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Romeo And Juliet As A Tragedy Essay
A Sample Small Liquor Store Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a liquor store? If YES, here is a complete sample small liquor store business plan template feasibility study that you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a liquor store business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample liquor store marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for liquor store businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. The liquor business indeed has come to stay and this is thanks to the huge amount of liquor brands, as well as the people who purchase them. One of the best things that you could possibly do is to start a stress free business like the liquor one. What Does It Take to Start a Liquor Store Successfully? Starting this type of business means that you have got to first of all do the tragic, needful things.
One of the needful things that you will be expected to do is drawing up a blue print on how you intend to start your business. As such if you know that starting this business rightly is one the international competition august 2012, front burner of your life, then it becomes vita. If you want to hire a business plan consultant- since they are very vast when it comes to a subject as these. Better still, you can use an and juliet tragic essay, existing business plan to write yours. This will mean that you are using the business plan as a template to follow. Here below is a business plan template; A Sample Liquor Store Business Plan Template. One of the easy to enter and thriving business line that an entrepreneur how is looking towards starting a business of his or her own is to go into retailing business. Resume And It Field. The retail business is indeed a wide business of which liquor store business falls under. Romeo And Juliet. Simply put, a liquor store is a retail shop that that is licensed to sell prepackaged alcoholic beverages usually in bottles to international essay competition august 2012 customers who are likely to take home or elsewhere to consume. In the tragic flaws essay, United States of essay, America, the Liquor store business is a regulated business which is why The Twenty-first Amendment of the United States Constitution gives states the power to regulate the sale and consumption of liquor and other alcoholic beverages. It is important to romeo and juliet flaws essay note that State regulations vary widely.
Most states in the United States of America have laws that clearly define which alcoholic beverages must be sold in specialty liquor stores and contemporary essayists which may be sold in other venues et al. The Liquor, Beer and Wine industry is indeed a very large industry and pretty much thriving in all the parts of the tragic essay, world. Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about 41,285 licensed liquor stores responsible for employing about international essay competition august 170,399 employees and the industry rakes in romeo flaws, a whooping sum of $48bn annually. Activities in the Liquor, Beer and Wine Stores industry is on the increase in by susan glaspell analysis, the last 5 years (i.e. from romeo and juliet 2010 to 2015), even though the trifles, revenue generation have not shown remarkable growth within the stated period. Owing to the obvious increase in consumer confidence, more consumers have purchased high-margin products such as craft beer, boostingthe industry profitability. Additionally, the legislation on the liquor, beer and wine market in romeo and juliet, many states in the U.S has allowed more entrepreneurs to open their own liquor stores. Revenue in the Liquor, Beer and Wine Store industry is why should the holocaust be remembered, expected to grow over the next 5 years as stores generate greater sales especially of high-margin products.
The Liquor, Beer and Wine Store industry is known to be heavily concentrated in romeo and juliet flaws essay, the most densely populated regions and trifles cities, mainly in the Mid-Atlantic, which comprises 24.2 percent of total liquor stores. Statistics has it that within the romeo tragic flaws essay, region, New York accounts for 8.5 percent of total liquor stores and trails only my law essay, California which has 11.6 percent with the romeo and juliet essay, largest percentage of industry liquor stores. So also, the Southeast and Great Lakes regions are heavily concentrated with industry liquor stores, and account for 17.9 percent and 15.4 percent of total liquor stores, respectively. Comparatively large liquor stores, in terms of employment and revenue, tend to be located in the Mid-Atlantic region. Nevertheless, the industry is small business oriented, with 68.0 percent of glaspell analysis, liquor stores employing four or even fewer full – time employees per time.
Over and above, the liquor, beer and wine industry is a profitable industry and it is open for any aspiring entrepreneur to come in and establish his or her business; you can chose to start on a small scale in a street corner like the average mom and pop business or you can chose to start on a large scale with several outlets in key cities. Small Liquor Store Business Plan Executive Summary. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store is a neighborhood liquor store that will be located in centralized area between a residential neighborhood and a busy business district in downtown Long Beach, California. We aware that online in most states in the U.S California is and juliet tragic flaws essay, one of the states that allows individuals to operate a liquor store and also sell other alcoholic drinks which is why we have decided to launch our liquor store in Long Beach, California. We have been able to secure a 10,000 sq. ft. facility for our liquor store as required by the law in essay, the United States of America.
We are in the liquor store business to make profits at the same to give our customers value for their money and time; we want to give people who patronize our liquor store the opportunity to choose not only from romeo tragic flaws a wide range of both locally and imported liquors but also from a wide range of beers and other alcoholic drinks that are manufactured in the United States of America. Trifles Glaspell Analysis. We are aware that there are several large and small liquor stores all around California, which is why we spent time and resources to conduct our feasibility studies and market survey so as to romeo and juliet enable us locate the business in by susan essay, an area that will support the growth of the flaws essay, business and also for us to be able offer much more than our competitors will be offering. We ensured that our facility is easy to essay locate and and juliet our outlet is well secured with the various payment of why should essay, options. Much more than selling liquors and other alcoholic drinks of top brands in the alcohol industry, our customer care is second to none in the whole of tragic flaws essay, Long Beach California. We know that our customers are the reason why we are in business which is why we will go the extra mile to get them satisfied when they visit our liquor store and essay competition also to become our loyal customers and ambassadors. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store will ensure that all our customers are given first class treatment whenever they visit our store.
We have a CRM software that will enable us manage a one on one relationship with our customers no matter how large the numbers of our customer base may grow to. We will ensure that we get our customers involved in the selection of brands that will be on romeo and juliet our racks and also when making some business decisions that will directly or indirectly affect them. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store is my law, owned by romeo and juliet tragic essay Mr. Jeffry Jordan who has successfully managed several bars and night clubs in Los Angeles and Las Vegas prior to opening his own liquor store. It is great contemporary, a family business that will be managed alongside his immediate family member. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store is going to operate a standard and licensed neighborhood liquor store that will retail a wide range of liquors, beers and wines just like any other licensed and standard liquor store in the United States and in any part of the world. We are in the liquor retailing business to make profits and give our customers value for their money. These are some of the products that we will retail in our liquor store; Liquors Beers (Bud Light, Coors Light, Miller Lite, Budweiser, Michelob Ultra-Light, Natural Light, Busch Light, Bush, Redds Apple Ale, Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Keystone Light, Pabst Blue Ribbon, Bud Light Lime, Bud Light Platinum Lager et al) Locally Crafted Beers (Pale Beers, Amber Beers, Dark Beers, Hebrew Beers, Gluten Free, Organic Brews, Cider et al) Wines Distilled spirits Martinis Non – alcoholic beverages Tobacco. Our vision is to establish a one stop liquor store in Long Beach California and in other cities in the United States of America. Our mission is to romeo tragic establish a liquor store business that will make available a wide range of liquors, wines and beers from top brands at affordable prices to the residence of Long Beach California and other cities in the United States of America and Canada where we intend opening our outlets and selling our franchise. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store do not intend to start a liquor retailing business like the usual mom and pop business around the street corner; our intention of starting a liquor retail business is to build a standard liquor store that will be a one – stop shop for liquors, beers and wines which is why we will ensure that we put the right structure in place that will support the international, kind of essay, growth that we have in mind while setting up the business.
We will ensure that we only hire people that are qualified, honest, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the competition august 2012, stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and and juliet tragic essay it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more especially when we start selling our franchise. In view of that, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the great essayists, following positions; Chief Executive Officer (Owner) Store Manager Merchandize Manager Sales and Marketing Manager Information Technologist Accountants / Cashiers Cleaners. Roles and Responsibilities. And Juliet Tragic Essay. Chief Executive Officer – CEO (Owner): Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by breakfast essay scene recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and romeo and juliet flaws objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities.
Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the essayists, success of the organization. Romeo And Juliet Tragic Flaws. Responsible for managing the daily activities in the store Ensure that the essay august 2012, store facility is in tip top shape and romeo flaws conducive enough to welcome customers Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products. Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for repairs. Updates job knowledge by participating in educational opportunities; reading professional publications; maintaining personal networks; participating in professional organizations. Enhances department and organization reputation by accepting ownership for accomplishing new and different requests; exploring opportunities to add value to job accomplishments.
Defines job positions for the holocaust be remembered essay recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out romeo and juliet essay, staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Interfaces with third – party providers (vendors) Control the sales floor inventory Ensures that goods and products are properly arranged Supervises the entire sales staff and workforce Any other duty as assigned by the CEO. Manage vendor relations, market visits, and essay the ongoing education and development of the romeo tragic essay, organizations’ buying teams Help to ensure consistent quality of liquors, wines and beers on our rack Responsible for the purchase of wines, beers and liquors for the organizations Responsible for planning sales, monitoring inventory, selecting the why should the holocaust essay, merchandise, and romeo and juliet writing and club essay pricing orders to vendors Ensures that the organization operates within stipulated budget. Sales and and juliet flaws essay Marketing Manager. Manage external research and my law essay coordinate all the internal sources of information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Model demographic information and romeo tragic analyze the write my law essay, volumes of transactional data generated by customer purchases Identify, prioritize, and reach out to new partners, and business opportunities et al Responsible for and juliet tragic flaws essay supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and evaluate new plans for trifles by susan analysis expanding increase sales Document all customer contact and information Represent the company in and juliet tragic essay, strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for the company. Manage the organization website Handles ecommerce aspect of the business Responsible for great contemporary essayists installing and romeo and juliet flaws maintenance of computer software and hardware for the organization Manage logistics and supply chain software, Web servers, e-commerce software and POS (point of sale) systems Manage the organization’s CCTV Handles any other technological and and it IT related duties. Flaws Essay. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting Responsible for international august 2012 developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for the organization Serves as internal auditor for the organization.
Client Service Executive. Ensures that all contacts with customer (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with customers on romeo essay the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the store manager in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of write essay, any new information on Pappy J Sons Liquor Store products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to students when they make enquiries. Responsible for cleaning the and juliet tragic flaws, store facility at all times Ensure that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of stock Cleans both the interior and exterior of the store facility Any other duty as assigned by the restaurant manager. Liquor Store Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Our intention of starting just one outlet of our liquor retail store in Long beach California is to test run the business for a period of 2 to 5 years to know if we will invest more money, expand the business and then open other outlets all over California and why should the holocaust be remembered essay also sell franchise through the United States of America and Canada. We are quite aware that there are several liquor retail stores all over and juliet tragic flaws essay Long Beach and even in the same location where we intend locating ours, which is trifles by susan glaspell essay, why we are following the due process of establishing a business. We know that if a proper SWOT analysis is conducted for our business, we will be able to position our business to maximize our strength, leverage on the opportunities that will be available to us, mitigate our risks and be welled equipped to confront our threats.
Pappy J Sons Liquor Store employed the services of an romeo and juliet flaws, expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in retailing to help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to help us create a business model that will help us achieve our business goals and objectives. This is the contemporary, summary of the SWOT analysis that was conducted for Pappy J Sons Liquor Store; Our location, the business model we will be operating on (physical store and online liquor store), varieties of and juliet tragic essay, payment options, wide range of international august, liquors, wines and beers (locally crafted beer inclusive) and tragic flaws our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for competition Pappy J Sons Liquor Store. A major weakness that may count against us is the fact that we are a new liquor retail outlet and we don’t have the tragic flaws essay, financial capacity to engage in the kind of publicity that we intend giving the the holocaust be remembered, business. The fact that we are going to be operating our liquor retail store in one of the busiest district in Long Beach California provides us with unlimited opportunities to sell our liquors, wines and beers to a large number of people. We have been able to tragic flaws essay conduct thorough feasibility studies and club essay market survey and we know what our potential clients will be looking for when they visit our liquor retail store; we are well positioned to take on the opportunities that will come our way. Tragic Essay. We are quite aware that just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn. It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new liquor retail outlet in same location where ours is located or even the and it field, arrival of a night club and bar. Liquor Store Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. In the United States of America, most of the states have strict control on liquor stores hence it is romeo and juliet flaws, not easy to secure license to open one. In California and in few states in the U.S, individuals can actually open their own liquor retail store and it is the practice for them to sell loads of assorted alcoholic drinks and breakfast essay not only liquors; they are known to retail liquors, wines, beers and even tobacco et al.
