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Tropical rainforest research paper

Tropical rainforest biome research paper

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APL Maritime - Ordinary Seaman and tropical research, Able Bodied Seaman, Unlimited Resume Example. Over forty years' experience planning, defining, and communication main essay, delivering programs and projects; skilled teacher of project management techniques; seasoned executive in biome the aviation and maritime sector; powerful team builder and leader; hands-on understanding of the construction and maritime trades; skilled negotiator. Leadership Staff development Coalition building Negotiation. Project recovery Project delivery Program direction Presentation. Delivered $ 268 million marine terminal ahead of schedule despite legal challenges and permit delays; Built from scratch a delivery team that successfully delivered a $ 3.4 billion airport reconstruction; Took over $ 100 million operating division with $ 7 million net operating income and in five years increased net operating income to of emerson, nearly $ 50 million; Completely changed corporate culture in three years and rainforest paper, built a merged consultant-staff team that became a model for programs elsewhere; Developed excellent relationships with local treaty tribes and created an innovative and unique program that virtually eliminates conflicts between treaty fishermen and on the enlightenment thinkers, commercial vessels.

After nearly thirty years working for tropical rainforest paper ports, largely in the container shipping sector, went back to sea and sailed on container vessels as an AB on the New York to Singapore run as a member of the Sailors Union of the Pacific. September 2012 to August 2013 APL Maritime - Oakland , CA. Sailed New York to thesis, Singapore run, 70 day round trips, three and a half trips. Duties included watch standing, lookout, deck work, ship maintenance, ship's carpenter, and union delegate on one trip. October 2010 to May 2012 Port of Bellingham - Bellingham , CA. Reporting to three elected commissioners, directed and rainforest research paper, managed all port operations, with a primary focus on guiding and directing the expansion work for what was then the fastest growing airport in the United States. Duties also included oversight of three marinas, a cargo shipping terminal, commercial fishing facilities, several parks and industrial properties, and a major cleanup of a former pulp and paper mill site. Cite Essay. Gave the airport team solid direction. Rebuilt relationships with the fishing and marine industrial industries. Rainforest Biome Paper. March 2010 to October 2010 Port of Seattle - Seattle , CA. Short term assignment to assist the essays organization in the adoption and use of the Sharepoint document management system.

Assisted the Information Technology Department in working with the Operating Divisions in learning how to apply this system. October 2003 to March 2010 Port of Seattle - Seattle , CA. Served as the biome executive in charge of this $ 100 million operating division which operated marinas, container terminals, a cruise terminal, general cargo piers, industrial properties, and several parks. Increased net operating income from $7 million to do my, nearly $ 50 million in rainforest biome research three years. Led and guided the delivery of a new cruise terminal, the reconstruction of three container terminals, the rebuilding of much of essay enlightenment, Fishermen's Terminal, and associated smaller projects. Research Paper. Developed and oversaw an innovative cooperative agreement with local fishing tribes such that fishing gear and commercial shipping conflicts were minimized. March 1998 to communication idea, September 2003 Port of Seattle - Seattle , CA. Took over a floundering program and built a joint internal staff-consultant team that successfully planned and defined over 100 projects and then for four years successfully delivered projects on schedule and rainforest biome paper, within budget despite the 9-11 attacks and essays of emerson, an earthquake.

Over a period of two years merged internal staff and consultants into a single highly effective team. Adopted a common language for project definition and delivery using the rainforest research Kepner Tregoe project management system. Taught the KT system to main essay, all airport staff involved in the program. Negotiated and then oversaw a highly successful project labor agreement which became a model for elsewhere. Biome Research Paper. Created a staff development program. Do My Assignment. June 1992 to March 1998 Port of tropical rainforest biome research paper, Seattle - Seattle , CA. Served as project manager and team leader for the planning, design, environmental cleanup and construction of do my statistics assignment, a terminal expansion for APL in rainforest research paper West Seattle. Involved in cite excerpt all aspects of project delivery - cleanup, design, permitting, community relations, and tropical rainforest paper, construction.

At the time the largest project ever undertaken by the Port of Seattle, this effort required the do my second largest cleanup in Washington State, the relocation of four businesses, the research paper purchase of seventeen properties, gaining permits for a major dock expansion, and working with a highly involved community. Enlightenment. This work was all done while APL continued to operate on the site throughout. For one six month period also served as construction manager out in the field office as well as overall program leader. Project delivered ahead of schedule and within two percent of biome research, original budget despite a six month delay due to a citizen's lawsuit. June 1990 to March 1992 Port of Seattle - Seattle , CA. Managed a small staff conducting all facilities planning work for communication the Marine Division for the Port of Seattle - container terminals, marinas, fishermen's facilities, and nearby roadway access improvements. Resolved conflicts with the City of Seattle over truck traffic around the terminals. Developed a plan for access to the ferry docks which was implemented and used for over a decade.

August 1984 to June 1990 Port Authority of New York and New Jersey - New York , New York. Hired from the fishing industry to manage the design and eventual reconstruction of an biome research paper, abandoned steamship terminal in Brooklyn into a modern fisheries complex. Responsible for marketing, strategy development, planning, and industry outreach. Although the piers were rebuilt and a modern auction hall built for the sale of essays, fish, agreement could not be reached with local wholesalers to use the research paper facility and eventually the project was terminated. July 1969 to essays, August 1984 Various - Brewster , Mass. Worked in the commercial fishing industry on the US east coast as a fisherman and as a consultant. Tropical Rainforest. Involved in the groundfish, swordfish, and squid fisheries as deckhand, mate and captain. As a consultant built a fisheries business that concentrated on fisheries management issues for essay on the enlightenment thinkers the New England and biome research, Mid Atlantic Fishery Management Councils and also as a gear technology specialist for the National Marine Fisheries Service.

During this period built one boat and reconfigured and rebuilt four other boats. Communication Main Idea. Construction Engineer/Turnover [email protected] Wheeler USA Corporation. General Superintendent / Field [email protected] Masonry. Lead Designer Project [email protected] Design Build. Nace Level 1 Inspector/Utility 2 [email protected] Inspection Resources. Business Owner/ Project [email protected] THE SUN CONSTRUCTION SOLAR.

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University of Massachusetts Yale University. Master of Science : Resource Planning , 1971. Bachelor of Arts : American Studies/Regional Planning , 1969. Rainforest Paper. Where can I find a APL Maritime Ordinary Seaman and Able Bodied Seaman, Unlimited resume example in uk Seattle, Washington 98117? This is an actual resume example of a Ordinary Seaman and Able Bodied Seaman, Unlimited who works in the Construction Management Industry. LiveCareer has 21475 Construction Management resumes in its database. Tropical Biome Research. LiveCareer’s Resume Directory contains real resumes created by subscribers using LiveCareer’s Resume Builder. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service.

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Free tropical rainforests Essays and Papers

14. Writing a Grant Application for Funding. This toolkit supports the tropical rainforest biome paper, work of essays, preparing a successful grant proposal. Outline for Writing a Grant Application for Funding. In this Toolkit, you will find supports for writing a grant application for funding. Part I gives a step-by-step overview of the tropical biome research paper, grantwriting process. Part II provides a general template for writing a grant application. Essays Of Emerson? Completing Part II will give you a solid proposal that can be adapted to meet specific grant opportunities and review criteria for specific funders.

Additional tools can be found at the end of the section. Part I. OVERVIEW OF THE GRANTWRITING PROCESS. Before writing the grant application: Identify the problem/ goal area for which funds will be sought. Develop relationships with grantmakers when possible. Communicate with grantmakers about your work periodically, even when you are not in the process of submitting an application. This may help you learn about future funding prospects, as well as increase your chances for a successful proposal. Thoroughly search for relevant grant opportunities. See Additional Resources for a list of grantmakers or potential funders. Consider the following types of funders: Government agencies (e.g., federal, state/province, or local) Private foundations or donors Corporate foundations or businesses.

Consider the proposed project/goal’s fit with the identified funder(s). Learn the funder's grantmaking philosophy, program interests, and rainforest research, criteria. Does the funder make grants that meet your needs? Check the purpose of essays of emerson, grants offered: Seed money (not ongoing operating expenses)? Direct Service? Other? Check the size of grants offered, including minimum and maximum awards. Determine whether you will need to apply for multiple grants and investigate whether this is allowable under the guidelines of each funder. Check out the tropical paper, timeline for submission, and writing history paper, the funding cycle.

Check other restrictions (e.g., geographic preferences, priority issues, type of organization that can apply), and make sure you meet the tropical biome paper, funder’s requirements. In the case of federal or state grants, these may include certification or pre-approval, which may have to be completed well before the essay, grant's application deadline. Look at tropical biome research paper, the number and communication main, kind of tropical, past awards given by the funder and sad short, determine whether your odds of receiving funding warrant the effort it takes to prepare a competitive grant proposal. Check to see if there is rainforest organizational fit between your group/ project’s mission and that of the funded. How does your group’s work reflect the funder’s values and goals? How does the proposal advance the funder’s mission while staying within your group’s mission? Check to cite essay, see if you meet the tropical rainforest paper, eligibility criteria.

If the grant requires partnering, consider whether you have a history of essays of emerson, sharing responsibilities and tropical rainforest biome research, resources with other organizations. Is there a potential partner for this grant? Are matching funds required (in which your group commits money/resources)? Before beginning, determine if you have the needed time, energy, and other resources to prepare an idea essay, effective grant application. Learn the funder's preferred method of initial contact (e.g., e-mail, phone, face-to-face meeting). Check to see if the funder offers a conference call or web conference briefing session – if so, attending may be well worth your time. Check to see if the funder offers Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on their website, and review these in detail. Tropical Research? The FAQs may be updated periodically.

If you see value in essays of emerson a pre-application meeting, and if the funders’ guidelines don’t tell you otherwise, consider requesting a meeting with the grantmaking agency. Or, consider having others make contacts with the funding agency for you – especially if someone who knows you and your work already has a relationship with someone in the funding agency. This may be in your best interest if you are new to grant-writing, know few people in foundations or funding agencies, or don’t have much of a track record in rainforest research paper this area. Review the literature to story, find out what approaches might work in your situation. Learn about the problems and goals of the community, and work with partners to rainforest, develop an intervention for addressing them with the proposed funding. Good practice calls for cite excerpt full involvement of the community and other partners in all aspects of this work. Develop an action plan for the intervention. Indicate how you will adapt the intervention or “best practice” to fit the needs and context of tropical, your community (e.g., differences in resources, cultural values, competence, and language). Identify the mode of delivery through which each component and element of the intervention will be delivered in essay enlightenment the community (e.g., workshops for skill training). Specify the core components and elements of the intervention.

Identify and tropical rainforest, assess “best practices” or “evidence-based interventions” that could help address the problem or goal in your situation. Set goals and objectives for what success would look like. Analyze the problem or goals to be addressed by essays, the intervention. Indicate how you will obtain community involvement in identifying problems and goals to be addressed by the intervention. Biome Research? Describe the prioritized groups to writing history thesis, benefit and those implementing the intervention. Identify other groups and approaches in the community for addressing this problem/ goal. Assess the level of the problem or goal. Identify the community problem/goal to be addressed and what needs to be done. Create (or refine) a logic model or framework for the project outlined in the grant proposal. This will communicate how the activities will lead to the intended results.

Outline the vision and mission of your project. State the tropical paper, objectives of of emerson, your project or effort. State the tropical biome research, context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes (e.g., history of the effort, broad cultural and environmental factors, economic conditions). Identify inputs, resources and essays, barriers – include both resources or supports available and constraints or barriers to meeting the initiative’s objectives State activities or interventions - what the initiative or program does to tropical rainforest research, bring about change and improvement (e.g., providing information and training skills, enhancing support, modifying access, changing policies). State outputs - direct results or products of the statistics assignment, group’s activities (e.g., number of people trained or activities conducted). State intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include shorter-term, intermediate, and longer-term effects). Using the components listed above in items a-g, draft a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. (e.g., how would the lives of individuals and communities be better?) Identify your criteria or indicators for judging success.

How will success be measured? Determine who will be responsible for collecting data or accessing data sources. Indicate the role of tropical rainforest, documentation and evaluation in supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Statistics? Describe the results you expect to tropical rainforest research paper, achieve by communication idea, the end of the funding period. Clearly outline the amount of funding requested for each type of tropical rainforest paper, funding sought (e.g., amount for essays salaries, travel, and equipment). Create a budget justification (i.e., a description of tropical rainforest, why each type of expense is needed). Cite Essay Excerpt? Consider all forms of potential revenues (e.g., other grants and contracts, local funding, memberships, in-kind support), as well as all forms of expenses (e.g., staff salaries and benefits, consultants, travel, equipment, supplies, rent, insurance), for each year of the proposed project. Identify appropriate matching funds or resources if applicable. Plan for sustainability of the project – funders often want to see a plan for how the project or group will be maintained after the grant period. Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort.

Identify specific tactics to be used to tropical biome research, sustain the sad short essays, effort (e.g., sharing positions and biome research, resources, becoming a line item in an existing budget). Follow up to be sure that the proposal arrived. Identify a contact person at the grantmaking agency. Prepare a thank you letter. Follow up with partners or other key stakeholders that contributed to the proposal or would support implementation. Securing one grant takes multiple applications. Don’t wait to hear about uk one application before sending out tropical rainforest paper another. Once word has been received from the grantmaking agency about the funding (or lack of approved funding), debrief with the group to discuss lessons learned and essay, next steps. Continue efforts to diversify the types of funding and types of biome paper, funders that support your work.

Be persistent. Part II. Essays? WRITING THE GRANT APPLICATION. Be sure to include important information (e.g., the RFA or grant name, proposal name, agency name). PROPOSAL NARRATIVE (usually a total of 10-20 pages) After drafting the narrative, have someone with limited knowledge of the proposal give you feedback based on the review criteria. Review and tropical paper, critique your draft proposal using the scoring criteria used to review proposals.

Review and critique the draft proposal to see if it meets the writing history paper, proposal requirements. Prepare and present the final proposal in a reader-friendly format that will make scoring easy for grant reviewers (e.g., label sections based on proposal outline and criteria, use bold to tropical biome research, highlight key points). ABSTRACT/ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. The abstract/ executive summary (typically less than one page) should clearly and briefly summarize the proposal. Devote at least one sentence each to the statement of the problem/goal, context, project mission and objectives, organizational and community capacity, methods, evaluation plan, and plan for sustainability. Keep it clear and simple. The abstract should clearly articulate what the proposal is about, and how it fits the funding priorities and criteria. Although this will be the first thing the writing history paper, reviewer reads, it should typically be written last. Prepare the abstract after the rest of the proposal is complete. That way, you won’t have to rewrite it as your proposal evolves.

Statement of the Community Problem or Goal. State the community problem or goal to be addressed. Describe the active involvement of the community in paper defining the problems and essay on the enlightenment thinkers, goals and planning the approach. Biome Paper? Document evidence of the communication idea, problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use public records of community-level indicators and/or community surveys to communicate the importance of the problem/goal. Describe how you have determined that this project is rainforest biome research paper needed in your community (e.g., community assessments, surveys or public records that support the need for the project).

Document evidence of community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by cite excerpt, the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and rainforest, reports from the media. Essays Of Emerson? (You may want to use public forums and focus groups). If available, attach media reports on tropical rainforest biome research the issue or problem in this community. On The Enlightenment? State whom the problem or goal most affects and how they are affected by it. Describe how the problem or goal is linked to other related issues in the community. Describe the geographic area that defines the tropical rainforest, community (e.g., city, town or village, urban neighborhood or rural area), including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics (e.g., commercial/residential area, quality of enlightenment thinkers, physical environment, etc.). Biome Research? Describe the intended beneficiaries of the project and their relevant characteristics (i.e., ages of those affected, race/ethnicity, income levels, education levels, etc). State community assets, challenges, and cite essay excerpt, needs.

State other recent and current efforts in the community to address the problem/ goal. II. Biome Research Paper? PROJECT MISSION AND OBJECTIVES, ORGANIZATIONAL AND COMMUNITY CAPACITY. Mission and Objectives of the Project. State the vision for the project related to the problem or goal identified by the community. Main? State the mission of the project or initiative. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative State the key behavioral objectives for the community project or initiative (e.g., what are the measurable impacts that could be expected in 3 – 5 years.

Describe the Organization's Capacity to Conduct the tropical biome research paper, Project. Include: A brief overview of the organization, including its mission or purpose, and statistics uk, its clients or groups that benefit from its work. Process checklist: defining organizational structure and operating mechanisms. Organizational development (how long has it been around, how it has grown, how has capacity been extended).

If applicable, include information about agency or staff accreditation or licensure. Resources and tropical paper, assets (e.g., people, financial, etc.). Include a summary of key personnel and partners, including their experience and skills, previous work in addressing the problem or goal to be addressed, and their anticipated roles in this initiative – including percentage of time dedicated to the program. Identify the relationship of the lead contact for the proposal to do my statistics, the Applicant organization. Describe the Community’s Capacity to Address this Problem/ Goal. Include:

Community assets and resources. Level of readiness to tropical biome, engage in this work, including results of any previous assessments of readiness or capacity (if available). Describe support from and collaboration with other organizations. Essays Of Emerson? Describe the roles of other partners in developing the proposed project, and how the proposed project will involve them in operations. State how you will collaborate with other organizations to research paper, address client needs and avoid duplication of services. Attach letters from collaborating organizations. (Letters of support should be on the organization’s letterhead and include the name, title, telephone number and essays, e-mail address of the appropriate contact person within the partner organization). Describe the factors or conditions that contribute to the problem or goal. Research? Describe the personal factors (e.g., past history, knowledge, and skills) and environmental factors (e.g., available support and resources, policies) that may contribute to the problem/goal. Describe the lead agency’s previous work addressing the problem/goal. Sad Short? Describe significant accomplishments of the tropical research, organization and successes with related projects (if new, of members or staff in previous roles).

Attach media reports in essay thinkers Appendix A, if available. First, identify the tropical rainforest research, objectives and strategies for the proposal consistent with the aims of the RFA. Then, address the essays, following: Intended Beneficiaries and How to Reach Them. Identify primary groups to benefit and other prioritized groups to biome, be reached through the statistics assignment uk, project. Describe the universal approaches to be used to reach many or all of the rainforest paper, people in the prioritized group. Describe the targeted approaches to be used to reach those at higher risk for the problem or concern. Mobilizing Resources and Overcoming Barriers.

Describe the people who could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets they could contribute, and how they will be engaged in the project. Describe material resources (e.g., money, equipment) which could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets that could be contributed, and how they will be used. Identify the key stakeholders (those who have something to gain or lose by the efforts to address the problem or goal) and how they will be involved in cite excerpt the project. Tropical Biome Research? Describe potential sources of sad short story, resistance to the project, the tropical rainforest research, forms it might take, and how resistance could be reduced. Troubleshooting Guide: We are facing opposition or conflict. Describe potential barriers to the project, the forms it might take, and how barriers could be removed or reduced. Cite Excerpt? Troubleshooting Guide for Solving Problems: Common Problems, Reflection Questions, and Links to Support Tools Proposed Project Activities Logic Model.

Include a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change for tropical rainforest your project. Be sure to main, include: Intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include immediate, intermediate, and longer-term effects) Outputs or products of the group’s activities Activities or interventions to bring about change andimprovement Inputs, resources and barriers for meeting the tropical rainforest, initiative’s objectives The context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the main idea, intended outcomes The objectives of your project The vision and mission of tropical rainforest research, your project Intervention and Action Plan – complete and include the following: Components of the Intervention (for example) Specific Elements of the Intervention. Providing Information and Enhancing Skills. (e.g., workshops to train skills on…) Enhancing Services and essay enlightenment, Support.

Modifying Access, Barriers, and Opportunities. Changing the Consequences (e.g., incentives) Modifying Policies and Broader Systems. Other (be specific): Action Plan for Implementation. Element of the Intervention (e.g., workshop)

What needs to be done: It may be appropriate to include an implementation timeline (sometimes, this is appropriate to rainforest paper, include in communication idea the appendix). Indicate the role of documentation/evaluation and feedback in supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Describe the biome research paper, results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative.

Describe your criteria or indicators for judging success. Do My Statistics Uk? How will success be measured? Indicate how evidence will be gathered about whether the project as conducted was consistent with the plan. Note how this information will be used to rainforest research, improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how evidence will be gathered about the contribution of the assignment uk, intervention to the outcomes of the project. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how information will be gathered to support the rainforest biome, objectives of the funders. Describe how the performance measures identified by the funder (especially for state or federal grants) will be collected and measured. Indicate how information about satisfaction of stakeholders and collaborators with the communication, project will be gathered regularly.

Note how this information will be gathered and used to enhance functioning of the initiative. Indicate how community-level indicators (e.g., children immunized; incidence of drinking and rainforest paper, driving or related injuries; percentage of people who are overweight) will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or goal. Indicate how the behaviors (or products of behavior) of prioritized groups will be measured to enlightenment, determine whether the initiative had an effect on key behaviors (e.g., percentage of tropical paper, people reporting regular physical activity or being overweight.) Indicate how community and system change (e.g., new or modified programs, policies, or practices) will be documented to determine whether the environment has changed related to the mission. Indicate how other things occurring in the community during the initiative will be documented to determine how they may have contributed to the observed effects (or lack of effects). Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. This should include a description of the activities, services or products to be offered. Generate an annual budget, including:

All projected expenses (e.g., salaries, office expenses, rent, utilities, phone and computer expenses, equipment, travel, etc) All projected income - based on current sources of funding and other in-kind resources. Use the anticipated budget to: Evaluate the financial resources needed to sustain the sad short story essays, programs and services of the initiative. Tropical Rainforest? Identify ways to generate resources other than money (e.g., time, materials) to meet some of the anticipated expenses. Indicate how you will use potential tactics for financial sustainability, including:

Sharing positions and statistics uk, resources Becoming a line item in an existing budget of another organization Incorporating the tropical, initiative’s activities or services into another organization with a similar mission Applying for grants Outline a specific action plan for essay sustaining the organization or effort (i.e., who will do what, by tropical rainforest, when to implement chosen tactics for sustainability) Include appropriate supplemental items in the Appendix. The appendix should not include any information essential for the review of the application since the review of the appendix is often optional for the reviewer. Include appropriate Letters of statistics, Support (LOS). Establish relationships and be sure to request letters well in advance of the tropical, submission deadline. Review all prepared materials carefully prior to submission. Review the checklist for following funders' guidelines for story practical tips to maximize chances for success. Example 1: Grant application to The Vicki Scott Foundation to improve healthcare access for Hispanics. 2506 Crestline Circle. Lawrence, KS 66047. People for Universal Health Care.

September 22, 2000. Kansas State Health Department. Attn: Grant Committee. 618 N. Bay Country. Topeka, KS 67525. Dear Sir or Madam: The mission of our organization is to tropical rainforest research, improve the health and sad short story, well-being of children in research paper Marshall County, Kansas through education and improved community programs.

We would like to do my statistics assignment, raise the immunization rates of Marshall County to the national goal of 90%, from their current levels of tropical rainforest research paper, 69%, in the next five years. We are interested in immunization rates in Marshall County because there is little or no system to enlightenment thinkers, ensure that the children of that community receive proper immunizations. Too few children receive proper immunizations by the age of two years, even though childhood vaccinations have been acknowledged as the most cost-effective way to prevent certain infectious diseases. Tropical Rainforest Biome Paper? Therefore our goal is to increase the rate of children, particularly those at the age of two or younger, having been adequately vaccinated in Marshall County. We believe that we have the excerpt, capacity to rainforest biome paper, carry out this initiative because we have a strong history of success in child and history thesis, youth services, as well as health and wellness services. Our members include employees of Latvia Memorial Hospital, such as nurses, technicians, and a member of the business office.

Our organization also includes a member of the local United Way, the community health department, and several community members who serve various functions within the county. Our organization has a variety of resources for funding, including donations of needed supplies by tropical biome, the local hospitals and clinics. The County Health Department and local health organizations, including the United Way, also contribute to our funds with annual donations. Finally, our organization receives financial assistance through fundraising by local businesses. We are requesting additional funding from the Kansas State Health Department to help start this initiative. Story? We chose to approach you because we feel that our organizations have similar missions: to improve the health and well-being of Kansans. Biome Paper? We are targeting one particular population of essays, Kansans at this time: the children of Marshall County. Thank you for your time and consideration. I. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM AND CONTEXT. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM OR CONCERN. State the community problem or concern to research, be addressed.

We are concerned about the growing number of uninsured/underinsured Hispanic workers in the Durham, NC community. This community has issues of access related to language barriers, the lack of health insurance, and writing history, the lack of transportation to rainforest biome research paper, the clinics currently available in the area. On The Thinkers? It is also noted that many area clinics such as the Lincoln Community Health Center are overwhelmed by the increasing number of research, Hispanics in need of cite essay, health care services. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use existing public records of community level indicators and/or community surveys.

Document evidence of community concern about the tropical biome paper, issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and reports from the do my statistics assignment, media. Rainforest? State who is essays affected by biome research, the problem or concern and sad short story, how they are affected by it. The immigrant population is primarily affected by the problem of lack of access to adequate health care. The area health clinics and hospitals are overwhelmed by the influx of the biome, growing Hispanic population and are finding it difficult to meet the needs of this community. DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMUNITY. Describe the geographic area that defines the community including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics. Durham, North Carolina is a medium-sized city, and excerpt, (along with Raleigh and Chapel Hill), it is one of the three towns comprising what is commonly known as The Research Triangle. Known as the City of Medicine, Durham is perhaps best known by outsiders for tropical rainforest research paper the Durham Bulls minor league baseball team and for Duke University and Medical Center. Assignment? Durham is also home to tropical biome, two other colleges, North Carolina Central University (the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans), and Durham Technical Community College. The town is very diverse, already boasting the same racial diversity that America will have in 2050.

It is also a city that is growing very rapidly. Story Essays? In 1999, the estimated population of Durham was 204,097; that figure represents over a 10% increase from the estimated population in 1990 (181,835 people). Biome? While the town was founded primarily with money from tobacco over a hundred years ago, it is now a major center for research and development, with major corporations such as IBM and Glaxo Wellcome having a home in Research Triangle Park, most of which is a part of the city of Durham. Indeed, trying to cope with the excerpt, booming growth that has hit the area is biome research paper one of the largest challenges facing area planners. Describe the community people who are the intended beneficiaries of the story, project and their relevant characteristics. Our project is tropical rainforest paper being developed to serve the needs of Hispanic residents of Durham County, including those who have come to this country illegally. In 1996, the official figure published by the Census Bureau for of emerson Hispanics was a population of 3,466, or 1.8% of the population. However, local Hispanic advocates estimate the true figure is closer to tropical rainforest biome research, 8,000 residents. As Katie Pomerans, the essay, Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of Citizen Services puts it, [The Census figures definitely don't] have anything to do with reality. Rainforest Biome Research? They're grossly undercounting, and it makes no sense.

Any way you count it, the number of Hispanics in the county is on the rise. The Census Bureau states that the Hispanic population of Durham grew by paper, 11% from 1995 -- 1996, and paper, the number of Hispanic children in schools jumped by 25% during the same time period. This increase in of emerson population has been noticed in the medical community as well. Lincoln Community Health Center, a low-cost clinic that charges a sliding scale, is seeing its Hispanic clientele grow markedly. For example, in just the two years from 1994 and 1996, the percentage of the patient population that was Hispanic tripled, from 2.7% to 7.1% of the clinic's visitors. This increase shows no signs of slowing down, and is severely straining the tropical rainforest research paper, clinic's resources. As a whole, Hispanics in writing paper thesis the United States have a myriad of problems that make them less likely to seek and obtain health care. Research? Nationwide, only 11% of Hispanics have at least a Bachelor's degree, as compared to writing history thesis, 28% of non-Hispanic whites.

They are three times more likely to live in poverty than non-Hispanic whites (26% vs. 8%); 34% of Hispanic children live in poverty. Hispanics are also much less likely to have health insurance, even if they do have full-time jobs. A recent study done by The Commonwealth Fund found that 37% of Hispanics who work full-time are not covered by insurance, compared with 20% of tropical rainforest biome paper, blacks and on the, 12% of whites. The Hispanic community in Durham, as is the case with Hispanics throughout the country, have unique health care needs. Rainforest Biome? Not the least of these is actually having the resources to get them in the door of idea essay, a medical office. Biome Paper? As The News and Observer, one of the local newspapers, reported last summer, The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers -- including a language gap and lack of enlightenment, transportation -- haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office.

Even in the face of adequate medical care, Hispanics still, as a whole, are affected by many medical problems to a much greater extent than are members of other racial or ethnic groups. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and tuberculosis are all health concerns which occur in tropical biome paper Hispanics more frequently than in other populations. The recent rubella epidemic among area Hispanics is another example of the need for culturally appropriate health care in our community. Clearly, this population needs more medical assistance than it is currently receiving in Durham. ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OR SITUATION. Identify the basic conditions or root causes that may contribute to cite, the problem or concern.

Include which behaviors of whom need to change to address the problem or concern. It is tropical rainforest paper ironic that in the City of enlightenment thinkers, Medicine there are residents who cannot get adequate health care. Unfortunately, that irony exists; and rainforest biome research, it is growing to such an paper, extent that this irony is quickly becoming a tragedy. The booming Hispanic population is at the root of this problem. The rate of immigration, both legal and illegal, into the city is unprecedented in the area's history. Existing resources, including the Public Health Department and Lincoln Community Health Center, are being strained beyond capacity. And quite simply, in tropical research many cases Hispanics in our community cannot afford to go anywhere else. Essays? In Durham in 1990, for example, 285 households headed by Hispanics had incomes below $24, 999; and 157 had incomes below $14,999.

In addition, in tropical biome research paper many cases, barriers of language and knowledge are difficult to overcome. While some clinics have Spanish-speaking personnel or interpreters, many do not. Additionally, the communication essay, very people who do not regularly seek medical care in the community are the same people who are unaware of the resources already available in the community (for example, STD hotlines in Spanish and rainforest research paper, disaster assistance). ORGANIZATIONAL CAPACITY TO CONDUCT THE PROJECT. Describe the nature, depth and continuity of the organization's leadership. Our board of directors is made up of dedicated, passionate medical and non-medical personnel.

They have shown continuous dedication to on the, their community through past fundraising and biome, volunteer efforts. Our current Board is made up of physicians, physician assistants, nurses, pharmacists, social workers and community leaders, including members of the Latino community. Important posts in the clinic will be filled as follows. Medical Director: MD Executive Director: PA-C Clinical Manager: RN (paid position?) Describe other resources and assets of the organization. We have already 50 volunteers offering at story, least two hours per month to staff the tropical research paper, clinic as follows, per night: Volunteers will be scheduled regularly as first Wednesday or second Wednesday, etc.

Describe the organization's past history of success related to the proposed work. While we are new as a group, our many years of service to the community will prove invaluable in this endeavor. Members of our board have over 75 years combined experience in medicine and over 100 years experience working in the Hispanic community. We have chosen board members based on their experience, proven dedication and commitment to this cause. Describe support from and history paper, collaboration with other relevant organizations. Our networking capabilities extend into local, state and national professional organizations such as the American Medical Association, American Academy of Physician Assistants, American Nurses Association, and American Pharmacists Association. We are working with some of the rainforest research, local professional groups and other local charitable groups to writing history, form partnerships for rainforest the clinic.

Partnerships could include financial and in-kind support, dedicated volunteer hours, and leadership and administrative support. We also receive guidance and writing thesis, support from tropical research paper Volunteers in Healthcare, the Public Health Foundation and cite, the Free Clinic Foundation. II. PROJECT VISION, MISSION, AND OBJECTIVES. State the positive vision for the community related to the problem or concern. Helping the Latino community will pay for itself many times over in tropical research the future. A community is only as successful and communication main idea essay, productive as each of its citizens. By helping some, we're helping all. State the mission of the project or initiative. To provide culturally-appropriate free primary health care services to individuals who lack access to care, especially those of rainforest biome research, Hispanic origin.

This will be accomplished through a culturally-diverse, volunteer-based organization with emphasis on education and outreach. State the communication idea essay, overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative. The overall objective of this project is to improve the health of the Hispanic population of Durham. III. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION/ METHODS OF INTERVENTION. TARGETS OF CHANGE AND HOW REACH THEM. Identify primary targets of change. All members of the Latino community of Durham, regardless of age, religion, country of origin, immigration status or ability to pay. Indicate how targets will be reached by the intervention. Our primary means of reaching the Hispanic population will be through the local Spanish-language media. On a secondary level, board members will be expected to meet monthly, and tropical biome paper, receive feedback from community leaders quarterly.

Information received from these meetings will be evaluated and essay thinkers, acted upon accordingly. MOBILIZING HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES. Describe the biome, people who could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets they could contribute, and essays, how they might be engaged in addressing the problem. Any members of the community who are willing to donate their time and rainforest biome paper, help improve the health status of the Latino community. Essays Of Emerson? This volunteer pool can include community and religious leaders, trained healthcare workers, administrative personnel and members of the media. Describe material resources which could potentially help address the problem or concern, the tropical rainforest, assets that could be contributed, and how they might be used to address the problem. We will be looking for in-kind donations of communication main, new and used medical equipment including exam tables, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals. Tropical Rainforest Research? We will also be in need of history paper thesis, office and record-keeping materials. The local media will be called upon to donate advertising space and general support.

Identify the key stakeholders and how they will be involved in the project. There are many people who will be affected by this project. Those most affected of course will be the recipients of the clinic's services, primarily the Hispanic population. We are anticipating they will have better access to basic health care services and their overall state of health will improve through this increased access. Tropical Biome Research Paper? They will be involved not only as patients of the clinic but also through their feedback they will help to organize and plan services. We are hopeful that these same patients will become advocates of good health practices and peer educators in their community. Another large group which will be affected through the institution of of emerson, this project are the rainforest biome research, local hospitals and clinics which serve this same population.

These institutions are overwhelmed with the large influx of this population in the area and will certainly benefit from a number of their patients receiving basic health services in of emerson our clinic. This will free up more time and resources for them to deal with the more complex cases. They are also involved heavily as many of the rainforest research, volunteers for our clinic will come from these same health institutions. Finally the sad short story essays, local community churches which serve this same population will also be affected by this project. Tropical Rainforest? We have collaborated with these organizations for some time now and they also are involved with the organizing, planning, and outreach educational services. The also serve as a valuable source of volunteers as well as patients and our collaboration is a key to the success of this clinic. TARGETS, BEHAVIORS, AND STRATEGIES FOR INTERVENTION. Outline the key targets of change, key behaviors that need to change, and the strategies or intervention components to be used to essay, change behavior. There are several groups we see as key targets of change.

Broadly, the Durham health care community needs to address this overwhelming problem of the migrant Hispanic population’s difficult access to healthcare as a separate and more comprehensive issue. Though each individual institution has taken steps to address the issues on an individual level, the numbers of these patients are becoming overwhelming and need to be addressed on the community level. Our clinic offers a wonderful opportunity for this issue to be addressed on a community level. Tropical Rainforest? Also this clinic tackles the issues of language barriers, the lack of essay, health insurance, and the lack of transportation to the other health services currently available in the area. These institutions can address some of these issues through outreach programs at our clinic as well as serving as volunteers and addressing the issue at biome research paper, a personal level. Secondly, the Hispanic migrant community itself must change. With improved access to healthcare comes the statistics assignment, individual responsibility to take advantage of these services in not only the rainforest paper, treatment of communication, illness but also in tropical rainforest the prevention of essays, illness. Many health issues can be not only prevented through immunizations, education, and lifestyle changes but can also be arrested in the earlier stages of illness if addressed at an earlier time. These issues can also be addressed throughout clinic, however the rainforest biome, true work here must begin at main idea essay, the community level. Through individuals as well as the community churches those in the Hispanic migrant community must educate each other about healthcare maintenance preventative issues.

This can be addressed in a continual education and rainforest biome, outreach network working closely with the writing history paper thesis, clinic and in the local churches and surrounding community. Describe what success will look like for the project or initiative. Success can be defined as serving a desired volume of patients or by tropical research paper, making an impact on one individual patient. Story Essays? It will take about six to eight weeks to reach the anticipated patient volume, but a positive individual impact can be seen on tropical biome research paper the first night. We expect to see 500 patients in essays the first six months. As we are a new project, our original goals for tropical research success are modest. As we continue and grow as an organization, we hope to expand our focus, and to measure the effect of story essays, our project on the overall health of Hispanics in Durham. More specifically increased rates of immunizations and increased screening and treatment of; tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension.

We are also planning to address many basic primary care concerns such as upper respiratory infections and ear infections in children. What indicators or benchmarks can help detect improvements in the problem or concern. As addressed above one simple indicator we can follow in order to biome, evaluate the success of story, our program is the immunization rates of both children and adults. It is also possible to measure or compare screening rates for tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension through percentages within those at risk in the patient population. Even more specifically we can track the follow up visits for tropical paper the treatment of those with these same diseases. Essay Excerpt? We also must ask for the community leaders and churches to address their community for biome research evaluation and essay excerpt, possible improvement of our services.

Indicate how implementation of the intervention will be monitored. Note how this information will be fed back to rainforest biome, improve functioning of the initiative. The indicators mentioned above will be monitored on paper thesis a monthly basis. Also monitored will be the number of new and return patients. These measures of performance will be recorded by the nurses and tropical rainforest paper, providers in the patients’ charts at the time as reason for the visit and will be collected and recorded in a master document by history paper thesis, the non-medical assistants helping that same evening. For at least the first year following the implementation of the project the tropical rainforest paper, Board will meet monthly to discuss any problems as well as the history paper, progress of the clinic.

The community leaders will be asked on a quarterly basis to hold meetings within the rainforest paper, community either at communication main idea essay, churches or at local gatherings. Tropical Rainforest Research? This will be for essay on the thinkers both informing the people of the services available to them as well as requesting feedback from the research, community, which will be presented at on the enlightenment, monthly Board meetings for evaluation and possible implementation. During the hours of operations, technical and/or administrative problems will first be fielded by the Clinic Manager, to be followed-up by the Executive Director when necessary. Indicate how information about satisfaction of key stakeholders and with the project will be gathered regularly and used to enhance functioning of the initiative. As discussed above there will be monthly Board meetings to discuss any problems encountered as well as progress of the tropical biome research paper, clinic on a monthly basis for at least the first year of operation.

The community leaders will also be asked to reach out into their communities on at least a quarterly basis to both inform the community of the services available and any changes implemented. Here they will primarily ask the cite excerpt, community for any input they have concerning the clinics operations. This information will be presented to the Board at the monthly meetings. Additionally, as patients leave, we will ask them to tropical biome research paper, take part in an informal, oral interview that will remain anonymous (e.g., their names will not be attached to their answers). Those surveyed will be asked a short list of open-ended questions that have been reviewed by story essays, an expert in Hispanic studies and an epidemiologist. NB: Although an oral interview is not ideal, due to the possibility of bias (e.g., a desire to please the interviewer), we believe it is necessitated by the large percentage of our population who may be illiterate. Indicate how possible (negative) side effects of the biome paper, project or initiative will be detected and communication main, remedied. Note how this information will be used to rainforest biome research paper, minimize those side effects? Negative side effects of this project will be detected at several levels. The most essential level that will be monitored as to side effects is the community, especially the on the enlightenment, patient population. Information from these oral interviews mentioned above, both positive and negative, will be reviewed by our Board of Directors on a monthly basis, and tropical research, adjustments will be made accordingly.

This will also happen through the help of community leaders and churches. Here the population will be asked to give their feedback concerning the clinic and on the enlightenment, improvements or changes that need to be made. This information will be channeled back to the Board, which will try to implement as many changes as possible to tropical biome research paper, improve services. Another important group to be monitored will be that of the volunteer base which will help to of emerson, run the clinic. Tropical Rainforest Research? The volunteers will be encouraged to do my, express their concerns and biome research, ideas to both the Clinic Manager and the Executive Director who will express these concerns at the monthly Board meetings. We will also use suggestion boxes for volunteers who wish to make anonymous comments. These will be evaluated first by the Clinic Manager and presented at history paper, the monthly Board meetings for discussion. Indicate how community-level indicators will be used to tropical rainforest research, determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or concern. Most of writing history paper thesis, our indicators of success will be in the day to day numbers of how many patients were seen daily.

We will also track specific major public health issues, such as: The number of children immunized at our clinic The number of women receiving well-woman exams The number of tropical paper, patients screened/treated/educated for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases The number of patients receiving screening and/or treatment for diabetes, hypertension and tuberculosis The number of sad short, prenatal referrals that occur at our clinic. We will also work with other community health centers, most notably Lincoln Community Health Center and the Durham Public Health department, and tropical rainforest research paper, attempt to determine if there is a difference in their utilization due to our clinic. In the future, we hope to correlate the cite essay, numbers from our clinic with statistics from our community of overall health (e.g., the rate of STD's; the rate of immunization in the community, et cetera). However, this information and tropical rainforest research paper, work is outside of the domain of story essays, this original grant proposal. V. Tropical Rainforest Biome? PLAN FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY. List strategies that will be used to communication, sustain the initiative and/or its successful components after this grant ends. While the startup grant which we are applying for tropical rainforest research today is crucial to get our program on our feet, it is our goal that the program will eventually be entirely sustained through the use of local resources. To that end, our financial sustainability plan includes all of the following: United Way funding.

We are currently in negotiations with the United Way of statistics assignment, Durham County to receive a small stipend from tropical rainforest biome their annual budget. Funding from local churches. Main? Our Lady of Guadeloupe, a local Catholic parish with a large Hispanic population, has pledged a small donation of tropical rainforest biome, $750 annually to essays, help pay for some services. In-kind donations. We are lucky that the Triangle is home to several major pharmaceutical companies.

We are currently in rainforest biome research paper negotiations with several companies to have donations of medications and other medical equipment brought to our clinic on a semi-regular basis. Private, individual donations will be used to develop a core funding source to help the center run in perpetuity. We will also seek further grants from both public and private foundations to further our work. VI. OVERALL SIGNIFICANCE AND PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESS. In one paragraph, state WHY this project should be done: a) at all, b) in this community, c) at main idea essay, this time, and tropical biome research paper, d) by this organization. The need for of emerson free, culturally sensitive health care for the burgeoning Hispanic population in Durham County, North Carolina is great.

By all accounts, it will grow substantially in the coming decade. The recent rubella outbreak among area Hispanics offers us only biome, a small taste of what the story essays, future could bring. By acting now, our proposal offers a chance for a group of seasoned, dedicated professionals to start a clinic that will be able to grow with the growing Hispanic population. Tropical Paper? We hope our clinic will contribute to a thriving, diverse, healthy community , and ask that you seriously consider our proposal. Thank you. Appendix A: Attach Letters of Support and Commitment from essays Collaborating Organizations. Father Mark O'Reilly.

Our Lady of tropical biome, Guadeloupe Catholic Church. Durham, North Carolina 27704. Telephone (919) 477-6789. I am writing this letter in support of the new free Hispanic health care center that has been proposed in our community. I have been a priest in Durham for the past 15 years, and in my time here, I have seen my parish grow tremendously, primarily due to the large influx of Hispanic immigrants who continue to paper thesis, become our neighbors here in rainforest research paper town. As a priest, I am privy to essay on the, many of their difficulties, and it strikes me time and again how many of these problems are due to a lack of adequate health care. Many do not have money to rainforest biome research paper, go to the doctor. Of those who do, many are afraid to do so because of their immigration status, or because their English is not adequate to understand a clinician's directions or even explain their problems.

Many of these people I have accompanied to local clinics and served as their translator; but if I did this for every person who needed this in my parish, I would no longer have time for communication main idea essay anything else. I understand this letter will go to support a grant application, and will be read by those unfamiliar with this problem, with our community. Please understand that while you see words on a page, I am watching children die because they did not receive the care that was necessary. Tropical Biome Paper? The need is urgent, and the time to act upon essay, it is now. I have the tropical biome research paper, highest confidence in those who are running this new clinic. Cite Essay Excerpt? They are extremely competent clinicians who are well respected by this community. They can get things done.

Most importantly, they are passionately dedicated to this cause. I have total faith in their abilities to get things done, and I and my parish are supporting their work completely. We have offered them a modest stipend of $750 annually (the amount our parish could afford), and many of our parishioners will be volunteering at rainforest research, the clinic. I urge you to support their efforts as well. If I can be of any further service, please do not hesitate to let me know.

Yours in Christ, Human Relations Department. Big Drug Corporation. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27707. To Whom It May Concern: We are writing in support of the essays, new free clinic that is being proposed in our area.

As one of the nation's leading pharmaceutical providers, we believe it is important that the community in which we are based be one of the healthiest in our nation. It is to that end that we have pledged our support to this new clinic. It is part of our mission to give something back to the community that graciously houses us. Although we have not yet finalized the specifics of our donation to paper, the new clinic, we hope to sad short, be a regular benefactor, probably through donations of our products. Tropical Research Paper? We believe the clinic will do outstanding work and fill a necessary niche in our community. We hope that you will join us in supporting this worthy endeavor.

If you have any questions, please feel free to on the enlightenment thinkers, contact our office at tropical rainforest, (919) 383-1234. Julie R. Nielson. Human Relations Associate. Big Drug Corporation. Appendix B: Documentation of the growing Hispanic population in Durham. December 21, 1997.

The News Observer. Estimate alarms Hispanic advocates. By NED GLASCOCK; STAFF WRITER. RALEIGH -- The U.S. Do My Statistics Assignment? Census Bureau says North Carolina's Hispanic population continues to multiply. But Hispanic advocates say Uncle Sam still hasn't figured out how to rainforest biome research, count.

New population estimates continue to underestimate the true scope of North Carolina's recent wave of Hispanic immigration, advocates say. They worry that the cite essay excerpt, apparent underestimation could mislead policy-makers about the level of research, state and local resources needed to sad short story essays, address the influx. The Census Bureau estimates that 134,384 Hispanics lived in the state in July 1996, an 11 percent increase over 1995 and 73 percent more than in the 1990 census. However, the tropical rainforest biome, new figure falls far below the estimate of 205,000 made by state health officials in 1996, said Katie Pomerans, Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of Citizen Services, a wing of the essay excerpt, state Department of tropical paper, Health and Human Services. A lot is at risk, Pomerans said.

The reason why they count population is because we're supposed to offer services to that population. Story Essays? You plan for growth that way - for tropical biome the number of history paper thesis, schools you need, the number of tropical rainforest biome research, parking spaces you need. But nobody knows the actual figure, even after they count it. In addition, racial and ethnic counts are used to help draw congressional voting districts, and some federal agencies and other organizations rely on them for their formulas to allocate money. In the Triangle, the apparent discrepancy between official figures and reality is pronounced in Durham, where estimates by local Hispanic groups put the population about cite excerpt 8,000. The bureau, in contrast, says 3,466 Hispanics called Durham home in 1996, representing 1.8 percent of the county's population. It definitely doesn't have anything to do with reality, Pomerans said. They're grossly undercounting there, and it makes no sense. Although the Census Bureau says Durham's Hispanic population grew by 11 percent from 1995 to biome research paper, 1996, the number of Hispanic children in the Durham public schools jumped by 25 percent over the same time frame, from 562 to 705, she said. Hispanic advocates also question the excerpt, figures for other Triangle counties. The Census Bureau reported: - 11,227 Hispanics in Wake County, or 2.1 percent of the county's population.

That figure is a 15 percent increase from the rainforest paper, year before and a 103 percent rise since 1990. 2,508 Hispanics in Orange County, or 2.3 percent of the population. That number is 12 percent higher than the 1995 figure and 93 percent higher than 1990's. Overall, Hispanics make up a tiny fraction of the state's population - 1.8 percent of the state's 7.3 million residents in on the 1996, according to the bureau. Still, even that percentage is on the increase: In 1990, Hispanics made up 1.2 percent of North Carolina's population. Nationally, the Census Bureau has forecast that Hispanic people will represent almost a quarter of the U.S. population by the year 2050, up from one-tenth currently.

The Census Bureau demographer who arrived at the new North Carolina figures was not available for comment last week. Agency publications caution that the new figures were produced using new methodology, were based on the 1990 census and biome research paper, should be used carefully. A number has a lot of consequences and can have a big impact, said Andrea Bazan Manson, vice president of El Pueblo Inc., a statewide Latino advocacy group based in the Triangle. Manson said the cite, group often uses estimates of tropical rainforest research paper, 250,000 to 300,000 for Hispanics in the state. The way that we base that is by taking into writing paper account migrant farm workers, she said. For years, Hispanic advocates across the country have complained about what they regard as undercounting. Whether the census data for biome research paper North Carolina are accurate or not, the trend of growth in story essays Hispanic numbers is undeniable and can still help guide policy-makers, said Susan Brock, a migrant health coordinator with the tropical biome research, nonprofit N.C. Primary Health Care Association. [The numbers] are not without value, particularly if you know they're an undercount, she said.

I don't know that any data [are] perfect. Many factors contribute to the underestimation of Hispanics, Brock said. Among them are the essays, language barrier and the fact that sometimes more than one Hispanic family lives in a house. Some of North Carolina's most recent immigrants, young men from Central and South America working construction jobs, bunk up at the rate of five, 10 or more per household. In addition, undocumented immigrants are reluctant to come forward and rainforest biome, be counted. Manson said the low estimate was expected, because advocacy groups in the state were not well-organized in 1990 and idea, because the rate of Hispanic immigration was rapid.

I am actually glad that people are learning and beginning to realize the numbers are low, she said. But we have a lot further to go in trying to make sure we get an accurate picture of how many Latinos make North Carolina their home. Pomerans acknowledged that it was difficult for tropical biome paper any agency to statistics assignment uk, track a tremendous surge in tropical biome research paper immigration such as the one North Carolina has experienced, especially over statistics assignment uk, the past several years. We have to just hope that with the next census, it's better done, she said. A lot of biome research paper, that depends on the help of the community and story essays, educating people about the importance of responding to tropical rainforest biome research, the census. February 22, 1998. The News Observer. Spanish lessons (Part A) (First of two parts) By Ruth Sheehan and Ned Glascock; Staff Writers. Lured by the prospect of good jobs in a humming economy, Latino immigrants have flocked to the Tar Heel State in record numbers this decade, literally helping build the new North Carolina as they forge new lives. But this historic demographic shift is sad short essays placing a large burden on state and local governments - a burden for which nearly every agency and branch of government is ill-prepared and rainforest biome research, under equipped.

Although Latinos remain a small fraction of North Carolina's overall population - about 2 percent - the U.S. Main Idea? Census Bureau estimates their numbers have increased more than 70 percent since 1990. Hardly a town has gone unchanged. Over the past six years, as Latino enrollment in the public schools has tripled and the number of Latinos receiving Medicaid has increased sixfold, the rainforest paper, government response has remained piecemeal. Some agencies have begun printing pamphlets in Spanish, hiring a few Spanish-speakers and holding crash courses to explain important cultural differences that can affect service delivery. Cite Excerpt? But there is no coordinated strategy. It is tropical research not as if this wave of immigration is do my some big surprise at this point, says Katie Pomerans, a liaison for the Spanish-speaking community with the state Department of tropical rainforest biome, Health and Human Services. It's a fact.

It's a reality. We are behind the curve, well behind the sad short story, curve on this one. Most of the difficulties revolve around language: schools struggling to teach children who don't speak fluent English; doctors and other health professionals who can't ask patients about their symptoms or explain medical procedures; police officers unable to complete a simple traffic stop with a Spanish-speaking driver, let alone question a crime victim or suspect. Latinos in North Carolina represent a variety of Latin American countries and every economic class. But it is the tropical rainforest biome, wave of working-class migration mainly from poor areas of cite essay, Mexico and Central America - and even other parts of the United States - that poses the biggest challenges for government. Adding to the problem in North Carolina is the state's inexperience with immigrants. Unlike many regions of the country, North Carolina has never been a significant destination for non-English-speaking immigrants.

And the answers for how to deal with this unprecedented influx of new residents - some legal, some not - have proved elusive. Government agencies in North Carolina are playing catch-up, says Aura Camacho Maas, a member of the state Human Relations Commission and founder of the Latin American Resource Center in Raleigh. I don't think anyone was prepared for the changes taking place in the region, she says. The first reaction from many different sectors was to ignore it. But I think we've evolved quite a bit from that.

People are beginning to address those issues now. But it will take a while. It requires developing human resources, it requires training - for the new community and the existing community. Government's struggle to match the rapid pace of change plays out in the classroom, the courthouse and the health clinic in nearly every community in North Carolina. Here is a collection of snapshots from the front lines. Among schoolchildren: Mary Mason's specialty is language.

But these days, she's preoccupied by the numbers. As coordinator of the English as a Second Language program at Athens Drive High School in Raleigh, Mason sees the demand arcing upward in what is perhaps the most crucial interface between new Latino immigrants and the state: the public schools. This year, Mason's program is research home to 206 kids, six teachers and two assistants. Statewide since 1990, Latino students' numbers have more than tripled, and the number of Latino kindergartners has almost quadrupled. The Wake County public schools have nearly doubled their ESL teaching positions in the past year, and the pace is so frantic that some new ESL teachers are sent into history paper the classroom while they're still training for tropical research certification. It's really breathing down our necks, says Tim Hart, Limited English Proficiency coordinator for Wake County. These children are here because somebody employs their parents, says Fran Hoch, who heads the essay, second languages program for the state Department of Public Instruction. And they're not the children of migrants, she says. They're here to stay.

We used to be doing our best just to give them whatever kind of schooling we could for the few months we had them, Hoch said. Now they are part of our accountability. Tropical Biome Research? If we don't serve them, they become part of our dropout rate. The state's answer, the essay thinkers, ESL program, has been outmatched almost from the start. Tropical Biome Research? In urban counties such as Wake, children are grouped by age and language proficiency. In rural counties, one ESL teacher might have to serve many schools, and classes can contain students from all over the world with a wide variety of ages and needs. The younger the child, the easier it is to pick up English - and the easier to learn a new language in a normal classroom environment. For high school students, it's more difficult; they not only are learning a new language, but also must use that language to study complicated subjects such as science, mathematics and literature. Says Hoch: There's a big difference between learning 'See Jane run,' and solving algebraic word problems. The state does not track dropout rates for ESL students.

But Mason, the high school ESL coordinator, has kept an sad short story essays, informal tally over the past few years. The boys, she says, have the tropical rainforest paper, hardest time. Of the last 26 she's taught, only two had graduated by May. The prospects are not good for communication these kids, she says. Consider the challenges facing Adriana Reyna, 15, who moved here a year and a half ago from Mexico. When she enrolled at Athens in August she could say only one word in English: Hi.

Now she spends two hours a day in ESL, and the rest of her time she is mainstreamed into courses where students are encouraged to discuss complex concepts. Reyna has no idea what her classmates are talking about. I say nothing, she says. I only listen. On the job: Inside the cramped, concrete-block duplex in Durham, Tom O'Connor listens intently to the Honduran woman with the long brown hair. In Spanish, she explains how her boss at tropical rainforest biome paper, a Raleigh fast-food restaurant has shorted her paycheck again.

And although she's a full-time worker, she receives no health benefits. O'Connor asks whether these things have happened to sad short, any of her co-workers. Her face creases with an expression that's part grin and part grimace. Solamente a los hispanos, she says. Only to the Hispanics. Creo que es que somos hispanos. Tropical Biome Paper? I think it's because we're Hispanics. O'Connor takes notes. He will look into it. As executive director of the non-profit N.C.

Occupational Safety and Health Project, O'Connor's job is to be an do my, advocate for ill-treated workers. More and more, his cases involve workers from Mexico and other countries south of the border. But truth be told, neither O'Connor nor the tropical rainforest, state labor department has a handle of this segment of the work force. It is North Carolina's boom, its abundance of jobs, that fuels the immigration surge. And the new arrivals, many fleeing poverty back home, play a vital role in the state's growing economy. Anyone driving past a construction site need only look to main idea essay, confirm that Hispanics make up a large and growing percentage of the workers erecting the rainforest research paper, new subdivisions, office buildings and shopping malls that mark North Carolina as a player in the New South.

They take some of the dirtiest and most dangerous jobs - slaughtering chickens, paving highways, logging trees. But at the state level, O'Connor and others whose job it is to know whether existing labor laws and policies are effective are flying half-blind. Sad Short? They have little but anecdotal evidence about Latinos' work conditions. They lack basic information about their numbers, their immigration status and the hazards they face on the job. Now, N.C. State University researchers - teaming up with O'Connor's advocacy organization, the state Department of Labor, labor activists and tropical, others - are undertaking an ambitious study of the state's Hispanic work force. The preliminary results raise as many questions as they answer, says Jeffrey Leiter, a professor of sociology and anthropology at NCSU, who is story essays helping lead the research. For example, Leiter says, he thought the team would find disproportionately high on-the-job injury rates for Hispanics, partly because of safety issues arising from the language barrier.

But an unexpected pattern emerged from the information on large work sites the team pieced together from federal and state databases: In certain job categories, a surprisingly low percentage of Latino employees reported workplace injuries. In the category concrete work, for instance, Latinos made up 26 percent of the tropical rainforest, work force in sad short 1995 but accounted for less than 8 percent of the reported injuries. If the reporting is research paper not accurate, we have a big problem identifying who is at risk and why, O'Connor says. We can't understand what the problems are and how to reduce injuries. If the data is telling us one thing and the reality is another, we have a big problem. Leiter's team of students and researchers will soon conduct field interviews to determine whether Hispanic workers are less likely to report injuries.

Perhaps it's a fear of reprisals or, if they are in the country illegally, a desire not to attract attention. O'Connor says some of the apparent under reporting might result from employer pressure. History? Some companies encourage injured Hispanic workers not to file worker's compensation claims, promising the company will cover medical costs, he says. Unaware of their rights, many injured workers agree, he says, only to be left without recourse later because they have no documentation of the injury. Appendix C: Documentation of health problems that face the Hispanic population. The News Observer. Rubella outbreak hits Latinos hard Illness, fear twin foes in Chatham. By Ben Stocking; Staff Writer Page: A1. SILER CITY - An outbreak of rubella - a disease that had been nearly eradicated in the United States - has spread with remarkable speed among Latin American immigrants in Chatham County. Tropical Rainforest Paper? Public health workers have documented 50 rubella cases so far, compared with 146 in the entire nation last year. To contain the outbreak, health workers have been going from thinkers home to home, business to business trying to persuade immigrants to be immunized.

Clinics have been held anywhere that Latinos gather, from tropical rainforest biome churches to supermarkets. Gaining their trust has been hard, said Maria Rangel-Sharpless, an epidemiologist with the state Division of Maternal and Child Health. We've had to overcome a lot of obstacles. Nearly four weeks into the outbreak, state and county health officials are confident that it is almost contained. Essays Of Emerson? But new cases are still being reported, and teams of tropical biome research, nurses and interpreters expect to continue their intensive immunization campaign for at sad short story essays, least another three weeks. Rubella, or German measles, is a virus that causes rashes and tropical rainforest paper, flu-like symptoms that last for nearly a week. The disease is mild in most people, but can be dangerous for pregnant women, especially those in the first trimester. Their children have a dramatically higher incidence of uk, birth defects such as blindness, deafness, heart problems and mental retardation. The outbreak poses no threat to anyone who has received the rubella vaccine - usually administered in childhood - but those who have not are susceptible. The disease has spread primarily among Latin Americans because they come from rainforest biome research countries that don't routinely vaccinate for rubella.

Many of the newcomers are unaware rubella can cause birth defects, and they are suspicious of government workers. Overwhelming majority: So far, 49 of the essays of emerson, 50 documented cases have been Latinos, including four pregnant women. Research? While most of the statistics assignment uk, cases have been discovered in Chatham County, five have been reported in neighboring Lee County and two others in neighboring Randolph County. State health officials have told departments in rainforest research nine other nearby counties, including Durham and Wake, to be on the lookout for additional cases. The first cases were spotted the second week of April by essay, a nurse at the Perdue poultry processing plant in Siler City. She noticed that two plant employees had developed rashes. By the following Monday, 13 more employees had developed the same rash, Sharpless said. The nurse called the Chatham health department, which notified state officials.

They ordered blood tests that showed the workers had rubella. Since then, the county has held clinics at nine Chatham businesses where the work forces range from 20 percent to 80 percent Hispanic. The first one began at tropical rainforest research, 5:30 a.m. Communication Essay? April 19, when health care workers vaccinated 650 people at the Perdue plant. nantly Hispanic neighborhoods and trying to persuade everyone to get vaccinated. Tropical Biome Research? Many Latinos have been receptive, said Melida Colindres, who has been helping the health department. But some have been fearful, especially those who come from rural areas where they had little or no contact with the essay on the thinkers, health care system in their home countries. We have had to go to their houses two or three times and really convince them that this is a health issue and tropical, that they needed the vaccine and that their children needed the main idea, vaccine, Colindres said. It didn't take too long before the the county workers had exhausted themselves, as well as some of their medical supplies, according to Brenda Dunn, nursing supervisor for the Chatham County Health Department. They called on the March of Dimes, which agreed to provide syringes and other supplies. They also requested assistance from the National Guard, which has sent in a team of medics to help give vaccinations. 8,000 vaccinations: The state is paying for the immunizations, which cost $8 each, according to Stefanie Groot, a spokeswoman for the state Division of research, Maternal and Child Health.

So far, about 8,000 people have been vaccinated. According to the 1990 census, Chatham has a population of about 43,000 people. But health department officials estimate that 7,000 to 8,000 Hispanics have moved to Chatham, most of them since the last census. With so many un-immunized people living in the area, and so many living and working in close contact, health care workers said conditions were ripe for essay on the thinkers the rapid spread of the disease. Rubella passes through casual contact, as easily as a cold. It's like a chain reaction, a domino effect, said Sharpless, the state epidemiologist who is tropical rainforest research tracking the cases. You just need one sick person and a bunch of susceptibles to start an epidemic. In one case, health care workers found 31 men living in the same house and as many as four families living in a single trailer. In such conditions, disease can spread very quickly.

Health care workers have also found that some Hispanics are working at two or three jobs, bringing the do my, disease from tropical biome paper one job site to the next. Tracking this outbreak has been especially difficult for health care workers because an unknown number of the Hispanics in Chatham have come to the country without documentation. Essay? Many live in fear of tropical research, being deported and are afraid to speak with any government representative. Do My Uk? Health care workers have gone out of their way to tropical, reassure people that they aren't going to be deported if they get the vaccine. We can usually get to the bottom of each case, but it does take an awful lot of reassuring them that we are a helping agency and not a threatening agency, said Dunn, the Chatham nursing supervisor. The National Guard medics came in statistics assignment uk uniform the first day, but since then have been working in civilian clothes so that the Hispanics wouldn't be intimidated. Biome Research Paper? Three-fourths Hispanic Dunn said roughly 75 percent of the people immunized so far by the Health Department have been Hispanic.

With health care workers focusing their efforts on the Hispanic community, many have worried that Americans who are uneasy about immigration will use the epidemic as an excuse to communication idea, justify discrimination. The state has received two calls from North Carolinians who wanted to know why the state was paying to vaccinate immigrants. Groot, with the state Division of tropical biome paper, Maternal and Child Health, said people need to realize that the essay, rubella outbreak is a public health issue, not an immigration issue. We're here to serve anyone who needs medical assistance, she said. Tropical Biome Paper? Part of essay, public health is containing disease - no matter where it originates or how it crops up. Research? We need to contain it to protect everyone. For his part, Jesus Luna, a Mexican immigrant who has lived in of emerson Siler City for two years, appreciates the tropical rainforest research, efforts that the health department has been making. He was vaccinated two weeks ago when a team of health care workers came to the Townsend chicken processing plant where he works. The health department has a good team working with the Hispanics, he said.

They told us it was very important to get vaccinated. People weren't aware of the danger. October 12, 1997. The News Observer. Minority health concerns heard. By CATHERINE CLABBY; STAFF WRITER. More than 300 people took state officials up on their offer Saturday and came to Raleigh to propose ways to improve the health of North Carolina's racial minority residents. But they didn't talk much about medicine. Instead, in heated discussions in sterile meeting rooms at cite excerpt, a Raleigh conference center they spoke long and loud about the social, economic and tropical biome research paper, spiritual threats to essays, people's well-being. They laid bare hostilities between races - especially African-Americans and Latinos - and tropical rainforest biome research paper, voiced eloquent pleas to story essays, set them aside.

And they filled page after page of bright orange sheets with advice on how state officials could better help people struggling against odds that white North Carolinians do not live with. When they were done, they demanded action. I suggest we do this annually and check to see if the state follows up on the recommendations, Mary Beamon of the Wake County chapter of N.C. Rainforest Biome? Fair Share suggested near the end of the day. If they don't, we can reiterate them. Sentiment was strong because participants know that racial minorities are more likely to suffer from all sorts of health threats. Using an approach now popular in do my statistics uk public health circles, staff members from the N.C. Office of Minority Health are seeking guidance from community leaders on how to do their jobs better. The men and women who arrived before breakfast at the Jane S. McKimmon Center and left just before dinner offered them an earful, including feelings on the health threats posed by violence.

Dr. Paul R. Tropical? G. Cunningham, a surgeon and trauma director at the East Carolina University School of Medicine, has concluded that doctors must view violence as a public health threat. That notion struck him after years of rushing mostly African-American and Latino young men into surgery to treat gunshot or knife wounds. Now he and other physicians are leaving the hospital grounds and volunteering in the community to try to prevent this plague. For a while I had become desensitized, he said. We had failed.

Luis Alvarenga, director of the essays, community group La Casa Multicultural, said the recent increase in robberies of tropical rainforest paper, Latinos in Durham is connected to do my statistics uk, other problems in the inner city. The street drug trade attracts armed thugs to poorer neighborhoods where Latino laborers live, he said. In every single neighborhood there is drug dealing going on, he said. That is bringing this viciousness in. At a session on environmental health risks encountered by people of research, color, Gary Grant, executive director of Concerned Citizens of Tillery, said poor towns and neighborhoods have become dumping grounds for polluting industries such as large-scale hog farms. Caroline Whitehead Doherty of the N.C. Office of Rural Health said migrant workers are not the only people who don't have adequate access to clean water. Rural residents who depend on wells frequently find their water supplies contaminated by agricultural runoff. Not all of them can afford to buy water every month, she said. By the end of the day, conference organizers had piles of envelopes stuffed with the orange sheets.

Participants, who came from across the state, suggested everything from eliminating the food tax to idea essay, putting counseling stations next to police substations in poor neighborhoods. Some were concerned that Gov. Jim Hunt hadn't attended what was billed as The Governor's Minority Health Conference. Barbara Pullen-Smith, director of the state's minority health office, assured people that Hunt would see their suggestions. A troubling current running through the gathering was the animosity between some African-Americans and Latinos. Alvarenga, the Durham Latino organizer, didn't have to say that many of the research, robberies he was discussing were committed by blacks. Several people knew. Ava White, who farms with her husband in Robeson County, said that some African-Americans resent that government funding might be used to provide services to those Latinos who are not legal residents and don't pay taxes at the same rate they do.

In Spanish, with help from an essay on the, interpreter, he thanked state health officials for bringing so many people together. He said much was accomplished by biome research, so much talk. But there was more work to be done. I think this is like a rising flame. The commitment you have made is a seed in our heart, he said, working his way to the challenge. It is important that tomorrow be different than today.

The racial division must end. We don't do this for ourselves but for the future. Then, perhaps because of Melendez' respectful tone - or perhaps because of the weight of writing history thesis, everything they shared - people cried. White, brown and black. Health gap: Some statistics showing the health risks facing minorities compared with whites in North Carolina: - Minority babies in this state are twice as likely as white infants to die. The average life expectancy for minority adults is five years shorter. African-Americans and other minorities are six times more likely to develop AIDS. Minority men are 2 1/2 times more likely to die from prostate cancer, and minority women are three times more likely to die of cervical cancer, which is easily treated when detected early. Minorities are 40 percent more likely to die from tropical research heart disease than whites.

Appendix D: Documentation of the lack of access to appropriate health care faced by the Hispanic population in Durham. The News Observer. Access to health care unequal in N. Carolina. By Ned Glascock; STAFF WRITER Page: A8. In North Carolina, the report from the Centers for Disease Control pointed to communication main, disparities among whites, blacks and Hispanics in access to health care in 1997. For instance, 12.8 percent of whites surveyed reported having no health-care coverage, compared to 20.4 percent of blacks and 21.4 percent for Hispanics.

The percentage of all North Carolina respondents who lacked health care was 14.7 percent, slightly above the national median of 12 percent. The report also painted a portrait of Tar Heel health. A slightly higher percentage of North Carolinians surveyed were obese - 18.4 percent - than the national median, 16.6 percent. About 16 percent of whites surveyed were considered obese, compared to nearly 30 percent of blacks and a quarter of Hispanics. Also, fewer North Carolinians in the survey exercised and drank alcohol than the U.S. Rainforest Biome Research Paper? median, but more smoked cigarettes. Nearly 41 percent of Tar Heels surveyed had not exercised in the past 30 days, compared to the national median of 28 percent. About 38 percent of North Carolina respondents said they drink alcohol, while the national median was 53.5 percent. And 26 percent of North Carolinians surveyed smoked cigarettes, with the national median pegged at 23.3 percent. In North Carolina, the survey did not include enough respondents in two categories - American Indian or Alaska native and Asian or Pacific Islander - to tabulate statistically reliable results. For Hispanics, a category of do my assignment uk, ethnic origin that includes people of tropical paper, any race, only 82 respondents were contacted in North Carolina, just above the cutoff of 50 required by the survey. The News Observer.

FINAL WORD Page: A32. Falling through the cracks: We used to essay enlightenment thinkers, be able to access the School Health Fund occasionally for certain medical needs of Hispanic children without Medicaid. But when the supplementary Medicaid program was funded, that money was rolled into the new program. So we now have no source of funds for paper these kids unless the on the, doctor will donate his/her services. Some will, bless their hearts.

But it is very hard to biome paper, get dental care, glasses, lab tests this way. We hope the General Assembly will rethink the qualifications for the Medicaid supplemental program so that children in need can be served. Migrant outreach worker Edgecombe County Schools. The News Observer Report says Hispanics lacking in of emerson health care. By The Associated Press Page: A11. CHICAGO -- Hispanics lack medical coverage more than any other U.S. ethnic group, and tropical rainforest research, the nation's fastest-growing minority suffers a higher share of ailments such as diabetes and AIDS, researchers say. Hispanics will comprise almost 11 percent of the cite essay, population by the year 2010 and will be the nation's largest minority group, census figures project. Yet poverty, lack of medical insurance for research many jobs they hold, and their minority status in health professions often effectively bar them from good medical care, researchers say. The situation gets even more bleak as Hispanics adopt U.S. culture -- including its smoking and eating patterns, said a report today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

The issue is devoted entirely to the topic of Hispanic health. Rates of diabetes among Hispanics run some three times higher than those among non-Hispanic whites, noted a journal editorial co-authored by Surgeon General Antonia C. Novello, the first Hispanic to hold that post. Dr. Novello wrote with two staffers at the U.S. Of Emerson? Public Health Service. Hypertension appears to be more prevalent, they said.

Hispanic children suffer disproportionately from lead poisoning and measles. Injuries and violent death are also tragically elevated among Hispanic children. Certain cancers also strike Hispanics at research paper, higher rates than non-Hispanic whites, as do tuberculosis, alcoholism, cirrhosis and infection with the AIDS virus, according to the editorial and a report by the AMA's Council on Scientific Affairs. The impact of the AIDS epidemic in certain Hispanic communities has been alarming, the editorial said. Although representing only 8 percent of the total U.S. Writing Thesis? population, Hispanics constitute approximately 15 percent of all reported cases of AIDS in the United States. Tropical Rainforest Biome? They said attacking the problem of intravenous drug abuse -- a major cause of assignment uk, AIDS virus infections in Hispanics -- was important. So is overcoming a well-known traditional resistance to acknowledging homosexuality in Hispanic communities, they said, because homosexual men account for a significant proportion of Hispanic AIDS victims.

Also recommended were developing cooperative efforts on the U.S.-Mexican border to improve Hispanic health, collecting better data on rainforest research paper the subject overall, and working harder to improve the health of on the, Hispanic children. A bright spot in the Hispanic health picture was in research on newborns, the editorial said. Despite relatively low family incomes, poor health insurance coverage, and low use of prenatal care, Mexican-American newborns have relatively low rates of death and rainforest biome research, of low-birth-weights when compared to non-Hispanic whites and to blacks. The News Observer. Latinos face health obstacles. By JEN GOMEZ; STAFF WRITER. DURHAM -- The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers - including a language gap and lack of transportation - haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office.

The key issue is the language barrier, said Mike McLaughlin, who conducted a study on writing Hispanic/Latino Health Issues through the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research. That was a clear finding, because if you can't communicate, it's pretty darn difficult to treat an illness. The study examined the issues health-care providers face when serving this young and fairly new ethnic group to North Carolina. Among other obstacles preventing low-income, immigrant Latinos from getting medical care: inadequate health insurance, lack of access to available benefits or services and transportation.

For the study, more than 200 health-care providers in North Carolina were surveyed, with 94 percent of local health departments participating, McLaughlin said. The study found that although Latinos make up 2 percent of the state's population, the rate of Latinos getting care is higher. In some health departments, Latinos made up 30 percent of the clientele being served. In 1997-1998, Latinos comprised 22.6 percent of the total caseload at the Durham County Health Department. The study was financed by the Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust in Winston-Salem; its complete findings will be released in mid-August. McLaughlin would only say: There was a clear thinking among local health-care providers that health care is a problem for tropical rainforest biome Hispanics in their communities. It's a situation that hasn't gone unnoticed among local Latino leaders and members of the medical community. To better connect Latinos with doctors and of emerson, medical agencies, they will be offering a health fair for Latinos on paper Sunday. More than 50 agencies and health-care providers will be there. Assignment Uk? It will be a place where Latinos can easily learn plenty about tropical paper their health and available services.

Health is a great concern for essays the Latino population, said Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman for the state Department of Health and Human Services. Tropical Rainforest Biome Research? Of the calls I get, I would say more than half of them are health-related. The fair will be from writing history paper thesis 3 to 6 p.m. in the gym and parking lot at Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, 810 W. Chapel Hill St. It was organized by a long list of agencies and Latino groups including El Centro Hispano, Duke Hospital and the National Guard. A slew of services and information will be offered. Tropical Biome Paper? Among them, screenings for cholesterol, hearing and vision will be provided.

Along with booths with information on AIDS, infant car seats, healthier eating and CPR demonstrations. The effort was spearheaded by do my statistics, members of El Centro Hispano, a Durham group that with help from tropical research paper a city grant provides services for Latinos. Ivan Parra, director of El Centro, who regularly handles Latinos' questions about essays of emerson health care, said he hopes the tropical paper, fair will reach a large portion of the community. Most people don't know about the (1-800-FOR-BABY) hot line for child care and prenatal services, Parra said. Essay Excerpt? Most people don't know about services of the Red Cross in disaster situations. Latino leaders say they are upbeat about biome paper recent efforts among grass-roots groups and medical agencies to educate people about available services. An informative health fair was held last year at La Fiesta, a cultural and educational event held annually at Chapel Hill. Another one is being planned for the Sept.

18-19 festivities. I think it's a good source of information for people, McLaughlin said of the writing paper, health fairs. Maybe on how to take care of themselves a little better, how to get care when they do, which can be difficult when you're a stranger in a strange land. Significant strides also have been made at hospitals and clinics, where bilingual personnel has been hired and paperwork is in Spanish. Andrea Bazan-Manson, a researcher at the state Office of Minority Health, was especially pleased to hear of the study, which she said was the research paper, first in-depth look at Latino health, because it also offered recommendations for improving Latino health. I think the enlightenment, health-care systems in North Carolina have realized that this is a community that is biome paper growing and we need to of emerson, start focusing on, Bazan-Manson said. A lot of them don't know what kind of services they can get. The Latino community is becoming aware of the services and using them and also paying for rainforest biome research them. The News Observer. Hispanics less likely to of emerson, have insurance, study finds.

By THE WASHINGTON POST. Minority workers, and especially Hispanic workers, are significantly less likely to have employer- provided health insurance than other workers in the same fields, according to a study from tropical biome research The Commonwealth Fund. The survey found that 37 percent of Hispanics with full-time jobs are not covered at writing, work , compared with 20 percent of blacks and 12 percent of whites. Perhaps the most important lesson learned from the tropical research, analysis is that having a job does not equalize chances of obtaining health insurance coverage for minority workers, the communication main idea, report concludes. This disparity suggests barriers to being insured beyond employment or having an employer that offers health insurance benefits.

One likely barrier is the growing out-of-pocket cost of employer-sponsored coverage - expenses that minority workers are less able to afford. The Commonwealth Fund study, based on biome a 1997 federal survey of 62,500 households, found that minorities were less likely to have employer-provided health coverage than whites whether they worked in large, medium or small companies. Recent health-care legislation will have little impact on cite essay minority health coverage rates, the rainforest paper, report said. To assist minority workers, more sweeping changes, including a larger public role, are almost certain to be necessary, it said. The News Observer. North Carolina is experiencing a wave of excerpt, Hispanic immigration that shows no signs of cresting and tropical biome paper, creates new challenges for public services, including health care. This week, The News Observer has teamed up with WRAL-TV and the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research for thinkers a special report on health care for tropical biome paper Hispanics.

The report is based on a study, published this month in the center's magazine, Insight, on the obstacles that keep Hispanics and health care apart. On Saturday, tune into WRAL-TV at 7 p.m. for on the enlightenment 30 Minutes, a weekly news magazine with host David Crabtree. On Sunday, see the Q section in The NO. Appendix D: Time Chart of Activities Needed to Implement the Intervention. Appendix E:Time Chart of Activities to Build the Organizations Capacity to be Effective. Example 2: Rural Community Recreation Project: Increase Access to tropical biome paper, Technology for sad short essays People with Disabilities. Personal names and tropical biome paper, addresses were removed at the project's request.

Other identifying information such as specific program names have also been changed for example purposes. Title: Rural Community Recreation Project (RCRP) Grant application to: The Community Foundation Assistive Technology Program. Contact person: Executive Director. Applicant organization : Assistive Technology Partnership (ATP) 501 (c) (3) organization. The mission of the Assistive Technology Partnership is to increase knowledge about and access to assistive technology and information technology for people with disabilities. People with disabilities, families, and providers that serve people with disabilities. Project title: Rural Community Recreation Project.

The Rural Community Recreation Project will address barriers to recreation participation faced by adults with disabilities. Assistive Technology Partnerships, in collaboration with multiple organizations, will promote inclusion, access, and availability of assistive technology used for excerpt recreation in two rural communities. Project activities will include community mapping of local recreation resources, training related to assistive technology use, provision of tropical research, assistive technology devices to community recreation sites, and communication essay, information dissemination. Time frame: January 1, 2004 - December 31, 2005. Statement of the tropical rainforest biome paper, community problem. Recreation is an important and desired aspect of life for people with and do my statistics assignment uk, without disabilities, but people with disabilities often face barriers to participation. Rainforest Paper? The lack of knowledge about existing resources, inaccessible facilities, lack of training by community recreation providers, and a lack of appropriate adaptive recreation equipment are significant barriers to desired recreation and writing paper thesis, community participation. Biome? A recent Harris Survey of Americans with Disabilities found that 69% of adults with disabilities report their disability prevents them in some way from idea essay getting around, attending cultural or sporting events, participating in recreation, or socializing with friends outside their home.

For individuals living in rural communities these barriers are even more exaggerated. In recent interviews, people with disabilities and community organizations discussed the tropical rainforest biome paper, barriers faced in the two sites selected for this project. A Rocky Mount citizen explained, In small communities, it is communication idea essay not that we just have a lot of buildings that someone can't get into, it is that people are in rainforest biome paper the dark ages and don't even think of people with disabilities doing anything [swimming, sports, clubs, college, working]. Why should recreation participation be more difficult for people with disabilities? Why are there often few existing adaptive recreation programs that provide accessible and inclusive facilities and even fewer facilities that have the assistive technology often required for many individuals with disabilities to participate in specific self-determined recreation activities? If people with disabilities are able to paper, find appropriate programs and/or necessary assistive technology they must often travel long distances.

By focusing efforts on increasing access to existing community resources, people with disabilities will not have to seek out specialized programs outside their home community - they can participate in their neighborhoods with family and tropical biome paper, friends. This project seeks to essay on the, equip consumers and recreation providers with access to assistive technology and the training necessary to achieve quality community recreation participation. The project will target two rural communities, Henderson and Rocky Mount. Tropical Rainforest Biome Research? The Henderson area includes Vance County and extends into three neighboring rural counties - Granville, Franklin and Warren. Data suggests that this community may include as many as 131,542 residents.

U.S. Excerpt? Census Bureau (1996) estimates indicate that 25,519 residents may have a disability. Research? The Rocky Mount area includes Edgecombe and cite excerpt, Nash counties and extends into biome research Halifax and Wilson counties. For this community state data shows 267,063 residents and U.S. Census Bureau estimates 51,809 residents with a disability. A lack of knowledge of recreation opportunities is one of the most common barriers to recreation participation among people with disabilities. Many people with disabilities simply don't know where to look for recreation opportunities, how to ask about cite excerpt accessibility or programs and when and how to assert their rights. This project will begin to address this knowledge barrier by tropical biome paper, identifying recreation opportunities through the community mapping activities.

Once people with disabilities know where to look for recreation opportunities, it is expected that recreation participation will increase. In addition, several factors contribute to the lack of inclusive recreation opportunities in rural communities. First, recreation professionals in rural areas are typically generalists with limited training and assignment uk, exposure to inclusive recreation for rainforest research paper people with disabilities. Though it may seem that these professionals show less initiative to history, address the needs of people with disabilities and include them in tropical biome paper community programs, it is often a lack of training and story, awareness of these needs that is the barrier. An aquatics director at a rural YMCA explained, I know I should want to help more people, but I don't feel adequate enough in my skills. Similarly, a superintendent at a state park near Henderson showed surprise when first learning about assistive fishing gear and tropical rainforest biome research, noting that he previously assumed that their $200,000 accessible fishing pier was sufficient. Training and technical assistance project activities will address this barrier to participation by providing the cite essay, knowledge, skills and abilities needed to support inclusive recreation opportunities. Secondly, rural recreation providers generally have less financial ability to acquire assistive technology required to make many recreation opportunities accessible to paper, people with disabilities.

Recreation providers and individuals may not know that equipment is available that enable active participation for people with disabilities, how to obtain the equipment, or how to use the equipment appropriately. Handcycles, sports wheelchairs, bowling ball ramps, and electronic fishing reels are just a few examples of equipment and assistive technology that can improve recreation participation. Funds provided by this project will bring the sad short story, financial resources into tropical rainforest biome research paper these rural communities to purchase assistive technology for recreation that they would not otherwise be able to afford. This equipment will remain in do my the community and benefit the community for years to come. PROJECT VISION, MISSION AND OBJECTIVES. The vision of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to increase recreation participation among people with disabilities. The mission of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to eliminate barriers to recreation participation for paper adults with disabilities living in Henderson and history thesis, Rocky Mount and surrounding areas by increasing awareness and access to recreation through assistive technology and training.

Overall objectives for the project include the following: An increase in the awareness of existing community resources and the benefits associated with participation in traditional and nontraditional recreational opportunities and increased participation rates; An increase in the number of community recreational opportunities that are accessible, inclusive and have necessary adaptive equipment from which residents with disabilities may choose; An increase of tropical biome, knowledge by writing history paper, community recreation providers, resulting in more responsive and rainforest research, inclusive service provision to essays, consumers with disabilities; An increase in the availability of assistive technology for recreation activities with increased recreation participation by individuals with disabilities; The development of community commitment to rainforest research, sustain project outcomes through the maintenance of assistive technology at community sites and website. The target population for this project is statistics assignment uk adults with physical or cognitive disabilities who have limited access to tropical rainforest biome paper, community recreation opportunities. Recreation providers are also a target population. Mobilizing human and main idea, material resources.

The human and material resources are gained primarily from the lead project organization, the project staff and research, collaborators. Together, they will implement the project. The lead organization, Assistive Technology Partnership, is a private non-profit organization, established in 1994. It operates with a 13-member board of directors. Board members include individuals with disabilities, parents of essay, children with disabilities in addition to tropical rainforest paper, representatives from state agencies, businesses, and the medical and education community. Having provided services in sad short story essays 100 counties, ATP has state-wide reach. Rainforest Research Paper? ATP also has a mailing list of 5,000 individuals and of emerson, organizations, important for the marketing and outreach of research paper, this project. ATP has received numerous grants and completed many successful projects.

The executive director for ATP will serve as the project director for this project. Essay On The Enlightenment Thinkers? Responsibilities will include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations; coordination of site trainings; liaison with community network groups; oversight of contract employees; dissemination of information and reports; preparation of required reports; and coordination and oversight of AT mini grants. The community mapping coordinator will be responsible for the community mapping process including the training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing format for paper the community resource web page, oversight of the programmer, data entry and web developer. The third member of the project staff is the training coordinator. Responsibilities of the training coordinator include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. Numerous key stakeholders have been identified as collaborators in the project. Essay? Much of the success and sustainability of the tropical rainforest research paper, project depends on of emerson these collaborators. An initial list of tropical rainforest paper, collaborators and their role in the project is as follows: Kerr Lake State Park has already begun building accessible facilities and has agreed to be a pilot site for training and essays of emerson, placement of assistive technology.

Vance County Senior Center will provide space for staff who will complete the community mapping phase of the project. Sunrise Medical will provide trainers, equipment for demonstrations, and training and discounts on purchase of recreation equipment. Governor's Council on research paper Physical Fitness and essay enlightenment, Health will provide in kind staff support, involvement of local fitness councils and rainforest biome paper, financial support through matching funds. Independent Living Program will disseminate information, identify participants and provide a recreation therapist for training. Rocky Mount Transit will provide additional transportation to essays of emerson, recreation opportunities. The Center for Recreation and Disability Studies will provide in-kind training and staff support.

Vance County Tourism will disseminate information. Henderson/Vance County Chamber of Commerce will coordinate activities within the tropical biome research paper, business community and add links to website. The project activities will take place in four phases with each building upon on the thinkers, the other to achieve the research paper, project goals. Phase 1: Community resource mapping. Community resource mapping is an writing history, organized process through which communities can identify specific resource organizations or groups in the recreation sector. Approximately 50 resources will be identified in each community. Each resource will be surveyed to find out more specific information about how to improve access for people with disabilities to tropical rainforest research, recreation opportunities (e.g., through training, modifications and assistive technology). The surveyors will be community citizens, three at each site, who will be hired and essay, trained to collect information from identified recreation providers. After surveys are completed, the information is tropical entered into a database that will be used for the website and a resource directory. Phase 2: Training and technical assistance. Based on the information gathered during the do my statistics, community mapping, recreation providers will either be offered generic or specialized training.

Generic training many include education about the Americans with Disabilities Act and access in recreation settings, disability awareness and best practices for inclusion. Specialized training may include workshops, clinics, and experiential events to expose consumers and providers to a variety of biome paper, adaptive sports, activities and assistive technology and train providers for further replication. Phase 3: Assistive Technology Mini Grants. Recreation providers identified during the sad short story essays, community mapping phase will be given an opportunity to apply for funding to purchase assistive technology. Funds will only be given to those providers who commit to maintaining and tropical rainforest paper, making the equipment available to people with disabilities beyond the two year grant period.

Training will be provided to all mini grant recipients to ensure proper use of the assistive technology. Phase 4: Information Dissemination. Results from the community mapping, training, and mini grant process will be made available to community members to encourage recreation participation. Do My? A searchable database containing community recreation information will be placed on a website and a computer will be placed in each community in a central, accessible location. A project manual also will be developed to biome research paper, serve as a tool for replication in other communities around the state. The following timetable includes major activities involved in each of the four phases of the project. The numbers along the essays of emerson, top of the table represent each month of the project period. The evaluation process will be initiated at the onset of the tropical biome, project and conducted throughout the two-year period to measure: (1) the effectiveness of project methods, (2) timeliness of services, (3) consumer satisfaction, (4) accomplishment of specific outcomes, and (5) replication potential. Several evaluation strategies will be used including choice response and sad short story essays, open-ended questionnaires in pre/post evaluation at all trainings, log of website usage, quarterly evaluation of use of assistive technology after community placement, and a review of record keeping.

The combination of biome research paper, these methods will provide process and outcome evaluation data. Plan for sad short financial sustainability. The involvement of collaborating organizations, specifically the involvement of the tropical rainforest research, Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health, is the do my, long-term plan for sustainability and replication of the project. The project fits within the long range goals of the Council and tropical rainforest biome paper, its plan to increase funding to support similar projects. Staff and enlightenment, fringe benefits are for the Project Director (calculated at .40 FTE).

Responsibilities include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the tropical rainforest research, project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations to diverse audiences; coordination of site trainings; serving as a liaison with community network groups, overseeing contract employees, dissemination of information and reports, preparation of required reports, coordination and oversight of AT mini grants and consumer and family stipends. Consultants and Professional fees include services provided by all other staff. This includes the community mapping coordinator and communication main idea essay, evaluator who will work 300 hours in year 1 and 200 hours in year 2 at a rate of $30 per hour. Responsibilities will include coordination of the community mapping process, training of surveyors, developing the tropical, survey instrument, developing the format for community mapping web page and resource guide, oversight of the programmer, data entry, web developing, and on the thinkers, project evaluation. The training coordinator will work 400 hours in year 1 and 2 at a rate of $15.50 per hour. Responsibilities will include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and tropical rainforest paper, generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers.

The community mapping surveyors include 6 individuals, 3 at each site, working 10 hours a week for a total of 12 weeks at a rate of $8.00 per essays hour. Clerical support is based on paper 8 hours per week. The web developer's rate is essay thinkers $65.00 per hour for a total of 50 hours in year 1 and 20 hours in year 2. Specialized community trainings will utilize trainers that will be contracted to rainforest biome research paper, provide a workshop on a given topic. Uk? The cost will be $500 per training for a total of 20 trainings in year 1 and 2. Travel is calculated at research paper, $ 0.325 per mile for community site visits for community mapping surveys and thesis, trainings, coordination and implementation of trainings, and collaboration. Project staff and biome research paper, contract employees will commute together when possible. Equipment is for the purchase of high cost assistive technology items. Specific items will be determined based on on the enlightenment community needs and requests through the mini-grant process. A computer also will be purchased and placed at each site so consumers and families will have increased access to the project website and Internet resources. Supplies include basic office supplies used by project staff and community surveyors.

The project also will purchase an array of rainforest research paper, low cost assistive technology items such as switches, foam, grips, etc. for use in each community as determined by specific needs. Printing and Postage will be used for story essays dissemination and tropical rainforest biome paper, marketing purposes. Rent is for a portion of the Assistive Technology Partnership space used for the project. Meetings include stipends for history consumers and families to attend training sessions to cover costs of travel and respite care. This amount also covers costs of refreshments at training sessions. Other: Phone expenses include all the phone line charges and rainforest biome paper, phone cards used by community mapping surveyors.

It also includes phone use for project staff. Accessibility needs includes costs associated with interpreter services, materials in alternate formats or any other provisions that might be needed to do my statistics, ensure access of tropical rainforest paper, trainings for people with disabilities.

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100 Science Topics for Research Papers. Tropical Rainforest Biome Research. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Science topics are interesting and easy to research because there are many current and reputable journals online. Start by essay on the enlightenment, browsing through the research, topic questions below, then look at some of the linked articles or continue your search online with the links provided. Depending on the requirements of your instructor, you may find everything you need right here.

Can microbial factories be an answer to the shortage of raw metals? Is the paleo diet (eating mostly meat) really the way prehistoric people lived? Is it the optimal diet for story essays, humans? Is Europe's opposition to genetically modified crops about science or economics? Can molecular biological research of rare genetic disorders help provide keys to understanding cancer and other illnesses? (see Laron syndrome) Scientists who study behavioral epigenetics suggest that traumatic experiences such as the biome research paper, Holocaust or the Cultural Revolution in China actually affect the sad short, DNA handed down to the next generation. Is behavioral epigenetics true? If so, how should we apply this idea? What is the molecular evidence that humans once interbred with Neanderthals?

With other now-extinct species? As men age, do they pass on rainforest biome, genetic abnormalities to their children? Is personalized medicine based on our own genome the wave of the future? Is stem cell treatment really promising? Will researchers really be able to use genetics to help us live both longer and healthier? How can microelectronics be used to help people with chronic ailments? What developments in on the enlightenment thinkers, nanotechnology are currently being made for medical applications? What is the effect of nanotechnology on research and tropical, development of medical technologies? Can microelectronics inside of essays contact lenses help diabetics control their blood sugar? What is nanotechnology for medical use? How can smart clothes be used to help medical patients?

How can nanotechnology be used to treat cancer patients? Do the tropical biome research, benefits of writing paper nanotechnology for tropical biome, medical uses outweigh the risks? What are the risks of developing nanotechnology in medicine? How can nanotechnology be used to work with DNA? Should we use nanobots to produce and deliver drugs to human patients? Are nanofibers the communication idea essay, answer to repairing spinal cord and brain injuries? Should we use nanotechnology to feed ourselves? What are the challenges of tropical rainforest paper nanomaterials and communication main essay, nano designs?

How could nanomedicine be used to tropical rainforest biome better treat patients in remote regions or the developing world? Can nanomedicine potentially extend the human lifespan? Will nanotechnologies make it possible for people to live in outer space? How can nanotechnologies help us clean up toxic waste? What is nanomaterial? How should nanomaterial be regulated? How can nanotechnology improve diagnostic testing in patients? Can covering surfaces with nanoparticles improve airplanes, houses, and essay excerpt, other structures? Is nanotechnology a viable commercial idea? Should we invest in further research and development? Is the desktop nanofabrication tool a viable option for low-cost, easy nanotechnology?

Can nanomaterials be used to reduce CO2 emissions? Nanomedicine Journal includes abstracts of current research as well as many free articles. Institute of Nanotechnology includes articles on the most recent developments as well as links to information on nanotechnology and reports of commercial viability. PhysOrg links to many bio and medicine nanotechnology articles. Biome Research Paper. Nanotechnology in Medicine: Huge Potential But What Are the Risks has science reviews which cover a variety of new nanotechnologies and their potential for helping people, with a discussion of the possible risks. Google Smart Contacts and NPR Report on Google Contacts for Diabetics: Google has developed smart glasses which are being tested, but the company is cite essay also interested in using microcomputers to rainforest biome research help diabetics monitor blood sugar levels. Smart Clothes for Medical Uses: NPR interview on Science Friday with a scientist developing nanofibers which could be used to writing history paper thesis produce smart clothes to monitor patients with cancer and other medical conditions. Is stem cell research ethical? What is tropical rainforest biome a chimera and how could it help stem cell research? What are the potential benefits and essay enlightenment thinkers, risks of tropical rainforest biome paper stem cell research?

Are microbes that create chemicals and antibiotics going to help us prevent infections? What is the best treatment for leukemia? What is gene therapy? What causes skin cancer? What is the best strategy for people to avoid getting cancer? Which cancers are we closest to finding cures for? What has been the impact of colonoscopy testing on colon cancer rates? Why do so many women get breast cancer? Why is of emerson malaria such a difficult disease to eliminate?

Will global warming make tropical diseases like malaria and dengue fever travel north? What is the best strategy to slow the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases? Why doesn't the flu vaccine work all the time? How likely is it that a pandemic will arise that will kill large numbers of people in the world? How well do childhood vaccines prevent diseases? What is the West Nile virus?

Why do people get epilepsy? How can it best be treated? Do doctors rely too much on tropical research paper, expensive medical imaging technologies? What causes Alzheimer's disease? Can memory loss and dementia be prevented?

How do cells protect the communication idea, body from rainforest research paper, disease? Does Chinese traditional medicine work better than Western medicine in some cases? What is the best indicator of an increased risk of heart disease? Are annual doctor's check-ups really necessary? Are they really the best way to communication help people stay healthy?

Why are some diseases that we thought we had eradicated (like the measles or whooping cough) returning to infect people? Is it beneficial or harmful for wild animals to have interactions with people? Can robots be used to help kill invasive species? How can robotic exosuits be used in tropical rainforest biome, industry and essays, business for training and increasing production? How are robots going to improve medicine?

A robot can now perform a routine colonoscopy. What is the future of surgical robots? How will self driving cars change the tropical rainforest biome research paper, way people live? Will delivery drones be bringing us our pizza and on the thinkers, mail? Is using drones for warfare a good or bad idea?

How can research on improving the artificial intelligence in robots teach us more about rainforest biome research, ourselves? What is hacking? Is it always bad? Can using system like bitcom help protect identity theft? What is the do my assignment, future of computing and artificial intelligence? What are the important issues about privacy and big data? How is bioinformatics transforming biology?

How can mining big data in the healthcare industry make us healthier? How can computer science programs and games like Eyewire help us understand the brain? Science Daily: ( Offers many reviews of new topics in science. Search for tropical biome research, your topic to essay excerpt find articles and rainforest biome research paper, links for paper thesis, further research. Tropical Research Paper. Los Angeles Times Science and Health: This online science news source offers readable articles on many of the most current science topics. Cite Essay Excerpt. You can find good ideas for topics here as well as research for your own paper. If you are required to get peer-reviewed articles, then you can search here for tropical rainforest, easy-to-read summaries and paper thesis, then look up the original articles online or in the library. Live Science Health: You can search this site for articles on rainforest biome paper, science topics, including health science. Story. This site often gives you links to tropical biome research original articles and government reports that can help you do your research. Medical News Today: Contains over 250,000 articles on a variety of health topics. Of Emerson. This site gives concise explanations of current research along with links to original papers or other information to help you further your research ideas.

You can email or print the articles on this site and find out if they are from academic publications. What technologies are in development to help people who are paralyzed? How does sleep deprivation affect health? Should sugar be regulated like a drug? What are the benefits and disadvantages of individual genome profiling? What is the Human Connectome Project and how will mapping of the human brain contribute to scientific knowledge? Are some cancers caused by tropical research paper, genes? Who are the sad short essays, Denisovans and how does their discovery alter our view of human evolution?

Can we develop an rainforest research paper anti-cancer vaccine? What can we do about crops which absorb toxins, such as the recent discovery of arsenic-tainted rice? What is the essays, ideal weight for longevity? What is the connection between diet and tropical rainforest biome paper, lifespan? What is Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)? Are we really in a post-antibiotic era as the CDC recently announced? What does this mean? Should scientific publication and grant systems be changed to give private citizens and younger scientists a voice if they have good ideas? Which diet choice is better: low fat, low sugar, or low carbs?

How can polio be eradicated? Why has the disease resurfaced? How important are the bacteria living in your bowels? How close are computers to mimicking the assignment uk, human brain? How can video games be used to solve scientific problems?

Do cell phones or microwaves cause cancer? How old is the universe? How important is tropical rainforest biome paper it to cite explore our solar system? Is space exploration really necessary? What is dark energy? What do we really know about the universe we live in?

What happened in the Big Bang? What have we learned about the universe from meteorites? Was there ever life on Mars? Why is Pluto no longer a planet? What caused the Astroid Belt? What has the International Space Station discovered that is biome paper most important? Is it realistic that people can live on another planet?

How will private space flight companies change the future of space exploration? Should the sad short story essays, United States return to rainforest biome research the moon and try to go to other planets? It has been claimed that going into space is important for scientific development. Essay Thinkers. Is that true? What scientific breakthroughs have come about through the space programs? What is the future of commercial space flight? What is the likelihood that a comet will strike the tropical biome paper, earth? What is the best way to detect and stop this? How can we solve the problem of space junk?

How have meteorites changed our view of the Universe? Is it likely that there is life on other planets? What would it take for a planet to have life? What is Dark Matter and why is it important? What are black holes? How has the Hubble Space Telescope changed the way we look at the Universe? What is Higgs Boson? Will it destroy the Universe? How do sunspots affect us on writing thesis, earth? How will private space flight companies change the development of space resources?

What is the likelihood that the rainforest research paper, Earth would be struck by communication main essay, a large asteroid or comet like the one believed to have killed off the dinosaurs? What can we do about it? Should humans really make the effort to rainforest biome research paper find a way to story essays live in space or on other planets? Is autism a kind of research paper brain damage? How can we help autistic savants become productive members of society? Why do we sleep?

How much sleep do we really need? How is sleep related to on the thinkers memory? How did human speech develop? Are there clues we can find in researching primate social interactions? How do we remember things? How reliable are our memories in recalling how things really happened? What is the importance of time and biome research paper, space in brain development and disease? Why do mothers protect their young and even risk their lives? How does our brain really work?

What is mental illness? Is there something we can learn from these different sorts of on the enlightenment mental states? Can endangered areas and animals be saved by helping local people develop alternative economies like raising tropical fish or ecotourism? Which of the rainforest biome, current science fiction movies is the most plausible? (pick one or more and evaluate its representation of science) How well do science museums really teach science? Why do birds have such beautifully colored feathers?

How are insects being used as models for writing paper, miniature robots? Why do animals hibernate? Should disposable products be banned or limited? What is rainforest biome Green building? How helpful is it to the environment and is it worth the extra cost? Should alternative energy companies get government subsidies? Is offshore drilling safe? Is recycling metal really important?? How important is cite essay climate change legislation? Is hydraulic fracking going to biome destroy important ecosystems? Which of the do my, following areas of science research do you find most interesting?

Research Topics in research, English Literature. by LisaKoski 33. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Technology Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and do my assignment, Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. really interested in molecular biology and genome mapping. Tropical Rainforest Paper. Virginia Kearney 10 days ago from United States. Sure Samantha, although I don't know what information is available on that topic. You can search for dog communication in Google Scholar to get some idea of essays any studies that have already been done. we are doing a project for science and i want to tropical rainforest biome paper do a project on how dogs communicate, would that be related to science? interested in moleculer biology and medicine. Story Essays. I am Interest in Data and rainforest research paper, communication network specially in performance analysis of VoIP over Wimax networks.

Tshivhinda Murunwa 5 weeks ago. Thank you so much. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Hi Celeste--I have many different science fair project ideas with full instructions. Paper Thesis. Look at paper my profile for ideas. Riley Bozarth 5 weeks ago. Plenty of cool topics in enlightenment thinkers, the Astronomy and tropical rainforest biome paper, Physics category.

I am at school and communication idea essay, I wanna ask. What would be a good project for science research class? Were having difficulty picking a project for our 'science fair'. It isn't really a science fair though more like a presentation. What good ideas can I use with like space stuff? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. EunJae, you might want to look at my science experiment about the salinity of water in tropical rainforest research, agriculture. How about in essays of emerson, agricultural aspects? Are there any common problems that arising nowadays?

I really need help. Thank you. it was interesting. I'm really interested in theoretical physics. Virginia Kearney 7 weeks ago from United States. Hi Lily, I have a lot of different science fair projects I have designed. The one that seems to suit your idea best is How does salt water affect seed germination. It is on owlcation, and you can find it by searching my profile page or googling it, or this link: Hi Virginia. I have a science fair coming up and I need help for paper, a topic. Sad Short Story. So I've already put down environmental management as my topic and destruction as my heading because I was going to conduct an experiment on rainforest, something else.

But now that won't work and I'm planning on doing a research project. So do you have any ideas of on the enlightenment thinkers what I could say that has anything to do with the destruction of the tropical rainforest biome research, earth? It would help if you would reply ASAP. Thanks xxx. [email protected] 8 weeks ago. Thank you for this information and I am learning from you. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Annie, you might try one of the following: Do multi media science presentations work more effectively to help students retain information? Which type of multi media teaching method is most effective for science students? Annie Blase 2 months ago. hi! ..I would like to have a research on teaching science through multimedia,, any suggestions what would be a good topic? Thank you.. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States.

Jessica--Good topic idea! Something like: What is the assignment uk, value of tropical rainforest biome research paper space exploration of other planets for humans? Jessica Jones 2 months ago. Communication Idea Essay. I think something on how looking at other planets in the universe helps us learn more about tropical biome paper, our own would be a good topic. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from essay on the, United States. Tropical Biome Research. Hi Suzie! You've come to the right place. Sad Short Essays. I have over 100 articles on writing and other articles on doing science projects. You can see my articles under my profile or just search for a topic. You can also see other articles written by tropical, me linked on the side. Suzie Sheep 3 months ago.

Hello Mrs. I would like some more tips for sad short, my students in my class. They all need a project on something. Cheers. Thank you so much ma'am. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Mini--I will add some microbiology topics. Thanks for the suggestion. Here are a couple of ideas taken from currently important research: What is the recent update on the Corynebacterium species and tropical rainforest research paper, their clinical significance? What are the best ways for medical personnel to handle the growing problem of antibacterial resistance? Can older techniques like anti-microbial peptides be used effectively to sad short treat bacteria?

I would like to tropical research paper know some potential research topics? related to essay on the enlightenment thinkers medical microbiology. I am currently doing my bachelor's in microbiology. Tropical Research. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Gaea and Meeme, I'm not exactly sure what you are looking for in applied science but you might want to cite check out my science fair experiments or else look at my topics regarding technology topics. hello :) your ideas are great but is biome research there any physical science experiment? just a simple experiment please? we're already on experimental research. Hi, the statistics assignment, ideas are all great, but I'm looking for a topic for experimental research on tropical rainforest research, physical or as they call it, applied science. Can you help me with that?

Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Purple--You might want to look at my article about Technology Topics. That one includes more links to articles. You might also look at my article on 100 Current Events because the bottom section talks about medical and health topics. Hi, the ideas are pretty good but i'm looking for do my, a quantitative research or experimental research related to the medical field. I have seen some from the given topics but i'm hoping there's more. :) Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi JJ-Try looking at my article on technology topics because that has a lot of links to help you out. If you are actually doing a science experiment and tropical research paper, not just a research paper, I have a lot of different step-by-step experiments too. You can find them by essay on the, going to my profile page. Are there easy topics that a secondary student could handle. Your ideas are good but its hard.

Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from rainforest biome, United States. Hi Anne--You might want to look at my article on statistics assignment, 100 Technology ideas. That includes some research article links and also does have both engineering and medical topics. Anne Nonaemusk 4 months ago. Just wanted to say that this website is tropical rainforest biome very helpful in our PR 1, but my classmate and essays of emerson, I are still confused on what research topic to tackle. I'm pursuing the medical field (STEM); my friend's engineering (STEM). Could you please suggest some topics for the both of us? We'd also greatly appreciate suggestions coming from the rainforest biome research, fellow readers.

We actually had our topics, yet it was rejected by cite, our professor because he told us that why would we even take STEM if our research topic would be off. So, we're struggling now in changing our topic. Please reply ASAP? Thank you very much! -A. N. Great! Thanks for the ideas! These are really great topics, some just give me an existential crisis though. Cristina Narvaez 4 months ago.

Very helpful and tropical research, mind blowing topics.. austinedgmon 4 months ago. this site is cool and helpful. Thank you for writing history paper thesis, your collection of tropical biome topics. this site is cite essay very usefull. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Jessica--If you want to build something, you might want to consider engineering topics. I have some articles about building a bomb detecting robot.

You might also want to research how to build nanobots. Tropical. I am in research science and assignment uk, I have no idea what I want to do. I'm interested in rainforest research, building something. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Jonah--Look out for a new article I'm writing on easy topics. Most of history thesis these are aimed at college students but I'm discovering that there are a lot of younger students looking for topics too.

Another place to tropical get some inspiration right now is my technology topics article, which gives a lot of links to research articles that you can use. That makes it easier because you get a head start on your research. Hi! These research ideas are all good. If you have any easier research topic pls do tell - still science related. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi ALX--If you are going to do a science project rather than a research paper, you might want to look up my science fair ideas.

I have over 10 proven science fair projects for ages from kindergarten through secondary school. If you are doing a paper and want a project to of emerson research, you might want to tropical biome research try looking at cite my article 100 Technology topics for rainforest research, essay because that one has a lot of links to essays articles you can use. Tropical Rainforest Biome Paper. Hello, I am going to enter a science competition but still can't find an interesting topic. These topics are good but hard for me to understand because I am only in secondary school (first year). Can anyone please help me . Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States.

Hi Maleni--Here are some topics that are very current: How can chemistry contribute to the development of essay new types of batteries? What are the ways biomacromolecules or synthetic molecules can be used in imaging or for tropical biome paper, new medical therapies? Maleni Anguisaca 6 months ago. Hello can anyone help me with a interesting topic for do my statistics assignment uk, my chemistry class? I have to do a paper bases on anything that has to tropical rainforest biome research paper do with chemistry! Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Essay Excerpt. Mirtha: Here are some alternative research questions on the topic of euthanasia: Do euthanasia tend to tropical rainforest biome happen more to poor people?

Should an individual be able to consider the burden of medical costs on sad short essays, their family when making a decision about euthanasia? What is the cause of most people wanting to choose euthanasia? Is there a moral difference between passive euthanasia vs. active physician-assisted dying? Mirtha Torres 6 months ago. What are other research questions that involve euthanasia? I am really interested in rainforest paper, writing about this, I'm just not sure how to form a scientific question about it for my research paper.

Please let me know the on the enlightenment thinkers, topics of Neuroscience? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from tropical rainforest biome research, United States. Tanner: for physical sciences, I'd do a nanotechnology topic. That is interesting and current and you should be able to find plenty to write about. Consider questions like: What is the future of nanotechnology?

Or How nanotechnology will improve our lives. what is a good topic for a physical science term paper that is 5 pages long. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. James: here are a couple of current topics you can consider: Are radiography departments prepared for morbidly obese patients? Another along this line would be: How has the increase in morbid obesity changed the medical field or changed radiography? How can the field of radiography best help patients to have better outcomes? JAMES VICTOR 6 months ago. Hello help me with a topic under radiography or in medical field (health sciences) Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from essay on the thinkers, United States. Tropical Biome Research. Hi Jafta, I would suggest that you look up some forensic study journals. That will give you an idea of the sad short story, types of articles and studies that are done in rainforest paper, forensic investigations. Uk. Getting a couple of rainforest paper sources on the same topic will put you ahead in writing your paper.

To write a topic for research, you need to cite essay excerpt find something that people are debating in forensic studies. Use these questions to help you choose a topic: What do you want to know more about? What is the most important unsolved problem? What can I research that will help me understand this job better? Can you please help me with the topic I am studying forensic investigation. The question is Based on your field of study, propose a suitable research topic for your study? Christiana Bethea 6 months ago. It really helps to find topics.

Matthew Zhu 6 months ago. Wow, how did you know I needed this? Thank you! I have a presentation at /2017/3/6/. hey can you post more science questions and ideas involving science? Virginia Kearney 7 months ago from tropical rainforest biome research paper, United States. Hi Manelisi--If you are looking for research topics in writing paper, a particular field or area, you will often get the best ideas by searching for current trends or current research in that field. You can also look at tropical rainforest biome paper the most recent journal articles in top journals of that field. Essay On The Enlightenment Thinkers. hi there I am mostly interested in chemistry. Tropical Rainforest Biome Research Paper. Both organic and inorganic chemistry. What fascinating research topics can I find there. Virginia Kearney 7 months ago from essay on the, United States. Hi, Keroki!

Nanotechnology is a particularly interesting field of study right now to research with changes happening all the time. Tropical Paper. However, if you have to conduct an experiment, then think about what your time period will be and choose something that you can complete during that time. There's so much to choose from and they're all so good but I can only pick one. What topic is of emerson best for a quantitative research, around 50 pages long? I really want an interesting topic so I can develop it further.

Not astronomy related because I might have to conduct action research. Xavier Keaton 7 months ago. I don't know what to choose, I'm a senior in high school, and have to find a topic that i will be and to write a ten page resaerch paper with. Any ideas? Thanks i need these ideas for tropical biome, my science report. History. Marie Impriem 7 months ago. Very helpful. Thanks.

I liked the topics. Very helpful. Thank you. luke siglow 8 months ago. Rainforest Biome. this is do my statistics assignment just awesome thanks for this. Rainforest Research. faith brugler 8 months ago. these ideas are great. Tayef Hasan 9 months ago. Do My Uk. I really love science. Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from United States.

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Check Science Daily for zoology news and you will find the communication, latest topics that are being researched. Tropical Rainforest. kindly suggest me topic for research now in zoology whatever is on the enlightenment thinkers it ob BS Level. You should do one on animals and other organisms. lokcxkvjhbd 11 months ago. This is very interesting information, some of these stuff I don't even know about. this is so interesting. Virginia Kearney 15 months ago from United States. Tropical. That is on the a good idea. Do you have some specific aspect of physical science that you are interested in pursuing? can you add some ideal topics about physical science? Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Hi, Kirti! Glad you were helped by the topics. My students are the ones who have helped to write many of my topics. That helps me to make sure that my topics are ones that students like to write about.

Kirti kannojiya 16 months ago. I love all the topics posted on this site. Chemistry and philosophy. Thanks! This is great, has so many helpful topics. :) Dylan Corey 20 months ago. Genetic engineering/ recombinant DNA. all are such an tropical biome interesting topics i am a student .my teacher said me to look this site i looked it has so many topics related to my studies. i like it.

My favorite thing to assignment learn about rainforest, is the big bang theory and what it was like during caveman times. luvscience 22 months ago. LUV all these ideas. ihatescienceyay 22 months ago. I hate science (yay) but some of these are really good! For example, the veraflu add!! ilovescience34 22 months ago. Amazing!

I loved these ideas! Thank you so much! how colors effect the mood. Amy 23 months ago from cite essay excerpt, Darlington, England. I clicked other as I love computer science, robotics, space science, genetics and theoretical physics. The latter being my main focus.

Aryan paharia 2 years ago. Rainforest Research. Very nice for young students I really liked it. Of Emerson. I guess you should have an example of tropical biome research paper scientific research. What I mean is essays you will give us topics then we will reasearch about it. Experiment is the exact word. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States.

Donald--I'm sorry you didn't find anything here that worked for you. I have a lot of other articles with topics for papers. You might want to try those. Didn't see a lot of topics on physics or physical chemistry, more on tropical research paper, those would be great :) This is a good website for young students. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and on the thinkers, Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and rainforest, others.

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essay on theodicy Essay on Theodicy. pothen to kakon. Where does evil come from ? was convincing the modern world. that he does not exist ! I will not drink urine for you, I will not go upside down for you . Coffin Texts, Spell 173 (III.47-48) The suffering of Job. and the Judaic concept of evil. Theodicy : definitions logical core. Theodicy (from Greek theos, god; dike, justice) is the reasonable justification of the nature, structure goal of evil in an order of things considered to be created by tropical rainforest research, God, considered as the transcendent author of righteousness and all good things (an eternal, absolute object or Being before all things).

Russell, J.B. Communication Idea. : The Devil , Cornell University Press - London, 1977, pp.259-260. Walking this difficult path of rainforest research paper, religious theodicy, t he question may be rephrased : how to understand the do my assignment Devil (the personification of the principle of evil) in God's creation ? Of course, we need to accept creation and God to work theodicy. Buddhist would ask : how to rainforest biome research paper understand suffering ? How to essays of emerson irreversibly stop it ? So, for the sake of argument, this theodicy accepts God and His Creation. Is, given these, a reasonable theodicy possible ? (2) the psychological experience of tropical biome paper, good evil is inherent in main young children unless society eradicates it ; (3) massive collective destructiveness is quantitatively qualitatively radically different from tropical rainforest paper, limited individual destructiveness ; (4) depth-psychology teaches the distinction between the personal Shadow and the collective Shadow (the latter comes close to essays a principle of evil) ; (5) chaos-theory describes the tropical rainforest biome paper strange attractors existing in turbulent phase-spaces ; (b) the intelligence with which evil sometimes operates suggest the presence of evil entities in creation (possessing memory, intelligence will) ; (c) if the cosmos is essay on the created, is then the creator not responsible for the evil which happens in it ? The arcanum of alchemy is one of these archetypal ideas that fills a gap in the Christian view of the world, namely, the tropical rainforest biome research paper unbridged gulf between the opposites, in particular between good and evil. Only logic knows a tertium non datur ; nature consists entirely of such 'thirds', since she is represented by effects which resolve an opposition - just as a waterfall mediates between 'above' and 'below'.

Jung, C.G. : Mysterium Coniunctionis, 1955, § 674. If evil exists in writing thesis God, the desire to tropical research struggle against that evil also exists and is manifest in the life and work of many people. This desire too, God has made ; this, too, is essays part of God. Thus the totality of God includes not only evil but resitance to evil. God creates the cosmos with evil in it, and with the rainforest biome research paper struggle against evil also in it. Deeper than the ambivalence of God is the love of God, which generated the cosmos in love and summons it to return in love. Russell, J.B. Of Emerson. : Lucifer , Cornell University Press - London, 1984, p.310. The fundamental logic of a coherent theodicy comes down.

to a moral choice between : I. EXCLUSIVE goodness : Pothen to kakon ? Radical Dualists : the tropical paper good God and the Devil are two opposed principles : * teleological : either the good God or the Devil is triumphant (the principles are reducible) ; * nihilist : the battle between Light Darkness is in itself eternal pointless (the principles are irreducible) ; Semidualists : the story good God makes use of His creatures, also the Devil, and has His Divine Reasons for tropical biome paper, doing so, with three variations : * divisionist : the redemption of the essay on the thinkers Devil is biome paper impossible ; * unitarist : the sad short Devil can be saved ; * liberal : evil is caused by the wrong free choices of superior forms of life (like angels humans) and tropical rainforest the chaotic, higher-order movements present in nature. II. INCLUSIVE wickedness : but also somehow evil. Pothen to story essays kakon ? Radical Monists : everything, all evil included, is an expression of the Will of God, who's goodness outweighs His wrath : * (neo)determinist : all evil is known willed by God before it happens or God knows all that happens when it happens ; * liberal : evil is biome caused by the wrong free choices of superior forms of life (angels humans) and the chaotic, higher-order movements present in essay nature ; * apophatic : God's Goodness is unlike anything good we know, hence everything except God is evil (the evil God creates is part of His existence, not of His essence). God Wills good and evil, but He only Wishes the good for humanity to rainforest biome research paper which He reveals the path ; Radical Satanists : the evil in God is essay on the greater than His goodness, hence God is Satan . The theology of the research Problem of Evil. entity to be transformed. I invite You to essays consider Satan as a reflection of how we perceive ourselves and those we call 'others'.

Satan has, after all, made a kind of profession out of being 'other'. Pagels, E. Biome Research. : The Origin of Satan , Vintage - New York, 1995, p.xviii. Schwarz, H.. : Evil , Fortress Press - Minneapolis, 1995, p.57. We first turn to Job, who expected help from the Divine against the Divine ! Job feels how the Divine allows the adversary (Satan) to give him more and more pain, but does not loose faith. History Paper. He does not understand what happens to tropical rainforest paper him, is mocked by ordinary humans, considered evil by essays of emerson, most. Of course ! They all desperately need scape-goats.

When his friend Elihu the Buzite does not believe the injustice of the tropical paper Lord ( Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art wicked ? - 34:12), Job cannot give up his faith in His Divine Justice but admits that no one except the Lord is doing him injustice and violence . I girded thee, though thou hast not known Me : That they may know from the rising of the sun, and sad short story essays from the west, that there is none beside Me. I am the Lord, and there is none else. I form the light, and create darkness : I make peace, and create evil : I the tropical research Lord do all these things . Clearly YHVH should always be situated above good and evil, for the essence of God is properly speaking beyond Names. Nothing of the Divine Essence is ever given, known, understood, prehended, revealed etc. Only the ALHYM are associated with the problem of left right, chaos order, night day. So God is good nor evil. There is essays of emerson only one God, but we limited mortals seem to see him as a double figure, willing both good and evil. Since evil is, it must be the will of God. Biome Research. Yet God also wills the good against paper thesis the evil. Thus it can be said that God wills evil ; God wills good ; God does not will evil ; God does not will good. To our limited understanding, some things appear good and others evil, but ultimately all evils are good, since all that God does is good.

Russell, J.B. : Mephistopheles , Cornell University Press - London, 1986, p.36. The Christian theology of evil. evil is non-being and God is ultimate goodness and being. Although, in tropical rainforest a text probably wrongly attributed to First Clement, we read he taught God rules the world with both hands, the right hand being Christ, the left Satan, later Christian theology (cf. Augustine) firmly adopted the Neo-Platonic concept, which viewed evil as privation boni , i.e. as non-being devoid of essay, goodness. Russell, J.B. : The Devil , Cornell University Press - London, 1977, pp.282. Carus, P. : The History of the Devil , Gramercy - New York, 1996, pp.454. Young, F.M. : Insight or Incoherence : The Greek Fathers on Good and Evil., Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 24, 1973, p.122. Laurentin, R : Le demon : mythe ou realite ? , Fayard - Paris, 1995, pp.102. Origen, Pelagius, Augustine, Luther Erasmus. Origen was correct when he considered a split eschaton to tropical biome research paper be a solution which imposed a final limitation on cite essay excerpt, infinite goodness . If the Divine is Good, then nothing should escape God's Mercy . For humanity, the Incarnation of the Son initiated the possibility of complete redemption and restoration (in the rainforest research Holy Spirit).

In order to defend God from the charge of injustice and arbitrariness, Origen correctly defined the hierarchy of being as a diversity resulting from free choices . However, like Clement of Alexandria before him, and in cite excerpt Neoplatonic style, he muddled the ontology (how things are - descriptive) with morality (how things should be - normative). Bernet, A. : Enquete sur les Anges , Perrin - Paris, 1997, p.45. In the mindset of Erasmus, the foreknowledge of God is not determining (for God does not foreknow something so that it will occur but only because it occurs ) and tropical rainforest biome so free will is history paper thesis really possible. Research Paper. In his On the on the enlightenment thinkers Freedom of the Will (1524), Erasmus argues that Judas could have changed his will. The foreknowledge of God could not have been compromised, for God would have foreknown even this and changed his own Will accordingly to realize His goals, and this despite Judas potential turn of mind . Although Erasmus conceded the tropical biome research grace of God is the primary factor while human free will remains a secondary cause, Luther moved towards determinism. the problems of traditional Christian theodicy. (1) The good Mercy of cite essay, God is not fully acknowledged, for on the Day of the End, at the End of Time, the Devil is not restored, but allowed to tropical biome limit the grand finale of the Divine, namely God being all in All. One should never pray for the souls of the damned (for they are beyond help) and demons cannot be saved. The most important quality of Divine goodness is missed (cf. Communication Main. Origen). between good evil.

is an eternal division. between heaven and hell. purgatory is emptied. eternally separated from God. Catholic and biome Orthodox Christians prefer to maintain the mysterium inequitatis instead of accepting the logic of God's incomprehensible essence and the accompaning notion that in do my assignment the end all turns out to be for rainforest paper, the best (cf.

His unlimited Goodness beyond good evil, restoring evil). On the contrary, the proposed final end is of emerson a state of eternal division between goodness evil. This is a very unsatisfactory solution from the point of view of the mystics (i.e. those who experience Him). Also, evil not properly understood is bound to rainforest biome paper control us. moral evil = freedom without responsibility.

G enuine freedom always implies responsibility (cf. Excerpt. Behaviours , 2006). Although Christians may affirm God is our Father, they should not expect He is there just to put things right for rainforest biome research, us. Idea Essay. Because we are born to be free exert our will, we pay for all eventual factual damages (like slowing down God's abstract Plan). (nobody is as good as Him) made a deal with The God. Man the Pharaonic Pretence. Good or khayr is tropical rainforest research positive, useful, profitable, beautiful. But, there is sad short no good but Allah. The opposite, sharr, is evil or lack of tropical rainforest research, goodness. Hence it is nonexistence (cf. Ibn Al'Arabi).

Good only emerges from essays, good. All what is good exists. Existence is goodness. Evil results when creatures fail to share in existence , i.e. do not become what they were before they became (cf. Junayd). Because evil is nothing, the proposition there IS no evil but Allah is nonsense. Hence, Allah is unlimited Goodness , for tropical rainforest biome, no creature is as good as Him, for there is nothing in essay creation like Him. Biome Paper. His Essence is not revealed, known or sensed. Ibn Al'Arabi : al-Futuhat al-Makkivva , II 502.21, translated by W.C.Chittick, 1989.

(2) the danger of moral permissiveness is essay on the enlightenment great (all evil being essentially a higher good, we can always say : Inshallah !) ; (3) the return of a confused concept of God is clearly present : how can a supremely good God allow Himself to be adorned with imperfect Names ? Is this not a scandal ? Blasphemy ? Evil in Chaostheory. from evil to good-in-evil to good. from good to evil-in-good to rainforest evil. natural chaos is a function of dynamical properties. Besides existing in cite essay excerpt the perverted free will, chaostheory puts into evidence disorder and unbalance are natural, dynamical properties of a system, i.e. chaos is restless, ever-changing and present as soon as three independent cycles are present. In the factual, natural realm of actual things, order chaos cannot be separated. Order, goodness, sanity balance are defined by a strong static architecture and its linear movements (symmetry).

Especially complex living systems are characterized by order chaos. Rainforest. Life itself can not be properly defined without the presence of non-linear, aperiodical, complex, irregular, not quite predictable, not completely erratic, more or less determinable movements (introducing symmetry-breaks). Often these movements are completely chaotic but can be characterized by a strange attractor in essay the phase-space depicting the route of the movement . Paper. This strange attractor is cite one of the biome gates to new order present within a chaotic system. Hence, chaos is ruled by a higher-order calculus. Natural chaos is a form of order (demons were fallen angels). Traditional theodicy remained too dependent of privation. Main Idea. Chaos is indeed a something , namely a positive type of movement expressing the rainforest biome research paper rule of a higher-order, a meta-form. This is more than holes in a Swiss cheese. in the natural realm of actual things. order chaos work together.

Chaostheory breaks away from a modern picture on being with its emphasis on a linear approach. This is rooted in the scholastic notion of chaos as privatio . In such an approach, order-within-chaos and chaos-within-order were unthinkable. A superdynamical interaction between order chaos was out of the question. As a result, no realistic interpretation of evil was presented. The good resulting from complex systems learning to steer chaos well was not appreciated (the formula of Esther ignored).

Non-linearity taboo. distinguishing between order chaos. in the factual side of do my statistics assignment, actual things (manifest being) The realm of (nominal) being (the world of facts or actual things) is a compound of order chaos . Rainforest Biome Research Paper. As we know, life on Earth is communication idea not limited to biome constructive, stable predictable forces (cf. the normal stresses operational when various natural cycles confront each other). Evolution evidences the tenacity with which intelligent systems overcome massive turbulence. The choices we make -as free actors and co-creators of being- will define our ability to steer chaos well . Excessive order excessive disorder destroy the fabric of life. distinguishing between factual actual things. the abstract interventions of God. Divine actuality (God's immanence or presence in His creation) is the statistics assignment best part of created being . It is as it were a permanent trace of the purity, freedom nobility of the tropical biome research Creator.

As nominal being is the actual, factual existence of the things objectified by our rational mind and cite excerpt our senses, Divine existence its hierarchy can metaphysically be nothing more than a world of abstracts able to rainforest research paper serve the Creator at work in the actual world. These particular abstracts co-determine the flow of events which constitute nominal existence and this by influencing the probable outcome through their respective form, code, information (cf. God as the Lord of Possibilities - cf. Whitehead). History. So although seemingly separated from the rainforest biome research factual actual world, the Creator (cf. the superforce or ultimate abstract) weighs certain probabilities, allowing them to manifest as a change of affairs in the state of actual things. Evil in Process Theology. In the philosophy of Albert North Whithead (1861 - 1947) and Charles Hartshorne (1897 - 2000), God's omnipotence is not coercive, but persuasive, meaning God does not exert unilateral control. The universe is a wholeness of events experiential in nature, with both a physical and a mental aspect. All events are important and contribute to the ongoing, interrelated, creative process of story essays, reality.

Hence, the tropical rainforest biome research universe is characterized by process and change carried out by self-determined agents. Everything in cite essay the universe, not just human beings, have this power of self-expression creativity (novelty). God cannot totally control events or any human, but, as the Lord of Possibilities, influences the exercise of this universal free will by offering possibilities to every possible event. God has a will or a say in everything, but not everything is God's will. Tropical Research Paper. God contains the universe all-comprehensively (surrelativism), but is not identical with it (pan-en-theism or theocosmocentrism, not pantheism or pandeism). Insofar as God interacts with the universe, God is changeable and affected by these events. However, the abstract elements of God (goodness, wisdom, etc.) remain eternally the same and set apart from the universe. By his Divine lure, God is the essays power in the universe inviting a multiplicity of free, deciding actualities to work together so goodness, beauty truth may come about. Summary of rainforest research paper, this Theodicy. A change of perspective is necessary to allow the consequences of chaostheory to have a positive influence on the traditional tenets of philosophy in general and theodicy in particular.

it is necessary to deal with evil as an writing thesis, existent thing (always tending towards the greatest possible randomness) and. no living process is totally devoid of non-linearity. In the scholastic interpretation, mathematical zero (nonbeing) is equated with evil, whereas in postmodern chaostheory, the chaotic function always finds -for the time variable going to infinity- its limit in zero. There is a subtle dynamical difference between both. The first presupposes a static framework, suggesting evil (as nonexistent) and biome good (as being) are for ever fixed in their respective stations. The latter is devoid of such an idea, and understands isolated chaos (and order) rather as exceptions, for factual existence is continuous movement transformation of order into chaos and vice versa . Enlightenment. Nonbeing is then the limit-idea or mental construct of what really happens after an infinite time has elapsed. In actual fact, good evil are always intermixed, and, for biome research paper, the absolutely Absolute good God, the mixture itself is evil . Semitic model : God is One and Alone. He is an unknown Divine Person responsible for good and evil alike (cf. Judaism Islam ). The advantage of this position is its universality, for natural evil and moral evil can both be understood as of Divine origin. God's will creates good and evil, although for us humans He wishes good only.

We have to main protect ourselves with God against tropical rainforest research paper God. The problem is God's remoteness, which contradicts His Presence in creation and in people, as well as His direct experience (mysticism) ; Greek model : God is a Principle of principles, the best of the best (Plato), the unmoved mover (Aristotle), the One even ecstacy does not reveal (Plotinus), impersonal and in no way evil or tained by absence or privation of being (cf. intellectual theologies, humanism, agnosticism, atheism). The problem here (as in Christianity) is the privatio boni , which contradicts natural inquiry and chaos theory. Essay Excerpt. Furthermore, as the ultimate spiritual experience (ecstacy) has no subject, it is tropical biome research not really an experience (cf. Plotinus and the experience of the One) ; Christian model : God is One essence in Three Persons, the Triune God revealed through Christ and completed by the Holy Spirit, never impersonal and cause of goodness ( Christianity ). Clearly, to the Greek disadvantage (evil cannot be an object of thought) another is added : the personal nature of God anthropomorphizes the Divine, albeit exclusively in the Person of communication essay, Christ. Also its theodicy is defunct : if evil exists only in the will (cf. Orthodoxy ), natural chaos cannot be explained (and hence Christianity does not favour natural enquiry and the scientific study of the world) ; Or iental model : God is One impersonal essence at rainforest, work in a complex manifold of personal impersonal self-manifestations (theophanies), in which God reveals Himself (Herself, Itself), as in Ancient Egypt , Hermetism , Hinduism , Taoism and most mystical philosophies. God is the Author of good and evil, although moral evil falls within the cite essay excerpt responsibility of man.

The moral law is part of creation (Maat, Dike, karma, dharma) and retribution is as sure as are cause and research paper effect. Cite Essay Excerpt. The personal nature of paper, God can be directly experienced. Although the impersonal nature of God does not interfere, all Divine self-manifestations are powers (natural laws) regulating nature. Buddism offers an exception : there is no God but only the Dharma. Good and evil are relative and belong to the conceptual mind. There is no evil which cannot be purified. Consider the following : 2. Creation is always a mixture of sad short story essays, order and chaos ; 3. As soon as three independent natural cycles emerge, natural chaos is a fact. This is a positive entity, not the absence of tropical biome paper, being. Not unlike the history paper sigils of demons, chaos has formal characteristics, the strange attractors.

They seem to be doorways to tropical rainforest biome research a higher dimensional order and because of them chaos has properties ; 4. With the denial of the laws of order, moral evil enters creation because man's consciousness settles in the omnipresent natural chaos and sedimentations of moral evil ; 5. God keeps natural chaos and moral evil within a certain compass by weighing probabilities. Temptations, perversion and violence allow people to make a true, existential choice for essay enlightenment thinkers, what is the best for each one of us ; 6. Creation is a freedom-engine. God created a being other-than-Himself and gave it the possibility to trespass and transgress. If He had not done so, no greater good could be realized, namely the sublimity of a free creature returning by its own intent to God ; the greater good of a willed salvation and an even greater liberation ; 7. True freedom, as true love, is tropical research always responsible, for only the fool sees his bad choices return to him. The choice for the greater good knows the transgression it rebukes ; 8. The closed system, linear as well as elliptic, is an communication essay, exception, for the transformation of differences (or energies) is research paper crucial. Story. Evil and chaos may be transformed into goodness and order (and vice versa).

Two evils may produce a good ; 9. In order to be able to choose, like the surfer, for the natural chaos suiting one's local purposes, a human being must learn to name, understand and integrate his or her shadow (cf. Jung). Rainforest Paper. Using the formula of Esther, people have to idea neutralize their moral evils in tropical rainforest biome research the black box, and they have to firmly refuse to cite essay project or work out their own natural and tropical rainforest paper moral wickedness upon others ; 10. Unitarism is the only solution of a rational theodicy : at the end of time, only God is left. Cite Essay Excerpt. The hyper goodness of God is however beyond creation, beyond good and evil. To be consistent with Mediterranean spirituality since Ancient Egypt, this essay conjectures a pan-en-theism beyond tales. On the one hand, the essence (ousia) of God is one sheer transcendent being and therefore ineffable and singular. Tropical Biome. On the other hand, God's immanence, personality, existence, energies, names or pluralities are every thing there is, except for the sedimentation of evil choices and all natural turbulences and their effects (contained by writing paper, God). This semidualism (God and the Devil are two) is against determinism and fatalism. Rainforest Biome Paper. It defends human freedom. It is assignment uk liberalist.

Without free will, or a choice slipping through uncertainty, ethics and thus responsibility are impossible. Determinism and tropical rainforest solipsism avoid the confrontation with action, either by mechanizing it (eliminating the random, stochastic factor, the uncertainty typical for natural process, in history paper thesis this case : human choice), or by non-action ending in quietism and a-morality ; the curse of great civilizations, destroyed because they are unable to adapt to constant change. The unitarist envisions God's Mercy to return all to All, implying unity in tropical rainforest paper the beginning (before creation), unity in the permutations (during creation) and unity at cite essay, the end (after creation). Hence, eventually all evil will somehow return to God who wants the happiness of biome research, every creature (cf. Origen's apokatastasis or the Sufi cooling of the fire - cf. Ibn Al'Arabi).

This semidualist, liberal and unitarist position is more or less logically sound, but cannot eliminate the problem of all theodicies accepting the (hyper-) goodness of God. Idea Essay. Understanding the truth of suffering excludes accepting vague explanations about biome research paper, why so much evil is going on. Why does God not intervene ? Even a human father would not allow his children to play with a smoking gun. So why would God ? Perhaps Sartre was right : the presence of suffering is the best proof no good or hyper-good God exists (cf. Does the Divine exist ? , 2005).

This may leads into the obscurity of uk, inclusive wickedness and the acceptance of the Devil as the lowest degree of God, making diabolical sadism like the Holocaust the rainforest biome expression of the wickedness, cruelty and perversion of God Himself ! Clearly no clear concept of communication idea essay, Divinity is possible if this is allowed. initiated : 11 XI 1997 - last update : 20 III 2009 - version n°10.