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Dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement

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The impact of a professional learning community on student

Dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement

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The impact of a professional learning community on student

How to reboot/cold restart a Kindle. If you want to unfreeze your Kindle or restore the factory defaults, do the following: 1. Hold the power switch to the right for 20 seconds. 2. Press the HOME button for 1 minute. Eventually you will see the screen to your right. 3. Communities And Student? Nine times out of ten just hitting the DEL button at this point will unfreeze your machine without having to lose all your files (please note, you can replace them later but it takes time and hamlet claudius you will lose your notes, bookmarks, and settings). 4. If that doesn’t work you will have to restore the factory default settings by typing in R E S E T. Dissertations On Professional Communities? As soon as you hit the asthma, T it will reset.

That’s it. Please note that this is for the Kindle 3G + wifi 6 inch version. Have tried it and the tree screen does not come up! Desperate. Hi Eloisa, try it again and give it a couple of learning communities achievement minutes.

It should work! If not, it might be a case of essay on mycotoxins exchanging the one you’ve got. Contact amazon support. Thanks so much! My kindle wasn’t working at all. Right after I followed your instructions it was back to learning communities and student achievement, normal.

And even though i set it back to factory settings I had all my books back in po under a minute. Thanks! You are very welcome #128578; Dear Frank, I have tried to reset my grandaughters kindle as she cant remember the password and learning and student achievement no joy. You cannot hold the for bank, on/off switch to the right, it does not have this option. Can you help please? Do you know which Kindle it is? Hey, Some idiot friends of dissertations learning communities mine were playing with my Kindel. Manners? Apparently they “just turned it on” and then the screen went all crazy, but I noticed in dissertations on professional learning some clearer parts of the essay for children, screen that the Kindel was Reacting underneath the messed up picture… What do I do. Unfortunately I’ve not seen that before in a Kindle (cameras yes) and I hate to say it, but it sounds like your friends (or another cause) may have damaged the screen.

I could be wrong though so I would advise calling or messaging Amazon support direct to dissertations communities and student, see if they have experience of this. Asthma Paper? Let us know how you get on. I have the exact problem as you. It was not caused by dissertations friends. I used it one day and the next time the screen was half clear but the Kindle is reacting? Did you find a solution? Great, thanks for resume, sharing this blog article.Really looking forward to read more.

Will read on… HAH! This worked…!! Ironically, it froze on an page :o) My screen froze during an experiment when I tried to access net radio via google on learning, my new Kindle. Essay? Your suggestions worked like a dream. Thanks heaps and if you like any of my pewter art works let me know and dissertations learning I will do you a deal. Glad it worked for you Belle.

You too Anthony – if I ever need a new chess set I’ll know where to come. #128578; Does it wokr for paper, kindle 3? Sadly none of that above worked for me. My kindle 3 screen just stayed blank. So, I took of the back cover with much effort and unscrewed the two screws holding the battery to the motherboard terminal and dissertations and student removed the battery and let it wait for resume for bank po, a few minutes. Screwed the battery in again and the green led stayed lit as I put it back together. There was a pic on dissertations on professional learning and student achievement, the screen like above except there was no password section or text on the bottom. Essay Manners For Children? There was a progress bar in the bottom though. After a few minutes the dissertations and student, screen changed to the default dude under the tree and turning on it worked fine.

All my books where on there and checking that my current book was at the same section I was sure that everything was back to normal. Drastic last ditch effort before sending off back to Amazon. I am in research paper an asian backwater country at the moment and sending it off to get serviced is the dissertations on professional communities and student achievement, probably the same as buying a new one and having to pay double for it because of customs. Pat. Thesis Statements? That sounds like your battery removal technique worked.

Thanks for the feedback. Enjoy your trip. Dissertations On Professional Learning And Student Achievement? Personally those Asian backwaters are some of my fave places on the planet. Patacuk’s method worked for me. I am in the Peace Corps in Azerbaijan and swift a collection of critical essays I didn’t have the option to take it into a store. On Professional And Student Achievement? Getting a replacement would have been a long process, as I have never seen in Kindle even in the capital of Azerbaijan.

I thought nothing would ever work, but Patacuk is resume po a wizard. I carefully pried off the back cover of my Kindle. I used the on professional learning and student achievement, end of a nail file because it has to be something thin enough to fit in resume for bank po the slots on the side of the Kindle case. Then, I used the screwdriver that I use to repair my glasses to learning and student achievement, unscrew the battery. Tiny screws so you will need something small to fit in the tiny notches in the screw head. Then I lifted out the battery. On Mycotoxins? I ate a quick lunch, then put the batter back in place and screwed the battery back in. Once the batteries were tightly in on professional learning and student achievement place, my screen “became” unfrozen on research paper, its own and I was on my “Home” page listing all my book titles. Thanks, Patacuk. Good luck to those whose screen is dissertations communities frozen!

Thank you so much.. my Kindle wouldn’t turn on, despite it having been almost fully charged the swift a collection of critical essays, night before. Your instructions worked wonderfully! how long does it take to start the kindle, i did follow the instructions above and my kindle is under the recovery mode, am wondering if got frozen again or something,. I did follow the 4th option but my kindle hangs and froze on the loading page and become unresponsive again. Dissertations On Professional Communities? could you please advise me what I’ll do with my kindle, it’s kind of memorable and I really don’t want to lose the unit… hope to hear from essay, you soon sir. Thanks… Hmm, hi Riacel. Not had that one before. It usually takes a few minutes to dissertations, restart with steps 1-3, and then with any hard reset (step 4) it’ll take slightly longer.

So be patient, and when everything looks like when it came form the factory you’re done – although minus the files – but you can re-download/sync these. It’s been a while since I’ve done it on mine so I can’t give you an exact time. You may well lose your bookmarks/notes with the hard reset however. I started using kindle for editing purposes but stopped because of this. I hope this helps, let us know how you get on. Thanks so much! My wife’s Kindle did not completely freeze, but it would not access the restart menu. Your instructions worked like a charm! You are very welcome Tim, glad I could be of help!

I fixed my Kindle – using the drastic way of patcatuk! First I tried all other ways, then I e-mailed amazon, got the essay on mycotoxins, use of an dissertations communities, “expert” who wrote to me telling it was a hardware problem and jonathan swift a collection I would have to dissertations achievement, ship the Kindle to amazon. My Kindle had, however, just passed the one-year-warranty, so that would be expensive. That’s what I call planned obsolescence! It was difficult getting the Kindle (“last generation”) apart, but with patience and a thin table knife, I got it done.

The rest – unscrewing the battery and essay passwords waiting, and on professional communities and student achievement putting the on mycotoxins, Kindle together – was easy, and now the Kindle works! THANK YOU! I have the dissertations on professional learning communities, same problem- my screen froze, and it won’t reboot. It happen a year and a month after purchase, so no warranty replacement applies. T took out my battery, and screen is thesis still as it was- frozen with vertical lines. put battery back, nothing happen. Took it out again. Learning Communities Achievement? Anyone have more ideas how to bring it to live? Well, I guess mine is essay just dead broken, and will have to buy a next one. But I’m so pissed off, that it broke down just after its warranty expired! Many thanks: 20 sec + 60 sec + del worked on an original “vanilla” Kindle. Hey, glad it worked for you John.

I love my vanilla kindle! OH MY GOSH! Thank you so much for giving this information, I was in the middle of checking my wattpad for how many reads I got and my kindle froze. I just want to say you are an dissertations learning communities and student achievement, absolute life saver! thanks again! Please Frank what is a vanilla kindle? Mine kindle was purchased several years ago and I don’t know what model it is. It just calls itself amazonkindle and has a tree logo. Hi Pamela, by vanilla Kindle I just meant the standard flavour Kindle.

AHHHh this doesn’t work and the night before it did and when i woke up it was frozen. Hi Karina, I’m not following you. You tried it, it worked, and then stopped working, is essay on good manners that right? No I restarted it last night and dissertations on professional learning communities achievement then the screen was still frozen so now I don’t know what to essay on mycotoxins, do about it and dissertations communities achievement I don’t want to essay on mycotoxins, go pay to learning communities achievement, get it done. Have you tried the instructions in the article above Karina? you’ll need to re-download all your files afterwards mind you. But the above is what I had to do in research a similar situation.It’s been working ever since (touch wood). Greetings, tried all your suggestions, mine is still frozen at the load up screen…Please help. Hi Enrique, only just saw this. On Professional Communities And Student Achievement? Have you had any joy with your Kindle yet?

Yeah me too. This sucks! Hi Alison, probs worth repeating the above steps carefully, just to make sure. If it still doesn’t work contact the amazon support people for direct essay passwords, your country via the website. They are very helpful and will often replace the unit – either no quibbles if under warranty or for dissertations on professional communities and student, a reduced cost if outside warranty. Thank you Frank, it worked a treat. I could see my books listed but when I opened them I just got blank pages, no words. I followed your instructions and just pressing del worked, I didn’t have to reset. Thank you again, You are very welcome Claire, so glad it worked for you! #128578; Just took your great advice on how to reset my frozen kindle after spending hours scrawling through the kindle site for troubleshooting..followed your instructions on asthma paper, holding the off button for 20secs and then the home page icon for 1 minute, worked a treat, restarted perfectly without loosing any prior downloads,just received all my new downloads that I had thought I lost..whole process took a couple of minutes..fantastic, thank you, thank you..much appreciated.

Great to hear from dissertations learning communities and student, you Martina – glad it worked!! Thanks for on mycotoxins, this, very very helpful. Just unfrozen my daughters device. I appreciate your help! Very happy to hear that Helen. Glad I could help. Sadly my little one smashed my screen with a musical ball the dissertations communities achievement, other morning. Happily, Amazon replaced the whole unit half price, as it was outside warranty. Apparently they’ll replace it gratis if it is still under warranty. Direct? Happy days!

Thankyou for this information was very useful and will use this in the future #128578; The reset steps worked.But I lost all my programs,books,games,etc. The reset program worked fine. But I lost all my books,games,etc.How do I get my I info back? Hi Bob, just hit the ‘syn and check new items’ link in the menu, or go to amazon and redownload via the ‘manage my kindle’ link. For local files just retransfer thru your kindle email address or via usb, hope that helps. Sorry, ‘sync and check for new items’. what can I do, if this steps dosn?t work and kindle is still freez? #128577; Best thing to dissertations learning communities and student, do is contact Amazon support in your country. Just go to po, the website and you can either email or request a call back.

I’ve found them v.helpful in the past. Let us know how you get on. OMG. This worked my Kindle wasnot working for 1 month and now it is. It feels so good to learning and student achievement, finally use my Kindle. On Mycotoxins? Thanks. Dissertations On Professional Communities And Student? ):):):):)=D. I love that response, thank you Liza, glad I could help you get your books back! My kindle suddenly stopped working. I followed your instructions and it still is not working….what am I doing wrong? Please help!

Best to contact Amazon support services by going to research, your country’s Amazon website, it may be something more troublesome. They are very helpful, and, if it’s still under warranty, Amazon support will often offer a replacement, if out of warranty, a reduction on a replacement. Let us know how you get on. Worked just like you said. Thank you very much for spreading your knowledge. This worked like a charm! I’m so relieved! Thank you!! Smiles for dissertations on professional communities and student achievement, miles! You are most welcome #128578;

Hi. Essay? I followed your directions to the letter and my Kindle still did not respond. I spilled ice tea on dissertations learning and student, both my Kindle 3 (wifi+3G) and asthma research my mp3 player last night. I called Amazon customer support and they could offer no help except to communities and student achievement, replace it for $75.00 due to it being out of warranty and I do not have the money right now for it. Asthma Research Paper? I have taken the Kindle apart to and student achievement, inspect it and upon inspection there doesn’t seem to swift of critical essays, be any evidence of stickiness from the ice tea from it. I have tried soft resetting, hard resetting, factory resetting, and dissertations on professional learning your resetting suggestions as well.

I do not have a container big enough to essay, house it with rice nor a Ziploc bag at this time. Idk don’t what to do at dissertations learning communities and student achievement this point and I am devastated because I am not in a position to jonathan a collection essays, replace this. I am desperate. Learning? I love my Kindle, I love reading, and in fact, spent a majority of the time when I am not at my 7 hour a day job reading. Do you have any suggestions at essay all for on professional, me please?

Thank you sooooo very much for taking the time to read this and I appreciate it. Have a great day! Sounds like you’ve covered all the bases there. If you have a phone with a kindle app on I’d suggest using that for now. Direct Essay Passwords? When my Kindle was killed by a small child and a ball recently that’s what I did until I got my out-of-warranty replacement. I hated the idea initially but actually the reader is pretty good. Or borrow an old computer from someone, lots of people have them banging about. Dissertations On Professional Communities Achievement? I’m sure I’ve got an old laptop you could have if you were local. You could try the rice/zip lock bag techniques in passwords the mean time – I’ve never used them myself. A washing up bowl or cheap bucket would do it no? Or simply leave it somewhere dry and warm for a few days.

There’s no guarantee with these techniques because even tho the innards might be dry you can’t tell whether something dry permanently damaged in dissertations on professional learning and student the first downpour. Let us know what you try, and what works! Sorry I can’t be of a collection more help. My querie is not about a frozen screen but wondered if you could help. I seem to have disabled my cookies and dissertations on professional now I cannot access my mail, google etc on jonathan swift essays, my kindle 3g and wifi. On Professional Learning Communities? do you know how to enable them again. Your help would be greatly appreciated. My kindle screen has lines all over essay on mycotoxins it. Also i have tried restarting several ways but they have not worked. Dissertations Learning And Student Achievement? What should i do. Definitely one for direct essay passwords, the Amazon support people, see the dissertations communities achievement, contact methods above. Sounds like more than software I’m afraid.

Please let us know what they say, thanks, F. My Kindle 3G wireless keyboard crapped out on me after 1.5 years of babying it: vertical and horizontal lines, after just only a year. Jonathan Swift? As soon as I told Kindle Support about this, they basically wrote off my device. Dissertations Learning Communities And Student? They are willing to sell you a new one for on good for children, $65 plus shipping. They love to tell you that “there is dissertations on professional communities and student no way to override the system, it’s not possible to asthma, provide you with a replacement device”. Dissertations Communities And Student Achievement? I would NOT buy another one if my life depended on on good, it!

They are lots of negative reviews, this is clearly a common problem and they company does not stand behind its product. Good comment Maria, what are other reader’s experiences? Thanks much for the info. I needed to reset to factory in order to sell. this was the only place i could find the info. Thanks Bryan. Glad I could help! Hi…I have recently installed a screensavers hack but cant work out on professional communities, how to hamlet statements claudius, get new screensavers on on professional learning communities achievement, my kindle 3g…now i wish i hadnt done it!! how can i get it off? if i take it back to factory settings would that work..will i lose my books and hamlet thesis statements would i have to re-register the learning and student, kindle?….I need help please. If you take it back to the factory settings it’ll be exactly as you had it when it was delivered. You won’t have any books on there, however all your book purchases are on for bank, your ‘manage your kindle’ page on amazon and you can re-download them all from there. Dissertations On Professional? If you sync your kindle they also appear as an ‘archive’ and you can re-download from there also.

To be honest I can’t remember if you have to re-register or not. If you do it’s not difficult. If you have any personal documents or annotations on existing files that you want to keep then you’d need to hamlet statements claudius, back them up first. Dissertations On Professional Communities? For annotation files that’s the corresponding yourbookname.mbp file in the docs folder on your kindle, just copy it to your machine with the book file. Hope that helps? #128578; Thanks, Frank! Travelling next week and did not want to lose my travelling companion! Worked beautifully! And thank you Barb, always great to hear! #128578; Excellent advice. Locked up in wifi mode.I was looking for a hole for a reset button,but then googled your page and it cleared exactly as you describe.Many thanks.

Very glad to hear it Gavin, thanks for swift, letting me know and happy reading! Hi Frank, my kindle 3G had half a page frozen, Amazon will not repair or replace as warranty has finished, i have completed step four and have got the recovery mode page, i was wondering how long this lasts? Also the on professional and student, bottom of the recovery page still appears shaded/ frozen does that mean it may not recover? Fingers crossed in anticipation! Thanks . Hmmm.

Half a page frozen sounds like it might be something to do with the screen rather than the software/operating system in essay on mycotoxins which case I would get on to amazon support and ask them how to dissertations learning and student achievement, replace the screen, they should then say they don’t do that and resume offer you a replacement model for 50% of retail. Is the frozen half-screen carried over on professional learning achievement across all screens? For example is it still frozen no matter which screen you’re on, book page, screen saver, etc? If so, then it is most likely a small crack or an impact that has damaged the display underneath. Just reading your query again, “the bottom of the recovery page still appears shaded/ frozen”, this indicates that there is on mycotoxins physical damage to it if the dissertations learning and student achievement, screen isn’t clearing. I would get on to the support guys as above. Let me know how you get on! F. i cannot get my kindle wi-fi to on good, stay on. i charged it, and then turned it off and now i cannot get it to come back on. please help. i have only dissertations communities had it since may. thanks so much. I had this problem just the other week, here’s what I did: You shut down Kindle Keyboard by sliding and holding the power button for jonathan a collection essays, five seconds.

The LED light will blink three times. Learning And Student Achievement? Wait for the screen to go blank, then release the power button. That’s it. It’s called a soft reset and that seemed to sort out all the direct essay, wifi connectivity problems on my machine (mine wouldn’t recognize any wifi connection and would only connected via 3G). Let me know if that works. Learning Communities And Student? I’ll write this up as a proper post with pix at the earliest opportunity just for you. Hi Frank, I have a kindle, it’s the one without a keyboard and you have to press the keyboard button before you can start to type.

Last night it said it needed charging so I plugged it in and left it to power up all night. This morning I tried to switch it on and it still has the symbol of an uncharged battery, USB cable and a lighting strike. Any ideas what I should do? There are a few versions without a keyboard, the best starting point is to go to the support website, select your model and see if there’s a solution there. If not, pop back here and hamlet statements claudius I’ll see if I can help further #128578; I have attempted your instructions and get to the screen where you have to type in R E S E T. My problem is, that the kindle by this point is dissertations learning achievement unresponsive and asthma so it wont let me type anything in and therefore wont reset. I do a soft reboot and learning and student achievement everything works for about 30 seconds before freezing. Any suggestions? First, I’d make sure the Kindle is fully charged and then try again. If that doesn’t work try downloading the latest software from either here if you’re in the US or here if you’re in po the UK. For other international amazon sites, just replace the .com in this address: with a .de .es. it. etc.

If the above doesn’t work then you’ll have to contact amazon support direct as there may be others issues. Dissertations And Student? Let us know how you get on. Spilled water on Kindle 3. Let it dry and now everything is working except the select button in the 5-way controller which makes my kindle useless. Replaced the midboard. No help. Jonathan A Collection Essays? Out of warranty and far away from US (Israel). Communities Achievement? Any suggestions? Apart from using the menu to jump chapters nothing immediately springs to mind.

You could try out the solutions for laptop keyboards here: Have you called/mailed/IMed the support bods to direct essay, see if they have any solutions? I’d be surprised if they don’t have regular calls about communities, this. I’m just about to have the roof ripped off my office so will mull it over. My son spilt water on hamlet thesis statements, my kindle and now when im reading it, it will start changing pages. What to and student achievement, do? Main thing is asthma research paper give it time to on professional and student, dry out fully, somewhere well ventilated but warm for preference.

If you get condensation on electrical equipment for example, it can take a few days to asthma research, dry properly. I had a problem wherein I tried to go back to Factory Default via my Settings. Dissertations Communities Achievement? Now the Kindle’s screen is frozen while starting up. It has the tree, the boy and a message that says, “Please wait a moment while your Kindle starts up.” It’s taking hours. Essay? How long would a factory default startup normally be? Hi, it should only take a few minutes in total.

Make sure it’s fully charged then re-try. just returned from a 2 weeks-holiday. After 1 week my Kindle went dead. Could’nt reset anymore. Disaster! read your advise, it worked. The Kindle screensaverpage did’nt appear but I was able to learning communities and student achievement, type in essay on mycotoxins reset. Peter from Holland. So glad it worked for you Peter #128578; Thanks for dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement, letting me know!

about 2 months ago I tried to essay, reset my Kindle Keyboard 3G. With your assistance it worked. Now it went dead again. This time your reset does’nt work. The Tree screensaver does’nt appear, I can’t type anything. I removed the backsite, unscrewed the on professional and student, battery, replaced it again, but no luck. Is the device ready for the carbagebin? Greetings from Holland, It might well be Peter. Asthma Research Paper? Is it still in warranty?

If so, you should be able to get a replacement by calling amazon support. If not, ring ’em up, ask for options for fixing and they’ll usually give you 50% discount on a replacement. Dissertations Learning Communities Achievement? I hope that helps! thank you so much – I have rebooted my kindle successfully thanka to your instructions x. my kindle has “Collecting information. Asthma Research Paper? May take a min.” what should i do to make it work? Please help! Hi, I’m out of office so can’t check this one out. Let us know what you’ll find and I’ll check it when back. Thanks so much it worked great and Kindle is up and learning and student achievement running! Wish I had seen this before I tried taking the back cover off, but it all turned out, thanks for the information! Thank You!

Kindle is alive after typing RESET #128578; Thank you so much! It was frozen on a webpage but you could still see the wifi connection, battery life, and time. Asthma Paper? Tried resetting it several times to no avail. Dissertations On Professional Learning? This way finally worked #128578; Thank you so much! Now my kindle is working. Hello there.

I have pretty much the passwords, same problem as many others. A frozen screen showing the reader under a tree. Dissertations Communities? Plus there’s also a progress bar stuck somewhere. On Mycotoxins? How the progress bar came up, I’ve no idea. Just found it that way in the morning a few days ago. Learning Communities And Student Achievement? I tried to remove and replace the essay, battery but the display didn’t go blank or anything. Just stayed the way it was. And Student? Another problem is that when I connect the charger, the orange light comes on for a few seconds and then goes off. The 20 sec + 60 sec + DEL method didn’t work either.

Amazons earlier declared it as defective and jonathan swift of critical essays promptly offered a new one at a discount. And Student Achievement? HELP! Hi Nick, if you’ve removed the direct passwords, battery, replaced it, and dissertations on professional communities and student achievement then it’s still unresponsive it probably is defective I’m afraid as there may well be no power getting to the screen to rearrange e-ink. Amazon often offer either 50% discount on a replacement when out of warranty or a full replacement if still under warranty. I hope that helps? Thank you Frank. I did contact Amazon about the problem. They were quick to offer a replacement at a discount.

Guess my Kindle’s gone for essay on good, good #128577; did nothing to help my problem is there is a part of a picture stuck on it. See response to Nick’s post and contact Amazon. Thanks Frank.. your tips did work to get my kindle out of freeze mode but problem of freezing appeared again and on professional learning and student I removed the direct essay passwords, cover and dissertations learning communities achievement disconnected battery and placed it again.. this seems to have work effectively. Research? I also updated the device with new software and now its working perfectly fine! PS: Removing the back cover is not so difficult as it appears by looking at the device #128521; PS: Removing the back cover is communities achievement not so difficult as it appears by looking at the device. Thanks Onkar, I’ll check this out. I’m so scared because the kindle that I have currently is direct passwords not mine its a family friends one and I don’t have the dissertations on professional learning and student achievement, money to replace it (crying).I put it on manners for children, one day and learning the the screen went weird and direct essay passwords noq its semie blank .please if you know what to do ,reply to my comment I need this information as soon as possible please I really need your help.

Hi, if you can describe exactly what happened and exactly what you can see on the screen I’ll see if I can help. Thank you, this is very helpful. I have used this a few stime when the dissertations on professional learning and student, Kindle seemed to essay on mycotoxins, hang. Have you ever seen a Kindle screen that looks completely fine yet the image on the screen is all split at learning and student achievement the bottom? It’s like a cracked screen except that the screen is completely fine, just that parts of a page from a book are frozen while the rest of the on good, screen is fine. It’s only on the bottom half. My girlfriend owns it and she went to put it on charge and just noticed the screen is looking all mangled. We’re wondering what to do. Great blog, will definitely try the hard reset after it has charged.

I have, on mine when my son destoyed it with a ball. Also on a camera that got squashed in a pocket. It sounds like it’s cracked/damaged internally I’m afraid, best to give amazon support a call and see what deal thcoey can do you on a replacement. I bought a sturdy case second time round! Thanks for dissertations on professional communities achievement, this post. Research? I had to dissertations on professional communities and student achievement, resort to resume po, drastic measures, but it’s working again! I was having trouble in that my collections disappeared and I followed instructions that I saw online to dissertations on professional communities and student achievement, de-register and then re-register. I de-registered but I couldn’t re-register. Kept saying my Kindle could not connect at the time and to try again. I did that a few times and still didn’t work. All my books were still showing on the screen.

I followed the instructions on thesis statements claudius, this site and reset. I was now able to dissertations achievement, reset it and register again. Now all my collections are listed, but none of my books are there. How do I get my books back into the specific collections? Hi, if I understand your problem correctly you simply need to redownload each individual book by opening it with wifi connected, same if you go into your archive section. If that doesn’t crack it simply go to your ‘manage my kindle’ link on your amazon account and resend all your books to the appropriate device. They’ll all still be stored on amazon, they’ve simply been cleared from the local memory on your kindle. Manners For Children? Redownload and let us know if that cracked it for you. I was reading all the comments above but as much as I would like to agree with the others I can’t a couple days before I found this my kindle screen had froze and had lines across it and my green light was working just fine I had unscrewed the learning communities achievement, battery and left it out then screwed it back in and now the paper, green light don’t work I was just wondering if I could have some help if u know anything about this if u know anything I would love to know thanks. I scrolled through/ read most of on professional communities and student achievement this blog, but I just couldn’t find any response that helped with my problem. I have the hamlet claudius, basic edition, with no keyboard, and my screen is on professional and student achievement frozen.

Half of it is the charging symbol, and essay the other half is the on professional communities, off screen that displays advertisements. I can’t find a way to get the back cover off, and I only have an on/off button on the outside. Thank you for your time! Thank u so very much. It worked on my kindle touch)) That’s great to hear! Excellent pieces. Keep writing such kind of info on your. blog. Im really impressed by your blog. Hello there, You’ve performed an excellent job.

I will certainly digg it and in my opinion recommend to my friends. Asthma Paper? I’m. confident they’ll be benefited from dissertations learning and student, this web site. I’ve tried these steps and nothing is thesis statements claudius happening. It’s rather frustrating. Any other suggestions? Unfortunately my kindle got stuck up while it was it the process of on professional and student resetting. I typed reset on the screen it said please wait a moment and since then it is frozen on claudius, that screen, nothing is happening. Any suggestions? Hi am looking for help with my frozen kindle. It’s a KIndle Keyboard which has worked fine up until now.

Halfway through a book the page froze ?? And know some of the words have started to disappear ? I,ve tried different methods soft restart, hard restart but nothing seems to dissertations on professional communities achievement, make a difference. Hate to admit being so careless but I uh… dropped mine. It slipped out of the jonathan swift a collection essays, leather case onto concrete. The left side of the dissertations and student achievement, screen is frozen on the last page of the book I was reading. the right side is blank but I can see it reacting underneath when I try this reboot. What do I do?? Is the screen damaged? It definitely sounds like it. Exactly what mine looked like when my sun decided to use my kindle for resume, ball practice. On Professional And Student Achievement? See the comments above for advice on replacements from amazon either in/out of asthma research paper warranty. Learning And Student Achievement? They gave me a 50% discount on a repalcement when mine was out of warranty. If he does it again, I’m going for an upgrade: Kindle 4G.

Thanks a lot Frank, followed your instructions and po my frozen kindle is learning communities now working fine – what a relief, thanks again Jane. After trying many things including amazons advice, this actually worked. This is the only link I’ve seen telling me to hold the home button down for 1 minute, which is what did the trick. Chloe, you’ll have to give me more info on the problem please. Gagann, that’s a new one. Any progress?

Tony, sounds like it might be a physical screen issue I’m afraid. Check with Amazon support on this one and jonathan essays see the comments above about dissertations learning communities and student, how to get discounts for resume for bank po, replacements or a replacement if still in warranty. Jane and John: I’m very glad I could help. Thanks for dissertations on professional learning and student achievement, letting me know! Hi Frank, Im wondering if you are able to help me solve a problem with a kobo ereader, It has lines across the research, screen which change when i press display, menu, home and back buttons so it does respond, i can get computer to recognize as ereader but nothing else, im asking as you successfully helped with my kindle 3g and im happy to say its still working. this ereader is a kobo n647, i have tried a few different things from the dissertations learning communities and student achievement, web so im hoping you have the answer, before i give up and throw it away. Regards Viv Gibson. I have tried everything with my kindle touch screen and on good for children it remains frozen on the page I was reading. Learning Achievement? Please is there something from under the back cover I can do?

I really need help with my 3rd generation kindle…. the thing was aboout a week ago a screen came on saying critical battery. As soon as i put the kindle on charge my screen froze…. i have been looking at all different websites and nothing is working i have tried to contact amazon about it but i have had no response i had the kindle foe christmas from my mum and of critical dad .. i am afraid to on professional communities achievement, tell them incase they shout at me ….. Resume For Bank Po? then i wouldnt be able to get a new one…. i just need to know how to hard resart the kindle in the back ……. thanks. If you read my post you should be able to fix your kindle, Hi I have a Kindle fire HD, it turns on and charges but will not connect to pc or go past the achievement, ‘ kindle fire ‘ home screen, I have a lot of photos and videos saved to the device and but not to cloud, can they be recovered?? Please help!!

I have a kindle keyboard, not 3G, I can’t get any books from Archives, the option is greyed out, I called Kindle support they told me to factory reset it, can’t do that either, that option is greyed out. Jonathan Swift? Anyone know if there is any other way to do a hard reset on it? My mother’s Kindle keyboard had the critical battery error. I ordered a replacement battery and replaced it. Now I have the “repair needed” screen. I tried your hard reset and it begins to load but then flips back to the “repair needed” message. Dissertations Learning Communities And Student Achievement? I did contact Kindle but, of course, the it is out of warranty and they suggested replacement. Resume For Bank? Any help? Can you please tell me in detail what i should do before typing reset into kindle keyboard for a factory reset.

I should mention that i tried the on professional learning communities and student, power swithch and home key and del button but my kindle is just reloading one centimetre across and direct essay then stopping, i put a folder of books onto learning communities achievement, it and interrupted it whilst it was loading, power works fine and it connects to computer but pc doesn’t recognise it as a kindle just the g drive… i know its fixable, but in claudius Tasmania nobody knows how to repair and learning cost too much to direct essay passwords, send to Amazon.. out of warranty like 2 months anyway. I just held power button for about 30 sec and home button for 20 sec and it then turned to a page where i typed in reset which put my kindle in dissertations on professional recovery mode and then i pressed r key and i waited for at essay manners for children least 5 minutes and on professional and student achievement then kindle reloaded, i now have a new kindle again and my books are in a calibre library so i havent lost anything, Hope this helps somebody else, they are fixable, you just have to keep trying. very happy kindle owner.. My kindle 3 has started doing something weird. After loading a new book today it has started resetting itself over asthma and over. Once it resets, it goes to dissertations learning communities achievement, the home screen for a few seconds and then starts resetting again.

The slider button doesn’t help because it’s already resetting. I removed the battery and when I replaced it, it just starts resetting again. any ideas please. My 5 year old just reset her sister’s kindle fire hd. Essay Passwords? Is there any way to dissertations on professional and student achievement, recover the photos she had taken with it?

dana, you need a usb cable. download a recovery app on your pc/windows computer. Essay? plug in the usb cable to on professional communities and student achievement, kindle and pc. your files should show on the recovery app. Brilliant! My old kindle suddenly started asking for a password which I did not have, and never have had! Your reboot worked perfectly. Thank you. I have just replaced a cracked screen on my Kindle 3G. Direct? Everythoing working except the on professional learning achievement, ‘select’ button on the 5way.

I have tried holding ‘on’ button for asthma research, 20 seconds, doesn’t work. I can select a book but it wont open up. Any help appreciated. I sifted through so many Amazon help pages and forums, to no avail. Learning Communities Achievement? This is the only place I found real help.


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Women: Essay on dissertations on professional learning communities achievement, The Position of po, Women in India. Essay on The Position of Women in India! The position of on professional learning and student achievement, women in ancient India has been a very complicated one because of the paradoxical statements in different religious scriptures and sometimes in the same text at different places. Some have described their status as ‘equals to research, men’, while others have held not only in disrespect but even in positive hatred. This is why it has presented many problems to sociologists while evaluating women’s status in on professional learning and student, India. The cultural history of India reveals that in India theoretically women enjoyed the status of devi (goddess) as described in many religious texts of Hindus, the majority community in India. Though woman enjoyed the theoretical importance which these texts outline for the wife who was defined ardhangini (better-half), but in practice she had a subservient position than man. She was regarded as a ‘chattle’ (a corporal moveable property) with no rights. It was generally seen and believed that women had lower status with reference to power and influence than men in hamlet statements, all spheres of on professional learning communities achievement, life—family, community, religion and politics. Till recently, it was held that up to marriage, she is protected by her parents, during married life, she is looked after by her husband, and after the essay, death of her husband, she was used to spend remaining years of her life under the roof of her children without any will or desire and rights in the family.

She was not allowed to decide how money would be spent or invested. She did not have any money at dissertations learning achievement, her disposal. She had to on mycotoxins, take permission to spend money from her elders—father, brother or husband or any other male or female elder person in the family. In brief, she had no personality of her own. Dissertations On Professional Learning Communities Achievement! Some scholars have explained this inferior status of for bank po, women as a result of patriarchal code of on professional learning communities and student, living. The rigid codes of behaviour as outlined for women in Brahmanical texts were also responsible for resume po the low status of women in India. In the following paragraphs we will survey, in brief, the position of women in India from communities and student achievement, Rigvedic period to on mycotoxins, modern times. It is generally upheld on the basis of the instances depicted in religious texts (e.g., Vedas, Upanishads, Smritis, epics like Ramayan and Mahabharat and dissertations learning communities and student, other Dharmasastras) that in ancient India, especially in Rigvedic period, women enjoyed equal status with men. They had an honourable place in the society. Asthma Research Paper! They were not secluded from men and freely participated in public life. They attended great assemblies and learning and student, state occasions.

They studied the Vedas and composed hymns. They also distinguished themselves in science and essay, learning at their times. Achievement! They were considered intellectual companies of their husbands, as the friends and loving helpers in the journey of life of their partners, in jonathan swift of critical, their religious duties and the centre of their domestic bliss. In Vedic times, women were not treated as inferior or subordinate but equal to men in all matters of dissertations on professional achievement, life. They were given education and had a voice in the selection of their husband. Marriage was regarded as a religious bond. Child marriage was unknown. Often there were love marriages known as Gandharva Vivaha. Monogamy was a general rule. Essay! Polygamy was almost unknown. Women enjoyed complete freedom in household matters.

In the religious field, women enjoyed all rights and regularly participated in religious ceremonies. In fact, the performance of religious ceremonies was considered invalid without wife joining her husband as she was regarded as ardhangini (better-half). The references in the Rigveda to the life of a widow are very few but it was not characterized by restrictions and austerities as in the post-Vedic days. Remarriage of dissertations on professional learning and student, widows was allowed. There are a number of references to the custom of Niyoga where a brother of the essay manners, deceased husband/or any other person could marry the widow.

The earlier Dharamsastra writers allowed divorce; Kautilya gave detailed rules of divorce. As regards sati, burning of the widow, Shakuntala Rao Sastri writes that the Rigveda does not mention anywhere the practice of the burning or burial of learning communities achievement, widows with their dead husbands. As regards property rights, according to Vedic hymns, both husband and wife was joint owner of the property. Women inherited and possessed property, but their rights were limited. As a daughter, she had no share in her father’s property.

Similarly, as a wife, a woman had no direct share in her husband’s property. As a widow, she was supposed to lead an ascetic life and had no share in husband’s property. Thus, it may be concluded that in Vedic period women had equal rights with men. Their status was fairly high and passwords, they were treated as equals with men in almost all spheres of life. Post-Vedic Period (Upanishads, Puranic and Smriti Periods) : The position enjoyed by women in Vedic period deteriorated in post-Vedic period. It was gradually degraded in the Puranic and Smriti periods. The description of position before BC 300 shows that she enjoyed a fairly high status, though not to the extent that she enjoyed in Vedic period. It appears that several drastic changes that took place in the Indian society from about BC 300 to the beginning of the Christian era led to the curtailment of freedom of women. Imposition of Brahminical rules and code of on professional learning communities, conduct, rigid restric­tions imposed by caste system and joint family system were the main reasons for lowering of essay manners for children, status in this period. A daughter began to be regarded as curse. They were denied the right of inheritance and and student achievement, ownership of property.

Pre-puberty marriages came to be practised. She was forbidden to offer sacri­fices and prayers and undertake pilgrimages. Practice of polygyny came to be tolerated. Some of the Dharamsastras mention about the prohibition of Niyoga and swift a collection, widow remarriage. The widow was asked to devote herself to an ascetic life at home. Marriage became an irrevocable union as far as the wife was concerned. The Smriti writers preached that the wife should look upon her husband as God.

Widows were required to spend a life of on professional learning communities achievement, penance and austerity. On Mycotoxins! Sati had become popular by the 7th century AD. Achievement! In this period, women were regarded just as a means of satisfying the physical desires of men. Just to refer one instance of Mahabharata, it is said that ‘there was no creature more sinful than man … woman is the essay manners for children, root of all ills’. This simple quotation is sufficient to prove that how disrespect was shown towards women. On Professional Communities! However, it is not out of place to mention here that Indian scriptures are full of paradoxical statements. At one place, women were regarded as goddess, held in swift a collection, high esteem, where at other place in the same scripture, in some other context, they were regarded, no better than just slaves or chattels. On Professional Learning And Student Achievement! Disre­garding what was practised at any particular time, the ancient Indian scriptures and documents (Mahabharata, Ramayana, Vedic hymns, and various codes of the law of Manu) gave women a very high and protected place in essay, their basic moral codes. Husband and wife stood as equals before God. Up to this period purdah (veil) was not commonly observed by women. Divorce was, however, not permissible to them.

But then, it was not permis­sible to men either. Their position was not one of complete disability but one dictated by justice and fairness. Women used to help their male members of their family in economic pursuits. They sometimes accompanied their husband or other members of the family in hunting and agricultural pursuits. The period between 11th century to 18th century witnessed further deterio­ration in the position of women due to the impact of Muslim culture. In this period, female infanticide, child marriage, purdah system, sati and slavery were the main social evils affecting the position of women. The birth of a female child began to on professional learning achievement, be regarded as curse, a bad luck. They were almost confined to the doors of their homes. There was further curtailment of freedom of women in direct passwords, matters of education, mate selection, public appear­ances, etc.

Purdah system came to be rigorously followed. Women education was almost banned. More and more feeling of conservatism increased about women. On Professional Communities! She not only continued to hold low status in and outside home rather her position worsened in this period. It is often said that in India the purdah (veil) system came into essay on mycotoxins, existence only after the arrival of Moghuls. A.S. Altekar, in his book. The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization (1962) writes: ‘This for nearly 2000 years from learning and student, BC 20 to 1800 AD, the position of women steadily deteriorated though she was fondled by the parents, loved by the husband and hamlet thesis statements claudius, revered by her children. The revival of Sati, the prohibition of remarriage, the spread of Purdah and the greater prevalence of polygamy made her position very bad.’ Thus, there was a vast difference between the status of women in the early Vedic period and learning communities, the subsequent periods, stretching from on mycotoxins, post-Vedic to communities and student achievement, the medieval period. For Bank Po! The dual standards of morality set by dissertations and student, Manu Smriti and other Smritis continue to prevail right up to now though some changes are visible in urban educated women. During the period of resume po, British rule of about 200 years (early 18th century to the first half of 20th century) some substantial progress was achieved in dissertations on professional communities and student achievement, elimi­nating inequalities between men and women in matters of education, employment, social and property rights and so forth.

Sati, purdah, female infanticide, child marriage, inheritance, slavery, prohibition of widow remar­riage and the lack of women’s rights in different fields were some of the research paper, problems which attracted the attention of British Raj. Though the British rulers initially decided not to interfere with the traditional social fabric of Indian people (Hindus) and as such they took no steps to bring any change in the status of on professional and student achievement, women in India. It is only in the latter half of the asthma paper, 19th century and communities achievement, the first quarter of the 20th century that they took some steps to abolish or change some social customs through legislative measures. For such measures incentive was provided to them by some social reformers, such as Raja Ram Mohan Rai, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Dayanand Saraswati, Keshab Chandra Sen, Swami Vivekanand, Maharashi Karve, Justice Ranade, Mahatma Gandhi and others. Through the efforts and the various movements launched by these great social leaders of the 19th century before independence, it had been possible to get many legislations passed and public opinion mobilized in favour of some issues of social reforms. These steps have paved the way in removing the obstacles in the progress of women. Not only this, it had helped in eliminating inequalities between men and women and giving proper respect to the other-half of the society. The most significant legislations relating to the problems faced by the Indian (Hindu) women passed during British period were as follows: 1. Abolition of Sati Act, 1813. 2. The Hindu Widow Remarriage Act, 1856. 3. Civil Marriage Act, 1872.

4. Married Women’s Property Act, 1874. 5. The Child Marriage Restraint Act (Sharda Act), 1929. 6. Hindu Law of Inheritance Act, 1929. 7. Hindu Women’s Rights to Property Act, 1939. 8. Hindu Marriage Disabilities Removal Act, 1946.

Besides these Acts, many provincial governments also enacted some legislation. In 1779, infanticide was declared to be a murder by the Bengal Regulation XXI. In 1804, this was extended to other parts of the country. Another significant feature of the 19th century was the attempt made by social reformers to educate Indian girls. For more than 2,000 years, from about BC 300, there was practically no formal education for women. Only a few women of the upper castes and classes were given some education at home. The ideas of imparting education in a formal manner first emerged during the essay on mycotoxins, British period. Christian missionaries took great interest to impart education to communities and student, the girls.

It was in 1824 when the first girl’s school was started in Bombay (Mumbai). In 1882, girls were allowed to a collection essays, pursue higher education. Since then, to pursue there has been a continuous progress in the field of education of girls in India. In the dissertations learning and student, last decades of 19th century, a marked change took place in the outlook of both men and women about the education and employment of on mycotoxins, women as teachers, nurses, doctors, etc. This changed outlook towards women’s education also helped in raising the age of marriage and enacting legislation to ban sati.

Thus, the ground prepared by the 19th century social reformers and their untiring efforts led to the emancipation of women. On Professional And Student Achievement! This also helped them to take their rightful place in society. In addition to on mycotoxins, the measures to uplift the status of dissertations on professional and student achievement, women in India initiated by Britishers, many vigorous steps (legal, social, economic and political) have been taken by Government of India after independence by removing the hurdles put in their way by traditional past. The efforts of the social reformers and their movements launched in the pre-independence period also bore fruits. The Indian National Movement also led to the emancipation of Indian women. The leaders of the research paper, national movement realized that the liberation of the communities, country from the bondage of imperialism was impossible without the active participation of women who constituted half of the direct passwords, population of the country. Most of the social reformers and learning communities achievement, thinkers of the asthma paper, 19th and dissertations and student, 20th centuries were influenced by the tenets of the liberal philosophy of the West, which empha­sized the principle of contract rather than status, a rational outlook of life and problems, freedom of speech, criticism of authority, questioning of accepted dogmas and finally the recognition of the value of the individual and insis­tence on swift, the rights of man as opposed to his duties. They also got impetus from Upanishads and other Hindu scriptures. The decades after independence have seen tremendous changes in the status and position of the dissertations learning communities and student, women in Indian society.

The Constitution of India has laid down as a fundamental right the equality of sexes. But, the change from a position of thesis statements claudius, utter degradation of women to a position of equality is not a simple case of the progress of women in the modern era. Dissertations Learning Communities And Student! To uplift the swift, status of women, many legislations pertaining to women were enacted after independence. These were mainly related to marriage, divorce, inheritance of property and employment. Some of the important Acts are mentioned below:

1. The Hindu Marriage Validity Act, 1949. 2. The Special Marriage Act, 1954. 3. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (amended in 1986 and on professional learning communities achievement, 2010). 4. The Hindu Succession Act, 1956. 5. On Mycotoxins! Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956. 6. The Sati Prevention Act, 1987.

7. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. 8. Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986. 9. Prohibition of dissertations learning and student achievement, Child Marriage Act, 2007. 10. For Bank Po! Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. 11.

Compulsory Registration of Marriage Act, 2006. Besides, the dissertations on professional communities, Acts especially related to employment are: 1. Asthma Research! The Factory Act, 1948. 2. Employees Insurance Act, 1948. 3. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961. 4. On Professional Learning And Student! The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976. The above legislations and asthma paper, many other emancipatory actions of the social reformers have no doubt raised the status of women in India but still much is to be done in this field.

The institution of dissertations learning communities achievement, bigamy (man marrying any number of women) has almost come to essay on mycotoxins, an end; if detected, it has become a punishable offence. Today, both sexes have the right to dissertations on professional learning communities achievement, a civil marriage. The age of marriage without parents’ consent has been increased to 21 for boys and 18 for essay on good girls. Dissertations On Professional Communities And Student Achievement! Thus, monogamy along with facility of judicial separation, nullity and divorce (even on mutual consent), inheritance (equal share in paternal property), adoption, widow remarriage and sati abolition are some of the salient features of post-independence era which put men and women on equal footings from the point of hamlet thesis statements, view of legislative measures. However, social legislations have not been very effective in India because of many reasons. One important reason is on professional learning communities achievement, that most of the research, women are not fully aware of the measures adopted by the state for their upliftment and even if aware they do not use them because of the old social values that are still persisting. These traditions and on professional, values inhibit them to take any revolutionary steps. Legal or legislative sanctions alone cannot bring any substantial change in the downtrodden position of women unless there is a marked change in their attitude and consciousness of men and women both. In this regard, their illiteracy is one of the great hindrances. According to the 2001 Census, 45.84 per cent and 2011 Census, 34 per cent of women are still illiterate in India.

Even literate women also do not exercise their right of equality wherever it is required. Thus, the status of hamlet statements claudius, women has been raised in the eyes of law, but they are still far from equal to men in every sphere of life. In practice, they continue to suffer discrimination, harassment, humiliation and exploitation in and outside home. Theoretically, women might have been given more freedom but in dissertations learning communities achievement, practice, they still suffer many hardships, inhuman dignities and unworthy treatment everywhere. Within the home, she is still not treated at essay passwords, par with her male counterpart.

Barring a few urban educated families, a baby girl is never welcomed with as much eclat and happiness as a baby boy. Sometimes, the birth of a girl is regarded as a bad omen. They are not treated as equals to men, and not given due respect in communities achievement, the family (75 per cent women are in labour force but only 0.01 per cent has property rights). Male’s roles as father and husband still dominate over both his children and wife. The power to govern the home and the authority still rests in the hands of male head of the household. The dominant father model still persists in most of the po, middle and lower class families. Leaving aside a few, in the so-called modern families wives have not become equal partners to their husbands even if they are well-educated or more educated to their husbands. Most of the decisions of the household—from purchasing daily household items to decide about the education and dissertations, marriage of their children—are taken by father/husband. There is no significant change in for bank, the attitude of the dissertations communities and student, males even in the families where females are working outside the po, home. Women as daughters or wives have to seek permission from their fathers/husbands for going outside home or for receiving higher education. In some families, it is seen that husbands do not allow their wives of the dissertations and student achievement, same caliber and on good manners for children, education to take up any job assignment of the same status outside the home.

They prefer their educated wives should utilize their energies just in home management and rearing and caring of children or old parents. Women’s lower status in Indian society contributes to early marriages, lower literacy, poor nutrition and high fertility and and student, mortality levels, especially during the reproductive age. In professional field their condition is also not better. Till recently, women from the higher castes were not allowed to work outside the home for some remunerative job. On Mycotoxins! They do not enjoy equal rights in on professional achievement, many matters in the occupa­tional fields also.

They do not hold office of the higher rank, leaving aside a few popular cases. A woman executive may be of the same rank as a male executive, but because she is a woman, she may not receive the same honour and prestige, he receives. The case of super cop Kiran Bedi is well known. Resume! She was superseded for the post of dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement, Delhi Police Commissioner by a man two years junior to her in service. Similarly, a woman IAS officer Reva Nayyar did not make it as Cabinet Secretary and Veena Sikri, IFS was not appointed as the Foreign Secretary. There are still any numbers of other victims who wither unseen. Twenty-one years ago Wall street Journal had coined the term ‘glass ceiling’ to refer to jonathan of critical essays, apparent barriers that prevent from reaching the top hierarchy that still hold true, barring a few exceptional cases. Dissertations Communities Achievement! Furthermore, women earn less than men have less access to paper, more prestigious better paying occupations even when they are equal in learning and student achievement, all respects.

The best example is provided by the rural India, where in theory women are equated with goddess, but in actual practice, they are treated as drudges. The problems of inferiority, inequality, dependence and the exploitation experienced by women have not much changed in the villages, where most of the jonathan swift of critical essays, India lives, even after 65 years of independence. Ill-treatment is learning achievement, coupled with no equal opportunity for social participation in spite of the immense amount of thesis statements, work which is expected of them in the home as well as in agricul­tural field or in some employment. One of the main characteristics of women is her multi-tasking dexterity. Dissertations On Professional And Student Achievement! She is usually the one who handles home as well as occupational field or office.

To conclude, let us quote Jessie Bernard (1981) who argued that the status of women cannot be compared with that of men. It is generally said that men have higher status because they are usually better educated and have more organizational skills and experience than women. In addition to these, women acquire their status from their husbands, that they are socialized to think themselves as inferior, and they are physio-psychologically conditioned, to use the modern term, they are programmed to direct, be wives and mothers, non-competitive with men because they are less able to compete. Furthermore, women earn less than men have less access to more prestigious, better paying occupations even when they are equally qualified or experi­enced. Even having children increases the husband’s power, for on professional and student the wife becomes more dependent.

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10+ ways to recover a corrupted Word document. Few computer experiences are worse than having a Word document blow up on you. But before you resign yourself to losing the dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement, document contents, check out research paper, these techniques for salvaging your text. By Brien Posey | in 10 Things, August 17, 2009, 7:55 AM PST. Dissertations On Professional Communities? Few computer experiences are worse than having a Word document blow up on you. But before you resign yourself to paper, losing the document contents, check out dissertations and student, these techniques for salvaging your text. If you've ever had an important document get corrupted, you know the hamlet statements claudius, despair that sets in. You've lost critical information and/or countless hours of work - or so it appears.

But hang on: You may not have to accept data loss. Here are some things you can try when you're dealing with a corrupted Word document. Note: This article is also available as a PDF download. 1: Don't assume that the document is corrupt. Automatically assuming that a document is on professional achievement corrupt can be a big mistake. It could be Word or even Windows that is having the problem. Before you start trying to restore a backup or repair a file, try opening other documents. Try opening your corrupt document from another computer. You may be surprised by what happens. This isn't really a recovery trick, but it is a crucial preliminary step.

If you don't have a backup copy of the corrupt document readily available, make a copy of the corrupted file right away and store it on removable media. Resume For Bank Po? There's a chance that the corruption within the learning and student, file could become worse over time or that you could destroy the file while trying to recover it. Essay For Children? Making a backup copy of the file now may save you even more heartache later on. In many cases, you may have emailed a copy of the document to someone at some point. If so, a copy of the document may still be in communities achievement, Outlook's Sent Items folder, attached to the email message you sent. Try selecting the Sent Items folder and using Outlook's Search feature to look for the document's name. Try running CHKDSK against the volume containing the corrupted file. Your problem could be caused by corruption at the file system level, and CHKDSK may be able to fix the problem. If nothing else, running CHKDSK allows you to paper, test the integrity of the file system, which allows you to determine whether the problem exists at the file system level or within the dissertations on professional learning communities achievement, document itself. If you can open the file in Word, try saving the hamlet statements, file in an alternate format. Learning And Student Achievement? Sometimes, using a format such as RTF or TXT will cause some of Word's codes to be stripped from the document, which often fixes the problem.

Although saving the Word document as an RTF or TXT file usually works pretty well, that technique does you no good if Word won't open the file. One approach is to use another word processor that supports Word documents. Alternatively, you can use a file editor (a hex editor) to manually extract anything salvageable from the file. You may also be able to recover the swift a collection essays, text portion of a document using Word's text converter. Communities And Student Achievement? Click File | Open. When the Open dialog box appears, select the troublesome Word document. Then, choose Recover Text From Any File from the thesis statements, Files Of Type drop-down list and open the document. Achievement? This filter will import straight ASCII text from any file.

You will lose Word formatting and nontext items such as graphics, but you should at resume for bank least be able to extract most of the learning communities and student achievement, text information from the file. Note that this method is limited to documents in the Word 97-2003 format (not docx or dotx files). Word XP and later offer an Open And Repair option, which you can use to force Word to attempt a recovery. Just select the file in the Open dialog box and choose Open And Repair from the Open drop-down list in the bottom-right corner. This isn't necessarily foolproof, but it does work on a lot of problematic documents. 9: Use a Vista shadow copy of the document. Windows Vista automatically saves shadow copies of some files to manners for children, the hard drive.

If a shadow copy of dissertations learning your document exists, it may be possible to recover a recent version of the document. To do so, right-click on the document and select the resume, Properties command from the dissertations on professional and student achievement, shortcut menu. When the document's properties sheet appears, select the Previous Versions tab. (This tab exists only for files stored on NTFS volumes.) The Previous Versions tab will show you any previous versions of the essay, file that are available. For more on the shadow copy feature, see How do I. Configure and use shadow copy in Microsoft Windows Vista?. Although every Word document is on professional communities and student different, Word documents that are created by a common version of swift a collection of critical essays Word have a common file header. Dissertations Learning And Student Achievement? I can't tell you exactly what this header contains, because it varies from one version of Word to the next.

What I can tell you is that if you use a file editor to examine multiple known good Word documents, it will quickly become apparent which bits each of the documents has in common. Once you have determined which part of the file is the header, you can copy the header bits from a known good document and use the editor to on mycotoxins, paste those bits into your corrupt document, overwriting the existing header in dissertations communities and student achievement, the process. If the header was the portion of the document that was damaged, this technique will fix the problem. Several third-party applications on the market are designed to recover corrupt documents. One of the best known products is OfficeRecovery. Another popular product is direct Ontrack Easy Recovery.

Data recovery products like these can have a hefty price tag, and depending on the extent of the on professional learning and student achievement, damage, they may or may not actually be able to repair your file. Check out 10 Things. the newsletter! Get the essay passwords, key facts on on professional communities a wide range of technologies, techniques, strategies, and skills with the help of the concise need-to-know lists featured in TechRepublic's 10 Things newsletter, delivered every Friday. Automatically sign up today. Brien Posey is a seven-time Microsoft MVP. He has written thousands of direct passwords articles and written or contributed to dissertations on professional communities achievement, dozens of books on a variety of IT subjects.

Brien Posey is a seven-time Microsoft MVP. He has written thousands of resume for bank articles and written or contributed to dozens of books on a variety of IT subjects. On Professional And Student? We deliver the top business tech news stories about the essay passwords, companies, the people, and the products revolutionizing the planet. Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to dissertations on professional learning communities achievement, stay current on the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.

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!--BACKGROUND=/backgrounds/ltgray_aluminum.gif-- Guidelines for Writing a Political Theory Essay. Professor Anna Marie Smith. Department of Government, Cornell University. A. The purpose of on professional and student political theory writing. 1. The theoretical issues, rather than empirical facts presented on their own, are most important for us. Remember that your assignment is on good for children designed as an on professional learning communities and student achievement, exercise in interpreting political theory.

Emphasize the theoretical aspects of your answer. Empirical material such as historical details and statistical data should be used to support your answer where appropriate, but you should aim primarily to demonstrate your ability to argue coherently and effectively within well-defined theoretical frameworks. 2. Make a compelling argument. Essay. Your goal is to present an accurate treatment of the basic interpretive facts, but then to conduct a dialogue with the text and to dissertations learning and student, give your opinion on the theoretical problem at hand. For example, political theory essays often deal with a normative issue (known colloquially as the ought question.) Martin Luther King Jr. thought that the achievement of genuine racial equality would require both the elimination of discrimination against African-Americans and the redistribution of for children income from the wealthy to the poor. A good political theory treatment of dissertations on professional and student achievement this argument would not make any mistakes on the basic interpretive facts that are beyond dispute. It would, for example, trace King's influences back to the civil rights movement and asthma research paper Christian theological discourse. But it would also move into the realm of the should statement as well.

The political theory essay would advance a clear normative argument; the author would take a position either for or against King's claim. Now an dissertations on professional learning, economist might respond to resume for bank, King argument by seeking to find an absolutely precise measurement of the on professional learning distribution of wealth in the United States and the developed world during the 1960s. For the political theorist, however, it is the conceptual puzzle implicit in King's statement that commands our attention. According to King, how is the distribution of income related to racial inequality? What is his understanding of resume for bank key concepts such as racial integration, freedom and democracy? Why did he believe that the passage of civil rights legislation in dissertations achievement, the mid-1960s had not brought racism to an end?

In your opinion, is King's argument persuasive? Note that the reader cannot, in all fairness, expect the political theory essay to present a correct answer. The political theory essay attempts to persuade the reader by swift of critical essays advancing a compelling argument that is learning and student achievement well supported by detailed and insightful interpretive work. 3. Develop a thesis and sustain your thesis argument throughout the paper. Each essay should be organized in terms of a thesis that emphasizes a conceptual argument, rather than a mere summary of the texts or a general theme. Take a position, state clearly what your position is, and then mobilize textual references to convince your reader that you are right, and that you have approached the question in a fair-minded and thoughtful manner.

Essays that are not built on a thesis tend to summarize the essay on mycotoxins text and to wander aimlessly from point to point. 4. Engage with the themes of the course and on professional learning communities and student achievement the texts that we are studying. A good paper strikes the reader as a work that could not have been written unless the student author had attended the course lectures/seminars, taken part in resume for bank, class discussions, and dissertations on professional learning and student achievement engaged with the assigned reading. Aim to conduct a sustained scholarly dialogue with the questions raised in paper, class and in your texts. You are welcome to take any reasonable position in your essay, but engagement with the assigned texts is mandatory. Achievement. Think of it this way: you can choose, within reasonable limits, the position from which you will speak in on mycotoxins, your essay, but you must speak to on professional, the assigned reading. 5. Define your terms.

Political theorists should aim to define terms with great precision. Political theorists contribute to the study of politics by shedding new light on the conceptual dimensions of key political problems. As soon as you introduce a term into essay, your essay, you should define it very clearly. Dissertations On Professional And Student. As always, carefully footnote the passages from the text that you are using to build your definitions. 6. Support empirical claims. Where your argument does depend upon passwords factual claims, you must state them clearly in a precise manner, and you must footnote your source. 7. Leave yourself enough time to write a full outline and multiple drafts. I understand that you will find yourselves writing last-minute papers and “cramming” for exams, but I encourage you to avoid this approach where political theory papers are concerned. The best theoretical papers take a great deal of reflection and critical revision. Aim to finish the next-to-final draft several days before the due date, so that you will have enough time to dissertations and student, put it away for a couple of days. Then re-read your draft -- because you will be looking at the paper with fresh eyes, you will be able to detect weak passages and problematic transitions much easier --, make your final corrections, and hand it in.

B. Interpreting the political theory text. 1. Put your analytical voice at the forefront throughout the essay . Emphasize your informed argument. The political theory essay is never just a research report that collects a number of quotations and essay on good manners for children strings them together; we want to dissertations on professional, see evidence that you have done the appropriate reading and that you are thinking independently and creatively about the text. 2. Essay On Good For Children. Always remember that the essay is an academic mode of discourse . Almost every student lapses into casual language usage and sloppy argumentation in their essays. Do not use the kind of words, phrases and arguments that you would use in other contexts, such as e-mail, your personal journal, conversations with friends, journalistic articles or an address to a political rally. In political theory writing, the more you strike a thoughtful and dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement scholarly tone, the more your reader will trust your judgment. 3. On a few occasions, you will quote directly from the text. Essay On Mycotoxins. This can be particularly appropriate when you are dealing with a richly textured passage in which the text advances an argument that is on professional communities central to your paper. But after giving the direct quotation, you should then offer your own penetrating commentary. Do not fill out your answers with long direct quotations from the text. In short papers up to 15 pages in essay on good, length, no single direct quotation should be longer than 20 to dissertations learning achievement, 50 words in length.

Between one and four direct quotations would be appropriate for this type of paper. 4. For the most part, you will be avoiding direct quotations altogether; you will be practicing the art of the concise paraphrase . Hamlet Thesis Statements. You should choose appropriate passages from the text and put them in your own words, taking care throughout the paper to capture the dissertations learning achievement nuances of the text, and to footnote the original source. (Plagiarism is strictly forbidden.) Following each paraphrase, you should once again bring your own analytical voice to the forefront by giving your own commentary. In other words, your paper should never strike the reader as a simple set of textual summaries. Make the on mycotoxins texts work for you but pay attention to the more complicated aspects of their arguments. Discuss not only their obvious meaning but their subtle and dissertations learning communities and student even contradictory dimensions as well. With every reference to a text, your argument should become more clear, convincing and passwords sophisticated. 5. When analyzing the text of a given theorist, carefully reconstruct the argument in your own words, with full notation as required. Dissertations Learning Communities And Student. Your goal should be to make the strongest possible case for his/her argument , on his/her terms and from his/her point of view.

By all means introduce your own opinions about the essay passwords text, but only after you have provided a sophisticated reconstruction of its argument. 6. You should explore the meaning of on professional learning communities achievement each text very carefully . If you are opposed to an argument, you must nevertheless recognize its strengths. By the same token, you must indicate the weaknesses and contradictions in the texts that you happen to favor. Any essay that fails to do this will miss the opportunity to engage in advanced forms of on mycotoxins interpretive work. Learning Communities. The political theory essay differs in this respect from polemical writing, debate speeches, and closing arguments in a trial. If you agree with the text without carefully reconstructing its position, then your agreement will come too easily and you will fail to note the text's own contradictions and weaknesses. If, by direct essay passwords contrast, you criticize the text without considering its strengths, you will be reducing the text to on professional learning and student achievement, a straw man and engaging in a dismissive reading where subtle, detailed and sensitive commentary is required. 7. Use the non-expert scholar figure as your target audience.

Write your paper as if you will be submitting it to a professor who studies politics, but who is not an expert on research paper the material you are dealing with. On Professional Learning Communities Achievement. This will remind you to a collection of critical essays, use any complicated terminology sparingly, to define all key terms thoroughly, and to avoid taking for granted the meaning of complicated debates and issues. Take care to lead the non-expert scholar through the twists and turns of your argument, and make sure that your imaginary reader will regard your work as an accessible and persuasive paper. Perhaps something that seems obvious to you actually needs more explanation and learning communities and student detailed interrogation. By teaching the non-expert scholar figure about political theory, you will become a better political theorist yourself. As Wittgenstein says, the best way to essay for children, find out if someone really understands the meaning of a word is to ask her or him to on professional communities, teach someone else about the swift of critical essays word and its usage. 8. Anticipate any reasonable objections that your reader might raise, lay them out in the strongest and most empathetic manner possible, and dissertations achievement then give your rebuttal. You may find that this process will actually lead you to jonathan a collection, reconsider your own position and spur you to dissertations learning communities, write a richer and more penetrating paper. 1. Present the different parts of asthma research your argument in a logical order. Explain to the reader in explicit terms why you are proceeding from one idea to the next. In a longer piece (i.e. over 10 pages) use subtitles to help the reader to learning achievement, follow the resume progression of your argument.

Your reader should never have to dissertations learning communities achievement, wonder why a specific sentence was included, or why a certain paragraph came before another one. 2. Personal reflections and autobiographical information are acceptable; in fact, first person writing has become prominent in feminist and critical race theory writing. (See, for for bank po example, the on professional communities and student work of resume Patricia J. Williams.) For our purposes, however, personal writing is communities only appropriate insofar as it is well integrated into your theoretical argument. You should keep in mind that personal material is never an adequate substitute for theoretical analysis. 3. You should meticulously edit your paper and eliminate spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. 4. You should incorporate several references to the assigned texts into essay on mycotoxins, your answer and dissertations on professional learning these references should be noted clearly throughout.

All noting systems are acceptable. In a typical political theory paper, you might have between 3 to 10 notes per page. 5. Essay Manners For Children. Attach a bibliography if you have not made reference in on professional learning achievement, your footnotes to resume, every source that you consulted while conducting your research and writing the paper. I reserve the right to conduct an internet search relating to any part of your assignment to check for plagiarism. 6. I consider the notes that you take during my lectures as common property; you do not have to provide a footnote to them.

By the same token, do not rely entirely on your lecture notes; you should depend, first and foremost, on your own reading. 7. We expect you to abide by the plagiarism code of the communities and student achievement university in all work that you submit to your professors for a grade. Note too that although I often require students to circulate their seminar papers to the members of the class e-mail list, and that I often encourage political theory students to read exemplary student papers and theses that I place on reserve, you may not copy any material from a student paper without providing a full citation to that work. Direct Essay. Double submission is also forbidden. This rule often raises a lot of questions in students' minds. If you anticipate that your paper might resemble another piece of work that you have done/are doing for another course, please make an appointment with me to discuss the overlap situation. 8. Deadlines are meant to ensure that each individual student receives fair and dissertations on professional learning and student equal treatment.

I only hamlet statements claudius, give extensions to students who have a documented medical excuse. 9. Please deliver your paper, in hard copy format, to my mailbox on dissertations communities achievement the second floor of White Hall, by 4:30 on the due date. Essay Passwords. I cannot accept e-mail attachments because they have crashed my computer too many times ! Some short examples of writing styles. Learning Communities And Student. (Please also consult the work that I am placing on reserve for this course.) A. Swift A Collection Of Critical Essays. Question: Analyze the media coverage of the LAPD trials related to the beating of Rodney King. The meaning of the videotape was shaped by dissertations and student achievement the defence lawyers in the courtroom. According to Crenshaw and Peller, What many people did not comprehend was that police brutality, just like discrimination, does not speak for itself. This very struggle over meaning is precisely what the intense contestations about race in the law are really about. Rather than providing some kind of firm ground to challenge racist institutional practices, notions of formal equality, objectivity, neutrality, and the like tend to obscure the way that race is experienced by the vast majority of African Americans in this society. (Crenshaw and Peller 1993: 64) So we can see that oppressed people cannot control the ways in which the law is claudius used against them.

The student has clearly read the dissertations learning communities assigned text by Crenshaw and Peller, but he or she is relying on hamlet thesis the quotation too much. The student should put the quotation into his or her own words and then give his or her commentary. The problem is on professional that his or her voice has been lost altogether. The student has merely gone into the text, found some key passages, and then pasted them together. Hamlet Thesis Statements Claudius. Although the student has grasped the basic meaning of the text, the more complex aspects of Crenshaw and Peller's argument seem to dissertations on professional achievement, be eluding him or her. This writing is at for bank po, a C to B- level. Having examined the general political context for the LAPD trials in Los Angeles, California and dissertations learning communities the United States as a whole, we will now consider the ways in which the trial was conducted and represented in the media. At this point, we must insist on the fact that racial meanings have become so politicized in American society that virtually every racial representation is the product of intensive contestation.

The videotape of King's beating -- images that many assumed would be taken on face value as objective evidence of the the LAPD officers' guilt -- was no exception. Crenshaw and Peller point out that the legal debates on race are precisely centered on struggles about meaning. They demonstrate, for example, that the LAPD officers' defence used the same legal strategy that anti-affirmative action plaintiffs use in swift a collection essays, court: they attempted to restrict the category of legitimate evidence and to re-define unfavourable evidence by placing it in the most favourable context possible. Dissertations On Professional Learning Communities Achievement. (1992: 64) In my opinion, the management of racial imagery plays an integral role in the entire system of institutional racism. As I stated above with reference to the black power movement and the social theory of institutionalization, institutional racism depends upon the discrediting of African-Americans such that discrimination against blacks becomes unconsciously integrated into the normal way of doing things. That discrediting process depends in asthma research, part upon the selective use of dissertations and student facts, and the re-contextualization of thesis statements facts that would otherwise constitute evidence of oppression. Re-contextualize the video of on professional learning and student King's beating, or re-contextualize the under-representation of blacks in higher education, and you can diminish the asthma research sense that racial discrimination has taken place. It is only when we take Crenshaw and Peller's warning about the constructed nature of every racial image seriously that we can begin to analyze the media coverage of the trials. The student's own argument is driving the dissertations achievement essay: she is taking a position and defending it; the statements claudius reference to the article is paraphrased accurately and properly noted; the student clearly has a thesis and is marshalling her references to support her argument; she is on professional learning and student building a case, presenting the different parts of the argument in a logical order, and telling the reader very clearly why she is moving from one idea to the next. There is a slight risk that the student is moving too quickly from one idea to the next; the reader might be a bit dazzled by all the quick transitions. Jonathan. Hopefully, the communities student will return to manners for children, the themes discussed here at several junctures so that we can get a more clear sense of his or her argument.

This section of the learning communities achievement paper would merit a grade of A- or better. B. Question: Can a society marked by a substantial inequality in wealth maintain and deepen a genuinely democratic form of government ? Its pretty obvious that the system is run by rich white men. We will never get campaign finance reform because the lobbyists for rich white men are incredibly powerful. ( So many Americans don't even bother to vote. First, we do not have the asthma sense that the student is writing a political theory essay and engaging with the content of a political theory course. The passage reads like something the student could have written without taking the and student achievement course at all.

What do political theorists mean when they describe a particular type of government as democratic? The student is taking for granted that we only swift a collection of critical, need to discuss whether or not individuals have the right to vote and actually exercise that right. The conceptual debates on the meaning of democracy are vastly more complicated than this implicit assumption. The tone of the passage is far too casual, journalistic and clich-ridden. Phrases such as it's pretty obvious or some people say do not belong in an academic essay. Dissertations Learning Achievement. Its ought to be spelled it's. Contractions, such as don't should also not be used; write the long form (do not) instead. Research Paper. The term, the dissertations learning communities and student achievement system, is a popular clich that is far too vague. Which system are we dealing with here: the political parties, the bureaucracy, the private corporate sector, etc.? Campaign finance reform is on mycotoxins not defined.

Rich white men is dissertations on professional and student not an academic phrase. The student should be referring to manners for children, specific socio-economic classes, such as the bourgeoisie, or even more precisely, specific parts of the bourgeois class, such as finance capitalists or industrialists. We cannot assume that the white race and the male gender always coincides perfectly with wealth -- what about wealthy women, poor whites, and wealthy non-whites? It is plausible that campaign finance reform is being thwarted by certain corporate interest groups, but exactly how are they doing this? What does the writer exactly mean by powerful?

If she or he is referring to the way in which political representatives' voting records on reform sometimes correspond to their fund-raising activities in the private sector, then this argument should be developed in an explicit manner. The cited source, the web page, is not an dissertations learning communities and student achievement, acceptable academic text. Web page sources must be used very carefully. Data should be drawn primarily from articles and texts that have been published by academic publishers. Statements Claudius. Data from the publications of (non-partisan) governmental agencies is also acceptable. The latter are often available on the web through the Cornell Library Gateway; ask a reference librarian if you need help locating them. Where your essay depends on factual claims, you should avoid using journalistic sources to dissertations learning and student achievement, support those claims. The only type of journalistic source that is acceptable is what is hamlet called the newspaper of record: in the United States, the New York Times and the Washington Post are good examples. References to Time Magazine, Newsweek, CNN reports and so on are not legitimate.

Finally, the essay is skipping between too many complicated ideas too quickly. Again, it is entirely plausible that there is a connection between the lack of campaign finance reform and voting participation rates. If the dissertations on professional communities and student achievement agendas of the Republicans and Democrats are in fact influenced by wealthy interest groups first and asthma paper foremost, then the large numbers of Americans who are not represented by those interest groups will not see the issues that matter to them discussed and dealt with by the two parties. Less wealthy Americans may therefore feel increasingly alienated from politics, and those feelings of alienation may lead them to stop voting altogether. However, a critic might say that the presence of third party alternatives, or more responsive local and state party structures, or a popular social movement could nevertheless spur greater turn-out rates. The essay needs to dissertations communities achievement, engage with political theory texts, build each argument one at a time, give full and careful treatment to each claim, construct the argument using clearly defined academic terms, anticipate the objections of a critic, support important factual claims with academic sources, and then clearly indicate how the essay is moving logically on direct to the next point. This passage is an example of writing that would receive a grade of C- or worse. The tension between the type of learning communities and student achievement inequality that is present in any capitalist social structure on the one hand, and liberal democracy on hamlet claudius the other, is explored in a perceptive manner by dissertations on professional communities Marx in his article, On the Jewish Question. (footnote) Marx was addressing the fact that Jews had suffered enormous discrimination in direct essay, Europe; they had been barred from dissertations learning achievement holding office and from practicing most professions and crafts. In some cases, they had even been quarantined in special residential zones. During the for children mid-nineteenth century, European authorities liberated the Jew in learning achievement, the sense that they dismantled these official exclusionary rules.

Marx used the unique position of the Jewish people to illustrate his argument that no one could achieve genuine freedom and equality as long as the capitalist system remained intact. As we have seen in our discussion of Locke, individual freedom and equality of opportunity are necessary components of any liberal democratic order. By all appearances, the liberated Jew enjoyed freedom and equality in this sense; he or she had the right to essay on good for children, own property, to enter contracts, to serve in a public office, and -- where the franchise existed -- to vote. But Marx points out that the liberated Jew has only been granted the sort of freedom and equality that are possible in market society. The liberated Jew has only achieved the same status as every other individual in a capitalist world. That individual is, in essence, divided into dissertations learning communities achievement, two halves. There is the citizen half; in direct passwords, this mode, the individual considers the dissertations on professional communities good of the whole and prioritizes the community. Then there is the competitor half. In this second mode, the po individual puts aside the dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement generosity of spirit and fellow-feeling that he or she expresses when he or she is in the citizen mode and struggles against essay every other individual to gain as much capital as possible.(footnote) In the competitor mode, the individual will find himself or herself sorted very quickly into a class group, based on on professional and student whether or not he or she owns the means of production. Marx concludes that there can be no reconciliation of the citizen/competitor split within the a collection individual until private property is abolished and the capitalist system is overthrown.(footnote) Rousseau advances a similar argument in his Essay on the Origin of dissertations on professional learning communities and student Inequality.

Once again we have the opposition between the two modes within the individual: the unselfish and empathetic mode, and the mean-spirited competitive mode. . The author emphasizes the conceptual problems throughout, giving only a brief summary of the historical issues touched on by Marx, so that he or she can progress quickly to resume po, the key conceptual argument. The sign-posting to dissertations achievement, other passages in manners, the essay (as we have seen . ) is helpful without being too intrusive, and the topic of dissertations on professional learning communities achievement each paragraph is clearly introduced in the first sentence. The author is building the argument in a comparative manner, but he or she is not simply summarizing each text. Instead, he or she is picking out the relevant conceptual arguments in direct, Locke, Marx and Rousseau and giving concise paraphrasing treatment to the important passages. One aspect of the essay is being postponed here; we do not hear the voice of the author himself or herself in this paragraph. Presumably, the author is going to dissertations on professional communities and student achievement, bring forth his or her own opinion in the following section of the paper. Provided that he or she does so, the paper would probably receive a grade of A. These guidelines apply only to the assignments in my classes.

Other professors may be looking for different elements in a collection, the assignments for their courses.

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D-Day or Operation Overlord, June 6, 1944. As dawn broke on June 6, 1944, the Allied invasion fleet became visible crossing the choppy waters of the English Channel to France. None of those who took part in D-Day, whether soldier, sailor, or airman, would ever forget the on professional learning communities and student sight. It was by far the largest amphibious invasion force ever known, with more than 5,000 ships carrying 175,000 troops. The view from the air was breathtaking. Thesis Claudius. Many pilots said later that the sea was packed so full of ships that it almost looked as if you could walk to France. The air support plan included more than 6,000 aircraft, with transports dropping three airborne divisions, heavy and dissertations learning and student medium bombers attacking beach defences, and other squadrons on direct essay, deception operations. Typhoon and P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers would roam inland, ready to attack German reinforcements coming to help defend the coast. Layered screens of Allied fighters between the Parisian region and the Normandy beaches would ensure that German aircraft never reached the invasion area in daylight. And anti-submarine patrols of Sunderlands and B-24 Liberators had already started to patrol every map-square of the sea between southern Ireland and Brittany.

To the great embarrassment of Grand Admiral Doenitz, not a single German U-boat got through to the Channel. In fact one Canadian pilot broke all records by sinking two German submarines in the Bay of Biscay within twenty-two minutes. The fact that the dissertations communities achievement invasion fleet had sailed at all on the night of June 5 was almost a miracle in itself. General Dwight D. Thesis Statements. Eisenhower, the Allied supreme commander, had faced a terrible dilemma. On June 2 his meteorologists had warned of a bad storm. The invasion was put back by twenty-four hours in a desperate hope that conditions might improve. Eisenhower knew that a major postponement of two weeks until tides were again favorable could well prove disastrous. To disembark all those soldiers from their landing ships and then re-embark them later would have been very bad for morale, and on professional learning communities and student achievement the Germans might well have discovered the Allied plan. Told that there might be a break in the bad weather on June 6, Eisenhower assumed the huge responsibility of his position and decided to go. General Miles Dempsey, who commanded the Second British Army in the invading force said later that Eisenhower’s decision was the bravest act of the whole war. It is easy for us to look back and think that D-Day was bound to research paper succeed, but it could have been a disaster.

Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy, was an intensely emotional event for all the Allies—Americans, British, Canadians, and men from on professional communities and student achievement thirty different countries, many of which had, like France, been occupied for the previous four years by essay on mycotoxins, the German Wehrmacht after its devastating victories in 1940. For the French, this moment of setting out to help liberate their homeland was especially poignant. And Student Achievement. For the on mycotoxins British, it marked their return at last to the continent of Europe after the bitterness of their evacuation from Dunkirk. For American soldiers, the invasion represented a moment of dissertations learning achievement, selfless duty. The United States was once more coming to the rescue of war-torn Europe, this time oppressed by asthma research paper, the Nazi regime. All they could console themselves with was the idea that the sooner they helped win the war, the sooner they could go home to their families—assuming they survived. The pre-battle tension for dissertations on professional learning communities everyone was considerable.

Keith Douglas, one of the great soldier poets of the Second World War, who was killed in Normandy a few days later, wrote the following lines shortly before D-Day: Actors waiting in asthma, the wings of dissertations and student achievement, Europe. we already watch the essay on mycotoxins lights on the stage. and listen to the colossal overture begin. For us entering at the height of the din. it will be hard to hear our thoughts, hard to gauge. how much our conduct owes to fear or fury.

The overture was indeed colossal, whether from US Navy and Royal Navy battleships firing huge shells that screamed “like freight cars” over the heads of the dissertations on professional communities achievement soldiers packed into landing craft, or bombers coming in from the sea to smash the German defensive positions and barbed wire. Thesis Statements Claudius. Other bomber groups inland smashed French towns to block the routes by dissertations learning and student achievement, which German reinforcements would arrive. French civilians in Normandy suffered terribly. Fifteen thousand were killed in the lead-up to D-Day, and swift essays another 20,000 were to die during the fighting. Altogether some 75,000 French civilians were killed in the war by on professional communities and student, British and American bombing and artillery, an even higher figure than the on good 69,000 British killed by the German air force. It is a terrible irony that the dissertations learning communities and student armed forces from democracies ended up killing so many civilians because their commanders felt forced by the pressure of public opinion at home to reduce their own casualties as much as possible.

Preceded by flotillas of minesweepers, the invasion fleet headed for five long beaches on essay on mycotoxins, the Normandy coastline. They were codenamed Sword, Juno, and Gold (where two British and one Canadian division were landing), and on professional communities Omaha and Utah (where the leading battalions of for children, three American divisions were headed). The task of the US 4th Infantry Division landing at Utah at the base of the Cotentin Peninsula, was to head inland to meet up with the paratroopers of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions who had been dropped during the night. On Professional Communities And Student Achievement. Heavily weighed down by arms and ammunition, some had drowned in flooded areas. Others landed on German positions and were massacred before they had a chance to fight back. A number were killed while they hung helplessly from parachutes caught on trees or on rooftops. Po. But although widely scattered in the chaotic drops, most of them survived to join up in improvised groups and cause terror among the German defenders, who thought they were everywhere. They were reinforced by more airborne troops flown over in large gliders towed by transport aircraft.

It was a frightening journey for even the bravest men, knowing that many would be badly injured or killed on crash landing. The objective for the American 1st and 29th Infantry Divisions was Omaha Beach, a long, gently curving stretch of dissertations on professional and student, coastline. Approached from the thesis statements claudius sea, the beach ended on the right with massive cliffs. Four miles farther around to the west was the Pointe du Hoc promontory. This was where a battalion of communities and student, US Rangers had to scale a sheer cliff to silence a German battery. The first landing craft set off from their mother ships at 0520 hours. Essay On Mycotoxins. They had over an hour’s journey in heavy seas to land on the beach at H-hour (the time the attack was to begin). The larger ships were anchored at least ten miles offshore, out of on professional learning and student, range of German coastal guns. Resume For Bank Po. During the long and tumultuous crossing, a dozen of the landing craft were swamped or capsized. The bomber formations appeared at communities 0605 hours. They flew in from the sea to reduce their vulnerability to flak over the target area, rather than following the line of the coast.

As they reached the beaches, their crews delayed an extra few seconds before releasing their bomb loads to avoid hitting any landing craft approaching the beach. As a result all the thesis ground commanders’ hopes that the air force would destroy barbed-wire entanglements, minefields, and some of the defensive positions were utterly dashed. In the thirty minutes preceding H-hour, the B-24 Liberators and B-17 Fortresses dropped 13,000 bombs, but none fell on on professional communities achievement, the beach. Swift A Collection Essays. “The Air Corps might just as well have stayed home in bed for all the good that their bombing concentration did,” one officer in learning achievement, the 1st Division observed angrily later. To compound the problem, the forty minutes allowed for resume po the naval bombardment proved far too short to deal with the beach defences. At a given moment, the landing craft, which had been circling offshore to await H-hour, headed in toward land. The absence of dissertations and student, fire from the shore aroused hopes that the warships and air force had done their work as planned. The infantrymen were so tightly wedged that few could see much over the helmets in front of them and the tall landing ramp at the front. The assault craft were still “bucking like an on mycotoxins, unbroken horse,” so many just shut their eyes against the queasy sensation of motion sickness.

By then the landing craft “reeked of vomit.” Because of the smoke and dust thrown up by the shelling, the coxswains had trouble recognizing any landmarks. “Soon we became conscious of pinking noises near us,” wrote a US Navy lieutenant, “and when a couple of men toppled to the deck, we became conscious of the fact that we were being fired at with real bullets, by a very much alive enemy.” When the learning ramps were dropped, the essay on good for children German machine gunners concentrated their fire on and student, the opening. “Men were tumbling just like corn cobs off of a conveyor belt,” wrote a sergeant from Wisconsin. In all too many cases, the landing craft had come to a halt on a sandbar short of the beach. The water appeared shallow, but ahead there were deep runnels. The craft were still bucking with the waves, and “if you slipped under the metal ramp you would be killed as it crashed down.” In some places men leaped off and found the water over their heads. In desperation, they dropped their weapons and wriggled out of for bank, their equipment to survive. Some of those behind, seeing their buddies floundering under the weight of their equipment, panicked. “There were dead men floating in communities achievement, the water and there were live men acting dead, letting the essay on good manners tide take them in.” The prospect of crossing the stretch of beach in learning communities and student, front of them seemed impossible. Any idea of trying to run through the shallows, carrying heavy equipment and in sodden clothes and boots seemed like a bad dream in po, which limbs felt leaden and numb. Overburdened soldiers stood little chance.

There were cries in all directions: “I’m hit! I’m hit!” With many of their officers and noncoms among the first casualties, soldiers recovering from the learning communities and student shock of statements, their reception realized that they had to learning and student achievement get across the beach, if only to research survive. A soldier from Minnesota in the 1st Division wrote home later describing how he had dashed forward in thirty-yard sprints. “I’ve never in all my life prayed so much.” He looked back at the remnants of his squad. “It was awful. People dying all over the place—the wounded unable to move and being drowned by the incoming tide and boats burning madly as succeeding waves tried to get in. Learning And Student. . Essay. . . I’ve never seen so many brave men who did so much—many would go way back and try to gather in dissertations on professional learning and student, the wounded and themselves got killed.” Those who had made it were not even able to help with covering fire. On Good. “At least 80% of our weapons did not work because of sand and learning achievement sea water.” In their desire to be able to fire back as soon as they landed, most soldiers had made the manners for children mistake of stripping the waterproof covering from achievement their guns before reaching the asthma research paper shore. On Professional And Student. Almost all the statements radios failed to work as a result of dissertations on professional learning communities and student achievement, seawater, and on good this contributed greatly to learning communities and student achievement the chaos. An artillery officer described the soldiers he saw. “They were beat up and shocked. Many of them had forgotten that they had firearms to use.” It was hardly surprising that they were dazed. A number were barely out of high school, and this disastrous baptism of fire produced psychological trauma. Battalion and po company officers ordered their men to clean their rifles.

Those who had lost their weapons took them off the dead. More senior officers arriving with their headquarter groups were to provide the leadership critically needed at on professional learning communities this time. They forced the men, once they had cleaned their weapons, to start breaking through the wire and thesis claudius minefields onto the bluffs behind to attack the German positions. On Professional Learning Communities And Student Achievement. In this way, Omaha Beach, which so easily could have been the scene of a terrible catastrophe, was transformed into a hard-won American victory. Once the Allies were securely ashore, they were bound to prevail with their overwhelming superiority in air power and artillery.

German plans for a massive tank counter-attack against the British Second Army on jonathan swift a collection of critical essays, the eastern side came to nothing when the Germans were hammered by the heavy guns of the US Navy and communities the Royal Navy off the coast. Asthma Research. But the success of D-Day was not enough. American, British, and Canadian troops faced another two-and-a-half months of vicious fighting ahead in the Norman countryside before the dissertations communities German forces were ground down. Normandy was martyred in its suffering, but this terrible concentration of po, fighting at least saved Paris and the rest of the country from destruction. Every year on the anniversary of on professional learning communities and student achievement, D-Day, Allied veterans are welcomed back in resume for bank, memory of their comrades’ sacrifice.

Antony Beevor served as a regular officer in the 11th Hussars in Germany. Achievement. He is the author of Crete: The Battle and the Resistance , which won a Runciman Prize; Paris after the Liberation, 1944–1949 (written with his wife, Artemis Cooper); Stalingrad , which won the Samuel Johnson Prize, the direct Wolfson Prize for learning and student achievement History, and jonathan of critical the Hawthornden Prize for Literature; Berlin: The Downfall , which received the first Longman–History Today Award; The Battle for Spain ; and, most recently, D-Day , which received the RUSI Westminster Medal. His books have appeared in thirty languages and sold just over five million copies. A former chairman of the Society of Authors, he has received honorary doctorates from the Universities of Kent and Bath and is a visiting professor at Birkbeck College and dissertations learning the University of Kent. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for research paper History. Please click here to login and access this page. Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and dissertations on professional learning communities and student here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students. Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Become an Affiliate School to have free access to for bank po the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features. Click here to and student start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed. Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now! Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs. Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History. We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site. All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits! Not a educator or student? Click here for essay passwords more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site. Teaching Resource: Essential Questions in Teaching American History Essay: Every Citizen a Soldier: World War II Posters on the American Home Front Primary Source: Japan declares war, 1941 Primary Source: Physicists predict a nuclear arms race, 1945 Multimedia: War Letters: Extraordinary Correspondence from on professional learning achievement American Wars Essay: Advice (Not Taken) for the French Revolution from essay passwords America Teaching Resource: American Music Goes to War Interactive: Battlelines: Letters from America’s Wars Multimedia: Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II Video Series: Essential Questions in American History.

This Omaha Beach doc works well in dissertations achievement, the Perspectives overview of on good, war. Use with Jennifer Keene#039;s essay on How War Shaped the on professional learning and student 20th C Learned how to save documents to my file, using this document as an example (GL seminar 06/12).