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Antidepressants Don#8217;t Ease Back Pain. Nearly one in four primary care doctors prescribes antidepressants as a treatment for low back pain. But a new report shows there#8217;s no evidence the uni coursework drugs offer any relief. The finding comes from a review by the Cochrane Collaboration, a not-for-profit group that evaluates medical research. Essay Reviewer! The use of depression pills to treat back pain has been controversial.

Some studies have suggested a benefit while others have shown the drugs don#8217;t help. Complicating matters is the fact that depression is common among sufferers of chronic back pain, so it#8217;s not always clear if doctors are prescribing the drugs for pain relief or as a preventative measure against depression. The Cochrane review, led by Donna Urquhart, a research fellow at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, analyzed 10 published studies that compared antidepressants to placebos in patients with low back pain. Some of the patients had ruptured discs, slipped vertebrae, pinched nerves or other problems; some were depressed, while others were free of depression. Most of the studies found that patients receiving antidepressants didn#8217;t experience any more pain relief than those taking a placebo, although some of the research suggested a benefit. Uni Coursework! Overall, the analysis concluded that there#8217;s no evidence that prescribing antidepressants to role, treat back pain relieves pain or improves function.

The researchers also found that in patients with low back pain, antidepressant treatment didn#8217;t curb depression, either. Most of the uni coursework studies looked at of dramatic poesie, an older class of drugs called tricyclic antidepressants, although a few studies included some of the newer generation antidepressants, including the uni coursework drugs Wellbutrin and Paxil. The data are surprising because last fall The Annals of Internal Medicine published a review showing antidepressants did appear to relieve back pain. The discrepancy may be due to good thesis for steve, different ways of measuring pain relief in each review. Uni Coursework! However, Cochrane reviews are among the most respected in medicine. Essay Reviewer! A 2000 survey in The Archives of uni coursework Family Medicine showed that doctors commonly prescribe antidepressants to patients with back pain.

Back pain sufferers who are using antidepressants shouldn#8217;t quit the drugs as a result of the report without talking to their doctors first. Quitting antidepressants cold turkey can be risky, triggering a series of side effects. And patients with a history of depression likely will be advised to role of discipline in student life, continue treatment with the uni coursework drugs. “Existing studies do not provide adequate evidence for essay, or against the use of uni coursework antidepressants in low back pain, and death essay further research is needed,” Dr. Urquhart told the Health Behavior News Service. “In the uni coursework meantime, antidepressants should be regarded as an unproven treatment for nonspecific low back pain.” Comments are no longer being accepted. A board certified psychiatist I#8217;m not surprised by this report. Antidepressants mostly work with depressed patients with minimal character and behaviorial problems.

These drugs, and psychiatric medications generally, are vastly overprescribed. Of Dramatic Poesie! As a mental health professional I find it distressing and ethically questionable that family practice/primary care physicians are prescribing antidepressants inappropriately. Uni Coursework! Many patients do not receive adequate monitoring of their use, and oft times when one antidepressant proves to be ineffective, the patient is switched to another without close monitoring. When used as intended for depression, patients benefit from talk therapy with antidepressants, or talk therapy alone. Use of antidepressants without talk therapy invariably fails the essay reviewer patient. To use antidepressants off label is equally as distressing and dangerous.

FPs and PCPs need to step away from their egos and uni coursework refer their patients to disadvantages death penalty essay, the appropriate specialists for treament that is in uni coursework the best interest of their patient, not their bottom line. Older tricyclics are routinely used to treat neurogenic or nerve generated pain, which is in the butterflies, often one very specific part of low back pain. Uni Coursework! They are prescribed at doses much lower than they would be if used to treat a depression, and are not, in these cases, intended to treat mood. Good Thesis Statement For Steve Jobs! I would suggest that the confounders you mention are enough to ignore the Cochrane data for the moment until issues of uni coursework pain etiology, pain scoring and which symptom the medication is being prescribed for are clarifyed. Allow me to add America#8217;s hypnotic fascination with Britney Spears psychiatric problems reflects a cultural identification with the bipolar manic phase nature of top paper writing services our cultural, economic and uni coursework addiction to repeated unsuccessful warmaking.

I was prescribed at least five different antidepressants for herniated discs, which did not work, so now I#8217;m back on Tramadol (Ultram), which does offer some relief. Oddly, the new Ultram ER made me more depressed. It makes sense that a person in chronic pain would indeed be depressed, depending on the degrees of the pain. It#8217;s exhausting, frustrating, and top paper services debilitating, especially for formerly active people. Pain management specialists do recommend seeing a therapist for this, and I found a few sessions to be helpful. Uni Coursework! But nothing, so far, has been as helpful as a physical therapist. I#8217;m officially diagnosed with chronic pain due to what is a good statement jobs, lumbar failure; 4 surgeries, fusion, spinal cord stimulator over a 14-year period.

I#8217;ve been on a slew of antidepressants and I can attest they did not do anything for the pain. Although stress and depression can exacerbate the overall misery they do little for the actual physical cause. Uni Coursework! (Based on my experience which is subjective and essay non-scientific) However, my primary care physicians never felt comfortable dealing with pain on my level. For the first 8 years I went through a series of fakers who did more harm than good, but have finally found people with thorough pain management programs that address physical, mental and use holistic as well as standard chemical treatments. Pain is extremely complicated and PCPs should understand this. I take 10 mg/day of tofranil, a trycyclic antidepressant, to make me a little less sensitive to uni coursework, pain.

For treatment of depression this is a meaningless dose, but I believe it is of discipline in student life, effective in making me less sensitive to pain. Patients with chronic back pain need to have the primary cause of uni coursework their pain treated. Surgery is usually not the right solution, and neither are pain-killers. What worked for me, was a combination of manipulation, reconstructive ligament therapy, and exercise, described in writing services The Lancet, July 18, 1987, pp. 143 146, authors Ongley, Klein, Dorman, Eek, and Hubert. There is alot of public awareness these days on the dangers of antidepressants.

It may be the side effects (some irreversible)the addicitions, the fact that they may cause angry and crazy behaviors and suicide and uni coursework many are not even FDA approved. Could the essay reviewer suggestion that they could have helped with pain relief is maybe another way of keeping them prescribed since I am hoping most people are taking a second look at uni coursework, these dangerous drugs and learning how to #8220;JUST SAY NO!#8221; as we were taught to do with the in the time essay on minerva illegal ones , you know the drugs from the streets, not your Dr#8217;s office (the legal ones).Drugs are drugs. After years of ineffective treatment with powerful pain killers, muscle relaxants and visits to Pain Management Centers one doctor prescribed low dosage Amitriptyline for my burning nerve pain. The drug#8217;s effect was nearly immediate, and uni coursework vastly improved my quality of life. Nothing previous to this had brought any form of relief. An appropriate emotional response to a back problem indicates a healthy mind, not a pathological one.

So why would they want to attempt to treat a healthy response? Are the physicians confusing an emotional response to role in student life, feeling bad with feeling bad? The underlying studies that the Cochrane reports rely on all suffer from the same kind of uni coursework selection bias that plagues so-called #8220;evidence based medicine#8221; in the days of informed concent. Imagine the scenerio: someone goes to a clinic complaining of low back pain. The physician tells them that there is a study of the effectiveness of antidepressants in what good thesis statement for steve the treatment of back pain and for $50 and uni coursework free medicine, they can participate but there is a 50% that they will be given a placebo. The patients in considerable pain to whom $50 is top paper writing, trivial, decline and get resl medicine.

The ones who aren#8217;t too bad participate and the study is headlined as not showing the value of treatment compared to placebo. Or even worse,the study physicians advertise in the local newspaper for back pain sufferers and so attract either intractable patients who have not improved with standard treatments or patients who are not so uncomfortable that they are willing to take a risk of not getting the actual treatment, even if the real treatment does not apparently give benefit. These kinds of uni coursework studies are held up as a #8220;gold standard#8221; for medical research. Many of these studies yield counter-intuitive results that do not correspond to writing, years of clinical experience. On the uni coursework one hand, the role of discipline in student life academicians in medicine say that clincal experience is what allows you to make the same mistakes with increasing conviction. On the other hand, post-graduate medical education has dramatically lengthened to provide clincal experience. If it were the case that clincial experience is uni coursework, so deleterious to role life essay, rigorous science, why require a minimum of 5 years residency training for so many specialties? The answer to this paradox lies in the dominant driving force of modern medicine: money. Uni Coursework! Every treatment that is shown not to work saves money for insurance companies (if it doesn#8217;t work they won#8217;t pay for disadvantages death, it) and keeping specialists in the pipeline longer slows the entry of specialists into the community and keeps up the salaries of specialsts. I#8217;ll never forget my former internist saying to uni coursework, me #8220;You keep getting Strep throat, you must be depressed#8221;.

I decided to visit an ENT. It was a miracle. A tonsilectomy cured my depression! I#8217;m not surprised by the result. Antidepressants don#8217;t actually work very well for depression, either. Essay Reviewer! See, for example, this article: #8220;Antidepressants Versus Placebos: Meaningful Advantages Are Lacking#8221;, by Irving Kirsch, Ph.D., and David Antonuccio, Ph.D.

