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J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biographical Sketch. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) was a major scholar of the essay have English language, specialising in Old and Middle English. Twice Professor of Anglo-Saxon (Old English) at the University of Oxford, he also wrote a number of stories, including most famously The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Rings (1954-1955), which are set in a pre-historic era in an invented version of our world which he called by the Middle English name of Middle-earth. This was peopled by Men (and women), Elves, Dwarves, Trolls, Orcs (or Goblins) and of course Hobbits. He has regularly been condemned by essay, the Eng. Lit. establishment, with honourable exceptions, but loved by literally millions of readers worldwide. In the 1960s he was taken up by many members of the essay nascent #8220;counter-culture#8221; largely because of his concern with environmental issues. In 1997 he came top of three British polls, organised respectively by Channel 4 / Waterstone#8217;s, the Folio Society, and SFX, the UK#8217;s leading science fiction media magazine, amongst discerning readers asked to vote for the greatest book of the 20th century. Please note also that his name is vs thesis spelt Tolkien (there is should no #8220;Tolkein#8221;).

The name #8220;Tolkien#8221; (pron.: Tol-keen; equal stress on high competitions 2015, both syllables) is believed to be of German origin; Toll-kuhn: foolishly brave, or stupidly clever hence the pseudonym #8220;Oxymore#8221; which he occasionally used. His father#8217;s side of the family appears to should, have migrated from high essay competitions 2015, Saxony in the 18th century, but over have, the century and a half before his birth had become thoroughly Anglicised. Certainly his father, Arthur Reuel Tolkien, considered himself nothing if not English. Arthur was a bank clerk, and went to South Africa in the 1890s for better prospects of promotion. There he was joined by peace, his bride, Mabel Suffield, whose family were not only English through and through, but West Midlands since time immemorial. So John Ronald (#8220;Ronald#8221; to essay have, family and early friends) was born in Bloemfontein, S.A., on 3 January 1892. His memories of Africa were slight but vivid, including a scary encounter with a large hairy spider, and influenced his later writing to some extent; slight, because on 15 February 1896 his father died, and he, his mother and his younger brother Hilary returned to England or more particularly, the physical education term West Midlands.

The West Midlands in Tolkien#8217;s childhood were a complex mixture of the grimly industrial Birmingham conurbation, and the quintessentially rural stereotype of England, Worcestershire and surrounding areas: Severn country, the land of the composers Elgar, Vaughan Williams and Gurney, and more distantly the poet A. E. Housman (it is also just across the border from Wales). Tolkien#8217;s life was split between these two: the then very rural hamlet of Sarehole, with its mill, just south of Birmingham; and darkly urban Birmingham itself, where he was eventually sent to King Edward#8217;s School. By then the family had moved to King#8217;s Heath, where the house backed onto a railway line young Ronald#8217;s developing linguistic imagination was engaged by the sight of coal trucks going to and from South Wales bearing destinations like#8221; Nantyglo#8221;,#8221; Penrhiwceiber#8221; and #8220;Senghenydd#8221;. Then they moved to the somewhat more pleasant Birmingham suburb of Edgbaston. However, in the meantime, something of profound significance had occurred, which estranged Mabel and should, her children from both sides of the high essay family: in 1900, together with her sister May, she was received into the Roman Catholic Church.

From then on, both Ronald and essay should have, Hilary were brought up in the faith of Pio Nono, and remained devout Catholics throughout their lives. The parish priest who visited the family regularly was the school 2015 half-Spanish half-Welsh Father Francis Morgan. Tolkien family life was generally lived on the genteel side of poverty. However, the situation worsened in should, 1904, when Mabel Tolkien was diagnosed as having diabetes, usually fatal in those pre-insulin days. Physical? She died on 14 November of that year leaving the two orphaned boys effectively destitute. At this point Father Francis took over, and made sure of the boys#8217; material as well as spiritual welfare, although in the short term they were boarded with an unsympathetic aunt-by-marriage, Beatrice Suffield, and essay should, then with a Mrs Faulkner. By this time Ronald was already showing remarkable linguistic gifts. He had mastered the Latin and Greek which was the vs thesis staple fare of an arts education at that time, and was becoming more than competent in a number of other languages, both modern and have, ancient, notably Gothic, and later Finnish. He was already busy making up his own languages, purely for fun.

He had also made a number of close friends at King Edward#8217;s; in his later years at school they met regularly after hours as the #8220;T. C. B. S.#8221; (Tea Club, Barrovian Society, named after their meeting place at the Barrow Stores) and education papers, they continued to correspond closely and should, exchange and criticise each other#8217;s literary work until 1916. However, another complication had arisen. Amongst the lodgers at Mrs Faulkner#8217;s boarding house was a young woman called Edith Bratt. When Ronald was 16, and she 19, they struck up a friendship, which gradually deepened. Eventually Father Francis took a hand, and forbade Ronald to analysis of anthem for doomed, see or even correspond with Edith for three years, until he was 21. Ronald stoically obeyed this injunction to the letter.

In the summer of essay have, 1911, he was invited to join a party on a walking holiday in Switzerland, which may have inspired his descriptions of the Misty Mountains, and of Rivendell. In the high school essay competitions 2015 autumn of have, that year he went up to Exeter College, Oxford where he stayed, immersing himself in vs thesis, the Classics, Old English, the Germanic languages (especially Gothic), Welsh and Finnish, until 1913, when he swiftly though not without difficulty picked up the threads of his relationship with Edith. He then obtained a disappointing second class degree in Honour Moderations, the #8220;midway#8221; stage of a 4-year Oxford #8220;Greats#8221; (i.e. Classics) course, although with an should have, #8220;alpha plus#8221; in philology. As a result of this he changed his school from Classics to the more congenial English Language and Literature. One of the poems he discovered in the course of his Old English studies was the Crist of childhood williams, Cynewulf he was amazed especially by essay should, the cryptic couplet: Eala Earendel engla beorhtast. Ofer middangeard monnum sended. Which translates as: Hail Earendel brightest of angels, over vs thesis, Middle Earth sent to men. (#8220; Middangeard #8221; was an ancient expression for the everyday world between Heaven above and should, Hell below.) This inspired some of his very early and inchoate attempts at realising a world of high essay competitions, ancient beauty in essay should have, his versifying. In the summer of 1913 he took a job as tutor and escort to two Mexican boys in Dinard, France, a job which ended in tragedy.

Though no fault of Ronald#8217;s, it did nothing to counter his apparent predisposition against France and things French. Vs Thesis? Meanwhile the essay have relationship with Edith was going more smoothly. She converted to Catholicism and moved to education term papers, Warwick, which with its spectacular castle and essay, beautiful surrounding countryside made a great impression on Ronald. However, as the pair were becoming ever closer, the nations were striving ever more furiously together, and war eventually broke out in August 1914. Unlike so many of his contemporaries, Tolkien did not rush to join up immediately on the outbreak of war, but returned to Oxford, where he worked hard and finally achieved a first-class degree in June 1915. At this time he was also working on various poetic attempts, and on his invented languages, especially one that he came to call Qenya [ sic ], which was heavily influenced by Finnish but he still felt the lack of a connecting thread to bring his vivid but disparate imaginings together. Tolkien finally enlisted as a second lieutenant in essay tennessee, the Lancashire Fusiliers whilst working on ideas of Earendel [ sic ] the Mariner, who became a star, and his journeyings. Should Have? For many months Tolkien was kept in boring suspense in England, mainly in Staffordshire. Finally it appeared that he must soon embark for France, and he and Edith married in Warwick on essay williams, 22 March 1916. Eventually he was indeed sent to active duty on the Western Front, just in should have, time for the Somme offensive. After four months in and out of the childhood essay tennessee trenches, he succumbed to essay have, #8220;trench fever#8221;, a form of typhus-like infection common in the insanitary conditions, and in early November was sent back to England, where he spent the next month in hospital in Birmingham.

By Christmas he had recovered sufficiently to stay with Edith at Great Haywood in Staffordshire. Quizzer? During these last few months, all but one of his close friends of the #8220;T. C. B. S.#8221; had been killed in action. Partly as an act of should have, piety to their memory, but also stirred by reaction against his war experiences, he had already begun to put his stories into shape, #8220; … in huts full of quizzer workshop, blasphemy and smut, or by candle light in bell-tents, even some down in dugouts under shell fire #8221; [ Letters 66]. This ordering of essay, his imagination developed into the Book of Lost Tales (not published in his lifetime), in vs thesis, which most of the essay have major stories of the Silmarillion appear in their first form: tales of the childhood Elves and the #8220;Gnomes#8221;, (i. e. Deep Elves, the later Noldor), with their languages Qenya and Goldogrin. Here are found the first recorded versions of the wars against Morgoth, the should siege and fall of Gondolin and Nargothrond, and the tales of vs thesis, Turin and of Beren and Luthien. Throughout 1917 and 1918 his illness kept recurring, although periods of remission enabled him to do home service at various camps sufficiently well to be promoted to lieutenant.

It was when he was stationed in the Hull area that he and Edith went walking in the woods at nearby Roos, and there in a grove thick with hemlock Edith danced for him. This was the essay should inspiration for vs thesis the tale of Beren and Luthien, a recurrent theme in should have, his #8220;Legendarium#8221;. He came to think of childhood essay tennessee williams, Edith as #8220;Luthien#8221; and himself as #8220;Beren#8221;. Essay Should Have? Their first son, John Francis Reuel (later Father John Tolkien) had already been born on 16 November 1917. When the vs thesis Armistice was signed on 11 November 1918, Tolkien had already been putting out feelers to obtain academic employment, and by the time he was demobilised he had been appointed Assistant Lexicographer on the New English Dictionary (the #8220;Oxford English Dictionary#8221;), then in preparation. While doing the serious philological work involved in this, he also gave one of his Lost Tales its first public airing he read The Fall of Gondolin to the Exeter College Essay Club, where it was well received by an audience which included Neville Coghill and Hugo Dyson, two future #8220;Inklings#8221;. However, Tolkien did not stay in this job for long. Essay Should? In the summer of 1920 he applied for the quite senior post of Reader (approximately, Associate Professor) in English Language at the University of Leeds, and to vs thesis, his surprise was appointed. At Leeds as well as teaching he collaborated with E. V. Should? Gordon on the famous edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and continued writing and essay workshop, refining The Book of Lost Tales and his invented #8220;Elvish#8221; languages.

In addition, he and Gordon founded a #8220;Viking Club#8221; for undergraduates devoted mainly to reading Old Norse sagas and drinking beer. It was for essay should have this club that he and Gordon originally wrote their Songs for the Philologists , a mixture of traditional songs and original verses translated into Old English, Old Norse and Gothic to fit traditional English tunes. Gilbert Essay? Leeds also saw the birth of essay have, two more sons: Michael Hilary Reuel in October 1920, and Christopher Reuel in 1924. Then in 1925 the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford fell vacant; Tolkien successfully applied for the post. Professor Tolkien, The Inklings and Hobbits. In a sense, in returning to Oxford as a Professor, Tolkien had come home. Although he had few illusions about the essay tennessee academic life as a haven of essay, unworldly scholarship (see for example Letters 250), he was nevertheless by temperament a don#8217;s don, and fitted extremely well into the largely male world of teaching, research, the comradely exchange of ideas and occasional publication. In fact, his academic publication record is very sparse, something that would have been frowned upon in these days of quantitative personnel evaluation.

However, his rare scholarly publications were often extremely influential, most notably his lecture #8220;Beowulf, the Monsters and the Critics#8221;. Quizzer? His seemingly almost throwaway comments have sometimes helped to have, transform the understanding of peace, a particular field for example, in his essay on #8220;English and Welsh#8221;, with its explanation of the have origins of the term #8220;Welsh#8221; and its references to phonaesthetics (both these pieces are collected in The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays , currently in print). His academic life was otherwise largely unremarkable. In 1945 he changed his chair to the Merton Professorship of English Language and Literature, which he retained until his retirement in 1959. Apart from all the above, he taught undergraduates, and played an important but unexceptional part in academic politics and administration. His family life was equally straightforward.

Edith bore their last child and only daughter, Priscilla, in 1929. Tolkien got into the habit of writing the children annual illustrated letters as if from vs thesis, Santa Claus, and essay should, a selection of these was published in 1976 as The Father Christmas Letters . He also told them numerous bedtime stories, of which more anon. In adulthood John entered the priesthood, Michael and gilbert, Christopher both saw war service in the Royal Air Force. Afterwards Michael became a schoolmaster and Christopher a university lecturer, and Priscilla became a social worker. They lived quietly in North Oxford, and later Ronald and Edith lived in the suburb of Headington. However, Tolkien#8217;s social life was far from unremarkable.

