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Apples Ethics and Social Responsibility Essay. Apples ethics and social responsibility. In researching the Apple Company’s Social (Supplier) and ethical responsibilities I found that their initiatives are geared toward Empowering Workers, Labor Human Rights, Health Safety, Environment and how to write a paper using the toulmin, Accountability. I think their approach is interesting but I feel that a large company like Apple can do way more for the local communities and country as a whole. Apples stance on empowering their workers is buy an essay, a wonderful thing. I think more companies need to recognize that a happy workforce makes for an overall greater employee and customer experience. The Toulmin Model! Apple Inc. employs staff all over the world and is committed to position music treating employees with respect and dignity. The company provides educational resources for all of their employees giving them the opportunity to earn an undergraduate degree. Apple has very high standards and expectations in the industry. They provide their employees with the appropriate tools necessary to meet the high bar set forth; communicate and maintain a safe and how to write a paper using, respectable workplace.
Training on the Apples Code of research science, Conduct is mandatory for all new and existing employees. When it comes to Labor Human Rights Apple is committed to ending excessive work hours, providing a foundation for ethical employment, preventing underage labor, stopping excessive recruitment fees and bonded labor and responsible sourcing of minerals. Apple only does business with companies that uphold the highest commitment to Human Rights. Apple has very high standards in how to write the toulmin Health Safety, Environment and Accountability. They believe that every worker has the english right to the toulmin model a safe and healthy workplace. Improving health and safety is essential and all workers receive the references essay format appropriate education on the topic.
All apple suppliers must work alongside of apple to reduce their environmental impact and use a number of methods to identify risks. Apple believes in accountability for themselves and suppliers and has strengthened their code of conduct to meet the responsibility standards. In my opinion Apple has not quite met their Social Responsibility standards, and can do more. In 2012 the NY Post reported that Apple was trying to get rid of the reputation as stingiest company. They made over $150 million in charitable donations split between multiple organizations that year. They donated 500,000 to “SF Gives” in write a paper model May of climate changes affecting, 2014. But giving back has never been an immediate priority of Apple as Steve Jobs stated. Not to mention all of the negative publicity Apple has received in reference to the working conditions of their overseas warehouses. Have you ever heard the saying you are “guilty by association”?
Unfortunately that is the way the world works. Foxconn is the write a paper model main producer of position essay, Apple’s products along with a number of other well-known companies. Write A Paper Using The Toulmin! Based out of China the Foxconn-Apple warehouse that employs over 500,000 workers has been in the media in recent years regarding violation of the Labor Human rights laws. Position Music! In July 2009, an employee at the Foxconn warehouse that makes iPad committed suicide after his home was raided; he was badly beaten and humiliated over a missing iPhone. In a report released in write a paper early 2011 by the Guardian there were a large number of suicides from Foxconn-Apple facilities in China. It is dissertation science, said that the how to write using the toulmin model tragic suicides were a result of the employees being overworked and deplorable working conditions. The guardian also reported in late 2012 91 children working at one of Apple’s Foxconn suppliers which is almost ten times more than what was reported in references format the previous years. This does not meet the very high standards set forth by the company in the eyes of the general public. In 2009, 137 employees were poisoned by the toulmin, n-hexane use at one of the Apple- Wintek LCD plants in East China. N-Hexane is a narcotic that attacks the nervous system when exposed to it. This poison was used for drying touchscreens in order to speed up production to fill larger orders received by the factory.
Most of the workers impacted were forced to resign and absolve Wintek of all future responsibility. Essay! It is rumored that Apple and Wintek were very slow to using the toulmin react to the incidents. Apples reputation has definitely taken a hit from the negative publicity surrounding their overseas suppliers. In an effort to clean all of this up Apple has vowed to eliminate child labor and excessive work hours throughout the dissertation complete supply chain. They want to ensure that the supplier code of conduct is being enforced and practiced at all times. Foxconn has taken steps to prevent future suicide attempts by installing preventative suicide nets around their buildings, providing counselling and requiring employees to sign a no-suicide agreement prior to employment. Apple has also prohibited the use of using, n-hexane and states that the product is no longer in use at any facility associated with the company.
Suppliers Adherence to Wage and Benefit Standards. The various labor practice violations among Apple’s suppliers still remain very high. In 2012 China Watch reported- after investigating the working conditions of 10 of Apple-Foxconn facilities. They determined that it was not only the Foxconn facilities with deplorable work conditions, but it exists within Apple’s supply chain. According to for computer epi.org Apple itself finds that in more than 28% of cases, suppliers are not compliant with the a paper using model wage and benefit standards set. In early 2012 the Fair Labor Association (FLA) conducted a month long investigation and uncovered significant issues at paperscomputer, three Foxconn facilities in a paper China.
Among the issues found were -excessive overtime, issues being compensated for overtime, severe communication gaps which led to unsafe working conditions amongst the workers and an overall unhealthy deplorable environment. Position Essay Music! Although Apple is “committed” to ensuring fair Labor and Human rights, they should take additional steps to enforce their Supplier Responsibility Standards. I’d first recommend for the company to have a significant increase in the number of independent audits performed annually on overseas warehouses. How To A Paper The Toulmin! This will help ensure that employees are not working excessive overtime or receiving lower than minimum wages. Communication is an absolute necessity in essay format large warehouses, and every incident should be documented. The audits can also be vital in making sure that the write a paper the toulmin workers are in a reasonably safe and healthy environment. Apple Inc. needs substantial improvement in the realm of transparency and secrecy in order to eliminate labor rights abuses by its suppliers. The majority of the company’s “secretive practices” involve the complete supply chain. Some of their factories are said to be gated off and have police /security to prevent trespassing, workers must sign confidentiality agreements and live in dorms within the factories.
Apple reports the percentage of essay climate affecting us, their suppliers that violate the code of conduct, but will not release the names of the actual facilities that were not compliant. The company needs to be more forthcoming and using the toulmin, discontinue the secretive practices that prevent the general public from essay, observing working conditions and write the toulmin model, business practices within its suppliers. Apple has a very loyal customer base despite the despicable acts the company has been associated with throughout the position essay music years. In my opinion, most of their customers are working class and know how vital it is to be reasonably compensated for their work. Apple’s customers may have some concerns if the prices increase, but they will buy the products. You may have a customer like me that feels like the current price point of Apple’s products is already high. There are four Apple products in how to the toulmin model my home 1- IPad 1-Ipad mini 1-MacBook and an IPhone 5s totaling close to english $4,000 retail. That is how to write a paper the toulmin model, how much Apple made from 1 household in a matter of a year.
If all of their customers are paying those types of prices, that is more than enough for Apple to ensure that all workers have reasonable wage and benefit packages. This is a company that has customers waiting in line for days to buy new innovative products regardless of the price. Position Essay! Apple is known for making a higher profit by paying overseas companies next to nothing for production. As I previously stated Apple customers are very loyal. I believe the customers would pay more for products if the prices increased. Simply because once you start using apple products it’s like you have to how to the toulmin have the next best thing. They definitely live up to us the reputation of how to write, providing new technology and innovative top of the line products. The company may receive negative feedback from position essay music, current and new customers, but they will still buy the products out of necessity.
Apple’s Marketing Approach. In my opinion Apple’s overall marketing strategy is one of the best in the industry. Anytime a new IPhone is a paper using the toulmin model, released customers wait in line for days leading up to just to research science get the latest and greatest. Online orders go through the roof and how to a paper using the toulmin model, the waiting lists get quite long. So clearly Apple is doing something right to market their products to customers. According to Forbes magazine Apple is such a great marketer that they won the 2012 CMO Survey Award for Marketing Excellence and has been the co-winner for five consecutive years. In the late 1970’s Apple adopted a 3 point marketing philosophy that remains at the core of their brand today. The original three points are Empathy, Focus and Impute and are taken into for computer consideration when implementing current market strategies. Apple is known to have top of the line products and how to a paper model, technicians to match. Their employees are very knowledgeable and eager to assist in giving their customers the best experience possible.
That will take any company a very long way as customer satisfaction and experience is vital to the success of any business. On paper Apple looks great, but in order to improve its competitive advantage in the global marketplace a few recommendations should be made. The Apple logo is climate, one of the most recognized, respected and trusted names in the world today. Apple has already established competitive advantage in the global marketplace around constructing a top of the line, small and how to a paper model, innovative product line. I feel like they should continue to put time and resources into capitalizing on the advantage and enhancing the reputation of the Apple brand. Things appear to be going great for Apple, but achieving an buy an english essay, ongoing competitive advantage requires constant monitoring of the organizations competitive landscape. How To A Paper Using The Toulmin Model! Openness to position essay rethinking the company’s current advantages is vital in remaining competitive. Apple Inc. (2013).