Psychiatric Times, September 2002, Vol. XIX, Issue 9. A board certified psychiatist. — Posted by uni coursework, MARK KLEIN, M.D. You#8217;re certified alright. I was prescribed Effexor for a non-psychiatric medical issue, to do what I assume they#8217;re supposed to do for back pain kill the what statement for steve jobs nerve endings to dull sensation in a certain area. At once point I was on 75 mg/day, which I later found out is uni coursework, a LOT. Penalty! I had no monitoring except at uni coursework, one point when i told my doctor i was taking 75/day and writing he said to start taking fewer over the course of uni coursework several months. I had no noticeable change in mental state when I went on them, but when I went off them finally, last summer, I was extremely irritable for essay poesie, about a month (including a quite embarrassing temper tantrumesque incident while playing tennis with my boyfriend and his parents).

The irritability went away but I#8217;m shocked sometimes to think about how much medication I was on when I didn#8217;t even have the condition the FDA approved it for! On the uni coursework other hand, the condition I originally had went away, so I guess it was worth it. From TPP #8212; such an interesting point. Who knows if the drugs helped your condition or if the condition just resolved on its own, over time? Also troubling that your physician didn#8217;t help you titrate off the drugs slowly to prevent the kind of death penalty emotional side-effects you experienced after stopping the drug.

When I was in practice as one of the #8220;scums of the earth#8221; better known as primary care physicians, I would have loved to have been able to turn over my patients to the appropriate providers. I could not because the uni coursework #8220;appropriate#8221; providers rarely had appointments available for disadvantages death penalty, my patients, when they did, they spent less than 15 minutes doing #8220;medication checks#8221;, and did not provide samples for the patients who could not afford medicines. Uni Coursework! As for disadvantages death, dropping my ego, did that a long time ago. As for uni coursework, my bottom line, that got crushed having to spend 30-60 minutes with depressed patients who could not be seen by specialists, and getting little to essay of dramatic, no reimbursement in return. Let#8217;s stop the uni coursework brickbats between medical disciplines and figure out what works for top paper, our patients.

Unbelievable. Uni Coursework! Prescribing anti-depressants for back pain is but one more glaring example of the rampant epidemic of inappropriate #8216;legalized#8217; drug abuse in this country. I was on amitrypteline intermittently for what good statement, chronic back pain (between 10 and uni coursework 50 mg), then switched to nortrypteline in services an effort to minimize the side effects of weight gain and constipation. Both of these drugs were originally intended to treat depression. Both gave me some initial weeks of relief and uni coursework then faded to have no effect whatsoever. Being in of discipline in student essay pain constantly can lead to depression, as it did with me. Uni Coursework! The side effects of these drugs were a challenge and good thesis statement my pain-related depression was not alleviated. After weaning off the pharmaceuticals I discovered the magic of fish oil 3000 mg a day has drastically reduced my pain, evened out uni coursework mood in a very subtle way, improved my good cholesterol and role of discipline life as an uni coursework unintended, but welcome consequence, improved my skin. Disadvantages! FISH OIL!!

This is all part of my effort to adhere to an #8220;anti-inflammatory#8221; diet. Healing through nutrition is the best solution I#8217;ve found in uni coursework nearly three years of roller-coaster pain management, and dozens of essay reviewer modalities of intervention. Brian (#14)You could be right. Anyone trying for the White House, as I did this year, suggests someone is uni coursework, not quite in time of the their right mind! Definitely back on the right mental track having lost badly in the New Hampshire primary and left the race to resume my sweet life in my little spot of uni coursework Oakland paradise.

I got out and about in Iowa and New Hampshire to meet the voters face to face. Really think this country gone more than a little nuts with casino gambling just about everywhere, people drowning themselves in debt, and a bread and circuses cultural milieu. Good! I billed myself as the #8220;National Shrink#8221;. I should have known I was going to lose. Uni Coursework! People usually didn#8217;t come to see me until they hit bottom in one form or another. The dark side of that observation is essay poesie, sometimes democracies in deep crisis wait too long and uni coursework end up with elected tyranies like the Nazis.

On the subject of antidepressants the reason people sometimes suicide on them is not the role of discipline drugs per uni coursework se but inappropriate prescribing. When folks with characteriological or behaviorial disturbances take them, as they improve they sometimes can#8217;t accept what hash they#8217;be made of what good their lives. A few comments, based on thirty years practicing internal medicine-we need to distinguish acute low back pain, which is usually self limited and likely to improve regardless of treatment, from chronic low back pain which often responds poorly to any treatment. A trial of low dose antidepressants seems worthwhile given the lack of other effective therapies. Low doses of uni coursework certain antidepressants may have analgesic effects separate from the antidepressant effects seen at higher doses.

Higher doses may benefit the in the time of the butterflies essay patient with concommitant depression. Statistical analyses ignore the fact that people vary widely in uni coursework their response to therapies, and death essay may conclude a therapy is ineffective, even when a subset of patients derive substantial benefit. We are not identical units off the assembly line. The antidepressants Wellbutrin and uni coursework Prozac together work terrifically well for me, one who#8217;s suffered depression for 40 years. In my extended family, over generations, are many whose bodies either do not utilize well, or do not produce enough neurotransmitters. Writing! We respond very well to antidepressants. An unanticipated bonus has been that symptoms of muscle and back pain, headaches, tiredness, protracted and severe menstrual cramps, and more, are largely relieved. Just one families#8217; experience, but it is a real one. Stories like this make me so sad. I have nothing but compassion for sufferers of pain and depression, mostly because I know that the drug dealers we call doctors will only reach for the prescription pad when it comes to addressing their issues. Several years ago I went through all this nonsense during a very bad bout of depression.

I was diagnosed as bipolar (I#8217;m not.) and then the so-called experts threw up their hands because I didn#8217;t respond well to any of the drugs. Uni Coursework! In the end I decided to take control of my own health. I reduced the stress in my life, I cut out most caffeine, stopped eating junk food, lost weight, got a job I didn#8217;t hategradually the depression lifted. As for essay poesie, my chronic lower back painyoga made it disappear. It took several years, but I know that I would have found no answers from what I call the disease-management industry. Of course everyone#8217;s situation is different, but sometimes the answer is right there in your hands.

Most prescription drugs according to valid scientific studies seem to do little or nothing exceptional for patients when the so-called #8220;gold standard#8221; is uni coursework, used, Except for generating profits most prescription drugs are casual in more deaths and harm than many of the disease listed leading causes of death. So this finding is no surprise to anyone who follows the latest reports about prescription drugs including the essay reviewer statins, psychotropices, the #8220;off-label#8221; and the placebo prescribing patterns of uni coursework physicians. I have been told for years by varoius doctors that anti-depressents would help my back pain. I have severe scoliosis and a disk that is almost gone at L5-S1 and a host of other back problems ,probably all related to scoliosis and 30 years of constuction work. About three years ago I went to a pain clinic and for steve jobs was sent for uni coursework, an MRI. Wow was all I could say when I looked at the train wreck that was supposed to be my spine. Disadvantages Death Essay! It was no wonder I was in so much pain.

I had a herniated disk two fused, two bulging disks and uni coursework arthritis in the spine not to mention the rest of the fun things that go along with scoliosis. I saw the Doctor for appx six months when Cymbalta hit the death penalty market. Uni Coursework! Next thing you know My Doc wants me to try it as she says it will help with the services pain. Well to make a long story short all the Cymbalta did was to send me into deep dive. If you read the uni coursework fine print, the information sheet that comes attached to the Rx it says that some people do not respond to treatment at is a statement, all. I think the number was something like 1 in 1000. Well I am that one. Not only did the drug do nothing for uni coursework, my back pain but I became so depressed that for 4 of the 6 weeks I took the drug I hardly did the dishes, didn#8217;t play with my dog and was miserable.

But, I thought as my Dr. Essay Reviewer! had said the bad side effects would be worth the relief I would gain. Uni Coursework! Wrong. The drug did nothing for my pain and almost killed me. I am the penalty essay one in a thousand that anti-depressents do not work for. Over the years I have tried about all of them as the Drs always said I was depressed, well no doubt. Uni Coursework! I am in constant pain, It does not take a Doctor to think that maybe depression and chronic pain go hand in hand. The problem lies when Dr.s refuse to essay poesie, listen to uni coursework, the patient. I told my Dr. that anti-depressents do not work for me. but, she almost forced me to take it. Essay Of Dramatic! I was afraid she would discharge me for arguing with her. So I tried this new drug for 6 weeks after week 2 I started feeling worse than I did before but I continued thinking maybe things would turn, around-they didn#8217;t. I could go on forever about how bad I felt.

What finally did help my depression was the the American Pain Foundation and uni coursework their discussion boards and chats for those who suffer from chronic pain. Is A Good Thesis Statement! There I can talk to others about pain w/o feeling like I am talking to a rock. My freinds didn#8217;t want to hear me, my family didn#8217;t either. But finally I found a group of people who listened and cared about how I felt. Uni Coursework! Talking helps but you need someone to listen. Anti-depressents work for some I am sure, but for me they didn#8217;t. They made me feel worse and convincing my Doctor was another story. She had a handful of reasons why I thought they didn#8217;t work. Of Dramatic! All I know is yes I am depressed. heck I am in pain 24/7 it makes sense.

But for her to not beleive me when I told her was just plain wrong. Their was a time when their were no ads on TV for pharmacuticles, but since that has changed and the way drug companies push their drugs on our population is wrong. They tell us take one of these and you will feel better. Well maybe for uni coursework, some but not all of us. I am so glad to role life, see this article and uni coursework study. I know I am still depressed but I know I can talk abou it without being judged now. I am in pain that is a given, I am depressed, that makes sense. I have no idea when or if the Social Security folks will allow me a hearing, I have been waiting almost two years. In my state(Alaska)you need a determination from Social Security before they will give you any medical help. Essay! But I will tell you this anti-depressants did not help with any of my problems and uni coursework I finally did find a Dr. Services! who listened and believed me when I told her that.

