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Norma McCorvey, pro- life activists continue to thrive for new laws banning, or at least tightly restricting induced abortion. Due . to that decision, abortion has become a safety netpreventing unwanted pregnancies, controlling whether or not parents have a handicapped child, etc. What We Talk About. In Sallie Tisdales We Do Abortions Here: A Nurses Story, readers get an funniest essay inside look on the actual procedure itself, giving them an idea of what goes on we talk when we talk love essay topics, in the world of medicine. Although this essay may highlight the beneficial. Abortion , Abortion debate , Fertility 1081 Words | 3 Pages. sentences will receive some point deductions. Work submitted late will be graded accordingly (check the syllabus). Law of . Life 1.As the story begins, what thought makes Old Koskoosh suddenly panic?
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cessation of about we talk topics, all vital functions in a living creature; it is the end of life . Monism is the funniest essay, belief that the body and soul are one entity. What We Talk About Topics. . Aristotle, for example, spoke of the in essay quotes, body and soul being a harmony. For Aristotle, the soul is form: it is a non-physical aspect of humans, which allows the body to achieve its potential, and without the body, the soul would be of no use as it would be unrecognisable. It is we talk when we talk about love essay possible to base a theory of life after death on a monistic position. John Hick refers to humans. Death , Heaven , Life 1670 Words | 5 Pages.
Life support laws for pregnant women. efforts of the on shaheed bhagat singh, medical staff, it is confirmed that your partner will never regain consciousness. She is legally declared brain-dead. She is when we talk essay 14 weeks . Essay On Shaheed In English. pregnant, making your choice about life support all the what about love topics, more difficult. Ultimately, taking into account previous discussions with your partner, you decide to suspend life -sustaining treatment, which is technology our lives your right as next of kin. But the Government tells you that you are no longer entitled the love essay topics, right to decide whats best for your wife and unborn. Abortion , Death , Family 1017 Words | 3 Pages. The Essay Luka and in essay, the Fire of Life is what we talk about when about topics a nove written by Salman Rushdie. The novel is about a twelve year old boy named . Luka Khalifa, and his father, Rushid Khalifa.
His father had fallen into a very deep coma, hearing nothing and no one. Luka met a holographic version of his father, named Nobodaddy. Nobodaddy knows the only method to retrieve Lukas father back to life , or awaken him. He has to steal the fire of life from the world of magic. Luka, Nobodaddy, his pet bear and dog set forth. Curse , Father , God 1009 Words | 3 Pages. The scenario of this case a very complex matter in terms of the law , on the one hand you have the breach of gun/firearms laws and . Help. criminal negligence and on the other hand you have involuntary harm to another person. In order to we talk about we talk, hold the correct person liable, we must first examine the core facts and issues of statistics math help, this case which will enable the application of the law to what we talk about when we talk love topics, these facts, allowing the college nyu, DPP to be advised in the most suitable and accurate manner. What We Talk About We Talk About Love. The first and foremost issue to be noted in.
Criminal law , Criminal negligence , Manslaughter 1217 Words | 3 Pages. ?Adam Simon May 8, 2014 Baldwin Period 7 Honors Biology Human Life Extension There are many different pros and cons of genetically engineering . the human lifespan. Some argue that if the average lifespan were to be increased, it would lead to the overpopulation of the world, resulting in on shaheed in english risen poverty levels and damage to the environment. With the effect of living long, some people could be in terrible health conditions for many years without dying, in which they would no longer want to live. This. Aging , Death , Gerontology 1032 Words | 4 Pages. ENG4U-01 April 13th, 2013 Life of Pi: Quest or Enlightenment Over the course of what we talk when love essay, this unit, I have read the so called life . changing novel The Life of Pi by Yann Martel.
This work of math, art happens to be a national best seller and has collected many literature awards. Piscine Molitor Patel, the young Indian protagonist is about we talk about love faced with a traumatic set of events which developed into a marvelous story of a castaways voyage, in the heart of the bhagat in english, Pacific Ocean. This essay will discuss the what about love topics, essential factors. Canada Reads , Canongate Books , Life of Pi 1685 Words | 4 Pages. organisations to undertake action in attempt to achieve justice and equality throughout the world, ensuring the safety of all people. Although, it is clear . On Shaheed Bhagat. that there are many so-called grey areas in the legal issues surrounding this event, this essay will seek to about when about, clarify any misconceptions that were misconstrued by media-related sources, in terms of how justice WAS achieved post September 11.
After the world as we knew it took a dramatic change on the 11th of September 2001, many feared for. Al-Qaeda , Federal Bureau of Investigation , Osama bin Laden 1602 Words | 5 Pages. Karen Ramirez Pre-IB English/ Mr. Ratner 3/1/10 6th period Word count: 862 Life of Pi Essay Many people that are religious . look to on shaheed singh, God for guidance and what we talk about when we talk about love essay, comfort. Especially in disastrous situations. Essay Nyu. In Yann Martels novel, Life of Pi, the theme of will to survive is presented and we talk about when we talk about love essay, demonstrated as having faith, letting animal instincts take over, and determination.
Pi keeping his faith shows how strong his faith in God is. He discusses some Hindu symbolism to describe how insignificant he feels. Atheism , God , Instinct 891 Words | 3 Pages. ? Life factors and events essay I been looking at the case study of Vera Bisset life , I have noticed that Vera has . had many factors that have potentially affected her development. These factors would have affected her Emotional, Social, Physical, intellectual and language. Some on the factors I will be talking about essay are Genetic, Biological, Environmental, Socioeconomic and about we talk about topics, Lifestyle. So in this essay I will be pointing at out the factors that have affected her development and will be telling you. Affect , Child development , Developmental psychology 1915 Words | 5 Pages. ?PAGE ? MEANING OF LIFE ESSAY What is the meaning of life ? Many agree that the answer depends on the person . asking the question.
When Albert Camus and Richard Taylor decide to answer this question, they must take an in-depth look into the real and outline, mythological worlds to arrive at a concise answer to this question that has baffled so many. Both have similar views with subtle differences - however Taylor's view is the about we talk love topics, more accurate of the two. When looking into technology, the biological world, Taylor clearly. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Existentialism 1783 Words | 5 Pages. ? Laws Affect My Life If someone were to ask me, What has the government done for you today?
I would most likely say nothing, . but as I researched I have looked back on my past and my present. I have realized realized that through the years I have really noticed that laws do hold a foundation on what when we talk essay, my everyday life as well as others. Laws are principles and regulations that are established under the authority of the state and/or the nation. They help to form the foundation for a country that protects. Fair Labor Standards Act , Income tax , Income tax in the United States 1660 Words | 5 Pages. English Essay Topic 2: Which characters in the book Secret Life contributes most to the healing of essay match, Lilys wounds? Who? * . The Boatwright sisters * Zach * T-ray Wounds? * Killing her mother by accidents when she was 4 years old * Never having the mother figure in what we talk we talk about essay her life * Having a father who doesnt care about her, hurting her * Feeling like she cant be loved * Not being told about her mother The Boatwright sisters: * Helped fill in the gap as the on cricket match, mother. Abuse , Family , Love 1320 Words | 4 Pages.
Labour law also known as employment law deals with the body of what about about essay topics, laws , administrative rulings and precedents which . addresses the legal rights of and restrictions on working people and their organizations1. Mla Citing. The direct function of about we talk about essay topics, labour law is that it deals with the rules governing employment relationship. Labour law functions through the role accorded by common law , legislation and essay on shaheed bhagat singh, is helped also by the extra legal sources such as the customs and collective bargaining. When We Talk About Love Essay. Labour law is divided in to two. Employment , Employment Appeal Tribunal , Employment compensation 2823 Words | 7 Pages. Life of Pi Final Essay Now zoos have come a long way from what they used to . be. On Shaheed Singh In English. No more do we see too many animals crammed into one small cage.
Their habitats are made to mimic the animals natural habitats, they are often very large, with watering holes, small rock formations and much more. So my answer is no. Zoos are not abusive towards animals and are very important in our modern era. They are very important for the conservation. Canada Reads , Habitat , Life of what we talk we talk, Pi 793 Words | 5 Pages.
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Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and grammar. What We Talk When Topics. A resume must be framed and essay formatted to present you in the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, weve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to those looking to format their own resumes. What About About Love Essay Topics. We provide writing tips, expert advice, and sample images covering every resume format for nyu your convenience. Looking for more resume samples? Click the about when about essay link below. How to Choose the Best Resume Format. Use the chart below to get a quick idea of lense essay outline, which resume format will be best for presenting your unique job experience.
As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to what we talk we talk about essay topics formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Combination . Each resume format has their own set of college essay, advantages and disadvantages for different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to when we talk about essay topics choose wisely. Check out the in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of changes essay, information needed to create the best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, weve created three huge libraries of resume format examples . The links below are separated by resume style and include industry-specific samples. Visit each library and find your industry. As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to present yourself in terms of when about essay, your promotions and upward career mobility , and funniest essay is therefore particularly useful for about when about essay topics entry to mid level applicants looking to boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. I want to apply to changes our lives a job in a similar field. I dont have large work experience gaps.
I shouldnt use a reverse chronological style if I have multiple gaps in my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the what when we talk topics candidate in math, terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and we talk when we talk about love where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of most relevant to essay on cricket i enjoyed least relevant skills. Even the least relevant skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. When We Talk. Least relevant here really means the least relevant of your most relevant skills. Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of mla citing in essay, functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is what we talk about when love essay topics hiding something. By using the statistics help functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they havent been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial.
I should use a functional resume format if I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. I am in the midst of a big career change into about we talk about love a new industry. I want to promote a specific skill set. I shouldnt use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. Lense Outline. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what we talk about we talk about love essay topics, what should be in nyu, included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is what we talk literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of on shaheed singh, qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to the job opening. (This is the functional part.)
This introductory section is then followed by what we talk about when we talk about essay topics, your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. (This is the reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if I want to showcase a relevant and well-developed skill set. I want to transfer to a different industry. I am a master at what I do. I shouldnt use a combination resume format if I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. Critical Lense. I lack relevant qualifications and skills.
To learn more about what should be in included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to post them in the comments at what we talk about essay topics, the bottom of the page and one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to ensure that youve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to Download. Our Resume Checklist.
If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Good luck on bhagat singh, the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format.
Best of what about we talk about love topics, luck on the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in essay outline, planning and development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and have 2 years of teaching experience in we talk essay topics, a preschool setting and trying to college essay now make the shift to elementary age. Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for your situation. Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples.
For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer while simultaneously being employed by them does the internship go above or below the what we talk when about love topics primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from 8/2013 12/2015, with my internship also at HSBV from 1/2015 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them. Should the mla citing internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck! I have what I perceive to what we talk when about love topics be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an in essay quotes, army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to we talk about when about topics get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the in essay army at what we talk love essay topics, 19 in 2006 and nyu got out in 2013. From 2013 until January of we talk about topics, this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in order to stay on top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at various bars and clubs at changes essay, night. What About Love Essay. I am currently looking for an internship as part of my degree program so i need to create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the past 3 years.
However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. Technology Changes Essay. I need to know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to what we talk we talk love accept advice. Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format.
This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for bhagat in english a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isnt in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for we talk about essay topics any of my other jobs so Im at essay on cricket, a loss as to what to do. I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didnt work during my freshman year and about half of we talk about we talk, my sophomore year. Therefore Im not really sure how to approach this and technology changes our lives I really need this job. Please help!
Thanks! Good luck on when we talk about topics, the job hunt! Consider adding a Publications section to include your research and writing experience. Good luck on lense essay, the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to what we talk about love essay topics be a pediatric nurse for two years till moved to mla citing quotes this country on about when we talk about essay, 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to start working as a nurse what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume.
Best of outline, luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in when about essay, a different company. Now I want to apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager). I am confused which format I should choose to post for this job opportunity. Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the statistics math traditional reverse-chronological format. Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. However, if you truly feel that all of your content is relevant and of interest to the employer, then stick with what you have.
Best of we talk about essay, luck on critical essay outline, the job hunt! I am now trying to what we talk when essay rejoin the in essay quotes full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996). We Talk About We Talk Love Essay. After that I joined a small firm on Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and essay on cricket advertising (1997-1999). When We Talk About. Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Essay On Shaheed. Then my family and we talk about when we talk essay topics I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of English as a Second Language. I am looking for work in almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant.
I am struggling with how to present my resume. Ive been letting my cover letters explain the history and why I would be a good fit for mla citing in essay any given position, but Im sure my resume is holding me back. Any ideas. Thanks in advance! If youre looking to get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to we talk about when we talk essay topics emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience. As far as explaining work gaps in lense outline, your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in high school I did my internship at for State Farm. We Talk About We Talk Essay Topics. After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for 2 years.
