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University Of New England Phd Thesis

AP and Other Stories Summary and Analysis of A P, Part 1. This story is narrated by Sammy, a young cashier at the supermarket A P. University England! One day, three girls in bathing suits stop in to buy some snacks. Sammy is immediately struck by a “chunky” (596) girl with a “sweet broad soft-looking can.” He is werr thesis, so attracted to her that he accidentally rings up a box of crackers twice, provoking the ire of the middle-aged customer who was trying to buy them. By the time Sammy calms down the irate customer, the girls are making their way towards an aisle close to his checkout slot. He notices that the girls are barefoot. None of them are particularly beautiful; he characterizes the university of new england first as chunky and detailed biography “pale” and the second as “the kind of girl that other girls think is very ‘striking’ and university of new england ‘attractive’ but never quite makes it.” However, he quickly identifies the third as their leader, noticing that she walks slightly ahead of her friends and almost seems to be showing them how to of the shrew on katherine, command attention.

He infers that it was her idea to come to A P in the first place. He calls her the queen or, later, Queenie. Sammy notices that the straps of the university of new thesis queen’s bathing suit have slipped off her shoulders, so there is no clothing between the top of the bathing suit and the top of her head. He is in awe of her beauty, and marvels that only an taming of the on katherine, extraordinarily pretty girl could get away with walking into a grocery store with her straps down. University Of New! He continues to stare at program, her physical features, including her long neck and her oaky hair. The other people in the store are shocked by england the girls’ skimpy attire, as well as the fact that they are walking “against the usual traffic” (597) down the aisles. Andreas! Sammy criticizes these “sheep” for looking askance at of new, the girls but also being attracted to them.

He speculates that “you could set off dynamite” (598) in an A P and the shoppers would still go about their business as usual. Nevertheless, they do seem a bit “jiggled,” with some women even turning around to look at program, the girls again, as if they cannot believe their eyes. Only ten years before John Updike published “A P,” his New Yorker colleague J.D. Salinger rocked the literary establishment with his first novel, The Catcher in of new, the Rye . Thesis Tungkol Sa K-12! There are striking similarities between Holden Caulfield, the main character of england Salinger’s novel, and Updike’s narrator Sammy. Word! Both hold a deep-seated contempt for authority and hypocrisy. But while Salinger’s hero is so self-absorbed that we never get an objective perspective on university of new england, his world, Sammy is sharply perceptive, offering insights about human nature and society at large. Resume For Dot Net! The main action of “A P” unfolds not in the grocery store but in Sammy’s mind. It is not a chronicle of his ordinary day at work, but rather of his rejection of bourgeois conformity. University! Some critics trace Sammy’s heritage not to Holden Caulfield but to Ralph Waldo Emerson, who advocated for non-conformity and moral self-reliance (Porter 1155).

In the early pages of “A P,” Sammy establishes his contempt for conformity and consumerism, insinuating that the people who shop at A P are “sheep” (597) who can never be roused out of their daily routines. Net! This critique is cemented by his detailed description of the university store. Sammy locates himself “between the checkouts and the Special bins” (596) and describes the girls going up “the cat-and-dog-food-breakfast-cereal-macaroni-rice-raisins-seasonings-spreads-spaghetti-soft-drinks-crackers-and-cookies aisle” (597). Biography! This careful delineation of the story’s space suggests an underlying concern for realism despite Sammy’s lighthearted rhetorical style, which often relies on caricature. Sammy’s list of grocery items in the aisle is humorous, but it also indicates a deep sense of unease with the rampant consumerism in university of new england, American culture.

None of the foods Sammy lists are nutritious. They are all snack foods or condiments—or in the case of the pet foods, not for human consumption at all. Rather than a necessity for survival, Updike portrays grocery shopping as a lavish exercise in self-indulgence. By buying so many unnecessary items, he suggests that people abstract themselves from their physical existence as human beings. Sammy’s sexual desire for the girls initially seems to of the essay on katherine, be an antidote to this deadening consumerism. If the other shoppers have, in conforming, sacrificed their humanity, then the university girls’ rebellion against social norms seems to be a refreshing dose of human vitality. This interpretation is reinforced by their nakedness; by net forgoing regular clothing and the conformity that comes with it, they embrace their fundamental human nature, and the beauty of this spectacle is stunning to all who witness it. However, there is an alternate interpretation of the girls’ nudity.

They are consumers just as much as the older shoppers are, and like those shoppers, they embrace unhealthy foods, looking at cookies before finally deciding to buy the herring snacks. They are conformists in their own way, with the queen leading the other two girls who timidly “peek around [the queen’s body] and [hunch] over of new, a little” (597). Although he knows nothing of net their personalities and of new england concedes that two of the girls are unattractive, Sammy still lusts after them. His sexual desire, then, is just as greedy and overindulgent as the shoppers’ desire for snack foods. Over the course of his career, Updike has sometimes been accused of misogyny (Shapiro, Roiphe). Based on his descriptions of the women in of the shrew essay on katherine, the story, Sammy certainly seems to have a misogynist worldview. Of New England Thesis! He insinuates that the young girls are catty exhibitionists, but the brunt of his contempt is reserved for older women. These middle-aged housewives, he suggests, are the engines of biography American consumerism, and thesis he consistently belittles them, describing them as “houseslaves in for dot net, pin curlers” (598).

His account of the middle-aged woman at the beginning of university england thesis “A P” is dehumanizing; he calls her a witch and compares her to a bird, calming her down by tungkol program “[getting] her feathers smoothed and her goodies into a bag” (596). Although the character’s outlook should not necessarily be extended to of new england thesis, Updike himself, there are certainly grounds to criticize his treatment of women. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/a-and-p-and-other-stories/study-guide/summary-a-and-p-part-1 in MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About AP and Other Stories AP and andreas werr Other Stories Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Ace in the Hole A P, Part 1 A P, Part 2 A P, Part 3 Pigeon Feathers Separating Short Easter Consumerism and university of new england thesis the Cold War Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Mini-Store John Updike Biography. AP and Other Stories Questions and Answers. The Question and motivation 2000 word essay Answer section for of new thesis AP and Other Stories is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Sammy is a nineteen-year-old cashier at the A P, a large supermarket chain.

He narrates a day at the store, complaining about customers who are mean or behave like sheep. He is critical of the criteria papers using research commercialism of modern culture. Three. Sammy thinks he experiences an epiphany for the rights of these girls but his decision to quit his job is really driven by teen angst and sexual attraction. Check out this GradeSaver link below: Study Guide for AP and Other Stories.

AP and Other Stories study guide contains a biography of John Updike, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. AP and Other Stories essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by of new england students and provide critical analysis of AP and other short stories by John Updike.

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University Of New England Phd Thesis

Shari'a and Violence in American Mosques. by Mordechai Kedar and David Yerushalmi. Middle East Quarterly. How great is the danger of england thesis, extremist violence in the name of Islam in the United States? Recent congressional hearings into this question by Rep.

Peter King (Republican of New York), chairman of the Committee on 2000 essay Homeland Security, have generated a firestorm of controversy among his colleagues, the press, and of new the general public. Though similar hearings have taken place at least fourteen times since 2001,[1] King was labeled a latter-day Joe McCarthy and the hearings called an assault on word essay civil liberties and a contemporary witch-hunt. Of New? Yet the larger dilemmas outlined by both the congressman and some of his witnesses remain: To what extent are American Muslims, native-born as well as naturalized, being radicalized by Islamists? And what steps can those who are sworn to the protection of American citizenry take that will uncover and disrupt the plots of those willing to take up arms against others for detailed biography the sake of jihad? Root Causes and Enabling Mechanisms. A comprehensive study of the relationship between Shari'a adherence and incitement to violence in university thesis American mosques found that mosques that segregated men from women during prayer service were more likely to contain violence-positive materials than those where men and women were not segregated. One study by Quintan Wiktorowicz, assistant professor of international studies at Rhodes College and now on for dot the staff of the National Security Council,[3] noted that modern jihadists legitimize their violent activities by relying on university england the same textual works as their nonviolent Salafist counterparts. However, the werr, approach taken to university of new thesis, these texts by net, the violent jihadist may be distinguished from england thesis, that of the nonviolent Salafist insofar as the jihadist uses the principles advanced by both classical and modern Islamic scholars and motivation essay ideologues and adapts them to modern situations in university england a way that provides a broader sanction for the permissible use of violence.[4]

Further, in 2007, Paul Gill concluded that terrorist organizations seek societal support by creating a culture of martyrdom and that one theme common to tungkol sa k-12 program, suicide bombers was the support they received from a community that esteemed the concept of martyrdom. Thus, a complex dynamic is at work between a terrorist organization, society, and of new england individuals with the interplay between these three dimensions enabling radicalization and tungkol program terrorist attacks.[5] Another item that may help to understand the growth of modern jihadism appears in Marc Sageman's 2004 study, which found that 97 percent of jihadists studied had become increasingly devoted to forms of Salafist Islam highly adherent to Shari'a (Islamic law) while on their path to radicalization, despite many coming from less rigorous devotional levels during their youths. This increase in devotion to Salafist Islam was measured by outwardly observable behaviors such as wearing traditional Arabic, Pakistani, or Afghan clothing or growing a beard.[6] When viewed together, a picture emerges that may give researchers, as well as law enforcement officials, a way to monitor or potentially to england, predict where violent jihad may take root. Potential recruits who are swept up in this movement may find their inspiration and thesis tungkol encouragement in a place with ready access to classic and modern literature that is positive toward jihad and violence, where highly Shari'a-adherent behavior is practiced, and where a society exists that in some form promotes a culture of martyrdom or at least engages in activities that are supportive of violent jihad. The mosque can be such a place. That the mosque is a societal apparatus that might serve as a support mechanism for violent jihad may seem self-evident, but for it to be a useful means for measuring radicalization requires empirical evidence. A 2007 study by the New York city police department noted that, in university the context of the mosque, high levels of Shari'a adherence, termed Salafi ideology by the authors of the report, may relate to support for violent jihad. Specifically, it found that highly Shari'a-adherent mosques have played a prominent role in radicalization.[7] Another study found a relationship between frequency of mosque attendance and a predilection for supporting suicide attacks but discovered no empirical evidence linking support for resume for dot suicide bombings to some measure of religious devotion (defined and measured by frequency of prayer).[8]

However, the study suffers from university of new, a major methodological flaw, namely, reliance on self- reporting of prayer frequency. Muslims would be under social and psychological pressure to report greater prayer frequency because their status as good or pious believers is linked to thesis, whether they fulfill the religious obligation to pray five times a day.[9] This piety is not dependent on regular mosque attendance as Muslims are permitted to pray outside of a mosque environment whenever necessary.[10] Hence, the pressure to of new, over-report exists for self-reporting of prayer frequency but is not present in self-reporting of frequency of mosque attendance, which is a measure of both coalitional or group commitment and criteria papers qualitative research religious devotion. Thus, there is a need for the study and corroboration of a relationship between high levels of Shari'a adherence as a form of religious devotion and coalitional commitment, Islamic literature that shows violence in a positive light, and university england institutional support for resume for dot net violent jihad. By way of of new england, filling this lacuna, the criteria for evaluating, authors of this article undertook a survey specifically designed to determine empirically whether a correlation exists between observable measures of religious devotion linked to university england thesis, Shari'a adherence in American mosques and the presence of violence-positive materials at those mosques. The survey also sought to ascertain whether a correlation exists between the andreas werr, presence of violence-positive materials at a mosque and the promotion of jihadism by the mosque's leadership through recommending the study of these materials or other manifest behaviors.

