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Masters in creative writing boston

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Baltimore County won't give grades for homework. Linda Hurka, a mother of masters in creative five, always has taken an interest in her children's school work, but she was never one of those mothers that had time to lead the write essay PTA or advocate for an educational cause. Baltimore County's new grading policy changed everything. Furious that homework, effort, attendance and behavior will no longer be factored into students' grades, Hurka was stirred to action. She spoke passionately at the school board meeting last week and passed out 75 leaflets to parents at boston, Dulaney High School on back-to-school night. Good Essay Tips? She has contacted the County Council. She wants the in creative policy revised. This grading system actually discourages effort since it basically has no value reflected in the grade, Hurka told the a theme essay school board. In Creative Writing? Many parents and teachers are perplexed by the new grading policy, which took effect at the beginning of this school year on a trial basis.

It reflects a philosophic shift to focus on what a student knows as the basis for the grade. Gov. Larry Hogan signed an executive order Wednesday requiring that every public school system in Maryland begin school after Labor Day and wrap up by June 15. Hogan and Comptroller Peter Franchot say the decision will extend summer vacation for families and benefit businesses in resort areas such. Gov. Give Essay 750 Words? Larry Hogan signed an in creative writing executive order Wednesday requiring that every public school system in Maryland begin school after Labor Day and bibliography paper, wrap up by June 15. Masters In Creative Writing? Hogan and give love get love 750 words, Comptroller Peter Franchot say the decision will extend summer vacation for families and benefit businesses in resort areas such. Writing? (Baltimore Sun staff) Under the write essay policy, explained in a 60-page document available on the county schools' website, homework is not graded, teachers cannot give a student a failing grade lower than 50, and students who don't perform well on a test or assignment can redo it to get a higher grade. Baltimore County's chief academic officer, Verletta White, said the masters new policy is supported by research. We will have high standards for give love our students, White said, including grades that aren't muddied by other factors than achievement.

The new approach is called standards-based grading and is becoming more common across the country. Other large school districts, including Prince George's County, have adopted versions of it. Baltimore City established 50 as the floor for number grades several years ago. Some Patterson High classrooms topped 100 degrees Monday. Some Patterson High classrooms topped 100 degrees Monday. Sources have told The Sun that state prosecutors are investigating former Baltimore County school superintendent Dallas Dance and his relationship with a company that did business with the school system. Masters? (Baltimore Sun video) Sources have told The Sun that state prosecutors are investigating former Baltimore County school superintendent Dallas Dance and his relationship with a company that did business with the school system. (Baltimore Sun video) Teachers will report behavior, effort, class participation and whether the student has done homework on the report card, but it will not be counted as part of the grade. Homework will be assigned but not graded. There are exceptions for longer assignments such as an English essay or a biology lab report, which will continue to be graded, White said.

What irks some teachers, said Abby Beyton, president of the Teachers Association of berger of seeing Baltimore County, is that behavior isn't part of the writing grade. My folks are concerned that the behavior and john ways essay, attendance is going to get lost in the shuffle, Beyton said. Teachers want students held accountable for their behavior and masters in creative, attendance in some way, and john berger essay, she is looking for tweaks that can be made to the policy that will accomplish that. Beyton acknowledged teachers in the county are split on the new policy. In Creative? There are lots that are upset and lots that aren't, she said. Martin Stranathan, a biology and john berger of seeing essay, chemistry teacher at Dulaney High School, doesn't find the policy troubling. He has been using a version of it on his own for years to boston, focus students on the excitement of learning rather than the grade.

Honestly, I stopped grading homework 15 years ago, he said. That hasn't stopped him from giving students feedback on essay their work. Boston? He said most of his students do the homework he assigns, particularly because he points out burning problems essay, that they will be quizzed on the material. Boston? Rick Wormeli, an education consultant who lectures on grading and homework, said Baltimore County's new policy is a model for burning of india others. I was thrilled that Baltimore County is becoming a flagship for wisdom on this, he said.

Wormeli said the no-grading policy reflects a major cultural shift that is usually controversial when first introduced. He argues that putting homework and behavior in a separate category on report cards actually elevates the attention students will pay to it. Another aspect of the policy being criticized is the letter grades. The county is changing the masters in creative boston grading scale so that a failing grade goes from 50 to 59 rather than from 0 to 59. The rest of the scale remains the same, with 60 equivalent to a D, 70 is a C, 80 is a B, and 90 is an A. White explained that students who get a zero on an assignment or test will have a difficult time improving their grades even if they begin to do better as the year goes on. We want to make sure students can recover from a low grade, she said. When struggling students feel they can never catch up because of a zero grade, they are demoralized, Wormeli said. It forces the kids to give up, he said. Along with the no zero policy, teachers will be able to write, offer students multiple chances to prove they have learned a lesson.

So if a child fails a test or turns in an essay and gets a low grade, the in creative writing boston student may retake the bibliography + research paper test or rewrite the masters in creative boston essay. White said teachers can put a cap on john essay the number of do-overs they allow. Nicole Yoder, a former teacher and a parent of an elementary school student, finds that aspect of the masters boston policy ludicrous because students will feel they can do the work whenever they feel like it. It kind of burning problems essay takes away the purpose of doing the assignment, she said. It takes complete student accountability and student responsibility out of the equation. Yoder worries that students who work very hard and do all their work will be getting the same grades as those who don't do the work but can pass the tests.

The grading policy was developed after two years of review by a large group that included teachers, principals and masters in creative writing boston, administrators in the school system. The new policy is being tested this year across the school system. Ways Essay? White said it can be revised next summer after feedback. Yoder has discussed the policy with teachers and believes many are confused by how to carry it out. In Creative Writing Boston? Yoder believes successful people usually put in a great deal of effort to essay, master their work but that is not the message children in county schools will get from the new policy. Her daughter, a sophomore, recently completed a 25-page packet of writing boston homework for good essay tips an Advanced Placement class in psychology.

She did very well on the assignments but told her mother, It doesn't matter because it is not a test and in creative, doesn't count.

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Masters in Creative Writing | MFA …

labware lims resume The Analysis table is masters writing, used to define analyses and their components. Write A Theme Essay? Each Analysis record consists of basically two definitions: the masters in creative writing boston Analysis definition and the Component definition. The Analysis definition contains the general fields for the analysis that apply to all components in the analysis. The Component definition contains the information that is specific to the configuration of the component. Once an analysis is added to a sample it is called a test and information from the com Analysis definition is copied to the Test table. Writing? Similarly, the component is referred to as a result and when added to good essay tips a sample information from the Component definition is copied to the Result table.

NOTE: Since information is copied to the Test and Result tables, if the Analysis record is changed, any information already copied to samples will not be changed. It is for in creative writing boston, this reason that it is a good idea to version an Analysis when changes are made. If the revised test is wanted on Samples then the original test must be removed and john, the analysis added back to the sample. When adding an analysis, the newest version is masters in creative, always added. This is important to know when using the Resample function because the test version on the original sample may not match the version on the Resample. Often the same Analysis may require slight differences in the configuration. For example, depending on the type of love get love sample being tested, one component may be optional or not. Rather than having two separate analysis, there can be one analysis definition but the Analysis can have different variations: one that has the boston component as optional and another variation where it is not optional. Refer to the following section on Analysis Variations for more on this feature.

Sometimes there are specification limits that apply to a sample that do not relate to a product specification. Burning Of India? Instead they may depend on sample attributes such as animal breed, gender , and so on. The Analysis Limits feature allows the Result Min_Limit and Max_Limit fields to be populated based on a field or fields from the SAMPLE table. Refer to the following section on Analysis Limits for more on this feature. CAUTION: Whenever an in creative writing, analysis is first created or when the version is increased, the Active flag is automatically set to False.

To activate an analysis version, you must set the Active flag to True and save without increasing the version. When adding tests to samples, the highest Active version of the analysis is used, not the good essay tips highest version. However, only the highest version record can be modified in Table Manager. The Analysis table consists of the following fields: The Version field is masters, used to a theme track analysis versions. The analysis version provides a means of keeping an masters in creative writing boston, old analysis with a previously logged sample. It also provides the paper user with a way to keep track of writing boston changes to the analysis. Up to 2000 versions may be stored per analysis. The Reported Name field is good essay tips, used to boston define a name for the analysis to be used on reports. The analysis name is often not appropriate for reporting purposes since it must be all uppercase and is typically only 10 characters. The Reported Name is 20 characters, mixed case, and is more appropriate for reports.

The reported name is typically unique for each analysis. The Common Name field is the give love essay common name by which the analysis is masters in creative, known. This field is a required field. Give Get Love? It is used by the Test Editor Wizard and should therefore be a meaningful name for in creative writing, the analysis. More than one analysis can have the same common name, and good essay tips, it is actually recommended that the common name be the same for different analyses that are different methods for achieving the same result. The Common Name is masters writing, also useful for summary reporting. The Analysis Type field is used to group similar types of analyses together. The Analysis Type field will display a browser of a theme essay valid Analysis Types. This field is a required field.

It is used in the Test Editor to narrow the search for an analysis during test assignment. It is also used by the Test Editor Wizard and in creative boston, should therefore be a meaningful grouping of burning of india analyses. The Alias Name field is the name of the same analysis in an external system. This is used to create a link between the LabWare LIMS and an external system, such as LabStation. The Lab field is used to provide additional security for Receiving, Preparing and masters in creative writing boston, Reviewing Tests. If an Analysis is assigned to a Lab, and the logged-on User prepares a sample, then only those tests in the same Lab as the User are prepared. The same is true for berger, Receiving and in creative boston, Reviewing of Tests. If a sample is Received, then only those tests in the same Lab as the problems User are received. If a sample is masters in creative, Reviewed, then only those tests in the same Lab as the User are reviewed. Typically, if this extra security is not desired, the User is essay 750 words, not assigned to a Lab. The Lab field can also be used for reporting purposes.

The Inst Group (Instrument Group) field is used to narrow the list of instruments which may be assigned to a test. Only instruments which belong to the Instrument Group are allowed as valid values during result entry or in the test editor. The Inst Group field will display a browser of valid Instrument Groups. The Instrument field is used to in creative writing boston specify an instrument for the analysis. This instrument will be the default instrument in the Test Properties and essay, can be modified by the user in the Test Editor when the in creative analysis is assigned to a sample. It can also be later modified via the Test Properties dialog. The Instrument field will display a list of valid instruments. The Test Location field is used to specify a testing location for the analysis. This Test Location will be the default location in the Test Properties and can be modified by the user in the Test Editor.

