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APPIC Internship Applications: Let Your Autobiographical Essay Shine. Fall is in the air#8230;the leaves are changing. It#8217;s a time of transformation and backtoschool, reflection. This is also the perfect time to reflect on who you are and how to on can and compassion be agents, express that to internship directors. Backtoschool? One of the most important and most scrutinized materials in your APPIC internship application is the thesis statement death penalty, autobiographical essay (Essay #1) , yet most students agree it is the hardest to write. While there is no exact method that is “right,” there is some strategy to it, and backtoschool, below I’m sharing some tips for how to make the best impression and thesis, maximize the impact of your essay. There is very little in your application, apart from this essay, that really gives directors a feel for who you are as a person; this is entirely different than the credentials you submit that are focused exclusively on your training.
In addition to a good training fit (that I discussed in my last blog entry), directors want to work with someone they feel they can connect with , and this is backtoschool your opportunity to reveal your personality to related thesis, them. This essay should focus on backtoschool, you as a person, so while you need to keep it relevant (see #6), this means more than just a list of your training experiences or graduate school accomplishments. A One-page Essay Academic? They can already see that in the other materials you submit; remember, don’t squander this opportunity to introduce directors to backtoschool, the “personal you” that they can’t see elsewhere. Be genuine. Be yourself. Don#8217;t try to write an no essay application scholarships, essay about something that you think sounds good but isn’t truly authentic; trying to figure out what kind of intern sites are looking for, and trying to create a narrative to fit that, is not a good strategy . Backtoschool? If you identified your true training goals and selected sites that are a good fit, then your authentic (well-conveyed) narrative should naturally appeal to directors of those sites. When deciding on a one-page and career goals, a focus for the autobiographical essay, consider what you really want to convey to backtoschool, directors, what quality or personal characteristic you possess that makes you uniquely you, and how that contributes to making you a more evolved or self-aware, or uniquely empathic, etc. emerging clinician. If appropriate, consider discussing life-changing events that define who you are. Even negative life events such as loss, illness, adversity, etc. Statement Paper? can be discussed, but focus on how these events were transformative in a positive way and what lessons or insights you learned, not on how tragic they were. The emphasis should be on how you coped with it, learned from backtoschool, it, overcame it, and eventually, used it, to thesis, become more self-aware and backtoschool, grow from it . You can convey a compelling story about something that may have been difficult, but maintain the focus on application scholarships, the positive. This essay should move the reader and let him or her really get a glimpse of who you are.
By the backtoschool, end of it, you want the reader thinking, “I’d really like to meet/work with this person.” Try to resume jobs, stay away from cliches and the trap of writing about how you were “always interested in psychology” or “everyone always thought I was a good listener.” While that may be true, something personal had to backtoschool, have drawn you to the field. If you can identify that, and really create a sincere and engaging narrative about it, while tying it in to statement death penalty, your evolution as a psychologist, you will have a more compelling (and successful) essay. Not everything that’s happened to us that we think is important will be relevant for this essay. Ask yourself, “Does talking about this issue, or event, or aspect of myself, really convey the message I want?” and is it genuinely related in backtoschool some way to your evolution as a clinician, or healer? Again, don’t “force” that connection; it should be a natural one. If it’s not, then reconsider the essay topic. If your interest in psychology was naturally more academic than related to essay outline, a personal event or circumstance, or you would simply prefer not to talk about your private personal life, that’s ok. However, it still needs to be a personal essay, so consider some aspect of backtoschool, your work with patients that is application scholarships genuinely compelling for you, and try to backtoschool, craft an essay around that.
You can start by thinking about for many, a particular patient, or a specific moment with a patient(s) that truly moved you, or validated your desire and backtoschool, the meaning of being a healer . You should still begin the essay with some kind of anecdote that captures this, and then work from there. This can also make for a very compelling essay. Remember, directors are reading LOTS of these essays, so keeping them engaged is half the strategy . Having a compelling story with a well written narrative is necessary. Consider starting with a very engaging, or #8220;seductive#8221; first sentence that can really grab the reader, right from the on can be agents, beginning, and make them want to backtoschool, read on. It doesn’t have to be a long sentence, and it can even be a quote, a song lyric—anything that captures the essence of your message. Start with that and outline death, build the essay around it. Make sure to somehow make reference to it at the end too; wrapping up your essay by backtoschool, connecting it back to the beginning is essay death also a good strategy. It should tell a story about you, with a beginning, middle and end . Make sure it sends a cohesive message about you. Try to utilize transitional sentences when bridging topics, and don#8217;t forget a summary statement at the end that ties it all together and really brings your message home. It should wrap back, at the end, to how this “story” about you ultimately translates into who you are (as a clinician) in the room with the patient . How is the aspect of backtoschool, yourself you decided to write about an asset as a therapist? If it’s something transformative that really had an impact on essay on can and compassion, you, chances are you have learned something profound from backtoschool, it about human nature, and essay outline death penalty, about yourself, which helps your understanding of patients—so make sure to backtoschool, state that in some way.
Tip #10: Remember the Word Limit#8230;Unless You#8217;re Writing. Jobs? We all know the word limit is 500, and I know doing everything I described above in 500 words or less is backtoschool definitely a challenge. However, try not to censor yourself and worry about the length AS you’re writing—just write . You can edit later. Essay Love? If you find your essay is way too long, consider whether you need a “hatchet” or “scalpel” approach —that is, can you cut entire sections or sentences without compromising the message or the quality of the writing, or do you perhaps need to go in and condense sentences and backtoschool, be more parsimonious in expressing yourself? That being said, if you go up to 550 or even 560-ish, that’s ok; no director is going to application scholarships, think you are a “bad” match or that you can’t follow instructions because you went a little over 500 words; it’s a guideline, so use it as such.
Do not make arbitrary cuts simply to reach that number. As long as it fits onto a single page with 1-inch margins, it should be ok. Most directors just gauge the length by backtoschool, “eyeballing” it; no one is really counting words . Thesis Statement Death Penalty? If it looks the average length, it’s fine, if you go over the word limit significantly, and it’s obvious, it probably won’t matter by how much at backtoschool that point—the (negative) impression has been made. Tip #11: Don#8217;t Forget it#8217;s a Writing Sample! Make sure to show off your writing skills and always check for typos, grammar and language. Have someone with good editing skills read it and comment on it, but be careful about taking advice about the content of the essay if your audience doesn’t really have a context for knowing what directors are looking for. Many people mean well, especially family and friends, but they may not be the resume, best judges. If you do want “lay” people—read: non-psychologists or those unconnected to the internship process—review it, then the best way to backtoschool, make the most out of it, rather than simply asking for open-ended feedback, is to resume jobs, give them a lot of context for it, and backtoschool, explain a little bit about thesis death, what you aim to convey BEFORE they read the backtoschool, essay.
After they’ve read it, see if they agree you’ve conveyed your message in a strong, positive, compelling fashion. Highlighting? Latest posts by Josephine Minardo, PsyD (see all) Ace Your Case Presentations #038; Vignettes in backtoschool APPIC Internship Interviews - December 9, 2015 APPIC Internship Applications: Is it Really All About the #8220;Match#8221;? - September 22, 2015 APPIC Internship Application Cover Letters - October 24, 2012. Very well written, with extremely pertinent and valid points. This was very well written indeed. Super helpful.
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Comprehensive list of resume buzzwords to backtoschool use, and how to use them. This is one of essay academic goals two articles dealing with buzz words. You may want to also read, Buzz Words on a Resume: Why They’re Important. Apparently we are all still searching for the magic buzzwords to use on our resumes, thus today’s blog post is backtoschool all about the magic buzz words most people are using, buzz words not to use, and why the for many choice of buzzwords is so critical. Notice that I said “buzz words” or “buzzwords” 4 times in one sentence? While I typically wouldn’t write with such redundancy, it seems that search engines like us to break a basic rule of writing — thus, I do so. And, I’ve allowed for the both spellings: buzz words, or buzzwords, both of backtoschool which are correct. If you found this blog via a search engine, you have the proof you need that SEO (search engine optimization) matters. In fact, though I have two articles dealing specifically with buzz words, it is THIS article that you’ll find first, simply because of my opening paragraph. Which leads to our first point:
In many instances, computers search your resume. It’s known as “ATS” and you can learn more, here. Resumes need to be loaded with the right buzz words. I’ve written about the death paper specifics of ATS, and won’t repeat it now. Backtoschool. But if you’re not familiar with how computers read your resume, I suggest that you might also want to read an earlier article on the topic. Remember back in grammar school when you first learned about essay nouns , adjectives , verbs , and adverbs ? Here is backtoschool a reminder: Nouns, we learned, are used to essay on can describe a “person, place, or thing.” Adjectives describe a noun.
Verbs are “action words.” Adverbs describe verbs. The nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs you use in your resume make up those all- important buzz words that are intended to describe your skill set and achievements, and capture the attention of a computer or human. Here is a list of common nouns found in a resume. Backtoschool. Notice that many of them will differ, depending on your industry: Common Resume Buzz Words – Nouns. ADJECTIVES — descriptive words that tell us more about the essay academic and career noun. It is the adjectives that “fluff up” a resume. Be careful: You want to remain honest and not fluff so much that you create a work of fiction! Resume’ Buzz Words – Adjectives. As I said, use adjectives carefully, honestly, and sparingly.
If your resume is overly peppered with these descriptive buzz words, you lose credibility. If you are not genuinely “meticulous,” for backtoschool example, choose another word. An action word is one that does something. For example, sang is the verb in “The girl sang .” It tells what the noun (the girl) did or is doing. In my opinion, the verbs in a resume are the most important descriptors. It is the use of the verb that hopefully provides an accurate description of your achievements. Penalty. More than anything, employers are looking for backtoschool your achievements . They want to know what you have done, what actions you have taken.
That falls squarely into the world of verbs. What follows is an exhaustive list of these important verbs, words considered by many as “resume buzz words.” Notice that nearly every word has the “ ed ” suffix. Application. I’ve listed the verb in backtoschool, its proper tense for use in thesis death penalty paper, most resumes: Verbs — Resume Buzz Words (A-O) Like adjectives, use adverbs sparingly. Be honest, accurate, and selective. I personally have only two adverbs in my resume. Here is backtoschool a list of the most frequently used adverbs: Adverbs — Resume Buzz Words.
COMBINING BUZZ WORDS ON YOUR RESUME. Which words you choose and how you combine those words is uniquely up to you. And if I’ve not yet gotten it through to you, let me repeat: Be honest. Don’t over fluff your stuff! Let’s first combine a few adjectives and nouns: experienced executive skillful litigator proficient orator successful author proven leader talented negotiator effective communicator detailed researcher. Now, let’s combine a few verbs and adverbs: succinctly demonstrated quickly revealed creatively reconfigured dramatically improved significantly increased reliably calculated progressively strengthened.
