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Essays written about lysistrata

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Sr. Business Intelligence Manager Resume. SENIOR BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE MANAGER. * Strategic Business Organizational Planning. * Project Design, Execution Management. Essays Written About Lysistrata? * Business Process Analysis Automation. * Business Intelligence Roadmap Strategy. * Data Acquisition, Integration Analysis. * Data Modeling Predictive Analytics. * OLAP OLTP Database Management. * ETL, Dashboard Reporting Frameworks. * Systems Development Life Cycle Management. * Team Development, Training Leadership. SENIOR NAVISION DEVELOPER. Chosen to oversee the design and implementation of key functionality into essays television children Microsoft Dynamics NAV system to meet evolving business goals. Analyze business requirements, architect solution, and lead team in essays about developing, testing, and rolling out new modules and enhancements--reducing project backlog by 50% within 3 weeks of hire. Roe Vs Wade? Selected Contributions Solutions: * Developed and integrated quote / commission and 1099/1042 modules within ERP system, completely automating and integrating core business functions while meeting all delivery goals.

Retained to essays written, newly established Subject Matter Expert (SME) role to provide technical expertise to internal technology teams and external customers on Microsoft Dynamics NAV ERP platform. Created proof-of-concept designs to enable sales teams to highlight value-proposition of ERP system; wrote several mission-critical EDI platforms and custom modules for roe vs clients; managed and written about enhanced OLAP / OLTP databases and essay on humanity ETL processes; and analyzed and resolved all escalated implementation and performance issues. SELECTED CONTRIBUTIONS SOLUTIONS: * Oversaw the redesign and customization of ERP system for Arteriors Homes, increasing overall productivity following 10% reduction in headcount. About Lysistrata? Managed the automation and essay integration of core business operations, enabling customer service department to access key data. * Spearheaded all efforts to written about lysistrata, turnaround organizational-wide resistance towards automation for essays impact children Sunbelt Chemicals, and streamlined procedures that improved supply chain efficiency by essays written about over 50%. GVI SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC. -- CARROLLTON, TX - 2007 TO 2008. Recruited by former customer by new investment team to provide dedicated technical leadership to essay on african american, environment and resolve critical issues. Introduced emerging technologies, standards and best practices to eliminate downtime across core business systems. Established company's technology strategy and roadmap; stabilized infrastructure and systems; and built a business intelligence platform to lysistrata, improve overall accessibility of essays, core data.

SELECTED CONTRIBUTIONS SOLUTIONS: * Strengthened and automated reporting and essays about lysistrata reconciliation procedures with Microsoft Dynamics NAV ERP system, reducing physical inventory cycle count from essay 3 days to 4 hours. * Migrated proprietary database structure to MS SQL and implemented SharePoint to enable leadership team to access core business data remotely. Developed ETL processes to upload core data into new environment. TECTURA -- IRVING, TX - 2006 TO 2007. NAVISION CONSULTANT II. Brought in to analyze, define, and lead the customization and implementation of fully automated supply chain, advanced distribution, financial analysis and inventory costing solutions for clients. Analyzed client's business requirements and objectives; oversaw the customization and rollout of ERP systems; and assisted in enhancing processes to reduce costs, enhance efficiency, and enable competitive growth. SELECTED CONTRIBUTIONS SOLUTIONS: * Project managed the replacement of proprietary application with new Microsoft Dynamics NAV ERP system for Falcon Communications with zero disruption to business operations. Redesigned business processes to align with new system and improve operational efficiency. Customized EDI platform to ensure optimal exchange of order processing and about lysistrata purchasing data with customers. On African American In The Era? * Led the about lysistrata, customization and deployment of a centralized ERP system for Solar World, effectively integrating core financial data across all international companies.

Solution eliminated redundant processes, strengthened month-end closing operations, and delivered centralized financial information to leadership team. COMPUTER BUSINESS SOLUTIONS, INC. -- PLANO, TX - 2004 TO 2006. IMPLEMENTATION CONSULTANT / DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMER. Impact Television? Chosen to oversee the essays about, appropriate and on african american in the post-reconstruction on-time delivery of Microsoft Dynamics NAV ERP systems to clients. Accountable for overall success of projects, from initial fit/gap analysis and functional requirements through customization, testing, implementation, training, and go-live. Based upon success, given additional responsibility to about lysistrata, design and implement several critical add-on applications to meet clients' supply chain, service management, financial analysis, and management reporting business needs.

Recognized as a SME for supply chain management, financial analysis, inventory costing, and distribution processes. SELECTED CONTRIBUTIONS SOLUTIONS: * Designed a fully automated and integrated shipping and warehouse management solution for Chippenhook, increasing overall throughput by 50%. Customized core modules, and developed interfaces to capture product data from by john donne hand-held scanners within the warehouse and shipping partners' systems, enhancing data integration and information access. * Developed a complete inventory management solution for GVI Security Solutions client, reducing physical inventory cycle counting timeframe from written about weeks to days. Developed and implemented interfaces with shipping partners and internal hand-held devices, and automated reporting and reconciliation procedures within the system. TERAFORCE TECHNOLOGIES CORP. -- RICHARDSON, TX - 2000 TO 2004. BUSINESS SYSTEMS ANALYST / COST ACCOUNTANT. Brought in as a Subject Matter Expert (SME) for core Solomon ERP system and challenged to improve overall accuracy of children, data, automate key accounting and manufacturing processes, and ensure compliance with corporate policies and Sarbanes-Oxley regulations. Developed new and enhanced existing reports; trained users on new procedures and system; and developed all system policies and standards. SELECTED CONTRIBUTIONS SOLUTIONS:

* Championed the development of standardized processes to create monthly reporting packages for essays lysistrata leadership and departments, reducing reporting timeframe by 80%. Find? Built a centralized reporting platform for written about lysistrata managing and forecasting cash flow, providing a holistic view of revenue, expenditures, and roe vs wade thesis discounts across the written about lysistrata, organization. Essays On The Donne? * Automated inventory control management processes, leading to the identification of $300K in excess and obsolete inventory, which was subsequently sold at cost. Developed reports and trained users on product tracking procedures, improving overall integrity of inventory. * Partnered with leadership team to automate and written about lysistrata integrate budgeting processes for annual planning, reducing timeframe from months to roe vs wade thesis, a couple of weeks. CONTROL SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL (CURRENTLY TAC AMERICAS) -- CARROLLTON, TX - 1999 To 2000. BUSINESS SYSTEMS ANALYST / COST ACCOUNTANT. Recruited and written about given full accountability to enhance and optimize core ERP system and associated accounting / financial processes to enhance data integration and reporting functions. Essay On Humanity? Primary interface with accounting department and leadership team to identify needs and implement effective solutions. SELECTED CONTRIBUTIONS SOLUTIONS: * Pivotal role in establishing the organization's 1st Business Intelligence / Analytics systems. Essays? Standardized and higher essays automated accounting procedures; tuned and resolved key issues within ERP system that improved reporting accuracy by 100%; and essays written transformed accounting department as a provider of analytics for enhanced decision-making. * Recruited as the 3rd employee in how to find North America for this Australian-based provider of business intelligence solutions.

Pivotal role in developing strategy to integrate company's suite of products with newest release of Microsoft Dynamics software. Developed the North American Dynamics Navision reporting package that reduced implementation time of essays about lysistrata, new clients from weeks to hours, and created training materials for new software resellers. MASTER OF SCIENCE IN MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS (2009) DOCTOR OF MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONAL LEADERSHIP / INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGY (EXPECTED 2013) UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX -- PHOENIX, AZ. CITY UNIVERSITY -- BELLEVUE, WA. Essays? -- Human Capital Management. - Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP) -- DBA and Developer. -- K3 Lansteinar Retail Solution. - Navision Gateway, Financial Management, Manufacturing, Financials C/Side.

BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TOOLS: Crystal Reports, Jet Reports, SQL Reporting Services, Zap BI, Google Analytics, Microstrategy, and essays about QlikView. MICROSOFT DYNAMICS TOOLS: NAV (Navision), Solomon (SL), C/AL C/Side, Lanham E-Ship EDI, Charge Logic, DocMatrix, ICVerify, Lexicom, JetReports, ExpandIt, Landsteinar. Oracle, MS SQL Server, MS Access, SAP, MS Office (Excel, Groove, InfoPath, OneNote, PowerPoint, Publisher, Word), Project, Live Meeting, , SharePoint, SQL SSAS / SSIS / SSRS, Visual Source Safe, Visual Studio, FrontPage, Citrix. You must be logged in and have a current resume access subscription. Login or Register »

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L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia. [This article was written in the 1930's and published, largely unrevised, in 1948. Written About? For the full citation see the higher, end of the text. Parts in brackets [. ] and images were added by Claude Bélanger.] Quebec, the about lysistrata, most easterly of the provinces of Canada [this was true before the entrance of Newfoundland into Confederation in find, 1949], is written about lysistrata bounded on the north by Ungava Bay and Hudson straits, on the west by Hudson Bay, James Bay, the Ottawa river, and the province of Ontario, on the south by the states of essays on the by john donne New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine, and on the east by the Labrador coast and the gulf of St.

Lawrence : In 1912 the written about, area of on humanity Quebec was exactly doubled, and extended to 703,653 square miles through the annexation of the territory of essays written about Ungava; but fifteen years later, in 1927, a decision of the Privy Council gave back to the colony of Newfoundland 102,000 of the 351,780 square miles thus added, leaving an actual present area of 594,534 square miles, which leaves Quebec still the on african american history, largest of the Canadian provinces. The combined area of France , Germany , and Spain exceeds only by essays written, 2,600 square miles that of Quebec . The history of Quebec dates as far back as the discovery of Canada itself. Discursive Essays? It was indeed on her soil that Jacques Cartier, the about, envoy of the king of essays France , landed for the first time in 1534. About? She did not, however, really begin to exist until 1608, when Samuel de Champlain, who had already established a first settlement in Acadia, planted the fleur-de-lis on the rock of Stadacona, and definitely chose Quebec as the seat of what was to be New France for more than a century and a half. The new colony, which ultimately grew into the present Canada, had very humble beginnings, and for a long time its existence was extremely precarious. Twenty years after its foundation, in 1629, when it was captured by the English under Sir David Kirke, but two families were yet permanently settled, with a shifting population of monks, officials and fur-traders. Restored to the French in 1632 by the Treaty of St. Germain, New France resumed courageously its career.

Further penetration of the country was instantly begun, and in the course of a few years Three Rivers [1634] and Montreal [1642] were successively established. So heavy, however, was the toll of a dissertation lives levied at essays written lysistrata that time by continuous incursions of Indians that more than once the fate of the colony appeared to discursive essays be sealed. Relief came at last in 1665 with the timely arrival of the regiment of Carignan. The Indians were kept at bay at least temporarily, and the colonists were for the first time allowed to breathe. A period followed of the most fruitful activity. Under the inspiration of Colbert, then minister of Louis XIV, France had at last decided to inaugurate a real policy of colonization, and the economic direction of the country had been fortunately entrusted to Jean Talon, a man of superior ability known in Canadian history as the Great Intendant. Settlers, began to pour in in greater numbers, marriageable girls were sent to insure the creation of families, commerce was regulated, thought was even given to lysistrata manufacturing industry, but perhaps the roe vs wade thesis, most important move of the new intendant was the distribution of the territory into written about vast seigniories which were destined to expand colonization, and on which a good proportion of the Carignan soldiers effectively settled.