Identifying Shari'a-Adherent Behaviors. Shari'a is the Islamic system of law based primarily on two sources held by Muslims to of new thesis, be respectively direct revelation from God and motivation word divinely inspired: the england thesis, Qur'an and the Sunna (sayings, actions, and traditions of Muhammad). There are other jurisprudential sources for Shari'a derived from the of the shrew, legal rulings of Islamic scholars. These scholars, in turn, may be adherents of differing schools of Islamic jurisprudence. Notwithstanding those differences, the divergence at the level of of new thesis, actual law is, given the fullness of the corpus juris, confined to resume for dot, relatively few marginal issues.

Thus, there is general unity and agreement across the Sunni-Shiite divide and university of new thesis across the various Sunni madh'habs (jurisprudential schools) on core normative behaviors.[11] Surveyors were asked to observe and of the essay record selected behaviors deemed to be Shari'a-adherent. These behaviors were selected precisely because they constitute observable and of new england measurable practices of an orthodox form of Islam as opposed to internalized, non-observable articles of faith. Such visible modes of conduct are considered by traditionalists to biography, have been either exhibited or commanded by Muhammad as recorded in the Sunna and later discussed and preserved in canonical Shari'a literature. Of New? The selected behaviors are among the most broadly accepted by legal practitioners of Islam and are not those practiced only by a rigid subgroup within Islam—Salafists, for andreas thesis example.

Among the of new, behaviors observed at the mosques and papers qualitative research scored as Shari'a-adherent were: (a) women wearing the hijab (head covering) or niqab (full-length shift covering the university of new england, entire female form except for the eyes); (b) gender segregation during mosque prayers; and detailed (c) enforcement of straight prayer lines. Behaviors that were not scored as Shari'a-adherent included: (a) women wearing just a modern hijab , a scarf-like covering that does not cover all of the hair, or no covering; (b) men and women praying together in the same room; and (c) no enforcement by the imam, lay leader, or worshipers of thesis, straight prayer lines. The normative importance of a woman's hair covering is evidenced by essay, two central texts, discussed at length below, Reliance of the Traveller and Fiqh as-Sunna (Law of the university of new thesis, Sunna), both of detailed, which express agreement on the obligation of a woman to wear the hijab : There is no such dispute over what constitutes a woman's aurah [private parts/nakedness]. It is university of new england, stated that her entire body is detailed biography, aurah and must be covered, except her hands and university thesis face … God does not accept the prayer of an adult woman unless she is wearing a head covering ( khimar , hijab ).[12] The nakedness of 2000 word essay, a woman (even if a young girl) consists of the university england thesis, whole body except the face and hands. The nakedness of a woman is that which invalidates the prayer if exposed. Criteria Using? … It is recommended for a woman to wear a covering over of new thesis her head ( khimar ), a full length shift, and 2000 word essay a heavy slip under it that does not cling to the body.[13] In a similar fashion, Shari'a requires that the england thesis, genders be separated during prayers. While both Reliance of the Traveller and criteria for evaluating papers using methods Fiqh as-Sunna express a preference that women should pray at home rather than the university england, mosque,[14] they agree that if women do pray in the mosque, they should pray in lines separate from the men.[15] Additionally, authoritative Shari'a literature agrees that the men's prayer lines should be straight, that men should be close together within those lines, and that the motivation 2000, imam should enforce prayer line alignment.[16] The mosques surveyed contained a variety of texts, ranging from england, contemporary printed pamphlets and 2000 word handouts to classic texts of the university of new england, Islamic canon.

From the perspective of promoting violent jihad, the tungkol program, literature types were ranked in the survey from severe to moderate to thesis, nonexistent. Andreas? The texts selected were all written to serve as normative and thesis instructive tracts and are not scriptural. This is important because a believer is free to understand scripture literally, figuratively, or merely poetically when it does not have a normative or legal gloss provided by Islamic jurisprudence. The moderate-rated literature was authored by respected Shari'a religious and/or legal authorities; while expressing positive attitudes toward violence, it was predominantly concerned with the more mundane aspects of religious worship and ritual. The severe material, by contrast, largely consists of biography, relatively recent texts written by ideologues, rather than Shari'a scholars, such as Abul Ala Mawdudi and Sayyid Qutb. These, as well as materials published and disseminated by the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood, are primarily, if not exclusively, aimed at using Islam to advance a violent political agenda. Mawdudi (1903-79), for one, believed that it was legitimate to wage violent jihad against infidel colonizers in order to gain independence and england thesis spread Islam. His Jihad in Islam , found in thesis many of the mosques surveyed, instructed followers to employ force in pursuit of a Shari'a-based order:

These [Muslim] men who propagate religion are not mere preachers or missionaries, but the functionaries of God [so that they may be witnesses for of new the people], and for evaluating using qualitative methods it is their duty to wipe out oppression, mischief, strife, immorality, high handedness, and unlawful exploitation from the of new thesis, world by force of arms.[17] Similarly, Qutb's Milestones serves as the political and ideological backbone of the current global jihad movement. Qutb, for motivation word example, sanctions violence against england thesis those who stand in the way of criteria for evaluating, Islam's expansion: If someone does this [prevents others from accepting Islam], then it is the duty of Islam to fight him until either he is killed or until he declares his submission.[18] These materials differ from other severe- and moderate-rated materials because they are not Islamic legal texts per se but rather are polemical works seeking to of new, advance a politicized Islam through violence, if necessary. Nor are these authors recognized Shari'a scholars. The same cannot be said for some classical works that are also supportive of violence in the name of Islam. Works by several respected jurists and tungkol program scholars from the four major Sunni schools of jurisprudence, dating from the eighth to fourteenth centuries, are all in england thesis agreement that violent jihad against non-Muslims is a religious obligation.[19] Such behavior is normative, legally-sanctioned violence not confined to modern writers with a political axe to grind.

Nor does its presence in classical Muslim works make it a relic of taming of the, some medieval past. While Umdat as-Salik (Reliance of the Traveler) may have been compiled in the fourteenth century, al-Azhar University, perhaps the preeminent center of Sunni learning in the world, stated in its 1991 certification of the English translation that the book conforms to the practice and england faith of the orthodox Sunni community.[20] While addressing a host of theological matters and resume for dot detailed instructions as to university of new thesis, how Muslims should order their daily routine to demonstrate piety and commitment to Islam, this certified, authoritative text spends eleven pages expounding on werr the applicability of jihad as violence directed against non-Muslims, stating for example: The caliph … makes war upon Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians … provided he has first invited them to enter Islam in university thesis faith and andreas thesis practice, and if they will not, then invited them to enter the social order of Islam by paying the non-Muslim poll tax.[21] The caliph fights all other peoples until they become Muslim … because they are not a people with a book, nor honored as such, and are not permitted to settle with paying the university england, poll tax.[22] The Fiqh as-Sunna and taming Tafsir Ibn Kathir are examples of works that were rated moderate for purposes of this survey. The former, which focuses primarily on the internal Muslim community, the family, and the individual believer and not on violent jihad, was especially moderate in its endorsement of violence. Relatively speaking, the Fiqh as-Sunna expresses a more restrained view of violent jihad, in that it does not explicitly call for university thesis a holy war against detailed the West even though it understands the Western influence on of new Islamic governments as a force that is destructive to qualitative research, Islam itself.[23] Nonetheless, such texts do express positive views toward the use of violence against the other, as expressed in the following: Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, The ties of Islam and the principles of the religion are three, and whoever leaves one of england thesis, them becomes an resume for dot, unbeliever, and his blood becomes lawful: testifying that there is no god except God, the obligatory prayers, and the fast of Ramadan. University Of New England? … Another narration states, If anyone leaves one of thesis tungkol, [the three principles], by God he becomes an unbeliever, and thesis no voluntary deeds or recompense will be accepted from him, and his blood and detailed biography wealth become lawful. This is a clear indication that such a person is to be killed.[24] Similarly in Tafsir Ibn Kathir : Perform jihad against the disbelievers with the sword, and be harsh with the hypocrites with words, and this is the of new, jihad performed against them.[25]

The survey's findings, explored in depth below, were that 51 percent of mosques had texts that either advocated the use of violence in the pursuit of a Shari'a-based political order or advocated violent jihad as a duty that should be of paramount importance to a Muslim; 30 percent had only texts that were moderately supportive of violence like the Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Fiqh as-Sunna ; 19 percent had no violent texts at all. A representative sample of one hundred mosques throughout the United States was surveyed. Table 1 presents the distribution of mosques by state. One quarter of the mosques had 10 or fewer worshipers; 50 percent had up to 28 worshipers; 75 percent had up to 70; the largest mosque had an estimated 1,700 worshipers. Table 1: Number of Mosques Surveyed by State. The study found a statistically significant association between the criteria papers using qualitative methods, severity of violence-positive texts on mosque premises and Shari'a-adherent behaviors. As indicated in Table 2, mosques that segregated men from women during prayer service were more likely to contain violence-positive materials than those mosques where men and women were not segregated. Mosques that did not segregate genders were also less likely to possess violence-positive materials (26 percent) but nonetheless did carry both moderate (27 percent) and severe materials (47 percent). Table 2: Shari'a-adherent Mosques and Violence-positive Materials. Segregation in prayer.

Imam or lay leader has Sunna beard. [ii] Has Riyadh as-Salaheen (n=7) or more extreme fiqh material. [iii] In 1 mosque there was no prayer and surveyor could not determine the usual practice. [iv] 4 mosques did not have a leader. [v] 3 with no beard included in this category. [vi] 3 had traditional beards with henna; and all were in university thesis the severe group. They were combined with this group for ease of reporting.

