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cabaret essays background and analysis by Scott Miller. The burgeoning political activism in papers the United States when Cabaret hit the stage in 1966 – and dissertation roman sujet, its growth by 1972 when the film hit theatres – as well as Hal Prince's desire to research papers break through to a new kind of socially responsible musical theatre all conspired to make Cabaret one of the most fascinating stage pieces of the 1960s and a show that speaks to our world in a new millennium more now than at any time since it first opened, as evidenced by email resume, the smash hit Broadway revival. The singer Sally Bowles represents the people who kept their eyes shut to changes in the world around them, and the novelist Clifford Bradshaw represents the new (perhaps nave) breed of American activist who could no longer sit by and watch the research papers on alzheimer's government ignore the will of the people. Of Wrath. Today, as activism at research on alzheimer's, both ends of the political spectrum has experienced a renaissance in research America, Cabaret as a cautionary morality play has tremendous resonance. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. Cabaret in its original form was a fascinating but flawed theatre piece. Corrige De Dissertation. It was director Hal Prince's first experiment in making a concept musical (a show in which the on alzheimer's story is of wrath religion essay, secondary to a central message or metaphor), a form he would perfect later on with projects like Company, Follies, Pacific Overtures, Kiss of the Spider Woman , and other musicals. Early in the process of creating Cabaret , Prince had gone to Russia to see theatre and had witnessed a provocative, confrontational, rule-busting production at the Taganka Theatre. It was everything Prince had been looking for. He later said, “The Taganka Theatre was traumatizing (in a good sense).” He would forever more gravitate towards theatre that challenged audiences, that intentionally made audiences uncomfortable, that made an audience confront their world in all its contradictions and ugliness.
Walter Kerr said in the New York Times in 1966 that Cabaret “opens the door to a fresh notion of the bizarre, crackling, harsh and the beguiling uses that can be made of research papers, song and dance.” Other writers and directors further developed the concept musical in the 1970s and 80s with shows like A Chorus Line, Working, Chicago, Nine , and others, but Cabaret paved the resume writing services canada way. Cabaret 's flaw lies in the fact that the concept musical was still in an embryo stage; Prince was traversing uncharted territory. On Alzheimer's. The end product was ground-breaking and often shocking, but it was only half a concept musical. Grapes Of Wrath Essay. Believing that Broadway audiences in 1966 still needed a central romantic couple and a secondary comic couple (as in Oklahoma, Brigadoon, The Pajama Game , and others), Prince and his collaborators essentially created two shows, a realistic book show with traditional musical comedy songs, and a concept musical with songs that commented on the action and the central message of the show. When Bob Fosse made the film version of Cabaret in 1972, he jettisoned all the traditional book songs, and the piece became a full-fledged concept musical. In 1987, when Prince revived the stage version, the papers on alzheimer's show's creators went back and revised the show again, putting back the homosexuality in the story, incorporating some improvements from the film version, trying things audiences had not been ready for in 1966.
In 1993, Sam Mendes went even further with a production at London’s Donmar Warehouse, trimming the show’s fat, better focusing the show’s central metaphor, and creating yet another version that better integrates the two separate styles Prince first created. In Mendes’ version (London, 1993; Broadway, 1998), the entire show was placed in the Kit Kat Klub, on the club stage, and dissertation roman, the dialogue scenes became “acts” in the club. This better integrated the two parts of the show and eliminated the wall between actors and audience, placing the audience on research papers on alzheimer's, three sides of the stage, only a few feet from the action, rather than across an orchestra pit, involving them in the action. Cabaret was based on several chapters from Christopher Isherwood’s somewhat autobiographical novel Goodbye to Berlin , and it seems that new versions of this story have always appeared at roman sujet, times of papers, crisis in corrige America. The novel appeared at the close of research papers on alzheimer's, World War II; the sujet corrige non-musical stage version debuted during the McCarthy era; the stage musical opened during the Vietnam era; and the movie musical opened in the midst of the Watergate era. Each of these times has also been a turning point in regard to the social standing of American women and gays. Each subsequent version of research on alzheimer's, this story has been braver, edgier, more explicit, and papers spiral-tabbedw/out access, only now can it be told completely truthfully. Only now can Cliff be fully gay as Christopher Isherwood – the research on alzheimer's real Cliff – was. Dissertation. Only now can the papers Kit Kat Klub be as sexual, as decadent, as it really was.
Only now, after musicals like Assassins and Kiss of the Spider Woman, are musical theatre audiences ready for of wrath, the disturbing extremity that this story really demands. Since Cabaret first opened in 1966, people have described the show the same way: it shows how the Nazis used the research papers decadence and moral decline of 1930 Berlin to come to email review power. But the papers on alzheimer's accuracy of that description depends on how you define decadence. Berlin was like any big city in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Was it decadent for grapes of wrath, gay men and women to live openly? Was it decadent for women to research papers on alzheimer's live independently and to express their sexuality openly? Was sex outside of marriage decadent? Some people would say yes; others would disagree.
By today’s standards, Berlin was quite progressive and liberal, but hardly Sodom and Gomorrah. Writing Papers. In 1929, a bill legalizing consensual gay sex was passed in committee and brought to the floor of the German Reichstag, but it was tabled indefinitely when the research papers economic panic that followed America’s Depression redirected the Reichstag’s priorities. In fact, Isherwood wrote, in Christopher and His Kind , that Berlin’s decadence was “merely a commercial ‘line’ which the Berliners had instinctively developed in their competition with Paris.” Little did they know Hitler would later use their ‘line’ against we all fall them. What’s most disturbing about the research on alzheimer's show today is that Cabaret shows how politicians in 1930s Germany used the same tactics as politicians in America in 2001. The Germans saw their country in economic and political trouble, due to crippling war debts from sujet, World War I and a deadlocked parliament. The Nazis decided that, like Harold Hill and the pool table in The Music Man , they had to find a scapegoat on which to pin Germany’s troubles. Their plan was to scare ordinary Germans with descriptions of rampant immorality and decadence so that the research people would vote for the Nazis in hopes that the Nazis would return Germany to the Good Ol’ Days. The Nazis found their scapegoat in the sexual freedom of the cosmopolitan big city Berlin.
Throughout the history of the world, people in power have always sexualized their enemies, portraying the minority as sexually dangerous and destructive, convincing the masses that the “rampant” sexuality must be contained, and the Nazis had learned well from history. Writing Services Ottawa Canada. The truth is neither homosexuals nor women were responsible for Germany’s war debts or the deadlock in the parliament, but the truth is often less important than emotion and fear. What’s truly disturbing is to realize that right wing politicians in America use the same tactics today, blaming homosexuals (the only American minority it’s still acceptable to demonize) and sexual freedom in general for all America’s troubles. The only research, difference is that there’s no Adolf Hitler waiting to email resume review seize power. At least not right now. Research Papers. The More Things Change… Though we’d like to believe otherwise, political rhetoric hasn’t really changed all that much since Nazi Germany. On the subject of Christianity, Hitler said in a 1933 speech, “The Government of the dissertation roman Reich . . . regards Christianity as the unshakable foundation of the morals and moral code of the nation.” Similarly, in 1981, on The 700 Club , Pat Robertson said, “The Constitution of the United States, for instance, is a marvelous document for self-government by the Christian people. But the minute you turn the on alzheimer's document into the hands of non-Christian people and atheistic people they can use it to destroy the very foundation of our society. And that's what's been happening.
President George Bush (Sr.) said, “I don't know that atheists should be considered citizens, nor should they be considered patriots. This is one nation under God. In 1993, Randall Terry, Founder of Operation Rescue, said in The News-Sentinel (in Fort Wayne, Indiana), I want you to just let a wave of intolerance wash over you. I want you to let a wave of grapes of wrath religion, hatred wash over you. Yes, hate is good. . . Our goal is a Christian nation. We have a Biblical duty, we are called by God, to conquer this country.
We don't want equal time. We don't want pluralism. On the subject of the Jews, a 1943 editorial by Ernst Hiemer, describing the (fictional) Jewish agenda, said, “Every Jew has the obligation to see that Christian churches are burned down and wiped out. The faithful must be insulted and the clergy killed.” In 1990, on The McLaughlin Group, Pat Buchanan echoed the same fear of Jews when he said, Capitol Hill is Israeli occupied territory. In 1991, Pat Robertson tried to scare us more when he said, Communism was the brain-child of German-Jewish intellectuals. The Aryan Law, an early piece of Nazi legislation, said, “The Jewish people, once only tolerated, knew how to raise a hue and cry about discrimination and persecution, winning the sympathy of the world for the ‘poor Jews.’ They increasingly infiltrated deep within our national organism, growing to have power over every single area of on alzheimer's, our national life.” More recently, Pat Robertson said, I've heard all this stuff about little Jewish kids being marred by having to say a prayer in Jesus' name. That's all you hear when you're with the liberals, the ACLU. But listen, we don't hear the liberals talking about what happened to Christian little children.
On the subject of race, the sujet corrige de dissertation Nazi’s Aryan Law said, “In the long run, no idea is better suited to guarantee peace between nations than National Socialist racial thinking, which calls for the furtherance and maintenance of research papers, one's own race and one's own people, and resume writing ottawa, supports similar efforts on the part of research papers on alzheimer's, other nations.” In his 1990 book, Right from the Beginning , Pat Buchanan wrote, “In the late 1940s and 1950s . . Email Resume. . race was never a preoccupation with us, we rarely thought about it . . . There were no politics to polarize us then, to magnify every slight. The ‘Negroes’ of research papers on alzheimer's, Washington had their public schools, restaurants, bars, movie houses, playgrounds and churches; and we had ours.” On the sujet subject of communism, Hitler said in a 1933 speech, “Communism with its method of madness is making a powerful and insidious attack upon our dismayed and shattered nation. It seeks to poison and disrupt in order to research hurl us into an epoch of chaos. We All Down Essay. . . Beginning with the family, it has undermined the research papers on alzheimer's very foundations of morality and faith and scoffs at culture and business, nation and Fatherland, justice and honor.” In March 2000, on The 700 Club , Pat Robertson said, “Ladies and gentlemen, the ACLU, you must remember, was founded by email review, a group of people, three of which were key members of the Communist International. The key mover of the ACLU said he wanted to make America into a workers' state – read that communist. And they have had communists on their board until they voted them out and then they changed their rule and let them back on again.” On the subject of the role of on alzheimer's, women, Hitler said, at a 1936 women's rally at writing research papers spiral-tabbedw/out, Nuremberg, “For us the research on alzheimer's woman has always been the loyal companion of the man in spiral-tabbedw/out access work and life. People often tell me: You want to drive women out of the professions.
No, I only want to make it possible for her to found her own family and to have children, for that is how she can best serve our people!” He went on to say, “Do not deceive yourselves! There are two separate arenas in the life of a nation: that of men and that of women. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. Nature has rightly ordained that men head the family and are burdened with the task of protecting their people, the community. The world of the woman, when she is fortunate, is dissertation, her family, her husband, her children, her home.” In 1992, televangelist Pat Robertson said, [The] feminist agenda is research on alzheimer's, not about equal rights for women. Writing Research Papers Spiral-tabbedw/out. It is about a socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism and become lesbians. Also in papers 1992, Robertson said, I know this is painful for the ladies to email hear, but if you get married, you have accepted the headship of a man, your husband. Christ is the head of the household and the husband is the head of the wife, and that's the way it is, period. On the subject of homosexuality, the Nazi Party called homosexuality “a deviation from normal sexual behavior . . . to the detriment of the natural increase in population.” The Nazis said that sexual relations must “serve the reproductive process.” In 1983, Pat Buchanan wrote in The New York Post , The poor homosexuals – they have declared war on research, nature, and now nature is roman sujet, exacting an research papers awful retribution. In 1992, Joseph Gudel wrote, in the Christian Research Journal , “I believe that homosexuality is corrige de dissertation, anatomically aberrant, psychologically deviant, and research papers on alzheimer's, morally bankrupt.” In 2000, right wing radio talk show host “Dr.” Laura said, I call homosexual practices deviant. If you're gay or a lesbian, it's a biological error that inhibits you from relating normally to the opposite sujet de dissertation sex.” In October 2000, the Pope said, “anything other than a heterosexual union is a step backwards for civilization.” Just as all Jewish teachers in Germany were fired in 1933, the Religious Right in contemporary American is fighting to have gay men and women prohibited from teaching in public schools as well.
In August 2000, Pat Buchanan unwittingly made his own connection between his ideas and those of the Nazis. He said, “Rampant homosexuality [has been] a sign of cultural decadence and moral decline from Rome to Weimar Germany. Buchanan agreed with the Nazis that gay Germans in research papers on alzheimer's the period preceding the Third Reich were a problem that had to be “corrected.” The “culture wars” are not new to contemporary America. Email Resume. They were fought just as hard, and with the research same rhetoric, in dissertation roman Nazi Germany. In 1935 in Germany, the Institute for research papers, the Study of the writing papers Jewish Question published a report on papers, popular entertainment, which said, “The sexualization of reality is an expression of the Jewish spirit. The Jew Freud traces all mental processes back to sexual stimulation.” The report concluded that German cabarets were the primary purveyors of this “Jewish perversion.” Similarly, in a September 1993 speech to the Christian Coalition, Pat Buchanan declared, “Our culture is superior because our religion is Christianity and that is the truth that makes men free.” Bill Bennett wrote in the Weekly Standard in papers spiral-tabbedw/out August 1999, “Now is the time for identifying and ostracizing the country's cultural polluters.” With hundreds of thousands of research, Americans watching Pat Robertson’s TV show The 700 Club , listening to religious radio stations, receiving mailings from the Christian Coalition, and attending fundamentalist churches, the writing papers spiral-tabbedw/out influence of religious extremists cannot be underestimated. Though many Americans today would argue that the rhetoric of Pat Robertson, Jerry Falwell, and their cohorts is on alzheimer's, benign, it’s important to note that the email resume review anti-Semitism in Germany started in research small, seemingly innocuous ways, and grew over time into the Holocaust. In the early 1930s, many average Germans, believing the research papers claims that German Jews were responsible for many of papers on alzheimer's, Germany’s problems, began to avoid their Jewish friends. Signs appeared in grocery stores declaring that Jews were not welcome. Most non-Jews stopped patronizing Jewish-owned businesses. By 1938, sixty percent of businesses owned by Jews in dissertation sujet 1933 had gone out of business.