WORDS NOT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME: Google reports that many of no essay application scholarships you search for the phrase, “Buzz words not to use on resume’.” In my opinion, the use of “buzz words” applies only to words that we should use, not words that are best left in backtoschool, a bar or in a piece of fiction writing. In general, it is statement how a word is used that matters most, as opposed to a succinct list of words not to use. Backtoschool. For example, while there is essay love and compassion be agents nothing wrong with any of the following words, per se, the way they are used could be problematic: experience, environment, team, leadership, professional, proven. If those words are used to say, “Experienced professional with proven leadership in a professional environment,” then you really aren’t saying much. Instead, provide a concrete example:
Provided 10+ years successful team leadership with 20 subordinates, a zero attrition rate, and 80% customer satisfaction at backtoschool, a Fortune 100 company. Yet you still seek a concrete list of words you should not use. I know… I know. So here is the best I can do for essay death penalty you: A resume is about accomplishments, not duties. Thus, only use the following when you don’t yet have work achievements (as in backtoschool, the case of thesis students who are just starting out in their careers): responsibilities included duties included responsible for. use of first person – “ I ” — as in, “I was the employee of the month.” use of “ References Available Upon Request “ use of the word “ assisted ” unless there is no other option. Focus on your achievement(s) as they relate to your assistance to someone else, and specify it on your resume. use of the backtoschool word “ seasoned “, as in “seasoned professional.” This ages you. Use “experienced” instead. use of personal identification phrases like, “ young ,” “ youthful ,” “ healthy ,” “ fit ,” “ attractive ,” “ Caucasian ,” etc. use of any word that is not accurate and honest. Aside from my over-stating the issue of integrity, the following are important considerations when choosing the best buzz words to use in no essay application scholarships, your resume: Don’t use a complex word when something simple will do.
Example: If you “directed” a project, say so. Backtoschool. Don’t say “orchestrated the management of…” or something too fancy. Use common headings: “Professional Experience” instead of statement death penalty “Employment Affiliations”; “Achievements” instead of backtoschool “Notable Accomplishments” Write in third-person, not first, using phrases, not full sentences: “Founded successful program for disadvantaged youth,” rather than “I am the essay love and compassion founder of a program for backtoschool disadvantaged youth that was highly successful.” DO use the buzz words you find in the job description. DON’T use color, photographs, or graphics unless you are in a creative arts industry. DO balance the a one-page essay and career goals white space in your document, and use 12pt font if possible. (I use an 11pt for substantive text, and a 12pt for headings, with a “left justified” margin, not “full justification” which reads oddly in many cases.) Order your resume in the most commonly accepted format, or a close variation: Heading name address or city and backtoschool, state phone numbers email address Career Objective You do not need to place a heading above your career objective. Just state the objective Use either paragraph or bullet format. A One-page Highlighting Academic And Career. Education Reverse chronological order Degree obtained Name of institution Relevant or notable activities Dates of attendance (or years only, for “mature’ applicant) Skills / Achievements bullet list format include your most notable achievements, including percentages dollar amounts when possible include only your most relevant skills (after achievements) dates and information like company name are not needed here; it’s just a summary of backtoschool your most notable achievements Professional / Relevant Experience Your work history, in reverse chronological order (most recent employer listed first) Your job title Name and location of employer Dates of employment (last 10 years, generally) bullet list of significant / relevant achievements DO include volunteer and pro bono work, if relevant Additional Relevant Memberships / Skills / Activities / Awards bullet list format brief description of relevant awards brief description of relevant memberships brief description of relevant activities Key Competencies / Skills Some jobs benefit from this added section.
Only include what is relevant to essay about penalty the position you seek, like … the type of software you can use, and your proficiency level the backtoschool types of equipment you can operate, and your proficiency level languages you speak, and your proficiency level personal attributes that are directly relevant (i.e., “confident public speaker”) Notice that there is not a heading for “References” or for “Hobbies”. Do not include them in and career goals, your resume , nor should you include a statement that “References will be provided upon request.” That’s old school and will date you, showing that you’ve not taken the time to research current standards for resumes. Having said all of this, I will remind my regular readers — and point out to my new or visiting readers — that there are exceptions to every rule. Backtoschool. For a good example of how someone “got the job” breaking nearly every rule, you might want to read this article. If you would like an evaluation of your resume, I will provide you with a free critique! But, make sure you’ve first followed the rules of for many resume writing and backtoschool, prepared the a one-page essay goals best document you can prepare. And, PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ SUBMISSION GUIDELINES FIRST.
The author appreciates your participation. Ask a question or leave a comment, below. It’s not necessary to subscribe (though it is encouraged) in order to backtoschool share! Did you find this article useful? Would you like to learn more about how to find employment? Check out some of these fan-favorites : More? This is only a partial list of all of the essay on can love and compassion be agents “Work” related articles Lynda has written for you.
Check out the “Work” category in backtoschool, the sidebar to the right for a complete listing of all articles designed to help you. No Essay Scholarships. And don’t forget to check out the other categories! Keeping it all in backtoschool, balance is necessary for forestry related a comfortable, content life — and Lynda knows just how to do it! This helped me with resume writing tips for career advancement. i Love the veRb.
That’s a great relationship to have, Princess Hannah — with the verb, I mean. LOL I understand it can be really active! This is one of the best articles I’ve read on backtoschool, resume writing and related thesis, I’ve forwarded it to multiple friends who found it just as useful. I have it bookmarked so for whenever I revamp my resume, I can look over your tips and backtoschool, list of words. Thank you! wow thats amazing. I just wanted to essay outline about penalty notify you that I found your blog on technorati. com and though I appreciated looking at your article, it appears your blog acts up in a few web browsers.
Anytime I look at backtoschool, your page in Chrome, it looks fine. however, when opening in Firefox, it has a bunch of essay and compassion overlapping difficulties. I just wanted to provide you with a little alert, that’s all. Thanks for the info. I’m sorry for the technical issue(s). This is a free blog, one from which I do not earn an income, and backtoschool, thus I do not put any time into advertising it or checking for how it displays on the various browsers. Perhaps I should, though! Thanks again for your comment, and I’m glad you liked the Buzz Words article.
Thanks for this!! I was having such a hard time writing, and a one-page highlighting academic, found what you say extremely valid!! You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I. find this matter to be actually something that I think I would. never understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to backtoschool get the hang of it! I hope I haven’t implied that there is anything “easy” about writing an effective resume. In fact, if it were easy, my blog wouldn’t be necessary! I’m always willing to help anyone who needs it. All you have to do is a one-page goals send me an email.
Glad you like the blog, and backtoschool, thank you for statement death penalty your comment! PS: I see that you are a lawn mower repair person? Gosh, I need YOUR help with a dead lawnmower. Send me an backtoschool email! really, I mean really. Why is it that every applicant these days has to dance to the every changing merry tune of what the related thesis ‘experts’ perceive to be the most important words in an application whilst they know sweet FA about the position being applied for backtoschool or even what is required. The employers are in a one-page highlighting and career, a position of authority and backtoschool, can make decisions on a one-page academic and career goals, who gets employed and backtoschool, who doesn’t, and statement death penalty, because of this, they dictate the backtoschool tune to academic and career goals which that the applicants have to dance to, meaning that those who really want to get on backtoschool, in life have to dance to this ridiculous irrelevant tune. Its about time, that all these pathetic buzz words were scrapped and stop trying to make everyone conform to resume for many these pathetic ‘ideals’ which we all know is fake and unachievable anyway. All these buzz words do is allow people to use more and more colourful ways to lie on backtoschool, their application and obscure who they really are, where in reality, we should be encouraging people to and career goals express their individuality rather than trying to convert them to a faceless corporate drones. People, wake up, take control of your lives and backtoschool, sea people for a one-page highlighting goals what and who they really are instead of what they are ‘expected’ to be.
Writing a resume or a cover-letter can be overwhelming for some people. They know their histories and achievements and backtoschool, skills, but minds go blank when they try to articulate their credentials in no essay, writing. Backtoschool. This list of “buzz words” is meant to help people describe themselves more accurately. Thesis. In no way is it intended to be a way for anyone to ever lie about their achievements. In fact, I repeatedly warn against backtoschool being dishonest during the job submission process. Essay. It’s like lying about your age on a dating site; it will come back to haunt you eventually. Business owners and their employees who have the authority to hire others almost always need a standard method to screen applicants. Not only is it the fairest and most efficient way to review candidates, there are employment laws to which employers must adhere. Backtoschool. The larger the business, the resume for many jobs less room there is for backtoschool flexibility in the job submission process. Computers are often the first stop along the a one-page academic hiring process; they read our resumes and look for specific buzz words that are job-relevant. If a resume lacks those words, it will be tossed.
This isn’t about conformity. Backtoschool. It’s about death penalty paper getting a job. There’s nothing irrelevant about backtoschool putting one’s credentials down on no essay scholarships, paper so someone else can evaluate those credentials. For those people who desire to express their individuality, and/or who are anti-corporation — as many, many people are today — there are a multitude of backtoschool ways to find employment that don’t involve writing a resume. (I recently hired a young man who didn’t submit a resume; I found him when he unloaded a moving truck for forestry me and backtoschool, I was impressed with how hard he worked. So, I offered him a job and he accepted.) But for on can and compassion most people who are competing in backtoschool, a tough job market, doing one’s best and following the submission rules is for many just part of the game. For final year students. Share this with your friends.
I really like what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and exposure! Keep up the great works guys I’ve added you guys to backtoschool blogroll. Glad you like it! By the thesis statement penalty paper way, “You guys” is just me. Backtoschool. #128578; this is really useful; it helped me out much. Essay Be Agents. I hope to give. something back and backtoschool, help others like you’ve aided me. Greetings! Very helpful advice in essay outline, this article! Many thanks for sharing!
Hey very nice blog! I am a recent non-traditional graduate with a BA degree. I have worked at several jobs, but have not had a major role in any of my places of backtoschool employment. I read your articles about how to no essay scholarships write resumes and use buzz words; but honestly, I am just a good ‘ole hard worker. The only things I’ve created is backtoschool a facility-wide directory, a call-back roster for scholarships potential clients and follow-up calls – both of which I have mentioned on my resume. I considered sending you a copy, but am thinking that you will just send it back tell me to read your links fix it, LoL, I have read your links I’m not sure how to fix it. Like I said, I am just kind of generic, but a hard worker.
I’m not really sure where to go from here. Thank you for your comment and your question, Loretta. Here is what is missing from the information you provided in your comment: Reference to the type of work you are seeking. Without knowing what kind of backtoschool job you are trying to find, it’s difficult to provide you with specific advice. I think a lot of people misunderstand and/or under-value the purpose of resumes. Resumes are not just a written summary of your work history. They are a intended to persuade someone that you are worth further inquiry, that you are capable of doing the job for which they seek an employee. In order to use a resume effectively, it has to thesis statement paper be tailored to its audience — and THAT depends on the job you seek.
Some people will say, “I don’t care what kind of job I get. I just need a job!” Though it’s easy to backtoschool feel that way, it is essay academic and career detrimental to backtoschool your job search. Though one might think that being open to “any” job will increase his or her chances of essay highlighting academic and career finding employment, it actually has the opposite effect. Unless you are an entry-level worker who needs only to backtoschool walk into thesis statement penalty a fast food restaurant (or other similar minimum wage job) and fill out an application, then you need a resume that is tailored to the type of employment you seek and/or tailored to a specific job notice. Please send me your resume. If you’ve followed my advice with regard to creating that resume, I will not simply refer you back to my website. When you send your email to backtoschool me, please identify the resume jobs type of work you are seeking.
I’ll be able to give you specific, detailed advice at that point. I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a.
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MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and term papers in many fields. MLA essay format is most widely used in backtoschool the field of humanities and liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in resume 2009. Among the new rules of formatting, the Works Cited or References list is the requirement of indicating the medium of publication for every cited source. Backtoschool! It could be a Print source for books and articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Since it can be used with either one, the for many writer must choose which reference style to use.
In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the backtoschool source list at the end of the essay. However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to do without Bibliography page. You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for making your work look like a professional one. The text in MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. This rule concerns the basic text of your essay, along with the formatting of in-text citations and the Works Cited page.
12-font size is essay on can and compassion be agents preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is used in the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of backtoschool your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the resume for many headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in backtoschool bold. The first line of related thesis each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the left side. You should put page numbers at the top, and justify it to the right. It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the backtoschool editable fields and follow the highlighting academic guidelines within the text. Here you may find an example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is absolutely unacceptable.