That was unexpected but I felt much better finally hearing her say #8220;well if they don#8217;t work, we won#8217;t go down that road#8221;. I will continue to wait for medical help from my state and I will be in pain untill then and maybe after also, but I will never take another anti-depressent again. I will continue to be a member of the American Pain Foundation, as there I can talk about my pain freely and that helps my depression and that helps my pain. It is a viscous circle, chronic pain and depression. For the drug companies to make claims like this is part of the game But you have to stand up for youself and uni coursework let your Dr. know when something isn#8217;t working. Do not let them talk you into something you do not want or are unsure of. Lokk it up, do some reasearch and then share it with your provider.

Be careful not to come off sounding like a #8220;internet know it all#8221; that will just cause more problems. Be an informed patient and let your Doc know you are going to check up on what they prescribe. And read, read, read, do not just blindly take anything they prescribe. Ask your pharmacist they are a wealth of information and often are glad to good thesis statement jobs, have a customer ask questions. They often know more about the drugs effects than your Dr. anyway as they see more people who take the drugs the Dr.s are prescribing. Uni Coursework! Thank you for publishing this article, and writing thank you for uni coursework, reading this comment. I apologize for getting off track, but it was so neat to see this study I just had to writing services, tell everybody how it affected me. Anti-depressents have their place but not in my medicine cabinet!

I#8217;ve had chronic lower back pain for uni coursework, almost 9 years. Essay Reviewer! When it started and uni coursework the pain was acute, my doctor put me on disadvantages Nortriptyline because the uni coursework pain was so bad, I could not stay asleep. It did help me sleep, but it gave me intense sugar cravings, and I gained a LOT of weight. I think what I really needed were better pain meds and disadvantages essay a decent physical therapist. I was told to walk, but my gait was off due to planar fasciitis, so it just made things worse.

Your health questions answered by Times journalists and uni coursework experts. Can You Safely Lose Weight While Breast-Feeding? As Boys Get Fatter, Parents Worry One Body Part Is Too Small. Get Well's Running email for practical tips, expert advice, exclusive content and a bit of motivation delivered to essay reviewer, your inbox every week to uni coursework, help you on your running journey. Essay! Coming soon.

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Sample Reviews from the Mental Measurements Yearbook. Below are three sample reviews like the ones you will find in the pages of the Mental Measurements Yearbook or online through Test Reviews Online. Most tests will have two reviews by two independent reviewers, and will contain descriptive information and an evaluation of the test's technical properties. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Information on uni coursework citations of test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ. Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults.

Purpose: Designed to essay reviewer estimate intellectual ability from uni coursework, a human figure drawing. Administration: Individual or group. Price Data, 2006: $99 per complete kit including examiner's manual (75 pages), 50 administration/scoring forms, and essay reviewer, 50 drawing forms; $45 per examiner's manual; $40 per 50 administration/scoring forms; $25 per 50 drawing forms. Authors: Cecil R. Reynolds and Julia A. Hickman. Review of the uni coursework, Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults by JONATHAN SANDOVAL, Professor of Education, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA:

DESCRIPTION. The Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults (DAP: IQ) consists of the evaluation of 23 features of a human figure drawing produced in response to the instruction draw a picture of yourself (examiner's manual, p. 5). Examinees are asked to draw a full figure from a frontal view. Each of the drawing features (e.g., eyes, clothing, arms) is death essay, individually scored from 0 to 1, 0 to 2, 0 to 3, or 0 to 4 points. A maximum score of 49 points is possible.

Raw scores may be converted into a single standard score, an IQ with a mean of 100 and uni coursework, standard deviation of 15, a T-score, a z-score, or a stanine. The manual also provides percentile ranks, age equivalents and grade equivalents. The test may be individually or group administered to individuals from age 4 years to 89 years and 11 months and is untimed. The time to administer and good jobs, score the uni coursework, test is from 8 to 15 minutes. Administration requires a pencil with eraser and drawing form. The administration/scoring form is used to record test information and the scoring of each drawing feature. The authors recommend that examiners using the measure be formally trained in writing services, assessment and have knowledge of current theories of cognitive development and neuropsychology. The examiner's manual is straightforward and provides technical information, normative data, and uni coursework, scoring examples. The test is not intended to provide a comprehensive evaluation of cognitive ability. The developers claim it offers a lower bound estimate that may supplement, and have less cultural specificity than, other intelligence tests. It may be inappropriate for of the, use with examinees who have visual or motor impairments.

DEVELOPMENT. The DAP: IQ is the latest in a long line of uni coursework measures aimed at using human figure drawings as estimates of cognitive ability. In the role essay, past, these measures have focused on uni coursework children, and the authors of this test wished to essay of dramatic poesie extend the applicability to uni coursework adults. Additionally, the authors hoped to develop a single set of criteria to be used across the in the of the essay on minerva, age span with both genders. Another goal was to uni coursework produce current norms, and to reduce the influence of motor skill on the scoring of essay reviewer figure drawings. TECHNICAL. Uni Coursework! Norms for the test were based on 2,295 individuals matched to U.S. Top Paper Services! Census data from 2001 with regard to geographic area, gender, race, Hispanic origin, family income, educational attainment of parents, and disability status. The normative sample was obtained by soliciting volunteer examiners from the publisher's customer files and setting up additional sites throughout the country with a focus on Texas. More protocols were collected than used in scoring, so the match to census information could be obtained. Samples were obtained at uni coursework each age from 4 to 16 and thereafter in essay, age ranges (10-year groupings from 19 to 40, a 15-year grouping from uni coursework, 40 to 55, a 5-year grouping from 60 to disadvantages penalty essay 75, and a 15-year grouping from 75 to uni coursework 90).

These age brackets of scores were developed from a continuous norming procedure and are consistent with cognitive developmental theory. There is some evidence of essay of dramatic poesie internal consistency and stability of the DAP: IQ score. The coefficient alpha estimates for the age groupings varied from .74 at age 4 to .87 at age 30-39, with a mean and median value of .82. The standard errors of measurement vary between 4 and 5 points. Uni Coursework! Alphas calculated by gender, ethnicity, and handedness indicate the same range of coefficients. The manual reports as evidence of reliability, correlations with scoring systems by role Koppitz and Goodenough-Harris by three scorers. These correlations are .85, .86, and .86. This information is more usually considered evidence of concurrent validity. Stability estimates over a short 1-week period yielded a test-retest correlation of .84 (n = 45). Interscorer reliability was estimated at .95 for uni coursework, protocols selected from across the sample, and at .91 for the more difficult-to-score age group of 6 to 11.

In all, the estimates of role life essay reliability are acceptable and uni coursework, comparable with the reliabilities found for other human figure drawing tests. The test developers provide validity information based on theory, on content, on response processes, on essay reviewer internal structure, and on relationship to other constructs. The scoring on uni coursework the tests across ages parallels the theoretical progress of the expression of fluid ability across the lifespan. The content of the test has been used historically to estimate general mental ability in several other measures. The partial point-biserial correlations between each item and the adjusted total are sufficient to suggest the items are tapping the same construct, as do the alpha statistics. A rationale for the test is that everyone regardless of culture or economic background commonly experiences the human figure. The content is also less influenced by essay reviewer education and the task is simple.

External evidence of validity includes total score correlations with scores derived from other scoring systems, and uni coursework, correlations with other established measures of intellectual functioning and penalty essay, achievement. Correlations between DAP: IQ total score and the Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude-Primary: Second Edition scores (all corrected for unreliability) are .60 for Nonverbal, .42 for Verbal, and .54 for General Mental Ability. For the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III correlations are .33 with Verbal, .49 with Performance, and .46 with Full Scale. Uni Coursework! The DAP: IQ correlates .39 with Woodcock Johnson-Revised (WJ-R) Broad reading, and .36 with Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Reading. Correlations with Math are .46 with WJ-R Broad math and .43 with WIAT Math. The authors report additional moderate correlations in death penalty, the same range for other subject scores on uni coursework these achievement measures for role of discipline in student life, children between 6 and 11 years of age. Both convergent and divergent validity data are reported.

The DAP: IQ has moderate correlations (around .40) with the uni coursework, Developmental Test of essay reviewer Visual Perception-Adolescent and Adult, a measure of visual and motor perception administered to standardization sample participants 11 years of age and up, and lower correlations (between .36 and .25) with the Developmental Test of uni coursework Visual-Motor Integration and Bender-Gestalt Test using the Koppitz scoring system for children ages 4 through 10, suggesting the test shares some variance with visual perceptual skill. Essay Of Dramatic! The low correlation of uni coursework .18 with a measure of motor speed, the composite score of the in the time of the essay on minerva, Comprehensive Trail Making Test, is evidence that the test does not tap rapid motor skill or sequencing ability. Very small correlations with scores from the Rey Complex Figure Test and Recognition Trial indicate that copying skill alone is uni coursework, not assessed by the DAP: IQ. The examiner's manual also presents data on subgroup performance. In the normative sample, there were no differences in role of discipline essay, means above the 4-point SEM for uni coursework, gender, handedness, or four of the five ethnic groups examined.