If you keep tab with liquor store business and and juliet tragic flaws retailing business generally, you would have noticed that It is now a common phenomenon for retail outlets to leverage on technology to effectively predict consumer demand patterns and to strategically position their store to meet their needs; in resume field, essence, the use of technology help retailers to maximize supply chain efficiencies. And Juliet Flaws Essay. No doubt data collected from customers goes a long way to help retail stores serve them better. Breakfast Club Essay. Another common trend in romeo, the retailing industry is the international essay competition, pricing system. Aside from flaws essay having varieties of club scene, alcoholic drinks in a store, one of the easiest ways for liquor retail stores to sell the drinks on their racks as fast as they can and keep re – stocking is to ensure that the and juliet, prices of and it, their drinks are a bit lower than what is obtainable in elsewhere. For example, it is common to see items with prices in this format; $3.99, $99 and $199 et al as against $4, $100 and $200. Liquor stores are also known to follow the rules and regulations regulating the industry in any state that their store is located; regulations like not selling alcoholic drinks to tragic flaws any person who is under – aged. Essayists. When it comes to selling liquors, wines, beers and locally brewed beer, there is indeed a wide range of flaws, available customers.
In essence, our target market can’t be restricted to why should be remembered just a group of people, but all those who drink liquors, wines and romeo tragic flaws beers and those who would want to international competition try out liquor. One thing is romeo and juliet, certain, our liquors, and resume and it other alcoholic drinks will not be sold to people who are under aged. In view of that, we have positioned our liquor retail store to romeo and juliet service the residence of Long Beach California and every other location our liquor retail stores will be located all over the United States of America and Canada. Why Should The Holocaust Be Remembered Essay. We have conducted our market research and we have ideas of what our target market would be expecting from and juliet essay us. We are in business to retail a liquors and a wide range of alcoholic drinks to the following groups of people; Corporate Executives Business People Celebrities Military Men and Women Sports Men and Women (with the exemption of contemporary essayists, under – age) Students (with the exemption of romeo flaws, under – age) Tourists Every adult in the neighborhood where our liquor store will be located. Our Competitive Advantage. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store is launching a standard and licensed liquor retail shop that will indeed become the preferred choice of residence of resume and it field, Long Beach California and in every other location where our outlets will be opened.
Our liquor retail store is located in a corner piece property on a busy road directly opposite one of the largest residential estates in Long beach and few meters away from and juliet flaws essay a busy business district. We have enough parking space that can accommodate well over 20 cars per time. One thing is certain; we will ensure that we have a wide range of liquors, wines and and it beers available in our store at all times. Romeo Tragic Flaws Essay. It will be difficult for customers to visit our store and not see the brand of alcoholic drinks that they are looking for. One of our business goals is to club scene make Pappy J Sons Liquor Store a one stop alcohol shop. Our excellent customer service culture, online store, various payment options and and juliet flaws essay highly secured facility will also serve as a competitive advantage for us.
Liquor Store Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Breakfast Scene. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store is and juliet tragic flaws, established with the aim of maximizing profits in the liquor, wine and beer store retailing industry and why should we are going to go all the way to romeo tragic essay ensure that we do all it takes to sell a wide range of products to great contemporary essayists a wide range of customers. Romeo. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store will generate income by retailing the following alcoholic products; Liquors Beers (Bud Light, Coors Light, Miller Lite, Budweiser, Michelob Ultra-Light, Natural Light, Busch Light, Bush, Redds Apple Ale, Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Keystone Light, Pabst Blue Ribbon, Bud Light Lime, Bud Light Platinum Lager et al) Locally Crafted Beers (Pale Beers, Amber Beers, Dark Beers, Hebrew Beers, Gluten Free, Organic Brews, Cider et al) Wines Distilled spirits Martinis Non – alcoholic beverages Tobacco. It is important to state that our sales forecast is write essay, based on the data gathered during our feasibility studies, market survey and also some of the assumptions readily available on the field. One thing is common with liquor retailing business, the larger a liquor retail store the romeo and juliet flaws essay, larger the numbers of customers that will patronize them. Although we may not be as large as the biggest liquor retail store in the United States, but we will ensure that within our capacity we make available a wide range of and it field, liquors, wines, and beers et al from different brands both local and foreign in our liquor store. Below are the tragic flaws essay, sales projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of operations; N.B: This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the my law, assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and the arrival of tragic flaws essay, a competitor in same location as ours within the period stated above. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Liquor Store Business Plan Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. Before choosing a location for Pappy J Sons Liquor Store, we conduct a thorough market survey and feasibility studies in order for us to be able to great contemporary essayists be able to penetrate the available market and become the preferred choice for residence of Long Beach – California and in every other cities where our outlets will be opened.
We have detailed information and tragic flaws essay data that we were able to utilize to structure our business to attract the breakfast scene, numbers of customers we want to romeo and juliet essay attract per resume and it, time. We hired experts who have good understanding of the liquor, wine and essay beer retail industry to breakfast club scene help us develop marketing strategies that will help us achieve our business goal of winning a larger percentage of the available market in Long Beach California. In other to continue to be in business and grow, we must continue to sell the products that are available in our store which is why we will go all out to empower or sales and marketing team to deliver. Tragic. In summary, Pappy J Sons Liquor Store will adopt the following sales and by susan essay marketing approach to win customers over; Introduce our liquor store by sending introductory letters to residence, business owners and romeo and juliet tragic flaws essay organizations in and around Long Beach – California Open our liquor store with a party Advertise our business in community based newspapers, local TV and radio stations List our business on yellow pages ads (local directories) Leverage on the internet to promote our business Direct marketing Word of mouth marketing (referrals) Liquor Store Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Despite the fact that our liquor retail store is well located, we will still go ahead to intensify publicity for the business.
We are going to explore all available means to promote our liquor retail store. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store has a long term plan of opening outlets in various locations all around the write my law essay, United States of America and Canada which is why we will deliberately build our brand to be well accepted in romeo, Long Beach California before venturing out. As a matter of fact, our publicity and advertising strategy is not solely for breakfast essay winning customers over but to effectively communicate our brand. Romeo And Juliet Essay. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on trifles by susan glaspell to promote and advertise Pappy J Sons Liquor Store; Place adverts on both print (community based newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Long Beach – California Engage in roadshow from time to time Distribute our fliers and handbills in romeo and juliet tragic essay, target areas Position our Flexi Banners at strategic positions in the location where our liquor retail store is competition 2012, located. Our Pricing Strategy. Pricing is one of the key factors that give leverage to liquor retail stores, it is normal for consumers to go to places (liquor retail outlets) where they can get liquors, wine and beers et al at cheaper price which is why big player in the liquor, wine and and juliet flaws essay beer retail industry like attract loads of consumers. We know we don’t have the capacity to club scene compete with other bigger liquor retail store, but we will ensure that the prices of all the brands of liquors, wines and beers et al that are available in our liquor store are competitive with what is obtainable amongst liquor retail stores within our level and in essay, our location. At Pappy J Sons Liquor Store, our payment policy is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the great contemporary essayists, payment options that will be available in every of our outlets; Payment by cash Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any itches. Liquor Store Business Plan Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) When it comes to starting a liquor retailing store the major areas that you look towards spending the bulk of your cash is in of course renting or leasing a standard store facility.
Aside from that, you are not expected to spend much except for paying of essay, your employees and the stocking of your store. This is the key areas where we will spend our start – up capital; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in why should the holocaust be remembered, California $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits as well as the tragic essay, accounting services (software, P.O.S machines and other software) $1,300. Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of Pappy J Sons Liquor Storein the amount of $3,500 and why should essay as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Cost for hiring Consultant – $2,500. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $2,400.
Cost for payment of romeo and juliet tragic essay, rent for 12 month at $1.76 per square feet in the total amount of $105,600. Cost for Shop remodeling (construction of great, racks and shelves) $20,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery ($500) and and juliet tragic essay phone and utility deposits ($2,500). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of august, bills et al) $60,000 The cost for romeo and juliet tragic essay Start-up inventory (stocking with a wide range of essay, liquors, wines, beers, tobaccos et al) $70,000 Storage hardware (bins, rack, shelves, food case) $3,720 The cost for counter area equipment (counter top, sink, ice machine, etc.) $9,500 Cost for serving area equipment (plates, glasses, flatware) $3,000 Cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) $13,750 Cost of purchase and installation of romeo and juliet tragic, CCTVs $5,000 The cost for the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Sound System, tables and chairs et al) $4,000. The cost of Launching a Website $600 The cost for our opening party $7,000 Miscellaneous $10,000. We would need an estimate of why should the holocaust be remembered, $250,000 to successfully set up our liquor retail store in Long Beach California.
Please note that this amount includes the and juliet essay, salaries of trifles by susan glaspell analysis, all the romeo, staff for the first month of operation. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Pappy J Sons Liquor Store. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store is a private business that is solely owned and financed by Mr. My Law Essay. Jeffry Jordan and family. We do not intend to welcome any external business partner, which is why we have decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital to 3 major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings Source for soft loans from family members and friends Apply for loan from romeo and juliet tragic flaws essay my Bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $75,000 and soft loan from family members $25,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from our bank. All the papers and document have been signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and trifles by susan analysis any moment from and juliet tragic essay now our account will be credited with the amount.
Liquor Store Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have, the resume, capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. And Juliet Tragic Flaws Essay. If any of these factor is missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. Pappy J Sons Liquor Store will ensure that all the great, factors listed above are reinforced on romeo tragic flaws essay a regular basis and also we will engage in continuous capacity building of our workforce. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and breakfast essay scene it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more. And Juliet. We will make sure that the right foundation, structures and contemporary essayists processes are put in romeo and juliet essay, place to ensure that staff welfare is well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to breakfast scene drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of romeo flaws essay, our workforce is at breakfast club, the top burner.
We have the plans of. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of romeo flaws essay, Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and trifles by susan Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing of romeo flaws, facility and remodeling the shop: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for contemporary Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of romeo flaws essay, Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of great contemporary, Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, racks, shelves, computers,electronic appliances, office appliances and CCTV: In progress Creating Official Website for and juliet tragic the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the field, community: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Compilation of our list of romeo and juliet flaws essay, products ( liquors, beers, wines, and tobaccos et al)that will be available in our store : Completed Establishing business relationship with vendors – wholesale suppliers of the holocaust be remembered essay, various brands of liquors, wines, beers, and tobacco et al: In Progress.
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Romeo's Tragic Flaw essays
History of Political Economy: Physiocracy. Source: Chapter two of Keizaigaku shi (History of romeo and juliet tragic essay Political Economy), Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1954; Translated : for marxists.org by Michael Schauerte; CopyLeft : Creative Commons (Attribute ShareAlike) marxists.org 2007. The following is the second chapter from Kuruma’s book Keizaigaku shi (History of Political Economy) first published in 1948 by Kawade Shob#333; and reissued in an expanded edition in 1954 by Iwanami Shoten. My translation is based on this latter edition. Kuruma’s history consists of three chapters: Chapter one which provides a short overview of the history of political economy as a science; Chapter two on Quesnay and the Physiocrats; and Chapter three on the thought of Smith and Ricardo, particularly as it concerns the labor theory of value. Chapter three has been published separately in the 2007 issue of Research in Political Economy as an article entitled: “A Critique of breakfast club essay scene Classical Political Economy.” Physiocracy is a school of romeo and juliet flaws thought founded by François Quesnay (1694-1774), a court physician to King Louis the 15th.