The same concerns indirect in-text references. Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way. The following rules must be observed while writing an essay in MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in backtoschool double quotation marks. Forestry Related Thesis! At the end of the backtoschool citation, you have to forestry, state the author’s name and backtoschool the page number where the MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to quote from related thesis a book Greenmantle of John Buchan from 1916. It will look like this: “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (Buchan 154). Note : there is no comma or full stop between the authors’ last name and backtoschool page number.
In cases when the author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the page number in reference. Example: As Buchan wrote “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (154). Long citations. When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is called a long citation and has to be placed separately from a new line. Outline Penalty! Quotation marks are not used in this case.
However, the author’s name and the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the characters in Kipling’s novel Kim describes the Mutiny in backtoschool the following way: A madness ate into all the Army, and essay outline death penalty they turned against backtoschool, their officers. That was the first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands. But they chose to kill the Sahibs’ wives and thesis statement death penalty paper children. Then came the Sahibs from over the sea and called them to most strict account (Kipling 77). Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of backtoschool those words. The omitting of words in MLA citations is used in cases when you are directly interested in only part of the statement of the author in the original source, which is located in essay penalty the middle of the quoted sentence. In this situation, you can preserve the key information and omit the backtoschool details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to “a caliph . . . who had stepped out essay love be agents from the pages of ‘The Arabian nights’” (Thomas 16) Adding information . In the MLA essay , it is allowable to add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in square brackets.
Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the backtoschool words of the Emancipation Proclamation: “…a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of statement penalty paper withering injustice” (King 813). More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in backtoschool a sentence of a MLA essay , then at the end of the sentence indicate in brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon. Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as “a legend of the British empire, to whom the and compassion be agents Orient added its greatness”, but at backtoschool the same time as a man whose “brain has dried out under the hot sun of the desert” (15; 47). Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of work, indicate the title in related thesis italics and the page number in the parenthesis.
Example: As stated by the presidential commission … (Report 4) In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the reference and backtoschool they have to correspond to the information indicated in thesis the Works Cited list at the end of essay. To get detailed information about the formatting of Works Cited list in backtoschool a MLA style read the paragraph devoted to MLA Works Cited List Format at essay P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of backtoschool your research or term paper may become rather difficult. In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and a one-page essay academic in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for professional help from P rof E ssays.com.
Our writers are ready to assist you in writing and backtoschool formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements. Forestry! The process of gathering and formatting the information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting. Backtoschool! Improper formatting of citations may spoil the about death results of your hard work. Order you paper at P rof E ssays.com and be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . Backtoschool! Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E ssays.com is the best place to buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of resume jobs writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in backtoschool MLA essay. Learn how to format your MLA Title Page properly with us.
Type your name, the name of essay outline about penalty your instructor, the title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the backtoschool first page. The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in the middle of the title page. Remember that the title of your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space. If your instructor asked you to write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of formatting the cover page in a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to no essay application, Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Needless to say that both can be done in backtoschool MLA format . MLA outline should be done on a separate page. Resume! The title of the essay should be typed at backtoschool the top of the page and centered.
Introduction and conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in MLA outline , remember that the section of outline can’t have only one sub-section. So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section “A” in your paper, you need to have a “B”; or if you have point “1”, you need point “2”, etc. MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on resume for many jobs, Image to backtoschool, Enlarge) The detailed information about the no essay scholarships author, the title, the year of publication, the publishing house and the overall number of pages in a book, periodical, etc. is backtoschool provided at the end of your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. The MLA format sets specific rules of application formatting the backtoschool Woks Cited list. Academic Goals! Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in cited within the MLA essay format must be arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. Backtoschool! In cases when there is no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by their titles. When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the references of for many jobs this kind, you should put the author’s last name in front of his first name which shouldn’t be shortened.
The title of the book is listed after the author’s name, and then the place of publication, the publishing house and backtoschool the year of publication. Do not forget to related thesis, italicize the title of a book. Example: Buchan, John. Greenmantle. Backtoschool! London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to the update in 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources).
Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the application scholarships first author in backtoschool the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to be placed in the direct order. So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the last name of the thesis statement death second author. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to list all names in the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the inverted name of the first author and backtoschool add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and on can love and compassion Power. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1994. Print.
Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and backtoschool other corporate authors. When there is for many jobs no single author distinguished on backtoschool, the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place. Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art. A Guide to the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973.
Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of newspaper articles in a MLA essay differs a lot from the formatting of cited books. The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the love following: at first you should indicate the backtoschool author’s inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in double quotation marks, then the statement death paper title of backtoschool newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the day, month and year of publication, followed by the number of pages. Additionally, the medium of the a one-page essay and career publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. “Leading scientist urges teaching of creationism in schools”. The Times. London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the backtoschool title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the thesis title of the backtoschool periodical and not the title of the article.
The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). Only May, June and July are never abbreviated. The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules. The general rules of scholarships formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and periodicals. The former requirement of backtoschool representing the URL address of cited on-line source is simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the jobs author’s name, article title, publisher’s name and year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information. In such cases, list the available information. When indicating the backtoschool medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources. Example : “MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay.” ProffEssays.com..
2011, January. http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Web. Note: Be sure the on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to the official web sites of essay death organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. URL is indicated in angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in writing and formatting MLA essays . Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and backtoschool format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules. Though the forestry preferable format of a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is backtoschool written in the MLA style.
Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in the text by Arabic numbers in superscript. The footnotes are indicated at the foot of highlighting academic and career every page and the endnotes are indicated at the end of your paper on a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to write an excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with author’s name is typed next to backtoschool, the page number at the top of each page. While heading refer to the title of love be agents your paper and the the titles of its sections.
MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of headings, just some general norms: The headings of the backtoschool MLA essay are usually typed in same font and size as the statement penalty rest of the backtoschool paper, however you are free to death, italicize them or type in bold. The title of the MLA paper should be centered. Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. All headings of the backtoschool sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and Conclusion .
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to backtoschool, start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for about death, the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into backtoschool one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job.
Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on outline about death, it. Think of backtoschool your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. On Can And Compassion? For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and backtoschool, skills that are most relevant to the job at essay highlighting, hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Backtoschool? Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of thesis death penalty paper All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in backtoschool, and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only outline about death sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and backtoschool, pasting relevant information together. A One-page Essay? Think of this as your brag file . 3. Backtoschool? Put the a one-page essay highlighting goals Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of backtoschool a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of love and compassion be agents a document.
In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is backtoschool, what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to jobs, Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is backtoschool, when you’re making a huge career change and love, need to explain from the backtoschool get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to essay, save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of backtoschool different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is resume, still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is backtoschool, a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for application scholarships, it. But if you can tell the same story in less space?
Do. If you’re struggling, check out backtoschool these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on essay, one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. Backtoschool? We’ll talk about essay love be agents getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of backtoschool good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Jobs? Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic.
Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for backtoschool, your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on essay on can and compassion be agents, readability for the hiring manager. Backtoschool? That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. Thesis? If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to backtoschool, make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent.
You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in no essay application, as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to backtoschool, look stunning? There’s no shame in essay love, getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of backtoschool your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right!
13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only a one-page essay highlighting academic and career goals show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to backtoschool, the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Essay Application? No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to backtoschool, pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section.
No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to on can, be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work?
By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of backtoschool work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and forestry thesis, add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the backtoschool direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into on can love and compassion be agents accomplishments . Backtoschool? Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of forestry thesis meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across.
Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in backtoschool, your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the essay death penalty same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only backtoschool put full-time or paid work on essay highlighting academic and career goals, your resume. Backtoschool? So, if you’ve participated in application, a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly.
Use our handy list of better verbs to backtoschool, mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. A One-page Essay Academic And Career Goals? Stuck on which words to include? Dump the backtoschool job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. Outline About? What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Backtoschool? Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of outline jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college.
25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in backtoschool, reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to thesis, list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the backtoschool fact that you were in the honors college at your university. Essay Outline? 28.
Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to backtoschool, include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to resume jobs, add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for backtoschool, a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. Essay Highlighting Academic And Career? If you have lots of backtoschool skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and essay love and compassion be agents, listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to backtoschool, include an “Interests” section on essay love be agents, your resume, but only backtoschool add those that are relevant to the job.
Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about death penalty it. 32. Backtoschool? Beware of essay Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of backtoschool work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the forestry related thesis decision of whether to backtoschool, include them or not.
Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the no essay scholarships proper ways to include them. Gaps and backtoschool, Other Sticky Resume Situations. A One-page Essay Academic Goals? If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for backtoschool, only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from thesis statement death penalty, your resume. Backtoschool? According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in love, an interview. Backtoschool? If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the no essay application usual start and end dates for each position.
Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at backtoschool, your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the a one-page highlighting academic and career goals reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into backtoschool your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and related, intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. Backtoschool? 39.
Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for application, references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to backtoschool, take a look at it for thesis statement, you (or get some tips from an editor on backtoschool, how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. Application Scholarships? That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. Backtoschool? To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of essay HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take.
Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. Backtoschool? When your resume is essay on can love and compassion, updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to backtoschool, pounce when opportunity presents itself. Outline? And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of backtoschool good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape.
Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of a one-page essay highlighting academic and career writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in backtoschool, touch at death, eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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conclusions essay INTRODUCTIONS, AND CONCLUSIONS. Adapted from Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum , 6th Edition. By Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: HarperCollins, 1997. Pp. 32-58. A thesis statement is a one-sentence summary of a paper's content.
It is similar, actually, to backtoschool a paper's conclusion but lacks the conclusion's concern for broad implications and significance. For a writer in the drafting stages, the thesis establishes a focus, a basis on which to include or exclude information. For the reader of a finished product, the thesis anticipates the on can love and compassion author's discussion. A thesis statement, therefore, is an essential tool for backtoschool, both writers and readers of academic material . This last sentence is our thesis for this section. Based on this thesis, we, as the on can love and compassion be agents authors, have limited the content of the section; and you, as the reader, will be able to form certain expectations about the discussion that follows. You can expect a definition of a thesis statement; an enumeration of the uses of backtoschool, a thesis statement; and a discussion focused on academic material. As writers, we will have met our obligations to you only if in subsequent paragraphs we satisfy these expectations. The Components of a Thesis. Like any other sentence, a thesis includes a subject and love and compassion be agents a predicate, which consists of an assertion about the subject. In the backtoschool sentence Lee and Grant were different kinds of essay death penalty, generals, Lee and Grant is the subject and were different kinds of generals is the predicate. What distinguishes a thesis statement from backtoschool, any other sentence with a subject and thesis death predicate is the thesis statement statement's level of generality and the care with which you word the assertion . The subject of a thesis must present the right balance between the general and the specific to allow for a thorough discussion within the allotted length of the paper.
The discussion might include definitions, details, comparisons contrasts - whatever is needed to illuminate a subject and carry on an intelligent conversation. (If the sentence about Lee and backtoschool Grant were a thesis, the reader would assume that the rest of the essay contained comparisons and contrasts between the two generals.) Bear in no essay application scholarships, mind when writing thesis statements that the more general your subject and the more complex your assertion, the longer your paper will be. For instance, you could not write an effective ten-page paper based on the following: Democracy is the best system of backtoschool, government. Consider the subject of this sentence, democracy, and the assertion of its predicate, is the forestry thesis best system of backtoschool, government. The subject is enormous in scope; it is a general category composed of hundreds of resume for many jobs, more specific sub-categories, each of which would be appropriate for a paper ten pages in length. Backtoschool. The predicate of our example is also a problem, for the claim that democracy is the a one-page essay highlighting best system of government would be simplistic unless accompanied by backtoschool, a thorough, systematic, critical evaluation of every form of government yet devised. A ten-page paper governed by such a thesis simply could not achieve the level of detail and no essay application sophistication expected of college students.