However, the African American mean was 6 points below average. A group from the standardization sample labeled mildly mentally retarded had a mean score of 77 and a group labeled learning disabled had a mean of 92 on the DAP: IQ. Essay Reviewer! The test developers addressed potential fairness issues by examining differential item functioning on the test by ethnicity and gender. The results showed moderate or large effect sizes for uni coursework, four items on gender, although they balanced each other, and no moderate or large effect sizes in the race and ethnic comparisons. COMMENTARY. Human figure drawing measures offer a useful adjunct to the assessment of intellectual functioning. The DAP: IQ has a large normative base, is quick to role of discipline in student administer, and is easy to score. The norms would only seem to approximate roughly the geographical distribution of the population, because much of the data are from Texas, and uni coursework, many samples of convenience were combined to produce them.

However, the penalty, norms are based on a larger sample than other similar measures, have been examined with sophisticated psychometric methods, and are more current. Much more evidence on reliability and validity will be needed, as the uni coursework, manual reports only the disadvantages penalty, minimum necessary to uni coursework meet standards. Essay Reviewer! For example, studies could be done testing multiple drawings done at the same time (Draw yourself and someone of the opposite gender) and across somewhat longer spans of time. Uni Coursework! The test developers have not mentioned why they have excluded parallel forms of the test as are found on other drawing tests. Most of the validity information to date has been collected on children up to age 12. More studies with other age groups and with other well-validated verbal and nonverbal measures of intellectual functioning need to be done before the test may be confidently used with adolescents and adults. In Student Life Essay! A major use of the uni coursework, test may be with English language learners because of its nonverbal nature. The language status of the Latino and time butterflies essay, Asian children in the standardization sample and other research samples was not discussed.

Studies of the performance of the DAP: IQ with English language learners would be welcome to justify this application of the test. The test developers claim that the estimate of intellectual functioning on this test is a lower bound estimate, but this assertion will need to be validated, as some children and adults may have domain specific skill in uni coursework, drawing that exceeds their general cognitive ability. SUMMARY. Time Of The Essay! The DAP: IQ authors have succeeded in providing a successor to the Goodenough Harris Drawing Test (T7:1084) and others. It can be used for rough screening and verifying other test results, particularly when language is an issue. It has been developed using modern constructs and uni coursework, modern psychometric methods. The reliability and validity information, although somewhat limited, justify the cautious and judicious use of the test.

All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Information on citations of test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ. Purpose: To measure visuo-spatial learning and recall. Scores, 5 : Learning Index, Displacement Score, Total Displacement Score, Delayed Recall, Delayed Recognition. Price Data, 2006 : L113.50 per complete kit including manual (15 pages), 25 scoring sheets, test grids, practice grids, and picture cards; L35.50 per 50 scoring sheets. Authors: Romola S. Bucks, Jonathan R. Top Paper Writing! Willison, and Lucie M. T. Uni Coursework! Byrne. Publisher: Harcourt Assessment [England]. Review of the Location Learning Test by what thesis statement jobs ANITA M. HUBLEY, Associate Professor of Measurement, Evaluation, and Research Methodology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada:

DESCRIPTION. The Location Learning Test (LLT) is an uni coursework individually administered measure of visuospatial learning, recall, and time butterflies on minerva, recognition designed for older adults. The authors claim it will be particularly useful to professionals interested in the effects of aging, dementia, or drugs/alcohol. There are two forms of the test. Each begins with a practice trial; if the examinee fails the practice trial, testing stops. Otherwise, the examinee is shown a 5x5 grid on uni coursework which 10 common objects are pictured. The examinee observes the layout of the objects for 30 seconds before he or she is provided with a blank grid and asked to place cards showing the objects, one by one, in the correct squares of the grid. There are five learning trials, although testing may stop earlier if the examinee scores perfectly on two consecutive trials. After a 15-minute interval, either delayed recall or recognition may be administered, but not both. For the delayed recognition task, the examiner combines the 20 cards showing the common objects from Versions A and B and, one by one, asks whether each picture was on the grid or not. The administration instructions are clear and easy to follow.

The authors do not describe how long it takes to administer the test, but it should take about in the butterflies, 30 minutes (including the delay interval). Uni Coursework! Recording performance and top paper, computing displacement scores (i.e., the total number of squares away from correct placement for objects) for each trial is quick and easy. Four key scores are computed. The Total Displacement Score is the sum of the displacement scores on each trial. The Learning Index shows the uni coursework, rate of improvement across the learning trials. A calculator is needed to top paper services avoid errors in uni coursework, computing the ratios used to obtain the role in student, average improvement.

The Delayed Recall Score shows the amount of information forgotten over the delay interval. Finally, the uni coursework, Discrimination Index reflects the ability to discriminate target items from distractors on the recognition task. No information is provided about time of the butterflies essay on minerva, how long it takes to uni coursework score performance. DEVELOPMENT. In developing the time essay, LLT, the authors wanted a visuospatial test that would (a) assess learning and recall of visuospatial information, (b) be appropriate for older adults, and (c) not require complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. The authors trace the origins of the LLT to some informal work (manual, p. Uni Coursework! 3) by Shallice and essay reviewer, Warrington in the early 1980s and an experimental version developed by a Master's student of one of the authors in 1986. An early version of the test (Bucks Willison, 1997) consisted of uni coursework a single form with 10 colored line drawings of common objects (9 of which differed from the objects in the current LLT) and a 30-minute delayed recall. A recognition trial was administered after the first learning trial. Role In Student! The 5x5 grid was selected because it could not be easily divided into uni coursework, quadrants by examinees; objects were placed randomly with the restriction that none would be placed in the corners.

The locations of objects for Version B are the same as for Version A, but have been rotated 180 degrees. Overall, however, little detail is provided about the top paper writing services, development of the LLT. For example, no information is provided about why 10 objects were used, how specific objects were selected for uni coursework, the test, whether objects in both versions are equally common, why a 30-second observation period was selected, why five learning trials were selected, why a 15-minute delay interval was selected, how the role in student life essay, scoring approach (i.e., displacement scores) was developed, and how the final set of scores was selected. TECHNICAL. The standardization sample for LLT Version A consisted of 186 community-dwelling men and women ages 50 to 96 years living in England. Uni Coursework! The majority of the sample was from the writing services, Bristol area (n = 128). Uni Coursework! No information is provided about race/ethnicity of the sample and, although the authors tried to thesis statement jobs obtain a sample from a range of social classes and obtained National Adult Reading Test (NART) estimates of IQ, the sample is not necessarily representative of the larger population. Normative data are provided separately by uni coursework age group (50-69, 70+ years) and NART-IQ group (85-99, 100-114, 115+).

A 2 x 3 x 4 (gender x NART-IQ group x age decade) ANOVA was conducted to determine the normative groups to be used; however, it is unclear how many men and women were obtained in each age decade and the small sample size raises concerns about the statistical power of the analyses and thus the selection of normative groupings. Disadvantages Penalty! As the authors noted, the norms are not appropriate for individuals with NART-IQs less than 85 and caution should be exercised when using the norms for individuals with NART-IQs in the 85-99 range. Uni Coursework! Norms are provided in the form of percentile ranks for Total Displacement Score, Learning Index, and Delayed Recall Score and top paper, a 5% cutoff score for the Delayed Recognition Discrimination Index. Uni Coursework! Although the entire standardization sample completed all five trials of the LLT, the norms for Delayed Recall and Delayed Recognition are based on very small groups as participants only completed one of these tasks. Meaningful estimates of reliability for memory tests are often difficult to obtain due to features such as item interdependence within and between trials and in the butterflies, practice or recall effects. In the present case, parallel forms reliability was sought using LLT Version B, which was completed by a subsample of only 49 individuals and could not be examined by age and NART-IQ group. The majority of this group (n = 31) completed Version A first and Version B 1 week later; the uni coursework, rest completed the tests in the reverse order. The two versions correlated .71 for the Total Displacement Score and essay reviewer, .49 for the Learning Index. The correlation of the two versions at delay was not reported. Very limited validity evidence is provided to support inferences made from the LLT.

The test manual reports that correlations between the LLT Learning Index and two visual tasks (the Design Learning subtest of the Adult Memory and Information Processing Battery [Coughlan Hollows, 1985] and the Shapes test from Doors and People [Baddeley, Emslie, Nimmo-Smith, 1994]) were in the low moderate range (rs = .49 and .44, respectively) but were higher than the correlation (rs = .22) with the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (Brandt, 1991) in a sample of uni coursework 47 older adults. Correlations between the LLT Displacement Score and both the Design Learning subtest and the HVLT were similarly low (rs = -.24 and -.29) whereas the correlation with the Shapes test was slightly higher (rs = -.37). This is poesie, fairly weak evidence. Further validation work is needed, including contrasted or known groups validity that shows LLT performance differs between cognitively intact and uni coursework, impaired samples. For example, some promising preliminary work conducted with an earlier version of the LLT showed performance differed between small groups of cognitively intact elderly and dementia patients (Bucks Willison, 1997), but this needs to be shown with the current version of the test. COMMENTARY. The LLT is a brief and easy test to administer that shows a great deal of promise. Its key strengths are that it has ecological validity for older adults and does not rely on complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. Scoring is not too difficult but does require a calculator. The norms need to be strengthened using a larger and perhaps more ethnically and geographically diverse sample.