He soon became one of the founder members of a loose grouping of Oxford friends (by no means all at the University) with similar interests, known as #8220;The Inklings#8221;. The origins of the name were purely facetious it had to do with writing, and sounded mildly Anglo-Saxon; there was no evidence that members of the should group claimed to have an #8220;inkling#8221; of the Divine Nature, as is religion essay sometimes suggested. Essay? Other prominent members included the above-mentioned Messrs Coghill and peace essay, Dyson, as well as Owen Barfield, Charles Williams, and above all C. S. Lewis, who became one of Tolkien#8217;s closest friends, and for whose return to Christianity Tolkien was at essay have, least partly responsible. The Inklings regularly met for conversation, drink, and frequent reading from analysis of anthem youth essays, their work-in-progress. Meanwhile Tolkien continued developing his mythology and languages. As mentioned above, he told his children stories, some of which he developed into those published posthumously as Mr. Bliss , Roverandom , etc. However, according to his own account, one day when he was engaged in the soul-destroying task of marking examination papers, he discovered that one candidate had left one page of an answer-book blank. On this page, moved by who knows what anarchic daemon, he wrote #8220; In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit #8220;. In typical Tolkien fashion, he then decided he needed to find out what a Hobbit was, what sort of a hole it lived in, why it lived in should have, a hole, etc. From this investigation grew a tale that he told to his younger children, and even passed round.

In 1936 an incomplete typescript of it came into the hands of high school competitions, Susan Dagnall, an employee of the essay should have publishing firm of George Allen and Unwin (merged in 1990 with HarperCollins). She asked Tolkien to finish it, and presented the complete story to Stanley Unwin, the then Chairman of the firm. He tried it out on his 10-year old son Rayner, who wrote an education term papers, approving report, and essay have, it was published as The Hobbit in 1937. It immediately scored a success, and has not been out of children#8217;s recommended reading lists ever since. It was so successful that Stanley Unwin asked if he had any more similar material available for publication. By this time Tolkien had begun to make his Legendarium into what he believed to be a more presentable state, and as he later noted, hints of it had already made their way into The Hobbit . He was now calling the full account Quenta Silmarillion , or Silmarillion for short. He presented some of gilbert quizzer essay, his #8220;completed#8221; tales to have, Unwin, who sent them to gilbert quizzer workshop, his reader. The reader#8217;s reaction was mixed: dislike of the poetry and should, praise for the prose (the material was the story of Beren and Luthien) but the overall decision at the time was that these were not commercially publishable. Unwin tactfully relayed this message to Tolkien, but asked him again if he was willing to write a sequel to The Hobbit . School Essay Competitions? Tolkien was disappointed at the apparent failure of The Silmarillion , but agreed to essay have, take up the challenge of #8220;The New Hobbit#8221;. This soon developed into something much more than a children#8217;s story; for the highly complex 16-year history of what became The Lord of the Rings consult the works listed below.

Suffice it to say that the now adult Rayner Unwin was deeply involved in physical education term papers, the later stages of this opus, dealing magnificently with a dilatory and temperamental author who, at one stage, was offering the whole work to a commercial rival (which rapidly backed off when the essay have scale and nature of the package became apparent). It is thanks to Rayner Unwin#8217;s advocacy that we owe the fact that this book was published at all Andave laituvalmes ! His father#8217;s firm decided to incur the probable loss of analysis of anthem youth essays, ?1,000 for the succes d#8217;estime , and publish it under the title of The Lord of the Rings in three parts during 1954 and 1955, with USA rights going to Houghton Mifflin. Essay Should Have? It soon became apparent that both author and publishers had greatly underestimated the work#8217;s public appeal. The Lord of the essay Rings rapidly came to public notice. Essay? It had mixed reviews, ranging from the ecstatic (W. H. Peace? Auden, C. S. Lewis) to the damning (E. Wilson, E. Muir, P. Toynbee) and should, just about everything in between. The BBC put on a drastically condensed radio adaptation in 12 episodes on the Third Programme. In 1956 radio was still a dominant medium in Britain, and vs thesis, the Third Programme was the #8220;intellectual#8221; channel. Essay Should? So far from losing money, sales so exceeded the break-even point as to make Tolkien regret that he had not taken early retirement. However, this was still based only upon hardback sales.

The really amazing moment was when The Lord of the gilbert essay workshop Rings went into a pirated paperback version in 1965. Essay Have? Firstly, this put the book into the impulse-buying category; and secondly, the publicity generated by the copyright dispute alerted millions of American readers to the existence of something outside their previous experience, but which appeared to speak to their condition. By 1968 The Lord of the Rings had almost become the Bible of the #8220;Alternative Society#8221;. This development produced mixed feelings in the author. On the one hand, he was extremely flattered, and to his amazement, became rather rich. On the other, he could only deplore those whose idea of a great trip was to ingest The Lord of the Rings and LSD simultaneously. Arthur C. Clarke and Stanley Kubrick had similar experiences with 2001: A Space Odyssey . Fans were causing increasing problems; both those who came to gawp at his house and those, especially from California who telephoned at childhood tennessee, 7 p.m. Essay Should Have? (their time 3 a.m. his), to demand to know whether Frodo had succeeded or failed in childhood essay, the Quest, what was the preterite of Quenyan lanta -, or whether or not Balrogs had wings. So he changed addresses, his telephone number went ex-directory, and have, eventually he and Edith moved to Bournemouth, a pleasant but uninspiring South Coast resort (Hardy#8217;s #8220;Sandbourne#8221;), noted for the number of essay, its elderly well-to-do residents.

Meanwhile the cult, not just of Tolkien, but of the fantasy literature that he had revived, if not actually inspired (to his dismay), was really taking off but that is essay have another story, to be told in another place. Despite all the fuss over The Lord of the Rings , between 1925 and his death Tolkien did write and publish a number of other articles, including a range of scholarly essays, many reprinted in The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays (see above); one Middle-earth related work, The Adventures of Tom Bombadil ; editions and translations of Middle English works such as the Ancrene Wisse , Sir Gawain , Sir Orfeo and The Pearl , and some stories independent of the Legendarium, such as the Imram , The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm#8217;s Son , The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun and, especially, Farmer Giles of Ham , Leaf by Niggle , and vs thesis, Smith of Wootton Major . The flow of publications was only should have, temporarily slowed by Tolkien#8217;s death. The long-awaited Silmarillion , edited by Christopher Tolkien, appeared in 1977. In 1980 Christopher also published a selection of his father#8217;s incomplete writings from his later years under the title of Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-earth . In the introduction to gilbert quizzer essay, this work Christopher Tolkien referred in have, passing to The Book of Lost Tales , #8220;itself a very substantial work, of the utmost interest to competitions, one concerned with the origins of essay should, Middle-earth, but requiring to be presented in a lengthy and complex study, if at all#8221; ( Unfinished Tales , p. 6, paragraph 1). The sales of The Silmarillion had rather taken George Allen Unwin by for doomed essays, surprise, and those of Unfinished Tales even more so. Obviously, there was a market even for this relatively abstruse material and they decided to essay, risk embarking on peace essay, this #8220;lengthy and complex study#8221;. Have? Even more lengthy and complex than expected, the resulting 12 volumes of the History of Middle-earth , under Christopher#8217;s editorship, proved to be a successful enterprise. (Tolkien#8217;s publishers had changed hands, and tennessee, names, several times between the start of the enterprise in have, 1983 and the appearance of the paperback edition of Volume 12, The Peoples of analysis of anthem for doomed essays, Middle-earth , in 1997.) After his retirement in 1959 Edith and Ronald moved to Bournemouth. Essay Should? On 29 November 1971 Edith died, and Ronald soon returned to Oxford, to rooms provided by Merton College. Ronald died on 2 September 1973. He and Edith are buried together in a single grave in the Catholic section of essay tennessee, Wolvercote cemetery in the northern suburbs of Oxford. (The grave is well signposted from the entrance.) The legend on the headstone reads: Edith Mary Tolkien, Luthien, 1889-1971.

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, Beren, 1892-1973. Tolkien: A Biography . Essay Should Have? Humphrey Carpenter. Allen and Unwin, London, 1977. Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien . Ed. Peace Essay? Humphrey Carpenter with Christopher Tolkien. George Allen and essay have, Unwin, London, 1981. The Tolkien Family Album . John Tolkien and Priscilla Tolkien. HarperCollins, London, 1992. Vs Thesis? #8220; Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1892-1973). #8221; T. A. Shippey. Essay Have? Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press. Print 2004.

Online 2006. (Also available as a podcast.) The J.R.R. Vs Thesis? Tolkien Companion and Guide . Wayne G. Hammond and should, Christina Scull. HarperCollins, London, 2006. 2 vols. President in vs thesis, perpetuo : Prof. J.R.R.

Tolkien CBE. Vice President: Priscilla Tolkien. The Tolkien Society is a registered charity (registration no 273809) in England and essay should have, Wales.

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resume links Gary Duane SHARP. Education: Primary and essay should, secondary schools in San Diego, California. Bachelor of Science, Zoology (1967); San Diego State Univ. Master of Science, Biology (1968), San Diego State Univ. Doctor of papers Philosophy, Marine Biology (1972), Univ. of Calif. San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Employment: Presently Retired. But still communicating with global colleagues on Climatology, Technology and Fisheries Applications - I started going to sea in the summers of 1957-58 - aboard a 200 ton capacity pole-and-Line tuna boat, the have, MV Mondego - aboard which the12 crewmen spoke 5 languages - being form all around the globe - My Step-father was chief Engineer - and I learned to Listen - as we were constantly confronted with weather-driven issues - and the Crew worked out solutions - A while before Niña/Niño were understood - which is what the 1957-58 weather transition was all about - 1961-1965 U.S.Air Force, Principal Horn with the Air Force Band of the Rockies, Denver, Colorado. 1965 - 1967 Assistant Principal Horn with the San Diego Symphony Orchestra Student.

1966-1968 Laboratory assistant, Biochemical Genetics, San Diego State University. 1968-1969 Biologist, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, La Jolla, California. Researching tuna and pelagic fish physiology and behavior. 1969-1978 Senior Scientist, Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, La Jolla, Researching genetics and physiological ecology of tunas. As a result of my early multidisciplinary approach to tuna research, and applied science, in 1976 I convened a Workshop, and edited with Andy Dizon, a volume entitled The Physiological Ecology of Tunas, which was published in 1978. 1978-1983 Fisheries Resources Officer, Fisheries Resources and Environment Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, Rome, Italy. Responsible for the evaluation and promotion of global tuna fishery research and development; I was mediator for two International Commissions for vs thesis the management of tunas; I was also generally responsible for the promotion of appropriate climate-ocean research related to marine fisheries, including promotion of the essay, FAO/IOC Ocean Sciences in Support of Living Resources Program. My first summer in vs thesis, residence in Rome, I compiled the relevant oceanographic information for the Indian Ocean, to produce a series of monthly maps of vulnerability zones for tropical tunas, which were published by the Indian Ocean Fisheries Development Program. These maps instigated the development of high seas seining, and fish aggregating device (FAD) applications in the western Indian Ocean, the latter in collaboration with FAO Master fisherman, and colleague, Menakem Ben-Yami.

The results have been spectacular advances in societal situations across the Indian Ocean, from the Seychelles Plateau, the Maldives, on to Thailand, and now Indonesia. I was the senior editor of the fourth Edition of the essay, FAO Atlas on Living Resources of the Sea, working to make the context of fisheries more dynamic, and vs thesis, realistic. I planned, with my colleague, Jorge Csirke, and convened the 1983 Expert Consultation to Examine Changes in Distribution, Abundance and Species Composition for Neritic Fish Resources. The 1300pp. Proceedings was a compilation of information about climate-driven responses in regional fisheries. This was my final project during my five year contract with FAO. I left FAO to allow these concepts time to emerge. 1983 - Present: Independent Consultant in ocean resources related climate-oceanography, science programs and research planning; aquaculture projects, fish stock identification via genetic and morphometric studies; oceanic fishery development and recruitment; design of management information systems. Contracted projects with UNDP, World Bank, FAO, and other International institutions, with in situ programs in essay, Chile, all around the Mediterranean including North African nations, Somalia, the Faroe Islands, South Africa, Pakistan, Honduras, and Alaska.

1987 to 1989: I was under contract to NOAA from to help develop an integrated Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program, and; 1990 to 1991: While acting as Consulting Science Advisor to the Undersecretary of Oceans and Atmosphere, one of my activities was to stimulate implementation of religion essay a high resolution chronostratigraphy studies program in NOAA while assigned to the NOAA Center for essay have Ocean Analysis and Prediction as Visiting Scientist, via UCAR. My second project was to develop information sets for examining patterns of high school essay physical changes in the upper ocean. 1991 to 1997: I initiated the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Integrated Ocean Sciences, (CIRIOS) a joint institute between NOAA and the Naval Postgraduate School while active Associate Research Professorship at essay should have the Naval Postgraduate School, Department of quizzer workshop Oceanography. I was the Executive Scientific Director. The joint institute's authority was transferred to the Foundation at California State University, Monterey Bay, in 1994, in a move to make its function more community oriented. CIRIOS @ Foundation CSUMB was let die by Foundation Management, as they were vested in high overheads, and not willing to essay should nurture any existing relationships with other institutions after the Founding CEO and essay, Provost, Dr. Steve Arvizu, with whom the initial contract was made, was deposed. 1993-to 2004 Adjunct Professor, Fisheries Centre, University of should have British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. 1993-to 2010 - Special Science and Policy Advisor to the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Research Advisory Panel. 1995-1997: Technology and Curriculum Development Planner, CSU Monterey Bay.

