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Cider with rosie essay – Shear …

Cider with rosie essay

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Cider with rosie essay – Shear …

antechrista resume Visites : 18 553 (depuis Novembre 2007) Si l'on sait qu'Amelie Nothomb sort systematiquement un roman a la rentree, a savoir extreme aout, Si l'on sait qu'Amelie a frequente l'ULB ou elle a ete relativement mal acceptee, rapport a son nom, sa lignee, son passe prodigieux qui font des jaloux et des envieux, Si l'on sait qu'elle a des parents merveilleux mais qu'un psychanalyste de bas de gamme, passant par la, pourrait interpreter certaines choses . Essay! Si l'on sait qu'Amelie se plait a dire qu'elle ne sait rien faire, a part ecrire, et que pour certains d'entre nous, cela suffit largement, Si l'on sait qu' Amelie aurait tendance a se mefier de l'amitie, de l'amour, surtout quand ils sont affubles d'un grand A , Si l'on sait que l'action se passe a Bruxelles et, pour une partie, a Malmedy ( Cantons de l'Est de la Belgique ) et que les habitants de cette riante petite ville sont tres chauvins. et qu'ils risquent, ici, de prendre un peu du plomb dans l'aile, Si l'on sait qu'Amelie n' apprecie guere le Rock allemand et qu'elle egratigne, ci-devant, un tantinet les Teutons, Si l'on sait que la philosophie de vie d'Amelie est tres loin de la Pensee Unique, Considerant donc tous ces attendus - et d'autres encore caches -, vous ne devriez pas vous ennuyer a la lecture de ce nouveau-ne : Antechrista Sacristi ! Antechrista [Texte imprime], roman Amelie Nothomb. Apa! ISBN : 9782226138828 ; EUR 14,70 ; 20/08/2003 ; 160 p. Rosie Essay! ; Broche. Or Thesis Apa! ISBN : 9783125972452 ; EUR 8,86 ; 01/08/2009 ; 150 p. Cider With Essay! ; Broche. Pas de série ou de livres liés. On International! Enregistrez-vous pour créer ou modifier une série. With Essay! Enregistrez-vous pour publier une critique éclair! Critique de Brascarie (, Inscrite le 4 avril 2016, 22 ans) - 4 avril 2016. Howto Essay! C'est assez troublant, voire angoissant : Ce qui devient angoissant, c'est quand on with rosie devine l'atrocite du personnage, en fait ses traits de personnalites, plutot ses defauts, ou meme mauvais penchants decrits a la perfection.

Un peu simple mais attachant et humoristique. Burning Problems! Critique de Claralyse (Bruxelles, Inscrite le 5 octobre 2015, 31 ans) - 5 octobre 2015. With! Finalement elle rencontrera Christa, mais cette fille deviendra plutot sa tortionnaire que son amie. Burning Essay! Cette fille, c’est Christa pour ses amies et pour les parents de Blanche, mais pour Blanche elle deviendra vite Antechrista. Cider With Essay! J’ai quand-meme aime l’humour typique d’Amelie Nothomb et de son personnage principal: malgre l’enfer dans lequel il peut vivre, il garde comme arme l'humour. Essay In Punjabi Language! Comme quoi il y a toujours une porte de sortie. Critique de Exarkun1979 (Montreal, Inscrit le 8 septembre 2008, 37 ans) - 16 decembre 2011. With Rosie! Critique de Pitchou (Morges - Suisse, Inscrite le 8 mai 2010, 28 ans) - 2 septembre 2011. The Last By Leonardo Da Vinci Essay! Un personnage qui m#039;a beaucoup enervee! Critique de Lalie2548 (, Inscrite le 7 avril 2010, 32 ans) - 2 avril 2011. Cider Rosie Essay! Critique de Megh (, Inscrite le 22 fevrier 2010, 23 ans) - 22 fevrier 2010.

Mais a la fin, on pollution essay voit plutot une Blanche qui sort grandie de cette aventure. Cider With Essay! Par rapport aux personnages, l'on pourrait se sentir proche de Blanche, victime du 'sadisme' de Christa, mais au contraire, on or thesis ne s'attache pas du tout a celle-ci. Essay! L'ambiance est etrange. On International Commercial! Pour ma part, j'hesitais entre continuer de lire ou m'arreter; je ne voulais plus entendre parler de cette Christa et de ses atrocites. With Essay! Les parents de Blanche me mettent mal a l'aise : ce mepris soudain envers leur fille m'a agacee et choquee. College Application Essays! Par rapport a Blanche, le seul point commun que je pourrai relever est son refuge : la lecture. Rosie! Refuge qui sera enleve par la presence de Christa, l'on ressent son desespoir. 100 Successful College Application! J'aime toujours les fins d'Amelie Nothomb que je trouve a chaque fois originales. Cider With Rosie! Cette fois-ci, ce fut la meme chose. Pollution Essay! Malgre que Blanche en soit sortie grandie, l'on peut voir que cet ecrasement par Christa a laisse en elle des sequelles.

Les themes de l'amitie, de l'adolescence y sont ici traites, et bien traites ! Le proverbe Mieux vaut etre seul que mal accompagne colle tout a fait a l'experience de Blanche. En bref, j'ai vraiment apprecie ce livre. Cider With! Critique de Nance (, Inscrite le 4 octobre 2007, - ans) - 28 aout 2008. Project Apa! Amelie Nothomb nous entraine encore une fois dans son monde. Cider With Rosie! Critique de Clement chatain (Bordeaux, Inscrit le 25 juin 2008, 31 ans) - 13 aout 2008. Pollution Language! Critique de Felicity11 (Bruxelles, Inscrite le 12 decembre 2007, 25 ans) - 15 janvier 2008. Cider! Bref, bien que la fin est legerement decevante, je ne trouve pas que c'est un happy end parce que justement, je trouve que la fin nous montre que, quelque part, Christa a gagne vu qu'elle a laisse des sequelles sur Blanche. Thesis Commercial Law! Critique de Worthless (Bonsecours, Inscrit le 15 decembre 2007, 28 ans) - 8 janvier 2008. Cider With Essay! Tout me semble trop facile dans ce roman, trop facile, trop peu plausible et trop rapide encore une fois, des passages delicieux auraient merite d'etre plus developpes. On International Law! Toutefois je suis vraiment seduit par les qualites d'observation d'Amelie Nothomb, par sa lucidite, par le desespoir qui transparait et par ses qualites de dialoguiste. J'apprecie aussi ses reflexions au sujet de la lecture, refuge de Blanche.

Bref, meme si l'histoire manque par moments de relief, ce livre comporte de beaux passages. Cider! Critique de Matthias1992 (, Inscrit le 27 aout 2007, 25 ans) - 11 octobre 2007. Problems Essay! La reussite de l'auteur belge reside ici surtout dans le fait qu'elle met en scene un affrontement implacable, sans merci et haineux entre deux etudiantes, totalement aux antipodes l'une de l'autre. Cider With Rosie! Si les themes de l'amitie et de l'amour sont plus qu'uses, ce recit bref et virulent reste une petite perle de la litterature contemporaine, qui se lit en plus tres vite. Problems Of India! Critique de Gabri (, Inscrite le 28 juillet 2006, 31 ans) - 3 octobre 2007. Mon point de vue sur ce Roman et cette romanciere. Rosie! Critique de Shelton (Chalon-sur-Saone, Inscrit le 15 fevrier 2005, 61 ans) - 2 octobre 2007. On International Commercial Law! Pour moi, ce roman va reprendre une multitude de themes chers a Amelie Nothomb.

C’est, peut-etre, un livre plus important qu’il n’y parait, une sorte de synthese intermediaire puisque son ?uvre n’est pas encore terminee et qu’a raison d’un texte par an, du moins si on cider with essay se limite a celui publie, il peut y avoir des nouveautes dans le futur… Amelie n’aime pas son corps depuis l’age de 13, dit-on. By Leonardo Da Vinci Essay! Blanche, l’heroine narratrice porteuse d’une grande partie du point de vue d’Amelie Nothomb, n’aime pas son corps, que dis-je, elle le deteste, elle l’abhorre ! La scene dans la chambre ou Christa exige avec fermete que Blanche se deshabille, puis passe une robe qu’elle-meme a essayee auparavant, pour que l’on puisse comparer les deux corps, une fois nus, mais aussi une fois revetus, est caracteristique de cette haine corporelle. Rosie! Laureline Amanieux, une biographe d’Amelie Nothomb, ecrit que lors de ses lectures de Rabelais la romanciere ne voyait pas le corps valorise ou divinise mais diabolise. Commercial! Pas etonnant qu’elle ait des problemes, aussi, avec la nourriture. Cider With Essay! Ce theme n’est que fort peu aborde dans ce roman, si ce n’est au moment de la galette des rois. Burning Problems Essay! Blanche est alors accusee par Christa, mais aussi ses parents, d’avoir avale la feve. Pourquoi ? Comment ? Tres peu d’explications par les uns et les autres, mais comme si quand on cider rosie mangeait a sa faim on problems essay pouvait avaler une feve par inattention, manque de respect aux aliments, pour nuire aux autres… Les parents ? Voila encore un theme qui apparait plusieurs fois et qui laisse perplexe. Essay! Blanche a des parents qu’elle aime. Graduate Project Apa! Si cet amour n’existait pas, elle ne serait pas desolee, puis attristee, enfin revoltee de les voir tomber, tete baissee, dans les pieges de la belle Christa. Cider! Cet amour parental est exigeant. Amelie aurait sans aucun doute aime etre plus aimee.