Anti-Jewish legislation was labeled with positive, patriotic sounding names, like the “Law for the Protection of research papers, German Blood and Honor,” presaging the recent anti-gay legislation passed in the U.S. Writing Services. Congress, the papers “Defense of Marriage Act.” Like American politicians today, the Nazis created fictional “attacks” on German culture and grapes of wrath religion, dressed up their own attacks as “defenses.” So Cabaret continues to papers on alzheimer's have great resonance. Perhaps political propaganda never really changes. It always demonizes the minority, paints a picture of email review, imminent destruction, then promises a return to the normalcy of a time (that never really existed) when things were simpler and less scary. Director Hal Prince said about the on alzheimer's original production, “It was only after we’d come by grapes of wrath religion, a reason for telling that story parallel to papers contemporary problems in our country that the project interested me.” And that philosophy still stands. It’s only compelling, only shocking, only powerful because we can see today at least some of what Cliff could see back then. 1930. Weimar Germany was in trouble. Sujet. Due to the war debts, rampant inflation, and research papers on alzheimer's, a bickering, multi-party parliament, the country was in economic and political ruin. There was political dissension everywhere. Writing Ottawa Canada. The people, particularly the research papers on alzheimer's conservative middle class, were unhappy.
Adolph Hitler finally figured out that the way to take power was through propaganda – telling the people what they wanted to email hear. Research. (And is that any different today?) Hitler's ultra-conservative Nazi party began a war of propaganda against the standing government. He promised an end to resume canada the depression, to political corruption and incompetence, to moral decay. He declared war on popular culture, which he portrayed as decadent, obscene, and anti-German. Research Papers. He attacked Jews, homosexuals, feminists, and artists for sujet, ruining the country. Though cabarets in Berlin had been somewhat regulated before the Nazis, the on alzheimer's new rgime held up cabaret performances as a perfect example of the decadence and robert cormier we all down, moral decay of research papers on alzheimer's, Berlin.
The Nazis clamped down on cabarets, dictating exactly what content was acceptable. Though some cabarets were respectable enterprises, the 1930 German film The Blue Angel , with Marlene Dietrich, offers a unique glimpse into what the lower form of German cabaret (like Cabaret ’s Kit Kat Klub) was really like, with tiny stages, unattractive women in revealing clothing, social and political parody numbers, sexual innuendo, clowns, drag numbers, animal acts (echoed in Cabaret with “If You Could See Her”), and rowdy, drunken audiences. Ottawa Canada. In fact The Blue Angel captures exactly the Nazi view of on alzheimer's, cabarets; in robert cormier we all fall the film, a school professor gets involved with a cabaret performer and, as a result, he loses his job, his respectability, and research papers, his dignity, and he ends up touring with the cabaret, selling dirty pictures of the woman who is now his wife. Hitler and the Nazis championed the email family unit, traditional roles for men and women, children, and traditional “Christian” values. (Ironically, Nazism later became an image frequently used in pornography.) Hitler promised to save Germany from the papers terrible predicament it found itself in. In Cabaret , Ernst echoes the corrige Nazi's promises when he tells Cliff that the Nazis will be the builders of a new Germany, just as today’s religious leaders talk about building a new “Christian America.” With hindsight, it's now possible to see that Hitler promised and attacked almost all the same things that many political candidates in America have promised and attacked in recent U.S. elections, things that many politicians and religious leaders still promise and still attack. In the 1930s, the Nazis told middle class, hard-working German that the Jews were only one percent of the population and yet controlled the government and had all the research papers money. In the 1980s and 1990s, religious right leaders in sujet de dissertation America began telling Americans the exact same things about gay men and women. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. The Nazis claimed Jews were spreading disease throughout Germany, just as today’s religious extremists claim gays are spreading AIDS (even though the robert fall vast majority of people with AIDS worldwide are heterosexuals). German Jews were portrayed as abnormal, depraved, and immoral, the research papers same stereotypes used today against American gays.
Both German Jews in we all essay the 1930s and American gays at the end of the research papers twentieth century have been called anti-Christian, anti-family, criminal, and immoral. Jews were portrayed as sex maniacs and child molesters, just as gays are now accused of the same things. The Nazis had learned well that the best way to attack the minority was to sexualize them to the mainstream, as was done to the Jews in 1930s Germany, to blacks in 1950s America, and to gays in contemporary America. Politicians and religious leaders across America still echo the themes of Nazi propaganda, declaring that our country is in a state of moral decay and political disarray, that our culture is disintegrating, that movies, TV, and pop music are full of gratuitous sex and violence, that mainstream religion is under attack. These parallels make the resume services world of 1930 Berlin that much scarier, and on alzheimer's, they make it that much easier to see why normal, upstanding German citizens could support the Nazi party. People were desperate for change, for a quick fix, for resume, salvation from the papers on alzheimer's things they perceived as deadly to their nation and to their way of services ottawa, life. It's doubtful that anyone like Hitler could take over America today, but the fact that there are clear parallels to the current political climate in our country make Cabaret more frightening and important today than it was even when it was written. If we ignore history, we are doomed to on alzheimer's repeat it. It Could Happen Here. One of the show's central messages is that It Could Happen Here. At the sujet corrige de dissertation beginning of the show, in the original 1966 production, there was a giant mirror onstage facing the audience.
The implication was that the people of Germany, who allowed the Nazis to take power, were very much like us, just ordinary people who found their country in trouble and looked for someone to fix things, to research offer easy solutions. If we had lived in 1930 Berlin, the mirror suggests, we too would have been cajoled into believing the Nazis could save the country. It also says that we – the populace – are as much to blame for such horrors as corrupt politicians. Dissertation Sujet. Whatever happens in our country, we allow to on alzheimer's happen. Most of the leading characters in Cabaret represent an archetype. The Emcee is the personification of unfettered sexual freedom. He is the movie industry in contemporary America, as well as the recording industry, television, and tabloid journalism.
He makes extreme sexuality appealing, entertaining, inviting. Sally Bowles is the self-involved, head-in-the-sand young person, looking only for the next party, constant gratification, and complete freedom from responsibility. Sujet De Dissertation. She refuses to think about politics and social issues because it gets in research the way of a good time. She uses sex and alcohol to hide from the real world. She represents both the “decadence” that the Nazis fashioned into research access successful propaganda, as well as the passivity that allowed their meteoric rise to power. Fraulein Schneider represents those who see what's happening but who believe they have no power to change anything. She doesn't like it, but resigns herself to the fact that she is powerless. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. She is about survival.
Herr Schultz is foolishly optimistic; he believes so completely in the intrinsic goodness of religion essay, humanity that he cannot believe that Jews will be expelled or persecuted in their own country. Cliff represents morality and research papers, social conscience. He sees what happening (though not until pretty late in the game) and he refuses to accept it. He says to resume Sally, “If you're not against all this [the Nazis], you're for it – or you might as well be.” The audience wants to see themselves in Cliff, but in reality, most of us are either Fraulein Schneider or Sally. On Alzheimer's. America's political climate in 1966, when Cabaret opened on Broadway, was just as explosive as 1930 Berlin. Despite the civil rights bill that the U.S. Congress had passed in 1964, race riots were happening all over the country – in Harlem in research papers spiral-tabbedw/out July 1964, in Watts (Los Angeles) in August 1965, in Cleveland and Chicago in July 1966, as well as in Atlanta and other cities. On Alzheimer's. Malcolm X was assassinated in February 1965. Martin Luther King Jr.'s first march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama took place in March 1965.
Anti-war demonstrations began on the campus of the University of California-Berkeley in 1964, and continued throughout the 60s across the country. The first anti-war march on Washington was held in May 1965. U.S. troops launched their first full-scale combat in Vietnam in July 1965. Hogan's Heroes , a television sitcom about a German P.O.W. Spiral-tabbedw/out Access. camp, debuted in 1965. Papers On Alzheimer's. The University of roman sujet, Mississippi's first black student was shot in June 1966, the same month that students marched on Washington again, this time for voting rights. The heavily political Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour debuted on NBC in on alzheimer's September 1966, and went on to become the only television show canceled because of its subversive political content. Clearly, America was ready for a political musical when Cabaret opened in November of 1966. While the we all fall down show was running, the research papers anti-war, concept musical Hair opened in 1967, and TV's Laugh-In debuted in 1968, with its outrageous brand of social and research, political satire.
Another example of the parallels between 1930s Germany and 1960s America was articulated by Jean Ross, Isherwood’s real world model for Sally Bowles, who said in an 1975 interview, “We were all utterly against the bourgeois standards of our parents’ generation. That’s what took us to Berlin. The climate was freer there. I suppose nowadays you’d call us hippies.” Also, though it may seem hard to believe now, details of the Holocaust were only just beginning to come out to the public at the time of the papers on alzheimer's original production of Cabaret . Throughout the 1950s, very few people had talked about the concentration camps, perhaps partly out of trauma, partly out of needing time for healing, and partly out of writing research spiral-tabbedw/out, survivor’s guilt. It wasn’t until the early 1960s that people started writing about what had happened in Germany. Some historians and psychologists believed that guilt over the Holocaust is a big part of what fueled the political activism of the 1960s. It gave Holocaust survivors and their children a mechanism to act against injustice in a way they couldn’t during World War II. One Jewish American said, “We were going to be active where our parents’ generation had been passive. Then we could tell our parents: We learned when we were children that massacres really happen and the private life is not enough.” Cabaret the musical looks at two cultural phenomena in pre-war Germany. First, the sexual freedom celebrated in cabarets, open homosexuality, a new feminism, and other trends, gave a certain segment of the population (like Cliff and Sally in Cabaret ) a kind of independence they had not experienced before; and they were so enraptured with this new world, that many were happily distracted and unaware of what was happening politically.
Self-delusion was rampant. Christopher Isherwood wrote, in Christopher and His Kind , that he “knew only one pair of homosexual lovers who declared proudly that they were Nazis. Misled by their own erotic vision of a New Sparta, they fondly supposed that Germany was entering an era of military man-love, with all women excluded.” It’s important to note that many Germans did not even vote in the elections that brought the research papers Nazis to research spiral-tabbedw/out power – just as most people in America do not vote today. And significantly, Hitler did not come to power through a vote of the people. Research. The Nazis actually lost votes in the Reichstag in the election before Hitler took over, but the German president appointed Hitler chancellor, in hopes of bringing the robert fall still powerful, rogue Nazi party under some sort of control. But then the research on alzheimer's Nazis pressured the Reichstag into passing the “Enabling Act” which gave Hitler unlimited power. This allowed the German people to resume review deny responsibility for Hitler being in research papers on alzheimer's power.
They could claim that they didn’t even vote, or if they did, they never voted for Hitler. One of the most fascinating things about resume writing canada Cabaret is that we don’t see a swastika until the end of Act I, we don’t hear the word “Nazi” until Act II, and we never hear the name “Hitler” during the research papers on alzheimer's whole evening, all this even though the grapes whole show is about how Hitler and research papers on alzheimer's, the Nazis were able to come to power. The second phenomenon is that many people (like Herr Schultz in robert cormier fall down Cabaret ) simply couldn't believe that anything so terrible could happen to loyal Germans; who could've dreamed before Hitler's rise to power that anyone would've orchestrated the systematic extermination of papers, millions of Jews and homosexuals? Most Jewish men refused to writing research access leave Germany, despite their wives’ pleading. Papers. The men were often more educated and didn’t think their wives “understood” Germany as well as they did. They couldn’t bring themselves to spiral-tabbedw/out give up their businesses, to papers give up their connections, to be rejected by the country for which they had fought in World War I. Writing Papers. Because German men tended to be more connected to research on alzheimer's and involved in culture outside the resume writing services ottawa canada home, they felt an even deeper connection to Germany. One former judge told his wife, “The German people, the German judges, will not stand for much more of this madness.” One women remembered that she knew so many “decent Germans” that she never thought the Nazis could get a foothold because of the “moderate character” of the German people. It’s important to research understand that Herr Schultz represents many, many real German Jews, who could not fathom that the Nazis could orchestrate something as horrific and far-reaching as the Holocaust. Dissertation. The “mixed” marriage between Herr Schultz and research on alzheimer's, Fraulein Schneider was also a common thing in Germany before the sujet Nazis. But the Nazis criminalized sexual relations and marriage between “Aryans” and “non-Aryans.” In 1938, a state superior court in Germany allowed a man to divorce his wife only because he found out she had had an affair with a Jewish man in 1932, before they were married . After the Nazi takeover, “Aryan” women who married Jews were forced to walk through the city with shaved heads and research on alzheimer's, signs proclaiming their “crime” of “race defilement.” Because any association with a Jew could lead to trouble or even imprisonment for an “Aryan,” the majority of gentiles broke off relationships – even family relationships – with Jews, to protect themselves. Robert Cormier We All Fall. Many flew the papers Nazi flag specifically to negate the shadow of past relationships with Jews.
In many cases, German citizens whose family members planned to marry Jews, would threaten to report them to dissertation roman the Gestapo, to avoid trouble for the rest of the family. Research. Is there a parallel situation in America today? Yes, though it’s far less dramatic. In February 2001, former U.S. Republican congressman Steve Gunderson wrote, “I’m struck by the conflict many Republicans in Congress feel regarding gay issues. They want to support us personally – but they fear us politically because they may face a hostile, antigay home constituency.” The Republicans Gunderson describe don’t fear for their lives or their families, only for their political careers, but like many Germans in the 1930s, they end up practicing prejudice not because they believe in it but because they’re afraid not to practice it. Fraulein Schneider’s decision in Cabaret to break off her engagement with Herr Schultz is not just soap opera. She has a business to run.
She has to maintain an image of respectability. This happened in Germany far too often. People like Fraulein Schneider were frequently punished and even sent to grapes religion essay prison camps merely because they were married to Jews. (Interestingly, mixed couples with gentile husbands were punished less severely than mixed couples with Jewish husbands.) Perhaps Cabaret gives Fraulein Schneider too much credit in foreseeing this danger in papers on alzheimer's 1930, but the danger was real. Isherwood wrote about the real life model for Fraulein Schneider: “Like millions of others, she had to go on living in Germany and of wrath essay, making the research papers best of it, no matter who was in power. She would remain what she essentially was, a sweet, muddled victim of her rulers – guilty only by association with them – no more and no less a Nazi than she had been a communist.” Through the many incarnations of the story – Christopher Isherwood’s book Goodbye to Berlin (1939), John Van Druten's play I Am a Camera (1951), Henry Cornelius’ film of the same name (1955), the stage version of Cabaret (1966), its movie version (1972), and its three revised stage versions (1987, 1993, 1998) – the Isherwood character (Cliff or Brian in Cabaret ) has been variously straight, gay and bisexual. Isherwood himself was gay, but because of societal restraints, earlier versions made his character straight. The 1966 stage version of Cabaret kept him straight; while the movie made him a gay man who decides to be straight and later ends up bisexual; and the two revivals made him gay. The gay subtext that underlines all these versions parallels the outsider status of Sally and roman sujet, all the people at research papers, the Kit Kat Klub. They live outside society's norms, outside the accepted rules.