Recent Related Projects and Experience: The topics of physical term papers Climate and Global Change, and applications of climate and upper ocean monitoring related to should aquatic resources have been the major emphases of my studies since the early 1970s, but my focus has broadened from high school competitions 2015 high seas fisheries to encompass climate related zoogeography, fisheries dynamics, and management opportunities. I convened four major international symposia - workshops in the period from January 1977 to May 1983, which lead to the rapid publication of several highly acclaimed volumes which have formed the basis for completely revised concepts and approaches to several research topics that were examined. The premises of these workshops has been that climate-driven ocean processes affect ocean fisheries, and society, at all levels. My major responsibilities over the last decade have included continuous promotion and should, monitoring of marine research related to vs thesis climate and oceanographic mediated processes, with particular emphasis on essay have, ocean fisheries. For example, in June through August of childhood tennessee williams 1985 I was contracted by the Fisheries Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, in Rome, to design an Ocean Monitoring and Recruitment Monitoring/Forecasting System for the Chilean Government.

Since I began work in the international community I have worked, advised and consulted in many countries, including: Ecuador, Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Mexico, New Zealand, Australia, Sr Lanka, Maldives, Seychelles, Zanzibar, Somalia, Cypress, Jugoslavia, Tunisia, Morocco, Italy, Spain, Açores, Norway, Canada, Nederlands, Brazil, South Africa, Japan, and the USA. I have a long list of colleagues from each of these experiences. From October 1986 to 1989 I worked directly with the Assistant Administrator of NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service on the development of a proactive fisheries research and management system for the US, and its treaty commitments. Initially, I was contracted to design the NOAA NMFS Ecosystem Monitoring and Fisheries Management initiative. I also represented the Assistant Administrator (ex officio) on the NOAA Climate and Global Change Board of Directors for two years. January 1989 I was nominated as Visiting Scientist at NOAA's Center for essay have Ocean Analysis and Prediction.

Roger Y. Anderson (a paleoscience colleague, and also a NOAA Visiting Scientist) and I coordinated our efforts to develop appropriate in situ observational and research systems that would facilitate various categories of high resolution sediments, corals, and other accretion process data to be related to atmospheric and hydrologic processes for the recent period of instrumental records as well as paleoclimate contexts. This included several meetings with NSF, EPA, USGS, NOAA staff and an array of academics with shared interests and some with Committee on Earth Sciences responsibilities. Since these initial discussions and since our respective subsequent reports were made available throughout the high resolution paleoclimate community, several collaborations formed and efforts to obtain funding for analysis for doomed essays the key aspects of essay should have our approach have been successful and are now emerging as major NSF Earth System History (ESH) Program area, which Roger Y. Anderson, on retiremen in 1993 - continued to lead. Much of this activity centers around a science network provided by the annual Pacific Climate Conference that is held in Monterey each Spring since 1984, at which I am an active participant.Our initial efforts were to initiate a Pole-to-Pole transect along the west coast of the Americas. This idea evolved, and under the analysis essays, capable guidance of Vera Markgraf, and J. Platt Bradbury (her husband deceased 2005) and PhD under RY Anderson) the IGBP PAGES Pole-Equator-Pole Project is very alive, with its first summary report volume published in 2000. I often convened topical sessions (or attend) AMS, ASLO, AGU and AAAS and selected foreign symposia/meetings each year, following my interests in marine ecological consequences of essay climate variations. Vs Thesis? I am a member of the latter three organizations, as well as a Life Member of the Oceanography Society. I was an should have, invited participant at the Benguela Ecology Program's 1986 conference on The Benguela and Comparable Ecosystems, as well as the International Symposium on Long-term Variation of Pelagic Fish and essay, their Environment, held in Japan in November 1989; the International Symposium on Operational Fisheries Oceanography, held in Newfoundland in October, 1990: The Nova Scotian Longliner's Conference, 1991, the Benguela Trophic Functioning Symposium held in Cape Town in September 1991 and the 1993; the Latin American Colloquium on Marine Sciences in essay should have, Coquimbo, Chile, in October 1991, the Canadian Society of Zoologist's Symposium on Conservation Issues, in physical education term papers, Spring, 1996, in St. John's, NFLD, a special AAAS session on Applied Science in the Coastal Regime, San Jose, CA, summer 1996. Fisheries and biological oceanographic data that can also be useful to climate consequences research are abundant, but under utilized.

This is primarily due to these data being inaccessible. Hidden data preclude rational management. In the recent decades since I left FAO I have participated in several international panels and workshops to essay have define climate related consequences in of anthem for doomed youth, fisheries and marine ecological contexts. Among these the following have produced reports to which I have made contributions: IOC/SCOR Working Group 65 workshop about on and offshore exchanges of energy and material flows, Tiburon, California in April 1986; Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria during June/July 1986; I wrote background materials for the initial Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Reports, which were combined with other materials by Dr. John Everett of NOAA NMFS, US representative to IPPC Working Group 2. I am continuing to support Dr. Everett's IPPC activities.

There is a separate IPCC Section on Climate Change and Fisheries in the Second Report. Both of us abandoned the IPCC activities after the second report came out, simply because the IPCC SPMs were not at all representing what was being presented by many of the more involved, skeptical field scientists - but merely focused on model driven funding games players. I have also participated in UNEP workshops on Climate and ENSO, as well as regional Climate Consequences discussions, in Bangkok, and Hanoi in 1991, and at NCAR in Boulder, Colorado in 1992. I convened a joint EPA/Texas Institute of essay have Oceanography and NOAA workshop was held in Galveston Texas, 8-12 January, 1990, Climate Change and Ocean Processes: What are the Consequences? I wrote the FAO Department of Fisheries Position Paper on Climate Change, in consultation with my colleagues at FAO, in essay, preparation for the UNCED in essay should, Brazil, in gilbert quizzer essay, June, 1992. I have been corresponding with Leonid Klyashtorin of VNIROV (Moscow) for several years, once we discovered our common interests in both climate regime issues, fishery ecosystem responses and fisheries consequences. In learning about his research and colleagues' expertise in climate forecasting applications, I introduced Klyashtorin and essay should, these ideas and gilbert workshop, methods To FAO colleagues, and they asked him to Write it up - I was asked to should have do the analysis of anthem for doomed essays, final English editing for that Report - and on it went. Have? I had Klyastorin invited to PFEL in Pacific Grove, as Visiting Scientist for 6 months in 2002 - and introduced him to James Goodridge, retired California State Climatologist.

Once exposed to Klyashtorin and colleagues insights, Goodridge has examined several hypotheses relating such variables as the Earth's Rotation Rate (-LOD) to analysis for doomed youth essays sea level pressure differences between Tokyo and San Francisco, re-inventing what we now know as the essay should, Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Quizzer Essay? Once Goodridge was exposed to the PDO studies of Steven Hare and Nathan Mantua, he focused on essay should, the correspondence of specific regional California precipitation patterns and the Vangenheim-Girs Atmospheric Climate Indices (ACI E-W ACI-C), and is presently developing a more specific series of such relationships. Working with Klyashtorin, Goodridge and George Taylor - Oregon State Climatologist - I have prepared posters and presentations for the PACLIM Conferences since the late 1980s - and the 1998 PICES Climate Fisheries Conference - that integrate our interpretations of climate-driven physical processes and peace religion essay, ecological responses. Abstracts and essay should have, descriptive notes about these posters and presentations were prepared and published in the annual proceedings of these conferences. I sent Klyashtorin home to write a book, - Cyclic Climate Changes and Fish Productivity - that he co-wrote with Alexey Lyubushin- and vs thesis, published in essay have, Russian in 2005 - I did the final English editing of the English translation, which was published in 2007 - and is available online FREE http://narod.yandex.ru/100.xhtml?alexeylyubushin.narod.ru/Climate_Changes_and_Fish_Productivity.pdf Leonid Klyashtorin died in February 2013, after giving his last presentation at VNIROV - where he worked for 38 years - on essay tennessee williams, Arctic Ice. His son Alexey is essay translating that presentationinto Englis, and will pass it on to me - so that I can get it out into the western world's knowledge. Related Special Interests:

Both understanding and in school 2015, situ data are required in order to relate climate information (seasonal weather) to societally relevant consequences. Facilitating this has become my principal focus in recent years. Following the decades-long indulgences in statistical correlations utilizing SST in climate and fisheries research, and the near uselessness and indefensibility of the results from conventional stock assessment activities, fisheries are in decline worldwide. Little or no forecastive capabilities exist amongst conventional fisheries trained scientists, or their tools, given that fish live in an ever-chaging ocean, not in computers. The issue remains that too little attention has been given to subsurface ocean observations, related climate research, in situ process research, and to the role of have climate-driven ocean variability on aquatic species distributions and abundance changes related to local responses by ecosystems. These studies are crucial to essay interpretation of have fisheries information for religion essay management purposes, as well as to creation of credible climate change scenarios from essay any generation of General Circulation Models.

S TILL WAITING FOR THESE GCMS TO ACTUALLY REPRODUCE HISTORICAL PROCESSES - OR EVEN PASS THE TEST OF VALIDATION OF THEIR PREDICTIONS - SO FAR = NOT CREDIBLE . My graphical/numeric compilations of World Ocean, monthly, one-by-one degree oceanographic data provided access for me and others to education identify probable opportunities for several ocean fisheries. Also, they allow physical dynamic characterization of the more interesting small and essay should, large scale frontal and transition zone fisheries of the world. As I continue to improve its format, the data sets now provide greater insight into the dynamics of the upper ocean than has been generally appreciated. During the recent decade I have tried enhancing desk top computer tools to allow ready access and visualization of physical papers these dynamics. I have also been compiling informative global climate and ocean data sets for evaluations of short and long term trends and comparisons between important regions of the world. Unfortunately, with the onset of GHW Bush's wind-down of funding for essay should empirical ocean obeservations, the vs thesis, quality and essay should, coverage of the observations has declined - or disappeared.

Over the years, I demonstrated these tools and projects to many scientists and decision makers, and the consensus is that they are generally useful for teaching, particularly time series studies and displays of climate processes over large geographic extents, and particularly where monthly/seasonal information sets exists for many years. I use these tools in presentations, to emphasize dynamics. This approach was also applied bt Klaus Wyrtki, while he studied and defined the dynamics of the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool - and inspired many groups around the globe to get back to empirical sciences - Klaus Wyrtki died in February 2013, on my bithday. My early research and publications were diverse and mostly applications of novel techniques or methods for examining the basic assumptions and practices of marine resources related sciences. Topics ranged from basic biochemical genetics, through molecular physiology to the physiological ecology of of anthem for doomed youth pelagic species such as the tunas and delphinid cetaceans, on to ecosystem monitoring for fisheries purposes and management applications. My more recent publications (since 1981) reflect my efforts to compile and disseminate global information about marine ecosystem and fisheries responses to should climate-driven ocean variabilities. I have included below some of these early works, but I have less direct involvement in these research areas now than I once did. However, since the Monterey Bay Aquarium chose to create its Outer Bay exhibit including yellowfin and skipjack tunas, there has been ample opportunity to interact with the vs thesis, limited expertise pool that includes such long-time colleagues as Professors Barbara Block, Dennis Powers, George Somero, and should have, the all-important chief keeper of the exhibit, Charles Farwell. This opportunity and other related activities helped me maintain contact with many of the more innovative researchers in fish genetics, fish aging, and physiological ecology. These topics are indispensable to religion essay understanding fishery variability, and climate related Global ecological responses. I have worked with various components of the have, local city, county and regional government bodies toward the design and implementation of a Central California Environmental Information System that would service the broadest possible suite of analysis for doomed youth essays interests.

I have a long record of working with small expert groups toward resolution of essay should specific applied research problems. I was active in the development of the childhood essay, initial CSUMB Science Curriculum and Planning, and in Staff selection activities since 1993. I was employed by CSUMB in September, 1995 as the Technology and Curriculum Integration Planner to essay should have provide vision, leadership, strategic planning and coordination of a revolutionary plan for essay tennessee williams academic and administrative university-wide Technology-based Curriculum Integration technologies. I officially moved off campus due to Peter Smith's 'sick' approach to essay dwindling the initial goals set by the initial staff and leadership - and I then became semi-retired due to lower back issues - Electrophoretic study of tuna hemoglobins. 1969.

Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Tennessee? 31: 749-755. (MS Thesis). Studies of should have Biochemical Genetics of Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. 1972. (Ph. D. Thesis), University of California at San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

An electrophoretic study of quizzer essay workshop some scombroid fishes and essay should have, related forms. 1973. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 44B :381-388. Mercury in tunas: a review. 1973. High School Competitions? Fish. Bull., U.S., 71(3) :603-615. (with C.L. Peterson and W.L.

Klawe) A comparison of the O2 Dissociation properties of the hemoglobins of some delphinid cetaceans. 1975. Comp. Essay? Biochem. Physiol. 51A :673-681. A comparison of the O2 Dissociation properties of some scombroid hemoglobins.

1975. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 51A :683-691. An energetic model for the exploited yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, population in physical papers, the eastern Pacific Ocean. Essay Have? 1976. Fish. Bull., U.S., 74(1):36-50. Vs Thesis? (with R.C. Francis). Vulnerability of tunas as a function of essay should environmental profiles. (In English and Japanese) In: Maguro Gyokyo Kyogikay Gijiroku, Suisano-Enyo Suisan Kenkyusho (Proceedings of the Tuna Fishery Research Conference, Fisheries Agency - Far Seas Fisheries Research Laboratory, Shimizu, Japan).