At one point in time Physiocracy constituted a sort of why should be remembered essay religious movement that attracted a number of outstanding and extremely fervent believers, and exerted no small influence on real politics. The history of the Physiocratic movement is thought to have begun in 1757, when Quesnay met Mirabeau the elder (1715-89), and and juliet flaws essay, come to an end in 1776, with the trifles by susan glaspell analysis, fall of Turgot (1727-81). The actual members of the Physiocratic school referred to themselves not as Physiocrats but as économistes . The term “physiocracy” apparently came into romeo and juliet flaws, general use after having first appeared in great, 1767, with the appearance of a collection of Quesnay’s works published by Pierre du Pont under the title Physiocratie, ou Constitution Naturelle du Gouvernement le Plus Avantageux au Genre Humain . The term is of course a combination of “physio” (nature) and “cracy” (rule), thus meaning the “rule of nature.” This expresses the school’s fundamental idea that there is a natural order, as opposed to tragic flaws, artificial systems, and that the why should the holocaust essay, mission of scholarship and flaws essay, politics being to understand this natural order and bring it into existence, thereby bringing about contemporary essayists, this rule of nature.  Quesnay’s Tableau Economique , which is the essence of his system of political economy, is a diagram that depicts the process of social reproduction under the “natural order.” It was printed at Versailles in 1758, with a print run of just four copies. Initially Quesnay had intended to present it along with Extraits des Economies royals de M. de Sully but gave up this idea on the advice of Madame de Pompadour. But the manuscript containing it, written in Quesnay’s own hand, was discovered among the romeo, papers of Mirabeau in 1890 in the Archives Nationales by Professor Stephan Bauer. At that time Bauer also discovered the second edition of the Tableau Economique , which had been published in the spring of 1759, with a print run of three copies.
At the end of that year a third edition of three copies was published, which was later discovered by Gustave Schelle. In addition to these editions, there is the Tableau Economique avec ses Explications included in Mirabeau’s L’Ami des Hommes (1760), as well as the table in Mirabeau’s Philosophie Rurale (1763) and L’Elements de la Philosophie Rurale (1767), and breakfast essay, the tables that appear in other works. The figures in the various tables are somewhat different, but the and juliet tragic, basic structure is the same. There is one table created by Quesnay himself that was quite different from the others, namely the “Formula of the Tableau Economique ” published in his Analyse du Tableau Economique . To distinguish this table from the others, it is referred to as the Tableau Abrégé (abridged table). Quesnay set out in Analyse du Tableau Economique to clarify the true significance of his economic table, in a manner accessible to the general public, and the table was revised accordingly. Trifles By Susan Analysis. He made a step forward in terms of content compared to the earlier tables. Most importantly, whereas previous tables had depicted the tragic flaws, circulation between the three main classes as circulation between individuals belonging to each of those classes, the Tableau Abrégé depicts this from the outset as circulation between classes as a whole. And whereas the other tables depict a continually repeating process, the abridged table generally indicates all of the circulation during a year of production in accordance with the particular functions in the national economy. Furthermore, the relations of reproduction for each type of “advance” (capital) are clarified to a much greater extent. Thus, although the Tableau Abrégé , as its name indicates, is much more simplified, Quesnay’s simplification eliminated the extraneous and held on to the necessary.
For these reasons, my explanation here will focus exclusively on this abridged table. Quesnay’s Tableau Abrégé in the holocaust essay, Analyse du Tableau Economique is displayed above (Diagram I), and romeo and juliet tragic essay, below it is the revised version of Prof. By Susan Essay. Bauer (Diagram II). Romeo Essay.  . In the Tableau Economique , the country is broadly divided into three classes: the productive class ( classe productive ), the class of essay proprietors ( class des propriétares ), and the sterile (or unproductive) class ( classe sterile ). The productive class comprises those involved in agriculture. We should note, however, that the term refers to capitalist entrepreneurs who rent land and flaws, hire workers, so it is premised here that agriculture is conducted under capitalistic methods. This class is said to be “productive” because it alone is thought to produce the produit net (net product), which is the surplus over and above what is consumed in production.
The class of proprietors includes proprietors in a particular sense, i.e. landowners, as well as the lords and trifles by susan glaspell essay, the tithe-owners who earn a ten percent tax ( décimateur ). Flaws. This class lives by obtaining profit created by the productive class, rather than engaging in productive endeavors themselves. Essay. Finally, the and juliet flaws essay, sterile class includes those engaged in and it field, affairs outside of agriculture. This class is called “sterile”—or unproductive—because they were thought to only add to the value of the raw materials—which are supplied by the productive class—the value of the romeo tragic flaws essay, materials of livelihood that they also received from the productive class. Quesnay’s economic table seeks to elucidate the manner in which simple reproduction is carried out in a closed-off nation that comprises these three classes. He supposes certain numerical figures as an indispensable means of precise reasoning. These figures were apparently based on field the results of romeo and juliet flaws essay a survey of the holocaust essay capitalist-run agriculture in romeo tragic flaws, one region of France, with Quesnay supposing that the resume and it, same production methods are carried out nationwide. The important thing for us today, however, is simply the relations between these figures. According to Quesnay’s assumptions, the productive class first of all engages in agriculture, with ten billion [or milliards in Diagram I] in fixed capital, which he calls “original advances” ( avances primitives ), and two billion in circulating capital, or “annual advances” ( avances annuelles ). Of course, the ten billion in fixed capital is not used up every year, and the annual cost of maintaining this fixed capital is estimated to be one-tenth of its total value, or one billion (which Quesnay calls les intérets des avances primitives ). The productive class, therefore, expends a total of three billion on production every year. By expending this three billion, the productive class creates products with an romeo and juliet flaws, aggregate value of five billion, so every year there is a two billion surplus in value in the form of agricultural products.
This surplus of two billion, or rather the surplus agricultural products valued at two billion, is what Physiocrats call the write my law, “net product” ( produit net ). This net product is subsequently paid to the class of proprietors in and juliet tragic essay, the form of write rent, the 10-percent tax, etc. It is assumed, however, that this is a monetary, not an and juliet tragic essay, in-kind, payment. So it is also supposed that at breakfast club essay, the end of the year of production, the flaws essay, productive class will have, in addition to an agricultural product with a value of five billion, two billion in money that can be used to pay rent. The explanation above basically covers the value-relation in Quesnay’s economic table. International Competition 2012. Turning to its material content, the three billion in money the productive class spends during a year of production is made up of two billion in agricultural goods and one billion in manufactured goods, which by the end of the production process has been transformed into five billion in agricultural goods. Thus, comparing the beginning and the end of annual production, we see first of romeo tragic essay all that the two billion in agricultural goods has been reproduced in that same form, as agricultural goods, and the one billion in manufactured goods has been replaced by one billion in agricultural goods, while there are two billion in newly created agricultural goods as well. Incidentally, for the total product of five billion, the first, two billion component does not enter circulation and is used instead to replenish one part of the capital of the productive class. Essay. This does not enter circulation because the economic table only deals with the and juliet flaws, three main classes, completely setting aside the circulation that takes place within a class.
In contrast, the next, one billion component of the total product cannot, in its form as agricultural goods, again be used by the productive class as productive capital. In order to return this capital of the productive class to a form that is useful in production, it needs to trifles glaspell essay, be exchanged for one billion in manufactured goods. Romeo And Juliet. Finally, the remaining two billion component of the product, which represents the surplus, covers the two billion in value that must be paid as rent. Therefore, the nature of this two billion in essay scene, money used to pay rent is such that after it has flowed back to flaws essay, the productive class it is exchanged with that other class. Thus, of the five billion in agricultural goods, two billion rests in competition 2012, the possession of the productive class, while the and juliet tragic essay, remaining three billion is destined to circulate to the holocaust be remembered essay, other classes.
Next, it is supposed that the class of proprietors receives two billion in romeo and juliet tragic essay, income every year. This yearly income, as noted already, represents the net product (surplus in value) created through agriculture in breakfast club essay, a year, and is payment for the use of tragic flaws essay land. However, this is not merely land in its natural state, but rather land that is improved through capital investment. International Essay 2012. Therefore, this two billion in revenue also includes the tragic essay, value to replace the capital invested in the land (which Quesnay calls les avance forcièrs —i.e. the the holocaust be remembered essay, capital invested for the initial reclamation of the plot of land, the construction of buildings needed for cultivation, and the creation of irrigation canals, drainage, and roads). It is assumed that this revenue is paid in money, not in-kind.
Finally, it is assumed that the sterile class invests one billion of capital on raw materials and consumes one billion in materials of livelihood during the course of the year of production, thereby creating two billion in manufactured goods. Furthermore, because it is romeo tragic flaws essay, also assumed that these raw materials and glaspell essay, materials of livelihood are composed of agricultural products, it is necessary for the total product of this class to enter circulation and be exchanged for the one billion in raw materials and one billion in materials of livelihood. The circulation depicted in the economic table, under the conditions outlined above, begins with two billion in rent being paid by the productive class to romeo, the class of proprietors. This rent comes from the resume field, two billion surplus in value created in a year by flaws, the productive class, and is paid in money as is suitable to capitalistic production. The class of proprietors uses one billion livres, half of the two billion in money it now possesses, to purchase agricultural products from the productive class which are needed to sustain over the course of a year, including food items and the like. One billion of money is thus returned to the productive class, which has now disposed of one-fifth of its total product (in Bauer’s diagram the downward I arrow represents the flow of money, while the commodity the money is resume, exchanged for flows in tragic flaws essay, the opposite direction).
With its remaining one billion livres, the breakfast essay, class of proprietors purchases manufactured goods from the sterile class, such as furniture, clothing, etc. So the sterile class converts half of and juliet tragic essay its product into money. Write Essay. This money is then used by romeo and juliet flaws, the sterile class to purchase needed agricultural goods, such as food, which results in a further one billion in money returning to the productive class, which has thus disposed of the second fifth of its total product (II 1 and write my law essay, II 2 ). The productive class then spends the one billion in money received to romeo tragic essay, purchase manufactured goods from the trifles by susan analysis, sterile class, such as agricultural implements to replace those worn out in the course of production  . As a result, one billion in money flows to the sterile class, which thus discards the remaining one billion of its total product that was worth two billion. The sterile class then uses the one billion in money to purchase from the productive class the food items needed over the course of a year.
This means that one billion in money again flows to romeo flaws, the productive class, which has unloaded the third fifth of my law its total product (III 1 and III 2 ). If we examine the outcome of this circulation, the entirety of the two billion product of the sterile class and three-fifths of the romeo and juliet tragic essay, five-billion product of the productive class have been successfully sold, reaching the hands of the intended consumers. What remains is two-fifths of the productive class’s product, worth two billion. As already noted, however, this remaining product is made up of the trifles by susan glaspell, grain and foodstuffs the productive class itself requires. Instead of entering the circulation between the three main classes, this is and juliet tragic essay, used as is straight away in order for the capital of the productive class to again assume a productive form. Trifles Glaspell. This means that the entire product of society has been disposed of, with the products flowing to where they needed to go. That is not all, however.
At the same time, two billion in money has returned to the hands of the productive class, and and juliet, the two billion in resume field, yearly advances and the one billion that is the worn-out part of the original advances are covered and replenished. Turning to the sterile class, one billion in raw materials and one billion in materials of livelihood have been replenished. Finally, the class of proprietors possesses the one billion in agricultural goods and one billion in manufactured goods that make up its yearly materials of livelihood. This means that the conditions for a year of life are fully in place, for each of the classes of society, thus ensuring their continued existence, while at the same time putting in place the necessary conditions for production to romeo and juliet, be carried out on the same scale as initially premised. In other words, the continuation of simple reproduction, which is the repetition of production on the same scale as before, has been guaranteed. Here we have presented the gist of Quesnay’s economic table.
It is simply astounding how well suited it is to the grandeur of the ideas, and how simple and to the point it is. Mirabeau may miss the mark in various ways when he says that “there have been, since the world beganЃcthree great inventions” with the first being the “invention of writing” the second the “invention of money” and the third the “ Oeconomical Table ,”  but it is an undeniable fact that Quesnay’s table is one of the most revolutionary achievements within the history of political economy, representing the and it, moment when this field of study finally reaches the point of constituting a scientific system. Not only was the Tableau Economique the first system of political economy, it is also remarkable in the sense that it was the and juliet essay, only attempt, prior to Marx, to depict the reproduction of the total social capital.  Marx appropriately noted that: [Quesnay’s Tableau Economique ] was an attempt to portray the whole production process of capital as a process of reproduction, with circulation merely as the form of this reproduction process; and the circulation of money only as a phase in trifles glaspell analysis, the circulation of capital; at the same time to include in this reproduction process the romeo and juliet flaws essay, origin of revenue, the breakfast essay, exchange between capital and revenue, the relation between reproductive consumption and final consumption; and to include in the circulation of capital the circulation between consumers and producers (in fact between capital and revenue); and finally to present the circulation between the two great divisions of productive labor—raw material production and manufacture—as phases of this reproduction process; and and juliet flaws, all this depicted in one Tableau which in fact consists of by susan analysis essay no more than five lines which link together six points of romeo and juliet tragic flaws essay departure or returnЃcthis was an extremely brilliant conception, incontestably the most brilliant  for which political economy had up to then been responsible.  In Quesnay’s economic table, instead of each type of economic relation being abstractly observed in isolation, they are observed synthetically. I have just mentioned that Quesnay and my law essay, Marx were the only ones in the history of political economy to seek to comprehensively consider this issue, but I should note that the romeo and juliet tragic flaws essay, former was the creator of political economy as a system whereas the latter brings political economy to essayists, its culmination. Is this a mere coincidence or is there some fundamental, underlying social factor? It seems to me that the need to comprehensively consider the economic movement of society is first keenly felt when the economic structure of society as a totality first comes to be an issue.
For this reason, it seems natural that within the history of modern political economy—which begins in the midst of the deadlock of the feudal system with the desire to establish capitalism, and comes to tragic flaws essay, an end with a comprehensive critique of capitalism that coincides with the broad unfolding of its contradictions—the desire to write, consider the process of reproduction would appear at the beginning and then at the end. I think it could be said this desire gradually recedes from the time of Quesnay to romeo flaws, that of Smith, and even further from the time of Smith to Ricardo, as a reflection of the steady establishment of capitalist production and the situation where the inner contradictions of the capitalist system had yet to be broadly exposed. Contradictions of Physiocracy and the Emergence of the breakfast, Classical school. The previous section introduced the flaws essay, main content of resume and it field Quesnay’s economic table, indicating that it was a most remarkable system in terms of considering the reproduction process of and juliet flaws essay social capital; an effort not pursued subsequently until the arrival of Marx. We also speculated as to why this attempt was made by the founder of political economy (Quesnay) and glaspell analysis, the person who brought it to its culmination (Marx). In other words, we focused primarily on the magnificent way the problem is grasped in Quesnay’s economic table, emphasizing the and juliet essay, points in common between Quesnay and Marx. However, if we compare the content of the write my law essay, two men’s theories, the tremendous distance separating them becomes apparent. Just as the trajectory from the sudden rise of capitalism to its period of decline was propelled forward by the real developmental process of capitalistic relations of production, the progress from the starting point of political economy to its culmination was made possible by the theoretical development of the English Classical school, based first and foremost on and juliet tragic flaws essay the analysis of exchange-value. If we are to understand the great significance of the theoretical development of the Classical school within the history of political economy, particularly the great essayists, analysis of exchange-value as the fundamental element, we need to go back to romeo tragic flaws, the Physiocratic system, examine its content, and clarify its contradictions.
It is precisely because of their value that the products are sold to become two billion in romeo and juliet flaws essay, money. This money in turn is handed over as rent to the class that enjoys exclusive ownership of the land, which is the fundamental labor requirement for agriculture, and the money makes up the essay, revenue of and juliet tragic flaws that class of proprietors. Thus, the net product, which the Physiocrats posited at the center of their doctrine as the sole source of a nation’s net revenue, is grasped as use-value and essay, as a surplus product, but in romeo and juliet, the relation above it is understood in the sense of value or surplus-value instead. In other words, their “net product” can be described as value grasped in the form of a material thing, and at contemporary essayists, the same time as surplus-value cognized in the form of a surplus agricultural product. Surplus-value is of course the pivot of the and juliet tragic flaws, capitalist economy, the ultimate objective and fundamental impetus of capitalist production. From a capitalist perspective, production is above all the production of surplus-value. Thus, Quesnay gets to the heart of modern production when he places net product at the center of his system, making a distinction between productive and unproductive labor on the basis of whether a net product is generated or not.
This basic idea is not particular to Quesnay and field, his school of thought alone, but rather is a keynote of modern political economy in its various forms. The doctrine of Mercantilism, first of all, which belongs to the prehistory of political economy, advocated the policy of promoting greater exports than imports paid for in gold and silver in order to use the funds generated to subsidize the protection of export-oriented commerce and industry. This position is an romeo tragic flaws essay, expression of the aforementioned view, in why should, its crudest form. The balance of trade, in the form of an increase of gold and silver, is the most visible form of a national surplus in value, and what brings it about, directly speaking, is export-related commerce and industry. The fact that Mercantilists held fast to this highly visible form, overlooking the ultimate source, reveals their theoretical crudity and that they were unable to shake free of the realm of practical affairs. And Juliet Tragic. As Quesnay correctly argued, commerce is the exchange of things whose own values are already determined, so that value exists even before the transaction. Breakfast Scene. In the case of commerce, as long as equivalents are exchanged, no surplus of profit can be generated, while in and juliet essay, the case where non-equivalents are exchanged, the gain on one side is a loss on the other.
Exchange is merely the the holocaust essay, realization of romeo and juliet already existing value in the form of money, or the transfer of value that is in the hands of another individual or nation. From an overall perspective, the process of circulation certainly cannot account for the original generation of surplus-value. Herein lies the fundamental defect of Mercantilism as a theoretical system. In order for political economy to the holocaust, constitute itself as a science, it was necessary to romeo flaws, move from a partial, to an overall perspective, advancing from the the holocaust be remembered, subjective standpoint of and juliet essay merchants and politicians to an objective and theoretical standpoint, tracing our way back from matters concerning the mere realization and distribution of value, to arrive at its original creation. The focus of attention shifted from the process of resume circulation to the process of production. And here we have the groundbreaking significance of the Physiocrats’ distinction between productive and unproductive labor.
As Marx notes, “The Physiocrats transferred the inquiry into the origin of romeo and juliet flaws surplus-value from the sphere of circulation into the sphere of direct production, and thereby laid the foundation for the analysis of capitalist production.”  The Physiocrats managed to raise this issue, but at the same time they failed to clarify what constitutes value. So they inevitably fell into remarkable confusion regarding value and use-value. On the trifles by susan glaspell essay, one hand, they grasped relations pertaining to value in the form of use-value, while on the other hand they confused problems inherent to and juliet tragic flaws essay, use-value with problems that pertain to value. Write My Law. As a result, numerous contradictions and a great deal of confusion arose within their doctrine, as is manifested most clearly in their view on the productive character of agriculture. First of all, when Physiocrats insist on the productive character of romeo and juliet tragic flaws agriculture, this character refers to why should the holocaust be remembered essay, the production of surplus-value; at the same time, however, as long as it is tragic flaws, not made clear what value stems from, it is impossible for them to clarify the general law of the resume and it, production of surplus-value. And within agriculture a peculiar situation exists, where agriculture is the department that produces materials of livelihood, so that what the romeo and juliet tragic flaws essay, agricultural laborer consumes in production is again reproduced, in the same in-kind form, within the product that they themselves produce.
They consume agricultural products to create agricultural products. Moreover, they create more agricultural products than the given amount they consume. Therefore, the difference between the two amounts, without being mediated by the concept of value, can be recognized as a surplus product.  This is not the case in the realm of industry, where the things workers consume and what they create are of a completely different nature. Therefore, the surplus-value created by why should the holocaust essay, industrial workers cannot be recognized in its given form of use-value. Just as ten kilograms of wheat cannot be deducted from one carpet, the romeo and juliet tragic essay, materials of livelihood of why should industrial workers are only first replenished through the exchange of their products. The difference between what the industrial workers consume and what they produce is something abstract and hard to tragic flaws essay, pin down, which can only international 2012 first be understood through the value-analysis of simple labor. It is this circumstance that is the primary factor underlying the belief of the flaws, Physiocrats that only agriculture is essay competition august 2012, productive. Because the and juliet tragic flaws, Physiocrats did not clarify the character of value, they only grasped the production of surplus-value in the form of the production of surplus use-values. As a result, they were unable to recognize the productive character of areas of production other than agriculture. Meanwhile, they directly confused matters inherently related to write essay, use-value with those related to value, thus generating even more confusion regarding the distinction between the concepts of productive and unproductive.
They believed that agriculture occupies a special place within a society’s economy, as the sphere that produces the foodstuffs that are the key requirement for human life. Accordingly to this view, without agriculture, and therefore without the production of foodstuffs, people would be incapable of maintaining their existence. This means that agriculture is the most fundamental of all the spheres of production, and the reason that some can live without engaging in agriculture is the result of the fact that those engaged in agriculture have created a surplus product in excess of their own consumption. In other words, the surplus agricultural product (“net product”) is the foundation for the lives of all the other classes, with the independent existence of and juliet tragic commerce, industry, and other endeavors merely being flowers that bloom thanks to those agricultural roots. This view underlies the Physiocrats’ idea that only agriculture is productive, along with their other motives and reasons. Quesnay also says that the club essay scene, productive class is essay, always independent through the outcome of their own labor, whereas the other classes are isolated because they are unable to obtain the materials of livelihood through their unproductive labor. He sees manufacture as a mere offshoot of resume and it agriculture, saying that the expansion of the “sterile class” that occurs along with the increase in population and national wealth is made possible by the productive class and the wealth it creates.” Granted, such views in and of themselves are not mistaken. Indeed, they reflect an extremely interesting viewpoint, both theoretically and historically (although the Physiocrats did not developed them in a sufficiently conscious or accurate form). Still, these are problems that clearly pertain directly to use-value , and cannot be the direct criteria for a distinction between the concepts of productive and unproductive in terms of value . It is inappropriate and conceptually confusing to introduce such a view into the discussion of the distinction between productive and unproductive.
The confusion stems from the fact that the Physiocrats had become hopelessly perplexed about the intrinsic distinction between productive and unproductive labor. But at the same time there is particular significance underlying their view. From the perspective of the and juliet flaws, historical process of capitalist development, there is great significance in the line Quesnay drew between agriculture (as the production sphere of the fundamental materials of livelihood) and the other spheres of production, and in his emphasis on club essay scene the development of the former being the flaws essay, necessary premise for the development of the latter. This historical significance needs to be underscored, in light of the commonly held view that the agriculture-centered position of the Physiocrats was nothing more than a valuing of trifles by susan analysis essay agriculture for its own sake, attributed as a mere reaction against Mercantilism. In fact, however, the journey of history is not a sort of meaningless repetition of romeo flaws action and reaction, but rather a developmental journey that unfolds by means of action and reaction. Likewise, the history of schools of thought cannot be understood if this relation of development is overlooked. The agriculture-centered view of the Physiocrats cannot be understood as esteeming agriculture for its own sake or as a reaction against mercantilism.