The evidence supporting the parallel forms reliability of Versions A and B is not convincing enough to recommend using the norms with Version B. Role Of Discipline Essay! In future development of the LLT, the authors might consider using statistical equating procedures to equate performance on Versions A and uni coursework, B. Top Paper Services! Most critically, however, validity evidence is extremely limited. It is uni coursework, surprising that a test that the authors describe as particularly useful to . those concerned with the is a statement for steve, effects of dementia and ageing, as well as the effects of uni coursework drugs and stressors such as alcohol, benzodiazepines and cholinesterases (manual, p. 4) is presented without any validity evidence to thesis statement jobs back up these claims. Once appropriate validity evidence is obtained, the manual would benefit from the addition of uni coursework specific recommendations to assist test users with interpretation of the results (e.g., case studies with different profiles of performance or different clinical groups). SUMMARY. Disadvantages Essay! The LLT was designed to uni coursework be an individually administered measure of disadvantages death penalty visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition for older adults that would be of particular use to professionals interested in the effects of aging, dementia, and drugs/alcohol. The test meets its goal of assessing visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition in an ecologically valid manner and stands out uni coursework, from the majority of visuospatial tests in that it does not rely on complex motor control or drawing ability. Unfortunately, very little validity evidence is provided to support the inferences to be made from the LLT and the lack of known groups validity evidence, in particular, means the LLT cannot be recommended for thesis statement for steve jobs, clinical use at this time. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by uni coursework the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent.

Information on citations of test reviews can be found on top paper writing the Buros website under FAQ. Purpose: Designed for adult probation and parole risk and needs assessment. Population: Adult probationers and parolees. Scores: 8 scales: Truthfulness, Alcohol, Drugs, Resistance, Aggressivity, Violence, Antisocial, Stress Coping Abilities. Price Data: Available from publisher. Comments: Both computer version and uni coursework, paper-pencil formats are scored using IBM-PC compatibles; audio (human voice) administration option available.

Author: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Publisher: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Cross Reference: For a review by Tony Toneatto, see 12:338. Review of the SAQ--Adult Probation III by ROBERT SPIES, Associate Director, Buros Institute of Mental Measurements, University of Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, and MARK COOPER, Training Specialist, Center on Children, Families the Law, University of Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE: DESCRIPTION.

The Substance Abuse Questionnaire--Adult Probation III (SAQ) is a 165-item test, administered either by paper-and-pencil or computer. All items are of the selection type (predominantly true/false and multiple-choice). Risk levels and recommendations are generated for each of eight scales: Alcohol, Drug, Aggressivity, Antisocial, Violence, Resistance, Stress Coping, and death, Truthfulness. The Truthfulness scale is meant to uni coursework identify test-takers who attempt to minimize or conceal their problems. Nonclinical staff can administer, score, and interpret the SAQ. Data must be entered from an answer sheet onto essay, a PC-based software diskette. The computer-generated scoring protocol produces on-site test results--including a printed report--within several minutes. Uni Coursework! For each of the eight scales, the report supplies a percentile score, a risk categorization, an explanation of the poesie, risk level, and (for most scales) a recommendation regarding treatment or supervision. The percentile score apparently is based on uni coursework the total number of problem-indicative items that are endorsed by time of the butterflies on minerva the test-taker. According to the Orientation and Training Manual, each raw score then is truth-corrected through a process of adding back into each scale score the amount of error variance associated with a person's untruthfulness (p.

8). The adjusted percentile score is reported as falling within one of four ascending levels of risk (low, medium, problem, severe problem). The responsible staff person is expected to uni coursework use information from the report, along with professional judgment, to identify the of discipline in student, severity of risk and uni coursework, needs and to develop recommendations for intervention. DEVELOPMENT. Time! This SAQ is the latest version (copyright, 1997) of a test that has been under development since 1980. Uni Coursework! The original SAQ, intended for assessment of adult substance abuse, has been adapted for use in risk and needs assessment with adult probation and parole clients. Of Discipline In Student Life Essay! Two scales--the Antisocial and Violence scales--have been added since development of the SAQ in 1994. Materials furnished by the developer (including an Orientation and Training Manual and An Inventory of Scientific Findings) provide minimal information regarding initial test development. The definitions provided for each scale are brief and relatively vague. The constructs underlying several scales appear to overlap (e.g., the Aggressivity and Violence scales), but little has been done to theoretically or empirically discriminate between these scales. No rationale is offered in the manual for how these scales fit together to measure an uni coursework overarching construct of what is a good statement for steve substance abuse.

The developer cites no references to current research in the area of substance abuse. TECHNICAL. Information describing the norming process is vague. The Orientation manual makes reference to local standardization, and annual restandardization, but does not provide details. In one section the developer claims to have standardized the SAQ on the Department of Corrections adult offender population (p.

7). In another report, standardization is said to have eventually incorporated adult probation populations throughout the United States (An Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. 5). One might assume, based on the citing of uni coursework SAQ research studies involving literally thousands of probationers that the in student essay, recency and relevance of norms is uni coursework, beyond question. The developer, however, has not provided the documentary evidence needed to justify this assumption. The developer has investigated--and found--gender differences on some scales with certain groups to whom the test has been administered. In response, gender-specific norms have been established for disadvantages death, those groups (usually on a statewide basis). There is no evidence that other variables such as ethnicity, age, or education have been taken into account in uni coursework, the norm-setting process. The items selected for use in the test have several commonalities. Most items focus on personal behaviors, perceptions, thoughts, and attitudes and are linked in disadvantages, a direct and uni coursework, very obvious way to the content of associated scales (e.g., I am concerned about my drinking, from the of dramatic poesie, Alcohol scale). Almost all items are phrased in the socially undesirable direction; agreeing with the item points to the existence of a problem or a need for uni coursework, intervention. The developer acknowledges that the items may appear to some people as intrusive, and that clients are likely to minimize or under-report their problems.

In the SAQ, the response to this concern has been the inclusion of the Truthfulness scale and calculation of truth-corrected scale scores. Unfortunately, the statistical procedures underlying this important score correction are neither identified nor defended. Internal consistency for the individual subscales of the is a thesis for steve jobs, SAQ has been well-established by a large number of developer-conducted studies that report Cronbach alpha estimates generally in the .80s to .90s. These high values for internal consistency may in part be explained by uni coursework the similarity of the items within each scale (i.e., repetition of the same basic question, using slightly different words or context). Evidence of other reliability estimates (other than for internal consistency) to support this instrument generally are lacking. The Inventory of Scientific Findings cites only one study in which a test-retest reliability coefficient was reported. Essay Reviewer! Administering an early version (1984) of the SAQ to a small sample of 30 college students (not substance abusers or legal offenders), a test-retest correlation coefficient of .71 was found across an interval of uni coursework one week. Evidence to support the validity of the SAQ is limited. Some concurrent validity evidence is presented, in the form of multiple studies showing modest correlations between some SAQ scales and subscales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI).

The developer indicates that the MMPI was selected for top paper, this validity study because it is the most researched, validated and widely used objective personality test in the United States (Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. Uni Coursework! 14). This explanation, however, does not suffice as a rationale for use of the MMPI to support concurrent validity; and services, no theoretical framework is provided about uni coursework, how the SAQ subscales relate to the personality constructs underlying the MMPI. In other reported studies, the SAQ is shown to be modestly correlated with polygraph examinations and the Driver Risk Inventory (DRI). Again, the developer does not adequately specify how any correlation between these measures advances the efforts at validation. Of The Butterflies Essay! The studies cited, and the validation process in uni coursework, general, do not meet accepted psychometric standards for substantiating validity evidence established in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, NCME, 1999). These same deficiencies were noted in the prior review of the SAQ (12:338), but no corrective action appears to have been taken. COMMENTARY. Of Discipline! The value of the SAQ as a measure of substance abuse severity with criminal justice populations seems to uni coursework be compromised on a number of levels.

First, the test lacks a clear focus. Only two of eight scales deal directly with substance abuse, and the developer has made no attempt to combine the scale scores into some form of aggregate substance abuse severity score. Given this, the test name is a bit misleading, and the test itself probably is most wisely judged on the basis of the eight individual scales. Second, there are concerns--previously noted--about the individual scales and items selected for of the essay on minerva, the scales. Included within those concerns are lack of construct articulation, lack of construct differentiation among scales, the predominance of items that are phrased in a socially undesirable direction, and homogeneity of uni coursework item content within scales. Item phrasing and the bluntness of the items (e.g., I am a violent person, from the Violence scale) would appear to invite problems with response sets.

The use of truth-corrected scores to handle problems with test-taker denial cannot be fairly evaluated due to time of the butterflies on minerva insufficient information from the developer. Last, caution in uni coursework, the interpretation of reported risk levels and risk level recommendations must be advised. The developer, for example, has determined that percentile scale scores falling within a given percentile interval represent a medium risk level, whereas scale scores falling within a contiguous but higher interval of scores qualify for a problem risk level. There is no clarification, however, of the essay reviewer, meaning of the labels medium and problem. Uni Coursework! Further, there are no statements regarding how the two risk levels are to be discriminated from one another, and no identification of essay reviewer outcomes (or probabilities of outcomes) that are tied to the levels. The categorization of uni coursework scores into risk levels essentially amounts to implementation of three cut scores on each scale. Given the developer's failure to ascertain or cope with errors of measurement, the risk level interpretations and their corresponding recommendations are substantially compromised.

SUMMARY. The developers, to essay of dramatic poesie their credit, have produced a risk assessment instrument that can be administered, scored, and interpreted in a relatively efficient and cost-effective manner. Uni Coursework! They have considered thorny issues such as denial on the part of test-takers and gender differences in the norming process, but the top paper, differential impact of ethnicity and age has not been addressed. An earnest attempt has been made to provide risk assessment information and recommendations that are pertinent to the demands of the uni coursework, criminal justice practitioner. On balance, however, the SAQ falls far short of the mark. Insufficient reliability or validity evidence exists to assert that the test consistently or accurately measures any of its associated constructs. There is essay reviewer, continued doubt, in the words of the prior reviewer of the SAQ, that the test conveys any useful information additional to simply asking the client if they have an alcohol-drug problem, if they are violent, and how they cope with stress (Toneatto, 1995, p. Uni Coursework! 891).

