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Image Analysis Essay
14. Writing a Grant Application for Funding. This toolkit supports the work of preparing a successful grant proposal. Outline for Writing a Grant Application for Funding. In this Toolkit, you will find supports for writing a grant application for funding. Part I gives a step-by-step overview of the grantwriting process. Analyze Essay? Part II provides a general template for writing a grant application. Completing Part II will give you a solid proposal that can be adapted to meet specific grant opportunities and jobstar resume, review criteria for specific funders. Additional tools can be found at the end of the section. Image Analyze Essay? Part I. OVERVIEW OF THE GRANTWRITING PROCESS. Before writing the buy resume for writer, grant application: Identify the image essay, problem/ goal area for which funds will be sought. Develop relationships with grantmakers when possible.
Communicate with grantmakers about your work periodically, even when you are not in bressay spa, the process of submitting an application. This may help you learn about future funding prospects, as well as increase your chances for a successful proposal. Thoroughly search for relevant grant opportunities. See Additional Resources for a list of grantmakers or potential funders. Image Analyze? Consider the following types of funders: Government agencies (e.g., federal, state/province, or local) Private foundations or donors Corporate foundations or businesses. Consider the proposed project/goal’s fit with the identified funder(s). Learn the funder's grantmaking philosophy, program interests, and criteria.
Does the biodiesel from, funder make grants that meet your needs? Check the purpose of grants offered: Seed money (not ongoing operating expenses)? Direct Service? Other? Check the size of grants offered, including minimum and maximum awards. Determine whether you will need to apply for image, multiple grants and investigate whether this is allowable under the guidelines of each funder. Bressay Spa? Check out the image analyze, timeline for submission, and the funding cycle. Check other restrictions (e.g., geographic preferences, priority issues, type of organization that can apply), and make sure you meet the funder’s requirements. Cereal Report Games? In the case of image essay, federal or state grants, these may include certification or pre-approval, which may have to be completed well before the grant's application deadline. Look at the number and kind of past awards given by bressay spa, the funder and image essay, determine whether your odds of receiving funding warrant the effort it takes to prepare a competitive grant proposal. Guide? Check to see if there is organizational fit between your group/ project’s mission and that of the image analyze essay, funded.
How does your group’s work reflect the funder’s values and goals? How does the proposal advance the box book report, funder’s mission while staying within your group’s mission? Check to see if you meet the image, eligibility criteria. If the grant requires partnering, consider whether you have a history of biodiesel from, sharing responsibilities and resources with other organizations. Is there a potential partner for this grant?
Are matching funds required (in which your group commits money/resources)? Before beginning, determine if you have the needed time, energy, and other resources to prepare an effective grant application. Image Analyze? Learn the funder's preferred method of initial contact (e.g., e-mail, phone, face-to-face meeting). Check to see if the funder offers a conference call or web conference briefing session – if so, attending may be well worth your time. Check to see if the funder offers Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on their website, and review these in detail. The FAQs may be updated periodically. If you see value in a pre-application meeting, and if the funders’ guidelines don’t tell you otherwise, consider requesting a meeting with the grantmaking agency.
Or, consider having others make contacts with the funding agency for you – especially if someone who knows you and your work already has a relationship with someone in the funding agency. This may be in your best interest if you are new to grant-writing, know few people in bressay spa, foundations or funding agencies, or don’t have much of a track record in this area. Review the literature to find out essay what approaches might work in your situation. Learn about the problems and goals of the symbology other essays, community, and work with partners to develop an essay, intervention for addressing them with the proposed funding. Good practice calls for full involvement of the community and other partners in all aspects of this work. Develop an action plan for the intervention. Indicate how you will adapt the intervention or “best practice” to fit the needs and context of your community (e.g., differences in resources, cultural values, competence, and language).
Identify the mode of delivery through which each component and element of the intervention will be delivered in the community (e.g., workshops for skill training). Specify the core components and elements of the report, intervention. Analyze? Identify and assess “best practices” or “evidence-based interventions” that could help address the problem or goal in your situation. Set goals and objectives for what success would look like. Analyze the hindu other essays, problem or goals to be addressed by the intervention. Analyze? Indicate how you will obtain community involvement in biodiesel thesis, identifying problems and goals to be addressed by the intervention. Describe the essay, prioritized groups to benefit and those implementing the intervention.
Identify other groups and approaches in the community for addressing this problem/ goal. Assess the level of the hindu other essays, problem or goal. Identify the analyze, community problem/goal to be addressed and what needs to be done. Create (or refine) a logic model or framework for the project outlined in adonit, the grant proposal. This will communicate how the activities will lead to the intended results. Outline the vision and mission of essay, your project. State the objectives of your project or effort. State the context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes (e.g., history of the effort, broad cultural and environmental factors, economic conditions). Identify inputs, resources and barriers – include both resources or supports available and constraints or barriers to meeting the initiative’s objectives State activities or interventions - what the initiative or program does to cereal report games, bring about change and improvement (e.g., providing information and training skills, enhancing support, modifying access, changing policies). State outputs - direct results or products of the group’s activities (e.g., number of analyze essay, people trained or activities conducted).
State intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include shorter-term, intermediate, and longer-term effects). Using the hindu symbology other essays, components listed above in analyze essay, items a-g, draft a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of bressay spa, change. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. (e.g., how would the lives of essay, individuals and communities be better?) Identify your criteria or indicators for judging success. How will success be measured? Determine who will be responsible for collecting data or accessing data sources. Indicate the role of documentation and evaluation in supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for stream of consciousness, documentation/ monitoring your efforts.
Describe the results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period. Clearly outline the image essay, amount of funding requested for each type of funding sought (e.g., amount for salaries, travel, and equipment). Hindu Symbology Essays? Create a budget justification (i.e., a description of why each type of expense is needed). Consider all forms of potential revenues (e.g., other grants and contracts, local funding, memberships, in-kind support), as well as all forms of expenses (e.g., staff salaries and benefits, consultants, travel, equipment, supplies, rent, insurance), for each year of the proposed project. Identify appropriate matching funds or resources if applicable. Image Essay? Plan for bressay spa, sustainability of the project – funders often want to see a plan for how the project or group will be maintained after the grant period. Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. Identify specific tactics to image analyze, be used to sustain the effort (e.g., sharing positions and bressay spa, resources, becoming a line item in an existing budget).
Follow up to be sure that the proposal arrived. Identify a contact person at the grantmaking agency. Image Analyze Essay? Prepare a thank you letter. Follow up with partners or other key stakeholders that contributed to bressay spa, the proposal or would support implementation. Analyze? Securing one grant takes multiple applications. Hindu Other Essays? Don’t wait to hear about one application before sending out another. Analyze Essay? Once word has been received from the grantmaking agency about the funding (or lack of approved funding), debrief with the group to discuss lessons learned and next steps. Of Consciousness? Continue efforts to diversify the types of funding and image analyze, types of funders that support your work. Of Consciousness Essays? Be persistent.
Part II. WRITING THE GRANT APPLICATION. Be sure to include important information (e.g., the analyze essay, RFA or grant name, proposal name, agency name). PROPOSAL NARRATIVE (usually a total of 10-20 pages) After drafting the narrative, have someone with limited knowledge of the proposal give you feedback based on the review criteria. Hindu Symbology Other? Review and critique your draft proposal using the scoring criteria used to review proposals.
Review and critique the draft proposal to see if it meets the proposal requirements. Prepare and present the final proposal in a reader-friendly format that will make scoring easy for grant reviewers (e.g., label sections based on image, proposal outline and criteria, use bold to hindu essays, highlight key points). ABSTRACT/ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. The abstract/ executive summary (typically less than one page) should clearly and analyze, briefly summarize the proposal. Devote at least one sentence each to bressay spa, the statement of the essay, problem/goal, context, project mission and objectives, organizational and community capacity, methods, evaluation plan, and cereal games, plan for sustainability. Keep it clear and simple. The abstract should clearly articulate what the image essay, proposal is about, and how it fits the funding priorities and criteria. Bressay Spa? Although this will be the first thing the reviewer reads, it should typically be written last. Essay? Prepare the bressay spa, abstract after the rest of the proposal is complete. That way, you won’t have to rewrite it as your proposal evolves.
Statement of the Community Problem or Goal. State the community problem or goal to be addressed. Describe the active involvement of the community in defining the problems and goals and planning the approach. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use public records of community-level indicators and/or community surveys to communicate the analyze, importance of the problem/goal. Describe how you have determined that this project is needed in your community (e.g., community assessments, surveys or public records that support the jobstar, need for the project). Document evidence of community concern about the image essay, issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and bressay spa, reports from the media. (You may want to use public forums and focus groups). If available, attach media reports on the issue or problem in this community. State whom the problem or goal most affects and how they are affected by it.
Describe how the problem or goal is image analyze linked to other related issues in the community. Describe the buy resume for writer adonit, geographic area that defines the community (e.g., city, town or village, urban neighborhood or rural area), including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics (e.g., commercial/residential area, quality of physical environment, etc.). Image? Describe the intended beneficiaries of the project and their relevant characteristics (i.e., ages of those affected, race/ethnicity, income levels, education levels, etc). State community assets, challenges, and needs. State other recent and current efforts in the community to address the algae, problem/ goal. II. PROJECT MISSION AND OBJECTIVES, ORGANIZATIONAL AND COMMUNITY CAPACITY. Mission and Objectives of the Project. State the vision for the project related to the problem or goal identified by the community.
State the mission of the image analyze essay, project or initiative. Bressay Spa? State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative State the key behavioral objectives for the community project or initiative (e.g., what are the measurable impacts that could be expected in 3 – 5 years. Describe the image, Organization's Capacity to Conduct the Project. Hindu Essays? Include: A brief overview of the organization, including its mission or purpose, and its clients or groups that benefit from its work. Process checklist: defining organizational structure and operating mechanisms. Organizational development (how long has it been around, how it has grown, how has capacity been extended). If applicable, include information about agency or staff accreditation or licensure. Resources and assets (e.g., people, financial, etc.). Include a summary of image analyze, key personnel and partners, including their experience and skills, previous work in addressing the problem or goal to be addressed, and their anticipated roles in this initiative – including percentage of time dedicated to the program. Identify the relationship of the lead contact for the proposal to the Applicant organization.
Describe the Community’s Capacity to Address this Problem/ Goal. Include: Community assets and resources. Level of readiness to engage in this work, including results of biodiesel, any previous assessments of readiness or capacity (if available). Describe support from and collaboration with other organizations. Describe the roles of other partners in developing the proposed project, and how the proposed project will involve them in operations. State how you will collaborate with other organizations to address client needs and image analyze, avoid duplication of services.
Attach letters from collaborating organizations. (Letters of support should be on cereal box book report, the organization’s letterhead and include the image, name, title, telephone number and e-mail address of the appropriate contact person within the partner organization). Describe the factors or conditions that contribute to the problem or goal. Describe the personal factors (e.g., past history, knowledge, and skills) and environmental factors (e.g., available support and resources, policies) that may contribute to the problem/goal. Describe the lead agency’s previous work addressing the problem/goal. Describe significant accomplishments of the organization and cereal box book games, successes with related projects (if new, of members or staff in previous roles). Attach media reports in Appendix A, if available. First, identify the objectives and essay, strategies for the proposal consistent with the aims of the RFA. Then, address the following: Intended Beneficiaries and How to bressay spa, Reach Them. Identify primary groups to benefit and other prioritized groups to be reached through the project. Describe the essay, universal approaches to be used to reach many or all of the people in the prioritized group.
Describe the targeted approaches to be used to box book games, reach those at higher risk for the problem or concern. Image Analyze Essay? Mobilizing Resources and Overcoming Barriers. Describe the bressay spa, people who could potentially help address the problem or goal, the image, assets they could contribute, and how they will be engaged in the project. For Writer? Describe material resources (e.g., money, equipment) which could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets that could be contributed, and how they will be used. Image Essay? Identify the key stakeholders (those who have something to gain or lose by the efforts to address the problem or goal) and buy resume, how they will be involved in the project. Analyze? Describe potential sources of resistance to the project, the forms it might take, and how resistance could be reduced. Buy Resume? Troubleshooting Guide: We are facing opposition or conflict. Describe potential barriers to the project, the forms it might take, and how barriers could be removed or reduced. Troubleshooting Guide for image essay, Solving Problems: Common Problems, Reflection Questions, and Links to Support Tools Proposed Project Activities Logic Model. Include a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change for your project. Buy Resume Adonit? Be sure to include: Intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include immediate, intermediate, and longer-term effects) Outputs or products of the group’s activities Activities or interventions to bring about image essay, change andimprovement Inputs, resources and barriers for meeting the initiative’s objectives The context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the bressay spa, intended outcomes The objectives of your project The vision and mission of your project Intervention and Action Plan – complete and include the following: Components of the Intervention (for example) Specific Elements of the image analyze essay, Intervention.
Providing Information and Enhancing Skills. (e.g., workshops to train skills on…) Enhancing Services and Support. Modifying Access, Barriers, and Opportunities. Changing the Consequences (e.g., incentives) Modifying Policies and Broader Systems. Other (be specific): Action Plan for Implementation. Element of the guide, Intervention (e.g., workshop) What needs to be done: It may be appropriate to include an implementation timeline (sometimes, this is appropriate to include in the appendix). Analyze Essay? Indicate the role of for writer, documentation/evaluation and feedback in supporting program improvement and essay, determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Describe the results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. Describe your criteria or indicators for other, judging success.
How will success be measured? Indicate how evidence will be gathered about whether the project as conducted was consistent with the plan. Note how this information will be used to image analyze essay, improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how evidence will be gathered about the contribution of the intervention to the outcomes of the bressay spa, project. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the image analyze, initiative. Indicate how information will be gathered to support the objectives of the funders. Describe how the performance measures identified by the funder (especially for resume, state or federal grants) will be collected and measured.
Indicate how information about satisfaction of stakeholders and collaborators with the project will be gathered regularly. Note how this information will be gathered and analyze, used to enhance functioning of the initiative. Indicate how community-level indicators (e.g., children immunized; incidence of drinking and driving or related injuries; percentage of people who are overweight) will be used to determine whether the biodiesel from algae thesis, effort made a difference with the image essay, community problem or goal. Indicate how the behaviors (or products of behavior) of prioritized groups will be measured to determine whether the initiative had an effect on key behaviors (e.g., percentage of people reporting regular physical activity or being overweight.) Indicate how community and system change (e.g., new or modified programs, policies, or practices) will be documented to determine whether the hindu, environment has changed related to the mission. Indicate how other things occurring in the community during the initiative will be documented to determine how they may have contributed to the observed effects (or lack of image essay, effects). Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. This should include a description of the activities, services or products to guide, be offered.
Generate an annual budget, including: All projected expenses (e.g., salaries, office expenses, rent, utilities, phone and computer expenses, equipment, travel, etc) All projected income - based on current sources of funding and other in-kind resources. Use the anticipated budget to: Evaluate the financial resources needed to sustain the programs and services of the initiative. Identify ways to generate resources other than money (e.g., time, materials) to meet some of the anticipated expenses. Indicate how you will use potential tactics for financial sustainability, including: Sharing positions and resources Becoming a line item in an existing budget of another organization Incorporating the initiative’s activities or services into another organization with a similar mission Applying for grants Outline a specific action plan for sustaining the organization or effort (i.e., who will do what, by when to implement chosen tactics for sustainability) Include appropriate supplemental items in the Appendix. The appendix should not include any information essential for the review of the image analyze, application since the review of the appendix is biodiesel from algae often optional for the reviewer. Analyze Essay? Include appropriate Letters of Support (LOS). Establish relationships and hindu, be sure to request letters well in advance of the submission deadline. Analyze? Review all prepared materials carefully prior to submission. Review the checklist for following funders' guidelines for practical tips to maximize chances for success.
Example 1: Grant application to The Vicki Scott Foundation to symbology essays, improve healthcare access for Hispanics. Image? 2506 Crestline Circle. Lawrence, KS 66047. People for Universal Health Care. September 22, 2000. Kansas State Health Department. Bressay Spa? Attn: Grant Committee. Analyze Essay? 618 N. Bay Country. Topeka, KS 67525. Dear Sir or Madam: The mission of our organization is to bressay spa, improve the health and image analyze essay, well-being of children in Marshall County, Kansas through education and improved community programs. Buy Resume Adonit? We would like to raise the immunization rates of Marshall County to the national goal of 90%, from their current levels of 69%, in image, the next five years.
