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APUSH® DBQ Expert Breakdown (New 2018 Rubric) Students who score a 5 on the APUSH® exam do two things very well. First, they know exactly how to earn each point (of the seven points awarded) on the document-based question (DBQ). Second, they practice DBQs, point-by-point. Keep Scrolling to university, Watch the Videos. Well, we’ve made it easy for you. We sat down with AP® US History Question Leaders Chris Averill and of virginia college essays Paul Faeh to ask them how to succeed on the APUSH exam. Then we summarized their suggestions. University Ap Biology Essays! (Click the image above a full size picture) Use the HTML below to embed the infograph on your site: a href=#8221;https://apprend.io/apush/apush-dbq-breakdown/#8221;img src=#8221;http://apprend.io/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/New-DBQ-Infographic-Large.jpg#8221; alt=#8221;AP US History DBQ Rubric Explained#8221; width=#8221;700px#8221; border=#8221;0#8243; / Make sure to add an /a at of virginia essays the end of the HTML code. Please include attribution to university of georgia essays, apprend.io with this graphic.
Put This Infograph on Your Site! Chris Averill has been an AP Grader since 1994 (so 23 years), most recently serving as the Operational DBQ Grader- meaning he was in charge grading approx. 380,000 essays for the 2017 exam. He has served on the Test Development Committee (2010-2014) and is widely considered one of the foremost AP graders in the country. Round Schooling Essay! Paul Faeh has been an AP Grader since 2001 (17 years), most recently serving as the Alternate DBQ Grader- meaning he was in charge of grading the alternate DBQ for the 2017 exam. In the summer of 2017, Paul served as the head DBQ grader for university of georgia essays, the redesign of the DBQ rubric. Paul is an expert in AP US History teaching and exam grading.
So now all you need to do is to download the sample prompts and essays. The 3 Big Thesis Takeaways: Established a historical defensible/accurate claim Create a line of reasoning Evaluate the prompt. The thesis requirement according to year schooling essay, the AP US History Rubric: Responds to the prompt with a historically defensible thesis/claim that establishes a line of reasoning. Historically, the thesis is the biggest struggle for students. Yet the thesis is the most important part of the of georgia DBQ. Why is the thesis thesis the most important part?
The thesis sets the university of georgia tone for the whole essay and clearly outlines the arguments the essay will defend. Simply put, without a strong thesis, you cannot have a strong essay. How do you create a strong thesis? Follow these three steps. 1) Establish a historically defensible claim. Resume Cover Letter! A historical defensible claim simply means is the argument you present in the thesis historical accurate. For the of georgia thesis, you must make a claim or an argument. This claim/argument is what you will be supporting and defending throughout the essay.
So if your claim/argument is not historical accurate, or historical defensible, then you will not be able to support it with historical evidence. Thesis! 2) Establish a line of reasoning. A line of reasoning is simply the reasons you present to of georgia ap biology, support your argument/claim. Helper Form! Any good thesis will make a historical defensible claim/argument. A line of reasoning is- what are your reasons for making this historical defensible claim/argument. Typically, each of the university essays reasons you provide in your thesis will each be addressed in of virginia essays a body paragraph.
So the line of reasoning lets the exam reader know what your body paragraphs will be about. The prompt will ask you to evaluate the extent of a historical development. Your thesis must clearly state your evaluation of the university ap biology extent of the historical development. One way to think about it: To what degree did the development influence the time period provided in the prompt. For some examples, look at the “Grader’s Perspective” below. BONUS) Practice writing a thesis. Yes, it is ok to practice writing a thesis. In fact, Chris and Paul HIGHLY recommend you practice writing a thesis. Practice writing a thesis. Go find to grading, the College Board website and get the university of georgia released essay questions and practice writing a good thesis for the essays.
And make sure to read this part. The thesis should be 2-3 sentences long. Prompt: Evaluate the relative importance of different factors that caused the movement for American Independence between 1754 and schooling 1776. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays! In your response, consider both the underlying forces and specific events that contributed to the growing support for independence. Practice: Write a practice thesis for the prompt above. When you are done, click the toggles below . There were many reasons for the American Revolution. The colonists were angry at the British and wanted to revolt. There were also many events that led to cover letter for internship, the Revolution between 1754 and 1776. There were a number of factors that caused Americans to revolt during the twenty years prior to the Revolution. University Of Georgia Essays! The British did not let the colonies have their own trade. They also violated a number of individual rights.
Events that showed these violations were acts such as the Stamp Act and Intolerable Acts. Thesis! Probably, the most important reason was the violation of natural rights for of georgia essays, without these there is no freedom. In short, though the Enlightenment principles of Locke’s social contract and year round essay the belief in inalienable rights were a strong foundation for the revolution, the fact was that the colonists would not tolerate a perceived stifling of their economic rights. Of Georgia Ap Biology! Excessive taxation and denial of essay on high tuition economic self-sufficiency for essays, well over a century were the true causes of resume helper form this revolution. Enjoying the fruits of their own labor and economic liberty were prizes too big not to revolt. Which of of georgia essays these theses is etymology, most likely to get the thesis point? Another way to ask this question is which thesis clearly outlines the student’s position on of georgia essays the topic, and states exactly what the student will defend in the essay? Let’s look at the three thesis examples again. Thesis #1: The student does not establish a line of reasoning for their essay. Stating the colonists were angry does not indicate the factors that caused this anger.
The introduction sentences also do not introduce the relative importance of any factors. Thesis #2: The thesis is found in of virginia college essays the introduction paragraph. It states that British violated economic and natural rights and states the relative importance by elevating natural rights by stating that there is no liberty without protections of natural rights. Though the thesis is simplistic, it gets over the bar by making a claim it will try to university of georgia ap biology essays, substantiate. Thesis #3 : The student correctly identifies the underlying forces for the revolution as economic discrimination against the colonists and violations of enlightenment principles by essay on high tuition the Crown. The student also maintains that the economic reasons for revolting were more significant thus pointing directly to of georgia ap biology essays, the relative importance of the two factors. READER TIP: If the prompt asks the student to “evaluate” or state “how much”, the thesis must state to what extent. Thesis Etymology! If you do not specifically evaluate to this extent, you will not get the point.
Where should you put the thesis? Ideally, the thesis should be placed in the introduction. However, the thesis can be in the conclusion. Why is the introduction better? Because if the thesis is the first thing you write, it will then be in the introduction and it will give you direction and clarity on what to write for the remainder of the of georgia essay. The Thing to Know about Contextualization. Contextualizing helps sets the of virginia essays scene for the prompt. What has happened up until this point that directly influences the events of the prompt? Contextualization is taking the university events of the prompt and connecting them to important historical themes/developments, which directly influenced the events of the prompt. The Contextualization point according to the AP US History Rubric: Describes a broader historical context relevant to resume letter for internship, the prompt. In other words, you situate the development into the time period . Contextualization is not background information.
Background information are specific events that happened. Contextualization will focus on the big themes/ideas/developments that have influenced the university of georgia question. A logical place for contextualization is in the first or second paragraph, right after the thesis. This will set up the on high entire essay for the reader. They know your arguments and how you see the development situated in of georgia ap biology essays the time period. Reader Tip : What big trends are happening during the prompt? Start your contextualization there.
BONUS) Contextualization should be a minimum of two sentences. Now it’s practice time. How would you contextualization the following prompts? Example Prompt: Evaluate the relative importance of different factors that caused the movement for thesis, American Independence between 1754 and 1776. In your response, consider both the underlying forces and specific events that contributed to the growing support for of georgia, independence. There were many reasons for the American Revolution. The colonists were angry at the British and wanted to revolt. There were also many events that led to the Revolution between 1754 and grading sat essays 1776. In Document 1, the snake shows disunity in the colonies.
The colonists were probably angry over how the university ap biology king was trying to divide them. In the Virginia Resolves, Document 2, the colonists said that they had the right to essay college tuition, tax themselves. Taxes seemed to make them very angry. This was in response to the Intolerable Acts and other taxes. George Washington also did not like these taxes and said that manufacturers would help American industry. (3) Enlightenment ideas were ideas about liberty and of georgia essays individual rights. Resume! They began in of georgia essays the 18 th century. The colonists thought that their rights were being taken away. In Common Sense, Thomas Paine states that hereditary rights of kings could not be the basis of a good government. (6) Other rights taken away were stated in the Declaration of Independence in an attempt to convince the colonies to unify to revolt against the British monarchy. The Declaration included John Locke’s idea of sat essays a social contract. (7) Even Tories brought up enlightenment principles.
In 1775, a Tory wrote that colonists enjoyed the natural right of petitions and that the Crown and Parliament were listening to colonial concerns. (5) If not for enlightened ideas there wouldn’t have been a revolution. Fundamentally, the colonists had always thought of themselves as economically independent. Since the day the university essays English landed at Jamestown and became economically viable with tobacco they were in many ways independent from England. England, like other European monarchies of the 18 th century, had created the of virginia college essays mercantile system of trade between the of georgia essays colonies and the mother country whereby they sold manufactured goods to the colonists in exchange for colonial agricultural goods and year schooling essay raw materials. Though both sides benefited to of georgia, some degree, the colonists beginning in the early 18 th century, began to skirt the very laws that England had emplaced to control this trade. They discovered that they could smuggle goods to the Spanish and etymology French West Indies and university make much larger profits than they could by only trading with the British West Indies. The mercantile system forced them to be paid less for their goods so that English middlemen could then sell their valuable goods (such as tobacco) to the Spanish and French. When the British caught on resume helper form to colonial smuggling they began to crack down on smugglers with the Sugar Act of 1764. University Of Georgia Essays! They took away trial by jury in the new Vice-Admiralty courts created. Unbeknownst to the King, they had now taken the first steps towards creating the Revolution. Contextualization #1 : There is no attempt at contextualization.
Contextualization #2 : The attempt at the beginning the paragraph to establish a contextualization point with the discussion of Enlightenment ideas does not get over the bar for the point. The discussion needs more elaboration as to cover for internship, what the individual rights and Enlightened principles were and ap biology how they were a fundamental force causing the revolution. Contextualization #3 : In the essay tuition paragraph, the university of georgia student thoroughly explains the system of mercantilism that existed in the 18 th century as the trade development that preceded and continued during the period of the question. This context directly establishes the fundamental economic trend and why its monopolistic tendencies were a cause of the revolution. This is an extremely healthy explanation and points would have been awarded even if it was half this length. For each document, you need to etymology, use the content of the document to support your point.
Ask yourself this question for each document: “How can the idea of university of georgia ap biology this document support my argument?” If you answer that question, you are on the right track. Essays! There are two points with Document Use: Uses the content of at least three documents to address the topic of the prompt. Supports an argument in response to the prompt using at least six documents. Ap Biology! To get the etymology 1 st point, you simply must state the content of the document and relate it to the prompt. It’s a straightforward point. The second point is a trickier. So lets talk about that. To get the second point, you must use the content of at least six documents to support your argument. How can you tell if your getting the point?
Have you taken the idea of the document to advance your argument? If so, you will probably get credit for university essays, that document. Of Virginia College Essays! If you simply quote a document, you won’t get the point. If you don’t use the content of the document to support your argument, you won’t get the point. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays! The test creators gave you each of the seven documents for sat essays, a reason. Each document will show a different development aspect of the of georgia prompt. Use the idea of the document to support your argument. Reader Tip: Use 7 documents. That way if you misuse one document, you still get the point. Bonus Tip! Connect the ideas of documents (transition words help with this).
This will help tie the essay together and will help you earn the Reasoning point. *Try to grade the examples yourself and see if they should receive the point. Resume For Internship! Unity was another issue arising during this time. The 1754 “join or die” cartoon was an attempt to unite the colonies. The point of view of the cartoon is that of a Rebel. (1) George Washington also attempted to bring the colonies together to university essays, support British manufacturing in order to reduce taxes. (3) Though not all agreed with revolting, many did. By 1776, the reasons to revolt were too great and the Revolution began. In response to this tax, the Virginia Assembly stated that they were the only legitimately elected legislature that had the university of virginia essays “exclusive right and university of georgia essays power to levy taxes” (2) In addition to resume form, taxes, The economic right to private property was directly infringed upon when British troops would search anywhere and anytime with their writs of university of georgia essays assistance. Sam Adams thought this extremely tyrannical for the British were violating “personal security, personal liberty, and grading sat essays private property.” (4) Document Use #1 : The reference to the content of Doc. 1 is very unclear and thus doesn’t get credit. University! Over what issue is the cartoon attempting to essay college tuition, unite them?
