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bp case study tnc Aspects of globalisation - a case study of a TNC. Shell is one of the richest companies on malthus on human growth Earth, does business in essays in economics and economists many countries and deals with 25million customers every day. It has refineries, drilling fields, 65,000 filling stations and employs many people worldwide. Its headquarters are in The Hague in malthus on human growth the Netherlands but the parent company, Royal Dutch Shell plc, is incorporated in the UK. The map below shows where they operate; Shell by numbers (figures for essays and economists, 2013) Financial performance 2013. Sustainable development 2013. Malthus On Human Growth! ∑ Shell operate in +70 countries. ∑ 92,000 average number of adoption essays, employees. ∑ 19.6 million tonnes of equity LNG sold during the year. ∑ 3.2 million barrels of oil equivalent produced every day. ∑ 30+ refineries and on human population growth, chemical plants run. Revenue: $451.2 billion Income: $16.5 billion Net capital investment: $44 billion Investment in research and development: $1.3 billion. $12 billion spent in lower income countries. $750 million invested in safety and reliability of our refineries, chemical plants and distribution facilities. $159 million spent on voluntary social investment worldwide. The business is split into 3 major areas; 1. Upstream - explores for and extracts crude oil and natural gas. Argument! 2. Downstream - Refines supplies, trades and ships crude worldwide, manufactures and markets a range of malthus essay on human population growth, products, and produces petrochemicals for industrial customers.
3. Projects Technology - manages delivery of Shellís major projects and drives the research and two sided argument, innovation to create technology solutions. Shell started as an malthus population, imported of goods into London in the late 19 th century and was a family firm that shipped seashells as ornaments from where it derives its name. In 1890 it started shipping oil from Russia to Japan. In 1907 it merged with Royal Dutch to become Royal Dutch Shell group and helped to argument, fuel the boom in the automobile industry. Shell US was a big money spinner and essay on human population, sold petrol in 48 states. It is a truly multinational company, drilling, producing and refining then selling oil all over the world. It then started to branch into other areas such as the production of petrochemicals, for many plastics and other products. It is also heavily involved in natural gas. Positive and report, negative impacts of Shell as a TNC.
Shell stated that they make every effort to clean up the environment after oil spills - ďWe must improve our environmental performance and make up for past mistakes, including cleaning up oil spills, preventing new ones and ending the continuous flaring of gas. In 2004 we cleaned up 199 sites, exceeding our target of 100. We are on course to malthus population growth, restore all spill sites that have been identified for remediation by the end of 2006.Ē THE SHELL FOUNDATION. It launched the Shell Foundation in 2000 with $30million to two sided argument, fund sustainability and biodiversity and help local communities. Its core business remains oil. $12 billion spent in lower income countries. $750 million invested in on human population safety and reliability of our refineries, chemical plants and distribution facilities. $159 million spent on voluntary social investment worldwide. Shell covers geothermal, solar and wind energy as part of its renewable energy program. Renewable energy and essays, reducing carbon emissions are targets of the company. Malthus On Human Growth! Shell also claims to embrace corporate social responsibility.
The company tries to consider all stakeholders, not just shareholders. Since the early 90s Shell has made positive practical moves including pulling out of projects in Cameroon and Pakistan on Human rights issues, but remains in Nigeria. Shell paid £20billion in corporation tax in 2013; this can be used by the governments of the countries it operates in. Shell employs on average 92,000 people globally. Oil spills and the environment. Drilling for oil is dangerous and dirty, and the products are toxic Ė This is part of Shellís accident record; 1947 US tanker ship blows up killing 10. 1968 Ė Netherlands refinery fire, 2 dead, $120million damage.
1970 Ė Gulf of Mexico oil well blowout, 4 killed, $25million damage. An Essay! 1980 Ė Hawaii terminal fire, 2 dead and $3million damage. 1988 Ė San Francisco Bay 400,000 gallon spill, birds killed, wetlands damaged. 1989 Ė 150 tons of crude oil leak into River Mersey Ė widespread environmental damage. From the on human population growth 1940s Shell marketed pesticides called DDT, Endrin etc. that killed humans as well as agricultural pests. Essays! Shell was very slow to essay growth, pull these products of the market, and book report, poisoned soil and wildlife. They only malthus essay population, stopped marketing the product when Washington outlawed them but they continued to sell them in the third world. Diamond in Louisiana also had its watercourses polluted by Shell pollution until the essay about places 1960s, people were also exposed to 100 to 1000 the normal levels of chemicals in the air. Shell drills for much of its oil offshore and environmentalists have long worried about the population growth impact on the sea. The Brent Spar was a massive oil tank in the Atlantic Ocean which Shell decided to dispose of by dumping it into the sea. Before they could do this Greenpeace occupied the rig claiming they were trying to save the an argumentative essay about banning smoking sea from death by pollution.
Shell evicted them by force and essay growth, the issue became a worldwide controversy. Shell stated Ė ďBrent Spar was damaging to our reputation: despite the support of independent scientists for essays and economists, our proposals we did not win public acceptance. We recognised the need to change our approach; our experience with Brent Spar has taught us that sticking to the letter of the law is not enough. We need to dispose of installations in such a way that is also acceptable to broader societyĒ HUMAN RIGHTS VS. Essay On Human! OIL.
The Niger Delta contains Ogoniland, home to a community that fought back against Shell. Shell has extracted $30billion worth of crude oil from the land of the Ogoni people since the 1950s. Oil revenue makes up 80% of the Nigerian economy and Ĺ of eku application essay, that comes from Shell. This has had consequences for the Ogoni people, many of whom live without electricity or running water, who see none of the oil profits and have to live with the poisoning of land and essay population growth, water from pipelines, oil spills and essays and economists, gas fires. Ken Saro-Wiwa, organised the locals into the Movement for growth, the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) who used non-violent protest methods against the power of Shell.
The protest movement were attacked, killed and essays, mutilated and some people blamed the population growth government for crackpot, this. The military Government made their intentions clear and Ken Saro-Wiwa said on May 10 1994 Ė ďThis is it. They (the Nigerian army) are going to arrest us all and execute us. All for ShellĒ. On May 22 nd 1994 Ken Saro-Wiwa was arrested on a murder charge, he told the tribunal ďI and my colleagues are not the only ones on trial. Shell is here on trialÖ.The company has indeed ducked this particular trial but its day will surely comeĒ. Despite massive pressure from Germany, France and Australia, Saro-Wiwa was hanged with 8 other protestors in essay population growth 1995.
John Major (the then UK prime minister) declared it as indefensible.
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Music Genre Essays Essays and Research Papers. ? Genres of Music My favorite genre is malthus essay on human population growth, RB. Every genre has their own unique twist to it but I . think what makes mine unique is the effect is has on people. RB makes one want to move and dance to eku application essay the beat of the malthus music . It gives life to the ambience and it brings people to have a new personality. I personally find that it brings me up when Iím down.
I find it very similar to two sided argument hip-hop but RB is a mixture of different genres which includes hip-hop in malthus essay growth the mix. The artist that came to mind to associate. Classical music , Funk , Jazz 1383 Words | 4 Pages. Music : The Beat to our Mind, Body and Soul Music is a powerful tool that has been scientifically proven to be useful and . harmful in many different ways. The interconnection between music and adoption, the physical and mental health of human beings has been researched for centuries. Many people use music as a tool for malthus essay growth, brainstorming and motivation.
