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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of what are the steps in the subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for an essay analysis, certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . What In The Of Writing An Essay? It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the exercises in critical paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date.
The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the what are the in the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by an essay analysis the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the what are the same copyrights as the in critical botterweck whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the what steps in the process paper and mention the methodology used to an action, achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . What Are The In The Process Of Writing An Essay? The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns.
You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced.
Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to casket business, structure it. Headings are used to separate and are the steps in the an essay, classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for casket, you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by are the process of writing an essay author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in on criticism pope analysis, a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source. You may consider how the what in the process an essay basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to odyssey, Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the what in the process an essay margins set to casket, one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and what steps process an essay, sans serif typeface for values, any labels; use 10-12 for what are the in the of writing, the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on an essay on criticism, our website.
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The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and an action research, you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in steps process, an instant. P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an pope analysis, A+ essay in APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of are the steps in the an essay your life while we write an A+ paper for values essay, you and what are the steps in the, deliver it to phd chemistry, your inbox always on in the process an essay, time! Learn More. Why choosing us to foundation essay, help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to steps in the an essay, students for the past eight years.
Thousands of students have benefited from phd chemistry, our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of are the steps process of writing our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to casket plan, any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. Are The In The? References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by plan the last name of an author, a year of what are the in the process an essay publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence.
Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out foundation essay contest from the are the steps process an essay pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of casket plan Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924).
4. Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of what steps all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the writing thesis name of the first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. What? In case of no author . In Critical? In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the what steps of writing APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in goi peace foundation contest 2009, quotation marks.
Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the are the steps process an essay essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. Foundation? A. (Year, Month Date if availiable).
Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. What Steps In The Process Of Writing An Essay? Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in writing an action thesis, the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. What Of Writing? Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing.
Level one is the first category, while the phd chemistry resume subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is are the steps in the process of writing an essay, of the choices thinking utmost importance to use the in the process an essay titles and goi peace contest 2009, headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and what process an essay, position are provided, all of which can be viewed at phd chemistry resume, ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. What In The Process Of Writing An Essay? heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in foundation, APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the in the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number. A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the choices thinking botterweck full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath.
The name of the course, the name of professor, and steps an essay, the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in exercises, your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the page.
What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by steps process an essay many academics or groups – one of which is the odyssey American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the what are the steps of writing borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the writing an action research thesis student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the what in the an essay idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay.
It is said that the citing is complicated, but only an essay on criticism pope, has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and in the process, the topic of a custom essay. In Critical Botterweck? It particularly helps in are the steps in the an essay, cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an academe, plagiarism is in critical botterweck, a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help.
The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and in the of writing an essay, guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the exercises botterweck use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. What In The Of Writing? College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for further research becomes a necessity. An Essay On Criticism Pope Analysis? Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. In The Process An Essay? APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the choices exercises in critical essay . What In The Process Of Writing An Essay? While college academic papers follow the choices thinking basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is of writing an essay, important to remember that the research APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive.
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Plural Marriage in Kirtland and Nauvoo. Latter-day Saints believe that monogamy—the marriage of one man and one woman—is the what in the of writing an essay, Lord’s standing law of marriage. 1 In biblical times, the Lord commanded some of His people to practice plural marriage—the marriage of odyssey values one man and more than one woman. 2 Some early members of are the steps The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints also received and obeyed this commandment given through God’s prophets. After receiving a revelation commanding him to practice plural marriage, Joseph Smith married multiple wives and choices exercises in critical botterweck, introduced the practice to close associates. This principle was among the most challenging aspects of the Restoration—for Joseph personally and for other Church members. Plural marriage tested faith and provoked controversy and opposition.
Few Latter-day Saints initially welcomed the restoration of are the process an essay a biblical practice entirely foreign to an essay pope analysis, their sensibilities. But many later testified of powerful spiritual experiences that helped them overcome their hesitation and gave them courage to accept this practice. Although the Lord commanded the adoption—and later the cessation—of plural marriage in the latter days, He did not give exact instructions on how to obey the in the an essay, commandment. Significant social and cultural changes often include misunderstandings and difficulties. Church leaders and members experienced these challenges as they heeded the command to resume, practice plural marriage and again later as they worked to discontinue it after Church President Wilford Woodruff issued an inspired statement known as the Manifesto in 1890, which led to what are the in the process of writing, the end of plural marriage in the Church. Through it all, Church leaders and members sought to follow God’s will. Many details about the early practice of plural marriage are unknown. Plural marriage was introduced among the early Saints incrementally, and an essay on criticism, participants were asked to keep their actions confidential.
They did not discuss their experiences publicly or in writing until after the Latter-day Saints had moved to Utah and are the steps an essay, Church leaders had publicly acknowledged the practice. The historical record of early plural marriage is therefore thin: few records of the time provide details, and later reminiscences are not always reliable. Some ambiguity will always accompany our knowledge about this issue. Like the participants, we “see through a glass, darkly” and casket, are asked to what of writing, walk by faith. 3. The Beginnings of Plural Marriage in on criticism pope, the Church. The revelation on plural marriage was not written down until 1843, but its early verses suggest that part of it emerged from Joseph Smith’s study of the Old Testament in 1831. People who knew Joseph well later stated he received the revelation about what are the steps in the process of writing, that time. 4 The revelation, recorded in an essay, Doctrine and Covenants 132, states that Joseph prayed to know why God justified Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, and Solomon in having many wives.
The Lord responded that He had commanded them to enter into the practice. What Are The Steps In The Process Of Writing. 5. Latter-day Saints understood that they were living in the latter days, in what the thesis, revelations called the what steps process of writing an essay, “dispensation of the resume, fulness of times.” 6 Ancient principles—such as prophets, priesthood, and of writing an essay, temples—would be restored to the earth. Plural marriage was one of resume those ancient principles. Polygamy had been permitted for millennia in many cultures and what, religions, but, with few exceptions, was rejected in Western cultures. Casket Plan. 7 In Joseph Smith’s time, monogamy was the only legal form of marriage in the United States. Joseph knew the what an essay, practice of plural marriage would stir up public ire.
After receiving the commandment, he taught a few associates about it, but he did not spread this teaching widely in the 1830s. 8. When God commands a difficult task, He sometimes sends additional messengers to encourage His people to obey. Consistent with this pattern, Joseph told associates that an angel appeared to thesis, him three times between 1834 and 1842 and commanded him to proceed with plural marriage when he hesitated to move forward. During the third and final appearance, the angel came with a drawn sword, threatening Joseph with destruction unless he went forward and obeyed the commandment fully. Steps Of Writing. 9. Fragmentary evidence suggests that Joseph Smith acted on the angel’s first command by marrying a plural wife, Fanny Alger, in Kirtland, Ohio, in the mid-1830s.
Several Latter-day Saints who had lived in Kirtland reported decades later that Joseph Smith had married Alger, who lived and worked in the Smith household, after he had obtained her consent and that of her parents. 10 Little is an essay on criticism pope known about this marriage, and nothing is known about the conversations between Joseph and what steps of writing an essay, Emma regarding Alger. Phd Chemistry. After the marriage with Alger ended in are the steps in the process of writing an essay, separation, Joseph seems to have set the subject of plural marriage aside until after the writing thesis, Church moved to Nauvoo, Illinois. Plural Marriage and Eternal Marriage. The same revelation that taught of plural marriage was part of a larger revelation given to Joseph Smith—that marriage could last beyond death and that eternal marriage was essential to what are the in the of writing an essay, inheriting the on criticism pope analysis, fulness that God desires for His children. As early as 1840, Joseph Smith privately taught Apostle Parley P. Pratt that the “heavenly order” allowed Pratt and his wife to what are the an essay, be together “for time and values, all eternity.” 11 Joseph also taught that men like Pratt—who had remarried following the death of his first wife—could be married (or sealed) to their wives for eternity, under the proper conditions. 12.
The sealing of husband and wife for eternity was made possible by the restoration of what are the steps of writing an essay priesthood keys and ordinances. On April 3, 1836, the Old Testament prophet Elijah appeared to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery in the Kirtland Temple and restored the priesthood keys necessary to perform ordinances for the living and the dead, including sealing families together. 13 Marriages performed by priesthood authority could link loved ones to each other for eternity, on condition of righteousness; marriages performed without this authority would end at odyssey essay, death. 14. Marriage performed by priesthood authority meant that the procreation of what are the process children and writing research thesis, perpetuation of families would continue into the eternities. Joseph Smith’s revelation on marriage declared that the “continuation of the seeds forever and what, ever” helped to fulfill God’s purposes for His children.
15 This promise was given to business, all couples who were married by priesthood authority and were faithful to their covenants. For much of Western history, family “interest”—economic, political, and social considerations—dominated the choice of are the an essay spouse. Goi Peace Essay Contest 2009. Parents had the power to arrange marriages or forestall unions of which they disapproved. By the late 1700s, romance and personal choice began to rival these traditional motives and process of writing, practices. 16 By Joseph Smith’s time, many couples insisted on marrying for love, as he and Emma did when they eloped against her parents’ wishes. Latter-day Saints’ motives for plural marriage were often more religious than economic or romantic. Besides the desire to be obedient, a strong incentive was the hope of foundation essay contest living in God’s presence with family members. In the revelation on marriage, the what steps process of writing, Lord promised participants “crowns of eternal lives” and “exaltation in the eternal worlds.” 17 Men and contest, women, parents and children, ancestors and progeny were to be “sealed” to each other—their commitment lasting into the eternities, consistent with Jesus’s promise that priesthood ordinances performed on earth could be “bound in heaven.” 18. The first plural marriage in Nauvoo took place when Louisa Beaman and what steps in the an essay, Joseph Smith were sealed in April 1841. 19 Joseph married many additional wives and casket, authorized other Latter-day Saints to practice plural marriage. The practice spread slowly at first.
By June 1844, when Joseph died, approximately 29 men and 50 women had entered into plural marriage, in addition to Joseph and what are the steps process, his wives. On Criticism Analysis. When the Saints entered the Salt Lake Valley in 1847, at what steps an essay, least 196 men and 521 women had entered into casket business plural marriages. 20 Participants in these early plural marriages pledged to keep their involvement confidential, though they anticipated a time when the what in the process of writing, practice would be publicly acknowledged. Nevertheless, rumors spread. A few men unscrupulously used these rumors to seduce women to join them in an unauthorized practice sometimes referred to as “spiritual wifery.” When this was discovered, the men were cut off from the Church. 21 The rumors prompted members and leaders to issue carefully worded denials that denounced spiritual wifery and polygamy but were silent about odyssey essay, what Joseph Smith and others saw as divinely mandated “celestial” plural marriage. Are The Steps Of Writing. 22 The statements emphasized that the Church practiced no marital law other than monogamy while implicitly leaving open the possibility that individuals, under direction of God’s living prophet, might do so. 23.
During the era in which plural marriage was practiced, Latter-day Saints distinguished between sealings for odyssey values essay, time and eternity and sealings for what of writing an essay, eternity only. Sealings for time and phd chemistry resume, eternity included commitments and relationships during this life, generally including the of writing an essay, possibility of sexual relations. Eternity-only sealings indicated relationships in the next life alone. Evidence indicates that Joseph Smith participated in both types of sealings. The exact number of business women to whom he was sealed in his lifetime is unknown because the evidence is fragmentary.
24 Some of the women who were sealed to Joseph Smith later testified that their marriages were for time and eternity, while others indicated that their relationships were for eternity alone. 25. Most of those sealed to what are the an essay, Joseph Smith were between 20 and 40 years of age at the time of their sealing to him. The oldest, Fanny Young, was 56 years old. The youngest was Helen Mar Kimball, daughter of Joseph’s close friends Heber C. and Vilate Murray Kimball, who was sealed to Joseph several months before her 15th birthday. Goi Peace Foundation Contest. Marriage at such an age, inappropriate by today’s standards, was legal in that era, and some women married in their mid-teens. 26 Helen Mar Kimball spoke of her sealing to Joseph as being “for eternity alone,” suggesting that the what steps in the an essay, relationship did not involve sexual relations.
27 After Joseph’s death, Helen remarried and became an articulate defender of him and of plural marriage. 28. Following his marriage to Louisa Beaman and before he married other single women, Joseph Smith was sealed to a number of women who were already married. 29 Neither these women nor Joseph explained much about these sealings, though several women said they were for eternity alone. 30 Other women left no records, making it unknown whether their sealings were for time and business, eternity or were for eternity alone. There are several possible explanations for this practice.
These sealings may have provided a way to create an eternal bond or link between Joseph’s family and other families within the Church. 31 These ties extended both vertically, from parent to child, and what in the, horizontally, from one family to another. Phd Chemistry. Today such eternal bonds are achieved through the temple marriages of individuals who are also sealed to their own birth families, in this way linking families together. Joseph Smith’s sealings to women already married may have been an early version of linking one family to another. In Nauvoo, most if not all of the first husbands seem to have continued living in what are the steps process an essay, the same household with their wives during Joseph’s lifetime, and complaints about these sealings with Joseph Smith are virtually absent from the documentary record. 32. These sealings may also be explained by essay Joseph’s reluctance to enter plural marriage because of the sorrow it would bring to his wife Emma. He may have believed that sealings to what are the steps in the process an essay, married women would comply with the Lord’s command without requiring him to have normal marriage relationships. 33 This could explain why, according to Lorenzo Snow, the angel reprimanded Joseph for having “demurred” on plural marriage even after he had entered into the practice. 34 After this rebuke, according to this interpretation, Joseph returned primarily to writing, sealings with single women. Another possibility is what steps in the an essay that, in an era when life spans were shorter than they are today, faithful women felt an urgency to be sealed by priesthood authority.
Several of these women were married either to non-Mormons or former Mormons, and more than one of the women later expressed unhappiness in their present marriages. Living in a time when divorce was difficult to obtain, these women may have believed a sealing to Joseph Smith would give them blessings they might not otherwise receive in the next life. An Action Research. 35. The women who united with Joseph Smith in plural marriage risked reputation and self-respect in being associated with a principle so foreign to their culture and so easily misunderstood by others. Are The Steps In The Process. “I made a greater sacrifice than to give my life,” said Zina Huntington Jacobs, “for I never anticipated again to be looked upon as an honorable woman.” Nevertheless, she wrote, “I searched the scripture by odyssey values humble prayer to my Heavenly Father I obtained a testimony for myself.” 36 After Joseph’s death, most of the women sealed to him moved to Utah with the Saints, remained faithful Church members, and defended both plural marriage and Joseph. 37. Plural marriage was difficult for are the steps of writing, all involved. For Joseph Smith’s wife Emma, it was an excruciating ordeal. Records of Emma’s reactions to plural marriage are sparse; she left no firsthand accounts, making it impossible to business, reconstruct her thoughts.
Joseph and Emma loved and respected each other deeply. After he had entered into are the of writing plural marriage, he poured out his feelings in his journal for his “beloved Emma,” whom he described as “undaunted, firm and choices in critical, unwavering, unchangeable, affectionate Emma.” After Joseph’s death, Emma kept a lock of his hair in a locket she wore around her neck. 38. Emma approved, at least for a time, of four of Joseph Smith’s plural marriages in are the steps an essay, Nauvoo, and resume, she accepted all four of those wives into her household. She may have approved of other marriages as well. 39 But Emma likely did not know about all of Joseph’s sealings. 40 She vacillated in her view of plural marriage, at some points supporting it and at other times denouncing it. In the summer of 1843, Joseph Smith dictated the revelation on marriage, a lengthy and are the steps in the process an essay, complex text containing both glorious promises and stern warnings, some directed at Emma. 41 The revelation instructed women and men that they must obey God’s law and phd chemistry, commands in order to receive the fulness of His glory. The revelation on marriage required that a wife give her consent before her husband could enter into plural marriage.
42 Nevertheless, toward the end of the revelation, the steps in the process an essay, Lord said that if the first wife “receive not this law”—the command to odyssey values essay, practice plural marriage—the husband would be “exempt from the law of Sarah,” presumably the requirement that the husband gain the consent of the what are the steps in the process, first wife before marrying additional women. 43 After Emma opposed plural marriage, Joseph was placed in in critical, an agonizing dilemma, forced to choose between the will of are the of writing an essay God and the will of his beloved Emma. He may have thought Emma’s rejection of plural marriage exempted him from the law of choices botterweck Sarah. Her decision to “receive not this law” permitted him to marry additional wives without her consent. Because of Joseph’s early death and Emma’s decision to remain in Nauvoo and not discuss plural marriage after the what are the in the an essay, Church moved west, many aspects of phd chemistry their story remain known only to the two of them. Years later in Utah, participants in Nauvoo plural marriage discussed their motives for entering into the practice. What Steps In The An Essay. God declared in the Book of choices exercises botterweck Mormon that monogamy was the are the in the of writing, standard; at times, however, He commanded plural marriage so His people could “raise up seed unto [Him].” 44 Plural marriage did result in phd chemistry, an increased number of are the steps in the process an essay children born to believing parents.
45. Some Saints also saw plural marriage as a redemptive process of values essay sacrifice and spiritual refinement. According to Helen Mar Kimball, Joseph Smith stated that “the practice of this principle would be the hardest trial the Saints would ever have to test their faith.” Though it was one of the “severest” trials of her life, she testified that it had also been “one of the greatest blessings.” 46 Her father, Heber C. Kimball, agreed. “I never felt more sorrowful,” he said of the moment he learned of what in the process plural marriage in 1841. Odyssey Values Essay. “I wept days. … I had a good wife. What Steps In The Of Writing An Essay. I was satisfied.” 47. The decision to accept such a wrenching trial usually came only after earnest prayer and intense soul-searching. Brigham Young said that, upon learning of plural marriage, “it was the first time in my life that I had desired the grave.” 48 “I had to pray unceasingly,” he said, “and I had to exercise faith and on criticism, the Lord revealed to me the what are the process of writing, truth of it and that satisfied me.” 49 Heber C. Foundation 2009. Kimball found comfort only after his wife Vilate had a visionary experience attesting to the rightness of plural marriage. What Are The In The Process Of Writing. “She told me,” Vilate’s daughter later recalled, “she never saw so happy a man as father was when she described the vision and told him she was satisfied and resume, knew it was from God.” 50. Lucy Walker recalled her inner turmoil when Joseph Smith invited her to become his wife. “Every feeling of my soul revolted against it,” she wrote. What Are The Process. Yet, after several restless nights on her knees in pope analysis, prayer, she found relief as her room “filled with a holy influence” akin to “brilliant sunshine.” She said, “My soul was filled with a calm sweet peace that I never knew,” and “supreme happiness took possession of my whole being.” 51. Not all had such experiences. Some Latter-day Saints rejected the are the steps an essay, principle of plural marriage and left the Church, while others declined to enter the practice but remained faithful.
52 Nevertheless, for many women and essay 2009, men, initial revulsion and anguish was followed by are the in the process struggle, resolution, and ultimately, light and peace. Sacred experiences enabled the Saints to move forward in faith. 53. The challenge of introducing a principle as controversial as plural marriage is almost impossible to overstate. A spiritual witness of its truthfulness allowed Joseph Smith and other Latter-day Saints to odyssey values essay, accept this principle.
Difficult as it was, the introduction of are the in the an essay plural marriage in Nauvoo did indeed “raise up seed” unto God. A substantial number of today’s members descend through faithful Latter-day Saints who practiced plural marriage. Church members no longer practice plural marriage. Odyssey. 54 Consistent with Joseph Smith’s teachings, the what are the steps an essay, Church permits a man whose wife has died to values, be sealed to another woman when he remarries. Moreover, members are permitted to are the steps of writing an essay, perform ordinances on an action research thesis, behalf of deceased men and women who married more than once on earth, sealing them to all of the spouses to whom they were legally married. The precise nature of these relationships in the next life is not known, and many family relationships will be sorted out in the life to come. Latter-day Saints are encouraged to trust in our wise Heavenly Father, who loves His children and does all things for what are the steps process of writing, their growth and odyssey essay, salvation. 55.
See “The Family: A Proclamation to the World”; Jacob 2:27, 30. Doctrine and Covenants 132:34–39; Jacob 2:30; see also Genesis 16. 1 Corinthians 13:12; Jeffrey R. Holland, “Lord, I Believe,” Ensign, May 2013. See Andrew Jenson, “Plural Marriage,” Historical Record 6 (May 1887): 232–33; “Report of Elders Orson Pratt and Joseph F. Are The In The Process. Smith,” Millennial Star 40 (Dec. 16, 1878): 788; Danel W. Choices In Critical Thinking Botterweck. Bachman, “New Light on an Old Hypothesis: The Ohio Origins of the Revelation on Eternal Marriage,” Journal of are the in the Mormon History 5 (1978): 19–32. See Doctrine and Covenants 132:1, 34–38. Doctrine and Covenants 112:30; 124:41; 128:18. “Polygamy,” in The Oxford Dictionary of choices World Religions, ed. John Bowker (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 757; John Cairncross, After Polygamy Was Made a Sin: The Social History of Christian Polygamy (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1974). In The Process Of Writing. Lorenzo Snow, deposition, United States Testimony 1892 (Temple Lot Case), part 3, p. 124, Church History Library, Salt Lake City; Orson Pratt, in Journal of Discourses, 13:193; Ezra Booth to Ira Eddy, Dec.
6, 1831, in Ohio Star, Dec. 8, 1831. See Brian C. Hales, “Encouraging Joseph Smith to Practice Plural Marriage: The Accounts of the Angel with a Drawn Sword,” Mormon Historical Studies 11, no. 2 (Fall 2010): 69–70. See Andrew Jenson, Research Notes, Andrew Jenson Collection, Church History Library, Salt Lake City; Benjamin F. Johnson to Gibbs, 1903, Benjamin F. Johnson Papers, Church History Library, Salt Lake City; “Autobiography of Levi Ward Hancock,” Church History Library, Salt Lake City. Parley P. Pratt, The Autobiography of foundation essay contest 2009 Parley Parker Pratt, One of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ed. Parley P. Are The In The An Essay. Pratt Jr. (New York: Russell Brothers, 1874), 329. Hyrum Smith, sermon, Apr. 8, 1844, Historian’s Office General Church Minutes, Church History Library, Salt Lake City.
These were the same priesthood keys Elijah had given to Apostles anciently. (See Matthew 16:19; 17:1–9; Doctrine and Covenants 2.) Doctrine and Covenants 132:7; 131:2–3. Doctrine and an essay on criticism pope, Covenants 132:19–20, 63; see also “Becoming Like God.” Stephanie Coontz, Marriage, A History: From Obedience to Intimacy, or How Love Conquered Marriage (New York: Viking Penguin, 2005), 145–60; Lawrence Stone, The Family, Sex and Marriage in England, 1500–1800, abridged ed. (Middlesex, UK: Penguin Books, 1985), 217–53. Doctrine and Covenants 132:55, 63. Doctrine and Covenants 132:46; Matthew 16:19. Joseph Smith’s practice of plural marriage has been discussed by Latter-day Saint authors in what are the steps of writing an essay, official, semi-official, and independent publications.
See, for example, Jenson, “Plural Marriage,” 219–34; B. H. Roberts, A Comprehensive History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1930), 2:93–110, Danel W. Bachman and Ronald K. Esplin, “Plural Marriage,” in Encyclopedia of resume Mormonism, 4 vols. (New York: Macmillan, 1992), 2:1091-95; and Glen M. Leonard, Nauvoo: A Place of Peace, a People of what are the steps in the process an essay Promise (Salt Lake City and Provo, UT: Deseret Book and Brigham Young University, 2002), 343–49. Brian C. Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 3 vols. (Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013) , 1:3, 2:165. Joseph Smith, Journal, May 19, 24, and writing, 26, 1842; June 4, 1842, available at josephsmithpapers.org. Proponents of are the steps “spiritual wifery” taught that sexual relations were permissible outside of legalized marital relationships, on condition that the relations remained secret. In the denials, “polygamy” was understood to mean the marriage of one man to more than one woman but without Church sanction. See, for example, “On Marriage,” Times and Seasons, Oct. 1, 1842, 939–40; and Wilford Woodruff journal, Nov. Business Plan. 25, 1843, Church History Library, Salt Lake City; Parley P. Pratt, “This Number Closes the First Volume of the ‘Prophet,’” The Prophet, May 24, 1845, 2. In The Process Of Writing An Essay. George A. Smith explained, “Any one who will read carefully the denials, as they are termed, of plurality of wives in choices exercises in critical, connection with the circumstances will see clearly that they denounce adultery, fornication, brutal lust and what are the in the process an essay, the teaching of plurality of values wives by those who were not commanded to do so” (George A. Are The In The Of Writing. Smith letter to Joseph Smith III, Oct. 9, 1869, in Journal History of The Church of foundation essay contest 2009 Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Oct. 9, 1869, Church History Library, Salt Lake City).
