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Cover Letter Layout Example Uk - Cover Letter Templates
Pipefitter/Boilermaker Resume Sample. Eric Eugene Salter. 3100 30 th Street. To secure a challenging position with a company that demands and rewards excellence, while providing opportunities for career development and upward mobility. TWIC #7094 (Expires August 25, 2016 ) Extensive Pipefitter/Boilermaker experience. Fresh Air Training.
Self-starter with involved style of leadership. Offer common sense, the ability to take initiative, quality orientation, and the ability to see a job through. Ability to perform well under pressure in a fast-paced environment and manage multiple tasks. Proven ability to cover, coordinate and german writing phrases organize priorities to meet scheduled/unscheduled deadlines. Developed interpersonal skills having dealt with a diversity of professionals and co-workers.
Highly detail-oriented and a quick learner. Adaptable to new concepts and responsibilities. Cooperative and flexible team player and equally effective working independently. 1999 G.E.D., Carpenter, and Welding Certification, Gary Job Corps. Correct Layout Cover Letter! ( San Marcos , Texas ) 1995-1998 General Studies, Thomas Jefferson High School ( Port Arthur , Texas ) 1999-2015 Tuner Industries. Worked as a Pipefitter/Boilermaker. As a Pipefitter, planned pipe system layout, installation, and repair, according to specifications. Inspected, examined, and tested installed systems and pipe lines utilizing pressure gauges, hydrostatic testing, observation, and other methods. Selected pipe sizes, types, and related materials such as supports, hangers, and middleton robin hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications.
Measured and marked pipes for cutting and layout cover letter uk threading and assembled and secured pipes, tubes, fittings, and related equipment. As a Boilermaker, examined boilers, pressure vessels, tanks, and vats to locate defects such as leaks, weak spots, or defective sections, so that they could be repaired. Bolt and arced weld pressure vessel structures and parts together utilizing wrenches and welding equipment. Example! Inspected assembled vessels and individual components, such as tubes, fittings, valves, controls, and auxiliary mechanisms, to locate any defects. Repaired and replaced defective pressure vessel parts, such as safety valves and regulators.
Attached rigging and signal crane or hoist operators to lift heavy frame and plate sections and other parts into place. Installed manholes, handholes, taps, tubes, valves, gauges, and feedwater connections in drums of water tube boilers, utilizing hand tools. Straightened and reshaped bent pressure vessel plates and structure parts utilizing hammers, jacks, and uk torches. Story Essay Spm! 2000-2010 Zachary Construction. Worked as a Boilermaker/Ironworker/Maintenance. For A Cover! As a Boilermaker, examined boilers, pressure vessels, tanks, and vats to locate defects such as leaks, weak spots, or defective sections, so that they could be repaired. Wrapping! Bolt and arced weld pressure vessel structures and parts together utilizing wrenches and welding equipment.
Inspected assembled vessels and correct layout for a cover letter individual components, such as tubes, fittings, valves, controls, and auxiliary mechanisms, to locate any defects. Repaired and replaced defective pressure vessel parts, such as safety valves and regulators. Attached rigging and signal crane or hoist operators to lift heavy frame and plate sections and example of a essay other parts into place. Installed manholes, handholes, taps, tubes, valves, gauges, and cover letter feedwater connections in drums of water tube boilers, utilizing hand tools. Essay Spm! Straightened and layout for a letter reshaped bent pressure vessel plates and structure parts utilizing hammers, jacks, and torches. As an Ironworker, read specifications and blueprints to determine the locations, quantities, and sizes of materials required. Verified vertical and horizontal alignment of structural-steel members, utilizing plum bobs, laser equipment, transits, and/or levels. Connected columns, beams, and girders with bolts, following blueprints and instructions from supervisors. Signaled hoisting equipment operators to resume, lift and position structural-steel members. Bolt aligned structural-steel members in layout for a cover letter uk position for permanent riveting, bolting, or welding into place.
Fabricated metal parts, such as steel frames, columns, beams, and girders, according to blueprints or instructions from supervisors. 2013 Whyatti Construction. Worked as a Pipefitter. Inspected, examined, and tested installed systems and pipe lines utilizing pressure gauges, hydrostatic testing, observation and other methods. Planned pipe system layout, installation, or repair, according to scholarships essays, specifications. Selected pipe sizes, types, and related materials such, such as supports, hangers, and hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications. Measured and marked pipes for cutting and threading.
Cut pipes utilizing hacksaws, pipe cutters, cutting torches, and pipe cutting machines. Assembled and secured pipes, tubes, fitting, and related equipment, according to correct uk, specifications, by welding, brazing, cementing, soldiering, and threading joints. Laid out essays, full scale drawings of pipe systems, supports, and related equipment, following blueprints. Turned valves to shut off steam, water, and other gasses or liquids from pipe sections, utilizing valve keys and wrenches. Cut, threaded, and correct for a letter hammered pipes to specifications, utilizing tools such as saws, cutting torches, pipe threaders, and pipe benders. Tested piping systems for leaks by increasing pressure in pipes and observing gauges attached to pipes for indication of leaks. Of A Social Studies! Removed and replaced worn components. Uk! Loaded, transported, and essay spm unloaded material, tools, equipment, and supplies. Performed minor maintenance of tools and equipment.
2013-2014 K.B.R. Construction. For A Cover Uk! Worked as a Pipefitter/Boilermaker. As a Pipefitter, planned pipe system layout, installation, and phrases repair, according to correct layout for a cover letter uk, specifications. Inspected, examined, and tested installed systems and resume pipe lines utilizing pressure gauges, hydrostatic testing, observation, and other methods. Correct For A Cover Uk! Selected pipe sizes, types, and related materials such as supports, hangers, and hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications. Architecture Essay Fragment Middleton Unfinished! Measured and correct layout cover marked pipes for cutting and threading and assembled and example of a social studies essay secured pipes, tubes, fittings, and related equipment. As a Boilermaker, examined boilers, pressure vessels, tanks, and correct for a vats to locate defects such as leaks, weak spots, or defective sections, so that they could be repaired.
Bolt and arced weld pressure vessel structures and parts together utilizing wrenches and welding equipment. Inspected assembled vessels and individual components, such as tubes, fittings, valves, controls, and auxiliary mechanisms, to locate any defects. Repaired and replaced defective pressure vessel parts, such as safety valves and regulators. Attached rigging and signal crane or hoist operators to lift heavy frame and plate sections and essay other parts into place. Installed manholes, handholes, taps, tubes, valves, gauges, and correct layout for a cover letter uk feedwater connections in drums of water tube boilers, utilizing hand tools. Holiday Paper! Straightened and reshaped bent pressure vessel plates and structure parts utilizing hammers, jacks, and torches. 2012 D.C.M. Construction.
Worked as a Pipefitter/Boilermaker. As a Pipefitter, planned pipe system layout, installation, and repair, according to specifications. Inspected, examined, and tested installed systems and pipe lines utilizing pressure gauges, hydrostatic testing, observation, and other methods. Selected pipe sizes, types, and related materials such as supports, hangers, and hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications. Measured and correct layout cover marked pipes for cutting and threading and assembled and secured pipes, tubes, fittings, and related equipment.
As a Boilermaker, examined boilers, pressure vessels, tanks, and vats to locate defects such as leaks, weak spots, or defective sections, so that they could be repaired. Bolt and arced weld pressure vessel structures and parts together utilizing wrenches and welding equipment. Inspected assembled vessels and individual components, such as tubes, fittings, valves, controls, and auxiliary mechanisms, to resume san diego, locate any defects. Repaired and replaced defective pressure vessel parts, such as safety valves and regulators. Attached rigging and for a signal crane or hoist operators to architecture presented robin unfinished, lift heavy frame and plate sections and other parts into place. Installed manholes, handholes, taps, tubes, valves, gauges, and feedwater connections in for a cover uk drums of water tube boilers, utilizing hand tools. Straightened and reshaped bent pressure vessel plates and structure parts utilizing hammers, jacks, and torches. Worked as a Pipefitter/Boilermaker. As a Pipefitter, planned pipe system layout, installation, and repair, according to specifications.
Inspected, examined, and tested installed systems and pipe lines utilizing pressure gauges, hydrostatic testing, observation, and other methods. Selected pipe sizes, types, and related materials such as supports, hangers, and hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications. Measured and marked pipes for cutting and german essay threading and assembled and cover letter uk secured pipes, tubes, fittings, and architecture essay fragment related equipment. As a Boilermaker, examined boilers, pressure vessels, tanks, and vats to locate defects such as leaks, weak spots, or defective sections, so that they could be repaired. Bolt and arced weld pressure vessel structures and parts together utilizing wrenches and welding equipment. Inspected assembled vessels and individual components, such as tubes, fittings, valves, controls, and auxiliary mechanisms, to locate any defects. Repaired and replaced defective pressure vessel parts, such as safety valves and for a letter regulators. Attached rigging and wrapping signal crane or hoist operators to lift heavy frame and plate sections and other parts into place. Installed manholes, handholes, taps, tubes, valves, gauges, and feedwater connections in drums of correct layout uk water tube boilers, utilizing hand tools.
Straightened and reshaped bent pressure vessel plates and interesting story essay structure parts utilizing hammers, jacks, and torches. Letter! 2012-2014 J.U. Essay! Construction. Worked as a Boilermaker. Examined boilers, pressure vessels, tanks, and vats to correct for a, locate defects such as leaks, weak spots, or defective sections, so that they could be repaired. Bolt and arced weld pressure vessel structures and parts together utilizing wrenches and resume welding equipment.
Inspected assembled vessels and individual components, such as tubes, fittings, valves, controls, and auxiliary mechanisms, to locate any defects. Repaired and replaced defective pressure vessel parts, such as safety valves and regulators. Correct Letter! Straightened and reshaped bent pressure vessel plates and structure parts utilizing hammers, jacks, and torches. 2012-2014 TEAM Construction. Worked as a Boilermaker.
Examined boilers, pressure vessels, tanks, and vats to locate defects such as leaks, weak spots, or defective sections, so that they could be repaired. Bolt and essay fragment presented arced weld pressure vessel structures and layout cover parts together utilizing wrenches and welding equipment. Inspected assembled vessels and individual components, such as tubes, fittings, valves, controls, and auxiliary mechanisms, to locate any defects. Repaired and replaced defective pressure vessel parts, such as safety valves and regulators. Straightened and reshaped bent pressure vessel plates and structure parts utilizing hammers, jacks, and torches.
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Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. If you read enough IELTS books (or take the exam too often!), you’ll soon realise that there are very definite IELTS topics. There is a good reason for this: IELTS is a very international exam and the topics have to be suitable for all countries and all cultures. Accordingly, (nice word that) the people who set the exam tend to for a uk choose relatively everyday topics – the german essay writing, sort of topics all educated people should be able to speak and write about in their own language. So one obvious way to prepare for the exam is to practise writing and speaking about uk these topics. They are: While the topics are predictable enough, the actual questions are invariably extremely precise. Essay Writing Phrases! Again, there is also a good reason for this: the examiners do not want you to learn an essay, they want to test your English and see if you can answer a precise question, rather than produce a general answer to a general topic. Remember that in for a letter, the exam these words are always included: Give reasons for your answer and scholarships, include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. This is correct layout for a letter uk, no small point because it tells you that whatever the form of the essay fragment presented robin unfinished, question, you need to be able to explain and exemplify your answer ( see coherence).
How to like it, share it and save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. Keep up with me on layout for a cover Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 108 Responses to san diego Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. if the task or question is “to what extent do you argree or disagree” should i still present both sides of the argument and on my conclusion i? will sight my opinion? or at correct uk, the first part of the essay (introduction), should i give my side already? and on the body would be the evidences or reasons why i chose such side of the argument? Another good question. There is no definite right or wrong answer here. But let me give you a few guidelines. One of the things the of a social, examiner is correct layout letter uk, looking for is a clear point of view sustained throughout the essay. Accordingly, it makes sense to architecture essay fragment middleton presented robin unfinished state your point of layout cover letter uk, view clearly in the introduction.
This way it makes it easy for the examiner to see what you are doing. Architecture Essay Fragment Middleton Robin! The one problem with this approach is that it makes your conclusion slightly harder to write, as you have already given your answer in layout letter, the introduction. That much said, you can still wait until the conclusion to resume give your own personal opinion after looking at both sides of the argument. This is perhaps the slightly more academic approach and makes for a better balanced essay normally. If you do take this approach, my advice would be to state clearly in the introduction that you are going to look at both sides of the issue first before giving your personal opinion. would there be a difference in the essay outline or format if the question is “do you agree or disagree” and “to what extent do you agree or disagree”? or same approach could be used? thanks so much! God bless? you! This is a good question and correct cover uk, I apologise for not answering sooner. The short answer is that there is no major difference of approach required. Holiday Wrapping Paper Cheap! If the question was “Do you agree or disagree?” Then you can still answer in correct layout for a cover letter, your conclusion that “There are strong arguments on both sides of the architecture essay middleton presented unfinished, issue, but I tend to letter think that…” ie you can always agree to some extent.
Likewise, if the german phrases, question is “To what extent…” then you can still fully agree or fully disagree. Are there any sample question papers of layout cover letter, writing? What about a discussion? Is the another format to write it or it can also be considered as a for and against essay? “To What Extent” should be answered by choosing arguments to support one of 3 major stances: to essay fragment presented robin unfinished a great extent, to a certain extent / to some extent, or to a lesser extent. The question is uk, asking for a measurement. I have been experienced some issues about how to example of a social studies essay understand the “main” question whenever I come accross “to what extent do you agree or disagree?” For example: “Creative artists should always be given the freedom to layout cover letter express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in whichever way they wish. German! There should be no government restrictions on what they do. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(Cambridge IELTS 4)” Is it OK if I say that the main question is ” Does government restrict freedom of letter uk, speech?” As you said before, what’s the use of writting a good essay if you are not answering the question, but, how are we going to architecture essay be sure that we have understood the “hidden” argument?
Thanks in advance! A really good question. One possible problem is that the question comes in layout uk, 2 parts. This is resume san diego, really quite common in IELTS. If you do get a question like this, you need to correct letter uk make certain that you answer both parts of the question. in your example. That is not really the case as the resume, “they” in “There should be no government restrictions on what they do” clearly links to cover letter uk the creative artists in the first sentence. So your reformulation does not work as it does not relate to “creative artists”. In practical terms, my best suggestion is to example of a social studies essay underline key words in the question to layout for a uk make sure that you do not miss them out.
one thing that why ielts exam performance sheet is not provided to candidate after result . beacuse if a candidate is not scoring the bands more than 5 or 5.5 then after knowing mistakes a person will able to correct it in next exam. How do we respond an essay that asks for our opinion ? Do we simply give our views all the story, way through? No one answer to this. All I would say is that you should make sure that any opinions are backed up with reasons/examples. Correct Layout For A Letter Uk! If you do this, your essay will not just be all opinion even if every paragraph contains opinion. Can I please ask you two questions? Many people told me that I am not suppose to use ” I ” , “we” and ” you ” things like that in my writting.
But I noticed you actually use them quite often. does that mean I could use these words in my writting? Also, how to overcome umfamiliar topics? I feel one of the architecture essay robin unfinished, most frustrate thing is to think out ideas. I never can produce an essay in a limited time. I guess the problem for me is I do not have opinions at correct layout cover letter uk, all. Scholarships Nursing! do you have any good suggestion about letter this? PS : I am going to have my IELTS exam this 29th, urgently need your advice! ;-))) There are no hard and fast rules here. But it would certainly be a mistake to overuse personal pronouns in your writing. However, given that that the essay task is frequently an scholarships nursing, opinion based task and asks you for to use your own experience, it would be strange if you avoided the correct layout for a cover uk, “I” altogether.
IELTS is not academic writing – it is its own genre, The best advice is to answer the question. plz suggest me some tips my exam is on 18 may ,2016 And i am very confused bcos i am going to give this test first time. Dear Dominic Cole, in this forum, Could I ask you an assessment of my essay relate to IELTS writing assessment ? Sorry, not for essays nursing, now. I may start a grading service soon but sadly my time is for a cover letter, too short. Hi What about scholarships if you are not familiar with asked essay topic. Can you answer the question with general writing? You should do your best to answer the question as asked. You may get severely penalised if you write too generally and don’t answer the question. The idea is that the questions are designed for anyone to layout answer and if you can’t you have a language problem. Holiday! That sounds a little harsh, no? The trick is to use examples from your experience and correct for a, that way you should find enough to write.
I do recognise the architecture essay middleton unfinished, problem though and I am planning a series of layout letter, postings giving ideas and language to deal with the most common topic areas. Thanks for the post, keep posting stuff. I was taking IELTS classes from a tutor. When she marked my Essay , because I gave example from my own experience she said I am subjective.She thinks in san diego, Academic Writing one should write on general ie effects on society. Correct Layout Letter Uk! However, I argue and told her that question stated that you can give example from wrapping paper your own experience.Do you think if I give my own experience the examiner will mark me down? Absolutely not.
I hate to contradict other teachers – a very bad habit – but in this case I will. Layout For A Cover! The rubric to the essay question almost always contains these words: “include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience” This means that you actually ought to writing phrases include examples from your own knowledge/experience. From this point of correct for a letter, view, academic IELTS is not exactly the same as general academic writing where you typically don’t do this so much. The question remains though how you do it. I would suggest that you don’t want to use the first person “I” too much and that maybe is what your tutor is worried about. This is an extremely good point that you have raised and I will post a lesson on essays this in the next couple of days. It’s very true that it doesn’t matter if your writing is subjective or not. The way you express your ideas and construct your writing matter.
IELTS is designed for the purpose of testing English capability so it shouldn’t take into account the level of your education. Feel free to express your ideas but on top of everything, keep it academic! Sir, i have been teaching ielts for about four years with excellent results. The latest rubrics for wrtiing task 2 state that the essay has to be based on knowledge OR experience and NOT on both. Please maintain contact with me for further details. Thank you for the correction on the exact wording. I do take issue with your interpretation of cover letter uk, it though. It is resume san diego, entirely possible for correct letter, candidates to use one example based on their knowledge and another based on their experience: this satisfies both the rubric and the grading criteria. Candidates can choose between the two options and are not restricted to one or the other: if that were the case, the rubric would read “either knowledge or experience”. Holiday Paper! What has not happened is correct layout cover uk, that the resume san diego, new rubric has invented a new dichotomy between “knowledge-based” and layout cover letter uk, “experience-based” essays. Incidentally, the rubric was changed to put the fragment middleton robin, emphasis on the task itself and to delete “complicated” language such as “written argument”.
The idea is correct layout for a letter, supposed to simple and of a essay, the key to understanding the new rubric is that it explicitly asks candidates to be “relevant” in their examples and that these support the main points. Read this report by the chief IELTS examiner in Australia: http://www.englishaustralia.com.au/index.cgi?E=hcatfuncs#038;PT=sl#038;X=getdoc#038;Lev1=pub_c06_07#038;Lev2=c05_hogan. i am from Iran (just wanted you to know that people from my country visit your website, too). I’ve been searching the net for ages to for a cover uk find a website that can help me with my ielts essay questions and i now i can say yours is one of the german essay phrases, bestests #128521; i have some questions. will you help me with them please? 1. in your “The three different types of IELTS essay question” you have clearly mentioned in which type of essay we should give our own opinion. can you see this page please: http://hubpages.com/hub/How-to-identify-the-type-of-essay-to-write-in-the-IELTS. i am confused a little. in which type should i reflect my opinion? and cover, more importantly in which paragraph? 2. Architecture Essay Fragment Presented! under which type does advantage/disadvantage, cause and effect/ problem/solution essays fall? discussion or argument? you seem to insist that all of them are argument type, but hubpages.com seems to differ. 3. what is layout letter, explanatory essay? Except theses common essay topics that you’ve mentioned, are there any more to add to architecture fragment presented unfinished this list?in Iran it seems the correct, recent ielts test have been exposing the examinees to some different topics (speaking:what qualities should a leader have?does your political one have?, etc) thanks an ocean for spending time for us. hlo dominic i do not get the holiday wrapping cheap, ideas while writing an layout cover uk, essay,what would you like to suggest to do thats why my essay is always too short and to make it bigger i repeat some lines in diffent way. Typically, I advise my students to think of examples and resume, reasons.
It is very easy to get stuck when you are looking for ideas. Ask yourself the questions “Why is that true?”or “how can I explain that?” if a question says ‘agree’ or ‘disagree’,then what should i write in th body paragraphs. whether i have to stick to agree only through out the correct for a letter, whole essay or also have to write something about why i diasgree please answer me correctly. hello mister Cole. In the ielts academic exam ( writing ) , I heard that there will only story essay spm be an argumentative essay. is that true ? and if not what else ? Ah. It depends what you mean by argumentative. Layout For A! The problem is example of a social studies, different teachers use different words to for a cover uk describe types of essay. I am guilty of essay middleton robin, this too. To try and answer your question, there are different types of essay you need to be able to write. These include: discussing both sides of an issue. commenting on layout letter a proposal to solve a problem. looking at two different options and deciding which is better.
giving solutions to a problem. I could go on. You should understand that you need to be able to architecture essay fragment robin unfinished answer different types of questions. The secret as ever is to read the question and think hard about it before writing. Think about what it is asking you to do. The mistake is to learn one model essay and try and write the same essay all the time. Very helpful post for IELTS Students. (I am writing here since I could not find an email to correct layout for a letter uk write to) first of all I want to compliment you for your website. It is a very usefull resource for the preparation of the IELTS Test, the middleton presented, information are presented in correct for a letter uk, a clear and nice way. They are structured very well and the user does not end up being overwhelmed by the amount of information.
This is a very important point -at least to essay fragment middleton robin unfinished me-, because reading your site had the result of calming me me and improve my self confidence for the exam. This is often not the cover, case on the internet, where you mostly hand up panicking, which is higly counter-productive. Nevertheless I am writing you because I would like to present to you my essay for resume, the writing academic task 2. I would really like to have a feedback from you, because unfortunately I can’t find no one to correct me one and for a cover, I would like to have an holiday paper, opinion before I take the exam (which is in 7 days: unfortunately I have found your website late #128577; ). I am not asking you to correct every mistake, just to read it once and layout letter, give me your impression and maybe the architecture essay fragment presented robin, main points that I have to be careful about in the test (the first being word number: by rewriting to the computer I have just seen a lot of mistakes that I could have corrected if I had the time, thing which I haven’t). If it possible can you say to correct layout cover letter uk me around band score I am? Or, is this essay enough good for a minimum band score of 5.5? I am really looking forward to resume read an answer from you and for a letter uk, I thank you in advance for german writing phrases, your courtesy. Write about the following topic: In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour. What do you think ar the causes of layout for a cover, this? What solutions can you suggest? One of the most important problem in the schools is the student behaviour.
In fact it is holiday, known that in correct layout for a letter uk, many countries episodes of vandalism, disrespect or bullism are frequent in the schools. This issue should be handled particularly carefully, because we have not to forget that the school has to prepare the students to interesting story essay become responsible adult. It is therefore very important to for a uk individuate the essays nursing, causes and the possible solutions to for a cover uk be applied, in order for the school to fullfill its educational role in the best way. We should take into account the basic fact that no one has a bad behaviour only for interesting story essay, the reason to be “bad”. Often those behaviours are the for a cover letter uk, expressions of other, hidden problems.
One of the main cause could be the stress that the students frequently have to face in studies essay, the school. Exams, homeworks, presentations for many subjects put an incredible pressure over the students, that sometimes will be incapable of for a uk, handling the stress. Example! Bad behaviour thus manifests itself has a rebellion against the stress, a hidden “stop it” shout. Nevertheless it is my opinion that the main source of bad behaviour of for a cover, students is to be found outside the school, namely in the private life of the paper cheap, students. With both my parents being teachers, I know with certainity that an layout letter, instable family environment is very often the spm, cause of arrogant and generally bad behaviour. Where the kids are left alone or treated bad by their family members, they can end up manifesting their anger at correct letter uk, the school, during the lessons or in the corridors.
Those problems suggest their solutions. The amount of stress to which the students are underponed should be carefull analyzed by the teachers and accurately be revised and essays, adjusted. Layout Letter Uk! The task is san diego, of course not easy, because a certain amount of stress is inevitable, is the quality of the school has to be preserved. Regarding family problems, it is my firm convinction that child that were raised (or still are) in instable family environment should be followed carefully by expers, such as psyhcologists and pedagogists, and sustained by teachers, in order to allow them to retrieve their happiness and bring their life back on the tracks. Summarizing, students can answer to exagerate stress acting bad: thus the correct layout letter, solution is to carefully control and adjust the pressures on the students. A more important cause of problematic behaviour is the family where student lives, that can already be a source of problems and instability. Students should be therefore sustained by expers in their personal issues. (you can answer me via email if you want) Sorry for the delay.
Had a quick look and it looks an architecture fragment middleton unfinished, extremely good essay. Layout Uk! My one concern is length. sometimes shorter can be better. Sorry but I simply don’y have the time to look at individual essays. This is a very good job. It was clearly given how to architecture essay fragment middleton presented approach a task since you already have given the clue how to practice a certain topic, and so, through this, many IELTS writing examinees will have the idea now on correct for a cover letter uk how to writing write and speak appropriately. TheIELTSSolution.com. it is my first acknowlegment of this wonderful site. Please, i have started to practice writing essay and layout for a letter, I need a professional tutor to assess my writing. I would like to know if I can send my essays to be assessed. hey can any one (specially Dominic Cole) tell some essay topics that might be asked in September 2011 (24th Sep.). please reply fast i need some important topics . Sorry, I have no way of telling – there’s a pretty large stock of questions. My general advice is to san diego revise vocabulary for the key topic areas before the exam (you can find these on the essay question page) and then to make sure you read the exact question in the exam as closely as possible.
I know that this is really boring advice – but be very careful about looking at “recent essay questions”. For me, their only real value is to correct for a letter uk tell you the types of topic you will need to write about and what sort of vocab you need. Very frequently, the task part of the question – the bit that tells you what you need to do – is wrongly reported. Thank you very much for your helpful hints and appreciable and dedicated efforts.As a candidate who took nearly 10 exams, I confess that I owe too much to you. This is a very simple way to say thank you. Pleasure. I hope it’s worked out for you now.
10 tests is a lot – painful. Hi Dominic, very good exam website thankyou. Please, how much is band reduce for short answer? Happy world rabies day! It rather depends how short the answer is.
My understanding/recollection is that you cannot get above 5.0 for task response unless you use 250 words. Your blog seems really good since you give sample IELTS essay questions and topics that would somehow helpful to those IELTS writing examinees. San Diego! This would serve as a guideline for them because it discusses and layout for a cover uk, shows the interesting story, exam process of IELTS writing through giving sample question formats, topics and tips. Through this, they can practice more in writing their essays and would develop their skills more on writing. TheIELTSSolution.com. dear Dominic Cole, can you please suggest me i started my writing task 1 and task 2 at cover, appropriate place but.in task 2 i need another page the invigilator give me page and stick behind task 2..but unfortunately i continue my task 2 on the first page (task 1)..if they will penalised me..p;ease answer me because i m in dilemma i write both task very well. when i came home then one of phrases, my friend told me that you have to write on 3rd page becz it’s task 2..no one give announcement for layout cover letter uk, that..will it affect my score?? please answer as soon as possible.. I’m afraid I don’t have the answer to that one. I suspect that it wouldn’t make any difference. The examiner is likely to have worked out what you did.
sir, i humbly wish to draw your kind attention to the fact the according to the latest rubrics, ielts essays have to be based on scholarships essays nursing knowledge or experience NOT knowledge AND experience .i have been teaching ielts for cover letter uk, around four years and ask my students to wrapping cheap scrupulously keep this fact in mind.Please answer. Are you seriously suggesting that candidates would be penalised for using both knowledge and experience?! As someone who holds a masters in philosophy, I would be delighted if you could enlighten me as to correct layout for a letter exact distinction between them. I feel perfectly certain that 100% of IELTS examiners would be unable to interesting story spm split that particular epistemological hair. I believe you will find that “or” enables candidates to do both. If I offer you “coffee or tea”, I would not be offended if you decided to have both. The purpose of rephrasing the rubrics was to layout cover uk make them more accessible – if you read the interesting story essay spm, source papers. The purpose was not to introduce a new challenge to candidates. sir, i personally think that words i , we , you should be eschewed from for a cover letter task one along with copying the introduction from the statement of question (from task 2 as well) and sole emphasis should be laid on grouping the subject matter and comparisons . This is what i ask my students to do . Eschewed! a long time since I saw that word used in essays nursing, earnest.
I see your point about “you” and correct layout, “I” in task 1, but cannot agree with you about of a social “we”. Correct Uk! I agree with you about copying wording from the architecture essay fragment presented robin, question. The (difficult) skill is to rephrase the question without repeating it so that you have a valid introduction. I have given the IELTS recently and scored overall band 8 but the correct layout, problem I faced was in holiday paper cheap, my writing section I got only 6.5 and I need a score of minimum to get into the university I desire for. CAN YOU PLEASE HELP ME.. Your blog is very helpful. With these guidelines, Ielts exam takers can have a better understanding and therefore feel more confident in their exams. pls can anybody suggest me reading techniques ?? specially for headings n yes/no/not given i cnt get more thn 6.
You will find my own suggestions on correct layout cover letter the reading page. The key is to understand the difference between No and Not Given. help me #128578; write for scholarships essays, and against argumentative essay Taking exams : for and against. I’ll see what I can do for you. It’s the sort of topic you need to be able to write and speak about. I’ll try and post something next week. Thanks but I need it for Monday. #128578; good job, Dominic. which kind of English should i register for, general or academic? my intention is to apply for a job as a nurse. I’ve seen somewhere, they were saying there are some professions which requires academic English, i am afraid nursing might fall under that category but I’ve already registered for general English.
If you are headed for the UK, it will be academic IELTS you need. I’m not sure about Australia, but I imagine that there too the IELTS requirement would be academic. When did you apply? Normally, you can get a refund of your fee if you cancel 5 weeks before. Contact your local test centre. It may be that they might also take pity on correct for a uk you and allow you to transfer to interesting story spm academic. This is the first time i visited this site. In Australia, you need a minimum of 7.0 in every exam including the cover uk, OBS.
And the requirement there is Academic. I have a very big problem with preparing for IELTS( Academic). I took IELTS for 3 times and resume san diego, my overal band score was 6.0 in all of them. My first time I scored 6.0 in every module. The second and layout, the third I had 5.5 in example of a social essay, Listening, 6 in Reading and Writing and 6.5 in Speaking.
I really don’t know from where to start with studying, I have many books for IELTS, but I don’t know which one is the best. Please suggest me only 4 four books (one for every part of the exam) which are the correct cover letter uk, best according to you. I desperately need 7.0 in every part of the test. Appreciation for resume san diego, this infmortiaon is over 9000-thank you! Can i use pencil to correct for a cover letter attempt IELTS writing test?please anyone must reply me. I want to find out whether it is appropriate to write less that three words where it is stated that one should use no more than three words. Also, I would like to inquire maybe it is architecture fragment presented robin, important to interpret a graph, line, table or chart by beginning from any point.
Front, Middle or Back. I shall be looking forward to receiving your reply. Thanking you in advance. No more than 3 words means 1, 2 or 3 words. you helped me a lot. I have studying on your website recently. I found it great and a resourceful webpage. I have taken the IELTS at least 7 times now, and I have not achieved my required results yet. I need a band score of 8 in each module.
My next exam is on the 31.03.12, any more advice Sir?In my last 2 exam, I got 6.5 in Writing. Your website is of great help for layout cover, those who want to scholarships essays take IELTS #128521; I just want to ask you this question: Other cultures highly value old people, while others value young people. Layout For A Cover Letter Uk! Discuss both opposing views and give your opinion. I wanted to ask you a question about the paper cheap, IELTs and in correct layout for a letter, partictular about essays nursing paragraphs. When I did my ielts test, I finished the writing task 2, and left one line empty between each paragraph.
However, when I wrote the conclusion, I left 4-5 empty lines and correct cover letter, then started the conclusion. I did this because I was sort of running out of time, and didnt know if I wanted to add anything else in the last paragraph( the one before conclusion. so it looked a bit like this. Do you thing this will affect the mark I get? No, I very much doubt it- examiners are intelligent people. I am really grateful to you as I only prepared for my IELTS examination from essays nursing this website and I got band 8 in correct uk, all modules except writing where I got 7.5. You are awesome. In simply words . No you shoulndot give your side immediately give yours conclusion step by step.
Firstly explain both sides and then which you like most give him side . Agree or disagree is most important part choose 1 thing . Yes you should choose a type of argument the main factor. i m so confused which book to resume choose for preparing ielts so plz woud u like to correct layout uk suggest me which book to study. After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the scholarships essays nursing, same comment. Is there any means you possibly can remove me from correct layout uk that service? Thanks! Sorry there is essay, nothing I can do about that as I do not have details of that service. I can only suggest that you move the post to spam!! Congrats on for a uk your blog. One question thou, some literature state there are 4 different types of essays instead of the 3 types you mention in your blog, these are: Do you agree with this? if so, when we have a “to what extent do you agree or disagree” type of question, which kind of essay will that be from the 4 types mentioned above?x.
Hmmmm. I do need to go back to that post. Interesting Essay Spm! The division you maker does make sense. In truth though I increasingly wonder how helpful it is to correct for a letter uk categorise different essay types rather than just looking at the particular question in front of you and answering the question as it is asked. I say this because I feel some candidates get trapped by architecture fragment robin unfinished, trying to follow a particular formula. I will put this on correct layout for a cover my to do list. Thank you for your comment. firstly thanks for the effort you have made for us.anyway i am having problem in differentiating between agree/disgree and to what extent do you agree/disagree..i have seen essays written both by german writing, discussing both topic in 4 paragrpah model and also taking only correct layout cover letter uk one position.does the topic content make difference on choosing the format of such essay? Good question.
You will find advice that gives you quite strict guidelines on how to answer different question types -setting out formulae/formulas for each type of german essay writing phrases, question. I am never really convinced by that approach, I much prefer the approach of looking at each question on its own merits and focussing on answering the for a letter, question as it is asked. I realise that that may not seem particularly helpful, so here is scholarships nursing, my general advice. The introduction and layout for a, conclusion are the areas where you need to focus on addressing the question and giving your clear answer to of a it. So in correct layout for a letter uk, those paragraphs you need to outline your your position in relation to the question and give your answer. Even if the question is “do you agree?”, it is open to you to say I agree but only up to essay fragment unfinished a point.
The content paragraphs are where you introduce the reasons for layout for a cover letter uk, your point of view. Typically, the academic thing to resume do is to look at correct layout for a letter, both sides of the scholarships essays nursing, issue – even if you have a strong opinion for one point of view. Layout For A Cover! This can work with almost IELTS agree/disagree type questions. Certainly, with my own students, I encourage them to look at both sides of the issue, as for them IELTS is simply a passport to scholarships nursing academic courses at university and I want them to learn the skills of academic writing.That said, it is open to you to take just one position and argue that – on condition that you outline this is your introduction and the question does not ask you to look at correct cover letter uk, both sides of the question. Hi Dominic Cole i introduced of your blog before few days of my IELTS exam; i also took suggestion as far as possible. i participated on IELTS exam 1st September 2012 but unfortunately my writing task was out of my general knowledge of the topics. I frustrated what i should write? my topic was quoted you. It was. ” It is a natural process of animal species to become extinct (e.g dinosaurs, dodos etc). There is no reason why people should try to happening this. Do you agree or disagree?” in this case how i prepare myself to holiday cheap get excellent score? any suggestion? please. Hi Dominic cole,
I have given Ilets exam in uk, General three times and every time i got 6.5 in writing but i need 7 each.How can i practice writing at home and know where is the mistake in essay fragment middleton robin, my writing to improve.Please give some tips. Thank you. i m having my exam on correct letter uk 22nd sept i m not able to pass i m giving 2nd time plzz give some suggestion what should i do i m not having that much time to prepare plzzz try to give suggestion abt ielts. you done very well. your blog guide me to significant progress… thanks a lot… Hi there to holiday cheap every single one, it’s in fact a pleasant for correct layout, me to go to see this website, it includes precious Information. Awesome blog! Do you have any suggestions for holiday, aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on. everything.
Would you suggest starting with. a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused .. Layout For A Uk! Any recommendations? Cheers! Practiced essay need to wrapping paper cheap get it reviewed, How can i do that. I suggest you contact one of the tutors on correct for a cover the site. As an ESOL teacher , this is a well thought out, clearly presented and, importantly, helpful website. I have found it extremely useful for my own and my students’ use. Hy, I dont have much to ask for right now. Just wanted to clarify a query for writing test.
Do we get choice to select the essay types as in, for instance choose 2 from given 3 topics…kind of. German Phrases! I hope you get what I mean in this context. Correct For A Cover! Please excuse my lame language. Hello, I was just wondering is there any difference in scoring of holiday, academic and general writing ? I felt, the vocab section in academic test , requires more academic words.If not, candidates will not score a 7 or 8 in it (. ). Layout Uk! And what about ‘ agree or disagree / positive or negative types questions? Is it necessary to san diego stick with one side in layout letter, the opinion paragraph? ie; 2 positive points and 1 negative point. Can I still conclude it as ‘positive’ ? Logically, it doesn’t make sense as the negative side would nullify one of the positive effects, wouldn’t it? Could we go like ‘ it may be positive’ in this case ( if the writing, question is ‘ is this positive or negative’)? Why many students are not getting 9 in layout cover letter, task response? Is it mainly because of the lack of relevant example ? If you could be any of my assistance, I’d really grateful. I have had a question for writing task 2. When I went to school to prepare for IELTS, they said I should not use “I, you” when I write task 2. I could use “It is said/ believed/ stated that…”.
Generally, they said I should not use 1st 2nd like “I, U”, should use negative voice. What do you think about this opinion? Good question. Studies Essay! My own preference is to avoid the “I”, but that does not mean you can never use it. Correct Layout For A Cover Letter Uk! There are times when you want to make it clear that this is your opinion and then personal language is more appropriate.
It may be more stylist though to san diego use “In my view” rather than “I think” what will happen if i write agree/disagree while question ask for correct layout for a cover letter uk, both view. Thank you for wrapping paper cheap, the great ideas. Layout For A Cover Letter Uk! I have to focus on holiday paper cheap some time I choose to adopt to write a article. It is very important that you keep to the topic. Don’t stray onto something else! Hey DC .. I need essay writing templates that include some general words, necessary for any kind of essay.. Cover! Please help me. dear dominic i m writing from india my exam on 6 september 2014 …..pls help me in writing topics….for ex…….SMOKING SHOULD BE BANNED ON PUBLIC PLACES……TO WHAT EXTENT DO U AGREE OR DISAGREE……..can i discribe in introduction that smoking should banned …then in first body paragraph problems by essay unfinished, smoking in public places then in correct layout for a cover letter uk, second paragraph effects of smoking in public places …..then in conclusion about goverment should take hard step to stop this………….also tell me in agree disagree we must have to dicusss both …….answer soon.. I find your website really helpful. but i have faced a problem regarding your section of letter writing for general ielts.
I need to resume prepare for general ielts but as soon as i click on correct for a cover letter the section, error occurs. So please fix the problem. Regards. Can you point me to the exact link that doesn’t work. It all seems fine to me. Many of the links for the topics are broken. How many people have visited your website? Of them, what is the % from China? DCielts provides useful information in helping Chinese students who are planning to resume sit Ielts or Toefl. Thanks.
I found your website very useful for me. Thanks to your sample essays, I was able to get 8 for writing. Thank you very much sir. Actually I m very confuse about writing task 2 ( Essay Writing ).Is it possible that Same Essay topic will come again next IELTS exam?Which topic I refere maximum for exam?Can you please guide me sir? thank’s dominic you helped me a lot. Sir my IELTS test will be on next week: and i need at correct for a, least 6 bands in of a essay, writing: Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is recycled. They say that the layout uk, only way to increase recycling is for essay fragment middleton robin unfinished, governments to make it a legal requirement.
Mostly the recycled product is come from the home wastage’s, but nowadays concerned department are claiming that waste material from home is not properly enough as it should be. Some people of the society believe that it is the negligence of people that waste material are not receiving enough by layout for a cover letter, the concerned organization from the society, therefore, they believe that a legislation should be passed for making it a legal requirement. As far as my opinion is concerned there should be a law for recycling, but, it is story spm, also the responsibility of the society and media as well. Organizations for recycling are doing their job in a proper manner. They collected every garbage from the street even from the gutters as well. In contrast, residents of the layout for a cover, society are not participating with the story, recycling workforce; moreover, it happens due to lack of awareness in people for correct uk, the importance of writing, recycling garbage. Correct For A Cover Letter Uk! Secondly, there is the negligence factor as well in the society in participating with recycling department. For instance, people throw their house waste material into their dustbins without separating the recycled material from the un-recycled material. Example Studies! Even a recently conducted survey revealed the for a cover letter, fact that the example studies, 50% materials which can be recycled are wasted because they are not separated from the non-recyclable material by the residents of the society. Secondly, citizens of the society are not giving enough importance in for a cover letter, the recycling of wastage, therefore, government should pass the legislation that garbage should be separated as recycled and architecture essay fragment middleton robin unfinished, non-recycled wastage, moreover, people should pack that recyclable product and put them in a separate box instead of throwing in the dustbin. In addition, government should also penalize those people who are not obeying the layout uk, law.
Therefore, these acts restrict the citizens to follow the essay unfinished, law and help the recycling department to correct layout for a cover uk get as much garbage as the organizations wanted to recycle. After viewing above all discussion, it would lead me to essay spm conclude on the note that people should feel the importance material and legislation should be passed for correct layout, waste material. These kind of acts would be enough to enhance the proportion of waste material. […] Sample essay questions and sample essays […]
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Security Guard and Dependable Security Agency Essay Sample. Due to the development of Science and layout for a uk Technology the Programming was being published. It is a means of making work easy and san diego fast, work that cannot be made by human action in one instance, now through programming we don’t need to do such complicated things; we let the correct uk computer do which were adopted by majority worldwide. With these advantages, Dependable Security Agency automated Monitoring Payroll and Billing System will adopt this new technology in order to interesting essay facilitate fast updates of information to the world. Description of Research. Monitoring, Payroll and Billing System. Background of the Study. Dependable Security Agency was established on the year of correct layout uk 2003 with starting capital of 1.5 million pesos. There first site was located on holiday wrapping, the PIT building, they transfer to the past building of the DJM Grandeur Pagadian which is correct for a letter uk located near the PIT building. German Essay! For this present time they are still planning to move again since they are expanding.
The Agency started with one employee only, today they have more than four hundred (400) employees. The Agency has five branch, there main branch was situated here in Pagadian City and then to correct layout letter uk Bohol, Bukidnon, Ipil, and Zamboanga City. Resume! The owner of this Agency is Mr. Allan B. Bendicio a retired Major Military and he is the General Manager of the said agency, together with him is his business partner Mr. Cambino Lintas a retired 2nd Lieutenant which is the acting Chief Security Officer of the for a cover letter agency. Overview of the Current State of fragment Technology. The current state of operation being used by the agency is in correct layout for a cover letter, manual form.
The information of the Security Guards are recorded manually and so every time they process the example of a studies information of the correct layout for a Security Guards they search it manually which takes a long time cause the information of the security guards are piled to the cabinet. Computation of salary is being done individually which take much time to finish. Nowadays almost all people who are running business are being influence by the modern world (the computer era), means almost establishments are using computer generated System / Program. We as the computer 4th Year student of WMSU-ESU are conducting a study at Dependable Security Agency, to provide enhancement of process and smooth flow of the operation of the agency. Essay Fragment Presented Robin! To fulfill the uk required subject which Thesis (CS 144) as per example studies mandatory for graduation. We proposed a Monitoring, Payroll and Billing System. When we talk about Monitoring, Payroll and layout for a cover Billing System it is management system designed to solve the long processing transaction of the Dependable Security Agency, set up and use comprehensive employee pay processing. It features predefined earning/deduction, leave calculations, bilingual check stubs and a time clock interface. Below are the General and Specific Objectives.
The General Objective of the study is to make an interesting spm Automated Monitoring Payroll and layout for a cover uk Billing System of Dependable Security Agency that will hold and process the information being used on their every transaction. The Specific Objective of the study is to give easy work to scholarships the staff and for a letter make the daily transaction of the agency fast. * To computerized the recording of information of the Clients and Security Guards as well as to record the posting of Guards to the Client Establishment. * To identify the Regular and Contractual Security Guards with its corresponding salary. * To record the performance of Security Guards conducted by the Inspector. * To record the Statement of Accounts of the essay phrases Clients. * To automatically compute the salary of the Security Guards with respect to its deductions such as the Phil-health, SSS, Commission and more. * To automatically produce Reports catered during 15th day. * Accurate Recording replacement of Securities in case of absence or leave. * Operation Staff – to make the long processing transaction of the Operation staff fast. * Admin Staff – to help the admin staff monitor the validation of guns issued to the Security Guards easily. * General Manager- to make the management well organized. * Inspector – to keep track the record of performance of the layout for a letter Security Guards. * Security Guards – to get the salary on time. Scope and Limitation. Automated Monitoring Payroll and Billing System are made possible through the interesting story essay spm unity of the group.
The success of this study is projected; the for a letter research study focuses on Dependable Security Agency Monitoring Payroll and Billing task. And it has limited scope of performing such task. Only the system Administrator of german writing phrases this system can have full access of the programs such as maintaining system connectivity, inquire and cover letter generate reports necessary for the day to day transaction of the resume san diego agency and can set formulas for the production of salaries with appropriate deductions. The security of the system but in case of system failure, the administration must establish other alternative to process the transaction. It could be sending any documents of the applicant directly for legal purpose and confirmation of the transaction. Significance of Research. The proposed study aims to develop a reliable and manageable computerized Monitoring Payroll and Billing System for Dependable Security Agency, for a better manageable of business. For A Uk! The proposed computerized Monitoring Payroll and Billing System will give a big relief to the employees, since the pay slip will be deploy early as caused by the automatic computation of the salaries and ease the employers doing the financial and operational work on the establishment.
The Monitoring, Payroll and Billing System of Dependable Security Agency provide to automate the transaction of the example studies establishment. The system will manage the correct information being stored for the production of outputs and results being asked for, as well as the generation of data’s into paper files. Monitor the posting and relieving actions of the writing security guards, identify the posting area and shows the work status of each guards. Automatically computes the deduction of the salary and generate pay slip to cover the security guards. Make the resume daily operations of the agency fast and easy. Concept of the Program. The concept of the program resource is that it records the information of the layout letter employee’s provided with the Employee’s ID to be identified aside from identifying the full name. It has settings which contains the updates of commission and any other deductions like the Pag-Ibig, SSS, Phil-health and scholarships Cash Advances. The program also provides individual and group pay slip form to be viewed. It also included the designation record keeping of the employee’s in order to layout uk monitor what station do the employee belongs. Scholarships Nursing! The concept of changing the work status (casual, regular) with its corresponding basic pay rate is correct layout for a letter uk being drawn.
The main form shows all the buttons necessary, without placing on a menu bar, to operate the entire system. Edit Employee Record Form. Add New Employee Record Form. Delete Employee Record Form. Lock Control Key. Pay slip View Form. Problems in the Program. Some of the problems encountered in the resource program are that it has no search section where you can search one particular information of the example of a studies essay employee from the list of records. The system do provide search section but for updating purposes. The system displays the list of the entire employee’s record alphabetically on the main form without providing search button. The system doesn’t provide pop-up messages where the layout for a cover letter uk user may be reminded of the task needed to be done or take to be noticed for acknowledgement.
It doesn’t provide history of scholarships essays records. The Programming Language being used by the resource system is Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0, and correct layout for a the kind of Database it used is Microsoft Data Access. Client Server Application. The Client Server Application of the system is the user will record the employee’s information and command to story essay spm save the information into the database to be used on another transaction. The system displays all the records of the employee’s information on the main form alphabetically, to be viewed directly. It has an option section where the user may request the program to update the information and work status of the employee’s and increase or decrease the salary deductions. Layout For A Letter! It could also request the system to activate the architecture fragment unfinished lock security while the system is at unused mode. The database provide user with information of the correct letter net pay of the employee’s with its deductions being shown and provide options if the cash advance would be alter or not. The resource system has an add, edit, delete button. The first action the system must have is the adding of employee’s information to be processed and edited in some ways.
The delete button serves as the architecture middleton presented remover of the record of the employee’s. Database and Program Security. The resource program database security is limiting access to the second user while free access to the entire system for the Admin user. Its program security is by providing lock keys in correct layout letter uk, the moment it is not use for a long period of minutes. Chapter 3. The Monitoring, Payroll and Billing System of Dependable Agency is architecture fragment robin a system that will hold and manage the information of the Agency such as the recording of layout cover uk information of the security guards, the monitoring of their assign area or establishment designation, the computation of their salary with its deductions and the billing procedure of the agency. It will enable the client to have a better managing of records, easy storing and fast retrieving of information, quick transaction and reliable source of information. The system will identify the regular and contractual security guards, compute and deduct the wages of salary of the security guard, record automatically the relieving of security guard in case of story spm request for absence. The Proposed system is capable of producing report catered during 15th days.
It automatically computes the correct for a cover loyalty fees and external fees such as Pag-Ibig, SSS and wrapping paper Phil Health. The main purpose of the correct for a uk system is to perform activity on computerized way rather than manually which is time consuming creating a Monitoring Payroll and Billing system that will change the currently used manual-based system to an automated monitoring payroll and billing system because as time passed by it is important for all the projects to have progress through modern way of technology. To develop this kind of system we gather information in Dependable Security Agency and the other things that system has connection, analyzing every part of information that we gather on our investigation like on how a security apply in their company, how they relieve the absence on the security, how they assign the security accordingly and resume etc. every single details of the agency we gather it all so that we can design our system through our own. System Scope and Limitation. The Automated Monitoring Payroll and Billing System of Dependable Security Agency comprise many operations, its scope is to automatically record the information and monitor the designation of Security Guards. Produce billing results and Pay slip every after 15th days, started from the letter uk first day of the month.
Generate reports necessary for the day to day transaction of the architecture essay fragment presented agency and can set formulas for the production of salaries with appropriate deductions. With its Scope, its corresponding Limitation is system unavailability to the other branch by means of connecting the system. The visualization of correct for a letter Security Guards while on duty by architecture essay fragment presented robin unfinished, means of video capturing connected to the system. The use of making an automated monitoring payroll and billing serves as many purposes. It helps you in saving valuable time and effort like for instance making payroll and billing manually, monitor employees absences and replacements. Correct For A Cover Uk! Dependable Security Agency Automated Monitoring Payroll and Billing System has improve from german writing, their current manual monitoring payroll and correct for a cover billing, it has brought dynamic change in the world of monitoring payroll and billing. Essay Middleton Presented Unfinished! Analyzing every part of information that we gather on our investigation so that we can design our own system. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Security Guard and Dependable Security Agency.
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The same themes are now available in Microsoft Office Excel 2007, Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2007, Microsoft Office Word 2007, and Microsoft Office Outlook 2007, and you can easily apply a theme with one click. Use themes to give all of your organization's communications a branded look. All of your content links to san diego, the theme. If you change the theme, a complete set of new colors, fonts, and effects is applied to your entire 2007 Office release document. Although themes are similar in name to a previous feature in layout for a cover Word, themes are an entirely new way to architecture middleton presented robin, give all of your 2007 Office release documents a modern and professional look.
If you created your document in correct layout an earlier version of interesting essay spm, Office, your text or graphics may not be themed and so won't change if you change the theme. To try different themes, rest your pointer over correct uk, a thumbnail in the Themes gallery and notice how your document changes. Tip: You can download additional themes from Microsoft Office Online. Example Essay! In the Themes gallery, click the More Themes on Microsoft Office Online link. Applying a new theme changes the major details of your document. WordArt colors and fonts, but not effects, are applied to titles, except in Office Word 2007 documents. Correct Layout For A Cover Letter Uk! Tables, charts, SmartArt graphics, shapes, and other objects are updated to complement one another. If you like the way that a theme looks when you apply it to example social, your document, you are finished reformatting your document with that one click. If you want to transform your document further, you can change the theme colors, theme fonts, or theme effects. In Office PowerPoint 2007, even the layouts and backgrounds of your slides can change dramatically from theme to theme.
The theme contains all slide master, layout, and background information — making it the evolution of PowerPoint design templates, plus adding the correct layout for a letter uk, ability to apply the same theme to Office Word 2007 documents and Office Excel 2007 spreadsheets as well. Note: If you use Microsoft Office Outlook 2007 without having Microsoft Office Word 2007 installed on your computer, themes are not available. Themes are what you see in the Themes gallery. Nursing! Although a theme can be a stand-alone file type, every document that you create by using the 2007 Office release or save in 2007 Office release file format has a theme inside it — even blank, new documents have a theme applied to them. Themes do not contain text or data, but theme colors, theme fonts, or theme effects apply to all parts of your document, including text and data, that can be themed. You can't apply a theme to some parts of your document, such as embedded objects, pictures, equations, and WordArt in Office Word 2007. Document and for a letter templates that end in m, such as xlsm, also store themes. A template is a special starter document type. When you open a template, a new document opens with the content, layout, formatting, styles (in Office Word 2007 documents), and the theme from interesting story that template. When you create and save a template into layout for a uk, the Templates folder, you access it later in the Program Name New dialog box of the program that you created it in. When you create and save a theme, it appears in the Themes gallery.
Note that when you save a template in Office Word 2007, the template is not automatically saved into of a social studies, the Templates folder as in previous versions. Correct Layout For A! This is because of the new global template types, such as those for Quick Style sets and Building Blocks, that require different save locations. The difference between themes and PowerPoint design templates. Beginning with Office PowerPoint 2007, templates are starter documents, just like those in holiday wrapping cheap Office Word 2007 and Office Excel 2007, and can contain starting content or boilerplate text. Themes replace the layout for a, PowerPoint slide designs and contain one or more slide masters. A slide master isn’t actually a slide and it doesn’t store theme information. The slide master is a separate layer that only looks like a slide. It is where you can set the resume san diego, master layout and design elements, such as slide background appearance and cover letter uk graphics that all slide layouts follow by default. For example, you can specify a slide background, the layout of content placeholders, and add your company logo on a slide master to have all of those elements apply by default to all slide layouts that are attached to example studies, that slide master.
Also, in uk previous releases of PowerPoint, design templates came with their own sets of essay, color schemes and fonts that worked for that design template only. Correct Layout Cover Letter Uk! Fonts were applied to the slide master to save them in the design template, but there wasn't a separate font scheme that could be easily edited. Scholarships Essays Nursing! In Office PowerPoint 2007, theme colors and theme fonts work with all of your 2007 Office release documents. Design templates were meant to for a cover, provide you with one quick and attractive solution, and themes provide you with multiple options. The interaction between themes and resume san diego templates in Office Word 2007. Templates contain formatting that is for a based upon the theme. Often, the formatting in a template is done with styles, which define the paragraph formatting and interesting story aspects of the text formatting, such as size. Styles may also include table styles. In Office Word 2007, themes determine which colors and fonts are used by styles, if the correct layout, style uses theme-aware formatting. Styles are not part of social studies essay, themes, so the definitions of the styles that are used for layout for a cover text can be changed independently of the theme.
However, if you apply fonts and colors from the theme-aware portions of the font list and color palette, you can change the appearance of text formatted with styles just by updating the theme. Wrapping Paper Cheap! For more information, see the article Customize or add new styles in Word or Add and for a remove styles from the Quick Styles gallery. If you use a resume or cover letter template that has one theme applied to example of a social, it, you can change the theme to make your resume or cover letter more distinctive. Correct Layout Cover! For example, if your resume template has the Urban theme, you can apply the Solstice theme to make it more unique. You can create many different custom themes from the core built-in themes. The customization for theme colors and theme fonts is next to the Themes gallery. You cannot customize theme effects from within the example of a studies, Office programs. Layout For A Letter! You can only select a different existing set of theme effects to mix and match with your theme. Only theme fonts and colors can be customized from within the programs. Choose a theme, change its settings or define your own, and then save the settings as a new theme in your gallery.
You can also delete a custom theme that you no longer need. For even more new colors, fonts, and effects, do one of the following to german essay writing, download new themes from layout cover uk Microsoft Office Online: Which 2007 Microsoft Office system program are you using? In Excel 2007, on resume, the Page Layout tab, in the Themes group, click Themes , and correct then click More Themes on Microsoft Office Online . In Outlook 2007, on the Page Layout tab, in the Themes group, click Themes , and then click More Themes on Microsoft Office Online . In PowerPoint 2007, on the Design tab, in the Themes group, click the More button , and then click More Themes on Microsoft Office Online . In Word 2007, on the Page Layout tab, in the Themes group, click Themes , and then click More Themes on Microsoft Office Online . Cheap! For step-by-step information about changing or customizing theme colors or fonts, see the article Apply or customize a document theme. Letter! Changing theme colors is story one of the letter uk, most dramatic change you can make to your Office document, with the exception of changing the theme. Example Of A Social Essay! With one click, you can change the tone of for a letter, a document from casual to formal, or vice versa, by changing the interesting spm, theme colors. Theme colors have 12 color slots. The first four horizontal colors are for text and backgrounds. Text that is created with the light colors will be legible over correct layout for a cover, the dark colors, and text that is created with dark colors will be legible over writing phrases, the light colors. The next six are accent colors that are visible over the four potential background colors. Letter Uk! The last two colors, not shown in san diego the picture below, are reserved for hyperlinks and followed hyperlinks.
You can put any color into these color positions. Not all themes will warrant accent colors that work with all backgrounds. For example —one of the most common use of themes in correct layout letter uk companies is to enforce branding standards, which is virtually the opposite essays of providing a lot of options. Theme colors handle both light and dark backgrounds, because the layout letter uk, page backgrounds of Word 2007 documents and Excel 2007 workbooks are often white. PowerPoint 2007 uses large text, sometimes lightly colored on a dark background. Word 2007 uses smaller, dark text almost always on a white background.
In general, Word 2007 does not use the theme colors for scholarships nursing text —instead, text in Word 2007 is formatted to correct layout for a cover, use the Automatic color because most Word 2007 documents are read against a white background. However, Word 2007 does use theme colors for essay heading styles and correct layout cover letter body text. There are visibility rules built into the built-in themes so that usually you can switch colors at essay any time and all your content will remain legible and still look good. There are no constraints built-in to theme customizations that force you to use colors that remain legible in all combinations. Correct For A Letter Uk! And you may not always want all colors to be visible.
For example, a company’s branding may use just two possible background colors and may have a specified set of example social essay, acceptable brand colors for use as accent colors —those brand colors may not be visible on additional background colors in the theme, just because the theme requires four background color options, and layout cover it doesn’t need to be. Example Of A Social Studies Essay! When you click Colors (or Theme Colors in correct for a letter Word 2007) in the Themes group, the architecture essay presented unfinished, colors that you see next to the theme name are the two light and for a cover two dark colors, followed by scholarships the six accent colors. Hyperlink colors don't appear in this gallery. Correct For A Cover Letter Uk! If you change any of interesting story, these colors to create your own set of theme colors, the colors that are shown on the Colors (or Theme Colors in Word 2007) button and next to the Theme name will be updated accordingly. The theme colors are shown in every color gallery along with a set of tints and shades that are based on the theme colors. By selecting colors from this expanded, matched set, you can make formatting choices for individual pieces of content that follow the uk, theme.
When the holiday cheap, theme colors change, the gallery of colors changes, and so does all document content that uses the layout for a letter uk, theme colors. The Theme Colors gallery displays all the color sets from the built-in themes and any sets for custom theme colors that you have saved. To create your own theme colors, in the Themes group, click Colors (or Theme Colors in Word 2007), and then click Create New Theme Colors . For step-by-step information about customizing theme colors, see the article Apply or customize a document theme. Professional document designers know that using a single font face for essay an entire document is correct uk always a tasteful and safe design choice. Two fonts are a better choice, when used carefully for contrast. Every Office theme defines two fonts — one for headings and one for body text. They can be the same font (used everywhere) or two different fonts.
The Quick Styles galleries in Word 2007 store paragraph and character styles. If those styles are theme-aware, then the previews will change as you click different styles. Changing theme fonts will change the appearance of those styles in your document. The WordArt gallery in Excel 2007 or PowerPoint 2007, but not Word 2007, does not change for theme fonts. When you click a WordArt option to example of a, apply it in one of these programs, the WordArt takes on your active theme font —but you don’t see that in the preview. Changing the theme fonts in layout for a cover uk Office PowerPoint 2007 updates all of the title and bullet text in your presentation. It will also update the text in graphics, if that text is theme-aware. In previous releases of PowerPoint, you had to make this kind of global change on a slide master. Resume San Diego! And, you still need to use the theme fonts when formatting your master and correct layout letter layouts in social essay order for it to update when you change the layout uk, theme fonts applied.The change is made from the master forward —just as it used to be. It changes on san diego, your slides because it was changed on the master.
When you click Fonts in the Themes group, the names of the heading font and body text font that are used for each theme font appear below the theme name. You can change both of these fonts to create your own set of correct cover letter uk, theme fonts. In addition, the Create New Theme Fonts dialog box has been revised to essay, show the current theme fonts in use. For step-by-step information about customizing theme fonts, see the article Apply or customize a document theme. Theme effects specify how effects are applied to your charts, SmartArt graphics, shapes, (and also tables styles under Best Match for Document in Office PowerPoint 2007). Layout Cover Uk! By using the Theme Effects gallery, you can replace different sets of effects to quickly change the look of some objects.
Although you cannot create your own set of theme effects, you can choose the effect that you want to use in your own theme. In every theme, there is an german essay writing phrases invisible internal effect matrix that is used to generate the visible theme effect. The effect matrix has three style levels of layout for a letter, line, fill, and special effects, such as shadow and nursing three-dimensional (3-D) effects. Professional designers sometimes refer to these style levels as stroke, tone, and depth. By combining three formatting dimensions — lines, fills, and effects — you can generate visuals that all match the same theme effects. Below is the effect matrix design used to create the Office theme (the default theme).
You will not usually see a set of styles called Subtle or Intense in correct layout for a uk the Quick Style galleries. Even styles in those galleries, such as the SmartArt Styles gallery, that use those names, do not use the full set intact from san diego that level. The Moderate SmartArt style, for example, uses the Intense fill. Correct Cover! Each theme has a different effect matrix for a different look. For example, one theme may have a metallic look, and another may look like frosted glass. Essay Fragment Middleton Robin! When you click Effects (or Theme Effects in Word 2007) in the Themes group, you can see the for a cover uk, line and fill effects that are used for each set of theme effects in the gallery that is displayed with the specific theme. Example Essay! For step-by-step information about customizing theme effects outside the Office programs and using XML, see the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) article, Creating Document Themes with the Office Open XML Formats. Although themes change the cover letter uk, overall colors, fonts, and effects that are used, Quick Styles, (or Styles), change how the different colors, fonts, and resume effects are combined and layout which color, font, and scholarships essays nursing effect is dominant.
When you rest the pointer on a Quick Style thumbnail, you can see how the correct, Quick Style affects your table, SmartArt graphic, or shape. The design description (theme colors, theme fonts, and theme effects) of themes provides galleries of Quick Styles that always match the theme of your document. Themes and Quick Styles are both created by visual designers so that all of your documents look professionally created. When you choose from the various Quick Style galleries, your content will be well-matched to san diego, your overall document theme. In Office Word 2007, you can choose a set of paragraph and character styles, or pre-designed Quick Style sets (such as Distinctive ) that are designed to work together to layout for a cover letter uk, create an attractive and professional-looking document.
For example, one set of Office Word 2007 Quick Styles may include styles for several heading levels, body text, a quotation, and a title. All of the san diego, style colors and formats in a single style set are designed to correct cover letter uk, be used together to create an attractive and compelling document. All that you must do is resume san diego choose the Quick Style set that is appropriate for the document that you are creating and correct layout cover letter uk then apply the essay, stylesfrom the convenient Quick Styles gallery when you create your document. For A Letter Uk! Quick Styles gallery opened by using the Mini toolbar. In most cases, you will not change styles in a Quick Style set because the styles are designed to complement one another, and it is easier to use a different Quick Style set. Under certain circumstances, however, you might want to change the attributes of a style in a Quick Style set or add a brand new style. When you save a Quick Style set as your default for new documents, the theme that is currently applied to middleton unfinished, the document is also made the default theme.
Applying a different theme to a document that was created with a Quick Style set makes it easy to create a professional and unique-looking document. For A Cover Uk! Quick styles are not automatically theme-aware. The built-in Quick Style sets are, but if you save a Quick Style that is not theme-aware, the Quick Style set will have no relationship to the theme. A cell style is a defined set of formatting characteristics, such as fonts and holiday paper font sizes, number formats, cell borders, and cell shading. To prevent others from changing specific cells, you can also use a cell style that locks cells. Office Excel 2007 has several built-in cell styles that you can apply or modify. You can also modify or duplicate a cell style to create your own custom cell style. Cell styles are based on the document theme that is applied to an entire workbook. When you switch to another theme, the cell styles are updated to match the new theme. Built-in cell styles are aware of theme fonts, but many are not theme color aware. For A Cover Letter Uk! None of the architecture fragment middleton presented, cell styles are related to theme effects.
For more information about cell styles, see the article Apply, create, or remove a cell style. Background styles are unique to Office PowerPoint 2007 and correct layout for a letter uk use the new theme color model that defines two dark colors and two light colors to be used for text and backgrounds. San Diego! For built-in themes, the light colors are always visible over the dark colors and for a vice versa, such as when dark color text is of a social essay used over a light background. Correct Cover Uk! And there are six accent colors that look good over any of the paper, four possible background colors in the built-in themes. Also, inside each theme are three background-fill definitions: subtle, moderate, and intense. By combining the 4 background colors with the 3 theme backgrounds, you get 12 possible background styles. In the built-in themes, the top row of the Background Styles gallery is always solid fill. To access the Background Styles gallery, on the Design tab, in the Background group, click Background Styles . If you apply the background styles from the second row of the correct layout cover letter, gallery shown in the illustration above, you get the four variations shown in the following illustration. Essay! Notice how the correct layout for a cover, dark and light text and social studies essay the background colors are automatically switched based on the background that you choose. Many slide show projectors show dark backgrounds and correct for a cover uk light text better than they show light backgrounds and example social studies essay dark text.
You can use the background styles as a quick way to layout for a uk, transform your presentation for better projection. For step-by-step information about adding a background to your slide, see the article Format the background of your slides. Tip: To apply a background style or theme to only some slides in your presentation, right-click the background style or theme, and then click Apply to Selected Slides on the shortcut menu.
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Free Environmental Studies essays. How can the Dutch state contribute in the best way possible to move towards a viable prevention system to correct cover letter uk, prevent dangerous climate change? When nature speaks, humans can only listen. Human intervention has caused an increase of the temperate, which would have catastrophical consequences by inaction. Resolution 10/4 2009 of the UN Human Rights Council points out that a climate change of more than 2 degrees poses a threat to all humans and their health. It would lead to significant changes in ecosystems, sea level rises, diseases etc. Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is recognizing commitments that parties have to undertake in order to take measures necessary to mitigate climate change. Article 4 UNFCCC points out that adaption is interesting necessary by developing appropriate and integrated climate change plans on a national and regional level. These adaption measures are necessary in order to prevent threats such as; health-, food- and environmental security threats. Throughout developments in letter uk, international-, European-, domestic law and case law countries are accountable for their contribution of creating dangerous climate change. Fossil fuel extraction, emissions of greenhouse gases and pollution has led to holiday wrapping cheap, a political and moral catastrophe.
States are in no position to ignore what is referred to as one of the biggest challenges facing mankind in correct layout for a cover, the coming years. Scholarships Nursing! The rising temperate, floods, droughts, melting ice cap that raised sea levels are just a few examples to indicate there all States need to take action. Government are in violation with international-, environmental-, tort- and human rights law. Layout For A Letter Uk! The reality of climate law liability is a certain amount of paper inadequacy or speed of correct layout for a cover letter uk international action on the occurring changes in the climate. The increasing focus on nursing, liability implicates the involvement of correct layout letter a broad range of writing phrases actors; governments, industry, business, NGOs etc. This paper aims to answer the following question as adequately as possible; How can the Dutch state contribute in the best way possible to move towards a viable prevention system to prevent dangerous climate change? This paper will not discuss the differences in jurisdictions across the world, but will focus on correct letter uk, the Dutch legal system in relation to the prevention of interesting story spm dangerous climate change. Correct Layout For A Cover Letter! The Dutch government cannot prevent dangerous climate change by itself, but can certainly make efforts to contribute in the best way possible. Firstly the environmental protection in the Netherlands will be discussed. After that the way ‘danger’ can be perceived and what added value it has to dangerous climate changes.
Further on, the international, European and national legislation towards climate changes will be covered. Especially the Urgenda Foundation case against the Dutch government will be looked into. German Writing Phrases! In the end, the future action on which the Dutch government can base its future policies on, will be discussed. The environmental protection in the Netherlands. The Dutch State has been invested in the protection of the environment since 1875. Ever since the State has adopted several legislation to act upon the different ray of climate issues. The very first legislation that came into existence was the Nuisance Act in 1875. After a while, in 1958, the State adopted the Act on Marine Oil Pollution. Between 1960 and 1980, the amount of specialized legislation increased significantly.
In 1962 the Pesticides and Herbicides Act was adopted, after that the correct cover letter, Nuclear Energy Act (1963). A specific Water pollution Act was enacted in 1969, after which the Act on Air pollution (1970), Act on Chemical Waist (1976) and the Act on waste products (1977). In 1979 the Noise Nuisance Act and essay fragment middleton unfinished the Act containing general provisions on environmental hygiene got adopted. Now the correct cover uk, Dutch State had a number of statutory environmental regulations, which were not coherent. In order to improve this situation, the Environmental management Act was adopted in 1993. In 1993 the Environmental Management Act was enacted. It contained general provisions for decision-making, enforcement and juridical review on wrapping paper, specific environmental issues. Article 1.1a of the Environmental Management Act states the duty of care provision, meaning that every citizen should refrain from actions that are harmful to the environment. Nowadays the basis for environmental protection is correct layout for a cover letter article 21 of the interesting story, Dutch Constitution. Layout For A Cover Letter Uk! It serves as a social right and not as a legal ground for social studies essay, a claim against the government.
Yet, the Dutch State has used article 21 of the Constitution against citizens who were accused of environmental pollution. Furthermore, the Supreme Court accepted it as a legal ground, making it possible to correct layout for a letter, invoke article 21 of the Constitution in a climate law case. The article is the primary article to hold the Dutch State responsible and accountable for dangerous climate change. The Dutch legal framework will be further discussed in this paper, along with European and international law. Before that, the notion of ‘dangerous’ climate change will be described. The element of danger will be viewed on from external and essay unfinished internal definitions of danger, after which the legal framework that is trying to cover, prevent and mitigate this dangerous climate changes will be discussed. Dangerous climate change. In order to fully comprehend the extent to which the Dutch State can prevent dangerous climate change, it is important to point out what dangerous climate change is. There are two characteristics that give form to the definition for dangerous climate change: external and internal definitions of story essay risk perceptions. The external definitions of danger are connected to the expert’s analysis and scientific research. There is no methodology or process that would constitute a dangerous level of climate change.
Experts have pointed out thresholds of climate change or suggested the possible impacts. In table 1 there are a few examples of dangers measured through threshold in physical vulnerability. Because there can be a lack of (analytical) insight into some thresholds, a State can use that indistinctness to not take any action. Danger measured through threshold in physical vulnerability. 1 Large-scale eradication of correct for a uk coral reef systems. 2 Disintegration of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. 3 Breakdown of the thermohaline circulation. 4 Qualitative modification of architecture middleton robin crucial climate-system patterns such as ENSO and NAO. 5 Climate change exceeding the rate at which biomes can migrate. The internal definitions of danger means the way danger is perceived and or/experienced.
It indicates a strong feeling of unsafety. The internal definition therefore relates to moral, psychological, cultural, social and institutional processes of how a person or a group perceives as danger. Naturally, the internal definition of danger depends mostly on the living area. Correct Layout Cover Letter Uk! Together, the german phrases, internal and external definitions of danger constitute what can be perceived and/or experienced as an actual danger to a group of people geographically. The dangerous climate changes are shared responsibilities of governments. Dangerous climate change: the responsibility of States. It is important to letter, see to what extent the essays, government is responsible to prevent dangerous climate change. And if there is a responsibility, to what extent the government can be held liable for their contribution in creating climate changes. On domestic level, the constitution has laid down a positive obligation for layout letter, the Dutch government to act. According to article 21 of the Dutch Constitution, the government is responsible for safeguarding the habitability, the protection and the improvement of the living environment and essay fragment middleton presented unfinished the country. The Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (NEAA) is the national institute that advises the Dutch government in the fields of the environment, nature and correct letter uk spatial planning by giving strategic policy analysis.
On European level, article 2 (Right to life) and 8 (Right to health and respect for private and family life) of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) give states the positive obligation to act. These articles are applicable to the Dutch law because of article 93 and 94 of the Dutch Constitution. Through the UNFCCC, the holiday, Kyoto protocol was developed. This protocol contains measures to work on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by industrialised countries. The Kyoto protocol tackles six greenhouse gas emissions (see figure 2): Figure 2: Emissions of greenhouse gases. carbon dioxide CO2.
nitrous oxide N2O. sulphur hexafluoride SF6. Furthermore, the Kyoto protocol contains provisions with targets to stimulate States to reduce or limit their emissions. By reaching the targets, States receive economic value in return. There are three market-based mechanism to promote States and enterprises to reach the targets. The first mechanism is emission trading. Correct Layout Cover Uk! On national level, the resume san diego, Dutch Emission Authority (NEa) is responsible for the monitoring of correct layout for a uk enterprises that join the European Emission Trade System (EU ETS). Example Studies! The second is the Clean Development mechanism (CDM). CDM is defined in correct cover letter uk, article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol and is the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. Scholarships Nursing! Article 12 (5) of the Protocol has laid down three conditions in order for enterprises to earn Certified Emission Reductions (CERs): ‘ Real, measurable and long-term benefits related to the mitigation of climate change; and.
‘ Reductions in emissions that are additional to any that would occur in the absence of the certified project activity. The third mechanism is the Joint Implementation (JI). These three mechanisms are seen as the correct uk, most important tools for States and the EU to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. An internationally recognized customary law is the no-harm rule. This rule is also included in principle 21 of the United Nations Stockholm Declaration (1972). Scholarships Essays! A state is allowed to correct layout cover uk, exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, as long as the damage doesn’t extend beyond the holiday wrapping paper cheap, limits of national jurisdiction. The principle of correct for a cover uk no harm obliges a state to prevent, reduce and architecture essay robin control the risks that are connected with environmental harm to other states. There is also the polluter pays principle, which is also laid down in Principle 16 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development.
The principle is aiming for correct layout letter, national authorities to bear the environmental costs and the use of economic instruments. National authorities bear the responsibility to pay the costs of pollution, with due regard to the public interest and without distorting international trade and investment. Before invoking domestic, European or international law, it is interesting story essay important to know who the parties are who can make claims relating to climate law. Possible parties in claims. There are three possible claims: claims between States, claims by private persons against correct for a cover States and claims between private persons. Only the first two options will be briefly discussed. The third option is social studies not relevant for this paper.
Climate law claims between States is not very common. A State would have to bring a liability claim in front of an international court regarding the climate change policy of a State. Only Cuba and the Salomon Islands have made a declaration with regard to layout letter, article 14 UNFCCC on compulsory dispute settlement. When it comes to claims by story essay private persons against States, a State would have to contribute or cause the dangerous climate change to occur within their territory. The individual or group of individuals would have to live within the jurisdiction of that state. Correct Layout Cover Uk! The component of violation of human rights makes international law and principles of example of a social essay liability relevant. If this component is not present, then national tort law is applicable. Through jurisprudence and legislative developments, a state can be held liable, despite its sovereignty.
International law has not regulated the applicability of domestic tort law in layout, climate law liability claims. Making states strictly liable for transboundary harm was considered too progressive. A good example of a claim against writing phrases a State is the Urgenda case against correct layout for a cover the Dutch government. The Urgenda case. ‘Judges with the courage to give a ruling on this will one day be applauded, whereas those who don’t will eventually be tarred and feathered.’ ‘ J. Spier. The Urgenda Foundation aims to protect the interest of current and future generations in order that the german essay writing, ecosystems and the liveability of the planet are not severely put at risk by planetary heating and correct for a letter climate change caused by humans. The foundation aims for a fast transition towards a sustainable society and views climate change as one of the biggest challenges of interesting story essay spm our times. On 20 November 2013 Urgenda foundation and 886 citizens (Urgenda c.s.) have initiated a case against the Dutch government. For A Uk! There were two main issues dat Urgenda c.s. were trying to achieve with this case: 1) A declaratory judgment that the Dutch government is contributing to story, dangerous climate change (reducing greenhouse gas emissions) which is a threat for the enjoyment of layout for a cover letter uk human rights.
Urgenda c.s. wants to of a social essay, order the Dutch State to take action to limit the amount of CO2 emissions to 40% (with a minimum of correct layout for a letter uk 25%) the 1990 level by nursing 2020. For A! The rate of 40% is documented in the United Nations climate Convention, in order to secure any reasonable chance of architecture essay middleton unfinished preventing dangerous climate change. 2) Urging the court of The Hague to compel the Dutch State to correct for a letter uk, act according the positive obligations under the European Convention of Human Rights. This case is extraordinary, because of two main reasons. First of all, it is the holiday wrapping cheap, first case in Europe in which citizens are trying to correct layout cover letter uk, hold the holiday, state responsible for inaction with catastrophically consequences.
Secondly, it is the for a letter, first case in which human rights form a legal basis to story spm, be protected against layout cover letter uk (dangerous) climate change. Legal grounds in the Urgenda case. Urgenda c.s. based their claims on middleton, four legal grounds. They stated that the Dutch State acted unlawful with the greenhouse gas emissions based on these grounds. The first ground is the no-harm principle. As mentioned before, the principle of correct layout for a letter no harm obliges a state to prevent, reduce and control the essay presented, risks that are connected with environmental harm to other states. The second legal ground are the obligations arising from the UNFCCC and layout for a cover letter uk the COP for all States. The third ground is based on the rights enshrined in article 2 (right to life) and 8 ECHR (right to health and respect for private and writing family life). The fourth ground are the legal grounds based in tort, like for example nuisance and endangerment. The Dutch was held responsible for co2 emissions that would cause climate damage in and outside the territory of the Netherlands. Urgenda c.s. believe that the case of the Dutch Supreme Court Kalimijnen is an important case, because the proceedings are similar.
In the Kalimijnen case, the French mines would dispose around four billion salt discharges in the river Rhine on correct cover uk, a yearly basis. About 600 kilometers downstream, farmers would use the same water from the Rhine for their crops. There was a direct relation between the disposal of story essay spm salt discharges and the decrease of in the quality of the crops. These farmers wanted a declaratory judgement from the court in which the actions of the French mines were declared unlawful and compensation for for a cover letter uk, the suffered and future damaged caused by scholarships nursing the salt discharges. In this case, the Court decided that there was a pro rata liability, because the damage occurred from several emissions from different sources. Each source was therefore liable for its part. Urgenda c.s. For A Cover Letter Uk! also believe that the Dutch government is liable for its share of the total Co2 emissions, therefore the State would be pro rata liable. This would mean that the Dutch State has to cover all damages caused proportionally in relation to other States. This is also acknowledged in the preamble of the UNFCCC: ‘Acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and holiday wrapping cheap appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions.’ The Urgenda case will form an for a letter important precedent for other lawsuits across Europe. So far, litigation has focused on the compliance of regulatory requirements and not on the impacts of (dangerous) climate change.
Claims in the Urgenda case deriving from domestic tort law. The claims of Urgenda c.s. German Phrases! are based on tort law. Essentially the cumulative emissions of greenhouse gases that is caused by humans, changes the chemical composition of the atmosphere, increasing the temperature. There is correct layout for a cover letter uk a causal link between the san diego, greenhouse gas emissions and the consequences for the ecosystems. Science has provided sufficient proof to determine the correct layout for a cover letter uk, causal link.
This has also been confirmed in the UNFCCC and the Cancun Agreements of 2010. German Essay Writing Phrases! In the Cancun Agreements, States have acknowledged that a increase of 2 degrees would be a dangerous climate change for correct uk, mankind. The Dutch cabinet has decided that the State will pursue a reduction of 16% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 instead of 25-40%. Urgenda c.s. regard this as an wrapping paper unlawful act, because the State is contributing to a dangerous situation for the Dutch society. The element of danger has been defined by Kelderluik case. The Dutch Supreme set up four questions that served as a criteria to determine to what extent there was actual danger. Correct Layout For A Cover! The criteria meets the requirements that are related to article 6:162 (2) of the Dutch Civil Code (DCC).
Article 6:162 DCC is the basis for Dutch tort law of which paragraph 2 is regulating the social due diligence standard. In the case of Urgenda c.s. the criteria was affirmed. Therefore the scholarships nursing, State was acting unlawful by not pursuing a reduction of 25-40% of greenhouse gas emissions by correct cover letter 2020. Architecture Essay Presented Unfinished! The criteria is as following (see below for the answers on each criteria): o Was the danger obvious? o How big is the chance that the danger will occur? o How big are the damages (damage to for a cover letter uk, health or to social studies essay, property)? o What are the costs of taking the necessary precautions?
Was the danger obvious? Yes, research has pointed out uk, that an increase of 2 degrees will have dangerous climate change consequences. How big is the chance that the danger will occur Science and international institutes have assesses that the chance is very big that dangerous climate changes will occur within a short amount of time. This has also been recognized in fragment unfinished, case law: harms associated with dangerous climate changes are well recognized and real. How big are the damages The damages would be catastrophically to all mankind. What are the costs of taking the layout uk, necessary precautions? It will be financially feasible to act now (preventive) with sustainable and cost effective measures.
The conclusion in relation with domestic tort law is that the Dutch State is acting unlawful according to article 6:162 (2) DCC with respect to two elements: 1. The goals in regards to emission reductions are low. 2. The State contributes and finances the use of fossil fuels and example studies does not stimulate nor subside renewable energy with the same effort. Besides the domestic tort law based on article 6:162 DCC, article 2 and 8 ECHR were violated. The State has the positive obligation to protect the correct letter uk, right to life and health. An increase in the climate temperate will affect these rights, because all humans are threatened by dangerous climate changes. The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) has ruled in the case of Oneryildiz v. Turkey that a State has to act in order to protect the right to cheap, have a private family life without any interference or disturbance or nuisance. Besides the letter, domestic tort law and article 2 and 8 ECHR, there has to paper cheap, be a causal link to attribute proportional liability. No State would be liable according to the condition qua sine non requirement.
The condition qua sine non simply means that a certain act that causes an uk wrongdoing; without that act, the consequence would not have occurred. German Essay Phrases! Dangerous climate changes only for a uk occur because of cumulative emissions of interesting story essay greenhouse gases. Every party that has contributed to damage that is causes, is proportionally liable for his part of the damage. This brings us to the pro-rata liability. The Dutch Supreme Court would have to decide upon climate policy. Cover Letter! Is this law or politics? This issue will be discussed briefly. Law or politics? The judges of the Dutch Supreme Court have the tendency to give enterprises their policy freedom in order for the Netherlands to have a strong economic position.
The claims in the Urgenda c.s. case have a legal and political basis. The Supreme Court would have to make a decision in which they encounter the policy freedom of enterprises. The Advocate-General of the Supreme Court, Jaap Spier, has pointed out that the judge would have to have an activistic mentality in resume, order to rule in favor of correct layout Urgenda c.s. In 2009 the Court of interesting story essay Appeal ruled in correct for a cover letter, the case American Electric Power (AEP) versus the State of san diego Connecticut on a climate issue that was considered to be an issue of policy. In fist instance the court decided that it cannot rule in an issue of policy. The Court of cover uk Appeal pointed out that a question of example of a social studies law is justiciable, even if it has political implications. Therefore the Court decided it had jurisdiction. It concludes that climate policies that are seen as unlawful can be contested before court. In order to make a decision that would improve the legal and political situation in the Dutch State regarding the prevention of dangerous climate changes, the Supreme Court could use the Oslo Principles on Global Climate Change Obligations as a guideline. The Oslo Principles will be discussed further on in this paper. The International Bar Association.
The International Bar Association (IBA) has taken the correct layout letter uk, discussions within the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol in the Task Force report of 2015: ‘Achieving Justice and Human Rights in an Era of Climate Disruption.’ The report shows strategies to tackle with two issues: mitigation and adaption. The mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the (necessity of) adaption measures by Sates. Governments need to take appropriate measures for foreseeable risks. Governments do have a margin of appreciation, but they need to take steps to protect the right to life (article 2 ECHR). In short, IBA urges for scholarships nursing, the creation of an layout for a cover letter effective and consistent set of standards to address climate harms in story spm, order to promote relevant domestic procedural legislation. The Task Force proposes the establishment of an correct layout for a letter uk IBA Working Group on Climate Change Justice in order to set up a model statute on legal remedies for climate change. The model statute would incorporate the following procedural and architecture essay presented unfinished substantive issues: ‘ Actionable rights under international and regional human rights law affected by climate change; ‘ Clarification of human rights obligations relating to climate change; ‘ Issues regarding causation, including appropriate standards for proving a legally. recognisable causal link between GHG emissions and relief sought; ‘ Whether knowledge, including foreseeability of harm, is relevant to liability or. ‘ Development of methods for layout letter, awarding remedies and relief as warranted by resume san diego the. circumstances, including uniform standards by which to apportion damages, and the provision of declaratory, interim and injunctive relief; ‘ Issues regarding standards of liability; ‘ The interrelationship of competing claims from nations, communities and individuals; ‘ Limitation periods for layout for a letter, claims; ‘ The availability of pre-trial and interim applications for disclosure and discovery; ‘ Guidelines on costs awards in climate change cases; and.
‘ Guidelines for the jurisdictional reach of domestic and international courts to. adjudicate climate change-related claims. IBA believes that it is important to resume, have a legal recognition for a new universal right. This right would relate to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment for all mankind. A few recommendations that would complement the mitigation of dangerous climate changes will be discussed. First of all; there must be awareness. Layout Cover Letter Uk! One of the recommendations is that corporate responsibility must be increased in order to recognize the impacts of climate change and to essay middleton robin unfinished, enhance climate friendly policies. Secondly, the issuing of World Trade Organisation (WTO) guidelines that trade-related measures in which the technologies are climate-friendly will be subsidized, excluding the use of fossil fuels. A third recommendation is to make bilateral investment treaties and free trade agreements green. This would mean that both parties have to comply with environmental laws and correct for a cover letter uk regulations. A fourth element is the creation of an international dispute resolution for climate change issues in which the court members are specialist in climate law.
These recommendations and the issues discussed in the model statute of IBA’s Working Group on social essay, Climate Change Justice are important considerations for the Dutch State. The Oslo Principles on Global Climate Change Obligations. On March 1st 2015, the Oslo Principles on Global Climate Change Obligations (Oslo Principles) have been established by a team of experts from different fields of law. They have written down a set of correct for a letter uk Principles which form the essential obligations for States and companies all over to world. These Principles have to avert the critical level of global warming and its related effects.
The principles express the resume san diego, current obligations that all States and companies have to protect and the basic means of meeting those obligations. There are four initiatives that are marked as crucial for all States. First of all, action by international, national and local actors to adapt to inevitable climate-change effects in ways that minimize harm to human and other forms of life and to the exercise of for a letter human rights. In the second place transparency in the conduct of all actors with responsibility to implement these Principles. The third initiative is san diego widespread education initiatives to ensure that humanity, in general, and correct for a cover letter uk all people making relevant decisions, including legislative and judicial decisions, understand the urgency of action to avert climate change. The fourth initiative guarantees of public access to information about the climate effects of resume policies, projects and practices, public participation in relevant decision-making, and the establishment of appropriate institutions to coordinate and correct for a implement efforts to reduce climate change. The Oslo Principles further lay down a general precautionary principle of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, provide definitions, set down specific obligations (of States and Enterprises) and procedural obligations of states.
These principles complements the recommendations and the issues of IBA’s Working Group as they are trying to middleton presented, work towards a world with less greenhouse gas emissions and more ‘green’ legislation and agreements. Insurance against risks of correct layout for a letter dangerous climate change. Regardless of the mitigation and adaption efforts that States will make, there is will be an inevitable change in climate. Along with that, risks of dangerous risks will increase. Due to these dangerous changes, it sounds sensible to have insurance against architecture essay fragment middleton robin unfinished dangerous climate changes.
For example, the correct layout letter, Dutch researcher, Willem Jan Wouter Botzen, came up with a public-private partnership to give insurance to people who live close in an area below sea level. Botzen is trying to challenge the Dutch insurance companies to contribute to the climate adaption in the Netherlands. German Essay Writing Phrases! The Dutch State would contribute to create an insurance system in which the State compensates the Dutch insurance companies and keeps market distortions into account. Correct Layout For A Cover Letter Uk! This paper will not further discuss the options of climate change insurance and example of a social essay compensation means, it is a side-issue. The main focus of this paper will remain on how the Dutch State can prevent dangerous climate change. The aim of the conclusion is to layout, answer the spm, following main question: How can the Dutch state contribute in the best way possible to move towards a viable prevention system to prevent dangerous climate change?
The CanCun Agreements have set the limit for States to not surpass more than 2 degrees in global heating. This means that States have agreed on the fact that the emissions of (six) greenhouse gases are creating a dangerous climate change. The Dutch State has to respect article 21 of the Dutch Constitution, articles 2 and 8 ECHR and adhere to correct letter uk, international norms such as the duty of german essay phrases care, the layout uk, polluter pays- and no harm principles. On domestic level, article 6:162 DCC has provided a causal link and architecture essay fragment presented robin liability based on tort law. The Urgenda c.s. case can be seen as a positive development towards the involvement of more actors in creating a viable prevention system against dangerous climate change.
Key words in the prevention of correct for a cover letter dangerous climate change is mitigation and adoption. The mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the (necessity of) adaption measures by Sates to adapt along with the climate changes. We need to adapt in a sustainable manner to mitigate the foreseeable risks connected to dangerous climate change. The most important (legal) tools for the State are established by the UNFCCC and the Kyoto protocol. Example Studies Essay! The three market-based mechanisms is an correct layout cover letter effective way to reach reduction targets that the Dutch State needs to address and work on (emission trading by the NEa, the CDM and JI). The Dutch State should further enhance the emission trading within its borders. Unfortunately the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol do not take human rights into account when striving for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Several cases have indicated (so does the Urgenda c.s.) that preventing dangerous climate change is the interesting essay, responsibility of the State. With that responsibility comes accountability in which citizens can call for a breach of human rights by their governments. The Dutch State should incorporate the procedural and substantive issues presented in for a letter uk, the model statue of the Task Force that is proposed by example of a essay the IBA Working Group on Climate Change Justice and the Oslo Principles in order to complement the issues presented by the IBA Working Group. The matter of dangerous climate change concerns everyone living on this planet. After reading the catastrophic consequences that research has proven that will occur if the temperate will increase more than 2 degrees, I was shocked. Somewhere in the back of your head you tend to believe that climate change and especially dangerous changes are something you will not be confronted with.
Or that it is a problem for future generations to correct for a, worry about. The fact that the right to life and the right to a sustainable climate is considered a human right, is to be applauded. Example Studies! It means that governments, courts, NGOs and enterprises (amongst other actors) are taking their part seriously. I do believe that the Dutch State is taking small steps’too small. The fact that the Dutch cabinet has decided that the State will pursue a reduction of 16% of layout uk greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 instead of 25-40%, is alarming. After doing all the research to write this paper, I also believe preventing dangerous climate change is a shared responsibility. Of A Social Studies Essay! The Dutch State can contribute, but certainly not prevent by its own. After all, there are no borders when it comes to climate changes. As a Dutch citizen, I can only hope that in the case of Urgenda c.s., the plaintiffs will win.
It will contribute immensely to towards a viable prevention system of dangerous climate changes within Europe. The Dutch State must protect the correct, vulnerability of the Dutch environment by showing strong adaptive capacity based on economic resources, flexible use of technology, setting up or funding institutions and german phrases providing information and skills to society. The Dutch State (or any other government) does not have the correct cover letter, luxary to show signs of resume impasse towards dangerous climate changes. However, the Dutch can contribute towards a viable prevention system to letter, prevent dangerous climate change. ‘ J.M. Interesting Spm! Verschuuren (ed), Research Handbook on for a letter uk, Climate Change Adaption Law, Research Handbooks in Environmental Law series, Edward Elgar Publications: 2013. ‘ M.E. Franke, Verkort verklaard, Gouda Quint: 1993.
‘ R. Lord and others, Climate Law Liability. Transnational Law and Practice, Brick Court Chambers, December 2011. ‘ R. San Diego! Seerden and M. Heldeweg, Public environmental law in the Netherlands, Kluwer Law International; 2002. European Court of Human Rights. ‘ EHRM 30 November 2004, NJ 2005/210. ‘ ECtHR 28 February 2012, no. Correct Letter Uk! 17423/05 ( Kolyadenko v Russia). Dutch Supreme Court. ‘ HR 5 November 1965, NJ 1966, 136.
‘ HR 23 September 1988, NJ 1989, 743. Dutch Administrative Disputes Section of the german essay, Council of State. ‘ ABRvS, 27 April 1992, AB 1992, 688. ‘ Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency, no. 05-1120, 415 F. 3d 50, cert. Correct Layout! granted, 126 S. San Diego! Ct. 2960 (U.S. Nov. 29, 2006) (No. 05-1120). ‘ American Electric Power Company v Connecticut, 564 U.S. ___ (2011).
‘ International Bar Association, Achieving Justice and Human Rights in an Era of correct for a cover Climate Disruption, July 2014. ‘ Legal Response Initiative, ‘No-harm rule’ and climate change, 24 July 2012. ‘ M. Faure and san diego A. Nollkaemper, International Liability as an Instrument to prevent and Compensate for Climate Change, Maastricht University 2007. ‘ W.J.W. Bozen, Financial arrangements for disaster losses under climate change, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Bedrijfskunde, VU Amsterdam: 2010. ‘ J.M. van den Berg and R.H.J. Cox, Is de staat aansprakelijk voor klimaatverandering?, AV#038;S 2014/2. ‘ D. van Berkel, Summons in the Case: Urgenda Foundation v. Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Regarding the failure of the Dutch State to take sufficient actions to prevent dangerous climate change, 25 June 2014, nr. 48. ‘ R.H.J. Cox, The liability of European States for Climate Change, Paulussen Advocaten NV, case note. ‘ S. Correct For A Letter Uk! Dessai a.o, Defining and experiencing dangerous climate change. An editorial Essay, last edited 29 July 2014. ‘ J.R.
Malcolm and A. Markham, Global Warming and Terrestrial Biodiversity Decline, World Wide Fund For Nature, Gland, Switzerland: 2000. ‘ O’Neill, M. Scholarships Nursing! Oppenheimer, ‘Dangerous Climate Impacts and the Kyoto Protocol’, Science 296: 2002. ‘ S. Correct For A Cover Letter Uk! Rahmstorf, ‘The Thermohaline Ocean Circulation: A System with Dangerous Thresholds’?, Clim. Change 46: 2000. ‘ Timmermann a.o, ‘Increased El Ni??o Frequency in a Climate Model Forced by Future Greenhouse Warming’, Nature 398: 1999. ‘ Vaughan and Spouge, ‘Risk Estimation of Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet’, Clim.
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Department of English and correct layout letter Comparative Literature. All MFA candidates at San Jose State are required to write a thesis in their primary genre, defined in essay, the curriculum as “a book-length manuscript of literary merit and publishable quality.” The finished manuscript must be approved by the candidate’s thesis committee and by SJSU’s Office of Graduate Studies and Research (GSR), which means it must comply with the official University-wide content and formatting guidelines. This guide is designed to present the thesis process as clearly as possible. It covers both administrative and correct for a letter uk literary tasks and should serve as your checklist as you move forward. German Writing. Note however that University guidelines change frequently, and you should check the GSR website for the latest requirements before submitting your final manuscript. University policy S87-6 requires that a minimum of three individuals serve on the student’s thesis committee. Layout For A Cover. The majority of the committee members must be SJSU faculty. The chair of the of a, thesis committee must be a full time, tenured, or tenure track SJSU faculty member not on leave or sabbatical. Faculty participating in the Faculty Early Retirement Program (FERP) are considered active faculty members, and as such, can function as the thesis chair.
Non-faculty members must be recognized experts in the subject matter of the thesis. Like most departments at SJSU, the English Department requires that a masters thesis committee have only two active members. Layout For A Letter. The third member can be the director of the graduate program--in this case, the MFA Program Coordinator--who signs the san diego, approval form ex officio. You are welcome to recruit an active third reader; however, you are not required to do so. In general, the correct for a uk, first reader (or Thesis Director) should be a tenure-line faculty member in your primary genre. The Director is the resume san diego, person you will work with most often while you are writing and revising your thesis. Correct Layout Cover Uk. He or she will also help you draft and submit your Thesis Proposal. Usually, the second and third readers will review the finished manuscript only once, whereas the Director may read the manuscript twice (or more). Many MFAs have chosen literature faculty members as their second or third readers. You might even ask a writer or professor from another school who has an interest in your work to serve on your committee. Note however that University policy requires a majority of the committee (i.e., two people) to be SJSU faculty.
Allow plenty of time to recruit your committee. Faculty are very busy, and sometimes your first choices may not have time to serve. Before you can enroll in your six Thesis Units (ENGL 299), you must have your proposal approved by the Department Graduate Committee. This committee is a group of half a dozen tenure-line faculty members who meet regularly to german, discuss the department’s MA and MFA programs. The MFA degree qualifies our graduates to correct layout letter uk, teach literature and writing at the undergraduate and graduate level; therefore, members of the Graduate Committee read these proposals looking for evidence that the candidate is, in fact, qualified to teach at a university.
In our MFA program, writers are expected not only to know how to write creative prose and example of a studies essay poetry but also to discuss their work and its influences, as well as its relationship to contemporary literature. Correct Layout For A Letter. Proposals should demonstrate expertise with the literary environment and clearly place the thesis within a context that will enable literature scholars to assess its value and potential as an artistic contribution. The thesis proposal is an important demonstration of example social studies, your professionalism. Layout For A Cover Uk. Carelessness or flippancy will earn your proposal a rejection. The first step in german essay, writing a thesis proposal is to meet with your Thesis Director. Among other things, he or she will help you determine your project’s scope so that it can be completed in one or two semesters. This is one of the correct letter uk, main questions the Graduate Committee asks about every thesis proposal (MA or MFA). Middleton. Your Thesis Director can also provide you with examples of past proposals.
Download and fill out the department’s Thesis Proposal Form (PDF). You must include this form when you submit your proposal to the Graduate Committee. Your proposal should have three sections: Section One : Project Description. A short description (two to four pages) of the manuscript you plan to complete. If your project is a novel, you might describe the cast of characters and succinctly summarize the plot. If you plan to use a particular narrative structure (for example a frame story), you may discuss it here.
Explain also the major themes you plan to explore in correct layout for a, your work. Section Two : Annotated Bibliography. A. Write a concise descriptive introduction to architecture middleton presented, an annotated bibliography, listing the correct layout for a, literary. works that have influenced the project. (Under 100 words.) B. San Diego. Write an annotated bibliography of works that are most like or most influential on the. project proposed.
In the annotations, you should succinctly describe each individual. work’s affinity or influence on the project in concrete terms. Section Three : Work Sample. Include 5 to correct for a, 10 pages of poems (no more than 10 poems total) or 10 to 15 pages of prose or drama. This sample will provide evidence that you are able to complete the project you have proposed. If you have already started writing your thesis manuscript, you might polish up the first section and use it as your work sample. If you have not started the project (and you are not required to have started it), select some of your best work or the work most similar to the project you are proposing.
You should refer to scholarships nursing, specific content from your work sample, if appropriate, in either or both of the first two sections. Send a draft of your proposal to layout for a, your Thesis Director at least two weeks before the semester’s Thesis Proposal Deadline (usually the last day of March or October), so he or she has time to suggest revisions. When you have your Director’s approval, submit the proposal by email to the Department’s Graduate Coordinator. The members of the Graduate Committee will read your proposal, and it will be brought up for discussion at the committee's next meeting, normally within a week or two of the proposal deadline. The members will vote and convey their decision to robin, your Thesis Director and to you. Correct For A Cover Uk. Sometimes the committee grants a proposal approval on the condition that it be revised in one way or another. Example Of A Social Studies Essay. Make sure you pay attention and layout cover carry out these revisions as soon as possible. If you wait too long, the resume, committee may not be able to reconsider your proposal that semester, and your progress towards graduation may be delayed. After your Thesis Proposal has been approved by the Department Graduate Committee, you have permission to register for your six Thesis Units (ENGL 299).
You may take these units concurrently or over two semesters. To get your add code for MySJSU, fill out the Form to correct layout for a cover letter uk, Register for 299 Thesis Units, get signatures from your Thesis Director and the MFA Program Coordinator, and take the completed form to the Department Admin (in FOB 102). You will work with your Thesis Director to determine a sensible writing and review schedule. Architecture Fragment Middleton Presented. Start by cover, asking if he or she prefers to read your work in pieces or only when the scholarships essays nursing, manuscript is complete. Set milestones by working backwards from the cover, deadlines. Be conservative; leave plenty of german writing, wiggle-room. Remember that a missed deadline can result in your graduation being delayed. Your thesis manuscript must follow GS R's content and formatting guidelines for layout cover masters theses.
Read them thoroughly. The department-approved text of fragment middleton, your thesis must be submitted electronically as a PDF, including the signed faculty signature page. Cover Letter Uk. Candidates should read the GSR thesis guidelines here: http://www.sjsu.edu/gradstudies/thesis/thesis_forms/index.html. Although MFA theses are creative work, they are considered “Plan A” projects (i.e., theses) rather than “Plan C” projects (creative project reports). In general, Plan C reports are descriptions of non-written work, for example dance performances and art installations. Your manuscript must include both an Abstract (one page maximum) and a Preface. The Preface is not explained in the GSR guidelines, but it is required nonetheless. In the Preface, GSR is looking for a short essay (a minimum of 2,000 words) explaining your project and its influences. You should cite material from your primary influences using MLA citation format.
A MLA-style Works Cited list must be included at the end of the writing, preface. Most MFA candidates use a version of their Thesis Proposal as their Preface (minus the cover, writing sample, of essays nursing, course). Layout For A Letter. Don’t just cut and paste; make sure you go over the project description and discussion of influences in case either changed during the writing process. Insert your Preface right after the Table of Contents, before the main body of your manuscript. A final word of advice: proofread and interesting essay spm then proofread again. The dispassionate reviewers at GSR have been known to reject theses because of typos and correct layout for a grammatical mistakes. Obviously, if you are using dialect in your manuscript, that’s okay; but please make sure the Preface is studies essay, free of cover letter uk, spelling and grammar errors. Submitting the Thesis for Committee Approval. At the beginning of each semester, the MFA Program Coordinator sends out the deadline for turning in thesis manuscripts to the readers. It may be sooner than you think--usually in early February (for May graduation) or September (for December graduation).
All three members of your committee will read your work simultaneously. Usually the architecture essay robin, second and third readers convey their decisions to your Thesis Director, who communicates it to you. They may recommend changes before you submit the final manuscript to Graduate Studies (which is why the deadline falls so early in the semester). Correct Layout For A. After the committee approves the manuscript, ask them to holiday paper cheap, sign the Thesis Committee Page (see GSR guidelines for formatting). Submitting the Thesis for correct layout for a cover uk Graduate Studies Approval.
Getting your thesis approved by san diego, the Office of Graduate Studies is explained in detail at this website: Copyright and Publication Concerns. SJSU uses ProQuest to correct for a cover uk, manage its digital repository of masters theses. Once you submit your manuscript through the ProQuest site (and you are required to scholarships essays, do so in order to have your thesis approved by layout, Graduate Studies) it becomes available through certain ProQuest databases. Story. If you wrote a historical novel about Abraham Lincoln, for example, a citation and abstract of your thesis will appear in search results for “Abraham Lincoln.” Depending on layout for a cover uk the permissions you granted ProQuest during the submission process, users of their database may also have the option to order a full electronic or printed copy of your work. Note that you retain full copyright to holiday wrapping paper, your work. ProQuest is only a distributor; they do not own your work. SJSU wants your thesis to be available to the public for good reason.
In the sciences, for example, theses and dissertations are valuable additions to the scholarly literature. For years, bound copies of all SJSU masters theses--including MFA theses--have been publicly available on the shelves of the SJSU Library. But in correct for a, the age of digital reading, many creative writers are horrified to resume san diego, know that their proprietary, copyrighted work might be available through a public database. Layout For A Cover Letter. They worry that publishers will shy away from work that is already available online. During the final submission process, you will be given several opportunities to restrict access to essays, your work. At present the best you can do is to choose the “embargo” and “full sales restriction” options when you submit your final manuscript. This will prohibit ProQuest from layout cover, selling full access to your manuscript, although an example of a social studies essay abstract and citation of your work will still be included in ProQuest’s thesis and dissertation database.
A group of SJSU faculty, administrators, and librarians is currently working with ProQuest on a better long-term solution. Correct Layout. Here is ProQuest’s current stance on the issue. On the holiday cheap, other hand, you may want your work to be available for purchase through ProQuest. You may even want it to be available for cover letter free (see the “Open Access” option). Whatever you choose, please remember that neither SJSU nor ProQuest is scholarships nursing, trying to profit from your work. The advancement of human knowledge (the ultimate goal of academics) depends on the free flow of information among scholars, and by seeking an MFA you choose to for a uk, be part of this conversation. It is impossible to take an advanced degree like the MFA without leaving some mark on of a essay the academic record. Layout Cover. The Internet has only made that mark easier to find. ProQuest is one access point for theses; the MLK Library is another.
Students sign two different agreements: the ProQuest publishing agreementthe and the SJSU license agreement . Interesting Story. It might interest students to correct letter, know that a permanent embargo is available on the ProQuest side. Students would have to let Graduate Studies know that they want a permanent embargo with ProQuest. (ProQuest doesn’t allow students to select this option without notifying the holiday wrapping, institution.) Publication options are covered in more detail in Graduate Studie's online thesis workshop available here: http://www.sjsu.edu/gradstudies/thesis/thesis_events/index.html. Additional Steps Necessary for Graduation. You should be aware that you need to file official forms with SJSU’s Graduate Admissions and Program Evaluation office (best acronym on campus: GAPE) in order to correct layout for a, progress towards graduation. The semester before you plan to graduate, you must fill out and file a Petition for resume san diego Advancement to Graduate Candidacy. For A Uk. The deadlines are usually the first day of April (for December graduation) and the first day of October (for May graduation). Check GAPE’s deadlines page for interesting spm the most current dates. At the correct for a cover letter uk, beginning of your final semester, you need to file an Application for holiday wrapping Award of Master's Degree form.
The deadlines for this are usually in mid-February (for May graduation) and mid-September (for December graduation). Again, check with GAPE to be sure you have the right date.