It can also be later modified via the Test Properties dialog. The Test Location field will display a list of valid locations. The Expected Date field is used to specify the expected time interval for writing essays com, results from this analysis. The specified interval is boston, used to default the of seeing essay Expected Date field in the Test Properties. This defaulted date is the date of test assignment + the interval specified in the Expected Date field in the Analysis Table. If the Expected Date interval is set to 0, then the Expected Date Test Property is not defaulted.

In order to default the Expected Date Test Property to the date of test assignment, set the Expected Date interval to 1 minute. The Group Name field is used to define which security group the analysis record belongs to. The Group Name field will display a list of valid group names. The Cost Units field is used to store the cost in normalized dollars of doing the test. This number combined with the cost factor stored in the Customer record may be used in reports to determine costs. The Reqd Volume field is used to store the sample volume required to run the analysis. This field is used when creating aliquots of masters writing a sample. The Destructive field is also used when creating aliquots. True indicates that the sample material is writing, destroyed when running the analysis, False indicates that the sample material may be used again. The Parameter Name field is used in conjunction with the Parameter Tag field to prompt the user for additional information regarding this analysis at test assignment. Since different information is required for in creative writing boston, different analyses, the of india essay Parameter Name and Tag provide an efficient technique to record this information.

For example, for density testing, the temperature of testing may need to be specified, but for chromatography sample preparation, an estimate of the sample composition may be helpful. The Parameter Name field is simply the name of the parameter, i.e. Temperature. The Parameter Tag field is the query tag which is masters boston, used to prompt for the additional information. The Display Message field is used to display a message to the user when the test is assigned to the sample. The Display Message field can be used to provide additional information about the test. The Key Contact field is a theme essay, used to define a user to be contacted for information regarding the masters writing boston analysis.

The Key Contact field will display a list of valid users. The Ext Link field is used to link the analysis to an external file. Typically, a help file for the analysis is linked. The Ext Link field will display a file browser. The Active field is love essay, used to define whether the analysis is masters writing boston, currently active or not. The analysis is active if the Active radio button is True. The analysis is inactive if the Active radio button is False.

The Active flag is used in place of removing the analysis in cases where the analysis is temporarily inactive. Burning Problems Essay? Inactive analyses cannot be assigned to a sample. If the current version of the analysis has the in creative writing boston Active field = False then the writing next highest version with the Active flag = True will be used when adding tests to a sample. CAUTION: Whenever an analysis is writing boston, first created or when the version is problems of india essay, increased, the Active flag is automatically set to writing False. To activate an analysis version, you must set the Active flag to True and save without increasing the write a theme essay version. The Test Template field is used to associate a Test Template with an Analysis. When an analysis is masters boston, assigned to a sample, the Test Template controls the test properties for ways, the test. This includes what fields are included in in creative writing boston the test properties, the field default values, mandatory entries, etc.

If a Test Template is not associated with an Analysis, the LIMS default test properties are used. Refer to the section on the Test Template Table for further detail in defining test templates. Refer to the Test Editor section for further detail on Test Properties. The Batch Link field is an optional field that can be associated with an analysis in write a theme essay order to group analyses together for batching. Depending on the configuration of the Batch Header Template, all analyses with the same Batch Link may belong to in creative writing boston the same Batch.

Refer to a theme the section on the Batch Tests Templates Table for further detail. The Batch Link field will browse on the Batch Link table. The fields AUTO_AUTHORIZE and AUTO_REJECT can be added or unhidden in the Analysis table to provide additional functionality. This will control the automatic authorization and rejection of tests based on their in-spec status. Masters? These fields will only be functional if the Business Rules of + research paper automatically authorizing and rejecting samples is enabled. The Calc on Save field is used to define whether calculated components are forced to recalculate when Data is saved. Calculated components are forced to recalculate if the Calc on Save radio button is True. Much of the analysis definition affects the formatting of result values at result entry. For each result value entered at masters in creative boston, result entry, multiple values are stored in essay the LIMS database. In Creative Writing? One of the values stored is the ENTRY.

This is the value exactly as entered by the user. Another of the values stored is the FORMATTED ENTRY. A Theme Essay? This is the entry after it has been modified according to the formatting rules in the analysis/component definition. Following is the order that this formatting is applied: Check Test Limits Translate Component Codes Apply Format Calculation Apply Factor Value/Operator Apply Rounding Rule Apply Clamping Check Test Limits Check Product Specification Limits Set In Spec Flag. In addition to the FORMATTED ENTRY, a field named REPORTED_VALUE can be added to the result table by the system administrator.

This field will store the value of the formatted entry after it has its units converted to in creative boston the units of the specification and the rounding rule of the specification has been applied. Essay? The units and rounding will be applied from the specification primary grade/sampling point as specified in the sample record. In addition, if a field called REPORTED_UNITS is added then units from the specifications will be used for the Reported Value. Masters? Refer to the section on the Product Specifications Table for further detail. The Store Incmp Opts flag controls whether optional result records are stored in the database. If the flag is paper, set to true then the optional results will be added to the RESULT table even if a result value has not been entered. However, once the test status goes to in creative writing boston Complete, any incomplete optional result records are deleted. NOTE: If you add a new field to the Analysis table and a field with the same name to the Test table, the a theme contents of the new field will be copied from the ANALYSIS table to masters boston the TEST table when a Test is assigned. For example, you might want to indicate that a Test is write a theme essay, hazardous by adding a field called HAZARD to both the Analysis and Test tables and linking these fields to the HAZARD table. When you assign a Test where the Analysis has a hazard, the hazard information will be propagated to the Test record.

Similarly if you add a new field to the Component table and a field with the same name to the Result table. When the user presses the Configure button in masters boston the Analysis record, a Select Dialog will appear, prompting the + research users to select a table. Configuration of the components for the analysis is required first. Select Component then click OK to view the Components Dialog. The Components Dialog allows the user to configure, add, remove, rename, or change the order of components. The properties of a component may be defined or modified. NOTE: When adding tests via a test list, the test list components definition will take precedence over the analysis definition. To change the masters in creative writing boston component order, select a Component.

The Move Up and Move Down buttons will move the selected component up or down in the component list. To remove a component, select the component, and click on the Remove button. The component will be removed from the list. To add a new component to the list, click on the Add button. The Configure section of the give love Components Dialog is writing boston, used to configure the component. Select a component by clicking on it.

The data type of the component is defined in the field under Configure. Click on the down arrow to see the list of valid data types. The default number of replicates is defined in bibliography the Reps field. Masters Writing? Click on the arrow keys or type in the desired number of replicates. If replicate testing is not used, enter zero for the number of replicates. To define the component properties, click on the Properties button. The Other Fields button is used to access fields added to the Component table by the System Administrator. To rename the component, click on good essay tips the Rename button. Attributes are additional fields that are properties of in creative a result.

The Has Attributes field specifies whether a particular component has result attributes. Good Essay Tips? If the result attributes feature of writing LIMS is to a theme be used, attribute fields must be added to masters in creative writing boston both the analysis table and the result table. The field ATTRIBUTE_1 is added to the analysis table. This field contains the college essays com name of the result attribute associated with the particular analysis. It is therefore a text field, typically of fairly short length. The field ATTRIBUTE_1 is also added to the result table, also as text.

In the result table, this field contains the value of the attribute. Boston? For example, for burning problems, a chromatographic analysis where the result is measured in PPM, there might be an attribute for peak area. In Creative Boston? ATTRIBUTE_1 in the analysis table would be “Peak Area” where this attribute would be set at result entry to, say, 24. The field ATTRIBUTE_1 in the result table would contain “24”. Multiple attributes can be defined. For each additional attribute, the field ATTRIBUTE_n needs to be added to both the analysis table and the result table (e.g. ATTRIBUTE_2, ATTRIBUTE_3). If no values are defined for Attribute fields in the analysis then this box is disabled.

The default value for the Has Attributes field is False. The Uses Instr field is used at result entry. This field controls whether the instrument field is active at result entry. Write A Theme? If Uses Instr is not enabled, an masters in creative writing, instrument cannot be entered for this component at result entry. Furthermore, if the business rule Instrument required during Result Entry is set, and the Uses Instr field is enabled, the user will be required to enter an instrument during result entry. The Uses Instr box is disabled for a theme, Calculated components. The default value for the Uses Instr field is masters boston, False unless an Instrument group has been specified for the Analysis. The Allow Cancel field specifies whether a result may be canceled during result entry. If the Allow Cancel field is enabled, the user is allowed to cancel a result. If the Allow Cancel field is good essay tips, not enabled, the user does not have the ability to masters cancel a result. The default value for the Allow Cancel field is False.

The Optional field is used to specify whether a component is required or optional at result entry time. John? If the masters writing boston Optional field is enabled, the component is optional and does not require a value to be entered at result entry time for the test to become complete. It the Optional field is not enabled, the component is required and a value must be entered at good essay tips, result entry time for the test to become complete. The default value for the Optional field is masters, False. The Reportable field specifies whether the component value should be included in user written reports. If the Reportable field is enabled, the value will be included in the report. If the Reportable field is not enabled, the value will not be included in the report. Write A Theme Essay? The default value for the Reported field is True. The Displayed field specifies whether the component will appear at in creative writing, result entry. If the Displayed field is good essay tips, enabled, the component will be seen in the result entry screens. Masters Writing Boston? If the Displayed field is not enabled, the component will not be seen in good essay tips the result entry screens.

A calculated component set to be not displayed will still calculate as long as the Optional field is not set to True. The default value for the Displayed field is True. The component name can be any alpha-numeric value up to 40 characters in length. The field is mixed case, with spaces permitted. The new component will be added to the end of the component list. The component name can be any alpha-numeric value up to 40 characters in length. The new component will replace the component being renamed. CAUTION: If a component is masters writing boston, renamed then the test version should be increased because all previous tests assigned will have the old name and john berger of seeing essay, will not understand references to masters in creative boston the new name. If the System Administrator has added fields to the component table, these fields will be accessible via the Other Fields button. For example, the System Administrator may add a second reportable flag to each component for further control of component reporting.

The Component Properties Dialog depends on the data type of the burning problems component. Each data type is discussed below. Component Codes and Component Factors apply to several component types. Component codes are used to masters in creative define an alpha-numeric value which translates into berger of seeing essay, a numeric value. For example, a code of TNTC, may be defined to have a value of 250.

When the value TNTC is entered for a result, it immediately translates to the value of 250. The code value is stored in the database. Codes provide the in creative writing user with an easy way to remember a value. To add a code, click on the Add button. To remove a code, select the desired code and click on the Remove button. To set a code, select the desired code and click on the Set button. The Code name can be any alpha-numeric character up to 10 characters in length. The component code value must be a numeric value or an open ended number, such as 250. Component factors are used to define a factor value and a factor operator with a component replicate.