We are interested in for writer adonit, immunization rates in Marshall County because there is little or no system to ensure that the children of that community receive proper immunizations. Too few children receive proper immunizations by the age of two years, even though childhood vaccinations have been acknowledged as the most cost-effective way to prevent certain infectious diseases. Image Analyze Essay? Therefore our goal is to buy resume adonit, increase the rate of children, particularly those at the age of two or younger, having been adequately vaccinated in Marshall County. We believe that we have the capacity to carry out this initiative because we have a strong history of success in child and youth services, as well as health and wellness services. Our members include employees of analyze, Latvia Memorial Hospital, such as nurses, technicians, and a member of the stream of consciousness essays, business office. Our organization also includes a member of the local United Way, the community health department, and essay, several community members who serve various functions within the county. Our organization has a variety of essays, resources for funding, including donations of needed supplies by the local hospitals and clinics. The County Health Department and analyze essay, local health organizations, including the buy resume for writer, United Way, also contribute to our funds with annual donations. Finally, our organization receives financial assistance through fundraising by local businesses. We are requesting additional funding from the Kansas State Health Department to help start this initiative. We chose to image analyze essay, approach you because we feel that our organizations have similar missions: to buy resume for writer adonit, improve the health and well-being of analyze, Kansans.
We are targeting one particular population of Kansans at this time: the children of Marshall County. Thank you for your time and consideration. I. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM AND CONTEXT. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM OR CONCERN. Bressay Spa? State the community problem or concern to be addressed. We are concerned about the image essay, growing number of uninsured/underinsured Hispanic workers in the Durham, NC community.
This community has issues of access related to language barriers, the lack of health insurance, and the lack of of consciousness essays, transportation to the clinics currently available in the area. It is also noted that many area clinics such as the Lincoln Community Health Center are overwhelmed by the increasing number of Hispanics in need of image analyze, health care services. Document evidence of the problem, including data on buy resume, the scope or level of the problem. You may use existing public records of community level indicators and/or community surveys. Document evidence of image essay, community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and reports from the stream of consciousness, media. State who is affected by the problem or concern and analyze essay, how they are affected by it. Resume? The immigrant population is primarily affected by the problem of lack of access to analyze, adequate health care. The area health clinics and hospitals are overwhelmed by the influx of the growing Hispanic population and buy resume, are finding it difficult to meet the needs of this community.
DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMUNITY. Analyze Essay? Describe the geographic area that defines the community including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics. Durham, North Carolina is a medium-sized city, and (along with Raleigh and Chapel Hill), it is one of the three towns comprising what is commonly known as The Research Triangle. Known as the City of Medicine, Durham is perhaps best known by outsiders for the Durham Bulls minor league baseball team and for essays, Duke University and Medical Center. Durham is also home to two other colleges, North Carolina Central University (the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for essay, African-Americans), and Durham Technical Community College. The town is very diverse, already boasting the same racial diversity that America will have in 2050. It is also a city that is biodiesel from algae thesis growing very rapidly. In 1999, the estimated population of Durham was 204,097; that figure represents over a 10% increase from the estimated population in analyze essay, 1990 (181,835 people). While the town was founded primarily with money from tobacco over a hundred years ago, it is now a major center for from algae, research and image, development, with major corporations such as IBM and Glaxo Wellcome having a home in Research Triangle Park, most of which is a part of the city of Durham.
Indeed, trying to cope with the booming growth that has hit the area is one of the largest challenges facing area planners. Describe the community people who are the intended beneficiaries of the project and their relevant characteristics. Our project is being developed to serve the needs of Hispanic residents of Durham County, including those who have come to biodiesel algae, this country illegally. In 1996, the official figure published by the Census Bureau for Hispanics was a population of essay, 3,466, or 1.8% of the population. However, local Hispanic advocates estimate the true figure is closer to cereal box book, 8,000 residents. As Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of Citizen Services puts it, [The Census figures definitely don't] have anything to analyze essay, do with reality. They're grossly undercounting, and it makes no sense. Any way you count it, the number of Hispanics in the county is on the rise.
The Census Bureau states that the bressay spa, Hispanic population of analyze essay, Durham grew by 11% from box book, 1995 -- 1996, and the number of image analyze essay, Hispanic children in schools jumped by 25% during the same time period. This increase in population has been noticed in the medical community as well. Cereal Box Book Report? Lincoln Community Health Center, a low-cost clinic that charges a sliding scale, is image essay seeing its Hispanic clientele grow markedly. For example, in just the two years from 1994 and 1996, the percentage of the patient population that was Hispanic tripled, from 2.7% to 7.1% of the biodiesel algae, clinic's visitors. This increase shows no signs of image essay, slowing down, and hindu symbology other essays, is severely straining the clinic's resources. Image Analyze Essay? As a whole, Hispanics in the United States have a myriad of problems that make them less likely to seek and obtain health care. Bressay Spa? Nationwide, only 11% of Hispanics have at least a Bachelor's degree, as compared to 28% of non-Hispanic whites.
They are three times more likely to live in poverty than non-Hispanic whites (26% vs. 8%); 34% of Hispanic children live in poverty. Hispanics are also much less likely to have health insurance, even if they do have full-time jobs. A recent study done by The Commonwealth Fund found that 37% of Hispanics who work full-time are not covered by insurance, compared with 20% of blacks and 12% of whites. The Hispanic community in Durham, as is the case with Hispanics throughout the country, have unique health care needs.
Not the least of these is actually having the resources to get them in the door of a medical office. As The News and Observer, one of the local newspapers, reported last summer, The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers -- including a language gap and lack of transportation -- haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office. Even in the face of adequate medical care, Hispanics still, as a whole, are affected by many medical problems to a much greater extent than are members of other racial or ethnic groups. Essay? For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and tuberculosis are all health concerns which occur in Hispanics more frequently than in other populations. The recent rubella epidemic among area Hispanics is another example of the need for culturally appropriate health care in our community. Clearly, this population needs more medical assistance than it is currently receiving in Durham. ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OR SITUATION.
Identify the basic conditions or root causes that may contribute to the problem or concern. Include which behaviors of whom need to change to address the problem or concern. It is ironic that in the City of Medicine there are residents who cannot get adequate health care. Unfortunately, that irony exists; and it is growing to such an extent that this irony is quickly becoming a tragedy. The booming Hispanic population is at the root of this problem. The rate of immigration, both legal and illegal, into the city is unprecedented in the area's history. Jobstar Guide? Existing resources, including the Public Health Department and Lincoln Community Health Center, are being strained beyond capacity. And quite simply, in image essay, many cases Hispanics in our community cannot afford to go anywhere else.
In Durham in 1990, for example, 285 households headed by Hispanics had incomes below $24, 999; and 157 had incomes below $14,999. In addition, in many cases, barriers of language and knowledge are difficult to overcome. While some clinics have Spanish-speaking personnel or interpreters, many do not. Additionally, the stream of consciousness essays, very people who do not regularly seek medical care in essay, the community are the same people who are unaware of the hindu symbology other essays, resources already available in the community (for example, STD hotlines in Spanish and disaster assistance). ORGANIZATIONAL CAPACITY TO CONDUCT THE PROJECT.
Describe the nature, depth and continuity of the organization's leadership. Our board of directors is made up of dedicated, passionate medical and non-medical personnel. They have shown continuous dedication to their community through past fundraising and image essay, volunteer efforts. Our current Board is bressay spa made up of physicians, physician assistants, nurses, pharmacists, social workers and community leaders, including members of the Latino community. Important posts in the clinic will be filled as follows. Medical Director: MD Executive Director: PA-C Clinical Manager: RN (paid position?) Describe other resources and assets of the organization. We have already 50 volunteers offering at least two hours per month to staff the clinic as follows, per night: Volunteers will be scheduled regularly as first Wednesday or second Wednesday, etc. Describe the organization's past history of success related to the proposed work. While we are new as a group, our many years of service to the community will prove invaluable in analyze essay, this endeavor. Members of our board have over 75 years combined experience in bressay spa, medicine and over 100 years experience working in the Hispanic community.
We have chosen board members based on their experience, proven dedication and commitment to this cause. Describe support from and essay, collaboration with other relevant organizations. Our networking capabilities extend into local, state and national professional organizations such as the American Medical Association, American Academy of Physician Assistants, American Nurses Association, and American Pharmacists Association. We are working with some of the local professional groups and other local charitable groups to form partnerships for the clinic. Partnerships could include financial and in-kind support, dedicated volunteer hours, and leadership and cereal games, administrative support. Image Analyze Essay? We also receive guidance and support from bressay spa, Volunteers in Healthcare, the Public Health Foundation and the Free Clinic Foundation. II.
PROJECT VISION, MISSION, AND OBJECTIVES. State the analyze, positive vision for the community related to the problem or concern. Helping the Latino community will pay for itself many times over in the future. A community is only as successful and jobstar resume guide, productive as each of its citizens. By helping some, we're helping all. State the mission of the project or initiative. To provide culturally-appropriate free primary health care services to individuals who lack access to essay, care, especially those of Hispanic origin.
This will be accomplished through a culturally-diverse, volunteer-based organization with emphasis on education and outreach. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative. The overall objective of this project is to improve the health of the Hispanic population of Durham. III. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION/ METHODS OF INTERVENTION.
TARGETS OF CHANGE AND HOW REACH THEM. Identify primary targets of change. All members of the Latino community of Durham, regardless of buy resume adonit, age, religion, country of origin, immigration status or ability to pay. Indicate how targets will be reached by the intervention. Our primary means of reaching the Hispanic population will be through the local Spanish-language media. On a secondary level, board members will be expected to image analyze essay, meet monthly, and receive feedback from community leaders quarterly. Information received from these meetings will be evaluated and acted upon accordingly. Bressay Spa? MOBILIZING HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES. Describe the image analyze essay, people who could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets they could contribute, and how they might be engaged in addressing the problem.
Any members of the community who are willing to donate their time and help improve the biodiesel from thesis, health status of the Latino community. This volunteer pool can include community and religious leaders, trained healthcare workers, administrative personnel and members of the media. Describe material resources which could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets that could be contributed, and how they might be used to address the problem. We will be looking for in-kind donations of new and used medical equipment including exam tables, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals. We will also be in need of office and record-keeping materials.
The local media will be called upon to donate advertising space and general support. Identify the key stakeholders and how they will be involved in the project. Analyze? There are many people who will be affected by this project. Those most affected of course will be the jobstar resume, recipients of the clinic's services, primarily the analyze essay, Hispanic population. We are anticipating they will have better access to basic health care services and their overall state of health will improve through this increased access. They will be involved not only as patients of the clinic but also through their feedback they will help to organize and plan services. Jobstar Resume Guide? We are hopeful that these same patients will become advocates of good health practices and peer educators in their community. Another large group which will be affected through the institution of this project are the local hospitals and clinics which serve this same population.
These institutions are overwhelmed with the large influx of this population in the area and will certainly benefit from a number of their patients receiving basic health services in our clinic. This will free up more time and resources for them to deal with the more complex cases. Image Analyze Essay? They are also involved heavily as many of the volunteers for biodiesel algae thesis, our clinic will come from image, these same health institutions. Finally the local community churches which serve this same population will also be affected by this project. We have collaborated with these organizations for some time now and they also are involved with the cereal report, organizing, planning, and outreach educational services. Analyze Essay? The also serve as a valuable source of volunteers as well as patients and of consciousness essays, our collaboration is a key to the success of essay, this clinic. TARGETS, BEHAVIORS, AND STRATEGIES FOR INTERVENTION. Outline the key targets of change, key behaviors that need to biodiesel thesis, change, and the strategies or intervention components to be used to change behavior. There are several groups we see as key targets of analyze, change. Broadly, the Durham health care community needs to stream of consciousness, address this overwhelming problem of the migrant Hispanic population’s difficult access to healthcare as a separate and more comprehensive issue.
Though each individual institution has taken steps to address the issues on an individual level, the numbers of these patients are becoming overwhelming and need to image essay, be addressed on the community level. Our clinic offers a wonderful opportunity for this issue to be addressed on a community level. Also this clinic tackles the issues of language barriers, the lack of health insurance, and the lack of transportation to the other health services currently available in the area. These institutions can address some of these issues through outreach programs at our clinic as well as serving as volunteers and addressing the issue at a personal level. Secondly, the Hispanic migrant community itself must change. With improved access to healthcare comes the individual responsibility to resume, take advantage of analyze essay, these services in for writer adonit, not only the treatment of illness but also in the prevention of illness.
Many health issues can be not only prevented through immunizations, education, and lifestyle changes but can also be arrested in the earlier stages of essay, illness if addressed at an earlier time. These issues can also be addressed throughout clinic, however the true work here must begin at the community level. Through individuals as well as the community churches those in the Hispanic migrant community must educate each other about healthcare maintenance preventative issues. This can be addressed in a continual education and outreach network working closely with the clinic and in the local churches and for writer, surrounding community. Analyze? Describe what success will look like for the project or initiative. Success can be defined as serving a desired volume of patients or by making an impact on one individual patient. It will take about biodiesel from algae, six to eight weeks to image essay, reach the bressay spa, anticipated patient volume, but a positive individual impact can be seen on the first night. We expect to see 500 patients in the first six months. Image Analyze? As we are a new project, our original goals for success are modest. Jobstar Guide? As we continue and grow as an organization, we hope to expand our focus, and to measure the effect of our project on the overall health of Hispanics in Durham. More specifically increased rates of analyze, immunizations and increased screening and treatment of; tuberculosis, diabetes, and buy resume for writer, hypertension.
We are also planning to address many basic primary care concerns such as upper respiratory infections and image essay, ear infections in children. What indicators or benchmarks can help detect improvements in the problem or concern. As addressed above one simple indicator we can follow in order to other essays, evaluate the success of our program is the immunization rates of both children and image essay, adults. It is also possible to measure or compare screening rates for tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension through percentages within those at risk in the patient population. Even more specifically we can track the follow up visits for the treatment of buy resume for writer adonit, those with these same diseases. We also must ask for the community leaders and churches to address their community for analyze essay, evaluation and possible improvement of our services.
Indicate how implementation of the intervention will be monitored. Note how this information will be fed back to improve functioning of the cereal, initiative. The indicators mentioned above will be monitored on a monthly basis. Also monitored will be the number of new and return patients. These measures of performance will be recorded by the nurses and providers in the patients’ charts at the time as reason for the visit and will be collected and recorded in a master document by the non-medical assistants helping that same evening.
For at least the first year following the implementation of the image analyze, project the Board will meet monthly to discuss any problems as well as the progress of the biodiesel from algae, clinic. The community leaders will be asked on a quarterly basis to hold meetings within the community either at churches or at local gatherings. This will be for both informing the people of the essay, services available to them as well as requesting feedback from the community, which will be presented at monthly Board meetings for evaluation and possible implementation. During the hours of operations, technical and/or administrative problems will first be fielded by from, the Clinic Manager, to be followed-up by analyze, the Executive Director when necessary. Indicate how information about satisfaction of key stakeholders and box book, with the project will be gathered regularly and image analyze essay, used to enhance functioning of the initiative. As discussed above there will be monthly Board meetings to of consciousness essays, discuss any problems encountered as well as progress of the clinic on image, a monthly basis for at least the first year of operation.
The community leaders will also be asked to reach out into cereal report games, their communities on at least a quarterly basis to both inform the community of the services available and analyze essay, any changes implemented. Here they will primarily ask the jobstar resume, community for any input they have concerning the clinics operations. This information will be presented to the Board at image essay, the monthly meetings. Additionally, as patients leave, we will ask them to take part in an informal, oral interview that will remain anonymous (e.g., their names will not be attached to their answers). Those surveyed will be asked a short list of open-ended questions that have been reviewed by an expert in Hispanic studies and jobstar resume guide, an epidemiologist. NB: Although an oral interview is not ideal, due to image, the possibility of bias (e.g., a desire to please the cereal games, interviewer), we believe it is analyze necessitated by the large percentage of our population who may be illiterate. Indicate how possible (negative) side effects of the project or initiative will be detected and buy resume for writer, remedied. Image Analyze Essay? Note how this information will be used to minimize those side effects?
Negative side effects of bressay spa, this project will be detected at several levels. The most essential level that will be monitored as to side effects is the community, especially the patient population. Information from these oral interviews mentioned above, both positive and negative, will be reviewed by our Board of Directors on a monthly basis, and adjustments will be made accordingly. This will also happen through the help of community leaders and churches. Image? Here the population will be asked to give their feedback concerning the clinic and improvements or changes that need to be made. This information will be channeled back to the Board, which will try to implement as many changes as possible to improve services. Another important group to be monitored will be that of the bressay spa, volunteer base which will help to run the clinic. The volunteers will be encouraged to image essay, express their concerns and ideas to both the Clinic Manager and the Executive Director who will express these concerns at the monthly Board meetings. Essays? We will also use suggestion boxes for volunteers who wish to analyze, make anonymous comments. These will be evaluated first by the Clinic Manager and presented at the monthly Board meetings for discussion. Indicate how community-level indicators will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or concern.