[vii] In 1 case it was not determined. As was the case with gender segregation, those mosques that displayed strict alignment of men's prayer lines were more likely than their less observant counterparts to contain materials from both the resume for dot, moderate and severe categories. Thus, 59 percent of such mosques contained severe texts as opposed to 42 percent of mosques that did not enforce strict prayer line alignment. Conversely, only 4 percent of of new, mosques with strict prayer line alignment possessed no violence-positive texts while 36 percent of for dot, their less observant counterparts exhibited no such literature. Whether the university england, mosque's imam or lay leader wore a traditional beard was also predictive of whether the mosque would contain violence-positive materials on premises. Of the thesis, mosques led by university, traditionally bearded imams, 61 percent contained literature in the severe category, 33 percent contained only moderate-rated materials, and 7 percent did not contain any. Forty-six percent of the of the shrew, mosques in which the imam did not wear a traditional beard contained severe materials, 28 percent had moderate-rated texts, and 26 percent contained none on site. University England Thesis? Other aspects of an imam's or lay leader's appearance, such as wearing a head covering or traditional garb like a thoub (full-length, white gown with long sleeves) were not statistically significant. Table 3 reveals another statistically significant finding associated with mosque attendance. Mosques that contained written materials in the severe category were the best attended, followed by those with only moderate-rated materials, trailed in tungkol sa k-12 program turn by those lacking such texts.

Mosques with severe materials had a mean attendance of university of new england thesis, 118 worshipers while mosques containing only moderate materials had a mean attendance of 60 worshipers; mosques that contained no violence-positive literature had a mean attendance of 15 worshipers. Table 3: Violence-positive Materials, Mosque Attendance, and Shari'a-based Worshiper Characteristics. [ii] Has Riyadh as-Salaheen (n=7) or more extreme fiqh material. [iii] In 2 mosques only the for evaluating papers using research methods, imam was present. [iv] Data in university thesis parentheses that follow percentage figures denote the standard deviation. [v] Women were present in 65 mosques. [vi] Boys were present in 63 mosques. The adoption or rejection of Western dress by net, male worshipers was yet another telling indicator of the presence of violence-positive materials.

In mosques that contained no violence-positive materials, an average of 73 percent of the men wore Western garb. In those mosques in university thesis which only moderate literature was available, 35 percent of taming essay, male worshipers wore Western clothing; almost the same figure (34 percent) was exhibited in mosques featuring Qutb, et al. The survey was unable to find a statistically significant indicator when it came to university, women wearing a modern hijab as opposed to the more conservative traditional hijab , which covers all of the tungkol program, hair, or the university of new, niqab , which covers the whole body other than the eyes. This category recorded the distinction between an adult female worshiper wearing the less conservative modern hijab and the traditional Shari'a-adherent hijab and niqab . Perhaps more troubling than the correlation between jihadist literature and Shari'a-adherent behaviors within a mosque was the role played by imams in recommending that worshipers study material that promote violence. Biography? The more manifestly Shari'a-adherent a mosque, the more likely its imam was to of new england, recommend the study of violence-positive texts. Thus, as seen in Table 4, 96 percent of the resume net, imams in mosques that observed strict prayer line alignment recommended such reading material. Similarly, 93 percent of the university england thesis, imams who sported a traditional, full beard endorsed the detailed, study of such writings.

But while the presence of certain Shari'a-adherent behaviors correlated almost one-to-one with the university england, promotion of the violence-positive texts, the absence of these attributes should not be construed as a sign of true moderation. Thesis? In mosques that did not practice strict prayer line alignment, a striking 72 percent of imams nonetheless recommended violence-positive materials. Similarly, 78 percent of imams who did not wear a traditional beard were proponents of these texts. Table 4: Shari'a-based Mosque Prayer, Shari'a-based Imam Characteristics, and Imam Recommended Violence-positive Material. Segregation in prayer. Beard of imam or lay leader. [ii] In 4 mosques, neither an imam nor a lay leader was present. However, in 1 of these 4 cases the imam had made clear recommendations on university england thesis the mosque's webpage. [iii] In 1 case it was not determined. Moreover, mosques where the of the essay, imam recommended violence-positive materials for study were marked by a higher presence of worshipers—both men and women—who took on a Shari'a-adherent appearance and a lower percentage of thesis, worshipers of a more assimilative or Western appearance (see Table 5).

As such, these mosques were much better attended than those where such materials were not promoted. Imams at 82 of the 100 mosques surveyed recommended that worshipers study violence-positive materials; these mosques experienced a mean attendance of 96 worshipers and a median attendance of 39. At the same time, at thesis tungkol sa k-12 program the 15 mosques surveyed where the imam did not recommend the study of such texts, the mean attendance was approximately 17 worshipers with a median attendance figure of university, 4. Table 5: Mosque Attendance, Shari'a-based Worshiper Characteristics, and Imam Recommended Violence-positive Material. [ii] Data in parentheses that follow percentage figures denote the standard deviation. [iii] Women were present in 65 mosques. Criteria For Evaluating Papers Research Methods? Data collected on percent women with niqab (rare), hijab, and modern hijab. The survey found a strong correlation between the presence of severe violence-promoting literature and mosques featuring written, audio, and video materials that actually promoted such acts. By promotion of jihad, the study included literature encouraging worshipers to england, engage in detailed terrorist activity, to provide financial support to jihadists, and to promote the establishment of a caliphate in the United States. These materials also explicitly praised acts of university england, terror against the West; praised symbols or role models of violent jihad; promoted the use of force, terror, war, and violence to implement the Shari'a; emphasized the inferiority of non-Muslim life; promoted hatred and intolerance toward non-Muslims or notional Muslims; and endorsed inflammatory materials with anti-U.S. views.

As Table 6 demonstrates, of the 51 mosques that contained severe materials, 100 percent were led by imams who recommended that worshipers study texts that promote violence. Table 6: Violence-positive Materials and Promotion of Violent Jihad. [ii] Has Riyadh as-Salaheen (n=7) or more extreme fiqh material. [iii] Denominator is sa k-12 program, 17, 2 in this column had no imam or leader. For example, mosques containing violence-positive materials were substantially more likely to include materials promoting financial support of terror than mosques that did not contain such texts. A disturbing 98 percent of mosques with severe texts included materials promoting financial support of terror. Those with only moderate-rated materials on site were not markedly different, with 97 percent providing such materials. These results stand in stark contrast to the mosques with no violence-positive materials on their premises where only 5 percent provided materials urging financial support of terror. These results were comparable when using other indicators of jihad promotion. Thus, 98 percent of mosques that contained severe-rated literature included materials promoting establishing an Islamic caliphate in the United States as did 97 percent of mosques containing only moderate-rated materials.

By contrast, only one out university of new thesis, of the 19 mosques (5 percent) that had no violence-positive literature advocated this. Biography? Similarly, mosques with severe or moderate materials invited speakers known to have promoted violent jihad (76 percent and 60 percent respectively) versus one mosque out of thesis, 19 (5 percent) which did not contain violence-positive texts. Finally, three patterns of behavior indicating promotion of violent jihad did not strongly correlate to thesis, the presence of violence-positive literature. England Thesis? Despite the presence of severe texts in such mosques, only a small number actually encouraged joining a terrorist organization, openly collected monies for taming such organizations, or distributed memorabilia featuring jihadists or terrorist organizations. Although very few mosques engaged openly in these activities, a correlation between these activities and the presence and england thesis severity of criteria papers using qualitative research methods, violence-positive literature was shown to university england thesis, exist. The conclusions to be drawn from this survey are dismal at best, offering empirical support for previous anecdotal studies on the connection between highly Shari'a-adherent mosques and political violence in the name of Islam.

The mosques where there were greater indicators of Shari'a adherence were more likely to contain materials that conveyed a positive attitude toward employing violent jihad against criteria research the West and non-Muslims. The fact that spiritual sanctioners who help individuals become progressively more radicalized are connected to highly Shari'a-adherent mosques is university england, another cause for deep concern.[26] In almost every instance, the thesis tungkol program, imams at the mosques where violence-positive materials were available recommended that worshipers study texts that promoted violence. The survey also demonstrates that there are mosques and mosque-going Muslims who are interested in a non-Shari'a-centric Islam where tolerance of the other, at least as evidenced by the absence of of new thesis, jihad-promoting literature, is the norm. Mosques where violence-positive literature was not present exhibited significantly fewer indicators of orthodox, Shari'a-adherent behaviors and were also significantly less likely to promote violent jihad or invite speakers supportive of violent jihad. These non-Shari'a-centric mosques may provide a foundation from which a reformed Islam and its followers can more completely integrate into liberal, Western citizenship. The results of this survey do not indicate the percentage of American Muslims that actually attend mosques with any regularity, nor does it reveal what relative percentage of American Muslims demonstrate Shari'a-adherent or non-adherent behaviors. Moreover, although this study shows that imams at Shari'a-adherent mosques recommend studying violence-positive materials and utilize their mosques for andreas thesis support of university thesis, violent jihad, it does not capture the motivation word, individual attendees' attitudes toward religiously sanctioned violence. However, it is at university of new england least reasonable to conclude that worshipers at such mosques are more sympathetic to motivation 2000 word essay, the message of the literature present at university those mosques and to what is being preached there. A follow-up survey of thesis sa k-12, individual mosque attendees would provide insight regarding the relationship, if any, between Shari'a-adherence on the individual level and the individual's attitude toward violent jihad. A recent study by Andrew F. March examined whether Islamic doctrine would allow Muslims to cooperate socially with non-Muslims and sincerely affirm liberal citizenship as that term is understood in its Western, democratic sense. He argued that there were grounds for an overlapping consensus but also noted that present-day Salafists cite texts holding that Muslims are either at war with non-Muslims or, at university england best, are in a state devoid of werr, any obligation to cooperate socially with them.[27] Additionally, March noted that the underpinnings of his theoretical consensus might be negated by empirical evidence showing that a large percentage of Muslims are unaware of [or reject] arguments that advocate for Western notions of liberal citizenship.[28]

Although released before March's study, an university of new thesis, April 2007 survey conducted by WorldPublicOpinion.org presented such empirical evidence. The survey found that majorities in Morocco, Egypt, Pakistan, and Indonesia—ostensibly moderate Muslim countries—favored a strict application of Shari'a law in every Islamic country and tungkol program keeping Western values out of Islamic counties.[29] However, that survey reports the attitudes of residents in non-Western countries that enforce Shari'a to varying degrees. It might be expected that Muslims in the West—who are immersed in Western culture, values, and democracy—would express different attitudes than their counterparts in university of new england the Middle East, Far East, and North Africa. Unfortunately, the results of the current survey strongly suggest that Islam—as it is generally practiced in mosques across the United States—continues to manifest a resistance to the kind of tolerant religious and motivation 2000 essay legal framework that would allow its followers to make a sincere affirmation of liberal citizenship. This survey provides empirical support for university of new thesis the view that mosques across America, as institutional and andreas thesis social settings for mosque-going Muslims, are at least resistant to social cooperation with non-Muslims.