The component factor and operator are applied as part of the formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. One common use for component factors is dilution factors. Good Essay Tips? A different component factor can be associated with each replicate of a component. When the result is displayed at result entry, the in creative writing associated component factor will also be displayed. The Component Factors dialog will display each component replicate separately. Click on write a theme essay the Set button to complete the definition of the component factor. The component factor value must be numeric. The operator can be blank or one of the arithmetic operators (*, /, //, +, -). If the in creative writing boston operator is problems of india, blank, the component factor is associated with the result replicate but there is no further processing of the masters boston result entry. If the operator is not blank, the factor value is love essay, applied to the entry using the defined arithmetic operation. For example, if the entry is masters writing boston, 23, the factor value is 10, and the operator is multiplication, then the result of the component factors would be 230 (23*10).

The File Component Properties Dialog is used to good essay tips describe the File Name data type. Configuration of the properties is optional. The Alias Name is the name of the same component in an external system. Masters In Creative Writing? This is used to create a link between the LabWare LIMS and write a theme, an external system, such as LabStation. The CAS # is the chemical abstract number for the method. The Format Calculation defines a LIMS Basic routine that is executed when a result is entered for this component at result entry. The format calculation is part of the formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. Refer to the section on the Format Calculation Table for further detail on masters in creative writing defining format calculations. The Version Files flag controls if file type results are copied to the dynamic server. If the flag is set to true then the result will be copied to the dynamic data directory location and the result will store the path and file name to the file copy in the dynamic data directory.

If the flag is set to false then the john berger ways of seeing result will not be copied to masters writing boston the dynamic data directory location and the result will store the path and file name to the original file. Ways Essay? The following figure shows two file name components. The Download File component has the Version Files field set to False and the Value field shows the path and file name of the original file. The Ext Link File component has the Version Files field set to True and the Value field shows the in creative path to the Dynamic directory and file name of the file copied to the Dynamic directory. To define the essays Component Factors, click on the Factors button. Writing Boston? Refer to the previous section on Component Factors for further detail. The Component Properties Dialog is used to describe the john berger essay Date and Interval data types. Configuration of the in creative boston properties is optional. The Alias Name is the name of the same component in an external system. This is used to create a link between the LabWare LIMS and an external system, such as LabStation.

The CAS # is the chemical abstract number for the method. The Format Calculation defines a LIMS Basic routine that is executed when a result is entered for this component at result entry. The format calculation is part of the formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. Refer to the section on the Format Calculation Table for further detail on defining format calculations. To define the Component Factors, click on the Factors button. Refer to the previous section on Component Factors for further detail. The Text Component Properties Dialog is used to describe the Text data type. Configuration of the properties is optional. The Alias Name is the write a theme essay name of the same component in an external system.

This is used to create a link between the LabWare LIMS and an external system, such as LabStation. The CAS # is the chemical abstract number for masters writing, the method. The Format Calculation defines a LIMS Basic routine that is executed when a result is entered for writing com, this component at result entry. The format calculation is applied as part of the formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. Refer to the section on the Format Calculation Table for further detail on defining format calculations.

To define the Component Factors, click on masters in creative writing boston the Factors button. Refer to the previous section on Component Factors for further detail. To define the Component Codes, click on the Codes button. Refer to the previous section on Component Codes for further detail. The List Properties Dialog is used to describe the List data type. The Alias Name is the name of the same component in write a theme an external system. This is used to boston create a link between the ways essay LabWare LIMS and writing, an external system, such as LabStation. The CAS # is the paper chemical abstract number for the method. The List field is used to specify the list which contains valid values for masters in creative writing, the property. The List field will display a browser of valid list values.

The Format Calculation defines a LIMS Basic routine that is executed when a result is entered for this component at result entry. The format calculation is applied as part of the formatting on com a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. Refer to the section on the Format Calculation Table for further detail on defining format calculations. To define the Component Factors, click on the Factors button. Refer to the previous section on Component Factors for in creative boston, further detail. The Numeric Properties Dialog is used to describe the Numeric data type. The Alias Name is the name of the same component in an external system. This is used to create a link between the give LabWare LIMS and an external system, such as LabStation. The CAS # is the chemical abstract number for the method.

The Units field defines the value of the units associated with this component. This field is masters boston, displayed during result entry. The Units field will display a browser of valid Unit values. The Round Result Value and burning problems essay, Decimal Places fields define the rounding rules to be applied to a result. Rounding is applied as part of the masters in creative boston formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. There are four standard rounding rules in LIMS.

Other rounding rules may be applied via the Format Calculation field. The Decimal Places field defines the final number of decimal places for the result. Entries are rounded up if the digit following the last kept decimal place is 5 or more. Entries are rounded down if the essay digit following the last kept decimal place is 4 or less. The Decimal Places field defines the final number of decimal places for the result. Entries are rounded up if the last kept decimal place is odd. Boston? Entries are rounded down if the last kept decimal place is even. The Decimal Places field defines the number of significant figures for the result. Entries are rounded up if the digit following the last kept significant figure is 5 or more.

Entries are rounded down if the digit following the last kept significant figure is bibliography paper, 4 or less. The Decimal Places field defines the final number of significant figures for the result. Entries are rounded up if the masters in creative writing last kept significant figure is of india, odd. Entries are rounded down if the last kept significant figure is even. Following are examples for each of the rules: The Minimum Value field defines the lower limit for the result. If a result is entered below this limit, it is displayed in red.

Valid entries for the Minimum Value field include numbers (e.g. 12.6) and in creative, open-ended numbers (e.g. 10). The Maximum Value field defines the upper limit for the result. If a result is entered above this limit, it is give, displayed in masters in creative writing boston red. Valid entries for the Maximum Value field include numbers (e.g. Good Essay Tips? 100.4) and open-ended numbers (e.g.

105). The Allow out of Limit field determines whether a result outside of the minimum or maximum values may be entered during result entry. If Allow out of Limit is False, a result out of the test limits is denied entry. If Allow out of Limit is True, a result out writing boston, of the test limits may be entered. Give Love 750 Words? The result will be displayed in red to signify that it is out of limit. The Clamp Low field is used to clamp an entered result. This field may be either numeric or an open ended number. If a result entry is masters boston, less than the college writing essays Clamp Low value, the entry will be converted to the Clamp Low value.

This is masters in creative boston, often used for detection limits. For example, if the Clamp Low value is good essay tips, 10, and the user enters a value of 4, the in creative writing formatted entry will be 10. The Clamp High field is used to clamp an entered result. This field may be either numeric or an open ended number. If a result entry is more than the Clamp High value, the entry will be converted to the Clamp High value. This is often used for detection limits. For example, if the write a theme Clamp High value is masters, 250, and the user enters a value of 302, the formatted entry will be 250. The Format Calculation defines a LIMS Basic routine that is executed when a result is essays, entered for this component at result entry. The format calculation is applied as part of the in creative writing boston formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. Refer to the section on the Format Calculation Table for further detail on defining format calculations. To define the Component Factors, click on com the Factors button.

Refer to the previous section on Component Factors for masters writing boston, further detail. To define the Component Codes, click on the Codes button. Refer to the previous section on paper Component Codes for further detail. The Exponential Properties Dialog is used to describe the Exponential data type. The Alias Name is the name of the boston same component in an external system. This is of india, used to create a link between the writing boston LabWare LIMS and an external system, such as LabStation. The CAS # is the write chemical abstract number for the method.

The Units field defines the writing boston text value of the units. This field is love essay, displayed during result entry. The Minimum Value field defines the lower limit for the result. If a result is entered below this limit, it is displayed in red. The Minimum value may be entered in exponential (e.g. 1E3), numeric format (e.g. 12.6) or open-ended format (e.g. 10). The Maximum Value field defines the upper limit for in creative writing boston, the result.

If a result is entered above this limit, it is displayed in red. The Maximum value may be entered in exponential (i.e. 1E6), numeric format, or open-ended format (e.g. 100). The Allow out of Limit field determines whether a result outside of the minimum or maximum values may be entered during result entry. If the value is False, a result out of the test limits is denied entry. If the value is True, a result out berger ways of seeing, of the test limits may be entered.

The result will be displayed in red to signify that it is out of limit. The Format Calculation defines a LIMS Basic routine that is executed when a result is entered for this component at result entry. The format calculation is applied as part of the formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. Refer to the section on masters in creative writing the Format Calculation Table for further detail on defining format calculations. To define the berger ways essay Component Factors, click on the Factors button. Refer to the previous section on Component Factors for masters writing, further detail. To define the Component Codes, click on write a theme the Codes button. Refer to the previous section on Component Codes for further detail. For a component that references a laboratory standard or reagent, the only component property is the standard and reagent template. The Calculated Properties Dialog is used to writing boston describe the Calculated data type.

The Alias Name is the name of the same component in an external system. This is used to create a link between the LabWare LIMS and an external system, such as LabStation. The CAS # is the chemical abstract number for the method. The Units field defines the text value of the units. Bibliography + Research? This field is displayed during result entry. The Round Result Value and Decimal Places fields define the rounding rules to be applied to a result. Rounding is masters writing boston, applied as part of the john ways essay formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry.

There are four standard rounding rules in in creative writing LIMS. Other rounding rules may be applied via the Format Calculation field. The Decimal Places field defines the final number of decimal places for the result. Entries are rounded up if the of seeing essay last kept decimal place is masters writing, 5 or more. Entries are rounded down if the last kept decimal place is 4 or less. The Decimal Places field defines the final number of decimal places for the result. Entries are rounded up if the digit preceding the last kept decimal place is odd. Problems Essay? Entries are rounded down if the digit preceding the last kept decimal place is even. The Decimal Places field defines the number of in creative boston significant figures for the result.

Entries are rounded up if the digit following the last kept significant figure is give love essay, 5 or more. Entries are rounded down if the digit following the last kept significant figure is 4 or less. The Decimal Places field defines the final number of significant figures for the result. Entries are rounded up if the last kept significant figure is odd. In Creative Boston? Entries are rounded down if the last kept significant figure is even. Following are examples for each of the write a theme rules: The Minimum field defines the lower limit for the result.

If a result is below this limit, it is displayed in red. The Maximum field defines the upper limit for the result. Masters In Creative? If a result is a theme essay, above this limit, it is displayed in red. The Auto-Calculate field is defined as True if the calculation should be automatically executed when the masters in creative required calculation inputs are available. If the Auto-Calculate field is set to give love get love essay 750 words False, the user will be required to masters in creative click the Calculate button to run the calculation during result entry. The Clamp Low field is used to clamp an give essay 750 words, entered result. This field may be either numeric or an open ended number. If a calculation result is less than the Clamp Low value, the masters in creative writing boston result will be converted to the Clamp Low value.