The true historical significance of international competition 2012 Physiocracy can first be grasped in line with the necessity of capitalistic production as a developmental process. We need to consider the exact significance of this agriculture-centered characteristic of the Physiocrats, which may at first glance seems anti-capitalistic, from the perspective of the essay, development of field capitalistic production. Since the sphere of production particular to the development of capitalism is romeo and juliet essay, industry, not agriculture, what possible relationship could there be between the Physiocrats’ emphasis on agricultural development and the development of capitalistic production? Certainly capitalism did first spring forth within industry, and the holocaust essay, ultimately achieved its own particular development within industry. But in order for the capitalistic production that sprang forth within industry to achieve its own development therein, it had to make use of agriculture and was able to achieve the capitalistic transformation of agriculture to some extent. Still, the tragic flaws, premise and indispensable precondition for the large-scale development of capitalistic production in 2012, the industrial sector is the romeo tragic essay, existence of large numbers of property-less laborers and the materials of livelihood that their wages are converted into. These human and material elements only come into club scene, existence as the result of the capitalistic transformation of agriculture. This transformation means an increase in the productive power of romeo tragic agricultural labor and at resume and it field, the same time a curbing of the consumption of the agricultural laborers themselves. This in turn reduces the number of laborers needed while increasing the surplus product. Moreover, this surplus population and surplus product in turn brings into existence property-less wageworkers emancipated from the land, as well as materials of livelihood that are unshackled from a subsistence economy to take the form of commodities. Thus, the wage-laborers and materials of romeo and juliet flaws essay livelihood that emerging industry requires are “separated” from contemporary agriculture.
We can seen, then, that the Physiocrats’ emphasis on agriculture, which was the exterior trait of their doctrine, does not signify a mere penchant for agriculture for its own sake as many supporters of this doctrine themselves thought and later historians mistakenly imagined. And Juliet Tragic Flaws Essay. Rather, quite contrary to its feudalistic appearance, the Physiocratic position was a manifestation of the need for by susan glaspell, the capitalistic transformation of agriculture, as a necessary stage in the development of romeo tragic essay capitalistic production. Indeed, the primary concern of Quesnay was not the particular interests of landed property in the sector of agriculture, nor the interests of the the holocaust be remembered, feudal landowning class, but the accumulation of romeo essay capital within agriculture and the interests of capitalist agricultural entrepreneurs. Moreover, capital was not to be limited essentially to the domain of agriculture. The accumulation of capital within agriculture merely signified the essay, prelude to the coming general development of capitalistic production. The capitalistic essence of the Physiocratic school is also manifested in the two main policies it advocated: (1) A single tax on rent ( impêt unique ) and (2) and a laissez-faire economic approach. It hardly merits further mention that both of these polices were clear expressions of the pressing demands of romeo flaws capital at the time.  In the discussion thus far, we have analyzed the essay, Physiocrats’ view that only agriculture is productive, which ultimate led to the collapse of this school of thought. We saw that they considered the character of tragic being productive in terms of producing surplus-value, and that they were quite correct as far as grasping the gist of surplus-value.
Raising this issue of the creation of surplus-value was clearly a pioneering advance over write essay, the Mercantilists. At the same time, though, their understanding was inevitably limited due to the defects in and juliet tragic flaws, their analysis of value, and their inability to recognize the production of surplus-value in non-agricultural spheres was the write essay, natural outcome of tragic not reducing value to general labor. We have also seen that this same defect led them to confuse problems pertaining to use-values with problems pertaining to value, thus introducing, within the fundamental distinction between productive and unproductive, another distinction based upon a separate perspective. The confusion between value and use-value not only muddied the distinction between what is productive and unproductive, but also meant that the particular significance of that separate perspective could not be appropriately developed. Finally, we looked at the historical significance of the Physiocrats’ viewpoint for competition 2012, their own era, which was the dawn of capitalistic production. Through our analysis I think we were able to clarify a number of points. Namely, it despite external appearances, there are important elements of truth within the Physiocratic doctrine on the productive character of agriculture. Romeo. However, these elements became entangled—due to write my law essay, confusion between problems pertaining to value and those pertaining to use-value—with a bias towards agriculture that at first glance seems nonsensical. By disentangling them, from romeo and juliet flaws essay our present-day perspective, we can uncover the following tasks. The first task is the great contemporary essayists, investigation of the production process as the source of surplus-value, while the second task concerns the capitalistic transformation of tragic flaws essay agriculture as a necessary stage for capitalistic development.
The latter, practical task, was subsequently forcefully achieved on essay competition august a global scale though the development of history itself, but the first task is inherent to political economy, and therefore its satisfaction remained necessary for romeo essay, the further development of political economy. How was this second task achieved? We have already clarified that the write my law essay, root cause of the Physiocrats’ failure to solve this problem was the defect in their analysis of value. Thus, the higher development required to solve this problem must of course begin with the romeo and juliet essay, analysis of value. It was the Classical school, developed in England, that analyzed value to reduce it to “labor” and clarified that surplus-value could be generated in any sphere of write my law production. 1. This fundamental view of Quesnay is expressed in the following passages: “Positive legislation consists, then, in the enunciation of the and juliet tragic flaws essay, natural laws constituting the order which is breakfast essay, self-evidently the romeo and juliet essay, most advantageous possible to men joined together in societyЃcIt is only the understanding of these supreme laws which can ensure the club essay, continuing peace and prosperity of an empire; and essay, the more a nation applies itself to this science, the greater will be the sway of the natural order in it, and the more correct will its positive order be. In such a nation an unwise law would not be put forward, for the government and the people would immediately perceive its absurdity. “The foundation of society is the subsistence of men and the wealth necessary to provide the authority required to defend them.
Thus it could only be ignorance which would, for example, approve of the introduction of why should the holocaust be remembered essay positive laws which militated against flaws, the order of the reproduction and the regular annual circulation of the wealth of essay scene a kingdom’s territory. If the torch of reason illuminates the government, all positive laws harmful to society and to the sovereign will disappear.” (from Meek, R.L., The Economics of Physiocracy , Harvard University Press, Cambridge, pp. 54-5) “It is very much in the interests of the proprietors, the sovereign, and the nation as a whole that all taxes should be directly laid on the revenue of the land; for any other form of imposition would be contrary to flaws, the natural order, since it would be detrimental to reproduction and to taxation, and the taxes would fall on the taxes themselves. Everything in this world is subject to the laws of nature: men are endowed with the intelligence required to the holocaust be remembered, understand and observe them; but the great number of factors involved demands that they should be grouped together in comprehensive patterns, which form the foundation of a very far-reaching and self-evident science, whose study is indispensable if we are to avoid mistakes in policy.” (Ibid., p 154) 2. Stephan Bauer’s table appears in his essay “Quesnay’s Tableau Economique” (Economic Journal vol. V. Romeo And Juliet Flaws. p. 17) 3. In Bauer’s table, for this purchase the one billion in money that flows directly back from the class of proprietors is used (money that returns via I) but this does not necessarily have to be the case. The money that returns from the breakfast club essay, class of proprietors via the sterile class (via II) could likewise be used; it might also be supposed that the other one billion in money the class of romeo proprietors is holding is contemporary, used; or it could be supposed that the sterile class, rather than the productive class, is holding one billion in money which is used at the outset to buy products from the productive class (Although in this case instead of III 2 following after lines III 1 it would be II 2 following after II 1 . Romeo Tragic Flaws. In any of the above cases, however, money flows back into the hands of the class that initially released it into circulation by traveling back and breakfast scene, forth between both classes.) It would also be fine to suppose that each of the two classes separately holds one billion in money that is then simultaneously used to purchase one billion in goods from the other side. (But in this case, instead of money traveling back and and juliet tragic, forth to flow back to its starting point, it would be transferred to each side.) In Quesnay’s own table, this last situation can be said to write, have been supposed. 4. Flaws Essay. Quoted in resume and it, Smith, The Wealth of Nations, Book I-III, Penguin Books, Middlesex, p. 200. 5. Because the economic table at first glance seems to have not six, but rather five points of and juliet tragic departure and great contemporary essayists, arrival, some may have doubts about and juliet tragic, what Marx has written, but these doubts should dissolve immediately upon considering that the line expressing the money for the advance of rent is omitted. 6. Such praise, needless to the holocaust be remembered essay, say, does not mean that Quesnay’s economic table is perfect as a diagram of the reproduction process of social capital.
Indeed, it has numerous defects, not only in the technique of presentation but also those reflecting an romeo tragic, insufficient economic understanding. The most glaring defects include: (1) Even though it is supposed that the productive class has material advances (constant capital) five times greater than annual advances (circulating capital), this is not said to be the case for the sterile (unproductive) class; (2) Despite the sterile class having annual advances of great contemporary essayists 2 billion livres, composed of 1 billion in materials of livelihood and romeo and juliet flaws, 1 billion in raw materials, in the right column under advances only 1 billion is written; (3) Although the total sum of reproduction is 1 billion from the 5 billion of the productive class and 2 billion from the sterile class, in the table this total is listed as 5 billion. All three of these cases are clear contradictions from the perspective of the table’s premises. But the more fundamental defects are the following: (1) Quesnay does not elucidate what value is, and is thus unable to write my law essay, understand how surplus-value is tragic essay, produced, with the outcome being that in and it field, the economic table the non-agricultural production sphere involving the “sterile” (unproductive) class is said to not produce any surplus-value at all; (2) Related to this lack of understanding, by only concentrating on the distinction, based on romeo essay the turnover mode of capital, between “original advances” (fixed capital) and “annual advances” (circulating capital), Quesnay overlooks the more fundamental distinction between constant capital (capital invested in means or production) and variable capital (capital invested to purchase labor-power), and therefore is unable to understand the value of the product of capital in the form of constant capital + variable capital + surplus-value (usually indicated as c+v+s). Why Should The Holocaust Be Remembered Essay. Furthermore, this distinction between constant and variable capital is a distinction based first of all on the valorization function of capital (i.e. the production of surplus-value), but this also has separate importance when considering the reproduction process of social capital. That is, in order for production to be continued on the same scale, the value component of the product of capital that reappears in the value of the constant capital needs to be transformed again into the form of means of production via the circulation process, and therefore represents the demand for the means of production; while the component that reappears in the value of the variable capital needs to be retransformed into labor-power after being realized in the money-form, and through ultimately being exchanged with the working class this forms, along with surplus-value, the demand for the materials of livelihood. This has extremely important significance when analyzing the reproduction process of social capital. But this is not something unconditional. For this, the production spheres that appear in the supply need to be distinguished, in line with the romeo and juliet, two major categories of demand just mentioned, into: (a) the production department of means of production and (b) the production department of the materials of consumption. (3) In the economic table, however, as already noted, instead of this making distinction, Quesnay distinguishes between the productive class and the unproductive (“sterile”) class. This distinction is based on his lack of understanding of the production of surplus-value, but even if we look solely at the content of the distinction between the sphere of agriculture and the sphere of industry, this way of resume and it dividing the production departments—in a manner unrelated to the distinction of the elements of capital for production and tragic essay, unrelated to the distinction of the value components of the commodity capital provided—is, needless to say, inappropriate to the aim of analyzing the write, process of reproduction. This point can be further clarified by comparing Quesnay’s economic table with Marx’s schema of romeo reproduction.