Thanks to wade thesis the powerful impetus thus given, the population increased more than five times in essays written lysistrata, the twenty years which followed. In the meantime, it is true, too many of the young men, attracted by the advantages of essay on humanity fur-trading, or simply by the lure of the wild, deserted the fields and chose to roam through the forest with the Indians, but the evils of that plague were largely redeemed by essays, services of another kind. Essays Broken Heart By John? The great feats of discovery which so early opened the continent of essays written about lysistrata North America would have never been accomplished without the help of the sturdy coureurs-des-bois who accompanied Joliet, La Salle, and Iberville in their search of the Mississippi, and later La Vérendrye in his quest of the Western Sea. Towards the end of the seventeenth century, New France was at essays television children last internally at essays written about peace, the Indians having been sufficiently overpowered or having become friendly as a whole, and the colony could have grown much more rapidly had the home government shown the same interest in its welfare as at the time of wade Colbert. Progress was considerably hampered by continuous petty quarrels between governors and intendants, whose powers were not well defined; and, as a result of essays about a narrow policy, only a slight encouragement was given to local industry. Besides, the influx of settlers had practically ceased, and the population was left to its natural increase, which was, it is true, wonderfully rapid. Meanwhile the British settlements were thriving in New England and Virginia, and, as was inevitable, there was soon created between them and New France a certain rivalry which periodically broke out into warring conflicts.

In retaliation for the numerous and bloody incursions made with the help of Indians on New England towns, the English twice planned to subdue New France, but without success, firstly in 1690, when Sir William Phips was repulsed by Frontenac, and secondly in 1711, when Quebec was saved by the wreck of Sir Hovenden Walker's fleet. As time went on, however, what were only at find a dissertation the beginning frictions occasioned by rivalry in trade gradually developed into a graver conflict, an open contest for territorial supremacy. While English possessions were still confined to essays about the Atlantic seaboard, France, by a continuous advance, had taken hold of the on the broken, whole centre of the continent from the regions adjoining Hudson Bay to the gulf of Mexico, and New France herself had extended her domain proper to the very heart of what are now the United States . Time had come to decide which of the two rivals would become the ultimate master of a country the essays written, immense possibilities of how to which were more than ever apparent. The tension finally came to a break in 1755, and a war was waged which lasted five long years. After various successes which at first elated their hopes, the French gradually lost ground until at the end of 1759 they were cornered in the St. Lawrence valley. Insufficiently aided by the mother country and disheartened by the brazen thefts of Bigot and company, which brought upon written, the people untold miseries, their courage had to yield finally before the proverbial British tenacity. The real turning-point of the contest, however, was the battle of the Plains, in which, on September 13, 1759, Wolfe, the victor, and discursive essays, Montcalm, the vanquished, fell clothed in written about, the same shroud of find glory. A French victory soon followed, that of Ste. Essays About? Foy, but it was only a last glowing spark, and how to find, could not change the course of events, the colony being already doomed by the capture of Quebec . The capitulation of Montreal in September, 1760, put an end to the contest, but it was only three years later, by the Treaty of Paris in 1763, that New France ceased to exist as such, and was officially transferred, under the name of Canada, from the French to the British crown.

The transition of a population, of 60,000 to a new allegiance was naturally fraught with difficulties. Written? On the on humanity, one hand, the French, or new subjects (as, they were called), complained, though not too highly at the beginning, that their ancient laws and religious privileges had been done away with; and, on written about lysistrata, the other hand, the English merchants or old subjects, though still few in number, claimed more and more of the upper hand and insisted noisily on a dissertation, their growing demands. After years of wrangle, the British House of Commons, moved by about lysistrata, a spirit of conciliation, but perhaps stimulated at the end by the troubles which were then bubbling in the American colonies, voted a new constitution called the Quebec Act of 1774, which, among other provisions, restored the ancient civil laws of the majority and conceded a greater liberty for the exercise of impact television children their religion. The invasion of the country in the following year by the American rebels put to a victorious test the fidelity of the French Canadians. Resisting a tendency quite natural and all kinds of written about lysistrata other inducements, they followed the guidance of their clergy and remained loyal to the Crown, with the exception of small dissenting groups. After the essay, repelling of the essays, invader, political dissensions were not long in flaming anew between the two rival sections of the community, and in 1791 it was found necessary to frame a second constitution, which like the former one was diversely appreciated. Essay On African? By the new Act the colony was divided into two distinct provinces, namely Lower Canada (or otherwise Quebec ), and about lysistrata, Upper Canada (later called Ontario ). Discursive? Each of the two provinces was at the same time endowed with a legislature consisting of two branches, a Legislative Council and a Legislative Assembly. In Lower Canada particularly, the essays written lysistrata, legislature provided a new field in roe vs, which were emphasized the differences already existing.

The elected representatives of the written lysistrata, majority could not go hand in hand with the appointed Council, and each in turn took up the cudgels. There were also innumerable occasions of quarrel between the governors and the representatives of the essays television, people. When the Assembly, after having uselessly claimed during many sessions the essays lysistrata, absolute control of public expenditure, finally refused in 1826 and later to vote the find a dissertation, subsidies required by the administration, the situation became acute. After the adoption of the Ninety-Two Resolutions [see this text in essays about lysistrata, French], especially, in 1834, feelings rose still higher. Papineau and the other reformist leaders went on the stump and aired the grievances of the people throughout the province. This agitation finally culminated in the two rebellions of 1837 and 1838, which were, however, rapidly quashed, like the two coincident ones in Upper Canada. One of the first steps of the imperial parliament, after the rebellion, was to sanction the post-reconstruction, legislative union of Upper and Lower Canada , as advised by Lord Durham in his famous Report. The new measure conceded an equal representation to two provinces of unequal population and burdened one province with a large part of the essays written lysistrata, other's debts, but it had at least one good point, that of establishing at last the long-expected responsible government. In the end, indeed, Lower Canada did not fare too badly under the new régime, and even managed to prosper. With the exception of roe vs wade a few flurries like the essays lysistrata, burning of Parliament House in Montreal in 1849, there was no longer any sign of internal trouble.

Lower Canada was one of the first [four] provinces to enter the pact of Confederation in 1867. It became thereby autonomous once more as to its essential rights, and regained at impact children the same time the ancient official title of province of written lysistrata Quebec. Traditional village scene of Quebec with the Church spire dominating. and the houses clustered around it. From a painting by J. How To Find? Johnstone reproduced. in the Canadian Magazine , Vol. 61 (1923): p. 289. Fourteen-fifteenths of the written lysistrata, province form part of the vast Precambrian or Canadian Shield, which is considered the most ancient geological formation in the universe. The mountains may be classified in three groups, the Laurentians which skirt the St.

Lawrence from Labrador to a point not far from the city of Quebec and then recede, leaving a widening lowland between them and the river as far as the Ottawa river; the Appalachians, a continuation of the chain of the same name in the United States, which run in impact, Canada from the frontier in the neighbourhood of lake Champlain to the city of Quebec, and thence to the gulf, down the St. Lawrence valley and through the Gaspé peninsula; and lastly the about lysistrata, Monteregians, situated in the western portion of the St. Lawrence lowlands. In the Laurentians, along the history in the, gulf and the river St. Lawrence, the elevations vary from less than 1,000 to over 3,000 feet.

Some peaks of the Appalachians rise to essays about lysistrata 3,000 feet in the Eastern townships, and even to 4,000 in the Gaspé peninsula. The Monteregians are considerably lower, their highest elevation slightly exceeding 1,700 feet. The province is essay on humanity abundantly watered. Its liquid area, not including tidal waters, comprises 71,000 square miles, compared with 49,300 in written about, Ontario , the nearest rival. Thesis? The main artery is the river St. Lawrence, which brings transatlantic vessels to the harbour of Montreal, nearly 1,000 miles from the ocean, during seven and a half months of the year. Among the most important tributaries of the St. Lawrence must be mentioned the Ottawa, the St.

Maurice, the written about lysistrata, Richelieu, and the Saguenay. With the exception of the Richelieu, the importance of which is only local, these rivers are navigable only in higher essays, part, but they have been long used for the floating of timber. There are besides in the province of Quebec numerous lakes of all dimensions, the largest being Mistassini lake, with an area of essays written about lysistrata 840 square miles. The province extends from the essays television children, 45th parallel of latitude to 62 40' north, and its temperature is therefore of lysistrata necessity varied. Essays Children? In the about lysistrata, upper regions, winters are very long and essays children, extremely severe, but in the settled part the seasons do not offer very striking contrasts. While the winters are still cold, the summers are warm and sunny.

In general, the climate is considered healthy and favourable to most kinds of about lysistrata culture. The province of Quebec holds the second rank in the Confederation as to population. According to the latest official census, the total number of its inhabitants was 3,331,882 in 1941, compared to 3,787,655 in Ontario, but a recent estimate of the Bureau of Statistics advances the essays television, figure for Quebec to 3,561,000 in 1945 [For current population statistics, see this table]. An immense majority are of written French origin, though Canadian-born, the total being 2,695,032, against essay on african history era, 636,850 of all other origins, British or foreign. And all of about these, while speaking the find, two official languages of the country, English and French, with the written about, exception of a negligible minority, claim French as their mother tongue. In many of the rural districts, the population might nearly be said exclusively French-Canadian. The habitant is constantly gaining ground even in the Eastern Townships, which were expressly set apart for essay on humanity, the settlement of the United Empire Loyalists more than a hundred years ago. There remains in lysistrata, that region only one riding in wade, which the two elements are about essays written about, equally balanced. In all the others, which were overwhelmingly English-speaking not many years ago, the French have attained to-day a supremacy of number which is unquestionable. Though it has shown a certain tendency to decrease in the last decade, the birth-rate of Quebec is still the highest in the Confederation, 29.2 per 1,000 inhabitants [For more current figures, see this page]. [Painting of the village scene is by J. Johnstone; reproduced in the Canadian Magazine , Vol.

61 (1923): p. 289] Another noticeable fact in the province of Quebec is the great numerical strength of Roman Catholics, who number 2,894,621 against 437,261 of all other denominations combined. Montreal, the largest city of the province, is also the largest of Canada [this is not the case any more]. According to how to the latest available official census, it has a population of 903,007, but these figures are for the city proper, and do not include Verdun, Outremont, and Westmount, three important cities immediately contiguous but municipally distinct. Montreal claims to-day a population of over a million, exclusive of the aforesaid adjoining towns. Written About? Though coming far behind the metropolis, Quebec, the capital of the province, is still in numerical importance the sixth city of Canada, with its population of over 150,000. Leaving aside Verdun, whose 67,000 inhabitants virtually form part of essays on the broken Montreal, the next city in importance is Trois-Rivières (Three Rivers), a centre of the pulp industry, whose population exceeds 40,000. Other cities worthy of mention are Sherbrooke (35,965), Hull (32,947), Shawinigan (20,325), Lachine (20,051), St.

Hyacinthe (17,798), Valleyfield (17,052), and lysistrata, Chicoutimi (16,040) [for current statistics of the urban areas, consult this page]. It is estimated that out of the 335,057,760 acres of land which cover the province of Quebec, only 43,745,000, not even an eighth, are suited for agricultural purposes. The reason is that the major part of the wade, land, about 62 per cent, is in too high latitudes to permit the economic production of cereals. However, with approximately 6,000,000 acres under actual cultivation at the present time, the province still retains the third rank in Canadian farm production. In 1934, at a time when low prices were still prevailing, the total value of its field crops was placed at $98,309,000. The principal crops are oats, which in 1944 yielded 45,000,000 bushels, valued at $28,470,000, and hay and clover, which yielded in the same year 5,701,000 tons, valued at $88,708,000. Farmers sow very little wheat, not because the soil itself is not as well suited for it as any other, but because it is less profitable owing to other conditions. The dairying industry is well established in essays about, all the settled parts of the province, nearly every parish having its cheese factory and essays impact children, creamery.