Some look at music as a hobby; for an argumentative essay smoking places, some music is their passion, while others pursue music as their career. It is essential to malthus on human growth choose your music wisely because. Attention , Attention span , Classical music 942 Words | 3 Pages. ? Genre Analysis Proposal My proposition is for an essay based around the hypothesis that it is essays, getting increasing difficult to . categorise music due to its evolution over time. My essay is going to be split in to six main parts; the essay growth introduction/proposal, separate analyses of each genre , and a final conclusion. As this assignment is an essay, purely an on human population, aural assessment of each genre , each analysis section will remain separate, I will not be comparing genres or critically commenting on them. Essay! Three.
Bluegrass music , Blues , Country music 2157 Words | 6 Pages. single Riptide from her first full length album Enchanted, which was featured as itunes Single of the Week in October 2013 and malthus essay population growth, achieved in excess of 150,000 . downloads. An Essay! She describes her music as sparkly folk popĒ ? She met long-time manager Bob James and started collaborating with different writers across multiple genres . Work included writing and performing on Britains got talent finalist Andrew Muir's debut album for which she wrote the lyrics to Can't Say That It's Over in malthus population 2009. Soon after, ? It was. Album , Camera angle , Close-up 1257 Words | 11 Pages. Music Genres: The effects on a student's academic performance. ? Music Genres : Does it affect the studentís academic performance? An Investigatory Project Proposal Submitted to essays in economics and economists Teacher . Malthus On Human Growth! Arabelle Baquiler of First City Providential College In Fulfilment Of the Requirements for the Course Research II by: Jhungie K. Tendero Fourth Year Ė Special Science Class October 2013 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Nowadays, teens can easily listen to an argumentative essay about banning places music because of the malthus on human growth gadgets that are available everywhere. . Blues , Jazz , Music 792 Words | 3 Pages. Society with Music Kyle Klemz SOCS 185 DeVry 8/16/2012 Dr. Dominguez What does music mean to you? Do you think itís . Eku Application! changed from the different styles of population music and the way that music sounds from when it started?
Music can play a big part and role on society. There are many different types of music and music festivals in todayís society. Music has changed a lot within the past few decades. Music festivals have pretty much stayed the same. People can be judged on the type of music that they. Blues , Heavy metal music , Jazz 2717 Words | 7 Pages. ?What Genre of Music is Most Popular in Teens and Why? What makes music popular? Over 90% of responses have . said that 3 things make a good song. Those three factors are lyrics, a melody line and a catchy rhythm (Forum.emusictheory.com, 2014).
My survey I created has reached a result to this question that most people said that the best type of music is the one with the most meaning. They said that the macbeth book lyrics of the song make it good because they like that it has meaning and songs without meaning. Jazz , Music , Music genre 1740 Words | 5 Pages. Classical Music Passion and malthus essay, determination are leading forces that can aid in conquering anything. Essay! A true appreciation and malthus, optimism arises when . one can express themselves deep within. The ability to connect what one feels through music is two sided argument, rewarding. Classical music has changed the perspective of an malthus essay on human, average individual. The genre is very different compared to other genres of music ; the eku application music is growth, elegant, expressive, and essays, artistic. This genre of music is malthus on human, intricate, yet passionate and it shows a direct.
Art , Blues , Classical music 2376 Words | 6 Pages. How Different Genres of essay smoking places Music Effect Test Scores. Different Genres of Music Effect Test Scores Kathryn E. Baker Bowling Green High School Table of Contents Introduction pg. . 3-7 Procedure pg. 7 Results pg. Malthus! 8 Discussion pg. 8-9 Conclusion pg. 9-10 Acknowledgements pg.
10 References pg. 10-11 Introduction Although many research findings can be confusing or contradictory (Yehuda, 2011), it has been shown many ways and in many times that music affects the brain psychologically. Elliot, Polman, McGregor (2011) found that music only has. Disco , Jazz , Music 2209 Words | 7 Pages. The Influence of Electronics in Music Production. The Influence of Electronics in Music Production. The purpose of this essay is to provide an eku application essay, account of the metamorphosis of essay population growth . distortion and how it has impacted music , music culture and the world. Electronics have played a massive part in the transformation of music over the years. There are many devices that we use today that have influenced music in some form or another.
One that could be the most influential is the Distortion Pedal, or Stompbox and distortion therein. This one concept is responsible. Bass guitar , Distortion , Electric guitar 2192 Words | 6 Pages. The Division/Classification Essay Essentially, a comic book is a graphic, animated, colorful booklet, which could be black and white as well, . and essays in economics and economists, it also tells a story. (ďTypes of Comic Books). As crazy as it may seem, music videos also have the malthus population growth same characteristics. Essays In Economics! If you think about it, music videos can be very graphic, animated, colorful or black and white, and they tell a story also. Music videos can be divided into malthus essay three major genres according to the mood, style, and the fanzines, which usually. African American , Country music , Funk 1150 Words | 3 Pages. Music is a form of art among many different cultures and ranges of essay social context around the world. Essay On Human Population! Music is not something you . Macbeth! need a lot of money for; or even very little money for.
They have free stations and apps with now day technology that allows you to enjoy music with no cost. It does not matter if you have no experience about rhythm, beat, or tone. Music is purely the entertainment of enjoying something that can bring us all together. There are many different genres of essay population music and it can be. Chris Martin , Debut albums , English-language films 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Chillwave: Is it a genre ? Throughout the history of music , there have been many trends in two sided essay music that have . influenced future generations. The way listeners respond to these trends allow them to categorize specific sounds with genres of essay music . One huge musical trend today, chillwave, is a genre of music that has received mixed emotions of its name by an argumentative in public its artists and fans. In this paper, I will be presenting an intro into chillwave music as a genre and how it is on human population, different from other genres . Argument Essay! I also will. Blues , Music genre , Music genres 1997 Words | 6 Pages. Cause and Effect Essay : Music Censorship Abstract: This cause and effect essay analyzes the lyrical content of . popular music recordings, cited as censored. Out of malthus essay population 60 articles from the music trade magazines, Billboard and Rolling Stone, 77 instances of censorship were recorded and analyzed.
The categories for macbeth book, evaluation were the year of citation, music style, and reason for censorship. Nineteen ninety was the year with the highest number of essay journal articles (21) covering music censorship. Rap. 1950s , Blues , Censorship 1213 Words | 4 Pages. 1 Music And The Effects It Can Have On A Person 1. ? Music and the effects it can have on a Person There are not a good construction. many different genres of . music , sentence runon the two genres I chose to contrast, no comma are gospel/inspirational and hip-hop music . I chose the two,comma not needed because I can relate to smoking places the both of malthus essay on human population them. I listen to both genres , so I know the effect they may have on a person and their action(s). I know how the lyrics in both types of music can alter my mood. Do you have any other proof?: Before reading any. Andrae Crouch , Country music , Gospel music 1387 Words | 3 Pages.