Marx discusses the reproduction and circulation of the total social capital in Part three of the field, second volume of Capital, where his schema of flaws reproduction appears. In addition to the mode of simple reproduction, he discusses expanded reproduction, but here I think it is sufficient to only introduce the former, which is contemporary, as follows: I 4,000c+1,000v+1,000s = 6,000 (means of production) II 2,000c+500v+500s = 3,000 (means of consumption) In the case above, I. represents the romeo and juliet flaws essay, department for the production of the means of production, while II. By Susan Glaspell Analysis Essay. is the department for romeo tragic, the production of the materials of consumption, and c, v, and s signify the constant capital, variable capital, and breakfast essay, surplus-value, respectively.
The rate of constant capital to variable capital (c/v) is referred to as the romeo and juliet tragic, “organic composition of capital,” which differs depending on the level of why should be remembered essay productive power—although here we will assume that it is 4:1 in both departments. The rate of surplus-value is s/v, and its determination is discussed elsewhere, and here it is supposed here that the rate is romeo and juliet flaws, 100 percent. The money unit could be 10,000 yen, pounds, dollars, etc., and essay scene, the 4,000 for constant capital in I. is also merely an arbitrary figure chosen for romeo and juliet tragic, the convenience of calculation. However, once the figure of 4,000 has been chosen, based on the assumptions above, variable capital in contemporary essayists, I. Romeo Flaws. must be 1,000 so that surplus-value in I. will also be 1,000. The same is true for II.
That is, as long as c/v and s/v are fixed, once c has been posited, v and s are decided in turn. Thus the issue ultimately revolves around the nature of the relation between the two departments. And this is what forms the be remembered essay, crux of Marx’s schema, with this relation reducible to: I. (v+s) = II. c. However, since the 4,000c in I. is produced in the form of means of production, it is possible without exchange with the other department to use this to renew the worn-out means of production in this department solely through internal exchange; meanwhile, the v+s in II. is produced in the form of materials of tragic flaws essay consumption so this can likewise be used for the consumption of workers and club scene, capitalists within the department via exchange within the department. Therefore, the needed exchange between the two departments is limited to the exchange between the v+s in I (value component that needs to be expended on the materials of consumption for input but still exists in the form of the means of romeo and juliet essay production) and great essayists, the c in II (value component that needs to be expended to replenish the means of production but still exists in romeo and juliet flaws, the form of the means of consumption). So a condition of equilibrium between the two departments in simple reproduction would be: I (v + m) = IIc. The schema of reproduction can be explained in the following manner. Suppose that the value of the product of the total capital of society is 9,000, with the c/v and s/v as assumed above, and that the total product comprising 6,000c+1,500v+1,500s. Essay Competition. In the case of romeo and juliet flaws simple reproduction, the contemporary essayists, 6,000c forms the demand for means of production to replenish those that have been worn out; the total of 3,000 from the 1,500v and 1,500s forms the demand for means of consumption.
Therefore, in order for romeo and juliet flaws, supply to meet demand, of 9,000 value of the total product, 6,000 must be the product of department I and 3,000 the product of department II, so that—if the organic composition of breakfast club scene capital and the rate of romeo flaws surplus-value are as assumed above—the schema would have the same figures we began with. I 4,000c+1,000v 1,000s = 6,000 (means of production) II 2,000c+500v+500s = 3,000 (means of my law essay consumption) In this case, the equilibrium condition premised is: I. 4,000c+II. 2,000c = I. (4,000c+1,000v+1,000s); I. (1,000v+1,000s) + II. (500v+500s) = II. (2,000c+500v+500s). Tragic Flaws Essay. But if we offset the factors that both sides have in common, we arrive, as noted earlier, at the equation I. (1,000v + 1,000s) = II 2,000c. The significance of Marx’s schema of reproduction is competition august, not limited the explanation above, and it was a means of elucidating fundamental problems that political economy had been unable to solve since the time of Smith. But even setting this aside to just consider the elucidation of the relation of equilibrium just explained, we can see what an enormous, essential advance this was over Quesnay’s economic table, and therefore what serious defects that table has. Still, it must be considered remarkable that at the outset of the history of political economy Quesnay was able to raise the issue of the reproduction process of the romeo and juliet tragic flaws, total capital and that he was able to grasp and express this to some extent. 7. Karl Marx, Marx Engels Collected Works , vol.
31, pp. 239-40. 8. Karl Marx, Marx Engels Collected Works , vol. 30, p. 354. 9. The Physiocrats, who grasped the production of surplus-value solely in such a form, naturally also came to see the “net product” as the bounty of nature. They believed that in agriculture nature cooperated with man to generate a net product. International Essay Competition 2012. Needless to say, however, the possibility for surplus-value to be produced in agriculture (as in all spheres of production for that matter) is above all premised on productivity beyond a certain level for romeo and juliet tragic flaws essay, the agricultural laborers who are involved in why should the holocaust, the production of the and juliet tragic, foodstuffs that comprise the key materials of livelihood, and a high level of productive power of agricultural labor depends in large part on nature. If nature is poor so that even after a day’s labor a person can only produce enough material things to barely maintain his own life, there is no question from the beginning of producing surplus-value. But, at the same time, even if nature is trifles glaspell, abundant, so that a person can produce more things than are needed to maintain his own life, if that person enjoys all of the product for himself, this will merely raise his own living conditions and the existence of a “net product” would be impossible.
And it is also clear that a “net product” could not exist if this person only worked enough to produce the things needed to and juliet tragic flaws, maintain his own existence, not laboring beyond this point. Club Scene. In other words, the existence of a “new product” is premised, on tragic flaws the one hand, on the worker’s own consumption being restricted to a certain level, and on the other hand to the worker laboring beyond the labor needed to produce his own materials of livelihood. The Physiocrats, when explaining the production of breakfast a new product in agriculture, have clearly premised a minimum wage in the theory of wages as the basis of their explanation, and at the same time they have in and juliet essay, fact, implicitly, premised a certain working day. Yet they did not conclude that the net product is brought about by a surplus of labor that is the labor that exceeds the labor-time needed for the reproduction of labor-power. Resume And It. Nor, much less, did they conclude that this surplus labor is coerced through the condition where land, which is the fundamental condition within agriculture, cannot be used unless the cultivator pays rent to the certain class that exclusively owns the land. Instead of concluding this, the Physiocrats say that the use-values consumed by the workers within production are less than the romeo and juliet tragic flaws, use-values they create, so that there is a surplus of use-values. Instead of international competition august 2012 focusing attention on the fact that if workers only produced what was necessary for their own lives nothing above this would remain, they only assert that thanks to the productivity of the land a surplus is possible.
The Physiocrats view nature as the sole basis for the production of a surplus, without looking at the social relations. 10. For example, in and juliet tragic essay, 15th of his “General Maxims for the Economic Government of an Agricultural Kingdom,” Quesnay writes: “ That the land employed in the cultivation of corn should be brought together, as far as possible, into large farms worked by rich husbandmen ; for in large agricultural enterprises there is less expenditure required for the upkeep and repair of buildings, and proportionally much less cost and essay august, much more net product, than in small ones. A multiplicity of small farmers is detrimental to the population. The population whose position is most assured, and which is most readily available for the different occupations and different kinds of work which divide men into different classes, is that maintained by the net product. All economies profitably made use of in work which can be done with the and juliet flaws essay, aid of animals, machines, rivers, etc., bring benefit to the population and the state, because a greater net product procures men a greater reward for other services or other kinds of work.” ( The Economics of Physiocracy , 1963, p. Trifles Essay. 235) And in and juliet essay, his explanation of the 26th maxim, he writes the following: “Nations always believe that they do not have enough men: it is not perceived that there are not enough wages to maintain a larger population, and that men without means are of benefit to a country only to the extent that they receive assured gains there which enable them to live by their work. In the absence of gains or wages, it is true, a section of people in the countryside may generate for their subsistence certain very low-priced products which do not demand large expenses or protracted labor, and the holocaust essay, which one does not have to wait a long time before gathering in. But these men, these products, and the land on which they are grown, are worth nothing to the state. Romeo And Juliet Tragic Essay. In order that the land should yield a revenue, work in the countryside must render a net product over and above the wages paid to essay, the workmen, for romeo, it is this net product which enables the other classes of men who are necessary in a state to subsist.
This should not be expected from poor men who work the land with their hands, or with other insufficient resources; for they can procure subsistence for themselves alone only by write my law essay, giving up the romeo, cultivation of corn, which demands too much time, too much labor, and too much expense to be carried on by men who are destitute of means and reduced to obtaining their food from the land simply by the work of their hands. “Thus it is not to these poor peasants that you should entrust the cultivation of your land. It is animals which should plough and fertilize your fields; it is consumption, sales, and free and unobstructed internal and external trade which ensure the market value which constitutes your revenue. Thus it is wealthy men whom you should put in charge of the enterprises of agriculture and rural trade, in order to enrich yourselves, to enrich the state, and to enable inexhaustible wealth to be generated. “The more wealth a nation possesses for the purpose of enabling wealth to be annually regenerated, the less men does this annual reproduction employ, the more net product it yields, and the more men the government has at its disposal for services and write my law, public works; and the more wages there are to enable them to subsist, the more useful are these men to the state by virtue of their occupations, and by virtue of their expenditure, which causes their pay to and juliet tragic essay, be brought back into circulation.” ( The Economics of Physiocracy , 1963, pp. 260-1)
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Tragic Flaws Of Romeo And Juliet - Essay - 1954 -…
Adjusting Your Resume for the Israeli Market. And Juliet Flaws? See Also: Translating Resumes and Sample Resume. One of the resume and it biggest challenges for a first time job seeker can be structuring a resume despite minimal or no experience in a particular field. Below, we listed some key points to consider when writing your resume. Does your resume meet the expectations of Israeli employers? When adjusting your resume for and juliet tragic flaws essay, the Israeli market, here are several dos and don#8217;ts. If you#8217;re looking for general resume writing guidelines (not Israel-specific), there is a tremendous amount of competition 2012 information online to guide you through the process.
For example, see http://resume.monster.com/ . For sample resumes and templates in Word format, go to romeo and juliet tragic essay your Microsoft Office program files directory, and select the Templates subdirectory. Note for be remembered, medical professionals: For licensing purposes, medical professionals are meant to create a resume that has the oldest information first, in other words, chronologically backwards from how we usually put the resume together. Consider your fields of professional interest: Prior to writing your resume, consider the type of work and jobs that interest you. Narrowing down your interests will enable you to romeo and juliet flaws determine the jobs to which you should apply. This will help structure and focus your resume. Highlight your marketable skills: Make a list of essayists skills which might interest a potential employer. This can include anything from proficiency in foreign languages to event planning. Romeo Tragic? Creating this list will also help you to narrow your fields of interest to match the needs in the job market Create a resume that highlights those skills that are relevant to resume and it field a particular job: As you begin to send your resume to romeo and juliet essay potential employers, it is my law important to romeo and juliet flaws essay tailor your resume so that it presents you as an appropriate candidate for that specific position. Essay August? Create a “Skills” section on romeo and juliet tragic your resume which highlights, in particular, those skills which are relevant to a particular job. By Susan Analysis Essay? For example, if you are applying for and juliet tragic, a position in the field of internet marketing, your social media skills can be an asset.
This will likely require that you have a few versions of and it field your resume. This section should be bulleted and brief. Objective statement: Place an romeo essay “Objective” statement at the top of your resume that lets the employer know the type of job that you are seeking. A good example would be: “To secure a position in the field of investment banking which allow me to draw upon my business degree and finance background”. Experience: In addition to write your employment history of part-time jobs or internships, if you have relevant experience in a particular field as a volunteer or a student, you should include this on your resume under the and juliet tragic essay title of “Experience.” Education: In an entry level resume, your education may be listed after your objective and your skills. If you have a degree from an institution of higher education, it is not necessary to list your high school or secondary school diploma.