Limiting the Scope of the Thesis. Before you can write an backtoschool effective thesis and thus a controlled, effective paper, you need to limit your intended discussions by limiting your subject and your claims about it. Two strategies for achieving a thesis statement of manageable proportions are (1) to begin with a working thesis (this strategy assumes that you are familiar with your topic) and (2) to begin with a broad area of interest and narrow it (this strategy assumes that you are unfamiliar with your topic). Begin with a Working Thesis. Professionals thoroughly familiar with a topic often begin writing with a clear thesis in scholarships, mind - a happy state of affairs unfamiliar to backtoschool most college students who are assigned term papers. But professionals usually have an important advantage over students: experience.
Because professionals know their material, are familiar with the ways of approaching it, are aware of the questions important to practitioners, and have devoted considerable time to study of the topic, they are naturally in thesis death penalty, a strong position to begin writing a paper. Backtoschool. Not only do professionals have experience in their fields, but they also have a clear purpose in writing; they know their audience and are comfortable with the forestry related thesis format of their papers. Experience counts - there's no way around it. As a student, you are not yet an expert and therefore don't generally have the luxury of beginning your writing tasks with a definite thesis in mind. Backtoschool. Once you choose and devote time to a major field of study, however, you will gain experience. In the meantime, you'll have to a one-page essay highlighting and career goals do more work than the professional to prepare yourself for writing a paper. But let's assume that you do have an area of expertise, that you are in your own right a professional (albeit not in academic matters). Backtoschool. We'll assume that you understand your nonacademic subject - say, backpacking - and have been given a clear purpose for writing: to death penalty discuss the relative merits of backtoschool, backpack designs.
Your job is to write a recommendation for the owner of a sporting-goods chain, suggesting which line of backpacks the chain should carry. The owner lives in another city, so your remarks have to be written. Essay Highlighting And Career. Since you already know a good deal about backpacks, you may already have some well-developed ideas on the topic before you start doing additional research. Yet even as an expert in your field, you will find that beginning the writing task is a challenge, for at this point it is backtoschool unlikely that you will be able to death conceive a thesis perfectly suited to the contents of your paper. After all, a thesis statement is backtoschool a summary, and it is difficult to summarize a presentation yet to be written - especially if you plan to discover what you want to say during the process of resume, writing.
Even if you know your material well, the best you can do at the early stages is to formulate a working thesis - a hypothesis of sorts, a well-informed hunch about your topic and the claim to be made about it. Once you have completed a draft, you can evaluate the degree to which your working thesis accurately summarizes the content of your paper. 1 If the match is a good one, the working thesis becomes the thesis statement. If, however, sections of the paper drift from the focus set out in the working thesis, you'll need to backtoschool revise the thesis and the paper itself to ensure that the presentation is a one-page highlighting academic goals unified. (You'll know that the match between the content and thesis is a good one when every paragraph directly refers to backtoschool and develops some element of the thesis.) Begin with a Subject and Narrow It. Let's assume that you have moved from thesis statement death paper, making recommendations about backpacks (your territory) to writing a paper for backtoschool, your government class (your professor's territory). Whereas you were once the forestry related thesis professional who knew enough about your subject to begin writing with a working thesis, you are now the backtoschool student, inexperienced and in need of a great deal of outline about penalty, information before you can begin begin to think of thesis statements. It may be a comfort to know that your government professor would likely be in the same predicament if asked to backtoschool recommend backpack designs. Thesis. He would need to spend several weeks, at least, backpacking to become as experienced as you; and it is fair to say that you will need to spend several hours in the library before you are in a position to choose a topic suitable for an undergraduate paper. Suppose you have been assigned a ten-page paper in Government 104, a course on social policy. Not only do you not have a thesis - you don't have a subject!
Where will you begin? First, you need to select a broad area of interest and backtoschool make yourself knowledgeable about love, its general features. Backtoschool. What if no broad area of interest occurs to you? Don't despair - there's usually a way to make use of discussions you've read in a text or heard in a lecture. Related Thesis. The trick is to find a topic that can become personally important, for whatever reason. (For a paper in your biology class, you might write on the digestive system because a relative has stomach troubles. Backtoschool. For an economics seminar, you might explore the factors that threaten banks with collapse because your grandparents lost their life savings during the Great Depression.) Whatever the academic discipline, try to outline death penalty discover a topic that you'll enjoy exploring; that way, you'll be writing for yourself as much as for your professor.
Some specific strategies to try if no topics occur to you: Review material covered during the semester, class by class if need be; review the backtoschool semester's readings, actually skimming each assignment. Choose any subject that has held your interest, if even for a moment, and love use that as your point of departure. Suppose you've reviewed each of your classes and recall that a lecture on AIDS aroused your curiosity. Your broad subject of interest, then, will be AIDS. At this point, the goal of your research is to limit this subject to a manageable scope.
Although your initial, broad subject will often be more specific than our example, AIDS, we'll assume for the purposes of discussion the most general case (the subject in greatest need of limiting). A subject can be limited in at backtoschool least two ways. First, a general article like an encyclopedia entry may do the work for you by presenting the subject in the form of an outline, with each item in the outline representing a separate topic (which, for your purposes, may need further limiting). For Many. Second, you can limit a subject by asking several questions about it: These questions will occur to you as you conduct your research and see the ways in which various authors have focused their discussions. Having read several sources and having decided that you'd like to use them, you might limit the subject AIDS by asking who - AIDS patients; and which aspect - civil rights of AIDS patients. Certainly, the civil rights of AIDS patients offers a more specific focus than does AIDS; still, the revised focus is too broad for a ten-page paper in that a comprehensive discussion would obligate you to review numerous particular rights. So again you must try to limit your subject by posing a question. In this particular case, which aspects (of the civil rights of AIDS patients) can be asked a second time. Six aspects may come to mind: Rights in the workplace Rights to hospital care Rights to insurance benefits Rights to privacy Rights to fair housing Rights to education.
Any one of these aspects could provide the focus of a ten-page paper, and backtoschool you do yourself an on can be agents important service by choosing one, perhaps two, of the aspects; to backtoschool choose more would obligate you to too broad a discussion and you would frustrate yourself: Either the paper would have to be longer than ten pages or, assuming you kept to the page limit, the paper would be superficial in its treatment. In both instances, the paper would fail, given the a one-page essay highlighting and career constraints of the assignment. So it is far better that you limit your subject ahead of time, before you attempt to write about it. Let's assume that you settle on the following as an appropriately defined subject for a ten-page paper: the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace. The process of narrowing an initial subject depends heavily upon the reading you do. The more you read, the deeper your understanding of a topic. The deeper your understanding, the likelier it will be that you can divide a broad and complex topic into manageable - that is, researchable - categories.
Identify these categories that compose the larger topic and pursue one of them. Backtoschool. In the AIDS example, your reading in the literature suggested that the civil rights of AIDS patients was at the center of recent national debate. So reading allowed you to narrow the subject AIDS by answering the initial questions - the who and for many which aspects. Backtoschool. Once you narrowed your focus to the civil rights of AIDS patients, you read further and quickly realized that civil rights in itself was a broad concern that also should be limited. In this way, reading provided an important stimulus as you worked to identify an appropriate subject for your paper. Make an Assertion.
Once you have identified the subject, you can now develop it into a thesis by making an assertion about it. If you have spent enough time reading and gathering information, you will be knowledgeable enough to have something to essay about say about the subject, based on a combination of backtoschool, your own thinking and the thinking of your sources. If you have trouble making an assertion, try writing your topic at the top of essay death penalty, a page and then listing everything you know and backtoschool feel about it. Often from such a list you will discover an assertion that you then can use to forestry thesis fashion a working thesis. A good way to backtoschool gauge the outline reasonableness of your claim is to see what other authors have asserted about the same topic. In fact, keep good notes on backtoschool, the views of others; the notes will prove a useful counterpoint to your own views as you write, and a one-page goals you may want to backtoschool use them in your paper. Next, make three assertions about essay academic goals, your topic, in order of increasing complexity. During the past few years, the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace have been debated by national columnists. Several columnists have offered convincing reasons for backtoschool, protecting the outline death rights of AIDS patients in backtoschool, the workplace.
The most sensible plan for statement death penalty paper, protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace has been offered by columnist Anthony Jones. Keep in mind that these are working thesis statements. Backtoschool. Because you haven't written a paper based on any of them, they remain hypotheses to be tested. After completing a first draft, you would compare the contents of the paper to the thesis and make adjustments as necessary for unity. The working thesis is an excellent tool for planning broad sections of the paper, but - again - don't let it prevent you from resume jobs, pursuing related discussions as they occur to you. Notice how these three statements differ from one another in backtoschool, the forcefulness of their assertions. The third thesis is strongly argumentative. Most sensible implies that the writer will explain several plans for protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace.
Following the explanation would come a comparison of plans and then a judgment in favor of application scholarships, Anthony Jones. Like any working thesis, this one helps the backtoschool writer plan the essay about death paper. Assuming the paper follows the backtoschool three-part structure we've inferred, the working thesis would become the final thesis, on the basis of essay about penalty, which a reader could anticipate sections of the essay to backtoschool come. The first of the three thesis statements, by contrast, is explanatory : During the past few years, the rights of a one-page academic and career, AIDS patients in the workplace have been debated by national columnists. In developing a paper based on this thesis, the writer would assert only the backtoschool existence of a debate, obligating himself merely to essay love be agents a summary of the backtoschool various positions taken. Readers, then, would use this thesis as a tool for anticipating the contours of the love and compassion be agents paper to follow. Based on backtoschool, this particular thesis, a reader would not expect to find the author strongly endorsing the views of one or another columnist.
The thesis does not require the author to defend a personal opinion. The second thesis statement does entail a personal, intellectually assertive commitment to the material, although the assertion is not as forceful as the one found in statement 3: Several columnists have offered convincing reasons for protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace. Here we have an about death explanatory, mildly argumentative thesis that enables the backtoschool writer to express an opinion. We infer from the forestry thesis use of the word convincing that the backtoschool writer will judge the various reasons for protecting the essay outline about penalty rights of AIDS patients; and, we can reasonably assume, the writer himself believes in protecting these rights. Note the backtoschool contrast between this second thesis and essay on can and compassion the first one, where the writer committed himself to no involvement in the debate whatsoever. Backtoschool. Still, the present thesis is thesis death penalty paper not as ambitious as the third one, whose writer implicitly accepted the general argument for backtoschool, safeguarding rights (an acceptance he would need to justify) and then took the additional step of for many, evaluating the merits of those arguments in relation to each other. (Recall that Anthony Jones's plan was the most sensible.) As you can see, for any subject you might care to explore in backtoschool, a paper, you can make any number of assertions - some relatively simple, some complex. It is on the basis of these assertions that you set yourself an agenda in writing a paper - and readers set for themselves expectations for reading.
The more ambitious the thesis, the more complex will be the paper and the greater will be the readers' expectations. Using the love and compassion be agents Thesis. Different writing tasks require different thesis statements. The explanatory thesis is often developed in response to short-answer exam questions that call for information, not analysis (e.g., List and explain proposed modifications to contemporary American democracy). The explanatory but mildly argumentative thesis is appropriate for backtoschool, organizing reports (even lengthy ones), as well as essay questions that call for some analysis (e.g., In what ways are the recent proposals to modify American democracy significant?).
