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ap essay grading By Kevin McDonald , Special to CNN. Editor’s note: Kevin McDonald teaches AP English Language and Composition at Edmond Memorial High School in Edmond, OK. He and his wife, an elementary music teacher, have two daughters who are well on essay formatting styles, their way to 20 becoming educators themselves. He works as a consultant for formatting styles the College Board and also helps with his high school’s marching band program. (CNN) Advanced Placement scores for millions of students are being released to schools this week. What most people may not realize is that the how do you define free-response sections of essay formatting these exams are scored by thousands of AP teachers and college faculty. Teachers like me. I just completed my 15th year of teaching, 14th year as an writing statements for grad school, AP English language and composition teacher, and 11th year as an AP reader. This year, 11,000 of my fellow educators and I from across the country and around the styles world convened to score more than 3.7 million AP exams in 34 subjects. In my time as an how do ged essay, AP reader, I’ve also spent six years as a member of essay styles my reading’s leadership team, and I can attest that the reading the writing students stewart annual gathering to score student exams has truly been some of the best professional development I’ve ever attended. In fact, my willingness to give up nine to 14 days to score as many essays as humanly possible should stand as testament to my belief in the process.

One of the main benefits of the reading is the immersion in the scoring process, where it is your sole occupation for eight hours a day. This, matched with the fact that I’m removed from the rest of the distractions of formatting daily life, allows for a focus that is job resume 20 difficult to reproduce. After being trained to score essays, and then reading several hundred of them over the course of a week, I return home with a stronger sense of what the AP English language and composition course expects of students and more confident as I approach the development of formatting styles content for creative writing for high students my own AP class. I also share that knowledge with my colleagues and styles through workshops I present for the College Board, so that more educators can benefit from my reading experience. There is also something extraordinary about the dynamic of the nine readers who populate a scoring table. As a small group of extremely motivated, highly trained professionals, we have detailed conversations about student writing and creative competitions what characteristics a student must display on one of formatting three writing tasks to demonstrate collegiate quality work. These tables are a mix of high school teachers and college and university professors who share their own concerns and biases, all while working to accept the norms established by the reading leadership. This exchange is abelard essay invaluable in the preparation of not only my AP students, but all of the students I come into contact with on a daily basis.

As much as my experience at the reading works to prepare my AP students for exam success, it also enhances the formatting richness of my non-AP classes. Writing For Canadian Students. The AP English language and composition reading had roughly 1,000 members this year. The dedication and professionalism of those individuals is geared toward one thing: ensuring student success. This is not about all students “passing” the test, but about essay engendering the kinds of for canadian dialogue that will lead to improved instruction for all students. Formatting. It is writing competitions school students about diagnosing trends in writing on an international scale and brainstorming ways to help all of essay styles our students particularly the ones not yet college proficient to improve as writers in a world that increasingly demands skills in multiple modes of writing, including email, tweets, blogs and job resume sales status updates. As one of the few venues where college professors and high school teachers work side-by-side for an extended period of time in such large numbers, our ability to styles bridge the notorious gap between high school and higher education grows exponentially.

The AP readings represent a microcosm of professionals who devote themselves to students, and the annual event has introduced me to some of my best friends, all of essay whom I admire for their commitment to student learning. We share our bags of instructional tricks that can make students stronger in our subject and better prepared for essay formatting the world they will enter once they leave high school, be it a college or university or the how do success work force. Essay Styles. Having had the good fortune to be selected to the reading, and to personal statements school have proven worthy of essay formatting returning repeatedly (each invitation is essay for canadian stewart only for one year), has made me a better teacher. This has happened because of the essay formatting people, process and professionalism that I have only found at the Advanced Placement reading. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of for high Kevin McDonald.

Helping our kids to survive school violence is pivotal to saving them from the many acts of violence they may encounter in and outside of the classroom. Because school violence occurs at any school and any age we believe we need to teach survival skills at an early age. Let us prepare our kids to win and survive if violence does occur at their school. In response to this need to teach our young kids, my wife, Dr. Natalie Johnson-Leslie and I wrote a book to help kids survive.

You may find more information at wwww.survivingschoolviolence.com. Mr. McDonald writes, #8220;As one of the essay styles few venues where college professors and writing for grad high school teachers work side-by-side for an extended period of time in such large numbers, our ability to bridge the essay formatting notorious gap between high school and higher education grows exponentially.#8221; The word #8220;venues#8221; in my rights, the opening clause does not correlate with the words #8220;our ability,#8221; which follow the comma. If a student had crafted this sentence, he or she surely would have lost points. It is formatting styles unfortunate to abelard essay see an AP grader make this mistake in essay formatting styles, his own writing. Writing For Canadian Students. Actually that looks correct to me. He#8217;s referring to the AP scoring session as the styles venue and my rights and responsibilities essay is speaking for the AP scoring sessions and what it accomplishes. Essay Formatting. Both the #8220;venue#8221; and writing students stewart kay l #8220;our#8221; refer to the AP scoring session, so it works.

But I#8217;ll admit you made it read it a couple times to make sure. The AP English Language exams are treated as #8220;drafts#8221; and not Final Process Papers. Formatting. Therefore, students EARN points for what they do well instead of #8220;lose#8221; points for their mistakes. Furthermore, as #8220;Adam#8221; pointed out, Mr. McDonald#8217;s syntax is essay students actually correct. Perhaps, you should not be so harsh to judge others for what you yourself have not been invited to do (ie. score AP English essays or write a guest blog for CNN).

As a long-time reader, I#8217;d have to agree with Mr. McDonald about the experience. Yes, we are paid, but that doesn#8217;t mean we don#8217;t have students#8217; best interest in mind (I fail to see the language that claims altruism here). Yes, it is hard work, but not #8220;mind-numbing#8221;. As readers, we are consistently reminded that students worked hard and deserve our attention and styles fairness. If a reader finds this unbearable, then that reader should consider declining the invitation to do the work. I apologize in personal, advance for my horrid grammar. Please refrain from correction as it will be duly ignored.

This touchy-feely nonsense would have been complete if he had just managed to formatting work the work hero in somewhere. Why are you so angry, J.R. For High School. ? [#8230;] A teacher says grading Advanced Placement exams each year is his best training. Styles. (Schools of job resume 20 Thought) [#8230;] Perhaps you should provide a link to a therapist, because some of the people on here seriously need some anger-management classes. Wow, what bunch of crabby-pants on this board! This is not a news article, it#8217;s a blog. Learn the difference. He#8217;s sharing his feelings about being a grader of essay formatting AP exams and why he does it. That#8217;s it. That#8217;s the purpose, and he achieved it. You don#8217;t have to like it, but don#8217;t criticize it for not being something it never purported to be in the first place. I have scored AP Human Geography exams for the past 11 years and have been involved in reading leadership for the last five years. It is clearly the best professional development an AP teacher can be involved with and how do you define success definitely allows the teacher to be become much more effective in the classroom.

Let#8217;s hope for continued support from administrators and school districts alike to allow teachers to attend this valuable annual gathering. I graded AP essays only one year. The grading process was mind-numbing: Eight to five, with two ten-minute breaks and one hour lunch. At various intervals, we received reports on formatting, our scoring; i.e., did we score too many with high or low scores. The quality of lack thereof could not justify having scored #8220;too many#8221; on one end or the other of the scale.

I could not (will not) do that again. The pay is not grand. So sorry to hear that your experience as a grader was not good #8230;.. almost everyone I work with at the AP Reading finds it to be an amazing learning experience. It certainly has made me a better AP instructor as well as improving my instruction techniques at essay, the college level! How does something like this make it to essay the 3rd ranked story in the NATIONAL news section of CNN?

I have a hard time imagining that NOTHING is happening ANYWHERE so they need to creative students fill space with THIS? This isn#8217;t NEWS, it#8217;s an styles, editorial that should NEVER be on job resume 20, a #8220;NEWS#8221; page#8230;. We#8217;re not like you. good to essay know many cnn commentators (in the essay students stewart kay l comments section) know how to write. This is so different from reading comments where people cannot tell the difference between your and essay styles you#8217;re#8230;. #8220;#8230;I return home with a stronger sense of what the AP English Language and Composition course expects of how do you define success students and more confident as I approach the development of content for my own AP class. #8221; #8212; Not sure one can find a more clear admission by styles a teacher of personally engaging in and perpetuating one of the abelard essay biggest issues plaguing education today: TEACHING TO THE TEST. you can#8217;t teach to the test if its a paper#8230;.if the test is essay not objective, then you can#8217;t teach to that objective#8230;.subjective testing allows for true intellect to shine through a poor education#8230;. Essay For Canadian Kay L. I#8217;m assuming that you have never taken an AP English Composition test before by this comment. How on Earth do you think an English teacher would #8220;teach to#8221; a composition test other than by teaching basic rules for composition? Please explain what you mean by this. Except, he is teaching advanced placement writing, the exact same thing they are testing#8230;college level writing skills.

What they are looking for on the test is the exact same ability that college professors are looking for when they read student papers. Maybe it is not teaching to the test, but testing for essay what should be taught, and he know what should be taught. Owl96=If he didn#8217;t already know that they were testing for college level writing skills, he probably had bigger problems to begin with. AP is a college level course in success, a high school. Formatting Styles. As AP teachers, I#8217;m positive all of us are aware of competitions school this since it#8217;s our job. Essay Formatting Styles. If someone were to you define success mention July 4th as Independence Day at the US History reading, does that now give me an advantage that I can bring back to my school and help my kids pass? Because if it does, I need to immediately quit my job for not previously being aware of that fact . Formatting Styles. Please understand the program before you comment. John Doe: One cannot #8220;teach to the test#8221; when one does not know specifically what is on the test. Teaching a curriculum of measurable skills and content which is then measured by creative writing competitions for high a test is essay formatting styles not #8220;teaching to abelard essay the test#8221;. I read for the AP US History exam.

I don#8217;t come away from the reading with any special magic tricks to styles make sure my students pass the test. I do, however, come away with a better picture of abelard essay how well I am preparing my students with the skills and content knowledge required of colligiate level education. Every April my wife and I read student essays for college scholarships that we award. Most of them are vacuous pap about formatting styles how the student’s life was transformed by creative competitions school students a volunteer position helping those less fortunate and, as a consequence, they are now worthy of receiving our money. This article demonstrates the same pattern and perhaps indicates that our local students are learning a national standard for incompetent “happy-talk” writing. Aside from the saccharin tone, Mr. McDonald’s essay is grammatically deficient. The purported third sentence in the first paragraph is, “Teachers like me”. Formatting. If this were a sentence, it would indicate a fond reaction of teachers to Mr. McDonald.

However, it is writing for canadian kay l not a sentence, but a comparative phrase that should be connected to styles the preceding sentence with a comma. Mr. McDonald begins his 10th paragraph with the how do you define ged essay pronoun “it”, but the antecedent is located in the 9th paragraph. Clearly, the essay formatting styles division between the the 9th and 10th paragraphs is uncalled for essay and they form a single topic. These are only two examples of several deficiencies. Styles. I have spent the past 35 years as a technical writer and reviewer.

Mr. McDonald’s essay is only slightly better than I would expect of my 4th grade grandson. I feel so deficient reading your response. My strength has always been in math and science. I would love to improve my writing skills and vocabulary, but I have yet to find an efficient way to do it. I am pretty much done with school since I am in my 30s and I have kids. Abelard Essay. I would love to hear what you think is the best way to do it. I noticed a grammatical issue as well: #8220;This year, 11,000 of my fellow educators and I from across the country and around the essay formatting styles world convened to how do score more than 3.7 million AP exams in 34 subjects.#8221; The dependent clause #8220;from across the country and around the world#8221; should immediately follow the noun it modifies, #8220;fellow educators.#8221; As is, this sentence is awkward at best.

I have no doubt that he#8217;s good at grading AP tests, but such a basic mistake makes me question his own abilities. Essay Styles. I#8217;ll bet your 4th grade grandson doesn#8217;t like spending time with you. You probably criticize the manner in which he plays. For High Students. Pun intended. Grading AP exams for 8 hours a day, day after day, sounds like my idea of hell, paid or not. Basically, you take the least rewarding and mind-numbing part of teaching, and turn it into formatting, a full-time job. No thanks. A memoir of Kevin#8217;s experiences and process at the readers table#8230;A meaningless article for information to the public, especially AP students and their writing teachers. Good god, why are you people so negative? #8220;College Board and their standardized tests are scams, and most colleges would agree.#8221; No, they wouldn#8217;t.

Quit making up things. Pity only the and responsibilities essay kids who#8217;ve been seriously coached through the AP process score well on essay formatting, these tests. Creative Competitions For High. In truth, most school don#8217;t teach children any kind of skills. They think they#8217;re #8216;writing#8217; in kindergarten these days, but in truth the styles teachers are fleshing out their sentences for them. Kids don#8217;t learn penmanship (what#8217;s the point, teachers say, they can use a keyboard) they don#8217;t learn the you define success ged essay parts of essay formatting speech, they don#8217;t learn what makes a complete sentence. Abelard Essay. They don#8217;t learn what makes up a paragraph. They supposedly write essays in fourth grade and after that no one ever tries to teach them what a real essay is.

In seventh grade they treat research papers the same way. Essay. They don#8217;t learn to spell (and tend to ridicule anyone who thinks it#8217;s important) and job resume heaven forbid anyone learns how to use an apostrophe correctly. I place no special emphasis on AP anything because kids are so hand-held through such classes their meaning is lost. College Board and their standardized tests are scams, and most colleges would agree. It#8217;s pretty clear to me you have absolutely zero experience with AP courses. Actually, you are wrong. Not all children are #8220;hand-held#8221; through classes these days, especially when you choose to take a class at formatting, the Honors/AP level. As a product of such classes, I am appalled that you would insinuate that. I went to a specialized #8220;math and science#8221; intensive school where only the top 1% of the creative competitions students students in the state are admitted, and we did not get any kind of preparation from our teachers for the AP tests.

Why? Well, 1) because none of our classes were distinguished as AP (they were all taught at the college level) and 2) because our teachers knew that we were prepared enough without having to be #8220;coached#8221; through the formatting styles process. Having attended #8220;normal#8221; schools as well as a residential school, I feel as though I have been thoroughly immersed in a variety of different teaching styles from abelard essay, teachers of all calibers, and I can ASSURE you that I not only essay formatting know how to use an apostrophe but also can write an intelligent sentence as well as identify the parts that make it up. You are too quick to judge something it seems you know very little about (or have a very biased view about). Maybe you are just the product of sales a subpar school system or have children who are, but you have no idea how every single teacher in essay formatting, the US teaches. My son also attended a prestigious math and science school and there was indeed plenty of hand-holding, special tutoring, and lots and lots of taking the AP test for practice practice practice until they finally took it for real. Don#8217;t be so appalled, it happens. He knows how to use an apostrophe and he will be the first one to admit he did NOT learn this in essay students stewart kay l, any school he attended.

AND this well-known, highly-ranked residential math and science high school is well known to toss out the kids who won#8217;t pass so they don#8217;t have to show on paper how many kids fail. 11% of the first years were asked not to formatting styles come back. In his Senior year, my son lost fourteen kids from his class six of them were asked to leave two months before graduation. The school can rightly claim 100% graduation rate, but they only personal school count the kids they didn#8217;t force out for failing. Of my son#8217;s graduating class, all but one went on to college. Essay Formatting Styles. Of those that went on to college, eleven dropped out their first year, and job resume sales 20 of the styles remaining kids, five more failed to writing complete more than two years. His class started with 56 kids and graduated 33 kids. You do the math on how well they were prepared for college. Where did you get that idea? I took one AP class, took 5 AP tests and transferred 15 AP credits to Carnegie Mellon#8230; In truth, you and the rest of the testing community are precisely what IS wrong with the formatting educational field today. By the sound of the article, you care more about the ged essay process and essay styles rigidity than that of the abelard essay welfare of the students.

That sounds harsh, but I have seen too many AP teachers that lose sight of the facts that we have to educate the whole student and prepare them to be productive citizens. Testing does not accomplish that. Instead of essay formatting teaching the AP, try teaching classes of at risk students. You will have a brand new appreciation for teaching. @leon111#8230; No, this is not what is wrong with education today. Do you understand what an AP class is? It is a college class taught to competitions students high school students. College classes should not #8220;teach the whole student#8221;; they should teach the subject matter and do it well. For the records, 2 AP classes, 2 AP tests, 2 AP tests passed. And we NEVER took a #8220;practice#8221; test or spoke of the placement tests at all during the year.

We just learned, and from some of the best teachers I ever had in formatting styles, my life. I teach in creative for high school, the one of the largest districts in the country, over 50% of students qualify for free or reduced lunch, 2/3 are ethnic minorities, and 20% are ELL. 78/100 passed the exam. That is just because they learned; not because I pushed the test. Most of us do educate the essay whole child. Please get your facts straight before you judge. reading is fun. duh, mental!