This is often used for detection limits. For example, if the Clamp Low value is 10, and the calculation result is 4, the formatted entry will be 10. The Clamp High field is used to clamp an entered result. This field may be either numeric or an open ended number. If a calculation result is more than the Clamp High value, the entry will be converted to problems the Clamp High value. This is masters in creative writing boston, often used for detection limits. For example, if the Clamp High value is 250, and the calculation result is 302, the formatted entry will be 250. The Format Calculation defines a LIMS Basic routine that is executed when a result is + research paper, entered for this component at result entry. In Creative? The format calculation is applied as part of the ways formatting on a result entry before it becomes a formatted entry. Refer to the section on the Format Calculation Table for further detail on defining format calculations. To define the Component Factors, click on masters writing boston the Factors button.

Refer to the previous section on Component Factors for further detail. To define the Component Codes, click on give love get love essay 750 words the Codes button. Refer to the previous section on Component Codes for further detail. To define the component calculation, click on the Calculation button. The Component Calculations dialog is used to writing boston define the good essay tips equation used to calculate the writing component result. The Component Calculations display is split into two parts, the Inputs section, and the Equations section. Writing? Each section is discussed below. Inputs are the variables which are used in the calculation. Boston? To add an input to the calculation equation, click on the Add button.

There are seven types of input variables. The first input type is a component. A component input can either be specific to a particular analysis or specific to the component name only. In either case, an analysis name must be specified in order to write select the component from a list of boston valid components. To define a Component input type, enter a Variable Name and click on john berger of seeing the Component Variable Type button. Select the Analysis Name from the Select Dialog. Once you select an analysis, a list of the components for this analysis will be displayed. Select the Component Name from the Select Dialog.

Once you select a component, the masters writing boston properties must be configured. Essays? Select the component by in creative writing boston clicking on it, and then click on the Properties button. The Calculation Variable Dialog will be displayed. The Analysis section defines whether the component is limited to a specific analysis or if it is analysis independent. If the component is limited to a specific analysis, select True. Otherwise select False. The Trigger section controls when the calculation triggers for update based on this calculation variable input. If Always Calculate is selected, the calculation will trigger regardless of whether a result has been entered for this calculation variable. When all other calculation variable requirements have been met the calculation will trigger.

This is often used when the calculation variable is an optional component and it is desired for the calculation to execute even if there is no entry for the optional component. It is then imperative that the LIMS Basic code handle the case where this input variable does not exist. If Calculate when any rep entered is selected, the calculation will trigger when a single replicate of the calculation variable component is entered, regardless of college essays how many component replicates exist for this component. This is the default case and is most widely used. If Calculate when all reps entered is selected, the calculation will not trigger until all component replicates for the calculation variable have been entered. This case is used when there is a requirement for all replicate values. Writing Boston? This eliminates the calculation running each time an individual replicate value is entered and often results in performance improvement at result entry. The Scope section defines which test and component replicates are used in defining the calculation variable. The Result For Current Result Replicate choice is write essay, used to return the single value of the current result replicate.

It is useful when calculations are result replicate specific. The All Results for Current Test choice is used to limit the results to the current test only. This could include multiple result replicates for the specified component. The All Results for in creative, All Tests choice spans all results with the selected component name on the sample, regardless of paper test replicate. Therefore, this could include multiple test replicates and multiple result replicates for this component. The Value section defines which field from the result record is in creative writing, selected as the calculation variable input.

The two most commonly used fields are the ENTRY and the FORMATTED_ENTRY. The Entry field is the result value as it was entered by the user. It may contain open-ended numbers (i.e. 10) or component codes. Get Love Essay 750 Words? The Formatted Entry is the result after formatting has been applied, such as rounding. For the purpose of Calculation Variables, the Formatted Entry for open-ended numbers is the numeric portion of the result only, i.e. for in creative, 10, the formatted entry is 10. This permits all numeric result types to be used in problems of india calculations, even if they have been entered as open-ended numbers.

For List type results, the entry is the list code and the formatted entry is the writing list description. TIP : If you need to know the value of a result and burning of india essay, the result instrument, two variables can be added to the calculation dialog. One variable can have the Value section set to in creative writing ENTRY or the FORMATTED_ENTRY and essay 750 words, the other variable can be set to the INSTRUMENT field to return the instrument assigned to the result. The Output section defines how the results that have been selected are returned in the calculation variable. The Single Value option is only valid if Result For Current Result Replicate was selected for the scope. If All Results for Current Test or All Results for All Tests is selected for the scope, then more than one result may be returned, and either Array or Processed must be selected. In either case, only the results that are not nil and not canceled are passed to the array or processed. If Array is selected, then all the selected values are returned as an array. If Processed is selected, then all the selected values are processed according to the selected function. For example, in order to return the average of all the results on the current test, select All Results for Current Test for masters writing boston, the scope, Processed for bibliography + research paper, the output, and AVE for masters in creative writing boston, the function.

NOTE: If the Value is defined as Formatted Entry, then an Output of Processed is only valid for components that are defined as Calculated, Number, or Exponential. Paper? If the Value is masters in creative writing boston, defined as Entry, then an Output of Processed is + research paper, only valid for components that are defined as Number, or Exponential, with no component codes defined. The second input type is a factor. Factors are names for values which have been previously defined in the Calculation Factors table. For example, a PERCENT factor has been defined with a value of 100. If the PERCENT factor is used in the calculation equation, the value of 100 will be substituted in the equation for the factor PERCENT. Refer to the section on the Calculation Factors Table for in creative, more information. To define a Factor input type, enter the good essay tips Variable Name and click on the Factor Variable Type button. Select the Factor name from the Select Dialog. The third input type is in creative writing, a standard/reagent.

This input type provides access to standard/reagent data in a calculation. There must be a variable of type “standard” defined on the current analysis to be used for this input. To define a Standard/Reagent input type, enter the Variable Name and click on the Standard/Reagent Variable Type button. There will be three successive prompts displayed. First, you will be prompted for the analysis variable.

The list selection will consist of all variables on the current analysis of type “standard”. Next, you will be prompted for the analysis on this standard. Each standard may have several analyses associated with it. The list selection will consist of all analyses associated with the selected standard as defined by the test list on the standard/reagent template. (Refer to john berger ways of seeing the Standard and Reagents Template Table for more information) Finally, you will be prompted for the relevant component on the analysis. Masters In Creative Writing Boston? The result on this component will be stored in the input variable. Once the component has been selected for love essay 750 words, the standard/reagent, the properties can be configured by selecting the in creative variable and writing essays, then clicking on the Properties button. The Calculation Variable Dialog will be displayed. The Value section defines whether the result Formatted Entry or result Entry is used. The Entry field is the field as it was entered by the user. In Creative Boston? It may contain open-ended numbers (i.e.

10) or component codes. The Formatted Entry is the result after formatting has been applied, such as rounding. For the purpose of Calculation Variables, the Formatted Entry for open-ended numbers is the numeric portion of the result only, i.e. for 10, the formatted entry is 10. This permits all numeric result types to be used in calculations, even if they have been entered as open-ended numbers. The Output section defines how the results that have been selected are returned in the calculation variable. Multiple values may be returned if there are test replicates or result replicates on the standard and the calculation must take this into consideration. If Array is selected, then all the selected values are returned as an array. If Processed is selected, then all the selected values are processed according to the selected function.

Typically, the output is processed as an array with the AVE (average) function. This is the default action. With this selection, a typical single value would be returned as itself. The fourth calculation input variable type is dependent sample. This input type provides access to another sample that is either the college parent or the child of the in creative current sample. This dependency is created in Batch Manager and is used in situations such as sample duplicates and spikes. Good Essay Tips? Refer to the section Batch Manager for in creative boston, further detail. First you will be prompted for an analysis:

Once you select an analysis, a list of the components for this analysis will be displayed. Select the give essay 750 words Component Name from the Select Dialog. Once you select a component, the properties must be configured. Select the component by clicking on masters writing boston it, and then click on write the. button. The Calculation Variable Dialog will be displayed. The Value section defines which field from the result record is selected as the masters in creative calculation variable input.

The two most commonly used fields are the Entry and the Formatted Entry. The Entry field is the result value as it was entered by the user. It may contain open-ended numbers (i.e. 10) or component codes. The Formatted Entry is the result after formatting has been applied, such as rounding. For the purpose of Calculation Variables, the Formatted Entry for open-ended numbers is the numeric portion of the result only, i.e. for 10, the berger of seeing essay formatted entry is 10. This permits all numeric result types to be used in calculations, even if they have been entered as open-ended numbers.

For List type results, the entry is the list code and the formatted entry is the list description. The Output section defines how the masters in creative boston results that have been selected are returned in john of seeing essay the calculation variable. Multiple values may be returned if there are test replicates or result replicates on the standard and the calculation must take this into consideration. If Array is selected, then all the selected values are returned as an array. If Processed is selected, then all the selected values are processed according to the selected function. Typically, the output is processed as an in creative writing boston, array with the AVE (average) function. This is the default action.

With this selection, a typical single value would be returned as itself. NOTE: Calculations will not be automatically triggered if a dependent sample’s result changes. NOTE: Calculations will be automatically triggered if the instrument is burning of india essay, changed and the calculation depends on the instrument value. The fifth calculation input variable type is in creative writing, Batch Component. If a test belongs to a batch, this input type provides access to batch level components. This calculation input variable requires that the Assign to Objects field in the Batch Tests Template be defined as True. Therefore, if the john ways of seeing test belongs to more than one batch, the Batch Component will come from the batch that is referenced in the Test.Batch field. Refer to in creative writing the section on the Batch Tests Templates Table for further detail. First you will be prompted for a Batch Template:

Next you will be prompted for a Batch Component. The choices will be all the components defined for the selected Batch Template. Refer to love get love 750 words the Batch Tests Templates Table for further detail in defining batch components. Once you select a component, the masters properties must be configured. Select the component by clicking on it, and then click on the Properties button.

The Calculation Variable Dialog will be displayed. The Value section defines which field from the batch result record is selected as the calculation variable input. Paper? The two most commonly used fields are the Entry and the Formatted Entry. The Entry field is the masters in creative writing boston result value as it was entered by the user. It may contain open-ended numbers (i.e. 10) or component codes. The Formatted Entry is the result after formatting has been applied, such as rounding. For the purpose of Calculation Variables, the Formatted Entry for open-ended numbers is the numeric portion of the result only, i.e. for 10, the formatted entry is 10. This permits all numeric result types to be used in calculations, even if they have been entered as open-ended numbers. For List type results, the bibliography entry is the list code and the formatted entry is the list description.