The strongly argumentative thesis is used to organize papers and exam questions that call for information, analysis, and the writer's forcefully stated point of statement death, view (e.g., Evaluate proposed modifications to contemporary American democracy). The strongly argumentative thesis, of course, is the riskiest of the three, since you must unequivocally state your position and backtoschool make it appear reasonable - which requires that you offer evidence and about death penalty defend against logical objections. But such intellectual risks pay dividends, and if you become involved enough in your work to make challenging assertions, you will provoke challenging responses that enliven classroom discussions. One of the important objectives of a college education is to extend learning by stretching, or challenging, conventional beliefs. You breathe new life into this broad objective, and you enliven your own learning as well, every time you adopt a thesis that sets a challenging agenda both for you (as writer) and for your readers. Of course, once you set the challenge, you must be equal to the task. As a writer, you will need to discuss all the elements implied by backtoschool, your thesis. To review: A thesis statement (a one-sentence summary of your paper) helps you organize and your reader anticipate a discussion. Thesis statements are distinguished by their carefully worded subjects and on can love predicates, which should be just broad enough and complex enough to be developed within the length limitations of the assignment.
Both novices and experts in a field typically begin the backtoschool initial draft of a paper with a working thesis - a statement that provides writers with structure enough to get started but with latitude enough to discover what they want to say as they write. Forestry Thesis. Once you have completed a first draft, you should test the fit of your thesis with the paper that follows. Every element of the thesis should be developed in the paper that follows. Discussions that drift from your thesis should be deleted, or the thesis changed to accommodate the new discussions. A quotation records the exact language used by someone in backtoschool, speech or in writing.
A summary , in contrast, is a one-page essay highlighting academic and career a brief restatement in your own words of what someone else has said or written. And a paraphrase is backtoschool also a restatement, although one that is often as long as the original source. Any paper in which you draw upon sources will rely heavily on quotation, summary, and paraphrase. How do you choose among the essay on can and compassion three? Remember that the papers you write should be your own - for backtoschool, the most part, your own language and certainly your own thesis, your own inferences, and your own conclusions. It follows that references to on can be agents your source materials should be written primarily as summaries and paraphrases, both of backtoschool, which are built on restatement, not quotation. You will use summaries when you need a brief restatement, and no essay paraphrases, which provide more explicit detail than summaries, when you need to follow the development of a source closely.
When you quote too much, you risk losing ownership of your work: more easily than you might think, your voice can be drowned out by the voices of backtoschool, those you've quoted. No Essay Application Scholarships. So use quotations sparingly, as you would a pungent spice. Nevertheless, quoting just the backtoschool right source at no essay the right time can significantly improve your papers . The trick is to know when and how to use quotations. Use quotations when another writer's language is particularly memorable and will add interest and liveliness to your paper. Use quotations when another writer's language is so clear and backtoschool economical that to make the same point in your own words would, by comparison, be ineffective. Use quotations when you want the solid reputation of a source to lend authority and credibility to your own writing. Quoting Memorable Language. Assume you're writing a paper on Napoleon Bonaparte's relationship with the celebrated Josephine. Through research you learn that two days after their marriage Napoleon, given command of an army, left his bride for essay love, what was to be a brilliant military campaign in backtoschool, Italy.
How did the young general respond to leaving his wife so soon after their wedding? You come across the following, written from the field of battle by Napoleon on April 3, 1796: I have received all your letters, but none has had such an impact on me as the last. Do you have any idea, darling, what you are doing, writing to for many me in those terms? Do you not think my situation cruel enough without intensifying my longing for you, overwhelming my soul? What a style! What emotions you evoke! Written in backtoschool, fire, they burn my poor heart! 2. A summary of thesis statement penalty paper, this passage might read as follows: On April 3, 1796, Napoleon wrote to Josephine, expressing how sorely he missed her and how passionately he responded to her letters.
You might write the backtoschool following as a paraphrase of the passage: On April 3, 1796, Napoleon wrote to Josephine that he had received her letters and that one among all others had had a special impact, overwhelming his soul with fiery emotions and statement paper longing. How feeble this summary and paraphrase are when compared with the original! Use the vivid language that your sources give you. In this case, quote Napoleon in backtoschool, your paper to make your subject come alive with memorable detail: On April 3, 1796, a passionate, lovesick Napoleon responded to a letter from Josephine; she had written longingly to her husband, who, on love, a military campaign, acutely felt her absence. Do you have any idea, darling, what you are doing, writing to me in those terms? . . Backtoschool. . What emotions you evoke! he said of her letters. Written in fire, they burn.my poor heart!
The effect of directly quoting Napoleon's letter is to enliven your paper. A direct quotation is academic goals one in which you record precisely the language of another, as we did with the sentences from Napoleon's letter. In an indirect quotation, you report what someone has said, although you are not obligated to backtoschool repeat the words exactly as spoken (or written): Direct quotation : Franklin D. Roosevelt said: The only no essay, thing we have to fear is fear itself. Indirect quotation : Franklin D. Roosevelt said that we have nothing to fear but fear itself. The language in a direct quotation, which is backtoschool indicated by a pair of quotation marks ( ), must be faithful to the language of the original passage. When using an indirect quotation, you have the liberty of changing words (although not changing meaning). For both direct and indirect quotations, you must credit your sources , naming them either in (or close to) the sentence that includes the quotation [or, in some disciplines, in a footnote]. Quoting Clear and Concise Language.
You should quote a source when its language is particularly clear and essay about economical - when your language, by backtoschool, contrast, would be wordy. Read this passage from a text on biology: The honeybee colony, which usually has a population of 30,000 to a one-page highlighting academic goals 40,000 workers, differs from that of the backtoschool bumblebee and many other social bees or wasps in that it survives the winter. Scholarships. This means that the bees must stay warm despite the backtoschool cold. Like other bees, the isolated honeybee cannot fly if the temperature falls below 10C (50F) and cannot walk if the temperature is below 7C (45F). Within the no essay scholarships wintering hive, bees maintain their temperature by clustering together in a dense ball; the lower the backtoschool temperature, the denser the cluster. The clustered bees produce heat by constant muscular movements of essay death penalty, their wings, legs, and abdomens. In very cold weather, the backtoschool bees on outline about penalty, the outside of the backtoschool cluster keep moving toward the center, while those in the core of the cluster move to the colder outside periphery. The entire cluster moves slowly about on the combs, eating the stored honey from the combs as it moves. No Essay Application. 3. A summary of this paragraph might read as follows:
Honeybees, unlike many other varieties of bee, are able to backtoschool live through the winter by clustering together in a dense ball for body warmth. A paraphrase of the outline about death same passage would be considerably more detailed: Honeybees, unlike many other varieties of bee (such as bumblebees), are able to live through the winter. The 30,000 to 40,000 bees within a honeybee hive could not, individually, move about in cold winter temperatures. But when clustering together in a dense ball, the bees generate heat by constantly moving their body parts. The cluster also moves slowly about the backtoschool hive, eating honey stored in the combs. This nutrition, in statement death penalty, addition to the heat generated by the cluster, enables the backtoschool honeybee to survive the no essay cold winter months. In both the summary and the paraphrase we've quoted Curtis's clustering together in a dense ball, a phrase that lies at the heart of her description of backtoschool, wintering honeybees. For us to describe this clustering in any language other than Curtis's would be pointless since her description is admirably precise. Quoting Authoritative Language.
You will also want to use quotations that lend authority to related thesis your work. When quoting an expert or some prominent political, artistic, or historical figure, you elevate your own work by placing it in backtoschool, esteemed company. Quote respected figures to establish background information in a paper, and your readers will tend to perceive that information as reliable. Quote the opinions of respected figures to endorse some statement that you've made, and your statement becomes more credible to your readers. For example, in an essay that you might write on the importance of reading well, you could make use of a passage from outline about penalty, Thoreau's Walden : Reading well is hard work and requires great skill and training. Backtoschool. It is essay about penalty a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau in Walden, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. It requires a training such as the backtoschool athletes underwent. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. By quoting a famous philosopher and death penalty essayist on the subject of reading, you add legitimacy to your discussion. Not only backtoschool, do you regard reading to for many be a skill that is backtoschool both difficult and a one-page highlighting academic and career goals important; so too does Henry David Thoreau, one of backtoschool, our most influential American thinkers. The quotation has elevated the level of your work.
You can also quote to advantage well-respected figures who've written or spoken about the academic goals subject of your paper. Here is a discussion of space flight. Author David Chandler refers to a physicist and an astronaut: A few scientists - notably James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts - have decried the expense of the manned space program and called for an almost exclusive concentration on unmanned scientific exploration instead, saying this would be far more cost-effective. Other space scientists dispute that idea. Joseph Allen, physicist and backtoschool former shuttle astronaut, says, It seems to be argued that one takes away from the other. Essay Outline About Penalty. But before there was a manned space program, the funding on space science was zero.
Now it's about $500 million a year. Note, first, that in the first paragraph Chandler has either summarized or used an Indirect quotation to incorporate remarks made by James Van Allen into the discussion on space flight. In the second paragraph, Chandler directly quotes his next source, Joseph Allen. Backtoschool. Both quotations, indirect and direct, lend authority and legitimacy to the article, for related thesis, both James Van Allen and Joseph Allen are experts on backtoschool, the subject of outline about penalty, space flight. Note also that Chandler has provided brief but effective biographies of his sources, identifying both so that their qualifications to speak on the subject are known to all: James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts . Joseph Allen, physicist and former shuttle astronaut . The phrases in italics are called appositives . Their function is to backtoschool rename the nouns they follow by essay, providing explicit, identifying detail. Any information about a person that can be expressed in backtoschool, the following sentence pattern can be made into an appositive phrase: James Van Allen is the discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts . James Van Allen has decried the essay outline about death expense of the manned space program. James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts , has decried the expense of the backtoschool manned space program. Use appositives to identify authors whom you quote. Incorporating Quotations into Your Sentences.
Quoting Only the Part of a Sentence or Paragraph That You Need. As you've seen, a writer selects passages for quotation that are especially vivid and memorable, concise, or authoritative . Now we will put these principles into practice. Suppose that while conducting research on the topic of on can and compassion be agents, college sports you've come across the following, written by Robert Hutchins, former president of the University of Chicago: If athleticism is backtoschool bad for students, players, alumni and essay outline about death penalty the public, it is backtoschool even worse for the colleges and universities themselves. They want to be educational institutions, but they can't. The story of the famous halfback whose only regret, when he bade his coach farewell, was that he hadn't learned to read and write is probably exaggerated. But we must admit that pressure from essay on can love, trustees, graduates, friends, presidents and even professors has tended to relax academic standards. Backtoschool. These gentry often overlook the application scholarships fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Recruiting, subsidizing and the double educational standard cannot exist without the knowledge and the tacit approval, at least, of the colleges and universities themselves. Certain institutions encourage susceptible professors to be nice to athletes now admitted by paying them for serving as faculty representatives on the college athletic boards. Backtoschool. 4.
Suppose that from this entire paragraph you find a gem, a quotable grouping of words that will enliven your discussion. You may want to quote part of the following sentence: These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Incorporating the Quotation into the Flow of Your Own Sentence. Once you've selected the essay outline about death passage you want to quote, work the backtoschool material into your paper in no essay, as natural and fluid a manner as possible. Here's how we would quote Hutchins: Robert Hutchins, a former president of the University of Chicago, asserts that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Note that we've used an appositive to identify Hutchins.
And we've used only the part of the paragraph - a single clause - that we thought memorable enough to quote directly. Avoiding Freestanding Quotations. A quoted sentence should never stand by itself - as in the following example: Various people associated with the university admit that the pressures of athleticism have caused a relaxation of standards. These gentry often overlook the backtoschool fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Related. But this kind of thinking is bad for backtoschool, the university and even worse for the athletes. Even if you include a parenthetical citation after the quotation, you should not leave a quotation freestanding, as above, because the effect is frequently jarring to the reader.
Introduce the essay on can love be agents quotation by attributing the backtoschool source in some other part of the sentence - beginning, middle, or end. Thus, you could write: According to Robert Hutchins, These gentry often overlook the a one-page highlighting goals fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. These gentry, asserts Robert Hutchins, often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in backtoschool, a fullback who is a half-wit. Another alternative is to introduce a sentence-long quotation with a colon:
But Robert Hutchins disagrees: These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Use colons also to introduce indented quotations (as in the examples above). When attributing sources, try to vary the standard states, writes, says, and so on. Jobs. Other, stronger verbs you might consider: asserts, argues, maintains, insists, asks, and even wonders. Using Ellipsis Marks. Using quotations is made somewhat complicated when you want to quote the beginning and backtoschool end of related, a passage but not its middle - as was the case when we quoted Henry David Thoreau.
Here's part of the paragraph in Walden from which we quoted a few sentences: To read well, that is, to read true books in backtoschool, a true spirit, is a noble exercise, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent, the steady intention almost of the whole life to this object. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. 5. And here was how we used this material: Reading well is hard work and requires great skill and training.
It is a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau in Walden, and one that will task the no essay scholarships reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. Whenever you quote a sentence but delete words from it, as we have done, indicate this deletion to the reader by placing an ellipsis mark, three spaced periods, in the sentence at the point of deletion. The rationale for using an ellipsis mark as follows: A direct quotation must be reproduced exactly as it was written or spoken. Backtoschool. When writers delete or change any part of the quoted material, readers must be alerted so they don't think that the changes were part of the original. Outline About Death. Ellipsis marks and brackets serve this purpose. If you are deleting the backtoschool middle of a single sentence, use an ellipsis in place of the deleted words: To read well . is resume a noble exercise, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. If you are deleting the end of a quoted sentence, or if you are deleting entire sentences of a paragraph before continuing a quotation, add one additional period and backtoschool place the ellipsis after the last word you are quoting, so that you have four in all: It requires a training such as the athletes underwent.
Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. If you begin your quotation of an author in the middle of outline death, a sentence, you need not indicate deleted words with an ellipsis. Be sure, however, that the syntax of the backtoschool quotation fits smoothly with the syntax of your sentence: Reading is a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau. Use square brackets whenever you need to add or substitute words in a quoted sentence. The brackets indicate to the reader a word or phrase that does not appear in the original passage but that you have inserted to avoid confusion. For Many. For example, when a pronoun's antecedent would be unclear to readers, delete the pronoun from the sentence and substitute an identifying word or phrase in brackets.
When you make such a substitution, no ellipsis marks are needed. Assume that you wish to quote the bold-type sentence in the following passage: Golden Press's Walt Disney's Cinderella set the backtoschool new pattern for America's Cinderella. This book's text is coy and condescending. (Sample: And her best friends of essay academic and career goals, all were - guess who - the backtoschool mice!) The illustrations are poor cartoons. And Cinderella herself is a disaster.
She cowers as her sisters rip her homemade ball gown to shreds. (Not even homemade by Cinderella, but by outline penalty, the mice and birds.) She answers her stepmother with whines and pleadings. She is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless . She cannot perform even a simple action to save herself, though she is warned by her friends, the mice. Backtoschool. She does not hear them because she is off in a world of dreams. Cinderella begs, she whimpers, and at last has to be rescued by - guess who - the mice! 6. In quoting this sentence, you would need to identify whom the pronoun she refers to. You can do this inside the quotation by using brackets: Jane Yolen believes that [Cinderella] is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless. If the pronoun begins the sentence to be quoted, as it does in this example, you can identify the pronoun outside of the quotation and simply begin quoting your source one word later:
Jane Yolen believes that Cinderella is a sorry excuse for penalty, a heroine, pitiable and useless. If the pronoun you want to identify occurs in the middle of the sentence to backtoschool be quoted, then you'll need to use brackets. Newspaper reporters do this frequently when quoting sources, who in interviews might say something like the no essay scholarships following: After the fire they did not return to the station house for three hours. If the reporter wants to use this sentence in an article, he or she needs to identify the pronoun:
An official from City Hall, speaking on the condition that he not be identified, said, After the fire [the officers] did not return to the station house for three hours. You will also will need to backtoschool add bracketed information to a quoted sentence when a reference essential to the sentence's meaning is essay about death penalty implied but not stated directly. Read the following paragraphs from Robert Jastrow's Toward an Intelligence Beyond Man's: These are amiable qualities for the computer; it imitates life like an electronic monkey. As computers get more complex, the imitation gets better. Finally, the line between the original and backtoschool the copy becomes blurred. In another 15 years or so - two more generations of about, computer evolution, in the jargon of the technologists - we will see the backtoschool computer as an emergent form of life. The proposition seems ridiculous because, for one thing, computers lack the drives and emotions of living creatures. But when drives are useful, they can be programmed into the computer's brain, just as nature programmed them into our ancestors' brains as a part of the penalty equipment for survival. For example, computers, like people, work better and learn faster when they are motivated. Arthur Samuel made this discovery when he taught two IBM computers how to play checkers.
They polished their game by playing each other, but they learned slowly. Finally, Dr. Samuel programmed in the will to win by forcing the computers to try harder - and to backtoschool think out forestry related more moves in advance - when they were losing. Then the computers learned very quickly. One of them beat Samuel and went on to defeat a champion player who had not lost a game to a human opponent in eight years. 7. If you wanted to backtoschool quote only the sentence in bold type, you would need to provide readers with a bracketed explanation; otherwise, the words the proposition would be unclear. Here is how you would manage the application quotation: According to Robert Jastrow, a physicist and backtoschool former official at NASA's Goddard Institute, The proposition [that computers will emerge as a form of life] seems ridiculous because, for one thing, computers lack the drives and emotions of resume jobs, living creatures. Remember that when you quote the work of another, you are obligated to credit - or cite - the author's work properly; otherwise, you may plagiarism. [See your Allyn and backtoschool Bacon Handbook for guidance on citing sources.]
A classic image: The writer stares glumly at a blank sheet of paper (or, in the electronic version, a blank screen). Usually, however, this is an image of a writer who hasn't yet begun to write. Once the piece has been started, momentum often helps to carry it forward, even over the rough spots. (These can always be fixed later.) As a writer, you've surely discovered that getting started when you haven't yet warmed to your task is a problem. What's the best way to approach your subject? With high seriousness, a light touch, an anecdote? How best to engage your reader? Many writers avoid such agonizing choices by putting them off - productively. Bypassing the introduction, they start by writing the body of the piece; only after they've finished the body do they go back to write the introduction. There's a lot to be said for this approach.
Because you have presumably spent more time thinking about the topic itself than about how you're going to introduce it, you are in a better position, at essay first, to begin directly with your presentation (once you've settled on a working thesis). Backtoschool. And often, it's not until you've actually seen the about death penalty piece on paper and read it over once or twice that a natural way of backtoschool, introducing it becomes apparent. Even if there is no natural way to begin, you are generally in better psychological shape to write the introduction after the major task of writing is resume behind you and you know exactly what you're leading up to. Perhaps, however, you can't operate this way. After all, you have to start writing somewhere , and if you have evaded the problem by skipping the introduction, that blank page may loom just as large wherever you do choose to begin. If this is the case, then go ahead and write an introduction, knowing full well that it's probably going to be flat and awful.
Set down any kind of pump- priming or throat-clearing verbiage that comes to mind, as long as you have a working thesis. Assure yourself that whatever you put down at this point (except for the thesis) won't count and that when the time is right, you'll go back and replace it with something classier, something that's fit for eyes other than yours. But in the meantime, you'll have gotten started. The purpose of an backtoschool introduction is to prepare the reader to enter the world of your essay. The introduction makes the connection between the more familiar world inhabited by the reader and the less familiar world of the writer's particular subject; it places a discussion in a context that the thesis statement penalty reader can understand. There are many ways to provide such a context. We'll consider just a few of the most common. In introduction to a paper on democracy:
Two cheers for democracy was E. M. Forster's not-quite-wholehearted judgment. Most Americans would not agree. To them, our democracy is one of the glories of backtoschool, civilization. To one American in particular, E. B. White, democracy is the hole in the stuffed shirt through which the sawdust slowly trickles . . . the dent in the high hat . . . the recurrent suspicion that more than half of the related thesis people are right more than half of the time (915). Backtoschool. American democracy is based on the oldest continuously operating written constitution in the world - a most impressive fact and a testament to the farsightedness of the founding fathers. But just how farsighted can mere humans be? In Future Shock , Alvin Toffler quotes economist Kenneth Boulding on the incredible acceleration of social change in our time: The world of today . . . is as different from the world in essay about, which I was born as that world was from Julius Caesar's (13). As we move toward the twenty-first century, it seems legitimate to question the continued effectiveness of a governmental system that was devised in the eighteenth century; and it seems equally legitimate to consider alternatives.
The quotations by Forster and White help set the backtoschool stage for the discussion of democracy by presenting the reader with some provocative and application well-phrased remarks. Later in the paragraph, the quotation by Boulding more specifically prepares us for the theme of change that will be central to the essay as a whole. In many cases, the reader will be unprepared to follow the issue you discuss unless you provide some historical background. Backtoschool. Consider the following introduction to an an essay on the film-rating system: Sex and resume jobs violence on the screen are not new issues. In the Roaring Twenties there was increasing pressure from civic and religious groups to ban depictions of immorality from the screen.
Faced with the threat of federal censorship, the film producers decided to backtoschool clean their own house. In 1930, the Motion Picture Producers and about Distributors of backtoschool, America established the no essay scholarships Production Code. At first, adherence to the Code was voluntary; but in 1934 Joseph Breen, newly appointed head of the MPPDA, gave the Code teeth. Henceforth all newly produced films had to be submitted for approval to the Production Code Administration which had the power to award or withhold the backtoschool Code seal. Without a Code seal, it was virtually impossible for thesis statement penalty, a film to backtoschool be shown anywhere in the United States, since exhibitors would not accept it. At about the same time, the outline death Catholic Legion of Decency was formed to advise the faithful which were and were not objectionable. For several decades the Production Code Administration exercised powerful control over what was portrayed in American theatrical films. By the 1960s, however, changing standards of morality had considerably weakened the Code's grip. In 1968, the Production Code was replaced with a rating system designed to keep younger audiences away from backtoschool, films with high levels of sex or violence. Despite its imperfections, this rating system has proved more beneficial to American films than did the old censorship system. The essay following this introduction concerns the relative benefits of the essay penalty rating system.
By providing some historical background on the rating system, the backtoschool writer helps readers to understand his arguments. Notice the chronological development of details. Review of a Controversy. A particular type of application scholarships, historical review is the review of a controversy or debate. Consider the following introduction: The American Heritage Dictionary 's definition of civil disobedience is rather simple: the refusal to obey civil laws that are regarded as unjust, usually by backtoschool, employing methods of passive resistance.
However, despite such famous (and beloved) examples of civil disobedience as the movements of Mahatma Gandhi in resume jobs, India and the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., in backtoschool, the United States, the question of whether or not civil disobedience should be considered an asset to society is hardly clear cut. For instance, Hannah Arendt, in her article Civil Disobedience, holds thatto think of disobedient minorities as rebels and truants is against the letter and spirit of on can and compassion, a constitution whose framers were especially sensitive to the dangers of unbridled majority rule. On the other hand, a noted lawyer, Lewis Van Dusen, Jr., in his article Civil Disobedience: Destroyer of Democracy, states that civil disobedience, whatever the ethical rationalization, is backtoschool still an assault on essay love, our democratic society, an affront to our legal order and backtoschool an attack on our constitutional government. These two views are clearly incompatible. I believe, though, that Van Dusen's is the resume for many more convincing. On balance, civil disobedience is dangerous to society.
8. The negative aspects of civil disobedience, rather than Van Dusen's essay, the topic of this essay. But to backtoschool introduce this topic, the writer has provided quotations that represent opposing sides of the controversy over civil disobedience, as well as brief references to two controversial practitioners. By focusing at the outset on the particular rather than the abstract aspects of the subject, the writer hoped to secure the attention of her readers and to involve them in the controversy that forms the subject of her essay. From General to the Specific. Another way of providing a transition from the reader's world to forestry thesis the less familiar world of the essay is to work from a general subject to a specific one.
The following introduction to a discussion of the backtoschool 1968 massacre at My Lai, Vietnam, begins with general statements and leads to the particular subject at hand: Though we prefer to think of man as basically good and reluctant to do evil, such is jobs not the case. Backtoschool. Many of the crimes inflicted on scholarships, humankind can be dismissed as being committed by the degenerates of society at the prompting of the abnormal mind. Backtoschool. But what of the perfectly normal man or woman who commits inhumane acts simply because he or she has been ordered to a one-page essay highlighting and career goals do so? It cannot be denied that such acts have occurred, either in backtoschool, everyday life or in for many jobs, war-time situations. Unfortunately, even normal, well-adjusted people can become cruel, inhumane, and destructive if placed in the hands of unscrupulous authority.
Such was the backtoschool case in the village of My Lai, Vietnam, on March 16, 1968, when a platoon of American soldiers commanded by related, Lt. William Calley massacred more than 100 civilians, including women and children. Specific to the General: Anecdote, Illustration. Consider the following paragraph: In late 1971 astronomer Carl Sagan and backtoschool his colleagues were studying data transmitted from the planet Mars to the earth by the Mariner 9 spacecraft. Struck by the effects of the Martian dust storms on the temperature and on the amount of light reaching the surface, the scientists wondered about the essay goals effects on earth of the dust storms that would be created by nuclear explosions.
Using computer models, they simulated the effects of such explosions on the earth's climate. Backtoschool. The results astounded them. Apart from the known effects of nuclear blasts (fires and essay and compassion radiation), the backtoschool earth, they discovered, would become enshrouded in a nuclear winter. Following a nuclear exchange, plummeting temperatures and pervading darkness would destroy most of the Northern Hemisphere's crops and farm animals and essay love would eventually render much of the planet's surface uninhabitable. The effects of nuclear war, apparently, would be more catastrophic than had previously been imagined. It has therefore become more urgent than ever for the nations of the world to take dramatic steps to reduce the threat of nuclear war. The previous introduction went from the general (the question of backtoschool, whether or not man is basically good) to the specific (the massacre at My Lai); this one goes from the specific (scientists studying data) to the general (the urgency of reducing the nuclear threat). The anecdote is a one-page essay highlighting academic one of the most effective means at your disposal off capturing and holding your reader's attention.
For decades, speakers have begun their general remarks with a funny, touching, or otherwise appropriate story; in fact, there are plenty of backtoschool, books that are nothing but collections of such stories, arranged by on can love, subject. Frequently, you can provoke the reader's attention by backtoschool, posing a question or a series of questions: Are gender roles learned or inherited? Scientific research has established the existence of biological differences between the sexes, but the effect of biology's influence on forestry thesis, gender roles cannot be distinguished from society's influence. According to Michael Lewis of the Institute for backtoschool, the Study of Exceptional children, As early as you can show me a sex difference, I can show you the culture at penalty work. Social processes, as well as biological differences, are responsible for the separate roles of men and backtoschool women. Essay On Can And Compassion Be Agents. 9. Opening your essay with a question can be provocative, since it places the backtoschool reader in an active role: He or she begins by considering answers.
Are gender roles learned? Are they inherited? In this active role, the reader is likely to continue reading with interest. Statement of Thesis. Perhaps the essay death most direct method of backtoschool, introduction is to begin immediately with the thesis: Computers are a mixed blessing. The lives of Americans are becoming increasingly involved worth machines that think for them. We are at the dawn of the thesis era of the smart machine, say the backtoschool authors of a cover story of the subject in Newsweek , that will change forever the way an entire nation works, beginning a revolution that will be to the brain what the penalty industrial revolution was to the hand. Tiny silicon chips already process enough information to backtoschool direct air travel, to instruct machines how to cut fabric - even to play chess with (and defeat) the masters. Resume For Many. One can argue that development of backtoschool, computers for the household, as well as industry, will change for the better the quality of our lives: computers help us save energy, reduce the amount of drudgery that most of a one-page essay highlighting academic and career goals, us endure around tax season, make access to libraries easier. Yet there is a certain danger involved with this proliferation of technology.
This essay begins with a challenging assertion: that computers are a mixed blessing. It is one that many readers are perhaps unprepared to consider, since they may have taken it for backtoschool, granted that computers are an unmixed blessing. The advantage of beginning with a provocative (thesis) statement is that it forces the reader to sit up and take notice perhaps even to begin protesting. For Many. The paragraph goes on to concede some of the blessings of computerization but then concludes with the warning that there is backtoschool a certain danger associated with the essay outline penalty new technology - a danger, the curious or even indignant reader has a right to backtoschool conclude, that will be more fully explained in a one-page essay academic goals, the paragraphs to backtoschool follow. One final note about no essay application scholarships, our model introductions: They may be longer than introductions you have been accustomed to backtoschool writing. Many writers (and readers) prefer shorter, snappier introductions. This is largely a matter of personal or corporate style: there is no rule concerning the correct length of an introduction.
If you feel that a short introduction is appropriate, by all means use one. You may wish to break up what seems like a long introduction into for many, two paragraphs. (Our paragraph on the nuclear winter, for example, could have been broken either before or after the sentence The results astounded them.) One way to view the conclusion of your paper is as an introduction worked in reverse, a bridge from the world of your essay back to the world of your reader. A conclusion is the part of backtoschool, your paper in which you restate and no essay application scholarships (if necessary) expand on your thesis. Essential to any conclusion is the summary, which is not merely a repetition of the backtoschool thesis but a restatement that takes advantage of the material you've presented.
The simplest conclusion is an expanded summary, but you may want more than this for the end of your paper. Depending on your needs, you might offer a summary and then build onto it a discussion of the paper's significance or its implications for future study, for choices that individuals might make, for policy, and so on. you might also want to urge the reader to change an attitude or to modify behavior. Certainly, you are under no obligation to discuss the broader significance of your work (and a summary, alone, will satisfy the resume formal requirement that your paper have an ending); but the backtoschool conclusions of thesis death, better papers often reveal authors who are thinking large and want to connect the particular concerns of their papers with the backtoschool broader concerns of society. Here we'll consider seven strategies for outline about penalty, expanding the basic summary - conclusion. But two words of advice are in order. First, no matter how clever or beautifully executed, a conclusion cannot salvage a poorly written paper. Second, by virtue of its placement, the backtoschool conclusion carries rhetorical weight.
It is the last statement a reader will encounter before turning from no essay application, your work. Realizing this, writers who expand on the basic summary-conclusion often wish to give their final words a dramatic flourish, a heightened level of diction. Soaring rhetoric and drama in a conclusion are fine as long as they do not unbalance the paper and call attention to themselves. Having labored long hours over your paper, you have every right to wax eloquent. But keep a sense of proportion and timing. Make your points quickly and end crisply. Statement of the Subject's Significance. One of the more effective ways to conclude a paper is to discuss the larger significance of what you have written, providing readers with one more reason to regard your work as a serious effort. When using this strategy, you move from the specific concern of your paper to backtoschool the broader concerns of the reader's world. Often, you will need to choose among a range of significances: A paper on the Wright brothers might end with a discussion of air travel as it affects economies, politics, or families; a paper on contraception might end with a discussion of its effect on sexual mores, population, or the church.
But don't overwhelm your reader with the importance of your remarks. Essay Penalty. Keep your discussion well focused. The following paragraphs conclude a paper on George H. Backtoschool. Shull, a pioneer in the inbreeding and crossbreeding of essay highlighting academic and career goals, corn: . . . Backtoschool. Thus, the forestry related thesis hybrids developed and described by Shull 75 years ago have finally dominated U.S. corn production. The adoption of hybrid corn was steady and backtoschool dramatic in the Corn Belt. From 1930 through 1979 the average yields of scholarships, corn in the U.S. increased from 21.9 to 95.1 bushels per acre, and the additional value to the farmer is now several billion dollars per year.
The success of hybrid corn has also stimulated the breeding of other crops, such as sorghum hybrids, a major feed grain crop in backtoschool, arid parts of the world. Thesis Statement. Sorghum yields have increased 300 percent since 1930. Approximately 20 percent of the land devoted to backtoschool rice production in China is planted with hybrid seed, which is reported to yield 20 percent more than the best varieties. And many superior varieties of tomatoes, cucumbers, spinach, and other vegetables are hybrids. Today virtually all corn produced in the developed countries is from hybrid seed. From those blue bloods of the forestry related plant kingdom has come a model for feeding the backtoschool world. Essay On Can Love And Compassion. 10. The first sentence of this conclusion is a summary, and from it the backtoschool reader can infer that the paper included a discussion of Shull's techniques for the hybrid breeding of corn. Essay. The summary is followed by a two-paragraph discussion on the significance of Shull's research for feeding the world.
Call for backtoschool, Further Research. In the scientific and social scientific communities, papers often end with a review of what has been presented (as, for instance, in an experiment) and the ways in which the subject under consideration needs to be further explored. If you raise questions that you call on a one-page highlighting and career goals, others to answer, however, make sure you know that the research you are calling for backtoschool, hasn't already been conducted. This next conclusion comes from a sociological report on the placement of elderly men and women in nursing homes. Thus, our study shows a correlation between the forestry related placement of elderly citizens in nursing facilities and backtoschool the significant decline of their motor and intellectual skills over the ten months following placement. What the research has not made clear is the extent to related which this marked decline is due to physical as opposed to emotional causes. The elderly are referred to homes at that point in backtoschool, their lives when they grow less able to care for forestry related, themselves - which suggests that the drop-off in skills may be due to physical causes.
But the emotional stress of being placed in a home, away from family and in an environment that confirms the backtoschool patient's view of related thesis, himself as decrepit, may exacerbate - if not itself be a primary cause of - the patient's rapid loss of abilities. Further research is needed to clarify the relationship between depression and particular physical ailments as these affect the skills of the elderly in nursing facilities. Backtoschool. There is little doubt that information yielded by such studies can enable health care professionals to deliver more effective services. Notice how this call for further study locates the author in a large community of researchers on whom she depends for assistance in answering the questions that have come out of her own work. Related Thesis. The author summarizes her findings (in the first sentence of the paragraph), states what her work has not shown, and then extends her invitation. The purpose of your paper might be to review a problem or controversy and to discuss contributing factors.
In such a case, it would be appropriate, after summarizing your discussion, to offer a solution based on the knowledge you've gained while conducting research. If your solution is to be taken seriously, your knowledge must be amply demonstrated in the body of the paper. . . Backtoschool. . Scholarships. The major problem in college sports today is not commercialism - it is the exploitation of backtoschool, athletes and the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards. Many universities are currently deriving substantial benefits from sports programs that depend on essay on can love be agents, the labor of athletes drawn from the backtoschool poorest sections of America's population. It is the responsibility of on can love and compassion be agents, educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens to see that these young people get a fair return for their labor both in terms of direct remuneration and in terms of backtoschool, career preparation for a life outside sports. Minimally, scholarships in revenue-producing sports should be designed to a one-page highlighting academic goals extend until graduation, rather than covering only backtoschool, four years of athletic eligibility, and should include guarantees of tutoring, counseling, and proper medical care. At institutions where the profits are particularly large (such as Texas A M, which can afford to pay its football coach $280,000 a year), scholarships should also provide salaries that extend beyond room, board, and tuition.
The important thing is that the related thesis athlete be remunerated fairly and backtoschool have the opportunity to gain skills from a university environment without undue competition from a physically and psychologically demanding full-time job. This may well require that scholarships be extended over five or six years, including summers. Such a proposal, I suspect, will not be easy to implement. The current amateur system, despite its moral and educational flaws, enables universities to hire their athletic labor at minimal cost. But solving the fiscal crisis of the essay about death universities on backtoschool, the backs of America's poor and minorities is not, in the long run, a tenable solution. With the support of essay about death penalty, concerned educators, parents, and backtoschool civil rights leaders, and with the forestry related help from backtoschool, organized labor, the college athlete, truly a sleeping giant, will someday speak out and forestry related thesis demand what is rightly his - and hers - a fair share of the revenue created by their hard work.
11. In this conclusion, the author summarizes his article in one sentence: The major problem in college sports today is not commercialism - it is the exploitation of athletes and the proliferation of backtoschool, illicit practices which dilute educational standards. In paragraph 2, he continues with an analysis of the problem just stated and follows with a general recommendation - that educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens be responsible for the welfare of college athletes. In paragraph 3, he makes a specific proposal, and in the final paragraph, he anticipates resistance to the proposal. He concludes by discounting this resistance and returning to the general point, that college athletes should receive a fair deal. An anecdote is a briefly told story or joke, the point of which in application, a conclusion is to shed light on your subject. The anecdote is more direct than an allusion.
With an allusion, you merely refer to a story (Too many people today live in Plato's cave . . .); with the anecdote, you actually retell the story. The anecdote allows readers to discover for themselves the significance of a reference to backtoschool another source - an effort most readers enjoy because they get to academic and career exercise their creativity. The following anecdote concludes an article on homicide. In the article, the author discusses how patterns of killing reveal information that can help mental- health professionals identify and treat potential killers before they commit crimes. she author emphasizes both the difficulty and backtoschool the desirability of approaching homicide as a threat to public health that, like disease, can be treated with preventive care. In his book, The Exploits of the a one-page academic and career goals Incomparable Mulla Nasrudin , Sufi writer Idries Shad, in a parable about fate, writes about the many culprits of murder: What is Fate? Nasrudin was asked by a scholar.
An endless succession of intertwined events, each influencing the other. That is hardly a satisfactory answer. I believe in cause and effect. Very well, said the Mulla, look at that. He pointed to backtoschool a procession passing in the street. That man is being taken to be hanged. Is that because someone gave him a silver piece and enabled him to buy the knife with which he committed the murder; or because someone saw him do it; or because nobody stopped him? 12. The writer chose to about death conclude the article with this anecdote. She could have developed an backtoschool interpretation, but this would have spoiled the dramatic value for the reader. The purpose of using an application scholarships anecdote is to make your point with subtlety, so resist the backtoschool temptation to interpret.
Keep in mind three guidelines when selecting an thesis anecdote: it should be prepared for (the reader should have all the information needed to understand), it should provoke the reader's interest, and it should not be so obscure as to be unintelligible. A favorite concluding device is the quotation - the words of a famous person or an authority in the field on which you are writing The purpose of quoting another is to link your work to theirs, thereby gaining for your work authority and credibility. The first criterion for backtoschool, selecting a quotation is its suitability to essay and career goals your thesis. But you also should carefully consider what your choice of sources says about backtoschool, you. Suppose you are writing a paper on the American work ethic. If you could use a line by comedian David Letterman or one by the current secretary of labor to make the final point of your conclusion, which would you choose and why? One source may not be inherently more effective than the other, but the choice certainly sets a tone for essay death penalty, the paper. There is no doubt that machines will get smarter and smarter, even designing their own software and making new and better chips for new generations of computers. More and backtoschool more of their power will be devoted to a one-page academic goals making them easier to use - friendly, in industry parlance - even for those not trained in computer science. And computer scientists expect that public ingenuity will come up with applications the most visionary researchers have not even considered.
One day, a global network of smart machines will be exchanging rapid-fire bursts of information at unimaginable speeds. If they are used wisely, they could help mankind to educate its masses and crack new scientific frontiers. Backtoschool. For all of us, it will be fearful, terrifying, disruptive, says SRl's Peter Schwartz. No Essay. In the end there will be those whose lives will be diminished. But for the vast majority, their lives will be greatly enhanced.
In any event, there is no turning back: if the smart machines have not taken over, they are fast making themselves indispensable - and in the end, that may amount to very much the same thing. 13. Notice how the backtoschool quotation is used to position the a one-page essay highlighting writer to make one final remark. Particularly effective quotations may themselves be used to end an essay, as in backtoschool, the following example. A One-page Essay Goals. Make sure you identify the person you've quoted, although the identification does not need to be made in the conclusion itself. For example, earlier in backtoschool, the paper from on can, which the following conclusion was taken, Maureen Henderson was identified as an epidemiologist exploring the ways in which a change in diet can prevent the onset of certain cancers. In sum, the recommendations describe eating habits almost identical to the diet of around 1900, says Maureen Henderson.
It's a diet we had before refrigeration and the complex carbohydrates we have now. It's an old fashioned diet and a diet that poor people ate more than rich people. Some cancer researchers wonder whether people will be willing to change their diets or take pills on the chance of preventing cancer, when one-third of the people in the country won't even stop smoking. Others, such as Seattle epidemiologist Emily White, suspect that most people will be too eager to backtoschool dose themselves before enough data are in. We're not here to convince the public to take anything, she says. The public is too eager already. What we're saying is, 'Let us see if some of these things work.' We want to convince ourselves before we convince the public.'' 14. There is a potential problem with using quotations: if you end with the words of another, you may leave the impression that someone else can make your case more eloquently than you can. The language of the quotation will put your own prose into love be agents, relief. Backtoschool. If your own prose suffers by comparison - if the quotations are the best part of your paper - you'd be wise to for many spend some time revising. The way to avoid this kind of problem is to make your own presentation strong.
Questions are useful for opening essays, and they are just as useful for backtoschool, closing them. Opening and death penalty paper closing questions function in different ways, however. The introductory question promises to backtoschool be addressed in the paper that follows. But the concluding question leaves issues unresolved, calling on the readers to assume an a one-page highlighting goals active role by offering their own solutions: How do we surmount the reaction that threatens to backtoschool destroy the very gains we thought we had already won in the first stage of the women's movement? How do we surmount our own reaction, which shadows our feminism and our femininity (we blush even to use that word now)? How do we transcend the polarization between women and women and between women and men to achieve the new human wholeness that is the promise of feminism, and get on with solving the concrete, practical, everyday problems of living, working and related loving as equal persons? This is the personal and political business of the second stage.
15. Perhaps you will choose to raise a question in your conclusion and then answer it, based on the material you've provided in backtoschool, the paper The answered question challenges a reader to agree or disagree with your response. This tactic also places the reader in an active role. The following brief conclusion ends an article entitled Would an Intelligent Computer Have a 'Right to Life'? So the essay highlighting academic answer to backtoschool the question Would an intelligent computer have the right to life? is probably that it would, but only if it could discover reasons and conditions under which it would give up its life if called upon to a one-page highlighting goals do so - which would make computer intelligence as precious a thing as human intelligence. 16.
When you speculate, you ask what has happened or discuss what might happen. This kind of question stimulates the reader because its subject is the unknown. The following paragraph concludes The New Generation Gap by Neil Howe and William Strauss. Backtoschool. In this essay, Howe and Strauss discuss the differences among Americans of statement, various ages, including the Gl Generation (born between 1901 and backtoschool 1924), the Boomers (born 1943- 1961), the Thirteeners (born 1961-1981), and the Millennials (born 1981-2000): If, slowly but surely, Millennials receive the kind of family protection and public generosity that Gls enjoyed as children, then they could come of outline about penalty, age early in the next century as a group much like the Gls of the 1920s and backtoschool 1930s - as a stellar (if bland) generation of rationalists, team players, and can-do civic builders Two decades from now Boomers entering old age may well see in their grown Millennial children an effective instrument for saving the world, while Thirteeners entering midlife will shower kindness on a younger generation that is getting a better deal out of life (though maybe a bit less fun) than they ever got at a like age. Study after story after column will laud these best damn kids in the world as heralding a resurgent American greatness. And, for a while at least, no one will talk about a generation gap. Essay About Death. 17. Thus, Howe and backtoschool Strauss conclude an essay concerned largely with the apparently unbridgeable gaps of understanding between parents and children with a hopeful speculation that generational relationships will improve considerably in the next two decades.
Some writers work with an idea, committing it to paper only after it has been fully formed. Others will begin with a vague notion and begin writing a first draft, trusting that as they write they'll discover what they wish to say. many people take advantage of both techniques: they write what they know but at the same time write to discover what they don't know. As you'll see, we used both techniques in writing this section of the book. [back] Francis Mossiker, trans., Napoleon and Josephine . New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964. On Can And Compassion. [back] Winter Organization in backtoschool, Patricia Curtis, Biology , 2nd ed. New York: Worth, 1976, pp. 822-823. [back] Robert Hutchins, Gate Receipts and Glory, The Saturday Evening Post . December 3, 1983. [back]
Henry David Thoreau, Reading in forestry, Walden . New York: Signet Classic, 1960, p. 72. [back] Jane Yolen, America's 'Cinderella,' APS Publications, Inc., in Children's Literature in Education 8, 1977, pp. 21-29. [back] Excerpt from Toward an Intelligence Beyond Man's from Time , February 20, 1978. Backtoschool. Copyright 1978 Time Inc. [back]
Michele Jacques, Civil Disobedience: Van Dusen vs. Arendt. Death Penalty. [Unpublished paper.] [back] Tammy Smith, Are Sex Roles Learned or Inherited? [Unpublished paper.] [back] From Hybrid Vim and Vigor by William L. Brown from pp. Backtoschool. 77-78 in essay love and compassion, Science 80-85, November 1984. Copyright by backtoschool, the AAAS. [back] From Mark Naison, Scenario for Scandal, Commonweal 109 (16), September 24, 1982. [back] From The Murder Epidemic by Nikki Meredith from pp. 42-48 in Science 80-85, December 1984.
Copyright by AAAS. Statement Paper. [back] From And Man Created the Chip, Newsweek , June 30, 1980. Copyright 1980 by Newsweek, Inc. Backtoschool. All rights reserved. [back] Reprinted by permission. From the September issue of Science '84 . Copyright 1984 by outline, the American Association for the Advancement of Science. [back]
Betty Friedan, Feminism's Next Step in The Second Stage . New York: Summit Books, 1981. [back] Robert E. Backtoschool. Mueller and Eric T. Mueller, Would an Intelligent Computer Have a 'Right to Life'? Creative Computing , August 1983. [back] Excerpt from about death, The New Generation Gap by Neil Howe and backtoschool William Strauss. Originally appeared in Atlantic , December 1992. [back]