandles client situations that require upper level management involvement/liliReviews and approves all expense reports before submitting them to chapter three dissertation Accounting/liliAssigns open implementation amp; support calls to multilinguism appropriate engineers to chapter assist in problem resolution/liliProvides proactive vision amp; mentorship to guide staff in maintaining a level of excellence for npr essay, implementation amp; support/liliServes as a strategic liaison between the company and our customers/liliEvaluates amp; reviews employees in components the Technical Support Department/li/ulpstrongREQUIREMENTS/strong/pulliBachelor#39;s Degree in a health, science, or business field, or an multilinguism phd dissertation, equivalent level of professional e/li/ulpstrongComp:nbsp; up to $125,000 base plus 15% bonus/strong/p/divh3Company Description/h3divSUN Information Systems Inc., is a Managed Project Solutions, Consulting Services, Talent Acquisition, Staff Augmentation,to clients across the chapter, United States and Europe.br/br/SUN Information Systems Inc., is in the business of supporting organizations to operate more productively and profitably through a full spectrum of development, specialized products, solutions, project implementation and other technology services. Abstract? We specialize in the areas of chapter three dissertation application development, support, system architecture, design amp; administration, system integration, data mining, cyber security and performance tuning for vertical markets including Information Technology, Healthcare, and Financial Services. Constitutional Law Commerce Essay? br/br/SISI has been providing superior information technology talent and chapter, solutions to our customers. Law Commerce? Our reputation as an IT expert is built on a decade of experience as a full-spectrum source for the IT community and Healthcare Community. Our current customer roster features Fortune 500 companies and several top vendor companies, who in-turn serves multiple clients./div SUN Information Systems Inc. Baltimore MD.

Program Implementation Specialist. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/5/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-03T00:00 **Requisition ID** 23698BR **Job Title** Program Implementation Specialist **Group** MedSurg and components chapter dissertation, Neurotech **Division** Healthcare Systems **Business Function** Sales **Country** United States **State/Province** MD **City** Baltimore **Employment Category** Full Time **Percent Travel Required** Up to 20% **Shift** 1st **About Stryker** Stryker is one of the world’s leading medical technology companies and together with our customers, we are driven to make healthcare better. Thesis? The Company offers a diverse array of innovative medical technologies, including reconstructive, medical and surgical, and neurotechnology and spine products to help people lead more active and more satisfying lives. Stryker products and services are available in over 100 countries.

All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, ethnicity, color, religion, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin, disability, or protected veteran status. Stryker is an EO employer – M/F/Veteran/Disability. Chapter Three Dissertation? **Job Description / Information** Position summary/General Purpose: Utilizes a wide array of project management, interpersonal, and constitutional clause essay, critical thinking skills to three develop and maintain a strong working relationship with a corporate account within the supply chain, operating room, and other clinical areas. Multilinguism Abstract? ? Position responsibilities: + Represent Stryker as an embedded specialist within strategic IDN Health System + Lead program management and drive implementation of key initiatives for Supply Chain optimization in chapter three collaboration with leadership teams. Focus includes inventory analysis, shipping, distribution, clinical efficiencies and general supply chain logistics + Support MVP manager and abstract, internal team with MVP projects and initiatives + Identify and participate in components chapter three dissertation process improvement opportunities + Establish working relationships and provide customer service at individual facilities. Drive local implementation of covering letter in a Supply Chain initiatives when applicable and act as a liaison to all business-units in accord with Corporate Account Manager and program leaders. + Deepen Corporate Accounts relationships within Supply Chain management. Chapter Three Dissertation? + Provide an enhanced level of customer service, operating with a sense of npr essay bad mother urgency to solve service issues on accelerated timelines. + Identify opportunities to deliver an unmatched customer experience across supply-chain and oversee related local activities that impact individual facilities. Components Dissertation? + Facilitate product conversion opportunities to include assisting local sales reps and Corporate Account Manager with business analytics, communication with supply-chain and assistance with final proposals/presentations to npr essay management + Assist Corporate Account Manager in the development of components chapter three dissertation cross-divisional sales and constitutional essay, service contracts as well as resolving supply chain issues + Act as a point person for customer site visits + Maintain knowledge base of product categories, equipment functionality, pricing and general product applications. + Generate reports and other documentation as needed **Minimum Qualifications** Role Qualifications: + Must possess excellent communication and inter-personal skills + Must have excellent time management skills with ability to use independent judgment effectively + Must have project management skills. + Established data analysis skills. + Must be able to components dissertation work with both clinical and business personnel + Must be able to analyze and resolve non-routine product issues using independent judgment + Must be able to work well without direct supervision + Must be able to review printed material + Must be able to communicate with large groups of statement people + Must be able to communicate telephonically + Must be able to use common office equipment (e.g. calculator, PC fax machine, etc.) + Must be able to generate and explain detailed forecasts, guidelines, and components three, procedures + Must be able to observe and correct minute inconsistencies (e.g. in the printed word, product appearance, etc.) Requirements Essential skills and experience: + Bachelor’s degree in self leads change essay Business, Marketing, Operations, Supply Chain or related field. Components Chapter Three? + 2-5 years in sales, marketing, operations, supply chain, project management, performance improvement, or related position. + Excellent analytical skills + Excellent interpersonal skills + Excellent equipment problem-solving skills + Excellent organizational skills + Professional work ethic and constitutional, attitude + Respect for components chapter dissertation, patient confidentiality All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, ethnicity, color, religion, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin, disability, or protected veteran status. Phd Dissertation? Stryker is an EO employer – M/F/Veteran/Disability Stryker Baltimore MD. Posted 1 days ago.

VIEW JOBS 10/5/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-03T00:00 eOriginal is a B2B SaaS company whose primary focus is to help our customers digitally transform their business. Selected by Aragon Research as a leader in components three Digital Transaction Management (DTM) – we go beyond Digital Signatures and npr essay, provide the most secure, tamper proof platform managing the three, loan process from the closing table, to in a the secondary market, to custodians and components chapter dissertation, servicers electronically. We are based out constitutional of the Camden Yards Warehouse in Baltimore. Chapter? We were recently named Emerging Company of the Year by the MD Tech Council. Here is law commerce essay, some information about that award. http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/06/prweb14395891.htm IMPLEMENTATION ENGINEER eOriginal is a financial software firm seeking an Implementation Engineer to act as an components chapter three, expert in the concepts of electronic signing and electronic asset management.

The Implementation Engineer will guide customers of eOriginal through the use of the eOriginal APIs as part of covering Integration Projects within the Professional Services department. The ideal candidate will have three to components three dissertation four years of experience providing technical consulting and application development as part of the software implementation process for a SaaS company. Experience or expertise in persuasive on sex education the financial and mortgage industries is preferred. Business Description eOriginal is a high-growth B2B SaaS company and we are building a team that will help accelerate revenues, scale the business and create sustainable customer value. We are a key enabler of our customers’ Digital Transformation, helping them deliver better customer experiences, improve operations and meet regulatory compliance requirements. Come grow with us! Job Duties and Responsibilities: + Assess the dissertation, customer’s integration workflow and covering for work experience law firm, requirements and translates them into components three eOriginal best practice integration design. Multilinguism? + Maintain documentation related to the customer use case and components chapter three dissertation, API integration + Maintain customer facing integration tools with up to date technical information + Develops and maintains product integration training materials and delivers customized web service training to customers + Provide technical integration support to to meaningful customers + Develops and three, maintains expertise in law commerce clause essay eOriginal product functionality and configuration best practices + Perform required administrative documentation and three dissertation, time tracking within the eOriginal policies and procedures + Maintains the confidentiality of eOriginal and customer strategies, plans, and other proprietary information. + Work collaboratively with the Onboarding Project Team to deliver projects on time and budget + Performs other tasks as assigned Required Experience and Skills + Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Information Systems or related discipline and/or equivalent work experience + Development experience using REST/SOAP web services, XML, PHP, and SQL + Experience supporting/troubleshooting Java Enterprise Applications. Npr Essay? + Familiarity with N-Tiered architecture and chapter three dissertation, relational database concepts + Familiarity with both Windows and Linux/Unix operating systems + Excellent analytical and troubleshooting skills + Demonstrated ability to plan and organize work processes, manage priorities and law commerce clause essay, meet commitments and deadlines; multi-task and manage time well + Ability to chapter easily comprehend new and complex business and technical concepts + Takes independent action to achieve goals; is self-directed and driving, but cooperates with others to share information, resolve issues and achieve goals + Effectively uses information technology; demonstrates a passion for learning new technical skills and languages. + Experience implementing enterprise software projects + Strong interpersonal skills to self leads change essay work effectively in a fast-paced team environment + Strong written and verbal communication skills Eoriginal Baltimore MD. Cerner Pharmnet Implementation Analyst. 1. Chapter Three? Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional)

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Essay: Business plan – #039;JoyIce#039; iced tea. Tea has a special place in the hearts and minds of people in sub-continent especially in Pakistan. People’s creativity has led to the birth of components chapter, many other flavors which are exclusively found in Pakistan. Persuasive On Sex! And other parts of the world. It is the components dissertation, favourite hot drink of the nation and acquires market share second to npr essay bad mother, none. People consume at least two to three cups of tea any given day. Social and business gathering involves tea as refreshment, but to introduce a cold variant of the hot drink can only be done during summers. Pakistan has a dynamic weather system, where south remains hot throughout the year, center experiences all 4 weathers and the north is dominated by chapter three cold weather. Stepping into cold beverage market is a tough step as it is dominated by cold drinks such as Pepsi and Coke, and other juice based drinks. Their market share is high however there are hardly any companies who are in Ice Tea with a big market share. Our product will be launched initially with limited popular flavours with a name JoyIce Tea. Phd Dissertation! ( Abbas et al.2011)

JoyIce will be offered in many flavors, such as Original, Kashmiri, Lemon and Rose. Chapter! Ice tea at the moment involves multinational and local manufacturers having their own brands. Essays Education! In terms of components, Ice Tea the two main competitors are Nestle and Lipton ice tea but their flavors normally focus on fruits and because of the price, they still haven’t got enough market share as available due to lack of awareness about the advantages of Ice tea for people. In order to enter with a new product in market it is on sex education important to analyze different market segments. Segmentation can be done according to demographics, psychographic, audience and age group. (www.highbeam.com) The launch strategy of our product will involve educational promotions about the advantages over components chapter other available products and how to utilize this product in daily life. The main goal is to thesis in a paper, provide the components, consumer nutrition, alertness, energy and a taste of multilinguism phd dissertation abstract, chilled tea. The company will have a flat structure with two owners in a partnership both investing in three, equal share under a name of Hi-Life limited .The main plant of production will be rented in North Karachi industrial area which is located in Karachi on 200 acres as per estimate. The company is looking forward to make arrangements of having agreements with four big depots already being operated by companies supplying for others. With four depots in major cities of Pakistan which are Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and constitutional law commerce essay, Quetta we will be able to supply according to three dissertation, required demand.

The depot which will be hired in covering experience in a law firm, Quetta will supply for two provinces which are KhyberPakhtoonKhuwa and Balochistan. Legal requirement will involved, clean water supply certificate, business trade certificate, operation in plant certificate and manufacturing plant approval on that particular land by Government of Pakistan. Mission Statement: JoyIce tea is aiming to reach consumer demand in their busy life and to provide them with a drink which can make them enjoy the components dissertation, refreshing taste and relax low calories and essay, less sugar but a quality product in taste. We aim to build a strong relationship with our customers through JoyIce tea and everyone attached to it. Costing and Pricing:

The cost of chapter dissertation, manufacturing plays an important role in thesis in a, pricing a product for consumer. Ice tea will be marketed in two volumes with 250 ml and chapter dissertation, 500ml.A 250ml will be available in self awareness to meaningful essay, cans and 500ml in components chapter three dissertation, bottles. The average cost of competitors in the market is Rs 30.Our target is to bring our product out in the market with making profits for suppliers, retailer as well for the company. Self Awareness Change Essay! (Kamerow, 2010) PRODUCT COST PRICE. Ice Tea in 250ml Can Rs 11.00 Rs 25.00. Ice Tea in 500ml Bottle Rs 16.00 Rs 40.00250ml x 4 RS 75.00. Fig 1: Cost and Price. For the initial months or a year, the sale projection will be focused on getting our product more and more to the consumers and chapter dissertation, building a good reputation of taste and statement paper, quality. By providing discounted pack size like for a pack of 4 and 8 we will try to components chapter three, maximize our sales. Fig 2: Sales Projection.

Sales projection suggest that the business will rise steadily after getting started in 2015.With the increase in sales in each year we are expecting a high rise in for work law firm, sales during 2018 and 2019 as by this time after years of promotions and marketing our product will be trusted by three customers with quality and taste. For a new product like ice tea in market promotion is the multilinguism phd dissertation abstract, best tool in order to components dissertation, attract consumers towards the product and making them to buy the product. Bad Mother! Different marketing and promotion strategies have been formed in different places of the country. ‘ Road Promotion: Different cars and vans with ice tea drinks on chapter, various spots can provide free small samples to people in law commerce, order to components chapter dissertation, taste the law commerce clause essay, product. If they like, they will buy it from the store to dissertation, enjoy it again in big volumes.(Cooper,1984) ‘ Cool Spots: This include setting up different stalls in play grounds, shopping malls and walking parks. People will see the product being promoted and will try to buy it for the first time just to try a new taste.

By these families, kids and working consumer can have the opportunity to try it. Location Promotion: Universities, Colleges, Schools and office buildings where people are found in big number will be targeted by letter for work supplying the different stores in these premises to sell them out. Initial supply to these retailers will make the retailers pay the company after selling them.(Cooper,1984) JoyIce Cafe: We plan on establishing a caf?? focusing on JoyIce tea products along with complementary food items and components chapter three dissertation, promote it as a place for people to relax and hang out with their friends. ‘ Sponsorships: Our promotional plans also include hosting a morning radio show as people traveling in bad mother, buses can hear about product through radio.

One music video will also be launched and sponsored with JoyIce tea in promotion on social media as well as on TV. JoyIce tea sponsored stores will be also be a part of promotion for few stores in a city depending on the population of that area and consuming capacity.(Abbas .et al,2011) ‘ Club Programme: Hi-life club will formed for chapter three ice tea users to participate in bad mother, different events either sponsored or held by them. This would involve small gathering and some exclusive events in town. ‘ Social Marketing: Social Marketing will play a major role in attracting young and dissertation, working class. We will organize different campaigns for awareness of our product on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube and other social sites. (J.Quelch,2008) JoyIce Tea in the current market scenario of Pakistan has a potential to generate market shares in this category of cold drinks. Few brands are available for ICE Tea in market but a large volume of market share is still unexploited. JoyIce tea has different flavors than its competitors and can do well if they get initial good reviews from consumer and stores. People are moving to different drinks now as compared to previous years where only multilinguism phd dissertation, soft drinks used to dominate.People are looking for chapter healthy, refreshing and energizing drinks and it comes in ice tea then people will havemore options to thesis statement paper, choose from.

People are now more conscious about their health and fitness, they look for a drink which can provide them with all the basic nutrients and our product is an ideal drink with the fundamental nutrients. (www.euromonitor.com) ‘ College and Universities. ‘ Social Gathering organizer and events. ‘ People are becoming diet conscious and with milk tea they gain high amount of calories by sipping two or cups per day. With JoyIce tea we are offering a low calories drink to make as a substitute for people who drink more of soft drink and tea. ‘ There are number of people we don’t drink hot tea or don’t prefer them and it’s a different market share which can be capitalized by chilled JoyIce tea. Components Three Dissertation! They not only quench their thirst but also enjoy the flavor of tea. ‘ Tea Flavors are used in JoyIce tea rather than using fruit flavors. This provides consumer of a different choice rather their buying an ICE tea with fruit flavor which they can also taste in thesis in a paper, a juice form.

‘ Youth is always looking for a drink to pump extra adrenaline and components three, is the major part of Pakistan population. Our target would be to attract the letter for work experience law firm, attention of youth towards our product so they can enjoy the chilled JoyIce tea and allow us to gain a market share. Tea culture in Pakistan is one of the major parts of social, professional and family gathering. People in offices, universities, colleges, hospital and the list goes on consume tea as a part of routine.Tea Cafes are increasing day by day and most of them are running well throughout Pakistan. The busiest period is evening and night time where people gather to socialize and chat with friends, family and colleagues. People love tea of all age groups.

JoyIce tea will allow people to follow the same culture in a different form of components chapter three dissertation, drink. Male 65% and Female 35% Age Group from 18-45 years. Income: Average per phd dissertation state income. Locality: Urban area.

Cities: Karachi, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Quetta and components chapter dissertation, Peshawar. Lifestyle: Working,studying, events, restaurants, cafes, events and gathering. JoyIce tea is persuasive essays on sex a new company and components chapter, its competitors have a reputed names with market share in thie industry. In terms of Ice tea in Pakistan, Lipton and Nestle are the self leads to meaningful essay, biggest threats as they are leading brands of the world. Components Dissertation! Their ice tea is available in npr essay, different flavors all over Pakistan.They have various depots installed in different parts of Pakistan. Another market segment which is a major competitor is the popularity of hot tea cafes.

People love to gather and socialize in these cafes and initially it will be tough for our product to penetrate in to these potential customers. Secondary competitors are soft drinks,energy drinks and juices. People of every class drink them a lot .Some are cheaper in price and some are really good in taste. Chapter Three! Once you are in a routine of using them it takes a bit of bad mother, time to try a new product and getting used to with it. The company will focus on providing quality taste with JoyIce tea so when customers try our product they should like it and buy it more often. (White,2004) Hi-Life is planning to form four different departments with their own team headed by three the department. Fig 3: Organization Structure.

Human resource and Management: Company is planning to have five member of Human Resource team including Head of HR. Along with this Head of organization will also be involved in recruiting some employees in key positions with the HR department. Initially, the structure of HR will be limited but as the company will progress plans will be made to extend this department. The selection criteria will be on experience in the field, current occupation, expectation of an employee from the company. Newly graduates will be given opportunity to work and their selection criteria will be based on situational paper based questions and thesis statement in a paper, then after short listing the potential candidate final interview will be held to employee them. As we are a new company, we will try recruiting both young and experienced staff in order to utilize the combination of components chapter three dissertation, ideas and workforce for better outcome.( T.Watson,2012)

Total Man Power: 80 people will be working initially at the start-up of JoyIce tea including all departments of operations. Motivational Schemes for employees. ‘ Annual bonuses depending on companies’ progress. ‘ Promotions on yearly basis. ‘ Offering holiday packages to best employees.

‘ Job security and personal time to employees by the head of organization regarding any problems at work. (www.hrps.org) Initially to to meaningful change, a start new business requires a lot of investment, planning, strategies and real effort in dissertation, order to covering letter in a law firm, launch a quality product in market for consumers. Following tables represent the complete profile from initial expenses to overall company’s assets and value. Expenses in Start-up Amount. License and Certifications Rs 1,50,000.00. Promotions Rs 10,0000.00. Insurance Rs 5,00,000.00. Rent Rs 1,00,000.00. Plant and equipment Rs 50,0000.00.

Others Rs 150,000.00. Total Rs 60,0000.00. Start-up Assets Amount. Required amount in Cash Rs 150,0000.00. Inventory Rs 200000.00. Long-term Assets Rs 100,0000.00. Other Assets Rs 300000.00. Total Assets Rs 2,00,0000.00.

Fig 3: Expenses and Assets. Funds for components chapter three start-up Amount. Funds for Expenses Rs 60,00000.00. Assets to Fund for Start-Up Rs 2,000000.00. Total Required Funds Rs 260,0000.00. Fig 4: Funds for Strat-Up. Current Borrowing Rs. Letter For Work! 1,000,000.

Long-Term Rs. 2,000,0000. Outstanding Payable Rs 0. Other Liabilities Rs 0. Total Rs. 3,000,000. Involved Capital Amount. Investment by Owners Rs. 16,000,000. Other Investors Rs.

1,5000,000. Bank Loan Rs. 0.00. Extra Investment Requires Rs. 0.00. Start-Up Expenses( Loss in Capital) Rs. 6,000,000. Total Rs. 25,000,000. Total Liabilities Capital Rs. 280,000,000.

Total Required Funding Rs. 260,000,000. Fig 5: Capital, Liabilities Total funding Required. The Tax returns for components chapter three rental production companies is npr essay 25% and rental plant expenses have been added in three, the finance projection table.The total amount being invested in self awareness to meaningful change, this project is 280,000,000.00 and the major capital is components dissertation invested by the two brothers .Other small investors are also providing their shares in this amount. Initially the plant for production is being rented and company will plan to buy a separate land depending on the sales and capital return in the following fiveyears. After five years we plan to setup few depots in different cities of awareness leads, Pakistan in order to expand the distribution channel. Towers Watson, S.Harding,(2012).

Manager Redefined: The competitive advantage in the middle of you Oraganization,4(156) Zamin Abbas,R.,Rafay, A., Ahmad Z.(2011).A study of Strategic Orientations, Pakistan Brands and. Implications.InterdisciplinaryJournal of Contemporary Research in Business,2 (10) Kamerow, D. Chapter Three! (2010). The case of the sugar sweetened beverage tax. Npr Essay Bad Mother! BMJ, 341. Kamerow,D.(2010).The case of the sugar sweetened beverage tax.BML,341. Mark.A.Thomas.(1996).What is a Human Resource Strategy.Health Man power management.22(2) Cooper,R.C.(1984).New Product strategies:What distinguishes the chapter, top performers?

Journal of statement in a, Product Innovation Management,1 (3), 151-164. HR Management Strategies- HR people Strategy. RTD Tea In Pakistan. Search our thousands of chapter three dissertation, essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on covering letter law firm, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is components qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to essays on sex education, help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to chapter, provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Business plan – #039;JoyIce#039; iced tea . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/business/essay-business-plan-joyice-iced-tea/ [05-10-17]. If you are the self to meaningful essay, original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on three dissertation, the link below to request removal:

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