They are marginalized and they create their own insular community as homosexuals have done for decades. The Emcee in Cabaret reinforces this theme of robert cormier we all down, any and all sexualities. In the original version, where Cliff was straight, he represented the research norm against which the extremity of Sally and Nazism are measured. He was the outsider in this world precisely because he was the resume ultimate insider elsewhere – a straight, white male. In later versions, as Cliff became a member of research on alzheimer's, a sexual minority, he lost that status, and by default we, the audience, became the norm against cormier we all which to research papers measure the characters in the show. But Cliff remains the emotional and moral center of the story. We still see it all through his eyes, the eyes of grapes, a non-German.
Cliff also mirrored the changing face of America in research on alzheimer's 1966. Young people were realizing for the first time that there were horrible things happening in the world. They were waking up, realizing that they had a responsibility to speak up and register their dissatisfaction. It was a new age of political activism. The first line of the title song, asking what the point was in sitting home doing nothing, was a question young people across America were asking themselves.
Demonstrations were breaking out on email resume review, college campuses everywhere. People were marching on Washington. Cliff's growing awareness of the papers on alzheimer's Nazis' presence and the implications of their politics portrayed the growing political awareness of spiral-tabbedw/out access, America. But this new political awareness among young people brought with it a naivete and an over-simplification of papers, issues. For many young people this was their first Fight for What’s Right, and they jumped into the fray without really understanding the full complexity of what they were fighting for. Spiral-tabbedw/out. Passion won out over complete understanding. Cliff's immaturity and papers on alzheimer's, his many contradictions and hypocrisies give him that kind of writing ottawa, naive, slightly ridiculous moral outrage that only a twenty-five-year-old can muster. He is just like so many college kids, then and now, who discover politics and find themselves suddenly outraged over papers on alzheimer's injustices about which they actually know very little.
After all, Cliff himself tells Ernst he doesn’t want to know who or what he’s smuggling for. Cliff knows he’s working (indirectly) for a political party but he wants to robert we all fall down stay blissfully ignorant. But then once he finds out research papers on alzheimer's, Ernst is a member of the Nazi party, suddenly Cliff becomes political. He lectures Sally in Act II (“Don’t you see? Either you’re against all this or you’re for it.”) but he conveniently forgets that he actually helped the Nazis by smuggling for writing research papers, them.
In fact, he takes the same moral posture that the Nazis take – that only his morality is the right one, that all others are wrong. Extremism in papers on alzheimer's any form is dangerous, and Cliff is perhaps even more an extremist than Ernst. At the end of the show, when he insists that Sally leave Berlin with him, Cliff is making a moral decision for himself, but can he make it for Sally as well? If he dictates her morality, isn't that exactly what the Nazis are trying to do? Cliff is also something of a hypocrite, but that too can be chalked up to immaturity. In his song “Why Should I Wake Up?” the fact that he’s “drifting” is a romantic, positive thing. Yet just a few minutes later, after he finds out Sally’s pregnant, he decides the email review fact that they are “drifting” is something that should be remedied. In the papers song, the idea of “waking up” is ottawa canada, a bad idea. Research. In Act II, he screams at sally to robert cormier down wake up. Cliff begins the story no more aware than anyone else. In Act I, he says everyone’s having such a good time that if they were in a movie, something horrible would have to happen to them, but he has no idea how right he is.
He’s too nave to notice that when he meets Ernst on research on alzheimer's, the train, Ernst has no interest in fall essay him until Cliff pretends to research papers have “smuggled a little” himself. Once Ernst sees Cliff can be useful, he’s suddenly Cliff’s best friend, immediately doing him favors so that Cliff will owe him. Later, Cliff agrees to smuggle for fall essay, Ernst, asking Ernst not to tell him who's he smuggling for. Cliff is happy just being an observer, not a participant. In the original novel the research papers narrator says, “I am a camera, with its shutter open, quite passive, recording, not thinking. Someday, all this will have to be developed, carefully printed, fixed.” Some recent productions have opened the show with those sentences. Dissertation Roman. At the party at the end of the first act, Cliff starts to research “wake up” and gives up his passive role as only an observer. He finds out he has been drawn into robert we all fall down essay Nazi politics without knowing it, just as many Germans were.
Now he’s involved whether he likes it or not. He no longer merely records. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. He interprets. People he cares about are at risk. He realizes that he's been sleepwalking through life, his eyes closed, just like Sally.
But though Cliff eventually wakes up, Sally does not. When he demands that Sally return to dissertation roman America with him and leave the powder keg that Germany has become, she refuses. He orders her to pack and papers, therein makes a fatal mistake. We All Fall. Sally is a woman who deeply cherishes her independence; Cliff's attempt to force her into doing as he says only makes her more resolved to stay. He forces her to choose between family life – at which she thinks she'd fail – and the exciting, dangerous, potentially lucrative night life of research papers, Berlin. When he begins to spiral-tabbedw/out write his book at the end of the show, he mentions the three main elements of the Nazis' rise to on alzheimer's power – the Kit Kat Klub and grapes of wrath, the Emcee, examples of apathy and the “decadence” the Nazis will use to illustrate the downfall of Germany; Germany itself, crippled by political, social, and financial collapse; and Sally, one of the people who are unwilling to think about politics, to see what's happening, to take a moral position and stand up for they believe. The flashbacks that end the show are Cliff's thoughts swimming around in his head, falling into a kind of logical order so that he can put them down on paper. Though he is running from the Nazis, he is finally taking his stand by telling the story. Interestingly, Cliff’s two songs, “Why Should I Wake Up” and “Don’t Go” (added for the 1987 revival and now “optional”) don’t sound like the rest of the score. They’re both closer to a traditional 1960s Broadway sound and they don’t seem to match the dark, minor, German sound of the other songs.
Even Sally’s 1920s flapper sound in research “Don’t Tell Mama” and “Perfectly Marvelous” retains the dissonant, minor quality of the more German sounding numbers, and her final number “Cabaret” is as German sounding as “Wilkommen” – in fact these two songs even share accompaniment patterns. And Sally’s two songs added for the film and writing research papers spiral-tabbedw/out access, later stage versions, “Mein Herr” and “Maybe This Time,” fully invest her with the torchy, minor sound of German cabaret. But making Cliff’s music different was a conscious choice. Cliff himself does not fit into German life and philosophy. He is an outsider and therefore his music must be outside as well. He sings a verse of “Perfectly Marvelous” (and Sally’s verses of this song are actually her speaking in Cliff’s voice, so there’s an argument to be made that this is his song as well) but “Perfectly Marvelous” is the on alzheimer's least German sounding of Sally’s songs. Some would argue Cliff’s songs disrupt the unity of the score, and though this may be true to a degree, it would be wrong to essay give Cliff the same sound as the others. Research On Alzheimer's. The only writing services ottawa, other option is to leave Cliff as a non-singing role (as the movie did), but in a musical, songs give a character weight. Cliff is the moral and narrative center of the papers show, and to leave him without music would diminish his importance. Research Spiral-tabbedw/out Access. A Perfectly Marvelous Girl.
Sally Bowles functions as the connection between the two worlds of Cabaret . Research Papers On Alzheimer's. She is a part of the world of the dissertation roman Kit Kat Klub (note the initials), and research, a part of the real world that includes Cliff, Fraulein Schneider, Herr Schultz, and Ernst. Robert Cormier We All Fall. She is a little girl playing dress-up, making up stories, trying to be sexy and shocking, never really being too successful at on alzheimer's, either, always performing her sexiness, putting quotation marks around “sexy.” Isherwood once said to playwright John Van Druten, who dramatized Goodbye to Berlin , “She’s a little girl who has listened to what the grownups had said about writing research papers access tarts, and who was trying to apply those things.” In fact, though some stage versions of the show use the songs “Mein Herr” and “Maybe This Time” from the movie, those songs don’t really work for Sally as she’s written on stage. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. “Mein Herr” is not the song of a little girl; it’s the song of resume review, a worldly wise woman. “Don’t Tell Mama” is much more Sally Bowles, the research papers child-woman who still cares too much about research papers what her mother thinks. And “Maybe This Time” is research on alzheimer's, far too romantic for the stage Sally. Corrige De Dissertation. She’s not mature enough for these sentiments. In the stage musical, she doesn’t get a song about love for research, a very good reason. She doesn’t understand love and writing research papers spiral-tabbedw/out, has probably never experienced mature love. Songs in musicals express emotion, and Sally is not an emotional woman. It’s no accident that she only gets three songs – “Don’t Tell Mama,” a playful club number about sex, “Perfectly Marvelous,” essentially a self-involved con job on papers on alzheimer's, Cliff, and “Cabaret,” the manic, tragic result of her carelessness. There are hints throughout the stage and film versions that Sally’s vast sexual experience, her many sexual conquests, might be exaggerations or even outright fabrications. In Isherwood’s book Christopher and His Kind , he writes about discussions of the play I Am a Camera with playwright John van Druten and Julie Harris, who played Sally. “John Van Druten and [I] discussed with her the possibility that nearly all of Sally’s sex life is imaginary; and resume services ottawa canada, they agreed that the part should be played so that the research audience wouldn’t be able to canada make up its mind, either way.” Also, logically speaking, Sally shouldn't be too good a singer; she's supposed to papers be a second-rate performer who'll never make it out of the third-rate Kit Kat Klub. Judith Newmark wrote in the St.
Louis Post Dispatch that Sally is more pose than talent onstage and writing papers access, more pose than heart offstage, and that perfectly captures this deliciously complex character. That's how Sally is portrayed in research the stories on which Cabaret is based. Unfortunately, that creates a practical problem – how do you put a second-rate singer in a leading role in a musical? In the original Broadway production, Hal Prince cast Jill Haworth specifically because she wasn't a great singer, and papers, the critics blasted him for it. In Bob Fosse's movie version, he cast Liza Minnelli, who turned in an amazing performance, yet we could never believe that this astounding singer was stuck in anonymity in papers a seedy little night club. As an extension of her little girl persona, Sally’s game playing is an essential part of her character, the part that guarantees that her relationship with Cliff won’t work out.
And we see this from the beginning. When Sally and email resume review, Cliff first meet face to face in research papers on alzheimer's the Kit Kat Klub, two small moments speak volumes about Sally. Ottawa Canada. First, she doesn’t really get interested in Cliff until she finds out he’s a novelist looking for “something to write about.” It’s only research on alzheimer's, when she realizes she might be the subject of de dissertation, a novel that she finds Cliff worth exploring and research papers on alzheimer's, starts asking him questions. Second, he exposes her game playing later in the same conversation: Sally: I say, am I shocking you, talking like this? Cliff: I say, are you trying to shock me? This is when Sally loses interest.
Cliff won’t play the grapes religion essay game and what’s worse, he won’t let her play the game either. If there isn’t going to be a game, she’s bored and goes looking for a game elsewhere. After Cliff’s line exposing her game, she says only one more line then exits. The flirtation is cut short and Cliff is left wondering what just happened. This scenario will play out over and over again. Cliff repeatedly exposes Sally’s games over the course of the show and in every case she either shuts down or leaves. Only games can hold her attention, and only if she’s in research papers control of the games. Writing Services Canada. What makes Sally such a bizarre leading character is that she doesn’t change or grow. Papers On Alzheimer's. In all drama – books, plays, movies – leading characters have to learn something over the course of the story. They have to services canada change in some way.
But Sally Bowles doesn’t. In a 1937 interview, Isherwood said, “It seems to me that Sally, without the research papers abortion sequence, would just be a silly little capricious bitch. The whole idea of the story is to show that even the greatest disasters leave a person like Sally essentially unchanged.” Sally tells Cliff in Act II that you can't really stop things from happening and writing research papers spiral-tabbedw/out access, that you can't really change people. She's referring to herself but she's also talking about the German people. The Nazis will take power no matter what anyone tries to do to research papers stop them. She is finally moving from ignorance to we all fall down the beginnings of awareness, but she will end up more like Fraulein Schneider than Cliff. She tells Cliff that he's an innocent, and in a way, she's right; he still believes that you can fight for research on alzheimer's, what you believe in sujet and make a difference in the world. Sally's big number in on alzheimer's Act II, “Cabaret,” has become a pop standard outside the show, but in context it is a decidedly unpleasant song. Sally is going on stage at the club to sing about living life to robert we all fall down essay the fullest, after losing the man she loves, deciding to pursue a career that will never happen, and possibly after deciding to have an research on alzheimer's abortion (it’s unclear exactly when she makes that decision). Cliff can't stay in Germany anymore, but Sally has to stay in order to writing ottawa canada follow the dreams that will never be realized.
She is a tragic character, self-deluded and self-destructive. And really, neither of Sally’s choices – either full, unrelenting domesticity or extreme and dangerous eroticism – is realistic for papers on alzheimer's, her. Either path leads to destruction for her. Sally can’t have the baby because in her mind, her mother is review, all mothers and she doesn’t want to on alzheimer's be that – boring, smothering, anti-sexual –as her mother is portrayed in sujet de dissertation I Am a Camera and in on alzheimer's the song “Don’t Tell Mama” in Cabaret . (Isherwood later wrote of his own mother in these terms.) In the we all fall down 1993 London revival the song “Cabaret” became much more painful and more dramatic than in earlier versions, a primal scream of pain, an angry, frightening howl of research, despair, that closes Sally’s story in hopelessness. Email Resume. A Bizarre Little Figure. Director Hal Prince had seen a dwarf emcee at a club in Germany once, and papers, that was the inspiration for Cabaret 's Emcee. The Emcee represents German popular entertainment, metropolitan nightlife, the newfound sexual freedom that the Nazis would exploit in their propaganda. The Emcee is Berlin, in all its glamour and danger and wildness.
In Isherwood’s book Christopher and His Kind , he writes that “It was Berlin itself [I] was hungry to meet.” When Cliff starts writing his book on dissertation roman sujet, the train leaving Berlin at the end of papers on alzheimer's, Cabaret , the email Emcee is mentioned before Sally, giving him even more weight. In the original production, the Emcee was onstage during many of the book scenes, observing the action, a device Prince would use again in Company and Sweeney Todd . The Emcee gets twice as many songs as Sally, as well as both opening and closing the on alzheimer's show. Robert Cormier Down. If the show's concept is the central character, he is certainly the personification of that concept. He lies (“Even the orchestra is beautiful. ”) and shows us the horrific truth through his lies. He's charming but also dangerous. His behavior is completely uncontrolled; he has no boundaries, no conscience, no rules – not unlike Hitler. He shows us the moral freedom that many Germans were enjoying, but also shows us why that freedom can be a bad thing. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. The Emcee pretends to be apolitical but most of the club numbers are political and social satire. Many of the cabarets in Germany at that time included biting political satire in sujet corrige their shows. But the cabaret owners who indulged in political satire after 1930 were quickly thrown in jail. The Nazis publicly stated that the cabarets in Berlin were responsible for losing the papers war in 1918 and for the “decadence” that was destroying Germany.
Obviously, a handful of robert down essay, clubs and theatres in one city could not have had such an effect, but this stance was necessary to justify Hitler’s censorship of the cabarets and research papers on alzheimer's, his banishment of Jews from cabaret stages. When the Emcee welcomes us at the beginning, it is unsettling precisely because it is too perky, too happy, like old-fashioned musicals but distorted. Prince used the kind of brainless, happy, musical comedy conventions of the 20s and 30s to illustrate the danger in ignoring the real world. Resume Services Canada. Hollywood in that era put on the same happy face, asking us to on alzheimer's forget the email review war, the Depression, the death, the poverty. Papers On Alzheimer's. There may be some value in escapism, but when does it become dangerous to escape? When do we do ourselves a disservice by forgetting the horrors of the world? The Emcee tells us to leave our troubles outside, but in reality, those troubles are already inside, pervading every moment of the show. We already know what will happen in Germany during the 1930s.
The Emcee tells us the girls and the orchestra are beautiful when we can plainly see that they are garish, vulgar, scary – some of the “girls” are actually men in drag. He looks us straight in the eye and tells us to enjoy ourselves as he presents portrayals of immorality, prejudice, hatred, and grapes of wrath, self-delusion. When he repeats his welcoming speech at the end of the show, it is even more frightening now; he's still perky even after we've watched several lives utterly destroyed – and we know this is only the research on alzheimer's beginning of the horror for some of these characters. Writing Access. At the very end, the on alzheimer's Emcee briefly reprises “Willkommen,” perhaps an ironic welcome to the new Germany Ernst and grapes religion essay, the Nazis are building, but the Emcee doesn't finish the final phrase; the song stops, unfinished, and he disappears. We know the story is not over. Herr Schultz will undoubtedly be put in a concentration camp and papers on alzheimer's, murdered.
We’ve already seen a brick thrown through his shop window in Act II, a sinister foreshadowing of the 1938 Kristalnacht riots, a horrific night when the Nazis smashed Jewish shop windows, looted and burned synagogues, and took tens of research, thousands of Jews to concentration camps. And yet the Emcee is now happy to have helped us “forget” our troubles. Research Papers. As the show ends, is the Emcee saying goodbye to us or Cliff, or both? Or is he saying goodbye to the good times in Germany? It’s interesting that in the opening song, “Wilkommen,” the Emcee repeatedly delivers his message in German, French, and English (for example, “Wilkommen, bienvenue, welcome.”). But here at the end of the show, he says goodbye only in German (“auf wiedersehen”) and French (“ bientt”). There is no English goodbye. The melody doesn’t end and neither does the lyric.
The Emcee doesn’t finish his farewell. The English “goodbye” isn’t articulated, perhaps because it belongs to papers spiral-tabbedw/out access Cliff/Isherwood, who won’t be finished with Berlin until he writes his novel, which will be titled Goodbye to Berlin, finally finishing the Emcee’s farewell. But the question remains: is the research papers title of the research novel referring to Isherwood leaving Germany or to the fact that the old Berlin, a place of excitement and freedom, was being destroyed and research, would never return? Fraulein Schneider and Herr Schultz. Fraulein Schneider and spiral-tabbedw/out access, Herr Schultz are in some ways a traditional musical comedy couple in this very untraditional musical – and also the primary romantic couple – yet in keeping with the tone of the show, they are left without a happy ending. Still worried about audience expectations in 1966, the show's creators turned Cliff and Sally into a mostly traditional musical comedy couple (though they are less so in research papers the revised versions), with the older lovers as the second (only somewhat) comic couple.
Fraulein Schneider is described in the stage directions as indestructible. Essay. In some ways, this is true, though by research, the end of the show, her heart, her love has been destroyed. Of Wrath Religion Essay. Her first song, “So What,” shows us her ability to research papers on alzheimer's get past almost any obstacle, to take life as it comes, but this philosophy has a sour side. Robert Cormier We All Fall Down Essay. The older couple has two songs. “It Couldn't Please Me More” accompanies Herr Schultz's gift of a pineapple, a very expensive, extravagant gift, to on alzheimer's Fraulein Schneider (a moment echoed in The Blue Angel when a sea captain brings Marlene Dietrich a pineapple as a gift). They are older and wiser than Sally and Cliff, so their material needs are few, but their emotional needs are every bit as substantial as the younger couple's. Later, Herr Schultz is caught in Fraulein Schneider's room and is forced to pretend they're engaged to save her reputation – a stock comic situation.
They decide it's maybe not such a bad idea, and they sing “Married.” Similar in nature to “Somewhere That's Green” from Little Shop of Horrors , these songs are so effective and so charming because we're touched by the simplicity of sujet de dissertation, their love. Merely being together is on alzheimer's, all they need to be happy; and it is that simplicity that makes it so much more tragic when they are forced to cancel their engagement due to the prejudice sweeping through Germany. The show's creators have set up a traditional musical comedy love story, specifically to have it destroyed by the malevolence always lying just under the surface of the show, just as the new rules of concept musicals shattered the musical comedy conventions in Cabaret . Though Cliff can leave Germany, Schneider and Schultz can't. Writing. Schneider's song, “What Would You Do?” is a companion piece to “So What;” but here her philosophy of simply surviving no longer has the same appeal it did at the beginning of the show. Now that she has had love, simply surviving is no longer enough. As they did in most of their musicals, songwriters Kander Ebb wrote old-fashioned Broadway tunes for completely unconventional, morally and research papers on alzheimer's, emotionally complex situations. It’s this incongruity that lends each moment its peculiar power. The Importance of Being Ernst.
Ernst Ludwig is a fascinating and important character in email resume review Cabaret . On Alzheimer's. When we meet him, on the train carrying Cliff to Berlin, he seems to be a charming, jovial, friendly guy. It’s important that the audience loves him, that he is the most non-threatening character in the show, so that at the end of Act I, when we find out he’s a member of the Nazi party, it’s as upsetting for us as it is for email, Cliff. We have to share Cliff’s disillusionment and sense of betrayal. Among the research papers on alzheimer's messages of Cabaret is the idea that not all Nazi party members were monsters. We All Essay. Ordinary, decent Germans bought into research papers the rhetoric of the Nazi party, some because they feared repercussions, some to better their social position, some because they needed to feel pride in their country that was falling apart, and sujet de dissertation, some because the Nazi’s hateful, aggressive rhetoric didn’t pop up over night – the Nazis were brilliant in papers the way they introduced their ideas very gradually, very discreetly, into the German culture. If Ernst is played as a “dark” character from the beginning, if clues are given to the audience that Ernst may not be a nice guy, the impact of resume services ottawa canada, his party membership is diluted, and the reality of research papers on alzheimer's, 1930s Germany is roman, lost. Ernst may not be a particularly honorable character, but he is real, and that is what’s most disturbing. Papers On Alzheimer's. The song “Tomorrow Belongs to Me” further reinforces this point. It’s used twice in the show. First, it’s performed by performers in the Kit Kat Klub, whom the script describes as handsome, well-scrubbed, and email resume, idealistic. The song comes after a scene in which the romance between Fraulein Schneider and Herr Schultz is firmly established; it has also been established earlier that Herr Schultz is Jewish.
Knowing what we do about pre-war Germany, we know there is trouble on the horizon. As if to reassure us of the dangers that lie ahead, “Tomorrow Belongs to Me” illustrates the sincerity and self-righteousness of the people who will follow the Nazis, the research papers on alzheimer's people who believe the Nazis are their only hope for saving Germany. Kander and Ebb have really stacked the dissertation sujet deck with this song to make it sound as wholesome and healthy as possible. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. The first two verses are filled with lyrical themes – nature, awakenings, the future, children. As the lyric becomes less pastoral and more nationalistic, the sujet orchestra joins in, with the research papers on alzheimer's french horn and guitar prominent, adding a rustic, bucolic sound. The most frightening lyric is the second to last line, which promises that a time will soon come when the world will belong to the singers (i.e., to Germany). Review. On one level this can be interpreted as a deep connection to nature; on research papers, another level, it refers to Hitler's desire to conquer the world.
The love of nature is transformed into review fanatical nationalism, one of the most dangerous forces in history, a force that still today motivates “ethnic cleansing” and wars around the globe. Then, at the end of Act I, at the engagement party, Fraulein Kost sings this song again to keep Ernst from leaving the party. With only an accordion accompaniment, the song still sounds pretty and innocent. Ernst joins her, with a swastika now prominent on his sleeve; if the subtext of the song wasn't obvious earlier, there can be no mistake about it now. Soon everyone at the party – except for papers on alzheimer's, Schneider, Schultz, Sally, and papers, Cliff – is singing proudly about the research on alzheimer's Fatherland. Papers. Like the earlier version, this rendition moves up a key for each verse, increasing the dramatic impact. (Considering the Nazis' official position on immorality, it's ironic that the song is started by a prostitute.) At the end of the papers song, the Emcee appears onstage to underline the menace of the lyric, and as he disappears, the lights go out. The important point the song makes is of wrath religion, that the people of Germany were not rallying around a party committed to research papers killing; they only knew that the ottawa canada Nazis promised prosperity and the salvation of Germany. In the film version, Brian and Max are sitting in a beer garden out in research the country, when a young blond boy begins singing “Tomorrow Belongs to Me.” Slowly the camera pans down to of wrath the swastika on his arm band.
The people in the beer garden smile at his youth and research on alzheimer's, his love for his country. Two waiters start singing with him, then one by one, the onlookers stand and ottawa canada, join in. There is pride in their faces, determination, fierce patriotism. As each verse moves up a key, the crowd becomes more and more impassioned. These are not murderers; they believe they are patriots. They don't know the Nazis will soon be practicing genocide. People today often ask how the German people could have been so easily seduced by Hitler.
The answer is that they loved their country and didn’t listen closely enough to the Nazis propaganda. At the end of the scene in the movie, Brian and Max are getting in their car to leave and Brian says to Max, “Do you still think you can control them?” It is a deeply disturbing scene to watch mainly because these are simple, good people who have no idea what the papers Nazis have planned and what the future holds for their beloved Germany. Fraulein Kost is email resume review, a fascinating character who is papers on alzheimer's, too often played as a stereotype, there just for laughs about sailors and resume ottawa, sex. But she’s more than that. She is a survivor like Fraulein Schneider. But though Schneider once had money and still owns a boarding house, Kost has never had that advantage. Her only option (at least in research papers her mind) is to sell herself. She’s not just a hooker; she’s someone who had very few, if any, other options.
Would she be in this line of writing ottawa, work if there weren’t an on alzheimer's economic crisis? Who knows? But playing her as a one-dimensional “type” dilutes the impact of Germany’s economic problems in 1930. She is a rich, complex character who is rarely given her due. Grapes Of Wrath. One way to on alzheimer's give her the depth she deserves is to corrige de dissertation assign her the German verse that has been inserted into the song “Married” in recent revivals.
It gives her a point of view on love, marriage, and research papers, the future. It helps explain her almost desperate attempt to keep Ernst at the engagement party and it tells us that perhaps she needs love as much as money from her sailors. The score to robert cormier we all fall Cabaret has two kinds of songs – comment songs and book songs. The comment songs are those performed in research papers on alzheimer's the Kit Kat Klub (and in the original production, sometimes in grapes essay front of research papers, a light curtain). They are diegetic, meaning that the grapes characters are conscious of the fact that they're singing. They work in research papers on alzheimer's a night club, so the act of de dissertation, singing is part of the action of the story.
The book songs are the research on alzheimer's kind of regular musical comedy numbers that you find in most traditional musicals, in which characters express their thoughts and feelings through the artificial language of grapes, singing. The book songs are not realistically motivated; if these characters were real people in real life, they would not be singing; and in the world of the story, the characters aren't aware of the fact that they're singing. Traditional musicals usually use only book songs. When Curly and Laurie sing “People Will Say We're in research papers Love” in robert we all essay Oklahoma! , the characters don't know they're singing. When Arthur sings “How to Handle a Woman” in Camelot , he's not aware that he's singing. In the latter case, we're hearing his thoughts; the song is an internal monologue. The film version of Cabaret cut all the show's book songs (unless you count “Tomorrow Belongs to Me”) and papers on alzheimer's, only used the realistically motivated comment songs. Because of this, there is debate over whether or not it's still really a musical, technically speaking.
The 1993 London revival solved this problem of stylistic schizophrenia by grapes, playing the conventional book scenes on the nearly empty club stage, in effect, making every song and all the dialogue scenes club acts as well. It was the first production of the show that really gave the musical a sense of unity it hadn’t had before. The first song in Cabaret , “Wilkommen,” functions as both a comment song and a book song. It welcomes us both to the Kit Kat Klub where much of the action will take place, and research papers on alzheimer's, also to Cabaret , the resume musical. The Emcee is addressing the audience in the Kit Kat Klub while he also addresses the real audience. Using the opening song this way prepares us for the two different uses to which songs will be put in the show. The next comment song is “Two Ladies,” positioned just after Cliff has decided to let Sally move in with him. The song presents the Emcee and research papers on alzheimer's, two female roommates, clearly illustrating the humor and perceived immorality of co-habitation. The song works better in the film in religion essay which it describes Sally, Brian, and Max's threesome, a situation more like the situation described in research the song. The song also loses part of its punch in the revised versions of the show in which we already know Cliff is gay; although we will later find out dissertation sujet, they have slept together. This song may be a conscious homage to research Trude Hesterberg’s actual German cabaret number “Particularly Refined Ladies,” which is cormier we all essay, similar in content.
Later in research papers the show, after Cliff accepts a job smuggling for Ernst and his unnamed political party, the corrige de dissertation scene shifts to the Kit Kat Klub, and the Emcee begins another comment song, “The Money Song.” The song in this spot since the 1987 revival is papers on alzheimer's, actually two songs – “Sitting Pretty” from the 1966 stage version and “Money, Money” from the film. This new hybrid begins with the Emcee telling us that, though everyone else in his family is starving (as most Germans were at the time), he's got all the money he needs. The reason? He sells girls (and perhaps himself), the obvious implication being that Cliff is essay, prostituting himself for a buck. The song then goes on to say that money makes the world go around. When you're poor, neither love nor religion makes a bit of difference; only money can put food in your mouth and a roof over your head. If you're lonely, money can buy companionship. If you're overworked, money can buy a vacation.
In the minds of the people of Germany, only money can solve their problems. For Cliff and Sally, now expecting a baby, money is on alzheimer's, more important than ever. An end to the depression was one of the Nazis' biggest promises to the German people. “The Money Song” is writing services canada, a testament to the fact that people will do almost anything – including abandoning their morals – for money. Gorilla My Dreams. In Act II, scene 2, Fraulein Schneider, unnerved by the events at the engagement party, comes to research papers on alzheimer's tell Herr Schultz she has reconsidered and will not marry him. Though she doesn't say it outright, we know she has a great – and research papers, legitimate – fear of anti-Semitic acts of violence that would be perpetrated against them both. As she leaves the stunned Herr Schultz, the scene returns to papers on alzheimer's the Kit Kat Klub where the Emcee enters with a gorilla in a dress. He sings, “If You Could See Her.” The song describes the blossoming romance between the Emcee and the gorilla and the prejudice they encounter whenever they go out in public; if we could only see her though his eyes, he pleads, we would understand their love. The audience laughs along with the dissertation roman ridiculous premise of the song, especially during the papers dance break.
At the end of the song, the Emcee stage whispers the shocker: “If you could see her through my eyes, she wouldn't look Jewish at all!” The show's writers have caught us. We easily accepted the fact that a man can't possibly fall in writing research papers access love with a gorilla, just as most Germans easily accepted the on alzheimer's fact that a gentile can't possibly love or marry a Jew, or as many people today easily accept the writing services fact that it's unnatural for research on alzheimer's, two men or two women to fall in love. In the film version, the Emcee delivers a short speech midway through the song; he asks if it's a crime to fall in love, and asks why can't the world live and let live. The sad truth is that sometimes in dissertation roman our mixed-up world, it still is a crime for some people to fall in love. There will always be people who want to control other people's behavior. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. This song is resume review, about perception and preconceptions, and about the inherent absurdity of research papers, any kind of prejudice.
It's meant to religion make the audience very uncomfortable, and it does. It worked well enough in 1966 that the creators reluctantly softened the papers on alzheimer's last line to appease the many audience members who were infuriated by it. The lyric was changed back for the revivals. Like “Willkommen” and “Tomorrow Belongs to Me,” the song “Cabaret” is robert we all essay, used both as a comment song and a book song. Papers. It's ironic that Sally sings this song of happiness and contentedness just after Cliff has been beaten senseless by some Nazis. But soon, the dissertation roman sujet song changes from a book song into a commentary song. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. This is the attitude will allow the fall down essay Nazis to win the elections.
People would rather think about happy things, having fun, enjoying life. Politics, the depression, immorality, the downfall of Germany, these are not topics people like Sally want to think about. Ironically, life in Germany will soon not be a cabaret. Millions will be killed, war will ravage the country, Hitler will commit suicide and Germany will surrender. To the Kit Kat Klub audience, Sally's song is delightful. To the real audience, with the papers on alzheimer's knowledge of what will happen in Germany, the song is writing research spiral-tabbedw/out access, terribly disturbing. Subtextually, the lyric also partially describes the social activist mood of research on alzheimer's, 1966 America, the refusal to sit at home doing nothing. But “Cabaret” is of wrath essay, more. The centerpiece of the song, the story about Elsie, is Sally’s direct response to Cliff, her mother, and anyone else who has criticized her lifestyle.
Sally has no doubt read romance stories, which at that time still romanticized the papers on alzheimer's idea of dying tragically young. Sally not only believes that she has to have “several passionate affairs,” but she must also die dramatically and tragically at too young an age, in order to give credibility to her image of herself as a woman who’s Bigger Than Life. Grapes. The Elsie story is papers, Sally’s justification for resume, her endless party of a life; and papers on alzheimer's, Elsie’s status as “the happiest corpse I’d ever seen” is, in Sally’s mind, a perfectly convincing response to Elsie’s (i.e., Sally’s) neighbors’ who believe that “that’s what comes from too much pills and liquor.” Cliff has rejected her lifestyle but now she has the email resume review stage. She will tell her side of the story. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. The tragedy is that she probably doesn’t really even believe it anymore.
Life isn’t a cabaret anymore for her; her life is in ruins. It’s not clear if she’s had the abortion already by the time she sings this song, but either way, it’s on her mind. Maybe she’ll bounce back this time, maybe she won’t, and it’s that declaration of something even she doesn’t really believe that gives this song an underlying sadness, despite the manic music and optimistic lyrics. In fact, several recent productions have played this song as an robert we all fall actual nervous breakdown for Sally, with her literally screaming the lyrics by the end of the song. Papers On Alzheimer's. But there’s one more thing going on in this song. In a way, this is a very public (though perhaps subconscious) working out of her decision about the abortion. Robert Cormier. Does she have the baby and enter into papers on alzheimer's the dreary world of domesticity, like her friend Sybil – metaphorically sitting alone in her room – or does she abort the baby and continue her lifestyle of parties, alcohol, drugs, and email resume review, sex – the papers on alzheimer's tasting of the metaphorical wine, the celebrating of life as a cabaret. Email Resume. She decides in this song that she will continue her wild life, which means she must abort the baby. The show has set up two friends of Sally’s, two opposite role models from which Sally must choose. Research. Her school chum Sybil came to “a bad end” by falling in love, getting married, and resume writing ottawa, having babies.
Elsie, Sally’s friend from Chelsea, ended up “the happiest corpse” Sally had ever seen. By the end of the show, Sally has chosen to be like Elsie. And by rejecting Sybil, she rejects Cliff and their child. It’s after performing this song in the club that she stays out on alzheimer's, all night, seeing the doctor who aborts her baby. The recent trend to play “Cabaret” as a breakdown makes even more sense with the abortion in mind.
One of the cormier we all fall down clever, usually overlooked devices the research papers score uses is corrige de dissertation, connecting songs and characters through introductions. The introduction of “Don’t Tell Mama” echoes the research on alzheimer's introduction of “Wilkommen,” connecting these two club numbers. The introduction of “Perfectly Marvelous” is an instrumental reprise of “Don’t Tell Mama,” clueing us into the fact that Sally is performing for of wrath religion essay, Cliff, and also suggesting that just like dancing in research papers a club, living with Cliff is something of which Sally’s mother would not approve. There’s even a second quote of writing spiral-tabbedw/out, “Don’t Tell Mama” here in papers the underscoring in the middle of the grapes religion essay song. The introduction to “Tomorrow Belongs to Me” quotes “It Couldn’t Please Me More,” connecting the two songs, making it clear that “Tomorrow” is commenting on the wholesomeness of Schneider and Schultz’s relationship, a wholesomeness that will be turned into horror. The introduction to papers “Why Should I Wake Up?” is a quote of “Perfectly Marvelous,” showing us that Cliff has bought into Sally’s world view, that he’s enjoying the crazy distraction of her living there, and that her con has been successful.
The introduction to research access “Married” also quotes “It Couldn’t Please Me More,” connecting these two songs about Schneider and papers, Schultz’s romance. It’s interesting that when “It Couldn’t Please Me More” is sujet, used as dance music at research papers, the fruit shop party, it’s introduced by a musical accompaniment pattern that will be used later for “If You Could See Her.” It’s an almost unnoticeable device, connecting Schneider and Schultz’s romance to the celebration, but also to the very unpleasant Act II comment song that will introduce the idea of anti-Semitism into the relationship. Roman. And finally, the introduction and the final instrumental tag in “Cabaret” echo the introductions to “Wilkommen” and “Don’t Tell Mama,” but this time the chords are much more dissonant, much harsher, and also more manic, more out of control. Sally hasn’t learned anything, and her life has spun out of control, which her accompaniment illustrates. Again, it may not be consciously noticed by papers, the audience, but they will feel that though this sounds like Sally’s earlier music, it also sounds uglier. De Dissertation. The question remains: why produce a thirty-five-year-old musical?
The answer is simple. Because it still matters. Because there are some lessons in life so important we must revisit them from research papers on alzheimer's, time to time. Sujet De Dissertation. What does Cabaret have to teach us in 2001? That it’s not okay to ignore what’s going on around us, that we cannot allow our world to research be less than it should be, that we should never keep quiet, that it’s important to participate, that we have a responsibility to each other and to our community, that any discrimination, any indignity, any prejudice, no matter how slight must be brought out into the light of grapes of wrath, day and condemned. What would have happened in Germany in the early 1930s if more people had voted? What would have happened if people like Sally Bowles had paid attention to on alzheimer's what was happening in the Reichstag? What would have happened if people like Fraulein Schneider had stood up and said loudly and decisively that they will not accept intimidation, that they will not be bullied, that they will not go along in the name of self-preservation? What would have happened if the people of Germany had listened more closely to the Nazis and then stood up and denounced Adolf Hitler for the madman he was?
Would things have been different? Who knows? But there was some moment, before the grapes religion point of no return, when the Germans could have gone down a different road and saved the world from the horrors that should not have been inevitable. Cabaret is about that moment, a time when it wasn’t yet too late, when Germany wasn’t yet locked into the path that would lead to the murder of millions of Jews. But the people of Germany couldn’t see what we see. Research On Alzheimer's. They didn’t know how their choices, their fear, their apathy would lead to bigger things.
People like Fraulein Schneider and Fraulein Kost were busy just trying to survive. People like Sally Bowles were busy having too good a time. The extermination of the Jews started small, in tiny, daily indignities, in dissertation roman sujet little, nearly unnoticeable acts of prejudice, in seemingly innocent jokes, in papers the words people chose. Could the same thing happen today? Of course it could.
Right wing political leaders in America today say pretty much the same things the Nazis said about gays, women, family, religion, culture, education, and patriotism. It may not seem dangerous right now, but it didn’t seem dangerous in writing research Germany in 1930 either. We have an obligation to research on alzheimer's learn from corrige, what happened in Germany. We have an obligation to research papers make different choices. Sujet Corrige. If we don’t do it today, it may be too late tomorrow.
The vocal selections (from the stage and film versions), and the full piano vocal score (the 1966 stage version) have all been published. The original script is not available but the script of the 1998 Broadway revival is research papers on alzheimer's, available in sujet corrige an attractive coffee table book. The original cast recording is available, as well as the 1998 revival cast album and the film soundtrack. After 1987, the song Don't Go replaced Why Should I Wake Up and research, I Don't Care Much was added in the second act. Meeskite was cut. And Sitting Pretty was absorbed into the new medley, The Money Song. The only complete recording of the fall down score is a 1999 studio cast recording with Jonathan Pryce, Maria Friedman, Judi Dench, and papers on alzheimer's, lyricist Fred Ebb as Herr Schultz. This recording contains the entire original score, plus all the songs added for the film and the revivals. The most valuable sources for background information will be history books on cormier we all fall down essay, Weimar Germany and the rise of the research papers on alzheimer's Nazi party.
One fascinating book that will offer great insights into the material is Linda Mizejewski's Divine Decadence: Fascism, Female Spectacle, and the Makings of Sally Bowles , which discusses every version of the services ottawa Sally Bowles story, including the novel, play, movie, stage musical, and movie musical. Another great book is Peter Jelavich’s historical study Berlin Cabaret . Also, Ute Lemper has recorded an album, called Berlin Cabaret Songs , of research on alzheimer's, songs from German cabarets that were banned by the Nazis.
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Leading construction engineering MNC engaged in projects across the globe, in sectors like roads highways, buildings, industrial infrastructure, oil, gas and refinery, airport infrastructure, etc. Team Size: 7; Tools Environment: Oracle11i Apps (184.108.40.206), AP, FA, GL, Ce, Oracle RDBMS 10g, Windows NT. ? Managing a team for functional implementation of Oracle Financials (GL, AP, CM FA modules) with India Localization across the organization. ? Configuring modules; designing reports and add-ons; coordinating with Technical Team in research on alzheimer's order to monitor development and implementation progress according methodology. ? Implementing AIM methodology for resume review implementations support; facilitating end-user training creating user manuals. ? Experience of managing experienced organizations resources with accounting skills. ? Taking care of the application system; supporting and providing support for on alzheimer's end-users to capitalize application usage. ? Preparing the sujet de dissertation following: o Current financial and papers, operating structure (RD.010) which deliverable is COA.
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? Acts as second line support to robert we all fall down essay, the customer. ? Conducts training to the end user on means of operating the implemented system. ? Uploading data sheets with Dataloader and ADI. ? Conducting end user training sessions for system users. ? Assists in obtaining the approved/signed “Final Acceptance Sheet” from the client on his/her own module(s) within the project. ? Coordinated with the research papers on alzheimer's business users functional team members to get the functional requirement for further maintenance. ? Developed ad-hoc Journal reports using FSG based on the end user requirement. ? Standard General Ledger reports and Oracle Payables reports such as Trial Balance, Payment Register and Invoice Register using FSG as per the functional specification. ? Worked in Oracle11i Apps cash management modules to load, import and auto-reconcile the bank statement transaction against payments in Accounts Payable (AP). ? Assisted in finalization of year-end closing. Constructions Ltd., Gurgaon; Team Size: 7.
C C Constructions Limited incorporated in July 1996 by resume review, a group of professionals for infrastructure development. Company is engaged in construction of Highways, Airports and lying of Optic Fibre Cables and maintenance of Telecom Network. Team Size: 8; Tools Environment: Oracle11i Apps (11.5.9) AP, AR, GL, FA, Ce, Oracle RDBMS 10g, Windows NT. ? Provided support for management of the IT setup for 'Project: P- 3403, Investigation …… Valley Project, I.T., IMS, Central Office'. ? Assisted the project team in processing and testing data with the Material Testing Machine, and in deciphering the test results. ? Developed Forms for research on alzheimer's data entry, created users and generated reports.
? Managed the storage of data and took regular data backups. Oct '97 to corrige de dissertation, Feb '00 Asia Foundations Constructions as Accounts Officer, (Windows95, MS-Office 97) I joined as an Accounts Assistant and became Accounts AM to holding multiple projects. • Responsible for the day to day functioning of the on alzheimer's Accounts and Finance functions including MIS, Audit, Taxation, etc. • Responsible for the development and de dissertation, maintenance of all internal accounting controls to provide reasonable assurance that transactions are executed and recorded properly for project. • Taxation matters including both Direct Indirect tax including filing of returns and research papers on alzheimer's, all other legal payments and documentation of the same. • Overall cash management including receivables, payables, and working capital. • Furnish financial information to roman sujet, management on an ongoing basis, as required. • Ensuring adherence of all clauses of various agreements entered into with Vendors and Customers.
• Ensuring deduction and deposit of research papers, TDS, service tax and other statutory dues of the company. 1997 Diploma in Computer Science (PG Diploma) from review Saurashtra University; Marks Secured- 47% 1995 B.Com. Papers On Alzheimer's! From Saurashtra University; Marks Secured- 43% You must be logged in and have a current resume access subscription. Login or Register »
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Instructions Preparation for 2017-2018. Duke University Office of Undergraduate Admissions. 2138 Campus Drive, Box 90586. Durham, NC 27708-0586. A complete application consists of research on alzheimer's, various documents, some of which have different deadlines.
Please refer to our application components and deadlines, which will let you know what documents are required and when they are due. To open an application file, you must submit the de dissertation, Common Application or Coalition Application. The application will ask you to provide biographical and academic information, to detail your extracurricular activities and to do a bit of personal essay writing. It also includes forms for school officials to research complete on your behalf. Of Wrath Religion. It is acceptable if your school forms and/or teacher recommendations are submitted on paper, even though your portion of the application will be submitted online. Please note that Duke will not accept activity resumes for the 2018 application process. Research Papers. If you have information that you need to share with us that will not be reflected elsewhere in your application, you may add it to the Additional Information section of the application. Once we receive the student-submitted portions of your application, we will send you an email with instructions for accessing a personalized Application Checklist where you can monitor the status of your application, check that we have received the required documents, make changes to your personal information and view your admission decision. Both the Common Application and the Coalition Application include a one-page personal essay. In addition, both include two short essay questions that are specific to Duke and that offer you the opportunity to share your unique interests and perspective. One of the short essay questions is sujet corrige, required, and the other is research on alzheimer's, optional--and yes, it is truly optional!
You can submit your short writing with or after the other student portions of the application, no later than the application deadline. You must send your nonrefundable $85 application fee or fee waiver request along with the Common Application or Coalition Application. Both applications accept online payment via credit card or electronic check. Please note that we do not accept credit card payment by telephone. If you pay by roman sujet check, please make the check payable to Duke University. Checks must be for research papers payment in U.S. dollars and must be drawn on a U.S. bank. We offer fee waivers for qualifying students, which means under many circumstances we will waive the dissertation sujet, $85 application fee for students with high financial need. Through your Common Application or Coalition Application you may request an application fee waiver online, and your guidance counselor will receive an research papers on alzheimer's email invitation to endorse your request. Defining an Academic Concentration. You must apply to either the Trinity College of Arts Sciences or the writing services ottawa canada, Pratt School of Engineering. The application will also ask you to papers on alzheimer's indicate your preliminary academic interests so we can get to know you intellectually.
Please refer to robert cormier fall the overview of Trinity and Pratt as well as their majors and papers minors if you have questions about the best program for your interests. It is resume review, not easier or harder to research be admitted to grapes religion essay one program or another; pick the school and research academic fields that best match your interests. Applying Early or Regular Decision. You must also apply either for ottawa Early Decision or Regular Decision, and we will process your application according to the plan you check on the Common Application. To apply Early Decision, you, one of research papers on alzheimer's, your parents and your secondary school counselor must sign the essay, Early Decision Agreement confirming your commitment to enroll at Duke if you are admitted. You will receive your admission decision in research papers on alzheimer's mid-December. All candidates for admission must complete one of the following standardized testing options: the ACT, including writing, or the SAT, including the essay for writing research papers students who choose to submit the new SAT. For students who submit the SAT, two SAT Subject Tests are strongly recommended. Students who have taken multiple tests may choose which scores to send to Duke. Research On Alzheimer's. For students who elect to send multiple test scores Duke will use whichever score is grapes religion essay, highest. Students from more than 85 countries have found a home at Duke.
Innovative, restless and driven: these are qualities not confined by research papers on alzheimer's geography. There is no separate application for grapes religion essay international students. Standardized Testing Considerations for International Applicants. All applicants for the first-year class, whether educated in the United States or abroad, are required to research on alzheimer's complete the full testing requirements. Email Resume Review. The SAT and ACT tests are given throughout the year at testing centers around the world, although students outside the United States will generally find that the SAT is available in more places than the ACT. Research Papers. We understand that some students do not have access to roman a testing center in their home countries (e.g., mainland China).
These students may be exempt, and papers on alzheimer's if so, may not be disadvantaged in resume services the evaluation process. In Duke's application process, SAT and ACT scores are not viewed as the sole measure of a student's academic ability. Papers On Alzheimer's. We also recognize that test scores from bilingual students, or students outside of a United States high school system, may reflect a student's lack of familiarity and experience with this type of standardized test. This is spiral-tabbedw/out, taken into account when applications are considered. Results of national examinations such as the GCSE or A-levels cannot be substituted for the SAT, SAT Subject Tests, or ACT. We recommend but do not require the IELTS (International English Language Testing System), the PTE Academic (Pearson Test of English), or the research papers on alzheimer's, TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) for non-native English speakers who feel their TOEFL or IELTS scores might represent their English ability better than their SAT or ACT scores do. You can read more about how we consider the TOEFL here. Curriculum Considerations for sujet corrige International Applicants. Prior to the anticipated date of enrollment at research papers on alzheimer's Duke, students should have completed an academic program that would enable them to enroll at a university in their home countries. Email Review. For example, students from British or British-based education systems should have completed their A-levels before enrollment, and students from the French or German education systems should complete the Baccalaureate or Abitur. For most students, this means that they will begin the application process during their final year of study in a pre-university program.
To obtain an F-1 visa for study in the United States, a foreign citizen must furnish his or her home country's U.S. consulate with proof of ability to meet educational expenses, along with a certificate of eligibility for a visa application (the I-20 form). I-20 forms for incoming foreign students are issued only after a student has accepted an offer of papers, admission at robert we all down Duke and returned a completed Certificate of Financial Responsibility. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. Visa services and resume advice on on alzheimer's federal regulations concerning non-U.S. citizens are available through Duke Visa Services. Interviews for robert down essay International Students. While not required for admission, interviews provide an opportunity for research papers on alzheimer's the applicant to writing papers spiral-tabbedw/out access learn about Duke and for a representative of the university to learn about the applicant's strengths. We have alumni volunteers conducting interviews in forty-two countries worldwide. Because of the high volume of applicants we receive from China, Duke will accept admissions interviews from InitialView for students attending school in China. These interviews will serve in research lieu of alumni interviews.
We encourage interested students in we all down China to arrange an interview with InitialView as soon as possible in order to secure an appointment. Research. All interviews must be submitted to Duke by resume review December 1 for Early Decision and March 1 for Regular Decision. We welcome applications from undocumented and DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) students. You apply in the same way U.S. citizens and permanent residents do, and your application will be considered the same way U.S citizens and on alzheimer's permanent residents are, by cormier we all fall essay the regional admissions officer responsible for where you attend high school. When you apply, you should be honest about your current citizenship status. You do not need a social security number to research on alzheimer's use the Common Application or Coalition Application; that field can be left blank. Beginning with students who are applying for admission for Fall of 2017, Duke will review undocumented and DACA students using the same “need-blind” process as applicants who are U.S. citizens or permanent residents. This means that your application will be evaluated for admission without regard to your family's ability to pay. Our need-blind model allows us to create a class characterized by both exceptional talent and meaningful diversity, regardless of the financial circumstances of our applicants’ families. Duke University views its financial aid program as an investment in students and their futures.
That’s why we are committed to meeting 100 percent of the writing spiral-tabbedw/out access, demonstrated need for each admitted student. Undocumented or DACA students who wish to apply for financial aid should fill out the CSS Profile by papers on alzheimer's the appropriate Early Decision or Regular Decision deadline. Information about the sujet corrige, financial aid process for research on alzheimer's undocumented students can be found here, and answers to frequently asked questions can be found here. For general instructions on how to apply for financial aid, please visit the Office of writing canada, Undergraduate Financial Aid website. Duke’s Support for Undocumented and DACA Students. Duke University’s goal is to papers provide access, inclusion, and dissertation support to research papers all of our students and their diverse backgrounds and needs. We encourage you to read more about how this support applies to writing canada undocumented and DACA students in papers on alzheimer's this message from the Duke University President. If you have questions or concerns regarding applying to Duke as an undocumented or DACA student, please contact our office. Homeschooled or Cyber-Schooled Students.
Duke University welcomes applications from email, students who are educated in nonconventional ways such as homeschooling and cyber-schooling. As with all Duke students, their distinct life experiences, unique motivations and intellectual vitality enhance our community. Regardless of papers on alzheimer's, educational background, all applicants are evaluated in six areas: standardized testing, curriculum choice, achievement, recommendations, essays, and extracurricular activity. While we do not have any additional application requirements for these students, there is some benefit for these students and their families in grapes providing supplementary information to help us better understand the context, the papers, rigor and the students’ achievements in their chosen educational path. Below are some suggestions for homeschooled or cyber-schooled students to better elucidate their academics and involvement in our application process: In general, students should take the best and access most challenging courses available.
We recommend but do not require four years of English and at least three years of mathematics, natural science, foreign language, and social studies. For students applying to the Pratt School of Engineering, we require coursework in papers on alzheimer's calculus and strongly recommend physics. Most homeschooled students have followed varied curricula. Robert Fall Essay. We do not support or prefer any particular program. Some homeschooled applicants follow packaged curricula with outside evaluators, some enroll exclusively in local college classes, some teach themselves independently, some rely on papers on alzheimer's their parents’ instructionbut most choose a combination of different approaches.
We understand that the choice of curriculum is best decided by each individual family. Whatever path a student chooses, we would like information about the essay, student’s homeschool experience and environment that would be helpful for our committee. In addition to the courses and grades, we are interested in research papers on alzheimer's knowing how and why the student and family chose homeschooling, the setting for homeschooling, and writing research spiral-tabbedw/out the philosophy behind the education provided. We are also interested in the philosophy behind and research on alzheimer's the setting of the education provided. For courses that are taught at home, we would like an writing research papers spiral-tabbedw/out access explanation of the grading scale or other methods of evaluation.
When a student indicates that he/she is homeschooled, the research, Common Application generates supplemental questions on dissertation roman the School Report that should be completed and submitted to research papers on alzheimer's provide this information. Students are also welcome to share their insights into their educational choice, especially their thoughts about the benefits they have gained and how the experience will allow them to contribute to the community at corrige Duke. If the student has taken courses from a distance learning program, traditional secondary school, or any institution of higher education, we require official transcripts from papers on alzheimer's, these institutions. Fall Down. Applicants are not required to present a GED or proof of accreditation. The standardized testing requirements are the same for all Duke applicants: students must submit scores from either the ACT with writing or the SAT Reasoning Test with essay, with SAT subject tests strongly recommended for students who have taken only the research, SAT. Grapes Of Wrath Religion. However, in the absence of traditional grades, we encourage homeschooled students to submit AP test and/or additional SAT subject results to validate their mastery of papers on alzheimer's, a subject. Although your parent may complete your school report to provide context for your academic choices, we encourage students to provide two additional letters of sujet corrige de dissertation, recommendation from non-relatives and preferably from individuals who have worked with the student in an in-person academic setting. Employers, religious leaders, sports coaches or other adults can write these recommendations if all academic instruction takes place in the home. Letters from an research on-line instructor are less helpful if he/she has not had direct contact with the homeschool student. We encourage all applicants to become involved in their local community.
Many times the line between curricular and extracurricular activities may be less distinct for homeschooled students so it is especially important to describe and writing research document your involvements. We encourage homeschooled students to submit their applications in time for us to arrange an alumni interview in the student's local area. An interview report provides the research papers, admissions committee an additional source of information and perspective about a student’s potential fit for the Duke community. We welcome your interest in grapes essay transferring to research on alzheimer's Duke. Robert We All Down. Every fall, approximately 30 students transfer into research on alzheimer's either the Trinity College of Arts Sciences or the we all fall essay, Pratt School of Engineering.
Most will enroll as sophomores, although the research papers, selection committee will also admit a small number of juniors. While transfer students are new to the Duke community, they bring with them the same characteristics of talent and engagement as the rest of their undergraduate peers. Transfer students add a tremendous amount to campus life all while pursuing their unique, intellectual interests at one of America’s leading universities. Please consult the following guidelines to determine your eligibility to transfer to Duke: • If you have attended any college or university in writing ottawa canada the past four years and will have successfully completed at papers on alzheimer's least one full year of transferrable college work by grapes of wrath religion essay the August in which you hope to enroll, you qualify to apply to Duke as a transfer applicant. • All transferrable college work should be completed at an accredited degree-granting institution. College work completed at a vocational, technical, performance, or professional program will not be considered. • If you are a high school student in on alzheimer's an “early college” or dual-enrollment program who will earn an associate degree while finishing high school, you should apply as a first-year applicant. • If you have already completed an undergraduate (bachelor’s) degree at a four-year college, you cannot be considered for transfer admission. • Unfortunately, you may not apply for transfer to dissertation Duke as a part-time student.
Instead, we encourage you to contact Duke Continuing Studies for information on taking courses on a non-degree basis. • The admissions committee seeks applicants who can provide evidence of on alzheimer's, academic preparation within the corrige de dissertation, past four years. Research On Alzheimer's. If you have not recently attended high school or college, we strongly encourage you to do so prior to applying for transfer, either through Duke Continuing Studies or an accredited degree-granting institution in your local area. Duke offers military veterans a high level of support as they transition to writing services our campus community. Papers. For more information about the resources available to veterans, please visit the following resources: Duke offers a multitude of opportunities to its undergraduates.
We’re looking for students ready to respond to roman sujet those opportunities intelligently, creatively and enthusiastically. We like ambition and curiosity, talent and persistence, energy and humanity. When we read an application and research then discuss an application in our Admissions Committee, we consider both the robert we all fall down essay, academic and the personal qualities of each student. We think about what a student has accomplished within the context of the opportunities and challenges he or she has faced. And we seek those students who will bring a variety of experiences, backgrounds, interests and opinions to the campus.
We especially appreciate students who love thinking hard about things and papers on alzheimer's who like to resume make a difference in the world. Our admissions process is guided by on alzheimer's our assessment of six primary factors: • The rigor of a candidate’s academic program. • Academic performance as measured by grades in academic courses. • Letters of recommendation. • The quality of thought and expression in the application essay. • Standardized test scores (Transfer applicants must submit scores from either the SAT or ACT, without exception.) Transfer admission to Duke is writing ottawa, highly selective, with the admission rate ranging from 3% to research 7% over the past five years. Down. Transfer applicants are expected to research papers have demonstrated a high level of academic talent, both at their current higher education institution and in high school. The most successful applicants will have a minimum college GPA of email resume, 3.7 in a challenging academic program.
Of those admitted in 2015, the mid-50% had SAT I critical reading scores between 670-740, math scores between 720-800 and writing scores between 670-770. Interviews are not part of the transfer evaluation process and not available to transfer applicants. Your application must be submitted electronically through either the research papers, Common Application or Coalition Application. Please consult the Checklist Deadlines webpage for a list of dissertation roman, required application components and due dates. If you intend to research papers apply through the Common Application, please visit their website for instructions on where to find the College Report/Mid Year Report/Final Report in your transfer account. If your current college/university does not allow the submission of recommendation forms through the email, Common Application portal, you can find Duke-specific PDF versions of the recommendation forms below. Research Papers. These forms should be either mailed or faxed to our office. If you have exceptional talent in dance, theater, art, music, photography or film/video/digital media, you may submit supplementary material to be evaluated by review an appropriate faculty member. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. You may begin to submit artistic materials on dissertation February 15.
All submissions are due by March 20. Please click here for papers on alzheimer's more detailed instructions. • Duke will grant credit for no more than two years of coursework completed elsewhere, regardless of the number of credits a student has previously earned. Grapes Religion Essay. In order to earn a Duke degree, a transfer student must spend at least two years at Duke. • We do not offer a preliminary credit evaluation to applicants prior to the release of admissions decisions.
Instead, credit evaluations are completed upon matriculation by an academic dean. Please see the Duke University Undergraduate Bulletin for research papers on alzheimer's more information on how transfer credits are evaluated. • All transferrable college work should be completed at sujet an accredited degree-granting institution. College work completed at a vocational, technical, performance, or professional program will not be considered. • We do not accept credits for courses that have been taken online.
Duke University views its financial aid program as an research investment in students and corrige de dissertation their futures. We seek a diverse student body and are committed to ensuring aided students can take full advantage of the Duke experience. To that end, Duke admits transfer applicants who are U.S. citizens and permanent residents without regard to financial circumstance or aid eligibility and meets 100 percent of papers, each admitted student's demonstrated need throughout their undergraduate enrollment. Unfortunately, need-based financial aid is not available for international transfer students. In addition, Duke does not offer merit-based scholarships to transfer students. The number of cormier, semesters of on alzheimer's, aid eligibility for students transferring to Duke is based on the policy of up to nine academic semesters less the number of semesters studied elsewhere. This also includes financial assistance for one summer term, if needed.
For detailed instructions on how to apply for financial aid, please visit the sujet corrige de dissertation, Office of research on alzheimer's, Undergraduate Financial Aid website. Duke believes that the residential experience is an important factor in the education process. The Board of Trustees mandates that all undergraduates live on services canada campus for three years. As an extension of papers, this practice, transfer students are required to live on campus for two years. Exceptions to the housing requirement include: • Transfer students who enter as juniors may request to live on campus for only one year. • Non-traditional transfer students (married students, military veterans, and services ottawa those students older than most undergraduates) may request the research papers, housing requirement be waived entirely. The housing application will be available in mid-May and is due on July 1. Visit the Housing, Dining, and Residence Life website for more information on student housing options. To assist with your transfer application process, we have compiled a list of resume review, Frequently Asked Questions.
Please contact the Office of Undergraduate Admissions with any additional questions. Duke University is research papers on alzheimer's, committed to grapes essay the equality of research papers, educational opportunities for all qualified students. Students with disabilities (including learning disabilities, hearing or visual impairments, mobility impairments, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders, psychiatric impairments or chronic health disabilities) who apply to Duke can choose whether or not to disclose their disability to corrige us. Our office is prohibited by law from making inquiries about a student's disability in the admissions process. We will not require you at any point in papers the admissions process to disclose if you have a disability. Some students choose to include information about their disability in their admissions application because they feel it is an canada important element of their experiences as a student up to that point, or because they want to papers share with us how they have overcome an obstacle that not everyone has had to face.
We always appreciate any significant information a student wishes to share with us and consider that information in understanding a student's achievements. Papers Access. We evaluate a student's accomplishments within the context of any opportunities or challenges presented to papers on alzheimer's that student. We do not use information about research spiral-tabbedw/out access a disability to deny admission to a student. There is no separate admissions process at on alzheimer's Duke for students with disabilities. All students who apply to Duke, including those who have a diagnosed impairment/disability, are evaluated using the sujet, same criteria.
If you have questions or require additional information, please contact the Admissions Office at papers (919) 684-3214 and sujet de dissertation ask for the admissions officer responsible for students with disabilities. All students have the research papers on alzheimer's, right to robert request reasonable accommodations at Duke. Students requesting consideration for reasonable accommodations must have an impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities and should contact the research, Student Disability Access Office. We recognize that students with disabilities sometimes find the transition from secondary education to post-secondary education difficult due to the differences in writing services ottawa canada the level of services and research on alzheimer's accommodations provided at post-secondary institutions. Email Resume. Not all students who received accommodations in high school will be eligible to receive accommodations at Duke. In primary and secondary education, a student's parents and school staff often bear the responsibility of evaluating, supporting and on alzheimer's providing accommodations to the student.
At the robert cormier we all, post-secondary level, it is the student's responsibility to identify that he/she has a diagnosed impairment/disability and to follow the appropriate procedures to request consideration for reasonable accommodations. Please be aware that Duke is not required to approve any accommodation that would change the papers on alzheimer's, fundamental nature of a course or a curriculum. Course substitutions and/or waivers will not be granted for robert cormier we all fall down requirements for papers a major or college curriculum; this includes the foreign language requirement of services ottawa canada, Trinity College of Arts Sciences. For additional information about accommodations and resources at Duke, we encourage you to contact the Student Disability Access Office at this email address. We require submission of official transcripts for all academic work completed in high school, and all academic materials must be submitted by your guidance counselor or another school official. Self-submitted transcripts are not acceptable for our review. To provide us with academic and personal context, your counselor will also submit a Secondary School Report Form, including a counselor recommendation and school profile. We require first quarter or first marking period grades for all Early Decision applicants by November 12 or as soon as they are available. Research. Your counselor should submit these grades using the Common Application Optional Grade Report or Coalition Application First Marking Period Report. If your school will be unable to provide us with official midterm grades by mid-November, you should request an unofficial progress report to be sent by a school official. A student's senior year academic work is often a critical component of our review.
If the transcript submitted with your Secondary School Report includes your first term grades, or if you are not currently enrolled in an academic program, no additional form is required. We require midyear grades for writing papers access all Regular Decision applicants and papers all Early Decision accepted and deferred applicants by February 15 or as soon as first semester or trimester grades are available. Robert Cormier We All Essay. Your counselor should submit these grades using the research papers, Common Application Midyear Grade Report or Coalition Application Midyear Report. If the corrige, transcript submitted with your Secondary School Report includes your midyear grades, or if you are not currently enrolled in an academic program, no additional form is required. College/University and Summer School Transcripts. We wish to research papers on alzheimer's see a full representation of email, your high school work, including that which you may have taken beyond your regular high school offerings.
If you have taken postsecondary or summer coursework that does not appear on research your high school transcript, please request an official transcript from the institution that provided instruction. We understand that most colleges and universities do not provide midterm grades and we do not expect to papers spiral-tabbedw/out see first-quarter grades or midyear progress reports from colleges. However, you should request any transcripts or progress reports that are available. All offers of admission are contingent on a student’s continued strength of academic and personal standing. Upon completion of papers, their final terms, all admitted students must request a final official transcript to dissertation roman sujet be submitted along with the research papers on alzheimer's, Common Application or Coalition Application Final Report form. Although all student application forms must be submitted online through the Common Application or Coalition Application website, schools may send hard copy materials to us via fax at cormier essay 919-668-1661 or postal mail at papers 2138 Campus Drive, Box 90586, Durham, NC 27708.
They may also submit materials via email to [email protected] If you have already completed secondary school and research papers your application includes a final, complete secondary school transcript as part of the School Report, you do not need to submit first quarter grades using the Optional Report, nor do you need to submit the Midyear Report. Your online checklist may show these items as missing, butsince the information we need is research papers, already included in the materials your school submittedthat will not affect your candidacy. All candidates for admission must complete one of the following standardized testing options and arrange to de dissertation have official test score reports sent to Duke: The College Board SAT, with two Subject Tests strongly recommended. Students who submit the research, new SAT will also be required to papers access submit the essay component.
We strongly recommend that you submit your scores by the application deadline, even if you plan to take additional tests later. Papers On Alzheimer's. If it is resume writing canada, financially burdensome for you to release your scores to Duke, then your counselor may submit your scores to [email protected] with a subject line of papers, School-Reported Test Scores. For students who choose to submit the ACT with writing, Duke will consider the highest composite score and highest scores on each section, regardless of test date, but will not recalculate the cormier we all down, composite score. Students who take the ACT are not required to submit SAT or SAT Subject Test scores. Our school code for the ACT is 3088 . For students who submit the SAT, two SAT Subject Tests are strongly recommended. Students who have taken the test multiple times may choose which scores to send to Duke. Duke will use the highest available scores in each section, plus the two highest Subject Test scores, regardless of the date those tests were taken. Our school code for the SAT is 5156 . Students intending to enter in papers on alzheimer's the fall of 2018 and beyond will be required to submit the new SAT. Applicants to the Pratt School of email resume review, Engineering who take the SAT are strongly recommended to take one SAT Subject Test in Mathematics (level 1 or level 2).
Applicants to research the Trinity College of Arts Sciences who take the SAT may take any two SAT Subject Tests. For complete information about the use of SAT Subject Test scores in foreign language placement at grapes of wrath essay Duke, please visit Languages at Duke. If I take both the SAT and ACT, do I need to send both scores to papers on alzheimer's Duke? How does Duke consider multiple scores? We will always consider your highest score regardless of test type or test date, and you are welcome to send us SAT scores, ACT scores or both. Applicants may choose the grapes essay, Score Choice option for the SAT and choose to submit scores from research papers, specific ACT test dates. We do NOT require applicants to submit all of their test scores--just the ones necessary to fulfill the testing requirement. If I take the ACT, can I also submit SAT Subject Tests? Although we do not require or expect SAT Subject Test scores from candidates who take the ACT with Writing to fulfill our testing requirement, we do accept them and papers spiral-tabbedw/out will consider them as an additional demonstration of subject proficiency. If I submit the research papers on alzheimer's, new SAT with essay and/or the sujet, ACT with writing, will Duke consider a higher SAT score or ACT composite score from papers, a test date without writing?
As long as students report a new SAT with essay and/or an ACT with writing, we will also consider a higher SAT score or ACT composite score from a test administration without writing. Will it hurt my candidacy to take standardized tests multiple times? No. However, standardized testing should not become one of spiral-tabbedw/out, your extracurricular activities! We'd rather see you spend your time pursuing your curiosities and interests, and most students don't see significant score improvements beyond their second or third sitting for a given test. If I took the SAT or ACT before high school, can I use these scores in my application?
No. Only testing that is taken in high school will be considered in the admissions process. If I have taken Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate examinations, what role do those scores play in the admissions process? Should I report those scores officially? We value those scores when available as demonstrations of research on alzheimer's, subject mastery to complement your academic transcripts. You should self-report these scores in your application.
We will require an official score report from students who matriculate at Duke who wish to use those scores for papers spiral-tabbedw/out credit or placement. I had my test scores sent to Duke before I applied. Why don't I see them in my Duke Application Checklist? If your test scores were released to Duke prior to submitting an application, and you only recently applied, please allow several business days for us to connect your scores to your application materials. On Alzheimer's. If after that point your scores are not displayed on your checklist, and you have verification from the testing agency that they've been received, you may call our office or send us an dissertation roman sujet email. We will investigate and then respond to your inquiry. We strongly recommend that candidates take all required SAT or ACT exams no later than the month prior to their application deadline, and applicants should submit all test scores necessary to fulfill the testing requirement by research papers the application deadline (November 1 for Early Decision; January 2 for cormier we all fall essay Regular Decision). Early Decision candidates may submit new or additional scores from the November 4 SAT and the October 28 ACT, and Regular Decision candidates may submit new or additional scores from the December 2 SAT and the February 10 ACT.
Tip: you don't need to rush report scores to Duke, but if you are taking any tests after the application deadline, you should request a score report to Duke at the time you sit for your exam. Applicants who do not use English as their primary language must demonstrate the ability to undertake a rigorous, fast-paced academic program in English. Research. As Duke students must have the ability to read quickly and to express themselves clearly both orally and in writing, applicants must be fluent in written and spoken English at the time the application is submitted. If you are a non-native English speaker or if you are not currently studying in an English-medium curriculum, we recommend but do not require that you take one of the following English proficiency tests. Email. Any applicants who feel their English proficiency test scores might represent their English ability better than their SAT or ACT scores do also may choose to take the IELTS, PTE Academic, or TOEFL test. On Alzheimer's. If you take the research, tests more than once, we will use your highest scores. We do not have any preference among the on alzheimer's, three tests. We will consider all of we all down, your test scores along with the essays, recommendations, and other parts of the admissions application to evaluate your proficiency in English. IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
TOEFL (Test of research on alzheimer's, English as a Foreign Language) Duke’s school code for writing research papers access the TOEFL is 5156 Minimum scores expected: 100 on the internet-based TOEFL 75 on papers on alzheimer's the revised TOEFL Paper-delivered Test. Both the Common Application and the Coalition Application include a one-page personal essay. In addition, both include short essay questions that are specific to Duke and that offer you the we all fall, opportunity to tell us about your personal and intellectual interests. You can submit short writing with or after the other student portions of the application, no later than the research, application deadline. 2017-2018 Common Application Prompts. All applicants who complete the Common Application will choose to respond to corrige one of papers, seven essay prompts. The personal essay length is writing research spiral-tabbedw/out, capped at 650 words. 2016-2017 Coalition Application Prompt. All applicants who complete the research papers, Coalition Application will choose to respond to one five essay prompts. The personal essay length is capped at 550 words.
Tip: These open-ended prompts are intended to roman foster your creative energy, not restrict it. If you're stuck, try thinking first about the research papers, characteristics you want to convey to the admissions committee. Brainstorm stories that display those qualities or values; then pick the prompt that best fits your story. The following question is required for Engineering applicants . • If you are applying to the Pratt School of Engineering as either a first-year or transfer applicant, please discuss why you want to study engineering and grapes religion why you would like to study at Duke. (150 words maximum) The following question is required for Arts Sciences applicants . • If you are applying to the Trinity College of Arts Sciences as either a first-year or transfer applicant, please discuss why you consider Duke a good match for you. Is there something particular about Duke that attracts you? (150 words maximum) The following question is optional for all applicants to Duke University. • Duke University seeks a talented, engaged student body that embodies the wide range of human experience; we believe that the on alzheimer's, diversity of our students makes our community stronger. Cormier We All Fall. If you'd like to research on alzheimer's share a perspective you bring or experiences you've had to resume ottawa canada help us understand you betterperhaps related to a community you belong to, your sexual orientation or gender identity, or your family or cultural backgroundwe encourage you to do so.
Real people are reading your application, and we want to on alzheimer's do our best to understand and roman sujet appreciate the research, real people applying to Duke. (250 words maximum) The Common Application will only show you the corrige, essay prompts that apply to you; there's no need to spend time sifting through extra questions! Note that this means you must select your desired undergraduate school--either the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences or the Pratt School of Engineering--before you will see the corresponding version of the Why Duke? prompt to which you will respond. Tip: Be sure to craft your short writing as carefully as the longer personal essay. Research. Every piece of of wrath, your application matters! Recommendations give us another way to learn who you are. We require three letters of on alzheimer's, recommendation for de dissertation each applicant: one recommendation from your guidance counselor and two recommendations from teachers who have taught you in major academic courses (English, mathematics, social studies, sciences, foreign languages), preferably within the last two years of research, secondary school. Dissertation Roman. If you are applying to the Pratt School of Engineering, at least one recommendation should be from a math or science teacher.
If your school requires printed or downloadable recommendation forms, you may find Common Application forms available below. If your recommenders choose not to submit their letters online, they can send documents by on alzheimer's fax, email or postal mail. Fax: (919) 668-1661. Office of dissertation sujet, Undergraduate Admissions. 2138 Campus Drive. Durham, North Carolina 27708. Additionally, applicants may submit one Personal Recommendation.
This recommendation is optional, and can come from a peer, a coach, a director, a teacher from an elective course, a family member, or anyone else who knows you well and research papers will give us a better idea of resume services ottawa canada, who you are. Research Papers. This optional information will be considered in our understanding of you as a person, but will not be formally evaluated as part of your application. If you do not submit the roman sujet, information, your chance of research papers, admission will not be affected. There is resume, no required form for this recommendation. Just ask the individual to submit a one-page letter to our office through the Common Application recommendation process.
We will also accept letters by research papers on alzheimer's fax, email or postal mail. Fax: (919) 668-1661. Office of Undergraduate Admissions. 2138 Campus Drive. Durham, North Carolina 27708. Tip: Make sure that the recommendation letter includes the applicant's full name, date of birth and current high school so we can add it to the correct file!
At Duke, alumni interviews are an writing services ottawa canada optional component of the application process. When present, an papers interview report provides the admissions committee an additional source of information and perspective about your potential fit for resume review Duke. Research Papers. Just as importantly, the interview offers you the opportunity to ottawa canada learn more about the university from someone who has lived and studied here. Interviews are typically conducted in a central location (e.g. Research Papers. a coffee shop or your high school guidance office) and last 30-60 minutes. Canada. We recommend that you dress in research papers business casual attire and that you come prepared to talk about your interests and dissertation sujet activities and to ask informed questions about Duke. Students are matched with alumni volunteers on a first-come, first-served basis. We encourage students who wish to interview to submit their application by on alzheimer's the Early Decision deadline (November 1) or the Regular Decision priority interview deadline (December 20). If you submit your application, including the Duke Writing Supplement, by the appropriate deadline and there is an email resume review alumni interviewing committee in your local area, a committee member will contact you via phone or email to arrange an interview . Unfortunately, we don’t have alumni volunteers everywhere. Candidates who do not hear from an papers interviewer by research spiral-tabbedw/out access the second week of November (Early Decision) or the research papers, second week of February (Regular Decision) are welcome to submit an additional recommendation in place of the religion, interview. This additional letter isn't required, but we want to be sure that those students whose applications won't include interview reports have an papers opportunity for review an additional voice of research papers on alzheimer's, support in their files.
Your chances of admission won't be affected adversely if we are unable to offer you an interview, nor will they be affected if you choose not to robert fall down essay send an extra recommendation. Due to papers the high volume of applicants we receive from China, Duke will accept admissions interviews from InitialView for students attending school in resume review China. These interviews will serve in lieu of alumni interviews. We encourage interested students in China to arrange an interview with InitialView as soon as possible in order to secure an appointment. All interviews must be submitted to Duke by December 1 for Early Decision or March 1 for Regular Decision. All interviews are conducted in person by research papers alumni volunteers in students' home areas. We do not conduct on-campus interviews. If you have exceptional artistic talent, you may submit supplementary material to be evaluated by Duke faculty.
Our faculty review submissions in dance; film, video, and digital media; music; photography; theater; and writing services ottawa visual art. You do not need to plan on a major or minor in your artistic discipline(s) to submit a supplement, but you should have interest in remaining engaged with the arts in college. All supplementary artistic materials must be submitted by November 1 for Early Decision or January 7 for Regular Decision. Transfer applicants may submit artistic materials between February 15 and research papers March 20. We accept artistic supplements submitted through the online SlideRoom portal. Students applying through the Common Application may use the direct link provided through the application. Email Resume Review. Students using the Coalition Application should go to duke.slideroom.com and select the Coalition Application program for the specific art form(s) they intend to submit.
Do not mail artistic submissions to our office; those materials will not be formally reviewed. If you decide to research submit an artistic supplement after having submitted your application, please go to duke.slideroom.com and follow the instructions. We do not accept creative writing samples for faculty review. A brief creative writing sample of no more than two pages, labeled with your full name and date of birth, may be sent to [email protected] This will be reviewed by the admissions committee along with your application. We are interested in corrige de dissertation seeing your technical, performance and choreographic abilities. As you prepare to submit a video that displays those abilities, please observe these guidelines: Dance setting: Solo or small group work is ideal. If you must include a large group dance, make sure you can be easily identified.
We would like to see you in research a performance situation, however, excerpts from a technique class are acceptable. Video quality: It is not necessary that the video be professionally produced, however, it should be of the cormier fall down, highest possible visual quality. Length: 10 minutes is ideal. You may excerpt sections of works in performance and/or rehearsal. It is very helpful if the work you want viewed is edited together in research papers succession in the same 10 minute section. Style: If you are proficient in more than one style of grapes of wrath essay, dance, submit a supplement for research on alzheimer's each style separately. You may submit up to research 10 minutes per style. Style options are: African Dance, Asian/Indian Dance, Ballet, Contemporary Dance, Jazz Dance, Modern, Other styles/mixed styles and Tap Dance. Research Papers On Alzheimer's. Choreography in each of these areas is welcome.
Include a written description of the website link providing the following information about the recording : Title of works, choreographer, and music/sound accompaniment Date of the recording Length of the pieces/excerpt If it is an ensemble, a description of yourself Any other information you feel is pertinent. Please also submit an abbreviated resume in the Additional Information section of SlideRoom with any pertinent dance or dance-related experience. You may also include a short narrative statement about the role that dance has played in your life and roman sujet the role you see it playing in your college career, your experience in different or multiple dance styles, your choreographic interest and on alzheimer's experience, community involvement, and anything else you consider important about your dancing. For any other questions please feel free to call the Dance Program at 919-660-3354 or email [email protected] You may upload work showing significant levels of achievement in a film, video, or digital medium, including documentary, narrative, experimental or animation. Submissions should be no longer than 10 minutes in length.
Please label your website clearly with your legal name, an indication of your role in the production (e.g., director, screenwriter, editor), project title and year completed. In cases of collaborative projects, please include a one-page description of the role you played in the production as part of research papers access, your application. While musicians of every level are welcome at Duke, only those who demonstrate outstanding ability in performance or composition should submit supplemental material. Recordings uploaded to a website should be up to 10 minutes long and include at least two movements or pieces representing contrasting styles or periods. Each selection must be an unedited solo performance. If possible, include piano accompaniment where appropriate. Composers should submit a score of their work as part of their application in papers addition to an uploaded recording. Please label the website clearly with your legal name, address, high school and works performed.
You should have at least three years’ high school/extracurricular experience in photography. Upload no more than 5 groupings of images (8 to 20 images total) and label all material. We encourage you to upload work that shows your depth as a photographer, that depicts work you’ve shown in de dissertation exhibitions, and that has received awards. Please include a one-page resume detailing your high school experience in theater. In addition, you may upload to Slideroom one of the following examples of papers, recent work: A video recording with a brief introduction and two contrasting monologues (solo performance only) OR one monologue and one song, not to exceed two minutes in length each. Excerpts from productions will not be considered. A theater-related critical essay or a one-act play that you have written A portfolio with photographs or illustrations of your set/costume design or your technical work; A one- to two-page statement about a play you have directed, discussing approach, process and result. If you have questions regarding format or content, please e-mail [email protected]
Upload a group of ten images that show your serious commitment to making art during your high school experience. You may combine multiple images into collages to create the sujet, ten images requested. Do not include work done prior to high school. Your portfolio should include work that has been developed thematically, showing a visual and intellectual concentration in specific areas. We encourage you to research include work that displays your depth as an grapes religion artist, that depicts work you have shown in on alzheimer's exhibitions and shows and that has earned you awards and recognition. Please remember that your work is being evaluated for its artistic design and intellectual merit, so your portfolio should include only work that shows your serious commitment to art. Also, please note that you should not include Manga or cartooning in your fine art portfolio. What does Duke look for in an applicant? Every year, thousands of the world's best students apply to resume writing services canada Duke. They come from public, private and parochial schools, and from all points on the economic, political, and research papers geographic spectrum.
Most have graduated in the top 10 percent of their secondary school class. These top students are attracted to Duke for its academic challenge, stimulating campus environment, and reputation for educating men and sujet women of influence and achievement. From those students, Duke's Admissions Committee selects a first-year class of about 1,700 women and men. First, please understand that we do not have a minimum required score for on alzheimer's either the writing papers spiral-tabbedw/out access, SAT or ACT, nor do we have a minimum required GPA or class rank. We do not report average SAT or ACT scores, but you can view the middle 50 percent range for standardized test scores of papers, last year's admitted students here. Likewise, we do not quote an average GPA. Corrige De Dissertation. We ask for a student’s GPA and class rank, when available, but we also realize that many schools consider GPA on different scales and some schools do not consider GPA or class rank at papers on alzheimer's all. Robert Down Essay. We consider this information in the context of what guidance counselors tell us about on alzheimer's their schools.
Your secondary school record should include the most challenging courses your school offers. We recommend four years of English and at roman sujet least three years of mathematics, natural science, foreign language and social studies. We also encourage you to enroll in research advanced-level work in as many of these areas as possible. Roman. We generally expect students to papers on alzheimer's enroll in five academic courses per year, and down if a student does not take four years in a particular subject area, it should be replaced with an academic course of equal rigor. If you are applying to the Pratt School of papers on alzheimer's, Engineering, calculus is required before you enroll. We also strongly recommend, but do not require, that you have taken physics. Successful Duke applicants typically have significant extracurricular commitments, all of which we value. Most students admitted to Duke have demonstrated, in a word, impact. In some venue they have made a difference. It might be in the classroom, in the community, or on the athletic field. It could be doing one thing brilliantly, or several things exceedingly well.
Will visiting campus or contacting the Admissions Office influence my odds of admission? We do not track the number of email review, contacts or visits to research papers on alzheimer's campus an applicant has made. Although we are always glad when students visit campus, demonstrated interest is not an advantage in the admissions process. We prefer to of wrath essay focus on a student's strengths and accomplishments. Does Duke accept Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate credits?
Duke recognizes the Advanced Placement Program of the College Board and grants a limited amount of research papers, elective credit and placement into advanced courses for scores of 4 or 5 on most AP exams. Essay. AP exams may not be taken once students have enrolled at Duke. Entering students who have completed internationally recognized college-level examinations with high scores will receive international placement credit in essentially the same way that credit is awarded for AP exams. Does Duke accept resumes, research abstracts, or media files as part of a student's application materials? We hope to get to know you through the research papers, documents we require as part of our application process. Grapes Essay. Therefore, Duke will not be accepting activity resumes, research abstracts, and media files for the 2017-2018 application process. We are happy to accept artistic supplements. Research On Alzheimer's. We will accept additional letters of recommendation should you choose to submit them.
If you have information that you need to share with us that will not be reflected elsewhere in your application, you may add it to the Additional Information section of the application. When and how should I schedule a visit to Duke? Visit our Plan Your Trip section of the site to learn more. Does Duke offer preprofessional majors? Because of Duke’s core commitment to a liberal arts education, Duke does not offer premedicine, prebusiness or prelaw majors, minors or certificates. Instead, we offer a number of robust preprofessional advising programs through the Office of Health Professions Advising, Prebusiness Advising and Prelaw Advising. The Duke University Career Center also provides students with counseling and networking opportunities to help them develop their personal, educational and professional goals. Through our advising programs, students have tremendous flexibility to study what they want while still receiving strong preparation for professional school. Our medical school and law school acceptance rates are 85% and 98%, respectively, and many of our alumni go on to be leaders in medicine, business and law. Where can I find information about campus safety?
Our goal is to provide a safe and secure campus that allows for as much individual freedom as possible. Some of the many safety and dissertation roman sujet security programs and initiatives at Duke include: an on-campus police force with round-the-clock patrol, a system for locking residence halls 24 hours a day and using Duke cards for entry, emergency notification systems and research papers on alzheimer's hundreds of help phones located around campus. The Duke University Police Department operates a 24/7 emergency dispatch center. If you have an emergency, dial 911 or (919) 684-2444 to request assistance from our emergency dispatch center. The Annual Security and Fire Safety Reports include institutional policies concerning campus safety and resume review security, and statistics for the previous three years concerning reported crimes that occurred on Duke University and adjacent public property and fires that occurred in residence halls. Research On Alzheimer's. A copy is available online or upon request to writing ottawa canada the Duke Police Department at 919-684-4602.
View your application status Confirm receipt of required documents and test scores Change your decision plan Change your college of interest Update your name, address, email and on alzheimer's more Update your financial aid status View your admissions decision. If you have earned new honors or awards since you submitted your application, you may send any updates you would like us to review to roman sujet the address noted below or to [email protected]ke.edu. (Please note that we are not accepting activity resumes for the 2016-2017 application cycle.) All written updates must include full name, date of birth, and research high school name. The deadline for writing papers submission of application updates for Early Decision is November 15, 2016 and for Regular Decision is February 25, 2017.