The Output section defines how the results that have been selected are returned in the calculation variable. Multiple values may be returned if there are test replicates or result replicates on masters the Batch Component and the calculation must take this into consideration. If Array is selected, then all the selected values are returned as an array. If Processed is selected, then all the selected values are processed according to the selected function. Typically, the output is processed as an array with the AVE (average) function. This is the default action. With this selection, a typical single value would be returned as itself.

The sixth calculation input variable type is Batch Sample . The Batch Sample input variable provides information from samples in the same batch as the sample for problems of india, which this calculation is being executed. Blank subtractions, corrections for drift, and similar calculations involve accessing values from other samples in the batch. The samples from the batch that are accessed can be limited to certain QC Samples. The scope of samples can also be limited by their relative position to the sample that is calculating. The name of the analysis and component for the calculation variable input must be defined for the Batch Sample calculation variable. Select the analysis from the Select Dialog. Once you select the analysis, a list of components for this analysis will be displayed. Select the Component Name from the Select Dialog. Once you select the component, the masters writing boston properties must be configured.

Select the calculation variable by clicking on it, and love get love essay 750 words, then click on the Properties button. The Calculation Variable Dialog will be displayed. Refer to the previous Calculation Variable Dialog section for a Component calculation variable for a complete description of the Analysis , Value and in creative writing boston, Output sections. The Scope section is unique to Batch Samples. The QC/Sample Type controls which samples in the batch are included in the calculation variable. If “SAMPLE” is selected, then all samples in the batch that are not QC Samples are included in burning problems the calculation variable. The remaining options in the QC/Sample Type drop down list are the different names of QC Samples that may be added to a batch. QC Samples are defined in the QC Samples table. In Creative Writing? Refer to the sections on the QC Samples Table and Batch Manager for further detail. Essay? The Relative Position field controls which of the selected samples are included in writing boston the calculation variable.

Valid entries are: Include all QC samples of same type that are in burning problems essay immediately adjacent batch positions. Include all QC samples of boston same type that are together in a group in previous batch positions (not immediately adjacent to current position) Include all QC samples of bibliography same type that are together in in creative boston a group in following batch positions (not immediately adjacent to current position) Include the sample that is in the batch position that is before the current batch position. Include the sample that is in the batch position that is two positions before the current batch position.

Include the sample that is in the batch position that is paper, after the current batch position. Include the sample that is in the batch position that is two positions after the current batch position. The before, before-before, after and after-after entries were created to allow for drift corrections in batches. The LIMS basic function ‘BatchPosition(batchname, testnumber)’ is necessary for this too because you also need to know the position of the sample in relation to writing boston the standards that come before and after it so you can do the weighting necessary for the correction. So ‘before’ for example, refers to the chosen standard somewhere, not necessarily immediately, before the sample and burning essay, you will need the value (formatted_entry) and the test number, so you can derive its position in the batch. In this manner, for example, for each sample in the batch, the sample’s results could be compared to the QC Blank that was run before and after the sample. If your drift correction is not linear, or is going to be based on more points, you’re going to need more standards so then you would use before-before and in creative writing boston, after-after . The seventh calculation input variable type is Worksheet. Good Essay Tips? The Worksheet input variable provides information from masters writing, worksheet fields for a worksheet with the same sample for which this calculation is being executed. When the Worksheet calculation variable, the user will be prompted to specify the worksheet template. Once you select the worksheet template, a list of fields for this worksheet will be displayed.

Select the field from the Select Dialog. NOTE: Only the fields that are have Store the Db set to true in berger of seeing the Worksheet template are listed in this dialog. Refer to the section on the Worksheet Templates Table for in creative, more detail on a theme setting field properties for a worksheet. The Properties button is disabled for Worksheet variables. CAUTION: Once the Worksheet variable is in creative, entered on the worksheet the value will be passed to the analysis. Writing Essays Com? However, if the value is changed on the worksheet this will not trigger a re-calculation on the analysis i.e. the analysis Worksheet variable will not be updated.

The icons at the top of the Component Calculations dialog are used the same way as for a standard formula dialog. The Equation is masters in creative boston, defined using the good essay tips LIMS Basic language. LIMS Basic is a Basic like language which is used to program the masters writing equation. Refer to the LIMS Basic section for more information. Click on the Insert a Statement icon, , to view the available statement types. A Theme Essay? Statement types are used to provide a framework for the LIMS Basic code. Double clicking on a statement, or selecting the statement and clicking OK , will copy the statement framework to the Formula Dialog. Similarly, the Insert a Function icon, , will list various intrinsic functions that are available to operate on a variable. Double clicking on writing boston a function, or selecting the + research function and clicking OK , will copy the function framework to the Formula Dialog. To test an equation, click on the Test the code icon, . Select a sample which contains results for the test using the equation.

The calculated result value will be displayed for the last test replicate of this analysis. Refer to the section on the Formula Dialog in the LIMS Entry Fields chapter for more information on the other Formula Dialog toolbar icons. NOTE : When using the RESULT.ENTRY or RESULT.FORMATTED_ENTRY field values in analysis calculations, the in creative writing boston user should remember that these fields are stored as text values in ways of seeing the database. In most cases, the LIMS will interpret numeric information in masters in creative these text fields as numbers. But for numeric values, such as exponential values, the value may not be evaluated correctly unless converted to a numeric value first, using the + research Val LIMS Basic function. The RESULT.NUMERIC_ENTRY field can be used to boston return the numeric value of the RESULT.FORMATTED_ENTRY field.

Analysis variations are slight variations of an analysis that do not require different components but rather a slight change in the component properties. For example, some components may be optional for one variation and required on another. When the college user presses the masters writing boston Configure button in problems essay the Analysis record, a Select Dialog will appear, prompting the users to select a table. Click on Analysis Variations then click OK to open the configuration dialog for Analysis Variations. TIP : Additional fields can be displayed in the Analysis Variations dialog if the field names are added to the Description Fields in the Table Master entry for the ANALYSIS_VARIATION table. To add a new variation, the user clicks on in creative boston the Add button.

The user will then be prompted to enter a name for the variation: Enter the name and click OK . Love 750 Words? The new variation will be displayed in in creative writing the Analysis Variations dialog, as shown below. To enter additional information, the user selects the variation name in the list then clicks on the Properties button. The Properties dialog will be displayed. The fields displayed depend on the fields that are present in the ANALYSIS_VARIATION.

For example, if the Destructive field was added to the ANALYSIS_VARIATION table (and the field defined as a Boolean in the Table Master entry for the ANALYSIS_VARIATION table), the dialog would look like the following: NOTE: Field Information in the ANALYSIS_VARIATION table will take precedence over most field information in the ANALYSIS table. What this means, is that field values defined in the ANALYSIS_VARIATION table will be copied to the TEST table instead of the of seeing essay values defined in the ANALYSIS table. The values entered for these fields can be different for masters boston, each variation so the information copied to the TEST table can be different for each variation. TIP : Most of the Analysis fields can be included in the ANALYSIS_VARIATION table. The field must be present in bibliography + research paper both the ANALYSIS and masters in creative writing, TEST tables. This includes any user added fields that are present in both the berger essay ANALYSIS and TEST tables. Once you have defined an Analysis variation, you can proceed to defining the masters in creative writing boston Component variations that belong to this analysis variation, as described in the following section. To provide variations on component properties, the user must open the Component Variations dialog by selecting on the analysis variation in the Analysis Variations dialog then clicking on the Component Variations button.

To add a new variation, the user clicks on the Add button. The user will then be prompted to select a component. The components already defined for the analysis will be listed. More than one component may be selected using the Ctrl or Shift keys. All components can be selected by clicking on the All button. Once the components have been selected, the user can click OK . The selected components will be displayed in the Component Variations dialog, as shown below. NOTE: When components are added to an Analysis variation, the field values in john ways of seeing the COMPONENT table will be copied to common fields in the COMP_VARIATION table. What this means, is that fields defined in masters boston the COMP_VARIATION table will be defaulted to the values defined in the COMPONENT table. TIP : Additional fields can be displayed in the Component Variations dialog if the field names are added to good essay tips the Description Fields in masters in creative writing boston the Table Master entry for the COMP_VARIATION table.

To enter additional information, the user selects the component name in the list then clicks on the Properties button. The Properties dialog will be displayed. The following dialog shows the Properties dialog where additional fields, Alias Name, Clamp Low and Clamp High have been added to john of seeing the COMP_VARIATION table: NOTE: When adding tests via a test list, the test list components definition will take precedence over the analysis definition and any component variations. NOTE: Information in in creative the component variation definition will take precedence over the analysis definition. What this means, is that field values defined in the COMP_VARIATION table will be copied to the RESULT table instead of the college writing com values defined in the COMPONENT table. However, when adding tests via a test list, the test list components definition will take precedence over boston, the analysis definition and any component variations. Analysis Limits are specification limits that apply to a sample that do not relate to a product specification. The Analysis Limits are usually applied when the sample is burning of india essay, logged in based on one or more fields in the SAMPLE table.

NOTE: In the base LIMS database, the SAMPLE_TYPE field has been included in the ANALYSIS_LIMITS table as the in creative writing sample attribute that is used to determine the Analysis Limits. Love Get Love Essay 750 Words? The ANALYSIS_LIMITS table can be changed so that a different SAMPLE field or fields are used instead of Sample_Type. Masters Writing? The fields added to the ANALYSIS_LIMITS table must also be present in the SAMPLE table. Love 750 Words? If more than one field is used, the entries in writing boston both fields on a sample must match the good essay tips Analysis Limit definition for the analysis limit to be applied. When the user presses the masters boston Configure button in the Analysis record, a Select Dialog will appear, prompting the users to select a table. Click on Analysis Limits then click OK to open the bibliography + research paper configuration dialog for Analysis Limits, as shown below: TIP : Additional fields can be displayed in the Analysis Limits dialog if the field names are added to the Description Fields in masters writing boston the Table Master entry for the ANALYSIS_LIMITS table. For Example, the following entry in the Description Fields in essay Table Master. will result in the following display in the Analysis Limits dialog: To add a new limits, click on the Add button.

The Properties dialog will be displayed. The user can select a component for the analysis from a drop down list. In the base system, the SAMPLE_TYPE field has been included in the ANALYSIS_LIMITS table as the sample attribute that is used to determine the Analysis limits. So the user must specify a Sample type to which the limits will apply. Once the limits are entered the user clicks on masters OK to close the dialog.

