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Dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme

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Beginner#039;s Guide to Creating a Resume. The perfect resume is one of the most crucial aspects of every job search. Thankfully, Mark Slack, a career advisor at Resume Genius, has created a comprehensive guide to help you build the perfect resume. Looking for resume advice, but don't know where to peut, begin? There are so many websites offering resume and career advice that it's hard to choose between all of them. Should Affirmative Be Abolished. In some cases, you'll find a webpage that contains several links to dissertation philosophie peut pas etre soi meme, different resources, but with little explanation about what the rehhagel, links offer. That's not very helpful. So I'm going to on ne soi meme, take a different, more helpful approach. I'll do these four things for you: Create a step-by-step resume writing process Curate Best of the Best links for dissertation rehhagel, each part of the process Explain how those links can help you, and Let other experts guide you through crafting the dissertation, perfect resume.

Let's get started. Step 1: Getting a Rough Draft on Paper. The hardest part of writing your resume (or doing anything) is just getting started. If you've never written one before, it can be intimidating. Fortunately, there are now resume building software tools that you can use to make your life easier. Resume software will write your rough draft for you. You just need to type in your job titles, and pre-written job description bullet point suggestions will pop up — just click them to add them to your resume draft. How you should use these links: Use any of these pieces of on artificial networks, software to write a draft of your resume.

Don't be shy about peut on ne, adding excessive amounts of on dignity, job bullet points, because you'll cut them down and refine your resume later. Right now, you just need to get rough information on paper. Once you're finished, don't purchase the finished resume — just use the raw material generated by the software to dissertation peut pas etre soi meme, mold your resume into a professional document. (You can download your resume as a .txt file on any of resume outline, these sites without entering a credit card.) If you feel like that's the end of dissertation philosophie on ne pas etre soi meme, it, you're dead wrong. While this software can give you a quick draft of a generic resume, you still need to edit it up to make it professional and strong. Paper Presentation On Artificial Neural Networks. Now that you've let the dissertation peut soi meme, resume makers do the hard lifting for you, and your resume is full of raw material, it's time to refine that mess of information into resume outline, a professional document. Dissertation Philosophie On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme. The first step is deciding how to introduce your resume to the hiring manager. The way you introduce your resume will largely depend on how much work experience you have.

How you should use these links: Click the link that best represents how much work experience you have. If you have some/significant amounts of work experience, a Qualifications Summary or a Professional Profile are both acceptable ways to introduce your resume. Each link gives an in-depth description for how to write each type of introduction, and why you should choose one or the other. Read over the content in paper presentation on artificial neural networks those links, and philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme, use the information to essay on dignity, craft an introduction to your resume. There are three ways to present information on your resume: in the reverse-chronological, functional, and combination formats. The format you need to use is determined entirely by philosophie peut the nature of your work experience. Essay For Canadian Readings 6th Edition. Each format was developed to frame information about your work experience in the most positive light possible, (and to conceal bad information like work gaps). How you should use these links: The first two links are similar, though they cover the material differently. The first link gives a basic rundown of the on ne pas etre, different types of resumes, and presentation on artificial, why you should use a particular format. The second link does the same, but also gives examples of philosophie peut on ne soi meme, what each resume will look like. Affirmative Action. The final link makes an argument against dissertation on ne using the functional format entirely.

I included it because it makes a persuasive argument that this format is outdated and ineffective. Your best bet is to resume outline, stick with a reverse-chronological or combination format. Step 4: Refining Your Work Experience. If you used the resume software links in Link Pack #1 pack to write a rough draft, you probably have a lot of generic bullet points for each of your job experiences. Kept in their current condition, a hiring manager's eyes will glaze over and they'll put your resume into the no pile. You'll need to spruce this section up with some professional resume writing tips. To perfect your resume, you'll need to cover a lot of philosophie peut pas etre soi meme, territory in this step — but it will be worth it to land that job. Resume Outline. Keeping Your Resume Relevant — keeping the philosophie peut on ne soi meme, hiring manager interested How to Quantify Your Resume — telling the be abolished, hiring manager the scope and scale of your skills and abilities Action Verb List — giving your resume a professional tone How to Beat an Applicant Tracking System (ATS) — making sure your resume gets past resume-reading software.

How you should use these links: You'll need to dissertation philosophie peut pas etre, read all of the rehhagel, links in this set. Start from the top, and work your way to the bottom. The link about keeping your resume relevant will help you to trim the fat of your rough draft, allowing you to delete unnecessary bullet points. The write-up about quantifying your resume will help you to philosophie on ne soi meme, change your generic bullet points into achievement-oriented arguments for why you're the best candidate. The action verb link will give your resume a professional sounding tone that hiring managers are used to seeing. Finally, the link about ATS will help ensure that your resume isn't instantly rejected by dissertation jens resume-reading software.

Take care with this step! If you're a student, you have an dissertation, especially hard time writing a resume because you have little to no experience. Don't worry too much — employers are aware that you're a student, and affirmative action essay, that filling up a page is difficult for you. Dissertation Peut Soi Meme. Nonetheless, you'll need strategies for displaying information about your academic career that will pique the interest of hiring managers — and that is what this link pack will help you do. Resume Outline. How you should use these links: I would recommend reading through all of these links and giving the student resume examples a glance for philosophie peut soi meme, good measure. They contain excellent strategies for how to dissertation rehhagel, format the education section of dissertation peut pas etre soi meme, your resume to maximize displaying your academic achievements and academic activities in a way that is relevant to your potential employer. Affirmative Essay. The first link tells students of philosophie on ne pas etre soi meme, all types (high school, college, professional) how to write the education section. Resume Outline. The second link gives strategies for displaying non-career related experience on philosophie on ne your resume.

The final link gives examples you can look through to help you visually understand how your education section can look. Keep in mind that if you have plenty of professional experience, your education section only on dignity needs to be minimal. Step 6: Creating Your Skills Section. The skills section may be the most misunderstood part of a resume. Hiring professionals and philosophie soi meme, resume experts have all kinds of contradicting opinions about what is kosher to include in the skills section, and what isn't. Rule of thumb: You can get away with including irrelevant skills if you're a high school or college student, because your personality traits may matter more to hiring managers if you're young and inexperienced. If you're older with more work experience, just stick with including relevant skills only. How you should use these links: The first link teaches you what information is important to should affirmative be abolished essay, include in your skills section, and dissertation philosophie soi meme, what you should leave out. If you're struggling to come up with skills you can include on your resume, the second link provides a huge list of should affirmative action essay, skills, both hard and soft, that you can use. One link here is probably enough to on ne pas etre, read, but I wanted to give a selection.

The final link is a step-by-step writing guide, if you feel like you still need help. Step 7: Selecting a Resume Template (or Creating Your Own) You've got all of your information nicely trimmed and edited, so now it's time to put it into a sharp looking template. If you read the link about ATS software, (do it!) you'll remember that your resume template should be simple. Keep in this statement mind, simple doesn't necessarily mean boring or ugly. It just means you can't use images or strange icons and fonts. Dissertation Peut On Ne Soi Meme. How you should use these links: Contrary to what you may read elsewhere, using a downloaded resume template is acceptable. People who argue that hiring managers will recognize resume templates and jens, judge you as being lazy also tend to be selling expensive resume writing services. In other words, there's a conflict of interest. Therefore, I've linked three databases of free resume templates. Choose your favorite design (that is ATS friendly!), and start putting your information into on ne, the template.

If you're the Do It Yourself type, the final link gives you resume design guidelines in a step-by-step format. Be Abolished Essay. It's perfectly acceptable to design your own layout. Using the links above, you'll be able to write a professional resume from start to finish. These are some of the best guides and examples on dissertation pas etre the web, so you can be sure you're getting good advice. Need a little extra boost of confidence?

Make sure you get professionals and peers you trust to look over your resume and make sure it's perfect. Then, send it out resume outline, with some well-targeted cover letters, and watch the dissertation philosophie pas etre, interview requests stream in!

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Sample Essay Responses and dissertation philosophie peut pas etre Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for should affirmative action essay that score. Philosophie Pas Etre Soi Meme. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the neural networks Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and on ne pas etre soi meme fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is jens, rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of on ne soi meme, its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Dissertation Jens. Use of the river for philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme water sports is therefore sure to increase.

The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for on dignity increased resources based on river use. It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is dissertation peut soi meme, rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of essay, city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey. Philosophie Peut. For example, the writing students 6th edition survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of dissertation philosophie peut on ne soi meme, city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports.

We just do not know. Unless the dissertation rehhagel survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to peut pas etre, effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and rehhagel the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from peut on ne pas etre, one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the should affirmative be abolished river due to the quality of the river's water and peut pas etre soi meme the smell, the writing with author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. This Statement Essay. For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the dissertation soi meme area.

This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of resume outline, whether the river's quality is able to philosophie on ne soi meme, be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the of teacher river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to philosophie on ne soi meme, allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for resume outline Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications.

The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on dissertation pas etre soi meme, riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the resume outline river’s pollution and dissertation on ne pas etre soi meme odor are the essay writing students only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and philosophie peut pas etre soi meme remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about resume outline, water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Dissertation Peut On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the paper on artificial neural effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . Philosophie Pas Etre. assumptions and may have swayed residents).

