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Armed Robbery Essays and Research Papers. Resume! know all robberies are felonies and essay about vandalism, with the use of weapons brings tougher penalties towards the crime committed by the individual. While all . robberies are considered to be violent crimes certain states took the initiative to quebecois raise the management help punishment when a violator uses a weapon of choice to rob. This means the quebecois person that is robbing you is more at risk of serving a greater prison sentence if he is caught and aqa religious past papers mark's gospel, convicted. Quebecois! For the most part, many people do not realize that 40% of all robberies that are. Crime , Piracy , Robbery 1193 Words | 3 Pages. Essay About Vandalism! Variation in Sentencing with Armed Robbery. Variation in Sentencing with Armed Robbery Antwanette Billingsley St. Leo University 10/13/2011 . Quebecois! There are many questions surrounding the sentencing process in a2, the State of Georgia surrounding several crimes. Why is there a variation in resume quebecois, the process depending on physics, where the crime was committed, who committed it, who the victim was, how many cases are on back log? Why do we allow these factors to play a part in the decision making process? Serious violent crimes.

Assault , Crime , Crimes 1575 Words | 5 Pages. Kampung Desa until a gang of robbers had fled from a police station near the village recently. They were on the most wanted list by the police since they had . Quebecois! harmed victims before. Ever since their getaway, there had been abundant of reports involving robbery occurring in Kampung Desa. Most victims were unable to identify the culprits because they were wearing masks. The villagers of Kampung Desa had been warned by dba resume the police to stay on guard at all times. The villagers were beginning to worry. Some.

FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives , Knocked Out , Police 909 Words | 3 Pages. Prison Term Policy Recommendation. sustain a bill that addresses a real concern, creates proper use of resume, resources and effectively addresses the problem for which it was intended. It is known . that victims of ocr advancing, armed robberies want to see the offenders punished. It is resume, noticeable that the public’s desire is to essay be safe and protected from being a victim of armed robbery . While on resume quebecois, the other hand, the legislature must show caution in legislating across the aqa religious studies past papers board sentencing and defend discretion for the judicial system to quebecois consider the specific. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 815 Words | 5 Pages. the maximum prison term for anyone convicted of computer science universities, armed robbery . Resume Quebecois! My boss and other members of the legislature knows that this is a . popular bill, but most question that if it would even do any good. I will advise to you any recommendations, reasons, how effective it could be and if it is a good bill overall. As you know the state legislature will be voting on a bill that will double the maximum prison time for an individual convicted of armed robbery . The reason for should stay this proposal is too help give. Crime , Piracy , Robbery 887 Words | 5 Pages. Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal. convicted armed robbery is under review and must be voted on. Voting for this bill to pass can sometimes have mixed reviews. . Resume Quebecois! According to Georgia Law (O.C.G.A. 16-8-41) Armed robbery is described as, “A person commits the dba resume offense of armed robbery when, with intent to commit theft, he or she takes property of another from the quebecois person or the immediate presence of another by use of an at home essay offensive weapon, or any replica, article, or device having the appearance of such weapon.

The offense of robbery by intimidation. Quebecois! Crime , Crimes , Criminal justice 1020 Words | 4 Pages. prison policies. Therefore, the prison policy of mothers should at home essay, convicted armed robbery is under review and must be voted on, which voting for . bill to resume quebecois pass can sometimes have mix reviews. Robbery occurs when property from a person, place, or bank is postgres dba resume, taken by force. Armed robbery is using a type of weapon to take possession of something, which results as more of a serious crime than robbery . According to Armed Robbery Charges (2010), “ Armed robbery is the taking of resume, said property, but with the use of physics a2, a firearm. Crime , Crimes , Criminal justice 1028 Words | 3 Pages. Clelland Prison Term Policy Recommendation The state legislature will be voting on a bill that would double the maximum prison time that an individual will . receive for armed robbery if convicted. Resume! According to the Uniform Crime Report (UCR), “ armed robbery is defined as an aggravated form of robbery in project management coursework help, which the defendant is armed with a dangerous weapon.” The reason for this proposal is to help give different solutions that may assist the state legislation members in order to see other solutions. Capital punishment , Crime , Criminology 952 Words | 5 Pages. Prison Term Policy Recommendation Paper.

Recommendation Paper University of Phoenix Criminology/ CJA 323 May 30, 2007 Prison Term Policy Recommendation Paper The crime of . armed robbery is an offense that deserves punishment. Should that crime be subject to double the maximum prison term, or could the offender be rehabilitated? Individuals who purposely commit violent acts of robbery on innocent victims should not only receive double the maximum prison term, but those individuals should be made to compensate their victims by. Quebecois! Crime , Crimes , Penology 1062 Words | 3 Pages. Essay! Prison Term Policy Recommendation. for anyone convicted of armed robbery . I will also address the resume quebecois reasoning behind my recommendations concerning the matter. . Regardless of how many voters are for or against a bill does not mean that it should become a policy. Many people would believe that this bill if passed would be for a greater cause or for the greater good. I think that the aqa religious studies past papers gospel bill should be looked into a bit differently in resume, order to studies gospel see if there are some better solutions for resume people convicted of mothers should at home essay, armed robbery . Resume Quebecois! With the bill being. Capital punishment , Crime , Crime statistics 1487 Words | 4 Pages. Postgres Dba Resume! Sarah committed was aggravated robbery which is defined as the use of, or exhibits or carries the weapon and threatens to resume use it (Criminal . Defense Lawyer, 2013).

A deadly weapon can be any item that can be used or threaten to do bodily harm such as a gun, knife, club. Under most state laws aggravated robbery carries a stiffer penalty (longer possible term) than simple robbery by aqa religious papers mark's merely taking by force or by the threat of resume quebecois, force (Criminal Defense Lawyer, 2013). To be armed is to threaten to a2 use a weapon. Burglary , Crime , Crimes 1050 Words | 3 Pages. ? Prison Term Policy Recommendation Proposal September 9, 2013 Armed robbery is a . serious crime that can put many people in harm’s way. Whether a person is robbing a place of business or an individual, they are committing a crime against society and robbing people of their sense of safety and security. When someone chooses to bring a weapon while they are committing a crime, their intentions are to intimidate and control their victims, or to injure them. Crime , Criminology , Incapacitation 847 Words | 3 Pages. DATE: December 4, 2010 RE: Charging Bob and Susan Tuttle of Negligent Supervision Question Presented Did Joseph Haney effectively simulate a . deadly weapon and create a life-threatening environment, sufficient to satisfy the Arizona armed robbery statute, by thrusting his hand into a pocket and telling the store clerk that it was a holdup and to [l]ie still if you want to resume live, when the about victim was unsure whether Haney had such a weapon, when Haney used both hands to grab money from. Robbery , Theft 1475 Words | 4 Pages. that was getting robbed and was shot and killed. The man charged with his murder was Michael R. Pulido.

He was charged with first degree murder along the . felony murder law. That law states that killing during the resume act of dba resume, a felony, in resume quebecois, this case a robbery , is automatically first degree murder. The way I have interpreted the facts of this case, the defendant was the postgres dba resume one who pulled the trigger and point toward him as the killer. Resume Quebecois! To come to this decision, the jury had to conclude that the postgres defendant had. Assault , Black-and-white films , Crimes 847 Words | 3 Pages. Prison Term Policy Recommendation. Resume Quebecois! convicted of armed robbery . Furthermore detailing to science indian the reader regarding the author's professional opinion on resume, doubling the . Project Coursework! prison sentence for those who commit armed robbery with the resume quebecois threat of should stay, force, whether explicitly stated or implied.

In further discussion of the topic, alternatives to resume quebecois prison incarceration or additives to legal punishment will be mentioned including education of businesses and the general public as well as rehabilitation and reform techniques. Armed robbery is, simply, a robbery at gunpoint. Crime , Crime statistics , Criminology 1534 Words | 6 Pages. Universities! Recommendation Is it a good idea for those individuals convicted of armed robbery to resume receive double the sentence that it is now? . In my opinion the answer is no. Stay At Home Essay! Policy making in the field of criminal justice is extremely vital to society.

Punishments can be very confusing in the fact of what is appropriate. What is too much and what is too little? There have been many studies that show that there is resume quebecois, little or no deterrent of crime such as armed robbery when the punishment is a long sentence to prison. Mothers Essay! The reason. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminology 899 Words | 5 Pages.

Prison Term Policy Recommendation. The legal definition of armed robbery , according to The Free Dictionary by Farlex is The taking of money or goods in the . possession of another, from his or her person or immediate presence, by force or intimidation. (Free Dictionary, 2009) This is resume quebecois, not to be confused with larceny. Essay! An armed robbery is defined when a person is made to feel fear or harm and quebecois, then has personal property stolen. Mark's! Larceny is quebecois, a person who hasIt is the responsibility for project help members of the state legislature to thoroughly research. Crime , Crimes , New Jersey 1536 Words | 4 Pages.

INDIANAPOLIS: Robbery Hostage Killed After Offering Himself Nov. 19, 1985 A fast-food restaurant manager was killed Sunday after he . Quebecois! talked two intruders into taking him as a hostage in place of one of his colleagues. The police said today that the death of the manager, Dewayne M. Bible, might have resulted from science indian his insistence on turning off a freezer where five women were held at quebecois a McDonald's restaurant. The gunmen entered the restaurant at 8 A.M., said Sgt. Fred L. Jackson. Burger King , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1881 Words | 5 Pages. ethompson Profiling Jack the Ripper 072. and they must be so distinct that they can be recognized as the handiwork of the same person. For example, assume that a defendant is on papers, trial for . armed Robbery . In the resume robbery the defendant is alleged to have brandished a pistol and vandalism, ordered the victim to resume quebecois relinquish cash and coursework, valuables. Assume further that the defendant has committed armed robbery in the past by brandishing a pistol and demanding cash and valuables. A prosecutor might be able to introduce the resume quebecois evidence into trial to show the defendant's. Crime , Criminal law , Criminology 709 Words | 4 Pages. Should Essay! criminal. For instance an armed robbery at a bank and the criminal get away with a large lump sum of money.

It causes people to . live in fear and quebecois, cause people to avoid dangerous areas especially at night. It can also bring disorder in communities and disrupting services and driving down real estate values and destabilizing other areas. Robbery is the more common hate crime in my city. People commit robberies for a lot of different reasons. And u also have different types of science universities, robberies . Attempts have been.

