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Mohenjodaro Essays and Research Papers. Ethics of Investing The concept of investing ethically is to purchase, with an anticipation of obtaining higher returns, the mansfield financial instruments issued by . corporations which involve in ethical activities for their business. Resume. Simply put, Ethical investing is a way to psy 3315 mansfield, make a difference, earn good returns and also feel good about what your money’s up to. Of Essays. More generally we can define an ethical investor to be the person who seeks to psy 3315 coursework, invest sums of money usually through mutual funds or unit trusts. Business ethics , Collective investment scheme , Ethics 1596 Words | 5 Pages. |[pic] Mohenjo-daro (Urdu: ???? ?????, Sindhi: ???? ?? ???, English: Mound of the dead) was a city of the Indus Valley Civilization built around 2600 BC and . is located in paper, the Sindh Province of Pakistan. Psy 3315. This ancient five thousand year old city is the largest of Indus Valley and is widely recognized as one of the most important early cities of South Asia and the Indus Valley Civilization. Mohenjo Daro was one of the world’s first cities and contemporaneous with ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations. Bronze Age , Harappa , Indus Valley Civilization 615 Words | 3 Pages. Archaeologist Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay. ancient Bengal language.
He was born in 1885 and died in 1930 (1). He graduated with honors from Presidency College in Calcutta which is located in West . Bengal in le champi resume, India. One of Bandyopadhyay’s most known discoveries was finding the site called Mohenjodaro . This was very important because this site was from the Harappan culture which dates back to coursework, approximately 2800 B.C(2). Along with finding this site, archaeologist Rakhaldas also wrote various books and articles that interpreted his findings. One. Bronze Age , Harappa , India 899 Words | 3 Pages. Indus Valley Civilization. The earliest traces of civilization in the Indian subcontinent are to be found in places along, or close, to resume, the Indus river. Psy 3315. . Excavations first conducted in essays school shootings, 1921-22, in the ancient cities of Harappa and psy 3315 coursework, Mohenjodaro , both now in Pakistan, pointed to a highly complex civilization that first developed some 4,500-5,000 years ago, and shootings, subsequent archaeological and historical research has now furnished us with a more detailed picture of the Indus Valley Civilization and its.
Harappa , India , Indus River 840 Words | 3 Pages. it is situated far away from the sea coast. Mansfield. H.T Lambrick criticized this theory. H.T. Lambick suggest that shifting away of the Indus River is the reason. . He point out that the Indus River keeps on shifting its course about 35 miles away from Mohenjodaro , which of this area deserted it due to shortage of agricultural land and also starved of water. But this theory cannot explain the mcad resume decline of other Harappan cities. According to DP Aggarwal and Sood, Harappan civilization declined due to increase. Harappa , Indo-Aryan migration , Indus River 1781 Words | 5 Pages. breasts and hips Found in psy 3315 mansfield, India, this female figure has hair in large buns, large hips and breasts Notice the very clear features Mohenjo-Daro Dancing . Ocr Terminal Paper Maths. Girls Dancing girls in traditional dancing postures Tribal people Prostitutes Found in Mohenjodaro , close to a fireplace in one of the rooms of a large structure, this exquisite casting depicts a dark skinned young tribal girl of mansfield aboriginal type. She is almost naked and her long hair is tied in mcad resume, a bun.
Bangles entirely cover her left arm, a. Casting , Dance , Female 725 Words | 3 Pages. Difference Between American Education and Asian Education. paintings can be seen in the Bhimbetaka paintings, belonging to psy 3315, the prehistoric age. Thereafter, an advanced town planning is seen in Harappa and . Mohenjodaro , with their centrally planned cities indicating a highly developed architecture.
Another remarkable example of sculpture from Harappan civilization comes in the form of the dancing girl from Mohenjodaro . The use of symbolic forms in idaho essay outline, India is as old as the Harappan seals. The fire altars of the psy 3315 coursework mansfield Vedic period, with their astronomical and mathematical. Art , Cave painting , Evolution 381 Words | 2 Pages. Almost six weeks after its announcement, the in life . much-awaited cultural extravaganza – the Sindh Festival – finally began on Saturday at psy 3315 coursework, Mohenjodaro with a lavish opening ceremony The cultural coup, masterminded by Pakistan People’s Party Patron-in-Chief Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, is in the series of celebrations all over the province under the two-week-long Sindh Festival. With the historical. Benazir Bhutto , Bhutto family , Pakistan 482 Words | 2 Pages. unique burials in this site show that not all burials were solely centered on social hierarchy and status. Mohenjodaro is one of the . Of Essays. biggest cities excavated in this civilization but it has no cemeteries. But there were a few bodies that were found scattered throughout the city in mansfield, disarray.
They are referred to kinds, as the “tragedy sites”. There are 5 tragedy sites found all over Mohenjodaro with a total of 42 skeletons. The first, HR tragedy area has a total of 13 skeletons consisting of adults and. Burial , Cemetery , Coffin 1092 Words | 3 Pages. Role of Ppp in coursework mansfield, Conserving Monuments.
of the kinds seven wonders of the world. | | | | Monumental Heritage Has Its Roots In Mohenjodaro and Harappa Civilization | | The . famous monumental heritage of India--the forts, palaces, temples, mosques, churches etc. is an evidence proving that architecture in India had been a form expression. Psy 3315 Coursework. | | | | The era of architecture in India began with the settlement of the cities of Mohenjodaro and le champi resume, Harappa. The Great Bath, the Assembly Hall and the Drainage System are a few examples. Archaeological site , Archaeology , Cultural heritage 2048 Words | 7 Pages. easily deciphered or understood. These sources give more reliable and authentic information Archaeological excavation • Most of the time, such traces are . found buried underground and have to be dug out. Mansfield. This is called archaeological excavation. Mohenjodaro , Harappa are some well known sites where excavations have been undertaken and valuable material found.
Such excavations are often carried out and reported in the newspapers. Archaeological excavation • A very interesting recent discovery is that. Anthropology , Archaeology , Excavation 806 Words | 19 Pages. History of Punjab: State of Sikh Religion (Situated in mcad resume, North of India. state. Punjabis' are famous all around the world and mansfield, can be easily found in paper maths past, any corner of the world. br brbANCIENT CIVILIZATION:/b brPunjab is the . birth place of Indus Valley Civilization, which is mansfield more than 4000 years old.
Harappa and Mohenjodaro civilization, along the outline banks of the Indus in Punjab is also the most ancient and coursework, famous civilization in the world history. Punjab is also the birth place of mcad resume many Saints belong to Sikh and Hindu religion. br brbAryan Migration:/b brDuring. Haryana , Indus River , Pakistan 767 Words | 3 Pages. West and Central Asia, as well as Europe. Architectural styles range from Hindu temple architecture to Islamic architecture to western classical architecture . to modern and psy 3315 coursework mansfield, post-modern architecture. India's urban civilization is traceable to Mohenjodaro and Harappa, now in Pakistan. From then on, Indian architecture and civil engineering continued to develop, and was manifestated temples, palaces and mcad resume, forts across the Indian subcontinent and neighbouring regions. Architecture and civil engineering. Afghanistan , Architectural styles , Architecture 376 Words | 2 Pages.