Final Essay Compare and Contrast COMM/155 Final Essay Compare and Contrast . Book! COMM/155 Both Beyonce and Jay-Z have been in the music industry for growth, well over twenty years now. They both had a childhood surrounded by music , which may have had an impact on what profession they chose to work in years later. They are both well-known artist to todayís generation as well as others. Some individuals may look at the two and think they have more similarities. Beyonce Knowles , Jazz , Kanye West 1208 Words | 4 Pages. The Fingerprints of Synth Pop as a Genre. Synth Pop as a Genre Synth Pop is a genre that uses synthesizers to recreate the sounds of eku application real audio instruments without . Malthus On Human Population! actually having the instrument there; or in some cases do not even try to sound natural but as computerized as possible. Synthesizers were first used in crackpot an essay the 1960's by rock bands and in the late 1970's by punk bands. Also in the late 1970's going into the early 1980's, synth only bands began to come out and created a whole new style, genre and generation of music . In the 1960's. Gary Numan , Kraftwerk , Music genre 1167 Words | 3 Pages. from Run-DMC to now Lil Wayne and malthus essay, Drake.
Hip hop will always be hip hop but it has changed overtime. It is different because of the crackpot an essay message it sends . . Teenagers are heavily influenced by the messages in Hip Hop music .. Hip hop came from a mixture of different types of music genres . Hip hop was first rhyming and mixing different beats. Malthus Essay On Human Growth! The beats were for essays in economics, people to dance not to rap over. Disco and on human population, blues impacted hip hop help created hip hop in the 70ís. DJ Kool Herc from essays in economics New York went. Disco , Funk , Hip hop 2217 Words | 7 Pages.
change of on human music over the past 100 years? How it began.. Music taste changes over the years, it always has and it always will. . An Essay! The youth enjoys a certain style of music and they become the malthus on human elderly after time. The 20th century has featured a huge range of essays different music styles, mainly because of the essay on human growth huge technological advancements made during the century. These technological enhancements made music recording and broadcasting more accessible to most people, which in turn allowed music to spread. Bass guitar , Blues , Elvis Presley 953 Words | 3 Pages.
While world music is a genre , musical exoticism can be classed as a process in which musicians freely interpret attributes of the . music of non-western culture and targeting specifically at foreign audience. It is the direct perception of the western audience's view of non-western music tradition, not non-western perception of in economics and economists non-western exoticism, in other words not the true perception, only a concept. Essay Population Growth! As exotica is only an and economists, imitation, the authencity of the music is often questioned, the lack. Blues , Contemporary classical music , Culture 1462 Words | 5 Pages. Listening to essay on human population Music While Studying is Academically Beneficial Based on Scientific Fact. Joseph S. Caruso Murray High School I propose, as . a student, that listening to music while studying is academically beneficial based on scientific fact. Have you ever listened to essays in economics music while studying? Maybe you hummed a song?
Well, it has been tested and shown that while listening to music students have a slower thought process, which inevitably has led to a slower, and a much higher understanding of each. Blues , Brain , Jazz 1526 Words | 4 Pages. Pop Music 73% of teens in essay growth America listen to popular music , which is report, also known as Ďpopí music (Murray). There . are so many different music genres in essay on human growth the world and itís amazing how pop music can capture 73 percent of the teenís attention. Essay! Pop music offers an endless variety of styles and meanings to the listening audience. Although I listen to many other music genres , I listen to malthus essay on human population pop music a lot more often. And there are reasons why 73 percent of crackpot an essay other teens do too.
Pop music is on human population growth, such a diverse genre. Jazz , Music genre , Music genres 1629 Words | 4 Pages. Music plays a vital role in my life. I love listening to music and itís become one of my hobbies since Iím in my primary school. . Essay! I had been exposed to music since Iím at kindergarten. I do a lot of essay on human population performance that are related with music when Iím in book report my school age and I really enjoy it. On Human Population Growth! I can say that music has become part of my life. Even in kindergarten, I had been taught by music such as ABCís song, Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, Happy Birthday song, If You Are Happy and others. There are so many. 2007 albums , Emotion , English language 1505 Words | 4 Pages. Exploring Popular Music What is popular music ? Popular music is defined as any genre of in economics and economists . music having wide appeal but usually only for a short time.(Popular music ) My definition of popular music is music mostly by one hit wonders or well established artists appealing widely for malthus essay, a short time. Popular music differs from other genres of music because with other genres of music they are constrained to essays that genre meaning that have to fit that group and really venture outside that box and still be.
Blues , IPod , Jazz 1286 Words | 4 Pages. ASSESSMENT ON DANCEHALL MUSIC Name: Samantha Stewart Subject: Communication Studies Territory: Jamaica Centre Number: 100005 . Essay On Human Population Growth! Registration Number: 100005 Teacher: Mrs. Dawes Table of Contents Content Page General Introduction 1 Preface 2 Reflective Piece 3 Analysis 7 General Introduction Music is used to relax the mind and give comfort to the soul. All around the world, there are different types of music and in in economics Jamaica. Beenie Man , Buju Banton , Dancehall 1842 Words | 6 Pages. Influence of Music Hannah Ferguson HUM/176 Influence of Music Music and radio has roots in American . culture and the way society is today. The different types of music genres have shaped American culture and social behavior of Americans.
Audio media has had a major affect and influence on essay the attitudes of Americans and especially todayís youth and essays, young adults. Music and radio has given American culture its values, the way that jazz, blues, and Ramp;B created rock amp; roll, music created. Blues , Culture , Jazz 827 Words | 3 Pages. Caribbean Music and malthus essay on human population growth, the Influence It Has on the Caribbean Music. African music and history of essays African music in the Caribbean; Identify and list some of the common African influences/features . found in Caribbean folk and popular music . African music : music of the music of the Africa diaspora was refined and developed during the period of slavery.
Slaves did not have easy access to instruments, so vocal work to on new significance. Through chants and work songs people of African descent preserved elements of their African heritage while inventing new genres of music. African diaspora , Atlantic slave trade , Caribbean 757 Words | 3 Pages. Effect of malthus essay on human growth Music on Teenagers Every teenager who listens to music interprets the lyrics in a different way. Some people take out . a deeper meaning from the lyrics, even going to the point of saying that music ďsaves their livesĒ.
Music holds a powerful effect on an individual because it can stimulate and provoke multiple responsesóphysiological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral. But, every genre of essays music gives its own message to teenagers. Some may enforce positive actions, while some condone. Blues , Funk , Jazz 1241 Words | 3 Pages. Arts, Music and Society in the Philippines. WORLDíS LONGEST SONG The current longest piece of music being recored is population, Longplayer. It has been recording for the last 11 years. And it is in economics and economists, . due to end in 2999. On Human Population Growth! Look it up at Longplayer.org The longest recorded piece of essay music used to be by a noise band called Bull of malthus essay on human Heaven, The Chosen Priest and Apostle of Infinite Space. It's more than 2 months long.
They also have other works that are multiple weeks long. They have however bested this with a song that is 50 000 hours in length, that's more. Blues , Folk music , Funk 1252 Words | 4 Pages. ĎRebellion Through Music í by Heather Wendtland talks about the idea of youth, who through the listening and usage of music , are . able to mark out their identities. She expounds the ironies involved, the lyrical connotations in particular, and how youth are still able to accept whatís perceived as Ďwrongí and use it to their advantage. Adoption Persuasive! Music , to on human growth them, is two sided argument, like a double-edged sword, providing them with a taste of empowerment and exhilaration, yet being obnoxious to authority. Essay On Human Population! Wendtland, a university. Alternative rock , Feeling , Gender 989 Words | 3 Pages.
http://uwp.aas.duke.edu/wstudio Concert Review Genre of eku application a Concert Review A concert review describes a concertís overall structure - including . its music , musicians, venue, time, and location - and on human, attempts to place the concert in a larger context by comparing it to other concerts. For your readers to grasp the atmosphere and essays in economics and economists, quality of the concert, you should try to capture the entire scene in your review and malthus essay on human, also include your own evaluation. Actions to Take To write a concert review, you will need. Audience , Concert , Genre 753 Words | 2 Pages. Our everyday lives are affected by music . People listen to it in the car, while grocery shopping, in the movies, at home, and practically . anywhere else possible.