Assault , Crime , Crimes 816 Words | 3 Pages. Quebecois! a prison term policy on armed robbery . Currently the legislature will soon be voting on vandalism, a bill that would double the maximum . prison term for anyone convicted of armed robbery . First I would like to define what the legal definition of armed robbery is as defined by the Black's Law Dictionary which is: an resume aggravated form of robbery in physics coursework a2, which the defendant is armed with a dangerous weapon, though it is not necessary to resume quebecois prove that he used the weapon to effectuate the robbery . The taking of property. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminal law 2060 Words | 6 Pages. Should At Home Essay! Bagadonuts to rob a bank. 4. Know a gun collector named Smith 5. Breaks into Smith’s house 6. Breaks into the gun locker and steals couple of . handguns, saw-off shotgun, and automatic weapons. 7. Robs the bank 8. In a shootout with the armed guard during this a bank teller and police officer is shot. 9. Run from the police officers. 10. Breaks into Smokey’s house. Little Louie 1. Resume! Conspiracy Title 18, Part 1, Ch, 19, § 371 2. Burglary - break an entering . Ocr Advancing Physics A2! 3rd millennium , Assault , Burglary 931 Words | 4 Pages. legislature that would double the maximum prison term for anyone convicted of armed robbery . As a criminologist advisor to a . state legislator, I have been tasked with proposing a recommendation on whether or not the current bill on the table will be good for the government and the communities it represents or detrimental. The proposed bill would double the current maximum prison term for any individual convicted of armed robbery . The thought behind such a bill is that a longer prison term will deter people. Crime , Parole , Prison 821 Words | 4 Pages.

Social vices include any immoral activities which are likely to become involved in any profitable venture or activity. Various social vices exist in Nigeria . Resume Quebecois! today which is sad and these social vices include 1.) Drug addiction 2.) Pornography 3.) Armed Robbery 4.) Examination Malpractice 5.) Cultism 1.) Drug addiction: Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is project management help, a dependence on a legal or illegal drug or medication. Keep in mind that alcohol and nicotine are legal substances, but are also. Addiction , Drug , Drug addiction 1038 Words | 3 Pages. pending that may be collected at another date or time. Resume Quebecois! The summary would to basically give the details of aqa religious studies papers gospel, how he was initiated into the investigation. . For an example: At the request of Robbery Detective H. Resume! Granier, this writer was requested to respond to assist in processing the scene of an armed robbery involving 4 unknown masked subjects.

Detective H. Ocr Advancing Physics Coursework! Granier’s preliminary investigation revealed that the subjects startled the victim as she returned home from shopping. For further details. Crime , Criminal record , CSI: Crime Scene Investigation 1022 Words | 5 Pages. murders of two unarmed police officers in Greater Manchester, the resume quebecois question has been raised that ‘should police officers be armed ’? Fiona Bone . and her colleague Nicola Hughes died after going out on a routine patrol to check a reported burglary. It appeared that they were lured to management coursework the address for resume a deliberate attack. The question of ‘would they have survived if they had been armed ’ remains unknown but many people have their opinion which I will be discussing throughout. Computer Indian! There can be a lot of benefits. Constable , Crime , Criminal justice 1220 Words | 3 Pages. Resume Quebecois! types of crime their reserved for witch is as follows according to (Firm); class A with, murder or treason; class B with, homicides, armed . robbery , rape, drug trafficking, or a violent assault; class C with, types of assault, fraud, types of theft, robbery , larceny—even drug distribution would fall into this category; class D with, larceny, types of postgres dba resume, fraud, theft, robbery , burglary, or some types of manslaughter; and lastly class E with, theft, assault, forcible touching, or aggravated harassment.

Sentences. Assault , Crime , Crimes 968 Words | 3 Pages. committing was aggravated robbery under Section 77 of the Act. Resume Quebecois! A person guilty of aggravated burglary is guilty of an essay about vandalism indictable offence and . liable to level 2 imprisonment (25 years maximum);satisfies the punishment requirement as set out in section 3A(1) of the Act. The gun was triggered in the course of the robbery ; satisfying that the death occurred while the foundational crime was being committed. Quebecois! In R v Butcher it was held that even though the definition of armed robbery , which was the foundational.

Causality , Causation in English law , Crime 797 Words | 3 Pages. One of the Most Important Moment in My Life. The terrible robbery incident that happened to me and the rest members of my immediate family . 14yrs ago occurred In the big house my father has labored to aqa religious studies mark's gospel build to his comfort, and also , threatened my life, and the entire household. Only a few flashback memories of normalcy, panic, and luck are what are left in my head. It was a normal raining season back in Nigeria, West Africa, known as summer here in the United States. The month was July and. Quebecois! English-language films , Family , Father 1586 Words | 4 Pages. Mothers Should Essay! Chance Bunch Criminals Barred Blamed Identical Same Opportunity Group Accused Prisoners Inmates Band Match the resume words with the essay vandalism meaning: Word Meaning . Pilot scheme A trial, an experiment scheme. Directory inquiries Members of the Mafia. Daylight robbery The amount of resume quebecois, money you earn from selling goods or services. Purpose built Extremely thorough and physics, careful.

The takings Specially designed. Mafiosi A call centre service that provides phone numbers. Rigorous Obviously overcharging. Quebecois! Choose two. Crime , Criminal justice , Prison 795 Words | 6 Pages. criminally. Criminals are usually rolling the dice when they are targeting law abiding citizens in right to studies past papers carry states. Quebecois! (Polsby) Criminals do not fear the . police or other authorities. Mark's! What they fear most is the citizens who might be potentially armed . It makes it harder for criminals because they do not know what to quebecois expect from them if they’re planning to rob them. They’re either fortunate to project management have an unarmed victim or they become a victim with a citizen that is ready to shoot and defend their families. Crime , Criminology , Firearm 1340 Words | 4 Pages.

Melissa Rorie Dr. Quebecois! LaValle Criminology 200 March 3, 2013 Bonnie and Clyde had allegedly killed a total of thirteen people, conducted several . robberies and burglaries, kidnapping, automobile theft, and abduction. It was believed that The Borrow Gang was guilty of all of these charges; because they were caught red handed. For example, the Ford that was left abandoned on the side of the road down an embankment. After the studies past papers mark's authorities searched the resume quebecois vehicle, they found a prescription bottle which left.

Blanche Barrow , Bonnie and Clyde , Buck Barrow 1988 Words | 5 Pages. Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision Making. report our store was robbed at a2 gun point. Luckily, no one was hurt during the robbery . Fortunately, Starbucks has a camera system that . Resume Quebecois! recorded the incident. Stay At Home! After the police arrived, they began to take statements from all employees on duty. Resume! The shift supervisor and the other employee were first to give descriptions of the man and the account of what took place. I gave mine last. While frozen in place during the robbery , I was able to physics recount my description to the officer of what the man was wearing. Critical thinking , Learning , Logic 955 Words | 3 Pages. do the people of “the Point” and “the Port” react to his death? The robbery took place in a small town in South Australia called the resume quebecois “Port”. . The pub was a local pub in the town. The pub was robbed on last Monday night by three Aboriginals or Nungas as the locals call them.

At 2:30am on Monday, the pub owner, Victor James McRae, heard a noise that woke him from dba resume his sleep. When investigating the resume quebecois noise, he found 3 Nungas armed with guns asking to open the safe. While getting the keys to the safe. Crime , Piracy , Robbery 1223 Words | 3 Pages. Bullet in the Brain by Tobias Wolff. Sagy Sheein Pro.Crawford “Bullet in the Brain” “Bullet in the Brain” is science universities, a short story written by Tobias Wolff. Resume Quebecois! The story is about a book critic named . Ocr Advancing Physics Coursework A2! Anders, while waiting in a long line at the bank he is the victim of an armed robbery and gets shot and resume quebecois, killed. The story is divided in to two parts, and physics a2, this division allows the reader to see a contrast between two parts of main character’s personality. I want to resume argue in this essay that the combination of Anders love of words and negative past. Robbery , Shut up , The Robbers 1326 Words | 3 Pages. (Golding). This was also an example of sexuality in the book, sexual elements are also apart of the world.

The last key element of id is agression, which is . violence. A man gets sentenced 110 years in prison for armed robbery , he murdered a north suburban store clerk during a 2007 robbery . In the book lord of the flies after insanity took over Jack’s group they reverted to killing others which was something that is not acceptable in the real world, an example of killing in ocr advancing, lord of the flies was when. Bowling for quebecois Columbine , Crime , English-language films 720 Words | 3 Pages. what happened that day two days after Mike’s death. Ocr Advancing Physics A2! Jackson first stated that Michael Brown was a suspect in an armed robbery , . however Jackson later clarified that what happened with Michael and the police had nothing to do with the robbery , and this evidence was submitted from the Washington Post. So if the resume police did not stopped Michael and his friend because of the robbery then why, is it because he was walking in should at home, the street? Dorian Johnson the friend that was with Michael during the.

Crime , Michael Jackson , Murder 928 Words | 4 Pages. Florida with her Uncle Bob and her uncle is resume, driving because she does not have a valid driver’s license. Tammy has only an identification card. Bob has a . criminal record because he spent five years in San Quentin Penitentiary for auto theft and armed robbery with a firearm. The Trip On August 5th 2006 Bob calls Tammy to see if she is available for a two-week trip to Miami Florida to aqa religious studies papers see the sights. Bob lives in San Diego California and Tammy lives in Moxee Washington. Tammy will fly to San Diego. Automobile , Crime , Criminal law 2545 Words | 7 Pages. youth are easily by things the see, hear, and read from the quebecois mass media, both electronic and print media, they tend to copy these things which leads to . A2! indiscipline.

It is resume, noted that individuals who are indiscipline become thieves, prostitutes and armed robbers because of the studies papers affluent lives that social misfits portray in the foreign movies that they watch. Exposure to foreign culture The youth also become indiscipline as a result of their exposure to western lifestyle through contacts and travels. Law , Law enforcement agency , Mass media 624 Words | 3 Pages. CRIMINAL LAW THREE TYPES: Infractions- (like traffic tickets), which are minor violations and, usually, the punishment is resume quebecois, having to pay a fine. Felonies- . are serious crimes like armed robbery , arson, carjacking, rape, assault with intent to do great bodily harm, drug dealing, and about, murder. This is only a partial list but the thing to remember about felonies is that you will have over one year in prison if convicted. Misdemeanors- are lesser offenses like assault, reckless driving, drug possession. Assault , Crime , Crimes 1727 Words | 5 Pages. meet their daily needs, though it could be a difficult hypothesis to test. Bad economics leads to property theft and robberies as criminals . steal items they cannot afford.

Since 2008, there has been an increase recession in the United States as said by data from police records. However, the FBI in 2010 release records of a drop in violent crimes but not property theft and resume quebecois, robberies . This can be seen on the media reports and even major adverts on the streets such as bus stops where a particular figure. Crime , Criminology , Economics 2072 Words | 8 Pages. escorting swanky businessmen, thus attaining the goal of quick cash less unlawfully. The movie snidely communicates to coursework a2 us that dressing up as Sonny and . Resume! Cher to commit armed robbery , or taking your neighbor’s car and driving it through a jewelry store window is less shameful than selling your body. The definition of robbery is “the act of robbing from a person or presence of another by violence or threat” which is studies past, considered a felony; prostituting or escorting doesn't hurt anyone, for this reason. Accounting scandals , Dick and Jane , Ethics 1562 Words | 4 Pages. the quebecois predominant ones in the Bahamas is robbery , domestic violence, sexual assault/rape, and essay vandalism, murder. Firstly, robbery in the . Bahamas is resume, becoming increasingly popular lately especially with opening of the numerous Cash for project Gold stores.

Many persons are being robbed by criminals of gold such as chains, bracelets, anklets etc. to trade them in for money. There are many different types of robbery such as; armed or aggravated robbery , carjacking, and resume, highway robbery or mugging. Secondly, Domestic violence. Abuse , Child abuse , Crime 2021 Words | 5 Pages. Csi Make Up Story to Explain What Csi Is. father in the bedroom hallway. Joseph called the police; the police contacted the Crime Scene Investigators (CSI) to investigate who did this and the . criminal pattern. Crime scene investigators oversee a myriad of complex crime scenes such as armed robberies , home invasions, homicides, sexual assaults, and other property crimes. The CSI created a crime scene perimeter before investigating.

CSI is responsible for collecting, documenting, securing, and properly storing all of the evidence found at. Crime , Criminal justice , CSI: Crime Scene Investigation 822 Words | 3 Pages. remains free because his nation did not have cyber crime laws. The AnnaKournikova virus caused billions of dollars in damage, but the postgres dba resume individual who . distributed it received only 150 hours of community service as a penalty Cybercrime is not “ armed robbery ”, not “pen and resume, paper crime” and about, should not be handle as such. Fighting Cybercrime requires intelligent knowledge and resume quebecois, that has to be IT intelligence. What I mean is this, men of the regular Police force should not be allowed to investigate crimes. Computer crime , Crime , E-mail spam 751 Words | 3 Pages. while to work, but I guarantee drug violations with decrease in stay at home essay, the future years. Quebecois! One of dba resume, America's most costly crime is resume quebecois, armed . robbery . In 1992, armed robbery offences added up to $834 million. Over 1/3 of the criminals were repeat offenders (Criminology).

Punishment must not have been served correctly if ex-offenders feel as if they can repeat the about vandalism felony. Quebecois! First of all, armed robbery is risking someone's life. The robber has the potential to use the weapon, and aqa religious studies past papers mark's, if something goes wrong most of the time. Corrections , Crime , Criminal justice 1575 Words | 4 Pages. Criminal Law, Offences against property, arrest and detention. Resume! involving dishonest behaviour, include theft, robbery and burglary. “Dishonest offences are provided for by legislation, Criminal Justice . (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act 2001.

This act contains a wide range of project management coursework help, offences. It has taken into account changes in resume quebecois, technology creating new offences. Postgres Dba Resume! It also provides for a number of offences which may not have been previously recognised. Examples of quebecois, offences under the act: Theft Burglary Aggravated Burglary Robbery Forgery Deception Corruption Unlawful use of. Arrest , Crime , Crimes 2069 Words | 9 Pages. About Vandalism! committed by are all documented and used to monitor crime levels in society. Resume! From January to June of 2010, Phoenix, Arizona saw a monumental rise in physics, . the number of reported robberies in the city. In 2009 there was 470 robberies documented by the police department. In the year 2010 the resume number raised 1027 robberies that were reported to total 1497. The number of aggravated assaults was on the rise as well. In 2009 there were 122 documented accounts of about, aggravated assault.

A year later the. Quebecois! Assault , Crime , Crimes 908 Words | 3 Pages. Social Learning Theory: an ocr advancing physics coursework a2 Attempt to quebecois Explain Crime. they influence the individual’s behavior. After looking at the data from the Uniform Crime Report of robbery , one of the four violent crimes, . this theory will be expanded upon. In addition, a study of the theory will be summarized along with its findings and conclusions. Considering all the data, the components of the theory, and past mark's gospel, the test of the theory, new policies will be suggested. Robbery , as defined by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2011), is “the taking or attempting to take anything. Crime , Criminology , National Crime Victimization Survey 2212 Words | 6 Pages. and the crime of robbery . The difference between burglary and robbery is that robbery is confrontational which . makes it crime against person, and burglary isn’t which makes it a crime against property. As stated in the book “burglary is resume quebecois, considered a property crime in which the thief seeks to project help avoid direct contact with people during commission of the crime.

In addition, locations of burglaries are usually unoccupied homes or businesses where no witness are present. The crime of robbery is quebecois, quite different. Burglary , Circumstantial evidence , Crime 843 Words | 3 Pages. years ago, is postgres, still the sad state of our society today. The justice system is so corrupt that people in higher positions of power that are tried and proven . guilty of horrendous crimes sometimes get the same amount of prison time as a small scaled armed robbery . An example of this is when pictures leaked of physical and emotional torture and sadistic killings conducted by a certain general and the 6 other people on his team in resume quebecois, a prison in Iraq. A lot of the people that were there were taken from the streets. Civilization , Crime , Criminal justice 1063 Words | 3 Pages. |Criminal Investigation | . The Brenton Butler Case Brenton Lenard Butler was charged with murder and armed robbery in the death of MaryAnn Stephens, of Toccoa, GA. At age 15 Brenton Butler, Could have faced life in prison without Parole if he was convicted of first -degree murder.

In Florida nobody the age of sixteen or younger can face the death penalty. MaryAnn. Appeal , Capital punishment , Court 1288 Words | 4 Pages. Essay About! Foreign travel advice Zimbabwe Safety and resume quebecois, security Crime There is a moderate level of crime, including occasional armed . robberies targeting foreign residents. Make sure your accommodation is secure at all times. Mugging, pick pocketing and jewellery theft are common in city centres, especially after dark. Be particularly careful at Harare airport, and when leaving banks and dba resume, cash points. Don’t carry large amounts of cash.People travelling around alone may be more vulnerable to crime. Resume! Carry a photocopy. Crime , Harare , Morgan Tsvangirai 1057 Words | 3 Pages.

Blottering System Foreign Literatures. Matt Tomsic, Star-News, Wilmington, N.C., “Police charge suspect in Walmart, Bank of America robberies ”, “ Aug. . 20--WILMINGTON -- Detectives arrested a Wilmington man Thursday in phd thesis computer indian, the robbery of a Walmart robbery Wednesday, according to a news release from the Wilmington Police Department. David Carl Collins, 46, is charged with two counts of robbery with a dangerous weapon. Collins also was charged with robbing a Bank of America on July 15. . Computer network , Crime , Federal Bureau of Investigation 1083 Words | 4 Pages. Community Problems - Our Responsibility. ultimately distract the government from focusing on quebecois, national problems. Indeed, each community must be more responsible for their problems, for example, . crime, local pollution, inadequate transportation, and coursework help, education.

Crimes including burglaries, robberies , mugging, and car theft can disrupt and resume, destroy communities. Such crimes can be prevented by effectively by recruiting more police officers to patrol streets, improving security with CCTV and locks within buildings, and increasing the citizens' awareness. Community , Federal government of the United States , Form of government 1003 Words | 3 Pages. where a gas station is robbed. A masked criminal enters the gas station armed with a gun and points at the clerk demanding him to take out science indian all . the cash out of the register. The clerk will be staring at resume the gun and in response to his demand will start handing out the cash from the register. He will not be in the state to notice the robber’s height, figure, ethnicity and clothing making him a terrible eyewitness to the robbery . Even though people claim to be good eyewitnesses, ‘The Innocence Project’. Brain , Cognitive psychology , Event planning 962 Words | 3 Pages.

Motion to phd thesis computer science indian universities Quash Qualified Theft/Distinction from Carnapping. and Penalizing Carnapping. With the effectivity of the aforesaid law, the Supreme Court has held in certain cases that the unlawful taking of motor vehicles . is now covered by the anti-carnapping law and resume quebecois, not by the provisions on qualified theft or robbery . 10. The elucidation of the Supreme Court in the case of project, People v. Bustinera (G. R. No. 148233, June 8, 2004) might cast some light as to the proper charge within which herein accused should be indicted. In the aforesaid case, appellant was a. Automobile , Crime , Criminal law 2115 Words | 7 Pages. Estrella Village, Guiguinto, Bulacan. In this community the number of resume, crimes happened increased, it is due to absence of postgres dba resume, security, street lights, and . security cameras.

In the last four years, they had encountered numbers of resume, crime such as hold ups, robberies , etc. at first, the victims are always ladies, particularly college students and management help, workers, the suspects are commonly called “ride in tandem”, but not too long, another crime happened, but by this time the suspects are much bold, prepared and armored. Closed-circuit television , Crime , Guard 2028 Words | 8 Pages. War on Poverty I believe poverty is a big social issue in America. Poverty can be the main cause of resume, robberies , drugs, alcoholism, . prostitution, and homelessness. These are some examples that concern me the phd thesis computer universities most. Many people in this country don’t realize how serious this issue is, although we see it happening all the time.

This issue is so overwhelming that it’s not brought up by quebecois many people nowadays. Physics Coursework A2! Poverty in this country has been since America was established. Quebecois! There has always been poverty. Addiction , Alcoholism , Drug addiction 1156 Words | 3 Pages.

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Peacekeeping And Counternsurgency Essay Sample. The contemporary political environment calls for resume, making exact distinctions between peacekeeping and counterinsurgencies. Aqa Religious Studies. Political professionals currently face the quebecois growing confusion between the essay two notions. Resume Quebecois. Even in the light of the increasing similarities between the vandalism two different processes, peacekeeping and counterinsurgency are not the same. Resume Quebecois. They carry certain differences and different political implications. Under the changing political conditions some attempts were made to connect these two doctrines, yet objectivity is the major concern in political science: even in the light of coursework, certain similarities, peacekeeping and counterinsurgency are inherently different. The after Cold-War period was marked by the drastically changing conditions and challenges of military conflicts all over the world: military interventions have turned into being intrastate, and resume quebecois, the military missions were mainly conducted in extremely volatile and complex environments.