1976. Requirements for physical education term papers rigorous evaluation of the genetic structure of essay mobile marine populations [abstract]. International Society for Animal Blood GroupResearch Conference, Dublin, Ireland: 1976. A summary of results and childhood essay, questions derived from studies of biochemical and morphological adaption of tuna-like species and their energetics. In Vernberg, F. John, and A.V. Zhirmunsky (editors), Workshop on Joint USSR-USA Research Program on Physiology and Biochemistry of essay should Marine Animals. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, and high essay competitions, Belle M. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research, University of South Carolina: 1977. Energy for migration in albacore, Thunnus alalunga. 1977. Should? Fish.

Bull., U.S., 75(2) :447-450. with R.C. Dotson. Introduction. pp. 3-5. School? In Sharp, Gary D., and essay should, Andrew E. Dizon (editors), The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. Academic Press,

New York, San Francisco, and London. 1978. The distribution of analysis of anthem for doomed youth red and white swimming muscles, their biochemistry, and the biochemical phylogeny of selected scombrid fishes. pp. 41-78 In: The Physiological Ecology of essay should Tunas. (G.D. Education Papers? Sharp and A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York.

1978. with S.W. Pirages. The relation between heat generation, conservation, and swimming energetics of tunas. pp. 213-232 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and A.E.

Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. with W.J. Vlymen, III. Behavioral and have, physiological properties of tunas and their effects on vulnerability to fishing gear. pp. 397-449 In: The Physiological Ecology of of anthem Tunas. (G.D.

Sharp and should, A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. 1978. Perspectives: the past, present, and future of childhood tennessee tuna physiology. pp.

451-458 In: The Physiological Ecology of Tunas. (G.D. Sharp and should have, A.E. Dizon, eds.) Academic Press. San Francisco and New York. School Competitions? 1978. with A.E. Dizon. A summary of results and should have, questions derived from studies of biochemical and childhood, morphological adaption of tuna-like species and their energetics. In: Vernberg, F. John, and A.V.

Zhirmunsky (editors), Workshop on Joint USSR-USA Research Program on Physiology and Biochemistry of Marine Animals. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, and Belle M. Essay Should Have? Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and CoastalResearch, University of South Carolina: pp. 67-79 and pp.228-229. Areas of potentially successful exploitation of tunas in the Indian Ocean with emphasis on surface methods. Indian Ocean Programme, FAO, Rome, Tech. Reports IOFC/DEV/79/47. 50pp. 1979. Biochemical genetic studies, their value and gilbert quizzer essay, limitations in stock identification and should, discrimination. pp. 131-136 In: Mammals in the Sea, FAO ACMRR Working Party on Marine Mammals, Fish.

Ser. (5) Vol.3. 1981. Colonization: modes of opportunism in the ocean. pp. 125-148 In: Report and Documentation of the Workshop on the Effects of Environmental Variation on the Survival of Larval Pelagic Fishes. (G.D. Sharp, convenor). IOC Workshop Series No. 28, Unesco, Paris. Physical? 1981. Report of the Workshop on Effects of Environmental Variation on the Survival of essay should Larval Pelagic Fishes. pp. 1-47 In: Report and Documentation of the Workshop on the Effects of Environmental Variation on the Survival of Larval Pelagic Fishes. (G.D. Sharp, convenor).

IOC Workshop Series No. 28, Unesco, Paris. 1981. Report on the research status and potential for cod rearing in the North Atlantic. from a meeting of consultants held in Svanøy, Norway, from 2-9 August, 1981. Term Papers? FAO/Norway Trust Funds. Essay Should Have? 13pp. Atlas of Living Resources of the high essay competitions, Sea. FAO Publication. (G.D. Sharp and J.-P.

Troadec, eds.) Fourth Edition. 1981. Foreword to the Symposium. 1982 Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT /Recl. Doc. Sci. CICTA/Colecc. Doc. Essay? Cient. CICAA, VolXVII (SCRS-1981) 2 :431-438. Ocean sciences in essay competitions, support of living marine resources: a report. 1982. Canad. J. Essay Should? Fish. Aq. Sci.

39(7) :1059-1070. (A.Bakun, J.Beyer, D.Pauly, J.G.Pope, and education term papers, G.D.Sharp). Trends in respiratory work and ecological position in the marine ecosystem. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 76A(3): 405-412.

Proceedings of Symposium on Comparative Cardiac Function in essay should have, Lower Vertebrates, B. Tota and O. Poupa, eds. 1983. Neritic systems and fisheries: their perturbations, natural and gilbert quizzer, man induced. pp. Should Have? 155-202 In: Ecosystems of the World: Part 27. Ecosystems of Continental Shelves (H. Postma and J.J.Zijlstra, eds.). Elseviers Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam-Oxford-New York. 1988.

Physics and fish populations: shelf sea fronts and fisheries. pp. 659-682 In: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in analysis of anthem for doomed youth essays, Abundance and have, Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, Sharp, G.D. and J. Csirke, eds. San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish. Rep.

Ser. 291 , vol. 2, with J. Hunter. Modeling Fisheries: What was the question? pp. 1177-1224 In: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, Sharp, G.D., J. Csirke, and S. Religion? Garcia, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish.

Rep. Ser. 291, vol. 3. Tuna fisheries, elusive stock boundaries and illusory stock concepts. 1983 Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. Have? ICCAT /Recl. Doc. Sci. CICTA/Colecc. Term Papers? Doc. Cient. CICAA, Vol XVII (3): 812-829. Ecological efficiency and activity metabolism. pp.

459-474 In: Flows of should Energy and Materials in analysis for doomed, Marine Ecosystems: theory and should have, practice . Analysis? M.J.R. Fasham, ed. Plenum Press. New York and should have, London. 1984. Sharp, G.D. and J. Csirke, eds. 1983: Proceedings of the Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of Neritic Fish Resources, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish. Rep.

Ser. 291 , vols. 2-3. 1294pp. Csirke, J. and G.D. Sharp, eds. Vs Thesis? 1983: Report of the essay, Expert Consultation to Examine the Changes in Abundance and Species Composition of of anthem for doomed Neritic Fish Resources, San Jose, Costa Rica, 18-29 April 1983. FAO Fish.

Rep. Essay Should? Ser. 291 , vol 1. 100pp. Climate and fisheries : Cause and effect and of anthem for doomed essays, the quest for elusive time series. 1986. pp. 180-182 In: The Human Consequences of 1985's Climate Conference (preprint volume) Held 4-7 August 1986, Ashville, North Carolina. American Meteorological Society. Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects related to development of fisheries monitoring and forecasting systems. Prepared for: Report of the Task Force Meeting on have, Policy-Oriented Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria, 30 June-2 July 1986. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). An Ecological Framework for Marine Fishery Investigations.

1987. FAO Tech. Paper 283. 152 pp. (with John F. Caddy), available in childhood essay williams, English and Spanish. Climate and Fisheries: cause and effect or managing the long and short of it all. Essay? 1987. In: The Benguela and Comparable Ecosystems. (Payne, A.I.L., J.A. Gulland and K.H.

Brink, eds.) So. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 5 :811-838. Climate and Fisheries: Cause and Effect - A system review. 1991: pp. High School Competitions 2015? 239-258. In: Long-term Variability of essay Pelagic Fish Populations and Their Environment. (T. School 2015? Kawasaki, S. Should Have? Tanaka, Y. Toba and A. Taniguchi, eds.) Pergamon Press, Tokyo.

Opportunities in Applied Oceanography in analysis of anthem youth essays, the California Current. 1991. pp. 2136-2146. Have? In: Coastal Zone ’91 (Proceedings of the Seventh Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Management) Orville T. Gilbert Essay? Magoon, (editor), Hugh Converse, (editor), Virginia Tippie, (editor), L. Thomas Tobin, (editor), and Delores Clark, (editor), 3978 pp., 4 vols. Climate Change, the Indian Ocean Tuna Fishery, and Empiricism.

1992: pp. 377-416 In: Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries. M.H. Glantz, ed., Cambridge University Press. Fishery Catch Records, ENSO, and Longer Term Climate Change as Inferred from Fish Remains From Marine Sediments. Should? 1992 : PP. 379-417 In: Paleoclimatology of El Niño - Southern Oscillation, H. Diaz and V. Markgraf, eds., Cambridge University Press. Pieces of the Puzzle: Anecdotes, Time Series and Insights.

1993. Education Term Papers? In: Benguela Trophic Functioning Symposium, (A.I.L. Payne, et al. eds.) So. African J. Mar. Have? Sci. 12 :1079-1992.

Comments on the global ocean observing capabilities, indicator species as climate proxies, and the need for physical papers timely ocean monitoring. Essay Should? 1993. Essay Competitions 2015? Oceanography, 5(3) :163-168. Sharp, G.D. and D.R. McLain. Fisheries, El Niño-Southern Oscillation and upper ocean temperature records: an eastern Pacific example. Should? 1993. Oceanography, 6(1) : 13-22. Sharp, G.D. and D.R.

McLain. Recruitment in Flatfish: Lines for Future Research. Vs Thesis? 1994. Netherl. J. Sea Res. 32(2) :227-230. Its About Time: new beginnings and old good ideas in fisheries science. 1995. Fisheries Oceanography. 4(4) :324-341. Arabian Sea Fisheries and Their Production Contexts.

1995. Essay? pp. 239-264 In: Arabian Sea Oceanography and Fisheries, Karachi, Pakistan. Skipjack velocity, dwell time and tennessee williams, migration. 1996. Fisheries Oceanography, 5(2) :100-113. R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp. The Oceanography of the Indonesian Archipelago. 1996.

Chapter 2, In: Fisheries of the essay should, South China Sea and the Indonesian Archipelago, Pauly and Matsubroto, eds. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines. Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. 1997. pp. Physical Papers? 731736. In: Proceedings of the Second World Fisheries Conference, Brisbane, Australia. Should? Hancock, Smith, Grant and Beumer, eds. Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management, 1996, CSIRO, Australia.

Environmental Time Series and North Pacific Fisheries, Presentation at PICES meeting, October 1994, Seattle, Washington. The Oceanography of the high competitions 2015, Indonesian Archipelago, pp. Essay Should Have? 7-14. In: Fisheries of the South China Sea and of anthem for doomed youth essays, the Indonesian Archipelago, Pauly and should, Matsubroto, eds. ICLARM, Manila, Philippines.

1996. Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. School Essay 2015? pp731-736. In: Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and essay have, management. Hancock, Smith, Grant and Beumer, eds. CSIRO, Australia. 1997. The Case for Dome-Shaped Response Curves by Fish Populations. Vs Thesis? 1998. . Pp. 503-524 In: Global Versus Local Changes In Upwelling Systems, edited by M-H Durand, P. Cury, R. Essay Should? Mendelsshon, C. Roy, A. Bakun, and D. Pauly.

Report from CEOS Workshop, Monterey, California, September, 1994. Vs Thesis? ORSTOM Editions, Paris. The Past Present and Future of Fisheries Science; Refashioning a Responsible Fisheries Science, 2000. Essay Should Have? pp207-262 In: Fisheries Oceanography: an integrative approach to fisheries ecology and management, P.J. Harrison and Timothy R. Parsons, eds. Blackwell Science, UK. Tuna Oceanography ­ An Applied Science. 2001. pp.345-390 In: TUNA: PHYSIOLOGY, ECOLOGY EVOLUTION, B.Block and E.D. Stevens, eds.

Academic Press, San Diego. Neoclassical Economics and Fisheries. 2001. Analysis Youth? pp61-79 In: Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference. with Charles A.S. Hall. Growth Rate and Recruitment: Evidence from year-class strength in the year-to-year variation in the distributions of otolith weight, fish weight, and fish length in Hoplostethus atlanticus. Essay Should Have? R.W. Gauldie and G.D. Sharp. Religion Essay? 2001. Vie et Milieu, 51(4): 267-287. Neoclassical Economics and Fisheries, 2007.

G.D. Sharp, C.A.S. Hall. pp 423-441 In: Making World Developement Work, (G.Leclerc and CAS Hall, eds.) University of should have New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. Climate-Related Ocean Ecological Responses - Forecasting for Proactive Resource Management, talk and Abstract @ AGU, Honolulu, Hawaii, February 15, 2002. Now That We Know - What Do We Do About Regime Shifts and essay tennessee williams, Fisheries Management? PACLIM, Asilomar, March 3-6, 2002. Future climate change and regional fisheries: a collaborative analysis.

2003, FAO Fisheries Department, Rome, published in FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 452, and available online. Ocean fisheries, and aquatic ecosystems - in response to daily, seasonal and climate scale forcing, GD Sharp, LB Klyashtorin, G.Taylor, J. Should? Godridge, and J. O'Brien. February 2004, ASLO/TOS, Honolulu, Hawaii. The Applied Science of Fisheries Oceanography, G.D. Sharp. February 2004, ASLO/TOS, Honolulu, Hawaii. Recent Invited Talks, Book Reviews and Presentations: Climate and fisheries : Cause and effect and essay, the quest for should elusive time series. pp. 180-182 In: The Human Consequences of 1985's Climate Conference (preprint volume) Held 4-7 August 1986, Ashville, North Carolina. American Meteorological Society.

Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects in energy flows among coastal and offshore areas. Presented at the SCOR WG 65 workshop on Coastal/ Offshore Exchange, held in Tiburon, Calif.,7-11 April 1986. Climate and fisheries: Causes and effects related to development of fisheries monitoring and forecasting systems. Prepared for : Report of the Task Force Meeting on Policy-Oriented Assessment of Impact of Climate Variations, held in Laxenburg, Austria, 30 June-2 July 1986. High 2015? International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). Climate and Fisheries: Cause and should, effect, or managing the long and short of it all.

Keynote presentation in the session on Harvesting in Complex Systems, of the Benguela 86 Symposium, held in Cape Town, South Africa, 8-12 September, 1986. Program Review Team member. Climate and fisheries: Cause and Effect, long and short term patterns and processes. Presented at the Fourth PACLIM Workshop on Climate Variability of the Eastern North Pacific and Western North America, 23-26 April, 1987, Pacific Grove, California. I have attended and participated in the annual Pacific Climate Conference, held at Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California, providing posters and computer demonstrations, since 1987. Resource Management In Whole Systems Contexts, Contracted Resource Document for FAO/Japan Workshop on Fisheries and World Food Security. CLIMATE CHANGE AND OCEAN PROCESSES: WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES? A Report: Summary of information from vs thesis January 1990 workshop presentations by Roger Y. Anderson, Robert Chervin, Vern Derr, Henry Diaz, J.O.Fletcher, Dennis King, Brad Linsley, and Robert Webb at Texas AM University, Galveston, TX.

G.D. Sharp, Rapporteur. Pieces of the Puzzle: Climate Change and Ocean Fisheries presentation at the 11th Semana do Pesca, Horta, Faizal, Azores, March 1991. Arabian Sea Fisheries, Climate Change, and Regional Patterns. National Fisheries Institute, Karachi, Pakistan, September, 1993. Review Team Member for Flatfish Symposium, Texel, Nederlands, October, 1993. Participated in the OPEN project review at the University of British Columbia in February, 1994. Participated in the NSF GLOBEC Northeastern Pacific Planning Meeting and research review session in February, 1995 , Seattle , Washington. Oceanic Fishes and Physics: Lessons From Fisheries, Presentation and have, Abstract Workshop on Fisheries Oceanography, UBC Fisheries Centre, summer,1995, Invited Speaker Canadian Society of Zoologists, Symposium on Applied Science in Fisheries Management, Memorial University, St.

John's, Newfoundland, May 1996. Workshop on the Status of Global Fisheries Management, November, 1996, Monterey Institute for International Studies, Monterey, California. ENSO and Ecosystems - abstract. (Full Presentation). Colloquium on El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Atmospheric, Oceanic, Societal, Environmental, and vs thesis, Policy Perspectives. 20 July - 1 August 1997 - Boulder, Colorado.

Its About Time: Rethinking fisheries management. Should Have? pp731-736. In: Developing and Sustaining World Fisheries Resources: The state of science and management. Proceedings of the Second World Fisheries Conference, Brisbane, Australia.Hancock, Smith, Grant and high competitions, Beumer, eds. CSIRO, Australia. 1997. The Case for Dome-Shaped Response Curves by Fish Populations. 1998. . Pp. 503-524 In: Global Versus Local Changes In Upwelling Systems, edited by M-H Durand, P. Cury, R. Mendelsshon, C. Should? Roy, A. Bakun, and D. Pauly. Report from CEOS Workshop, Monterey, California, September, 1994. ORSTOM Editions, Paris. Tropical Tunas and the ENSO Cycle, Review of the causes and consequences of Cold Events: the La Niña Summit, a Workshop sponsored by vs thesis, UNUniveristy; National Center for Atmospheric research and UN Environmental Program.

Boulder, Colorado, July 1998. The Past Present and Future of Fisheries Science; Refashioning a Responsible Fisheries Science. pp207-262 In:Fisheries Oceanography: an integrative approach to should have fisheries ecology and management, 2000. Vs Thesis? P.J. Harrison and Timothy R. Parsons, eds. Blackwell Science, UK. Review of Climate and Fisheries related to the Draft Alaskan Groundfish SEIS, by NOAA/NMFS, February, 2001, Alaska Ocean Network. Historical Patterns and Prediction of Climate Change and Fisheries, May 2001. Review of Bristol bay Salmon Research, Dillingham, AK.

PACLIM 2001 Session Leader for essay topic: Solar Influences on Climate, June 2001, Asilomar, Monterey CA. Growth rate and school 2015, recruitment evidence from year-class strength in should have, the year-to-year variation in the distributions of essay otolith weight, fish weight, and fish length in Hoplostethus atlanticus. 2001. Vie et Milieu, 51(4):267-287. R.W. Essay Have? Gauldie and G.D. Sharp. A Brief History of Fisheries Oceanography, 2004. - Draft only.

Projecting Climate Changes and Ecological Responses, May 2007, GD Sharp, D McLain, and LB Klyashtori, PACLIM 24th Conference, Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California. Dean Bavington: Managed annihilation: an unnatural history of the Newfoundland cod collapse. G.D. Sharp. August 2011. Agriculture and Human Values: Volume 28, Issue 3 (2011), Page 457-458.

Out of Fishermen's Hands. G.D. Sharp, M.Ben-Yami and J.R. McGoodwin, 2004. Kwong Fat Printers, Hong Kong 238pp. Recent Posters, Abstracts and Magazine Articles. Climate and Fisheries: Cause and education term, Effect: The formulation of an appropriate fisheries modeling context.

Presented , Abstract. Fall 1988 American Fisheries Society meeting in Toronto. The initiation of a major oceanic tuna fishery from a purely physical basis. Presented at the International Symposium on should, Operational Fisheries Oceanography, 23-27 October, 1989, St. John's, Newfoundland. Poster: Atmosphere, Ocean and Terrestrial Clues to Climate Linkages. Abstract, The Oceanography Society Meeting, St. Petersburg, Fl. March 1991. Graphical presentation of gilbert quizzer essay sources and implications of various data time series derived from sediments, fisheries catch data, and COADS. Long and short term ocean environmental information: context and insight into practical ecological problems.

Abstract, The Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu, HI, June 1991. Session Chair. Pieces of the Puzzle. Coast and Ocean Magazine, Vol.7 (1), February 1991. Atmosphere, Ocean and Terrestrial Clues to Climate Linkages.

The Oceanography Society Meeting, St. Petersburg, Florida, March 1991. (poster and abstract). Long and short term ocean environment information: context and insight into practical ecological problems. Presented at the Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu, Hawaii, June 1991 (abstract only). Climate and Fisheries: cause and effect - ENSO and longer cycles. pp. 387-390 In: Long-Term Variability of Pelagic Fish Populations and Their Environment.

T. Kawasaki, S. Tanaka, Y. Toba and A. Taniguchi, eds. Pergamon Press, Tokyo, Oxford. Poster abstract with K.T. Dorsey and D.R. McLain. 1991. Time Series - Graphical Spread Sheets. Presentation. Abstract, Pacific Congress on should, Marine Science and religion, Technology, June 1992, Kona, Hawaii. Session Chair.

Fisheries and Oceanographic Time Series, poster at PICES meeting, October 1992, Victoria, B.C. Thermal structure time series for selected southern hemisphere ocean regions. Poster for the American Meteorological Society and should, Southern Oceanography Meetings held in Hobart, Tasmania, March 1993. Physical Papers? with K.T. Dorsey and D.R. McLain.

Time series and pelagic fisheries research problems. Invited talk given at CSIRO Fisheries laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania. March 1993. El Niño, Que Pasa? Invited talk for Gulf of Farallones - Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary - San Francisco, December 1998. The Fugue, Poster coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, PICES Beyond Niño Workshop, UC San Diego, March 2000. Climate and Fisheries: Costs and Benefits of Change, Online presentation and manuscript prepared for the IIFET 2000 meeting at essay have Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, July 10-14, 2000. A Brief Review of the History of Fisheries Science and its Relation to Fish Culture, Online presentation and vs thesis, manuscript prepared for the IIFET 2000 meeting at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, July 10-14, 2000. Seminar series on Climate, Ecosystems and Fisheries Management, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, three weeks in Fall 2000. Coping With Climate Change, Based on Historical Experiences - a web OpEd for John Daly's Waiting for Greenhouse website.

Census for should Marine Life, Workshop, Monterey, CA, November 2000. Rapportuer - Oceanography and Data Management Working Group. Forecasting Ocean Ecosystem Responses to Various Climate Clocks, 2000.coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, 65-90 In: Proceedings of the seventeenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. Vs Thesis? West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep.

67 of the Interagency Ecological Program for should have the San Francisco Estuary. The New Regimes: Fish Stories and childhood essay, Society, joint poster on essay should have, long-term consequences of Climate Forcing, coauthored with Leonid Klyashtorin and James Goodridge, PACLIM, Asilomar, April 2001. In: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Rep.69 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary. Now That We Know - What Do We Do About Regime Shifts and Fisheries Management? G.D. Sharp, April 2002.

PACLIM, in Proceedings and Abstracts of the Nineteenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, G.J. West and L.D. Buffaloe, eds., Tech. Term Papers? Rep. 68 of the Interagency Ecological Program for have the San Francisco Estuary. The Way Forward From Uncertainty from Equilibrium Modeling . Gilbert Essay? G.D. Sharp and Leonid Klyashtorin . poster/abstract April 2003 PACLIM, In Proceedings of the 20th Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, Scott Starratt and essay, Nikki L. Blomquist, eds., Tech.

Rep. 72 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the San Francisco Estuary. available on CD-ROM as well. Dynamic Contexts and Fisheries Ecosystem Responses, Abstract from essay tennessee williams presentation - Special Sesssion on Climate and Fisheries, AGU Portland Oregon, January 2004. Ocean fisheries, and have, aquatic ecosystems ­in response to daily, seasonal and school, climate scale forcing. G.D. Sharp, L. Klyashtorin, J. Goodridge, G. Taylor, J. O'Brien. ASLO/TOC Special Session on essay should have, Operational Oceanography - invited speaker. Honolulu, Hawaii, February 2004. Questions have no simple, one-cause/one-effect answers. SPIKED Questionaire: Online.

A Brief History of peace religion essay Applied Fisheries Oceanography - Part II - The Role Of CLIOTOP and TOPP in Revitalizing Ocean Sciences. Invited Speaker, CLIOTOP Session - Ocean Sciences Meeting February, 2006 Honolulu, Hawaii. Projecting Climate Changes and Ecological Responses - Gary D Sharp. Leonid Klyashtorin and Douglas McLain - PACLIM April, 2007 - Asilomar, CA, Scott Starratt, editor - Quaternary International.

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about parents essay One of my favorite things to have do when I was growing up was to go to the store with my dad. It didn’t matter what kind of a store it was. High Essay Competitions! It could be the supermarket, the hardware store, a department store, or even a store selling car parts. I was. okay I still am. Essay Have! quite a Daddy’s girl, and vs thesis, I loved spending time with him even if it meant spending twenty minutes looking at spark plugs. Well, one time when we were at should, the grocery store, the woman who was in quizzer front of us in the checkout lane noticed that. My mom tried to have the talk with me while I was in labor with my daughter, well by then I think she was a little late.

I guess you can say I educated myself about sex and its consequences, I had five children at the age of twenty five and decided have my tubes tide, this was the essay should, only way I knew to be safe from getting pregnant, I couldn’t remember to take the pill every at the same time. And I was allergic to condoms; I didn’t want the depo shot because of the side affects. Childhood Essay Williams! As you. What My Parents Want Me To Be When I Grow Up Essay. Essay Have! it till your parents have found better links in quizzer essay workshop the afterlife. Should Have! Well forget it. You have only just started on the journey to damnation. The worst of it doesn't arrive until you actually understand what their golfing terms mean. At first I thought that playing a few rounds would placate my folks. The constant pressure of their tournament postmortems was getting to me.

Most of analysis youth, my friends' Mothers were asking them when a marriage or grandchildren could be expected. Not mine. My dear old Ma would. Essay about Is It Because Where I Was Raised? Or My Parents? Statistic shows that 19.5 percent of children from the essay, low-income family are afraid to go out in their neighborhood compared to only 8.7 of the children from nonpoor family, which is more than twice the percent (Brooks 59).

The reason behind this is vs thesis, parents are either fearful of their children being influenced from essay should, other children such as learning bad languages and involving in gang members. The 19.5 percent of children who are afraid to go out side are most likely stay home and play with toy or video. weeks and my mom confiscated my phone because I didn’t answer her phone call. I didn’t feel bad because it’s actually my fault if I was really aware of my time I wouldn’t be on that situation and for doomed essays, I still love my parents. Essay Should Have! Most of high school competitions, all, they are strict because of their cultural traditions like when they grew up on their traditional rules and they are kind of doing the same thing to me. My mom used to tell me in should the old days they were more strict than today. Gilbert Quizzer Workshop! Their parents don’t let.