The limit number is a automatically incrementing number. The Analysis column will display the current Analysis name. NOTE: When adding tests via a test list, the test list components definition for the Min Limit field and the Max Limit field will take precedence over the Analysis Limits definition. Click OK to close this dialog then save the Analysis to save the limits. CAUTION : The SAMPLE.SAMPLE_TYPE field is also used for QC Samples with Batches. Bibliography? When a QC Sample is added to a batch the SAMPLE.SAMPLE_TYPE field is set to the QC_TYPE defined in the QC Samples table. If you also want to use this field for Analysis Limits and in creative boston, you are using QC Samples, then the Sample Type should be based on the QC Type or the Sample_Type field removed from the Analysis Limits table and some other field, such as a User Added field used for the defining Analysis Limits. To configure the limits for an existing entry, the user selects the entry in the list then clicks on the Properties button. The Properties dialog will be displayed. Based on the ANALYSIS limit example shown in the previous figure, any time the LOD test is added to a sample with Sample Type of FINAL, the Min Limit will be set to 5 and Max Limit set to 12 for the Diff result (see following figure):

LabWare LIMS Version 5 User Guide. Copyright ©LabWare, Inc. Bibliography + Research Paper? 1994-2003 - All Rights Reserved.

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MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and term papers in many fields. MLA essay format is most widely used in masters boston the field of humanities and liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in 2009. Among the new rules of formatting, the Works Cited or References list is the of seeing requirement of indicating the medium of publication for every cited source. Masters? It could be a Print source for books and articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Since it can be used with either one, the writer must choose which reference style to use.

In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at the end of the essay. However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to berger of seeing do without Bibliography page. You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for masters in creative making your work look like a professional one. The text in MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. This rule concerns the give 750 words basic text of your essay, along with the formatting of in-text citations and masters in creative writing, the Works Cited page. 12-font size is preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is used in the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in bold.

The first line of each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the left side. You should put page numbers at the top, and justify it to the right. It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the editable fields and follow the guidelines within the text. Here you may find an example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is absolutely unacceptable. The same concerns indirect in-text references. Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way.

The following rules must be observed while writing an good essay tips, essay in MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in double quotation marks. At the end of the citation, you have to state the masters writing boston author’s name and the page number where the MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to good essay tips quote from a book Greenmantle of John Buchan from 1916. It will look like this: “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (Buchan 154). Note : there is no comma or full stop between the authors’ last name and page number. In cases when the author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the masters in creative writing boston page number in of seeing reference.

Example: As Buchan wrote “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (154). Long citations. When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is called a long citation and has to be placed separately from a new line. Quotation marks are not used in this case. However, the masters in creative writing boston author’s name and the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the characters in Kipling’s novel Kim describes the Mutiny in writing essays the following way: A madness ate into all the Army, and they turned against their officers. That was the first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands. In Creative? But they chose to kill the burning problems Sahibs’ wives and children. In Creative Boston? Then came the Sahibs from over the sea and called them to writing com most strict account (Kipling 77).

Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in masters in creative boston place of those words. The omitting of words in MLA citations is college writing essays, used in cases when you are directly interested in only part of the masters boston statement of the writing essays author in the original source, which is masters writing, located in the middle of the good essay tips quoted sentence. In this situation, you can preserve the key information and omit the details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to “a caliph . . . who had stepped out from the in creative writing boston pages of ‘The Arabian nights’” (Thomas 16) Adding information . Good Essay Tips? In the masters writing boston MLA essay , it is allowable to college writing com add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the Emancipation Proclamation: “…a great American, in masters writing whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice” (King 813). More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in a sentence of ways of seeing a MLA essay , then at in creative writing boston the end of the sentence indicate in brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon.

Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as “a legend of the British empire, to whom the college com Orient added its greatness”, but at the same time as a man whose “brain has dried out under the hot sun of the desert” (15; 47). Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of work, indicate the title in italics and the page number in the parenthesis. Example: As stated by the presidential commission … (Report 4) In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the reference and they have to correspond to the information indicated in masters in creative writing boston the Works Cited list at write a theme the end of essay. To get detailed information about the formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the paragraph devoted to masters writing boston MLA Works Cited List Format at P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of your research or term paper may become rather difficult. Good Essay Tips? In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for professional help from P rof E ssays.com. Our writers are ready to masters in creative writing assist you in writing and formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements. The process of gathering and formatting the college writing essays com information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting.

Improper formatting of citations may spoil the results of your hard work. Order you paper at P rof E ssays.com and be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to masters writing boston all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E ssays.com is the love essay 750 words best place to masters in creative buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in + research paper MLA essay. Learn how to format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the name of masters in creative your instructor, the title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the first page.

The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in essay the middle of the masters in creative writing boston title page. Remember that the title of college writing essays your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space. If your instructor asked you to in creative writing write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of a theme essay formatting the masters in creative writing boston cover page in college writing essays com a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay.

Needless to boston say that both can be done in MLA format . MLA outline should be done on love essay 750 words a separate page. The title of the essay should be typed at the top of the page and centered. Introduction and conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in in creative writing boston MLA outline , remember that the section of outline can’t have only one sub-section. So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section “A” in your paper, you need to have a “B”; or if you have point “1”, you need point “2”, etc. MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the title, the year of good essay tips publication, the publishing house and the overall number of pages in masters in creative a book, periodical, etc. is provided at the end of bibliography your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the Woks Cited list. Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to boston implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in cited within the MLA essay format must be arranged in alphabetical order by ways essay the last name of the author.

In cases when there is masters writing boston, no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by their titles. Give Essay 750 Words? When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the masters writing boston references of this kind, you should put the author’s last name in front of his first name which shouldn’t be shortened. The title of the book is listed after the author’s name, and then the write essay place of publication, the publishing house and boston, the year of publication. Do not forget to italicize the title of a book. Example: Buchan, John. Greenmantle. Burning Essay? London: Abacus, 1916. Print.

Note: According to the update in 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the masters medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources). Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the first author in the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to be placed in the direct order. Write Essay? So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the last name of the second author. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to masters in creative writing boston list all names in bibliography paper the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the inverted name of the masters in creative writing first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and berger of seeing, Power. 3rd ed. Masters In Creative? New York: Norton, 1994. Print. Some books are published by college writing essays organizations, commissions, associations, committees and other corporate authors.

When there is boston, no single author distinguished on the cover page of a book, put the give get love 750 words name of the corporate organization in the first place. Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art. A Guide to the Herbert F. Masters Writing? Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973. Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of good essay tips newspaper articles in a MLA essay differs a lot from the formatting of cited books. The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the following: at first you should indicate the author’s inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in masters in creative boston double quotation marks, then the john ways title of newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the day, month and year of publication, followed by the number of pages. Additionally, the in creative boston medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style.

Example : Smith, Lewis. “Leading scientist urges teaching of john berger of seeing essay creationism in schools”. The Times. London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in in creative boston your MLA essay, you have to italicize the title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the ways of seeing periodical and not the title of the article. The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). Only May, June and masters in creative writing, July are never abbreviated. The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to burning problems the adopted rules.

The general rules of formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and masters in creative writing, periodicals. The former requirement of representing the URL address of berger ways of seeing essay cited on-line source is simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the author’s name, article title, publisher’s name and masters writing boston, year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information. In such cases, list the available information.

When indicating the medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources. Example : “MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay.” ProffEssays.com.. 2011, January. http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Web. Note: Be sure the on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. The preference in write essay the choice of on-line sources is masters in creative writing, given to the official web sites of organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. Get Love 750 Words? URL is indicated in angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in writing and formatting MLA essays . Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules. Though the preferable format of a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in the MLA style. Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in the text by Arabic numbers in superscript.

The footnotes are indicated at the foot of every page and writing, the endnotes are indicated at the end of john berger your paper on masters in creative writing a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to write an excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with author’s name is typed next to the page number at the top of each page. While heading refer to the title of your paper and the the titles of its sections. MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the john berger ways use of boston headings, just some general norms: The headings of the john berger MLA essay are usually typed in same font and size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to italicize them or type in in creative bold. The title of the MLA paper should be centered.

Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. All headings of the sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and Conclusion .

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RF Transmitter Wiretaps. Slave Parallel Wiretaps. Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) Benefits of Lawful Intercept. Network Components Used for Lawful Intercept. ARP Spoofing Attack. How Does ARP Spoofing Work. Mac Duplicating Attack.

ARP Spoofing Tools. MAC Flooding Tools. Threats of ARP Poisoning. Linux Sniffing Tools. DNS Poisoning Techniques. 1. Bibliography + Research Paper! Intranet DNS Spoofing (Local Network) 2. Internet DNS Spoofing (Remote Network) 3. In Creative Writing Boston! Proxy Server DNS Poisoning.

4. DNS Cache Poisoning. Interactive TCP Relay. Raw Sniffing Tools. Features of Raw Sniffing Tools. How to Detect Sniffing. Module 10 Review. There is of india, No Patch to Human Stupidity.

What is Social Engineering. Types of in creative boston Social Engineering. Human-Based Social Engineering. Human-Based Social Engineering: Eavesdropping. Human-Based Social Engineering: Shoulder Surfing. Human-Based Social Engineering: Dumpster Diving. Dumpster Diving Example. Human-Based Social Engineering (cont'd)

Movies to Watch for bibliography Reverse Engineering Examples: The Italian Job and in creative boston, Catch Me If You Can. Computer-Based Social Engineering. Preventing Insider Threat. Common Targets of Social Engineering. Social Engineering Threats and Defenses. Defenses Against Social Engineering Threats. Factors that make Companies Vulnerable to Attacks. Why is good essay tips, Social Engineering Effective. Warning Signs of an Attack.

Tool: Netcraft Anti-Phishing Toolbar. Phases in a Social Engineering Attack. Behavoirs Vulnerable to Attacks. Impact on the Organization. Policies and Procedures. Impersonating on Facebook. Module 11 Review. Reasons for Successful Phishing. Process of writing Phishing. Types of berger ways of seeing essay Phishing Attacks.

URL Obfuscation Attacks. Cross-site Scripting Attacks. Search Engine Phishing. Module 12 Review. Ways for Getting Email Account Information. Fraudulent e-mail Messages. Vulnerabilities: Web Email. Email Hacking Tools. Securing Email Accounts. Creating Strong Passwords.

Alternate Email Address. Keep Me Signed In/Remember Me. Module 13 Review. Impact and masters writing, the Modes of Attack. Types of Attacks. DoS Attack Classification. Buffer Overflow Attack. Ping of Death Attack. DoS Attack Tools. Bot (Derived from the Word RoBOT) Uses of Botnets.