In that challenging environment, political research faced one of the major theoretical conflicts: whether peacekeeping and postgres, counterinsurgency could be held as similar doctrines, or whether they were different. “The difficulties of resume, different UN missions led the majority of observers to conclude that the mechanism of traditional peacekeeping was only coursework a2 of limited utility in the managing of intrastate types of conflicts.”[1] Several opinions are found in literature upon the subject of peacekeeping vs. counterinsurgency. Quebecois. On the one hand, Jones and Riley[2] state that counterinsurgency was an updated form of peacekeeping, called for by the new political conditions in the new post-Cold War political environment. These assertions were provoked by the similarities between counterinsurgency and peacekeeping. On the other hand, Lovelock[3] referred to the idea that peacekeeping was an outdated form of intervening military and civil conflicts, and that counterinsurgency was a totally new broader doctrine of supporting political stability in the world. I would rather agree with the latter, because even despite the continuous misleading assertions about the similarity and identity of peacekeeping and counterinsurgency, these two processes are still different.

The majority of the researched literary sources suggest that although many distinctions between the two political and military phenomena are concealed and require additional research, they can still be distinguished and analyzed through the prism of political and military factors. “The notion of mothers essay, assertive peacekeeping has been heavily influenced by resume quebecois, the experience of the post-Cold War ‘grey area’ operations. Few peacekeeping operations during the coursework a2 Cold War possessed the characteristics common to the post-Cold War environment. Quebecois. Although a consensus has emerged, the relatively few cases from phd thesis computer indian which relevant principles can be drawn to guide the development of new doctrine undermines somewhat its empirical validity, this despite assertions that the resume quebecois doctrine has both empirical and theoretical support.” (Moskaitis 1999, 78) In order to produce a relevant explanation to what counterinsurgency is, we have to clearly understand the characteristics of mothers should essay, counterinsurgency operations, their principles and missions. These principles were described by numerous authors, and many of them intersect and are synonymic to each other.[4] First of all, counterinsurgency is closely connected with the need “for a comprehensive plan and a clear overall objective that can guide the actions of all actors within the conflict zone.”[5] Peacekeeping is also a planned operation. This principle is resume absolutely similar to that of peacekeeping, yet there are some differences. Peacekeeping is the political aim in itself – it does not require having other similar aims, because one of its essential characteristics is project neutrality. Simultaneously, counterinsurgency presupposes that before any actions are undertaken, the resume mission is clearly determined, because counterinsurgency is related to supporting only one side of the help conflict. In this aspect we may suggest that peacekeeping is the resume stage following counterinsurgency, aimed at supporting peace as soon as insurgency is suppressed. Certainly, one of the science most widely spread and generalized political aims of counterinsurgency are to support a unified and an independent country, which should be stable both politically and economically.[6] This is where peacekeeping and counterinsurgency look very similar: the “hearts and minds” approach[7] towards promoting this stability is the conjunction of attitudes and principles which make counterinsurgency and resume, peacekeeping look almost identical.

However, the difference is drastic. The new sophistication level of essay about vandalism, military propaganda in the recent counterinsurgency operations is aimed at quebecois, conquering the hearts and minds of those, who oppose to the existing or the new regime (depending on which regime is supported by the counterinsurgents). The political complexity of the papers mark's counterinsurgency processes is in the fact that they are aimed at ceasing atrocities, and spreading the resume quebecois ideas of peace and stability that are very similar to the goals of peacekeeping. However, we still return to mothers should at home essay, the idea that peacekeeping is the essential stage which follows counterinsurgency. It represents a political approach which is quebecois not absolutely similar to counterinsurgency. Peacekeeping is referred to as having the following goals: “get the existing government or militias to cease atrocities, get opposing sides to agree to vandalism, a cease fire or disarmament, and to restore some sense of civil law and resume, order.”[8] In this sense, counterinsurgency is the preliminary stage to achieving all three mentioned goals. It is impossible to support the government without making it exist, which is ocr advancing performed through counterinsurgency operations and ceasing the military actions of anti-regime insurgents. The fact that peacekeeping follows counterinsurgency does not mean that peacekeeping cannot exist without counterinsurgency.

The peacekeeping operations in resume, Somalia (or better, their attempts) are the brightest example of the situation, when peacekeeping did not require any preliminary actions. In this sense we realize some distinctions between the two discussed notions. Counterinsurgency presupposes fighting the insurgents who oppress the existing intrastate regime through various means: revolutions, terrorism, crimes, etc. Somalia has rather experienced the total loss of any political power at all, in which military conflict and the fight for political power was replaced by mass starvation and chaos.[9] Since 1991, the country has remained without any centralized governmental body or any similar body of centralized political power. Numerous attempts to bring peace into the country have failed due to massive opposition of the mothers stay national population against foreign intervention. It is a rare example when counterinsurgency measures would not produce the quebecois desired effect: it is extremely difficult and management coursework help, is almost impossible to determine the exact political aim of such counterinsurgency operation. Somalia is politically chaotic; there is not a single political force which could be supported through counterinsurgency campaigns.

As a result, counterinsurgency cannot be exercised as an effective tool of balancing Somalia and quebecois, making it prepared to the more efficient process of peacekeeping[10]. Not only phd thesis indian peacekeeping follows counterinsurgency; it is possible to state that counterinsurgency evolves into peacekeeping. Even through the prism of similarity between the two notions, they are different: peacekeeping is narrowly centered on quebecois decreasing the risk of stay at home, military actions and resume quebecois, violence between the opposing insurgents, the mission of counterinsurgency is much broader and reaches beyond the traditional borders. In order to make the conflict less severe and to prepare the country to peacekeeping operations, counterinsurgency principles presuppose suppressing the violent insurgents.[11] These principles are very convenient means of replacing counterinsurgency with peacekeeping explanations, which are beneficial for contemporary politicians. This is not a rare source of contradiction between the two notions. Political leaders view ‘peacekeeping’ as more attractive and understandable to people. The well-known events in Bosnia stemmed from the desire of politicians to hide between the project coursework shields of peacekeeping, while counterinsurgency was the primary aim of those military actions. “Factions broke out between Serbs, Croatians, and Muslims, starting in Croatia, spreading to Slovenia, and then to Bosnia. The Serbs were the resume quebecois minority group in science, all three countries, and with Yugoslavia backing, starting the resume artillery assaults on the cities of the majority groups.

The United States sided with the Muslim and Croatian groups, but didn’t commit ground troops until 1995.” (Tomes 2004, 18) The key term of this citation is “sided with Muslim”, which means that Bosnian operations were predominately held as counterinsurgency and not as peacekeeping: the foreign interveners had a distinct political aim and aqa religious mark's, were supporting only one side of the military conflict. Resume. In addition, not a single act of effective peacekeeping could be undertaken in that violent environment. The assumption that counterinsurgency and peacekeeping are the two subsequent stages of one counter-conflict process is supported by project coursework, the assumption that “force and military measures on their own will be insufficient to achieve a lasting solution; they will not resolve the resume underlying causes of the conflict.”[12] Thus, peacekeeping presupposes stabilizing the achievements of counterinsurgency measures which include various tools beyond the traditional use of military force. Project Management Help. However, counterinsurgency remains more military than peacekeeping operation. Jeong[13] states, that counterinsurgency follows the following goals: “it aims to cut off the sources of material and logistical support from the resume quebecois insurgents; it aims at receiving intelligence on the insurgency from sectors of the population; it attempts to isolate the insurgents geographically to be better able to apply fire power and other military means against them; it has the aim of antagonizing the population and insurgents against each other and thereby the insurgency politically; and it has the aim of addressing some of the causes and justifications of project coursework help, insurgency, to give the population ‘hope’ in the future and incentives to cooperate.” (107) There is one aspect inseparable from insurgency but noncharacteristic of peacekeeping: it is the use of intelligence. “Because subversion and quebecois, insurgency are carried out ultimately by individuals, the aim of project management, intelligence gathering in quebecois, the counterinsurgency context is to identify those individuals who pose a threat to the security of the country.”[14] In any political or military context intelligence cannot be connected to vandalism, peacekeeping. As long as we come to discussing and resume, analyzing the implications of both theories, we realize that intelligence is also aimed at determining the political aim of counterinsurgency actions. Intelligence is only indirectly connected to peacekeeping, and it is more closely related to management coursework, the counterinsurgency’s aspect of conquering “hearts and minds” of the suppressed nation. Successful intelligence is the direct consequence of positive population attitudes towards counterinsurgents. The successful determining of political aim is also based on resume quebecois the intelligence outcomes, and project management coursework help, ultimately, on population attitudes towards intervention.

The very word “peacekeeping” presupposes “keeping the quebecois peace” which was achieved through the long counterinsurgency operations. It is mothers should stay essay a narrower process aimed at “freezing” the quebecois successful results of civil-military actions included into the set of essay about, counterinsurgency measures.[15] However, both counterinsurgency and quebecois, peacekeeping rest on the three essential pillars. Only in case these pillars are balanced, the population can expect that peacekeeping operations will be successfully performed.[16] The first pillar is the security pillar on which counterinsurgency rests. This pillar presupposes making population secure from the insurgents’ attacks and incorporates the human rights’ framework into physics coursework a2, the civil structure of the population. This is where counterinsurgency is viewed in the context which is far beyond traditional military frames. “This pillar most engages military commanders’ attention, but of course military means are applied across the model, not just in the security domain, while civilian activity is critically important in the security pillar also.”[17] While we may refer to peacekeeping as the resume basis for economic development of the society after conflict, this is another distinctive feature between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency. Counterinsurgency is aimed at promoting continuous economic and political progress, and is a radical actions’ campaign aimed at ceasing military and civil intrastate conflicts.

Counterinsurgency creates the basis for restoring the security structure of the civil society, and essay, incorporates the social and security principles aimed at creating new social infrastructure in the conflict environment. As soon as the conflicts are ceased, peacekeeping measures which follow counterinsurgency campaigns will create the pathway towards economic and political development of the civil society.[18] Politics is the second pillar of counterinsurgency.[19] “It comprises efforts to mobilize stakeholders in support of the government, marginalize insurgents and other groups, extend governance and further the rule of law.”[20] Counterinsurgency prepares the ground for peacekeeping operations, which will allow incorporating the efforts of resume quebecois, diplomats into society reintegration and the establishment of civil governance. Yet, at the counterinsurgency stage political measures take the form of preparing arena for further diplomatic intervention, which is more connected with supporting, than creating peace. The third economic pillar is critically important to make counterinsurgency and later peacekeeping, effective. As soon as military actions are ceased, counterinsurgency campaign is directed towards creation of the key economic infrastructure systems, which will later be maintained by peacekeeping troops.[21] All three pillars act in balance and presuppose putting insurgents under control – through actions and informing population counterinsurgency acts prepare the conflict parties towards the long process of restoring peace.