Readers seeking an alternative test for a substance abusing population may wish to consider tests such as the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI).

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to uni coursework, start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Essay Poesie. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Uni Coursework. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to time of the butterflies essay on minerva, highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at uni coursework, hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience).

Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about in the butterflies essay, what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. Uni Coursework. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on essay of dramatic poesie the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on uni coursework a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Of Dramatic Poesie. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of uni coursework, this as your brag file . What Is A Good Jobs. 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to uni coursework, what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the what is a for steve jobs, hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. Uni Coursework. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. Thesis Statement For Steve. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and uni coursework focus on making the essay, rest of uni coursework, your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is in the time of the butterflies on minerva, listed first) is still your best bet.

Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and uni coursework important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. Role In Student Life Essay. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to uni coursework, tell your whole story on top paper services one page, or want to uni coursework, be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to essay reviewer, have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and uni coursework then include a link to disadvantages death, your personal website , where you can dive more into uni coursework what makes you the ideal candidate. Disadvantages Death Penalty. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of uni coursework, good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple.

Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Penalty. Make your resume easy on uni coursework hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and essay of dramatic poesie 12 and leaving a healthy amount of uni coursework, white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on essay reviewer readability for uni coursework the hiring manager. Essay Of Dramatic Poesie. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the uni coursework, sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to in the, add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10.

Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on uni coursework the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in disadvantages as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in uni coursework getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of disadvantages death penalty, your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13.

Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only uni coursework show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. Disadvantages Death. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the uni coursework, bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on essay your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and uni coursework then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of essay reviewer, why you’re ideal for uni coursework the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. Is A Good Thesis Statement Jobs. No matter how good your bullets are, the uni coursework, recruiter just isn’t going to get through them.

Check out these tips for of dramatic writing impressive bullet points . Uni Coursework. You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to what is a good thesis for steve, be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of uni coursework, them. Use as many facts, figures, and writing services numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to uni coursework, your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out what thesis statement these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. Uni Coursework. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across.

Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on death penalty essay your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on uni coursework which words to include?

Dump the job description into essay reviewer a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . Uni Coursework. We bet there’s a better way to what is a good thesis statement for steve jobs, describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to uni coursework, college. 25.

Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the writing, most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the uni coursework, reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. Services. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from uni coursework, college with high honors, absolutely make note of services, it. While you don’t need to uni coursework, list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at services, your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education.

Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Uni Coursework. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to life, get the skills you need for uni coursework your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to disadvantages, a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks!

Feel free to include an uni coursework “Interests” section on essay your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about uni coursework, it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial.

Maybe you help raise money for your church on disadvantages death penalty the reg. Uni Coursework. Or perhaps you have a penchant for time butterflies on minerva canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by uni coursework, someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the essay reviewer, decision of whether to uni coursework, include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for time of the on minerva having the uni coursework, company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them.

Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about essay poesie, your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Uni Coursework. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of in the butterflies essay on minerva, years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to uni coursework, new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the essay of dramatic poesie, reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the uni coursework, workforce after a long hiatus? This is the essay reviewer, perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments.

Then, get into uni coursework your career chronology, without hesitating to essay of dramatic poesie, include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and uni coursework intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them.

There’s no need to what good thesis statement jobs, address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on uni coursework spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to what thesis statement, take a look at uni coursework, it for poesie you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). Uni Coursework. If emailing your resume, make sure to what is a good statement, always send a PDF rather than a .doc. Uni Coursework. That way all of essay reviewer, your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of uni coursework, HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of essay reviewer, “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in.

When your resume is updated on uni coursework a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of essay reviewer, writing on uni coursework the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com.

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etl ssis resume Mr. Sanchez is uni coursework, a Senior Business Intelligence Solution Architect with over ten plus years of experience in the Information Technology (IT) industry in helping clients align IT strategies with corporate strategic objectives across all departments, divisions, and locations. Mr. Sanchez has demonstrated and/or proven ability to effectively communicate with all levels of management and disadvantages death essay, lead complete project life cycles, from initial planning and needs determination to uni coursework, final testing and in the time essay on minerva, deployment of financial reporting systems in a client/server architecture and network environment. Throughout his IT consulting career, Mr. Sanchez has led over a dozen of business intelligence projects for clients in uni coursework, the automotive services, energy/commodity, retail, sports and recreation, insurance, healthcare, telecommunication, and financial services industries.

Mr. Sanchez continues to be involved with every phase of the life cycle development, including feasibility studies, design, and coding for large and in the essay, medium business intelligence projects. He has acquired over the years a comprehensive understanding of database design and methodology from uni coursework, multiple perspectives (user, designer, and developer) and has hands-on experience in designing, developing, and implementing Extraction, Transformation, and Load (ETL) techniques on multiple database platforms and essay, operating system environments using today's cutting edge technology. Mr. Sanchez is uni coursework, detail oriented and committed to delivering superior quality work.

Nov 1998 - Current. Mar 1997 #150; Dec 1998. Jun 1994 #150; Mar 1997. Butler Technology Solutions, Inc. Data Mart Architect/Oracle DBA. Nov 1993 #150; May 1994.

Analysts International Corporation. Jul 1992 #150; Mar 1993. Lead Application Developer. Jun 1991 #150; Aug 1991. Orange County Information Services. Jun 1989 #150; Aug 1989. Orange County Information Services. IBM 4381, 3090, AS/400, SUN, IBM Compatible. UNIX(Solaris 2.7), Windows 95/NT/2000/XP, OS/2 2.11, VMS, IDS/MVS, OS/400,

Perl, SQL, PL/SQL, Visual Basic 6,C/C++, Pro*C, JavaScript, HTML, VBScript, ActiveX Script, COBOL II, APPC, JCL, CICS/VS. Oracle Data Integrator 11g(Formerly known as Sunopsis), SQL Server 2008 SSIS, Oracle 11g, Sunopsis, SQL Server 2000 (DTS,Analysis Services), Informatica PowerMart v5, Oracle Express, Essbase v3.2 and v6.0, DB2/400, DB2/2, MS Access 97, PowerDesigner 6.1, ERWIN 3, Oracle Enterprise Manager, Transformation Server for the AS/400, Transformation Server for MS Windows NT. QlikView, Business Objects XI R2, MS Visual Studio 2008, OpenLink Endur v52r2, Cognos Impromtu and essay reviewer, PowerPlay, Cognos PowerPlay Web Edition, Cognos Impromptu Web Reports, Informatica, Commander 4.2, DMLan 4, TSO/ISPF, MS Internet Information Server 4.0, MS Site Server 3.0 Commerce Edition, MS Transaction Server 2.0, MS Index Server, MS Developer Studio97, As a member of the Shared Application Services team,managed a team of QlikView platform engineers responsible for uni coursework, supporting over 4,700 users globally, 264 QlikView applications, and 124 Windows 2008 servers across multiple locations within the Shared Application Services at Deutsch Bank. Oversaw the essay of dramatic poesie, shared platform, day to day requests, book of work, and roadmap strategy. Worked closely with project/program management as well domain leads with on-boarding of applications to the shared platform. Managed risks, issues, and uni coursework, escalations in the day to is a good thesis statement, day operation of the shared platform. Reviewed and signed off of new applications and ensured applications on-boarded adhere to QlikView best practices and uni coursework, industry standards. Reviewed and approved weekly production changes in order to prevent risk of failure and guarantee system stability. Planned and/or conducted major hardware, network, software, and operating system upgrades and disadvantages death penalty, migrations. Uni Coursework? Ensured all audit compliance issues were closed on time and thesis jobs, no outstanding risks or gaps on uni coursework scorecards.

Created and managed $450K annual budget, purchased hardware, and software. Ensured all essential maintenance CTB projects were delivered on time and within budget; oversaw CTB delivery that is regulatory mandated to ensure regulatory deadlines were met. Served as the ETL Architect/Senior ODI Developer in writing services, the development of a custom built Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW)/Cognos initiative that support the company’s Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) and investment services at Brown Brother Harriman Corporation; the newly built ETF EDW eliminated extensive use of Excel macros and improved efficiency, productivity and most of all reduced risk. Thus, enhancing the current workflow/process and increasing the number of uni coursework, funds, baskets, and clients. Essay Of Dramatic? Developed ETL processes using Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) 11g to extract, transform, and uni coursework, load the operation data (i.e., Authorized Participant, Basket Fund, Basket Market Value, Securities, Sponsor, Trader) from the transactional business systems, Eagle Star, into role of discipline life essay the Data Warehouse repository. Set up and configured the Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) 11g with multiple Master Repositories in a three-tier environment and performed periodic upgrades when required. Performed detail data analysis of both data elements requested by the business and data sources; documented data source definition, source-to-target mapping, and logical structures to support the uni coursework, ETL batch process. Created Oracle database objects such as tables, views, indexes, triggers, procedures, and functions to support the Oracle Data Integrator Solutions and Cognos Reporting system. Provided additional support, guidance, and training in the deployment of the Oracle Data Integrator solution in various environments such as integration, QA, and top paper writing services, production which included automation of uni coursework, production release of ODI Scenarios and disadvantages death essay, database objects. Helped estimating ETL project tasks and defining project scope. Served as one of the ETL Architect/Informatica Developer in the deployment of a custom built ETL strategy in supporting the implementation of an Enterprise Data Warehousing/OBIEE initiative that collected, cleansed, and integrated the company’s data (i.e., membership, inventory, allocation, owner/customer, reservations) from a newly developed transactional business systems.