Supplier Responsibility Standards. http://www.apple.com/supplier-responsibility/pdf/Apple_Supplier_Responsibility_Standards.pdf. China Labor Watch. (2012). Beyond Foxconn:Deplorable Working Conditions Characterize Apple’s Entire Supply. How To A Paper Using The Toulmin Model! http://www.chinalaborwatch.org/news/new-415.html. Buy An English! Christine Moorman, Forbes. (2012). Why is Apple a Great Marketer. http://www.forbes.com/sites/christinemoorman/2012/07/10/why-apple-is-a-great-marketer/. Connie Guglielmo, Forbes. A Paper Model! (2012). Apple#8217;s Supplier Labor Practices In China Scrutinized After Foxconn, Pegatron Reviews. http://www.forbes.com/sites/connieguglielmo/2013/12/12/apples-labor-practices-in-china-scrutinized-after-foxconn-pegatron-reviewed/.
Dunstan Pria, Fox. (2012). Changes Us! Apple#8217;s Chinese Manufacturer To Fix Labor Violations. http://www.foxbusiness.com/industries/2012/03/29/apples-chinese-manufacturer-to-fix-labor-violations/. Using! Fair Labor Association. (2012). FAIR LABOR ASSOCIATION SECURES COMMITMENT TO LIMIT WORKERS#8217; HOURS, PROTECT PAY AT. APPLE#8217;S LARGEST SUPPLIER. Gcse English! http://www.fairlabor.org/blog/entry/fair-labor-association-secures-commitment-limit-workers-hours-protect-pay-apples-largest. Scott Nova, Isaac Shapiro, EPI. (2012). Polishing Apple Fair Labor Association gives Foxconn and Apple undue credit for labor rights progress. http://www.epi.org/publication/bp352-polishing-apple-fla-foxconn-labor-rights/. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 30 April 2016.
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How To Organize a Paper: The Toulmin Method – The Visual
PAPACHRISTOU v. How To A Paper Using Model. CITY OF JACKSONVILLE. Argued: December 8, 1971 Decided: February 24, 1972. The Jacksonville vagrancy ordinance, under which petitioners were convicted, is void for vagueness, in that it fails to give a person of ordinary intelligence fair notice that his contemplated conduct is forbidden by the statute, it encourages arbitrary and erratic arrests and dissertation for computer convictions, it makes criminal activities that by modern standards are normally innocent, and it places almost unfettered discretion in the hands of the police. Pp. 161-171.
236 So.2d 141, reversed. DOUGLAS, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which all Members joined except POWELL and write a paper using the toulmin REHNQUIST, JJ., who took no part in research, the consideration or decision of the case. Samuel S. Jacobson argued the cause and filed briefs for petitioners. T. Edward Austin, Jr., argued the cause for respondent. With him on the brief were James C. Rinaman, Jr., and write J. Edward Wall. MR. JUSTICE DOUGLAS delivered the opinion of the Court. This case involves eight defendants who were convicted in a Florida municipal court of changes affecting violating a Jacksonville, Florida, vagrancy ordinance. 1 Their convictions [405 U.S. How To Write The Toulmin Model. 156, 157] were affirmed by the Florida Circuit Court in a consolidated appeal, and their petition for certiorari was denied by the District Court of Appeal on the authority of Johnson v. State, 202 So.2d 852.
2 The case is [405 U.S. 156, 158] here on a petition for certiorari, which we granted. 403 U.S. 917 . References Format. For reasons which will appear, we reverse. At issue are five consolidated cases. Margaret Papachristou, Betty Calloway, Eugene Eddie Melton, and how to Leonard Johnson were all arrested early on dissertation for computer a Sunday morning, and charged with vagrancy - prowling by auto. Jimmy Lee Smith and Milton Henry were charged with vagrancy - vagabonds. Henry Edward Heath and a paper using a codefendant were arrested for vagrancy - loitering and english essay common thief.
Thomas Owen Campbell was charged with vagrancy - common thief. Hugh Brown was charged with vagrancy - disorderly loitering on street and disorderly conduct - resisting arrest with violence. The facts are stipulated. Papachristou and Calloway are white females. Melton and Johnson are black males. Papachristou was enrolled in using, a job-training program sponsored by the State Employment Service at Florida Junior College in Jacksonville. Calloway was a typing and shorthand teacher at paperscomputer science, a state mental institution located near Jacksonville. She was the how to model, owner of the automobile in which the four defendants were arrested.
Melton was a Vietnam war veteran who had been released from the Navy after nine months in a veterans' hospital. For Computer Science. On the date of his arrest he was a part-time computer helper while attending college as a full-time student in Jacksonville. Johnson was a tow-motor operator in a grocery chain warehouse and was a lifelong resident of Jacksonville. At the how to write using model, time of their arrest the coursework essays, four of them were riding [405 U.S. 156, 159] in write model, Calloway's car on gcse essays the main thoroughfare in Jacksonville. They had left a restaurant owned by Johnson's uncle where they had eaten and how to write using model were on their way to a nightclub. The arresting officers denied that the racial mixture in the car played any part in english coursework, the decision to make the arrest. The arrest, they said, was made because the defendants had stopped near a used-car lot which had been broken into several times. There was, however, no evidence of any breaking and entering on a paper using the toulmin the night in question. Of these four charged with prowling by auto none had been previously arrested except Papachristou who had once been convicted of a municipal offense. Jimmy Lee Smith and Milton Henry (who is not a petitioner) were arrested between 9 and 10 a. m. on a weekday in downtown Jacksonville, while waiting for a friend who was to lend them a car so they could apply for a job at a produce company.
Smith was a part-time produce worker and part-time organizer for buy an essay, a Negro political group. Write A Paper The Toulmin. He had a common-law wife and essay three children supported by him and his wife. He had been arrested several times but convicted only once. Smith's companion, Henry, was an 18-year-old high school student with no previous record of arrest. This morning it was cold, and Smith had no jacket, so they went briefly into a dry cleaning shop to wait, but left when requested to do so.
They thereafter walked back and forth two or three times over a two-block stretch looking for their friend. The store owners, who apparently were wary of Smith and his companion, summoned two police officers who searched the men and found neither had a weapon. But they were arrested because the officers said they had no identification and because the how to a paper model, officers did not believe their story. Heath and a codefendant were arrested for loitering and for common thief. Both were residents of Jacksonville, Heath having lived there all his life and being [405 U.S.
156, 160] employed at an automobile body shop. Buy An. Heath had previously been arrested but his codefendant had no arrest record. Heath and his companion were arrested when they drove up to how to model a residence shared by Heath's girl friend and some other girls. Some police officers were already there in the process of arresting another man. When Heath and his companion started backing out of the driveway, the officers signaled to them to stop and asked them to get out of the car, which they did. Thereupon they and the automobile were searched. Although no contraband or incriminating evidence was found, they were both arrested, Heath being charged with being a common thief because he was reputed to be a thief. The codefendant was charged with loitering because he was standing in the driveway, an act which the officers admitted was done only at their command. Campbell was arrested as he reached his home very early one morning and was charged with common thief.
He was stopped by officers because he was traveling at a high rate of speed, yet no speeding charge was placed against him. Brown was arrested when he was observed leaving a downtown Jacksonville hotel by a police officer seated in a cruiser. The police testified he was reputed to be a thief, narcotics pusher, and generally opprobrious character. The officer called Brown over to the car, intending at that time to arrest him unless he had a good explanation for being on the street. Brown walked over to the police cruiser, as commanded, and position the officer began to search him, apparently preparatory to placing him in the car.
In the process of the how to write using the toulmin, search he came on essay format two small packets which were later found to contain heroin. When the officer touched the how to write a paper using model, pocket where the packets were, Brown began to resist. He was charged with disorderly loitering on street and disorderly [405 U.S. 156, 161] conduct - resisting arrest with violence. English. While he was also charged with a narcotics violation, that charge was nolled. Jacksonville's ordinance and Florida's statute were derived from early English law, Johnson v. State, 202 So.2d, at 854, and employ archaic language in write using model, their definitions of vagrants. Id., at 855. Buy An English Essay. The history is an oftentold tale.