Objectively, there are the two essential similarities between counterinsurgency and aqa religious papers mark's gospel, peacekeeping, which should be taken into account when we create the system of political distinctions and similarities between the resume quebecois two notions. The first similarity is essay about vandalism revealed through the nature of intrastate peace operations in the contemporary political context.[22] In intrastate civil conflicts we face the devastation and total elimination of quebecois, civil infrastructure, cases of starvation and suffering. This calls for incorporating humanitarian workers within the counterinsurgency groups to mothers, make counterinsurgency actions more effective. The similarity between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency in quebecois, this case is very visible: both doctrines include military and civil actions which are aimed at resolving the military intrastate conflict and essay, cannot be limited by military actions only. In this aspect peacekeeping and counterinsurgency have the quebecois same logical center and arise from the one politically reasoned center. The second similarity between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency stems from the fact that both doctrines equally act in favorable operational environment.[23] This means that the phd thesis computer science universities conflict environment is referred to as operational, characterized by complexity and ambiguity.

This complexity and ambiguity describe both the nature of the operations which frequently do not have clear geographical borders, and the nature of the conflicting parties, when it is difficult and sometimes impossible to determine the exact political aim of resume quebecois, intervention. “The similarity between the operational environment and the nature of the problems characteristic of the two types of operations, has resulted in a convergence between the developing principles guiding peace operations in such an coursework a2 environment and those of quebecois, counterinsurgency.” (Grennan 2000, 86) Nevertheless, the mothers stay reasons for which we confuse counterinsurgency and peacekeeping lay much deeper. There are a number of factors which contributed into traditional misunderstanding between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency, making them almost identical. These are predominantly the factors of military culture and military learning environment, which were later spread into the area of political theory and context. Learning what counterinsurgency is, it is essential to understand that “foremost amongst the major factors is the resume quebecois perception that political and military professionals have about counterinsurgency.”[24] There two radical mistakes in analyzing peacekeeping and counterinsurgency: the first makes them identical, and the second mistake turns counterinsurgency into war fighting. Neither of these approaches is politically correct, and in my discussion I was trying to avoid both, to depict counterinsurgency as different from peacekeeping, yet applying broader concepts to understanding what counterinsurgency and what peacekeeping are. “The first, the supreme, the most-far-reaching act of judgment that the statesman and commander have to management coursework, make is to establish the kind of war on which they are embarking: neither mistaking it for, nor trying to turn it into, something that is alien to resume quebecois, its nature.”[25] This is the basic principle to be followed in distinguishing peacekeeping from counterinsurgency. What we currently view in political environment produces total negligence towards both peacekeeping and counterinsurgency. The two terms are interchanged, replaced, and postgres dba resume, are used as the two determinants of the resume quebecois one process of war fighting.

Moreover, it is not rare when counterinsurgency is used as the more sophisticated definition of peacekeeping operations.[26] It is difficult to deny that contemporary military and political environment makes the delineations between the two doctrines too neat. Postgres. These delineations are erased even more, when several types of operations are involved into one intervention campaign. “Learning about counterinsurgency is also constrained by a reluctance of state authorities to acknowledge insurgencies as insurgencies, since, in doing so they acknowledge the existence of an organized popular movement.”[27] In this aspect we arrive to vivid political contradiction, when one of the notions is intentionally replaced by another to create less organized and more terrorist picture of the resume quebecois intrastate conflict. This is why we have been used to using the two notions as the synonyms. Objective political research reveals both distinctions and similarities between peacekeeping and counterinsurgency. This objectivity also emphasizes the two essential aspects of this research: on the one hand, there are solid reasons to make the two discussed doctrines seem identical – at certain stages of coursework help, military operations (e.g., “heads and minds”) they become too close and resume, risk being confused. Ocr Advancing Physics Coursework A2. On the resume quebecois other hand, there are much more reasons why these two doctrines are confused through unawareness or political intent, which should be eliminated to create the proper system of military and ocr advancing coursework a2, political notions.

Counterinsurgency in military circles is resume quebecois often limited to war fighting due to the inherently developed military ethos, which cannot be broken. This ethos cannot allow broadening the aqa religious papers mark's context of counterinsurgency to the military-civil stage of intervention campaign followed by peacekeeping. We not only confuse the two notions, but we limit the context of counterinsurgency. The nature of counterinsurgency and peacekeeping comprises several essential features, some of which have been discussed already: these are “complexity, ambiguity, and uncertainty, politics, an inherent resistance to short-term solutions, problems that military cannot solve requiring cooperation with other highly diverse agencies.”[28] There is one essential element which is characteristic of counterinsurgency, but which peacekeeping lacks: it is politics. Peacekeeping is initially neutral in its strivings to support peaceful balance between the parties of the civil-military conflict.[29] While the broad role of counterinsurgency is to cease violence and to anchor the roots of quebecois, new social infrastructure in the society through vivid support of only one conflicting party, the goal of peacekeeping is to continue the line of counterinsurgency campaign through overcoming social constraints, but remaining neutral.[30] Counterinsurgency and peacekeeping are simultaneously similar and different, and they are the two indispensable parts of contemporary military operations, in which the two doctrines should be differentiated and viewed in the broader political context. Counterinsurgency and peacekeeping are confused for numerous reasons. These confusions occur either intentionally or due to being unaware of management, fundamental differences between these two doctrines.

It is possible to agree to Kilcullen[31], who asserts that there are no peacekeeping and counterinsurgency doctrines in reality. This may become the core reason of the quebecois discussed theoretical and practical contradictions between the phd thesis computer indian universities two theories. Modern political context has shifted emphasis from peacekeeping towards counterinsurgency, making it narrower in geographical aspect, but much broader in its social and resume quebecois, military impact. Peacekeeping starts where counterinsurgency ends: these are the project management help two essential stages of restoring the piece in conflict environment. In the discussion of peacekeeping and counterinsurgency the two significant mistakes are to be avoided: one should not make counterinsurgency and resume, peacekeeping identical, though they are very similar, and limit the phd thesis universities scope of counterinsurgency in supporting intrastate political balance to resume, war fighting. Management Coursework Help. The researcher, who tends to be politically objective, will have to resume quebecois, recognize the essential similarities between the phd thesis science two doctrines, but these similarities do not change the reality: peacekeeping and counterinsurgency are different and the changing political conditions tend to create even more drastic discrepancies between them. Aylwin-Foster, B.N. “Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations.” Military. Review (December 2005): 100-108. Byman, D. Trends in Outside Support of Insurgent Movements. Santa Monica: RAND, 2001. Cockell, J. “Civil-Military Responses to Security Challenges in Peace Operations: Ten.

Lessons from Kosovo.” Global Governance 8 (2002): 483-502. Collins, J. Military Strategy: Principles, Practices and Historical Perspectives. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 2002. Corum, J. Training Counter-Insurgency. Carlisle, 2006. Flint, E. “Civil Affairs: Soldiers Building Bridges.” In Aspects of Peacekeeping, eds. D.S. Gordon and F.H. Resume Quebecois. Toase, 231-252. London: Frank Cass, 2001.

Galula, D. Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994. Grennan, S. Vandalism. Gangs: An International Approach. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000. Hippler, J. “Counterinsurgency and Political Control. US Military Strategies Regarding. Regional Conflict.” INEF Report, Institute for Development and Peace , 2006 . James, A. “Counter-Insurgency and Ethnic Conflict: Theory and quebecois, Evidence.” In Peace in coursework, the.

Midst of Wars, eds. D. Carment and P. James, 163-193. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999. Jeong, H-Won. Approaches to Peacebuilding. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2002. Jones, S., and J. Riley. Quebecois. Establishing Law and Order after Conflict. Santa Monica: RAND,

Kilcullen, D.J. Three Pillars of Counterinsurgency . U.S. Government Counterinsurgency. Conference , 28 September 2006. Kitson, F. Low Intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency, Peace-Keeping.

London: Faber. Metz, S. and R. Millen. Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the 21 st Century: Reconceptualizing Threat and Response. Strategic Studies Institute, 2004. Lovelock, R. “The Evolution of Peace Operations Doctrine.” Joint Force Quarterly (spring. Moskaitis, T.R. Counter-Insurgency in Post-Imperial Era. New York: Manchester, UP, 1999. Sens, A.G. Somalia and the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping.

New York: Praeger, 1999. Tomes, R.R. “Relearning Counterinsurgency Warfare”. Parameters (spring 2004): 16-28. Woodhouse, T. “The Gentle Hand of essay vandalism, Peace? Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution in. Complex Political Emergencies.” International Peacekeeping 6, no.

2 (1999): 24-37. [1] J. Collins, Military Strategy: Principles, Practices and Historical Perspectives, (Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s, 2002), p. 26. [2] S. Jones and J. Riley, Establishing Law and Order after Conflict. Resume Quebecois. (Santa Monica: RAND, 2005), p. 10. [3] R. Lovelock, “The Evolution of Peace Operations Doctrine”, Joint Force Quarterly (spring 2002): 68. [4] T. About. Woodhouse, “The Gentle Hand of Peace? Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution in Complex Political Emergencies”, International Peacekeeping 6, no. 2 (1999): 25. [5] D. Galula, Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice, (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994), p. 100. [6] D. Byman, Trends in Outside Support of quebecois, Insurgent Movements, (Santa Monica: RAND, 2001), p. Postgres. 11.

[7] “Hearts – the quebecois population must be convinced that counterinsurgents’ success if in phd thesis computer science indian, their long-term interests; minds – the population must be convinced that counterinsurgents’ forces are actually going to win.” – ibid., p. Resume. 15. [8] J. Cockell, “Civil-Military Responses to Security Challenges in Peace Operations: Ten Lessons from Kosovo”, Global Governance 8 (2002): 489. [9] A.G. Sens, Somalia and the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping , (New York: Praeger, 1999), p. 48. [10] A.G. Sens, Somalia and physics a2, the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping , (New York: Praeger, 1999), p. 72. [11] F. Kitson, Low Intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency, Peace-Keeping. (London: Faber and Faber, 1971), p. 40. [12] S. Metz and R. Millen, Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the 21 st Century: Reconceptualizing Threat and Response, (Strategic Studies Institute, 2004), p. 37. [13] H.W. Jeong, Approaches to Peacebuilding, (London: Palgrave MacMillan), 2002.

[14] J. Corum, Training Counter-Insurgency, (Carlisle, 2006), p. 44. [15] A. James, “Counter-Insurgency and Ethnic Conflict: Theory and Evidence”, In Peace in the. Midst of Wars, eds. D. Carment and quebecois, P. Gospel. James (Columbia: University of resume, South Carolina Press, 1999), p. 169. [16] D.J. Kilcullen, Three Pillars of Counterinsurgency, U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Conference, 28 September 2006, p. 3. [18] J. Hippler, “Counterinsurgency and Political Control. US Military Strategies Regarding Regional Conflict.” INEF Report, Institute for Development and Peace , 2006 , p. 12.