Worked closely with other team members and business users in understanding the business requirements and the source operational systems. Performed detail data analysis of both data elements requested by the business and transactional source systems. Estimated ETL project tasks and helped project manager defining scope. Uni Coursework? Documented data source definition and ETL specification (a.k.a., logical source-to-target mapping) for each environment (i.e., staging, central repository, data mart). Managed a small offshore team in the development of the ETL processes using Informatica PowerCenter V9.1 in a Linux/Oracle11g environment, which included weekly code reviews to disadvantages, ensure standards and uni coursework, best development and top paper, design practices. Created, executed, and uni coursework, maintained QA test plans for each environment (i.e., staging, central repository, data mart). Served as a Lead ETL Developer/DB2 Developer in in the time of the butterflies essay on minerva, the enhancement of an existing custom ETL framework that collected, cleansed, And integrated the company’s performance data (i.e., cash-flows, liquidity positions) from various operational source systems.

The enhancements were part of an uni coursework, overall initiative in improving an internal custom built Liquidity Risk Management System (LRSMS) that supported and provided Bank of America Corporate Treasury executives, senior managers, and business analyst with analytical reporting capability on the company’s liquidity position, sources and uses of cash, forecasting of cash flows and disadvantages essay, stress test modeling, funding counterparties, and uni coursework, developing funding plan as needed. Major contributions and/or accomplishments included: designing and essay reviewer, developing an ETL component that dynamically constructed in real time the SQL to load over 100 source feeds into the Liquidity Position fact table using a Meta Data strategy; designing and developing an ETL process that mapped custom products and/or services hierarchical relationship with the company’s general ledger products for uni coursework, reporting purposes; developing DB2 objects such as tables, views, indexes, triggers, procedures, and functions to support the ETL Meta Data Rule component; providing support, guidance, and training in the deployment of the solution in various environments such as integration, QA, and production; and of the essay, creating database objects to support the development of Spotfire reports to allow users access to source reference data; The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development and deployment of the solution: DB2 V9.7, DB2 V9.7 SQL Procedure, Windows, Linux, LRM Studio, Toad For DB2 V4.7, and Spotfire Client and Server. Served as a Lead ETL Developer/Data Architect in the deployment of the uni coursework, agency Auction Securities Data Warehouse in order to disadvantages death penalty, make easier access of auction securities data, provide analytics, trending and comparisons, reporting and exporting capabilities that support the business needs, but most of all increase data utilization, and improve customer services and productivity. Primary responsibilities included but not limited to performing source-to-target mapping, installing and creating Oracle11g database objects (i.e., views, tables, functions), architecting and developing of uni coursework, a custom ETL framework that consisted of over 144 processes using Oracle native language (PL/SQL). The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development and essay poesie, deployment of the solution: Oracle11g, Oracle PL/SQL, and Business Objects 3.1 (i.e., Universe, Webi).

Served as a Senior Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) Developer in the development of the company's budget, forecast, and capital planning reporting system in order to uni coursework, improve the cycle time of the current planning process, reduce the dependency on Excel and other proprietary tools for data entry and reporting, and provide property and disadvantages essay, department level budgeting/forecasting so as to produce a consolidated budget and forecast. Primary responsibility include but not limited to installing and configuring the Oracle Data Integrator software tool in uni coursework, a three-tier environment and performing periodic upgrades, performing source-to-target mappings, storage capacity planning, developing ETL processes using the Oracle Data Integrator 10g (formerly called Sunopsis) to of dramatic poesie, update the Hyperion Planning and several Hyperion Essbase 11g applications including updates to uni coursework, meta data for various dimensions and loading of raw data; Other tasks include creating scripts such as load rules, calc, and Maxl to clear the Hyperion Essbase applications in order to in student, facilitate the ETL processes, creating MS SQL Server 2008 SQL scripts and database objects in order to establish various environments such as development, test, and production, and creating Smart Views in uni coursework, order to test and validate the disadvantages death penalty essay, loading of raw data into the Hyperion Essbase application. Served as a Senior Business Intelligence Solution Architect in defining, developing, and enhancing of two separate custom DW/BI systems for the corporate loans and investment business units. Primary responsibility include but not limited to coordinating, planning, and conducting interviews with various business users in identifying and capturing business requirements, defining and developing project scope/plan, creating and uni coursework, developing two separate multi-dimensional data models using the Ralph Kimball methodology, performing source-to-target mapping, building database schemas in an Oracle8i environment which included creating scripts and procedures for production migration, and building two separate ETL batch processes (over 120 packages) using MS SQL Server 2008 Integration Services (SSIS) . Note: the role of discipline life essay, ETL processes were originally developed in MS SQL Server 2000 DTS and later migrated to the new platform. Uni Coursework? Additional tasks include the disadvantages penalty, creation of uni coursework, a custom analytical application using MS SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services for the investment services in order to essay of dramatic poesie, track primary and uni coursework, secondary commission by region and salesperson, the migration of the original reporting solution to Business Objects Enterprise (BOE) XI R2, the creation of the migration procedures for installing and configuring BOE in a production environment, performing BOE software upgrade and patch installation in the development environment, creating and developing of of dramatic, BOE Web Intelligence reports, training business users in how to navigate through BOE Info View and creating and accessing reports. Served as a Data Warehouse Architect/Consultant in uni coursework, the enhancement and development of a SAP Business Warehouse application at Pitney Bowes Corporation. Death Penalty? Responsibilities included but not limited to uni coursework, conducting intereviews with executives, senior managers, SME's, business analysts, and essay reviewer, technical staff in uni coursework, capturing and understanding business requirements, and defining project scope; performed detail data analysis of both data elements requested by the business and data source (IMS and SAP R/3), and documenting data source definition, source-to-target mapping, and logical structures for statement for steve, the data warehouse/data mart; translated business requirements into dimensional data model to support the billing/invoice data mart using Erwin; communicated and/or provided knowledge transfer to consultant (SAP BW Developers), both on and offshore, in uni coursework, the development and time of the, support of the project (SAP BW). The following tools and/or technologies were used in uni coursework, the development: MS Windows 2000, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, SAP BW, Erwin, and Qualiware. Served as a Data Warehouse Specialist/Consultant in disadvantages death penalty, the enhancement and uni coursework, development of an enterprise data warehouse/business intelligence application for the automotive services at Automotive Finance Corporation.

Primary focus and/or development efforts were in the reengineering of the ETL processes using the Oracle Data Integrator (formerly known as Sunopsis) tool. Additional tasks included the creation of schema objects (tables, views, indexes, packages, triggers, etc.) in an Oracle8i environment, the expansion of a single dimensional data model (star schema) into multiple star schemas, source to target mapping, storage capacity planning and the support and maintenance of the Cognos EP Series 7 reporting environment. Of Dramatic Poesie? The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows 2000 Server, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, Sunopsis, PL/SQL, Cognos EP Series 7, Erwin, and Oracle Enterprise Manager. Served as a Senior Data Warehouse Specialist/Consultant in the enhancement and uni coursework, development of a custom analytical application for trading and risk management in the energy/commodity marketplace. The development efforts of the analytical application consisted of integrating various subject matter data (Profit Loss, MTM, Exposure, Cash Flows, Impact, Counterparties, etc.) from the Endur application. In addition to the development role, helped build the data warehousing services of the company and trained and in student essay, mentored internal staff on data warehousing. Uni Coursework? Tasks included conducting requirement analysis; the design and development of a dimensional data model (star schema); the top paper writing, creation of a database, in uni coursework, both Oracle8i and SQL Server 2000; the top paper writing services, development of ETL processes (PL/SQL, DTS Packages); the creation of uni coursework, several multidimensional cubes; the development of a web reporting application; client training and documentations. The following tools and/or technologies were used in time of the essay on minerva, the development: MS Windows 2000 Server, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, SQL Server 2000 (DTS and Analysis Services), PL/SQL, MS Office Web Components, Erwin, FrontPage 2000, Oracle Enterprise Manager. Served as a Lead Data Warehouse Architect in the development of uni coursework, a web-based Enterprise Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) reporting application for the eCommerce department at J.Crew. The development efforts of the essay of dramatic, reporting application consisted of uni coursework, integrated customer data from various enterprise channels (web clickstream, catalog, retail, etc.), thus providing a consistent view of the customer.

Most importantly, the essay of dramatic, planning, execution, and uni coursework, measurement of the effectiveness of marketing campaign and website navigation. Tasks included conducting requirement analysis, designing and disadvantages death penalty, developing of a data model (star schema), the creation a Oracle8i database, coding of ETL procedures (PL/SQL, Perl and Informatica), designing of Cognos Impromptu and PowerPlay reports, software installation, and the automation of production jobs. The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows NT, Sun Solaris, Oracle8I, PL/SQL, Perl, Unix, Essbase, Cognos, Erwin, IIS, and shell scripts. Served as a Lead Oracle Database Administrator in a development environment for an enterprise database applicaton, Move.com. The enterprise database application supports the company's Internet services in providing consumers a one-stop resource for all their housing needs before, during, and after a move. Tasks include designing and building of logical and physical database structures, administrating several Oracle database applications and security, analyzing and translating end users requirements into database objects (tables,views,indexes,procedures,functions,etc.) and uni coursework, data models, automating backup and recovery scripts (Cshell and Bash), installing and/or upgrading Oracle software, and database performance tuning. Of Dramatic Poesie? The development environment consists of uni coursework, MS Windows NT, and Unix using the following technologies and/or tools: Oracle 8x, Oracle Enterprise Manager, BroadVision, and PowerDesigner. Served as an Oracle Database Administrator for an enterprise database application,The Guardian Insurance.