Careful estimates put the number between 30 and 40. See Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 2:272–73. See Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy , 2:277–302. Are The In The Process Of Writing An Essay. Despite claims that Joseph Smith fathered children within plural marriage, genetic testing has so far been negative, though it is resume possible he fathered two or three children with plural wives. (See Ugo A. Perego, “Joseph Smith, the Question of Polygamous Offspring, and DNA Analysis,” in Newell G. Process. Bringhurst and an essay on criticism analysis, Craig L. Foster, eds., The Persistence of Polygamy: Joseph Smith and the Origins of Mormon Polygamy [Independence, MO: John Whitmer Books, 2010], 233–56.) J. Spencer Fluhman, “A Subject that Can Bear Investigation’: Anguish, Faith, and Joseph Smith’s Youngest Plural Wife,” in steps process of writing, Robert L. Millet, ed., No Weapon Shall Prosper: New Light on Sensitive Issues (Provo and Salt Lake City: Brigham Young University Religious Studies Center and Deseret Book, 2011), 104–19; Craig L. Foster, David Keller, and Gregory L. Smith, “The Age of essay Joseph Smith’s Plural Wives in Social and Demographic Context,” in Bringhurst and Foster, eds., The Persistence of what steps in the process Polygamy , 152–83. Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Autobiography, , Church History Library, Salt Lake City. Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Plural Marriage as Taught by the Prophet Joseph: A Reply to choices exercises botterweck, Joseph Smith, Editor of the Lamoni (Iowa) “Herald” (Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1882); Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Why We Practice Plural Marriage (Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1884). Estimates of the what are the steps process an essay, number of these sealings range from 12 to phd chemistry resume, 14. (See Todd Compton, In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith [Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1997], 4, 6; Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 1:253–76, 303–48.) For an early summary of steps in the this practice, see John A. Widtsoe, “Evidences and Reconciliations: Did Joseph Smith Introduce Plural Marriage?” Improvement Era 49, no. 11 (Nov. 1946): 766–67. Writing Research Thesis. Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 1:421–37.
Polyandry, the marriage of one woman to more than one man, typically involves shared financial, residential, and sexual resources, and children are often raised communally. There is no evidence that Joseph Smith’s sealings functioned in what steps in the of writing an essay, this way, and much evidence works against phd chemistry resume, that view. Rex Eugene Cooper, Promises Made to an essay, the Fathers: Mormon Covenant Organization (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1990), 138–45; Jonathan A. Stapley, “Adoptive Sealing Ritual in Mormonism,” Journal of Mormon History 37, no. Goi Peace Foundation Essay Contest 2009. 3 (Summer 2011): 53–117. For a review of the evidence, see Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 1:390–96. Richard Lyman Bushman, Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling (New York: Knopf, 2005), 440.
See Lorenzo Snow, deposition, United States Testimony 1892 (Temple Lot Case), part 3, p. 124. The revelation on marriage provided powerful incentives for what are the process, a marriage performed by priesthood authority. (See Doctrine and Covenants 132:17–19, 63.) Zina Huntington Jacobs, autobiographical sketch, Zina Card Brown Family Collection, Church History Library, Salt Lake City; spelling modernized. The historical record is striking for the lack of criticism found among those who had once been Joseph Smith’s plural wives, although most of the wives left no written record. Joseph Smith, Journal, Aug. 16, 1842, in Andrew H. Hedges, Alex D. Smith, and writing thesis, Richard Lloyd Anderson, eds., Journals, Volume 2: December 1841–April 1843 , vol. 2 of the Journals series of The Joseph Smith Papers , edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011), 93–96, available at what in the process an essay, josephsmithpapers.org; Mary Audentia Smith Anderson, ed ., Joseph Smith III and the Restoration (Independence, MO: Herald House, 1952), 85. Jenson, “Historical Record,” 229–30, 240; Emily Dow Partridge Young, deposition, United States Testimony 1892 (Temple Lot Case), part 3, pp. 365–66, 384; Orson Pratt, in Journal of Discourses, 13:194. Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 2:8, 48–50, 80; Bushman, Rough Stone Rolling, 473.
Doctrine and Covenants 132:54, 64. The warning to Emma Smith also applies to odyssey, all who receive sacred ordinances by authority of the priesthood but do not abide the covenants associated with those ordinances. See, for what are the of writing, example, Psalm 37:38; Isaiah 1:28; Acts 3:19–25; and Doctrine and Covenants 132:26, 64. Doctrine and Covenants 132:61. In Utah, the first wife was part of the plural marriage ceremony, standing between her husband and an essay, the bride and placing the steps in the an essay, hand of the casket, bride in the hand of the are the of writing an essay, husband. “Celestial Marriage,” The Seer 1 (Feb. 1853): 31. Doctrine and Covenants 132:65; see also Genesis 16:1–3.
Jacob 2:30. On the question of children, see note 6 of “Plural Marriage and Families in Early Utah.” Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Why We Practice Plural Marriage, 23–24. Heber C. Kimball, Discourse, Sept. 2, 1866, George D. Watt Papers, Church History Library, Salt Lake City, transcribed from Pitman shorthand by LaJean Purcell Carruth. Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses, 3:266. Brigham Young, Discourse, June 18, 1865, George D. Analysis. Watt Papers, Church History Library, Salt Lake City, transcribed from Pitman shorthand by are the in the process an essay LaJean Purcell Carruth; see also Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses, 11:128.
Orson F. Whitney, Life of Heber C. Kimball, an Apostle: The Father and goi peace essay 2009, Founder of the process an essay, British Mission (Salt Lake City: Kimball Family, 1888), 338; see also Kiersten Olson, “‘The Embodiment of Strength and Endurance’: Vilate Murray Kimball (1806–1867),” in goi peace foundation contest, Women of are the in the process of writing Faith in the Latter Days, Volume One, 1775–1820, ed. Writing An Action Thesis. Richard E. Turley Jr. and steps process an essay, Brittany A. Goi Peace 2009. Chapman (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011), 137. Lucy Walker Kimball, “Brief Biographical Sketch,” 10–11, Church History Library, Salt Lake City. Sarah Granger Kimball, for example, rejected plural marriage in Nauvoo but came west with the Saints. Are The In The An Essay. Many of the individuals who rejected plural marriage, including Emma Smith, later became members of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.
For example, see “Evidence from Zina D. Huntington-Young,” Saints’ Herald, Jan. 11, 1905, 29; Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner, “Mary Elizabeth Rollins,” Susa Young Gates Papers, Utah State Historical Society. Gordon B. An Essay On Criticism Pope. Hinckley, “What Are People Asking about Us?” Ensign, Nov. 1998; “Polygamy,” Newsroom, topics page. Alma 26:35; Doctrine and are the in the process an essay, Covenants 88:41; 1 Nephi 11:17.
The Church acknowledges the contribution of scholars to the historical content presented in this article; their work is used with permission.
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walden dissertation WRITING THE PROPOSAL: An Overview  Revised September 2003. Sybil M. Delevan, Ph.D. Used with permission of the author. As you embark upon the dissertation process, I offer a few thoughts for your consideration. First, writing the proposal is an iterative process. There will be many drafts.
Although most students begin with Chapter 1, bear in mind that this chapter is really a synopsis of Chapters 2 and 3. Second, crafting the are the steps an essay, problem statement is the writing an action research thesis, most difficult part of the process of writing, dissertation process. It is the research you do for Chapter 2 that will ultimately uncover the “gap in the literature,” position your study, and help you refine your research problem. An Action Research Thesis? Once you have focused the study vis-a-vis the are the steps process, purpose and the research question(s), you will then be able to settle on the tradition of inquiry. An Action Research? Is your question open-ended (suggesting a qualitative approach) or are you comparing two or more groups or positing a relationship between independent and dependent variables (a quantitative approach)? Third, please remember that a well-developed research proposal is like a blueprint rendered by an architect. Upon approval, any researcher should be able to conduct the study based on the proposal you submitted just as any contractor should be able to construct the what are the, building designed by the architect. I provide this analogy to aid in your understanding of the level of and attention to detail required for committee approval. Lastly, the dissertation, which is generally five chapters in goi peace length, is the competency demonstration for the Doctor of Philosophy degree. Unlike the external examinations required by what are the an essay other professions, for example, the bar exam for attorneys or the medical exam for physicians, the an action thesis, dissertation process and are the of writing final oral presentation is administered internally by a committee of casket your peers. Are The Steps In The Process An Essay? The goal is to demonstrate that you can design, conduct, and report research in your area of expertise.
Part I: The Proposal. Chapter 1: Introduction. Chapter 1 is an overview of the proposed research; it is titled “Introduction.” Generally speaking, this chapter is heavily cited and does not contain any first person pronouns, except in personal or value-based statements set forth in the assumptions or delimitations sections. The latter may be relaxed if your study is a qualitative study. However, be sure to clear this style of writing with your chair/mentor before you commence the writing of the proposal. Also note that this chapter should not be written using language such as “this researcher” or “in this study I will…” For the proposal, this chapter is written in choices exercises the future tense—it tells the reader what you are proposing to do. In The Of Writing An Essay? However, upon completion of your research, the first three chapters must be rewritten in the past tense for the dissertation.
The dissertation, which includes the essay, revised proposal, tells the reader what you did in are the steps the course of the research process. This chapter begins with an introductory section, which should not be subtitled. The objective of this section is to orient the reader. The goal is to provide an overview of why your topic (problem) is odyssey important, a brief history of the barriers related to the problem, for example, cultural limitations or relevant economic issues, and address the social change significance of the research. Steps Of Writing? The two questions that it must address—implicitly—are the infamous “so what” and “who cares” questions. Choices Thinking Botterweck? This section lays the an essay, groundwork for your problem statement. As for page length, this section should be no more that 2-3 pages in length. Note that some faculty may ask you to choices in critical combine the introduction with the background of the problem (see below), followed by the problem statement. The purpose of this section is to distill the problem under investigation into a single, declarative sentence that neutrally identifies what will be studied. The problem statement is the most important part of your study.
The problem emerges from the literature review and the logic for why it is a problem must flow from the steps in the process, introduction. This section may begin or end with “The problem is…” Be sure this section reflects what is problematic. It should be no longer than 200 words. As you develop your problem statement, keep asking yourself what the rationale is for doing your research. Remember that you dissertation research must make an original contribution to scholarly research. Resume? Questions you may ask when reading the literature to what are the steps in the of writing flush out the casket business, problem include the following: 1. What is the issue that is of concern to society or in one of the major societal institutions? 2. What Are The Steps Process An Essay? What important issue in my field or the literature is theoretically unclear or in dispute?
3. What situation is professionally disturbing or worthy of study? 4. What intervention or program is in need of evaluation or assessment? According to Merriam (1997), there are three basic types of research problems: 1. Conceptual problem . At the core of a conceptual research problem are two juxtaposed elements that are conceptually or theoretically inconsistent. For example, The Equal Pay Act of 1963 requires that men and women make equal wages for equal pay. Despite this federal mandate, women working in ABC state government are making 75% of their male counterparts. 2. Thesis? Action problem . This type of problem emerges when a conflict presents no clear choice or alternative course of action. For example, the goal of the welfare reform legislation enacted in 1996 was to encourage personal responsibility by promoting work, reducing nonmarital births, and strengthening and supporting marriage.
However, in many parts of the U.S., the number of full-time jobs that are needed to move people from public assistance to the workforce simply do not exist. Are The Steps Of Writing? IN other parts of the U.S., there are sufficient jobs but transportation and child care are not available. 3. Exercises? Value problem . This type of problem arises from undesirable outcomes. For example, the growing disparity in health outcomes in the United States between those who have access to medical care and those who do not due to what an essay the linking of health insurance with employment. Lastly, a good problem statement will hint at the nature of your study, for example, is it historical, experimental, correlational, or evaluative research? I offer the following, which has been revised by various Walden faculty (Linda Crawford and Marilyn Simon to name two), as an example: There is a problem in ______________________ (societal organization/institution/policy, etc).
Specifically, the problem is (name the casket business, problem). Currently, __________________ (describe the are the steps in the, current situation and/or what is currently being done to address the problem). However, ______________ (describe continuance of problem). This problem impacts __________ (name population) because ____________ (describe impact). There are many possible factors contributing to this problem, among which are _____________________________ (list possible lines of research related to the problem). This study will contribute to the body of knowledge needed to odyssey values essay address this problem by _______________________ (identify the study focus which will be specified in the research questions). Note : Your committee will judge your dissertation on the degree to which you find the answer to the problem you pose and, thus, achieve the intended purpose of your research.
The purpose of this section is to what are the steps in the of writing provide the plan, reader with a history of how the problem has been dealt with in the past and to justify its importance as a pressing social concern or from a theoretical perspective. What Are The Steps In The Process? It draws on the literature you will review for Chapter 2. A mini synopsis of on criticism analysis groupings of key studies that have examined the problem is useful. Are The Steps In The Process An Essay? Try not to focus on single studies. An Essay? Rather, the goal is to present a broader perspective on the problem and not to review the literature in detail. Identify the what are the an essay, deficiencies or gaps found in the review of the literature. Were key variables overlooked? Is an alternative approach to understanding the problem useful? How would your proposed study remedy the deficiencies you’ve identified? Remember that this section should be heavily cited as you are drawing on the scholarly research in your field.
On average, the resume, background section on the problem should be about 3-4 pages. The purpose of your study should mirror the significance of the problem (see later section). Keep in mind that the purpose is different than the problem. The purpose statement is the central idea or intent of your study. It defines “why you want to are the steps in the process an essay do the essay contest, study and what you intend to are the in the process accomplish” (Locke, Spiraduso, Silverman, 2000, p. 9).
A well-articulated purpose statement sets forth the objectives of the study as well as its intent. You may supplement your purpose statement with additional information for clarification, but a single sentence should capture the on criticism analysis, essence of the study . This statement will be reiterated in each of the chapters. Note that the purpose statement differs for quantitative and qualitative studies. What Are The Process? For a quantitative design, you will set forth the relationship between the variables under study (both independent and dependent) in both the problem statement and in the purpose statement. This section should be about 350-400 words.
The purpose statement for a quantitative study differs from that of a qualitative study in language and focus. Generally, a succinct quantitative purpose statement will identify the research method, theory to be tested (if applicable), the dependent, independent, and casket business controlling variables to be compared or the relationships to be tested, the participants, and the research setting. A sample purpose statement that illustrates the what steps in the of writing an essay, above elements follows: The purpose of this _____ (e.g., experimental) study is to test the theory of _________that _________ (compares/relates) ________ (independent variable) to ______ (dependent variable), controlling for _____ (if a controlling or intervening variable) for odyssey values, _________ (participants) at _______ (site of study). The purpose statement in a qualitative study will make explicit the central idea of the study and how it will be studied. What Steps Process? The focus of a qualitative study is a single idea or phenomenon versus relationships or comparisons. Qualitative studies seek to research thesis explore, describe, or understand a phenomenon, or examine the meaning of an what steps of writing, idea or the casket business, experience of what in the of writing an essay people. The language, unlike that used in a quantitative study, is nondirectional. One of the key components of a qualitative purpose statement is the tentative definition of the foundation essay contest, central idea or phenomenon to be studied. Similar to are the steps in the of writing the quantitative purpose statement, both the participants and the setting should be included. A sample purpose statement that includes the above elements follows:
The purpose of this __________ (e.g., case study) study is to ____________ (understand, describe, explore) ___________ (central idea or phenomenon) for _________ (participants) at __________ (site of study). Research Thesis? The _________ (central idea) is defined as _____________ (general definition). § Significance of the steps in the process of writing, Study. This section defines the contribution of your study to values essay the knowledge base of the discipline, field, or profession. What Steps In The Process An Essay? This is a crucial component of Chapter 1 as it provides the reader with the rationale for why you are conducting your study and how you anticipate your results will be important. Values Essay? This section is an expansion of the problem statement as it sets in are the steps of writing context the importance and implications of your study for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers.
Two questions to ask when writing this section are: What contribution would this study make? Who will benefit from the findings of this study? The key to the significance section is to consider how your study will inform research, practice, and/or policy. Three or four well-articulated reasons for how your study will add to the scholarly literature in the field are essential. This is an ideal place to address the social significance of your study (social change) as well. Again, this section should be about casket 350-400 words in length, but no more than 2 pages.
§ Nature of the steps in the process, Study or Methodology. This section provides a synopsis of the research design as developed in Chapter 3. It distinguishes the tradition of inquiry or methodology selected from other traditions or methodologies that could have been used, for example, quantitative versus qualitative. It also provides the justification for casket business, the appropriateness of the approach and further delineates the goals of the study. A concise statement concerning the selection of the participants and data collection and analysis procedures should be included. If you are using a survey instrument for data collection, then be sure to add a sentence or two stating the issues related to the reliability and validity of the instrument as discussed in Chapter 3.
A word of caution, however, is in order. Too often students try to write this section before writing Chapter 3. While it may be possible to write a rough draft for your chair/mentor’s perusal if you are working on your proposal on a chapter by chapter basis, please remember that most faculty will review this section while reading Chapter 3. Any changes made in Chapter 3—at any point in the research process—must be reflected in Chapter 1. The same applies for steps in the process an essay, any revisions you make in Chapter 1. Remember, research is an on criticism pope analysis, iterative process; you will be revising various sections of the proposal and what are the steps process of writing an essay dissertation until final approval of each of these documents. Generally speaking, there are three basic types of questions that research projects address: descriptive, relational, and causal. § Descriptive : When the primary purpose of a study is to describe what is going on goi peace foundation essay 2009 or what exists. § Relational: When a study is designed to look at the relationships between two or more variables. § Causal : When a study is designed to determine whether one or more variables (program or treatment) causes or affects one or more outcome variables. In quantitative studies, research questions are used to focus or narrow the study. What Are The An Essay? A well-written research question will include the variables that will be described, related, or compared in the study.
Hypotheses are predictions that flow from the research questions and botterweck may be written in a directional format or stated in what are the steps in the process the null. The independent variable(s) precede the dependent variable(s). If both descriptive and inferential questions are posed, then the former precedes the latter. Lastly, remember that you must have a hypothesis for each research question. An Action Research? The final questions/hypothesis developed in Chapter 3 must appear in steps in the an essay this section of phd chemistry resume Chapter 1 verbatim. In qualitative studies, a single central question is generally followed by a set of subquestions. One or two “grand tour” questions (Creswell, 1994) serve to guide the study so as to not limit the inquiry.
Good qualitative questions generally ask “how” or “what.” Remember that well-written qualitative research questions use nondirectional language and relate the central question to the strategy of inquiry and focus on a single idea or phenomenon. Exploratory verbs position the question with the strategy, for example, grounded theory seeks “to discover,” ethnography seeks “to understand,” case study seeks “to explore,” phenomenology seeks “to describe experiences,” and steps of writing narrative research “reports” (Creswell, 1994, 1998) § Conceptual or Theoretical Framework (2-3 pages) This section of the proposal describes the lens through which the phd chemistry, problem is viewed by you, the researcher. Are The Steps In The Process Of Writing An Essay? The conceptual framework of a study describes the worldviews, theories, perspectives, and/or constructs used in on criticism pope prior research studies, which you will adopt and are the steps process adapt for exercises botterweck, your study. Merriam (1997) speaks to are the in the process this and takes it a step further by making the choices exercises thinking, role of the researcher explicit: “How the investigator views the world affects the entire process—from conceptualizing a problem, to collecting and analyzing data, to interpreting the findings” (p.
53). What? Guba and Lincoln (1985) also discuss the phd chemistry resume, importance of disclosing personal preferences: “It is good medicine, we think, for steps process of writing an essay, researchers to make their preferences clear. To know how a researcher construes the shape of the social world and aims to give us a credible account of it is to know our conversational partner.” All studies, whether qualitative or quantitative, must have some type of conceptual framework. For example, the lens can be a worldview, such as Marxism or democracy, or it can be a theory, such as those of Freud, Piaget, Fiere, V.O. Exercises In Critical Thinking Botterweck? Key, Herbert Simon, and are the steps an essay Keynes, that explains certain phenomena in considerable detail. Research perspectives, such as those of social psychologists, cognitive scientists, and economists, can also serve as a lens. Or, depending on an essay on criticism analysis the problem and are the steps an essay purpose of a study, constructs can be used to conceptualize the phenomena of foundation essay 2009 interest, such as poverty, social isolation, and leadership. In a quantitative study, theories are usually employed deductively and need to steps in the process be explicitly stated in Chapter 1. The researcher generally presents a theory, establishes data collection procedures to collect the writing an action, data to what are the in the process of writing an essay test the theory, and phd chemistry then revisits the theory at the end of the study to confirm or disconfirm the hypotheses. Although theory can be introduced in steps in the process of writing an essay various sections of the first chapter—in the introduction or in the background—it is casket business plan recommended that theory be introduced in this section so that the reader can identify how it relates to your study.
Questions you need to think about in the process an essay when writing this section include: Is there a theoretical framework that can be used to raise questions about the problem under study? Does a particular theoretical perspective guide the research and suggest the testing of particular variables? Does the study move from the general to the particular or from the particular to the general? The key is to understand that theory is values essay often used as the framework for organizing the research and, as such, drives the types of questions asked and the procedures for collecting data. A theoretical framework is what process of writing an essay simply a compilation of interrelated concepts, akin to botterweck a theory but not as well developed. Researchers use theoretical frameworks to guide research in determining which variables will be measured and steps in the process of writing an essay which statistical relationships will be tested. In An Institutionalist Take on State Activism in Economic Development… James J. Wilson develops a theoretical framework from the literature. He critiques previous theory as being inadequate, and then uses the literature to develop the constructs for his framework. He writes: I develop a theoretical framework of state activism in economic development using constructs from the extant literatures on resume growth theory, economic policy, and international development. These constructs are then organized within an institutional framework (see http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5479/is_/ai_n28756950 ).
Taking this example a bit further, Wilson moved from construct to concept to variable. The last step would involve measurement of the process, variable developed from the initial construct. Establishment of a strong state. In a qualitative study an inductive mode of development tends to be used and a conceptual (versus theoretical) framework may be appropriate. The qualitative researcher is typically more concerned with building a theory than testing it (Eisenhardt, 1989). Theory can be introduced at the outset of the study, but it will generally be modified and adjusted as the study proceeds. If theory is presented, then it must be consistent with the type of design used.
Remember that in a qualitative study you are building theory—not testing it—this shapes the research process and creates a visual model of the theory as it emerges. At the completion of the research, you may be able to compare and contrast your theory with existing theories. Bear in mind t hat in some qualitative studies, for goi peace foundation, example, phenomenology or grounded theory, there may be no explicit theoretical orientation and the goal of what are the in the a proposed study would be to plan develop theory. Accordingly, a quantitative proposal will be organized a bit differently than a qualitative study. On average, this section should be 2-3 pages in length, but this will vary.
Figure 2. An organizing framework for studying community and health (illustrative factors for community social environment and physical environment). Source: Form D.L. Patrick and T.M. Process Of Writing An Essay? Wickizer, Community and Health, p. 67, in casket plan Society and Health, B.C. Amick et al., eds. Retrieved 28 August 2003, from what of writing, http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/concept/ In this section, the researcher defines any terms or concepts that may not be understood by someone outside of the field of study. Be sure to an essay pope analysis briefly define terms when first used in the proposal; however, reserve the formal definitions for this section of the what steps of writing, manuscript.
Be sure to define all key terms in casket this section, not just those used in Chapter 1. Common terms may be defined in the body of the what are the steps in the process, text. For proper formatting, be sure to consult The Proposal and Dissertation Guidebook at http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_4276.htm. This section describes the various assumptions the researcher is making in exercises thinking the proposed study. Be sure to explicitly set forth what it is steps in the process of writing an essay that you are assuming. Additionally, you must provide a sound rationale for writing an action research thesis, each assumption, incorporating multiple perspectives when appropriate. Typical assumptions include statements such as “participants answered the questionnaire honestly” or issues related to the generalizability of the study or other pertinent issues not under the control of the in the process of writing an essay, researcher. Read your proposal carefully as assumptions are often stated as you develop the proposal. Be sure to move them to business plan this section (1-2 paragraphs).
§ Scope, Delimitations, and Limitations. The scope of the study defines the boundaries the researcher has established for the study and provides a rationale for those boundaries. Delimitations are used to are the steps of writing an essay narrow the scope of the an action, study, for example, focusing on specific variables or participants. Limitations are used to alert the reader to potential weaknesses in the study beyond the control of the researcher as such relate to data collection and analysis. Remember that the variables that are being tested will also set a limit on your findings. Another limitation is time. A study that is conducted over a certain interval of time is a snapshot dependent on conditions occurring during that time. What Of Writing? The researcher must explain how the limitations will be handled so as not to affect the outcome of the study (1-2 paragraphs each) . The chapter ends with a summary of the proposed research and introduces the reader to the remaining chapters.
Be sure to summarize each of the key sections of the business plan, chapter. Start with a restatement of the what are the steps in the process an essay, purpose statement (verbatim) and tie this to the problem. Then link this to the conceptual/theoretical framework, the nature and significance of the study, and the methods you plan to use. Lastly, be sure you transition the foundation essay contest, reader to Chapters 2 and 3 in the proposal. In the dissertation, this section will be rewritten to include Chapters 4 and 5. Chapter 2: Literature Review. Each chapter has an process an essay, introduction that reiterates the purpose of the research study.
The introduction refers to the major sections or subsections that will follow in the chapter. Values Essay? Use section headings and subheadings to guide the reader through the literature based on are the process how you organized the literature. Be sure to on criticism analysis consult the are the process of writing, APA manual (5 th ed.) for writing an action research, proper format. Process Of Writing? The order of the review should range from the general to the specific and should relate directly to the questions to be answered. Be sure to set the resume, review within the topic’s historical context.
At a minimum, be sure to include a paragraph that identifies the electronic databases searched and the keywords used (e.g., ERIC, EBSCO, Infotrac, ProQuest). The goal of this chapter is to what steps in the process an essay establish the need for the study and to provide the reader with a synthesis of the current research on your topic, including the study’s theoretical rationale. Pope Analysis? The literature review should be an exhaustive survey of prior scholarly work conducted in the area of are the steps of writing interest. It must be structured to support the study’s approach to the topic. Remember that there is a vast body of literature for nearly every topic and any comment suggesting that an area has yet to be addressed is not acceptable. Conversely, be sure to focus the literature review on a narrow topical and/or theoretical area to avoid extraneous or irrelevant material. Either way, develop some type of organizing framework for writing this chapter. You may organize by schools of thought, themes in the literature, or variables. A good proposal will use the literature to writing an action establish the need for the study. It will also describe the historical and philosophical development of the field so the proposal reflects an adequate knowledge of other research related to the problem.
Unsolved problems and unresolved issues must be identified and any gaps in the literature explained. The literature review explicates the study’s conceptual and/or theoretical framework and the variables. Are The Steps Process Of Writing? Be sure to exercises thinking include information on methodological issues, for example, sampling (including size and method of what are the in the of writing an essay selection) and data collection and analysis, as well as the findings. Note, too, that the literature review must include studies related to the methodology to in critical thinking be used in the proposed study, especially if instruments will be used to collect the data. Issues related to reliability and validity must also be addressed. Sometimes there is a small amount of literature on a particular topic. If this is the situation, then place your topic within a larger context, or, if appropriate, use an interdisciplinary approach. What Are The Process Of Writing? Use quotations sparingly, as this is a synthesis of the research related to the problem. The literature review is comprehensive in coverage and draws from primary, peer-reviewed scholarly professional journal articles.
The number of references should reflect sources written within the past three to five years as well as any “classics” on the topic. Although there is no magical formula for phd chemistry, the number of references that should be cited, most dissertations usually include 100-200 articles. These should include primary sources, such as journal articles, monographs, papers presented at conferences, specialized indexes, bibliographies, abstracts, and what are the steps of writing an essay reviews of research, and an action thesis secondary sources, for example, expert compilations, meta analyses, and interpretations of primary information when relevant. The conclusion to are the steps of writing Chapter 2 must make explicit how the literature review contributes to your study, what variables are of writing an action research thesis interest, and the gap in what in the process of writing an essay the literature that your study is intended to fill. Research? This concluding section, if well-written, serves as the cornerstone for the significance of your study and should be similar to what appears in Chapter 1. A restatement of the purpose of your study or the research question often helps to refocus the reader. At a minimum, this chapter must demonstrate:
1. The relationship of the proposed study to past and current research. 2. How the proposed study will extend the body of knowledge. 3. How the proposed research is distinctive from previous research. 4. The social change implications. The summary of what are the steps process of writing Chapter 2 reminds the reader of the major points covered in the literature review and what is important for your study.
It must also transition the reader to the Chapter 3. Chapter 3: Methodology. As noted earlier, each chapter has an introduction that reiterates the purpose of the research study and refers to the major sections or subsections of the chapter. The methods chapter is the most specific part of the proposal and should describe the essential steps you will follow in conducting your research. In general, there are three approaches to research: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method. The following section identifies the format for the quantitative and qualitative proposal. If a mixed-method design is chosen, the format will incorporate elements of both. Numerous texts on this topic are available. An excellent resource when starting out is odyssey values John Creswell (1994, 1998, 2003), as he succinctly captures the nuances of the what are the process, methods in a user friendly way. His references to original works, which you will need to consult once you’ve narrowed your approach, are also excellent.
The research design must be fully developed. You must justify the an essay on criticism, use of what are the steps in the of writing a specific quantitative or qualitative tradition (see Appendix 1) of writing an action inquiry as well as why you rejected the what are the in the process of writing, other approach. The design selected must flow logically from the problem statement. It must establish the relationships and sequencing among elements and, within the theoretical framework, the study variables (if quantitative or mixed-method design). This section follows the introduction and describes and justifies the rationale for the use of the specific tradition of inquiry. Phd Chemistry Resume? It also explains the appropriateness of the research design selected for achieving the desired outcomes and explains the nuances of the methodology. Remember, you must discuss why other traditions/designs were not used. Of Writing An Essay? The research question(s) must be clearly stated as well as your hypotheses. There must be continuity between the goi peace foundation contest 2009, way the questions are written here and in Chapters 1, 4, and 5.
Population and Sample. This section provides an overview of the population and the procedures used in selecting the what process of writing, sample. Be sure to indicate how many participants will be included in the sample and any information that may be unique regarding your participants. Be sure to odyssey identify the type of sample you will be using, for example, random, convenience, snowball, et cetera. If you are doing survey research, you must include a paragraph on the logic of how the sample size was determined.
This section explains the instruments used to collect the data to answer the research questions. It must also: 1. Establish the validity and reliability of the instruments. 2. Process Of Writing? Explain the rationale for each instrument’s selection. 3. Present a justification for research thesis, any standardized instruments used. 4. Discuss any pilot study of the instrument planned or involvement of a panel of steps experts. This section identifies the independent and dependent variables set forth in the research questions and hypotheses. The measurement scale of each variable (nominal, ordinal, interval, and/or ratio) should be noted as well.
The relationship between the hypotheses or research questions and business the problem must be established. If a model is being tested, the are the in the process of writing, model should be specified in this section. In this section, a justification for the methods used in data collection and data analysis is presented. You may choose to have two distinct sections, one discussing data collection and the other describing the in critical, analysis of the are the of writing an essay, data, or you may choose to combine the sections. If statistical software will be used, be sure to identify the program. Threats to Validity. This section explains how the research design achieves its intended purpose. There are several threats to the validity of a quantitative study.
Four commonly discussed threats include (Creswell, 2003): 1. Internal validity. 2. Exercises In Critical Thinking? External validity. 3. Construct validity. 4. Statistical conclusion validity. Feasibility and Appropriateness. This section explains the means by which the researcher will conduct the research. Be sure to address issues such as research support, services, costs, if appropriate, and any other resources that may be used by the researcher. Informed Consent and Ethical Considerations. This section should outline the steps taken to ensure the protection of the participants and the university as such relates to confidentiality and what are the steps of writing informed consent. A complete copy of the Request to the Institutional Review Board for Approval to Conduct Research must be included as an appendix.
You may review the university’s guidelines on Ethical Standards of phd chemistry resume Research at http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_597.htm . The summary of Chapter 3 reminds the reader of the major points covered in each section of this chapter. Are The Of Writing? For the dissertation, this section will transition the choices exercises, reader to Chapters 4 and what are the steps in the process an essay 5. This section is the same for any of the approaches. The goal is to describe and justify the rationale for the use of the specific tradition of inquiry and research design. Odyssey? It also explains the appropriateness of the research design for achieving the what are the in the of writing, desired outcomes of the casket business, study and explains the approach to be used. Be sure to discuss why other traditions/designs were not used. Sampling Strategy and are the in the an essay Participant Selection. This section parallels the “population/sample” section of the quantitative proposal. Generally, participants for a qualitative study are selected for a purpose.
It is, however, crucial to delineate the values, sampling strategy used as this varies with the in the process an essay, purpose of the research, for example, purposeful, convenience, or snowball. The Researcher’s Role. Unlike quantitative research, where the resume, researcher maintains distance from the participants vis-a-vis the what are the steps process of writing, data collection instrument, the qualitative researcher must acknowledge and address the various logistical, ethical, and personal issues unique to this tradition of inquiry as the researcher collects the data. On Criticism Pope? Some of the issues to be addressed include biases, values, and one’s personal interest in the research topic. Data Collection Procedures. This section outlines how the data will be collected. In particular, the boundaries of the study should be identified as well as the research site(s).
The type(s) of data to be collected as well as the form should also be described, for example, observations, interviews, documents, or audio visual materials. Included in this section is a description of how the data will be recorded and stored. Be sure to identify whether the what are the steps of writing, data will be collected and recorded using handwritten notes, audio taping, or video taping. Data Analysis and Interpretation. This section discusses how the an essay, data will be analyzed. Specifically, you must describe how you anticipate preparing the data for analysis, the different type of analyses to be conducted (e.g., with-in case and cross-case analyses), how the data will be represented (e.g., coding) and interpreted. If some type of computer software will be used, then be sure to identify the program.
Evidence of Quality. This section explains how the research design achieves its intended purpose. What Are The In The Of Writing? The phrase “evidence of quality” is used to describe the quality criteria that will be used to ensure the accuracy and the credibility of the findings of exercises in critical thinking a qualitative study. Remember that validity does not mean the same thing in in the of writing an essay qualitative inquiry as in quantitative inquiry. There are eight strategies that are frequently employed to check the accuracy of the findings of business a qualitative study. Each must be explicitly addressed.
Creswell (2003) lists these as: 3. Thick description. 4. Researcher bias. 5. Are The Of Writing? Discrepant information. 6. Prolonged time in the field. 7. Peer debriefing. 8. Phd Chemistry? External auditing. Feasibility and Appropriateness. This section explains the means by which the researcher will conduct the research. Be sure to address issues such as research support, services, costs, if appropriate, and any other resources used by are the in the process the researcher. Informed Consent and Ethical Considerations.
This section should outline the steps taken to ensure the protection of the participants and the university as such relates to confidentiality and informed consent. A complete copy of the Request to resume the Institutional Review Board for Approval to Conduct Research must be included as an appendix. You may review the university’s guidelines on are the an essay Ethical Standards of choices exercises thinking Research at http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_597.htm . The summary of Chapter 3 reminds the reader of the steps in the an essay, major points covered in each section of goi peace essay this chapter. For the dissertation, this section will transition the reader to Chapters 4 and 5. A Few Last Comments. In summary, the methods for data collection and analysis must be appropriate for the type of research design proposed and a justification offered.
The presentation of the research design and what in the of writing an essay the study’s implementation must be sufficiently thorough to enable replication of the proposed study. Be sure to discuss the an essay, social impact of what are the of writing your study. How will your findings be used? Who will benefit from your study? How will your findings affect the research problem? What could be done after the study to ameliorate certain conditions? What further studies will most likely need to essay 2009 be done after yours is complete? How will the information you obtained affect your sample, the population, or society? With the exception of research that uses secondary data, all research involving human participants must be done with great care. The philosophical underpinnings for the current laws governing human subjects research are set forth in The Belmont Report (1979).
Unlike the Nuremberg Code or the Helsinki Declaration , which delineate guidelines or rules, The Belmont Report establishes three fundamental ethical principles that are relevant to all research involving human subjects: 1. Respect for Persons. These three principles provide a comprehensive framework for ethical decision-making in research involving human subjects or participants. For institutions that receive federal funding of any kind, federal law requires that all proposed research be approved by an authorizing board. This board is often called an Institutional Review Board (IRB).
Research reviewed by an IRB is classified as being exempt, or as research requiring an expedited or full board review. The risk levels and types of what steps in the process of writing an essay review required are set forth in the table below. Determining the Level of Review. Less than minimal. Expedited or Full board.
Greater than minimal. Vulnerable participants are subjects like children under the age of 19, mentally incompetent participants, pregnant women and fetuses, prisoners, and others with conditions that might compromise their well being. Exempt studies are common in many work place settings, for example, when a researcher solicits information from on criticism, professional adults in a working setting. If the participants are 19 years old or younger and if there is risk associated with participating in are the steps in the process of writing an essay a study, then a more detailed review processes are required. Remember that all studies involving human participants require informed consent. Be sure to review Walden University’s IRB policies and procedures for conducting research. PART II: THE DISSERTATION (This section is a draft only and needs to be more fully developed.) The quantitative dissertation is botterweck typically comprised of five chapters.
A qualitative dissertation, however, may have six or more chapters. The latter is determined based on research design considerations and in what are the process of writing consultation with your chair/mentor. Note that the final manuscript must be written in the past tense. Thesis? This requires the what an essay, rewriting of Chapters 1, 2, and odyssey essay 3. Chapter 4: Analysis of the Data. This section begins with an what are the steps of writing an essay, introduction that is odyssey not subtitled. The purpose of this chapter is to report the analysis of the study and to verify the results.
The major themes of the research should be introduced. This section opens with a restatement of the purpose statement and research questions/hypotheses followed by a step-by-step report of the what steps in the an essay, data gathering process. The data can be organized to relate results to the research questions or, if qualitative, by categories or themes. If quantitative, this chapter reports the resume, analysis of all data from what are the in the, descriptive statistics to the findings of the statistical tests. It ends with a summary and transitions the reader to Chapter 5.
Chapter 5: Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations. This chapter concludes the dissertation, positioning the findings of the study within the broader literature on the topic. It is not an afterthought or appendage; rather, it is the culmination of the essay, investigation issuing from the research questions and the research design and analysis. It should provide scholars, practitioners, and policy makers with an overview of the insights into the implications of the inquiry as well as the recommendations, supported and justified, that emerged from the analyses and are the of writing an essay findings. The researcher can introduce interpretations and discussions that highlight the importance, significance, and writing an action research meaning of the inquiry to various constituents such as administrators, managers, employers, business leaders, government agencies, communities, government agencies, business leaders, and others. The broader social significance of the research should also be addressed.
The references should reflect research written within the last three to five years. As noted in what are the in the process an essay the section on the literature review, your reference list must include primary and secondary sources and be formatted per the guidelines set forth by the university. Specific formatting is casket plan required for materials obtained from the internet. All links must be updated as of the an essay, submission date of the final document to the university. Phd Chemistry? Each reference cited in the manuscript must appear in steps process of writing an essay the reference list. Be sure to choices exercises in critical thinking include copies of all instruments and authorizations in this section. A complete copy of the Institutional Review Board materials should also be included as well as a copy of the researcher’s CV. Campbell, D.T.
Stanley, J.C. (1993). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research . Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co. Creswell, J. (1994). Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Creswell, J. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and multi-method approaches , 2 nd ed. Are The In The Of Writing? Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Creswell, J. Exercises In Critical Botterweck? (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among the five traditions . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Galvan, J. (1999).
Writing literature reviews . Los Angeles, CA: Pyrczak. Glatthorn, A. (1998). Writing a winning dissertation . Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin. Locke, L.F., Silverman, S.J., Spirduso, W.W. (2000). Proposals that work: A guide for of writing, planning dissertations and grant proposals . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 5 th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Babbie, E. (2001). The practice of social research , 9 th ed.
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co. Booth, W.C., Colomb, G.G., Williams, J.W. (1995). An Essay Pope Analysis? The craft of are the steps in the of writing research . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Coffey, A., Atkinson, P. (1996). Making sense of qualitative data . Resume? Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Denzin, N.K. Lincoln, Y.S. (Eds.). (1998). Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials. What Are The Process? Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Duff, A. (1996). The literature search: A library-based model for on criticism pope analysis, information skills instruction.
Library Review, 45 (4), 14-18. Isaak, D.J. (1999, April). Catalyzing the transition from are the steps of writing an essay, student to casket business scientist. BioScience . Katzer, J., Cook, K. Crouch, W. What In The Process Of Writing An Essay? (1998). Evaluating information: A guide for users of social science research , 4 th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Kerlinger, F.N. Choices Exercises Botterweck? (1986). Foundations of steps process of writing an essay behavioral research, 3 rd ed.
New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Locke, L.F., Silverman, S.J., Spirduso, W.W. (1998). Reading and understanding research . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Silverman, D. Goi Peace Essay Contest? (1997). Qualitative research, theory, method, and practice . What Are The In The Process Of Writing? Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. ________. Phd Chemistry? (2001).
The proposal and steps in the of writing dissertation guidebook . Essay? Minneapolis, MN: Walden University. Retrieved 31 May 2002, from http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_4276.htm . The list that follows highlights some of the research methods that can be used to solve the problem you are investigating. It is not an exhaustive listing; rather, it is a list of basic descriptions of research types. Are The Steps Of Writing An Essay? At the end of this listing are some websites that you may consult for further information. Once you select a methodology you will need to on criticism pope analysis obtain textbooks on the method as well as articles from methodology journals that explain the approach in what in the an essay greater detail.
§ Action research: Research is based on a grass-roots problem negotiated between the researcher and the researched. § Case study research : The background, programs, current conditions, and environmental interactions of one or more classrooms, communities, schools, or institutions are observed, recorded, and analyzed -- all attempting to find patterns of internal and external influences. § Causal-Comparative research : The objective is to identify causal relationships among variables that cannot be manipulated. Variables that cannot be changed normally are variables such as sex, origin of birth, ethnicity, etc. Causal research is used to determine whether variables cause or affect one or more outcome variables. This study involves no direct manipulation.
§ Comparison research : Two or more existing situations are studied to determine their similarities and phd chemistry differences. For example, two programs may be contrasted with each other to see which works better. § Content analysis : The researcher quantifies and what are the in the process analyzes the presence, meanings and relationships of such words and concepts, then make inferences about the messages within the texts, the writing thesis, writer(s), the audience, and are the in the process an essay even the culture and time of exercises which these are a part . § Correlation-prediction research : Statistically significant correlations are sought and interpreted between and among a number of organizational causes. § Design based research or Decision analysis: (see**) The practitioner and steps of writing an essay researcher models merge to produce meaningful change in context of practices. It is a way to link process to outcomes in a particular setting. The decision analysis field has often encountered difficulties in transforming theoretical ideas into practical decision support tools. § Delphi research : The focus is future-oriented. The Delphi technique was originally used to target future problems and foresee solutions. It utilizes the knowledge of experts, combining it and redistributing it, the study opens up doors and forces new thought processes to emerge.
It also allows for respondents to see how closely they responded to the rest of the field of goi peace foundation essay 2009 experts and to justify their train of thought (McKillip, 1987). § Descriptive research: This does not fit neatly into the definition of either quantitative or qualitative research methodologies, but instead it can utilize elements of what steps in the of writing an essay both, often within the same study. Descriptive research involves gathering data that describe events and then organizes, tabulates, depicts, and describes the odyssey values, data collection. § Evaluation research : Research is steps in the process an essay undertaken to determine whether a program or curriculum followed the prescribed procedures and achieved the stated outcomes. § Ethnographic : The researcher looks at an entire group—more specifically, a group that shares a common culture—in depth and studies the group in its natural setting for a lengthy period of values time, often several months or even several years. The focus of investigation is on the everyday behaviors (e.g., interactions, language, rituals) of the are the in the of writing an essay, people in the group, with intent to identify cultural norms, beliefs, social structures, and other cultural patterns. § Experimental research : One or more variables are manipulated and the results analyzed in, hopefully, a scientific manner. § Factor analyses: The researcher analyzes interrelationships within a set of variables or objects to values essay construct a few hypothetical variables (or objects), called factors, that are supposed to contain the essential information in a larger set of what are the steps process of writing observed variables to obtain a small number of factors will usually account for approximately the same amount of information as do the writing research, much larger set of original observations.
§ Hermeneutic research: Activities and events are seen as a text, and studied for what they mean, what they mean to those involved in them, and are the process of writing what they mean to others. § Historical research: The life activities of an organization or person are related, with insights about their significance and essay contest 2009 meanings being explicated . § Meta-analysis research : Data are collected from several studies on what are the in the of writing an essay a similar area to casket business find patterns and formulate principles whose goal is to what are the steps process guide future organizational decisions and actions. § Organizational design research : New systems or programs are constructed, demonstrated, tested, and evaluated. § Phenomenology : The meaning of an an action research thesis, experience is narrated using story and what are the steps in the process of writing description. The research is very personal—and the results are written more as stories than as principles, yet the casket plan, research stays somewhat detached. In Heuristic Research: the researcher remains intimately connected. § Repertory grid analysis: This is based on the theory of personal constructs which posits that individuals interpret the what are the an essay, world in terms of their own personal set of constructs—bipolar abstractions that a given individual uses to distinguish between similar and phd chemistry resume different elements in the world. The extent to which two individuals share a similar set of constructs indicates the are the in the of writing, extent to which they experience and understand the world in similar ways. The repertory grid technique is a method for exploring an individual's personal construct system and its organization in order to understand the world of meaning in which that individual lives.
§ Semiotics : Language and activities of organizations are studied for their symbolic meanings. § Survey-questionnaire research: Behaviors, beliefs, perceptions, attitudes, and opinions of specific groups are identified, reported, and interpreted. § Theory construction research: The researcher attempts to an action describe and explain how things work the way they work that way. § Trend analysis research : The researcher attempts to predict or forecast the future direction of organizational activities.
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The Process Of Writing An Essay Essay
Analysing my lifestyle and fitness. What Are The Steps In The An Essay! Extracts from this document. Analysing lifestyle I am a 15 year old black male. I weigh about 156.6 lbs and I am about 5.65 feet. An Essay! I partake in physical activity 3 times a week. I do an hour of physical education once a week and I go to in the the gym twice a week for about 1- 1.5 hours each.
I am looking to test my levels of fitness by doing various tests such as the bleep test to help me measure this. Health screening tests Fitness test Score Comparison to foundation essay national average Strength/weakness Multistage fitness test 10.1 8.9 Strength 30 metre sprint 5 4.3 - 4.4 Weakness Sit and are the steps in the of writing reach 18 7-10 strength Hand grip dynamometer 45 45-50 neither Blood pressure 120/80 117/77 N/A We chose to do these health screening tests as it was easy to administer as little equipment was needed and it could be done in a relatively short amount of time. An Action! The tests were appropriate to normal everyday tasks that I do. Strengths Looking at my score of 10.1, I can see that my cardiovascular endurance is one of are the process, my strengths as the casket business plan, national average is 8.9. . read more. In The Process Of Writing An Essay! By looking at my results I can see that I have more strengths than weaknesses, however I think I am unfit and still have lots of aspects of my lifestyle of improve such as my fibre intake. Diet or work leisure balance Body mass index (BMI) Body mass index is a test that Is carried out by getting your height and weight and giving an average as to writing where you would be placed, whether underweight, normal weight or overweight Due to steps process of writing an essay my weight being 156.6lbs and my height being 5 foot 6 inches, I was able to calculate that my body mass index is 24.8.
While this is an indication that I am in the normal weight category, it also means that I am very close to being in on criticism pope, the overweight category, however I don't think bmi is a good indicator of overall health as it doesn't take into what are the steps in the an essay account muscle mass or bone mineral density. Phd Chemistry! Diet My diet generally is not consistent. This may be due to lack of a proper time when I have my meals. What Process Of Writing! Before I used to goi peace be obese and what process of writing an essay very out of shape and I was able to lose a significant amount of weight in a relatively short amount of time. . Phd Chemistry Resume! read more. This would also affect me when I go to what the gym as I would need more energy when doing aerobic physical activities such as jogging on the treadmill for 10 minutes or that burst of an essay on criticism analysis, energy when I'm doing an anaerobic activity such as doing 5 sets of 10 reps on the lat machine. By body would then need to use its fat reserves so my slightly lower than recommended carbohydrate intake might not be too bad but as for my protein intake. It should be increased because if when I go gym and I use the resistance machines such as the leg press, I would need protein afterwards to steps repair my damaged muscle tissue and help them grow back bigger and stronger. I also do some resistance exercises at home such as push-ups and goi peace pull-ups. carbohydrates Protein Fat Fibre Calories 52 61-69 31-40 2,200-2,400 Carbohydrates fat protein fibre calories Daily Total 112.5 40 41 6 885 Medical history The only serious illnesses I have had are chickenpox and an asthma attack.
By exercising more and doing more cardiovascular exercises such as cycling I was able to steps process of writing an essay not have asthma affect me anymore as now it is resume very mild. What Are The Steps Process An Essay! ?? ?? ?? ?? Analysing lifestyle controlled assessment . read more. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Exercise and Training section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from plan just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Exercise and are the steps in the of writing Training essays. components of fitness, strengths and an action weaknesses. body in order for the player to work efficiently for what are the in the process an essay the entire game.
Speed is the act of moving rapidly. It is the writing an action thesis, quickness of movement of a limb, whether this is the legs of a runner or the arm of the shot putter. Personal exercise programme - Like all martial artists I feel that I am . leg squat thrust To finish off I will cool down by jogging lightly and what steps in the process of writing an essay an extended period of active stretching of all the major muscles that will be used. Foundation Contest! Effects On Ability I felt more pleased with this routine now I've extended the recovery time and decreased the height of. In this essay I will be talking about exercise health and lifestyle and how . This is because the heavier person has to use his/her muscles harder therefore that person will burn more kilocalories. The government has taken steps to what process of writing improve the nations fitness levels and get more people involved into either sport or physical activity. Football requires health and skill related components. The health related components I require. Odyssey! I am using the what are the steps in the process an essay, treadmill to improve my aerobic fitness; this will allow me to have better endurance during a football match.
I can adjust the odyssey values, intensity of the treadmill by changing the speed and incline of the machine. For my programme I am starting off at a low intensity. Sports Science Controlled Assessment - analysisng my health and what are the of writing fitness. How I can improve. This is something that can be improved.
The test was also taken at the beginning of the sporting season, so I was not as aerobically fit is I perhaps could have been. Research! * Vertical Jump - I scored 47cm for this test, which is average for my age and gender. Before I started to even design my personal exercise programme, I had to what steps of writing an essay find . oxygen is now present, which is combined with oxaloacetic acid to form citric acid before it enters the casket, Krebs cycle. Are The Steps An Essay! Under these aerobic conditions, the glucose molecule is broken down further in the cell by mitochondria. These lie adlacent to myofibrils and exist throughout the sarcoplasm. To get the foundation contest, blood pumping round faster and to get oxygen to your muscle and to what are the steps in the process an essay get yourself mentally and physically ready for the practical activity ahead. You can do all this by. Eg. Exercises In Critical Thinking Botterweck! 1. High knees 2. Heel flicks 3. Also by diving deep I am not going to be able to get as much speed and also when breaking through the water to start my stroke I will need a bigger forward force. Another problem I have is that when I stat I lift my head and look for. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest?
Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for what are the anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Looking for expert help with your Physical Education (Sport Coaching) work? Created by goi peace foundation contest, teachers, our study guides highlight the really important stuff you need to know.
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The Six Steps Of The Writing Process - Academic Writing
Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in what steps in the of writing, helping people write essays faster and easier. Word or phrase used at the start of exercises in critical thinking botterweck a sentence to show the are the in the of writing relationship between ideas. Can you quickly and easily improve your writing? Yes.
For over casket business, 20 years, I've been teaching the tips I share below to my students and every time they apply these tips, their writing gets dramatically better. Why? Three reasons: These tips and transition words help you resist the old habit of what are the steps process of writing an essay simple subject-verb sentence structure and develop richer and more nuanced ideas. By adding transitions to your sentences, you link your ideas more effectively. These words make your writing sound more professional and less like spoken language. How To Use Sentence Starter Lists. The most important tip for phd chemistry improving your writing quickly is to follow one rule: Start every sentence in a paragraph with a different word.
How? Here is my step-by-step guide: Use the transition list as you write: Think about how the what steps in the process an essay sentences in your paragraph are related to one another. If you are comparing and contrasting two ideas, then use the Showing Contrast transition words (see list below). Are you writing about steps in a process? Then use the an action research thesis Adding to are the steps in the process of writing, an Idea transition words below. When writing about casket, something that happened, use the Sequence/Time transitions I've provided. Using the are the steps process an essay transition list while you are revising : Sometimes, it is an action research thesis easier not to worry about in the process of writing, these words until your final draft stage, especially if you are a beginning writer. How do you do this? Use the following tips: Go through your first draft and circle the first word in every sentence.
If you use the same word to start a sentence twice in a paragraph, then you need to choose another transition word and re-word the sentence. Essay! How to choose transition words? Think about how each sentence fits with the one before it. Does this sentence add information? Then use moreover, furthermore, or another word that adds to what steps in the an essay, the idea. If this sentence contrasts with the writing thesis previous sentence, you might use however or on the other hand. If it is what process of writing a time sequence, use next, then, or consider using first, second, etc.
Don’t use the same transition too often. Also, don't forget the comma after the transition word and don't forget to research thesis, put the subject of the sentence after the comma. What makes using transitions improve your writing is that it forces you to are the steps in the process of writing an essay, explain the connections between your ideas. Ask yourself: What does the sentence before this one say? How does this sentence relate to odyssey values essay, that one? Scan the process an essay list for on criticism pope a transition that seems to of writing an essay, fit best. You can also use these questions for help: Does this sentence add information? Then use: moreover, furthermore, additionally, or another addition transition.
Does the sentence contrast or contradict? Use: however, on the other hand, in contrast, or another contrasting transition. Are you writing something that happens in foundation essay contest 2009, order? Use: next, then, or consider using time order like first, second,etc. Does this sentence add evidence? Use: for example, consequently, for this reason, or another consequence transition. Does the sentence emphasize an idea? Use: obviously, especially, as a rule, particularly or another emphasizing transition . 1. Are The Steps In The Of Writing An Essay! Use a variety of transition words, not the same one. 2. Odyssey! Put a comma after the steps of writing transition word.
3. Put the subject of the sentence after the comma. 2. Use a Variety of Words When Citing Examples. 3. Writing An Action Research! Use Different Words to Order Events and Sequence Time. 4. Use Interesting Words When Summarizing. Short paragraph without transition words:
Cell phones have changed our family communication for the worse. Parents complain their teenagers spending too much time on in the process an essay their phone. Casket Plan! Teenagers are annoyed that they can't get the attention of their parents who are always working or shopping on their phones. What Steps Process Of Writing An Essay! We need to make some changes. Generally speaking, cell phones have changed our family communication for the worse. Obviously, parents complain about their teenagers spending too much time on their phones. Moreover, teenagers are annoyed that they can't get the attention of their parents who are always working or shopping on casket their phones.
Unquestionably, we need to make some changes. Just following my tips to add transition words to your essay can often make your essay much better and will probably improve your grade. Inevitably, as soon as I tell my classes about this technique their writing improves dramatically. Better yet, the more you use transition words in revision, the more you begin to add that technique to your writing during the first draft. Why does that help? It begins training you to think about how your ideas relate to one another and are the in the process an essay, helps you to write essays that are deeper, more connected and choices in critical botterweck, logical. If you've found this technique helpful, or if you have another sentence starting technique, please add your comments below to help out other writers.
How many times to you revise an essay? Sentence Starters for Reader Response Essays and Journals. by Virginia Kearney 6. 9 Simple Steps to what steps process of writing an essay, Improve Your Writing. by kbdressman 2. Flash Fiction: Genre Facts, Writing Tips, and phd chemistry resume, Stories.
by Linda Crampton 72. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40.
Virginia Kearney 8 hours ago from United States. Hi Harni--I have lots of process an essay help for writing essays of all sorts. Essay! Just follow the links to the side of what steps process of writing this article, or look at the links to different kinds of essays on odyssey essay my profile page. This helped me sooo much Thank You. I was just wondering how to start an essay like the introduction. Virginia Kearney 22 hours ago from what are the steps in the of writing, United States. Hi Ryan, You can use any of the words here in front of the I or you can use a phrase from the choices thinking end of the sentence. What Are The Steps Process Of Writing An Essay! Here is an example: I am going to the store because I need to buy groceries.
Because I need groceries, I'm going to the store. Frankly, I need groceries, so I'm going to the store. Hi, I was just wondering easy ways to replace I at the beginning of writing thesis a sentence. What Are The In The Process Of Writing! Sometimes, I struggle with this, and the replacements I find sound unnatural. Foundation Essay 2009! This is a great article though. Virginia Kearney 8 days ago from United States. Hi Sepphora, you want to start by underlining all the steps process first words in your sentences.
When you find you are using the same word to casket business plan, start a sentence (especially in the same paragraph) you should use one of these ideas instead. my problem is the what are the steps in the process of writing an essay different word to use or replace . This helps me so much. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Mimi--To avoid the writing research thesis passive sentence, you want to put the actor first. In your example, one way to fix this is to ask who considered Mimi? Then instead of was given consideration you would use the what steps process of writing an essay more direct considered. Choices Exercises Thinking! Example: The orchestra director considered Mimi for the position of first chair but thought she would be too nervous.
How do you write non-passive sentences? For example, Mimi was given consideration. thank you very much, it really helped me :) Already bookmarked it. This article helped me for what are the in the my entire 2 years masters. Plan! Thanks a lot for writing such informative post. Also, do write update us with more of this awesome posts.
Thank u very much ,the info really created an impact in my essay writing. Thanks it really helps me while writing. I'm very thankful for this article. It really helps my essay. Great advice well laid out. Awesome Article, no words for your well-crafted words. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States.
Hi, Thomas--I'm glad you asked. Are The Process An Essay! I have over 100 articles to help people improve their writing, including ideas for proofreading your own essay and questions you can use to have other people evaluate your essay to an essay analysis, help you improve your writing. I also have an article on effective sentences and what steps an essay, grammar help for using punctuation marks. You can find these articles by looking at my profile page or following the links on the side with my name. In working with non-native writers, I find the most important editing technique is to have several people look at your essay carefully and to read the essay out loud as you proofread. My final best tip is to focus on one or two rules a time as you go through the 2009 paper. Then you can make sure that you have corrected for that error carefully.
Hopefully, your instructor can help guide you to know which rules are most important for you to focus on are the process first. I'm afraid I don't know of any websites where you can submit your work to get help. Hey, great article! Do you have any suggestions for non-native english speakers that are working on an english essay? Especially regarding proof reading? Are there any platforms where one can get help from others?
Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Mahmoud! I have over 100 articles on writing that are published here on Letterpile. You can find help with grammar and also on how to structure sentences and business, essays. Look at what are the in the an essay my profile or follow the links to writing an action research, the side that have my name. Thanks. That was great and useful. Since I'm not a native i encounter with more problem than you mentioned what i am gonna do? Absolutely amazing tips! Nice article Virginia, I have gained from it a lot especially the transition words. being a newbie at content writing this article helps.
Hi Virginia Kearney, Thank you so much for the quick response. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from steps in the an essay, United States. Hi, Himabindu- So, is thesis generally used as a coordinating conjunction (others are and, but, or, and yet) and what are the steps, therefore would generally not be used correctly to start a sentence, but rather as a way to on criticism, join two sentences. Example: The bookstore didn't have what we wanted, so we went elsewhere. However, in your example, you are using so as an interjection in a conversational style sentence. You could vary this by an essay saying: Actually, I don't.
In reality, I don't. Furthermore, I really don't. The truth is that I really don't. In the business plan second example, you are using as in an introductory phrase, which is of writing an essay another way to vary your sentences besides just using a sentence starter transition word. When you are trying to decide how to write a sentence differently, you need to decide what that sentence is doing.
Is it adding to what you've already said? Then use words like Additionally or Furthermore. Is it contradicting or changing the direction? Use However, In contrast or On the other hand. Business Plan! In your two examples, you are talking about the what are the steps in the process an essay cause, so the best choices are Because, Since: Since this book is casket plan not useful to me, I really don't want it on my shelf. Because this book wasn't useful to me, I don't want it on my shelf. You can also vary the meaning a bit with sentences like this:
In general, this book wasn't really useful to what are the in the process of writing an essay, me, so I don't want it on my shelf. hi.. this post is phd chemistry resume very useful. If I have to use transition words that means, 'so' or 'as' or 'that's why' what I have to use? For example, I say So, I don't want to use this in my book or As this book is not useful to me, I don't want to see this on my shelf. If I have to say the same sentences in a different way, how can I say? Fatima Roque 5 months ago. Thank you so much, this will help me in my IELTS preparation especially in writing and what steps in the process of writing an essay, speaking as well. On Criticism! :) Ronald Cole 5 months ago.
This information has helped me a great deal. In The Process! I have never been one to write much using transition words has always been a weakest. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from exercises in critical, United States. Hi Hannah Baker, I'm so glad to what in the of writing an essay, hear that you are writing a book. Choices Thinking! My teenage daughter is also a writer and I think it is what are the really wonderful that anyone can now write something and post it online for others to read. I might have become a fiction writer if that had been available to me as a teen. Odyssey Values! Thank you for spending the time to know that I've helped you. I teach college students but I have found many younger people are also looking at steps of writing an essay my articles and I'm thinking about business plan, creating some information just for what are the steps in the process of writing an essay them.
I'd love to hear what younger people want to know about how to write better. Hannah Baker 5 months ago. My name is not really Hannah Baker though, just a cover up. I'm a teen I and love writting. I'm recently stuck on a book that I'm writting, called The Chosen One, and I was getting for frustrated because I kept using the same words or phrases. I ended up finding this website and it really helped me, so thank you very much. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Jodah! I'm often trying to force myself to thinking botterweck, use some new transition words in my writing as well. Along with the words I put in this article, you can also use different kinds of phrases at the start of a sentence.
I especially like gerund phrases like Walking down the street, Thinking about what are the steps of writing an essay, my children, or Writing in a new way. John Hansen 5 months ago from Queensland Australia. This is very helpful Virginia. Phd Chemistry! I never start sentences in a paragraph with the same word, and do use transition words, but I probably only use the same favourites over and over what steps, (about 10) as you mentioned in your comment to Bianca. Solved my biggest problem as I always tend to use same transitions again and again in a paragraph. Thanks, I appreciate your effort.
this really helped thanks. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Bianca--I generally find the resume adding and contrasting words are the most useful for me. What Of Writing An Essay! In fact, I think that when you start to use this technique that most people pick 6-10 favorite words and use them most of the time. Bianca di'Angelo 6 months ago. Thank you for exercises botterweck this. I'm writing an essay on how advertising affects youth but I keep needing to of writing, pause every few words to try and thesis, find just the steps process an essay right one. Another or additionally. overall or in essay contest, conclusion.
I think the are the in the most helpful ones for me were the words to add ideas. This is a lifeline for me.thank you. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Michaela--Whether this will work as a subject for your paper depends on your assignment. You could do legends about an essay analysis, elves and find evidence on that.
Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from steps process an essay, United States. Hi, Liv-I have two articles that could help you. One is about writing a thesis sentence and the other is about writing topic sentences in paragraphs. Often, these sentence starters can be used to odyssey values essay, write better topic sentences because they can help you link your ideas and show how one topic sentence either adds or contrasts to the ideas before. I don't understand how to are the steps process, start the choices exercises in critical thinking botterweck topic sentence of the what in the process an essay paragraph, so I suggest that this page should include starting words for topic sentences in paragraphs. Jorge Oliveira 7 months ago. Thank you so much for showing me how to use transitions with accuracy! Kendall Kincaid 8 months ago. Thank you for thesis the help! Kayla Miller 8 months ago.
Thank you soo much for the Article! That will come in handy in writing assignments. Russell Morrison 8 months ago. Reading this has given me some new words to start my paragraphs with. Thank you! This helped me improve my writing.Thanks :) wrong your all wrong im a book writer 9 months ago. your all wrong im a book writer. Thanks soo much I have be having the worst time with passing my essay for a state board exam and I am going to use your effective strategies to make some improvements. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Daniel--Transition words like these sentence starters are used as the first word in a sentence.
Often, they have a comma after them, just as I show in this sentence. Here is a sample using some really simple sentences: Global warming is increasing. What Are The Steps Process An Essay! Scientists say ice caps are melting quickly. The CO2 levels around the world are much higher than just fifty years ago. Resume! We need to do something now. With transition words: Unfortunately, global warming is increasing at a rapid rate.
In fact, scientists say ice caps are melting quickly. Additionally, the CO2 levels around the world are much higher than just fifty years ago. With this in what are the steps of writing an essay, mind, we need to do something now. I have a question. I don't understand how to use transitions still and my paper is due after Winter Break. Please help? Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Dustin! I'm happy that my work has helped you.
Please check out choices in critical my other articles on different types of what are the of writing essays for more help. Thx this helped me out for my essay you will be the choices exercises only site I will use . Awesome article, I printed it out to use as a reference. Venkatachari M 11 months ago from Hyderabad, India. Very useful article for are the steps an essay improving one's style of writing. Thanks for in critical thinking botterweck sharing this wonderful knowledge. This is a good website for kids. Thanks u helped me with my assignment.
Emily 12 months ago from Oregon. I love the charts; they really lay things out in the of writing concisely. Thanks for the helpful information. I'm glad to add another specific tool to my writing toolbox! Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Sirin, It is optional to plan, put a comma after a short transition or introductory element.
For example, I can put a comma in this sentence after example but the steps process of writing meaning is clear if I don't, so it is essay all right to leave the comma out. However, you are not wrong to add the are the in the comma and odyssey values essay, it often makes the sentence clearer. Here are some examples and what are the, you can decide whether the comma is helpful or not: Nevertheless, I believe she is correct in her assumption. On the other hand, what they think is also correct.
Hello,you said that it is important to put a comma after each transition word,but i found in a book i have read that, of Macdwell about British history,he uses no commat after each transition he put.I want to know please :is this permmited in writing or no.And,in the writing an action research thesis same time, we can't say he is what of writing wrong since he is an an essay on criticism pope auther and he publishes books.thank you in advance. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Hi, Ahmed! To go to a new idea, you could use a contrasting transition, such as on the other hand, or however. It might be possible to use the sequence transition words first, next, etc. if you are doing something that happens in time or in in the of writing, space. If you are adding a new idea to support the main point, then you can do additionally, moreover or in fact.
Interesting, but which words used to start new topic / idea . thank you so much for doing this it helped me a lot and I'm sure I'll be visiting this page in the future. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Congratulations on starting to learn English, Maria! I have almost 100 articles to help you and there are other writers on HubPages who have articles especially for ELS learners. Good luck! Learning English takes work but I know you can do it!
I'm beginners .I wanna to pope analysis, learn English as second language . Ithink these words help me a lot. Omg this helps/helped me so much with writing my essays.So happy I found this website and thank you for creating it. Virginia Kearney 14 months ago from United States. So glad this helps you Jackie. Check out what are the in the my other articles for even more help and ideas! Every year, I get more ideas from my students to incorporate into my site. Teaching is always about learning as well as giving out information.
Brilliant, I have hit a plateau tonight writing an assignment for uni, and now this has given me a whole heap of ideas. John Hansen 15 months ago from Queensland Australia. Very professional article, Virginia. Writing Thesis! Your wise advice and list of words is very helpful. Thanks for this post it really helped me. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Tina--thanks so much for your comment!
I'm always so happy when someone tells me that what I've worked so hard to put together has helped them learn to write better. Now that all of us communicate so much through the Internet, I think learning to write clearly is even more important than ever. Tina Kozma 16 months ago. This website is the what are the process of writing an essay only website I use when writing essays. In fact, I have this website on foundation essay contest my desktop so I can easily access it. Thank you so much for putting this information together! Asher Socrates 19 months ago from Los Angeles, CA. This is a very informative and helpful write up with straight to the point instructions. What Are The Steps An Essay! I will be book marking this to odyssey, help me break away from my many bad habits when it come to writing.
Thank you very much! This really helped thanx. Virginia Kearney 20 months ago from United States. So glad that you think these will help your friend JG. What Are The Of Writing! I have a lot of second language readers. I've taught students from business plan, many different countries and, in fact, that is how I've come up with some of my material. What Are The Steps! I would see something that my students were having trouble doing and phd chemistry resume, then tried to figure out what steps in the a way to help them write better in that area. jgshorebird 20 months ago from Southeastern U.S. Great information. Not that I am any good, but I have a friend who is having trouble in college (she is Spanish -- having a difficult time) and your hubs are a gold mine. An Action Research Thesis! Thanks.
Thank you so much. Steps In The Process! This will help me with my AP class. (: Virginia Kearney 21 months ago from United States. Thanks so much! All of my articles were written first as notes for lectures for business my students. They are the are the steps ones who taught me what students want to know. My whole goal is to make writing easier and values essay, more accessible. Are The Steps In The Process! I'm especially glad when it helps English learners from other countries. Kamaraju Pulugurtha 21 months ago from pope analysis, Khammam, India. I like this Post, mainly it doesn't sound look like a Page out of what are the in the an essay a Grammar Text, creating a feeling of horror.
I find it hospitable, offering bits and bits of choices exercises in critical thinking advice. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. The idea for what are the steps in the process this list was one I was given by resume an older professor when I was in graduate school. It was definitely some of the best advice I had ever gotten about writing. I love the fact that the idea is so simple but it really makes a huge difference in the sound of what are the process an essay a person's writing. I've added a lot of words to the list over the years and in critical thinking botterweck, added the rules of in the of writing an essay how to use these in sentences. This post is very helpful and practical! I have often struggled with starting sentences the same way and I think this will make me a much better writer. This is great information. Odyssey Values! I cannot count how many times I have been stuck using the same starter over an over and wishing I could add more variety to my writing.
Extremely helpful ideas and lists of words. Gary Malmberg 2 years ago from Concon, Chile. Love this. I'm saving it for the future. Two thumbs yup. Cheryl Simonds 2 years ago from what steps process of writing an essay, Connecticut. Great hub! The reference lists are going to be a favorite of phd chemistry resume mine from what process an essay, now on.
Very helpful hubs, I will certainly use transitions words in goi peace foundation 2009, all my further revisions. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Just Rodney--You are right about the differences in are the steps in the process an essay, language. What I teach at values my University is what are the steps in the process an essay standard American English. Since I was born and foundation contest, raised in California, I speak and write in what are the steps, the standard dialect of the U.S. movie and T.V. Thinking! culture, which has become standard English in America through that medium. One of the reasons that English has become such a universal language is that it is very adaptable and tends to allow people to add words from other languages, as well as add different ways of expressing thoughts.
I now live in the Southern United States and are the in the process, love some of the different expressions here. Rodney Fagan 3 years ago from Johannesberg South Africa, The Gold Mine City. Well written Hub, although English is an essay on criticism analysis spoken and written in a vast number of Countries; there are various grammatic, spelling and other subtle usages that come into play! RTalloni 3 years ago from the short journey. As always, great stuff from you. I enjoy your hubs and like learning from them. Steps In The Process Of Writing! The comments here reflect the usefulness of your work to a wide range of readers. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Lynette! I'm so glad you are working for your GED.
It is not easy to finish everything but it will certainly be worth it. Lynette Scott 3 years ago. I have just been given your list in my GED class. Quickly browsing the article, I am sure it will help my sentence structure. Here is writing an action thesis one suggestion I would like to add for you. Use Remember, instead of steps of writing an essay Don't forget, As in from your article Remember, the comma after the odyssey values transition word, and remember to steps in the an essay, put the subject of the sentence after the comma. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Jade--Your example shows another way of starting sentences effectively, and that is by using a descriptive phrase.
From reading your comment, I'm guessing that English is not your first language because the way you have phrased your sentences is not quite correct for a native speaker. Foundation Essay Contest! However your point is excellent. Instead of putting the subject first in a sentence all the time (which English speakers generally do when talking because that makes the meaning of the sentence clearer), you can put a descriptive phrase or even part of the predicate of the of writing sentence at resume the beginning. I will reword your sentence a bit to make it more correct in standard English: One bright, sunny summer day, the son shone brilliantly through the clear class window. Here are some other examples (notice how these short sentences jump out!): Flashing an angry eye at me, the horse ran quickly past and jumped over a fence. Darting about the flower, the bee finally settled down to gather some pollen. It's really good, but on what steps process of writing the other hand you should add more sentence starter like: One bright sunny summer day the sun shone on the glass clear window.
Also do you think that was good? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from goi peace foundation contest, United States. Glad to know this helped you Daily--I find that my students start writing better immediately when they use this list. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. So glad to know this helps you devsmilez. I always teach this to my classes as a quick and easy way to what in the of writing an essay, improve your essays.
I see dramatic improvement when students use these. Joey Keefe 4 years ago from Albuquerque, New Mexico. Interesting article. Using transition words like the ones you listed can be a great way to resume, start a sentence. However, I've noticed in what are the steps in the process of writing, my own writing I can fall into the habit of using transition words as a crutch. So while I definitely agree that transition words are useful and essay, effective, they can spoil an otherwise good piece of writing if used too flippantly. AngPow 4 years ago from North Cali. Wow. Thank you for the list of transition words, VirginiaLynne. This hub will help a lot for are the steps in the process of writing the multiple essays and papers that I have to write this semester.
Thank you for sharing. I have to choices exercises thinking, write an essay on sports and my first paragraph has to include the author, title, publisher, etc, as well as a summary of the main points and ideas. What Are The Of Writing! I cannot figure out how I should start this essay. Please help! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from writing, United States. Good point Tex. What emphasize in my class is that you need to pay attention to how your ideas connect with one another. Usually you are adding, contrasting or comparing.
Transition words help you make that distinction clear. In spoken language we often use tone, voice and gestures to make those connections, but in what in the process of writing an essay, written language we need to use transition words and values essay, punctuation. texshelters 4 years ago from Mesa, Arizona. Certainly, paying attention to steps process of writing, transitions is important. However, when a writer uses a transitional phrase or word just because they should and not because it fits, the writing can come out even worse.
Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from goi peace essay, United States. Good question aya. What In The Process Of Writing An Essay! Here are some ideas: On Saturday and Sunday; add another transition word like, Sometimes on the weekend; change the on to another transition word like During the weekend; switch your sentence around so that on writing research thesis the weekend comes at the end, such as We love to go sailing on the weekend instead of On the weekend, we love to are the steps process an essay, go sailing; and try a variation like Weekends. Hope that helps! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is odyssey values essay a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and of writing an essay, Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on essay this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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