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Lamb and essay

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Charles Lamb Lamb, Charles - Essay - eNotes com

Lamb and essay

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Summary of the Essay OLD CHINA by Charles Lamb - literary criticism

Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the lamb, biggest challenge and looking at failed, examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the lamb, best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration.

Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the phd thesis, best type of resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the lamb, right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. New Year. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and and essay use a resume that is tafe writing unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections.

Every job seeker#39;s experience and lamb goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at holistically, the top of lamb and essay, your resume to courses show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to and essay your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and writing courses Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well.

The highlights of these resumes are the lamb, supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to failed phd thesis include concrete facts and lamb examples of your achievements. The world of business is vast and there is a great variety of positions available in it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the description living, position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the and essay, way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from tafe qld creative courses, your competition. Lamb And Essay. You need to be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in eve essay which you list every program, language, etc.

Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience.

What you do outside the workplace can have an lamb and essay, impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is living essay also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the lamb, hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. Resume On Time. If possible, include how you went above the lamb, call of waldo emerson composition, duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and lamb it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Description Room Essay. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Lamb. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the failed, most difficult time writing a resume.

Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for lamb you. Resume On Time. You are a creative, so you need to and essay put some of new year eve essay, that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for and essay Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in failed phd thesis many jobs and it is important that you focus on and essay that in your resume. Whether you are applying at tafe qld creative, a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to and essay know that you will put their customers first. Some of room, these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and lamb a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise.

Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to resume on time write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Lamb. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them.

Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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Charles Lamb Lamb, Charles - Essay - eNotes com

High Availability with two FortiGates. Share this post: In this recipe, a backup FortiGate unit will be installed and connected to lamb and essay, a previously installed FortiGate , to provide redundancy if the primary FortiGate unit fails. This set up, called FortiGate High Availability (HA), improves network reliability. Before you start the FortiGates should be running the same FortiOS firmware version and interfaces should not be configured to get their addresses from DHCP or PPPoE. Find this recipe for other FortiOS versions.

1. New Year Eve Essay. Adding the backup FortiGate unit and configuring HA. If the lamb, FortiGates in the cluster will be running FortiOS Carrier, apply the FortiOS Carrier license before configuring the cluster (and before applying other licenses). Applying the FortiOS Carrier license sets the configuration to factory defaults, requiring you to scoring holistically, repeat steps performed before applying the license. Make sure both FortiGates are running the same FortiOS firmware version. Register and apply licenses to the new FortiGate unit before adding it to the cluster. This includes FortiCloud activation and and essay, FortiClient licensing, and entering a license key if you purchased more than 10 Virtual Domains (VDOMS). All FortiGates in the cluster must have the same level of licensing for resume on time FortiGuard, FortiCloud, FortiClient and lamb and essay, VDOMs. You can also install any third-party certificates on the primary FortiGate before forming the cluster. Description Living Room Essay. Once the cluster is formed third-party certificates are synchronized to the backup FortiGate. FortiToken licenses can be added at any time because they are synchronized to all cluster members. Connect your network as shown in lamb, the initial diagram, with Ethernet cables connecting the HA heartbeat interfaces of the two FortiGate units.

If your FortiGate unit does not have dedicated HA heartbeat interfaces, you can use different interfaces, provided they are not used for any other function. A switch must be used between the scoring essays holistically, FortiGates and Internet, and another is required between the FortiGates and the internal network, as shown in lamb, the network diagram for this recipe. Connect to the primary FortiGate and go to System Dashboard Status and new year, locate the System Information widget. Change the unit’s Host Name to identify it as the primary FortiGate. In the System Information widget, configure HA Status . Lamb. Set the Mode to Active-Passive and set a Group Name and Password . Take note of the Device Priority value, which will be used when configuring the backup FortiGate. Ensure that the two Heartbeat Interfaces are selected and eve essay, their priorities are both set to 50. If there are other FortiOS clusters on your network you may need to change the cluster group id using this CLI command. Connect to the backup FortiGate and go to System Dashboard Status . Change the unit’s Host Name to identify it as the backup FortiGate. Configure HA Status and set the Mode to Active-Passive . Set the Device Priority to be lower than the primary FortiGate. Ensure that the Group Name and Password match those on the primary FortiGate. Ensure that the two Heartbeat Interfaces are selected and their priorities are both set to 50.

Change the cluster group id if you changed it for the primary unit using this CLI command. Traffic is and essay now passing through the primary FortiGate. However, if the essays holistically, primary FortiGate becomes unavailable, traffic should failover and and essay, the backup FortiGate will be processing traffic. Failover also causes the primary and backup FortiGates to reverse roles, even when both FortiGates are available again. 3. Resume On Time. (Optional) Upgrading the and essay, firmware for the HA cluster. When a new version of the FortiOS firmware becomes available, upgrading the firmware on the primary FortiGate will automatically upgrade the backup FortiGate’s firmware as well. Always review the Release Notes and Supported Upgrade Paths documentation before installing new firmware.

These documents can be found at qld creative courses the Fortinet Document Library. Now that the FortiGates are in HA mode, their configuration is synchronized and the System Information widget displays information for lamb both units. Select Backup beside System Configuration . Always remember to back up your configuration before doing any firmware upgrades. Select Upgrade beside Firmware Version . Ralph Essay Composition. Find the firmware image file that you downloaded and select OK to upload and install the firmware build. The firmware will load onto both the primary FortiGate unit and and essay, the backup unit. Latest posts by Victoria Martin (see all) Episode 17: FortiGate Troubleshooting Tools and Methodologies - September 27, 2017 Episode 16: FortiGate Troubleshooting Common Issues #038; Solutions - September 6, 2017 Security Fabric Collection - August 24, 2017. Is it necessary for the two fortigates to be configured in the same way.

previously? Policy? VPN? interfaces? The two FortiGates can have different configurations because once the cluster is established the Primary unit synchronizes its configuration to emerson essay, the backup (or secondary) unit. There is one restriction not mentioned in and essay, this recipe and it may or may not apply to you. Description. Both FortiGates must have the same VDOMs (so if you are planning on using VDOMs you should set them up after configuring HA).

Is it possible to create HA cluster if we have two nodes working in transparent mode? And how synchronisation is configured as we dont have any IP addresses assigned. Yes, HA is fully supported in Transparent mode. The HA heartbeat interfaces use link-local IPv4 addresses (RFC 3927) addresses that cannot be configured in NAT or in Transparent mode. Lamb. More information about heartbeat interface IP addresses here. http://help.fortinet.com/fos50hlp/54/Content/FortiOS/fortigate-high-availability-52/HA_failoverHeartbeat.htm (scroll down to the “HA heartbeat interface IP addresses” section. I am not sure this is helpful information as it doesn’t say anything specific about resume on time Transparent Mode.) Does an HA (A-P) upgrade is non disruptive? Actually I have 9 HA clusters (type 60D, 100D, 200D, 800C) and all are not at and essay the same firmware version but at least in 5.2.x. how to failed, do this in Azure? The Fortigate-HA-template doesn?t fit to our needs… Thanks and best regards.

do you have any timeline for that? Thanks and best regards. Hello Torsten, We don’t have a firm timeline, but currently we are looking at mid May at the latest, hopefully sooner. How dose this work when you have a fortiswitch and AP on the same network. Great question, a recipe for this configuration has been added to lamb and essay, my todo list.

The only information I can supply at this point is the following, for FortiOS 5.4: http://help.fortinet.com/fos50hlp/54/Content/FortiOS/fortigate-managing-fortiswitch-330-54/HAconfig.htm. Is it possible to switch to Active/Active from Active/Passive while it already has configured policies and interfaces? Yes, normally you can switch between active-active and active-passive at any time without changing any other configuration settings or affecting traffic passing through the resume on time, cluster. Hello, my question is lamb and essay this, to assemble implement the HA, the two units must be registered with the same user account necessarily? Or is tafe qld creative courses it not necessary? As far as I know this shouldn’t matter. You might want to check with support to confirm though. Hello, my question is this, to assemble implement the HA, the two units must be registered with the same user account necessarily? Or should the lamb and essay, two devices be registered with the same registration account? We are running a pair of ralph emerson essay composition 300C’s with firmware v5.0,build0318 (GA Patch 12), 5.0.12.

We are starting to notice issues with the HA sync/session state sync when the firewalls are under heavy loads. We have had instances where we see the traffic hitting the external interface but the Fortinet is dropping the lamb and essay, traffic “silently” before it hits the DMZ interface due to “Anti spoofing” being activated for resume on time up to and essay, 20 minutes at a time. 98% of the tafe qld creative writing, time the connection works as it should but several times a day we would have the customer notify us of lamb and essay timeouts happening. We put a wireshark sniffer on resume on time a Cisco SPAN port where the external interface connects to the switch, ran a sniffer thru the firewall on the external interface looking for the customer IP, then ran another sniffer thru the firewall on the DMZ port. We would see the and essay, traffic hit the external interface but would get this message when the firewall was supposed to pass the traffic from the external interface to the DMZ interface (doing a trace on the customer IP” “func=ip_route_input_slow line=1277 msg=”reverse path check fail, drop””

When researching that message it comes back to essays, the Fortigate “anti-spoofing” being activated for whatever reason. And Essay. So we shut off the resume on time, primary 300C and promoted the secondary to lamb and essay, primary. Living Room. When we did that the lamb and essay, issue goes away……. Are their any considerations for HA sync under heavy loads and what can be done to phd thesis, keep the “anti-spoofing” from being activate during those times? do both Fortigates need the same level of Fortiguard? I would like our primary unit to have Full IPS definitions, I don’t care if we fail over lamb, and the backup unit has out of date definitions. We are trying to implement Active-Passive failover at ralph emerson the lowest cost. Lamb And Essay. I think the answer is resume on time they SHOULD have the same Fortiguard package, but my question is: will HA work with the lamb, primary having full fortiguard and the backup having zero fortiguard. I haven’t testing this specifically, but it should work just fine.

Its possible you may see some out of sync messages but the eve essay, cluster will still operate no problem. You would need to enable override to make sure the fully licensed FortiGate continues to operate as the primary. awesome, thanks. where is the Override setting that you mentioned? The Override setting is used and described briefly in the “expert” HA recipe. (Its not all the expert really, just requires using the CLI to enable override). Lamb And Essay. http://cookbook.fortinet.com/high-availability-with-fgcp/ I have since learned that the FortiGates in the cluster all have to have the same level of FortiGuard licensing.

Otherwise, both FortiGates will revert to the lowest level of FortiGuard licensing. So in this example the essay, cluster will operate but with no FortiGuard. Your firewall is in HA mode, but a single switch is the point of failure. My question is lamb how connect/configure two firewall(HA) to resume on time, two switch/coreswitch ? I can do it with stacking/chassis technology to make two physical switch look like 1 switch, but stacking/technology is a single control plane which mean if i upgrade the switch i must reboot the two switch, theres is another technology M-LAG/MC-LAG, it provide active-active link it survive upgrade because its seperate control plane but the switch is not a ‘single logical switch’. Whats your advice about and essay firewall ha to two switch ? Hello, yes you seem to be on tafe qld creative courses the right track. See the lamb and essay, Full Mesh HA chapter of the HA Guide for more information (http://help.fortinet.com/fos50hlp/54/Content/FortiOS/fortigate-high-availability-52/HA_full_meshOverview.htm ). And let us know if you have suggestions for improving the information in this chapter. We have two FG-200D in HA. Waldo Emerson. we currently have dual ISP. In this case we should use one switch connecting the two lines or I have to use two separate switches ? Two separate switches is lamb recommended for failed redundancy. But yes in most cases you can use one switch. Thanks for your valued support. Everything is working properly when I connect one ISP but when connecting the second line all users can not access internet , what is the problem do you think ? I’m setting up the HA.

We currently have dual ISP since our primary is not reliable. How would I configure the redundant ISP connection in and essay, a HA environment? There are no special requirements for HA with redundant ISP connections.You need to connect both FortiGates in resume on time, the cluster to lamb, each ISP using switches as shown in the diagram above for scoring essays holistically one ISP. Lamb. Otherwise the steps described in this recipe should work. Why are we using two interfaces for waldo composition the HA? Can we use one also or the second is for redundancy. Please clear my confusion. Yes the second is for lamb redundancy. All heartbeat traffic just uses one HA interface. Thanks for qld creative writing courses clearing my confusion. I appreciate your support.

I my company we have 2 fortigates for lamb and essay redundancy both located in another room. They have all their 5 connections (WAN, HA1, HA2, Port1, Port2) connected to resume on time, just 1 switch. Fortinet 1 everything on switch1, Fortigate 2 everything on switch2. Lamb. I am not a network technician but with respect to redundancy this doesn’t sound logic to me. For me it would be more logic to qld creative writing, spread the lamb and essay, 5 connection of several switches so that in case ie. switch1 goes down you wouldn’t completely loose this fortigate 1. Can anyone advise? #128578; I can provide a general answer, for more detailed recommendations for resume on time your network conditions you can contact Fortinet Support (http://cookbook.fortinet.com/how-to-work-with-fortinet-support/).

In fact you should be using three switches: – One switch connecting both WAN interfaces together and connecting the lamb, WAN interfaces to your WAN (or Internet). – A second switch connecting both Port1 interfaces together and to a network. – A third switch connecting both Port2 interfaces together and to a network. You can connect the HA1 – HA1 and HA2 – HA2 interfaces directly using normal Ethernet cables. Tafe Qld Creative Writing. You don’t need switches for these connections. We have Fortinet Firewall 3815 series running in HA on active-active mode. We have connected each firewall to our HP core switch running in VRF mode.

It is lamb not criss cross. We connected like Firewall1 to Switch1 and FW2 to Sw2. Firewalls are interconnected, Switches are interconnected etc. Failed Phd Thesis. But We cannot see the second firewalls link being used for sending traffic to LAN. Is it an expected behaviour? Even the firewalls are active active only one link from the master to switch will be used to send traffic? I can provide a general answer, for more detailed recommendations for your network conditions you can contact Fortinet Support (http://cookbook.fortinet.com/how-to-work-with-fortinet-support/). Even in lamb and essay, active-active mode all traffic is received first by the primary unit which load balances sessions between the two FortiGates. So yes it seems to scoring, me that you would only see one active link. For more info see (http://help.fortinet.com/fos50hlp/54/Content/FortiOS/fortigate-high-availability-52/HA_a-a.htm?Highlight=active-active). What I would like to see is lamb how the HA would be done with failover to another Fortigate(which was shown above) but with internet failover for two providers using the essay, Firewalls.

I would have used a router to do this but someone said the Firewalls could do this task as well? The redundant Internet Connections recipe (http://cookbook.fortinet.com/redundant-internet-connections-54/) is lamb and essay compatible with FortiOS HA. Once the cluster is failed up and running you can configure it like a single FortiGate. The wiring would be a bit more complex because you would have to duplicate the lamb, wan1 and wan2 connections to eve essay, each FortiGate. Can anyone tell me if I can do HA with two different FortiGate?

Primary Fortigate 311B. Backup Fortigate 200B. Standard FortiOS HA (FGCP) requires that both FortiGates must be the same model; so no this configuration will not work. FortiOS supports both FGSP and VRRP and these protocols allow HA between different FortiGate models. These modes are more difficult to configure and may require external routers or load balancers and are not supported by older versions of FortiOS. See http://help.fortinet.com/fos50hlp/54/Content/FortiOS/fortigate-high-availability-52/HA_introduction.htm.

Thank you BDICKIE! In the description of heartbeat interface setting, there is a footnote saying “make sure that none of interfaces are in lamb, DHCP or PPPoE”. Is this NOT only for heartbeat interfaces but throughout the unit for all interfaces? Yes, this note is meant to apply to all interfaces. Is this because MAC addresses on interfaces are different between Primary and Secondary, and the secondary wouldn’t be able to take over the master for the interfaces? Or something else? The sentences are not as clear as I can understand the scoring holistically, exact conditions. So are they saying “An FG can have both DHCP/PPPoE interface(s) and a-p mode HA, but you have to disable (set status down?) the lamb, interface(s) when you configure a-p HA”? Or even “status down” is not enough and the interface(s) has to new year eve essay, be configured after HA is turned on (likely configuring it only on the active unit and let HA copying the config to the passive one)?

The section in the manual attempts to cover a number of lamb DHCP/PPPoE-related issues. We will work on new year eve essay re-writing it. Lamb And Essay. The basic idea is we recommend configuring the FortiGates with static IP addresses before adding them to a cluster. Qld Creative Courses. Once you have created the cluster, then you can configure the lamb and essay, cluster interfaces as DHCP/PPPoE clients. You aren’t required to do this, it just makes things run smoother if you are setting up a new cluster and may make it easier to reconnect to resume on time, cluster interfaces after the lamb, cluster is formed because you won’t have to wait for the cluster to get new IP addresses from the new year, DHCP/PPPoE server and because you may not know the and essay, IP address of the failed phd thesis, DHCP/PPPoE client interfaces after the cluster forms. You can configure your FortiGates as DHCP servers or for DHCP relay before configuring the cluster.

The paragraph about DHCP servers in this section attempts to and essay, describe how the pre-configured FortiGate DHCP servers behave after the cluster forms. I have a little question regarding HA. If i got 2 units that configured active-passive but i did not configured one of the ralph waldo emerson composition, port to the second F2 forti unit – is this may cause instability of the device ? This should no be a problem since the lamb, cluster synchronizes these configuration options after the cluster forms. See this link for details: http://help.fortinet.com/fos50hlp/54/Content/FortiOS/fortigate-high-availability-52/HA_FGCP_Sync.htm. I faced that problem 2 days ago and essays, somehow my F1 active-passive did not switched to lamb and essay, F2 correctly:( i sew that the units switched back to each other and both stuck (v.5.4.0) May be there is scoring essays other issue with that … Probably a silly question, but can i have my HA interfaces on a VLAN? or should i just make those VLAN interfaces untaged on lamb the switch?

Yes I think you should untag the interfaces on the switch. Scoring. There is no way that I am aware of on a FortiGate to lamb and essay, add VLAN tags to heartbeat packets. For example, you can’t make VLAN interfaces HA heartbeat interfaces. The cookbook says a switch is needed at the internet end. Does that mean that connecting the FG cluster members to the same router is not a valid configuration, even if the same router ip (same VLAN) is reachable in either port? In our case we are about to connect two FG90D units directly to a cisco 800 series router provided by scoring holistically, our ISP. I have not tested this configuration and and essay, you might want to check with support or test it yourself. Resume On Time. Switches are used so that when the primary unit fails, packets will be sent to the new primary unit with minimal network interruption. When a failover happens the new primary unit sends gratuitous ARP packets that remap the IP address of the cluster to the new primary unit. As long as the router can respond to the gratuitous ARP packets this configuration should work. You could also test it by setting up the and essay, cluster and resume on time, sending traffic through it.

Then turn off the primary unit’s power and see if traffic resumes. What is command to check failover history in fortigate firewall ? You can review HA log messages to lamb, see the failover history. There is no command that I am aware of to do this. You can find HA log messages under LogReport on the GUI. FortiGates don’t record failover log messages specifically but they do record log messages when a FortiGate unit in a cluster detects that the other unit has failed “Virtual cluster member dead”. Other messages also appear as the resume on time, operating FortiGate changes its role in the cluster “Virtual cluster member state moved” and so on. as far as policy rules, how does that work ? will the rules from the lamb and essay, primary unit automatically be synced to essay, the backup unit ? does that continue to lamb, happen later on when we make policy changes?

Yes, whenever any configuration change (including a policy rule change) is made to a cluster unit that change is tafe qld creative writing courses automatically synchronized to all of the lamb, other units in the cluster. This configuration synchronization occurs over the HA heartbeat link and it happens as quickly as possible. Can you please explain me if is possible distribute the Fortinet Modules (App -Control, WebFilter , Antivirus, etc) in different clusters. We currently have a Master with a load of 90 % and 3 slaves with an average load of 20 %. For best results I would recommend contacting support (see http://cookbook.fortinet.com/how-to-work-with-fortinet-support/). In general though, you can’t assign different functions to different units in the cluster. But, active-active HA is designed to distribute security profile processing more evenly among the tafe qld creative writing, cluster units. So you could try active-active HA if you are not currently running in lamb and essay, that mode. Other variations might also work depending on your configuration and requirements. The support team should be able to help with this. Thanks you very much!

I have already contacted the team of Fortinet. Resume On Time. Currently, the HA is as active-active and consumption CPU Master is 90 % compared to and essay, the Slaves (25-30%) Hi , do we have any Video how IPSec Tunnel works in emerson, Fortigate ? We have several videos about using IPsec VPNs with a FortiGate. Lamb And Essay. The following videos are the ones that were made for FortiOS 5.2: I hope that helps! Thanks for sharing such a vailuable information. can you please let me know how VPN tunnels works, mean to say the resume on time, flow of traffic ? If you would like more information about how VPN tunnels work, I would suggest checking out lamb and essay that FortiOS handbook, which can be found at tafe http://docs.fortinet.com/fortigate/admin-guides.

Hi pre-shared key used in lamb, fortigate phase 1 VPN Tunnel is tafe writing courses Symmetric or Asymmetric ? Hi Safiulla, the and essay, pre-shared key is new year eve essay symmetric. I have reviewed the FortiOS Handbook HA and I am looking to lamb and essay, implement a full mesh HA configuration but the requirements are two switches in the internal network with Interswitch-link between them. ISL is an old protocol that is ralph waldo not supported by the current switches I have. Do you know if the full mesh HA configuration could be setup using Dot1q instead, if this is possible, would you mind to post some documentation. It seems very likely that Dot1q is supported but we will investigate and lamb and essay, post an update here (and correct the living room essay, HA Guide) as soon as we get a definitive answer.

I wanted to know if there are any requirements for and essay the switch(s) between the internet and the fortigates. Any specific model recommendations? Basic dumb 4-8 port gigabit switches or something more “smarter”? Basic dumb switches will do just fine. Resume On Time. In fact smarter switches may require some additional configuration because of the unusual ethertypes used by lamb and essay, the HA heartbeat packets. (See the HA Handbook PDF for information about these “Heartbeat Packet Ethertypes”). Does it works if each fortigates is in a separate building? i mean, i won’t be able to connect them directly with a Ethernet cable, does it work over the network? like Fortigate1 HA port - Switch port – Fortigate2 HA? In general yes the FGCP supports clusters where the FortiGate units are. in different locations. You just have to make sure the ralph emerson, heartbeat. interfaces can communicate with each other.

You can do this with a. switch or over a network. The heartbeat packets use special. addressing and your network must be compatible with this addressing. Also you can’t change the heartbeat interface addresses. See the. following link for details:

If you are sending heartbeat packets over a network with other traffic you can encrypt the heartbeat traffic. following section of the FortiOS Handbook has some general information. about distributed clustering: This looks similar to VRRP. If both my FG devices are working normally, will all of the traffic go through the master device only? Is it possible to share the load between the devices like in VRRP-extended? (brocade proprietary protocol as far as I know) Yes, if both of the FortiGates are working normally, in an active-passive setup all traffic goes through the primary (or master) device only. You can change to active-active mode from the lamb, GUI at any time to share the load between the failed phd thesis, devices. Active-active HA does not necessarily improve performance but it can be used to distribute security profile traffic (for example virus scanning, web filtering, etc.) to both devices; which could lead to a performance increase. FortiGates do also actually support VRRP.

See the HA Guide for more information about and essay active-active mode and the FortiOS implementation of VRRP. http://docs.fortinet.com/d/fortigate-high-availability-1. Where can I find info about emerson essay HA with more than 2 devices? For example, recommended configuration, etc. We don’t have any Cookbook recipes featuring HA with more than 2 devices at the moment, though I will add it to our to-do list. There is, however, a handbook chapter for lamb and essay FortiOS devoted to essay, High Availability, which you can find at and essay http://docs.fortinet.com/uploaded/files/2177/fortigate-ha-524.pdf. I hope that helps! I’ve already read that cookbook.

Anyhow I still have doubts. For example, how should the heartbeat be configured? (I’m thinking a dedicated switch) Is Full Mesh recommended? etc. As far as I am aware there are no special requirements for HA with more than two devices. Ralph Waldo Emerson Essay. Here are a few recommendations though: – The matching heartbeat interfaces of all 3 (or more) cluster units must be able to communicate with each other. So each device’s matching heartbeat interface should be connected to the same switch. – Redundant heartbeat interfaces are recommended. Lamb And Essay. You can reduce the number of points of failure by connecting each matching set of heartbeat interfaces to a different switch, but this is not a requirement. – A dedicated switch for each heartbeat interface is recommended because of the qld creative writing courses, large volume of and essay heartbeat traffic, but not required. – Full mesh can scale to more than two FortiGate units, but it is not required or particularly recommended (or not) if you have more than 3 devices in a cluster. If you have more questions I would be interested in courses, knowing something about your requirements. It seems somewhat rare to set up a cluster of more than three units so it would be interesting to know why you want to do this to help us create a scenario we can document.

I will also add these notes to lamb, a future version of the HA Guide. Victoria, I have 2 separate questions on tafe writing courses a HA active-active setup, if you know please explain: 1. How the HA active-active works when i have site to site VPN and the primary firewall goes down? Or how the other side is lamb and essay going to tafe qld creative writing, negotiate a site to site VPN with my HA active active cluster? 2. If have a HA active active solution and lets just say over and essay, a period of 2 years the number of users doubles so the traffic doubles, on the internal side of the failed phd thesis, firewalls, when any of the firewalls is going to fail how the remaining one is going to be able to and essay, keep up with the failed phd thesis, traffic? and what is the solution from and essay, preventing overwhelming the remaining firewall? I will try and answer your questions. Ralph Emerson Essay Composition. Let me know if you need more info. 1. HA synchronizes IPsec security associations (SAs) between cluster members so that if a failover occurs, the and essay, backup can resume IPsec sessions without having to establish new SAs.

2. Active-active HA does not provide double the performance of a single FortiGate. The main idea of active-active HA is to distribute proxy-based security profile processing to description, all cluster units. Proxy-based security profile processing is CPU and memory-intensive, so active-active HA may help increase performance depending on the traffic you process. In the and essay, scenario you describe it seems likely to me that the active-active cluster would start having performance problems even before a failure. After a failure the remaining FortiGate could become overwhelmed.

FortiOS can attempt to deal with high traffic loads by failed, entering conserve mode to and essay, save memory. In general in this scenario I think the solution would be to upgrade your hardware or find ways to reduce the processing load on the cluster. Resume On Time. I am not really qualified to talk about performance issues though. Perhaps Support or our Sales team could better answer this question. This cookbook ist just nothin worth.

Keep in mind that in and essay, real world, the most time a Cluster when creating or updating makes nothing than Troubles. Here should Fortigate make a real Firewall, with a Chance of no Default config, instead of crap Switch Interfaces or Default rules. I have two FGT-60C, I can it be HA? If you look at the Feature/Platform Matrix (http://docs.fortinet.com/uploaded/files/2342/fortios-feature-platform-matrix-523.pdf ), you can see which models support HA. Phd Thesis. According to the chart, you should be able to set up HA with two FortiGate 60Cs. Is it possbiel to have HA cluster between Fortigate 200B and 200D? Because of the way HA synchronizes the configuration the hardware of the lamb, FortiGates in the cluster must be identical. The 200B and 200D have different hardware and different configurations. In general the complete model numbers must be the living room essay, same including the lamb and essay, letters at the end. Is it possbiel to have HA cluster between Fortigate 200B and 200D? Unfortunately not.

The hardware model numbers, including the letter at the end, must be the same. First, an apology for taking so long to reply to your comment. Somehow we missed it #128577; Second, the HA Guide has some basic information about HA, L3 switches, and LACP but does not include a detailed example or a cookbook recipe. Waldo Essay. But we will add this recipe to our to do list. Here is and essay a link to the HA Guide for FortiOS 5.2, open the eve essay, PDF and search for lamb and essay LACP. This is room if FortiGate Cluster connected directly to single L2 Switches, do you have any reference if FortiGate Clusters Connected directly to Mesh L3 Switches on large environment where FortiGate Clusters will be installed in the middle between Active-Active Core L3 Switches and lamb and essay, Active-Active DataCenter L3 Switches. Resume On Time. Both Core and Data Center Switch is Using LACP. The first picture shows Internal Network connected to WAN and Internet connected to and essay, Internal zones :S. The labels in the diagram have been corrected, thanks for pointing this out. I have a client with two FortiGate-100D appliances in resume on time, the cluster, made contact to request a proposal for lamb licensing high availability UTM.

Please please help me with the resume on time, BoM. There are no special high availability UTM licenses, you just need to lamb and essay, license each individual FortiGate appliance for UTM. Customer support should be able to provide you with any additional information. See http://cookbook.fortinet.com/how-to-work-with-fortinet-support/ for details about contacting them. Can you create an HA pair between Fortigate 300C and 300D? Both the model number and qld creative courses, letter must match (in fact the hardware must be identical). Lamb And Essay. So it is not possible to create an HA cluster between a FortiGate 300C and 300D. How about HA with two firewalls and two ISPJoin the discussion.

Also What kind of switches you will recommend managed or un Managed? Can we use only one switch after ISP’s Routers ? Yes you can configure HA with two FortiGates and description essay, two ISPs. This would only require adding another network connection to the cluster. For example, if your FortiGates have WAN2 interfaces you would connect them in the same way as the WAN1 interface as described in the recipe. There are no HA-specific reasons to lamb, recommend managed or un-managed switches that I am aware of. This section has some information about managed switches and HA (http://help.fortinet.com/fos50hlp/54/Content/FortiOS/fortigate-managing-fortiswitch-330-54/HAconfig.htm) and we have plans for a managed switch and FortiAPs with HA recipe. Looks like we should also include dual ISPs in that recipe. You can use one switch after your IPS’s routers as long as each ISP’s traffic is separated on the switch.

I have a client with two FortiGate-100D appliances in room, the cluster, made contact to request a proposal for lamb licensing high availability UTM.

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mcdonald case study How a massive overhaul of every part of the UK business won the brand renewed public affection and led to record-beating sales. McDonald’s embarked on and essay an ambitious revitalisation of the brand following a series of events that had damaged brand perception to improve every aspect of the business. Based on substantial investments in eve essay, research, food was revamped and reinvented, restaurants redesigned and and essay staff morale boosted. The result: the UK had its best-ever year of sales growth in emerson composition, 2008 since it first opened its doors in South London in 1974. McDonald’s is the leading global food service retailer, with more than 32,000 local restaurants serving more than 60 million people in and essay, 117 countries each day. More than 75% of McDonald’s restaurants worldwide are owned and operated by independent local men and women. In the UK McDonald’s faced the challenge of scoring essays holistically, revitalising the brand and the business. It needed to re-connect with its customers, bolstering their trust in the brand and engaging with them on lamb and essay a new level in essays, communications.

It recognised that key to achieving this would be a renewed commitment to listening to lamb and essay, and understanding its customers, and being open and transparent as a business. It was a big challenge. Description? In 2005 McDonald’s business performance and brand perceptions had reached a plateau. A combination of factors in and essay, the brand’s recent history had undermined consumer trust. It seemed that the nation’s love affair with McDonald’s might be over. In response, it re-focused around a clear vision and ambitiously overhauled just about every aspect of the business and the way it presented itself.

By being customer-led over the next three years McDonald’s UK made record levels of investment in upgrading the experience for customers in the areas that mattered most to them. This included improving the fundamentals of the business: the resume on time food, the restaurants and communications. The business flourished, with eleven consecutive quarters of and essay, growth, and its best ever year of sales growth in phd thesis, 2008 since it first opened its doors in lamb and essay, south London in 1974. In 2005 McDonald’s business performance and brand perceptions had reached a plateau. A combination of factors in the brand’s recent history such as the failed phd thesis Mclibel trial, Eric Schlosser’s book Fast Food Nation, general disquiet about obesity and fast food and lamb the film ‘Supersize Me’ had undermined consumer trust.

It seemed that the nation’s love affair with McDonald’s might be over. So the brand had to win back its place in customers’ affections by phd thesis overhauling just about every aspect of the business that could affect its relationship with them, and finding the right way to express itself in communications. The process of change really started with the appointment of Steve Easterbrook as chief executive in early 2006. He made several new senior appointments, blending fresh thinking with internal promotions to usher in and essay, a culture of change. The business went through a period of rigorous self and ralph waldo emerson essay customer analysis. Much of the insight boiled down to a simple truth: although lots of consumers still went to McDonald’s, they didn’t feel as good about it. The brand had to get back to the basics of what had made it so appealing in the first place and re-ignite the passion it had attracted from customers.

Crucial to this would be the definition of a clear vision as the basis for lamb, the new brand story. This was defined as the waldo composition ‘progressive burger company’: Progressive: signifying the commitment to change. Burger: because that was the and essay true heart of the brand. Scoring? Company: because McDonald’s behaviour as an organisation is important to customers, employees and lamb stakeholders and is the key driver of trust. This was to become the focus for the business and the brand: addressing core customer concerns to rebuild trust in the brand.

This meant acting to fix the qld creative fundamentals of the business: the food, the restaurants and how the brand presented itself in communications. To achieve this, the business was determined to achieve a new depth and and essay breadth of consumer insights to inform and inspire its decision-making. Failed? Qualitative projects such as co-creation weekends, spent with groups of and essay, consumers, employees and franchisees to help unlock insights into how to living essay, build a better McDonald’s, and lamb ethnographic research were complemented by tafe qld creative writing a 4,000 sample usage and attitude study and continued use of the brand’s established quantitative tracking tools. Becoming customer-led in every area of the business. Over the next three years McDonald’s UK made record levels of investment to and essay, upgrade the living essay experience for customers in the areas that mattered most to them: the food for both adults and children and the restaurants. Improving food perceptions was clearly absolutely critical to lamb, re-appraisal of the brand. A grown-up menu for description room, adults. In research, customers had already told McDonald’s they wanted more choice. In response, the brand had initiated a programme that made more changes to its menu in three years than it had done in the previous thirty. Innovations across the menu saw the introduction of products such as new chicken recipes, using only 100% chicken breast meat from and essay, approved poultry farms.

Now even more choice was added. Bagels and porridge were launched at breakfast and fat, salt and sugar content were reduced. Organic milk and Rainforest Alliance coffee were introduced and a 10-year programme for free-range eggs culminated in their exclusive use throughout the menu. It was also vital to ensure that customers were provided with options that matched their tastes and wallets. More premium food was launched, both beef (e.g. The M) and chicken (Legend, Selects), which consumer research identified as gaps on the menu. The aim was to offer better products to build better impressions with the public. To give an indication of the scale of the success of some of these recipes, McDonald’s UK sold 21 million Chicken Legends in 2008. Healthier Happy Meals for children. Parents wanted the Happy Meal to ralph, remain a treat for their kids still to include a toy, for example but were concerned about nutrition. Changes had already been made in 2004, adding choice with fruit bags and lamb carrot sticks, but new moves included adding fibre to buns, serving fries unsalted if parents preferred and introducing semi-skimmed organic milk and fresh orange juice.

In addition, the salt, fat and sugar content was managed to tafe courses, ensure that nearly 80% of Happy Meal combinations were not high in fat, salt and sugar as defined by the Food Standards Agency. Parents also said they wanted help getting their kids to eat more fruit and vegetables, so the advertising approach was evolved to use licensed properties such as Kung Fu Panda to promote the 5-a-day items in lamb and essay, a Happy Meal. Today McDonald’s is one of the biggest providers of failed phd thesis, cut fruit to children in the UK. This led to the share of lamb, family visits growing vs the market: in 2008, for example, 80% of families visited McDonald’s. 2. Makeover for the restaurants. Research showed that customers saw room for improvement in some aspects of the McDonald’s experience, so these were addressed with a series of investments. An inviting new look. The single most visible signal of change to consumers was the store re-imaging programme, which began in holistically, 2006 and lamb and essay which completely changed the look and feel of the outlets. Out went the 1980s hangover combination of living room, bright red, yellow and plastic. In came softer greens, purples and wood, more modern and contemporary furniture, materials and seating configurations.

McDonald’s became as cool a place to hang out lamb as any coffee shop. By the end of 2008 80% of the new year high street restaurants had been refurbished, with consumer research showing increased consumer commitment to and essay, the brand and rising sales. Encouraging a new attitude. The business made a significant structural change by increasing the number of failed, franchisees. Entrusting more restaurants to local entrepreneurs was a huge success, based on the simple premise that if it is your own business you tend to run a better restaurant. Lamb And Essay? At the same time, focus on improving operating standards led to tafe writing, cleaner, more efficient and friendlier restaurants, while investment in new kitchen equipment enabled the serving of fresher, hotter food. And Essay? This was complemented by improved communication to stores. Failed Phd Thesis? The result was distinctly improved customer satisfaction scores. In addition, extended opening hours to reflect changing lifestyles saw more stores trade for and essay, 24 hours at least once a week. A series of innovative ideas.

Other initiatives offered evidence of the brand’s progressive ethos. McDonald’s was the first restaurant chain to launch ethical coffee onto the High Street with Rainforest Alliance coffee, lattes and cappuccinos at sensible prices. In 2008 McDonald’s sold 10 million more cups of coffee than in 2007. It started using bio-diesel made from its own used cooking oil to power the lorries that deliver to restaurants. It became the resume on time first chain to introduce free wi-fi across the UK a move that provided customers with a reason to visit more often. Rebuilding trust in the brand through communications. These physical changes to lamb and essay, the business needed to be matched and amplified by communications that engaged people on a different level, which meant that the brand needed to change its conversation with consumers to regain their confidence. Various beliefs, rumours and ‘urban myths’ had spread about the brand and had gone largely unchallenged. These were now attacked head-on, demonstrating a new transparency and determination to set the record straight. The brand challenged the public to make its own mind up about McDonald’s, launching a website called ‘Make up your own mind’, which invited people to ask any questions they wanted and have them answered honestly.

In addition, Steve Easterbrook went head to head with Eric Schlosser, author of Fast Food Nation, on Newsnight in May 2006. This was a big gamble, but it paid off. People saw a different side to McDonald’s. And it was highly symbolic internally, giving the confidence boost necessary to resume on time, drive genuine brand revitalisation. The company now regularly meets with government bodies and and essay non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to provide them with the facts about its food and is a willing participant in new year, debates. McDonald’s also became the first restaurant chain to lamb, introduce nutritional labelling onto packaging to help people make the right choices for themselves.

Internally, several initiatives aimed at upgrading the employee experience were introduced, including the McJob campaign, new crew uniforms and new year eve essay the apprenticeship programme. These changes were shared with the media in an open and lamb and essay honest manner, which continued to challenge media expectations and force reappraisal. The ratio of positive to negative brand messages improved dramatically. For example, during the third quarter of 2008 68% of messages were positive, compared to only 9% negative, with 23% neutral a remarkable indication of how far the brand had progressed. Engaging with advertising. McDonald’s had always been committed to using advertising to drive its business, but now was the right time to take the opportunity to use it more pro-actively to manage its brand image and perceptions. The intention was to signal to consumers and stakeholders that the company was talking to them in a new and engaging way to celebrate the truths about, and show pride in, the brand. A prime opportunity for doing this was the eve essay Happy Meal, where the and essay changes in the product offered the essays ideal platform for and essay, re-connection with mothers’ heads and qld creative courses hearts, through a combination of emotional storytelling and rational reassurance to shift attitudes and make a statement. This led to the ‘That’s What Makes McDonald’s’ campaign, in which the ‘Planting’ TV commercial told, charmingly and engagingly, the lamb and essay truth about the core ingredients of ralph essay composition, a Happy Meal, celebrating the food and connecting it back to its source (Figure 1).

The campaign was carried through to restaurants via tray liners (Figure 2). And it was used as a key internal communications tool, signifying the brand’s new direction and attitude. Tracking showed that the campaign was the lamb and essay brand’s most successful TV campaign this century, and there were strong signs of positively influencing brand perceptions (and not just among the mothers at whom it was primarily aimed). By the end of 2008 not only had the key messages the brand wanted to communicate been picked up by ‘Happy Meal’ mums and the general audience of young adults, but the campaign had gone a long way to restore its relationship with the British public. ‘Planting’ had made them feel better about McDonald’s (Figure 3). In the broader advertising context, it is worth noting that as part of improving communications effectiveness McDonald’s conducted a thorough econometric study which helped refine media selection, leading to holistically, a 29% improvement in advertising return on investment (ROI) since 2005. From mid/late 2006, the business saw a marked improvement in sales, ‘guest counts’ and market share. Customer perceptions of the brand also improved significantly, especially on the ‘trust’ measure which represented a key objective for. 1. Business performance. By the end of lamb, 2008 McDonald’s in the UK had seen 11 consecutive quarters of growth. Eve Essay? For the full year 2008 European sales grew by 8.5%.

McDonald’s does not publicly disclose sales data by individual market. However, to give an indication of the scale of revitalisation, the and essay UK had its best ever year of sales growth in 2008 since it first opened its doors in tafe qld creative, South London in 1974. Market share also grew despite operating in what is recognised as one of the most competitive eating out markets in the world. In the ‘informal eating out’ sector, McDonald’s enjoyed four consecutive quarters of increasing share of market from the last quarter of 2007, outstripping the growth that the lamb sector itself was showing over scoring the same period. 2. Consumer perceptions. Changing perceptions of an established brand is lamb and essay notoriously difficult. However, by the end of 2008, significant improvements had been made in all but one of the scoring essays holistically 30+ brand metrics that were continuously tracked.

First and foremost, McDonald’s revitalisation was achieved by listening to its customers and, as a result, making record levels of investment in the things that matter most to both customers and lamb and essay employees. The restaurant experience was significantly upgraded, openness and transparency had become fundamental to the way the company does business and marketing activities were achieving new levels of effectiveness and relevance. To book your table for this year's awards or to find out how to enter the Awards for Excellence 2014 visit: http://www.marketingsocietyawards.com/how-to-enter. This paper tells the story of how John Lewis went from a trusted retailer to one of Britain’s most loved, talked a. The WW ASOS Christmas campaign had to help deliver *£X UK sales whilst deepening brand engagement with fashion-lov.

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alias name on resume Get via App Store Read this post in lamb and essay, our app! Should I adopt an alias when I have a name that may sound strange or offensive in the local language? I love my name. I want to use it everywhere and failed, want people to remember me by lamb and essay, my real name. However, my native first name sounds a little 'weird' in English: 'Phuc'.

It is also difficult to pronounce. In your experience, will this first name cause a negative impression (for example, when you look at it in email address or CV) or have negative effect in communication? Is adopting an English alias (like many Asian people did) really beneficial? Is there another way to mitigate the awkwardness that may arise from my name being mispronounced? Update: The context of this question is typical American workplaces. If you love your name, but you're worried about how it will look in failed phd thesis, the workplace, you could consider using an alias or nickname just for and essay work environments , and tafe writing, use your real name elsewhere with friends and family. Lamb And Essay. It may help introductions feel smoother on new year, both sides. The advice comes from and essay personal experience - I maintain a work persona nickname, because my full first name - Yochannah - stymies an average English speaker. It's spelled reasonably phonetically, with a gutteral ch similar to the way a Scottish person might pronounce loch (as in lake, e.g. Scoring. loch ness).

My work nickname, Yo is still odd, but it works slightly better in a professional context because there is lamb and essay, no possible way to say it wrong. The important bit to remember is that the nickname makes people feel less uncomfortable . Sometimes work colleagues who know me well will use my full name too, if they feel comfortable with it - but I don't try to essays holistically, force the issue, I just feel pleased they're trying to be nice. Like the others say, you'll still need to lamb, be careful to provide a full name on living room essay, any official documents. As A Vietnamese American, I can say say that there are a few Vietnamese names that are great in and essay, the Vietnamese language but that may cause your kid's day at school to be a fighting day. Examples: Phuc, Phuoc, Dung, Hung, Bich.

Other Vietnamese names may be a challenge for others to new year, pronounce including the ubiquitous Nguyen, which my father turned into and essay my middle name for that reason - it is living, both hard to pronounce AND ubiquitous. At the end, as overseas Vietnamese, we have three choices: stick it out. I never dropped my first name despite pressure from my father and the only lamb, aliases I will accept are whatever barrack names are used to refer to failed phd thesis, those make unpopular decisions :) In some places, as a school kid, my name was an open invitation to a fight. Not everyone likes Vietnamese, and lamb, some will target you just because that's what you are. Maria, Sean, Megan, Omar are names that became American names because their owners stuck it out. The names are not controversial but at one time, they made their owners into a target because of their ethnicity. use an scoring holistically alias. However, the alias has no legal weight and you will have to constantly explain yourself in any venue where you have to produce a legal document. You can choose a Vietnamese name that's easier to pronounce or go all the way and use an lamb and essay indigenous name for an alias. Whatever you do, stay away from say Billy the Kid or Baby Face Nelson :) Legally add or substitute an indigenous name to your name.

Just don't pick an indigenous first name that gets you into the same hot water with the natives e.g. Satan or Lucifer :) I'll note that Adolf Hitler was a somewhat common name in Germany until after World War II, when the German authorities allowed the bearers of this name to change it for obvious reasons. Scoring Essays. While I use Vietnamese in my answer, I am conscious that other Asians, Africans and quite a few Europeans share our predicament. I have a couple of lamb native-born American friends whose parents - shall we say, were American originals, and stuck their offspring with first names that were way out of the mainstream. One of essay composition these off-springs is lamb and essay, a close friend of mine and every day at school was a fighting day, even though his family had been settled in the United States for five generations :) Your name is a very important piece of your identity and in emerson essay composition, my case, it is the essence of who I am. No decision involving your name should be made lightly, because you and your descendants may be stuck with it for the rest of your natural lives.

You did not mention where you are working because this will differ from lamb and essay culture and failed phd thesis, region, but I can offer you some advice based on lamb and essay, my experience: In some companies, on the job application you have to put your legal name , which is the name that is written on resume on time, your government issued identification. Lamb And Essay. In these same applications, there is a place to scoring essays, put a preferred name; you can (if you so chose), write your preferred name here. As far as working with your colleagues, the first time someone mispronounces your name, you can correct them and lamb and essay, they should pick it up from ralph composition there on. It is lamb, similar to how you want to address your boss, as Mr. Last Name or John, the first time it is always best to error on the side of caution. Room Essay. In some cultures and lamb and essay, companies a pseudonym is common; and people preferred to be called by their pseudonym or nick name. They will often let you know this by resume on time, addressing their email as First Nick Last, for example Richard Dick Clark - you can use the same if this is the norm in your country/workplace. Finally, some names are just hard to pronounce for non-native speakers. In my experience this is usually the case for Asian names although I have heard some Eastern European names that were a real tongue twister. I have faced this when working with a Thai colleague.

In these scenarios, the person usually offers a shortened version of lamb their name. Now is all this beneficial? Well, it depends entirely on your colleagues. Phd Thesis. If all your colleagues are able to pronounce your name correctly - then you adopting an English name might just be something that no one uses (ie, they just ignore it). However, if you sense that there is a hesitation in lamb, pronouncing your name and people start addressing you by your last name; you might want to failed, consider adopting a pseudonym.

There is no yes/no answer here, it is highly subjective to lamb and essay, your work environment and company culture.

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essay on imagination kinds of human nature within the society, how it is used and by what characters. Lamb. These are the kind of questions raised by a mind with a sociological imagination. A sociological imagination must be able to failed phd thesis, shift perspectives, this allows the mind to open closed doors and uncover the relation the two perspectives hold. A tool for lamb and essay the imagination is the eve essay personal troubles of milieu and and essay, the public issues of social structure. Troubles for one are in close relation with that particular individual. Essay on Sociological Imagination. There are many contributes the ralph emerson composition media has issued that plays a huge role towards the sociological imagination concept. Since the rise of depression has increased, it is not hard to easily spot an ad on the subway asking if you’re depressed and influencing you to call a toll for assistance. And Essay. There are many hotlines you can contact if you feel like venting anonymously and websites where you can talk to a therapist about your problems.

Not to mention public forums that allow you to. exist everywhere. This is because our society no longer portrays racism as a huge issue. Older folks still look at color before judging someone, but that’s because their sociological imagination was shaped when they were younger and they’re stuck in their ways. As the generations pass everyone’s sociological imagination changes as well as the thoughts and beliefs of the people in essays holistically, that certain society. Lamb. In my grandmother’s days, if your parents were a certain religion then so were you. My grandma happens. Exploring the Concept of Sociological Imagination Essay. The sociological imagination helps you to ralph waldo emerson essay, develop the understanding not only lamb of “external career” – jobs, events, but also your “inner life”, so thoughts, personality etc.

People feel trapped because they can’t see ways out of their problems. This is often because their problems have societal causes, rather than individual ones, and therefore have to be addressed on that basis, and not on failed phd thesis a personal level. The realisation of this, the necessity to lamb, look beyond your own life to how it is influenced. William Wordsworth and essays, the Mortality of the Imagination Essay. For I have learned / to lamb, look on nature.” (Pg. 783, lines 83-89). This is Wordsworth expressing that we need to look more into nature, or not rely on technology as much because our imagination can vanish and we wouldn’t even know if it was gone. Tafe Courses. Also, his mentioning of Tintern Abbey cathedral also reveals this according to John Peters, “In a sense, Wordsworth does not refer to the abbey in the poem because he does not see it-not because the abbey is not there, nor because Wordsworth cannot see it. Essay on and essay The Social Imagination of Forrest Gump. Another example of sociological imagination was Forrest’s opportunity to attend college at new year eve essay, the University of and essay Alabama. At a time in society when handicapped individuals such as Forrest, who had to wear braces in order to walk, were treated disrespectfully, taunted, and bullied.

Due to the attitudes that existed in society toward handicapped persons, Forrest learned to ‘run,’ as his friend Jenny told him to do, anytime he was being bullied or harassed by cruel classmates. When he was in eve essay, high school. Essay on Sociological Imagination: C. And Essay. Wright Mills. The sociological imagination that I have developed could be characterized as the ability to perceive how sociological circumstances play out because of how individuals contrast in given social periods or recorded circumstances. Through this method the tafe qld creative writing consideration of things in the public arena that have prompted a conclusion, and comprehension as to what reasons prompted that result. Things that shape these results incorporate social standards, what individuals need to increase out of something. Understanding the the Romantic Imagination with Ramond, Wordsworth and Shelley. force given to his imagination…that kind of enthusiasm which kindles great ideas (349). Whereas his first experiences are paired dichotomies, the kindling of his imagination does not have an opposite lamb and essay, but rather its own creations (ideas). Chronology is living, either indescribable or of no importance as it is difficult to understand what happens when during Ramond's sublime experience. Taking flight, his soul is able to and essay, co exist with all beings and transcend time and essay composition, space (351).

Imagination succeeds when reason. Basically, as an aspect of sociological imagination, what people do is shaped by all these things that result in some sort of outcome. The sociological imagination is the ability to see things socially and how they interact and influence each other. And Essay. To have a sociological imagination, a person must be able to pull away from the situation and think from an alternative point of view. It requires to think ourselves away from failed phd thesis, our daily routines and lamb and essay, look at them anew. To acquire knowledge, it is. Essay about Sociological Imagination.

connection means” (1959, 2). Mills essay describes how sociological imagination is very beneficial to the average person (even though a lot of people don’t use or understand it) when analyzing their own milieu and how their milieu is living, affected by and connected to the larger society in which they reside. Lamb And Essay. When reading the works by Stephanie Coontz, Simon Davis, and Charles A. Gallagher, it was easy to see that all three have sociological imaginations. This was even more clear when referring back to C.W. Mills’ This became a paradigm for arguments on alcoholism treatment and for weakening laws. New Year Eve Essay. The problem was not alcohol as a product but a ‘personal issue’. (Room, 2010: 151-163) Analysing current trends for drug use and abuse around the lamb and essay world can show structural inequalities and cultural values that help determine what drugs are available and new year eve essay, how people start to abuse illegal substances.

An ethnographic study conducted in the Northern Russian City of Vorkytan, centred around the role of social networks. 42), he says and again, “The writer of literature can only write out what takes shape in lamb, his mind” (p. Tafe Qld Creative Courses. 46), Literary conventions enable the writer to incorporate personal experience into literature. The major conventions of Western literature–tragedy, comedy, satire, and romance–are “typical ways in and essay, which stories get told” (p. 49). Frye suggests that they represent “episodes” in the story of literature itself (p.

52). As he view it, all literature tells a large cyclic story–”the story of the loss. Essay on qld creative writing courses Sociological Imagination. The basement had one small room of books and the rest is study areas. The first floor is a mix of lamb and essay computer labs, books, magazines and more study areas. The third floor is mostly books and of course more places to study.

Leah and phd thesis, I walked through the library doors, shortly after nine. We trudged up the stair anticipating the extreme pleasures of homework. Lamb And Essay. We chose a small square table on the first floor. Description Essay. To our left was a table of four girls, to lamb and essay, our right was two guys and next to them was two small. Essay about The Romantic Imagination in Action. space and resume on time, time. Lamb And Essay. Kant legitimizes imagination by studying the ideology that all human knowledge comes from experience. He concludes that sensation and understanding work together to resume on time, establish content and form in a conjoined ?synthesis'.

If Kant is doubtlessly known for his ?retreat' from the radical implications of his view and lamb and essay, his later emphasis on rationality, his views greatly influenced German idealists, Fichte and Schelling who elevated the imagination as the absolute source of human thought. The eagle represents authority, supremacy, and control. The eagle’s open beak revealed the openness of mind, the phd thesis expected response to command, and lamb and essay, the dialogue between the tafe qld creative artist, and lamb, the art. The eagle ready to spring from the tafe qld creative canvas expressed the artists’ frame of mind. The need mental thought inspired by lamb and essay an eagle in flight symbolized the need to be free; to soar to higher ground metaphorically. Reflection on Probable Occurrences Artists consider their subjects critically before the work begins.

Race and the Sociological Imagination Essay. My position in resume on time, society was shaped by my economic position, which was an effect of lamb my grandfather and father’s educations. My grandfather was able to attend college but this was not true for his parents. Resume On Time. Depending upon a persons situation social welfare programs can either enforce progression or plateau disadvantages. I was able to attend Isidore Newman School and I lived in an integrated neighborhood where resources such as schools, hospitals, parks and grocery stores were better than those in. Literature is the Soul of the Imagination: Inspired by a Teacher.

After lunch, I returned to my room in the brown-walled, loud boarding house. I began revising the notes she had handed out. To my surprise, I had understood most of the notes. Lamb And Essay. But what really shook me was getting a B plus for the first Literature test. At that moment I concluded that I am actually not disastrous in Literature; with continued reading, I could actually get my intended A grade. Tafe Qld Creative Writing. Or it may have been the excitement of knowing I had understood the subject for the first time. I do not know. A Literary Imagination Put to lamb and essay, a Halt Essay. She progressed intellectually and married young at the age of 20 to Oscar Chopin. She became the typical 19th century high-class wife which required a “demanding social and domestic schedule . Phd Thesis. [that] serves as material for The Awakening.” (Witalec 1) She also was mother to five boys and one girl.

After her husband’s death in 1882 she took on the family business. She was “intrigued by the … sharecroppers who worked on lamb and essay the plantations… [and] the impression she gathered of these people… were later. Realism and Imagination Within Hamlet Essay. The first soliloquy occurs when the description living room essay hero is left alone after the royal social gathering in the room of state. And Essay. It emphasizes the general corruption of society and the frailty of women – an obvious reference to his mother’s hasty and incestuous marriage to her husband’s brother – thus expressing a rather imaginatively idealistic outlook on the situation: O, that this too too solid flesh would melt Thaw and holistically, resolve itself into a dew!

Or that the Everlasting had not fix'd. Essay The Underworld, Logos, and the Poetic Imagination. . . (1.1-3)[2] The poet, therefore, acts as a meduim through which poetry flows from a higher divinity to the listening audience. The story of the Trojan War lives on because of the poetry of Homer, which has, in a sense, immortalized the lamb and essay characters and scoring, events of the war. They still exist in the poem, and we can summon them into physical existence by reading the poem--that is to and essay, say, we can re-create them through language. Within the poem, Death is despicable to Achilles, and his glory and. How Do Reason and Imagination Shape Poetry? Essay.

seems in failed phd thesis, general to be necessary” which links to Nietzsche’s belief that Poetry need not be intelligible to and essay, be enjoyable. A central concept of Burke’s definition of the Sublime is this same obscurity, which can largely be seen as the product of the Imagination, though Burke makes no explicit allusions to this. However, Burke still strongly supports Nietzsche’s argument, exemplifying that the power of the Sublime in poetry is greater if it is resume on time, unintelligible. Burke even includes John Milton’s poetic description. Essay on A Southern Mode of the Imagination and Thomas Wolfe. “A Southern Mode of the Imagination” was published in 1959, when Tate was at a considerable remove from the period covered in the essay. His theory may have benefitted from an objectivity increased in proportion with this distance; however Tate’s representation of the historical facts was not all that it could be. For instance, several of the Fugitive poets, including Tate’s mentor and friend, John Crowe Ransom, had been meeting informally since 1915, two years before the United States’ entry into.

Memory, Imagination, and Consciousness in Funes the Memorious and Meursault. We are conscious individuals because our senses do not limit our perception of the external reality. It is lamb and essay, undeniably ours because we use our imagination to alter it. Therefore, consciousness is the resume on time awareness that our created internal reality differs from the external reality. Camus’ introduction of Meursault devoid of an and essay effective memory reveals how close pre-accident Funes is to consciousness. Meursault realizes that, “I did it as it came to me, but I tried my best to please Raymond because. The Imagination of Miss Brill in Katherine Mansfield#x27;s Miss Brill. It was like a play. I was exactly like a play (Mansfield 228). She sees herself on stage acting, part of a fascinating drama that occurs each Sunday, and she surmises that no doubt somebody would have noticed if she hadn't been there; she was part of the performance. (Mansfield 228).

She even imagines that the old man she reads to once a week sees her as an resume on time actress and replies to his imaginary question about her, Yes, I have been an actress for a long time, (Mansfield 229). While. Personal Narrative My Sociological Imagination Essay. This has definitely shaped the way I go about making certain decisions. First of all I am the and essay most faithful boyfriend in the entire world and also am quite clingy to my girlfriend. Resume On Time. I suppose that she has filled the gap that my father left. Lamb And Essay. I also plan to be faithful to the woman I choose to be my wife.

Without the description room invention of MRI and even without living in the technologically advancing society we live in, I wouldn't be this way because my father wouldn't have left. Other historical events that. Dada Embraced Self-Expression, Impulse, Spontaneity and Imagination. Why Were These Particular Qualities Appealing to Dadaists as Artists and Social Commentators? Although various explanations have been put forward, the generally accepted story is that of co-founder Richard Huelsenback, who upon searching for the name of a new female singer, plunged a paper knife into and essay a French-germen dictionary, which pointed to the word Dada, colloquial French term for hobbyhorse. This simple term was universal, and meant the same thing (nothing!) in all languages. It was simple, unique and relatable, because it was echoing the living room first words of a child. This childishness is. : Social imagination and the Social perspectives: Essay. Holistic/broad/general Approach The Sociological perspective: Sociology differs to other scientific practices in many ways for instance; when compared to Psychology, Sociology uses mainly a holistic approach while Psychology uses an individualistic approach. Unlike economics it does not confine itself to and essay, one particular area of social life Sociology is ralph waldo emerson, not a definitive science because it does not have one rule that applies to all aspects of its study.

The sociological. Imagination Wins the Battle Against Prejudice Essay. This quote describes Bub as a shallow person because he allows the media to shape his views. Bub was jealous of men who were close to his wife, especially Robert. For example, Bub stated, “They talked of things that had happened to lamb, them—to them!—these past ten years. I waited in vain to essay, hear my name on my wife’s sweet lips…But I heard nothing of sort. And Essay. More talk of Robert” (Carver). Description. Carver expressed an insecure and desperate tone for Bub. He wanted to receive more attention from his wife and he. Wilson/Frost Differences Between Realism and Imagination Essay.

In actuality, this meeting with the devil was a meeting with “a white man” that showed up at lamb and essay, his house to get him to buy furniture by sending “ten dollars, first of every month” (Wilson 153). Troy has been sending ten dollars every month to this company for fifteen years, though he says he “done paid for waldo emerson essay it ten times over” (Wilson 153). This story is a way of demonizing the man that scammed Troy into over-paying for his furniture, and shows the reluctance of Troy in accepting that he has made a mistake. Essay Rod Sterling#x27;s Imagination: Clearly From theTwilight Zone. Serling and Kramer married on July 31, 1948. They would have two children Jodi and Anne.(Rod Serling, 2) While at Antoich College, Serling initially was a P.E. major but he changed to literature early on lamb in his education there (Serling, Rod 1). He had said he was a bit confused when he returned from the war not knowing what he wanted to do.

Soon though he found a career writing scripts for essays holistically the WLW, the radio station there. Serling graduated from and essay, college in 1950 and he began selling scripts for. Art in many different forms Essay. different styles of art it is important to let the imagination work to tell a much larger story. The poem is open and tafe writing, unfinished letting the imagination roam as to what is happening as “a bugle and fiddles tipping their bellies”(Lines 4-5) might lead the reader to picture very large men and women having a robust time. The painting is more up front and to lamb and essay, the point by phd thesis showing the reader what is happening with most of the details there to see.

The imagination can still wander with the painting but not as. Imagination and reality do indeed coincide with each other, because without one, you can't have the other. One who only lamb and essay see's and doesn't imagine is a documentary artist, taking everything for exactly what it is. But the visionary artist is the one that can see outside the box, seeing a vision within a vision. Winterson's main point in Imagination and Reality, is that through art, we are able to new year, turn our imagination into a reality. Winterson sets the tone for and essay her essay in scoring essays, the very two first. Imaginary Friend; Is It a Problem? Essay. reality filled with imagination and fantasy, are more likely to engage in artistic activities in the future.

Imagination is a valuable and unique tool to each human being. It will be a blessing that fantasy would accompany us throughout our lives and not just in our childhood. Without doubts, having the imagination of a child, we could make a better world. “Every child is a world and our world has millions of children” As said Rushdie, S. (Date Unknown) “The language and imagination cannot be imprisoned” A Critical Appreciation of Wallace Steven#x27;s #x27; the and essay Idea of Order at Key West#x27; clearly. The woman’s song opened up the speakers eyes to eve essay, the light of the world around him, and in lamb and essay, turn the new year eve essay poem itself opened up our eyes.

The poem focuses on the perception of imagination and reality. In this poem, reality pertains to the totality of all things possessing actuality, existence or essence; imagination, on the other hand, captures and interprets reality so an individual is able to create their own meaning of the given world, and escape the facts of existence through their own sense. Religious imagination 19. The last 2,000 years, according to Tickle, basically can be divided into three general periods; she calls them “two and a fraction.” Each period, then, is characterized by lamb and essay an “overarching sensibility.” The longest period is the first 1,500 years. What does she call it? The centuries of: physical imagination 20. The shortest period is emerson essay composition, “the fraction” of the last century or so. What does she call this comparatively short time?

The era of: spiritual imagination 21. The following. Janet never studied sculpture, engineering, or architecture and was even turned down by seven art schools (Echelman, 2011). However, through her imagination and curiosity she was able to create something new. Her curiosity of different art forms and research of materials for and essay her creations lead her to create fixtures of flowing, voluptuous art forms that line city sky scrapers around the ralph world. And Essay. I can apply the points made in eve essay, this talk to furthering my education. Maintaining a certain level of curiosity. Essay about Themes During the Romantic Age. nature in this time, by their searches of the mountains and lamb and essay, the seas through their work (41). Along with nature, imagination is eve essay, a major theme in the Romantic Age.

Bowra said, “if we wish to distinguish a single characteristic which differentiates the English Romantics from the poets of the eighteenth century, it is to be found in the importance which they attached to the imaginations and in the special view they held of it” (1). The Romantic writers “were conscious of and essay a wonderful capacity to create. Imagination is essays, a style used to and essay, influence creativity and change within an organization. Leaders with a strong desire to room essay, use be creative move forward in their career by using their imagination to create unique ideas and goals for their organization to grow and thrive beyond their competitors. The imagination style is similar to inspiration style. The similarity between imagination and inspiration involves a desire to create something out of thought and focus. Both styles share the same the desire to. Brothers Grimm and Beautiful Mind Essay examples. Nash developed the world’s famous Game theo Premium 2553 Words 11 Pages * The Glorious Faculty: a Critical Analysis of Addison’s Theory of and essay Imagination in ‘the Pleasures of tafe writing Imagination’ The Glorious Faculty: A Critical Analysis of Addison’s Theory of and essay Imagination in failed, ‘The Pleasures of Imagination’ Declaration: I declare that this is lamb and essay, my original work and I have acknowledged indebtedness to authors I have consulted in the preparation of my paper. (I) An auxilie. Perception Determines Reality Essay. Sacks state “It is by such imagination, such vision that we create or construct our individual worlds” (Sacks 522).

Being blind limits a lot of actions that one can do to survive and perform daily tasks. It is failed, also very inconvenient for them to lamb, express what they truly wanted to express and how they are feeling at the moment. Knowing that blindness is a permanent disability and no medical evidence has been prove to cure it, blind people’s only essays hope is to tweak their way to lamb and essay, view reality. Sacks try. It is something not done before making it innovative. Following the understating in Robert Bernstein film “Art + Science = Innovation” Bawazer Ideals fit the process from scoring, imagination to Innovative. His ideal was not done before, taking living creatures to make inanimate things; it was unheard of. Lamb. He then had to think how he could make it a reality and if the processes to do so already existed, which they did. Then is it profitable to become innovative and it is. It is a change from our wasteful.

people and take their watches and money.” (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: 26-28) Huck chooses to call themselves robbers, and eliminate the imagination by eve essay saying that they don’t kill people and lamb and essay, that he was only in it for the profit, to which he found none. And then as Byrne points out, “ In the earlier book Huck was the odd man out on issues of the imagination; the resume on time other boys welcomed the opportunity to share Tom’s dreams. In this case, however, we are told that all the boys resigned; it is Tom who. existence of and essay material substances is by showing that pure intellect is totally controlled by will and therefore anything can be easily ignored. While imagination is not controlled by will and this concludes that, as it is scoring holistically, impossible to and essay, restrict imagination, matter must exist, as without the subsistence of things to imagine there would be no imagination. In the mental a physical world as he explores what he calls primary and secondary qualities. The primarily qualities are to Descartes the more trustworthy. Othello: its Universality Pro and Con Essays.

soaring yet firm, enchants the sensuous imagination. This kind of beauty Othello shares with Romeo and Juliet and Antony and Cleopatra; it is a corollary of the phd thesis theme which it shares with them. But Othello is also remarkable for another kind of beauty. Except for the trivial scene with the clown, all is immediately relevant to the central issue; no scene requires critical justification. The play has a rare intellectual beauty, satisfying the desire of the and essay imagination for order and harmony between the parts. Concious and failed phd thesis, Unconscious Mind in Frankestein by and essay Mary Shelley Essay. North Pole will actually be like. His imagination is lively and creative and is portrayed in the letters to description living room, his sister.

Frankenstein’s goal is to create life from an inanimate object and and essay, imagines this creature similar to a human being. Frankenstein’s imagination eventually takes over and “[is] too much exalted by [his] first success to tafe qld creative, permit [him] to doubt [his] ability to give life to an animal as complex and wonderful as man” (ch. 4; 38). Victor’s imagination leads him on the journey to completing. Fashion as Fashion Photography Essay. women leaving a room, straight away this draws a curiosity and involves the viewers in. The viewers use their imaginations on what might or would happen when then women would leave the room. The viewers make their own conclusion. Like fashion itself, the lamb and essay get to express themselves through clothes designed for them.

And fashion photography gives people the chance to put across their own imagination through the image they look at. Fashion and Fashion photography make viewers get drawn in, and tell them what. Atonement and failed phd thesis, the Failure of the General Point of View Essay examples. Whether this sympathy, for the narrator, proceeds from what seems like knowledge (as in the case of Mrs. Lamb. Dalloway’s narrator) or imagination (as in the case of Atonement’s), it must, for room the author, proceed from imagination. It is precisely Briony’s failure of imagination, though, that leads her to commit her “crime” and and essay, will eventually prevent her from achieving “atonement” for it through authorship of her account. Briony’s failure to comprehend the tafe qld creative events she witnesses, and and essay, her subsequent repeated.

Digging Deep Within A Matchmaker Essays. Emma’s imagination helped her to match up the ralph essay composition other characters. It also bought her down because it made her blinded by her own love. “Emma Woodhouse is an lamb and essay “imaginist”; that in a nonce word, invented for her,” (Tave 7) “The imagination is waldo composition, “lively” and lamb, gives added life; it gives power over life, over others and one’s self, and Emma enjoys the power of having rather too much her own way.” (Tave 11) Emma’s imagination controls her life because she is not herself. She enjoys the imagination because. Descartes#x27; Second and Sixth and Meditations Essay. and changeable” . These tendencies seem to divulge the fact that it is not the ability of scoring our imagination that permits us to differentiate between the waxes different physical attributes.

Even though it is possible to lamb and essay, make changes to the wax via our imagination that depict these attributes, it seems impossible to consider all of the potential changes, so therefore it seems unlikely that it is our imagination that solely identifies the wax. It seems more. and why each culture/religion defines evil will help us dive deeper into new year the rationale between evil and imagination. Lamb. It is through our imagination and resume on time, fascination in evil that humans have been susceptible to corruption. Tales of lust, betrayal, gore and murder, destruction, devastation, and generally rotten things entice and entertain us not because they are reasonable, but because our imagination wants to explore what it is like to transgress our deepest moral sentiments. - The Realities of.

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essay: Climate Change and the Carbon Tax. Climate Change and the Carbon Tax 17.7.2011. Why put a price on lamb carbon ? (1,2) The battle to put a price on new year eve essay carbon pollution in Australia started almost 20 years ago, in the early 1990s. Since then most observed trends, from greenhouse gas emissions to and essay sea level rises, are in the upper range of emerson essay scientific predictions. All reputable scientists agree that climate change is man-made, and a huge challenge for human civilization. Political efforts for an international agreement to limit climate change have more-or-less foundered. Since the Cancun conference in 2010, there is an agreed goal to try to limit the planet’s average temperature rise to less than 2 degrees.

Although many countries are proceeding with their own measures, the and essay, Earth is likely to wander into the fire: 3-4 degrees warming by resume on time 2100 and up to 6-8 degrees in centuries to lamb come. This would disturb the global environment to an extent beyond all human experience, provoking massive effects. Description Living Room Essay! Some might unfold slowly, such as reduced food production and and essay, subsequent famine across the globe; but abrupt and irreversible events lurk behind the two degree firewall: the collapse of entire ecosystems, destabilization of monsoon patterns, shutdown of ocean currents and ralph emerson composition, the melting of the big ice sheets, with sea level rises in the multi-metre range. At Copenhagen we learned that a ‘four degree world’ would reduce the planet’s carrying capacity for humans below one billion people; the world would be transformed into a hostile place beyond the lamb, capacity of most people to survive. Iconic marine systems like the Great Barrier Reef would be destroyed by rising, warming and more acidic oceans. Certain lethal diseases would become more widespread. Ralph Waldo Emerson! Along with rising temperatures, increasing frequency of floods, droughts and storms would cause Australian farm output to collapse to lamb the point of tafe writing courses endangering our food security.

This is the world of climate policy failure that the carbon tax debate has barely mentioned; in the narrow tussle over and essay immediate economic impacts, the ‘greatest moral issue of our time’ has so far been sidelined. What is the carbon tax and how does it work ? (3,4) There has been confusion about what a carbon tax is and does; perhaps the word ‘tax’ is to blame. Unlike most taxes it’s not aimed at raising revenue but at changing behaviour, to make it more likely that Australia will meet its targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Australia has more reason to do this than most other countries. We are the biggest per capita emitter of carbon dioxide among developed nations, and the world’s 10 th biggest emitter overall, despite our small population. New Year Eve Essay! In 2009 we emitted 19.64 tonnes per person, compared with the world average of 4.49 tonnes or China’s 5.83 tonnes. We have already experienced the lamb and essay, effects of more extreme weather – from eve essay droughts and bushfires to floods, and as a coastal nation we have much to fear from rising sea levels and ocean acidification. Advertisements from the lamb, resources sector urges Australia to do little, wait for bigger emitters to take action first, not get out in front; but our cities, infrastructure and agriculture are precariously vulnerable to climate change, and with our precious natural assets at risk we have a direct interest in showing leadership. By linking the need to tackle climate change to economic reform, the government has sent a clear message to the biggest corporate and individual polluters, and holistically, made that need an lamb and essay integral part of the way we live.

The 500 biggest corporate polluters will from July next year have to pay $23 for every tonne of ralph waldo composition their CO2 emissions, giving them an immediate incentive to transition to and essay new technologies. For families and individuals, those who can most afford it will face increasing costs if they fail to change their habits, while those on description living room essay low and middle incomes will be compensated. Families living in larger houses, using more electricity, driving petrol-guzzling 4-wheel drives or running heaters and aircons excessively, can avoid extra costs by adjusting their lifestyles. Residents of Malvern averaged 24.65 tonnes of greenhouse emissions last year, while citizens of less affluent Maryborough averaged 17.19 tonnes. So this is a first step towards encouraging the biggest polluters to discard wasteful habits and invest in smarter energy use. It will set up the economy for deeper cuts down the track, and can be easily boosted if global action increases. And Essay! Just as for individuals, the cost for most businesses will be quite light, cushioned by compensation packages aimed at ralph emerson composition easing the initial pain.

So it’s a gradual start, with a fixed carbon price from July 2012, then from July 2015 there’ll be a market – an emissions trading scheme with a floor and a ceiling price for carbon. This hybrid approach is a way of achieving long-term stability of the carbon price, encouraging investment in new technologies. This gradual start (due to industry and political opposition) means that the biggest short term impact should come through ambitious spending programs driven by lamb and essay revenue from the tax. A $2 billion a year Clean Energy Finance Corporation, run by an independent board of energy and investment experts, should kick-start investment in large scale clean technologies, and in improving our substandard industry energy efficiency and ‘clean’ goods manufacturing. Some revenue will be spent buying out and shutting down about 2000 megawatts of the dirtiest coal power, including Hazelwood or Yallourn power stations in the Latrobe Valley. A Climate Change Authority, run by former Reserve Bank chairman Bernie Fraser, will make annual recommendations on Australia’s greenhouse targets, based on assessment of what is happening elsewhere. Treasury modelling suggest that Australia’s emissions will now rise slightly in eve essay, the years ahead, before starting to lamb and essay fall in a couple of decades. They will quickly be a lot lower than without a carbon price, and than most analyses of the Coalition’s ‘direct action’ policy, but Australia will only reach its targets by buying international carbon permits for a long time to come. Will we feel much pain ? (3,5)

So large are the compensation packages for households that a majority may be better off. Two thirds of scoring holistically households (6 million) will be fully compensated, about 4 million will be overcompensated, and lamb and essay, most petrol use is initially exempt. Average bills are expected to rise by $3.30/week for electricity, $1.50 for gas, S1.10 for food. Consumer prices will jump on new year eve essay average 0.7% in 2012-13, much less than the 2.5% increase after the GST. Compared with Howard’s GST, the lamb and essay, carbon tax is eve essay forecast to raise only lamb and essay, one sixth as much over its first three years; the GST also included generous compensation packages. Scoring Holistically! The income tax-free threshold will almost triple to $18,200 when the scheme starts, and incomes below $80,000 will get a tax cut. Employment will grow by around 1.6 million by 2020 and by a further 4.4 million by 2050 with or without a carbon tax. The impact on industry is cushioned by compensation of $9.2 billion over the first three years. Although petrol is initially excluded, heavy transport will start paying a carbon tax in 2014. The most polluting industries (steel, aluminium, zinc, paper) will at first get free emission permits worth 94.5% of their average carbon cost.

Coal mines will get $1.3billion, and and essay, surviving coal-fired power stations will get $5.5billion compensation, with other big packages for the steel industry, manufacturers and threatened communities. Agriculture is excluded, and there’s $1billion to help store carbon in the landscape (saving forests) and a similar amount to preserve biodiversity by restoring vegetation and ecosystems. More biodiverse ecosystems store more carbon more securely, and holistically, are more resilient to the impacts of lamb climate change. What other countries are doing : (1,3) Australia has long been perceived internationally as a top polluter and eve essay, a laggard on climate protection. In 2007 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change indicated that industrialized countries must reduce their emissions by lamb and essay 25-40% below 1990 levels by 2020 for the world to have a chance of staying below 2 degrees of new year eve essay global warming, rightly calling this the critical decade for and essay action. In the 1990s carbon and essays holistically, energy taxes were introduced in lamb, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Denmark – none came to ruin. Ralph Emerson Essay! The European Union has had a 30 country emissions trading scheme since 2005, with a 20% reduction target below 1990 levels by 2020. Before this Germany had passed a comparable eco-tax and protected it by using it to and essay lower industry superannuation contributions; it has cut emissions by 22%.

The UK has already cut its carbon emissions by 23% and phd thesis, aims to halve them by 2025. South Korea has an lamb and essay ETS and a 30% reduction target by 2020. Eve Essay! Many other countries and provinces have varying schemes in place. Despite our prime polluter status, we are pursuing a 5% reduction below 2000 levels by 2020, and and essay, have a long-term target of minus 80% by 2050. Resume On Time! Our mitigation effort and short-term target are among the weakest of all industrialized and lamb and essay, major industrializing nations. We are setting an example that says ‘It’s OK to go slow’, but the science says otherwise, and it is widely believed that success in description living room, avoiding environmental disaster depends on lamb and essay the rate at which we can cut emissions. Writing! By analogy, if you are trying to lose 30kg by Xmas, start now and you’ve got a chance; start on Dec 23 rd and lamb and essay, you’ll need surgery which will be very unpleasant and quite possibly lethal. Australia’s rate of emissions reduction needs to be a lot faster than 5% by 2020 to avoid crashing our economy in essays, the following decades. More optimistic predictions claim that if all nations did something like Australia, there’d be a 60% chance of lamb and essay limiting global temperature rise to 2 degrees, but this assumes no tipping point accelerates global warning in an unforeseen way. To argue that curbing Australian emissions will make no difference to global emissions is as silly as saying that paying personal income tax makes no difference to the nation’s budget.

Opposition to writing a carbon tax : (1) In this the defining political and moral issue of our times it is unfortunate that, rather than having the bipartisan support it deserves, it is embroiled in lamb, one man’s mission to become Prime Minister. Australian resource industry lobby groups and resume on time, conservative politicians have beaten up the carbon tax as a radical, painful measure; as Australia ‘going it alone…… ahead of the pack’, and our media bears some responsibility for perpetrating this deception. Much has been made of Gillard’s ‘lie’ or backflip – that she said before the election that she wouldn’t introduce a carbon tax. I guess she didn’t reckon on lamb being in description room, a minority government with the Greens, to lamb whom I for new year eve essay one am grateful. In any case, I have no problem with a leader who can change her mind in lamb and essay, response to changing circumstances that demand action. Certainly Abbott once supported a carbon tax but has changed his position to suit his agenda. Writing Courses! The Productivity Commission recently concluded that market pricing mechanisms are the and essay, best way to cut emissions at least cost – in contrast to a costly ‘picking winners’ approach, which the Coalition’s ‘direct action’ policy would perpetuate. Resume On Time! Market pricing mechanisms have the flexibility to take account of changing conditions and needs, domestically and globally. Even if the Coalition wins office and lamb and essay, is prepared to roll back the phd thesis, tax cuts, it is lamb and essay unlikely to have the waldo composition, numbers in the Senate to and essay dump carbon pricing. Turning around emissions growth this decade, then cutting greenhouse pollution by tafe courses 80% by 2020 would put Australia on the trajectory the world needs to avoid the catastrophic consequences of lamb and essay 4 degrees warming.

The next few years are critical, as the planet’s systems are poised on the brink of a man-made climate shock equivalent to the most devastating shifts nature has ever delivered on human civilization. The fate of the failed phd thesis, biosphere looks likely to and essay depend on pioneer countries that are willing to lead by example, and form sub-global alliances. For instance, Germany has embarked on a steep road towards complete decarbonisation of its economy by 2050. A recent Stockholm symposium attended by 20 Nobel laureates recommended that this serve as a role model for description room essay the world – so Australia, with its special vulnerability, could be part of such a venture. A meaningful, stronger carbon price would be an acclaimed step, also helping to create the structures which could become a global carbon market. There must be parallel developments promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy – Australia bathes in free sunshine. We would need to lamb take a diplomatic stance that shows we are serious; in closed ministerial meetings away from the public spotlight, and in the new progressive Cartagena Dialogue Group, Australia has so far been less progressive than the world needs it to be. True leadership would have many benefits, including a burgeoning green industry to help diversify our income base away from traditional resources, and remaining competitive in a world that will rapidly move away from dependency of fossil fuels. Christoff P and Eckersley R, A Soft Start on Carbon, The Age 11.7.

2011 Schellenhuber, HJ A Pioneer Role for Australia, The Age 11.7.11 The Age Editorials, 11.7.11 and 12.7.11 Morton A Gillard makes tentative steps towards a cleaner greener future, The Age 11.7.11 Martin P Economy will pay a small price: Treasury, The Age 11.7.11 Chandler J Good start, but only the failed phd thesis, beginning of decarbonizing the economy, The Age 11.7.11.