The student must clarify the reason. The cartoon itself was an attempt to unite the colonies to fight the Native-Americans during the French and Indian War and support the Albany Plan for Union and is unrelated to the American Revolution 22 years later as the student implies with its qualifying sentence. Document Use #2: The student correctly utilizes the content of all 7 documents. Docs 1 and 3 are used in par. 3. Ap Biology! Docs 2 and 4 are used in paragraph 4. Docs 7, 5 and 6 are used in paragraph 5. Pay particular attention to how the student only uses “power quotes” to finish thoughts. The student takes the main idea/perspective/opinion of the document and ties it directly to its larger issue presented. Step 1: What historical evidence do you know on your own? Step 2: How does that historical evidence advance your argument? You must present the evidence and use it to advance your argument to get the college essays Outside Evidence point.
The Outside Evidence points states: Uses at least one additional piece of the specific historical evidence (beyond that found in the documents) relevant to an argument about the prompt. The key to getting the point is to use your outside evidence to advance your argument. You cannot simply state your outside evidence and move on. Outside evidence does not have to be a specific event, it can be a trend/development during the time period. Three things to of georgia essays, know about Outside Evidence: 1) It must fall within the resume time period of the prompt. Do NOT go outside the time period. University Of Georgia Ap Biology! 2) You cannot double dip points. Contextualization is different than Outside Evidence. 3) Try to use 2-3 pieces of Outside Evidence, just to be sure you can get the point.
Economic issues were also a big topic that caused the Revolution. The British had taxed the colonists for two decades. The Sugar Act and Townshend Acts were two taxes that caused the year essay colonists anger because the Crown was taxing them internally. Ap Biology Essays! The Stamp Act caused the largest outcry for it taxed many items and was a direct tax. The House of Burgesses opposed these with their Virginia Resolves. They stated that only colonial legislatures had the power to university of virginia college, tax within the colonies (2) Sam Adams, the university essays leader of the Sons of Liberty who tried to bring about revolution, stated that the colonists enjoined all the rights of Englishmen, including protection of their property rights. (4) These taxes violated those property rights. British taxation policies on the colonists were one of the most visible and sat essays atrocious acts perceived by the colonists. For over a century, the colonists had accepted the parliamentary taxes on foreign goods entering the university of georgia ap biology colony (external taxes) for purposes of payment for British naval protection. However, with the taxing of British West Indies sugar into the 13 mainland colonies under the 1764 Sugar Act Parliament had begun taxing goods traded between colonies and not just foreign goods. Never before had the Parliament taxed colonial goods traded within and between colonies (internal taxation). Round Essay! Outside Evidence #1 : Though not very elaborate, the of georgia ap biology discussion at the beginning of grading paragraph 3 concerning taxation gets over the threshold to receive the point.
There is enough elaboration of what the taxes were and why they were offensive to the colonists to warrant the essays point. Outside Evidence #2 : In this paragraph, the student received the point for university, its clear and extensive discussion of university essays taxation issues. It correctly brings forth the grading sat essays colonial distinctions between internal and external taxes and gives specific laws that illustrated it. Note that the student brings in quite a bit of outside evidence throughout. However, to university essays, get the point a student needs to only bring forth a single issue/trend/development or piece of outside information and directly tie it to the argument made. A simple phrase or mention will not get the point. How does the background of the document influence what is said in the document? You must analyze sources to better understand how to interpret the thesis etymology content of the document. This analysis is what the Analysis point is all about.
The Analysis point: For at least three documents, explains how or why the document’s point of view, purpose, historical situation, and/or audience is relevant to an argument. There are four ways you can analyze a document on the exam. To help you remember, use the acronym H.I.P.P. Historical Context What is the context of the document that might be influencing the document? Or, what caused the ap biology essays document to be created. Historical Context is not contextualization; it only applies to the individual document. University Of Virginia College! Intended Audience What audience is the document addressing and what action does the speaker/author/document want the audience to take? Purpose What action or result is the document hoping to achieve? Point-of-View What is the larger group represented by the document, and what is the goal of that group. Point-of-view goes beyond just the individual author of a document, but the group that author represents.
To get the university ap biology point, you must do two things: You must correctly identify the correct H.I.P.P. You must state how that H.I.P.P. influences the document. You must go beyond just what the historical context, intended audience, purpose, or point-of-view and essay on high you must state how that influences the document. University Ap Biology! Reader Tip! Typically, it is easier to identify the historical context, then the intended audience/purpose of a document.
Try to get those two first, and if you cannot, then try to establish the point of view. Remember: You must analyze three documents to get the point. Examples of Analysis. The Albany Plan proposed by Ben Franklin and others would have created an inter-colonial assembly that would have power over inter-colonial trade. Franklin attempted to get them to join with his famous veiled threat that if they didn’t join in etymology this effort they would all die a divided death. (1) Other rights taken away were stated in the Declaration of Independence in an attempt to convince the colonies to unify to revolt against the British monarchy. The Declaration included John Locke’s idea of university ap biology a social contract. (7) They stated that only sat essays, colonial legislatures had the power to tax within the colonies (2) Sam Adams, the ap biology essays leader of the Sons of Liberty who tried to bring about revolution, stated that the colonists enjoined all the rights of university college Englishmen, including protection of ap biology essays their property rights. Historical Context: The student established the historical context for Doc. 1 with the discussion of the Albany Plan for Union and grading proposed inter-colonial assembly that would control trade.
Intended Audience/Purpose : The student establishes the purpose of the Declaration of Independence when it states that it was attempting to join the colonies together to fight the British. Point-of-View: The point of view for document 4 is given with the essays discussion of the significance of the Sons of Liberty in connection with Sam Adams. The Reasoning Point is a holistic point. That means the reader (the grader) will evaluate if the essay, as a whole, demonstrated a nuanced, complex understanding of the topic. Overall, the Reasoning point is a reflection of the cover letter for internship strength of the argument overall. The Reasoning point: Demonstrates a complex understanding of the historical development that is the focus of the prompt, using evidence to corroborate, qualify, or modify an argument that addresses the of georgia ap biology essays question. A few notes on the Reasoning point. Complex understanding refers to resume for internship, how many perspectives of the prompt do you understand, and can you evaluate those perspectives.
Do you understand two or three sides of the argument and can you critique each side? To demonstrate a complex understanding, try to highlight contradictions or ironies throughout the essay. The more you show-off your knowledge, the better chance you have to earn the Reasoning point. Qualifying, modifying, or corroborating your argument simply means using the evidence available to of georgia, you- both the resume helper documents and outside evidence- to build an argument. But the key point is- the more your evidence works together and is connected, the stronger the qualification, modification, or corroboration. So how can you make sure you earn the point?
Ask yourself this question: How well does the university evidence used in your essay to defend your thesis? The stronger your use of evidence, the greater the chance of earning the point. AP test grader Chris Averill finds that highlighting contradictions can really add depth to your essay and demonstrate that the student understands in a meaningful way their arguments. During the Reagan Revolution in the 1980’s, Republicans cut spending on social programs to reduce government. However, in essay college tuition the name of fiscal responsibility, they increased defense spending. Highlighting the historical complexity of any development helps create a more sophisticated essay. Because the Reasoning point is a holistic point, download the entire sample essays (at the top of the university ap biology page) to get a better idea of how to earn the reasoning point. You must be logged in to post a comment. Tuition! Learning that Works.
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Sample Reviews from the Mental Measurements Yearbook. Below are three sample reviews like the ones you will find in the pages of the Mental Measurements Yearbook or online through Test Reviews Online. Most tests will have two reviews by two independent reviewers, and will contain descriptive information and an evaluation of the test's technical properties. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by university, the Buros Institute. Grading? Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Of Georgia Ap Biology? Information on citations of test reviews can be found on university the Buros website under FAQ.
Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults. Purpose: Designed to estimate intellectual ability from a human figure drawing. Administration: Individual or group. Price Data, 2006: $99 per complete kit including examiner's manual (75 pages), 50 administration/scoring forms, and 50 drawing forms; $45 per examiner's manual; $40 per 50 administration/scoring forms; $25 per 50 drawing forms. Authors: Cecil R. Reynolds and ap biology essays, Julia A. Hickman.
Review of the Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults by JONATHAN SANDOVAL, Professor of essays, Education, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA: DESCRIPTION. The Draw-A-Person Intellectual Ability Test for Children, Adolescents, and Adults (DAP: IQ) consists of the evaluation of 23 features of a human figure drawing produced in response to the instruction draw a picture of yourself (examiner's manual, p. 5). University Ap Biology? Examinees are asked to form draw a full figure from a frontal view. Each of the drawing features (e.g., eyes, clothing, arms) is individually scored from university ap biology essays 0 to resume helper 1, 0 to 2, 0 to 3, or 0 to 4 points. University Of Georgia Ap Biology? A maximum score of resume helper form, 49 points is possible.
Raw scores may be converted into a single standard score, an IQ with a mean of university of georgia ap biology, 100 and standard deviation of 15, a T-score, a z-score, or a stanine. The manual also provides percentile ranks, age equivalents and grade equivalents. The test may be individually or group administered to individuals from age 4 years to on high 89 years and 11 months and is untimed. The time to administer and score the test is from 8 to 15 minutes. University Essays? Administration requires a pencil with eraser and drawing form. The administration/scoring form is used to record test information and the scoring of each drawing feature. The authors recommend that examiners using the measure be formally trained in assessment and have knowledge of current theories of cognitive development and neuropsychology. The examiner's manual is straightforward and provides technical information, normative data, and scoring examples. The test is not intended to provide a comprehensive evaluation of cognitive ability. The developers claim it offers a lower bound estimate that may supplement, and grading, have less cultural specificity than, other intelligence tests.
It may be inappropriate for use with examinees who have visual or motor impairments. DEVELOPMENT. The DAP: IQ is the latest in a long line of measures aimed at using human figure drawings as estimates of university ap biology, cognitive ability. In the thesis etymology past, these measures have focused on children, and of georgia essays, the authors of this test wished to year schooling extend the applicability to adults. Additionally, the authors hoped to develop a single set of criteria to be used across the age span with both genders. Another goal was to produce current norms, and to reduce the influence of motor skill on the scoring of figure drawings. TECHNICAL.
Norms for the test were based on university of georgia essays 2,295 individuals matched to U.S. Census data from schooling 2001 with regard to geographic area, gender, race, Hispanic origin, family income, educational attainment of parents, and university of georgia, disability status. The normative sample was obtained by soliciting volunteer examiners from the form publisher's customer files and setting up additional sites throughout the country with a focus on Texas. Ap Biology? More protocols were collected than used in scoring, so the year essay match to census information could be obtained. Samples were obtained at each age from 4 to 16 and thereafter in age ranges (10-year groupings from 19 to 40, a 15-year grouping from 40 to 55, a 5-year grouping from 60 to 75, and a 15-year grouping from 75 to 90). These age brackets of scores were developed from a continuous norming procedure and are consistent with cognitive developmental theory. There is some evidence of internal consistency and stability of the DAP: IQ score. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays? The coefficient alpha estimates for the age groupings varied from .74 at age 4 to .87 at of virginia college essays age 30-39, with a mean and median value of university essays, .82. The standard errors of measurement vary between 4 and 5 points.
Alphas calculated by gender, ethnicity, and handedness indicate the same range of coefficients. Resume Cover? The manual reports as evidence of university, reliability, correlations with scoring systems by Koppitz and Goodenough-Harris by three scorers. These correlations are .85, .86, and .86. This information is more usually considered evidence of concurrent validity. Stability estimates over a short 1-week period yielded a test-retest correlation of .84 (n = 45).
Interscorer reliability was estimated at .95 for protocols selected from across the sample, and at resume .91 for university ap biology, the more difficult-to-score age group of 6 to resume helper form 11. University Ap Biology? In all, the estimates of reliability are acceptable and comparable with the reliabilities found for other human figure drawing tests. The test developers provide validity information based on resume theory, on content, on response processes, on university of georgia ap biology essays internal structure, and on relationship to other constructs. The scoring on the tests across ages parallels the cover theoretical progress of the expression of fluid ability across the ap biology lifespan. Year Round? The content of the test has been used historically to estimate general mental ability in several other measures. The partial point-biserial correlations between each item and the adjusted total are sufficient to ap biology suggest the year schooling items are tapping the same construct, as do the alpha statistics. A rationale for the test is that everyone regardless of culture or economic background commonly experiences the human figure. The content is of georgia essays, also less influenced by grading sat essays, education and the task is simple.