[19] D.J. Kilcullen, Three Pillars of Counterinsurgency, U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Conference, 28 September 2006, p. 4. [22] B.N. Aylwin-Foster, “Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations”, Military Review (December 2005): 104. [23] S. Grennan, Gangs: An International Approach, (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000), p. 79. [24] J. Hippler, “Counterinsurgency and Political Control. US Military Strategies Regarding Regional Conflict”, INEF Report, Institute for Development and mothers should stay at home essay, Peace , 2006 , p. 18. [25] E. Flint, “Civil Affairs: Soldiers Building Bridges”, In Aspects of Peacekeeping, eds. D.S.

Gordon and F.H. Toase, (London: Frank Cass, 2001): 239. [27] R.R. Tomes, “Relearning Counterinsurgency Warfare”, Parameters (spring 2004): 21. [28] S. Metz and R. Millen, Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the 21 st Century: Reconceptualizing Threat and resume, Response., Strategic Studies Institute, 2004, p. 9. [29] D. Galula, Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and vandalism, Practice .,(Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994), p. 54. [30] E. Flint, “Civil Affairs: Soldiers Building Bridges.” In Aspects of Peacekeeping, eds. D.S. Gordon and F.H. Toase, (London: Frank Cass, 2001), p. Quebecois. 248. [31] D.J.

Kilcullen, Three Pillars of Counterinsurgency, U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Conference, 28 September 2006, p. 2. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Peacekeeping And Counternsurgency. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and ocr advancing a2, quality guaranteed!

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7 unusual ways people earn a living. Are you in the career you imagined as a child? Maybe you thought you'd be an astronaut, or a ballerina. If you're like most adults, you're probably doing something far different, but your job likely isn't as bizarre as these unique positions. Here's a look at some of the craziest careers through which people make their money. Running around in resume quebecois silly clothes teasing an 1,800-pound animal is one of the cool jobs in the rodeo circuit. But the postgres dba resume job's not all fun and games. A rodeo clown must distract a bull to prevent injury to resume quebecois the rider, sometimes putting himself at risk. A rodeo clown can perform wherever there are bull-riding events, including Australia and the United States.

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Good communication, record-keeping and animal handling skill are required. You can travel the world as an AI tech helping bring the technology to resume countries around the globe. Dangers of the job: Liquid nitrogen can freeze human flesh almost immediately, causing severe frostbite. Stressed animals can injure an inseminator if not completely restrained. Strong contractions inside the animal can lead to inseminator arm fatigue. Should? How to land the job: Although you can learn to inseminate an animal in about three days, employers might require additional qualifications such as a degree in livestock, animal husbandry or other related field. Related jobs include general animal technician, where you'll feed and water animals and maintain their facilities.

Income: $25,000 to $50,000 per year. If you love making people look beautiful but just can't keep up the chairside chatter, becoming a mortuary cosmetologist might be the answer. Resume Quebecois? As a funeral home beautician, you'll use special techniques such as airbrushing and contouring to make the deceased look like their loved ones remember them. Ocr Advancing Physics Coursework A2? Dangers of the resume quebecois job: Like any funeral industry job, there's a risk of illness from exposure to computer science universities viruses or bacteria. How to land the job: A cosmetology license is key to getting into the industry. Resume? Some cosmetology schools offer desairology courses for licensed cosmetologists to guide them in using makeup designed for the deceased. Employers may require previous work experience in cosmetology besides the educational requirements. Income: $40,000 to $70,000 per year.

Death can be a traumatic experience not only for those experiencing it, but for those left behind. About? A death doula helps the dying and their family through the resume transition from life to aqa religious studies mark's what's next. But this job encompasses far more than just helping people come to terms with death. Doulas help create a comforting personal space that enfolds the dying's spiritual and social beliefs during the last few months of life. They might help with legacy planning, forgiveness rituals, tying up loose ends, at-home funerals and aftercare for grieving loved ones. The industry is growing from Canada to India. Dangers of the Job: You'll get constantly exposed to fear, anxiety and depression that's common among those dying or about to lose their loved one. Old squabbles and hard feelings can disrupt the resume quebecois peaceful environment you're there to coursework create. While you won't be administering any medical treatment to the dying individual, you'll need to resume take appropriate precautions to prevent catching any communicable diseases.

How to land the job: Many death doulas have experience in the healthcare field, but it is not necessary. Certification courses can help you get the dba resume practical skills and business savvy to enter the field. Although a few hospitals and hospices offer doula care, as an end-of-life doula you'll be in quebecois charge of creating your own client base. 7) PROFESSIONAL BRIDESMAID. Income : $150 to $2,000 per wedding, depending on services provided. Always being a bridesmaid can be a good thing if you're getting paid for it. The honor bestowed on physics coursework, family or friends to be bridesmaids comes with a lot of resume quebecois responsibility, and some people need help to postgres get everything done. The professional bridesmaid shoulders those tasks, letting the family and friends enjoy the wedding festivities. From managing the pre-wedding to-do lists, balancing the budget and coaching bridesmaids and quebecois, maids of honor, the pro bridesmaid might tackle any and every part of the wedding process. Dangers of the job: Bridezilla, MOB-zilla and MOH-zilla, to name a few. Essay About Vandalism? Being anything less than intricately organized can cause normally happy clients to turn into the aforementioned monsters if everything doesn't go off without a hitch.

How to resume quebecois land the job: Being a professional bridesmaid is another one of those cool jobs you can't major in when you go to college. Great social skills and a business background helps, but an intricate knowledge of the wedding industry is most important. You can learn from industry professionals through online training courses. Originally published on 20 of the coolest places to retire in the world. Find out what activities and attractions make these 20 cities and town some of the best places to retire around the world. 10 products you should never buy generic.

Generics are a great way to save money in lots of dba resume cases, but here is a look at some clear exceptions. How Stephen Paddock made his guns even deadlier. Quebecois? Senators express shock at Equifax's IRS contract. How U.S. seafood fans may unwittingly help fund North Korea. Hurricanes hurt small business jobs. New Sonos speaker will be fluent in Amazon, Google, Apple. Former Equifax CEO testifies before House Energy Committee - as it happened. The 9 most lucrative college majors.

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Essay on Microbiology: Top 6 Essays. Read this essay to learn about Microbiology. Resume. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Introduction to Microbiology 2. Management. Eras of Microbiology 3. Quebecois. Some 20th Century Highlights in Microbiology 4. Branches of Microbiology 5. Scope and phd thesis computer universities Future of Microbiology and 6. Modern Microbiology. Essay on Introduction to Microbiology Essay on the Eras of Microbiology Essay on Some 20th Century Highlights in quebecois, Microbiology Essay on Branches of Microbiology Essay on the Scope and Future of Microbiology Essay on the Modern Microbiology. Microbiology is dba resume a branch of biology that deals with microorganisms (often upto a diameter of 1000 µ ) and their effects on other living organisms.

It derives its name from the union of three greek words: mikros (= small), bios (= life bearing); and logos (= study). It ia a multi-disciplinary science of microorganisms and the prefix ‘micro’ generally refers to an object small enough so that microscopic examination is required for quebecois detailed visualization. Thus it is the scientific study of microorganisms, including a diverse group of simple life forms like protozoa, algae, molds, bacteria and viruses. Microbiology is computer science universities concerned with the quebecois, structure, function, classification and ways of controlling and using their activities. The earlier works done by Antony Van Leauwenhoek (1632 – 1723), and project help later in 19th century by Louis Pasteur (1822- 1893) and Robert Koch (1843-1910) etc. laid the foundations of this subject. 1. Era of Speculation (5000 BC to 1675): Prior to resume quebecois, Hippocrates (412 B.C.) some Biblical and other historical records often talked of the science indian universities, death tolls that some disease had taken. And Hippocrates seems to have been the first observer to document an Influenza epidemic in quebecois, the year 412 B.C. At Home. Epidemics of plague have been recorded in China since 224 B.C. Major Plague epidemics occurred in 540 AD in Egypt, reached Constantinopole in 542, and spread to quebecois, Europe and Asia in the following decade; and was called the Plague of vandalism Lustinion named after the emperor of Brezantine Empire from 527 to 565 A.D. One of the most notorious of the plague epidemics consumed 14 th century Europe.

It began in the Volga River Basin in 1345, travelled north through Europe and reached England in 1348, and finally Russia in 1351. It was called as The Great Dying, Magna Mortalis or The Black Death, claimed around one-third to one half the resume quebecois, population of Europe and essay an estimated 40 million deaths worldwide. It was probably the concept of quarantine (from the Italian quarentina, meaning forty, supposed to be based on the number of days Christ spent in the wilderness) was instituted then. Resume. Though the about vandalism, infected individuals were kept isolated from resume quebecois others, the reservoir of the disease causing microbes (Rats) and the rat fleas (the vector) were allowed to essay, roam freely. The proposed remedies were also interesting and included burning incense sticks, dipping handkerchiefs in aromatic oils, ringing church bells, firing canons, wearing magical figures and bathing in resume, human urine etc. The other major pandemic of plague was recorded during 1655-1896, mostly in China and India, where more than 12 million died. It was in 1894 that Yersin and Kitasato described the physics coursework, causative agent, now known as Yersinia pestis. And, it wasn’t until 1897 that the mode of transmission was conclusively identified. During early 1940s Syphilis spread throughout Europe. It was on this ailment Paul Ehrlich, in the first decade of the 20 th century focused his search for the “magic bullet”.

There have been seven major pandemic occurring’s from 1817 through 1970. Smallpox alone is quebecois estimated to have killed more than 100 million people worldwide. In the postgres, late 18th century the work of Edward Jenner, who developed a vaccine from the similar virus of resume cowpox, paved the way for the control of this deadly disease. Infact, the term Vaccine was born from the Latin word for cow, vacca, based on mothers should essay, Jenner’s work. In 1918-1919, the “Spanish” influanza pandemic, killed some 40-50 million people, about 2-3% of world’s population. It attacked the very young and very old, taking advantage of their frail immune systems.

It also spread across five continents. Though considerable work was being done in the field of bacteriology, the advances in the field of virology had to wait for the development of the electron microscope by Belgian Physicist Marton (1934). In the late 17th century a slow yet methodical pursuit began as a new chapter in humanity’s understanding of the hitherto unseen and resume quebecois unknown world. At Home Essay. As per WHO report, in 2003 alone, more than 11 million people died of infectious diseases including AIDS, tuberculosis and Malaria and of them half of them in Africa. 2. Resume. Era of Observation (1675 to Mid 19 th Century): The unknown, transmissible substance, Virus (Latin for poison) had always puzzled humanity. Earlier workers studying such small creatures were said to be as Microbe Hunters by Paul De Kruif (1954). Scientific and methodological understanding of bacteria had already started in this era and the advanced versions of Light and advent of electron microscope started new horizons for the classical microbiology. It is at times seen from 1675 to mid19 th century. 3. Era of Cultivation (Mid 19 th Century to Early 20 th Century):

Although a period of over 150 years of observations and discoveries by many early microbiologists had contributed a lot to the understanding of this discipline, still the cause of infectious diseases was completely unknown till mid 19 th century. Postgres. In 1857, Pasteur, the chemist with a microscope turned beet sugar into quebecois alcohol. Thus eventually he succeeded in preparing a “culture medium”, (Pasteur called it yeast soup). Infact the lack of suitable means to obtain pure cultures was a major impediment to the development of the “Germ Theory of Disease”. Phd Thesis Science Universities. Pasteur thus entered into resume the field of fermentation and was perhaps the first to associate the growth of specific microbes with the production of specific fermentation products. It was in the year 1865 that the “Germ Theory of Disease” was inaugurated. After fermentation Pasteur was called to look the cause of silkworm disease in South France, and after observing the diseased eggs and other details he wrote: “If I can be permitted this antithesis, the role of essay about infinitely small being appeared to me infinitely large, either as a cause of quebecois various diseases, especially contagious diseases, or as contributors to the decomposition and to dba resume, the return to the atmosphere of everything which has lived” . (Lechevalier and Solotorovsky, 1965). Although the prevailing spontaneous generation influenced Pasteur’s work, but he believed that microbes did not arise spontaneously, as the air exposure had failed many of the earlier efforts to demonstrate such things. Resume. Later Tyndall, the physicist, and Pasteur postulated that specks of dust carried microbes.

This was an experiment which did it all, and is now known as famous swan-neck flask experiment. In 1877, Fedinand Cohn described the spores of Bacillus subtilis and their heat-resisting properties. Thus the joint efforts of Pasteur, Tyndall and dba resume Cohn finally eroded the concept of spontaneous generation. Robert Koch is believed to have used a solid surface (a potato slice) to grow microorganism. Loeffler and Graffky working in quebecois, Koch’s lab, devised the streak method whereby they would use a fine wire or needle to streak potato with an organism. Koch, being an essay, amateur photographer, also produced photomicrographs while working on ‘Anthrax’ and used gelatin for this purpose.

But gelatin proved to be a wrong choice as it melted at temperatures above 15°C and thus could not be incubated at the optimal temperatures for the growth of many organisms, they were trying to study. It was in 1882, when Frau Angelina Hesse, the wife of a graduate student in Koch’s lab, suggested agar-agar, came as a final solution. At 1-1.5%, its properties were well-studied and suited for use in microbiology having a melting point of resume quebecois 100°C and a setting point of less than 45°C. This enabled the incubation of cultures to anything below 100°C. This technique revolutionized cultural bacteriology and enabled the great advancement of the dba resume, subject during the last two decades of the 19 th century. Later the germ theory of disease was advanced by resume quebecois, Koch and also demonstrated the association between specific microbes and specific diseases, and essay vandalism showed that there was an external source of the germs and to get the resume, disease, the germs must gain entrance into the victim. Koch was also invited to address the endemic Cholera problem. He had concluded that the same slightly curved rod in coursework help, every victim (and not present in Healthier individuals) present in polluted water around huts was the cause of the disease. In 1887, Julius Petri, not only used lids, but glass was also substituted with clear plastic. Also the grid was added to counting chambers.

Chantemesse and Widal, 1887, prepared the first differential medium using glucose and quebecois lactose peptone water to differentiate E.coli from Salmonella typhii. Postgres. After that a Japanese bacteriologist Kitasato developed a test for indole production to further aid in the differentiation of these species. In 1892, Wurtz of resume quebecois Paris introduced the use of indicators in the medium to detect acid production. Pasteur later developed the preparations from the causative agents of chicken cholera showing the alteration of the should stay at home essay, virulence and the development of resume a vaccine produced by laboratory manipulation. This is ocr advancing physics a2 how Pasteur, ‘Father of Microbiology’ had opened the field of preventive medicine. Pasteur and his colleagues, Emile Roux, and Chamber-land, had further successes using attenuated anthrax bacilli. Essay # 3. Resume Quebecois. Some 20th Century Highlights in Microbiology : The 1900’s witnessed tremendous advances on ocr advancing a2, several fronts: microbial metabolism, microbial genetics and molecular biology, antimicrobial therapies, and development of quebecois selective and differential culture media and virology, just to name a few. Also the art of microbial toxonomy moved from postgres a purely morphological basis to one based on quebecois, metabolic characteistics.

The reclassification of species (with molecular methods in coursework help, use) allowed grouping of organisms according to their genetic make up. The genetic materials’s role became useful in studies aimed at understanding bacterial variation and quebecois antibiotic resistance. The processes of bacterial transformation and mutation were the basis for determining that all genetic information of dba resume cells is coded for by DNA. The year 1928 saw the discovery of Penicillin by Alexander Flemming. Howard Florey associated (driven by the intense need of Second World War), purified it in 1940 and it became commercially available.

It also promoted the work and search for other such antimicrobial weapons produced by soil microorganisms. Later, Streptomycin was discovered and resume other broad-spectrum antibiotics followed by the development of semisynthetic antibiotics. The 1920-40s witnessed the development of .many of the selective media used today, as well as techniques for the isolation of anaerobic organisms. In 1953 Watson and Crick, published the double helix model for DNA. In 1983, DNA became a useful tool when Karry Mullis invented the technique of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) London County Council Laboratory Services in 1950, led to the commercial development of dehydrated media. The virology progressed due to several reasons made possible by: (a) The use of fertile eggs as a method for the cultivation of a virus. (b) The UV-microscopy (developed by Barnard) gave the first view of the elementary bodies of a number of viruses. (c) The development of tissue culture techniques in the 1920’s and 30’s and. (d) The development of the electron microscope by Marton in aqa religious past mark's gospel, 1934.

In 1954, the development of the monolayer technique and that of using cytopathic effect for viral detection led to the availability of live virus vaccines. Since then the development of resume quebecois antiviral chemotherapies has been a thrust area of aqa religious studies mark's gospel researches in microbiology. In 1995 the entire genome sequencing was completed for resume Haemophilus influezae. Essay # 4. Branches of Microbiology: Microbiology is a mutidisciplinary subject as the microbes are not only playing useful role in mothers stay at home essay, nature through their links in bio-geochemical cycles, symbiotic relationship, in maintaining soil fertility, in bio-remediation, also as plant pathogens, microbes in biotechnology and as amodel organisms for biochemical molecular and genetic processes but are also providing homogenous experimental material relatively quickly. As a result of their link to several branches of science many branches of microbiology can be identified (and are still growing……).

Some of the established branches are as follows: It encompasses the uses of a variety of microbes in industrial processes. Initially they were being used for industrial fermentation and resume waste water treatment. As today industry is linked to biotechnology, several new industrial applications have been found for a variety of microbes. It is sometimes also studied as microbial biotechnology and is the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa and viruses) or plant and animal cells to create useful products or services.

Areas of industrial microbiology include quality assurance for the food, pharmaceutical, and physics chemical industries. This branch of resume microbiology deals with the scientific study of pathogenic microbes, the diseases they cause, their mode of essay about survival in environment and quebecois their hosts (including life-cycle); their diagnosis, prevention and about treatment. In fact, as early as Varo and quebecois Columella in the first century BC had postulated that the diseases were caused by invisible beings (animalia minuta). Essay About. Von Plenciz (1762) had put forth the idea that each disease was caused by a separate agent. It covers a variety of topics where microbes are responsible for causing diseases of skin and resume eye infections, pneumonia (by bacteria), several sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s), minor arthropod diseases, gastrointestinal infections including infections from drinking cow milk harbouing certain pathogenic bacteria and their remedies etc. This branch deals with microbes having an impact on agriculture and food chains. Both, the harmful (microbes causing plant diseases) as well as useful microbes (e.g., N 2 fixing microbes, use of microbes in bio-fertilizers etc.) are studied under this branch. Certain raminants also carry a mixture of complex bacteria that enable the animal to phd thesis indian, extract sufficient nutrient from a diet of grasses. Future research in microbial ecology will help to determine in preserving a balance in mirobial communities that favour agriculture. In the resume quebecois, late 1800’s, and early 19th century Sergei Winogradsky, a Russian Mineralogist, pioneered the field of microbial autotrophs, and coursework initiated the field of Environmental Microbiology. This branch includes the study of resume quebecois composition and physiology of microbial communities of the environment.

It also deals with the activities of microbial entities, their interactions among themselves and essay vandalism with maroorganisms. Resume Quebecois. Adhesion, biofilm formation, global element cycles, biogeochemical processes and microbial life in extremes of environment or unexplored environs all fall in its preview. As the microorganisms are ubiquitous (present almost everywhere) food and milk are no exceptions. Hence the microbes are studied from the viewpoint that they (e.g., Bacteria, Yeasts, molds etc.) can either act as spoilage microorganisms or pathogenic microorganisms. And thus how they can cause spoilage, prevent spoilage through fermentation or can be the computer science indian, cause of human illness, all comes under the realm of this branch of microbiology. It is a thrust area of microbiology these days, as more and more food items are being packaged (including milk and its products) for later use. The UN convention on Biological Diversity defined Biotechnology as: any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Bio-engineering, including recombinant genetic technology of the 21 st century is the science upon resume quebecois which all biotechnological applications are based. It combines disciplines like genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, food sciences, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, microbiology, cell biology and all are interrelated to electronics, information technology and a2 robotics. The current science of resume quebecois bacteriology includes the aqa religious past mark's gospel, study of resume both domains of prokaryotic cells (the Bacteria, and Eucarya). But recently due to should stay at home, out-break of molecular techniques applied to phylogeny of life, another group of prokaryotes was defined and informally named ,” archaebacteria (it has now been renamed as Archaea) and included in the study of bacteriology”.

It is the study of viruses, complexes of resume quebecois nucleic acids and proteins that have the capacity for postgres replication in animal, plant or bacterial cells. To replicate, the resume quebecois, viruses use their genomes (DNA or RNA) or of the host cells and cause changes in cells, particularly its antigenicity and may cause several diseases in plants and animals is all covered under this branch. This branch deals with the biota that inhabits the soil and the processes they mediate. As the soil is a complex environment, colonized by an immense variety of microorganisms, the soil microbiology focuses on soil viruses, bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi and protozoa, but traditionally it has also included investigations of soil animals such as nematodes, mites and other arthropods. Modem soil microbiology represents an integration of microbiology with the concepts of management soil science, chemistry and ecology to quebecois, understand the functions of microorganism in the soil environment.

This branch deals with the study of microbial flora of various types of sewage. The sewage may, depending upon mothers should stay at home source, can contain harmless (E. coli and other coli forms) to potential pathogens including enterococci, Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella typhi, etc. This branch studies their qualitative as well as quantitative details and ways to combat them following various treatment processes. It deals with the resume, study of about vandalism various fungi. Fungi are eukaryotic organisms and around 300 species are shown to be pathogenic for quebecois man. It studies their morphology, taxonomy, biosystematics, distribution, propagation, and several mycotic diseases they cause including hypersensitivity, mycotoxicoses, mycetismus and other infections and their remedies. It is a sub-discipline of ocr advancing physics a2 botany, and deals with the scientific study of algae. As many species are single celled and microscopic (e.g. Phytoplankton and resume quebecois micro algae); yet others are multicellular (some growing) very large as seaweeds such as Kelp and Sargassum they are also studied in microbiology.

It also covers aspects like cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and stay at home other microscopic forms occurring as symbionts in lichens. Earlier much in use, this branch is the study of protozoa (motile and heterotrophic) protists. Protozoa-despite their small size and unicellularness offer complex and unique biological features. They also serve as experimental models in a variety of quebecois cellular, molecular, biochemical and ecological researches. One of the applied sub-branches of this old branch is medical protozoology (covering protozoa infecting humans).

It covers life-cycles, morphological features, host-parasite interactions, geographical distributions, reservoir hosts, method of transmission and control, pathology, immunological aspects, diagnosis and remedies are all included in it. It covers the study of microorganisms and their activities in natural water. As the natural waters include lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries and project management coursework oceans, it initially started covering all of them. But due to the growth of the subject several other branches have also been recognized and are as follows: (a) Marine microbiology. (b) Estuarine microbiology. (c) Groundwater microbiology, and. (d) Deep-sub-surface microbiology. The aquatic microbiology deals with the variability of aquatic habitat and rapid changes in characteristics and associated microbial component.

The microbial activity and biomass measurement studies are performed to follow microbial functions in water ecosystems. Also the balance between N, P, O and H is quebecois studied in lakes, eutrophic systems, and streams etc. As marine environment is the largest part of the biosphere, being about 97-98% of all the water on earth, efforts are being made to aqa religious studies papers mark's gospel, study seas, especially deep seas (and their microbial functioning), as 75% of the ocean is below 1000 m depth (and is constantly cold at about 3°C on quebecois, an average). The oceanic explorations like Challenger expedition and Galathea expedition were among the initial efforts to critically explore microbial aspects of the deep seas and phd thesis science the nature of psychrophilic bacteria. Quebecois. Barotolerant bacteria are among the unique fauna of deep oceans. As the most of the earlier work on ocr advancing physics, seas and quebecois oceans remains confined to the near-shore and estuarine marine environments, the interest is physics growing in the off-shore and pelagic ocean microbiology. It deals with the rapid variations in the physicochemical properties in estuaries leading to the establishment of unique microbial communities. This branch also undertakes the study of epiphytic microbial communities of estuarine plants, its biomass, temperature, salinity etc.

And as great fluctuations are observed in resume quebecois, estuarine environments, so are the varieties of microbial groups including sulphur bacteria, iron bacteria and heterotrophs etc. Earlier the groundwater was assumed to mothers should stay essay, be sterile, as very early studies indicated a decrease in microbes with increasing depths. But the microbiology of groundwater has become an important branch due to increased pressure on groundwater, ever increasing contamination and presence of microbes in deep waters. This is a recent branch of microbiology and addresses deep aquifers (hundreds of resume meters below surface). It attempts to study the role of microorganisms in influencing the postgres, petroleum, sulphur and other drilling companies and vice-versa. It is the study of resume quebecois those invisible microorganisms (less than 1 mm in size) which are present in air. It also covers monitoring, distribution and diversity of science indian universities airborne microorganisms in indoor and outdoor environments and especially the ones causing breathing trouble and diseases. It covers the role of a variety of microbes in hydrocarbon processing in formation of coal, gases and minerals.

It also tells us to employ microbes for recovery of minerals from low grade ores. The microbial degradation of quebecois chemicals in the environment is an postgres, important route for removal of these compounds. This branch deals with the details of the degradation of hydrocarbons, lignins, cellulose, hemicellulose, polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH’s) and quebecois pesticides including organophosphates, chlorinated hydrocarbons, dithioates and carbonates. It deals with the microbes in the outer space (or the extraterrestrial space) but all these microbes were originated on earth. In other words, the ocr advancing physics coursework, space microbiology is resume called exomicrobiology. It .is the study of postgres dba resume our protection from foreign macromolecules or invading microorganisms and our responses to them.

These invaders include viruses, bacteria, protozoa or even larger parasites. How our first line of defense (e.g., skin) and second line of defense: specific or adaptive immune system works are all studied here. Parasitology is the study of resume parasites, their hosts and the relationship between them. This being a multi-disciplinary branch uses inputs of various techniques from physics coursework a2 fields such as cell biology, bioinformatics, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunology, genetics, evolution and ecology. It is the study of the factors affecting health and illness of populations and resume use of preventive medicines in order to cure such diseases. It is project coursework help derived from the term epi = upon, among; demos = people, district, and logos = study meaning “what is upon the people”. This indicates that it applies to human only.

Hippocrates, the famous Greek Physician is sometimes said to have coined the term epidemic (for diseases that are seen at some times but not others); and endemic (for diseases usually found in some places but not in others.) Microbiology and Veterinary science are complimentary fields in the medical maintenance and treatment of resume birds. Sometimes this branch has also been called as aviculture microbiology or avian medical microbiology. As the birds can cross continents, or get supplied as food across continents their disease causing microbes and associated biota have also become significant. Veterinary microbiology is concerned with microbial (bacteria, fungal and viral,) diseases of dba resume domesticated animals (e.g., livestock, companion animals, fur producing animals, game animals, poultry and fish) that supply food or other useful products or companionship. It also covers microbial diseases of wild animals living in captivity and zoonoses related diseases. Sometimes seen as a part of industrial microbiology, this branch is quebecois responsible for screening several drugs (parental and oral drugs) following strict measures for measuring microbiological testing in order to project coursework help, validate certain compounds to standard protocols. It is a modern branch of microbiology where all the microbes associated with major dental diseases (e.g., caries and periodontal diseases) are studied. It also covers all the resident oral bacteria and host details. This branch deals with all phases of the systematics of prokaryotes, yeasts and yeast like organisms, including taxonomy, nomenclature, identification, phylogeny, evolution, biodiversity, characterization and culture preservation etc. It also covers all aspects related to the evolution of all micro-organisms, including the protists (as protozoa and resume algae).

It is an interesting branch of microbiology concerned with the structure, function and relationships of microorganisms, with particular emphasis on how microbes respond in response to changes in environment. Microbial genetics is a subject area within biotechnology and mothers should stay at home genetic engineering. It studies the genetics of very small (micro) organisms. It also encompasses the study of the genotype of microbial species and quebecois also the management coursework, expression system in the form of phenotypes. 33. Quebecois. Probiotic and Prebiotic Microbiology:

Probiotics and prebiotics have long been appreciated for their positive influences on gut health. Aqa Religious Studies Past Papers Mark's. The prebiotics include the non-digestible food ingredients that selectively stimulate the growth and/or activity of beneficial microorganisms in people’s colon. And the probiotics are live microorganisms (in most cases bacteria) that are similar to the microorganisms found in the human gut. They are also termed as “friendly or good bacteria”. The probiotics are available to consumers mainly in the form of dietary supplements and food. Due to growing consciousness about health, they are nowadays also being used as complementary and alternate medicine (CAM). One widely used definition of probiotics, is the one given by World Health Organization (WHO) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations; is that, ” Probiotics are live microorganisms, which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host.” Essay # 5. Resume. Scope and Future of Microbiology: The microbes not only need to be understood as causative agents of diseases but are also useful to us as contributors in dba resume, food production, antibiotic manufacture, vaccine development and resume quebecois environmental management.

Recently the subject had also allowed us to explore and control the following diseases; Foot and mouth disease, Asian Bird Flu, SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), West Nile Virus, and Monkey-pox. We are now also exploring more Prions related diseases causing a type of amyloid diseases (characterized by normal brain protein being altered and changing into fibres); at universities times called as: Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TCS). Some famous examples include: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans (CJD), Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) also known as mad-cow disease, chronic wasting disease (CWD) in quebecois, deer and elk Kuri in human Feline spongiform Encephalopathy (FSE), and Transmissible mink Encephalopathy (TME). Phd Thesis Computer Indian Universities. The interest is growing in resume, various zoonotic diseases (of animals that can pass to humans) due to their close proximity of phd thesis universities rearing or habitation. Due to undergoing environmental changes, global warming and related climate changes, various mathematical models are trying to understand the impact of these factors on disease causing microbes of their respective hosts. Immunoparasitology has helped us in the past to understand various pathogens. But due to a use of wide variety of invasions and immune evasion mechanisms used by various parasites, the nature keeps posing greater challenges for epidemiologists. As a result several genome mapping programmes are underway for disease causing protozoa and helminths (e.g., L. major, P. falciparum, and T. gondii etc.).

The microbial biota on earth is thought to exceed in weight even if all other living things are combined. This is the same as eloquently argued by palaeontologist Stephen Jay Gould (1996), that the 21st century will be the era of the microbes. As the bacteria alone account for 50% of the biomass of carbon and over resume quebecois 90% of the biomass of Nitrogen and phosphorus combined on our planet, such claims seem to be true. The future microbiology is already an integrative microbiology incorporating inputs from microbial physiology, microbial genetics, microbial ecology and microbial pathogenesis using tools and dialects of various sub disciplines. The use of microbes in nanotechnology has brought microbiology to engineering and physics. And recent discoveries indicate that microbes also play roles in determining animal behaviour, bringing microbiology to should stay at home essay, the realm of psychology. Hence the 21st century microbiology is already an integrative science with lots of resume quebecois challenges and stay at home essay benefits to reap. Modern microbiology reaches into many fields of humans including the quebecois, development of pharmaceutical products, the use of mothers should at home quality-control and dairy product production, the control of quebecois disease-causing microorganisms in water, and the industrial applications of microorganisms. Microorganisms are used to produce vitamins, amino acids, enzymes, and growth supplements.

They manufacture many foods including fermented dairy products (sour cream, yogurt, and buttermilk), as well as other fermented foods such as pickles, sauerkraut, breads, and alcoholic beverages. One of the major areas of applied microbiology is biotechnology. In this discipline microorganisms are used as living factories to produce pharmaceuticals that otherwise could not be manufactured. These substances include the human hormone insulin, the antiviral substance interferon, numerous blood-clotting factors and essay clot dissolving enzymes, and a number of bacteria can be engineered to increase plant resistance to insects and frost and biotechnology will represent a major application of microorganisms in the next century. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology.

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