D’une part, il y avait un frere et une s?ur, ce qui n’est pas le cas dans Antechrista, et, d’autre part, est-il possible pour des parents d’aimer a egalite ? Quand Christa arrive dans la famille, elle prend la place de Blanche et les parents ne semblent plus voir Blanche… L’amour exclusif ? N’est-ce pas la une tres grosse interrogation d’Amelie Nothomb… Est-elle capable d’aimer autrement ? Probablement pas et, du coup, elle est condamnee a souffrir… C’est tres probablement cette souffrance qu’elle cache avec toutes ses excentricites… Un autre theme ? La lecture ! Oui, Blanche a besoin de s’isoler pour lire, lire pour construire, pour vivre… Elle n’arrete pas de le repeter, le lecteur n’est pas en dehors du monde, il est encore plus immerge dans le monde, le vrai, celui qui va a l’essentiel sans se laisser distraire… Derriere la lecture, arrive l’ecriture. The Last By Leonardo Da Vinci Essay! Blanche n’ecrit pas mais decouvre la litterature, un auteur en particulier qui compte beaucoup pour Amelie Nothomb, Georges Bernanos. Essay! Un auteur passionne, plein et fort, outrancier, traumatise par la question du mal, de l’humanite… Amelie Nothomb lui consacrera un travail universitaire… Mais, tous ces themes ne seraient pas grand-chose s’il n’y avait, au-dessus, une sorte de capuche, de protection totale, le theme majeur, celui qui eclate dans le roman, celui que l’on retrouve partout chez elle, les rapports des humains entre eux, a commencer par l’amour et l’amitie… sans oublier la haine ! Blanche, mal dans sa peau, dans son corps, dans son universite… cherche l’amitie de Christa. 100 Successful College Essays Edition! Elle croit la saisir et la voila qui, apres avoir effleure l’amour (construction cerebrale), plonge dans l’enfer de la haine… Je crois que c’est dans ces moments que Amelie Nothomb est la plus sincere. With Essay! Elle a trop souffert de ne pas arriver a se faire des amis, des vrais… Depuis son plus jeune age… Les succes, presque instantanes, qu’elle a rencontres ont piege ses relations avec les editeurs, les auteurs, les journalistes, les lecteurs… On ne s’interesse pas a elle, mais a ses succes… Du coup, elle s’isole encore plus… La souffrance de Blanche est probablement celle d’Amelie et c’est le point le plus fort du roman. A ce titre, c’est un texte qu’il faut lire pour tenter de la comprendre un peu mieux, au-dela des histoires de fruits blets, de fleurs sechees et de chapeaux un peu trop voyants… Ah ! Vous voulez une note… Par sympathie pour une auteure aussi decriee qu’adulee, en souvenir de nos rencontres autour d’un micro, du jour ou elle a dedicace Le sabotage amoureux a mon epouse en se trompant de prenom et sans oublier la lecture agreable et troublante de ce roman… Oui… cela merite bien un… Critique de Poupi (Montpellier, Inscrit le 11 aout 2005, 27 ans) - 19 novembre 2006. Howto Essay! L'ambiance de ce (court) roman est assez derangeante ; peut-etre est-ce pour ca que je n'ai pas aime Antechrista, pour son ambiance cruelle, malsaine, et j'en passe. Cider With! Bref, pas un des Nothomb que je garderai en memoire. Pollution In Punjabi! Critique de Hamnesa (montlucon, Inscrite le 16 juin 2006, 34 ans) - 17 juillet 2006. Essay! Enfin, voila encore une Amelie Nothomb finit, et toujours sous le charme. Critique de Magdalili (Bordeaux, Inscrite le 24 decembre 2005, 32 ans) - 30 avril 2006.

Critique de Da sofy (yevres, Inscrite le 2 avril 2006, 28 ans) - 4 avril 2006. The Last Supper Essay! Critique de Mieke Maaike (Bruxelles, Inscrite le 26 juillet 2005, 44 ans) - 21 fevrier 2006. Cider With Rosie Essay! Critique de Zondine (, Inscrite le 24 septembre 2005, 49 ans) - 20 fevrier 2006. Pollution! Critique de Manoune (, Inscrite le 14 octobre 2005, 27 ans) - 5 fevrier 2006. Cider With Rosie! Comment expliquer ce qu'on ressent face a la verite cette histoire semble tout droit sortie des bancs de nos ecoles qui n'a pas connu une antechrista totalement aimee de tous sauf de vous, ces periodes de doute qui vous accablent quand vous vous rendez compte que vous etes la seule personne a la voir comme ca, les moments d'euphorie ou elle derange magnifique reellement amelie nothomb serait-elle une de ces rares personnes a ne pas avoir oublie ce qu'est l'adolescence et donc tous les paradoxes que cela entraine. The Last Supper By Leonardo Da Vinci! Un petit livre agreable a lire. Critique de Tistou (, Inscrit le 10 mai 2004, 61 ans) - 29 janvier 2006. Cider Rosie Essay! Il y a un ton et des sujets « Nothombiens ». Essay! On est dans le ton et dans un de ces sujets.

Blanche, une jeune fille, pas encore bien dans sa peau, est subjuguee par l’allure et le comportement de Christa, une jeune fille du meme age, aussi extravertie que Blanche est intravertie. With Essay! Mais chez A. Law! Nothomb, une fois le cadre pose, on rosie va jusqu’au bout, a l’extreme. Essay! Et ce qui pourraient de petites considerations intimistes, de petits evenements, devient un roman ou l’on debouche, ni plus ni moins sur l’ »Antechrista ». Cider With Essay! C’est ce qu’il faut lui reconnaitre de bien a A. 100 Successful Application Essays Edition! Nothomb, cette capacite a en faire des tonnes, et a n’en avoir pas peur, sur un sujet a la base anodin. Cider With Essay! C’est peut etre en cela qu’elle se distingue d’autres auteurs a succes ? Car Antechrista se lit vite, certes, mais avec interet et l’ecriture est suffisamment soignee pour faciliter l’ingestion. 100 Successful College Application Essays Third! Alors on rosie essay aime ou on the last by leonardo n’aime pas A. Cider With Essay! Nothomb mais elle a un « quelque chose ». Pollution In Punjabi! Peut etre justement ce qui agace certains ? C’est court mais c’est original. Rosie Essay! Critique de Ilgott (Treves, Inscrit le 13 janvier 2006, 32 ans) - 19 janvier 2006. Burning Problems Of India! On en sort pas grandis mais c'est un moment de plaisir : On observe la psychologie d'une jeune ado. With Essay! troublante! Sans en dire plus, ce livre vous oblige a le terminer (tres vite lu au passage. Supper! ) On est tous un peu comme Blanche quelque part. With Essay! Critique de Tyty2410 (paris, Inscrite le 1 aout 2005, 30 ans) - 1 novembre 2005.

Critique de Clo31 (, Inscrite le 9 septembre 2005, 59 ans) - 17 octobre 2005. Problems Essay! Critique de Guigomas (Valenciennes, Inscrit le 1 juillet 2005, 47 ans) - 1 septembre 2005. Cider! En plus, c'est plutot bien ecrit comme toujours et l'histoire se tient (mais il est vrai que dans le bus, on howto essay ne reflechit pas beaucoup). Rosie Essay! Lyceennes, lyceens, en cette veille de rentree je vous le dis, lisez du Nothomb! et Antechrista est plutot pas mal. Pollution Essay In Punjabi Language! Critique de Manon (Paris, Inscrite le 31 juillet 2005, 28 ans) - 21 aout 2005. Cider With Rosie! Comme d'habitude Nothomb utilise dans son roman les themes qu'elle affectionne : la beaute, le corps, la souffrance, les relations ambigues etc. College Application! La relation cependant est trop simpliste, pas assez complexe a mon gout. Cider Essay! (Amelie Nothomb a fait mieux).

Ainsi, Blanche symboliserait la purete, la blancheur (avec ce prenom sans equivoque) et Christa serait synonyme d'egoisme et de cruaute ? Mais comme Bananamooon je trouve que cette Blanche sous son apparence de jeune fille rangee est parfois infernale et nombriliste (surtout vers la fin qui est assez baclee d'ailleurs). De plus, les personnages manquent singulierement de profondeur (excepte peut etre Blanche). Burning Problems Of India! Critique de Norway (Entre le Rhin, la Mediterranee et les Alpes !, Inscrite le 7 septembre 2004, 42 ans) - 24 juillet 2005. Cider Rosie Essay! Celui-ci est pourtant interessant. Language! Critique de Bananamooon (, Inscrite le 4 fevrier 2005, 28 ans) - 5 juillet 2005. Cider! Sinon, j'ai beaucoup aime le roman, sans doute un des meilleurs de Nothomb, bien que l'histoire soit un peu grosse pour y croire, en particulier les parents et leur facilite a renier leur fille pour miss-perfection. Thesis! Critique de Clem#039;s (Allonne, Inscrit le 2 juillet 2005, 30 ans) - 2 juillet 2005. With Rosie! Critique de Ice-like-eyes (nantes, Inscrite le 26 mars 2005, 33 ans) - 3 juin 2005. Thesis On International! Critique de Teardrop (, Inscrite le 25 mai 2005, 29 ans) - 25 mai 2005. With Essay! Comment se retrouver sous l'emprise de quelqu'un en quelques mots, quelques actes, comment se retrouver completement manipule.. Une histoire touchante, entrainante, contee par la reine de la plume, Amelie Nothomb, avec son style incisif et ses tournures recherchees.

Je vous le recommande. Pollution! Critique de Cami27 (, Inscrite le 13 fevrier 2005, 27 ans) - 13 fevrier 2005. Cider Rosie! J'ai apprecie de le lire mais sans plus. Howto Essay! Toutefois chacun ses gouts et il n'est pas mauvais loin de la. With Rosie! Critique de Rebelle (Paris, Inscrite le 9 janvier 2005, 23 ans) - 9 janvier 2005. Project Or Thesis! Critique de Kreen78 (Massy, Inscrite le 11 septembre 2004, 39 ans) - 4 decembre 2004. Cider Essay! Critique de Didane (, Inscrite le 2 decembre 2004, 36 ans) - 2 decembre 2004.

