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Linkedin vs resume

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argumentativ essays Definition : In this kind of essay, we not only give information but also present an argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. Vs Resume? We should clearly take our stand and write as if we are trying to persuade an graad, opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of them do not want to change. Choosing an argumentative topic is not an easy task. The topic should be such that. X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is linkedin vs resume, too general. In some medical cases, marijuana is prescribed by the doctors and the patients are encouraged to use it in case of suffering from too much pain) #8730; Selling and using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal . Kid Friendly Essays? X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. Vs Resume? ( our stand is not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?) #8730; If we are under the age of kid friendly essays 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car. X Are you one of those who thinks cheating is not good for students? ( a question cannot be an argument) #8730; Cheating helps students learn.

X Considering its geological position, Turkey has an linkedin vs resume, important geopolitical role in the EU. ( facts cannot be arguments) #8730; Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey . Algae? it should be a topic that can be adequately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I feel that writing an vs resume, argumentative essay is writing best, definitely a challenging task. ( feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people) If you believe that you can find enough evidence to support your idea and vs resume, refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. You can enjoy writing about such topics: Cheating is beneficial for students. Murat 124 is a very good choice for conscientious drivers. Stress is good for the human body. Polygamy is quite natural. For women, there is no need for writing online best, men. Organization : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs . Before starting writing, it is imperative to make a list of these ideas and choose the most suitable ones among them for supporting and refuting. Linkedin Vs Resume? There are three possible organization patterns: CON idea 1 ----- Refutation. Do My Essays? CON idea 2 ----- Refutation. CON idea 3 ----- Refutation.

The sample essay has been written according to the third pattern. Thesis: Do Reiki instead of linkedin vs resume taking medicine . Graad? People should trust medicine since it is effective and vs resume, scientifically proven. And Trust? Reiki is linkedin, also scientifically proven and does not have side effects . (refutation method: insufficient claim) Serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without medicine. Medicine also cannot treat serious illnesses if not diagnosed at an early stage . (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) Reiki, like alternative healing methods, requires a lot of time . Reiki requires less time if done regularly . (refutation method: opponents are completely wrong) Supporting our ideas : This is the most important part when persuading others. We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions. We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: Thesis: Leaving the university and starting to work is good for the adolescent because … Feelings, emotional arguments (… it makes one feel much better .) Irrelevant examples (wandering off the topic) (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants .) Oversimplification (… only then would he understand what it means to be an graad 1 listhesis, adult. Linkedin Vs Resume? ) Hasty generalizations (. it is a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to www.doubtme.com, 80% of working men wish they quit school when they were at university and started working at and trust essay an earlier age. Linkedin? ) For more mistakes in and trust, the logic of arguments, see Fallacies.

Refuting opposing arguments : Before we start saying that the opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. We should see clearly what we are hitting and be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. We can do this by linkedin knowing what we are refuting. e.g . X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong . ( what they say is not wrong. Kfc Malaysia? Maybe their supporting idea is wrong /irrelevant /insufficient. We should state their supporting idea specifically to be able to refute it.) #8730; Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and psychologically mature enough to cope with the problems of the real world. Linkedin Vs Resume? However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age . Language : Signposts gain importance in the argumentative essay. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily. When pointing out opposing arguments ( CONs ): Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that … Those who disagree / are against these ideas may say / assert that … Some people may disagree with this idea.

When stating specifically why they think like that : The put forward this idea because … They claim that … since … Reaching the turning point : On the other hand , When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies : compromise but prove that their argument is not powerful enough: They have a point in thinking like that. To a certain extent they are right. After seeing this evidence, there is no way we can agree with what they say . say that their argument is irrelevant to the topic: What we are discussing here is not what they are trying to prove. Their argument is irrelevant.

HEALTH AND HEALING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Writing Online? Throw out the bottles and vs resume, boxes of drugs in your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at kid friendly least come as good news to linkedin people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine. However, it is a blow to the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to our confidence in do my essays, the progress of vs resume science. This new theory argues that healing is at graad 1 listhesis our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on vs resume a regular basis. Supporters of order medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi.

These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. Linkedin Vs Resume? There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors. Online? We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some “every day complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an linkedin, Aspirin, or Vermidon , when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the from algae, side effects of these. When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. Linkedin Vs Resume? We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better. How about a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is kid friendly essays, very economical. As for its history, it was discovered in Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and vs resume, Western Europe . In quantum physics, energy is mfa creative best, recognized as the linkedin vs resume, fundamental substance of which the universe is composed.

Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of thesis restoring the energy flow. There are no side effects and linkedin, it is scientifically explained. Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of graad 1 listhesis their lives in the hospital taking medicine. Linkedin? How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy, losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take.

Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is diagnosed at do my essays an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo. Vs Resume? Instead of mfa creative best drugs which are expensive and vs resume, have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life, find an from algae, emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries. Most of the chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress. Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to linkedin vs resume viral infections as well. Since balancing our emotions and order resume kfc malaysia, controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and linkedin vs resume, avoid illnesses before it is too late. Some people may still maintain that in our material world, everything depends on time. It is even “lacking time” that causes much of the do my essays, stress that leads to vs resume the illnesses we mentioned. Mfa Creative Online? How would it be possible to find time to do Reiki to ourselves and the people around us when we cannot even find time to linkedin go to the theater?

This is friendship, one good thing about linkedin vs resume, Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time. There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment. Online Kfc Malaysia? It is a wonderfully simple healing art, an effective method of relaxation and stress-relief. Vs Resume? Most important of all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and mfa creative writing online best, taking some more for linkedin, the side effects as well. Having said these, resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical. Biodiesel From Algae Thesis? Reiki is natural and drug-free.

What is linkedin, more, it is easy to learn by anyone, regardless of age and order resume online kfc malaysia, experience. It can be used anywhere, anytime. It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being and the benefits last a lifetime. It is vs resume, definitely high time to get away from the drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!

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Let’s End the Big 4 or Bust Myth Once and For All. It’s recruiting season on campuses all across America; that special time of linkedin vs resume year when accounting students get a taste of what it’s like to be a five-star middle linebacker — minus the “hostesses,” envelopes stuffed with cash, and any semblance of athletic ability. For you soon-to-be graduates deciding on your first employer, however, recruiting season isn’t all fancy meals and free pens. It’s stressful, dammit; and generally speaking, the writing online greatest source of linkedin vs resume consternation is whether the accounting industry boils down to “Big 4 or Bust.” While I’d love to tell you this distinction is overblown, it’s simply not true. Because despite what I’ve been told by a long line of sympathetic yet clearly disappointed women, size really does matter. So with that in graad 1 listhesis mind, should you be eliminating all but four options from linkedin vs resume, your job search? Well, if you go to friendship and trust essay the Big 4, you’re likely to vs resume make a little more money and work a few more hours, so there’s that. The rest of the decision will come down to what kind of person you are.

Perception Dictates Reality. My first job was with Arthur Andersen, my second with PwC. I’ve now been with WithumSmith+Brown for ten years, which is nearly double the time I spent at my first two stops combined. Friendship And Trust? Yet whenever I’m asked to provide my professional bio, I always manage to shoehorn my experience with the Big 5 4 into the first two sentences. Linkedin Vs Resume? Why? Because it matters. Right or wrong, the general consensus is while not all of the people at the Big 4 are the brightest in the industry, all of the brightest people in the industry are at the Big 4. Signing on do my essays with a KPMG or DT will bring you a level of gravitas that, try as they might, the firms outside the Big 4 simply can’t match.

And as I’ve experienced, even after you’re long gone, the years you spent with the Big 4 will afford you instant credibility, even if, like me, you spent the linkedin majority of those days hoarding Cliff Bars from the breakroom and plotting the murder of mfa creative online your senior manager. Is the perception of the Big 4 as the best of the best fair? Of course not. A lot of vs resume that perception was created by the big firms beating everyone over the head with just how great they are. Graad 1 Listhesis? A freestyle rap battle has less obnoxious arrogance and linkedin, self-congratulation than the kid friendly standard Big 4 recruiting pitch. Deserved or not, ultimately, perception dictates reality. Linkedin? There’s a reason the majority of biodiesel from algae CFO and tax director positions require Big 4 experience; the perception is linkedin that only order resume kfc malaysia, those who’ve tested their mettle with the big boys are prepared to handle those roles. That’s not to say that opting for a smaller firm will eventually disqualify you from all but the hottest and noisiest jobs. Vs Resume? But the kid friendly essays reality is, without the Big 4 on your resume, you may find that some doors are much harder to open. Maybe you don’t want to be a CFO or a tax director. Maybe your primary concern is finding a job where you can learn as much as possible during your formative years while you figure out if public accounting is for linkedin, you.

And maybe you prefer to learn via hands-on direction and a lot of mfa creative personal one-on-one time with your supervisors. If that’s the linkedin case, going to a smaller firm is likely a better fit for you. As I wrote above, there is an abundance of smart people in the Big 4. The problem, however, is that at the giant firms, the people who are best positioned to teach you what you need to be successful - the do my essays managers — are the least likely to linkedin have the time to do it. When you’re a manager in the Big 4, it means that you are the point person for do my essays, a long list of clients, responsible for the detailed review work that partners are too expensive and staff too stupid to do, and you’re supposed to bear the vs resume burden of mfa creative online best developing the next generation. It’s the most exhausting activity one can engage in, outside of soccer. Something’s got to give, and because managers are under constant scrutiny as to whether they belong on the partner track, it’s sure as hell not going to linkedin vs resume be client service or placating the decision makers. Biodiesel? It’s going to be the development of the manager’s underlings: i.e., you. At a smaller firm, while managers have the same responsibilities as their Big 4 counterparts, competition to make partner isn’t quite as fierce as it is in linkedin vs resume the large firms. In addition, because smaller firms tend to lack the formalized training programs for staff (more on friendship essay that next), greater emphasis is placed on the managers to develop their staff and linkedin vs resume, seniors. As a result, managers at a regional or local firm should have considerably more time to hold your hand.

Or prefer to be left alone? If, however, you hate dealing with people (like me!) and prefer to mfa creative writing online learn without one-on-one interaction (like me!) then the bigger you go, the better off you’ll be. Because say what you want about the vs resume Big 4, but they have wonderful, formalized training programs. Kid Friendly? At AA, we would get shuttled off to St. Charles for a week to learn oodles of tax law.

At PwC, we had similar, intensive training weeks that were designed specifically for linkedin vs resume, our experience level. And just recently, a former co-worker of mine went to work at friendship and trust, EY, and when he asked for vs resume, some reading material about the do my essays niche he would be working within, EY sent him two three-hundred page manuals on the matter, both authored by EY experts. That ain’t happening at linkedin vs resume, a 40-person firm. So if your preferred method of friendship learning has more to do with reading quietly and less to do with a senior’s coffee breath, head to the Big 4. Protect yourself from yourself. If there’s one recurring theme throughout your twenties, it’s shitty decision making. Trust me when I say that neither your Instagram photos nor your carefully placed tattoo would indicate that you should be trusted with any decision of import.

And this makes going straight to the Big 4 a dicey proposition. Because if you head off to PwC or DT, they’re going to ask you to linkedin commit to either audit or tax, despite the rather seemingly important fact that you don’t know anything about either. Yeah, you can eventually switch if you change your mind, but let’s be honest, if you don’t pull the chute on your first choice within the first six months, you’re not going to order online want to deal with starting all over again much beyond that. Generally speaking, however, a smaller firm will allow you to dabble in both audit and tax for several years before eventually choosing a focus. Based on linkedin vs resume my conversations with the young staff at WS+B, this is the primary reason they landed at a regional firm; to get a feel for where they may find an area of interest within public accounting, rather than being asked to friendship jump in linkedin vs resume with both feet to untested waters. So if you have lingering doubts about your area of interest, going smaller is your best bet.

If you’re certain that you’ll be involved with tax return prep in some capacity, however, consider whether you would prefer to see the light of day in kid friendly essays winter or summer. Linkedin Vs Resume? At smaller firms, getting a return done before the original due date is mfa creative a badge of honor, so for reasons I can’t comprehend, these firms will typically work you into vs resume, submission from January through April rather than just file a piece of paper that, you knowbuys you an kid friendly essays extra six months. To the contrary, the April 15th tax season in the Big 4 is an vs resume afterthought; nearly everything gets extended, which means that while your winter shouldn’t be too stressful, you might find yourself spending Labor Day weekend in the office while your small-firm counterparts are lounging oceanside. I’m a firm believer that everyone should get to feel like a Big Fucking Deal at friendship, some point in their life. To throw on a nice suit and eat at a fancy restaurant and wash it all down with a private box at the Knicks game, without spending a dime of vs resume your own money. And nobody does luxury like the Big 4. When I was with AA in Denver, people would routinely grab you during the middle of the day to go check out a couple of do my essays innings of the Rockies game from the firm’s club seats. Linkedin? Every Friday, some partner would open a tab during happy hour to 1 listhesis bid farewell to linkedin the latest defect. Post-project celebration dinners required tips that with four digits.

I’ll confess: while all this was going on, I felt like the graad Pope of Chillitown. And you know what? That’s OK. Because for linkedin, the overwhelming majority of us, our college years were spent barely scraping together enough cash to keep the fridge stocked with Busch Light. To suddenly be thrust into a life of open bars and online kfc malaysia, free filets is understandably intoxicating. But it won’t last. Linkedin? As unlikely as it may seem at 22, you’ll eventually meet someone, move in together and maybe make some babies. Writing? Before you know it, human nature sets in, and vs resume, the lure of graad free drinks and box seats won’t seem nearly as enticing as Netflix and vs resume, a good night’s sleep. And when that day comes, a good part of what attracted to kid friendly you to the Big 4 will be lost forever, along with your youth, innocence, and stable blood pressure. But until that day comes, there’s no harm in relishing in the Patrick Bateman lifestyle, minus the axe murders. Linkedin? Go the Big 4 and live it up.

Obviously, there are other things you’ve got to take into consideration: big city versus small town, the opportunity for niche services like MA or consulting at graad, the Big 4, and the potential for more work-life balance at a small firm (though I don’t necessarily see that to be the case). Linkedin? But keep an eye on the items discussed here, and essay, you just might wind up happy with your first job. For a year or two. Vs Resume? Then you’ll be ready to read this. Big 4 Choices choosing a firm Recruiting season Small firms Author Tony Nitti Posted on October 22, 2014 November 30, -0001 Categories Students Tags Big 4, Choices, choosing a firm, Recruiting season, Small firms. I’ve yet to be impressed with the 1 listhesis work product I get from a small/local/national firm. Take that however you want. Tax return(s) filed by the deadline?

Audited F/S to linkedin the bank? Their purpose has been served. Have you ever crossed paths with GT? If your company is in one of GT’s CHOSEN MARKETS, their professionals will dazzle you with their INSTINCT FOR GROWTH and create a DYNAMIC work-product. I work for a large financial institution in internal audit and while I did think of going big 4, I am very glad I did not. Essays? I chose this route because of my interest in linkedin the field of banking, work life balance (I still work over 50 hours most weeks but no crazy busy season), and the compensation package.

I get to work on interesting projects (interesting as accounting work is) and I’m gainiging experience that will help me down the 1 listhesis road make internal/external career moves. Not knocking Big4 but there are other options out there to vs resume have a challenging and ultimately financially rewarding career in writing online accounting. How cute. As a senior auditor in the banking/capital markets group of a B4 firm, I rarely if ever hit anywhere close to the 50 hour mark outside of season – sounds like you either 1) got robbed, or 2) bought into the BS that we work ridiculous hours here. Despite the self-reported awful hours in audit, it usually simply isn’t the case so long as you have a competent manager with whom you can create an adequate audit plan ahead of time, and who doesn’t expect useless face time. Those are some big if’s. I have only come across two of those managers in 3 years of public and linkedin vs resume, one of them was overruled by a dumb ass senior manager that felt face time was next to godliness.

I think you situation is the exception not the rule. I’ll give you that, my friend. Sometimes it’s also luck of the do my essays draw on clients, since they want the facetime too, to linkedin feel like our fees are justified. I don’t know where you’re at but we worked a shit ton of do my essays hours even outside busy season at linkedin vs resume, KPMG in the Southwest. Especially if you get a client with a 6/30 or 9/30 year end.

Also left KPMG for another Top 20 firm and I wasn’t going home before 7pm during “non-busy season” many many times. Now that I’m in industry I really only work late 3 days a month, and life is grand. TL:DR “While I’d love to tell you this distinction is overblown, it’s simply not true. Because despite what I’ve been told by a long line of sympathetic yet clearly disappointed women, size really does matter.” If that’s the case then they should call ME Big12Veteran . Ouch… someone get me some cold water for that burn. What good is all that well-rounded experience and knowledge if you can’t use it to get a top position in the big leagues of private industry?

A “great opportunity” that is “fast moving” Sounds like something Chipman would like to answer with DYNAMIC and GROWTH. “Big leagues of do my essays private industry”? Aren’t you the guy who always talks about B4 being your only job with no intentions of leaving? Talking about great exit opportunities when you don’t plan on taking them just adds another level to your douche-baggery. As far as I can tell, the best thing about vs resume your life is graad 1 listhesis posting on here like some kind of self appointed B4 guru. You got me. I’m so embarrassed.

Well the vs resume fact that you replied in 3 minutes kinda proves my point about biodiesel from thesis your exciting life. In the literally thousands of comments I’ve left on this esteemed site, I don’t think I’ve said one time that I have an exciting life. But rock on, bro. You must have a really exciting life if it gets your rocks off to anonymously pick internet fights with another anonymous person on linkedin vs resume an accounting-related message board… Companies are probably lining up for your “profession judgment” with no audit manual!! Using your sample size example, there is a reason audit firms have audit manuals, and that’s for consistency across their engagements. How awful do you think it would be to kid friendly be to explain to an inspection team where you tested 15 samples for this daily control but another team at your firm tested 50 for linkedin, a similar daily control?

There are plenty of areas to exercise your judgment on a B4 team, and those are usually the areas that require judgment, such as estimates. Happily took an officer for a F200 company Rotational Program making 15% more than what Big 4 pays starting out around here. There’s more than one path to graad the top. That’s what, $7,500-$8,200 per year as starting pay? I’ve known plenty of people who did such 2 year programs: they rotate you and try and pigeon-hole you into one singular role…I’ve got plenty of friends who did that song and dance then decided it wasn’t for them and linkedin, weren’t able to get anything more than a senior accountant role anywhere else. Mfa Creative Writing Online? Meanwhile there’s people I know who are leaving Big-4 with 4 years experience getting job offers in the $90k to linkedin vs resume $110k range. I’ll take that 45% – 50% pay increase after four years over that starting 15% and whatever marginal increase you get in that time period any day. Lots of and trust essay people want to argue the linkedin vs resume merits / advantages of Big 4 experience. I’ll say this: it may not always help, but it sure as hell will never hurt either.

Those really good private industry positions just about require measurable Big-4 experience, and online best, even if they don’t the linkedin people who have the final say certainly weigh Big-4 experience higher than just about any other. The intern rotation program trumps the Big4. Do My Essays? Interns are preselected and trained from the bottom up. If your rotation strands you in a senior accountant role, then you said no more than 2 times to a transfer. Or you were given a thumbs down as an intern. Interns that make it through the rotation program are always selected first from linkedin, a list of new roles that open up on a specific career ladder. The Big4 is never on friendship essay that list.

These interns represent the future face of the organization. They are trained to know the organization in a specific manner and vs resume, the probability is that they will spend a majority of their career at the organization. “but it sure as hell will never hurt either.” I think this statement is false. Writing? It hurts every season. having been a partner in a national firm and 3 regional firms; there is NO question of linkedin this: the big 4 and the mid-tier firms put firm first, client second. They need to kid friendly do this because of liability and the public market they serve.

Forget being entrepreneurial. it is ALL ABOUT risk management and process, process, process. Regional firms will put the client in the center. Very entrepreneurial, whilst still adhering to linkedin standards. Salary and/or draw at the partner level? Likely higher in the big firms, but at what personal cost? If you like work/life balance and can live on $600k annually, and up to $750k, then the online best well run, regional firm of size (200 or more professionals) is the vs resume only way to writing online best go, long term. It is linkedin all about what you want and who you are. You form your “professional career DNA” in your twenties going into your thirties. Your choice. Friendship? No surprise, my experience as a partner in a national firmed sucked. Care to talk actual partner income levels between the linkedin vs resume regional and national firm?

Being this would first hand knowledge, although as rare as a unicorn on kid friendly essays this board, it might add more to your thoughts above. And I also came to linkedin the conclusion that you were actually a partner , based solely on the comment “If you like work/life balance and friendship and trust, can live on $600k annually……”. I can only speak as someone looking in linkedin from private industry: My company’s controller and another director are Big 4 alums with their CPA licenses. They got in the door for my company pretty easily because of their Big 4 credentials and having the license. The CPA from a Big 4 does not guarantee the job offer, but it does open the doors for you to biodiesel algae make the sales pitch. The caveat is vs resume we do not have anyone from the Big 4 without the CPA license. Are they from the same firm? And how long did they stay?

I notice that they don’t stay long in the same position if they are not sitting in a top dog role. But when they do get a top dog role, then it is almost impossible to kid friendly essays get them to transfer. (F500) They came from different firms. They are into their 3rd and 1st year, respectively. “say what you want about the linkedin vs resume Big 4, but they have wonderful, formalized training programs.” That’s a myth. The training is done by do my essays, seniors and managers reading slides to a roomful of staff.

It’s the blind leading the blind. Real training is one-on-one, on-the-job training delivered by someone who knows how to develop talent (and use mouthwash). Disagree. Vs Resume? You’re confusing training with professional skills development. The purpose of training is to mfa creative writing online learn methodology, to linkedin learn technical GAAP, and to learn other essentials that no one has time to teach you in the field. If a manager has enough time to sit down and teach you the specifics of essays proper revenue rec or pension accounting, then you’re losing efficiency that most can’t afford to lose.

Hey, I know we still have 6 hours of work to linkedin do this evening, but let’s take an hour and lean some technical accounting. That doesn’t happen – training is the place where you learn this. Nonsense. A manager who won’t make time to teach technical accounting to staff on the job is saving one hour and losing 16 hours down the line when he has to clean up the stuff they would have gotten right if he’d bothered to 1 listhesis teach them. Everyone knows the purpose of training programs is to travel to a different city for a week or two every year, party ballz, shirk client responsibilities, and try to vs resume phone it in from 9-5 during training that week while running up a giant tab that would make MITT ROMNEY blush at biodiesel algae thesis, the weekly happy hour and/or nightly dinners, all the while dreaming up bullshit to pitch to linkedin your s/o about kid friendly essays why you can’t answer their phone calls each night (hint: it includes getting f-ed up each night and regretting your choices in vs resume the morning). Good times… I for one am glad to writing find out linkedin vs resume, I did my new-hire training the right way. If you don’t go B4 you should just end your life. Or work at Starbucks.

Putting a lot of biodiesel algae thesis weight on a stupid accounting job aren’t we? Cool. I knew when I didn’t receive a B4 offer that my instincts of suicide were correct. Linkedin? See you on the other side. For as long as there is thesis a B4, there will be the B4 circlejerk. It’s the B4’s whole recruiting strategy. The winds are shifting though, and people are wising up. No one told Tony Nitti that the non-B4 are sending their new hires to the exact same Q-Center in St. Linkedin Vs Resume? Charles as AA did and EY still does; and no one told him the non-B4 start earlier in the day, end later, and have more instructors per student; they also have more days of instruction, and even party harder at the Clubhouse.

The non-B4 firms also always win closest to the pin. Anyone who knows public accounting knows that the B4 is full of hot air when it comes to out-training smaller firms. BDO, GT, Crowe, etc., all provide better, more personalized training, and like Nitti says, it’s one-on-one and more effective. I get it. B4’ers bought in, and order resume kfc malaysia, need to perpetuate the circlejerk in order to linkedin justify their poor decisions. I just think it’s bad that they lead astray impressionable college students. The fact is, the non-B4 firms that are growing much faster offer a much better value proposition to friendship college students: you are much more likely to make partner at Crowe or BDO than EY or PWC. Vs Resume? They just have better opportunities because they are adding more partners and biodiesel algae, more offices much more quickly. Clients are wising up too. The B4’ers can continue to jerk themselves off as to how great they are, and vs resume, meanwhile the smaller firms will continue to kid friendly essays siphon off clients because when it comes down to it, they’re offering a better value proposition than the B4: an equally good product, with better service, for a lower price. With the exception of myself, the non-B4 also have fewer insufferable and pretentious staff, which is vs resume nice.

B4 is kinda like the really hot girl in school. You really want her to like you and go on a date with you. You dream of how great it will be. But, when it happens, she turns out to be a bitch and a lousy lay. Do My Essays? But you will get many other dates because they saw that the hottie they idolize dated you. lmao I love this analogy.

What would the author suggest for those not receiving B4 offers ? Should one take what they can get with the hopes of linkedin eventually working for B4? Or is it better to cut your losses and move on order resume kfc malaysia to another field while you still can? Dude…Big 4 are shedding people like crazy as the economy picks up. It’s pretty easy to go from Mid tier to vs resume Big 4 after like 2 years. When I see resumes for open accounting positions without Big 4 experience, I ask if them if they are interested in mfa creative writing online best a position that better fits their skill set, such as working in linkedin vs resume AP or at the front desk answering the phones. More accounting majors need to just skip audit/tax and go into advisory, management consulting, finance, F500 rotational programs.

Much better fields.

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to linkedin start. Biodiesel From? What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the vs resume, resume advice you need into one place. Do My Essays? Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Linkedin? Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of biodiesel from, your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to vs resume highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to do my essays the job at vs resume hand (even if that means you don’t include all of online, your experience).

Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about vs resume what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out thesis, depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and linkedin vs resume, pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . From Thesis? 3. Put the linkedin, Best Stuff “Above the do my essays, Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to linkedin what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to and trust keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and vs resume, need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case?

Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is graad 1 listhesis a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the linkedin, information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for do my essays it. But if you can tell the linkedin, same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in 1 listhesis less space. Can’t figure out vs resume, how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to online kfc malaysia include some visual examples of linkedin, your work? Instead of mfa creative writing online, trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on linkedin, that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into kid friendly, what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute.

But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Linkedin Vs Resume? Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by algae, using a font size between 10 and vs resume, 12 and leaving a healthy amount of 1 listhesis, white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for linkedin your name, your resume headers, and the companies for graad which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out linkedin, from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to biodiesel thesis the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively.

If you’re applying to linkedin a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to kid friendly make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to linkedin make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to essay make sure to include a phone number and linkedin vs resume, professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the order, hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of vs resume, time on each individual resume.

So help them get as much information as possible, in graad as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13.

Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. Vs Resume? As a rule, you should only show the and trust, most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries!

Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on linkedin, your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for friendship the job. Vs Resume? No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. Kid Friendly Essays? No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in linkedin vs resume tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and order online kfc malaysia, numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them.

Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to linkedin show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about graad 1 listhesis how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to linkedin your boss or your company. 1 Listhesis? By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the vs resume, employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Writing Best? Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the vs resume, result you’re going for! 20.

Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of online best, better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and vs resume, make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points.

Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and do my essays, spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Vs Resume? Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the graad, job than where you went to college.

25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by vs resume, listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in order resume online kfc malaysia reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the linkedin vs resume, reviewer’s attention. Resume Online Kfc Malaysia? Don’t list your graduation dates.

The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the linkedin, degree than when you earned it. Order Resume Online? If you graduated from linkedin college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. 1 Listhesis? While you don’t need to vs resume list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Kid Friendly Essays? Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and linkedin vs resume, your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and algae thesis, any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word.

Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of linkedin, those sections and listing it on its own. And Trust? Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on linkedin vs resume, your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company?

Don’t even think about it. 32. Mfa Creative Online Best? Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the vs resume, company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker?

Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at order resume online a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of vs resume, months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to do my essays The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Linkedin? Use years only (2010-2012), or just the mfa creative writing online, number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. Vs Resume? If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for essays leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue.

Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and linkedin vs resume, accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from kid friendly essays Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of vs resume, laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and do my essays, intense a job as any out linkedin, there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously.

39. Friendship And Trust? Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at vs resume it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to do my essays perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the linkedin, hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of friendship and trust, HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and linkedin vs resume, Word, and mfa creative best, then attach it to vs resume an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to do my essays save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to linkedin vs resume take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates.

Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to kid friendly keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of linkedin vs resume, Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is graad a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of linkedin vs resume, writing on do my essays, the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the vs resume, company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for writing help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com.

Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for linkedin this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out do my essays, all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Greek Sentence Structure: Loose and linkedin vs resume, Periodic Style. I offer this essay in draft (or “beta”) form with the hope that it will provoke discussion. Essay. Corrections and criticisms are welcome. Just e-mail me by clicking here. Graphic images of the Greek texts discussed are provided. When transliterating Greek in the body of the essay, I use a simple, easy-to-read system whose only linkedin vs resume real disadvantage is that epsilon and eta, and omicron and do my essays, omega are not distinguished. With the Greek text at vs resume hand, this should cause no problem. Technical Terms: What Are They For? veni, vidi, vici . These words, which Suetonius tells us were carried on a banner in a triumphal procession of Julius Caesar ( Divus Iulius 37), can serve as a starting-point for an analysis of rhetorical figures and sentence-construction. “I came, I saw, I conquered.” Nothing could be simpler or more direct; nothing could be easier to translate.

I was surprised, then, on walking into a classroom once, all prepared to analyze a complex piece of Isokratean rhetoric, to find this saying on the blackboard with a full rhetorical analysis appended. It turns out biodiesel algae thesis that we have before us examples of: alliteration ( v eni, v idi, v ici ), homoioteleuton ( ven i , vid i , vic i ), asyndeton ( veni et vidi et vici ?), trikolon (how about linkedin vs resume, veni, vici ?), isokolon (try adding a syllable: veni, vidi, victi sunt ), composition in order kfc malaysia short kommata instead of longer kola (compare: ad hostes adveni et, postquam illorum copias vidi, cunctos facile vici ), spondaic rhythm, paromoiosis (similar structure of kola or kommata), parechesis (similarity of sounds, especially between vidi and vici ), and perhaps paronomasia (a play on words involving, again, vidi and vici ), to say nothing of the overall brevity achieved by the ellipsis of words easily supplied from the (very crowded) context. To this list of eleven rhetorical devices others could doubtless be added. This analysis is a joke, of course. It pokes fun at pedantry. But it is also perfectly valid and makes a serious point. Vs Resume. The words on Caesar’s placard are rhetorically brilliant and instantly clear, but we can fully understand their brilliance only by taking them apart, seeing how they are composed, and–most important–comparing other, inferior ways of graad saying the linkedin, same thing. The goal is not an arid list of tropes with arrows pointing to the text but a better feeling for how the words before us work, for what makes them forceful and effective.

How big an armory of rhetorical terms does a student of biodiesel algae Greek prose need? Smyth’s Greek Grammar has a convenient list of forty, with examples; a similar list of forty five, with examples from Greek, Latin and linkedin, English literature, is available at the Web site of the Classics Department of the University of Kentucky; a compendious, clear, sensible, and often amusing handbook is Richard A. Lanham‘s A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms . Very few people can define as many as forty terms off the top of their head, nor need one do so, much less acquire the 200 or so which students had to memorize in Shakespeare’s time. Friendship. Rhetorical descriptions, after all, are only vs resume guides to help us understand and experience a text; students often learn more by making their own observations without resorting to graad 1 listhesis technical vocabulary. Then, if there is a handy label for what they have observed, they can learn it and use it. No student who describes accurately and insightfully how an author’s words work should worry about, or be penalized for, not knowing a technical term. In fact, a fixation on rhetorical flourishes will hinder, not help, our understanding of style. Consider again Caesar’s placard. One advantage of starting with veni, vidi, vici is that while cataloging the trees one can always see the forest: the structure of this sentence is clear and one can concentrate on details. When analyzing complex sentences, however, it is easy to forget that the goal of arranging words “rhetorically” is to shape a sentence which develops clearly as it is heard or read, not to distract the audience with pointless ornamentation. Linkedin Vs Resume. To learn about an author’s style is to learn how that author organizes his or her thoughts.

Analysis and labeling and note-taking is do my essays, useless if it merely dissects an author’s words. The goal is to go back and read those words, in order, as they were intended to be read, letting the many “signposts” along the way guide us by shaping our expectations of what is to come. This point cannot be emphasized enough. Students struggling to linkedin vs resume make sense of an order resume online kfc malaysia, author’s words may think of stylistic analysis as something more advanced than mere translation, more arcane and mysterious, with its own recondite vocabulary. Ironically, they get this impression from the linkedin, emphasis which most of us place on do my essays the most obvious marks of linkedin style–rhetorical figures such as chiasmus, alliteration, homoioteleuton–as the key to everything: these strike our ears and eyes as we read, so naturally we begin our analysis by scanning the text, collecting as many tropes as we can, and from, labeling them like specimens found on a nature hike. Linkedin. We pay great attention to classification, which can become quite complex: is that an do my essays, example of synecdoche or of metonymy? Are we dealing with paronomasia or only parechesis? I plead guilty to having encouraged on occasion such “surface scans” of classical texts. The problem with them is that they don’t necessarily lead students to understand how Gorgias or Demosthenes or Isokrates has structured and expressed his thoughts, the “character” or “cast of thought” each presents to us.

To grasp this we must understand how an author has organized each sentence, how he has set up signposts to guide us as his thought unfolds. Linkedin. This means, first, seeing how each new phrase or clause relates to what has gone before and understanding how “rhetorical devices”, in a well-turned sentence, mark the order, progression and structure of the thought. Vs Resume. The real rhetoric is in the unfolding of the ideas in the order in which the essay, author wants us to hear or read them; rhetorical tropes are markers along the way. To learn about an author’s style is to vs resume learn to do my essays read that author’s words, in order, as they were written–not to disarrange the words but to hear what the ancient audience heard. In his admirable essay on the style of Cicero W. Ralph Johnson puts it succinctly: ” . . . Good style, whether exuberant or restrained, is good thinking (and good feeling).

It is for this reason that what we want to pay most attention to in style is the structuring of sentences, how they succeed, and how they fail.” [ Luxuriance and vs resume, Economy: Cicero and the Alien Style , p. 7] He quotes Virginia Woolf’s description of “the rhythm of a book that, by running in the head, winds one into a ball”, and he rescues from obscurity a book by Edith Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , which asserts the importance for style of the length of whole sentences and of their parts. [Chapter IV, “Thought Patterns”, has much that is interesting on the structure and relationship of sentences as a guide to style. As Rickert remarks (p. 111), “The study of the sentence is one of the most fundamental and certain means of eventually getting at the secret of style.” She offers a system for analyzing sentences which is thought-provoking, even if one chooses not to adopt it.] [General note: In this essay I use the essay, word “sentence” as a matter of vs resume convenience. There is no exactly corresponding Greek term or concept. Dianoia , “thought,” is closest, but a dianoia need not correspond to graad what a modern editor marks off with a period, colon, or question-mark. Indeed, editors sometimes disagree on whether to punctuate with a full stop rather than a comma. See now Dover, The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2.] What is vs resume, it, after all, which stays with you when you’ve been reading Isokrates or Demosthenes for hours? Not a collection of do my essays tropes but something more fundamental and harder to express in a phrase.

Why did reading Isokrates for hours on end once make me physically ill? Why, after the vs resume, excitement of the speech On the Crown , does an early speech of Demosthenes seem flat? Because a real stylist “gets in graad 1 listhesis among” you. The “rhythm” of the writer’s thought is what does this. The Architecture of Greek Sentences: Loose and Periodic Style.

This essay, then, with profuse thanks to Ralph Johnson, will focus on the structure or “architecture” of a Greek sentence. A formidable phrase, perhaps, but less so if one bears in mind two fundamental points: 1. Greek sentences can on vs resume occasion be very long, but the units of do my essays which they are composed are almost always short. “The edifice, lofty though it may be, is built of bricks, not of huge blocks of Cyclopean masonry.” [J. D. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 61] 2. Linkedin. Greek is unusually rich in particles and conjunctions which serve as signposts. These helpful qualities of the graad, language, however, carry a danger for students. One can often get sense out of the various separate parts of a complex sentence–enough sense to have a fair idea of what the entire thing means–without really understanding the development of the whole. And the reason for this is often the vs resume, very profusion of mfa creative “marker-words” or “signposts” in Greek: because they are omnipresent, students tend to vs resume ignore them or at least to forget earlier signposts when later ones, in corresponsion with them, appear. One area, then, where one must be a pedant is in do my essays accounting for every single connective word in a sentence. One can then turn pedantry to profit by (re-)reading the author’s words and letting the sentence unfold as the original audience experienced it.

Before we turn to the analysis of sample passages from Greek authors, let us consider the two main types of vs resume sentence structure which ancient critics recognized: the loose style (lexis eiromene) and the periodic style (lexis katestrammene). The first phrase means literally “speech strung together” (from eiro, “to string or thread together”, like beads in a necklace); the and trust, second, “speech turned or guided toward an vs resume, end”; the word “period” (periodos, “way around”) refers metaphorically to a racecourse, where the starting and online best, finish lines were the same: contestants went out and vs resume, around the turning-post, then retraced their path. The loose style is often called the “running style”, a term which can be confusing in view of the race-course metaphor of the mfa creative online, term “periodic”. [Dover points out the difficulty of interpreting the terms lexis katestrammene and periodos ( The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2, Appendix: Period and Kolon). He thinks that the linkedin, word periodos , rather than referring to a race-course, describes “a unit of utterance which begins from major pause and friendship essay, ‘returns’ to a state of rest by leading to a second pause” (p. 39).] These two styles represent two ways of developing and structuring sentences.

In the vs resume, loose style one statement is simply followed by another with no indication that another statement is coming. The sentence ends with the final statement, without giving the do my essays, reader or hearer any idea that it is about to end. It could just as easily have ended one clause (or several) earlier or later. Here is a banal example in English: “Bill went to the store and bought some milk and decided to linkedin get some cheese; he came home and saw that the cat had gotten out; he looked for it and essays, couldn’t find it; his TV suddenly went blank.” No statement looks ahead to what follows; the series could stop at any point or go on indefinitely. Vs Resume. There is no “race-course” with a beginning, a turning point, and an end. The virtue of this style is that it produces an impression of plain speaking.

In a court case, for example, if one is trying to set out the facts and convince the jury of one’s honesty and straightforwardness (no matter how one has actually slanted the “facts”), this is the style to use. Of course, the loose style, when handled well, is every bit as “rhetorical” as the periodic style–but its art is less apparent. In the periodic style, by contrast, markers of various sorts, often introducing phrases or clauses subordinate to the main idea, indicate the path ahead. The reader sees signs of things to come and is prepared for them when they appear. The art of composing and of reading this sort of Greek involves setting up and then fulfilling (often with variations along the way) assumptions about how the sentence will develop.

At the finish, the audience should feel that an graad 1 listhesis, appropriate end has been reached, a clearly defined course completed. Linkedin Vs Resume. All periodic composition involves, in one way or another, suspension of sense: the arrangement of one or more elements of the sentence so that the thought is not felt to be complete until something else has been added. Let us rewrite the sentence above in periodic style: “After his trip to the store, where he bought milk and (on a sudden whim) cheese, Bill’s arrival at home was marred, first by his cat, who had gotten away and couldn’t be found, then by his TV, which suddenly went blank.” Bill’s shopping expedition has become a noun phrase introduced by the preposition “after”. His purchases are subordinated in order resume online a clause introduced by the conjunction “where”. A parenthesis characterizes his acquisition of cheese. The center of the sentence makes the main point: coming home was no fun. The two reasons for this are appended in two parallel expressions consisting of an adverb (“first”, “then”), a prepositional phrase (“by his cat”, “by his TV”), and a relative clause (“who. . .”, “which. . .”).

As silly as these sentences are, they illustrate an vs resume, important point: unlike a simple narration in online kfc malaysia the running style, a periodic sentence will highlight the main point(s) the writer is trying to put across and will require the writer to decide how various events or ideas are related. This need not mean, and in Greek usually does not mean, that the sentence is left grammatically incomplete until the very end. More often, as above, the main clause is in the middle or even at the beginning, with subordinate elements appended. Many other arrangements are of vs resume course possible and none is “objectively” better than another. What is do my essays, important, in reading as well as in composing such sentences, is to understand the thought which drives the structure. Loose Style and Periodic Style: Examples in English. The periodic style is not at home in present-day American English. Short, clear sentences pack more punch for us than syntactical and rhetorical baroque. Too many connectives, too many subordinate clauses, too much suspension of sense makes one seem fussy, pedantic, orotund. But we should recall the vs resume, importance of Latin and Greek periodic style as a model for modern prose from the Renaissance onward. Here are examples in English of both styles.

First, the lexis eiromene which has enjoyed such a vogue in English through the kid friendly, twentieth century, in a paragraph from Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises : The bus climbed steadily up the road. The country was barren and rocks stuck up through the vs resume, clay. There was no grass beside the road. Looking back we could see the country spread out below. Far back the fields were squares of green and kid friendly essays, brown on the hillsides. Making the horizon were the brown mountains. They were strangely shaped.

As we climbed higher the vs resume, horizon kept changing. As the bus ground slowly up the road we could see other mountains coming up in the south. Then the road came over the crest, flattened out, and went into a forest. Graad 1 Listhesis. It was a forest of cork oaks, and the sun came through the trees in patches, and there were cattle grazing back in the trees. We went through the forest and the road came out and turned along a rise of land, and out ahead of us was a rolling green plain, with dark mountains beyond it.

These were not like the brown, heat-baked mountains we had left behind. These were wooded and there were clouds coming down from them. The green plain stretched off. It was cut by fences and the white of the road showed through the linkedin, trunks of a double line of trees that crossed the plain toward the north. As we came to from thesis the edge of the rise we saw the vs resume, red roofs and white houses of Burguete ahead strung out on the plain, and away off on the shoulder of the first dark mountain was the gray metal-sheathed roof of the monastery of Roncesvalles.

(Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises , New York 1926, repr. 1954, chapter 3, p. 108) As an example of periodic style here is Samuel Johnson in the Preface to his edition of Shakespeare: That praises are without reason lavished on the dead, and that the honours due only to excellence are paid to antiquity, is a complaint likely to be always continued by those who, being able to and trust add nothing to truth, hope for eminence from the heresies of paradox, or those who, being forced by vs resume, disappointment upon resume kfc malaysia consolatory expedients, are willing to hope from posterity what the present age refuses, and flatter themselves that the regard which is linkedin vs resume, yet denied by envy will be at last bestowed by time. . . . To works, however, of which the excellence is not absolute and order, definite, but gradual and linkedin vs resume, comparative; to works not raised upon principles demonstrative and scientific, but appealing wholly to graad 1 listhesis observation and experience, no other test can be applied than length of duration and continuance of esteem. What mankind have long possessed they have often examined and compared, and vs resume, if they persist to value the possession it is because frequent comparisons have confirmed opinion in essays its favour. As among the works of linkedin nature no man can properly call a river deep or a mountain high without the knowledge of many mountains and many rivers, so, in the productions of genius, nothing can be styled excellent till it has been compared with other works of the same kind. . . . The reverence due to writings that have long subsisted arises, therefore, not from any credulous confidence in the superior wisdom of order resume online past ages, or gloomy persuasion of the degeneracy of vs resume mankind, but is the consequence of acknowledged and kid friendly essays, indubitable positions, that what has been longest known has been most considered, and what is most considered is best understood. (Samuel Johnson, Selected Writings , ed. R. T. Davies, Evanston 1965, pp. 262-263)

The elegant and varied architecture of these sentences, made clear by a fullness of expression where parallel phrases reinforce one another, will serve to linkedin remind us that English, too, is do my essays, capable not only of “straight talk” but also of grandiloquence. We live in a Lysianic age, but our forbears were Ciceronians and Isokrateans. [For the difference between the two see Cicero‘s comments on linkedin vs resume Isokrates; E. Laughton, “Cicero and the Greek Orators”; G. Williamson, The Senecan Amble (on stylistic models in the Renaissance).] We should note, too, that in setting out to compose in a classical language we are participating, however tenuously, in a tradition which goes back to the humanists of the Renaissance, and indeed to the Hellenistic age. [Lanham (s.v. “period”, p. 113) quotes Michael Baxandall, Giotto and the Orators (Oxford 1971), pp. And Trust. 20-21 and 131: “The pattern of the grand neo-classical sentence was the period: that is, the sentence combining a number of thoughts and statements in a number of balanced clauses. . . . Linkedin. It is quite difficult to enjoy the humanists’ preoccupation with the periodic sentence. . . Mfa Creative Writing. . But one cannot come to historical terms with the humanists’ verbal performance without recognizing how supremely important it was for them, and in how many different ways. The periodic sentence is the basic art form of the early humanists. It was a test of prowess, a focus for criticism, the full flower of the classical way with words and notions, the medium of most statements about relationships, and . Linkedin Vs Resume. . . it became at a critical moment a humanist model of artistic composition in general. . . . Compositio was a technical concept every schoolboy in a humanist school had been taught to apply to language. It did not mean what we mean by graad 1 listhesis, literary composition, but rather the putting together of the linkedin vs resume, single evolved sentence or period, this being done within the framework of a four-level hierarchy of elements: words go to resume make up phrases, phrases to make clauses, clauses to make sentences.”] As we turn to Greek we shall be looking for examples of a loose style, where phrases and clauses come one after the other with no prior preparation, and a periodic style, where we are guided from vs resume a starting post, around a course, and do my essays, back to a finish-line. As one would expect, the loose style developed before the more elaborate periodic style. Vs Resume. But only scraps of the earliest prose remain, and the greatest writer associated with this style, Herodotos, is far more sophisticated than some caricatures of him suggest and writes just as elegantly and effortlessly in order resume online the periodic as in the loose style.

The longest surviving fragment of Herodotos’ predecessor Hekataios (FHG 1, F15) provides a rare sample of a loose, naive style: For a graphic image of the Greek text click here. Orestheus, son of linkedin Deukalion, came to algae Aitolia for linkedin vs resume a kingdom and his dog gave birth to a log, and he ordered it to be buried, and from it grew a vine with many grapes. Thus he also named his own son Phytios. And from this one, Oineus was born, named from the vines (for the graad 1 listhesis, Greeks of old called vines oinai). Linkedin. And from Oineus was born Aitolos. Most striking is the almost complete lack of subordination or hypotaxis. Except for graad the participle kletheis modifying Oineus each idea is “strung” after the linkedin vs resume, previous one with a coordinating conjunction, i.e. paratactically (with coordination or parataxis).

The first three such links are made with kai; the repetition seems matter-of- fact, while in a more sophisticated writer such as Lysias it would have made an emphatic point. The remaining linkages are: dio (= dia ho, “on account of which, therefore”), de, the participle kletheis, gar, and again de. The Greek text above is given with Jacoby’s punctuation: two complete sentences, each with a concluding clause separated by a raised dot, the second containing also a parenthesis. There is nothing, however, in either the grammar or the sense to prevent putting a full stop at the end of each clause, including the one set off by parentheses. (The phrase kletheis apo ton ampelon could not, of kid friendly essays course, stand alone, but it too is “tagged on” at the end of a clause.) Note also the somewhat repetitive pronouns: autou, hos, auto, autou, autou, toutou. Different as this is linkedin, from the Greek of Lysias or Isokrates, it shares with the styles of later authors a concern that every clause be clearly connected to what precedes and follows. Nor is the connection in order resume kfc malaysia any way crude: in vs resume the first sentence the three kai’s lead to a conclusion introduced by dio.

The second sentence uses different connectives (de, the participle, gar, de) and essays, the words oinas, ekaloun and ampelous in linkedin the gar clause echo Oineus, kletheis, and ampelon in the preceding clause. Even in the two simple statements introduced by friendship and trust, de (toutou d’ Oineus egeneto. . .Oineos d’ egeneto Aitolos) the position of egeneto changes, as does the position and linkedin, case of Oineus’ name. This is not to claim any great sophistication for Hekataios’ Greek, but only to and trust essay remind us that naivete is a relative notion. This passage survives because it was cited as an example of the linkedin, loose style and, as with other authors whom we know only by tiny fragments, we cannot be sure that it is do my essays, typical of Hekataios. He may have assumed a more naive style when he was recounting a myth. Plato does this in a more sophisticated way, for example in a passage from the Protagoras , discussed below, which suggests a parody of a traditional style of naive storytelling. Hekataios’ successor Herodotos is vastly more sophisticated. One should remember that he lived in Periclean Athens and was a friend of Sophocles; he wrote in Ionic dialect about the archaic age but was not himself “archaic”. He is a sophisticated storyteller (and historian!) who often employs, but is not limited to, lexis eiromene. Indeed, many a “loose” Herodotean sentence leads us step by linkedin vs resume, step to a dramatic climax–and has, in retrospect, the essential quality of a periodos. Kid Friendly. Such sentences gain much of their effect from the vs resume, very fact that they do not broadcast their intentions.

Here is Herodotos’ description of the do my essays, arrival of Adrastos at Sardis (1.35): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. When Croesus’ child had in hand his marriage, there arrived at vs resume Sardis a man bound up with misfortune and not clean in hands, being a Phrygian by birth and of the online best, royal house. This man, coming to Croesus’ house according to the local customs asked to receive cleansing, and Croesus cleansed him. Cleansing is similar for linkedin the Lydians and the Greeks. When Croesus had performed the writing online best, accustomed rites, he inquired where the man was from and who he was, saying as follows: “Man, who are you and from where in Phrygia have you come to be at my hearth? Whom of men or women did you kill?” And he answered: “King, of Gordias son of Midas I am the child, and I am called Adrastos, and having killed my brother unwilling I am here, driven out by my father and deprived of everything.” And Croesus answered him as follows: “You are born of linkedin vs resume men who are friends, it turns out, and you have come among friends, where you will lack for nothing, remaining in our land, and bearing this misfortune as lightly as possible you will profit most.” [This translation is as literal as possible consistent with giving a sense of the flow of and trust Herodotos’ narrative. A useful exercise in coming to understand an author’s style is to linkedin vs resume note the things which even such a close translation cannot convey.] Herodotos’ sentences are longer and more complex than Hekataios’ and, like all later writers, he uses participles far more extensively. 1 Listhesis. As each sentence unfolds, however, each phrase or clause is immediately clear: it advances the linkedin, story without requiring us to hold several thoughts suspended at once.

Thus the first sentence consists of kid friendly a genitive absolute, followed by the main verb apikneetai, followed by its subject (aner, still unnamed), followed by vs resume, more about the man: his misfortune, his uncleanliness, his birth. At the end the phrases with men and de, both dependent on eon, lead up to writing the climactic word basileiou; the chiastic placement of the similar words geneei and geneos accentuates the final phrase. Each sentence that follows has a somewhat different structure and length. Vs Resume. In the second sentence, for example, a participle leads off, then the main verb, then a second verb appended with de. Especially notable is Adrastos’ reply to writing online Croesus, when he reveals who he is: the connectives are men. Vs Resume. . .de. . .de. He begins with his father’s and grandfather’s names, then his own; then, in a clause far longer than the first two clauses, he reveals his misfortune. The aorist participle phoneusas (what he did) and the perfect participles exelelamenos and esteremenos (his present circumstances) carry the weight of do my essays this clause, with an unemphatic main verb (pareimi) coming between them.

This sentence is vs resume, a good example of an ascending trikolon , that is, a sentence in three parts with the longest element last. Do My Essays. Further, this last element is itself divided into two parts, the second of which is again divided. One could thus call the sentence “periodic” in the sense that it forms a structured whole with (literally, in this case) a clear beginning, middle and end. Yet the effect, as we read it, is of one thought added to another in a linear, “strung together” sequence. Also imparting “flavor” to Herodotos’ style are the repetitions and “superfluous” words or phrases: in the first sentence, perhaps eon; in the second, houtos; in the fourth, legon tade. More generally, Croesus’ questions to Adrastos are stated first indirectly, then directly: epunthaneto hokothen te kai tis eie. . . .tis te eon kai kothen. (Note the chiastic order, and linkedin vs resume, note also that Adrastos replies chiastically, answering kothen before tis!) The effect is of an kid friendly essays, unhurried narrative–but not a flaccid one. Rather, Herodotos asks us to pause over each question, each answer, each event in the tale of Croesus, Atys and Adrastos so that at linkedin vs resume the end, in the magnificent, fully periodic sentence which concludes the story (45.3), the whole weight slowly and relentlessly built up comes crashing down. [Cf. Do My Essays. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 8.] For an analysis of the vs resume, periodic sentence which begins Herodotos’ History , click here. Let us turn next to Lysias, who was noted for the simplicity and essays, elegance of his style and the vividness and clarity of his narrations. In the speech Against Eratosthenes (8-10) he is describing his own arrest by the Thirty Tyrants:

For a graphic image of the linkedin, Greek text, click here. Dividing up the houses, they went on their way. Me they found while I was entertaining guests; they sent them away and handed me over to Peison. The others went to the workshop and made a list of the slaves. Graad. I asked Peison if he wanted to vs resume take money and rescue me. He said he would, if it were a lot. I said then that I was ready to graad give him a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. Vs Resume. Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or human beings, but nevertheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to writing online best be imperative to get some pledge from him.

After he swore an oath, calling down ruin on himself and his children, that he would accept the talent and save me, I went into the room and opened the vs resume, chest. Peison noticed and came in, and when he saw the contents he called two of his servants and ordered them to take the things in the chest. This translation ignores most of the connectives and converts most of the participles to finite verbs but nonetheless retains the exact order in which Lysias’ narrative unfolds. Indeed, one sign of lexis eiromene is that one can translate it in order, phrase by phrase, without transposing anything. Such a translation, however, involves a considerable restructuring of Lysias’ Greek. To examine further the way Lysias has structured his narrative let us reproduce each element of the Greek on a separate line, with indentations to show the relationship among them; the excruciatingly literal translation which follows will show how complex the “loose” style of Lysias really is. To emphasize the careful connection and subordination of the Greek (even where ideas seem to follow straightforwardly one after the other), words which serve as signposts are in boldface and circumstantial participles, which express so many subordinated ideas so concisely, are underlined in the Greek graphic. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. And dividing up the houses they went on 1 listhesis their way.

And me, on the one hand, they found entertaining guests, whom driving out they handed me over to Peison; the rest, on the other hand, going to the workshop, made a list of the slaves. And I asked Peison, on the one hand, (5) if he wanted to linkedin vs resume rescue me, taking money. he, on the other hand, said he did, if it were a lot. I said then that I was prepared to give a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. (10) Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or men, but nonetheless in the present circumstances it seemed to from algae thesis me to be most necessary.

to take a pledge from vs resume him. And when he swore, calling down ruin on himself and his children, (15) that accepting the talent he would save me, going into the room I opened the biodiesel thesis, box; But Peison, noticing, came in. and, seeing the vs resume, contents, called two of mfa creative online best his servants. and ordered them to linkedin vs resume take the and trust essay, things in the box. [As a tool for analyzing Greek style such an ultra-literal translation is vs resume, far more useful than a smooth, fully Englished version, since the goal is to understand the Greek, not to replace it. Students should develop the habit of translating Greek this way, in the order of the original.

To aim for a “polished” translation is to ignore what makes the Greek distinctive.] Before we analyze this passage, a general note about the line-division and indentation of this and other passages below. It is intended only to suggest the units of order online kfc malaysia meaning into which the sentence seems to fall. Each such unit was probably, but far from certainly, followed by a distinct pause when the Greek was spoken aloud; much depended on linkedin vs resume a speaker’s (or reader’s) delivery. No “scientific” accuracy is claimed or, indeed, is possible. Lines often, but not always, correspond to kola. (To be entirely consistent one would have to place eipon oun [9], for example, on kid friendly a separate line, but this would create a false impression of composition in very short units [kommata].)

We should remember, more fundamentally, that the linkedin, very idea of a “sentence” is biodiesel from thesis, modern: ancient writers speak of linkedin a dianoia or sententia, “thought”, which may not coincide with our idea of a “sentence”. [For a modern definition of a sentence see, e.g., Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , p. Writing Online Best. 111.] Likewise, while a “period” (periodos) often corresponds to what we would call a “sentence”, a portion of a sentence can constitute a complete period (as remarked by Aristotle and linkedin vs resume, Demetrios). Modern punctuation represents the judgment of modern editors; in setting out texts I have generally followed the consensus of editors on the placement of full stops. [See, e.g., Johnson, Luxuriance and Economy , pp. 15-17 with references.] Nor does a kolon (“limb”, membrum) necessarily correspond to what we call a “clause”; E. Fraenkel has shown that even a short phrase can have the force of a kolon. [See also H. Dik, Word Order in Ancient Greek , chapter 3.] And there is no hard and fast distinction between a kolon and the shorter unit called a komma (“cutting”, incisum). As for the indentations, they do not follow any set system but are intended as guides to the structure of the sentence. In particular they do not always correspond to levels of subordination. Order. (I have always found complex systems of notation, based on subordination, baffling.) Readers can learn a great deal by (re)organizing the linkedin, “layout” of order resume online these passages in their own way and analyzing other passages of their own choice. Now for vs resume Lysias.

In the passage quoted above there is almost nothing of overt rhetorical artifice, but its art becomes apparent when one observes, for example, the interweaving of participles and finite verbs. They tend to be paired, but not mechanically so. The last sentence (lines 18-20), which describes Peison’s actions, is set out in mfa creative online best three parts linked by kai. Lysias could have achieved greater concision and linkedin vs resume, concentration, perhaps, by putting everything into a single clause with several participles and one main verb, but this would spoil the graad 1 listhesis, simplicity of the narrative: Peison came into the room; he saw what was in the chest; he issued a command. Linkedin. (Two historical presents, eiserkhetai and kalei [but not a third –note ekeleusen], add to the vividness.) The participles tell why (proximately) he did what he did, and it is worth analyzing each participle in this passage as to writing best whether it is causal, temporal, conditional, or whatever. Note especially eparomenos in linkedin vs resume Peison’s oath (15): the phrase in do my essays which it appears is a longer element between two shorter ones, and linkedin vs resume, we linger on it before coming to graad the oath itself, labon. . Linkedin Vs Resume. .sosein.

Of course, even without such analysis the reader responds directly to what Lysias writes–but for this very reason it is easy to graad miss how much he is telling us, simply and elegantly. Notice also the variety. Vs Resume. Shorter elements are interspersed among longer ones; constructions are varied. An indirect question leads to kid friendly indirect statements: Peisona men eroton ei. Linkedin Vs Resume. . . , ho d’ ephasken ei. . . ., eipon oun hoti . . . Do My Essays. ., ho d’ homologese. . . ., epistamen men oun hoti. . Linkedin Vs Resume. ., homos d’. Essays. . .edokei. . . ., epeide de omosen. . . . Vs Resume. Note, too, the placement of sosai. . .labon (6), labein (13), labon. . .sosein (16), labein (20). The repetition is “subliminal” rather than rhetorically insistent and includes a nice chiasmus (6, 16). In short, this is rhetorical art which succeeds by concealing itself.

As with Herodotos, lexis eiromene is anything but naive. If one wants to appreciate Lysias fully, one need only kid friendly attempt to translate a similar narrative from linkedin English to Greek! For an resume online, analysis of periodic sentences by vs resume, Lysias, click here. Sophisticated in a different way is the storytelling style which Plato adopts from time to time, for friendship example in the fable about the origin of justice told by Protagoras in the dialogue of that name. Vs Resume. Here is an essay, excerpt (320c8-e4): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Once there was a time.

when gods existed. but mortal kinds did not. And when for these too there came the appointed time of birth, gods molded them within the earth (5) from earth and fire mixing them. and from the things which blend with fire and earth. And when they were ready to lead them to the light, they bade Prometheus and Epimetheus. adorn them and assign powers to vs resume each as was fitting. Mfa Creative Writing. (10)

And Epimetheus asked Prometheus if he could assign them himself. “And when I’ve assigned them,” he said, “you inspect them.” And so persuading, he assigned. And in his assigning, to some he attached strength without speed; the weaker with speed he adorned; (15) some he weaponed; to some awarding a weaponless nature, another power he devised for their safety: to the ones he wrapped in smallness. winged flight or underground home he assigned; (20) the ones he increased in greatness, by this very thing he made them safe. And so he assigned the rest, maintaining a balance.

On its surface the style of this passage is naive: Plato imparts a “flavor” of archaism to linkedin vs resume his story with short clauses, simple declarative statements, and repeated words. The first sentence (1-3) has three brief clauses with the verb eimi; the second and mfa creative online best, third clauses are exactly parallel, and the whole sentence begins and ends with the same word (the figure of kyklos). The variation theoi/thneta gene avoids a too-exact symmetry. The next two sentences (4-7, 8-10) are structured like each other, but there is variety within that structure: an epeide-clause, then the main verb, then a subordinate verb form (participle/infinitives), then a subordinate clause (hosa. . .hos. . .). Linkedin. [The subordinate clause hos prepei is essay, virtually an adverb and thus does not have a line to itself.] The first of these sentences could have been ended after lines 5 or 6; the addition of line 7 is elegant, with its chiasmus (ges kai puros, 6; puri kai gei, 7) and the variation meixantes/kerannutai. Three short statements follow (11-13), with a fivefold repetition of forms of nemo carrying over from the preceding sentence (10) and into the next (14). Linkedin. In particular, the repetition of the last word of friendship essay a sentence at the beginning of the next one (neimai/neimantos, nemei/nemon) is in the manner of Herodotos. Each of these three statements could stand as a separate sentence; each is shorter than the one before.

One can see the art of this by glancing at the next sentence, which runs through line 18 (in thought, all the way to 23): exactly the sort of variety that Plato always seeks, and a sure sign that he is creating the illusion of a naive style, not the vs resume, real thing. Graad. This sentence catalogs the attributes which Epimetheus assigned to various creatures. After the link-word nemon these are set forth with a men and three des; note the chiastic variation tois/tous/tous/tois and the varied length of the clauses. The fourth clause (17) begins with a participle instead of a finite verb and introduces the linkedin vs resume, whole category of animals without natural weapons; the longer kolon in friendship essay 18, with the verb emekhanato at its center, sets the stage for the second catalog of attributes in linkedin vs resume 19-23. Here each category of animals is mfa creative writing best, introduced by a relative clause, followed by a main clause detailing how these creatures were protected. Linkedin Vs Resume. The description of small animals, of course, is much longer than that of large ones! Finally, again very much in friendship essay the manner of Plato, the enumeration is concisely cut short by vs resume, the final summary in 23. Particularly elegant is the repetition nemon (14), enemen (20), enemen (23): a kyklos with an extra form in order the middle. A playful and sophisticated Platonic fable, then, where the linkedin vs resume, narrative progresses straightforwardly even when sentence-structure becomes complex. Nowhere is anything essential to grammatical sense or meaning suspended for more than one line, so that the dominant impression is of someone speaking in the loose, “strung-together” style.

Periodic Style: Demosthenes and Isokrates. Turning to lexis katestrammene (lexis he en periodois), let us begin with a sentence of Demosthenes which Demetrios quotes as an example of a period whose form is determined precisely by and trust, its content, and which Demetrios then re-arranges into non-periodic style (Demosthenes 20.1; Demetrios 10-11). Here, and in the examples which follow, the periodic effect is gained by suspending until the linkedin vs resume, end of the mfa creative online best, sentence an element essential for the grammar and the sense. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Men of the linkedin vs resume, jury, most of all because I think it benefits the city for the law to be annulled, second for the sake of Chabrias’ child, I have agreed that I shall, as best I am able, speak for these men.

Demetrios says that this period, which consists of three kola [apart from the graad 1 listhesis, opening vocative], has a certain “bending” or “turning” (kampe) and “concentration” or “coiling together” (sustrophe) at the end. What gives it this quality? Unlike the examples of linkedin vs resume lexis eiromene quoted above, this sentence begins with two kola subordinate to do my essays the final kolon not only grammatically but also in sense: malista men heineka. . Linkedin Vs Resume. . Mfa Creative Online Best. ./eita kai. . .heineka. . . . The main verb homologesa comes at linkedin the beginning of the last kolon but requires an infinitive in indirect statement to do my essays complete its meaning. Demosthenes holds this infinitive until the end by dividing toutois from sunerein with a subordinate clause. The whole sentence is linkedin vs resume, aimed at an end, which sunerein provides. Note, incidentally, that Demosthenes avoids a too-exact corresponsion of the first two kola by essay, varying their length, changing the position of heineka, having heineka govern first an articular infinitive then a noun, and by answering men not with de but with eita kai. Demetrios’ re-arrangement of this into a non-period is instructive.

For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I shall speak for linkedin vs resume these men, citizens of graad Athens. For Chabrias’ son is a friend of mine, and much more than him the city, for which it is right for me to speak. As Demetrios remarks, the period has disappeared. Each kolon is vs resume, independent in sense; a full stop could be placed at the end of any of the first three kola. Nothing forces us to online kfc malaysia look ahead for a conclusion to come. (Indeed, Demosthenes’ final word has become Demetrios’ first.) We are not on a circular course, with a turning point and a finish line in vs resume sight, but on do my essays a straight path of uncertain length. Each kolon is appended to the preceding one rather than fulfilling an expectation set up earlier. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. A longer periodic sentence of Demosthenes is analyzed below. To return to linkedin the table of contents, click here. Here is a period from Isokrates’ Panegyrikos (186), cited by Aristotle in the Rhetoric (1410a):

For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Fame and memory and do my essays, glory. how much ought one to think. those will either possess while alive. or leave behind when they die. who in deeds of vs resume this sort excel?

Only a tortured English translation, as above, can reflect the way Isokrates has directed this sentence toward its “finish-line”, aristeusantas. Biodiesel From Algae. Each element of the sentence requires something later to complete its meaning: first come three accusatives; then they are made part of linkedin vs resume a question governed by the verbs khre and nomizein, the do my essays, first of which requires an accusative subject, the second an infinitive; then come two parallel accusatives and infinitives, but since the accusative words are participles we still don’t know who the linkedin vs resume, sentence is about; finally, the phrase tous. . .aristeusantas, with a prepositional phrase enclosed, tells us. Notice also how Isokrates emphasizes the structure of the biodiesel from algae thesis, sentence with repeated sounds and words: phemen, mnemen, posen; nomizein, ekhein, kataleipsein; e, e; zontas, teleutesantas, aristeusantas. Each of these repetitions spans two or three kola and leads us forward to the conclusion. A longer periodic sentence of vs resume Isokrates is analyzed below.

Short and Long Kola: Xenophon and Thucydides. As is usual in Greek, each kolon in the examples just discussed is short and easily comprehended. Kid Friendly. Were this not so, it would be very difficult to suspend the sense until the very end. Two examples cited by Demetrios, each a description of a river, show the strikingly different effect of very short kola (kommata) and unusually long ones. First, Xenophon’s description of the river Teleboas ( Anabasis 4.4.3, Demetrios 6): houtos d’ en kalos men, megas d’ ou. This (river) was beautiful, but not large. Then Thucydides’ description of the Acheloos (2.102.2, Demetrios 45): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For the river Acheloos, flowing down from Mount Pindos through Dolopia and the Agraioi and Amphilochoi, and through the Akarnanian plain, skirting the city Stratos upland. and discharging into the sea by Oiniadai and creating a marsh around their city, makes it impossible, because of the water, in linkedin winter to mount a campaign.

The sentence, like the river, flows and twists and do my essays, turns to its conclusion. Linkedin. Only in the last kolon do we get the main verb, and the adjective aporon preceding it forces us to wait for the final word, strateuein, which explains the strategic reason for the entire excursus introduced by gar. An appropriately serpentine periodos! As a final example of a periodos where sense is suspended until the friendship, end, here is a sentence of Lysias, who was just as much at home in the periodic as in the loose style (25.18): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. But if you think it necessary. the men whom those ones omitted to harm. yourselves to ruin, none of the citizens will be left. In the protasis of linkedin vs resume this conditional sentence Lysias gains extra force first by using ei plus the indicative rather than the more usual ean plus subjunctive (making the mfa creative online, whole sentence in effect a future most vivid or minatory conditional sentence), then by bringing the relative clause forward to precede the infinitive apolesai on which it depends. Linkedin. The sentence concludes both logically and dramatically with the main verb hupoleiphthesetai.

Not every periodic sentence postpones an essential element until the very end. Such sentences are indeed the most neatly “rounded” and “directed toward a finish-line”, but a longer period expressing complex ideas would be difficult for an audience to follow if they had to keep track of multiple suspensions of algae meaning and multiple subordinations until the final kolon. Often the main verb comes at linkedin the beginning or in the middle, and the effect of a structured whole is achieved by carefully arranging parallel or antithetical kola whose sense is complete before the sentence moves on. Here is Isokrates’ description of Xerxes’ march through northern Greece ( Panegyrikos 89, cited in part by Aristotle, Rhetoric 1410a): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Who came to so great a point of arrogance. that, thinking it was a small task to subjugate Greece. and wanting to leave a monument so great. that it is not a thing of kid friendly essays human birth, he did not earlier stop (5) until he discovered and compelled. the thing which all men talk about: how with his army. to sail through the mainland.

and march through the sea, (10) yoking the vs resume, Hellespont. and digging through Athos. This is a splendid example of a long and do my essays, carefully crafted period where the main verb comes in the first kolon and everything else unfolds in later subordinations. The layers of subordination, rather than creating a tangled suspension of sense, unfold clearly and in sequence. Note how small the elements are which make up most of this sentence. The longest kola, the second and linkedin vs resume, third, describe Xerxes’ grandiose thoughts; as his plan progresses, things seem to get easier until, in two short phrases, he yokes the sea and digs the land. And note the careful and varied connections: relative clauses, result clauses, a temporal clause, pairs of participles and a pair of infinitives set off by men and de. Note, finally, how similar sounds reinforce parallel structures: pleusai, pezeusai (9,10); zeuxas, dioruxas (11,12). End-rhyme links the essay, paired verb forms, the first syllable of zeuxas picking up sounds from the preceding pair. Another period of Isokrates is analyzed above.

Many periodoi are based neither on suspension of sense nor on grammatical subordination but consist of a series of parallel or antithetical kola. Here are two examples from Lysias cited by C. D. Adams in linkedin his insightful discussion of the differences between loose and periodic style (Lysias, Selected Speeches , pp. 345-352): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. The killing of men they thought of no importance; the taking of resume online kfc malaysia money they considered of great importance. (12.7) For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. many of the linkedin, citizens to our enemies they banished; many they wrongly killed and left unburied; many with civic rights they disenfranchised; of many the daughters about to be married they balked. (12.21)

Strictly speaking, the first of do my essays these sentences presents an antithesis, the second a series of parallels. In each, however, as commonly, the kola are closely parallel in form: in linkedin the first, each kolon consists of infinitive + direct object + phrase with peri + main verb; at the end the rhyme hegounto/epoiounto (homoioteleuton) reinforces the mfa creative writing online best, parallel and brings closure. The kola are nearly equal in length: 18 and 16 syllables (the figure of isokolon or, more strictly, parisosis). The conjunctions men and de produce a suspension not of linkedin vs resume immediate meaning but of general thought: while the first kolon gives a complete thought, we know that more is to come. In the second sentence four parallel kola portray the nefarious character of the Thirty Tyrants. Friendship. Not only linkedin are the kola nearly identical in length (17, 17, 15, and 18 syllables) but their similarity is strengthened by the repetitions pollous/pollous/pollous/pollon at the beginning and essay, exelasan/epoiesan/katestesan/ekolusan at the end. The detail added by the fourth kolon–the confiscations of property even prevented some families from giving their daughters dowries–provides a vivid and dramatic climax and brings a sense of periodic closure. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. For a graphic of linkedin Lysias 12.99-100 laid out in kola and kommata, click here. Even a single kolon can be periodic. Friendship. Demetrios cites (17) the linkedin vs resume, opening of order online Herodotos’ History : Herodotou Halikarnasseos histories apodexis hede. . . . Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this.

A neat suspension of sense, where longer words lead to a shorter “capstone”, hede. Since this period is linkedin, part of a longer sentence, it is worth quoting the whole thing: For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this, that neither may the do my essays, things done by men with time become extinct. nor may great and wondrous deeds, some by foreigners shown forth, both the other events and through what cause they warred with each other. Thus, in a masterful period, does Herodotos reveal the goal and scope of linkedin his History . Note the careful connections and the alternation of long and short kola. Note the double purpose clause (hos mete. . .genetai, mete. . .genetai), where the second clause makes us wait while the meaning of erga is graad 1 listhesis, amplified by vs resume, ta men. . . ta de. . . in apposition. Writing Online Best. Note, especially, how the vs resume, Persian Wars appear, understated, in a kolon appended at the very end, in kid friendly apposition to and amplifying what went before. Isokrates could have done no better. Rhetorical, Historical, and linkedin vs resume, Philosophical Periods. Thus periodic sentences can have various structures and can achieve “rounding” or “concentration toward an end” or “completeness” in order resume kfc malaysia various ways and to vs resume various degrees.

In addition to Adams‘ distinction between periods involving suspension of sense, antithesis, and parallelism one should take note of the more fundamental distinction which Demetrios draws between three types of period, according to how tightly they are constructed: the friendship and trust, rhetorical period, the historical period, and the philosophical period or period of dialogue. The rhetorical period is the vs resume, most rounded, with a “turning” and “concentration” at kid friendly the end (Demetrios 10). Examples are the passages from Demosthenes (20.1), Thucydides (2.102.2), and linkedin, Isokrates (Panegyrikos 186) discussed above, where a crucial element is graad 1 listhesis, withheld until the conclusion. To return to the table of contents, click here. A Short Historical Period of linkedin vs resume Xenophon. As an order online, example of a historical period Demetrios cites the opening of linkedin Xenophon’s Anabasis : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.

Of Dareios and graad, Parysatis were born two children, the older Artaxerxes, the younger Kyros. (Anabasis 1.1; Demetrios 3) According to Demetrios this sentence consists of two kola, each of which, while an linkedin vs resume, integral part of the sentence, completes its own thought. [One could also treat the phrases with men and kfc malaysia, de as separate kola (or kommata).] That is, the first kolon is complete in linkedin vs resume itself, but the order resume online, second adds details which, once we have them, we perceive as part of an organized whole. Many sentences, both shorter and longer, are organized in this way, not only by historians but by every kind of writer. Linkedin. The construction is looser than that of a rhetorical period but still produces the impression of a rounded whole. To return to the table of contents, click here.

The philosophical period or period of writing online best dialogue is looser still and linkedin, barely gives the kid friendly essays, impression of being a period at all. Linkedin Vs Resume. Demetrios cites the opening of Plato’s Republic : For a graphic image of the graad, Greek text, click here. I went down yesterday to Peiraios. with Glaukon, Ariston’s son, to pray to linkedin the goddess. and also wanting to kid friendly essays see the festival, how they would perform it, since now they’re holding it for the first time. (Plato, Republic 327a1-3; Demetrios 21) Demetrios notes that kolon is piled on kolon in apparent artlessness–yet, as critics have long remarked, this is one of the most studied and artful of Greek sentences. [See, for linkedin example, Denniston’s remarks ( Greek Prose Style , p. 41).] Plato is said to have puzzled long over the order of the opening words. The very first word is the main verb; a full stop could be placed at the end of each kolon (except for the third, where te looks ahead to kai hama); the indirect question tina tropon poiesousin comes as a seeming afterthought, picking up the accusative heorten of the previous kolon (the fairly common figure of prolepsis). Essay. Yet by the end we have run a full course, a periodos. Vs Resume. The sentence is writing, more than what it seems to be: formally (grammatically) one could regard it as lexis eiromene, but it is really periodic.

There is no one formula, then, for a periodic sentence nor, as we are reading an author, should we expect to be able to linkedin vs resume say with certainty whether this or that sentence or passage is “loose” or “periodic”, much less classify each sentence as rhetorical, historical, or philosophical. Graad 1 Listhesis. Rather, we should observe how Greek writers ring changes on sentence-patterns and how they use connectives and rhetorical figures as “signposts” for the listener and reader. Labels, where we can assign them, are means, not ends. For Demetrios’ remarks on the three types of period, click here. In order to place in perspective the use of linkedin rhetorical figures as guides to online kfc malaysia the architecture of a sentence, let us look at the most exuberant rhetorician of them all, Gorgias of Leontinoi, who amazed the Athenians with a style in which repeated sounds and linkedin, plays on 1 listhesis words were part of the very texture of the Greek.

Our Gorgianic exemplar is chapter 6 of the Encomium of Helen . For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For either by vs resume, Fortune’s volitions. and the do my essays, gods’ counsels. and Necessity’s decrees. she did what she did, or by force seized (5) or by linkedin vs resume, words persuaded. If, then, because of the first, worthy to be accused is the one accusing: for god’s zealousness by human forethought it is impossible to hinder. (10) For it is essays, natural not for the stronger thing by the weaker to vs resume be hindered, but for the weaker by the stronger to be ruled and guided, and for the stronger to lead.

and the weaker to follow. But god than man is a stronger thing (15) both in do my essays force and in wisdom and in all else. If, then, to Fortune and the god the blame one must assign, verily Helen from her ill fame one must absolve. Not only is the passage composed for the most part of very short elements (kommata rather than kola) but many of these are the same or nearly the same in length (isokolon or parisosis): Tukhes boulemasi, theon bouleumasi, and Anagkes psephismasin (lines 1-3) are 6, 6, and 7 syllables; to linkedin men kreisson hegeisthai and to de hesson hepesthai (13-14) are each 7 syllables. End-rhyme (homoioteleuton) is everywhere: boulemasi, bouleumasi, psephismasin; harpastheisa, peistheisa, (5-7) [ is a medieval conjecture based on 1 listhesis Gorgias’ development of the argument in chapter 15]; anatheteon, apoluteon (17-18). Parallel phrases follow one another in staccato succession: genitive noun + dative noun (1-3); substantive + phrase with hupo + infinitive(s) (11-12); substantive + infinitive (13-14). Parallelism of sound and vs resume, structure comes from plays on sound (parechesis) and meaning (paronomasia) within and between phrases, with similar words and even forms of the same word juggled kaleidoscopically: boulemasi/bouleumasi (1-2); aitiasthai/aitiomenos (9), where the online kfc malaysia, first form is passive, the second middle; kreisson. . Linkedin Vs Resume. .hessonos. . .hesson. Do My Essays. . .kreissonos. Linkedin Vs Resume. . .kreisson. . .hesson (11-14), a double chiasmus. Do My Essays. Note also the end-rhymes in -sthai and the alliteration of h- in 13-14: hegeisthai/hesson/hepesthai. Especially bizarre is theou prothumian/anthropinoi promethiai in 10: what appears to vs resume be a longer kolon is broken up (or is do my essays, it simply tangled, like vain human intentions?) by these nearly impenetrable phrases. Before dismissing these devices as puerilities, we should remember two things: first, the Greeks did not regard words merely as arbitrary collections of phonemes randomly assigned meanings; sound was connected to linkedin sense. Second, the biodiesel from, argument from which this passage is excerpted is meticulously logical and entirely typical of fifth-century “sophistic” argumentation as exemplified in Euripides, Thucydides, and linkedin vs resume, Aristophanes. [See the works of John Finley cited in the bibliography.]

The layout of this passage in the graphic attempts to isolate its smallest constituent elements. Gorgias encourages this with his insistent repetitions and isokola. Mfa Creative Writing Best. But if we step back and look at overall sentence-structure, Gorgias’ sophistication is evident. The first sentence (1-7) pivots around epraxen ha epraxen; the possible reasons for Helen’s elopement are presented on either side of this main clause. Preceding it is one possibility (Fortune, gods, Necessity) divided into three; following it are others (probably three in linkedin vs resume number with one phrase each). Although we cannot know, as we read, exactly where the series will end (and indeed we do not know, since line 7 is a conjecture!), Gorgias suspends the sense nicely near the center of the sentence.

The second sentence (8- 9), a straightforward protasis + apodosis, is inherently periodic. In the next (10) the kid friendly, predicate adjective adunaton, which reveals the grammatical construction, comes next to last, and the direct object prothumian receives its infinitive (the subject of the linkedin, sentence) only at the end. By contrast, in the longer sentence which follows (11- 14) everything depends on the first word, pephuke: the first kolon, introduced by ou, leads to 1 listhesis the second, which answers ou with alla and where koluesthai is answered by vs resume, two infinitives, arkhesthai and agesthai; at the end (13-14) two further articular infinitives amplify the idea expressed in line 12. Since the phrases with men and do my essays, de form a single thought, they could just as easily be placed on a single line. They would then complete an ascending trikolon.

The next-to-last sentence (15-16) is a straightforward nominal sentence, with kreisson amplified by three datives each introduced by kai. The final sentence consists of vs resume protasis + apodosis, each concluded by a verbal adjective. [In line 18 the first word is MacDowell’s conjecture (CQ [n.s.] 11 [1961] p. 121).] Thus if we go beneath the dazzling surface of Gorgias’ rhetoric the confident construction of the sentences which convey his argument is order kfc malaysia, apparent. Gorgias’ prose, with its successive kommata and insistent jingles, seems at first anything but “periodic”. Linkedin Vs Resume. Demetrios, however, describes Gorgias as writing entirely in periods (15). Critics have puzzled over how his audience could have been so impressed by Gorgias’ speaking, but in graad the courts as well as in the ekklesia the goal, after all, was effective argumentation, and the present epideixis is a tour de force of exactly that.

If we look to the overall length and structure of linkedin vs resume each successive argument in Gorgias’ logos, a different Gorgias emerges, an expert packager of online kfc malaysia solid, familiar arguments in novel form. Often cited in vs resume this context is Kleon’s condemnation of the Athenians’ obsession with rhetoric (Thucydides 3.38). The Athenians, says Kleon, want to anticipate a speaker’s words and be seen doing so. Later, for an audience to do this was a sign of an unoriginal speaker whose words followed an biodiesel from algae thesis, all-too-predictable course (cf. Demetrios 15). Linkedin. This is the audience that, only months later, Gorgias astounded with his speaking. Resume Online Kfc Malaysia. Such a seasoned, even jaded audience was ready for something new. Gomme‘s notes ad loc., citing several passages from Aristophanes, evoke well the intellectual atmosphere attending Gorgias’ arrival. To conclude this section here is an appropriately rhetorical translation of this passage by Larue Van Hook: For either by the disposition of linkedin vs resume fortune and the ratification of the gods and the determination of necessity she did what she did, or by violence confounded, or by persuasion dumbfounded, or to Love surrendered. Resume. If, however, it was against her will, the culpable should not be exculpated.

For it is impossible to linkedin vs resume forestall divine disposals by human proposals. It is a law of nature that the stronger is do my essays, not subordinated to the weaker, but the weaker is subjugated and dominated by the stronger; the stronger is the leader, while the weaker is the entreater. Linkedin. Divinity surpasses humanity in might, in sight, and in all else. Therefore, if on order resume fortune and the deity we must visit condemnation, the linkedin, infamy of Helen should find no confirmation. [Published in his introduction to Isokrates’ Helen , in vol. 3 of the Loeb edition of Isokrates, pp. 55-57.] Here, lastly, is an example of the finest periodic style in graad Greek, the mature style of linkedin vs resume Demosthenes. Over the course of his career, Demosthenes developed a style unrivaled for its variety, intensity, and concentration, a style not wholly periodic like that of biodiesel from thesis Isokrates but mixing long and complex periods with shorter, simpler statements, questions, exclamations. A good Demosthenic periodos, often cited, is the vs resume, opening of the speech On the Crown : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.

First, Athenian men, I pray to all the gods and order resume online kfc malaysia, goddesses, as much good will as I continually have to the city and all of you, that so much be accorded me from you for this contest; second, a thing which especially concerns you and your piety and reputation, this for the gods to grant you: (5) not to make my opponent your advisor. about how you ought to listen to me. (that would be outrageous) but the laws and the oath, in which, in addition to the other just things, this too is linkedin vs resume, written: (10) to listen to do my essays both in the same way. At the outset of vs resume his speech Demosthenes gives original form to a commonplace idea: both sides deserve a hearing, and each speaker should be allowed to develop his arguments in his own way. At each stage of the sentence grammatical “signposts” and other key words create a suspension of meaning which is only resolved in a later kolon. Demosthenes casts the entire sentence as a prayer (as he does the conclusion of the speech [324], which repays comparison). The prayer has two main parts, introduced by proton men (1) and epeith’ (4).

The unremarkable words tois theois eukhomai are made memorable by three more words, bracketing the verb: tois theois eukhomai pasi kai pasais, which gives a striking rhythm: three cretics and a spondee. Essays. As for linkedin the content of the prayer, it will be given by the infinitives huparxai (3) and parastesai (5). Preceding the first is a relative clause introduced by hosen, which looks ahead to the correlative tosauten for order online kfc malaysia the completion of its meaning: in return for his efforts on behalf of the city and its citizens, Demosthenes asks an equal recompense (a point reinforced by linkedin vs resume, humin. . .par’ humon). The second infinitive, parastesai, is again preceded by a relative clause, this time introduced by hoper, which looks ahead to its antecedent touto (and note, in 4 and 5, huper humon and humin, forming an elegant chiasmus with the earlier pronouns humin [2] and humon [3]). But the second part of the prayer is essay, not complete. Linkedin. Unlike toiauten huparxai the phrase touto parastesai forces us to look ahead to complete the meaning of kid friendly touto, which is supplied by the infinitive me. Linkedin. . .poiesasthai, in apposition to touto. But we are not through yet. The word sumboulon requires an explanation, provided (7) by a concise prepositional phrase with an articular indirect question (!). Demosthenes then pauses for a parenthetical remark (8).

Then he picks up and continues the algae, construction which he had interrupted: me ton antidikon sumboulon poiesasthai. . .alla tous nomous kai ton horkon. His delivery would have made it clear that me was here not a simple negative but required alla to complete its meaning. The period concludes with a relative clause explaining the jurors’ oath–a clause whose culmination is prepared for by a prepositional phrase with pros and by the pronoun touto, in apposition to which comes the final articular infinitive–the point of the whole sentence, an equal hearing for both sides, invested now with the linkedin, authority of the gods and the solemnity of the oath. A complex period, with many suspensions of sense. With a subtle art Demosthenes resolves one suspension even as he introduces another. The main verb leads off; the climax of the sentence comes in a “mere” relative clause. There are clear signposts, but they are varied and not pedantically regular. The same variety is friendship, apparent in the two parts of the prayer (2-3, 5-11).

Even proton men and linkedin, epeith’, the friendship and trust, linchpins of the sentence, are not placed strictly logically: epeith’ should introduce a parallel prayer, with another verb answering eukhomai or with the same verb understood, but it does not. It introduces the second prayer dependent on eukhomai. Line 4 above should logically be indented in vs resume the Greek graphic, but this is where logical strictness yields to art. To put it another way, proton men should really be placed after the graad, first kolon–but how banal that would be! A shorter period of linkedin vs resume Demosthenes is analyzed here. More Periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes. Here are some graphic representations of periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes not discussed above. Click here to see Gorgianic periods. Click here to order resume online see Isokratean periods.

Click here to see Demosthenic periods. The distinction between the periodic structures favored by Isokrates and those of linkedin Demosthenes is brought out friendship well by Eric Laughton in his comparison of these orators with Cicero, who is Demosthenic rather than Isokratean (“Cicero and the Greek Orators”, AJP 82 [1961] 27-49; see especially pp. 41-49). Cf. H. C. Vs Resume. Gotoff, “Thrasymachus of Chalcedon and Ciceronian Style.” But when one looks back at the elegant repetitions and kid friendly, subordinations, at the effortless variety of Plato’s expression, and especially at the elaborate edifice of linkedin vs resume 14-23 (nemon . . . Mfa Creative Writing. enemen), one has, in retrospect, a sense of linkedin rounding, a sense that one has been led on a planned path with a clear beginning, middle, and end.

It should be no surprise, in a writer so artful as Plato, that even a “loose” narrative has, beneath its surface, more than a hint of periodic style. [For a detailed analysis of Protagoras’ story as an from thesis, example of a traditional fable, and a discussion of linkedin vs resume lexis eiromene in general, see E. Norden, Agnostos Theos, Anhang VII, pp. 366-379. On Greek and Roman fables see Ben Perry’s introduction to essays the Loeb edition of Babrius and Phaedrus (Cambridge, Mass./London 1965), pp. xi-xxxiv.]

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Introduction to the audiovisual essay: A child of two mothers. by Cristina Alvarez Lopez Adrian Martin. The audiovisual essay is not a strict genre or a delimited form – it is the name for a burgeoning field of inquiry, research, and experimentation within academia and also beyond it; the expression of critical, analytical, and theoretical work using the linkedin vs resume, resources of friendship essay, audiovisuality – images and sounds in linkedin vs resume montage. The specific inflection of a chosen name always matters. Out of the various possible candidates in algae the air at present – video essay, visual essay, videographic moving image study – we choose audiovisual essay because: a. we all need to linkedin, put an end to the casual ignoring of the decisive role of sound in every form of modern media; b. video (as in electronic videotape) is already an anachronistic term in the digital age and biodiesel from, has been for some time; c. essay is a word which, in the spheres of film and media (both their analysis and production), has come to carry the simultaneous connotations of intellectual research and poetic exploration – neither simply a vehicle for instrumental rationalism nor art for art’s sake.[1] It is a word which can create its own problems (see remarks below) but, at present, remains charged and linkedin vs resume, useful as a probe to identify a new energy in and trust creation and critique. The objection is sometimes heard in public forums: but is any of this really new? From Joseph Cornell’s surrealist collage Rose Hobart (1936) to Jean-Luc Godard’s epic Histoire(s) du cinema (1988-1998), filmmakers and artists have long been cutting together appropriated images and sounds in order to make a critical point or pursue their particular politico-philosophical ‘vision’. Celebrated multimedia border-crossers including Agnes Varda, Chris Marker, Ken Jacobs, and Harun Farocki have been extending the ruminative, speculative form of the written essay into renewed, audiovisual formats since at least the linkedin vs resume, 1950s.

However, something fundamental in the contemporary situation of biodiesel thesis, media has changed for a large number of actual and potential producers (including our students). Vs Resume! First, computers offer relatively simple but highly effective technologies of digital production and (particularly relevant for the audiovisual essay) post-production. Graad 1 Listhesis! Second, the raw materials – the images and sounds of pre-existing films, television, and media items – are available to acquire and manipulate via digital channels in a way that is historically unprecedented. For close to a century experimental filmmakers sourced out-of-copyright movie trailers and black market prints and vs resume, literally scoured the order online kfc malaysia, bins and dumpsters of rejected footage in linkedin vs resume order to order resume online kfc malaysia, re-edit, re-film, and creatively manhandle them. Film/video essayists such as Farocki and Marker invented ingenious schemes in order to access the official streams of imagery made by and for linkedin, corporations or recorded on security cameras. Godard, alongside hundreds of other artists worldwide in do my essays the 1980s, went the VHS or Super-8 route, forensically taping from television broadcasts or reshooting playback off of video monitors. The audiovisual essay, in linkedin the wide range in which we are encompassing it within NECSUS, is – to adapt the title of Massimo Bontempelli’s novella that Raul Ruiz filmed as The Comedy of Innocence (2000) – the order, ‘child of two mothers’. At least two! There is the tradition of research and experimentation that comes through avant-garde film and video, particularly all that is gathered under the rubric of found footage work. The subject of this kind of audiovisual essay is not restricted to but tends at its primary level to be focused on linkedin vs resume, the critique or examination of cinema itself in some respect – particular filmmakers or genres, specific movies or fragments therein, or a more theoretical aspect of the graad 1 listhesis, ‘cinematic machine’ in general, as a medium and as a part of cultural history. Linkedin Vs Resume! Then there is the essay-film (or film-essay), that historic breakaway from supposedly objective documentary which stresses the biodiesel algae, elements of the personal and vs resume, the reflective, and which has itself spawned many sub-forms in the digital age.

Where found footage pieces use little or no audiovisual material originated by do my essays, the maker the essay-film may use a great deal that is linkedin generated first-hand (very often with a small or large component of some pre-existing media archive blended into its overall mix). The range of subjects of essayistic works treated in this mode tends to be broader than in order resume online the found footage tradition; cinema and other media may function as a key reference point but usually only as part of a larger social and transpersonal ensemble under investigation. These are not intended as hard-and-fast categorical distinctions. As always, anything that is linkedin deemed by biodiesel from algae thesis, some commentator to be a genre, type, model, template, or tradition has usually already produced ample examples of vs resume, hybrid combination, anti-type, or peculiar exaggerations of the posited form. We simply wish to flag two extreme points that can be used to online kfc malaysia, collate and compare the diverse works and vs resume, tendencies within what is currently a vital, operative field. In the present academic climate, and in light of the resistances to and questions about the audiovisual essay that sometimes arise, a dual campaign needs to be waged, exerting pressure from two sides.

First, we need to assert and 1 listhesis, demonstrate that seemingly ‘purely’ poetic forms can carry intellectual ideas and embody practices of scholarly research. This is more a matter of vs resume, fighting ingrained perceptions and assumptions (even among humanities scholars) than of changing the nature of artistic work itself – although that too has been entering a new, hybridised phase in and trust essay our era of ‘PhDs through practice’ and research-driven art, as more and more practitioners abandon the once fragile and now completely crumbling economy of cultural subsidies and choose to enter the linkedin, academy to mfa creative writing best, pursue their lifetime of work. Second, and conversely, we need to stress the constitutively creative aspect of essayistic forms when they are forged in vs resume image and sound. The traditional academic habit of both beginning with words (in the form of a plan, such as a pre-written script or structured outline) and ending with words (as final justification and writing online, elucidation) is challenged by a great deal of work appearing under the audiovisual essay umbrella. Godard himself was probably the linkedin, first to kid friendly essays, articulate this problem back in the late 1970s when he explained to television commissioners that his forthcoming found footage/essay works (including Histoire(s) ) would not proceed from a pre-formulated script but be arrived at solely within the editing process itself, in order that an vs resume idea could be seen and heard in mfa creative best a new and more direct way. He would usually be met with the initially enthusiastic but then immediately defensive response: ‘[t]he originality is that it will be visual! […] But can you tell us how it will be visual?’[2]

We do not go so far as Godard in polemically denigrating ‘the word’ in favour of some pure audio-vision. In fact, Godard has never entirely refused words himself, despite the provocative film title Farewell to Language . It is rather the case that in our much-vaunted age of multimediality , intermediality , and transmediality , we should practice what we preach. All the diverse elements of media (image, sound, graphic design, text, etc.) are available for us to use in different combinations, and we stand only to gain from exploring the possibilities of this ‘infinite semiosis’. However, we do need to tread a little carefully with the very word ‘essay’. Linkedin Vs Resume! What is positive and algae thesis, helpful about the term is, as we have asserted, the clear link it makes between audiovisual creativity and linkedin vs resume, reflective research/scholarship. Its principal pitfall has been discerned, recently, by Volker Pantenburg at the conference Critical Theory, Film and Media: Where is Frankfurt Now? in August 2014, during a presentation titled ‘Essayism and its Discontents’. Friendship And Trust Essay! Pantenburg argued that in celebrating the potential of the essay (in whichever medium) to be digressive, reflective, subjective, and so forth, we court the risk of freezing and reifying it into a genre with fixed characteristics – a paradoxical and indeed self-defeating gesture, since it amounts to a way of regularising and codifying what is meant to be surprising, inventive, and boundary-breaking. The aspiration to see and linkedin, hear anew through the online, invention of new forms is salutary; the enumeration of a recipe for cooking this up is less so. As Pantenburg (alongside Hito Steyerl in 2011) reminds us, the essay came into linkedin vs resume, being not only with the famous, founding reflectivity/subjectivity of Montaigne, but very shortly after with the ‘moral instructions’ of Francis Bacon.

Our commonplace experience today confirms this sometimes self-cancelling duality: while the essay-as-experiment triumphantly belongs to the tradition of Roland Barthes, Judith Williamson, Walter Benjamin, Christa Wolf, or Ross Gibson, the essay-as-business-as-usual, the conservative and do my essays, normative op-ed ‘think piece’, belongs to Clive James, Peter Fuller, James Wolcott, and a thousand other high-end journalists (sad confirmation of this can be found in James’ treatment of radical essayists including Benjamin and Marker in his appalling 2007 bestseller Cultural Amnesia ). After all, the extremely schematic, rule-bound assignments that our students are taught to write are also called essays – often duly expunged of what Adrian Miles has rightly and enthusiastically inventoried as the essay’s finest propensities toward ‘disjunction, exploration, asides, rambles, excursus, and even digression’.[3] Again, the drive to practice what we academically preach stands to gain much from a concerted push into thoroughgoing audiovisualism. In this inaugural audiovisual essay section we have curated two very different works that give a sense of the possibilities currently sparking to life across the two ends of the spectrum we have sketched out. Found Found Found (2014) is a digital essay by the celebrated Dutch-Australian avant-garde film artist Dirk de Bruyn, who has recently been the subject of the documentary The House That Eye Live In (Steven McIntyre, 2014). Vs Resume! Found Found Found might be seen to be taking as its point of departure the type of ‘personal travel diary’ which is mfa creative writing best a hallowed tradition in avant-garde cinema – especially as associated with Jonas Mekas who, increasingly today, approaches his own very intimately shot footage as a vast archive to revisit and linkedin, re-edit. Graad 1 Listhesis! The title Found Found Found flips that of Mekas’ famous poetic film-essay Lost Lost Lost (1976) – but this fond homage/allusion is also a trenchant critique of a particular cinematic tradition, since the ‘world viewed’ by today’s audiovisual essayist has transformed itself so profoundly in the intervening four decades. Irony looms: what or who is exactly ‘found’ in de Bruyn’s piece? Mixing, as he has done for linkedin, some 35 years, an immersion in kid friendly essays media theory (Marshall McLuhan, Guy Debord, and particularly Vilem Flusser) with the free-play of abstract, structural, and poetic forms, de Bruyn produces a meditation on the type of ceaseless loss (of a sense of self, of geo-physical co-ordinates, and vs resume, of social values) produced by a neo-capitalist world premised on kid friendly essays, international travel, social mobility, and all-pervasive communications networks.

Its ‘argument’ is channelled all at once through a montage of visual and sonic fragments (many recorded by linkedin, his digital camera) and through the sensations produced by light, colour, and rhythm. As ever, de Bruyn’s audiovisual art challenges us to think dynamically in frames, pixels, and micro-seconds, relentlessly tumbling one upon the next – to be a part of the sensorial, media-saturated world as it is experienced, on the move, but also to somehow get outside of mfa creative online best, it and view the logic of its ideological power structures. Laura Lammer is a student in the Department of Theatre, Film and Media Studies at Goethe University, Frankfurt. As a participant in our practical/theoretical class on vs resume, the audiovisual essay she produced a kinetic reflection on friendship and trust, the ‘Apocalypse Trilogy’ of U.S. Vs Resume! filmmaker Gregg Araki, using only short samples layered and treated within a digital editing program. Her Smells Like Armageddon Day – Dreamlike Settings and Magnified Trash (2014) bypasses an excessive dependence on text-as-instruction in order to deliver its analysis through the from, careful arrangement, in multiple fragments and two major clusters, of the vs resume, main strategies in Araki’s cinema as Lammer sees them: first, the often garishly-coloured environments in which his characters live; second, the types of fetish-objects that he presents in eye-popping, close-up inserts. Lammer’s piece offers a clear case of something that an audiovisual essay can do which a written piece, no matter how detailed or brilliant, can scarcely touch: even the typical journalistic words I have just used (‘garish’ and ‘eye-popping’) do scant justice to the design-assault of colour, tone, shape, gesture, and vocal inflection that Lammer accumulates and 1 listhesis, co-ordinates in vs resume her montage. Through her work we can get closer analytically not only to what Araki’s films materially are but also to mfa creative writing best, what a neo-cinephilic, subcultural taste for his type of cinema means and feels like, especially when scored to the music she selected.

Smells Like Armageddon Day renews the vs resume, possibilities for thinking in and through what has too often been hastily dismissed since the mid-1980s as the degraded ‘MTV-style’ music clip. NECSUS is far from acting alone as an do my essays academic journal in acknowledging this current ‘moment’ of the rise of the audiovisual essay.[4] Clearly it is spreading in many directions at once – and this is linkedin vs resume all to the good. By tentatively circumscribing one spectrum or continuum of the field for the purposes of this section – with digital, found footage collage at one end and the film/media essay at the other – we hope to orient the resume kfc malaysia, thoughts and works of our contributors and readers toward those audiovisual possibilities that actively produce knowledge and linkedin, ideas via the do my essays, multiple paths of performative, material research. Corrigan, T. The essay film: From Montaigne, after Marker . London: Oxford University Press, 2011. Godard, J.-L. Introduction to a true history of cinema and television . Montreal: Caboose, 2014. James, C. Linkedin Vs Resume! Cultural amnesia: Notes in the margin of my time . London: MacMillan, 2007. Lebow, A (ed.). Graad! The cinema of me: The self and subjectivity in vs resume first person documentary . London: Wallflower, 2012. Miles, A. ‘Materialism and Interactive Documentary: Sketch Notes’, forthcoming in Studies in Documentary Film , 2014. Accessed via academia.edu.

Rascaroli, L. The personal camera: Subjective cinema and the essay film . Order Online! London: Wallflower Press, 2009. Steyerl, H. ‘The Essay as Conformism? Some Notes on linkedin, Global Image Economies’ in Der Essayfilm . Asthetik und Aktualitat , edited by S. Kramer and T. Tode. Konstanz, 2011. [1] See Lebow 2012, Corrigan 2011, and Rascaroli 2009, among others. [2] Godard 2014, p. Do My Essays! xxxviii. [4] Cinema Journal and Media Commons have sponsored [in]Transition (http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/intransition/), which is in its third issue. One of that journal’s editors, Catherine Grant, via the REFRAME research platform of University of Sussex, has spearheaded an invaluable web resource titled The Audiovisual Essay (http://reframe.sussex.ac.uk/audiovisualessay/). The latter includes the linkedin vs resume, proceedings of the conference Audiovisual Essay: Practice and Theory which was held in November 2013 in Frankfurt and organised by algae, the present authors through Goethe University.

These recent events and publications build upon previous special issues of Frames (Issue 1, 2012) on ‘Film and Moving Image Studies Re-born Digital?’ (http://framescinemajournal.com/?issue=issue) and the dossier in Filmidee (Issue 5, 2012) on vs resume, ‘Pratiche del videosaggio’ (http://www.filmidee.it/archive/34/category/144/category.aspx). We should not forget the friendship essay, ongoing, vibrant focus upon audiovisual production in extra-academic, cinephilic endeavours including Transit (http://cinentransit.com/), Press Play (http://blogs.indiewire.com/pressplay/) at Indiewire , Photogenie (http://www.photogenie.be/photogenie_blog/), the linkedin vs resume, Vimeo group Audiovisualcy (https://vimeo.com/groups/audiovisualcy), and the online extras provided by Sight Sound as well as movie-streaming enterprises such as MUBI (https://mubi.com/notebook), Fandor (http://www.fandor.com/keyframe/category/daily), and graad 1 listhesis, the ‘Tan lejos, tan cerca’ section of Filmin (https://www.filmin.es/blog/tag/Tan+lejos%2C+tan+cerca). We would like to thank the vs resume, following partners for their support: The electronic version of NECSUS_European Journal of Media Studies is published in Open Access and is therefore free and online, accessible to the public. We feature PDF downloads to aid referencing and there will also soon be a Print on Demand option.

Please consider the environmental costs of printing versus reading online.