Valley (2600-1500BCE) – associated with Dravidians. Called Harappan Culture The Ganges River Valley (1500-500BCE) – associated with the Aryans. Called the . Vedic Age. Along the Indus Saraswati, there were two major centres of this civilization: Mohenjodaro and Harappa hence Harappan Culture Other cities of this civilization include Kalibagan, Chanhudaro Doraji in Gujerat Origins and Development This civilization appears as fully developed distinctive culture; little is known about the cultures. Bronze Age , Harappa , Hindu 2776 Words | 9 Pages. PAPER VI: (Literature in English Around the psy 3315 coursework mansfield World) Drama 1. 2. Lorca Brian Friel House of Bernada Alba Translations Novel 1. 2. Essays Shootings. Nugugi Solzhynetsin The . River Between A Day in psy 3315 coursework, the life of Ivan Denisovitch Poetry 1. Taufiq Rafat Thinking of Mohenjodaro The Stone Chat The Last Visit Reproduction The Street of Nightingale A Remote Beginning Air Raid 2. Idaho. Daud Kamal 3. Maki Qureshi 6 Kite Christmas Letter to my Sister 4. Coursework Mansfield. A. Hashmi Encounter with the Sirens Autumnal But Where is the. Brian Friel , Chinua Achebe , Ernest Hemingway 1091 Words | 7 Pages. by Hira N. Hashmey · Pakistan is the cradle of Indus Valley Civilization, civilisation that is spread over more than 4000 years of essays school history.Archaeological . excavations here have revealed evidence of the meticulously planned cities of Harappa and psy 3315, Mohenjodaro that lived and died along the banks of the mighty Indus and its tributaries. The ancient Hindu epics narrate life between the 7th and 5th century BC which carry rich descriptions of the school shootings land and people of Indus at that time.
These relics throw light. City , Indus River , Pakistan 1249 Words | 4 Pages. Largest of the cities of the Indus Valley civilization. It was centrally located in coursework mansfield, the extensive floodplain of the Indus River in . What Of Essays. contemporary Pakistan. Little is psy 3315 coursework known about the essay failure political institutions of Indus Valley communities, but the coursework mansfield largescale of construction at MohenjoDaro , the mcad resume orderly grid of streets, and the standardization of building materials are evidence of central planning Neolithic The period of the coursework mansfield Stone Age associated with the what kinds of essays ancient Agricultural Revolution(s). It follows the coursework Paleolithic period. . Mesopotamia , Neolithic , Sumer 1047 Words | 4 Pages. Religious Influence on Indian Food.
heavy influence of religion. The main religious influence on Indian food is what kinds of essays of the Hindu religion. 1000 BC: At this point we see the first movement of . Psy 3315 Coursework. outsiders into essays the country, this forms the origins of the Indus Valley Civilizations. The Mohenjodaro people are believed to have been pushed to mansfield, the Southern Part of the country and the cuisine there is still largely vegetarian. The roots of le champi Hinduism are shaped at psy 3315 coursework mansfield, this point, the Vedas or the religious texts are developed at this point as is the. Hindu , Hinduism , History of India 1177 Words | 4 Pages. Vedic age till now the 21st century. Their position has differed from period to period and what, varied in different parts of the country at the same time. Mansfield. The . women of our nation were not always suppressed and restraint. During the essays shootings various finds from Mohenjodaro like the female goddesses, female figurines, ornaments and psy 3315 coursework mansfield, toilet jars, it was assumed that a form of matriarchate prevailed and women were at the forefront, at essays, that time. However Asceticism in Buddhism and psy 3315 mansfield, Jainism led to le champi, deterioration in the position.
Arya Samaj , Bengal Renaissance , Brahmo Samaj 1390 Words | 4 Pages. are many other spectacular mountain panoramas, glaciers, treacherous rives, valleys, and gullies containing some of the most dangerous cliffs in the world. Coursework Mansfield. . Its soil contains the ruins of the Gandhara University, unique historic places such as Mohenjodaro and Taxila, and school shootings, sites in Balochistan with the oldest civilization (estimated to date back to psy 3315 coursework, 4000 BC) known to-date. Mcad Resume. Its colorful cities, with a beautiful mix of ancient culture and modern habitations, beautiful architecture, mosques and shrines. Canada , Coal , Developed country 1458 Words | 5 Pages. of colonial rule over large part of the world. 3. The development of democratic ideals. Q3. Psy 3315. Discuss the essay failure in life characteristics of coursework ‘Ancient cities’. . Ans. Paper Maths. a. Ancient towns and cities first appeared along river valleys, e.g- Ur, Nippur, and Mohenjodaro . Psy 3315. c. There was an le champi resume adequate supply of food grain to support non-food producers. d. Cities were the centre of political power, administrative network, trade and coursework, industry, religious institutions and intellectual activity. e. Cities were supported. 18th century , 19th century , City 984 Words | 4 Pages.
their superior and advanced managerial abilities. In ancient India Kautilya wrote his Arthashastra in about 321 B.C. the major theme of which was political, . social and economic management of the State. The study of administration of the paper maths cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa of the ancient Aryans in 2000 B. C., Buddha's order and the Sangha in psy 3315, 530 B. C., provide evidence about the use of the principles of management. During the 13th and 14th centuries AD the mcad resume large trading houses of Italy needed a means. Ancient Egypt , Civilization , Control 536 Words | 2 Pages. people were most likely Dravidians, who may have been pushed down into south India when the Aryans, with their more advanced military technology, commenced . their migrations to India around 2,000 BCE. Excavations conducted in the ancient cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa point to a highly complex civilization, they had road, sewage systems and gathering centers.
These cities were urban and were not very agricultural. The Indus Valley Civilization offers first evidence of literacy in coursework mansfield, Indian history. 1700. Bengal , British Empire , British Raj 1916 Words | 6 Pages. mes i mmortal, doctors have been diagonizing a nd curing people, all the whi le keeping records of mcad resume symptoms, prescriptions, etc. All that data ,however, is . a lmost useless to us, thanks to their bea utiful script which l ooks like the one from mohenjodaro . Provi ding them with typical gui forms will slow them down.
However, a natural language dictate as u diagonize type of s ystem will definitely be helpful, to psy 3315 coursework, us data gatherers a tleast. Now tra ditional RavenClaw uses a s ingle language model. Dialog manager , Dialog system , Gents 1519 Words | 5 Pages. international famed historical places of South Kosal ie, present Chhattisgarh. Sirpur, located at the bank of ocr terminal maths Mahanadi river. Urban development and city . planning which developed during Harappan Period, the example of psy 3315 which are great cities like Mohenjodaro , Harappa, Lothal, Kalibangan, Rupar, Dholavira, etc., survived during Early Historical period and later on mcad resume, in Dakshin Kosala (Chhattisgarh), the coursework mansfield outstanding examples of which are Sirpur, Malhar, Ratanpur etc. Out of these, so far, only Sirpur has.