Essay The Struggles of a Single Parent. It's not like my dad had died he was alive and well.However as i grew up to realised he was too scared to play his role,that of a father. No home should be without both parents,a man is always going to essay have play a pivotal role in the home.Every young man need a father figure at some point in there life.The world can be unkind to a youngster needing a father figure.I had to make wise decisions from a tender age,distingishing between good and bad.Prayer was also a key element in my life growing up. know about Asian parents is that they love to party, do karaoke, dance around then afterwards they just talk and talk and talk. Physical Education Term! There was this one time, my mum invited some of her friends over for dinner, and by “some” I mean about 20 people. Anyways if you ever go to my house you’ll find that it’s not the biggest house, so whenever we have people over, it’s like you’re in a sardines can, just waiting to be opened and emptied out. My aunties are there, my uncles, my mum’s friends, my dad’s friends. Ever since the recession parents have become more concerned with their money, including athletics. As a result many parents realize that the finances spent in sports are a huge chunk of the bills at the end of the month. Essay Should! Sports today are not cheap and to compete the best in school youth sports parents think the best trainer will gain an edge for should their child.

Another reason parents feel so tied into the team is there financial payments to the coaching staff for their team. Today parents want their children to. Essay Parent Involvement in School. education. When parents of children living in a household have income above poverty level, parents are more likely to be involved in education term school activities. For example, “in 2011-2012, 45 percent of children living above the poverty line had a parent who volunteered or served on a committee at their child’s school, compared with 27 percent of children living at or below the poverty line” (National Center for have School Engagement)). “A poor or limited personal education might leave the williams, parent lacking in vision. Single Parents on Television Essay. Single parent families are the contemporary families in essay have the land of television. When sitcoms were first aired, the quizzer essay, divorce rate was much lower than it is essay should, today. Now, about half of my friends come from a split-up family. Television is an ever-changing form of essay, media. For instance, many shows can have their episode deal with controversies that have happened over the week.

So when writers realize that the typical American family is no longer a husband, a wife, and essay have, two kids, they change their style. kitchen table with people eating dinner with us who I did not know and school competitions 2015, many of them I would never see again after that night. My mom would always say we don’t have much but what we do have is sometimes way more than what others have. My mother was the strongest person I ever known, who also had the biggest heart. Two years before we found out she only had six months to live my mother kicked breast cancers ass. At least so we thought until the cancer showed back up in her liver and the doctors only. A single-parent must work full time to essay be able to afford to provide for themse lves and their child. They must also be able to vs thesis still have time to offer an should exuberant am ount of emotional time for the well being of their child. However, even though this ma y seem impossible, it can be done. Gilbert Quizzer Essay Workshop! As this subject continues to be looked down on people must realize that single parents are becoming more common in today’ s world. Since 1995 the American family structure for children ages fourteen.

One Parent Homes Versus Two Parent Homes Essay. with their parents are more likely to respect the authority of their parents. The problem with single parent is the fact that usually the single parent does not have the time to help the child develop a close relationship with them. Should! Another problem is a child unable to build a strong relationship with a parent they do not live with and peace essay, often do not see on a regular basis. As far as two parent households compared to one parent households, is that children need both of their parents in the household. Should Have! Why Parents Kill Their Children Essay. far in my search. Vs Thesis! “In altruistic filicide, the parent perceives the killing as being in the child’s best interests” (Child Abuse Review 2012). Essay Should! I believe Andrea Yates was altruistic but her actions were still wrong. Many parents however, kill their children in different types of filicides for other reasons than altruistic ones.. I needed more information on filicides to contrast if men would kill their children like women do, so I next turned to the recent news study about Josh Powell. In my research. citizens. Teachers don’t only teach theories.

A teacher is not only about her lesson plans, her teaching methods, strategies and techniques. Inside and analysis essays, outside the campus, teachers served as the models to their students. A teacher is, as a second parent, about his/her personal character, values, and attitude. A teacher is also about her missionary work which entails a great deal of sacrifice on her part and should have, her family. The teacher measures the achievements and aspirations of the nation. Peace Religion Essay! A teacher. Training the Parent for Sport Essay. supportive position that parents should be, they get so wrapped up in their child’s play that they yell and scream verbal abuse and sometimes get physically abusive.

So in should response to this problem I propose to the coaches that they should require all parents to vs thesis attend mandatory training classes about essay should proper behavior at sporting events, after which they should sign a binding Code of Conduct that if violated would result in a suspension from any sporting event. When parents sign up their children. Vs Thesis! Kindergarten: Reading and Parent Support Essay. most notable result taken from the action research project. The teacher researchers saw marked growth in letter recognition and beginning sounds. This article definitely hit home. Most of essay should have, my students come in August not have ever been to a Pre-K program and most do not speak English, neither do their parents.

Substantial research supports the need for early intervention efforts for students at risk for failure. School Essay Competitions 2015! Despite the documented importance of essay have, early, explicit reading intervention for vs thesis students. Cyberbullying: Are Parents to Blame? Essay. Essay Have! that parents are not aware that their children are either the victims or aggressors of internet bullying. The questions arise on who needs to be blamed. Should parents ignore what their kids do in front of the screens? As argued by wordpress.com (2011), “Making excuses for your teens tech habits are no longer acceptable, you become an enabler to their new-found addiction”. This is an indication that parents need to closely monitor what their children do with the technology devices.

Parents should. easily believe their children’s word. They become more demanding of proof. This means children who lost their parents trust are obliged to offer more evidence of being truthful. Parents, on the other hand, demand more from school essay competitions, their children. They become unsatisfied with mediocre performance and expect their children to be perfect or at least near perfect for them to become believable. When parents lose their trust to their children, they become aloof and estrange.

They don’t talk to should their children when. Essay on vs thesis Parent Child Communication. years, Only Beckett et al. (2010) collected data with parent-child pairs. All studies aimed to examine the influence of timing of parent-child communication about sex and should have, the sexual risk taking. Peace Religion Essay! In measuring timing of parent-child communication about sex, it seems that most studies used timing of should have, discussions compared to the time of gilbert essay, sexual initiation. For example, Hutchinson (2002, page 202) used one yes/ no question asking about ‘did your parents talk to you about sex before you started having sex’ Corporal Punishment and Parents Essay. corporal punishment.

Although it is true that corporal punishment leads to immediate obedience of order of the parent but as soon as children come to know that they are no more in observance of essay should, their parents they do the same thing again. Children become used to being punished and as a result even this short-term compliance also dissipates with time and gilbert quizzer, children give no importance to their parents when they are asking them to avoid something. Moreover, this use of force to stop child from doing something. Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) also known as Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) under the have, leadership of Honorable Corazon “Dinky” Soliman, DSWD Secretary. SOLO PARENT 3 Roberto is a solo parent and a person with multiple disabilities. Gilbert Quizzer Workshop! He was born deaf, mute, and a mild form of cleft lip and palate. He did not experience any formal education due to these disabilities. He works as a helper in a number of essay have, households to clean. How to analysis Care for Aging Parents Essay. of this unknown road such as talking with one’s parents to get hit on their priorities at the elderly age and essay have, emotional attachment to particular items and childhood tennessee, places surrounding them. Secondly, the author guides and advise that one should gather all essential documents in have the custody of the elderly that are of necessity to facilitate the provision of services. Thirdly, researching for the best options available on workshop how to go about caring of one’s parent and finally the author advise that one should organize.

Parents Putting Children in Leashes Essay. person that a child whose parents see fit to put them on a leash probably wants to be kidnapped. The first might then rebut by saying that kidnapping is wrong, under any circumstance. Others believe that putting a leash on a child in a public protects the child while in public. The leash allows the parents to control the child in dangerous situations where the potential for getting separated is high, like an airport. The counter argument that comes up is that parents should teach their children. Essay on The Prisoner#x27;s Wife: Incarcerated Parents. child with a incarcerated man however, the child and many other children have no choice in who their parents are. In recent years the number of incarcerated parents have doubled. What happens to these children who's mothers are left solely responsible while the fathers are off serving a bid in prison.Growing concern in recent years over the health and well being of children of incarcerated parents has increased research.

This research focuses on the well being and the development , living situations. Involving Parents in Child#x27;s Education Essay. Parents and have, students are allowed access to this information anytime of the day. This stops the childhood williams, late night phone calls to other students or the teacher with questions of the work due the next day. It is an easier way to have keep parents involved in their child’s education without the hassle of having parent-teacher conferences. “A teacher, Margie Robinson, helped her students and their parents by setting up a homework and classroom Web site. Physical Papers! On this site the parents could access the homework and. Pediatric Oncology Support Group for Parents and Families Essay. I should also be positive that all the individual needs can be met within this group, if not, I would have to refer them to other services that would meet their specific needs.

In this case, the parents would need to essay have call for prior screening and information about the analysis of anthem for doomed, start date of the group or putting their names on have a list for future groups. Every member must agree to meet for the set time and making their commitment on attending each meeting because another’s experience may actually help someone. Should There Be a License to Become a Parent? Essay. has ended up working as a domestic helper in the latter’s home in vs thesis Lahore. In the southern Punjab town of Vehari, Ghazala Bibi, once stood at essay should, a city square for over seven hours, seeking “buyers” for her three children. “My husband is essay, a drug addict and I can no longer manage to feed my children,” Ghazala, a domestic worker, said. This is the story of almost every lower class family in rural and essay should, urban areas of Pakistan, yet the idea of having proper finance and religion essay, parenting training before having children. The effects of parents’ divorce on children Essay. children become the essay should have, members of single-parent family (ellington cheryl).

Unilateral divorce negatively affects offspring’s well-being in future. It clearly shows that children from divorced family have lower attainments compared with children from intact families (dp3342). Analysis For Doomed Youth! In addition, Sampson (1996) states that dissolution of family leads to essay an increase amount of stealing and for doomed essays, assassination, particularly among minors. Children’s reactions After separation of should, parents children experience great changes. We didnt tell family until Christmas Day. Most of my family was happy for me, but some of them were a little doubtful that I would stop the nonsense I had gotten myself into. And indeed I did. I moved back home with my parents, and I started my life all over again. I was a brand new person, and in vs thesis less then 8 months, my life was going to change even more.

On August 9, 2006 my son was born. He was the most beautiful baby boy I had even layed eyes on. He was so special, and have, he had to be sent from. Parents in College Have to Juggle Responsibilities Essay. successful in of anthem youth their life,” Jones said. Essay! Katrice Smith, a single parent of two children, 11-year- old Kierra and 11-month- old Kyla, is in essay williams the respiratory therapy program at CPCC. “It’s not an should have easy thing to be a parent and a student at the same time,” said Jones. Smith, 28, lives with grandparents who sometime help take care of the children. She works full time and comes to school part time. “I have a choice, she said, “to extend my education or become part of the system of welfare which I feel. Peace Religion Essay! The Pressure Put on essay Children by Their Parents to Be the Best Essay. believe that is all true because before I went to college, my parents really were pushing me towards good colleges, but I am also glad that they did because I ended up in a college that I was wanting to attend. But, sometimes parents can take it too far and all of this pressure can sometimes also cause the student to over worry and be anxious not to do well in school, but in other cases it can cause the vs thesis, student to do better because the parents care so much about their success.

According to have mayrameza45. Essay about Dating and physical education term papers, the Single Parent. If you “have extreme differences in parenting styles” (151) you need to stop dating. This counselor would agree. Raising children is a very hard job when you agree; however, when you disagree children tend to play one parent off the have, other causing conflict between the parents. You need to remember you are not only marrying the person, but also the children. Vs Thesis! Another red light could be the ex-spouse. If he/she causes constant trouble, you will be in constant turmoil in the new marriage and will need. Essay Should Have! that fit my standards or my budget.

When I finally came to terms with the facts that I just wants going to be able to high essay competitions move back to Cleveland and live on should have my own I settled on the decision to school essay competitions move back to my parents. I was weary about my decision to move back in have with my parents but I knew my current living situation was not tolerable for any longer period of of anthem for doomed youth, time. I was so busy packing my life away and caught up in the drama with my current roommate I barely thought about should have how drastic my life would. speak to my mother in a more official and basic way thus the variation in spoken language between my sister and my mother is due to me wanting to adapt to analysis of anthem essays the way my friends and the younger generation of my family use the aspects of music to express their feelings. I also used “YOLO” to strengthen the should have, connection between me and gilbert workshop, my sister so that she would know that we have a lot of things in common in essay have terms of understanding general teenage knowledge. I do not use slang when conversing with my parents. Outcomes for Children of Incarcerated Parents Essay. of a parent. These effects include the nature of a family’s living arrangements prior to tennessee williams incarceration.

It stands to reason that many children of incarcerated parents were living with non-parental caregivers prior to the incarceration of a parent. Have! It is proposed that an average of essay, half of inmate parents actually lived with their children before admission to should prison. Other effects include the developmental level of the child and childhood essay williams, the quality of the relationship between incarcerated parent and child. Parents: Confidant vs Enforcer Essay. and it is the parents’ duty to change that. Contrasting, it is essay should, true that some of those of this generation are environmentally conscious, activists and hold themselves and others in high regard, as they should. Understandably, all parents want their children to do well in school so they can become successful adults.

But where does the childhood williams, line blur when it comes to essay should being a concerned and overbearing? Many teenagers drop out of school not only due to vs thesis the curriculum, but to their parents’ overbearing nature. Essay Have! Effects of Children with ADHD on Parents Essay. first and foremost but, what about the parent? A child growing up on an normative developmental track is hard work for any parent, but what about a parent of a child growing up on essays a abnormal developmental track? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is hard for a child, but it can be much harder on essay have a parent who must do what is right for the welfare of the child and what is right for of anthem for doomed essays them and the family unit as a whole. There is a huge burden placed on the parents from when the child is in preschool.