How Do They Infect? Analysis Of Agabot. DDoS Attack Taxonomy. Reflective DNS Attacks. How to john ways essay, Conduct a DDoS Attack. Reflection of the Exploit. Countermeasures for Reflected DoS. Taxonomy of DDoS Countermeasures. Preventing Secondary Victims. Detect and masters in creative, Neutralize Handlers. Mitigate or Stop the burning of india essay, Effects of in creative writing boston DDoS Attacks.

Module 14 Review. What is write, Session Hijacking. Understanding Session Hijacking. Spoofing vs. In Creative! Hijacking. Steps in Session Hijacking. Types of Session Hijacking. Session Hijacking Levels. Network Level Hijacking.

The 3-Way Handshake. Sequence Number Prediction. IP Spoofing: Source Routed Packets. Man in the Middle: Packet Sniffer. Application Level Hijacking. Session Hijacking Tools. Programs that Perform Session Hijacking.

Dangers Posed by Hijacking. Protecting against Session Hijacking. Countermeasure: IP Security. What Happened Next. Module 15 Review. How are Web Servers Compromised. Web Server Defacement. How are Web Servers Defaced. Attacks Against IIS. IIS 7 Components. IIS Directory Traversal (Unicode) Attack.

Core Impact Professional 101. Core Impact Professional. Networking Attack Vector. Client Side Application Testing. Web Application Testing. Core Impact Professional 101 Review. Hotfixes and Patches. What is college essays com, Patch Management. File System Traversal Countermeasures.

Increasing Web Server Security. Module 16 Review. Web Application Setup. Web Application Hacking. Anatomy of an Attack. Web Application Threats. Cross-Site Scripting/XSS Flaws.

Command Injection Flaws. Directory Traversal/Forceful Browsing. Error Message Interception. DMZ Protocol Attacks. Security Management Exploits. Web Services Attacks. Network Access Attacks. Module 17 Review. Integrated Windows (NTLM) Authentication. RSA SecurID Token. Types of Biometrics Authentication.

Hand Geometry-based Identification. Afghan Woman Recognized After 17 Years. Face Code: WebCam Based Biometrics Authentication System. How to Select a Good Password. Things to Avoid in masters in creative Passwords. Changing Your Password. Windows XP: Remove Saved Passwords. What is a Password Cracker. Modus Operandi of an Attacker Using Password Cracker.

How does a Password Cracker Work. Password Cracking Tools. Module 18 Review. What is SQL Injection. Exploiting Web Applications. SQL Injection Steps. What Should You Look For. What If It Doesn't Take Input. SQL Injection Techniques.

How to Test for john of seeing essay SQL Injection Vulnerability. How Does it Work. Executing Operating System Commands. Getting Output of masters in creative SQL Query. Getting Data from the Database Using ODBC Error Message. SQL Injection in Oracle.

SQL Injection in MySql Database. Attack Against SQL Servers. SQL Server Resolution Service (SSRS) SQL Injection Tools. SQL Injection Automated Tools. Blind SQL Injection. Blind SQL Injection: Countermeasures.

SQL Injection Countermeasures. Preventing SQL Injection Attacks. Module 19 Review. Introduction to get love essay 750 words, Wireless Networking. Wired Network vs. Wireless Network. Effects of in creative writing Wireless Attacks on Business. Types of good essay tips Wireless Network. Advantages and Disadvantages of a Wireless Network. Wireless Standard: 802.11a. Wireless Standard: 802.11b - WiFi

Wireless Standard: 802.11g. Wireless Standard: 802.11i. Wireless Standard: 802.11n. Related Technology and boston, Carrier Networks. Wireless Access Points. Is the SSID a Secret. Setting up a WLAN. Authentication and of india, Association. The 802.1X Authentication Process.

Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) WEP, WPA, and WPA2. WPA2 Wi-Fi Protected Access 2. Attacks and Hacking Tools. Authentication and (Dis)Association Attacks. Weak Keys (a.k.a. Weak IVs)

Problems with WEP's Key Stream and masters boston, Reuse. Automated WEP Crackers. Attacking WPA Encrypted Networks. Evil Twin: Attack. Rogue Access Points. Cloaked Access Point. Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) Phone Jammer: Mobile Blocker. 2.4Ghz Wi-Fi Wireless Camera Jammer. 3 Watt Digital Cell Phone Jammer.

3 Watt Quad Band Digital Cellular Mobile Phone Jammer. Detecting a Wireless Network. Hacking Wireless Networks 02. Step 1: Find Networks to Attack. Step 2: Choose the Networks to Attack. Step 3: Analyzing the Network. Step 4: Cracking the WEP Key. Step 5: Sniffing the Network. Radius: Used as Additional Layer in Security. Securing Wireless Networks.

WLAN Security: Passphrase. Don'ts in Wireless Security. Wireless Security Tools. Google Secure Access. Module 20 Review. Understanding Physical Security. Physical Security 02. What Is the john of seeing, Need for Physical Security. Who Is Accountable for Physical Security.

Factors Affecting Physical Security. Physical Security Checklist 01. Physical Security Checklist: Company Surroundings. Physical Security Checklist: Premises. Physical Security Checklist: Reception. Physical Security Checklist: Server. Physical Security Checklist: Workstation Area. Physical Security Checklist: Wireless Access Points. Physical Security Checklist: Other Equipment.

Physical Security Checklist: Access Control. Physical Security Checklist: Biometric Devices. Biometric Identification Techniques. Authentication Mechanisms Challenges: Biometrics. Physical Security Checklist 02. Computer Equipment Maintenance.

Lock Picking Tools. EPS (Electronic Physical Security) Laptop Theft Statistics for 2007. Statistics for Stolen and Recovered Laptops. Laptop Security Tools. Laptop Tracker - Xtool Computer Tracker. Laptop Security Countermeasures.

Challenges in Ensuring Physical Security. Physical Security: Lock Down USB Ports. Module 21 Review. Linux Live CD-ROMs. Basic Commands of Linux: Files Directories. Linux Networking Commands. Directories in Linux.

Installing, Configuring, and masters in creative writing, Compiling Linux Kernel. How to Install a Kernel Patch. Compiling Programs in write Linux. Make Install Command. Why is Linux Hacked.

How to in creative writing, Apply Patches to Vulnerable Programs. Port Scan Detection Tools. Password Cracking in Linux: Xcrack. Firewall in Linux: IPTables. Basic Linux Operating System Defense. Linux Loadable Kernel Modules. Hacking Tool: Linux Rootkits. Linux Tools: Application Security. Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment (AIDE)

Linux Tools: Encryption. Steps for Hardening Linux. Module 22 Review. Introduction to Intrusion Detection Systems. Intrusion Detection System. Intrusion Detection System (IDS) Ways to Detect an burning of india essay Intrusion. Types of Intrusion Detection Systems. System Integrity Verifiers (SIV)

Cisco Security Agent (CSA) General Indications of Intrusion System Indications. General Indications of Intrusion File System Indications. General Indications of Intrusion Network Indications. Intrusion Detection Tools. Running Snort on Windows 2003. Steps to writing boston, Perform After an give love 750 words IDS Detects an Attack. Evading IDS Systems. Ways to Evade IDS.

Tools to Evade IDS. What is a Firewall. What does a Firewall do. What can't a Firewall do. How does a Firewall Work. Types of Firewalls. Packet Filtering Firewall. Stateful Multilayer Inspection Firewall. Placing Backdoors Through Firewalls.

What is writing boston, a Honeypot. The Honeynet Project. Types of Honeypots. Advantages and Disadvantages of a Honeypot. Where to Place a Honeypot. Physical and berger ways, Virtual Honeypots. Tools to Detect Honeypots. What to in creative writing boston, do When Hacked. Module 23 Review. Why are Programs/Applications Vulnerable.

Buffer Overflows 02. Reasons for problems essay Buffer Overflow Attacks. Knowledge Required to writing, Program Buffer Overflow Exploits. Types of Buffer Overflows: Stack-Based Buffer Overflow. Stack Based Buffer Overflows. Types of Buffer Overflows: Heap-Based Buffer Overflow. Heap-Based Buffer Overflow. Understanding Assembly Language. How to essays, Detect Buffer Overflows in a Program. Attacking a Real Program. How to masters writing, Mutate a Buffer Overflow Exploit.

Once the Stack is Smashed Defense Against Buffer Overflows. Tool to john berger of seeing essay, Defend Buffer Overflow: Return Address Defender (RAD) Tool to in creative writing, Defend Buffer Overflow: StackGuard. Module 24 Review.

Classical Cryptographic Techniques. RSA (Rivest Shamir Adleman) Data Encryption Standard (DES) RC4, RC5, RC6, Blowfish. Message Digest Functions. One-way Bash Functions. SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm) SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) Algorithms and Security.

Government Access to Keys (GAK) Components of a Digital Signature. Method of Digital Signature Technology. Digital Signature Applications. Digital Signature Standard. Digital Signature Algorithms: ECDSA, ElGamal Signature Scheme. Challenges and Opportunities. Code Breaking: Methodologies. Module 25 Review. Copyright 2003-2015. Compucert LLC.

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Everyday fantasia: The world of synesthesia. With the writing boston help of sophisticated behavioral brain-imaging and molecular genetic methods, researchers are coming closer to understanding what drives the extraordinary sensory condition called synesthesia. By SIRI CARPENTER. March 2001, Vol 32, No. Burning. 3.

Guitar music doesn't just tickle Carol Crane's fancy--it also brushes softly against her ankles. When she hears violins, she also feels them on writing, her face. Com. Trumpets make themselves known on the back of her neck. In addition to feeling the sounds of musical instruments on her body, Crane sees letters and numbers in brilliant hues. And for her, units of boston time each have their own shape: She sees the of india months of the year as the boston cars on a ferris wheel, with July at college writing the top, December at the bottom.

Sean Day, PhD, tastes in technicolor. The taste of beef, such as a steak, produces a rich blue, says Day, a linguistics professor at National Central University in Taiwan. Mango sherbet appears as a wall of lime green with thin wavy strips of cherry red. Steamed gingered squid produces a large glob of bright orange foam, about in creative boston, four feet away, directly in front of me. Crane and write essay Day share an masters writing, extraordinary sensory condition called synesthesia. The phenomenon--its name derives from the writing essays com Greek, meaning to perceive together--comes in many varieties. Some synesthetes hear, smell, taste or feel pain in writing boston color. Others taste shapes, and ways of seeing essay still others perceive written digits, letters and words in masters boston color. Some, who possess what researchers call conceptual synesthesia, see abstract concepts, such as units of time or mathematical operations, as shapes projected either internally or in the space around them. Ways Of Seeing. And many synesthetes experience more than one form of the masters in creative writing boston condition.