Seriously agree with Alvis#8230; this article is how do you define ged essay shallow and essay formatting unsupported. I also agree with Val You get paid for those days you spend working, so it#8217;s not like you#8217;re a philanthropist donating time. You Define Success Ged Essay. Feel free to check out my 1960#8217;s historical blog by essay formatting clicking my name. I wish some useful AP History, AP Government or AP Science type would have told me about this stuff! They didn#8217;t mention those things because, as has been proven on many occasions, the moon landings did occur. Even the Mythbuster#8217;s did a show de-bunking crackpot theories. Mythbusters pointed to the laser reflectors as evidence of job resume sales manned Moon landings, but there is plenty of stuff on styles, the Moon, all sent up in UNMANNED missions. AP Classes and degrees from crappy colleges just turn people into smug, clueless idiots. I hope the writing competitions students essays you#8217;re reading are more skillfully written than this article.

Where are the details? We get that the formatting Raading is awesome and you learn a lot, but why#8217;s it awesome? What did you learn? Back in my essay-grading days (which I do miss), I would have given this a C. Bonus points for eloquence and syntactic complexity, but the message is hazy and the supporting details are completely absent#8230; I totally agree. The article had no substance and this guy is writing statements for grad a grader! I kept looking for Next Page but there wasn#8217;t one!

What a waste of my time. Alvis completely misses the pupose of this article. Essay Styles. Minus points for that. Did he even read the writing for canadian whole article? His questions are concisely answered.

I#8217;m glad he#8217;s not grading essays any more. The #8220;details#8221; of any AP reading are confidential and the author correctly did not elaborate on those details. If you want to know what goes on, apply to become a reader if you teach the subject#8230;.otherwise you will have to trust that we find the experience truly amazing without knowing any of the details. Rod and Valentijn, you#8217;re grumpy-grumps and should go back into your caves. My sentiments exactly. Essay. #8220;In fact, my willingness to give up nine to fourteen days to statements for grad score as many essays as humanly possible should stand as testament to my belief in the process.#8221; Aren#8217;t you guys getting paid? And if not, where#8217;s all the money they charge from AP students going? Valentijn: Yes, they are. The author#8217;s grading AP exams is not as altruistic as he makes it out to styles be.

From the College Board site: #8220;Secondary school Readers can receive certificates awarding professional development hours and continuing education units (CEUs). In addition, Readers are provided with an honorarium of $1,639 and their travel expenses, lodging and meals are covered. #8220; Of course readers are paid for their time grading. The time given up refers to traveling to creative writing competitions the reading site to do the reading, in effect we are #8216;giving up#8217; our free time at home.

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resume podcast Your Guide to Business School. Building the best MBA Application Resume: Resumes that Get You Accepted. You've done your research and have a short list of schools you're applying to. Now you're working on your application and resume. In this podcast, admissions deans and a consultant give you solid advice on putting together your MBA application resume. This MBA resume can have differences from the essay styles, resume you're use to apply for jobs. Essay. Our guests explain how they're different, what they're looking for, what catches their eye and essay what is an immediate red flag. They'll also discuss nuances in your resume such as writing style, format, what categories to include, and how to treat on-the-side projects you may have worked on.

Don't send your resume without listening to this show! Vicki L. Duran , Associate Director of MBA Admissions, The University of Texas at Austin, McCombs School of Business Jeremy Shinewald , MBA, Founder/President mbaMission Christine E. Writing For High. Sneva , Assistant Director, Admissions and Financial Aid Director, The Johnson School at Cornell University Kellee Scott , Senior Associate Director, MBA Admissions, Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California. Welcome to MBA Podcaster, the only broadcast source for cutting edge information and advice on essay styles, the MBA application process. I’m Heidi Pickman. You’ve done your research and have a short list of schools. Now you’re working on your applications. You’ve slaved over your essays. Transcripts, recommendations and abelard essay GMAT scores are on their way. Formatting Styles. All that’s left is to essay for canadian stewart kay l, attach your resume. Make sure you’ve thought good and hard about formatting styles, it. Today’s podcast is titled MBA Resumes: How to Build the Best Applicant Resume.

In this podcast, admissions deans and job resume sales 20 a consultant give you solid advice on putting together your resume. Some of the essay, issues they’ll address include writing style, format, what categories to and responsibilities, include, and essay formatting styles how to treat side projects. The aspect of the resume that makes it the easy part of your application is job resume 20 that once it’s done, it’s done and you can use it for every application. The not so easy part is that as with the rest of your application, you want it to shine and highlight your experience and tell your story. Christine Sneva is the Assistant Director of Admissions and formatting Financial Aid Director at The Johnson School at Cornell University.

Sneva says the resume is one of the most important parts of the essay students kay l, application. Sneva1 It tells a lot about you. So you need to be sure it is very clear, concise and highlights the most important pieces to your story. When you are looking at your resume if you only had one minute to introduce yourself what are some of the things that you would say? Vicki Duran is the Associate Director of MBA Admissions at the University of formatting, Texas at Austin’s McCombs School of Business. Duran says the resume is an creative competitions students integral part of the application.

Duran1 “We like to see on paper, on the resume, through essays, through the whole application, what has this person accomplished and essay who are they.A lot of job resume sales, that comes through on the resume, whatever they believe is essay styles going to competitions school, give us insight into what they’re going to bring to the program that’s going to formatting styles, enhance the experience of their peers in the classroom.And in many cases, because we only get to know applicants on paper – if we haven’t met them on abelard essay, the road or they haven’t been to campus for a class visit or to interview with us – that’s all we have to essay formatting styles, go by, what they have written on their resume or in their essays.” Kellee Scott is the Senior Associate Director of success ged essay, MBA Admissions at styles, the Marshall School of Business, University of competitions students, Southern California.She explains why clarity is so important. Scott1 The longer it takes for us to figure out what you’re trying to say, that’s just more time we’re spending.The more concise you are, the more quickly we can get to the crux of what your experience is.Here’s the thing too.Think about the resume as your calling card to the interview.Because once we get to the interview, if we have to spend a lot of time trying to figure out your resume then it probably tells you that your resume is not written very well or is not written in a very clear format.And then once you get to the interview level then we can talk more about your aspirations more about other things versus trying to figure out what exactly you were doing when. So a clear resume is styles important. Let’s get started and build your resume.Jeremy Shinewald, is the Founder/President mbaMission. Jeremy1 I think the creative writing competitions students, most import thing that the candidates consider when they create their resume is that less is formatting more.The resume has to writing students kay l, very, very easily scanable.

Someone needs to be able to essay styles, pick up on personal statements, visual cues and get answers that they might not have even realized they’ve been seeking. Not having a cluttered resume where you put in every single detail of essay formatting, your entire professional, personal community life is actually important and is something that a lot of candidates resist unnecessarily. A good place to begin whittling down information is abelard essay with an styles outline says Christine Sneva. Sneva2 My advice is to you define, outline you believe is important to include in your resume on a separate document, create a format and essay styles then pull together the most important information on your list.When you see what is left over for canadian kay l – is it necessary?You don’t need to say everything about you. Styles. Hopefully a lot of that extra additional information and more will come through in my rights essay an interview depending on the school if they invite you for an interview.Really include what is necessary to styles, convey professional experience, your affiliations, your qualifications in addition to creative writing for high school students, your bio and education.If you’re able to add significant accomplishments or even your personal interests, I really do think it’s a really nice touch, especially a personal touch that you can add to your resume.But don’t feel like you have to essay formatting styles, add this kind of information, only do it if there’s space.

Sneva’s advice has an added benefit. Sneva3 Once you do this, look at your outline and job resume sales what you have not included is maybe something that you want to put somewhere else in your application.We’re always talking about this holistic view of looking at files and I think candidates get really confused on essay, is how to use an optional essay, what do they need to include in another essay that maybe wasn’t touched on in another part of their application.This is a good way to start narrowing down how you want to really spread yourself out in that application. But that’s a subject for and responsibilities essay, another podcast. One of the styles, elements you might want to think about including in your outline is any international experience.It’s not necessary and writing for canadian kay l if you don’t have it you shouldn’t feel at a disadvantage, but if you have it great. Shinewald has some great examples of formatting, how to include that information and where. Shinewald2 If you’re in LA and working with the Tokyo team, even if you haven’t visited Tokyo, you’re still having an international experience because you’re working with them on a daily basis.So a lot of job resume 20, people have international experience and essay formatting styles don’t even realize it.In terms of showing it on your resume, if you have it, certainly if it’s positive and you can offer specific bullets or if you were stationed somewhere, it can come across in information via your location.

If it’s on the personal side, you can mention ‘traveled to 41 different countries, highlights include climbing Mount Kilimanjaro’. Our consultant Jeremy Shinewald continues with how to writing school, structure your resume. Shinewald3 Start with professional experience, obviously the most recent first. Essay Styles. Go through all relevant positions.And try to break up your resume, even if you’ve been in writing for canadian students the same firm – and essay again we’re talking about abelard essay, visual cues – try to break it up for each position.That way you can show progress from essay formatting styles, step to step.After your professional experience, you might want to include a brief section on community leadership and then you can put in your academic experience or you can flip flop those and put your academic experience first and then put your community and personal at the end.It really depends on the nature, the significance of your community leadership.If it’s quasi-professional – you’ve been a board member of for high school students, a community organization – you can certainly put it after your work experience. Some people will after their community experience and professional experience will put a small personal section with a few quirky, potentially humorous hobbies, activities to give their resume some personality. Formatting. And that’s really the main structure. And there’s a standard preference for order of creative writing for high, your experience that Kellee Scott explains. Scott 2 The key is chronological order. I think what slips some candidates up is formatting that sometimes there are industries where they need to put a skills-based resume together or they need to writing school, get long personal statements.And what they really need to do is look at the basic business format of resumes, which is chronological and not based on projects or skill sets.

That’s really what can bring the attention of the admissions officer really quickly. One way to give visual cues that Shinewald mentioned is to use bullet points. Vikki Duran says that a resume is essay formatting easier to read with bullet points and she gives a writing tip on how to make those bullet points effective. Duran2 We like to see results-oriented phrases. Sales. Led a five member team to develop an internal waste recycling project, resulting in and then giving the results of that. Essay Styles. That’s why we like to see the bulleted items.And using action verbs at the start of writing for canadian students, those sentences.So whether it’s managed, designed, initiated, developed, led, supervised, words like that.

Shinewald says definitely don’t be passive and use words like ‘participated in’ or ‘joined’ and he gives an example of a good bullet point. Jeremy4 You want to show your specific action followed by specific results. And so, I was a speech writer for an ambassador for a few years and if I were to say to you ‘wrote speeches for ambassador’, it would have no impact. You’d have no additional knowledge of what I’ve done. But if I were to styles, say to you – I would choose a very deliberate action – ‘researched and wrote more than 50 speeches, greetings and toasts’, and then follow it up with a result ‘5 of which were published in The Washington Post,you would have a sense of sales, my action, the consequent results of that action, which validates the action.The publications validate the speech writing. A resume can include a lot of information, and guess what – it needs to fit on one page – yes one page.Just listen to essay styles, our guests. Sneva4 Typically a resume is really only one page or a business resume. Scott3 It is a marketing tool and creative school students the candidate wants to get the attention of the admissions officers as fast as possible.So the best resumes are a one-page chronological summary of essay formatting styles, their professional and educational experience to date. Jeremy5 I was at the AIGAC conference recently and someone asked the writing students, question about two page resumes and the Association of essay formatting styles, International Graduate Admissions Consultants and one of the panelists who was an admissions officer joked and said “All together now” and creative for high all 8 admissions officers said “One page” all in unison.Again the styles, key here is scanability. You want the reader to get key facts and the reader will get bogged down in minutiae and just skip over sales 20 it.In my opinion, you’d rather offer 75% and styles have that person get 75% than offer 100% and have that person skip over and get 25% or 50%.So less is definitely more. But as Vicki Duran points out, there’s always the exception to the rule.

Duran3 The resumes would be more or less the same except with the executive MBA program, because those applicants typically have about 8-15 years of work experience, they’re not going to be able to do that very concisely on one page, so they’re probably going to have two pages. If you’re applying for a part-time program, no such luck with the two pages. Here’s Marshall’s Scott. Scott4 But for a full-time, part-time, the for grad, average age is still about 28, 5 years of experience, it should still be a one page chronological. Readability, scanability are part of essay, why admissions directors like a one-page, organized resume, but Sneva says that there’s another reason. Sneva5 You know we see a lot of resumes that sort of look like what people would view as a C.V. or a resume that really catered to essay, a specific industry that has some information that we don’t necessarily need.What we’re looking at is 3, 4, 5, sometimes even more pages of a resume where after page 1 you’re sitting there thinking ‘this is formatting not what we need, this is not the information we need on a resume. Students. ‘ If I’m going to go to an alumni or if I’m going to go to a current student or someone in their career management center, I can’t even bring this information to them, because I can’t even get through all of essay formatting styles, this information just to creative, say ‘this X candidate, this is the experience they have, this is what they want to do.’ ‘Tell me more about essay, that experience.’ When their being so in-depth and so specific about abelard essay, what they’re doing, that’s really not the goal in what you’re trying to do for a business resume and for a resume in your MBA application. It bears repeating – one page.

And just in case you’re having trouble getting your resume down to one page and essay styles are thinking about tiny fonts… Shinewald has a warning. Jeremy6 Generally two pages is not okay and you shouldn’t make the font very small.You certainly can work with your fonts and work with your margins, but you have to essay writing kay l, use judgment in formatting terms of editing yourself, so that you’re not getting to for canadian students kay l, the point where someone is going to get bogged down, frustrated and move on. So no small fonts, it’s recommended to use a minimum of a 10 or 12 point font.Are there other ways to save space? Shinewald says yes. Jeremy7 You don’t need to essay styles, put 3 or 4 lines of your address, your email address, your phone number, etc. on students kay l, this resume because it’s not like you’re walking into a job interview where you’re going to hand someone your resume and hope that they hold onto formatting, that and use it to call you back and they could lose it forever.It’s part of your application, they’re not going to call you via your resume. They’ve got all your information in creative writing competitions students their database and that’s valuable space that you can save.

Name and maybe a line and get right to your professional entries. UT’s Duran confirmed the essay styles, space saver. Duran4 I think its fine as long as their name is listed on there because we have all of abelard essay, their contact information on their application, sometimes it’s easier for us to see their cell phone number on styles, their resume as well, but it’s certainly not a critical factor and that would have no bearing on the decision one way or another. One issue that might come up while you’re trying to make your one page, chronological business resume is and responsibilities what if you have a side project, what if you are doing some consulting for a friend after hours or starting your own business? Should you include that information – absolutely, but how? Duran gives a good rule of thumb. Duran5 If they’ve been involved in helping someone with doing a start up or launching a website or something like that and essay they feel like that’s going to enhance their application or demonstrate to essay for canadian stewart, us another set of skills that will help them with their career goals – again based on what those career goals might be – then I would say to go ahead and essay formatting styles include that information in the body of their work experience section.But if you feel that it’s just something that stands out for them or adds another dimension to who they are and how do you define ged essay they just want to share that information with us, and they feel it’s still applicable, then I would include that in that additional section that I mentioned that they put in the bottom of their resume’. Sneva explains the value of including those significant, meaningful side projects . Sneva6 So if you have a full-time job at a certain company that’s what you’re going to styles, want to make sure you’re listing first. And then we’re going to continue to follow down that resume and my rights essay say ‘oh look, this is something that they started a year ago and essay formatting styles it looks like they’re still doing that, it looks like it’s something that they’re doing while they’re working full-time.’ And in my mind I’m thinking this is something that I’d want to ask the applicant in an interview. And that’s a good thing. That’s really showing you a really good resume, when I’m coming out with questions that make the applicant very interesting and job resume I’m very intrigued by this applicant.

Now all of a sudden I’m saying ‘This is somebody that has a little bit more depth to them. We really want to bring them in for some questions.’ If you want to include a side project in your professional experience, make sure to label it appropriately – for example, ‘external consulting project’.Also, take care not to confuse the reader by going all over the place chronologically. And remember, the resume is part of the formatting styles, whole application, some things- like a side project or a gap in your resume might be better portrayed in essay students stewart another space, like the essay styles, optional essay which can explain gaps or quirks or anticipate questions that admissions committees might have about your experience. It’s really important to explain those gaps because they send a certain signal and lead the admissions officers, like Vicki Duran to form their own story about you. Duran6 Gaps in employment and essay writing for canadian job hopping are things that send up red flags for us.We would hope that if someone was doing quite a bit of job hopping or they haven’t worked in a couple of years that they use their optional essay to explain that to us so that we’re not making up stories in our own minds about formatting styles, what happened with this applicant or why they moved around so much. Gaps in your employment have already occurred – you can explain them, but you can’t change them now.What are some of the essay kay l, things that you can change or put another way – what are things that you shouldn’t do on your resume? And what should you do instead? Scott5 I’ve seen people who have used very flowery fonts.You kind of essay styles, want a very basic font that’s very clear. And Shinewald says that a laundry list of your responsibilities is a real problem and kind of essay for canadian students kay l, meaningless. He offers a made-up example of what to not to do, why and how to fix it.

Jeremy9 ‘Responsible for all marketing presentations, all client interactions during a major period of client acquisition for firm.’ And we have no sense of exactly who the client was and what you achieved. Whereas if you could just deliberately write… ‘presented the Scheinwald proposal to the board of MBAmission, project accepted within four hours of presentation.’ UT’s Duran has a particular pet peeve that she’s seen on a few resumes. Duran7 when an individual is essay formatting speaking in the third person on personal statements for grad school, a resume. Styles. So they’re writing their resume’ project experience or work experience in a paragraph format and they’re speaking about essay, themselves using their name, like Mr. Smith has completed this project, so they’re speaking about themselves in the third person. So that is formatting styles not good. And Scott says be careful of creative formatting. Scott6 For instance, I’ve seen an engineering resume where he decided to divide the page in half and job resume sales 20 it was two block halves of information that almost looked like a newspaper page. And it took some time to kind of weed through that creativity to figure out formatting ‘wait a minute, he started here and abelard essay this is essay formatting where he went next and then he actually got a promotion here.

I took us time to get that. And Sneva says while a typo is a forgivable human mistake, it does send a signal. Sneva7 They either are producing a very sloppy application; they don’t care about our school well enough to make sure that they have edited, edited and looked over every possible detail; and maybe they’re not very detail-oriented. The more positive things that you can put forward, then you’re leaving us to our own assumptions of ged essay, who you are. Kellee Scott says the MBA candidate pool seems to be getting younger and this brings up a specific problem that the millennial generation candidates should avoid. Scott7 You have to think about their lives as it is right now.We read about in high school they’re booked up every minute.They’ve got soccer, they’ve got this, they’re in organizations.Parents are carting them all over the place and that’s just what this generation has learned and grown up with and for them, those are accomplishments, those are achievements and it’s great for getting into undergrad. Essay Formatting. But once they get to the level of MBA programs or at least the top MBA programs out there, it’s good that you’re active, but we’re hoping you’ve taken that activity into your college life and beyond, so you don’t have to talk about what you did in high school. So Scott recommends.

Scott8 trying to remain current in what they’re doing.Because what I’ve seen lately is candidates who tend to put a lot of high school information, which is not necessary unless you’ve gone to some high visibility high school like a Bronx Science or Exeter and you were a valedictorian or a National Merit finalist. So write about your most recent jobs, what you did and how do you define what you accomplished, but don’t list your stint flipping burgers between your sophomore and junior year in high school. That’s what not to do… let’s go to the other extreme and formatting styles talk about how to make your resume stand out. The most obvious is result-oriented experience. Vicki Duran says unique experiences that show leadership and results stand out. Duran8 We’ve had astronauts or rocket scientists in the program. And Responsibilities Essay. That’s different, that’s interesting.We like to see a progression in the scope of essay formatting styles, their job and their responsibilities over 20 a number of years.Certainly that demonstrated leadership and that can come out in the form of styles, being on a board of a non-profit, leading a project on volunteer work. For Canadian Stewart Kay L. Certainly our military applicants have quite a few examples of leadership.If someone’s pursuing the entrepreneurial concentration, the fact that they’ve already been involved in a start up; and even people that are working in an engineering job, but on essay, the side we’ve seen applications for people who have started a restaurant on the side while they’re working another regular full-time job. Just something interesting about creative competitions for high school students, that person that’s going to styles, stand out and make them a little bit different than other applicants. And Sneva has a not so obvious example.

Sneva8 We see so many resumes that don’t follow simple rules that when you do have one that’s very clear and simple, that’s actually the one that does stand out. (Laughs.) That’s actually the one that does look very special.In the past I have seen resumes that gave me exactly what I needed to know about the candidate and personal statements I could tell you what they wanted to do just by looking at essay styles, that resume. Interestingly they also left me with questions about certain instances that made me very curious about this individual. That is abelard essay someone I really want to meet, that is formatting someone I really want to interview if I haven’t met them already, which makes them stand out in a way. After all, that’s really the my rights and responsibilities, goal of essay formatting styles, a resume is getting to sales 20, the interview to showcase and articulate what that resume says and come to essay, life over a conversation. And the for canadian students kay l, goal of essay, this podcast was to give you plenty of information to assemble the best resume that you can.And I do believe we’ve succeeded.

or more MBA information, to find a transcript of this show or to register for your bi-weekly MBA podcast visit MBAPodcaster.com. Join us on Twitter, Facebook and writing for canadian stewart YouTube to get the latest news and formatting insight in the world of personal statements school, business school. This is MBA Podcaster, I am Heidi Pickman. Thanks for essay, listening and be sure to tune in next time when we explore another topic of interest in your quest for an MBA. Stay up to date with the abelard essay, latest news, information, advice, and all our newly released podcasts and videocasts. MBA Podcaster is your online source for information, insight, and advice on the MBA admission process. We deliver relevant information and advice through biweekly audio segments for essay formatting styles, those planning to apply for abelard essay, a Master in Business Administration. Topics include everything from essay, a behind-the-scenes view of the job resume 20, admission process to post-MBA job opportunities and current market trends. Guests include Deans of various business schools, alumni, corporate recruiters, MBA consultants and essay formatting more.

On each segment we go in-depth on abelard essay, a particular topic of interest to formatting, an MBA applicant and interview relevant experts to help make your application process more efficient and successful. Listen for this week’s newest topic or browse our archive for the specific information you need to writing competitions school students, know. Drop us a line and essay tell us what you’d like to hear: [email protected] Leila Pirnia co-founded MBA Podcaster in January 2006 to provide… Janet Nakano is a host and producer for MBA Podcaster….

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40+ Most Common Mobile Testing Interview Questions and Answers with Sample Mobile Testing Resume. Welcome once again to formatting Part 2 of the mobile testing career guide. Part 1 dealt with what is required to my rights and responsibilities essay acquire the necessary skills certifications to qualify as a mobile tester and we also passed on essay some time-tested tips and abelard essay, tricks that are sure to be helpful. In today’s article, we will focus more on the logistics of mobile testing resumes and the top frequently asked mobile testing interview questions . Let’s get right to it. What You Will Learn: How to prepare a good resume to apply for essay formatting styles, mobile testing jobs or positions? A mobile application testing resume sample is attached to give an idea on how to prioritize skills in essay students kay l a resume. Styles! Key points and the rules of writing a cohesive resume are similar to that of creative writing school students, a normal QA resume. = Download sample resume for mobile testing jobs.

It should include contact info, a summary of your work, skills, educational background and details of the project you worked on so far also roles and formatting styles, responsibilities. Check out the below articles for more info and the above sample to bring this concept home. When transitioning to be a Mobile tester it is abelard essay a great help if you have some prior QA testing experience If not, it is at least a good idea to learn the basics of software testing concepts- such as SDLC, STLC, how to write test cases, status reports, etc. An educational background in computer science can be helpful, although it’s not a must. A programming language experience can also be very helpful. Now, let’s look at another artifact that is critical for job seekers- The cover letter. Essay Formatting Styles! Below is a sample: Mobile Testing Job Application Cover Letter Sample.

Mobile Test Engineer Cover Letter Sample: Sub: Cover Letter – Mobile Testing Engineer. I am writing in response to your job notification for. the position of a Mobile Testing Engineer on XYZ site. Writing Statements For Grad School! I am working as a Mobile Testing Engineer for XYZ Co. Ltd for the last 5 years and styles, happy to mention some. of my achievements in sales 20 this role: Expertise in Manual Testing/mobile application testing, iOS, Symbian, Blackberry, Android Mobile applications. Validation using simulators and emulators and also. with real time devices. Formatting! Writing and executing of Test Cases. Function and regression testing. Please find my attached CV for the same. Request you to let me know if any more details are required. Thank you for your time and looking forward to personal statements school hearing from you.

Thanks and Regards, Now the interviews and some help on how to prepare for them. We open up this section with the following: Most frequently asked Mobile Testing Interview Questions and Answers: These are some top basic and advanced mobile testing and mobile application testing interview questions and answers for freshers and experienced candidates. Q #1) What is the difference between Mobile device testing and mobile application testing? Ans. Essay Formatting Styles! Mobile device testing means testing the mobile device and mobile application testing means testing of the mobile application on a mobile device. Essay Students Kay L! Q #2) What are the essay styles types of mobile applications? Ans. And Responsibilities Essay! Mobile applications are of three types: Native Application Native app installed from application store like Android’s google play and essay styles, apple’ app store. The application which can be installed into your devices and run is known as a native application for E.G. whats App, Angry birds etc. Web Application Web applications run from mobile web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Safari etc using mobile network or WIFI.

E.G. of abelard essay, web browser applications are m.facebook.com, m.gmail.com, m.yahoo.com, m.rediffmail.com etc. Hybrid Application- Hybrid apps are combinations of native app and web app. They can run on devices or offline and are written using web technologies like HTML5 and CSS. For E.G. eBay, Flipkart etc. Q #3) How to test CPU usage on mobile devices? Ans.

There are various tools available in the market like google play or app store from where you can install apps like CPU Monitor, Usemon, CPU Stats, CPU-Z etc these are an styles advanced tool which records historical information about processes running on your device. Q #4) What are the defects tracking tools used for how do success, mobile testing? Ans. You can use same testing tool which you use for web application testing like QC, Jira, Rally, and Bugzilla etc. Q #5) What all major networks to be considered while performing application testing? Ans. You should test the application on 4G, 3G, 2G, and WIFI. 2G is essay styles a slower network, it#8217;s good if you verify your application on a slower network also to track your application performance. Q #6) When performing sanity test on the mobile application what all criteria should be taken into consideration?

Installation and uninstallation of the application Verify the and responsibilities device in different available networks like 2G, 3G, 4G or WIFI. Styles! Functional testing Interrupt testing- Able to receive the calls while running the application. Compatibility testing able to how do you define success attach the essay styles photo in message from statements gallery Test application performance on a different handset. Make some negative testing by essay formatting styles entering the invalid credentials and test the behavior of the application. Sales! Q #7) Which things to consider testing a mobile application through black box technique? By testing your application on multiple devices.

By changing the port and IP addresses to make sure the device is getting connected and disconnected properly. Formatting Styles! By making calls and sending messages to other devices. By testing your web application on different mobile browsers like Chrome, Firefox, opera, dolphin etc. Q #8) What is the latest version of iOS? Ans. iOS 8. How Do You Define! (This changes quite often, so please check the essay styles apple site for most recent info) Q #9) What is the students latest version of Android? Ans. Lollipop 5.0–5.0.2 (also changes often). Formatting! See all here. Q #10) What is the extension of Android files? .apk (Android application package) Q#11) What is the extension of iOS files? Q #12) What is the full form of MMS?

Ans. Multimedia Messaging Services. Q #13) What are MT and MO in writing statements school SMS? Ans. Sending message is known as MO (Message originate) and receiving the message is known as MT(Message Terminate) Ans. WAP is Wireless Application Protocol used in network apps. Essay Formatting Styles! Q #15) What is essay for canadian kay l GPRS and how it works?

Ans. GPRS is General Packet Radio Service which works on styles a mobile network with the help of IP transmissions. GPRS provides the transmission of IP packets over and responsibilities existing cellular networks. It provides you internet services on mobile. Essay! Q #16) What is the latest version of Windows? Q #17) What do you mean by Streaming media? Ans. Streaming is a process of downloading the data from the server. Streaming media is the multimedia that is transferred from server or provider to the receiver.

Q #18) What are the automation tools available for mobile application testing? Ans. There are many automation tools available in the market for mobile application testing but iPhone Tester is one of the best tools to test the application on iPhones and screenfly for android devices. Q #19) What is the best way to test different screen sizes of the devices? Q #20) What is the basic difference between Emulator and Simulator? Ans. The emulator is based on sales 20 hardware and software wherein simulator is based on software. Simulation is essay formatting a system that behaves similar to something else while emulation is a system that exactly behaves like something else. Q #21) What are the common challenges in mobile application testing? Ans. Working on creative different operating systems, a variety of handsets, different networks, a variety of screen size.

Read more here = 5 Mobile testing challenges and solutions. Q #22) What are the tools based on formatting cloud-based mobile testing? Ans. Seetest, Perfecto Mobile, BlazeMeter, AppThwack, Manymo, DeviceAnywhere etc. Q #23) What web services are used by a mobile app? Ans. They are many depend upon the application. SOAP and REST web services are used but RESRful is more common now.

Q #24) What all devices have you worked till now? Ans. Android, Symbian, Windows, iPhone etc. Q #25) How to create Emulator on Android? Ans. Give a name in name field - select target API from the list - enter the size - select the writing required skin section - click on essay formatting create AVD - select the required AVD - click on start button - launch it. Writing Kay L! Q #26) Does Selenium support mobile internet testing?

Ans. Yes, it does, Opera browser is essay used for Mobile internet testing. Q #27) Does Selenium support Google Android Operating System? Ans. Yes, Selenium 2.0 supports Android Operating System.

Q #28) Name debugging tools for students stewart kay l, mobile? Ans. Errors can be verified by the generated logs. We can use configuration utility on iOS and android monitor.bat on android. Here are few to name Android DDMS, Remote Debugging on essay formatting Android with Chrome, Debugging from Eclipse with ADT, Android Debug Bridge, iOS simulator etc. Q #29) Name mobile automation testing tools you know? Ranorex, Silk Mobile, SeeTest. Appium, Robotium, KIF, Calabash. Q #30) What is the strategy used to abelard essay test new mobile app?

System integration testing Functional testing Installation and uninstallation of the app Test HTML control Performance Check in essay formatting multiple mobile OS Cross browser and cross-device testing Gateway testing Network and Battery testing. Q #31) What does a test plan for Mobile App contain? Ans. Test plan for mobile app is very similar to software app. Objective Automation tools required required features to be tested: network security performance size battery memory features not to be tested display size resolution Test cases Test Strategy Tested by Time required No. of resources required. Q #32) Why mobile phone has 10 digit numbers? Ans.

The number of digits in a mobile phone number decide the maximum mobile phones we can have without dialing the country code. Q #33) Explain critical bugs that you come across while testing in mobile devices or application? Ans. Essay! Explain the example as per your experience. Styles! Here are top 10 mobile app risks. Q #34) Name mobile application testing tools. Android Android Lint Find Bugs iPhone Clang Static Analyzer Analyze code from XCode. Creative Writing Competitions! Q #35) Full form of the various extensions. apk – Android Application Package File exe – Executable Files iPA –iOS App Store Package prc – Palm Resource Compiler jad – Java Application Descriptor adb – Android Debug Bridge Aapt – Android Asset Packing Tool. Q #36) How to styles test different screen sizes of the devices. Sales! Ans.

It is a component used in software to perform the task. It is like an interface between one program to another. Q #38) What are the roles and essay formatting styles, responsibilities on a current mobile application you are testing? Ans. Answer based on essay stewart your experience on essay formatting styles the current project you are working on. Also, read mobile testing career guide. Q #39) How to my rights and responsibilities essay create the log file? Q #40) How can we install the build on iPhones and iPads?

Q #41) Can we use QTP/UFT for mobile automation testing? Ans. Formatting Styles! Yes, with the help of Seetest add-in. Q #42) Is cloud base mobile testing possible? Name any? Ans. Yes, Perfecto Mobile and Seetest. Ans. This can be done with new versions of the mobile application. Those are some of the best mobile app testing interview questions that will help you understand the trends and the kinds of questions that you could expect in how do ged essay a mobile testing job interview.

However, this list is essay formatting styles neither exhaustive nor will always question be as direct- this is just to set the stage to and responsibilities essay get you in essay formatting the groove. With this, we have reached the success ged essay end of the Mobile Testing career guide and as always, we wish this series has been helpful. Please let us know how we did and enrich this series with your participation. hello thanks for the resume and formatting, cover letter samples. Stewart Kay L! cool. please share more interview questions for mobile device testing. nice. thanks for interview questions its really helpful. Amazing for beginners#8230;. #8220;Mobile device testing means testing the essay styles mobile device and mobile application testing means testing of job resume sales 20, mobile application on a mobile device.#8221; Yes, and blue means blue#8230; some example should be helpful in case you use the very same expressions for the explanation as the question itself. yes agree with your answers, one question that what is the reason behind lagy speed of the mobile phone. Thanks for you great work.

Please share question relating to mobile installation for different devices and in different types of installation. Thanks for styles, great info. Keep up the great work. Thanks alot for helping me by this concept:). It helped me very much. i want to writing personal statements school know one thing when i restart my mobile time get change 9.00 am whats the reason of time 9.00 am. Plz can you suggest to me.

Mobile repairing interview quations. How to essay formatting get and which site. Send me link and site my id. 20! Q #20) What is the basic difference between Emulator and Simulator? Need more Clarification answered is not satisfied. Essay Styles! Thank u for tat good info..itz very useful to beginners. Thanks Great Info#8230; Q #20) Please provide clear proper explanation. plz tell me the difference between Mobile app based testing and 20, Wed based testing. Formatting Styles! bcoz it was asked me in an interview. please clear me.

Q #20) What is the basic difference between Emulator and Simulator? Need more Clarification with example. Excellent blog on Mobile Testing. Thanks a Lot. what are the techniques of job resume sales, mobile app testing?list of them.plz explain any of three techniques of essay styles, mobile app testing thanks. Superb#8230;Plz Share more interview Web Application Testing questions#8230; Who offers these training? Its simply brilliant move. Superb..this questions help a lot to who make career as Mobile tester.

Its really helpfull#8230;thank you. Very useful tips for those people who are going to writing for high students give their first interview. Essay! I have also read nice blog on interview which let you know that is your interview can you get the how do success Job and very insightful. Keep Sharing. Can you please explain Question No.25. I did not understand it. How do you create Emulator in Android device? what does it mean? Can you elaborate more on Simulator Emulators? Sorry, i did not undertstand from above definition.

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essays etc This page is full of essays that I wrote at University and College. I didn't get 'A's on all of them - just most of essay styles, them - so steal at your own risk.This format is -of course - just temporary. History 339 Primary Documents Review Robert Jago 20015294 Document One: Debates on the Passage of the Quebec Act, House of Commons, 1774: Each party in the debate accepts that it is right and just that the newly conquered subjects of Canada should be assimilated with regards to religion and language. Where the parties differ is in the 'law-form' of the country and success the rights of essay formatting, English colonists and tradesmen therein.

The Attorney General, Lord Thurlow, proposes that it is unwise to create a democratic system of government in sales, the new colony. He states that, 'humanity, justice, and wisdom equally conspire to essay advise you to leave them [institutions] to the people just as they were'. With regard to the Englishman's right to carry his laws with him over to the new colony, the Attorney General considers this to be as absurd an expectation as if a Londoner expected the how do laws of essay, his city to creative competitions for high school follow him to formatting styles the Isle of Guernsey. On this latter point, the Solicitor General, Alexander Wedderburn, claims that the rights of Englishmen should be withheld from Canada so as to 'keep alive in their breasts this attachment to their native soil'. My Rights And Responsibilities. The contrary argument comes from Colonel Barre and essay styles Mr. Charles Fox, and essay Mr. Edmund Burke. The former argued from a jingoistic position, that the Attorney General should be more concerned with his English countrymen in Canada - who emigrated to the country in essay formatting, the expectation of ged essay, enjoying the same rights and privileges as they had in styles, their motherland. Furthermore, Colonel Barre claims that the imposition of the English constitution is not a punishment, but, due to its liberal nature, it is creative writing competitions school a reward. Mr.

Fox expands upon the latter argument and essay styles suggests that whatever elements of English law that the local inhabitants may find disagreeable may be easily adjusted to abelard essay better fit their temperament. Finally, Mr. Fox, foreshadowing the argument by Mr. Burke in the years to come, states that his opposition to the authoritarian constitution to be continued in Canada is based in essay formatting, his belief that, 'America is not to personal statements be governed by force, but by formatting styles affection and interest'. Mr. Burke partially digresses from the particular topic at statements hand and in stead makes the 'slippery slope' argument, that a tyrannical government in essay formatting styles, Canada will be used by unnamed forces at home as an example to show that 'stronger measures' are better suited for governing.

Finally, in another tangential argument, Lord North proclaims his support for the bill in order to and responsibilities prevent the establishment of a free assembly composed entirely of Roman Catholics. Document Two: Edmund Burke, Speech on Conciliation with America: In this document Mr. Edmund Burke seems to echo Mr. Fox's argument from the previous essay. Edmund Burke argues that America's bond to the British Empire rests solely on the feeling amongst the Americans that English Liberty and essay formatting English rule are one and indivisible. He argues that if Americans were shown that Liberty and English government were separable then the bond would be broken, because Americans could find 'tyranny anywhere'. How Do Ged Essay. Document Three: Edmund Burke, Speech on formatting styles Fox's East India Bill: In this document Edmund Burke draws a distinction between a classical Charter, which may help enumerate some of the natural rights of men, and the East India Company's Charter, which illuminates the Company's rights over men. Mr.

Burke claims that all such political arrangements are artificial and are part of a social contract. While the East India Company has fairly, legally, and abelard essay justly acquired its dominion in India for money, it must not disregard that in formatting, doing so it formed a social contract with the Indians and therefore it must run its lawful administration to their eventual benefit. Document Four: William Cobbett, Political Register: This document has a surprisingly twenty-first century view of the Raj . Essay Writing For Canadian Students Stewart Kay L. William Cobbett argues that the essay conquest of India is the greatest crime in the history of the creative competitions school students world, it is formatting styles without justification, and my rights the unceasing wars which accompany it are a waste of English lives, and a slander of English honor and glory. Document Five: William Wilberforce, Speech on the East India Company's Charter Bill: William Wilberforce fears that Britain is essay styles too easily sitting on its laurels with regards to India. He fears that the impressive edifice that is the British Raj has blinded England to how tenuous their rule is. The reason for this is writing students that Britain has failed to win the formatting affection of the Indians.

William Wilberforce's solution to the lack of writing personal for grad, affection the formatting styles Indians may feel towards Britain is to recreate the Indians, as an Asian race of Englishmen. Document Number 6, Thomas Munro on the Employment of my rights and responsibilities essay, Natives in the Public Service: Thomas Munro proposes that the British are courting disaster if they continue to exclude Indians from high public office in India. Styles. He writes that the Empire's hold over them should be one of affection, and that that affection is writing for grad school won by allowing the Indians into the highest offices of the essay Empire. He writes that excluding Indians from high office would remove the incentive for Indians to educate themselves along British standards. Without such an education their civilization would sink still further. He concludes that British rule should be maintained permanently in India so that the process of essay students stewart kay l, Anglicisation and civilisation may continue until Britain 'shall in time so far improve the character of our Indian subjects as to enable them to govern and protect themselves'. Formatting Styles. Document Number 7, Thomas Babington MacCaulay Sppech on the Government of India: Thomas MacCaulay reiterates Thomas Munro's earlier argument that Indians should be admitted to all of the high offices of India so that this incentive might help raise the general character of the Indians. MacCaulay draws on divine providence in his explanation of the British object in India. Writing Statements For Grad. He writes: 'we shall never consent to . stupify and paralyse a great people who God has committed to our charge '. MacCaulay considers that the civilizing mission in India can only essay, add to Britain's honour. he concludes by epitomizing his and Thomas Munro's argument that the 'empire is the imperishable empire of our arts and our morals, our literature and creative writing students our laws'.

Document 8, William Huskisson Speech on moving for a select committee on the civil government if Canada: William Huskisson attacks the feeling in Parliament that the empire must pay its own way and essay formatting styles bring some material benefit to the Home Islands. Creative Writing Competitions For High School. He argues that Britain has a duty to her subjects and not the other way around; that Britain has formed numerous colonies in her own image and formatting styles that abandoning these colonies of Englishmen [indistinguishable from how do themselves] would be 'an indelible disgrace'. He attacks these men as 'Little Englanders' and appeals to their patriotism by invoking Britain's civlizing mission to the world. Styles. Document 9, Edward Gibbon Wakefield: In this document, Mr. Wakefiled describes the anarchic British settlement of New Zealand and the problem of dis-honourable settlers run riot over the natives. Creative School. His solution is to send the islands a Bishop in order to supervise the settlers. Document Ten: Sir Thomas Foxwell Buxton, Report of the essay formatting styles Parliamentary Select Committee on Aborigines (British Settlements): Sir Thomas first accepts that it is right and just for Britain to job resume 20 find new outlets for the surplus population of the Home Islands. However with this right comes the duty to supervise that colonisation in essay styles, order to check an evil as great as slavery - the essay for canadian students stewart kay l oppression of the natives of 'barbarous countries'.

The chief reason for their oppression is the essay formatting distance between the settlers that commit the crimes and the English courts fit to punish them. Document Eleven: John George Lambton, Earl of Durham, Report on essay writing for canadian students stewart kay l the Affairs of British North America: In this document the styles Earl of Durham proposes the union of British America into and responsibilities essay a new nation which would allow the local population to essay styles have some say in the government. The proximity of the United States has daily shown the British Americans that enjoy a poorer material life than their southern cousins and this creates a move for separation from the for high school Empire. The only way that this can be countered is through the fostering of national feeling which would give the British Americans 'a country which they would be unwilling to see absorbed even into one more powerful'. Styles. The Earl of Durham also finds that many people in the metropole are too ready to how do success leave the security of the British dominion over America to essay styles the common ties of writing for canadian kay l, affection. Document Twelve: Lord Edward Godffrey Smith Stanley, Speech in the House of Commons: Lord Edward Godffrey Smith Stanley, states that while Canada is a military liability to Britain, its commercial and political importance far outweigh this problem. He also writes that if certain Canadian parochials would wish to separate their country from formatting Britain's nominal control, they must consider that while Britain does gain much from Canada, Canada gains far more materially from Britain and personal for grad school the Imperial connection. Document Thirteen: John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy: John Stuart Mill writes that nations have a duty to colonize the world in essay, order open the resources of the under developed nations to the world and to the benefit of all mankind. He notes that while the principle of comparative advantage is writing school students generally accepted, a similar principle, applying to labour is rarely considered, 'the exportation of labourers and capital from a place where their productive power is less to a place where it is greater, increases . the aggregate produce of the labour and capital of the world'.

Document Fourteen: Richard Cobden, Speech at Manchester: Richard Cobden opposes the essay formatting military expenditures related to my rights and responsibilities maintaining an empire. He writes that surely the English do not intend to styles maintain the empire by this force of arms, and if as some argue, arms are needed to defend trade, then why is a similar expenditure of the machines of war not needed to ensure the security of the transatlantic trade with the United States. How Do Success Ged Essay. He also argues that the essay formatting solution to writing statements the frequent insurrections by the natives throughout the Empire is for 'civilised men [to] treat savages like men'. Document Fifteen: Richard Cobden, Letters on India: Richard Cobden expresses the fear that like Greece and Rome before her, Britain may be 'corrupted and demoralized' by her Asian Empire. He appears to want to hasten the end of the essay formatting styles Raj by removing the 'screen' of the British East India Company from the administration of India, so that Parliament could meditate on writing students kay l the awesome responsibility of governing and civilising more than one hundred million people. Document Sixteen: Earl of Rosebery, Speech to styles the Leeds Chamber of Commerce: The Earl of Rosebery introduces the term 'Imperial Federation'. The purpose of such a community is to ensure the job resume continued connection between Britain and her dominions. The previous claims that Britain must shoulder the burden of Empire, and that the essay formatting styles colonies are a drain on her materially and spiritually have given way to the Earl's claim that it is my rights solely because of the Empire that the trade with the colonies is so high.

He notes that trade with Australia and essay formatting its three million inhabitants is the same in real numbers as trade with the United States (a liberated colony) and its sixty million inhabitants. Document Seventeen: Benjamin Disraeli, Speech at the Crystal Palace: Disraeli attacks the 'Little Englanders' and the liberals for their attempts to undermine the Empire. Disraeli claims that if not for the devotion and loyalty of the colonies to England, the imperial ties would have been severed. My Rights Essay. Disraeli finds that the essay formatting styles time is right for the consolidation of the Empire into a federation with an Imperial Tariff, military, and parliament. Document Eighteen: W.E. Gladstone, England's Mission: Gladstone undermines the cause of you define ged essay, Imperial federation by calling it a 'superstition equally gross and formatting styles mischevious'. Statements School. He again appeals to divine providence and 'England's mission' which appears to be to create outlets for her surplus population.

The glory of founding these repositories of essay, men is that they are also repositories of English liberty and culture and therefore are bound to her by 'moral and social sympathies' as opposed to the writ and fiat of Downing Street. Document Nineteen: John Bright, Speech on India: John Bright renews the call to administer to abelard essay India with an eye for its eventual independence along a British model. However he does not appeal to a sense of future glory or 'England's mission' as justification, but instead writes that Britain should 'make amends for the original crime upon which much of our power in India is founded'. Essay Formatting Styles. Document Twenty: John Robert Steeley, The Expansion of England: India for the moment excepted, John Robert Steeley finds that unique aspect of 'Greater Britain' is its shared nationality. Creative Writing For High. He draws the distinction between the essay styles British Empire and this greater British nation which is an enormous agrandisement of the national estate and allows for an Englishmen to travel anywhere on earth and still find himself at personal statements home. On a separate point, Steeley writes that the Raj has removed from the essay formatting Indians the native Official class which is necessary for them to have self government. If Britain were to remove herself from competitions students India, she would be abandoning it to chaos; therefore, for formatting the good of the Indians (and not for the honour of those Englishmen that conquered them) the Raj must continue until the eventual goal of self-government is at hand. Britain should not delude herself about having won the love of the Indians, because unlike the civilising mission of Rome in success ged essay, Iberia, Britain can offer the Indians only an essay formatting styles austere 'cold daylight' to their previous 'warm gorgeous twilight'. Document Twenty-one: Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury, Speech in the House of Lords: The Marquess of Salisbury admonishes his fellow Lords for failing to abelard essay take the initiative in the expansion of the formatting styles colonies.

He writes that the rising walls of protectionism and the advancing colonial frontiers of job resume sales, her competitors are putting Britain at a grave disadvantage. Essay Formatting. She must therefore act immediately at abelard essay any chance to win a legacy for her grandchildren in fertile places such as Uganda lest such places become part of essay formatting styles, a German or French legacy. Document Twenty-two: Lord Curzon of Kedleston, Speech at Farewell Dinner, Byculla Club, Bombay: Lord Curzon describes the British civil servant in India as someone of the highest moral principles. He writes that these moral principles alone are the justification for the British presence in India. Document Twenty-three: Lord Milner, Speech to the Manchester Conservative Club: Lord Milner describes the innumerable benefits bestowed upon Britain by her dominions. These dominions alone will ensure that Britain will remain a great power, just as their absence will ensure her material impoverishment. His slogan, 'One throne, one flag, one citizenship' summarizes his position. Students Stewart. Document Twenty-four: Sir Frederick Dealtry Lugard, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa: The author enumerates the responsibility of British rulers to the native inhabitants of her colonies. This is the first part of the dual mandate in the tropics. As part of that mandate the British must raise the moral stature of the essay formatting natives and country that they rule; in order to do so the British themselves must maintain the essay for canadian kay l highest of moral standards in order to ensure their prestige and essay authority. The second part of the abelard essay mandate is the development of the tropical economy so that its resources may be available to all of formatting styles, mankind.

Document Twenty-five: George Bernard Shaw, The Man of Destiny: George Bernard Shaw, speaking through Napoleon expounds upon English hypocrisy. He writes that 'an Englishman does every thing on principle'. GB Shaw writes that an English man's morals are interpreted so as to justify his nation's necessity. Document Twenty-six: J.A. Hobson, Imperialism: A Study: Hobson's is a socialist interpretation of the support and expansion of the British Empire. The author quotes Cecil Rhodes when he said 'Her Majesty's Flag [is] the greatest commercial asset in the world'. Document Twenty-seven: J. Ramsay MacDonald, Labor and the Empire: Ramsay MacDonald derides the character of the men of the colonial service. He complains that they have done their duty in the colonies with the narrowest of minds and have refused to for grad school understand the minds of the natives. He lays the blame at a national pride which has degraded into essay formatting racial chauvanism.

Document Twenty-eight: General Jan Christian Smuts, Speech at Banquet given in his honor by member of both Houses of statements school, Parliament: General Smuts describes the Empire as a world in itself, or a 'Commonwealth of Nations' rather than an Empire. He writes that while there may be Empires such as India and Egypt within this commonwealth, the essay styles bonds within it are not those of a traditional empire such as Russia or Rome, but rather ties of affection. Personal Statements For Grad. For General Smuts, the British Empire, with its foundation in styles, the Hereditary Monarchy, stands for abelard essay 'a fuller, a richer, and styles more various life among all the nations that compose it'. Document Twenty-nine: Clement R. Atlee, The Labour Party in Perspective: Clement Atlee states that the two pillars of the Labour party's policy for the Empire are 'self government' and 'socialisation'. The first pillar involves allowing for self-government where it is possible, and statements where it is not possible, formally recognizing the colonies as mandates within the League of nations structure. By opening the colonies for inspection by the League of Nations, the Labour Party intended to ensure that the essay formatting styles League accepted some of the responsibility for defending the colonies, thus taking some of the pressure off of the British military. The second pillar is less defined. The only sales 20, concrete proposal of Atlee's is to turn over the control of the 'means of production' in essay formatting styles, the colonies to the League of Nations.

Criminology 135 Assignment Three Robert Jago 200015294 In his book, Multicultural Citizenship, Will Kymlicka expounds upon how do success ged essay the basis of the collective rights of the several types of groups that make up Canada. He claims that there are first and foremost the formatting styles two founding nations; This primary grouping is composed of the descendants of the colonizers who created the state in their image. This primary group founded the state with their conceptions of personal for grad school, rights and privileges in essay formatting, mind. Kymlicka states that these two founding groups are rightfully afforded every chance at how do you define success ged essay self-government. Together with the founders there are immigrants, or 'New Canadians'. Immigrants and other non-primary (or non-founding) groups do not share in the primary groups' rights. These non-primary groups have no legitimate or just claims to have separate self-governing institutions. Essay Styles. Most importantly, these non-primary groups have no moral right whatsoever to have their cultures or languages recognized in an official capacity. The reason that the success ged essay non-primary groups do not hold the same types of nationality rights as the primary groups is because they voluntarily surrendered their rights as a distinct people by emigrating to an established state and styles society. The duty of New Canadians is to assimilate themselves into the dominant society.

The hundreds of Aboriginal peoples that inhabit Canada poses a different sort of rights than either the founders or the immigrants do. Because aboriginal or 'native' Canadians are part of in my rights, Canada because of force, they continue to possess the same nationality rights that any other sovereign people posses. Native rights were never surrendered voluntarily, therefore they continue to exist. It is formatting should be noted that all individuals, regardless of their group affiliation [or lack thereof], have certain 'natural rights' such as the freedom of speech and abelard essay assembly and of life, liberty and property. As sovereign peoples, aboriginals continue to styles have the right to their own justice system. They have a right to conscript people, they have a right to execute people and writing personal for grad so on and so forth. They also have a right to be un-democratic; the essay formatting styles rights of peoples and nations have long been recognized as entirely separate from the natural rights of individuals. With it decided that aboriginal nations continue to posses a broad range of nationality rights, the main question at hand is whether or not they should exercise any of these rights. Sales 20. A further question is what is the essay styles duty of the Canadian state, if any, to aboriginal individuals, who have a legal status as native and, Canadian citizens. A further question is, should non-status natives, who in school, many respects are similar to new Canadians, be considered part of essay styles, this equation. To begin to answer these questions there needs first to be a summary of the state of affairs for natives in essay, the criminal justice system.

It is commonly agreed that the central problem behind much native crime is substance abuse , whether that be heroin on the streets of Vancouver, Alcohol in the reserves of Saskatchewan, or gasoline and styles glue in the shanties of Labrador. On some reserves, alcohol is responsible for 95% of essay for canadian students stewart, crime, with nearly 100% of the essay adult population involved in some way or other. Furthermore, this alcohol abuse leads to a disproportionate amount of violent crime including spousal and child abuse - both of you define, which may lead to further cycles of family violence. Outside of reserves, natives are disproportionately represented in violent crime and essay formatting styles drug related crime as well as domestic violence. Natives comprise between 8 and essay writing for canadian 68 percent of the provincial prison populations, well beyond their share of the population. Essay Styles. There are numerous reasons why natives come into constant conflict with the law. One such reason for native conflict with the law is what can be termed, 'a problem of policing'. Several studies have shown that white police officers are more likely to deal with a complaint involving white people without recourse to arrest. When these same white police officers come into abelard essay similar conflicts with native or black individuals they are more likely to resort to arrest. One response to this problem of policing is to hire native police officers to serve in areas with large native populations.

However, by enlisting natives to police natives one can be said to formatting be pandering to racial biases; it is not dissimilar from enlisting whites to police whites, blacks to police blacks, and so forth - it is at best an unsettling proposal. Furthermore, besides the task of making such a proposal socially acceptable there is a growing body of evidence which shows that the racial biases that native police officers would have may not necessarily benefit natives. In a study regarding the use of deadly force in the United States, it was found that black officers were just as likely to shoot black suspects as were white officers. How Do You Define. It was hypothesized that there was both an institutional and meta-cultural bias against black men and many police officers had this bias, regardless of their own colour. Essay Styles. This may also hold true for natives. Natives have traditionally been under valued in white society and this view may have been internalized by natives. The internalization of colonialism and the affectations of it is apparent in and responsibilities, Verdun-Jones and Griffiths' text.

They imply that there is a single native society with traditional communal values and essay that is my rights and responsibilities based on consensus. Each of those assertions is absurd. Native societies are extremely diverse and any unifying aspects are the product of colonialism- something that the authors blame for the high rates of formatting styles, criminality amongst natives. Traditional native society in British Columbia was not based on communal property in the current sense, but was based on clan or familial property that was viciously guarded. There was no peace amongst the first nations of British Columbia. Crime fighting in pre-contact societies more often involved physical violence than consensus and 'community healing'. Writing Competitions For High. As for communities as they exist today, they are the direct products of colonialism.

Natives never had an egalitarian society with equal justice for formatting all as each type of criminal reform listed in the text holds as an axiom. Traditional native society in British Columbia was supported upon a superstructure of slavery, violence and the absolute rights of private and family property. In order to solve the problems of native communities there must be a whole hearted acceptance of abelard essay, some aspects of European culture. There must be a recognition of the pillars of common law. There must be a recognition of the formal, legal equality of men ,women, and foreigners.

There must be a recognition of the right to formatting confront accused, there must be a statute of limitations, a right of sales, appeal, and all of the basic rights regarding the use of evidence. Before any major reforms can be undertaken there needs to be a recognition that each level of government has some specific responsibilities with regard to natives. The native governments themselves have a responsibility first and foremost for preserving native culture and civilization [the term is here used loosely]. The federal governments under their fiduciary responsibility [held by formatting the crown under section 22] have a duty to native individuals. These dual roles are enshrined in creative writing competitions for high school, the Charter of Rights and styles Freedoms. What these roles mean for justice reform is that each government holds a separate interest and must guard this interest in writing for canadian students kay l, any decision regarding reforms. This does impinge upon the inherent and moral right of sovereignty that the formatting styles various native nations hold, but there are some political realities that supercede these rights and one of them is that native Canadians are - in the least - the bearers of dual loyalties , national or ethnic and political. The first loyalty is to how do you define success their own racial government, and the second is to the civil government in Ottawa. With regard to justice reforms, these separate roles do come into essay formatting conflict. There has been at job resume sales least one case brought before the courts on Vancouver Island regarding the excesses of community justice. One man who had become known for drinking and essay behaving irresponsibly while living in Victoria, was kidnapped under the order of his community's native elders, and with the consent of his family, conscripted into a traditional native healing ceremony.

If the statements school interests of the community had prevailed we would have heard little of this case. However, the styles man in question exercised his rights as a Canadian citizen and invoked the charter against the community that unlawfully attacked him. The men that took him on community orders and beat him into sobriety were charged with kidnapping and assault, much to the consternation of his family and community. The federal government also has a duty to protect the abelard essay community at large - that is to essay formatting say, white Canada from dangerous individuals regardless of race or nationality. Certain offenses such as forcible rape have recently been treated differently if they had been committed by a native. Writing For Grad School. Because of the harsh realities of the residential schools, many natives were sexually abused and have begun to act this out on other people, through forcible rape, or child abuse et. al.. Any federal actions in justice reform must therefore take these many factors into consideration. Styles. First and foremost is the right of natives to have their own justice system. Second is the general issue of accountability and democracy enshrined in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Third, their is the fiduciary responsibility to native individuals, coupled with the Peace Order and abelard essay Good Government related duties of the government to ensure public safety and the general welfare of the non-native populace.

The various native governments have one sole concern on formatting this issue and that is advancing their national self interest. How Do Ged Essay. It is an affront to the dignity of a sovereign nation to have their nationals arrested, tried and imprisoned in a foreign justice system. The most powerful regular exercise of state power is the essay formatting ability of the state to arrest, try , and writing for canadian students stewart kay l detain its wayward citizens. The native governments, if they are to act as real nations do, need this 'big stick' in essay, order to survive and rebuild. You Define. The nationalization of the justice system by the Native governments is imperative if they are to essay styles legitimately exercise authority over their citizens.. The decision on whether or not there should be a native justice system lay entirely with the federal government. The question before the federal government is, should it devolve, delegate, or maintain its current responsibilities for writing students the administration of justice on the native reserves. One option for the federal government is to create a parallel federal government of natives with the accompanying institutions such as a court and police system. This was proposed in the Royal Commission on Native Peoples. This option is the most contentious.

The rest of Canada is likely to balk at any form of consociational government between the races. Any new political arrangements with natives should be on essay styles a territorial basis, because of Canadian's familiarity with this form of governmental responsibility. Another reason for the devolution of writing personal, justice on a territorial basis is the sheer diversity of native nations. Some native peoples may not wish to accept responsibility for styles the administration of their own justice system for one reason or another. Perhaps they do not trust the for canadian stewart kay l factions within their nations to be able to essay impartially administer a court and police system. The record to date of native government and policing has shown that impartiality and the independence of the police are far from guaranteed. You Define. The purpose for essay styles constructing a separate native justice system is to mitigate the harmful effects of colonialism which are responsible for the heightened criminality of natives. While the writing personal statements for grad school proposition that colonialism has hurt natives more than it has helped them is open to question, what must be dealt with here is whether or not a separate court and policing system for essay formatting styles each native nation will 'heal the wounds' of a century or two of colonial rule. The answer is, yes and no. How Do You Define Ged Essay. On some reserves or tribes with large enough populations and with the essay basic tenets of sales 20, western-liberal justice and democracy established, a justice system would be a welcome step on the road to becoming full partners in the federation. On reserves here nepotism and ancient class and racial bigotry reign, the addition of the police would be half way towards creation of a police state.

The devolution of justice to some native nations would allow for the racialization or nationalization of many high paid and professional jobs. Essay Styles. This would immediately give a boost to the native societies. Beyond that, native civilians would benefit from having full access to people of abelard essay, their own race who share their cultural prejudices and styles traits. However, it is and responsibilities unclear if these utopian reserves of rights and essay styles democracy and brotherhood exist. The most likely and essay writing stewart kay l most beneficial choice the federal government could make for natives is to delegate the responsibility for the court system to them. This would mean the stationing of federal officers on essay styles the basis of their race and national origin [presumably native - or more specifically Salish, Tsipsian or whatever] to reserves. Furthermore it would mean the creation of a separate system of circuit or county courts for the reserves that would remain part of the provincial or federal court system. Perhaps this new system could be adjunct to the federal court. A separate layer of the federal or provincial courts that would serve justice on reserves only would be halfway between an writing for grad autonomous paralell native federation, and a native archipelago of formatting, four or five hundred justice systems. This final option would have the added benefit of maintaining control of the courts in the Department of Indian Affairs and or justice. The judges would be federally appointed from a separate native court bar [just as there is a Supreme Court bar].

Furthermore the separate level of courts would be acceptable to many non-native Canadians. The court would have a specific territorial entity as its jurisdiction and this entity is not composed exclusively of the and responsibilities essay people of one race. The court would administer justice on the territory of the reserves. Just as the essay formatting supreme court of the united states refers to the laws of the states of a cases origin when rendering their decisions, the new federal court could refer to abelard essay the numerous reserve or national laws when rendering its decisions. A native court, a native bar, and formatting styles native judges, administering local native laws do not necessarily prevent a native man for getting drunk and beating his wife.

The sense of for canadian kay l, pride at having his own court system is likely to do little as well. What is wrong with the reserves is a lack of formatting styles, economic opportunity and a lack of order. Economic opportunity is not within the scope of this paper, but order is. If there cannot be a separate federal police force for abelard essay natives, and if policing cannot be devolved to native governments for fear if giving too much power to too many corrupt regimes, then what is to be done with the police? A separate police division of the RCMP has been tried and essay styles has failed. What could work is a piece meal response that would have capable reserves with their own police forces and competitions school students lesser reserves with a force of specially trained RCMP subject to local police boards. This would be coupled with a native court sensitive to coerced evidence, police prejudices and differential use of the arresting power. The separate layers of policing may cut down on many of the unnecessary arrest of natives as well as allow people to formatting styles have more confidence in for grad, the police and call them before a domestic disturbance turns violent. This would likely take care of many of the problems of order on the reserves. The courts would both serve as a support for the new policing system and act as a booster of national pride. With the question of law and order on the reserves out of the way, there is the question of extra-territoriality and the Metis and non-status natives .The key component of any separate system of justice should be that it is based on territorial distinctions.

That is the only practical way of administering justice and selling justice to a population of essay formatting, fair weather egalitarians like the Canadians . The Metis where they have their own territories should be allowed to be part of the native court and policing systems. Status natives living off reserve should have no recourse to the native courts if their crime was not committed on reserve. Because the court are founded on a territorial basis they have a limited exclusive jurisdiction. Non-status natives have voted with their feet in abelard essay, the same way that all immigrants have, and they have opted out of native national life, the reserve police and court system should not apply to formatting styles them. While natives should have no access to the reserve court system if they are not physically on writing personal for grad school a reserve they still will have problems with criminality. The only feasible solution for urban natives is to have regular police officers of native ancestry in areas with large native populations. Besides that, all that can be done is mandatory awareness campaigns for the police, crown counsel and judges. Such training would focus on the rules of evidence and essay formatting styles the differential use of the discretionary power by police and by prosecutors which has resulted in discrimination against natives. The presence of how do, native police officers on the 'native beat' might allow people of native ancestry to feel more comfortable with the officers and to come to them with problems earlier.

Native police officers may treat people of their own race better than people of an other race and styles deal with the former's problems out of court. While this beneficial racial is both unsettling and essay stewart kay l less than a certainty ,the presence of native police officers in disturbances amongst natives could in the least diffuse the essay situation and turn it from you define a racial confrontation to formatting styles one merely of the police and a criminal. It is an uncomfortable conclusion to come to, however, it has been arrived at here. A separate Native court system, based on writing for canadian students stewart territory is the best means possible to correct the ill effects of the colonial experience. Because white-Canada has shown that it is unlikely to essay styles accept any system based solely on race and nationality - a separate native court system that would be open to all the natives of Canada is not politically feasible. A territorial division of power is common in Canada, and the extension of this division of powers to natives -while contentious- is not an writing impossibility. If such a court was kept as an adjunct to the federal court, and had a narrow jurisdiction over the reserves only, it could correct some of the ill effects of the colonial legacy - at least on the reserves.

However many Natives do not live on reserve, though they do share in the stigma of being native. Because white police officers, prosecutors, and judges, have been shown to discriminate against natives. Formatting Styles. The evidence shows that native police officers may be as likely to discriminate against how do success, natives as are white police. The best possible solution is the recruitment of native police officers for areas with high native populations in the hope that they would in the least encourage natives to report crime amongst themselves more readily than they do with white officers. In order to deal with some of the discrimination, there also needs to be a sensitivity program to include the formatting styles police, judges, and prosecutors. While these solutions fall far short of essay writing stewart kay l, what is essay needed to solve the problem of native criminality, it is the sales 20 farthest one can politically go in Canada toward a solution. Crim201: Canada?s sexual assault laws were, until recently, based in the customary tradition of the United Kingdom. That tradition in itself is based on more ancient traditions. Essay. The common thread to most if not all sexual assault laws throughout history has been their exclusion of the martial relationship as a possible venue for sexual assault.

The first proposed laws on sexual assault in this study originate in classical Athens. This law was not specifically a rape law, but rather dealt with justifiable homicide. How Do Success. Drafted by Plato, it stated that: The man who forcibly violates a free woman or boy shall be slain with impunity by the person thus violently outraged, or by essay styles his father, or brother and sons . And should a man discover his wedded wife being violated, he shall be guiltless if he kills the violator (Cohen 1993, p.8). This law protects both men and women from sexual assault ? which is statements something that Canadian law did not achieve until 1983. This law still does not protect a spouse from rape by his or her partner. It is also important to draw attention to essay formatting whom the offense is being committed against.

It is stated that if a man discovers ?his? wife being raped, he may respond with deadly force. Creative Writing School Students. The act itself is not committed against formatting styles, the wife but against the husband?s possession. The next law comes from the Roman Empire. Unlike Athenian and Canadian law, this law provides for the possibility of a woman committing rape. Also, unlike Athenian and early American law, rape or ?lewd advances? could be committed against a slave(Russell 1975, p.13). If anyone makes lewd advances, be it a man or a woman, freeborn or freed, he will be liable for the outrage and creative writing for high even if an attempt is made on the chastity of a slave, this too is deemed to be an essay styles outrage (Justinian ca 550, p. Writing. 166). This law is a codification of earlier Roman law. Among the essay styles key points to how do you define success ged essay note about the law is that it falls within the realm of tort. Sexual assault at this early stage was only a concern for the state if it was committed by a slave.

It is also important to note that the terms used in this law are not specifically inclusive of husbands and wives. No provision existed for the prosecution of rape within marriage. Marriage in the middle ages was, until 1180, an object of essay formatting, contention. While in Rome there were several ways in which one could be married, with different social and writing for canadian stewart kay l legal ramifications (Kolbert 1979, pp.54-57), in Europe Pope Alexander III decreed that there should be but one (Brundage 1993, pp.247-248). The Pope ruled that marriage began after an agreement to marry had been consummated (Ibid. p.248). In several cases involving leprosy, the formatting Pope ruled that because the marriage had been consummated, one spouse had a duty to go with the stricken spouse to the leposarium where he will ?give her sexual solace on demand? or where she will provide him with ?marital affection? (Ibid. How Do Success Ged Essay. p.249). An emphasis should be put on the term ?consummated?. By the 13th century it had been generally agreed that two sorts of rights existed in marriage(Ibid. p.251). The first set were created with the agreement to marry, and those involved the marital rights such as property. The second set of rights were sexual rights or ?implied consent?.

These second rights were created when the couple consummated their marriage. A 14th century court ruling shows that, while the marital rights could be dissolved by separation, these sexual rights were permanent: We hold the formatting defendant bound to pay the conjugal debt to the plaintiff in her father?s house one night each week and to keep this obligation faithfully, until we shall order otherwise (Brundage, p.252). Writing Students. The marital debt was a very real and enforceable debt throughout the middle ages. By most definitions (positivists excepted), what the court ordered in that case was a weekly, scheduled rape. This practice continued throughout the middle ages. Essay Formatting. Rape could only be committed by a man against a free woman(Wemple 1993, p.229). Punishments usually involved a fine which varied depending on the amount of force used (5 solidi for abduction and rape, 8 more solidi if he used a sword). A common punishment for a man who committed rape was that he must pay the offended family the bride-price. How Do You Define Success. If she consented to sex, the price was reduced by one third. Consent was the formatting property of the father or brothers, and sexual assault was an offence against their property (Ibid.).

Other punishments for rape included enslavement to the offended family (if the offender was a servant or only half free), and death if the offender had the audacity to flee to a church (Ibid.). Writing Personal For Grad. Rape in essay, the United Kingdom is a more puzzling affair. While it is my rights commonly accepted that these mediaeval laws persisted, there is some evidence to the contrary. The doctrine on common law and marital rape was stated explicitly in the 1275 and 1285 Statutes of Westminster Johnson and essay styles Sigler 1997, p11). This was reiterated by the 17th century judge Sir Mathew Hale. He stated that ?the wife hath given up herself in this kind unto her husband which she cannot retract? (Hall 1984, p.xvi).

He based his judgement on ?ancient common law doctrine?. While the Athenian, Roman, and Papal law cited above does suggest that Sir Mathew was factually accurate, he may not have been technically correct. Common law is an organic law which changes with each judicial ruling. These rulings are able to overturn legal doctrines such as the kind described in this paper so far. In 1631 a man was convicted in 20, England of raping his wife (Hall, p.xvi). This suggests that perhaps, ?ancient common law doctrine? had long since been overturned by styles the time that Sir Mathew got to it. Abelard Essay. Nevertheless it persisted unchanged until it was transferred to Canada in formatting styles, the 18th century. Writing For Canadian Students Stewart Kay L. In 1800, the laws of England such as they were on September 17th, 1792, became Canadian laws. This was accomplished with the formatting Act for the Further Introduction of English Criminal Law into Upper Canada (Garley 1989, p.26).

These laws were ineffective. Between 1840 and personal statements for grad 1892, in Ontario, there were 228 rape prosecutions and 49 convictions (Ibid. pp. 29-30). By the late 1800?s the absurdity inherent in Sir Mathew Hale?s proclamation became evident. In R. v. Clarence, the courts decided that while a husband had the right to sexual intercourse with his wife, he could not enforce that right by using force(anon. Essay Formatting. 2000). The implied consent or the creative students ?sexual rights? were no longer considered to be absolute: Subsequent decisions restricted Hale's proposition to situations where husband and wife enjoyed ordinary relations between them, thus exposing abusive husbands to essay formatting prosecution for how do you define success ged essay rape where they were judicially separated or where the wife had initiated divorce proceedings and had been granted a decree nisi (Ibid.). The law continued to crumble throughout the 20th century. In 1935, Southern Australia allowed for the conviction (albeit under exceptionally violent circumstances) of essay styles, a husband for raping his wife.

In 1965, New Zealand permitted for job resume sales the prosecution of husbands for raping their wives when a decree nisi was in place. Scotland barred spousal rape altogether in 1989, and England followed suit in 1991 (Ibid.). Canadian rape law throughout this period changed only formatting styles, once. While the writing competitions school students absolute sexual rights that were referred to essay formatting styles in the mediaeval period and reinforced by Sir Mathew Hale did not survive the start of the twentieth century, the formal law still remained in place. Writing Personal Statements For Grad. It was not until 1983 that the formatting styles law shielding a husband from a rape prosecution by his wife passed into history. The law as it stood in my rights, 1927, and titled ?Unlawful Carnal Knowledge? reads as follows: 298. Rape is the formatting styles act of a man having carnal knowledge of personal statements, a woman who is essay formatting styles not his wife without her consent, or with consent which has been extorted by threats or fear of bodily harm, or obtained by personating the woman?s husband, or by false and fraudulent representations as to the nature and quality of the act. [emphasis mine] (R.S., 1927, 289, p.87) By 1980, this law remained unchanged(Tremeear?s 1980 Criminal Code 143, p.61). A rape by definition could not be committed by a husband against job resume sales 20, his wife. While the essay styles absolute sexual right in perpetuity had ceased to exist, the right was maintained in existing marriages though it was grounds for divorce. The result of these laws was the sales 20 gross under reporting of rape. It was not simply because many women believed that their attackers would not be punished, but it is that many women did not believe that an attack had taken place (Russell, p.134).

Furthermore, because the state had for so long assumed that a husband had a right to his wife?s body, many wives had accepted and essay styles adapted to the situation. For a woman to see her husband as a rapist and to continue to live with him is my rights often too difficult. Many are too dependent on essay their husbands for economic, social, and psychological reasons to leave. Essay For Canadian Kay L. One solution for these women is not to see forcible intercourse as rape. Another more common adaptation is to give up the right to say no, to be always sexually available, regardless of her wishes (Rusell 1975, p.71). Women?s poor economic and social status had allowed for essay formatting styles their continued use as sexual objects. The law reflected this.

It is a truism to state that Canada is a patriarchal society. There are reasons why this is so easily said, and the law prior to 1983 is one of them. However, the law did change. With bill c-127 (1983) the essay writing law expanded to include spousal sexual assaults as part of its jurisdiction (Boritch, pp.234-235). Possibly because of this and reforms to the rules of evidence, the number of formatting styles, reported sexual assaults rose dramatically.

However, while half of all women in Canada will be the victims of sexual assault in their lives (Ontario Woman?s Directorate 2000) only sales 20, 6 percent of these women will report that assault to the authorities (Boritch 1997, p.213 and essay styles p.224). R. v. White (1-24 C.C.C. 3d,) is an my rights essay example of a crime that would not have been prosecuted prior to the 1983 reforms. R. v. Styles. White is a 1986 case, brought before the British Columbia Court of Appeal. The accused (White) was married to the victim, but they were estranged (Ibid., p.1).

The victim returned home one night to find the accused wearing surgical gloves and holding a pillow. She screamed, at which point he put the pillow over her face, and then covered her mouth with a bandage that wrapped around her head. He then beat her, threatened to murder her, and then after a long discussion, she went into abelard essay the bedroom, where she was raped (Ibid., p.1). Before I continue, I should add that the actions described were perfectly legal until very recently. The accused claimed that the discussion led him to essay styles believe that his wife had consented to statements for grad school sex. He stated that he believed that sex was an attempt at essay reconciliation. The issue at hand in writing personal statements school, R. Essay Styles. v. How Do You Define Ged Essay. White is whether his mistaken belief that his wife consented is a valid defense. While the formatting styles appeal of his conviction was dismissed, the abelard essay fact that it went to trial is significant. If he had engaged in the identical activity three years earlier, he would have committed no crime. The signal difference between the law as it stands today and the law is it stood prior to 1983, was the fact that wives are no longer considered to be the possession of their husbands.

Sexual assault by intimates including spouses comprises 38 percent of essay, all sexual assaults in Canada (Ontario Women?s Directorate). However, while 6 percent of the creative writing competitions school students total number of sexual assaults are reported to police, only 1 percent of essay formatting styles, these sexual assaults by abelard essay intimates are reported (Ibid.). Several reasons for this lack of reporting are provided in surveys. One major reason for not reporting sexual assaults by intimates is that the nature of the relationship may lead authorities to suspect that there really was consent. Styles. Furthermore, many women may not view a sexual assault by a husband or boyfriend as such. They may internalize the blame and essay say such things as, ?what did you think he wanted,? ?you drank with him didn't you,? or ?you should have expected something like this to essay formatting happen.?(Ibid.).

In a search through fifty editions of Canadian Criminal Cases, I found only one case of spousal rape that was prosecuted. The vast majority of sexual assault prosecutions continue to be for assaults by strangers, on young women. Prior rape and personal sexual assault laws sought to protect the chastity of the same class of essay formatting, young women from sexual predator. The purpose was to defend men?s property. A look at which rapes are prosecuted shows that this is still the sales case. Sexual assault law has existed since the formatting styles time of Plato. The point of that law, and nearly every law that succeeded it was, in essay kay l, the case of women, not to essay formatting styles protect them as victims, but to my rights protect their husbands, brothers, or fathers as guardians. Sexual assault law developed slowly through the mediaeval period, and followed the development of marriage and spousal property. While in the Roman Empire, a woman was a free citizen with the rights to dispose of her property, and enter into styles free contracts, in the mediaeval period, she was a possession to my rights and responsibilities be transferred for a price from formatting styles father to husband.

The mediaeval period saw the development of the principle of a ?sexual right? that comes into existence with the consummation of a marriage. This right was so absolute as to allow the authorities to order a former wife to submit to a weekly scheduled rape. As this law came to England it was formalized in the 1275 and 1285 Statutes of Westminster. These confirmed a husband?s right to have sex with his wife, whenever he chose. In 1800, these laws came to Canada. 20. For more than a century , the absolute and unbreakable sexual rights remained unchallenged. By the start of the formatting 20th century, they were slowly chipped away at. Creative Competitions For High School Students. A husband lost the absolute right to rape his wife even after they divorced. This right was confined to a marriage where ?ordinary relations? persisted. This law stood until 1983.

With bill c-127, the sexual assault laws were finally expanded to include violence within a marriage. However, regardless of the new law, few reports of spousal rapes are made. The reasons for this are numerous, but the most troubling is the belief by many wives, that what happened was not an formatting assault. It is not until this last problem of internalized blame is dealt with that two millennia of reforms can have any real deterrent value. Personal Statements For Grad. Bibliography Annonymous (2000). The Historical Development of the styles Offense of Rape. http:canadiancrimanallaw.com/articles/srticles/rape.htm.

Boritch, Helen. Fallen Women: Female Crime and Criminal Justice in Canada, ITP Nelson (Toronto: 1997). Brundage, James A. 20. Implied Consent to Intercourse pp. 245-256, Consent and Coercion to styles Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993). Cohen, David. Consent and Sexual Relations in Classical Athens pp. 5-16, Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993).

The Criminal Code and Other Selected Statutes of Canada, Edmond Cloutier (Ottawa: 1948). Garley, Kenneth David William. A Trust Betrayed: Sexual Assault in writing for high school students, Dating/Courtship Relations and essay formatting styles the Response of the Canadian Criminal Justice System. Simon Fraser University (Burnaby, B.C.:1989). Hall, Ruth and Selma James and Judit Kertesz, The Rapist Who Pays the Rent, Falling Wall Press (Bristol : 1984). Johnson, Ida M. and Robert Sigler, Forced Sexual Intercourse in how do ged essay, Intimate Relationships, Ashgate-Dartmouth (Aldershot:1997). Justinian (trans.) (circa 550) The Digest of Roman Law: Theft, Rapine, Dammage and Insult, C.F. Kolbert ed..Penguin Books (Middlesex, England: 1979) Ontario Women?s Directorate (2000). Sexual Assault Dispelling the Myths. http:www.womanabuseprevention.com/html/sexual_assault.html. R. v. White (1986), Canadian Criminal Cases, 1-24 C.C.C. (3d) Russell, Diana E.H., The Politics of Rape:The Victim?s Perspective, Stein and Day Publishers (New York: 1975).

Treemar?s 1980 Criminal Code and formatting Miscellaneous Statutes, The Carswell Company ltd. And Responsibilities Essay. (Toronto: 1980). Wemple, Suzanne F. Essay. Consent and Dissent to Sexual Intercourse in Germanic Societies from the abelard essay Fifth to the Tenth Century pp. 227-244, Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993). Feminist Crim. When the words ?women? and ?crime? are spoken, the styles first two words to come to many minds are ?sexual assault?. According to most statistics, more than half of all women in Canada will be the victims of sexual assault in their lives (Ontario Woman?s Directorate 2000). And Responsibilities Essay. In some segments of the population that number rises to styles 83 percent (Ibid.). Essay For Canadian Students Stewart Kay L. While these numbers are high, the numbers of convictions for sexual assault are not.

According to information presented by Helen Boritch, 10 percent of women can expect to be sexually assaulted in any given year, while only 6 percent of these women will report that assault to the authorities (Boritch 1997, p.213 and p.224) . There is a very large discrepency of numbers. The vast majority of sexual assaults go unreported. The vast majority of sexual assaults are committed by someone the victim knows (Ibid. pp.212-213). Perhaps the reason that so many sexual assaults go unreported is because of this overriding fact (Ontario Woman?s Directorate). Sexual assault within families was until recently legal in Canada.

The thinking went as such: The husband cannot be guilty of rape committed by himself upon his lawful wife, for formatting styles by their mutual matrimonial consent and contract the wife hath given up herself in this kind unto her husband which she cannot retract (Hall, James and Kertesz 1984, p.20). The authorities believed that common law provided for the lawful rape of a wife by how do her husband. While this is a patently false proposition, by the 18th century, it had become the official line (Ibid. p.xvi). I didn?t feel that I had been raped. I felt more that I was stupid because I went out with a white fraternity guy. ..so I blamed myself for going out with him. Also I didn?t think of it as rape because I knew him and because I consented to go. At the essay formatting styles time I thought rape was a man coming out of the bushes and attacking you, so somebody you knew couldn?t rape you (Russell 1975, p.134). How Do. For a woman to see her husband as a rapist and to continue to live with him is often too difficult. Many are too dependent on their husbands for economic, social, and psychological reasons to leave. One solution for these women is not to see forcible intercourse as rape. Another more common adaptation is to give up the right to essay say no, to be always sexually available, regardless of abelard essay, her wishes (Rusell 1975, p.71).

Crim (Deviancy) : Is there a point in my life when I considered myself to essay be deviant, or others considered me to be deviant? If so, how was the situation resolved? People are always telling me that I am ?weird?. I disagree with them. I believe that I am one of the least deviant people I know. I am very old fashioned though, so maybe that?s why I get the weird label. Nevertheless, there are few times in my life when I consider myself to be a ?deviant?. My self-concept appears to writing school follow a dialectical pattern. I consider myself to be part of formatting styles, a group, and identify with that group and students stewart its values. I increasingly find myself uncomfortable with some of the things which that group does or talks about.

At some point an incident occurs, and I become isolated from the group. I then identify with a new group, and the process starts over. Essay Formatting. In other words, my membership in the first group can be considered a thesis. The thesis consists of that group?s world-view, which I share in. Abelard Essay. The crisis is the antithesis, it is the stage at which the cognitive dissonance that occurred within the thesis comes out into the open. Finally the new group is the synthesis.

In the synthesis, the formatting world-view that I held in the thesis group is largely gone, as are the troubles of the antithesis. The most memorable dialectical shift in my life occurred in essay, 1990-1991. In 1990, I was part of the dominant white clique at my junior high school, in suburban Richmond. While everyone had got along in elementary school, we all divided along racial lines when we got to high school. The Chinese kids all went and spent time together, and even the Chinese kids that could not speak Chinese, went. The East-Indian kids did as the essay styles Chinese did, and how do success the white kids followed suit. There was not anything malicious about any of it. Well, that is not entirely true.

Much of our time in essay styles, the white group was spent making fun of writing for canadian stewart kay l, kids in the East Indian and Chinese groups. However, we were not entirely racist, all the black kids in essay formatting, our school were part of our group. Our group had their own ?territory?, drama and the arts were ours, as well as physical education, while we gave the ged essay East-Indian kids shop class, and the Chinese kids, computer science. The rest of the classes were required, so we could not split them up as easily, though we did manage some how. By 1990, I was firmly ensconced in this group. I had few complaints about it, I am quite good at making fun of people, so I was a valuable asset to essay styles the collective. In the summer of 1990, an incident happened which upset my place within the group. On July 11th of that year, a group of armed Mohawks got into a shooting war with the Quebec provincial police.

My group hated French immersion kids, so it seemed obvious to me which side we would come down on. I did not worry. Much to my surprise, the for canadian stewart general attitude among the white kids was that the government should send in tanks, and get rid of the ?Indians?. It had not occurred to me until that point that I am half-?Indian?. My family came down firmly on the side of the Mohawks. Most of my male cousins who were old enough went off to join one blockade or another, and at least one got himself sent to prison for his troubles. Formatting. We went out to the reserve more often. Writing Students. Previously we had gone there for the winter ceremonies, or for birthday parties. This time we were going out there to ?plan things?. Essay Formatting Styles. Back at home amongst my friends, I found myself increasingly isolated. I got into more and more fights, both verbal and physical.

People that had been part of my group ? though not friends per se, walked past me like they did not know me. I started spending time with the creative competitions school black kids and the girls, and while they were not as overtly racist as the white boys, they were still racist. Essay Styles. Young boys tend not to hide things, while young girls ? at least in that group- seem to believe that in order to be ?nice? it is their duty to hide their opinions. By the end of the essay writing for canadian students kay l summer I found myself completely shut out of the formatting styles white group. I was the one of only two native kids at personal statements for grad my school, so there was no chance of joining the native clique. The other native kid had lighter skin, so he began to pretend that he was Italian. I would say that ?I can?t blame him? but in reality I hated him and consider him to be a two-faced traitor. I spent more time on the reserve and with my younger cousins. With them, all the anger that had developed from being isolated could be vented destructively. It was o.k. in that group to hate the police and the government.

It was o.k. to styles through rocks at police cars and buildings as well as other things that can not be mentioned here. In fact, not only was it o.k. amongst the new clique, but it was accepted and approved of by the adults around us. The point at which I switched allegiances entirely from white society to native society was at creative competitions for high school students a family barbecue. The barbecue was at essay an uncle?s house. He was on abelard essay the white side of my family. Everyone at the barbecue was white but me. Most of them were family, though there were a few family friends there. My parents stayed at essay styles home. For High. That day happened to be the same day that the army advanced on native positions around Montreal.

Raw footage of the attack was broadcast on live television. I was glued to the news, and was very upset. I asked everyone else to come see what was happening. Because they were family I assumed that they would take my side. The group became very upset too, but at the natives.

One of my uncles friends went on a rant and started saying that all those ?Indians? want out of the essay formatting crisis is money to buy liquor. That is amongst the more polite things that he said. I noticed that several of writing for canadian students, my aunts and uncles agreed with him. My grandparents refused to say a word in my defense. When I did open my mouth to yell at him and give him the usual ?shpeel? about oppression et. al., I was hushed up. I got up, and left. I walked home from there and told my parents. My father (he is formatting very white) got into a loud argument over the phone with my uncle and my grandparents.

My mother yelled at me for going to the barbecue in the first place. It was after the barbecue that I decided that I would completely abandon ?white? culture in favor of native (Salish) culture, and religion. In a pique of essay, melodrama I went to the living room and threw my bible and little plastic Canadian flag into the fireplace. I have since changed since then, I know have a European wife, and white friends, and while I am no Christian, I certainly would not burn a perfectly good bible today. However, I still align myself with the native cause, and have abandoned any pretenses of Canadian citizenship. Formatting Styles. It is difficult to understand which theory of deviancy applied to me in that situation. Perhaps demonology applied to me, I did become a heathen, though that was after the fact (Gomme, p.41). If I was not possessed by the dark forces of the ?fallen one?, maybe I was the product of my environment (Ibid., p.43). However, my environment was a townhouse complex which was at least one quarter Jewish, and was smack in the center of suburban Vancouver. If environment played any role in my formation, I would have joined the Lion?s Club, or become a Freemason.

Two theories of deviance hold the most possibility for explaining my situation. The first is containment theory. Containment theory is the theory of inner and outer forces pushing and pulling someone toward deviance (Ibid., p.81). Gomme writes that: Social forces that push and pull people toward deviant behavior include?membership in an ethnic minority, restricted access to legitimate opportunities (Gomme, p.81). These external social forces included my peers and my extended family. Statements. On the essay formatting styles one hand, the white side of family, and my white friends ostracized me, and openly attacked me, while on how do you define success ged essay the other hand, the native part of my family, allowed me to vent my frustrations, and provided friends, and a ready target for teenage anger. Essay Styles. I would also consider that my access to my rights and responsibilities essay ?legitimate opportunities? was hampered by the activities of the formatting styles whites around me. Success Ged Essay. By ostracizing me, and making school unpleasant, the whites prevented me from achieving the scholastic success that was due. They also prevented me from pursuing the social relationships that I had established over four or more years. This legitimate frustration sought me to seek success in the native community and to attempt to form social bonds with natives.

Internal forces that constrain an individual from deviancy include, ?a positive self-concept, a strong ego, an intense sense of personal responsibility, and a high frustration threshold? (Gomme, p.81). I know for a fact that I had none of these qualities. More often than not, a poor self-concept, and weak ego, led me to follow the crowd, and go along with whatever the group told me to do. As for personal responsibility and the ability to be frustrated, I was suspect that I was an average teenager, and therefore, both of these things were absent. Containment theory appears to be a perfect fit. I was pushed into deviancy by styles the people around me. There are other theories that may be a better fit.

I will discount social control theory, because of its reliance on the concept of deterrence (Ibid., p.89). I do not believe that there was either a general or a specific deterrence factor to being native. Up until 1990, being native was an curiosity, like being double jointed; it could be trotted out at parties to impress and entertain people. At that time, there was almost an incentive to be exotic. Incentive does not apply in my case though. Labeling theory has some interesting possibilities. The Oka crisis was an act of primary deviance (Gomme, p.100). If the Canadian State was to statements defend a burial ground in ? say, France ? from conversion into a golf course, it would be considered to be legitimate. Formatting. However, because the Mohawks lacked many of the legitimate venues that a Country would have in lobbying another on the international stage, they were forced into abelard essay an act of violence ? a blockade. Afterwards they were attacked, and used force to defend themselves ? something that any country would do. However because the styles Mohawk country is not recognized, what they did was considered to sales 20 be an act of terrorism, and they were punished for it in those terms.

As for me, the primary act of deviance was defending the styles Mohawks in the Oka crisis. While the majority of my peers were attacking the Mohawks, I came to their defense. My first act of defense was primary deviance because it was isolated, and did not result in job resume 20, ?continuous negative social reaction? (Ibid.). Because I did not consider that act of primary deviance to be deviant, I would not be self-identified as a deviant. Gomme writes about what happened next: The application of derogatory labels and the severing of connections to conventional sphere intensify the construction of a deviant identity by styles forcing the devalued person to seek out others in similar situations who can provide more favorable reflections of the self. (Gomme, p.101). Job Resume 20. This description matches my situation to a tee. I was labeled as an ?Indian? (trust me, as a native, that is an insult), and my social connections were severed.

I sought out new social situations in which I would be accepted and my anger approved of. As I wrote at the start of essay, this paper, I do not consider myself to essay writing students be a deviant ? in any sense of the term. Labeling theory requires that I identify with my deviance. I do not, and did not. My main goal in life is to modernize native society, and help guide it toward independence.

If I accepted native society as it is, I suppose that I could be considered deviant in formatting, the labeling theory sense. However, my allegiance to native society, is a biological one, that recognizes my membership in my rights and responsibilities, it as a fact of biology. My formal association with native life began because I was pushed into it. When that force was removed I formed new friendships with whites. It is because of this that I suspect that the best explanation for my period of formatting, deviance is contained in essay students stewart kay l, containment theory. I would draw a comparison between my situation and that of people described in ?Normalcy and Visibility?.

While I am not often mistaken as Anglo-Saxon white, I do have a passing resemblance to a straight-haired version of a Jewish stereotype; I have also passed as Catalonian, Mexican, and Greek. People do not know that I am native until I tell them; I am racially ambiguous. The article gives one major relevant factor to living with an invisible disability. The first was that people had the option of maintaining a ?semblance of normalcy? (Thorne 1993, p.9). I my case, I have the option of passing as white. Styles. This is disturbingly important in this country. For example , until recently I worked in a West Side grocery store. This store had an up market clientele. Among the items the store sold were bags and cards with native designs on them. After a while began to notice that in spite of how do you define ged essay, this native friendly image that the store had, even middle-class natives could not enter the store without being considered to be a shoplifter by the management. My co-workers also occasionally told stories in which natives were attacked or demeaned.

If I were to essay formatting styles reveal my identity, I would face being excluded from these conversations. If I was excluded from these conversations, I would face being excluded from their social circle in general, and any future options for advancement that arise from sales 20 being a part of the ?in? group. I decided to essay styles keep my mouth shut, and get a raise instead. If I was visibly more native that option would not have been open to me. Deviance in my case is not really deviance on my part. When I did have a spell of deviant activity, it was caused by external forces. When those external forces were removed, the deviancy ended. This deviancy is in some ways voluntary, because I can hide it. However, I do not believe that by engaging in a profound act of self-denial can be a reasonable choice, so the voluntary choice is and responsibilities essay somewhat less real. I have found many other people in similar situations. There are quite a few natives that can pass in essay formatting styles, white society, and do so, however, they maintain a true allegiance to their nation.

I have found this common thread among many other natives: they had a lot more white friends, until opinions hardened against our peoples. While we hold the same western liberal views that we have always had, we no longer see Canada, or our white liberal peers, as friends but enemies, and dangerous ones at that; and it is not something that we chose. Bibliography Gomme, Ian. The Shadow Line: Deviance and Crime in essay for canadian stewart kay l, Canada, Harcourt Brace Jovonovich (Tornto: 1993). Thorne, S.E. (1993).

Normalcy and Visibility. Essay Formatting Styles. In Social Explanations of Criminal and Deviant Behaviour, Brian Burtch Ed., Simon Fraser University (Burnaby, B.C.: 2000). Crim 135: Essay 2 The major argument in favour of curtailing judicial independence and prosecutorial discretion is that the justice system needs to be more accountable, more consistent, and more predictable. Each of these counts against the justice system is writing statements school based on the mistaken assumption that the justice system needs to essay formatting styles be a rational and efficient corporate body. That is to say, that the justice system must act as a single entity with the rasion d?etre of fighting, controlling, and deterring crime. Writing Statements School. The advocates of legal straightjackets have failed to prove their prima facie case. The justice system has no need to be a single solid structure with automated systems of judges, lawyers and parole officers. In the strictly constructed systems of essay styles, our less-democratic cousins, lawyers, judges and their ilk serve only to diagnose the criminal for writing the sole purpose of placing them in a category of offender, prisoner, and parolee.

The primary fault of the essay formatting argument in creative writing competitions for high, favour of judicial and prosecutorial constraints is that it carries in itself the tacit assumption of guilt. By merely categorizing a citizen as an offender under the criminal code, the most authoritarian and unaccountable element of the justice system, the police, has effectively acted as judge jury and executioner. Styles. The citizen, who becomes labeled as an offender under the criminal code is shunted off to a holding cell, where, another police official determines if they are to be released. This police official would, at this stage in the current system use subjective criteria to determine if the offender was a significant risk and you define success should be released; in a constrained system, the essay styles crime would determine the writing personal for grad availability of release automatically. In the constrained system, the belligerent, and formatting indigent, flasher would go free; while the tenured professor whose failing student wrongfully accused him of rape would be sent before a judge. Upon reaching the essay kay l judge, the charges wold determine the essay formatting bail-after all, consistency is the modus vivendi of the constrained system.

Griffiths and Verdun-Jones note that those people that have been denied bail and appear at their trial in state custody are more likely to be found guilty, and, when found so, they are more likely than other convicted citizens to receive a harsh sentence. Beside the clear difficulty encountered by imprisoned people in mounting a defense against the state's accusations, there is a secondary problem of facing a jury of their peers while in custody. To the essay average citizen, the appearance of one of their wayward neighbours in chains is likely to prejudice them against him or her. In a future system of 'consistent' justice it is likely that those offences where the styles punishment is most severe, the indictable offences, that the abelard essay citizen is likely to be held in custody; and, it is those same indictable offences, to be tried before a jury, where the accussed's status as a prisoner is styles most likely to be held against them. Writing For High School Students. While the accussed's status as a prisoner is not a de jure proclamation of their guilt, to the average citizen of a western liberal democracy, the presence of some person that has been forcibly removed from essay society is a de facto statement that they are dangerous. In the model state of consistency that certain legal reformers foresee, the police, the justices, prosecutors, and judges would 'apply' the law according to a strict set of rules. The state's agents will act with no prejudice, no leeway, no derogation and no derivation and no mercy. Abelard Essay. The police would presumably lay every applicable charge against formatting, every accused person that is brought to their attention. Not only would a person be brought to abelard essay justice for forcible rape, but also for equally abhorrent crimes such as assault and battery, littering, loitering in styles, a public park, attempted murder, reckless endangerment, unlawful confinement, jaywalking, speeding, creating a disturbance, resisting arrest, and any other possible offence related to the crime and writing personal statements the flight from justice.

Griffiths and Verdun-Jones have noted that in the recently more open atmosphere of plea-bargaining, police have become more consistent appliers of each and essay styles every conceivable law. Not only has a person been charged with one crime, but also of every other alternative charge available. In the process of plea bargaining, a great deal of trust is needed between the defense counsel and the crown. This trust often resembles collusion. In the process of plea bargaining the multiple -though mutually exclusive- charges against an offender are often reduced to a single charge in exchange for creative competitions for high school a guilty plea and reciprocal sentencing recommendation. In reality, the accused are bargaining away irrelevant charges for the single charge that they would have faced anyway, in short, the accused gains nothing from a system of bargaining based on consistent policing. There is, however, nothing consistent about plea-bargaining. Formatting. Plea-bargaining is at the heart of success, prosecutorial discretion. Prosecutorial discretion would go the way of inconsistent policing and it would be abolished. Consistency in prosecution requires that each and essay every accused be treated identically.

In order for each accused to be seen to be treated identically, they must have each and every charge dealt with in an open court of statements school, record. Inconsistency is not a problem with the essay formatting police, prosecutors, or parole board members. Inconsistency is what enables the job resume 20 police, prosecutors, and parole board members to consider the human factor of the crime. I f police were to 'throw the styles book' at every criminal, the system what bog down with minor crimes. Furthermore, while some acts may technically be crimes, they may not have been enforced in twenty or thirty years. Writing For Canadian Students. A possible problem of formatting, inconsistency is with judges. Sentencing may vary across the country - though there is very little evidence to say if it does or does not. There are sentencing guidelines, but there are no uniform statistics on sentencing which would allow the you define public to determine if these sentencing guidelines are being followed. When sentencing is brought to the public's attention, it is only in the most extreme cases where a particularly lenient sentence has been given out. Therefore the best solution for inconsistent sentencing is to produce and publish uniform statistics on sentencing in order to determine of sentencing guidelines are being followed. Any other reform of the judicial sentencing process before these statistics were produced and before their impact was observed on the judicial branch would be premature.

It is possible that many judges that have handed out lenient or severe sentences did not realize that they were significantly out of line with the Canadian mainstream. Conclusion Discretion is not a problem, perception is. The police need discretion in order to enforce laws commensurate with the changes in community values. Police also need the formatting ability to essay exercise their discretion in order to enforce laws as they are best able to do and to not get swamped with petty crimes, while resources are needed to deal with serious offences. Essay Formatting Styles. Prosecutors need the ability to exercise discretion in order to plea bargain. Without the ability to plea bargain, prosecutors may find that they send far too much time prosecuting ancillary legal offences while the main crime is not given their full attention.

The only reform necessary, is not technically a reform, but is instead a fine-tuning of the current system to allow it to function better, and that is the creative school students production and essay formatting styles publication of uniform statistics on sentencing. Communications 131 Review: Neil Postman?s Amusing Ourselves to abelard essay Death Robert Jago 200015294 Neil Postman's Amusing Ourselves to essay styles Death focuses on the change from what he calls a 'typographic' society to a televisual society. This change involves the decline of essay writing for canadian students, rational, linear thought which is based on the book, to disjointed, a-historical, and non-inferential thought which is based on the standards of formatting, television. Abelard Essay. Postman's prima facie argument is that the medium of communications affects forms of thought. His first argument is formatting based entirely on conjecture (though later in the book Postman does cite a study by Gavriel Solomon, p.152 footnote 4). Postman argues that television and its predecessors (the telegraph, the writing personal for grad photograph) changed people's modes of thought through operant conditioning. Television and electronic communications in formatting, general force people to understand only the immediate and to forget the past. And Responsibilities. Several of Postman's axioms are questionable, and his data is open to competing interpretations. Most importantly, Postman's study of the electronic society focused on styles it in an immature stage of development. Job Resume Sales. Modern electronic culture is quite different from the one that Postman studied. Neil Postman's stated purpose for formatting his book is to, show that a great media-metaphor shift has taken place in my rights essay, America, with the essay formatting styles result that the how do content of much of essay formatting styles, our public discourse has become dangerous nonsense(p.16).

To that end, his book opens with a glimpse at the United States of the early nineteen-eighties and an explanation of his use of the word metaphor. For Postman the media metaphor is creative for high students a metaphor that draws analogies between aspects of the media and aspects of society. Styles. Postman states that in the literate age, metaphors abounded. Alice in wonderland, became a metaphor for a person wandering in 'a world of semantic nonsense' and trying to make sense out of it; Athens became a metaphor for intellectual excellence and so on. In the twentieth century, the printed word added very little in terms of metaphor. Personal Statements. Terms such as Orwellian, thought police, but very little else transferred over from the printed page into essay formatting styles middle class speech. The metaphor of the later twentieth century was to be dictated by television. Writing Statements. Modes of thought mimicked television production standards.

Postman charts the transition from the essay styles typographic mind, through the 'peek - a - boo' world and into the 'now. this' world of television. The larger scale of the medium metaphor is what Postman refers to as resonance. Postman states that resonance is metaphor writ large. What Postman appears to mean here is that resonance is the abelard essay stuff of myths, when social customs and norms, and idiosyncrasies become confused with nature. Just as one is seen as peculiar to question the effects of the construction of mountains, one is seen as equally peculiar to question such social constructs as [Noam Chomsky notwithstanding] contemporary English word usage and grammar.

After first explaining his proposition on how the dominant medium of communications affects forms of thought, Postman uses the remainder of the first part of his book to describe decline of the printed word in America. He begins with describing 'typographic' America at essay its peak. Postman describes a country -though not a nation- where the ability to read was nearly universal among men, and, where foreign reading materials were abundant (P. 34). The way in which he describes the empowerment that the average person may have felt is interesting for my third argument [that Postman contrasted typographic America with the wrong era of the creative writing competitions school students electronic age].

By 1772, Jacob Duche could write: 'The poorest labourer upon the shore of the Delaware thinks himself entitled to deliver his sentiment in matters of religion or politics with as much freedom as the essay gentleman or scholar. ' (P. 33) The printing press dominated the statements for grad school minds of typographic Americans. Their modes of thought mirrored the construction of books and pamphlets. Books were linear, impersonal, rational, and historical. The written word was never read 'live'. People's minds functioned in these same ways. People were rational and thought historically and therefore linearly. Public discourse in typographic America was fundamentally rational and intelligent. Formatting. Advertising and politics were based on reasoned argument [for the most part]. According to Postman, the change in public discourse occurred because of the essay writing kay l change in the media available to the public.

The first major change that Postman notes is the formatting styles invention of the telegraph. While it is interesting to note that the industrial revolution, and the rise of the urban centres occurred at roughly the same time as the invention of the telegraph, it is the you define success later event that most effected the essay way that people think and behave. Following the telegraph came the photograph. The telegraph changed the meaning of intelligence and information. In preliterate days, intelligence was synonymous with memory. In the typographic age, intelligence became synonymous with rationality. With the electronic age heralded in by the telegraph, intelligence became the ability to sift through large amounts of data. News in typographic society consisted of useful facts and information. Postman describes a type of apathy ratio, what he calls an 'information-action ratio' (P.69).

In typographic America, efficacy as seen through individual responses to 'news' was significantly higher than it is in modern televisual America. The telegraph made trivia in place of news. Surely people in Finland could finally know the day to day events that occurred in Lorado Texas, but, why would they want to? According to Postman, the telegraph made the United States one nation [this was also coincident with the Civil War and the United States' great era of wars of conquest]. The telegraph allowed people on the Pacific and the Atlantic shores to know the my rights and responsibilities minutiae of each others every day lives. While the telegraph trivialized the public space with useless information and 'factoids' the photograph came along to act as a magnifying glass for these details. The photograph increased the impact of the proliferating factoids, by giving them a face and a presence greater than a thousand words. By the time the photograph and the telegraph had become ascendant, the public discourse had irrevocably changed. Advertising became irrelevant, irrational, and the first slogans were developed [following shortly after such election slogans 'fifty-four forty or fight' or 'Tippacannoe and Tyler too' or the Democratic Party's anti-Republican song 'Nigger Doodle Dandy'].The era of the photograph and the telegraph are what Postman calls 'the peek-a-boo world'. Part two of the book focuses on the particular ills of the essay formatting televisual age.

The greatest ill, and one that Neil Postman had focused on in the past, is the decline in education in job resume, favour of entertainment. A prime example for Postman is 'The Voyage of the Mimi' series. This series is a study that involves a great deal of time on behalf of children in essay formatting styles, order to study whales and navigation among other things. None of these things are relevant to education in essay writing for canadian students stewart, any traditional sense of the word. Postman's analysis of that particular series is that it is an example of the formatting education changing in order to how do you define ged essay meet the needs of television. While there are more books in print in the television age, they do not have the impact of their fewer but more serious predecessors.

As was the case with the Voyage of the Mimi series, books seem to have become 'audio-visual aids'. Books have lost their seriousness. Books in the modern context no longer command the attention that they once did. The printed word in the modern context is a visual aid, it celebrates the dominant medium and is constructed around television's conventions. Formatting Styles. For example, a glance at any of the Fin de Siecle 'best 100 [or 1'000 et al.] lists that currently proliferate, would show what books are considered to be of substance to this society. In the Globe and Mail's list of the best history books are, a picture book, Atlas of World History, and ESPN Sport Century.

Among the best seller lists are a book of lists, a book by writing personal statements for grad a television writer, a book by formatting a faded hockey star, a book by a movie writer, a book of trivia. Abelard Essay. While there are more books in print today than ever before, it is likely that they are to formatting be gems such as ESPN Sport Century, as opposed to Walden or the Native Son. Postman concludes his book by analyzing this 'dangerous' lack of substance brought on personal by the conventions of the television age. Postman uses two of major metaphors of the decline of western society. the first is the Orwellian. Today the totalitarian state is confined to essay formatting only a few fourth rate and declining states such as Myanmar and Belarus and so its position as primary threat to job resume Western Liberty has given way. In the place of the essay formatting styles Orwellian thought police and big brother is Aldous Huxley's 'Brave New World'. The brave new world of Postman's interpretation is one where television has taken the my rights and responsibilities essay place of Huxley's 'Soma' [an ecstacy like drug]. People have forsaken their liberty and democracy in favour of simple and constant pleasures. Postman concludes that television has created a Brave New World where the statescraftsmen are given free hand by a public more interested in their leader's private affairs than their economic policies. This new world where seriousness is mocked, and where depth of imagination, and attention span have gone into steep decline is essay formatting styles one that has put democracy and freedom in grave danger.

Postman proposes that the solution to the current state of affairs is to inoculate the abelard essay populous through education. People would be educated to understand the television epistemology, and to not just become media savvy, but to become aware of the myths that surround the styles dominant medium. The current dominant medium in the United States and Canada is television. Other media, such as radio, and writing print are complementary to television and have very little independent sway over societal mores. Postman's analysis could only take into account society up to the mid 1980's. That society lacked the essay formatting styles internet, and such venues as digital cable and and responsibilities inexpensive satellite dishes. Postman derides libertarians for attacking government censorship but failing to take on the oligarchy of the styles big-three networks. In his discussion of the typographic age, Postman describes the empowerment of the common man by his ability to converse and understand every subject of importance.

Postman takes especial note of Benjamin Franklin's views on the importance of the pamphlet. Each of these points noted by Postman can lead to a different final conclusion if extrapolated into the internet age. To begin with, the modern era of between seventy and five-hundred television channels should have been easily foreseen by Postman. He noted the lack of attention by the general public, and how that brief attention span was created by television. The television of Postman's study was, by current standards, conservative, and for lack of a better word, 'deep'. The oligarchy of the three networks is gone, replaced by a constellation of specialty television networks [though production is personal for grad now owned by a few industrial concerns].

Attention spans are even briefer, and every whim under the sun can be served by its own television network. Contrary to Postman's original argument that the product of a populace obsessed by entertainment is political apathy, entertainment can create political involvement. While Postman described the efficacy felt by the people of the typographic age, he failed to note that part of the efficacy was inspired by such public proceedings as the public hanging. Postman failed to realize that a public raised on scripted spectacle, would be enraptured by essay formatting styles live reality. In a world of instant communications, there is 20 enough live spectacle to keep every audience entertained. This entertainment can be translated into efficacy through such means as instant television poll, something that Postman only briefly touched on. Postman's description of the transition from formatting styles literate to televised worlds and the coincident transformation of society from literate and personal statements rational to essay formatting base and excitable is not entirely accurate. He fails to take into consideration other factors such as the second industrial revolution and the expansion of liberty within countries which may explain the general decline in the public discourse.

Postman places the blame for the decline in abelard essay, rationality solely on essay formatting styles the dominant medium of communications. Abelard Essay. Furthermore, Postman writes that people have lost the sense of efficacy vis a vis the state. Formatting Styles. While people may be voting less, they may be participating more. Protest groups, lobby groups, special interest groups, petitions, and the like have proliferated in for canadian students stewart kay l, post-industrial society. People may have transferred their trust from the state to the epistemic community and essay they may have done this because of a new involving medium.

Bibliography Postman, Neil, Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in essay, the Age of Show Buisness, Penguin Books (Toronto: 1986).

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The best word to describe America is diversity perfect example of diversity is the U.S. Job Resume 20. just recently electing the essay, first African-American president ever. America, moving from. Respect Being responsible for what you do will earn you the respect you deserve, also doing what is school, right and not running your mouth demonstrate a lot of respect , “Being brilliant is no great feat if you respect nothing”. (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) Every military in essay formatting this world has some sort. Respect Respect is to show regard or consideration towards someone or something. It can be defined as a positive feeling of appreciation towards a person or thing. Respect expresses the regard and consideration shown by essay writing stewart kay l an individual towards others. Respect cannot be demanded, it is an asset that has. Respect plays a roll in our every day lives. When we go to school, there's respect . When we go to a restaurant, there's respect . When you go to your family reunion, there is essay formatting styles, respect . You may not notice it, but that's only because they are being respectful to you .If your not respectful then you will. CRJ 305 Devry-ASHFORD-Phoenix-Strayer. center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in your online course.

Your initial post must be a minimum of 250 words in kay l length. Targeting of Crime Prevention Programs. Our course text addresses targeting crime prevention programs towards individuals (Chapter. ESSAY#1 INSTRUCTIONS General instructions: --The paper should be double-spaced, 1000 words long or longer (but not too much longer; quality, not quantity!). --Follow the Blackboard internal “Dropbox” instructions for how to essay formatting submit your paper within Blackboard (which then gets shuttled automatically. However, when expressed on a per-unit basis, fixed costs would decline with an increase in activity. Essay Writing Students Stewart Kay L. Variable Cost Units Total Variable Cost 0 1000 5000 Units 0 100 500 Total Fixed Cost 5000 5000 5000 Cost per unit ? 50 10 Costs Costs 0 100 500 Cost per styles unit . The reason for this 1000 word RBI is to abelard essay show the importance of obeying orders and regulations when given to you by an Non Commissioned Officers. When given a order by a Non Commissioned Officer it is to be presumed it is a lawful order.

If it is not that is the only time you may refuse to do that order. Some people would appreciate having a little bit of respect from others, and some should make efforts to show some more respect . Unfortunately, this does not happen all the time. Essay Styles. Maybe this is writing, because respect is styles, not clearly understood. What is how do success ged essay, respect ? The dictionary defines it as an essay styles, act of giving particular. had so far contain information that is helpful to you to help explain and justify your strategy. Writing Competitions School Students. ** Word counts are approximate and a guide only formatting Issue Overview and sales 20 Situation Analysis ( 1000 words ) ? Business scope Background about formatting styles, your company/product/brand ? Remote environment This includes. Respect and Integrity in the Military.

Respect and integrity, what really do those mean? I could look up those words in essay writing for canadian stewart kay l the Oxford English Dictionary or Websters, or Dictionary.com and give a scientific, perscise and exact answer to these words . And while that tells you what they mean, does that really give their meaning. Well by Dictionary. center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in your online course. Your initial post must be a minimum of 250 words in length. Formatting. Targeting of Crime Prevention Programs. Our course text addresses targeting crime prevention programs towards individuals (Chapter. center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in writing students kay l your online course.

Your initial post must be a minimum of 250 words in length. Targeting of Crime Prevention Programs. Formatting. Our course text addresses targeting crime prevention programs towards individuals (Chapter. Respect , respect , respect , that's what my father always said to me. Growing up in a typical Chinese family, I have learnt the importance of Respect , whether it is towards your grandparents, friends or your teachers. Although most of them are just simple things, it really shows your respect towards others.

center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in my rights and responsibilities your online course. Your initial post must be a minimum of 250 words in essay length. Writing School. Targeting of Crime Prevention Programs. Our course text addresses targeting crime prevention programs towards individuals (Chapter. center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in essay formatting styles your online course.

Your initial post must be a minimum of 250 words in length. Targeting of Crime Prevention Programs. Our course text addresses targeting crime prevention programs towards individuals (Chapter. Respect Vs Disrespect By Osita Onyebuchi Respect vs. Disrespect Have you ever met someone who was rude to you and didn't hold you with much regard? How did you feel? Did you feel angry? What do you think respect is? How is respect earned? Respect is an essay students stewart kay l, important way of being kind and essay formatting styles good to other. Hinduism 1 Hinduism Axia College Hinduism 2 Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion.

It started with the Hindu people. The word Hindu comes from the Sabakrit word sindu, Meaning river. The Persians in the 5th century called the Hindus this because they were the people of the land of the Indus. the CTTLS before the DTTLS. and now back to Unit 8 in 1000 words . It is interesting that we use 1 spoken word for my rights and responsibilities which 6 written are needed. Essay Styles. David Crystal. SO how the essay for canadian students stewart, fuck are you supposed to essay styles answer this. in less than 200 spoken words . 1. Provide a short evaluative introduction to roles. The meaning of respect The quality I admire most in writing for canadian students stewart a person is respect . I believe to respect a person it means no matter what their beliefs are, or what decisions they decide to make, always show them courtesy and never be judgmental in formatting their.

center, located within the personal for grad school, Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar, in styles your online course. Your initial post must be a minimum of 250 words in length. My Rights Essay. Targeting of Crime Prevention Programs. Our course text addresses targeting crime prevention programs towards individuals (Chapter. Respect within the Military basically means treat others as you would want to be treated. It is one of the basic army values. What I have learned from essay formatting Sgt Taylor it is by far one of the most important values that we have.

Its a two way street meaning both of the individuals have to respect one another. Respect Respect . This term refers to the action of essay writing students considering someone’s feelings or opinions about styles, someone or something and how you treat them. My Rights And Responsibilities. Respect comes in many ways. It can come in formatting styles such a way as a shove or purposeful bump which is showing no respect at all. Or it can come as a glare or hard. Respect In three seperate dictionaries, respect is defined as a regard for how do you define success ged essay or appreciation of the styles, worth or value of someone or something. In my opinion, respect goes far beyond this definition. Respect is the cornerstone of the society in which we live.

Although many look at respect as. the presence of mold. Fix all water leaks as fast as you can. The least common place for mold to grow is in a room with a dehumidifier, so in other words to fight the battle on mold to job resume sales 20 keep a sanitary, clean barracks room get a dehumidifier or keep the a/c on. The third reason you should keep your.