Length of resume: Job hunters who are just embarking on their careers should have a resume that is only one page long. Additional resources regarding entry level resumes are available at these sites: Israeli employers are looking for short, focused resumes pointing to strong experience in resume field, a narrow field, as opposed to more well rounded resumes. If you ARE a well rounded person with multiple skills, here are a few tips to romeo flaws essay maintaining a resume that will interest Israeli employers: Create different versions of your resume . For example, if you have experience both in administration and education, create two different versions of your resume, each focused on a different skill set. Relevant details should be at the top . Don#8217;t expect employers to club essay scene scroll down. If your relevant work experience is hidden on the bottom of the resume, create a new, detailed section near the romeo tragic flaws top called #8220;Relevant Experience#8221;. For example, if you worked in write my law, non-profits for the last 5 years but also have a background in programming, create a resume for romeo tragic flaws essay, hi-tech job opportunities that highlights your programming experience. Minimize unrelated work experience . Resume? List your work experience chronologically, from the most recent to the least recent.
This section, which you can title #8220;Details of Work Experience#8221;, includes the name of each company or organization, your position, and how long you worked there. When a position is NOT relevant to the job you#8217;re applying for, eliminate any additional details. Keep your target audience in romeo tragic essay, mind . Your resume may be reviewed by someone who is trifles glaspell analysis not a native English speaker, so don#8217;t allow it to be verbose. Short, succinct bullets are best. List your computer skills . Most job opportunities require some level of and juliet computer knowledge.
Even if you#8217;re not a techie, create a Computer Skills section where you can list the software packages that you know. Does your resume unwittingly turn away Israeli employers? Here are a few common pitfalls to avoid: Contact details: If you are applying for essay august 2012, jobs that are relatively far from home, avoid mentioning your mailing address. For example, if you live in Jerusalem and are applying for tragic essay, jobs in Tel Aviv, list your cell number and email address only. Similarly, if you live in a politically sensitive area, avoid listing where you live unless you are sending the resume to someone with similar political views. Job Title: While senior sounding titles at previous places of employment can be impressive to a prospective employer, it is important to be aware that they can also be off-putting as they may imply high salary and managerial expectations. Why Should Essay? There are also cultural implications inherent in titles.
For example, in Israel, the title #8220;Vice President#8221; implies that the individual manages many dozens of romeo and juliet tragic essay employees. Also, some titles are potentially ambiguous, such as #8220;Account Manager#8221;. Try to classify a vague job title more exactly based on the type of job that you#8217;re applying for, e.g., #8220;Sales Account Manager#8221;. Language skills: Language skills are important in the Israeli job market. Glaspell? List your language skills in and juliet flaws, a separate section, and essayists, describe your knowledge level with care. Write #8220;Native speaker#8221; for languages that are your first language. Essay? Use terms like #8220;Fluent,#8221; #8220;Conversational#8221; or #8220;Basic#8221; for languages that are secondary. Resume And It? Many employers are looking for individuals to interact with clients overseas and romeo and juliet flaws essay, are only interested in people with native language skills. Israeli experience: Israeli employers like to trifles essay see that you have previous Israeli experience. However, if your current Israeli experience is romeo essay less senior than your previous North American experience, you can list it in a separate section near the international competition august 2012 bottom of the page, allowing employers to notice your North American accomplishments first. If you have not worked in Israel but volunteered here prior to romeo tragic essay your Aliyah, it is worth mentioning this as well, as it shows that you have experience functioning in a Hebrew-language environment.
Personal information: Traditional Israeli resumes list age, marital status and number of essayists children. However, if you are a working mother, do not list this information unless you are applying for position like social work or teaching that requires experience with children. Yeshiva studies: Most Israeli employers do not view Yeshiva as part of your academic or vocational training. Avoid listing your Yeshiva or Midrasha experience unless you are applying for a job in romeo, Jewish education or unless this leaves a big gap chronologically. In some places in trifles, Israel, Yeshiva study is interpreted as indicating a whole socio-religious package, which you don#8217;t necessarily want to romeo tragic flaws raise. Hobbies: Don#8217;t mention your hobbies unless they are exceptionally unique. How you send your resume can be almost as important as what the write my law resume actually says. When you submit a resume correctly, you maximize the chances of being interviewed for the job. So before you press the Send button, here are a few last minute suggestions:
Check for typos: This obvious rule is not well observed; most of the resumes received by Nefesh B#8217;Nefesh have at least one typo. Before emailing your resume, run a final Spell Check. In addition, ask a friend to romeo and juliet flaws essay look for possible errors in grammar, formatting or content. Resume? Cover Letter: When sending your resume, be sure to romeo and juliet tragic essay include a short cover letter in the body of your email. The cover letter should be 3 5 sentences describing succinctly why you are an the holocaust appropriate candidate for romeo tragic flaws essay, the job. Olim have found that sending their cover letter in contemporary essayists, Hebrew results in romeo and juliet, receiving a greater number of follow up phone calls. August? Keep in mind that the romeo and juliet tragic flaws vast majority of HR personnel are Hebrew speakers and are more likely to read a cover letter in Hebrew than in English and, as a result, to open your resume. Send the resume file as an attachment (in Word or PDF format). Write Essay? Translate it into Hebrew: In certain professions, it is romeo and juliet critical to write send a Hebrew language resume; for other professions, such as hi-tech, it#8217;s less important though you may receive a greater number of follow up phone calls if you send your resume in Hebrew. As a general rule, if you are sending your resume to an Israeli employer, it#8217;s better to send a Hebrew language resume.
The translation should be high quality, on par with the quality of your English version. Professional translators usually charge around 80 NIS to translate an average length resume. Alternatively, a friend with strong translation abilities can probably do the job just as well. Follow-up is critical: After emailing a resume to an employer, use the Internet to track down a phone number. Speak to the employer directly. Most employers receive dozens of romeo and juliet flaws resumes, and may ignore many of the emails they receive. When you follow up with a phone call, you make sure that your resume is international competition actually read. Please remember to save the file under your name.
WORKING IN PARTNERSHIP TO BUILD A STRONGER ISRAEL THROUGH ALIYAH. Please note that the information on tragic this website is for general information purposes only, and does not constitute legal or other professional advice. You should always seek independent legal or other professional advice before acting or relying upon any of breakfast scene this information. In addition, whilst Nefesh B’Nefesh makes every effort to update the romeo and juliet tragic flaws information on this website, Nefesh B’Nefesh does not guarantee the write accuracy and currency of such information. For Nefesh B’Nefesh’s full terms and conditions, please click here.
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What is Juliet's tragic flaw in Romeo and Juliet? |…
Four Different Types of Writing Styles: Expository, Descriptive, Persuasive, and Narrative. A writer’s style is a reflection of his or her personality, unique voice, and way of approaching the audience and readers. However, every piece writers write is for a specific purpose—for example, writers may want to explain how something works or persuade people to agree with their point of view. While there are as many writer's styles as there are writers, there are only romeo and juliet flaws four general purposes that lead someone to write a piece, and these are known as the great, four styles, or types, of writing. Knowing all four different types and their usages is important for tragic flaws essay any writer.
Here are the categories and their definitions: Expository writing's main purpose is to explain. It is competition august a subject-oriented writing style, in which authors focus on telling you about a given topic or subject without voicing their personal opinions. These types of essays or articles furnish you with relevant facts and figures but do not include their opinions. This is one of the most common types of romeo and juliet tragic flaws, writing.
You always see it in textbooks and how-to articles. The author just tells you about a given subject, such as how to do something. Usually explains something in a process. Is often equipped with facts and figures. Is usually in essay scene a logical order and and juliet tragic flaws, sequence. When You Would Use Expository Writing: Textbook writing.
How-to articles. Recipes. News stories (not including opinion or editorial pieces). Business, technical, or scientific writing. Many people associate the taste of pumpkins with fall. In October, companies from Starbucks to McDonalds roll out their pumpkin-flavored lattes and desserts. Here is how to make an easy pumpkin pie using only five ingredients. First, make sure you have all of the ingredients.
This writing is expository because it is breakfast essay explaining . In this case, you can already tell that the piece will be about how to make a pumpkin pie. Everyone knows that the best part about fall is all of the pumpkin-flavored desserts. Pumpkin pie is the best fall treat because it is not only delicious but also nutritious. Pumpkin is filled with vitamin A, which is essential for a healthy immune system and good vision. This is not expository because several opinions are stated, such as “Pumpkin pie is the and juliet essay, best fall treat…” Although this excerpt contains a fact about pumpkin containing vitamin A, that fact is international competition august used as evidence to support the and juliet flaws, opinion. These opinions make this an example of persuasive writing. Descriptive writing's main purpose is to describe. It is a style of writing that focuses on trifles by susan analysis, describing a character, an event, or a place in great detail. It can be poetic when the author takes the time to romeo tragic essay, be very specific in his or her descriptions. In good descriptive writing, the author will not just say: “The vampire killed his lover.”. He or she will change the sentence, focusing on great contemporary, more details and descriptions, like: “The bloody, red-eyed vampire, sunk his rust-colored teeth into the soft skin of his lover and romeo tragic, ended her life.
It is often poetic in nature It describes places, people, events, situations, or locations in a highly-detailed manner. Why Should Be Remembered Essay? The author visualizes what he or she sees, hears, tastes, smells, and feels. When You Would Use Descriptive Writing: Poetry Journal or diary writing Nature writing Descriptive passages in fiction. The iPhone 6 is unexpectedly light. While size of romeo and juliet flaws essay, its screen is bigger than those of the iPhones that came before, it is glaspell essay thinner, and its smooth, rounded body is made of and juliet tragic flaws, aluminum, stainless steel, and glass. The casing comes in a whitish silver, gold, or a color the competition 2012, company calls “space gray,” the romeo and juliet, color of the lead of a pencil, with darker gray accents. This is an example because it describes aspects of the phone. It includes details such as the size, weight, and material. So you just brought home a shiny new smartphone with a smooth glass screen the size of your palm.
The first thing you will want to do when purchasing a new cell is breakfast essay scene buy a case. Cracking your screen is an awful feeling, and protection is inexpensive when you compare it to the costs of a new phone. Even though this example uses adjectives, you can tell that this is not an example of descriptive writing because the purpose is not to and juliet tragic essay, describe the international competition 2012, phone—it’s to persuade you to buy a case. Persuasive writing's main purpose is to convince. Unlike expository writing, persuasive writing contains the opinions and biases of the author. To convince others to agree with the author's point of view, persuasive writing contains justifications and reasons. Romeo? It is often used in contemporary letters of complaint, advertisements or commercials, affiliate marketing pitches, cover letters, and newspaper opinion and editorial pieces. Persuasive writing is equipped with reasons, arguments, and justifications.
In persuasive writing, the author takes a stand and asks you to agree with his or her point of view. It often asks for romeo tragic flaws readers to do something about the situation (this is called a call-to-action). When You Would Use Persuasive Writing: Opinion and editorial newspaper pieces. Advertisements. Reviews (of books, music, movie, restaurants, etc.).
Letter of recommendation. Write? Letter of complaint. Cover letters. Following the 2012 Olympic Games hosted in London, the UK Trade and romeo and juliet, Investment department reported a ?9.9 billion boost to the economy. Although it is expensive to contemporary, host the Olympics, if done right, they can provide real jobs and economic growth. This city should consider placing a bid to host the Olympics. This is persuasive writing because the author has a belief—that “this city should consider placing a bid to host the Olympics”—and is trying to convince others to romeo and juliet tragic flaws essay, agree. According to legend, the Olympics were founded by Hercules. Now almost 100 countries participate in the Games, with over two million people attending.
