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Medical school essays writing services

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broad topics essay You’ve spent quite a bit of school writing services time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is relax and find a topic you’re passionate about 5 paragraph prompts school, and, of course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library.

The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an medical school, essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and opbygning essay white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started. Medical Services! I’ve separated the topics into five categories–legal, moral, social, media and family–and included a helpful link for essay on young love, each topic. Feel free to use the topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. These types of school writing topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish.

They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say. After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the essays history benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the school essays writing services same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of their parents?

Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with.

They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from research mining animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is medical school writing right or wrong. For Middle School! If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to writing be passionate in essay, an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an school writing, outline so you don’t stray off topic. Essays History! Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned?

Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public? Should schools and medical businesses give more incentives for rajiv gandhi university sciences, people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. School Essays Writing! Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally.

Just be sure to standard essay rely on facts and not on essays services personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to essay college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of school writing services anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to essays vote?

Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and medical school essays Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Essays written on essay on young these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to find. Just turn on a television and essays don’t change the of health sciences thesis channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and services you’ll be sure to find something debatable about what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Ieee! Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the essays line for violence on television?

Should news shows talk about celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in research on web mining, schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics.

Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. That’s because every family is different. Medical! Rules in rajiv gandhi university of health, families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation. Writing! Because each family is different, it’s hard to generalize in these types of essays. Rajiv Gandhi University Sciences! However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an school essays writing, argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own). Gandhi University Of Health Karnataka! Photo by essays Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from love (way more than are on writing services this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started.

Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to introduction write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. Medical School Essays Services! Researching the topic will allow you to learn more about standard format, what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. Medical School Writing! They’ll help give you the winning edge in for middle school, whatever you’re debating. Psst. 98% of medical school essays writing Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

About the essay format introduction Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for medical writing services, English, history and education. You can find her on essay Google+. School Essays Writing! Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants.

I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi AbdulI#8217;m not sure *who you#8217;re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an research on web, emotional hook. A hook that makes the story of immigration a HUMAN story is writing a compelling story. Thank you for of police corruption, the help and the quick feedback!

Please give me an medical essays, example. Is the hook on the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an of police corruption, arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help? Btw I#8217;m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya so I think the writing services important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in.

At 14, and sorry if I#8217;m stereotyping you due to 5 paragraph prompts for middle school your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the effects of medical services video games on rajiv gandhi university sciences karnataka young people. Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but I#8217;m still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? I#8217;m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn#8217;t help me on this and essays services it was a hard topic to argue about. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad).

A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to ieee research papers mining not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at essays writing services, laws in California and Colorado for example). Ieee Research Papers On Web! I need to write an argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the medical school writing services 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to engelsk write about. My biggest piece of advice is medical essays writing definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down.

Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day lifemaybe you can turn one of rajiv gandhi those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here#8217;s a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I#8217;m sorry to hear that. Maybe you#8217;ll find this post to be helpful in medical school essays writing, your quest for university sciences, the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to do that. I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to do it need HELP and I#8217;m 15. Hi Dysoneep that#8217;s a lot of essays in a short amount of time. You#8217;re going to want to essays writing stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for essay on young, that it really helps me. Medical School Essays Writing Services! You#8217;re welcome. Thanks for reading!

Hi, I was hoping to opbygning essay engelsk get some advice on an argumentative essay. My argument is broad and medical school services about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to rajiv university of health sciences write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i don#8217;t have any idea can you help me what is it good to medical essays writing services write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay.

I will appreciate. sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for format, help and school essays writing services I will be glad to help. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on gandhi university time. Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to medical 8 page essay and essay on young love I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable#8230;. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to something good.

The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the medical school services process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). Essays Corruption! This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is literally the same thing i#8217;m going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to medical essays 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don#8217;t despair. You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. Ieee Research Papers On Web Mining! I am looking for help in medical school essays writing, formulating a thesis (a good argument) for ieee research papers on web, a 3000 word research paper on the following #8221; Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism#8221; . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for medical school essays writing services, your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to format take it a step further and argue that biilingual is socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to school essays writing services multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided.

Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and essays history give me tips on how to properly organize the medical school essays writing essay?

It would be greatly appreciated. It#8217;s fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can#8217;t do this for mining, you (not enough time in medical school essays writing services, my schedule), you have come to research on web mining the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to medical check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and essays history of police more. You can learn more about medical school essays, that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. Opbygning Essay Engelsk! I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and medical school essays services I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse#8230; Good luck on your writing though!I#8217;m sure you need it more than me#8230; i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Standard! Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and medical change the font size from 12 to papers 14. Medical Essays Writing Services! I can promise you that most professors are on persuasive love to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to essays writing services be well prepared.

So true! If you#8217;re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, it#8217;s much easier to reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to research papers on web take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topicthis post is medical writing services a good place to start. 2) do your researchhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statementhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an outlinehttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paperhttps://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.

7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on essay format introduction the specific requirements and length of your paper). Medical Essays! Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by ieee papers on web tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and writing so far I#8217;ve written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like #8220;tomorrow afternoon#8221; has arrived. Ieee Research Papers On Web Mining! I hope that you were able to writing services come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the standard essay format charge in more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to medical writing services hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. 5 Paragraph Essay Prompts School! I#8217;m studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. Medical Services! it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. Corruption! please help us for medical school essays writing services, we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you#8217;l help us a little bit.

I#8217;m not quite sure what you are asking for. Standard Essay Format! Are you trying to school services find a topic for a research paper that is rajiv karnataka related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I#8217;m attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to medical school writing services sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to of police take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then I#8217;d do some initial research on services my favorite two ideas to find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because #8220;computer science#8221; and #8220;entrepreneurship#8221; or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics.

You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project#8230;.but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for it#8230;..would you be able to help. The novel is essays history corruption a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson#8230; Congrats on starting the rewarding project of writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to medical essays services make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it#8217;s coming out as you want it to, but if you#8217;re serious about this, you#8217;ll set those excuses aside and just write. Opbygning! Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it won#8217;t be perfect.

It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to medical school writing services be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for rajiv sciences karnataka thesis, every day, and medical school every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It#8217;s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it#8230; again and again until it#8217;s right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. But thank you for thesis, this, it gave me an idea.

I#8217;m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i#8217;am looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and medical writing found only minor things. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). There is a higher risk that the store will be out of the item you need (or won#8217;t have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to mining online-only establishments. Essays Writing! thank you Erin. Persuasive Essay On Young! this is such a big help.

Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing #8212; just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the school essays writing system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on rajiv gandhi of health how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is medical essays writing services a good long while. Prompts For Middle School! I#8217;d definitely break it down into lots of school essays services smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time #8212; brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; I#8217;d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for some pointers.

You might also check out essay love https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and medical essays writing english is ieee papers mining not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, I#8217;m need to write a thesis for my uni#8217;s project this year. But, I#8217;m having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not?

I#8217;m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, #8220;Students#8217; perception on integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.#8221; *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education. Essays Writing Services! I think you#8217;re off to a good start, but you still need to take a stance on your topic. Here is an persuasive on young love, example of what I mean: #8220;Students#8217; perception of integrity, which is medical school essays services one of NDUM#8217;s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education.#8221; In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to persuasive essay love focus only on positive impacts, might be: #8220;Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUM#8217;s core characteristics, tend to be more successful in school writing services, their educational endeavors.#8221; I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor. I do a wider array of history of police assignments from essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and school writing services original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours.

Be free to inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . I#8217;m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. Standard Introduction! I don#8217;t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? I#8217;m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. Medical School Services! I don#8217;t know specifically what to opbygning essay engelsk write about because the school essays writing services topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an standard essay format, advice on this? You#8217;re right that #8220;mental health#8221; is a really broad topic. Medical Essays Services! If you#8217;re writing an essay love, argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that#8217;s a) debatable and services b)provable. Here are a few examples of rajiv sciences karnataka thesis possible approaches: Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for mental health initiatives. School! Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools?

Argue in favor of/against. Research Papers Mining! Does the mental health of parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. School Essays Writing Services! I started my essay on government should increse the fundings. Now I#8217;m on school my thesis statement. i just started this. Medical Essays! do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577;

That#8217;s a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. Gandhi Of Health Sciences Karnataka Thesis! You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . Essays Writing! This outline template can work just as easily for opbygning essay, a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you#8217;re making and how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for your decision to go back to school! What an awesome example you#8217;re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of essays our (many, many) other blog posts for standard essay, writing help.

I#8217;m obviously biased, but they#8217;re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of medical essays writing autism. Essay Format Introduction! Off the top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it#8217;s simply a type of neurodiversity and medical essays services should not be treated as something #8220;wrong,#8221; just different. 2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too.

3. Opbygning Engelsk! Argue that Asperger#8217;s syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.

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Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale and 5 paragraph essay prompts, Professor Raina MacIntyre. Supervisors: Professor Siaw-Teng Liaw (UNSW), Professor Enrico Coiera (Center for Health Informatics, Australian Institute of writing services, Health Innovation) Topic : Establishing the most appropriates statistical analysis for persuasive on young patient safety data. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws and Dr Bayzid Rahman. Topic: Individual based models for assessing the impact of case-based interventions on Tuberculosis. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood, A/Prof Anthony Newall and Professor Guy Marks. Topic: Factors influencing the acceptance adoption of medical services, EMR in low resource settings: A case study in Bangladesh. Supervisors: Dr Padmanesa Narasimhan and Professor Pradeep Ray. Topic: Impact of Education, Demographics and Professional Culture, on Paramedic Infection Control Decision Making. Supervisors: A/Professor Joanne Travaglia and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Face masks in the protection of healthcare workers in resource poor settings.

Supervisors: Dr Holly Seale, Professor Raina MacIntyre, Professor Amal Bassili and Professor Dominic Dwyer. Minh Cuong Duong. Topic: HCV infection in haemodialysis patients with end-stage renal disease, Ho Chi Min City. Supervisors: Professor Mary-Louise McLaws; Dr Dariusz P. Olszyna (Division of Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Singapore) Topic: Conduct qualitative research to elucidate the essays history of police corruption, barriers of pneumococcal vaccination of the elderly in the hospital setting. Supervisors: Dr Anita Heywood and Professor Raina MacIntyre. Topic: Modelling the impact of zoster vaccine on zoster morbidity in writing services, Australia. Supervisors: A/Professor James Wood and A/Professor Heather Gidding.

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Category Archives: Pointless Essays. Thoreau’s Cosmopolitical Proposal. Henry David Thoreau casts a long shadow over medical essays writing, my thoughts about and practice of walking, particularly his essay “On Walking” which opens with “I wish to speak a word for Nature, for absolute freedom and wildness, as contrasted with a freedom and papers on web culture merely civil,–to regard man as an inhabitant, or a part and parcel of nature, rather than a member of society.” In a stroke, he introduces what becomes an elemental concept–the wild–and frames his understanding of the human away from society in the big outside actively participating in the making of writing services, that outside. But his initial phrasing also opens the question of who is authorized to speak for another, particularly an other without language. Although the essay is full of many strongly (if ironically) stated sentiments about who is essay format introduction, qualified to walk–“If you are ready to medical school, leave father and mother, and essay prompts school brother and sister, and wife and child and friends, and never see them again,–if you have paid your debts, and made your will, and settle all of your affairs, and are a free man, then you are ready for medical school a walk.”–speaking a word for nature is, from the first instant, made in a tentative voice. He might speak a word for Nature, but he cannot speak for Nature. “On Walking” is an essay on being “part and parcel of nature,” of acknowledging its “subtle magnetism,” and the “capabilities of the landscape.” The Nature he speaks for is full of agencies known and unknown.

The Belgian philosopher Isabelle Stengers also wants to question those who speak “a word” for Nature, to of police, understand what authorizes certain people (usually scientists) to speak for medical services nature, and to what extent their words are final. Her “Cosmopolitical Proposal” advocates listening to multiple voices speaking for or with multiple constituencies, articulating alliances, and arriving at an often brief consensus. She opens with a question–“How can I present a proposal intended not to say what is, or what ought to be, but to provoke thought; one that requires no other verification than the persuasive love, way in which it is able to ‘slow down’ reasoning and create an opportunity to arouse a slightly different awareness of the problems and situations mobilizing us?” Her friend and mentor Gilles Deleuze once characterized Nietzsche’s philosophy as a “series of darts” –provocations to thinking– rather than a system or method. Alfred North Whitehead, Stenger’s other, more distant mentor, spoke of philosophy as “lures for thinking.” All three–Whitehead, Deleuze, Stengers–offer up concepts, a tool-box, to help do philosophical work. They give no absolute position from which to speak absolutely, but they do point out a branching path where thinkers can, in Thoreau’s word, saunter. The beginning of “On Walking” is a critique of an overly sedentary existence promoted by the business economy, but it is school services, also a description (sometimes prescription) of proper walking attitudes. Rajiv Gandhi Thesis. In the latter part he echoes his mentor Emerson’s plea in school essays writing, the “Divinity School Address” for a unique American literature and essays of police philosophy, one partaking of and maybe even articulating the wild land they now occupy. School Services. This notion of “the wild” is papers on web, a fraught concept, one subject to writing services, many different appropriations, most notably to on young, support eco-political movements advocating for setting aside wilderness areas. His line “in wildness is the preservation of the essays, world” is often misquoted as “in wilderness…” Without doubt, one could find elements of a Thoreavian wild in a vast wilderness, but it also is to be found in the “civilized” world: in research on web mining, swamps or low spots on farms, at the edges of fields, in the margins of cultivation (agricultural and social). Thoreau himself, as Walden demonstrates, seeks out the wild and lives it on those very margins. He notes in “On Walking,” “For my part, I feel that with regard to Nature, I live a sort of border life….” His wild is not an inhuman isolation from the tame or civilized, but instead is a force which gives energy, vitality, or following Whitehead, articulates the “ultimate metaphysical ground, the creative advance into novelty.” The wild is a source, a wellspring that creates in spite of the cultivation that civilization demands.

It is the tang of the medical writing services, wild apple or the wilding potato growing on the edge of a cultivated Peruvian field ready to bring new taste and characteristics to the dinner table. A place to locate this is in essay love, one of his seemingly offhand rants near the end of the school, essay where, as a counter to an American obsession with the practical (or as a proleptic critique of the neo-liberal University), he calls for a “Society for the Diffusion of Useful Ignorance.” He immediately renames ignorance “beautiful knowledge” to distinguish it from the practical, but it could just as easily be called “the wild” as he follows his proposal with a Whitmanesque image of cattle who find vitality in the new spring grass after a winter of hay. Ignorance can take many forms, and usually not particularly positive ones, but Thoreau’s is history, a plea for thought freed from the cultivation of a rigidified civilization, of one that only listens to narrowly defined expert voices speaking an officially sanctioned discourse. Useful ignorance is a form of naivete, a voice that can produce insights that, because unrecognized, are not available to the expert witnesses. The central figure in Stenger’s “Cosmopolitical Proposal” is the idiot, a conceptual persona she takes from school essays Deleuze (who appropriated it from Dostoevsky). Essay On Young. In Stenger’s hands, the idiot is the medical school services, tentative, unauthorized voice who asks non-sensical or useless questions. Idiotic questioning is of police corruption, a way to strip bare the categories of sense and use.

She does not deny knowledge but does want a fuller understanding of the ground on which it stands: “We know, knowledge there is, but the idiot demands that we slow down, that we don’t consider ourselves authorized to believe we possess the essays writing, meaning of 5 paragraph essay school, what we know.” Stenger’s idiot is medical school writing services, a practitioner of format, Thoreau’s useful ignorance, or perhaps is Thoreau himself–someone willing to ask naively the obvious question, who slows down a railroaded consensus. Essays Writing. Thoreau is the consummate railroad philosopher. Regarding transportation to Fitchburg he notes it would take him a day to earn train fare, but he could walk it in opbygning essay engelsk, a day, so he opted for the second. Writing Services. A form of willful perversity perhaps, maybe a refusal to participate in an unnecessary economy, from most perspectives the action of an idiot, but definitely a way to slow down. In her plea for history of police corruption slow science, Stengers quotes Whitehead’s critique of a narrow professionalism: “minds in a groove. Each profession makes progress, but it is progress in its own groove. (…) The groove prevents straying across country, and the abstraction abstracts from essays writing services something to which no further attention is given.” Inherent in love, this position is the desire to move transversally, as Thoreau advocates, to set out across the fields instead of following established roads, and as a consequence to slow down enough to pay due attention– not just to the world encountered but also to the thinking produced by that practice. Naive questioning, slowing down, paying due attention: these are pedestrian practices. In “On Walking” Thoreau notes, “My desire for knowledge is school essays writing services, intermittent, but my desire to bathe my head in ieee research mining, atmospheres unknown to my feet is perennial and constant.” This is contrasted to Emerson’s more famous transparent eyeball, “I become a transparent eyeball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part of God.” Thoreau is not after knowledge (at least none of the school essays services, officially authorized kind), nor does he attain airy transcendence. Essay For Middle School. Instead he wants his head to go where his feet can take him, to those little known places he sought out while sauntering in the woods surrounding Concord. Medical School Essays Services. He opens “On Walking” tracing an etymology of persuasive on young love, saunter, first claiming it describes someone going to Sainte Terre, to the Holy land.

Then he sets out the possibility it comes from sans terre, to be without land, which “will mean, having no particular home, but equally at home everywhere.” Ultimately Thoreau prefers the medical essays, former, but I like the latter because of the double logic it proposes. To be without ground is to essays history of police, acknowledge that the position from which you think and speak is solid but transient. To saunter intellectually is not to be arrogant but instead tentative. You can venture to “speak a word for Nature,” but you cannot utter the definitive term. You cannot close off the conversation. The second half of the logic is that such groundless can still provide a home, that we don’t have to root ourselves in medical services, the village, condemned to repeat the 5 paragraph essay school, same formulae, nor do we have to run on the grooved rails of the train. School Essays Writing. Instead we can slow down, saunter across places hitherto unrealized, looking for knowledge of the wild, or even better, wild knowledge. T. Hugh Crawford. Christo’s “Floating Piers”: Learning to on young, Walk. Finding myself in Milan after nearly a year of long-distance trekking, I couldn’t pass up the chance to walk on water.

Christo’s latest large-scale installation–the Floating Piers–was open on nearby Lake Iseo. Though not as well-known as its counterparts–Como or Lugano–Iseo is a charming lake with a large island. Instead of the usual ferry, the school writing, Floating Piers provides travelers with a bridge from the mainland town of Sulzano across to the island. The lake is in a quiet wine district, and Christo’s installation threatens to format introduction, overwhelm the region’s infrastructure. School Essays Writing Services. Arriving at Sulzano feels more like walking into carnival than an art exhibition. It was a brutally hot day, and transport included a packed shuttle bus from satellite parking lots. Essays History Of Police. Given the difficulty of travel and essays services temperature, the visitors were in remarkably good humor, each showing a quiet expectation or maybe just plain curiosity about standard what they were about to experience. Christo’s installations tend to be visual–the many draped buildings, his wrapped islands, and the canyon curtain–so The Floating Piers is a divergence.

It is participatory, a set of bridges that are meant to be crossed by school essays writing services, walkers, pilgrims of all types learning to walk on essay engelsk, a strange cloth-covered contraption. The installation was first conceived in 1970 by Christo and his collaborator Jeanne-Claude. A three kilometer set of bridges, it links Sulzano with the island town of Peschiera Maraglio and the tiny Isola di San Paolo. Medical School Essays Services. Open from June 18 until July 3, Floating Piers is 220,000 high density polyethylene cubes covered by history of police, 100,000 square meters of fabric and held in place by 200 anchors. With a color that approaches school-bus yellow, the bridges float just above the essays writing services, water’s surface with edges tapering to a zero point where the essay, water laps and, on a hot day, invites.

The site and surrounding towns have been overrun with walkers. In the first five days alone, 270,000 vistors arrived, far exceeding all estimates and prompting nighttime closures to enable the towns to clean up and reset for the next day’s onslaught. Planning walks usually involves maps with trail distance in kilometers and hours, but also topography with details on school writing services, elevation gain and loss. The one bit of information often unavailable is love, a description of writing, surface. A well-made trail up a steep incline can often be hiked faster than a poorly made level path. The Floating Piers has no elevation change. It is a two-dimensional plane perfectly level with the essay introduction, surface of the water, its colors forming an abstract diagram to be seen from above. Its bold diagonals are a striking sight, but the the surface walked is another matter. It is hard to describe the sensation of writing, crossing. It is a flexing, forgiving surface that enables walking in any footwear (or with none at all) and the map provided does not so much guide as it abstracts.

Many of the gandhi karnataka, visitors are local tourists, but there are also pilgrims from all over the world. Walking there is to hear a cacophony of languages and experience a cacophony of walking styles. Seasoned trekkers tend to medical school services, move rapidly and directly, always aware of where they are on a trail and when in high traffic areas paying close attention to the movement of of police corruption, others. It is a full-bodied dance that is direct but accommodating, open but precise. In contrast, The Floating Piers is walked by a variety of people, each struggling to find their pace in relation to a crowd which moves to medical essays, different rhythms or does not move at all (Selfie sticks have replaced trekking poles on essays history corruption, this trail). The paths on the islands vary in width, but the floating bridges themselves are a uniform 16 meters wide. Covered in medical, what they describe as a “simmering yellow” fabric, the ieee research, walkway provides only one sense of directionality–across the lake and back. Medical Essays Services. The surface itself is unmarked, giving no indication of where to walk.

I recall hiking the Ninety-Mile Beach on the northernmost part of New Zealand. In that wide expanse of sand, I found myself unconsciously following any track that appeared–human footprints, tire marks, even the seaweed of the opbygning essay engelsk, tide line–if only to medical school writing, find a sense of ieee papers, where and how to walk. Christo’s walkers are given a blank space. The bridges are not long distance trails, nor are they city streets or the school essays, arcades of a shopping center. They have a direction, but give their walkers no directions. What is most striking about the university karnataka, project surface is essays writing, that, like water, it is not a rigid plane. The piers flex, float, and move according to their own complicated pattern, one that is influenced by the movement of the lake surface, the wake of boats, and the wind, but also by the footsteps of the many walkers. If you expect them to follow a pattern based on a human scale, you are in for a surprise as the surface rises to your foot or withdraws from it with no discernible rhythm. Consequently, the crowds moving in either direction (in or out) have to navigate the persuasive essay love, unpredictability of their fellow walkers and medical school essays writing services the chaotic flexing on rajiv university sciences, the surface on which they stride. Perhaps it is the school-bus yellow, maybe the sharp and bold abstraction of medical school essays services, its lines, or just the sheer child-like playfulness of the entire project, there is something about the Floating Piers that turns its users into children. It is a playful concept, but more fundamentally its users, like toddlers, must learn to negotiate the surface where they walk and the people with whom they share that surface.

The day I walked the Floating Piers, I got to tiny Isola di San Paola (the most playful section of the project) to find a pontoon workboat floating just off the yellow fabric coast. Christo was there with guests, including a man wearing yellow pants that appeared to be made from the bridge cover fabric (I’m sure they had a few extra yards lying around). There is nothing unusual about an artist visiting his own installation, but there was something poignant about this. Were it the opening for an earlier work, Christo would have been occupying more or less the same perspective as his audience. Here the artist was offshore looking obliquely at the planar surface of his art, but primarily he was looking at the walkers on that plane who were turning his bridges into bridges. The floating piers are just beautiful abstract surfaces on the lake surface until the walkers arrive. Then the paths become paths, the toddlers learn to walk, and a new, albeit temporary, community is formed. 5 Paragraph Essay School. Footpaths are humanity’s first writing, producing marks on medical essays writing services, the land that tell others where to go, and they, by going, create community. Paths exist through use.

Christo’s are temporary and the community of walkers formed is transient, but the lesson remains. Given a sufficiently estranging path, we can become toddlers and once again experience the wonder that first walking brings. They were burning the essay prompts for middle, fields in essays, Helambu, mountains terraced like a 3-d model of a topo map but nearly as old as human history. Format Introduction. First they burn the chaff and straw, then cultivate with short-handled heavy-headed hoes, a design older than the millennium. Writing Services. In the essays history of police corruption, larger fields, a wooden plow is pulled by school services, a yoke of yak, writing simple lines in the soil with a metal tip tapering to a plain point. The plows are carved from a small tree-trunk with a heavy root angled by prompts, the winds, water, and rocks where it grew. Writing Services. A handle is mortised at the butt to give the plowboy control over depth and direction.

The ashes from the burn are turned into the soil, but only after the fire has filled the sky with a choking smoke. In the villages they heat and research cook with wood, often in rooms without chimneys. Essays Writing. Instead a hole up in the eaves helps draw some of the smoke from the kitchen. The paths that wind between villages and farms are littered with empty coughdrop blister-packs, an attempt to sooth the irritation of indoor and outdoor smoke. The latter was completely unexpected as I climbed the trail, finally gaining 3690 meters of altitude. Higher than I had ever been but still not above tree line. The forest remained primarily pine and juniper, though becoming more scrub-like as the afternoon progressed.

Ahead was a peak the path would go around, but I could see a recent rockslide had sheared off most of its face and the trail rerouted at standard essay format introduction, that point. Medical Writing Services. The foot stones were fresh and there were small cairns signaling the way, but as it turned out, in order to get past the 5 paragraph essay for middle school, slip, the path went almost to the peak. My altitude sensitive lungs went on medical essays writing, full alert. Until this point, the hour estimates printed on my map had been spot on, but the walk from Mangengoth to Thadepati Bhanjyand was listed as one hour and took two and on young a half. Not sure what the kilometers were, but at this altitude they are of little consequence. The only thing that mattered was the medical essays writing, air.

It is not surprising that Buddhist meditation practices focus so intently on breath. Spiritus is elusive at altitude. Just moving about in the Himalayas is an exercise in breathing, a palpable factor in all activity. Visiting the gompa at Bhraga required not just a long walk up the opbygning essay engelsk, Annapurna Circuit but also slow acclimation. School Writing. The general rule of thumb is not to gain more than 1000 meters altitude per day, and I was by no means pushing myself on arrival at the village. On learning I could see the inside of the monastery which was perched high on a cliff above the village, I had to hustle to ieee on web mining, get up to it in time.

Almost immediately, oxygen debt crushed my stamina. School. I slowed and standard methodically made my way to the entrance where I was met by an ancient Nepali doorkeeper who instructed me to remove my shoes and compose my breathing, then led me into an exuberance of Buddhist statuary, imagery, and manuscripts. I wandered in a daze, enthralled at essays writing, the spectacle and research on web mining the history it contained (I’m sure lack of oxygen contributed to that daze). On leaving, she tied a thin, blue-green string around my neck (which remains to this day), and I breathed one last time the smell of incense and ancient learning before descending some meters to the village and its relatively richer oxygen world. Bhraga is on the Annapurna circuit in Nepal. As a child I was a voracious reader in medical school writing, a house with a decent but limited library. I remember Maurice Herzog’s account of the ascent (and more important, descent) of Annapurna in the first expedition to summit what was then the highest mountain yet climbed by Western mountaineers. That story remained tucked in my psyche, resurfacing when I read about the circuit. I’ve been trekking long enough to have chucked the “bucket list” mentality over the edge many years ago.

My idea was to walk around the Annapurna massif as a sort of pilgrimage, like the Buddhist circumambulation of Mt. Kailash. In my pilgrimage, I would see the villages, people, and countryside but also the places Herzog’s expedition passed, and I would see the mountain that bulked so large in my childhood imagination. Except for ice gear, I carry the history of police, equipment necessary to meet most challenges on a trail. The description of the writing services, Annapurna Circuit was quick to point out that people of moderate fitness were capable of finishing, so I didn’t worry much about the mining, specifics. My first days out school services were uneventful, walking without a guide on a well-marked, well-travelled path. As the days passed, I encountered many of the same trekkers, listening to their conversations which almost never mentioned the walk itself. Standard Essay Introduction. Instead, like a mantra, they repeated the words “Thorung La,” a pass that, at 17,769 ft., was the school, highest point on essay love, the circuit.

It soon became clear most of my hiking colleagues were focused almost exclusively on the challenge of that pass. Along with the 1000 meter rule, everyone hydrated relentlessly and many ate lots of garlic, a folk remedy I was most happy to follow. Morning eggs in the guest houses were usually covered in garlic. Some were also taking Diamox (acetazolamide), a drug used to treat Marfan’s syndrome and some forms of epilepsy. It is a diuretic which tends to acidify the medical essays, blood, causing deep breathing and increasing the blood’s oxygen supply, so it supposedly works as prophylaxis for mountain sickness. For these people, a pilgrimage around and through a remarkable landscape had been reduced to of health, hemoglobin, to blood and oxygen. My passage over Thorung La was uneventful. A beautiful but bitter cold day, a long steady climb followed by a hasty descent to Kagbeni, it was satisfying and, by walking at a judicious pace, my blood remained well-oxygenated. Medical Essays Writing. A few weeks later, on another continent I came to understand thin air.

I began the final ascent of Mt. Kilimanjaro at persuasive, midnight, but not before asking the school essays writing, guides about the rationale for such a strategy. We had already spent days acclimating, and it seemed unwise to disrupt diurnal patterns just at the moment we were readying for the big push. They offered three explanations, each plausible, but not entirely convincing. The hike up from Kibo huts to school, Uhuru peak is less than six km with a little more than 1000m altitude gain. The summit is 5895m (19,341?). For comparison, Everest is 29,029?, and medical school essays writing services the highest peak in North America is Denali coming in at 20,310?. Research Papers On Web Mining. So the first answer had some merit– seeing the sunrise from the crater rim is an incredible experience.

People walk up Poon Hill in Nepal starting at writing, 4:00 am to see the sun rise over the Annapurna massif and Daulighiri, but that is essays of police corruption, a well-marked and fairly short track. Another reason: it was the wet season and the rains tend to start mid-morning, so they wanted to get up and then off the mountain early. The last, which seemed both patronizing and nonsensical, was actually the best. Hikers cannot see what they are climbing in the dark. It might only be six kilometers and only 1000 meters elevation gain, but it is medical school essays writing services, straight up the ieee research on web, highest mountain in Africa. At 11:00, we had coffee and biscuits and by the stroke of midnight were walking out of camp, each wearing a headlamp directed at our feet. We soon discovered that rain the day before was snow up high, and within the hour we were in ankle-deep powder, each of us following single file, seeing only the terrain illuminated by our headlamps and medical school essays writing services concentrating on the footprints directly in front of us. This went on for six hours. Initially, I treated it the way I do all long treks.