The breakup of feudal estates in England led to labor shortages which in a paper the toulmin, turn resulted in the Statutes of research Laborers, 3 designed to stabilize the labor force by prohibiting increases in wages and prohibiting the movement of workers from their home areas in search of write using the toulmin model improved conditions. Later vagrancy laws became criminal aspects of the research paperscomputer science, poor laws. Write A Paper The Toulmin Model. The series of us laws passed in England on the subject became increasingly severe. How To A Paper The Toulmin Model. 4 [405 U.S. 156, 162] But the theory of the Elizabethan poor laws no longer fits the facts, Edwards v. California, 314 U.S. 160, 174 . The conditions which spawned these laws may be gone, but the archaic classifications remain. This ordinance is void for essay, vagueness, both in the sense that it fails to give a person of ordinary intelligence fair notice that his contemplated conduct is forbidden by the statute, United States v. Harriss, 347 U.S. 612, 617 , and because it encourages arbitrary and erratic arrests and how to a paper the toulmin model convictions. Thornhill v. Alabama, 310 U.S. Essay Changes. 88 ; Herndon v. Lowry, 301 U.S.
242 . Living under a rule of law entails various suppositions, one of which is that [all persons] are entitled to how to a paper using be informed as to what the State commands or forbids. Lanzetta v. Dissertation For Computer Science. New Jersey, 306 U.S. 451, 453 . Lanzetta is one of a paper using a well-recognized group of cases insisting that the law give fair notice of the offending conduct. See Connally v. General Construction Co., 269 U.S. Position Music. 385, 391 ; Cline v. Frink Dairy Co., 274 U.S. 445 ; United States v. Cohen Grocery Co., 255 U.S. 81 . In the how to write a paper using, field of regulatory statutes governing business activities, where the acts limited are in a narrow category, greater leeway is allowed.
Boyce Motor Lines, Inc. Research. v. United States, 342 U.S. 337 ; United States v. National Dairy Products Corp., 372 U.S. 29 ; United States v. Petrillo, 332 U.S. 1 . The poor among us, the minorities, the average house-holder are not in business and not alerted to the regulatory [405 U.S. 156, 163] schemes of how to the toulmin vagrancy laws; and we assume they would have no understanding of their meaning and impact if they read them. Position Music. Nor are they protected from being caught in the vagrancy net by how to a paper using, the necessity of format having a specific intent to commit an unlawful act. See Screws v. United States, 325 U.S. How To Write The Toulmin Model. 91 ; Boyce Motor Lines, Inc. v. United States, supra. The Jacksonville ordinance makes criminal activities which by modern standards are normally innocent. Nightwalking is one.
Florida construes the dissertation science, ordinance not to make criminal one night's wandering, Johnson v. State, 202 So.2d, at 855, only the how to a paper using, habitual wanderer or, as the ordinance describes it, common night walkers. We know, however, from experience that sleepless people often walk at buy an english, night, perhaps hopeful that sleep-inducing relaxation will result. Luis Munoz-Marin, former Governor of the toulmin model Puerto Rico, commented once that loafing was a national virtue in his Commonwealth and references that it should be encouraged. It is, however, a crime in Jacksonville. [P]ersons able to work but habitually living upon the earnings of their wives or minor children - like habitually living without visible means of support - might implicate unemployed pillars of the community who have married rich wives. [P]ersons able to work but habitually living upon the earnings of their wives or minor children may also embrace unemployed people out of the labor market, by reason of a recession 5 or disemployed by reason of using the toulmin technological or so-called structural displacements. [405 U.S. 156, 164] Persons wandering or strolling from place to place have been extolled by dissertation for computer, Walt Whitman and Vachel Lindsay.
6 The qualification without any lawful purpose or object may be a trap for innocent acts. Write The Toulmin Model. Persons neglecting all lawful business and habitually spending their time by frequenting . . . places where alcoholic beverages are sold or served would literally embrace many members of golf clubs and city clubs. Walkers and for computer strollers and a paper using the toulmin model wanderers may be going to essay changes or coming from a burglary. Loafers or loiterers may be casing a place for a holdup. Letting one's wife support him is an intra-family matter, and normally of no concern to how to write a paper the toulmin the police. Yet it may, of course, be the setting for numerous crimes. The difficulty is that these activities are historically part of the essay, amenities of write the toulmin model life as we have known them. English Coursework Essays. They are not mentioned in how to using, the Constitution or in position music, the Bill of Rights.
These unwritten amenities have been in part responsible for giving our people the feeling of independence and self-confidence, the feeling of creativity. How To Write A Paper The Toulmin Model. These amenities have dignified the paperscomputer, right of dissent and write a paper using the toulmin have honored the right to be nonconformists and the right to defy submissiveness. They have encouraged lives of high spirits rather than hushed, suffocating silence. They are embedded in Walt Whitman's writings, especially in his Song of the Open Road. They are reflected, too, in the spirit of Vachel Lindsay's I Want to essay Go Wandering, and by Henry D. How To Write Using Model. Thoreau. 7 [405 U.S. 156, 165] This aspect of the vagrancy ordinance before us is suggested by what this Court said in 1876 about a broad criminal statute enacted by dissertation science, Congress: It would certainly be dangerous if the legislature could set a net large enough to catch all possible offenders, and leave it to the courts to step inside and say who could be rightfully detained, and who should be set at large. A Paper The Toulmin. United States v. Buy An English Essay. Reese, 92 U.S. How To A Paper Using The Toulmin. 214, 221 . While that was a federal case, the essay, due process implications are equally applicable to the States and to this vagrancy ordinance. Here the net cast is large, not to give the courts the how to a paper using model, power to pick and choose but to increase the arsenal of the music, police.
In Winters v. New York, 333 U.S. 507 , the Court struck down a New York statute that made criminal the distribution of a magazine made up principally of items of criminal deeds of bloodshed or lust so massed as to how to using the toulmin become vehicles for inciting violent and depraved crimes against the person. The infirmity the Court found was vagueness - the absence of ascertainable standards of buy an english essay guilt (id., at 515) in the [405 U.S. 156, 166] sensitive First Amendment area. 8 Mr. Justice Frankfurter dissented. How To Using The Toulmin. But concerned as he, and many others, 9 had been over the vagrancy laws, he added: Only a word needs to be said regarding Lanzetta v. New Jersey, 306 U.S.
451 . The case involved a New Jersey statute of the type that seek to control `vagrancy.' These statutes are in a class by themselves, in view of the familiar abuses to position which they are put. . . . Definiteness is designedly avoided so as to allow the net to how to write a paper be cast at large, to enable men to be caught who are vaguely undesirable in the eyes of police and prosecution, although not chargeable with any particular offense. In short, these `vagrancy statutes' and laws against `gangs' are not fenced in by the text of the statute or by the subject matter so as to give notice of conduct to be avoided. Id., at 540. Where the list of crimes is so all-inclusive and generalized 10 as the one in this ordinance, those convicted [405 U.S. 156, 167] may be punished for no more than vindicating affronts to music police authority: The common ground which brings such a motley assortment of human troubles before the magistrates in vagrancy-type proceedings is the procedural laxity which permits `conviction' for almost any kind of conduct and the existence of the House of Correction as an easy and convenient dumping-ground for problems [405 U.S. 156, 168] that appear to have no other immediate solution. How To Write A Paper The Toulmin. Foote, Vagrancy-Type Law and Its Administration, 104 U. Buy An English Essay. Pa. L. Rev. 603, 631. 11.
Another aspect of the ordinance's vagueness appears when we focus, not on the lack of notice given a potential offender, but on how to model the effect of the unfettered discretion it places in the hands of the Jacksonville police. Caleb Foote, an early student of this subject, has called the vagrancy-type law as offering punishment by english essay, analogy. Id., at 609. Such crimes, though long common in write a paper the toulmin, Russia, 12 are not compatible with our constitutional [405 U.S. 156, 169] system. Gcse Coursework. We allow our police to make arrests only on probable cause, 13 a Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment standard applicable to the States 14 as well as to the Federal Government. Arresting a person on suspicion, like arresting a person for investigation, is foreign to how to a paper using model our system, even when the arrest is for past criminality. Future criminality, however, is the common justification for the presence of vagrancy statutes. See Foote, supra, at 625.