External evidence of validity includes total score correlations with scores derived from other scoring systems, and correlations with other established measures of intellectual functioning and achievement. Correlations between DAP: IQ total score and the Detroit Tests of university, Learning Aptitude-Primary: Second Edition scores (all corrected for unreliability) are .60 for Nonverbal, .42 for Verbal, and .54 for General Mental Ability. For the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III correlations are .33 with Verbal, .49 with Performance, and .46 with Full Scale. The DAP: IQ correlates .39 with Woodcock Johnson-Revised (WJ-R) Broad reading, and .36 with Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Reading. Correlations with Math are .46 with WJ-R Broad math and .43 with WIAT Math. The authors report additional moderate correlations in the same range for other subject scores on these achievement measures for children between 6 and 11 years of age. Both convergent and divergent validity data are reported. The DAP: IQ has moderate correlations (around .40) with the Developmental Test of Visual Perception-Adolescent and Adult, a measure of visual and motor perception administered to standardization sample participants 11 years of age and up, and lower correlations (between .36 and .25) with the university of virginia essays Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration and Bender-Gestalt Test using the Koppitz scoring system for children ages 4 through 10, suggesting the test shares some variance with visual perceptual skill. The low correlation of .18 with a measure of motor speed, the composite score of the Comprehensive Trail Making Test, is evidence that the test does not tap rapid motor skill or sequencing ability.
Very small correlations with scores from the Rey Complex Figure Test and Recognition Trial indicate that copying skill alone is not assessed by the DAP: IQ. The examiner's manual also presents data on subgroup performance. Of Georgia Ap Biology? In the normative sample, there were no differences in means above the 4-point SEM for gender, handedness, or four of the five ethnic groups examined. However, the African American mean was 6 points below average. A group from the standardization sample labeled mildly mentally retarded had a mean score of 77 and a group labeled learning disabled had a mean of 92 on the DAP: IQ. The test developers addressed potential fairness issues by examining differential item functioning on thesis the test by of georgia ap biology, ethnicity and gender.
The results showed moderate or large effect sizes for four items on gender, although they balanced each other, and no moderate or large effect sizes in the race and ethnic comparisons. COMMENTARY. Human figure drawing measures offer a useful adjunct to the assessment of resume for internship, intellectual functioning. The DAP: IQ has a large normative base, is quick to administer, and is easy to score. The norms would only seem to of georgia ap biology approximate roughly the geographical distribution of the population, because much of the data are from Texas, and many samples of convenience were combined to schooling produce them. However, the university of georgia norms are based on a larger sample than other similar measures, have been examined with sophisticated psychometric methods, and are more current. Much more evidence on sat essays reliability and validity will be needed, as the manual reports only the minimum necessary to meet standards. For example, studies could be done testing multiple drawings done at the same time (Draw yourself and of georgia ap biology, someone of the opposite gender) and across somewhat longer spans of time. The test developers have not mentioned why they have excluded parallel forms of the test as are found on other drawing tests.
Most of the validity information to date has been collected on children up to sat essays age 12. More studies with other age groups and with other well-validated verbal and nonverbal measures of intellectual functioning need to be done before the test may be confidently used with adolescents and adults. A major use of the of georgia essays test may be with English language learners because of its nonverbal nature. The language status of the Latino and Asian children in the standardization sample and other research samples was not discussed. Studies of the performance of the DAP: IQ with English language learners would be welcome to justify this application of the test.
The test developers claim that the thesis etymology estimate of intellectual functioning on this test is a lower bound estimate, but this assertion will need to be validated, as some children and adults may have domain specific skill in drawing that exceeds their general cognitive ability. SUMMARY. The DAP: IQ authors have succeeded in providing a successor to the Goodenough Harris Drawing Test (T7:1084) and others. It can be used for rough screening and verifying other test results, particularly when language is an issue. It has been developed using modern constructs and university of georgia essays, modern psychometric methods. The reliability and validity information, although somewhat limited, justify the cautious and judicious use of the sat essays test. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. University Of Georgia? Information on citations of test reviews can be found on thesis the Buros website under FAQ.
Purpose: To measure visuo-spatial learning and recall. Scores, 5 : Learning Index, Displacement Score, Total Displacement Score, Delayed Recall, Delayed Recognition. Price Data, 2006 : L113.50 per complete kit including manual (15 pages), 25 scoring sheets, test grids, practice grids, and picture cards; L35.50 per 50 scoring sheets. Authors: Romola S. Bucks, Jonathan R. Willison, and Lucie M. T. Byrne. Publisher: Harcourt Assessment [England]. Review of the university of georgia ap biology essays Location Learning Test by ANITA M. Cover Letter For Internship? HUBLEY, Associate Professor of Measurement, Evaluation, and Research Methodology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: DESCRIPTION.
The Location Learning Test (LLT) is an individually administered measure of visuospatial learning, recall, and of georgia essays, recognition designed for older adults. The authors claim it will be particularly useful to professionals interested in the effects of aging, dementia, or drugs/alcohol. There are two forms of the sat essays test. Each begins with a practice trial; if the examinee fails the practice trial, testing stops. Otherwise, the examinee is shown a 5x5 grid on which 10 common objects are pictured. The examinee observes the layout of the objects for 30 seconds before he or she is university ap biology, provided with a blank grid and asked to essays place cards showing the objects, one by one, in the correct squares of the grid. There are five learning trials, although testing may stop earlier if the examinee scores perfectly on two consecutive trials. After a 15-minute interval, either delayed recall or recognition may be administered, but not both. For the delayed recognition task, the examiner combines the 20 cards showing the university ap biology common objects from Versions A and year essay, B and, one by one, asks whether each picture was on the grid or not.
The administration instructions are clear and easy to university ap biology essays follow. On High Tuition? The authors do not describe how long it takes to administer the test, but it should take about 30 minutes (including the delay interval). Recording performance and computing displacement scores (i.e., the total number of university of georgia, squares away from correct placement for objects) for essay on high, each trial is quick and easy. Four key scores are computed. University Of Georgia Essays? The Total Displacement Score is the sum of the cover letter displacement scores on each trial. The Learning Index shows the rate of improvement across the university of georgia ap biology learning trials.
A calculator is essay tuition, needed to avoid errors in computing the ratios used to obtain the average improvement. The Delayed Recall Score shows the of georgia ap biology essays amount of information forgotten over the delay interval. Finally, the Discrimination Index reflects the ability to discriminate target items from cover distractors on the recognition task. No information is provided about essays how long it takes to score performance. DEVELOPMENT. In developing the LLT, the authors wanted a visuospatial test that would (a) assess learning and recall of round, visuospatial information, (b) be appropriate for older adults, and (c) not require complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. The authors trace the origins of the of georgia ap biology LLT to some informal work (manual, p. Year Essay? 3) by Shallice and Warrington in the early 1980s and an experimental version developed by university ap biology, a Master's student of one of the authors in 1986.
An early version of the test (Bucks Willison, 1997) consisted of a single form with 10 colored line drawings of common objects (9 of which differed from the objects in the current LLT) and a 30-minute delayed recall. A recognition trial was administered after the first learning trial. The 5x5 grid was selected because it could not be easily divided into quadrants by examinees; objects were placed randomly with the restriction that none would be placed in resume cover the corners. The locations of objects for Version B are the same as for Version A, but have been rotated 180 degrees. Overall, however, little detail is provided about the development of the LLT. For example, no information is provided about why 10 objects were used, how specific objects were selected for the test, whether objects in both versions are equally common, why a 30-second observation period was selected, why five learning trials were selected, why a 15-minute delay interval was selected, how the scoring approach (i.e., displacement scores) was developed, and university of georgia, how the final set of scores was selected. TECHNICAL. The standardization sample for LLT Version A consisted of 186 community-dwelling men and women ages 50 to 96 years living in England. Grading Sat Essays? The majority of the sample was from the Bristol area (n = 128). No information is provided about race/ethnicity of the sample and, although the ap biology authors tried to obtain a sample from a range of social classes and obtained National Adult Reading Test (NART) estimates of IQ, the sample is not necessarily representative of the larger population. Normative data are provided separately by age group (50-69, 70+ years) and NART-IQ group (85-99, 100-114, 115+).
A 2 x 3 x 4 (gender x NART-IQ group x age decade) ANOVA was conducted to cover determine the ap biology normative groups to be used; however, it is unclear how many men and women were obtained in each age decade and the small sample size raises concerns about the statistical power of the analyses and thus the selection of normative groupings. As the authors noted, the norms are not appropriate for tuition, individuals with NART-IQs less than 85 and caution should be exercised when using the norms for individuals with NART-IQs in the 85-99 range. Norms are provided in the form of percentile ranks for Total Displacement Score, Learning Index, and Delayed Recall Score and a 5% cutoff score for university ap biology essays, the Delayed Recognition Discrimination Index. Although the university of virginia college essays entire standardization sample completed all five trials of the LLT, the norms for Delayed Recall and Delayed Recognition are based on very small groups as participants only completed one of these tasks. Meaningful estimates of reliability for memory tests are often difficult to obtain due to features such as item interdependence within and essays, between trials and practice or recall effects. In the thesis etymology present case, parallel forms reliability was sought using LLT Version B, which was completed by a subsample of only 49 individuals and could not be examined by ap biology, age and NART-IQ group.
The majority of this group (n = 31) completed Version A first and Version B 1 week later; the rest completed the tests in the reverse order. The two versions correlated .71 for the Total Displacement Score and .49 for the Learning Index. The correlation of the two versions at delay was not reported. Very limited validity evidence is year schooling, provided to support inferences made from the LLT. The test manual reports that correlations between the LLT Learning Index and two visual tasks (the Design Learning subtest of the Adult Memory and university essays, Information Processing Battery [Coughlan Hollows, 1985] and resume, the Shapes test from of georgia essays Doors and People [Baddeley, Emslie, Nimmo-Smith, 1994]) were in the low moderate range (rs = .49 and .44, respectively) but were higher than the correlation (rs = .22) with the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (Brandt, 1991) in a sample of sat essays, 47 older adults. Correlations between the university ap biology essays LLT Displacement Score and both the Design Learning subtest and the HVLT were similarly low (rs = -.24 and -.29) whereas the year schooling essay correlation with the Shapes test was slightly higher (rs = -.37). This is ap biology, fairly weak evidence. Further validation work is needed, including contrasted or known groups validity that shows LLT performance differs between cognitively intact and impaired samples. For example, some promising preliminary work conducted with an earlier version of the thesis etymology LLT showed performance differed between small groups of cognitively intact elderly and dementia patients (Bucks Willison, 1997), but this needs to be shown with the current version of the test. COMMENTARY.
The LLT is a brief and easy test to administer that shows a great deal of promise. Its key strengths are that it has ecological validity for older adults and does not rely on complex or fine motor control, drawing ability, or verbal ability. Scoring is not too difficult but does require a calculator. The norms need to be strengthened using a larger and perhaps more ethnically and university essays, geographically diverse sample. The evidence supporting the parallel forms reliability of Versions A and B is etymology, not convincing enough to recommend using the norms with Version B. In future development of the LLT, the authors might consider using statistical equating procedures to equate performance on Versions A and B. Most critically, however, validity evidence is extremely limited. It is surprising that a test that the authors describe as particularly useful to . those concerned with the effects of dementia and ageing, as well as the university essays effects of drugs and stressors such as alcohol, benzodiazepines and on high tuition, cholinesterases (manual, p. 4) is presented without any validity evidence to back up these claims. Once appropriate validity evidence is obtained, the ap biology essays manual would benefit from the addition of specific recommendations to etymology assist test users with interpretation of the university of georgia essays results (e.g., case studies with different profiles of performance or different clinical groups). SUMMARY. The LLT was designed to be an individually administered measure of visuospatial learning, recall, and recognition for resume for internship, older adults that would be of particular use to professionals interested in the effects of aging, dementia, and drugs/alcohol.
The test meets its goal of essays, assessing visuospatial learning, recall, and thesis etymology, recognition in an ecologically valid manner and stands out ap biology, from the majority of thesis etymology, visuospatial tests in that it does not rely on complex motor control or drawing ability. Unfortunately, very little validity evidence is provided to support the inferences to be made from the LLT and the lack of known groups validity evidence, in university of georgia ap biology particular, means the LLT cannot be recommended for clinical use at this time. All Mental Measurements Yearbook test reviews are copyrighted by the Buros Institute. Reviews may be printed for individual use only, and may not be otherwise duplicated or distributed without consent. Information on citations of resume for internship, test reviews can be found on the Buros website under FAQ. Purpose: Designed for adult probation and parole risk and needs assessment. Population: Adult probationers and parolees. Scores: 8 scales: Truthfulness, Alcohol, Drugs, Resistance, Aggressivity, Violence, Antisocial, Stress Coping Abilities. Price Data: Available from publisher. Comments: Both computer version and paper-pencil formats are scored using IBM-PC compatibles; audio (human voice) administration option available.
Author: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Publisher: Risk Needs Assessment, Inc. Cross Reference: For a review by university of georgia ap biology essays, Tony Toneatto, see 12:338. Review of the SAQ--Adult Probation III by thesis, ROBERT SPIES, Associate Director, Buros Institute of Mental Measurements, University of Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, and MARK COOPER, Training Specialist, Center on Children, Families the Law, University of university ap biology, Nebraska--Lincoln, Lincoln, NE: DESCRIPTION. The Substance Abuse Questionnaire--Adult Probation III (SAQ) is a 165-item test, administered either by paper-and-pencil or computer.
All items are of the selection type (predominantly true/false and multiple-choice). Risk levels and essay, recommendations are generated for each of eight scales: Alcohol, Drug, Aggressivity, Antisocial, Violence, Resistance, Stress Coping, and Truthfulness. The Truthfulness scale is university ap biology essays, meant to identify test-takers who attempt to minimize or conceal their problems. Nonclinical staff can administer, score, and interpret the SAQ. Data must be entered from an answer sheet onto a PC-based software diskette. Etymology? The computer-generated scoring protocol produces on-site test results--including a printed report--within several minutes. For each of the eight scales, the report supplies a percentile score, a risk categorization, an explanation of the risk level, and (for most scales) a recommendation regarding treatment or supervision. The percentile score apparently is based on university of georgia the total number of problem-indicative items that are endorsed by sat essays, the test-taker.
According to the Orientation and Training Manual, each raw score then is truth-corrected through a process of adding back into each scale score the amount of error variance associated with a person's untruthfulness (p. University Ap Biology Essays? 8). Tuition? The adjusted percentile score is reported as falling within one of four ascending levels of risk (low, medium, problem, severe problem). The responsible staff person is expected to university of georgia use information from the report, along with professional judgment, to identify the severity of risk and needs and to develop recommendations for intervention. DEVELOPMENT. This SAQ is the latest version (copyright, 1997) of a test that has been under development since 1980. The original SAQ, intended for assessment of adult substance abuse, has been adapted for essays, use in risk and needs assessment with adult probation and parole clients. University Ap Biology? Two scales--the Antisocial and Violence scales--have been added since development of the resume helper SAQ in 1994.
Materials furnished by the developer (including an Orientation and Training Manual and An Inventory of Scientific Findings) provide minimal information regarding initial test development. The definitions provided for each scale are brief and relatively vague. The constructs underlying several scales appear to overlap (e.g., the Aggressivity and Violence scales), but little has been done to theoretically or empirically discriminate between these scales. No rationale is offered in of georgia ap biology essays the manual for how these scales fit together to measure an overarching construct of substance abuse. The developer cites no references to current research in the area of resume form, substance abuse. TECHNICAL. Information describing the norming process is vague. The Orientation manual makes reference to local standardization, and annual restandardization, but does not provide details. In one section the developer claims to have standardized the SAQ on the Department of Corrections adult offender population (p.
7). In another report, standardization is said to have eventually incorporated adult probation populations throughout the United States (An Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. 5). University Of Georgia Essays? One might assume, based on the citing of resume, SAQ research studies involving literally thousands of probationers that the university of georgia ap biology essays recency and relevance of norms is beyond question. The developer, however, has not provided the documentary evidence needed to university of virginia college essays justify this assumption. The developer has investigated--and found--gender differences on some scales with certain groups to whom the test has been administered. University Of Georgia Essays? In response, gender-specific norms have been established for those groups (usually on a statewide basis). There is no evidence that other variables such as ethnicity, age, or education have been taken into account in the norm-setting process. The items selected for use in the test have several commonalities. University College? Most items focus on personal behaviors, perceptions, thoughts, and attitudes and are linked in essays a direct and very obvious way to essay on high tuition the content of associated scales (e.g., I am concerned about my drinking, from the Alcohol scale). Almost all items are phrased in the socially undesirable direction; agreeing with the item points to the existence of a problem or a need for intervention.
The developer acknowledges that the items may appear to some people as intrusive, and that clients are likely to minimize or under-report their problems. In the university SAQ, the response to this concern has been the inclusion of the resume letter Truthfulness scale and calculation of truth-corrected scale scores. Unfortunately, the statistical procedures underlying this important score correction are neither identified nor defended. Internal consistency for the individual subscales of the SAQ has been well-established by a large number of developer-conducted studies that report Cronbach alpha estimates generally in the .80s to .90s. These high values for internal consistency may in part be explained by the similarity of the items within each scale (i.e., repetition of the same basic question, using slightly different words or context). Evidence of other reliability estimates (other than for internal consistency) to support this instrument generally are lacking. University Of Georgia Essays? The Inventory of Scientific Findings cites only one study in which a test-retest reliability coefficient was reported. Helper? Administering an early version (1984) of the SAQ to ap biology essays a small sample of 30 college students (not substance abusers or legal offenders), a test-retest correlation coefficient of .71 was found across an interval of one week.
Evidence to support the validity of the university of virginia SAQ is limited. Some concurrent validity evidence is presented, in university of georgia ap biology the form of year round essay, multiple studies showing modest correlations between some SAQ scales and university, subscales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). The developer indicates that the MMPI was selected for this validity study because it is the most researched, validated and widely used objective personality test in the United States (Inventory of Scientific Findings, p. Etymology? 14). This explanation, however, does not suffice as a rationale for use of the MMPI to support concurrent validity; and no theoretical framework is provided about how the university SAQ subscales relate to the personality constructs underlying the MMPI. In other reported studies, the SAQ is shown to be modestly correlated with polygraph examinations and the Driver Risk Inventory (DRI). Again, the developer does not adequately specify how any correlation between these measures advances the efforts at validation. The studies cited, and the validation process in general, do not meet accepted psychometric standards for substantiating validity evidence established in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, NCME, 1999). These same deficiencies were noted in the prior review of the SAQ (12:338), but no corrective action appears to have been taken. COMMENTARY.
The value of the SAQ as a measure of substance abuse severity with criminal justice populations seems to be compromised on a number of cover for internship, levels. First, the test lacks a clear focus. Only two of eight scales deal directly with substance abuse, and the developer has made no attempt to ap biology essays combine the scale scores into resume some form of aggregate substance abuse severity score. Given this, the test name is a bit misleading, and the test itself probably is most wisely judged on the basis of the ap biology eight individual scales. Second, there are concerns--previously noted--about the individual scales and items selected for the scales.
Included within those concerns are lack of construct articulation, lack of resume cover, construct differentiation among scales, the predominance of items that are phrased in a socially undesirable direction, and homogeneity of of georgia essays, item content within scales. Item phrasing and the bluntness of the resume cover for internship items (e.g., I am a violent person, from the Violence scale) would appear to invite problems with response sets. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays? The use of resume, truth-corrected scores to handle problems with test-taker denial cannot be fairly evaluated due to insufficient information from the developer. Last, caution in university the interpretation of reported risk levels and risk level recommendations must be advised. The developer, for example, has determined that percentile scale scores falling within a given percentile interval represent a medium risk level, whereas scale scores falling within a contiguous but higher interval of scores qualify for a problem risk level. There is no clarification, however, of the meaning of the labels medium and problem. Further, there are no statements regarding how the two risk levels are to be discriminated from one another, and no identification of outcomes (or probabilities of essay tuition, outcomes) that are tied to ap biology essays the levels. The categorization of scores into risk levels essentially amounts to implementation of three cut scores on each scale. Given the developer's failure to ascertain or cope with errors of measurement, the risk level interpretations and form, their corresponding recommendations are substantially compromised.
SUMMARY. The developers, to their credit, have produced a risk assessment instrument that can be administered, scored, and interpreted in a relatively efficient and university, cost-effective manner. They have considered thorny issues such as denial on the part of test-takers and gender differences in the norming process, but the differential impact of ethnicity and age has not been addressed. An earnest attempt has been made to provide risk assessment information and recommendations that are pertinent to the demands of the essay college criminal justice practitioner. On balance, however, the SAQ falls far short of the university of georgia ap biology mark. Insufficient reliability or validity evidence exists to assert that the test consistently or accurately measures any of its associated constructs. There is continued doubt, in the words of the prior reviewer of the university of virginia college SAQ, that the test conveys any useful information additional to simply asking the client if they have an alcohol-drug problem, if they are violent, and how they cope with stress (Toneatto, 1995, p. 891).
Readers seeking an alternative test for a substance abusing population may wish to university of georgia ap biology consider tests such as the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI).
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The Top 30 Arguments and Debates in Sports. Now, these aren’t arguments in of georgia ap biology essays, the sense that they end up with Ron Artest in the stands viciously attacking the guy who didn’t throw the resume letter, beer, or arguments that involve Charley Barkley mounting Shaq in an effort to preemptively establish dominance in their post-career broadcasting endeavors…because those are their arguments. That’s Shaq vs. Kobe, Marbury vs. Garnett, etc. What I want to look at are our arguments—those that are either all-encompassing (is it time for essays, a BCS playoff?) or extremely relevant to a particular sport at current (Kobe vs. LeBron). These are the Top 30 Arguments and Debates in university of virginia, Sports , as argued by the fans. He’s 35 and coming off knee surgery, he’s been through a relatively public divorce and university of georgia ap biology he’s not won a major in three years. Is this it for Tiger?
Amazingly, I actually think so. Round Schooling? Not because I think he’s mentally broken, but because I think he’s gotten old. Simple as that. We just missed the gradualism of the decline because he was away while it happened. 29. Is the university of georgia, NFL Getting Soft with the Concussion Rules?
As the essay college, number of ex-players in peril mounts, the NFL’s implementation of player protection grows stronger by the year. But are the university, concussion rules ruining the game? Absolutely not. Player safety has to year schooling be at the core of any league so that A) it’s able to maintain itself throughout the years without literally killing off a percentage of essays its participants, and B) I don’t feel bad watching it. And if we’ve learned anything from the NBA, it’s that sometimes getting a little softer can create a better product. By placing the emphasis on speed and agility, you’re more likely to college essays see something you couldn’t do in your backyard. 28. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays? Can Soccer Become the Fifth Major Sport?
This question has been asked since I was in grade school…and last year’s World Cup was the first time I felt the collective pulse of the nation budge even a little bit. Not in thesis etymology, the next 50 years, because even if the World Cup continues to of georgia essays take off…that doesn’t really count, does it? The World Cup is cover letter like the Olympics—which is a substantial niche and nothing to university of georgia ap biology essays sneeze at—but it doesn’t constitute a fifth major sport anymore than figure skating does. Once every four years, it’s pretty darn interesting, but probably not enough so to support an annual season. Do we stick with the flawed yet immensely profitable BCS Bowl system? Or do we do what literally every fan of college football has been clamoring for since the implementation of the flawed yet immensely profitable BCS Bowl system? I admit that there are likely more intricacies to this than I realize (most probably dealing with television contracts), but come on.
Should the No. 1 hope at the end of resume letter for internship every collegiate season be a fallible national champion just so it forces the essays, NCAA’s hand? It’s time for a playoff. 26. What Is the Most Unbreakable Record in Sports? About 99.9 percent of the applicants for the MURIS award (I actually really like that) have to do with Wilt Chamberlain. And in my opinion, he wins. Different era, sure, but all records—be they from Favre, DiMaggio or Nicklaus—are subject to contextual argument. Can’t take it into consideration, at least not in regards to grading the MURIS. Wilt stands out to of georgia ap biology essays me.
His 100 points can be touched—Kobe proved that—but under no circumstances can I see an NBA player averaging 50.4 points a game for a season ever again. Helper Form? Whether he was on the court or back at the hotel, Wilt scored a lot. Aka “CAA or NBA.” What is this generation of hoopsters about? What era are we looking at? As I see things, there are emerging two separate factions within the association. One—the of-late derided—revolves around branding, personal accomplishment and some underlying sentiment of togetherness between players. The second seems more in line with our traditional concepts of athletes: They play to be the best, and they play to win…but they also seem to respect (in some ways) the of georgia ap biology, unwritten rules of the game.
This is Dirk (who took less money to return to sat essays a Dallas team with no sure bet to win a title); this is Kobe (who is a more abrasive version of Dirk); and this is Derrick Rose and Russell Westbrook (who are all about of georgia ap biology essays beating the heck out of whoever is thought to sat essays be their superior). Both parties have some of the of georgia, most skilled and competitive guys in the league, so I’m not necessarily advocating that one is ruining the game or anything, as this conversation tends to eventually have one-side emit. That said, I prefer the guys I consider to year schooling be the of georgia ap biology essays, traditionalists—the guys I think harbor some legitimate dislike for their opponents, for whom rings matter less than the opportunity to beat the best guys in the league and thereby prove their superiority. Resume Form? So again, in the latter group we’re looking at the Roses, the university ap biology, Kobes and the Westbrooks, while the former sports basically everyone who came into the league between 2003 and 2004—LeBron, Bosh, Carmelo and sadly…I think Dwight Howard. 24. College Basketball One-and-Done Rule? This one may be eliminated or expanded within the new NBA CBA, but in thesis, the meantime… I actually like the rule for the sole reason that I get a bigger stage to watch the top-tier NBA prospects on. If 10 of Anthony Davis’ high school games were televised this year, I probably would have watched each one. Next year, I’ll get to see him 10 times at Kentucky.
He won’t be an university ap biology unknown by grading the time he hits the league. Only time when I don’t like the rule? When my team has a high draft pick and misses out on of georgia ap biology a supremely talented kid who otherwise would have been available. The DH was adopted by the American League in 1973, and most professional and collegiate leagues have followed some degree of suit. The DH should go. Year Round? Seeing a pitcher step to the plate is one of the cooler parts of the game—both in of georgia, terms of strategy and narrative—and somehow the National League seems just the slightest bit purer for having their pitchers step up to the plate. Some great arguments here from resume form USAToday.com. This one should probably be ranked a little higher, but I got excited to university of georgia ap biology discuss. LeBron won’t touch Kobe’s career (which is kind of sad in a way, because he could’ve), but player to player—the individual effect on the game—it’s a whole different debate.
I think this argument rages so strong because the debaters have never agreed to sat essays the terms. Kobe wins on two out of three counts. Kobe will have the better career, but LeBron is university of georgia essays currently the better player. The tiebreaker? As of sat essays June 2011—at his peak, Kobe Bryant has hit a higher level individually than LeBron has. That’s enough for me for now. Kobe Bryant is ap biology essays still the most polarizing player in grading sat essays, the league…but for massively different reasons than he used to university of georgia ap biology essays be.
The answer is, to me, pretty clear—Kobe Bryant is on the downside of his career. KB had lost a step (or two) as far back as two years ago, but there is still a hefty chunk of the population who either is thesis too blinded with Laker-love to see it, or too defensive of anything Kobe to admit it. Frustrating, but at the same time it’s elevated this debate. From Michael Farber, via SI.com: Consider Crosby. No player since Wayne Gretzky has been better prepared for university of georgia ap biology essays, greatness.
He is skilled, tough and dependable. If Ovechkin thinks Crosby whines too much, he is grading sat essays tarring the Penguins captain with a mostly outdated reputation that was established his rookie year and is way overblown. Crosby might loose (sic) his emotions too often, but bigger bellyachers in the NHL -- Anaheim's Teemu Selanne and ap biology Buffalo's Derek Roy , to name two -- generally get a free pass. (And never forget that Gretzky himself was not above a bit of thesis strategic whining.) Now consider Ovechkin. He's a force of nature, as improvisational as Crosby is programmed. The Capitals left winger is the most exciting player in the game since Gilbert Perreault , maybe even Bobby Orr , and if at times there appears there is not enough mustard in the world to smear on this guy, well, make ours with sauerkraut. First one I don’t have a strong opinion on university essays because—and I’m now realizing that this might in fact be a mistake—I do not watch hockey. I’ll say Crosby, and let you all have at it below. 19. The “Rule” or the “Spirit of the Rule?” The tuck rule.
Dwayne Rudd’s helmet-gate. On High College Tuition? Calvin Johnson’s game-winning TD “drop.” Should a referee have the power to overrule the textbook if it’s clear that the textbook’s wrong? After much consideration, no. I stand in ap biology, favor of the Rule. I actually sat through the Dwayne Rudd helmet fiasco defiantly swearing that I never would, but today—significantly calmer—I can admit that that’s shortsighted. A ref’s job is hard enough already, and the less you can leave up to year schooling essay their interpretation, the better. Instant replay’s detractors say it slows down the game, and that human error is a part of what’s made things great in the past…while its advocates admonish those impatient individuals for not wanting to university of georgia ap biology essays get the year round essay, call right. As is university of georgia ap biology frequently the case…change is good, and none of the major sports would be where they are today (lockouts) without it. You paid an inordinate amount of money for that ticket; should you be allowed to etymology berate the players to a commensurate degree? No, you shouldn’t. I’m all for university, rowdy stadiums (Municipal Field being my favorite), but the league needs to take a stance that at the very least disallows player injury and/or berating that extends beyond the social contract (no race, no kids…and moms are toeing the line, but in the case of LeBron James, maybe okay).
So yes, the fans should be censored…but the line should be pretty far out there. On the field. Resume Form? The hair is indefensible. So is Gisele good for Tom? Not as it pertains to football…though I would argue that that’s okay (good for Tom), and university of georgia ap biology essays it’s a microcosm of a larger problem that would have arisen anyway. Tom Brady has already won . A lot. And it becomes incrementally harder to win each time through a season. It’s either because you’re older and everyone’s gunning for you…or because you’re aware of the odds that have already fallen your way, in which case, any reasonable person would know that the tuition, odds are now due for something to go wrong. (This is why I could never have been a professional athlete. As soon as something went right, I’d be waiting for the other shoe to fall.) 15.
Manning, Brady or None of the Above? Is Tom Brady one of the top five quarterbacks of all time? Is Peyton Manning? I would argue that yes, ultimately, they’re both top-five quarterbacks in of georgia, the history of the game. Both are statistically superior (with Manning likely to end up breaking every numerical record in the game), and Brady is one of the year schooling, greatest winners of all time, doing so with offenses that were not among the most talented in the league. They’re both close now, and they’re both threatening to bolster their respective resumes for five-plus more years. Not only are they all-timers, there’s a chance they could end up No. University Ap Biology Essays? 1 and thesis 2. 14. Should Colleges Suffer for Their Athletes#x27; Mistakes? Reggie Bush gets caught in a scandal and USC is of georgia ap biology retroactively punished, essentially taking away bowl opportunities from a group in essay on high tuition, no way associated with the university of georgia essays, incidents in question.
Should this be the precedent? Absolutely not, though I haven’t quite figured out a better solution. The school should be penalized, as should the transgressing player…but there has to be a better way to handle these things than to effectively cancel the resume cover letter for internship, season for university ap biology, the kids there when the verdict finally comes in. 13. Should College Athletes Be Paid? The NCAA is a billion-dollar enterprise that suspends its player for trading game-worn jerseys for tattoos…or food. Nope. College athletes do get a tremendous value for cover letter for internship, their time in of georgia ap biology, effort by way of the free education they receive…but I’d imagine a tremendous amount of the “violative” activity cited in the previous slide could be avoided with something akin to a small stipend for food, drinks or spending money. We’re not talking NBA money here…just perhaps something akin to helper what a student might make while working in of georgia essays, the school bookstore, where employees are paid even if they’re on scholarship. It hit the resume letter, WNBA years ago, and has been mulled over by university of georgia essays both the NHL and the NBA (with the latter, the ads were to be placed on their practice jerseys).
Should the major sports take one for (or on) the teams? Absolutely not. The uniform is helper form perhaps the most influential symbol of team, and I don’t know that I could take an Aaron Rodgers as seriously if he had a $5 footlong on his back. If only of georgia ap biology, they had jerseys… Certainly it can, but boxing needs a charismatic prodigy, and year essay he probably has to be a heavyweight.
You know how I know that? Because that’s what it would take for me to of georgia ap biology essays watch. I’m not a huge boxing guy (although Pacquiao has caught my attention). but as soon as the next Mike Tyson starts working his way through the ranks, I’ll be plunking down $50 to watch him. MMA has surpassed boxing in schooling essay, popularity, and it’s making a play to steal its niche entirely. I honestly think that this is a threat, and my reasoning is the same as it was a slide ago. Boxing has so few stars, and university MMA is building their roster with household names. The names sell the fights, and the sales attract the names. Boxing needs to find a star, and they need to find him soon. Another good one, because every time I watch one of form these fights I think someone is going to die.
MMA is currently illegal in New York. Yes, it should be legal…but boy, maybe pad the of georgia essays, gloves a bit more? It’s only resume, a matter of time before someone’s face is irreparably shattered. Jordan through eight years: 32.3 PPG, 6.3 RPG, 6.0 APG, one title. James though eight years: 27.7 PPG, 7.1 RPG, 7.0 APG, zero titles. LeBron will never touch Jordan’s career (for the same reasons he won’t touch Kobe’s), but he’ll have moments where he’s re-entered into the discussion. Like literally everyone has said all along, the ap biology essays, talent is there for LeBron and as such we’ll continue to see it…but I think LBJ has already fallen/steered himself too far off the GOAT path to ever truly climb his way to the top of the list. 7. Should Steroids Be Legalized and Monetized? They’re in our sports already, and this tactic has proven effective in at grading the very least consolidating use of university drugs in on high college, mainstream culture.
Could it work in athletics? Purely out of principal, I don’t think you can go down this road. And sooner or later, we’ll have to. It’s not totally inconceivable that scientists will be able to genetically manipulate athleticism within the ap biology, next 50 years. Actually, it’s probable. What are the implications of that? That the etymology, next LeBron James-esque athlete may come from a well-off suburban family who’s historically more into pharmaceuticals than basketball. 6. Should Steroid Users Be in the Hall of Fame? It seems right now, the consensus is “no.” But in 20 years, will we continue to of georgia ap biology essays look down on Bonds, on resume helper form Clemens, on 50 percent of the league? I think the of georgia ap biology essays, wounds of the steroid era need more time to heal, but ultimately, I think the SE will come to be known as just what it says itself to be—an era in thesis, baseball. It’s an impossibly fine distinction to make—that one guy cheated and another did not—and I don’t think it’s within the capacity of the Hall of Fame to university of georgia essays make it.
The world knows that Barry Bonds used steroids, it should be on his placard and his placard should be in the Hall of Fame. Question of the summer. With the NFL and the NBA both either in or on the verge of extended lockouts…to which side would you prefer the college, balance of power swings? Should players be able to of georgia ap biology essays force their team's hands (a la LeBron in form, Cleveland, Carmelo in university of georgia ap biology, Denver and Dwight in resume for internship, Orlando), or should the owners have that power (non-guaranteed contracts, franchise tags, and of georgia essays ultimately—I think—revenue sharing)? I tend to side with the owners (at least as it pertains to power over the league)…although that may not have been the resume helper form, case had I lived in either Miami or New York.
4. Which Is the Best Sports League? Two of the four major sports are thriving (NBA in terms of popularity, NFL across the board), and university of georgia the NHL is coming on strong. Baseball, meanwhile, at least maintains its distinction as our nation’s pastime. Which league is etymology best? This is a loaded question, as I think most would tend to side with their favorite sport and/or commissioner as the top league in North America. University Of Georgia? Basketball is my favorite sport and I think David Stern is the etymology, best commissioner in sports…but it would be pretty tough to mount a reasonable argument against the NFL as the No. 1 league (current struggles aside). It’s a billion-dollar business growing exponentially each year, it ranks first in essays, popularity among North American leagues and literally the only threat to slow its growth is the current lockout, which will hopefully be over in a few weeks. Ah, the thesis etymology, question of the university ap biology, summer part deux. And we have a perfectly illustrative example for each. Football: hard cap.
Basketball: soft cap. Baseball: no cap. Not one for either Yankee-like store-bought dynasties (I’m from Cleveland) or annual turnover (again, Cleveland), I favor the NBA system with one small exception: I like the franchise tag (last time, I’m from Cleveland). 2. Should Pete Rose Be in the Hall of etymology Fame? I admit to not knowing my baseball history quite well enough to convince the unconvinced…but come on.
The Hall of Fame isn’t meant to make personal judgments. As I did with the steroid-ers, I favor Rose’s inclusion. Charles Barkley says no, but…is he right? I tend to think he is essays not. Athletes are role models…and they don’t really have a choice. Nor do actors, politicians or anyone else who appears on TV for year schooling, their own personal gain or that of their employers.
If you make your living via a profession that requires television, internet or any such medium…it’s more than an opportunity to be a model for others; it’s a responsibility—part of the university essays, social contract.
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University Of Georgia Ap Biology …
A Comparison Of The Emotion-Focused And Cognitive Behavioral Theories Of Anger And Its Treatment. Anger is often a difficult emotion to express and understand and it has come to be recognized as a significant social problem that our society facing today. This paper discusses the efficacy of the Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and the Emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for treating patient with anger problems and compared therapists’ view on of georgia ap biology, emotion which how they see emotion as the prime mover in human experience in different ways respectively. Besides, the development, overview and the similarities of CBT #038; EFT has been critically compared and letter for internship, discussed in of georgia this essay. CBT and EFT conceptualize emotional problems differently and university of virginia college essays, employ different techniques in each therapy. University Essays. Although the CBT and EFT possess many distinct characteristics, it has been shown in this paper that many of their characteristic overlapped and resume form, the different aspects of the various approaches are compatible.
Despite the lack of university, abundant research supporting the EFT where majority of published studies on anger have focused primarily on CBT, claims can be made to university college, each type of therapy contributes something unique and may be more or less effective depending on the patients and their particular problem, yet there is no right or wrong answer as to which one is the right therapy for anger. University Ap Biology. Anger is college a basic human uncomfortable emotional that varies from mild irritation to rage as it is often a difficult emotion to express and understand that transcends cultural boundaries. Anger can be a healthy emotion when it is expressed appropriately (Greenberg #038; Paivio, 1997). Unfortunately many people have expressed their frustration of feelings and university, anger in university essays an inappropriate way and end up hurting themselves or the university essays people they love. That is why anger has always been seen as associated with many serious negative consequences, such as aggressive behavior, family violence, substance abuse, and physical health problems (Paivio, 1999). Despite a long history of interest in some other negative emotions such as depression and anxiety, the study of anger has been relatively neglected (Norcross #038; Kobayashi, 1999). Although in the last decade anger has been gradually identified and etymology, addressed by researchers, the ap biology scientific study of anger are only the one tenth of the professional journal articles of depression (DiGiuseppe, 1999). Fortunately, anger has come to be recognized as a significant social problem, more and more attention and research have been contributed to this issue. Anger treatments and interventions such as psychotherapy groups and on high college, classes are routinely found in community mental health centers, school settings and private mental health sectors (Norcross #038; Kobayashi, 1999). Treatment of anger in the 1960s focused mainly on helping patients to vent angry feelings, but these therapies have since lost their popularity because many therapists noticed that the expression of university essays, anger generally increased anger, which was counterproductive to the goals of on high tuition, therapy (Bushman, Baumeister #038; Phillips, 2001).
Currently, although there are many ranges of university of georgia ap biology, psychological treatment approaches available to manage anger, it remains no clear consensus among therapists and researchers on the best way to treat patients with anger emotion (Spielberger, Reheiser #038; Sydeman, 1995). Essay Tuition. However, unlike other treatment interventions, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has received extensive research and it has an accumulation of research on the efficacy of university ap biology essays, treating anger problems since the sat essays last two decades (Silverman #038; DiGiuseppe, 2001). And in the other hand, Greenberg and Paivio (1997) have proposed that Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) is also an effective route of therapy for anger, as problems with anger frequently involve its overcontrol and its overactivation with associated problem of under regulation, therefore emotion-focused therapy can be a very good intervention for anger. Despite CBT has currently emerged as the most common approach to anger management, EFT has also gradually becoming more common in the psychotherapy field and some researchers have suggested that patient who process their emotions successfully are better able to regulate their affective experience (Greenberg #038; Safran, 1987). Ap Biology Essays. Some studies have shown that techniques geared toward facilitating emotional changes at the affective level produce more powerful and beneficial changes than those focused at the cognitive level alone (Watson #038; Rennie, 1994). Thesis Etymology. However, by exploring the university ap biology various characteristic of CBT and EFT, it can lead us to a more integrative and eclectic approach to anger management. Overview of Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) Before starting the discussion of emotion-focused therapy, it is very important to have an understanding of what emotion is. Historically, emotions were seen as nonspecific and disruptive; however more recent analyses have emphasized the functions that emotions serve (Hebb, 1949). University Of Virginia College Essays. Although emotions address different adaptive problems, they generally facilitate decision making, prepare the individual for rapid motor responses and provide information regarding the ongoing match between organism and ap biology essays, environment (Schwarz #038; Clore, 1983).
In addition to resume cover letter for internship, this, emotion also serves as a social function for they inform us about others’ behavioral intentions, give us clues as to whether something is good or bad and control our social behavior (Greenberg #038; Safran, 1987). From an university of georgia essays emotion-focused perspective, according to university college, Greenberg (2004), emotion disorder is seen as a result of of georgia ap biology, more failures in the dyadic regulation of affect, avoidance of affect, traumatic learning, and grading, lack of the ability to process emotion than from university of georgia ap biology essays, logical error, irrationality or lack of essay on high, insight. University Of Georgia. Although emotions organize our action tendencies and build up new adaptive structures for university college us, emotions could also play an opposite role as it breaks down the old static structures of us (Greenberg #038; Paivio, 1997). Thus it is also very important that we need to evoke traumatic emotional memories in order to reprocess and restructure them. Take a patient with anger for example, the old emotional habits such as rage following anger, and fear following intimacy, have to of georgia essays, be activated in therapy in order to be recognized. And when old emotional habits has been activated, symbolization of emotion helps transform these emotions and of virginia college, so provides a safe distance that prevents the patients from feeling overwhelmed or acting out and able to learn how to regulate the emotion of anger (Greenberg #038; Paivio, 1997). This kind of emotion coaching method has grown out the use of an empirically validated experiential therapy called Emotion-Focused Therapy.
Emotion-focused therapy (EFT) is the most recently formulated, being first described in the literature in the early of 1980s and it is a brief systematic approach to modifying distressed patients’ constricted interaction patterns and emotional responses as to produce a more secure emotion bond (Greenberg #038; Johnson, 1988). EFT focused on emotion and it sees emotion as the prime mover in human experience so as the cognitive behavioral therapy is (Greenberg #038; Paivio, 1997). The main purpose of EFT is to university ap biology essays, change people’s emotions as it targets the absorbing stated of negative affect, that is, negative emotions such as anger that is difficult to diminish quickly, and accessing the restructured negative emotions that allow an alternative view of self and new meaning to emerge, teaching people new ways to nurture and regulate with their emotions and also helping patients to cover, overcome the painful negative emotions (Greenberg #038; Paivio, 1997). Furthermore, EFT also views relationships from an attachment perspective, and it addresses the role of university ap biology, affect in close relationships and in changing those relationships, both on a theoretical level and on the level of clinical interventional (Greenberg #038; Johnson, 1988). College Essays. Overview of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Unlike emotion-focused therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy has received extensive research than emotion-focused therapy. CBT was originated from cognitive therapy which developed by Albert Ellis in the early 1950s, and Aaron T. Beck who followed up Ellis’ approach in the 1960s (Silverman #038; DiGiuseppe, 2001). Ap Biology. In the earlier studies, it was often used cognitive treatment alone to get a patient to become aware of his maladaptive thinking patterns and uncover the grading sat essays patient’s core beliefs about himself and his surroundings (McGinn #038; Sanderson, 2001). However, in recent years, cognitive and behavioral techniques have often been combined into cognitive behavioral treatment.
Again, emotion plays an important role in CBT. EFT therapists believe that emotion serves as a social function for people’s behavioral intentions and university of georgia essays, organize our actions (Greenberg #038; Safran, 1987); CBT therapists do as well believe that our thoughts determine our feelings and behavior (Deffenbacher, 1999). With thoughts stipulated as being the cause of emotions, cognitive therapist will therefore focus and identify those irrational or maladaptive thoughts that lead to negative emotion, and this is done in an effort to reject the distorted thoughts and thesis etymology, replace them with more realistic alternative thoughts (Deffenbacher, 1999). It may combine with a variety of techniques such as relaxation, cognitive restructuring, problem solving, and stress inoculation, but rather than being a mere form of technical eclectism, it is theoretically unified by principles of learning theory and informative processing (Deffenbacher, 1999). The treatment goal of CBT is the regulation of of georgia, anger through the understanding and monitoring of personal anger patterns and etymology, the acquisition of skills involving more adaptive alternative to provocation (Stermac, 1987).
The cognitive-behavioral approach to ap biology essays, therapy generally relies on the present experiences, as opposed to past childhood experiences one where emotion-focused therapy emphasized on (Stermac, 1987). CBT has been used to help patients lower the university college intensity of their anger episodes. University Ap Biology. Tang (2001), in a retrospective study of 64 clients, evaluated the resume helper effectiveness of anger management treatment that focused on a cognitive behavioral approach. The posttreatment scores indicated a significant reduction of the participant’s overall experience of intense anger and significant improvement in university of georgia ap biology cognitive behavioral coping and anger control. Another study also used cognitive behavioral therapy and relaxation training in a study of 55 high-anger drivers, and this study is conducted by Deffenbancher, Filetti, Rebekah, Lynch, Dahlen and schooling, Oetting (2002).The experimental group reported significantly lower risk-seeking behaviors and trait anger than the control group. Additionally, their adaptive and constructive responses were higher than the controls. However, we need to bear in mind that CBT is not an overnight process. University. Despite patients have learned to recognize when and thesis, where their process go awry, it can take months of concerted effort to replace an irrational thought process with a more reasonable and adaptive one (Deffenbacher, 1999). Emotion-focused therapy versus Cognitive-behavioral therapy. Historically most theory and practice in counseling and university essays, psychotherapy have sought to etymology, increase the influence of reason and of georgia ap biology, cognition at the expense of the passions. The emphasis in CBT has been on experiencing and essay, understanding emotions only to the degree necessary to modify them (Stermac, 1987); whereas emotion-focused therapies believe that emotional self-awareness is an important aspect of university ap biology essays, what is means to be a flourishing human being (Greenberg #038; Johnson, 1988).
This difference between the two therapeutic approaches perhaps stems from the different cultures that gave rise to them and also from the therapeutic arenas in which they have tended to operate. CBT has been applied mainly in clinical, quasi-medical settings, often with emotional disorders, conditions in which aversive emotional experience is essay on high college tuition frequent and intense. Thus the aim of CBT frequently has been to provide rapid attenuation of emotional disorder (McGinn #038; Sanderson, 2001). EFT, on the other hand, often is applied mainly within a personal growth framework in non-medical settings (Greenberg #038; Johnson, 1988). CBT has tended to be problem-oriented and directed toward the reduction of pathology (Deffenbacher, 1999); while EFT is typically less focused and aims at the enhancement of human potential or self-actualization (Greenberg, 2004). Although both approaches result in the acquisition of greater self-understand, in of georgia CBT self-knowledge is valued less and partially independent of cognitive and the research delineating the cover letter for internship construct of emotional intelligence point to the potential limitations of approaches to self-understanding that neglect the emotions (LeDoux, 1996). CBT is in its emphasis on reason and rationality, while EFT is in university of georgia ap biology both the intrinsic value placed upon self-knowledge and in its non-medical, humanistic sensibility (Greenberg #038; Johnson, 1988). Problem with the dominant cognitive paradigm is that the sat essays CBT proposal that people need to university essays, bring troublesome emotion into line with reason’s dictates, this simple is not humanly feasible and it denies human complexity. In fact, a desire to be totally rational can itself produce emotional distress (LeDoux, 1996).
Human does things for the emotional effects and emotion therefore needs to be treated as an helper independent variable that interacts with cognition and behavior (Zajonc, 1984). Ap Biology. Recent research into the nature of essays, emotion has challenged some of the assumptions of cognitive therapy and provided a complex picture of the relationship between cognition and affect. Some research in the psychology of emotion has suggested that the cognitive-appraisal theory of emotion which CBT based on is in need of revision. Zajonc’s (1984) study suggested that emotional responses to a variety of events occur almost immediately before the event is processed cognitively. Of Georgia. Zajonc’s (1984) study showed that we can and do respond emotionally to subliminal stimuli that are so brief as it bypasses conscious awareness. Another study which conducted by LeDoux’s (1996) has showed that in mammalian brains the amygdale processes incoming sensory information directly from the thalamus, and do not when through to neocortex for processing, the amygdale then quickly evaluates the etymology perceptual information and makes a preliminary approach-avoid judgment.
When the stimulus is assessed as a threat, both physiological arousal and avoidance responses may be triggered. The initial assessment can be subsequently revised, as when one will shows frightening when startled by a loud noise only to realize that is from the television and not in the real world (LeDoux, 1996). This research has demonstrated that the appraisal theory of emotion and the theory underlying cognitive approaches to counseling and therapy are therefore flawed. Of Georgia. Another implication is that the resume letter for internship emotions may provide an indication of the individual’s tendencies to respond to the world, tendencies that are not redundant with cognitive appraisals (LeDoux, 1996). In fact, much psychological conflict and inconsistencies of ap biology essays, thought and action may result from the year fact that thinking and of georgia ap biology essays, feeling do not always originate in the same cortical systems (LeDoux, 1996). Another problem that Greenberg and resume helper, Paivio (1997) identified of the limitation of cognitive therapy is that it is useful as a brief intervention to university of georgia ap biology essays, teach patient with maladaptive disorder with coping skills. However, coping is a laudable thing but coping does not equals to essay tuition, the basic restructuring or basic change of negative emotions to an alternate view of self, new meaning to emerge and resolve painful negative emotions (Greenberg #038; Paivio, 1997). EFT is different in that it is empirically based. Its effectiveness has been shown and it is a systematic way of working with affect and change (Greenberg #038; Paivio, 1997). Coping does not necessarily leads to change, and there are patients who live by coping and university of georgia essays, when things get too intense or a crisis occurs, the coping skills do not really help in this kind of situation, and patients will very likely drift back into grading sat essays the old disorder patterns, and ap biology, this has also suggested that relapse often occurs among patients who rely on coping skills alone (Greenberg, 2004).
Thus, in the perspective of emotion-focused therapists, it is not ideal to year essay, spend the whole life with coping, but it is to validated and worked with promoting emotional change directly. University Of Georgia Ap Biology. Anger remains one of the most significant problems facing our society today, and addressing the issue of anger in psychotherapy field is in need with more empirical research and studies. Thus far, we have used anger as the main focus of the emotional problem in this essay, and it has been shown that CBT and EFT conceptualize emotional problems differently and employ different techniques in each therapy. Although the CBT and EFT possess many distinct characteristics, it has been shown in this paper that many of their characteristic overlap and the different aspects of the various approaches are compatible. CBT and EFT they both stress the importance of emotion and many of the college essays therapists and researchers have proposed the efficacy of CBT and EFT in treating anger respectively. At this point, we have known that the CBT encourages patients to develop their own specific treatment goal, think through anger-provoking situations, and monitor their own success. Each success can improve the participant’s self-esteem level; whereas EFT involves a change in internal relations which move from avoidance and negative evaluation of the painful experience to an accepting stance. The person’s new acts of ap biology, intentionally approaching, attending to, and accepting or positively evaluating one’s pain lead to its transformation. Although CBT has a significant amount of research supporting its effectiveness and despite the lack of abundant research supporting the EFT, claims can be made to each type of therapy contributes something unique and may be more or less effective depending on the patients and their particular problem, yet there is no right or wrong answer as to which one is the right therapy for resume for internship anger. This lead to the conclusion that a more integrative approach to the problem of anger should be considered that utilizes the similarities and difference between CBT and EFT.
Bushman, B. University Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays. J., Baumeister, R. F., #038; Phillips, C. M. (2001). Do people aggress to. Cover Letter For Internship. improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and ap biology, aggressive. responding. Journal of university of virginia college essays, Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 17-32. Of Georgia Essays. Deffenbacher, J. L. (1999). Cognitive-behavioral conceptualization and treatment of. anger.
Journal of grading, Clinical Psychology, 55, 295-309. Deffenbacher, J. L., Filetti, L., Rebekah, S., Lynch, E., Dahlen, E., #038; Oetting, E. (2002). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of high anger drivers. Behavior Research and Therapy, DiGiuseppe, R. (1999). End piece: Reflections on university essays, the treatment of anger. Journal of. Clinical Psychology, 55, 365-379. Greenberg, L. S. (2004). Emotion-focused therapy. University Essays. Clinical Psychology and.
Psychotherapy, 11, 3-16. Greenberg, L. S., #038; Johnson, S. (1988). Emotionally focused couples therapy. University Of Georgia Ap Biology. New York: Greenberg, L. S., #038; Paivio, S. C. (1997). Working with emotions in psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press.
Greenberg, L. S., #038; Safran, J. D. (1987). Emotion in psychotherapy: Affect, cognition, and the process of change. New York: Guilford Press. Hebb, D. O. (1949). The organization of resume, behavior: A neuropsychological theory. New.
LeDoux, J. (1996). Essays. The emotional brain: The mysterious underpinnings of emotional. Year Schooling. life. New York: Touchstone. University Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays. McGinn, L K., #038; Sanderson, W. C. (2001). What allows cognitive behavioral therapy to. brief: Overview, efficacy, and for internship, crucial factors facilitating brief treatment. Clinical. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays. Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 23-37.
Norcross, J. C., #038; Kobayashi, M. (1999). Treating anger in psychotherapy: Introduction. and cases. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55, 275-282. Etymology. Paivio, S. University Ap Biology. C. (1999). Experimental conceptualization and treatment of thesis etymology, anger. Journal of. Clinical Psychology, 55, 311-324. Schwarz, N., #038; Clore, G. L. University Essays. (1983). Mood, misattribution, and judgements of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and. College Tuition. Social Psychology, 45, 513-523.
Silverman, S., #038; DiGiuseppe, R. (2001). Cognitive-behavioral constructs and children’s. behavioral and emotional problems. Journal of Rational-Emotive #038; Cognitive- Behavior Therapy, 19, 119-134. Spielberger, C. D., Reheiser, E. C., #038; Sydeman, S. J. (1995). Measuring the experience, expression, and control of of georgia ap biology, anger. In H. Round. Kassinove (Ed). Anger disorders: Definition, diagnosis, and treatment (pp.49-65).
Washington: Taylor #038; Francis. Stermac, L. (1987). Anger control treatment for forensic patients. Journal of. Interpersonal Violence, 1, 446-467. Tang, M. (2001). Clinical outcome and of georgia essays, client satisfaction of an anger management group.
Canadian Journal of Occupational therapy, 68, 228-236. Watson, J. Resume. C., #038; Rennie, D. (1994). Qualitative analysis of clients’ subjective experience. of significant moments during the exploration of problematic reactions. Journal of. Counseling Psychology, 41, 500-509. Thank you very much, it was very great essay. You used very simple words, good explanations; it is exactly what I need. John Levchin.
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1.) The management of university, Zorrilla Corporation is considering dr. What would be the effect on the company's overall net operating income if product R10C were dropped? A. Thesis? Overall net operating income would decrease by $28,000. B. Overall net operating income would decrease by university ap biology $45,000. C. Cover Letter For Internship? Overall net operating income would increase by $28,000. D. Overall net operating income would increase by essays $45,000. The following information is used to complete #2.
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During March, the resume helper form, company budgeted for 5,300 units, but its actual level of activity was 5,310 units. The company has provided the following data concerning the formulas to be used in its budgeting:| 15. The selling and administrative expenses in the planning budget for March would be closest to: Laboe Kennel uses tenant-days as its measure of activity; an animal housed in the kennel for one day is counted as one tenant-day. During February, the kennel budgeted for 2,900 tenant-days, but its actual level of ap biology, activity was 2,940 tenant-days. The kennel has provided the following data concerning the formulas to be used in its budgeting: 19. The net operating income in the planning budget for February would be closest to: 20.
The expendables in sat essays, the flexible budget for February would be closest to: 21. Capid Corporation is a wholesaler of industrial goods. Data regarding the essays, store's operations follow: • Sales are budgeted at $360,000 for November, $330,000 for December, and $320,000 for for internship January. • Collections are expected to ap biology be 60% in the month of sale, 36% in the month following the year round essay, sale, and 4% uncollectible. • The cost of goods sold is university of georgia ap biology essays, 75% of sales.
• The company purchases 40% of its merchandise in the month prior to the month of sale and 60% in the month of sale. Payment for merchandise is year schooling, made in the month following the university of georgia essays, purchase. • The November beginning balance in the accounts receivable account is $77,000. • The November beginning balance in the accounts payable account is $271,000. 22. Wrape Urban Diner is a charity supported by thesis donations that provides free meals to the homeless. The diner's budget for April was based on 2,100 meals. The diner's director has provided the following cost data to use in the budget: groceries, $2.55 per meal; kitchen operations, $4,700 per month plus $1.70 per meal; administrative expenses, $3,300 per month plus $0.60 per meal; and fundraising expenses, $1,000 per month. The director has also provided the ap biology, diner's statement of actual expenses for the month:
23. Lido Company's standard and actual costs per unit for the most recent period, during which 400 units were actually produced, are given below: 24. Grading? The Winter Products Division of American Sports Corporation produces and markets two products for use in the snow: Sleds and Saucers. Essays? The following data were gathered on cover letter, activities last month: 25. The management of Drummer Corporation is considering dropping product D84L. Data from the ap biology, company's accounting system appear below: Tilson Company has projected sales and production in units for the second quarter of the coming year as follows: All units are sold on university, account for $16 each. Cash collections from university of georgia, sales are budgeted at round, 60% in the month of sale, 30% in the month following the month of university ap biology essays, sale, and the remaining 10% in the second month following the month of sale.
Accounts receivable on April 1 totaled $520,000 $(100,000 from form, February's sales and university of georgia ap biology the remainder from March). Please make sure that the data is year round schooling, complete, for example, #1 is missing some data. 1.) The management of Zorrilla Corporation is considering dropping product R10C. Data from the company's accounting system appear below: Variable expenses 125,000. Fixed Manufacturing expenses 88,000. Fixed sellign and admin expenses 75,000. What would be the effect on the company's overall net operating income if product R10C were dropped?
A. Overall net operating income would decrease by ap biology essays $28,000. B. Overall net operating income would decrease by $45,000. C. Overall net operating income would increase by $28,000. D. Overall net operating income would increase by $45,000. Here is the homework. Sales 260,000 Variable expenses 125,000 Fixed Manufacturing expenses 88,000 Fixed selling and admin expenses 75,000. All fixed expenses of the company are fully allocated to resume products in ap biology essays, the company's accounting system. Further investigation has revealed that $42,000 of the fixed manufacturing expenses and $48,000 of the fixed selling and administrative expenses are avoidable if product R10C is discontinued. What would be the effect on essay on high, the company's overall net operating income if product R10C were dropped? A. University Essays? Overall net operating income would decrease by $28,000. B. Essay? Overall net operating income would decrease by $45,000.
C. Overall net operating income would increase by $28,000. D. Overall net operating income would increase by $45,000. The following information is used to complete #2. The Clemson Company reported the following results last year for the manufacture and sale of one of essays, its products known as a Tam. Sales (6,500 tams at $130 each) 845,000. Variable cost of sales 390,000. Variable distribution cost 65,000. Fixed advertising expense 275,000. Salary of product line manager 25,000. Fixed manufacturing overhead 145,000. Net operating loss (55,000)
2.) Assume that discontinuing the manufacture and year sale of Tams will have no effect on the sale of other product lines. If the of georgia, company discontinues the Tam product line, the change in annual operating income (or loss) should be: A. $55,000 decrease. B. Resume Cover? $65,000 decrease. C. $90,000 decrease. D. $70,000 increase. 3.) Which of the following is not a benefit of budgeting?
A. It uncovers potential bottlenecks before they occur. B. It coordinates the activities of the entire organization by integrating the plans and of georgia ap biology essays objectives of the various parts. C. It ensures that accounting records comply with generally accepted accounting principles. D. It provides benchmarks for evaluating subsequent performance. 4.) There are various budgets within the essays, master budget. One of these budgets is the production budget. Which of the following BEST describes the production budget? A. It details the required direct labor hours. B. It details the required raw materials purchases. C. University Ap Biology? It is calculated based on the sales budget and the desired ending inventory. D. It summarizes the costs of producing units for the budget period.
The information below is regarding the next 3 problems. Coles Company, Inc. makes and sells a single product, Product R. Three yards of Material K are needed to make one unit of Product R. Budgeted production of Product R for the next five months is as follows: September 14,500 units. October 15,500 units. November 12,6000 units. December 11,900 units. The company wants to maintain monthly ending inventories of Material K equal to 20% of the following month's production needs.
On July 31, this requirement was not met since only of virginia college, 2,500 yards of Material K were on hand. Of Georgia Essays? The cost of Material K is $0.85 per yard. The company wants to prepare a Direct Materials Purchase Budget for the rest of the year. 5.) The total cost of Material K to be purchased in August is: 6.) The desired ending inventory of Material K for the month of September is: 7.) The total needs (i.e., production requirements plus desired ending inventory) of Material K for the month of November are: 8. Kronstedt Corporation has a standard cost system in which it applies manufacturing overhead to products on the basis of standard machine-hours (MHs).
The company has provided the following data for the most recent month: Actual Level of Activity 6.300 MHs. Cost Formula for variable overhead cost $6,70 per MH. Budgeted fixed manufacturing overhead cost $42,000. Actual total variable overhead $41,580. Actual total fixed manufacturing overhead 45,000. A. $710 unfavorable. B. Grading Sat Essays? $1,340 unfavorable. C. $630 favorable. D. $3,000 unfavorable. The information below is used to answer #9 and #10.
Osier Corporation, which produces cellular transmission towers, has provided the following data: Actual production 3,500 towers. standard machine hours per of georgia ap biology tower 5.2 machine hours. Budgeted machine-hours (5.2 x 3,400) 17,680 machine-hours. Standard machine-hours allowed for the actual output (5.2 x 3,500) 18,200 machine-hours. Budgeted variable overhead cost per machine hour: Indirect labor $9.20 per machine-hours. 9. The variable overhead efficiency variance for essay indirect labor is: 10.
The variable overhead efficiency variance for power is: The following information is used in completing #11 and #12. The following labor standards have been established for a particular product: Standard of labor rate $13.80 per hour. Actual total labor cost $17,040. Actual output 400 units. 11. What is the labor rate variance for the month? 12. What is the labor efficiency variance for the month? The following information is used to solve problems #13 and #14.
The following materials standards have been established for a particular product: Standard price $17.70 per pound. Acutal cost of university essays, materials purchased 113,460. Actual materials used in production 5,700 pounds. Actual output 700 units.
13. Etymology? What is the materials price variance for the month? 14. What is the materials quantity variance for the month? The following information is used to solve #15, #16, #17. Manago Corporation manufactures and sells a single product. The company uses units as the measure of activity in its budgets and performance reports. During March, the company budgeted for 5,300 units, but its actual level of activity was 5,310 units.
The company has provided the following data concerning the formulas to of georgia ap biology be used in its budgeting:| Direct labor - Fixed element per month 0 Variable element per unit 5,50. Direct materials - Fixed element per month 0 Variable element per unit $13.80. Manufacturing overhead - Fixed element per thesis month $45,400 Variable element per unit $1.00. Sellign and admin expenses- Fixed element per month $21,400 Variable element per unit $0.80. Total expenses - Fixed element per essays month $66,800 Variable element per cover for internship unit $21.10. 15. The selling and administrative expenses in the planning budget for March would be closest to: 16. The net operating income in the planning budget for March would be closest to: 17.
The direct materials in the flexible budget for March would be closest to: The following information is needed to complete #18, #19 and #20. Laboe Kennel uses tenant-days as its measure of activity; an university of georgia ap biology animal housed in the kennel for one day is counted as one tenant-day. During February, the kennel budgeted for 2,900 tenant-days, but its actual level of on high college, activity was 2,940 tenant-days. The kennel has provided the following data concerning the formulas to be used in its budgeting: Wages and salaries- Fixed element per month $2,300 Variable element per tenant day $6.70. Expendables- Fixed element per month $600 Variable element per tenant day $9.10. Facility expenses - Fixed element per month $8,400 Variable element per tenant day $4.40. Admin expenses - Fixed element per month $6,900 Variable element per tenant day $0.30. Total expenses - Fixed element per month $18,200 Variable element per tenant day $20.50. 18.
The administrative expenses in the planning budget for February would be closest to: 19. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays? The net operating income in the planning budget for February would be closest to: 20. The expendables in the flexible budget for February would be closest to:
21. For Internship? Capid Corporation is a wholesaler of industrial goods. University Ap Biology? Data regarding the store's operations follow: · Sales are budgeted at $360,000 for November, $330,000 for December, and $320,000 for January. · Collections are expected to be 60% in the month of sale, 36% in the month following the sale, and 4% uncollectible. · The cost of goods sold is 75% of sales.
· The company purchases 40% of resume helper form, its merchandise in the month prior to the month of sale and 60% in the month of sale. Payment for merchandise is of georgia ap biology essays, made in university essays, the month following the purchase. · The November beginning balance in the accounts receivable account is $77,000. · The November beginning balance in the accounts payable account is ap biology, $271,000. 22. Wrape Urban Diner is a charity supported by donations that provides free meals to the homeless.
The diner's budget for April was based on 2,100 meals. The diner's director has provided the following cost data to use in the budget: groceries, $2.55 per meal; kitchen operations, $4,700 per month plus $1.70 per meal; administrative expenses, $3,300 per month plus $0.60 per meal; and schooling fundraising expenses, $1,000 per month. The director has also provided the diner's statement of university of georgia, actual expenses for the month: Actual meals - 1,900. Kitchen operaitons - $ 8,050. Admin expenses - $4,570. Fundraising expenses - $960. Total expenses - $18,275. 23. Lido Company's standard and actual costs per unit for the most recent period, during which 400 units were actually produced, are given below: Direct labor: Standard 1.5 hours at $6.00 per on high hour Actual: 1.4 at $6.50 per hour.
Variable overhead: Standard 1.5 hours at $3.40 Actual 1.4 foot at $6.10 per hour. Total unit cost: Standard $17.10 Actual $16.80. 24. The Winter Products Division of American Sports Corporation produces and university ap biology essays markets two products for use in the snow: Sleds and Saucers. The following data were gathered on activities last month: Selling price per uni: Sleds $50 Saucers $20. Varable production cost per letter unit: Sleds $20 Saucers $5. Traceable fixed production cost: Sleds $12,000 Saucers $36,000. Variable selling expense per unit: Sleds $2 Saucers $1.
Traceable fixed selling expenses: Sleds $2,000 Saucers $3,000. Allocate division adminitrative expenses: Sleds $40,000 Saucers $72,000. 25. The management of Drummer Corporation is considering dropping product D84L. Data from the company's accounting system appear below: Variable expenses 440,000. Fixed manufacturing expenses 248,000. Fixed selling and university of georgia ap biology admin expenses 184,000. Tilson Company has projected sales and production in grading, units for the second quarter of the university of georgia essays, coming year as follows:
Production: April 65,000 May 55,000 June 55,000. All units are sold on account for $16 each. Cash collections from resume helper, sales are budgeted at 60% in the month of sale, 30% in the month following the of georgia ap biology, month of sale, and the remaining 10% in university of virginia, the second month following the month of sale. Accounts receivable on April 1 totaled $520,000 $(100,000 from February's sales and of georgia the remainder from March). Question Date Submitted For logic pro only Write a recursive function to cover generate a10/5/2017 10/5/2017 LogicPro Help with homework10/5/2017 10/5/2017 I have a question for H10/4/2017 10/4/2017 Write a C program using multiple functions that will10/4/2017 10/4/2017 No initial file comment is ap biology, required for this assignment.10/3/2017 10/3/2017 For LogicPro ONLY10/3/2017 10/3/2017 Bella beauty salons unadjusted trial balance for the current10/3/2017 10/3/2017 Write a C++ program to resume helper read the file into a 2D array of10/2/2017 10/2/2017 Consider the data presented, would you use t or F score?10/1/2017 10/1/2017 Join up the following.
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University of georgia ap biology …
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and ap biology, What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay.
In this articles, I'll try to get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an grading sat essays, A. I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to of georgia receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. If you don’t believe me, the university of virginia college essays, proof is in the IBO pudding, If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman’s terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and university of georgia ap biology essays, I received a grade A. The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an sat essays, advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). I'll explain exactly how the of georgia essays, EE affects your diploma later in this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to be approved by etymology, IBO (which is not very difficult). University Of Georgia Ap Biology? You can do a typical research paper such as in this paper, or you conduct an grading, experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. University? Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to university of virginia one at another school through the Pamoja Education). University Ap Biology Essays? I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below.
The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of contents, the 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an sat essays, experiment would), and university, a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is then sent to the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below). What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay? You can technically write about anything, so long as the IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into resume helper, one of the essays, IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is round essay a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for of georgia ap biology essays Writing a Grade A Extended Essay. Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of helper, Time on It.
I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the university of georgia essays, Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about resume cover, my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. University Ap Biology Essays? Do you like Math because you like to round essay problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics?
What did you like about of georgia ap biology, that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on this type of thesis etymology, brainstorming. After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to of georgia ap biology choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is a fine line. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it . You can’t write about WWII because that would be a book worth of material. You don’t want to grading write about what type of soup prisoners of war received in POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and of georgia, failures.
This may be too obvious of helper, a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to university ap biology essays brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. Resume Helper Form? If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to ap biology essays John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison. The key here is that the year round schooling essay, comparison needs to be significant. Of Georgia Ap Biology Essays? I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the for internship, only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is of georgia ap biology essays out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out there on the exact topic, it may be too broad.
If there are only 2 books that have any connection to university college your topic, it may be too narrow. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of university ap biology, advisors: Tip #3: Choose an sat essays, Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of who you would like to university essays be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and essays, cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr.
Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an of georgia, experiment to compare the efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject.
I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to guide you in university college essays, writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is university ap biology passionate and resume form, knowledgeable about university of georgia ap biology essays, your topic (as my English teacher was about year round schooling, my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. There was no theatre teacher at university of georgia ap biology essays my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an university, Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is of georgia ap biology essays any required paperwork.
IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best. Some teachers may just take on students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and may not give you a lot of college, feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts and of georgia ap biology, give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to grading sat essays make the draft better. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to university essays push you.
Note: The IBO only year round schooling essay allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in university ap biology essays, total with the essay, candidate discussing the EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and essays, Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly.
Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument. An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for grading the reader to follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the grading of of georgia ap biology essays, your EE. The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. Resume For Internship? It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on university of georgia whether or not you include diagrams). Your body can be split into grading sat essays, multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an university essays, experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the essay, data, discussing uncertainties, and essays, drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later! You will not be able to year schooling crank out a 4,000-word essay in a week and get an A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). University Ap Biology? Start the research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay.
Some schools want them as soon as November of essay on high, your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to university of georgia ap biology essays come up with a topic, when you need to grading meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is university of georgia essays earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and round, a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to of georgia your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline. Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year!
I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the essay college, fall when you are busy with college applications and of georgia essays, other IB internal assessments for helper form your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of university ap biology essays, Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of your EE to letter your advisor and receive feedback. Work on essays incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft.
September/October of thesis etymology, Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on university of georgia essays creating the best possible final draft. November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to be sent off to resume letter IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. The early bird DOES get the worm! Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of essays, 0 to 36. There are general and subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for year round schooling essay the general criteria and 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from ap biology essays, A to E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of sat essays, scores (from 2008): How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma?
The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the university of georgia, two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). So, let’s say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to essay the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the of georgia ap biology, extended essay or theory of on high tuition, knowledge and university of georgia ap biology essays, still be awarded a diploma.
However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in form, May 2015), a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on of georgia essays how to get an university college essays, A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score.
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