Parent Involvement in essay Literacy Development Essay. In the williams, third stage selected parents from stage two would be trained to act as community tutors. These parents would train other parents as well. According to Cairney and Munsie, their study contained 9 major themes all focused around the positive impact the study had on essay should parents, children, and schools. Parents reported that the program positively changed the way they would interact with their children, the program offered parents new strategies, as well as new recourses and use libraries more. Parent-Adolescent Communication (Reaction Paper) confrontational tactics like telling them to physical stop invading our privacy and/or evasive tactics like hiding our personal belongings or using the phone when they are not around or outside the house. However, it is essay have, not yet clear to others how we respond to parents’ direct request for personal information.

To figure this out, Michelle Mazur and vs thesis, Amy Hubbard conducted a research concerning topic avoidant responses and how frequently we use them. Results showed that relationship issue, dating experiences, school. Essay on Are Single Parent Families Dysfunctional? families are often just as competent as those in essay two parent families. It is necessary to examine and evaluate the vs thesis, research into these types of families to determine if indeed they may be detrimental to the development of should have, children as single parent families continue to increase. If it is concluded that these families do hinder development, the assumptions that have always been made that dictate that two parent families are better than single parent families will be deemed correct and further, measures. for the process of education to occur properly, financial support is needed. Technology, food, new classrooms, and a multitude of other supplies are necessary for analysis of anthem for doomed youth students to learn with ease and essay have, comfort. However, all of gilbert quizzer essay workshop, these supplies cost money.

Parents, politicians, and essay should have, the government must help schools get the money they need by either donating what they can or advocating for high essay 2015 their school system. How can the public expect students to learn and succeed if they are stuck in old, dirty classrooms and. Have! Essay on Communications Between Parents and workshop, Children. Should Have! development of the quizzer essay workshop, child and the long-term relationship between child and parent, it seems to should explain some of the withdraw behaviors many teens experience. When a child reaches the age of sexual maturity many parents begin to retract or reduce their hugging and touching. There is the point of morality and a very fine line that can be crossed, and there is the point of awkwardness that seems to be more the gilbert quizzer essay, case. Many parents feel awkward in trying to show their love for their child and still respect. Success comes from hard work, energy, dedication, and essay have, a support system. My mother is one of my biggest support systems and examples. During my first semester at college, my goal was to earn an A as a grade in my Anatomy and Physiology class for multiple reasons. Physical Term! One reason was because I strive for great grades, and after I received a grade I was not happy with, my mother was there to boost up my morale and to should encourage me to try different studying methods that would be beneficial in the course. active for a number of years doing odd carpenter jobs. Mom kept active in church and community work.

I took my schooling at Orpington for grades 1 to 8. I enjoyed playing ball, prisoner's base and smoking behind the of anthem, barn. After school was out for the day, i helped mom and dad on the farm. Farming has changed over the years, as it does not involve the should have, manual labor that our parents knew. My parents immigrated to Canada in gilbert quizzer essay 1937, along with many other people, to claim land and Canada as their new home. Mom. My main emphasis in teaching will be to grasp the student’s interest. In my opinion, if a student is interested in what they are learning, and essay have, their work, their knowledge will expand. I want the material that I teach to become as interesting as television for the students. The way that I teach the children will help them to enjoy learning In return this may help them to enjoying learning throughout their lives, causing them to have a more successful school career. My belief is that the best way to.

the best possible education, cooperation and childhood essay tennessee williams, collaboration between the parents and the teachers on a regular basis is necessary. Proper interaction between parent and teacher ensures that everyone is essay have, working toward a common goal for the child. As with academics, I also believe the childhood, same applies to should have discipline. Education Papers! I don't believe children are born either entirely good or entirely bad. A child's behavior is influenced by should, his parents' action and reactions to situations, the actions (and again reactions) Essay about My Family: My Mother, My Role Model. do for the rest of my life. Guess who was there for me? Who was there to help me? Of course my mom, and for that I admire her. My mother is a wise, smart and educated person, she has two masters degree and for me she’s an example of essays, what intelligent person should be like. Sometimes she comes home tired from work, and she still makes time for essay her family.

She makes sure that we have done our homework and gilbert essay, is always making sure we have everything that we need. I learned from my mother that if I work. back in 1993, one cold night in Bloomington, IL, I watched my father brutally beat my mother. I stood there helpless and unable to protect my mother. As time went on the beatings and abuse became worse. Finally, my mother had enough and essay should have, called the police. Peace Essay! I was in the 3rd grade when my mother and father divorced. I really didn’t understand why I didn’t see my father anymore.

I began to have so much hatred toward my mother. I started blaming my mother for his absence. I began to essay have act out, using drugs. Growing Up In A Single-Parent Family Essay. are aware of how to deal with emergencies without mom or dad being there to help them. Children are more mature in a single-parent working family because they need to be.

Second, in a single-parent working family, children tend to be much more realistic than children who live in a two parent family. Children growing up in a single parent family know that marriage is not a fairy tale and analysis of anthem youth, is definitely not perfect or for that matter even close to being perfect.. They.

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Encouraging Words - Four Inspirational Essays to Help You Cope with Your Divorce. Updated: September 26, 2014. Gratitude is thought to essay should have be the most healing emotion we possess. Musician Gloria Estefan wrote the hit song “Coming Out of the Dark” as an expression of gratitude to those who supported her following her serious car accident in 1990. She believes that she became stronger through adversity and today is committed to physical giving back to others. When you take time to essay should extend gratitude to those you love, life can’t help but brighten: your focus will change, and you will feel happier, healthier, and vs thesis, more alive. After many experiences that have tested me throughout my life, I have come to the conclusion that the purpose of adversity is to essay have teach us and make us stronger. If we are never challenged, we cannot grow spiritually, mentally, and emotionally. I’m even thankful for those who have tried to cause me harm because they taught me patience and compassion. I also firmly believe that “thoughts create reality.” I work very hard to make sure my thoughts are positive and vs thesis, focus on essay should have the way I want my life to be rather than simply accepting, on the surface, what appears to be my destiny. The song “Coming Out of the Dark” was written to thank the countless people who loved and supported me through a very difficult time after a bad accident I had in gilbert essay, 1990 that left me paralyzed from the waist down.

I “felt” people’s prayers as a physical energy surrounding me and used their beautiful intentions in my daily healing process. I truly believe all those incredible vibrations of should have unconditional love were instrumental in a recovery that my doctors called “no less than miraculous.” I think as we learn more about the incredible healing capabilities that we all possess, miracles will become more and more commonplace. To me, “Spirit” is the essence of “All” there is. I believe we are each a “fragment” of what most of us call “God.” Because of this, we have boundless possibilities and creativity. I like to essay think of my spirit as a tree made up of roots, trunk, boughs, and leaves. My spirit is the entire tree, whereas this life that I’m living now may be perhaps only a leaf on that tree, living a completely different reality from all the other parts.

By going inward, as in meditation, I try to access the entire memory of the tree in all its collective yet different experiences. I try to connect with the higher self that is more in tune to should have the “Big Picture.” I think the beauty of music is that it is a combination of different “vibrations.” Since we are all pure energy, we are touched by childhood, music almost as if it goes “through” us. Have! It doesn’t really matter what language the lyrics are in, in order for childhood music to essay should have make us “feel” something. My lyrics also touch on subjects that unite us rather than divide. They usually deal with emotions that are prevalent in all our different cultures and races. Creativity is analysis of anthem for doomed youth essays one of the most rewarding ways to connect with our sense of spirit. My most fulfilling moments have come when another person tells me that my song helped them through a crisis or made them feel happy. I’ve been told on more than one occasion that a certain song I wrote stopped someone from essay have committing suicide or helped them re-establish a bond with a loved one. What more could anyone ask than to affect someone’s life without even having met them? It’s wonderful to know that there are certain things in existence that are here because we are here.

I see the entertainment industry creating something close to “Mass Meditation.” That’s why it’s important that we supervise the violent content that our children are exposed to on a daily basis. These things desensitize us and allow for far more “possibilities” to quizzer be acted out. As creative beings, we will create both in have, the positive and negative spectrums. I am committed to giving back because it is what fulfills me the most. I am most happy when I can make someone else happy. I try to instill a sense of responsibility in my children as well, so they see how fortunate we are to be able to help others. Education! I think that the more we become aware that we are all collectively creating the should, “realities” on this earth, the quicker we will be able to essay tennessee affect positive change. Essay! If we realize that we are all connected and childhood essay tennessee williams, never alone, regardless of how things might “look” to us, we will feel more responsible for should each other’s happiness. I believe we are here not only to enjoy the wonderful and delicious experiences available to us in this physical world, but also to education learn love each other unconditionally.

After all, what else is there of essay should have any real value? International superstar Gloria Estefan is one of the most successful crossover artists in the world, with over 70 million albums sold worldwide. Among her many honors, she was the first Hispanic woman to be named BMI songwriter of the peace, year, was inducted into essay should the Songwriters Hall of Fame and is an American Music Award Lifetime Achievement recipient. She was also awarded the. Ellis Island Congressional Medal of Honor for her philanthropic work. Gloria lives with her son Nayib, daughter Emily, and husband Emilio in. Miami.

This essay was excerpted with permission from the book Chorus of Wisdom by permission of education term papers Ulysses Press and Estefan Enterprises, Inc. Getting some perspective on your situation can make all the difference, says life coach and author Cheryl Richardson . As painful and have, as deeply difficult as divorce can be, if approached in a conscious way, it can also be an extraordinary way for someone to religion change the course of have their life, she says. Whenever we're going through an emotionally difficult time, one of the first things to physical term go out the window is perspective -- particularly with divorce. It's so easy to get caught up in the emotional drama, to make up stories in our heads about have what the other person thinks or what they're doing to us, rather than stay focused on the reality of the essay, situation. Gaining a higher perspective can turn this tendency around. Things may be lousy right now, but you can also recognize that in the future, you can use this experience to your advantage.

On a practical level, gaining perspective also helps to circumvent the emotional battering that goes on between two people that hurts both the people involved and their children. It's in everyone's best interest for you to work on getting a higher, more spiritual perspective. I believe each person who comes into our life, whether for a brief moment or for years and years, does so for a reason. If you ask yourself some very specific questions, you will begin to experience your divorce through the lens of grace. Ask yourself: If this person were sent to teach me something, what would he or she be teaching me? By asking yourself that question (or maybe having a friend do so, to give you a more objective perspective), you will have an opportunity to essay have identify lessons, life skills, or qualities of childhood essay tennessee character that need to be developed as a result of your interaction with this person. Looking at should it from both sides is of anthem also really helpful. Let's imagine that you made an essay should have, agreement with this person before either of you were even born to support each other's development. How are you being challenged to grow? This exercise also puts you in the other person's shoes, which is always a great place to be when you're negotiating -- and childhood essay tennessee williams, you're always negotiating when you re going through divorce, whether it seems like it or not. For example, let's say every time you set a boundary with your ex about when he can come to essay should the house or how he can speak to you, he breaks it.

Maybe the workshop, lesson he's here to teach you is how to stand up for yourself, how to set realistic boundaries and how to back up those boundaries with action. At the should have, same time, you may be teaching him an important lesson about vs thesis respecting other people's space, time, and energy. In doing so, you're setting him (and yourself) up to have better relationships in the future. Another question might be: What life skill is this situation challenging me to develop? Divorce can provide many such life skills, for example, learning to follow something through from beginning to end; not letting your emotional state prevent you from taking actions that are important to your self-care and the care of your family; and patience. The other question I recommend involves imagining yourself ten years from now, looking back on essay your divorce.

What wisdom would you take from that experience? Know that the childhood, most powerful learning opportunities often come from our greatest challenges. That's why divorce provides us with such an incredible opportunity for positive growth. While it's often a deeply painful experience, the should have, right perspective helps us make a blessing out of for doomed essays what feels like a curse. One word of caution: seeing your partner as a positive catalyst for change doesn't mean you don't have a right to should have feel anger or pain.

As a matter of fact, it may be important for for doomed youth you to vent your powerful emotions as they come up before continuing to do any work on gaining a new perspective. Your willingness to honor and express all of your feelings is a vital act of extreme self-care. Here are some other examples: Make sure you have a safe place to vent the essay have, full expression of williams your feelings -- and it cannot be your ex. Find someone who can truly be present and listen to you without offering advice or hooking into the drama -- someone who truly has your best interest at heart and can allow you to essay just show up and express how you feel as fully as possible.

Maybe at the very most, they may mirror back what you're saying and how you feel, but without adding any of their own commentary. This process will allow you to deal with your ex in a less charged way. This person could be a colleague, trusted friend, therapist, or spiritual mentor. The goal is to vs thesis give yourself a place to express your feelings so you don't incite a lot of problems. Make a list of self-comforting strategies, all those little things you do that make you feel nurtured and comforted and essay should have, safe. This could be taking a warm bath with essential oils, finding a really good novel to keep by your bed and allowing yourself to just purely escape into it on analysis of anthem youth a regular basis, or renting your favorite movies. Essay! It can be helpful to choose a tear-jerker that will let you have a good cry. Gilbert Quizzer Essay! Crying while watching a movie can be a wonderful release. We tend to essay have shy away from peace essay tears, but tears are a good thing.

Crying is the essay have, soul's way of communicating with us: it helps us move through the healing process in a more efficient, effective way. Get out into childhood essay williams nature. Should! The beauty of religion essay nature is balm for wounded soul. It's a really important part of the essay should, healing process. Find a place in essay, nature that will comfort and soothe you and visit it often. Identify a strong ally who can prop you up and fuel your courage. This is different than the should have, safe-place friend. Choose someone who is less emotional than you -- someone with a great reputation for standing up for him or herself.

A lawyer can play this role, or a friend, colleague or someone in a divorce support group. Education Term Papers! This person can help you see when you need to take a stand for yourself. You need an assertive person who will tell the truth with grace and love. Consult with a therapist. If you're going through a divorce and you've never experienced the benefits of counseling, now might be the time to should have do just that.

A talented and compassionate therapist can be such an analysis for doomed, incredible gift of essay self-care. Be sure to interview the therapist beforehand. Ask about their experience in dealing with divorce and how they might support someone like you in gilbert, working through the process. You want to choose someone you feel excited about working with. Lastly, take hope: in essay should, working with people who have gone through the vs thesis, painful breakup of a relationship, I've seen time and time again that it's ultimately seen as a blessing in disguise, particularly for the person who uses it as an opportunity to grow and evolve as a human being. When you find a higher perspective, you, too, can use this painful experience to your advantage. Cheryl Richardson is the author of the bestselling books Take Time for Your Life, Life Makeovers and Stand Up for Your Life , and the new book, The Unmistakable Touch of Grace . She was the have, first president of the peace essay, International Coach Federation and holds one of their first Master Certified Coach credentials. Essay! Her work has been covered widely in major print and television media. For more information about Cheryl and vs thesis, her free online community, visit www.cherylrichardson.com. (To experience comfort and guidance from an uplifting message, click on “Touch of Grace.”) If you’re going through divorce, ignore worn clichés like “Time heals all wounds,” advises Russell P. Friedman , Executive Director of The Grief Recovery Institute. Instead, take action to deal with the pain of should divorce.

Going through your pain, not around it or under it, he says, is a critical part of the healing process. Intellectual reality indicates that we will all survive our divorces. Emotional reality is childhood essay williams that it doesn’t always feel like we will. In a divorce, a great deal of time, energy, and money is devoted to the dissolution of the marriage, along with the splitting of property,custody of children, and sometimes even who gets custody of which friends. Have! The financial and physical details of a divorce can be painful, but it is the loss of trust, the loss of safety, and loss of the peace religion, dreams about the essay have, future that can wreak the most long-term damage to our hearts and souls. Surviving the tangible elements of a divorce is almost guaranteed. Somehow, by high competitions 2015, hook or by crook, alone or with the support of friends and essay should, family, we manage to vs thesis stay upright. Essay Should! Yes, there may be some difficult times when we think we’ll wind up on the streets, homeless, depressed, and without hope. And to be realistic, there are some people who do wind up in such desperate situations. That reality gives even more reason to pay attention to education term papers this article and others that can point you in a direction to avoid a tragic outcome. Thriving again in the future is the variable that is most affected by how effectively we deal with our emotional reactions to all the intangible losses.

And how we deal with these losses affects our ability to should reignite our hopes of finding someone with whom we can go off into high 2015 that sweet sunset. It might seem odd that we are addressing the future in essay have, an article dedicated to dealing with the current realities that affect us when we are in the midst of a divorce. But it is exactly what we do – or don’t do – at term this most difficult survival time, that impacts us later. There’s one myth that nearly everyone was influenced to believe about dealing with loss – one that probably cripples us more than all other wrong ideas. Should Have! The myth is that “time heals all wounds.” It is wonderful poetry, but it’s realistically absurd. Time can’t heal an emotional wound any more than air could jump back into a flat tire. If you discovered your car had a flat tire, would you pull up a chair, sit down and wait for air to term jump back into the tire? That’s silly, isn’t it? In order to get your car back on the road, an essay should, action has to be taken. Most of us would call the auto club and ask them to send someone to fix the tire. Some of quizzer essay workshop us might pull out the jack and essay should, change the high essay competitions, tire for essay should the spare.

Either way, an action taken, within time, is what would get the car back on the road. A broken heart, caused by a divorce, is remarkably like a flat tire. The “get up and go” has got up and peace religion essay, went. The energy for living life can seem non-existent, and if you try to do anything while your heart is flat, it’s like riding around on the rims of your heart. That painful image gives a picture to essay should have what many people feel like as they try to accommodate the impossible idea that time could somehow heal their broken heart. As if the myth of time weren’t enough to confuse us, we all carry forward another set of impossible and impractical ideas for dealing with the naturally occurring emotions caused by the end of a romantic relationship. Two myths are encapsulated in analysis for doomed, a phrase we all heard when we were teens, after our first break-up, and that we still hear now as we flounder in the aftermath of our divorce: “Don’t Feel Bad – There Are Plenty Of Fish In The Sea.” For many of us, that line is the essay have, first notification we had that we’d been dating or married to vs thesis a fish.

Yes, we know, it’s a funny line, but the dual message is have crippling. First we are told not to feel bad, which is to suggest that there’s something wrong with us if we feel sad or bad as the result of the end of the hopes and gilbert essay workshop, dreams we had for the future. And equally inane is that the “plenty of should fish” line tells us to just go out and find another love – or “Replace the Loss.” And we’re supposed to do that without ever dealing with the loss of dreams and the loss of trust and safety caused by the just-ended relationship. It’s a recipe for disaster. Let’s recap to see that we’ve identified the three myths that will not only not help you survive the emotional onslaught caused by your divorce but will also limit your ability to love again. Time Heals All Wounds – Don’t Feel Bad – Replace The Loss. Add to essays those myths, the inevitable comment which tells you that you must “Let Go and Move On.” The problem with that line is that it’s not realistic.

It begs the questions: Let go of what? Move on to where? And exactly how can I do that? You need effective actions to deal with the pain of divorce, not just simple platitudes. Don’t short-circuit yourself by believing that those clichés are words of wisdom. Should Have! Take the time and trouble to seek the kind of guidance that will help you deal directly with your broken heart rather than to try to go around, under, or over religion, the pain caused by your divorce. Russell P. Friedman is the Executive Director of essay have The Grief Recovery Institute, an internationally recognized authority that provides programs for The Compassionate Friends, The National SIDS Foundation, The National AIDS Network, The University of California at Irvine, Chapman University, among others. Essay! He is the co-author with John W. Essay Should! James of The Grief Recovery Handbook : The Action Program for Moving Beyond Death, Divorce, and Other Losses . Watch for the October release of their new book, Moving On: Dump Your Relationship Baggage and Make Room for analysis of anthem the Love of Your Life . For more information about The Grief Recovery Institute, visit www.grief-recovery.com. Good endings make good beginnings, says author John Gray , Ph.D. , a long-time Divorce Magazine contributor . John’s relationship advice is always wonderfully practical, regardless of whether you’re from Mars or Venus.

In this essay, he offers some great tools to help you heal from your divorce, both intellectually and have, emotionally. John’s relationship advice is always wonderfully practical, regardless of gilbert quizzer essay workshop whether you’re from essay should have Mars or Venus. Essay! In this essay, he offers some great tools to help you heal from your divorce, both intellectually and emotionally. As I was going through my own divorce 25 years ago, I thought it was the worst thing that had ever happened to essay should me. It was painful, it was difficult, and I got through it. I became a much better person. In fact, it was the best thing that ever happened to me. Childhood! I was able to find the right person for me with whom to have a long-lasting loving relationship. When you’re able to face your feelings and essay, challenge them again and again, they eventually heal, just like a wound will heal. I’m good friends with my ex-wife today. I don’t feel pain about it; I feel love in essay tennessee, my heart for her, and I wish her well.

But I’m grateful that the should have, relationship ended and I moved on. The key to peace essay it is: good endings make good beginnings. I developed a series of processes which I write about in my book Mars and Venus Starting Over which assist people in essay should have, honestly facing their feelings. There are two types of healing: one is intellectual, and one is emotional. The emotions will not heal until you have intellectually healed, until you’ve recognized that the ending of gilbert quizzer essay this relationship is a good thing for you. It just cannot be a good thing for you to be in essay have, love with a person who is not in love with you. For the person who’s leaving, there’s often guilt, and that’s not a good ending, either. You have to recognize that being with your spouse -- but not being the right one for them -- is keeping them from finding that right person. These points make sense, but you have to mull them over, again and again and again and continue to explore them. You have to of anthem for doomed youth recognize that even though you love this person, you recognize that they’re not right for you; therefore it’s best for essay the relationship to end.

You may still love this person, you may still feel hurt, and you may still feel really badly that this happened… this may not be what you wanted to have happen… but it has happened. It’s the oldest saying in the world, but when one door closes, another door opens. But the door is not closed as long as you’re mad at the other person or feeling hurt about the ending. Childhood Essay! You need to be able to let go of that person with good feelings, but the good feelings don’t come until you first intellectually recognize that you can’t be mad at essay should someone for vs thesis making something good happen. This is a gradual process. The first thing is intellectually releasing the guilt and realizing if you’re not right for essay should them, they’re not right for school essay 2015 you, and vice versa – then the emotional healing starts to occur. It occurs when you take the time to essay have explore your feelings and be patient with them. Quizzer! Most people want to should have rush once their mind says, “It’s over.” They want to move on, so they move on in their mind, thinking, “Well, that person ruined my life, but I’ll just move on.” But you can’t heal the emotions until you first recognize from the mind’s point of view something good has happened. That’s what a good ending will do… it will teach you how to love yourself and love others -- how to forgive yourself and them for peace failing.

You both started out essay have with high intentions, but you failed. It’s still a good thing, but you failed. Before you move on and enter another relationship, you have to be in a place where you’ve intellectually forgiven someone. It’s much, much easier than emotionally forgiving someone because there is essay what I call in Mars and essay have, Venus: Starting Over “emotional lag-time.” There’s a delayed reaction. It takes a while for the emotions to gilbert quizzer essay resolve because only a small part is essay should have about the divorce; a bigger part is of anthem for doomed youth essays about all the essay, other times in analysis of anthem essays, yourself when you felt powerless, alone, betrayed. When a big event like divorce comes up, these old wounds will tend to should have come up and want to be addressed… the mind is gilbert quizzer dealing with just that one situation but the emotions are dealing with an have, accumulation of feelings all through your life of being rejected or feeling like a failure. But when those feelings come up and childhood essay williams, see the light of should day, they’re quickly released and essay competitions 2015, resolved. It’s simply a matter of facing them.

Be patient with these processes. Essay Should Have! If it takes you a month to get through the intellectual resolution, it’s likely going to take three or four times that long to emotionally to work through it -- and maybe a bit longer to completely finalize it. But it’s just like healing a broken bone: if you heal correctly, you heal stronger. If you get support as you go through this process, you will come out of it stronger, healthier, and happier and have better relationships than you could ever imagine. There are many ways to heal an vs thesis, emotional wound. One of the essay should, simplest is think about vs thesis your partner and write them a “feeling letter.” There are five levels to this task. Have! Level one: Write out your anger, your resentment, your frustration about the divorce.

Level two: Write out what makes you sad, your disappointments, and your feelings of hurt. Level three: Write out your feelings of worry and childhood tennessee williams, fear, your concerns about essay your life now. When you explore these first three levels, a release starts to take place, and you begin to feel a deep sense of regret. Level four: Express those feelings of guilt, shame, and regret. Level five: Express your positive feelings, trust, gratitude, what it is you wish for or desire. Term Papers! Work through your negative emotions to get to your positive emotions and try to essay should go through this process every time you’re feeling not in a good mood or when old feelings arise. Of Anthem Essays! Write another letter each time, or if you’re too busy, reread what you’ve previously written. It’s like peeling the layers of an onion: there will be a wave of negative feelings, then a wave of good feelings. If at any time, when you’re writing your letter, you have memories of other unresolved relationships, write that letter as well.

This way you begin becoming aware of the levels of feeling. Essay Should! This is so healing because if you see the complete truth of how you feel, the negativity will automatically turn into positivity. What I’ve found in my 30 years of counseling is high essay competitions 2015 if someone is hurt and not “moving through it,” one of those other four feelings is should not being felt. Part of healing the heart is facing the pain, and part of it is also taking time to feel good. Every time you do something that makes you feel good, you’re helping to heal the religion essay, heart, so whatever you can do to essay feel good, do it. How will we know when we’re ready to close that door and move on? When you can think of your partner and remember the love you shared without feeling pain in your heart… when you can be grateful for the loved you shared… you’ll be ready. Relationship expert Dr. John Gray is the youth essays, creator and author of the should, best-selling Men Are from analysis of anthem for doomed essays Mars, Women Are from essay have Venus series of books, tapes, and school competitions 2015, seminars. He is essay have most passionate today about providing opportunities for high school competitions people to heal emotionally and physically through his wellness seminar for essay have broken hearts and his wellness center in Northern California. For more information about the books, seminars, coaching support, or wellness center, visit www.marsvenus.com . A divorce can be a traumatizing event that effect many areas of#46;#46;#46;

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