Write My Research Paper for Me -
The Road Not Taken essays
a synthesis essay A synthesis is a written discussion that draws on one or more sources. It follows that your ability to write syntheses depends on essay your ability to dissertation about infer relationships among sources - essays, articles, fiction, and essay the road, also nonwritten sources, such as lectures, interviews, observations. This process is nothing new for you, since you infer relationships all the time - say, between something you've read in the newspaper and something you've seen for yourself, or between the phd thesis, teaching styles of your favorite and least favorite instructors. In fact, if you've written research papers, you've already written syntheses. In an academic synthesis, you make explicit the relationships that you have inferred among separate sources. The skills you've already been practicing in this course will be vital in writing syntheses.
Clearly, before you're in a position to draw relationships between two or more sources, you must understand what those sources say; in other words, you must be able to summarize these sources. It will frequently be helpful for the road not taken, your readers if you provide at least partial summaries of sources in your synthesis essays. At the same time, you must go beyond summary to make judgments - judgments based, of course, on your critical reading of your sources - as you have practiced in your reading responses and in class discussions. You should already have drawn some conclusions about the hacker thesis statement, quality and validity of these sources; and you should know how much you agree or disagree with the points made in not taken, your sources and the reasons for your agreement or disagreement. Further, you must go beyond the critique of individual sources to communication essays in nursing determine the relationship among them. Essay. Is the information in source B, for past tense, example, an extended illustration of the generalizations in source A? Would it be useful to compare and contrast source C with source B? Having read and essay the road, considered sources A, B, and C, can you infer something else - D (not a source, but your own idea)? Because a synthesis is hacker statement based on two or more sources, you will need to essay the road be selective when choosing information from european journal of scientific research paper, each. It would be neither possible nor desirable, for instance, to discuss in a ten-page paper on the battle of Wounded Knee every point that the authors of essay, two books make about their subject. What you as a writer must do is select the ideas and information from hacker statement, each source that best allow you to achieve your purpose. Your purpose in reading source materials and then in drawing upon them to write your own material is often reflected in the wording of an the road not taken assignment. For example, your assignment may ask that you evaluate a text, argue a position on hacker statement a topic, explain cause and effect relationships, or compare and contrast items.
While you might use the same sources in essay the road not taken, writing an argumentative essay as your classmate uses in writing a comparison/contrast essay, you will make different uses of those sources based on the different purposes of the assignments. What you find worthy of detailed analysis in Source A may be mentioned only in passing by dissertation, your classmate. USING YOUR SOURCES. Your purpose determines not only what parts of essay not taken, your sources you will use but also how you will relate them to one another. Since the very essence of synthesis is the combining of information and ideas, you must have some basis on which to combine them. Some relationships among the material in you sources must make them worth sythesizing. It follows that the better able you are to discover such relationships, the hacker thesis statement, better able you will be to use your sources in writing syntheses. Your purpose in writing (based on your assignment) will determine how you relate your source materials to one another.
Your purpose in writing determines which sources you use, which parts of them you use, at which points in your essay you use them, and in what manner you relate them to one another. THE ARGUMENT SYNTHESIS: The purpose of an argument synthesis is for you to present your own point of not taken, view - supported, of european journal of scientific research, course, by relevant facts, drawn from sources, and presented in a logical manner. The thesis of an argumentative essay is the road debatable. It makes a proposition about which reasonable people could disagree, and college admissions essay, any two writers working with the same source materials could conceive of and support other, opposite theses. 2. Keep in mind that original thought and the road, insightful analysis are required for a 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 paper; 2.5 and below evaluations tend not to present original ideas.
3. Essays. A 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 paper will create a dialogue between the essay author's ideas and her sources, and also among the sources themselves. 2.5 and below evaluations will often summarize one point at a time, with the essay author's idea stated at the road the end. If you imagine a synthesis essay as a room in which the synthesis writer is joined by the authors of her/his sources, the 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 essay has everyone engaged in thesis statement, conversation or debate, with everyone commenting on (or arguing against) each other's ideas directly. In the the road not taken, 2.5 and below essay, each person in the room stands up in dame college essay, turn, gives a speech, and sits down, with little or no question and answer period in between or afterward. 4. Take special care to address your audience in essay not taken, an appropriate manner. Make sure you establish your credibility on on university life the subject and that you provide sufficient information to make your argument (thesis) convincing. 5. Organize your paper logically: A. State your thesis clearly and make sure that it reflects the essay not taken, focus of thesis statement, your essay.
B. Make sure your main points are clearly stated (use topic sentences), and connect each point to your thesis as explicitly as possible. C. Divide paragraphs logically. D. Provide appropriate transitions both within and between paragraphs. 6. Essay Not Taken. Develop each main idea thoroughly. Use specific examples and source materials appropriately as support. Be sure to integrate source materials smoothly into your own writing using attribution phrases and past, transitions. Not Taken. Also be sure to avoid unnecessary repetition (repetition is often an organization problem). 7. Select words precisely. When in doubt, use a dictionary! 8. Make sure sentences are clear and thesis statement, unambiguous. Avoid passive voice.
Double-check to see that sentences are adequately varied in not taken, length and style, and that there are no fragments or run-ons. Also proofread carefully to correct any other sentence errors. 9. Proofread carefully to identify and correct mechanical errors, such as errors in thesis statement, plurals or possessives, subject-verb agreement, shifts in verb tense or person (you), comma errors, spelling errors, and so on. 10. Quadruple check your MLA documentation. Are your parenthetical citations correct? Is your Works Cited list correct according to MLA style, and does it include all sources cited in your essay? 11.
Be sure to not taken give your essay a descriptive and attention-getting title (NOT Synthesis, for goodness sake. ). 12. Make sure your essay is european journal of scientific research paper submission formatted correctly and posted to your web site correctly. Consider your purpose in writing. Read the topic assignment carefully. What are you trying to accomplish in your essay? How will this purpose shape the way you approach your sources? Select and carefully read your sources, according to your purpose. Re-read the sources, mentally summarizing each.
Identify those aspects or parts of your sources that will help you in fulfilling your purpose. When rereading, label or underline the passages for essay the road, main ideas, key terms, and any details you want to use in hacker statement, the synthesis. Formulate a thesis. Your thesis is the main idea that you want to present in the road not taken, your synthesis. It must be expressed as a complete sentence and dame admissions, include a statement of the topic and your assertion about that topic. Sometimes the thesis is the first sentence, but more often it is the final sentence of the first paragraph. Decide how you will use your source material and take notes. How will the information and the ideas in your sources help you to fulfill your purpose? Re-read your sources and write down the information from your sources that will best develop and support your thesis.
Develop and organizational plan, according to your thesis. Essay. (See Techniques for Developing Synthesis Essays immediately below.) How will you arrange your material? It is not necessary to european of scientific research submission prepare a formal outline, but you should have some plan in mind that will indicate the the road, order in which you will present your material and that will indicate the relationships among your sources. Write the first draft of your synthesis, following your organizational plan. Be flexible with your plan, however, and thesis, allow yourself room to incorporate new ideas you discover as you write. As you discover and incorporate new ideas, re-read your work frequently to ensure that your thesis still accounts for what follows and the road not taken, that what follows still logically supports your thesis. Document your sources.
Use MLA-style in-text citations and a Works Cited list to credit your sources for all material you quote, paraphrase, or summarize. For example, if I wanted to note in my essay the phd thesis past, difference between name-calling and argumentum ad hominem as personal forms of attack, I would credit the article on the road not taken Politics: The Art of Bamboozling from WARAC by offering a citation that includes the author's last name and the exact page number where she discussed this notion (Cross 302). At the end of the essay, I would have a complete bibliographic citation for the Politics article. Revise your synthesis. Insert transitional words and phrases where necessary. Integrate all quotations so they flow smoothly within your own sentences. Use attribution phrases to essays on university life distinguish between your sources' ideas and your own ideas. Make sure the essay reads smoothly, logically, and clearly from essay the road, beginning to end. Check for grammatical correctness, punctuation, and phd thesis, spelling. TECHNIQUES FOR DEVELOPING SYNTHESIS ESSAYS. Summary can be useful - and sophisticated - if handled judiciously, selectively, and in combination with other techniques.
At some time you may need to summarize a crucial source in some detail. At another point, you may wish to summarize a key section or paragraph of a source in a single sentence. Try to anticipate what your reader needs to know at any given point of your paper in order to comprehend or appreciate fully the point you are making. EXAMPLE OR ILLUSTRATION: At one or more points in your paper, you may wish to refer to a particularly illuminating example or illustration from your source material. You might paraphrase this example (i.e., recount it, in some detail, in your own words), summarize it, or quote it directly from your source. Essay The Road Not Taken. In all these cases, of course, you would properly credit your source. TWO (OR MORE) REASONS: The two reasons approach can be an extremely effective method of statement, development. You simply state your thesis, then offer reasons why the statement is true, supported by essay the road not taken, evidence from phd thesis past, your sources. You can advance as many reasons for the truth of your thesis as needed; but save the essay not taken, most important reason(s) for last, because the notre dame college, end of the paper is essay the road not taken what will remain most clearly in the reader's mind. STRAWMAN: When you use the strawman technique, you present an on university argument against essay not taken your thesis, but immediately afterward you show that this argument is weak or flawed.
The advantage of this technique is that you demonstrate your awareness of the other side of the argument and show that you are prepared to answer it. The strawman argument first presents an introduction and thesis, then the main opposing argument, a refutation of the opposing argument, and finally a positive argument. CONCESSION: Like the strawman, the concession technique presents the opposing viewpoint, but it does not proceed to demolish the opposition. Instead, it concedes that the opposition has a valid point but that, even so, the positive argument is the stronger one. This method is particularly valuable when you know your reader holds the opposing view. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST: Comparison and contrast techniques enable you to examine two subjects (or sources) in european paper submission, terms of one another. When you compare, you consider similarities. When you contrast, you consider differences. By comparing and contrasting, you perform a multifaceted analysis that often suggests subtleties that otherwise might not have come to your attention.
To organize a comparison/contrast analysis, you must carefully read sources in essay, order to discover significant criteria for thesis, analysis. A criterion is essay not taken a specific point to which both of phd thesis past tense, your authors refer and about which they may agree or disagree. The best criteria are those that allow you not only to not taken account for obvious similarities and differences between sources but also to plumb deeper, to essays life more subtle and significant similarities and differences. There are two basic formulas for essay the road not taken, comparison/contrast analysis:
Write My Essay : 100% Original Content -
The Road Not Taken Essay Sample | …
My Aim In Life Essay Essays and Research Papers. Short essay on my aim in life to become a doctor Short essay on my . aim in essay the road not taken, life to become a doctor . Short essay on hacker thesis, my aim in essay the road not taken, life to become a doctor All PDF An essay on my aim in life , Essay W riting Service W ebsites Free essay writing in life, english my aim in the road, life composition. Short Essay on My Aim in Life - Important. Some doctors are specialists, such as heart specialist, eye specialist etc. Thesis Statement! a doctor who Short Essay on My Aim in Life Short Paragraph on not taken, My Mother for Kids. Thats my aim in notre essay, life. Essay , Goal , Writing 1239 Words | 3 Pages. Unforgettable incident of my life it was the first day of September. My result of i.com was to essay the road not taken be declared on that . day. I had been waiting for the day with anxiety and curiosity. I got up at six o’ clock. European Of Scientific Research Paper Submission! I took bath and prayed to God to grant me success.
My mind was swinging between hope and fear. It was strange stage of the road not taken, anxiety and expectation I was not sure what was slotted for notre dame college admissions essay, me. My parents had high expectation of me. At one moment I was sure that I would pass obtaining Grade A. Essay The Road Not Taken! Again, I feared. Anxiety , English-language films , Life 972 Words | 3 Pages. Aimless life is certainly a sin. Past Tense! Many people have no definite aim in life . They are like the travelers going ahead . without any destination. Such people lead an essay, aimless life and what they do in life , is largely a matter of chance, determined by the circumstances in which they happen to be placed. Hacker Thesis! Aimless people do not achieve anything in life . They just live because they have to live.
One should have a definite purpose of life . The people who want success in life , first of essay, all, determine their target. Alexander Graham Bell , Electric motor , Electrical engineering 827 Words | 3 Pages. to the ivory tower of pure reason unmindful of the realities of of scientific research, life . It is essay not taken not a mere empty statement to say that the communication, modern mind lives, . breathers and has his being in this age of science. In every minor detail of essay the road, our life science plays a very valuable role. I wish to contribute my share in making this world better than I find it. Essays Life! At the very beginning, I may make it clear that if I were a scientist, I would like to carry on my work in the province of pure science.
Pure science is the road not taken a relentless. Epistemology , Human , Religion 834 Words | 3 Pages. MY AIM IN LIFE AUTOMOBILE ENGINEER Categories of automobile:- Introduction:- Automobile engineers design, . test, develop and manufacture automotive products such as heavy and light vehicles. They help the automotive industry to meet new challenges, for example, making sure that vehicles are safe, environmentally friendly and fuel-efficient. They work not just on cars and life, commercial vehicles but also buses, coaches, tanks and racing cars. WORK ACTIVITIES:- Designing and developing a vehicle. 2000s automobiles , 2010s automobiles , All wheel drive vehicles 847 Words | 3 Pages.
_____________________________________ Date ________________________________ Period ___ My Dream Life Essay Due . The Road! Date: Typed final drafts are due on _______________________ at the beginning of the about, period. Essay The Road Not Taken! Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Hacker! Organization of the road not taken, Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the “hooks” from the six choices on side 2. Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends, relationships, house. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. My Ambition In Life Essay To Become A C.
My ambition in dame college admissions essay, life essay to become a collector Free Essays on My Ambition In . Life To Become A Collector for students. Use our papers to the road not taken help you with yours. My Ambition Become a Collector: exaggeration of your dream and thoughts of how you want to be in your life . My ambition is to become an IAS officer. Though I. Tense! My ambition in the road, life is to become a teacher. There are a number of reasons for my choice. First, about 35 per cent of the people in India are illiterate.
They are. Plan essay thirsha Websites. Essay , Writing 1073 Words | 4 Pages. really saw it full expressed. The other virtues follow from it. He never gives and defends a definition of it although he does characterize it. 2. European Journal Paper Submission! It is . dearer than life itself--the man of jen will sacrifice his life to preserve jen, and conversely it is what makes life worth living. 3. Essay Not Taken! Jen is a sense for the dignity of essays, human life --a feeling of humanity towards others and essay the road, self-esteem for yourself. a. Such feeling applies to all men--not just one nation or race. Phd Thesis Past Tense! It is the foundation of.
Confucianism , Confucius , Human 1239 Words | 6 Pages. benefits of local breeds. They also focus on stall feeding methods as a way of supporting natural vegetation regeneration, since goats are acute grazers if . left to roam. Essay Not Taken! Two pairs of pure-bred Nubian and Boer goats have been obtained from the about, Asian Rural Life Development Foundation (ARLDF) in the Philippines. Nubians are goats bred for not taken, milk production, yielding about two litres of milk per day. The Boer is an thesis, improved goat bred primarily for meat; a mature ram can weigh from 110-135 kg (240-300 lbs) and. Angora rabbit , Goat , Livestock 1259 Words | 4 Pages. Respected Sir, Re: APPLICATION FOR ANY SUITABLE POST With respect I beg to essay the road not taken submit my following particulars, with the . request to please consider the same for any suitable post in your leading organization:- Career Objective: Aspiring to work in a Reputable Organization where there is an opportunity to gain knowledge to grow. Personal Data.
Name : Sajid Bashir Father’s Name : Bashir Ahmed Date of birth : June – 30 – 1986 Education. Experience , Hebrew numerals , Karachi 458 Words | 4 Pages. Everyone is different – this is one of the few things in my life where I have no doubt. And since everyone is european journal of scientific paper different, then his . dreams, ideals and perspective are different. But everyone in essay, this world there is no other perspective than his own.
As we try to put a strange place, it only communication essays, managed to touch the foreign thoughts and feelings, and is quite short. Not Taken! But not every time you try to put in place to in nursing someone else, you need to the road not taken change our mindset and our way of thinking. There is a really a much. Bee Gees , Debut albums , Earth 921 Words | 3 Pages. ? Responsibility My Life Philosophy Danielle Jack Lac Courte Oreilles Community College . Essays Life! Responsibility/ My Life Philosophy I thought about essay the road being a little baby and communication, being very adorable. Many say I was very cute with my green eyes and my long hair.
How precious and fun I must have been. I was a gift from the Creator. He searched for a beautiful woman and essay the road, man to create me. I was to hacker statement be doted over and treasured. Essay! Instead I was abandoned and put into very abusive foster homes. What happened. Creator deity , English-language films , Family 1060 Words | 4 Pages. | My Life | The absolute true story of my life . | | Malik Flournoy | 8/22/2012 | U.S. . History Mueller U.S.
History Mueller | “ Life is only as complicated as you make it,” my mom would always say to me. My life has been great so far, then bad at times. But in retrospect my life may seem better than others. Of Scientific Submission! Although that may be the case, my life isn’t as perfect as it may appear. Being me I had to go through a father-less childhood with a “pop-up father”, brainless injuries. Aerosmith , American films , Debut albums 1195 Words | 4 Pages.
A Moment That Changed My Life - Essay. This is essay the road not taken my creative essay for the Film Program at NYU. The prompt was: Introduce yourself. Describe an unforgettable event in . your life and how it changed your perception of yourself or the phd thesis past, view of someone close to you. This event can be dramatic and/or comedic. The assignment may be written as a short story in the first person or as an essay . Essay The Road! My one fear is that my essay is hard to understand. So any feedback on how it reads to dame college admissions essay other people would be a huge help. Essay Not Taken! And also any gramatical errors.
2002 albums , 2004 singles , 2006 albums 1785 Words | 5 Pages. movies that have the same affect on our thought process. In the story, “The Love of My Life ”, it is obvious that the two . teenagers' love for each other colors everything around them. Essays Life! It also colors how they view life . You will see how their misconceptions of life have come about. The story tells of two teenagers' concept of a perfect world.
Then their perfect world comes crashing down due to carelessness and life suddenly looks different. Reality sets in, but only to essay the road one of notre admissions, them. China and Jeremy. Arrest , Bradley Whitford , Eddie Vedder 1284 Words | 3 Pages. Significant Event in the road not taken, My Life Essay. Significant Event in My Life Life seems to phd thesis past tense take many twists and essay, turns that somehow mesh into communication essays, each other to form a . chaotic knot of the road not taken, happenings. All of these occurrences are supposed to communication in nursing shape you into a wiser more experienced person. Many people can even pin point the not taken, exact moment in their life which was forever changed by a single event. On University Life! When that event happens it becomes an unforgettable memory for you and teaches you a lesson that becomes one of the essay the road not taken, basic guidelines in your life . Communication In Nursing! The event that forever. Experience , High school , Sociology 1532 Words | 4 Pages.
It is more likely that the essay “ My aim in life ” is an admission one. Essay Not Taken! It means that you will write . it when applying to a college/university. Essays Life! However, if you are a freshman, your tutor can assign the essay “ My aims in life ” to check your writing and thinking skills. The Road! Anyway, you have to be ready to disclose this essay topic. On the one hand, the about, essay “ My aim in life ” does not seem to be difficult. You just need to write about yourself and your goals. However, some students may face certain difficulties.
Essay , Essay mill , Essays 438 Words | 2 Pages. better by $465,600. 4. MEMORANDUM Date: October 10, 2013 To: Chief Operating Officer From: Production Manager Subject: Production Report . I would like to start off by thanking you for the road, taking time from your busy schedule to in nursing read my production report. The Road! Currently, we are using a production method that gives Moline Plant overtime production due to the fact that their operating income rate is much more desirable than Peoria. However, I would like to recommend that we produce more units. Contribution margin , Cost , Costs 609 Words | 3 Pages. Machiel de Groot Mrs. Journal Research Paper Submission! Carne AVID 9 March 28 2013 My Mandala DRAFT 2222222 Everybody has things that are important to them and their . Essay The Road Not Taken! lives. In this essay , I will be explaining what is hacker important to me and why they are big aspects of the road, my life .. Essays! The things that are most important in my life are as follows: Sports, Music, Family, Education, and most of essay, all: my best friend. In my Avid class, we were asked to make a “Mandala”, a circular piece of paper split into four slices with one space left in. A Wonderful Life , All You Need Is Love , English-language films 1332 Words | 3 Pages.
* 1.Is my title and introduction enticing? * My title and introduction is in my opinion enticing. Statement! . * 2.Is my thesis effective? * I believe that my thesis statement is very effective. * 3.Have I included enough details so the reader can visualize my experience? * The details included in my essay should give the reader a clear view on my experience. * 4.Are the events presented in essay the road, a logical sequence? * The events included in past tense, my essay are presented in. Armed forces , English-language films , Essay 834 Words | 3 Pages. update me in essay the road, my daily lives, like what is happening in the government, education, religions, and economy or to our social institutions which is . the structure of our society. These will also develop my own behavior and my interaction to dame other people. The Road Not Taken! I can clearly understand why there are different peoples with different characteristics, ideas, beliefs, principles and values. On University! It can also affect me through the influence of the different peoples in my own environment. It lets me know what is my role as. Better , Institution , Person 1247 Words | 3 Pages. Renal Wise Mark Covert Health 101 Accepting Death and the road not taken, Dying In your life , you will face situations that cause you grief.
One of the notre dame essay, . toughest of those situations is the not taken, death of a loved one. The grief following the loss can be depressing and may feel unbearable at times, but it is important to remember that grief is a healing process. Everyone deals with grief differently; it can either be from the death of a family member, loved one, or close friend. Dying is usually perceived as a form. Acceptance , Afterlife , Crime 1628 Words | 4 Pages. ? My Aim in on university life, Life Browning an English poet says, . “The aim , if reached or not makes great the life ”. Human beings are superior to others because they plan their lives. Sometimes this planning is short term. The Road Not Taken! Sometimes it is long term. Long term planning is called aim . It is college essay also called ambition.
Aim is the target which we want to achieve, towards which our physical and the road, mental abilities are focused. Life is the period which starts from. Henry David Thoreau , Human , Meaning of life 520 Words | 2 Pages. My name is Yasmin binti Zainal Abidin. Currently I am a student in Universiti Selangor (UNISEL) which is one of the private institutions in . Selangor.I am now in the first semester doing Foundation in Management.
At this very moment, I am writing an essay about ‘ MY LIFE ’. Phd Thesis Past! It is an assignment for the road not taken, the Computer Applications subject given by my lecturer, Mr. Izwan Suhadak. My life started when I was born on hacker, 22nd October 1993 at about 6pm.I was born in Subang Jaya Medical Centre. I was given a name. High school , Hussein Onn , Primary education 1816 Words | 5 Pages. Ralph Waldo Emerson I. Introduction A man who has his own mind and beliefs, He has varieties of essay the road, quotes. Hacker Thesis Statement! A quote that got my . Not Taken! attention “Do not go where the path may lead, go instead of hacker thesis statement, where there is no path and leave a trail”, by Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ralph was a confident man, who created wonderful quotes, poetry, and stories all straight from his mind. A gentle that went through a lot, and still managed to accomplished his goals. II.
Biographical Sketch Ralph Waldo. Amos Bronson Alcott , Concord, Massachusetts , Henry David Thoreau 730 Words | 5 Pages. An Experience That Changed My Life Essay. Introduction: In life we all have something that has changed the way we perceive things. Most things that change a person’s perception happens . to be an experience that they have gone thru and learned from. In my case it wasn’t necessarily an experience, it was a dog that changed my perception on essay, life . My mind and heart was opened in a whole new way. Journal Paper! I never thought I could love an animal just as much as I loved the people in the road, my life . I always thought it was strange that pet owners loved and treated. Dog , Dog health , Dogs 1052 Words | 3 Pages. Lady Antebellum, a current country music band.
The day I heard this song made me sit for a least an hour cry and reminisce on what my . life had been and dame college, how much I had been through in essay the road not taken, just three years. My boyfriend, who we will refer to as Bo for past tense, the sake of this essay , and I had been together for almost two years when I found out in August of 2012 that I was expecting my first child. During the two prior years Bo and I were having the the road, time of our lives. We were always on the go living worry free. English-language films , Love , Mother 1167 Words | 3 Pages. My So-Called Life What is the underlying meaning of the hacker statement, title of the essay, series? The title of the notre college essay, show, My . The Road Not Taken! So-Called Life , suggests the understanding of meaninglessness that many teenagers experience.
It shows us how it is to feel judged by others and phd thesis past tense, it encapsulates the main theme of the series. The show depicts the teenage years as being difficult and confusing rather than a light, fun-filled time. This series deals with the expectations that people have of teenagers. The. Adolescence , English-language films , Goody Goody 527 Words | 3 Pages. Muddle in essay not taken, a Puddle: Comparison of Essay to My Life. Muddle In A Puddle: Comparison of Essay To My Life While reading the essay Muddle in a Puddle, . some very colorful images came to my mind about dame college essay what I have done in my life that compare to this particular piece.
Of all the times I have embarrassed myself by sticking my foot in my mouth, or by making a fool of myself by playing with a strange toy in the road not taken, the toy department, only to my surprise, everyone in in nursing, the toy department was laughing at me. As Robert Herrick mentions in his poem _O how that. Essay , Flag , Mind 804 Words | 3 Pages. Kalisa: Hi, this is Layla. I have finished my essay about an argument and the road, am sending it to you now. We can talk about it in . class. I will would appreciate it if you can give me some advice about how to improve it. Layla Direction: Read the statement and the instructions that follow it, and then make any notes that will help you plan your response. Now is the perfect time to buy a house in our city.
Over the thesis, past five years, average home prices in our region have nearly doubled. Essay The Road Not Taken! But average. Capital accumulation , Finance , Future 870 Words | 3 Pages. Gambhir Address B-5/239, Sector-5, Rohini, New Delhi-110085 Contact No 9999285596 Mail id: [email protected] CAREER OBJECTIVE To pursue a . challenging career in the field of Assistant Import work. To serve an organization in terms of communication essays, my best skills set to technical knowledge with full joy perfect efficiency. Personal Profile ? Husband Name : Mr. Himanshu Gambhir ? Date of the road, Birth : 27th August, 1986 ? Marital Status : Married ? Nationality : Indian . 1921 , 1922 , 2005 375 Words | 3 Pages. First Essay I am interested in notre college essay, becoming a special education teacher because every type of essay, child needs and deserves a proper education. . Unfortunately not all children receive the dissertation about, type of education they need. Having worked and volunteered my services to multiple families who have children with different assortments of disabilities. Working with children that required high levels of assistance to perform what would be basic task for other children. While teaching these children the basic life skills.
Education , Gifted education , High school 1808 Words | 5 Pages. ? My life Part I Life Story PSY 202 Adult Developments and essay not taken, Life Patti . Brock June 24, My Life Part II Where are you from? Shiloh Ga What was your family like? Loving Big United Caring Together What things do you remember about your childhood? Sports Church School Mom Friends What are some of your favorite memories? Playing sports Swimming Friends Summer time What did you want to become when you grew up?
Role model My Life. Education , English-language films , Family 781 Words | 3 Pages. My Life Story My story is one of phd thesis past, abuse, neglect, hurt, addiction, loss, and happiness. Essay The Road! Many people go through . Phd Thesis! wondering why me?, instead of letting go of all the the road, bad and hacker thesis, changing their lives they use it as an excuse, but that is essay the road where I am different from journal research submission, other people I have used all my bad experiences as learning tools, I came from essay, nothing and became something. My name is phd thesis past tense Amanda Nicole Fomichev (Read), I was born and raised in not taken, Idaho I am the oldest of 12 children. My parents, if that is what. 2007 albums , American films , Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles 1258 Words | 3 Pages. My Life Page 1 My Life : Past Future Leah Wallin PSY 202 Mr.
Wells . September 29, 2010 My Life Page 2 I. Introduction II. My Life A. Childhood B. Teenager C. Hacker! Adult III. Essay The Road Not Taken! Theoretical Reflection A. Urie Bornfenbrenner and Ecological Theory IV. Goals A. On University Life! Personal B. Essay The Road! Professional C. Academic V. Conclusion My Life Page 3 Our lives consist of variety of different aspects of about, whom. American films , Developmental psychology , Ecological Systems Theory 1783 Words | 6 Pages. learned to hope and essay the road, dream about what the future holds for us.
I know I have, and journal of scientific research submission, all these past years all I've done is think about what I want to be when i . The Road Not Taken! grow up, who my family is and journal research paper submission, where I will live. I've been filling my head with a fantasy of being a rich girl living in New York. The Road Not Taken! So, I subconsciously created a blueprint in my mind of my future, and it gives me an immense pleasure to share it with all of you. So here it goes. Ever since we could talk our parents have always asked us one question what. Doctor of Medicine , Lasker Award , Medical education 1388 Words | 4 Pages. My Five Personal Values Values are defined as something that are precious, priceless, meaningful and valued by an individual, a group of . people or an organization. No matter we are aware of them or not, everyone has his or her fundamental set of values which consist of dissertation, many different kinds of values.
Everyone is not born with values but these values are built up by essay not taken those closest to us, by trials, events, and institutions. Each individual’s value system is essays different from one another because individual’s. Innovation , Integrity , Morality 1654 Words | 3 Pages. Running Head: MY LIFE 1 My Life , My Passions MY . LIFE 2 Preliminary Outline I. What was your family like? a. Strict family b. Second born son c. Single parent home II. What things do you remember about your childhood? a. Reading Books b. playing sports c. Family outings III. Early Academic Career amp; Military Enlistment a. High School b. Essay! Early College Experience c. Essays On University! Army Life IV. What are your personal, professional, and academic goals? a.
2007 albums , Blood , Blood donation 1715 Words | 5 Pages. times in your life but when you feel that way, there is nothing or no one that can make you feel better. Not Taken! There's only notre dame, one person that can make . you feel this way and that same person is the essay not taken, judge to how often you feel that way too. Everyday, I get on that court and I have to, I need to, try my hardest if I ever want to get to past the level that I think I deserve to be at not taken, and in communication essays, order to essay the road do this I need to push myself harder than I ever have before. The life of an athlete is dissertation about difficult, but the life of a tennis. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Clay court 1710 Words | 4 Pages. deeds. He should have a noble aim in his life . He should sincerely try after it. This will lead him to essay not taken success and he will be . able to fulfill his aim . The aim of my life The aim of my life is to save the people from their physical ailments. Hence, I wish to be a doctor. My merits for journal, my aim in life A man should consider his merits and demerits before he settles the aim of his life . I have considered both of the sides.
The following points run in favor of my purpose. I have been doing. 2008 albums , American films , English-language films 280 Words | 2 Pages. ? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the Holy week. It is when Jesus Christ was crucified and died under Poncioplilate and rose . again after three days. Hundreds of not taken, people belong to european research paper submission the church to get to the great unwashed, they prayed and essay the road, thanked Jesus for saving the world from in nursing, sins and temptation. There are many devoted and believe the power of Jesus Christ. Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too. Essay! In that respect are different saints, showing up. Essays In Nursing! From this day, probably. Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages.
small years old, dancing around the house, watching The Power Puff Girls and wanting, ever so badly, to be a little superhero. One day, my . mother scooped me up in her arms, breaking my concentration of crime fighting little girls, to take a trip to the pound. I was only three so as my small mind wondered, I still couldn't grasp the idea of what a pound was. Still, my loving mother would not speak a word of what the essay, pound was. Notre College Admissions Essay! I remember toddling through the smelly place of animals big and small thinking. Dog , Pound , Pound-force 1530 Words | 4 Pages. easy three credit class. Not knowing of the strong effect that it was going to essay have on the way that I viewed my life , and the . people that were involved in on university, it or, that crossed paths with me on essay the road, a daily basis. My first assignment was to present one of my colleagues, now this was someone that I never met before, and doing something like this seemed, ridiculous to me.
What was its purpose in communication essays, my wanting to get a grade in this class? It seemed almost unnecessary and as usual I was wrong. This activity. Friendship , God in Christianity , Holy Spirit 960 Words | 3 Pages. My Aim in Life For becoming a successful man, one should have a certain aim in one's . life . A man without aim is like a rudderless ship in essay the road not taken, a stormy sea. The aim of an of scientific, individual should be noble and good to shape his career in the later part of life . Essay Not Taken! Without a right or aim right choice of profession the problem of bread cannot be solved. In addition to this the purpose of notre dame, birth will be defeated bringing penitence unto him. As an essay not taken, individual, I have certain needs to fulfill but simultaneously I have. English-language films , Human , Life 925 Words | 2 Pages. ? English 102 Professor Donna Moore 15442 MW 12:00-1:15pm My Aim Is True The topic of this story is about a man by the . name of Justo Thomas, who originally settled into the United States from the in nursing, Dominican Republic.
He now lives in not taken, New York and has worked in the restaurant business for over twenty years. He worked his way up from in nursing, living a life in the rural Dominican Republic. He was the middle brother of three in a family of the road not taken, eight children (five sisters). His father worked as a farmer. Communication Essays In Nursing! Justo. Dominican Republic 929 Words | 3 Pages. ? Aim of my life It is essay not taken said that aimless life is a miserable life . Aimless . life is like that when a person starts journey but he don’t know that has to go in which direction. Notre College Admissions! An aimless life is like a person without destination.
So it is necessary to have a life with clear aim that you know in which way you want to go and what is your destination. Essay The Road Not Taken! Aim of essays, my life is to be an army officer , I know that life of army is full of difficulties, sorrows and essay, limited social life but its my childhood ambition. Constable , Jhelum , Lahore 687 Words | 2 Pages. Stephanie Boyd 10/13/10 Essay II, draft 3 ENGL 1101 1 It was not until my junior year of high school that I started . really caring about my schoolwork. I was very determined to raise my grade point average and start applying myself. I started out thinking that my junior year was going to be like any other year: boring classes, days that dragged on, and dull teachers. That year, however, I came to realize that without some of past tense, my teachers, I probably would not have worked as hard as I did. Education , High school , School 1409 Words | 4 Pages.
There is a saying, “Those who aim high, reach high”. The Road! It is indeed true. Without a clear-cut aim in essays, life , . life just drifts. It just floats-aimless, rudderless and not knowing where one is heading to. If we look into the lives of great men and women of our times, we see that they had clear- cut aims and well demarcated goals in life . Having clear-cut goals in life is the first step to success, because “Where there is a will, there is a way”.
I have always been very passionate about flying air- crafts. Felt Mountain , Luck , Natural selection 641 Words | 2 Pages. The person affects my life the most, and also my only idol, my goal of living is my . grandma. Essay Not Taken! In the time when most Asian women did not dare to tense express themselves, to essay not taken speak out what was on their mind, my grandmother did. Her rare personality was popular and highly respected among those who knew her.
At that time women would not have good education, however everybody would turn to my grandmother?s wisdom to ask for dissertation about, help. She was smart and profound but yet vigorously caring and essay not taken, loving towards her family. Family , Grandma Moses , Grandparent 2116 Words | 5 Pages. ? MY AIM IN LIFE “The mere act of aiming at something big makes you big.” . (Jawaharlal Nehru) Bestowing man with life and sending him on earth to live is fully justified. This all has been done for a specific reason. Idealizing his purpose and endeavoring to objectify it into reality is the real pinnacle/ culmination of human being. A man without an thesis statement, aim is like a rudderless. Education , Jawaharlal Nehru , Teacher 650 Words | 2 Pages. personal mission or vision statement. We use this statement in this seminar to essay emphasize that your time at hacker, the UW begins with dreams and visions you hold . for the road, the life that is still ahead of you.
We ask you to write a mission statement that is reflective of who you are and what your sense of paper, calling, purpose, vocation, or meaning of life . Mission statements are helpful for the road, many reasons, but primarily they are used as a tool to essays on university life encourage you to consciously reflect on who you are and what you are doing. Life , Meaning of life , Mission statement 1062 Words | 6 Pages. lost someone very dear to me, my mom, and my grandma, although she was very loved by many. I can say that it seems like it is . harder for essay the road not taken, my mom and grandma. They both loved her so much and you can tell it broke my mom some.
She was sad today while looking through my great grandma’s things but it was worth everything to see all the stuff that she owns and read more about notre college her life . Today we received the package of my great grandma’s things and journal’s about her life basically. Not Taken! So as I am sitting. 2000 singles , 2007 singles , 2008 albums 2752 Words | 4 Pages. chapter from european of scientific research, my life after the final exams i had six months free for my next session as i was about to get into . the the road not taken, professional part of my studies so i decided to have the most of it before i get busy with my further studies. so then i was discussing with my dad regarding my going to England for couple of months. to have self confident and to european paper explore the essay, world without my family around me as then i was considering myself an adult. after all this my dad got agreed to let me go and have my time with. British Airways , England , London 1538 Words | 4 Pages. AIM IN LIFE Many people think hours and hours that what should be their aim , the best profession that would suit . their lifestyle.
There are some people who find their aim when life takes them across the wings of time. But there are some people who are determined and have a goal in life from their very childhood. Such kind of people is not rare in this world. Of Scientific Paper Submission! They find out what they should become in essay not taken, life due to the meeting of hacker statement, some people, their passion and the interest that they have gathered from. Developed country , Insurance , Real estate 488 Words | 2 Pages. ? My Goals “A year from now you may wish you had started today.” This is a translated quote from my loving grandmother. . Life should be tied into aims to achieve happiness. I believe we must have an aim in not taken, life , or our life might become full of regrets and disappointment. Essays Life! Like all other successful people in the world I have goals, too; and essay, they are well written in my journal. My long term goal is to become a professional petroleum engineer, and win the Nobel Peace prize. I am a very dedicated member. Al Gore , Alfred Nobel , Natural gas 589 Words | 2 Pages.
and highlight the words and characters. Tense! I also proofread my paper to ensure it is error free. In order to write a good essay . or paper, it is essay the road necessary to be in a peaceful environment to avoid distractions. Next, I just scribble down whatever comes to my mind that is related to the topic. Essays! After a while, I would read what I’ve written and choose the the road not taken, ideas that would have good points and european of scientific paper, would be interesting to write about. Then, I would make my first draft and after finishing it, I’d read it all over. English-language films , Essay , Linguistics 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Essay about Red Nose Day The purpose is to essay the road not taken entertain and change lives in the UK and past, Africa. Essay The Road! The money spent to aid young who live on the . street and protect people living with domestic abuse. Of Scientific Paper Submission! In Africa for vaccines etc. People make donations, people also do something fun as games, parties, karaoke night, contests and essay, other things and it's like winning money.
This program is great, I think there should be more people like them, generous y caring. Of Scientific Paper Submission! This type of action I love. It is essay the road not taken best to help and. British Museum , Cardiff , Remembrance Day 678 Words | 3 Pages. GORDON KUSSI TABIRI English Writing: From Start to Finish My life as a college student Seven years ago I gained admission to . pursue a B.A program in one of the prestigious universities in Ghana. The name of the past, university is Kwame Nkrumah University of the road not taken, Science and Technology (KNUST). I was offered a four year bachelor degree program leading to a degree in Sociology and Social Work. Essays On University Life! Thus, I read BA Sociology and Social Work. I was so happy at essay the road, the time because of two reasons. One was that, I had. Academic degree , Friendship , Ghana 1179 Words | 3 Pages.
3/19/13 Narrative Descriptive- Essay #2 This is a story about the most important decision that I have . ever taken in my entire life . I received Jesus in my heart as my Lord and Savior. He is my Redeemer. I did not have a very fortunate upbringing even though my mother had some money to provide for my needs. There was food on the table, but she could not handle the stress of life very well. Therefore, she was very strict and harsh with rules and punishments. Family , Father , God 1404 Words | 3 Pages.
Economics in My Life When I was first given this assignment I was extremely perplexed at how I would even begin to finish it. I . had no idea how economics related to my life in anyway. I hadn’t thought about it critically and I struggling terribly. Thanks to some much needed help from journal, a fellow classmate, he allowed me to the road not taken get an idea of things from his own essay . Phd Thesis! After reading not one, but two other essays , I was so surprised at how oblivious I had been. I never realized that just about everything.
Commodity money , Costs , Economics 1321 Words | 3 Pages.
Pay for Exclusive Essay -
The Road Not Taken Essay - 341 Words …
6 Qualities In a Leadership Role Model. A short while back, I wrote a post about disruption not being a career strategy. In the comments, Steve Jobs was mentioned and not taken, I commented that for every person who feels Jobs was an inspiration there€™s another that will say how difficult he was to work with. A reader disagreed with me. I would love to phd thesis past tense, hear why a visionary CEO who led 60k+ employees and the rest of the planet into essay the next generation should not be looked upon college essay as a role model. I think we can all agree that Steve Jobs was a visionary. But being a visionary does not necessarily mean an individual is a great leader and role model. Today€™s post isn€™t to debate whether Jobs was a great leader or not. Even if we don€™t agree with Jobs€™ style, there could be moments when, depending upon the situation and not taken, the players involved, we all need to channel our jeans and tense, black turtleneck to get something done.
When I think of leadership role models, the essay the road not taken, first thing that comes to mind is servant leadership. The idea is, to essays, be an effective leader, we adapt ourselves to the road not taken, the situation we are facing. We adjust our style so others understand instead of forcing others to adjust to us. In that way, we serve other first. I was reminded of it recently in a piece written by essays on university, Kareem Abdul-Jabar, the NBA€™s all-time leading scorer, who wrote a review of the television show €śGirls€ť. He got a lot of flack for writing the review.
So much so that he explained why: €śWe should all be intently listening to not taken, voices of the next generation, hearing what they have to say and, when they are struggling to say it, help them to dissertation, articulate better.€ť He added, €śThat€™s the essay not taken, advantage of growing older in on university this youth-centric society.€ť. Back in the 1970€™s, Robert Greenleaf, director of management research at ATT and founder of servant leadership, did the same thing. No, he didn€™t watch €śGirls€ť €“ he decided to read what the youth movement was reading at the time. The novel was €ś Journey to the East €ť by Hermann Hesse. €śJourney to the East€ť is about a group of people who are traveling to a new land. Accompanying the not taken, group is their servant, Leo, who sings songs and takes care of hacker, their needs.
During the journey, Leo disappears from the group. The group struggles to stay together and eventually disbands. Several years later, it is discovered that Leo (the group€™s servant) was really their leader. Inspired by Leo€™s character, Greenleaf realizes that the key to leadership is to serve first. Greenleaf talks about essay not taken several qualities associated with servant leadership.
Regardless of your philosophies about leadership, I€™ve found over the years, these are ones that are consistently mentioned in conversations about leadership and role models. Awareness €“ leaders must open the doors of essays, perception and see what€™s inside. This can be a disturbing thought. But it€™s to provide reality and see things in essay the road perspective. Commitment to developing people €“ leaders help others become good leaders. Empathy €“ leaders not only identify with others, but accept what others contribute. It requires a tolerance of statement, imperfection. Foresight €“ Being able to sense the unknowable and unforeseeable future gives leaders their €śmojo€ť. As a leader, we must use good decision making skills and remember that a lack of decision making can be perceived as an ethical failure.
Listening €“ leaders naturally respond to a problem by listening first. True listening builds strength in others. Persuasion €“ Whether it happens one person at a time or one action at a time, leaders are willing to use their talents and essay the road not taken, demand little from others. Even if it means standing aside and serving when asked. Steve Jobs was a leader.
Everyone has leadership ability. It€™s how we use our leadership abilities that decides if we are a role model for phd thesis others. Enlightening article on a beautiful Sunday weather, thank you for sharing! It feels good to know we are doing fair job leading and grooming young talents in our company. Essay? Empathy though is the essays in nursing, biggest challenge for not taken me especially the tolerance of imperfections. The attitude and dissertation, habits of the employees will always affect the operation and productivity of our organization. Being trained a decade ago with traditional ways like it#8217;s either you have it or you don#8217;t compared to now if you don#8217;t have what it takes, we will take you there, it is really difficult to create a brand new belief even to yourself. Essay The Road Not Taken? It would take some time to master the empathy part. There have been many visionary Leaders in History, some you would want as role models and some definitely not (i.e.Hitler).
I personally think Steve Jobs serves as a good role model even though, from all accounts, he could be very difficult to work for. Most good Leaders do possess the traits listed in communication essays the article. An excellent Leader in my opinion is one who achieves results and makes everyone in the organization happy to help. Essay? @Shiela €“ You€™re absolutely right. Empathy can be a challenge. Each of us has a different frame of reference and brings unique experiences to the conversation.
Thanks for sharing. @Betty €“ Thanks for the comment. I struggle sometimes with the idea of a role model that€™s difficult to european of scientific research paper, work with. But I can definitely see where we all have behaviors that another person might want to emulate. This was a fantastic post to read! To be a leader and essay not taken, a role model#8230;that should be the real goal shouldn#8217;t it? As a very new #8220;Boss#8221; and #8220;Leader#8221; myself I am always wondering how my staff views me as a person. I think back to past experiences with ex employers who motivated me, angered me, scared me, etc and I try to use those few positive experiences on my own employees! I think an dame admissions essay essential leadership trait would be to treat your employees how you would want to be treated. Teach them how you would like to be taught. Lead them how you would like to essay, be lead. The #8220;Golden Rule#8221; of life and the work place#8230;treat others how you would like to be treated.
This post really reminded me of a book I just read by author Bill Sims Jr., €śGreen Beans and Ice Cream€ť (http://greenbeanleadership.com/). The author is well known for designing behavior-based recognition and reward programs for companies such as Coca-Cola, McDonalds, and Disney. Hacker? This book clearly points out that the the road, thing we need the most, is the thing we often receive the least€”positive reinforcement and feedback from those around us. This is hacker, true on a leadership level, with family, friends and even with your spouse. Essay The Road? The theme of essays, positive reinforcement plays a main role in this book and it stresses that as a leader we must constantly be improving how individuals feel about themselves, the work they€™re doing and essay the road, the results they€™re achieving. I hope you will give it a read#8230; I recommend it to anyone in a leadership role, not just an employer#8230; it#8217;s great for notre dame admissions essay teachers, parents, and even for your spouse ź™‚ Thanks so much! Thanks for the comment Melissa and essay, sharing the resource.
I haven#8217;t heard of Mr. European? Sims#8217; work but I#8217;m going to check it out. There are leaders and essay the road, great leaders. You are either born as one, or you can learn how to be one. I found that the ones that learn how to essays in nursing, be a leader, trying to do a good job consciously, are the true great leaders. Because they also learn how to be humble, and treat their employees with respect and leniency. They don#8217;t let power get to the road not taken, their heads, and they seldom turn to tyrants. So I think that another quality that should be added to the list is humility. @Mihai €“ Your comment reminded me of the first line in €śGood to admissions essay, Great€ť €“ the essay not taken, whole €śgood is the on university life, enemy of essay not taken, great€ť concept.
Is it possible that good leadership keeps us from great leadership? Hi! I'm Sharlyn Lauby, an HR pro turned consultant. I created the HR Bartender blog so people would have a friendly place to essays, discuss workplace issues. And since, over the years, I've developed an appreciation for the culinary arts (translation: I'm a foodie) you'll see some of that here, too.
So pull up a stool and not taken, order your favorite drink. the european of scientific research paper submission, bar is always open.
Write My Research Paper -
The Road Not Taken Poetic Literary …
chehov essay Place of Birth: Taganrog, Russia. Place of Death: Badenweiler, Germany. P'yessa bex nazvaniya (Platonov) (one-act; written c. 1881); translation by John Cournos published as That Worthless Fellow Platonov, Dutton, 1930; translation by Basil Ashmore published as A Play without a Title (Platonov), P. Nevill, 1952, published as Don Juan (in the essay the road not taken Russian Manner), preface by Sir Desmond MacCarthy, P. Notre Dame Admissions? Nevill, 1952, first produced in New York at essay not taken, the Minor Latham Drama Workshop, April 23, 1954; translation by Alex Szogyj published as A Country Scandal (Platonov), adaptation by Szogyj, Coward-McCann, 1960, first produced in New York at the Greenwich Mews Theater, May 5, 1960, published as A Country Scandal: A Drama in dame admissions essay, Four Acts, Samuel French, 1961; translation by Dmitri Makaroff published as Platonov: An Abridged Version of an Untitled Play in Four Acts, introduction by George Devine, Methuen, 1961; translation by David Magarshack published as Platonov: A Play in Four Acts and the road Five Scenes, Hill aWang, 1964; translation by Michael Frayn published as Wild Honey: The Untitled Play, Methuen, 1984, first produced in paper submission, London at the National Theater, 1984, produced on Broadway at the Virginia Theater, December 18, 1986. O vrede tabaka: Stsena monolog (written c. 1886-1902), translation by Milka Petrovich published as On the Harmful Effects of Tobacco, adaptation by Boris Zupetz, pictures by Patrick Couratin, Quist, 1977. Ivanov: Drama v chetyryokh deystviyakh (four-act), first produced in essay the road not taken, Moscow at notre college essay, the Korsh Theater, November 19, 1887; translation by Marian Fell published as Ivanoff: A Play in Four Acts, Brentanos, 1923; translation by Ariadne Nicolaeff published as Ivanov: A Drama in Four Acts, adaptation by John Gielgud, Theater Arts Books, 1966, first produced on Broadway at the Shubert Theater, May 3, 1966. Medved': Shutka v odnom deystvii (one-act), first produced in Moscow at essay, Korsh Theater, October, 1888; translation by thesis statement, Roy Temple House published as A Bear, Moods Publishing, 1909; translation by Hilmar Baukhage published as The Boor: A Comedy in the road, One Act, Samuel French, 1915; translation by Eric Bentley published as The Brute: A Joke in research paper submission, One Act, Samuel French, 1956; published as The Bear, adapted by Joellen Bland, Denver Pioneer Drama Service, 1984. Predlozheniye: Shutka v odnom deystvii (one-act; written c. 1888-89); translation by Baukhage and Barett H. Clark published as A Marriage Proposal: Comedy in One Act, Samuel French, 1914; translation by Sergius Ponomarov published as The Marriage Proposal: A Joke in One Act, edited by William-Alan Landes, Players Press (Studio City, CA), 1990. Leshy: Komediya v chetyryokh deystviyakh (four-act), first produced in Moscow at the Abramov Theater, November, 1889; translation by not taken, S. S. Koteliansky published as The Wood Demon: A Comedy in Four Acts by Anton Tchehov, Macmillan, 1926; translation by Nicholas Saunders and Frank Dwyer, Smith and of scientific submission Kraus (Newbury, VT), 1993.
Chayka: Komediya v chetyryokh deystviyakh (four-act), first produced in St. Essay The Road? Petersburg at the Alexandrine Theater, October 17, 1896; translation by Fred Eisemann published as The Sea-gull, R. G. Badger, 1913; translation by Julius West published as The Sea-gull: A Play in Four Acts, Hendersons, 1915; translation by communication essays, Stark Young published as The Sea Gull, Scribner, 1939, first produced on Broadway at the Shubert Theater, March 28, 1938, reprinted as The Sea Gull: A Drama in Four Acts, Samuel French, 1950; translation by Magarshack published as The Seagull: Produced by Stanislavsky, edited and introduced by S. D. Balukhaty, Dobson, 1952; translation by David Iliffe published as The Seagull: A Play, Samuel French (London), 1953; translation by the road not taken, Bernard W. Sznycer published as The Gull: A Comedy in Four Acts, [New York], 1967, published in dame essay, England as The Gull, Poets' and the road not taken Painters' Press, 1974; translation by Jean-Claude Van Itallie published as Anton Chekhov's The Sea Gull: A New Version, Dramatists Play Service, 1974, published as The Sea Gull: A Comedy in european journal of scientific research, Four Acts, commentaries by William M. Hoffman and Daniel Seltzer, textual notes by Paul Schmidt, Harper Row, 1977; translation by the road, Ann Jellicoe pubed as The Sea Gull, edited by Henry Popkin, Avon, 1975; translation by David French published as The Seagull, Playwright's Co-op (Toronto), 1977, published as The Seagull: A Play, notes by Donna Orwin, General Paperbacks, 1978; translation by Thomas Kilroy published as The Seagull, Methuen, 1981; translation with introduction by Tania Alexander and Charles Sturridge published as The Seagull: A Comedy in Four Acts, Amber Lane Press, 1985; translation and introduction by notre admissions, Frayn published as The Seagull: A Comedy in Four Acts, Methuen, 1986; translation by Saunders and Dwyer published as The Sea Gull/Chaika: A Comedy in Four Acts, Smith and Kraus, 1994; translation by not taken, George Calderon published as The Seagull, adapted by european of scientific submission, Robert Brustein, I. R. Dee (Chicago, IL), 1992; edition by the road, Landes published as The Sea-Gull, Players Press, 1996; translation by Michael Henry Heim published as The Seagull: A Comedy, Dramatic Publishing Co. (Woodstock, IL), 1992. Dyadya Vanya: Stseny iz derevenskoy zhizni v chetyroykh deystviyakh (four-act), first produced in Moscow at the Moscow Art Theater, October 26, 1899; translation by Jenny Covan published as Uncle Vanya: A Comedy in Four Acts, Brentanos, 1922; adaptation and translation by essays on university, Rose Caylor published as Uncle Vanya, Covici, Friede, 1930; translation by published as Uncle Vanya: Young Scenes from Village Life in Four Acts, Samuel French, 1956; translation by Tyrone Guthne and Leonid Kipnis published as Uncle Vanya: Scenes from Country Life in the road not taken, Four Acts, University of Minnesota Press 1969; translation by Robert W. Corrigan published as Uncle Vanya: An Authoritative Text Edition of a Great Play, Avon, 1974; translation by statement, John Muirell published as Uncle Vanya: Scenes from essay Rural Life, Theatrebooks (Toronto), 1978; translation by on university, Pam Gems published as Uncle Vanya, introduction by Edward Braun, Methuen, 1979; translation by Van Itallie published as Uncle Vanya: Scenes from the road Country Life in communication in nursing, Four Acts, Dramatists Play Service, 1980; translation and introduction by not taken, Frayn published as Uncle Vanya: Scenes from Country Life in Four Acts, Methuen, 1987; translation by Vlada Chernomirdik published as Uncle Vanya, adapted by David Mamet, Samuel French (New York City), 1988; edition by Landes published as Uncle Vanya, Players Press, 1996. Tri syotry: Drama v chetyryokh deystviyakh (four-act), first produced in thesis statement, Moscow at the Moscow Art Theater, January 21, 1901; translation by essay not taken, Covan published as The Three Sisters: A Drama in essays life, Four Acts, Brentanos, 1922; translation by Young published as The Three Sisters: A Drama in Four Acts, Samuel French, 1941, translation by Guthrie and the road Kipnis published as The Three Sisters: An Authoritative Text Edition, critical material selected and introduced by Popkin, Avon, 1965; translation and notes by Randell Jarrell published as The Three Sisters, Macmillan, 1969; translation by Moura Budberg published as Three Sisters, Davis Poynter, 1971, translation by Van Itallie published as Anton Chekhov's Three Sisters: A New English Version, Dramatists Play Service, 1979; translation by Brian Friel published as Anton Chekhov's Three Sisters: A Translation, Gallery Books (Dublin), 1981; translation and introduction by Frayn published as Three Sisters: A Drama in Four Acts, Methuen, 1983; translation by Lanford Wilson published as Three Sisters: A Play, Dramatists Play Service, 1984, first produced in Hartford, Conn., at the Hartford Stage, 1984; translation by Rose Cullen published as Three Sisters, adapted by Frank McGuinness, Faber and Faber (Boston, MA), 1990; translation by Chernomordik published as The Three Sisters: A Play, adapted by Mamet, Grove Weidenfeld (New York City), 1991; translation by Paul Schmidt published as Three Sisters, Theatre Communications Group (New York City), 1992; translation by Lanford Wilson published as Three Sisters: A Comedy in Four Acts, Smith and Kraus, 1994; edition by Landes published as Three Sisters, Players Press, 1996. Vishnyovy Sad: Komediya v chetyryokh deystriyakh (four-act), first produced in Moscow at the Moscow Art Theater, January 17, 1900; translation and introduction by Max S. European Research Submission? Mandell published as The Cherry Garden: A Comedy in not taken, Four Acts, C. G. On University Life? Whaples, 1908; translation by Covan published as The Cherry Orchard: A Comedy in Four Acts, Brentanos, 1922; translation by Hubert Butler published as The Cherry Orchard: A Play in the road, Four Acts, introduction by Guthrie, Baker International Play Bureau, 1934; translation by Irina Skariatina first produced as The Cherry Orchard on Broadway at the National Theater, January 25, 1944; translation by Young published as The Cherry Orchard: A Drama in Four Acts, [New York], 1947; published as The Wistoria Trees, adaptation by Joshua Logan, Random House, 1950, first produced on Broadway, 1950; published as The Cherry Orchard, Foreign Languages Publishing House (Moscow), 1956; translation by about, Gielgud published as The Cherry Orchard: A Comedy in essay not taken, Four Acts, introduction by journal research paper, Michel Saint- Denis, Theater Arts Books, 1963; translation by W. L. Goodman published as The Cherry Orchard, dialogue and adaptation by Henry S. The Road Not Taken? Taylor, Ginn, 1964; published as Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard, edited by Herbert Goldstone, Allyn Bacon, 1965; translation by Avrahm Yarmoky published as The Cherry Orchard, critical material selected and communication introduced by Popkin, Avon, 1965; translation by Guthrie and Kipnis published as The Cherry Orchard: A Play in Four Acts, University of Minnesota Press, 1965; translation by Van Itallie published as The Cherry Orchard, Dramatists Play Service, 1977, published as The Cherry Orchard: A Comedy in Four Acts, Grove Press, 1977, revised version, Dramatists Play Service, 1979, translation by Helen Rappaport published as The Cherry Orchard, new version by the road, Trevor Griffiths Pluto Press, 1978, translation and introduction by Frayn published as The Cherry Orchard: A Comedy in Four Acts, Methuen, 1978; translation by Calderon published as The Cherry Orchard, adapted by Brustein, I. Essays Life? R. Dee, 1995; edition by Landes published as The Cherry Orchard, Players Press, 1997.
The Bear: A Joke in One Act, translated by Ponomarov; edited by Landes, Players Press, 1990. The Anniversary, translated by Ponomarov; edited by Landes, Players Press, 1992. The Wedding: A Scene in One Act, translated by Ponomarov; edited by Landes, Players Press, 1996. Chekhov published a collection of plays in 1897. COLLECTED PLAYS IN ENGLISH TRANSLATION. Plays, translation and essay the road introduction by Marian Fell, Scribner, first series, 1912. Hacker Statement? Two Plays by the road, Tchekhof: The Seagull [and] The Cherry Orchard, translation, introduction, and notes by George Calderon, G. About? Richards, 1912. Plays by Anton Tchekoff, translation and introduction by Julius West, second series, Scribner, 1916.
Plays from the Russian, translation by Constance Garnett, two volumes, Chatto Windus, 1923. The Plays of essay the road not taken, Anton Tchekov, transla by Garnett, preface by hacker thesis statement, Eva Le Gallienne, Modern Library, 1930, University Microfilms, 1974. Plays: The Seagull, The Cherry Orchard, On the High Road, The Wedding, The Proposal, The Anniversary, The Bear, The Three Sisters, woodcuts by Howard Simon, Sirens Press, 1935, published as Plays, Perma Giants, 1950. The Cherry Orchard and not taken Other Plays, woodcuts by Simon, Grosset Dunlap, 1936. Five Famous Plays, translat by West and dissertation about Fell, Scribner, 1939. Three Plays, translation by S. S. Koteliansky, Penguin (Harmondsworth), 1940. The Plays of Anton Chekov: Nine Plays including the Seagull . and Others, translation by Garnett, Caxton House, 1945. Nine Plays, Grosset Dunlap, 1946,lished as Nine Plays of Chekov: The Sea Gull, The Cherry Orchard, The Three Sisters, and Others, 1963. Six Famous Plays, translations by West and not taken Fell, Scribner, 1949.
Four Short Plays, translation by West, Duckworth, 1950. Plays, Doric Books, 1950. Communication? Chekhov Plays, translation by Elisaveta Fen, Penguin, 1951. The Seagull, Uncle Vania, The Bear, The Proposal, A Jubilee, translation by Fen, Penguin (Harmondsworth), 1953, published as The Seagull and Other Plays, 1954. Best Plays, translation and essay the road introduction by Stark Young, Modern Library, 1956. Hacker? Three Plays: The Cherry Orchard, Three Sisters, Ivanov, translation and introduction by Fen, Penguin (Harmondsworth), 1956. Not Taken? The Brute, and Other Farces, edited by Eric Bentley, translated by Bentley and college essay Theodore Hoffman, Samuel French, 1958, Applause, 1985. Four Great Plays, Bantam, 1958.
Plays, translation and essay not taken introduction by Fen, Penguin, 1959. Six Plays of Chekhov, translation and journal of scientific paper introduction by Robert W. Corrigan, foreword by essay the road, Harold Clurman, Holt, 1962. Chekhov: The Major Plays, translation by Ann Dunnigan, foreword by Robert Brustein, New American Library, 1964. Uncle Vanya, The Cherry Orchard, and The Wood Demon, translated and edited by hacker thesis, Ronald Hingley, Oxford University Press, 1964. Essay The Road? The Sea Gull [and] The Tragedian in Spite of statement, Himself, translations by essay the road, Fred Eisemann and Olive Frances Murphy, International Pocket Library, 1965. Uncle Vanya, and The Cherry Orchard, translation by essays in nursing, Hingley, Oxford University Press, 1965. Ten Early Plays, translation and introduction by Alex Szogyi, Bantam, 1965. Two Plays: The Cherry Orchard [and] Three Sisters, translation by Garnett, introduction by John Gielgud, illustrations by Lajos Szalay, Heritage Press, 1966. Four Plays, translation, preface, afterwords, and not taken notes by Szogyi, Washington Square Press, 1968. Ivanov, The Seagull, and Three Sisters, translation by Hingley, Oxford University Press, 1968.
Four Plays, translation by David Magarshack, Hill Wang, 1969. Chekhov Plays, introduction and appreciation by Arnold B. McMillin, illustrated by Mette Ivers, Heron Books, 1969. Eight Plays, translation by Fen, Franklin Library, 1976. Anton Chekhov's Plays, translated and notre college essay edited by essay the road not taken, Eugene Kerr Bristow, Norton, 1977. Chekhov: Five Major Plays, translation and introduction by Hingley, Oxford University Press, 1977. The Cherry Orchard and The Seagull, translation by Laurence Senelick, AHM Publishing, 1977.
Five Plays, translation and essay introduction by Hingley, Oxford University Press, 1980. Two Plays: The Three Sisters; The Cherry Orchard, translation by Fen, illustrations by Elaine Raphael and Don Bolognese, Franklin Library, 1980. Chekhov's Great Plays: A Critical Anthology, edited and introduced by Jean-Pierre Barricelli, New York University Press, 1981. Plays, translated and introduced by essay the road, Frayn, Methuen (New York City), 1988. Chekhov for the Stage: The Sea Gull, Uncle Vanya, The Three Sisters, The Cherry Orchard, translated and introduced by Milton Ehre, Northwestern University Press (Evanston, IL), 1992. Twelve Plays, translated with introduction and tense notes by Ronald Hingley, Oxford University Press (New York City), 1992.
Uncle Vanya and Other Plays, translated by Betsy Hulick, Bantam Books (New York City), 1994. Chekhov: The Major Plays, English versions by essay, van Itallie, Applause (New York City), 1995. Chekhov: Four Plays, translated by Carol Rocamora, Smith and Kraus, 1996. Chekhov's Major Plays: Ivanov, The Seagull, Uncle Vanya, and The Three Sisters, translated by Karl Kramer and Margaret Booker, University Press of America (Lanham, MD), 1996. The Plays of Anton Chekhov, translated by Schmidt, HarperCollins Publishers (New York City), 1997. Contributor, sometimes under the pseudonyms A Man Without a Spleen, Antosha Chekhonte, My Brother's Brother, or v, of more than four hundred short stories, including An Anonymous Story, Anyuta, Ariadne, At Christmas, At Home, An Awkward Business, The Beauties, The Beggar, The Butterfly, Concerning Love, The Daughter of Albion, The Death of a Government Official, A Dreadful Night, A Dreary Story, Easter Night, The Encounter, Enemies, Excellent People, Fat and Thin, Gooseberries, Grisha, Gusev, A Hard Case, Heartache, The Huntsman, In Exile, In the Cart, In the Ravine, In Trouble, The Malefactor, A Marriageable Girl, Mire, The Misfortune, Murder, My Wife, The Name-Day Party, New Villa, On Official Business, Oysters, Peasant Women, Peasants, Revenge, Romance With Double Bass, Sergeant Prishibeyev, Sleepy, A Trifle From Life, The Two Volodyas, Typhus, Vanka, Verochka, A Woman's Kingdom, The Witch, The Work of Art, to hacker, numerous periodicals, including Budil'nik, Novoye vreniya, Oskolki, Petershurgskaya gazeta, Russkaya niysl, Russkiye vedeniosti, Severny vestnik, Strekoza, and essay the road not taken Zhurnal dlya vsekh.
Chekhov published a number of hacker thesis, collections of his works during his lifetime, including: Shornik dlya detey (title means A Collection of Children's Stories ; 1883); Pestrye rasskazy (title means Motley Tales ; 1886); V sumerkakh (title means In the Twilight ; 1887); Nevinnye rechi (title means Innocent Speeches , 1887), Rasskazy (title means Tales ; 1888), Detvora (title means Children ; 1889); also a 1890 collection whose title has been translated as Gloomy People and an 1894 collection whose title has been translated as Stones and Tales. COLLECTED SHORT FICTION IN ENGLISH TRANSLATION. The Black Monk, and Other Stories, translation by essay the road not taken, R. E. Statement? C. Long, Duckworth, 1903, F. A. Stokes, 1915, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press, 1970. The Kiss, and Other Stories, translation by Long, Duckworth, 1908, F. A. Stokes, 1916, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press, 1972. Stories of Russian Life, translation by Marian Fell, Scribner, 1914. The Bet, and Other Stories, translation by S. S. Koteliansky and J. M. Murry, J. W. Luce, 1915. Russian Silhouettes: More Stories of essay not taken, Russian Life, translation by past tense, Fell, Scribner, 1915, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press, 1970. The Steppe, and essay not taken Other Stories, translation by Adeline Lister Kaye, F. A. Stokes, 1915, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press, 1970. The House with the Mezzanine, and on university Other Stories, translation by Koteliansky and Gilbert Cannan, Scribner, 1917. Rothschild's Fiddle, and Other Stories, Boni Liveright, 1917, reprinted, Books for essay the road aries Press, 1970. Essays? The Tales of Chekhov, translation by Garnett, two volumes, Macmillan, 1917, reprinted, Ecco Press, 1984--.
Nine Humorous Tales, translation by Isaac Goldberg and Henry T. Schnittkind, Stratford, 1918, 2nd edition, revised, Books for Libraries Press, 1970. My Life, and Other Stories, translation by Koteliansky and Cannan, C. W. Not Taken? Daniel, 1920, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press, 1971. The Grasshopper and european journal research Other Stories, translation and introduction by A. E. Chamot, McKay, 1926, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press, 1972. Essay The Road Not Taken? The Shooting Party, translation by Chamot, Stanley Paul, 1926, McKay, 1927, revised by Julian Symons, Deutsch, 1986. Select Tales of Tchehov, translation by Garnett, two volumes, Chatto Windus, 1927, reprinted, Barnes No7-68. Short Stories, translation by Garnett, introduction by Evelyn May Albright, Macmillan, 1928.
The Stories of Anton Tchekov, edited and introduced by Robert N. Linscott, Modern Library, 1932, published as The Stories of Anton Chekhov, 1959. Tales From Tchekhov, translation by Garnett, Penguin, 1938. My Life, translation by E. R. Schimanskaya, Staples, 1943, reprinted, University Microfilms, 1975. Short Stories, translation by Chamot, Commodore Press, 1946. The Beggar, and Other Stories, selected by J. I. Rodale, illustrations by George W. Rickey, Story Classics, 1949. Notre Dame Admissions? Selected Stories, translation by Garnett, Chatto Windus, 1953. The Woman in not taken, the Case, anher Stories, translation by April FitzLyon and Xyril Zinovieff, introduction by Andrew G. Colin, Spearman Calder, 1953, British Book Centre (Newk), 1954. Short Novels and on university life Stories, translation by Ivy Litvinov, Foreign Languages Publishing House (Moscow), 1954. Peasants, and Other Stories, selection and preface by not taken, Edmund Wilson, Doubleday, 1956, reprinted, Franklin Library, 1982. Tales, State Press of Artistic Literature (Moscow), 1956. Three Years, translation by Rose Prokofieva, Foreign Languages Publishing House (Moscow), 1958.
Great Stories, translation by Garnett, edited and introduced by David H. Past Tense? Greene, Dell, 1959. Kashtanka (title means Little Chestnut), translation by not taken, Charles Dowsett, illustrations by William Stobbs, Oxford University Press (London), 1959, H. Z. Walck, 1961; translation by Richard Pevear, illustrations by Barry Moser, Putnam (New York City), 1991; translation by about, Ronald Meyer, illustrations by Gennady Spirin, Harcourt Brace (San Diego, CA), 1995. St. The Road Not Taken? Peter's Day, and Other Tales, translation and introduction by european of scientific research submission, Frances H. Jones, Capricorn Books, 1959. Wife for Sale, translation by David Tutsev, J. Calder 1959. Early Stories, translation by Nora Gottlieb, Bodley Head, 1960, Doubleday, 1961. Selected Stories, translation by Ann Dunnigan, foreword by essay the road, Ernest J. Simmons, New American Library, 1960.
The Image of Chekhov: Forty Stories in the Order in Which They Were Written, translation and introduction by Robert Payne, Knopf, 1963. Selected Stories, translation and notre dame essay introduction by Jessie Coulson, Oxford University Press, 1963. Lady with Lapdog, and Other Stories, translation and introduction by not taken, David Magarshack, Penguin, 1964. Late-blooming Flowers, and Other Stories, translation by I. C. Essays On University? Chertok and Jean Gardner, McGraw, 1964. The Thief, and Other Tales, translation by Ursula Smith, Vantage, 1964. Ward Six and Other Stories, translation by Dunnigan, afterword by Rufus W. Mathewson, New American Library, 1965. Shadows and essay the road not taken Light: Nine Stories by Anton Chekhov, translated and selected by Miriam Morton, illustrations by Ann Grifalconi, Doubleday, 1968. Stories, translation by Chamot and Garnett, introduction by Arnold B. Communication? McMillin, illustrations by the road not taken, Mette Ivers, Heron Books (Geneva), 1969.
The Wolf and statement The Mutt, translation by Guy Daniels, wood engravings by Stefan Martin, McGraw, 1971. The Sinner from Toledo, and essay not taken Other Stories, translation by Arnold Hinchliffe, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1972. The Short Stories of Anton Chekhov, selection and journal research paper introduction by essay the road not taken, Helen Muchnic, illustrations by Lajos Szalay, Cardavon Press, 1973. Essays? Seven Stories, translation and essay introduction by Ronald Hingley, Oxford University Press, 1974. Short Stories, translation and introduction by Elisaveta Fen, aquatints by Nigel Lambourne, Folio Society, 1974. Essays Life? Eleven Stories, translation and introduction by Hingley, Oxford University Press, 1975. Chuckle with Chekhov: A Selection of Comic Stories, selected. Letters of Anton Chekhov to His Family and Friends, translation by Garnett, Macmillan, 1920. Letters on the Short Story, the Drama, and Other Literary Topics, selected and edited by the road not taken, Louis S. Friedland, Minton, Balch, 1924, reprinted, Dover, 1966. The Life and Letters of hacker thesis, Anton Tchekhov, edited with translation by S. S. Koteliansky and Philip Tomlinson, G. Essay The Road Not Taken? H. Doran, 1925, B. Blom, 1965.
The Letters of Anton Pavlovitch Tchehov to Olga Leonardovna Knipper, edited with translation by Garnett, G. H. Doran, 1925, B. Blom, 1966. Selected Letters, edited with introduction by Lillian Hellman, translation by Sidonie K. Hacker Statement? Lederer, Farrar, Straus, 1955 and 1984. Letters of Anton Chekhov, translation by Michael Henry Heim and Simon Karlinsky with introduction, selection, and commentary by Karlinsky, Harper Row, 1973, publisas Anton Chekhov's Life and Thought: Selected Letters and Commentary, University of California Press, 1975. Letters of Anton Chekhov, selected and edited by Avrahm Yarmolinsky, translation by Bernard Guilbert Guerney and Lynn Solotaroff, Viking, 1973. Dear Writer, Dear Actress: The Love Letters of Olga Knipper and Anton Chekhov, translated and edited by Jean Benedetti, Ecco Press (Hopewell, NJ), 1997. The Diary of Anton Tchehov, translated by S. S. Koteliansky and not taken Katherine Mansfield, Atheneum, 1920. European Journal Submission? Note-book of Anton Chekhov, translated by not taken, Koteliansky and Leonard Woolf, B. Essays? W. Heubsch, 1921; published with Reminiscences of Anton Chekhov (see below). (With Maksim Gorky, Alexander Kuprin, and essay not taken I. A. Bunin) The Note-books of Anton Tchekhov [with] Reminiscences of Tchekhov by statement, Maksini Gorky (the former by Chekhov, the latter by Gorky, Kuprin, and essay Bunin), translation by Koteliansky and about Woolf, Hogarth Press, 1921, reprinted, Folcroft Library Editions, 1973. Essay Not Taken? Anton Tchekhov: Literary and Theatrical Reminiscences, translated and edited by Koteliansky, G. H. On University? Doran, 1927.
The Personal Papers of Anton Chekhov, translation by Constance Garnett, introduction by Matthew Josephson, Lear, 1948. The Unknown Chekhov: Stories and Other Writings Hitherto Untranslated, translation and introduction by Yarmolinsky, Noonday Press, 1954, published as The Unknown Chekhov: Stories and the road not taken Other Writings, Funk Wagnalls, 1968. The Island: A Journey to Sakhalin nfiction), translation by Luba and Michael Terpak, introduction by Robert Payne, Washington Square Press 1967. Monologues from european journal paper Chekhov, translation by Mason W. Cartwright, Dramaline Publications (Toluca Lake, CA), 1991. The Plays of Tchehov, translation by Garnett, two volumes, Chatto Windus, 1922-23, reprinted, 1965- The Works of Anton Chekhov, one volume, W. J. Not Taken? Black, 1929, published as The Best Known Works of journal submission, Anton Chekhov, Blue Ribbon Books, 1936, reprinted, Books for the road Libraries Press, 1972.
Plays and Stories, translation by Koteliansky, Dent, 1937, Dutton, 1938, reprinted, with introduction by David Magarshack, Dutton, 1967. Dissertation? The Portable Chekhov, edited and not taken introduced by european of scientific paper, Avrahm Yarmolinsky, Viking, 1947, reprinted, Penguin, 1978. Izbrannie proizvedeniya v trekh toniakh (title means Selected Works ), three volumes, [Moscow], 1964. Anton Chekhov--Plays and not taken Stories, translation by Ann Dunnigan, International Collectors Library, 1965. Selected Works in Two Volumes, translation by Ivy Litvinov, Progress, 1973. Chekhov, selected and translated by Patrick Mites and Harvey Pitcher, Abacus, 1984. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem A. P. Chekhova (title means Complete Works and Letters of A. P. Chekhov ), edited by S. D. Baiukhatyi and others, twenty volumes, [Moscow], 1944-51. Communication Essays In Nursing? The Oxford Chekhov, translated and essay the road edited by Ronald Hingley, Oxford University Press, nine volumes, 1964-75. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem A. P. Chekhova (title means Complete Works and Letters of A. P. Chekhov ), edited by european paper, N. Essay The Road? F. Statement? Bel'chikov and others, thirty volumes, Gorky Institute of World Literature of the U.S.S.R.
Academy of essay the road not taken, Sciences, 1974-83. A. F. Marx published an eleven-volume complete edition of tense, Chekhov's works from essay the road not taken 1900 to 1903. Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, considered the father of the modern short story and of the essays in nursing modern play, was born, the third of six children, in the Russian seaport town of not taken, Taganrog, near the Black Sea. Son of a grocer and grandson of a serf who had bought his family's freedom before emancipation, Chekhov was well-acquainted with the realities of nineteenth- century lower-middle-class and peasant life, an dissertation about acquaintance that was reflected objectively and unsentimentally in the road, his mature writings. Chekhov's father, Pavel, was a religious zealot and family tyrant who terrorized Anton and his two older brothers, Alexander and phd thesis tense Nicolai. Although the three younger children recalled a much less terrifying figure in Pavel, Chekhov remarked to Alexander in an 1889 letter reprinted in Avrahm Yarmolinsky's Letters of essay the road, Anton Chekhov , Despotism and lying mangled our childhood to such a degree that one feels queasy and fearful recalling it. The writer's mother, Yevgeniya, was an excellent storyteller, and in nursing Chekhov is supposed to have acquired his own gift for narrative and to have learned to essay the road not taken, read and essays in nursing write from her. At the age of essay not taken, eight he was sent to the local grammar school, where he proved an average pupil.
Rather reserved and undemonstrative, he nevertheless gained a reputation for satirical comments, for pranks, and for hacker making up humorous nicknames for his teachers. He enjoyed playing in amateur theatricals and often attended performances at the provincial theater. As an adolescent he tried his hand at writing short anecdotes, farcical or facetious stories, although he is the road also known to have written a serious long play at this time, Fatherless, which he later destroyed. The first real crisis in Chekhov's life occurred in dissertation about, 1875, when his father's business failed. Threatened with imprisonment for debt, Pavel left to find work in Moscow, where his two eldest sons were attending the university.
Yevgeniya, left behind with Anton and the younger children, soon lost her house to essay the road, a local bureaucrat who had posed as a family friend. Dissertation? She and the road the children departed for Moscow in essays life, July, 1876, leaving Anton in Taganrog to care for himself and finish school. Essay? The episode provided him with a theme--the loss of a home to a conniving middle-class upstart--that was to appear later in the short story Tsvety zapozdalyie ( Late-blooming Flowers, 1882), and to mature in his last play, Vishnyovy Sad: Komediya v chetyryokh deystriyakh ( The Cherry Orchard: A Comedy in Four Acts, 1904). The family struggled financially while Pavel looked for work, and about Chekhov helped by selling off household goods and tutoring younger schoolboys in Taganrog. In 1877 Pavel found a position in a clothing warehouse, and in 1879 Chekhov passed his final exams and joined his family in essay the road, Moscow, where he had obtained a scholarship to study medicine at Moscow University. Chekhov was first prompted to write less by an urge toward artistic expression than by european, the immediate need to support his family. His earliest efforts at publication, after his move to Moscow, were directed at the lowbrow comic magazines that flourished during this period of political repression in Russia, when to speak directly and critically of the imperial government and its vast bureaucracy could doom a writer to the penal colony of Sakhalin Island in Siberia. But Chekhov, who was never politically motivated in his writings or committed in his personal views, was not in danger of essay not taken, provoking official ire.
Although he believed strongly in hacker, artistic freedom and scientific progress, politically speaking, revealed Ronald Hingley in A New Life of Anton Chekhov , he might as well have been living on the moon as in Imperial Russia. Chekhov had read and enjoyed the comic weeklies since his schoolboy days, was under no illusions about their literary standards, and simply sought the income they provided. His first published piece appeared in the road, the St. Petersburg weekly Strekoza (Dragonfly) in March, 1880. Many more items followed during the essay next three years in similar journals and under various pseudonyms, the most common being Antosha Chekhonte, a nickname bestowed upon Chekhov some years before by his favorite grammar school teacher. In 1882 Chekhov met Nicolas Leykin, the owner and publisher of Oskolki (Fragments), the finest of the essay not taken St. Petersburg comic weeklies, to which he began submitting most of his better work. Oskolki was distinguished from the general run of comic periodicals by the firmness of Leykin's editorial control and his friendly acquaintance with the St. Petersburg censor, which allowed Oskolki to be a bit more outspoken than its competitors. Leykin insisted on very short items, no more than two and one-half pages, with a consistently comic tone throughout.
While the young writer resisted the notre dame college uniformly comic requirements, the restrictions on length proved salutary to Chekhov, who was to become the first modern master of a spare and economical prose style in fiction. The years 1883 to 1885 were very productive for Chekhov, who was in desperate need of money; but in the general litter of tired jokes and farcical trivia that came from the road his pen at life, this time, only a few stories stand out: Smert' chinovnika ( The Death of a Government Official, 1883), Tolsty i tonki ( Fat and Thin, 1883), Doch Al'biona ( The Daughter of Albion, 1883), Khameleon ( A Chameleon, 1884), Ustritsy ( Oysters, 1884), Strashnaya noch ( A Dreadful Night, 1884), Yeger' ( The Huntsman, 1885), Zloumyshlenniki ( The Malefactors, 1885), Neschastye ( The Misfortune, 1885), and Unter Prishibeyev ( Sergeant Prishibeyev, 1885). To these early writings of quality must be added Chekhov's only attempt at a novel, the serialized Drama na okhote ( The Shooting Party , 1884). Making their first appearance among these brief vignettes and jokes are the themes that predominate in Chekhov's fiction: the obsequiousness and petty tyranny of government officials; the sufferings of the poor as well as their coarseness and vulgarity; the vagaries and unpredictability of feeling; the ironical misunderstandings, disillusionments, and cross- purposes that make up the human comedy in the road not taken, general. But Chekhov's art was also developing during the mid-1880s to admissions essay, embrace more serious themes-- starvation in Oysters, abandonment in The Huntsman, remorse in the road not taken, The Misfortune. The narrative began to identify more closely with a particular character's point of view and to show more atmosphere or mood by evoking through concrete details the past tense emotions at work in a character's mind.
One of the earliest examples of what D. S. Mirsky in his Modern Russian Literature essay labeled biography of a mood appears in The Huntsman, which presents a roving peasant who refuses to go home with his wife because he prefers the essay the road freedom of a sporting life--as a shooter for the local landowner--and cohabitation with another woman. Here, as so often in journal of scientific research paper submission, Chekhov's mature stories, there is no real plot, no dramatic emotional flare-up, only a moment of confrontation which radically condenses the life histories of both husband and the road not taken wife. Journal Of Scientific Research Paper? In this moment nothing changes in their relationship or promises to change. The Road Not Taken? Details of the scene--the heat and stillness, the road stretched taut as a thong--reflect both the journal paper submission hopeless stagnation of the couple's marriage and the tension of this encounter. Chekhov's interest in more serious writing found its first outlet in the newspaper Petersburgskaya gazeta (The Petersburg Gazette), to which, in 1885, he began sending stories that Leykin and essay other comic editors had rejected as unsuitably somber. Here Chekhov found no restrictions on length or tone. Soon after his first visit to St. Petersburg in December, 1885, he was invited to notre college admissions, write for the most respected of the essay the road city papers, Novoye vremya (New Times), owned and edited by the conservative anti-Semite Alexis Suvorin, who insisted that Chekhov now publish under his own name. Chekhov was not particularly bothered by Suvorin's political views. Although the young writer was to receive harsh criticism from the left-wing intelligentsia for publishing with Suvorin, he was much more upset at having to abandon his pseudonym: still considering literature, even at this point, to be second in importance to college, medicine, he had hoped to reserve the essay use of of scientific research paper submission, his real name for future medical publications.
Besides medicine, my wife, he wrote Alexander in a letter printed in Yarmolinsky's collection, I have also literature--my mistress. By 1886, however, Chekhov was becoming a well-known writer in St. Petersburg. He had already published one collection of magazine stories in 1883 and essay the road not taken another, Pestrye rasskazy (Motley Tales) , was to appear in May. According to Ernest J. Simmons in Chekhov: A Biography , a letter reached Chekhov in March from D. Hacker Statement? V. Grigorovich, the dean of the road not taken, Russian letters, praising Antosha Chekhonte 's work as showing real talent, which sets you in the front rank among writers in the new generation. Thesis? It was one of the few laudatory remarks on his writing by which the typically undemonstrative Chekhov seemed genuinely moved, and essay his appreciative reply to on university, Grigorovich was uncharacteristically enthusiastic and effusive. The years 1886 to the road, 1887 were the most productive of Chekhov's career. Thesis Statement? Though he was still writing stories in an ironically comic vein, such as Roman s kontrabasom ( Romance With Double Bass, 1886), Mest ( Revenge, 1886), and Proizvedeniye iskusstva ( The Work of Art, 1886), his more serious plots were becoming attenuated almost to the point of stasis. In addition, while sounding a strong note of pathos, as in the road not taken, Van'ka ( Vanka, 1886), Chekhov maintained strict authorial detachment: Grisha ( Grisha, 1886), Ved'ma ( The Witch, 1886), Svyatoy Noch'yu ( Easter Night, 1886), Toska ( Heartache, 1886), Verochka ( Verochka, 1887), and Potseluy ( The Kiss, 1887) all demonstrate Chekhov's growing ability to render life from within the communication in nursing minds of his characters through the registration of significant details and to the road not taken, portray experience without preaching or attitudinizing. It was precisely for european research paper his refusal to pass judgment on the road not taken even his most despicable characters--in stories like Anyuta ( Anyuta, 1886), Zhiteyskaya meloch ( A Trifle From Life, 1886), Vragi ( Enemies, 1887), and Tina ( Mire, 1886)--that Chekhov received his most negative criticism. Even his friend and country-house landlady, Mariya Kiselev, could not refrain from scolding him for rummaging in a dung heap, to which he replied, as Yarmolinsky's collection shows, in thesis statement, a manner thoroughly compatible with his medical training and outlook: To think that it is the duty of literature to pluck the pearl from the heap of villains is to essay, deny literature itself.
Literature is past called artistic when it depicts life as it actually is. Not Taken? A writer should be as objective as a chemist. As for dissertation trying to instruct his readers, which was the principle task of any great writer according to contemporary critics of Russian culture, he later wrote to Suvorin in a letter printed by Yarmolinsky, You are confusing two concepts: the solution of a problem and the correct posing of a question . Only the second is obligatory for an artist. Granted Chekhov's strictures on authorial preaching, however, many stories from this period--for example, Vstrecha ( The Encounter, 1887), Nishchy ( The Beggar, 1887), Beda ( In Trouble, 1887), and Khoroshyie lyudi ( Excellent People, 1886)--show the unfortunate moralizing tendencies of Leo Tolstoy, who had by this time become an essay not taken object of hacker thesis, admiration for the young writer. Despite the general brightening of the essay the road Chekhov family's monetary prospects throughout the 1880s, debts continued to mount, mostly due to phd thesis tense, the spendthrift habits of the older brothers, Alexander and the road Nicolai, debts which Anton undertook to pay. College Essay? At the same time his health had been deteriorating since December, 1884, when he had suffered his first episode of bloody sputum and painful lungs, symptoms of the the road tuberculosis that was eventually to kill him. Though a doctor himself, having received his medical degree in european journal of scientific paper, the summer previous to his first attack, Chekhov spent most of his remaining years denying that there was anything seriously wrong with him.
Nevertheless, by essay the road not taken, the summer of 1887, debt, ill health, and the prodigious effort of writing to keep pace with family expenses forced Chekhov to take a vacation trip to the Steppes and eastern Ukraine, including a visit to about, Taganrog. The trip refreshed Chekhov's boyhood memories and provided material for his first publication in a serious literary, or so-called thick, journal, Severny vestnik (The Northern Herald), in March, 1888. Step ( The Steppe ) tells the story of a nine-year-old boy's journey across the vast plains of southern Russia with his merchant uncle and a local priest. The Road? Considered too long, impressionistic, and plotless by on university, the popular press, The Steppe marked Chekhov's entry into the road not taken the ranks of the major Russian writers and the beginning of european paper, his artistic maturity. Later in 1888 he received the Pushkin Prize from the Division of Russian Language and Letters of the Academy of Sciences for his collection of stories, V sumerkakh ( In the Twilight ), published the previous year. Typically, he declared himself unimpressed. This collection and the road not taken later ones-- Rasskazy ( Tales , 1888), Detvora ( Children , 1889), and a collection whose title has been translated as Gloomy People (1890)--went through many editions.
Meanwhile, Chekhov had made his theatrical debut in the autumn of 1887 with the premiere of his four-act play, Ivanov, at the Korsh Theater in hacker, Moscow. He had written two earlier one-act plays, neither of which had been produced, and a very long, melodramatic, four-act potboiler, Platonov, which was neither produced nor published in his lifetime. In Ivanov, a middle-aged landowner beset by essay the road, debts and weary of marriage seeks an tense affair with a neighbor's daughter while his Jewish wife, Sara, rejected by essay not taken, her family for marrying a Gentile, is dissertation about dying of tuberculosis. The play marks a great advance over essay not taken the histrionics and verbosity of Platonov but shows little of Chekhov's later experimentation with understatement, anticlimax, and implied feeling. Dissertation About? Audience and critical reaction was polarized: on the one hand, the play was very well made, so good, in fact, that Hingley in A New Life of Anton Chekhov deemed it superior to the road, Chayka: Komediya Chetyryokh deystviyakh ( The Seagull: A Comedy in Four Acts ), Chekhov's first truly innovative contribution to dissertation about, modern drama. On the other hand, the playwright had refused to represent his hero's behavior in an unfavorable light and the road even showed the only character who denounces Ivanov, Sara's doctor, Lvov, to be self-righteous and narrow-minded. This constituted another instance in which Chekhov's objectivity violated the canons of Russian literary taste.
From 1888 to past, 1890 Chekhov continued to write for the theater. In addition to a new but poorly received four-act play, Leshy ( The Wood Demon, 1889), he wrote four one-act farces, Medved' ( The Bear ), Predlozheniye ( The Proposal ), Tragic ( A Tragic Role ), and essay Svad'ba ( The Wedding ), all quite successful. On January 31, 1889, Ivanov opened its St. Notre? Petersburg run at the Alexandrine Theater to extremely favorable reviews. But Chekhov, bending under the strain of overseeing rehearsals, advising his producers, and dealing with the press, was becoming morose and irritated at his success. He declared himself bored with Ivanov and contemptuous of theatrical people. In general, he was impatient with praise because it seldom matched his own highly critical self-estimation, while fame brought with it heightened public expectations and unsolicited advice. It also brought visitors, and even toward welcome visitors Chekhov often felt ambivalent. When alone with his family, as at his rented country house in essay the road, Babkino or in summer residences at Luka in the Ukraine, he longed for essays company and the excitement of essay, city life. But he quickly grew tired of guests because they kept him away from his work. After 1888 Chekhov's fiction diminished in quantity but increased in quality.
He began trying to write longer stories without sacrificing conciseness. To the period from phd thesis past 1888 to 1890 belong such prized works as Nepriyatnaya istoriya ( An Awkward Business, 1888), Krasavitsy ( The Beauties, 1888), Spat' khochetsya ( Sleepy, 1888), and his two brilliant long stories, Imeniny ( The Name-Day Party, 1888) and Skuchnaya istoriya ( A Dreary Story, 1889). These two works, along with Sleepy and The Seizure, are among the finest instances of not taken, what Oliver Elton in Chekhov: The Taylorian Lecture called the research clinical study: stories drawing on Chekhov's medical expertise and depicting psychosomatic illness or the psychological effects of essay not taken, physical disease or distress. It was a form he had used in earlier stories such as Oysters and Tif ( Typhus, 1887) but had never before developed at communication, such length or with such skill. In The Name-Day Party a pregnant wife, hurt and infuriated by essay, her husband's failure to share his professional concerns with her, must cope with the hacker thesis added pressures of entertaining the guests at his name-day party. This superb study of the emotional effects of marital and essay social hypocrisy ends with a harrowing description of the wife's experience of miscarriage, which results from the day-long physical and mental strain. Chekhov claimed that many of his female readers attested to the accuracy of this story's description of labor pains, a description based on his clinical observations. In A Dreary Story a dying medical professor, Nicolai Stepanovich, recounts at length his final months, his night fears and insomnia, his impatience with colleagues and thesis statement weariness with family affairs. Alarmed by his own indifference to his daughter's elopement with a scoundrel and essay not taken vulgarian, he registers that indifference as a paralysis of the soul, a premature death, and discovers within himself only a bundle of notre dame college admissions essay, peevish desires uninformed by essay not taken, any general idea, or the european journal of scientific research paper submission god of the road, a living man. When his ward, Katya, a disillusioned actress who has been seduced and admissions essay betrayed and who is beset by the advances of a new unwanted suitor, begs for essay Nicolai's advice, he cannot reply, leaving her bitterly disappointed.
Having discovered the meaninglessness of life, the professor is european of scientific paper submission now useless to the living. Scholars have drawn numerous parallels between Chekhov and his protagonist in A Dreary Story, particularly in the professor's pessimistic and essay cynical opinions on life, on the academic professions, and on communication essays the theater, despite Chekhov's own vigorous disclaimers to Suvorin, recorded by Simon Karlinsky in Anton Chekhov's Life and Thought : If I present you with the professor's ideas, have confidence in essay, me and don't look for Chekhovian ideas in them. In any case, the theme of life's meaninglessness recurs often in the writer's later work, along with a healthy skepticism--but never cynicism--toward the possible fulfillment of human hopes. It is far from on university true that, as Lev Shestov maintained in Anton Tchekhov and essay the road not taken Other Essays , Chekhov was doing only one thing in his writing, killing human hopes; but it is a rare occasion in dissertation, his fictive universe when expectations of happiness--especially in matters of the heart- -are fulfilled. Essay The Road Not Taken? At the same time, Chekhov strongly believed in scientific and technological progress--slow though it might be in dissertation about, coming--and was a thoroughgoing pragmatist, like another character of his, Dr. Astrov, the conservationist and physician in Dyadya Vanya: Stseny iz derevenskoy zhizni v chetyroykh deystviyakh ( Uncle Vanya: Scenes From Country Life in the road not taken, Four Acts ). The author believed in doing one's best for notre today, letting tomorrow take care of itself, and remaining open to not taken, the joys of life, however vulnerable to essays in nursing, subsequent disappointment such openness might leave one. Essay Not Taken? Chekhov's least likeable characters are nearly always energetic and efficient but indifferent to deeper human feelings, or else so benumbed by statement, suffering and privation as to have died emotionally, like the narrator of A Dreary Story or the Siberian ferryman, Semyon, of V ssylke ( In Exile, 1892). By early 1890, Chekhov's spirits were low.
His brother Nicolai had died the previous summer after a protracted bout of essay the road not taken, tuberculosis. On University Life? In the autumn, The Wood Demon had been rejected by two theaters and had closed for good after three performances at a third. A projected novel had been abandoned after two years of intense work, and the liberal press was attacking him for not taken his unprincipled writing. On top of everything else, Chekhov was bored. In April, after months of tense, preparation, he set off to visit the eastern Siberian penal colony of Sakhalin Island to essay, take a census of its inhabitants, interview its officials, and write a report on conditions there. On University Life? Though he cited scientific, humanitarian, and literary reasons for his unusual decision, and a vague desire to the road, pay off my debt to medicine, according to a letter printed by Yarmolinsky, Chekhov was motivated principally by the need for life a radical change of scene. The trip was arduous and hazardous, even for a healthy man: five thousand miles across the Siberian wilderness, three thousand by horse-drawn cart along the infamous trakt , the dirt road that spanned Siberia. On arrival, Chekhov observed and carefully recorded the misery of life on the five-hundred-mile-long island, conducting some 160 interviews a day.
In October he sailed for Odessa by way of Vladivostok, Hong Kong, Singapore (which he found depressing), Ceylon (which he thought a paradise on earth), and the road Port Said, arriving December 1. Once in Moscow, he joined his family in their new lodgings on Malaya Dmitrovka Street. Material based on his eastern journey later appeared in hacker thesis statement, Gusev ( Gusev, 1890), In Exile (1892), and not taken Ubiystvo ( Murder, 1895). From February to March of hacker thesis statement, 1891, Chekhov worked on Duel ( The Duel, 1891), a long story set in the Caucasus and essay depicting the antagonism between a young, Bohemian romantic and communication essays idealist, Layevsky, and a cold-blooded, hard-working, ambitious zoologist, von Koren, who has fanatical convictions about the essay need to exterminate social drones like Layevsky. Typically, their creator refuses to take sides in hacker thesis, the dispute, although Layevsky reforms at the road, the end. Past Tense? In March and April, Chekhov journeyed with Suvorin and his son to Italy and France, locales which appeared later in Rasskaz neizvestnovo cheloveka ( An Anonymous Story, 1893) and Ariadna ( Ariadne, 1895). That summer, he lived at Bogimovo in a mansion provided for the season by an admirer of his work. There he began a scholarly book, Ostrov Sakhalin ( Sakhalin Island ), finished The Duel, and wrote Baby ( Peasant Women, 1891). In September he returned to Moscow where he spent the winter working on An Anonymous Story, Zhena ( My Wife, 1892), and a work whose title is essay translated as The Butterfly (1892). In March, 1892, Chekhov and his family moved to his newly purchased country estate at Melikhovo in Moscow District. Journal Research Paper Submission? Here they remained in residence until 1899, their longest--and happiest--stay in any one home. Chekhov the landowner was on good terms with the local peasants, treating their medical problems free of charge, paying for his own dispensary, financing and overseeing the building of essay not taken, schools, and tense organizing measures against the cholera epidemics of 1892 and 1893.
His experiences greatly influenced his depiction of peasant life in such mature works as Muzhiki ( Peasants, 1897) and V ovrage ( In the Ravine, 1900), the former of which caused a furor when first published because Chekhov refused to sentimentalize or idealize his peasants in the accepted manner of such promoters of unsophisticated wisdom as Tolstoy and essay the road Fyodor Dostoevsky. At one point, Peasants even reads like an indictment of the peasantry for about its brutality, greed, and not taken sordidness. While the narodniks , or peasant fanciers, of the liberal press excoriated Chekhov, the Marxists praised the story for journal research submission its realistic portrayal of class conditions. Dissatisfied, as ever, with staying in one location for too long, Chekhov made frequent trips to Moscow, St. Petersburg, and the south of essay, Russia. Everywhere he went he was welcomed, praised, and celebrated with parties, but he felt rather distant from it all and soon wearied of the research paper submission social round. Essay? At about this time Chekhov apparently took his first mistress, Lydia Yavorsky, an actress at Moscow's Korsh Theater.
It was not a passionate affair. Chekhov had always manifested a somewhat fastidious attitude toward sex, commensurate with his generally stolid or passive temperament, and seemed to believe that unrestrained sexual activity contributed to senility. As Hingley delicately put it in essays on university, A New Life of Anton Chekhov , We are certainly entitled to deduce that he was somewhat undersexed. Chekhov's very brief engagement to his sister's Jewish friend, Dunya Efros, in January, 1886, is treated so lightly and ironically in his letters to his friend, Bilibin, as to lead Hingley in essay the road, A New Life to communication essays in nursing, regard it as a private joke. Other women figured in Chekhov's life during the essay the road early 1890s, including Lydia (Lika) Mizinov, another friend of his sister's whose intense love for hacker statement him he reciprocated only as friendship, and Lydia Avilova, wife, mother, and essay not taken minor writer, who, at their first meeting, managed to convince herself that Chekhov felt toward her a passionate, undying love that was stifled only by guilt over her marital status.
Mizonov finally turned her attentions to Chekhov's friend, the Ukrainian writer Ignatius Potapenko, a married man; Chekhov used the affair as a model for the relationship between Trigorin, the writer, and Nina, the aspiring actress, in The Seagull, much to the chagrin of Mizinov and Potapenko. Phd Thesis Past? As for Avilova's allegations presented in her memoirs Chekhov in My Life , most modern scholars--with the essay the road exception of David Magarshack, who added an appendix to the 1970 reprint of Chekhov: A Life specifically to refute Ernest Simons's dismissal of Avilova's claims--see them as highly subjective interpretations unsubstantiated by corroborating evidence in Chekhov's notebooks and correspondence. Ward Number Six and a later story Moya zhizn ( My Life, 1896), the account of a young man who defies his architect father to work as a common laborer, mark Chekhov's final experiments with the Tolstoyan philosophy of pacifistic resistance to evil. Tolstoy was still, however, a towering object of Chekhov's admiration because of his two great novels, War and on university life Peace and Anna Karenina , the latter of which had influenced Chekhov's writing of The Name-Day Party. In August, 1894, Chekhov visited Yasnaya Polyana, Tolstoy's family estate, and the two became good friends despite their divergent views on the role of literature and the arts. Other outstanding works from Chekhov's Melikhovo period include a study of intellectual megalomania, Chorny monakh ( The Black Monk, 1894), Babye tsarstvo ( A Woman's Kingdom, 1894), Volodya bol'shoy i Volodya malen'ki ( The Two Volodyas, 1894), Tri goda ( Three Years, 1895), Ariadne (1895), Skripka Rotshil'da ( Rothschild's Fiddle, 1895), Na podvode ( In the Cart, 1897), Vrodnom uglu ( At Home, 1897), and the so-called trilogy of stories--one whose title has been translated as A Hard Case (1898), Kryzhovnik ( Gooseberries, 1898), and O lyubvi ( Concerning Love, 1898)--each of which is told by one narrator to characters who figure as narrators in the other two stories. All three stories focus on a failure to grasp the the road essential joys of life by not taking advantage of opportunities that come only once in a lifetime, for fear of making a mistake. From October to November, 1895, Chekhov wrote The Seagull, a play that deliberately flouts the stage conventions of nineteenth-century theater: it has no starring role, its dramatic action declines rather than builds with each act, and it eschews dramatic crises and essays on university life the direct representation of powerful feelings. Yarmolinsky's Letters records the not taken playwright's own assessment of his art in The Seagull : I began it forte and wound it up pianissimo --contrary to all the precepts of of scientific paper, dramatic art.
As his first effort in a radically new form of dramatic composition, The Seagull reveals the full extent of Chekhov's originality. Not Taken? But the play is flawed by heavy-handed symbolism borrowed from the Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen--the use of the dead seagull to represent hopes betrayed; and the work contains an ambivalence of tone that does not resolve itself, as it does in the later plays, into a perfect balance of opposites. College Admissions? While Donald Rayfield argued in A Chekhov Companion essay that the play is in essay the road not taken, many ways meant to be farcical, critics are generally undecided about how seriously to take its subtitle, A Comedy in Four Acts, since the work treats the ruin of dissertation about, a young woman's life and the suicide of the young man who once loved her. The Seagull 's premiere on October 17, 1896, at the road not taken, the Alexandrine Theater in St. Petersburg was a complete disaster, due as much to the circumstances in which the play was produced as to its originality. Hacker Thesis Statement? Besides being under-rehearsed, The Seagull was scheduled for the benefit night of a well-known comic actress, for essay whom there was no part in the play. Hacker Thesis? Her assembled fans were displeased with what they felt was highbrow experimentation, and a riot ensued. Though later performances were well received, theater management decided to close the play after only five performances.
Chekhov was devastated and swore never again to write plays. He was nevertheless devoting a great deal of effort to revising The Wood Demon, the 1889 stage failure that eventually became the play Uncle Vanya. On the evening of the road not taken, March 22, 1897, Chekhov suffered a violent hemorrhage of the lungs while at past, dinner with Suvorin in essay not taken, Moscow. He was hospitalized for phd thesis tense two weeks, during which time he suffered a second hemorrhage. He then had to acknowledge his illness. Essay The Road Not Taken? During the ensuing summer at Melikhovo, he stopped writing completely, cut back on all his activities, and essays in nursing his health began to improve. For the essay the road not taken winter of 1897 to notre college, 1898, Chekhov sought a climate favorable to the road, his health, resuming his writing in Nice on the French Riviera.
In France at this time controversy was stirred by the Dreyfus affair, in which military officer Alfred Dreyfus was wrongly tried and imprisoned for treason against France; Chekhov took an dissertation about interest in the case, particularly after the publication of essay not taken, Emile Zola's J'accuse, a defense of the court-martialed Jewish lieutenant. Support for Dreyfus also earned Chekhov's partisanship, which led to hacker thesis, a break with his friend Suvorin, whose Novoye vremya was publishing vehemently anti-Semitic attacks on the Dreyfusards. In Nice Chekhov was contacted by Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, cofounder along with Constantin Stanislavsky of the new Moscow Art Theater, which was intended to essay, stimulate public taste for the new drama. Nemirovich-Danchenko was ecstatic about The Seagull and persuaded Chekhov to let him produce it as part of the troupe's first season. From that point on, Chekhov's activities as a dramatist and those of the Moscow Art Theater were intertwined. In September, 1898, on his way to winter in Yalta, Chekhov attended rehearsals of past tense, his play and not taken was introduced to the members of the thesis new theater troupe, including Olga Knipper, the actress who later became his wife. On December 17, 1898, the Moscow Art Theater performed The Seagull for the first time since its disastrous premiere. At the end of the first act, after a stunned silence, the audience exploded into the road applause. At their insistence, a telegram was sent to dissertation, Chekhov in essay the road, Yalta to tell him of his success.
During Chekhov's stay in Yalta that winter he purchased land on which to build a new villa and statement bought a seaside cottage not far from the city. His stories from this time, such as Novaya dacha ( New Villa, 1898), and essay the road especially Po delam sluzhby ( On Official Business, 1898), show a growing awareness of the rift between the upper and lower classes and a new concern for tense social justice. Essay The Road? It was at this time, perhaps not coincidentally, that he became friends with a young writer of social conscience, Maksim Gorky. In early 1899 Chekhov was elected an Honorary Academician of the Pushkin Section of Belle Letters of the Academy of Sciences. Chekhov divided his time between Melikhovo and dissertation about Moscow during the spring and summer of 1899, helping the Maly Theater in its preparations for the Moscow premiere of the road not taken, Uncle Vanya, which had been making the rounds of provincial theaters since its appearance two years before in Chekhov's collected plays. Except for its principal characters and central theme, Uncle Vanya is almost unrecognizable as a later version of The Wood Demon. The play focuses on the Voynitsky household, plunged into thesis statement turmoil by the sudden appearance of the now nearly senile Professor Serebryakov, the intellectual brother-in-law for whose benefit Uncle Vanya Voynitsky, to manage the family estate, has sacrificed his adult life. In representing this situation Chekhov fulfilled the promise of The Seagull : he created a perfectly orchestrated tragicomedy of essay not taken, nuanced pauses, significant breakdowns and cross-purposes in conversation, elusively symbolic objects, and dissertation about farcical violence, all pointing up the unrecoverable loss of essay, a whole and meaningful life.
However, the play was much too ambiguous for statement the Theatrical and Literary Committee that administered the essay imperial theaters, of which the Maly was one. They voted to send Uncle Vanya back to its author for cuts and changes. Chekhov took the communication in nursing opportunity to withdraw the play and submit it to his new friends at essay not taken, the Moscow Art Theater, where it became the talk of the autumn season in Moscow after its first performance on October 26, 1899. From October to December, 1899, Chekhov worked on his last group of thesis statement, stories-- Na Svyatkakh ( At Christmas, 1899), In the Ravine (1900), and Dama s sobachkoy ( A Lady With a Pet Dog, 1889)--the last of which Virginia Llewellyn Smith, in essay, Anton Chekhov and the Lady With a Dog , called a summary of the entire topic of Chekhov's attitude to women and to love. Meanwhile, he and Olga Knipper had begun exchanging letters after her short visit to Chekhov's Yalta villa the previous April, when the Moscow Art Theater had made a Crimean tour. During the summer of 1900 the two became lovers, but only after Olga first made a point of phd thesis tense, securing the friendship of the road, Chekhov's sister, Mariya, and the good will of the hacker thesis Chekhov household. By August Olga was playfully cajoling the writer in her letters from Moscow to marry her.
During October, 1900, Chekhov joined Olga in Moscow with the manuscript of The Three Sisters, to not taken, which he had devoted nearly all his energies since the new year. In The Hudson Review Howard Moss described The Three Sisters as the communication essays most musical of all of Chekhov's plays in construction, the one that depends most heavily on the repetition of motifs, and yet a play that is seemingly artless. Essay The Road Not Taken? Charles J. Rzepka declared in his Modern Language Studies essay that The Three Sisters continually invokes a world of communication, art larger than life while, like life itself, betraying no sense of . a final cause or ultimate purpose. The Three Sisters was also the essay not taken most difficult play, as it turned out, for Chekhov to complete to his satisfaction, and in nursing he was still revising it on essay the road his arrival in Moscow. Ominously, the Art Theater actors and producers felt it to dissertation about, be unplayable. Irritated, as much with Moscow in general as with the players, and feeling definitely uncomfortable with Olga's constant presence, Chekhov took a brief trip to St. Petersburg and then left for not taken Nice; from there he sent back to Moscow revised versions of Acts III and european journal paper IV and detailed stage directions for The Three Sisters. In general, Chekhov was unhappy with most of the Art Theater's productions of essay not taken, his plays because of essays in nursing, Stanislavsky's tendency to overplay and underscore scenes that Chekhov had conceived as exquisitely understated and indirect. This clash of interpretative styles became very clear during rehearsals for The Three Sisters, where the real tragedy appears not in such events as the killing of essay the road, Irina's suitor, Tusenbach, by the ironical dandy, Solyoni, nor in the success of Natasha, the grasping and dissertation about ruthless sister-in-law of the Prozoroffs, but in the agonizing stultification of three lives that are finally smothered under the weight of everyday occurrences. When The Three Sisters premiered on January 21, 1901, response was lackluster, criticism lukewarm.
The public did not know how to receive the play. This news reached Chekhov as he was touring Italy. After he returned to Yalta in early 1901, Olga increasingly pressured Chekhov to marry her. Essay The Road? She did not want to spend time with him and his family in Yalta, living in his house and secretly joining him in his room at night. In May, Chekhov reluctantly agreed to matrimony and phd thesis joined Olga in Moscow to exchange vows. His sister, Mariya, was bitterly hurt, even nauseated, by the event, but while her year-old relationship with Olga was temporarily strained, the two ultimately resumed a friendship that endured for many years after Chekhov's death.
Contemporary accounts suggest that the marriage itself was something less than blissful. The Road? I. Essays? N. Altshuller, Chekhov's Yalta doctor, felt the liaison was a disaster for the road not taken Chekhov's health. Chekhov's friend, the writer I. A. Bunin, was even more negative, seeing Olga's theatrical milieu as alien and threatening to her husband's peace of mind. Chekhov spent most of his time in the south while Olga performed with the Art Theater in Moscow or on tour, so the two lived as much apart as together. Dame Admissions Essay? Olga would often write Chekhov from Moscow, describing wild cast parties and the amorous advances of fellow actors, apparently in order to essay, excite jealousy in communication, her rather passive husband. Chekhov, on his part, would frequently excuse himself from joining her in Moscow or, when with her, contrive reasons to take brief journeys away from her. During the summer of 1901, in Yalta, Chekhov began coughing up blood once more, and his declining health prompted him to essay the road not taken, make his will. Dame College Admissions? When he went to Moscow in September, he immersed himself in essay the road not taken, more rehearsals of The Three Sisters for the new season, personally producing Act III. Essays On University? On September 21 he saw it performed, and for essay not taken perhaps the first time in notre admissions essay, his life felt perfectly satisfied with the interpretation of essay the road not taken, one of phd thesis, his plays.
He was applauded in two curtain calls after Act III. The following winter Chekhov's health worsened, but he continued to write, sending Arkhiyerey ( The Bishop ) to Zhurnal dlya vsekh ( Journal for Everyone ) in February of 1902. Essay The Road? Also that month Olga visited Chekhov in dame, Yalta. In March she had a miscarriage, and for the next four months her health fluctuated drastically. By July she had recovered sufficiently to allow a six-week holiday for her and Chekhov at Stanislavsky's family estate, Lyubimovka. These were perhaps the happiest few weeks of the not taken Chekhovs' married life: they enjoyed abundant food, drink, relaxation, good company, and, most important, good fishing.
But Chekhov left Lyubimovka in mid-August without providing his wife with a sufficient explanation for his departure, and european of scientific afterward he and Olga quarreled by letter for a month. In August, too, Chekhov, along with his friend and fellow academician, Vladimir Korolenko, resigned from the Academy of essay, Sciences in protest over the expulsion of Maksim Gorky, who had been elected the statement previous February. Czar Nicolas II, discovering that Gorky had a police record and was under surveillance in essay the road, connection with recent student unrest, had expressed his profound chagrin at the younger writer's appointment. Chekhov's resignation had little effect on the Academy, but did much to bolster Chekhov's reputation with the liberal intelligentsia. Back in Yalta over the winter, separated from Olga for five months, Chekhov worked on his last story, Nevesta ( A Marriageable Girl, 1903), and set about writing the first draft of The Cherry Orchard, which he had been pondering for two years. He finished it in October, 1902, and sent it to Moscow for rehearsal. By this time Chekhov's health had seriously worsened. Of Scientific Paper? He was irritable and impatient with everyone and became furious at not taken, Stanislavsky's and Nemirovich-Danchenko's misinterpretations of his new play. Unwilling to leave the play's production in their hands, he journeyed to communication essays, Moscow against the advice of Dr.
Altshuller and threw himself into preparations and rehearsals for essay the road The Cherry Orchard, revising and editing as he went along. It was obvious that he and about Stanislavsky were working at cross- purposes once again. Chekhov had conceived the play as a comedy, a farce, while Stanislavsky kept encumbering the staging with ponderous tragic nuance. Indeed, The Cherry Orchard represents the essay perfect embodiment of that exquisite balance of tragedy and farce with which Chekhov so skillfully imbued his mature plays. This portrait of the economic exploitation of the Ranevskaya family--doomed devotees of a humane and european research life-loving tradition--by the middle-class vulgarian Lopakhin conveys the major themes of Chekhov's career placed in unresolvable but organic tension: the essay the road intrinsic value of opening oneself up to the beauty of the world and the love of others, and the foolishness of such openness in the face of the dissertation about inevitable destruction of beauty and essay the road not taken love. When it premiered on tense January 17, 1904, as part of a Jubilee Celebration of its author's twenty-five years as a writer, The Cherry Orchard was an immediate success. Later, back in Yalta, Chekhov was pleased by news of the play's successful opening in St. Petersburg on essay the road April 2, even though he remained convinced that the company did not really understand the play.
In May, quite near death, Chekhov left Russia on his doctor's orders for a spa at Badenweiler, Germany, taking Olga with him. Through most of June his health seemed to improve, but on June 29 he suffered a heart attack. He recovered, only to suffer another attack the next day. In the early morning hours of July 2, 1904, he awoke choking and delirious but had enough presence of mind to send for a doctor. While awaiting the physician Olga prepared some crushed ice to place on her husband's chest, but Chekhov protested, You don't put ice on an empty heart. When the doctor arrived, Chekhov revealed, Ich sterbe (I am dying). Taking a sip of champagne, which at that time was considered salutary for heart victims, he remarked that he hadn't drunk champagne for statement ages, then turned on his side and the road not taken closed his eyes. Moments later he was dead. In an european journal ironic twist that he might have appreciated, Chekhov's body, sent back to Russia in essay the road, a refrigerator car, was enclosed in a box marked oysters.
Chekhov's influence on the modern short story and the modern play was immense. Essay? Among his innovations were his economical husbanding of the road not taken, narrative resources, his concentration on character as mood rather than action, his impressionistic adoption of particular points of view, his dispensing with traditional plot, and, as Charles May declared in an essay collected in phd thesis past, A Chekhov Companion , his use of atmosphere as an ambiguous mixture of both external details and psychic projection. In all these regards Chekhov had an immediate and direct impact on such Western writers as James Joyce, Katherine Mansfield, and the road Sherwood Anderson; indirectly, most major authors of short stories in the twentieth century, including Katherine Anne Porter, Franz Kafka, Ernest Hemingway, Bernard Malamud, and Raymond Carver, are in his debt. With respect to twentieth-century drama, few playwrights with so small an oeuvre have wielded such vast influence over the course of literary history. With Ibsen and Strindberg, Chekhov pioneered what Magarshack in journal of scientific submission, Chekhov the Dramatist called the indirect action play: he used understatement and broken conversation, off-stage events and absent characters as catalysts of the road not taken, tension, but retained a strict impression of notre college admissions essay, realism. He went further than his contemporaries in his rejection of the classical Aristotelian plot- line, in the road, which rising and college essay falling action comprise an immediately recognizable climax, catastrophe, and the road denouement. In Chekhov's mature plays, realism extended to the strict coincidence of stage time with real time, so that it was the elapsed time between acts, sometimes extending over european months or years, that showed the changes taking place in characters.
Thus, as Martin Esslin pointed out in the road, an essay appearing in A Chekhov Companion , the relentless forward pressure of the phd thesis tense traditional dramatic form was replaced by a method of narration in which it was the discontinuity of the images that told the story, by implying what had happened in the gaps between episodes. At the same time, Chekhov's realism was not a simple transcription of life but a highly structured portrait subtly held together by complex networks of not taken, verbal imagery, repeated sounds and phrases, ambiguously suggestive or simply enigmatic props--all of which made up what has come to phd thesis past tense, be known as the subtext of essay the road, a Chekhov play. Among Western playwrights, George Bernard Shaw was the first to phd thesis past, grasp Chekhov's intentions and techniques, and he modeled his own Heartbreak House (1919) on not taken The Cherry Orchard. Yet it was not until the mid- 1920s that Chekhov caught on with English audiences, becoming one of the trio of major dramatists regularly performed in phd thesis past, British playhouses, along with Ibsen and Shakespeare. His influence on English playwrights other than Shaw, up to and including Harold Pinter, has been less direct, but no less powerful. In American drama the notion of subtext that Chekhov originated informs many of the works of Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, Clifford Odets, and William Inge.
Chekhov's methods also anticipate Bertolt Brecht's technique of the road, Vefreundungseffekt (estrangement) and Samuel Beckett's dramatic stasis and derealization; although Kenneth Rexroth's contention in Classics Revisited that Chekhov's is truly a theater of the european of scientific research submission absurd, may overstate the case, Richard Gilman nevertheless concurred with Rexroth in essay the road, The Making of Modern Drama . Perhaps the most puzzling aspect of Chekhov's canon is the in nursing diversity of the road, responses it excites. European Journal Of Scientific Research Submission? Early portraits of the man and his work tended toward sentimentality: Gorky in Reminiscences of Anton Chekhov recalled the the road quiet, deep sigh of essays on university, a pure and essay the road not taken human heart, and on university Nina Andronikova Toumanova in Anton Chekhov: Voice of the road, a Twilight Russia described a gentle soul . in desperate fear of life, taking refuge in a queer world of silvery twilight and dark shadows. The modern portrait of Chekhov, while much more nuanced and complex, is also contradictory. In Chekhov: The Evolution of notre dame college, His Art , Donald Rayfield detected at least three different Chekhovs emerging from the critical canvas, optimist, pessimist, decadent, [and] scientific impressionist; in an essay appearing in Chekhov: A Collection of Critical Essays , John Gassner sees two figures: on essay not taken the one hand, an artist of notre dame essay, half-lights, a laureate of well-marinated futility, and a master of tragic sensibility, and on the road not taken the other, a paragon of breezy extroversion. Nearly all his commentators concur that Chekhov was a master ironist, but not all agree on just when he was being ironic. In The Cherry Orchard, for instance, is the student Trofimov--buoyant, enthusiastic, and filled with hope about the progress of humanity--indeed Chekhov's spokesman, as Ruth Davies contended in The Great Books of Russia ? Or is he simply a queer bird, as the character Madame Ranevskaya tells him, someone whose talk, asserted Joseph Wood Krutch in european journal of scientific submission, Modern Drama: A Definition and not taken an Estimate , like that of nearly all Chekhov's characters, will never be anything but talk? Does the cherry orchard itself symbolize, as Krutch insisted, the grace and beauty of the past which is being sacrificed because it has no utilitarian value? Or is it what Magarshack identified in Chekhov the Dramatist as a purely aesthetic symbol that expresses the destruction of communication essays in nursing, beauty by those who are utterly blind to it? These are the essay the road kinds of questions excited by the enigma that was Chekhov--lyricist and realist, comedian and dame admissions tragedian, ironist and progressive. Perhaps, in essay the road not taken, the end, as Hingley suggested in A New Life of Anton Chekhov , Chekhov was himself that tantalizing phenomenon: a Chekhov character.
Aiken, Conrad, Collected Criticism, Oxford University Press, 1968. Avilova, Lydia, Chekhov in My Life: A Love Story, translation by David Magarshack, Greenwood Press, 1971. Bitsili, Petr M., Chekhov's Art: A Stylistic Analysis, translation by T. W. Clyman and E. J. Cruise, Ardis Press, 1983. Bruford, W. Hacker Thesis Statement? H., Anton Chekhov, Yale University Press, 1957. Clyman, Toby W., editor, A Chekhov Companion, Greenwood Press, 1985. Davies, Ruth, The Great Books of Russia, University of Oklahoma Press, 1968. de Sherbinin, Julie W., Chekhov and the road Russian Religious Culture: The Poetics of the Marian Paradigm, Northwestern University Press, 1997. Elton, Oliver, Chekhov: The Taylorian Lecture, Clarendon Press, 1929. Erneljanow, Victor, editor, Chekhov: The Critical Heritage, Routledge Kegan Paul, 1981. Gilman, Richard, Chekhov's Plays: An Opening into Eternity, Yale University Press (New Haven, CT), 1995. Gilman, Richard, The Making of Modern Drama: A Study of Buchner, Ibsen, Strindberg, Chekhov, Pirandello, Brecht, Beckett, Handke, Farrar, Straus, 1974.
Gorky, Maksim, Alexander Kuprin, and I. Essays In Nursing? A. Bunin, Reminiscences of the road, Anton Chekhov, translation by S. S. Koteliansky and Leonard Woolf, B. W. Huebsch, 1921. Hahn, Beverly, Chekhov: A Study of the Major Stories and Plays, Cambridge University Press, 1977. Hingley, Ronald, Chekhov: A Biographical and Critical Study, Oxford University Press, 1950. Hingley, Ronald, A New Life of Anton Chekhov, Knopf, 1976. Jackson, Robert Louis, editor, Chekhov: A Collection of Critical Essays, Prentice-Hall, 1967. Jackson, Robert Louis, editor, Reading Chekhov's Text, Northwestern University Press, 1993. Johnson, Ronald L., Anton Chekhov: A Study of the Short Fiction Twayne Publishers (New York City), 1993. Karlinsky, Simon, editor, Anton Chekhov's Life and Thought: Selected Letters and Commentary, translation by Karlinsky and Michael Henry Heim, University of California Press, 1975.
Krutch, Joseph Wood, Modernism in Modern Drama: A Definition and an Estimate, Cornell University Press, 1953. Lafitte, Sophie, Chekhov: 1860-1904, translation by M. Budberg and G. Communication? Latta, Angus Robertson, 1974. Magarshack, David, Chekhov: A Life, Greenwood Press, 1952, reprinted, 1970. Magarshack, David, Chekhov the essay the road Dramatist, Hill Wang, 1960. Magarshack, David, The Real Chekhov: An Introduction to Chekhov's Last Plays, Allen Unwin, 1972. Mirsky, D. Dissertation? S., Modern Russian Literature, Oxford University Press, 1925. Pitcher, Harvey, The Chekhov Play: A New Interpretation, Chatto aWindus, 1973.
Pritchett, V. S., Chekhov: A Spirit Set Free, Random House (New York City), 1988. Rayfield, Donald, Chekhov: The Evolution of His Art, Barnes e, 1975. Rayfield, Donald, The Cherry Orchard: Catastrophe and Comedy, Twayne Publishers, 1994. Rexroth, Kenneth, Classics Revisited, Quadrangle Books, 1968. Reference Guide to Short Fiction, St.
James Press, 1994. Reference Guide to World Literature, second edition, St. James Press, 1995. Shestov, Lev, Anton Tchekhov and Other Essays, translation by S. S. Koteliansky and essay J. M. Murty, Maunsel, 1916, reprinted, University of Michigan Press, 1966. Simmons, Ernest J., Chekhov: A Biography, University of Chicago Press, 1962. Smith, Virginia Llewellyn, Anton Chekhov and the Lady With a Dog, Oxford University Press, 1973. Stowall, Peter, Literary Impressionism: James and Chekhov, University of Georgia Press, 1980. Styan, J. L., Chekhov in Performance, Cambridge University Press, 1971. Toumanova, Nina Andronikova, Anton Chekhov: Voice of Twilight Russia, Columbia University Press, 1937. Tulloch, John, Chekhov: A Structuralist Study, Macmillan, 1980.
Turkov, Andrei, Anton Chekhov and His Times, translated by Cynthia Carlile and Sharon McKee, University of Arkansas Press (Fayetteville, AR), 1995. Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, Gale, Volume 3, 1980, Volume 10, 1983. Valency, Maurice, The Breaking String: The Plays of Anton Chekhov, Oxford University Press, 1966. Watson, Ian, Chekhov's Journey, Carroll and essays Graf (New York City), 1989. Williams, Lee J., Anton Chekhov, the Iconoclast, University of Scranton Press (Scranton, PA), 1989. Winner, Thomas G., Chekhov and His Prose, Holt, 1966. Woolf, Virginia, The Common Reader, Harcourt, 1948. Yarmolinsky, Avrahm, editor, Letters of Anton Chekhov, translation by Bernard Guilbert Guerney and essay not taken Lynn Solotaroff, Viking, 1973.
Zubarev, Vera, A Systems Approach to Literature: Mythopoetics of Chekhov's Four Major Plays, Greenwood Press (Westport, CT), 1997.