The enterprise database application supported the day-to-day business activities for over 51 sites. Most administration activities were done remotely using third party tools (OEM and role of discipline in student, BMC Patrol). Tasks included monitoring daily activities, troubleshooting problems, software and application upgrades on various platforms (MS Windows NT, Sun, and uni coursework, AIX), performance tuning, automation of backup and recovery scripts, and maintenance of system security and database objects. Served as a Decision Support Analyst in the deployment of essay poesie, a web-based enterprise reporting application for Reckitt Colman. Uni Coursework? Tasks included the installation and configuration of the in the essay on minerva, Cognos and MS IIS (version 4.0) software, development of uni coursework, various reports (performance, status, and Ad Hoc), setting up LDAP security, and the automation of the reporting environment.

The development was done under MS Windows NT platform using the following front-end tools to retrieve and manipulate data from an Oracle database application: Cognos Impromptu and Impromptu Web Reports. Served as a Decision Support Analyst in the deployment of an enterprise data warehouse application for CitiCorp Global Technology, Inc (CGTI), a division of Citigroup. The enterprise data warehouse application is to support the business processes (Order Management, End User Billing Detail, Carrier Services, and Products) of CGTI. Task include analyzing and documenting business data reporting needs, designing and developing of Impromptu reports, designing and good thesis statement for steve, developing of multi-dimension models in PowerPlay, and uni coursework, assisting in the development of user training materials. Additional responsibilities include the creation of life, Oracle database objects (Index, Tables, Views, etc.), database performance tuning and SQL statements, data extraction scripts, installation and uni coursework, configuration of Cognos software in a MS Windows NT environment, and the automation of the reporting environment. Assisted in the support and maintenance of an disadvantages essay, Electronic Order Entry (EOE) Web-based application for the Avon Corporation. The EOE Web-based application allowed remote Sales Representatives to submit their orders via the Internet. Tasks included enhancements to HTML, JavaScript, and VBscript source code. Uni Coursework? The following Web and/or technologies were used in essay reviewer, the developing and deploying the uni coursework, application in a Windows NT Server 4.0 environment: MS Internet Information Server 4.0 (IIS), MS Site Server 3.0, Commerce Edition, MS Transaction Server 2.0, MS Index Server, SQL Server 6.5, and essay reviewer, MS Developer Studio97. Served as an Oracle Database Administrator (DBA) in the deployment of an enterprise data warehouse database in uni coursework, Oracle for the Chase Manhattan Bank.

The data warehouse database was deployed to support the Profitability Reporting Facility (PRF) application for the financial analysis community. Of The On Minerva? Tasks include the design, development, and the administration of several Oracle database applications exceeding 50 Gbytes in data, Oracle performance tuning, translation of business requirements into database application design and data models, and migration of uni coursework, various database schemas between databases. Additional responsibilities include the installation and in the of the, configuration of Oracle software (RDBMS 7.3 and Oracle Enterprise Manager 1.5) in uni coursework, a UNIX and Windows NT environment. Served as a Technical Architect in leading a group of team members in the design, development, and implementation of a data warehouse database application for the Major League Baseball Corporation. Essay Reviewer? Information maintained in the data warehouse database were used by uni coursework General Managers, Assistant General Managers, and other club personnel in analyzing and supporting player contract arbitration and negotiation. Tasks included the design and development of a Conceptual System Blueprint, the presentation of the propose system to the client, the of dramatic, evaluation and uni coursework, selection of essay reviewer, hardware and software vendors, the logical and uni coursework, physical design and essay reviewer, implementation of the database application, and the design and development of the data distribution program between databases. Additional responsibilities included the installation and configuration of an MS Windows NT architecture environment, and SQL Server software. The development were done under MS Windows NT, MS Windows 95 and IBM AS/400 using the uni coursework, following front-end tools and/or technologies: SQL Server 6.5, DB2/400, MS Access 97, Business Objects 4.0, Transformation Server for essay reviewer, AS/400 and uni coursework, MS Windows NT, Visual Basic 5.0, and Wise Installation 5.0.

Participated in the feasibility study of a data warehouse project for the Mailing System Division at Pitney Bowes. Tasks included interviewing the user community and essay of dramatic poesie, documentation of fact finds. Additional responsibilities included the assessment of an Oracle on-line transaction processing database in uni coursework, an MS Windows NT 4.0 architecture environment. Designed, developed, and implemented a two-tier client/server application that consisted of a Decision Support System (DSS) for the XES finance organization at Xerox Corporation. Tasks included the design, development, and role of discipline life, the administration of a Oracle data mart, the distribution of global data from the Data Warehouse, installation and configuration of the uni coursework, Oracle software in both production and test environment, performance tuning, implementation of a backup and life essay, recovery strategy, conducting requirements analysis, data modeling, automation of uni coursework, production jobs and support. The development were done under Windows for Workgroups and Unix using the following front-end tools and/or technologies to retrieve and essay of dramatic poesie, manipulate data from uni coursework, various database systems (Oracle, Essbase, Access, and DB2): Essbase Application Manager, Visual Basic, Access, Embedded SQL, ODBC, Pro*C, Cshell, and SQL*Plus. In addition to the implementation of the DSS, provided support for integrating various components of the development of an C++ application, evaluation and acquiring of new installation software for productivity enhancements, and functional and/or technical support of an MS inter-application (Visual Basic, Excel, and Access). Designed, developed, and implemented a Decision Support System (DSS) for the Personal Product Division at Bausch and role in student life essay, Lomb, Inc. The DSS application was designed in a two-tier client/server environment that integrated various platforms - OS/2, Windows 3.1, NT, IBM 3090, and AS/400.

Tasks included the design and development of uni coursework, a Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Commander Builder (EIS), the design and development a multi-dimensional database (MDDB) application using Essbase that stored and maintained company's financial, marketing, and sales data, and the loading and writing, manipulation of the data into the database using ADL and Essbase SQL Interface. Additional tasks included installation, configuration, and support of package software, training users, documentation, and production support. Developed, tested, and implemented a batch application in uni coursework, C that calculated the required reserve for all policies at Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York. Designed OWL application interface in what, C++ that allowed the output results to be viewed by end users. The development was done under MS-Dos/Windows environment using Borland C/C++ version 4.0. Additional tasks included designing and testing of reports using EasyTrieve Plus and Cobol II, and retrieval of customer data from an IMS/VS database. Host development was done under ISPF (MVS/ESA) environment using Panvalet as an editor.

XPEDITOR was used as a debugging tool for all Cobol II applications. Designed, tested, and implemented several distributed processing programs using Advanced Program-to-Program Communications (APPC) for the Information Technology Division at Rochester Gas Electric Corporation. The distributed processing programs allowed customer service orders to uni coursework, be sent and received from a Mobil Telecommunication application, thus allowing Field Personnel to view customer service order on their PC Radio (laptops). Disadvantages? The distributed processing programs were developed under the following platforms and/or environment IBM 3090, IBM OS/2 Mod 95, and uni coursework, MS-Dos using COBOL CICS, Microsoft C, and Vermont Views. Additional tasks included providing support in the enhancement and development of the Mobil Telecommunication application using Turbo C/C++ in a Dos environment. Coordinated and implemented an Information Delivery System (IDS) for the technical support department at IBM Corporation. Tasks included the design, development, and the administration of a DB2 database application, the design and what is a good statement jobs, development of a distribution program that allowed personnel remote access to data from a portable terminal, conducting requirement analysis, and the automation of production jobs and support. The development of the uni coursework, IDS was done under OS/2 2.11 using the following front-end tools and/or technologies to role of discipline in student essay, retrieve and manipulate data from various database systems: OS/2 Presentation Manager, RF Communication, EHLLAPI, and IBM C Set/2. Designed, developed, and implemented an inventory and uni coursework, automation tracking system for the Orange County Information Services.

The development was done on a Wang 100 system. Tasks included logical and physical layout of the essay, database, coding of programs to load the uni coursework, database, interviewing the user community, documentation of reference manual, and training end users on the Wang 100 system. Designed, developed, and disadvantages death essay, implemented a recovery application using COBOL for uni coursework, the Orange County Information Services. The development was done in a TSO/ISPF environment using PANVALET for an editor. The recovery application ran on an IBM 4381 (MVS/XA). 1993 B.S., Information Systems. Rochester Institute of in the, Technology. Aug 2010 MS SQL Server 2008 SSIS Training Jul 2006 Business Objects Enterprise XI R2 Training Mar 2004 Board M.I.T.

Training(v4.7) Jun 2003 Sunopsis training Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Report Administration Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Server Administration Oct 1998 Mastering Distributed Application Design and Development using MS Visual Studio v6.0 Jul 1998 Implementing DB Design SQL Server v6.5 Apr 1998 MS Windows Architecture for uni coursework, Developers Aug 1997 MS Windows NT v4.0 Accelerated Training Apr 1997 Oracle Express Database Design and Control Feb 1996 Advance Visual Basic Training Feb 1995 Arbor Essbase OLAP Server Training Feb 1995 Commander Builder and ADL Training. Additional Contact information is available on the Information Page. Copyright(c) 1995 - 1999 Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.