Indeed, the overwhelming majority of mosques surveyed promoted literature supportive of violent jihad and university thesis a significant number invited speakers known to have promoted violent jihad and biography other behaviors that are inconsistent with a reasonable construct of liberal citizenship. This survey suggests that, first and university england thesis foremost, Muslim community leaders must take a more active role in educating their own faith community about the dangers associated with providing a safe haven for violent literature and taming of the essay its promotion—whether that safe haven is the thesis, mosque or the of the shrew, social club. University England? These results also suggest that researchers and counterterrorist specialists should pay closer attention to the use and exploitation of classic Islamic legal doctrine and jurisprudence for recruiting and generating a commitment to violence against biography the perceived enemies of Islam. Finally, these findings should engender at least an interest among researchers to begin to study carefully Muslim attitudes toward citizenship and violence but one that differentiates between those who are Shari'a-adherent and those who are not. Thesis? And, among Shari'a adherents, this future survey data must be sensitive to the distinction between traditionalism, orthodoxy, and Salafism, along with the more obvious sect distinctions, such as between Sunnis and biography Shiites. Non-Shari'a-adherent communal prayer occurs when men and women are not segregated during the prayer service and the genders mix. Non-Shari'a-adherent alignment of men's prayer lines occurs when there is no observable attention paid to university thesis, strict alignment of the men's prayer lines. A non-Sunna style beard is detailed, either limited to a chin-beard or if the imam or lay leader wears no beard at all. Non-Shari'a adherent behavior is university of new england thesis, that the imam or lay leader did not wear a religious head covering.

Non-Shari'a-adherent garb is Western-style clothing such as modern-style dress or casual pants and shirt. Wearing the watch on the left wrist or not wearing a watch at all. Non-Shari'a-adherent behavior is for an adult male worshiper to thesis tungkol program, have no beard. Non-Shari'a-adherent behavior is for an adult male to not wear a religious hat. Non-Shari'a-adherent behavior is to wear Western-style clothing such as pants not rolled up above the ankles.

Non-Shari'a-adherent behavior is to wear the university of new england thesis, modern hijab (a scarf that does not completely cover the hair) or to motivation, not wear any hair covering. Non-Shari'a-adherent behavior is to england thesis, not wear the hijab. Non-Shari'a-adherent behavior is to not wear a religious head covering. If the 2000, surveyor found the Riyadh as-Salaheen , works by Qutb or Mawdudi, or similar materials, then the mosque was categorized as containing severe-rated materials. If the surveyor found no violence-positive materials or if the violence-positive materials constituted less than 10% of all available materials, then the england, mosque was categorized as containing no materials. If the resume for dot, imam or lay leader recommended studying any of the materials mentioned above except the Qur'an and/or Sunna, then the imam or lay leader was recorded as having recommended the study of texts promoting the rated material. [1] According to Islamic jurisprudence, Shari'a adherence can be measured across several normative axes, such as obligatory-prohibited, recommended-discouraged, and simply permissible.

In theory, every act of a Shari'a-adherent Muslim falls within one of the normative categories—that is, there is no behavior outside of Shari'a. For purposes of this survey, the authors have chosen, except where indicated by notation, the obligatory-prohibited and the recommended-discouraged or recommended-permissible axes, which we have demarcated Shari'a-adherent/non- Shari'a-adherent, respectively. [2] If a mosque, on the basis of thesis, materials observed by the surveyor, was recorded as having: (a) promoted violent jihad; (b) promoted joining a terrorist organization; (c) promoted financial support of terror; (d) collected money openly at the mosque for a known terrorist organization; (e) promoted establishing the Caliphate in the U.S.; (f) praised terror against the West; (g) distributed memorabilia featuring jihadists or terrorist organizations; or (h) invited imams or preachers who are known to have promoted violent jihad, then the materials that the thesis tungkol program, surveyor relied on university of new england to record the presence of this material were subject to a secondary review by a committee of three subject-matter experts. For Evaluating Qualitative Research? This secondary review was collected and reviewed by the experts evaluating the materials independently of one another. A consensus view of two of the three experts was required to confirm the university of new england thesis, surveyor's observation. In 63 percent of the shrew essay on katherine, cases, the materials were so explicit in their promotion, praise, or support for england the above behaviors that the committee's decision was unanimous. In no instance was there not a consensus and agreement with the surveyor's observation. [3] The different legal schools vary on of the whether a beard is obligatory or preferable; they also differ on university whether the biography, beard for purposes of fiqh is only the chin hairs or also the lateral hairs of the sideburns and cheeks; and they differ on the minimum required length before trimming is permitted.

The majority view, taking into account all schools and the Salafist opinions, is thesis, that a full beard is Sunna (following the behavior of Muhammad) and if not obligatory, preferable. Andreas Thesis? For purposes of this survey, the full beard, trimmed or not, was considered Shari'a-adherent and a chin beard or no beard, was considered as non-Sunna, and in the survey's lexicon, non-adherent. [4] While wearing a watch on the right hand is university thesis, not strictly speaking a Shari'a requirement, during the preparation of the thesis program, methodology of of new england thesis, this survey, the authors identified literature at several mosques attended by Salafists advocating the wearing of a watch on taming shrew essay the right hand for two reasons: not to wear jewelry on england thesis the left hand to follow the mode of dress of Muhammad, who, based upon certain Sunna, did not wear jewelry on his left hand; and to avoid dressing in the way of non-Muslims. The authors decided to add this observation to determine whether this behavior translated into werr observance by the more fundamentalist Salafists. They also observed that the university of new england thesis, 12 imams who wore the watch on the right hand were right handed. [5] All of the materials characterized from this point to essay, the end of the university, survey were dated or produced prior to thesis tungkol program, September 11, 2001 but were still available or sold by university of new england, the mosque in prominent fashion. Sampling: The survey analyzed data collected from a random sample of 100 mosques. This sample size provided sufficient statistical power to find a statistically significant association between most of the selected Shari'a-adherent behaviors and violence-positive variables. Most Shari'a adherence and violence-positive variables exhibited a strong correlation while some exhibited a weak or no correlation.

A sample size of 100 mosques also allowed the survey to net, extrapolate to all mosques in the United States at a 95 percent confidence interval with a margin of error of +/-9.6 percent. The survey was developed by university thesis, using state-by-state estimates of the Muslim population extracted from the tungkol sa k-12 program, only extant such survey.[30] This was then used to create a listing of all states whose Muslim population represented at least 1 percent of the estimated total United States Muslim population. Fourteen states and the District of Columbia (15 randomly selected states) were randomly selected from the final listing to accommodate limits on physical logistics and university personnel resources for the actual survey. For each of the andreas werr thesis, fourteen states and D.C., cities with the highest estimated concentrations of Muslims were identified, and mosques within those areas were eventually selected. The survey combined the data on 1,209 mosques listed in The Mosque in America: A National Portrait[31] with the data on the 1,659 mosques obtained online from Harvard's Pluralism Project,[32] with duplicates eliminated. Mosques were excluded from the list if there were indications that they were no longer operating, with a final site list yielding a total of 1,401 potential mosques for the survey. The dates and prayer times for visiting mosques were also randomly selected. If a mosque was found to be closed, abandoned, or not at the address listed, then the next mosque that appeared on the randomized list for university of new england thesis that city was visited.

When the taming of the, dominant language of the subject mosque was determined to be other than English, such as Arabic, Urdu, or Farsi, the surveyor who visited the mosque was fluent in of new england thesis that language. Each mosque was visited twice, once between May 18, 2007, and andreas December 4, 2008 (Survey Period), and then again between May 10, 2009, and May 30, 2010 (Audit Period). The results of the Audit Period confirmed the findings in the Survey Period in all but nine mosques. Data Collection: A surveyor visited a subject mosque in order: (a) to observe and record 12 Shari'a-adherent behaviors of the thesis, worshipers and the imam (or lay leader); (b) to observe whether the mosque contained the selected materials rated as moderate and severe; (c) to criteria for evaluating research, observe whether the mosque contained materials promoting, praising, or supporting violence or violent jihad; and (d) to observe whether the mosque contained materials indicating the mosque had invited guest speakers known to have promoted violent jihad. (See Appendix A for a more detailed presentation of the survey variables and of new england methodology.) Thus, the andreas werr thesis, survey only examined the presence of Shari'a-adherent behaviors, the england thesis, presence of 2000 word essay, violence-positive materials in university mosques, whether an imam would promote the study of violence-positive materials, and whether a mosque was used as a forum to promote violent jihad. Since there is detailed, no central body to university england, which all mosques belong, it was difficult to andreas thesis, ascertain that the sampling universe list was complete. This may have introduced bias into the sampling although the authors find no evidence of england thesis, any systemic distortions. Mordechai Kedar is an assistant professor in the departments of taming of the shrew essay on katherine, Arabic and Middle East studies and a research associate with the Begin-Sadat (BESA) Center for Strategic Studies, both at Bar Ilan University, Israel. Thesis? David Yerushalmi is general counsel for The Center for resume for dot net Security Policy in university england thesis Washington, D.C., and director of 2000 word, policy studies at the Institute for Advanced Strategic and university of new england Political Studies in Potomac, Md. [1] Timeline of the Committee's Work on Violent Islamist Radicalization, Senate Committee on shrew essay on katherine Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Washington, D.C., accessed Mar.

24, 2011. [3] Morning Edition , National Public Radio, Jan. 24, 2011. [4] Quintan Wiktorowicz, A Genealogy of Radical Islam, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism , 28 (2005), pp. 75-97. [5] See Paul Gill, A Multi-Dimensional Approach to Suicide Bombing, International Journal of Conflict and Violence , 2 (2007), pp.

142-59. [6] Marc Sageman, Understanding Terror Networks (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004), p. 93. [7] Mitchell D. Silber and Arvin Bhatt, Radicalization in the West: The Homegrown Threat (New York: New York City Police Department, 2007), pp. 2-90. [8] Jeremy Ginges, Ian Hansen, and Ara Norenzayan, Religion and Support for Suicide Attacks, Psychology Science , 2 (2009), pp. England Thesis? 224-30. [9] Saba Mahmood, Rehearsed Spontaneity and net the Conventionality of Ritual: Disciplines of england thesis, Salat, American Ethnologist , Nov.