So cities from scene Boston to Hamburg begin considering their bid to be a host city more than 10 years in advance. All of tragic essay, these statements are facts. Therefore it’s expository. International Competition 2012? To be persuasive writing, you must have an opinion that you’re trying to romeo tragic flaws essay, persuade people of—then, of course, you will support that opinion with evidence. Narrative writing's main purpose is to tell a story. The author will create different characters and trifles by susan glaspell essay, tell you what happens to them (sometimes the author writes from the romeo and juliet tragic, point of view of one of the characters—this is club scene known as first person narration). Novels, short stories, novellas, poetry, and biographies can all fall in romeo flaws the narrative writing style. Simply, narrative writing answers the question: “What happened then?”.
A person tells a story or event. Has characters and dialogue. The Holocaust Essay? Has definite and logical beginnings, intervals, and endings. Often has situations like actions, motivational events, and disputes or conflicts with their eventual solutions. Examples of When You Would Use Persuasive Writing: “I don’t think that’s a good idea,” said Jaelyn. “You never used to be such a girl!” retorted Orin, pushing open the door.
Reluctantly, Jaelyn followed. This is a narrative because it’s telling a story. Romeo And Juliet Flaws? There are different characters conversing, and a plot is unravelling. Cutting Edge Haunted House holds the Guinness World Record for the largest haunted house on earth. It’s located in a district in be remembered Fort Worth, Texas known as Hell's Half Acre in a century-old abandoned meat-packing plant. The haunted house takes an flaws hour to complete, winding through horrific scenes incorporating the factory's original meat-packing equipment. While this would serve as a worthy setting for a story, it would need a plot before it could be called a narrative. These are the four different types of writing that are generally used.
There are many sub-types of writing that may fall in any of those categories. A writer must know all these styles in order to identify the purpose of his or her own writing and make sure it's something the audience wants to read. Which type of writing style do you prefer to use? by Virginia Kearney 1. 10 Persuasive Writing Prompts for glaspell analysis 3rd Graders. by Brian Rock 3. by Marisa Wright 29. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40.
How to Write an Argument Essay Step by romeo and juliet tragic essay Step. by Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Did you mistake persuasive for narrative in your examples of narrative? i like this because it can help any body. I relly like tis cuse it is relly helpful to my work. its really a good thing to read about. Truly helpful to any writer. Great post. This was very helpful.
I really am glad that this will help me with my reaport. Shahid Vistro 12 days ago. This is quite informative which provided a lot of knowledge to me. thanks for trifles glaspell analysis the help dude it help me in summit. very learningful thank you.
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There are only the important stuff well presented,helpful too. Thanks for contemporary the help, I really needed it for my English Homework. Free education for everyone 3 weeks ago. Great lesson of how to know four styles of writing. Very helpful thanks. I always got confused between those three. You have a word mistake. But other than that very helpful information. SHANZA MALIK 6 weeks ago. very helpful thanks. Anrdril Chan 2 months ago.
fantabulous writing process. thank you. very helpful. I've never really thought about general basic writing styles. What I look for in an article is understandability. Romeo Essay? If an article is too wordy, for competition august 2012 the description at hand, then it becomes a tough read and hard to understand. My thinking on and juliet tragic flaws, that is if you can say it with 10 words then use 10 words and no more.
I call this efficiency of essay 2012, communication. As you can see by and juliet tragic my description I’m taking about technical writing. But the idea can be applied, to a limited degree, to international competition 2012, other styles of writing. What bothers me about and juliet tragic some writers is that they would rather try to contemporary, impress you with big complicated words instead of trying to communicate and idea or concept. Conservative political writer William F Buckley was like this and you always needed a dictionary to decipher his articles. As and example of romeo and juliet, what I’m taking about read the comments by Madhu is this blog. Resume Field? In my opinion he is right in what he said but he could have been less of tragic, a show off and more of a communicator. kodak lightskin 4 months ago. thanks for the help. thanks for helping me.
IT'S good and helpful MR.Syed Hunbbel Meer. Good and helpful reading material. Anthony Alcock 5 months ago. Many people associate the taste of pumpkins with fall. In October, companies from Starbucks to why should the holocaust, McDonalds roll out and juliet tragic flaws essay their pumpkin-flavored lattes and desserts. Write? Here is how to make an romeo tragic easy pumpkin pie using only five ingredients. First, make sure you have all of the ingredients. 'Many people' is an opinion. 'Here is how to' is an my law essay opinion/recommendation. 'First, make sure . ' is condescending and unnecessary. It was very helpful for my project.
I look forward to see your recent posts. Please post soon! Thanks! It was very helpful. This was awesome help thanks. Maria Cecilia 6 months ago from Philippines. Thanks for explaining the difference, Identifying my style, I can't see myself in romeo flaws one 100%, a little bit of descriptive and Narrative..
Very good for international competition study guide. Demian Mulongo Nandi 6 months ago. This an and juliet essay excellent guide.Very useful for academic purposes. Ubeke Joshua 6 months ago. It has given me more ways to by susan analysis essay, hope. Sailor Uranus 6 months ago. this was helpful! thanks. Person in device. 6 months ago. Very useful for school. I used this website for my school work project. :)
Very useful tips and the examples showing the different writing styles is excellent. Thank you. Nadia Haider from Pakistan 8 months ago. this is flaws essay so helpful for my interview .. Olivia short 9 months ago. That is so helpful for why should the holocaust be remembered my project and for and juliet tragic flaws my test too. Thank you for your help!
That is an Exalt job. So helpful for trifles by susan my project! What kind of essay is '' why boys fail in college '' by Herbert e hawkers . And ''a piece of chalk '' by g.k Chesterton. Please reply fast and romeo flaws, accurately. Abdirizak Awliyo 9 months ago. Thank you for your help. This is actually very helpful.
Craig von Gutengewer 10 months ago. Thank you for taking time out of your day to write this and just thank you for helping me by essayists describing the types of writing so in the future I can be a writer. James Lee 10 months ago from Las Vegas, NV. Keen insights into tragic flaws, writing styles and a good read for anyone that writes. It's often a good exercise to my law, examine your overall style or the one you're currently working on. Very helpful, thankyou. Harshdeep Singh 10 months ago. Its really very good..and useful for me.and it can save my 1 marks in English ..thanks. Add Your Commett. tttttttttttrtytryergfdfytreyw4treytrh.
Tomfoolery 12 months ago. Your description for narrative still has the identifiers of the romeo and juliet flaws, category above it. Clean up on glaspell, aisle #4 . Ogbe Isaac 13 months ago. Very useful! A very big thank you to the author. it was sure usefelllllll. I found one mistake and am wondering if you could edit it? It is under the narrative section, where it says, Examples of When You Would Use Persuasive Writing and and juliet tragic essay, I believe you all meant to say, . Narrative Writing. I would like to use this article with my class. Thanks.
Thanks for the great article! Minor edit suggestion: Under the field, heading Narrative, change subheading Examples of When You Would Use Persuasive Writing to romeo and juliet, . Narrative Writing. hameed ullah 13 months ago. Great, very simple.. thnxx for sharing. kanwar azlan 13 months ago.
Nyc and easy words. thanks to give this information in such a easy manner. Thank you for the information you provided, the information was very useful for me. The poll is clear, remove expository but do not remove expository O?. haider ijaz 13 months ago. useful information here. thanks to author.
jeyakanthan 14 months ago. very useful information and my law essay, thanks you. excellent job..really helpful. This is awesome thank you. And Juliet Tragic? I am going to book mark this post and refer back to it as I work on different styles of writing for write essay my blog. Thanks again. I really enjoyed writing my whole life, especially the Expository style :D But I can only write as long as I listen to and juliet essay, some calming music like this, do you guys/girls feel similar? I've no idea why, but this kind of international august, music somehow helps me to relax and romeo and juliet tragic flaws, be creative :D. Thanks for scene your Hub and have a nice day!
Tony Garcia 17 months ago. I thoroughly enjoyed your format. Romeo Tragic Flaws? Your structure allowed for an easy read. elegant appproach but one thing seems strange that where is character writting. Excuse me, sir or madam, but for narrative writing, it says When You Would Use Persuasive Writing. Trifles By Susan Glaspell Analysis Essay? I am curious as to and juliet tragic, why this is so. chris roberts 19 months ago.
very informative love it. Cee-Jay Aurinko 19 months ago from write Cape Town, South Africa. Persuasive, Descriptive, and essay, Narrative Writing. That's me. Before this Syed, I only by susan essay had one word for the type of writing I did - writing. Now I have three! I'm glad I read your post today. Calum Tingham 19 months ago. Great information here, as I develop my writing skill I am now moving from a more narrative style, to a persuasive style. Just the flaws, advice/help I needed on and it, this blog post.
Thank you. www.calumtingham.com. Syed Hunbbel Meer 20 months ago from romeo and juliet essay Karachi, Pakistan. 125 comments and essay scene, counting. WOW! I'm glad my article was so helpful to flaws essay, all of you.
Please also share this on trifles analysis essay, your social media profiles to romeo and juliet essay, help me reach more people. And if you have any questions, feel free to reach out :) wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwooooowwwwwwwww this is awesome. really good mmmmmm. Josh Borland 20 months ago. Helped me get an a+. Guy Marccuci 20 months ago. Brian Lima 20 months ago.
Thanks alot! Love this! Amit Gomango 21 months ago. Thanks for breakfast essay the hub. It is quite informative. thank u. it's really help me out. For instance, your examples are a bit misleading-your expository writing example has persuasion in it too though more implicit. What looks neutral, 'looks' neutral. There is and juliet tragic flaws essay more to resume field, the story than that. The better thing to do is to understand that these processes overlap most often than not. Writing is multilayered.
You can't rigidly compartmentalize it like this. These are just temporary rubrics that can be used as a n intial guide but as you write, you realize these things keeps overlapping. Writing is a more spntanoeus, and a hetrogenous process. You did a great job with categorizing but there are issues associated with compartmentalizing writing that is a far more complex process. Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. A great and useful post for all kinds of writers. Any kind of writer can take help from this hub. I've some different prospects to discuss. If a writer has multiple writing skills then which one should he choose. Tragic Essay? Also a normal person who is looking to be writer have the choice of taking any style as option. But if he fails to choose the right style then the whole process of being a good writer can go in vain.
I wish you will shed some light on this issue. Overall again thanks a lot for presenting the readers with sucha wonderful hub. Muaddiq Ali 23 months ago. there's a mistake in Narrative writing uses. You just wrote Persuasive instead of Narrative, overall a great work , and write my law essay, very helpfull :) Joyette Fabien 23 months ago from Dominica.
Excellent hub. Well detailed, well laid out and well illustrated! Thanks for sharing! klay thompson 2 years ago. good site very good hub. Gey Rutaquio 2 years ago from Manila. Thank you so much. I've been looking for romeo and juliet flaws something like this to trifles, help me out.
suraj punjabi 2 years ago from jakarta. This is a very useful article, and you wrote it in a way that made it a breeze to read. I found out romeo that I am more of why should the holocaust be remembered essay, a the persuasive type. I write about factual things and add my own views and beliefs on it to some degree. I guess this is my starting point to further go deeper into romeo and juliet, this kind of writing. Thank you. good work done.really helped me a lot especially in ma exams.good work Hub.
I really like it. It's perfect! Information is very useful! Thank you so much! Daphne D. Lewis 2 years ago from Saint Albans, West Virginia. Great examples and information on different styles of writing. This will be a good reference for international competition 2012 future writing. sandeep eshanya 2 years ago. Malcolm Massiah 2 years ago from Bristol, England.
A good informative piece clearly stated and easy to understand examples. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of and juliet tragic flaws essay, HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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