Florida has, indeed, construed her vagrancy statute as necessary regulations, inter alia, to deter vagabondage and prevent crimes. Science. Johnson v. State, 202 So.2d 852; Smith v. State, 239 So.2d 250, 251. A direction by how to using the toulmin, a legislature to the police to arrest all suspicious persons 15 would not pass constitutional muster. A vagrancy prosecution may be merely the references format, cloak for a conviction which could not be obtained on the real but undisclosed grounds for the arrest. People [405 U.S. Write Using The Toulmin. 156, 170] v. Moss, 309 N. Y. 429, 131 N. E. Research Paperscomputer. 2d 717. How To A Paper Using. But as Chief Justice Hewart said in Frederick Dean, 18 Crim. App. 133, 134 (1924):
It would be in the highest degree unfortunate if in any part of the country those who are responsible for setting in gcse english essays, motion the criminal law should entertain, connive at or coquette with the idea that in a case where there is not enough evidence to charge the prisoner with an attempt to commit a crime, the prosecution may, nevertheless, on such insufficient evidence, succeed in obtaining and upholding a conviction under the Vagrancy Act, 1824. Those generally implicated by the imprecise terms of the ordinance - poor people, nonconformists, dissenters, idlers - may be required to how to using comport themselves according to the lifestyle deemed appropriate by the Jacksonville police and the courts. Where, as here, there are no standards governing the exercise of the discretion granted by position essay music, the ordinance, the how to write using the toulmin, scheme permits and encourages an arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement of the law. It furnishes a convenient tool for harsh and discriminatory enforcement by local prosecuting officials, against particular groups deemed to merit their displeasure. Thornhill v. Essay Music. Alabama, 310 U.S. 88, 97 -98. It results in a regime in which the how to using the toulmin model, poor and the unpopular are permitted to stand on a public sidewalk . . . only at the whim of any police officer. Shuttlesworth v. Birmingham, 382 U.S.
87, 90 . Under this ordinance, [I]f some carefree type of gcse essays fellow is how to write a paper model, satisfied to work just so much, and no more, as will pay for one square meal, some wine, and a flophouse daily, but a court thinks this kind of living subhuman, the fellow can be forced to essay raise his sights or go to jail as a vagrant. Write A Paper Using. Amsterdam, Federal Constitutional Restrictions on the Punishment of Crimes of research Status, [405 U.S. 156, 171] Crimes of General Obnoxiousness, Crimes of Displeasing Police Officers, and the Like, 3 Crim. L. Bull. 205, 226 (1967). A presumption that people who might walk or loaf or loiter or stroll or frequent houses where liquor is sold, or who are supported by their wives or who look suspicious to the police are to a paper the toulmin become future criminals is too precarious for a rule of law. The implicit presumption in these generalized vagrancy standards - that crime is being nipped in the bud - is too extravagant to deserve extended treatment. Of course, vagrancy statutes are useful to english the police. Of course, they are nets making easy the roundup of so-called undesirables. But the rule of law implies equality and how to write using the toulmin justice in its application.
Vagrancy laws of the dissertation, Jacksonville type teach that the scales of justice are so tipped that even-handed administration of the law is not possible. The rule of write a paper using law, evenly applied to minorities as well as majorities, to the poor as well as the rich, is the great mucilage that holds society together. The Jacksonville ordinance cannot be squared with our constitutional standards and is plainly unconstitutional. MR. JUSTICE POWELL and gcse english MR. JUSTICE REHNQUIST took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
Rogues and vagabonds, or dissolute persons who go about begging, common gamblers, persons who use juggling or unlawful games or plays, common drunkards, common night walkers, thieves, pilferers or pickpockets, traders in stolen property, lewd, wanton and a paper lascivious persons, keepers of gambling places, common railers and brawlers, [405 U.S. 156, 157] persons wandering or strolling around from place to place without any lawful purpose or object, habitual loafers, disorderly persons, persons neglecting all lawful business and buy an essay habitually spending their time by frequenting houses of ill fame, gaming houses, or places where alcoholic beverages are sold or served, persons able to work but habitually living upon the earnings of their wives or minor children shall be deemed vagrants and, upon using the toulmin, conviction in the Municipal Court shall be punished as provided for Class D offenses. Class D offenses at the time of us these arrests and convictions were punishable by 90 days' imprisonment, $500 fine, or both. Jacksonville Ordinance Code 1-8 (1965). Write A Paper Using. The maximum punishment has since been reduced to 75 days or $450. 304.101 (1971). We are advised that that downward revision was made to avoid federal right-to-counsel decisions.
The Fifth Circuit case extending right to counsel in misdemeanors where a fine of $500 or 90 days' imprisonment could be imposed is Harvey v. Paperscomputer. Mississippi, 340 F.2d 263 (1965). We are advised that at present the a paper model, Jacksonville vagrancy ordinance is 330.107 and identical with the essay, earlier one except that juggling has been eliminated. [ Footnote 2 ] Florida also has a vagrancy statute, Fla. Stat. 856.02 (1965), which reads quite closely on the Jacksonville ordinance. Jacksonville Ordinance Code 27-43 makes the commission of any Florida misdemeanor a Class D offense against the City of Jacksonville. In 1971 Florida made minor amendments to its statute. How To Write Using The Toulmin. See Laws 1971, c. 71-132. Section 856.02 was declared unconstitutionally overbroad in english essay, Lazarus v. Faircloth, 301 F. Supp. How To A Paper Using Model. 266. The court said: All loitering, loafing, or idling on research paperscomputer science the streets and highways of a city, even though habitual, is not necessarily detrimental to the public welfare nor is it under all circumstances an interference with travel upon them.
It may be and often is entirely innocuous. The statute draws no distinction between conduct that is calculated to harm and that which is essentially innocent. Id., at 272, quoting Hawaii v. Anduha, 48 F.2d 171, 172. See also Smith v. Florida, post, p. 172. The Florida disorderly conduct ordinance, covering loitering about any hotel, block, barroom, dramshop, gambling house or [405 U.S. 156, 158] disorderly house, or wandering about the write using the toulmin, streets either by night or by day without any known lawful means of support, or without being able to give a satisfactory account of themselves has also been held void for excessive broadness and vagueness by the Florida Supreme Court, Headley v. Selkowitz, 171 So.2d 368, 370.
[ Footnote 4 ] See 3 J. Stephen, History of the gcse coursework, Criminal Law of England 203-206, 266-275; 4 W. Blackstone, Commentaries *169. Ledwith v. Roberts, 1937. 1 K. B. 232, 271, gives the following summary: The early Vagrancy Acts came into how to using the toulmin model, being under peculiar conditions utterly different to buy an those of the how to a paper using model, present time. From the time of the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century till the dissertation for computer science, middle of the 17th century, and indeed, although in diminishing degree, right down to the reform of the Poor Law in the first half of the 19th century, the roads of England were crowded with masterless men and their families, who had lost their former employment through a variety of causes, had no means of livelihood and a paper using the toulmin had taken to a vagrant life. The main causes were the gcse english essays, gradual decay of the feudal system under which the labouring classes had been anchored to the soil, the how to write a paper, economic slackening of the legal compulsion to work for research science, fixed wages, the break up of the monasteries in model, the reign of Henry VIII, and the consequent disappearance of the religious orders which had previously administered a kind of `public assistance' in research, the form of lodging, food and alms; and, lastly, the economic changes brought about by the Enclosure Acts.
Some of these people were honest labourers who had fallen upon write a paper model, evil days, others were the `wild rogues,' so common in Elizabethan times and literature, who had been born to a life of idleness and had no [405 U.S. English. 156, 162] intention of following any other. It was they and their confederates who formed themselves into the notorious `brotherhood of beggars' which flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries. They were a definite and serious menace to the community and it was chiefly against how to them and their kind that the harsher provisions of the vagrancy laws of the period were directed. And see Sherry, Vagrants, Rogues and Vagabonds - Old Concepts in Need of Revision, 48 Calif. L. Rev. 557, 560-561 (1960); Note, The Vagrancy Concept Reconsidered: Problems and Abuses of Status Criminality, 37 N. Y. U. L. Rev. Essay. 102 (1962). [ Footnote 5 ] In Edwards v. California, 314 U.S. 160, 177 , in referring to City of New York v. Miln, 11 Pet.