2004, pp. Motivation Word Essay? 827-53. [10] Daniel Winchester, Embodying the Faith: Religious Practice and university of new england the Making of Muslim Moral Habitus, Social Forces , June 2008, pp. 1753-80; Sayyid Sabiq, Fiqh as-Sunna (Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1991), vol. 2, pp. 67-74. [11] Ahmad ibn Naqib al-Misri, Reliance of the Traveller and Tools for the Worshipper , trans.

Sheikh Nuh Ha Mim Keller, p. vii, accessed Nov. 21, 2010; Wael B. Andreas Werr? Hallaq, Shari'a: Theory, Practice, Transformations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 72-8, 113-24. [12] Sabiq, Fiqh as-Sunna , vol. 1, p. 113.

[14] Ibid., F12.4; Sabiq, Fiqh as-Sunna , vol. 2, pp. 50, 56. [18] Sayyid Qutb, Milestones , in Studies in Islam and the Middle East, 2005, p. 34. [19] Hallaq, Shari'a: Theory, Practice, Transformations , pp.

324-34; Majid Khadduri, War and Peace in the Law of Islam (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), pp. 42-137; Rudolph Peters, Jihad in Classical and of new england Modern Islam , 2nd ed. (Princeton, N.J.: Markus Wiener Publications, 2005), pp. 1-57; David Cook, Understanding Jihad (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005), pp. 13-92; Majid Khadduri, trans., The Islamic Law of Nations: Shaybani's Siyar (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1965), pp. 1-22; Mary Haybeck, Knowing the Enemy: Jihadist Ideology and the War on Terror (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), pp. 107-33; David Yerushalmi, Selected Classical Sources on Jihad, 2009, accessed Nov. 6, 2010. [20] Al-Azhar certification of Reliance of the Traveller , Islamic Research Academy, al-Azhar University, Cairo, Feb. 11, 1991. [23] Sabiq, Fiqh as-Sunna , vol. 3, p. 76.

[25] Hafiz Ibn Kathir, Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Houston: Darussalam Publishers, 2000), vol. Resume? 4, p. 475. [26] See, for example, The New York Daily News , Nov. 11, 2009. [27] Andrew F. March, Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), p. 266. [29] Muslim Public Opinion on U.S. Policy, Attacks on Civilians, and Al Qaeda, The Program on International Policy Attitudes at the University of Maryland, WorldPublicOpinion.org, Apr. 24, 2007. [30] Barry A. Kosmin and Seymour P. Lachman, One Nation under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society (New York: Harmony Books, 1993), pp. 96-7.

[31] Ihsan Bagby, Paul M. Perl, and Bryan T. Froehle, The Mosque in America: A National Portrait, Council on American Islamic Relations, Washington, D.C., Apr. 26, 2001. [32] Directory of Religious Centers, Pluralism Project, Harvard University, Cambridge, accessed Oct. Of New? 30, 2010. Related Topics: Islamic law (Shari'a), Muslims in the United States | Mordechai Kedar | Summer 2011 MEQ receive the latest by email: subscribe to resume for dot, the free mef mailing list This text may be reposted or forwarded so long as it is presented as an integral whole with complete and accurate information provided about its author, date, place of publication, and university of new original URL.

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University Of New England Phd Thesis

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Much of the workforce work in a part?time capacity (47%) and seasonal employment is important for university england outdoors, caravans and playwork, which attract students and other temporary workers. The UK sport and resume recreation industry covers the full range of sports provision from grass roots community projects through to professional sports men and women at the peak of their performance. It also incorporates the day?to?day running of amateur and professional sports clubs, and university of new the promotion of an active and healthy lifestyle. The structure of the industry is largely determined by the nature of provision; that is, whether its operators are publicly funded, private, not?for?profit, or charitable/voluntary organisations. Word! Sport and recreation includes a variety of types of organisations, with a range of funding channels or support, ranging from commercial sports with large facilities to smaller sport clubs running on a charitable basis.

London’s successful bid to england thesis host the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games has put the UK’s sporting provision (both competitive and recreational) in the spotlight. The industry will play an essential role in ensuring that the delivery of the andreas werr Games is effective and that the nation benefits from a lasting Olympic legacy. There are 371,800 people working in university england the sport and recreation industry, together with a significant number of volunteers. 41% of the workforce is net employed full?time, 48% part?time and 11% self?employed. Around 32% of the workforce is aged 16?24 year olds; this is university of new higher than the 2000 word essay 14% recorded across the UK workforce as a whole. 25% of the adult population in england England are members of club where they take part in sport (10 million people). 17.5% of the of the on katherine adult population in England received tuition to improve their performance in sport during 2007/08. Over 6 million adults participated in organised competitive sport in 20087/09. University Of New! There are over criteria research methods 1,177,000 regularly practicing coaches in the UK. Jobs in the industry include: sports development officer, community sports development officer, club/coach development officer, activity team leader, professional athlete, sports physiotherapist, team doctor, strength and conditioning coach, coach educators, psychologist, biomechanist, masseur, dietician, nutritionist, coach, official (club, county, regional, national, international), recreation/leisure assistant, sports/leisure manager, events manager, volunteer co?ordinator, groundskeepers, stewards.

East Midlands – There are 44,300 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 27,200 are employed in the sport and recreation industry. The region has a strong sports infrastructure. It hosts a number of world class facilities including: the National Ice Centre; the National Water Sports Centre; the of new england National Cricket Academy; the Nottinghamshire Tennis Centre; golf courses, such as Belton Woods, and thesis tungkol the National Golf Centre at Woodhall Spa; and university england thesis racecourses at thesis Nottingham, Leicester, Southwell, Market Rasen and Towcester, with Burleigh House hosting the annual International Horse Trials. There are also a range of university professional sports club located in the region. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; first aid; and child protection. East of England – There are 61,400 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 36,800 are employed in the sport and recreation industry.

The region has a broad and exciting sporting heritage hosting a number of sporting and recreational facilities, including: football stadiums in detailed biography Ipswich and Norwich; British horseracing headquarters; Snetterton racing circuit; Norfolk Broads; and Grafham Water sailing centre. London – There are 70,200 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 45,200 are employed in university england the sport and recreation industry. London has a rich mix of active leisure and learning facilities, high profile sporting clubs and venues and hosts a wide range of international, national, regional and net local events. The most important forthcoming sporting event for the region is the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, which is expected to of new england thesis bring a number of long term benefits to the region, including substantial investment and sa k-12 program development in the sporting infrastructure in London. England! Industry skills gaps in andreas thesis the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; initiative; first aid; child protection; project management; and working with people with disabilities. North East – There are 24,500 people employed in university of new the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 14,900 are employed in the sport and sa k-12 program recreation industry. The region is home to a number of high profile sporting clubs including: Sunderland, Newcastle United and Middleborough football clubs; Durham County Cricket Team; Rugby Union Newcastle Falcons team; and of new england the Newcastle Vipers ice hockey team. Werr! The North East has 20 facilities listed in the London 2012 Pre?Games Training Camps Guide and 4 universities providing sports provision recognised in the 2012 Training Camps Guide. University England! Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; first aid; team?working; health and safety; working with disabled people; child protection; and initiative. North West – There are 65,700 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 38,300 are employed in the sport and recreation industry.

The region has a rich sports infrastructure. It is for dot home to: a number of university professional football teams; a county cricket club and a test match venue in Lancashire; SuperLeague rugby clubs; a number of first class golf courses; the for evaluating qualitative research methods world’s biggest horse race (the Grand National at Aintree); and other race courses at Haydock, Chester, Carlisle and Cartmel. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; initiative; team?working; planning and university england preparing work; child protection; and andreas thesis first aid. South East – There are 96,700 people employed in england the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 62,300 are employed in the sport and recreation industry. Motivation 2000 Word Essay! The region hosts a range of high profile sporting venues and events, including: Eton Dorney; National Hockey Centre; Brands Hatch; and Cowes. A high percentage of university england English athletes funded under the world class programmes are based in the South East. Net! Two of the nine UK Sports Institutes are based in the region at Bisham Abbey and university of new england thesis Bisley.

Industry skills gaps in detailed the region include: sport specific technical skills; first aid; child protection; communication; management; and planning and thesis preparing work. South West – There are 53,700 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 28,100 are employed in criteria using research methods the sport and recreation industry. The region is host to a number of high profile sporting events and venues including: Cheltenham Gold Cup; Badminton Horse Trials; European surfing at university of new Newquay; sailing at Weymouth; and thesis sa k-12 program World Half Marathon in Bristol. Of New England Thesis! Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; team?working; planning and preparing work; initiative; project management; and problem solving. West Midlands – There are 48,200 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of thesis tungkol sa k-12 program which 28,600 are employed in the sport and of new england thesis recreation industry. The region hosts a range of for evaluating qualitative methods high?profile sporting venues, clubs and events, including: The National Indoor Arena (NIA) in Birmingham, which has staged over 40 major international sporting events since it opened in 1991; several football Premiership/Championship Clubs; high?profile professional clubs in university rugby and basketball; successful cricket, hockey and athletics clubs; the National Sports Centre at werr thesis Lilleshall, which is part of the English Institute of Sport (EIS); the Belfry, a world?class golf course; Warwickshire County Cricket Ground in Edgbaston; a regional indoor training centre at Worcester Rugby Club; and a number of racecourses.

Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; team?working; initiative; and planning and preparing work. Yorkshire and the Humber – There are 51,900 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 29,900 are employed in the sport and recreation industry. Thesis! The region has a strong sporting infrastructure and for dot net is home to a cluster of sports science, technology, medicine and economics research and development units. The region is home to a range of professional sports clubs and university of new england thesis 11 venues feature in the London 2012 Pre?Games Training Camp Guide. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; child protection; initiative; and management. Northern Ireland – There are 10,738 people employed in the active leisure, learning and taming shrew well?being sector, of which 8,100 are employed in of new thesis the sport and recreation industry. Scotland – There are 58,200 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 36,800 are employed in the sport and recreation industry.

Wales – There are 29,500 people employed in taming shrew essay the active leisure, learning and university of new england well?being sector, of which 15,600 are employed in the sport and recreation industry.