Walking is an opportunity to think, but walking and thinking at high altitude is a curious and prompts subtle experience. I found while I did the Kili shuffle–placing one foot directly in front of the other, heel to toe with no space between (very much Pink Floyd’s The Wall walk)–I could maintain a train of thought, but soon the lack of oxygen took effect, and I could only focus on the feet stepping in front of me, step after step, hour after hour. Climbing in snow is physically taxing, and as the air thinned, every misstep or slip interrupted carefully patterned breathing which in medical essays writing services, turn made me stop to pant, trying to get oxygen balance back. The new snow slowed our pace, so we arrived at Gilman’s point on the crater rim much later than expected. Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano– a singular peak rising out of the Rift Valley that characterizes the geology of East Africa. We rested briefly, and for the first time could see beyond the halos of our headlamps. The sun washed across the landscape, making shadows of unbelievable intensity and finally breaking the monochrome of our night walk. By now I was really feeling the altitude. I had crossed Thorung La with little distress, but given the exertion of climbing in snow, I was gasping for essay air and feeling many of the symptoms of altitude sickness.

Nevertheless I continued the school essays services, last bit of the climb around the crater rim to ieee research on web mining, Uhuru point. There were congratulations all around, but what stunned us all was the sheer magnificence of a clear, rainless morning looking out over the glaciers surrounding a breathtaking crater (and I mean breathtaking in its most literal sense). We soon turned back– lingering at the peak invites many problems including body-temperature drops and perhaps more time sliding down the incline in medical essays, the rain. We made our long return to Kibo huts, and each step brought more oxygen. After a glorious hour resting, we geared back up and love made the descent to Horombo, had supper and slept the sleep of the dead. Emily Dickinson once wrote that “the brain is wider than the sky.” On Kilimanjaro, I learned that a tired, physically stressed, and oxygen-starved brain is no wider than the faint outline of a headlamp illuminating footsteps in the snow. Air signals its presence in essays writing, other ways, perhaps most directly by moving. In Nepal climbing to Tilicho Lake, I watched the university sciences, snow on a mountainside break off, sliding into a ravine a couple of kilometers from where I walked. There was no danger the avalanche could reach the services, trail, but in a few moments the clear sunny day was filled with airborne ice crystals moving east fast and sciences thesis wet.

About 20 minutes later, the same ricocheting wave recrossed the path, this time moving west, once again covering me completely in ice. The Tongiriro Crossing on school, New Zealand’s North Island involves altitude change though nothing like Kilimanjaro. The edge of the Red Crater is corruption, a little over 1800 meters and when I was to school writing services, cross during my hike of the Te Araroa Trail there was still snow, a lot of essay prompts for middle school, it. Medical Essays. Tongariro is one of those hikes that swiftly changing weather can make dangerous. My morning started out cold (down at low elevation) and wet, though there were glimpses of sun, and the cloud cover did not look significantly different from a typical New Zealand morning in late Spring. My plan was to first hike to standard essay format, the Ketatahi Hut which was about 18 km, so I hoped to get there mid-morning and would then have a sense of how the weather would play out. Early on school, the hike went well, a long road walk followed by well-designed and 5 paragraph for middle school maintained paths. When I emerged from the bush and started hiking the alpine tundra the medical school writing services, temperature started to drop, and the wind picked up. Still, I was well dressed in wind/rain gear, ready for persuasive essay love what I thought would come, but the rain intensified and school essays services the wind was soon gale force.

At times it actually pushed me off the trail. The last kilometer or two were otherworldly– horizontal rain, freight-train wind, and no clear end in sight. Then the hut appeared (not a moment too soon). The first thing I saw when I got to the door was a sign redesignating the hut as a temporary shelter. It was not an overnight site any longer because of a recent eruption which had dropped rocks through the roof and disrupted the foundation. I went inside, stripped off wet clothes, and with shivering hands made an early lunch. As I did not get appreciably warmer–the wind by standard essay format introduction, now was bashing the sides of the cabin– I spread out my sleeping bag on the table and crawled in, which soon got my body temperature to a better range. Before long some Department of Conservation people showed up to school essays writing services, work on the hut, surprised to find anyone there in such weather and karnataka thesis relieved that I had decided to return down the way I had come. Medical School Essays Writing. I packed up, headed back into the maelstrom, and ieee research mining could feel the temperature creep up as the altitude decreased.

While hiking back down the mountain, I thought about Thoreau in The Maine Woods where he climbed Katahdin, though he did not achieve the summit. His description of the mountain is medical writing services, some of essay prompts, his best writing, and school I was thinking about how to him Katahdin was a cloud machine, making its own weather. He did not end up posing at the top for rajiv of health thesis pictures the way Appalachian Trail thru-hikers do today, but he experienced the mountain in all its weather fury. From that perspective, his was a successful climb, as was mine that day on school services, Tongariro. Another of Thoreau’s mountains is New Hampshire’s Mount Washington, a place where the air asserts itself insistently. It is a mountain with a constant flow of tourists. Standard Format. I remember one day climbing it through the Tuckerman Ravine with one of my sons. Like Katahdin, Washington is also a cloud factory, so on nearing the summit the mist came in. Tom asked if we were close, and I responded that I could see something just ahead.

As it turned out, that something was the bumper of a car. Medical School Services. We summited through a parking lot, then stood next to tourists in street clothes waiting our turn to snap a picture by on young love, the sign at the peak. Medical Services. Flat and exposed, Washington is situated at a point where major storm systems from the south and the west converge. It can have temperatures as low as -35 and, at 231 mph, the highest wind speed ever directly recorded by humans. Gandhi Karnataka Thesis. It is no wonder that in the past 150 years, almost the same number of people have died on its slopes. Like Tongariro, the weather changes rapidly, with storms scudding in at an unheralded pace. Standing at the peak, ignoring the medical school essays writing services, cog-railway and full parking lot, watching the clouds mark the wind direction and speed, is to experience air as air. Today when people speak of 5 paragraph essay prompts school, a medium they might be thinking of a trafficker in the spiritual realms but more likely are referring to a communication medium. I currently teach in writing, the newly re-named School of Literature, Media, and Communication, where media finds itself squarely in the middle, sandwiched between an elderly media form and the study of how to get the message through as clearly as possible. At least since McLuhan (actually since Plato), people concerned with effective communication focus not just on the message but also on its medium since, obviously, its specific affordances configure the persuasive essay on young, messages that pass. Idealists desire transparency, the mythic state where the medium recedes to such an medical, extent that the message stands clear for all to see and understand.

In Remediation , my old friend and for middle colleague Richard Grusin makes the distinction between immediacy and hypermediacy, where the first characterizes the push for transparency while the medical essays writing, second calls attention to both the limitations and the affordances of the medium itself. Similar to Heidegger’s tools “ready-to-hand” and “present-to-hand,” immediacy and hypermediacy are engaged in a constant dance. One leads for a moment, then the other, as the message is opbygning engelsk, passed and its medium registered. In the last half-century, we have come to think of medical school services, information moving through a medium as fundamental to the maintenance of society and vital for continuing life through our very genetic structure. In a climate-controlled environment (at least in university thesis, the West), air rarely shows itself as hypermediacy. Instead it seems textbook immediacy. Indeed, except for startling instances of school, dense air pollution (or to a trekker on the Helambu circuit during spring field preparation), the persuasive love, primary characteristic of air is its transparency. Something invisible, beneath notice, surely does not carry a message of consequence, but of course it does. Medical Essays Writing. We respond somatically to changes in 5 paragraph essay school, air pressure. School Services. We feel deep in our souls the freshness of a clear cool morning.

We feel the oppressive weight of water on history, a humid day, and a stiffening breeze signals a change in the weather. The down on our cheek trembles in school writing services, the slightest current of air or shift in temperature, but what makes air so clearly a medium is its very transparency. To experience the big outside on an exceptionally clear day is to be enthralled by its clarity, by exactly that which you cannot see. As William Carlos Williams says in the first poem of Spring and All : under the surge of the blue. mottled clouds driven from the. northeast—a cold wind.

Now the grass, tomorrow. the stiff curl of gandhi university of health, wildcarrot leaf. One by one objects are defined — It quickens: clarity, outline of leaf. The transparency of the air there does not withdraw in the face of the immediacy of the object–it produces it, enables it, and mediates it. Air is our first medium. T. Hugh Crawford.

Walkers Have Never Been Modern. for Bruno Latour. Robert MacFarlane along with Stanley Donwood and Dan Richards wrote a beautiful little book called Holloway . A holloway is “a sunken path, a deep shady lane. A route that centuries of foot-fall, hoof-hit, wheel-roll, rain-run have harrowed into the land.” In other words, a holloway embodies and records a human history of acting in and with the essays services, non-human world, a world made of earth, stone, water, but also animals, wheels, wagons, and tools. I recently finished the Camino Frances path of the Camino de Santiago, crossing the Pyrenees near St. Jean-Pied-de-Porte and walking through Pamplona, Burgos, and 5 paragraph for middle Leon to Santiago de Compostela, and then beyond to the Costa de Morte, to Muxia and Finisterre (900 kilometers). Though its paths are not usually as deep as the holloways MacFarlane explores in England, they record a deep history, one of school, pilgrimages to Finisterre that even predate the Christian Era. While parts today must be re-routed to newer paths to history of police, avoid trekking on what have become major highways, the school writing services, Camino breaths a complex history, passing by every church in its path, but also circling natural formations, avoiding rugged climbs, reflecting the wisdom of the choices made by centuries of walkers. With each step, the modern peregrino is constantly aware of those years of wear, an overwhelming sense of ieee research mining, human and medical essays writing nonhuman history. Some years ago, I hiked the Appalachian Trail with one of my sons, a trek markedly different from the Camino for a number of reasons. Over 2000 miles, the AT winds its way up the standard essay format, east coast ridge of the school, United States, from Georgia to persuasive, Maine, never very far from large population centers but on land that is largely depopulated, giving little sign of its ever having been occupied.

There are of course moments when hikers feel history. Passing through northwestern Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland is a lesson on significant battles of the medical essays writing services, American Civil War, but often the sense of hikers, one reinforced by the designers and maintainers of the trail, is that they are walking in rajiv university sciences thesis, wilderness, a place devoid of human history. Medical School Writing Services. This mood is even stronger for those hiking the other two major US long-distance trails–the Pacific Crest and the Continental Divide–both of which indulge walkers in the fantasy that they are walking where no one has walked before. Unlike the intensely historical nature of the Camino, the essay prompts for middle school, trope of American long-distance trails is uninhabited wilderness. School Services. Native-American habitation has been literally and symbolically erased from that landscape. American hikers, particularly those from the west, tend to fetishize this blankness, using human absence as a form of valuation, what is opbygning essay engelsk, called the “fallacy of the wilderness.” It is as if there have been no “centuries of foot-fall, hoof-hit, wheel-roll, rain-run.” It may seem odd to turn to a French philosopher of science and technology to talk about attitudes toward the wilderness and human history, but Bruno Latour, in his early book We Have Never Been Modern and the recent An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence gives a vocabulary to help frame these observations. At the risk of oversimplification (which is inevitable given the length of this essay), We Have Never Been Modern is services, a critique closely related to Alfred North Whitehead’s notion of the “bifurcation of rajiv gandhi university sciences karnataka, nature” which initially was a criticism of the essays writing, philosophical distinction between an of police corruption, object’s primary and services secondary qualities but eventually becomes a tool to dismantle the subject/object distinction that has dominated modern philosophy at least since Kant which is the avowed purpose of An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence. History Of Police. In Latour’s timeline, Modernism began (or did not actually begin) when Western philosophy accepted and enforced a rigorous distinction between the subject and writing services the object.

An accomplished modernity would be one that could rigorously control the boundary between knowledge of the natural world and of human society. Latour’s insight is that while that wall might be tall and seemingly impregnable, it (like all geopolitical walls real or imagined) cannot stop subject/object hybrids (what he calls “quasi-objects” and “quasi-subjects”) from proliferating. No matter how hard the modern knowledge police work, the subject/object distinction cannot be maintained for long. A nature untrammeled by human contact and history, one seen only from a scenic overlook or walked on paths that were never built for transportation or human labor, is the wilderness ideal. Research Papers On Web Mining. From that perspective, American long-distance trails mimic the modernity Latour decries, one that erases the history of the material world and medical essays writing the imprint of human thought and action on the landscape. They are a celebration of Nature purged of all humans except the limited few with the strength, stamina, time, and financial wherewithal to make the trek. Format Introduction. The holloway is an example of the sort of hybrid Latour invokes to destabilize the notion of an accomplished modernity. The holloway is objective, made of what we would call natural objects–dirt, stones, trees, roots, plants–and is subject to natural forces–rain, wind, drought, frost heave. But it is also social as it was made and is maintained by human activity, serving as a conduit for labor, play, transportation, and human contact. Services. To walk a path is to live its history and trip over its ruts, at the same time!

The modernity Latour critiques is one without history, and rajiv of health karnataka many ways it is one without thought. Medical Essays Writing. An accomplished modernism would be completely sleek, completely measurable, completely computable. It demands a seamless infrastructure, one that never calls attention to itself (see “Swinging Bridges”). In many ways, it is the neo-liberal dream. Walking a holloway track– the Camino de Santiago or Nepal’s Helambu circuit–is to feel a sedimented history, but also much more. 5 Paragraph Essay School. When you walk long enough, modern concerns (I owe money, I have obligations, I must be productive) diminish and essays writing something else (without the I) opens up. Rajiv Gandhi University Of Health Karnataka Thesis. A range of forces come to bear–gravity, oxygen levels, a fine-grained sense of the weather, attention to school essays writing services, flora, fauna, the impress of human activity, and gandhi university of health sciences memory. These and other factors constitute a mood that can open to reflection and ultimately open onto the possibility of thinking instead of having thoughts which, like ideas, become tokens to move about in some discourse to medical school essays, be measured and validated by a calculus of intellectual activity. The latter–thoughts–are prized by the neo-liberal academy as they can be converted into statements that circulate as a proxy for thinking and an emblem of intellectual activity, but are actually a faint shadow of the non-modern experience of thinking. Rajiv Gandhi Of Health Sciences Karnataka Thesis. In that light, the academia’s long slide from celebrating wisdom to medical school, knowledge (18th century) to information (20th century) to data (21st century) is to the neo-liberal university, a place of constant self-assessment, periodic review, and impact analysis, a machine designed to halt thinking in its tracks. The optimism of standard essay, Latour’s book is his claim that we have never been modern, that such a state can never be accomplished because the boundary between subject and object, self and world, is a chimera.

Purification gestures may create power relations and try to reduce thinking to services, having thoughts, but the research, hybrid I am calling thinking proliferates outside those boundaries, in a world that never was modern. On morning I woke in a Kathmandu hotel with no electricity which is of course a regular occurrence in school essays writing services, most of the world. Love. Technological differences tend to be what we first notice when visiting other places. Heading out medical writing of the essay engelsk, city deeper into the mountains is a move toward fewer conveniences and what seems a simpler life. Many writers, including some I highly respect, describe this as stepping “back in time.” I understand what they mean. In isolated rural areas, the daily practices of the people living there are often quite similar to those of their ancestors. Farmers tilling narrow terraced fields with short-handled heavy hoes or metal-tipped wooden plows with a yoke of oxen is a scene repeated for centuries if not millennia, so for medical school visitors, it is of an antique simplicity. Prompts School. However the “back in time” attitude is the result of a parochial sense of modernity. Yes, without doubt, the people living in, say, Melamchigaon are not working in sanitized, hermetically-sealed, climate-controlled environments staring at computer screens all day, but they live in essays services, the 21st century, surrounded by artifacts of that era including the love, ubiquitous steel and aluminum sheathing, cell phones, polyester jackets, airplanes and medical helicopters circling, soldiers patrolling with automatic weapons.

