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Black Watch Play By Gregory Burke Essays and gattaca essays Research Papers. The Thesis Of Marijuana? ? Black watch review Summary____________________________________________________ In reality Black . Gattaca Essays? Watch is a Scottish regiment, and a quite well-known one apparently. The theatre play “The Black Watch ” is dubliners a biography of gattaca perfection this particular regiment. The play is based on interviews taken from Gregory Burke with former soldiers of the British Army during the Iraq war in 2004. Seen from the perspective of the essay through, soldiers in the regiment, Black Watch is about the gattaca perfection, journey they have fought their war way through. 2003 invasion of essay of frankenstein Iraq , Drama , Iraq 483 Words | 2 Pages. political and social turmoil between the Conservatives and Liberals. The controversy between these two opposing sides resulted in an intellectual and . analytical war in France.
Two citizens in gattaca particular, Edmund Burke and Mary Wollstonecraft, used the press as a means of spreading their ideas. Burke decided to write an essay called Reflections on the Revolution in France, which discussed his conservative views. Within a month of Burke’s essay being published, Mary Wollstonecraft decided to fight back and. Essay Service? Age of Enlightenment , Conservatism , Edmund Burke 1067 Words | 3 Pages. HOW FAR DO POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES OF EITHER HOBBES AND LOCKE OR PAINE AND BURKE DIFFER. This essay will examine the philosophical . Essays? difference between Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine relating to on community the French and gattaca American Revolutions at the late Eighteenth Century. We are going to present a summary of the debate between these two different philosophers in the first part of this essay.
The pros and cons of each man will be looked at in the second and third part of the essay and the final part of this. About Spent? Age of Enlightenment , American Revolution , Democracy 1638 Words | 5 Pages. pleasure and power that was not there before. Since he has no more limits on his logic his imagination can run free as he comes to terms with the gattaca essays, ubiquitous . notion that understanding the sublime opens up many unexplored pathways. Part 2 Edmund Burke gives us his version of the sublime in his book, A Philosophical Enquiry into essay the Origin of essays our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful. He links beauty with pleasure and dubliners sublimity with pain and terror. He views the beautiful as what is aesthetically pleasing. Gattaca? A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful , Aesthetics , Empiricism 1502 Words | 5 Pages.
response to of frankenstein a live performance – The Woman in Black On Thursday the gattaca, 28th February we went to dubliners essay see a production of The Woman in . Black at York Theatre Royal. The Woman in Black is a thriller, which was taken from the gattaca essays perfection, novel by Susan Hill. Essay Benefits? It was about a solicitor who is sent to look at essays perfection, the legal documents of an old lady who has recently died in a large house. When the man checks the documents he is locked in and haunted by the spectral woman in black and slowly uncovers the horrific secrets that. Acting , Actor , Change 1759 Words | 4 Pages. Essay On Poverty Ict? Play is what children wants to do and what they choose to do when given the freedom, independence, time and space to determine their own . behaviour. Essays Perfection? All children have a natural desire to play and will therefore play anywhere they are given the on poverty through, opportunity.
Children’s play can be happy or sad, loud or quiet, calm or chaotic, creative or destructive, sociable or isolated and imaginative or real. Sometimes play can be risky, other times it will be boisterous and a lot of the time it will just seem plain. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Learning 1640 Words | 5 Pages. answer. c) Identify and comment on TWO poetic devices used in each poem to highlight the workings of oppression or racism. Dreaming Black . Boy and gattaca essays perfection Epitaph are two poems which address the issues of oppression and racism. though they both deal with the same problem, it is handled and discussed differently. In Dreaming Black Boy, the persona, a young black boy in school, talks about his aspirations and analytical essay dreams. He hopes for an end to racism. The persona tries to use his education to try to. Black people , Haiti , Miscegenation 1021 Words | 3 Pages. fEATURE THE BENEFITS OF PLAY Play has positive implications for cognitive developmen Play stimulates . children's imagination, aids problem-solving and contribules 10 children's creativity. The important role of gattaca exploratory play has been confirmed Both scholars and praditioners argue that by benefits neuroscience.
According to Mustard (20051, ploy-based learning, if 'properly ' play is pedagogy'; but, otthe same time, designed, is actually problem-based learning . one of the best strotcgics. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 435 Words | 4 Pages. Gattaca Essays Perfection? ? In the play “Romeo and Juliet” by William Shakespeare, we are introduced to a controversial yet crucial character named Mercutio. However, in rivers . the gattaca, original Shakespeare play and the modern film adaption of Romeo and of marijuana Juliet by gattaca Luhrmann, the presentation of this character alters. Mercutio’s name derives from the word ‘mercurial’ which means eloquent, active sprightly and changeable, and Shakespeare purposely used this characters name as to present his character of this manner. In both the original. Actor , Characters in Romeo and Juliet , Mercutio 1373 Words | 2 Pages. The Black Sequin Dress takes us on a journey through the psychic state of a suburban housewife. Essay? The audience is gattaca essays taken to on community benefits the setting of a . nightclub where the woman falls and is rendered unconscious. As the play progresses we watch as the main character delves into her own subconscious within the underworld her mind has created. The woman encounters her deep-seated issues in regards to her identity and is also faced with her sensuality and hidden desires (Wright, T. 1996).
The audience is taken through. Actor , Audience , Character 1864 Words | 5 Pages. Gregory Maqoma's Career in Choreography. GREGORY MAQOMA Gregory Maqoma was born in Soweto in 1973 There was a lot of political unrest in Soweto at this time. To . escape the tension of the uprisings, Maqoma developed an perfection, interest in dance His parents wanted him to become a soccer star or a doctor.
TRAINING Maqoma began training in 1990 He went on of frankenstein, to receive a scholarship to Belgium's Performing Arts Research and Training School CAREER His career as a choreographer was established while he was training in essays perfection Belgium He was. Africa , Choreography , Dance 833 Words | 4 Pages. Mass Communication – Assignment – BLACK SWAN Casts Release Date: December 3, 2010 (Limited) On DVD: March 29, 2011 Genre: Suspense, Drama . Essay On Poverty? Director: Darren Aronofsky Writer: Mark Heyman, John McLaughlin Cast: Natalie Portman, Mila Kunis, Vincent Cassel, Winona Ryder, Barbara Hershey, Sebastian Stan, Kristina Anapau Studio: Fox Searchlight Pictures Official site: blackswan2010.com Running Time: 103 minutes MPAA Rating: Rated R for strong sexual content, disturbing violent images, language and some. Black Swan , Darren Aronofsky , Michael Powell 1686 Words | 5 Pages. Evaluation of a Theatrical Performance - the gattaca perfection, Woman in Black. Theatrical Performance. Play : Women in Black . Style: Gran Guignal.
Our drama assessment was to watch the . play “Woman in Black ” at analytical essay of frankenstein, the Fortune Theatre in London. The original 1950’s play starred Orlando Wells and Michael Mears as the two main and gattaca essays only characters and essay directed by Robin Hereford. Set. As the curtain raised and the performance began a minimalist set was revealed; stool, chair, basket and a coat-rack. Initially, the minimalist set predicted that the play would be slow-moving, however. Atmosphere , Audience , Narrative 1500 Words | 5 Pages.
Essay 3 Toy guns: To Play or Not to Play Jennifer Thompson Baker College Online Division Children all over the world have . Essays? been playing with toy guns for generations. There are some toy guns that shoot darts, some that shoot BB’s, and about spent some that make a loud blast or noise. Some toy guns look very cartoonish and are bright colored, but some look very much like real guns, and are hard to tell that they are toys. Lately there has been so much gun violence affecting our world there has begun a heated. Gattaca? Cannon , Gun , Gun politics 2381 Words | 6 Pages. Kenneth Burke Kenneth Duva Burke (May 5, 1897 – November 19, 1993) was an American literary theorist and the thesis philosopher. . Burke's primary interests were in rhetoric and aesthetics. Burke became a highly distinguished writer after getting out of gattaca perfection college, and coursework starting off serving as an editor and critic instead, while he developed his relationships with other successful writers.
He would later return to the university to lecture and teach. Gattaca Essays? He was born on analytical essay, May 5 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Harold Bloom , Harry Chapin , Hart Crane 1575 Words | 5 Pages. Literature Midterm Essay 1 October 2013 Larry Neal’s “ Black Arts Movements” and Addison Gayle’s “The Black Aesthetic” are . Essays Perfection? two identical mission statements for the black audience: set yourself apart from the white culture and give your culture the recognition it deserves. Essay Reduction Through? The two pieces are similar in ideas and purposes. The black communities were tired of always adapting to the ways of the white culture because it was the “right” way to act. The black community wanted to define their own culture and. Gattaca Essays? African American , African American culture , Black people 1631 Words | 5 Pages. like to essay call “ Black Death”. Black Death is gattaca perfection not just the killing of African Americans but the incarceration of coursework us as well. We are . close to 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated populations. We are incarcerated at six times the essays perfection, rate of whites.
It amazes me just a little that African Americans were 58 percent of the thesis all prisoners in 2008, even though African Americans at that time only made up approximately one quarter of the US population. According to “Unlocking America”, if blacks were incarcerated. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 2588 Words | 7 Pages. 10/27/12 Black Swan Black Swan is a compelling and distinctive movie about a woman who is trying to gattaca essays perfection get in touch with her . Of Marijuana? dark side. Nina Sayers, the perfection, main character, has been chosen for the role of the Swan Queen, yet her innocence refuses to develop a relaxed mind throughout the film. Confusing her is the anxiety, hallucinations, and visions, which she has to analytical essay deal with in essays perfection order to achieve the state of analytical essay “perfection” she desires, as she progresses in evolving her role as the gattaca, Black Swan. Rivers Coursework? In this. Gattaca Essays? Alter ego , Darren Aronofsky , Mila Kunis 1247 Words | 4 Pages. The Thesis Of Marijuana? Black Athletes and gattaca essays the Effects of on community Their Sexuality. created because of the socially constructed characteristics of gender.
If a man participates in a woman’s sport or visa versa, controversy is created. In . addition, the question of an athlete’s sexuality comes into play . Randy Boyd, a black gay columnist at essays, Outsports.com stated, You’re black , you’re an coursework, athlete, you’re a Man with a capital M, and this is what you do, follow the script that has been given to you.” Many individuals also assume that all female athletes are lesbian. Perfection? In today’s society an. African American , Black people , Race 1222 Words | 4 Pages. together and neighbors watch each other’s back, then we can eliminate crime completely. However, we all know that as wonderful as that would . be, it is simply unrealistic. On the other hand, it is dubliners eveline possible to reduce the number of crimes to the minimum if the community come together and gattaca essays work with each other. Essay? Therefore, it is important to gattaca perfection have a research on about spent my holidays, how effective a neighborhood watch program really is after its implementation. Developing an effective neighborhood watch program is crucial to. Choice theory , Crime , Crime prevention 1962 Words | 6 Pages.
Title: A Soldier’s Play Professor: Wallace Bridges I really enjoyed this play as it kept me wondering what will happen . next and gattaca taught me some life lessons on how people react or make decisions. As I read on this play goes into the man Sergeant Vernon C. Waters personality and who he really was. We learn that Sergeant Waters hates being black and anyone who may exhibit black characteristics or stereotypes for example. For example in dubliners Act Two we learn that Sergeant Waters does not really. Affirmative action , African American , Black people 1184 Words | 3 Pages. ?What are the various individual experiences the TWO plays explored within Australian society? Neighbourhood watch explores the . individual experiences: Isolation- all the perfection, characters carry an element of loneliness. Catherine is essay isolated through the memory of Martin (previous boyfriend). Ken is isolated, in his own ‘World of Warcraft’. Ana’s angry temper leads her to live in isolation, stating ‘Ana no trust anyvon’ War- the flashbacks into Ana’s past through a non-linear structure project Ana’s past. Audience , Bringing Them Home , Character 2736 Words | 5 Pages. Black on black violence is an gattaca essays, enormous problem in the African-American community.
Living in a neighborhood that is mostly . minority, many may have witnessed a lot of black on black violence. The black on on poverty reduction, black violence has continued to arise in many communities and continues to be a problem around the world. Black on black violence is ignorant, and perfection many black Americans should be coming together instead of killing one another. African-Americans people should be helping each other achieve in the world. Rivers? African American , Black people , Crime 926 Words | 3 Pages. Neighborhood Watch Program Neighborhood Watch Program A Neighborhood Watch is a program where . Gattaca? neighbors look out for rivers their neighbor against criminal actively and reporting suspicious activity to the local police agency.
Community members can assist peace officers by essays perfection being the on poverty ict, eyes and ears within the neighborhood. A Neighborhood Watch program will be effective only if community members participate and cooperate with law enforcement to reduce crime within their neighborhood. Essays? A very. Crime , Crime prevention , Criminology 2036 Words | 6 Pages. Black Panther Party Take Away Points * Late 1960s counter culture and how the Black Panther Party reflected the coursework, change from . nonviolence to perfection violence of the rivers coursework, culture * What was the Black Panther Party? * Be able to identify who the two founders were * Identify the aims of the essays perfection, Black Panther Party * What were some actions taken by the Black Panther Party? * Black Panther Party Then amp; Now * Were they successful? Civil Rights Movement/ Counter Culture * Aims . African American , Black Panther Party , Black people 1127 Words | 5 Pages.
Swatch and the thesis the Global Watch Industry In the 1980's, Swiss watchmakers began to gattaca essays realize they needed to essay on community change their business model to fit into . a new global market place. They needed to gattaca essays perfection not only change their views of the market but the infrastructure of watch manufacturing. In order to compete on a global level they needed to improve their technology, design products that would appeal to new markets and be able to compete with other companies on quality and cost. During this time, a merger of two. ETA SA , Market , Marketing 1944 Words | 5 Pages. Formative Years Before the Papacy Gregory the essay on poverty reduction through, Great was born as Gregory , sometime between 540 and 545, to parents of good . station. He grew up in Rome, and was educated as best as was possible.
At the time, the (College of gattaca Rome?) had fallen from prominence into ruin after losing all of its grants and incomes from the Emperor Justinian and the thesis the educational culture of Rome was diminishing quickly as the city was torn between wars and invasions. Still, Gregory was educated to essays perfection the educational standards. Catholic Church , Diocese of Rome , Holy See 2330 Words | 7 Pages. Rivers Coursework? “ Black Leaders or Leading Blacks ” Michael Eric Dyson is an African American Georgetown University sociology professor . and perfection somebody has “bamboozled” – oops – I mean “convinced” Dr. Dyson that he has “juice” – clout – connections – influence that he doesn’t have. The American media reported that Michael Eric Dyson chided African American clergy members who refused to go for the okie-doke and back President Obama’s play when he [the president] came out in essay favor of same-gender marriage.
Dyson. Essays? African American , Black nationalism , Black supremacy 765 Words | 3 Pages. To Kill a Mockingbird Play Review. accusing her dad of being a nigger lover which then was an essay about my holidays, insult. Her father was being courageous of a black man being falsely accused of . raping a white girl. Her father, Atticus, is gattaca a criminal defence attorney only doing his job and not discriminating against this man.
The line in the book Shoot, all the bluejays you want, but remember its a sin to essay my holidays kill a mockingbird is gattaca essays referring to the black man in on poverty reduction ict the story, Tom. He symbolises a mockingbird because all mockingbirds do is essays sing for rivers our enjoyment. Acting , Actor , Audience 1602 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Woman In Black Review On the 7th of February 2012 we saw The Woman in Black in essays the Fortune Theatre, London. The . play is set in the Victorian or Edwardian era, but no dates are given about when the events within it take place. The play is a play within a play , with the character of Arthur Kipps retelling a story from his past to an Actor who he hopes will play him on stage for essay on poverty his family and friends. Kipps is a solicitor who was sent to essays perfection a remote house in the market town of Crythin Gifford to. Actor , Character , Drama 2016 Words | 5 Pages. alphabet. For instance, until the advent of Black History Month, our school children learned all of their black history when . Essay? they studied the plight of essays perfection slavery in the south prior to the Civil War. Very little truth was, and still is contained in our children’s textbooks about the depth of slavery’s pain in America.
So it was not a bad idea to set aside one month out essay of frankenstein of the year to concentrate on gattaca essays perfection, setting the record straight. Until the analytical essay of frankenstein, advent of Black History Month, the only information received about. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 1221 Words | 3 Pages. Gattaca Perfection? French Revolution Controversy: Burke/ Paine. ESSAY FLORA DI VINCENZO PAINE / BURKE : FRENCH REVOLUTION CONTROVERSY Introduction During the French Revolution, two writers . created an important controversy: Thomas Paine and Edmund Burke . They represented two opposing ideologies: conservatism ( Burke ) and radical liberalism (Paine). Rivers? The main idea of gattaca Burke was warning of the dangers of essay about trying to shape society according to abstract concepts and gattaca essays ideals, and as a representative of traditional English Conservatism. For Paine, it was. Age of Enlightenment , Conservatism , Democracy 1966 Words | 6 Pages. Essay Spent? ? Black Ops or Black Ops 2: Which One Calls You to Duty? Black Ops, released 11/09/10 OR . Black Ops 2, released 11/13/12 Black Ops or Black Ops 2: Which One Calls You to Duty? Are you the gattaca essays perfection, kind of video game player that likes war games and essay on poverty reduction zombies? Activision has produced several Call of essays Duty games.
Two of the most popular among them are Black Ops and Black Ops II. Of Frankenstein? They are both war games and they both have zombies. Essays Perfection? They have. Call of Duty , Difference , First-person shooter 983 Words | 3 Pages. actually graduating from college? Was it the bond that they shared as black women that was unknowingly motivating each other?
Literary . Review: Family and Friends a Strong Foundation “The education of Black women has always been considered an important investment in the future” ( Gregory 1995). Gregory (1995) is not the only author who believes this but in fact Coker (2003) and Collier-Thomas (1982) agree with her entirely. Black women are the backbone of the family as Collier-Thomas (1995) and. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 2122 Words | 6 Pages. The Thesis? The Harlem Renaissance: John Birks Gillespie and Selma Burke. The Harlem Renaissance was a time of gattaca great accomplishments among African Americans. Mary works of art, poetry, and music during this time became notable even . to today. Two very inspiring people of this time period were John Birks Gillespie and Selma Burke . John Birks “Dizzy” Gillespie was born on essay on poverty through ict, October 21, 1917 in Cheraw, South Carolina. Essays? He was the about, youngest of nine children. His father, James Gillespie, was a bricklayer and a musician on the side. His mother, Lottie Powe Gillespie, was a house wife.
Bebop , Cab Calloway , Charlie Parker 1092 Words | 3 Pages. Play Review A comedy play based on the mysterious murder of three ballet dancers, The Musical Comedy Murders of 1940 was . extremely on point, and well-executed, just one of those plays where the audience can reflect and admit that it was a great play . The overall plot was fairly predictable. With the unknown killer among a group of naive characters, we are obviously given the clue that one of the characters are faking their role. The play spends a good amount of time trying to discover who the. Actor , Character , Comedy 800 Words | 3 Pages. ?RESPONSE TO LIVE PERFOMANCE: THE WOMAN IN BLACK INTRODUCTION The Woman in gattaca essays perfection Black combines the power and intensity of live . On Community? theatre in cinematic way. The Woman in Black is an entertaining, unusually literary ghost drama. It features wonderfully discomfiting sound effects, super-serious characters to raise the level of essays terror, and a ghost of dreadful countenance, with nothing the about my holidays, least bit friendly about gattaca it. The novel was written by Susan Hill, she wrote this novel because she was inspired by. Essay On Community? Actor , Effects unit , Ghost 1308 Words | 4 Pages. participate in sports more responsibly. History and gattaca perfection Current State Race continues today to essay my holidays play a significant role in gattaca essays professional sports in . the United States.
Our history focus is on the four major sports in America today; professional ice hockey (NHL), major league baseball (MLB), professional football (NFL), and professional basketball (NBA). During the early years of major league baseball, segregation of Black and White players was commonplace because of racism. Today MLB is roughly 8.5% African. African American , Baltimore , Basketball 1504 Words | 4 Pages. Sax’s modern retelling of William Shakespeare’s Othello has the ability to speak to responders of different times and places as despite the shift in on poverty through ict context, . for both explore the universal concepts of misogynist attitudes and racism. Shakespeare’s play reflects traditional Elizabethan contexts and values in its exploration of such concepts whilst depicting a tragedy instigated by jealousy and mistrust; however, Geoffrey Sax’s 2001 representation of Othello, set in essays perfection contemporary London, focuses on. Essay On Poverty Reduction Ict? Desdemona , Gender , Iago 1038 Words | 3 Pages. the universal and controversial idea of “change if you love me”, and how the exterior, the physical appearance can both positively and negatively impact . confidence, and as a byproduct, either encourage faithful or unfaithful behavior. The black comedy of the perfection, play arises from the moral uncertainty wherein the dubliners eveline essay, audience is asked the rhetoric question “is it right to change someone for the sake of art?” The students that it was morally wrong to gattaca essays perfection manipulate people for essay on community the sake of art. This concept was. Audience , Audience theory , Comedy 1195 Words | 3 Pages.
Jaisha Andrews Mrs. Considine English 101, Section 506 7 August 2012 The Negative Effects of Being a Black Male in a “Post-Racial” Society . Essays? The University of Tennessee has 28,000 students, in which 7.59% of that total is African Americans. Of that 7.59% of African Americans, only 998.8 of them are African American males. Once these black males graduate, they will begin to search for the desired career that they have academically and socially prepared for at the University of Tennessee. Every. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 2364 Words | 7 Pages. Gregory Morris Course: 2215 Black Families in the U.S.
Fall 2013 Dorothy Smith- Ruiz, Ph.D. Paper 1 Brown v. Essay? The Board of . Education Fifty nine years after Brown v. the Board of Education, ask yourself are things progressively better for African Americans? Do we now live in a post racial society; were African- Americans receiving racial equality? Are African- Americans subjected to the same economic opportunities as their white counter parts, and is educational obtainment equal for both groups. African American , Barack Obama , Economic inequality 1366 Words | 4 Pages. Black money is hot topic of common debate in the country now. Gattaca Essays? This article explains in easily understandable way the various aspects of . black money, starting with defining black money, generation of black money, how black money is essay benefits washed and used as normal money, and need to tackle the black money menace, and other related aspects What does the term Black Money mean? Black money means,the money or income not declared for tax to the govt or relevant authorities, and hence the tax for.
Economics , Foreign exchange reserves , Government 1316 Words | 4 Pages. The black lung movement was a movement formed in the late 1960’s in which the miners fought for the health benefits to essays cover . black lung disease. Black lung is directly caused by mining and essay about spent working with coal. Mildred Mullins wrote this poem and hung it on essays perfection, the coffin of about her dead husband in the Capital to display what was going on, “Compensation we are asking, While alive and gattaca perfection still gasping; When life is o’er and hymns are sung, Then they’ll know we have black lung.( “Charleston Gazette” 15)” The miners. Essay Ict? Anthracite , Coal , Coal mining 2559 Words | 6 Pages. on social play . Gattaca Essays? Erik Erikson’s play theory is rivers coursework similar to Vygotsky because Erikson viewed play as a necessary factor . for social development. My extra credit paper is over the modern theorists. During the class lecture, I learned that Erik Erikson researched how the ego is the gattaca, child’s personality and on poverty reduction ict is responsible for a unified sense of self. Gattaca? Cognition and play was Piaget’s focus; Vygotsky researched a child’s ZPD development. Bruner researched his idea on problem solving. However, play is more way. Developmental psychology , Erik Erikson , Erikson's stages of psychosocial development 964 Words | 3 Pages. ?lucy Eng1020 02-10-14 Should Children Watch Television?
In United States, “Children watch 4 hours of television every day, . 28 hours a week and, sometimes, 10 hours on Saturdays and Sundays. Before their 18th birthday, children may view 25,000 hours of television” (Ni Chang 85). Essay On Community? Nowadays, technology has been developed and used in different ways. Many children spend a large amount of time on IPad, smart phone, and computer. Clearly, television has played an important role in most of the younger. Child , Childhood , Childhood obesity 1171 Words | 4 Pages. Ram Jam – “ Black Betty” (1977) In 1939 the gattaca essays, Musicraft Recording Label released a record which included the track, “ Black Betty” . by William Huddie Leadbetter better known as “Lead Belly.” “ Black Betty” had been said to be originated as far back as the rivers, 18th century or the essays perfection, early 1930’s. Lead Belly was the first one to rivers ever commercially record it however, giving him most of the credit for the song. Lead Belly was an gattaca, iconic American folk and blues musician, notable for his strong vocals, twelve-string.
Blues , Cymbal , Drum kit 1202 Words | 3 Pages. during apartheid being black meant you lost out in many privileges it also showed how black people where oppressed. In this poem . we see that Mbongeni Khumalo uses the word black in connection to all the essay on poverty reduction through ict, bad things. He highlights that there is this darkness associated with the colour black and that in gattaca essays the 1960’s when someone called you a black person it showed nothing good and that no one should be proud of being black . He also looks at all the words that start with “ black ” and if one looks deep into. The Thesis Of Marijuana? Black people , Blackness , Linguistics 1028 Words | 3 Pages. fifty-three year old big black man who is has been consumed with distrust and resentment. Essays? Troy has been married twice. His present wife is Rose . and they have a son named Cory. Troy’s son Lyons is his oldest son by a previous marriage.
Troy’s wife Rose is a dedicated wife and mother who takes care of her family to the best of her ability. Troy’s brother Gabriel was injured in on poverty reduction through War World II and has mental problems. Gattaca Perfection? Troy’s line of work is essay on poverty through a garbage man. Gattaca? He was disturbed that only the essay service benefits, black men did the heavy. African American , Black people , Miscegenation 1459 Words | 4 Pages. Karl Lagerfeld ‘Little Black Dress’ The ideological or aesthetic concerns that emerge during the western cultural period of modernity . still play a role in shaping the gattaca perfection, contemporary artefact. This essay explores the influence of freedom and individualism in the contemporary work by Karl Lagerfeld. Firstly, I will explore about the history background of the Little Black Dress(LBD) and how it become to emerged in the time between the wars and then how he had the genius and rivers unique talent to.
Chanel , Coco , Coco Chanel 885 Words | 3 Pages. Neighborhood Watch and Its Effect on the Community. Neighborhood Watch and its Effect on the Community The Neighborhood Watch program is one of the oldest forms of organized . community crime prevention in the United States. Its history dates back as far as the late 1960s. As a method of fighting and preventing crime in essays perfection residential communities, this program has shown to be very effective. This paper will cover the beginning of the coursework, Neighborhood Watch program, its growth up to the present day, and gattaca essays perfection a few of its success stories. Neighborhood Watch is one. Community , Crime , Crime prevention 1540 Words | 5 Pages. Of Marijuana? SESSION II DIRECT TAXES-AN OVERVIEW Rationale or Role of perfection taxation initiative in curbing black money In . the past year the public disclosure on the issue of essay reduction through ict corruption and perfection black money has come in the forefront with the active participation of the civil society and our parliamentary institutions.
There is the thesis of marijuana no doubt that manifestation of black money in social, economic and political space of gattaca our lives has a great effect on the institutions of governance and conduct. Income tax , International taxation , Tax 2132 Words | 6 Pages. WGST 300— BLACK CINEMA Option A: Select two or more films from coursework this course and compare and/or contrast them, using one or more of the above . Gattaca Essays Perfection? criteria (shared themes, etc.). SUPERFLY and DUTCHMAN “Lights, camera, and action!!” A popular phrase noted throughout the film and cinematic industry, but to directors, actors, and viewers of essay through ict African American or Black Cinema this famous phrase helped jumpstart a movement throughout the black culture. Starting with radical movies that explained racial undertones. African American , Black people , Human skin color 957 Words | 3 Pages. The Effects of Capitalism on Black Culture. Gattaca Perfection? America's black population, despite the civil rights movement, still has a long way to go in the United States before it is on rivers, equal footing. . While the law protects blacks from overt racism, there is a litany of problems facing the black community, many of which relate to gattaca essays perfection lack of opportunity for meaningful employment, absence of role models and very little political representation. Also as we will see, even though racism is frowned upon in polite society, it has not gone away. It has simply been.
American way , Black people , Poverty 1987 Words | 6 Pages. essay, I will be discussing Erving Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective and analyze it to the movie Black Swan. Erving Goffman’s dramaturgical . perspective of social interaction suggests that a person’s identity will change overtime based on interaction with others. It proposes that a person’s identity is not a stable and independent psychological entity. Goffman sees human interaction as a grand play . He forms a theatrical metaphor in rivers coursework defining the method in which one human being presents itself to. Erving Goffman , Girl , Impression management 1684 Words | 5 Pages. disabled and paying for gattaca perfection it with my grades, even though I am still doing the work. ACamfield_module2English_101704 . Photo:Wikipedia 1919 White Sox 1919 Black Sox Scandal ? The 1919 Black Sox Scandal refers to the Chicago White Sox baseball team “ throwing” the 1919 World Series to the Cincinatti Reds. According to Wikipedia, the entire conflict was started by 1st Baseman Arnold “Chick” Gandil. 1919 World Series , Black Sox Scandal , Chicago White Sox 1264 Words | 4 Pages. Black money or unaccounted money circulating in the parallel economy is a big menace to the economy.
It is also a cause of big loss in the . tax-revenues for the government. As such it needs to be curbed. Analytical Essay? Its elimination will benefit the essays perfection, economy in spent more than one way. It will also generate more revenues for perfection the government. Black money may be defined as the money that is generated by activities that are kept secret in the sense that these are not reported to the authorities. As such this money is analytical of frankenstein also. Corporate tax , Indirect tax , Progressive tax 2244 Words | 6 Pages. Causes for Generation of Black Money There are several factors responsible for the emergence – of black money. Gattaca Essays Perfection? It would be . relevant to discuss those factors so that a correct understanding about the genesis, growth and expansion of black money can be made. The principal factors are: (i) Beginning of the evil: The beginning of this evil can be traced to analytical essay the Second World War.
During this period supplies of industrial goods from the traditional suppliers of the West were cut off. Gattaca Essays Perfection? This resulted in. Corporate tax , Excise , Indirect tax 1306 Words | 4 Pages. Jackson’s song “ Black or White.” Whereas the racism is defined as a superior behavior against essay other race-thus making it inferior, the singer . refers to this term as “See, it’s not about races, just places, faces, where your blood comes from gattaca perfection is where your space is.” Michael Jackson, one of the most influential artists in the music industry, calls for equality in how people view and behave towards each other. The question, which this master thesis investigates, does it matter if you’re black or white. African American , Black people , Human skin color 2368 Words | 7 Pages. will address the coursework, position of black politician when it comes to race consciousness and essays deracialization, through the past, present and future.
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Genetic Perfection in Gattaca Essays …
oedipus themes essay by Ed Friedlander M.D. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. Essays. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 3, 2010. If you are a student assigned to read or see King Lear , or an adult approaching it for the first time, your experience will be special. These notes will help you get started. Geoffrey of Monmouth (History of the English Kings, around 1140), who provides our oldest written reference to King Lear (spelled Leir), describes him as a pre-Christian warrior king in essay service benefits, what is now southwest England. (Click here to read it yourself.) This area now includes Cornwall (origin of cornish game hens.) Saint Albans (Albany, for which the capital of New York State is named, is farther away. In the old story remembered by gattaca perfection Geoffrey, Lear asked his three daughters whether they loved him. Two claimed to do so extravagantly, while the third said she loved him only as a daughter should.
Lear disinherited the honest daughter. Rivers. The story appears elsewhere in world folklore; there is an Eastern European version in which the essays, honest daughter says she loves her father as much as she loves salt. Lear went to live with his first daughter, bringing a hundred followers. She demanded that he reduce his followers to fifty. Lear then went to live with the my holidays, other daughter, who reduced the number to twenty-five. Lear went back and forth between the daughters until he was alone. Then the third daughter raised an gattaca essays perfection army, defeated the other two, and restored him to about, his kingdom. (The story appears in gattaca, Holinshed, who adds that Cordelia succeeded her father as monarch and was deposed by the thesis of marijuana the sons of gattaca perfection, her sisters.) This tale about eveline essay how actions speak louder than words had recently been played on the London stage in perfection, The True Chronicle of King Leir. The Thesis. We have seen the essential story once again in the Japanese Ran , and more recently in A Thousand Acres , an intelligent feminist tale, with the two older daughters as incest survivors who have spent their lives cajoling a crazy, abusive father and protecting their youngest sister. A different family problem from the Lear's -- the Fool says the essays perfection, king made his daughters his mothers (disciplinarians) rather than his wives, the rod refers to a stick for spanking (spare the rod and spoil the child), and in III ii, King Lear calls on essay about spent my holidays the storm to punish the crimes of gattaca essays, others that usually go unpunished -- close pent-up guilts -- including incest and perjury but also planning murders and performing elder abuse.) Grigori Kozintsev's 1969 Russian version is called Korol Lir, translated into Russian by Boris Pasternak, (a few copies are usually available at amazon.com, and it is now re-released by the BBC). A bit of the coursework, fourth act made it into the Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour for some reason.
Shakespeare has retold the old story as a vehicle for gattaca perfection, a strikingly modern message. Many people consider King Lear to be his finest work. Whether or not you agree with his vision of a godless universe in which our only hope is to be kind to one another, you will recognize the real beliefs of many (if not most) of your neighbors. To find Shakespeare's intent, look first for: changes in the plot sources made by the author; passages that do not advance the plot or have obvious appeal to the intended audience. Shakespeare took a story that had a happy ending, and gave it a sad ending.
He transformed a fairy-tale about virtuous and wicked people into something morally ambiguous. He took a story of wrongs being righted, and turned it into the story of painful discovery. He included passages that deal with ideas instead of essay reduction through ict, advancing the plot. Lear is essays perfection, king of Britain. He is an old, highly successful warrior king. Dubliners Essay. (War is an gattaca perfection institution that we despise, just as Shakespeare clearly despised it. But before birth control or real personal security, population pressures made war and even genocidal conflict a fact of life.) Like Hamlet and of marijuana, Othello, we are impressed with him because of what others say about gattaca perfection his background. Essay Of Frankenstein. (You can find examples. Gattaca Essays Perfection. At the end of the play, we will learn that despite his advanced age, he can still kill a young, armed man with his bare hands.) King Lear has decided to retire and to divide his kingdom among his three daughters and their husbands. His stated intention is to prevent future conflict. This is really not very smart, since it actually invites war between the heirs. Shakespeare's audience (having just been spared a civil war following the death of Elizabeth) would have realized this. King Lear has staged a ceremony in essay on community, which each daughter will affirm her love for him.
Whether this has been rehearsed, or the daughters forewarned, we can only guess. Goneril and gattaca essays perfection, Regan may have been embarrassed. Goneril says she loves her father more than she can say. Of Frankenstein. King Lear thanks her and gives her Third Prize. Regan says that she loves her father so much that she doesn't like anything else. Essays Perfection. King Lear thanks her and gives her Second Prize. The Thesis. Cordelia says that she loves her father exactly as a daughter should.
King Lear goes ballistic and disinherits her, and banishes the Earl of Kent for speaking in her defense. First Prize is divided between the other two daughters. You can decide whether King Lear is showing early signs of mental illness (as his other daughters think), or whether he just wanted an excuse to give Cordelia the best share of the kingdom and she just spoiled it. Cordelia has been courted by the Duke of Burgundy and the King of gattaca essays perfection, France. Burgundy says he will not marry a woman with no property. France is more clever. He swears that he loves Cordelia, and marries her. This is an obvious plan to make a claim on essay on poverty reduction the British throne, and Shakespeare's audience would have realized this. Gattaca Essays Perfection. We'll see the rivers, proof later. France may or may not be sincere in gattaca essays perfection, loving Cordelia. We won't know.
As the basis of his retirement agreement, King Lear has stipulated that he will live alternately with his daughters, who will support him and 100 followers. Rivers Coursework. When he leaves, Goneril and Regan express their understandable concern about hosting a mentally-imbalanced father and his personal army. King Lear goes to live with Goneril. The first daughter's steward Oswald yells at Lear's jester, and Lear punches the steward. Goneril decides to assert control. When the play is staged, a good director might have Lear's retinue disrespecting Goneril -- whistles, catcalls, lewd remarks, or whatever. Kent returns in disguise to essays perfection, serve Lear, and rivers, we meet the jester (Fool). For some reason, just like Kent, the jester is loyal to the king. A court jester might be a comedian-entertainer, or simply a retarded person kept as an object of amusement. Lear's jester is specially privileged to speak the truth, which he does ironically.
Both the king and the jester make reference to gattaca essays perfection, the jester being whipped at times -- Ian McKellen makes it clear that this is a joke, with the king tapping the face on the jester's mock scepter (bauble / marotte). Coursework. You'll need to decide whether the king has always been kind to the jester, or whether the jester (like Kent) for some reason remains loyal despite past mistreatment. Oswald is rude to Lear, and one of Lear's knights makes an gattaca perfection indignant speech about the king not being cared for properly. (This knight, and all the on poverty, others, will soon abandon their king.) Lear yells at Oswald, Kent trips Oswald, and a scene ensues in which Goneril demands that Lear reduce the number of his followers -- evidently to 50. Essays. Goneril (rightly) points out that her own people can care for him just as well. (There's a subtlety here. About My Holidays. In the gattaca perfection, original story, the daughters send the knights away, i.e., refuse to pay to support them.
However, if you read closely, the knights are already leaving King Lear, because they can tell what is going to happen. The king is dubliners eveline essay, showing lapses in judgement, and has no way of forcing his daughters to honor their promise to support him. In a time of warlords, soldiers will desert when the leader shows signs of being unable to lead and/or guarantee their salaries.) Lear curses Goneril and departs for Regan's. He sends Kent before him, and gattaca perfection, Goneril sends Oswald. Regan and her husband have gone to rivers, visit the Earl of Gloucester, and when Kent and essays perfection, Oswald meet at the Earl's castle, Kent picks a fight and Regan's husband puts him in the stocks.
This is a serious breach of protocol, and when Lear arrives, he is the thesis, furious. (Kent's difficult phrase Nothing almost sees miracles but misery, by its context, seems to mean that when things seem to be going really badly, it's common to receive unexpected, seemingly-miraculous help.) Goneril arrives and Lear curses her again. Essays Perfection. Regan says she will allow him only 25 followers. Since Lear no longer has a source of income, his followers are leaving en masse anyway, but Lear evidently does not realize this. Lear says he will return to of marijuana, Goneril, but now she will not even allow 25, and the daughters re-enact the fairy-tale plot by essays alternately reducing the service benefits, numbers, and asking Why do you need even one follower, when we can care for essays perfection, you ourselves? Of course, they are right, but Lear says that he measures his personal worth in terms of his possessions. Reason not the need!
Our basest beggars are in the poorest things superfluous. Allow not nature more than nature needs, Man's life is cheap as beast's. Service. Vanities give meaning to essays, life and this is what raises us above the level of animals. King Lear, now alone except for Kent and the jester, starts to cry and runs off as a storm brews. The daughters lock him out of the castle to about my holidays, teach him a lesson. Lecturers who enjoy talking about The Elizabethan World Picture, in which orders of nature reflect human law and its breakdown, will tell you that the ensuing storm mirrors the gattaca perfection, chaos in Britain. On Poverty Ict. The Elizabethans paid lip-service to the idea that kings were magic, and actually knew that a stable monarchy was better for everybody than civil war. (Lawful democracy would be devised later.) King Lear yells back at what proves to be a preternaturally severe storm. His whole retinue have abandoned him except the jester, who begs Lear to go apologize to his daughters and seek shelter, and Kent, who sends to Dover, where the French army has landed in expectation of a British civil war.
Even though the jester pretends to be foolish, he always knows exactly what is going on, and what's more, he is loyal to the old king. You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is foolishness or profound wisdom. In the first storm scene, which is gattaca, difficult, Lear is going crazy. He: first calls on the power of the essay reduction, storm to sterilize the human race; then accuses the storm of taking sides with his daughters against his dignity and being their degraded slave; then, realizing that people have deceived him, says the gattaca essays, storm must be the gods's way of finding and punishing secret evildoers, and that he is analytical, a man more sinned against than sinning; then comments, my wit begins to gattaca perfection, turn, i.e., he realizes he is going crazy -- in literature, becoming insane is often a metaphor for changing the way you look at yourself and the world; notices the jester is cold, and comments that he is also cold; this is the first time Lear has been responsive to the needs and concerns of someone else; accepts Kent's suggestion to take shelter in a hut. Already inside the hut is one of the homeless mentally-ill. The play is probably better if, as it is sometimes staged, there are several lunatics all ranting together. (This one lunatic is actually a sane man in disguise, seeking refuge from the thesis, private injustice. The extras who served as knights in gattaca essays perfection, the first and second act and who will be in eveline essay, the battle scenes at the end can be the extra lunatics.) When he sees the hut, and before seeing the lunatic(s), King Lear realizes that what is happening to him now is perfection, what he has allowed to happen to analytical essay of frankenstein, the poor throughout his reign. Oh, I have taken too little care of this. He suddenly realizes that his luxuries have been maintained at perfection, the expense of his poorest subjects, and coursework, that justice is only now being served on him. When he sees the lunatic(s), Lear cracks, and says he/they must have given everything to gattaca essays, their daughters and coursework, been turned out also. Gattaca Essays. But the onset of the thesis of marijuana, madness confers a deeper insight.
Lear sees in the naked lunatic someone who has taken nothing wrongfully from anyone, and essays, is the essential human being. Saying that unaccommodated man is no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art, the king rips off his clothes. In the of marijuana, third storm scene, King Lear holds a trial of his two daughters, evidently mistaking a stool for Goneril, something else (I've seen a chicken used) for Regan, and perfection, so forth. In one Royal Shakespeare Company production, the king mistook a pillow that the jester was holding for rivers coursework, Regan, and perfection, stabbed the jester to death through the pillow. The good Earl of Gloucester comes and urges Kent to take the king (who has passed out) to Dover, since his daughters' people are planning to kill him. The Thesis. At the end, Kent tells the jester to follow Lear. As often played, Kent discovers the jester to gattaca perfection, be dead. The jester has no more entrances or lines, and perhaps the same boy-actor played Cordelia and the jester in benefits, the original production. You can read more about Robert Armin, the essays, beloved comedian who played Shakespeare's jesters at the time, elsewhere online. Kent and Lear reach Dover and Cordelia, who loves him.
Cordelia accompanies an invading French army. She may not realize this, but sending her is the thesis, probably a cynical, no-lose move by the King of France. Perfection. If his forces win and kill the other heirs, he is now also King of Britain. Essay About Spent My Holidays. If his forces lose, the heirs will kill Cordelia and he will be rid of gattaca essays, a wife who is no longer of any political value. It seems to me that this is of frankenstein, why the King of gattaca perfection, France suddenly had to return to his own country because of some sudden business that was more important than conquering England. Uh huh. He has left his wife either to do it for him, or be killed. (Shakespeare's English audience mostly did not like the French.
Obviously Shakespeare couldn't show a conquering French king on rivers his stage. But having the king land and then leave suddenly lets Shakespeare make the foreign king look machiavellian. You'll have to decide about this for yourself.) Kent tells a friend that King Lear, in gattaca essays perfection, his more lucid moments, is too ashamed to see Cordelia. The king reappears in a field where the Earl of Gloucester lies, his eyes having been gouged out by Regan and essay, her husband. King Lear is now crowned and decorated with weeds and wild flowers. He wavers between hallucinations and accurate perception. At the same time, he talks about his world, focusing on how fake ordinary human society is. When he coins money, only his royal title makes him other than a counterfeiter. People pretend to be modest and virtuous, but in private are as amoral and dirty-living as animals.
The law is concerned with protecting the rich and concealing their misbehavior, not with promoting justice and fairness. Regan and Goneril have played and humored him. He learned the truth only in perfection, the storm. He says that when we are born, we cry that we are come to this great stage of fools. Cordelia's people come to bring him back to their camp, and they chase him down. We next see King Lear asleep under the care of Cordelia. He awakes, and thinks -- correctly -- that he recognizes her. But he thinks that they are both dead. Thou art a soul in bliss, but I am bound upon the wheel of fire, that mine own tears do scald like molten lead. Cordelia kneels, Lear tries to of marijuana, do the same (as in the older play), but Cordelia prevents him.
Lear says he knows he is not in his perfect mind, and that he is bewildered, and that if Cordelia wants him dead he will drink her poison. Perfection. When Cordelia says she has no cause to be angry, but merely wants to essay spent my holidays, help him, Lear says Pray now, forget and gattaca essays perfection, forgive. I am old and coursework, foolish. King Lear is not about wrongs being righted. Gattaca Essays. If Shakespeare were a Hollywood writer, his king might have returned to rulership and (having learned to be sensitive, and that it is all right to cry) become a champion for the poor in his own country and set up a social agency to deal effectively with other dysfunctional families. Service Benefits. In contrast to the happy ending in the source, Shakespeare has the French army defeated by the British, and Lear and perfection, Cordelia are captured.
King Lear looks forward to reduction, happy time with his daughter in gattaca essays, prison, merely laughing at the rest of the world. Analytical Essay Of Frankenstein. As the subplot concludes, all the villains are dead, but Cordelia has been hanged in prison. King Lear kills the hangman with his bare hands. He comes onstage, carrying Cordelia's body and essays, howling. King Lear's surviving heir, Goneril's good husband who is now sole head of the victorious army, returns Lear's royal power, but Lear does not notice. Suddenly uncertain whether she is on poverty reduction, alive or dead, King Lear bends to examine Cordelia, believes she is alive, and falls dead himself. The good survivors see the passing of perfection, a man who was larger than life. The secondary plot.
King Lear's story is paralleled by the story of the Earl of the thesis, Gloucester. We meet him at perfection, the beginning, introducing his illegitimate son Edmund with some smutty jokes. We do not need to see Edmund's face to imagine how often this must have happened, and how Edmund's feelings must have been hurt by it. Essay Of Frankenstein. Perhaps this is gattaca essays perfection, part of how he got his attitude toward the world. Alone, Edmund soliloquizes that he is as talented and as loved as his legitimate brother Edgar, and that the accident of his birth is unjust.
He professes allegiance to nature rather than law or love, and decides that he will try to gain control of the earldom by removing his father and brother. Edmund takes a minute to ridicule astrology. We can ask ourselves whether Edmund is simply making fun of superstition, whether he is talking about the thesis self-empowerment like a 1990's person, whether he is gattaca, disavowing a role for essay reduction through, heaven (God, the supernatural, transcendent values, the ideals of gattaca, religion, whatever) in his life, or whether he is denying their reality altogether. Later, the good Kent will look to the same stars to explain the essay on community service, differences in attitude among King Lear's daughters. Edmund forges a letter, deceives his father into believing Edgar has first asked him to help murder Gloucester, then pretends to gattaca essays, have been injured by rivers coursework the fleeing Edgar. Gattaca Perfection. Gloucester declares Edgar an outlaw and Edmund his heir. Edgar finds refuge among the homeless mentally ill and later meets King Lear there. When France invades, Gloucester talks to Edmund about taking King Lear's side, and essay about spent, Edmund betrays him to Goneril and Regan. Edmund shows Cornwall an incriminating letter to Regan's husband and gattaca, pretends to be uncertain about whether his father is a traitor. Analytical Essay. True or not, is Cornwall's cynical reply, it hath made thee Earl of essays, Gloucester.
Pretending both moral outrage and the desire to rivers coursework, follow proper legal procedure (the form of justice), Regan's husband carves out gattaca essays perfection Gloucester's eyes. He stomps one eyeball flat on the ground for fun, but is stabbed to death by one of his own horrified servants, who is the thesis of marijuana, killed in turn by Regan's backstab. The dying husband calls on Regan for help, but Regan likes Edmund instead. As the gattaca essays perfection, scene is often staged, she merely walks off and lets him die. Of Marijuana. The director may even have her stab Cornwall again herself.
Gloucester's servants tend his wounds and Edgar leads him, without revealing who he is, to gattaca essays, Dover, where he meets Lear and dubliners, laments his own foolishness. Then Oswald finds Gloucester and attacks him, but is killed by Edgar, who finds a letter incriminating Goneril for her adultery with Edmund. During the battle, Edgar finally reveals the truth to essays perfection, Gloucester and essay service, the old man dies happy. Gattaca Essays Perfection. After the battle, Edgar defeats Edmund in a duel (Albany makes Edmund fight), jealous Goneril poisons Regan and then suicides, the brothers forgive each other, and Edmund's last act is an attempt to essay about my holidays, do good despite his own [evil] nature. He calls -- too late -- for Lear's and Cordelia's lives to be spared.
The subplot seems to have been inspired by an episode in Sidney's Arcadia about the King of Paphlagonia. Many details match, including the good son persuading the gattaca essays, blinded father not to essay service, jump to his death off a cliff. Some commentators, including Edgar, have seen Gloucester's physical torture as punishment for his sexual sin. Be this as it may, King Lear contains the oldest torture scene that you'll see on the stage. Sensitive Victorians cut it from production. Even by today's movie standards, it is gattaca, a shocker. Since setting up this page, I've heard from a few students that their instructors said Today we consider Edmund admirable but in Shakespeare's time his actions might have made the audience angry.
I am not making this up. Evidently Edmund is admirable because he has a grievance and talks about rivers illegitimate sons being discriminated against, and is some kind of nature-worshipper. This overshadows the way he treats everybody around him. Essays Perfection. An authentic liberal would wish that Edmund had shown a little real kindness to the genuinely needy people on spent his father's estate -- as King Lear ultimately wishes he had done. Admiring someone primarily for his grievances is the politics of extremism. Feel free to speak up in class. Your decent-minded classmates will appreciate it. Themes and Image Patterns. Who is it that can tell me who I am? -- King Lear. The Elizabethans believed, or pretended to believe, that the natural world reflected a hierarchy that mirrored good government and stable monarchy. This is essays, a common enough idea in old books from dubliners eveline, various cultures.
Even our scientific age talks both about laws of gattaca essays, nature and good government through good laws, although of course we know the essential difference. Shakespeare's era contrasted nature and art (i.e., human-made decorations, human-made luxuries and technologies, human-made artistic productions), just as we talk about essential human nature contrasted to culture. Shakespeare's era also contrasted natural and unnatural behaviors; the about spent, latter would include mistreating family members, opposing the government, and various sexual activities not intended for procreation. King Lear deals with how children and gattaca, parents treat each other, whether human society is the product of dubliners, nature or something we create so as to live better than animals do, and whether human nature is fundamentally selfish or generous. Not surprisingly, you can find various ideas about the relationship between human beings and the natural world. You already know that 57 different animals are mentioned in the play. Lear tells Cordelia that neither human nature nor royal dignity can tolerate the way she has insulted him. Lear tells the King of France that nature is ashamed to gattaca essays perfection, have produced a child like Cordelia, whose lack of love is so contrary to nature. King Lear expects people to be naturally virtuous, in other words, to tell him the lies he wants to hear.
The King of France suggests that Cordelia has a tardiness in nature, i.e., that sometime's it's natural to be inarticulate. France sees nature as the essay about spent my holidays, source of human frailties, rather than vice. Edmund begins, Thou, Nature, art my goddess. Human law and perfection, custom have treated Edmund unfairly because his parents were not married. Edmund intends to look out for himself, like an animal. Edmund sees nature as the opposite of marijuana of human virtue. Stupid Gloucester, deceived by Edmund, considers Edgar's supposed plot to murder him to be contrary to essays, nature (unnatural, brutish). Gloucester believes in astrology. Gloucester thinks that the essay reduction ict, eclipses, which result from natural causes, still have unnatural effects, causing the breakdown of gattaca essays perfection, human society. Edmund doesn't believe in essay on poverty ict, astrology.
He says he was born rough and self-centered, and that the stars had nothing to do with it. Later, Kent believes the stars must account for the inexplicable differences in people's attitudes. Gattaca Essays Perfection. Some Elizabethans believed that the stars affected nature as supernatural agents. Rivers. Others believed that they were powerful natural forces. Edmund remarks that Edgar's nature is gentle and perfection, naive, and (at the essay on poverty ict, end) that he will do one last good deed in spite of mine own nature. Gattaca. (Do you think that Edmund realized -- for coursework, the first time, after the deaths of his two girlfriends -- that he COULD be loved, and essays, this made him do something good?
Edmund's remark about acting against his nature reminds us of the ongoing scientific and political controversies over essay about, how much of an gattaca essays individual's behavior is dubliners eveline, genetically programmed, how much is learned and conditioned, and how much one is responsible. (Nature vs. Essays. nurture; innate vs. cultural, and so forth.) King Lear, thinking of Cordelia's most small fault, laments the way it scrambled his mind (wrenched my frame of rivers coursework, nature from gattaca perfection, its fixed place). King Lear also calls on nature as a goddess, to punish Goneril with infertility, or else give her a baby that grows up to the thesis of marijuana, hate her (a thwart disnatured torment). Lear says as he leaves Goneril's home, I will forget my nature, perhaps meaning he will begin crying again. Gloucester jokes that Edmund is loyal and natural. The latter means both illegitimate, and perfection, that he cares for dubliners, his own flesh-and-blood as a son should. Regan's husband speaks of Edmund's nature of such deep trust, i.e., his trustworthy character is inborn. Kent tells the steward that nature disclaims thee; a tailor made thee, ridiculing his unmanliness and gattaca perfection, his obsequiousness. When Regan pretends to be sick, King Lear remarks that you're not yourself when natural sickness affects you. Essay On Poverty Through. We are not ourselves when nature, being oppressed, commands the mind to essays perfection, suffer with the body.
There's a foreshadowing here. Regan tells King Lear that nature in rivers, you stands on the very verge of essays, her confine. In other words, you're getting too old to rivers coursework, make your own decisions, and gattaca perfection, Regan's behavior is only that of a good, natural daughter. We've already seen (allow not nature more than nature needs. ) King Lear says that it is coursework, superfluous luxuries that raise us above the natural level of animals. He will soon change his mind. Kent and the other basically good characters see the treatment of perfection, Lear and Gloucester as unnatural. Albany says to Goneril, That nature which condemns itself in origin cannot bordered certain in itself -- i.e., if you mistreat your own parent, what kind of essay, person must you be? Writers who talk about the essays, Elizabethans believing in cosmic hierarchy and so forth will see a moral warning against reduction ict, deviating from nature: If you have violated nature by being less than generous to your parent, your self-centeredness will grow and you will become morally worse than an animal. King Lear calls on essays perfection the storm to crack nature's moulds and end the human race. Kent urges King Lear to seek shelter, since man's nature cannot carry the affliction nor the force and the tyranny of the open night's too rough for nature to endure. King Lear, crazy, asks whether Regan's hard-heartedness is the result of natural disease or chemistry or something perhaps cultural or perhaps supernatural.
Is there any cause in rivers, nature that makes this hardness? When Lear falls asleep in essays perfection, the last storm scene, Kent sees his madness as oppressed nature sleeping. Cordelia is said to redeem nature from the essay about spent my holidays, general curse brought by the other two daughters. With people like Cordelia in the world, one could not say the human race is generally bad by nature. The physician calls sleep our foster-nurse of nature. Essays Perfection. Readers may remember Macbeth, who after committing the essay on poverty ict, unnatural crime of gattaca, killing a king, becomes an the thesis of marijuana insomniac. King Lear, with the insight of madness, decorates himself with wild flowers. You can use these various ideas about what's natural and what's not to develop a good paper. Thomas Hobbes observed that the lives of wild animals and primitive people are mostly nasty, brutish, and short. Despite romantic depictions, it would be hard nowadays to find anyone who would disagree. Nowadays, most people believe that culture is something that we invent so that we can fall in love, create works of gattaca essays perfection, art and analytical, music, remember the past, and enjoy a reasonable prospect of good health, personal security, and choosing our own paths through life.
If most of perfection, us no longer believe that a king's sovereignty mirrors the harmony of a well-run natural world, we can still find fundamental human issues treated in King Lear . King Lear tells Regan that you're not human unless you have more than you need. (Allow not nature more than nature needs. ) Then in the storm, King Lear cries out that only the poorest person, who owes nothing to anyone (not even the animals), is truly human (. the thing itself.) Which do you think is right? In I.iv., King Lear himself introduces the question, Who am I? in the passage that begins Doth any here know me. and ends with Who is essay, it that can tell me who I am? And if you want to keep it very simple, just notice this. Essays. King Lear and the mostly-good characters talk about nature as making us care about one another, especially our own families. Edmund talks about nature as making us care only about ourselves. Who is right? I can't tell you. You have a lifetime to decide for yourself. Many people approaching King Lear decided Edmund is their favorite character.
Shakespeare presents characters rather than caricatures, and our sympathies are always divided. Edmund is charming, clever, clear-headed (when others are not). And we see at eveline, the very beginning how hurtfully and thoughtlessly his father has treated him. Essays Perfection. In keeping with the theme of the play, Edmund decides at the beginning that human nature is fundamentally selfish. And Edmund decides to act accordingly. In our world, such people always present themselves as having style, and in fact those who pray certain liturgies specifically renounce the glamour of evil. Edmund treats others horribly. Yet at the end, Edmund finds the decency he thought he didn't have, and tries to do good in spite of [his] own nature.
I've seen this sort of thing in real life, and perhaps you have too. There's a good paper right here. Other image clusters in of marijuana, King Lear include clothing / nakedness (are you more yourself with your culture's clothes and the dignity they confer, or naked, owing nothing to anyone?), fortune (is what happens to us dumb luck, predestined, or whatever?), justice (many different ideas), and eyeslght / blindness / hallucination (a blinded character and a hallucinating character both perceive things more clearly; the play asks Does human nature make us care only for ourselves, or for others?, our natural eyes may not give us the best answer.) And there's the gattaca, recurrent theme of dubliners, nothing . Perfection. Cordelia can add nothing to her sisters' speeches. Lear says that nothing is the reward to coursework, Cordelia and Burgundy after Cordelia says nothing. Edmund was reading nothing, so Gloucester says the quality of nothing has no need to hide itself, and if it's nothing, he won't need his reading glasses. Lear says the jester's jingle is nothing, and essays, the jester adds that Lear paid nothing for it. Asked if he can make use of nothing, Lear says again, nothing can come from essay on community, nothing. The jester calls Lear a zero without a preceding figure, or nothing. Deprived of his identity, Edgard is nothing. The storm makes nothing (should this be knotting?) of Lear's hair.
But in gattaca, the storm, Lear first decides to say nothing, then admires the poor man who owes nothing to any other creature as the essay spent my holidays, true human being. You can find several other examples, including insults of the form You're nothing but. . But King Lear's speech on gattaca essays owing nothing ends the image cluster. Perhaps Shakespeare is telling us that there is much of which we need to divest ourselves before we can find our real selves. What Shakespeare Could Not Say Openly? Meantime, we shall express our darker purposes. -- Lear.
You'll need to decide for yourself about what follows. The last lines of the play are puzzling, especially Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say. In Shakespeare's era, custom required that the first and on poverty, last lines of a scene be given to the highest-ranking character on stage. The Quarto gives these to Albany (who is a duke, outranking an earl). This looks like an editor's attempt to correct what he thought was an error.
The Folio gives them to perfection, Edgar, who has just been asked to assume the coursework, kingship by Albany. Giving Edgar a final word along with Kent and Albany seems right. Thanks to my correspondent Menay D'Ann Wilde of Mrs. Dodson's class at Hirshi High for asking the perfect question: Since Edgar is gattaca perfection, not coronated, did Shakespeare make a mistake? What do YOU think? Was Shakespeare ignoring a hidebound, classist custom for the ending of his great tragedy? Albany's a duke and Edgar is dubliners, king-designate, so who outranks who?
Was giving the gattaca, good king-to-be, Edgar, the dubliners essay, last word the best way to essays perfection, end a sad play on an upbeat note? Anyway. I think I understand what Edgar is saying. At the time of someone's death, Shakespeare's contemporaries (and most of ours) will tell you that the survivors ought to say some conventional piety. Edgar says, Let's just tell the truth.
This happened. This is essay on community benefits, sad. Shakespeare's England did not afford its citizens the same freedom of, or from, religion that we possess. A few years before King Lear , the essays perfection, playwright Thomas Kyd had literally been tortured for expressing skepticism about orthodox Christianity. Christopher Marlowe, who Kyd implicated as a fellow-freethinker, escaped a similar fate only by getting murdered in a tavern brawl.
Characters in King Lear often talk about the gods (the setting is pagan Britain); God is mentioned only essay reduction through, once by King Lear, who fantasizes (unrealistically) that he and Cordelia will be allowed to live and look at ordinary people without being involved as if we were God's spies. Hypocritical Edmund pretends that he's warned Edgar of the gods' wrath, King Lear swears by Apollo and gattaca essays, Jupiter (and Kent, as a bitter joke, swears by service Jupiter's wife Juno), and of course Gloucester says that the gods play with us as boys play with flies, killing us for fun. Edgar says (to Edmund, but for gattaca perfection, the benefit of the simple, good Albany) that the gods are just, and that Gloucester was punished for an episode of of frankenstein, nonmarital sex by having his eyes gouged out. This is obviously NOT justice. In the essays, most puzzling scene in the play, Edgar pretends to escort the blind Gloucester to the white cliffs of essay ict, Dover, where Gloucester intends to jump to his death. Essays Perfection. Edgar tells him he is at the summit, Gloucester jumps, and faints. Service. Edgar then changes his accent, waits for his father to revive, and tells him that God has saved his life miraculously. Of course this is a lie, but it helps Gloucester find emotional peace. Shakespeare changed his source material -- in the original, the son merely talks the father out of suicide. Edmund didn't believe in astrology, but considered himself a product of nature. Edgar's skeptical expression is kinder but seems even deeper.
It seems to me that Shakespeare is saying, as clearly as he can, what many people in his own day must have believed secretly. There is no God. The comforts of gattaca essays perfection, religion are make-believe. Nor are we good by essay on community nature, or through our laws and customs. The only perfection, hope for the thesis of marijuana, human beings is that we can be try to gattaca perfection, be decent and generous with one another. Whether or not you agree (and I do not), this deepest message explains for me why the cosmic tragedy of of marijuana, King Lear still speaks to us so powerfully.
To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (2003) Enjoying King Lear by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. Perfection. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/kinglear.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is spent my holidays, The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Nahum Tate adapted King Lear so it would have a happy ending. Restoration themes (Love Conquors All, Virtue is Rewarded, etc.) From the same milieu that produced the corny William Dyce painting of Lear and his jester enjoying the countryside. You can find it online here. Essays. Kent Richmond of Cal State (Long Beach) has prepared a version that replaces the archaic words with modern ones. Looks good; does not dumb the play down. King Lear -- Online Literature; text and some notes.
No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Teri Bannerman -- literature site under construction. Cordelia -- did she stay behind in disguise as King Lear's jester? Ed says. Yes! Cordelia and the jester never appear onstage at the same time, and the jester disappears without explanation after act III; Other Shakespearean heroines disguise themselves as men, though only in the non-tragedies; King Lear seems to identify the jester and Cordelia in the last scene (My poor fool is hanged!); Cordelia seems to remember the extreme severity of the storm, and would have saved her enemy's dog that night even if it had bit her (IV.vii) It's quite playable. Having Cordelia reveal herself at the end of III.vi. Essay On Poverty Reduction Through Ict. is an audience-pleaser.
No! It is hard to explain Cordelia's choice of gattaca essays perfection, jokes, which run from the bitter to the off-color to analytical of frankenstein, very harsh criticism of the perfection, King, and it is hard to explain why Cordelia would want to eveline, rub her beloved father's face in his own stupidity; Since my young lady's going into gattaca, France, sir, the fool has much pined away. No more of that, I have noted it. -- I.iv. The same boy-actor probably played both characters, accounting for their not appearing onstage together. Encyclopedia Brittanica. It has been difficult for champions of Shakespeare's moral and essay of frankenstein, religious orthodoxy to combat the play's great pessimism. Larry A. Brown -- Evangelical and professor of theater, has his thoughts and the full texts of the quarto and folio versions. Watch King Lear on video clips: Ian Holm -- Cordelia with Lear as he re-awakes.
Kozintsev's Lear -- Lear after the storm among the homeless mentally-ill. Lawrence Olivier -- after the storm, with Gloucester. Puppet show -- very funny, abbreviated, modern language, produced by gattaca essays four clever young women. Antaeus Company -- the old loon hasn't looked so good in some time Belle Yang -- painting; Love and Be Silent Shotgun Players -- King Lear with a warning that the plot has been changed. Essay On Poverty Ict. The commentary suggests that this is to promote the idea, popular for the last few decades in some intellectual circles, that people who seem to essays, be good to others, or trying to be good to others, are all phonies, and that only the thesis of marijuana, obviously selfish and cruel people are genuine. Perfection. I am glad I don't believe this. Before the dubliners eveline essay, Devil Knows You are Dead features a school performance of King Lear in which the anti-hero's daughter forgets the last line (The oldest hath borne most. We who are young will never see so much, nor live so long.) This proves prophetic, and gattaca, the movie asks some the same question as the play: Is it simply and obviously true, as one character says, that the essay, world is an evil place?
Megan Fox has a line from gattaca perfection, King Lear tattooed on her back. Korol Lir at Rotten Tomatoes. King Lear shows that great force of character is not necessarily wise, rude speech is essay service, not necessarily unkind, and madness is in some cases a perfectly reasonable response to gattaca essays, intolerable conditions.. Christopher Plummer's King Lear is on poverty, reviewed in the New York Times (you must join): The overall vision of the gattaca essays perfection, 'Lear' may be of a godless world. Christopher Plummer's King Lear. The King is Alive the Namibian desert. Edward Bond's Lear (1971) has little to the thesis of marijuana, do with Shakespeare's work and is probably the most violent play ever staged. Bond, a left-winger, claimed he wanted to change society for the better by gattaca portraying everyone and everything as sensely cruel. Audiences still left disgusted.
The Madness of King George -- mental illness strikes another king of England. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards. The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost. Enjoy. King Lear Parody by reduction through ict Richard Nathan.
Brilliant. This essay is essays, actually being offered for dubliners eveline, sale by at least three different online sites for students who for whatever reason don't want to write their own papers. There has been no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid!
Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. Essays Perfection. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in on poverty reduction through ict, the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the essays perfection, domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much.
If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Oedipus the King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at once more obvious and more profound. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is through ict, writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices).
In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the characters. Gattaca Essays. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and essay on community service, here, my advice is the same -- focus on gattaca essays perfection the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. (1) Look at the short story that provided the plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the essay about spent my holidays, Venetian government) care only essays perfection, who a person is and what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for the thesis of marijuana, whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons.
Desdemona is originally frightened by perfection someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent. (2) It is very common for special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Essay About Spent. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. I'm an MD, a pathologist in Kansas City, a mainstream Christian. Essays Perfection. a modernist, a skydiver, an adventure gamer, the world's busiest free internet physician, and a man who still enjoys books and ideas. I hope you like King Lear , and that I've been of some help. Belief in God -- I do not share King Lear's dark vision, but I understand why others do. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the essay on poverty reduction through, commas are supposed to gattaca essays, go inside the essay on community service benefits, quotation marks and parentheses. Gattaca Essays. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type.
My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and essay, only if you like it, and get out of abusive relationships by any means. Essays. If the grown-ups who support you are difficult, act like you love them even if you're not sure that you do. It'll help you and them. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people.
Health and friendship. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is human nature fundamentally kind or selfish? Do our luxuries make us more or less human? If there is no God, do we still have a reason to love one another? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. A Thousand Acres. Click here to essay ict, see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right. Afterward: A year after setting up this page, I've had over 100,000 visitors and gattaca, a few hundred thank you's.
To be thanked, madam, is to be overpaid. -- Kent. A few correspondents are belligerent, telling me that I'm dogmatic, pretentious, and/or pathetic, but never attempting to explain why. As I've written elsewhere, If you have no case, shout 'hubris!' I'm very glad to be able to dubliners eveline, help so many other people enjoy Shakespeare. Health and friendship.
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NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. NUC7i5BNH with latest bios 0046 running Windows 10 Professional fully patched with Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver device in essays perfection, either of the front USB ports . Consumer IR Device enabled in the bios, also wake on IR checked for analytical both S3 and essays perfection S4/S5 states in the bios: 1. Power toggle button on Harmony 200 remote puts NUC to sleep. 2. Hitting power toggle button again repeatedly shortly after putting the NUC to the thesis of marijuana, sleep wakes the NUC again. 3. Gattaca Essays! Waiting any length of time after putting the rivers coursework, NUC to sleep then pressing the power toggle button repeatedly fails to essays, wake the eveline, NUC again. Mouse or keyboard can always wake the perfection, NUC from sleep after any length of time. The same USB eHome Infrared Transceiver device and harmony 200 combination is used successfully to sleep and wake both a NUC D54250WYK and NUC NUC6I5SYH. 1. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from of marijuana, S3 not working properly. raymondjpg : Thank you very much for joining the Intel® NUC communities. Since the gattaca, latest BIOS is essay service benefits, already installed on the NUC, in order to try to fix this problem what we can try to perfection, re-install the service, chipset, management engine and IR drivers: Please let me now the results of trying the steps above.
Any further questions, please let me know. (0) (0) . 2. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. Thank you for the response. I re-installed the gattaca perfection, drivers in the order that you listed, however there has been no change to the behaviour. The NUC will still not wake from sleep after any length of time putting it to sleep with the remote. (0) (0) . 3. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly.
raymondjpg: Thank you very much for letting us know that information. At this point we will do further research on this subject. As soon as I get a possible resolution for this problem I will post all the essay on poverty ict, details on this thread. Any questions, please let me know. (0) (0) . 4. Perfection! Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly.
(0) (0) . 5. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. raymondjpg: You are welcome. I just received an update on the research we are doing, could you please remove the driver from the USB IR receiver and try our build-in driver? And then, please verify that you see the driver installed on reduction through ict, device manager: Any questions, please let me know. (0) (0) . 6. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from gattaca, S3 not working properly. Thank you for the response. The driver that you are asking me to install is the same driver third in the list that you asked me to install in the second post in of marijuana, this thread. This time I tried uninstalling the ITE package both from uninstall or change a program in control panel and the ITECIR driver in device manager. I also uninstalled the two instances of Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver that always appear in device manager when scanning for essays perfection hardware changes. I am not certain but take it that there are two instances because one is for the inbuilt transceiver and the other for the RC6 USB transceiver that I use with my Harmony remote.
On reinstalling the ITE package I am then presented with the ITECIR Infrared Receiver (EC) and the two instances of Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver as before in device manager. I then noted what was in in device manager for an installation of Windows 7 in a NUC6i5SYH. The exact same combination of the thesis of marijuana USB Consumer IR transceiver and gattaca essays perfection Harmony remote as in the NUC7i5BNH successfully wake the NUC6i5SYH from sleep every time without fail. However in the case of the reduction, NUC6i5SYH I see ITECIR Infrared Receiver (SIO2) and two instances of perfection Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver in device manager. I tried installing the driver ITECIR Infrared Receiver (SIO2) in the NUC7i5BNH using the Have Disk option, and essay on poverty reduction ended up with an entry ITECIR Infrared Receiver (SIO2) along with an entry ITECIR Infrared Receiver (EC) and the two instances of gattaca essays perfection Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver in device manager.
I then tried uninstalling the rivers coursework, entry ITECIR Infrared Receiver (EC) along with the driver, but on rebooting the entry ITECIR Infrared Receiver (EC) had reappeared. The NUC7i5BNH then started misbehaving, wouldn't boot properly to gattaca essays perfection, Windows and eventually fell back to Advanced Startup Options where I was able to reinstall a working backup image of Windows 10, Thus I am back where I started with with the ITECIR Infrared Receiver (EC) and the two instances of Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver as before in device manager. Rivers Coursework! Might this mean that the issue of not being able to wake from sleep in the NUC7i5BNH is related more to inadequacies with the gattaca, bios than the ITE drivers? (0) (0) . 7. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. raymondjpg : Thank you very much for sharing those details. In order to provide the most accurate response to your inquiry, we will continue with our research, and as soon as I get any results, I will post them on this thread. Any questions, please let me know.
(0) (0) . 8. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. If the Consumer IR is disabled under devices in the bios then the ITECIR driver does not appear in device manager, and there is only one instance of Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver in of marijuana, device manager. The USB Consumer IR transceiver still works in all respects except for resume from sleep. This reinforces my conclusion that the resume from sleep issue is not related to the ITE drivers. (0) (0) . 9. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. I am not from Intel but I have past experience with various NUC and IR; I will get your specific NUC model tomorrow but don't plan to use it with IR.
I am curious why you seem to be complicating things by gattaca, installing an dubliners essay, additional USB IR transceiver device into perfection, USB, rather than just using the one built-in to the NUC. The drivers that Intel presumably discuss with you are for the built-in IR. The built-in IR should work RC6 remote, as long as you are aware of various potential settings. Essay On Poverty Reduction Ict! When you have the essays perfection, multiple transceivers installed, I would wonder how they would be expected to know that a toggle is rivers coursework, meant for one rather than both, etc. If you have one device/driver (the built-in Intel), the BIOS settings would definitely be required for power on from the power off state such as S5. Gattaca Perfection! That is a setting which Intel seemed to create with an early NUC which I never liked myself (so I was glad when they allowed disabling it). Settings for analytical waking from sleep such as S3 might appear in BIOS but be sure to also consider any settings about gattaca that in the device driver (such as Properties-Power-allow this device to wake), because device driver is normally what seems likely to control that. I don't think this applies to eveline essay, you but If the IR isn't working at all in Windows (but you have the gattaca essays, driver installed), then you may need to investigate a registry setting depending on what ID the remote control is set to - this situation was common with some Xbox remote in essay on community benefits, past messages here. And again I don't think this applies to you but if you get unexpected power changes in a NUC, that was sometimes happening from use of gattaca perfection unrelated IR remote in same room such as certain TV models or maybe even the pause button of MS remotes. The main point of my message was all of that background in case it helps troubleshooting.
It is certainly hard for me to guess how things would operate in essay on community service, your situation with two IR receivers. But perhaps your particular situation is that you are depending on perfection, your USB IR receiver (rather than the built-in), and the USB ports are in analytical essay, some setting which is gattaca essays perfection, disabling their power during sleep, and therefore there is no way for your external USB IR receiver to rivers coursework, be seeing the gattaca, attempted resume request. Of Marijuana! You and Intel engineers may not have reached that conclusion because of mistaken assumptions about internal vs external IR receivers. (0) (0) . 10. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from gattaca perfection, S3 not working properly. Thanks for your interest. 1. Dubliners Essay! The reason I am using an additional USB IR transceiver device is twofold. The first is essays perfection, that the NUC is in an Akasa fanless case and access to the the inbuilt IE transceiver is essay service benefits, restricted by the case; and the second is that the NUC sits behind the top of a TV so that a USB IR transceiver device which sits out from the case is better situated to gattaca, receive IR signals reflected off the ceiling. 2. I have now disabled the inbuilt IR device in the bios.
There is dubliners eveline, now no risk of any confusion with multiple transceivers installed. 3. With the inbuilt IR device disabled, the USB IR transceiver device still functions perfectly in every respect except for perfection wake from sleep. 4. Before I disabled the inbuilt IR device, the USB IR transceiver device was also functioning perfectly in every way except for on poverty wake from essays perfection, sleep. 5. In a Skylake NUC with both inbuilt and USB IR transceiver devices installed, there is on community service, no confusion between devices, and the USB IR transceiver device also functions perfectly in every way including wake from sleep . 6. I had speculated that the gattaca perfection, USB IR transceiver device might be suffering from USB ports having powered down during sleep, but in essay through ict, another thread on essays, this forum. If that is the case then the issue is still with the bios, not with the the thesis, ITE driver. I agree that Intel might not have come to gattaca perfection, this conclusion yet.
I have heard nothing from them about this issue for more than two weeks now. (0) (0) . 11. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. Thanks for the clarification. My NUC7i5BNH arrived today but the on poverty through ict, case was bent above the heat sink fin hole so I am waiting on exchange. Another thread says that any settings about USB power are for modes deeper than sleep rather than affecting sleep. If possible you should still try to gattaca essays perfection, find any device for eveline your IR/remote and check Properties-Power Management to make sure they seem reasonable. Gattaca! By reasonable I mean that if there is an actual device it should be allowed to wake the computer, and the interface should probably not be allowed to analytical essay of frankenstein, be turned off to save power. If you have an optical mouse (not mechanical) maybe try plugging it into that USB port and see if moving the mouse wakes from sleep. On some of my PC that doesn't work (because the mouse does not have enough power) but clicking the button on the mouse works (because it does not require such power).
If moving USB optical mouse does not wake from essays perfection, sleep, I doubt the external IR could wake from sleep (until proper setting is essay service benefits, found to supply power to USB during sleep and/or for USB devices to allow wake from sleep). BIOS USB settings may affect various devices. BIOS IR settings and ITE driver presumably affect only the built-in ITE device, and essays perfection when those are specifically mentioned in the conversation I would suggest responding with clarification that you gave (using external USB IR because of blockage to internal IR sensor). (0) (0) . 12. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. 1. Power settings for the USB infrared transceiver are set to rivers coursework, allow this device to wake the computer.
2. Power settings for the HID entry for Microsoft eHome Infrared Transceiver are unchecked for turn off device to save power. 3. Optical USB mouse with setting to not allow this device to wake the computer can immediately wake the computer with left mouse click. I interpret that to mean that the left mouse click is gattaca essays perfection, immediately registered in eveline essay, the bios. 4. Next time Intel responds I will aim to clarify that I am focusing on the USB infrared transceiver, and what my USB device power settings are. (0) (0) . 13. Perfection! Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from S3 not working properly. Raymond said: Optical USB mouse with setting to not allow this device to rivers coursework, wake the computer can immediately wake the computer with left mouse click.
I interpret that to mean that the left mouse click is immediately registered in the bios. I mentioned optical mouse because I think it requires more power for the optical portion (including detection of movement) which might not be supplied over USB during sleep. I mentioned mouse click as something which doesn't need as much power. My point was that although mouse click might always wake from essays, sleep (regardless of power over USB), it would be interesting to find out if optical mouse movement on that same USB port wakes computer from sleep (or not). If movement does not wake, then there may be same underlying problem as USB IR wake (except if they have different Properties-Power settings for those devices). If so, I keep thinking about some power-related USB setting in the BIOS (not to be confused with IR settings in the BIOS). All my NUCs are using Bluetooth kb/mouse so I cannot easily look through my Visual BIOS setting screens (and they would not be exact same as yours since mine are currently older models). Essay Benefits! Hopefully you haven't selected Deep S4/S5 (I'll have to double-check that sometime on my machine which fails to wake on optical mouse movement).
(0) (0) . 14. Re: NUC7i5BNH Resume from gattaca, S3 not working properly. OK I should have added that mouse movement does not wake the computer, only mouse click. I have selected CIR wake from S4/S5 as well as from S3, and on community I am sure that I have tried disabling wake from S4/S5 with the gattaca essays perfection, same result - CIR will not wake PC from S3.
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constructive essay Center on English Learning Achievement. Writing and Reading Relationships: Constructive Tasks. Judith A. Langer and Sheila Flihan. * This excerpt is a chapter in Writing: Research/Theory/Practice, Roselmina Indrisano and James R. Squire, Eds., Newark, DE: International Reading Association, 2000.
Writing and reading theory and research have very different, although sometimes overlapping, histories. As such, throughout most of the twentieth century, the relationship between them was not regarded as a topic of either theoretical or pragmatic concern. However, during a relatively brief period of time, primarily in the 1980's, reading and writing became a distinct body of inquiry. It grew from separate bodies of scholarship and focused on separate aspects of essays perfection education as well as on different grade levels. This small but intense body of scholarship and research into the interrelationships between writing and reading also focused on ways in which those relationships might affect learning, and analytical essay of frankenstein inform instruction. It was initially motivated and shaped by extensive research on cognitive processes in the separate fields of writing and reading, primarily from a constructivist perspective. Here, both writing and reading were linked to language and communication as well as reasoning. Essays. A concomitant wave of research into essay service the social dimensions of writing and reading, with an eye to their actual functions and uses, moved the target of theory and essays research toward contextualized practice within real life and real school situations. As a result, one route of scholarship began to of marijuana, examine literacy or, rather, literate acts as they serve social and essays communicative uses, with a concomitant shift in the focus of inquiry away from writing and reading relationships, and toward the ways in which they function in the contexts of the thesis life, both in essays perfection, and outside the classroom. As the object of inquiry became more contextualized, similarities and of marijuana differences in the writing and reading processes and the ways in which reading and writing develop, affect each other, and relate to learning and schooling became less focal.
They did not, however, become less important. We will review these changes and close the chapter with a call for essays perfection, a renewed although somewhat changed research focus on the uses of of frankenstein reading and writing and the ways in which reading and writing interact in relation to the contexts and social relations in which they are embedded. Informed by past as well as current knowledge from the perspectives of sociocognitive, sociohistorical, and critical theory as well as psychology, linguistics, anthropology and English, this renewed focus will examine ways in which reading and writing function in the development and gattaca essays communication of ideas and understandings in the social, private, and internal worlds of people and groups. A Brief History of Writing and Reading Research. Until the 1970's writing and analytical essay reading were not conceptualized as being integrated.
At most, they were regarded as separate, perhaps related, language processes. In part, this is because notions of writing and reading grew from different traditions. Essays. Taking an analytical essay of frankenstein, historical look back, one sees a conceptual and disciplinary schism between scholarship in essays, writing and essay reduction through ict reading. They have been shaped by different scholars having different backgrounds and training. Writing, as an academic subject, is deeply rooted in classic Aristotelian rhetoric. Focusing on invention, arrangement, style, memory and delivery, Aristotelian rhetoric was intended for the very well educated (usually male) individual.
It dominated course work in perfection, American colleges during the 18th century and rivers was modeled after the curriculum already taught in English universities (Langer Allington, 1992, p. 688). By the 1800#146;s the work of Campbell (1963 ) and Blair's (1965 ) belles-lettres view of rhetoric became widespread in the United States, bringing appreciation of the art of writing into the commonplace tradition (Langer Allington, 1992, p. 688). While rhetoric continued to emphasize grammar, diction, word choice, etc., there was a new focus on the functions of discourse and the study of literary models. Toward the end of the 19th century these traditional notions of writing were challenged by practical, functional views of writing and by the progressive movement. The work of gattaca perfection Carpenter, Baker Scott (1903) and Dewey (1915), calling for experiential student-centered education became influential, but it did not replace traditional notions of and approaches to writing.
Writing remained rooted in rhetoric through the 1940s, 50s and 60s, but the emphasis shifted among classic Aristotelian views, expressionist views, and of frankenstein the new rhetoric. Interest in writing processes grew in the 1970's and 80's. Work in the fields of language and cognition (Anderson Bower, 1973; Chafe, 1970; Chomsky, 1965; Fillmore, 1968; 1, 1970; Rumelhart, 1975; Schank Ableson, 1977; Searle, 1969; Tulving, 1972; Winograd, 1972) led to a research emphasis on the relationships among writing processes, the learner and the text (Bereiter Scardamalia, 1982; Emig, 1971; Flower Hayes, 1980; Hillocks, 1972). The perspectives of sociolinguistic and anthropological approaches to research (Cazden, John, Hymes, 1972; Cicourel et al., 1974; Cook-Gumperz, Gumperz, Simon, 1982; Erickson Shultz, 1977; Frake, 1983; Halliday, 1976; Heath, 1983; McDermott, 1977; Mischler, 1979; Shuy, 1967; Sinclair Coulthard, 1975) led to a continued emphasis on these relationships, but also on the individual learner in a specific context making use of writing and gattaca essays perfection reading for specific purposes that had social and rivers interpersonal meaning. The early history of reading follows a different course. Tradition in reading curriculum relied on British notions of primary instruction (for method), on religion (for content), and by the later 1800's on scientific experiments (for theory) (Langer Allington, 1992, p. 694). Progressive views emphasizing the individual learner and gattaca student centered instruction affected reading, but by the early 1900's reading was already deeply rooted in psychological research. In fact, the combined effects of the expanding scientific research base and the application of management principles to the organization of schools seemed to overwhelm the influence of the progressive reading educators (Langer Allington, 1992, p. 695). Reading research, curriculum and of frankenstein instruction continued to be shaped by associationist and behaviorist psychology through the 1940's, 50's and gattaca 60's. During this time reading was also influenced by research and theory in language and concept development (e.g., Bloom, 1971; Bruner, 1960, 1966; Inhelder Piaget, 1958), linguistics (e.g., Bloomfield, 1942; Fries, 1963), and psycholinguistics (e.g. Goodman, 1967; Smith 1971).
During the 1970's the fields of sociolinguistics and language acquisition became influential. Cognitive psychology and constructivist perspectives began to rivers coursework, shape reading research as attention began to shift toward the meaning construction that occurs during reading and gattaca essays perfection toward the interactions between reader and text. Due to their different beginnings, research traditionally approached writing and reading as distinct areas of exploration. The 1980's marked a change in of marijuana, focus. Research began to examine the relationships between writing and reading as cognitive and social processes. Throughout the last decade, research has maintained its interest in writing and reading as separate but interdependent and interrelated acts, while interest in literacy, has grown steadily. Distinctions are now made between literacy as the act of writing and reading and literacy as a way of thinking and speaking (Langer 1987). Language is a tool and literacy is culturally based involves the higher intellectual skill appropriate to the culture, and is learned by children as they interact with families and communities (Langer, 1987, p. 2). Langer’s sociocognitive view of gattaca perfection literacy is fully compatible with the distinction Collins (1995) makes between a universalist or autonomous literacy, seen as a general, uniform set of techniques and uses of language, with identifiable stages and clear consequences for culture and eveline essay cognition, and relativist or situated literacies, seen as diverse, historically and culturally variable practices with texts (Collins, 1995, p. 75-76).
In light of these expanded views, literacy research has a broader scope. While the skills, processes and gattaca perfection interplay of reading and writing remain important, they are much less distinct. Therefore, the central focus of research on literacy examines reading and eveline essay writing as they embedded in social and cultural contexts. Essays Perfection. Influenced by the field of anthropology and the methods of ethnographic research, literacy studies now explore how, when and rivers coursework where reading and writing are used, by whom and for what purposes. This shift is evident in the titles of literature published between 1984 and 1997. The titles of reports and books published by National Council of Teachers of English, International Reading Association and nine major journals in the fields of perfection education, reading and English were searched using descriptors such as reading and on community service writing, writing and reading, and literacy.
This search yielded 164 titles. Seventy-three percent of these titles contain the word literacy. Twenty-seven percent of the titles contain the words reading and writing or writing and reading. Interestingly, eighty-two percent of the publications with the word literacy in the title were published between 1990 and 1997. Only eighteen percent were published between 1984 and 1989. Publications with the words reading and writing or writing and reading in the title seem more evenly distributed, with forty-three percent being published between 1984 and 1989 and fifty-seven percent being published between 1990 and 1997. Writing and Reading Relationships. Writing and reading have long been considered to be related activities. Essays Perfection. Along with listening and speaking, they have been treated by educators as essential components of the English language arts pie, at least since the National Conference on Research in English Charter in 1932 (Petty, 1983). Dubliners Eveline. The very image of a pie, with its separate slices, illustrates the essays perfection collected but separate way in which the dubliners essay parts were construed to relate. However, a large and extremely influential body of research from a constructivist perspective (Anderson, Spiro Montague, 1977; Bereiter Scardamalia, 1982; Hayes Flower, 1980; Spiro, Bruce Brewer, 1980) indicates that reading and writing development are characterized by essays perfection, gradually more sophisticated rule-governed representations, and that the learner is an active problem-solver who is influenced by background knowledge, text, and context.
A concomitant and eventually equally influential body of work, primarily from a sociolinguistic, sociocultural, and sociohistorical perspective (Chafe, 1970; Cook-Gumperz Gumperz, 1981; Halliday, 1975; Heath, 1983; Scribner Cole, 1981; Stubbs, 1980; Vygotsky, 1978, 1986) permitted consideration of ways in which life's experiences as well as the uses and rivers coursework functions of writing and reading affect not only the perfection acts of writing and reading, but how they relate. As early as the 1960s, during the period of extensive interdisciplinary research into language and thought spearheaded by essay reduction ict, the Center for Cognitive Studies at Harvard (e.g., Brown Bellugi, 1964; Bruner, Goodnow Austin, 1956; Weir, 1962), writing and reading were regarded as related language processes. Loban (1963), in his important longitudinal study of students' reading and writing development across 4th, 6th, and 9th grades, indicated strong relationships between reading and writing as measured by test scores. He reported that students who wrote well also read well, and that the converse was true. Further, these relationships become even more pronounced across the school grades. In 1983, Stotsky published a review of correlational and experimental studies that investigated reading and writing relationships. Her much cited synthesis spans approximately fifty years from the beginning of the 1930's to 1981. Correlational studies to that time showed that better writers tend to be better readers (of their own writing as well as of other reading material), that better writers tend to read more than poorer writers, and that better readers tend to produce more syntactically mature writing than poorer readers (p. 636). With regard to instruction she reported, Studies that sought to improve writing by providing reading experiences in place of grammar study or additional writing practice found that these experiences were as beneficial as, or more beneficial than, grammar study or extra writing practice.
Studies that used literary models also found significant gains in writing. On the other hand, almost all studies that sought to improve writing through reading instruction were ineffective (p. 636). However, the cumulative research through the beginning of 1980 was sparse, and did not focus on gattaca essays, explaining the nature of the interrelationships between the two processes. A number of scholars contributed toward a growing conception of reading and writing relationships by focusing on students' engagement in the tasks, describing how from the early years, children use signs and symbols (both those in their environment and those they invent) to analytical, gain and convey meaning, even as they are first acquiring the perfection conventionally accepted codes (Bissex, 1980; Clay, 1975; Read, 1971).
Wittrock (1983) considered the essay on poverty ict generative nature of gattaca perfection both domains; De Ford (1981) noted the supporting and interactive nature of the processes as they occur in primary classrooms; and Goodman and Goodman (1983) described relationships between the two based upon coursework the pragmatic functions of each. Through efforts to comminicate through writing and reading, they gradually adopt both symbols and conventions of use. Eckhoff (1983) found that the second grade students she studied tended to gattaca essays, imitate the style and structure of the essay on poverty basals used for reading instruction, which affected the organizational structures and linguistic complexity of the students' writing. Chall Jacobs (1983) conducted a study of writing and reading development among poor children, based on NAEP-like test scores. Although reading and writing scores in grades 2 and 3 were good, they noted a deceleration in proficiency gains beginning in grades 4 and 5 and continuing through grade 7. Factor analyses indicated that reading and writing were strongly related. Together, this work suggested that the two domains do have an impact upon one another, with implications for enhancing learning. It also suggested a need to better understand the gattaca perfection underlying processes of writing and reading and how they relate to one another. Writing and Reading Processes: Similarities and Differences.
Constructivist theory as well as research asserts that writing and reading are both meaning-making activities (Anderson, Spiro Montague, 1977; Gregg Steinberg, 1980). hen people write and read, meaning is continually in a state of becoming. The mind anticipates, looks back, and forms momentary impressions that change and grow as meaning develops (Fillmore, 1981; Langer, 1984). Language, syntax, and structure are all at eveline play as texts-in-the-head and texts-on-paper develop. Because writing and gattaca essays reading involve the development of meaning, both were conceptualized as composing activities in the sense that both involve planning, generating and revising meaning -- which occur recursively throughout the meaning-building process as a person's text world or envisionment grows. From this perspective, some scholars speak of the writer as a reader and the reader as a writer (Graves Hansen, 1983; Smith, 1983). According to Smith (1983) reading like a writer allows one to actually become a writer. When reading like a writer, in addition to making meaning of the text, the reader takes in and learns from the author#146;s style, use of conventions and the like. When reading like a writer, the reader uses the author#146;s text as a model for texts that he or she reader will eventually write. During the essay development of a piece, the writer always does a certain amount of reading. And, further, writers often try to place themselves in the shoes of their audience, the readers, in order to check the comprehensibility of their presentation from the reader's perspective. In a similar manner, the reader has also been considered a writer in that the reader's mind races ahead to anticipate (and thus create) not only the message, but also the structure and presentational style of a piece; words are thought of as well as ideas, in ways in essays, which they might appear (Bereiter Scardamalia, 1982; Flower Hayes, 1980).
Thus, a reader's text can be compared with an author's text, and revised when needed. This sense of writing as reading provides a sense of personal engagement to on community benefits, the reading experience. Readers also sometimes place themselves in essays perfection, the shoes of the author in order to gain a personal or cultural perspective that enriches their own responses or interpretation (Purves, 1993) Tierney Pearson (1983) argued that both readers and writers compose meaning. Reduction. They described as essential characteristics of the effective composing process: planning, drafting, aligning, revising, and monitoring. Essays. Further, they saw these acts of composing as involving continuous, recurring, and recursive transactions among readers and writers, their respective inner selves, and their perceptions of each other's goals and desires (p. 578). They distinguished their conception from earlier notions of reading and writing relationships in a number of ways including treating the two domains as multi-modal processes and considering the inner as well as social selves of the writer and analytical essay reader.
Tierney (1985), in a later description of this model, suggests that purpose also plays a role, Both reading and gattaca perfection writing are tools in accordance with the purposes they serve; they cannot be extracted from context (p. 115). Both domains were also considered similar composing activities in that writers and readers use similar kinds of knowledge (Aulls, 1985; Flood Lapp,1987; Kucer, 1987) in the act of making their meanings: knowledge about language, knowledge about content, knowledge about genre conventions, knowledge about organization and structure, knowledge of pragmatics (in this case about the appropriate use of other kinds of knowledge in ict, relation to the activity -- the author's purpose for perfection, having written the essay on community service benefits piece, or their own purposes for having taken up that act of writing or reading), and knowledge about gattaca essays perfection interaction (especially between reader and author). Rubin Hansen (1986) suggested that different types of knowledge that can be tapped through reading instruction might transfer to writing instruction: informational knowledge, structural knowledge, transactional knowledge, aesthetic knowledge, and the thesis process knowledge. Flower (1988) adds knowledge of purpose.
She asks how writers come by their sense of purpose; how (or whether) readers are affected by the rhetorical structure woven by writers; and how individual purposes interact with context and convention in the creation and interpretation of a text. She calls for more studies on the active strategies of writers and readers and their relationships. Researchers have also pointed to specific differences between writing and essays reading. In her study of children reading and writing, Langer (1986a) found that while reading and writing are cognitively related efforts with regard to meaning making, they are markedly different with regard to activity, strategy and purpose. They also differ across ages with regard to the variety of approaches that they use and the behaviors they exhibit while reading or writing. Langer (1986a), developed a procedure for analyzing the essay on poverty reduction knowledge sources, reasoning operations, monitoring behaviors and specific strategies used during the course of meaning construction before, during and after reading and writing, for perfection, a study of 3rd, 6th and 9th graders' reading and rivers writing of stories and reports. Essays Perfection. She found that although the same reasoning behaviors are called upon when reading and writing for meaning, the patterns of each category showed differences between writing and dubliners reading.
Specifically, the gattaca perfection study identified differences in behaviors and their frequency of the thesis use in response to the nature of the task. When reading and writing, students' dominant concern was found to be with the meanings they were developing. Essays. There are stable and consistent approaches to envisionment building that emerged, as evidenced in the students' focus on ideas, content, product, and refinement of meaning. Dubliners. These structures and strategies changed in similar ways as the language user matured. However, underlying this overall focus were such differences as a slightly higher concern with bottom-up issues such as mechanics, syntax, text, and lexical choices when writing as compared to reading (p.94). Also, when students wrote they were more aware of and essays perfection concerned with the strategies they used to get at meaning. While writing they were more concerned with setting goals and sub-goals. When reading, on the other hand, they focused more on content and validation of the text-worlds they were developing.
Shanahan's (1987) study was quite different from Langer's, yet some findings are similar. He used four reading measures and eight writing measures to the thesis of marijuana, study the magnitude and nature of the reading and writing relationship, and to estimate the amount of overlap that exists between the perfection components of writing and reading used in his study of the thesis of marijuana 2nd and 5th grade students' writing and reading. His findings suggest that the idea that reading and writing are identical in gattaca essays, terms of underlying knowledge, does not appear to be true (p. 98). Although the correlations he found between the reading and essay on community service writing variables he examined were significant, they were much lower than would have been expected if the two domains were identical. Shanahan concludes that, In fact, the correlations are low enough that it would be unwise to expect automatic improvements to gattaca essays, derive from the essay combination of reading and writing or from the replacement of one with the other (p. 98). Webster Ammon (1994) used a Piagetian framework to explore the relationship between cognitive scores (specific classification and seriation tasks) and specific reading and writing tasks at the elementary level. In interpreting the generally low correlations, they concluded that facility with the relevant cognitive skill is necessary but not sufficient (p.
101) for a high level of performance in writing and reading. Also, like Langer (1986a ) their findings indicated that reading and writing differences are more powerful predictors of children's approaches towards meaning development than is gattaca perfection genre (p. 104). Together, the work on reading and writing processes indicates that writing and reading are deeply related activities of language and thought that are shaped through use. The structures and strategies that writers and readers use to organize, remember, and present their ideas are generally the same in writing and reading. However, the structure of the eveline message and gattaca essays perfection the strategies used to rivers, formulate and organize it are driven by purpose and therefore different. Writing and Reading Relationships With Regard to gattaca perfection, Instruction. Researchers and scholars interested in about spent my holidays, writing and reading connections have also considered ways in which the two, conceptualized as related composing processes, might implicate various uses of language and thought, and affect students' learning. Specifically, research began to examine how the processes of reading and writing are related in actual practice. Researchers also looked at the ways in which students' knowledge of writing and reading processes can influence and support reading and writing respectively in gattaca essays, the classroom. They also studied the kinds of classroom contexts and instructional activities that might foster reading and writing as mutually beneficial activities.
When approached as similar, related composing processes rather than as isolated skills and behaviors, writing and reading can influence and essay support the development of reading, writing, and thinking (Squire, 1983). Writers incorporate what they have learned about language, structure and style from the gattaca essays texts they have encountered as readers. They also reflect on their knowledge of texts they have read and experiences they have had as a way of generating and synthesizing ideas for writing. Coursework. In becoming familiar with and gaining experience in writing and reading texts even first graders can develop a sense of authorship that helps them in either composing process (Graves Hansen, 1983, p. 182). The experience and knowledge that is shared between reading and writing can strengthen a writer's ability to read and perfection a reader's ability to essay on community service benefits, write (Blatt Rosen, 1987; Butler Turbil, 1984; Rubin Hansen, 1986; Shanahan Lomax, 1986). In a study which compared the interactive model, the reading to write model, and the writing to read model of the writing and reading relationship (Shanahan Lomax, 1986), writing samples from 256 second graders and 251 first graders were examined with regard to specific reading and writing dimensions. Analyses showed that the students' work at both grade levels was best described by the interactive model of the reading and writing relationship that suggests the transfer of gattaca perfection knowledge between the two processes. This transfer and sharing of dubliners eveline knowledge is gattaca also demonstrated in a study of fifth graders sharing their poetry as well as the work of published authors (Comstock, 1992). Over time, students began borrowing literary techniques, like the use of imagery and repetition, from each other. They also began to look to their surroundings for ideas that might prompt them to write. Blatt Rosen's (1987) account of a young child's ability to rivers coursework, call on her experience as a listener and reader of fairy tales as she wrote her own also demonstrates this transfer of gattaca essays knowledge between writing and reading.
She was able to create a tale that includes a protagonist, an antagonist, and a conflict and begins with Once upon dubliners a time much like all the tales with which she is perfection familiar (p. 123). It seems that reading and writing intersect in natural ways when literate persons are actively using reading and writing to learn (Hanson et. Rivers Coursework. al, 1991, p. 58). This, in light of research, has implications for what might happen in gattaca, classrooms that encourage thinking and learning through purposeful reading and writing. It also has implications for analytical of frankenstein, what classrooms that support reading and writing relationships might look like. To begin, research tells us that successful instruction in gattaca essays perfection, both reading and writing can begin in the earliest grades (Butler Turbil, 1984; Clay, 1985; Graves Hansen, 1983; Shanahan Lomax, 1986), and rivers coursework are best learned when not taught in isolation from each other (Blatt Rosen, 1987; Butler Turbil, 1984; Sternglass, 1987).
Even though it is possible for gattaca essays perfection, instruction in writing to improve students' reading comprehension of informational texts (Raphael, Kirschner Englert, 1988), to affect overall learning, instruction does best to focus on essay, both reading and writing (Ferris Snyder, 1986; Shanahan, 1984). Instruction in gattaca, one cannot replace instruction in the other if all language curriculum goals are to be met (Ferris Snyder, 1986, p. 755). In the classroom, students do best with frequent and extended opportunities to read and write (Blatt Rosen, 1987; Butler Turbil, 1984; Hanson, et. al, 1991; Rubin Hansen, 1986) and when exposed to a body of the thesis of marijuana literature that represents a variety of genres, topics, and styles (Blatt Rosen, 1987; Butler Turbil, 1984; Comstock, 1992). Providing students with choice in what they read and write and are encouraged to read and write, and opportunities to write about topics and ideas that interest them and with which they are familiar positively affects their attitudes toward and opportunities to learn (Hanson, 1991; Rubin Hansen, 1986). Teachers most successfully support their students' reading and writing development when they create a variety of gattaca learning contexts, such as cooperative learning groups and on community peer dyads, where discussion and instructional scaffolding support students' needs (Hiebert, 1991). Within these contexts teachers help students explore their understandings by providing them with ample opportunities to consider personal responses to the texts they compose and to essays perfection, make links between their prior experiences and what they are reading and writing. Students share their ideas and insights and feel that they will be accepted by members of the classroom community (Blatt Rosen, 1987; Butler Turbil, 1984; Comstock, 1992; Graves Hansen, 1983; Hanson et. al, 1991; Rubin Hansen, 1986; Sternglass, 1987).
From this perspective, classrooms serve as contexts where readers can develop their understandings through their knowledge and about expertise as writers and vice versa. Instruction that encourages meaning making through reading and writing is based on an understanding of reading and writing as related composing processes. In the classroom, a failure to recognize that composing and comprehending are process-oriented thinking skills which are basically interrelated. Gattaca. impedes our efforts not only to teach children to read and write, but our efforts to teach them how to think (Squire, 1983, p. 581). Writing and Reading as Related to Thinking, Conceptualizing and Communicating Knowledge. Moving beyond an examination of the ways in which writing and reading are related is research that examines how reading and writing, as processes, are used to conceptualize and communicate thoughts and ideas. On Poverty Reduction Through Ict. This research looks at the synergism (Tierney, 1992, p. 250) between the gattaca perfection interrelated meaning making activities of reading and writing.
During these activities it is the interplay of mind and the thesis of marijuana text that brings about new interpretations, reformulations of ideas, and new learnings (Langer, 1986a, p. 2-3). A number of these studies have examined how reading and writing interact and are informed by one's facility with writing and reading respectively. In addition to demonstrating that children's writing is heavily influenced by their reading experiences, De Ford's (1981) observations of first graders indicate that there is a supportive, interactive relationship between the reading and writing processes. Children learn about how to become writers from reading as well as how to become readers. By understanding authorship, they sort out what reading is all about gattaca perfection through writing (De Ford, 1981, p. 657).
A sense of authorship can lead to the development of critical literacy in essay about my holidays, which the perfection reader/writer moves past simply understanding the content of the of marijuana text or using it as a model to be imitated and begins to question, test, shape and reshape it (Flower, 1990). Greene (1992) expands on this notion of learning to become a writer through reading by introducing the metaphor of mining as a means of exploring how writers read when they have an perfection, eye toward authoring their own texts. By comparing the think aloud protocols of several students who are reading argumentative essays with the intention of eventually writing one, Greene looks at how mining a text and critically reading a text differ. Mining is fueled by three key strategies that can inform reading: reconstructing context, inferring or imposing structure, and seeing choices in language. [Using these strategies], a reader can begin to make informed guesses about how to use the ideas or discourse features of a given text in light of his or her goals as a writer (Greene, 1992, p. 155). When mining, a sense of authorship guides the reader. By using the three strategies the miner of a text engages in an ongoing process of reading, analyzing, and authoring that recognizes the social nature of discourse.
Each piece of writing that a student reads or writes is a contribution to an ongoing written conversation (p. 158). Conversely, the critical reader engages in a search for meaning by breaking down isolated texts. Little attention is given to the kind of knowledge that would enable them to apply their critical reading skills to other tasks (p. 159). Questions about how a sense of of marijuana authorship can guide reading are also taken up by studies examining how writers create new texts of gattaca their own from multiple sources which may include the texts they are reading presently as well as their own prior knowledge. Readers/writers transform texts (Spivey, 1990) through the constructive tasks of selecting, connecting and organizing information from source texts and prior knowledge. This incorporation of prior knowledge is dubliners essay what Stein (1990) refers to as elaboration.
This cognitive process is the principle means by which information from memory is combined with source text material in perfection, the reading process (p. 146). Elaborations during reading create a pool of ideas from which to draw during the writing process (p. 147). Whether referred to as reading to write (Flower, 1990; Stein, 1990) or composing from on community benefits sources (McGinley, 1992; Spivey, 1990; Spivey King, 1989), the gattaca essays perfection readers/writers are involved in processes of reading and analytical essay writing that are so integrated. that boundaries between the gattaca perfection two processes tend to blur.
When writers compose. from sources, reading and writing processes blend, making it difficult, if not. impossible, to distinguish what is being done for purposes of reading and from. what is being done for essay on poverty, purposes of writing. Gattaca. we often cannot say whether a writer. performs a certain operation to make meaning of the text that is read or to make. meaning for the text that is being written (Spivey, 1990 p. 258). Creating new texts in this way is coursework a complex and recursive process (McGinley, 1992) in which context (e.g., task, setting, prior experience of reader/writer), one#146;s expertise as a reader, and his or her ability to essays perfection, use strategies play important roles (Flower, 1990; McGinley, 1992; Stein, 1990; Spivey, 1990; Spivey King, 1989). Research has also considered the effects of reading and essay on poverty writing on thinking and how different types of writing tasks shape thinking and learning. It suggests that reading and essays perfection writing in combination are more likely to essay my holidays, prompt critical thinking than when reading is separated from writing or when reading is combined with knowledge activation or answering questions (Tierney et al., 1989, p. 134). Research also looks more specifically at the types of writing that shape thinking (Greene 1993; Langer, 1986b; Langer Applebee, 1987; Marshall, 1987; Newell, 1984; Newell Winograd, 1989).
In the content areas, essay writing was found to be more beneficial than answering questions or taking notes regardless of students#146; prior knowledge (Newell, 1984). Students involved in note-taking and responding to study questions seem to concentrate on remembering and regurgitating specific information from the text. Essay writing, on the other hand, provides students with opportunities to essays perfection, make connections and on community think broadly about a topic. Gattaca Perfection. These studies indicate that the rivers coursework greatest variety of reasoning operations occur during essay writing, suggesting that this type of activity provides time for students to think most flexibly as they develop their ideas (Langer Applebee 1987, p. 100). These findings are supported by Marshall's (1987) examination of the relationship between writing and the understanding of literature. By looking at the effects of restricted writing, personal analytic writing, and formal analytic writing, he found that restricted writing like responding to short answer questions may actually hinder students' understanding of literary texts because such tasks fail to provide students with an opportunity to explore and elaborate on possible interpretations. Similarly, Greene (1993) studied the ways in which problem-based essays and report writing assignments shaped history students#146; thinking as they attempted to compose from multiple sources. He found that both tasks allowed students to develop their understanding of history. There was no significant effect for the type of task with regard to learning.
However, [d]ifferent tasks of writing encouraged students not only to think about historical issues differently but also to supply different patterns of organization in writing about these issues. Differences in text structure concretely reflected students' differential interpretations of how to go about writing reports and solving problems (p. 72). Clearly, the focus of research has shifted. Emphasis on reading and writing as parallel processes with similar cognitive strategies has yielded to understanding the integration of reading and writing and the interaction between the mind and text. Within this body of research, process and purpose remain focal. Also, the effects of perfection grade and ability level on reading and writing persist as areas of concern. Essay. Finally, the contexts in which reading and writing are embedded gain increasing attention. Writing and Reading as Literacy Events. As sociolinguistic, sociocultural and anthropological perspectives became more influential, new ways of thinking, talking, and learning about essays literacy took hold.
There was growing interest in the interactions surrounding text and the ways in which interactions between and among individuals, who they are, and why they are writing and reading influence meaning making. Research that continues to grow from this orientation asks that we reconsider previous ways of looking at writing and reading relationships; reading and writing are considered as intertwined and inseparable language tools. From this vantage point, the attention of research turns to literate behaviors and literate ways of thinking. Here, literacy means the ability to manipulate the language and thought involved when people make sense in a variety of situations; it involves ways of thinking that are learned in the many contexts of life (Langer, 1987; 1995). The functions and coursework uses of oral, written, and spoken language as well as the images and other semiotic meaning-bearing devices encountered and used in the variety of everyday life experiences (John-Steiner, 1995; New London Group, 1996) are the focus.
Research from this perspective has focused on gattaca essays, the ways in which adolescents, adults, and even the very young use language to construct meaning within particular social and about cultural communities (Dyson, 1989, 1992; Heath, 1983; Scribner Cole, 1981; Teale Sulzby, 1986). Within this body of gattaca research the literacy event is a conceptual tool useful in examining within particular communities of modern society the actual forms and reduction ict functions of gattaca oral and literate traditions and co-existing relationships between spoken and written language (Heath, 1988, p. 350). On Poverty Reduction Through Ict. Research observes the ongoing activities that make up literacy events occurring in the classroom and in the community at gattaca perfection large (e.g., home, workplace). Reading and essay on poverty reduction ict writing are integrated within and essential to these ongoing activities. Langer (1997) describes eight years of research which investigated how individuals in school and in school-like settings think and essays reason when they are engaged with literature and how classroom interactions may foster literacy development. She found that envisionment-building literature classes invite students to be members of a social community where they can share their ideas and on community differences with others and expect those differences to move their own thinking toward more individually rich, but never singular interpretations (p. Gattaca Essays Perfection. 10) Her research also showed that a collaborative, broad-based literature activity such as story writing/telling provided individuals of diverse ages, linguistic and cultural backgrounds with opportunities to become aware of and discuss language and discourse differences as well as to eveline, learn English literacy. Despite their ages, be they 2 or 42 years old, they were members of a language and gattaca essays literacy- rich environment where they learned to talk about and essay through ict control features of language and gattaca essays form--where the literature that was sought and valued was their own (p.
9). Students in the envisionment-building classroom and essay of frankenstein those involved in the broad based activity are constantly and simultaneously involved in listening, discussing, reading and writing but reading and writing are not viewed as separate in time or in gattaca, purpose. Essay. Furthermore, they are never regarded as skills, activities, or ends in themselves, but as tools of language (Langer, 1995, p. 140). Research shows clearly that even very young children engage in literacy (Dyson, 1989, 1992) when they use print to represent their ideas and to interact with other people (Dyson, 1992, p. 4). Literacy emerges when children scribble, draw and label pictures, and create, act out or retell stories. During these times they are engaged in literate behaviors that are essential parts of the language development process (Teale Sulzby, 1986).
Dyson (1989, 1992) found that children's literacy development was directly linked to the social practices that surrounded them, that is, to perfection, their discovery of literacy's rich relevance to their present interactions with friends and to their reflections on their experiences (1989, p. 276). The Thesis Of Marijuana. Through the support of the peer and adult members of children's literate communities, children learned that language can be used for social and practical purposes. This body of research requires that we reconsider how we understand the relationship between writing and reading. From this perspective, writing and reading are intertwined and embedded in the larger picture of literacy. It also moves us to reflect on essays, what counts as literacy. Finally, it asks that we take a closer look at the ways in the thesis of marijuana, which literacy is developed and demonstrated at home, work, and school. In thinking about literacy as universalist, autonomous (Collins, 1995; Street, 1993) or as schooled literacy(Cook-Gumperz, 1986), what counts are those behaviors, practices, skills, or tasks that are traditionally associated with reading and writing. According to this description, one becomes literate through independent or teacher-led interaction with written texts. One's level of literacy, and the resultant label of literate or illiterate, is determined through the testing and measuring of essays perfection these skills. Literacy then is assumed to be a standardized, institutional notion which exists and is identified independently of a social or cultural context. Moreover, this notion of literacy is often the basis by which schools and society determine one's intellect, educability and potential contribution to and earning power in the work force.
Heath (1983) found that some children, as members of particular communities, are accustomed to and participate in literate ways of on community benefits thinking and behaving that may not be incorporated into or reflected in the children's classrooms. As such, children in these communities often have great difficulty succeeding in school. In her study, teachers help children from essays perfection three communities narrow the gaps between their home and community literacy experiences and on community service those of school. Teachers believed that [t]heir central role was to pass on to all groups certain traditional tools and ways of using language. Essays. Children had to reformulate to different degrees their home habits of handling knowledge and their ways of talking about coursework knowledge (p. 354-355). In this body of work, literacy was not seen as solely cognitive interplay of separate reading and writing behaviors or practices, but rather as involving: . manipulation of the language and thought we engage in when we make sense and convey ideas in essays perfection, a variety of situations; it involves ways of essay thinking, which we learn in the many contexts of our lives. Gattaca Essays Perfection. It enables the personal empowerment that results when people use their literacy skills to think and rethink their understandings of texts, themselves, and the world. It gives importance to individuals and the oral and written texts they create and encounter, and calls upon as well as fosters the kinds of language and coursework thought that mark good and sharp thinking (Langer, 1995, p. 1). The studies focused on perfection, ways in which reading and writing can be used as tools to make sense of the world and to the thesis of marijuana, express thoughts that demonstrate and perfection convey literate knowledge and understanding. Where from here?
A new set of issues have been brought to the table by a variety of writers who take, for example, a feminist perspective (Belenky et al, 1986; Brodkey, 1989; Gilligan, 1982; Fetterly, 1978; Minnich, 1990; Solsken, 1993) or a cultural perspective (Ferdman, 1990; Hakuta, 1986; Street, 1984; Valencia, 1991; Weber, 1991; Wong-Fillmore, 1992). These writers foreground issues of power (Apple, 1982; Bordieu Passeron, 1977; Cope Kalantzis, 1993; Freire, 1972; Halliday Martin, 1993), self (Giroux, 1983; Rockhill, 1993, Rose, 1989), and more recently authorship (Rabinowitz Smith, 1997) which further complicate our notions of writing and reading relationships in essay on poverty through, important ways. They cause us to consider the connections between literacy and the ways in which we place ourselves vis-a-vis the literacy experience. They propel us to consider essential issues such as whose text and whose agency are being considered, along with what assumptions are being made about reader's knowledge and experiences. The next logical step is for researchers to look at how readers and writers, as both individuals and members of a variety of groups, approach reading and writing as constructive tasks that are embedded in life's situations. Essays Perfection. More precisely, research needs to refocus on the ways in which reading and writing develop and influence each other while constantly being affected by the social, cultural, and political contexts in which they are enacted. This will require consideration of genres.
For example, if genres are the products of essay on poverty through ict socially developed conventions that foster communicability within groups of people, as the variety of essays groups considered to fall within the purview of the analytical educational sphere changes to include the variety of students who populate both our schools and the world, so too will our understandings of the constructions of these genres need to change so that we might recognize, value, and teach them. So too, will we need to study the essays inevitable genre changes as the groups themselves change over time. A number of school and classroom-based research agendas are called for. First, careful teaching and learning studies are needed of situated (Brown, Collins, Draguid, 1989; Greeno, 1997) and activity-based , 1981) learning events from the perspectives of the essay about my holidays diverse students and gattaca essays teachers who comprise the classes, the nature of the discourse groups they form, communicate within, and about spent learn from, and the ways in which the students learn, as well as the gattaca perfection literacy skills and knowledge they develop in these settings. Of course student learning will need to be considered in relation to the ways in which particular tasks and group dynamics affect various aspects of literacy learning, including the degree to which these are learned and on poverty reduction through how available they are for gattaca perfection, use in new situations. So too, will a careful look need to be taken at the particular skills and knowledge students learn in these situations, the additional kinds of support that might be needed based on students' knowledge and needs, and how these can be coherently linked in ways that are most supportive of students' growing literacy abilities. Teaching and learning studies will also need to focus on particular ways in which diversity can be used to advantage in diverse classrooms, as a way to help all students gain from the essay reduction through experiences of others and use what they already know in new literacy learning. Another set of perfection studies will need to focus on the curriculum. First, the curriculum will need to be studied in terms of what it includes and essay about spent excludes in skills as well as content, and ways in which they are linked.
The tools of learning and essays perfection uses of literacy have been rapidly changing in our present-day society, calling us to revisit the guidelines meant to structure and provide coherence to rivers, student coursework. Here, studies will need to focus on the literacy knowledge students bring to school with them but are not recognized as such (i.e., computers as well as graphic imagery; the ability to manipulate language in culturally or socially sanctioned ways such as rap) as well as the varieties of literate knowledge they will need to successfully live their lives as participants in our changing society. Research also needs to focus on what gets read, when, and how. While issues of the canon tend to become politicized, an orchestrated body of research needs to focus not only on what works are to be included and what others will be optional, but also the ways in gattaca, which particular combinations of texts can be used to stimulate more complex thinking as well as higher literacy (Applebee, 1996). Finally, studies of the curriculum will need to investigate the role curriculum can play in analytical, helping all students maintain a sense of essays perfection self-worth and learning, yet meet their differential needs as learners, with the end goal of maximum proficiency for all. Further, as classrooms change and students learn to become literate participants in particular social, political, and cultural contexts within their school environments, it will be necessary to explore the ways in which the variety of texts they are exposed to and create through writing and reading relate to their developing literate selves and the strategies they use to on community service benefits, explore and achieve life's possibilities. Anderson, J., Bower, G. (1973). Gattaca Essays. Human Associative Memory.
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