102, 142, decided in 1837, we said: Whatever may have been the notion then prevailing, we do not think that it will now be seriously contended that because a person is without employment and without funds he constitutes a `moral pestilence.' Poverty and immorality are not synonymous. [ Footnote 6 ] And see Reich, Police Questioning of Law Abiding Citizens, 75 Yale L. J. 1161, 1172 (1966): If I choose to take an evening walk to see if Andromeda has come up on schedule, I think I am entitled to look for model, the distant light of Almach and Mirach without finding myself staring into the blinding beam of a police flashlight. [ Footnote 7 ] I have met with but one or two persons in research paperscomputer science, the course of my life who understood the art of Walking, that is, of taking walks, - who had a genius, so to speak, for sauntering: which word is beautifully [405 U.S. 156, 165] derived `from idle people who roved about the write, country, in the Middle Ages, and asked charity, under pretence of going a la Sainte Terre,' to the Holy Land, till the children exclaimed, `There goes a Sainte Terrer,' a Saunterer, a Holy-Lander. Buy An. They who never go to the Holy Land in their walks, as they pretend, are indeed mere idlers and vagabonds; but they who do go there are saunterers in how to write, the good sense, such as I mean. Some, however, would derive the word from sans terre, without land or a home, which, therefore, in the good sense, will mean, having no particular home, but equally at home everywhere. For this is the us, secret of successful sauntering. He who sits still in a house all the time may be the write the toulmin model, greatest vagrant of all; but the saunterer, in the good sense, is no more vagrant than the meandering river, which is all the while sedulously seeking the shortest course to the sea. But I prefer the first, which, indeed, is the research paperscomputer science, most probable derivation.
For every walk is a sort of crusade, preached by some Peter the Hermit in how to write a paper using the toulmin, us, to go forth and reconquer this Holy Land from the hands of the Infidels. Excursions 251-252 (1893). [ Footnote 8 ] For a discussion of the essay format, void-for-vagueness doctrine in how to using model, the area of fundamental rights see Note, The Void-For-Vagueness Doctrine in essay music, the Supreme Court, 109 U. Pa. L. Rev. 67, 104 et seq.; Amsterdam, Federal Constitutional Restrictions on the Punishment of using Crimes of position essay music Status, Crimes of General Obnoxiousness, Crimes of Displeasing Police Officers, and the Like, 3 Crim. L. Bull. 205, 224 et seq. (1967). [ Footnote 9 ] See Edelman v. California, 344 U.S. 357, 362 (Black, J., dissenting); Hicks v. A Paper The Toulmin Model. District of Columbia, 383 U.S.
252 (DOUGLAS, J., dissenting); District of Columbia v. Essay Format. Hunt, 82 U.S. App. Write The Toulmin. D.C. 159, 163 F.2d 833 (Judge Stephens writing for a majority of the Court of Appeals); Judge Rudkin for the court in Hawaii v. Anduha, 48 F.2d 171. The opposing views are numerous: Ex parte Branch, 234 Mo. 466, 137 S. W. 886; H. R. Rep. No.
1248, 77th Cong., 1st Sess., 2; Perkins, The Vagrancy Concept, 9 Hastings L. J. 237 (1958); People v. Craig, 152 Cal. 42, 91 P. 997. [ Footnote 10 ] President Roosevelt, in gcse english, vetoing a vagrancy law for the District of how to a paper using the toulmin model Columbia, said: The bill contains many provisions that constitute an improvement [405 U.S. 156, 167] over english essay, existing law. How To A Paper. Unfortunately, however, there are two provisions in the bill that appear objectionable. Section 1 of the bill contains a number of clauses defining a `vagrant.' Clause 6 of this section would include within that category `any able-bodied person who lives in idleness upon dissertation for computer, the wages, earnings, or property of any person having no legal obligation to how to using model support him.' This definition is so broadly and loosely drawn that in many cases it would make a vagrant of an adult daughter or son of a well-to-do family who, though amply provided for and not guilty of gcse coursework essays any improper or unlawful conduct, has no occupation and is dependent upon a paper model, parental support. Under clause 9 of said section `any person leading an idle life . . . and not giving a good account of himself' would incur guilt and liability to punishment unless he could prove, as required by section 2, that he has lawful means of support realized from a lawful occupation or source. What constitutes `leading an essays idle life' and `not giving a good account of oneself' is not indicated by the statute but is left to the determination in the first place of a police officer and eventually of a judge of the how to a paper, police court, subject to further review in proper cases. While this phraseology may be suitable for general purposes as a definition of a vagrant, it does not conform with accepted standards of legislative practice as a definition of a criminal offense. I am not willing to agree that a person without lawful means of support, temporarily or otherwise, should be subject to the risk of arrest and coursework punishment under provisions as indefinite and uncertain in their meaning and application as those employed in this clause.
It would hardly be a satisfactory answer to say that the sound judgment and decisions of the police and prosecuting officers must be trusted to invoke the law only in proper cases. The law itself should be so drawn as not to make it applicable to write a paper the toulmin cases which obviously should not be comprised within its terms. H. R. Doc. No. Essay Climate Affecting Us. 392, 77th Cong, 1st Sess. [ Footnote 11 ] Thus, prowling by auto, which formed the basis for the vagrancy arrests and convictions of four of the petitioners herein, is not even listed in the ordinance as a crime. But see Hanks v. State, 195 So.2d 49, 51, in which the Florida District Court of Appeal construed wandering or strolling from place to place as including travel by automobile. [ Footnote 12 ] J. Hazard, The Soviet Legal System 133 (1962): The 1922 code was a step in the direction of precision in definition of crime, but it was not a complete departure from the concept of punishment in accordance with the how to using the toulmin model, dictates of the social consciousness of the judge.
Laying hold of an old tsarist code provision that had been in effect from 1864 to 1903 known by the term `analogy,' the Soviet draftsmen inserted an article permitting a judge to consider the social danger of an individual even when he had committed no act defined as a crime in the specialized part of the code. He was to buy an english essay be guided by analogizing the dangerous act to some act defined as crime, but at how to a paper using the toulmin model, the outset the analogies were not always apparent, as when a husband was executed for the sadistic murder of a wife, followed by dissection of her torso and shipment in a trunk to a remote railway station, the court arguing that the crime was analogous to banditry. At the time of this decision the code permitted the death penalty for banditry but not for murder without political motives or very serious social consequences. On the traditionally important subject of essay criminal law, Algeria is rejecting the flexibility introduced in how to write using the toulmin model, the Soviet criminal code by the `analogy' principle, as have the East-Central European and black African states. Format. Hazard, The Residue of Marxist Influence in Algeria, 9 Colum. J. of Transnat'l L. 194, 224 (1970). [ Footnote 15 ] On arrests for investigation, see Secret Detention by the Chicago Police, A Report by a paper model, the American Civil Liberties Union (1959). The table below contains nationwide data on references essay arrests for vagrancy and for suspicion in the three-year period 1968-1970.
Combined Vagrancy Suspicion Offenses _________ __________ _________. Total Rate Total Rate Total Rate rptd. per rptd. per rptd. per how to write the toulmin model, Year * arrests 100,000 arrests 100,000 arrests 100,000 ____ _________________ _________________ _________________. 1968 . Music. 99,147 68.2 89,986 61.9 189,133 130.1 1969 . 106,269 73.9 88,265 61.4 194,534 135.3 1970 . 101,093 66.7 70,173 46.3 171,266 113.0. 3-year averages . A Paper The Toulmin Model. 102,170 69.6 82,808 56.5 184,978 126.1. * Reporting agencies represent population of: 1968 - 145,306,000; 1969 - 143,815,000; 1970 - 151,604,000.
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5 Tips for a Top Essay on the New SAT. How To Write! The new SAT will ask students to write a longer and very different essay (if they choose to write one at all). Earn a high score by using these 5 tips from test prep tutor and Noodle Expert Karen Berlin Ishii. For students taking the essay, current SAT (which will continue to be administered through January 2016), the essay is a mandatory 25-minute challenge that begins the how to write a paper using the toulmin, test. Test takers must respond to a broad (and often rather lame) philosophical question (Is it true that the best things in life are free? or Is optimism less valuable than hard work?), usually paired with a less-than-helpful prompt explaining the writing task. Those who are well-prepared will have a few key recyclable examples in mind – Martin Luther King, Jr., The Great Gatsby, World War II, and Macbeth are perennial favorites – and be ready to quickly cobble together a few paragraphs that include a succinct introduction, one body paragraph for each of the coursework essays, detailed examples mentioned in the intro, and a snappy conclusion. Then they'll sprinkle some literary fairy dust on top to make their essays fly: a smattering of big words, varied punctuation, a rhetorical question perhaps to rouse a drowsy reader, and how to a paper using, some quotes or statistics for extra flavor. If they write something nice and position, long, students who follow these rules are pretty much guaranteed a score of at least 10 out of 12; that's enough to earn a perfect Writing score as long as they can also manage great scores on the multiple-choice Writing sections. Come March 2016, the how to, game changes.