While they may not be in essays history of police, a high-tech envelope, they, like the vast majority of the school, world’s population, are in the larger 21st century world. The place where they live and work is a hybrid of high tech and traditional practices that a narrow, hyper-modern view overlooks. What the “back in time” trope brings is a sense of distance from and a concomitant blindness to papers on web mining, the hybrid nature of all our lives. Silicon Valley daily life is services, also full of activities long practiced by humans but overlooked in pursuit of a digital totality. Of Police. Ezra Pound’s plea to “make it new” starts with an medical writing, “it” that is modernized, but the “it” and all its deep history is sedimented in ieee research papers on web, that “new.” Stepping into Melamchigaon is not a temporal disjunction. It is spatial. It is medical essays services, stepping into a different modernity or, to use Latour’s terminology, into essay engelsk the non-modern world where we have been all along. T. Hugh Crawford. Early on in Walden , Thoreau says, “It is true, I never assisted the sun materially in his rising, but, doubt not, it was of the last importance only to medical essays writing, be present at it.” Presence at first light, ever elusive but somehow fundamental. The labors of many people require they rise before the sun, but being up early does not necessarily put one in the presence of the essay on young love, sunrise as an event, the writing, first of the new day. Long-distance walkers are a privileged few as they, like Thoreau, are up and about, doing their daily labor before the sun, and most days find themselves lingering on some path watching the unfolding of yet another rosy-fingered dawn.

In El Gamso on ieee papers mining, the Camino de Santiago, G–, my trekking partner suggested we get up early enough to medical school essays writing services, see the sunrise from the peak at Cruz de Ferro. Walkers are game for most things, but this was a pre-dawn trek of 15 km including a long steep climb. At 4:00 am, we were up and in a few minutes hiking fast and hard down the essay prompts school, path, headlamps dimly lighting the way. It was smooth but still there was the occasional stumble. An advantage of the early time was a sky awash with stars, the Milky Way streaming through the middle, punctuated by the occasional meteorite, but we had to ignore the sight most of the time, focusing instead on our feet. There was less than 3 hours time to cover the medical services, distance. Before long a crescent moon rose at our backs, partly showing the way.

That time of morning brings new sensations. Birds often unheard call out. Different temperature gradients cross the ieee research mining, skin. The earth and plants exhale unique odors. Setting a brisk pace, we made the the next town in good time but then had to climb a ridge in mud and flowing water, all as the horizon began to lighten ominously. Soon anticipation gave way to near despair.

Pushing on school, through the just-waking village of Foncebadon, we crested the rajiv sciences, main ridge, still short of Cruz de Ferre but finding an essays, ideal place to see the morning in. Sunrises happen every day but they are never the on young, same. This day some low clouds ran interference as the orange intensified along the horizon, then a brilliant flash of yellow light turned our retinas purple. Soon the sun’s rays touched all around and, though we had not materially assisted in medical essays writing, its rising, we had contributed our mite and received everything in return. Standard Essay. It’s a strange feeling to medical essays writing, have been up and toiling long and hard only to recognize that a new day has just commenced. We got up, stretched, and made our way to the Cruz de Ferre, an iron cross atop a tall wooden pole surrounded by a huge pile of rocks brought by peregrinos from all over the world. I found a rock by ieee papers mining, the path and pitched it over my head onto medical school writing, the pile, while G– retrieved the opbygning essay, one she had carried from some far away place. Anticipation frames a moment, but the moment always exceeds it. That morning while watching the sunrise, I could not help but recall Holderlin’s hymn, “The Ister,” and Heidegger’s commentary in a book of the same name. School Writing Services. I kept repeating the opening lines:

Command, presence, inevitability, anticipation, anxiety. Sunrise is but one in 24 hours of moments, but it is a singularity, an edge, a precise point. Persuasive On Young Love. It predates industrial time and essays services is measured not in seconds or minutes but in on young, duration–a taunt, stretched now that extends from the first bit of essays writing services, pure light to the emergence of the sun as full body. Heidegger, ever the interrogator, questions Holderlin’s opening line: “Yet if “the fire” comes of its own accord, then why is it called? The call does not effect the research papers, coming.” He is pursuing a broader philosophical point, but his questioning uncovers the walker’s dilemma, one phrased by Thoreau differently but essentially asking the medical school writing, same thing: what calls for presence at a sunrise? Eager to see the day, we pause watching colors, the false dawn, then the moment of pure light. Our eagerness calls on the sun to come, but it was the opbygning essay engelsk, sun all along that brought us to this ridge. Presence at sunrise questions Being in ways few other quotidian actions can. The most temporal of events calls the caller out of measured time into school duree.

It is time as a thread stretched to absolute thinness. Clocks do not tick at sunrise; time expands, filling the horizon. But fire can bring destruction, and to think the rajiv gandhi university of health sciences thesis, now is to think its end. Not far from the Cruz de Ferro is the Galician Atlantic coast and Finisterre, the end of the earth in the Medieval world, the place where the sun goes to die. Medical Services. On the essays corruption, Costa de Morte there once was the altar of Ara Solis dedicated to that daily dying sun, something pilgrims witness with each sunset. Sunrise is essays writing, both inevitable and papers not, prompting questions of the end rather than the beginning.

Ben Schneider (of the band Lord Huron) asks, “what if the world dies with the sunrise?” Not an anxiety strongly felt by those called to witness the beginning of the day, but a thought that lurks in the background. To anticipate an event is to entertain the possibility of it not happening. School. Heidegger also calls the now the “time of poets.” The sun calls the poets to write. Essays History Of Police Corruption. It calls walkers differently, not to give words but more fundamentally to mark the surface of the earth, to essays writing, write paths with bootsoles. To be present at the sun’s rising, the way is 5 paragraph prompts for middle school, trod, the ridge is climbed. Medical Essays. To participate in the now of that moment is to be part of a longstanding community with feet maintaining the way and naming the ieee research, history of the land’s dwellers, sometimes going back millennia. The pause on medical essays, the ridge gives the sunrise a silent voice. An event made reverent by the act of stopping to pay attention, to attend.

Deleuze asks of of police, Leibniz and Whitehead “What is an Event?” He then produces a multiplicity of answers, or, to put it the same way, his answer is a multiplicity with some convergence. An event is a gathering to an intensity, a set of forces singled out and directing attention. Medical Essays Writing. It is, in persuasive love, Whitehead’s terms, a concresence of elements, the active creation of the new and, I would add, the medical essays, now which is always novel. Sunrise calls out a particular now for our attention, showing by implication the production, the concresence, of all nows, however unremarkable others may be. Sitting there on that hill in that moment was an event. We did not materially assist the sun in its rising, did not wake the birds’ songs or paint the full palette of colors on on young love, the sky or cause the mist to rise from the medical school writing, plowed earth or bring both light and shadow to corruption, play across the land.

But we were there attending and anticipating. Already wide-awake from a long, hard hike, we were there to begin the new day. T. Hugh Crawford. During these long walks, I’ve been thinking about bridges. This essay would have appeared here, but my friend Ian and the folks at the Atlantic decided to publish it there: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/04/swinging-bridges/478980/ For related material, please see the essays writing services, Pointless Essays tab below. A Walker of Rivers. Water–you’d have thought I’d had enough of it. Starting the Te Araroa on September 1st (against the advice of everyone consulted), I sloshed my way through the Herekino and Rataea forests, splashed up the persuasive, Mangapukahukanu, climbed any number of peaks to admire the fog, and even tried (unsuccessfully) to essays writing, wade across the mouth of the Okura just north of Auckland.

The better part of essay, my first two months on the Te Araroa was in a damp mist if not outright downpour. But as spring gave way to summer, that fog lifted and water took on a new and surprising quality–indescribable beauty. When hiking the Appalachian Trail in the United States, I crossed many rivers–from the school writing services, white water of the Nantahala in gandhi of health sciences thesis, North Carolina to the broad slow tidal waters of the medical school, Hudson just above New York City, or the Kennebec in Maine where a paid staffer ferries thru-hikers across in a canoe. The Te Araroa has more than its share of tough river crossings, particularly on the South Island–the Rakaia, Rangitata, and mining my personal nemesis, the Ahuriri–but along with crossings, the TA also brings opportunities to hike a river’s length, to become a walker of rivers. Each has its own attractions and medical writing services devotees, but for me, nothing compares to the trek from St.

Arnaud along Lake Rotoiti then up the Travers River to essay engelsk, its high mountain source. I woke early at the backpacker hostel in the Nelson Lakes Motel–one of those places cherished by hikers both for its amenities and the information passed between staff and fellow trekkers. Triple Hands Dave, a mountain guide who had also hiked the Appalachian Trail, was already cooking breakfast for school services his crew. I made coffee while we talked about the differences between the AT and the TA. Little did I know, I was about to start a day’s hike that would bring into stark relief those very differences. I soon packed up and headed out, but not to the trail just yet. One of my Te Araroa resolutions was to never eat food from essay my pack when there was a restaurant nearby, so I wandered down to the St. Arnaud Cafe for medical school the “big breakfast.” Hiking the Appalachian Trail brought few opportunities for a cafe breakfast.

It was almost always an 5 paragraph prompts for middle school, early morning meal of cold poptarts or granola bars before plunging back in the wilderness, so lingering in a cafe was quite the luxury. The morning was cold as I sat at essays writing, the picnic tables waiting for the cafe to open, using some free wifi to essay, catch up on the news and staving off obligations back in the States. School Essays Services. Soon I was tucking into a hearty breakfast followed by ice cream (on both the AT and the TA, thru-hikers can eat as much as they want, a habit hard to break after returning to a more sedentary life). Soon the trail beckoned, and I started the thirty kilometer hike to Upper Travers Hut. The best beginning of a day, one that limbers up old arthritic joints, is an easy flat walk. Along the history of police, shore of Lake Rotoiti, one of the Nelson Lakes that give water a good name, the manicured path at times veers out onto gravel beaches giving a chance to linger and study the water’s color, texture, and the lake bottom which, regardless of depth, always seems just inches from the surface. By the time I got to the top of the lake, my legs felt young and the sun was shining brightly. There was a clear sense of adventure in the air, and the water was in the lake, streams and river, not coming down on me from the medical, sky.

The valley opened up as the ieee research, trail crossed old pastures and followed the winding of the Travers, occasionally crossing by those swinging bridges that still give me pause. School Writing. Walking those lower parts close to the river, I became increasingly aware of the water’s clarity, marveling at its almost unimaginable color. In the history corruption, United States before the advent of brown ceramic insulators, rural electrical lines were strung on blue-green glass knobs. Today those knobs are collectibles (they make great paper weights). The one siting on my desk at home echoes the color of the school writing, Travers River, but it is a only a feeble echo.

The hike took me from the standard essay format, lake to the headwaters, so the river’s life unfolded across the day, going from the staid maturity at the mouth to the rollicking turbulence of youth (yes, the water really does rollick over rocks). The trail would wind through a mixed forest then return to the water’s edge, each time bringing another striking view. The water was yesterday’s mountaintop snow, its taste icy and intoxicating. I stopped once to look into what must have been a deep pool, though it was difficult to judge the depth of something so transparent. As I stared at the bottom– perfect, round blue-gray stones– a trout caught my eye. Large, brown, at least 20 inches long and medical writing initially invisible, the fish was holding steady in the current. I’m not a fisherman though at that moment I wish I were. Instead I found myself thinking of Ernest Hemingway’s short story “Big Two-Hearted River” where Nick Adams, the protagonist, is recovering from the mental anguish of fighting in World War I. He goes fishing in northern Michigan, and early in the narrative leans over a bridge rail to watch big trout in the current. Nick has travelled to 5 paragraph school, this river hoping to find a way to school essays services, steady himself. Similar to most long-distance hikers, his actions are studied–precise, almost ritualized. Taking care is a way for papers on web him to control his situation and dampen down the uncertainty that wartime trauma has brought.

Standing there watching that particular trout, I began to better understand Hemingway’s story. The Travers plunges down the mountain to the lake below, waterfall after waterfall. Writing Services. Even slack water is anything but slack. That fish motionless in the pool was swimming fast. Holding steady is hard work. Although smaller streams had been joining the essay, river all day, toward late afternoon, they came rushing in louder. I could see the mountain looming after passing Hopeless Creek (one of many vaguely ominous place-names along the Te Araroa).

In contrast to the valley, the trail became steeper and more hazardous. The surrounding mountains cast dark shadows, and the trail itself made that familiar move–climbing above the stream then striking out level along an edge both narrow and slippery. I walked with care, staring at the path to school essays services, keep steady, occasionally stopping to see where it led–a narrow chasm cut by slips, slides, and tumbling brooks. Essays Of Police Corruption. Then I saw, dropping straight off a mountain top, a waterfall with fully half of the water making up the Travers river at that point. It was as if someone had just taken up half the river and leaned it against a mountain, then let it fall, that blue-green water rushing vertically for what looked to medical school essays, be hundreds of meters.

There are no words. The day was winding down as I finally made my way to essay love, the hut which, to my surprise, had smoke coming from the chimney. School Essays. Hiking the Te Araroa early in format, the season had been a solitary experience, so I wasn’t expecting company up near the top of Mt. Travers. With the hut in medical school essays writing services, sight, I decided to cut across a meadow in what seemed a more direct route only to discover the way I had chosen was more water than land, so I managed to soak shoes and standard format introduction socks within yards of medical essays, my destination. On entering I was met by a party–two Kiwi guides from rajiv sciences thesis Picton and medical school writing four trekkers from Australia. They had crossed the lake by boat and spent the mining, previous night at John Tait Hut, clearly hiking a more civilized pace than I was, something evident by writing, their buoyant good humor. Overcrowded huts are a frequent conversation, particularly along the TA, but my early spring start had made most of my hut experiences lonely. Rajiv Of Health Sciences Karnataka Thesis. I well remember two nights and medical school essays services one very long day at Waiopehu in the Tararuas where I found myself wet, cold, and gandhi university thesis alone staring at windows made opaque by driving rain, wondering what was out there. The morning it cleared brought a clear view of Levin, the town I had hiked out of writing, two days earlier, looking entirely too close for all my hiking efforts. The Waiopehu and Upper Travers huts are fairly new, spacious, clean and inviting with the Upper Travers made even more so by the fire in the wood stove and a group of enthusiastic hikers.

I hung my wet clothes by the fire and instead of a solitary evening, I was treated with extra food, some wine, and lively conversation. The next morning, I woke to standard, the expedition leader rekindling the fire, and soon the rest were rustling about. I packed, made breakfast with steaming coffee and even had a second cup, but that day my goal was Waiau Forks which required a climb over medical essays writing services, Travers Saddle and then, later in research papers on web, the afternoon, Waiau Pass. I said my farewells and walked out into one of medical school writing services, those days where the very air is like glass, imparting a sheen on everything within sight. The path soon climbed above the essay, bush and spread out essays writing services below was the entire river valley. Even though I couldn’t, it seemed as if I could see all the way back to Lake Rotitiri, so for research papers mining a moment it felt as though I was looking at an illustration in a topography book, one that explained the school, parts of a river valley, and I had the view from the research papers, top. All around were peaks, jagged rocks, some softened by the remaining snow– the medical school writing services, snow that melted and fed the Travers. I lingered for on young love a while at essays, that point where the river began, then turned to start the long descent to the Sabine Valley, heading off for another day of persuasive essay on young, walking rivers. T. Medical. Hugh Crawford. Mountains weep.

No sadness there, though they do have moods. Water seeps from cracks in on web mining, rocks, down from thin streams, or gurgles beneath mats of moss. Paths are suddenly slick, the smell of the medical essays services, air changes as does the temperature. You become aware of something that had been absent–or maybe it was following you all along, just beneath the surface. The skies were uncertain at Glenrock Stream. The wind picked up and rajiv of health thesis rain spotted the stones, but there was also blue sky.

Morning showers on New Zealand’s South Island often dissipate quickly. Essays Writing Services. The first part of the path was up through pastures. Opbygning Engelsk. The hills were treeless and covered with brown grass. Medical Essays Writing Services. At erosion points, they showed their foundations: huge piles of gravel covered with a thin layer of soil and desiccated vegetation. Initially the trail was well-formed, so I soon arrived at the first hut, a tiny A-frame tucked up in a draw. By then, the rain had intensified, and I should have gotten out heavy weather gear, but after a brief stop, I pushed on fast for the next hut–Comyns–which was only 6 km away. Essay Introduction. The wind over the open terrain was staggering and the rain horizontal, but it was at my back. I was already drenched, so I continued, covering the distance in a little over an hour, arriving wet, cold, and slightly hypothermic. Medical. Comyns is an old musterer’s hut made of corrugated steel siding bolted to a structural steel frame. It rocks and opbygning creaks in the wind.

Even though it had a fireplace, there was no wood for heat or to dry clothes. Shivering, I peeled off wet layers, put on camp clothes, made soup, hung my stuff to drip, and medical school writing services crawled into opbygning a sleeping bag. School Essays Writing. It was Thanksgiving, and back home people were sitting down to a meal that was likely more than ramen noodles. Next morning I woke early, put on my still-wet clothes and followed the trail as it led out over the hill behind the hut. There I found a branch of the Ashburton River which rushed knee-deep and bitter cold past steep boulders. At least today the sun was shining except in the deep shadows, but the trail forded the river all morning (a fellow thru-hiker later told me he had to wade it twenty-three times). My toes were soon numb–it felt as if I had boards strapped to my feet.

Mid-morning, the trail turned off to climb up Round Hill Creek which thankfully was narrow and easier to 5 paragraph essay prompts, ford. Late that morning, I stopped and services sat on a rock, turned to feel the warm sun on my face, and filled my water bottle. Without pausing to purify it, I drank draught after draught, marveling at the taste and reveling in the moment. Water is sublime–awful and awe-inspiring. Writing about the Cairngorms in Scotland, Nan Shepherd observes: “This water from the granite is cold.

To drink it at the source makes the 5 paragraph essay for middle school, throat tingle. A sting of life is in medical school essays writing, its touch.” Directly encountered raw, water stings and rajiv gandhi of health soothes, incapacitates and medical school essays services satisfies. It is multiple. At the extremes a dealer of death and bringer of essays history, life, but mostly is a constant, gurgling companion. Plutarch says of the first philosopher, “Thales the Milesian doth affirm that water is the principle whence all things in the universe spring.” For Thales, water is prime matter, but for us it is also the source of the essays writing services, abstract philosophical ideals of purity and essay introduction clarity. Water is the basis for physics and metaphysics. Today we live different contradictions. Water is an image of purity and a source of school writing services, fear, the vehicle of hidden contamination. When I was young, I hiked on standard, my uncle’s land in Highland County, Virginia where a tiny creek ran down through a huge pile of rocks. My uncle, a physician, assured me the rocks filtered it, rendering it safe to drink. I lapped it up, satisfied with his explanation and amazed by the taste, absent chlorine and fluorine.

I also remember by brother, on getting his driver’s license, taking jugs over into medical school essays the Fort Valley to get Miss Lucy her spring water which, I am fairly certain, was meant for her evening bourbon and branch. Gandhi Sciences Thesis. Even then, there were few places left where we could drink with confidence from the source. Now, frightened as we all are by all the outdoor organizations selling SteriPens and iodine tablets, fearful of school writing services, giardia, lead, and the thousands of other toxins we have poured into the water table (what exactly is “fracking fluid”?), water is treated with suspicion. The crisis in Flint, Michigan (which we all know will be followed by dozens of other political/infrastructure failures), combined with the real and imagined dangers of drinking the water in any country unless served in essay prompts, a sealed plastic bottle, makes it a substance that is anything but an image of purity. School Essays. It was with a certain cavalier freedom that I indulged the streams of New Zealand, and persuasive love of course it was risky. One morning hiking out of Locke Stream Hut, the trail followed up a beautiful stream where I was ready to drink, only to discover in the headwaters a dead, bloated cow. Water is the school writing services, universal solvent, but what washes away the residue our modern contamination leaves?

Ever the natural historian, Thoreau subjects Walden’s waters to rigorous analysis of clarity and color, claiming his pond first in the Concord Lake District regarding clarity and taste. He writes at length on the color of water, noting it is imparted by ieee, surrounding materials– trees, sand, sky. For Thoreau, Walden Pond has the perfect palette–blue sky, white sand, green trees–which reveals the depths of those colors, and at the same time, the depths of the medical essays, pond itself (which he constantly surveys). Corruption. But minerals do impart color, and blue-green or, as the name clearly indicates, aquamarine, is school essays writing services, a marker of 5 paragraph prompts for middle school, clarity and purity. I had the chance to walk the Travers River in school, New Zealand from its mouth at Lake Rotoiti to its headwaters in of police corruption, the Travers Saddle. There I saw for myself the color of an amazing water: thick blue-green swirling against rough white rock. Resulting from medical services dissolved minerals, glacier melt, reflection from the sky, vegetation above the essays history of police, surface–no matter–it was the color of magic, and maybe even truth. To know such water is both to see through it and at the same time, to see its surface, another doubleness that confounds understanding. That day on the Travers, the surface reflected and sparkled while the depths, on examination, revealed large brown trout, swimming static in the current. Thoreau, ever the master of seeing through and looking at medical school essays services, offers a natural history of that surface: “It is a soothing employment, on one of those fine days in the fall when all the format, warmth of the sun is medical writing, fully appreciated, to sit on a stump on such a height as this, overlooking the pond, and study the dimpling circles which are incessantly inscribed on its otherwise invisible surface amid the 5 paragraph prompts for middle school, reflected skies and trees.” Along with being the only widely distributed substance which expands when frozen (making it the most potent of materials when it comes to shaping the world in which we live), water’s surface tension and adhesive properties enact equally important transformations, including helping it defy gravity through capillary action as well as seep into and through the most unlikely of places.

And, as Thoreau helps us see, water’s surface properties produce arresting effects. Essays. There is the hypnotic, psychically lapidary phenomena of ocean waves, but also the strangely textured, patterned ripples on the surface of a stream rolling over its bed. Rajiv Gandhi Of Health Sciences Karnataka. The uneven rocks, through the school essays, mediation of the opbygning, water, produce a ridged geometry that is regular, complex, and utterly compelling. In a poem from The Whitsun Weddings , Philip Larkin also helps us recognize what water reveals, how it provokes human contemplation, and gives access to a wider understanding: If I were called in. To construct a religion. I should make use of water. Going to church. Would entail a fording. To dry, different clothes;

My liturgy would employ. Images of sousing, A furious devout drench, And I should raise in school writing, the east. A glass of water. Where any-angled light. Would congregate endlessly. His water is rajiv gandhi university karnataka, not symbolic, metaphoric, or really even spiritual. Instead it is insistently physical. It souses and drenches furiously. It is matter, perhaps even Thales’s prime matter.

Along with Larkin, Nan Shepherd writes with insight and understanding about the materiality of water: “For the most appalling quality of water is its strength. I love its flash and essays gleam, its music, its pliancy and university of health thesis grace, its slap against my body; but I fear its strength.” Water is pliant, it has heft, and ultimately, power. In New Zealand, rivers braid over wide gravel valleys. Medical Writing. At any given moment you may be walking on essays of police corruption, a smooth dry gravel bed or right beside a raging torrent. Absent swinging bridges, trekkers must cross rivers that demand care, something that increases in urgency as the essays writing, braids get deeper and on young wider. I remember crossing the school, Otira near the Arthur’s Pass with some fellow hikers where we locked arms through pack straps and marched across together. Persuasive On Young. The man on the downstream end who was both tall and strong floated up from the riverbed and medical essays was only kept anchored by his grip and the feet of those of us who were upstream. I did not have the same luck some days later trying to cross the Ahuriri. I woke that morning with a vague sense of dread as the descriptions of the trail were not promising.

My direction was up the saddle, down a river with no real trail to follow and markers that were few and far between. Topping that off, there was a ford at the end of the day. Once again, it was cold and wet with rain falling as I headed up to the trailhead. The hike initially was uneventful, the mist cleared, and the trail soon turned up toward the history, pass, following a rollicking stream through an old beech forest. Just before it broke out of the woods above bushline, I stopped at a big rock, got out my stove and made oatmeal and coffee. Then I just sat, listening to the chorus of voices the water made. No monotony there, the sounds were polyphonic and complex. I could pick out a roar and a tumble, gurgles and essays writing services drips–all playing in a water wall-of-sound. The following ascent was steep but by noon I was over essay on young love, the saddle and on my way down what turned out to be a well-marked path. Medical Essays. Soon I climbed another ridge where a large flat plateau opened up, a space worthy of a Sergio Leone film.

The area was high desert– a lot of water flowing through it but the soil was thin. In the bogs were masses of moss and springy grass and the edges of the streams had bushes and on young spear grass, but on on the medical essays services, plain, the vegetation was crispy and thin except the dandelions which were blooming by the millions. On Young Love. They were different from the medical writing, ones back home. Leaves were small and thick with no lobes. Instead, they spread out touching the university karnataka, ground avoiding the drying wind to get maximum sun and hoard moisture, waiting for the beginning of December to thrust up a single bloom on a two inch stalk. That day was all yellow. Later in the afternoon, the valley flattened, then opened to the river. My plan was to ford and camp just on the other side, but I arrived to medical essays services, find a high, fast-running current.

To the for middle, west I could see a range of snow capped mountains melting fast in medical writing, the day’s hot sun. Essays History Corruption. The river was milky green, so full of school essays writing, glacier melt (milk) that I could not see the bottom. Reading the braids is an art, seeking out opbygning essay points where the river splits into smaller crossable threads. I surveyed the scene and made several tentative forays, trying to get a good foothold and then cross, but each time I’d get about 1/4 of the way across and the bottom would drop out. The icy water refreshed after a hot walk across the plain, and the density of the water was palpable–so green but so opaque as to make it impossible to see my feet, let alone the bottom I needed to find. It became obvious I would have to walk along the river instead of school writing, across. The map showed a bridge downstream, so off I went, first in the gravel river bed, then up an a small ridge, but the Ahuriri did what all rivers eventually do.

It swung over to my side and crashed hard against a cliff, making walking impossible. About 100 meters nearly straight up was a flat plateau covered in pine which I had no choice but to standard essay format introduction, climb, then weaving in and out of trees, sticker bushes, pasture, barbed wire fences, fording a dozen streams, I finally got to medical essays writing, the bridge, having hiked over 12 hours. As it was late, I found a flat place to pitch my tent and a small stream for water, then retired exhausted. Opbygning Essay Engelsk. Some days, the power of the essays writing services, water exceeds all determination. Death by water is actually a frequent occurrence for solitary trekkers who ignore its “appalling quality,” but there are those who seek it out–the Thames in T. S. Eliot’s imagination or the Ouse in Virginia Woolf’s actual death. Still, we have turned water into a different medium for rajiv of health karnataka death. Global warming brings both unstable weather and drought to wider and wider regions.

In spite of its image of clarity and purity, we have decided to dump all of our shit into our water (wise civil engineer there). Today there is scarcely a source that does not require treatment, costing untold dollars in cleanup or for the medical care for those not lucky enough to have access. Or it simply hastens the death of those who have access to nothing but filth. Water wars are our destiny, and soon no one will understand that once water, in its natural, unpolluted state, had taste– a brilliant flavor– because the lucky few will only drink treated, purified, filtered piss rather than the stuff that once bubbled up from medical essays writing services springs as if by essay on young, magic. No, by magic. Nan Shepherd sought out water we no longer know, “that strong white stuff, one of the school services, four elemental mysteries, can here be seen at its origins.” If we no longer have water, do we have origins? Norman MacLean, a writer of rivers, expressed our current situation in persuasive on young love, the closing line of his novella A River Runs Through It : “I am haunted by waters.” His vision is the hauntology of a substance which, like all the previous doublings, is both absent and school essays writing still present in its very degradation. We are haunted by purity, clarity, and loss–an ecology verging on theology. Opbygning Engelsk. If there is a god, it is water. T. Hugh Crawford.

What if the medical essays services, transcendental field were actually a field? Not a disciplinary field or a term from physics, but instead a field humming and buzzing with life–soil, insects, plants, birds, animals (including humans), with a path through. Gilles Deleuze returns to fields, to immanence, in his last essay, “Pure Immanence: A Life.” It is a work of old age. Nearing death, A Life deserves to be thought. I have recurred to this essay many times over the years but have only engelsk, recently arrived at school essays services, an age where I feel its richness, something I am still incapable of expressing even as it moves me. So instead I just want to make a tentative claim. Deleuze’s last essay can be read by walkers as their A Life. In those few pages (it is a remarkably compact piece), he does not mention walking, but does describe with uncanny precision the experience of essay, non-self, the actual life that both appears and is performed by serious walkers. Another “pointless essay,” I’m not venturing any real claims beyond the one above. Instead I want to proceed in the manner of my friend Isabelle Stengers and try to think with Deleuze (a strategy that requires many quotations, but it is the school essays services, only way I know how to proceed). His opening sentences are by themselves a complete essay and gandhi sciences a summary of A Life: “What is a transcendental field?

It can be distinguished from experience in medical essays services, that it doesn’t refer to an object or belong to a subject (empirical representation). Ieee Papers. It appears therefore as a pure stream of medical school services, a-subjective consciousness, a pre-reflexive impersonal consciousness, a qualitative duration of standard essay format introduction, consciousness without a self.” Perhaps feeling old, Deleuze is making himself an ancient philosopher–a pre-Socratic–voicing a philosophy of immanence, a philosophy lost because of subjects set over against objects, lost because of the transcendence of the idea of self. As he says in school essays writing, the Nietzsche essay included in Pure Immanence , “The degeneration of philosophy clearly begins with Socrates.” So what would an a-subjective consciousness be? Practically it seems an impossibility as, at least to me, consciousness has always been the province of the self, but Deleuze want to speak of standard introduction, a transcendental field (and later pure immanence, the two of which veer together). So the question is whether it is possible to experience that field prior to or in spite of the fall into a subject-object existence. Clearly A Life is some sort of process of medical essays services, recovery. Sitting in a library reading Deleuze can twist the mind. Papers On Web. We fall, we grope, yet a-subjective consciousness remains elusive. But the field begins to writing services, answer, the field crossed on foot in a long ramble where, as all long-distance walkers know, the subject-object dualism is nonsensical. Minds are in bodies, bodies are in clothes and gear, which in turn are in the world. By that I don’t mean the World writ philosophically large, but rather the physical world being occupied and traversed: this path, this air, these sounds which do not appear to the senses as an outside, an object to be surmounted, but instead are the blurred zone of the standard essay introduction, becoming of field.

Not being, not self– field! He follows this opening with the question that I, having grown up on American Transcendentalism, have always asked of this essay: “It may seem curious that the transcendental be defined by such immediate givens.” Although the Transcendental he struggles against is Kantian, let’s instead walk a bit with Emerson, because I don’t think Deleuze is terribly far from him here (though their paths soon diverge). The ecstatic moment of American Transcendentalism occurs in Nature : “In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life,–no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Writing. Standing on the bare ground,–my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space,–all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of corruption, God.” Although I acknowledge the grammatical brilliance of medical school essays writing services, his semi-colons, I have always had difficulty with the speed of essays corruption, Emerson’s movement. Essays Writing Services. In a few short sentences, he goes from the woods to the “currents of universal being.” As an of police, inveterate walker himself, Emerson knows crossing such distance takes time. The speed of walking is the speed of school services, thought — something much slower than the rapid transcendence Emerson executes here. Of course he has a philosophical point to make, one not to be found in the field but instead is enabled by the field. Emerson’s transcendence is a movement out of the “givens” of the path he actually walks, so even though his loss of “mean egotism” seems much like Deleuze’s a-subjective consciousness, in the process it loses its immanence. So it is here that Emerson’s way diverges from Deleuze’s, but let’s follow it for just a moment to rajiv sciences, see how it aligns with, instead of school writing services, moving away from Kant’s.

Still from essays of police Nature : “The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. Essays Services. When the eye of persuasive on young, Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the medical school essays, angular distinctness of objects.” This in some ways accounts for his rapid transcendence. As is clear from his transparent eyeball and fear of losing his sight, Emerson wants to celebrate what the 5 paragraph prompts, mind brings to perception of nature which is, from the outset, considered as spectatorial other. Emersonian objects are refined by Emersonian subjects. Very much in a Kantian tradition, he wants to medical writing services, celebrate what the mind brings to those objects, the “imagination” and “affection” that temper the angularity of the material world. The other path, the one followed by Deleuze is through the “animal eye” along with all the other senses (including proprioception) that perform the ieee mining, crossing of the transcendental field.

Given Emerson’s spatio-visual metaphors, his transcendence is a move up, a change in perspective that provides an medical, intellectualized understanding, a bird’s eye view of the field. Deleuze’s transcendental field is only known by keeping feet plodding along that muddy path. A serious walker–one who is essay engelsk, tramping long enough for the daily world to school services, vanish and to also move beyond an aesthetic appreciation of “taking a walk”–can recover the transcendental field that pre-exists the 5 paragraph essay for middle school, subject-object distinction with a different form of empiricism, one Deleuze calls transcendental: “We will speak of a transcendental empiricism in contrast with everything that makes up the world of the school essays, subject and the object. There is something wild and powerful in this transcendental empiricism that is of course not the element of simple sensation (simple empiricism), for sensation is research, only a break within the school writing, flow of absolute consciousness.” Wild and powerful–a good way to describe what he opens up in this passage. Walking presses the opbygning, question of consciousness (simple or absolute) and sensation, both of which push the boundaries of A Life in the world. Where to begin? Maybe back in the field where we started. Medical School Essays. Without doubt, a general walk across that meadow, that field buzzing with life, is full of sensations perceived by all the aggregate entities found there equipped some sensorium (all the gandhi university sciences thesis, way to light sensitive minerals).

Deleuze’s absolute consciousness senses this but does not articulate a sensation as that pitches the absolute consciousness into medical school essays an opposition–sense/mind/subject vs. world/object. To have a sensation is to break from the for middle school, field where all participate, interact, flow. It is instead, as he said earlier, “a qualitative duration of consciousness without a self [emphasis mine].” He continues: “Must we then define the medical school essays writing services, transcendental field by a pure immediate consciousness with neither object or consciousness with neither object nor self, as a movement that neither begins nor ends.” Here it seems he is using the term consciousness as a placeholder, a concept, to describe this movement or becoming within the transcendental field. Standard Format. “Consciousness becomes a fact only when a subject is produced at the same time as its object.” The world of becoming he wants to describe happens before that fall into school essays subject/object. In terms of human experience, such events come in persuasive essay, waves. Medical Writing Services. We walk across that field, the low-growing shrubs crowd in the path. Format. An unseen rock produces a stubbed toe, an intense sensation, articulating an immediate subject/object. No transparent eyeball or part or particle of God there.

Just you, your foot, and that damn rock. But what was happening before the unfortunate incident? Was the walker–bathed in light and heat, surrounded by medical school, sound–a subject living in standard format introduction, an objective world? In Kant’s transcendental philosophy, yes. In Deleuze’s wild and powerful transcendental empiricism, no. We seem to be in some philosophical rare air here, but those out trekking for a long time, who move from the awareness that they are taking a walk into walking, find themselves living an act that is automatic, but not unconscious. School Essays. This is why Deleuze’s idea is so wild and powerful. The walker is conscious, aware, but only occasionally finds herself as a subject set up against an object. Ieee Research Papers. An example: walking the Annapurna Circuit in Nepal which is considered by many to be one of the best long distance treks in the world. Because of the spacing of school, villages with accommodations, people usually circle the ieee papers on web, massif counterclockwise. A constant topic of conversation amongst trekkers is the Thorung La, a pass 17,769 ft. high which requires careful acclimatization to prevent altitude sickness.

A walker can approach a trek like the Annapurna Circuit as a circumambulation of a mountain, a way to pay respect to it and the path followed, a path “as a pure stream of a-subjective consciousness.” Or, because Thorung La is an obstacle, it becomes something to be conquered, a goal, something on a bucket list. There is perhaps no stronger subject/object distinction than man vs. mountain. School Writing Services. That sense of self is gandhi university of health karnataka thesis, a youthful philosophy, one of medical services, challenges, finely hammered arguments, or treks with rigidly determined itineraries and carefully marked scenic overlooks. The older, pre-Socratic Deleuzian circumambulator passes landmarks, marvels at the eagles overhead, shrinks from history of police high swinging bridges, and of course occasionally takes bearings, but most often feels the path, the air, and light. That experience is by no means a construction of self or a movement into school writing services a different world. Rather it is the experience of pure immanence. So what then is A [Walking] Life?: “We will say of pure immanence that it is A Life, and nothing else.” The experience of pure immanence is what he was sketching out earlier with the transcendental field. It is pre-subject/object and history of police simply lived (not lived simply). The experience of pure immanence is in the walk in medical essays writing, the field not leading to higher consciousness but instead to A Life: “The transcendental field is defined by a plane of immanence and the plane of immanence by a life.” Here is the payoff: Deleuze executes an ethical turn, wanting to embrace A Life not as a primitive experience prior to the celebrated constitution of the human mind, but rather as one I would call profoundly ecological. Such a life “is a haecceity [intensity] no longer of individuation but of singularization: a life of pure immanence, neutral, beyond good and 5 paragraph essay school evil, for it was only the subject that incarnated it in the midst of things that made it good or bad.” To experience the ethical not as a form of judgment but rather as a form of becoming both outside the trivially ethical good/bad and inside a transcendental field of fully engaged life, one experienced by many people in medical school services, many places, but without doubt regularly lived by walkers. It is a life of traverse, of being always in-between: “This indefinite life does not itself have moments, close as they may be one to another, but only between-times, between moments….” Walking is 5 paragraph essay prompts for middle, always between.

To stop at a scenic overlook, to marvel at the [Emersonian] spectatorial, is to stop. To be in a moment, not between. As he says in the essay on Nietzsche published in the same volume: “Modes of life inspire ways of thinking; modes of thinking create ways of living. Life activates thought, and thought in turn affirms life.” A Life is not continuously lived, but when it occurs, it is writing services, performed: “A Life contains only virtuals. It is engelsk, made up of virtualities, events, singularities.

What we call virtual is not something that lacks reality but something that is engaged in the process of actualization following the medical school essays writing, plane that gives it its particular reality.” A day may begin with a plan and proceed by a map (the product of ichnographic vision), and by the end might have traced out that (usually digital blue) line, a plane that Deleuze and Guattari would call “territorialization” (in A Thousand Plateaus ), but the passage is essay engelsk, purely virtual. In the measure of the day, a walker enacts a plan (not a plane), but that walking is slow. Its measure is on the level of the between-moment. This virtuality is a-conscious because “Consciousness becomes produced as a fact only when a subject is medical school, produced at the same time as its object…” Consciousness, subject, object are retrospectively produced in the performance of immanence. This then accounts for of police corruption the indefinite article in Deleuze’s formulation. We are never in the presence of medical essays services, THE LIFE. That would be Being, a definition that pinpoints life in essay, the way GPS and a map captures position but loses everything else. The map does not include the medical school writing services, eagles circling overhead, the standard essay format introduction, smell of school writing services, cherry blossoms, the squeak of dry snow, the slip of mud, a midday snack of a Snickers bar, and that sense of persuasive, rhythmic totality walking brings.

It is indefinite because such becoming always evades capture, even as it is beyond articulation– which is why Deleuze’s last essay is so damn difficult. Essays Services. So is essays corruption, walking. T. Hugh Crawford. The Appalachian Trail is often called the “green tunnel,” an acknowledgement of the medical school essays services, dense forest canopy that surrounds the of health thesis, footpath. Couple that with uneven terrain that demands downcast eyes and you have an experience that by and large is devoid of the spectatorial beauty used to advertise and school services celebrate the trail. Those magnificent views come from research papers on web mining scenic overlooks occasionally encountered but not regularly lived. Still, most long-distance hikers seek that momentary spectacle, looking for the hiker’s sublime. They seem to understand pleasure, definitely know pain, and without doubt experience more than their share of natural beauty. I cannot even begin to explain what motivates long-distance hikers.

Many want to test their resolve in the face of deprivation over long stretches of space and time, others simply enjoy the simplicity the hiker’s life brings, but all, on some level, acknowledge the desire to experience isolated mountaintops, silent forests, cascading waters. Although over time its fortunes have risen and fallen in aesthetic theory, the medical essays services, concept of the sublime maintains a special place for walkers–the experience of awe that is awful, a beauty that overwhelms, something that arrests as well as upends. At least since Burke, our understanding of the university sciences thesis, sublime has been contrasted with the beautiful, terms that are often mixed, particularly in school essays services, nature writing. For me, the sublime has always been a brutal beauty, though the modes of brutality need some explication. As an aesthetic category, the sublime can be encountered in essay introduction, language (Longinus), nature (Kant), or the visual arts (Lyotard), but it always remains within a discourse of power, specifically of medical school writing services, being overpowered. However in most accounts, it–similar to beauty–is either spectatorial or is passively experienced through speech or reading.

It is a moment of arrest–a hiatus–producing awe, terror, and a pleasure somehow derived from pain; it belittles and makes anxious. We are puny in the face of of health thesis, its “irresistible force” (Longinus). Not far from the Appalachian Trail is school essays writing services, Virginia’s “Natural Bridge,” a limestone formation once owned and surveyed by Thomas Jefferson who, in Notes on Virginia calls it “the most sublime of Nature’s works.” When regarded from research on web below, it is quite a sight, but, as Jefferson further notes, visitors who venture to the top fear creeping to its edge: “Looking down from this height about a minute, gave me a violent head ache.” He acknowledges the sublimity of the view below, but “the view from the writing services, top [is] painful and intolerable.” Jefferson hung in Monticello a painting of Natural Bridge by William Roberts, a work that participates in the spectatorial sublime, as does viewing the papers, bridge from the school writing services, stream bed. However Jefferson’s embodied experience on 5 paragraph essay for middle, the precipice is different, resembling trekking in the big outside with its uncertainty, anxiety, pain, and sometimes fear. For Burke, terror is the sublime’s “ruling principle.” It is lived in medical writing services, an instant though it is the persuasive essay love, product of a slowly building situation. Terror in medical school essays, the sense of breathless fear is not a common experience of the hiker, but a low-grade anxiety about health, safety and loss, an anxiety not regularly experienced by people in essay on young love, familiar surroundings, is part of what could be called the ambulatory sublime. Beautiful scenes–the ubiquitous “scenic overlooks”– are staged by medical school writing services, an enframing that brings them into foveal vision, into a comfortable spectacle. Evolution linked adrenaline and the flight response to peripheral vision, the fear that is invoked by movement on the edges of perception. Moving through the bush requires a heightened awareness of the flickering between foveal and peripheral perception. Of Health Sciences Karnataka. There the micro-sublime is lived at the edges of perception, where uncertainty and danger lurk. On the Te Araroa, hikers often have to medical school writing services, follow poles topped by orange cylinders marking the pathless trail.

Spaced at considerable distance, they are sometimes not clearly visible, so on reaching one, the direction to the next is not obvious. The orange chosen for marking stands out from the rest of the introduction, landscape, but it is most easily distinguished by peripheral vision, that part of sight best equipped to notice the anomalous in the field. Hikers searching for the next marker saccade across the school writing services, scene, using low-level anxiety to find their way across what feels a vast and persuasive love inhuman landscape. Writing Services. Such moments are obviously not the sublime in any traditional sense, but they structure a hiker’s form of attention. Like vision flickering from foveal to peripheral, walking is both spectatorial and immersive, a double move described by the inveterate walkers Wordsworth and Thoreau. Hikers stop for the spectacular, are arrested by those moments, but then continue on, feeling both the loss of the scene and the possibility of an even better one at the next turn. They are moving bodies immersed in ieee research papers on web mining, a moving nature. Medical School Services. Hall of Fame hiker William Wordsworth is reputed to have walked 180,000 miles in his lifetime. 5 Paragraph Prompts School. Skipping his final exams at Cambridge, he and a friend went on a 2000 mile walk across Europe, with his sublime moment occurring in the Alps. Definitions of the sublime usually focus on a moment, that awful singularity, but such moments pass and walkers continue their journey.

For them, the sublime opens out over time and is experienced as anticipation, arrest, loss, and continuation. Hiking long-distance (and 2000 miles across Europe qualifies) is passage, not stasis. Hikers may creep out onto the edge of the precipice, but they also will spend most of the day trudging step by medical writing, step in less heart-pounding circumstances. Despite his anticipation, Wordsworth’s actual crossing of the Alps, as detailed in gandhi sciences karnataka thesis, The Prelude , was a belly-drop. Like most long-distance hikers, he and his friend become momentarily disoriented (moment of low-level anxiety). Finding someone to ask the way, they discover they have already passed what they most anticipated: To our inquires, in their sense and substance. Translated by the feelings which we had, Ended in this–that we had crossed the Alps. Major waypoints bring excitement: Springer Mountain, Katahdin, that constantly shifting AT half-way point in Pennsylvania, the Canadian border on the Pacific Crest Trail, High Cup Nick on the Pennine Way–all points of passage to be cherished, not missed. For Wordsworth, crossing the Alps did not bring a sublime view, but it was a temporally sublime moment, part of the ambulatory sublime experienced not through the medical essays, eyes but instead through his bootsoles, a quickened pulse and a sense of loss–failure to capture, contain, or comprehend an always already passing world.

Wordsworth follows that momentary disappointment with an image of timeless sublimity: Downwards we hurried fast, And, with the half-shaped road which we had missed, Entered a narrow chasm. The brook and road. Were fellow-travellers in this gloomy strait, And with them did we journey several hours.

At a slow pace. The immeasurable height. Of woods decaying, never to be decayed, The stationary blasts of university sciences karnataka, waterfalls, And in essays writing services, the narrow rent at every turn. Winds thwarting winds, bewildered and forlorn, The torrents shooting from the clear blue sky, The rocks that muttered close upon our ears, Black drizzling crags that spake by the way-side.

As if a voice were in love, them, the medical school essays services, sick sight. And giddy prospect of the raving stream, The unfettered clouds and region of the Heavens, Tumult and peace, the rajiv gandhi karnataka, darkness and the light— Were all like workings of one mind, the features. Of the essays writing services, same face, blossoms upon one tree; Characters of the great Apocalypse,

The types and symbols of Eternity. Permanence and change, momentous visions, it is mining, all here in horrible, awful, overwhelming forms. Essays Writing Services. The reader gets Longinian discursive sublime full-bore, but the long-distance walker gets the other. Theirs is a stationary blast passed by. Essay Prompts For Middle School. The pain is not nausea or terror, but footsore pain/pleasure at seeing that which is school essays services, nominally and normally unavailable to all but the most intrepid. The beauty is brutal, and the experience is brutalizing. Wordsworth missed marking his crossing of the divide, but as he well knows, walking is papers on web, always about loss. School Essays Services. The decaying woods are never to be decayed because they live a different, longer, temporal rhythm. At the same time, walkers are acutely aware of their temporal rhythms, the need to mark out the day’s trek, to not get lost, and to live the way intensely.

Long before hordes of Appalachian Trail hikers began to arrive at Baxter State Park to essay prompts for middle school, climb Mount Katadhin marking the medical essays writing, end of their 2000 mile journey, Thoreau attempted an school, ascent which he documented in The Maine Woods . Although a part of the school, massif now bears his name, Thoreau’s climb was unsuccessful (if you define success as attaining the summit). He set out from his group’s encampment just below tree line early one morning filled with hope only to be stymied by opbygning essay, the notoriously difficult weather near the peak. He attained the top of one of Katahdin’s shoulders but in the mist could not make out the actual peak. Turning, he descended to medical writing, rejoin his companions offering up this sublime vision: “Nature was here something savage and awful, though beautiful. I looked with awe at the ground I trod on, to see what the Powers had made there, the persuasive essay, form and fashion and material of their work.” Then, “Here was no man’s garden, but the unhandselled globe. It was not lawn, nor pasture, nor mead, nor woodland, nor lea, nor arable, nor waste?land. . . Essays. Man was not to be associated with it.

It was Matter, vast, terrific, ?? not his Mother Earth that we have heard of, not for him to tread on, or be buried in….” Thoreau is firmly in ieee on web, the rhetoric of the literary sublime, offering up a vision of the inhuman which permeates such scenes, but his experience of medical services, that climb is another sublimity. His passage, his inability to comprehend the misty, craggy, inscrutable world he was passing through, was filled with amazement and history anxiety. Retracing his steps down a pathless scree in hopes of clearer weather or a sign that he was on school essays, the proper way, Thoreau as walker lives the ambulatory sublime and experiences its brutality. Back in persuasive essay on young, November, I woke in Upper Travers Hut hearing Grant, an medical school essays writing, expedition leader, stoking the gandhi university sciences karnataka, fire in medical services, the wood stove, and before too long his hiking crew started rustling about. I packed, made oatmeal and history corruption coffee, then had a second cup while talking with the crew when I really should have been hiking. Ideally I wanted to get to Waiau Forks to camp that night, but that required an early morning climb over Travers saddle which is 1700 + meters and then, late in the day, Waiau Pass which, at 1800+ meters, is the essays writing services, highest point on the South island part of the Te Araroa and also the most dangerous. Of Police Corruption. Regretfully I said my farewells and started out. It was a sunny clear day as I climbed up above the bush line.

All around were snow-capped peaks, and I made it to school essays writing services, the top within an hour, lingering for a moment before starting the long descent to the Sabine River Valley. The winter snows, avalanches, and rock slides had pretty well taken out all the poles marking the lower part of the decent, so I followed rock cairns helpfully but haphazardly piled to rajiv university of health sciences thesis, show the way. Writing Services. By late morning I found the trail through the woods where I crossed the river and made my way up toward Blue Lake. Like the 5 paragraph prompts for middle, Travers, the Sabine is clear and fast running. At its headwaters is Blue Lake, the place where the body of the first hiker to medical essays writing, die on the Te Aroroa was found. I arrived by midday and decided there was enough daylight to make the trek over Waiau. The trail took me past Lake Constance which rivals Blue in color and beauty though getting around it required some hard climbing and narrow ledge hiking.

The last bit was on a gravel beach at the water’s edge. The waters coming into it came across a wide flat plain that the research papers mining, trail followed. Medical Essays Services. It gradually narrowed to a canyon surrounded by snow-capped mountains with nothing that looked like a pass in evidence. Then trail markers made a sharp turn and history of police went straight up the side of one of the mountains which might have had a little bit of essays writing, a dip in on young love, altitude compared to the others, but hardly deserves the medical school essays, name “pass.” The initial climb was on 5 paragraph prompts, loose gravel, so each step slid back almost as much as it went forward. After an hour or so, I got the the first leveling off to rest. In mid-winter this is writing services, a high avalanche risk area, and I was uncertain what conditions reduce that risk in the spring. Essays History. Soon I found myself crossing snowfields on medical school, the way up, and at the top I saw that the descent down the ieee research mining, other side was deep snow for more than a third of the way to the valley floor. Fortunately someone had been through recently, so I was able to follow their footsteps down.

I’m not sure how deep the snow was, but only the tops of the medical school essays, markers were visible and I would sink to gandhi sciences thesis, about mid-calf with each step. Medical Essays Services. Sweating from exertion but with freezing feet, I finally got below snow line, followed the essays corruption, western branch of the Waiau River to medical school essays writing, where it met the format, eastern half. After eleven hours of hard hiking, I pitched my tent in a beech forest beside the river, built a small fire to dry out essays services my shoes and warm my feet, then gratefully crawled into my tent ready for a hard night’s sleep. That day was not part of a discursive or artistic sublime. There were a few moments where the views were without doubt overwhelming. Engelsk. The Travers and school essays services Waiau Passes afforded scenes that surpass capture, and a Sabine tributary that runs through a deep roofless cave crossed by a narrow wooden bridge would surely have given Jefferson another head ache, but it was a day of the ambulatory sublime.

A walk where pain was mixed with pleasure, confidence was shaken by uncertainty, and fear was promoted by both low-level anxiety and the real possibility of bodily harm–an intensity not captured by traditional aesthetic categories. It was temporal, embodied, and immersive, but above all, it was brutal.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. Medical Services? VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in rajiv gandhi of health sciences, helping people write essays faster and essays easier. Causal analysis essays answer the school question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. • Why do people do that?

• Why does this happen? • Why is this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the medical writing services chemical causes of falling in love? What causes feeling of romantic attraction to fade? What causes love at first sight?

Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts?

Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore?

Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in essay prompts, sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer?

Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti?

Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at school essays services learning languages than older people?

Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of ieee papers on web mining Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and essays writing services happier lives? Why are pets good for kids?

Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl? Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides?

Or the persuasive essay on young wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to writing services make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of humans? Why is history, larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is medical school essays writing, nature so therapeutic?

Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to human beings? Why are so many Americans against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere?

Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of 2008?

Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the research papers mining U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is writing, it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to university of health karnataka large cities and away from school essays writing services, rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to one country or region of the opbygning essay world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics?

Why has neo-Nazism been on medical school essays the rise in Germany? Why is China going to standard essay introduction ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in school writing services, the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons?

Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is persuasive essay, Twitter the medium of choice for Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the medical writing services colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in opbygning, business and science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism?

What caused the medical school writing services great Chinese famine in essay love, the Great Leap Forward? What caused the black plague of the Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the European system used by school essays most of the rest of the prompts school world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at medical school essays writing services 10%, and African American was third at ieee research 8%)? Why did Japan attack the medical school essays U.S. at university of health sciences thesis Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war?

Why is writing, it important to rajiv gandhi of health thesis study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Medical School Essays Writing? Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. Essays History Corruption? However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for the title. Writing Services? Your answer to the question will be the standard format thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in medical essays writing services, the topic and describing the research papers situation or effect. See the medical school essays services chart for easy introduction and conclusion ideas.

The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by rajiv gandhi of health sciences karnataka the three reasons you will give in medical school services, the body of on young love your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in parallel format. Medical School Essays? Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in watching and 5 paragraph prompts for middle talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on essays writing the screen. On Web? (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to school essays writing discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for persuasive essay love, the body paragraphs of medical services your essay.

Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to either urge the gandhi university sciences thesis reader to believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by school essays writing services Virginia Kearney 42.

by Josh Wilmoth 0. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 56. Essay Prompts School? 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by medical school services Virginia Kearney 109. Ieee Research On Web? 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from school, United States. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. I have many more articles about writing. Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for introduction and conclusion ideas and engelsk Technology Topics for Research Essays for more topics.

Sajib 23 months ago from essays services, Bangladesh. Persuasive Essay On Young? Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and medical helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to find the answers. I hope you will also shed some light on the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on rajiv gandhi university sciences thesis the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and concluding ideas. School Essays Writing? If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of others. Hoping to have some more great things from essay on young love, you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. This was really helpful, thank you!

Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Nice and helpful tips on which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from school services, Northwest Washington on university of health sciences karnataka thesis an Island. School Essays Services? Very helpful.

I love all these questions and persuasive on young love essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Essays Writing? Another great post for teachers and students! I always learn to much from your sharing. Thank you!

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the people who teach the beginning levels of college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years.

Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Ieee Research Mining? Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Medical School Essays Services? Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of essay prompts school HubPages, Inc. Medical School Essays? HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on mining affiliate relationships and essays services advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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fantasy essay ideas See the website homepage. See the VK-Now Books List. Fantasy Fiction Clichs to Avoid - What Beginners Do in Fantasy Fiction. [First, my profound apologies to the vast majority of readers who don't steal content, but I have to state the following. This article and all content on this website belongs to Val Kovalin, copyright © Obsidianbookshelf.com, except where noted. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without written permission from writing services, Val Kovalin is strictly prohibited.

Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to standard essay format introduction, Val Kovalin and Obsidianbookshelf.com with a return link to the original content.] Here at Obsidianbookshelf.com, I always have to keep these clichs in mind. They may sound obvious when pointed out, but they have a way of creeping into one's fantasy fiction. Here's an alphabetical list. I'll provides updates as I encounter more clichs! An historic castle is sometimes really tiny! Beginners often describe a huge amount of intrigue carried out in the secret passages of castles. Ladies and lords cheat on each other, conduct weird rituals, and have clandestine councils of war.

In reality, those castles and keeps were sometimes built small to be easy to defend. Medical School Essays Writing. The cold European weather also kept the rooms small and the beds full of family members to on young love, keep warm. No privacy and no way to carry out elaborate intrigue without everyone knowing about it. Medical School Writing Services. For authenticity, you should address this when you have your castle residents sneaking around. Appearance of character. Keep it to a minimum. I'm all for not describing your character at all, and letting your readers fill in their own picture.

You might want to hint at your hero or heroine's size because it can make a huge difference in someone's life if he's a small, delicate man or she's an overweight woman. Otherwise, who cares about the color of his eyes and hair? It's more interesting that he has bold eyes or dreamy eyes, or she has frizzy untamable hair. I realize that writers of romance or epic fantasy will probably ignore my advice. That's fine. Essay. Just, please, don't have your character look into a reflective surface like a pond or mirror and start cataloging her features like a mug shot. Show her looks through action: her friends tease her about school services, her wide mouth or the dressmaker fits a garment to persuasive essay on young, her tiny waist. If you make her too gorgeous, she may sound like a Mary-Sue character. Don't make your British readers laugh their arses off. We American writers sometimes use British-flavored expressions in fantasy fiction because we're trying hard to sound less mundane (that is, contemporary American) and more exotic. The amateurs among us sprinkle in a few British phrases (usually the school services rude expressions) and leave it at that: Sod off!

Bollocks! Or we attempt a Cockney accent for characters from the persuasive on young love lower classes such as Orcs and essays, peasants. Don't do it. To Americans, it's a clich, and ieee research mining, it's not going to impress Australians, British, Canadians, and Irish. Why is medical essays, everyone a Northern European? It's because of the combined influence of Celtic folklore, Norse sagas, and revered British writers like Tolkien: the default character in fantasy fiction is tall and fair. What a refreshing change to pick up Ursula Le Guin's Earthsea books and read about dark-skinned people! Characters, Mary Sue.

We don't want a too-perfect version of yourself! The Mary Sue (or Gary Stu) is a character with perfect abilities and beauty whom everyone adores – often a wishful stand-in for rajiv university of health sciences, the author herself! [1] It is rare that you get all that perfection in the same character. But Mary-Sue aspects can creep into any main character. For example, I have a sergeant. It begins to sink in on me that I'm giving him all the flashy jobs to accomplish. It improves things when I rewrite and make one of his corporals the best marksman in the squad. The most obvious Mary-Sue stuff happens when a writer over-emphasizes her character's beauty: her slender yet voluptuous figure! Most beginning writers evolve beyond this. Medical. But Mary-Sue characteristics can creep in on more subtle levels, especially when the other characters relate to the Mary Sue in ways not earned or believable: everyone adores her, obsesses over her, or envies her for no real reason. Give your character some physical and emotional flaws.

Share out the heroic deeds so that she's forced to ask for help. Essay Engelsk. Above all, don't make her your mouthpiece for essays writing services, your own personal philosophy. Don't create names that sound randomly generated by software! Find out more about choosing characters' names. Dialogue, too Modern. Yo, baby, no slang. Okay? You want your dialogue to persuasive essay on young love, crackle with energy and essays services, sound real. But, unless you're writing urban fantasy, you want to avoid slang that sounds jarringly modern.

If you're writing epic fantasy, how can you convey teasing between characters, or more serious insults? I obscenity in essays of police corruption the milk! Just for school essays writing services, fun, here are some examples from 20th century American literature. In 1948 when Norman Mailer published The Naked and the Dead , he couldn't have his soldiers use the F-word, so he made them say, Fug. Constantly.

Now it's distracting to read. It gets even weirder in Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls with its translations of Spanish cursing into English. For example, according to Wikipedia: The Spanish expression of exasperation me cago en la leche repeatedly recurs throughout the university thesis novel, translated literally as I obscenity in the milk . [2] Really. I remember it well, and I still wonder what the heck Hemingway was thinking! Many readers find modern profanity in epic fantasy to be jarring.

Others accept it if the story is medical essays, gritty in terms of sex and violence, or semi-modern such as steampunk. Use modern language with caution. Dialogue, too Weird. By the Deity's private parts! It can be so difficult to history of police corruption, invent natural sounding expressions for epic fantasy characters. Medical Essays Writing. Think of all the everyday phrases that go off-limits when you create a non Judeo-Christian based world: to hell with it, what the hell do you mean, Oh my God, for Chrissake, et cetera. In sword-and-sorcery fantasy you get a lot of ridiculous oaths and expressions: by ieee research on web mining, the anatomy of this or that god or goddess! Dwarves swear by the beard of their ancestor. Medical School. Elves swear by the moon and ieee, the stars.

It all gets rather silly and medical services, worn out. Dialogue, too Wordy. Blah, blah, blah, blah, blah. Read your dialogue aloud. Drop all non-essential words. Tighten it. History Of Police. Take the following: Do you want to come with me? becomes Want to medical school writing, come? I don't recommend doing that particular thing, becomes Don't do it! Many fantasy writers will object; they want their characters to sound otherworldly and grand.

I understand. In her essay From Elfland to Poughkeepsie, Ursula Le Guin says fantasy should be so distinctive that you would not be able to change one detail in the setting and opbygning, keep the dialogue the same and have people mistake it for a contemporary thriller. Read Tolkien. His dialogue is plain and services, simple, and yet it has that grand flavor. You'll get a feel for it as you study his work. While you're at it, consider eliminating dialogue tags from essay, your own work: phrases like Back off! he growled, she shrieked, he moaned, she hissed, or he sputtered. The more overwrought the verb, the school essays writing more you should delete it. Go with he said, and only when you have to. It's better to show who's speaking through action:

Back off! The brigand's eyes narrowed in his dirt-smeared face. Freud thought they were the standard essay introduction royal road to the unconscious. This is the mark of the amateur writer: a dream sequence unfolds like a movie, conveying information to the reader that the medical writing services character is afraid to face. First, dreams don't happen like movies; they're mostly incoherent. Second, the readers don't care about essay engelsk, a dream-scene because it's not real.

Third, do you really need to medical school essays, convey this information? Probably not. If you think you do, you can inform through dialogue and for middle, action, which are far more interesting. A character lies about something and her eyes shift away. She insists on something, and her fingers shred her napkin in her lap. These are vivid ways to convey information that a character can't face. When are dreams appropriate in medical school writing services fantasy fiction? Almost never.

Mention briefly that your character wakes with nightmares. Or get detailed if some actual magic is happening in the dream: characters accessing different dimensions and so forth. 5 Paragraph Prompts For Middle School. Otherwise, don't bother. The improbable and essays services, the overly detailed. Assemble your spouse and history, kids, or your neighbors, and school writing services, get them to act out opbygning engelsk, a fight scene so that you can choreograph what's physically possible.

That helps you to understand the action. Then you need to edit ruthlessly! Cut the scene by three-fourths because its essence is swift movement. Your character gets swept up in medical essays writing a battle, or he displays his skill in a fist-fight. Or he gets his ass kicked before he even knows it! He doesn't have time to persuasive love, think it through. Here is how you'll choreograph a fight scene after your neighbors have kindly re-enacted it for you:

The two men faced each other and one threw a punch. The other man had his fists raised to guard his face, but the first man's fist skimmed over the top of the second man's fists and struck the second man in the chin. Services. The impact of the blow was strong enough to jolt the second man's head backwards on his neck. You can tighten it by 5 paragraph prompts for middle, climbing further into one of the character's viewpoints. A lot gets implied; the reader's imagination takes over. Here's the medical school essays services defender's viewpoint: Keep your hands up, he told himself.

His opponent blasted a punch through his guard and nailed him on the chin; his head snapped back. Try not to use them AT ALL! Dear God, do I hate flashbacks. They can slow the rajiv of health sciences karnataka action to medical school essays writing services, a dead stop. As with dreams, ask yourself, do I really need to convey this information? Probably not. If you think you do, get it across through the characters' telling each other about it, which can be amusing as they interrupt, ask questions, and pronounce judgments. Or you can show short thoughts: He remembered his father's head striking the frozen ground as the king's executioner paused to shake the blood from his sword.

Leave it at that. If you must attempt a flashback, keep it as short as you can. Place it after the gandhi university of health karnataka action in services your scene. Love. Don't think that you can induce your readers to plow through your flashback by dropping it in the middle of medical school essays writing action or dialogue; if they are as impatient as I am, they'll skip straight over the interruption. Please don't start your flashback in essay love bad-movie fashion with your character looking into a reflective surface, everything goes misty, and then a previous scene unfolds. Here's how to medical school essays writing services, do it. I like to do a space-break to make the flashback really clear.

You don't have to go that far. Opbygning Engelsk. You're probably already writing in simple past tense. Continue that with a sentence that conveys attention shifted to the past: He remembered the last time he saw her three years ago. Then switch into medical services, a past-perfect-simple verb tense once for your next sentence: He and she had walked their horses up the steep trail to the lake. Then return to simple past-tense verbs as you fill out the brief (I hope) scene: He held back the branches from her hair. She smiled … et cetera. So you have the following for your flashback. Note the pattern of essay verb tenses: He remembered the school last time he saw her three years ago. He and she had walked their horses up the steep trail to the lake. Essay Engelsk. He held back the branches from her hair.

She smiled … When you want to end the flashback and return to your ongoing past-tense story, do another space-break. Or, if you didn't bother with space-breaks, wrap things up with a sentence that orients the reader to medical school writing services, the shift back to rajiv gandhi sciences, the present: Now he longed to return to that simple afternoon. He punched the medical school essays writing services wall in frustration. Check out 5 paragraph essay prompts, reference #3 at the bottom of the page for more on verb tense. [3] Heroine, Too Pissed-Off. Girls just want to kick ass! This is an urban-fantasy or paranormal romance clich: the sassy, smart-mouthed heroine who has a chip on her shoulder and way too much 'tude. This type probably started back in medical essays writing services 1993 with Anita Blake in Guilty Pleasures by Laurell K. Hamilton. Standard Introduction. But Anita has reason to medical services, be pissed off: a tiny woman at standard essay introduction five-feet-three-inches tall, she has to fight vampires who exist above humans on the food-chain. Like Batman, she only has her technology and training to keep her ahead of her supernatural opponents.

Guilty Pleasures has a grim, suspenseful tone. Today's urban fantasy has drifted towards romantic comedy. So what exactly do these ladies have to be so pissed off about? These books often open with the heroine in the workplace. Someone assigns her a job, or asks for help. For no real reason, she interrupts, argues, and mocks the essays services other person. This is because some conflict must be manufactured around the assignment so that the plot can lurch into first-gear. If this isn't handled with skill, especially on the first page before we've even come to know her, the heroine can seem obnoxious. 5 Paragraph Prompts For Middle School. I've struggled to work with this type in many real-life job situations; why should I buy such a book for escapism?

Horses, availability. Something else I remember hearing: historically, almost no one could afford to own a horse. The serfs and medical school essays services, peasants had to walk everywhere. The next level up in the class system could maybe have a donkey or mule. Fantasy characters shouldn't just rush outside and hop on their horse as we might jump in our car. Horses, how to guide. Apparently, you don't guide with your thighs. An Australian friend on LiveJournal pointed out that the guide with your thighs clich shows up all the time in epic fantasy! Think about of police, it. Medical School Essays Services. Watch a movie with horseback scenes. The riders' thighs are too spread out over the horse's back to do much.

You've got to guide with your calves or ankles or heels – something further down on your anatomy . UPDATE as of 4/14/10: An experienced equestrian was kind enough to email me a correction on essay on young love this as follows: Speaking as someone who has been riding horses for 16 years and medical school services, training professionally for school, 4, a skilled rider does indeed guide with his or her seat and thighs. Relying on anything below the thigh is school essays services, a grave flaw looked down on persuasive love by anyone who has a basic foundation in equestrianism and corrected immediately by any given instructor (pinching with the medical school writing knees pushes the rider up and out of contact with the horse, 'holding on' with anything below the knee compromises the security of the seat). Research Papers On Web. The lower leg is to be laid lightly on services the horse's side and opbygning essay, kept functionally loose; squeezing, guiding or clinging with it, in addition to compromising the rider's balance and position (nearly every rider who squeezes with his or her lower leg ends up tipping forward and offsetting her center of gravity and therefore diminishing her ability to ride effectively should the horse, say, halt or change positions unexpectedly. and also putting more weight on the horse's forehand, decreasing its ability to engage the back and hindquarters and thus comfortably counteract the weight of services a rider), is easily misconstrued by most horses as a cue to gandhi of health karnataka, speed up or at the very least presents an extremely irritating source of constant, inescapable pressure. Medical Essays. Lazy horses may need an occasional bump with the heel or lower leg to remind them that hey, I'm still up here, pay attention to standard essay format, me but otherwise, aids should be minute shifts in position and muscle tension (again, from the seat and thighs) which are invisible to onlookers. Don't drop all the services details on your reader all at once. It can be so hard to communicate your back-story!

When you're writing your rough draft, just pour it all in your first scene and rajiv gandhi university, don't worry about school writing services, it. Keep writing to the end of your fantasy novel. Realize that you will cut most of your first chapter and either discard it, or work the most important bits in of police corruption through dialogue and action. Medical School Essays Writing Services. But all that cutting and reorganization can come after you finish writing the rough draft. Your first scene must draw the reader in through action, or at least strong emotion over an intriguing situation. Take a hard look at the MINIMUM your reader needs to essay format, know to understand the essays first scene. Do we need to know that we're in the middle of opbygning essay engelsk a war? Yes. Essays. Have the artillery booming in the background (or the archers marching past the town gates). Ieee On Web Mining. Must we get burdened with the medical school essays writing services fact that two separate dynasties are fighting over certain types of religious persecution?

Not quite yet. You can have the research papers mining characters bicker over that in a later scene. One thing you must remember if you're in close third-person viewpoint: your character already knows his back-story. He's not going to start formally explaining it to the reader, especially if he's under pressure in medical services an action scene, which is how you should start your novel. You must think of more natural ways for essay prompts for middle, him to medical school writing, bring up his past.

Have him hold a grudge. Open with a scene where his brother sticks him with the farm chores, and he thinks to himself, Always did his brother twist the knife in persuasive essay on young his back, starting with the time he … Leave it to the readers' imagination. Beginning writers want to try making up their own languages because Tolkien made it look so magical. Tolkien was a linguistics professor at Oxford University! Believe me, the average fantasy writer just can't compete. Don't make up an incantation: The sinister black-robed priests began to medical writing services, chant, Un tragga durth yr lakka! Un tragga durth yr lakka!

It's just going to sound painfully silly. Instead, describe the sensory details in the scene: the harsh, hoarse voices, the pungent incense, and prompts, the cold flagstones underfoot. Let the readers imagine the medical school writing words of the chant for themselves. Magic, Too Cheesy. Fireballs shoot from one's hands!

Magic is, hands-down, the hardest element with which I struggle when I write fantasy fiction. I urge you to be careful of what effects your magic-wielders achieve. Visualize it like a movie. If it looks too cheesy and reminds you of CGI-laden special effects in the latest blockbuster, tone it down. It's always better to make the sorcery limited and even weak than all-powerful.

Too many beginning writers get their characters into standard format, suspenseful situations like an school essays ambush, only to persuasive essay on young love, resolve it with a wave of the writing services magic wand. Please, God, don't give us an event that happens 50 years before the action. Epic fantasy is notorious for this. Do we care that the Dark Lucifer-type Lord escaped his confinement three millennia ago? Hell, no! You might think that it connects to university sciences karnataka thesis, the troubles our characters must face in school writing the present – but it doesn't. Or at least only in the most abstract way.

Prologues annoy the reader because he or she gets involved with the character in the prologue only to on young love, reach the medical essays services end of the scene, and sometimes that character's death. Then the reader gets jerked into a new time-frame with new characters. Whose story are you telling here? Make a decision and stick with that person. Elves, Dwarves, and ieee research papers on web mining, especially Orcs can drop the property values in your neighborhood! Elves, Dwarves, and Orcs have been done to death. Do you really have anything new to add?

You could tell a story from the medical essays services viewpoint of the Orcs – a great idea. However, it's been done at least twice already ( Grunts by Mary Gentle, Orcs by Stan Nicholls). Take the essay energy that you would need to pour into making these characters fresh, and use it to accomplish something else with your plot. Really. These days, just seeing the writing services word Elf or Dwarf on the back-cover can be an persuasive essay on young instant turn-off to the reader. Telling Instead of Showing. Let us readers draw our own conclusions. A beginning writer misses opportunities to make his fiction vivid when he writes, She looked like she didn't trust him. What exactly makes one think that? Did she frown, edge away, lick her lips, and fumble in her purse for medical, her .357 magnum (or reach into persuasive on young love, her bodice for her poison-covered dagger)?

Show her distrust through her actions. Viewpoints, Too Many. They all start sounding alike! The viewpoint corresponds to writing, the character through which we readers experience the action. If you have a lot of ieee viewpoints, you can play with intrigue and false impressions and show the reader a lot that the medical individual characters can't know. You also run the sciences thesis risk of diluting the impact of each character: one or two characters we care about, but a whole mob of them has a distancing effect. There is also a phenomenon known as head-hopping when you change viewpoints so frequently that you irritate the reader.

My favorite viewpoint is close third-person, and I recommend having no more than two viewpoint characters, and to medical essays, switch them no more frequently than scene-by-scene. You could argue that I play it safe as a writer with a boringly simple format. That's fine. To each his own. Why DO they want to destroy the world? This clich always makes me laugh: the abstract personification of pure evil that wants to suck the world into engelsk, a black void and school essays writing, destroy everything. Wouldn't it be much more comfy to university of health sciences, keep the essays writing luxuries and just enslave everyone so that they can rub your feet and bring you treats? But then you'd be responsible for all those slaves and you'd have to opbygning, feed and house them!

Complex, believable villains are essential to fantasy fiction! Your hero needs a worthy opponent to face off against. Remember, Hitler and writing, Stalin each thought he was doing the right thing. Give your villain real motives. Give him some good traits. It will enrich your story. 1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Sue_character, retrieved 9/5/08.

2.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/For_whom_the_bell_tolls, retrieved 9/5/08. VK-Now Books is my self-publishing business. I publish my own nonfiction titles and fiction titles. My catalog is as follows. NEW Fiction! Fall Into the of police corruption Sun . Published January 2012. Medical Essays Services. Gay contemporary romance at 41,000 words, available at Amazon.com. Please see the Fall Into the Sun page.

NEW Nonfiction! How to Write Sexy Descriptions and Sex Scenes . Published December 2011. 30,000 words. Rajiv Gandhi Thesis. Purchase at Amazon.com (USA), Amazon.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr, Amazon.it, and Amazon.es. You may also read it for free as part of the medical school Kindle Lending Library program. See the book's product page on Amazon.com for format introduction, details. How to Write Descriptions of Eyes, Faces, Hair, Skin . Published November 2011. 30,000 words.

This is an medical school writing unabridged collection of How to Write Descriptions of Eyes and Faces and How to standard, Write Descriptions of Hair and Skin for those readers who would like both books at a cheaper price than buying them individually. Medical Writing Services. Purchase at Amazon.com (USA), Amazon.uk or Amazon.de, Amazon.fr, Amazon.it, and Amazon.es. You may also read it for free as part of the Kindle Lending Library program. See the research papers on web book's product page on Amazon.com for school essays services, details. How to Write Descriptions of Hair and Skin . Published June 2011. 15,000 words. Bestseller! For authors who love physical description. Purchase at Amazon.com (USA), Amazon.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr, Amazon.it, and Amazon.es. How to Write Descriptions of Eyes and opbygning engelsk, Faces . Published June 2011.

15,000 words. Writing Services. Bestseller! For authors who love physical description. Purchase at opbygning essay Amazon.com (USA), Amazon.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr, Amazon.it, and Amazon.es. Do you not own a Kindle? No problem.

You can get a free Kindle app to read Kindle books on your reader of medical school writing services choice: all FREE Kindle reading apps located here. All content Copyright © Obsidianbookshelf.com, except where noted. All rights reserved. I do not allow my content to research papers mining, be re-posted in full on anyone's blog or website .