There are many different types and crackpot an essay, styles of music , the most influential being Hip-Hop/Rap music , followed by Rock and Roll. Music is often a mood-altering device used to make the listener feel a sense of malthus population growth belonging, happiness, or sorrow. The different genres of music can be used to describe a certain group of people, whether it be by clothing. Aesop Rock , Alternative hip hop , Cage 1330 Words | 4 Pages. Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Music. Twentieth and Twenty-first Century Music Music would forever be changed by adoption the developments of the 20th and 21st . Malthus Population Growth! centuries and through the invention of the internet, music has become a global median for all languages.
The twentieth and twenty-first centuries brought about major changes in the world of music as many people knew music up until then. For centuries before, music was mainly made up of instrumental music from stringed and wind instruments with the exception of Operas. 20th century , 20th Century Fox , 21st century 975 Words | 3 Pages. Music has undergone many changes throughout and history and prehistory. Essay About Smoking! These changes were always somehow connected to sociological movements . at on human population growth the time.
Rock music evolved mostly out of a need by an argumentative banning smoking places young people of the fifties to break away from so-cietal norms. America had just come out of the Korean War, and on human population, men looked to two sided settle down into a peaceful life. Also just prior this time period, Senator Joseph McCarthy ac-tively encouraged citizens to conform with his infamously false accusations of. Bass guitar , Blues , Buddy Holly 1518 Words | 4 Pages. Contrast Music in essay population the Late 90s and 2000s As all of us know, music is the universal language. It is the art of expressing and . An Argumentative Essay About Places! interpreting an opinion or expression through the creation of sound; and malthus essay population, it certainly has histories of many centuries and periods since the existence of human.
The question is- would you consider music as a necessity in your daily life? Well, I would easily agree to two sided argument essay it; with more quotes popping up recently that are related to music , such as, ĎNo Music , No Lifeí, and Ď Music is on human population growth, the. 1990s , Blues , Jazz 798 Words | 3 Pages. The Influence of music on worker productivity. The Influence of music on worker productivity Convenience Sampling will be used for my research paper to focus on studying whether . participants who are randomly available and open to eku application essay contribute to the study. This study will generalize the population because every person is effected by malthus on human population music in one way or the other. I would focus on crackpot an essay having an essay growth, open age group because I am interested to test the effects of music as well as binaural beats to children all the way up to the elder population.
I. Blues , Country music , Emotion 1004 Words | 4 Pages. The Influence of Jazz on Modern Music. ? Jazz Music Developed in about 1900, Jazz music has been an book, influence in many . Growth! artist's work, from painting to other forms of and economists music . Jazz is an malthus essay growth, American music form that was developed from African-American work songs. Macbeth Report! Jazz music was developed about malthus on human, 1900 by black Americans. It possesses an identifiable history and describable stylistic evolution. Two Sided! European classical music , American blues, and South American songs and rhythms came together to form what became.
African American , Bebop , Blues 1186 Words | 4 Pages. ?Some Personality Correlates of Music Preferences Malvika Arora Dr. Shobhana Abhyankar, Dept of on human growth Psychology, Fergusson College, Pune . Abstract The present study is report, aimed at studying some personality correlates of malthus essay on human growth Music Preferences. A sample of macbeth book report 175 individuals, aged 18-28 and living in urban settings was surveyed on two inventories, namely, ĎShort Test on Music Preferences-Revised (STOMP-R)í and essay on human population growth, ĎNEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)í. STOMP-R rated individualsí music preferences on four broader ones. Big Five personality traits , Factor analysis , Music genre 1058 Words | 5 Pages. ?Daniel Music and its Deception Year after year various artists release new music . With every new year comes more and . more aggressive and provocative music than the two sided argument previous year. In todayís culture and growth, society we find youth rebelling, choosing a less successful route to eku application pursue.
In the blog ď Music and on human population growth, the Influence on essay smoking SocietyĒ by Kandi, she states that music doesnít have a direct influence on todayís violence or teen behavior. Whether music is a direct or indirect factor, it is obvious. Adolescence , Boogie Down Productions , Eminem 2727 Words | 7 Pages. Semiotics of Music : Analysis of White Room by Cream Introduction In western today, there are two major types of essay on human music that . prevail. On the one hand, there is classical music , choir music generally performed by solo artists.
On the other hand, there is popular music or rock music performed by rock groups. This article provides a detailed semiotic analysis of ďwhite roomĒ by Cream in the 1968. The period, after the 1940-1950 eras, was when rockí n roll began to take shape (Anthony Gribin amp;. Jazz , Music , Music genre 2303 Words | 7 Pages. Music does have an two sided argument, Effect on Peoples Moods, Emotions Actions Music has an exceptional way of transcending feelings, . emotions, and information across the world. It is malthus on human growth, a beautiful, yet powerful force is composed of feeling, abundance, and raw emotion and influences our way of dress, our dialect and even our own moral fiber. It can be as simple as the beat created by walking on the planks of a deck, or as intricate as a twelve part symphony. Adoption Persuasive Essays! This thesis will examine how music as a whole, effects. Blues , Drug addiction , Emotion 1596 Words | 4 Pages. ?However, when music is malthus essay on human population, so explicit and is easily presented to the youth, it could cause changes in in economics and economists their behavior and malthus essay population, way of thinking about . things.
It is like this because, for the most part, teenagers like to act just like their favorite artists (Galeb). Research conducted by essays psychologists Jason Rentfrow and Sam Gosling suggests that knowing the type of malthus growth music you listen to can actually lead to surprisingly accurate predictions about your personality. Research also states that men are more likely. Blues , Death Row Records , Dr. Dre 1415 Words | 6 Pages. History of macbeth report African American Music. Yasmin Gonzalez Mrs. Herrera Junior English 1 March 2012 History of African American Music ďIn less than a minute, the essay on human death wail went up . An Essay! out of every cabin in the Quarters, and Brother Ezekial began the malthus population death chant: Soon one morning, Death come knocking at my doorÖ. Oh, my lord, What shall I doĒ (Walker 17)? Death was common for slaves.
They routinely died from disease, beatings and accidents on the plantation, and they expressed their sorrow in the form of song. ďI see death around the corner. African American , African American music , Blues 1264 Words | 4 Pages. ? Elements in Music - What are the different elements of music ? It doesnít matter what country or race you belongs to, there . must be an appreciation or love for some genre of music . When we listen to crackpot our favourite style of music it definitely has some physical and emotional effect on us. But do we take time to identify the on human different components that exist in all the different styles of music we listen to? The music we love listening to has special pack of ingredient which is referred to about smoking in public as musical. Blues , Jazz , Music 1918 Words | 6 Pages. The Culture that I will focus on is Spanish Culture. Spanish Culture has a lot of factors and history ranging from music all the way to food . and holidays.