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A Method for Grading Essays in Any Course. Grading student papers for a course in any discipline presents a series of challenges different from grading other kinds of assignments. Typically, a wide range of responses will be acceptable, and every paper (unless it is plagiarized) will have some merit. Consequently, grading essays demands a teacher#8217;s close attention to insure that each paper is judged by the same standards. Of New! A method for evaluating essays that breaks the grading process into taming of the essay on katherine parts can help an university thesis, instructor work more consistently and efficiently. By assessing papers based upon the three general categories of ideas, argument, and of the shrew essay on katherine, mechanics and style, categories easily adapted for each discipline and assignment, an england thesis, instructor can more easily recognize and comment on an essay#8217;s strengths and weaknesses and so face that daunting pile of twenty, forty, or even one hundred essays with less trepidation. Furthermore, if teachers make clear to students how this method works, fewer students will be confused about their grades or apt to charge that papers are graded in an arbitrary or purely subjective way. Before applying the three categories for evaluation, think through what it is you want an detailed biography, assignment to university thesis accomplish. Grades should reflect the most significant strengths and weaknesses of an essay, so a teacher should carefully consider ahead of time what expectations he or she has for a paper and werr thesis, especially what he or she most wants students to thesis do for a particular assignment. For example, Do the instructions to students require specific tasks, such as agreeing or disagreeing with an author, outlining a book#8217;s argument for motivation 2000 word review, or analyzing a particular section of a work? What is it that students should show they understood?

More generally, a teacher may also consider the following: Has the student presented ideas in a logical order? Is the essay written in of new england, clear, grammatically correct prose? Has the student offered explanation or examples to support generalizations? For any given assignment, your criteria for success may vary in taming of the essay on katherine, the details; whatever they are, make a list of them. Ideally, students would receive a copy of this list before they begin writing their essays. The problem with such a list of criteria, however, is thesis that it can quickly grow unwieldy. Of The Essay! While we need some specific questions as a checklist for of new england thesis student writing success, we can benefit from a streamlined evaluation system. Resume For Dot! The ideas/argument/mechanics and style format is a simple way to university thesis group criteria, both for yourself and your students.

Once you have a set of criteria for an essay to succeed, you can decide how these questions fit under the three headings. A general breakdown of these questions might look like this: Does the student understand the accompanying reading or the of the essay on katherine, principles behind the experiment, etc.? Does the student offer original interpretations? Do the student#8217;s explanations of terms, ideas, and examples demonstrate an ability to grasp the main points, paraphrase them, and apply them? Does the student answer the question(s) assigned? Does the university england thesis, essay demonstrate an understanding of a subject, or does it wander from one subject to net the next without offering more than superficial remarks? Can we easily determine what the of new, author#8217;s main point is?

Does the essay provide a series of points that add up to net an argument supporting the main point (thesis)? Does the of new, essay proceed logically from point to point? Does the detailed, student provide examples and university of new thesis, explanations to support his or her generalizations? Does the essay contain contradictions? Is the criteria papers qualitative, paragraph structure logical? Is it clear what the student#8217;s point of view is? Does the student control tone?

Is the university, essay free of grammatical errors? Is the essay punctuated appropriately? Do citations and tungkol sa k-12, bibliography follow the correct format? Is the prose clear or do you puzzle over individual sentences? Are words spelled correctly? What I am suggesting is essentially adapted from the methods of two English professors, Charlene Sedgwick and Steve Cushman. Sedgwick#8217;s #8220;ENWR Handbook#8221; offers guidelines for evaluating freshman composition papers by assessing focus, organization, style, and mechanics; Cushman has in the past recommended that graders for his upper-level literature courses weigh mechanics and style (together) as one-third of university of new england thesis, a grade, and ideas and argument as the other two-thirds. Though instructors for criteria papers methods non-English courses may want less emphasis on writing skills per se in an essay grade, I would argue that papers for all courses should be evaluated at least in part for their grammar, punctuation, and prose style because these fundamentals of writing are everywhere necessary for readers to university england thesis understand writers. And a teacher in any discipline can easily tailor the 2000 word essay, three categories of ideas/argument/mechanics and style to the conventions of the course and its academic discipline.

Simplified (and Platonized) then, these three categories translate into the following grade scale: essays with good ideas that are logically organized into an argument and written in university of new england thesis, clear and mechanically clean prose receive an thesis tungkol, A; essays lacking in of new thesis, one category (e.g., have poor organization) receive a B; essays weak in two categories receive a C; and essays that manage none the three general criteria garner a D or fail. Detailed Biography! What constitutes an #8220;A#8221; within any given category will also depend upon the course level and the assignment, but in a very general way, if a student#8217;s essay can answer #8220;yes#8221; to all of your questions for a category, then the student should have an thesis, #8220;A#8221; for that portion of the of the, grade. University England! (More explicit criteria appear in #8220;Responding to Student Writing#8221; by Stella Deen in the November, 1995, Teaching Concerns .) Particularly for new teachers, it is sometimes helpful to read through several essays to see what an average paper for a class looks like. Checking to see if several papers have similar difficulties can also help you detect unclear instructions in the assignment or a content issue that may require further class discussion: if we have been unclear in some way, then we should be prepared to cut our students some slack when evaluating that part of the assignment. However much we simplify the process, grading essays will never be as simple as marking multiple choice exams. Most student essays are some combination of good ideas and slight misunderstanding, clear argument and motivation 2000 word essay, less clear argument: they don#8217;t neatly divide into university england thesis three parts. Typically the problems in an essay are closely related: for criteria using methods example, a misunderstanding of content can lead to a logical flaw in the argument and to prose that is full of short sentences because the author is not certain which ideas should be subordinated to others. University England Thesis! Because of this system of logical relations, it is thesis tungkol all the more important to of new england include a final comment with a grade. Writing final comments may indeed slow grading, but the pedagogical benefits of comments far outweigh the few minutes per 2000, paper needed to write them. Students continue to learn from an assignment if they understand what their work accomplished and what it didn#8217;t. More importantly, final comments can help students write more fully conceived and better executed papers on the next assignment. (For a time-saving method of offering detailed comments about common problems in a set of essays, see Nancy Childress#8217;s essay #8220;Using General Comment Sheets,#8221; published in university of new england, the October, 1995 issue of Teaching Concerns ; she recommends preparing a handout for the entire class in addition to biography [shorter] written comments on individual essays.) One way to organize an end comment is to write at least one sentence pertaining to each of the three categories of ideas, argument, and style and university, mechanics.

Breaking an essay into these three components can help us comment on an essay#8217;s strengths and thesis tungkol, weaknesses more quickly than if we had no set criteria or if we had too many. A particularly successful comment will explain to a student how ideas, argument, style, and even grammar work together. Final comments also serve as a check on ourselves, especially if we tie our general end comments to specific examples within the paper. For example, when I finish reading Student A#8217;s essay, I may sense that he didn#8217;t offer proof in university england thesis, support of assertions. But when I look for of the essay on katherine an example of an england, unsupported assertion, I find there are passages that might serve as supporting evidence; however, he has not explained very carefully how the examples work, so my impression has been that his essay lacks proof. Even when we are sure that we have avoided bias and inconsistency, comments pointing to examples will better illustrate to students what they can improve.

Above all, comments should not be mere justifications for grades, though they may coincidentally deter students from seeking explanations as to why the received a #8220;B#8221; instead of an #8220;A.#8221; TRC NOTE : For help in implementing these suggestions, request a Writing Workshop.

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Evaluation Essay Essays and Research Papers. ENG 102 WP-1 - Evaluation Essay Write an essay that evaluates the value or effectiveness of something . according to criteria you establish or identify in university england thesis the essay . The Genre: You’re familiar with the book and movie reviews that appear in newspapers, magazines, and websites. They are just one kind of evaluative writing, but from them we can identify the key components of the for evaluating qualitative research methods, genre. First, there is the object to be evaluated. Often this is a single thing—a music CD, a scholarly study, a corporation—but.

Academia , Academic publishing , Essay 768 Words | 3 Pages. Choose a topic that you would like to write about. Since you will need to make a value judgment based on a set of criterion, you should know your subject . well. Formulate your thesis. The thesis of an evaluation essay is its overall purpose and should be stated clearly, giving you the direction that will allow you to thesis, distinguish between criteria and taming shrew essay select, appropriate examples. It should state value, or the lack of university thesis, it, in regard to what you are writing about. Think of the taming shrew, criteria that you are. Essay , Linguistics , Philosophical terminology 1404 Words | 4 Pages.

Kristine Angelica A. Sacanle|IV-Star Evaluation Essay An evaluation essay is an essay . which deals with the analysis and of new england thesis evaluation of the criteria for evaluating, properties of some object. The student writing the evaluation essay has to fix an object for the evaluation , to analyze its properties, and to university thesis, grade them, which is to evaluate. An evaluation essay is one that rates or evaluates something - a book, a movie, a music album, or an employee's performance. There is a nearly infinite number of topics that can be the. Critical thinking , Difference , Essay 1156 Words | 4 Pages. Essay #3: Evaluation Essay This essay will evaluate an item (automobile, restaurant, film, . television show, book, or a recent or prospective purchase).

The evaluation essay is an argumentative essay , so it requires evidence to support your opinion and conclusion that you draw about the resume for dot, item that you are evaluating. Thesis. The assignment: Decide on an item to evaluate, develop criteria (standards) by werr thesis, which to judge the item, then make a recommendation to the reader as to how well (or not) the. Essay , Peer review , Psychometrics 906 Words | 6 Pages. In the given example, the company’s current evaluation form is inadequate and does not provide a complete picture of employee’s performance. . Thesis. The current evaluation method only focuses on personal characteristics of the employee being evaluated. Taming. Another problem with the current method is university that only the plant manager evaluates the employee, without getting input from the individual being evaluated or anyone else. Furthermore the evaluation method currently being used focuses on perceptions and does. 360-degree feedback , Assessment , Big Five personality traits 1084 Words | 3 Pages.

Evaluation and Education Essay Education and evaluation are inter-related processes. Evaluation is . Detailed. as old as the process of education itself. Education in university of new thesis its wider sense implies not only acquisition of of the on katherine, knowledge, but also development of abilities, skills, personality qualities which are important in individual's personal and social life. The function of evaluation in education is to university of new england, provide a systematic assessment of the development of biography, these qualities as an university england outcome of educational endeavour. Since. Cost-utility analysis , Costs , Education 743 Words | 3 Pages. housing stabilization for the prevention of word, homelessness. Evaluation techniques and practices were not built into the project from the . beginning. The federal government released evaluation information after the of new england thesis, RFP, applications and contracts were signed. Therefore, the evaluation needs for tungkol, the program were not discussed and agreed to by all parties from the outset. Consequently, data necessary for am comprehensive evaluation was not tracked and thus could not be analyzed. (Langbein.

Evaluation , Homelessness , Poverty 732 Words | 6 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of university england, essay writing which involves both the criteria papers using research methods, way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. Evaluation essay is one in university which the writer analyses all the aspects of an criteria for evaluating papers using qualitative research methods object and university thesis draws his/her own conclusion on that. It is net . a process of examining facts and information about a topic and of new thesis then reaching on a personal judgment. These types of essays are mostly used for the purpose of evaluation of books, movies, etc. An evaluation essay employs both the positive and negative aspects of the object before reaching on a final conclusion on it. Examples and statistics are helpful in evaluating any. Essay , Evaluation , Police 445 Words | 2 Pages. ? Contents 1. Definition 1 a. How to do evaluation of sources 2 1. Tungkol. Definition e-val-u-a-tion /??v?lju?e???n/ (noun) [ . University Thesis. uncountable and countable ] A judgment about how good, useful, or successful something is.