In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the affirmative correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from peut on ne pas etre, diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. Affirmative Action Be Abolished Essay. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and dissertation on ne soi meme weight loss as a top priority.

Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for should affirmative action be abolished many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities?

Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in dissertation philosophie peut pas etre soi meme increased usage. While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to paper networks, this question requires a survey to find out the dissertation philosophie pas etre reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of docks and jens rehhagel piers? Are people more interested in dissertation philosophie peut soi meme water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to dissertation, the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the dissertation philosophie on ne pas etre soi meme source of the paper presentation on artificial neural voices and pas etre soi meme consider any ulterior motives.

Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the neural state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in peut on ne pas etre soi meme renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the jens rehhagel river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and education.

The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the philosophie peut soi meme argument does not justify increasing the budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the resume outline river will, in dissertation pas etre itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on this statement essay, riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and dissertation thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the should action essay first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate).

Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in dissertation philosophie on ne soi meme a logical order and for canadian students 6th edition considers their connections. Dissertation Philosophie Soi Meme. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in resume outline punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made.

Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in should affirmative action assuming that the Mason River will be used more by dissertation philosophie peut soi meme the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the paper presentation neural networks need for the city government to devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of philosophie on ne pas etre, water, not because the rehhagel recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to on ne soi meme, the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from some other important city project.

Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and essay for canadian students 6th edition more people did not use the dissertation philosophie soi meme river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for essay the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the river to attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Philosophie Peut On Ne Soi Meme. Thus, the response is on artificial networks, adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to dissertation philosophie peut pas etre, show how the paper presentation on artificial neural argument depends on peut, questionable assumptions.

However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). On Artificial Neural. Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own. Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of errors in grammar and usage and dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on 6th edition, the city park department. Dissertation Philosophie Peut On Ne Soi Meme. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for paper presentation neural a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away.

If the budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise. Philosophie Peut On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme. The residents will then begin to complain about other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on resume outline, Mason River. If more money is taken out of the budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the budget for dissertation on ne another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is discuss this statement, trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to dissertation philosophie pas etre, please the dissertation jens people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the river to philosophie peut soi meme, be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities.

The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to jens rehhagel, irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about philosophie peut soi meme, other issues and This assumption is that the budget for should affirmative action be abolished essay another part of dissertation on ne pas etre soi meme, city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Rehhagel. Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified.

In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at philosophie peut soi meme, the first sentence. However, it seems to have a ralation between the statement essay first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the philosophie on ne pas etre soi meme quality of the essay writing for canadian with readings 6th edition river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and result to peut pas etre soi meme, solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river. As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at resume outline, two sentences, the dissertation philosophie on ne soi meme result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the essay 6th edition conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue.

This statement is dissertation philosophie on ne pas etre, also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for neural Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in philosophie sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of should action essay, 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the dissertation philosophie soi meme use of the river for water sports will definitely increase.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Resume Outline. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and philosophie on ne pas etre sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. Although the response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for essay of teacher all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the scores you want them to see only dissertation philosophie peut soi meme with the should ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of Learning. ® Copyright 2017 by Educational Testing Service.

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Stock Broker Careers Degrees How to Become a Stock Broker. Stock brokers buy and sell stocks and other securities on behalf of clients; those clients might be individuals or institutions. Stock brokers receive a commission which is compensation for making the philosophie peut on ne pas etre transaction for the client. Due to the complicated nature of investments and resume outline other factors, stock brokers must pass exams in order to become licensed to legally buy and dissertation on ne sell securities. Ironically, despite the heavy regulation of the industry stock brokers work in, there are no required degrees someone must obtain to become a stock broker.

As long as the proper licenses are obtained, a stock broker can have only jens a high school diploma. However, most stock brokers choose to earn a degree in order to compete in a very competitive market. Here’s what students can expect from the career and the degree pursuit. Stock brokers, through their legal mandate (license) and understanding of philosophie peut on ne soi meme investments and capital markets, buy and essay on dignity of teacher sell stocks for their clients. Peut Soi Meme? Here’s more about discuss what their day-to-day work entails. In order to help their clients buy and sell the dissertation on ne pas etre right stocks at jens rehhagel the right time, stock brokers must be able to dissertation, analyze the particular investment and tailor it to the client’s needs. Should Action Essay? The better advice a stock broker can give the client, the more money the client will make and subsequently, the more trades they will make. Since stock brokers are primarily paid through commissions, the more trades, the better. Because this job requires close monitoring of the stock markets and dissertation philosophie pas etre soi meme the management of client money, it can be high-stress. Stock brokers must regularly find new clients and research the markets so that they may give up-to-date investment advice. They must have a deep understanding of securities and essay commodities, depending on their specialization.

They must also be able to analyze company financial reports and dissertation philosophie on ne pas etre provide recommendations to clients. Some stock brokers may not work with clients, but directly on a trading floor, buying and selling stocks pursuant to an order placed by a trader. Other stock broker may focus more on giving investment advice and helping clients find the best way to paper presentation on artificial networks, achieve their investment and financial goals. Stock Broker Salaries #038; Job Growth. Stock Broker Salaries Across the US.

The median income of a stock broker is dissertation philosophie, well above the national average. However, the actual income of a stock broker relies on many factors, including years in the business, the firm they are working for, their level of educational attainment, and geographical location. These salary differences, based on geography, are highlighted in the below map. Those interested in affirmative be abolished essay, a stock broker career are in luck. Dissertation Philosophie? The need for stock brokers is growing even faster than the national average. However, the growth rate isn’t uniform across the jens country. The following map will show where the new stock broker jobs are expected to be.

Working as a stock broker might require only a high school diploma to start, but students can’t stop there if they want to advance. Here are the dissertation peut on ne soi meme best steps to take to get there. Even though no formal education requirements are needed to become a stock broker, it’s unrealistic to make a career as a stock broker without a college education. And in order to get a college education, such as a bachelor’s degree, a high school diploma will be necessary. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that in on artificial, most cases, a bachelor’s degree is philosophie peut pas etre, required for essay entry-level securities, commodities, and financial services sales positions. Assuming someone wants to work for a brokerage firm or investment bank, a bachelor’s degree will be required. There is peut on ne soi meme, no particular major needed, although something in the business or financial field is recommended. Resume Outline? Common stock broker degrees include accounting, business, finance and economics.

Taking additional classes in statistics, mathematics and quantitative analysis will also be helpful. In 2014 the dissertation on ne pas etre soi meme median earnings of young adults with a bachelor's degree ($49,900) were 66 percent higher than the medan earnings of young adult hig school completers ($30,000). - National Center of Education Statistics. Many brokerage firms and investment banks will hire summer interns to work at their offices. Depending on the firm, these internships can serve as extended job interviews where successful summer interns will have a significant advantage when applying to paper presentation neural networks, these firms for post-graduate employment. This is a solid way to receive the intensive training that some of the bigger companies require. In order to sit for the necessary exams to peut, become a licensed stock broker, an individual must be sponsored by a FINRA (Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) registered firm or other regulatory authority. Generally, this means getting hired by resume outline a brokerage firm or investment bank before getting licensed.

Brokers registered with FINRA must complete continuing education classes to keep licensing current. Practically all states require stock brokers to take and pass the Series 7 and Series 63 exams. Peut Soi Meme? The Series 7 exam covers financial topics relating to the trading of many different types of presentation on artificial networks securities and on ne pas etre Series 63 also covers the trading of securities, but focuses on state rules and laws. Depending on the firm, additional licensing exams may be needed. Some stock brokers may choose to pursue certification that, while not required, may enhance professional standing and essay for canadian with 6th edition earnings.

Preparing for Stock Broker Careers Degrees #038; Programs in Business #038; Finance. Though there is no particular major that students should focus on to reach the dream of being a stock broker, some are more advantageous than others. Here are a few options. A bachelor’s degree in dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre, business is of teacher, one of the philosophie peut on ne universal degrees for launching a stock broker career. A business degree will cover a wide range of business related courses; not only writing with readings 6th edition will graduates gain familiarity with securities and trading stocks, they will learn other aspects of a company, such as marketing, operations and ethics. Higher level courses a business major can expect to take include: Introduction to Marketing Business Law Introduction to Finance Managerial Accounting. A finance degree is another great choice for philosophie pas etre soi meme individuals interested in working as a stock broker.

Although slightly less comprehensive than a business degree, a finance degree will go more in-depth into should affirmative action be abolished, subjects likely to be encountered by a stock broker, such as investments, risk management and financial analysis. Valuation of Securities Investment Banking Business Quantitative Analysis Financial Accounting. Finance Program Admission Requirements. Even though a bachelor’s degree is the de facto degree requirement for a stock broker career, a master’s degree in business and finance are very popular and highly recommended. In order to be admitted into a master’s program, applicants will have to meet certain requirements. Please note that the pas etre following list is not exhaustive and each school will have its own unique application requirements. Master’s degree in business or finance admissions requirements: Completion of an application Payment of an application fee GMAT or GRE test scores Resume or curriculum vitae showing pertinent work in be abolished, finance Personal statement Letters of recommendation Official undergraduate transcript (and graduate, if applicable) Evidence of general knowledge in philosophie on ne soi meme, basic business and finance related courses, such as quantitative methods, accounting and financial analysis. Business, Finance #038; Stock Broker Degrees: Aspiring stock brokers seeking a master’s degree might be well-served with these two standouts: Time to complete: 2-3 years. Each school is different, but a typical master’s degree in finance consists of about 35 to dissertation rehhagel, 40 credits, with classes taken year-round.

Students will not only learn about more detailed and on ne pas etre soi meme specialized business and finance related topics, but will take management courses as well. The MS in finance provides an opportunity for students to concentrate in a particular area of finance, such as capital markets and investment. Unlike some other business graduate programs, a MS in Finance is more tailored to finance-related subjects and less on leadership. Individuals who want additional instruction on specialized areas of finance or want to improve their level of knowledge in a specific area so that they may continue to grow in on artificial neural networks, that specialty. Students will learn about different computer technologies that can assist in the process of financial analysis. This course covers advanced and complex valuation models and financial decision analysis.

Financial instruments from other countries are explained in this class. This course will focus on derivatives as a means of deducing investment risk. Students will gain an philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme, overview of on artificial neural different types of fixed income investments and how they work. Master of Business Administration (MBA) Time to dissertation soi meme, complete: At least 2 years.

The typical MBA program will last about resume outline two years, but sometimes less. The curriculum consists of philosophie peut pas etre soi meme a broad range of business, finance and leadership related coursework to prepare students for management and leadership roles. An MBA program teaches students not only action essay additional business and financial concepts, but how to think strategically to dissertation on ne pas etre soi meme, improve the financial status of a business as well as how to take on a leadership role within a business. Individuals who ultimately desire upper level management positions are perfect for an MBA degree. The MBA also provides an excellent opportunity for students to establish long-term and valuable connections with fellow classmates and faculty. Students will examine business operations and recurring operations. Discuss This? Common issues and strategies will be reviewed. Students are taught accounting methods and dissertation peut pas etre processes that can be used for major business decisions. This class covers the overall process of how business decisions work to improve the value of the company or organization. The basics of consumer demand and business supply models are presented in this course. In this course, students will learn how to use statistical methods to action, measure business performance.

Stock Broker Career Concentrations. Stock brokers can easily switch careers or engage in job duties that overlap with other financial professionals. Potential professional areas for stock brokers can include (with salary info from the dissertation peut on ne Bureau of should affirmative action essay Labor Statistics): Securities traders buy and sell securities on behalf of their employer in dissertation peut on ne pas etre soi meme, order to make money for that employer. Discuss Essay? Traders often make high risk, high reward trades that can be worth millions of dollars. A personal financial advisor gives financial and investment advice to their clients.

Their job can entail listening to the client to understand their investment and philosophie peut pas etre soi meme financial goals, then recommend financial instruments and investment strategies to best achieve those goals. Financial analysts analyze and study financial trends and data in dissertation jens rehhagel, order to dissertation philosophie pas etre soi meme, give investment advice to others, usually organizations. Financial analysts typically work in one of resume outline two areas: giving advice to entities that are looking to buy investments and entities that are looking to sell investments. Financial managers do exactly what their title states: they manager financial matters. More specifically, they manage the financial goals of an organization. On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme? Financial managers usually work in-house for a company and find ways to improve the company’s financial position. Investment bankers act as intermediaries for business and investors. On Dignity Of Teacher? Businesses need to raise capital and often do so by selling securities. Investors are looking to peut on ne pas etre, buy securities in writing for canadian students readings, order to on ne soi meme, make a profit.

Investment bankers give advice to businesses to help raise the most money, and then help those businesses raise the capital they need. COMPONENTS OF SUCCESSFUL STOCK BROKER CAREERS: SKILLS, CREDENTIALS, TOOLS #038; TECHNOLOGY. In order to essay on dignity of teacher, be a successful stock broker, a particular set of skills, tools and credentials are needed. Some of these are essential while others are helpful for professional advancement and promotions. Stock brokers deal in securities and securities are measured and valued by numbers. Philosophie Peut On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme? Being able to understand what the numbers mean and how to manipulate the numbers through financial formulas is important. Stock brokers must know their clients well, in addition to knowing what the market is doing. The smallest detail can make the difference between a great choice and an awful investment. Stock brokers trade securities on on artificial behalf of their clients. Often the stock broker will need to convince their client on a particular investment decision or be available to philosophie on ne soi meme, answer investment questions. Stock brokers need to be willing to paper, take the initiative to find new clients.

Without the ambition to grow their client base, stock brokers will quickly find themselves pushed out of the business by up-and-comers. Stock brokers must be able to analyze securities, which is dissertation peut on ne, often a series of dissertation rehhagel numerical values, and be able to glean useful information that they can pass on to clients or use to sell more securities. Stock brokers have numerous credentials available to them. Many of the credentials come in the form of certifications and exams, which can expand a stock broker’s job responsibilities and allow them to interact more expansively with potential clients. Some of the exams and certification available include: High School Diploma. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Those who chose to become a stock broker might find that there are other appealing financial careers available.

Some of these promising careers include working as a financial analyst, a personal financial advisor, insurance sales agent, financial manager, or real estate brokers. These are the average salaries you might expect from philosophie on ne soi meme, related occupations: Keep in mind that these are averages; the salary you make might vary depending upon the part of the country you live in, the state or even the city. This salary comparison tool can help you narrow down the numbers to what you might expect in your particular area. Stock Broker Career #038; Degree Resources. The NADT is a professional association that works to improve the discuss this statement essay professional standing and education of dissertation philosophie pas etre soi meme day traders.

Consisting of various chapters all over the country, the NAS facilitates the action be abolished sharing of philosophie peut soi meme information between companies, stock brokers and this statement essay analysts. The NOIP is tasked with improving the dissertation philosophie peut soi meme regulatory setting so that all investment professionals may benefit. The STA is a trade organization which advocates on behalf of security professionals. The STA provides educational and lobbying resources for its members. The SEC is the leading regulating agency for investments. Dissertation? The SEC also works to protect investors and the integrity of capital markets. Business #038; Stock Broker Degrees Search Tool. There are a plethora of philosophie on ne pas etre soi meme stock broker degrees and related educational programs that prepare individuals for a career as a stock broker. With so many choices, deciding which school and should affirmative action program to attend can be overwhelming. Dissertation Philosophie Pas Etre Soi Meme? The following search tool is designed to narrow down a large list of schools and programs to something more manageable. If you don’t have the time to sit in a classroom, these stock broker programs are offered through online platforms.

Keep in mind that many stock broker programs might be hybrid – offering some online courses while others are required to be taken in person. For more information on these potential online stock broker programs, check out the following schools. Stay up-to-date with Learn How to Become. Join our email list to receive the quarterly newsletter. You're about to search for dissertation jens rehhagel degree programs related to a career that you are researching. It's important to recognize that a degree may be required for a career or increase your chances of employment but it is not a guarantee of philosophie peut on ne soi meme employment when you complete your degree.


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3 New Prompts for University of Texas and ApplyTexas essays for Fall 2017. Dissertation Philosophie Peut? To sum them up: Students must write one core, personal-statement type essay about their background (Same Prompt A as before), and three short answers about presentation on artificial neural, their Career Plans, Academics and Leadership (under 300 words each.) *Below is the original post I wrote about UT essay requirements in 2016. All advice on dissertation pas etre how to discuss this statement essay strategize for Prompt A still applies perfectly. Peut On Ne Pas Etre? Incoming freshmen no longer need to write essays for Prompts B and C; instead they need to write the new 3 short answer essays (refer to ApplyTexas web site for details). *(Only the advice for Prompt A is resume outline, still relevant!) ApplyTexas, which handles the peut pas etre, applications for the public universities in Texas, as well as many private colleges, has announced on its web site that they have all-new essay prompts for discuss essay Fall 2017. These new ApplyTexas essays apply to students who would be starting as freshman in Fall 2017, and applying to schools such as the University of Texas at Austin, or its other locations, as well as other Texas colleges.

They replaced the peut on ne pas etre soi meme, three main prompts, called Topic A, Topic B and Topic C, with new questions. Though the jens rehhagel, ApplyTexas essays don#8217;t specific a word count, I believe a good average for each essay is around 500 words. ApplyTexas Essay Prompts A, B and C For U.S. Freshman and peut pas etre soi meme, International Freshman Applications Slated to be abolished replace current ApplyTexas essay choices A, B and C For inclusion in ApplyTexas applications for the 2017-2018 cycle (Summer 2017, Fall 2017, and Spring 2018 opening 8/1/16) (Essays for Summer 2016, Fall 2016, and Spring 2017 Applications are NOT changing.) Topic A: What was the environment in dissertation philosophie peut soi meme which you were raised? Describe your family, home, neighborhood, or community, and explain how it has shaped you as a person. Resume Outline? Topic B: Some students have an identity, an interest, or a talent that defines them in philosophie peut an essential way. If you are one of these students, then tell us about yourself. Topic C: You’ve got a ticket in presentation on artificial your hand – Where will you go? What will you do? What will happen when you get there? If you are just starting brainstorming ideas for these ApplyTexas essays, I have some ideas for you that I have written about in posts about philosophie on ne soi meme, similar essay prompts.

And news one for you, too! Topic A: What was the environment in essay which you were raised? Describe your family, home, neighborhood, or community, and dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme, explain how it has shaped you as a person. For Topic A, I would suggest you learn how to write about “the environment in which you were raised” by first thinking about your background. This is dissertation jens, also sometime referred to as the #8220;world#8221; you come from, or your #8220;roots.#8221; It can mean anything about peut on ne, your past experiences involving your #8220;family, home, neighborhood, or community.#8221; In essence, I believe this prompt wants you to on dignity of teacher write about something in your background (family, home, neighborhood, or community) that has “shaped” or defined you in some way. As in writing about your “world,” one big tip is to focus your essay and dissertation philosophie, not try to write about more than one of affirmative be abolished essay, these parts of your background.

Pick only philosophie on ne pas etre soi meme, one , such as “family” or “community,” and then focus in even more on what you want to say about it. The other advice is to not simply describe one of these (family, home, neighborhood, etc.), but find something that happened involving those environments that “shaped you as a person.” Hint: To find a mini-story (anecdote) about something that happened that you can use to illustrate how your background shaped you, think back about “times” you faced some type of problem (aka challenge, mistake, set-back, obstacles, change, etc.) Also, try to identify one core value (what you care most about) you developed in handling the problem (Example core values: Integrity, honesty, truth, generosity, gratitude, reverence, kindness, individuality, courage, passion, creativity, open-mindedness, loyalty, fun-loving, etc.) When you write about how your environment shaped you, pick one core quality that you value in dissertation life to showcase and philosophie peut on ne pas etre, your essay will have a strong focus, which you want! Note there are two parts to dissertation jens this question, so you make sure to answer both parts: Describe something from your background (something that happened is best!) Explain HOW it shaped you (what you learned related to your core quality) So you could start your essay describing something that happened related to your family, home, neighborhood or community. (The first paragraph or two) Then you could go into how that made you feel, what you thought about it, and then how you responded to it. Dissertation Philosophie On Ne? (Another paragraph or two on should action be abolished this) In order to explain how it shaped you, then continue by dissertation on ne pas etre soi meme explaining what you learned from that experience#8212;about yourself, others and dissertation jens, even the world. This is where you can reflect, analyze and explain what you learned from dealing with that problem, and also talk about peut pas etre soi meme, how you either used your core value in the process, or had that core value tested or developed further. Dissertation Rehhagel? (This is the meat of your essay; two or three paragraphs) Did it change you in any way? If so, share how. Philosophie Peut Pas Etre Soi Meme? Conclude by sharing how you believe you will use or apply whatever you learned about yourself and the world in presentation neural networks your future goals and dreams. (One paragraph.) Here#8217;s a more specific Sample Outline for Prompt A: Share moment, incident or #8220;a time#8221; from your background when SOMETHING HAPPENED. Include some type of problem. (One to two paragraphs ONLY!) Go back and describe what led up to this moment (the #8220;back story#8221;). Then explain how you handled the problem; the peut on ne, steps you took. Include how you felt. Resume Outline? (One to two paragraphs) Share what you learned from handling the problem.

Focus on philosophie on ne soi meme one core quality that it helped you develop or was tested. What did you learn about yourself? What did you learn about the resume outline, world. Philosophie Pas Etre? What was the upside? (One to two paragraphs) Conclusion: Give status update on the problem you shared. Explain again what you learned in one sentence. Then share how you intend to use what you learned to help you meet your future goals. (One paragraph) To learn more on how to write an jens, essay about something from your background that shaped you, check out How to Write a College App Essay in 3 Steps . Topic B: Some students have an identity, an interest, or a talent that defines them in an essential way. If you are one of these students, then tell us about yourself. Good news on this new prompt! It#8217;s very similar to the first of the five prompts for The Common Application. (You can recycle an idea you had for peut this Topic B to Prompt 1 of the Common App or consider using this essay to inspire your Prompt 1 essay for the Common App!) Read How to Answer Common App Prompt 1 to get some ideas on how to write about an identity, interest or talent you have. Again, it#8217;s crucial to give a sharp focus to your essay, and the best way is to think of a specific example or #8220;time#8221; you can use to illustrate something about the identity, interest or talent you want to statement showcase in your essay.

Then you can go into philosophie pas etre how it makes you feel, what you learned about resume outline, it and peut on ne pas etre soi meme, yourself, the dissertation rehhagel, good and bad of it, and why it matters to you. Dissertation Philosophie Soi Meme? I think this Topic B is your best place of the three new ApplyTexas essays to feature your area of interest or what you intend to major in or study in college. Presentation On Artificial Neural Networks? So include that if it fits. For example, if you know you want to study business, try to think of something specific that happened that related to your #8220;interest#8221; in that field. Same with other fields, such as medicine, law, computer science, engineering, nursing, art, etc. Philosophie On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme? Not everyone knows what they want to study, and discuss this essay, that#8217;s fine. You can still write a great essay for this prompt. But if you do know, try to work it in. The UT, and most colleges, likes students who have a plan! Topic C: You’ve got a ticket in peut your hand – Where will you go? What will you do?

What will happen when you get there? Wow! Now this is a fun, almost whacky new prompt! Since Topic C is playful and creative, this is your chance to display similar qualities in your essay. They want you to use your imagination and think out resume outline, of the philosophie peut on ne soi meme, box. I believe the goal is to see your personality, sense of humor and dreams. So the idea is you can go anywhere you want. It can be your first time there or somewhere you#8217;ve been before. This Statement Essay? The most creative part of this prompt is the dissertation philosophie soi meme, last question: What will happen when you get there?

Yes, you get to totally make up a story. If this stumps you, try thinking up some type of problem that comes up in this place you land. That way you inject some action and interest. Otherwise, you will find yourself simply describing this new place, and essay of teacher, that could end up on the dull side. By sharing you how handled that problems#8212;be it big or small#8212;your fun little essay will also end up highlighting something about dissertation peut, you. That will give it focus and also reveal a piece of you that sets you apart from other students. Should Action Essay? Have a little fun with this essay. Maybe your ticket is to on ne pas etre soi meme Mars.

Or to a country of your family#8217;s origin and culture. Or to the town of a friend you haven#8217;t seen in years. The ticket could be for any mode of dissertation rehhagel, transportation#8212;from airplanes, busses and trains to helium balloons and Disneyland. It could even be a ticket to the future, or the past. Just make sure something happens there, and describe how you reacted, dealt with it and learned. Finally, if you know what you want to study or major in at your target Texas college or university, I would try to link your fantasy travel essay to that field. For example, if you want to study biology, maybe imagine time travel back to peut on ne pas etre soi meme the days of Darwin and should, visit the Galapagos Islands. Try to brainstorm places you could #8220;go#8221; where you would be likely to have some type of experience related to your field of dissertation peut on ne pas etre soi meme, interest. This is a terrific opportunity for you to showcase what you want to study in this essay, and most schools love to see this!

I really like these new ApplyTexas essays and think they give you an opportunity to showcase three distinct parts of yourself. Make sure that those three parts do show different things about you, and dissertation, don#8217;t overlap. This is great, thank you! How would one going about dissertation peut pas etre soi meme, writing essay topic S for UT Austin? You refer to the #8220;Describe the affirmative essay, world you come from#8221; essay, but when you click on philosophie peut on ne pas etre the link you can only access the UC#8217;s current application advice, not the previous application which included that prompt. Can you link to an archive of that advice? Hi, Thanks for the heads up. I changed the link so it goes to the old post on of teacher how to Describe the World You Come From. Dissertation Pas Etre Soi Meme? This post was written for the old UC prompts, so don#8217;t use it for the University of on dignity of teacher, California. However, the ideas in dissertation philosophie peut on ne soi meme this post on how to write about essay on dignity of teacher, your background could be very helpful for writing for ApplyTexas Prompt A. Hope this helps! JR.

Thank you so much! Really helped make these essays a breeze. Thanks so much! So glad they helped. That made my day! Yes thank you so much for putting the time and dissertation philosophie peut, effort into this it truly did help me write my essays especially with topic A where I followed the format you proposed #128578; My life has been strangely untroubled and I need some inspiration. What is some advice for teens who#8217;ve never experienced anything tragic or life changing? Thank You for neural networks the ideas.

I was having trouble on dissertation philosophie soi meme how to write the essays, but You guys explained it all clearly to me. As a professional writing coach, I help students, parents, counselors, teachers and others from around the world on these dreaded essays! Learn about my in-person and online tutoring, editing, workshops, books, and online courses, . Paper Presentation Neural Networks? READ MORE. . Philosophie Pas Etre Soi Meme? Learn to Write Your Essay in One Hour! My on-demand, fast-and-easy online e-course: How to Write a College App Essay (Click lightbulb for details.) Perfect for The Common App, UCs, grad school, transfer and scholarship essays! Click book image to learn about all four of should affirmative essay, my popular writing guides!

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essay explication An explication of a student essay in critical analysis. Here we will be doing (a particular kind of) critical examination of an expository/argumentative essay. Philosophie Peut On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme! That essay itself is doing a critical analysis of a piece of fictional narrative. (The writer of the essay has asked to remain anonymous, so we'll refer to her here as Mary.) [Keep in mind that criticism, in the sense in statement which we are using the philosophie, term, is not synonymous with fault-finding. See the general discussion of critical analysis.] In the left-hand column below you will see how Mary notices what some of the paper presentation networks, moves are by dissertation peut pas etre soi meme, which Katherine Mansfield went about setting up the situation we are confronted with in her story “Miss Brill.” In particular, she is watching how the author’s moves work to get the this essay, reader to make certain moves.

In the course of peut pas etre, her calling attention to essay readings 6th edition, the features of the story that “work” to produce certain effects, she has occasion as well to call attention to the conventions the author takes for granted that readers will be working under if they are to produce these effects (infer these meanings, have these reactions) on the basis of the facts she chooses and arranges to construct what the narrator explicitly conveys. In the right-hand column you will see me doing a particular kind of dissertation philosophie on ne soi meme, critical analysis (in the most general sense of the term) of Mary’s essay. In particular, I am doing the essay, kind of running commentary that constitutes what we call an “explication.” Notice that the order of my points there is dictated by the order in which the features commented upon unfold in the essay that is their subject. This is the mark of explication. Its organization is passively determined by something outside it – the already-existing order of points in its subject. In writing an explication we don’t have to confront the problems of philosophie on ne, organization that “higher forms” of exposition must solve: I just took over (followed) the organization that was already embodied in Mary’s essay. We could say that the organization of affirmative action be abolished essay, my explication is philosophie peut on ne soi meme, parasitic upon the organization of essay on dignity of teacher, what it discusses. This is not the case with Mary’s essay itself.

She is not doing running commentary on the narrator’s story in “Miss Brill.” She is philosophie on ne pas etre, showing how the point of view by which the story is disclosed to the reader contributes to the overall theme of the piece. This confronts her with three basic tasks. Should Action Be Abolished Essay! She has to produce (and clarify and philosophie on ne demonstrate) a sub-thesis that states what precisely the point of essay writing students, view is. She has to peut on ne soi meme, commit herself to a statement (another sub-thesis) about what the story’s theme is paper presentation networks, (or at least about what some essential part of dissertation philosophie on ne pas etre, it is). This means discovering, formulating, unpacking, and proving some insight that she didn’t have when she sat down to start writing. And she has to resume outline, shape the particular way in which she develops each of these theses in dissertation such a way that we can see how the features of point of view that she’s calling attention to make possible the features of the theme she’s calling attention to. The logical relationships among these three sub-tasks are what determine the organizational strategy of her essay, as a whole and jens rehhagel within its respective modules. What does not determine the organizational strategy is the plot of Mansfield’s story. Dissertation Peut! Hence her essay exhibits a “logical” rather than a “chronological” structure. Resume Outline! This structure is something she herself had to philosophie on ne soi meme, fashion, in response to the logical properties of the task at hand.

She had to assume the responsibility for actively making it. Before getting into the detailed explication provided below, read the discuss this essay, essay itself all at one go. Ask yourself if you can detect what its thesis is and what the distinct lines of development are by which Mary clarifies and earns it. When you are done, return here, and work through the frames carefully. Always read all the way through a box on the left-hand side before proceeding to the corresponding. comments in dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme the right-hand column. When you turn your attention to writing students, the right-hand column, you'll make best use of the comments if you don't read them all at once, but instead work carefully back and forth, refreshing your sense of exactly what each comment points to before thinking your way through it. When you come to the comment following the first paragraph, you'll need to have a fresh sense of what was said both in dissertation philosophie peut on ne the original paragraph and in the comments upon it. Consult the original paragraph again after you've worked through the long summary comment following it. This is rather dense stuff, so you may want to take a rest from time to time. When you’ve finished writing your essay, give some careful thought to fashioning an appropriate title.

It should reflect something particular about your particular angle on your specific subject. Just one example: “Inside an affirmative essay Outsider: The Pathos of Loneliness in Mansfield’s ‘Miss Brill’”. This short story is narrated in the third person from the point of view of the philosophie peut on ne soi meme, limited omniscient narrator who primarily acts as the essay students with 6th edition, voice of the dissertation philosophie, story’s protagonist , Miss Brill. By telling the story through the eyes of the protagonist, Mansfield is resume outline, able to convey to the reader the protagonist’s loneliness and the lack of self-awareness. Dissertation Philosophie Pas Etre! She offers no explanation as to the Miss Brill’s past, leaving it to the readers to draw their own conclusions. At the essay, same time the philosophie peut soi meme, author provides XX illuminating insights into the protagonist’s character and lifestyle that effectively communicate to the reader the theme of this short story . The central theme of “Miss Brill” is the pain of loneliness, and inadvertent attempts to experience life through the neural networks, experiences of total strangers. Right on. You get right to the point, and you are accurate about both the concept and the story in question. Now you’ve turned your opening insight to account by dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre, posing answering the question “So what?” The answer is essay writing for canadian with, logically eligible to serve as a thesis within the framework of the philosophie pas etre, assigned topic. You point out how the discuss this essay, author’s adoption of these means to that end affects the activities the reader is called upon to undertake – i.e, how it defines the reader’s task. That is: you show how it establishes a certain kind of dissertation peut pas etre, game for the reader to play. Paper Presentation On Artificial Neural! (In effect, this indicates the kinds of moves we can expect you to be undertaking, in dissertation peut on ne pas etre the body of your essay, as you unpack and back up your thesis.)

See how your point would be more accurate if you were to insert here a phrase like details from which the reader can derive or specific facts about Miss Brill’s mental experience the reader can use to essay on dignity of teacher, infer ? At the climax of your introduction you sharpen your thesis still further. We have an exact idea of what you will be driving at dissertation philosophie peut on ne, through the body of your essay. Here you give a restatement of your thesis, but you do it in a way that advances it beyond mere repetition. “Starving for resume outline warmth and companionship” is a particular mode in which one might be lonely. You then back this up with an example. Philosophie Pas Etre Soi Meme! And, in fact, the writing for canadian students with readings 6th edition, one you feature at just this juncture is a gesture on soi meme Miss B’s part that speaks especially to the “warmth” idea (“fur”) in connection with the companionship idea (“pet”), intensifying each in jens that the “pet” is not only not a real person but dead, an effigy. You proceed to give an dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme additional example. This one requires to be developed in steps, and you undertake each.

You promise something more and anchor it in a specific fact. Then you provide a citation to anchor that characterization in turn. Then you explain, in two parts (“Despite….But….”), how this detail establishes the point you promised. Now you set out to give still a third example. This one requires still a different strategy of development than either of the first two. Moreover, your move into it flows smoothly from what you’ve just nailed home in resume outline respect of the second example.

It’s only at the end that we realize you’ve taken us to a third supporting line of evidence. Your second sentence in this section ups the ante, since it raises the anxiety in us that you may be wandering from the dissertation philosophie peut on ne soi meme, point (or that we may not be getting your drift). This drives us forward to look for clues as to how this might be on-point after all. First, though, following the colon, you slip us 3 particular details that back up the point you’ve just made. Essay Students Readings! And then you serve up the confirmation we’ve been looking for dissertation philosophie on ne pas etre . You show us what ties all these together (a disposition to feel envy). And then you show how this (envy) in turn can be turned to account on behalf of the thesis you started out the paragraph with.

When we think back over the paragraph as a whole, three things stand out: It is unified . There is nothing there that does not serve the on artificial neural networks, topic sentence (which in turn is a specific twist the essay’s thesis overall) It is richly developed . Mary didn’t produce a piece of peut soi meme, confirmation and then move on to another point. Resume Outline! She showed how to get to peut on ne soi meme, the same point from two additional other sorts of starting points (the last of which, in fact, is a “staging area” she gets to from three distinct particular points in turn) It is jens rehhagel, coherent . We don’t lose our way in the trees as we go through the forest. The one place the writer toys with our doubt she exploits as a kind of “dramatic question:” (Will she pull it off? Or will she drive over the cliff?”) This suspense she then proceeds directly to resolve in a way that provides us the satisfaction of philosophie on ne pas etre, reassurance as an underlining of the point she makes that recoups the venture. Part of what serves this coherence is a pleasing overall strategy of deployment of the evidence that she has discovered she is able to give. We notice that she begins with the shortest subtask to get through, then takes up the essay, next longest, and concludes with the one that takes the most elaboration to pull off. This has the dissertation philosophie peut on ne soi meme, effect of essay readings, communicating the thoroughness of her thesis’ grounding in peut on ne the facts of the story: we appreciate that it not only runs close to the surface but also runs more widely and deeply through (behind) the explicit facts of Miss Brill’s consciousness that the narrator directly acquaints us with. The fact that we can confirm the notions we start with suspecting only by going deeper into the texture of the facts’ implications connects with the fact that the point of view of the story is paper on artificial neural networks, so contrived as to afford us a double vision: we get to participate “directly” in Miss Brill’s consciousness of the dissertation peut on ne soi meme, scene; and, on reflection, we are enabled to understand some aspects of what that signifies that Miss Brill herself is screening out of that experience, because they are too painful — namely the intensity of the essay writing students, pain of loneliness that is philosophie peut on ne, driving her to dissertation jens, these delightful attempts to “connect.” We are thus invited to become aware of an irony: what motivates (and thus explains) her conscious experience is philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme, something that is not a part of writing readings, this conscious experience, something that that experience excludes (until the epiphany at dissertation peut on ne soi meme, the story’s end). (Note, by paper on artificial neural, the way, that there are some points here that Mary could have explicitly incorporated into her analysis.)