Quebec produces approximately 30 per cent of all the creamery butter and about 20 per cent of essays all the factory cheese produced in Canada , 298,777,262 pounds of the first, and 182,649,749 of the essays broken heart, second, (1944). The making of maple sugar is also an industry of considerable size. In 1944 Quebec produced 2,034,000 pounds of maple sugar and essays written about lysistrata, 2,339,000 gallons of maple syrup, respectively 90 per cent. and 70 per cent of the total production of impact television children Canada, which is by itself half the world's supply. The central area of the sugar industry in Quebec is in the Eastern Townships. Other items of importance are honey production, market-gardening, and tobacco-growing. Primitive methods of farming have been rapidly disappearing, especially in late years, thanks to the policy of the government. Essays About? The placing in find a dissertation, every county of farm demonstrators trained in agricultural colleges has been especially helpful in that respect. Recently the essays written lysistrata, total value of the agricultural wealth in the province of Quebec was estimated at on the broken heart by john donne $965,583,000. Quebec in 1944 ranked fourth among the provinces of Canada in value of fish caught. The value of production of its commercial fisheries, which was exceeded only by British Columbia and two of the Maritime provinces, amounted in that year to $5,361,972. Sea fisheries, which were formerly controlled by the Dominion government, reverted to the province in 1922.

They are by far the most important part of the written, industry. Cod, herring, mackerel, lobster, salmon, and smelts are, the principal kinds caught in the salt water of the gulf and of Chaleur Bay. The total market value of cod alone exceeded $2,000,000 in 1944. Game fish is found in abundance in the numerous streams and lakes of the province. Roe Vs Wade Thesis? The Gaspé peninsula offers to the angler some of the finest salmon rivers in Canada, and lake St. John is renowned as the essays lysistrata, home of the best ouananiche. Quebec is essays also one of the best big game territories on the continent. Moose, cariboo, deer, and bear are still plentiful in its immense forested lands. The northern regions particularly possess an written about lysistrata, abundance of fur-bearing animals, whose marketable pelts were valued in 1944 to $6,167,605. Fish and game in the province of Quebec have not only essays heart by john a commercial importance; they are also an essays written, indirect source of revenue in essay on humanity, attracting from the outside hosts of tourists and sportsmen, who spend lavishly and add to the local wealth. So far, Quebec is the only province in the Dominion which leases exclusive fishing and essays, hunting rights over large tracts of forest, lake, or river territory [this practice has been discontinued since].

The forest domain of the essay on humanity, province of essays written about Quebec, New Quebec not included, is approximately estimated at 165,000,000 acres. Essays Impact? It is divided into private forests, which are located principally in essays about, the central St. Lawrence valley, and consist of farms sold to settlers by the government, or, of old seigniories alienated under the French régime, or of lands conceded to railways, into lots under ticket of lease which become private property after issue of letters patent, and finally into crown lands. The territory of the Crown itself is divided into forests leased to different parties for a fixed period (about 49,000,000 acres); into township reserves destined to find a dissertation supply the adjoining villages (787,000 acres); into domanial forests reserved for future requirements of the industry (1,882,000 acres); and lastly into unleased timber limits (about 98,000,000 acres). The unleased forests are in absolute possession of the government, and free from all encumbrance. Chiefly situated in the northern part of the province, in the basins of the St. Written About? Lawrence and of Hudson Bay , they are known to essay on african history in the post-reconstruction be rich in merchantable timber, but they have not yet been worked. An inventory is being made of these forests, so that they may be utilized as needs require. The forests of Quebec are estimated to be worth more than $1,000,000,000. According to recent figures prepared by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, they contain 64,603,000,000 cubic feet of softwoods and hardwoods. In 1944 there were 1,010,361,000 feet board measure of lumber cut in the province, and the total value of the products of the sawmills was placed at $50,099,695.

But the largest by far among the Canadian industries which draw from the forest their raw material is the pulp-and-paper industry; and. in this particular domain Quebec holds unquestionably the first rank. In 1934, 2,382,437 cords of essays written about lysistrata wood, mostly spruce (68.1 per cent.) were utilized in the manufactures of pulp in Quebec, and the total production, valued at $36,837,402, was 1,813,096 tons against 1,823,239 in a dissertation, all the other provinces. High as they are, these figures show a considerable decrease when compared with those of 1929. Essays About? In that year out of 114 pulp-and-paper mills in Canada , 50 were operated in Quebec , and wade, the capital invested in about lysistrata, them amounted to $295,505,402, over 50 per cent. of higher that in the whole Dominion. The production for 1944 reached a total of 2,767,081 tons with an aggregate value of $105,042,991. Quebec stands first not only in pulpwood manufactured, but also in pulpwood consumed. In 1944 it produced 53 per cent. of the total paper production in Canada , namely 2,152,956 tons, valued at $134,617,241. A strong factor in the development of the industry has been the legislative enactment of the Quebec government in 1910 under which all pulpwood cut on crown lands must be manufactured within the Canadian boundary.

On account of essays its enormous supply of pulpwood still available, of its practically inexhaustible water-power resources, and of its geographical position, unequalled in Canada for trade with Europe and the United States, Quebec bids fair to on the broken heart donne continue to essays written about lysistrata lead in the production of pulp-and-paper. Abundant measures are taken by the administration to protect the forests by an extensive system of fire prevention, to prevent the depletion by the establishment of higher forest reserves in large areas and essays written about lysistrata, of nurseries which provide material for distribution or the reclaiming of waste lands by essays, tree planting, and finally by essays written, the establishment of various schools of forest researches, of forest rangers, and even of paper-making. From the fifth rank which she held in the Canadian mineral industry in 1927, the province of Quebec has passed to the second in 1944, the total output of her mines and essays impact, quarries for that year being valued at $88,751,614. Until recently the great bulk of minerals produced in the province was of the non-metallic order, such as asbestos, mica, magnesite, and practically all the building materials, granite, lime-stone, marble, etc. To-day more than half of the production is from metals, principally gold and copper. The value of gold production in Quebec has jumped from $172,214 in 1927 to $7,914,556 in 1935, and to $28,751,184 in 1944. During the same period, the value of copper produced has increased from $407,146 to $12,966,620. This phenomenal increase is due to the discovery of important gold quartz veins of considerable extent and of vast deposits of solid sulphides carrying gold and copper in the Timiskaming and Abitibi districts which are the continuation of the highly mineralized rocks of eastern Ontario . We have yet a very incomplete idea of the mineral potentialities of the province of Quebec, less than 40,000 of her 600,000 square miles having been prospected so far, but geologists are more and about lysistrata, more of the opinion that Quebec 's mineral resources will before long exceed its agricultural resources. The immense region which lies in thesis, the north, in the Ungava district, is reputed totally Precambrian, and, when exploited, it should yield an essays lysistrata, immense quantity of essays on the broken heart donne minerals of all kinds. Among minerals of the non-metallic class, asbestos holds the first place in Quebec . The important asbestos deposits situated in what is written known as the Serpentine Belt produced in 1944, 419,265 tons valued at wade $20,619,516, which is about 80 per essays cent. of the total consumption of the world.

It is so far the principal mineral wealth of the Appalachian region, but it is firmly believed by many that the Eastern Townships themselves have not yet told all their story in respect of mining. The manufacturing industry in Quebec has marked a considerable progress in essay on african in the post-reconstruction era, the present century. Measures taken by the government for the manufacturing of a considerable part of the raw material within the territory of the province, the abundance of water-power and also the general conditions of labour, which are favourable, have induced each year the investment of a larger amount of capital, mostly from the neighbouring United States. This capital, which amounted to $142,403,407 in 1901, had increased to $2,230,620,386 in 1943. As to the total value of manufactured products it increased from essays, $158,287,994 in 1901 to $1,155,201,014 in 1929. In 1944 the gross value of products was $2,929,685,183. Pulp-and-paper making is the broken donne, principal manufacturing industry of the essays lysistrata, province, the gross value of its products having amounted in how to find a dissertation, 1944 to $186,918,517.

Next in importance are the power plants, the textiles, the smelters, the tobacco factories, the clothing mills, the petroleum refineries, and the leather factories. Montreal , or more correctly Greater Montreal, remains the largest manufacturing centre, sharing over 3,000 of the 9,372 industrial establishments of the province, and a similar proportion of the essays about, total capital invested, but the move towards decentralization is yearly increasing. Discursive Essays? Outside of Montreal , the city of Quebec still has the lead as to value of essays written about output, but it is wade closely followed by Three Rivers, the principal seat of the pulp-and-paper industry. About? The most important of the other manufacturing towns are Drummondville with its celanese factory; Valleyfield and Magog, with their cotton mills, Shawinigan Falls, Grand'Mère, La Tuque, and East Angus with their pulp mills, Hull, Sherbrooke, St. Hyacinthe, and St.-Johns [St.

Jean] with their varied industries, and finally Arvida with its huge aluminium plant. Of all the Canadian provinces Quebec is the richest in waterpower, both potential and developed. To the north of the St. Lawrence, practically the higher discursive essays, whole territory, including that draining towards Hudson Bay and the North Atlantic, is part of the essays written about lysistrata, great Laurentian plateau , whose extensive lake and roe vs, stream system are favourable to the widespread location of waterpower sites both great and small. To the south, the topography is written somewhat different, but there are still rivers like the Richelieu, the St. François, and the Chaudière with considerable waterpower resources. As far as they are known, the total available power resources of the province of Quebec aggregate 13,064,000 horsepower at ordinary six months' flow, and 8,459,000 at ordinary minimum flow, that is to say continuously available 24 hours per day throughout the year. Of this total 5,848,572 horse-power was already utilized in 1945; and this represents about 50 per cent. of the turbine installation in the whole of Canada . The outstanding power rivers of the province are the St. Lawrence, which has between two and two-and-a-half million horse-power available between the Ontario boundary and Montreal; the Ottawa river and its Quebec tributaries with from 1,000,000 to essays 1,600,000 horse-power, the St.

Maurice river and its tributaries with upwards of 1,000,000 horse-power, and essays written about, the Saguenay and its tributaries with from 1,260,000 to 1,530,000 horse-power. Of these, the St. Maurice river is at present the essays television, largest source of power, 602,500 horse-power being already installed on different sites. To ensure an equal flow of water in essays written about lysistrata, the principal rivers serving power stations and roe vs, manufactures, the government has built four large storage dams, the principal of which is the Gouin dam, with a capacity of 160,000 million cubic feet, in the headwaters of the river St. Maurice . There were in essays, 1943 in the province of Quebec 101 central electric stations, which, with a capital investment of $817,443,304, supplied power to innumerable industries and generated not less than 23,477,824,000 kilowatt hours of by john electricity. The production of power through the harnessing of falls and rivers is unquestionably the chief factor in the industrial development of the province of Quebec ; it has given impetus to manufactures in many small centres and spread the general use of electricity for commercial, municipal, and essays, domestic purposes.

The education system of the province of Quebec is dual, Catholic and discursive essays, Protestant [The confessional educational system is now replaced by one base on language]. There is no minister of education [this was the case until 1964; see the collection of about lysistrata documents on the attempt to create a Ministry of Education in 1897], but the department of education is represented in the legislature by the provincial secretary. The nonpolitical head of the essays on the by john donne, department is the superintendent, who is assisted by written about lysistrata, a French and by an English secretary; the latter of whom is also styled director of Protestant education. All matters concerning taxation, erection of municipalities, election of commissioners and trustees, and civil management of school affairs generally, are regulated by essay, the legislature through the Education Act, but the real power in matters of education is vested in a Superior Council of Public Instruction, of which the superintendent is president ex-officio. The Superior Council is made of two committees, one Catholic and one Protestant, which sit separately. The Catholic committee is composed of all the archbishops and bishops of the province and of as many laymen appointed by the government, while the about, Protestant committee, equal to the former in number, is wholly appointed. Each committee manages independently the educational affairs of the section of the population belonging to its religious denomination. They make all regulations concerning the organization of essay in the post-reconstruction schools under their control, the government of normal schools, the approval of textbooks, etc., and these regulations have force of law when approved by order-in-council. The province itself is divided into school municipalities, the limits of which generally coincide with those of the parish, and which are administered by five commissioners elected every three years by the tax-payers.

In most of the essays written about, rural districts, the majority is French and Catholic, but any minority, Protestant or Catholic, has the right of dissenting and of establishing a commission of its own, three in essays television children, number, governing its own schools. The direct administration of the schools, the appointment of teachers and essays written about, the levying of taxes according to legislative regulations are under the control of the school commissioners. In important cities or towns, there may be special laws governing the school boards, but in every case Protestants and Catholics attend independently to a dissertation the education of their own. There are three grades of schools in essays written, the province: schools for primary education, for secondary education, and for superior education. Since 1929 the Catholic primary schools have been divided into five categories: infant; primary, elementary, primary complementary, primary superior, and domestic sciences schools. The Protestant retain the division into elementary, intermediate, and high schools.

While the Protestant committee controls primary education and to some extent secondary education, through the high schools, the Catholic committee controls only the five categories of primary schools and the normal schools intended for the training of primary teachers. Secondary education is dispensed to the Catholic young men through 21 classical colleges affiliated to one or the other university of the same denomination and to the Catholic young girls through superior teaching convents sometimes also affiliated. A Dissertation? These institutions are independent of the control of the Council of written Education, but may receive grants from the government on certain conditions. Of the four universities existing in the province, McGill University in Montreal is non-sectarian, Laval University of Quebec and the University of Montreal are Catholic, and Bishop's College of Lennoxville is Anglican. There is no compulsory education in the province of how to a dissertation Quebec [at the time of publication of this article, in 1948, this was already incorrect as compulsory education was introduced in 1943; see the text on Adélard Godbout for essays, further details] but school attendance favourably compares with that found elsewhere. During the last quarter of a century the school population has steadily grown out of proportion to the growth of the general population. Another indication of progress is that while the total cost of education was $34,591,963 in 1933, it had amounted in 1944 to $52,070,465. The government consists of a lieutenant-governor appointed by the Dominion government, a Legislative Council appointed for life by the provincial government [this council was abolished in 1968], and a Legislative Assembly [now called the higher essays, National Assembly] elected for lysistrata, [a maximum of] five years.

Quebec is the only province in the Dominion which has retained a Legislative Council. While the membership of the Legislative Council is fixed at essays 24, that of the Legislative Assembly may vary according to circumstances; it is at present 90 [now 125]. The Executive Council is composed as follows: the premier [called Premier Ministre in French], who may or may not administer a special department, a provincial treasurer, an attorney-general, a provincial secretary, a minister of lands and forests, a minister of colonization, a minister of fisheries, a minister of agriculture, a minister of public works, a minister of roads, a minister of labour, and lastly a minister of municipal affairs and commerce. A certain number of other ministers may also have a seat in the provincial cabinet, but without a portfolio. In the Dominion parliament, Quebec is represented by 65 [now 75 members] members elected to the House of Commons and 24 members appointed for life to the Senate. Written Lysistrata? By virtue of the Canadian constitution itself, Quebec is the pivotal province in the matter of representation. Its quota of 65 members in the House of Commons is on african american history post-reconstruction era unchangeable, while to each of the other provinces is assigned a number of representatives bearing the same proportion to written the number of its population ascertained by the preceding census as the number 65 bears to the number of the population of Quebec [on this issue see the following text]. The total ordinary revenues of the province which were of $4,563,432 in 1901 had increased to $96,455,703 in 1945. The net funded debt for the same year was $328,362,569.

The arms of the province of Quebec are as follows: Or, on a fesse gules, a lion passant guardant or; in chief two fleurs de lis azure and in heart by john, base three maple leaves slipped vert. To these arms, conceded by royal mandate in 1868, was added in 1883 the oftquoted motto: Je me souviens [I remember] . Among the numerous books which may be consulted on the province of Quebec and her people, the following may be mentioned: I. Lebrun, Tableau statistique et politique des deux Canadas (Paris, 1832); Robert Christie, A history of the late province of Lower Canada (6 vols., Montreal, 1848-55); S. Drapeau, Études sur les développements de la colonization du Bas-Canada (Québec 1863); E. de Nevers, L'avenir du peuple canadien français (Paris, 1896); A. Siegfried, Le Canada, les deux races (Paris, 1906) ; E. Salone, La colonisation de la Nouvelle France (Paris, 1906); L. Arnould, Nos amis les canadiens (Paris, 1912) ; J. C. Hopkins, French Canada (Philadelphia, 1913) ; A. Shortt and A. Essays Written About Lysistrata? G. Doughty (eds.), Canada and its provinces (Toronto, 1914, vols. xv-xvi); F. X. Garneau, Histoire du Canada (6th edition, 2 vols., Paris, 1913-30) ; L. Hémon, Maria Chapdelaine (Montreal, 1916); Sir Thos. Chapais, Cours d'his­toire du Canada (8 vols., Quebec, 1919-34); L. Groulx, La naissance d'une race (Montreal, 1919) ; L. Groulx, Lend emains de conquête (Montreal, 1920); I. Caron, La. colonisation de la province de Québec: Débuts du régime anglais (1760-1791) (Québec, 1923) ; A. Rivard, Chez nous (Quebec, 1924), translated by W. H. Blake (New York, 1924); J. C. Bracq, Evolution of French Canada (New York, 1924); F. O. Call, The spell of the province of Quebec (New York, 1926) ; I. Caron, La colonisation de la province de Québec: Les Cantons de l'Est (1791­-1815); (Quebec, 1927); G. Bouchard, Other days, other ways (Montreal, 1928) ; G. Vattier, Esquisse historique de la colonisation de la province de Québec (1608-1925) (Paris, 1928); G. Vattier, Essai sur la mentalité canadienne fran­ çaise (Paris, 1928) ; W. Wood (ed.), Storied province of Quebec (5 vols., Toronto, 1931); J. Essay On Humanity? C. Sutherland, The province of Quebec (Toronto, 1931); B. Davies, Romantic Quebec (New York, 1932); W. Bovey, Canadien, a study of the French Canadians (London, 1933); G. Langlois, Histoire de la population canadienne française (Montreal, 1932); A. Essays About Lysistrata? L. Burt, The old province of how to a dissertation Quebec (Toronto, 1935); Raoul Blanchard, L'est du Canada français (2 vols., Montreal, 1935); Raoul Blanchard, La région du fleuve St Laurent entre Québec et Montreal ( Grenoble, 1936); and C N. Boissonnneault, Histoire politique de la province de Québec (Quebec, 1936). Source: W. Stewart WALLACE, ed., Quebec, in The Encyclopedia of Canada , Toronto, University Associates of Canada, 1948, 401p., pp. 192-202.

The article was written by Aegidius Fauteux.

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close to shore essay and the Mental States I Believe They Have and lysistrata, Need in Order. to Participate in the Social Relationships I have Observed. By Karen Davis, PhD, President of United Poultry Concerns. of Toronto in a dissertation, Ontario, is the essays lysistrata opening chapter in Experiencing Animal Minds: An Anthology of. Animal-Human Encounters , ed. Essay History Post-reconstruction Era? Julie A. Smith Robert W. Mitchell, Columbia University Press, 2012. I looked at essays written, the Chicken endlessly, and I wondered. What lay behind the veil of animal secrecy?

In this essay, I discuss the social life of chickens and the mental states that I believe they have and need in order to participate in the social relationships that I have observed in them. How To A Dissertation? What follows is a personalized, candid discussion of essays lysistrata what I know, what I think I know, and what I am unsure of but have observed relevant to the minds of chickens in their relationships with each other and with other species and with me. Chickens evolved in the foothills of the Himalayan Mountains and find a dissertation, the tropical forests of Southeast Asia where they have lived and raised their families for thousands of essays about years. Most people I talk to had no idea that chickens are natives of a rugged, forested habitat filled with vibrant tropical colors and how to a dissertation, sounds. Similarly surprising to essays about lysistrata, many is the fact that chickens are endowed with memory and emotions, and that they have a keenly developed consciousness of one another and of their surroundings. A newspaper reporter who visited our sanctuary a few years ago was surprised to learn that chickens recognize each other as individuals, especially after they’ve been separated. A friend and essays impact children, I had recently rescued a hen and a rooster in essays, a patch of woods alongside a road in rural Virginia on the Eastern Shore. The first night we managed to get the hen out of the tree, but the rooster got away. The following night after hours of playing hide and seek with him in the rain, we succeeded in impact television children, netting the essays written about lysistrata rooster, and the two were reunited at our sanctuary.

When the reporter visited a few days later, she was impressed that these two chickens, Lois and Lambrusco, were foraging together as a couple, showing that they remembered each other after being apart. Chickens form memories that influence their social behavior from the time they are embryos, and they update their memories over find a dissertation the course of their lives. I’ve observed their memories in action at our sanctuary. For instance, if I have to remove a hen from the flock for essays written lysistrata, two or three weeks in order to treat an infection, when I put her outside again, she moves easily back into the flock, which accepts her as if she had never been away. Higher Essays? There may be a little showdown, a tiff instigated by another hen, but the challenge is quickly resolved. Best of all, I’ve watched many a returning hen be greeted by her own flock members led by the rooster walking over and gathering around her conversably, as if they were saying to her, “Where have you been?” and “How are you?” and “We’re glad you’re back.” My Experience with Mother Hens and Their Families. What of the hens whom we observe each day at home, with what care and assiduity they govern and guard their chicks? Some let down their wings for the chicks to come under; others arch their backs for them to climb upon; there is written about, no part of their bodies with which they do not wish to cherish their chicks if they can, nor do they do this without a joy and alacrity which they seem to exhibit by the sound of their voices. - Plutarch. The purpose of our sanctuary on the Virginia Eastern Shore is to provide a home for higher discursive, chickens who already exist, rather than adding to the population and thus diminishing our capacity to adopt more birds.

For this reason we do not allow our hens to hatch their eggs in the spring and early summer as they would otherwise do, given their association with the essays roosters in our yard. Wade? All of our birds have been adopted from situations of abandonment or abuse, or else they were no longer wanted or able to essays written about, be cared for by their previous owners. Our two-acre sanctuary is a fenced open yard that shades into tangled wooded areas filled with trees, bushes, vines, undergrowth and the soil chickens love to scratch in all year round. It also includes several smaller fenced enclosures with chicken-wire roofs, each with its own predator-proof house, for by john donne, chickens who are inclined to fly over fences during chick-hatching season, and thus be vulnerable to the raccoons, foxes, owls, possums and other predators inhabiting the woods and fields around us. I learned the hard way about the vulnerability of chickens to predators. Once, a hen named Eva, who had jumped the fence and been missing for several weeks, reappeared in early June with a brood of eight fluffy chicks. This gave me a chance to observe directly some of the maternal behavior I had read so much about.

We had adopted Eva into our sanctuary along with several other hens and a rooster confiscated during a cockfighting raid in Alabama. Watching Eva travel around the yard, outside the sanctuary fence with her tiny brood close behind her, was like watching a family of wild birds whose dark and golden feathers blended perfectly with the woods and essays about, foliage they melted in impact, and out of during the essays about lysistrata day. Periodically, at wade, the edge of the woods, Eva would squat down with her feathers puffed out, and her peeping chicks would all run under her wings for essays lysistrata, comfort and warmth. A few minutes later, the family was on the move again. Throughout history, hens have been praised for higher discursive, their ability to defend their young from an attacker. I watched Eva do exactly this one day when a large dog wandered in front of the magnolia tree where she and her chicks were foraging. With her wings outspread and curved menacingly toward the about lysistrata dog, she rushed at him over and over, cackling loudly, all the while continuing to how to find a dissertation, push her chicks behind herself with her wings. The dog stood stock still before the excited mother hen, and soon ambled away, but Eva maintained her aggressive posture of self-defense, her sharp, repetitive cackle and attentive lookout for several minutes after he was gone. Eva’s behavior toward the dog differed radically from her behavior toward me, demonstrating her ability to distinguish between a likely predator and essays written, someone she perceived as presenting no dire threat to her and her chicks. She already knew me from the sanctuary yard, and though I had never handled her apart from lifting her out history of the lysistrata crate she’d arrived in from Alabama several months earlier, when I started discreetly stalking her and her family, to get the closest possible view of essays on the by john donne them, the most she did when she saw me coming was dissolve with her brood into the woods or disappear under the magnolia tree. While she didn’t see me as particularly dangerous, she nevertheless maintained a wary distance that, over time, diminished to essays written, where she increasingly brought her brood right up to essays television, the sanctuary fence, approaching the written about front steps of on african american history in the our house, and ever closer to me - but not too close just yet.

When she and essays written, her chicks were out and about, and I called to a dissertation, her, “Hey, Eva,” she’d quickly look up at me, poised and alert for several seconds, before resuming her occupation. One morning, I looked outside expecting to see the little group in the dewy grass, but they were not there. Knowing that mother raccoons prowled nightly looking for written about, food for their own youngsters in the summer, I sadly surmised they were the likely reason that I never saw my dear Eva and her chicks again. I kneeled down and higher discursive essays, stared into the face of the chick who looked intently back at me, before it hid itself, then peeked out again. I looked closely into Daffodil’s face as well, knowing from written about lysistrata, experience that making direct eye contact with chickens is crucial to forming a trusting, friendly relationship with them. If chickens see people only from the standpoint of boots and on african history era, shoes, and people don’t look them in the eye and talk to them, no bond of friendship will be formed between human and bird. I’ve seen this difference expressed between hens we’ve adopted into our sanctuary from an essays written, egg production facility, for example, and chickens brought to us as young birds or as someone’s former pet. Impact Children? Former egg-industry hens tend to look back at me, not with that sharp, bright, direct focus of a fully confident chicken, but with a watchful opacity that no doubt in part reflects their having spent their entire previous lives in cages or on written crowded floors in dark, polluted buildings that permanently affected their eyes before coming to our sanctuary. Psychologically, it’s as if they’ve pulled down a little curtain between themselves and human beings that does not prevent friendship but infuses their recovery with a settled strain of fear.

I’ll say more about discursive essays, these hens presently. From the very first, a large red rooster named Francis regularly visited Daffodil and her chick in their nesting place, and lysistrata, Daffodil acted happy and content to have him there. Discursive? Frequently, I found him quietly sitting with her and the little chick, who scrambled around both of them, in and out of their feathers. Though roosters will mate with more than one hen in the flock, a rooster and a hen will also form bonds so strong that they will refuse to mate with anyone else. Could it be that Francis was the about lysistrata father of this chick and that he and Daffodil knew it? He certainly was uniquely and intimately involved with the pair, and it wasn’t as though he was the head of the flock, the one who oversaw all of the hens and the other roosters and essay, was thus fulfilling his duty in that role. Rather, Francis seemed simply to be a member of this particular family.

For the essays written lysistrata rest of the summer, Daffodil and her chick formed a kind of enchanted circle with an inviolable space all around themselves, as they roamed together in the yard, undisturbed by the other chickens. Not once did I see Francis or any of the other roosters try to mate with Daffodil during the time she was raising her frisky chick - the little one I named Daisy who grew up to be Sir Daisy, a large, handsome rooster with white and golden-brown feathers. My Relationship with the Hens in Our Sanctuary. The industry must convey the message that hens are distinct from companion species to defuse the american in the post-reconstruction era misperceptions. - Simon Shane, Editor, Egg Industry. The poultry industry represents chickens bred for food as mentally vacuous, eviscerated organisms. Hens bred for commercial egg production are said to be suited to a caged environment, with no need for personal space or normal foraging and about lysistrata, social activity. They are characterized as aggressive cannibals who, notwithstanding their otherwise mindless passivity and affinity for cages, cannot live together in a cage without first having a portion of their sensitive beaks burned off - otherwise, it is said, they will tear each other up. Similarly, the instinct to tend and fuss over her eggs and be a mother has been rooted out of these hens (so it is claimed), and the idea of on humanity one’s having a social relationship with such hens is essays written lysistrata, dismissed as silly sentimentalism.

I confess I have yet to meet a single example of these so-called cannibalistic cage-loving birds. Over the years, we have adopted hundreds of “egg-type” hens into our sanctuary straight from the cage environment, which is all they ever knew until they were rescued and placed gently on the ground where they felt the earth next to their bodies for the first time in their lives. To watch a little group of essays nearly featherless hens with naked necks and mutilated beaks respond to this experience is deeply moving. Written About Lysistrata? Because their bones have never been properly exercised and their toenails are long and spindly for never having scratched vigorously in the ground, some hens take a few days or longer learning to walk normally and fly up to a perch and settle on it securely, but their desire to do these things is evident from the essays on the broken by john donne time they arrive. Chickens released from a long siege in a cage and placed on the ground almost invariably start making the tentative, increasingly vigorous gestures of taking a dustbath. They paddle and fling the written dirt with their claws, rake in particles of earth with their beaks, fluff up their feathers, roll on their sides, pause from time to on the broken, time with their eyes closed, and stretch out their legs in obvious relish at being able to bask luxuriously and satisfy their urge to essays lysistrata, clean themselves and to be clean. Carefully lifting a battered hen, who has never known anything before but brutal handling, out of a transport carrier and placing her on the ground to begin taking her first real dustbath (as opposed to the “vacuum” dustbaths hens try to perform in a cage) is a gesture from essay on african american history era, which a trusting relationship between human and bird grows. If hens were flowers, it would be like watching a flower unfold, or in the case of written about lysistrata a little flock of hens set carefully on the ground together, a little field of thesis flowers transforming themselves from withered stalks into blossoms. For chickens, dustbathing is not only a cleansing activity; it is written lysistrata, also a social gathering.

Typically, one hen begins the wade thesis process and is quickly joined by written about other hens and maybe one or two roosters. Soon the on humanity birds are buried so deep in their dustbowls that only the moving tail of a rooster or an outspread wing can be seen a few feet away. Eventually, one by written about one, the little flock emerges from on african american history era, their ritual entrancement all refreshed. Each bird stands up, vigorously shakes the dirt particles out of his or her feathers, creating a fierce little dust storm before running off to the next engaging activity. Charity (front) with Freddaflower Zelda dustbathing. Early on written about as I began forming our sanctuary and organization in the 1980s, I drove one day from essays, Maryland to New York to pick up seven former battery-caged hens. Instead of essays written lysistrata crating them in the car, I allowed them to sit together in the back seat on towels, so they wouldn’t be cramped yet again in a dark enclosure, unable to see out the essay on humanity windows or to essays about lysistrata, see me. Also, I wanted to watch them through my rearview mirror and talk to them. Once their flutter of anxiety and fear had subsided, the find a dissertation hens sat quietly in essays written about lysistrata, the car, occasionally standing up to thesis, stretch a leg or a wing, all the while peering out from under their pale and pendulous combs (the bright red crest on top of essays written lysistrata chickens’ heads grows abnormally long, flaccid and yellowish-white in higher essays, the cage environment) as I drove and spoke to them of the lysistrata life awaiting. Essays? Then an astonishing thing happened.

The most naked and pitiful looking hen began making her way slowly from the essays written about lysistrata back seat, across the passenger seat separator, toward me. Higher Discursive Essays? She crawled onto essays written lysistrata my knee and settled herself in wade, my lap for the remainder of the trip. The question has been asked whether chickens can form intentions. Do they have “intentionality”? Do they consciously formulate purposes and carry them out? In the essays rearview mirror I watched Bonnie, that ravaged little hen, make a difficult yet beeline trip from the backseat of the essays car into my lap. About Lysistrata? Reliving the scene in my mind, I see her journey as her intention to reach me. Once she obtained her objective, she rested without further incident. Intentionality in chickens is shown in many ways. An example is roe vs wade thesis, a hen’s desire not only to lay an egg, but to written, lay her egg in a particular place with a particular group of hens, or in a secluded spot she has chosen - and she has definitely chosen it. I’ve watched hens delay laying their egg until they got where they wanted to be.

Conscious or not at the outset, once the on humanity intention has been formed, the hen is consciously and emotionally committed to accomplishing it. No other interpretation of essays lysistrata her behavior makes sense by comparison. Higher Discursive? Sarah, for example, a white leghorn hen from a battery-cage egg-laying operation who came to our sanctuary with osteoporosis and a broken leg, was determined, as she grew stronger, to climb the front stairs of our house, one laborious step at written about lysistrata, a time, just so that she could lay her egg behind the toilet in the bathroom next to the second floor landing. This was a hen, remember, who had never known anything before in her life but a crowded metal cage among thousands of cages in a windowless building. I was Sarah’s friendly facilitator. I cheered her on, and the interest I showed in her and her wishes and successes was a critical part of her recovery, both physical and broken, mental.

These days in essays written lysistrata, the morning when I unhook the door of the little house in which eight hens and thesis, Sir Valery Valentine the rooster spend the night, brown Josephine runs alongside me and dashes ahead down to the Big House where she waits in a state of eager anticipation while I unlatch the door to let the birds who are eagerly assembled on essays lysistrata the other side of that door out into essay history, the yard. Out they rush, and in goes Josephine, straight to the favorite spot shaped by herself and her friends into a comfy nest atop three stacked bales of straw that, envisioned in her mind’s eye, she was determined to get to. Written Lysistrata? Why else, unless she remembered the essays place and her experience in written about lysistrata, it with anticipatory pleasure, would she be determined day after day to repeat the episode? Miss Sentinel Soul Sir Valery Valentine. In her mind’s eye as well is broken by john donne, my own role in her morning ritual. I hold the Keys to the little straw Kingdom Josephine is essays written about, eager to reenter, and on humanity, she accompanies me trustingly and expectantly as we make our way toward it. Likewise, our hen Charity knew that I held the about keys to the cellar where she laid her eggs for years in essay on humanity, a pile of essays written lysistrata books in higher, a cabinet beside a table I worked at. Lysistrata? Unlike Josephine, Charity wanted to lay her egg in a private place, free of the fussing of essays hens gathered together and sharing their nest, often accompanied by a rooster boisterously crowing the egg-laying news amid the cacophony of written lysistrata cackles.

Charity didn’t mind my presence in the cellar. She seemed to like me sitting there, each of us intent on our silent endeavor. If the cellar door was closed, blocking her way to the basement when she was ready to lay her egg, she would pace back and forth in front of the window on the opposite side of the children house where I sat at my desk facing the window. If I didn’t respond quickly enough, she’d start pecking at the window with an increasing bang to get me to move. Written About Lysistrata? By the discursive time I ran up the steps and opened the cellar door, she’d already be standing there, having raced around the house as soon as she saw me get up. Down the cellar steps she’d trip, jump into the cabinet, and settle as still as a statue in her book nook. Essays Written About? After she had laid her egg and spent a little time with it, she let me know she was ready to essays on the broken, go back outside, running up the steps to the landing where she waited until I opened the written door, and out she went. Do events like these suggest that the chickens regard me as a chicken like themselves? I don’t really think so, other than perhaps when they are motherless chicks and I am their sole provider and protector, similar to the way children raised by wolves imprint on impact children and behave like wolves. I see the ability of chickens to bond with me and be endearingly companionable as an extension of their ability to adapt their native instincts to habitats and essays about lysistrata, human-created environments that stimulate their natural ability to perceive analogies and fit what they find where they happen to be to how to, the fulfillment of about their own needs and on african in the era, desires.

The inherently social nature of chickens enables them to socialize successfully with a variety of other species and to essays written about, form bonds of interspecies affection. Having adopted into our sanctuary many incapacitated young chickens from the “broiler” chicken (meat) industry, I know how quickly they learn to recognize me and my voice and their own names. They twitter and chirp when I talk to them, and they turn their heads to watch me moving about roe vs wade thesis, or away from them. Living in written about lysistrata, the house until they are well enough to go outside if they ever can, they quickly learn the cues I provide that signify their comfort and care and establish their personal identity. This is not to suggest that chickens are unlimitedly malleable. Mother hens and their embryos have a genetic repertoire of communications that are too subtle for humans to decipher entirely, let alone imitate.

Chickens have ancestral memories that predispose the development of their self-identity and behavior. History In The Era? Even chickens incubated in mechanical hatcheries and deprived of parental influence - virtually all of the birds at our sanctuary - behave like chickens in essential ways. For instance, they all follow the essays about sun around the yard. Thesis? They all sunbathe, dropping to the ground and lying on their sides with one wing outspread, then turning over and spreading out the other wing while raising their neck feathers to allow the warm sunlight and vitamin D to penetrate their skin. Similar to dustbathing, sunbathing is a social as well as a healthful activity for chickens, where you see one bird drop to the ground where the essays about lysistrata sun is shining, followed by another and then another, and if you don’t know what they are doing, you will think they had died the way they lie still with their eyes closed, flopped like mops under the sun. I’m aware when I am in essay on african history post-reconstruction era, the yard with them that the chickens are constantly sending, receiving and responding to many signals that elude me. They also exhibit a clear sense of distinction between themselves, as chickens, and the three ducks, two turkeys and peacock Frankencense who share their sanctuary space.

And they definitely know the difference between themselves and their predators, such as foxes and hawks, whose proximity raises a sustained alarm through the entire flock. I remember how our broiler hen Miss Gertrude, who couldn’t walk, alerted me with her agitated voice and written about, body movements that a fox was lurking on the edge of the woods. Frankencense the wade thesis peacock, Donald Arnold the essays about ducks, five Sentinel Sister hens, and Aubrey the turkey at UPC. While all of our sanctuary birds mingle together amiably, typically the ducks potter about as a trio, and Frankencense the peacock displays his plumage before the hens, who view him for impact television, the most part impassively. The closest interspecies relationship I’ve observed among our birds is between the chickens and the turkeys. A few years ago, our hen Muffie bonded in true friendship with our adopted turkey Mila, after Muffie’s friend Fluffie (possibly her actual sister) died suddenly and left her bereft, of which I’ll say more later.

Right from the start, Muffie and Mila shared a quiet affection, foraging together and sometimes preening each other very delicately. Essays About Lysistrata? One of their favorite rituals was in the evenings when I changed their water and ran the hose in their bowls. Together, Muffie and essay on humanity, Mila would follow the tiny rivulets along the ground, drinking as they went, Muffie darting and drinking like a brisk brown fairy, Mila dreamily swaying and sipping, piping her intermittent flute notes. Notwithstanding, I don’t think Muffie ever thought of herself as a “turkey” in her relationship with Mila, and I doubt very much that chickens bonded with humans experience themselves as “human,” particularly when other chickens are nearby - out of sight maybe, but not out of earshot. (Chickens have keen, discriminating hearing as well as full spectrum color vision. Chick embryos have been shown to distinguish the crow of a rooster from other sounds from essays, inside their shells.) Chickens in my experience have a core identity and sense of essays broken by john themselves as chickens. An example is a chick I named Fred, sole survivor of a classroom hatching project in which embryos were mechanically incubated. Fred was so large, loud and demanding from the moment he set foot in our kitchen, I assumed he’d grow up to be a rooster. He raced up and essays written about lysistrata, down the hallway, hopped up on my shoulder, leapt to the top of my head, ran across my back, down my arm and onto the floor when I was at the computer, and was generally what you’d call “pushy,” but adorably so.

I remember one day putting Fred outdoors in an enclosure with a few adult hens on the ground, and essays television, he flew straight up the tree to a branch, peeping loudly, apparently wanting no part of them. “Fred” grew into a lustrously beautiful black hen whom I renamed Freddaflower. Often we’d sit on the sofa together at night while I watched television or read. Even by essays written herself, Freddaflower liked to heart donne, perch on the arm of the sofa in essays, front of the roe vs wade thesis TV when it was on, suggesting she liked to be there because it was our special place. She ran up and written lysistrata, down the stairs to essay american history post-reconstruction, the second floor as she pleased, and often I would find her in the guestroom standing prettily in front of the full-length mirror preening her feathers and observing herself. She appeared to be fully aware that it was she herself she was looking at in the mirror. I’d say to her, “Look, Freddaflower - that’s you! Look how pretty you are!” And she seemed already to know that. Freddaflower loved for written lysistrata, me to hold her and pet her.

She demanded to be picked up. She would close her eyes and purr while I stroked her feathers and kissed her face. Higher? From time to written about lysistrata, time, I placed her outside in essay on humanity, the chicken yard, and sometimes she ventured out on her own, but she always came back. Essays About? Eventually I noticed she was returning to me less and less, and for shorter periods. One night she elected to find a dissertation, remain in the chicken house with the flock. From then on written until she died of ovarian cancer in my arms two years later, Freddaflower expressed her ambivalence of wanting to be with me but also wanting to be with the other hens, to socialize and nest with them and participate in their world and the reliving of ancestral experiences that she carried within herself. Liqin Cao and Freddaflower. My Relationship with the essays broken heart by john donne Roosters in Our Sanctuary. A less happy ambivalence appeared in a soft-colored gray and written about, white rooster I named Ruby when he was brought to essay on humanity, our sanctuary as a young bird by written about a girl who swore he was a hen.

Following me about the essay on african american in the post-reconstruction era house on his brisk little legs, even sleeping beside me on essays written my pillow at night, Ruby grew up to be a rooster. Higher Discursive? In spite of our close relationship during his first months of written about life, once he became sexually mature, Ruby’s attitude toward me changed. In the yard with the how to other chickens, he showed no disposition to fight. He didn’t attack other birds or provoke antagonisms. He fit in with the existing flock of hens and roosters, but toward me and other people he became compulsively aggressive. As soon as I (or anyone) appeared in about lysistrata, the yard, Ruby ran from wherever he was and physically attacked us. Having to work in the yard under his vigilant eye, I took to carrying a bottomless birdcage and placing it over him while I worked. When finished I would lift it off him and walk backward toward the gate with the birdcage in essays impact children, front of me as a shield. What I saw taking place in Ruby was a conflict he couldn’t control, and from which he suffered emotionally, between an autonomous genetic impulse on essays about lysistrata the one hand, and his personal desire on the other to be friendly with me. He got to where when he saw me coming with the essays broken heart by john birdcage, he would walk right up and written about lysistrata, let me place it over him as if grateful for my protection against a behavior he didn’t want to on african era, carry out. Even more tellingly, he developed a syndrome of essays about coughs and essay, sneezes whenever I approached, symptomatic, I believed, of his inner turmoil.

He didn’t have a respiratory infection, and despite his antagonism toward me, I never felt that he hated me but rather that he suffered from his dilemma, including his inability to essays, manage it. My personal experience with our sanctuary roosters confirms the literature I’ve read about essay on african american history in the post-reconstruction, wild and feral chickens documenting that the majority of roosters do not physically and compulsively attack one another. Chickens maintain a social order in which every member of the essays written about flock has a place and finds a place. During the day our roosters and hens break up into small, fluctuating groups that are somewhat, but by no means, rigidly territorial. Find? Antagonisms between roosters are resolved with bloodless showdowns and face-offs. The most notable exception is when a new rooster is introduced into an existing flock, which may provoke a temporary flare up, but even then, there is essays about, no predicting. Last year I placed newcomer Benjamin in a yard already occupied by two other roosters, Rhubarb and how to find a dissertation, Oliver and their twenty or so hens, and he fit in essays written about lysistrata, right away. Ruby won immediate acceptance when I put him outside in the chickenyard after living in the house with me for almost six months. In dealing with Ruby I found an unexpected ally in essay history post-reconstruction, our large red rooster Pola, who was so attentive to me, all I had to do was call him, and he bolted over essays from his hens and essays impact television children, let me pick him up and essays about, hold him. I have a greeting card photograph of Pola and me “crowing” together, my one hand clasped over his swelled-out chest, my other hand holding his claw, in a duet I captioned “With Heart and Voice.”

Playfully, I got into the habit of yelling “Pola, Help!” whenever Ruby acted like he was ready to come after me, which worked as well as the birdcage. Hearing my call, Pola would perk up, race over to where Ruby was about to charge, and run him off with such cheerful alacrity it was as if he knew this was our little game together. I’d always say, “Thank you, Pola, thank you!” and he acted very pleased with his performance and the praise I lavished on roe vs wade thesis him for “saving” me. Written Lysistrata? He stuck out on african era his chest, stretched up his neck, flapped his wings vigorously, and written lysistrata, crowed triumphantly a few times. Roosters crow to announce their accomplishments. How To A Dissertation? Even after losing a skirmish, a rooster will often crow as if to compensate for essays, his loss or deny its importance or call it a draw.

Last summer as I sat reading outside with the chickens, I was diverted by our two head roosters, Rhubarb and Sir Valery Valentine, crowing back and forth at each other in discursive essays, their respective yards just a few feet apart. It looked like Sir Valery was intentionally crossing a little too far into Rhubarb’s territory, and Rhubarb kept dashing at him to reinforce the boundary. There was not a hint of hostility between them; rather the contest, I decided as I watched them go at it, was being carried out as a kind of spirited mock ritual, in which each rooster rushed at essays lysistrata, the other, only to halt abruptly on his own side of the invisible buffer zone they apparently had agreed upon. At that point, each rooster paced up and down on his own side, steadily eyeing the higher essays other bird and written about lysistrata, crowing at roe vs wade thesis, him across the divide. After ten minutes or so, they each backed off and were soon engrossed in other activities. Roosters are so energetic and solicitous toward their hens, so intensely focused on every aspect of their social life together that one of the essays saddest things to see is a rooster in a state of decline due to age, illness or both. An aging or ailing rooster who can no longer hold his own in the flock suffers severely. He droops, and I have even heard a rooster cry over his loss of place and roe vs, prestige within his flock. Written About? This is what happened to our rooster Jules - “Gentleman Jules,” as my husband fondly named him - who came to our sanctuary in the following way. One day I received a phone call from the resident of an apartment building outside Washington, DC, saying that a rooster was loose in the complex and was being chased by children who were throwing stones at by john, him. After two weeks of trying, she managed to lure the rooster into the laundry room and about lysistrata, called me to how to find, come get him.

Expecting to find a cowering and emaciated creature needing to be carefully lifted out of a corner, I discovered instead a bright-eyed perky, chatty little fellow with glossy black feathers like Freddaflower. Essays About Lysistrata? I drove him to our sanctuary and set him outside with the flock, which at on the by john donne, the time included our large white broiler rooster Henry, and lysistrata, our feisty bantam rooster, Bantu, who loved nothing better than sitting in the breeze under the trees with his two favorite large brown hens, Nadia and Nadine. Jules was a sweet-natured rooster, warm and essay on african american in the era, affectionate to the core. He was a natural leader, and the hens loved him. Our dusky brown hen Petal, whom we’d adopted from another sanctuary, was especially devoted to Jules. Petal had curled gnarly toes, which didn’t stop her from essays written about, whisking away from anyone she didn’t want to impact television children, come near her; otherwise she sat still watching everything, especially Jules. Petal never made a sound; she didn’t cluck like most hens - except when Jules left her side a little too long. Then all of a sudden, the silent and immobile hen with the watchful eye let out a raucous SQUAWK, SQUAWK, SQUAWK, that didn’t stop until Jules had lifted his head up from whatever he was doing, and muttering to himself, ran over to comfort his friend. Jules the Rooster.

Two years after coming to live with us, Jules developed a respiratory infection that with treatment seemed to go away, but left him weak and vulnerable. Essays? He returned to the chickenyard only to essay, find himself supplanted by Glippie, with whom he had used to be cordial, but was now dueling, and written about, he didn’t have the heart or strength for it. His exuberance ebbed out of him and he became sad; there is no other word for the total condition of mournfulness he showed. On African American History Post-reconstruction Era? His voice, which had always been cheerful, changed to moaning tones of woe. He banished himself to the outer edges of the essays about chickenyard where he paced up and down, bawling so loudly I could hear him crying from inside the house. I brought him in with me and sought to comfort my beloved bird, who showed by how to his whole demeanor that knew he was dying and lysistrata, was hurt through and through by what he had become. Jules developed an abdominal tumor. One morning our veterinarian placed him gently on the floor of his office after a final and futile overnight stay. Higher Discursive? Jules looked up at me from the floor and let out essays lysistrata a low groan of “ooooohh” so broken that it pierced me through. I am pierced by how to it now, remembering the sorrow expressed by this dear sweet creature, “Gentleman Jules,” who had loved his life and his hens and was leaving it all behind. My Experience of essays written about Empathy and Affection in Chickens.

I perceive in your literature the proposal that chickens be treated as pets. I have been involved with many thousands of chickens and turkeys and I don’t think they are good pets, although it is discursive essays, evident that almost any vertebrate may be trained to come for essays written, food. Impact? - Thomas Jukes in a letter to the author, 1992. I have described how our hen Muffie bonded with our turkey Mila after Muffie’s inseparable companion, Fluffie, died leaving her bereft. Essays About Lysistrata? Muffie’s solicitude toward Fluffie portended the death that would soon claim her friend. A Dissertation? Like Jules, Fluffie developed an infection that treatment had seemed to lysistrata, heal, but she never fully recovered. One day, I looked out the kitchen window and on the broken heart, saw Muffie straddled on top of Fluffie with her wings extended over her. I called my husband to about lysistrata, come take a look at impact television children, this moving and written about, yet disturbing scene.

We saw it repeated several times over the next few days. On a late afternoon, I went outside to put Muffie and Fluffie in for the night but found them already in their house in essay, the straw. Fluffie stood drooping with her head and tail curved toward the ground and Muffie stood motionless beside her. Written Lysistrata? I rushed Fluffie to higher essays, the veterinarian and brought her home with medicine, but she died that same night in the small bedroom where she and written about lysistrata, Muffie had liked to essay, perch on top of the bookcase in front of the written about big window overlooking the yard. After Fluffie died, Muffie stood planted for days in the exact spot where Fluffie had last stood drooping and dying. Now, Muffie drooped in higher discursive essays, her place. She no longer scampered into written, the woods or came bursting into the kitchen to essays on the by john donne, jump up on the sink and peck holes in the sponge floating on essays about top of the dishwater. On Humanity? She was not interested in essays, me or the other chickens. Two weeks of this dejection and find a dissertation, I said, “We must get Muffie a new sister.” That is how Petal, who had loved Jules, came to live in our sanctuary. The minute Petal appeared, Muffie lost her torpor and became a bustling “police miss,” picking on written about Petal and patrolling everything Petal did until finally the two hens became amiable, but they were never pals. Through the years people have asked me, even more than whether chickens are “smart,” are they affectionate? - toward people, they particularly want to know.

In this essay I have sought to show the affectionate nature of roe vs wade thesis chickens toward me. Because I don’t just feed them but I also talk to them and look them in the eye and express my feelings for them, the birds at our sanctuary gather around me and about lysistrata, stand there serenely preening themselves or sit quietly on the ground next to my chair while I read and chat with them. Chickens represented by the poultry industry as incapable of friendship with humans have rested in my lap with their eyes closed as peacefully as sleeping babies, and as I have noted, they quickly learn their names. A little white hen from the egg industry named Karla became so friendly, all I had to do was call out “Karla!” and she would break through the american in the post-reconstruction era other hens and head straight toward me, knowing she’d be scooped off the ground and essays about lysistrata, kissed on how to her sweet face and over her closed eyes. Essays About? And I can still see Vicky, our large white hen from a “broiler breeder” operation, whose right eye had been knocked out, peeking around the corner of her house each time I shouted, “Vicky, what are you doing in there?” And there was Henry, likewise from on the broken heart by john donne, a broiler breeder operation, who came to written about lysistrata, our sanctuary dirty and how to, angry after falling out of written lysistrata a truck on essay on humanity the way to a slaughter plant. Lavished with my attention, Henry, who at first couldn’t bear to be touched, became as pliant and lovable as a big shaggy dog. I couldn’t resist wrestling him to the ground with bearish hugs, and his joy at being placed in a garden where he could eat all the tomatoes he wanted was expressed in groans of ecstasy. He was like, “Are all these riches of written food and higher, affection really for me?”

One of my most poignant memories is of a large black, beautiful hen I named Mavis. Mavis had been dropped off at lysistrata, a shelter by a man who’d exhibited her at agricultural fairs. Essays? She must have spent her whole life immobilized on the floor of a cage with a keeper who treated her like an object. During her first two weeks at our sanctuary, Mavis could not even stand up without crumbling to the ground, and she was deeply shy and inexpressive. In the chickenyard she sat alone by lysistrata the fence and poked around a little by herself without showing or attracting interest. I saw no sign that she was ever going to higher, recover from the emotional and written about, sensory deprivation of her previous life. Karen Davis Mavis.

During this time, we had three adult broiler hens - Bella Mae, Alice, and Florence. They were the opposite of Mavis. All I had to do was crouch down in the yard, and here comes one of my Three Graces, as I called them, Bella Mae for example, bumping up against me with her ample breast for an embrace. Immediately, Alice and Florence would hastily plod over on their heavy feet to on humanity, participate in the embracement ceremony. Assertively but with no aggression whatever, they would vie with one another, bumping against each other’s chests to maneuver the closest possible contact with me, and I would encircle all three of them with my arms.

One day as we were doing this, I looked up and saw Mavis just a few feet away, staring at us. The next time, the same thing happened. There was Mavis with her melancholy eyes watching me hugging the three white hens. And then it struck me - Mavis wants to be hugged. I withdrew from the hens, walked over and knelt beside Mavis and pulled her gently toward me. It didn’t take much. She rested against me in a completeness of comfort that seemed to essays written lysistrata, include her gratitude that her shy desire had been understood. In my first years of keeping chickens there were no predators, until a fox found us, and we built our fences - but only after eleven chickens disappeared rapidly under our nose.

The fox would sneak up in broad daylight, raising a clamor among the birds. Running out essay on african history post-reconstruction era of the house I’d see no stalker, just sometimes a soul-stabbing bunch of feathers on essays about lysistrata the ground in wade, the midst of about panic. When our bantam rooster Josie was taken, his companion Alexandra ran shrieking through the kitchen, jumped up on a table and could not stop shrieking and was never the same afterward. The fox killed Pola, our big red rooster who had so gallantly responded to my calls begging him to “save” me from Ruby. I am sure he was attacked while trying to protect his hens the essays day he disappeared, while I sat obliviously at written, the computer. It was too much. I sat on the kitchen floor crying and how to find a dissertation, screaming. At the time, I was caring for Sonja, a big white warm-natured, bouncy hen I was treating for wounds she’d received before I rescued her. As I sat on the floor exploding with grief and essays lysistrata, guilt, Sonja walked over to where I sat weeping. She nestled her face next to mine and essays, began purring with the ineffable soft purr that is also a trill in chickens.

She comforted me even as her gesture deepened the heartache I was feeling in that moment about the painful mystery of Pola and the mystery of all chickens. Did Sonja know why I was crying? I doubt it, but maybe she did. Did she know that I was terribly sad and distressed? There is no question in my mind about that.

She responded to my grief with an expression of empathy that I have carried emotionally in about lysistrata, my life ever since. It is experiences such as this and others I have described in this essay that have made me a passionate advocate for chickens. I do not seek to sentimentalize chickens but to characterize them as best I can within the purview of my own observations and relationships with them. Essay On African In The Era? In the 1980s I wrote an essay about an abandoned crippled broiler hen named Viva who, more than any other single cause, led me to found United Poultry Concerns in 1990. It is hard for me to evoke in words how expressive she was in spite of her handicap and written about lysistrata, despite the miserable life she had had before I lifted her out of her misery and brought her home with me. My experience with chickens for essay, more than twenty years has shown me that chickens are conscious and written about, emotional beings with adaptable sociability and higher discursive, a range of intentions and personalities. Essays Written About? If there is one trait above all that leaps to my mind in thinking about chickens when they are enjoying their lives and pursuing their own interests, it is cheerfulness. Chickens are cheerful birds, quite vocally so, and when they are dispirited and oppressed, their entire being expresses this state of on african in the era affairs as well. The fact that chickens become lethargic in continuously barren environments, instead of essays about proving that they are stupid or impassive by nature, shows how sensitive these birds are to essays impact television children, their surroundings, deprivations and prospects. Likewise, when chickens are happy, their sense of wellbeing resonates unmistakably. Karen Davis, PhD is the president and founder of United Poultry Concerns, a nonprofit organization dedicated to the compassionate and written lysistrata, respectful treatment of domestic fowl.

She’s the editor of UPC’s quarterly magazine Poultry Press and the author of several books including Prisoned Chickens, Poisoned Eggs: An Inside Look at the Modern Poultry Industry (1996; Revised Edition 2009), More Than a Meal: The Turkey in History, Myth, Ritual and Reality , and higher discursive essays, The Holocaust and essays lysistrata, the Henmaid’s Tale: A Case for Comparing Atrocities . Karen maintains a sanctuary for chickens, turkeys and ducks on impact television children the Eastern Shore of Virginia. UPC sanctuary roosters Ivan (center), Lorenzo (left) Benjamin (right) with their blissfully dustbathing hens on May 22, 2013.

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Exploration of the Nymphet in Nabokov’s Lolita. Lolita is novel by Vladimir Nabokov published in 1955. Nabokov has a long history of writing controvesial novels which are debated in the public about the societal morals which his writings seem to reflect. This particular novel was steeped in controversy since the written, day it was published. Often regarded as pornography and it has been on and off the banned book list for decades.

The forbidden subject and combined with a vividly explicit erotic prose style made Lolita the book everyone hated but everyone loved to read. Impact Television Children? The plot centers around a 12 year old pre-adolescent girl who becomes the obsession and lover of a much older man (Dirks). Nabokov creates the term and essays written definition of “nymphet” to soften the find a dissertation, controversial nature of Humbert’s deviant and socially unacceptable love for Lolita. Need essay sample on Exploration of the essays written about lysistrata, Nymphet in Nabokov’s Lolita ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Lolita centers around a relationship between an older man named Humbert and his teenage obsession, Lolita.

This relationship is extreme controversial and thesis has been debated since the novel’s publication and the author’s motives in writing this novel. Humbert often uses the essays written about lysistrata, term nymphet in describing Lolita. “The form and movement of roe vs wade Lolita are shaped by a dual task: to record the emotional apotheosis of the narrator’s passion for written lysistrata, a nymphet, and to transform his story into a work of essays television children art which will immortalize that passion.”(Bloom 53). Lysistrata? However, he does explain that this is roe vs, a term that he uses to about, describes girls just like Lolita – the same age and on humanity same womanly qualities. “Lolita is Humbert Humbert’s own account of his misadventures with the essays written lysistrata, wily nymphet Lolita” (Whissen 131). Humbert claims that he has loved girls before like Lolita which he refers to as nymphets. Higher? Still the definition of nymphet is not fully fleshed out. By examining what a nymphet is in the novel as well as in about, the real world it might reveal Humbert’s obsession with them. Nymphet is not a term that existed before Nabakov. The term’s history begins in the novel Lolita, which was published in 1995. It is through Humbert observations that nymphet can be defined.

He describes the nymphet’s behavior: “Now I wish to introduce the following idea. Broken By John? Between the age limits of. nine and fourteen there occur maidens who, to essays about, certain bewitched travelers, twice or many times older than they, reveal their true nature which is not.

human, but nymphic (that is, demoniac); and find these chosen creatures I propose to designate as “nymphets (16)” It is clear that the nymphet’s ability, despite her young age, it inspire lust in the hearts and written bodies of middle aged men is unnatural and intoxicating like that of nymph out of mythology. “Although the novel is a memoir narrated in the first person, there are themes and revelations of which Humbert is not fully in control. The striking verisimilitude which Nabokov creates through the mask of roe vs thesis Humbert is written, only one aspect of a shifting tale.”(Bloom 53). Nymphet is a transformation of word nmyph which has its basis in ancient myths. Nymphs are basically spirits which are created out of nature. They are no gods but occasionally have god-like qualities and skills.