Synonym: assessment (Longman Dictionary, Professor John Wells, Jan. 10 2011) Word family Word origin verb evaluate Date 1700 - 1800 noun evaluation Language French Origin evaluation , from evaluer ‘to evaluate’, from resume net value ‘value’ Example. Evaluation , Judgment , Noun 363 Words | 3 Pages. Evaluation involves the assessment of the effectiveness of the training programs. This assessment is done by collecting data on whether the . participants were satisfied with the deliverables of the training program, whether they learned something from the training and are able to apply those skills at their workplace. There are different tools for university thesis, assessment of a training program depending upon the kind of training conducted.Since organisations spend a large amount of money, it is therefore important. Donald Kirkpatrick , Evaluation , Learning 1730 Words | 6 Pages. Evaluation Essay Evaluations are important tools to understand why decisions are made and criteria for evaluating papers qualitative the factors evaluated to university of new thesis, . assist individuals in determining his or her goals, career choice, skills, and interest. Evaluations may be accomplished by self-assessments, and performance evaluations . Self-assessments and performance evaluations are essential tools to encourage and develop critical thinking skills.

These tools may assist in personal and of the shrew essay on katherine professional skill development. Understanding why we make. Critical thinking , Decision making , Employment 503 Words | 2 Pages. ? Science Essay Evaluation Rubric assignment # __11________ Student Name:Julia Score:100 This analytic rubric is university used . to verify specific tasks performed when producing an essay . If the task has been successfully completed, all points are awarded. For Dot Net. No points are awarded if the task is not complete.

Category Scoring Criteria Points Student Evaluation Self Peer Teacher Evaluation Introduction 20 points A thesis statement makes the purpose of the university thesis, essay clear. (Thesis. Education , Essay , Essays 406 Words | 4 Pages. ? Evaluation is more subjective, since it involves human judgment. Of The Shrew. We make evaluations of people and their performance not only in . school, but also on the job and at home. As teachers, we strive to reduce the chance for misjudgment in of new the evaluation of for evaluating papers using qualitative research methods, students Reasons for of new england, evaluation According to motivation 2000 essay, Robert Slavin there are five reasons for evaluation and these are: 1.) Motivation of students – rewards for good work can stimulate further good work. 2.) Feedback to students- evaluation can reveal strengths. Assessment , Education , Evaluation 829 Words | 3 Pages. NUBS China CSR international talent development program A post- evaluation system on fixed assets investments . Zhang Kun GM stream, group B M a y 2 0 1 3 A post- evaluation system on fixed assets investments 1.Background With the development of CSR,more and thesis more money was put into fixed assets investment, such as purchasing equipment , building new plants and so on. Due to the slide of the external market, the company will have to bear an unprecedented. Critical path method , Depreciation , Evaluation 1063 Words | 5 Pages. An Essay is motivation 2000 word essay a piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal point of view.

Essays can consist of a number of . elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the england, author. The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article and a short story. Almost all modern essays are written in andreas thesis prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's An Essay on. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 746 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for debate; there have been mixed results for companies and individuals who have . pursued social responsibility. There is also the question of whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of essay is england thesis based on philosophical theories on thesis sa k-12, the necessity of social responsibility backed up with facts about previous social responsibility efforts.

For example, an essay could be about how giving support to university england, disaster. Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages. Exam Objective This exam evaluates the degree to which the student can successfully construct a four-paragraph expository essay . (introduction, two body paragraphs, and conclusion), as well as revise and andreas thesis edit their essay using a rubric and pre-established classroom criteria. The student should present a perspective on of new england, American values using logically sound and grammatically correct paragraphs, basing their reasoning on clearly stated themes and concrete, illustrative examples. The produced paragraphs. 2005 albums , Assessment , Essay 739 Words | 3 Pages. Bankers Adda How to write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of . Resume For Dot Net. 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to university thesis, write Essay ? and few points to remember while writing an detailed essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to write an essay ? 1. Analyze the prompt.

Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. University Thesis. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of andreas thesis, a postage stamp yet to be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support). University Of New England Thesis. English and werr literature teachers use them on university england thesis, a regular basis, but essays are required in detailed many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a.

Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on Monday 14th of January 2013 You are required to write an . University. essay supported with reference to the academic literature that answers the following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation. You are keenly aware that as part of your management role you will be responsible for managing change and anticipate drawing on your BM 6105 studies to help you achieve success. Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages. Questions Q1. Define Evaluation and explain the concept in criteria methods your own words.

Q2. Enumerate the Principles of Evaluation Q3. . Of New Thesis. Explain any two models of evaluation . Identify the detailed, one closest to your training needs and objectives and give reasons for the same, Q4. Choose one Training Programme that you would like to university england thesis, conduct/direct. What methods would you choose for setting training objectives for criteria qualitative methods, that program? Q5. Selection of the university england, method of evaluation depends on the criteria of evaluation . Elaborate with. Computer program , Donald Kirkpatrick , Evaluation 1839 Words | 6 Pages. their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not. By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to for dot net, give up his humanity, while on the other . hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to university of new, protect his family.

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Please select a title from the list here: 1. Discuss the impact a particular theory has had on your area of study in terms of application, use and limitations. 2. Explain the problems. Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and motivation essay transparency of england thesis, a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the thesis, lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by university of new england, Shonagon. Sei.

Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. trying to motivation word essay, know everyone in england thesis the class. After that here comes the big turn, homework and taming of the on katherine writing essays . I have never written an of new england thesis . essay in my life while I was living in India. It was really hard for me to write down our thought on the given assignment. My English is not good and criteria papers grammar is worse.

I was really afraid of writing, I didn’t want to university of new england, tell anyone. I missed my first essay due date and essay even second essay due date. After some days Mrs. Danielo called me in her office during office hours. She told. Academic term , College , Essay 1524 Words | 4 Pages. symbols which can be understood and manipulated by someone who is culturally literate. University England. Second, being literate can mean having knowledge or competence.

For . example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate. For your first essay , try to focus on a moment or a period in your life when you realized the significance of andreas thesis, being literate in this fashion. Did you have trouble using a computer to register for classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its. Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages. Peer Evaluation Procedure You are responsible for university, evaluating each member (other than yourself) of your work group. Taming Essay. Please do what the of new, . instructions request. This evaluation is very important because the dollar outcomes, when evaluated for taming, consensus, will generate a multiplier or factor that will determine your project grade relative to england, your team members. Instructions: Evaluate members of your group (but NOT YOURSELF). There may or may not be the right number of spaces. Use just the.

Division , Evaluation , Factorization 462 Words | 3 Pages. stories, news articles, and especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. Just as . the news tries to stimulate our fears by for dot net, announcing a “danger in our water supply,” a writer must try to bring the of new thesis, reader from his or her world into the world of the essay . This is done with a few choice words at the beginning of the essay : the infamous hook. It is not easy to think of how to make someone want to read an taming of the shrew essay essay about a novel. It’s not even easy to. Essay , Good and evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages. Writing the Essay U.S. History Organization • Basics – Introduction (4-5 sentences) – Body (4-6 sentences each) – Conclusion (3-5 . sentences) • Paragraphs – Should be concise and TO THE POINT • Avoid paragraphs that are longer than one page • Helpful Hint – Use a concluding sentence to university, each body paragraph to summarize main idea and reiterate your thesis • **This does not differ between FRQs and DBQs Introduction • Length: 4-5 sentences • Be sure of net, what the question is university of new england thesis asking. Essay , Sentence 616 Words | 4 Pages.

disabilities. The process is based on using qualitative methods, a systems theory approach. The system is designed for england thesis, a guide for a well-defined, goal-oriented purpose to the activity . or program being provided. Thesis Tungkol Program. It involves four phases: assessment, planning, implementation and university of new thesis evaluation . Use of the werr, therapeutic recreation process is not dependent on location, but on systematic and of new england thesis consistent use of assessing, planning, implementing and evaluating services for people with disabilities. The process is papers using research applied in settings like hospitals. Assessment , Computer program , Disability 1387 Words | 5 Pages.

?Employee Performance Evaluation Name Job Title Employee Number Effective evaluation of thesis, job performance is an . on-going process. Annually each manager or supervisor provides a summary of progress toward meeting job expectations and last year’s goals. This form is to be used for annual evaluations , and at thesis program other times during the year when formal feedback is needed. Evaluation Period (month/day/year) From: To: Evaluation Criteria - Describes. Communication , Critical thinking , Decision making 340 Words | 3 Pages. Question: Write an essay on university of new england thesis, monitoring and evaluation (ME) in which you: describe the difference between monitoring and . Motivation 2000 Essay. evaluation distinguish between participatory ME and conventional ME describe how participatory monitoring and university thesis evaluation (PME) is used in practice with specific reference to case studies from China Title: Monitoring and Evaluation (ME) TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1 Introduction 3 2 The difference between monitoring and evaluation 3 3 Distinguishing. Construction , Critical path method , Evaluation 1936 Words | 7 Pages. Personnel Evaluation Week 5 Hilda Vazquez 11/11/12 PAD 530 Dr, Lee Abstract With the ever evolving status of the . Word Essay. development of Personnel Management comes the evolvement of strategizing the guidelines, and structure for the foundation of Personnel Management Evaluation . The importance of Personnel Management is high, and university of new has been progressively growing into the fast pace of society.

The idea behind having personnel management is to find ideal candidates who are self sufficient. Evaluation , Human resource management , Human resources 1536 Words | 5 Pages. Performance evaluations are designed primarily to tell employees how they had done over a period of time and to detailed biography, let them know what pay raise . them would receive. The biggest strength of our performance appraisal system at Fairfield Medical Center, would be “feedback”, however other factors like documentation and development do play an important role as well. I will talk about different performance measurements used at FMC, their strength, weakness and then proposed solution. Behavior Based Measures.

360-degree feedback , Evaluation , Feedback 888 Words | 3 Pages. result of introspection into past experiences or memorable events in university of new england thesis our lives. We introspect into these memorable events and reflect over them with . regards the emotions and influences they have left in our lives. In simple words a reflective essay is a piece of ‘you’ being presented in words. What is taming shrew essay on katherine Reflection?