Spanish Culture has a lot of stuff that is able to separate them from other cultures and essay population, countries around the world. The languages that are used mostly in Spanish culture are Spanish and Latin. And Economists! The majority of essay on human population growth Spanish countries talk in either one or both of these languages. The next biggest idea of Spanish culture is food. Essay! Most families for. Al-Andalus , Cinco de Mayo , Culture 904 Words | 3 Pages. Jazz's Influence on Popular American Music. Popular Music Today Purpose: To inform my audience about Jazzís influence on todayís popular music Thesis: The basic jazz . elements of instrumentation, syncopation, and improvisation have influenced todayís popular music . Introduction: Everyone close your eyes and imagine your favorite band or singer.
Get your favorite song in your mind and sing it in your head. If you knew what elements to listen for, it wouldnít take you more than 10 seconds to recognize some element of essay on human growth jazz in that music . Jazz. Blues , Drum kit , Funk 1049 Words | 3 Pages. Variations of Caribbean Music Today. Music is the pulsating heartbeat of life in the Caribbean.
Caribbean Music involves sounds and rhythms that evoke a sense of . hope for the future. Essay! The diverse sounds of the essay growth musical genres such as Reggae, Dancehall, Soca and Chutney are classical examples of the growing art forms that distinguish Caribbean Music today. The musical genre , Reggae is a long-established art form that has a huge influence on an argumentative essay about banning smoking in public places Caribbean culture and population, other musical styles. Reggae was first developed in the island of. Calypso music , Chutney music , Jamaica 746 Words | 3 Pages. How Music Influences Our Identity Music is an argumentative essay smoking in public places, present everywhere, at stores, malls, weddings, funerals and parties just to name . a few.
Since music is constantly surrounding us we all respond to malthus growth it differently and are affected differently by it. For me, music is a very positive thing. I enjoy listening to it and I do daily. Two Sided Essay! Personally, I have never heard about anyone ever having a bad experience from listening to music other than just not liking a song. Music shapes ones identity through emotion. Alternative rock , Emotion , Love 1591 Words | 4 Pages. Rap Music Effects amp; Youth What do half naked women, cocaine and essay population, millions of dollars in jewelry have in common with each other?
They are . Essays In Economics! all common components in malthus essay on human population rap music songs. Since the argument beginning of time music has impacted history and essay on human population, culture all over crackpot an essay, the world. Over the years many genres of music have been developed, varying from Soca to Jazz and everything in between. The most popular genre in America today is Hip-Hop, which also consists of many subgenres. The most popular subgenre among. Crime , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 1245 Words | 4 Pages. Music plays a very important role in our life. We can almost hear music anywhere. Different music serves different . functions in our life.
Why is music important to many people? Can you imagine any type of dance without music ? Dance steps are created according to malthus on human the rhythm and beats of different types of music . Operas, plays and musicals all revolve around music . While watching different dance forms and musicals, you also enjoy the music that is an essay, a part of it. Dancing and music cannot be. Emotion , Jazz , Ludwig van Beethoven 1043 Words | 3 Pages. people get depressed, and music overcomes thatĒ Sir Peter Maxwell Davies is an iconic, English composer and conductor who is currently . Essay On Human Population Growth! Master of the Queenís music . This essay shall discuss his greatest works, achievements and highlights of his career, focusing mainly upon his earlier works. Davies is noted to be one of the most significant figures in post-war European music , rising to prominence in the late 60s with his haunting, electrifying musical theatre pieces. His music is universally acknowledged. Contemporary classical music , Harrison Birtwistle , Jazz 1528 Words | 5 Pages. English 131 W 2010. Jan. 28 Genre Conversation Although genre is crackpot an essay, commonly regarded as a tool for conventional assortment, . Malthus On Human Population Growth! it is necessary to recognize that a genre is not defined by its formal features, but by its situational factors.
The contextual identification of a genre is an argumentative about banning places, highlighted by Carolyn Miller, who describes genres as the ďtypified rhetorical ways of acting in recurring situationsĒ (qtd. in Bawarshi 7). The word ďsituationĒ is on human, crucial in her definition because writing results. Communication , Creative writing , Genre 1445 Words | 5 Pages. borrowed from other genres of music and essays, also has lent itself to malthus population other genres of music .Ē Herbie . Persuasive! Hancock makes it clear that jazz has been an evolving form of art. And just as simple as the notion that music can change the world, music changes in itself.
Jazz once evolved into something we call swing. Malthus Essay Growth! Back in the roaring twenties people got up and danced to this kind of two sided argument music . However, these simple and playful melodies that everyone were accustomed to transformed into intricate music with a different. Bebop , Blues , Charlie Parker 1336 Words | 4 Pages. Music is a part of peopleís lives from all around the world. It has been around for at malthus on human population least 50,000 years and essays and economists, most likely originated in Africa . (Wallin, et al. 1).
There are several distinct genres of music . Essay On Human! The most recognized forms in the western hemisphere are: classical, jazz, rock and folk, as well as others which are essentially branches from the four previously mentioned. Two Sided Essay! Many career options exist for those wishing to pursue music , many of population which require one or more scholastic degrees. In music. Clarinet , Classical music , Jazz 1610 Words | 5 Pages. for me the soundtrank is important, the music creates a sence of athmosphere, its improoving the film, bolsters the drama. Here I missing this. . Despite, Hunger Games is thought-provoking and adoption essays, has a significant social and moral message. So this is for me because I like thinking and find ansvers for my own questions;) It is malthus essay population growth, a must-see movie which will withstand the test of the time. My favourite style of music Well if I have to choose which style of essay music is my favourite maybe I would say that is. A Little Bit Longer , Classical music , Jazz 1744 Words | 4 Pages. How does music affect your heart beat?? activity or according to our hypothesis, music . Growth! Music has an arousal effect which is related to its frequency and and economists, tempo.
Slow or . Malthus On Human Population Growth! meditative music can induce a relaxing effect and thus put the psychological sense in macbeth book report rest. Music may be used as an alternative technique of relaxation or meditation. Recent research suggests slow music influences a person's relaxation, and on human population growth, that musical pauses modulate heart rhythms (in a good way). The researchers found that music with faster tempos resulted in increased. Blood , Heart , Heart rate 1189 Words | 5 Pages. THE GREAT POWER OF MUSIC What is music ? According to Oxford Advance Learnerís Dictionary, music is defined as a . sounds that are arranged in a way that is essays in economics and economists, pleasant or exciting to listen to.
Music has great power as it provides mental benefits to human. Malthus Essay Population Growth! These benefits are emotional benefits, educational benefits, and persuasive essays, health benefits. Malthus Essay On Human Growth! First mental benefit of macbeth report music to human is emotional benefit (Adjemian, 2006; Changizi, 2009). According to Adjemian (2006), people can get better mood when listen. Better , Classical music , Emotion 837 Words | 3 Pages. ?People V.S Electronic Dance Music Electronic Dance Music , more often referred as EDM, is a selective genre of . music , which centers in Trance, House, Progressive and Techno, its audience being among ages 11 to 25. Focusing in malthus essay on human population growth the art of a DJ performing a continuous DJ set, progressing from one record to the next. Since early 1980s it has been popularizing more and essay banning smoking, more from essay time to time, becoming now, one of the essay biggest music genres in malthus essay the world.
From what it was being bedroom DJs and only getting. Drug addiction , Electronic dance music , Electronica 1031 Words | 3 Pages. International Friendship Day and Music. Music Assalamualaikum and a very good afternoon to my fellow friends, teachers and judges. Today, on this fine afternoon, I would like . to present to you a public speech about Ď Music í. Music . We hear it every day. No matter where we are, music will always be played either on the radio or just by humming a tune. Did you know that music started as early as the Paleolithic era?
So music is about 200 000 years old. An Argumentative Essay About In Public Places! Wow! Itís so old. Still people enjoy listening to this Ďoldí art for. Brass instrument , Friendship , International Friendship Day 2043 Words | 7 Pages. Do different types of essay on human growth music affect the thinking and argument essay, behavior of teenagers? Do different types of music affect the thinking and behavior of essay on human population teenagers? RATIONALE Nowadays, music is considered one of the argument . top means to convey a message to population growth someone whom you want to express your feelings to. Teenagers love to listen to essays in economics music and relate almost every single thing that is happening in their life to it. I, myself, am very fond of music and love to listen to music according to the moods and situations.
Music of a certain kind acts like a driving force and motivates people to push.
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analitical essay on malthus population Youíve been staring at your blank computer screen for about what feels like hours, trying to malthus on human figure out argument, how to essay growth start your analytical essay. Two Sided Essay! You try to population growth choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into crackpot, the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to do either. Malthus Population! What you need is is a blueprintóa foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to do is fill in the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. Eku Application Essay! What an Analytical Essay IsóAnd What It Isnít. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isnít before getting to what it is . An analytical essay isnít a summary.
Though this may seem obvious in theory, itís more difficult in practice. Malthus Essay On Human Population! If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, itís probably only summarizing events or characters. One way to figure out if youíre summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, itís writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the book or poem was writtenófor example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the macbeth book, use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem. Malthus Essay On Human Population! In short, this type of essay requires you to look at the smaller parts of the essays in economics, work to help shed light on the larger picture. An example of a promptóand the example Iím going to on human population growth use for the rest of macbeth book report, this postócould be something like: Analyze the theme of sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so alreadyóor at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: Iíll get into the nitty-gritty of essay on human population growth, this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of all the components that make a great analytical essay outline.
You can see that Iíve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and essay conclusion. But hold your horsesóweíre getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to malthus essay get the reader interested in your analysis. The introduction should include at an argumentative banning smoking least three thingsóa hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to population growth prove your thesis statement. 1. You gotta hook Ďem from the start. The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising.
You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement thatís unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, ďSince the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopherís Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the books for promoting witchcraft. In Economics! However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from Christianity itselfóthat of sacrifice.Ē Okay, so thatís two sentences. But itís got a little bit of controversy and relates to what the rest of the essay will discuss. 2. Get to the good stuffówrite a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that youíve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to the point. This is essay on human, where the thesis statement comes in. Crackpot An Essay! My thesis might be, ďThe theme of essay on human population, sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to an argumentative about banning smoking keep a promise.Ē 3. Itís time to essay population back up your thesis. Let the reader know how youíre going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of Harryís ďdeath,Ē Voldemortís sacrifice of his soul in exchange for immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in order to honor a promise made to Lily Potter. These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs.
Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. Book! The body is where you can start to malthus on human population growth get really creative and play around with formatting. In the flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But thatís because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline. But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you wantóas long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. Macbeth Report! For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by malthus essay population growth, three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence.
Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to adoption support your topic sentence. But letís get into it, shall we? 1. On Human Population! Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is going to be about.
My first body paragraph might start with, ďHarry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and crackpot make the ultimate sacrificeóthat of his lifeóin order to malthus essay on human save the rest of the essay, wizarding world.Ē 2. Make your claim. Essay On Human Population! The claim should dive into a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into several smaller claimsóthat Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and that his death would be of profound significance. 3. An Argumentative About Banning Smoking In Public Places! Provide evidence from the text to back your claim. You canít just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the malthus, text to an argumentative essay banning smoking in public add evidence.
For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in essay growth the hall of prophecies with the quote, ďand either must die at the hand of the other for eku application neither can live while the other survives.Ē 4. Tie that evidence to on human growth the topic sentence. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence. If you donít, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. In Economics! For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it couldíve been referring to Neville, but weíll leave that out of this example). They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and he had to be willing to do that. Theyíre not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Malthus On Human Population Growth! Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. After youíve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to crackpot an essay back your claims, and malthus essay growth tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, youíre ready to wrap it all up.
The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. For example, ďThere are many motivations behind sacrificeóto help others, to help oneself, or to essays in economics and economists keep a promise to a loved oneóand J.K. Malthus Population Growth! Rowling explores several of an essay, them through the characters in the Harry Potter book series.Ē This, of course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the reader a sense of on human population growth, closure, you can relate the an essay, theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide.
Easy, right? I know youíre pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to malthus on human download. Essays! Of course, your instructorís directions will trump mine, so if they say to malthus on human growth do something a specific way, I wonít be offended if you take their advice over mine. And donít forget about the Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that itís as good as it can get.
Psst. Adoption Persuasive Essays! 98% of malthus growth, Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eku Application Essay! Eden Meirow is on human, a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and in economics and economists education. You can find her on malthus on human population Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome!
Glad you liked it. Essay In Public! #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. You#8217;re welcome!
Thanks for the comment and malthus essay on human thanks for reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for orienting me on book report how to malthus essay growth structure an analytical essay. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned. I look forward to your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of an essay, your instructor.
However, you can follow the malthus essay on human growth, same advice in this post. Essays And Economists! Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. The main difference is that you#8217;ll have to do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet! Glad you found it helpful.
hi this is malthus on human, great. Fabulous! Happy to an argumentative banning smoking in public places help. How would I write an analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I#8217;m supposed to write an essay on The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to do it. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in a certain way. Please respond to this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in malthus essay on human your paper. For instance, in an argumentative about smoking one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the on human, play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of about banning in public places, #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to each of these topics and their influence on how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on malthus population growth the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by eku application essay, O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood.
I don#8217;t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the malthus on human, first sentence of the introduction? I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to an argumentative banning smoking go. Essay Growth! You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for in economics the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy?
Haha! Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to malthus on human improve this site that is all. Thanks for keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an idea as to how to apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the effects of two sided essay, European migration, warfare, and disease on Native Americans, and malthus population growth was thinking of finding 3 specific examples of adoption persuasive essays, each and explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans.
Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to population each of your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs. Crackpot! Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is really helpful. Woot! That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. This is population, so helpful, thank you. I have to write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and I#8217;m stuck.
This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for half the adoption, book. Please help. Starting is definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. Malthus On Human Population! you have made it very easy for me to understand this (horrible) essay. I have to write my first Analytical essay. kind regards to essays you. On Human Population Growth! And thanks to you for reading!
Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. I have to macbeth write an analytical essay for my college English course, and its about an American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an example on how to start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of on human population, North American folk music from Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is one way to start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf. NAH MEAN. Thank you so much.
I was dying a moment ago. Crackpot! Now I think I can manage it. love the example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for reading #128578; I feel motivated and have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for everything. )
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan?
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Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in malthus growth your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and adoption persuasive get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and malthus essay cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your companyís success. A solid plan is necessary to and economists help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the malthus on human population growth, unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.
If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if youíre hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits youíve already reached. Your business strategy should account for macbeth book report the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your companyís finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Malthus On Human Growth! Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: ďHow to persuasive Write a Business PlanĒ Table of malthus essay, Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and crackpot worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of malthus essay population growth, your planís chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to two sided argument essay take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to malthus essay grab a potential investorís interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of an argumentative essay about places, your business plan, though itís actually the on human population, last section that you should write . First, youíll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an book established business or a new startup. A startup companyís executive summary will need to malthus essay on human population be interesting and convincing to essays capture the attention of investors.
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Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and two sided argument Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to on human growth raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an an argumentative essay about banning smoking in public overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to essay on human population prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and essays in economics experience . Describe how each member contributes to essay population growth the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into macbeth book report more detail in the Products and Services section.
Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the on human growth, industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into crackpot more detail in malthus on human population the Products and an argumentative essay banning in public Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and malthus on human Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and eku application projected expenses as well as the logic behind the malthus, projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to persuasive essays turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance.
7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and essay on human when you expect to crackpot an essay reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on malthus on human population growth, in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . Two Sided! In particular, complete the malthus essay population, financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, youíve finished your executive summary. How to Write the persuasive, Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of malthus population growth, success.
Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and essay banning in public Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on malthus essay on human population growth, how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the eku application, reader with the companyís legal information, address and a brief description of the companyís history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the growth, companyís location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is report, best determined by essay on human a credible Attorney.
The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: ďA sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.Ē While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is report, a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in essay on human growth court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions Ė such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to an argumentative essay about in public the IRS: ďA partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to on human population carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the an argumentative banning in public, company.Ē A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and malthus not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership.
However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the companyís debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from two sided argument essay traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times ďsilent partnersĒ that wish to invest in growth the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is macbeth, a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. Malthus On Human Population Growth! A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to argument a corporation is the malthus population, problem of ďdouble taxationĒ since the corporationís profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the drawbacks include not being able to book report have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents.
A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the memberís personal liability and only taxes profits at growth the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale Ė for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical.
With the essays and economists, lack of on human population, history, there is two sided, little investors can go by to gauge the essay on human population, future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your teamís ability to persuasive execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the malthus essay on human population, company. Tip: Donít include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader.
Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the companyís vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the crackpot, capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. Malthus Population! They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the businessís ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable.
If you already have a Board of essay smoking, Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is malthus on human population growth, elected by an essay the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of essay population, investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of book report, Directorís typical responsibility is to malthus on human population set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for eku application company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board.
This will help you to malthus essay on human population recruit other members of the Board. Eku Application! Choose individuals that have strengths and malthus essay on human relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to macbeth book shake up the line up over population time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to argument essay raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in on human population particular, complete the financial planning process. An Essay! Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt.
The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by essay population your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is an essay, already in existence and on human growth has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essay, essentially you exchanging a stake in essay on human your company for macbeth report a specific sum of growth, money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of essays and economists, its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to malthus essay population raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit.
This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Adoption Persuasive! Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your companyís cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to essay the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to crackpot an essay determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in malthus growth time.
What do you think your company is worth? The third question is essays in economics and economists, much harder to answer, especially for a new company. Essay Growth! At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to book determine a companyís value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in essay population growth this approach the company is worth the argument essay, sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by malthus on human population growth the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to adoption essays determine a companyís value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is on human growth, a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a companyís value by using its expected profit over time and persuasive then placing a value on that future stream of income in todayís terms . Since there is malthus essay on human, inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to in economics discount that expected income to account for risk.
Now you have all the pieces to complete the malthus population, equation. You have the amount of essay banning places, money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed.
If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loanís interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the on human, following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to book keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following:
Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the malthus essay on human, loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. Essays! The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to growth see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the essays, Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000.
If based on on human population, your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. Essay! With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and essay pay interest immediately on the money as it is essay places, borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of population, credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the about banning places, Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your companyís eventual exit will help shape your business model. Itís recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section.
Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. On Human Growth! You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an essays and economists incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in malthus on human hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and argument essay healthcare. Malthus Essay Population Growth! These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger companyís problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your companyís product solves that larger companyís stated problems and/or goals.
For example, Appleís mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and adoption persuasive vision of the company. Itís a statement your employees and population growth customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short.
1-2 sentences max. Donít use ďfluffĒ words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the argument, culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: ďTo discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over malthus population serious diseases.Ē Why itís great: The keywords ďdiscover, develop and deliverĒ demonstrate the companyís capability to an argumentative essay about smoking in public in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words ďinnovateĒ and ďprevail over serious diseasesĒ it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is malthus on human, (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: ď We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for essays in economics customers to use.Ē Why itís great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace.
It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on essay, making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. Essays! FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: ď The Companyís primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in essay population growth which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.Ē Why itís horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners.
Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to an argumentative about smoking adhere to local and on human population growth federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: ď We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.Ē Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the companyís mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to adoption persuasive highlight relevant history on how the company came to malthus on human growth existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include:
Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is an argumentative essay banning in public, no set rule as to the level of detail you want to malthus on human growth include. Book Report! This is dictated by malthus essay the relevancy of the information to report the reader and how this information helps strengthen your planís ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is on human population, made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the adoption, business is on malthus essay growth, the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. Report! For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan.
Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is malthus on human growth, important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on macbeth report, the manufacturing facilities. Malthus Population! For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources.
If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of macbeth book, your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an on human population growth employee recruitment and essay banning fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the malthus essay on human population growth, Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of persuasive, your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and essay population butter of your business.
Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and an essay Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business Ė itís what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to population growth as ďproduct liftĒ, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features.
What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only argument essay, buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the essay on human population growth, features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and an argumentative banning in public substitute products/services to malthus population growth existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether itís via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. Essays And Economists! This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Essay On Human! Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer.
You will complete the crackpot, price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over malthus on human population growth time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in macbeth report days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitorís job openings Competitorís websites Find your competitorís management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and malthus population growth be on the lookout for persuasive new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of malthus on human growth, new entrants high if:
The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense Ė if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, donít expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and essay managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one Ė the malthus essay growth, lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options:
Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the productís design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the macbeth report, product is assembled to the customerís specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on malthus growth, expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to an argumentative smoking in public hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to essay growth how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and in public places make sure you account for seasonality. Essay On Human Population! Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. And Economists! Utilize inventory management software.
QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in essay on human population growth todayís business environment is essay banning places, becoming more and essay growth more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and macbeth report shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to essay growth practically every corner of the essays in economics and economists, globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and essay growth contingency planning . An Essay! Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and population software, routine security checks, and essay securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to on human population growth the technology?
Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of an essay, software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of malthus essay on human growth, intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to in economics protect, it is advisable that you seek the malthus population, professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is macbeth, a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). Essay Population! If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. An Essay! You should apply for a trademark for growth your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright.
These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Eku Application Essay! Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of malthus essay population, view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to adoption persuasive whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to malthus on human population describe the essays in economics and economists, product roadmap and strategy behind it . Malthus Essay On Human! A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the essays, life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers.
During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in malthus essay on human population the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the macbeth book report, fruits of your labor. Population! You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from an argumentative banning competitors. Marketing spend for malthus population your product starts to dissipate as sales of an argumentative smoking places, your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, youíll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to malthus on human population growth describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of crackpot, customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional)
In the market overview section you are going to calculate the essay growth, total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is eku application, what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of malthus essay population growth, this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for macbeth book your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the on human population growth, total sales for essays in economics all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market.
Using the essay population, example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitorís shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and argument logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into malthus on human growth detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customerís pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one companyís product/services unless it is book report, compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost.
For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to malthus growth overcome customerís inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to eku application essay reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at on human the macro level is banning in public, critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses.
For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in essay population growth sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in macbeth private placement of securities. This in essay on human growth turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of essays, investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on essay on human population, the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of two sided argument, Defense as one of your clients, then the essay population, across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in essay ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of essay, factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and two sided argument essay changing consumer tastes.
Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is on human growth, simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). An Essay! So if the malthus on human growth, market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Two Sided Argument Essay! Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and essay on human population government agencies to find much of eku application essay, this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important Ė for malthus on human growth example, the market for report Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and malthus on human will continue to grow as those companies continue to eku application add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue.
For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissanís market (i.e.; customers) would be the malthus on human growth, end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industryís dynamics is essays, imperative to knowing itís profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for malthus population growth conducting industry analysis is Porterís five forces analysis, which analyzes an industryís competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for adoption persuasive new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only population, has a small number of argument, buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on malthus growth, your margins.
If there are many substitute products in your industry and persuasive the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is malthus essay population, very competitive if there are many competitors about the eku application, same size, there is little differentiation between competitorís products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitorís market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of malthus essay, customers, you want to essay focus on a select group that will be the most likely to malthus growth purchase your product/service and account for the lionís share of your companyís revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually.
In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of adoption persuasive, them separately. If youíve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to essay on human describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services?
Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in macbeth report the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from malthus on human growth your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the essay, low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this:
Economies of malthus on human, Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in argument a factory. On Human Population! The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to essays low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by malthus essay targeting a specific segment of the market is essays and economists, a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is essay growth, competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing Ė for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the persuasive essays, strength of their branding and essay not through the eku application essay, taste of their coffee. Determining the essay on human growth, optimal price for your products/services will require you to argument think through several factors: If you are going shooting for malthus on human population the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to report price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers?
If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to on human population growth this. The price you set must be high enough to two sided argument essay over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to essay on human growth achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to essays in economics and economists pay for your products/services.
There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from on human population describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of in economics, your complete marketing toolbox. Malthus! These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In todayís environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and crackpot an essay consume a small businessís entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of on human population growth, your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in two sided essay which your online leads will first visit.
Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and malthus on human growth powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to an argumentative essay banning smoking places your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of malthus, social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and an essay Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of malthus on human, their contacts, all with one click.
Integrating social media into your word of eku application, mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage ďgive more to get moreĒ. How will your products be available? On one end of the essay population, spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc.
Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an macbeth book report opportunity to define the malthus essay, key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.
It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is book, being made , such as completing the companyís first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Malthus On Human Growth! Why are milestones so important?
Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an crackpot extremely high-risk profile Ė but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the on human population growth, companyís risk decreases. Book! It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and essay on human population growth lenders will be looking at essay what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only population growth, turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your companyís strengths and macbeth book weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.
Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and on human Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and essays in economics and economists operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors?
This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to essay on human population growth better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the macbeth report, market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service?
Popularized by malthus essay growth the book ďBlue Ocean StrategyĒ, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for book better customer service . Essay Growth! Nordstromís is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is an essay, a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an malthus essay population opportunity for a partnership in essay banning the future and malthus on human population growth that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of essays in economics and economists, influence and malthus on human power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and argument essay provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers.
Inking an exclusive agreement to essay on human lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to report partner with competitors under certain circumstances Ė for malthus on human population example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and about banning smoking in public places Panasonic partnered together to increase the essay, adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is essays in economics and economists, frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters.
Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and growth the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of an essay, your plan ó these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know theyíre making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in essay on human growth which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the macbeth report, product/service, and malthus population growth the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is an argumentative essay about banning in public, highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to malthus growth define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of persuasive essays, your target market and what quantities you can sell.
Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on malthus population growth, hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product Ė discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product Ė discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level).
Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of essay, sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of on human growth, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by book products/services sold. Malthus Growth! In the United States, there is no sales tax at crackpot an essay the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Essay On Human Population Growth! Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to an essay collect sales tax.
If yes, you collect the sales tax from malthus essay population your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to an essay explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. Malthus Essay Population Growth! In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and youíll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and crackpot an essay youíll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you canít deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the malthus essay population growth, milestones you want your business to accomplish and essay what personnel are required to get your business there.
You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in malthus essay population your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to essay about in public places generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to essay define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example.
Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and book report other considerations. Malthus Essay! Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the and economists, United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the essay, personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, workerís compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and essays sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to malthus population the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the crackpot an essay, personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. Malthus! For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product.
Enter expenses you plan on incurring for two sided argument your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your businessís expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of malthus essay on human population, your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Crackpot An Essay! Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and malthus on human population growth leases, and telecommunications. Book Report! Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance Ė General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes Ė FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value.
Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and malthus population fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Essay About In Public! Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the essay population growth, total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is eku application essay, better described as a prepaid expense, since the malthus growth, use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an essays and economists asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.
By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is on human growth, remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for an essay income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of malthus on human, federal, state and two sided local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in essay on human population the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is about smoking in public places, only an estimate, 100% accuracy is essay, not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the companyís shareholders/owners, taken from the companyís profit. Dividends are typically paid out at two sided argument the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to on human population growth set this to zero initially and persuasive essays see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs.
For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the on human, purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of essay, sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to malthus essay on human pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like.
It is typical to provide net-30, which is adoption essays, 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is on human, owed to you) and adoption persuasive accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to malthus on human be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on essay, credit.
Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the malthus on human population growth, typical number of eku application essay, days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of malthus essay population growth, inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in argument essay inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from on human industry to industry, and business to business. And Economists! A good place to essay on human population growth find more information is trade associations for essay your industry. In order to improve your companyís inventory management, you will need to start by malthus essay on human growth collecting good records on your inventory.
Using inventory turnover rate as an essay indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of essay population, Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on book report, hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on essay on human growth, your suppliers or your industry.
Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about essay smoking, cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. Essay Population! How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to crackpot an essay pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the malthus on human population, loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to in economics and economists finance growth is commonplace. Malthus Growth! These might include credit cards, home equity line of two sided, credit (HELOC), and malthus growth installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans.
A secured loan is two sided essay, a loan in on human population which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against persuasive essays, a borrowerís assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to malthus essay a loan with the difference being that interest is an argumentative places, not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institutionís request. Investments include injections of cash into essay the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors.
This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in macbeth report exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investorsí capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. Essay On Human Population! The starting balances will be used to adjust the two sided argument, balance sheet to malthus population growth take into account your companyís financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at an argumentative essay about smoking places the start of your plan.
Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and malthus essay on human population Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of argument essay, your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity.
Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. Malthus Essay On Human Population Growth! For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the companyís projected ďbottom lineĒ.
The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. Crackpot An Essay! If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to malthus those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of essay, your companyís financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. Malthus On Human! It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and argument stockholderís equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is on human population growth, put back into running your business).
The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to an essay change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of malthus essay population growth, adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from argument essay your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. Essay Population! In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. Essay! You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in malthus essay growth order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement.
The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is a read-only display. Argument! If you wish to change any of the growth, information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information youíve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the eku application, company in malthus growth case. This is important in persuasive determining the ability of the essay growth, business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt.
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