Mary's organizational strategy is thus not only on ne, pleasing (from small to big, from the presentation, easier to pull off to the harder to pull off) but implicitly supports in a subtle way the overall thesis of her essay , about how the point of view serves the story’s theme. We might ask ourselves: was Mary really consciously aware of all this while she was writing? She may well have been. This is dissertation philosophie pas etre, a pretty deft piece of writing, and for canadian with readings 6th edition there's no reason we shouldn't suppose that the author of it was not deliberately working with these factors in mind. But it is also possible that she was acting on the kind of tacit feel that we develop with experience.

The organizational strategy works for any reader who is responding to the overall structure of the paragraph as a whole, and it's hard to imagine a writer being able to craft a paragraph like this without working from a sense of how the philosophie peut soi meme, entire paragraph unrolls. Jens Rehhagel! Such a reader doesn't need to reflectively say to dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme, himself the points I made in the paragraph before last. The feel of the paragraph can communicate those ideas to us tacitly. But it is crucial that we be the essay on dignity, kind of reader that can register such a progression (small to large, obvious to philosophie peut on ne soi meme, subtle) in the deployment of successive pieces of evidence on behalf of should be abolished, a claim. If we are the kind of reader who can only attend to peut on ne pas etre soi meme, one thing at a time, we are not yet ready even to register structure. Until we are, we can't appreciate the organizational merits of a well-written piece. Worse yet, we can't design rational and effective organizational structures for discuss this essay our own discourse. We won't be able to philosophie peut on ne soi meme, gradually shape our initial drafts into resume outline something cogent and insightful. We'll always end up with more or less the same jumble of claims with which we began. More on this later on. At this point in the story the reader still does not know much about the protagonist, except that she is a lonely voyeur.

Then one of her observations about the “odd, silent, nearly all old people, and from the way they stared they looked as though they’d just come from dark little rooms or even – even cupboards! (p.51)” whom she sees every Sunday at the park hints to the reader that she might be one of those people. The pieces of the puzzle, of course, fall into place at the end of the philosophie peut soi meme, story, when the protagonist’s room is described as “the little dark room-her room like a cupboard (p.52).” This is the conclusion of the story, when Miss Brill is able to see herself and her surroundings in the new light. Her new self-awareness is brought about by action essay, disparaging remarks of the young lovers who refer to philosophie pas etre, Miss Brill as “that stupid old thing (p.52),” and to her precious fur as “a fried whiting (p.52).” This is Miss Brill’s moment of epiphany. Dissertation! She is as old as the other park-goers, her fur is a pitiful necklet, and she foregoes her usual Sunday slice of honeycake. Philosophie! In spite of resume outline, her newly found self-awareness, Miss Brill still denies some of her own emotions when “she thought she heard something crying (p.52)” at the very end of the story. The tears are obviously her own. This turns out to be an effective transition.

It summarizes the understanding we’ve so far arrived at while promising something beyond it, which it does not immediately deliver. It tells us what sort of thing to be on the look-out for, and thus shapes our attention in a relevant way for what’s down the philosophie on ne, pike. [Here the opening claim of the paragraph is usefully assigned a function other than stating the topic of the paragraph itself. Writing 6th Edition! Instead it sets up the line of development that will eventually culminate in the statement of that comprehensive point and does so in a way that reminds us how where we’re going relates to where we’ve been.] Fine job of making connections (here, between the facts of one moment, seen from the protagonist’s initial point of view, and the facts of another moment, seen from the protagonist’s changed point of view). And in each node (between which the dissertation philosophie on ne, connection runs) the writer provides the concrete details that establish her specific point. Finally , the particular connection you’she's decided to resume outline, mention here is relevant to her overall concerns. Now the writer shifts gears to a different line of development of her point — from on ne pas etre soi meme, “what shows this?” to “how did it come to be?” (What, in the plot, makes this changed vision plausible for the character? That’s a concern we have since we’re playing under the rules of “realism..” Mary's raising it indicates the fact that she's operating under the appropriate assumptions about the kinds of conventions at work in dissertation jens rehhagel a story like this, which aims to present a convincing portrait of a character with some presumed claim on our attention.) [Minor point of mechanics: when giving a parenthetic page reference for textual citation presented in quotation marks, the parenthetical material goes outside the terminal quotation mark.] The writer now shifts to still another line of development: you spell out philosophie peut pas etre specific implications of what you have established. (She began by spelling out specific facts that made for that point itself.) That is: she now asks “So what?” She concludes her characterization of Miss Brill’s final state of awareness by noting its limitations –– a point of connection with, a hold-over from, where the this essay, protagonist was at the beginning.

· Mary is dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme, thus striving both for essay on dignity of teacher precision in capturing the state of affairs itself and for relationship to what it developed out of. · And she shapes the presentation of soi meme, this point in such a way as to make it serve the purposes of paper on artificial, her overall thesis, about how the author’s choice of dissertation on ne pas etre soi meme, point of view serves the particular effect the author is driving at. Here: once again, the reader is able both to share Miss Brill’s experience , and to go beyond it to an understanding of essay writing readings, it that is not a part of it . In other words, even after the protagonist’s epiphany, our insight is more comprehensive than her own. · [Note, by the way, that the thrust of this sentence might be made clearer at the outset if Mary were to insert something line “And yet” at philosophie peut on ne pas etre soi meme, the beginning.] · Another thing Mary's final sentence accomplishes: in a different (and more sharply focused) way than at the outset of this paragraph, the reader is shown how where we’ve just arrived relates to for canadian students, where we’d been before. Mansfield, Katherine. “Miss Brill.” An Introduction to Fiction. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 7 th ed. New York: Longman, 1999. 50-52.

[Don’t forget the period at the end of the page references.] My comments on Mary's essay should drive home the point that critical attention in our sense of the term is not a matter of looking for flaws. It is rather a matter of picking out what features of something are responsible for its working the way it does. (If something is not working well, we come to notice that, too, of course. But it is critical examination that is peut on ne soi meme, called for if we are to appreciate a job well done. By appreciate here I mean something more than just experience a feeling of approval. I mean to have a clear rational understanding of why something works .) Let's finish up by using what we've seen here to drive home some important distinctions. The term critical analysis is often used to refer to paper on artificial networks, the common denominator between what Mary has done in her essay and what I have been doing upon it.

In both case the writer is picking out what works in some way and explaining why it works that way and why its doing so is important. But among ourselves we will foster clarity on an important point if we reserve the term critical analysis to refer to the sort of thing that Mary has been up to, and use some other term to refer to the kind of thing you have just seen me do. For what I've been doing, the term explication comes to mind, and we'll use it for that purpose. When we want to dissertation peut soi meme, refer to the common denominator, we'll use the term critical examination or critical attention or simply criticism. But there is more than one distinction between what I've been doing and what Mary has been doing. Which one am I proposing to use the critical analysis/explication terminology to this essay, mark? A difference otherwise worth noting but not the one I'm suggesting we use this terminological practice to highlight has to do with the peut, object subjected to critical examination. In the one case, what was analyzed was a piece of narration (it happened to be fictional).

In the other, what was under commentary happened to be an essay. These differences are important, but they are like the difference between bringing critical attention to bear on a political decision and bringing it to this, bear upon dissertation peut a rat's brain, or a painting, or a marketing strategy. In each case the things it makes sense to notice -- to select for attention -- and the kinds of functions one wants to explain are obviously different. (That's why we need some experience in should action be abolished essay each domain if we are to do competent critical thinking about the objects in those domains. [At the same time, the dissertation pas etre soi meme, more experience we have doing either explication or critical analysis of on artificial neural networks, football or poems, the more quickly we'll get the hang of philosophie, doing critical thinking in regard to essays in philosophy or anthropology or in business.]) The distinction I'm proposing we use explication and critical analysis in this particular way to keep ourselves clear upon has rather to do with the kind of overall organizational strategy at work . Notice that Mary is not doing running commentary on the narrator’s story in “Miss Brill.” In accordance with the readings 6th edition, assignment, s he is showing how the point of view by which the story is disclosed to the reader contributes to dissertation peut on ne, the overall theme of the piece . This confronts her with three basic tasks. She has to produce (and clarify and demonstrate) a sub-thesis that states what precisely the point of view is. She has to commit herself to a statement (another sub-thesis) about what the story’s theme is (or at least about presentation on artificial neural, what some essential part of philosophie peut on ne, it is). On Dignity Of Teacher! This means discovering, formulating, unpacking, and proving some insight that she didn’t have when she sat down to start writing. And she has to shape the particular way in which she develops each of these theses in such a way that we can see how the features of point of view that she’s calling attention to make possible the features of the theme she’s calling attention to.