Most of our indicators of success will be in the day to day numbers of how many patients were seen daily. We will also track specific major public health issues, such as: The number of children immunized at our clinic The number of women receiving well-woman exams The number of resume guide, patients screened/treated/educated for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases The number of patients receiving screening and/or treatment for diabetes, hypertension and tuberculosis The number of prenatal referrals that occur at our clinic. We will also work with other community health centers, most notably Lincoln Community Health Center and the Durham Public Health department, and attempt to determine if there is a difference in their utilization due to our clinic. In the future, we hope to correlate the numbers from our clinic with statistics from our community of overall health (e.g., the rate of STD's; the rate of immunization in analyze essay, the community, et cetera). However, this information and work is outside of the domain of this original grant proposal. V. PLAN FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY.
List strategies that will be used to biodiesel from algae, sustain the essay, initiative and/or its successful components after this grant ends. While the cereal box book report games, startup grant which we are applying for today is crucial to get our program on our feet, it is our goal that the program will eventually be entirely sustained through the use of image, local resources. To that end, our financial sustainability plan includes all of the following: United Way funding. We are currently in negotiations with the United Way of Durham County to receive a small stipend from their annual budget. Funding from local churches. Algae? Our Lady of image, Guadeloupe, a local Catholic parish with a large Hispanic population, has pledged a small donation of $750 annually to buy resume adonit, help pay for some services. In-kind donations. We are lucky that the analyze essay, Triangle is home to several major pharmaceutical companies.
We are currently in negotiations with several companies to have donations of medications and other medical equipment brought to bressay spa, our clinic on a semi-regular basis. Private, individual donations will be used to develop a core funding source to help the analyze, center run in perpetuity. We will also seek further grants from both public and bressay spa, private foundations to image essay, further our work. VI. OVERALL SIGNIFICANCE AND PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESS. In one paragraph, state WHY this project should be done: a) at all, b) in this community, c) at this time, and of consciousness, d) by this organization.
The need for free, culturally sensitive health care for the burgeoning Hispanic population in Durham County, North Carolina is image analyze great. By all accounts, it will grow substantially in the coming decade. The recent rubella outbreak among area Hispanics offers us only stream of consciousness essays a small taste of what the future could bring. By acting now, our proposal offers a chance for analyze, a group of seasoned, dedicated professionals to buy resume for writer, start a clinic that will be able to grow with the image essay, growing Hispanic population. We hope our clinic will contribute to a thriving, diverse, healthy community , and ask that you seriously consider our proposal. Thank you.
Appendix A: Attach Letters of Support and Commitment from Collaborating Organizations. Algae Thesis? Father Mark O'Reilly. Our Lady of Guadeloupe Catholic Church. Durham, North Carolina 27704. Telephone (919) 477-6789.
I am writing this letter in analyze, support of the new free Hispanic health care center that has been proposed in our community. Buy Resume Adonit? I have been a priest in Durham for the past 15 years, and in my time here, I have seen my parish grow tremendously, primarily due to the large influx of Hispanic immigrants who continue to become our neighbors here in town. As a priest, I am privy to many of their difficulties, and it strikes me time and again how many of these problems are due to a lack of adequate health care. Many do not have money to essay, go to the doctor. Of those who do, many are afraid to biodiesel thesis, do so because of their immigration status, or because their English is not adequate to understand a clinician's directions or even explain their problems.
Many of these people I have accompanied to local clinics and served as their translator; but if I did this for every person who needed this in my parish, I would no longer have time for anything else. I understand this letter will go to support a grant application, and will be read by those unfamiliar with this problem, with our community. Please understand that while you see words on a page, I am watching children die because they did not receive the analyze essay, care that was necessary. The need is urgent, and the time to act upon it is now. I have the highest confidence in those who are running this new clinic. They are extremely competent clinicians who are well respected by this community.
They can get things done. Most importantly, they are passionately dedicated to this cause. I have total faith in their abilities to get things done, and I and my parish are supporting their work completely. Symbology Other? We have offered them a modest stipend of $750 annually (the amount our parish could afford), and many of our parishioners will be volunteering at the clinic. I urge you to support their efforts as well. Image Analyze Essay? If I can be of any further service, please do not hesitate to let me know. Yours in Christ, Human Relations Department. Big Drug Corporation. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27707. From Algae Thesis? To Whom It May Concern: We are writing in support of the new free clinic that is being proposed in our area. As one of the nation's leading pharmaceutical providers, we believe it is image essay important that the jobstar, community in which we are based be one of the healthiest in our nation.
It is to that end that we have pledged our support to this new clinic. It is part of our mission to analyze, give something back to the community that graciously houses us. Although we have not yet finalized the specifics of our donation to the new clinic, we hope to be a regular benefactor, probably through donations of our products. We believe the essays, clinic will do outstanding work and fill a necessary niche in our community. We hope that you will join us in supporting this worthy endeavor. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office at (919) 383-1234. Julie R. Analyze? Nielson. Human Relations Associate. Big Drug Corporation. Appendix B: Documentation of the stream essays, growing Hispanic population in Durham.
December 21, 1997. The News Observer. Essay? Estimate alarms Hispanic advocates. By NED GLASCOCK; STAFF WRITER. RALEIGH -- The U.S. Census Bureau says North Carolina's Hispanic population continues to multiply. But Hispanic advocates say Uncle Sam still hasn't figured out how to count. New population estimates continue to underestimate the bressay spa, true scope of North Carolina's recent wave of image analyze, Hispanic immigration, advocates say.
They worry that the apparent underestimation could mislead policy-makers about the level of state and local resources needed to address the influx. The Census Bureau estimates that 134,384 Hispanics lived in the state in July 1996, an 11 percent increase over 1995 and jobstar guide, 73 percent more than in the 1990 census. However, the image, new figure falls far below the estimate of bressay spa, 205,000 made by state health officials in 1996, said Katie Pomerans, Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of Citizen Services, a wing of the state Department of Health and Human Services. A lot is at risk, Pomerans said. The reason why they count population is because we're supposed to offer services to image analyze, that population.
You plan for bressay spa, growth that way - for analyze essay, the number of schools you need, the number of from algae thesis, parking spaces you need. But nobody knows the actual figure, even after they count it. Essay? In addition, racial and symbology other, ethnic counts are used to help draw congressional voting districts, and some federal agencies and analyze, other organizations rely on stream of consciousness, them for their formulas to allocate money. In the Triangle, the essay, apparent discrepancy between official figures and reality is pronounced in Durham, where estimates by local Hispanic groups put the population about 8,000. The bureau, in contrast, says 3,466 Hispanics called Durham home in 1996, representing 1.8 percent of the county's population. It definitely doesn't have anything to jobstar resume guide, do with reality, Pomerans said. They're grossly undercounting there, and it makes no sense. Although the Census Bureau says Durham's Hispanic population grew by 11 percent from 1995 to 1996, the number of Hispanic children in image essay, the Durham public schools jumped by 25 percent over the same time frame, from 562 to 705, she said. Hispanic advocates also question the figures for other Triangle counties.
The Census Bureau reported: - 11,227 Hispanics in Wake County, or 2.1 percent of the county's population. For Writer? That figure is a 15 percent increase from the year before and analyze essay, a 103 percent rise since 1990. Symbology Other? 2,508 Hispanics in Orange County, or 2.3 percent of the population. That number is 12 percent higher than the 1995 figure and 93 percent higher than 1990's. Overall, Hispanics make up a tiny fraction of the state's population - 1.8 percent of the state's 7.3 million residents in image analyze, 1996, according to cereal report games, the bureau. Still, even that percentage is on the increase: In 1990, Hispanics made up 1.2 percent of North Carolina's population.
Nationally, the Census Bureau has forecast that Hispanic people will represent almost a quarter of the U.S. population by the year 2050, up from one-tenth currently. The Census Bureau demographer who arrived at the new North Carolina figures was not available for comment last week. Agency publications caution that the analyze, new figures were produced using new methodology, were based on the 1990 census and should be used carefully. A number has a lot of consequences and can have a big impact, said Andrea Bazan Manson, vice president of El Pueblo Inc., a statewide Latino advocacy group based in bressay spa, the Triangle. Manson said the group often uses estimates of analyze, 250,000 to 300,000 for Hispanics in the state. The way that we base that is by taking into account migrant farm workers, she said. For years, Hispanic advocates across the for writer adonit, country have complained about what they regard as undercounting. Whether the census data for North Carolina are accurate or not, the trend of growth in essay, Hispanic numbers is undeniable and can still help guide policy-makers, said Susan Brock, a migrant health coordinator with the nonprofit N.C. Symbology? Primary Health Care Association. [The numbers] are not without value, particularly if you know they're an undercount, she said.
I don't know that any data [are] perfect. Analyze Essay? Many factors contribute to the underestimation of Hispanics, Brock said. Among them are the biodiesel from thesis, language barrier and the fact that sometimes more than one Hispanic family lives in a house. Some of North Carolina's most recent immigrants, young men from Central and South America working construction jobs, bunk up at the rate of five, 10 or more per image essay household. In addition, undocumented immigrants are reluctant to bressay spa, come forward and be counted. Manson said the low estimate was expected, because advocacy groups in the state were not well-organized in 1990 and image analyze essay, because the report, rate of Hispanic immigration was rapid. I am actually glad that people are learning and beginning to realize the numbers are low, she said. But we have a lot further to go in trying to make sure we get an accurate picture of analyze, how many Latinos make North Carolina their home.
Pomerans acknowledged that it was difficult for any agency to track a tremendous surge in immigration such as the one North Carolina has experienced, especially over the past several years. We have to just hope that with the cereal games, next census, it's better done, she said. A lot of that depends on the help of the community and image essay, educating people about the cereal report, importance of responding to the census. February 22, 1998. The News Observer. Spanish lessons (Part A) (First of two parts) By Ruth Sheehan and Ned Glascock; Staff Writers.
Lured by the prospect of good jobs in a humming economy, Latino immigrants have flocked to the Tar Heel State in record numbers this decade, literally helping build the new North Carolina as they forge new lives. But this historic demographic shift is placing a large burden on state and local governments - a burden for which nearly every agency and branch of image analyze, government is buy resume adonit ill-prepared and image, under equipped. Hindu Symbology? Although Latinos remain a small fraction of North Carolina's overall population - about 2 percent - the image analyze, U.S. Census Bureau estimates their numbers have increased more than 70 percent since 1990. Hardly a town has gone unchanged.
Over the past six years, as Latino enrollment in the public schools has tripled and the number of Latinos receiving Medicaid has increased sixfold, the government response has remained piecemeal. Some agencies have begun printing pamphlets in essays, Spanish, hiring a few Spanish-speakers and holding crash courses to explain important cultural differences that can affect service delivery. But there is no coordinated strategy. It is not as if this wave of immigration is some big surprise at this point, says Katie Pomerans, a liaison for the Spanish-speaking community with the image, state Department of Health and Human Services. It's a fact. It's a reality. We are behind the curve, well behind the guide, curve on essay, this one.
Most of the stream of consciousness essays, difficulties revolve around language: schools struggling to teach children who don't speak fluent English; doctors and other health professionals who can't ask patients about their symptoms or explain medical procedures; police officers unable to complete a simple traffic stop with a Spanish-speaking driver, let alone question a crime victim or suspect. Latinos in North Carolina represent a variety of essay, Latin American countries and every economic class. But it is the wave of working-class migration mainly from poor areas of Mexico and Central America - and even other parts of the United States - that poses the biggest challenges for government. For Writer? Adding to the problem in image analyze, North Carolina is the state's inexperience with immigrants. Adonit? Unlike many regions of the country, North Carolina has never been a significant destination for non-English-speaking immigrants. And the answers for how to essay, deal with this unprecedented influx of new residents - some legal, some not - have proved elusive. Government agencies in North Carolina are playing catch-up, says Aura Camacho Maas, a member of the state Human Relations Commission and founder of the Latin American Resource Center in Raleigh.
I don't think anyone was prepared for adonit, the changes taking place in the region, she says. Essay? The first reaction from many different sectors was to of consciousness essays, ignore it. Image? But I think we've evolved quite a bit from that. People are beginning to address those issues now. But it will take a while. It requires developing human resources, it requires training - for the new community and cereal box book report games, the existing community. Government's struggle to match the rapid pace of change plays out in image, the classroom, the courthouse and buy resume for writer, the health clinic in nearly every community in North Carolina. Here is a collection of snapshots from the front lines. Among schoolchildren: Mary Mason's specialty is language.
But these days, she's preoccupied by the numbers. As coordinator of the English as a Second Language program at Athens Drive High School in Raleigh, Mason sees the image analyze essay, demand arcing upward in symbology other essays, what is perhaps the most crucial interface between new Latino immigrants and the state: the public schools. This year, Mason's program is home to 206 kids, six teachers and image analyze essay, two assistants. Buy Resume For Writer Adonit? Statewide since 1990, Latino students' numbers have more than tripled, and essay, the number of Latino kindergartners has almost quadrupled. The Wake County public schools have nearly doubled their ESL teaching positions in the past year, and the pace is so frantic that some new ESL teachers are sent into guide, the classroom while they're still training for certification. It's really breathing down our necks, says Tim Hart, Limited English Proficiency coordinator for image analyze essay, Wake County. These children are here because somebody employs their parents, says Fran Hoch, who heads the second languages program for the state Department of Public Instruction. And they're not the children of migrants, she says. They're here to stay. We used to biodiesel, be doing our best just to give them whatever kind of analyze essay, schooling we could for the few months we had them, Hoch said.
Now they are part of of consciousness, our accountability. If we don't serve them, they become part of our dropout rate. Analyze Essay? The state's answer, the ESL program, has been outmatched almost from the start. Cereal Box Book Report? In urban counties such as Wake, children are grouped by age and language proficiency. In rural counties, one ESL teacher might have to serve many schools, and classes can contain students from analyze essay, all over the world with a wide variety of ages and needs. The younger the child, the easier it is to pick up English - and the easier to learn a new language in a normal classroom environment. For high school students, it's more difficult; they not only are learning a new language, but also must use that language to study complicated subjects such as science, mathematics and literature. Says Hoch: There's a big difference between learning 'See Jane run,' and solving algebraic word problems. Guide? The state does not track dropout rates for ESL students.
But Mason, the high school ESL coordinator, has kept an informal tally over the past few years. The boys, she says, have the hardest time. Essay? Of the last 26 she's taught, only essays two had graduated by essay, May. The prospects are not good for these kids, she says. Consider the challenges facing Adriana Reyna, 15, who moved here a year and a half ago from of consciousness, Mexico. Image Essay? When she enrolled at of consciousness, Athens in August she could say only one word in English: Hi. Now she spends two hours a day in ESL, and the rest of her time she is mainstreamed into courses where students are encouraged to discuss complex concepts. Reyna has no idea what her classmates are talking about. I say nothing, she says. I only essay listen. On the job: Inside the cramped, concrete-block duplex in Durham, Tom O'Connor listens intently to the Honduran woman with the long brown hair.
In Spanish, she explains how her boss at symbology essays, a Raleigh fast-food restaurant has shorted her paycheck again. And although she's a full-time worker, she receives no health benefits. O'Connor asks whether these things have happened to any of her co-workers. Her face creases with an analyze, expression that's part grin and bressay spa, part grimace. Solamente a los hispanos, she says. Only to the Hispanics. Creo que es que somos hispanos. Image? I think it's because we're Hispanics. O'Connor takes notes. He will look into it.
As executive director of the non-profit N.C. Occupational Safety and Health Project, O'Connor's job is to be an bressay spa, advocate for ill-treated workers. More and analyze essay, more, his cases involve workers from Mexico and other countries south of the border. But truth be told, neither O'Connor nor the jobstar resume, state labor department has a handle of this segment of the work force. It is North Carolina's boom, its abundance of jobs, that fuels the immigration surge.
And the new arrivals, many fleeing poverty back home, play a vital role in the state's growing economy. Anyone driving past a construction site need only look to confirm that Hispanics make up a large and growing percentage of the image analyze essay, workers erecting the new subdivisions, office buildings and shopping malls that mark North Carolina as a player in the New South. They take some of the dirtiest and jobstar guide, most dangerous jobs - slaughtering chickens, paving highways, logging trees. But at the state level, O'Connor and analyze, others whose job it is to know whether existing labor laws and policies are effective are flying half-blind. Biodiesel From Algae Thesis? They have little but anecdotal evidence about Latinos' work conditions. They lack basic information about their numbers, their immigration status and the hazards they face on the job. Now, N.C. State University researchers - teaming up with O'Connor's advocacy organization, the essay, state Department of Labor, labor activists and others - are undertaking an ambitious study of the essays, state's Hispanic work force. Image Analyze? The preliminary results raise as many questions as they answer, says Jeffrey Leiter, a professor of buy resume for writer adonit, sociology and anthropology at NCSU, who is essay helping lead the research. For example, Leiter says, he thought the team would find disproportionately high on-the-job injury rates for Hispanics, partly because of safety issues arising from the language barrier. But an algae, unexpected pattern emerged from the information on large work sites the team pieced together from federal and state databases: In certain job categories, a surprisingly low percentage of Latino employees reported workplace injuries.
In the category concrete work, for instance, Latinos made up 26 percent of the work force in 1995 but accounted for less than 8 percent of the reported injuries. If the reporting is not accurate, we have a big problem identifying who is at risk and why, O'Connor says. We can't understand what the problems are and how to reduce injuries. If the data is analyze essay telling us one thing and the reality is another, we have a big problem. Leiter's team of jobstar, students and researchers will soon conduct field interviews to determine whether Hispanic workers are less likely to report injuries. Perhaps it's a fear of analyze, reprisals or, if they are in the country illegally, a desire not to cereal box book, attract attention.
O'Connor says some of the apparent under reporting might result from employer pressure. Some companies encourage injured Hispanic workers not to file worker's compensation claims, promising the company will cover medical costs, he says. Unaware of image analyze essay, their rights, many injured workers agree, he says, only to be left without recourse later because they have no documentation of the biodiesel from, injury. Analyze? Appendix C: Documentation of health problems that face the Hispanic population. The News Observer. Rubella outbreak hits Latinos hard Illness, fear twin foes in Chatham. By Ben Stocking; Staff Writer Page: A1. SILER CITY - An outbreak of rubella - a disease that had been nearly eradicated in the United States - has spread with remarkable speed among Latin American immigrants in Chatham County. Public health workers have documented 50 rubella cases so far, compared with 146 in the entire nation last year. To contain the outbreak, health workers have been going from bressay spa, home to image analyze, home, business to cereal box book report games, business trying to persuade immigrants to be immunized. Clinics have been held anywhere that Latinos gather, from churches to image analyze, supermarkets.
Gaining their trust has been hard, said Maria Rangel-Sharpless, an epidemiologist with the state Division of Maternal and for writer, Child Health. We've had to overcome a lot of obstacles. Nearly four weeks into the outbreak, state and county health officials are confident that it is almost contained. But new cases are still being reported, and image, teams of nurses and of consciousness essays, interpreters expect to continue their intensive immunization campaign for at least another three weeks. Image Essay? Rubella, or German measles, is a virus that causes rashes and flu-like symptoms that last for stream of consciousness essays, nearly a week. The disease is mild in most people, but can be dangerous for pregnant women, especially those in the first trimester.
Their children have a dramatically higher incidence of image analyze, birth defects such as blindness, deafness, heart problems and mental retardation. The outbreak poses no threat to anyone who has received the rubella vaccine - usually administered in childhood - but those who have not are susceptible. The disease has spread primarily among Latin Americans because they come from countries that don't routinely vaccinate for rubella. Many of the newcomers are unaware rubella can cause birth defects, and they are suspicious of government workers. Overwhelming majority: So far, 49 of the stream of consciousness essays, 50 documented cases have been Latinos, including four pregnant women. Analyze? While most of the cases have been discovered in Chatham County, five have been reported in neighboring Lee County and two others in symbology, neighboring Randolph County. State health officials have told departments in nine other nearby counties, including Durham and Wake, to be on image analyze essay, the lookout for buy resume adonit, additional cases. The first cases were spotted the second week of April by a nurse at the Perdue poultry processing plant in Siler City. She noticed that two plant employees had developed rashes. By the following Monday, 13 more employees had developed the same rash, Sharpless said.
The nurse called the Chatham health department, which notified state officials. They ordered blood tests that showed the image analyze, workers had rubella. Since then, the county has held clinics at nine Chatham businesses where the work forces range from 20 percent to 80 percent Hispanic. The first one began at 5:30 a.m. April 19, when health care workers vaccinated 650 people at the Perdue plant. nantly Hispanic neighborhoods and trying to persuade everyone to get vaccinated.
Many Latinos have been receptive, said Melida Colindres, who has been helping the report, health department. But some have been fearful, especially those who come from rural areas where they had little or no contact with the health care system in their home countries. Image Analyze Essay? We have had to go to stream essays, their houses two or three times and image analyze essay, really convince them that this is a health issue and that they needed the vaccine and that their children needed the vaccine, Colindres said. It didn't take too long before the the county workers had exhausted themselves, as well as some of their medical supplies, according to Brenda Dunn, nursing supervisor for the Chatham County Health Department. They called on box book games, the March of Dimes, which agreed to provide syringes and other supplies.
They also requested assistance from the National Guard, which has sent in a team of medics to help give vaccinations. 8,000 vaccinations: The state is paying for the immunizations, which cost $8 each, according to Stefanie Groot, a spokeswoman for the state Division of Maternal and Child Health. So far, about 8,000 people have been vaccinated. According to the 1990 census, Chatham has a population of about 43,000 people. But health department officials estimate that 7,000 to 8,000 Hispanics have moved to Chatham, most of them since the image analyze essay, last census. With so many un-immunized people living in the area, and so many living and resume guide, working in close contact, health care workers said conditions were ripe for the rapid spread of the disease. Rubella passes through casual contact, as easily as a cold. It's like a chain reaction, a domino effect, said Sharpless, the state epidemiologist who is tracking the cases. You just need one sick person and a bunch of susceptibles to start an epidemic. In one case, health care workers found 31 men living in the same house and as many as four families living in a single trailer. In such conditions, disease can spread very quickly.
Health care workers have also found that some Hispanics are working at two or three jobs, bringing the image, disease from one job site to the next. Tracking this outbreak has been especially difficult for health care workers because an unknown number of the Hispanics in Chatham have come to the country without documentation. Many live in fear of being deported and are afraid to essays, speak with any government representative. Health care workers have gone out of their way to reassure people that they aren't going to be deported if they get the vaccine. Image Essay? We can usually get to other, the bottom of each case, but it does take an awful lot of reassuring them that we are a helping agency and image essay, not a threatening agency, said Dunn, the Chatham nursing supervisor.
The National Guard medics came in uniform the cereal, first day, but since then have been working in image essay, civilian clothes so that the Hispanics wouldn't be intimidated. Three-fourths Hispanic Dunn said roughly 75 percent of the people immunized so far by the Health Department have been Hispanic. With health care workers focusing their efforts on the Hispanic community, many have worried that Americans who are uneasy about immigration will use the epidemic as an excuse to hindu symbology essays, justify discrimination. The state has received two calls from North Carolinians who wanted to know why the image analyze, state was paying to vaccinate immigrants. Groot, with the bressay spa, state Division of Maternal and Child Health, said people need to realize that the rubella outbreak is image a public health issue, not an immigration issue. We're here to serve anyone who needs medical assistance, she said. Part of public health is containing disease - no matter where it originates or how it crops up. Biodiesel? We need to contain it to protect everyone.
For his part, Jesus Luna, a Mexican immigrant who has lived in Siler City for two years, appreciates the analyze, efforts that the for writer adonit, health department has been making. He was vaccinated two weeks ago when a team of analyze essay, health care workers came to the Townsend chicken processing plant where he works. The health department has a good team working with the Hispanics, he said. They told us it was very important to get vaccinated. People weren't aware of the danger. October 12, 1997. The News Observer.
Minority health concerns heard. Hindu Symbology Essays? By CATHERINE CLABBY; STAFF WRITER. More than 300 people took state officials up on their offer Saturday and came to analyze essay, Raleigh to propose ways to improve the health of North Carolina's racial minority residents. But they didn't talk much about medicine. Jobstar? Instead, in heated discussions in sterile meeting rooms at a Raleigh conference center they spoke long and loud about the social, economic and spiritual threats to people's well-being. They laid bare hostilities between races - especially African-Americans and Latinos - and voiced eloquent pleas to image analyze, set them aside. And they filled page after page of bright orange sheets with advice on how state officials could better help people struggling against odds that white North Carolinians do not live with. When they were done, they demanded action. I suggest we do this annually and check to see if the state follows up on other, the recommendations, Mary Beamon of the analyze, Wake County chapter of N.C. Fair Share suggested near the end of the day. If they don't, we can reiterate them.
Sentiment was strong because participants know that racial minorities are more likely to suffer from all sorts of health threats. Using an approach now popular in public health circles, staff members from the N.C. Office of Minority Health are seeking guidance from community leaders on how to do their jobs better. The men and women who arrived before breakfast at the Jane S. McKimmon Center and left just before dinner offered them an box book, earful, including feelings on the health threats posed by violence. Essay? Dr. Paul R. G. Cunningham, a surgeon and trauma director at the East Carolina University School of Medicine, has concluded that doctors must view violence as a public health threat.
That notion struck him after years of rushing mostly African-American and Latino young men into surgery to treat gunshot or knife wounds. Now he and other physicians are leaving the hospital grounds and volunteering in the community to try to prevent this plague. For a while I had become desensitized, he said. We had failed. Luis Alvarenga, director of the community group La Casa Multicultural, said the recent increase in robberies of Latinos in Durham is connected to other problems in the inner city. The street drug trade attracts armed thugs to thesis, poorer neighborhoods where Latino laborers live, he said. In every single neighborhood there is drug dealing going on, he said. That is bringing this viciousness in. At a session on environmental health risks encountered by people of color, Gary Grant, executive director of Concerned Citizens of Tillery, said poor towns and neighborhoods have become dumping grounds for image, polluting industries such as large-scale hog farms.
Caroline Whitehead Doherty of the N.C. Office of Rural Health said migrant workers are not the only people who don't have adequate access to hindu other, clean water. Rural residents who depend on wells frequently find their water supplies contaminated by agricultural runoff. Not all of them can afford to analyze essay, buy water every month, she said. By the end of the day, conference organizers had piles of stream, envelopes stuffed with the orange sheets. Participants, who came from across the state, suggested everything from eliminating the food tax to putting counseling stations next to police substations in poor neighborhoods.
Some were concerned that Gov. Image Analyze Essay? Jim Hunt hadn't attended what was billed as The Governor's Minority Health Conference. Barbara Pullen-Smith, director of the state's minority health office, assured people that Hunt would see their suggestions. A troubling current running through the gathering was the animosity between some African-Americans and jobstar resume guide, Latinos. Alvarenga, the Durham Latino organizer, didn't have to say that many of the robberies he was discussing were committed by blacks. Several people knew. Ava White, who farms with her husband in Robeson County, said that some African-Americans resent that government funding might be used to image, provide services to those Latinos who are not legal residents and don't pay taxes at the same rate they do. Cereal Box Book Report? In Spanish, with help from an image, interpreter, he thanked state health officials for bringing so many people together. He said much was accomplished by so much talk. But there was more work to be done.
I think this is like a rising flame. Bressay Spa? The commitment you have made is a seed in our heart, he said, working his way to the challenge. Essay? It is important that tomorrow be different than today. The racial division must end. Cereal Box Book Report Games? We don't do this for ourselves but for the future. Analyze Essay? Then, perhaps because of Melendez' respectful tone - or perhaps because of the biodiesel algae, weight of image, everything they shared - people cried. White, brown and black.
Health gap: Some statistics showing the health risks facing minorities compared with whites in North Carolina: - Minority babies in this state are twice as likely as white infants to die. The average life expectancy for minority adults is biodiesel from five years shorter. African-Americans and other minorities are six times more likely to develop AIDS. Minority men are 2 1/2 times more likely to die from essay, prostate cancer, and for writer, minority women are three times more likely to die of cervical cancer, which is easily treated when detected early. Minorities are 40 percent more likely to die from image essay, heart disease than whites. Appendix D: Documentation of the lack of access to appropriate health care faced by the Hispanic population in Durham.
The News Observer. Access to health care unequal in N. Carolina. By Ned Glascock; STAFF WRITER Page: A8. Hindu Essays? In North Carolina, the report from the Centers for Disease Control pointed to image analyze essay, disparities among whites, blacks and Hispanics in access to jobstar guide, health care in 1997. For instance, 12.8 percent of whites surveyed reported having no health-care coverage, compared to 20.4 percent of blacks and 21.4 percent for Hispanics. The percentage of all North Carolina respondents who lacked health care was 14.7 percent, slightly above the national median of 12 percent. The report also painted a portrait of Tar Heel health. A slightly higher percentage of North Carolinians surveyed were obese - 18.4 percent - than the national median, 16.6 percent.
About 16 percent of whites surveyed were considered obese, compared to nearly 30 percent of blacks and a quarter of Hispanics. Also, fewer North Carolinians in the survey exercised and drank alcohol than the U.S. median, but more smoked cigarettes. Image? Nearly 41 percent of Tar Heels surveyed had not exercised in the past 30 days, compared to the national median of 28 percent. About 38 percent of North Carolina respondents said they drink alcohol, while the national median was 53.5 percent. And 26 percent of North Carolinians surveyed smoked cigarettes, with the jobstar guide, national median pegged at 23.3 percent.
In North Carolina, the survey did not include enough respondents in two categories - American Indian or Alaska native and Asian or Pacific Islander - to tabulate statistically reliable results. For Hispanics, a category of ethnic origin that includes people of any race, only 82 respondents were contacted in North Carolina, just above the cutoff of essay, 50 required by the survey. The News Observer. FINAL WORD Page: A32. Falling through the cracks: We used to be able to access the School Health Fund occasionally for certain medical needs of Hispanic children without Medicaid. For Writer Adonit? But when the supplementary Medicaid program was funded, that money was rolled into the new program. So we now have no source of funds for these kids unless the doctor will donate his/her services. Some will, bless their hearts. But it is very hard to get dental care, glasses, lab tests this way. We hope the General Assembly will rethink the image analyze, qualifications for the Medicaid supplemental program so that children in need can be served. Migrant outreach worker Edgecombe County Schools.
The News Observer Report says Hispanics lacking in other essays, health care. By The Associated Press Page: A11. CHICAGO -- Hispanics lack medical coverage more than any other U.S. ethnic group, and the nation's fastest-growing minority suffers a higher share of ailments such as diabetes and AIDS, researchers say. Hispanics will comprise almost 11 percent of the image, population by the year 2010 and adonit, will be the nation's largest minority group, census figures project. Yet poverty, lack of image, medical insurance for many jobs they hold, and their minority status in health professions often effectively bar them from symbology other essays, good medical care, researchers say. The situation gets even more bleak as Hispanics adopt U.S. culture -- including its smoking and eating patterns, said a report today in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The issue is devoted entirely to the topic of Hispanic health. Image Analyze? Rates of symbology, diabetes among Hispanics run some three times higher than those among non-Hispanic whites, noted a journal editorial co-authored by Surgeon General Antonia C. Novello, the first Hispanic to hold that post.
Dr. Novello wrote with two staffers at the U.S. Public Health Service. Hypertension appears to be more prevalent, they said. Hispanic children suffer disproportionately from lead poisoning and measles. Injuries and violent death are also tragically elevated among Hispanic children.
Certain cancers also strike Hispanics at higher rates than non-Hispanic whites, as do tuberculosis, alcoholism, cirrhosis and infection with the image analyze essay, AIDS virus, according to the editorial and a report by the AMA's Council on Scientific Affairs. The impact of the bressay spa, AIDS epidemic in certain Hispanic communities has been alarming, the editorial said. Although representing only 8 percent of the total U.S. population, Hispanics constitute approximately 15 percent of analyze, all reported cases of AIDS in the United States. They said attacking the problem of intravenous drug abuse -- a major cause of bressay spa, AIDS virus infections in Hispanics -- was important. So is overcoming a well-known traditional resistance to acknowledging homosexuality in Hispanic communities, they said, because homosexual men account for a significant proportion of Hispanic AIDS victims. Essay? Also recommended were developing cooperative efforts on the U.S.-Mexican border to improve Hispanic health, collecting better data on the subject overall, and bressay spa, working harder to improve the health of Hispanic children. Analyze? A bright spot in the Hispanic health picture was in research on newborns, the editorial said. Despite relatively low family incomes, poor health insurance coverage, and low use of prenatal care, Mexican-American newborns have relatively low rates of for writer, death and analyze essay, of low-birth-weights when compared to non-Hispanic whites and to blacks. The News Observer. Latinos face health obstacles.
By JEN GOMEZ; STAFF WRITER. DURHAM -- The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers - including a language gap and lack of transportation - haven't made it an easy trip to the doctor's office. The key issue is the language barrier, said Mike McLaughlin, who conducted a study on Hispanic/Latino Health Issues through the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research. That was a clear finding, because if you can't communicate, it's pretty darn difficult to treat an bressay spa, illness. The study examined the issues health-care providers face when serving this young and fairly new ethnic group to analyze, North Carolina. Among other obstacles preventing low-income, immigrant Latinos from getting medical care: inadequate health insurance, lack of access to available benefits or services and transportation. For the bressay spa, study, more than 200 health-care providers in North Carolina were surveyed, with 94 percent of local health departments participating, McLaughlin said. The study found that although Latinos make up 2 percent of the state's population, the rate of Latinos getting care is image essay higher. In some health departments, Latinos made up 30 percent of the clientele being served.
In 1997-1998, Latinos comprised 22.6 percent of the total caseload at the Durham County Health Department. The study was financed by the Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust in Winston-Salem; its complete findings will be released in hindu symbology, mid-August. McLaughlin would only say: There was a clear thinking among local health-care providers that health care is a problem for image analyze, Hispanics in their communities. It's a situation that hasn't gone unnoticed among local Latino leaders and members of the medical community. To better connect Latinos with doctors and medical agencies, they will be offering a health fair for Latinos on Sunday. More than 50 agencies and health-care providers will be there. It will be a place where Latinos can easily learn plenty about their health and available services. Health is a great concern for the Latino population, said Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman for the state Department of Health and Human Services. Of the calls I get, I would say more than half of them are health-related. The fair will be from 3 to 6 p.m. in the gym and parking lot at bressay spa, Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, 810 W. Chapel Hill St.
It was organized by a long list of agencies and image essay, Latino groups including El Centro Hispano, Duke Hospital and the National Guard. A slew of services and information will be offered. Among them, screenings for cholesterol, hearing and vision will be provided. Along with booths with information on bressay spa, AIDS, infant car seats, healthier eating and CPR demonstrations. The effort was spearheaded by members of El Centro Hispano, a Durham group that with help from a city grant provides services for Latinos. Ivan Parra, director of El Centro, who regularly handles Latinos' questions about health care, said he hopes the fair will reach a large portion of the image analyze, community. Most people don't know about the (1-800-FOR-BABY) hot line for child care and prenatal services, Parra said. Most people don't know about services of the Red Cross in disaster situations. Latino leaders say they are upbeat about recent efforts among grass-roots groups and medical agencies to educate people about available services. An informative health fair was held last year at La Fiesta, a cultural and educational event held annually at biodiesel from algae, Chapel Hill.
Another one is being planned for the Sept. 18-19 festivities. I think it's a good source of information for people, McLaughlin said of the health fairs. Maybe on how to image, take care of themselves a little better, how to get care when they do, which can be difficult when you're a stranger in a strange land. Guide? Significant strides also have been made at hospitals and clinics, where bilingual personnel has been hired and paperwork is in Spanish. Andrea Bazan-Manson, a researcher at the state Office of Minority Health, was especially pleased to analyze, hear of the study, which she said was the first in-depth look at bressay spa, Latino health, because it also offered recommendations for image analyze, improving Latino health. I think the health-care systems in bressay spa, North Carolina have realized that this is a community that is growing and we need to image, start focusing on, Bazan-Manson said. A lot of them don't know what kind of services they can get.
The Latino community is becoming aware of the services and using them and resume guide, also paying for them. The News Observer. Hispanics less likely to have insurance, study finds. By THE WASHINGTON POST. Minority workers, and image analyze essay, especially Hispanic workers, are significantly less likely to have employer- provided health insurance than other workers in the same fields, according to a study from The Commonwealth Fund. Essays? The survey found that 37 percent of Hispanics with full-time jobs are not covered at image essay, work , compared with 20 percent of blacks and 12 percent of whites. Stream Of Consciousness Essays? Perhaps the most important lesson learned from the analysis is analyze essay that having a job does not equalize chances of obtaining health insurance coverage for guide, minority workers, the report concludes. This disparity suggests barriers to being insured beyond employment or having an image essay, employer that offers health insurance benefits. One likely barrier is the bressay spa, growing out-of-pocket cost of employer-sponsored coverage - expenses that minority workers are less able to afford. The Commonwealth Fund study, based on a 1997 federal survey of 62,500 households, found that minorities were less likely to have employer-provided health coverage than whites whether they worked in large, medium or small companies. Image? Recent health-care legislation will have little impact on minority health coverage rates, the report said.
To assist minority workers, more sweeping changes, including a larger public role, are almost certain to be necessary, it said. The News Observer. North Carolina is experiencing a wave of Hispanic immigration that shows no signs of resume guide, cresting and creates new challenges for public services, including health care. This week, The News Observer has teamed up with WRAL-TV and the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research for a special report on health care for Hispanics. The report is image based on a study, published this month in the center's magazine, Insight, on the obstacles that keep Hispanics and health care apart. On Saturday, tune into WRAL-TV at 7 p.m. for 30 Minutes, a weekly news magazine with host David Crabtree. Buy Resume For Writer? On Sunday, see the Q section in The NO. Appendix D: Time Chart of Activities Needed to Implement the Intervention. Appendix E:Time Chart of Activities to Build the Organizations Capacity to be Effective. Example 2: Rural Community Recreation Project: Increase Access to Technology for People with Disabilities.
Personal names and image analyze, addresses were removed at bressay spa, the project's request. Other identifying information such as specific program names have also been changed for example purposes. Title: Rural Community Recreation Project (RCRP) Grant application to: The Community Foundation Assistive Technology Program. Contact person: Executive Director. Image Analyze? Applicant organization : Assistive Technology Partnership (ATP) 501 (c) (3) organization. The mission of the Assistive Technology Partnership is to increase knowledge about and access to assistive technology and information technology for people with disabilities.
People with disabilities, families, and from algae, providers that serve people with disabilities. Project title: Rural Community Recreation Project. The Rural Community Recreation Project will address barriers to recreation participation faced by adults with disabilities. Assistive Technology Partnerships, in image, collaboration with multiple organizations, will promote inclusion, access, and availability of assistive technology used for recreation in two rural communities. Jobstar Guide? Project activities will include community mapping of image essay, local recreation resources, training related to assistive technology use, provision of algae thesis, assistive technology devices to community recreation sites, and information dissemination. Time frame: January 1, 2004 - December 31, 2005. Statement of the community problem.
Recreation is an important and desired aspect of life for image essay, people with and without disabilities, but people with disabilities often face barriers to participation. The lack of knowledge about existing resources, inaccessible facilities, lack of training by community recreation providers, and a lack of appropriate adaptive recreation equipment are significant barriers to desired recreation and community participation. A recent Harris Survey of Americans with Disabilities found that 69% of adults with disabilities report their disability prevents them in some way from getting around, attending cultural or sporting events, participating in hindu symbology, recreation, or socializing with friends outside their home. For individuals living in rural communities these barriers are even more exaggerated. In recent interviews, people with disabilities and community organizations discussed the barriers faced in the two sites selected for this project. Analyze Essay? A Rocky Mount citizen explained, In small communities, it is not that we just have a lot of buildings that someone can't get into, it is that people are in the dark ages and resume, don't even think of people with disabilities doing anything [swimming, sports, clubs, college, working].
Why should recreation participation be more difficult for people with disabilities? Why are there often few existing adaptive recreation programs that provide accessible and inclusive facilities and even fewer facilities that have the assistive technology often required for image, many individuals with disabilities to participate in specific self-determined recreation activities? If people with disabilities are able to find appropriate programs and/or necessary assistive technology they must often travel long distances. By focusing efforts on biodiesel thesis, increasing access to existing community resources, people with disabilities will not have to seek out specialized programs outside their home community - they can participate in their neighborhoods with family and friends. This project seeks to equip consumers and recreation providers with access to image analyze, assistive technology and the training necessary to achieve quality community recreation participation. The project will target two rural communities, Henderson and hindu symbology essays, Rocky Mount. Analyze? The Henderson area includes Vance County and extends into three neighboring rural counties - Granville, Franklin and Warren. Data suggests that this community may include as many as 131,542 residents. U.S. Census Bureau (1996) estimates indicate that 25,519 residents may have a disability.
The Rocky Mount area includes Edgecombe and jobstar resume guide, Nash counties and extends into Halifax and Wilson counties. For this community state data shows 267,063 residents and U.S. Census Bureau estimates 51,809 residents with a disability. Image? A lack of knowledge of recreation opportunities is one of the most common barriers to recreation participation among people with disabilities. Biodiesel Algae? Many people with disabilities simply don't know where to look for recreation opportunities, how to ask about essay, accessibility or programs and when and games, how to assert their rights. This project will begin to address this knowledge barrier by analyze, identifying recreation opportunities through the community mapping activities. Once people with disabilities know where to look for recreation opportunities, it is expected that recreation participation will increase. In addition, several factors contribute to the lack of inclusive recreation opportunities in rural communities. First, recreation professionals in rural areas are typically generalists with limited training and stream essays, exposure to inclusive recreation for people with disabilities. Though it may seem that these professionals show less initiative to address the needs of people with disabilities and include them in community programs, it is often a lack of training and awareness of these needs that is the analyze, barrier.
An aquatics director at a rural YMCA explained, I know I should want to hindu other essays, help more people, but I don't feel adequate enough in my skills. Similarly, a superintendent at analyze, a state park near Henderson showed surprise when first learning about assistive fishing gear and noting that he previously assumed that their $200,000 accessible fishing pier was sufficient. For Writer Adonit? Training and technical assistance project activities will address this barrier to participation by providing the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to analyze essay, support inclusive recreation opportunities. Resume? Secondly, rural recreation providers generally have less financial ability to analyze essay, acquire assistive technology required to make many recreation opportunities accessible to people with disabilities. Recreation providers and individuals may not know that equipment is available that enable active participation for people with disabilities, how to obtain the equipment, or how to use the equipment appropriately. Handcycles, sports wheelchairs, bowling ball ramps, and electronic fishing reels are just a few examples of equipment and games, assistive technology that can improve recreation participation.
Funds provided by this project will bring the financial resources into these rural communities to purchase assistive technology for recreation that they would not otherwise be able to afford. This equipment will remain in the community and image essay, benefit the community for years to come. PROJECT VISION, MISSION AND OBJECTIVES. The vision of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to increase recreation participation among people with disabilities. The mission of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to eliminate barriers to recreation participation for box book, adults with disabilities living in Henderson and analyze essay, Rocky Mount and surrounding areas by buy resume for writer, increasing awareness and access to recreation through assistive technology and training. Overall objectives for the project include the image analyze, following: An increase in symbology, the awareness of existing community resources and the benefits associated with participation in traditional and image analyze essay, nontraditional recreational opportunities and increased participation rates; An increase in cereal, the number of community recreational opportunities that are accessible, inclusive and have necessary adaptive equipment from which residents with disabilities may choose; An increase of knowledge by community recreation providers, resulting in more responsive and inclusive service provision to consumers with disabilities; An increase in the availability of assistive technology for recreation activities with increased recreation participation by individuals with disabilities; The development of community commitment to sustain project outcomes through the maintenance of assistive technology at community sites and image analyze, website.
The target population for this project is adults with physical or cognitive disabilities who have limited access to community recreation opportunities. Recreation providers are also a target population. Mobilizing human and material resources. The human and material resources are gained primarily from the lead project organization, the project staff and collaborators. Report? Together, they will implement the project. Image Analyze? The lead organization, Assistive Technology Partnership, is a private non-profit organization, established in jobstar resume, 1994. It operates with a 13-member board of image analyze essay, directors. Board members include individuals with disabilities, parents of children with disabilities in cereal box book report, addition to representatives from state agencies, businesses, and the medical and education community.
Having provided services in 100 counties, ATP has state-wide reach. ATP also has a mailing list of 5,000 individuals and organizations, important for the marketing and outreach of this project. ATP has received numerous grants and analyze, completed many successful projects. The executive director for ATP will serve as the project director for this project. Responsibilities will include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the stream of consciousness, project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations; coordination of site trainings; liaison with community network groups; oversight of contract employees; dissemination of image essay, information and reports; preparation of required reports; and coordination and oversight of AT mini grants.
The community mapping coordinator will be responsible for the community mapping process including the training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing format for the community resource web page, oversight of the programmer, data entry and web developer. The third member of the project staff is the training coordinator. Stream Essays? Responsibilities of the analyze, training coordinator include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. Numerous key stakeholders have been identified as collaborators in the project. Much of the success and sustainability of the project depends on these collaborators. An initial list of collaborators and their role in the project is as follows: Kerr Lake State Park has already begun building accessible facilities and has agreed to be a pilot site for training and placement of algae, assistive technology. Vance County Senior Center will provide space for essay, staff who will complete the community mapping phase of the project.
Sunrise Medical will provide trainers, equipment for demonstrations, and training and bressay spa, discounts on purchase of image analyze essay, recreation equipment. Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health will provide in kind staff support, involvement of local fitness councils and financial support through matching funds. Independent Living Program will disseminate information, identify participants and provide a recreation therapist for training. Rocky Mount Transit will provide additional transportation to recreation opportunities. The Center for Recreation and Disability Studies will provide in-kind training and staff support. Vance County Tourism will disseminate information.
Henderson/Vance County Chamber of Commerce will coordinate activities within the business community and add links to website. The project activities will take place in four phases with each building upon bressay spa, the other to achieve the project goals. Phase 1: Community resource mapping. Community resource mapping is an organized process through which communities can identify specific resource organizations or groups in the recreation sector. Approximately 50 resources will be identified in essay, each community. Each resource will be surveyed to find out more specific information about how to improve access for people with disabilities to recreation opportunities (e.g., through training, modifications and assistive technology). Bressay Spa? The surveyors will be community citizens, three at each site, who will be hired and trained to collect information from identified recreation providers. After surveys are completed, the information is entered into a database that will be used for the website and a resource directory. Image Essay? Phase 2: Training and technical assistance. Based on the information gathered during the community mapping, recreation providers will either be offered generic or specialized training. Generic training many include education about the Americans with Disabilities Act and access in recreation settings, disability awareness and best practices for inclusion.
Specialized training may include workshops, clinics, and experiential events to expose consumers and providers to a variety of cereal games, adaptive sports, activities and analyze essay, assistive technology and train providers for for writer, further replication. Phase 3: Assistive Technology Mini Grants. Recreation providers identified during the community mapping phase will be given an opportunity to apply for funding to purchase assistive technology. Essay? Funds will only be given to those providers who commit to maintaining and making the equipment available to people with disabilities beyond the two year grant period. Training will be provided to all mini grant recipients to ensure proper use of the assistive technology.
Phase 4: Information Dissemination. Results from the community mapping, training, and mini grant process will be made available to community members to encourage recreation participation. A searchable database containing community recreation information will be placed on for writer adonit, a website and a computer will be placed in each community in image analyze essay, a central, accessible location. A project manual also will be developed to serve as a tool for replication in other communities around the state. The following timetable includes major activities involved in each of the four phases of the project. The numbers along the stream of consciousness, top of the table represent each month of the project period. Image Essay? The evaluation process will be initiated at the onset of the project and biodiesel, conducted throughout the two-year period to measure: (1) the analyze, effectiveness of project methods, (2) timeliness of services, (3) consumer satisfaction, (4) accomplishment of buy resume for writer adonit, specific outcomes, and (5) replication potential. Several evaluation strategies will be used including choice response and open-ended questionnaires in pre/post evaluation at all trainings, log of website usage, quarterly evaluation of use of assistive technology after community placement, and a review of record keeping. The combination of these methods will provide process and outcome evaluation data. Plan for image essay, financial sustainability.
The involvement of collaborating organizations, specifically the involvement of the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health, is the long-term plan for sustainability and replication of the project. The project fits within the long range goals of the Council and buy resume for writer, its plan to increase funding to image essay, support similar projects. Staff and fringe benefits are for the Project Director (calculated at .40 FTE). Responsibilities include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and bressay spa, presentations to diverse audiences; coordination of site trainings; serving as a liaison with community network groups, overseeing contract employees, dissemination of information and reports, preparation of required reports, coordination and oversight of AT mini grants and consumer and family stipends. Consultants and Professional fees include services provided by all other staff. This includes the community mapping coordinator and evaluator who will work 300 hours in year 1 and 200 hours in year 2 at a rate of $30 per hour. Responsibilities will include coordination of the essay, community mapping process, training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing the adonit, format for community mapping web page and resource guide, oversight of the programmer, data entry, web developing, and project evaluation.
The training coordinator will work 400 hours in year 1 and 2 at a rate of $15.50 per analyze hour. Responsibilities will include identification of buy resume for writer adonit, training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. The community mapping surveyors include 6 individuals, 3 at each site, working 10 hours a week for a total of 12 weeks at a rate of $8.00 per hour. Clerical support is based on 8 hours per week. The web developer's rate is $65.00 per hour for a total of 50 hours in analyze, year 1 and 20 hours in year 2. Hindu? Specialized community trainings will utilize trainers that will be contracted to provide a workshop on a given topic.
The cost will be $500 per training for a total of 20 trainings in year 1 and 2. Travel is calculated at $ 0.325 per mile for community site visits for community mapping surveys and trainings, coordination and implementation of trainings, and collaboration. Project staff and contract employees will commute together when possible. Equipment is for image analyze, the purchase of high cost assistive technology items. Specific items will be determined based on bressay spa, community needs and requests through the mini-grant process. A computer also will be purchased and placed at each site so consumers and families will have increased access to the project website and Internet resources.
Supplies include basic office supplies used by project staff and community surveyors. The project also will purchase an array of low cost assistive technology items such as switches, foam, grips, etc. for use in each community as determined by specific needs. Printing and Postage will be used for dissemination and marketing purposes. Rent is for a portion of the Assistive Technology Partnership space used for the project. Meetings include stipends for consumers and families to analyze essay, attend training sessions to cover costs of travel and respite care. This amount also covers costs of refreshments at training sessions. Other: Phone expenses include all the bressay spa, phone line charges and phone cards used by community mapping surveyors. It also includes phone use for project staff.
Accessibility needs includes costs associated with interpreter services, materials in alternate formats or any other provisions that might be needed to analyze essay, ensure access of trainings for stream essays, people with disabilities.
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Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development. Your resume is an essential part of your job search toolkit and its importance should not be underestimated. You will need one for whatever kind of image analyze essay, job you are looking for. If written properly, it's the document that will move you to a job interview and potential employment. Do not approach the bressay spa, task of writing the resume lightly. By now you should have taken the time to identify your hard and image soft skills. If you cannot identify at least 20 job-related skills at this point, your first task is to revisit the Identifying Your Skills chapter and create your list. Be aware that your resume is never really done.
You have to customize it to match the qualifications and skills sought by employers for specific jobs. Job seekers start out at different points when preparing resumes. Biodiesel Algae. Some will have a resume a few months or a few years old. Others may have been employed for several years or decades and analyze don't have a current resume, or may have one saved somewhere in an old computer or in a file in their home office. Regardless of where you’re starting in writing a resume you first have to organize and store lots of other essays, different types of job-related information in image analyze, an electronic file. 1. Employment History — List all your jobs for the past 10 to 15 years in cereal report games, a reverse chronological order, with dates of employment and various positions held within various companies. If you have held a lot of analyze essay, jobs or have had a varied job career, list the last three or four jobs and skip your earlier career, or shorten it into a single line: “U.S.
Bank, Minneapolis, MN, teller, 2005-2010.” 2. Skills — Take the list of the hindu other, 20 job-related skills you identified using the information in analyze essay, Chapter 3. Future employers want to biodiesel from thesis, know what skills you displayed in image analyze, your work and whether those skills saved money, improved efficiency, led to a more motivated workforce, or whatever. Ask yourself these questions: What skills did I use in my previous positions? Are they important to the employers or jobs that I am considering? 3. Accomplishments/Achievements — Penelope Trunk, the job search author, encourages you to look at from algae thesis your past jobs and “list achievements, not job duties … anyone can do a job, but achievements show you did the job well.” A case in point is image analyze essay when a job seeker writes: “Managed two people and resume created a tracking system for marketing.” Instead, consider this: “Managed the analyze, team that built a tracking system to decrease marketing costs 10 percent.” The second example obviously sounds more impressive.
Using accomplishment statements helps the hiring authority understand how you made a positive impact on report, business operations or outcomes. Mark Zappa, who works at the Minnesota WorkForce Center, points out that an accomplishment can be an actual testimonial from a supervisor — a nice break from the usual standard resume information. An accomplishment statement might read: “Identified learning resources and developed productive partnerships within a closed, individual-driven department.” 4. Job Search Goals — Establish clear objectives for image your search. What kind of company do you want to work for? What size?
In what field? What sorts of jobs are you seeking? After you complete these steps, you’ll have a list of box book games, your previous job titles, dates of employment, the employer’s name and essay address and a list of at least 20 of your job-related hard and soft skills. A good resume has critical content elements that must be complete and compelling. There are a few general guidelines for showcasing your experience and skills on just one or two pages of text. Biodiesel Algae Thesis. Resumes are fairly predictable in features and information, but some choices have to be made.
They are not typically documents used to show off your innovative design or creative writing skills. The one exception to analyze, this rule might be if you're pursuing work in of consciousness essays, a creative field. Yet even then these resumes must remain cautiously creative. Now we're going to deconstruct a resume, section by section, and even line by line. We'll start at the top, end at the bottom. Don't worry about the final look or format of your resume just yet. Essay. Start with the stream of consciousness essays, core content. After you have this core information, you can fine tune or customize each resume for each job opening. This is called targeting your resume. There are two types of fonts, serif and sans serif. Serif fonts have tails or feet and sans serif fonts do not.
Use a serif font for your name because that style often looks more prominent. Image. For the rest of your resume, pick a font that's easy to guide, read in print and online. Resumes that use a sans serif font may scan better and subsequently look better when the employer retrieves them from their applicant tracking system database. Put your full first and last names on its own line at the top of the page. Choose your favorite professional-looking font. Analyze Essay. For ideas, look at the list to your left of common, readable fonts that work well for resumes. Bressay Spa. Your name can be in a different font than the essay, body of the resume.
Type your name in bold or CAPITAL LETTERS to make it stand out, and make it larger point type than the games, body of the resume. Your address should not contain abbreviations. Include all 10 digits of your landline phone or mobile number. It should be a number where you can be reached at all times. Use a professional personal email address. Some job seekers have an email address that is solely used for their job search. If applicable, also include your LinkedIn profile address.
You may hyperlink these links to make it easy for an employer to contact you by email. 1443 HireMe Lane. Employmentville, Minnesota 55555. Include an objective when you are pursuing a specific job goal and when you know the exact title of the position you are applying for. The objective statement helps target your resume. When applying for image analyze a specific job, use the title in biodiesel from algae thesis, your objective and even add the name of the essay, company as in the following example: Objective: Landscape Design Specialist at Creative Environments Inc. Some online job application forms and job posting websites require an objective statement.
Here are a few examples of objective statements that indicate precisely what kind of bressay spa, position the job seeker wants. Customer service representative Manufacturing sales representative Office manager Senior admissions and enrollment officer. Your resume should include an image effective Summary Section that briefly highlights your recent work experience (including industries you've worked in), applicable certifications, achievements and skills that best match the position for resume which you are applying. That means you'll have a customized Summary Section for each job you apply for. The summary should be slightly longer than the objective statement, containing two to four lines or a series of image, phrases and can be used instead or combined with an objective statement. Name this section Professional Summary, Professional Profile, Summary of Qualification, Career Summary or Career Profile. Below are two examples:
Objective: Landscape Architect. Summary: Certified and innovative Landscape Architect with extensive knowledge in construction, engineering and design. Recognized for creatively solving design and sustainability challenges, reducing project management expenses by 25 percent and having a positive, customer-focused attitude. Certified Nursing Assistant with over two years long-term care experience caring for elderly and resume vulnerable adults. Analyze Essay. Excellent client care; works well with bedridden, physically-challenged and symbology essays memory-impaired residents. Essay. Commended for superior safety and attendance record. Bressay Spa. Friendly, caring and compassionate, with excellent interpersonal communication skills.
Flexible: available days, evenings, weekends and holidays. Maintains confidential information. Include a skills section to quickly and effectively communicate your experience and make yourself stand out from image analyze other applicants. Match your skills (used in volunteer and paid positions) from the list you have already created with the of consciousness, requirements and preferences included in the job posting. Formats for skill lists include: 1. Bullet Point List with Results. Format your skill section as a list of bullet points- that is three lines to five lines long. Limit each entry to two lines. Choose action verbs that demonstrate responsibility. For example, managed, coordinated or designed. Vary the image analyze, action verbs that you choose.
This helps make your abilities sound more diverse and adds depth to your resume. Use the list of other, action verbs provided in this chapter and in the job opening itself for ideas. Review your list of accomplishment statements to image essay, quantify your results. 2. Grouping Skills by Topic. Consider grouping your skills as job-specific qualifications below headlines such as Accounting Qualifications, Consulting Qualifications or Teaching Qualifications. Relate your skills and bressay spa work within that profession, with perhaps a general skill or two. This format is often used to list your competency using computers. Employers presume that applicants are proficient with word processing, spreadsheet usage and email applications, but if these skills are listed in the job opening, include them on your resume, Consider listing specific names of image analyze essay, business applications (such as Excel 2010, SharePoint 2013 or Salesforce) or industry specific skills (such as CNC machine tools or types of CAD software). Use a bulleted list, three to from thesis, five lines long.
List your most recent employment first. A general standard is to chronologically list in reverse order the image essay, last three to four jobs or those you have had over the past 10 years. Name the employer, location, your official position and the years you worked there. If you have worked for only one employer in the last decade or more, show your recent promotions. If your job title did not change in the last decade you can still show job progression by showcasing how you took on more complex job tasks and increased responsibilities. How much information should you give about other essays, your past jobs? Focus on what you did and essay your accomplishments in various positions. Make your employment history sound more impactful by using action words such as maintained, led, worked, performed, developed, directed, established, functioned, monitored and adonit trained. Use bullet points and make your sentences one line. Sentence fragments like specialized in training employees to use proprietary software that resulted in a 15 percent reduction in data entry errors work fine.
List no more than four to analyze essay, six bullet points in describing your last job. Then use two to three points for cereal report games subsequent positions. Although contact information is typically given on an application or reference sheet, many resumes still list the employer name, city and state. Image Essay. Other job seekers might limit this information to keep the box book games, resume focused on analyze essay, skills, accomplishments and bressay spa qualifications that best match the image essay, job opening. Buy Resume Adonit. The choice is yours. There is no single standard that fits all situations. If you are a first-time job seeker or re-entering the workforce after a gap in employment, use this section to emphasize professional capabilities, but still include some past employment or volunteer history. Job seekers with established job search goals often seek out a volunteer opportunity that is a close match to the paid job that they want. If more of your skills and experience come from employment, list employment first and education last. Image Analyze Essay. List education first if you are a student, recent graduate, or pursuing a career with educational emphasis. Include the of consciousness, name of the image analyze, institution, location (city and state), graduation date or projected graduation date, degree(s) earned, field of study and cereal report GPA (if over 3.0).
If you haven't been to school in years, you can list education after your professional experience and skip the year you graduated to avoid potential age discrimination. You also can list relevant training or certifications that might impress employers or relate to the position you're applying for. For job seekers who did not graduate from undergraduate or graduate programs, a simple disclosure is best: Attended the University of Minnesota, 2010-2013. It shows you have ambition even though you didn't graduate. If you never went to analyze essay, college or finished high school you can list yourself as a high school graduate as long as you have a GED or another type of high school equivalency certificate. List the name of the school, school district or state where you earned the GED or high school equivalency certificate. Do not include an hindu education section if you did not finish high school and had no formal training either in school or from an employer. Individuals currently taking classes or pursuing a degree related to their job goal should include that information.
List the skills acquired, academic accomplishments and the projected date of image analyze essay, completion. List organizational memberships related to your job goal. Avoid using non-employer-related or controversial organizations. Don't mention specific religious or political affiliations or other potentially controversial groups unless they directly relate to biodiesel from thesis, the job you want. Include military experience on your resume as part of your work history. If you are targeting a job within the defense industry, feel free to use military jargon. Analyze. The defense industry likes candidates who understand the lingo. If you are targeting a job outside of the defense arena, you will need to civilianize your military language to show that your skills and stream experience match the employer's needs. See the image, Transferring Military Skills document for a list of military-to-civilian job skills. Volunteer experience can fill in any gaps in employment.
It can demonstrate responsibility and symbology essays help highlight skills that may not have been used in your work career. Served as an officer of the PTA? Or a coach at your children's school? That shows leadership, even if your career may not have offered you any opportunities in leadership roles. Include hobbies and analyze essay personal interests if they're employment-related, not controversial, and show skills and experience. Do not include your references or the phrase references available on request on the actual resume. It is assumed by employers that you will provide this information if requested.
Once an resume guide employer asks for your references, provide the names and image essay contact information of hindu other essays, three to five people who can speak favorably about your attributes. Let the employer know of analyze essay, any awards or recognition you have received (employee of the month, industry awards, and so forth). Those are accomplishments worthy of buy resume for writer adonit, mention. Targeted resumes are a necessity for most job openings. Why? Busy employers and networking contacts plus improved technology have changed the way resumes are written and used in a job search. Your resume has to communicate a lot of information in image essay, the 10-second glance it gets from a networking contact or a prospective employer.
If the employer uses an applicant tracking system (ATS) it first has to successfully pass electronic screening and resume ranking before it is read by the hiring authority. Stream Of Consciousness Essays. Your resume might be in for a rocky trip before you are selected for analyze essay an interview for a job opening. It takes more time to bressay spa, write a targeted resume that includes important keywords, but it is well worth the effort. Use keywords such as industry jargon and words commonly found in titles of jobs for positions you are applying for. The keywords in your targeted resume will help you stand out in an ATS because it's set up to image, identify specific skills of hindu other, applicants. Essay. These software programs help an employer identify individuals with certain traits and from backgrounds that fit job openings. Many of these systems accept more resume copy than you typically can fit on a one- or two-page resume. Image Analyze. Use this opportunity to include more of hindu symbology other essays, your relevant experience and skills.
Avoid putting keywords in white around the margins of your resume because eventually, your ATS resume will be read by analyze hiring decision makers. An ATS allows companies to avoid having to look at hundreds of resumes, many from people poorly qualified. If the buy resume for writer adonit, targeted position is unavailable, your resume may be stored in another section of the ATS database called a Talent Management System. Highlight your desire for a specific job and to be considered for essay other related openings in your cover letter. That gives your resume a chance to biodiesel algae, be found in the Talent Management System later and indicates the flexibility many employers seek. You have all the image analyze, core content to build an attractive and bressay spa multipurpose targeted resume. Use any one of a number of resume templates to create a visually pleasing and easy to read resume document. After you have completed the resume, you will have the flexibility to essay, distribute your resume in plain text, save it as a PDF, send it as an email attachment, cut and paste sections of it for online job applications, or print it for networking meetings, postal-mail job applications or an stream of consciousness essays interview. Your targeted resume with keywords should be used when you have a networking contact meeting or cold-call prospective employers.
If you have worked in an industry, your resume will showcase your knowledge of essay, that industry's keywords. If you are changing careers, looking for an entry-level job or re-entering the workforce, you'll need to research a specific employer's or an hindu symbology other essays industry's needs. Image. Sources of information include company websites, position descriptions, employer profiles on social media sites, industry publications, other networking contacts and informational interviews. Bressay Spa. Use this information to image, adjust your skills and experience content to fall within the needs of the employer or industry. Your targeted resume will quickly and effectively communicate your experience, skills and job search goals to a networking contact or prospective employer.
Giving networking contacts your resume containing targeted content helps your contacts better understand what they can do for you. Essays. These contacts are pipelines to what is called a warm referral - that personal connection to another contact or an employer who has a job opening. Networking is strongly advocated by image analyze essay job search experts because personal contact has a history of leading to a new job. When applying for a job, you will fine tune your targeted resume to mirror the requirements of that specific job opening. Your content must include not only your relevant experience and skills that the employer wants, but the keywords used in the job opening announcement. Your job is to show that your qualifications and experience match what the employer is seeking because employers look for hindu symbology other resumes where the applicant has all (or nearly all) of the image analyze, qualifications and experience that are in adonit, the job posting. Start by image essay carefully reading the job posting.
Job postings tend to follow a pattern. Employers usually summarize the job responsibilities followed by the required and preferred qualifications for stream all applicants. Look for the most important requirements at the top of the job posting and the least important at image analyze the bottom. Cereal Box Book Report Games. Targeted resumes that use the same words that the employer used to summarize the analyze essay, job responsibilities, qualifications and bressay spa skills have a better chance of moving forward through an ATS or a manual candidate screening process. Resumes should be sent to a specific person.
Use their name. Essay. Avoid sending the resume to a job title such as Production Manager. It will take extra effort, but do your research and jobstar guide find out the name and title of the image analyze essay, appropriate person to whom your resume should be sent. If asked, send your resume to human resources. Then also send a resume to resume guide, the person in image essay, charge of the cereal report, department in which you want to work. Most of the time, human resources do the screening, but it's the department manager who is the final hiring authority. When mailing your resume, always send it with a cover letter. Mass-mailing your resume to employers does not work. The statistics are that for every 1,000 resumes you send to employers you can expect to essay, get two interviews. Target a smaller pool of employers instead of buy resume for writer, haphazardly mass mailing to image essay, a random list of names.
Follow up your resume submissions with a phone call to the employer. Be courteous, professional and persistent about selling your qualifications. Be sure to ask for stream essays an interview. When directly contacting employers, always have a copy of your resume available and take the initiative to offer it to them. Always bring extra copies of your resume when directly contacting employers.
When applying for a job with a paper employment application, attaching your resume is analyze a good idea. The resume will add impact and should complement the application. If you're asked to fill out an application, never write on it See resume. Filling out the entire application is still required. Give a copy of your resume to your references. It provides them with information about you and will help them to talk to of consciousness essays, an employer about your qualifications. Hand or send emailed copies of image, your resume to of consciousness, all networking contacts. Analyze. It's an excellent ice breaker to use the resume as a center for discussing your qualifications. Ask your contacts to critique your resume. Finally, follow-up, follow-up, follow-up. It's no use mailing resumes if you don't take the time to try to directly speak to companies.
The true test of an effective resume is that you're offered interviews. If you aren't getting responses or interviews from your resume, you may want to re-evaluate it. View the samples/templates below to create your own resume: Use our checklist to make sure you've covered everything.
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Image Analysis - Essay
Analysis of Angels and Demons Essay. 1.) The main setting takes place in the beautiful, elegant, religious, Vatican City. The story pretty spread out throughout the Vatican in image churches, especially St. Peter's Basilica, museums, the pope's hidden passageways, offices, and a lot of other interesting places. Vatican City is a beautiful city where an abundant amount of faithful living Catholics are located. This city is of consciousness also where Christianity originated.
In the middle of the entire city lies the most famous church in the entire world, St. Peter's Basilica. St. Peters is where a lot of important plot factors happen, so it is an important part of the image analyze essay novel. Also, there are an abundant show more content 6.) The main conflict of the jobstar novel is that an Illuminatus stole the antimatter from CERN (Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire) and essay, hid it inside Vatican City. The antimatter is stored in jobstar resume guide a canister which lies on a console which continually charges the battery powered magnetic field that prevents the antimatter from touching matter. When this canister is taken off the console, the essay battery can live It goes without saying that there are many many people who do not believe in God, yet they certainly believe in angels The idea of angels helps us to accept the reality of God and His Heaven. In our culture, where we tend to hear a lot about God and Heaven, the belief that there are angels who come from a place called heaven, helps us to accept the reality of the spiritual realm as well as accept the idea of from algae, God’s love and goodness. After all, if we believe that there are these creatures Angels and Demons by Dan Brown Essay. Browns sophisticatedly gives way to a whole new world of analyze, underground secret societies and symbology other, well known and documented art where the only option is to open your eyes and let your mind explore a world teeming below the everyday surface.
Angels and Demons starts with Langdon awakened one day by cryptic caller whom he thinks is an admirer. After hanging up, Langdon gets a fax from the same mysterious person, which is a photo of a dead man with an cryptic message carved into his chest that reads The Demon Lover, An Analysis Essay. was reported missing and presumed dead. At thirty two she met and married her current husband and had children. Now, it seems that the demon wants his fiance to analyze keep her promise. Bowen may have chosen to give her the last name of Drover, because a drover is buy resume someone who herds animals to market and it seems as though her fate will meet the same demise as the demon takes her away. Mrs. Drovers internal conflict occurred when she did not come through on the promise that she made and now, it seem she Essay on Analysis and image essay, Interpretation of cereal box book, No Angel. their lives. The mood in the story is very dark, which is analyze not very surprising given the obvious theme of death. There is a definite use of supernatural elements through the hindu symbology whole story. The main character experiences what we might call ghosts, or angels. Image. She handles it very calmly, though, which must be because she is still mourning the loss of her family, and when her father comes back for her, she can’t be angry or Angels and Demons by bressay spa, Dan Brown Essay.
Also, the third person point of view can let the reader invade the characters minds by telling them their thoughts, beliefs, and opinions. For example, if a complex situation has risen, this point of view can give the reader various options on which the situation can be handled. Another advantage of third person is that the essay author can give details and hindu symbology other essays, information that other point of views cannot, causing the analyze reader to have a futuristic thought of what might happen next. 4.) The protagonist of Angels: Messengers of God Essay examples. believe that there are angels, demons, djinni, or genies. Angels and symbology, demons play their typical roles however the djinni and the genies can either be on image essay the side of the angels or the side of the demons. There are a lot of times people believe they see angels. Algae Thesis. They have such interesting experiences as near death experiences, crossing over, and revelations from God that sometimes appear as dreams and image, other subconscious things. There are many people who claim to have seen angels.
These people are very Literary Analysis on the Demon Lover Essay. “The driver braked to what was almost a stop, turned round, and slid the glass panel back: The jolt of this flung Mrs. Drover forward till her face was almost into bressay spa the glass. Through the essay aperture driver and passenger, not six inches between them, remained for an eternity eye to eye… After that she continued to buy resume for writer scream freely… as the taxi, accelerating without mercy, made off with her into the hinterland of deserted streets.”(5) The “punishment” or the end of the story may be that her lover from essay before Essay about cereal box book, The role of angels in christianity. Angels. The lowest ranking and often used to communicate divine messages to humanity. (Wikipedia.org) A fallen angel, often referred to a demon in Christian Theology is an angel who has been exiled or banished from Heaven.
This banishment is a punishment for disobeying or rebelling against image analyze essay, God as described in Revelation 12 relating to the war in heaven, the from algae thesis book of analyze essay, Jude v6 also states that angels did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their home and are now reserved in darkness The focus of this paper will be on the angels of heaven who make up the heavenly hierarchy and the fallen angles of hell. The creation of the angelic hierarchy is attributed to Pseudo-Dionysius. St Ambrose is responsible for the categories of angels which were taken from traditions whose origins are lost in time (Bloom 59). There are three hierarchies, each with three orders. Buy Resume Adonit. The Upper Triad: Seraphim, Cherubim, and Thrones. The Middle Triad: Dominations, Virtues, and Powers. Image Analyze Essay. The Lowest again, shows angels as watchmen over a flock. Its very evident that God and the angels have been guarding and watching us from hindu symbology many other stories as well that don’t even describe angles or note their presence. Daniel in the lions den is analyze a very good example because through Daniel being saved, a king and his people were converted to Christianity.
So God and the angels have a big part to do with the cereal box book games bible and our everyday lives with keeping us safer than we think we might be. Therefore angels played 2 very
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Image Analysis Essay
college paper guide Journal-Style Scientific Paper. The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities. One reason for analyze essay, using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than the first, is that this format allows the paper to adonit be read at image analyze essay several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to find out what information is available on a subject. Of Consciousness? Others may read only titles and Abstracts . Image Analyze? Those wanting to buy resume for writer go deeper may look at the Tables and Figures in the Results , and so on. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and image analyze essay, conclusions.
Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. This is the system we will use. This website describes the hindu, style, content, and format associated with each section. The sections appear in essay a journal style paper in the following prescribed order: Section of Paper. What did I do in bressay spa a nutshell? What is the problem? How did I solve the problem? What did I find out? What does it mean?
Who helped me out? Whose work did I refer to? Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized , centered at the beginning of the image essay, section, and double spaced from the lines above and below. Do not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end. Example of a main section heading: Subheadings: When your paper reports on more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize the presentation.
Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in each word), left justified, and either bold italics OR underlined . Example of cereal report games a subheading: Effects of Light Intensity on the Rate of Electron Transport. Title, Authors' Names, and Institutional Affiliations. 1. Function : Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the essay, contents of the paper. Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the content of your paper: the molecule studied, the organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a field site, the response measured, etc.
A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in the title. The title should be centered at of consciousness essays the top of page 1 (DO NOT use a title page - it is a waste of paper for our purposes); the title is NOT underlined or italicized . the image essay, authors' names (PI or primary author first) and institutional affiliation are double-spaced from and centered below the title. Of Consciousness Essays? When more then two authors, the names are separated by commas except for analyze, the last which is separated from the previous name by the word and. Ducks Over-Winter in Colorado Barley Fields in Response to. Increased Daily Mean Temperature. Ima Mallard, Ura Drake, and Woodruff Ducque. Department of Wildlife Biology, University of Colorado - Boulder. The title is not a section, but it is necessary and jobstar guide, important. The title should be short and unambiguous, yet be an adequate description of the work.
A general rule-of-thumb is essay, that the title should contain the key words describing the work presented. Remember that the title becomes the basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. Stream Essays? For example, in analyze essay a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be: Why? It is very general, and could be referring to any of a number of mouse behaviors. Hindu Symbology Essays? A better title would be : The Effects of Estrogen on analyze the Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in stream essays Mice. Why? Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism.
If possible, give the key result of the study in the title, as seen in the first example. Similarly, the image, above title could be restated as: Estrogen Stimulates Intensity of buy resume Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. 1. Function : An abstract summarizes, in one paragraph (usually), the major aspects of the entire paper in the following prescribed sequence: the question(s) you investigated (or purpose), ( from essay Introduction ) state the purpose very clearly in the first or second sentence. the experimental design and methods used, ( from jobstar resume Methods ) clearly express the basic design of the study. Name or briefly describe the basic methodology used without going into image, excessive detail-be sure to indicate the key techniques used. the major findings including key quantitative results , or trends ( from Results ) report those results which answer the questions you were asking identify trends, relative change or differences, etc. a brief summary of your interpetations and stream essays, conclusions . Image Analyze Essay? (from Discussion ) clearly state the implications of the answers your results gave you. Whereas the Title can only make the biodiesel from algae thesis, simplest statement about the content of your article, the Abstract allows you to elaborate more on image analyze each major aspect of the other essays, paper. The length of image analyze your Abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for journals.) Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e. purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible. The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper, or it may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in published abstracts. Bressay Spa? Therefore, enough key information (e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.) must be included to make the Abstract useful to image someone who may to reference your work. How do you know when you have enough information in your Abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to guide imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting.
If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? 2. Image Analyze? Style : The Abstract is ONLY text. Use the active voice when possible, but much of it may require passive constructions. Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and bressay spa, get to the point quickly. Use past tense . Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in a single paragraph. The Abstract SHOULD NOT contain: lengthy background information, references to other literature, elliptical (i.e., ending with . ) or incomplete sentences, abbreviations or terms that may be confusing to readers, any sort of illustration, figure, or table, or references to them. 3. Strategy : Although it is the first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the analyze, paper. To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from each section and put them in a sequence which summarizes the jobstar guide, paper.
Then set about image analyze essay, revising or adding words to make it all cohesive and clear. As you become more proficient you will most likely compose the for writer, Abstract from scratch. 4. Check your work : Once you have the image analyze essay, completed abstract, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what is written in the paper. Confirm that all the information appearing the abstract actually appears in the body of the paper. 1. Function : The function of the Introduction is for writer, to: Establish the image analyze essay, context of the work being reported. This is accomplished by from discussing the relevant primary research literature (with citations) and summarizing our current understanding of the problem you are investigating; State the analyze, purpose of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated; and, Briefly explain your rationale and approach and, whenever possible, the possible outcomes your study can reveal. Quite literally, the Introduction must answer the guide, questions, What was I studying ? Why was it an image essay, important question? What did we know about it before I did this study? How will this study advance our knowledge? 2. Jobstar? Style : Use the active voice as much as possible.
Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo it. 3. Structure : The structure of the Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle - the broadest part at the top representing the most general information and focusing down to essay the specific problem you studied. Guide? Organize the information to present the image analyze, more general aspects of the topic early in the Introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your statement of jobstar resume purpose and rationale. Image Analyze? A good way to get on track is to sketch out the Introduction backwards ; start with the specific purpose and stream, then decide what is the analyze, scientific context in which you are asking the bressay spa, question(s) your study addresses. Once the essay, scientific context is decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the bressay spa, Introduction should begin. Here is the information should flow in image analyze essay your Introduction: Begin your Introduction by resume clearly identifying the subject area of interest. Do this by using key words from your Title in the first few sentences of the image analyze, Introduction to get it focused directly on topic at the appropriate level. Biodiesel From Algae? This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general. For example, in the mouse behavior paper, the words hormones and behavior would likely appear within the first one or two sentences of the Introduction. Establish the context by providing a brief and balanced review of the pertinent published literature that is available on the subject.
The key is to summarize (for the analyze, reader) what we knew about the hindu symbology other essays, specific problem before you did your experiments or studies. Analyze Essay? This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in greater detail later in the Discussion. The judgment of cereal box book what is general or specific is difficult at first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of your audience. In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the essay, Introduction at the level of mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to stream mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of image behavior. Hindu Symbology Other Essays? Lead the reader to image your statement of purpose/hypothesis by focusing your literature review from the more general context (the big picture e.g., hormonal modulation of buy resume for writer behaviors) to the more specific topic of interest to you (e.g., role/effects of analyze reproductive hormones, especially estrogen, in modulating specific sexual behaviors of bressay spa mice.) What literature should you look for in your review of what we know about the problem? Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the journals that publish original research articles. Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is considered fundamental or common knowledge wqithin the discipline. Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study. Learn, as soon as possible, how to find the primary literature (research journals) and review articles rather than depending on reference books.
The articles listed in the Literature Cited of analyze essay relevant papers you find are a good starting point to from algae thesis move backwards in a line of inquiry. Most academic libraries support the Citation Index - an analyze essay, index which is useful for tracking a line of inquiry forward in buy resume for writer adonit time. Some of the newer search engines will actually send you alerts of new papers that cite particular articles of interest to you. Review articles are particularly useful because they summarize all the research done on essay a narrow subject area over a brief period of thesis time (a year to image a few years in most cases). Be sure to clearly state the purpose and /or hypothesis that you investigated. When you are first learning to of consciousness essays write in this format it is okay, and actually preferable, to image analyze essay use a pat statement like, The purpose of this study was to. Biodiesel From Algae Thesis? or We investigated three possible mechanisms to explain the . (1) blah, blah..(2) etc. It is most usual to image essay place the statement of purpose near the end of the Introduction, often as the topic sentence of the final paragraph. Stream? It is analyze, not necessary (or even desirable) to use the hindu symbology other essays, words hypothesis or null hypothesis, since these are usually implicit if you clearly state your purpose and expectations. Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to the problem studied. For example: State briefly how you approached the problem (e.g., you studied oxidative respiration pathways in isolated mitochondria of cauliflower).
This will usually follow your statement of purpose in the last paragraph of the image, Introduction. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? What are the scientific merits of this particular model system? What advantages does it confer in answering the particular question(s) you are posing? Do not discuss here the jobstar resume, actual techniques or protocols used in your study (this will be done in the Materials and Methods); your readers will be quite familiar with the usual techniques and approaches used in your field. If you are using a novel (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the merits of the new technique/method versus the previously used methods should be presented in the Introduction. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials . 1. Image Analyze? Function : In this section you explain clearly how you carried out hindu other essays your study in the following general structure and organization (details follow below): the the organism(s) studied (plant, animal, human, etc.) and, when relevant, their pre-experiment handling and care, and when and where the study was carried out image analyze essay ( only if location and for writer adonit, time are important factors); note that the term subject is used ONLY for human studies. if you did a field study , provide a description of the study site , including the significant physical and biological features, and the precise location (latitude and longitude, map, etc); the experimental OR sampling design (i.e., how the experiment or study was structured.
For example, controls, treatments, what variable(s) were measured, how many samples were collected, replication, the final form of the image essay, data, etc.); the protocol for collecting data , i.e., how the experimental procedures were carried out, and, how the data were analyzed (qualitative analyses and/or statistical procedures used to determine significance, data transformations used, what probability was used to decide significance, etc). Organize your presentation so your reader will understand the logical flow of the experiment(s); subheadings work well for this purpose. Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time. The experimental design and biodiesel from algae thesis, procedure are sometimes most efficiently presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to split them up. In general, provide enough quantitative detail (how much, how long, when, etc.) about your experimental protocol such that other scientists could reproduce your experiments.
You should also indicate the analyze essay, statistical procedures used to buy resume for writer adonit analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0.05 probability). 2. Image? Style : The style in this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment. Buy Resume For Writer? You may use the essay, active voice to from thesis a certain extent, although this section requires more use of third person, passive constructions than others. Essay? Avoid use of the first person in this section. Buy Resume For Writer? Remember to use the past tense throughout - the essay, work being reported is done, and was performed in other the past, not the future. The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in your lab manual.
Describe the image, organism(s) used in the study. This includes giving the (1) source (supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected), (2) typical size (weight, length, etc) , (3) how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, (4) how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment. Jobstar? In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. Image Analyze Essay? For some studies, age may be an important factor. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants? FOR FIELD STUDIES ONLY : Describe the site where your field study was conducted. The description must include both physical and bressay spa, biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. Include the date(s) of the study (e.g., 10-15 April 1994) and the exact location of the study area.
Location data must be as precise as possible: Grover Nature Preserve, ½ mi SW Grover, Maine rather than Grover Nature Preserve or Grover. When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: these can be obtained using handheld GPS units, OR, from essay web resources such as Google Earth( TM ) and MapQuest( TM ). It is often a good idea to include a map (labeled as a Figure) showing the study location in relation to stream essays some larger more recognizable geographic area. Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. NOTE: For laboratory studies you need not report the date and location of the study UNLESS it is necessary information for someone to image analyze essay have who might wish to repeat your work or use the same facility. Most often it is not . Bressay Spa? If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility. Describe your experimental design clearly. Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls , treatments , variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured , what form the data take, etc. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number (e.g., use 2.5% NaCl rather than test 1.) When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to image analyze essay help organize your presentation by experiment. A general experimental design worksheet is available to from thesis help plan your experiments in the core courses.
Describe the procedures for your study in image analyze essay sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. Foremost in your description should be the quantitative aspects of your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc., that another scientist needs in order to duplicate your experiment. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures (e.g., serial dilution) or equipment used (e.g., autopipetter) since other scientists will likely be familiar with them already. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by stream vendor name and brand or category (e.g., ultracentrifuge vs. Image Analyze Essay? prep centrifuge), particularly if they are not commonly found in most labs. It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the biodiesel algae, source (vendor) and catalog number for reagents used, e.g., . poly-L-lysine (Sigma #1309) . When using a method described in another published source, you can save time and words by providing the essay, relevant citation to the source.
Always make sure to jobstar resume describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. NOTE : Very frequently the experimental design and image, data collection procedures for an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together. Bressay Spa? If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the image, experimental design when describing the of consciousness essays, data collection procedure(s), likely you can combine them and be more concise. NOTE : Although tempting, DO NOT say that you recorded the data , i.e., in your lab notebook, in the Methods description. Of course you did , because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations. Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed. Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses (usually hypothesis tests) were employed to answer each of the image analyze essay, questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance. The information should include:
Statistical software used : Sometimes it is necessary to report which statistical software you used; this would be at the discretion of your instructor or the journal; how the data were summarized (Means, percent, etc) and how you are reporting measures of hindu variability (SD,SEM, 95% CI, etc) this lets you avoid having to repeatedly indicate you are using mean ± SD or SEM. which data transformations were used(e.g., to correct for normal distribution or equalize variances); statistical tests used with reference to the particular questions, or kinds of questions, they address. Image Analyze? For example, A Paired t-test was used to hindu other essays compare mean flight duration before and image analyze essay, after applying stablizers to buy resume for writer the glider's wings. One way ANOVA was used to image compare mean weight gain in weight-matched calves fed the three different rations. Comparisons among the three pH treatment groups for each variable were done using one way ANOVA (with Tukey's post hoc test) or a Kruskal-Wallis Test (with Dunn's post hoc test).
any other numerical (e.g., normalizing data) or graphical techniques used to buy resume for writer analyze the essay, data what probability ( a priori ) was used to report decide significance ; usually reported as the Greek symbol alpha. Image Analyze Essay? NOTE: You DO NOT need to say that you made graphs and tables. Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. Problem : The Methods section is prone to resume guide being wordy or overly detailed. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action ; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: Problematic Example : This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure. It is essay, characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details.
The petri dish was placed on the turntable. Thesis? The lid was then raised slightly. An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. Analyze? The loop was moved lightly back and forth over the agar to stream spread the image analyze essay, culture. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Improved Example : Same actions, but all the bressay spa, important information is given in image analyze a single, concise sentence. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. Each plate was placed on a turntable and streaked at opposing angles with fresh overnight E. coli culture using an inoculating loop. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for algae, 24 hr. Best: Here the image analyze, author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information.
The two sentences have been combined because they are related actions. Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight E. coli culture and buy resume for writer adonit, incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Problem : Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood. Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and analyze essay, Site 2 are completely meaningless out of box book report games context and difficult to follow in context. Problematic example : In this example the image, reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to of consciousness essays some previous point in essay the Methods. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of Tubes 1,2, and 3 immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and bressay spa, every 2 min. Image? thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at Time 0 and at stream essays the end of the analyze essay, experiment. Improved example: Notice how the substitution ( in red ) of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both in the context of the paper, and if taken out of context. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of the reaction mixtures exposed to light intensities of 1500, 750, and 350 uE/m2/sec immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. Cereal Box Book? thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. The A 600 of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment. 1. Function : The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key results, without interpretation, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures).
The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed. Image Essay? Summaries of the statistical analyses may appear either in the text (usually parenthetically) or in the relevant Tables or Figures (in the legend or as footnotes to the Table or Figure). The Results section should be organized around Tables and/or Figures that should be sequenced to biodiesel algae thesis present your key findings in a logical order. The text of the Results section should be crafted to follow this sequence and highlight the evidence needed to answer the questions/hypotheses you investigated. Image Analyze Essay? Important negative results should be reported, too. Authors usually write the for writer adonit, text of the image analyze essay, results section based upon jobstar resume the sequence of Tables and Figures. 2. Style : Write the essay, text of the Results section concisely and objectively. The passive voice will likely dominate here, but use the box book report, active voice as much as possible. Use the past tense . Image Analyze Essay? Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Do not interpret the data here. Hindu Other? The transition into image essay, interpretive language can be a slippery slope.
Consider the following two examples: This example highlights the trend/difference that the author wants the reader to focus: The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages (Fig. Hindu Symbology Other Essays? 2). Seeds exposed to the 2-day treatment had the highest cumulative germination (84%), 1.25 times that of the 12-h or 5-day groups and 4 times that of controls. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by referring to optimality (a conceptual model) and tieing the observed result to that idea:
The results of the germination experiment (Fig. 2) suggest that the optimal time for running-water treatment is image analyze essay, 2 days. This group showed the highest cumulative germination (84%), with longer (5 d) or shorter (12 h) exposures producing smaller gains in germination when compared to essays the control group. Things to consider as you write your Results section: What are the results? : When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by image collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena. Those observations are then analyzed to yield an answer to the question. In general, the answer is the bressay spa, key result. The above statements apply regardless of the complexity of the analysis you employ. So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and simple calculations of means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of statistical tests. You instructor will tell you the level of analyze essay analysis that is for writer, expected. For example, suppose you asked the question, Is the average height of male students the same as female students in a pool of image analyze randomly selected Biology majors ? You would first collect height data from large random samples of male and female students.
You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for of consciousness essays, those samples (mean, SD, n, range, etc) and plot these numbers. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on average, 12.5 cm taller than female majors; this is the answer to image analyze the question. Notice that the outcome of a statistical analysis is not a key result, but rather an analytical tool that helps us understand what is our key result. Differences, directionality, and magnitude : Report your results so as to provide as much information as possible to the reader about the nature of differences or relationships. Biodiesel Algae Thesis? For eaxmple, if you testing for differences among groups, and you find a significant difference, it is not sufficient to simply report that groups A and B were significantly different. How are they different? How much are they different? It is image, much more informative to say something like, Group A individuals were 23% larger than those in Group B, or, Group B pups gained weight at twice the rate of Group A pups.
Report the direction of stream differences (greater, larger, smaller, etc) and the magnitude of differences (% difference, how many times, etc.) whenever possible. See also below about use of the word significant. Organize the results section based on the sequence of Table and Figures you'll include. Prepare the analyze essay, Tables and Figures as soon as all the data are analyzed and arrange them in the sequence that best presents your findings in a logical way. A good strategy is to note, on a draft of each Table or Figure, the one or two key results you want to addess in the text portion of the Results.
Simple rules to follow related to biodiesel algae Tables and Figures: Tables and Figures are assigned numbers separately and in the sequence that you will refer to image analyze essay them from the text. The first Table you refer to hindu symbology essays is Table 1, the next Table 2 and so forth. Similarly, the first Figure is Figure 1, the next Figure 2, etc. Each Table or Figure must include a brief description of the results being presented and image analyze, other necessary information in a legend. Table legends go above the Table ; tables are read from top to bottom. Figure legends go below the stream of consciousness essays, figure ; figures are usually viewed from bottom to top. Fig. 1 . Table is never abbreviated, e.g., Table 1 . The body of the Results section is a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the image essay, Tables and Figures. The text should guide the other, reader through your results stressing the key results which provide the image analyze essay, answers to the question(s) investigated. A major function of the box book games, text is to provide clarifying information.
You must refer to each Table and/or Figure individually and in sequence (see numbering sequence), and clearly indicate for the reader the key results that each conveys. Key results depend on your questions, they might include obvious trends, important differences, similarities, correlations, maximums, minimums, etc. Some problems to avoid : Do not reiterate each value from a Figure or Table - only the key result or trends that each conveys. Do not present the same data in both a Table and Figure - this is considered redundant and a waste of space and energy. Decide which format best shows the result and go with it. Do not report raw data values when they can be summarized as means, percents, etc. Statistical test summaries (test name, p- value) are usually reported parenthetically in conjunction with the image, biological results they support. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding (if statistical tests are being used in stream essays your course).
This parenthetical reference should include the statistical test used and the level of significance (test statistic and DF are optional). For example, if you found that the mean height of image analyze male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and your statistical conclusion (shown in bressay spa red) as follows: Males (180.5 ± 5.1 cm; n=34) averaged 12.5 cm taller than females (168 ± 7.6 cm; n=34) in the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001) . If the summary statistics are shown in a figure, the sentence above need not report them specifically, but must include a reference to the figure where they may be seen: Males averaged 12.5 cm taller than females in the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001; Fig. 1) . Note that the report of the key result (shown in blue) would be identical in a paper written for a course in which statistical testing is not employed - the essay, section shown in red would simply not appear except reference to the figure. Avoid devoting whole sentences to report a statistical outcome alone. Use and over-use of the buy resume for writer, word significant : Your results will read much more cleanly if you avoid overuse of the word siginifcant in image analyze any of its forms. In scientific studies, the use of this word implies that a statistical test was employed to make a decision about the data; in this case the of consciousness, test indicated a larger difference in mean heights than you would expect to get by analyze chance alone.
Limit the buy resume for writer, use of the word significant to this purpose only. If your parenthetical statistical information includes a p-value that indicates significance (usually when p 0.05), it is unncecssary (and redundant ) to use the word significant in the body of the sentence (see example above) because we all interpret the p-value the image essay, same way. Hindu Symbology? Likewise, when you report that one group mean is somehow different from another (larger, smaller, increased, decreased, etc), it will be understood by your reader that you have tested this and found the difference to be statisticallysignificant, especially if you also report a p-value 0.05. Present the image essay, results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the question, stated in the Introduction. Resume? For example, in analyze essay reporting a study of the effect of an jobstar guide, experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first giving the essay, data on skeletal mass for the rats fed the control diet and then give the data for the rats fed the experimental diet.
Report negative results - they are important! If you did not get the anticipated results, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and needs to resume guide be reformulated, or perhaps you have stumbled onto image analyze something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the absence of an effect may be very telling in many situations. In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Do not fall into the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected are necessarily bad data. If you carried out the work well, they are simply your results and need interpretation. Many important discoveries can be traced to bad data. Always enter the appropriate units when reporting data or summary statistics.
for an bressay spa, individual value you would write, the analyze, mean length was 10 m , or, the resume guide, maximum time was 140 min. When including a measure of essay variability, place the unit after the error value, e.g., . was 10 ± 2.3 m . Likewise place the unit after the bressay spa, last in a series of numbers all having the same unit. For example: lengths of analyze essay 5, 10, 15, and 20 m , or no differences were observed after 2, 4, 6, or 8 min. of incubation . 1. Bressay Spa? Function : The function of the Discussion is to interpret your results in light of what was already known about the subject of the investigation, and to explain our new understanding of the problem after taking your results into consideration. The Discussion will always connect to essay the Introduction by way of the question(s) or hypotheses you posed and the literature you cited, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the Introduction. Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the buy resume adonit, place you left us at the end of the Introduction. Fundamental questions to answer here include: Do your results provide answers to your testable hypotheses?
If so, how do you interpret your findings? Do your findings agree with what others have shown? If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in your experiment (or theirs?) Given your conclusions, what is our new understanding of the image analyze essay, problem you investigated and outlined in essays the Introduction? If warranted, what would be the image, next step in your study, e.g., what experiments would you do next? 2. Style : Use the active voice whenever possible in this section. Buy Resume For Writer? Watch out for wordy phrases; be concise and make your points clearly. Image Analyze Essay? Use of the biodiesel from algae, first person is okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. 3. Image? Approach : Organize the Discussion to address each of the symbology, experiments or studies for which you presented results; discuss each in the same sequence as presented in image the Results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in the larger context of the problem. Do not waste entire sentences restating your results; if you need to remind the reader of the result to be discussed, use bridge sentences that relate the result to the interpretation:
The slow response of the lead-exposed neurons relative to bressay spa controls suggests that. [ interpretation ]. You will necessarily make reference to image the findings of others in order to support your interpretations.Use subheadings, if need be, to help organize your presentation. Be wary of symbology other essays mistaking the reiteration of a result for image essay, an interpretation, and make sure that no new results are presented here that rightly belong in the results. You must relate your work to the findings of other studies - including previous studies you may have done and those of other investigators. As stated previously, you may find crucial information in someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to reinterpret others' findings in light of yours. In either case you should discuss reasons for similarities and differences between yours and others' findings. Consider how the results of other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem. Be sure to state the conclusions that can be drawn from your results in light of these considerations.
You may also choose to briefly mention further studies you would do to clarify your working hypotheses. Make sure to reference any outside sources as shown in the Introduction section. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (include as needed) | FAQs | If, in your experiment, you received any significant help in thinking up, designing, or carrying out the for writer, work, or received materials from image someone who did you a favor by supplying them, you must acknowledge their assistance and the service or material provided. Authors always acknowledge outside reviewers of buy resume adonit their drafts (in PI courses, this would be done only if an instructor or other individual critiqued the draft prior to image evaluation) and any sources of funding that supported the research. Jobstar? Although usual style requirements (e.g., 1st person, objectivity) are relaxed somewhat here, Acknowledgments are always brief and never flowery. Place the Acknowledgments between the Discussion and analyze essay, the Literature Cited. 1. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. Instructions for writing full citations for various sources are given in on separate page.
A complete format list for virtually all types of publication may be found in Huth and others(1994) . NOTE : Do not label this section Bibliography . A bibliography contains references that you may have read but have not specifically cited in the text. Bibliography sections are found in books and other literary writing, but not scientific journal-style papers. Function : An Appendix contains information that is non-essential to understanding of the paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. An appendix is an optional part of the paper, and from thesis, is only rarely found in published papers. Headings : Each Appendix should be identified by a Roman numeral in essay sequence, e.g., Appendix I, Appendix II, etc. Each appendix should contain different material. Some examples of material that might be put in an appendix (not an exhaustive list) : raw data maps (foldout type especially) extra photographs explanation of formulas, either already known ones, or especially if you have invented some statistical or other mathematical procedures for data analysis. Essays? specialized computer programs for a particular procedure full generic names of chemicals or compounds that you have referred to in somewhat abbreviated fashion or by some common name in the text of your paper. Image Analyze? diagrams of for writer specialized apparati. Figures and Tables in Appendices. Figures and Tables are often found in image analyze essay an appendix. These should be formatted as discussed previously (see Tables and of consciousness essays, Figures), but are numbered in a separate sequence from those found in the body of the paper.
So, the first Figure in the appendix would be Figure 1, the first Table would be Table 1, and analyze, so forth. In situations when multiple appendices are used, the Table and Figure numbering must indicate the appendix number as well (see Huth and others, 1994). Department of stream of consciousness Biology, Bates College, Lewiston, ME 04240.