A lot. At 50 minutes, the time allotted to the new SAT essay doubles the for computer, length of the old 25-minute one. Students will be expected to write more, and they’ll be given three pages of paper to use in contrast to the current two. Instead of being administered right at the beginning of the session, the new essay will come at the end of the 3-hour test. And for write a paper using the toulmin, the first time, writing the essay is optional, though students who are applying to selective colleges will probably need to complete it.
The structure of the essay has changed dramatically, too, from persuasive to analytical. Reflecting this change, students will have to do a lot more reading before they begin to write. The scoring system is also new. Instead of a 1–6 scale representing a holistic judgment, the new essay will be evaluated along three specific dimensions — Reading, Analysis, and Writing — with scores of 1–4 for each of essay, these sub-scores. Two scorers will grade each essay, and so these six numbers (three dimensions from two readers) will be combined for a final total. These scores will not be included in the old-but-new-again 1600-point final SAT score comprising Evidence-Based Reading and how to write a paper using model, Writing and Math. How colleges will use the for computer, essay score in their admissions decisions is still an how to write a paper the toulmin model open question.
The reading passages may come from academic articles, literature, essays, or speeches. The question accompanying the passage, however, will always be the same: Write an research essay in which you explain how the author builds her argument and analyze how she uses evidence, reasoning, and style to support her point. The student's task, in other words, is not to how to a paper the toulmin, develop a case for one's own opinion on the subject at hand, but, rather to evaluate the essay, author's writing and argument. The level of difficulty of these passages is much higher than anything the College Board has previously used on the SAT. Responding to this passage and prompt is a task best fulfilled by how to model a skilled analytical reader and a confident and fluid writer. After you've read the College Board's sample articles and questions, read the scored essay responses carefully. Think like the SAT scorers: Begin to analyze for yourself why each essay got the three scores it did (Reading, Analysis, and Writing).
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essay on dmen unalterably predetermined from eternity. In Of Mice and Men fate is the toulmin model basically the references, key feature of the novella. The title of the story, Of Mice and Men comes from an how to a paper using model, old Robert Burns poem called ‘To a Mouse’. There is a quote in the poem that Steinbeck uses for the title of the novella and it works very well to describe what happens in science the story: “Buy, Mousie, thou art no thy lane, In proving foresight may be vain; The best-laid schemes o’ mice an’ men Gang aft agley, [often go astray] guys in the world. How To Write Using? They got no family. They don’t belong no place” (Of Mice and Men).
Here I think that George understand and values the companionship that Lennie provides him. “With us it ain’t like that” (Of Mice and format Men). How To Using The Toulmin Model? George is letting Lennie know that they are not like other guys. They belong together and they are a family. “We got a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about science, us” (Of Mice and how to a paper using Men). Essays? Here George lets Lennie know that he could count of him and that he. Essay on Loneliness in of Mice and Men. to have someone to talk to. Curly’s wife is the only woman on the ranch and her sexuality isolates her from the the toulmin, rest.
She is considered a threat and english essay trouble to the rest of the men as she is referred to as “jailbait” and this causes the workers to avoid her. This is the root of her isolation so she attempts to a paper using the toulmin model manipulate men out of her being bored and lonely, to get attention. Although with Lennie on the other hand, Curley's wife sees him as someone who she can finally share her feelings with, like. character who seems to be at dissertation for computer science peace with himself. The other character often look to how to write model slim for advice. SUMMARY OF MICE AND MEN ? SECTION 1 The story opens with the buy an essay, description of using model a riverbed in ruled California, a beautiful, wooded area at the base of ‘’golden foothill slopes”. Climate Affecting? A path runs to the river, used by boys going swimming and riffraff coming down from the highway. Two men walk along the path. The first, George, is small, wiry, and sharp featured, while his companion, lennie, is large. of it close to write using the toulmin model the back of Lennie’s head.
The hand shook violently, but his face set and his hand steadied. He pulled the trigger” (Steinbeck 106). Gcse Coursework? Steinbeck wanted it this way to show the dream that they shared was now shattered (Stage). Of Mice and how to write a paper model Men is often considered to be a great realist and naturalist book. It blends together the gcse english coursework essays, views of social criticism with an ill fate that will inevitably cause a downfall. Write Using The Toulmin Model? Many views of this book are of their. You gotta get him out.”’ (44) Candy’s dog is seen as an old, good-for-nothing dog.
The men do not realize that the significance of the dog’s existence is that Candy has a sense of companionship with the dog. The true meaning of relationships is companionship. George could have been well off without Lennie, but still continues to care and support him. Essay Music? They have one another to talk to, be with, and look after. ‘With us it ain’t like that. We got a future.
We got somebody to talk to that gives. wherever he goes he will not be accepted as a normal member of society. How To Write A Paper The Toulmin? Plus the fact that he has a crooked back and is of a relatively old age will also hold him back. Even though he was raised and dissertation brought up and is from the same area as the other ranch men, due to segregation, he will never truly feel free. George Lennie George and Lennie are able to do whatever they want and work anywhere without having to worry about bills and taxes etc… The farm which George continually describes to Lennie. and disappointments in a paper the toulmin model life. Human beings, the book suggests, are at their best when they have someone else to look to for guidance and protection. George reminds Lennie that they are extremely lucky to have each other since most men do not enjoy this comfort, especially men like George and Lennie, who exist on the margins of society. Their bond is made to seem especially rare and precious since the dissertation for computer, majority of the world does not understand or appreciate it.
S’pose they was a carnival or a circus come. has made him cynical. Whenever the American Dream (i.e. the hope of using the toulmin model all ranchers that one day they will have independence, land for themselves and be answerable to no-one) is mentioned he dismisses it. He says scornfully (p. For Computer? 78) I seen hundreds of men come by on the road an' on the ranches with their bindles on their backs an' that same damn thing in their heads. Hundreds of them.
They come, an' they quit an' go on. An' never a god-damn one of 'em gets it. This stark realism gives us an impression. a lonely life. This dialogue is significant because it shows how George and how to using the toulmin Lennie are lonely and that even though they travel and meet new people they still possess some kind of loneliness. Even though George was surrounded by many of the men, he sat quietly by himself at on the table all alone. English? “George cut the write a paper, cards and began turning them over, looking at each one and throwing it down in a pile” (27). Science? George is occupying his time by sitting alone at the table and organizing cards. How To Write A Paper Using The Toulmin Model? George’s.
him. His distance from others is accentuated by the fact that he is in english pain much of the time because of his spinal injury. Crooks' deformed back has also deprived him of working with the how to write using model, other men, thereby denying him his last opportunity for personal contact with them. Crooks interacts with the other men when they play ‘horseshoes’, in which Crooks is the best player, but that is his only chance of even making acquaintances. I believe that Crooks would like to make human contact, but would rather. farm after his whole incident with his hand. Buy An English? It just gives him a hard time on the farm. Crooks’ is a black man who is how to a paper using the toulmin kind of disrespected. He got his name for the crook in his back. He was disrespected because he was isolated from all the other men since he was a different color than them.
He is a very hard worker and even if he is physically disabled he never stops trying and never gives up. If anyone would take the time to get to know Crooks’ they would understand that he is a great guy and. Dream is the prototype American dream. References Essay? He wants to a paper model own a farm, something he can call his own, where he can relax. Buy An Essay? However, he’s being realistic, and doesn’t let himself to be carried away, dreaming about it. When George and Lennie got to know the men that George and the toulmin Lennie worked with, they unfolded their dreams one by one. Gcse English Coursework? The only person we see in the whole of the book with fulfilled wishes is the boss. He owns the ranch and a paper the toulmin he has people working for him, he’s in gcse coursework control. Write Using The Toulmin? His son, on english coursework, the other. other men. Once again Candy is talking about how to model, his feelings about Curley's wife, stating in a discreet way that she is a tramp.
She asks what happened to Curley's hand because she noticed that it was broken. Candy tells her that Curley had an accident with a machine, but she doesn't believe him. As she was leaving, she asks Lennie why he has the bruises on his face, and he said that Curley got his hand hurt in a machine. Again, she is told to get out of the room by Crooks because all the men know that. let her speak to any of the men on the ranch, which leads her into being lonely. Even though Curley's wife is mentioned frequently, we never know what her name is.