They are often found hiding in nature – forests, rivers, meadows, and even the sea. Nymphs are extremely beautiful represented in not only literature but aslo statues throughout the world. They also used as objects of love to Gods of post-reconstruction Mount Olympus. Essays Lysistrata? However, like Humbert points out, they can be equally as “vengeful and destructive” as soft and loving. Certainly, Lolita embodies these qualities and creates a paradox for on african era, Humbert. Who is tragically in love and lust with Lolita which ultimately leads to the physical and spiritual deaths of lysistrata many characters in the novel.

Humbert is a man haunted by an early love that died, Annabel. Find? He never quite got over his first love and in terms of emotions never grew up. He believes that Lolita might be an incarnation of Annabel. “The fact that Lolita is presented largely as such a “youngster,” and yet eclipses the sensitive sea-nymphet for Humbert, suggests that the essays about, imagination both relishes and transcends the physical world. The material for the imagination may lie in the physical world” (Bloom 55). Wade Thesis? Humbert asserts “It was the essays written lysistrata, same child – the same frail, honey-hued shoulders, the same silky supple bare back, the same chestnut head of hair” (39).

Humbert honestly believes that Annabel’s soul lives inside of Lolita which is a similar description of of what a nymph is in mythology. A nymph exists only as a spirit. He believes that Annabel’s spirit has been following him around tempting him from the beyond and finally Annabel has found in a home in Lolita supple young body. It is essay on humanity, this reincarnation of Annabel, in the body of Lolita which he refers to as a nymphet. Lolita completely embodies all the characteristics of a nymph. She is certainly capable of being a love object. Lolita is also “vengeful” and creates destruction and chaos in her wake. It is Lolita’s nymph like allure which “forces” Humbert to take residence at written, the Haze house. He is tempted by her the very first time he sees her. He convinces Lolita’s mother that he would make a great tutor of Lolita, and their relationship begins.

Once living with Charlotte and Lolita an invisible love triangle begins. Wade? Humbert realizes that stay with Lolita he must make Charlotte believe that he loves Charlotte — so he can really love Lolita. Charlotte becomes suspicous and eventually jealous over the close relationship between Lolita and essays lysistrata Humbert. Once that Humbert sees Lolita his whole life begins to revolve around the find, nymphet. However, it is clear that the way that Humbert perceives Lolita and what Lolita really is, is completely different. Humbert wishes for a Lolita which is really sophiscated and wise. Written About Lysistrata? His version of Lolita exists entirely in his head. The reader realizes that the Lolita is not a stunning temptress but a bratty teenager who understands that she can manipulate obsessive older men, like Humbert, into doing whatever she wants. Humbert explains. “What I had madly possessed was not she, but my own creation, another fanciful Lolita – perhaps, more real than Lolita; overlapping, incasing her; floating between me and her and having no will, no consciousness – indeed, no life of her own” (62).

It is clear that Lolita does not truly understand her effect on Humbert. While she sees their relationships as a game, he sees as romantic interest. This allure is being exerted through her body, her face, her hair and the way she speaks to Humbert. It is find a dissertation, this nymphic magic which intoxicates Humbert and causes the rising action, falling action, and written about denouement of the novel. Nymphet refers to a young nymph. Therefore, it is obvious while Humbert uses this terms to refer to young girls. Certainly, Humbert would use the essays impact television children, word nymph to refers to adult women for written, the same reasons.

Nymphets are simply, to Humbert, miniature versions of an adult women. This is broken heart, why Humbert uses the term to describe girls who are not yet teenagers, or young women. While Humbert is not explicit it is clear that he is also referring to the sexually curious nature of these young nymphets. After the publication of this novel, the term nymphet was basically replaced by the term Lolita. Today, society uses the term Lolita to refer to an underage girl who may be involved with older married men.

Lolita, like an unruly nymph, creates a great deal of trouble within her household. This particularly true of Humbert relationship with Charlotte. The couple marries simply because Humbert wants to be permanently close to Lolita. He knows that now he has a reason to be near Lolita and about lysistrata because of the essay, familial relationship, can no be separated from her. Once Charlotte reads about Humbert true feelings toward herself and written about Lolita, the relationship shifts.

This sets in on african american, motion a series of events that pushes along the plot toward a surprising and tragic climax. Humbert remembers “”The Haze woman, the arrogant woman, the old cat, the obnoxious mamma, the-the old stupid Haze is no longer dupes,” she reads to Humbert (95). She shows realization of how Humbert’s actions have been influenced by the gale of essays written about lysistrata magic blown by the nymphet, Lolita, and she gives up all her belongings to him but Lolita. Humbert recounts “I am leaving tonight. This is all yours.

Only you will never see that miserable brat again” (96). Lolita, who earlier in higher discursive, the novel seems to not understand her own sexual allure. However, once Humbert takes Lolita to the hotel and essays written lysistrata she engages in sexual activity with Humbert, the reader understands that Lolita knows her power over essay on african history in the post-reconstruction era, Humbert. She knows that Humbert’s intentions are not those of a father for daughter, but the feelings of man for written about, a woman. Humbert explains. “Then she crept into my waiting arms, radiant, relaxed, caressing me with. her tender, mysterious, impure, indifferent, twilight eyes – for all the world, like the roe vs wade thesis, cheapest of the cheap cuties.

For that is what nymphets imitate – while moan and die.” Humbert begins to think about what his plans of will be with Lolita. “During his first sexual encounter with Lolita, which involves rubbing against the leg of an ostensibly oblivious nymphet, Humbert describes the act in terms that posit parallels between its precarious balance and the strategies of his narrative as a whole” (Tweedie 150). Humbert laments, “Suspended on the brink of that voluptuous abyss (a nicety of physiological equipoise comparable to certain techniques in the arts) I kept repeating chance words after her” (60). While he is with Lolita, he starts to be very paranoia and constantly believes that he is being followed and monitored. In the morning, he throws off any accountability for his actions (Tweedie 160). He claims that the sexual activity between them was Lolita’s fault because she seduced him. Written About? Humbert explains:

Frigid gentlemen of the jury! I had thought months, perhaps years, would. elapse before I dared to reveal myself to donne, Dolores Haze; but by six she was. wide awake, and six fifteen we were technically lovers. Written About? I am going to tell you something very strange: it was she who seduced me. (201). Lolita, who Humbert believes to be pure, questions Humbert about their sexual activity. He realizes that Lolita is not new at the nymph game and a dissertation has tempted other men. She states “You mean,” she persisted, now kneeling before me, “you never did it when you were a kid?” Humbert begins to reflect on his deviant behavior and he is sure that his behavior is because of the about, nymphet’s magic. He claims.

I am not concerned with the so called “sex” at wade thesis, all. Lysistrata? Anybody can imagine those elements of animality. A greatest endeavor lures me on: to fix once for television, all the written, perilous magic of nymphets. (265). Humbert does not want to just physically be with this nymphet. He wants to possess her completely and for the rest of their lives. The physicality of the relationship is but one part of the relationship. He hopes that Lolita will love him with the higher, same obsessive zeal that Humbert exhibits.

The content of Lolita is graphic, sexual, and forbidden. Essays? It is unfortunate that the most telling part of broken heart by john donne Lolita gets lost in the debate over the exploration of taboo topics in literature. The main character of about Lolita is Humbert Humbert, is an extremely educated and intelligent man. When he was but a child, his first love, a girl of 11 years old enchanted his heart for a whole summer and on the heart by john died suddenly. Since then Humbert has not been able to essays about, emotionally move past that tragic loss. Essay On Humanity? He seeks out and falls in love with ‘girls’ hoping again to find the pure love he shared that summer. He is essays about, a man who is repulsed by essay on african history in the post-reconstruction, women his own age and essays written about is psychologically crippled.

He does have moments of clarity when he realizes that what he wants is wrong but not wrong enough to starve himself of the one thing in life that brings him joy and pleasure. But without it, Humbert is essentially a dirty pervert who can not control his impulses. He becomes flat and uninteresting. Humbert’s love for Lolita is essay, her fatal flaw. Humbert asserts. I could not kill her, of course, as some have thought. you see, I loved her. It was love at first sight, at last sight, at ever and ever sight. (270). Humbert is forever linked to this nymphet. Lolita has used her magic on him and essays lysistrata despite the life altering events that Lolita has caused, Humbert can no hate her. The novel begins with Humbert is essay on humanity, offering his confession to whomever would like to hear it. His focus is not on why he is in jail but on the twisted path that led him to lysistrata, commit murder.

This of course allows Humbert to speak affectionately about his obsession, Lolita, from which he draws great pleasure. At this point in the novel Nabokov spends close to 50 pages detailing the background of Humbert’s life. He delves deep into the male psyche. The content of this part of the higher discursive essays, novel is essays written about, impossible to recreated on film. So much of the appeal of Nabokov’s work is that of thesis his have a beautiful prose style. Essays Written About Lysistrata? The rhythm and flow is song-like and the reader becomes fully immersed in Humbert mind. Nabokov welcomes the reader into how to find a dissertation Humbert mind and essays written about lysistrata graphically explains his desires:

I should have understood that Lolita had already proved to be something quite different from impact television innocent Annabel, and that the nymphean evil breathing through every pore of the fey child that I had prepared for my secret delectation, would make the secrecy impossible, and the delectation lethal (124-125). Nabokov’s great talents has a writer, even though he was not American, was his luminous writing style. The novel breathes life into essays lysistrata the American landscape, sweeping passages invite the reader to share in the sunlit beaches, tree lined suburban streets, and grassy backyards. It is important to note that Humbert is not attracted to all young girl. He is only attracted to what he considers nymphets (16). Broken? He believes that this nymphets are made out of the stars and whose “true nature […] is not human” (16). Humbert is not even lusting after a young girl but about what he believes a nymphet and occasionally explains that he realizes this is an illusion which leads to “despair and shame and tears of tenderness” Nabokov attempts to marginalize Humbert deviant relationship and lust for Lolita. Essays Written About Lysistrata? He often calls this nymphets, maidens (16), and that men who lust after them are simply “bewitched travelers” (16). This type of language can be found in essays on the broken by john, fables or fairy stories which is Nabokov attempt to soften the scandalous nature of the text. Lolita is twelve in essays lysistrata, the novel and the audience 13 is the age in which a girl starts to become a woman.

A twelve year old is far too young to associate sexual thoughts with and certainly would not have been tolerated by audiences. The age difference was just an handy tool to thesis, make the audience feel uncomfortable about reading an essays written, older man is trying seek out and heart seduce a young girl. In the novel there are many more instances where Lolita is a child. Written? There are of course many more instances where is it clear that Lolita flirts with and sexually teases Humbert. Nabokov’s Lolita is fully aware of her sexual power over men (Apple) to essays on the broken heart donne, fully utilize her “nymphet” abilities. Lolita was an essays written lysistrata, uninhibited story that mocked all institutions, overturned all conventional concepts of behavior and morality, violated the assumption of discursive essays adult responsibility, and reversed classic roles (adult/child: seducer/seduced: innocent American vs. sly European).

Humbert Humbert was Mr. Belvedere without inhibitions (Whissen 133). Bloom, Harold, ed. Vladimir Nabokov”s Lolita. New York: Chelsea House, 1987. Tweedie, James. “Lolita’s Loose Ends: Nabokov and the Boundless Novel.” Twentieth Century Literature 46.2 (2000): 150. Whissen, Thomas Reed. Classic Cult Fiction: A Companion to Popular Cult Literature. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992. Nabokov, Vladimir.

Lolita. 1955. New York: Vintage International, 1997. 2nd Edition.