In a reflective composition you really need to england thesis, think about yourself and how a particular personal experience changed you. Thesis Tungkol Sa K-12. It is university england thesis not merely a recollection of your experience but. Emotion , Essay , Essays 1498 Words | 5 Pages. performance against what was expected. Evaluation is a time-bound and periodic exercise that seeks to provide credible and useful information . to answer specific questions to criteria qualitative research, guide decision making by staff, managers and policy makers.

The aim is to determine the relevance and fulfilment of objectives, development efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability (Policy Framework for the Government-Wide Monitoring and Evaluation framework). Of New Thesis. An evaluation should provide information that is credible. Better , Decision making , Evaluation 1895 Words | 6 Pages. RUNNING HEAD: Grievance Procedures An Analysis on Grievance Procedures Robert Trejo . An Analysis on detailed biography, Performance of Evaluations Introduction This paper will discuss several aspects of the procedures of the performance of university, evaluations in the work place. First, this paper will discuss some information of the procedures to file a grievance. Then this paper will talk about the importance of word, a grievance procedure. Furthermore. Collective bargaining , Discipline , Employment 1426 Words | 5 Pages.

Evaluation of Training: Meaning and university of new thesis Types Khan Sarfaraz Ali[1] Training evaluation ( is the thesis tungkol, objective assessment of the university england thesis, past to qualitative, . facilitate better forecasting and controlling of the future. In the context of training it is used to university of new thesis, determine the effectiveness of a training program. Training evaluation means “any attempt to obtain information (feedback) on andreas werr thesis, the effects of university, a training program and to assess the taming of the shrew, value of the training in the light of university of new england, that information” [Hamblin]. Training evaluation is a. Assessment , Better , Evaluation 564 Words | 3 Pages. Evaluation Essay Structure and Format Tips Evaluation essays set out to create criteria and then . judge or evaluate the subject based on werr thesis, these criteria. Writing an evaluation essay requires you to university of new thesis, fully analyze both sides and determine an arguable judgment. Sa K-12 Program. You must fully explore the subject and then provide views and evidence to support that judgment.

Your writing starts with gathering necessary and relevant materials. University Of New England Thesis. Then you formulate a thesis, that is your judgement upon the topic, create. Academia , Essay , Evaluation 406 Words | 2 Pages. Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to an . essay question that might appear on the SAT. You’ll recognize that it’s based on the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred to throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to biography, explain your view and england thesis back it up with concrete examples.

Not every SAT essay topic will. Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. create a training evaluation . Taming Shrew On Katherine. “A training evaluation is the process of collecting the outcomes needed to determine whether . England. training is effective.”(Noe, 2008, pg 197). “An evaluation is important because it will help improve the quality of training, insure that money is being spent on taming essay, training, insures that objectives are being met, improves performance of employee and university of new the company and 2000 word essay increase profitability.“(Noe, 2008). University England Thesis. In the biography, training evaluation process, our first step is the evaluation design. This. Evaluation , Measurement , Practice 1081 Words | 3 Pages.

that once we make the initial evaluation , other information has little affect on how we view that person, so the first impression sticks. We . England. also evaluate people based on Self-fulfilling prophecy, which is basically having expectations about taming of the on katherine a person which elicits certain behavior that confirms your expectations. Stereotypes is a very common evaluation people make about other groups of of new england thesis, people, such as black, whites, Asians and so on. Usually this type of andreas, evaluation turns to be negative Q2: How. Archetype , Evaluation , False Impression 814 Words | 3 Pages. Job Evaluation at of new Whole Foods Week 3 Assignment Tanisha Reynolds Prepared For: HR 598 – Professor T. Clark May 23, 2010 Evaluate the taming of the shrew, . jobs listed in the case study and prepare a job structure based upon its evaluation . Assign titles to of new england, jobs, and taming of the essay show your structure by title and job letter Whole Foods stores are organized into teams based on the different product categories: * Produce (vegetables and fruits) * Meat * Seafood * Grocery (dairy, frozen) * Specialty (cheese. Evaluation , Grocery store , Job description 581 Words | 3 Pages. Writing a Research Essay in Economics You've been given an economic research essay topic for your assessment task and of new completed . your research. Your textbook and syllabus outline should be the starting points for the research.

Make sure you read the criteria on which you will be assessed. You are now ready to organise your ideas and the information you've collected into a logical sequence. But where do you start? It is for evaluating papers using research methods useful to begin with an thesis essay outline. The Structure of the Essay Outline The. Consumption function , Debut albums , Economics 1577 Words | 5 Pages.

Use these questions as guidance when critically evaluating your texts, but remember that you do not have to use them all in your writing. Critical . Evaluation of 2000, Sources Is the source: Source type a book, a journal, an e-journal, an Internet article, a newspaper, a magazine, a blog Why the source was chosen How does the text relate to your research topic – does it provide background information, support for university of new thesis, an argument, relevant data / details about the issue? Authority of the detailed, writer . Critical thinking , Evaluation , Peer review 408 Words | 3 Pages. The Golden Rules of Essay Writing. ?The Golden Rules of Essay Writing Below are some useful tips to consider when you are writing your essays . Use this sheet as a . reference and england check your essay against it before you hand it in 1. Keep subjectivity to essay, a minimum Always support your points with referenced evidence. University Of New England Thesis. Avoid use of the words ‘I’, ‘me’ and of the on katherine ‘you’. Write in the third person. 2. Beware of blanket statements It is not good enough to make generalisations such as ‘it is a well known fact that…’ and ‘research has shown that…’. Essay , Essays , Journalism 424 Words | 2 Pages.

Schwartz, Instructor English 102 21 April 2014 Final Reflective Essay During my time in thesis Professor Schwartz’s English 102 class, I feel that . Using Qualitative. I improved as a writer. I am now familiar with various types of argumentative essays and how to properly write them. Discussion assignments taught me how to review and synthesize articles and speeches, as well as interact with my peers. The self- evaluations required at university of new the end of andreas thesis, each essay helped me to critique my own work and university of new england thesis connect my personal ideas with. Creative writing , Debate , Education 1195 Words | 2 Pages.

SCM2601-W01-45955 Final Exam J.J. Andreas. Schultz May 1, 2013 I. 360-Degree Evaluation 1. University Thesis. Explain the concept of the criteria for evaluating papers using qualitative, 360-Degree . Evaluation . The 360-Degree Evaluation or 360-Degree feedback system is a performance evaluation system. This evaluation system is considered 360-degrees because it involves the collecting of university of new thesis, performance information from an employee’s sphere of contact. This includes evaluations from direct peers and co-workers, managers and supervisors, and unlike most. Better , Employment , Evaluation 1845 Words | 6 Pages. “A Word About Words” Havel Evaluation Havel's essay entitled “A Word About Words,” Havel came to shrew on katherine, the conclusion. We have . an ethical duty to always be suspicious of words. The three arguments Havel makes to support this claim are that we've always believed in the power of words to change history, and all events in of new england the real world always have their prologue in the realm of words.

This conclusion needs a lot of support and strong examples that are relevant, reasonable, and sufficient. Havel's. 2002 albums , Argument , Czechoslovakia 910 Words | 3 Pages. Essay #4: Research Analysis Rough Draft: _____________ Final Draft: ____________ |In the . dialectical journals and class discussions for criteria papers using methods, this unit, we will focus on George Orwell’s characterization of poverty in Down and Out in Paris | |and London. For this essay , you will present an analytical evaluation of Orwell’s account of a specific cause, consequence, or characteristic of | |poverty. To evince your evaluation , you will research the topic.

Begin , Essay , Poverty 798 Words | 3 Pages. The Definition of an Evaluation Essay. This is true for an evaluation essay . Of New England Thesis. The writer must think about the taming, topic and take a point of view about it. Sometimes the . writer must research the of new england, topic before making any type of detailed, argument. The argument is usually stated in the thesis statement. The first steps in writing an evaluation essay is to of new england, obtain supporting evidence to thesis sa k-12 program, support your viewpoint.

It is similar to an argumentative essay in that the writer's point of view is given backed with evidence. An evaluation essay is also similar to an. A Great Way to Care , Article , Critical thinking 632 Words | 2 Pages. Appropriate professional in university of new england office (Formality) A company supports a formalized system of biography, performance evaluation of all employees. The purpose . of the evaluation is to provide feedback to employees about their work performance; assist employees in staff and professional development; identify employees' leadership qualities; and achieve the university of new england, company’s goals. Therefore it is should be done seriously to ensure that the right objectives are tested.

In this case, being a director in sales, Danny is supposed. Behavior , Culture , Emotion 752 Words | 3 Pages. Writing an A-Level Sociology Essay. ?Knowing how to do an A Level Sociology Essay Assessment With reference to resume net, the present syllabus, there are three main skills being . assessed in your essays . 1. Knowledge and Understanding (9 marks) 2. Interpretation and Application (9 marks) 3. Evaluation (9 marks) What Does This Mean? What this means is that for writing an essay is that the content (studies, names of university of new england thesis, researcher, dates, figures, concepts, although important need to be organised coherently, applied to a variety of. Chris Marker , Essay , Essays 1471 Words | 6 Pages. all the answers for the assignments will be available in werr thesis net. But make sure u give a try. It would surely help u. 3. Do we have . evaluations on the topics covered in Aspire?

Ans: We have some assessment modules designed for participants in of new england thesis Aspire. Taming Of The On Katherine. This would include online assignments and self evaluation quizzes. Also u will be having evaluations based on of new thesis, it once u enter TCS. 3rd day. 4. Do we have any other assessments other than the online assessments? Ans: No. Nothing like. Activity , Click , E-participation 698 Words | 3 Pages.

persuasive essay and then write one of your own. The essay you write will use persuasive techniques and for dot evidence to england, argue for . adopting a good habit. You will evaluate a peer’s work and get peer feedback on your own essay using the papers, provided evaluation rubric. __________________________________________________________________________ ! Directions and Analysis Task 1: Persuasive Writing Using Evidence Forming good study habits is a great way to of new thesis, improve your grades. For Evaluating Qualitative Research Methods. Read this persuasive essay about using. Eating , Essay , Habit 1003 Words | 4 Pages. ? PART I ESSAY Origin of Essay History of essay as a literature form has begun in england thesis 1580 when Michel de . Montaigne has published the book “Les Essais”.

In French term “essais” means “try” or “experience”. Word Essay. It was a book written because of boredom; it did not have a distinct structure or plan, and consisted of individual chapters, formally unrelated to each other. Montaigne suggested his literary tests in form of initial essay , highlighting their subjective, relative, and inconclusive sides. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1691 Words | 5 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an england thesis author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an andreas werr thesis article, a pamphlet and a short story.

Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. University Of New England. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. For Dot Net. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages.