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How to Improve Your Essay Writing Quickly: A Step-by-Step Guide. Stephanie Allen read Classics and English at St Hugh’s College, Oxford, and is currently researching a PhD in Early Modern Academic Drama at the University of Fribourg. Dissertations. Whatever your brand of format school admission brilliance – whether you’re a physics genius, a sporting hero or (like me) a blinky, bookish type – there comes a point in most students’ academic careers when being good at life means being good at essays. As the subjects you study get more advanced and complex, you’re increasingly asked to free dissertations think, evaluate, and have opinions where you once might have simply made calculations or learned definitions. In general, the further you progress through your education, the more rote learning will be replaced by the kind of analysis usually best demonstrated by essays. If by some miraculous feat you manage to avoid writing anything substantial at high school, it’s something you’ll almost certainly have to essay on olympic games face at university yes, even if you#8217;re studying a science subject (although the essays won#8217;t usually be quite as long). One way or another, essay writing comes to us all. In essays, like running, practice makes perfect; but with running the correlation is free dissertations, more obvious. The likelihood is that at some point in rhetorical, the not-too-distant future (unless you are both incredibly reluctant and startlingly resourceful) you will have to write an essay, either in dissertations, exam conditions or in your own time, that will count towards a final grade in some way. Essay For Graduate School. If this is a scary prospect for you, there’s good news and bad news.

The bad thing about essay writing is that it’s not something – like French verbs, or the ability to free run long distances – that miraculously gets better on essay format school its own if you just keep having a go. To improve at dissertations, essay writing, students often need a paradigm shift: to figure out logos, exactly what isn’t working, and why, and to learn and free, apply a new way of doing things. The good news, on the other hand, is essay, that the individual skills required to write a strong essay are things you can learn, practise and improve in. This article is all about pinpointing what those skills might be, and giving you some suggestions as to how you might develop them. Free Dissertations. Not all these tips will work for all of binge disorder you, but being good at essay writing, like being good at any other school-related discipline, is all about trying different things, and devising your own way of doing things. Libraries are purpose-designed for studying.

Bedrooms aren’t. Before you even start planning an essay, I’d recommend you sit down and have a quick think about how you want to dissertations do it. First, what resources will you need? The internet, or library books? This might affect where and essay for graduate school, how you decide to work: I have wasted a huge amount of time trying to find versions of articles on free dissertations the internet that I knew were in books at the library, or procrastinating because I wanted to work at home rather than leaving the house. I would recommend taking yourself to a library ninety-nine times out of a hundred. Secondly, if you’re working from books or downloadable articles, can you afford to work somewhere without the internet? The absence of Facebook and Instagram will guarantee your concentration will be about a hundred times better, which will show in the quality of your work. Next, make a little timeline for games in india your essay. Make a list of everything you want to free read and try to get hold of ethos logos essay all your material before you start.

Think about free dissertations how long you’re going to spend reading and researching, planning, and graduate, writing – leaving a day or two before the deadline to make any significant changes, or just in case things don’t go to plan. I’d recommend allotting 3 hours to read a 20-page article, and about a day to write 2000 words. This might sound like a silly amount of planning, but the point of free dissertations it is this: hundreds of thematic essay all-nighters have taught me that essay-writing becomes incredibly stressful and painful when you’re up against free the clock, and a reader can tell immediately if something is rushed or dashed off at 2am on the day of the deadline. What’s more, you simply won’t have your best creative ideas under pressure. If you’ve got time, have a look at this – comically eighties and battered woman, slightly cringey – video about creativity. A lot of what the speaker says about thinking and free dissertations, playfulness is, in my opinion, directly applicable to essay-writing. Looking at things other than the set reading list means you won’t be reading all the same things as your classmates, leading to a more original and interesting essay.

Some teachers set reading lists for essays, or make suggestions about graduate where students should look for free information; others ask you to find sources yourself. Even if your teacher does prescribe reading, it’s always worth seeing whether you can find something extra that will add breadth, depth or a fresh perspective to your argument. However, it’s important to essay on olympic think carefully about free dissertations whether a source is reliable and valuable. What sort of sources should I use? The most appropriate sources will vary from subject to subject. Here are some common ones: Academic articles: These are essays by scholars at battered syndrome defense essay, universities, and usually published in journals or as books. They are always useful, and can be found by looking in dissertations, the library (ask your teacher for recommendations!), having a poke around Google Scholar, or, if your school has a subscription, on the website Search for key words and rhetorical ethos logos essay, phrases and see what comes up. Newspaper articles: might be useful evidence for an essay in History, but may not be detailed or scholarly enough for Biology. If you use a newspaper article or opinion piece, think about the factors that might bias it and include your thinking in your essay! Wikipedia: a very useful starting-point, and an increasingly reliable resource.

However, avoid referencing it: a teacher or examiner might not like it and may take against your essay. Instead, look at the reference section at the bottom of the article and see where the writer has gathered their information from. Free Dissertations. Online blogs: in essay on olympic in india, general, stay away from these, as you don’t know who’s written them and how valuable their opinion is, or how reliable their facts. The exceptions are blogs by well-known experts. Make notes of things that seem interesting as well as the things that are strictly relevant. You want to free be sure you answer the question but that interesting comment will often work its way into your essay and thematic essay, you don’t want to waste ages searching for free it. It might feel like the world’s greatest faff, but taking good notes from your sources will save you a huge amount of woman defense time when you come to plan and write your essay: Type out notes as you read, rather than simply underlining or highlighting – thus you’ll have a summary of the most important chunks of essays ready to use when you plan, rather than having to trawl through whole documents again looking for quotations. Free. For this reason, if you think you might want to quote something, copy it out in the exact wording of the writer.

Type notes in a different colour for thematic essay each new source you read. In order to engage intelligently with what you’ve read, you’ve got to remember who said what, what they meant by it, who they were fighting against and whether you agreed with them or not. Colours are a really helpful visual aid to dissertations doing this. At the end of eating disorder each new essay or article, write a few lines summarising the author’s main points, and dissertations, whether or not you agree with them. Thematic Essay. N.B. Your critical engagement with the free dissertations scholars and authors whose work you’ve read will count for a huge chunk of marks.

This does not mean listing a load of on olympic in india names and rehearsing their arguments; nor does it mean disagreeing with everyone for the sake of dissertations it. Format. Instead, think about whether or not what they’re arguing holds true in dissertations, your experience – or compare them to each other. Decent planning at sea will help you avoid sea monsters. Essay On Olympic In India. Decent planning in essays will help you avoid irrelevant waffle. Planning is the single most important step in writing a good essay, and, frustratingly, also the step that’s most often rushed or neglected by students. If your essays often get criticised for having poor structure or unclear lines of argument, chances are you need to practise your planning. I use the following step-by-step process to turn my notes into a good plan; you can try it too, and see if it works for you. 1) Re-read your notes a couple of dissertations times, and underline anything you think is particularly important, interesting, or relevant to the area of the topic you want to disorder thesis discuss. Free Dissertations. As far as possible, try and organise your thoughts into syndrome defense essay, sections, and see if you can link ideas together.

Tip: It might be that you’ve got two or three different ideas for a topic, and you’re not sure which to go with: in free dissertations, this case, you can use a couple of different spider diagrams to see which works best. Thematic Essay. Where do the ideas link together most easily, or fall together into neat sections? Which question would you be able to answer most fully? 2) Sit back and look at your diagram(s), perhaps alongside your notes, and work out the main ‘point’ or conclusion you want to make in your essay. The best essays are characterised by a clear line of free dissertations argument throughout – I don’t really buy the essay in india idea that essays should present both sides of a question. I always decide what I’m trying to say ; the point I want to free conclude with, before I start. Now, the job you’ve got in writing the essay is to set this conclusion up. 3) Work backwards, using the essay on olympic links you’ve made on your spider diagram: what do you need to argue or show to make your point? Jot these ‘points’ down in a couple of words each.

This forms the beginnings of a skeleton for your essay. 4) Start to fill out your skeleton with information from dissertations your notes, and binge, any extra ideas you might have. If you’re writing a literature essay, it’s CRUCIAL that you include some close analysis of free dissertations passages to support your argument. Jot down the sentences that link these in to the greater structure. 5) Fill out your skeleton more and rhetorical analysis essay, more, until it’s essentially a rough draft in bullet points. Every twist or nuance of free your argument should be in there; every introductory and concluding sentence for every paragraph, making it explicit how this paragraph answers your question.

Non-experts can be just as useful as experts for looking over format for graduate admission, your work; if your essay makes sense to someone who doesn’t know much about the topic at hand, that’s a good sign. 6) At this point, it’s very helpful if you can get someone (a friend or a parent will do) to read over your plan and see if it makes sense. Does everything follow? Is it all relevant? Your plan should be so complete that the person who reads it will immediately be able to spot any flaws. Move things around, add or delete to incorporate their criticism: it’s much easier to change something in bullet-point format than when it’s all written out properly. Don’t expect this process to be quick or easy. For a 1500-word essay, I usually write a plan of about three sides, and spend at least three hours making sure that before I put pen to paper, every kink in my argument is ironed out. The pay-off of doing it this way is dissertations, that the writing process is short and easy – a case of joining up the dots, polishing bullet-points into sentences – much better than coming up with ideas and organising thoughts at the same time as finding the rhetorical analysis ethos essay words to dissertations express them. Get better and better: If you struggle with structure or clarity, practise your planning!

Give yourself a limited amount of time (say, two hours), pick three previous essay questions from an exam or coursework paper, and plan your answers as thoroughly as possible. Get your teacher to look over your plans when you’re done. The ‘actual writing’-bit can be the most daunting and binge thesis, stressful part of the free essay process, and graduate thesis writing, is where most students get stuck. Here are some tried-and-tested solutions to common writing problems: Blank pages become much less frightening when they aren’t blank any more. You can polish your style later; now is the time just to get something written. It’s quite common to want your first sentence to be arresting, paradigm-shifting, to propel your reader headlong into your essay. Dissertations. However, this desire can be paralysing: one of the most stressful feelings in the world is that of staring at a blank page, thinking about the number of words you’ll need to fill it all up. The key to getting started is to just write something . Don’t worry about how good it is – get it down, and move on, and come back and change it when you’re well into battered defense essay, your flow.

Go back to your plan and make sure you know what you’re arguing. If you still can’t get the words out, try and write down what you want to say as simply as possible. Then move on to an easier section of the essay. Alternatively, you can try going for a walk, making a cup of tea or having a break. Free. Sometimes, in the process of writing, you’ll realise that you entirely disagree with two-days-ago you, and you don’t really believe in syndrome defense essay, the argument you’re trying to dissertations make. Thematic Essay. If it is the case, go back to dissertations the drawing board. Don’t plough on regardless – a lack of conviction will show in your essay. Return to your plan, and see if you can use similar material but change the thematic essay emphasis, and dissertations, perhaps the thesis writing odd bit of evidence, to produce a different argument. Everyone has their own individual writing style: your might be as purple and flowery, or scientific and direct as you like (within reason). However you write, to get top marks, it’s crucial that you learn to be precise . The proverb, “Eggs and oaths are soon broken”, is an free dissertations example of zeugma. Style-wise, there are two poles of wrongness: vagueness, and thesis, over-complication.

Of course, every subject has its particular vocabulary, and learning this will be crucial, and sharpen your analysis; but remember that little words are your friends too! Make sure that you know the exact meaning of each word you use. Dissertations. Crucially, make sure you know exactly what each word you’re using means, and think carefully about whether you’re applying it in the right context – remember that whoever is reading your essay will know better than you the meanings of zeugma, stagflation or symbiosis. Finally, don’t hide behind subject-specific vocabulary: make sure that you’re using terms to contribute to and develop your essay, and nothing of the flow is lost. Get good at conventions like footnoting, and writing bibliographies. Battered Woman Syndrome Defense Essay. Examiners really do check these!

When you’ve finished, leave the essay for a day or two, and then re-read it. Dissertations. If possible, get someone to proofread for you. This way, you’ll avoid making lots of silly mistakes that threaten the eating thesis clarity and flow of your essay. 25 Responses to #8220;How to free Improve Your Essay Writing Quickly: A Step-by-Step Guide#8221; April 11, 2015 at 5:52 pm, l seales said: This article is extremely helpful in essay on olympic, assisting me in free dissertations, identifying the pit falls of my essay writing. Thematic Essay. July 01, 2015 at 9:47 pm, Reels said: Very helpful article which aims for a solid high standard. September 01, 2015 at 3:31 pm, Seng manith said: I#8217;m really poor in writing,so I need some advice from you. Free Dissertations. How can I improve it? September 03, 2015 at 9:40 am, ORA Admin said: We hope this helps. November 23, 2015 at graduate writing, 8:06 am, Elham almoula said:

Thanks a lot for free these important point.. School. But could you help me how to write a good ambitions essay. November 23, 2015 at free dissertations, 10:22 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for your comment. Unfortunately it is analysis ethos pathos logos essay, difficult for us to advise you on free dissertations your particular essay, but we have a large collection of essay-writing and study skills articles on the ORA website that may be of binge eating thesis use to you. Hopefully you can find something that can help you in the following articles: January 28, 2016 at 7:32 pm, Frederick Armoh said: the tips given to free us has help us to know how to write good essays. GOD BLESS YOU ALL. February 26, 2016 at 5:41 am, notabookworm said: I want be a good speaker and amazing writer. I want everyone impressed with me. But, when I#8217;m writing #8230;. blank, lost ideas. Rhetorical Ethos Pathos. When I#8217;m writing a story, I want it turn out as a nice story that makes anyone who reads my story impressed.

I don#8217;t want to make a cliched one . But, as noted, I#8217;m lacking ideas. My teacher tells me that you need to free dissertations read, to enrich your idea, vocab, grammar and woman syndrome defense, so on. I admit that I#8217;m not a bookworm . Free Dissertations. I#8217;ve been through all the tips on how to improve essays and I#8217;ve found your article. It is amazing and extremely helpful for battered woman me. Thank you. Free Dissertations. May 01, 2016 at 9:36 am, Romona said:

Notabookworm, I have a few tips for you. If you#8217;re writing a fantasy story, then just take an everyday object and imagine it into whatever you want it to be. Essay On Olympic In India. Then you#8217;ll be developing your very own sense of beautiful imagination. Free Dissertations. March 17, 2016 at 6:11 pm, veer said: Very helpful article could you please advice me how to improve communication skills I want to be come a public speaker please help on that. May 01, 2016 at 9:33 am, Romona said: What do you do when you#8217;re in a timed test? May 17, 2016 at battered woman defense essay, 12:20 pm, Matt said: I found this extremely helpful when writing. I want to be able to write college level work, and it did work.

I have gotten really high grades on my essays when I read this. July 05, 2016 at free dissertations, 9:29 am, Mouhcine said: I have improved my grades drastically when I started reading books that speak most to my authentic self. Graduate Writing. I do not just read on any topics. I select the ones of particular interest to me. Free. I find this very helpful in learning how to write better. January 08, 2017 at 1:41 pm, jawed said: hi dear sir/madam. hope you are fine and doing well. How can I improve my test essy I am realy intresting to improve my test essy beacause some time I faced to this problem please I need to your helpful. February 18, 2017 at 7:06 pm, Temmie said: I think it is rhetorical analysis ethos pathos logos, too long. Free Dissertations. February 18, 2017 at 7:09 pm, HAM said: THANK YOU I GOT BETTER.

February 18, 2017 at 7:09 pm, You said: February 27, 2017 at 9:51 pm, omega said: May 18, 2017 at 5:40 am, kimsong said: I want to be good at rhetorical analysis ethos logos essay, write essay and best speaker too. February 27, 2017 at 9:49 pm, omega said: This article helped me more into how I should lay out free dissertations, everything. Graduate. There#8217;s just one thing that bothers me, where can I find a good way to apply my evidence and follow it up with a warrant? Reply as soon as possible Thanks. Free. June 17, 2017 at 4:36 pm, Sammi said: This article is extreemly helpful, and i have started improving my essay writing skills. However in timed essays these skills seem to go out of the window.

Do you have any advice for thesis writing timed essays? August 11, 2017 at 10:00 am, David said: The article is dissertations, really useful. Syndrome Defense. It remains only to find strength and get to work. August 24, 2017 at dissertations, 11:12 pm, mehboob said: i want to thematic essay chek my essay daily by it possible? September 14, 2017 at 1:35 pm, younus said: Every ones want to write the essay of free course everywhere we should used pas tans defiantly will you done the essay/

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Research Paper on Chemical and Biological Weapons. II. Chemical Weapons. III. Biological Weapons. A. Free Dissertations. Difficulties of Surveillance. IV. Rhetorical Analysis Ethos Logos. Ethical Issues for Biomedical Scientists.

V. Ethical Issues for Physicians. The development, production, storage, transfer, use, and destruction (demilitarization) of chemical and biological weapons (CBW) pose a number of ethical issues. First, those weapons, like nuclear weapons, are largely indiscriminate in dissertations their effects and are generally more effective against vulnerable noncombatants than against combatants; they therefore are known as weapons of mass destruction, and their use generally is considered a violation of the format for graduate school, proportionality principle of a just war. Second, CBW, also like nuclear weapons, are the subject of intensive international arms-control efforts involving problems of definition, verification, and enforcement. Third, biomedical scientists and free dissertations, physicians may be called on to participate in research and battered defense essay, development on more effective CBW as well as on methods for defense against them and dissertations, the treatment of their victims. Chemical weapons (CW), which have been known since antiquity, are designed to inflict direct chemical injury on their targets, in essay contrast to explosive or incendiary weapons, which produce their effects through blast or heat. In the free, siege of Plataea in 429 B.C.E., for example, the Spartans placed enormous cauldrons of on olympic in india pitch, sulfur, and burning charcoal outside the city walls to harass the defenders. Free Dissertations. Although nations that signed the 1899 Hague Declaration promised not to use CW, during World War I those weapons, including in descending order of use tear gas, chlorine gas, phosgene, and mustard gas, were employed. Overall, 125,000 tons of CW were used during World War I, resulting in 1.3 million casualties.

One-quarter of all casualties in the American Expeditionary Force in France were caused by them (Harris and Paxman; Sidel and Goldwyn; Sidel, 1989; United Nations; World Health Organization). In 1925 twenty-eight nations negotiated the Geneva Protocol for the “prohibition of the use in essay on olympic games war of asphyxiating poisonous or other gases and of all analogous liquids, materials or devices and of bacteriological methods of warfare” (Wright, p. Dissertations. 368). In fact, however, the protocol prohibited only the use, not the development, production, testing, or stockpiling, of those weapons. Furthermore, many of the nations that ratified the protocol reserved the right to thesis, use those weapons in retaliation, and the protocol became in effect a “no first use” treaty with no verification or enforcement provisions. The United States was one of the initial signers, but the Senate did not ratify the free dissertations, treaty until 1975 (Sidel, 1989; Wright). Despite the binge eating disorder, protocol, the free, use of CW continued.

Italy used mustard gas during its invasion of Abyssinia (Ethiopia), and Japan used mustard and tear gases in its invasion of China. Germany, with its advanced dye and pesticide industries, developed acetylcholinesterase inhibitors known as nerve gases, and the United States and Britain stockpiled CW during World War II; transportation and storage accidents caused casualties (Infield), but there was no direct military use. After World War II CW were used by Egypt in Yemen, mustard and nerve gases were used in the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s, and Iraq used CW against essay format for graduate, Kurdish villages in its territory. CW stockpiles and production facilities in Iraq were ordered destroyed by the United Nations after the 1991 Persian Gulf War. The United States and Russia are known to free, have maintained CW stockpiles, and a number of other countries have stockpiles or facilities for rapid CW production (Harris and thesis, Paxman; Sidel, 1989). Troops can be protected against those weapons for limited periods through the use of gas masks and impenetrable garments. That protective gear, however, reduces the efficiency of troops by as much as 50 percent and damages morale, and so the free dissertations, use or threat of rhetorical use of free CW may continue to woman, be considered effective against troops.

Civilian populations, in contrast, cannot be protected adequately. Israel, for example, provides every civilian with a gas mask and a self-injectable syringe filled with atropine, a temporary antidote to nerve gas. However, that protection is inadequate against weapons, such as mustard gas, that attack the skin and against longer-term exposure to nerve gas. Furthermore, poorly trained civilians are likely to injure themselves with equipment such as self-injectable syringes (Amitai et al.). The production of CW has been associated with serious accidents to workers and high levels of pollution in the production sites and nearby communities. Tests of mustard gas, nerve agents, and dissertations, psychochemicals, including lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), during and after World War II involved thousands of logos military personnel, many of whom later claimed disabilities from the exposure. Free Dissertations. The records of participation and effects are so poor that only a small fraction of those who participated can be identified. Even the destruction of the weapons is dangerous because toxic ash is produced by their incineration (Sidel, 1993). A Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) that prohibits the development, production, storage, and transfer of those weapons and calls for their demilitarization was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in 1992. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which is rhetorical analysis ethos logos essay responsible for ensuring the free dissertations, implementation of the CWC, was established in the Hague after the entry into force of the CWC in 1997. By 2003 a total of 151 “states parties” (nations) had ratified or acceded to writing, the BWC.

The First Review Conference of the States Parties to the CWC was held in free dissertations the Hague in April 2003, and thesis writing, Kofi Annan, secretary general of the United Nations, urged that “membership in the CWC be extended to all nations in the world and that enough funds be provided to accelerate complete chemical disarmament.” In the 1960s and 1970s the United States used both tear gas and herbicides in Vietnam. Although most nations that are parties to the Geneva Protocol considered tear gas and herbicides to be CW and free dissertations, thus prohibited under the provisions of the protocol, the United States until recently rejected that interpretation (Sidel and Goldwyn; Sidel, 1989). Eating. Many countries use tear gas to quell civil disorders (Hu et al.). The signatories to dissertations, the CWC have agreed not to use riot-control agents or herbicides as weapons of war. In 2002 Russia used derivatives of fentanyl, a potent opium-based narcotic, to subdue Chechen rebels who had occupied a theater in Moscow and taken 800 hostages. Although Russia formally considered the chemical agent “nonlethal” and its use permissible under the CWC, a total of essay format admission 117 people died as a result of its use (“Russia Names Moscow Siege Gas”). In 1984 members of a cult in dissertations Oregon intentionally contaminated the rhetorical analysis ethos pathos, salad bars in local restaurants with salmonella bacteria. More than 700 people became ill, but there were no reported deaths.

In 2001, shortly after the attack on the World Trade Center, anthrax spores were disseminated through the U.S. Free. mail. Approximately twenty people became ill, and five people died. Biological weapons (BW) depend for their effects on the ability of microorganisms to infect and multiply in the attacked organism. In this regard they differ from toxins, which, as biological products used as chemicals, are covered under CW as well as BW treaties. BW are very hard to defend against and are not as controllable and predictable in their use as are CW (Harris and Paxman; Geissler, 1986; Sidel and Goldwyn; Sidel, 1989; United Nations; World Health Organization, 1970). The effects of BW were characterized officially by a U.S. government agency in 1959: “Biological warfare is the intentional use of living organisms or their toxic products to woman essay, cause death, disability, or damage in man, animals, or plants. Dissertations. The target is man, either by causing sickness or death or through limitation of his food supplies or other agricultural resources.… Biological warfare has been aptly described as public health in reverse” (U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare). BW have been known since antiquity. Persia, Greece, and Rome used diseased corpses to contaminate sources of drinking water.

In 1347 Mongols besieging the walled city of Caffa (now called Feodosiya), a seaport on the east coast of the Crimea, began to die of the plague. The attackers threw the corpses into the besieged city; the defenders, who were Genoans, fled back to Genoa and carried the plague farther into Europe. During the French and Indian Wars Lord Jeffrey Amherst, commander of the thematic essay, British forces at Fort Pitt, gave tribal emissaries blankets in which smallpox victims had slept (Harris and Paxman; Geissler). During World War I Germany is free dissertations alleged to essay on olympic, have used the equine disease glanders against the cavalries of free eastern European countries (Harris and Paxman, p. 74). In India. According to testimony at the Nuremberg trials, prisoners in German concentration camps were infected during tests of BW. Great Britain and the United States, fearing that the Germans would use BW in free dissertations World War II, developed their own BW. The British tested anthrax spores on Gruinard Island off the coast of Scotland; the island remained uninhabitable for decades. The United States developed anthrax spores, botulism toxin, and other agents as BW but did not use them (Bernstein). In the 1930s Japanese troops dropped rice and format school, wheat mixed with plague-carrying fleas from planes, resulting in plague in areas of free China that previously had been free of it. Graduate Thesis. During World War II Japanese laboratories conducted extensive experiments on prisoners of war, using a wide variety of organisms selected for possible use as BW, including anthrax, plague, gas gangrene, encephalitis, typhus, typhoid, hemorrhagic fever, cholera, smallpox, and tularemia (Wright).

Unlike the Soviet Union, which in free dissertations 1949 prosecuted twelve people who had been involved in that work, the battered woman essay, United States never prosecuted any of the participants. Instead, U.S. researchers met with Japanese biological warfare experts in Tokyo and urged that the experts be “spared embarrassment” so that the United States could benefit from their knowledge (Powell; Williams and dissertations, Wallace). After World War II the development of BW continued. None of the numerous allegations of BW use have been substantiated or even investigated fully, but it is known that extensive BW testing was done. Defense. In the 1950s and 1960s, for example, the University of Utah conducted secret large-scale field tests of BW, including tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, plague, and Q fever, at the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground. Dissertations. In 1950 U.S. Navy ships released as simulants (materials believed to be nonpathogenic that mimic the spread of BW) large quantities of bacteria in the San Francisco Bay area to test the efficiency of their dispersal. Some analysts attributed subsequent infections and deaths to one of rhetorical analysis logos those organisms. During the 1950s and 1960s the United States conducted 239 top-secret open-air disseminations of simulants, involving areas such as the New York City subways and Washington National Airport (Cole).

The U.S. military developed a large infrastructure of laboratories, test facilities, and production plants related to free dissertations, BW. By the end of the 1960s the United States had stockpiles of at thematic essay, least ten biological and toxin weapons (Geissler). A 1979 outbreak of pulmonary anthrax in free dissertations the Soviet Union is said to have been caused by accidental release from a Soviet BW factory. Recent disclosures by Russian scientists indicate extensive environmental contamination and medical problems caused by CW production (“Russian Experts Say Many Died Making Chemical Weapons”). In 1969 the rhetorical analysis logos, Nixon administration, with the free dissertations, concurrence of the U.S. Defense Department, which declared that BW lacked “military usefulness,” unconditionally renounced the development, production, stockpiling, and use of BW and announced that the United States would dismantle its BW program unilaterally. Essay Admission. In 1972 the Soviet Union, which had urged a more comprehensive treaty that would include restrictions on CW, ended its opposition to a separate BW treaty. Dissertations. The United States, the Soviet Union, and other nations negotiated the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Prevention and Stockpiling of woman syndrome Bacteriological (Biological) and free, Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (BWC). The BWC prohibits, except for “prophylactic, protective and on olympic games in india, other peaceful purposes,” the development or acquisition of biological agents or toxins as well as weapons carrying them and means of their production, stockpiling, transfer, and delivery.

The U.S. Senate ratified the BWC in 1975, the same year it ratified the Geneva Protocol of 1925. As of 1987, 110 nations had ratified the BWC and an additional 25 had signed but not yet ratified it (Wright). Invoking the specter of new biological weapons and unproven allegations of aggressive BW programs in other countries, the Reagan administration initiated intensive efforts to conduct “defensive research,” which is free permitted under the BWC. The budget for the U.S. Rhetorical Analysis Pathos. Army Biological Defense Research Program (BDRP), which sponsors programs in a wide variety of dissertations academic, commercial, and analysis pathos logos essay, government laboratories, increased dramatically during the 1980s. Much of that research work is medical in free nature, including the essay, development of immunizations and treatments against organisms that might be used as BW (Piller and Yamamoto; Wright). Although research on and the development of new BW are outlawed by the BWC, it is possible that they will occur in the future.

Novel dangers lie in new genetic technologies that permit the development of genetically altered organisms that are not known in nature. Stable, tailor-made organisms used as BW could travel long distances and free, still be infectious, rapidly infiltrate a population, cause debilitating effects very quickly, and be resistant to antibiotic treatment (Piller and Yamamoto). IV. Ethical Issues for Biomedical Scientists. Biologists, chemists, biomedical scientists, and physicians have played important roles in CBW research and development. Format School. Fritz Haber, who was awarded the 1918 Nobel Prize in dissertations chemistry for his synthesis of ammonia, is known as the rhetorical ethos logos essay, father of Germany’s chemical weapons program in World War I. In his speech accepting the Nobel Prize Haber declared poison gas “a higher form of killing” (Harris and Paxman, 1982). By contrast, during the Crimean War the British government consulted the noted physicist Michael Faraday on free, the feasibility of developing poison gases; Faraday responded that it was entirely feasible but that it was inhumane and he would have nothing to do with it (Russell).

Many scientists who explicitly acknowledge the ethical conflicts involved in work on weapons argue that a higher ethical principle—the imperative of essay for graduate school admission defending one’s country or helping to free, curb what is thematic essay perceived as evil or destructive— permits or even requires participation in such work. Dr. Theodor Rosebury, who worked on free dissertations, BW during World War II, based his participation on essay on olympic in india, his belief that crisis circumstances that were expected to dissertations, last for only a limited time required that he act as he did. “We were fighting a fire, and it seemed necessary to risk getting dirty as well as burnt,” he later wrote (Rosebury, 1963). Rosebury refused to participate in BW work after the end of the war (Rosebury, 1949). Other scientists resolved their ethical dilemma by thematic essay, arguing that their work on weapons was designed to free dissertations, reduce the devastation of battered syndrome war. For example, while working on free dissertations, “nonlethal” CBW in thesis the 1960s Dr. Knut Krieger argued that his research would lead to decreased fatalities: “If we do indeed succeed in creating incapacitating systems and are able to free dissertations, substitute incapacitation for death it appears to me that, next to stopping war, this would be an important step forward” (Reid). Relevant ethical concerns about “defensive research” on BW by biomedical scientists include issues of content, safety, context, and locus (Lappe). The Japanese laboratory established in 1933 to develop BW was called the Epidemic Prevention Laboratory. One of its activities was supplying vaccines for troops bound for Manchuria, but its major work was developing and binge thesis, testing BW (Powell). Military forces today could conduct research on the offensive use of BW under the cover of defensive research because offensive and defensive research are joined inextricably in at least some phases of the dissertations, work (Huxsoll et al.).

In the parts of the work in which offensive and defensive efforts are parallel new forms of organisms may be found or developed that would be more effective as biological weapons. The possibility that offensive work on BW is being done in the United States under the thematic essay, cover of defensive work has been denied by the leaders of the dissertations, BDRP, who point out the areas in which the two types of research diverge (Huxsoll et al.). Critics nonetheless raise questions about the ambiguity of BDRP research, arguing that “these efforts are highly ambiguous, provocative and strongly suggestive of offensive goals” (Jacobson and Rosenberg; Piller and Yamamoto; Wright). Many analysts believe that CW or BW research, even if it is truly defensive in intent, may be dangerous to surrounding communities if toxic materials or virulent infectious organisms are released accidentally. CW or BW research, even if it is defensive in intent, can be viewed by a potential military adversary as an attempt to develop protection for graduate, a nation’s military forces or noncombatants against free dissertations, weapons that that nation might wish to use for offensive purposes, thus permitting that nation to protect its own personnel in a CW or BW first strike. In fact, the military justification for preparing altered organisms is that they are needed for the preparation of defenses. It is therefore impossible for adversaries to determine whether a nation’s defensive efforts are part of preparations for the offensive use of weapons. Fears in this area usually are based on military sponsorship of defensive BW research. Even if that research is relatively open, other nations may view with suspicion the intense interest of military forces rather than civilian medical researchers in vaccines and treatments against specific organisms.

Those fears can feed a continuing BW arms race. More generally, concern has been expressed about the militarization of genetic engineering and biology in general. Characterization of biological weapons as “public health in reverse” therefore may have an even broader and more sinister meaning: The entire field of biology, along with and ethos logos, aspects of it such as the use of human genome research to dissertations, design weapons to target specific groups, may be in essay format school admission danger of military use for destructive ends (Piller and Yamamoto; Wright). The imprisonment of a chemist by the Russian government and the revocation of dissertations his university diploma for publishing an article describing the development of new, highly toxic CW illustrate the restrictions that are placed on essay games in india, scientists who do CBW research (Janowski). The first question that arises is whether it is dissertations constructive to view certain ethical responsibilities as unique to the physician’s social role. Theodor Rosebury described the response to physician participation in work on BW during World War II: “There was much quiet but searching discussion among us regarding the binge eating disorder, place of doctors in such work … a certain delicacy concentrated most of the physicians into principally or primarily defensive operations.” Rosebury went on to point out that the modifiers principally and primarily are needed “because military operations can never be exclusively defensive” (Rosebury, 1963). What is seen as the special responsibility of physicians is based largely on an ethical responsibility not to use the power of the free, physician to graduate thesis, do harm (primum non nocere). Although the Hippocratic oath seems to apply to the relationship of the physician to free, an individual patient, its meaning has been broadened by many to proscribe physician participation in actions harmful to nonpatients. In regard to research on essay for graduate, offensive weapons of war there seems to free dissertations, be a consensus that physicians participate in such research at their ethical peril even if their country demands it or they think it useful for deterrence or other preventive purposes. However, because of the ambiguity of defensive work on BW, the dilemma for the physician is not easily resolved even for those who believe that defensive efforts are ethically permissible.

Some proponents of syndrome essay defensive research on BW have argued that it is dissertations entirely ethical—that in fact it is obligatory— that physicians work on it. Essay Format For Graduate School. According to this perspective, not only will defenses be needed if such weapons are used against free, the United States, that work also may be useful in developing protection against for graduate admission, naturally occurring diseases (Crozier; Huxsoll et al.; Orient). Other analysts believe that it is unethical for dissertations, physicians to play a role in military-sponsored BW research because it has a strong potential for intensifying a BW arms race and helping to militarize the thematic essay, science of biology, thus increasing the risk of the use of BW and free, the destructiveness of essay games their effects if they are used (Jacobson and Rosenberg; Nass, 1991; Sidel, 1991). The question is: Where on the slippery slope of participation in preparing for free, the use of BW should physicians draw the line? If physicians engage in civilian-sponsored research on disease control that carries an obligation to report all findings in the open literature even if the research may have implications for BW, that participation, most analysts agree, cannot be faulted on ethical grounds. However, when physicians engage in military-sponsored research in essay on olympic games which the openness of reporting is equivocal and the purposes are ambiguous, it is difficult to distinguish their work ethically from work on the development of weapons. As was noted above, the BWC prohibits any “development, production, stockpiling, transfer or acquisition of biological agents or toxins” except for “prophylactic, protective and other peaceful purposes.” The responsibility for government-sponsored medical research for prophylactic, protective, and other peaceful purposes in the United States lies largely with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Dissertations. The NIH or the CDC therefore might be given the thematic essay, responsibility and the resources for medical research of this type. The U. S. Army still may want to conduct nonmedical research and development on defense against dissertations, BW, such as work on detectors, protective clothing, and other barriers to the spread of organisms. Under this proposed division of effort that research is less likely to essay for graduate school admission, be seen as offensive, provoke a BW race, pervert the science of biology, and involve physicians (Sidel, 1989). A different type of ethical issue related to CBW arose during the Persian Gulf War in 1991.

The United States provided protective measures such as immunization against botulinum toxin and anthrax for its military forces. Dissertations. Despite the fact that some of those measures were experimental, no informed consent procedures were used and compliance often was required. Furthermore, the measures were made available to military forces but not to noncombatants in thematic essay the area (Annas; Howe and Martin). In addition to the ethical dilemmas involved in these decisions it may be unethical for physicians to ignore the issues involved in CBW. One of the greatest dangers of those weapons may be the apathy of the dissertations, medical profession toward them. Essay Admission. The fact that BW are the weapons with which physicians may become engaged and the ones about which they have specialized knowledge gives physicians a special responsibility not only to refuse to work on them but also actively to work to reduce the threat of their development or use. Physicians and biomedical scientists should support methods for international epidemiological surveillance to detect the use of BW and investigate incidents in which use has been alleged after an unexplained disease outbreak (Geissler, 1986; Nass, 1992a, 1992b) and support the Vaccines for Peace Programme for the control of “dual-threat” agents (Geissler and Woodall).

Support also might be given for measures to strengthen the BWC through the introduction of the verification proposals that were put forth at the 1991 BWC Review Conference (Falk; Rosenberg and free dissertations, Burck; Rosenberg). With regard to analysis, chemical weapons, biomedical scientists and physicians might support effective implementation of the free, 1993 CWC (Smithson).

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Child Not Doing Homework? Read This Before You Try Anything Else. (This article is free part of the graduate thesis writing, Be Positive series. Get free article updates here.) With less than an hour to go before my seven-year-old daughter’s bedtime, my home was a long way from being the oasis of free, calm I was hoping for at that time of thesis writing, evening.

Instead Lily had just scribbled all over her homework worksheet, thrown her pencil on free the floor and was now yelling at the top of her voice: ‘ I hate Math. I suck at essay, it. ’ With my younger daughter to put to free dissertations bed, Lily in a melt-down and me exhausted after a day at battered syndrome essay, work, the tension was rapidly rising. But even if I could calm ourselves down, there was no end in sight. Even if I could persuade her to finish her math homework, Lily still had the whole book reading to do. So I was facing two choices – Should I stand over her and insist that not doing homework was NOT an option? Or, should I tell her to put the books away, write a note to her teacher and just let her unwind and play in the lead-up to bedtime? Have you been there?

What choice would you make? The choice I would make now is very different to dissertations what my choice would have been a few years back. Back then, I’d try to push through with a mixture of thesis writing, cajoling and prompting and assurances that she did know how to do her Math really . If that didn’t work then maybe in despair and free, frustration that she didn’t seem to want to essay in india try, I would have got angry and tried to explain how serious I was about this. Like every parent, I had started out assuming I was simply doing the very best for my child by making sure her work was as good as it could be. After all, what choice did I have? From the very early days in the private nursery she attended, I found myself surrounded by free lots of other mothers locked into the same race to make their children the brightest and the best. As Lily got older, I came to learn how insidiously contagious pushy parenting is. If one of the mothers spotted another a parent with a Kumon Math folder, we all rushed to format admission sign up too – for fear our children would get left behind. Neurosis underpinned every conversation at free dissertations, the school gates – particularly as all of us were aiming to on olympic games in india get our children into a small handful of selective private schools in the area. Bit by bit, the parenting journey which had started off being so exciting and rewarding, was turning into a stressful game of one-upmanship.

But children are not products to be developed and put on dissertations show to reflect well on us. Depending on graduate thesis what happens on the night, every child is conceived with a unique combination of dissertations, genes which also maps out their strengths, weaknesses and personality traits before they are even born. Lily may have been bred into a competitive hotbed. But as an innately modest and sensitive child, she decided she did not want to play. The alarm bells started ringing in Grade Three when, after I personally made sure she turned in the best Space project, she won the prize.

While I applauded uproariously from the sidelines, Lily, then seven, fled the room in analysis logos essay tears and refused to accept the book token from the Head. When she calmed down, she explained she hated us making a fuss. But what is just as likely is free dissertations that she disliked the fact that her successes had become as much ours as hers. Even at that young age, no doubt she also realized that the format school admission, more she succeeded, the more pressure she would be under to keep it up. Over the dissertations, next few years, the issues only deepened. The Problem of Not Doing Homework. Slowly, Lily started to find excuses for not doing homework. School Admission. Our home started to become a battlefield. She would barely open her books before yelling: “ I’m stuck ” –when really she was just terrified of getting it wrong. The increasing amounts of homework sent home by the school gradually turned our house into a war zone – with me as the drill sergeant.

Homework is one of the most common flash points between kids and parents – the free, crossroads at which academic endeavors meet parental expectations at close quarters – and behind closed doors. Surveys have found that homework is the single biggest source of friction between children and parents. One survey found that forty per cent of kids say they have cried during rows over thesis, it. Even that figure seems like a dramatic underestimate. Yet more and more, it is recognized that homework undermines family time and eats into hours that should be spent on play or leisure. A straightforward piece of work that would take a child twenty minutes at free, school can easily take four times as long at home with all the distractions and delaying tactics that go with it. As a result, children get less sleep, go to bed later and essay, feel more stressed. Homework has even started to take over the summer vacations. Once the long break was seen as a chance for children to dissertations have adventures, discover themselves and explore nature.

Now the summer months are viewed as an extension of the academic year – a chance for kids to catch up… or get ahead with workbooks and tutoring. But ultimately homework abides by the law of diminishing returns. Researchers at Duke University found that after a maximum of two hours of thesis writing, homework, any learning benefits rapidly start to drop off for high school students. While some children will do everything to avoid doing it, at the other extreme others will become perfectionists who have to be persuaded to go to free dissertations bed. Some moms I spoke to had to bribe their children to do less! Given the cloud of anxiety hovering over them, no wonder some of these children perceive education as stressful. Perhaps fewer parents would go down the path of high performance parenting if they realized how much resentment it creates in their children. The irony is that all this obsession with pushing our kids towards success, pushes away the graduate thesis, very people we are trying to help. While all of free dissertations, us would say we love our children no matter what, unfortunately that’s not the woman, message our kids hear. Dissertations. Instead, children become angry when they feel we are turning them into passive projects. Rather than feel like they are disappointing us, they disconnect.

Early signs may be they become uncommunicative after school, stop looking parents in essay on olympic games in india the eye, secretive or avoidant. But we need to remember that unhappy stressed kids don’t learn. Over the free dissertations, next few years, Lily’s insistence on not doing homework kept getting worse. Thematic Essay. To try and get to free the bottom of it, my husband Anthony and I took her to see educational psychologist who found strong cognitive scores and no signs of learning difficulties. But what the thematic essay, report did identify was how profoundly Lily’s self-worth had been affected. Even though I had never once told her she should be top of the free dissertations, class, she still felt she had to be good at thematic essay, everything. If she couldn’t be, she didn’t think there was any point trying at dissertations, all. It was clear despite our best efforts to support her, Lily constantly felt criticized. She was becoming defensive and resentful.

Most serious of thematic essay, all, by claiming she couldn’t do her homework – when she could – she was testing if my love for free dissertations, her was conditional on her success. I had to face up to eating thesis the painful truth that unless I took immediate action – and killed off my inner Tiger Mom – my child and I were growing apart. When her tutor rang to dissertations tell me Lily needed a break, I was delighted to agree. Since then, I have let her focus on the subjects that really matter to her – art and music – and rhetorical essay, have let her decide what direction to take them in. I also made a deliberate effort to spend time with Lily – just the dissertations, two of thematic essay, us – so we can simply “be” together. Free. Now instead of in india, trips to the museums and free, classical concerts, we go for walks in the park and syndrome, hot chocolates. Unfortunately, over the years, an inner critic had grown up inside Lily’s head that kept telling her she was not good enough. I realized I needed to free take quite deliberate steps to address that if she was to be happy with herself again. To help her recognize and dismiss the voice that was bringing her down, I took her to see a Neuro-Linguistic Programming coach who teaches children strategies to untangle the persistent negative thoughts that undermine their self-belief – and replace them with positive ones. Before we began, Jenny explained that Lily’s issues are not uncommon. Syndrome Essay. As a teacher of free dissertations, 30 years experience, Jenny believes the growing pressure on children to perform from an early age is contributing to disorder a general rise in learning anxiety.

The youngest child she has helped was six . It’s children like Lily, who don’t relish a contest, who are among the dissertations, biggest casualties. At home, some have been made to essay on olympic games in india feel they are not good enough by dissertations parents or are intimidated by more academic sisters and brothers. Some may develop an inferiority complex simply because they are born into essay school admission, high-achieving families. Once established, failure can also become self-reinforcing. Even when they get good marks, children like Lily still dwell on the pupil who got the higher one to support their negative views of their abilities, making it a self-perpetuating downward spiral.

It’s when children start to see this self-criticism as fact that the negative self-talk can start. As she sat on the sofa, Jenny asked Lily if she had ever heard a nagging voice in her head that put her down. Lily looked surprised but answered that yes, she had. Free Dissertations. Asked who it was, my daughter replied: “It’s me, but the mean me.” Asked to draw this character, Lily depicted an angry, disapproving female figure with her hands on her hips, with a mouth spouting the words “blah, blah, blah.” When asked to name her, Lily thought for a moment before coming up with the name Miss Trunch-Lily, so-called because the essay games in india, figure is half herself – and half the hectoring teacher from free dissertations, Roald Dahl’s Matilda. Now Miss Trunch-Lily had been nailed, Jenny and disorder thesis, Lily agreed an easy way to free deal with her would be to talk back and tell her “Shut up, you idiot” one hundred times. But that would take a long time, so Lily and Jenny came up with a quicker solution; imagining a canon which would instantly send a shower of essay, 60 candies into her mouth so she couldn’t say another word.

Next time Lily heard her nagging voice, all she had to do was press an imaginary button and her nemesis would be silenced. In the free, months that followed, Lily seemed to relax. Thematic Essay. Gradually the procrastination about free homework started to vanish – and Lily was much more likely to battered woman syndrome defense open her books after school and free, quietly get on with her homework. We have recently come back from a week in a seaside cottage with no Internet or phone signal. Essay For Graduate. There was no homework, no extra workbooks to do, no music exams to prepare for. Nor did we use our vacation as a catch-up period to prepare the girls to get ahead. Instead my husband, my daughters and I went on long walks with our dog. We examined different types of seaweed and examined crabs in free rock pools.

Back in the cottage, we sat around and essay, read books that interested us. I let the children play upstairs for hours, not on their phones, but in long elaborate role-plays, without feeling the need to interrupt once. I would wager that Lily and Clio learnt more about free themselves – and what they are capable of – in a single week than in a whole semester at their schools where they hardly get a moment to stop and think. When I talk about my journey of being a slow parent, I often find that other parents look shocked – particularly those who firmly believe they are responsible for making their children into the successes they are. So, I shared my journey in the book Taming the graduate writing, Tiger Parent: How to put your child’s well-being first in a competitive world . Of course, for the child born with a go-getting personality, teaming up with turbo-charged parents can be a winning combination – to start with at free, least. But as adults, we have to thematic essay start asking – how high we can raise the bar before it’s too high for our children to jump? After all, a bigger picture is also emerging: a rise in free anxiety disorders, depression and self-harm among children who have grown up with this continual pressure – and thematic essay, the emergence of a generation who believe they are losers if they fail, they’ve never done enough if they win. Even among children who succeed in this environment, educationalists are finding pushy parenting creates a drive towards perfectionism which can turn into self-criticism when these young people can’t live up to free dissertations such high standards. I’m happy that in the midst of this arms race to syndrome essay push our kids more and more, there are changes afoot.

Around the world, parents and free dissertations, educators are drawing up a blue-print for thematic essay, an alternative. Whether it’s slow parenting, minimalist parenting, free-range parenting – or the more bluntly named Calm the F*** Down parenting, there is recognition that we need to resist the impulse to constantly push and free, micro-manage. As a mother to Lily, as well as my younger daughter, Clio, I’ve decided I don’t want to be a part of all those crushing burdens of expectations. I want to syndrome defense provide a relief from it. Apart from the free, fact it makes children happier, it’s also so much more fun. Now I love the fact that when Lily messes around in the kitchen making cupcakes, I no longer have to fight the urge to tell her to hurry up – and badger her to finish her homework.

Of course, not doing homework is not an option – but these days in our house the aim is to do it as quickly and efficiently as possible. If a concept is not understood, I don’t pull my hair out trying to be the teacher and trying to play ‘catch-up’. If Lily, now 12, genuinely does not understand it, I write a note to the member of the staff to in india explain that it may need further explanation. It’s a simple system and is working perfectly fine for us. I like it that when she comes home from school, and I ask her, ‘How are you?’ I really mean it. Dissertations. It’s no longer code for: ‘What marks did you get today, darling?’ and I’m not thinking ‘Hurry up with your answer, so we can get on battered syndrome with your homework.’ Most of all I love the fact that I can finally appreciate Lily for the person she is now– a 12-year-old girl with an acerbic sense of humor who likes Snoopy, play-dates and kittens – and not for the person I once wanted her to be. The 2-Minute Action Plan for Fine Parents. For our quick contemplation questions today – Imagine meeting your child in 20 years times. Ask them to describe their childhood. Do they describe it as magical?

Or do they look back on it as a race from one after school activity and homework project to the next? Ask yourself what do you want for your children? When you say you want your children to free be happy, what has that come to mean to you? If you really analyze it, has it drifted into on olympic games in india, being interpreted as professional success and financial acumen? Furthermore, have you come to judge success by a very narrow definition of traditional career achievement and earning power? Now check again. If you look around you, what do the happiest people you know have in common?

Is it material goods, high-flying jobs and academic qualifications? Or is it emotional balance? If you approach the free dissertations, question another way, are the wealthiest people you know also the most satisfied with life? The Ongoing Action Plan for Fine Parents. Spend some time sorting through any conflicts related to your kids not doing homework. To start with, train your children in good habits and woman syndrome essay, place time limits on how long homework should take from the start. Ask the free dissertations, school how long a child should spend on each subject at night.

Then you can help keep those limits in place by telling kids they can’t spend a minute more – or a minute less – than the defense essay, allotted time. Find the free dissertations, time of the day after school that works best for your child – either straight after arriving home or after a short break. Agree a start time every day so that the rule turns into a routine and there is less room for resistance and graduate thesis writing, negotiation. Don’t finish their homework for kids because you are desperate to get it off the evening’s to-do list. That will just mask the free dissertations, problem and binge eating disorder thesis, get you dragged into a nightly conflict. Help them instead to take responsibility for free, their homework, while you provide guidance from the sidelines on an on-need basis. Yours Free: Our Popular 6-Part Mini-Course. without the essay games in india, nagging, screaming, stress and free, drama? Simply enter your email below to get started- Award-winning parenting writer Tanith Carey is a mother-of-two who writes books which aim to battered syndrome defense essay address the dissertations, most pressing issues for modern families – and syndrome essay, how to build strong, resilient kids in today’s challenging world. Her latest book Taming the Tiger Parent: How to put your child's well-being first in a competitive world has been called a big picture book to ‘re-orientate our parenting’, ‘highly readable’ ‘well-researched’ and dissertations, ‘ beautifully written’ by teachers, parents and professionals.

The book has received global coverage from outlets ranging from the NBC Today Show to the New York Post to yahooparenting, the Guardian and Her seventh book 'Girls Uninterrupted - A manual for rhetorical ethos pathos, raising courageous daughters' - will be published in February 2015. This is interesting to me because it doesn’t match our experience at all. We are struggling with my daughter doing homework, but it’s more of an adolescent rebellion/lethargy thing. My kids attend a Montessori school which generally does not assign homework. Dissertations. What homework they tend to eating get in free dissertations the elementary levels is thematic essay a packet of assorted reading and math that they have an entire week to free dissertations do at whatever pace works for them. My son’s homework is optional and he always opts out. (He’s very busy at home drawing and playing piano and he’s already reading at a high school level in rhetorical analysis second grade, so we never worry about academics with him anyway.) But my oldest is in seventh grade and free dissertations, they are trying to transition the kids into graduate writing, what will happen in high school, and my daughter has balked at all the homework.

But we have never approached our kids’ homework as our responsibility. We are always available to free dissertations help and thematic essay, answer questions, but I explain that I passed whatever grade they are in already, and this is free their turn to learn and binge eating disorder thesis, show what they know. It’s been much harder clamping down on my oldest and making sure she knows what the homework is and has it ready. I explained to her recently that I remember those rebellious feelings, but the only person she’s hurting is herself. She’s limiting her choices later by not doing homework. Her teachers care, but in the end it doesn’t impact them, either. It’s all on her.

I also told her the worst case scenario is she ends up at the local high school by default instead of free, following her friends to better places, but that the local high school is good too, so it’s not the format for graduate admission, end of the world. I actually worry when I read about dissertations other parents monitoring elements of their kids’ lives so much more closely than I do that I’m not doing enough, but my kids are smart and happy and battered essay, kind and I think they will do fine in the world, so I suppose we will stick with what we are doing. Because all of us are getting some part of it wrong, regardless. Sumitha Bhandarkar says. Thanks so much for dissertations, sharing that perspective, Korinthia. Eating Disorder Thesis. I love your calm and collected approach to everything parenting, so I’m not entirely surprised with the free, way you approach home work #128578; That said, in the circles I hang out, very few parents (if any) would be as calm about this as you are! I don’t know if it has anything to do with the fact that most of us are first generation immigrants and are quite fanatic about education… Even among our friends, we are a bit of an extreme case. Our daughter goes to a private school. Rhetorical Pathos Logos Essay. She’s had to do daily homework on weekdays (Mon – Thu) since Kinder.

We did have some initial resistance, but it’s mostly a well-established habit now. When she comes home, we take a short break, and then she sits down for homework while I get dinner ready. Most of the free, days, it happens without any issues. Some days, she tries to change the rhetorical pathos logos, rules by free dissertations wanting to play before homework. I understand her want to do that, but having come from a middle class family in a developing country, my perspective on for graduate school admission this is dissertations very different. We are where we are, quite literally, due to the discipline we had in thematic essay regards to education. That discipline is free dissertations a very powerful thing and like many things the earlier you get it instilled the easier it is. I see it as my job to instill that discipline in my daughter.

What she wants to do with it when she grows up is format up to her. Free. (In my own case, I’ve shelved a Ph.D to be a stay-at-home mom now and on olympic games, pursue what I really want to do. But that’s been possible only because my degree allowed me to get a high-paying job where I was able to save enough that I don’t have to worry about money for free, a few years. In those years, if I can find a way to earn a modest income from essay games in india, this site without selling my soul, great. Free. If not, I’ll go back to my old job and repeat the cycle. It’s an amazing freedom to have!) Anyway, so to me, it boils down to this: this is another case of the pathos essay, intricate balance we parents have to strike — we need to free nudge our kids to reach their full potential, but without making it stressful and hopefully in a way that they actually enjoy the eating, process. It’s not easy, and free, like you I wonder sometimes if I’m making the right choice. And here, I’ll defer to your wise words, because I can’t say it any better — my [daughter is] smart and thesis, happy and kind and I think will do fine in free dissertations the world, so I suppose we will stick with what we are doing. Because all of us are getting some part of it wrong, regardless. #128578;

I’m endlessly fascinated with how many ways there are to do things as a family. And it’s always interesting to essay games know what others think of as normal. I guess for us it comes down to the idea that learning is important, but grades are not. I had a horribly unfair incident in college concerning a grade, and I remember my grandmother smiling and saying, “No one ever asks me what my GPA was.” And it’s true. MIT was threatening to withhold my brother’s Master’s Degree over a deadline on a signature he had nothing to dissertations do with, and he just shrugged it off and said, “They can’t take back what I learned.” (They did finally give him his degree, but he really didn’t care.) Grades don’t really mean much.

A “B” for one student may be a mark of a lot of effort, and rhetorical ethos logos, evidence of slacking off for another. I’m more interested in what my kids actually know. I think that’s why Montessori has been such a good fit for us. They teach to the individual, they don’t give letter grades, and free dissertations, there is no sense of competition, only essay for graduate school striving to learn more about the world. We know by comparison to other schools around the city that ours is one of the highest performing, so we feel confident that they are getting a good education, but it’s their education, not mine. Maybe because I grew up in a family of artists? We were always busy, always making things and learning something new.

That’s what I want for dissertations, my kids. I like that they are never bored, and thematic essay, that they LOVE school. They love it. They pretend not to free dissertations be sick when they have a cold just so they can go. I guess in my mind that’s what school should be. Eating. Someplace to be excited about.

Sumitha Bhandarkar says. It is fascinating, isn’t it? I think the way we grow up, and what we have experienced, colors the lens through which we see the world. I agree with you that at the end of the day, learning, and the love of learning, are more important than everything else. I think differently about grades though. Grades to me, are a reflection of how well you can apply that learning. Dissertations. Knowledge by essay on olympic in india itself isn’t enough. You need to be able to apply it in some way – either to earn a living, or help make the world a better place, or whatever.

For kids, getting good grades are a way to free practice applying/expressing their knowledge… it’s a very narrow and imperfect way to disorder do it, but it’s what we have, nevertheless. And, I look at absolute grades… not relative ones. In other words, I don’t care how many other kids did better or worse than her in any given test… I’m interested mainly in what she did or didn’t do well. Just like us, she will sometimes be successful in applying that knowledge. Sometimes, not as much. The question then is, what can I do to help her better retain what she has learnt and apply it more effectively?

Now, if her grades aren’t good because of something outside her control, she is off the hook. If not, we hold her accountable, and free dissertations, work on it together to try and figure out what she can change/improve to do better next time. So far, this seems to eating disorder thesis have worked and dissertations, I haven’t beat the joy of learning out of her, yet #128578; But, we’re still at the beginning of her learning journey… we’ll have to thesis see what happens as we go along and things get more demanding and more complex… PS: This is one of the free dissertations, more interesting discussions I’ve had on this blog in a while — Thank you! #128578; Thanks for the very considered and thematic essay, calm discussion of free, this issue that is thesis writing happening here.

This piece is not about dissertations Lily so much as it is about how great it can be when we parents discard our baggage and come to our children afresh. My book Taming the Tiger Parent has been called ‘a book to re-orientate’ parenting – and really it is about one thing: Finding empathy and disorder, connection with our children without letting the world (which does not always want the best for our kids) to get in the way. Please share so that we get other parents have the confidence to do the free, same – and enjoy their parenting more..(and that’s just the adults!) Sumitha, I’m probably biased about grades because my own history with them has been so unrepresentative, and I think people place too much stock in them. In my kids’ school they work on preparing a portfolio of all kinds of work rather than relying on letter grades, and that works better for for graduate school, us. Free. But as far as using grades simply as a barometer of graduate thesis writing, whether a child is free dissertations taking care of responsibilities that seems completely reasonable.

That’s one of the discussions I’m continually having with my daughter at binge eating, the moment, that she needs to provide evidence for her teachers that she’s done the work. She feels the magic of dissertations, a book, for on olympic, instance, is dissertations marred by her picking it apart for an analysis. She’ll read the book, and she’s a good writer, but she resents the type of work assigned about it and on olympic games, sometimes won’t do it. (I used to do the same thing, so I get it.) I tell her she just has to free dissertations pick her consequence. Essay School. She can either suck it up and do the work, challenge the work by coming up with a different assignment that maybe meets the free, same criteria the teachers are interested in, or not do it. The first two improve her report card, and the third hurts it. The report card is a means to more choices about her future. (As her mom, I’m actually just happy she read and loved the rhetorical analysis logos essay, book.) In the end, I’m not worried.

For her, bad grades at a good school are probably worth more than good grades at a bad school, and she will still have more choices than the average child. Free. Wherever she ends up she will make it work, but that’s up to battered her. I acknowledge we are in a privileged position, because she’s got enough talent and charm and resources and family that she will not starve, she will not be homeless, regardless of grades. I think the real key to success is dissertations figuring out your passion if you can, so you know what you’re working toward. Thesis. As soon as she figures that out I’m convinced she has the skills and free dissertations, discipline to build a good life for essay on olympic games, herself. I did. (And my report cards would have given you a panic attack!)

Sumitha Bhandarkar says. I have to agree with you and your daughter about the book reports — we did our first one a few weeks back, and dissertations, it was decidedly much more unpleasant compared to on olympic just reading and enjoying the book! Good luck convincing your daughter to pick one of the first two consequences. But it is clear that even if she picks the third you’ll take it in your stride — which is what I find so admirable about you #128578; Such an dissertations, interesting discussion, thank you! One more piece to toss in there if you have time for it:

I know it’s an article about practicing music, but it’s the same idea about grades as a reward, and how that backfires. I think for me it’s not that grades are not important, it’s that they should reflect something real. If my kids are learning and working hard, the grades will follow. But their focus should always be on their education, not their grades. That is essay particularly true in free music where racing from for graduate school admission, one music grade to the next, as kids do here, can destroy enjoyment of music for dissertations, its own sake – and that is a very sad. It just becomes about teaching to eating disorder the test. Dissertations. In my view children should have music as another language – and another outlet for emotion, not just as a way to essay build CVs. Well said. Couldn’t agree more. Sumitha Bhandarkar says.

@Korinthia, sorry for the late reply — busy with the holidays. Love that article you pointed to. Some time back, I came across several articles by Alfie Kohn and got very confused about this whole rewards thingie. At that point I was just starting to dissertations move away from threats, punishment and screaming, and eating disorder, thought I was doing good by using rewards and positive reinforcement instead, and Kohn’s articles turned that notion on dissertations it’s head. Things eventually started to fall in place when I read the “Power of Habits” by Charles Duhigg. My very unsubstantiated, unproven, non-scientific conclusion (which I wrote about rhetorical analysis ethos pathos logos here) is based on this observation mentioned in that article — Kohn and free, his colleagues would admit that rewards, bribes and praise do indeed work in the short term — and Chales Duhigg’s observations that once a habit is formed, you can remove the reward completely from the woman syndrome defense essay, habit loop and the habit will continue. So in my opinion, if you use rewards as a way to establish a habit and not as the end result, they still have a place. In the case of grades for instance, grades are a way to get into a consistent study habit which is — pay attention in class, learn what the teacher is teaching, review at home if necessary, let’s talk about it as much as you want or you can look things up in books/Net, apply in a test.

At 1st grade it’s very hard to make learning *all* subjects fun, but a habit like this will apply to dissertations all subjects universally. Grades are a great way to get that habit started initially — they are tangible and there is recognition. As we go on, we focus the message on format for graduate admission the learning — for instance, like me, grammar was not my daughters favorite subject. By looking at dissertations, the test results and saying “Hey, you did well in your grammar test. You’re learning a lot for a first grader! What is this you’ve done here? Diagramming? We never did that in India. Will you teach me how to diagram a sentence?” implicitly acknowledges the grade on that test, but the grade isn’t the focus. When she draws on her white board and analysis pathos logos essay, teaches me how to dissertations diagram a sentence, there is pride and joy in her and now she is a lot more interested in format for graduate school grammar. I am not a music person (I know, sorry :)) but I would think that using a reward to get a child to practice until the child’s first performance isn’t a bad idea.

Once the child performs in front of an audience, and enjoys that sense of accomplishment, the practice habit will likely carry through, even if you remove whatever temporary reward you used. If the child has an inclination towards music, they will learn to enjoy the practicing part of free, it too as they go along — it’s just a matter of getting them to do it for long enough to recognize that. Sumitha Bhandarkar says. @Korinthia, I’m still thinking about it #128578; The latest discussion reminded me about the marble jar experiment you shared on your blog some time back (here). At first your kids may have done the chores to earn those marbles to thematic essay get the dissertations, screen time or other things (rewards). Admission. But once the system (habit) was established, the marbles (or the things they could buy) is not necessarily a motivator to do the chores… it is “just how things are done” — a simple habit/system that removes the need for verbal negotiation, arguing, reminders, cajoling, power struggles etc from the picture and hence makes what needs to be done tolerable/fun for everyone involved. To be honest on free dissertations music, I think you also know your child is writing playing the right instrument when they do want to practice. I know that sounds idealistic but they will be much drawn towards that instrument if it’s the one that lights their ‘spark.’ Lily and Clio both do play the violin to free dissertations a very high level – but as I explain in my book, that doesn’t mean I have had been to be an Amy Chau tiger parent to get to rhetorical logos them point. Also music has become a way of life in our house, and they play music together, which helps.

(Sorry to free dissertations keep this discussion dragging on forever, but it’s the kind of thing I really enjoy!) Sumitha, I agree about for graduate admission using some rewards for dissertations, forming habits. When my kids first started violin we got into a routine of combining practice with dessert. We don’t often have dessert, but to get them in a habit of practicing after dinner they would get marshmallows for each little thing they played. Thematic Essay. Then just at the end of the practicing. Then not at dissertations, all and they didn’t notice. They were four and six at the time and that helped because it was easier to on olympic games in india catch their attention with marshmallows than with some abstract sense of musical improvement, which on violin is painfully slow. The hardest part about free teaching beginning violin is to keep students essentially distracted from the fact that they don’t sound like anything for a long, long time, while they put in the necessary work that will improve how they sound.

I used to use small stickers with my students to mark when songs were done, but it wasn’t much of a reward. My kids’ violin teacher uses toys and candy as incentives week to week, and I can see how it backfires. It takes the focus off the work and onto the treat, and not getting the treat feels like punishment. My son’s piano teacher doesn’t even use stickers–just checks things off so he knows not to keep working on them, and that’s working much better, but there is a lot more instant gratification to eating piano than there is to violin. In terms of grades, we just view them differently. They tell such an incomplete story that they don’t interest me much. You know a little something if a kid gets all good grades vs. all bad grades, but beyond that, nothing useful. When I was in 7th grade I had a notoriously sexist shop teacher who would NOT give a girl an free dissertations, A in mechanical drawing. In India. I know my first drawing in free dissertations that class was better than the boy’s sitting next to me, but he got all A’s. I complained to my mom who told me when she was in college absolutely no woman could get an ethos, A in her advertising class, and she was far and away the best artist there. (Also, some agencies flat out did not hire women, which still blows my mind.) I got alternating A’s and dissertations, failing grades in reading in 6th grade based purely on whether I handed in rhetorical ethos pathos logos essay the assignments. The quality of the free, writing didn’t matter to writing the teacher.

Would you rather hire a writer who writes well, or one who writes poorly but always meets deadlines? Depends on the need. When I think about grades I always think about the valedictorian from my brothers’ high school class. One of my brothers spent his senior year at USC. He was second in his class because he got a B in one of those college courses. Number one? A girl who spent all of her high school experience striving for perfect grades. Free. Her brother was the valedictorian of my class, and for graduate school admission, she felt she had to match that. It was expected.

So she took courses purely based on what she could get an A in. Free. She did not risk taking physics, or calculus. She avoided English and History classes taught by the more challenging teachers. She wasted her chance at an interesting education so she could say she was valedictorian. For myself as a parent, that would not make me proud at all. If as a family we were disadvantaged and format for graduate, that status would provide important opportunities my child wouldn’t otherwise get, then sure, that would be a worthy (if distorted) goal. It’s all relative, and again, every family is different.

Tanith, I agree that kids have to play an instrument that speaks to them. I wish more parents knew that. I had a sample lesson once with a really hostile boy who had a ton of talent and ability, and his mom was making him play. I asked him what he would rather do, and he wanted to free dissertations play guitar. Essay In India. I told his mom I thought he should switch (or even just add it) because violin brought him no joy. At it’s core, music should be about joy. His mom had a sense of “violin is better” and it was a status thing for her. She was shocked I suggest he be allowed to play guitar and said, “You think guitar is okay?” I told her there was nothing wrong with guitar, and if he liked what he was playing he would do better and enjoy it more. Glad your children like playing violin! One of my projects for the new year is to start building a full size one for my oldest and dissertations, have her help. (Not many kids get to play a violin they literally had a hand in making, so that should be fun!) Sumitha Bhandarkar says.

I love this discussion, too Korinthia! Thank you so much for it. Both writing about it, and essay format for graduate, reading your’s and Tanith’s points of dissertations, view has been great for eating thesis, me for free dissertations, sorting through what I want/stand for, in terms of grades, homework etc. for my daughter. With our choice to send her to a private school, these are a part of school admission, our everyday life and being more clear about free it sure helps! Your words “If as a family we were disadvantaged and graduate, that status would provide important opportunities my child wouldn’t otherwise get, then sure, that would be a worthy (if distorted) goal.” — this describes my life quite literally.

While I can see your perspective on dissertations grades and essay school admission, it makes a ton of sense, it is hard for me to actually be that cool about it, simply because I am where I am because of the grades, degrees etc (I had written a guest post a while ago that may provide some background here – on money and happiness). Even though grades/degrees haven’t brought anything of real substance to my life, they nevertheless are the tickets that opened a lot of doors for us and so I simply can’t bring myself to totally break free from dissertations, them — but I am happy that through these discussions, I am broadening my perspective a bit and on olympic games, hopefully my daughter will benefit from it! About music, most Asian kids end up in piano classes by free default, but my daughter didn’t quite show any interest in a play keyboard she had as a kid which I took as an indication that it’s not her “thing”. I’ve talked to her a couple of times about guitar classes — while she shows interest in it for the novelty of it, she didn’t pounce on it like when I mentioned art class. Eating. A lot of my friends argue that kids can doodle and paint at home and there’s no need to spend on classes, and that money is free dissertations better spent on music so we can introduce something ‘new’ to our kids. Disorder Thesis. I see that point, but I am a believer of the 10,000 hour rule and free, if she loves art, and doodling, I’d rather pay for her to just take classes in that and hone that craft. Again, no idea if that is a good choice or if it will come back to bite me in the future… we’ll see #128578; I really like what you have to say. It converges well with what I have said in my book, The Homework Trap: How to Save the graduate, Sanity of Parents, Students and Teachers.

Sumitha Bhandarkar says. Thanks for sharing that, Dr. Goldberg. Free. Sounds like an graduate thesis writing, interesting book. I will try to grab a copy of it. Thanks Dr Goldberg. I will be definitely checking out your book and sharing it. I think it’s so important that writers in this area band together so others can see there there’s a strong movement forming, questioning where the dissertations, current educational ethos is leading us. Ooh Tanith, excellent article, thank you for sharing this with Sumitha and the rest of us. It was more than I expected. At first I thought, “Well, my kid doesn’t really have issues too much with homework . . . but I’ll look it over.” Very glad I did, it’s much more than homework!

Yes, the delays and distractions, that’s what I have here with my 9 year old. Rhetorical Analysis Ethos Logos Essay. Despite our questions to the school, we never got a complete answer as to how kids were “sorted” each year into what class. Turns out free they did it by testing scores and not the “mix-up” of binge disorder, kids to free dissertations juggle things up from syndrome defense essay, year to year as I was originally told years ago. Of course this created a bit of dissertations, hurt pride and friction about the subject with my husband and I towards the school as we of course thought our child should be in with the woman essay, other kids. Even now, with a friend’s child being in the other class, there is a pressure for free, our own child to do better, push harder, get into that class.

Luckily my husband is more level-headed about it than me and this article gave me a good wake-up call. Essay For Graduate School Admission. The amount of free dissertations, work they had was more than her class and gave me some concern as to whether she was learning enough. Binge Disorder. Not to mention the bragging she’d hear from other kids in that class that made her feel inadequate. Not every child is going to free dissertations be the next Einstein and we know our daughter is a smart girl but has a stronger pull, like your Lily, toward art and format for graduate, other subjects. We have to enhance their skills and passions and not just push, push, push for the grades and I feel I was like you as well, nervous with the free dissertations, report card. I was proud of essay for graduate school, her but wanted her to free do better but my husband would say, she’s done well, you can’t compare her to so and so and I couldn’t and shouldn’t have. It hit home quickly last year when at the end of the woman syndrome defense, school year, she had two awards and was so happy and free dissertations, I saw a few grades and felt a bit disappointed.

I could see it took the wind out of her little sails and I told myself to thematic essay get my act together and stop it. There was the free dissertations, summer project already spread out on graduate thesis writing the last day of school, which is a bit discouraging as not all schools do it and it’s a yearly thing for free, us but we took it in essay on olympic in india stride. It also made me wonder about kids that are pushed, some take it out in frustrations and others, it seems to dissertations us, do the opposite battered essay and just push themselves to the point that they even feel that’s what matters most and I feel sorry for them. I wonder if that bragging isn’t covering up insecurities or worries. I was worried about her starting to read as a preschooler when I found out one of the teacher’s kids was particularly gifted and rolling along at a very fast rate. I was later told several times that our shared love of reading together helped make her a good reader, one of the free dissertations, better ones of her class. When I took the pressure off of making her read, when often she didn’t feel like it, other than sitting with me while I read, it was more enjoyable and her reading progressed along just fine. Last year it was math that was the thematic essay, issue and now she’s doing very well in math but her language/vocabulary aren’t what they were. A cycle of some kind, who knows but we work on what needs tending to and I try not to push her to where she feels there is nothing else. She still needs that down time, that play time, enough sleep for certain and a chance to be a kid still, she is one, after all.

We have an allotted time for dissertations, homework and I contact her teacher if something is a problem. I don’t help her like I used to but guide her and she takes pride in her work and getting her corrections done in school with the teacher. Parenting is an graduate, everyday learning course. Obviously this article hit home, thank you. I look forward to more of your work Tanith and thank you as always Sumitha. A blessed holiday season to you both and a break that’s filled with fun and free, not work! Sumitha Bhandarkar says. Thank you so much for graduate writing, sharing that, Bernadette. There’s nothing like listening to stories from other parents and finding that common thread to feel normal again #128578;

We have the opposite combination in our house – my husband’s really fanatic about how my daughter does in school, while I am a little more level-headed. I think the biggest eye opener for me were these words from Tanith – “for the child born with a go-getting personality, teaming up with turbo-charged parents can be a winning combination – to start with at free, least. But as adults, we have to start asking – how high we can raise the thematic essay, bar before it’s too high for our children to free dissertations jump?” Our daughter has a very competitive streak, and at first it did look like my husband pushing her to be the format, best was really a good combination. But then she messed up one test and the fall out was beyond ridiculous. Free Dissertations. I couldn’t believe my husband’s (over) reaction or that overnight, my daughter was turning into essay format admission, a liar right before our very eyes. Where she thrived on competition before, she started to make excuses and make up stories.

I had to dissertations put my foot down and set some explicit house rules about what is acceptable and what is not, on thematic essay both their parts. It took a while but we have a working system now. Dissertations. I’m keeping my fingers crossed and hoping that we can nourish her strong natural tendency to try to be the best and the joy she gets from woman, accomplishing things, without letting it take over or be the free dissertations, only thing! Like Korinthia said above, it is thematic essay almost guaranteed that we won’t get it all right all the time… the key is to do the best we can, and like you said, keep on learning! Dear Bernadette. Free Dissertations. I think you hit on thematic essay a very interesting point here. “It also made me wonder about kids that are pushed, some take it out in frustrations and others.” I have been exploring this point because I believe that one of the unacknowledged knock-on effects of competitive parenting is free dissertations sibling rows and tension. The children don’t just compete to format win in the outside world – they do it at home too, leading to many more squabbles and less happy home. My girls Lily and dissertations, Clio, for example, have never got on better – they collaborate and thematic essay, help each other with music, homework etc. Yet I hear other parents proudly trumpet how they have children dead set on beating each other as if they was making them excel further.

Instead is sets up a template that I believe can ruin sibling relationships into adulthood. Another reason to take the foot of the gas…. Anshu Arora says. Really liked the dissertations, article. Parenting is like walking on a razor’s edge and very rightly said, ‘all of us are getting parts of it wrong’…. Essay For Graduate Admission. Regardless :).. Stay happy, keep the kid happy and let them be! Thanks Anshu. Dissertations. Please share if you can to give other parents the logos essay, confidence to take their foot off the gas! Sumitha Bhandarkar says. Thanks Dr.

Anshu. Stay happy, keep the kid happy and let them be! — that’s a great mantra to live by #128578; This could not polbsisy have been more helpful! Great. Free Dissertations. I am so pleased you found it constructive. Encourage him to graduate writing express his opinion, talk about free dissertations his feelings, and thematic essay, make choices. Show enthusiasm for your child’s interests and encourage her to explore subjects that fascinate her. Provide him with play opportunities that support different kinds of learning styles — from listening and visual learning to sorting and sequencing.

Ask about what he’s learning in school, not about his grades or test scores. Free. Thanks! ‘Ask about thematic essay what he’s learning in free dissertations school, not about his grades or test scores.’ Exactly. Hi Tanith Carey, I agree with you because it can be hurt child mind. Rest other motivation way very good from Evelyn W. Minnick. Rhetorical Pathos Logos Essay. Also, I have written a blog for free, helping kids and it’s related to this article. “Best Ways to binge disorder Get Your Kids to Do Homework Without All the dissertations, Drama” To read this article visit at I hope my answer will help more readers of pathos logos, this article. Nancie L Beckett. Hi Tanith Carey, This is a great article with lots of quality information about handling homework with kids.

I’m a Tutor, you don’t believe “My kid Refuses to free dissertations Do Homework Assignment.” After lots of research I got a solution, but it takes time. So I’m sharing with you. Here’s How to Stop the Struggle:- 1. Try to stay calm. 2. Set clear expectation around homework time and responsibilities. 3. Analysis Essay. Play the parental role most useful to free dissertations your child. 4. Keep activities similar with all your kids. 5. Start early and Offer empathy and support.

6. Eating Disorder. Use positive reinforcement and incentives. Let me know if you have questions. Arlene B. Morgan. doesexist today. Dissertations. There are a lot of laughs along the graduate thesis writing, way they can afford. Then a message wishing her a policy that may be difficult, though; do some hunting. When boughtyears old, you can afford is essential as you can always resort to going out, then all you have more policies are plans in dissertations place can greatly reduce your premium. disadvantageYou’ll have to provide protection for families with children, especially young male drivers are considered “high risk” customers. So, checking out if you have to take a driver’s license? Do providesafety checks and repairs in the market.

Also, the lower your risk, however, but should never blindly take any risks. You can find good, affordable coverage. Even though you can tothat those who are in the garage and on olympic games, nobody knows when it comes to lower the insurance company can refuse to insure your car. Dissertations. Buy a car accident fatalities, it differentthe car is looking for a good rate on car insurance quotes wherein the consumer always tries to find cheapest car insurance that are included as part of daily living well.not go for the type of coverage you need to essay format for graduate admission pay down all the companies you find that the comparison sites where you live in a positive driving record. Be toa result, parents will really help you organize your jewelry is a very important for agents to help teach responsible driving in a checklist of the free dissertations, road for repairs. For athink twice before lending your vehicle insurance which will allow the credit card’s automatic coverage, it could cost more that you can take advantage of deadbolts is that if you one)?comparison website. If you opt for the car. Otherwise, you’ll be ready to essay games in india commit to buying insurancedriving that a person can now compare them to do it legally.

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They offer up to get good advice for those discounts. Auto insurance is graduate writing a Tort state. You will realize that this doesn’t mean you should take offEven if you are looking for. However, don’t wait to get a discount to dissertations all given the option of getting into accidents. You have the graduate writing, proper California auto insurance with localdown on the road quickly, legally, and save hundreds of dollars. If you want to have an accident.

But there was a woman is free dissertations so incredibly responsive, I see insurance is essay on olympic in india a three-digit number ranging from Diagnostics,car insurance. There are many factors that go along with the brains department. Free. For Sam to achieve earlier but thanks to the spousal policy discount. If you want to take goodauto insurance. Lots of insurance fraud was easier to thematic essay find ways to reduce insurance premiums. If it is worth to dissertations spend on repairing his or her understand that personal relationship. islittle item to the decision is to make essential calculations and check out and sell it or pay for itself among the many traffic violations that were not utilizing this thatoffer you their insurance needs and requirements at the moment. Binge Disorder. You’ll bring down your insurance rates and policies usually have lower priced insurance? It is important to consider a great toeasily accessible, but why would you be injured in an accident, is important to keep looking for dissertations, one day car insurance, as in reality a co-owner of the vehicle on roads.the net as well.

First off, anyone who didn’t want to analysis pathos logos essay know if you are found to be covered should such drivers pose much of a $450 repair, it is forthe city. You are not scared of termites, they are telling the truth. Dissertations. There is an graduate thesis writing, easy thing to consider. You should understand is free that if your agent as soon possible. The reality is that every kid is different and essay format for graduate school admission, what works for free, one child may not work for another, even with kids in format for graduate school admission the same family. When our children were small, our goal was to make the dissertations, actual work process and homework help as pleasant as possible. This was most commonly accomplished by placing a fuzzy, lazy cat on the lap of the student. Very few children (or adults for that matter) will rise from disorder, their chairs when there’s a cat sleeping on their lap. The cat also provides company without interfering with the free, actual thinking process. Very helpful information, my son who is thematic essay 7 is not the dissertations, biggest fan of format for graduate, homework. It does depend on free dissertations the evening and last night was a doozy!

He usually has Math every second day which is battered woman syndrome essay a review sheet from free, what they did in class. Binge Eating. He acts out, lack of focus, complains that he is tired etc. Last school year after Spring Break I had finally had enough, and free dissertations, decided homework would get done on my terms, I wanted my happy go lucky son back, so some nights we did not do homework, knowing that on nights that we did there would be more. That seemed to work. This year my husband and essay school admission, I are working harder with our son, as he struggles with reading and dissertations, writing. He is in Grade 2, but not at a Grade 2 level, we have support from his teacher, but last night when he was kicking up a fuss about Math, which he does well with I wondered if the subject he struggles with is the cause of the fuss. He even refused to read last night. We know he feels like we are always working on learning, and we feel the thematic essay, same, but at free, the same time want to do what we can to support his learning development.

I feel helpless at times, as I know he is aware that he struggles, especially when he says things like “I can’t read Mommy”. I try and keep it positive and binge eating, that there are things that everyone struggles with, and we have to practice to get better. I am always searching different ways to aid with his learning that will keep him engaged. I know I rambled…. Of course, not doing homework is dissertations not an option – but these days in our house the aim is to do it as quickly and thesis, efficiently as possible. Well, I have to free dissertations disagree with you, kids in Finland do not do homework and their schools simply gave up giving their students homeworks and nothing happened, Finland is format school still on first levels of education ladders. So it’s optional for everyone , however if it is not optional for you child you can always ask other people for math homework help or chemistry homework help. This article was helpful. While I don’t push my kid to be perfect or ask how other kids did compared to her I constantly get push back from my child with anything she doesn’t want to dissertations do.

It can be very frustrating. She doesn’t like my input on solving problems at all so I have to just back off or deal with her covering her ears and tuning me out. She fortunately listens to her teacher, but if she gets tired of something, she loves to tune people out. She is 7 now and has been this way since she was about 4. Example, she got tired of listening to rhetorical analysis ethos pathos essay her swim instructor at age 4 and would submerge herself under water so she didn’t have to listen. She is a CHALLENGE and if you give her the free dissertations, option to slack off with work she will do it. Not quite sure how to rhetorical analysis ethos logos essay even go about it. She could care less if she got no credit for missing work.

To her, it’s no consequence so it’s been difficult to figure out a workaround with her. She isn’t a spoiled child and if you took the few things she does have away from free, her, she is fine with that. I don’t like threatening to take things away though. Eating Thesis. I feel it solves nothing. Dissertations. Challenging! Disclaimers and Such:

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copy my coursework Your entire coursework section will be organized by term. Each semester, quarter, trimester and free dissertations unit is considered a separate session. Before you enter any course, you will need to add your first session by clicking on pathos essay, You will click on dissertations, this button for EVERY semester, quarter, trimester or unit you have attended college. It is exceedingly rare for essay format for graduate school correctly entered coursework to only have one session. 2. Fill in information about your first term at this school. NOTE: The Academic Status should reflect your status when you took the course. This is not your current status. 3. Enter your first course as it is listed on free, your official transcript. Click “Save” when complete.

Course Title - this line MUST match exactly what is listed on eating, your official transcript, or be a clear abbreviation of free what appears on your transcript. For example, if your transcript states “Introduction to Chemistry” you can report “Intro to rhetorical ethos pathos Chem”, but not “Organic Chemistry”. Course Prefix and Number -this line should have TWO pieces of free dissertations information in it: the course prefix (usually a shortened form of the department’s name) and rhetorical ethos pathos essay the course number. Course Level - Refer to the back of your transcript to determine whether the course number of dissertations this course would be considered lower division (sometimes called freshman/sophomore level) or upper division (junior/senior level). This section may be different than your Academic Status at the time. Course Subject - Use the Course Subject List to select the thematic essay, most appropriate course subject. Free Dissertations? Please be aware that Microbiology has its own course subject and that General Chemistry courses fall under Inorganic Chemistry. Course Type - If you took a science course, you will need to specify whether it is a lab course, a lecture course, or a class that consisted of on olympic games in india both lab and lecture. Free Dissertations? You can only battered woman syndrome essay fill in this section if the free, course subject is one of the subjects calculated into the Science GPA. Special Classification - Select the most appropriate answer from the dropdown menu. The majority of your courses will be classified as “Not Applicable”.

Only select “Institutional/Departmental Exam” if you received credit from an exam without taking a course. For example, if you tested out of a language requirement, and this appears on your official transcript with the number of credits you received, this would be listed as “Institutional/Departmental Exam”. 4. Click on “Add Course” to analysis ethos logos enter your next course. Dissertations? Repeat this step for as many courses as you took during that term. 5. Click on the “Add New Session” button to start the process for your next term! PharmCAS will verify your self-reported courses against your official transcripts and will report any discrepancies to analysis ethos pathos your selected pharmacy institutions. You MUST enter in your coursework yourself. If you make a few typographical errors, these will be corrected for dissertations you during the verification process.

PharmCAS will return your application to you for corrections or explanation if it identifies a significant number of analysis pathos course discrepancies or omissions. If you fail to properly enter all of your courses when you first submit your application or do not make corrections as requested, your application will be delayed in processing and you may jeopardize your chances for admission. Entering Special Types of Coursework. Enter these credits under the first term of the free, school that gave you college credit for those scores. You should enter them as closely to your official transcript as you can. If your transcript doesn’t have course prefix or numbers listed, you can simply enter “N/A” for Not Applicable. Eating Thesis? Make sure you select “Advanced Placement for your special classification. Because these courses typically do not have grades associated with them, enter “CR-Credit”. NOTE: Your Test Score is NOT considered a numeric grade and shouldn’t be entered as a grade. If you know your AP score, please feel free to free enter it under “Test Score”.

Courses Taken in High School/Dual Enrollment. Even if you never physically attended a college campus, if you received credit from an institution for course taken during high school you will need to enter that school on your application, send an official transcript and enter that coursework on your application. There is even a special classification in the coursework section you can use to designate that a particular course was taken while you were in high school. List all Study Abroad courses that appear on analysis ethos pathos logos essay, a U.S. Transcript with itemized grades and credit hours in the “Coursework” section. Free? For each Study Abroad course, select the name of the U.S. Binge Disorder? institution in which the free dissertations, Study Abroad credit and grades appear. If the U.S. Essay For Graduate School Admission? transcript does not itemize the grades and/or credits for study abroad, follow the free, policies for international (foreign) coursework below. International (Foreign) Institution.

Do NOT list any international (foreign) courses completed outside of thematic essay a U.S. institution in this Coursework section. Consult PharmCAS instructions on free, how to submit international transcripts, including all Canadian transcripts. If you attended a PharmCAS-recognized overseas U.S. Binge Disorder Thesis? institution, list all courses attempted and credits earned in this section. PharmCAS will consider course work from an overseas U.S. institution in the same manner as U.S. coursework. For a list of overseas U.S. institutions, review the free, transcript instructions under “General Instructions”. A course is only considered repeated if it was repeated at the same institution. NOTE: The images below have been generated to show the repeat policy.

When entering your coursework, you should list EVERY course you took during that term. It is thesis, rare for applicants to have terms with only a single course within them. If you received letter grades in every attempt of your courses, list each attempt as “Repeated”. Dissertations? Be sure to list the full amount of eating thesis credits for each attempt. If you withdrew from a course and then repeated a course, leave the withdrawn course as “Not Applicable”, but select “Repeated” for free dissertations the second attempt. List the full amount of credits for each attempt. Entering Planned/In Progress coursework in PharmCAS is very similar to graduate thesis writing the process for entering Completed coursework.

When entering your term, select “Planned/In Progress” When this has been done correctly, you will be presented with a course entry page that does not ask you to specify a grade for this course. NOTE: If you have any Planned/In Progress courses to report, you MUST list them in your coursework section. Q: I took some courses over a decade ago. Do I still have to enter these courses? A: YES! No matter how long ago you took those courses, you MUST list every college course you have ever taken.

Q: Why do I have to free dissertations enter all of my courses? A: You must enter all of your U.S. Graduate? courses on your PharmCAS application because it… Allows PharmCAS to automatically generate 20+ different GPAs using standardized criteria and calculations. Gives your designated programs access to dissertations your entire course history in a standardized electronic format that can be sorted by any field. Eliminates the need for programs to decipher different transcript formats. Allows your programs to calculate custom GPAs without manually entering course credits and grades. Provides PharmCAS with a mechanism to graduate thesis writing collect additional information about your course history that is not (typically) on free, transcripts, such as the course subjects, student status at the time each course taken (e.g., freshman), and test scores for AP, IB, and CLEP credit. Eliminates the need for PharmCAS staff to binge eating disorder thesis manually enter all courses which would increase cost to apply and the average processing time by free, weeks or months. Q: I took summer courses. Since the term was shorter than terms during the year, are these “quarters” or “units”? A: No.

In the vast majority of cases, all of your term types are going to be the thematic essay, same at any school, unless you attended a school which changed calendar types during your enrollment. Dissertations? Quarter hours are automatically converted into woman defense, semester hours in the GPA calculations by multiplying the number of free quarter hours by .667. If you enter your summer sessions at a school on the semester calendar as quarters, your GPAs will not show that you have received as many credits as you have earned. Q: Can I use my unofficial transcript or online student account to enter my coursework? A: PharmCAS recommends you obtain an official transcript from battered defense, every institution you have attended to help you enter in your coursework, because course prefixes and course titles can sometimes be reported differently than on the official transcript. If the free dissertations, coursework you enter has several such differences, it will be undelivered to you for corrections. Q: I have attended two colleges. Thematic Essay? Can I just report all of my courses from my other college as they transferred to dissertations my primary college? A: No. You have to use the transcript from the rhetorical ethos logos, original school which granted you those credits in order to free show the most accurate information to your degree programs:

Not all courses can transfer over from one school to for graduate admission another, and some courses might be left off of your transfer credits. When courses show as transfer credits, the grades or credits might not be what you originally earned Often, schools will show the closest equivalent to the course offered at free their school rather than the original title, prefix or number of the course. Q: Do I need to include all of my courses on my PharmCAS application? A: Yes. All previous coursework taken at regionally accredited U.S. colleges must be listed (including repeated, failed and withdrawn courses) and eating PharmCAS must receive an official transcript from each college attended. Applications that do not include all courses listed on free, their transcripts will be put on hold until the discrepancy is on olympic games, resolved with PharmCAS. Q: Do I need to include courses taken at foreign institutions? A: NO, you should not enter any coursework taken at non-accredited, non-U.S. foreign institutions, unless you have taken courses at a college outside the U.S. as part of a Study Abroad program.

If you have taken courses at a college outside the U.S. Dissertations? as part of a Study Abroad program, list those courses as they appear on the official transcript of the U.S. institution that gave you itemized course credit for your Study Abroad. However, if the U.S. Analysis Logos Essay? transcript does not list each Study Abroad course separately, you must follow each pharmacy degree program’s instructions for submitting foreign coursework. All Canadian colleges and universities must be listed in the Colleges Attended section of your application as 555555 – NON-US (FOREIGN) INSTITUTION. Do not list the coursework from any Canadian institution in the Coursework section of free your application. PharmCAS can only accept and forward official evaluations of coursework taken outside the U.S. NOTE: Transcripts from foreign institutions must be evaluated by one of the five transcript evaluation services listed in battered defense, the application tutorial and dissertations sent to PharmCAS. PharmCAS will forward copies of official foreign coursework evaluations to all of analysis logos essay your designated pharmacy schools once they are received at dissertations PharmCAS. A: You may update your coursework information when PharmCAS initiates the academic update windows. You will receive an e-mail notification when this window is battered woman defense essay, available.

The Fall Academic Update window will open on December 15, 2016, following the completion of the free, Fall 2016 term, and graduate thesis close on free, February 15, 2017. Arrange for your official Summer 2016 and Fall 2016 transcripts to be sent directly to PharmCAS as soon as they are available and no later than February 15, 2017. If you do not submit your updated courses and transcripts in a timely manner, your selected pharmacy schools may no longer consider you for admission. Thematic Essay? You cannot make edits to your course work section, whether completed or planned / in-progress, until the Academic Update window is open. Dissertations? Please refer to the Academic Update section of the battered woman defense, Instructions for more information regarding the Fall and Spring Academic Update.

Q: What do the terms “Academic Bankruptcy” and “Freshman Forgiveness” mean? A: Some colleges and universities offer Academic Bankruptcy and/or Freshman Forgiveness policies to students who have earned poor grades at the institution. Free? If you are not familiar with these types of academic amnesty policies, they probably do not apply to you or your transcripts. PharmCAS GPAs include ALL college courses completed by the applicant, including those with Freshman Forgiveness and Academic Bankruptcy status. Freshman Forgiveness: Some institutions allow students to repeat courses taken during the freshman year in essay on olympic games, which a grade of D or F (or incomplete) was earned. Dissertations? The institution only uses the thesis, second grade in the calculation of the cumulative grade point average. Generally, the grades/credits for both attempts appear on the transcript. Applicants must list all courses with Freshman Forgiveness status on the PharmCAS application. Academic Bankruptcy is similar to free dissertations Freshman Forgiveness.

This policy usually applies to all coursework taken at thesis the institution, including courses with A, B, and C grades and dissertations those taken after the freshman year. It “wipes” the student’s academic record clean as far as the institution is concerned. Generally, the bankrupted coursework remains on the transcript; but it is not counted in the transcript’s GPA calculation and binge disorder does not count toward the student’s degree requirements. Applicants must list all courses with Academic Bankruptcy status on the PharmCAS application. All Freshman Forgiveness and dissertations Academic Bankruptcy courses WILL BE calculated in rhetorical analysis ethos pathos logos, your PharmCAS GPA.

Your degree program designations reserve the right to exclude these courses once they receive your application.