Critique de Violet (, Inscrite le 16 novembre 2004, 40 ans) - 16 novembre 2004. Apa! Antechrista est un roman que j'ai devore tellement je l'ai apprecie. Cider Essay! Comme d'habitude, Miss Amelie arrive a retenir notre attention jusqu'au bout par son style si incisif, avec cette facilite d'ecriture bien a elle. In Punjabi Language! Critique de Jadsmine (TOURS, Inscrite le 31 aout 2004, 48 ans) - 30 octobre 2004. Cider Rosie! Un theme plus proche de notre quotidien. Third! Critique de Nirvana ( Bruxelles, Inscrite le 7 avril 2004, 44 ans) - 30 octobre 2004. Rosie! Et la, ca derape, puisque les parents de Blanche vont reporter leurs reves d'enfant ideal sur Christa, au detriment de Blanche, leur propre fille, qui est d'ores et deja jugee par ses geniteurs. On International Law! On reconnait bien la la cruaute jubilatoire d'Amelie Nothomb. With Essay! D'un autre cote, le sujet est traite d'une maniere qui reste caricaturale,,mais le rapport dominant-domine, et l'analyse que Blanche porte sur elle-meme est tres bien dessinee. The Last Da Vinci! (meme si je l'ai trouvee parfois tres horripilante). With Rosie Essay! Merci pour ce bon moment de lecture. Commercial! Critique de Miriandel (Paris, Inscrit le 4 juillet 2004, 56 ans) - 29 juillet 2004.

Malheureusement, je retrouve les memes sources d'irritation que dans les autres romans de Nothomb que j'ai lus. Essay! Il me semble que le recit manque cruellement de credibilite. Or Thesis! Les reactions de Christa, et surtout celles des parents de Blanche, sont outrancieres. Cider! Volontairement poussees a l'extreme ? simples pretextes a roman sans aucun souci de vraisemblance ? C'est regrettable, meme si cela ne m'empechera pas d'encore lire Nothomb. College Essays Third Edition! Son besoin un peu pedant d'etaler sa culture se retrouve moins dans cet ouvrage que dans d'autres, mais (si je me souviens correctement) au moment ou elle parle du rock allemand, elle cite une chanson « so schrecklich », qui signifie « epouvantable » mais elle ne donne pas la traduction, privant le lecteur qui n'entend pas l'allemand d'une explication pourtant due. Cider! Horreur des notes de base de page, oubli, mepris, volonte deliberee ? A titre plus personnel, je regrette aussi ce genre de petite phrase assassine : « Pres de l'appareil, je consultai les pages jaunes et lus : Usines Machin : phosphates, produits chimiques, agro-alimentaire. The Last Essay! Des pollueurs a l'abri du besoin, en somme.» Le classement automatique de personnes dans le casier « gentil » ou « mechant » selon leur profession me derange fortement.

Enfin, chaque fois que j'ai lu un Nothomb, j'ai trouve trop importante la part theorique dans la connaissance qu'elle expose de la vie, par rapport a la part de vecu. Rosie! Curieusement, elle prete cette pensee a Blanche : « ceux qui croient que lire est une fuite sont a l'oppose de la verite. Howto Essay! Lire, c'est etre mis en presence du reel dans son etat le plus concentre [. Rosie Essay! ] ». Project! Que cette phrase soit une justification ou pas, elle illustre le principal reproche que je lui fais : j'ai du mal a avaler ses couleuvres, aussi jolies soient leurs couleurs. With Rosie! En conclusion, de la fort belle ecriture. Critique de Le petit K.V.Q. Essay In Punjabi Language! (Paris, Inscrit le 8 juillet 2004, 24 ans) - 8 juillet 2004. Cider! Critique de Isaluna (Bruxelles, Inscrite le 18 avril 2002, 60 ans) - 28 juin 2004.

Tout dans ce roman est observe, disseque, avec enormement de finesse : l'attente enorme de Blanche, la montee de la manipulation de Christa, les pauvres resistances de Blanche, la reddition totale de ses parents. Burning Essay! J'ai lu ce livre en une heure, le temps d'un trajet en train, et pendant cette heure, l'auteur a reussi a me mettre completement dans la peau de son personnage. Cider With! Une alchimie qui ne s'explique pas. Howto Essay! Critique de Sahkti (Geneve, Inscrite le 17 avril 2004, 43 ans) - 27 avril 2004. Cider Essay! Ce n'est pas faute d'avoir essaye, je lui reconnais volontiers un certain talent (elle est meme excellente dans certains ouvrages) mais c'est epidermique, je la trouve geigneuse (ca se dit ca?) Christa est consideree comme l’Antechrist par Blanche, on the last supper retrouve la dualite du bien et du mal, equation insoluble qui peut etre traitee a l’infini, sans qu’aucune verite ne voie jamais le jour. Cider With Rosie Essay! Amelie Nothomb estime que cette dualite est incontournable car source de souffrance et sans souffrance, nous n’existons pas. Souffrance qu’elle avoue volontiers ressentir par rapport a son corps, qu’elle considere comme monstrueux.

A la lecture de ce recit, je devine un nouveau reglement de compte d’Amelie avec elle-meme et serieusement, si je lui reconnais volontiers un certain style d’ecriture parfois plaisant, son ego et ce besoin de tout le temps parler d’elle me fatigue. Problems! Cela evite peut-etre de suivre une longue psychotherapie mais j’aimerais, de temps en temps, qu’elle cesse de se placer au centre du monde. Cider With! Critique de Catinus (Liege, Inscrit le 28 fevrier 2003, 66 ans) - 26 mars 2004. Project Or Thesis Apa! Non, alors le voici, ainsi dedicace : Au site dont d'aucuns croient que je suis l'auteur. With Rosie Essay! Amicalement, A.N. L#039;Envahisseuse ou un concentre d#039;exasperation. Pollution In Punjabi! Critique de Bluewitch (Quelque part sous les etoiles, entre Bruxelles et Charleroi, Inscrite le 20 fevrier 2001, 38 ans) - 9 fevrier 2004. Cider Rosie Essay! Christa, c'est l'incarnation de l'audace, du culot et de l'egocentrisme. Howto Essay! C'est l'existence a travers les autres. Cider Rosie! C'est celle qui vous agace, vous choque, vous derange et vous crispe a chaque ligne.

Et dans tout ca, il y a beaucoup, trop, de vrai. Meme si on problems of india en vient encore trop vite a bout, ce dernier roman a du peps et sa corrosion n'est pas feinte. Cider Rosie Essay! C'est de la sincerite qui passe derriere et on the last supper by leonardo essay est heureux de pouvoir l'attraper. Rosie Essay! Critique de Addison De Witt 75 (Paris, Inscrit le 5 fevrier 2004, 41 ans) - 5 fevrier 2004. The Last By Leonardo! Critique de Thomas Fors (Beloeil, Inscrit le 10 avril 2002, 81 ans) - 12 septembre 2003. Cider! Bonne route a vous tous. Graduate Project Or Thesis Apa! Critique de Thomas Fors (Beloeil, Inscrit le 10 avril 2002, 81 ans) - 2 septembre 2003.

Voici, je viens de terminer la lecture du dernier roman d'Amelie N. Cider With Essay! Comme toujours cette lecture est rapide, car le style est souple et la stimulation grande. Il ne faut pas penser pour autant que nous soyons en presence d'un roman de gare. Third Edition! Ce que dit Amelie est profond, presqu'autobiographique, elle sait de quoi elle parle. Cider With Rosie Essay! D'une amitie decue. Graduate Project Or Thesis Apa! Et, je me permets d'ajouter, Amelie est quelqu'un de tres ouvert en amitie.

Je sais de quoi je parle aussi. Cider Rosie Essay! Elle nous decrit avec finesse, avec delicatesse, avec precision, l'entree d'une adolescente (une oie Blanche ?)a l'universite. Burning Essay! Elle nous decrit la relation difficile qui s'etablit entre cette Blanche et une Christa avide de pouvoir(s). Cider! Et jusqu'a la fin du roman, l'intrigue n'est pas denouee. Howto Essay! Je lis peu de romans, ceux de mes amis souvent, et comme Amelie l'ecrit a la page 152 : On se trompe quand on with croit lire au hasard. Apa! C'est pourquoi j'ai decele un brin de fatalisme, de determinisme dans son roman.

Je crois a la liberte, mais qui sait ? Je vous invite a lire ce beau roman (ecrit par une femme). With Essay! De quoi vous former avec rapidite (mais la je traduis un peu la langue allemande)si vous en aviez besoin. Essay! Bonne route a vous toutes et tous. Cider Essay! En achetant chez nos partenaires, vous aurons une commission ! Mais faire vivre les libraires independants est important aussi.

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Cider with rosie essay – Shear …

How to Write a Great Business Plan. Every seasoned investor knows that detailed financial projections for cider with a new company are an application edition act of imagination. Nevertheless, most business plans pour far too much ink on the numbers–and far too little on the information that really matters. With Rosie Essay. Why? William Sahlman suggests that a great business plan is one that focuses on a series of questions.

These questions relate to the four factors critical to the success of every new venture: the people, the opportunity, the context, and the possibilities for both risk and reward. The questions about people revolve around three issues: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? As for opportunity, the plan should focus on two questions: Is the market for the venture’s product or service large or rapidly growing (or preferably both)? and Is the industry structurally attractive? Then, in addition to demonstrating an understanding of the context in which their venture will operate, entrepreneurs should make clear how they will respond when that context inevitably changes. Finally, the plan should look unflinchingly at the risks the new venture faces, giving would-be backers a realistic idea of on international commercial law what magnitude of essay reward they can expect and when they can expect it. A great business plan is not easy to compose, Sahlman acknowledges, largely because most entrepreneurs are wild-eyed optimists.

But one that asks the da vinci essay, right questions is a powerful tool. A better deal, not to mention a better shot at success, awaits entrepreneurs who use it. Few areas of business attract as much attention as new ventures, and with rosie, few aspects of new-venture creation attract as much attention as the business plan. Countless books and articles in the popular press dissect the topic. On International Law. A growing number of cider with essay annual business-plan contests are springing up across the United States and, increasingly, in other countries. Both graduate and thesis commercial law, undergraduate schools devote entire courses to cider essay, the subject.

Indeed, judging by all the hoopla surrounding business plans, you would think that the only things standing between a would-be entrepreneur and spectacular success are glossy five-color charts, a bundle of meticulous-looking spreadsheets, and a decade of month-by-month financial projections. Nothing could be further from the truth. In my experience with hundreds of entrepreneurial startups, business plans rank no higher than 2—on a scale from 1 to pollution, 10—as a predictor of a new venture’s success. And sometimes, in fact, the more elaborately crafted the document, the more likely the venture is to, well, flop, for lack of a more euphemistic word. What’s wrong with most business plans? The answer is relatively straightforward. Most waste too much ink on cider with rosie, numbers and on international law, devote too little to cider with rosie essay, the information that really matters to intelligent investors.

As every seasoned investor knows, financial projections for a new company—especially detailed, month-by-month projections that stretch out for more than a year—are an pollution essay in punjabi language act of imagination. An entrepreneurial venture faces far too many unknowns to predict revenues, let alone profits. Moreover, few if any entrepreneurs correctly anticipate how much capital and time will be required to accomplish their objectives. Typically, they are wildly optimistic, padding their projections. Investors know about the padding effect and therefore discount the cider essay, figures in business plans. These maneuvers create a vicious circle of howto essay inaccuracy that benefits no one. Don’t misunderstand me: business plans should include some numbers. But those numbers should appear mainly in cider essay, the form of a business model that shows the entrepreneurial team has thought through the key drivers of the venture’s success or failure. In manufacturing, such a driver might be the yield on a production process; in magazine publishing, the anticipated renewal rate; or in software, the impact of using various distribution channels.

The model should also address the break-even issue: At what level of sales does the pollution in punjabi language, business begin to make a profit? And even more important, When does cash flow turn positive? Without a doubt, these questions deserve a few pages in any business plan. Near the back. What goes at the front?

What information does a good business plan contain? If you want to speak the language of with essay investors—and also make sure you have asked yourself the application essays third, right questions before setting out on the most daunting journey of a businessperson’s career—I recommend basing your business plan on the framework that follows. It does not provide the kind of “winning” formula touted by some current how-to books and software programs for cider with essay entrepreneurs. Nor is it a guide to brain surgery. Rather, the framework systematically assesses the four interdependent factors critical to every new venture: The People. On International Commercial Law. The men and women starting and running the venture, as well as the outside parties providing key services or important resources for with essay it, such as its lawyers, accountants, and suppliers. The Opportunity.

A profile of the business itself—what it will sell and to whom, whether the business can grow and how fast, what its economics are, who and pollution essay language, what stand in the way of success. The Context. The big picture—the regulatory environment, interest rates, demographic trends, inflation, and the like—basically, factors that inevitably change but cannot be controlled by cider rosie, the entrepreneur. Risk and Reward. An assessment of supper da vinci everything that can go wrong and right, and cider with, a discussion of how the entrepreneurial team can respond.

Business Plans: For Entrepreneurs Only? The accompanying article talks mainly about business plans in a familiar context, as a tool for entrepreneurs. But quite often, start-ups are launched within established companies. Do those new ventures require business plans? And if they do, should they be different from the plans entrepreneurs put together? The answer to the first question is an emphatic yes; the answer to the second, an equally emphatic no. All new ventures—whether they are funded by venture capitalists or, as is the case with intrapreneurial businesses, by shareholders—need to pass the same acid tests. Graduate Project Apa. After all, the marketplace does not differentiate between products or services based on who is pouring money into cider with, them behind the scenes. The fact is, intrapreneurial ventures need every bit as much analysis as entrepreneurial ones do, yet they rarely receive it. Instead, inside big companies, new businesses get proposed in the form of capital-budgeting requests.

These faceless documents are subject to detailed financial scrutiny and a consensus-building process, as the project wends its way through the chain of 100 successful third edition command, what I call the “neutron bomb” model of project governance. Rosie. However, in howto essay, the history of such proposals, a plan never has been submitted that did not promise returns in excess of corporate hurdle rates. It is with rosie essay, only after the howto essay, new business is launched that these numbers explode at the organization’s front door. That problem could be avoided in large part if intrapreneurial ventures followed the guidelines set out in cider with rosie, the accompanying article. For instance, business plans for such a venture should begin with the résumés of all the people involved. What has the team done in the past that would suggest it would be successful in the future, and or thesis, so on? In addition, the new venture’s product or service should be fully analyzed in terms of its opportunity and cider with essay, context. Going through the process forces a kind of discipline that identifies weaknesses and strengths early on and helps managers address both. It also helps enormously if such discipline continues after the intrapreneurial venture lifts off.

When professional venture capitalists invest in new companies, they track performance as a matter of course. But in large companies, scrutiny of burning essay a new venture is often inconsistent. That shouldn’t or needn’t be the case. With Rosie Essay. A business plan helps managers ask such questions as: How is the new venture doing relative to howto essay, projections? What decisions has the team made in response to new information? Have changes in the context made additional funding necessary? How could the team have predicted those changes? Such questions not only keep a new venture running smoothly but also help an organization learn from cider rosie essay its mistakes and triumphs. Many successful companies have been built with the help of howto essay venture capitalists. Many of the underlying opportunities could have been exploited by rosie essay, large companies.

Why weren’t they? Perhaps useful lessons can be learned by project or thesis, studying the world of independent ventures, one lesson being: Write a great business plan. The assumption behind the rosie essay, framework is that great businesses have attributes that are easy to identify but hard to assemble. They have an howto essay experienced, energetic managerial team from the top to the bottom. The team’s members have skills and experiences directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing. Essay. Ideally, they will have worked successfully together in the past. The opportunity has an attractive, sustainable business model; it is possible to create a competitive edge and thesis, defend it. Many options exist for expanding the scale and scope of the business, and these options are unique to the enterprise and its team. Value can be extracted from the business in a number of ways either through a positive harvest event—a sale—or by scaling down or liquidating. The context is favorable with respect to both the regulatory and the macro-economic environments. Rosie Essay. Risk is understood, and the team has considered ways to mitigate the impact of difficult events.

In short, great businesses have the four parts of the framework completely covered. If only reality were so neat. When I receive a business plan, I always read the résumé section first. Not because the people part of the new venture is the by leonardo da vinci, most important, but because without the cider rosie essay, right team, none of the other parts really matters. I read the pollution essay, résumés of the venture’s team with a list of questions in mind. (See the with, insert “Who Are These People, Anyway?”) All these questions get at the same three issues about the burning problems, venture’s team members: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? Fourteen “Personal” Questions Every Business Plan Should Answer. Where are the cider with rosie, founders from?

Where have they been educated? Where have they worked—and for whom? What have they accomplished—professionally and personally—in the burning problems essay, past? What is their reputation within the business community? What experience do they have that is directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing? What skills, abilities, and knowledge do they have? How realistic are they about the cider essay, venture’s chances for commercial law success and the tribulations it will face? Who else needs to cider, be on the team? Are they prepared to recruit high-quality people? How will they respond to adversity?

Do they have the mettle to make the inevitable hard choices that have to be made? How committed are they to this venture? What are their motivations? What and essay language, whom they know are matters of insight and experience. How familiar are the team members with industry players and dynamics? Investors, not surprisingly, value managers who have been around the block a few times. A business plan should candidly describe each team member’s knowledge of the cider with essay, new venture’s type of project or thesis product or service; its production processes; and the market itself, from competitors to customers.

It also helps to indicate whether the cider rosie, team members have worked together before. Not played—as in roomed together in college—but worked . Investors also look favorably on a team that is known because the real world often prefers not to deal with start-ups. They’re too unpredictable. That changes, however, when the new company is commercial law, run by with rosie essay, people well known to suppliers, customers, and howto essay, employees. Their enterprise may be brand new, but they aren’t. The surprise element of working with a start-up is somewhat ameliorated. Finally, the people part of a business plan should receive special care because, simply stated, that’s where most intelligent investors focus their attention. A typical professional venture-capital firm receives approximately 2,000 business plans per year. These plans are filled with tantalizing ideas for new products and services that will change the rosie essay, world and howto essay, reap billions in the process—or so they say. But the fact is, most venture capitalists believe that ideas are a dime a dozen: only execution skills count.

As Arthur Rock, a venture capital legend associated with the formation of cider rosie such companies as Apple, Intel, and Teledyne, states, “I invest in howto essay, people, not ideas.” Rock also has said, “If you can find good people, if they’re wrong about the product, they’ll make a switch, so what good is it to with, understand the product that they’re talking about in the first place?” Business plan writers should keep this admonition in mind as they craft their proposal. Talk about the people—exhaustively. And if there is nothing solid about their experience and abilities to herald, then the entrepreneurial team should think again about launching the venture. When it comes to the opportunity itself, a good business plan begins by focusing on two questions: Is the the last supper essay, total market for the venture’s product or service large, rapidly growing, or both? Is the rosie, industry now, or can it become, structurally attractive? Entrepreneurs and investors look for large or rapidly growing markets mainly because it is often easier to the last supper by leonardo, obtain a share of a growing market than to fight with entrenched competitors for a share of a mature or stagnant market. Smart investors, in fact, try hard to cider essay, identify high-growth-potential markets early in da vinci essay, their evolution: that’s where the big payoffs are.

And, indeed, many will not invest in a company that cannot reach a significant scale (that is, $ 50 million in annual revenues) within five years. HBR Guide to Building Your Business Case Ebook + Tools. As for attractiveness, investors are obviously looking for markets that actually allow businesses to make some money. But that’s not the no-brainer it seems. In the with rosie essay, late 1970s, the computer disk-drive business looked very attractive. The technology was new and exciting. Dozens of pollution essay in punjabi companies jumped into the fray, aided by an army of professional investors. Twenty years later, however, the thrill is gone for managers and investors alike. Disk drive companies must design products to cider, meet the perceived needs of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and howto essay, end users. Cider With. Selling a product to OEMs is complicated.

The customers are large relative to most of their suppliers. There are lots of competitors, each with similar high-quality offerings. Moreover, product life cycles are short and ongoing technology investments high. The industry is subject to major shifts in technology and customer needs. Intense rivalry leads to lower prices and, hence, lower margins. In short, the graduate project or thesis apa, disk drive industry is simply not set up to make people a lot of with money; it’s a structural disaster area. The information services industry, by contrast, is paradise. Companies such as Bloomberg Financial Markets and essay language, First Call Corporation, which provide data to the financial world, have virtually every competitive advantage on their side.

First, they can assemble or create proprietary content—content that, by the way, is cider, like life’s blood to graduate project or thesis apa, thousands of money managers and stock analysts around the world. And although it is often expensive to develop the service and to acquire initial customers, once up and with, running, these companies can deliver content to customers very cheaply. Also, customers pay in advance of receiving the service, which makes cash flow very handsome, indeed. The Last Da Vinci Essay. In short, the cider with rosie, structure of the information services industry is essay language, beyond attractive: it’s gorgeous. The profit margins of Bloomberg and First Call put the disk drive business to shame.

The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It? Nine Questions About the Business Every Business Plan Should Answer. Who is the new venture’s customer? How does the customer make decisions about buying this product or service? To what degree is the product or service a compelling purchase for rosie the customer? How will the product or service be priced? How will the venture reach all the identified customer segments? How much does it cost (in time and burning, resources) to acquire a customer? How much does it cost to cider rosie essay, produce and deliver the product or service? How much does it cost to support a customer?

How easy is it to retain a customer? Thus, the howto essay, first step for entrepreneurs is to make sure they are entering an industry that is large and/or growing, and cider with essay, one that’s structurally attractive. In Punjabi Language. The second step is to make sure their business plan rigorously describes how this is the case. With Rosie. And if it isn’t the third edition, case, their business plan needs to specify how the venture will still manage to make enough of a profit that investors (or potential employees or suppliers, for cider rosie that matter) will want to participate. Once it examines the of india, new venture’s industry, a business plan must describe in detail how the company will build and launch its product or service into the marketplace. Again, a series of questions should guide the discussion. (See the insert “The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It?”) Often the answers to these questions reveal a fatal flaw in the business. I’ve seen entrepreneurs with a “great” product discover, for example, that it’s simply too costly to find customers who can and will buy what they are selling. Economically viable access to customers is the essay, key to business, yet many entrepreneurs take the Field of 100 successful college essays Dreams approach to this notion: build it, and they will come. That strategy works in the movies but is not very sensible in the real world.

It is not always easy to answer questions about the likely consumer response to cider essay, new products or services. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. (Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?) One entrepreneur I know proposed to introduce an electronic news-clipping service. Commercial. He made his pitch to a prospective venture-capital investor who rejected the plan, stating, “I just don’t think the dogs will eat the dog food.” Later, when the with rosie, entrepreneur’s company went public, he sent the venture capitalist an anonymous package containing an empty can of dog food and a copy of college application essays his prospectus. If it were easy to predict what people will buy, there wouldn’t be any opportunities. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?

Similarly, it is tough to guess how much people will pay for something, but a business plan must address that topic. Sometimes, the cider with, dogs will eat the howto essay, dog food, but only at a price less than cost. Investors always look for opportunities for cider with rosie essay value pricing—that is, markets in howto essay, which the costs to produce the product are low, but consumers will still pay a lot for it. No one is dying to invest in a company when margins are skinny. Rosie. Still, there is money to the last supper essay, be made in inexpensive products and services—even in commodities. A business plan must demonstrate that careful consideration has been given to the new venture’s pricing scheme. The list of questions about the cider, new venture’s opportunity focuses on the direct revenues and the costs of producing and marketing a product.

That’s fine, as far as it goes. A sensible proposal, however, also involves assessing the business model from a perspective that takes into account the investment required—that is, the balance sheet side of the equation. The following questions should also be addressed so that investors can understand the cash flow implications of pursuing an opportunity: When does the business have to buy resources, such as supplies, raw materials, and people? When does the business have to pay for them? How long does it take to acquire a customer?

How long before the customer sends the business a check? How much capital equipment is required to thesis, support a dollar of sales? Investors, of course, are looking for businesses in which management can buy low, sell high, collect early, and pay late. The business plan needs to cider with, spell out how close to burning essay, that ideal the new venture is expected to come. Even if the answer is “not very”—and it usually is—at least the truth is out there to discuss. The opportunity section of with essay a business plan must also bring a few other issues to the surface. First, it must demonstrate and analyze how an opportunity can grow—in other words, how the new venture can expand its range of products or services, customer base, or geographic scope. Often, companies are able to create virtual pipelines that support the economically viable creation of new revenue streams.

In the publishing business, for example, Inc. magazine has expanded its product line to burning problems, include seminars, books, and videos about entrepreneurship. Similarly, building on the success of its personal-finance software program Quicken, Intuit now sells software for cider with rosie essay electronic banking, small-business accounting, and tax preparation, as well as personal-printing supplies and on-line information services—to name just a few of its highly profitable ancillary spin-offs. Now, lots of business plans runneth over on the subject of the howto essay, new venture’s potential for with rosie growth and burning, expansion. Essay. But they should likewise runneth over in explaining how they won’t fall into the last supper, some common opportunity traps. One of those has already been mentioned: industries that are at their core structurally unattractive. But there are others. The world of cider with invention, for problems of india essay example, is fraught with danger. Over the past 15 years, I have seen scores of individuals who have devised a better mousetrap—newfangled creations from inflatable pillows for use on airplanes to cider with rosie, automated car-parking systems. Few of these idea-driven companies have really taken off, however. Application Essays Edition. I’m not entirely sure why.

Sometimes, the inventor refuses to spend the money required by or share the rewards sufficiently with the business side of the company. Other times, inventors become so preoccupied with their inventions they forget the customer. Whatever the rosie, reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Another opportunity trap that business plans—and entrepreneurs in general—need to pay attention to is the college third edition, tricky business of with essay arbitrage. Graduate Project Or Thesis. Basically, arbitrage ventures are created to with rosie, take advantage of some pricing disparity in graduate project or thesis apa, the marketplace. Rosie. MCI Communications Corporation, for instance, was formed to offer long-distance service at a lower price than ATT. Some of the industry consolidations going on today reflect a different kind of arbitrage—the ability to buy small businesses at a wholesale price, roll them up together into a larger package, and take them public at commercial law a retail price, all without necessarily adding value in the process. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Taking advantage of arbitrage opportunities is a viable and potentially profitable way to enter a business. In the final analysis, however, all arbitrage opportunities evaporate. With Essay. It is not a question of whether, only when.

The trick in commercial law, these businesses is to use the arbitrage profits to build a more enduring business model, and business plans must explain how and when that will occur. As for competition, it probably goes without saying that all business plans should carefully and thoroughly cover this territory, yet some don’t. That is a glaring omission. Cider With Rosie. For starters, every business plan should answer the following questions about the competition: Who are the new venture’s current competitors?

What resources do they control? What are their strengths and weaknesses? How will they respond to howto essay, the new venture’s decision to enter the business? How can the new venture respond to its competitors’ response? Who else might be able to observe and exploit the same opportunity? Are there ways to co-opt potential or actual competitors by with, forming alliances?

Business is like chess: to application third, be successful, you must anticipate several moves in advance. A business plan that describes an insuperable lead or a proprietary market position is by definition written by naïve people. That goes not just for with essay the competition section of the business plan but for the entire discussion of the opportunity. All opportunities have promise; all have vulnerabilities. A good business plan doesn’t whitewash the latter.

Rather, it proves that the howto essay, entrepreneurial team knows the good, the bad, and the ugly that the venture faces ahead. Opportunities exist in cider with rosie essay, a context. At one level is the macroeconomic environment, including the level of economic activity, inflation, exchange rates, and interest rates. Graduate Apa. At another level are the wide range of government rules and cider rosie essay, regulations that affect the opportunity and how resources are marshaled to exploit it. Examples extend from tax policy to the rules about raising capital for a private or public company. Burning Problems Of India. And at yet another level are factors like technology that define the cider essay, limits of what a business or its competitors can accomplish. Context often has a tremendous impact on every aspect of the entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to harvest.

In some cases, changes in some contextual factor create opportunity. More than 100 new companies were formed when the airline industry was deregulated in the late 1970s. The context for financing was also favorable, enabling new entrants like People Express to on international commercial law, go to the public market for capital even before starting operations. Conversely, there are times when the context makes it hard to start new enterprises. The recession of the early 1990s combined with a difficult financing environment for new companies: venture capital disbursements were low, as was the amount of capital raised in the public markets. (Paradoxically, those relatively tight conditions, which made it harder for new entrants to get going, were associated with very high investment returns later in the 1990s, as capital markets heated up.) Sometimes, a shift in context turns an unattractive business into an attractive one, and with essay, vice versa. Consider the case of pollution essay language a packaging company some years ago that was performing so poorly it was about to be put on the block. Then came the Tylenol-tampering incident, resulting in multiple deaths. The packaging company happened to have an efficient mechanism for installing tamper-proof seals, and in a matter of with rosie weeks its financial performance could have been called spectacular. Conversely, U.S. tax reforms enacted in 1986 created havoc for companies in the real estate business, eliminating almost every positive incentive to invest.

Many previously successful operations went out of thesis business soon after the new rules were put in place. Every business plan should contain certain pieces of evidence related to context. First, the cider with essay, entrepreneurs should show a heightened awareness of the new venture’s context and how it helps or hinders their specific proposal. Second, and the last supper essay, more important, they should demonstrate that they know the venture’s context will inevitably change and describe how those changes might affect the business. Further, the business plan should spell out what management can (and will) do in the event the context grows unfavorable. Finally, the business plan should explain the cider essay, ways (if any) in by leonardo da vinci, which management can affect context in a positive way. For example, management might be able to have an impact on rosie, regulations or on industry standards through lobbying efforts. The concept that context is fluid leads directly to the fourth leg of the thesis on international commercial law, framework I propose: a discussion of risk and rosie, how to manage it.

I’ve come to think of a good business plan as a snapshot of an event in the future. That’s quite a feat to begin with—taking a picture of the burning of india, unknown. But the best business plans go beyond that; they are like movies of the future. They show the people, the with, opportunity, and the context from multiple angles. They offer a plausible, coherent story of project or thesis what lies ahead. They unfold possibilities of action and reaction. Good business plans, in other words, discuss people, opportunity, and context as a moving target. All three factors (and the relationship among them) are likely to change over time as a company evolves from start-up to ongoing enterprise. Therefore, any business plan worth the time it takes to write or read needs to cider with essay, focus attention on the dynamic aspects of the entrepreneurial process. When it comes to the matter of risk and reward in a new venture, a business plan benefits enormously from the 100 successful essays third edition, inclusion of two graphs.

Perhaps graphs is the cider with rosie, wrong word; these are really just schematic pictures that illustrate the howto essay, most likely relationship between risk and reward, that is, the relationship between the opportunity and its economics. High finance they are not, but I have found both of with these pictures say more to investors than a hundred pages of charts and prose. The first picture depicts the amount of money needed to launch the burning problems essay, new venture, time to positive cash flow, and the expected magnitude of the with rosie essay, payoff. This image helps the investor understand the depth and duration of negative cash flow, as well as the relationship between the investment and the possible return. The ideal, needless to essay in punjabi, say, is to have cash flow early and often. Cider Rosie Essay. But most investors are intrigued by the picture even when the cash outflow is howto essay, high and cider essay, long—as long as the cash inflow is more so. Of course, since the howto essay, world of new ventures is populated by wild-eyed optimists, you might expect the picture to display a shallower hole and a steeper reward slope than it should. It usually does. But to be honest, even that kind of picture belongs in the business plan because it is a fair warning to investors that the new venture’s team is completely out of touch with reality and should be avoided at all costs.

The second picture complements the first. It shows investors the cider with, range of possible returns and the likelihood of achieving them. The following example shows investors that there is a 15 % chance they would have been better off using their money as wall-paper. The flat section reveals that there is a negligible chance of losing only a small amount of money; companies either fail big or create enough value to achieve a positive return. The hump in the middle suggests that there is graduate or thesis apa, a significant chance of earning between 15 % and 45 % in cider with essay, the same time period. And finally, there is burning problems of india, a small chance that the initial outlay of cash will spawn a 200 % internal rate of return, which might have occurred if you had happened to invest in Microsoft when it was a private company. Basically, this picture helps investors determine what class of investment the business plan is presenting. Is the new venture drilling for North Sea oil—highly risky with potentially big payoffs—or is it digging development wells in Texas, which happens to be less of a geological gamble and probably less lucrative, too? This image answers that kind of cider rosie essay question. It’s then up to the investors to decide how much risk they want to burning, live with against what kind of odds. Again, the people who write business plans might be inclined to skew the picture to make it look as if the probability of a significant return is downright huge and the possibility of loss is negligible.

And, again, I would say therein lies the picture’s beauty. What it claims, checked against cider, the investor’s sense of project or thesis apa reality and experience, should serve as a simple pictorial caveat emptor. Of course, the future is cider with rosie essay, hard to predict. Still, it is pollution essay in punjabi language, possible to with essay, give potential investors a sense of the burning essay, kind and class of risk and reward they are assuming with a new venture. With Rosie. All it takes is a pencil and two simple drawings. (See the insert “Visualizing Risk and Reward.”) But even with these drawings, risk is, well, risky. In reality, there are no immutable distributions of outcomes. It is ultimately the responsibility of management to change the distribution, to increase the likelihood and consequences of success, and to decrease the likelihood and implications of problems. One of the great myths about graduate project apa entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers.

All sane people want to avoid risk. As Harvard Business School professor (and venture capitalist) Howard Stevenson says, true entrepreneurs want to capture all the reward and give all the cider with essay, risk to the last supper by leonardo da vinci, others. The best business is a post office box to which people send cashier’s checks. Yet risk is unavoidable. So what does that mean for a business plan? It means that the plan must unflinchingly confront the risks ahead—in terms of people, opportunity, and context.

What happens if one of the new venture’s leaders leaves? What happens if a competitor responds with more ferocity than expected? What happens if there is essay, a revolution in Namibia, the source of a key raw material? What will management actually do ? Those are hard questions for by leonardo da vinci essay an entrepreneur to pose, especially when seeking capital. But a better deal awaits those who do pose them and then provide solid answers.

A new venture, for example, might be highly leveraged and cider rosie, therefore very sensitive to interest rates. Its business plan would benefit enormously by stating that management intends to hedge its exposure through the financial-futures market by purchasing a contract that does well when interest rates go up. That is the equivalent of offering investors insurance. (It also makes sense for the business itself.) Finally, one important area in graduate project or thesis apa, the realm of risk/reward management relates to harvesting. Venture capitalists often ask if a company is “IPOable,” by which they mean, Can the company be taken public at some point in the future? Some businesses are inherently difficult to take public because doing so would reveal information that might harm its competitive position (for example, it would reveal profitability, thereby encouraging entry or angering customers or suppliers). Some ventures are not companies, but rather products—they are not sustainable as independent businesses. One of the greatest myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers.

All sane people want to avoid risk. Therefore, the business plan should talk candidly about the end of the process. How will the investor eventually get money out of the business, assuming it is successful, even if only marginally so? When professionals invest, they particularly like companies with a wide range of exit options. They like companies that work hard to preserve and enhance those options along the way, companies that don’t, for example, unthinkingly form alliances with big corporations that could someday actually buy them.

Investors feel a lot better about risk if the venture’s endgame is discussed up front. There is an old saying, “If you don’t know where you are going, any road will get you there.” In crafting sensible entrepreneurial strategies, just the opposite is true: you had better know where you might end up and have a map for getting there. A business plan should be the place where that map is drawn, for, as every traveler knows, a journey is a lot less risky when you have directions. Once a business plan is written, of course, the goal is to land a deal. Rosie Essay. That is a topic for another article in thesis on international commercial, itself, but I will add a few words here. When I talk to young (and old) entrepreneurs looking to finance their ventures, they obsess about the cider, valuation and howto essay, terms of the deal they will receive.

Their explicit goal seems to be to with rosie essay, minimize the or thesis apa, dilution they will suffer in raising capital. Implicitly, they are also looking for rosie essay investors who will remain as passive as a tree while they go about building their business. On the howto essay, food chain of investors, it seems, doctors and cider rosie essay, dentists are best and venture capitalists are worst because of the degree to which the latter group demands control and a large share of the returns. That notion—like the idea that excruciatingly detailed financial projections are useful—is nonsense. From whom you raise capital is on international law, often more important than the terms.

New ventures are inherently risky, as I’ve noted; what can go wrong will. When that happens, unsophisticated investors panic, get angry, and often refuse to cider with rosie essay, advance the company more money. Sophisticated investors, by contrast, roll up their sleeves and help the company solve its problems. Often, they’ve had lots of experience saving sinking ships. They are typically process literate. They understand how to craft a sensible business strategy and a strong tactical plan. They know how to recruit, compensate, and motivate team members. They are also familiar with the Byzantine ins and outs of going public—an event most entrepreneurs face but once in a lifetime. This kind of know-how is worth the money needed to buy it. There is an supper by leonardo da vinci essay old expression directly relevant to entrepreneurial finance: “Too clever by half.” Often, deal makers get very creative, crafting all sorts of payoff and option schemes.

That usually backfires. My experience has proven again and again that sensible deals have the cider with rosie, following six characteristics: They do not blow apart if actual differs slightly from problems essay plan. They do not provide perverse incentives that will cause one or both parties to behave destructively. With. They are written on a pile of papers no greater than one-quarter inch thick. But even these six simple rules miss an important point.

A deal should not be a static thing, a one-shot document that negotiates the disposition of a lump sum. Instead, it is incumbent upon entrepreneurs, before they go searching for funding, to think about capital acquisition as a dynamic process—to figure out how much money they will need and when they will need it. How is that accomplished? The trick is for project the entrepreneurial team to treat the new venture as a series of with essay experiments. Before launching the whole show, launch a little piece of it. Convene a focus group to test the graduate or thesis apa, product, build a prototype and rosie, watch it perform, conduct a regional or local rollout of a service. Such an exercise reveals the on international law, true economics of the business and can help enormously in determining how much money the new venture actually requires and in what stages. Entrepreneurs should raise enough, and investors should invest enough, capital to fund each major experiment. Experiments, of course, can feel expensive and risky. But I’ve seen them prevent disasters and help create successes.

I consider it a prerequisite of cider with essay putting together a winning deal. Among the many sins committed by business plan writers is essay in punjabi, arrogance. With Rosie Essay. In today’s economy, few ideas are truly proprietary. Thesis Commercial. Moreover, there has never been a time in recorded history when the supply of capital did not outrace the supply of opportunity. The true half-life of cider with rosie essay opportunity is decreasing with the passage of time. A business plan must not be an albatross that hangs around the neck of the entrepreneurial team, dragging it into oblivion. Instead, a business plan must be a call for action, one that recognizes management’s responsibility to fix what is broken proactively and in real time.

Risk is inevitable, avoiding risk impossible. Risk management is the key, always tilting the pollution essay in punjabi, venture in favor of reward and away from risk. A plan must demonstrate mastery of the entire entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to harvest. It is not a way to separate unsuspecting investors from their money by hiding the rosie, fatal flaw. For in the last supper by leonardo essay, the final analysis, the only one being fooled is the entrepreneur. We live today in the golden age of cider entrepreneurship. Although Fortune 500 companies have shed 5 million jobs in the past 20 years, the overall economy has added almost 30 million. Many of those jobs were created by entrepreneurial ventures, such as Cisco Systems, Genentech, and Microsoft.

Each of the last by leonardo da vinci essay those companies started with a business plan. Is that why they succeeded? There is no knowing for sure. But there is cider with rosie, little doubt that crafting a business plan so that it thoroughly and pollution, candidly addresses the ingredients of success—people, opportunity, context, and the risk/reward picture—is vitally important. In the absence of a crystal ball, in fact, a business plan built of the right information and rosie essay, analysis can only be called indispensable.

William A. Sahlman is the Dimitri V. D’Arbeloff-MBA Class of 1955 Professor of essay in punjabi Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.

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city council resume WILLIAM B. (BERNIE) HERPIN, JR. M.A., Computer Resource Management, Webster University, St. Louis, MO, 1985 B.S., Aerospace Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 1973 Implementing DOD-STD-2167A and 2168, U.S. Professional Development Institute, 1988 Computer Science/Information Systems Courses, University of Colorado at cider with rosie, Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, CO, 1981 to 1982 Computer System Security, Department of Defense Computer Institute, 1978 Strategic Warfare Systems, Naval Submarine Training Center (Pacific), Pearl Harbor, HI, 1974 Satellite Navigation Systems, Naval Guided Missile School, Damneck, VA, 1979 CompTIA Security+ Certification, 2008. Project Management and Reporting Systems Engineering Feasibility Analysis System Analysis Configuration Management Life Cycle Support Microcomputer Applications Web Design and Development.

Colorado State Senate. 200 E Colfax Ave. Denver, CO 80203. September 2013 to January 2015: State Senator, District 11. State legislator. Supper By Leonardo Essay. Member of: Senate State, Veterans, and with Military Affairs Committee Senate Local Government Committee. Lockheed Martin Information Systems Global Services.

2020 N Academy Blvd Ste 300. Colorado Springs, CO 80909-1568. September 2008 to December 2013: Senior Information Systems Analyst. Responsible for providing technical assistance to 1st Space Operation Squadron at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado. El Paso County Clerk and Recorder. 300 S Cascade Ave. Colorado Springs, CO 80903. May 2008 - September 2008: Election Clerk. Lead, Mail-In Ballot Request and burning Fulfillment Team.

Responsible for reviewing and entering voter registration data into statewide database. Led team in preparing and mailing mail-in ballots to voters. Assisted with conduct of with 2008 primary election. Lockheed Martin Information Technology. 2020 N Academy Blvd Ste 300. Colorado Springs, CO 80909-1568.

January 2003 to April 2008: Senior Configuration Management Analyst. Responsible for the administration and configuration of computer software, databases, and files for the Global Positioning System (GPS) Master Control Station (MCS) at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado. City of Colorado Springs. 107 N Nevada Ave., Suite 300. Colorado Springs, CO 80903. April 2009 to April 2013: District 4 City Councilman. Elected to City Council to represent District 4. Member of the project apa, legislative body for the City of Colorado Springs. Set policies and enact city ordinances. Interact with citizens. Review and approve multi-million dollar budget.

Assist in the supervision of Council-appointed City Manager, Clerk, Attorney, Auditor, and Director of City Utilities. Cider Essay. Serve as a member of the howto essay, Colorado Springs Utilities Board of Directors. Serve as an alternate member on the Pikes Peak Rural Transportation Authority Board of Directors. Serve as a Regional Building Department commissioner. March 2006 to April 2007: At-Large City Councilman. Appointed to City Council to complete term of councilmember who resigned.

Member of the legislative body for the City of Colorado Springs. Set policies and enacted city ordinances. Interacted with citizens. Reviewed and approved $240,000,000 budget. Assisted in the supervision of with rosie essay Council-appointed City Manager, Clerk, Attorney, Auditor, and burning of india Director of City Utilities. Served as a member of the Colorado Springs Utilities Board of Directors. National Systems Research Co. 5385 Mark Dabling Blvd., Suite 200. Colorado Springs, CO 80918. January 2001 to cider rosie, January 2003: Senior Configuration Management Analyst. Was responsible for the administration and pollution configuration of computer software, databases, and files for the Global Positioning System (GPS) Master Control Station (MCS) at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado.

October 1999 to January 2001: Contract Administrator. Was responsible for the administration of more than 15 contracts with a value in excess of $100,000,000. Administered subcontracts. Prepared contract modifications and funding documents. Prepared proposals in response to requests for cider, proposals from government and commercial customers. NSR Information, Inc . A National Systems Research Company. 5475 Mark Dabling Blvd., Suite 200. Colorado Springs, CO 80918.

Site Supporting: Schriever AFB, CO. September 1995 to burning of india, September 1999: Project Manager. Was responsible for project management of the Global Positioning (GPS) Operational Control Segment (OCS) Support Contract (GOSC) software maintenance and cider with rosie essay configuration management subcontract line items. Supervised 18 people. Determined NSRI staffing needs; hired, evaluated, terminated, and determined compensation for NSRI employees; and on international budgeted, evaluated, and reported on project resources. Essay. Worked with prime contractor and other teammates to determine appropriate staffing levels and areas. Prepared project status reports for prime contractor and essay briefed project status to senior NSRI management. Acted as Program Manager for entire GOSC effort in absence of Program Manager.

Used Lotus 1-2-3, Microsoft Project, Corel WordPerfect, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Access. National Systems Research Co. 5475 Mark Dabling Blvd., Suite 200. Colorado Springs, CO 80918. Site Supporting: Falcon AFB, CO. February 1990 to rosie, August 1995: Systems Analyst III/Deputy Program Manager. Project Leader in support of the GPS Software Support (GSS) Contract. Was responsible for labor hour accounting and reporting. Assisted Program Manager in contract management, provided program management in absence of Program Manager. Howto Essay. As a Systems Requirement Analyst, was responsible for providing system requirements definition, system impact analyses, industry trade studies, and system performance requirements analyses.

Provided evaluation of engineering, design, and testing of the GPS OCS development project. Served as Administrator for the GPS Master Control Station (MCS) Design Review Board (DRB). Tracked and reported status on various version release schedules. As Microcomputer System Manager, was responsible for cider with essay, 37 AT-compatible systems. Evaluate PC hardware and software and burning essay recommend purchases. Maintain system configurations and provide user support. July 1985 to February 1990: Senior Systems Engineer. Project leader for acquisition support to Headquarters Air Force Space Command, Control, and Communications Division for Mobile Command and Control System (MCCS) support. Was responsible for reviewing software specifications and requirements. Developed Interface Requirements Specification (IRS) Interface Control Drawing (ICD) for MCCS external interfaces.

Provided technical and management advice in the development of MCCS software. Participated in the preparation of large scale proposals in response to with rosie essay, Government Requests for Proposal. Developed applications on supper by leonardo IBM PC/XT/AT compatible microcomputer systems using Condor III, PeachText 5000, WordPerfect, Smart Integrated Systems, SuperProject Expert, Microsoft Project, Lotus 1-2-3, FORTRAN, COBOL, BASIC, and Pascal. Implemented an electronic bulletin board system using eSoft's TBBS. Assisted in the development of a large data base interface program written in FORTRAN on a VAX 11/750 system. HERCO Computer Services. Colorado Springs, CO 80909. January 1981 to cider with rosie essay, Present: Owner. Provided database management support to project apa, a major nonprofit organization.

Developed database applications using Informix SmartWare II for an 8,000 member organization. With Rosie. Provided specialized mailing services. Provided accounting services for religious organization responsible for the preparation and administration of $120,000 annual budget. Provided financial reports, payroll, and project or thesis financial accounting. Cider With Essay. Developed accounts payable, accounts receivable, and payroll system for specialized church application. Burning. Prepared and submitted state and federal tax reports. Assisted small businesses in with specifying and installing small computer systems. Served as System Operator (SYSOP) for Pikes Peak Computer Applications Society, Inc.

Electronic Bulletin Board System using eSoft's TBBS. Developed relational database system for the Colorado Springs Police Department, Office of Volunteer Services, using Informix SmartWare 3.01. In addition to developing a personal Web site, developed and maintained Web pages for the Pikes Peak Firearms Coalition using Microsoft FrontPage, Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), and in punjabi Java. Performed contract labor to cider essay, a major music distributor. Designed and burning developed modules for an order fulfillment system using Informix SmartWare database and project processing language. Modules included credit card verification, sales tax calculation, and cider essay shipping information.

Peak InfoSystems, Inc. Manitou Springs, CO 80829. June 1982 to July 1985: System Analyst (Part Time) Consultant to on international law, small businesses specializing in microcomputer applications. Conducted requirements reviews; specified and installed systems; evaluated system security and back-up and recovery procedures; provided user training.

Developed and modified customized and off-the-shelf business software. Headquarters, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) Peterson Air Force Base, CO 80914. June 1984 to July 1985: Computer Staff Officer, Section Chief. Evaluated and rosie recommended disposition on all proposed software changes to Cheyenne Mountain Complex computer systems consisting of graduate or thesis more than ten million lines of rosie code operating on six Honeywell H6000 series computer systems. Represented users at Configuration Review Boards and presented proposed modifications to the NORAD Configuration Control Board. Acted as interface between users and developers. Determined content of burning essay major software releases. Authored NORAD/Space Command configuration control regulation which established configuration control policy for all NORAD Cheyenne Mountain Complex computer and rosie communications systems.

Chief quality assurance evaluator for $8M software maintenance and modification contract responsible for evaluating the performance of a major defense contractor who maintained the computer software for pollution essay, NORAD systems. Conducted technical evaluation of with rosie bidder's proposal for howto essay, contract renewal and participated in contract negotiations. Managed two officers. Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations project officer for small (personal) computers. Represented NORAD/Space Command at Air Force Small Computer Conferences. Programmed microcomputer applications in FORTRAN, COBOL, BASIC, Pascal, Lotus 1-2-3, and cider Condor rDBMS on Zenith Z-100 system. June 1980 to essay, June 1984: Computer Staff Officer, Branch Chief. Managed configuration of communications system software.

Evaluated and recommended disposition of all proposed software changes to more than three million lines of code operating on Honeywell H6060 computer systems. Represented users at Configuration Review Boards and presented proposed modifications to the NORAD Configuration Control Board. Technical evaluator for cider essay, replacement communications system procurement evaluating technical proposals from on international, several major defense contractors for $200 million replacement program. Programmed configuration control management system in COBOL on essay Honeywell 6060 system. USS ROBERT E. LEE. Pearl Harbor, HI. June 1979 to June 1980: Operations Officer/Navigator.

Department head for three divisions (2 officers, 25 enlisted). Planned and supervised ship's operations, communications, and satellite navigation. Prepared and administered $2 million annual budget. Pollution Essay Language. Supervised training for with, 140 people. Received Commander, Submarine Force (Pacific) Letter of on international law Commendation. Naval Submarine Training Center (Pacific) Pearl Harbor, HI. May 1977 to June 1979: Training Support Officer. Department head for Data Processing, Administrative, Personnel, and Scheduling Divisions. Executive assistant to commanding officer.

Computer Security Officer. Responsible for all Honeywell mainframe ADP operations including specifying, acquiring, and cider with rosie managing ADP resources. Supervised 31 people. Thesis. Managed development and maintenance of more than 300,000 lines of COBOL code supporting administrative, personnel, and course scheduling software running on with rosie a Honeywell H6060 computer system. Interfaced communicating word processing systems with Honeywell mainframe system and developed interfacing program to allow automatic capture of essay language administrative information. Developed submarine force security area access control system in COBOL on Univac U-1500 system.

Designated a Navy Computer System Sub-specialist. Awarded Navy Commendation Medal. USS JOHN MARSHALL. Pearl Harbor, HI. May 1976 to May 1977: Assistant Weapons Officer. Supervised receipt, inspection, maintenance, and launching of Polaris missiles. Division officer for cider rosie, 15 man division. Programmed security control system in FORTRAN on Honeywell 6060 system. USS JOHN MARSHALL. December 1973 to May 1976: Communications Officer.

Supervised submarine communications including communications operations, security, training, personnel, and 100 successful college application essays third budget. Cider. COMSEC Custodian. Top Secret Control Officer. Division officer for thesis on international law, eight man division. University of Kansas. August 1968 to January 1973: Aerospace Engineering Student. Developed computer program to evaluate flight characteristics of cider with small aircraft. Problems. Instituted Department of Aerospace Engineering computer program library. Developed personnel and cider with rosie payroll management system for local business. USS SIMON BOLIVAR. May 1967 to August 1968: Nuclear Power Plant Operator.

Electronic technician nuclear power plant operator responsible for operation and maintenance of a submarine nuclear power plant and pollution essay in punjabi support equipment. Technical librarian for nuclear power plant publications. Volunteer with the CSPD serving in a number of positions. Recognized for having provided more than 4,000 volunteer hours since 1987. 1987: Victim Contact Program. Made follow-up calls to crime victims to cider rosie essay, see if they needed assistance. 1988-1990: DUI Enforcement Team. Clerk for DUI Team, maintained files, completed paperwork, sent reports to State. Received Outstanding Traffic Volunteer Award. 1987-1995: Special Projects.

Setup and maintain Volunteer Hours Tracking and Reporting System used to track and report volunteer hours. 1988-Present: Senior Victim Assistance Team. Caseworker assisting seniors who have been a victim of crime or traffic crash. The Last Supper. Provide counseling and referral services. With Rosie Essay. Team members take turns being on-call, 24-hours per college essays edition day, 365-days per with rosie year. Received Commander's Commendation from Central Division Commander, December 1995. Served two terms as Team Leader and one term as Assistant Team Leader. 1993-2001: Handicapped Parking Enforcement Unit. Or Thesis. Special patrolman with responsibility for enforcing handicapped parking ordinances.

Issue citations, testify in cider with court, track and provide statistics. Project Apa. Selected as Volunteer Officer of the Month for January 1996. Received Commander's Commendation, December, 1996. The Judicial Performance Commissions were created in 1988 by the Colorado General Assembly for with, the purpose of providing voters with fair, responsible, and constructive evaluations of trial and appellate judges and justices seeking retention in general elections. 2002-2009: Member. Problems Of India Essay. Appointed by Colorado Governor Bill Owens to the Fourth Judicial District commission with responsibility for evaluating district and county judges and with magistrates. Burning. Interviewed and evaluated judges standing for retention.

Helped author retention recommendations sent to cider rosie, all voters. Public Safety Sales Tax Oversight Committee (PSSTOC) I n November 2001, voters approved a 4/10 of howto essay a cent Public Safety Sales Tax (PSST) increase. PSST funding is dedicated solely to public safety personnel, equipment, operations, and cider rosie facilities. The revenue generated from the PSST is placed in a dedicated fund, separate from the City's General Fund. The Public Safety Sales Tax Oversight Committee (PSSTOC) is a citizens committee of 11 members, appointed by City Council that provides oversight of the expenditures from the PSST fund.

The PSSTOC's role is to ensure that the 100 successful application edition, City accomplishes the projects and cider rosie essay services voters approved in November 2001. 2007-2009, 2013-Present: Member. Appointed by on international commercial law the Colorado Springs City Council. The El Paso County Citizen Outreach Group was establish in 2005 by the El Paso Board of County Commissioners (BoCC) to act as a liaison between the citizens of El Paso County and the BoCC. The COG established the Citizens' College to help citizens learn how county government functions. 2007-2009: Member. Appointed by the El Paso County Board of County Commissioners. 2008-2009: Vice Chair.

Assist chair, conduct meetings in absence of chair. The primary objective for the Pikes Peak Rural Transportation Authority’s Citizen Advisory Committee (PPRTA-CAC) is to cider, ensure that the capital, maintenance and public transportation projects and programs approved by voters during the November 2, 2004 election are accomplished with PPRTA funds. This committee reports directly to the PPRTA Board of Directors. 2008-2009: Member. Appointed by PPRTA Board of Directors. Acting under the authority of the C.R.S. 17-27 and 18-1.3-301 and El Paso County Resolution 96-365, General-103 adopted 10-7-96, the CCB is the decision-making body with responsibility to determine acceptability of offender placements into community corrections.

The CCB reviews all offender referrals from in punjabi language, Probation, the District Attorney’s Office, and Colorado Department of Corrections (DOC) proposed for cider rosie, community placement in El Paso County or for howto essay, funding by El Paso County in another Colorado county. 2006: Member. Appointed by the El Paso County Board of cider rosie essay County Commissioners. Howto Essay. (Required to with essay, resign when appointed to burning of india essay, the Colorado Springs City Council in with March 2006.) The Airport Advisory Commission members serve in an advisory capacity to the City Manager, the City Council, and the City Planning Commission. Members are appointed for staggered three-year terms and serve on a volunteer basis to address matters pertaining to land use, construction, planning or operation of the Airport. The Commission also renders advice concerning the Airport Master Plan and its implementation.

Additionally, the essay, Commission may act in with essay an advisory capacity to the El Paso County Planning Commission and the El Paso Board of County Commissioners. 2002-2006: Commissioner. Appointed by pollution essay in punjabi the Colorado Springs City Council. Advise airport staff, city staff, City Council, Planning Commission, and County Commission on cider rosie essay matters relating to the operation of the Colorado Springs Airport. (Required to resign when appointed to the Colorado Springs City Council in March 2006.) 2004-2006: Vice Chairman. Conduct meetings in absence of chairman. So Full of God's Love and thesis law Joy That it Overflows 1991-1994, 2002-2006: President. Lead congregational council, supervise paid staff, provide leadership for congregation. 1986: Chairman, Board of Social Ministry.

Oversaw Church's involvement in rosie essay community. 1987-1990: Treasurer. Maintained books, paid bills and college application essays third staff, filed State and Federal reports, developed and reported budget. 1995-Present: Lay Minister Assistant. Assist pastor with worship service. 1964 - Present: Member. 1984-1986: MADD Squad. Helped organize and staff a group of volunteers who would report suspected drunk drivers.

Received Colorado Lifesaver award from Colorado Department of Highway Safety. 1987-1988: Vice President. Assisted with the administration of the Chapter, made public appearances, spoke to driver's education programs. 1989-1990: Treasurer. Maintained Chapter's books, filed reports, paid bills.

1994-1995: Moderator, Victim Impact Panel (VIP). Moderator for monthly VIPs in rosie which first time DUI offenders heard from DUI victims how a drunk driver changed their lives. P*PCompAS is college application essays edition, a not for profit organization providing a forum for personal computer users to meet. Provide public education on personal computers. 1988-1990: Treasurer. Maintained records, paid bills. 1990-1995: System Operator (SYSOP). Operated and maintained the electronic bulletin board providing electronic mail and file library for members. Friends of NRA is an exciting grassroots fund-raising program that fosters community involvement, raises money and gives 100% of the net proceeds to qualified local, state, and national programs.

Thanks to dedicated individuals across America, Friends of cider essay NRA is making a difference. Working with NRA's Field Staff, thousands of volunteers nationwide are participating in project the program by organizing committees and planning events in their communities. 2000-2005: Chairman. Responsible for organizing and conducting annual fundraising event. Rosie. Serve on State Funding Committee which dispenses grants to local and essay language state programs. With Rosie. Chaired three fund raising events raising nearly $30,000 for youth firearm safety programs, youth and women shooting events, and range development projects through out Colorado. 1999-Present: Committee Member. Served on committee and helped organize fundraising event.

2005-2007: El Paso County Commissioner District 2 Chair. Support Republican candidates. 2003-2005: El Paso County Commissioner District 2 Vice Chair. Assist District Chairman in supporting Republican candidates. 2000-Present: Precinct Committeeman. Assist candidates in getting out the vote. Help conduct precinct caucus. Law. Work with Party and District leaders to ensure election success.

1998-Present: Delegate. Delegate to rosie, county, judicial, congressional, and state assemblies. PPFC is a not for profit organization organized to defend the Bill of Rights of the the last, United States Constitution and to educate the public as to their rights of essay defense of self, family, property, and their State and Nation. 2003-2006: President. Lead the thesis on international commercial, Coalition.

Interface with elected officials at all levels. Represent the members with the media and at meetings and events. 1996-1997, 2001-2003: Vice President. Run meetings in absence of President. 1997-2001: Director of Programs.

Arrange for speakers, publish newsletter. Southern Colorado Base. THE USSVI CREED. To perpetuate the memory of our shipmates who gave their lives in rosie essay the pursuit of their duties while serving their country. That their dedication, deeds and supreme sacrifice be a constant source of motivation toward greater accomplishments. ledge loyalty and patriotism to the United States Government. 2000-Present: Treasurer. Maintain books.

April 2009 - April 2013: Elected Councilmember representing District 4. March 2006 - April 2007: Appointed as At-Large Councilmember. Appointed to complete the the last essay, term of a councilmember who has resigned. Ran unsuccessfully for an at-large seat in April 2007. Military Officer's Association of America (Life Member) Pikes Peak Republican Club Old Colorado City Historical Society (Life Member) Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center Friends of Cheyenne Mountain Zoo Friends of the Historic Colorado Springs Auditorium Friends of Cheyenne Ca on US Air Force Academy Association of Graduates University of Kansas Alumni Association (Life Member) Law Enforcement Alliance of America (Life Member) National Rifle Association (Endowment Member) NRA Institute for cider with essay, Legislative Action Colorado State Shooting Association Citizen's Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms (Life Member) Friends of the graduate project, Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum United States Submarine Veterans (Life Member) The USS ROBERT E LEE Association The USS JOHN MARSHALL Association (Life Member)