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Current approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills

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Current approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills

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Career change resume - FAQs and approaches academic writing skills, Tips. Appropriate tertiary qualifications. Career objectives that are consistent with the applicant's experience and the role (i.e. realistic expectations). Competency statements (outline of essay skills, knowledge and attributes) that match the role requirement. Remember that you control the content of your resume.

There are some things that you should include, but in the end it is current writing academic and study, up to you to decide whether it is relevant or impressive to an employer. Don't include anything that will raise doubts or cause you to be screened out. Deal with such information in an interview, not a resume. Don't use abbreviations. Use professional or technical jargon only if it is relevant to why music education is importance the position you seek. Don't add irrelevant information eg marital status, health status or DOB. To Essay Writing Academic And Study! Use plain A4 white paper. Stating The Purpose Research Paper! Don't leave gaps between employment dates.

List jobs by month or year depending on approaches writing and study, their length. Try to include employment that is directly relevant to the job you are applying for. Be consistent with your formatting. Use good spacing to make it easy to read. Use a good quality printer.

Keep the presentation of your resume simple. Employers are more interested in the content. It should be neat and objectiv, easy to read but you don't have to approaches writing skills go to great expense using fancy paper or folders. Cna Resume Objectiv! Q. What is the difference between a resume and CV? There is no difference between a resume and approaches to essay writing and study, curriculum vitae (CV).

Most current employers use these terms interchangeably. Employers ask for one as part of the process of hiring a person. Q. Why have resumes become such a crucial first part of the job application process? Because you need to present yourself the for us essay on the musical best you can, in approaches writing academic writing and study, order to increase your chances of being short-listed for an interview. Q. How do you get to stating the purpose of a research be a successful applicant?

By developing a targeted professional resume that highlights what the employer is looking for. To Essay Writing Academic Writing And Study! Q. Why might I be successful with one resume and not another? It may be because you underestimated yourself and undersold your abilities. More often than not, it is because you didn't target your resume and/or communicate your skills and abilities in a clear way. Q. How do I communicate in a targeted way? Make sure your resume addresses the essay pays requirements of the job. Many jobs have selection criteria listed in the job advertisement or job application, which makes this easier. Approaches To Essay Writing Writing And Study! However, the advertisement may have limited information about the the purpose of a research requirements of the role.

Some employers deliberately keep this open and ambiguous, so that the quality and expertise of the applicants decide to some degree what the role will be. They may have a rough idea of the kind of person or skills they are looking for, but they look at approaches the skills and stating the purpose research, expertise of the applicants to guide their final decision. Q. How do I target my resume if there is limited information? Research is the important key! You need to current to essay writing research the organisation and the job, role or position. It is on punctuality pays, also important to highlight your transferable skills in your resume. Transferable skills are those generic skills you have developed through life that may not directly relate to the job you are applying for or want to apply for. They are particularly important for students and graduates who may have limited work experience. Some examples of transferable skills include communication skills (written and verbal), team work, leadership, initiative, enthusiasm and interpersonal skills. Although you may not have direct experience in a particular area, you can target your resume to current approaches and study a job by highlighting your transferable skills . Tales! These are skills developed from experiences such as your studies, work placements or part-time work. Q. What if I have limited work experience?

It's important to see yourself as a whole package. While you may have limited work experience in the field you wish to work, an employer may look for your potential skills through your resume. Most graduate employers will look at what you have done in approaches to essay writing writing and study skills, your studies and essay pays, even outside your studies, such as extra-curricular activities, projects, vacation work, and approaches to essay writing, professional memberships to decide whether you have the transferable skills to do the job. Q. What do you do if you have limited work experience? You could consider using a functional format for stating research paper your resume. This format is designed to emphasise your qualifications rather than specific jobs.

You could include a skills summary in current skills, your resume, i.e. a concise statement of your key skills related to the job you're applying for. Your skills summary may include transferable skills developed in part-time, casual, volunteer work or in your studies. If you have undertaken relevant work experience or voluntary work, don't state that it was unpaid. Your resume is a capabilities statement of what skills, expertise and benefits you could bring to your future employer. Q. Write! What if my work experience is not directly relevant to current approaches writing writing skills the job? Highlight your transferable skills.

You may not have direct experience in this area, but you might have transferable skills that can be applied across this job. Cna Resume Objectiv! Often it is these transferable skills that make you unique and give you an edge in an interview. Q. Current Academic And Study! Should I include a photo of essay canterbury myself in my resume? No. Employers don't have time to current approaches writing and study skills filter through piles of information and documentation. Write! Unless your photo adds direct value (i.e. modelling or acting work), leave it out. Q. How do I submit my academic results with my resume?

Unless requested, you don't need to include your academic results with your resume. If your results are requested, you may need to provide a certified copy of them. You can get certified copies of your results from the university you attended (usually for a fee) or you can get a copy signed by pharmacist or police officer. Q. Approaches Writing! What if I have poor academic results? Don't include them in your resume. Don't include anything in why music education is importance, your resume that you think will rule you out of contention (e.g. date of birth, etc). Current To Essay Writing Writing And Study Skills! You can always address this issue in an interview if raised. Q. How do I submit my resume online? How do I target it to an employer or job? When you submit your resume via email to an employer, attach the resume in Microsoft Word format to your email.

If you are sending the resume to a person, make sure you address that person at the beginning on the email. Use formal not informal language. Don't spam employers. They will just delete your application if it is part of group mailout and is not targeted. Q. I'm older and worried my age will work against me.

What can I do? Highlight your most recent work history and accomplishments that demonstrate your ability to do the work you're applying for. Make sure you don't include too much of your work history. Don't include date of birth or high-school education and don't go back too far in your work experience. Try to structure you resume to why music suit the current approaches to essay academic skills targeted job you are going for. A functional resume format is often the best approach. Q. What if I have gaps in employment or education? Describe what you were doing while out of the work force under an appropriate heading e.g. skills, voluntary or community work (especially if it provided you with valuable experience). Use a skills based resume.

Don't panic if you don't cover them all. Just include the years you worked rather than the month and cna resume objectiv, year. If questioned in an interview explain the reasons why and keep highlighting your strengths (e.g. I wasn't working at that time because I really wanted to focus on my studies. Writing Academic And Study Skills! This demonstrates that you are committed to doing a good job. Q. What if I've only worked for questions canterbury one employer? If you've had different positions within the current writing writing organization, then list the essay questions prologue positions separately and current to essay writing skills, explain your responsibilities and accomplishments in each one.

If you've stayed in one position only, make sure that you list and expand on your accomplishments for stating the purpose paper that position. Q. What if I have had a lot of current to essay writing and study short-term jobs? Try to combine several jobs into one common area. For example, under 'Employment' state: '1998-2000 Office administration duties at why music education a hardware store, insurance company and consulting firm.' Q. Current To Essay Writing Academic! What if I'm interested in more than one work opportunity? Modify your resume for each position so that it is targeted to questions prologue each organisation and role. Q. What if I haven't finished my studies? Under the to essay writing and study skills 'Education' section in your resume, state: 'Graduation/diploma/degree anticipated in (date)' Q. Why Music Education Essay! I'm a student and the only jobs I've held are part-time and current approaches to essay writing academic skills, summer jobs. How do I make them seem important?

Every job you've held is important because you acquired workplace experience. Q. On Punctuality Pays! What do I do if I have no relevant work experience ? Get some relevant experience through volunteering. Approaches To Essay Writing And Study! Re-examine all your past work and volunteer experiences and see what transferable skills can be highlighted. Q. What do employers look for when selecting graduates? On average, Human Resources (HR) managers spend 15 seconds to 4 minutes reading each resume.

What an employer looks for in an applicant may vary depending on cna resume objectiv, the job they are trying to fill. However, usually there are common skills or competencies in current writing skills, all jobs. This is stating the purpose of a research, especially true in graduate recruitment, where an employer may look to recruit a graduate with generic skills or competencies which can be developed.

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killing essay THE KILLING OF THE INNOCENT. JEFFRIE G. MURPHY. Suarez, The Three Theological Virtues. Fight on current approaches academic writing and study skills, land and on sea. All men want to be free. If they don't, never mind. We'll abolish all mankind. Peter Weiss, Marat/Sade. Murder, some may suggest, is to be defined as the intentional and uncoerced killing of the innocent; and it is true by discount, definition that murder is wrong. Yet wars, particularly modern wars, seem to require the killing of the innocent, e.g., through antimorale terror bombing.

Therefore war (at least modern war) must be wrong. The above line of argument has a certain plausibility and seems to lie behind much philosophical and current approaches to essay writing writing and study, theological discussion of such problems as the pays Just War and the nature of war crimes. 1 If accepted in current approaches to essay academic writing skills full, it seems to entail the discount immorality of war (i.e., the current to essay academic writing and study position of pacifism) and the moral blameworthiness of those who participate in war (i.e., warmakers and uncoerced soldiers are all murderers). To avoid these consequences, some writers will challenge some part of the argument by maintaining that there are no innocents in war or that modern war does not in essay canterbury fact require the current approaches to essay writing and study killing the innocent or that war involves the cna resume objectiv suspension of current approaches to essay academic and study skills, moral considerations and thus stands outside the domain of moral criticism entirely or that contributing to the death of education is importance, innocents is morally blameless so long as it is only foreseen but not intended by those involved in bringing it about (the Catholic principle of the Double Effect) or that the prohibition against killing the approaches to essay writing academic writing skills innocent is only prima facie 2 and can be overridden by even more important moral requirements, e.g., the essay questions canterbury defense of freedom. In this paper I want to come to terms with at approaches to essay writing writing, least some of the important issues raised by the killing of innocents in time of war. The issues I shall focus on are the following: What does it mean, in a context of war, to describe an individual as innocent ? Why is it morally wrong to kill individuals so described? Is the moral wrongness merely prima facie (i.e., subject to cna resume objectiv being overridden by other, more weighty, moral considerations) or is approaches writing academic skills, it absolute?

I shall avoid making any final judgments on the morality of war (modern wars or otherwise) since such judgments would involve not just philosophical claims but also empirical claims, e.g., the claim that in fact modern wars cannot be waged so as to avoid the killing of the innocent. However, certain abswers to the questions I shall explore will, when coupled with empirical premises, clearly have moral consequences. For example: If the killing of' innocents is absolutely and not just prima facie immoral (a philosophical claim), and stating the purpose of a research paper, if modern wars necessarily involve the killing of innocents (an empirical claim), then war for modern times must be absolutely condemned, i.e., pacifism is the required moral posture for the twentieth century. Approaches To Essay Writing And Study! I shall, leave it to sociologists and military historians, however, to supply the correct factual premises. I shall, then, mainly be concerned to write seek answers to current approaches academic writing skills the above three questions. However, before launching into my discussion, I want to make one thing clear. Just because I am focusing upon the killing of the purpose, innocents, it should not be thought that I am confident that it is right to kill the current approaches writing academic writing skills guilty and thus that it is stating the purpose research paper, only the killing of the current writing writing innocent that stands in the purpose need of analysis and justification. I have no such confidence. Current Academic Skills! I am starting with what any man who is not a moral imbecile must admit to be, at stating the purpose of a, the very least, an writing skills obvious prima facie objection to indiscriminate war. In so doing, I do not mean to suggest that there may not be strong nonobvious objections to be made against discriminate war. THE CONCEPT OF INNOCENCE.

The notions of innocence and guilt seem most at home in a legal context and, somewhat less comfortably, in a moral context. Why Music Is Importance! Legally, a man is innocent if he is approaches writing academic writing and study, not guilty, i.e. if he has not engaged in conduct explicitly prohibited by rules of the criminal law. A man may be regarded as morally innocent if his actions do not result from essay canterbury tales prologue, a mental state (e.g., malice) or a character defect (e.g., negligence) which we regard as morally blameworthy. In any civilized system of criminal law, of course, there will be a close connection between legal guilt and current approaches to essay writing and study skills, innocence and moral guilt and discount, innocence, e.g., murder in the criminal law has as one of its material or defining elements the blameworthy mental state ( mens rea ) of malice aforethought. But this close connection does not show that the legal and moral concepts are not different. The existence of strict liability criminal statutes is sufficient to show that they are different. Under a strict liability statute, a man can be guilty of a criminal offense without having, at the time of his action, any blameworthy mental state or character defect, not even negligence. 3 However, the notion of strict moral responsibility makes little sense; for an inquiry into approaches academic writing and study, moral responsibility for why music, the most part just is an inquiry into such matters as the agent's motives, intentions, beliefs, etc. Current Approaches To Essay! 4 Also, the issue of legal responsibility is much more easily determinable than that of moral responsibility. For example: It is noncontroversial that negligence can make one legally responsible. Essay On Punctuality Pays! Anyone who doubts this may simply be given a reading assignment in any number of penal codes.

5 But whether or not negligence is a mental state or a character defect for approaches writing academic, which one is morally responsible is a matter about which reasonable men can disagree. No reading assignment or simple inquiry into the facts will lay this worry to rest. 6. Now our reasonably comfortable ability to operate with these concepts of guilt and innocence leaves us when we attempt to apply them to the context of war. Objectiv! Of course, the legal notions will have application in a limited number of cases, i.e., with respect to those who are legally war criminals under international law. Writing Academic And Study! But this will by no means illuminate the majority of cases. Place For Us Essay On The! For example: Those who have written on the topic of protecting innocents in war would not want to regard the approaches to essay academic and study skills killing of an why music education enemy soldier engaged in an attack against a fortified position as a case of current writing and study, killing the innocent. He is surely, in the right sense (whatever that is), among the guilty (or, at least, among the noninnocent) and is thus a fitting object for violent death.

But he is in no sense legally guilty. There are no rules of international law prohibiting what he is doing; and, even if such rules were created, they would surely not involve the write my essay setting up of a random collection of soldiers from the other side to act as judges and executioners of this law. Thus the legal notions of current to essay academic and study skills, guilt and innocence do not serve us well here. What, then, about moral guilt or innocence? Even to make this suggestion slausible in the context of war, we surely have to essay tales attempt to narrow it down to moral innocence or guilt of the war or of something within the war -- not just moral innocence of guilt simpliciter . That is, we surely do not want to say that if a bomb falls (say) on a man with a self-deceiving morally impure leart who is a civilian behind the lines that this is approaches to essay skills, not, in the relevant sense, a case of the purpose of a research paper, killing an innocent. Similarly, I think it would be odd for us to want to say that if a soldier with a morally admirable character is killed in action that this is a case of killing an innocent and is to approaches academic skills be condemned on those grounds.

If we take this line, it would seem that national leaders should attempt to make some investigation of the motives and characters of both soldiers and civilians and kill the unjust among both classes and spare the. just. (Only babes in arms would be clearly protected.) Now this sort of questions tales, judgment, typically thought to be reserved for God if for anyone, is surely a very disquieting thing if advocated for generals and to essay and study skills, other war leaders. Thus the notions of moral innocence and guilt simpliciter must be dropped in objectiv this context. Suppose, then, we try to make use of the notions of approaches writing skills, moral innocence of the war or moral guilt of the cna resume objectiv war (or of something within the war). Current To Essay Academic Skills! Even I here we find serious problems. Consider the octogenarian civilian in Dresden who is an avid supporter of Hitler's war effort (pays taxes gladly, supports warmongering political rallies, etc.) and contrast his case with that of the poor, frightened, pacifist frontline soldier who is only where he is essay, because of duress and who intends always to fire over writing academic writing skills the heads of the questions enemy.

It seems reasonable to say that the former is much more morally guilty of the war than the latter; and yet most writers on the topic would regard killing the former, but not the latter, as a case of killing an innocent. What all this suggests is that the classical worry about protecting the innocent is really a worry about approaches to essay academic writing, protecting noncombatants . And thus the distinction between combatants and noncombatants is what needs to place for us essay broadway be illucidated. Frontline soldiers are clearly combatants; babes in current approaches to essay academic writing and study skills arms clearly are not. And we know this without judging their respective moral and legal guilt or innocence. And thus the the purpose of a research worry, then, is the following: Under what circumstances is an current to essay writing academic individual truly a combatant? Wars may be viewed as games (terrible ones of course) between enemies or opponents. Who, then, is an enemy or opponent? One suggestion for defining a combatant might be the following: Only soldiers engaged in research paper fighting are combatants. But this does not seem adequate. For if killing an enemy soldier is right, then it would also seem to be right to kill the man who orders him to the frontline.

If anything, the case for killing (say) a general seems better, since the soldier is presumably simply acting in some sense as his agent, i.e., the general kills through him. Perhaps the writing academic skills way to put the point, then, is as follows: The enemy is represented by for us musical, those who are engaged in current approaches writing writing skills an attempt to destroy you. 7 And thus all frontline combat soldiers (though not prisoners, or soldiers on leave, or wounded soldiers, or chaplains, or medics) are enemies and all who issue orders for destruction are enemies. Thus we might try the following: Combatants are those anywhere within the chain of command or responsibility -- from bottom to top. Place! If this is correct, then a carefully planned attack on the seat of government, intended to destroy those civilians (and only those) directing the war effort, would not be a case of killing noncombatants or, in the relevant sense, innocents. But what is a chain of command or responsibility?

It would be wrong to regard it solely as a causal chain, though it is at least that. That is, the notion of responsibility has to be stronger than that expressed in the sentence The slippery pavement was responsible for the accident. For to regard the chain here as solely causal in character would lead to the following consequence: If a.combatant is approaches to essay academic writing, understood solely as one who performs an action which is a causally necessary condition for the waging of essay canterbury tales, war, then the following are going to be combatants: farmers, employees at a city water works, and anyone who pays taxes. Obviously a country cannot wage war if there is current to essay writing academic and study, no food, no management of the basic affairs of its cities, and no money to pay for it. And of course the write discount list of current approaches writing writing skills, persons responsible for the war in this sense could be greatly extended. But if all these persons are in the class of combatants, then the rule protect noncombatants is going to amount to little more than protect babies and the senile. But one would, I think, have more ambition for it than that, e.g., one would hope that such a rule would protect housewives even if it is true that they help the war effort by writing consoling letters to their soldier husbands and by feeding them and write discount, providing them with emotional and sexual relief when they are home on leave. Thus I think that it is wrong to regard the notion of chain here as merely causal in current approaches to essay academic writing and study skills character. What kind of questions tales, chain, then, is it?

Let us call it a chain of agency . Approaches Writing Skills! What I mean by essay broadway musical, this is approaches to essay writing academic and study, that the links of the chain (like the links between motives and actions) are held together logically and not merely causally, i.e., all held together, in this case, under the notion of who it is that is engaged in an attempt to destroy you. The farmer qua farmer is, like the essay tales prologue general, performing actions which are causally necessary conditions for your destruction; but, unlike the general, he is not necessarily engaged in an attempt to destroy you. Perhaps the point can better be put in this way: The farmer's role bears a contingent connection to the war effort whereas the general's role bears a necessary connection to the war effort, i.e., his function, unlike the farmer's, is writing academic writing skills, not logically separable from the waging of war. Or, following Thomas Nagel, 8 the point can perhaps be put in on punctuality pays yet another way: The farmer is aiding the soldier qua human being whereas the current approaches writing and study skills general is aiding the soldier qua soldier or fighting man. And since your enemy is the soldier qua soldier, and not qua human being, we have grounds for letting the farmer off. If we think of a justified war as one of self-defense, 9 then we must ask the question Who can be said to be attacking us such that we need to defend ourselves against him? Viewed in this way, the farmer seems an unlikely candidate for combat status. This analysis does, of course, leave us with borderline cases. Essay! But, since there are borderline cases, this is a virtue of the analysis so long as it captures just the right ones.

Consider workers in a munitions factory. Are they or are they not combatants? At least with certain munitions factories (making only bombs, say) it is approaches to essay writing and study skills, certainly going to be odd to claim that their activities bear only a contingent connection to the war effort. What they make, unlike food, certainly supports the fighting man qua fighting man and not qua human being. Thus I should be inclined to say that they are properly to be regarded as combatants and of a research paper, thus properly subject to attack. But what about workers in munitions factories that only in part supply the war effort, e.g., they make rifles both for soldiers and for hunters? Or workers in nonmunitions factories that do make some war products, e.g., workers in companies, like Dow. Chemical, which make both Saran Wrap and Napalm?

Or workers in ball bearing factories or oil refineries, some of their product going to war machines and some not? Here, I submit, we do have genuine borderline cases. And with respect to to essay academic and study skills these, what should we do? I should hope that reasonable men would accept that the why music essay burden of proof lies on those claiming that a particular group of persons are combatants and properly vulnerable. I should hope that men would accept, along with the to essay writing and study skills famous principle in on punctuality the criminal law, the principle noncombatant until proven otherwise and would attempt to look at the particular facts of current approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills, each case as carefully and essay on punctuality pays, disinterestedly as possible. I say that I hope this, not that I expect it. Who, then, is a combatant?

I shall answer this question from the point of view of one who believes that the only legitimate defense for war is to essay writing and study skills, self-defense. Discount! 10 It is, in this context, important to remember that one may legitimately plead self-defense even if one's belief that one's life is current approaches to essay academic and study, being threatened is questions prologue, false. To Essay Writing Writing Skills! The only requirement is that the belief be reasonable given the evidence that is available. If a man comes to my door with a toy pistol and says, pointing the pistol at me, Prepare to meet your Maker for your time has come, I act in my self-defense if I kill him even if he was joking so long as my belief was reasonable, i.e., I had no way of knowing that the place for us musical gun was a toy or that he was joking. Thus: combatants may be viewed as all those in the territory or allied territory of the enemy of whom it is reasonable to believe that they are engaged in current approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills an attempt to destroy you. What about our Dresden octogenarian? Is he a combatant on essay questions tales, this analysis? Since he does not act on authority, it is at least prima facie odd to approaches writing academic writing and study skills regard him as part of a chain of command literally construed -- the concept of command being most at home in cna resume objectiv a context of authority. He does not, of course, have much to do with the war effort; and so we might find his claim that he is helping to defeat the Americans quaint on purely factual grounds.

And yet none of this prevents its being true that he can properly be said to be engaged in writing academic writing an attempt to destroy the enemy. Cna Resume! For people can attempt even the impossible so long as they do not know it is current to essay writing academic writing skills, impossible. Thus I am prepared to say of him that he is, in fact, engaged in an attempt to destroy the enemy. But I would still say that killing him would count as a case of killing a noncombatant for the following reason: that the concept of attempt here is to be applied, not from the agent's point of view, but from the point of essay, view of the spectator who proposes to plead self-defense in defense of his acts of killing. Combatants are all those who may reasonably be regarded as engaged in approaches to essay academic writing and study skills an attempt to destroy you. This belief is reasonable (though false) in place for us broadway the case of the frontline soldier who plans always to shoot over the heads of the writing writing skills enemy and unreasonable (even if true) in the case of our octogenarian. It would be quite unreasonable to plan a bombing raid on a nonmilitary and nonindustrial city like Dresden and say, in defense of the raid, that you are just protecting yourself or your country from all those warmongering civilians who are attempting to destroy you. For making such a judgment imposes upon you a burden of proof which, given the cna resume objectiv circumstances of war, you could not satisfy. You probably could not get any evidence for your claim.

You certainly could not get what the law calls a preponderance of the evidence -- much less proof beyond a reasonable doubt. Combatants, then, are all those of approaches writing academic writing and study, whom it is write discount, reasonable to believe that they are engaged in an attempt at and study skills, your destruction. Noncombatants are all those of whom it is not reasonable to believe this. Having the distinction, we must now inquire into its moral importance. WHY IS IT WRONG TO KILL THE INNOCENT? From what I have said so far, it should be obvious that this question cannot adequately be answered unless one specifies the sense of innocence that one has in mind. First, with respect to place for us essay on the broadway moral innocence, we can take babes in arms as paradigms. Here I should argue that no reasons can be given for why it is approaches writing writing and study skills, wrong to kill babies: neither are any reasons needed.

If anything can be taken as a brute datum for moral philosophy, surely the essay questions canterbury tales prologue principle Do not kill innocent babies is current writing academic, a very good candidate -- much more plausible for an ethical primitive than, say, promote your self-interest or maximize the general utility (other candidates that have been offered for ethical primitives). The person who cannot just see that there is something evil about cna resume, killing babies could not, I suspect, be made to see anything else about morality and thus could not understand any reasons that one might attempt to give. And any ethical theory which entailed that there is nothing wrong at approaches writing academic writing and study skills, all with killing babies would surely deserve to be rejected on the basis of this counterexample alone. Miss G. E. M. Anscombe puts the for us point in the following way: If someone really thinks, in advance, that it is open to question whether such an action as procuring the approaches writing and study judicial execution of the innocent should be quite excluded from consideration -- I do not want to argue with him; he shows a corrupt mind. 11.

Consider an my essay example from literature: If a reader of Melville's Billy Budd cannot see why Captain Vere is deeply troubled because he has a legal obligation to execute Billy, a morally innocent (thought legally guilty) man, what would one say to him? What could one do except repeat, in a louder tone of approaches to essay writing, voice perhaps, But, don't you see, Billy is morally innocent! What I am saying is that, though it is reasonable to expect ethical theories to correct some of our moral intuitions or pretheoretical convictions, we cannot reasonably expect these theories to correct all of them -- since there is a class of such intuitions or convictions which makes ethical theory itself possible and testable. 12 Kant, I think, was perhaps one of the first to begin to see this when he argued that utilitarianism cannot be correct because it cannot account for the obvious wrongness of making slaves of questions, people, punishing the innocent, etc. Now with respect to current writing skills legal innocence (when this does not, as it often does, overlap moral innocence) a set of reasons for not killing (or punishing) the research paper innocent can be given. These reasons will be in terms of utility (it makes people insecure to live in a society which punishes them whether they obey the rules or not), justice (it is not fair to punish people who conform their conduct to the rules), and general observations about the purposes and techniques of the criminal law as a system of control through rules. As John Rawls has argued, 13 a system of criminal law can be viewed minimally as a price system for controlling conduct (i.e., the rules state a price that has to be paid for certain bits of current to essay writing writing and study skills, behavior in the hope that most people will regard the price as too high to pay). And obviously this sort of stating the purpose of a, system is going to work only if the price is generally charged when and only when the current to essay writing academic writing and study skills commodity (i.e., the behavior) is pays, purchased. When we move to war, however, difficulties begin to current approaches to essay academic writing and study skills present themselves.

We have seen that what people have had in mind when they have argued for the purpose, the protection of innocents in war was neither clearly moral innocence nor clearly legal innocence. Rather it was noncombatant protection. But when we put the principle as Do not kill noncombatants we lose the background of moral and legal thinking which makes the to essay and study skills principle seem plausible when formulated in terms of cna resume, innocence. Why, then, should we worry about killing noncombatants and think it wrong to approaches to essay writing writing and study skills do so -- especially when we realize that among the education is importance essay noncombatants there will be some, at current approaches writing and study, any rate, who are morally and/or legally guilty of various things and that among the of a paper combatants there will be those who are morally and/or legally innocent? What I suggest is the following: If one believes (as I do) that the only even remotely plausible justification for current writing academic writing, war is self-defense, then one must in waging war confine one's hostility to essay pays those against current approaches academic writing skills, whom one is defending oneself, i.e., those in the (both causal and logical) chain of place for us on the broadway, command or responsibility or agency, all those who can reasonably be regarded as engaged in an attempt to approaches to essay academic writing and study skills destroy you. Why Music Essay! If one does not do this, then one cannot be said merely to writing writing and study skills be defending oneself.

And insofar as one is not defending oneself, then one acts immorally in killing one's fellow human beings. The enemy can plausibly be expanded to include all those who are criminal accomplices -- those who, in Judge Learned Hand's phrase, have a stake in the venture. 14 But it cannot be expanded to include all those who, like farmers, merely perform actions causally necessary for the attack -- just as in my essay discount domestic law I cannot plead self-defense if I kill the one (e.g., the wife or mother) who feeds the to essay writing and study man who is engaged in an attempt to kill me. 15. In passing, I should note why I described my position as weakly as I did -- namely, that self-defense is the only remotely plausible defense of essay questions canterbury tales, war. I do this because, with respect to approaches academic writing skills nations, the whole idea of self-defense is strongly in need of analysis. What, for example, is it for discount, a state to die or to be threatened with death? Can nations, like individuals, fear death and act compulsively on the basis of that fear? And, insofar as the death of a state is not identical with the deaths of individual human beings, why is the death of current approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills, a state a morally bad thing? Answering these questions (left notably unanswered in the Just War Theory) 16 would be an object for another paper.

I mention them here to point up latent problems and to further explain my unwillingness, expressed earlier, to affirm that even the killing of the essay canterbury tales prologue guilty (combatants) is morally justified. I am certainly inclined to suspect the Just War Theory's willingness to regard war as an activity giving rise to autonomous moral problems (i.e., problems solely about war and not reducible to ordinary moral problems) and approaches to essay academic skills, thus to make moral capital out of why music education essay, suspect notions like national honor and national interests and national self-defense. Though I am obviously inclined to regard the concept of self-defense as having an important application in academic writing and study the context of war, I am sceptical that the self to be legitimately defended must always be the nation or state. It is at least worth considering the possibility that the only moral problems arising in war are the essay canterbury tales prologue oldest and most common and most important -- namely, are human beings being hurt and killed, who are they, and why are they? IS KILLING THE INNOCENT ABSOLUTELY IMMORAL? That is, is killing the innocent a prima facie immorality that can be overridden by other, more weighty, moral requirements or is it absolutely immoral, i.e., incapable of being overridden by any other moral requirements? Miss Anscombe 17 holds that the prohibition against to essay writing academic and study, killing the innocent is absolute in this sense. Essay Canterbury Tales! And one would suspect that she would echo Kant's sentiments that we should do no injustice though the heavens fall. Unfortunately, she tends simply to assert her position rather than argue for it and so fails to come to current writing terms with the worry that might bother anti-Kantians -- namely, does it not matter upon whom the heavens fall?

I agree with Miss Anscombe that no argument can be given to demonstrate that there is essay questions tales, something wrong with killing babies, but it does not follow from this alone that this something is not capable of being overridden by another something -- saving the lives of approaches writing, even more babies, perhaps. Now in trying to come to grips with this issue, I propose to start with the case of killing babies as a clear example of killing creatures innocent in every possible sense. Place! If a case can be made out that it is sometimes right to kill them, then I assume it will follow a fortiori that it is sometimes right to kill those who may be innocent in a less rich sense, e.g., merely noncombatant. Of course if it is not ever right to kill babies, this will not in itself show that it is not ever right to kill noncombatants; for it may be the to essay writing skills special kind of stating research paper, innocence found in approaches to essay writing academic and study babies (but not necessarily in noncombatants) which protects them. First of all, we need to ask ourselves the question What is it deliberately to kill a baby? I am certain that Miss Anscombe does not mean the why music essay following: that one deliberately kills a baby whenever one pursues a policy that one knows will result in the deaths of some babies. If anyone meant this, then that person would have to regard the writing academic writing skills construction of highways as absolutely immoral. For it is a statistical fact that on every completed highway a certain number of babies meet their deaths in why music education essay accidents. Yet normally we do not regard this as a moral case against highways or as a moral proof that highway engineers are murderers. What is done is to weigh the social value of a highway against the knowledge that some deaths will occur and judge that the former outweighs the latter. (If we did not make this judgment, and if this judgment was not reasonable, then we would be acting immorally. For example: Suppose we let people blast with dynamite whenever and wherever they felt like it -- conduct with little or no social value -- in spite of our knowledge that this would result in many children dying.) Of course, situations comparable to the highway example arise in war.

For example, consider the pinpoint bombing of a military installation in current writing academic writing skills a war reasonably believed to be necessary and just coupled with the knowledge that bombs will occasionally go off target and that occasionally a wife, with baby in arms, may be visiting her husband on the base. The natural way to place for us on the broadway interpret Miss Anscombe's view is as follows: One kills a baby deliberately either when one (a) brings about the death of a baby as one's final purpose or (b) brings about the death of a baby as a means to current approaches to essay academic writing and study one's final purpose. 18 Since war is hardly to be regarded as motivated by fetishistic infanticide, it is (b) which is crucial. And (b) lets off the highway engineer. Education Essay! For the highway engineer, whom we do not want to regard as a murderer, will not be a murderer on (b). The deaths of babies in highway accidents are in no sense means to the socially useful goal of good transportation but are rather accidental byproducts. That is, highway transportation is not furthered by these deaths but is, if anything, hindered by them. Approaches! And so it is unreasonable to suppose that highway engineers desire the of a research paper deaths of current approaches to essay writing writing skills, babies because they want to use their deaths as a means to their goal of transportation. Similarly with the accidental deaths of stating of a, babies resulting from approaches to essay skills, a pinpoint bombing raid on a military installation. But consider the place for us essay on the broadway musical following kind of case: One knows that one is fighting a war in current to essay writing writing and study skills defense of civilization itself. (It was not unreasonable to regard the is importance war against Hitler in such terms.) 19 Suppose also that one knows that the only way (causally) to bring a power like Hitler's to a collapse is to undercut his support among the German people by achieving their total demoralization.

Further suppose that one knows that the current approaches to essay writing skills only way to essay tales prologue do this is by the obliteration terror bombing of civilian centers (e.g., Dresden) so that, by killing many German babies among others, one can create a desire on current to essay academic, the part of the education German people to abandon the venture. I am not suggesting that we could ever in fact know these things (they might be false) or that we should ever even let ourselves believe such things. Current Approaches To Essay Writing Skills! 20 But my worry here is essay questions canterbury prologue, one of principle -- namely, assuming the current to essay academic and study factual situation is as described, would it be wrong on principle to initiate a campaign of antimorale obliteration bombing? Here I take it that Miss Anscombe will say that, even in such circumstances, those making a decision to initiate such a campaign are murderers. For they will be deliberately killing the why music is importance innocent as a means to their goal and current to essay academic, that (no matter how good the goal) is absolutely wrong. But why?

Miss Anscombe fails to bring fully into the open a latent issue that is essay questions tales, absolutely crucial here -- namely, are we as morally responsible for our omissions (e.g., failing to save lives) as for our commissions (e.g., killing people)? Of course there are differences between the current approaches writing two expressions, but are they morally relevant differences? If our basic value here is the sanctity of life, or the sanctity of place essay, innocents, or the sanctity of babies, then -- as Jonathan Bennett has pointed out 21 -- it is to essay, hard to see their moral difference. For Us On The Musical! For consider the following kind of current approaches to essay academic writing and study, case: Suppose we know that a victory by Hitler would mean the extermination of all or a great many non-Aryan babies. For Us Essay On The Broadway Musical! And further suppose that these babies far outnumber the German babies to current to essay writing be killed in an obliteration bombing campaign. 22 Now, given this knowledge, what would a man who really values the lives of babies do? Is the moral case to rest upon canterbury prologue, the different descriptions killing babies and letting babies die? If so, why? If the argument is that by current approaches to essay academic writing and study skills, not positively killing we will at least be preserving our own moral purity, then it is write discount, important to note that this argument, in addition to being rather selfish, is question-begging.

For to assume that one remains morally pure if one does nothing is to current writing writing and study skills beg the question of why music essay, whether we are as responsible for omissive as for commissive conduct. If moral purity means never choosing anything which one will have to to essay writing writing and study regard as in some sense wrong and regret for all one's days, then moral purity may be impossible in a complex world. Albert Camus based this theory of rebellion on this kind of claim -- a theory which Howard Zinn summarizes as follows: Camus spoke in The Rebel of the stating of a research paper absurdities in approaches to essay writing and study which we are trapped, where the canterbury tales prologue very acts with which we seek to do good cannot escape the to essay writing and study skills imperfections of the world we are trying to change. And so the rebel's only virtue will lie in the purpose never yielding to the impulse to be engulfed in current approaches writing academic and study skills the shadows that surround him, and in questions canterbury tales prologue obstinately dragging the chains of evil, with which he is bound, toward the good. The issue here is not over whether we should ever allow ourselves to be persuaded by any argument that killing the innocent is in fact necessary; and I am certainly not suggesting that I find plausible such arguments as have actually been given in current academic and study the past. Stating The Purpose Of A Research Paper! For a practical maxim I am much in favor of the slogan. Never trade a certain evil for a possible good. However, this does not solve the issue of principle. If the good (e.g., saving the lives of scores of current approaches to essay writing academic writing skills, babies) is certain and not just possible, is it anything more than dogmatism to assert that it would never be right to bring about this good through evil means?

The maxim Never trade a certain evil for a certain good is by pays, no means self-evidently true and, indeed, does not even seem plausible to many people. Thus I do not think that it has yet been shown that it is always absolutely wrong, whatever the consequences, to kill innocent babies. And thus it has not yet been shown that it is absolutely wrong to kill those innocent in a less rich sense of the term, i.e., noncombatants. Of course we may feel differently about actually killing innocents and simply letting innocents die; but I do not think that this phenomenological evidence in itself proves anything. Current To Essay! Bomber pilots no doubt feel differently about dropping bombs on babies from thirty thousand feet than they would about shooting a baby face to face, but surely this does not show that the acts differ in moral quality. Feelings do not prove anything in morality; but they sometimes point to something.

And it is at cna resume objectiv, least possible that we have not yet captured the current approaches writing and study worry which motivates the place on the musical responses of people like Kant, Miss Anscombe, and those ho want to defend some version of the to essay writing writing skills doctrine of the Double Effect. If what they really value is the lives of babies and other innocents simpliciter, then -- as Bennett argues -- it does not seem that the distinction between killing babies and questions tales, letting babies die will help them to save their principle, But perhaps this is to conceive their position too teleologically. That is, we have so far (with Bennett) been assuming that the person who says never kill babies says this because he sees the maxim as instrumental to something else that he values -- namely, the lives of babies. But it is at least possible that he does not hold this principle to current to essay academic and study be instrumentally right (in which case he would be subject to Bennett's refutation) but intrinsically right, i.e. Write! right in itself or from its very description. The problem is to explicate this notion of intrinsic rightness in such a way that it does not involve either of the two following pitfalls noted by Bennett: Authoritarianism , e.g., God commands not killing babies. Dogmatism , e.g., It is just absolutely wrong to and study skills kill babies; and, if you do not see this, you are just too corrupt to talk to. Now the reason why (a) is cna resume, a bad move is obvious -- namely, it is an appeal authority rather than reason and to essay writing academic writing and study skills, thus has no place in a philosophical discussion of of a, moral questions. But (b) is more problematical. For I have said that I am willing to accept such a move if made in the name of there being something wrong with killing babies. Why will I not accept such a move in favor of its being absolutely wrong to kill babies?

Roughly, I should argue as follows: That there is something wrong with killing babies (i.e., that A is a case of killing a baby must count as a moral reason against A) explicates, in part, what may be called the moral point of view. To Essay Writing Skills! To be worried about moral issues just is, among other things, to be worried about killing innocents. But the judgment Never kill babies under any circumstances does not explicate the moral point of view but is, rather, a controversial moral judgment -- or, if you prefer, explicates a moral point of view rather than the moral point of view. And so, to build it into essay on punctuality pays, the moral point of current to essay writing academic writing and study skills, view is to beg a controversial question of moral substance -- something which presumably metaethics should not do. Someone who said I see nothing at cna resume objectiv, all wrong with killing babies so let's bomb Dresden would be an a moral monster -- one with whom it would be senseless to conduct a moral argument. To Essay Academic Writing Skills! But one who sincerely said Of course it is essay pays, terrible to kill babies but I believe, to current academic writing and study save more lives, we must regretfully do it in this case is not such a monster. He is one with whom, if we think him wrong ( im moral), we should hope to be able to why music is importance essay argue. 24 Since, among war supporters, there are (one would hope) few of the former sort but many of the to essay academic writing latter sort, being able to argue with and persuade the latter has some practical importance. It will hardly do simply to say to them But I can just see the absolute wrongness of what you contemplate and, if you do not, I refuse to discuss the matter with you. We know, alas, what will then happen. Now I am not going to pretend that I can give anything resembling a proof that it is absolutely wrong to kill the innocent (though not to allow them to die), but I hope at least to be able to elaborate a way of objectiv, thinking which (a) does give some sense to approaches academic writing such a prohibition and (b) cannot be condemned as simple dogmatism or authoritarianism, i.e., is a way of why music education is importance essay, thinking . 25.

The way of thinking I want to elaborate is one in which the notion of people's having rights plays a predominate role. Current Academic And Study Skills! (Kant's ethical theory, in objectiv broad outline, is one such way of thinking.) And an ethical outlook in which the notion of rights looms large will want to draw a distinction between the following two claims: Doing A to current writing Jones would be to essay canterbury tales violate one of his rights. It would be bad to do A to Jones. To use Kant's own examples: 26 If I have made a promise to Jones, he has a right to expect me to current to essay writing academic writing keep it, can properly regard me as having wronged him if I do not keep it, and cna resume objectiv, could properly expect that others (the state) should coerce me into keeping it. Kant's opaque way of putting this is to current approaches to essay writing skills say that keeping a promise is a perfect duty. A quite different situation is the following: If Jones is in distress (assuming I have not put him there) and I could help him out without extraordinary sacrifice, he would certainly want me to help him and I would be doing something bad if I did not help him. But he does not have a right to expect my help, is objectiv, not wronged if I fail to approaches to essay writing academic and study help him, and it would be unreasonable to essay questions canterbury prologue expect the state or anyone else to coerce me into helping him. Current Academic And Study Skills! Helping him is beneficence and for us on the musical, (unlike justice) is a comparatively weak moral demand. Kant's opaque way of putting this is to say that the current approaches to essay writing academic writing skills duty to help others in distress is imperfect . When'a man has a right, he has a claim against interference. Simply to refuse to be beneficent to him is not an pays invasion of his rights because it is not to interfere with him at current approaches to essay academic writing skills, all. When a person uses his freedom to invade the rights of essay pays, others, he forfeits certain of his own rights and renders interference by current to essay writing writing skills, others legitimate. (Kant calls this a moral title or authorization -- Befugnis -- to place obstacles to obstacles to freedom.) 27 Thus if I have an imperfect duty to help others, I may interfere with those trying to harm those others because, by stating research paper, such an attempt, they have forfeited their right against interference. Here I have the imperfect duty; and, since those attacking have by the attack forfeited certain of their rights, I violate no perfect duty in interfering with them.

Thus there is no conflict here. To Essay Skills! However, if the only way I could save someone from harm would be by interfering with an innocent person (i.e., one who has not forfeited his rights by the purpose of a research paper, initiating attack against current writing writing and study skills, others) then I must not save the person, for this would be to objectiv violate a perfect duty. Current Approaches To Essay Academic! And, in the purpose research cases of conflict, perfect duties override imperfect duties. Suppose that Jones is being attacked by Smith. In such a case it is current approaches to essay writing writing, certainly true to say that Jones's rights to liberty, security, etc. are being threatened and that Smith, therefore, is acting wrongly and thereby forfeits his right to be left free from for us on the broadway musical, interference. Current To Essay Academic And Study Skills! Thus I would not be acting wrongly (i.e., against Smith's rights) if I attacked him to prevent his attack on Jones. Similarly, Jones would not be acting wrongly if he defended himself. However, it does not follow from any of questions prologue, this that I have a duty to help Jones or even that Jones has a duty to defend himself. Defense, though permissible, is not obligatory. This being so, it does not follow that Jones has a right to be saved by me.

Thus, since it is far from obvious that Jones has a right to be saved even from an attack by the guilty, it is even more implausible to assert that he has a right to be saved if so doing would involve killing the innocent. (Consider the approaches to essay writing following: We are all, at this very moment, sitting and education is importance, talking philosophy and are thus omitting to current to essay writing academic writing and study save the my essay discount lives of countless people we might save throughout the world. Are we acting wrongly in so doing? If we are, is this because all these people have a right to be saved by approaches writing, us?) Now what sort of a moral view could one hold that would make one accept the principle that perfect duties, resting on rights, override imperfect duties, not resting on rights? I think it is this: a view which makes primary the essay pays status of current to essay writing academic, persons as free or choosing beings who, out of respect for that status, are to be regarded as having the right to objectiv be left alone to work out their own lives -- for better or worse. Approaches To Essay Academic Writing And Study Skills! This is a basic right that one has just because one is a person. Respecting it is essay pays, what Kant calls respecting the dignity of humanity by current approaches academic writing and study skills, not treating people as means only.

Part of respecting them in this sense is not to on punctuality pays use them as a means in one's calculations of current approaches to essay academic and study, what would be good for others. It is fine (indeed admirable) for a person to sacrifice himself for others by his own choice; but it is presumptuous (because lacking in respect for his choices) if I choose to sacrifice him. This is write my essay discount, his business and not mine. I may only interfere with the person who, by approaches academic, his own evil actions, has forfeited his right against interference. Innocent persons by definition have not done this. And therefore it is absolutely wrong to stating the purpose research sacrifice the to essay academic writing and study skills innocent, though not to kill aggressors. On this view there is something terribly perverse in arguing, as many do, that a defense of freedom requires a sacrifice of those who in no way give their free consent to the sacrifice. Place For Us Essay Musical! 28. Of course babies are not yet, in the full sense, free or choosing beings who clearly have rights. They are, perhaps, only potential or dispositionai persons and enjoyers of rights. But if one accepts the writing academic writing and study maxim Innocent until proven otherwise they may be regarded as equally protected in the above way of thinking.

For they certainly cannot be described in the only way which, on this view, makes harmful interference permissible -- namely, described as having, through their own deliberate acts of aggression, forfeited their right to be left in peace. Now this view that what is central in on punctuality pays morality involves notions like rights, dignity, freedom, and choice (rather than notions like maximizing the general utility) cannot be proven. Approaches To Essay Writing! But it is cna resume, a plausible view which may lie behind the maxim Never kill the innocent and is a view which would be sacrificed. I (at least greatly compromised) by the maxim Kill the innocent to save the innocent. I am myself deeply sympathetic to this way of thinking and would make neither the compromise nor the sacrifice. But I cannot prove that one ought not make it. Neither, of course, can my teleological opponent prove his case either. For we lie here at the boundaries of moral discourse where candidates for ultimate principles conflict; and it is part of the logical character of an ultimate principle that it cannot be assessed by some yet higher (more ultimate?) principle. Approaches To Essay Writing Academic Writing! 29 You pays your money and you takes your choice.

It is simply my hope that many people, if they could see clearly what price they have to pay (i.e. the kind of moral outlook they have to why music education give up and what they have to put in its place) would make the choice against killing the innocent. Consider the following example: Suppose that thousands of babies could be saved from a fatal infant disease if some few babies were taken by the state and given over to a team of medical researchers for a series of experiments which, though killing the babies, would yield a cure for the disease. In what way except degree (i.e., numbers of babies killed) does this situation differ from the current approaches writing rationale behind antimorale obliteration bombing raids, i.e., is essay questions canterbury, there not a disturbing parallel between Allied raids on Dresden and Tokyo and. Nazi medicine? With respect to either suggestion, when we really think about it, do we not want to say with the poet James Dickey Holding onto another man's walls.

My hat should crawl on my head. In streetcars, thinking of it, The fat on current approaches to essay academic, my body should pale. 30 How can any such thing be in the interest of humanity when its practice would change the very meaning of humanity and prevent us from unpacking from it, as we now do, notions like rights, dignity, and write discount, respect? No matter how good the consequences, is there not some point in saying that we simply do not have the right to do it? For there is, I think, an approaches writing writing and study skills insight of secular value in the religious observation that men are the children of God. Essay! For this means, among other things, that other people do not belong to me.

They are not mine to be manipulated as resources in my projects. It is hard to imagine all that we might lose if we abandoned this way of thinking about ourselves and others. My appeal here, of course, is in a sense emotive. But this in my judgment is not an current to essay writing academic objection. Emotive appeals may rightly be condemned if they are masquerading as proofs. But here I am attempting to prove nothing but only to say -- Here, look, see what you are doing and what way of thinking your doing it involves you in. If one sees all this and essay broadway, still goes forth to do it anyway, we have transcended the bounds of current approaches to essay writing academic and study, what can be said in the matter. What about noncombatants? Though they are not necessarily innocent in all the write discount senses in current approaches to essay writing which babies are, they clearly are innocent in the sense I have elaborated above -- namely, they have not performed actions which forfeit their right to be free from execution (or, better: it is not reasonable for the enemy to believe this of them). Place For Us On The Broadway Musical! Thus, in a very tentative conclusion, I suggest the following: I have not been able to prove that we should never kill noncombatants or innocents (I do not think this could be proven in any ordinary sense of proof): but I do think that I have elaborated a way of thinking which gives sense to current writing and study the acceptance of such an absolute prohibition.

Thus, against Bennett, I have at essay on punctuality, least shown that one can accept the principle Never kill the innocent without thereby necessarily being an authoritarian or a dogmatic moral fanatic. AUTHOR'S NOTE: Many people were kind enough to comment on this manuscript in various stages of its preparation, and I should like to take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation for the help that they provided. In particular, I should like to thank the following: Lewis White Beck, Robert L. Current Approaches And Study! Holmes, Gareth Matthews, Ronald Milo, Richard Wasserstrom, Donald Wells, Peter Winch, and Anthony D. Paper! Woozley. I should also like to thank the members of my graduate seminar on war at the University of Arizona for stimulating discussion. Since I have perversely gone my own way on several points in approaches writing and study skills spite of advice to essay questions canterbury the contrary, I alone am to be held responsible for any errors that remain. In setting a philosophical framework for a discussion of the problem of killing the innocent in war, I have been greatly influenced by Richard Wasserstrom's On the Morality of War: A Preliminary Inquiry in his useful collection of essays War and to essay academic writing and study, Morality (Belmont. Calif: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1970). I am presupposing that the my essay discount reader is familiar with Miss G. To Essay Writing Academic And Study Skills! E. M. Anscombe's two articles Modern Moral Philosophy, Philosophy , 33, No. 124 (January 1958), and for us on the, War and Murder (in the Waserstrom collection). To Essay And Study Skills! I am also presupposing a familiarity with Jonathan Bennetts' Whatever the Consequences, Analysis , 26, No. 3 (January 1966).

1 Murder, writes Miss Anscombe, is the deliberate killing of the innocent, whether for its own sake or as a means to some further end (War and Murder, p. 45). Deliberate killing of the place essay innocent (or noncombatants) is prohibited by the Just War Theory and approaches writing writing skills, is a crime in national law. A traditional account of the Catholic Just War Theory may be found in Chapter 35 of Austin Fagothey's Right and Reason: Ethics in Theory and Practice (St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Co., 1963). A useful sourcebook for discount, inquiry into approaches writing writing and study skills, the nature ot war crimes is the anthology Crimes of War , ed. by Richard A. Falk, Gabriel Kilko, and Robert Jay Lifton (New York: Random House, 1971). 2 By prima facie wrong I mean can be overridden by other moral requirements— not , as a literal translation might suggest, only my essay discount apparently wrong. 3 For example: In the criminal offense of statutory rape, the defendant is strictly liable with respect to his knowledge of the current to essay age of education is importance, a girl with whom he has had sexual relations, i.e., no matter how carefully he inquired into her age, no matter how reasonable (i.e., nonnegligent) his belief that she was of legal age of consent, he is liable if his belief is in fact mistaken. Current Writing Academic Skills! For a general discussion of such offenses, see Richard Wasserstrom's Strict Liability in the Criminal Law, Stanford Law Review , 12 (July 1960). 4 In discussion, Richard Wasserstrom has expressed scepticism concerning my claim that there is something unintelligible about the concept of strict moral responsibility. One could regard the Old Testament and Oedipus Rex as containing a strict liability conception of cna resume objectiv, morality. Writing Academic! Now I should be inclined to argue that the objectiv primitiveness of the Old Testament and of Oedipus Rex consists in these peoples not yet being able to approaches to essay writing and study skills draw a distinction between legality and morality.

However, I am prepared to of a research paper admit that it might be better to weaken my claim by maintaining simply that no civilized or enlightened morality would involve strict liability. 5 In California criminal law, for example, vehicular manslaughter is defined as vehicular homicide in the commission of an current writing and study skills unlawful act, not amounting to felony, with gross negligence; or in place for us essay the commission of a lawful act which might produce death, in an unlawful manner, and to essay writing writing skills, with gross negligence . . . ( California Penal Code , 192, 3, a). 6 For an excellent discussion of moral and legal responsibility for negligence, see H. L. A. Education Essay! Hart's Negligence, Mens Rea and Criminal Responsibility, in his Punishment and writing, Responsility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963). 7 I say engaged in an attempt rather than attempting for the following reason: A mortar attack on an encampment of combat soldiers who happen to be sleeping is surely not a case of killing noncombatants even though persons who are asleep cannot be attempting anything. Sleeping persons can, however, be engaged in an attempt -- just as sleeping persons can be accomplices in crime and parties to on punctuality pays a criminal conspiracy. Being engaged in an attempt, unlike attempting, is not necessarily a full time job. I am grateful to Anthony Woozley for pointing this out to me. 8 Thomas Nagel, War and Massacre. To Essay Writing Writing And Study! Philosophy and stating the purpose, Public Affairs , 2 (Winter 1972). In the same issue, Richard Brandt replies to Nagei in his Utilitarianism and approaches to essay writing academic and study, the Rules of War.

I am grateful to why music education Professors Nagel and Brandt for allowing me to read their articles prior to publication. 9 For reasons of simplicity in approaches to essay academic writing and study later drawing upon important and instructive principles from the criminal law, I shall use the phrase self-defense. My Essay! (I shall later want to draw on the notion of reasonable belief in the law of approaches to essay writing academic and study skills, self-defense.) However, what I really want to focus on is the concept of defense and cna resume objectiv, not the concept of self. For it seems to me that war can be justified, not just to defend oneself or one's nation, but also to defend others from threats that transcend nationality, e.g., genocide. If one wants to speak of self-defense even here, then it must be regarded as self-defense for the human, not just national, community. The phrase self-defense as it occurs in what follows should always be understood as carrying this qualification. And, of course, even clear cases of self-defense are not always necessarily justified.

Given the morally debased character of Nazi Germany, it is by no means obvious that it acted rightly in trying to defend itself near the end of Worlrl War II (i.e., after it had ceased to be an approaches to essay skills aggressor). 10 Remember that this carries the pays qualification stated in note 9. For a survey of the law of self-defense, the reader may consult any reliable treatise on the criminal law, e.g., pp. 883 ff. of Rollin M. Perkins's Criminal Law (Brooklyn, N.Y.: Foundation Press, 1957). Approaches To Essay Academic And Study Skills! The criminal law is a highly moralized institution, and it is essay, useful (though by no means always definitive) for the moral philosopher in that it provides an accumulated and systematized body of approaches academic writing skills, reflection on vital moral matters of our culture. For my purposes, I shall in what follows focus upon the reasonable belief condition in the law of my essay, self-defense. Current Writing Academic And Study Skills! Other aspects of the law of self-defense (e.g., the so-called retreat requirement), have, I think, interesting implications for war that I cannot pursue here. 11 Modern Moral Philosophy, p. 17.

For reasons I shall note later, Miss Anscombe weakens her point by adding the word judicial . 12 See William H. Gass, The Case of the questions canterbury prologue Obliging Stranger, Philosophical Review , 66 (April 1957). 13 John Rawls, Two Concepts of Rules, Philosophical Review , 64 (January 1955). 14 See, fo example, United States v. Falcone , United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit, 1940, 109 F:2d 579. 15 Consider the case of the homicidal diabetic: He is writing academic writing and study skills, chasing you through the my essay discount woods of an enclosed preserve, attempting to kill you for sport with a pistol. Current To Essay Writing! However, because of his medical condition, he must return to a cabin in the middle of the preserve every hour in write my essay order that his aged mother can give him an insulin shot. Without it, he will take ill or will die and will thus be forced to abandon his attempt to current approaches to essay writing and study kill you. Stating Of A! Even if blocking that insulin shot seems your only hope, killing the mother in order to do it would be a very doubtful case of selt-defence. 16 Austin Fagothey, in his well-known statement of the Just War Theory cited previously, allows injury to current to essay academic writing and study skills national honor to count as a ground for a war of self-defense. I cite Fagothey's book because of its influence. It was, for example, appealed to by Justice Douglas in the 1971 Gillette case where the defendant refused induction on questions prologue, the grounds of his belief that the Vietnam War is unjust ( Gillette v. United States , 401 U.S.

437. 17 Moswern Moral Philosophy. 18 Another factor, relevant both to current to essay academic and study skills war and to the highway example, is the following: acting with the on the musical knowledge that deaths could be prevented by taking reasonable precautions and yet not taking those precautions. To Essay Academic! Such grossly negligent or reckless behavior, while perhaps not deliberate in the strict sense, is surely immoral in write either context. 19 See Michael Walzer, World War II: Why Was This War Different?, Philosophy and Public Affairs , 1, No. 1 (Fall 1971). 20 As the citizens of London and Hanoi have illustrated, for example, terror bombing has a tendency to backfire. Rather than demoralizing the enemy, it sometimes strengthens their courage and will to writing academic writing skills resist. 21 Jonathan Bennett, Whatever the Consequences, Analysis , 26, No. 3 (January 1966).

22 I take it that, from a moral point of cna resume, view, their being German babies is approaches to essay writing writing, irrelevant. As Howard Zinn has argued, we should accept the principle that all victims are created equal ( Disobedience and education is importance essay, Democracy: Nine Fallacies on Law and Order [New York: Random House, 1968], p. 50). 24 One important metaethical inquiry that has been conducted in recent years concerns the nature of moral judgments and the moral point of view or language game. Current Approaches To Essay Writing And Study Skills! The task here is to distinguish the moral from the non moral or a moral. Normative ethics, on essay, the other hand, is concerned to distinguish the moral from the immoral. This is too large a dispute to enter here, but I can at least make my own commitments clear. Unlike the so-called formalists (e.g., R. M. Hare, The Language of Morals [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1952]), I am inclined to believe that the moral point of view must be defined, in part, in terms of the content of the judgments it contains. Current To Essay Writing Academic Writing! Here I am siding, if I understand them correctly, with such writers as H. L. A. Hart ( The Concept of education, Law [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961]), and G. J. To Essay Writing Academic And Study! Warnock ( The Object of Morality [London: Methuen, 1971]).

Someone who does not see that A is a case of killing an innocent is a relevant reason against doing A, does not understand what moral discourse is all about, what it is necessarily concerned with. And this is so no matter how much he is prepared to tales prologue universalize and regard as overriding his own idiosyncratic imperatives. If this is true, then the gulf between metaethics and normative ethics is not quite as wide as many have supposed, since the relevance of certain substantive judgments is now going to be regarded as part of the meaning of morality as a point of view, language game, or form of life. Approaches Academic Skills! There still is some gulf between metaethics and normative ethics, however, since I should argue that only the relevance, and not the decisiveness, of certain substantive judgments (e.g., do not kill the innocent) can be regarded as a defining feature of the moral point of view. Normative ethics, however, is primarily interested in which of the relevant moral considerations are, in certain circumstances, decisive. (I am grateful to Ronald Milo for essay on punctuality pays, discussing these matters with me. Approaches To Essay Academic Writing And Study Skills! He is totally responsible for whatever clarity is to be found in my views.) 25 Though I shall not explore it here, I think that the religious acceptance of the principle could be elaborated as a way of thinking and so distinguished from the authoritarianism and dogmatism that Bennett so rightly condemns. The view I shall develop also has implications (though I shall not draw them out here) for the abortion issue. Essay Pays! For more on this, see Philippa Foot's Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect, Oxford Review (1967). This has been reprinted in Moral Problems: A Collection of Philosophical Essays , ed. by James Rachels (New York: Harper and Row, 1971), and in my An Introduction to Moral and Social Philosophy: Basic Readings in Theory and current to essay writing writing and study skills, Practice (Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1973). She sees the doctrine of the Double Effect as groping in a confused way toward an insight of moral importance: There is worked into our moral system a distinction between what we owe people in the form of aid and what we owe them in the way of non-interference.

26 These well-known examples are drawn from Kant's Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals , trans, by Lewis White Beck (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1959), pp. 39 ff.; pp. 421 ff. of the Academy edition of Kant's works. Kant distinguishes perfect duties (duties of respect) and essay pays, imperfect duties (duties of to essay writing writing skills, love) in many places. See, for example, The Doctrine of Virtue , trans, by Mary J. Gregor (New York: Harper and Row, 1964), pp. 134-35; p. 463 of the on punctuality Academy edition. 27 Kant, Metaphysical Elements of approaches writing skills, Justice , trans, by John Ladd (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1965), pp.

35 ff.; pp. 230 ff. of the Academy edition. See also pp. 94 ff. and 107-9 of my Kant: The Philosophy of Right (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1970). 28 Someone (e.g., Jan Narveson in his Pacifism: A Philosophical Analysis, Ethics , 75 [1965]) might say the following: If what you value are the rights of people, does this not entail (as a part of what it means to say that one values something) that you would recognize an obligation to take steps to secure those rights against interference? Perhaps. But take steps does not have to mean do whatever is causally necessary. Education! Such an obligation will presumably be limited by (a) what I can reasonably be expected to do or sacrifice and (b) my moral judgment about the to essay academic writing and study permissibility of the means employed. Canterbury Tales! It does seem perverse for a person to say I value the rights of people above all else but I do not propose to do anything to secure those rights. However, it by current approaches and study, no means seems to me equally perverse to say the following: I deplore interferences with human rights above all else and I will do everything in my power to prevent such interferences -- everything, of course, short of being guilty of such interferences myself.

29 See Brian Barry, Justice and place for us on the, the Common Good, Analysis , 21-22 (1960-61). Though the existentialists tend to overdo this sort of current approaches writing academic writing skills, claim, there is truth in write my essay discount their claim that there are certain moral problems that are in approaches to essay academic skills principle undecidable by on punctuality, any rational decision procedure. Such cases are not perhaps as numerous as the existentialists would have us believe, but they do arise, e.g. when candidates for ultimate moral principles conflict. In such cases, we find it impossible to nail down with solid arguments those principles which matter to us the most. Perhaps this even deserves to be called absurd. In his article The Absurd ( Journal of Philosophy , 68, No. 20 [October 21, 19711), Thomas Nagel suggests that absurdity in human life is found in the collision between the to essay and study seriousness with which we take our lives and the perpetual possibility of regarding everything about which we are serious as arbitrary, or open to doubt. It is here that talk about discount, faith or commitment seems to have some life. 30 James Dickey, The Firebombing, in approaches to essay skills Poems 1957-1967 (Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1967), p. 185.

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Ubuntu 10.04 - XBMC Media Center with Revo 3610. Since a long time I was planning to approaches academic, replace my MediaPortal mediacenter under Windows with one under Linux. But I could not find any Media Center under Linux as complete a MediaPortal. In term of functionnalities, here is what is my essay expected : silent low consumption system possibility to use my MCE Remote suspend/resume from the approaches writing and study skills remote only ability to stating of a research, play HD movies (720 1080) DVB-T functionnality, including HD channels recording possibility for DVB-T access to all my video, photo music from a network share access to media on USB key access to photo on APN be cheap . So, here are the installation steps to convert a very small silent nettop into current approaches writing and study skills, a full featured digital Media Center. After some researches, I discovered that all that has become possible under Linux with the objectiv association of 4 main items : Acer Revo 3610 nettop, which includes Ion chipset for HD decoding Ubuntu as a welcoming OS (10.04 Lucid LTS) XBMC as a Media Player TVHeadEnd, to add TV possibilities, thru DVB-T. This guide has been updated for an installation on current to essay writing, Lucid LTS. The first thing is to download and install Ubuntu LTS i386. As the Revo 3610 doesn't have a CD-ROM drive, you need to do the essay installation from a Live USB key.

UnetBootIn will be your friend. Once installation process is over, the first thing is to and study, update the distribution and install all the utilities packages for dvb adapters that will be used for my essay TV reception. To do so, with Synaptics : The open SSH server will allow you to have a remote access to your media center even when it will be fully remote controlled, with now mouse nor keyboard. You will be able to connect to your box with a SSH client from any computer connected to current approaches writing, your network. Ubuntu Tweak is a fantastic piece of objectiv software that simplifies lots of Ubuntu configuration job. It will specifically ease the package repository definition. You can get the approaches academic Ubuntu Tweak package from essay, http://ubuntu-tweak.com/downloads. Just download it and install it thru GetDeb. Once done, launch Ubuntu Tweak and from the current writing academic Program/Repository menu select the following repositories : Then in the appplication list : To avoid any unwanted automatic update, you configure Update Manager not to essay on punctuality, do so.

Start System / Administration / Update manager , go in Settings . and uncheck Check for updates . 1.4. Activate proprietary nVidia drivers. XBMC will need 3D drivers to be activated. Go to System / Administration / Hardware drivers, select nVidia accelerated graphics driver select the button Activate. at the end of the installation process,you need to reboot. To avoid tearing during video playback, you need to tweak the nividia drivers setup and the compiz setting. You first need to adjust nVidia drivers VSync for XVideo OpenGL under System / Administration / nVidia X Server Setting . Configure it as follow : For these parameters to academic skills, take effect, you need to disable Compiz, as Compiz configuration is essay questions canterbury tales overloading nVidia default configuration. So you just need to current academic writing skills, open System / Preferences / Appearence, and to select none in the Visual effect tab. You are now ready to install XBMC. XBMC is a very powerfull mediacenter that allows your to write my essay, : listen to your music look at your photos watch movies watch live TV programs watch videos from replay sites play some games . First thing to do is to go on the wiki page of the project.

Everything is explained very clearly. This guide will just focus on some basic but essential configurations of XBMC. Once all the repositories are setup, the next thing is to install XBMC : sudo aptitude install xbmc. Your system is ready for the next steps. XBMC is approaches academic writing and study now installed with the latest version. As XBMC is the purpose of a research paper running on your Revo 3610 box, you need to enable the ION harware acceleration for your HD 720 and to essay writing skills, 1080 movies. You will also need to configure it to suspend the Revo when Power Off is selected.

menu System / Video / Player , enable the research VDPAU rendering. menu System / System / Power saving , select Shut down function : Suspend. One very interesting feature of XBMC is its possibilities of being enriched by some add-ons. Current Approaches To Essay Writing And Study Skills. These add-ons can be installed manually or thru some repositories. A very interesting repository is http://passion-xbmc.org/addons/ provided by questions prologue the XBMC Passion team. For french speaking people, it provides some very nice add-ons : Pluzz (replay for France 2, France 3, France 4, France 5 France O) M6 Replay W9 Replay AlloCine trailers . To install these add-ons, the simplest way is to declare the XBMC Passion repository and then to directly install the add-ons from the repository. Install the downloaded zip file thru the XBMC menu System / Add-ons / Install from approaches to essay and study, zip file . Once installed enabled, you can install all the Add-ons provided by cna resume objectiv the repository thru the XBMC menu System / Add-ons / Get Add-on / Passion-XBMC.org Add-ons . 3. MCE Remote setup for XBMC Suspend/Resume. To use a MCE Remote control, you need to install Lirc and to configure the approaches writing academic writing and study proper modules : aptitude install lirc. In the remote control configuration menu, select Windows Media Center transceiver/remotes (all) and none as IR transmitter.

If everything is running fine, you should se your remote key pressed when running irw : 000000037ff07be9 00 Play mceusb. 000000037ff07be9 01 Play mceusb. 000000037ff07bdc 00 Back mceusb. 000000037ff07bdc 01 Back mceusb. 000000037ff07be6 00 Stop mceusb.

000000037ff07be6 01 Stop mceusb. If you want to change XBMC action for the MCE remote Return key to display the previous menu as an OSD when watching a fullscreen video, you need to modify two entries in the remote.xml configuration file. First thing to questions tales prologue, do is to check in current approaches to essay writing academic writing and study your BIOS that S3 acpi is enabled. Once done, just reboot. In a terminal, list the devices available : Device S-state Status Sysfs node. SMB0 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:03.2. USB0 S3 disabled pci:0000:00:04.0. USB2 S3 disabled pci:0000:00:04.1. NMAC S5 disabled pci:0000:00:0a.0.

PBB0 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:09.0. HDAC S4 disabled pci:0000:00:08.0. XVR0 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:0c.0. XVR1 S4 disabled. P0P5 S4 disabled. P0P6 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:15.0. P0P7 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:16.0. P0P8 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:17.0. P0P9 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:18.0. To activate S3 USB wakeup on all the ports, type : # sudo sh -c 'echo USB0 /proc/acpi/wakeup'

Even if you see USB2 in the list, you do not need to activate it. Cna Resume Objectiv. If so, you PC will resume immediatly after suspend . Writing Academic Writing And Study Skills. which is not what is expected ! Check in the list that the device is enabled, enter : Device S-state Status Sysfs node. SMB0 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:03.2. USB0 S3 enabled pci:0000:00:04.0. USB2 S3 disabled pci:0000:00:04.1. NMAC S5 disabled pci:0000:00:0a.0.

PBB0 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:09.0. HDAC S4 disabled pci:0000:00:08.0. XVR0 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:0c.0. XVR1 S4 disabled. P0P5 S4 disabled. P0P6 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:15.0.

P0P7 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:16.0. P0P8 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:17.0. P0P9 S4 disabled pci:0000:00:18.0. To get it started at each boot, just add these lines at the end of : # Enable S3 wakeup on all the USB ports. echo USB0 /proc/acpi/wakeup. Once this is objectiv done, you should be able to suspend and resume your Revo with the power button of the MCE remote (when the Revo is suspended, the power light is slowly blinking). By default Ubuntu ask your password when resuming after suspend. The easiest way to remove it is to use Ubuntu Tweak, menu System / Security and to check Deactivate Screen Lock . To be able to approaches to essay writing and study, receive TV channels thru XBMC, one very simple solution is to get them thru TVHeadEnd server. TVHeadEnd is a fantastic DVB streaming server.

It uses a proprietary streaming protocol, but as a chance, XBMC is cna resume totally compatible with it. In Ubuntu, a lot of DVB-T firmware are available thru the linux-firmware-nonfree package. You first need to approaches writing and study, install that package : # sudo aptitude install linux-firmware-nonfree. Before watching any TV channel, you first need to automatically load at boot time the proper module handling your DVB receiver (USB dongle in my case). To do so you need to canterbury prologue, add your module name in the /etc/modules file. Approaches Writing Writing Skills. Any module listed in education that file will be loaded at current to essay writing skills boot time. Here my DVB-T adapter is an AverMedia Volar Black HD. The Purpose Of A. It will be recognized properly after next boot.

So, first thing to do is to add the deb http://www.lonelycoder.com/debian hts main repository to synaptic. Then you need to approaches to essay and study, import the public key of essay on punctuality pays this repository that you can get from approaches to essay academic and study skills, http://www.lonelycoder.com/public.key. From Synaptics or from objectiv, command line you need to update your package list and to install the hts-tvheadend package : # sudo aptitude update. # sudo aptitude install hts-tvheadend. During the installation process, you will need to select the administrator login password you will use to access the web based administration interface of TVHeadEnd. You then need to current approaches to essay academic and study, configure your channels according to for us musical, the TVHeadEnd manual. As you have installed the linux firmware nonfree package, your DVB adapter should be recognized automatically by TVHeadEnd. If not, you may need specific module or firmware for your adapter to be properly handled by your Ubuntu system. To Essay Writing And Study. This is cna resume not the current to essay writing academic topic of this guide. Once done, the essay on punctuality last thing to do is to declare your streaming server in the XBMC video sources with the htsp:// protocol. As TVHeadEnd server is on the same machine, your source URL will be htsp://127.0.0.1:9982/

You should now be able to receive your DVB channels under the to essay academic and study skills Live channels directory in your new video source :-) 6. Suspend/Resume for DVB-T TVHeadEnd. Few things can create trouble while in the suspend or resume process. The first one is that the suspend process doesn't work well with many DVB-T adapter. As a result, you will notice Ubuntu not able to essay, suspend with a blinking cursor on approaches to essay writing writing and study skills, the top left corner of the screen.

To solve the education essay trouble, you just need to stop TvHeadEnd and to current writing academic writing skills, unload the DVB-T module while in the suspend process, and to essay, do the opposite while being in the resume process. All the current to essay writing files in essay canterbury /etc/pm/sleep.d are called following the approaches writing academic skills alphabetical order while suspending and the reverse alphabetical order while resuming. A script starting with 00_ will be called first during suspend and last during resume. So, to allow suspend and for us, resume process to run smoothly, you need to create a /etc/pm/sleep.d/00_tv file that is called every time the computer suspends or resumes. The file should contain the following scriptand to add the to essay writing academic following lines : # Stop/start the pays TV server before/after the DVB module. # stop TvHeadEnd to current to essay and study, be able to place for us essay, unload the DVB-T module. logger Suspend : Stopping TVheadEnd. # start TvHeadEnd after the DVB-T module is loaded. logger Resume : Restarting TVHeadEnd. The new file should be rwxr-xr-x as it will be executed by the system : # sudo chmod 0755 /etc/pm/sleep.d/00_tv. Next, you need to to essay academic writing and study skills, configure the suspend/resume process so that it unloads/loads the essay DVB-T module during the process.

In the current approaches academic writing skills next configuration, my DVB-T module name is dvb_usb_af9015 . You need to adapt it to questions, your adapter. To do so, you just need to create as root the approaches writing academic and study /etc/pm/config.d/dvbt file : Once it is done, you should be able to cna resume, suspend and resume your Revo3610 without any problem, including the TV adapter. The suspend action can be done from the gnome menu or thru the current writing academic writing skills MCE Remote Power button in XBMC. 7. Remote movies collection (NFS Automount) If you are planning to view some HD movies shared from why music education essay, a linux server, the current writing and study best is to use a NFS share for that. In fact, NFS protocol is much more efficient than SMB, allowing to education, stream efficiently a HD movie, even thru a good wifi 54 Mbits connexion. The best way to mount a NFS share on your media center is to go thru AutoFS.

AutoFS is a daemon that will automatically mount a NFS share when needed. Its best feature is to allow a stable mount even after suspend/resume or after a network connectivity problem. First thing to do is to install the AutoFS package and to create the automount root. # sudo aptitude install autofs. # sudo mkdir /mnt/xbmc. Once installed, you need to current approaches academic skills, setup the mounting root for AutoFS. We will choose the /mnt/xbmc directory just created. This is done thru the pays edition of approaches writing skills /etc/auto.master configuration file : All the mounting point associated with auto-mounting shares will then be declared in my essay the /etc/auto.type configuration file : Last operation is to restart autofs service to current writing academic writing and study, take the essay questions previous configuration into account. # sudo /etc/init.d/autofs restart. Once done, you will access your Video network share automatically, as soon as you browse the /mnt/xbmc/Video directory from whithin XBMC. 8. Making your user sudo-master-password-free.

If your HTPC does not need security, you can get Ubuntu stop nagging about its precious root-password. This removes the security totally. This step is not compulsory, it's just to current approaches and study skills, ease everyday's life. To do so, you should type the following command : At the end of file (in the nano-window) enter this: username ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL. % username ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL.

Change username to cna resume, what your username is. The installer creates a user and group with your selected username. Press Ctrl-X to writing academic skills, save the changes and reboot to activate the setting. Your mediacenter default user can now do any sudo command without password. Your media center should now be fully operationnal and essay questions, fully remote controlled. I've been using mine for the last 18 month with no trouble at all. Sometime you just forget what a TV is all about :-) This article is published as is, without any warranty that it will work for your specific need. If you think this article needs some complement, or simply if you think it saved you lots of time trouble,

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100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Current Approaches Academic Writing! Examine why something has happened or exists. My Essay! Speculate about to essay academic and study skills, what caused the situation. Examine the results of an place for us musical, event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of to essay writing academic writing and study skills, a situation to a discussion of its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the question to fit your assignment.

Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to the question is why music essay your thesis. Simple! What causes divorce? What is the effect of divorce on children?

Does the age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of to essay and study, parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of place essay on the broadway, their children? What is the effect of current to essay writing academic and study skills, long distance on why music education, relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to be afraid of commitment? What effect has the feminist movement had on men's and women's views of dating?

What causes some women to to essay academic writing skills, repeatedly get involved in place for us destructive relationships? What effect does having an abortion have on a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against their parents? What effect has social media had on to essay academic writing skills, family relationships? What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and fulfilling marriage have on a person's health? Does going to college cause people to have better marriages? What is the effect of place for us essay on the musical, grandparents raising a child?

What causes teenagers to become sexually active? How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men? What is the current approaches writing and study effect of growing up in the purpose of a research a single-parent household? What is the effect of being a twin? What the effect has China's one child had on family relationships? How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on the child?) What causes a family to have close relationships? What is the current approaches to essay and study effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group? What causes poverty in place on the the U.S.?

What are the effects of growing up in poverty? What causes homelessness? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on approaches and study, children? What has caused the increase in international adoption in cna resume Western countries? What is the effect on children (or adults) of watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations? What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on approaches, social problems? What is the is importance essay effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the cause of men still out-earning women in wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)?

What are the causes of poor water quality for many people around the to essay writing writing and study world? What is the cna resume effect of people not having shoes to to essay writing and study skills, wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on a community? What is the cna resume objectiv cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and racism? What causes people with disabilities to be unable to get jobs? What is the effect on children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years?

What will be the effects of this rise in current approaches to essay writing writing and study skills obesity on the healthcare system? What causes the increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on an individual's health? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health? What is the cause (or the effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated? What causes the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa?

What is the effect of objectiv, climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of globalization on the spread of disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to eradicate? What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to current approaches writing academic and study skills, get cancer? What causes pancreatic cancer to discount, be so deadly? What has caused cancer to be so difficult to cure?

What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the effect of abortion(s) on a woman's subsequent reproductive health? What effect does birth control have on women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to current approaches to essay writing and study skills, develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on health?

What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on the body? What causes people to stating of a research, make healthy living choices? What causes so many healthcare providers to be overweight? What are the social effects of current to essay writing academic writing skills, having braces on teeth?

What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers? What causes families to buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of violent video games on young children or teenagers? What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people? Does online shopping cause people to spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of cyber bullying?

What causes social media sites to lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and smartphones have on how we browse the Internet? What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on how people communicate? What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones? How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates?

What effect does being labeled gifted and essay questions canterbury tales talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on a child? What causes students to think school is boring? Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in classrooms cause students to learn better? What is the effect on learning when students do most of approaches academic writing and study, their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and books? What are the effects of homeschooling on children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on the educational system in your town or state? How do school programs against bullying affect the stating the purpose paper actual bullying and fears of students?

Do single-sex classrooms cause students to learn better? What are the positive and negative effects of to essay writing and study skills, having school uniforms? What is the effect of having an open high school campus? What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to educate students?

What causes American students to lag behind students from essay on punctuality pays other countries on current academic and study, international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in objectiv schools have on education?

What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on American society? What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in approaches to essay writing and study skills the 1960s and 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.?

What was the effect of colonialism on Britain's view of itself? What were the the purpose of a research paper causes and effects of current approaches writing academic and study, colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the causes and effects of the American Revolution? What causes the the purpose of a paper drug wars in approaches to essay academic skills Colombia? What causes illegal immigration? What are the effects of write discount, immigration on a country (pick any country)? What is the effect of online sales on academic writing, businesses (in any country)? What was the essay questions prologue effect of the printing press (or other invention) on world history?

What are the effects of globalization on the position of women? What are the effects of American drone attacks on current approaches to essay writing and study skills, terrorists and civilians? What was the cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea? How to Write a Great Topic Sentence. by the purpose paper, Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Interview Essay Paper Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 5. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. Current To Essay Writing Academic And Study Skills! 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to cna resume objectiv, Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 127.

This was great for approaches writing academic writing, me because I had to write an essay prologue, essay about some kind of topic with a cause and approaches to essay academic and study skills an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. Write My Essay! I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. Current To Essay Writing Academic! I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you ! this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good.

Hi thanks for helping me. these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and essay on punctuality got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in 7th grade. hubber8893 18 months ago. Approaches To Essay Writing Skills! I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships. For Us On The Broadway Musical! Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. Writing Academic Writing Skills! These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Canterbury Tales! Thanks for your LARGE ammount of tips. These topics really helped me for current writing academic and study skills, school. Ruby 18 months ago from United States.

Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol. WOW this is super great to essay, look up stuff for an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Current Approaches To Essay Academic Skills! Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Very informative write.

Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over canterbury, 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and current approaches to essay writing and study topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you.

Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. Great topics. James Packard 2 years ago from Columbia, Missouri. Why Music Is Importance! What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to current approaches writing academic writing, write about to do research and tales clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from New York, NY. Current Writing Writing And Study! I love this one, VirginiaLynne.

Your hubs are so valuable to why music essay, students and professional writers. Cause and to essay writing writing effect papers are among the stating of a most interesting to read. I voted this hub up, useful, and writing academic and study skills interesting. I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories.

Well done. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from discount United States. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Writing! Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an effect upon as well as to discount, influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error.

Thanks! Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. Current Skills! These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Texas. This will come in handy for my English class.

Thanks. Of A Research Paper! I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago. Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in current approaches to essay writing writing skills many ways for people to write, understand there relationship and social problems. Great hub! I like your ideas, it is something different innovative. Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful.

Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in their English departments. Writing Academic Writing Skills! However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and essay pays other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the current approaches writing writing start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Essay On The Broadway Musical! Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. That is why I usually like to to essay writing academic and study skills, call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and place for us on the broadway musical argue for the most important causes, or the approaches to essay writing most important effects that we see in a situation. Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine.

Okay so cause and effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to cna resume objectiv, be written were to be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California. Great topics! Voted up and shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Leidy--That is a great essay topic. To Essay Writing Academic And Study! I think that some of for us musical, that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to to essay writing writing and study, believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from for us essay on the Macon, GA. A good and current academic skills diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of these for their own essays. Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas. Very interesting and in depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent.

Thank you for sharing. Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Cna Resume! Thanks so much Carol! You are always an current approaches to essay writing academic writing, encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub.

Going to pass this along and of course vote up. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of essay pays, their respective owners. Current Approaches To Essay And Study! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on write my essay discount, affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Endometriosis: General Information. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. The only way to be 100% sure that a person has endometriosis is to have a laparoscopy.

There is no cure for approaches to essay writing academic writing, endometriosis, but treatment can improve symptoms and preserve fertility. Endometriosis, pronounced, “end–o–me–tree–o–sis” can affect girls of stating of a all ages. It is current to essay writing academic a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. Essay Canterbury Tales Prologue? Endometrial implants can be found on current approaches to essay academic writing and study skills the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and place for us on the broadway, tissue covering the bladder and rectum. Approaches To Essay Academic? The most common locations of endometrial implants in teens are in the cul–de–sac area (behind the uterus), and on the broadway musical, near the bladder.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms in young women. Pelvic pain and/or severe period cramps are the most common symptoms. There can be pain before, during or after your period. The pain may occur at regular times in your cycle or it may occur at any time during the month. It is often referred to as “chronic” pelvic pain.

The location of the endometrial implants and the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms teens may have. Some teens may have pain with exercise, sex, and/or after a pelvic exam. Although not as common, some teens may have painful or frequent urination, diarrhea or constipation with pelvic pain. Current Approaches Writing? It’s important to remember that some teens have a lot of endometriosis and on punctuality pays, have very little pain, while others may have a small amount of endometriosis and severe pain. Although we know that some young women may be slightly more likely to develop endometriosis because female relatives have it, the fact is we do not know the cause of this disease. The three most accepted theories are: Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the and study skills blood to is importance essay flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to current to essay writing academic writing and study attach to surfaces outside of the uterus. Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells and are actually present at birth.

Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue “travels” through the body via blood vessels. It then reaches various tissues, implants, and then grows, causing pain. The ONLY way to cna resume be 100% sure of approaches academic this diagnosis is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy. There is no blood test, x–ray, ultrasound, or MRI that can diagnose endometriosis at place for us essay on the broadway this time. A laparoscopy allows your doctor to look inside your belly at your pelvic organs with a special lens to identify the endometriosis (implants). Other tests that may be ordered before a laparoscopy might include blood tests, vaginal cultures to check for infection, ultrasound or an MRI (to make sure it’s not something else).

Why have I heard that some adult women may have trouble getting pregnant? If endometriosis is approaches to essay writing academic and study skills not found and essay canterbury tales, treated, it can grow and damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This can make it more difficult to get pregnant. Studies done at academic and study Boston Children’s Hospital have shown that if endo is found in teens and on punctuality, treated early, it does not tend to get worse over time. Is there a cure for endometriosis? While there is no cure for endometriosis, you can be treated with surgery and medicine to keep the approaches to essay skills endometriosis from the purpose of a paper, getting worse and current skills, harming your future fertility.

It is very helpful to use a Pain and Symptom Tracker to record your pain for on punctuality, a while. Current Approaches To Essay Academic Writing And Study? Another method to locate and describe your pain is “Pain Mapping”. Make a copy of your Pain and Symptom Tracker and Pain Mapping worksheets, fill them out, and bring them with you to cna resume your appointments. These tools will help you explain your pain to your medical team. Ways to help you describe pelvic pain: Type (sharp, dull, burning, aching, crampy) Location (where the pain is) Duration (how long the current to essay pain lasts) Intensity (on a scale of 1–10, how “bad” the pain is) What kinds of cna resume treatment are available? Once a diagnosis of to essay writing writing skills endometriosis has been made, treatment falls into the following categories. Observation: After an evaluation and before beginning hormonal therapy, you and essay questions tales, your gynecology (GYN) team may decide to keep track of your symptoms and current approaches writing academic and study skills, try mild pain medicine.

This is usually the first step for cna resume objectiv, girls with premenarcheal endometriosis (who are too young to have had their first period). Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment such as birth control pills containing estrogen and current skills, progesterone taken continuously (to stop periods) relieves symptoms in many patients. A second treatment is education progesterone medicine alone. This comes as a progestin–only birth control pill in a pill pack (Nor–QD® or Camilla®) or as a regular pill that comes in a bottle Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®). The dose of Aygestin® can be adjusted for your body to approaches to essay academic writing stop your pain and bleeding. Another type of pays medication is a GnRH agonist, such as Leuprolide acetate (Lupron–Depot®). This medicine works by current to essay, shutting off hormones made by the ovaries and questions canterbury, temporarily stops your period. The use of GnRH agonist therapy lowers your body’s estrogen level (one of the hormones that causes your body to have periods). Surgery: Visible endometriosis will be destroyed at the time of laparoscopy. Current To Essay Skills? After this procedure, many teens find relief from symptoms.

Most say that their pain is broadway better, but not completely gone. Remember, there is no cure for endometriosis. Many teens may experience pain again. Lifestyle changes: Dealing with chronic pelvic pain can be challenging. Approaches To Essay Writing Academic Writing Skills? Exercising often helps to relieve or lessen pelvic pain and menstrual cramps. Eating a balanced diet and cna resume objectiv, getting enough rest also helps your body manage pain. Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation help to ease pain too. Pain treatment services: If you do not have relief from your symptoms, your gynecologist may refer you to a pain treatment program for approaches academic and study, an evaluation. Following an evaluation, services such as biofeedback, physical therapy, acupuncture and exercise programs may be offered.

Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, herbal remedies, homeopathy and healing touch are among popular adjunct approaches to medical treatment. Many of stating of a research paper these therapies can be helpful, however not every complementary therapy has been scientifically proven to be safe and effective. Writing And Study Skills? Research studies are limited. Before experimenting with any alternative therapy, make sure that you are working with a licensed provider that has been referred to you. What else do I need to why music education know about endometriosis? Young women CAN suffer from symptoms of approaches academic writing endometriosis. Medical studies have found this disease in essay questions tales teenagers and young children. Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild to moderate menstrual cramps one or two days a month. Current Writing Writing Skills? If you are absent from school because of pelvic pain or menstrual cramps, tell your GYN team. Endometriosis occurs among women of ALL races.

Endometriosis is education is importance NOT an STI (sexually transmitted infection). Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease but may improve symptoms for some women. Some women with endometriosis who have had children continue to have pain. If your pain makes you feel at approaches to essay writing academic and study skills all disadvantaged compared to my essay discount other young women or men, this is not normal. Don’t “normalize” your symptoms. If you don’t feel like you are equally capable as other young women your age (because of pelvic pain), you need to seek medical treatment. Endometriosis: Pain and Symptom Tracking. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Keeping track of pelvic pain, menstrual cramps, and other symptoms such as pain when you pass urine or when you have a bowel movement is important.

Be sure to write down any symptoms you have, the number from 1–10 that describes the degree of pain, and where it is located. If you are taking continuous hormone pills and you do not have periods, you can use the current approaches to essay chart to track any other symptoms, including breakthrough bleeding. Be sure to check out the Sample Pain and Symptom Tracker and carefully read the keys at the bottom before you start filling out your own tracker. Make a few copies of My Pain and Symptom Tracker. Write the name of the month at the top of the page and begin tracking your pain and essay on the, symptoms. To fill in current approaches writing writing and study skills the bleeding “Amount” row, look at the Blood Flow Amount Key at the bottom of the essay page to figure out which letter (S, L, N, or H) best describes your flow.

Figure out which letter best describes the approaches to essay academic location of on punctuality your pain (M, L, or R) by taking a look at the “Pelvic Pain Location Key” at the bottom of the page. Write it down in the Pelvic Pain “Location/Intensity” row. Then, decide which number best describes your pain (0 = no pain, 10 = the worst pain you have ever had) by current approaches writing academic writing skills, looking at the Pelvic Pain Numerical Rating Scale at the bottom of the page. Write that number down in the same row. Example = M/5.

If you don’t have any pain symptoms or breakthrough bleeding on any given day, just leave the why music essay box empty. Remember to bring your Pain and Symptom Tracker with you to your GYN appointments. Sometimes it’s hard to describe exactly where your pelvic pain is, so we created this special tool to help you “map your pain”. Pain mapping using colored pencils or markers is writing and study skills a unique way to write my essay discount show your medical team the location of your pain. Simply color in the area where you have pain. You can create your own “key” using different colors. For example; you may use the color red to show the location of current approaches to essay writing severe pain, while you may choose the essay questions tales prologue color orange to current to essay academic writing skills indicate moderate pain—it’s up to you, you’re the why music education essay artist.

We’ve included a sample pain mapping worksheet to show you an example of how to map your pain. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Even though everyone experiences pain differently, it can be helpful to think of your pain in two ways: the physical pain you have, and how your pain impacts your life. Your physical pain may include ongoing pelvic pain, painful periods, and current to essay writing academic, less often, bowel and bladder problems. How your pain impacts your life may include challenges such as: isolation from friends due to unexpected bouts of physical pain, not being able to discount participate in sports or other activities (because of chronic pain and/or fatigue), and anxiety over school work because of absences. Also, your pain can take a toll on current to essay writing academic writing and study skills those who care about you, such as significant others and family members. This can cause added tension and education, stress. For all of these reasons and more, you may feel frustrated because your health feels out of your control. Take a moment to identify your physical symptoms and how they impact your life. Stress-relieving techniques: Learning to manage the stress in your life is current and study skills important under any circumstances but it is essential when you are living with chronic pain.

Many young women with endometriosis feel overwhelmed with managing both their pain and essay canterbury tales, the various stressors that impact their lives. Here are some examples of ways to academic and study manage the pays stress of chronic pain: Exercise Sleep 8–9 hours each night Take naps when you need them Meditate daily Eat 3 healthy meals a day with nutritious snacks in between Do things you enjoy when you feel well Stay in touch with your friends in person, by phone, or online Keep up with your schoolwork (so you don’t feel overwhelmed or get behind) Practice yoga Learn when to push yourself and when not to Keep to approaches to essay academic and study routines as much as possible Plan ahead with your parents/caregivers for unexpected “flair–ups” of pain Talk to a counselor. It is also helpful to have your own personalized list of things to do when you have a pain flare–up. Your list can include things such as taking a warm bath or shower, lying down with a heating pad, doing yoga poses, reading a good book, watching a favorite DVD, or listening to music.

Managing your pelvic pain at school: Does your endometriosis pain get in the way with your plans to attend school or your ability to stay for a full day? Does your academic performance and essay on punctuality pays, grades sometime suffer due to to essay writing skills absences, missed assignments or difficulty keeping focused? Perhaps you’ve also experienced tension with your family, and/or teachers due to poor school attendance and performance issues. Dealing with pelvic pain in a school setting can be very stressful, particularly if your teachers and school nurse are not aware of the pain you have to cope with most days. Below are tips to help you manage the why music is importance essay realities of approaches to essay academic and study skills being a student with chronic pelvic pain. Notice that all of the write tips depend on BEING PREPARED. Know your pain tolerance threshold.

Your pain will likely be mild some days, but other days it may be severe. Use “My Pain Symptom Tracker” to current to essay writing academic writing and study skills track your pelvic pain and any related discomfort you have each month. Talk with your parent(s) or guardian(s) about what you can tolerate in school and what you cannot manage. This is best done at a pain–free time when you are calm and why music, are thinking clearly. Communicate with your close friends about what it’s like to current approaches writing have endometriosis, so they can understand why you sometimes miss school or activities, and be supportive. Identify an adult contact person at school. For example, you can ask a school nurse, favorite teacher or class aide to stating the purpose paper be your “point person” who you can go to current approaches to essay academic skills for support. Write? Choose someone with whom you feel comfortable sharing your endometriosis history, and who can help and be supportive while you are at school. Current To Essay Writing Academic And Study? Share information about endometriosis with your contact person, teachers, school nurse, coaches, and friends.

Those around you are likely to be more understanding and supportive if they know what endometriosis is, and how it impacts your life. Make a plan for pain at school. Talk with your school nurse and place for us broadway musical, find out if there is a place at school where you can lie down if you are in pain. Listening to writing writing and study relaxing music may also help. Identify a person in each of your classes (friend or teacher) who will automatically e–mail you the homework assignment if you miss class.

Give yourself enough time in my essay discount the morning to get ready for school. Current Approaches To Essay? You may need to wake up earlier than your friends or siblings to get ready, especially if you are having pain. Do not assume that every day you wake up with pain means that you have to stay home from cna resume objectiv, school or that the day is “lost to current approaches to essay academic skills pain”. Try to go to school every day even if you have some pain in the morning: chances are that your pain will get better or go away once you get moving and you are distracted. Why Music Education Is Importance Essay? If your pain becomes unmanageable, you can get dismissed and go home then. Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Eat nutritious meals and healthy snacks and current approaches writing skills, get at stating least 8–9 hours of sleep every night. Do some kind of current writing academic writing and study skills physical activity that you enjoy, for about 60 minutes every day. Write Discount? Activities could include, walking, riding your bike, dancing, playing a sport, etc. Try not to fall behind in your schoolwork.

If you need extra help in a class talk with your teacher before your schoolwork piles up. If you have to approaches to essay writing be absent from school for more than a week, find out about having a home tutor. Keep in touch with your friends. Even when you are absent, talk to why music essay at least one of your friends every day either on the phone, via text messages, e–mail, or on a social networking site. You will feel less isolated and it will be easier when you return to school. Be proactive. Use the worksheet to make a list of things you can do to personally manage your pelvic pain at school. Write down the ways you feel your endometriosis has affected your school life, and then make a list of the things you will try to do to to essay and study skills improve the way you manage your pain at objectiv school. Current Approaches To Essay Writing And Study? Be sure to include strategies that have worked.

Managing activities, friendships, and why music education is importance essay, chronic pain: Living with chronic pain can impact all areas of a person’s life, even those areas that are typically fun and enjoyable. Having pain from endometriosis can sometimes get in the way of being able to do things with your friends both on a daily basis and for special events. You and others around you (friends, parents, coaches, and teachers) may feel frustrated and discouraged when your pain makes you pass on invitations or when you avoid activities. You may even worry about and study skills, canceling plans too many times with your friends or not being a “good friend”. One helpful technique is to essay questions anticipate how you may be feeling and how you will deal with unexpected pain in social situations. Here are some thoughts and advice from girls with endometriosis who try to rule the writing writing and study skills pain, not let the for us essay musical pain rule their lives:

Be in touch with at least one person outside of your family every day. Organize activities that can be held at current academic writing skills your house (such as craft parties, reading groups, board–game marathons, watching movies) if it is more comfortable to why music education be home. Make sure your close friends, coaches or activity directors understand that your pain is a real medical condition. Current Approaches Writing And Study? Educate them with information about endometriosis. Is there an activity you really want to do but are scared about fulfilling the essay requirements or keeping the commitment? Many group activities require a wide variety of participants in many roles. Explore the options with the group leader, explaining that you want to be involved in a way that you can handle. Writing Academic Skills? Plan ahead: Do you have an event coming up that feels more stressful than fun? Go back to tales your personalized list of things you can do in anticipation of pain.

If you do have to cancel with friends or family, or you realize you cannot participate in current approaches writing an activity as planned, try to take it in canterbury prologue stride: explain promptly, offer alternative options, and take care of current approaches writing skills yourself. Your friends, family, and why music essay, others will respect you more for being honest rather than not showing up without an explanation. Make a list of things that you love to do, and try to skills do one thing each day! Complementary therapies for pain management: Some young women are helped by essay broadway, surgery, some by medication, and current and study, some with a combination of objectiv both. Many young women find that adding complementary therapies to traditional treatment helps them manage their pelvic pain more effectively. Yoga involves a series of poses and gentle stretches. There are many different kinds of yoga. You can explore yoga classes at your YMCA, health center and yoga studios. Many girls find it helpful to take yoga classes.

There are also many good DVD’s that teach yoga; borrow one from your local library. Acupuncture is an Eastern Asian Medicine that involves the insertion of current academic writing skills very fine needles into “acupuncture points” in write the body. This is thought to stimulate the. body’s nervous system to current approaches to essay academic writing and study skills release certain chemicals in objectiv the muscles, spinal cord, and current approaches to essay writing skills, brain, which in turn release other chemicals and hormones in my essay discount the body that. may help to improve pain and other discomforts. Approaches To Essay Writing Academic Writing And Study Skills? Acupuncture may be covered by your health insurance. Massage is place broadway musical another complementary practice which some girls with pelvic pain find helpful. There are several kinds of massage therapies available. To Essay Writing Skills? Often massage treatments are combined with gentle heat.

Endometriosis: Nutrition and Exercise. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 20 January 2017. Eating a well-balanced diet will keep you healthy. Take a multivitamin if you’re not eating foods from all of the food groups. Exercising may help improve your endo symptoms. If you’ve been diagnosed with endometriosis, you may be wondering if there is prologue anything you can do to feel better besides taking medication. Healthy nutrition and exercise play an important role in maintaining overall health. Is there a special diet for girls with endometriosis?

We know that some foods can boost our immune system and protect our bodies from some illnesses and diseases. Unfortunately, there has been very little research done to figure out current to essay writing and study skills, if eating certain foods can help improve endometriosis symptoms. Although, we do know that young women who eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats while limiting their intake of red meat and unhealthy fats are less likely to have endometriosis. Some young women with endometriosis say they feel better when they eat a nutritious diet and some experts believe that eating certain foods can help endometriosis symptoms by stating, reducing inflammation and estrogen levels in the body. Even if eating nutritious food doesn’t necessarily make your “endo” symptoms better, there are lots of other benefits to a healthy diet. Consider making changes that can improve your overall health: Eat a high fiber diet that includes plenty of current to essay writing academic writing skills fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and nuts Limit saturated fat by eating mostly plant–based foods, choosing low–fat dairy products, and selecting lean meats Eat more sources of omega–3 fats such as fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines) , fish oil, canola oil, flaxseeds, walnuts, and pumpkin seeds. How can I make sure I am getting all of the nutrients I need? Eating a balanced diet with lots of place essay fruits and vegetables, whole grains, plant–based protein, lean meats, and healthy fats can help you get all of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients you need to current academic writing skills keep your immune system and why music, body healthy. Do I need take a vitamin supplement? If you eat three nutritious meals a day and healthy snacks which include a variety of academic skills fruits and vegetables, protein, dairy foods, and whole grains, you are probably getting enough of most vitamins and minerals through the food you eat.

If you aren’t getting in all of your food groups on a regular basis, you may want to consider taking a daily multivitamin so you will get the total amount of nutrients that your body needs. For Us Essay On The? Talk to your health care provider (HCP) to see if you should take a multivitamin or other dietary supplement. Some endometriosis medications work by approaches to essay academic, lowering estrogen levels. Cna Resume? If you are on an estrogen–lowering medication for current to essay writing academic writing, more than 6 months, you may be at risk of developing osteoporosis (brittle bones). Ask your health care provider if you should take calcium and objectiv, vitamin D supplements to help protect your bones. What about current approaches to essay writing academic writing, other vitamins and herbs? You may see ads or stories on the internet, in magazines, and even personal blogs that claim certain vitamins and herbs help to treat endometriosis. The truth is, there are no published scientific studies that prove that extra supplements improve endometriosis symptoms. It is important to remember that some herbs (such as ginseng) can actually interfere with medications that treat endometriosis because they contain plant–estrogen.

It is essay always best to talk with your health care provider first before taking any over–the–counter herbs. What information should I pay attention to on food labels? It’s always important to approaches academic writing and study skills pay attention to food labels when grocery shopping. The Nutrition Facts Label is on most foods (except fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables) and has important information including portion size and what vitamins/minerals the food contains. Will exercise make my endometriosis symptoms worse? Probably not. Write? In fact, exercise may actually improve endometriosis symptoms. Academic Writing? Daily exercise (about 60 minutes each day) such as walking, swimming, dancing, or other activities will help you maintain a healthy weight and give you energy. It’s a good idea to check with your HCP or physical therapist to find out whether it’s okay to discount participate in approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills very active sports or other strenuous exercise, and the right about and type of exercise that’s best for essay prologue, you. Occasionally, very active exercise such as running and jumping may bring on or increase endometriosis symptoms or other medical conditions.

Can exercise improve my endometriosis symptoms? Yes. Here are a few reasons why exercise may help your endometriosis symptoms: Exercise releases endorphins. Writing Academic And Study Skills? When we exercise, our brain releases “feel good” chemicals called endorphins. Stating Of A Paper? These naturally occurring hormones work like pain relievers to lower pain. It only takes about ten minutes of moderate exercise (any exercise that makes you sweat or breathe hard) for writing academic writing skills, your body to start making these chemicals. Place Broadway Musical? Exercise improves circulation.

Moderate exercise gets our heart pumping and improves the blood flow to our organs. This is important because our blood carries oxygen and current approaches to essay writing academic writing and study, nutrients to important body systems. Regular exercise lowers the essay questions canterbury amount of estrogen in the body. Since the goal of endometriosis treatment is to lower estrogen levels, regular exercise may help improve endo symptoms. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Planning for approaches writing, college is cna resume objectiv a time filled with challenges and excitement.

College life opens the door to personal growth and independence. It can be difficult, since you may be making decisions on your own for the first time. It can also be exciting, a chance to make new friends, try new activities, learn new things, and set up a home away from home. There are many things to consider when planning for college if you have a chronic illness such as endometriosis. We hope that the current academic writing and study skills following information will answer your questions and offer helpful hints. Should I be concerned about my health insurance coverage? Yes.

It is essay on punctuality important to know exactly what kind of health insurance coverage you have. For example, some insurance policies will only approaches academic and study provide coverage until you are 18 or 19 years old. Other policies may continue to essay pays provide coverage beyond this age, if you are a full–time student. Ask your parents how long you will be covered or contact the insurance company yourself. You should check with the admissions department at your college if you need to current approaches writing and study skills buy an additional “student insurance policy” while you are a student there. If you aren’t covered by your parents’ insurance while at college, make sure you sign up for a special “student insurance policy”. How long can I expect to stating the purpose of a research have insurance coverage? (For example, up to what age am I covered?

Do I need to be a full time student to receive or “get” full coverage?) Does the to essay writing skills policy cover out–of–state emergency services? Does the policy require that I contact the insurance company within a certain amount of time if I use emergency services? Is there a waiting period for certain services? How much is my co–pay for place for us, general medical, specialty, and urgent care appointments? What do I need to know about the health services at college?

You will need to current to essay writing find out: When the cna resume Health Center is current to essay academic and study skills open What kind of services are provided Who you can talk to if you have any issues related to your endometriosis How to cna resume reach someone if you have concerns or questions If there is a health care provider at the Health Center that has experience in current approaches academic writing caring for on punctuality pays, young women with endometriosis. Current Academic Writing? (If so, get the name and number before you need it.) You should know the location of the the purpose of a research closest hospital to your college in the event of an emergency, or if you need more care than your college Health Center can provide. Approaches Writing Academic Writing And Study? Find out what kind of services are offered, and if students are transferred to another hospital if more specialized care is needed. What should I do before I leave for college? Make an appointment with your gynecologist before you leave for place musical, college. Talk with your gynecologist about current writing writing and study skills, your concerns, your symptoms, and essay canterbury prologue, what helps to relieve your pain. Approaches To Essay Writing? Having a plan for when you experience pain or other symptoms will give you control and comfort.

Be sure to have prescriptions filled with enough refills to last until you return to your doctor for a follow–up visit. Schedule follow–up visits with your gynecologist ahead of time so you can be seen during semester breaks. Essay? Ask for a copy of writing academic writing recent operative notes (if you have had surgery for endometriosis) from the hospital where you were treated. Place For Us Essay Broadway? Put them in to essay writing writing and study a notebook and bring it with you to why music essay college with your important papers and/or ask the Health Center at school to keep a copy on file. Current Approaches To Essay And Study Skills? You will need to request a copy of your medical records from the “Medical Records” department at the hospital where you had your laparoscopy. You may have to do this in write person, or you may be able to send or fax a letter. Should I find a gynecologist near my college? If you are going to a college that is far away from home, you may decide that having a local health care provider or a gynecologist is best for you.

It is a good idea to schedule an appointment with your new gynecologist before you start classes so you can establish a relationship. You can help the communication among all doctors involved in your care by providing them with a list of all your medical providers, and a brief description of their roles in approaches academic writing and study your health care. Of A? Include telephone numbers, fax numbers, addresses, and e–mail contact information, if appropriate. Provide them with copies of any important medical records, including operative notes, a list of medications you are taking, and any side effects or allergic reactions you have had from any medications. Should I talk with my professors about the effect of endometriosis on my life?

Some young women find that talking to current writing academic and study skills their professors about their endometriosis is helpful. You may feel awkward at first about place for us essay broadway musical, approaching your professors. However, most college faculty appreciate students who talk to to essay writing them early on in the semester if there might be a problem that could potentially affect learning. Pays? If you have difficulty with your courses because of pain from endometriosis, you should speak with your professor(s) again. The longer you wait, the more overwhelmed you may become.

You don’t have to give specific information unless you want to. Current Academic Writing Skills? You can simply explain that you have a “chronic disease with chronic pain.” Since endometriosis affects approximately 5 million women and essay on punctuality, girls, you may find that your professor is familiar with it. Is there anyone else I should talk to? It can be helpful to have 1–2 designated people in your college Health Center as your “liaisons”– a person to whom you can go to current to essay academic writing when you need medical assistance and another person who can offer you emotional support. He/she may likely be able to write my essay offer guidance if your pain interferes with your academics. What are some ways to deal with my college workload?

Learning to use the course syllabus to your advantage can be helpful in current to essay writing academic and study skills dealing with your college workload. The syllabus lets you know what is expected of you for each class, and objectiv, allows you to plan your course work accordingly. Academic And Study? An agenda can help you budget your time and plan ahead so you won’t fall behind if you become ill. Taping lectures and essay, then taking notes later from the recorded lecture can help if you have trouble concentrating in class. Approaches Writing Academic Writing And Study Skills? You will need to essay make time for approaches academic skills, listening to taped lectures sometime after class. If you can’t make it to class, ask a friend to tape the lecture for you. Essay Canterbury Tales Prologue? Most colleges also have resource centers that provide a variety of current writing academic writing and study services to discount help students deal with heavy workloads. Check your college website to see if your school has services for to essay writing and study skills, chronically ill students. They may be able to offer help with note taking, extensions on tests. or papers, and/or help with special dietary needs.

Endometriosis: Hormonal Treatment Overview. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. There is place for us on the broadway no surgical cure for endometriosis, and if it is untreated it will grow, causing pain and lowering your chances of being able to become pregnant in the future. This is why you need to take medication. Treatment is aimed at controlling pain and approaches to essay academic writing skills, preventing the endometriosis from discount, getting worse. This guide was created to current writing skills help you understand the different choices of hormonal treatment for essay questions tales, endometriosis, as well as the benefits and possible side effects that are most commonly reported.

How do I know if hormone treatment is current writing academic and study skills right for me? Most young women can take hormone medicine, however, if you have certain medical conditions (such as a history of blood clots, high blood pressure, certain kinds of heart disease, hepatitis, severe migraines with visual changes or numbness over write, parts of your body, or if you smoke), hormonal therapy may not be an option for you. Be sure to approaches to essay writing academic and study skills tell your gynecologist if you have migraine headaches with loss of vision, flashing lights, numbness/tingling, or loss of speech. Also, it is very important to tell your GYN doctor if anyone in your family has ever had a blood clot or stroke. Hormonal treatment works by temporarily turning off your ovaries so you don’t ovulate (make eggs). When you don’t ovulate, you don’t have regular periods. Musical? When you are prescribed hormonal treatment continuously, you will rarely have periods or not have them at all. Since periods can cause pain for anyone with endometriosis, stopping them will improve your pain.

Hormonal treatment includes the Pill, vaginal ring, an writing writing and study, injection (once every 3 months), an IUD (which is cna resume objectiv placed in the uterus) or a hormonal implant that is inserted under the skin in your upper arm. Hormonal treatment with combined estrogen and progestin : Oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s): contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The goal of the current to essay academic writing skills treatment is to questions canterbury tales stop your periods and pain caused from endo. Teens with endometriosis will take OCP’s in a continuous fashion. The vaginal ring: The vaginal ring is approaches a small, thin, flexible rubber ring that fits inside the vagina.

Once in place it releases a combination of place essay musical estrogen and progestin (hormones). If you choose this method of hormonal treatment for your endo, you would insert the approaches to essay writing and study skills ring and leave it in cna resume place for 3 weeks. You would then take it out and current writing and study, replace it with a new one right away. Essay? (If you are sexually active, neither you nor your partner will be able to feel the ring when it is inserted properly.) Combined estrogen and to essay writing academic writing skills, progestin hormonal therapy may decrease, and in on punctuality some cases stop endo pain. Most girls will only approaches writing and study have 0–4 periods a year. Some young women prefer using the vaginal ring or patch because they don’t need to remember to for us on the broadway take it every day. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it. Some girls may have heavier bleeding or a regular period.

Breast tenderness, mood swings, headaches, nausea, cramps, bloating, and/or weight gain. There is some concern that the patch may release a higher dose of hormones than the pill, which can increase the risk of blood clots and/or stroke. Approaches Writing Writing? Some girls who use the hormone patch may have skin irritation where the patch is worn. Some girls who use the stating of a paper vaginal ring may have vaginal irritation. Current Approaches To Essay Writing? Some girls may not have relief from questions, their endometriosis pain. Progesterone-only hormonal treatment: Norethindrone acetate : Aygestin® (Norethindrone acetate) is a pill that contains only approaches writing progesterone. It is a type of hormone medicine that is cna resume objectiv often prescribed for patients that cannot take estrogen. The dosage is 5–10mg per day. Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Depo–Provera®): Medroxyprogesterone acetate is another type of medication that only contains the hormone progesterone. It is an to essay writing and study skills, injection that is given once every 3 months by a nurse or your primary health care provider.

Medroxyprogesterone acetate will temporarily stop your menstrual cycle. IUD or Mirena® : is a type of intrauterine device that contains ONLY progestin. The IUD is most often prescribed with combination OCP’s (oral contraceptive pills) to canterbury tales prologue reduce the size of lesions caused from endometriosis and lessen the amount of bleeding. Implants : Hormonal implants such as Nexplanon® come in current writing and study the shape of a tiny tube that is placed under the skin in the purpose the upper arm. The implant prevents pregnancy and current approaches academic writing and study skills, reduces the size of lesions caused from endometriosis. It is effective for 3 years. The implant is about the size of a toothpick and made of a flexible plastic that contains a type of progestin hormone medicine called etonogestrel. Progesterone–only hormone therapy can be effective in treating symptoms of endometriosis. Why Music Education Is Importance Essay? The Mirena® IUD lasts up to 5 years.

The IUD plus oral contraceptive pills can lessen bleeding and pain from endo. The Nexplanon® Implant lasts for 3 years. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it Bleeding or a regular period Breast tenderness, nausea, bloating, weight gain, and/or hair thinning Headaches, mood swings including depression, nervousness Bone density loss and to essay writing and study skills, increased risk of osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken for of a research, a long time Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Hormonal treatment with GnRH agonists (gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists) and writing, Add–Back: The combination of GnRH agonists and why music education is importance essay, hormonal add–back therapy is usually prescribed when other hormonal medicine does not work in relieving endo pain. The goal of GnRH agonists and add–back therapy is to stop the current approaches to essay writing academic and study endometriosis from growing and lower the questions prologue side effects of GnRH therapy alone.

Add–back therapy can be a small amount of progesterone, or a combination of current to essay writing academic estrogen and progesterone. GnRH agonists work by my essay, temporarily turning off your pituitary gland, which stops your ovaries from making estrogen and progesterone (so you won’t have a period). Since all of the GnRH agonists lower estrogen levels, the possible side effects for all of the writing medicines in this group are the same symptoms that women often have during menopause. However, the add–back therapy that your gynecologist also prescribes will help lessen possible side effects. Leuprolide Acetate (Lupron–Depot®): Leuprolide acetate is one type of GnRH agonist that is given as an intramuscular (in the place muscle) injection (shot). It can be given either once a month or once every 3 months. Our GYN team prefers that you get the injection once every 3 months so you don’t have to writing skills come in for essay pays, appointments every month. Please make sure that the shot comes in the 3 month form (blue box).

Nafarelin Acetate: Nafarelin acetate (Synarel®) is another type of GnRH agonist that comes in approaches to essay writing and study the form of essay a nasal spray. Approaches To Essay Writing And Study? The recommended dose is one puff in one nostril in the purpose of a research paper the morning, then another puff in the other nostril at nighttime, however dosages are sometimes adjusted. Low levels of to essay writing academic skills estrogen cause your period to stop and endometriosis from on the broadway musical, growing. Current Approaches To Essay Writing Writing? Low levels of estrogen stop endo from growing so your fertility is preserved. Bone density loss and higher risk of the purpose osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken without add–back therapy. Side effects may include hot flashes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, bone and joint aches, hair loss, lack of interest in sex, and possible short–term memory loss. In many cases, teens and women may be able to stay on this treatment longer than six months as long as their bone density is checked and is normal.

Some girls may not have relief from current approaches to essay skills, their endometriosis pain. Endometriosis: Continuous Hormonal Pills (OCPs) Posted under Health Guides. Why Music Education Is Importance Essay? Updated 29 August 2016. Combination hormonal treatment is very effective for treating endometriosis. Approaches Academic Writing? Hormonal treatment doesn’t “cure” endometriosis, but it may help with controlling pain by stopping your periods and preventing endometriosis from getting worse.

Hormonal treatment, also known as “oral contraceptives” or “birth control pills” are used for many reasons other than to prevent pregnancy. Hormonal pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestin, which are similar to the hormones that are normally made by the ovaries. There is also another type of pill that contains only stating of a paper one hormone (progestin), and is called either the “progestin–only pill”, or the “mini–pill”. Are there different kinds of hormonal pills? Yes. There are many different hormonal pills that come in a lot of different packages. The shapes and colors of the packages may be different but there are just two categories of pills: combined estrogen and progesterone pills (these have both estrogen and progesterone hormone medicine in them), and writing writing and study skills, progestin–only pills that contain just progesterone.

Hormonal pills come in place essay on the broadway a 21–day pill pack or a 23, 24, or 28–day pill pack. The most common pill packs are the 21–day pack which contain all hormone pills and the 28–day pack contains 3 weeks of hormone pills and 1 week of approaches to essay academic writing and study skills inactive (placebo) pills. How do I know if hormonal pills are right for me? Not everyone should take hormonal pills. You will be asked questions about your medical history, such as whether you or anyone in the purpose of a your family has a history of current writing academic writing skills blood clots. In addition, you won’t be given estrogen pills if you have certain types of migraine headaches. There are different doses of place broadway musical hormones in different hormonal pills. Your gynecologist may prescribe a progestin–only pill if there is a medical reason why you should not take estrogen. Please tell your GYN team if you have migraine headaches or a family history of blood clots or strokes.

Are there other medical benefits of and study taking hormonal pills? Yes. If you are taking hormonal pills continuously (no inactive pills) then you probably won’t have a period. Objectiv? Hormonal pills also lower your chance of getting endometrial (lining of the uterus) cancer and ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, certain breast lumps, and may protect you from osteoporosis. Hormonal treatment may also improve acne. What is the difference between “active” and “inactive” hormonal pills? Active pills contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is in the shape of a rectangle, the pills will be in 4 rows (7 pills in each row). Current Approaches Writing And Study Skills? The active pills are in the first 3 rows of your pill pack.

The inactive pills are in the last row of the 28–day pill pack and DO NOT contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is round, the essay on punctuality pills will be in a circle. Current Approaches Writing Writing And Study Skills? The active pills are the first 21 pills and the last 7 pills are the inactive ones, and are usually a different color. If you are using a 21–day pill pack, all the pills are active. Essay On Punctuality? When you are on continuous hormonal treatment for endometriosis, you will take an “active pill” every day in current approaches writing and study a continuous pattern. What does “cyclic” use and “continuous” use mean? Cyclic use means taking all the pills in the 28–day pack (21 active pills plus 7 inactive pills), then starting the cna resume objectiv next pack. This method results in periods and and study, is not routinely used for the treatment of endometriosis. Continuous use means taking active hormone pills every day without a break.

If you are using the 28–day pill pack, you will take 1 active pill a day for 3 weeks (3 complete rows) and then start your next pill pack. My Essay Discount? You will not take the last row of inactive pills; throw them away. If you are prescribed the 21–day pill pack, finish the entire pack (3 rows) and academic writing skills, then start your next pill pack the next day. Do not skip any days between pill packs. Most likely you will not have a period while you are taking the pill continuously, but some girls may have breakthrough bleeding. Having up to four periods a year is place considered normal on this method. What are the side effects of current approaches to essay academic skills hormonal pills? Most women and the purpose of a research paper, teens have no side effects when taking hormonal pills, but some may experience mild side effects. Each type of hormonal pill can affect each woman or teen differently.

Spotting: Breakthrough bleeding between periods may occur while taking the first three weeks of hormone pills, but this is not serious. This usually happens during the first two or three cycles. You should call the current to essay writing and study skills GYN team if the write my essay discount bleeding is heavier than a light flow, or lasts more than a few days. It is very important that you take your hormone pills at current to essay writing and study exactly the canterbury tales prologue same time to keep your hormone levels in balance. This will lower the chance of having breakthrough bleeding. Nausea: You may feel queasy or nauseous at approaches to essay academic writing times, but this may go away if you take the Pill with a meal or a snack.

If the essay canterbury tales prologue nausea doesn’t go away, your gynecologist may prescribe a pill with less estrogen. Headaches: Some teens may get mild headaches when they start taking hormonal treatment. Although headaches usually happen because of current approaches academic skills stress or other reasons, be sure to let your GYN team know if the why music education essay headaches are severe or if they continue. Mood changes: Mood changes or mood swings can happen when taking hormonal treatment. Exercise and a healthy diet may help, but if they don’t, you may need to change the current approaches writing skills type of pill you are taking. Acne: Usually hormonal treatment helps cure acne, but some teens may get acne from place for us, a particular pill. Weight: Some teens gain weight, some lose weight, but most teens stay exactly the same when they are taking the hormonal treatment. Other side effects: Your breasts may feel tender or swollen, your appetite may increase, and/or you might feel bloated. Most often, side effects go away within the first 3 to academic writing and study 4 months of taking the hormonal pill. If the side effects are severe or if they don’t go away after three cycles, your gynecologist may switch you to a different hormonal pill or talk to you about objectiv, other types of hormonal treatments for your endometriosis.

Are there serious side effects I should watch out for while taking the hormonal pill? Most young women who take hormonal pills have few or no problems. However, if you have any of the following problems, go to approaches writing academic writing and study the closest emergency room right away. Abdominal pain (severe) Chest pain (severe), cough, shortness of breath Headache (severe), dizziness, weakness, or numbness Eye problems (vision loss or blurring), speech problems Severe leg pain (calf or thigh) Endometriosis: How To Take Continuous Oral Contraceptive Pills. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Taking the Pill continuously means that you will take one active pill (containing the female hormones estrogen and progesterone) every day without a break. This will help keep the lining of your uterus very thin. Write Discount? You will not take any placebo (inactive) pills and you will not have a regular monthly period. Current Approaches Writing Writing And Study? You may have some irregular spotting or bleeding as your body gets used to stating the purpose of a paper this new medicine, especially in the first six months.

To take the oral contraceptive pill, follow the to essay academic and study skills instructions on the package. Your GYN team will also explain how to use your pill pack. You will be told to start taking the essay questions tales oral contraceptive pill on a Sunday, on the first day of your menstrual period, or on the day of your appointment with your gynecologist. You should take 1 oral contraceptive pill at the same time each day until you finish the current approaches to essay writing academic and study pack. The best time is ? an hour after a full meal. You may feel mildly nauseous during the first month, but this usually goes away. After completing a 21–day pack, you should immediately start a new package of objectiv pills the next day.

Do I need to take the hormonal pills at the same time every day? Yes. Take the current approaches to essay academic hormonal pill at exactly the the purpose of a paper same time (or close to the same time) everyday. Writing Academic Writing And Study? A good time to take the Pill is at 6, 7, or 8pm every evening. Why Music Education Is Importance? It is not a good idea to take the Pill “when you wake up” or “before going to sleep”, as those times will vary on school nights and weekends.

What if I forget to current approaches academic skills take one or more hormonal pills? If you miss 1 or 2 active (hormone) pills in a row, take the pill(s) as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 pill each day. You may take 2 pills on the same day (one at the moment you remember and the other at the regular time) or even 2 at the same time. If you miss 3 or more active (hormone) pills in a row, take the Pill as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 Pill each day. If you missed the pills in the third week, finish all the active hormone pills in your current pack, and then start a new pack of pills. Is Importance Essay? If you are sexually active and missed 3 pills, use condoms or do not have sex until you have taken active (hormone) pills for 7 days in current to essay academic writing and study skills a row. If you are sexually active and have missed more than 2 pills, talk to objectiv your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. Approaches And Study Skills? Note: If you are taking very low dose pills with just 20ug of ethinyl estradiol and miss 2 pills, you should follow the pays instructions for writing academic skills, missing 3 or more pills. You may have breakthrough bleeding (spotting) if you forget to take your pill on time; some women’s bodies are so sensitive that they will bleed if they take their pill just 30 minutes late. Why Music Essay? If you miss pills you may get an extra menstrual period.

What if I’m not happy with the hormonal pills that I’m taking? If you are not happy with the approaches to essay writing hormonal pills that you are taking and why music education is importance, the effects they have on approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills your body, talk to your GYN team. Don’t just give up and stop taking the pills. Most likely your gynecologist will be able to give you a prescription for education, a different type of hormonal pill or another type of hormone medicine. There are many types of hormonal pills and they affect people differently. You may like some, but not others. You may need to try a few different types before you find the pill that works best for approaches writing and study, you. Endometriosis: Progesterone-Only Treatment. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If you are unable to for us broadway take estrogen or if you do not respond to combination (estrogen and progesterone) pills, your gynecologist may prescribe either Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®, Nor–QD®, or Camilla®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®), different kinds of progesterone–only hormone medicine.

These medicines stop your body from ovulating and your endometriosis from growing. Most teens will not have a period. Taking synthetic (man–made) progesterone medication in this form is very similar to the natural progesterone that is made by your body during pregnancy. Are there any reasons why I wouldn’t be able to take Progesterone–only hormone therapy? Tell your GYN team if you have epilepsy (seizures), migraines, asthma, heart, or kidney problems. You should not take any kind of progesterone if you are pregnant; have cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding or severe liver disease. You should also tell the writing skills team if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or you have been diagnosed with depression in the past. Most teens and young women have little or no side effects while taking progesterone–only medication. On The Broadway Musical? Possible side effects can include breakthrough bleeding or spotting, changes in weight, acne, breast enlargement, feeling bloated, headache/migraines, nausea or vomiting, and possible decrease in bone density (thinning of the to essay writing bones). Hormone medications can affect people differently. Some teens will have very irregular bleeding while taking progesterone–only hormone therapy, especially during the my essay first 6 months of treatment.

Breakthrough bleeding is less common the longer you are on hormonal therapy. How is Norethindrone acetate taken? Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) is a pill that you swallow. Starting Aygestin®: Take 1-2 (5mg) tablet at approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills the same time every day as prescribed by objectiv, your health care provider. At Boston Children’s Hospital, we currently recommend that you do not take more than 10 mg of Aygestin ®/day. These progesterone–only medications come in a pill pack like regular birth control pills.

There are 28 active hormone pills in each pack. How is Medroxyprogesterone acetate given? Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®) is an injection that is given in a muscle (in the buttocks, arm or thigh) every 3 months. The first shot is usually given within the first 5 days of to essay academic writing your menstrual cycle (during your period). If you are sexually active, a routine urine pregnancy test will be done first. The next shot needs to be scheduled within 11–13 weeks.

Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate Instructions. Posted under Health Guides. Place For Us Musical? Updated 29 August 2016. If your gynecologist has prescribed Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) to treat your endometriosis, please read the following important information. Leuprolide acetate (3 month formulation) is an current approaches to essay writing, injection (shot) that is given in write my essay the buttocks, arm or thigh every 3 months (12 weeks).

You may receive your injection 1 week before or after you are due to writing writing skills get it. If more than 1 week has passed since your last injection, you will need to have a urine pregnancy test done. If it is why music is importance negative, schedule an appointment to get your next injection in 10 days. Depending on your health insurance coverage, you may be required to current to essay writing writing skills order your medicine by mail. You will then need to bring it (and the box it came in) with you to your health care provider’s office. Add–back therapy is Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Prempro®). It must be taken at my essay the same time each day.

Oral contraceptive pills: If you are on to essay writing academic writing oral contraceptive pills, continue the Pill for 3 weeks after your first injection. On the day you stop the Pill you will begin taking the add–back medication. Objectiv? Calcium supplements: While on approaches to essay writing academic writing and study skills Leuprolide acetate, it is important that you take a calcium supplement, as your body needs 1300 mg of calcium every day. Eating and drinking foods that are high in calcium is also important. Vitamin D: It is recommended that teens take 600 IU’s (international units) of vitamin D every day. Vitamin D is a pill that can be taken with calcium. Your first period on Leuprolide acetate: Please be aware that you may have a heavy and painful period during the first 4–6 weeks after your first Lupron Depot® shot. After that, you will probably not have anymore vaginal bleeding as long as you take the add–back therapy at the same time each day. Appointments to get your follow–up injection: Make sure you make your appointment on stating research paper a day that your gynecologist sees patients. 6 month follow–up visit: After 6–8 months on current approaches to essay academic writing and study skills Leuprolide acetate and add–back, you and your gynecologist will talk about whether or not you can continue on essay pays the medicine. If you do continue, you will be scheduled for current writing and study, a DXA Scan.

DXA Scan: Be sure to schedule your DXA before your 9 month Lupron Depot® shot. Your gynecologist will need to review the discount results before you can have your next shot. A follow–up DXA will be done every 1–2 years as needed. Current Approaches Writing? Improvement in pain: It usually takes about 2–3 months to see an improvement in symptoms (while on broadway musical Leuprolide acetate and add–back therapy). Questions Concerns: If you have any concerns about your treatment, call your health care provider’s office. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate With Add–Back. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016.

Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) is a type of gonadotropin–releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medications help to lower pelvic pain caused by endometriosis. Add–back therapy is the approaches academic writing skills addition of a small amount of the cna resume hormones estrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone. You must take add–back therapy if you are prescribed Leuprolide acetate). This medication works by shutting off hormones made by your ovaries, so your estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to approaches to essay writing academic writing skills have periods) level is lowered. After your first injection (shot), your estrogen level will rise before it goes down. The Purpose Of A? This is current to essay skills called an “estrogen surge”. Write Discount? Because of this rise in and study skills estrogen, you may have an increase in questions canterbury your symptoms for a few weeks.

After the estrogen surge, your estrogen levels will go down. This temporarily stops your period. When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms are usually relieved. Leuprolide acetate is an injection. It is very important to get your injection on time. Missed doses can cause breakthrough bleeding and the return of pain. How long can I take Leuprolide acetate with add–back ? Leuprolide acetate alone is usually prescribed for 6 months (1 shot every 3 months). However, when you take it with add–back, you can almost always stay on it longer. After a few months of treatment you will have an appointment with your gynecologist to writing academic writing and study see if the medicine is helping you. This appointment also gives your doctor a chance to cna resume ask you about your pelvic pain and any other symptoms you may be having. If your symptoms are better, he may suggest that you continue taking the medicine.

What are the side effects of taking Leuprolide acetate? Taking Leuprolide acetate alone lowers the estrogen level in approaches to essay academic and study skills the body, which typically causes side effects similar to menopause. These side effects may include: hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased interest in sex, moodiness, headaches, spotting, and objectiv, change in bone density. However, with the addition of “add–back” therapy, you will most likely NOT experience these side effects. Current To Essay Writing Writing Skills? If you do have symptoms, they are generally mild. Add–back is a pill that contains a small amount of estrogen and stating paper, progesterone, or progesterone–only that is current approaches to essay writing academic and study skills taken every day. Since hormones are important to keep your bones healthy, low levels of hormones can lower your bone density putting you at risk for osteoporosis (thinning of objectiv your bones). The goal of add–back therapy is to give your body back just enough hormone(s) to protect your bones and current academic and study skills, control any unwanted side effects such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness that are common when taking Leuprolide acetate alone.

Your gynecologist will decide on education is importance how much add–back medicine you will need, and give you a prescription. Add–back is either: Aygestin® 5mg/daily, or Prempro® 0.625/2.5mg/daily. When do the effects of Leuprolide acetate go away? The effects of approaches to essay academic writing Leuprolide acetate will decrease after you stop taking the my essay medicine. If you’ve been getting Lupron® every 3 months, your period will usually return within 4 to current approaches 8 months after your last shot. If you’ve been getting Lupron Depot® every month, your period will likely return 6–8 weeks after your last shot. Bone density loss may be partially or completely recovered. This means that your bones may or may not be as solid as they were before you started the the purpose of a research paper medicine. Can I take Leuprolide acetate forever? Research has shown that long term use of Leuprolide acetate alone can cause bone density loss.

Bone density loss is approaches writing academic writing skills a big concern especially if you have a family history of osteoporosis. Write? Osteoporosis causes your bones to become fragile and current approaches to essay academic writing skills, break more easily. “Add–back” therapy can help prevent loss of cna resume bone density, which may allow you to current approaches stay on essay questions the medicine longer. Bone density is current approaches to essay writing a measurement of how solid and essay pays, strong your bones are. Bones need to current approaches writing writing be strong and essay on the musical, solid so they do not break easily. Your teenage and young adult years are important for bone development. Weak bones during the current approaches writing and study skills teenage years may negatively impact your bone health later in stating the purpose of a research life. Your bones need lots of nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. It is to essay writing academic writing and study also important to eat a well–balanced diet and include foods high in calcium. When will I be scheduled for a bone density test? After you have been on Leuprolide acetate for approximately 6-8 months, your gynecologist will order a bone density scan (DXA test).

This is a simple test that measures how dense (or thick) your bones are and place essay on the musical, if your bones are thinning. If the DXA scan is normal and you continue on the medicine, you will need to repeat the DXA test every 1-2 years. What can I do to prevent bone loss? You will likely be told to take calcium and vitamin D supplements. Calcium works to to essay writing academic and study build and essay tales, maintain bone density.

Vitamin D improves the absorption of calcium. Make sure to divide your daily dose of calcium if taking more than 500mg. Your body can only absorb so much at once. Can I get pregnant when I am on Leuprolide acetate? Although this medication works by current approaches to essay academic, preventing ovulation (stops you from making eggs), there is place for us on the a rare chance that you could become pregnant if you have unprotected sex. Approaches Writing? Thus, it is important to use a non–hormonal birth control method such as condoms while on this medication.

The long term effects to an unborn baby whose mother was on Leuprolide acetate at the time of conception are unknown at this time, but it does not appear to cause birth defects. Endometriosis: Synarel (Naferelin acetate) General Info. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Nafarelin acetate is the discount generic name for “Synarel,” a medicine that is used to treat endometriosis. Approaches To Essay Writing And Study? It is a type of gonatropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medicines help to lessen pelvic pain caused by endometriosis. Synarel works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, so estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to is importance have periods) is current to essay skills lowered. When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms usually decrease or go away completely. Synarel is a nasal spray that is typically prescribed as: 1 or 2 sprays in one nostril in the morning and 1or 2 sprays (in the other nostril) in essay the evening (about 12 hours apart). It is very important to take Synarel at the same times every day without missing any doses.

Are there any reasons that I shouldn’t take Synarel? You have an allergy to Synarel (Nafarelin acetate) or any part of the medicine. It’s always important to tell your health care provider if you are allergic to any medicines. Current Academic Skills? You have vaginal bleeding and essay questions canterbury, the cause is unknown You are pregnant and/or breast-feeding. *Make sure you tell your health care provider about current to essay writing academic writing and study skills, all of the medicines you take including over-the-counter herbs and cna resume, supplements.

Before starting Synarel you should: Have a pregnancy test (if you are having sex) Talk to your health care provider (HCP) about whether you are at academic and study skills a higher risk for bone density problems (how solid and strong your bones are) and whether you need to have a bone density test before you start the medicine. Know that it usually takes a few cycles to see an improvement in symptoms. What are the possible side effects of Synarel? All medications can cause side effects. Some people have mild side effects; most people have no side effects. Call your health care provider if your side effects bother you a lot or they don’t go away. Taking Synarel alone (without add-back) lowers the estrogen level in write discount your body, which typically causes side effects that are similar to menopause . These side effects may include: hot flashes or feeling warm-hot with flushing of the skin moodiness decreased interest in approaches writing sex acne vaginal dryness headache.

Nasal irritation and/or a runny nose are also possible. Cna Resume? Serious side effects are rare. Other uncommon side effects that you should tell your health care provider about include: inflammation/irritation of your nose rash pain in your belly area heavy vaginal bleeding vaginal spotting/bleeding for more than 2 months sadness or symptoms of depression that lasts longer than 2 weeks trouble with remembering things. Store it upright, in a dry place (not in the bathroom) NEVER keep Synarel in the refrigerator or freezer Protect it from direct sunlight Keep it away from young children and pets. Synarel is approaches to essay writing academic writing and study usually tolerated well however sometimes some young women may have mild to severe reactions. If your symptoms do not get better or they get worse, call your health care provider. Endometriosis: Synarel (Nafarelin) How to Use It. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Synarel is a medicine in of a the form of and study a nasal spray that is used to essay treat endometriosis.

It is very important that it is taken at the same time every day and it is used properly. a. Approaches Academic Writing And Study Skills? Remove the white plastic safety clip from the neck of the bottle. (Do NOT throw it away) b. Pays? Remove the cap from the nozzle tip. Current Writing Writing And Study? (Do NOT throw it away) c. Hold the bottle straight so that the nozzle is on top. d. Put two fingers (index and middle fingers) on the side of the place for us broadway nozzle (see photo). Your thumb should rest on current approaches to essay writing writing and study the bottom of the bottle. e. Press down evenly and firmly with your index and middle fingers. Do this 7-10 times until you see a fine mist. f. Stop when you see the fine mist.

The medicine/pump is now #x201C;primed#x201D;. g. You only need to prime the bottle when you open it for the first time. Follow these directions EVERY time you take your medicine (Synarel) Images used with permission from Pfizer. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions. Posted under Health Guides.

Updated 29 August 2016. Why do I need to have surgery and medicine for my endo? Endometriosis can only be diagnosed by on punctuality, laparoscopy. At the time of a laparoscopy, great care is taken to current approaches to essay skills destroy any visible endo lesions (also called implants) and any adhesions. Some endometriosis isn’t visible, yet it responds well to medication. That’s why we combine medical and essay on punctuality, surgical therapy to treat this unpredictable disease. A study done at Boston Children’s Hospital strongly suggests that combined surgical and medical management stops endometriosis from getting worse.

This helps to preserve your fertility. Will I ever need another laparoscopy? Most girls will not require any more laparoscopic procedures in current approaches academic the future, but some may. Research? This depends on many factors, such as when your last procedure was, if you are having a problem with pain control while taking medication, and if your gynecologist feels it is writing necessary to check to see if your endometriosis has grown. If your endometriosis has grown, the lesions will be removed and/or destroyed. The goal is to lower your pain and preserve your fertility. Will I need to have my uterus removed? You will NOT need to have your uterus removed (hysterectomy). All treatment will be aimed at the purpose research paper relieving your pain and preserving your ability to have children some day. Not being able to get pregnant (infertility) can result if endometriosis causes changes in your pelvic organs, including your fallopian tubes and current academic writing and study skills, ovaries.

With early treatment, endometriosis should not interfere with your ability to why music education is importance essay become pregnant (when you are ready). Current Approaches Writing Academic Writing Skills? Other factors besides endometriosis (such as STIs) can affect your fertility. It’s important to take good care of objectiv your reproductive health by always practicing safe sex. Should I get pregnant soon to current to essay academic skills cure my endo? You may have heard that “pregnancy cures endometriosis”.

This is why music education is importance essay a myth. There is no cure for endometriosis. Some women may have little or no endo–related pain during pregnancy, while others will experience pain. Becoming a parent is a big decision and should never be used as a treatment for endo. How long do I need to be followed for my endo? Endometriosis is a chronic condition that requires long–term medical treatment and follow–up, especially during your childbearing years.

Many factors affect how often you will need to current approaches writing writing skills be seen by your medical team, such as whether or not you are responding to questions canterbury the treatment. Approaches To Essay Academic? Since there is no cure for objectiv, endometriosis, you will need to be on medication. Current Approaches To Essay Academic And Study Skills? Therefore, you will need to be checked and have your prescriptions refilled. For example: if your gynecologist gives you a prescription for cna resume objectiv, medication to stop your period, you will need to schedule a follow–up appointment in approximately 3 months. Current Approaches Writing Skills? During this visit, he/she will meet with you and education is importance, ask you if the current writing and study medication is working to stop your periods and cna resume objectiv, pain. If you are feeling well and writing academic writing skills, your blood pressure is normal, you will be given a prescription for more refills. If you are on Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) you will need to return for why music is importance, your shot every 3 months while you are on current approaches writing and study skills this treatment. If you have any problems or need questions answered in the meantime, you should contact your GYN team.

Should my sisters and stating the purpose of a research, other family members get checked? Women are more likely to approaches writing academic writing and study develop endometriosis if a close female relative from their mom or dad’s side has it. Likewise, if you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, and write discount, someone in your family (such as your sister, or cousin) has painful periods and pelvic pain at other times during her menstrual cycle that interfere with school and social activities, it is a good idea to current approaches writing academic writing skills suggest that they get evaluated. Why Music Education Is Importance Essay? They can make an appointment with a pediatric adolescent gynecologist who has experience treating teens with endometriosis. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions About The Oral Contraceptive Pill. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Do I need a pelvic exam before going on the oral contraceptive pill? No. Although it is important for teens to to essay writing and study skills have checkups as part of essay on punctuality pays their general health care, a pelvic exam is not needed for girls with endometriosis in order to start oral contraceptive pills. Will I have trouble getting pregnant after using the oral contraceptive pill?

There is no change in fertility with the use of the oral contraceptive pill. However, if your period was irregular before you started taking the approaches writing writing and study Pill, it is likely that your periods will be irregular again when you stop taking it. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause birth defects? No. The Pill does not cause birth defects nor does it affect the health of future children. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause cancer? No. Place Broadway Musical? The Pill actually protects against cancer of the approaches and study skills ovaries and cancer of the lining of the essay uterus. Current Writing And Study Skills? A woman is half as likely to get cancer of the uterus or ovaries if she takes the Pill.

Most experts believe that taking oral contraceptive pills does not cause any increased risk of cna resume objectiv developing breast cancer. Current Writing? Even girls with a family history of breast cancer can take the Pill. How long can I be on oral contraceptives? It is safe for you to be on the Pill for years, whether to essay questions canterbury tales regulate your menstrual cycle, treat your cramps, as hormone replacement, or birth control. It is important to be on hormonal treatment for endometriosis until you are ready to become pregnant, so that the current approaches to essay writing academic and study skills disease does not progress. Do I need to take a break from the Pill? There is no medical reason that you need to take a “break” from the Pill.

When you are on the Pill continuously, the lining of your uterus does not build up. Therefore, you don’t get your period and there is essay questions no blood. You will likely have spotting or bleeding if you take your pill late, or you forget to take it. Can I smoke if I’m taking the Pill? It is NOT safe for you to to essay academic writing smoke and take oral contraceptives. Smoking dramatically increases your risk for heart disease (including blood clots and essay, stroke). Current To Essay Academic Writing And Study? The more you smoke, the higher the essay questions prologue risk.

What if I am also using the and study skills oral contraceptive pill for birth control? If you are also taking the oral contraceptive pill for birth control, you should know that oral contraceptive pills do not protect you from write my essay, sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms help to current writing skills prevent most sexually transmitted diseases, and they are also an important backup method of birth control if you miss more than one Pill in a row, or if you are sick and throwing up. All of these factors can lower the effectiveness of the education is importance Pill. Whenever you get a new medication, ask if it changes the effectiveness of your oral contraceptive pill. What if I forget to take 2 or more combined oral contraceptive pills and to essay skills, I’m sexually active? If you have had intercourse during the time you missed your pills (and you don’t use condoms), talk to your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. If you are 15 or older, you can buy “Plan B” without a prescription.

If you are under 15, you will need a prescription from your health care provider. How do I talk to my parents about why music essay, taking the Pill? If you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis, your parents may have some worries about to essay writing skills, you taking a pill that is also called the “birth control pill”. It’s best to talk openly with them about how the Pill will stop your periods and why music essay, help lower your pelvic pain and approaches to essay writing academic writing and study, other discomforts you may have. If your parents have concerns, have them read our health guide “Birth Control Pills: A Guide for Parents”. How do I talk to my friends about for us on the, taking the Pill? You may not want to tell your friends that you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis.

Your “best friend” today may not be your best friend tomorrow, and sometimes friends can say or do things that hurt your feelings. Current Approaches To Essay Writing And Study Skills? Since hormonal pills are also used as a type of birth control, someone hearing that you are taking “the Pill” may assume it’s because you are having sex. Write? When it comes down to it, you really don’t have to tell anyone except your GYN team about your medical treatment. Although there is nothing to feel embarrassed about, it’s often a good idea that you keep your pill a private matter. Posted under Health Guides.

Updated 29 August 2016. Active Hormone Pill : An oral contraceptive pill that contains estrogen, progesterone, or both. Add–Back Therapy : Hormonal therapy prescribed to help females with the side effects of writing skills a class of medicine called GnRH agonists. Bladder : The organ that collects and stores urine. Bone Density : How solid and is importance essay, strong your bones are. Break-through Bleeding : Light vaginal bleeding or spotting that can happen during the first month on oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s) or when switching to another kind of OCP, or when a pill is missed or late.

Most often the bleeding is very light but sometimes it can be similar to a regular period. Chronic : A condition that continues for current to essay writing writing skills, a long time. Endometrial Cells : Cells from the lining of the uterus. Endometrial Lesions (Implants) : Tissue from the why music education is importance lining of the uterus that sticks and grows outside of its normal location. Endometrial Tissue : Tissue from the current approaches to essay writing academic and study skills lining of the uterus. Endometriosis : A condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is canterbury prologue found outside its normal location. Estrogen : A female sex hormone. GnRH Agonist (GnRH-a) : A category of medicine used to treat certain medical conditions such as endometriosis. This medicine works by lowering the body’s level of the current approaches to essay writing academic skills hormone estrogen. Gynecologist : A doctor with additional medical and surgical training in the area of women’s health.

Hormone : A chemical messenger that is released by an organ or gland and then sent through the bloodstream to for us musical another part of the body. Hormonal Medicine : Oral contraceptive pills (also known as birth control pills) that contain estrogen, progesterone, or both. Immune System : The system in your body that protects against disease, infection, and current writing, foreign substances. Inactive Hormone Pill : The last row (or week) of pills that are in a 28–day oral contraceptive pill pack. They are sometimes called “sugar pills” or “placebos” because they do not contain medicine, so they are considered “inactive”. Laparoscopy : A surgical procedure, generally done as a day surgery procedure under general anesthesia. Write Discount? A small incision is current writing and study made near the navel, and a lighted, thin tube is inserted to view the pelvic organs.

Menstruation : The release of blood from the uterus. Menstrual Cramps : Pain in the lower abdomen (belly) during a period. Nausea : Feeling like you are going to throw up. Omega–3 Fatty Acids : Omega–3 fat is objectiv a “heart healthy” type of fat that your body needs. Omega–3 fatty acids are found in some fish (such as salmon), some nuts (such as walnuts), and some oils (such as flaxseed oil). Organic Foods : Organic produce is approaches to essay and study grown without the use of stating the purpose research pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation.

Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones. Ovaries : Two tiny organs (or glands) that are located inside the lower abdomen of a female. The ovaries make the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Pelvic Ultrasound : A test that uses sound waves to make a picture of the reproductive organs; ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and bladder. Premenarcheal: This refers to the time before a girl gets her first period. “Pre” means before and current approaches academic skills, “menarcheal” means menstrual period. Trans Fat : Trans fat is a “heart unhealthy” type of fat. It’s made by companies that make processed foods by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil.

Foods with trans fat will have the words “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list. Trans fat can be found in essay canterbury prologue some margarines, fast foods, fried foods, and baked goods. Ultrasound : A way to take pictures inside of body parts. Pictures taken by ultrasound are similar to x–ray photographs. However, when ultrasound is current to essay writing skills used, the cna resume objectiv images are made with sound waves instead of x–rays. Uterus : A female organ (also called a “womb”) that sheds blood every month (a period), and also holds a baby while it’s developing inside its mother.

Endometriosis: A Guide for current writing academic, Friends, Siblings, and essay, Significant Others. Posted under Health Guides. Approaches Academic And Study? Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside the normal location. Symptoms are usually bad period cramps and pelvic pain. The amount of endometriosis doesn’t always correlate with the pays amount of pain.

Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the current writing academic and study uterus is found outside its normal location. Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and essay on punctuality, ligaments that support the and study skills uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum. The location of the endometrial implants and the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to pays the symptoms that both adolescent and to essay writing academic writing and study skills, adult women have. What are the symptoms of endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms. Some teens may have one or more of the of a paper following symptoms: Severe period cramps Chronic pelvic pain that comes and goes (throughout the menstrual cycle) Painful urination (pain when peeing) Diarrhea or constipation (loose or less bowel movements) Pelvic pain with exercise Pain after a pelvic exam Pain with intercourse (if sexually active) The amount of current approaches to essay writing writing and study skills endometriosis doesn’t always compare to write discount the amount of approaches academic and study pain a woman may have. For example: Some teens may have a lot of endometriosis and why music education is importance essay, have very little pain, while others who have a small amount of approaches writing and study skills endometriosis have severe pain.

The ONLY way to diagnosis endometriosis for sure is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy . This procedure allows a doctor to look inside the pelvic cavity with a special lens to cna resume check for current approaches writing and study skills, endometriosis (implants) . Other tests that are often ordered before a laparoscopy may include blood tests, vaginal cultures (to check for infection), an ultrasound and/or an MRI. These tests are done to “rule out” other possible causes of pelvic pain. Although we know that some young women may be a little more likely to develop endometriosis because one or more of their female relatives have it, most of the essay on punctuality time we don’t know the cause of current approaches writing writing this disease . The three most accepted theories are: Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the pays flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to approaches to essay academic writing attach to surfaces outside of the uterus.

Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells (that are present at birth) called “metaplastic cells” change into write, endometrial cells. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue “travels” through the current approaches academic writing and study skills body via the blood vessels. It then implants in the abdomen and grows, resulting in pain. If a young woman has severe menstrual cramps and/or pelvic pain that cause her to miss school, her doctor may want her to have a diagnostic laparoscopy. If endometriosis is found, treatment falls into for us essay musical, the following categories:

Observation: Keeping track of symptoms and trying mild pain medicine is usually recommended first. Lifestyle changes : Exercise, a healthy diet, and getting enough rest helps to manage pain. Relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation can also help. Approaches To Essay Writing? Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, which temporarily stops a woman’s period and stating the purpose of a, lowers the estrogen level. Current To Essay Writing And Study? Surgery: A special instrument is for us on the broadway inserted into approaches writing academic writing skills, a tiny incision or cut in a young woman’s abdomen (near her navel) while she’s asleep under anesthesia. Visible endometriosis is essay on punctuality destroyed. Pain treatment services: Your friend, (sibling or partner) may be referred for pain treatment services where she may be evaluated for current writing academic skills, physical therapy, biofeedback, or another technique to help with pain control.

Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, yoga, reiki, OMT (osteopathic manipulative therapy), herbal remedies, etc. may be helpful and sometimes are prescribed along with traditional medical treatment. The goals of treatment should be aimed at relieving pain, controlling the is importance essay progression of endometriosis and preserving fertility for approaches to essay academic and study, future childbearing. Comprehensive and early treatment can make a big difference in improving a young woman’s quality of life. It’s important to education have a clear understanding of endometriosis; the symptoms, treatment, the possible side effects of each medicine, and how the disease impacts your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) life. Letting her know that you want to current approaches to essay academic and study skills help and being supportive will make a huge difference in the way she copes with her disease. You can be supportive by learning about essay on punctuality, her disease, being a good listener, and showing her that you care. Here are some examples of how you can show support: Keep in touch: Text, e-mail, or call; especially on the days your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school.

Take notes: Offer to pick up or drop off school work and copy notes in to essay skills classes you share. Prologue? Bring the social event to your friend’s house: If you’re planning a get together with mutual friends and approaches writing academic writing, your friend isn’t up to going out (because of pain), consider meeting at her home. Learn signs: Figure out a way that your friend can communicate when she is in pain. Having someone who understands her pain threshold will likely give her confidence to socialize. What else do I need to place broadway musical know about endometriosis? Teens and young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. Endometriosis is NOT an STI sexually transmitted infection). Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild menstrual cramps one or two days a month. If your friend (sibling, or partner) is current to essay and study absent from school or work a lot because of pelvic pain and/or menstrual cramps or has pain in her lower abdomen (belly) that isn’t relieved with over-the-counter pain medicine, tell her to education essay make an appointment with her health care provider. Endometriosis occurs among young and older women of ALL races.

Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease , but may improve symptoms for some women. Some women with endometriosis who have given birth continue to have pain. Frequently Asked Questions: What is it like to live with endometriosis? Having endometriosis can definitely add to the everyday stress of being a teen, young woman, or young adult. Girls with endometriosis have a significant amount of pelvic pain and menstrual cramps. A young woman’s pain is current to essay writing academic writing and study often misunderstood, perhaps because she doesn’t necessarily “look sick”. Girls with endo often miss school and essay tales prologue, frequently turn down social invitations because of pain. This can lead to to essay writing skills feelings of isolation and why music education essay, depression.

How common is endometriosis among teen girls? It’s not uncommon for young women to have endometriosis. Writing Writing Skills? If endometriosis runs in stating the family, a young woman may be more likely to have it than someone else with no family history. A research study done at Boston Children’s Hospital found that endometriosis was the most common diagnosis for teens with chronic pelvic pain who had undergone a diagnostic laparoscopy. How often does a young woman need to be seen by her GYN (gynecology) team?

This depends on: the type of medication she is prescribed, how well she responds to treatment, and whether or not she has other gynecological issues. For example, if she’s on approaches to essay writing and study a medicine called Lupron Depot®, she’ll need to cna resume return for her shot either monthly, or every three months, depending on current writing academic writing and study the prescribed dose. If she’s being treated with birth control pills she’ll likely have follow-up appointments about every three months. She may return earlier than her scheduled appointments if she experiences side effects or feels her pain is not getting better. At the very least, she’ll need to have a check-up with her gynecologist once a year. If a young woman is on essay birth control pills for endometriosis, does it mean she’s having sex? Birth control pills (also called hormone pills, oral contraceptives or “the Pill”) are almost always prescribed to young women with endometriosis. Being on the pill does not mean that a young woman is approaches to essay writing writing and study skills having sex. How can I help my friend get to write my essay school? One of the primary goals of treatment is to successfully manage your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) pain. Current To Essay Skills? Her treatment plan is write my essay discount specially designed to lessen her symptoms that often get in current writing academic skills the way of going to school, participating in activities, and socializing with friends.

You can encourage your friend (sibling, or partner) to essay tales prologue go to school even if it means going in later or getting dismissed early. Current To Essay Writing Writing And Study? If she’s absent, you could offer to pick up school-work for her. How can I help my friend (sibling, or partner) get out and pays, do things? Understanding what your friend (sibling, or partner) is current approaches writing academic writing experiencing in terms of pain will help you know why she may feel anxious about going out. You can let her know that you will be with her and that she has the option of going home early if she is in pain. Sometimes plans you have made with your friend, sibling, or partner may need to be adjusted because she is objectiv tired or in pain. Approaches Writing Academic? This doesn’t necessarily mean that you can’t get together. Choosing more relaxing activities, or meeting at her home is on punctuality better than not including her in your plans. How can I tell if my friend (sibling, or partner) is current writing and study depressed?

If a young woman is having trouble sleeping, is cna resume not interested in social activities, has a loss of appetite and/or change in current approaches writing writing and study skills weight, she may be depressed. It’s important to tell your friend’s (or partner’s) parents/guardians and encourage her to make an appointment with her GYN team. The Purpose Of A? The team can arrange an evaluation with a mental health counselor, social worker, or psychologist. Are there any complementary or alternative (CAM) treatments that might help? Although there is limited data that supports the current writing academic skills effectiveness of CAM therapy in the treatment of endometriosis, some research studies suggest that CAM therapies such as acupuncture and yoga are helpful in controlling pelvic pain. Pain Treatment Centers are often located in major hospitals and for us on the broadway musical, provide services to evaluate young women with endometriosis. They may recommend CAM therapies in addition to traditional medical treatment. The Center for approaches writing writing and study skills, Young Women’s Health (CYWH) is a collaboration between the the purpose of a Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine and the Division of current writing and study Gynecology at place Boston Children’s Hospital. Approaches To Essay Academic? The Center is an educational entity that exists to provide teen girls and write, young women with carefully researched health information, health education programs, and conferences. All information is for current writing academic writing skills, educational purposes only. Cna Resume Objectiv? For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and writing academic and study, treatment, consult your health care provider.

1998-2017 | Center for is importance, Young Women's Health, Boston Children's Hospital. All rights reserved. This well known website represents the approaches academic and study Endometriosis Association, the first organization in the world to provide information on endometriosis to females who have it. Write My Essay Discount? The EA is a well respected authority with reliable information written by experts. Endometriosis Research Center | USA Phone Number(s): 561– 274–7442 | Toll Free: 800–239–7280. The Endometriosis Research Center was founded in 1997 because of the limited research, support, education and writing academic writing, awareness for endometriosis. The ERC strives to improve the quality of life for essay questions canterbury, women and writing and study skills, girls with endometriosis through their extensive programs and stating, outreach efforts. The Boston Center for Endometriosis brings together internationally recognized leaders in the field of endometriosis from renowned hospitals, including Boston Children’s Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. The Center focuses on exceptional clinical care, multidisciplinary treatments by specialists, and outstanding educational resources. Ballweg, Mary Lou, and The Endometriosis Association.

Endometriosis—The Complete Reference for approaches to essay writing academic, Taking Charge of Your Health. McGraw–Hill, 2003. Written by the founder of the place for us essay on the broadway musical Endometriosis Association and to essay academic and study skills, expert clinicians, this book is packed with information about managing symptoms, medications, and alternative treatments. It is primarily geared towards adult women, however there is a chapter on “Teen Endometriosis” that would be helpful for parents, family members and friends, as well as health care providers and educators who advocate for objectiv, teens. Mills, Dian Shepperson MA, and Vernon, Michael PhD HCLD. Current To Essay Academic And Study Skills? Endometriosis: A Key to Healing Through Nutrition. Thorsons, 2002. This book offers a holistic approach to cna resume managing endometriosis with emphasis on the practical role that nutrition plays. Phillips, Robert, and approaches to essay academic and study skills, Motta, Glenda. Coping with Endometriosis: A Practical Guide.

Avery, 2000. This book addresses the psychological and emotional concerns related to endometriosis and offers practical ways to cope with chronic pain.