This just shows how people do not care for others, leading to loneliness. I think all the men do not consider her as a normal human being, but and object. None of the men are to scared to talk to her in english essay case Curley becomes jealous and wants to start a fight. Using? She has no female friends on the ranch, so the men are her only option, but they. Curley’s wife, and he tells George. They know that Curley will kill Lennie if he finds him first.
George tells the men that Lennie went south because they came from the north. George goes into the woods with the others. He finds Lennie first and makes him feel comforted and hopeful. Lennie asks him to tell the story of their future farm and George begins to talk. The noises of the men in the woods come closer and George tells Lennie to take off his hat and science look across the river while he describes.
hide, as George had told him. Candy finds the body and tells George. They tell the other men – Curley wants revenge. Chapter 6 – Lennie hides in the brush by the pool. He dreams of his Aunt Clara and the rabbits he will tend when he and how to a paper using George get their land. Research Paperscomputer? George finds Lennie and talks reassuringly to how to write a paper using the toulmin him about the little place they will have together – then shoots him with Carlson’s gun. When the other men find George, they assume he shot Lennie in self-defence. Changes Us? Only Slim understands what George.
The Bridge Between Mice and Men Essay. was completed and how to a paper the toulmin that in a matter of seconds all was lost. Paperscomputer? Burn’s sympathizes with the mouse in the last two stanzas “you are not alone.” He makes the famous quote “the best-laid schemes o’ mice an’ men gang aft agley,” the a paper model, best laid schemes of mice and men alike go often astray. By putting mice and men in the same group he can “proceed to speak of essay music us which now means all mortal creatures” (Sibbald), he is again comparing the components of the mouse’s situation to his own life. How To Write Using The Toulmin? He says that. stage setting. After the essay format, main action in the scene, the focus pulls away from the action, preparing the reader for the next scene. In the first chapter, for example, when the how to write, characters settle down to dissertation for computer sleep for the night, the focus pulls away from the men to the dimming coal of their campfire, to how to using the hills, and finally to the sycamore leaves that whispered in the little night breeze.Steinbeck is references essay format a master of write a paper using model description, and research paperscomputer science one of his many passions was the write a paper model, California landscape. The setting in this. Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Essay. Crooks’ loneliness because he is telling Lennie how bad it is to be alone.
The other quote is “Come on in and set a while.” (pg. 69) This shows Crooks’ loneliness because he wanted to spend time with someone. George is one last character in Of Mice and Men that is used in a symbolic way. He shows fidelity with the quotes, “It ain’t so funny, him an’ me goin’ aroun’ together,” George said at last. “Him and me was both born in dissertation Auburn. I knowed his Aunt Clara. She took him when he was a baby and raised.
Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Essay. dream of being reunited with his loved ones. The setting Of Mice and Men took place during the a paper model, Great Depression in the US, where high unemployment, poverty, low profits, deflation and lost opportunities for english essays, economic growth and personal advancement struck the population. Many were forced to live a hand to mouth existence, and lost hope in becoming more than what they are. A Paper Model? Of Mice and Men emphasizes the loneliness and powerlessness of men during the Great Depression through two characters, Candy and. Of Mice and research Men by John Steinbeck Essay. from this period was East of Eden. Eventually John and Elaine settled down in New York City, where he died of heart disease on the 20th of December 1968. Write A Paper Model? (Shillinglaw) John Steinbeck won many literature awards for his work during his lifetime.
Of Mice and Men texts and Broadway play were both received well by the critics and audience, making John Steinbeck a household name in the 1930’s. The Broadway adaptation even won the “best play” award from. Essay on Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck. pretends to dissertation for computer be looking for him, but in reality, she is write the toulmin model trying to references essay get away from him. How To Write Using The Toulmin Model? Curley’s Wife then runs off in climate affecting us the ranch to find someone to talk to, which she is usually unsuccessful with. How To Write Using? Curley’s Wife is a big part of the Feminist Lens in Of Mice and Men. A quote that helps support this is, “Ain’t I got a right to buy an english talk to nobody? Whatta they think I am, anyway?
You’re a nice guy. I don’t know why I can’t talk to you. I ain’t doing no harm to you.”(Steinbeck, 87). How To A Paper Model? Curley’s Wife is known as the. Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Essay. Curley's wife to death by accident, the dissertation for computer, only choice for how to a paper, Lennie is to either die or be tortured and locked up.
But the sadest thing about science, it all, is that Lennie doesn't even understand anything that is how to write a paper using the toulmin model going on around him. Essay Us? While the other men at the ranch are hunting him down to kill him, all he is thinking about is tending the rabbits with. Essay about Geroge: of using Mice and Men. the other men except for Lennie, who’s in the barn petting and eventually killing Curley’s wife. George finds out from Candy what Lennie has done. George is conflicted about what to buy an english do with Lennie (who has run off to their hiding spot by the river). He doesn’t want to have Lennie locked up like an animal, but he doesn’t want Curley to shoot Lennie in the guts, either.
George and Candy realize that the dream of the farm is over. George secretly steals Carlson’s gun and tells the men that Lennie. Essay on Of Mice and how to using model Men, by John Steinbeck. little piece of essay climate affecting lan.” (Pg 73). Using The Toulmin Model? His pessimism about the world is dissertation for computer science summed up and this shows that he has no hope for the future. Curley's wife is the only female on how to write a paper using, the ranch and position is controlled by her husband, who does not let her speak to any of the men, which leads her into how to write a paper the toulmin, being lonely. You never witness the distinct couple together; they are always searching for each other, this proves he ignores her and goes out always leaving her behind. Even though Curley's wife is mentioned frequently, we never. mice and men - role of women Essay. got ran out of the town, leaving their jobs. This portrayal, by essay climate us association, implies the how to using, author’s idea, or the idea he wants to present, of buy an english essay women in how to a paper using the toulmin model general, and how they have no place in his idealized world structured around the brotherly bonds of men.
In this time period, contrary to the book’s ideals of women, they were actually revered for gcse english coursework essays, their roles as homemakers, because they had to keep their families well and together in the midst of the Great Depression in the USA. Write A Paper The Toulmin Model? The majority of english women. Comparing The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck. it an' listen to how to write a paper the rain comin' down on the roof. Coursework Essays? (mice, pg.14) Little by little George gave up everything that mattered to him to ensure the safety and how to a paper using the toulmin happiness of format Lennie. How To Write The Toulmin Model? George exposed himself and acted as a shield to protect him. You do bad things and I got to get you out. You crazy son-of-a- bitch.
You keep me in research paperscomputer hot water all the time. (mice, pg.11) When George kills Lennie in the conclusion of Of Mice and Men, he also loses a part of himself. He ended Lennie's life. A Comparison of The Harvest Gypsies and Of Mice and write using Men Essay. dollar a day. (30) From both families described in the above quotes, one can see the top wage was $400 a year and science low wage was $150 a year. Although the families made money, it didn't compare to write a paper the toulmin model the wages of George and Lennie in Of Mice and Men. These two men could earn.
John Steinbeck#x27;s Of Mice and Men and Tortilla Flat Essay. than they care about a steady job or material possessions” (2). Through the loyalty and paperscomputer science kindness shared between its neighbors, this town truly displays a great sense of unity. Also, in his novel, Of Mice and how to write using the toulmin Men, John Steinbeck introduces his readers to two characters, Lennie and George. These two men are complete opposites, George is a quick-witted, smaller man, and Lennie is a mentally-handicapped, strongly built man (Steinbeck).
Yet, despite these differences and format the implications caused by them. Isolation in John Steinbeck#x27;s Of Mice and Men Essay. days alone in the barn working on the horses. Crooks quickly finds out how degenerative solitude can be to one's mind and body. How To A Paper Using The Toulmin Model? Loneliness and isolation are inevitable facts of life that not even the dissertation science, strongest can avoid. Throughout the story Of Mice and Men we discover the many sources of the how to a paper model, characters solitude stemming from singular prejudices.
Crooks, Candy, and Curley's wife all suffer from these vices, all of science which lead them to how to write a paper using model their isolation. The consequences found in this book show the world. Explore Steinbeck’s Portrayal of Curley’s Wife in essay of Mice and Men. she was flirting with them and trying to get them to look back at her and she was drawing attention to herself. ‘I seen her give Slim the eye. An’ I seen her give Carlson the eye.’ Steinbeck has given the readers the impression that she wants all the men working on the ranch to like her and to say positive comments about her but when they are talking about her, they don’t talk about her in a positive way. The way that Curley talks to her and a paper the toulmin model about her makes the reader feel sympathetic for her as. Comparing the Characters of George and Lennie in Steinbeck#x27;s Of Mice and english essay Men. impressions grow with Curley’s wife, with the body that men desire, and the mind of a wayward girl, approach Lennie telling him how beautiful and nice her hair was. Lennie caught in her trap begins stroking her hair.
This was frightening and hurtful to how to write using the toulmin Curley’s wife and position essay music she began to holler. In the excitement of the time Lennie killed Curley’s wife. Lennie with a man’s strength and the brain of a mouse killed Curley’s wife a woman with the figure that men adored and write a paper the toulmin model the character of a wayward girl who was. Animal and Human Nature in essay format Steinbeck#x27;s Of Mice and Men. These two are bestial in their inability to empathize with anyone else, striving for nothing more than self-gratification and how to using model motivated by a sort of meanness and divisiveness. Beyond the mere connection between human nature and animal nature in Of Mice and.
Character study from Of Mice And Men Essay. Lennie is a maniac about petting nice and soft thing such as velvet, soft small animals (i.e. rabbits and mice). These things usually some how put him in trouble such as the big disaster that happens. Lennie is mentally like a child; he didn't have any sexual emotion. How the society can accuse him that he could do soothing like that? It shows the for computer science, illiterateness of people however there are people who can read and publish magazines. Lennie always is a problem and George. Loneliness in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Essay. Men used to move from ranch to ranch trying to how to write using the toulmin look for work to earn a living and position because of how to write a paper the toulmin model this, it was hard for them to make friends. Some who realise that they are lonely seek comfort in many ways such as having a ream or reading books like Crooks does.
Others who are lonely, like Curley do not seek comfort because they are not aware of it. During that time, many of the Americans sought comfort by having the American dream; which was to own a piece of land however. Of Mice and Men-Curleys Wife Analysis Essay. This means rumours and gossip had been spreading around the ranch. George and Lennie were informed that Curley’s wife had only been married for time length of 2 weeks and she was already giving “the eye” to other men on the ranch.
If so, then the relationship between Curley and his wife seemed plain and simple, a loveless affair. Essay Climate Affecting? Which meant Curley’s wife was lacking attention. This may have lead to her flirtatious behaviour in write model the story. *The reader is then presented with a different side to this. Consider the theme of loneliness in #x27;Of Mice and Men#x27;. How does it. Lennie drags his feet when he walks and acts like an animal. In the descriptions of these two men their appearance is completely different. George dresses neat and tidy, while Lennie dresses very scruffy. Just by coursework the description of George and Lennie, you can clearly see that Lennie is the child out of the two men, as you can tell how he talks and acts around George and throughout the whole book.
Being a man Lennie lacks a lot of language, which I think that he never attended a lot of school. How Is Curley#x27;s Wife Presented in of Mice and Men, Victim or Villain? Her second appearance is in Crooks’ barn. She straight away gives her usual excuse for being around the men ‘any of you boys seen Curley?’ It is obvious that she again is not really looking for Curley, just wants the company. Also the word boys shows that she doesn’t really considers Crooks Candy and Lennie men, as they both have what she considered bad quality’s therefore they are not real men.
She again is ‘heavily made up,’ which shows that she is bored and has too much time on using the toulmin model, her hands. She. Of Mice and Men: Curley#x27;s Wife: Innocent Girl or Floozy? Essay. seems to be the powerful Miss Dynamite.
However, there are so many implications that she is a lonely victim. After she is killed there is a poignant moment in the book. The long sentences emphasise the movement of peace, time standing still before the men find her body. All the negative aspects of the character disappear and references format we feel sympathy for her. She tries to convey glamour and sophistication when really she is just a sweet country girl. How To Write A Paper The Toulmin Model? Steinbeck describes her as ‘very pretty’, ‘simple’ and ‘sweet’ from other details in the story. An example from The Odyssey would be, “How would you characterize the relationship between Odysseus and research science his men?” Of Mice and Men Chapter-by-Chapter Reading Notes and a paper model Questions Please answer all questions on a separate page. Of Mice and Men Reading Notes: Chapter Two (pgs. 27–37) Introduction While reading Of Mice and Men we will pause to make some observations. These observations are intended to improve your ability to see and interpret key ideas and events.
‘of Mice and Men’ Serves as a Reminder That Dreaming Is Futile. How Far Do You Agree with This Representation of the Text and Its Key Themes? (such as Lennie's strength and his need to touch soft things). For George, the greatest threat to the dream is english essay Lennie himself; ironically, it is Lennie who also makes the dream worthwhile. Lonesomeness is a recurring theme in the in the novel of mice and men, John Steinbeck looks at the theme of loneliness as it affects many characters on the ranch. Crooks, Curley's wife, and Candy are the. Maybe but I don’t think it is the main reason he put up with Lennie and a paper the toulmin all the trouble that came with him. Another reason George may have kept Lennie around was that Lennie was such a great worker that it made George’s life much easier always working alongside of him. A third reason why George may have continued to travel with Lennie was that George liked the affecting us, fact that he was in charge of Lennie, similar to how a father was in charge of what his son does. A Paper Using? George had so little in his life that.
This means that we are likely to support George’s decision later on in the novel when he decides to kill Lennie. George has to paperscomputer balance the pain of being the one to shoot his closest friend with the how to write model, regret of ‘[letting] em hurt Lennie’. George can look to Slim’s example and dissertation come around to supporting double effect and accepting that Lennie’s death was inevitable. Write Model? In a way, Slim’s judgements foreshadow the end of the novel, as we always anticipate that Lennie will get into trouble and the only way to. Out of buy an essay desperation, Candy turns to George and Lennie. He becomes intrigued by their dreams of owning a ranch and tries to get himself included. ‘Spose I went in with you guys, I could cook and tend the chickens…’.
Candy is so desperate for a friend he tells George and Lennie that if he can share their dream, he will leave everything to them in his will, in how to a paper case he dies before hand because he has no other family to share it with. ‘I’d make a will and leave my share to you guys in case I kick off, Furthermore, the lack of position essay music hope has him feeling he is a “busted black nigger” so what he says “doesn’t mean nothing.” Crooks must keep quiet or he is in trouble for speaking because his racial status isn’t as high as the others. There “ain’t a colored man” on the ranch and his disability further sets him apart from the others. The worst part of the way he is treated is he did not grow up as a slave, rather he grew up as a son of write a paper using the toulmin a man who owned his own land and at that time he had status. During his. The constant repetition of the way things will be is what keeps the dream alive in Lennie.
However, George needs Lennie just as much as Lennie needs him, which is apparent at the end of the dissertation science, novel. When George kills Lennie, he also kills the write using the toulmin model, friendship, which results in the death of the dream within himself. Friendship is an underlying factor in essay format the dreams of others, as well. Candy and Crooks befriend George and Lennie when they learn of the possibility of owning land. They share the same dream as. Steinbeck reflects this thought later on in the novel when George thinks about how his life could be so much easier if he didn’t have the burden of taking care of Lennie. “If I was alone, I could live so easy. I could go get a job and work no trouble.” The author makes it evident that Lennie makes life harder for George as he always has to accommodate and find jobs for two. The strength of the relationship between George and Lennie is pointed out in many key points of the novel. Steinbeck.
The Effectiveness of the Opening Scenes of Gary Sinise#x27;s Film Of Mice and Men in Comparison to Steinbeck#x27;s Novel. Men have also worn the tree down to smoothness by sitting on it. How To A Paper Using Model? As soon as George and Lennie enter, the landscape 'dies'. This adds to the sense that humans destroy the land: 'For a moment, the place was lifeless and then two men emerged from the path and came into the opening of the green pool.' At first, George and Lennie are described as strangers. Their names are not given and they are shown to be itinerant workers through their clothing: 'Both wore black.
Of Mice of Men, Essay Construction. * Does the lack of a true resolution for these characters depict the fact that these problems will never be solved but only made clear? * Does stereotyping others make us more comfortable? Through racial prejudice in music we see a divide in society between those with power and those who are powerless. Write Model? PARA 2: Topic sentence: Power imbalance is evident in all aspects and levels in society. In many ways, without a power structure, society would not function.
But when does a power structure lose its.