The condition is write, not well known, in part because many synesthetes fear ridicule for their unusual ability. Writing. Often, people with synesthesia describe having been driven to silence after being derided in childhood for describing sensory connections that they had not realized were atypical. For scientists, synesthesia presents an intriguing problem. Studies have confirmed that the phenomenon is biological, automatic and apparently unlearned, distinct from write essay, both hallucination and metaphor. In Creative Boston. The condition runs in families and is more common among women than men, researchers now know. But until recently, researchers could only speculate about the causes of synesthesia. Now, however, modern behavioral, brain-imaging and molecular genetic tools hold exciting promise for uncovering the john berger essay mechanisms that drive synesthesia--and, researchers hope, for better understanding how the in creative writing brain normally organizes perception and cognition. Research suggests that about one in john ways of seeing 2,000 people are synesthetes, and some experts suspect that as many as one in 300 people have some variation of the condition.

The writer Vladimir Nabokov was reputedly a synesthete, as were the composer Olivier Messiaen and the physicist Richard Feynman. The most common form of in creative writing boston synesthesia, researchers believe, is colored hearing: sounds, music or voices seen as colors. Most synesthetes report that they see such sounds internally, in the mind's eye. Only a minority, like Day, see visions as if projected outside the body, usually within arm's reach. Some synesthetes report experiencing sensory overload, becoming exhausted from so much stimulation. But usually the good essay tips condition is not a problem--indeed, most synesthetes treasure what they consider a bonus sense. If you ask synesthetes if they'd wish to be rid of it, they almost always say no, says Simon Baron-Cohen, PhD, who studies synesthesia at the University of Cambridge. In Creative. For them, it feels like that's what normal experience is of india essay, like. To have that taken away would make them feel like they were being deprived of one sense. In the late 19th and masters in creative early 20th centuries, synesthesia enjoyed a flurry of give get love essay scientific study, mostly descriptive. In Creative Writing. By the mid-20th century, however, synesthesia had fallen off scientists' radar, a casualty of the essay behaviorism movement.

The phenomenon began to resurface as a subject of psychological inquiry beginning in the 1970s, stimulated largely by the work of two scientists. In 1975, Yale University psychologist Larry Marks, PhD, authored a review of the early history of synesthesia research in masters writing the journal Psychological Bulletin (Vol. 82, No. 3), the first major psychological treatment of the subject after a 30-year drought. Then, in the early 1980s, neurologist Richard E. Problems Of India. Cytowic, MD, published several case reports of masters synesthesia. He proposed, provocatively, that the condition's cause rests in the limbic system, a more emotional and primitive part of the brain than the write a theme neocortex, where higher order thinking occurs. Although that theory has not received widespread support, Cytowic's case studies and his popular 1993 book, The Man Who Tasted Shapes, heightened synesthesia's prominence and writing prompted psychologists and neuroscientists to examine the condition experimentally. In 1987, a team led by Baron-Cohen found the first hard evidence that synesthetes' experiences are consistent across time. The researchers asked a synesthete to describe the color that each of 100 words triggered.

A year later, they repeated the test without warning and found that the associations between words and john berger colors that their subject described were consistent with her initial responses more than 90 percent of the time. Masters In Creative. In contrast, people without synesthesia, asked to john essay, perform the same task but with only writing a two-week interval between the two tests, were consistent only 20 percent of the time. In later research, Baron-Cohen's group established that synesthesia is john berger ways essay, not only consistent across time but also concretely measurable in the brain. In Creative Boston. Using positron-emission tomography and functional magnetic resonance imaging, the researchers have found that for burning, synesthetes who report colored hearing, visual areas of the brain show increased activation in response to sound. In Creative Boston. That isn't the case for nonsynesthetes. Other studies have demonstrated that synesthetic perception occurs involuntarily and interferes with ordinary perception. And last summer, University of Waterloo researchers Mike Dixon, PhD, Daniel Smilek, Cera Cudahy and Philip Merikle, PhD, showed that, for one synesthete, the color experiences associated with digits could be induced even if the digits themselves were never presented. College Writing Essays. These researchers presented a synesthete with simple arithmetic problems such as 5 + 2. Their experiment showed that solving this arithmetic problem activated the concept of masters in creative 7, leading their synesthete to berger of seeing essay, perceive the color associated with 7.

This finding, published last July in the journal Nature (Vol. 406), was, according to Dixon, the first objective evidence that synesthetic experiences could be elicited by activating only the concepts of digits. As such, these results suggest that, at least for this synesthete, the color experiences were associated with the digit's meaning, not just its form. Together, the evidence shows that something is going on in the sensory areas of the brain, concludes Christopher Lovelace, PhD, a research fellow at Wake Forest University School of Medicine. What we have to do now is boston, try to figure out how the brain does it. A century ago, researchers ascribed synesthesia, somewhat vaguely, to crossed wires in the brain. Give Love Essay. Today, despite neuroscientists' more complex understanding of brain anatomy and their sophisticated tools for tracking brain function, synesthesia's roots continue to masters boston, elude understanding. Several competing theories have emerged, but all require further testing. Baron-Cohen and his colleagues propose that synesthesia results from a genetically driven overabundance of neural connections in the brain. Ordinarily, Baron-Cohen explains, different sensory functions are assigned to separate modules in john berger of seeing essay the brain, with limited communication between them. In synesthesia, Baron-Cohen and his colleagues posit, the brain's architecture is different.

Synesthetes' brains, they believe, are equipped with more connections between neurons, causing the masters writing usual modularity to break down and giving rise to synesthesia. Daphne Maurer, PhD, a psychologist at McMaster University, has further speculated that all humans may be born with the neural connections that allow synesthesia, but that most of good essay tips us lose those connections as we grow. Naropa University psychologist Peter Grossenbacher, PhD, agrees that there's likely a genetic root to synesthesia, and masters in creative writing boston like Baron-Cohen's group, he and his colleagues have teamed with molecular geneticists to probe the question. But Grossenbacher and his colleagues suspect a different brain mechanism. We don't need to posit some abnormal architecture of connections in order to account for burning problems, synesthesia, Grossenbacher argues. Instead, he proposes that in the brains of synesthetes, feed-backward connections that carry information from masters in creative writing, high-level multisensory areas of the brain back to single-sense areas are not properly inhibited. Essay. Ordinarily, information processed in such multisensory areas is allowed to masters in creative writing boston, return only to its appropriate single-sense area. But in synesthetes' brains, Grossenbacher argues, that inhibition is disrupted somehow, allowing the john of seeing essay different senses to masters boston, become jumbled. Grossenbacher believes his view is consistent with the fact that hallucinogenic drugs can temporarily induce synesthesia.

I don't think that new connections are forming in berger of seeing essay the brains of those individuals for a few hours and then disappearing, he says. Writing. What's much more sensible is that existing connections become used in a way that's neurochemically altered for a few hours. But, Grossenbacher acknowledges, The trouble with theorizing in this area is john of seeing, that we're underconstrained by in creative, data. There isn't the problems right kind of writing boston data, yet, to differentiate between these different theories. Baron-Cohen agrees, Neuroimaging is the best thing we've got at john berger ways of seeing essay the moment, but the spatial resolution isn't good enough to allow us to see whether the individual connections in the brain are cross-wired. Post-mortem examinations would allow closer inspection of masters in creative what's different about synesthetes' brains, Grossenbacher and Baron-Cohen agree. But, so far, no known synesthetes have died and left their brains to science. For psychologists, interest in synesthesia extends far beyond just the study of the few individuals who experience the phenomenon.

Synesthesia taps into a lot of other domains that are more familiar to good essay tips, many psychologists, says Marks. It tells us something about the nature of perception and boston what makes things perceptually similar to 750 words, one another. Synesthesia may help us to understand how the concept of similarity is embedded within the nervous system. In addition, Dixon suggests, the masters in creative writing boston fact that synesthetic perception interferes with the perception of physical stimuli highlights an important aspect of cognition. We tend to think of our experiences, and especially the visual system, as being bottom-up, he remarks. But there are many instances where meaning goes back down and influences our lower-order perception of the world.

Synesthesia is just one very rare and a theme essay exceptional example of that. The possibility that synesthesia has genetic roots is equally tantalizing, says Grossenbacher--especially if it turns out that a single gene controls the condition, as some have speculated. If indeed something as central to mental life as [synesthesia] is controlled by a single gene, this might be rather a new kind of gene to masters in creative writing boston, know about, says Grossenbacher. It would be a gene that, in give love essay either of its forms, results in a healthy human but has a profound effect on the organization of the nervous system. At a practical level, many researchers observe, research on masters writing boston, synesthesia will help raise the condition's visibility, reducing the risk that clinicians might mistake it as a sign of mental illness. In addition, Grossenbacher, Lovelace and Crane--who conducts research on writing com, synesthesia while completing her doctorate in clinical psychology--are beginning to examine whether common mechanisms might underlie both synesthesia and hallucination. If so, synesthesia may be an ideal laboratory for studying those mechanisms. This is a group of people who would be available for research, explains Crane. Unlike patients who experience hallucinations, synesthetes are not medicated, so you don't have that confounding factor. We're able to talk about our experiences. We offer something very valuable.

Cytowic, R.E. (1993). The man who tasted shapes. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Grossenbacher, P.G., Lovelace, C.T. (2001). Mechanisms of synesthesia: Cognitive and physiological constraints. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5 (1), 36-41. Harrison, J.E., Baron-Cohen, S. (Eds.) (1996). Synaesthesia: Classic and contemporary readings. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell. The Web site for the International Synaesthesia Association can be found at www.psychiatry.cam.ac.uk/isa/ Digital Media (22) Press Release (20) Fact Sheet (17) Profile (14) Web Article (14) Curriculum (12) Journal (12) Children's Book (11) Journal Special Issue (10) Scholarship/Grant/Awardyfzcatrywzrf (9) Newsletter (8) Psychology Subfield (7) Video (7) Psychology Topic (6) Continuing Education Program (5) Brochure/Pamphlet (4) Report (4) Call for Papers/Proposals/Nominations (3) Manual/Handbook (3) Newsletter Homepage (3) Bibliography (2) Magazine (2) Summary (2) Chart/Table/Figure (1) Conference Materials (1) Council Policy (1) FAQ (1) Policy/Procedure (1) Presentation (1) Speech/Transcript/Script (1) Toolkit (1) Show fewer resources.

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