I have recently worked at the National Instituted of outline, Health for a year. I currently want to go back to finding an about when, office job or something related and need help deciding what type of lense outline, resume I should use? Based on the info youve given us, a Chronological format would still be appropriate. About We Talk Essay. Best of luck! If the the position you are applying for is also an college essay, administrative job, then stick with the what about topics traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on the job hunt!
Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great. I was just wondering, if Ive been at funniest college essay, the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in 2015 that I would like to list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since Im still presently in what we talk about essay topics, this role? Thanks!
List your current position first. Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice.
Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the resume format, but when in doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because youre lacking in transferable skills, Id recommend working on your resume objective to statistics math get your application started on what about when we talk love essay, the right foot. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the soft skills youve built during your time working in a call center. Singh. Many of these could potentially be transferable. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to what when about love essay someone of your experience, even with the career change. Good luck making the shift back into math your previous field!
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Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the technology changes essay world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in what we talk essay, today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and statistics math help easily export to MS Word and about about love topics PDF.
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2017 Regulatory and Examination Priorities Letter. Each year, FINRA publishes its Annual Regulatory and Examination Priorities Letter to highlight issues of importance to what when love essay FINRA's regulatory programs. Cover Letter From FINRA President and CEO, Robert Cook. Today, FINRA is publishing its Annual Regulatory and Examination Priorities Letter (the Priorities Letter). Critical Lense Essay Outline? This letter provides information about areas FINRA plans to review in its 2017 exams based on what we talk when about love topics observations from our regulatory programs as well as input from various stakeholders, including member firms, other regulators and investor advocates. Critical Lense Essay? Firms have told us they find the annual Priorities Letter useful in reviewing their compliance and supervisory programs and we talk about when we talk topics, framing issues to address in their internal training and communications. Essay On Shaheed Bhagat Singh? As you will see, a common thread running throughout the we talk love essay topics, Priorities Letter is a focus on mla citing in essay core blocking and tackling issues of compliance, supervision and what we talk we talk, risk management. Critical Lense? Most of the topics addressed in this years letter have been highlighted in we talk love essay, prior years, but specific areas of emphasis have been updated or modified based on recent observations and experience. Our Lives Essay? Attention to the core regulatory requirements identified in the letterand how to what we talk we talk love essay topics address them in on shaheed bhagat, light of new business challenges and market developmentswill serve investors and markets well.
Your ongoing input on existing and emerging issues that put investors and market integrity at risk is very important. When We Talk Essay Topics? We share a common goal of promoting investor confidence, and I ask that you let us know of any areas on which you think FINRA should focus its regulatory resources to protect investors and bolster market integrity. Since joining FINRA in August, I have been engaged in an ongoing listening tour, meeting with member firms, regulators and investor groups, among others. I am grateful for funniest essay nyu, the feedback and time many people have given me. In the coming months, I plan to provide more information about we talk about when we talk love essay some concrete steps we are planningbased on the listening tour, as well as other inputto take a fresh look at certain aspects of match i enjoyed FINRAs programs and operations and to identify opportunities to do our work more effectively. We Talk When We Talk About Essay Topics? In the meantime, I want to share with you two more modest steps we are already planning to math take. What We Talk Essay? First, I have heard frequently from firms and other FINRA stakeholders that it would be useful to essay on shaheed singh learn more about what FINRA is what we talk about essay topics, seeing through its examination programs.
They have suggested that publishing common examination findings would help inform firms of deficiencies FINRA has observed, including in on shaheed bhagat singh in english, its areas of we talk when about love essay priority, and allow firms that have not yet been examined to fix any similar deficiencies. I agree, and starting this year, we will publish a summary report that outlines key findings from help, examinations in selected areas. About When Topics? This document will alert firms to what we are seeing from a national perspective and, therefore, serve as an additional tool firms can use to strengthen the statistics, control environment for their business. Another suggestion that emerged from my meetings is that many small firms would like us to explore how FINRA can provide more, and perhaps different, compliance tools and resources to assist them in complying with applicable regulatory requirements. I have already asked our staff to develop several new resources along these lines, and in 2017 we will introduce a compliance calendar and a directory of compliance service providers. In addition, to about about love topics gather more information in this area, we recently sent a brief survey to small firms to funniest nyu help us learn about the compliance tools and resources they would find valuable. We have received very helpful input from firms to we talk when topics date, but it is our lives essay, not too late to participate.
If you are a small firm and have not already completed the what we talk about about love essay topics, survey, please do so to help us better assist you. A related area of focus in the coming year will be recognizing the technology changes, vital role that small firmsas well as larger firmsplay in facilitating capital formation by what about essay topics, small and emerging growth companies, which are vital engines of our economy and of job creation. We will be looking for opportunities to support these activities, including by providing guidance where appropriate to encourage innovative business models and essay match i enjoyed, new technologies in the Fintech space, consistent with maintaining important investor protections. Some have asked me when my listening tour will be finished. The short answer is: never. As noted above, in the coming months I will share with you some additional steps we will be undertaking that have been informed by the listening tour, and what about essay, I am very excited about moving forward with these initiatives. But the listening will not end during my tenure. I hope you will always feel free to reach out technology changes our lives directly to me or to anyone on our staff with your ideas and suggestions on how FINRA can better execute its mission of investor protection and what about we talk, market integrity.
President and CEO. On Cricket Match? Text of the 2017 Regulatory and Examination Priorities Letter. This Regulatory and Examination Priorities Letter provides firms with information about areas FINRA plans to review in 2017, and in many instances also includes brief observations about common weaknesses we have observed while executing our regulatory programs. Firms can use this letter to identify priorities applicable to their business and to strengthen their compliance, supervisory and risk management controls to protect investors, the markets and themselves. FINRA develops these priorities based on observations from we talk we talk love essay topics, our regulatory programs as well as input from various stakeholders, including investor advocates, firms and other regulators. Firms have told us that they find this annual letter useful in evaluating their business, regardless of whether FINRA examines the firm in a given year. Some firms use the letter to help identify applicable priorities and then to define their training program requirements for the coming year, assess programs they may need to technology changes strengthen or update, and what we talk about we talk topics, frame issues that they will address in their annual compliance conferences and critical essay, other internal communications. What We Talk When We Talk Love Essay? For its part, FINRA has enhanced its risk-based surveillance and examination programs to apply a nationally consistent approach to identify and focus on material conduct at firms based on our assessment of specified sales practice, financial, operational and market-integrity risks. Funniest Essay? This approach has improved our understanding of when essay topics each firms business, permitting us to better tailor examinations and other regulatory responses to on cricket match conduct that poses the we talk when we talk about love essay topics, greatest threats to investors or the market. Critical Lense Outline? In planning and executing an we talk we talk about essay examination, we consider, among other things, a firms business model, size and complexity of operations, and the nature and extent of a firms activities against the priorities outlined in this letter.
In 2017, FINRA will also initiate electronic, off-site reviews to supplement our traditional on-site cycle examinations. This program will enable FINRA to review selected areas, typically those covered in this letter, without going on site to the firm. Funniest Essay Nyu? Instead, FINRA will make targeted and limited information requests to firms and then analyze responses off site. We will conduct these off-site exams only on a select group of firms that are not currently scheduled for we talk when about, a cycle exam in 2017. FINRA will focus on the following issues and concerns through our regulatory programs in essay, 2017.
FINRA will devote particular attention to firms hiring and monitoring of high-risk and recidivist brokers, including whether firms establish appropriate supervisory and compliance controls for such persons. FINRA is strengthening its already comprehensive approach to high-risk and recidivist brokers in three areas. First, FINRA recently established a dedicated examination unit to identify and examine brokers who may pose a high risk to investors. This group will rigorously review these brokers interactions with customers, including their compliance with rules regarding suitability, know-your-customer, outside business activities, private securities transactions, commissions and what we talk when essay, fees. Critical Lense? Second, FINRA will review firms supervisory procedures for hiring or retaining statutorily disqualified and we talk when we talk about, recidivist brokers. FINRA will examine firms due diligence on these individuals and that will include determining whether, as part of the verification process, a firm or third-party service provider conducts a national search of technology reasonably available public records to verify the accuracy and completeness of the information contained in an applicants Form U4. FINRA also will continue to monitor for the timely submission of disclosures required on what we talk we talk love essay Forms U4 and U5. FINRA will assess whether firms develop and technology essay, implement a supervisory plan reasonably tailored to detect and prevent future misconduct by what we talk about love, a particular broker based on prior misconduct and regulatory disclosures. We will also focus on firms with a concentration of changes our lives essay brokers with significant past disciplinary records or a number of what we talk about topics sales practice complaints or arbitrations. At the same time, we will continue to scrutinize closely applications by firms to associate with statutorily disqualified persons and will oppose these plans where we conclude that they do not satisfy applicable requirements.
Similarly, our Membership Application Program will identify new and continuing member applicants that employ, or seek to employ, registered representatives with problematic regulatory histories. In these instances, our staff will carefully consider whether applicants have the funniest, experience and we talk about topics, controls to adequately supervise these representatives. Third, FINRA will continue to evaluate firms branch office inspection programs as well as their supervisory systems for branch and non-branch office locations, including, but not limited to, independent contractor branches. FINRAs focus for these reviews will include the supervision of account activity; advertising and communications, including the potential use of unapproved email addresses for business; communications with customers, including through the use of social media, seminars, radio shows or podcasts; registered representatives websites; outside business activities; the use of consolidated account statements; and essay singh in english, operational activities such as distribution of funds and changes of we talk about topics address or investment objectives. Investor protection lies at the heart of FINRAs mission, and mla citing quotes, protecting senior investors will remain a top priority in 2017. About We Talk Love Essay Topics? FINRA will assess firms controls to protect senior investors from fraud, abuse and improper advice. Technology Changes? We are seeing numerous cases where registered representatives have recommended that senior investors purchase speculative or complex products in search of we talk when about love yield.
While the quest for higher yield is not per se problematic, FINRA will assess whether such recommendations were suitable given an investors profile and risk tolerance, and whether firms have appropriate supervisory mechanisms in place to detect and prevent problematic sales practices. In addition, FINRA will focus on microcap fraud schemes, especially those targeting the elderly. Microcap (or penny) stocks are particularly vulnerable to market manipulation given the lack of public information regarding the technology changes, companies underlying business and management, as well as the lack of verifiable financial information. In 2015 and 2016, FINRA observed an what we talk increase in the use of math help aggressive boiler room tactics by we talk about when we talk about essay, unregistered persons in pump-and-dump schemes targeting elderly investors. There are a number of math help controls firms can implement to what topics enhance protection for elderly clients from such financial exploitation. Math? For example, firms can contact an elderly customer in instances where the essay topics, customer has placed a purchase order for a speculative penny stock through the customers online brokerage account, can question a customer about inquiries to buy or sell penny stocks held outside the firm and can ask a customer about instructions to transfer funds to persons who may be tied in some way to the issuer. Product Suitability and essay in english, Concentration. FINRA continues to observe instances where firms recommend products that are unsuitable for customers, including situations where customers and sometimes registered representatives do not understand important product features. For this reason, we will assess how firms conduct reasonable-basis and customer-specific suitability reviews. This may include examining firms product vetting processes, supervisory systems and controls to review recommendations. Firms should be attentive to the adequacy of their supervision and training when new products come to market, new features of existing products are introduced or market conditions change in ways that could affect product performance.
Firms that hire registered representatives who sell products with which the we talk about essay, firm is not familiar should educate themselves on mla citing the products and what we talk about essay, then carefully evaluate their ability to supervise recommendations. Training should ensure that registered representatives, compliance and supervisory staff understand the objectives, risks and funniest, pricing factors of the products sold, including any changes in the features of those products. In 2017, FINRA will also increase its focus on the controls firms use to monitor recommendations that could result in excess concentration in customers accounts. This could include excessive concentration in about when we talk love topics, a particular type of product, for example long-duration fixed income instruments. Firms should be attentive to match i enjoyed shifts in what when we talk about love essay, the interest rate environment and should be prepared to assess and discuss the possible impact of in essay these changes on recommendations to clients. Firms should also monitor for excessive concentration in securities exposed to an industry sector. What When We Talk About Essay? The concerns we discuss above can arise with many products. Lense? For example, calls to the FINRA Securities Helpline for Seniors® (HELPS TM ) have exposed troubling scenarios of about love senior and unsophisticated investors buying into sales pitches for essay on shaheed, speculative energy- based investments.
In addition, over the last year we have observed these concerns particularly frequently with respect to we talk when we talk topics complex or novel exchange-traded products (ETPs), structured retail products, leveraged and inverse exchange-traded funds, non-traded real estate investment trusts (REITs) and unlisted business development corporations (BDCs). While these products can be appropriate for some customers, certain non-traded REITs and unlisted BDCs, for example, may have high commissions and fees, be illiquid, have distributions that may include return of principal, have limited operating history, or present material credit risk arising from unrated or below investment grade products. Given these concerns, firms should make sure that they perform and supervise customer- specific suitability determinations. More generally, firms should carefully evaluate their supervisory programs in critical, light of the products they offer, the specific features of those products and the investors they serve. Excessive and Short-term Trading of Long-term Products. FINRA will evaluate firms ability to monitor for short-term trading of long-term products. We have observed instances of registered representatives recommending that their clients trade long-term productssuch as open- and closed-end mutual funds, variable annuities and unit investment trusts (UITs)on a short-term basis. This trading is detrimental to clients who may experience diminished investment returns because of increased costs (e.g., commissions, underwriting fees, or creation and development fees) or missed dividend payments in the case of UITs.
In September 2016, FINRA launched a targeted exam that focuses on UIT rollovers at select firms, and FINRA will review other firms UIT sales and surveillance practices as well. FINRA has observed, for example, that some registered representatives are using early UIT rollovers (i.e., rollovers prior to the last 30-60 days of the UITs term) to increase their sales credits to the detriment of clients. In addition, FINRA urges firms to evaluate whether their supervisory systems can detect activity intended to evade automated surveillance for excessive switching activity. For example, we have observed situations where registered representatives switch customers across products to evade surveillance that focuses on switching within the same product class. What About When We Talk About Essay? Similarly, FINRA has observed situations where registered representatives switch customers through several investments to conceal the college essay, source of funds from switching surveillance tools.
Outside Business Activities and Private Securities Transactions. FINRA will focus on firms obligations with respect to their registered representatives outside business activities and private securities transactions. We will continue to evaluate firms procedures to we talk about when review registered persons written notifications of proposed outside business activities, including firms consideration of whether the proposed outside business activities may compromise a registered persons responsibilities to the firms clients or be viewed as part of the in essay, firms business. FINRA will also focus on firms procedures for handling associated persons notifications of proposed private securities transactions and firms ongoing supervision over associated persons approved private securities transactions for compensation. Social Media and Electronic Communications Retention and Supervision. FINRA will review firms compliance with their supervisory and love essay topics, record-retention obligations with respect to social media and other electronic communications in our lives, light of the increasingly important role they play in we talk about we talk topics, the securities business. We note that these obligations apply to business communications irrespective of the medium or device used to essay i enjoyed communicate.
Under U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and FINRA record-retention requirements, firms must ensure the capture of business-related communications regardless of the devices or networks used. A firm must capture and maintain all business-related communications in such a way that the firm can review them for inappropriate business conduct. During 2016, FINRA assessed liquidity management practices and what about when about love topics, identified firms that lacked liquidity risk management plans, did not conduct stress tests, applied insufficiently rigorous assumptions in their stress tests or maintained insufficient sources of funding. Changes Our Lives Essay? In addition, FINRA found that many firms funding contingency plans relied on committed secured and unsecured loan facilities. Contracts for these facilities may contain provisions ( e.g. , restrictive covenants, acceleration and material adverse change clauses) that could either compromise or delay the availability of that funding during a stress event. In light of these findings, in 2017, FINRA will review firms funding and liquidity plans, and assess whether firms adequately evaluate their liquidity needs related to market- wide and idiosyncratic stresses, develop contingency plans so that they have sufficient liquidity to endure those stresses, and conduct stress tests and other reviews to about love essay gauge the effectiveness of their contingency plans. Moreover, certain stress scenarios may affect affiliate and broker-dealer liquidity simultaneously. We will also review how correspondent clearing firms incorporate funding needs for large introducing firms and market participants in their contingency plans, where such entities rely on their clearing brokers for funding during a stress event, including coverage for intraday risk. We urge firms to consider the effective practices discussed in Regulatory Notice 15-33 as they evaluate their liquidity management plans.
Over the past two years, FINRA has held discussions with some larger firms to college essay nyu understand how they manage risk across their organizations. The discussions focused on the extent of the independence of the firms risk management governance; the scope, span and focus of key control functions; and the frequency and effectiveness of communication and reporting between parties responsible for monitoring and controlling risk. We Talk Love Essay? Similar to the thematic liquidity review that produced Regulatory Notice 15-33 , and in changes our lives essay, furtherance of our risk management focus, FINRA will ask a select group of firms to explain how they would react to a specific stress scenario that affects a firms market, credit and liquidity risks. FINRA will assess these firms risk management practices, considering areas such as readiness, communication plans, risk metrics and triggers, as well as contingencies. About When About Topics? We will assess these practices to funniest nyu understand whether the approach appears reasonable in light of the risks to the firms business, not with an expectation of about when we talk about essay topics a right way or wrong way to deal with the scenario. Credit Risk Policies, Procedures and Risk Limit Determinations Under FINRA Rule 4210. In June 2016, the SEC approved amendments to FINRA Rule 4210 to establish margin requirements for covered agency transactions, and on December 15, 2016, the first phase of the new amendments became effective. In 2017, FINRA will review firms implementation of the obligations established in the first phase of the rule amendment. We will assess firms written risk policies, procedures, risk limit setting processes and the way firms establish and supervise for compliance with the rules requirements.
Firms should review the new rule requirements to ensure they have appropriately tailored their risk policies and limits to their counterparties and math help, covered agency transactions. Cybersecurity threats remain one of the most significant risks many firms face, and in 2017, FINRA will continue to assess firms programs to mitigate those risks. What We Talk We Talk Love Essay Topics? 1 FINRA recognizes there is no one-size-fits-all approach to essay on shaheed cybersecurity, and we will tailor our assessment of cybersecurity programs to each firm based on a variety of factors, including its business model, size and risk profile. Among the areas FINRA may review are firms methods for preventing data loss, including understanding their data (e.g., its degree of sensitivity and the locations where it is stored), and its flow through the firm, and we talk about when about love essay topics, possibly to singh vendors. FINRA may assess controls firms use to monitor and protect this data, for example, through data loss prevention tools. In some instances, we will review how firms manage their vendor relationships, including the controls to manage those relationships. The controls should be informed by a number of what we talk love essay topics factors, including a clear understanding of statistics help any customer or employee personally identifiable information or sensitive firm information to essay topics which vendors have access. We may also examine firms controls to protect sensitive information from insider threats. Mla Citing? The nature of the insider threat itself is rapidly changing as the workforce evolves to include more employees who are mobile, trusted external partnerships and vendors, internal and external contractors, as well as offshore resources.
We also draw firms attention to what about when about love topics two areas in which we have observed repeated shortcomings in controls. I Enjoyed? First, cybersecurity controls at branch offices, particularly independent contractor branch offices, tend to be weaker than those at firms home offices. We have observed poor controls related to the use of passwords, encryption of what when about data, use of portable storage devices, implementation of patches and virus protection, and the physical security of assets and data. Second, in multiple instances, firms have failed to fulfill one or more of their obligations under Securities Exchange Act (SEA) Rule 17a-4(f) that requires firms to, among other things, preserve certain records in in essay quotes, a non-rewriteable, non-erasable format, commonly known as write once read many (WORM) format. This includes situations where vendor-provided email review and what about when about, retention services did not fulfill SEA Rule 17a-4(f) requirements. FINRA recently announced enforcement actions against 12 firms for, among other things, failure to preserve broker-dealer and customer records in WORM format. 2. FINRA will assess firms testing of their internal supervisory controls. Regular testing is mla citing, critical to enabling firms to identify and mitigate gaps or inadequate controls ( e.g. , poorly set parameters in we talk we talk love, automated compliance systems) that, left undetected, may lead to significant, systemic control breakdowns.
These problems arise in firms day- to-day operations, but we have observed that they can be more prevalent when firms increase the scale or scope of their business or change from legacy to new compliance systems. Control breakdowns can include record-retention omissions and failures to deliver requisite disclosure or other documents to clients. In addition, FINRA has observed situations where data is inaccurate, for example, with respect to product or order types. This can lead to bhagat situations where automated alerts fail to identify activity in client accounts for further review or where extensive manual intervention is necessary to make the data useable. FINRA reminds firms of we talk when we talk love their obligations with respect to supervisory controls testing and chief executive officer certifications pursuant to FINRA Rules 3120 and 3130. Customer Protection/Segregation of Client Assets. FINRA will evaluate whether firms have implemented adequate controls and supervision to protect customer assets pursuant to SEA Rule 15c3-3. Math Help? FINRA will assess firms compliance with the specific requirements of the rule, for example, whether firms properly include customer securities positions and money balances on what when about love multiple platforms in the reserve formula and in essay on cricket i enjoyed, the possession or control calculations.
FINRA will also emphasize that firms should maintain relevant documentary evidence to incorporate concentrated customer debit balances in the reserve formula. We will test whether the what we talk about love essay topics, Special Reserve Bank agreements with banks, regardless of their size, location or the essay on shaheed bhagat in english, amount on love topics deposit with them, have the required no-lien language. In addition, FINRA will also determine if money movements in Special Reserve Bank accounts are timely and statistics math help, transfers of moneys between reserve bank accounts create temporary shortfalls. We will review whether firms maintain sufficient documentation to demonstrate that securities are held free of what about about essay topics liens and essay match i enjoyed, encumbrances, especially for alternative investment products in customer retirement accounts. In addition, FINRA will assess whether firms possession or control processes are sufficient to we talk about when we talk essay identify securities held in custody, clearance, dealer or custodial agent locations. We will also evaluate the math help, adequacy of firms supervision and controls to identify, and what we talk we talk about love essay topics, where appropriate prevent, manual overrides of automated possession or control calculations. These overrides may include, but are not limited to, reductions to essay bhagat DTC Memo Seg instructions to what we talk about when we talk topics make delivery of, for example, hard-to-borrow securities.
Finally, FINRA is concerned that some firms may be engaging in math help, transactions with little or no economic substance designed primarily, if not solely, to reduce their reserve or segregation requirements under the financial responsibility rules. What We Talk We Talk Love? This would put customer cash or securities at risk if, for example, a firm went out of business and held its customers securities in an account subject to funniest essay nyu a lien or if a firm artificially reduced the reserve computation through such transactions. FINRA will review for this behavior from two perspectives. First, we will focus on we talk when we talk about essay topics the mechanisms firms use to math help identify, review, and approve or disapprove transactions that may have such effect. Second, we will review client transactions that result in outsized profit for we talk about when essay, a client when compared to transactions of similar risk as well as transactions that shift profit or loss between a broker-dealer and its affiliates that are not supported by the economics of the situation. Our Lives Essay? Regulation SHO Close Out and Easy to we talk we talk essay topics Borrow. Essay Bhagat? In 2017, FINRA will continue to assess firms compliance with SEC Regulation SHO. In light of recent SEC enforcement actions, FINRA will focus on the locate process to ensure firms have reasonable grounds to believe securities are available for borrowing prior to accepting a short sale. FINRA will assess firms preparation and we talk about essay topics, use of the mla citing quotes, easy-to- borrow list as well as evaluate the adequacy of firms automated locate models. FINRA has observed fails-to-deliver on settlement date, when locates are granted without the requisite reasonable grounds to believe that the security could be borrowed.
Firms should continue to we talk about love essay monitor their close-out processes and ensure that they appropriately close out fails-to-deliver by the designated close-out date pursuant to Rule 204 of Regulation SHO. Anti-Money Laundering and Suspicious Activity Monitoring. In 2017, FINRA will continue to focus on college essay firms anti-money laundering programs, especially those areas where we have observed shortcomings. About We Talk Love Essay Topics? These shortcomings include gaps in firms automated trading and money movement surveillance systems caused by data integrity problems, poorly set parameters or surveillance patterns that do not capture problematic behavior such as suspicious microcap activity. We have seen weaknesses in systems monitoring foreign currency transactions and transactions that flow through suspense accounts. Firms may perform anti-money laundering suspicious activity monitoring using the match, same trading surveillance they use for supervisory purposes, but that surveillance must also include alerts tailored to when essay topics the firms anti-money laundering red flags. FINRA will also continue to focus on firms controls around accounts held by nominee companies. We expect firms to determine whether they need to implement policies and procedures to identify accounts held by nominee companies and whether they should apply heightened scrutiny to those accounts.
State and in essay quotes, local governments that issue municipal securities to about when essay raise funds for various public projects may rely on municipal advisors to advise them on the structure, timing and terms of the technology changes our lives, issuance of what we talk when we talk essay topics securities or the investment of statistics math help proceeds from the sales. FINRA has found that some firms are not registering correctly with both the SEC and Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (MSRB) or are not properly updating their registration information as it changes. Further, firms may not be identifying all individuals who are engaged in what we talk about when about topics, municipal advisor activity as required for submission to quotes EDGAR on SEC Form MA-I. The Series 50 Municipal Advisor Representative Qualification Examination became available September 12, 2016, and individuals currently engaging in municipal advisor activities have one year to pass the exam. Firms that do not wish to we talk about essay topics register as municipal advisors may still provide services to municipal customers under certain statutory exclusions and regulatory exemptions. We will assess whether these firms properly apply the mla citing, exemptions and exclusions 3 to municipal advisor registration requirements under SEC rules. 4. Detecting and deterring manipulation remains a critical priority for what about about love essay, FINRA, and it should be a priority for firms too.
We regularly enhance and expand our surveillance program to deal with new threat scenarios and changes in market participants behavior, and we provide firms with tools that can help them do the same. For example, we are enhancing our layering 5 pattern to look for even larger groups of market participants potentially engaging in manipulation. In addition, we have amended our Order Audit Trail System (OATS) rules to require alternative trading systems (ATSs) to submit broader order book activity to OATS and to require FINRA members to capture in their OATS reports the identity of college essay nyu non-FINRA member broker-dealers participating in the over-the-counter market. It is what about when we talk about essay topics, important that FINRA members comply with these new order reporting requirements as OATS data helps FINRA to critical outline better reconstruct the markets for surveillance purposes. In addition, we are closely monitoring whether market participants are trading in a potentially manipulative manner surrounding the open or close through the when we talk about love essay, use of, among other tactics, aggressive and dominant trading on one side of the market to essay outline benefit a position on the other side of the market. We Talk Love Essay? Additionally, we developed a cross-product surveillance pattern to detect layering in an underlying equity to influence options prices. In 2017, we will expand surveillance for cross-product manipulation to trading in changes essay, ETPs and related securities, and what we talk about we talk essay topics, improper trading strategies directed at on cricket i enjoyed, unique attributes of ETPs. Finally, in what about topics, 2016, FINRA introduced the Cross Market Equity Supervision Report Cards for layering and spoofing 6 activity as a compliance tool to complement firms supervisory systems and procedures to detect and deter manipulative conduct by technology our lives essay, the firm or its customers. The purpose of the we talk when topics, report cards is to proactively alert firms when it appears that they or their customers are engaging in potentially manipulative conduct.
We expect firms that receive report cards to review them as a supplement to, and technology changes our lives essay, not a replacement for, their own reviews into potentially manipulative activity, and take appropriate steps in response to their findings. In November 2015, FINRA issued Regulatory Notice 15-46 to remind firms of the best execution obligations they owe customers when they receive, handle, route or execute customer orders in equities, options and what about we talk about essay topics, fixed income securities. Firms should consider how the continuing automation of the markets for equity securities and standardized options, and recent advances in trading technology and communications in the fixed income markets, affect their order-handling decisions and factor those changes into essay on cricket match i enjoyed their review of the execution quality they provide customers. In addition, we remind firms of the importance of providing accurate payment for order flow disclosures. Audit Trail Reporting Early Remediation Initiative and Expansion. FINRAs Audit Trail Reporting Early Remediation Initiative identifies and alerts firms to potential equity audit trail issues not typically detected through routine compliance sweeps and reviews. What We Talk Love Topics? We expect firms to use the alerts to correct systems issues and potentially avoid a formal investigation, if the college essay, issue is limited in scope and promptly addressed. We will expand this initiative to what we talk about when we talk about essay topics other areas such as Regulation NMS trade- throughs and locked and essay bhagat in english, crossed markets. We believe it would be a more effective use of what we talk we talk essay both FINRAs and firms resources to alert firms to potential problems and only open formal investigations when the problem is technology changes, widespread and long-standing, or the firm does not take timely or sufficient steps to what when we talk about love topics address the issues. The data collection obligations of the Tick Size Pilot will continue in 2017. To assist with this initiative, FINRA consolidates broker-dealer and exchange data to satisfy the exchanges and FINRAs data collection requirements and, through a market maker transaction reporting mechanism, collects trade data on behalf of tick size market makers.
Because of the bhagat, importance of this data to the SECs and love essay topics, self-regulatory organizations analysis of the program, it is critical that firms submit accurate OATS and market maker data. FINRA will review for compliance with the data requirements of the Tick Size Pilot, as well as compliance with its quoting and trading restrictions. FINRA continues to college essay see the need for firms to what we talk when we talk love essay improve their compliance with the funniest essay, Market Access Rule. For example, firms need to better document their market access controls, provide the rationales for decisions relating to about when we talk about essay topics the setting of controls, identify the individuals responsible for monitoring those controls and consistently monitor the effectiveness of the controls they employ. Some best practices firms should consider incorporating into statistics help their market access controls include implementing, memorializing and monitoring pre-trade and post-trade controls; implementing procedures for we talk we talk about love topics, the supervision, development, testing and employment of our lives essay algorithmic trading, including code development or changes; and maintaining reasonable processes to monitor whether trading algorithms operate as intended, and processes to disable algorithms or systems that malfunction. In addition, firms should consider the effective practices FINRA describes in Regulatory Notice 15-09 . FINRAs trading examination priorities include reviewing the adequacy of what we talk about love alternative trading systems disclosures to customers about mla citing in essay how they operate, reviewing for potential conflicts of interest, and when essay topics, evaluating whether floor brokers and upstairs firms are handling manual options orders in a manner consistent with their best execution obligations. Our 2017 priorities include a pilot trading examination program.
The pilot will help us determine the value of conducting targeted examinations of some smaller firms that have historically not been subject to trading examinations due to their relatively low trading volume. Technology? Fixed Income Securities Surveillance Program. In recent years, we have expanded our fixed income surveillance program to include additional manipulation-based surveillance patterns, such as wash sales and interpositioning. FINRA will continue to enhance these patterns and conduct investigations into problematic activity we detect through our surveillance program. We have brought enforcement actions against what we talk about essay topics individuals who engaged in non-bona fide trading to create an artificial price level in technology changes, a bond, in order to hide an excessive mark-up to a customer trade or reset the aging of what about we talk essay topics positions held by the firm.
We continue to review firms written supervisory procedures and systems to ensure they are reasonably designed to monitor for such conduct. We also will continue to review for and investigate potential misrepresentations and essay i enjoyed, misleading conduct by position and sales traders in securitized products.
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What We Talk About When We Talk
essay on news media Robert G. Kaiser. I n 1998, Ralph Terkowitz, a vice president of we talk when about topics, The Washington Post Co., got to know Sergey Brin and Larry Page, two young Silicon Valley entrepreneurs who were looking for backers. Terkowitz remembers paying a visit to the garage where they were working and keeping his car and match driver waiting outside while he had a meeting with them about the idea that eventually became Google. An early investment in when we talk love topics Google might have transformed the match Post 's financial condition, which became dire a dozen years later, by we talk we talk essay which time Google was a multi-billion dollar company. But nothing happened. “We kicked it around,” Terkowitz recalled, but the then-fat Post Co. had other irons in other fires.
Such missteps are not surprising. People living through a time of revolutionary change usually fail to grasp what is going on around them. The American news business would get a C minus or worse from any fair-minded professor evaluating its performance in the first phase of the Digital Age. Big, slow-moving organizations steeped in their traditional ways of doing business could not accurately foresee the quotes next stages of a technological whirlwind. Obviously, new technologies are radically altering the what we talk when we talk about ways in technology our lives which we learn, teach, communicate, and are entertained.
It is about when we talk topics impossible to know today where these upheavals may lead, but where they take us matters profoundly. How the digital revolution plays out over time will be particularly important for journalism, and therefore to the United States, because journalism is the craft that provides the lifeblood of a free, democratic society. The Founding Fathers knew this. They believed that their experiment in statistics self-governance would require active participation by an informed public, which could only be possible if people had unfettered access to information. James Madison, author of the First Amendment guaranteeing freedom of speech and of the press, summarized the proposition succinctly: “The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of about we talk essay topics, true liberty.” Thomas Jefferson explained to his French friend, the Marquis de Lafayette, The only security of all is in a free press. The force of public opinion cannot be resisted when permitted freely to be expressed.” American journalists cherish another of Jefferson's remarks: “Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.” The journalistic ethos that animated many of the Founders was embodied by a printer, columnist, and editor from Philadelphia named Benjamin Franklin. The printing press, which afforded Franklin his livelihood, remained the engine of American democracy for more than two centuries. But then, in math the second half of the 20th century, new technologies began to undermine long-established means of sharing information. First television and then the computer and the Internet transformed the way people got their news.
Nonetheless, even at what we talk we talk about essay topics the end of the century, the business of providing news and analysis was still a profitable enough undertaking that it could support large organizations of professional reporters and editors in print and broadcast media. Now, however, in the first years of the 21st century, accelerating technological transformation has undermined the business models that kept American news media afloat, raising the match possibility that the great institutions on which we have depended for news of the world around us may not survive. These are painful words to write for someone who spent 50 years as a reporter and we talk when about essay editor at The Washington Post . For the first 15 years of my career, the Post 's stories were still set in lead type by linotype machines, now seen only in museums. We first began writing on computers in the late 1970s, which seemed like an unequivocally good thing until the critical lense essay rise of the Internet in we talk about we talk love topics the 1990s. Then, gradually, the ground began to shift beneath us. By the time I retired earlier this year, the Graham family had sold the Post to Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon, for $250 million, a small fraction of its worth just a few years before. Outline! Donald Graham, the we talk we talk essay topics chief executive at the time, admitted that he did not know how to save the newspaper. In fact, digital technology has flummoxed the changes our lives essay owners of what we talk about we talk essay topics, traditional news media, especially newspapers, from the beginning. For example, in 1983, in technology essay the early years of we talk about love topics, computerized production of newspapers when almost no one knew what was coming, The New York Times almost committed digital suicide. The Times decided it only needed to retain the rights to the electronic versions of its stories for 24 hours after publication. To make a little extra money, the Times sold rights to everything older than 24 hours to Mead Data Central, owners of the Lexis-Nexis service.
Mead Data Central then sold electronic access to Times stories to law firms, libraries, and the public. By the early 1990s, as the Internet was becoming functional and popular, this arrangement was a big and essay i enjoyed growing problem: newspapers, including the Times , were planning “online,” computerized editions, but the Times had sold control of its own product to Mead Data. Luckily for the country's best newspaper, the Anglo-Dutch firm Reed Elsevier bought Mead Data in 1994. The sale triggered a provision in the original Times -Mead contract that allowed the Times to reclaim the electronic rights to its own stories. That enabled the Times to put its journalism online in 1995. But putting newspapers online has not remotely restored their profitability. For the moment, The New York Times is making a small profit, but its advertising revenues are not reassuring. The Washington Post made profits of more than $120 million a year in the late 1990s, and today loses moneylast year more than $40 million.
Newsweek magazine failed, and we talk about when we talk essay topics Time magazine is mla citing teetering. About When We Talk About Love Essay Topics! Once-strong regional newspapers from Los Angeles to Miami, from Chicago to Philadelphia, find themselves in statistics math help desperate straits, their survival in doubt. News divisions of the major television networks have been cutting back for what we talk about when we talk love essay more than two decades, and are now but a feeble shadow of their former selves. Overall the economic devastation would be difficult to exaggerate. One statistic conveys its dimensions: the match i enjoyed advertising revenue of all America's newspapers fell from we talk about when, $63.5 billion in 2000 to about $23 billion in 2013, and is still falling. Traditional news organizations' financial well-being depended on the willingness of advertisers to pay to reach the essay on shaheed singh mass audiences they attracted. Advertisers were happy to pay because no other advertising medium was as effective. But in what about when we talk essay topics the digital era, which has made it relatively simple to target advertising in very specific ways, a big metropolitan or national newspaper has much less appeal. Internet companies like Google and Facebook are able to sort audiences by the most specific criteria, and thus to offer advertisers the possibility of spending their money only on ads they know will reach only people interested in what they are selling. Changes Our Lives! So Google, the what when love master of targeted advertising, can provide a retailer selling sheets and towels an audience existing exclusively of people who have gone online in the last month to shop for critical lense essay outline sheets and towels. This explains why even as newspaper revenues have plummeted, the ad revenue of Google has leapt upward year after yearfrom $70 million in 2001 to an astonishing $50.6 billion in what we talk love topics 2013.
That is more than two times the combined advertising revenue of every newspaper in America last year. And the situation for proprietors of newspapers and magazines is likely to get worse. One alarming set of essay match, statistics: Americans spend about 5 percent of the time they devote to media of all kinds to magazines and newspapers. But nearly 20 percent of advertising dollars still go to print media. So print media today are getting billions more than they probably deserve from when we talk about love topics, advertisers who, governed by the inertia so common in human affairs, continue to buy space in technology essay publications that are steadily losing audience, especially among the what we talk essay young. On Shaheed Singh! When those advertisers wake up, revenues will plummet still further. King County Journal. Union City Register Tribune. Halifax Daily News. Rocky Mountain News.
News organizations have tried to adapt to when love essay topics the new realities. Technology Changes Our Lives! As the Internet became more popular and more important in the first decade of the 21st century, newspaper proprietors dreamed of paying for their newsrooms by mimicking their traditional business model in the online world. Their hope was to create mass followings for their websites that would appeal to advertisers the what about we talk about essay way their ink-on-paper versions once did. But that’s not what happened. The news organizations with the technology changes most popular websites did attract lots of eyeballs, but general advertising on their sites did not produce compelling results for advertisers, so they did not buy as much of it as the papers had hoped. And the we talk when we talk essay topics price they paid for it steadily declined, because as the Internet grew, the number of sites offering advertising opportunities assured that “supply” outstripped “demand.” Advertising revenues for technology the major news sites never amounted to even a significant fraction of the revenues generated by printed newspapers in what we talk about love topics the golden age. There seems little prospect today that online advertising revenues will ever be as lucrative as advertising on paper once was. The other online innovation that has devastated newspapers is Craigslist, the free provider of what the newspapers call “classified advertising,” the college nyu small items in small print used by individuals and businesses for generations to buy and sell real estate and what we talk when we talk essay merchandise, and to hire workers.
Twenty years ago classifieds provided more than a third of the revenue of The Washington Post . Craigslist has destroyed that business for the Post and every major paper in the country. The Philadelphia Inquirer/Daily News headquarters building on critical essay outline Broad Street in Philadelphia, October 6, 2005. The paper is one of many major newspapers facing cutbacks and dwindling circulation. D espite two decades of trying, no one has found a way to make traditional news-gathering sufficiently profitable to we talk love essay assure its future survival. Serious readers of America's most substantial news media may find this description at odds with their daily experience.
After all, The New York Times , The Wall Street Journal , and The Washington Post still provide rich offerings of good journalism every morning, and they have been joined by numerous online providers of both opinion and newseven of classic investigative reporting. Digital publications employ thousands of reporters and editors in new and sometimes promising journalistic enterprises. Is this a disaster? Of course notyet. But today's situation is probably misleading. The laws of economics cannot be ignored or repealed. Nor can the actuarial tables.
Only about a third of Americans under 35 look at essay singh a newspaper even once a week, and the percentage declines every year. A large portion of today's readers of the what we talk about we talk about essay topics few remaining good newspapers are much closer to technology the grave than to high school. Today's young people skitter around the what essay Internet like ice skaters, exercising their short attention spans by looking for fun and, occasionally, seeking out serious information. Audience taste seems to be changing, with the result that among young people particularly there is a declining appetite for essay nyu the sort of information packages the great newspapers provided, which included national, foreign and we talk about essay topics local news, business news, cultural news and criticism, editorials and opinion columns, sports and mla citing obituaries, lifestyle features, and science news. Alas for those who continue to want access to that kind of about when we talk about love essay, product, there is no right to mla citing quotes reliable, intelligent, comprehensive journalism. We only get it when someone provides it. And if it doesnt pay someone a profit, its not likely to be produced. New York City. 1959. TV news anchorman Walter Cronkite.
© Dennis Stock/Magnum Photos. B efore digital technology changed the world, the news was quite orderly and predictable. To find out what was happening, you bought a paper, listened to the radio, or watched television. Most people relied on one or two sources for all their newsa newspaper and a TV network, for what essay topics example. A few institutions and a few individuals dominated the provision of news: Walter Cronkite and John Chancellor; The New York Times and The Washington Post ; Time and Newsweek . The universe of news providers was small and nyu also remarkably homogeneous. David Brinkley could move from NBC to when essay ABC without causing much of essay on shaheed bhagat, a stir. When Roone Arledge, whose first big accomplishment was to make ABC the leading network for what we talk about about sports, was empowered to essay outline build a new ABC News, he did it by raiding the staffs of we talk about we talk love, NBC and CBS.
Similarly, when Ted Turner launched CNN, he poached talent from the networks. This small, nearly-closed world rarely provided any surprises. Politically, the big news organizations cast themselves as fair-minded and even-handed, never partisan. Essay Nyu! Time magazine may have been somewhat more conservative, The New York Times more liberal, but none drifted far from the center of the political spectrum. We Talk About Love Topics! For nearly four decades after World War II, mainstream journalism was notably non-ideological. At the height of in essay, their success, all the best news organizations shared two important qualities: a strong sense of responsibility about their roles as providers of news and about when we talk love essay topics analysis, and plenty of money to funniest college essay nyu spend on those missions. In their heyday, roughly the we talk about when about essay last third of the 20th century, these institutions tended to unify American society. News anchors like Cronkite, Chancellor, Tom Brokaw, Dan Rather, and Peter Jennings were reassuring, avuncular figures with whom millions of Americans shared the dramas of the day.
All the mainstream print and broadcast media sought to provide an information supermarket whose aislesfrom sports to business to essay match politics, foreign affairs, entertainment news, and gossipwould hopefully attract mass audiences across all classes of society. And they made moneya lot of itby selling those mass audiences to we talk we talk topics advertisers. NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images. The money allowed for an extravagant approach to news. Essay Nyu! Editors and producers could put their news instincts ahead of love essay, other considerations, including profitsat least occasionally. I did this myself, dispatching reporters around the country and help the world with something awfully close to abandon when I was a senior editor of we talk when we talk about essay topics, The Washington Post . The best newspapersthe best of a much more crowded field than exists todayinvested in Washington bureaus, foreign correspondents, and investigative reporting teams, not to mention luxuries almost unheard of now. For years, for example, no reporter for the Los Angeles Times had to suffer the essay singh in english indignity of flying in coach; business or first class was the we talk about we talk essay topics norm. The broadcast media enjoyed even more extravagance.
In the 1970s the three television networks each maintained large corps of foreign correspondents stationed in bureaus across the globe, and also domestic bureaus in the major American cities. They all did serious documentaries and showed them in prime time. Editors and quotes producers pursued stories that interested them, without much concern for about when we talk about love how readers or viewers might react to the journalism that resulted. Technology Essay! Members of this tribe of journalists shared a sense of what “the news” was. The most influential of them were the editors and what we talk about we talk about topics reporters on the best newspapers, whose decisions were systematically embraced and echoed by other editors and critical outline writers, as well as by the producers of television news. As many have noted now that their power has declined, these news executives were gatekeepers of a kind, deciding which stories got the most attention. The most obvious examples of their discretionary power came in the realm of investigative reporting. One of the cardinal events of this era was Walter Cronkite's decision in late October 1972 to report in detail on the CBS Evening News the findings of two young Washington Post reporters, Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, on what we talk about love the developing Watergate scandal. Critical Essay! Cronkite’s decision highlighted the strength of the news culture, while also helping to put the what about we talk about Post then still emerging as a leading newspaperat the essay on shaheed singh in english center of national attention. This was a golden era in journalism, a time when a prosperous and widely-respected press demonstrated an unprecedented willingness to confront a sitting president.
Watergate and the Vietnam War both made it much easier to challenge authority. Newspapers especially began to show increasing self-confidencesometimes it felt like arroganceby moving away from reactive journalism that focused on about when we talk essay topics the events of the previous day and devoting more space and energy to “enterprise” journalism, which included not just in-depth investigations, but stories about trends in society, profiles, and feature stories. Technology Our Lives! Thanks to this new boldness, the we talk about when we talk love essay topics relationship between reporters and essay i enjoyed government deteriorated and became quite contentious. We Talk When We Talk About Love Topics! Deference gave way to essay skepticism and, often, cynicism about the believability of we talk about we talk about love essay, public officials and government agencies. One of the great symbolic moments of technology, this era was the decision by the Nixon administration to seek a court order to stop The New York Times from publishing details of a secret Pentagon history of the Vietnam war that a disgruntled official had leaked to the paper. Initially a federal district court accepted the we talk about government’s argument that publication endangered “national security,” and issued an order to the Times to cease publication of stories based on the “Pentagon Papers.” The Times 's source, Daniel Ellsberg, then leaked another set of the mla citing quotes papers to love essay The Washington Post , which hurriedly began preparing stories about them. The government sought court action to block the Post as well. The Supreme Court agreed to on cricket i enjoyed take the case. What When Topics! The Times and Post hired some of the best (and most expensive) lawyers in the country to argue for publication. The court quickly decided in favor of the newspapers' right to publish. Nixon's attempt to impose “prior restraint” on changes our lives the American press had failed.
Two private corporations, the Times and Post companies, had defied the government and then persuaded the Supreme Court to let them get away with it. Journalists still remember this as a critical moment in the history of their business. 1902-03: Ida Tarbell profiles John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company The progressive era of the late 19th and what we talk about when about love essay early 20th centuries was a time of social activism as Americans and their president, Theodore Roosevelt, fought corruption and monopolistic practices in mla citing government and we talk when we talk about love essay industry. Tarbell, a former school teacher, wrote a series of articles for McClure’s Magazine about the giant Standard Oil Company and its owner John D. Rockefeller. The series was published in book form in 1904, and in 1911 the U.S. Supreme Court found the statistics help company to be in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, causing its breakup.
Ironically, Tarbell didn’t like the what we talk essay term “muckraker,” which was applied to her and other reform-minded journalists of the era. 1906: Upton Sinclair exposes conditions in Chicago's meatpacking plants Chicago was America’s center of meat processing and packing around the turn of the century in 1900. Although Sinclair’s famous 1906 work, The Jungle , was a novel, he based it on seven weeks in disguise working in Chicago’s meatpacking plants. His exposé of conditions that immigrant workers faced in mla citing quotes the stockyards and about love the unsanitary practices of the essay industry coincided with passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 and the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906. Sinclair later focused on American journalism itself, calling attention in 1920 to the practice of “yellow journalism” in his book The Brass Check . 1953: Murrey Marder dogs Sen. Joseph McCarthy's witch hunt In February 1950, U.S. We Talk About About Essay! Senator Joe McCarthy declared that more than 200 Communists were working at the U.S. Funniest College Essay Nyu! State Department.
After his re-election in 1952, McCarthy conducted a series of hearings on the matter and implicated Army personnel in what we talk when we talk essay topics espionage. In 1953, Murrey Marder, writing for The Washington Post , began full-time coverage of essay on shaheed bhagat singh, Sen. McCarthy and his hearings. Marder investigated the senator's accusations against what we talk when essay topics, Army personnel stationed at Fort Monmouth in on shaheed New Jersey, finding that the senator's charges against them were all false. Marder later opened the London bureau of the what about The Post , and after his retirement, helped create the changes our lives essay Nieman Watchdog Project. 1962-64: David Halberstam calls foul on the U.S. military's rosy Vietnam claims In October 1963, President John F. Kennedy was so upset about David Halberstam’s reporting from Saigon that he asked Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, the publisher of The New York Times , to transfer David Halberstam out of Vietnam. About We Talk Love Topics! Since the previous year, Halberstam had offered dogged and skeptical coverage of U.S. government officials’ optimistic portrayals of their and the South Vietnamese government’s efforts against North Vietnam. “The job of the changes our lives essay reporters in Vietnam,” Halberstam wrote in 1965, “was to we talk about when we talk love report the funniest college news, whether or not the news was good for America.” In 1964, Halberstam earned a Pulitzer Prize for his Vietnam reporting.
1969: Seymour Hersh exposes the My Lai massacre and cover-up In March 1968, U.S. Army soldiers massacred hundreds of civilians in My Lai, a South Vietnamese village. In the months following, Army commanders downplayed the incident, keeping it hidden from the public. However, due to pressure on we talk when we talk essay topics the chain-of-command from a soldier in the infantry company involved, Lieutenant William Calley, Jr. was court martialed in September 1969 for his role. Essay Match! The public wouldn't learn of My Lai until Hersh, acting on a tip, interviewed Calley and his lawyer.
Hersh's story was published by Dispatch, a small news agency with a tiny staff, and then picked up nationally. Calley was the only soldier convicted in relation to the massacre. Hersh won the 1970 Pulitzer Prize for his reporting. 1971: The Pentagon Papers leaked and published. In 1971, with the Vietnam War still going after almost a decade, a military analyst named Daniel Ellsberg leaked a seven-thousand page history of U.S.-Vietnam relations that had been prepared for internal use by what we talk when love essay topics the Pentagon. Lengthy sections of these “Pentagon Papers” were published in The Washington Post and The New York Times , revealing the on cricket i enjoyed covert origins of a war that was exceedingly unpopular at home. The Nixon administration ordered the newspapers to cease publication of any of the documents. This led to a Supreme Court case ( New York Times Co. v. United States ) that eventually ruled in favor of the press. 1972: Woodward and Bernstein expose the Watergate break in In June 1972, five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee offices at about love essay the Watergate Complex in Washington, DC. Two young reporters at The Washington Post , Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, were intrigued that one of the burglars was on essay on cricket i enjoyed the payroll of President Richard Nixon’s reelection committee and began digging further. Woodward and Bernstein uncovered a series of we talk about when essay topics, political crimes and “dirty tricks” that connected the burglary back to the White House.
Their reporting led to critical lense indictments of 40 administration officials and the eventual resignation of President Nixon. The paper won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for the investigative reporting. 1992: Florence Graves reveals sexual misconduct in Congress In 1992, shortly after the Anita Hill controversy, Florence Graves, founder of what about we talk, Common Cause magazine, began an investigation into sexual misconduct on Capitol Hill. She quickly found a pattern of critical lense outline, charges pointing to Senator Bob Packwood. In the fall of 1992, The Washington Post published Graves'story detailing allegations from 10 women of sexual misconduct by the Oregon senator. The story not only led to the first-ever Senate Ethics Committee investigation of sexual misconduct and the eventual resignation of Senator Packwood, but also to the passage of the landmark Congressional Accountability Act, subjecting Congress to the same discrimination laws as the rest of the nation. 2010: Dana Priest and William Arkin detail secret government organizations On July 19, 2010, Washington Post reporters Dana Priest and William Arkin published “Top Secret America,” a series of investigative articles revealing the massive and what they characterized as mismanaged post-9/11 growth of the U.S. intelligence community. The series, benefiting from the work of what about when love, more than a dozen other journalists at The Post , compiled hundreds of thousands of records over mla citing in essay, two years, identifying 45 government organizations (1,271 sub-units) and we talk when we talk essay 1,931 private companies engaged in top-secret intelligence work. Mla Citing! The series highlighted the oversight challenges facing such a fast-growing and secretive system with such an important agenda: maintaining the safety of American citizens. Reuters/Jason Reed JIR.
2013: The Washington Post and The Guardian report on NSA surveillance In early June 2013, The Post and The Guardian broke nearly-simultaneous stories about what we talk about when topics, National Security Agency surveillance activities being conducted on U.S. citizens and foreign officials. Both sets of articles, led by Barton Gellman at essay The Post and Glenn Greenwald at The Guardian , along with Laura Poitras and Ewan MacAskill, initially relied on a confidential source who was a former NSA analyst and then-employee at a private sector consulting firm. We Talk When We Talk About Love Topics! The source had told Gellman that he was operating out of conscience and knew that he would be exposed. That person was Edward Snowden. Both newspapers shared the Pulitzer Prize this year for technology our lives essay their articles. Washington Post reporters Carl Bernstein (center) and Bob Woodward (left), the we talk about when we talk love essay team who broke the mla citing in essay quotes Watergate story. Washington, D.C., 1974. © Wayne Miller/Magnum Photos. T he golden era had its shortcomings, to be sure.
A herd mentality too often prevailed, especially in Washington coverage. Self-important journalists were too common. And both the conventional wisdom and conventional attitudes remained strong. We Talk We Talk! So, for in english example, when confronted by a story like the what we talk love topics AIDS epidemic, the great news organizations reacted slowly and clumsily. Few journalists paid serious attention to the rising disparities in American society. Bhagat Singh In English! Toward the what we talk about about love essay topics end of the era, in the first years of the 21st century, the news media succumbed to the national anxieties produced by college nyu the 9/11 attacks and failed to challenge effectively the we talk when Bush administration's rush to war in Iraq. Statistics Help! Many journalists joined the rush. This was an embarrassment for our major journalistic institutions and a disservice to the country. Nevertheless, America's best news organizations have proved their value again and again, even in recent years, as their fortunes have declined. The culture of journalistic skepticism born in we talk when we talk about the 1960s and 1970s has continued to serve the bhagat singh in english country well.
Repeatedly, journalists have broken significant news stories that government officials hoped would never be revealed, from what we talk when about love, accounts of Americans torturing terror suspects to revelations of the systematic mistreatment of veterans at Walter Reed Hospital; from accounts of the government's eavesdropping programs to descriptions of its vast, post-9/11 intelligence apparatus. The major journalistic revelations of the last decade altered the country's image of itself. They mattered. And society has benefited in less tangible ways, too. “How would this look on the front page of The Washington Post ?” has been a question asked in offices in Washington ever since the time of funniest nyu, Watergate, to good effect. Of course this deterrent to illegal, unethical, or embarrassing behavior is unevenly effective; many miscreant public officials have ignored it, and will in the future, whether or not there continues to be a front page of The Washington Post . But this sense of about we talk love topics, accountability has had a salutary effect. The best journalism has most often been produced by mla citing those news organizations that have both the resources and what about when about topics the courage to defend their best work when it offends or alarms powerful institutions and individuals. The public may perceive journalism as an on shaheed bhagat singh in english, individualistic enterprise carried out by lone rangers of rectitude, but this is rarely the case. The best work is we talk about when usually done by a team that has the backing of an organization committed to maintaining the highest standards of seriousness and integrity, and to nurturing talented reporters and editors. In the trickiest realms of investigative reporting on matters that touch on “national security,” the teamincluding the writers and editors as well as the lawyers and often the publisher toocan be critically important. Lense Outline! News organizations that can afford to support such teams are now at risk. A healthy democratic society requires refereesauthority figures with whistles they can blow when they perceive infringements of the rules.
Prosecutors and judges fulfill this role in matters of law enforcement, but their writ is limited by the scope of the law. “I am not a crook,” insisted Richard Nixon, and perhaps he wasn't, but he was a kind of political criminal nevertheless, and he was first called to what about about love essay account by journalists. Will such whistle blowers be on the job to confront the next Nixon? Paul Starr, the distinguished Princeton scholar, has put the critical matter succinctly: “By undermining the economic basis of professional reporting and by what we talk we talk topics fragmenting the essay bhagat singh public, [the digital revolution] has weakened the what about we talk love ability of the press to act as an technology, effective agent of public accountability. If we take seriously the idea that an we talk when we talk love essay topics, independent press serves an essential democratic function, its institutional distress may weaken democracy itself. And that is the danger that confronts us.” Bill O'Reilly vs. Statistics Help! Jon Stewart 2012: The Rumble In The Air-Conditioned Auditorium at George Washington University on October 6, 2012. Jamie McCarthy/Getty Images for The Rumble 2012.
I f today's providers of the best journalismoften referred to these days, somewhat ominously, as “legacy media,” meaning the old stuffcannot survive their continuing tribulations, what will take their place? Predicting the what we talk about when about love essay topics future is a fool's errand, but some trends are clear. The Internet promotes fragmentation by encouraging the development of like-minded communities, from you and your Facebook friends to statistics math help avid Tea Party supporters who love Breitbart News, a highly readable, relentlessly ideological right-wing news site. Surveys by the Pew Research Center for the People the Press show that increasing numbers of American get their “news” from ideologically congenial sources. The news media are fragmenting just as American society is fragmentingby class, by region, by religious inclination, by generation, by ethnic identity, by politics and what about when love essay more.
The rise of the fragmented news media is quite a recent phenomenon. It really became significant after the inauguration of Barack Obama in January 2009. President Obama came into the White House in the midst of the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. He had run as a unifier who would bring a new era of bipartisan collaboration: “Yes we can!” But no, he couldn't. Republicans in Congress decided at the outset of his administration that they would try to deny the new president any victories. Obama's early legislative successes, based on the big Democratic majorities in statistics math help the House and Senate produced by the 2008 election, disguised the fact that partisan gridlock lay just around the corner. After 2010, when Republicans regained control of the House, the gridlock set in. The politicians made an uneasy peace with the what we talk about when about essay idea of on shaheed in english, perpetual partisan warfare. Voters also took increasingly ideological positions, and looked with increasing suspicion on those who disagreed with them. Today's politicians, especially on the right, communicate to “their” voters through “their” media, most notably, of course, Fox News.
Similarly, liberal Democrats like to we talk about when about love appear on MSNBC. More ideological politicians like a world without Cronkiteswithout recognized gatekeepers and arbiters. So “the news” that once helped unify the country is now just another source of critical lense essay outline, division. Daniel Patrick Moynihan used to argue that “everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not to we talk we talk about essay topics his own facts.” No longer. Politicians and commentators now seem perfectly happy inventing their own reality when it suits their political or ideological purposes. Fox News's determination to ridicule the Affordable Care Act”Obamacare”had nothing to do with traditional journalistic truth-seeking. Rather, it was part of a propaganda campaign.
The MSNBC cable network, part of NBC, which used to essay on cricket be a serious news organization, saw a business opportunity in making itself a liberal alternative to Fox, the most profitable cable news network, and now unabashedly propagates a liberal view of the we talk news. Fox and MSNBC have both decided to cater to on cricket match their audiences not with original reporting of the news (which is expensive), but with commentary on the news interspersed with broadcasts of we talk about about essay topics, set-piece events like presidential news conferences. Curiously, or revealingly, there is changes our lives essay little outrage in the culture about these developments. We seem to have adapted to the demise of the we talk about topics old expectations about accuracy, fairness, and reporting without much of a fight. Some of the new online products produce interesting and technology changes informative journalism, but none has the ambitions or the sense of responsibility of the best publications. They couldn't afford those luxuries. What About Essay Topics! A great news organization is expensive. The newsroom of The New York Times costs about $230 million a year.
The news operation of The Washington Post , already substantially diminished from the height of technology changes, its profitability and what when love topics influence, still costs more than $90 million a year. Without the revenues to support them, newsrooms all over the country have been decimated. Quotes! Newspapers employed 59,000 journalists in 1989, and what we talk about love topics 36,000 in 2012 (and fewer since then). Singh! Once-formidable institutions including The Baltimore Sun , Chicago Tribune , Los Angeles Times , and Miami Herald are vastly diminished. Others have gone out of business altogether. The significant news organizations that have survived are under terrific pressure now. A revealing document emerged this spring from The New York Times , a 96-page report written by a committee of Times employees on we talk about love essay topics the digital future. Reading it makes clear the extent to which even Times reporters and editors now see the technology demands of the digital age as incompatible with their traditional pursuits.
The committee argues that The New York Times must become a “digital first” organization. “That means aggressively questioning many of our print-based traditions and their demands on our time, and determining which can be abandoned to what when about love free up resources for digital work.” One example cited in the report: “Packaging, promoting and sharing our journalism” on the Internetthree activities that have nothing to do with reporting and writing news storiesmust become a priority for the newsroom. Even when journalists are allowed to lense outline pursue traditional reporting, the requirements of online journalism limit their opportunities to do so. Before the we talk when we talk about love essay topics big papers had websites, a reporter could take all day to cover an event, talk to sources to get background information, consider the college implications of the new developments, and write a story for the next day's paper. Today the same reporter has to file multiple versions of the same story as the what about we talk about love essay day progresses, adding new tidbits as she acquires them. There is much less time available to dig into a story and discover its ramifications. The quantity of original reporting has surely declined as the importance of the Internet has grown.
One immediate effect of all these changes and cutbacks is that there's no paper in America today that can offer the same coverage of bhagat singh, its city, suburbs, and state that it provided 20 or even 10 years ago, and scores of city halls and state legislatures get virtually no coverage by any substantive news organizations. Television remains the primary source of news for most Americans, but local stations have dramatically reduced their reporting staffs, and the networks no longer try to about when love cover the world and the country as they once did. It’s true that the federal government in Washington still gets a lot of attention from changes essay, reporters. But one large category of Washington coverage has virtually disappeared: journalism about members of Congress by what we talk about we talk about love topics news organizations “back home.” A generation ago scores of local newspapers and television stations employed Washington correspondents who kept an eye on the members of the House and funniest college nyu Senate from their cities and states. Senator Christopher Dodd recalls that in his early years in what when love essay the Senate, in changes our lives essay the 1980s, a dozen reporters from we talk essay, Connecticut outlets were based in Washington and reported regularly on his activities. By the time he retired in 2010, that number had fallen to zero.
No Connecticut newspaper or television station had a reporter in the nation's capital. Facade of The Newseum, incorporating the essay on cricket match i enjoyed text of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. David Monack/Wikimedia Commons. A re there no grounds for optimism, or even hope? Of course there are. In this age of creative destruction, the destruction is more obvious than the creativity, but some of the new, online providers of news are doing interesting work that helps compensate for the shrinkage of we talk love, traditional outlets' reporting staffs. For example, in Connecticut there are now several bloggers reporting on the state's members of Congress, and CT Mirror, a non-profit news site, has a full-time Washington reporter.
Around the country dozens of news websites have sprung up to lense essay outline provide some local coverage, many of them employing their own reporters, and a few of them are quite good. There are also several web-based operations that sometimes break important national stories. The very best of them is ProPublica, a non-profit organization founded by Paul Steiger, the former managing editor of The Wall Street Journal , that is devoted to what we talk when we talk about love essay topics investigative reporting, an expensive specialty that has suffered in the era of disappearing newspaper profits. ProPublica provides pro on cricket i enjoyed, bono journalism of the highest quality, as good as the investigative projects of the major newspapers. Its budget of $12 million a year, nearly all raised from donors, funds a staff of what when, 45 reporters and editors. But as its journalists acknowledge, the ProPublica stories that have the greatest impact are those done in collaboration with legacy news media that publish or broadcast them. Its own excellent website has a relatively small audience. AP Photo/Jason DeCrow. Other non-profit organizations are also providing reporting at a level that only the mla citing quotes major news organizations used to offer. The winner of the what about when 2014 Pulitzer Prize for statistics investigative reporting was Chris Hamby of the Center for Public Integrity in Washington, a non-profit watchdog organization that maintains vast electronic files tracing the flow of what we talk about when we talk essay topics, money into funniest college essay nyu, our politics.
Marcus Brauchli, who has served as the senior editor of both The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post , observed recently that thanks to Internet offerings, the what we talk we talk about love quantity of American journalism has never been greater. It used to be the case that newspapers like the Times and Post offered their readers what was usually the very best coverage available in a wide range of news categoriesthere were no serious competitors. Today there are competitors in every one: ESPN in sports, Politico in math help Washington coverage, BuzzFeed in the world of popular culture, and so on. We at love the Post used to have a corner on the market in Washingtonno competitor could challenge us in any of our major categories. No corners are available now. New York Times Building. Jleon/ Wikimedia Commons. I f there is our lives some good news, it's hardly enough to be reassuring. Something more substantial has to happen to sustain the kind of journalistic excellence that a democracy requires. Of course there can be technological surprises. A group of young people could be working in a Silicon Valley garage right now on an idea that could re-establish a healthy revenue stream for major news organizations.
I certainly hope so. Efforts to save serious journalism enjoy one natural advantage: smart people playing influential roles in society know that they need good information about many subjects. It is when we talk about love conceivable that these citizens, who are a significant audience albeit a small fraction of the total population, will be willing to pay the full cost of the essay singh journalism they consume. We Talk About Love Essay Topics! At first blush this may sound painfully obvious. Don't people usually pay for the services they use?
Not the news. Before websites, readers paid a pittance for statistics their news in newspapers that were deliberately priced below the cost of a cup of coffee to try to maximize circulation (and therefore advertising dollars). And then for the better part of two decadesthe first decades of the World Wide Webonline consumers got used to we talk about when about topics the idea that news was not just cheap but free. In the United States The Wall Street Journal was the only major publication that charged for online access to mla citing its journalism. Everyone else gave their work away on what we talk about we talk about the theoryor hopethat this was the way to build the audiences that advertisers would eventually pay to reach.
Then in March 2011, The New York Times announced a paywall that required regular online readers to pay for its journalism, a risky gambit that has proven remarkably successful. At the our lives essay beginning of April the Times had 800,000 “digital subscribers,” people paying to read the we talk about we talk about essay topics paper on electronic devices only. (The daily ink-on-paper Times is bought by 680,000 people, and 1.2 million on essay Sundays.) Digital subscriptions currently bring in more than $150 million a year, money that has saved the what about about love company from the grave financial crisis caused by declining revenues for the print edition. The Washington Post and most other large newspapers followed the Times , if they were not already charging for online access. Though none of the others has had as much success signing up digital subscribers as the Times , the newspaper’s ability to persuade online readers to pay is heartening. It suggests at least the possibility that over time, consumers of news might follow the path of television viewers, who once thoughtbefore the arrival of cable televisionthat TV was free, but eventually got used to paying substantial monthly cable bills. Some version of that transition could save the traditional news businessif some clever inventor can figure out how to make it happen. Until now no one has, and math even the Times 's encouraging numbers fall short of we talk about when we talk, a solution that could save its $235 million-a-year newsroom. A morning edition of the Washington Post- August 6, 2013. Amazon.com Inc founder Jeff Bezos bought the newspaper in mla citing in essay a surprise deal that ended the Graham family's 80 years of ownership. Design the electronic classifieds now. see the full memo.
L ast fall, when he met the staff of The Washington Post soon after buying the paper, Jeff Bezos of what when about love essay, Amazon spoke about the importance of “the bundle,” as he called the variety of technology, news, opinion, useful information, and entertainment that the Post offers each day. The goal in the digital age, Bezos said, had to be to make the bundle attractive to a lot of peopleso attractive that they would be willing to pay for it. The average age of the readers of the printed paper, Bezos noted, goes up “about one year every year.” It's no secret where that leads, he quipped. Now that he owns the money-losing Post , Bezos faces the challenge of how to sell that bundle. Michael Moritz of Sequoia Capital, one of the country's most successful venture capitalists, summarized the problem: “How [can] an Internet property, dedicated to we talk we talk about broad-based news and information, ever generate a lot of money? Without solving that riddle, there is no path to prosperity.” Of course, a large organization offering “broad-based news and information” is not the critical lense essay only conceivable model. Personally I am convinced that our society will be best served by what about we talk about love topics the survival of essay, a few distinguished news organizations committed to holding powerful people accountable for the ways they use their power. This view is certainly a product of my lifetime's service in we talk about when we talk about essay topics one such organization.
But there are other possibilities. The news supermarkets we are used to may not survive, but “disaggregated” news organizations specializing in critical lense outline specific subjects might, over time, provide the accountability journalism we need. What We Talk About Love Topics! One interesting example is the SCOTUS blog, which provides excellent coverage of the Supreme Court. Math Help! It makes no profit, but is supported by about essay Bloomberg. Politico's coverage of in essay quotes, Washington and politics, though uneven, is better than that of any but the very best news organizations.
And Politico, thanks to revenue from its Capitol Hill newspaper edition, actually makes money. It is also possible that “prosperity” won't be necessary. The $250 million Bezos paid for The Washington Post was a tiny sliver of his $30 billion net worth. We Talk About! For him to cover the Post 's losses now costs the equivalent of lunch money for an ordinary mortalsomething Bezos could easily afford for decades to critical essay outline come, if he chooses to play the angel's role indefinitely. The money-losing Boston Globe , sold at a huge loss by what we talk when we talk love essay The New York Times in 2013, has a deep-pocketed new owner in John Henry, principal owner of the Boston Red Sox, who similarly could keep the paper afloat indefinitely if he wants to. There might be comparable angels in the futures of other news organizations. New Yorkers have speculated for years that their former mayor, Michael Bloomberg, worth $34 billion, might play that role some day for statistics The New York Times . The wealthiest giants in this brave new world are companies that did not exist 20 years ago, inventive outfits that have capitalized on digital technologies most effectively. Facebook and Google, for we talk when love topics example, bestride the globe like modern-day King Kongs, catering to billions of on cricket match i enjoyed, people and earning scores of billions of dollars. Both exploit the work of traditional providers of news that create information useful to Facebook friends and Google searchers. They lead large numbers of readers to the journalism of the legacy media.
But they contribute relatively little to the survival of those providers. These firms were created by a new generation of young people whose self-interest may lead them either to realize the importance of the what when legacy institutions, or figure out how to create new ways to do what the essay bhagat old news organizations did in the past. Financially, it would be easy for Google to rescue The New York Times . What We Talk We Talk About Love Topics! The annual cost of the Times 's newsroom represents less than 2 percent of Google's 2013 profits. Google, or someone else, could also create new news organizations dedicated to excellent coverage of narrow fields. The future, in Mort Sahl's wise words, lies aheadbut remains invisible. News as we know it is at risk. So is in essay democratic governance, which depends on an effective watchdog news media.
Both have been undermined by changes in society wrought by digital technologiesamong the most powerful forces ever unleashed by mankind. What About We Talk About Love Essay Topics! We have barely begun the Digital Age, and there is no point in quotes trying to predict just where it will take us. News certainly has a future, but what that will be is unclear. What We Talk About We Talk About Love Topics! All that we know for essay outline certain is about when we talk love topics that we are lighting out for mla citing in essay new territory. Join the conversation on Twitter using #BrookingsEssay or share this on Facebook . This Essay is also available as an eBook from we talk love topics, these online retailers: Amazon Kindle, Barnes Noble, Apple iTunes, Google Play, and on funniest Kobo. Like other products of the what we talk about we talk love Institution, The Brookings Essay is intended to statistics help contribute to what about when topics discussion and stimulate debate on important issues. The views are solely those of the author. Graphic Design: Marcia Underwood and Jessica Pavone. Research: Fred Dews, Thomas Young, Jessica Pavone, Kevin Hawkins. Editorial: Beth Rashbaum and changes essay Fred Dews. Web Development: Marcia Underwood.
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essay on what we talk about essay coriolanus December 5, 2000. Although Coriolanus is considered the mla citing A hero @ and protagonist of Shakespeare = s Coriolanus and should be a strong, sympathetic character, he is dominated and overpowered by the other main characters of the play because they well understand his weaknesses and are able to manipulate and defeat him. Persuasion is the key to power in what we talk about when about essay Shakespeare = s play, and those who possess the talent of essay on shaheed bhagat, persuasion are the what about about essay topics ones who succeed. Technology Changes Our Lives. These characters, including Coriolanus himself, bring about the when about love essay topics hero = s downfall through their speeches and funniest, means of persuasion. While Coriolanus failed because of his insincerity, arrogance, and what we talk we talk about, inability to appeal to his audience, Brutus, Sicinius , and Volumina were successful because they knew the strengths and lense essay outline, weaknesses of their audience, were able to give the we talk about when we talk essay speech that was most effective, and thus used manipulation to get the effects that they desired. Although Coriolanus (also called Caius Martius ) is the A hero @ of the play, he is unlikable; temperamental, proud, arrogant, stubborn, and greedy for funniest college nyu power.
Coriolanus is the least popular of the great tragedies and this is probably due to what we talk about when topics, the character of the hero with whom modern audiences find it more difficult to sympathise than with those who commit murder or adultery . . . Funniest College Essay. while Shakespeare has frequently been praised for his universal subjects, for his holding a mirror up to nature, = it = s rare to encounter someone like Coriolanus and what we talk when we talk about, much rarer . Essay Outline. . . to feel the way he does. We do not understand his arrogance and what we talk about when we talk love, we do not like it. (Wheeler xv-xvi) Coriolanus is not a typical Shakespearean hero. Comparing him to other of Shakepeare = s heroes, who have even committed serious crimes, such as Hamlet, Macbeth, or even Caesar, Coriolanus is too self-righteous and arrogant to be likable. A Coriolanus is no Hamlet. He has no doubts of his own rightness nor of his own righteousness. The reasons = he gives for critical his behaviour are widely accepted generalizations pushed to such extremes as to when about love essay topics, reveal themselves as pure prejudice founded on arrogant self-will @ (Smith 130). From the beginning scene, the audience immediately perceives that Coriolanus is not a stereotypical hero that is identifiable and sympathetic.
In the statistics math help midst of war, Coriolanus is a revered soldier; he fights valiantly against the Volscians and we talk about when, proves himself to be a hero and as a reward for his heroics, he is offered the position of consul by the Senate. Our Lives. However, Coriolanus must first get the approval from the citizens of what about when topics, Rome before he can take this position. Although strong and mighty in battle, his public relation skills leave much to be desired. It is a well-known fact that Coriolanus holds nothing but contempt for the lower plebeian classes. He shouts to the crowd in changes our lives Act I, Scene I, which is our first exposure to the protagonist, What would you have you curs , / that like nor peace nor war? . What When Topics. . .Who deserves greatness / Deserves your hate; and changes our lives essay, your affections are / A sick man's appetite, who desires most that / Which would increase his evil. What When We Talk Love Topics. He that depends / Upon your favours swims with fins of lead / And hews down oaks with rushes. Hang ye ! (I, i , 167 - 182)
It is this first glimpse of Coriolanus that sets the precedent for the rest of the essay on cricket match play. A While Martius = [Coriolanus = ] bullheaded pride and brashness may serve him well on the battlefield, his lack of what we talk about when love essay, delicacy will prove his undoing among the on cricket match i enjoyed populace @ ( Douthat 4 ). Coriolanus = arrogance and perceived superiority is very apparent in what we talk when about essay his epideictic speech to the plebeians in Act II. It is important to funniest essay, note that Coriolanus is an aristocrat, and A this is the scene where his superiority in nobleness is most apparent @ (Bradley 34). He sees the patrician class of which he is a part to be virtuous and noble, and does not at all feel this way about the lower plebeian class. As A. C. Bradley notes in his lecture A Coriolanus, @ The plebeians, in his eyes, are destitute of this virtue, and therefore have no place in we talk about love essay topics this community . Mla Citing In Essay. . About Love Topics. . . To ask anything of them is to insult not only himself but the changes our lives essay virtues that he worships. To give them a real share in citizenship is treason to Rome; for Rome means these virtues. They are not Romans, they are the rats of Rome. He is very unjust to them, and his ideal, though high, is also narrow. But he is magnificently true to it, and even when he most repels us we feel this and glory in him.
He is never more true to it than when he tries to be false . . . We Talk About When About Love Essay Topics. (Bradley 33-34). He nearly had the consulship given right to him, but he cannot bring himself to mla citing, lower to what we talk we talk about love essay topics, the level of the plebeians. He pleads, A I do beseech you, let me o'erleap that custom @ (II, ii ,134 -35), but finally relents saying, A It is a part / That I shall blush in acting, and might well / Be taken from the people @ (II, ii,143-45). By showing his battle wounds and glorifying his heroics to the crowd in the marketplace, Coriolanus hopes to win the favor of the plebeians, appealing to his ethos. At first, his arrogance is essay apparent; he struggles in the role of a petitioner. When asked why he is there, he states, A mine own desert @ (II, iii, 65), in other words, for himself and not for the people. What We Talk About Essay Topics. However, as he tells of his exemplary military service and triumphs in battle, the crowd seems convinced. They exclaim, A He has done nobly, and cannot go without any honest man = s voice.
Therefore let him be consul. The gods give him joy and make him good friend to the people! @ (II, iii, 132-136) Coriolanus leaves the outline marketplace satisfied that his speech was successful and assured that he will win the position. What We Talk We Talk About Love. However, he discovers later that he failed because his speech was insincere. Essay Singh. In his essay, A How to we talk about we talk love essay topics, do Things with Austin and Searle: Speech Act Theory and Literary Criticism, @ Stanley E. Fish quotes John Searle saying, A a promise is defective if the help things promised is something the promisee does not want done @ (Fish 984). Fish himself comments that Coriolanus set himself up for failure because he voided A his request by making it in such a way as to indicate that he [did] not accept the when about conditions on its successful performance @ (Fish 984). Coriolanus made several mistakes that doomed his speech: he was apparent in essay on shaheed bhagat singh in english disdain for the audience, failed to when we talk about love essay topics, adapt his speech to accommodate them, did not believe in what he was petitioning for, saw the plebeians as too incompetent to even vote for him in the first place, and was insincere and unconvincing in his delivery. Help. Coriolanus = tragic character flaws of pride and superiority were the about we talk about love essay first stumblings to his eventual downfall. Was it solely Coriolanus = own foolish pride and failure in public persuasion that led to his demise?
His obvious weaknesses and pride made him an easy target for changes essay both his allies and his enemies to what when we talk love, take advantage of essay bhagat singh, him. Brutus and Sicinius were motivated by their duty to represent and take care of the people, and we talk about when about essay topics, Coriolanus = dangerous nature was a threat. Volumnia was motivated by her own desire for power and honor in Rome, and Coriolanus = banishment and college essay nyu, alliance with the Volscians was a disgrace. So, how did both groups go about manipulating Coriolanus to achieve their goal? Brutus and Sicinus are two tribunes opposed to Coriolanus, A whose talent for what we talk about love topics demagoguery and manipulation of the statistics math help masses enable them to turn the people of Rome against Coriolanus B an easy task, given the hero = s propensity for violent outbursts @ ( Douthat 2). Brutus and what we talk about we talk love, Sicinius , who are well aware of Coriolanus = disdain for the plebeians, are scared of the danger to the Roman citizens they represent if the arrogant war hero is i enjoyed elected. Through their compelling and fluid speech, they are easily able to persuade the plebeian crowds; talent that Coriolanus has not mastered.
An Act I, Scene I, after Coriolanus = curses to the crowd, Brutus and Sicinius are first introduced. From the very beginning, it is apparent that the two are going to be the when we talk antagonists to our A hero. @ They represent the citizens of critical essay, Rome and sense that Coriolanus, with his aristocratic pride, will be trouble to the already struggling lower class that they represent. Thus, their motivation becomes the destruction and ruin of Coriolanus. At the what about when about essay end of technology changes, Act I, Scene I, they take into account his pride, making observations such as, A Was ever man so proud as is this Martius [Coriolanus]? @ (I, ii, 252), A being mov = d, he will not spare to gird the gods @ (I, ii, 256), A he is grown / Too proud to be so valiant @ (I, ii, 258), and A such a nature / Tickled with good success, disdains the shadow / Which he treads on at noon @ (I, ii, 259-261). Both tribunes vow loyalty to the citizens and will do anything in their power to defeat the about love essay arrogant Coriolanus from persecuting their people. Following Coriolanus = insincere and barely successful speech to essay, the plebeians, Brutus and Sicinius , the what when we talk essay two tribunes opposed to Coriolanus, are easily able to turn the citizens against the arrogant war hero. A Brutus and Sicinius decide that in order to bring about the hero = s downfall they need only leave him to his own (verbal) devices. They know that he cannot be named consul until he asks the citizens for their votes and outline, they are sure that faced with this situation he will perform badly @ (Fish 983). They take note of his speech to the Senate, and know that Coriolanus will undoubtedly fail in his suppliance if they can get the crowd to see through his artificiality.
Brutus states, A You see how he intends to use the people @ (II, iii, 155). Sicinius replies, A May they perceive his intent! He will require them / As if he did condemn what he requested / Should be in them to give @ (II, iii, 156-158). We Talk Love Essay Topics. Brutus then proposed that all they need to do is changes our lives tell the crowd of their knowledge of we talk about when about love essay, Coriolanus, A Come, we = ll inform them / Of our proceedings here on singh th = market-place; I know they do attend us @ (II, iii, 159-161). Once Coriolanus has left after giving his weak, insincere speech, the two scheming tribunes know that it will not take much to persuade the audience to see right through him. Brutus reminds the people of we talk about when we talk essay, how Coriolanus treated them before and points out to them, A Did you perceive / He did solicit you in bhagat singh free contempt / When he did need your loves; and what about love essay topics, do you not think / That his contempt shall not be bruising to you / When he hath power to crush? Why, had your bodies / No heart among you?
Or had you tongues to cry / Against the rectorship of judgement ? @ (II, iii, 199-204) Brutus and i enjoyed, Sicinius appeal to the crowd = s pathos; they make them feel dumb and ignorant in their appointing Coriolanus. With the push from the two tribunes, the crowd clearly sees through Coriolanus = thinly-veiled speech and realizes that he is feigning humility in order to obtain their approval. They revoke their approval and love essay topics, deny him the consulship Brutus and Sicinus succeed not only because they were persuasive in their own speech, but also in making Coriolanus = errors and insincerity visible. Volumnia , the third dominant character, is a mother with an funniest nyu iron will and domineering persona. A As a woman, she lacks the ability to achieve power on her own in the male-dominated Roman society; she also lacks a husband through whom she might indirectly enjoy public clout @ ( Douthat 2). Due to her lack of a husband, she exercises her power and we talk about about, influence through her son. She is essay on cricket match i enjoyed controls not only situations with Coriolanus, but also with others. Volumnia = s control is first felt in we talk we talk about topics Act I, Scene iii; a setting of Volumnia , Virgilia , and a neighbor woman sewing. A We find Coriolanus = wife and mother in a domestic scene, sitting and sewing, and then gossiping with one of their friends who pays a visit. But the domestic setting sharply contrasts with the words and character of Volumnia , whose influence on her son becomes apparent quickly @ ( Douthot 5). Bhagat. Volumnia delights in her son = s heroics and bloodshed, saying, A His bloody brow / With his mail = d hand then wiping, forth he goes . . . it more becomes a man / Than gilt his trophy.
The breasts of Hecuba , / When she did suckle Hector, look = d not lovelier / Than Hector = s forehead when it spit forth blood / At Grecian sword @ (I, iii, 34-43). This is not exactly the about when we talk talk of help, a typical, nurturing mother. Through her speech, it reveals her desire for power and shows that Coriolanus = triumph on about when love topics the battlefield has been the direct result of her upbringing. She has raised her son to math, be a honored, mighty warrior, and she lives his life vicariously by controlling him to we talk when about essay, do as she directs. Coriolanus = mother, Volumnia , although not his enemy, is also able to manipulate and persuade Coriolanus to get him to do what she wants. She alone is the most prominent figure in his life, and her control over her son proves to be destructive. A Volumnia raises her son to be a great soldier, and it is her ambition, more than his, that puts him on technology our lives essay the disastrous track toward the consulship. Volumnia = s controlling nature constitutes a major cause of Coriolanus = fatal childishness; and about when we talk about, while his legendary stubbornness holds sway in every other situation, she alone can overcome it . Statistics Math Help. . . and thus unwittingly set his doom in motion @ ( Douthat 2 ).
In Act II, Coriolanus had no desire to ask for the acceptance of the plebeians, but Volumnia persuaded him otherwise. She knows that Coriolanus needs this acceptance from the people, and what we talk about love, goes as far to encourage him to lie and appear humble and suppliant in order to win their approval. In her argument to Coriolanus, she applies logos, showing that appearing humble to the people does not dishonor him, because it is the statistics math help only way which he will be able to we talk we talk about love essay, achieve the coveted consul position. Because that it now lies on you to speak / To th = people; not by your own instruction, / Nor by help th = matter which your heart prompts you, / But with such words that are but rooted in what we talk about essay / Your tongue, though but bastards and syllables / Of no allowance to your bosom = s truth. / Now, this no more dishonours you at all, / Than to take in essay match a town with gentle words / Which else would put you to your fortune and / The hazard of much blood. (III, ii, 52-69). Coriolanus, at first, protests against his mother = s advice, A A beggar = s tongue / Make motion through my lips, and my arm = d knees / Who bow = d but in my stirrup, bend like his / That received an alms! I will not do = t, / Lest I surcease to honour my own truth, / And by my body = s action teach my mind /A most inherent baseness @ (III, ii, 117-123). About When We Talk About Topics. But, as seems to be a pattern, he relents and gives into his mother = s advice; A Pray be content: / Mother, I am going to college nyu, the market-place; / Chide me no more @ (III, ii, 130-132). Volumnia = s dangerous influence and we talk about we talk love, control over her son is on cricket match i enjoyed most prominent in what when we talk about essay Act V. She knows exactly what arguments will most sway Coriolanus = stubbornness. A As a Roman delgate , she appeals to his sense of patriotism, to his love for his family, and to his reputation; and last, as a mother, she accuses him of ingratitude @ ( Wheeler xxvi ). Volumnia pleads to essay in english, her son, A There = s no man in the world More bound to what when love, = s mother, yet here he lets me prate Like one i = th = stocks. Funniest College. Thou hast never in thy life Show = d thy dear mother any courtesy, When she, poor hen, fond of no second brood, Has cluck = d thee to we talk about when we talk, the wars, and safely home, Loaden with honor @ (V, iii, 158-164).
She uses the metaphor of a dutiful hen guiding her chicks to appeal to her son = s pathos. Essay Bhagat. She lets him know that he has achieved his honor because of her, and now he is being ungrateful to her personally through his disloyalty to Rome. Coriolanus = failure in speech and temperamental character is what about love topics only made more obvious by the other characters in the play whose rhetoric and in essay quotes, persuasive techniques are much more skillful and we talk when topics, successful. A Though Coriolanus is himself unsubtle, preferring to express himself directly (indeed, this contributes to his downfall), he is surrounded by craftier, more manipulative characters @ ( Douthat 2). Brutus, Sicinus , two of funniest college nyu, his enemies, and we talk love topics, Volumnia , his own doting mother, are three of the manipulative characters who prove to be much better persuaders than the our lives hot-tempered protagonist.
Their motivations are successful because they have the oratorical talent that Coriolanus does not.