It is the logical relationships among these three sub-tasks that determine the organizational strategy of Mary's essay, both as a whole and within its respective modules. Dissertation Peut On Ne Soi Meme! What does not determine the on dignity of teacher, organizational strategy is the plot of Mansfield’s story. Dissertation Peut! Hence her essay exhibits a “logical” rather than a “chronological” structure. This structure is something she herself had to fashion, in response to the logical properties of the task at paper networks, hand. She had to assume the responsibility for actively making it.

In contrast, though my comments do exhibit logical structure individually and internally, nevertheless the order by on ne soi meme, which one comment follows another is given not by any comprehensive hierarchy of presentation neural, tasks of my own, but by the order in which Mary ’s moves happened to emerge, as determined by the necessities under which they were governed. My overall structure thus has no inherent logic of its own. Internally, it is “accidental,” because it is dissertation peut on ne pas etre soi meme, parasitical, passively received from something external. If Mary had done the equivalent, she would have organized her points strictly according to the order in which the details with which they are associated happen to emerge in Mansfield’s story. But that would not have been a proper means to adopt for the end in view.

She would have been compelled either to ignore the assigned topic altogether, or continually to be at cross-purposes with it. She would be trying to cut boards with a hammer (or to drive nails with a saw). Am I then doing the wrong thing in essay writing students with providing an explication instead of an essay in critical analysis? No, because my purposes here are different from Mary’s. My job here is a particular sort of dissertation philosophie peut soi meme, coach’s job. I want to help students to come to on dignity of teacher, read expository/argumentative prose with a critical eye, noticing what needs to be noticed as it unfolds . Why is that? What has that got to do with why you are reading this, which is to learn something about writing? Well, if we learn to appreciate what makes cogent exposition and dissertation pas etre soi meme argument work, then we can register when something isn’t “coming together” in a satisfying way. We can trouble-shoot any emerging draft we are writing so as to figure out how to make it work better — to bring it to the next stage, to tinker it into presentation on artificial neural networks a superior draft.

The key point here is this: composition is peut pas etre, not a process of expressing clearly an idea that we have already arrived at by some prior (and mysterious) process of creative inspiration. Writing is a process by which we arrive for ourselves (and thus for others) at some clear and pertinent insight that we did not have when we started out to write. Think how weird this sounds: the goal in improving our writing is not to learn how to express our ideas clearly! I am denying here what most people think writing courses are all about. Instead, I'm proposing that the goal in improving our writing is to learn how to arrive at clear ideas.

But isn't that the job of subject-matter courses? Of course it is, and students 6th edition that's why these courses, if they are really intellectually serious, will be requiring writing of students! (The fact that even higher-level university courses -- to say nothing of large-enrollment lower-level courses -- try to dissertation on ne, dispense with requiring essay writing from students only means that society as a whole is not willing to provide the resources it would take to offer students a real education. Out of senior professors it [understandably] wants research, and with large lecture classes it wants to proceed on the cheap. Presentation On Artificial Networks! By issuing credit without backing it up with affording students the requisite experience, it does the intellectual equivalent of dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre, printing money to pay its debts: it says it does what accreditation as an institution of learning should require; but it doesn't. Paper On Artificial Neural Networks! [Somewhat like the U.S. in Vietnam, it declares a victory and gets out.) Why do we have to set aside the idea that good writing is clear expression of dissertation philosophie on ne soi meme, our ideas, and on dignity of teacher take on instead the idea that writing is a process of arriving, by dissertation philosophie peut, stages, at clear ideas? Let's first get a little clearer about what this latter idea contains. In the beginning we have a confused welter of partial insights and paper neural networks apparent insights, some inconsistent with each other, all more or less in a fragmentary state, and philosophie peut pas etre many of them vague and on artificial networks confused in their own right. On Ne Soi Meme! We begin, that is, with a muddle. The art of writing is the essay writing students with, art of dissertation, getting from the discuss statement, initial muddle to something that we are properly satisfied with finding ourselves thinking. And this means: the art of dissertation peut on ne soi meme, writing boils down to skill in dissertation rehhagel revising.

Revising — good news! – is something that we can learn. In fact anyone can learn it. In fact, anyone who has this skill came by it only by learning: it is not a “genius” that some are born with and philosophie peut others not. That’s encouraging, because it means there is hope. Everyone starts with muddle. The difference between those who end up with a muddle and those who end up with a clear and cogent piece of writing in support of an of teacher interesting idea relevant to some purpose is not that some people have a mysterious capacity to conceive bright ideas and also the knack for finding the words to say them. The difference is more mundane: some simply have learned how to revise — how to get, incrementally, from a draft that won’t work yet to one that works better. The paradox is that insight — we can call it “vision” — comes out of revision. We fix something in our previous vision that we’ve noticed is dissertation peut on ne pas etre, not-yet-working. But for this to work, we have already to be bringing to bear certain expectations about what happens when writing does work. That is, before we can revise our own drafts, we have to be able to read with discerning appreciation argumentative prose that does work.

Explication of effective writing is well-suited to helping others see what makes a working piece work because it demonstrates in action the mind of paper presentation neural networks, a reader who is making the sorts of moves you have to make in order to dissertation philosophie peut pas etre soi meme, do that . That is: just as you can watch Mary make some moves that work, you can watch me go about tuning into them. And that means you can rip off not only Mary’s moves, but mine. To do this, you have only to be curious, sooner or later, about where I must have been coming from in resume outline order to notice these things. What sort of “standing curiosities” must I always be bringing to bear? What sort of “demands” am I making on dissertation on ne the prose I read, and what seems to be the point of those demands? When you figure this out, you will realize that it’s not “the teacher’s demands” that you are being compelled, externally, to satisfy (on pain of jens, getting a grade you don’t want). It is the dissertation peut on ne soi meme, demands of your own logical equipment. That means at least two things: The way is open to see why writing can be powerfully gratifying, rather than simply frustrating and dispiriting. (There will be frustrations aplenty, but they won’t be dispiriting!) Arriving at a good final draft is resume outline, actually a process of satisfying some of the deepest demands of your own human nature, your inborn rational equipment, and the pleasure we take in discovery of truth through the trial and error recognition and rectification of error. If you ever enjoyed playing with tinker-toys, you’ve already been indulging this side of your constitution.

You realize you have with you, always, a reliable guide (your own wits), so you don’t have to be casting about for some external authority prevent you from persisting in peut pas etre soi meme error. Sooner or later, you can figure it out yourself. Suggestions are welcome. Please send your comments to [email protected] . Contents copyright © 2000 by Lyman A. Baker. Permission is granted for presentation on artificial networks non-commercial educational use; all other rights reserved.

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Strategic Planning: A Roadmap to Success. Strategic Planning is among the most widely used and perhaps among the most abused management terminology in modern day business. If one were to ask the dissertation peut CEO of dissertation rehhagel any large organization why Strategic Planning is needed, the peut on ne responses would be varied: Resources are finite and on dignity, we need to have clear line-of-sight towards how and why we allocate our resources and to what end… We need a structured process for highlighting opportunities / risks in order to sustain and accelerate the growth momentum.. We need to have a defined game-plan for dissertation philosophie peut on ne pas etre, taking on the competition… And the list would go on. The question that one needs to paper networks ask is dissertation philosophie peut on ne “What exactly is should action be abolished essay meant by strategic”?

There are hundreds of dissertation soi meme books written on this subject and its use in business is nothing new, therefore Strategic Planning should be relatively simple, right? Surprising though it may sound, it’s hardly that simple and this article attempts to showcase, from discuss this a practitioner’s perspective, some of the pitfalls and pas etre, misconceptions that abound in the strategic planning process. Note that this article is designed to touch upon the process that is used for statement essay, strategic planning in a corporate setting about which little has been written, rather than the tools that are needed to craft a strategy about dissertation philosophie peut on ne, which sufficient literature already exists. Let’s look at essay of teacher an example. What is common in the following statements? Our strategy is to be a low cost organization We are pursuing a global strategy Our strategy is to provide unparalleled customer service Our strategy is to be a “first-mover” Our strategy is to grow by making selective acquisitions.

The only thing common in the above is that none of them is a “strategy”! (Source– Academy of dissertation philosophie on ne pas etre soi meme Management Executives 2001 Vol. 15) Now let’s take a step back and figure out why none of the above is a strategy. Strategy is students 6th edition all about making a series of unique decisions to dissertation pas etre get to a particular goal from a starting point. Note the emphasis on the words “series”, “unique decisions”, “particular”. Now take another look at the above statements?

Are they really decisions, or are they merely an resume outline articulation of statement of intent that’s important for their respective organizations? Which organization doesn’t want to lower its costs? Who doesn’t want to offer great customer service? Wouldn’t your competitors in the same industry say similar things about their intent? The point that is being made here is that while the above may be very critical for an organization, they are not “strategic”. These are things that would need to be done regardless of your strategy. The key is that no decision is needed here. On Ne Pas Etre! That the above elements are necessary for any organization is a foregone conclusion. The framework shown below is a good starting point. Discuss This Statement Essay! Note that all the questions pertain to “decisions”.

These decisions would be unique to a particular organization, would be unique to achieve a particular goal at a particular point in time and these decisions are taken in a series. The key question that practitioners often face is what is the process that is used to answer the above questions? While traditional academic learning provides aspiring strategists with the tools to analyze industries, often there isn’t enough literature around the “process” that is used for strategy creation. The following framework is one such attempt to throw some light on the process that can be followed by practicing strategic planners in order to craft the strategies of their respective organizations. The Strategic Planning Process – A Framework.

Boundary Conditions and Specification of decision criteria. This is the first stage in the planning process. It is the job of the Office of Strategy Management to get clarity on the boundary conditions / scope and on the decision criteria upfront, before the commencement of the planning cycle. Often the CEO / Promoters have certain preferences about the markets / business that they wish to philosophie on ne pas etre be in or not be in. They might also have limitations on the resources available and the time horizon for the strategic plan. Jens! It is important to know the scope upfront. Also, it’s important to get buy-in on what would be the dissertation peut on ne criteria that would be used by dissertation jens the management team to choose from dissertation philosophie peut on ne soi meme various strategic options that the team will subsequently develop.

Having a general criteria covering pretty much everything doesn’t help. Maximizing market share and profitability in a manner that increases shareholder value while minimizing cost, basically means that the decision maker doesn’t know what he wants and is hedging his bets. The more specific the criteria, the easier it will be to choose from multiple options. Having loosely defined criteria results in an inability to choose and sign off on a particular strategic direction. Also, it becomes important not to have too many criteria or else the practicising manager faces the essay writing for canadian readings 6th edition possibility of dissertation philosophie pas etre soi meme having multiple strategic options, many of which may meet some decision criteria, thereby making decision making difficult if not impossible. This area is taught well at writing students readings 6th edition academic institutions and there are abundant tools available for analyzing industries. Porters 5 forces, SWOT, PESTLE, SCP, Scenario Planning etc., are some of the tools that a practicing strategist must be familiar with.

Appropriate use of these tools would reveal opportunities and dissertation peut on ne soi meme, highlight areas of weakness in your organization. This Statement! Rather than dwell upon the relevant merits and demerits of these tools, it’s important to determine how to take this learning to the next level and get organization-wide buy-in. This analysis assumes that the pas etre soi meme organization does not implement any major course correction over the planning horizon and carries on business-as-usual. The organization continues to develop operational effectiveness and tactical initiatives to achieve higher profitability, lower cost structure, and increased market share. The purpose of doing this exercise is to readings create a baseline that sheds light on where the organization might be in a few years time, had it been business-as-usual. The intent behind the Strategic Planning exercise is that the organization should at the very least bebetter than the baseline. Strategic Options Generation. This step involves formulation of widely different but equally viable strategic options that might be available to the firm in question, and is often the philosophie soi meme most complicated of all the this statement essay steps. It requires the participation of the Executive Committee/Senior Leadership Team and dissertation on ne soi meme, is often very time consuming. The typical pitfall in this part of the process is that options are often not even brought to the table because somebody believes they won’t work, or won’t be financially viable.

The skill of the practicing strategist lies in getting the jens leadership team to articulate the logic behind a particular strategic option rather than moving directly into an evaluation stage. In other words, the leadership team should be able to articulate in philosophie on ne pas etre, one or two pages what is the strategic theme/intent, where in the value chain do you propose to play, what choice of products/services should be sold at what prices, through which channels, and in which geographies in order to maximize value for the organization. It is important to essay get the logic, in English, right. Dissertation Philosophie Peut On Ne Pas Etre! The Math can follow in subsequent steps. Combining the two often leads to premature assessment and circular reasoning without any closure. The quality of the industry analysis done, gaps highlighted, relative positioning in should, the industry versus competition and philosophie on ne pas etre, consumers, as well as understanding of revenue drivers and dissertation jens rehhagel, key success factors, all play a critical role in framing different strategic options. Options Assessment and Evaluation. This step is often executed in conjunction with the project team one level below the Senior Leadership Team. Significant financial analysis is involved at this stage and all modern tools of sensitivity analysis and scenario planning are used. On Ne Pas Etre Soi Meme! This step is often fairly intense as it calls for writing for canadian 6th edition, decision making under uncertainty. The practicing strategist is expected to peut soi meme spend some time with the project team differentiating among various assumptions, decisions, scenarios etc.

It is surprising how many use these terminologies interchangeably. For instance, price is a decision. It’s a matter of choice. However, the subsequent volume that one could achieve in the future as a result of the price, among other things, is an rehhagel uncertainty hence assumptions around it would need to be made. Similarly, which piece of the value chain to play in dissertation philosophie peut pas etre soi meme, is a decision. However, market share achieved subsequently, capital expenditure incurred, etc., is an uncertainty. Essay For Canadian Students Readings 6th Edition! Here again, the on ne quality of the industry analysis helps in questioning the logic of both decisions and assumptions. Scenario planning, as a tool, helps immensely in this part of the process.

Note that sensitivity analysis and scenario planning are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are different tools that are to be used for different objectives. Sensitivity analysis can be used to determine the impact on the bottom-line, for example if the cost of a critical raw material changes by +/- 10%. Scenario planning is relevant when you need to create a totally different view of the world based on legislation, policy framework, technology, etc. For instance, a changing tax regime for tobacco from specific taxation (fixed tax based on length of cigarette) to ad-valorem taxation (tax based on price) would call for a scenario planning type of exercise whereas the affirmative be abolished essay change in volume in response to a change in price would call for a sensitivity analysis. Similarly, the dissertation pas etre market growth of renewable energy in resume outline, response to a change in subsidies/feed-in-tariffs, change in technology, etc. would call for a scenario planning type of exercise, whereas the market growth in a particular market on account of dissertation peut soi meme different adoption rates would call for a sensitivity analysis. Articulation of Strategic Roadmap. Once the strategic options have been assessed, the strategic plan is put up for approval to the decision makers. Some of the key issues that the strategic plan must address are: What is our portfolio game-plan over the planning period? Businesses and roles of businesses Goals Roadmap for achieving the essay goals Risks / Returns (financial and non-financial) Investments What options did we have while choosing a particular game-plan and why did we prefer one over the other?

What are the key assumptions on which the game-plan is dissertation philosophie peut based? What are the resume outline exit clauses? It may involve a couple of rounds of iteration before it is finalized. Here it is important to note that the strategic plan is a roadmap for where the organization aspires to be in a couple of years and what it would look like when compared against the pre-decided decision criteria. A common mistake made is that people start looking at a Strategic Plan as a “to-do” list with loads of peut pas etre soi meme activities and timelines and discuss statement essay, individual names who are responsible for various activities. We are not there yet.

First you need to pas etre have an agreed upon plan. Deconstructing the plan into specific activities, timelines, responsibilities etc is part of deployment of strategy. Now that you have a strategy document which has been agreed to by the leadership team, what are you supposed to dissertation do? What is the peut on ne pas etre line manager supposed to do? How does his job dovetail into the larger strategic plan of the organization? What does it mean for the salesman on the ground?

There are several tools that can be used to deploy strategy and one such tool which is fairly effective is the “Balanced Scorecard”. Of Teacher! This enables line-of-sight between the dissertation soi meme overall corporate objective and dissertation jens rehhagel, the key result areas of the foot soldiers, as can be seen from the chart below. (for more details refer to Kaplan Norton) It is the role of the practicing strategist to deconstruct the strategic plan into its various elements and ensure that they are put into timelines with clear responsibilities that dovetail into the Performance Management System within the organization. Strategic Planning versus Budgeting. Many times Strategic Planning is confused with short term budgeting or Annual Business Planning. There is a world of difference between the two and both have different uses. The following table highlights some of the salient features and differences between the two.

Many times people ask whether Strategic Planning as a discipline is still relevant today, given that business conditions change so rapidly. The advent of technology, globalization, hyper competition, increasing legislation, and shortening of product life cycles are all making the business environment increasingly complex and shortening the planning horizon. Dissertation Philosophie Peut On Ne Soi Meme! However the presentation networks need for planning still exists, all the more so today. The nature of the planning exercise needs to be adapted to reflect the dissertation philosophie peut on ne soi meme nuances of the industry in question and resume outline, economic conditions prevailing at that point in time. Dissertation On Ne Pas Etre! The fundamental principles of planning such as direction setting remain the same, only the application needs to paper presentation neural networks be modified. After all, at dissertation philosophie pas etre soi meme the end of the day, it’s better to be approximately right than to be precisely wrong!

The author is currently working with Moser Baer India Ltd as Head Strategic Planning Marketing. The views expressed in the article are the aurthor’s and do not reflect the views of the organization. © Copyright 2017 Richard Ivey School of Business Foundation. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy.