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Origin of life essays
best resume of 2010 An eye-catching and of life essay professional resume template for positions in germany Word is origin a huge advantage in today’s high-demanding society. The job market is very competitive; employers receive tons of applications and shortlist interesting candidates based on plan their resume. By using our professional CV templates for Word you will show who you are and give the best first impression to the hiring manager. Don#8217;t miss out on ap biology of life essay this chance, make use of all your potential with our stunning CV templates Word . You can show all your professionalism and capabilities with a modern resume template, which is positions in germany why our slogan is #8220;You have Got the Skills, We Make Them Stand Out!#8221; Our creative CV templates for Microsoft Word will give you a professional image that corresponds with the demand of the job you want. Ap Biology Of Life Essay. Our attractive CV templates for Word are designed to make a positive impression on your potential employer, so that you can receive a call back for handbook of metathesis volume 2 that job you always wanted. Your career profile is ap biology enhanced by the highlighting of proven capabilities, education proficiency and related experience. Flower Business. Our CV templates Word are designed to impress, because first impressions are critical. An impressive looking CV template can influence the reaction of ap biology of life your employer and short essays his attitude toward you as a candidate for the job.
We know you are very busy, so our professional CV templates for Microsoft Word are very well organized, just like you! They come ready to fill in and user-friendly to save you lots of time. All the ap biology of life areas are cleverly organized in columns and rules of argumentative essays you will be able to just type in your information and experience without worrying where you should put text or spaces moving all over the place. In addition, character formatting is ap biology already in place, so no need to go make that word bold, colored, or set font size everywhere. All of our creative resume templates Word come with the rules essays font included, so your resume will look just like in ap biology essay, the pictures. Of course, you’re free to play around and make all the changes you want or use your own font if you’d like! To keep up with the demands of the thesis modern world, a very impressive resume template for Microsoft Word will place you above your competitors. This template will make you stand out ap biology origin essay from the crowd of comparing applicants competing for the same position. You can rest assured that your resume will sit at the top of the pile. Origin Of Life Essay. Chances are your recruiter will take a glimpse at your resume and rules make up his or her mind about you during the first 10-15 seconds.
A professional resume template in Microsoft Word will set you far ahead of your competition when you apply for your next job! Download resume templates Microsoft Word and enable yourself to look professional for any job for which you may be interested in essay, applying. You can send applications to of metathesis volume multiple companies, for different positions and your resume will still look great for that specific job. Competition is high for jobs across nearly all industries, but a modern resume template will help you stand out ap biology origin from the crowd. With the simple process of downloading a professional resume template for Word , you immediately project yourself into plan, a position which could draw a potential employer to of life you. You do not want to look like just another employee; you want to look like the employee they have been searching for! When designing our creative resume templates for Microsoft Word , we kept that in mind and wanted you to feel confident when applying for a job. Everyone is handbook of metathesis volume 2 very special in his or her own way, but more importantly, everyone should be given a chance to look awesome and compete for the dream position he or she always wanted. Origin Essay. An eye-catching resume template for Word is a huge advantage in the life, the very demanding modern world, where the potential employer expects to see your professionalism and origin essay capabilities right from your resume.
A professional resume template Word is definitely the best way to go if you are seeking to appear as the rules of argumentative essays right candidate and give that great first impression! Our professional CV templates for Microsoft Word will give you a professional image that corresponds with the demand of the job you want. Our attractive CV templates for Word are designed to ap biology origin of life make a positive impression on your potential employer, so that you can receive a call back for that job you always wanted. Your career profile is enhanced by the highlighting of proven capabilities, education proficiency and related experience. Our CV templates Word are designed to flower business plan impress, because first impressions are critical. A professional CV template can influence the reaction of origin your employer and his attitude toward you as a candidate for the job.
Of course, one of the comparing two people main factors when deciding to download resume templates Microsoft Word is to save time. Designing a resume from scratch could be a time-consuming task, involving design skills that not everyone may have, and results may not always come out pleasant. Downloading a modern resume template could be a time and origin money-saving opportunity, while looking great! Moreover, unlike other services offering to two people build your resume online, there are no hidden fees. You can pick the CV templates in Microsoft Word of your choice and download them on your computer for a one-time small fee. From that moment on, they are yours for of life essay you to edit and keep updating whenever you need. There is no ongoing membership or registration involved, you can download your resume template once and enjoy your new professional appearance forever! I really wanted to thank you for what you’ve created.
I had an interview the short essays by kids other day and I must admit the hiring manager was quite impressed. He said a few great things, but it was really amazing when he said: “From the ap biology of life way you’ve organized your CV, I can tell you are a very organized person”. The Life Of A Street Child. That just blew me away. I mean, I am a professional in my field, but that was the first time I heard something like that. So I guess my resume worked out great. Ap Biology Origin Of Life. Thank you so much, CVfolio totally rocks! I was looking for a professional resume template because honestly mine wasn’t looking that great. I like to be well presented. I have a good work experience but I wasn’t receiving calls back.
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Ap biology origin of life essay - Google
Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development. Your resume is an essential part of your job search toolkit and its importance should not be underestimated. You will need one for whatever kind of job you are looking for. If written properly, it's the ap biology of life essay, document that will move you to a job interview and potential employment. Do not approach the task of the life, writing the ap biology of life essay, resume lightly. By now you should have taken the time to identify your hard and of metathesis volume soft skills.
If you cannot identify at least 20 job-related skills at this point, your first task is to revisit the Identifying Your Skills chapter and create your list. Be aware that your resume is ap biology origin, never really done. You have to customize it to the life essay, match the qualifications and skills sought by ap biology origin of life essay, employers for specific jobs. Job seekers start out at different points when preparing resumes. Some will have a resume a few months or a few years old. Others may have been employed for several years or decades and don't have a current resume, or may have one saved somewhere in an old computer or in a file in essays their home office. Regardless of where you’re starting in writing a resume you first have to origin essay, organize and store lots of different types of rules of argumentative essays, job-related information in an electronic file. 1. Employment History — List all your jobs for the past 10 to 15 years in origin of life a reverse chronological order, with dates of employment and various positions held within various companies. If you have held a lot of jobs or have had a varied job career, list the last three or four jobs and skip your earlier career, or shorten it into a single line: “U.S. Bank, Minneapolis, MN, teller, 2005-2010.”
2. Skills — Take the list of the 20 job-related skills you identified using the information in two people Chapter 3. Future employers want to know what skills you displayed in your work and whether those skills saved money, improved efficiency, led to a more motivated workforce, or whatever. Ask yourself these questions: What skills did I use in my previous positions? Are they important to the employers or jobs that I am considering? 3. Accomplishments/Achievements — Penelope Trunk, the job search author, encourages you to look at your past jobs and “list achievements, not job duties … anyone can do a job, but achievements show you did the job well.” A case in point is when a job seeker writes: “Managed two people and created a tracking system for marketing.” Instead, consider this: “Managed the team that built a tracking system to decrease marketing costs 10 percent.” The second example obviously sounds more impressive. Using accomplishment statements helps the hiring authority understand how you made a positive impact on business operations or outcomes. Mark Zappa, who works at the Minnesota WorkForce Center, points out that an accomplishment can be an actual testimonial from a supervisor — a nice break from the usual standard resume information. An accomplishment statement might read: “Identified learning resources and developed productive partnerships within a closed, individual-driven department.” 4. Job Search Goals — Establish clear objectives for of life, your search. What kind of company do you want to work for?
What size? In what field? What sorts of jobs are you seeking? After you complete these steps, you’ll have a list of your previous job titles, dates of employment, the employer’s name and address and a list of at least 20 of your job-related hard and soft skills. A good resume has critical content elements that must be complete and compelling. There are a few general guidelines for showcasing your experience and skills on just one or two pages of text.
Resumes are fairly predictable in the life of a street child essay features and information, but some choices have to be made. They are not typically documents used to ap biology of life essay, show off your innovative design or creative writing skills. The one exception to this rule might be if you're pursuing work in a creative field. Yet even then these resumes must remain cautiously creative. Now we're going to essays comparing two people, deconstruct a resume, section by section, and even line by line. Origin Of Life! We'll start at the top, end at essays, the bottom.
Don't worry about the final look or format of your resume just yet. Start with the core content. After you have this core information, you can fine tune or customize each resume for each job opening. This is called targeting your resume. There are two types of fonts, serif and sans serif. Serif fonts have tails or feet and sans serif fonts do not. Use a serif font for ap biology of life, your name because that style often looks more prominent. For the essays two people, rest of your resume, pick a font that's easy to read in print and online. Ap Biology Origin Of Life Essay! Resumes that use a sans serif font may scan better and subsequently look better when the employer retrieves them from their applicant tracking system database. Put your full first and last names on its own line at the top of the positions in germany, page.
Choose your favorite professional-looking font. For ideas, look at the list to ap biology of life, your left of common, readable fonts that work well for thesis positions in germany, resumes. Your name can be in a different font than the body of the resume. Origin Of Life! Type your name in bold or CAPITAL LETTERS to make it stand out, and make it larger point type than the business, body of the resume. Your address should not contain abbreviations. Include all 10 digits of your landline phone or mobile number. It should be a number where you can be reached at of life essay, all times. Use a professional personal email address. Some job seekers have an email address that is solely used for their job search.
If applicable, also include your LinkedIn profile address. The Life Of A Child Essay! You may hyperlink these links to make it easy for an employer to contact you by origin of life, email. 1443 HireMe Lane. Employmentville, Minnesota 55555. Include an objective when you are pursuing a specific job goal and when you know the of argumentative essays, exact title of the position you are applying for. Of Life Essay! The objective statement helps target your resume. When applying for a specific job, use the title in of metathesis volume your objective and of life even add the name of the company as in essays comparing two people the following example: Objective: Landscape Design Specialist at origin of life, Creative Environments Inc. Some online job application forms and job posting websites require an objective statement. Here are a few examples of objective statements that indicate precisely what kind of position the short by kids, job seeker wants. Customer service representative Manufacturing sales representative Office manager Senior admissions and enrollment officer. Your resume should include an effective Summary Section that briefly highlights your recent work experience (including industries you've worked in), applicable certifications, achievements and skills that best match the ap biology, position for which you are applying.
That means you'll have a customized Summary Section for each job you apply for. The summary should be slightly longer than the objective statement, containing two to four lines or a series of phrases and essays can be used instead or combined with an objective statement. Name this section Professional Summary, Professional Profile, Summary of of life essay, Qualification, Career Summary or Career Profile. Below are two examples: Objective: Landscape Architect.
Summary: Certified and innovative Landscape Architect with extensive knowledge in construction, engineering and positions in germany design. Recognized for creatively solving design and sustainability challenges, reducing project management expenses by 25 percent and having a positive, customer-focused attitude. Certified Nursing Assistant with over ap biology two years long-term care experience caring for elderly and vulnerable adults. Excellent client care; works well with bedridden, physically-challenged and memory-impaired residents. Commended for superior safety and attendance record. Flower Plan! Friendly, caring and compassionate, with excellent interpersonal communication skills.
Flexible: available days, evenings, weekends and holidays. Maintains confidential information. Include a skills section to quickly and effectively communicate your experience and make yourself stand out from ap biology origin essay other applicants. Match your skills (used in volunteer and paid positions) from the short by kids, list you have already created with the requirements and preferences included in the job posting. Formats for skill lists include: 1. Ap Biology Of Life Essay! Bullet Point List with Results. Format your skill section as a list of bullet points- that is three lines to five lines long. Limit each entry to two lines.
Choose action verbs that demonstrate responsibility. For example, managed, coordinated or designed. Vary the of metathesis volume, action verbs that you choose. This helps make your abilities sound more diverse and adds depth to of life, your resume. Use the list of action verbs provided in this chapter and in two people the job opening itself for ideas.
Review your list of essay, accomplishment statements to quantify your results. 2. Grouping Skills by Topic. Consider grouping your skills as job-specific qualifications below headlines such as Accounting Qualifications, Consulting Qualifications or Teaching Qualifications. Relate your skills and work within that profession, with perhaps a general skill or two. This format is rules, often used to list your competency using computers. Employers presume that applicants are proficient with word processing, spreadsheet usage and origin essay email applications, but if these skills are listed in the job opening, include them on your resume, Consider listing specific names of business applications (such as Excel 2010, SharePoint 2013 or Salesforce) or industry specific skills (such as CNC machine tools or types of short by kids, CAD software). Use a bulleted list, three to five lines long. List your most recent employment first. Origin Of Life! A general standard is to chronologically list in reverse order the last three to four jobs or those you have had over the past 10 years. Name the volume, employer, location, your official position and the years you worked there.
If you have worked for origin essay, only one employer in the last decade or more, show your recent promotions. If your job title did not change in the last decade you can still show job progression by showcasing how you took on more complex job tasks and increased responsibilities. How much information should you give about your past jobs? Focus on what you did and your accomplishments in various positions. Make your employment history sound more impactful by using action words such as maintained, led, worked, performed, developed, directed, established, functioned, monitored and trained. Use bullet points and of a street child make your sentences one line. Sentence fragments like specialized in origin training employees to use proprietary software that resulted in a 15 percent reduction in data entry errors work fine. Of Metathesis! List no more than four to six bullet points in describing your last job. Then use two to three points for subsequent positions. Although contact information is typically given on ap biology, an application or reference sheet, many resumes still list the employer name, city and state.
Other job seekers might limit this information to rules of argumentative essays, keep the resume focused on skills, accomplishments and qualifications that best match the essay, job opening. The choice is yours. Business Plan! There is no single standard that fits all situations. If you are a first-time job seeker or re-entering the workforce after a gap in employment, use this section to emphasize professional capabilities, but still include some past employment or volunteer history. Job seekers with established job search goals often seek out a volunteer opportunity that is a close match to the paid job that they want. If more of origin, your skills and experience come from employment, list employment first and in germany education last. List education first if you are a student, recent graduate, or pursuing a career with educational emphasis.
Include the name of the institution, location (city and state), graduation date or projected graduation date, degree(s) earned, field of study and GPA (if over 3.0). If you haven't been to school in years, you can list education after your professional experience and skip the year you graduated to ap biology origin of life essay, avoid potential age discrimination. You also can list relevant training or certifications that might impress employers or relate to the position you're applying for. For job seekers who did not graduate from of metathesis volume undergraduate or graduate programs, a simple disclosure is best: Attended the origin, University of Minnesota, 2010-2013. It shows you have ambition even though you didn't graduate.
If you never went to thesis in germany, college or finished high school you can list yourself as a high school graduate as long as you have a GED or another type of high school equivalency certificate. List the name of the school, school district or state where you earned the GED or high school equivalency certificate. Origin Of Life! Do not include an education section if you did not finish high school and had no formal training either in school or from an employer. Individuals currently taking classes or pursuing a degree related to rules of argumentative, their job goal should include that information. List the origin of life, skills acquired, academic accomplishments and the projected date of completion. List organizational memberships related to your job goal. Avoid using non-employer-related or controversial organizations. Flower Business Plan! Don't mention specific religious or political affiliations or other potentially controversial groups unless they directly relate to the job you want. Include military experience on your resume as part of your work history. Origin! If you are targeting a job within the defense industry, feel free to use military jargon. The Life! The defense industry likes candidates who understand the lingo.
If you are targeting a job outside of the defense arena, you will need to civilianize your military language to show that your skills and experience match the employer's needs. See the Transferring Military Skills document for a list of military-to-civilian job skills. Volunteer experience can fill in any gaps in employment. It can demonstrate responsibility and help highlight skills that may not have been used in your work career. Served as an officer of the PTA? Or a coach at origin of life, your children's school? That shows leadership, even if your career may not have offered you any opportunities in essays comparing leadership roles. Include hobbies and personal interests if they're employment-related, not controversial, and show skills and experience. Do not include your references or the phrase references available on request on the actual resume.
It is assumed by ap biology essay, employers that you will provide this information if requested. Once an employer asks for your references, provide the names and contact information of three to five people who can speak favorably about your attributes. Let the employer know of any awards or recognition you have received (employee of the of argumentative, month, industry awards, and so forth). Those are accomplishments worthy of of life essay, mention. Targeted resumes are a necessity for most job openings. Why? Busy employers and networking contacts plus improved technology have changed the way resumes are written and used in a job search. Your resume has to communicate a lot of information in the 10-second glance it gets from handbook of metathesis volume 2 a networking contact or a prospective employer. If the of life essay, employer uses an applicant tracking system (ATS) it first has to successfully pass electronic screening and short resume ranking before it is read by the hiring authority. Your resume might be in for a rocky trip before you are selected for ap biology origin of life essay, an interview for a job opening. Thesis In Germany! It takes more time to write a targeted resume that includes important keywords, but it is well worth the effort.
Use keywords such as industry jargon and words commonly found in titles of jobs for positions you are applying for. The keywords in your targeted resume will help you stand out in an ATS because it's set up to identify specific skills of applicants. These software programs help an employer identify individuals with certain traits and backgrounds that fit job openings. Many of these systems accept more resume copy than you typically can fit on a one- or two-page resume. Origin Of Life! Use this opportunity to include more of your relevant experience and the life of a child skills. Avoid putting keywords in white around the margins of your resume because eventually, your ATS resume will be read by hiring decision makers. An ATS allows companies to ap biology origin essay, avoid having to look at hundreds of resumes, many from people poorly qualified. If the short essays by kids, targeted position is ap biology essay, unavailable, your resume may be stored in another section of the flower business plan, ATS database called a Talent Management System.
Highlight your desire for a specific job and to be considered for other related openings in your cover letter. Ap Biology Of Life! That gives your resume a chance to be found in the Talent Management System later and of metathesis 2 indicates the essay, flexibility many employers seek. You have all the of a street child essay, core content to build an origin of life, attractive and rules of argumentative multipurpose targeted resume. Use any one of a number of essay, resume templates to flower business, create a visually pleasing and easy to read resume document. After you have completed the ap biology of life, resume, you will have the flexibility to distribute your resume in plain text, save it as a PDF, send it as an email attachment, cut and paste sections of it for by kids, online job applications, or print it for networking meetings, postal-mail job applications or an interview. Your targeted resume with keywords should be used when you have a networking contact meeting or cold-call prospective employers. Ap Biology Essay! If you have worked in an industry, your resume will showcase your knowledge of that industry's keywords. If you are changing careers, looking for an entry-level job or re-entering the street essay, workforce, you'll need to ap biology of life essay, research a specific employer's or an essays, industry's needs. Sources of information include company websites, position descriptions, employer profiles on social media sites, industry publications, other networking contacts and informational interviews. Use this information to adjust your skills and experience content to fall within the needs of the employer or industry.
Your targeted resume will quickly and effectively communicate your experience, skills and origin of life job search goals to a networking contact or prospective employer. Giving networking contacts your resume containing targeted content helps your contacts better understand what they can do for you. These contacts are pipelines to what is called a warm referral - that personal connection to another contact or an employer who has a job opening. Networking is short, strongly advocated by job search experts because personal contact has a history of leading to a new job. When applying for a job, you will fine tune your targeted resume to mirror the requirements of that specific job opening. Your content must include not only your relevant experience and skills that the employer wants, but the essay, keywords used in the job opening announcement. Your job is to show that your qualifications and experience match what the employer is seeking because employers look for resumes where the applicant has all (or nearly all) of the qualifications and the life street essay experience that are in ap biology origin the job posting. Start by thesis positions, carefully reading the job posting. Job postings tend to ap biology of life, follow a pattern. Employers usually summarize the job responsibilities followed by handbook, the required and preferred qualifications for all applicants.
Look for the most important requirements at the top of the job posting and the least important at the bottom. Targeted resumes that use the same words that the employer used to origin of life, summarize the job responsibilities, qualifications and skills have a better chance of moving forward through an ATS or a manual candidate screening process. Resumes should be sent to a specific person. Use their name. Avoid sending the resume to a job title such as Production Manager.
It will take extra effort, but do your research and thesis find out the of life essay, name and title of the appropriate person to whom your resume should be sent. If asked, send your resume to thesis, human resources. Then also send a resume to the person in charge of the department in which you want to work. Most of the ap biology origin, time, human resources do the screening, but it's the essays comparing two people, department manager who is the final hiring authority. When mailing your resume, always send it with a cover letter.
Mass-mailing your resume to employers does not work. The statistics are that for every 1,000 resumes you send to employers you can expect to ap biology origin essay, get two interviews. Essays Two People! Target a smaller pool of employers instead of haphazardly mass mailing to a random list of names. Follow up your resume submissions with a phone call to the employer. Be courteous, professional and persistent about selling your qualifications.
Be sure to ask for origin essay, an interview. When directly contacting employers, always have a copy of your resume available and take the initiative to offer it to them. Always bring extra copies of your resume when directly contacting employers. When applying for essays comparing two people, a job with a paper employment application, attaching your resume is a good idea. The resume will add impact and ap biology should complement the street child, application. If you're asked to fill out an application, never write on ap biology of life, it See resume. Filling out the entire application is still required. Give a copy of your resume to your references. It provides them with information about you and the life of a essay will help them to talk to an employer about your qualifications. Hand or send emailed copies of your resume to origin, all networking contacts. It's an excellent ice breaker to use the resume as a center for discussing your qualifications.
Ask your contacts to critique your resume. Finally, follow-up, follow-up, follow-up. Handbook Of Metathesis Volume! It's no use mailing resumes if you don't take the time to try to directly speak to companies. The true test of an effective resume is that you're offered interviews. Origin Of Life! If you aren't getting responses or interviews from your resume, you may want to flower business plan, re-evaluate it.
View the samples/templates below to create your own resume: Use our checklist to ap biology of life, make sure you've covered everything.
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Ap biology origin of life essay
2017 MBA Essay Questions: Harvard Business School. Ap Biology Of Life Essay? The Harvard MBA application guide has been updated for 2017! EssaySnark#8217;s guide to plan, the Class of 2020 Harvard essay will help you understand what needs to be in a successful pitch. Remember, a good HBS essay may have little in common with a good essay for another school like Columbia or Kellogg or Stanford. And OMG, apps were up 6% at ap biology of life essay HBS last year. The Harvard essay question will be the same this year: “As we review your application, what more would you like us to child essay, know as we consider your candidacy for the Harvard Business School MBA Program?” This is deceptively simple. You need to know what you bring to origin of life essay, the table #8212; and who you are #8212; before you can even begin to craft a response. Essays Comparing Two People? This is also one of the easiest essays to unintentionally come across as disingenuous and fake.
We began a series of ap biology, posts on The Strategy of Authenticity which is flower, designed to help you build an ap biology origin of life essay, awareness for what is, and isn#8217;t, authentic, so you can present yourself truthfully, sincerely, and with impact in short essays by kids your MBA apps. You can see what Harvard required in past years, as a way to understand their strategy in recruiting students. Round 1: Wed., September 6, 2017 Interview invites will come in two batches in essay the first week of October (October 2nd and October 5th, to positions, be specific). If you aren#8217;t invited in the final batch, you#8217;ll be #8220;released#8221; (that is, if they#8217;re not going to keep you on the further-consideration list; see this post for an explanation). Of Life? Round 2: Wed., January 3, 2018 ; interview invites will likely be issued in of metathesis 2 two waves (last year it was on Jan. 25 and Feb. 1); if you aren#8217;t going to get invited, then you#8217;ll be hearing that on ap biology origin the second batch release day. Rules Of Argumentative Essays? Yes, we do recommend a Round 1 application to Harvard. Definitely. It#8217;s still possible to make it in during Round 2 but you have a LOT more competition against you then. Ap Biology Essay? Two recommendations Two questions for volume them to answer.
We explain the ap biology origin, concept of #8220;standardized#8221; recommender questions and offer an important resource for plan you to give to your recommenders, to make their job easier. In 2016, there was a small group including Harvard that used one version of essay, #8220;standardized#8221; questions, and there was a larger group of schools using a different set of NEWLY standardized questions. (are you confused yet? yeah). No idea how things will evolve for 2017 in terms of short essays by kids, what those other schools will do. We can say that Harvard is sticking to what it#8217;s done for the last several years, so there#8217;s consistency on origin their side. The first issue of course is, who do you choose to write for you? We have a number of posts about recommenders here on the blahg (on the business plan, first page of the site, use the ap biology origin of life, dropdown menu in the righthand panel to choose Recommendations to get a list of all of them).
If you want more help, our Letters of Recommendation App Accelerator walks through the the life of a street, specifics and lets you submit your recommenders#8217; strategy for feedback from EssaySnark. A summary of the 2015 HBS invite process was posted on 9/22/15 and we expect it to be directionally accurate this year, too. HBS works like this: You submit your app, the origin essay, Admissions Board reads all of them (in no particular order it doesn#8217;t matter what time you submitted or if it went in earlier or later than someone else#8217;s, or what geography or career you#8217;re in), then about a month-ish later, they will issue interview invites. When they implemented this process originally, those invites came out in three waves over the course of thesis positions in germany, two weeks (three Wednesdays in a row), then it went down to two; for Rd 1 2015 it was three waves of invitations scattered over only about a week. Round 2 in origin January 2017 is now confirmed as two Wednesdays in the life of a a row, so just one week total. The first wave has tended to be significantly bigger than the second one (the bulk of the invites will go out on ap biology of life essay that first day).
The day of the last wave of invites is when everyone not being invited to interview is told that they didn#8217;t make it; they call that the #8220;release.#8221; Instead of getting an invite or release on essays that final day, it#8217;s also possible to origin essay, be put in by kids the #8220;further consideration#8221; bucket, which is sort of like a waitlist but you#8217;re not accepted, you#8217;re just someone they#8217;re hanging onto ap biology, because they#8217;re still interested in you. Flower? The invitations are issued in origin of life batch mode, all at once, at noon Eastern time on the scheduled day. If they want to meet you, you#8217;ll get an email which says to positions in germany, check your app for status. If you don#8217;t get an ap biology of life essay, email on either of the first two days, you didn#8217;t get an interview (yet but it could still come on the last day). Everyone who wasn#8217;t already invited to interview gets an the life child, email on the last day of the origin, sequence. If you haven#8217;t received any email by, say, 12:05pm Eastern time then it#8217;s not gonna come that day. In 2013, HBS invited 1,887 people to interview across the whole season. Essays? That#8217;s 20% of the 9,543 applications they received. (We don#8217;t recall seeing this data from HBS for 2014 but it#8217;s comparable, they tend to invite similar numbers every year regardless of app volumes.) Generally speaking they invite more of their applicants in Round 1 something like 1,000 yet most schools including Harvard tend to ap biology essay, get more applications submitted in Round 2 so right there tells you that Round 1 is an advantage.
It appears that in Round 1 2015 HBS got enough apps that they decided to issue interviews to. Of Metathesis 2? 50 more candidates. Here#8217;s more details on the data as of the 2012-#8217;13 season if you want to see how it broke down in past years. Remember that getting invited to interview in one wave versus another within the invite-day sequence means nothing in terms of the strength of your candidacy. Dee Leopold says this every year. We did a post on origin essay the blahg about it on 10/9/13 (but nobody seems to believe us#8230; so we wrote another post on 10/11/13 to essays, explain it all again). HOWEVER: There are greater chances that you#8217;ll be invited in the first wave, if you#8217;re going to be invited at all, simply because in origin essay past years, they have invited the rules of argumentative essays, bulk of applicants in ap biology origin of life the first chunk. If you#8217;re placed on the pre-interview waitlist in Round 1 what they call #8220;Further Consideration#8221; (other schools just call it a #8220;waitlist#8221;) then you#8217;ll either get invited to interview, or released, on the Round 2 interview dates, usually in of argumentative essays the first wave. If you#8217;re on the post-interview Round 1 waitlist, you#8217;ll probably get the final answer (admit or deny) on the Round 2 decision date. If you get an invite, you need to be prepared to travel, since these are adcom-interviews conducted in hub cities around the world. They won#8217;t be flying to ap biology origin essay, your doorstep to meet you.
You#8217;ll need to business plan, make some arrangements, and yeah it#8217;ll likely require taking some time off of work. But don#8217;t freak out about that part; if you end up getting the invite, you will make it happen, we#8217;re confident (and Harvard is flexible with extreme situations like deployed military). Harvard#8217;s Post-Interview Reflection. The gist of it is, within 24 hours after your interview, you#8217;ll need to submit something (an essay that#8217;s not an essay but it#8217;s basically an essay even if the admissions people claim it#8217;s not an essay) that is, again, totally open-ended. Ap Biology? Can you see how much Harvard wants to flower plan, see how you deal with ambiguity? That#8217;s kind of origin, what leaders have to of metathesis volume, do all the time, right? The Post Interview Reflection is a chance for you to tell the origin of life, Harvard Admissions Board that thing that occurred to you, that you realized you should#8217;ve said the moment you walked out of the interview room.
Or it#8217;s an opportunity or try to rules essays, fix your answer to that one question you completely flubbed. Or if you can#8217;t think of anything else, maybe reiterate your application #8220;theme#8221; (though honestly we don#8217;t think that#8217;s such a great idea, that#8217;s just our personal Snark opinion). If you#8217;ve been invited to ap biology essay, interview at Harvard GREAT! CONGRATULATIONS!! Now you really should pick up our HBS Application Guide if you don#8217;t already have it. We also have some important advice specific to Harvard in our MBA Interviewing Guide. Yes we#8217;re telling you to buy two guides. (In fact you#8217;d also benefit greatly from our Custom Interview Questions service.) Do you want to make the most of this opportunity or not? Harvard posted a preliminary Class of 2017 profile on 6-8-15 but then later we saw the full profile including GMAT scores and rules, we blinked. An 80% range of scores of 700 to 760. Really?? OUCH!
It#8217;s still possible to get in with a score outside that range but boy is it going to be tough. For reference, here#8217;s the essay, Class of rules of argumentative essays, 2016 profile posted at the same point in time the prior year (6-3-14) #8212; which looked very similar to the Class of 2015. So, same GMAT (median 730, full range 510 790 but you know there#8217;s only one or two in the 510 range); same GPA (3.67 ouch!) and same age (27 years old). The only difference is of life, there#8217;s more apps than ever a 1.5% increase and they marginally bumped up the thesis positions, class size, to 948. Takeaways? That it#8217;s just as hard as ever to get into origin of life essay, Harvard Business School.
Direct from Harvard. Rules Of Argumentative Essays? Snarkety snark snark. Ap Biology Of Life Essay? In September 2013, The New York Times ran a pretty important feature on Harvard about gender dynamics. Volume 2? A few days later, a follow-up article was published on class at HBS (not the kind of essay, #8220;class#8221; with teachers). This resulted in short essays by kids lots of media coverage and big conversations across all the business schools. EssaySnark#8217;s reaction is here.
For Reference: Harvard#8217;s Past-Season Questions. Provided for posterity. And because it helps you to ap biology origin, understand this school. One essay, unlimited length: “As we review your application, what more would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy for volume the Harvard Business School MBA Program?” They first asked a version of this question in 2013, for the Class of 2016. Origin? This year#8217;s incarnation is really the epitome of a perfect essay question. They#8217;re basically saying, #8220;Tell us what you think is important.#8221; Here#8217;s advice from the #8216;Snarchives which offers a very good place to start thinking about that: The most important thing to remember with your Harvard essay. Every year, EssaySnark provides insights and recommendations for how to handle the HBS application and we have now done that for all you Class of 2019 prospects! Expanded and revised to 2, give you the greatest advantage in setting your strategy. [end discussion of 2016 HBS app] Click to view the origin of life, 2015 question. Here#8217;s the question: It#8217;s the first day of class at of a child essay HBS. You are in Aldrich Hall meeting your #8220;section.#8221; This is the group of origin of life, 90 classmates who will become your close companions in the first-year MBA classroom. Our signature case method participant-based learning model ensures that you will get to know each other very well.
The bonds you collectively create throughout this shared experience will be lasting. Note: Should you enroll at HBS, there will be an opportunity for essays comparing you to share this with them. We suggest you view this video before beginning to write. First step: Review that video and review it again! You should also check out their HBS MBA Voices student-focused blog , which should serve as a real goldmine of essay, insights about the school (though PLEASE do not simply parrot the information you view/read/hear from any of these sources into your essays. that#8217;s like such a rookie mistake and yeah, we see it all the time).
As a reminder, this is handbook of metathesis, what they asked for the two years previous: #8220;You#8217;re applying to origin, Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, academic transcripts, extracurricular activities, awards, post-MBA career intentions, test scores, and what your recommenders have to say about the life of a street child essay you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy?” Advice from Harvard: Be sure to read their Direct from the Director post dated 15 May 2015 (you may have to scroll down on that page to find it) Admissions Director Dee Leopold gives some useful guidelines to ap biology origin, use as an important starting point. [end discussion of last year#8217;s HBS app] Yes, we do recommend a Round 1 application to Harvard. Definitely. It#8217;s still possible to make it in short by kids during Round 2 but you have a LOT more competition against you then (and it sounds like this year#8217;s Round 1 was as full as ever).
Regardless, a great app is needed in any round for Harvard Business School. [end discussion of 2015 HBS app] Click to view the 2014 question. You’re applying to ap biology origin essay, Harvard Business School. Thesis Positions In Germany? We can see your resume, school transcripts, extra-curricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores and origin of life essay, what your recommenders have to say about you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy? We#8217;ll say it again: Our HBS MBA application guide is very detailed, and of metathesis, it gives you important insights into how the HBS Admissions Board thinks about stuff. It#8217;s been revised to origin essay, reflect the new #8220;Introduce yourself#8221; question, with additional checklists and tests you can perform on handbook of metathesis volume your essay to make sure it#8217;s presenting you as it should. Don#8217;t apply to Harvard just because it#8217;s Harvard; you#8217;re likely to end up heartbroken.
Read that guide, and study this blahg, and then make an informed decision and create an infinitely stronger strategy with your approach. How interviews worked in 2014#8217;s Round 1 deadline was 9/9/14. First wave interview invites: October 8 an estimated 800 candidates received one (for 2015 Dee Leopold said they#8217;d issue 900 invites that first day) Second wave invites (another 150 candidates got one), #8220;further consideration#8221; invitations (a variation on the waitlist but essentially the of life essay, same; about positions in germany 200 of these went out), and release of all others: October 15 (for 2015 there were two more waves, with. 350 total invites between them, and another. 100 FC invites) Interviews held from October 20 to origin, November 21. The adcom travels to multiple cities around the world or you can go to HBS. How it worked in 2014#8217;s Round 2 deadline was 1/6/15 sorry that we don#8217;t have data, only dates. Flower Business Plan? First wave interview invites: January 28 Second wave invites, waitlist invitations, and of life, release of all others: February 4. [end discussion of 2014 HBS app] You’re applying to Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, school transcripts, extra-curricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores and what your recommenders have to of argumentative essays, say about you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy? They#8217;ve also reduced the number of recommendations to just two, from three. [end discussion of 2013 HBS app] In case you#8217;re curious about ap biology origin of life essay what they#8217;ve asked before: Tell us about something you did well.
Tell us about something you wish you#8217;d done better. [end discussion of short, 2012 HBS app] Highlights from origin of life HBS Admissions Webinar July 2, 2014. In 2013, HBS invited 1,887 people to interview. [That#8217;s almost 20% of the 9,543 applications they received. The Class of handbook volume, 2016 is 940 936 students. -ES] A new section of the app this year asks about non-degree coursework; you can include MOOCs and other online (non-credit) work you#8217;ve done. Of Life Essay? [This is to help you demonstrate analytical abilities. Thesis In Germany? -ES] Everybody needs to take the origin of life, GMAT or GRE (they are agnostic as to positions, which one); no exceptions. The resume you upload can be more than one page, but you should ask yourself, #8220;Does it need to be?#8221; [No. -ES] In the app, they ask about your intended post-MBA industry and function. HBS does not want a #8220;laminated life plan#8221; but they do want to know your general direction. Origin Of Life Essay? There#8217;s a separate app question to cover additional information; this is of metathesis, not an essay. [You can use this to explain gaps in employment or circumstances surrounding a low GPA, as you would with other schools#8217; #8220;optional essays#8221; but again, with HBS, this is not an essay and also, you should be able to cover that in origin essay your actual Harvard essay, probably. -ES] All financial aid awards are need-based; they don#8217;t do merit-based fellowships. Handbook Volume? This means you don#8217;t get news of scholarship money at the time of admission, like other schools do. [Basically you should be happy with the admit itself!
They don#8217;t feel the need to bribe you to origin of life, attend. -ES] Of course, Dee talked about the of metathesis, #8220;optional#8221; essay and what they saw in successful applicants last year. EssaySnark covered many of ap biology origin, these points in essays detail in the 2016 Harvard Guide. Something else you should know: Dee is typically the first person who reads the incoming emails sent to the general HBS inquiry account (!). The most common question they get is, #8220;Do I have to take the TOEFL?#8221; The next most common: #8220;Do I need to ap biology of life, take the GMAT?#8221; (Hint: Their requirements are pretty darned clear on their website .) Takeaway message: Don#8217;t write a stupid email to Harvard admissions. Child? Do your research first, and then and essay, only then ask the handbook volume 2, question if you cannot find the answer elsewhere. EssaySnark reviews of origin, Harvard#8217;s 2014 essays. EssaySnark reviews of Harvard#8217;s 2013 essays. We did a bunch of reviews of Harvard essays on GMAT Club in child September 2013; the ap biology origin essay, question hasn#8217;t really changed even with the #8220;Introduce yourself#8221; thing, so you may want to check those out. Alas, our contract with GMATClub was not extended so we#8217;re not doing reviews over there any more.
EssaySnark reviews of Harvard#8217;s 2012 essays. And even older than that (2011 and later) these are still relevant because Harvard is still Harvard they#8217;ve been looking for the same qualities in a Brave Supplicant year after year: Our Essay Ideas App Accelerator includes a free BONUS: a sample essay that won! Review the original draft and EssaySnark#8217;s complete Essay Decimator critique for the 2011 HBS Essay 1, on rules essays #8220;three accomplishments#8221; study it for free and make your Harvard essay that much stronger. And we#8217;ll say it again: Our HBS MBA application guide is very detailed, and it gives you important insights into how the origin of life essay, HBS Admissions Board thinks about stuff. Don#8217;t apply to Harvard just because it#8217;s Harvard; you#8217;re likely to end up heartbroken.
Read that guide, and study this blahg, and then make an informed decision and create an infinitely stronger strategy (with a professional#8217;s opinion on essays by kids your HBS essay, even). 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. Of Life Essay? The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from short by kids scratch to help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and ap biology origin essay, your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video.
The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the business, 25 Random Things essay and all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on ap biology origin of life essay The 'Snark. I think that the essays by kids, reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to ap biology origin of life, maximize my . What were we snarking about at this time in rules of argumentative past years? 2016 : Being prepared for your MBA interview 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom? 2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2014 : Did you just discover EssaySnark? 2013 : Success Story! A Journey to the Center of America: A Saga (Part 2: The First Year) 2013 : More on visiting schools 2012 : ($) What about a lower-ranked program? (No, lower than that) 2012 : ($) Duke's main essay: What do you tell your family, friends, and colleagues? 2011 : essay critique: Columbia essay 2 life experience 2011 : Battle of the origin of life essay, Blogs!
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conflict essay holes A Case Study of Medieval Japan through Art: Samurai Life in Medieval Japan. Medieval Japan: An Introductory Essay. by Ethan Segal, Michigan State University. Medieval Japan may call to mind honorable sword-wielding samurai and stealthy ninja assassins. Ap Biology Origin Essay! These figures, often seen in popular movies and games about pre-modern Japan, are only loosely based on reality. Essays Two People! In fact, many different types of people helped shape the medieval period. Over 400 years, from the late twelfth to the late sixteenth centuries, emperors and origin of life essay, priests, women and merchants, poets and playwrights, and, of course, samurai created a complex yet fascinating society. Samurai governments administered the country in tandem with the older imperial administration.
Warriors’ rise to power led to an increase in violence, and by the mid-fifteenth century, warfare was constant. Essays! But other aspects of society flourished in spite of the ap biology, breakdown in handbook of metathesis 2, civil order. Buddhism enjoyed the strong support of both samurai and commoners. Ap Biology! Such new cultural traditions as the handbook of metathesis, tea ceremony became popular. The arrival of Europeans in the sixteenth century forced the Japanese to ap biology origin change their view of the world. The term medieval may seem curious, since it was originally applied to European history.
It described a “middle” period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the life of a child essay, the start of the Renaissance. During this period, central government was weak and society was divided among feudal rulers. Sixteenth-century Japan was divided among warlords known as daimy#333; , and Europeans who visited Japan at ap biology essay, that time felt it resembled medieval Europe. Early twentieth-century Japanese scholars also saw these similarities. They adopted the term medieval to describe the flower business, period when Japanese imperial authority was weak and warriors played an ap biology origin essay, important role in governing society. These were the years of Japan’s first two warrior governments: the Kamakura (1185-1333) and the Muromachi (1336-1573) shogunates.
What were those warriors like? What roles did they play in Japanese history? To answer these questions, we must turn to the creation of Japan’s first warrior government in the 1180s. As late as the 1170s, no one could have guessed that warriors led by the Minamoto clan were about to establish an independent government. Most warriors served as middle-level officials in the provinces, working as managers on the life government-owned public lands or on private estates ( sh#333;en ). They owed their positions to central government aristocrats and powerful temples. If a warrior disobeyed his superiors, he would be labeled a rebel and his lands given to rivals. Thus, for most of the of life, twelfth century, imperial officials controlled the warriors. By 1179, Kiyomori had made himself a virtual dictator. In 1180 he forced the imperial court to child essay make his grandson (the child of his daughter who had married an emperor) the next emperor. That same year, a disgruntled imperial prince, upset that he had been passed over for the throne, issued a call-to-arms.
Yoritomo, exiled head of the Minamoto clan (and now an adult), mobilized warriors to join him in ap biology, attacking the Taira. The Minamoto and Taira fought the length of the country for five years in a conflict known as the Genpei War. When the Taira were finally defeated, Yoritomo went on to found Japan’s first warrior government. The real significance of the war, however, was the warriors’ first steps toward independence from the imperial government. Yoritomo convinced many eastern warriors to follow him by promising to guarantee their lands and jobs. As a result, warriors who felt insecure under the old system chose to join the Minamoto, even if they were not actually part of the Minamoto clan. Positions In Germany! In many cases, their local rivals joined the Taira side (even though they weren’t members of the Taira family) just to oppose them. So the ap biology of life essay, Genpei War was, more than anything, about warriors asserting themselves against neighbors and the central government. The imperial court, at handbook of metathesis volume 2, a loss to stop such violence, turned to the only warrior capable of restoring peace: Yoritomo.
In exchange for helping to bring order to the countryside, Yoritomo secured authorization for his own warrior government in the eastern city of Kamakura. Ap Biology Of Life Essay! His government is known as the Kamakura bakufu or shogunate. Flower Business Plan! Its primary duties included supervising warriors and deciding lawsuits. Yoritomo rewarded loyal warriors by appointing them as jit#333; (military land stewards) on private estates. Ap Biology! These jit#333; served as police and tax collectors. While jit#333; worked on individual estates, Yoritomo later began appointing other warriors as shugo (military governors) over entire provinces. Shugo investigated major crimes (such as murder or treason), summoned warriors for guard duty, and collected information for Kamakura. Yoritomo himself held several titles, including shogun.
Later that title would be passed on to the head of the warrior government. When Yoritomo died in 1199, his sons succeeded him, but they proved to be weak leaders. Handbook 2! Real power was maintained by the family of Yoritomo’s wife, H#333;j#333; Masako. Ap Biology Origin! Together with her father and brother, Masako created the position of regent for the shogun. Male members of the H#333;j#333; family served as regents from 1203 until 1333. Masako herself was never regent, but she was a very influential person wielded much authority in Kamakura. For much of the thirteenth century, the comparing, Kamakura government kept the peace. It never eliminated the imperial government in Kyoto, but instead shared power. Kamakura managed warrior affairs while Kyoto supervised the aristocracy, temples, and civilians. The bakufu also created an advanced legal system. Trials relied on testimony, cross-examination, written documents, and precedent.
Outcomes could be appealed. Origin Essay! Although it was a warrior government, great energy went into by kids, keeping warriors off the battlefield. In 1221, however, a retired emperor tried to muster an army to ap biology origin essay destroy Kamakura. His forces were defeated and he was exiled, leaving the warrior government even stronger. Of Metathesis 2! Another threat came in the late 1260s, when the Mongol leader Kubilai Khan tried to intimidate the origin essay, Japanese into submitting to his empire. Japan’s warriors rejected Kubilai’s diplomatic efforts, so Mongol-led armies attempted to invade Japan in short essays, 1274 and 1281. In each case, samurai defenders fought off the invaders with some help from typhoons. Because the Japanese believed the bad weather was sent by origin of life, the gods to essays comparing two people defend Japan, they called those storms kamikaze (divine winds). Samurai of the Kamakura Period.
Medieval war tales and other accounts tell us a lot about the early samurai. Leading warriors were usually mounted archers. Although they carried swords, they valued the bow and origin of life essay, arrow over other weapons. These samurai were quite independent. They supplied their own weapons, armor, provisions, and volume, attendants. There was no “samurai code” at this time, and essay, you can find tales of bravery as well as treachery among Kamakura warriors. Many fought in order to earn fame and rewards. For that reason, they often wore distinctiveeven colorfularmor and clothing to enable others to easily recognize them. Handbook Of Metathesis! Warriors were witnesses for each other so that reports of battlefield valor could be confirmed and brave warriors rewarded. Of Life Essay! Consider, for essays comparing two people example, the origin, personal account of Takezaki Suenaga, a samurai who fought against the Mongols. In his version of events, he makes no mention of fighting to defend Japan.
Instead, he fought to make a name for himself, be witnessed, and earn rewards. Since most battles were fought between Japanese, it was relatively easy to reward the winnersthey would receive the positions, property or positions of the losers. But the Mongol invasions proved much more challenging. Kamakura’s samurai fought off the invaders, but they did not capture any Mongol lands they could claim as rewards. Meanwhile, the economy started to expand, and many warriors found themselves in financial difficulties. Some had to use their lands as collateral to borrow money. If they failed to repay loans, they had to forfeit their property. At the same time, the H#333;j#333; family took advantage of the invasion crisis to further solidify its own hold on origin essay government, excluding members of other warrior families from top positions. These problems led many samurai to comparing two people become increasingly frustrated with Kamakura by the early fourteenth century.
New Directions in Buddhism. Religion underwent significant growth and change during Japan’s medieval period. The major Buddhist temples and Shint#333; shrines controlled estates in the provinces. In earlier times, they relied on the taxes from those estates for much of their income. Ap Biology Of Life! Samurai, however, started interfering with temples’ ability to collect tax income. As estate taxes became increasingly unreliable, religious houses needed to find additional sources of income. Some sects, such as Pure Land Buddhism, found new ways to appeal to the common people. Others, such as Zen, gained popularity among the rules essays, warriors. Of course, religious thought also played an important role in the evolution of Japanese Buddhism.
Many people believed in the cycle of rebirth (reincarnation) as a form of cosmic justice. Depending on how you had lived your previous life, your soul might be reborn into better or worse circumstances. The goal was for each person to attain enlightenment ( nirvana ) and be freed from the cycle of ap biology origin of life rebirth. However, another influential idea was that Japan had entered mapp#333; , the final days of the law. Mapp#333; was a degenerate age in which the teachings of the historical Buddha were so distant that people were no longer able to fully comprehend them. Therefore, it was almost impossible for individuals to achieve enlightenment on their own. For many Japanese, medieval warfare and the breakdown of civil order were proof that they were living in degenerate times. One response was Pure Land Buddhism. Pure Land came from the teachings of a religious reformer named H#333;nen.
Unlike the thesis in germany, Buddhist establishment, H#333;nen saw little value to study in the age of mapp#333; . He taught his followers to place complete faith in the Buddha Amida. Amida had vowed to save others before achieving enlightenment. Thus, Pure Land practitioners believed that by repeatedly expressing their faith in him, they would be reborn into Amida’s western paradise. Anyone could say the phrase (known as the nembutsu ) that professed beliefyears of training were not requiredso Pure Land became quite popular among common people. Origin Of Life Essay! Shinran, one of H#333;nen’s students, took this logic a step further. He claimed that repeating the nembutsu was unnecessary, since that still meant that salvation depended on individual effort. True faith in Amida’s mercy was the the life of a street, only hope for mankind. Therefore, according to ap biology origin Shinran, one absolutely sincere expression of belief was all that was necessary. His teachings became True Pure Land Buddhism and gained widespread acceptance, especially among the peasantry. Nichiren was another important Buddhist who taught that salvation came through faith.
A nationalist, he taught that, although Buddhism had originated in India, it would achieve its highest form in handbook of metathesis volume, Japan. He valued the Lotus Sutra above all other Buddhist scriptures. Nichiren openly criticized other Buddhist schools and was very dogmatic; this led to his eventual exile. But his conviction won him followers, and his sect remains popular in Japan even today. Zen Buddhism also won acceptance in Japan during the medieval period. It was based on Chinese Ch’an Buddhism, and the great Japanese Zen priests Eisai and D#333;gen both trained in China. The faith they brought back to Japan promoted meditation ( zazen ) and the contemplation of of life questions with no logical answers ( k#333;an ) as paths to enlightenment. The emphasis on self-reliance and comparing two people, discipline appealed to of life essay many warriors, and thesis, the samurai became some of Zen’s most loyal patrons. The warrior capital of Kamakura contained many Buddhist temples, some of which still stand today. Ap Biology Origin Of Life Essay! A major shrine, dedicated to the Shint#333; war deity, was built at the heart of the city.
Numerous Zen temples were constructed during the thirteenth century. The Life Of A Street Child! Women were just as involved as men, and one famous temple, T#333;keiji, became a site of refuge for women seeking divorces. The proliferation of essay temples reflected sincere religious devotion, but the dedication in 1252 of a bronze Buddha figure over volume 2 40 feet high was surely also intended to rival the great Buddha at T#333;daiji Temple in Nara. The building that housed the essay, Kamakura Buddha was swept away by a tidal wave in the late fifteenth century, but the bronze figure remains, sitting outside ever since. Poetry remained the most important literary form. Members of the imperial court were the best educated and most skilled, but samurai also began to take an interest. The third shogun, Sanetomo, was considered a very skillful poet. Essays! His teacher, the courtier Fujiwara Teika, compiled one of Japan’s greatest imperial poetry collections, the Shinkokinsh#363; . Prose literary works reflected the ap biology essay, Buddhist influence of the medieval age.
The Tale of the Heike was the most popular. It described the Genpei War and the Taira clan’s downfall. Its stories are quite exciting and seem to offer an intriguing view of twelfth-century warfare. But the tale cannot be read as an accurate account of the war. Buddhist chanters composed the tale many decades after the war had ended. They sang it as they played biwa (stringed instruments similar to thesis positions lutes) to illustrate Buddhist themes of ap biology origin of life impermanence and show how the by kids, mighty will fall. Origin Essay! Similar themes can be found in Kamo no Ch#333;mei’s philosophical essay, “An Account of My Hut.” Few works by women have survived. A notable exception is the memoir of Lady Nij#333;, a court attendant. Her work is lively, frank, colorful, and offers a valuable view of life in Kyoto and the provinces. Painting and two people, sculpture reflected the influential roles of Buddhism and the samurai in ap biology origin, society. Comparing! Illustrated scrolls ( emaki ) used pictures to show how temples were founded and of life essay, how violent conflicts destroyed parts of Kyoto.
Takezaki Suenaga, the samurai mentioned above who fought against essays the Mongols, even commissioned an illustrated scroll to tell his tale. Another important art form was raig#333; , paintings that showed Amida welcoming people who had just died to his western paradise. The influential Kei school of sculptors used graphic realism in their work. Their famous guardians at T#333;daiji look quite intimidating, even hyper-masculine, with detailed bulging muscles, fierce expressions, and crystals set in the eyes to origin make them look real. Kamakura’s Demise and the Muromachi Bakufu. The Muromachi bakufu was never as stable as Kamakura had been. The shogun was not powerful enough to of argumentative essays rule the country by his own force of arms.
Eastern Japan and ap biology origin, the island of by kids Ky#363;sh#363 were both semi-autonomous. The shogun’s authority was contingent on his maintaining the support of a strong coalition of shugo . Ap Biology Essay! These shugo were much more powerful than their Kamakura period predecessors. 2! Their posts were now hereditary, and one individual could rule more than one province at a time. They also had the right to levy special taxes on estates to cover their military expenditures. Three of the most powerful shugo familiesthe Hosokawa, Hatakeyama, and Shibaalternated in serving as deputy shogun ( kanrei ), a position designed to help mediate between the shogun and origin, his shugo . Yet the shugo needed the essays by kids, legitimacy that they gained from the shogun’s support to help them fend off local warriors in the provinces under their control. Yoshimitsu is widely recognized as the strongest and most successful Ashikaga shogun. He ended the of life essay, warfare of the divided imperial court and crushed those shugo who opposed him.
He reopened diplomatic relations and official trade with China. Yoshimitsu was an accomplished poet and a great sponsor of the arts. His patronage of a particular performing troupe helped give birth to Noh theatre. He also is short by kids credited with constructing the Golden Pavilion, one of Japan’s most famous medieval buildings. Yoshimitsu took it over as a retirement villa in the 1390s, covering it with real gold leaf (it is ap biology origin of life part of a Zen temple today). His other great construction project, the Palace of comparing two people Flowers, reflected Yoshimitsu’s ambitions to outdo, and perhaps replace, the emperor. Ap Biology Origin Of Life Essay! The shogun’s palace was built across the street from the imperial palace but was twice as large and handbook volume, far more sumptuous.
Perhaps Yoshimitsu’s most controversial decision was to accept the title “king of Japan” from the Chinese emperor. In the ap biology, Chinese view of foreign relations, only one ruler could have the volume, title “emperor,” and that was the emperor of China. Other rulers had lesser titles, such as king. When Yoshimitsu attempted to re-establish formal relations and trade with China, he agreed to take the title king of Japan. Many Japanese of the time objected since it implied that Japan was subordinate to ap biology of life essay China. Short Essays By Kids! Yoshimitsu’s motives are not entirely clear. Some suggest that he did this in order to bolster his legitimacy at of life essay, home. Others think that he was so eager to trade with the Chinese that he ignored the political implications of the title. Another theory is that he hoped to monopolize foreign relations as part of his plan to of metathesis volume replace the origin, Japanese imperial family with his own line. Yoshimitsu died before he could realize any plans to replace the imperial family, and his son backed away from his father’s bold policies.
But shogunal authority remained strong until 1441, when the sixth shogun, Yoshinori, was assassinated. After Yoshinori, only the eighth shogun, Yoshimasa, stands out as a memorable figure. He ruled for over 20 years and rules of argumentative, was a great sponsor of the ap biology of life, arts, including Noh theatre and short by kids, the tea ceremony. Ap Biology Essay! He built the Silver Pavilion, another important cultural property in Kyoto, but plans to cover the villa with silver leaf were never carried out. Yoshimasa may have matched his grandfather Yoshimitsu’s flair for architecture and the arts, but he lacked Yoshimitsu’s skill at short essays by kids, politics. It was during Yoshimasa’s tenure as shogun that an 11-year civil war broke out, heralding the end of essay strong central government in Japan for over a century. Muromachi Arts and Culture. In earlier times, the arts were dominated by the emperor and his courtiers. This changed in the Muromachi period, however, as other groups brought new ideas to the cultural landscape. Many samurai, now living in Kyoto, developed a taste for the arts.
Elite warriors joined aristocrats in sponsoring painters, playwrights, poets, and other men of talent. The growth of trade and essays two people, the economy enabled merchants to participate in the world of culture too. Ap Biology Origin Essay! As the unstable political situation brought men of different classes together, aristocrats, warriors, and merchants interacted to create new cultural traditions. Previously unthinkable mixingsuch as a nobleman renowned for his calligraphy collaborating with a painter of humble originsled to some of the great art of the Muromachi period. Warriors, including the Ashikaga shoguns, became important patrons of the arts. They hosted lavish parties at which the attendees participated in linked verse poetry competitions or contests to distinguish among similar things ( monoawase ). Tea was also quite popular. Eisai, who founded an important Zen sect, is credited with having made tea popular in Japan. By the fourteenth century, warriors were hosting tea parties in large banquet halls in order to display their prized Chinese tea implements. Merchants responded by favoring native Japanese wares. The grass-hut style of serving tea, which we associate with the business, tea ceremony, emerged in the fifteenth century.
It is attributed to Murata Shuk#333;, who may have served tea for Ashikaga Yoshimasa. Ap Biology Origin Of Life! He and other late medieval tea masters emphasized simplicity, humility, and self-awareness. Essays Comparing Two People! Properly serving tea demanded discipline and offered spiritual fulfillment, resembling Zen practices. People began to speak of a Way of Tea. The most famous master, Sen no Riky#363;, came from origin of life a merchant family but taught tea to the great warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Riky#363; served tea in a small, rustic hut. The entranceway was purposefully tiny so that everyone, regardless of status, had to crawl inside. Flower Business Plan! All participants were required to ap biology origin of life prepare and serve the tea. Riky#363;’s student, however, saw things differently. Eager to display his wealth and power, Hideyoshi had his own tea hut gilded in gold. Noh theater was another new cultural tradition that benefited from of metathesis 2 samurai patronage. Ap Biology Of Life Essay! It drew upon many performing traditions, including court comics and peasant farm songs.
In the late fourteenth century, Kan’ami’s troupe attracted the notice of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. Kan’ami and his son, Ze’ami, became two of of argumentative essays Noh’s most important playwrights. Noh performances incorporate spoken dialogue, dancing, and music. Few props are used. An actor might simply state that he is leaving for a long journey and, with a few stamps of his feet, quickly announce that he has arrived. The plays generally illustrate such Buddhist themes as the dangers of ap biology origin of life pride or lingering attachment. The main character might be a once-beautiful old woman who cannot forget her youth, or the ghost of a warrior who cannot let go of his military glory. Other plays centered on rules of argumentative essays Buddhist priests overcoming demons. Often several plays were performed over the course of a full day, with short comic pieces called ky#333;gen staged between the major Noh plays. The Medieval Japanese Economy.
The Japanese enjoyed a growing economy during the medieval period. Markets began to of life essay develop around the country. These were often at of a street child, crossroads or near rivers so that sellers could easily bring their goods to origin of life essay the markets. They also were often located near temples in hopes of avoiding interference from political or military figures. In the Kamakura period, markets met infrequently.
For example, they might be opened only on thesis positions days ending in fours (i.e., the 4th, 14th, and ap biology of life essay, 24th of the month) or another number. But over time, markets became increasingly common and two people, were open on origin more days of the month. Improvements in agriculture also contributed to the expanding economy. New strains of rice better resisted drought and disease. Improved fertilizers allowed double cropping of fields, and better irrigation techniques helped farmers produce more. In addition, the spread of metallic money made it easier for estates to sell extra produce in the marketplaces. Starting in the twelfth century, Japanese began importing copper-alloy coins from China.
The round coins had square holes in the middle so they could be strung together in units of 1,000 for large purchases. Metallic money had several advantages over rice, silk, or other goods the positions in germany, Japanese used as money in Heian times. Coins were easier to transport, more durable, and rarely led to disputes over quality. Ap Biology Origin Of Life! By the Muromachi period, most urban residents used coins. Even many rural estates paid their taxes in rules of argumentative, cash. The Ashikaga shoguns’ desire for more coins played an important role in the re-opening of formal relations with China in ap biology of life essay, the fifteenth century. Of Metathesis 2! The Muromachi bakufu , and later several major temples and daimy#333; , sent merchant ships to China in hopes of obtaining copper coins. In exchange, the ap biology origin of life essay, Japanese sold raw materials including lumber and sulfur, some finished art objects such as lacquerware, and flower business plan, swords and armor. Chinese officials regulated the trade by ap biology origin of life, requiring Japanese boats to carry government-issued tallies; merchant vessels without the tallies were turned away from essays Chinese ports.
On the origin of life, whole, merchants did well during the medieval period. The breakdown in central authority may have reduced the power of political authorities to tax and regulate them. In some cases, such as the city of Sakai, merchants were able to form their own communities and of argumentative, even enjoy a limited form of self-government. Women’s Status in Medieval Japan. Over the course of the medieval period, women seem to have lost many rights.
In ancient times, women served as rulers. By the Heian period, women had few official roles in government, but aristocratic women were educated, could own and ap biology origin of life essay, manage property, and could choose their own heirs. Married couples often lived at the home of the wife’s family or maintained two residences; the wife’s family usually helped raise the children. Handbook Of Metathesis! Female writers of the Heian period created some of essay pre-modern Japan’s greatest works of prose and thesis, poetry. But conditions gradually began to change. In the origin, early Kamakura period, women of samurai families held jit#333; posts.
As violence became more common, however, women were no longer allowed to hold warrior posts or manage their own property. And as land became increasingly difficult to comparing two people acquire, families began bequeathing property to only one heir, usually the eldest son. Married women were expected to join the family of their husbands. Lady Nij#333;’s memoir from the early fourteenth century is one of the last important literary works by a woman of the origin, medieval period. Not even Buddhism offered much hope, since most Buddhist sects taught that women faced more obstacles to enlightenment than men. By the end of the medieval period, women retained almost none of the rights they had enjoyed earlier. The #332;nin War and the Age of Warring States.
From 1467 to 1477, rival coalitions of powerful samurai fought in a protracted conflict known as the handbook volume 2, #332;nin War. The violence began when leading shugo families supported different candidates to succeed Yoshimasa as shogun (as well as for origin of life essay some other important posts). The violence centered on Kyoto, and much of the city was destroyed during the war. After some time, the issues became irrelevant, as seen by short essays by kids, leading warrior families on each side switching to ap biology essay support other candidates. Yoshimasa felt that the shugo were beyond his control and, rather than make serious efforts to thesis stop the conflict, he retired to his villa to enjoy the ap biology of life, arts. The war solved nothing and left all central government institutions extremely weak.
By the late fifteenth century, the shogun had little real power outside of the central Japanese provinces that he directly controlled. The last century of the Muromachi period, from the street essay, #332;nin War to 1573, is known as the Age of Warring States. Ap Biology Essay! During this time, provincial and regional warlords known as daimy#333; dominated Japan. Some daimy#333; families had formerly been shugo , others had been lieutenants or deputies, and some were truly self-made men who had risen through the of metathesis volume, ranks. These new warlords differed from shugo in that they did not owe anything to the shogun or emperor.
During the Warring States period, warlords could only claim authority over lands they could actually defend. They had to be continually vigilant against their neighbors as well as their subordinates. The age is sometimes characterized by the term gekokuj#333; , which means the lower replacing the higher (or those of humble origins replacing their superiors). This period, perhaps more than any other, seemed to origin resemble the feudalism of volume medieval Europe. Central authority was weak and divided, men survived by strength of arms, and warlords rewarded loyal samurai with appointments and lands. Portuguese sailors blown off course in ap biology of life essay, the mid-sixteenth century were the first Europeans to set foot in Japan. The Spanish soon followed, and eventually the Dutch and the British found their way to rules of argumentative Japan too. European merchants established a flourishing trade by buying and ap biology origin essay, selling goods amongst the thesis, various Asian nations. Missionaries also came to Japan, hoping to convert the Japanese to Christianity.
They enjoyed some success in the southwestern island of Ky#363;sh#363;, where a few daimy#333; became Catholic and ordered those living in their domains to ap biology convert as well. The Europeans were strange curiosities to the Japanese, and folding-screens of themknown as namban by#333;bu show them as Japanese artists saw them, with balloon pants, high frill collars, long noses, and people of color attending them as slaves. Christianity did not last in Japan. Opposition by Hideyoshi and Ieyasu (see below) led to the persecution and elimination of most Christians by the early seventeenth century. But the Europeans did affect Japanese society. First, they introduced new shipbuilding techniques, firearms, eyeglasses, mechanical clocks, and other devices. Second, Europe’s existence forced the Japanese to change their view of the world. Maps from the time reflect the shift from short seeing a world including only Japan, China, and India to seeing one extending far beyond Asia. Third, interest in ap biology origin of life, that world led Japanese merchants to begin trading in Southeast Asia. Some Japanese even emigrated, establishing communities in the Philippines, Cambodia, Siam (Thailand), and Annam (Vietnam).
From Medieval to Early Modern Japan. Three warlords succeeded in unifying the essays two people, country and bringing an end to the violence of the Warring States period. They are often referred to ap biology of life essay as the “three unifiers”Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and flower business plan, Tokugawa Ieyasu. Nobunaga ruled a small domain in central Japan, but his brilliance as a strategist enabled him to defeat much larger armies. Ap Biology Origin! He was the essays, first warlord to successfully use firearms to win a battle. Of Life! His innovations in by kids, castle development also led to the emergence of grand Japanese castles, with stone ramparts, donjons (central structures), and more. In 1573 he took Kyoto but kicked out the last Ashikaga shogun, bringing the ap biology origin, Muromachi bakufu to an inglorious end. Many believe that only Nobunaga’s assassination at the hands of a vassal in 1582 kept him from bringing the whole country under his rule. Hideyoshi came from a peasant family, but rose through the ranks to become one of Nobunaga’s top generals.
He avenged his lord’s death and thesis positions, finished the job of unifying the country. However, Hideyoshi did not succeed through force alone. He used marriage alliances, political treaties, and other means to secure his position and bring peace to ap biology of life the country. Many of his policies paved the volume, way for early modern growth and stability. Ap Biology Origin Of Life! For example, he carried out new land surveys so that proper rates of taxation could be determined.
He also ordered all peasants to turn over two people their weapons, creating for the first time a sharp distinction between warriors and farmers. In his later years, Hideyoshi set out to conquer China. When the King of ap biology origin Korea refused to help him, Hideyoshi sent armies of handbook of metathesis 2 samurai to invade Korea. Of Life Essay! The result was the devastation of the Korean peninsula. The Japanese invasion was only called off upon Hideyoshi’s death in 1598. Ieyasu had been allied with each of the two previous unifiers, but his patience (and long life!) clearly proved a great asset. In 1600 he maneuvered warlords loyal to thesis positions in germany Hideyoshi’s young son into a major battle at Sekigahara. Ieyasu’s forces won that battle, making him the most powerful daimy#333; in Japan. In 1603 he was proclaimed shogun and established the last of Japan’s major warrior governments, the ap biology origin, Tokugawa (or Edo) bakufu . The unifiers’ policies, and by kids, the peace that followed in the seventeenth century, led to ap biology of life profound changes in Japanese society and the start of of metathesis 2 what most scholars refer to as the early modern period. Copyright 2008 Program for Teaching East Asia, University of origin of life essay Colorado. Permission is the life street child essay given to reproduce this essay for classroom use only.
Other reproduction is prohibited without written permission from the Program for Teaching East Asia.