India , Kinship , Madhya Pradesh 1854 Words | 5 Pages. we would fail to understand the mcad resume depth of our composite culture. As a noted poet aptly said—'without past there is no present and psy 3315 coursework, there cannot be any future . too'. The sensational discoveries made in the beginning of this century in maths, Harappa and Mohenjodaro throw light on the ancient, unknown culture that existed as far back as third millennium B.C. This urban culture was dated to be Pre-Aryan in age and the essential features of 'Hindu religion' like tolerance, love for peace and nature, high and. Buddhism , Culture , Hindu 1668 Words | 5 Pages. scholars from psy 3315, all over mcad resume Asia. Many Greek, Persian and coursework mansfield, Chinese students studied here under great scholars including Kautilya, Panini, Jivaka, and Vishnu . Sharma. Ancient India was also at the forefront of seafaring technology which is a panel found at Mohenjodaro , depicts a sailing craft. Ship construction is vividly described in the Yukti Kalpa Taru, an ocr terminal paper past ancient Indian text on Shipbuilding.
The Yukti Kalpa Taru, compiled by Bhoja Narapati is mansfield concerned with shipbuilding. The Yukti Kalpa Taru had been translated. Ancient history , Ancient Rome , Ancient technology 1518 Words | 5 Pages. resembling the Australopithecus lived in India some 2 million years ago. Some anthropologists believe that the Chotanagpur region witnessed the . Kinds. transformation of Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens. Extensive archaeological excavations carried out at Mohenjodaro in 1922 brought to psy 3315 mansfield, light the existence of a highly sophisticated and urbanized culture known as the Harappan Civilization in India dating back to about 2600-2000 B.C., which dominated the north-western part of the Indian Subcontinent. It is believed. Civilization , Gujarat , Himalayas 1553 Words | 5 Pages.
the banks of River Indus, in the alluvial north - western plains. Le Champi. Similar findings like the coastal cities of Lothal and Dwarka came to light more recently . along the mansfield coast of Gujarat. However, the Indus Valley Civilisation’s two urban centres at Mohenjodaro and Harappa gradually declined in the second millennium BC, and almost completely disintegrated around 1500 BC due to ecological reasons like drying up of rivers and drought. The coastal cities disintegrated due to massive floods. Kinds. | | | . Ashoka the Great , Chandragupta Maurya , Hindu 1674 Words | 6 Pages. resembling the Australopithecus lived in psy 3315, India some 2 million years ago. Some anthropologists believe that the Chotanagpur region witnessed the . What. transformation of Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens. Psy 3315. Extensive archaeological excavations carried out at essays shootings, Mohenjodaro in 1922 brought to light the existence of a highly sophisticated and urbanized culture known as the Harappan Civilization in India dating back to about 2600-2000 B.C., which dominated the psy 3315 coursework north-western part of the Indian Subcontinent.
It is believed. 1st millennium , Centuries , Haryana 2007 Words | 6 Pages. was Mandarin, but this wasn’t the only language spoken, other languages that were spoken but not as commonly include Wu, Cantonese, and Min. Le Champi Resume. Now on to . India, in India from 2000 to 1000 BC the following major events took place, the Harappa and coursework, Mohenjodaro Communities formed and prospered. Also during this time, the Dravidian traditions were established in south India. From 1000 BC to 600 BC the essays school Aryans migrated to coursework mansfield, the Indian subcontinent, the Vedas and the Mahabharata were written. Hinduism expanded. Ancient Egypt , Ancient Rome , Carthage 2089 Words | 6 Pages. 000 years ago, had one of the mcad resume most sophisticated urban water supply and sewage systems in the world. The fact that the people were well acquainted with . hygiene can be seen from the covered drains running beneath the streets of the ruins at both Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
Another very good example is the well-planned city of Dholavira, on Khadir Bet, a low plateau in the Rann in Gujarat. One of the oldest water harvesting systems is found about 130 km from Pune along Naneghat in the Western Ghats. A. Groundwater , Irrigation , Rainwater harvesting 2164 Words | 6 Pages. Hurdles Impeding Development of Pakistan. Isharat ul Ibad was behind the bars few days before he took the oath, all cases vaporized in air. The accountability cases against psy 3315 coursework Nawaz Sharif and Benazir . are also ridicule to the system. About In Life. Culture Differences The ruins of ancient civilizations at coursework, Mohenjodaro and at essay, Harappa in the southern Indus Valley testify to the existence of an advanced urban civilization that flourished in what is psy 3315 mansfield now Pakistan in the second half of the third millennium BC during the same period as the major riverain civilizations. Democracy , Human rights , Law 2246 Words | 7 Pages. Location Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the what kinds of essays earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent.
It . was first identified in 1921 at psy 3315 coursework, Harappa in the Punjab region and then in 1922 at Mohenjo-daro ( Mohenjodaro ), near the essays Indus River in the Sindh (Sind) region, now both in Pakistan. Coursework. Subsequently, vestiges of the civilization were found as far apart as SutkagenDor, near the essays school shootings shore of the Arabian Sea 300 miles (480 km) west of Karachi, also in Pakistan, and. Harappa , India , Indus River 3812 Words | 8 Pages. music developed by the society from generation to generation. Viewed in this light, our cultural heritage is immensely vast and varied.
India is the . Mansfield. cradle of one of the earliest civilizations of the world. The archeological excavations at Mohenjodaro in the present day Pakistan and at Harappa (Gujarat, India) have revealed the existence of an paper maths urban civilization about 5000 years old. People lived in cities and had access to public baths, wide roads and engaged in maritime trade. Religion of the. Buddhism , Hindu , Hinduism 2093 Words | 7 Pages.
BC cotton growing and cotton textiles were quite advanced in the valley. By 3000 BC farming of rice had started. Psy 3315 Mansfield. Other monsoon crops of importance of the . time was cane sugar. By 2500 BC, rice was an important component of the staple diet in Mohenjodaro near the Arabian Sea. The Indus Plain had rich alluvial deposits which came down the Indus River in annual floods. This helped sustain farming that formed basis of the Indus Valley Civilization at Harappa. The people built dams and drainage. Agricultural economics , Agriculture , Economic history of the People's Republic of resume China 2546 Words | 7 Pages. and Mohenjodaro on the Indus. The civilization that laid the bricks, one of the mansfield world's oldest, was known as the Indus. They had a written . What Kinds. language and were highly sophisticated.
Dating back to 3000 BC, they originated in mansfield, the south and moved north, building complex, mathematically-planned cities. Essay In Life. Some of these towns were almost three miles in diameter and contained as many as 30,000 residents. These ancient municipalities had granaries, citadels, and even household toilets. In Mohenjodaro , a mile-long. India , Indus River , Indus Valley Civilization 3615 Words | 10 Pages. Ancient Indian Civilization History. an excavation campaign under Sir John Hubert Marshall in 1921-1922. The result of the mansfield excavation was discovery of Harappa by mcad resume Sir John Marshall, Rai Bahadur . Psy 3315 Coursework Mansfield. Daya Ram Sahni and Madho Sarup Vats and Mohenjodaro by ocr terminal Rakhal Das Banerjee, E. J. Coursework. H. MacKay, and mcad resume, Sir John Marshall.
Even though most of the coursework mansfield Mohenjodaro city had been unearthed by 1931, the idaho essay outline excavation campaigns continued to be undertaken. Sir Mortimer Wheeler, the then director of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), led one such campaign in. Civilization , Harappa , History of India 6134 Words | 19 Pages. Himalayan Mountain in psy 3315, the north and Hindu Kush Mountains in the northwest. There are three major regions in India: Northern Plain, Deccan Plateau and Coastal . In Life. Plain. There are three great rivers in India: Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra.
Harappa and Mohenjodaro are two cities found in psy 3315, India. Resume. These two shows how careful Indians planned this. Therefore, the Indians must have a great knowledge in psy 3315, measurements, surveying the area and geometry. The government were maybe strict and have the control over the. Ancient Egypt , Australopithecus , China 2287 Words | 8 Pages. vegetables, meat, grain, dairy products and honey. Over time, some segments of the population embraced vegetarianism due to resume, the ancient Hindu philosophy of . ahimsa. Psy 3315 Mansfield. 1000 BC. At this point we see the essay about in life first influx of outsiders into the country. The Mohenjodaro people are believed to psy 3315 coursework mansfield, have been pushed to southern India and mcad resume, the cuisine there is psy 3315 still largely vegetarian. The roots of Hinduism are shaped at this point along with the mcad resume Vedas and the Mahabharata.
The caste system is developed dividing eating habits. Curry , East India , India 2545 Words | 8 Pages. Erectus to Homo Sapiens. This claim is based on the findings of hand axes and blades in the region of Pathalgarwa and the discovery of Harappan pottery in psy 3315 mansfield, . the nearby areas. Early Civilisations Extensive archaeological excavations carried out at Mohenjodaro in the present Pakistan in 1922 brought to light the existence of a highly sophisticated and urbanized culture known as the Harappan Civilization in India, which dominated the north-western part of the Indian Subcontinent. It is believed that this. 1st millennium , Hindu , History of India 3382 Words | 9 Pages. 3500 BCE cotton growing and cotton textiles were quite advanced in the valley. By 3000 BCE farming of rice had started.
Other monsoon crops of importance of le champi resume . the time wascane sugar. By 2500 BCE, rice was an psy 3315 coursework important component of the essays staple diet in Mohenjodaro near the Arabian Sea. By this time the Indians had large cities with well-stocked granaries. Three regions of the Americas independently domesticated corn, squashes, potato and psy 3315 coursework, sunflowers. Le Champi. Bronze Age By the psy 3315 Bronze Age, wild food contributed a. Agriculture , Domestication , Fertile Crescent 3368 Words | 9 Pages. law breakers, specific places to what kinds of essays, throw rubbish and mansfield, waste materials, public wells in every street, well in every house etc. revealed the high sense of . engineering and town planning of the people The most famous street called the 'First Street' of Mohenjodaro was 10.5 m wide and would have accommodated seven lanes of wheeled traffic simultaneously House:- Houses were made of sun-dried or kiln-fired mud brick. These bricks were so strong, they have stood up to ocr terminal, thousands of years of wear. They range from. Bronze Age , Harappa , Harappan language 2844 Words | 8 Pages. History of yoga The yoga we know today was developed as a part of the tantric civilization which existed in mansfield, India and all parts of the world more than ten . thousand years ago.
In archaeological excavations made in the Indus Valley at Harappa and Mohenjodaro , now in mod em Pakistan, many statues have been found depicting deities resembling Lord Shiva and Shakti (in the form of Parvati) per forming various asanas and practising meditation. These ruins were once the dwelling place of people who. Chakra , Meditation , Pranayama 5538 Words | 26 Pages. They decided on the goals and planned out the temple in essay outline, such a way to meet the psy 3315 coursework mansfield goals. The treatise in Agama Shastra, which explains the science of temples, . Vaastu is considered as the basis for all type of construction. Excavations at Harappa and Mohenjodaro also indicating the influence of Vaastu on the Indus Valley Civilization shows that the essay about failure in life south Indian temples and Agamas are not isolated phenomena but undoubtedly a continuation of Vedic heritage from Mohengedaro. Elaborate rules are laid out.
Buddhism , Hinduism , Mantra 4088 Words | 12 Pages. ships range. By around 3000 BC, Ancient Egyptians knew how to assemble wooden planks into a hull. They used woven straps to lash the planks . togetherand reeds or grass stuffed between the planks helped to seal the seams. A panel found at Mohenjodaro , depicted a sailing craft. Vessels were of many types Their construction is vividly described in the Yukti Kalpa Taru, an ancient Indian text on mansfield, shipbuilding. This treatise gives a technical exposition on the techniques of shipbuilding. Resume. It sets. Boat , Cargo ship , Hull 4330 Words | 12 Pages. area. As a result heritage tourism can be seen as a blend of education, entertainment, preservation and profit. Nearly five thousand years back . flourished India's first major civilisation along the Indus River valley.
The twin cities of psy 3315 coursework mansfield Mohenjodaro and Harappa now in Pakistan were ruled by ocr terminal maths priests and psy 3315 coursework mansfield, held the what kinds of essays rudiments of Hinduism. These civilisations are known to possess a sophisticated lifestyle, a highly developed sense of aesthetics, an astonishing knowledge of town planning and an undecipherable. Dravidian languages , India , Jainism 4479 Words | 13 Pages. flower beds, makes cubbon park an idle place for morning joggers and alike. GOVERNMENT MUSEUM: One of the most important buildings, the Government Museum . is coursework mansfield one of the oldest in India(1886). A special attraction here are the mcad resume antiquities from mohenjodaro period. Situated nearby the museum is Visveswaraya Industrial and technological Museum named after the great engineer-statesman.
ISKCON: Situated on-chord road, it is coursework mansfield a must visit temple in Bangalore. It stands over a small hill and of essays, is a very. Bangalore , Bedroom , Hotel 5240 Words | 28 Pages. well satisfy the hunger that tourists have when visiting a country. Heritage Tourism Pakistan is regarded to be the psy 3315 coursework home of some of the most . extraordinary ancient cities of the world including the Indus amp; Gandhara civilizations. Taxila, Mohenjodaro amp; Harappa civilizations, Mughal Heritage, Silk Route, Badshahi Masjid, Shalimar Gardens, Tomb of Jehangir and the Lahore Fort are just some of the colorful aspects of Heritage Tourism Religious/ Spiritual or Pilgrimage Tourism Pakistan is. Cultural tourism , Heritage tourism , Maldives 6611 Words | 19 Pages.
popularity of stone, bronze and terracotta figurines whether as toys or as cult objects. A male torso of idaho outline red sand stone , 4 in size, is a finer Harappan . stone sculpture. Less plentiful than stone sculpture are those of cast bronze mainly from Mohenjodaro . The most significant specimen ia a dancing girl' figure, almost 4.1/2 hight.Among Terracotta figurines human figurines are less common then animals. A definite type of series emerges called mother goddesses. They exibit a minimum of psy 3315 coursework mansfield modelling of. Bronze Age , Harappa , Harappan language 12351 Words | 41 Pages. Ramayana and the Mahabharata, early archeologists, Sir Mortimer Wheeler, and even Dr. D.D. Kosambi, postulated an Aryan or Hindu invasion theory [Wheeler . 1984] to account for the mysterious disappearance of the great cities of the Indus Valley, Mohenjodaro and Harappa, and several other lesser urban sites during the failure in life middle of the Second Millennium BCE.
Present day scholars favour an ecological theory for the disappearance of psy 3315 this urban civilization. Mcad Resume. While this is coursework equally plausible, it does not. B. R. Ambedkar , Caste , Caste system in idaho outline, India 6149 Words | 18 Pages. beginning of 6th century BC Gautama Buddha visited Pundranagara and spent six months in that city. It proves that the city is much older than it is said. . The findings of psy 3315 coursework excavations have revealed that the Pundranagara Civilization is as old as the what kinds of essays Mohenjodaro , Harappa Civilization. The area of the psy 3315 coursework mansfield citadel of Mahasthangar is about 2 sq. miles, 4 and half meters or 15 feet above the surrounding land. The extension of the semi-.circled suburbs 18 of the school city was 5 mile in radius from the citadel.
Boutique hotel , Hotel , Hotels 6477 Words | 39 Pages. 1070 BCE: Elaborate monuments and palaces Bantu Migrations – 2000 BCE to 1000 CE Chapter 4 Harrapan Society * 3000 BCE to 1900 BCE * Today . called Dravidian people * Indus River Valley * Two large Urban centers – Harrapa and Mohenjodaro * Expansive trade routes * Distinct class structure * Decline due to environmental causes Aryan Societies (Indo-Europeans) * Came into psy 3315 mansfield being as Harrappans faded ( ca. What Of Essays. 1900 BCE ) * Came from north into India * Herding economy . 1st millennium , Byzantine Empire , Centuries 5781 Words | 27 Pages. standing. In the Adi Purana Book XV III, the psy 3315 Kayotsarga posture is described in connection with the penance of Rsabha, also known as Vrsabha.” . Christopher Key Chappel also notes some other possible links with Jainism. Seal 420, unearthed at Mohenjodaro portrays a person with 3 or possibly 4 faces. Jain iconography frequently depicts its Tirthankaras with four faces, symbolizing their presence in all four directions. Paper Maths Past. This four-faced attribute is also true of many Hindu gods, important among them. Bronze Age , Harappa , India 6437 Words | 18 Pages.
Scholastic Autobiography English 8 to 12 2 At Least a Fish Anushka Ravishankar Scholastic Fiction English 8 to 12 3 . Coursework. Ghosts Don't Eat Anushka Ravishankar Scholastic Fiction English 8 to 12 4 Mohenjodaro Mystery Ilona Aronovsky Scholastic Fiction English 8 to 12 5 The Big Adventures of outline a Little Hero Rimi B Chatterjee Scholastic Fiction English 8 to 12 Primary Middle School Primary Middle School Primary. Bihar , Book , E-book 5050 Words | 26 Pages. 40°N Dry monsoon winds M (October to May) M Wet monsoon winds (June to September) . Indus Valley civilization Ri ve r KHYBER . PASS TS BOLAN PASS d H Kalibangan D IN In I G O- AN MohenjoDaro THAR DESERT GE TI C M A L PL G a AIN nges A Y A S Rive tr a ahmapu Br r Monsoon Summer INDIA Arabian Sea Go dav 20°N ari Rive r DE C C A N G P S K r LATEAU i s hna er A. Ancient Egypt , Cairo , Civilization 14128 Words | 89 Pages. as more than ten lakh pilgrims, who visit thefair generate a revenue of 25 crores in only five days. All temples of Girnar are sacred to pilgrims of both . Hindu and Jain faith. In fact, Girnar has been a sacred place well before the Dholavira and Mohenjodaro period and psy 3315 coursework, its origin can be traced back to the Vedas and other holy scriptures of various Indus Valley based religions. 3.1.2 BHAVNATH Bhavnath is a small village in the Junagadh district of le champi resume Gujarat, India.
It sits near the Girnar mountain. Bridges , Girnar , Gujarat 5914 Words | 44 Pages. the time period. Psy 3315 Coursework Mansfield. If people neglected their own cleanliness how could they be expected to be concerned with the cleanliness of the ocr terminal community? Down the years… . As Indians, we take pride in psy 3315 coursework, our cultural advancement by pointing to the Great Bath at MohenjoDaro as evidence. Mcad Resume. While our people were bathing and had evolved a sophisticated sanitation system in our earliest cities, a large number of the world’s population were (and are) still to mansfield, discover the rudiments of personal hygiene. The country’s ten billion.
Colonization of le champi Mars , India , Mars 6254 Words | 18 Pages. | 1 | Paes | | 2 | Abdul Razzaq | | 3 | Ibn Batutach | | 4 | Nuniz | | | Ans: 3 | | Q. | A great tank, now called the Great Bath, . was found in | | 1 | Harappa | | 2 | Chanhudaro | | 3 | Lothal | | 4 | Mohenjodaro | | | Ans: 4 | | Q. | - based Institute of Genomics and INtegrative Biology, on December 8, 2009, announced to have succeeded in completely sequencing the coursework genome of an individual. | | 1 | Hyderabad | | 2 | Nasik | | 3 | Jaipur. Bihar , British Raj , Constitution of India 6696 Words | 42 Pages. standing. In the Adi Purana Book XV III, the Kayotsarga posture is described in connection with the penance of Rsabha, also known as Vrsabha.
Christopher . Key Chappel also notes some other possible links with Jainism. Seal 420, unearthed at Mohenjodaro portrays a person with 3 or possibly 4 faces. Jain iconography frequently depicts its Tirthankaras with four faces, symbolizing their presence in all four directions. This four-faced attribute is also true of many Hindu gods, important among them. Bronze Age , Harappa , India 8981 Words | 26 Pages.
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10 Free Business Plan Templates for Startups. Psy 3315? Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. Mcad Resume? The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for psy 3315 coursework, a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for outline, your company, you#39;re going to psy 3315 coursework mansfield need to write a business plan. Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out there that allow you to plug in all of the information, instead of struggling with formatting and le champi figuring out what you need to psy 3315 include. There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and PDF-based templates. Idaho Essay Outline? Here are 10 free templates you can download and use to coursework mansfield create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the authority on business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and ocr terminal paper a table of contents. It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning. Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in which to base your plan. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and new business owners.
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essays etc Reflections on Economics, Taxation and the Church#039;s Social Doctrine. Of all the 20 th – century popes, Pope St. Pius X would probably not be anyone’s first choice in providing the inspiration to examine the relationship of economics and taxation with Catholic social teaching. St. Pius X reigned from 1903 to 1914. During his papacy, he published the first Code of Canon Law [i], restored traditional liturgy, and encouraged frequent reception of the psy 3315 mansfield, Eucharist (Holy Communion). And although his predecessor, Leo XIII, was perhaps most famous for essay failure in life, the encyclical [ii] Rerum Norvarum , (the pioneering papal pronouncement on the economy and the rights of workers), St. Pius’ encyclicals did not pursue that area in psy 3315 coursework mansfield depth.
But Pius X’s first encyclical, E Supremi , written only a few months after his election, set the idaho, tone, not only for his papacy, but also provides the justification for looking at psy 3315, the entire world through the lens of Catholic teaching. In it, he stated that his program was “To restore (renew) all things is Christ.” [iii] Consider the paper maths, phrase “all things.” It includes not only subjects that popes would be expected to write about (dogma, liturgy, etc.), but also economics, labor unions, recreation, families, sports – in psy 3315 short the entire range of programs, movements and developments that humans have created, encounter and experience. We’ll see how Catholic social teaching has developed, evolved and expanded to include capitalism, labor unions, globalization, working conditions and politics. A recent example: Pope Francis has just published an encyclical on the environment. [iv] So, “all things” means literally everything in the realm of human existence. Mcad Resume. No doubt St.
Pius X is psy 3315 mansfield gratified that that his motto has been so completely embraced. I welcome your thoughts, questions, corrections, suggestions and feedback. You can contact me at phil.schurrer.e [email protected] . I promise to keep any emails addressed to outline this link confidential. Hope to hear from you. Thanks for psy 3315 coursework, reading . Until next time – God bless! © 2015 Phillip Schurrer. All Rights Reserved. [i] The Code of Canon Law is a compilation of kinds, laws or rules for the Western, or “Latin rite,” Catholic Church (also popularly called the “Roman Catholic Church”).
The first Code of Canon Law took effect May 19, 1918 under Pope Benedict XV, who completed the project begun by psy 3315 coursework Pope St. Pius X. Prior to what this, rules were issued over the centuries without any coordination with one another. The second revision of Canon Law became effective under Pope St. John Paul II, and took effect November 27, 1983. Psy 3315 Coursework Mansfield. The 22 Eastern Catholic Churches have their own Code, which was first issued in 1990. [ii] An encyclical is idaho a pronouncement by the Pope concerning a specific aspect of Catholic doctrine. The term originally meant a “circulating letter.” The first modern encyclical was written in 1740. Encyclicals can be addressed to bishops,clergy and laity of a certain country or region, to the Church at large, or to humanity as a whole. Psy 3315 Mansfield. The name of outline, each encyclical is taken from the first few words of the text, usually in Latin.
[iii] Based on Ephesians 1:10. [iv] Laudato Si’ , dated May 24, 2015. Money, Medicare and psy 3315 mansfield, Catholic Social Teaching. Medicare and Medicaid observed their 50 th anniversaries, in July. So it’s probably a good time to reexamine these programs and their relationship with Catholic Social Teaching.
History and Overview. To begin with, the two programs are separate and distinct. Medicare is universal health insurance for those 65 and older. In 2013, 52.3 million Americans, including 8.8 million disabled younger people, were covered under Medicare. Outline. Revenue for the program comes from payroll deductions, premiums from psy 3315 mansfield, beneficiaries, federal income taxes, and government borrowing and totaled $575.8 billion in 2013. Payments from the trust fund totaled $582.9 billion. [i] Medicaid is a joint Federal-State program that funds medical care for the poor.
The sources of its funding are through federal income taxes and government borrowing. Each state sets guidelines for eligibility and benefits. Le Champi Resume. The federal government’s share varies from 50% to 90%, depending on a state’s economic condition. At present, 72.2 million people are enrolled in Medicaid, including 31 million children. Of these children, half qualify as low-income. Medicaid finances 40% of all births in the United States. Total spending at both the state and Federal level totaled $463 billion in 2013. [ii] After eliminations for double-counting, 115.5 million Americans, or more than one-third of the U.S. population, are enrolled in either Medicare or Medicaid.
Together, these two programs: now account for more than one-third of all U.S. health spending. [iii] spend more than all the combined payments made by private health insurance companies. [iv] On the One Hand… The Catholic Church has always attempted heed Christ’s command to “preach and heal the sick.” [v] In the Church’s earliest days, miracles were worked [vi] in some cases, and prayers were offered for the afflicted. [vii] One of the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church is the Anointing of the Sick. According to the Rule of St. Benedict, [viii] the care of the psy 3315 coursework mansfield, sick is to be placed “before and above all things…so that they will be served as if they were Christ in person…” [ix] The Catholic Church was largely responsible for mcad resume, establishing hospitals after the fall of the Roman Empire and into the Middle Ages. Some clergy also practiced as physicians. Taking care of coursework, those who have the least amount of power and influence – the poor, the sick, the elderly, the children – has been given renewed attention in Catholic teaching. The current phrase “preferential option for the poor” is an expression of this concern. [x]
From this standpoint, Medicare and Medicaid would seem to be a furtherance of the Church’s concern and resume, mission. In its initial year of operation (1966), Medicare served 19 million people and mansfield, spent $3 billion (or $22.096 billion in 2015 dollars. Essays School Shootings. [xi]) Since then, the program has grown to the point that the trustees for the Medicare trust fund predict that the coursework mansfield, fund for hospital care (Part A) will be exhausted by 2030. [xii] Medicare and Medicaid fraud is difficult to le champi compute, but the mansfield, Congressional Budget Office estimates that the idaho outline, combined fraud for these two programs for 2013 alone amounted to $70 billion. [xiii] With the enormous amounts of money being disbursed, it’s no wonder even organized crime is psy 3315 becoming a major participant in Medicare/Medicaid fraud. Willie Sutton’s reply, “Because that’s where the money is” to the question, “Why do you rob banks?” is mcad resume certainly pertinent. The American Hospital Association reports that in 2013 its members recouped 88 cents for every dollar spent in caring for psy 3315 mansfield, Medicare beneficiaries. [xiv] As a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [xv], Medicare and Medicaid have grown from 2% in 1985 to 4.7% in 2014. [xvi] Under the current rules, Medicare/Medicaid spending will amount to 8% of GDP by 2040, including the exchange subsidies under the Affordable Care Act. [xvii].
Due to Medicare and essay, Medicaid’s complexity, these programs have become extremely difficult to administer, necessitating a large federal bureaucracy. Mansfield. Large amounts of time and energy are also expended by the recipients and medical care providers to comply with Medicare and about in life, Medicaid’s complex rules. With the growth of Medicare and Medicaid over the past 50 years to a point where over one-third of the nation is covered, there is cause for concern. Apart from its sustainability, one of the major issues is the coursework mansfield, concentration of power and money. The Founders were very distrustful of excessive accumulation of power in one branch, person, or area. Two guiding principles of this nation’s governmental design for the distribution of shootings, power: through Federalism (two levels of government – the states and the central government); and the dispersion of power among three separate branches of government (legislative, executive and coursework mansfield, judicial). In addition, the essay in life, concept of stewardship can assist in evaluating Medicare and Medicaid. In several areas of the New Testament, such as the Parable of the psy 3315 coursework mansfield, Talents, [xviii] stewardship is mentioned. Stewardship requires us to be responsible for how our assets and gifts – our time, money, and the earth – are used. It has its origins in the book of Genesis, where God gave the in life, Garden of psy 3315 coursework, Eden and a dual command to our first parents: to both “till” (make fruitful), and “keep” (preserve and protect) his gift. This concept is explicitly laid out in Pope Francis’ recent encyclical Laudato Si’. Essay About Failure. [xix] St.
John Paul II’s warning in psy 3315 coursework mansfield his encyclical Redemptor Hominis that humans seem “to see no other meaning in their natural environment than what serves for immediate use and consumption” [xx] is paper another papal statement on mansfield stewardship. Personal responsibility also plays a role in stewardship. Paper Maths. The parable of the Prodigal Son [xxi] hints at this: the son asks for his inheritance, then spends it on riotous living. Psy 3315 Coursework Mansfield. He’s done nothing to earn it and consequently is less than prudent in his stewardship of it. As anyone responsible for paying bills or budgeting knows, money is limited. The old slogan “money doesn’t grow on mcad resume trees” is remains true. This also holds true for governmental programs and institutions.
Subsidiarity also plays a role in this discussion. Coursework. “Subsidiarity” is assigning a task to the lowest organization or level capable of kinds of essays, performing it. In his encyclical Quadragesimo Anno , Pope Pius XI describes it succinctly: As history abundantly proves, it is true that on account of changed conditions many things which were done by small associations in former times cannot be done now except by psy 3315 large associations. Still, that most weighty principle, which cannot be set aside or changed, remains fixed and unshaken in social philosophy: Just as it is gravely wrong to take from individuals what they can accomplish by their own initiative and outline, industry and give it to the community, so also it is an injustice and at the same time a grave evil and disturbance of mansfield, right order to assign to a greater and resume, higher association what lesser and subordinate organizations can do. For every social activity ought of its very nature to furnish help to the members of the psy 3315, body social, and never destroy and absorb them. [xxii] Considerations on stewardship, personal responsibility and subsidiarity lead to questions regarding to Medicare and Medicaid: How much of maths past, a role should government play? Can we “outsource” our obligation to care for others? Giving to psy 3315 coursework others and caring for the elderly and sick is virtuous, whereas the ocr terminal maths, only virtue involved in paying taxes is that of obedience. Presently, Medicare is partially funded by a flat tax on wages of 2.9% – half paid by the employee and half by the employer. For wages above a threshold amount [xxiii], an additional .9% tax is levied, again split between employer and employee.
Unlike Social Security, there’s no upper income threshold or “cap” for the Medicare tax. Several solutions have been proposed: Raising the age of eligibility for coursework, Medicare. The Congressional Budget Office estimates that raising the eligibility age from paper maths, 65 to 67 would save $19.1 billion between 2016 and 2023. [xxiv] Eligibility for coursework, Medicare would be based on means testing, health status, and age. Instead of the present two-tiered tax rate for Medicare, a progressive system could be adopted, with several tax rate brackets, similar to those in the current income tax system. Instead of what kinds of essays, merely taxing wages, the Medicare tax base could be expanded to psy 3315 coursework cover other types of income, such as capital gains, dividends, interest, etc. Some have advocated a single payer system for the entire health care industry.
However, Vermont’s recent experience can teach us much. When Peter Shumlin ran for shootings, governor in 2010, a proposed state-run single-payer health system was the basis of his campaign. After his victory, creation of the coursework, system took center stage. Shootings. But funding it would entail a tax increase of at least 10%. Governor Shumlin won the 2012 reelection as the single-payer drama unfolded, but it became clear that the scheme was too costly. After all the studying (costing $2 million) was completed, the numbers came in. The cost of the system, originally $2 billion was revised upwards to over $3 in five years.
An 11.5% payroll tax would be required, as well as a progressive income tax. Psy 3315 Mansfield. Despite all this additional revenue, the single-payer system would run a deficit by 2020. [xxv] Undoubtedly, caring for mcad resume, the sick is one of the Corporal Works of Mercy in Catholic theology as well as in other Christian denominations. [xxvi] The heart of the issue is this: assuming caring for the sick is a moral obligation, what’s the best way to psy 3315 coursework fulfill that duty? It’s evident that individuals themselves can’t assume total responsibility for this. Subsidiarity – the pushing down of idaho essay outline, power to the lowest level capable of handling the task – is an psy 3315 essential element of Catholic Social Teaching. Assuming that government (at whatever level) is best able to do this, how much money (and therefore, power) should be entrusted to it?
There’s no easy answer or magic formula. But we, as citizens of this country and members of the Body of Christ, conscious of our obligations to both spheres, and aware of the ocr terminal paper maths, limitations of mansfield, our resources, need to mcad resume keep asking these questions as well as continue to look for more innovative solutions. In a previous blog, the image of tightrope walking was mentioned. This idea has application in dealing with Medicare and coursework mansfield, Medicaid. It’s a question of le champi, balancing personal involvement with delegating the task to a governmental agency and then monitoring it carefully. I welcome your thoughts, questions, corrections, suggestions and feedback. Coursework. You can contact me at [email protected] . I promise to kinds of essays keep any emails addressed to this link confidential.
Hope to hear from you. Thanks for reading. Until next time – God bless! © 2015 Phillip Schurrer. Psy 3315. All Rights Reserved. [ii] Congressional Budget Office, The 2015 Long-Term Budget Outlook , Figure 2.1, pg. 29. [vi] For example, Acts 3:1-8. [vii] Letter of St. James 5:14.
[viii] The Rule of St. Benedict is over shootings, 1,500 years old. [ix] Rule of St. Benedict, Chapter 36. [x] For an elaboration on this, see U.S. Coursework. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Department of le champi resume, Justice, Peace and Human Development, Catholic Social Teaching on Poverty, an Option for the Poor, and the Common Good, http://www.usccb.org/about/domestic-social-development/resources/upload/poverty-common-good-CST.pdf. [xi] The conversion to 2015 dollars was done using the Bureau of Labor Statistics Consumer Price Index calculator, found at http://www.bls.gov/data/inflation_calculator.htm. [xiii] Congressional Budget Office, How Initiatives to Reduce Fraud in Federal Health Care Programs Affect the Budget, October 2014 , pg. 6. [xv] Gross Domestic Product is an estimate of the size of a nation’s economy. [xvi] Congressional Budget Office, The 2015 Long-Term Budget Outlook , pg.
27. [xvii] Ibid. pg. 28. [xviii] Matt. Psy 3315 Mansfield. 25:14-30. [xix] Laudator Si’ , par. 124. [xx] Redemptor Hominis , par. 287. [xxi] Luke 15: 11-32. [xxii] Quadragesimo Anno , par. Essays. 79.
[xxiii] Presently $200,000 for psy 3315 coursework, a single person and $250,000 for a married couple filing jointly. [xxiv] Congressional Budget Office, Raising the Age of Eligibility for Medicare from of essays, 65 to 67: An Updated Estimate of the Budgetary Effects , October 2013. [xxv] This material is based on coursework How Single-payer Health Care Failed in Progressive Paradise , Wall Street Journal, August 1, 2015. [xxvi] Matt 25:34-35 lists six works of mercy. The seventh, that of burying the about in life, dead, has its scriptural origin in the Old Testament book of Tobias (Tobit) 1:20-21. Money, Emotions – and Tightrope Walking. Economics has occasionally been referred to as the psy 3315 coursework mansfield, “dismal science.” [i] For some people, all those forecasts, graphs and charts are about what of essays, as interesting as watching paint dry or grass grow. Money is an psy 3315 mansfield important measurement tool in economic analysis.
And economics in general and essay about failure, money in particular do intersect with Catholic social teaching. Money has at least two basic functions: first, as a medium of exchange and, second, as a store of value. We use money to purchase goods and services – it’s far easier and more efficient than barter. We can also delay spending until a future date and psy 3315 mansfield, be somewhat confident that the value of money – its purchasing power – will remain relatively unchanged. [ii] In economic jargon, money that’s spent currently is what kinds of essays called “consumption”; money that’s retained to be spent later is coursework mansfield termed “savings” or “investment.” Money can purchase medical services that save lives, or illegal drugs that cost lives. It can be funneled by mobsters through legitimate businesses to be “laundered,” or can be lent to small business owners in developing countries to start enterprises employing scores of school shootings, people and lifting a community out of grinding property. It can build churches or gas chambers at concentration camps.
In short, money is a tool. And like most other tools at our disposal, it has no inherent morality of its own. Any ethical conclusions will depend on coursework mansfield its use – and by our attachment to it. The Emotional Component. Money is more than just entries in a checkbook, or debits and credits, or even the subject of Biblical quotations. Money can evoke an emotional reaction.
Like it or not, money is near and dear to what kinds of essays the heart of most of us. It’s been said that “A man’s pocketbook is the seat of psy 3315, his sensitivities.” [iii] There’s an emotional component that attaches to money. Want proof? Just walk up and down the essays, street and ask strangers the psy 3315, amount of their taxable income, or how much money they earned last year. Rest assured, you’ll be given strange and even hostile looks, and many responses will be emotional – as in “None of your ____ business!” Or listen to a family that has just lost its source of idaho essay outline, income, either through death or a layoff. When gathered to discuss family economics [iv] and psy 3315 mansfield, the prospect of lack of food or losing their home, the conversation will not be conducted in dry academic tones. There’s true emotion here because a major threat has arisen to the family’s survivability. A Balancing Act.
So, as Catholics, how do we view money or, for that matter, the things that money buys? The best image might be a tightrope. We have to find a balance between, on the one hand, acquiring what we need for our sustainability and that of our loved ones, and on shootings the other hand, becoming overly attached toward material possessions. We need food; too little and we starve; too much and we become overweight through gluttony. Often, when we see news reports of people who have lost their homes and possessions in a flood, tornado or other disaster, quite often we’ll hear expressions of gratitude that the family member escaped, and that the psy 3315, rest of it is, “just stuff.” Indeed. There’s a quote regarding the length of mcad resume, a woman’s dress that seems appropriate here: the psy 3315 coursework mansfield, problem is not whether it’s too long or too short; the problem is where to draw the in life, line. [v] The Perspective of Jesus. So, what’s the proper approach to money or, indeed, any material thing? We are to be “in the world, but not of it.” Jesus himself tells us that it’s difficult – but not impossible – for psy 3315 coursework mansfield, a rich person to enter heaven. [vi]
We’ve all heard that “Money is the root of all evil.” [vii] We’ve also heard Scripture references to essay outline “Lay up in heaven your treasures, where neither moth nor rust destroys…for where your treasure is, there will your heart also be.” [viii] Material things were put here on earth for our benefit and use. Money is a human invention that simplifies the exchange of one good or service for another. Psy 3315 Mansfield. Jesus himself paid the temple tax, [ix] and idaho outline, was not afraid to provide premium material things to humans – recall the coursework, wedding feast at Cana, where he transformed water into wine for the benefit of the newly married couple. Not just any kind of wine, but the choice variety. [x] Jesus encouraged a woman to what anoint his head and feet with precious oils when he was eating, despite their cost. [xi] Some of the onlookers objected to such extravagance, but Jesus told them that “the poor you always have with you; you will not always have me.” [xii] However, it’s safe to say that Jesus was not overly attached to material possessions. When he died, he literally had nothing to psy 3315 coursework mansfield his name. At his crucifixion, his clothing was the prize in a dice game, [xiii] and mcad resume, he was buried in a borrowed tomb. [xiv]
Money – and the things it buys – is part of our culture. Coursework Mansfield. It’s in the air all around us. So how do we handle and manage it, and our desire – driven by our nature and culture – for more, more, more? Those in the tax profession know the phrase “highest and paper maths, best use,” [xv] and it certainly applies here. Any decision about the best use of worldly goods has a situational element to psy 3315 mansfield it: finding the “highest and what of essays, best use” for money and the things it buys. It depends on the facts and circumstances, and requires both reflection and judgement. It’s our degree of attachment that makes all the difference. And, because we have inherited the mansfield, effects of Original Sin, it’s a lifelong struggle to maintain that proper balance.
But, if we truly want to have a personal relationship with Christ, to be his followers, we need maintain that balance – to walk that tightrope – each and every day. Thanks for reading. Past. Until next time…God Bless! © 2015 Phillip Schurrer. All Rights Reserved. [i] The first recorded use of the phrase “dismal science” occurred in coursework Thomas Carlyle’s 1749 essay, “Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question.” [ii] Of course, that confidence also depends on how far into the future we eventually will spend the money. In the kinds, words of finance, “a dollar today is worth more than a dollar tomorrow” due to inflation. And all this confidence evaporates if there is rampant inflation, such as in Germany in the 1920’s, or rampant deflation, such as occurred in the United States in the 1930’s. [iii] I’d like to attribute this quote to Jefferson, but can’t be sure of the source.
[iv] The word “economics” originates in the ancient Greek words for “good practices for household management.” [v] Again, an unattributed quote. Psy 3315 Mansfield. I’d like to essays credit G.K. Chesterton but, again, can’t be certain. [vi] Matthew 19:23-26. [vii] The exact quote is from 1 Timothy 6:10 “the love of psy 3315 coursework, money is the root of all evil.” (My emphasis.) That’s much different than “money is the root of all evil.” [viii]Matthew 6:20-21. This quote is part of the Sermon on the Mount. [ix] Matthew 17:23-26. [xi] Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9; Luke 7:36-50; John 12:1-8. This event is one of the events in the life of Christ reported by all four evangelists.
[xii] This is reported in Matthew, Mark and John. See footnote 10 for specific citations. [xiii] Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:23-24. Again, one of the mcad resume, events reported in all four Gospels. [xiv] Matthew 27:57-60.
[xv] This phrase is often found in property tax regulations regarding the valuation of real estate.