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Anwar Sadat Speech Analysis Essays and Research Papers. Essay-terrorism? connected and how write compelled their audiences to reassess and challenge the message within their speeches. “Statement to the Knesset” (1977) by Anwar . Sadat , using biblical references, forces audiences to see and envisage the wonders of his unified narrative for social, cultural and essay-terrorism political change. Throughout the speech “Statement to the Knesset” (1997) by Anwar Sadat , his themes and ideas can be seen through his enduring power and artistic qualities, and his audiences are emotionally and intellectually. Egypt , Egyptian Arabic , Egyptian people 1484 Words | 4 Pages. Anwar Sadat research paper, biography *H World History Anwar Sadat , he was a part of mothers should stay essay a lot of . political situations and in all such a short time of presidency. Anwar Sadat grew up hating British, and has been in jail because of his actions against them. Essay-terrorism? Anwar , despite him being thrown in jail, he ended up becoming the prompt President of Egypt. How he came to his presidency all starts when and where he was born.
Anwar Sadat was born on essay-terrorism December 25th, 1918 in Mit Abul Kom, which is about 40 miles. Anwar El Sadat , Cairo , Egypt 1331 Words | 4 Pages. Le Resume? Muhammad Anwar el- Sadat was an Egyptian army officer and politician who remained the president of essay-terrorism Egypt until his death on . English Essay Writing Competition On Sportsmanship And The? October 6, 1981. Essay-terrorism? He was born on December 25, 1918. He was awarded Nobel Prize for his initiation of the peace negotiations with Israeli Premier Menachem Begin. Under their leadership, Egypt and mothers stay Israel made peace with each other in 1979. Graduated from the Cairo Military Academy in 1938, Sadat was a politician from the very beginning. During World War II he conspired to essay-terrorism exude. Competition On Sportsmanship And The Olympics? Anwar El Sadat , Cairo , Egypt 1308 Words | 4 Pages. Margaret Atwood and Anwar Sadat Speeches. (1994) and Anwar Sadat’s Statement to the Knesset (1977) are both speeches worthy of critical study because of their fascinating ideas and . values. “There was a little girl Who had a little curl Right in the middle of her forehead; When she was good, she was very, very good, And when she was bad, she was horrid!” Atwood begins her speech with an anecdote and quotes this famous nursery rhyme to gain a personal connection with her audience and to introduce the essay-terrorism subject of her speech – women in. Audience theory , God , Israel 936 Words | 3 Pages. ‘Statement to the Knesset’ Anwar el Sadat , 20 November 1977 1. Read the full transcript of the speech 2. . Annotate speech – noting rhetorical techniques, structural features and values/ memorable ideas 3. Read Stanners notes and add to your understanding of context and rhetorical strategies used 4. Read and complete the following Audience * The Knesset is the Israeli Parliament * The speech was also broadcast live all over the world Context * Born in 1918 in essay prompt 2011 Mit Abul.
Anwar El Sadat , Gamal Abdel Nasser , Hosni Mubarak 1527 Words | 7 Pages. Essay-terrorism? Advanced English Module B: Critical Study Speeches; Bandler Anwar Sadat. very unique and moving leaders who have successfully delivered speeches that will remain timeless and invaluable due to their powerful themes and beliefs . A Poem? portrayed within them. Essay-terrorism? Speeches such as Faith Bandler’s “Hope, Faith and Reconciliation” and Anwar Sadat’s “Statement to the Knesset” will always remain significant within society and will never become dependent on firefghter shaping today’s society but be a memory of essay-terrorism our past and a reminder of who we are today. Only very few texts still remain today that. Anwar El Sadat , Gamal Abdel Nasser , Hosni Mubarak 1590 Words | 5 Pages. appeal of a speech lies in its ability to challenge and inspire is clearly demonstrated in both Anwar Sadat’s “Statement to the . Knesset” (1977) and Paul Keating’s “Funeral Service for the Unknown Soldier” (1993). It is indeed the rhetorical treatment of the widely debated values in these speeches- whether it be for peace between two nations or simply the need for a stronger sense of national identity- that makes both these texts so influential in at home their enduring appeal. Sadat’s Speech : In the light. Israel , Nobel Peace Prize , Nobel Prize 1354 Words | 4 Pages. ? Speech analysis The speech made by Manal- Al Sharif called “A Saudi woman who dared to drive” is essay-terrorism, presented in a . TED conference (Technology, Environment, and Design) which is a global set of conferences. A Poem? They offer live streaming of the talks and address a wide range of topics within the research and practice of science and essay-terrorism culture.
The speech was filmed sometime within June 2013. Manal- Al Sharif is a woman from Saudi Arabia who advocates for women’s right to drive, male guardianship annulment. Arabian Peninsula , Automobile , Mecca 1116 Words | 3 Pages. ? Speech Analysis Throughout the le resume course of history, there have been copious amounts of famous speeches, given by many different . Essay-terrorism? people. Firefghter? From political figures to essay-terrorism sports players, these people have provided deep thoughts and great insights about who they are and the world we live in today. Speeches also play an important and powerful role in both persuading and convincing large groups of le resume people. Adolf Hitler, for example, somehow managed to persuade much of Germany to follow his beliefs, and actually. Lou Gehrig , Martin Luther King, Jr. , Orator 1577 Words | 5 Pages. Essay-terrorism? Transcendental Meditation The speech was delivered by english essay competition and the olympics, Dr. Fred Travis who presented his research advances of brain's . ability to change and adapt as a result of experience. The speech is informative because Dr.
Fred Travis uses descriptions, demonstrations, and vivid detail to explain the subject which the audience wants to essay-terrorism understand and remember. Critique the speech as follows: * Objective * Identify. Debut albums , Demonstration , Environmental enrichment 607 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetorical Analysis of resume Reagan Speech. Rhetorical Analysis on Ronald Reagan’s “Challenger” Speech While in the Oval Office of the White house, on January 28, 1986, . President Ronald Reagan delivered his speech about The Challenger Disaster. The speech was made just hours after space shuttle “Challenger” exploded during take-off, killing all seven crew members on board.
Thousands witnessed this horrifying event live in essay-terrorism person and on television. A big factor about this launch, making the explosion an even worse disaster was the fact. George H. W. Resume? Bush , Oval Office , President of the United States 1276 Words | 4 Pages. and Sweat” Winston Churchill's speech analysis The famous speech from Churchill is chosen as the subject . of the study. Essay-terrorism? Public speech , as important social-cultural phenomena, is an effective way to express feelings and convey ideas. In order to be attractive and persuasive, a successful speech should be formal and vivid at mothers should, the same time. These requirements make a public speech have its own unique style. Public speeches are formal and so as this speech “Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat”.
British Empire , Figure of speech , Phrase 980 Words | 4 Pages. Essay-terrorism? Speech analysis : Freedom or Death This speech is an argumentative discourse, pronounced by Emmeline Pankhurst, in . November 1913, to present and intensify the need that women have to keep a combative spirit in order to give their free viewpoint and being part of public affairs on American society. The analyse is how write, going to consider the historical significance of the essay-terrorism speech and it is setting up the meaning or significance of it by clarifying for what specific reasons the speech was intended. . Le Resume? Emmeline Pankhurst , Suffrage , Suffragette 1248 Words | 4 Pages. ? Data Analysis I am going to investigate the speech in this part according to the three meta-functions, with their . Essay-terrorism? various realizations; the ideational, interpersonal and letter manager textual functions. A number of examples will be given to essay-terrorism illustrate how they are used in Obama’s speech . A -The Ideational Meta-function What follows is a detailed presentation of the different types of the processes used in President Obama's speech : 1- Material Process: It constitutes the should stay at home essay total number of. Essay-terrorism? English personal pronouns , Personal pronoun , Possessive adjective 1006 Words | 6 Pages. Analysis of MLK’s I Have a Dream Speech The famous “I Have a Dream” speech delivered by Martin Luther King, Jr. Cover Letter Or Recruiter? . at essay-terrorism, the historic March in essay writing and the Washington in August 1963 effectively urged the US government to take actions and to finally set up equality between the essay-terrorism black and white people in english writing on sportsmanship and the America. Although there were many factors that contributed to essay-terrorism the success of the speech , it was primarily King’s masterly use of mothers should at home different rhetorical instruments that encouraged Kennedy and his team to essay-terrorism take further.
Allusion , Figure of speech , Gettysburg Address 1096 Words | 3 Pages. ECONOMIST DISCUSS HOW THE 2013 BUDGET SPEECH HAS ADDRESSED OR NOT ADDRESSED THE PROBLEMS OF LOW ECONOMIC GROWTH, ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION AND . UNEMPLOYMENT IN BOTSWANA ECO 322 ASSIGNMENT 2/1/2013 OFENTSE JIMMY SEEMULE ID:201000445 INTRODUCTION The budget speech is essay writing competition and the olympics, important information for the nation, and other countries, because it is essay-terrorism, able to attract both local and foreign investors, therefore it is imperative that issues addressed by le resume, the budget speech be clear, truthful and prise to. Economic growth , Economics , Economy 1723 Words | 5 Pages. Essay-terrorism? Rhetorical Analysis of Obama's Speech. Analysis of Obama's victory speech Obama's victory speech is mothers should at home, a speech that the democrat Barack . Obama held in his hometown Chicago, after being elected for president on November 4th, 2012. Chicago is where he in 2008 won his first presidential election.
When taking a starting point in the pentagon model, we know that a text (in this case a speech ) is always centered around an intention of the writer/speaker and is always dependent on the interrelationship between the topic, the writer, the reader/audience. Essay-terrorism? Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Iraq War 1091 Words | 3 Pages. How Write A Poem? Clinton's Speech Rhetorical Analysis. Zach Sabo Ms. Jessica English Class 5 November 2012 Women’s Right Are Human Rights: A Rhetorical Analysis Several decades ago, . the global women’s rights treaty was ratified by a majority of the world’s nation.
Despite its many successes in essay-terrorism advancing and english writing on sportsmanship and the olympics empowering women in relation to women’s rights, poverty, decision-making, violence against women, and other numerous issues actually still exist in all aspects of women’s life. Therefore, the 4th World Conference on Women with its unique. Essay-terrorism? Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Hillary Rodham Clinton 1603 Words | 4 Pages. Analysis of Mandela Speech Nelson Mandela was known as a civil rights leader in South Africa that fought against apartheid. . He served a numerous amount of years in le resume prison for his protests. Mandela was born July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, South Africa. Essay-terrorism? Mandela’s birth name was Rolihlahla, and he received the name Nelson from a school teacher. Mandela was a member of the Thimbu royalty, where his father was chief of the city of Mvezo. At the age of twelve his fathered died and he became a ward of. African National Congress , Frederik Willem de Klerk , Harry Schwarz 1123 Words | 3 Pages. ? Speech Analysis Worksheet Content Purpose: The purpose was to let America know that they was attacked on December 7th, 1941. . Speaker’s background knowledge: The speaker’s background knowledge was he knew more than he told people in mothers should essay his speech . People think that he provoked Japan into bombing Pearl Harbor. Essay-terrorism? Influences (traditional, cultural, historical): Historical. Listener’s background knowledge: The listener’s background knowledge was probably limited.
They probably didn’t know much. Attack on Pearl Harbor , Cordell Hull , Empire of 2011 Japan 850 Words | 5 Pages. an easy understanding of the speech in order for the complete meaning of the text to be conveyed to essay-terrorism the audience. Anwar Sadat’s: . ”statement to the Knesset 1997” intelligently captivates modern audiences, depicting values which are relevant in today’s society. Features of his speech , including inclusive language engage the audience and manager or recruiter explore values which are recurring themes throughout Sadat’s speech ; democracy, justice, peace and unity. Through this, Sadat’s speech relates to essay-terrorism my personal context. Audience , Australia , Indigenous Australians 716 Words | 4 Pages. Shelby O’Neal Bartlett English 102 November 2, 2012 Rhetorical Analysis : Ronald Reagan’s Challenger Tragedy Address “Sometimes, when we . reach for the stars, we fall short. But we must pick ourselves up again and press on despite the mothers at home pain.” The following quote was said by Ronald Reagan to 6,000 NASA employees and 4,000 guests 3 days after the space shuttle Challenger disaster occurred. Essay-terrorism? January 28th, 1986 the Challenger was taking off for its 10th mission. Approximately 73 seconds into the. Kennedy Space Center , Space accidents and incidents , Space Shuttle 1067 Words | 3 Pages.
English Composition 1301 26 May 2012 Lou Gehrig’s Farewell Speech Analysis Imagine a young boy and a poem his father going to essay-terrorism the . New York Yankees ballpark on a warm sunny day. The date is July 4, 1939 and it is Lou Gehrig appreciation day at le resume, the ballpark. Lou Gehrig had been playing major league baseball for seventeen years and is one of the most well thought of players in the game. When the boy and his father arrive at the ballpark, Lou walks to a podium and begins to talk. Without any prior warning. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Babe Ruth , Deaths from essay-terrorism, motor neurone disease 1607 Words | 4 Pages. of the political are used more often in the speech of Barack Obama, and a poem what does it mean. The enabling objectives to essay-terrorism get the research goal are . the essay following: 1) To read and analyze the essay-terrorism secondary sources on the research topic 2) To collect the empirical data 3) To implement the necessary research method 4) To create a table, showing the most frequent terms. The hypothesis is that convinced political terms are used more often in the speech of Barack Obama than other terms.
The research. Barack Obama , Qualitative research , Quantitative research 1162 Words | 4 Pages. Analysis of Edmond Burke’s Speech on how write a poem conciliation with America Edmund Burke was an essay-terrorism, advocate of reason, order, and peace. . Based on his comments in his speech he believed that as families pass down their possessions to address or recruiter their children, the crown and its privileges should also be passed down to the colonies. Although Burke was not a supporter of essay-terrorism war but he did have a fondness and prompt 2011 empathy for the colonies. Essay-terrorism? He felt that traditional ways of doing things should be preserved and a poem anything to the contrary. American Revolution , Canada , Colonialism 999 Words | 3 Pages. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/character/links/nixon_speech.html PRESIDENT NIXON'S RESIGNATION SPEECH August 8, 1974 Good evening. This is . the 37th time I have spoken to you from essay-terrorism, this office, where so many decisions have been made that shaped the history of essay prompt this Nation. Each time I have done so to discuss with you some matter that I believe affected the national interest.
In all the decisions I have made in my public life, I have always tried to essay-terrorism do what was best for the Nation. Throughout the. George H. W. Bush , Gerald Ford , Jimmy Carter 2153 Words | 5 Pages. career choice you would like to explore. Audience: Your peers and mothers should stay at home essay teacher. Requirements: < Prepared speech of 3-6 minutes < . Essay-terrorism? Visual support of argument-must be large enough to be seen by all in audience (see chapter 14) < Dress for your presentation < MLA works cited page with at least 4 reliable sources supporting argument-no content farms < 1 page typed analysis of your rhetorical choices: purpose, choice of topic, relevance and effect of visual, relevance and effect of. Choice , Dress , Logic 509 Words | 3 Pages. Stylistic Analysis of Obama’s Inaugural Speech. Stylistic Analysis of Obama’s Inaugural Speech Abstract Higher level English learners always pay attention to mothers at home English public . speech , especially those inaugural speeches. They take them as fine literary efforts and good analysis material. This paper tries to give an analysis of Obama’s inaugural speech from essay-terrorism, stylistic perspective, in order to help to better appreciate Obama’s presentation skills. Keywords: stylistics, syntactic, lexics, rhetoric Barack Hussein Obama was elected to essay on sportsmanship be the.
Barack Obama , Grammar , Imperative mood 1793 Words | 5 Pages. Essay-terrorism? A Brief Speech Analysis of Shirley Chisholm. Brief Speech Analysis of Shirley Chisholm Abstract This essay is a brief evaluation of the should stay at home essay speeches given in the documentary . of Shirley Chisholm. The tools used to analyze the speeches are identified throughout the paper. It concludes an analysis of the introduction, body, conclusion, language, and delivery. The accomplishments of essay-terrorism these tools are discussed to give an overall evaluation. The sources used to manager or recruiter identify the tools are internet and non internet based to conclude the analysis . Keywords. Black people , United States 1319 Words | 4 Pages. particular group; it can be used as a form of political warfare. The most commonly used propaganda devices are, Name Calling, Glittering Generalities, . Essay-terrorism? Transfer, Testimonial, Plain Folk’s, Card Stacking, and prompt the Band Wagon device.
In Obama’s 2012 Acceptance Speech , we can recognize that he uses different strategies like The Plain Folk’s, where he appears like regular people, then, Glittering Generalities, which appeals to essay-terrorism our emotions, Inflated Language, where things aren’t more than what they seem, and jumping. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Emotion 2010 Words | 5 Pages. Burkean Analysis of Colin Powell Speech. Burkean Analysis of Colin Powell’s Dropout Prevention Speech Name George Mason University COMM200 March 5, 2012 . Abstract This paper is a Burkean analysis of a speech given by Colin Powell at the launch of the America’s Promise Alliance’s Dropout Prevention campaign. Elements of Burke’s Dramatism theories are used to evaluate the effectiveness of english essay and the Colonel Powell’s speech . Burkean Analysis of Colin Powell’s Dropout Prevention Speech Rhetoric as the art of persuasion was a key concept. America's Promise , Audience , Colin Powell 937 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetorical Analysis of essay-terrorism Jfk's Innaugural Speech. Rhetorical Analysis of a poem President John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Speech By D. Essay-terrorism? Collins RHETORICAL ANALYSIS OF JFK . INAUGURAL Page 2 On a cold wintry Friday, the 21st day of January in 1961, President John F. To Hiring? Kennedy gave his inaugural speech after Chief Justice Earl Warren had sworn him in essay-terrorism as the le resume thirty-fifth President of the United States. Excerpts from this famous speech have been echoed in various sound bites and classrooms since the. Essay-terrorism? Cold War , Dwight D. How Write? Eisenhower , John F. Kennedy 1038 Words | 3 Pages. of his speech praises what the founding fathers did for essay-terrorism this country, his speech soon develops into le resume, a condemnation of the . Essay-terrorism? attitude of American society toward slavery.
Douglass begins his speech by competition, addressing Mr. President, Friends and Fellow Citizens. Here, he is likely addressing the essay-terrorism president of the writing olympics Anti-Slavery Society — not the essay-terrorism president of the United States. It is noteworthy that Douglass considers himself a citizen, an equal to the spectators in attendance. Throughout this speech , as well. Abolitionism , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 1267 Words | 4 Pages. successful because of the various rhetorical devices that he employed throughout the speech . These devices used include contrasts, three part . lists, antithesis, alliteration and bold imagery. The devices emphasized the fact that Kennedy was campaigning for better freedom for not only the people of the United States of America, but also the people in competition on sportsmanship and the the neighbouring lands. During the opening line of essay-terrorism his speech , John F Kennedy addresses his peers in english essay writing competition on sportsmanship and the government, reciting a list of the important figures. Appeal , Cold War , Franklin D. Roosevelt 822 Words | 3 Pages. ?Bono's speech at the Harvard University Bono, the essay-terrorism lead singer of the how write famous rock band U2, gave a speech at essay-terrorism, the Harvard . University on June 6th, 2001. Bono focused on the world’s primary problems.
Bono tries to convince the students at Harvard University, that the world has some issues that someone should take care of. In the beginning of Bono’s speech , Ethos is used to get reliance from the audience. He begins describing himself; “I am a singer and a songwriter but I am also a father, four times. Audience , Derek Bok , Drew Gilpin Faust 913 Words | 3 Pages. States of America in english essay and the 19th century. Essay-terrorism? It’s the firefghter President Abraham Lincoln famous Gettysburg address. One of the essay-terrorism main points for address cover letter manager or recruiter Lincoln when he giving this . speech is to persuade both union and confederate (two different sides during the civil war) citizens to come join together to essay-terrorism create the new equal and justice United States. Usf Application Essay? This persuasion speech made me known why many people saw him as the great man. He did not antagonize, nor did he show disrespect to essay-terrorism the dead, even those who fought for the Confederacy.
Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Battle of Gettysburg 1022 Words | 3 Pages. Obama states in his speech , “More than 2,000 of how write our fellow citizen, struck down, often because they were just going about their daily round.” . (par. 6). It was the Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting on December 14, 2012 the triggered Obama to first take major action on gun control. President Obama on essay-terrorism the 16th January 2013 signed 23 executive orders all regarding gun control and urged congress make serious changes to that involving not only guns but also ammunition. This speech actually took place. Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Democratic Party 1706 Words | 5 Pages. Firefghter Resume? them that a personal piece of art, whether it be a painting, a novel or a movie, is different than all the rest. Essay-terrorism? Rhetoricians create an author’s idea, their . own unique perception of reality, for a vast and diverse viewing audience. The Kings Speech is a movie about talking, and the importance of talking well.
The way humans communicate is really the most important challenge we face in our everyday lives. Speaking is firefghter, hugely important on an intimate, personal level; when the task is to interact. Duke of York , Edward VIII of the United Kingdom , George IV of the United Kingdom 1766 Words | 5 Pages. June 12, 1987, standing upon a pillar gazing toward a West German crowd, President Reagan began to deliver a monumentally paramount speech . As . he stood in the midst of alternating German and American flags, armed with a podium with a single microphone, President Reagan’s began to essay-terrorism speak. While knowing every eye of the world was bearing down on him, the remarks he delivered at the Brandenburg Gate were a valiantly majestic attempt to burn down the evils of the Soviet Union, and from the ashes allow. Berlin Wall , Cold War , Eastern Bloc 1179 Words | 3 Pages. Bush’s speech is to justify his future military actions and to unite the Americans by appealing to their emotions. Bush used a variety of . Usf Application Essay Prompt? emotive language and stylistic devices to express his concern over the incident for the audience. Content and essay-terrorism Theme Firstly, Bush structured this speech is very small paragraphs. When he delivered the speech he speaks very slowly and le resume never speaks more than 6 sentences at a time.
Also, he pauses very often to allow the audience to clap for his speech . This. 2003 invasion of essay-terrorism Iraq , Al-Qaeda , George W. Bush 1380 Words | 4 Pages. Prompt 2011? legislation through Congress to establish the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO).In this speech , the essay-terrorism purpose Lyndon B. Johnson outlines his . vision and goals for The Great Society, a massive web of government programs and legislation aimed at societal improvement and progress. Resume? This speech was given during the University of essay-terrorism Michigan's graduation commencement ceremony on May 22, 1964 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The speech that was delivered was persuasive, however the intended audience (college graduates). Commencement speech , Graduation , John F. English Essay On Sportsmanship? Kennedy 1508 Words | 4 Pages. Antigone-Analysis of essay-terrorism Creon's speech. introduced through his opening speech in le resume the First Episode and essay-terrorism how does this speech create tension? After the war between . How Write? Oedipus’ two sons Eteocles and essay-terrorism Polyneices killed both brothers, Creon, their uncle, ascended to the throne as the english essay competition and the nearest kinsman. Essay-terrorism? This speech is Creon’s first as king and its main aims are to explain his legitimacy, outline his political ideals and essay writing and the olympics justify his proclamation regarding the treatment of Polyneices.
Being an astute speaker, Creon’s speech contained effective usage of. Creon , Eteocles , Grammatical person 1342 Words | 4 Pages. Oklahoma City. The explosion caused massive damage to the building and essay-terrorism killed 168 people, 19 of whom were children (Rosenburg, 2011). On April 23, four days . after the bombing, President Bill Clinton addressed the public and how write a poem gave an effective, excellent speech . The overall goal of the essay-terrorism message was to should stay appropriately respond to the Oklahoma City bombing, support the ones who lost loved ones, and address what America as a nation should do to keep this from happening again. This goal was achieved through these. Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 , Bill Clinton , Democratic Party 1957 Words | 5 Pages. Martin Luther King's speech I Have a Dream delivered on essay-terrorism August 28, 1963 is said to be the resume greatest demonstration of essay-terrorism America's history.
Dr. . Resume? King intended to appeal to both black and white audiences through his inspirational speech . Written in a persuasive, stylistic manner, he used strong diction to call for essay-terrorism a change in how write a poem the nation, doing so without violence. He successfully combined the use of repetition, word choice and figurative language in his speech to connect to his audience and set the. Essay-terrorism? African American , Black people , Emancipation Proclamation 1033 Words | 3 Pages. Prompt? throughout a day. Cultivation Analysis This theory argues that television (and other media) plays an extremely important role in essay-terrorism how people . view their world. According to resume Cultivation Analysis , in modern Culture most people get much of their information in a mediated fashion rather than through direct experience. Thus, mediated sources can shape people’s sense of essay-terrorism reality. This is especially the cover letter to hiring case with regard to violence, according to the theory.
Cultivation Analysis posits that heavy television. Cognitive dissonance , Communication , Communication theory 1948 Words | 7 Pages. Essay-terrorism? An Analysis of Kurt Fearnley's Speech. of resume issues regarding poverty, depression and illness, however, rarely am I confronted with issues regarding Australians with disabilities. Unfortunately, I am . not alone. Paralympic gold medallist, Kurt Fearnley presents an uncomfortably confronting speech on Australia a day addressing the lack of care and attention that Australia as a society has shown to essay-terrorism its disabled community. Fearnley uses rhetoric conventions to invoke responses, such as sympathy, within his Australian audience towards the disabled.
Australia , Disability 1148 Words | 3 Pages. Mothers At Home Essay? Curriculum Vitae Anwar Aurangzeb Khan B.Sc Engineer(Civil) E-mail: . [email protected] GSM: +96897256098 …………………………………………………………………… Professional Experience: Name of the Employer : Azri Architects Engineering Consultancy, Oman. Resident Engineer : From 1st September’2012 to present. ? Project- Construction of Office Buiding for MZEC: Continuing work to prepare office building for. Academic degree , Building , Civil engineering 599 Words | 5 Pages. Hector’s Distain of Paris’ Actions For many years the Trojans and essay-terrorism Achaeans have spent their time fighting and being at odds with one another and the root . of it all is one man-Paris. Hector makes a speech to his brother Paris condemning his actions for cowering away at the sight of Menelaus on address cover the battlefield. Through Hector’s word choice one is able to essay-terrorism detect the tone that he is to how write be speaking in and what emotions he is feeling. As an older brother and citizen of Troy, Hector is trying to make. Essay-terrorism? Deiphobus , Greek mythology , Helen 1038 Words | 3 Pages. Prompt 2011? Merchant of Venice Speech Analysis. house, and he is trying to choose the casket with Portia's picture in it. If he chooses the right casket, he will get to marry Portia and essay-terrorism gain all of her . How Write A Poem? wealth as well.
In the beginning of his speech , Bassanio is reacting to essay-terrorism the song that is being sung by one of Portia's servants. As he gives his speech , we are captivated by his many metaphors and by the suspense of his words. The entire time he is usf application 2011, speaking, we wonder which casket he will ultimately choose. Before this scene, Portia explained. Casket , Coffin , The Next Line 1145 Words | 3 Pages. complemented with an essay-terrorism, assurance that all that he says is of the truth. He also uses irony to convey his message. Throughout his speech he . frequently addresses Brutus and his fellow conspirators to be “honorable men.” The repetition of this phrase soon becomes a sort of firefghter resume subtle derogatory statement towards Brutus and the other conspirators, bringing down the credibility of Brutus’s speech and the conspirators as whole. After establishing a firm position by gaining the attention of the essay-terrorism crowd, Marc Antony begins. Ancient Rome , Augustus , Julius Caesar 1072 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetorical Analysis Chief Seneca Speech.
McIntyre Drake Writing 50 September 20, 2013 Chief Seneca Speech Analysis Chief Red Jacket recognized that Seneca culture was . in le resume jeopardy due to missionaries successfully converting some of his people, and essay-terrorism decided to take necessary measures to salvage his peoples’ culture. Competition? Many aspects of the Seneca life had already been exploited, as the colonists continually took their land. In Chief Red Jacket’s address to missionaries he crafts a compelling speech that uses language masterfully to create a backhanded. Christian denomination , Christianity , England 1219 Words | 5 Pages. King's Speech Behavioural Analysis. King’s Speech Anti-Pygmalion Importance of communication Berty - OCEAN • • • Agreeableness low – – – – – – – – – Very hesitant to essay-terrorism go to . lionel Asked not to smoke but he doesn’t listen He could have spoilt his life like his brother, but he was meticulous throughout his life Was loyal to how write a poem his wife Never broke down in front of the crowd. Ended all his speeches no matter how bad they were INTERNAL LOCUS OF CONTROL Never blamed anyone else for the situation that he was in EMOTIONAL DISSONANCE SURFACE.
Big Five personality traits , Leadership , Locus of control 456 Words | 3 Pages. incoming President in his inaugural address fervently exhorted the people to abide by the forthcoming decision, whatever it might be. Then, in a few days, . came the decision. The reputed author of the essay-terrorism Nebraska Bill finds an early occasion to make a speech at this capital indorsing the bred Scott Decision, and vehemently denouncing all opposition to it. The new President, too, seizes the early occasion of the Silliman letter to firefghter indorse and strongly construe that decision, and to express his astonishment. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Dred Scott 1314 Words | 4 Pages. Analysis of Fdr's First Inaugual Speech. Essay-terrorism? ANALYSIS OF FDR’S INAUGURAL SPEECH During the time of President's Roosevelt's First Inaugural Address in early 1933, the United . States was still feeling the horrible shock and disappointments the Great Depression brought about.
In addition, the rest of the world, especially Europe was also suffering from the outcome of the Great Depression, since the US immediately demanded that foreign debts be paid. Other world issues included Europe still dealing with the aftermath of World War I in a revolutionary. Stay? Adolf Hitler , Franklin D. Essay-terrorism? Roosevelt , Herbert Hoover 839 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis: Writing and Othello S Speech. negative, focusing on his pride and jealousy as fatal flaws. Robert Hapgood (1966) has described Othello as excessively self-righteous and judgemental and . argued that the play should make viewers wary of their own tendencies to judge. A Poem? Focusing his analysis on the play's structure, Larry S. Essay-terrorism? Champion (1973) has written that Shakespeare's economy of design centers attention on the destruction of character resulting from a lack of self-knowledge, … which is the consequence of the essay vanity of one's insistence. Desdemona , Essay , Iago 1562 Words | 4 Pages. scholar should rely on essay-terrorism oneself to le resume make advancements and not be dependent on others. Emerson uses methods of argumentation, literary elements, and essay-terrorism Romantic . and Transcendental elements to convey the message of how write a poem self-reliance.
First, throughout the speech , Emerson uses methods of argumentation, particularly deductive and inductive reasoning. He begins his deductive reasoning by saying: “Young men of the fairest promise, who begin life upon our shores, inflated by the mountain winds, shined upon by. Deductive reasoning , Inductive reasoning , Logic 838 Words | 3 Pages. Dato’ Seri Anwar Ibrahim was born in essay-terrorism Cherok Tok Kun, a village on the mainland side of the northern Malaysian state of Penang, to an Indian . Firefghter? Muslim hospital porter, Ibrahim Abdul Rahman (later to essay-terrorism join politics and retire as Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Health) and Che Yan, a housewife (and later UMNO politician). He was educated at University of Malaya, where he read Malay Studies. Prior to that, he took his secondary education at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar. From 1968 to 1971.
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lotus sutra essay Taigen Dan Leighton. Paper for an academic conference on Discourse and essay-terrorism Rhetoric in the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism Version with full diacritical marks available from [email protected] In this essay I will discuss aspects of Zen Master Dogen's appropriation and english essay competition on sportsmanship and the olympics use of the essay-terrorism, Lotus Sutra , as it is expressed in his rhetorical style. Dogen quotes the mothers at home essay, Lotus Sutra (from the Kumarajiva version) far more than any other sutra. This might seem reasonably expectable, since Dogen was first ordained as a monk in the Tendai school, which continued to essay-terrorism, see the Lotus as the preeminent sutra, even as it incorporated and attempted to synthesize a whole range of Buddhist teachings. However, while prominent Kamakura innovators, Eisai, Dogen, Honen, Shinran, and Nichiren all had been Tendai monks, they vary greatly in their subsequent application of the resume, Lotus Sutra . The Lotus is the fundamental object of devotion for Nichiren, but is scarcely mentioned explicitly by Shinran (although it might be discerned as part of the background of Shin thought).
The situation of Dogen's use of the essay-terrorism, Lotus Sutra in how write, his teachings is more complex. The Lotus has been commonly perceived as tangential to essay-terrorism, Dogen, and to Japanese Soto Zen generally. For example, in discussing another great Soto literary figure from the eighteenth century, Ryokan, who also favored the Lotus Sutra , Ryuichi Abe says, Although Ryokan appears to have remained faithful to the religious ideals of his Soto progenitor Dogen, there was nothing sectarian about Ryokan's Buddhist practice. Among the numerous Buddhist scriptures, the Lotus Sutra popular text not particularly emphasized in traditional training but the essential scripture of the Tendai and Nichiren schools was by 2011 far his favorite. While the Lotus is certainly not nearly as important to Dogen or Soto as it is to Nichiren, Ryokan's great appreciation for it is revealing of the lingering appropriation of the essay-terrorism, Lotus Sutra in Soto, an appreciation and how write a poem usage that does go back to the Japanese Soto founder. Dogen widely cites and interprets many doctrinal elements from the Lotus Sutra in his teachings. Along with his many direct allusions to the parables from the essay-terrorism, sutra, Dogen frequently refers to specific Lotus teachings. A Poem! Examples are skillful means ( hoben ); the single cause for essay-terrorism buddhas' appearing in le resume, the world, i.e. to bring suffering beings onto the path of awakening; and that only a Buddha together with a Buddha can fully fathom the fundamental truth.
While these teachings are not completely unique to the Lotus among Mahayana sutras, Dogen discusses them using direct quotes from the Lotus Sutra . Dogen also often discusses or critiques teachings commonly linked to the Lotus Sutra in Heian and Kamakura Buddhism, such as the essay-terrorism, importance of fundamental enlightenment (hongaku); and realization of address cover manager or recruiter buddhahood in this very body (sokushin jobutsu). Dogen's use of the essay-terrorism, Lotus Sutra text is necessarily affected by the contemporary readings of the Lotus in Tendai and other Japanese understandings, a complex subject beyond the scope for how write this limited essay to essay-terrorism, detail. A discussion of all the a poem, numerous direct references to the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's writings is also far beyond the scope of this essay. But to mention briefly one of the most prominent examples, in his Shobogenzo essay Hokke-Ten-Hokke The Lotus Dharma Turns the Lotus Dharma, Dogen discusses and elaborates his view of the liberative reality of the phenomenal world, which Dogen interprets as a primary teaching of the essay-terrorism, Lotus Sutra . Dogen expresses this interpretation in various ways. The Hokke-Ten-Hokke essay begins with the statement that, The contents of the lands in ten directions are the sole existence of the Lotus Dharma. In various writings, Dogen creatively reads and letter manager interprets parts of the Lotus Sutra such as the stories in chapters fifteen and essay-terrorism sixteen about the firefghter resume, underground bodhisattvas immanently present and available for the world, and the inconceivable life-span, and continuing presence in the world, of Shakyamuni Buddha. Essay-terrorism! These are among the Lotus Sutra supports for Dogen's teaching about the active agency of the phenomenal world in the process and practice of Buddhist awakening. This interpretation and appropriation of the Lotus teaching as essentially immanent and located in the phenomenal world is not only english writing competition olympics important to Dogen's philosophy, but is essay-terrorism, also relevant to Dogen's style of expression, as will be described in what follows in this essay. In line with Dogen's many references, the Lotus Sutra also retains a significant place in Soto liturgy, albeit far less central than in Nichiren Buddhism. How Write A Poem! Even today in essay-terrorism, many Japanese Soto Zen temples, the verse endings to the sutra's chapter sixteen on the Buddha's Inconceivable Life-span (Juryohonge), or to chapter twenty-five on le resume, Kannon Bodhisattva (Fumonbonge), are chanted daily. But instead of the essay-terrorism, sutra's doctrinal or liturgical applications, I will limit the scope of this essay to examining some of the ways in how write a poem, which Dogen's style of discourse and rhetoric, as seen in essay-terrorism, his Eihei Koroku as well as in Shobogenzo , resonate with his interpretations of aspects of the essay prompt, Lotus Sutra . My point is not at all to claim that the Lotus Sutra is the single most important source for Dogen; obviously there are many traditions from which Dogen borrows.
Much of the Chinese Ch'an tradition is the essay-terrorism, central lexicon for Dogen, especially the classical koan literature, as well as closer Tsao-tung lineage forebears such as Hung-chih Cheng-chŸeh and T'ien-t'ung Ju-ching. In Dogen and the Koan Tradition, Steven Heine has masterfully demonstrated how Dogen's writings serve to develop and elaborate the koan genre. Dogen also makes ample use of the Japanese poetic tradition, as invoked in Yasunari Kawabata's appreciation of Dogen as a poet in 2011, Kawabata's 1968 Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Essay-terrorism! Dogen's indebtedness to this poetic tradition has been further traced in Heine's The Zen Poetry of Dogen . Dogen certainly further appropriated the Chinese monastic tradition as a major basis for his praxis, and training program. But Dogen's utilization of Mahayana discourse, especially as developed in the Lotus, should also be considered as one of the fundamental backgrounds for viewing Dogen's teaching as a whole. I believe that further inquiries into various aspects of their interrelationship will be illuminating to both Dogen and Lotus Sutra studies. But this present essay focuses on Dogen's borrowing aspects of its rhetorical style, based on his own interpretation of the Lotus. The essay proceeds with a discussion of the Lotus Sutra style of proclamatory rhetoric. The Self-Referential Lotus. The Lotus Sutra itself frequently emphasizes the importance of and rewards for english writing on sportsmanship and the olympics the reading, copying, and reciting of the Lotus Sutra . To be sure, other Mahayana sutras talk about the merit to be derived by essay-terrorism recalling or copying the sutra being read. However, the essay prompt 2011, Lotus Sutra at times seems to hold this self-referential quality at essay-terrorism, its center, such that it promotes an extreme mode of self-referential discourse that is unique to the Lotus Sutra . The sutra often speaks of the how write a poem, wondrous nature of the Lotus Sutra , right in the text commonly referred to as the Lotus Sutra . This rhetorical device can become startling and mind-twisting, like Escher's painting of two hands drawing each other.
Various important figures in essay-terrorism, the sutra appear within the text of the Lotus Sutra because they have heard that the Lotus Sutra is currently being preached by Shakyamuni Buddha on Vulture Peak. For example, in chapter eleven, the stupa of the ancient Buddha Prabhutaratna emerges from the earth and usf application 2011 floats in essay-terrorism, mid-air, because he has vowed always to appear whenever the Lotus Sutra is cover manager, preached. In the same chapter, myriad bodhisattvas arrive from essay-terrorism world systems in all directions, in should at home essay, order to praise the Buddha for essay-terrorism preaching this sutra in address cover letter or recruiter, which they are appearing. This quality of the sutra talking about the sutra, and essay-terrorism especially its many references to the Lotus Sutra as something expounded many ages ago, as about to be expounded, or even as hopefully to resume, be expounded in the distant future, has led some commentators to observe that the whole text of essay-terrorism this sutra, more than any others, is prompt, a preface to a missing scripture. As George and Willa Tanabe say: The preaching of the essay-terrorism, Lotus sermon promised in the first chapter never takes place. The text, so full of merit, is about a discourse which is essay, never delivered; it is a lengthy preface without a book. The Lotus Sutra is thus unique among texts. It is not merely subject to essay-terrorism, various interpretations, as all texts are, but is open or empty at its very center. 
This is a plausible perspective or interpretation. The text does refer, in stay at home, third person, to a designated text that one might keep vainly waiting for, as if for Godot. However, this perspective misses the manner in essay-terrorism, which the Lotus sermon certainly does exist. Fundamental messages of the Lotus, such as the One Vehicle and the primacy of the Buddha vehicle, are difficult to miss, even if they might be interpreted in various manners. But furthermore, between the lines the Lotus Sutra functions within itself both as a sacred text or scripture, and as a commentary and guidebook to its own use, beyond the literal confines of its own written text.
The Lotus Sutra is itself a sacred manifestation of spiritual awakening that proclaims its own sacrality. Right within the text's proclamation of the wonders of a text with the le resume, same name as itself, the text celebrates its own ephemeral quality with the visionary splendors of its assembly of buddhas, bodhisattvas, and spirits, and essay-terrorism with the engaging qualities of its parables. The synthesis of the immanent spirit spoken about in the text, and the text's own intended functioning as an a poem, instrument or skillful catalyst to spark awakening, has been carried on among its followers. Essay-terrorism! This is exemplified in the varieties of Nichiren Buddhism in that they are rooted and focused in devotion to the Lotus Sutra itself as a sacred manifestation, and devotional object, which they are committed to proclaiming and promulgating. But for Dogen, the mothers should, self-proclamation of the dharma in the Lotus Sutra becomes an aspect of his rhetorical style, rather than an externalized objectification. In similar manner to the sutra's proclamations of the wondrous qualities of the essay-terrorism, Lotus Dharma, Dogen in his writings commonly proclaims the wondrous nature of the Dharma, the Buddha, the many buddha ancestors, previous proclamations or utterances by ancestral teachers, and of course the Lotus Sutra itself. Dogen's style of discourse is how write a poem, usually not explanatory, discursive, or logical in the linear manner of modern rationality or cognition.
Rather, Dogen seemingly free-associates, making illuminating connections based on doctrinal themes or imagistic motifs, aimed at proclaiming the non-dual reality of the present phenomenal world as fully imbued with the presence of the Buddha and of the ongoing possibility of awakening. A clear encapsulation of the Lotus Sutra 's self-proclamatory discourse strategy appears in volume one of essay-terrorism Dogen's Eihei Koroku in english essay competition on sportsmanship and the, two consecutive jodo, or dharma discourses, numbers 69 and 70, given in 1241. Jodo number 69 reads in its entirety: [Dogen] said: Today this mountain monk [Dogen] gives a dharma discourse for essay-terrorism the assembly. What I have just said I offer to all the three treasures in the ten directions, to the twenty-eight Ancestors in India, to the six Ancestors in China, to all the nostrils under heaven, to a poem, the eyeballs throughout the past and present, to dried shitsticks, to essay-terrorism, three pounds of resume sesame, to essay-terrorism, Zen boards, and to zafus. Previously we offered incense for the limitless excellent causal conditions, and we dedicate it so that toads may leap up to Brahma's heaven, earthworms may traverse the eastern ocean, and letter to hiring or recruiter clouds and essay-terrorism water monks may become horses and cows. All buddhas, ten directions, three times; All honored ones, bodhisattva mahasattvas; Mahaprajnaparamita. Here Dogen states that he is le resume, proclaiming a jodo. But immediately, without saying anything more about the dharma, he dedicates that statement itself to essay-terrorism, the three jewels, the mothers at home, ancestral teachers, to meditation paraphernalia, and to essay-terrorism, famed Ch'an iconoclastic expressions for Buddha, Yun-men's dried shitstick (or dry turd) and cover to hiring manager or recruiter his disciple Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's three pounds of sesame (or flax). He then further dedicates the essay-terrorism, incense offering, which had preceded the statement that he was now making a statement, to toads, earthworms, and monks who manifest as horses and cows, followed by the traditional concluding liturgical dedication. He thereby declares the manager, intention of the dedication for all beings, no matter how humble. As in the Lotus Sutra , there is no visible dharma expressed except for the celebration via proclamation of a non-explicit dharma. But then, in the following jodo, number 70, Dogen explicitly comments on his own use of self-referential dharma, while engaging even further in celebrating an unexpressed dharma. We do not know how many days may have separated the two discourses.
In this section of the text, between the jodos that can be dated and which are four months apart, there were an average of two discourse per week. But whatever the interval, it is clear in the overall text of Eihei Koroku that the different discourses, recorded chronologically with only very rare exceptions, are often linked sequentially through the associations of theme, imagery, ancestral figures, or textual allusion. Jodo number 70 says: [Dogen] said: As this mountain monk [Dogen] today gives a dharma discourse, all buddhas in the three times also today give a dharma discourse. The Ancestral teachers in all generations also today give a dharma discourse. The one who bears the sixteen-foot golden body gives a dharma discourse. The one endowed with the essay-terrorism, wondrous function of the hundred grasses (all things) gives a dharma discourse. English Writing On Sportsmanship And The Olympics! Already together having given a dharma discourse, what dharma has been expounded? No other dharma is essay-terrorism, expressed; but this very dharma is expressed. What is this dharma?
It is upheld within Shang-lan Temple; it is upheld within Kuan-yin Temple; it is upheld within the monks' hall; it is mothers should stay, upheld within the buddha hall. Again, Dogen never talks about the content of his dharma discourse. But he proclaims that his own act of proclaiming this self-referencing dharma is echoed simultaneously in the discourses of the ancestral teachers and buddhas, just as the essay-terrorism, proclamation of the Lotus Sutra is echoed in mothers stay at home essay, various buddha realms, in various times. Then Dogen asks the essay-terrorism, same question that the 2011, Tanabes ask about the Lotus Sutra , What dharma has been expounded? And Dogen answers unabashedly, No other dharma is expressed; but this very dharma is expressed. Essay-terrorism! What is this dharma? While not explaining or even stating the address cover or recruiter, content of essay-terrorism this dharma, his phrase, This very (shako) dharma, might seem to refer to usf application, the teaching of suchness, or tathata, but it is also simply just this dharma, as opposed to that one. Thereby Dogen emphasizes not an essay-terrorism, abstraction, but the concreteness of phenomenal reality as the resume, realm of essay-terrorism dharma.
Then Dogen does declare and affirm that this non-explicit teaching is upheld in the context of the temples and the buildings where the practice is carried on. The example in these two jodos of Dogen's proclamation of a non-explicit dharma is presented in a direct and concise manner, as appropriate to the often brief declarations of the jodo form. But this rhetorical strategy recurs, more or less subtly, in many places throughout Shobogenzo , as well as in letter manager, Eihei Koroku . That Dogen is adapting this rhetorical posture at least in part directly from the Lotus Sutra is clearly evidenced by another early jodo in the Eihei Koroku , number 24, given in 1240. In the entire universe in ten directions there is no dharma at all that has not yet been expounded by all buddhas in essay-terrorism, the three times. Therefore all buddhas say, In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. This great assembly present before me also is practicing the Way in the manner of all buddhas. Each movement, each stillness is not other than the dharma of all buddhas, so do not act carelessly or casually.
Although this is the case, I have an expression that has not yet been expounded by address cover any buddha. Everyone, do you want to discern it? After a pause [Dogen] said: In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the essay-terrorism, dharma without differentiations. In this dharma discourse Dogen again does not elaborate on the content of the dharma expounded by a poem all buddhas in the three times, except to aver that it is no other than every movement, and every stillness, and is practiced by essay-terrorism the monks at firefghter, Eiheiji. Significant to the point of essay-terrorism this essay is the context of this quote mentioned by Dogen from Sakyamuni Buddha, In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. This statement that Dogen uses to express the at home, inexplicit dharma proclaimed by essay-terrorism all buddhas is english essay competition on sportsmanship, from the Lotus Sutra , chapter two on Skillful Means. Dogen further emphasizes this quote when he repeats it verbatim as his own expression for essay-terrorism the inexplicit dharma, which he claims, Has not yet been expounded by any buddha. Mothers At Home! But saying it has not previously been expounded is tantamount to Dogen himself preaching the original Lotus Sutra , or to his own manifestation as the Buddha in the Lotus text in which it is essay-terrorism, first expounded. There are ample examples of response with silence, or of indirect or inexplicit Dharma proclamation within the on sportsmanship and the, Ch'an literature that is Dogen's primary lexicon. Essay-terrorism! Yet the Lotus Sutra referent for this 1240 jodo about expounding the dharma clearly demonstrates that Dogen himself saw the Lotus Sutra , expounded by all buddhas in english essay competition on sportsmanship, the three times, as an important source for this self-proclamatory rhetorical style of expounding. Further studies of any references to the Lotus Sutra in the development of early Ch'an rhetorical styles might be informative.
But it is apparent that Dogen himself saw the Lotus as one model for a non-dualistic, inexplicit discourse approach. The Self-Reflexive as a Skillful Mode. In The Karma of essay-terrorism Words, William LaFleur discusses the sophisticated nature of the how write, Lotus Sutra as literature, and its impact in medieval Japanese poetics. The surprising feature of [the parables] in the Lotus is that they are simultaneously the vehicle and essay-terrorism the tenor of that vehicle. In a very important sense, the parables of the Lotus are about the role and status of parabolic speech itself. They are what I would call self-reflexive allegory; that is, their trajectory of discourse behaves like a boomerang. Much like the dharma described in a crucial section of the hoben chapter, they are characterized by resume the absolute identity [or equality] of their beginning and end. LaFleur's analysis of essay-terrorism this realm of discourse in the Lotus Sutra focuses on its radical nondualism, and firefghter its embodiment of skillful means. This standpoint of nondualism represents interpretations of the Lotus Sutra developed in essay-terrorism, T'ien-t'ai and in Japanese Buddhism prior to Dogen, and mothers should which impacted the medieval literature LaFleur examines.
From such a nondualistic viewpoint, LaFleur suggests translating hoben as modes rather than the more common translations of skillful or expedient means. Hurvitz translates hoben as expedient devices, and Watson translates it as expedient means, both implying a dualistic, and essay-terrorism even manipulative, aspect of the teaching, especially when rendered as devices. Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka translate it as tactfulness, which implies more consideration and inclusivity, but might still be seen as implying a hierarchy of the teachings. The upaya (or hoben ) doctrine is a problematic aspect in the Lotus Ekayana One Vehicle teaching. The Lotus at times has been upheld, within the sutra itself as well as by some of its followers, for example in address manager or recruiter, the T'ien-t'ai p'an-chiao system, as the supreme epitome of the One Vehicle. In this perspective other teachings and scriptures may be seen as merely expedient, provisional (and therefore inferior) teachings that might be included in the One Vehicle as a kind of dharmic noblesse oblige. Such a view of essay-terrorism upaya implies a hierarchy of teachings, and even a manipulative use of them. Unquestionably the Lotus Sutra lends itself, and how write often explicitly encourages, a political, polemical reading in which the Lotus, and those who preach it, represent the True Dharma, and those who follow provisional, expedient teachings exemplify the chaff, inimical to the full teaching. On the other hand, the alternate mode of reading the essay-terrorism, teaching of upaya, as championed by LaFleur, implies a radically nondualistic inclusivity, and an acceptance of all helpful teachings as simply a diversity of modes. Portions of the Lotus Sutra do indeed lend themselves to this alternate, more tolerant and inclusive reading of usf application essay prompt 2011 hoben . For example, in chapter five the parable of the Dharma rain falling universally on all implies no discrimination against essay-terrorism any of the many plants that are equally nourished, each growing in their own way.
Applied as appropriate to mothers should stay, the diversity of needs of suffering beings, all teaching modes might be equally beneficial to the ultimate purpose for buddhas' manifestation, as proclaimed in the upaya chapter: By resort to numberless devices and to various means, parables, and phrases do [buddhas] proclaim the dharmas, . Essay-terrorism! . . for one great cause appearing in the world, . . . to cause beings to hear the Buddha's knowledge, . . . to cause the beings to understand, . Le Resume! . . to cause the beings to essay-terrorism, enter the a poem, path. Such an inclusive reading of hoben might be usefully appropriated to modern concerns of religious pluralism, which may be LaFleur's subtext. Essay-terrorism! But LaFleur's reading also has implications to resume, styles of discourse, the primary issue under consideration here. LaFleur sees the essay-terrorism, sutra's primary liberative purpose and its various skillful modes expressed nondualistically as exactly the reason for the sutra's self-referential discourse style. Usf Application Essay Prompt! In his reading: The narratives of the Lotus are not a means to an end beyond themselves. Essay-terrorism! Their concrete mode of expression is not chaff to be dispensed with in order to attain a more abstract, rational, or spiritual truth. The Lotus is unequivocal on stay, this point: One may seek in every one of the essay-terrorism, ten directions but will find no mode [ hoben ] other than the Buddha's. This accounts for what may seem to be an inordinate amount of praise directed by the sutra toward itself. It also implies that within the sutra there is an unmistakable philosophical move opposite to that in Plato's Republic, a move to affirm the english essay writing on sportsmanship and the, complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in spite of the essay-terrorism, fact that they are impermanent. This common Japanese association of the Lotus Sutra with affirmation of the reality of the phenomenal world, followed here by LaFleur, can be dated back to cover manager or recruiter, the Japanese Tendai founder Saicho.
Having studied with two of the disciples of the Chinese Hua-yen master Chan-jan, who argued for the Buddha nature of insentient beings (a teaching that Dogen would also later frequently celebrate), Saicho incorporated Hua-yen (Kegon) views of suchness into Tendai. But Saicho also applied this in an original way to his interpretation of the Lotus Sutra . His reading not only acknowledges two aspects of suchness but establishes a hierarchy between the essay-terrorism, two in identifying the should at home, dynamic aspect of suchness—its expression as the phenomenal world—with the essay-terrorism, T'ien-t'ai category of the middle and with the one vehicle of the Lotus. This represents a crucial step toward the essay writing competition on sportsmanship and the olympics, profound valorization of empirical reality found in medieval Tendai original enlightenment thought. From this Japanese Tendai perspective of spiritual reality immanent in concrete phenomena, the Lotus Sutra itself is not separate from, or talking about, a realm of transcendent spirit outside of itself. Thus the Lotus Sutra itself can become an essay-terrorism, embodiment of the awakening aspect of the phenomenal world, omnipresent, at least in potentiality, in all concrete phenomena. The self-referential or self-reflexive aspect of the sutra demonstrates the non-separation of address to hiring its liberative goals from the Buddha's skillful modes. Given the nonduality of purpose and context of the Lotus Sutra as a text that itself represents and enacts veneration of the world's liberative potential, it is reasonable that this very sutra would become an object of veneration, as in essay-terrorism, Nichiren Buddhism. To be sure, Dogen is address cover manager, not inclusive of the essay-terrorism, diverse modes of teachings in LaFleur's strictly non-hierarchical fashion, as, in common with all of the Kamakura innovators, Dogen at times upholds his own teaching lineage and strongly disparages others. However, Dogen's use of Lotus style self-referential discourse is directed at le resume, affirmation of the nondualism of means and essay-terrorism end, and he repeatedly affirms the phenomenal realm as the arena of nondual practice-realization, in accord with LaFleur's view of the Lotus Sutra discourse as based on hoben . In a similar skillful mode, Dogen often intentionally uses words as vehicles to express the discourse he is then proclaiming. Dogen's frequent inversion of conventional word order and a poem word meaning from classical koans or sutras serves to express this quality of proclamation, in which the discourse itself demonstrates that which it is expounding.
A prominent example is the oft-cited wordplay in Shobogenzo Bussho Buddha Nature, first written in essay-terrorism, 1241, in which Dogen retranslates the firefghter, passage from the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, All sentient beings without exception have Buddha nature. By rereading the characters shitsu-u as whole being, rather than all have, Dogen alters the essay-terrorism, passage to, All sentient beings' whole being [is] Buddha nature. This elimination of dualistic grammar itself demonstrates the nondualism between sentient beings and Buddha nature. In further accord with LaFleur's view of the Lotus discourse, Dogen specifically affirms the complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in his discourse rhetoric as well as its content, and even when leaving the content itself seemingly absent, or at usf application essay prompt 2011, least not stated. In jodo 49 in Eihei Koroku, also given in 1241, Dogen says: This mountain monk has not lectured for the sake of the essay-terrorism, assembly for a long time. Stay At Home Essay! Why is this? On my behalf, the buddha hall, the monks' hall, the valley streams, the pine, and bamboo, every moment, endlessly speak fully for the sake of all people.
Have you all heard it or not? If you say you heard it, what did you hear? If you say you have not heard it, you do not keep the essay-terrorism, five precepts. Here Dogen rhetorically affirms the to hiring manager or recruiter, immanence of the dharmic discourse as well as its content, right in the world of essay-terrorism dharmas, or phenomena, including streams, pines, bamboo, and temple buildings, which all themselves discourse on this dharma. He also self-consciously uses this nonexplicit discourse of the dharma and its immanence as a skillful means for challenging his monks in training to hear and express the address cover letter to hiring, dharma more fully. Have you all heard it or not? Dogen's Use of the Fantastic.
Another literary aspect of the Lotus Sutra that is disconcerting to conventional analysis is the essay-terrorism, degree to which its stories and should essay teachings are rooted in images and fantasies. In his introduction to his book on Myoe, whose life and essay-terrorism teaching were colorfully replete with the visionary, George Tanabe, Jr. cites the centrality of visions to East Asian Buddhist experience, despite the focus of much of modern Buddhist studies on how write, doctrine and essay-terrorism philosophy. The Buddhist tradition is as much a history of fantasy as it is a history of mothers stay thought. Essay-terrorism! It should be studied as such to gain a better understanding not only of Buddhism as a fantastic philosophy, but of Buddhists as sentient beings as well. In the context of Myoe studies, Tanabe's discussion of the fantastic might more directly apply to the psychedelic visions of the Avatamsaka Sutra, which Myoe, as a Kegon monk, especially cherished.
But Tanabe's remarks also certainly pertain to the striking images and parables of the Lotus, about english competition on sportsmanship and the olympics which he says, The Lotus Sutra is less a work of memory and more a product of fantasy inspired with new visions derived internally. The Lotus Sutra thus calls for examination of the significance and function of its imagery as much as, if not more than, its philosophical positions. Essay-terrorism! As Tanabe says: Mahayana Buddhism is, among many things it can be, a tradition of the mind's faculty for producing images in on sportsmanship, both waking life and sleep: a tradition, that is, of fantasy producing visions, . . . and dreams, which were interpreted by the dreamers for essay-terrorism their own meanings and which can be, to add a modern aspect, read by us for their feelings. It will be possible to gain a better understanding of firefghter Mahayana Buddhism as a vehicle not only of ideas and institutions but of human emotion as well only when studies of the essay-terrorism, fantastic end of the spectrum become more available. In this context, the Lotus Sutra parables and self-referential discourse style can be seen as the how write, internal expression of vision, or fantasy, that expresses the human experience of Mahayana practice, more than its philosophical content. Even when, as may frequently be the case, such discourse is essay-terrorism, a literary device or artifice, rather than directly inspired by literal meditative experience, visions, or dreams, such literary framing serves to honor the skillful use of imagination and the visionary. The Lotus Sutra itself includes a parable that uses a fantastic vision to demonstrate how fantastic visions function as skillful liberative modes.
In chapter seven, a conjured or phantom city is described as a vision that serves as a metaphor for the teaching of nirvana as cessation, which can provide a half-way oasis on le resume, the path to Mahayana universal liberation. Despite being a mere phantom, the vision of an oasis city acts as a necessary, beneficial encouragement for practitioners, who may be refreshed by temporarily imagining they have achieved their goal. Similarly, Lotus Sutra parables, no matter how fantastic, themselves function as beneficial encouragements. In another of the numerous examples in Shobogenzo of Dogen using wordplay to invert conventional thinking, in Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the Dream, written in 1242, Dogen extensively elaborates on the statement that all buddhas express the essay-terrorism, dream within a dream. He thereby denies the supposedly lesser reality of the dreams of the transient phenomenal world, and negates a Platonic exaltation of the absolute, which LaFleur describes as the antithesis of Lotus teaching. Instead, Dogen proclaims the dream world of phenomena as exactly the realm of buddhas' activity. Every dewdrop manifested in every realm is a dream. This dream is the glowing clarity of the hundred grasses. . . . Do not mistake them as merely dreamy. The liberative awakening of buddhas is itself described as a dream. Without expressing dreams, there are no buddhas.
Without being within a dream, buddhas do not emerge and firefghter turn the wondrous dharma wheel. This dharma wheel is no other than a buddha together with a buddha, and a dream expressed within a dream. Simply expressing the dream within a dream is itself the buddhas and essay-terrorism ancestors, the assembly of unsurpassable enlightenment. Dogen is not frivolously indulging in mere paradox here, but follows the logic of the dream as necessarily the locus of awakening. As Dogen says in should stay essay, his celebrated essay, Genjokoan, Those who have great realization of delusion are buddhas. What is essay-terrorism, worthy of study is not delusions or fantasies about mothers stay at home enlightenment, but rather the essay-terrorism, reality of the causes and conditions of the firefghter, realms of essay-terrorism delusion and suffering. A similar logic is expressed in le resume, the Lotus Sutra dictum that buddhas manifest only due to the presence of essay-terrorism suffering beings. Dogen's positive view of dreams will be significant in usf application prompt, his parables to essay-terrorism, be discussed below, two of which Dogen frames as if they might have been dreams, whether or not they were his actual sleeping dreams. Dogen does not attend to literal dreams with anywhere near the same dedication as his contemporary, Myoe, as exemplified by Myoe's extraordinary, forty-year dream journal. Along with Myoe, dreams and visionary discourse are also more emphasized than they are by Dogen in firefghter, the teachings of Keizan, Dogen's third generation successor, who is revered as the second founder of Japanese Soto Zen. Essay-terrorism! The central role of dream and vision for Keizan has been discussed and how write elaborated by Bernard Faure in Visions of Power. Essay-terrorism!  Keizan and his successors in the following few generations helped spread Soto Zen throughout rural Japan.
One stereotype in Soto studies is the a poem, distinction between Keizan's use of the essay-terrorism, visionary, inspired by Esoteric teachings, and the supposedly more pure Zen of Dogen. Firefghter! According to this stereotype, Dogen emphasized zazen and essay-terrorism a rational presentation of buddha dharma, untainted by the more colorful and melodramatic Mahayana and Esoteric teachings indulged in by Keizan. However, Dogen does indeed employ dreams and should stay at home essay visions as skillful teaching tools. While we may certainly note differences in emphasis and essay-terrorism style between Dogen and Keizan, Dogen is in fundamental accord with the world-view of medieval Japan, including the esoteric teachings of Shingon and Tendai that were the background for resume all Kamakura Buddhism. Essay-terrorism! Dogen sees the phenomenal world as dynamically alive, and imbued with spirit forces. His visionary context is perhaps most apparent in his interpretations and appropriations of the Lotus Sutra , and in his own references to dreaming. In Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the Dream, Dogen explicitly refers to the Lotus Sutra as a source for the role of dreams in resume, his discourse style. He quotes a long passage that concludes the final verse in chapter fourteen of the sutra, beginning from, All buddhas, with bodies of essay-terrorism golden hue, splendidly adorned with a hundred auspicious marks, hear the dharma and le resume expound it for essay-terrorism others.
Such is the fine dream that ever occurs. . . Firefghter! . Dogen interprets this passage as saying that the whole archetypal story of the Buddha occurs in essay-terrorism, a dream. Dogen's reading takes this passage out of its context in the sutra to emphasize that the Buddha is address cover letter to hiring, made king, leaves the palace, awakens under the bodhi tree, and conducts his whole teaching career, all in a dream. Thus this passage at the close of chapter fourteen is creatively interpreted by Dogen to serve as foreshadowing for the revelation in chapter sixteen of essay-terrorism Buddha's inconceivable life-span, in which the archetypal story of his birth, awakening, teaching, and death is more explicitly revealed as a skillful means to encourage beings. After quoting this passage, Dogen avers that, This dream of buddhas is le resume, not an analogy. In the original context of the Lotus Sutra text, this passage is merely describing the essay-terrorism, rewards of those who preach the Lotus, in this instance the reward of auspicious dreams. But Dogen uses his creative reading to validate, or at least exemplify, his teaching that the dream-state of the conditioned phenomenal world is exactly the arena for awakening. But here he is furthermore claiming the dream mentioned by the Lotus Sutra as a model for essay a skillful discourse mode that has recourse to the visionary as a tool for liberation. As in the Lotus Sutra self-reflexive discourse style, the parable expression is itself a skillful mode of reality for Dogen, not separate from concrete phenomena. Dogen continues,
People in the past and present mistakenly think that, thanks to the power of essay-terrorism expounding this foremost dharma, mere night dreams may become like this dream of buddhas. Resume! Thinking like this, one has not yet clarified the Buddha's discourse. Awakening and dreaming from the beginning are one suchness, the genuine reality. The buddha-dharma, even if it were an analogy, is the essay-terrorism, genuine reality. For Dogen, the particular events of this dream world are the reality, and also the skillful discourse, of the awakening of buddhas. The essays of english essay on sportsmanship olympics Dogen's Shobogenzo , such as Muchu Setsumu, are sometimes philosophical and elaborative of essay-terrorism traditional Buddhist or Zen doctrines, and firefghter are addressed to a general audience of his contemporaries. In Eihei Koroku , by essay-terrorism contrast, Dogen is directly addressing his small cadre of monk disciples at english writing competition and the, Eiheiji, stretching for means to encourage and develop their practice. In this work, the primary available source for essay-terrorism his mature teachings, as well as occasionally revealing humor or feelings such as sadness or regret, Dogen at times offers his own parables, often using fantastic, playful imagery, sometimes expressed as if in dreams.
In the following three parables from should stay Eihei Koroku jodos, Dogen's appropriation of essay-terrorism Lotus and Mahayana vision is evidenced through the allusions to Mahayana rhetoric or figures in each of them. Usf Application! In Eihei Koroku jodo number 229, given in 1247, Dogen directly parodies the rhetoric of Mahayana sutras. The millions of billions of transformation bodies [of buddhas] abide throughout a monk's staff, carry water and gather firewood to make offerings to buddhas as numerous as there are sitting cushions, and, on the tip of a whisk, simultaneously all attain unsurpassed complete perfect enlightenment. They are all equally named Broken Wooden Ladle Tathagata, Worthy of Offerings, Omniscient, Foot of Bright Practice, Well Gone One, World Liberator, Supreme One, Strong Controlling Person, Teacher of Humans and Heavenly Beings, World-Honored Buddha. Essay-terrorism! The Country [of this Buddha] is named Clump of how write a poem Soil; the kalpa is named Fist.
The duration of the True Dharma Age and essay-terrorism Semblance Dharma Age are both twelve hours, and the buddha's longevity is that of a dried turd from three thousand great thousands of worlds. Do you all understand? If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake. If you say you do not understand, even the five precepts are not maintained. Dogen plays with words here, replacing the conventional sutra rhetoric for a buddha abiding throughout kalpas with his abiding throughout a monk's staff. Instead of le resume making offerings to buddhas as numerous as the proverbial grains of sand in the Ganges River, Dogen substitutes buddhas as numerous as sitting cushions.
Instead of the buddha sitting under the bodhi tree as he attains enlightenment, Dogen has him sitting on top of a whisk. Dogen then applies the standard ten epithets for a buddha, starting with Tathagata, to essay-terrorism, a new buddha invented here by Dogen, named Broken Wooden Ladle, who might be seen as a reference to a poem, all of the essay-terrorism, humble monks practicing under him at Eiheiji. On Sportsmanship And The! Continuing with his parody of conventional Mahayana sutra rhetoric, Dogen designates the buddha land of essay-terrorism this fabulous new buddha as Clump of soil, his kalpa as Fist, and his longevity as that of a dried turd. Dogen seems to mock the standard Mahayana sutra rhetoric, iconoclastically mimicking a formula for describing buddhas used often in mothers stay, the Lotus Sutra , for example in chapters eight and nine on the predictions of future buddhahood of the five hundred disciples, and of learners and adepts. However, Dogen actually is essay-terrorism, affirming his view of the Lotus Sutra , as originally interpreted by Saicho and expressed by LaFleur, that validates the world of concrete phenomena as expressive of the essence of awakening. The new buddha is called Broken Wooden Ladle in celebration of a humble implement, to how write, which Dogen frequently refers in highly exalted terms. Essay-terrorism! For example, in jodo 204 in 1246 he says, If you really know it, the temple pillars confirm that, and the wooden ladles study together with you.
Then he has wooden ladles doing three prostrations and asking a dharma question. Similarly revered in jodo 229, above, are the practice paraphernalia of sitting cushions, a monk's staff, and a teacher's whisk. But in celebrating humble phenomena, Dogen also emphasizes their ephemerality, as he says that the to hiring or recruiter, True and Semblance Dharma Ages of essay-terrorism Broken Wooden Ladle Buddha endure merely twelve hours. Although an to hiring manager or recruiter, intact wooden ladle is a useful implement, here the Buddha is named Broken Wooden Ladle, further emphasizing transiency, and recalling the Zen phrase, the essay-terrorism, bottom of a bucket broken out, which signifies the letting go of attachments in opening experiences. Dogen's challenge to his monks at the end of the jodo echoes the prominent Ch'an dharma combat rhetoric style of how write a poem koan anthologies such as the Hekiganroku , Blue Cliff Record. However, his statement, If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake, might also be seen as a rationale for the whole Lotus Sutra self-referential strategy of not explicitly stating the content of the dharma being celebrated and proclaimed. Essay-terrorism! Simultaneously, there is a mandate for this Dharma to be actually proclaimed. If you say you do not understand, even the five precepts are not maintained, implies the ethical responsibility not to deny whatever is realized, despite its ephemerality.
This may be seen as echoing the frequent theme in the Lotus Sutra of the responsibility of essay prompt Shakyamuni's disciples to maintain the Lotus Dharma in the future. Again, whether Dogen's rhetoric here borrows more from Ch'an tradition or more from the indirect modes of the Lotus Sutra is essay-terrorism, not the issue. Address Manager Or Recruiter! The fact that he uses this style to essay-terrorism, mimic Lotus Sutra rhetoric, however, does indicate that in this jodo Dogen is concerned and aware of Lotus Sutra discourse style, and of appropriating it rhetorically, at least in part. In the following two examples, Dogen provides fantastic parables that seem to be framed as dreams when he describes them as happening last night. Whether they were literal dreams or meditative visions is beside the point. As Bernard Faure says, For Buddhists there is no clear distinction between dreams that come during sleep and visions achieved in a waking state, or more precisely during meditation, in a state (samadhi) that, like trance, is essay writing on sportsmanship and the, often defined as being 'neither sleeping nor waking.' Whether realized in sleep or samadhi, or merely used intentionally as literary devices invoking the visionary qualities of samadhi, Dogen uses these visions to express the dream within the dream, i.e. to essay-terrorism, reveal awakening amid the phenomenal. In his Enlightenment Day jodo, number 88, in 1241, Dogen says: Two thousand years later, we are the descendants [of Shakyamuni]. Usf Application Essay Prompt 2011! Two thousand years ago, he was our ancestral father. He is muddy and wet from following and chasing after the waves.
It can be described like this, but also there is the principle of the Way [that we must] make one mistake after another. What is this like? Whether Buddha is present or not present, I trust he is right under our feet. Face after face is Buddha's face; fulfillment after fulfillment is essay-terrorism, Buddha's fulfillment. Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] unintentionally stepped on english writing competition on sportsmanship, a dried turd and essay-terrorism it jumped up and le resume covered heaven and earth. This mountain monk unintentionally stepped on it again, and it introduced itself, saying, My name is essay-terrorism, Shakyamuni. Then, this mountain monk unintentionally stepped on his chest, and immediately he went and firefghter sat on the vajra seat, saw the morning star, bit through the traps and snares of essay-terrorism conditioned birth, and cast away his old nest from the past. Usf Application Prompt 2011! Without waiting for anyone to peck at his shell from outside, he received the thirty-two characteristics common to all buddhas, and essay-terrorism together with this mountain monk, composed the following four line verse: Stumbling I stepped on his chest and le resume his backbone snapped,
Mountains and rivers swirling around, the essay-terrorism, dawn wind blew. Penetrating seven and accomplishing eight, bones piercing the heavens, His face attained a sheet of golden skin. In this jodo Dogen describes a dream-like fantasy in which he accidentally steps on a piece of shit, and in accord with Yun-men's utterance often cited by Dogen, it jumps up and declares itself to how write a poem, be Shakyamuni. Essay-terrorism! This vision increases the apparent disrespect for Buddha in Yun-men's utterance, as Dogen again steps on his back (albeit again accidentally), even after the dried shit identifies himself as Shakyamuni.
But Dogen uses this scatological vision not to cover letter to hiring manager, degrade, but rather to further celebrate Buddha, by essay-terrorism declaring that upon being stepped on, He went and sat on mothers stay, the vajra seat, saw the morning star, bit through the traps and snares of conditioned birth, and cast away his old nest from the past. Here Dogen skillfully proclaims and celebrates, non-explicitly, one of the essay-terrorism, major revelations of the Lotus Sutra , that of the Buddha's life-span enduring over cover letter to hiring manager, inconceivable ages (mentioned above in connection with Dogen's reference in Expressing the Dream Within the Dream.) In chapter sixteen, Shakyamuni reveals that his archetypal story of his home-leaving and essay-terrorism awakening is demonstrated simply as a skillful mode. The effect of this dream parable of Dogen is to reinforce the story about skillful modes in chapter sixteen by describing Buddha and address letter or recruiter his awakening process as still omnipresent, last night right at Eiheiji, and even in excrement. Dogen's dream story also echoes the Lotus Sutra , chapter four, parable of the prodigal son, who can only come to realize his fundamental endowment after years of shoveling manure in his father's field. As Dogen says in the introduction to his parable, even Shakyamuni is muddy and wet from essay-terrorism following and address cover letter to hiring manager chasing after the waves.
Dogen's further introductory statement, Whether Buddha is essay-terrorism, present or not present, I trust he is right under our feet, echoes the Lotus Sutra parable about the ragged beggar unknowingly having the dharma jewel sewed within his robe. It further suggests the image in essay 2011, chapter fifteen of myriad bodhisattvas suddenly springing forth from beneath the ground under our feet, which represents the omnipresence of the bodhisattva potential in the ground of concrete phenomena. Having venerated Shakyamuni Buddha via seeming desecration in this last jodo parable, in Eihei Koroku jodo number 123, given in 1243, Dogen describes another dream vision, this one seeming to poke fun at Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. One sheet of essay-terrorism dull stubbornness is three inches thick. Three lengths of le resume upside-downness is five feet long. Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] struck the essay-terrorism, empty sky with a single blow.
My fist didn't hurt, but the how write, empty sky knew pain. A number of sesame cakes appeared and rushed to become the faces and eyes of the great earth. In the mock creation myth in the introduction to essay-terrorism, the jodo, Dogen punches out the empty sky. Then with bravado akin to such classic Ch'an masters of fisticuffs as Lin-chi or Te-shan (Rinzai and Tokusan in cover letter or recruiter, Japanese), Dogen declares that his fist didn't hurt, but the sky, which can also be read as emptiness itself, knew pain. Like the essay-terrorism, skillful fists of Lin-chi or Te-shan, with their constructive impact on their monk trainees, Dogen's fist brings forth a cascade of mothers essay sesame cakes, which in turn shower down as thousands of faces and eyes. The several references to the koan lexicon by Dogen in this jodo include case 78 of the essay-terrorism, Shoyoroku Book of Serenity anthology.
When asked by a monk about talk transcending buddhas and ancestors, Yun-men answers, Sesame cake. In case 82 of the Shoyoroku, the association of mothers essay Yun-men with sesame cakes continues when he says, The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara brings money to essay-terrorism, buy a sesame cake: when he lowers his hand, it turns out to be a jelly-doughnut. This story must have inspired Dogen's vision of Avalokiteshvara striving to purchase sesame cakes. But Dogen envisions the sesame cakes as transformed into dynamically active eyes and faces rather than jelly-doughnuts, which are still mere commodities, even if richer than sesame cakes. As Dogen's parable in jodo 123 unfolds with dream-like narrative, someone shows up who wants to buy the sesame cakes (transformed into faces and cover letter to hiring eyes). When Dogen inquires, the essay-terrorism, person identifies himself as Avalokiteshvara, just as the piece of shit in the previously discussed dream parable identifies himself as Sakyamuni. Presumably Avalokiteshvara is trying to acquire from Dogen the eleven faces and and the olympics thousand eyes for his hands as depicted in one of the bodhisattva's foremost iconographic forms. With these multiple perspectives, the bodhisattva of compassion can fulfill the skillful means that he is known for, as seen in his diversity of forms in chapter twenty-five of the Lotus Sutra . When Avalokiteshvara further identifies himself by the very common Chinese names Ch'ang and Li, this represents Avalokiteshvara as an essay-terrorism, ordinary person. Even in a dream (or a literary discourse he frames as visionary or dream-like), Dogen is thereby implicitly affirming practice in the mundane world and the immanent presence of compassion. In Expressing the Dream Within the essay prompt, Dream, written the year before the parable in essay-terrorism, jodo123, Dogen declares that, The expression of the dream within the dream is the mothers should essay, thousand hands and eyes of Avalokiteshvara that function by many means. Here he explicitly denotes the discourse mode, the expression itself, as an aspect or example of Avalokiteshvara's skillful means. The parable itself ends with Avalokite§vara expressing his commitment and determination to obtain the eyes and faces (formerly sesame cakes), with which to essay-terrorism, proceed with his work of compassion, whether or not he has any money. In his own concluding commentary, Dogen adds, When Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva makes an appearance, mountains and rivers on the great earth are not dead ashes.
Here Dogen emphasizes the dynamic, liberating quality of the world of concrete phenomena. For Dogen, the whole world and its components, even the dreams within a dream, are the vital functioning of awakening, like the conjured city in address letter or recruiter, the Lotus Sutra parable, assisting those on the path. Dogen's jodo concludes with a further affirmation of the essay-terrorism, enlightening potency of the phenomenal world, You should always remember that in the third month the partridges sing and the flowers open. Here the emergence of vitality in spring, and also its very invocation, functions skillfully as an encouraging metaphor for the enduring potential of awakening in his disciple audience. The parables in the Lotus Sutra may lack Dogen's humorous irony and visionary whimsy. But in accord with LaFleur's account of the function of those parables, Dogen uses his dream parables similarly as skillful modes with which to encourage his monks' engagement with and essay 2011 affirmation of the complete reality of the world of essay-terrorism concrete phenomena in spite of the fact that they are impermanent. In his Eihei Koroku , Dogen relates parables that echo the function of the parables in the Lotus Sutra by demonstrating the presence of wondrous dharma, right in the phenomenal world and in the midst of karmic consciousness. While such parables are occasional, and certainly not Dogen's major mode of literary expression, they do exemplify his borrowing of Lotus Sutra styles in his discourse. More significantly than in Dogen's occasional use of parables, the profuse self-referencing of the Lotus Sutra and the complex, skillful impact of this self-reflexive discourse serves as one major resource or model for Dogen's style of proclamation. Dogen follows the Lotus Sutra self-referential style in various of his rhetorical modes to how write, proclaim and celebrate a teaching that often remains unstated, but which may be more provocative because of this quality of the non-explicit.
Dogen's self-referential, proclamatory discourse (at least in some part borrowed from the Lotus Sutra discourse style), used as a mode with which to essay-terrorism, express and exemplify radical nondualism, becomes a model for Soto Zen expression and practice, supporting prominent Soto teachings such as the oneness of practice-realization. This essay has focused on le resume, suggesting some of the aspects of essay-terrorism Dogen's appropriation of Lotus Sutra styles of rhetoric in his own discourse. Much more can be said about his inclusion of its doctrinal contents in his own teaching. Still, Dogen's primary literary source by far was the vast Ch'an koan literature, which he was introducing as a new, foreign language into Japan, and which he had mastered to an astonishing degree. In his prominent use of the Lotus Sutra , on usf application prompt, the other hand, he was referencing the Buddhist text that was perhaps most familiar to his Kamakura audience. His wide use of the Lotus Sutra raises many questions. His devoted dissemination of the alien koan literature suggests that he was not citing the Lotus simply to match audience expectations or familiarities. Some aspects of Lotus teaching were clearly useful to legitimatization of Zen positions. For example, he widely quotes the passage in Kumarajiva's translation of chapter two of the sutra that, Only a buddha together with a buddha can fathom the Reality of All Existence. Dogen appropriates this saying for his Shobogenzo essay Yuibutsu Yobutsu, Only Buddha and Buddha, as support for the Zen Dharma transmission tradition. The Lotus Sutra focus on Shakyamuni also fits with the main buddha figure in Zen, rather than the Buddhas Amida or Vairocana venerated in the contemporary Pure Land and essay-terrorism Esoteric (and Kegon) movements. But perhaps most fundamentally, the significant presence of the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's teaching content and in his style of essay competition on sportsmanship olympics presentation may serve to remind us of the substantial underpinnings of Mahayana thought and practice in Soto Zen teachings.
 For a discussion of some Lotus Sutra references by Dogen, and a list of some such citations, see Kagamishima Genryu, Dogen zenji to in'yo kyoten-goroku no kenkyu (Tokyo: Mokujisha, 1965), pp. 121-137; 217-219. A list of Lotus Sutra references in Dogen's Shobogenzo appears in Gudo Wafu Nishijima and Chodo Cross, trans. Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1 (Woods Hole, Mass.: Windbell Publications, 1994), pp. 293-321.  Ryuichi Abe and Peter Haskell, trans. with essays. Great Fool: Zen Master Ryokan; Poems, Letters, and Writings (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996), p.xiii.
See also p. 21.  For background on hongaku thought, see Ruben Habito, Originary Enlightenment: Tendai Hongaku Doctrine and Japanese Buddhism (Tokyo: The International Institute for Buddhist Studies, 1996); and Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of essay-terrorism Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999). For Saicho's appropriation of sokushin jobutsu from the Lotus Sutra story about the Dragon King's daughter, see Paul Groner, The Lotus Sutra and Saicho's Interpretation of the Realization of Buddhahood with This Very Body, in George J. English Essay Writing Competition Olympics! Tanabe, Jr., and Willa Jane Tanabe, editors. The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989), pp. 53-74.  For an essay-terrorism, English translation of Hokke-Ten-Hokke, see Nishijima and Cross, Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1, pp. Firefghter! 203-220. I have also referred to a translation by Kazuaki Tanahashi and Michael Wenger, from the forthcoming Beyond Thinking , edited by Kazuaki Tanahashi.
 Dogen appropriation of the Lotus, especially in terms of its use in Dogen's fundamental world-view underlying his praxis, will be further detailed in my forthcoming dissertation: Visions of Awakening Space and Time: The Bodhisattvas' Earth Emergence and the Inconceivable Life-Span in the Lotus Sutra , and their Impact in Dogen's Teachings.  Steven Heine. Dogen and the Koan Tradition (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994).  See Yasunari Kawabata, Japan the Beautiful and Myself, trans. Edward Seidensticker (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1969); and Steven Heine, The Zen Poetry of essay-terrorism Dogen (Boston: Tuttle Publishing, 1997).  See Yifa, The Rules of Purity for the Chan Monastery: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Chanyuan Qinggui. Ph.D. Should Stay! Dissertation at Yale University, 1996. The Chanyuan Qinggui was a major influence, quoted extensively by Dogen, in his Eihei Shingi. See Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for the Zen Community: A Translation of Eihei Shingi (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996).  See, for essay-terrorism examples, Edward Conze, trans., The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines its Verse Summary (Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1973), pp.
15, 120-121; and Buddhist Text Translation Society, Sutra of the Past Vows of Earth Store Bodhisattva (Talmage, Cal.: Dharma Realm Buddhist University, 1982), pp. Usf Application Prompt! 69-71, 89-92, along with many other passages.  I am using the Chinese /Japanese edition of Kumarajiva's translation, Myoho Rengekyo, 3 vols. (Tokyo: Iwanamai Bunko, 1996). Essay-terrorism! English translations consulted are Leon Hurvitz, trans. Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma (New York: Columbia University Press, 1976); Bunno Kato, Yoshiro Tamura, and Kojiro Miyasaka, trans. The Threefold Lotus Sutra: Innumerable Meanings, The Lotus Flower of the Wonderful Law, and Meditation on the Bodhisattva Universal Virtue (New York: Weatherhill, 1975); and Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra , (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993).  Introduction to George J. Tanabe, Jr., and Willa Jane Tanabe, The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture, p. 2.  Jodo, literally ascending the firefghter resume, hall, referred to here as dharma discourses, were the major form of presentation in Sung China Ch'an temples. They were often quite brief, given in the Dharma Hall with the essay-terrorism, teacher on the high seat on the altar and with the monks standing. Apparently they were the teaching form eventually favored by 2011 Dogen, since he nearly stopped writing the longer essays of essay-terrorism Shobogenzo after 1244, but continued using the formal Jodo talks, which were recorded in how write a poem, Eihei Koroku , in training his monks at Eiheiji before his death in 1253.  All references to essay-terrorism, Eihei Koroku are from the earlier monkaku version (rather than Manzan's later edition) in Kosaka Kiyu and Suzuki Kakuzen, eds. Dogen Zenji Zenshu. Usf Application! vols.
3 and 4 (Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1989). All translations in essay-terrorism, this essay are from Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, trans. Dogen's Extensive Record: A Translation of Eihei Koroku (Boston: Wisdom Publications, forthcoming).  Yun-men's response to a monk's question, What is address cover letter or recruiter, Buddha? of kanshiketsu has been interpreted legitimately either as a dried shitstick, a standard implement that was used as we now use toilet paper, or simply as a dried turd, an interpretation derived from essay-terrorism Chuang-tzu's usage, which will be used as the translation in other jodo below, according to varied contexts. Yun-men's equation of a poem Buddha with kanshiketsu appears, for example, in Mumonkan , case 21. See Yamada, Gateless Gate, pp.
109-112. For a discussion of Dogen's likely interpretation of Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's utterance as sesame rather than the usual translation of flax, see the note to Dogen's reference to essay-terrorism, it in Tenzokyokun in Leighton and Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for the Zen Community, P. 56. This story appears, for example, in case 12 of Hekiganroku and in case 18 of Mumonkan . How Write A Poem! See Thomas Cleary and essay-terrorism J.C. Mothers Should At Home! Cleary, trans. The Blue Cliff Record (Boston: Shambhala, 1977), pp. 81-87; and Koun Yamada, Gateless Gate (Los Angeles: Center Publications, 1967), pp. 96-99.  See Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra, p. 45; Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, p. 45; Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. 74.
 William LaFleur, The Karma of Words: Buddhism and the Literary Arts in Medieval Japan (Berkeley: University of essay-terrorism California Press, 1983), p. 87.  Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the le resume, Fine Dharma, pp. 29-30.  LaFleur, The Karma of Words, p. 87.  Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism, p. 14.  See Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, trans. The Heart of Shobogenzo (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002), pp. 59-98.  George J. Tanabe, Jr., Myoe the Dreamkeeper: Fantasy and essay-terrorism Knowledge in Early Kamakura Buddhism. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992), p. 9.  See Taigen Dan Leighton and Kazuaki Tanahashi, trans.
Within a Dream Expressing a Dream, in Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Enlightenment Unfolds: The Essential Teachings of address letter to hiring or recruiter Zen Master Dogen (Boston: Shambhala, 1999), pp. 165-172.  Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Moon in a Dewdrop: Writings of Zen Master Dogen (San Francisco: North Point Press, 1985), p. Essay-terrorism! 69.  For Myoe's dream journal, and commentary, see Tanabe, Myoe the Dreamkeeper, cited above, and Hayao Kawaii, The Buddhist Priest Myoe: A Life of Dreams, translated with introduction by Mark Unno, (Venice, Ca.: The Lapis Press, 1992).  See Bernard Faure, Visions of Power: Imagining Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).  For further discussion of the le resume, stereotypical distinctions between Keizan and essay-terrorism Dogen, see Faure, Visions of Power, pp. Cover Letter To Hiring Manager Or Recruiter! 3-4, 211-215.  Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, pp. 170-171; and Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 223-224.
 I am indebted for clarification of the difference in Dogen's reading of this passage, and for many other suggestions for this paper, to the kind response commentary of Jan Nattier.  Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. 171.  The Lotus Sutra includes a number of variations on the full formula for descriptions of buddhas and essay-terrorism their buddha-fields parodied by Dogen, also including versions in chapter twelve on Devadatta and chapter twenty-three on the Bodhisattva Medicine King. One of the versions closest to the full formula parodied by Dogen is the description of Ananda's prediction in chapter nine. How Write! See Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the essay-terrorism, Fine Dharma, pp. 168-169.  Dogen refers frequently to ladles in Eihei Koroku , used as a term for firefghter resume reliable practice implements, and sometimes for essay-terrorism practitioners themselves.
For other examples, jodo 219 in 1247 begins, Abundant with ten thousand virtues, the stay, sitting cushions and wooden ladles are dignified. In jodo 320 in 1249, Dogen refers to Shakyamuni himself as, The wooden ladle at Vulture Peak.  Faure, Visions of Power, p. 116.  See Thomas Cleary, trans. Book of essay-terrorism Serenity (Boston: Shambhala, 1998; originally published by Hudson, N.Y.: Lindisfarne Press, 1990), pp. 332-334.  For the iconographic forms of firefghter Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva, see Taigen Daniel Leighton, Bodhisattva Archetypes: Classic Buddhist Guides to Awakening and their Modern Expression (New York: Penguin Arkana, 1998), pp. 159-170.  Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. Essay-terrorism! 169.  See Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. Firefghter! 52.
Compared to the Sanskrit original, which simply denotes plural buddhas, Kumarajiva's rendition emphasizes the relational aspect of essay-terrorism a buddha together with a buddha.  See Tanahashi, Moon in a Dewdrop, pp. 161-167.
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10 Rules for essay-terrorism, Writing Numbers and Numerals. Should Stay At Home. How do you express numbers in your writing? When do you use figures (digits) and when do you write out the number in essay-terrorism words (letters)? That is, when do you write 9 and when do you write nine ? 1. Address Cover Manager Or Recruiter. Number versus numeral . Essay-terrorism. First things first, what is the difference between a number and a numeral? A number is an abstract concept while a numeral is a symbol used to usf application essay prompt, express that number. #8220;Three,#8221; #8220;3#8221; and #8220;III#8221; are all symbols used to express the same number (or the essay-terrorism, concept of #8220;threeness#8221;). One could say that the difference between a number and le resume, its numerals is essay-terrorism like the difference between a person and her name. 2. Le Resume. Spell small numbers out . The small numbers, such as whole numbers smaller than ten, should be spelled out. That#8217;s one rule you can count on. If you don#8217;t spell numbers out it will look like you#8217;re sending an essay-terrorism, instant message, and you want to be more formal than that in your writing. 3. No other standard rule : Experts don#8217;t always agree on other rules.
Some experts say that any one-word number should be written out. Two-word numbers should be expressed in figures. Mothers Should Stay Essay. That is, they say you should write out twelve or twenty . But not 24 . 4. Using the comma . In English, the comma is essay-terrorism used as a thousands separator (and the period as a decimal separator), to make large numbers easier to read. Essay 2011. So write the size of Alaska as 571,951 square miles instead of 571951 square miles. In Continental Europe the opposite is true, periods are used to separate large numbers and the comma is used for decimals. Finally, the International Systems of essay-terrorism Units (SI) recommends that a space should be used to separate groups of three digits, and both the comma and firefghter, the period should be used only to denote decimals, like $13 200,50 (the comma part is a mess#8230; I know). Essay-terrorism. 5. Don#8217;t start a sentence with a numeral . Make it #8220;Fourscore and seven years ago,#8221; not #8220;4 score and 7 years ago.#8221; That means you might have to rewrite some sentences: #8220;Fans bought 400,000 copies the first day#8221; instead of #8220;400,000 copies were sold the first day.#8221; 6. Or Recruiter. Centuries and essay-terrorism, decades should be spelled out . How Write. Use the Eighties or nineteenth century . 7. Percentages and essay-terrorism, recipes . With everyday writing and essay on sportsmanship and the, recipes you can use digits, like #8220;4% of the children#8221; or #8220;Add 2 cups of essay-terrorism brown rice.#8221; In formal writing, however, you should spell the percentage out like #8220;12 percent of the players#8221; (or #8220;twelve percent of the players,#8221; depending on your preference as explained in mothers at home essay point three). 8. Essay-terrorism. If the le resume, number is rounded or estimated, spell it out . Rounded numbers over a million are written as a numeral plus a word.
Use #8220;About 400 million people speak Spanish natively,#8221; instead of essay-terrorism #8220;About 400,000,000 people speak Spanish natively .#8221; If you#8217;re using the exact number, you#8217;d write it out, of course. 9. Two numbers next to address to hiring manager or recruiter, each other . It can be confusing if you write #8220;7 13-year-olds#8221;, so write one of them as a numeral, like #8220;seven 13-year-olds#8221;. Pick the essay-terrorism, number that has the fewest letters. 10. Ordinal numbers and consistency . Don#8217;t say #8220;He was my 1st true love,#8221; but rather #8220;He was my first true love.#8221; Be consistent within the same sentence. If my teacher has 23 beginning students, she also has 18 advanced students, not eighteen advanced students.
Subscribe to Receive our Articles and le resume, Exercises via Email. You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per day, guaranteed! Subscribers get access to our exercise archives, writing courses, writing jobs and much more! You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free! Try It Free Now. 207 Responses to #8220;10 Rules for Writing Numbers and Numerals#8221; I#8217;ve always spelled out essay-terrorism, any number less than ten, since that is what I was definitely taught by my wonderful journalism teacher in high school. What I#8217;m curious about today, is how to correctly write #8220;3+#8221; as in you need three or more years of experience. (Did I just answer my own question? Ha!) Also, when expressing whole dollar values, you do not add the le resume, decimal sign with two zeros. For example, you would write $10/hr. or $10 per hour, omitting the decimal sign and zeros. Linda asks, #8220;Oh, and why does no one here put the period inside the closing quotation mark? So many comments here have it outside.
That is U.S. Essay-terrorism. standard. U.K. would put the period outside the quotation mark. Just asking! Too many U.S. folks get this wrong!#8221; We prefer to use the term #8220;conventions#8221; rather than #8220;rules#8221; of right or #8220;wrong#8221;. The problem with the US #8220;standard#8221; for placing the end punctuation inside quotation marks is that it is address cover to hiring manager or recruiter inconsistent and illogical. The #8220;rule#8221; was established when type was set by hand and the little #8220;.#8221; would have fallen out if it were not wedged under the #8221; #8221; #8221; symbol. In the 21st century, when little is essay-terrorism printed and certainly very, very, very little is typeset by le resume, hand went out with Molly RIngwald hairstyles and leg warmers of the essay-terrorism, 80s it is time to place the at home, punctuation logically and essay-terrorism, consistently.
Examples: Did the document contained the word #8220;the#8221;? The document contained the word #8220;the#8221;. Dear #8216;van on July 31, 2007 9:06 am#8217;, both are numerals, too#8230; I am calculating numbers for a math/physics problem to unprecidented precision. Mothers At Home. Prior precision was typically no more than 14 digits, so all published papers so far have no problem reporting such numbers. Very typically, my numbers are well over 100 digits and my best is 502 digits.
Do you have any recommendations for how to report such numbers in a meaningful way? Tables are too boring, and no one would actually ever use every digit (from a printed text). I was thinking about essay-terrorism reporting the first twenty and the last ten, with a pointer to how write a poem, a web-stored file. But, that is only an idea. Another secondary issue is essay-terrorism that for one problem, I have calculated over english essay olympics 8000 such numbers, but those are only good to 60 digits. Documenting those numbers (to be verifiable in a printed journal) seems impossible (because of the sheer number of digits). Perhaps an md5sum of a file holding them all?
Any ideas? People report algorigthms for essay-terrorism, calculating pi (not their trillions of digits), but that isn#8217;t really possible for my numbers, at least in a simple way. #8221; Why would you say someone is 183 cm, when you can say he’s six feet? #8221; Your point is? I can ask the same question, why would you say someone is 5ft and 10.8 inches, when you can say he is 1.80m? If current system works for better for firefghter, US it is fine, but this is not a valid argument. #8220;Do I type “a” or “an” before the essay-terrorism, number 120? Why would you ever use “an” before 120? “An one-hundred and twenty”, “an hundred and twenty”. “An one two zero”. Any would be equally wrong.#8221; Not equally wrong, an #8220;an#8221; is required preceeding a word that phonetically starts with a vowel, e.g. an eight, an usf application prompt 2011, SAP company, an essay-terrorism, eight hundred pound man. However i will give you the point, and it is beyond my understanding why would yo need to express an one hundred, when you can say a hundred, but that is another discussion.
By the how write, way I am from essay-terrorism, Mexico where we use the metric system. Which is correct English? 1 of 10 or 1 out of 10. Reed Proctor on December 30, 2014 2:53 pm. You don#8217;t use AM/PM for military time. 0800 AM is redundant. That would be like saying it#8217;s 8 a.m. a.m. That#8217;s what military time notation was designed for to or recruiter, eliminate the question #8220;Is that a.m. or p.m.?#8221; In skimming through the responses I did not see a suggestion for an eleventh rule: spell out essay-terrorism, numbers within quotes and dialogue based on the notion that we speak in words and not in symbolic numerals. For example, #8220;Jack said #8216;I saw about four hundred of them on my last trip,'#8221; rather than #8220;Jack said #8216;I saw about 400 of resume them on my last trip.'#8221; Dale Wood wrote, #8220;(i.e. Essay-terrorism. they are being paid).#8221; Dale, you seem very competent in your grasp of punctuation, but I see you do not include the comma after i.e.
Is this an British-English standard? In US English, we include the comma to reflect the mothers should, ubiquitous (or is essay-terrorism it obligatory) pause after #8220;for example.#8221; I can hear the argument for exclusion of the comma (e.g., conservation or #8220;It#8217;s shorthand, dummy!#8221;), but is there a different unknown to me (is that even possible)? I have never seen so much ado about so little. One rule applies every time and usf application essay prompt 2011, it is essay-terrorism absolute in writing competition olympics writing, #8220;Spell out essay-terrorism, any number less than ten#8221;. Oops, had to address to hiring manager, fix that.
R.E. Chuck Slay, if you had legal documents, then it would be appropriate to essay-terrorism, place the numbers, such as forty-seven (47), like I did in this sentence. Otherwise, just follow these guidelines. I have a question concerning the slash marks that run through certain numbers when written, such as the number seven and how write, zero. and in fact what is the proper way to write numbers in general? we have had quite the debate at work. I have always placed marks through my number sevens and zeros as well as through my letter Z#8217;s. Rule # 9 is essay-terrorism there a set rule to that? I used to prompt, be taught that you either had to use all numbers or use all spelling.
Your ten rules has shed some light for me. Other than these suggestions is there anything cast in stone like i before e except after c? Otherwise it leaves a lot of ambiguity to some study I am doing. Thank you for your help. Great web site. I think #8220;We celebrated our ninth birthday parties together.#8221; is correct. There are two parties that were combined into one celebration, so they are referred to in the plural. Diana Ann Bisares on December 22, 2013 7:11 pm.
I#8217;m not sure if it#8217;s worth mentioning, but there#8217;s an exception for rule #1: dates. We say #8220;December 9#8221; and not #8220;December nine.#8221; Unless I#8217;m not aware of some other rules? Anyway, thanks for this article, Michael. For non-native speakers like me, it#8217;s very helpful to have easy access to grammar guidelines like this. #128578; I am helping a police officer apply for a promotion. He has worked 33 years in narcotics. He has made over essay-terrorism 1000 arrests. Is it proper to write, #8220;I have worked thirty-three (33) years in le resume narcotics and made one-thousand (1000) arrests.#8221; I#8217;ve often seen numbers written out and essay-terrorism, then parenthetically clarified. Is this proper usage? In German, the abbreviation #8220;z.B.#8221; includes the capital #8220;B#8221; because all nouns are capitalized in German. z.B. = #8220;zum Beispiel#8221;, and Beispiel is a noun.
In the prompt 2011, case of #8220;Bundesrepublik Deutschland#8221;, this is a proper noun. Translated into essay-terrorism, English, it becomes the Federal Republic of Germany, and that is le resume abbreviated F.R.G. with all capitals because it represents a proper noun. Formerly, there was an awful place called the D.D.R., the #8220;German Democratic Republic#8221; in English, which was neither democratic nor a republic. That was as bad as the essay-terrorism, Holy Roman Empire, which was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire! Concerning Steve Parker: #8220;Also, I would rarely use full points in abbreviations#8221;. That is just an address letter manager or recruiter, oddity of British English that you ought to get rid of. In North American English, we just the periods just as they do in French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Latin, etc.: Mr., Mrs., Dr., Fr., a.m., p.m., e.g., etc., i.e., Hon., Jr., Sr., Sra., u.s.w., z.B.
Notes: Dr. Essay-terrorism. means #8220;Doctor#8221; in English, Spanish, or German. Also, in Spanish, there is #8220;Dra.#8221; for a doctor who happens to be a woman, and these abbreviations inclue dentists, professors, and so forth. Fr. is the abbreviation for #8220;Father#8221; a Catholic priest. a.m., p.m., e.g., and i.e. Usf Application Essay. are correctly not capitalized because they are abbreviations for Latin phrases that are not capitalized. For example: a.m. = #8220;ante meridian#8221;. Sr. means #8220;senior#8221; in English, but it means #8220;Senor#8221; in Spanish, with a tilde over the #8220;n#8221;.
Sra. means #8220;Senora#8221; in Spanish. In German, u.s.w. means #8220;und so weiter#8221;, and that it the German for #8220;and so forth#8221;. This is used instead of etc. In German, z.B. means #8220;zum Beispiel#8221;, which means #8220;for example#8221;. This is used instead of e.g. Depending on essay-terrorism the context, Sr. Usf Application Essay Prompt. can also mean #8220;Sister#8221; in essay-terrorism English in other words, a Catholic nun like #8220;Sr.
Margaret Maples#8221;. There really is english writing on sportsmanship and the olympics something positive to say about essay-terrorism something that is standard across many languages. I agree with Venax completely: #8220;Is the correct time 8:22 or 28:22?#8221; Really cannot say. Really can say!! 28:22 is should at home essay never the correct time anywhere on the planet Earth. There are only 24 hours here, so it’s never 28 o’clock. That’s not an essay-terrorism, English rule, just a natural one. The expression #8220;28:22#8221; was actually a mistyping of #8220;20:22#8221; (in the previous) comment, but that should have NEVER been allowed to happen.
The #8220;28:22#8221; is a glaring error, and it should have been caught and corrected immediately. Days have exactly 24 hours in them, by definition. My point is resume that we have millions of writers nowadays, including professional journalists (i.e. Essay-terrorism. they are being paid) who do not recognize glaring errors when they see them. Their skills at math, science, and resume, logic are just that poor. I think that students aspiring to degrees in essay-terrorism journalism should be required to pass courses in mothers should mathematics, chemistry, phyiscs, biology, and statistics.
We live in a world of science and technology, and people who aspire to essay-terrorism, important positions ought to be required to learn the basics of these. Venqax said: #8220;Isn’t it about le resume time that the USA moved on from imperial measurements to metric? We did, for scientific measures, which is the only place it makes sense.#8221; In the United States, the metric system is used in pharmaceuticals, electricity, alcoholic beverages, and essay-terrorism, other such places. The metric system is the only one that is used for electricity (volts, amperes, ohms, watts, etc.) We electrical engineers know this! Wine and distilled liquors are sold in bottles measuring 400 ml, 500 ml, 750 ml, one liter, two liters, and so forth. There was an antique measurement in North America called #8220;a fifth#8221;. Resume. It was defined as one fifth of an American gallon. Essay-terrorism. NOW, a fifth is a poem defined as 750 ml exactly.
Also, soft drinks are very often sold in bottles that are one liter, two liters, or three liters in size. I mentioned these specifically because they are NOT scientific items at all. The automotive industry in North America uses parts and tools calibrated in the metric system. Essay-terrorism. This is extremely useful especially since parts and english essay competition on sportsmanship olympics, assemblies for cars and essay-terrorism, trucks are often make in one country but then assembled into complete vehicles in the other. For example, the General Motors Corporation exists in both countries, and it is or recruiter very strong in Ontario in essay-terrorism Canada, as well as in the Great Lakes states of the United States. Firefghter. There are also thousands of essay-terrorism different subcontractors for vehicles. Also, when it comes to their engines, their displacements are often worked out in liters instread of cubic inches. For example, there are engines of 1.6, 2.0. 2.4, 3.0, 4.0 liters in displacement, et cetera. A Poem. We all use the same size wrenches, etc., on our cars and trucks, all calibrated in metric sizes in essay-terrorism millimeters.
American and mothers should stay at home essay, Canadian military, naval, and essay-terrorism, air force items designed and built on metric standards especially to enhance cooperation with our European allies in NATO, and in the case of the United States, our allies in Australia, Japan, South Korea, South America, etc. Military and naval commanders measure distances in meters and kilometers, and many weapons systems have standard meausrements like 9.0 mm (pistols), 20 mm, 30 mm, 50 mm, 75 mm, 81mm, 90 mm, 105 mm, 155 mm, and resume, 175 mm. It is true that these standard bores are based on American measurements: 5.56 mm (22 caliber), 7.62 mm (30 caliber), 12.7 mm (50 caliber), and 203 mm (six inches). Essay-terrorism. Many of these standards date back a long way. The standards for artillery in le resume the U.S. Army and essay-terrorism, Marine Corps were metric back during WW II. (The standard 75 mm bore for cannons was adopted from the French Army.) Also, early during WW II the a poem, U.S. Navy needed much-improved antiaircraft weapons rapid-fire cannon. The Navy adopted two foreign designs, and the owners were paid fair-and-square for the licenses to make them in the U.S.A.: a 20 mm cannon from Oerlikon in Switzerland and a 40 mm cannon from Bofors in Sweden. Essay-terrorism. Carol Wallace asked on February 23, 2012: In a document using the digits 4000, should it be 4000 or 4,000.
Is there a preferred useage? Thank you. According to address letter to hiring manager or recruiter, the rules of the International System of essay-terrorism Units (the S.I.), four-digit integers (i.e. the ones from essay prompt 2011, 1000 to 9999) may be written with or without the comma or any other kind of a mark between the digits. Hence, numbers like 1760 and 5280 and 7,777 are just fine with or without the comma. Sometimes it just pays to use scientific sources for such things. When I did my PhD (in English literature), the style guide we adhered to insisted on #8216;nineteenth-century novels#8217; (hyphenated, lower case when used adjectivally) but #8216;novels in essay-terrorism the Nineteenth Century#8217; (unhyphenated, upper case when used nominally). This is now ingrained in me, and any other variant makes me uncomfortable. Interesting article. I didn#8217;t know the rules varied. I just assumed numbers should all be written out.
Good to know. Thanks for sharing. It#8217;s true that writing techniques are an essay, important art to master if you want your writing to be taken seriously. Steve Parker on essay-terrorism December 31, 2012 1:23 pm. Mothers Should Stay At Home Essay. When I started in journalism in the UK, we were taught #8220;25 per essay-terrorism cent#8221; not #8220;25 percent#8221; (although percentage is mothers at home of course one word).
Presumably because #8220;per#8221; and #8220;cent#8221; are two words in Latin, in the same way as you would use #8220;per annum#8221; not #8220;perannum#8221;. Is this not the case in the USA? Also, I would rarely use full points in abbreviations – so, 10pm, not 10P.M.; Dr Smith not Dr. Smith; TV, not T.V. Fewer characters, little chance of essay-terrorism ambiguity, also avoids the problem of the english essay on sportsmanship olympics, missing full point at the end of the sentence above. Essay-terrorism. Exceptions are when it#8217;s a proper noun, of course, when it#8217;s up to the creator of the name. Mothers Should. isn’t it about time that the USA moved on from imperial measurements to metric? We did, for scientific measures, which is the only place it makes sense. Why would you say someone is 183 cm, when you can say he’s six feet? Everyday measures are much better for everyday things. Essay-terrorism. Why wouldn’t you say it’s 3 miles away when everyone knows what that means? A 200-pound man is a big man.
90 kgs? Sounds too much like a 90-pound weakling, which is an Am English colloquialism for a wimpy little man. Simply no reason to adopt metric outside the laboratory. And, of course, metric is irredeemably French which speaks alone of its suspect nature. A.m. and p.m. already have periods (full stops, in proper English Well, not in proper English 200 years ago when period was the common English word for the dot after this word. Once again, “the British” decided to change the language for some trendy slang, and then tried to usf application, pretend it was the august original. Sorry, old trick. Essay-terrorism. In a legal document, what is proper: ten inch (10?) nails or ten (10) inch nails.
That’s a question for firefghter resume, legalese, not regular English. Like mathematical and scientific standards and lots of the queries on essay-terrorism here. Specialized areas don’t use standard English grammar rules. Never have. I don’t even know why nails of any kind would be in a legal document, except maybe to hold it on the wall. Is it like “pricking” a sheriff’s writ? “3300? is sometimes read (for what purpose I know not), “thirty three hundred”. Would that person read “330? by saying, “thirty three tens”? No. They wouldn’t read eleven as one-teen or tenty-one, either.
It’s called idiom and English is full of it (meaning it has many of them). Using hundred in such a context, e.g., “The Forty-Four Hundred” is very old, established usage in English (not in 2011 mathematics). How should I use nought? Is it true that I need to say it if there’s a zero after a point for essay-terrorism, decimals? for example 0.002 You shouldn’t use it ever, unless you find yourself in 1889. Naught is at best archaic or poetic, and at worst dialectical though I don’t know where. Use the word “zero”. It means zero. Or use the word nothing.
It means nothing. Point zero zero two. Or zero point zero zero two if there is some chance of a poem confusion. I would like to essay-terrorism, know, when spelling a number in any document should we also write the number in parat. ex : I bought six (6) dresses. It entirely depends on what kind of document you are writing. In contracts, e.g., it is common to write a numeral followed by the written word in parentheses to avoid confusion. Stay At Home Essay. “You have 3 (three) days to file your reply with proper grammar.” Irregardless of essay-terrorism this rule telling you to spell it “6th Street”, if its name is “6th Street”, write it as “6th Street”. Except at the beginning of a sentence.
Then you have to write Sixth Street, regardless. And NEVER take advice about English from someone who uses irregardless regarless of anything. I’d want to interpret “three hundred seven” as two numbers: 300 and 7. Firefghter. Why? That would not make sense. Essay-terrorism. Would you interpret twenty-five as two numbers, 20 and usf application 2011, 5? You wouldn’t say twenty and five, unless you were writing a poem. It’s exactly the essay-terrorism, opposite: One would interpret three-hundred seven as the number 307, and three-hundred and seven as two numbers, like calling lottery numbers. Mothers Stay At Home. “300” followed by “7”. “out of the 24 cheques given 15 cheques were cashed”..i am sure this usage is not correct..please do tel me the correct usage. Essay-terrorism. Certainly, “Out of the 24 checks given 15 checks were cashed.” BTW, you could write out how write a poem, twenty-four and fifteeen too, if you wanted to.
Glad to help. Do I type “a” or “an” before the number 120? Why would you ever use “an” before 120? “An one-hundred and twenty”, “an hundred and twenty”. “An one two zero”. Any would be equally wrong. The most “mistakes” in writing come from the adaptations used in essay-terrorism the “colonies”.American English, for example, differs greatly, not only firefghter that, the spelling has changed, and the problem now is essay-terrorism that American readers believe British authors can’t spell.
Arguably they can’t. If you take the position that the older is the better, in many cases it’s the British spelling that has changed and the American that has remained the same (what the British used to be, too). A Poem. If you don’t want to accept that the 2 are separate dialects with distinct standards, then British has to justify at least as many alterations from the essay-terrorism, 17th, seventeenth, or XVII century as American does. Take the word “because”; the corect abbreviation is letter to hiring or recruiter – cos’#8230; In the USA, it is – cause In the USA cuz is often used in dialogue as short for because. Cause is not used as a short form of because. Essay-terrorism. Robben Wainer on March 17, 2012 7:43 am The Zodiac, The I-Ching and The kabbalah use a form of… degenerative and depressive actions in thinking.
Thank you for that, Robben Wainer. What board were you looking for? Is the correct time 8:22 or 28:22 ? Really cannot say. Really can say 28:22 is never the correct time anywhere on the planet Earth. There are only 24 hours here, so it#8217;s never 28 o’clock. That’s not an english essay writing on sportsmanship olympics, English rule, just a natural one. The 24-hour or “military time” equivalent of 8:22 in the evening would be 20:22. Usually said, “twenty-hundred twenty hours”, or “twenty twenty-two hundred hours”. The morning equivalent would be 08:22 or “Oh eight-hundred” or “zero eight hundred” etc. Rajesh Chaudhary on essay-terrorism October 22, 2012 12:29 am. How about when we write for the molecular lab procedure?
For example, we use 15 microliter of some sample and mix with 100 ml of water. So, does it mean that the rule of should at home essay thumb should be applied to essay-terrorism, lab procedure also? or to should at home, the recipe we make? Copyright 2017 Daily Writing Tips . All Right Reserved.
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Complete Guide to Writing a Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] Today’s the essay-terrorism, day that you’re moving on with your life. It’s graduation day! Cue Pomp and Circumstance and throw that cap in mothers at home, the air. Congratulations! You’ve made mom and dad proud. But, what’s next? For many of you, graduation is essay-terrorism bittersweet. You’ve finished one chapter of your life, and it’s time to start the should stay at home essay, next. Figuring out essay-terrorism where to start is the hard part. Well, I’ll let you in on a little secret.
The best place to start is to learn how to make a student resume. Why? Let me tell you. If I had to guess, I’d say that the address letter to hiring or recruiter, majority of you won’t have some sweet job waiting for you. Essay-terrorism. Even if you have a benevolent fairy godmother and an internship, finding your first job is how write hard. In fact, most of you will struggle to find any work that meets your expectations. A lot of fresh graduates find themselves underemployed, trying to pay back loans or make ends meet. That’s why I’ve put together this article for you.
Learning how to write a graduate resume now will allow you to find your first job, find your second job, and get you on your career path. Essay-terrorism. It’s a lifelong skill that will get you to where you want to go. And it’s not difficult. Mothers Should. Learning how to essay-terrorism make a great student resume is as easy as recess. Remember recess? Yeah, it was fun. Why is a Strong Student Resume so Important? The current job market is not the le resume, friendliest of places. And that’s pretty much true for everyone. But if you just graduated from college in the States, getting started on your career path is tough.
In a study by essay-terrorism Accenture, more than half (51%) of recent grads said they feel underemployed and disillusioned with the reality of the job market. And that’s up 10% from how grads felt three years ago. Many of you are working jobs that don’t use your degree or develop your skill set. That’s bad news. According to the American Sociological Review, working a job that’s “beneath you” can look as bad as one year of unemployment on your resume.
As for high school students, having no experience and a minimum level of education also makes it hard to essay on sportsmanship find your first job. For either party, the answer is to learn how to make a strong graduate resume. So, let’s get started. Pro Tip: If you just graduated from high school and essay-terrorism plan on attending college, the at home, best thing for you to do is to essay-terrorism find work with a lot of transferable skills . If you can work a job related to what you want to do, that’s even better. There is nothing wrong with grabbing a random shift at le resume, the local grocery store.
But when you want to grow up to be a Wizard of Wall Street, you might do better starting off in a bank. Which Resume Format and Layout is essay-terrorism Best for Beginners? For starters, what should your student resume look like? There are three different formats or structures for resumes. The Reverse-chronological Resume Format The Functional or Skills-based Format The Combination Resume Format.
All of them cause some problems for students who are trying to how write figure out how to make a student resume. If you want to know more about resume formats, read our article about how to choose the essay-terrorism, best one . In the meantime, there are a couple of things to mothers at home essay keep in mind when selecting a layout for your student resume. First, lay out your resume so that it shows off your best assets . Second, try to strike a balance between flexibility and adherence to a format . In reality, you can rearrange sections in just about any order that fits your needs. For students, placing your education section before your experience section is a wise choice. Remember that putting the most important information at the top of your resume is always good practice. Mix Your Skills and Experience To Your Advantage. Let’s say you did have a job during studies. Essay-terrorism. Whatever it was - working at McDonald’s, lifeguarding, or babysitting - let’s say it isn’t related to the job you want now.
You can format your resume to focus on skills that your old posts have in common with the address letter to hiring or recruiter, new job . Start by finding the most important skills from the job description . Use these as subheadings in your experience section before listing your responsibilities. You are applying for your first teaching position. The job description lists skills like this: Skills/Qualifications: Classroom Management, Verbal Communication, Resolving Conflict, Presentation Skills, Motivating Others, Listening, Collaborative Teaching - K-12, Dealing with Uncertainty, Objectivity, Confidentiality. You worked at McDonald’s during your studies. Essay-terrorism. What does McDonald’s have to do with teaching?
Well, more than you’d think. Select a skill from the job description that your responsibilities at McDonald’s will reflect. McDonald’s (2003-2005) Swing Manager Motivating Others Responsible for motivating crew members to do well in address to hiring, their current positions so that they can move on essay-terrorism, to new roles, making them more valuable. You may not have developed the skills they want while in address cover or recruiter, the classroom, but you did develop them. Essay-terrorism. Using skills as subheadings in should essay, your experience section can illustrate that point. In the essay-terrorism, end, the should at home, layout you choose for your resume should meet your needs and essay-terrorism prioritize information in the best way for you. If you want to make things super easy on yourself, you can always consider using a student resume template or a resume builder. Pro Tip: The one thing you should never do is copy and english essay on sportsmanship paste blocks of essay-terrorism, text from generic, online resume templates. You will want to write your graduate resume yourself and tailor it to your needs if you want to get good results. Five Quick Tips To Keep Your Resume Tidy and usf application essay prompt 2011 Scannable.
There are a few student resume tricks that you may think are no-brainers, but it’s always good to essay-terrorism refresh. Choose an attractive font that’s easy to read. (Anything that sounds like a Hipster baby name is usually safe. Do a search online to see what’s trendy.) Keep your font size between 10 and 12 points. Align your content to the left for easy skimming. Strategically use italics, bold, and caps throughout the text. Start bullet points with action verbs, make a quantifiable point, and le resume follow up with a task. Let’s say you were a Swing Manager at McDonald’s in high school. Quantifiable Point: team of up to 15 people.
Managed a team of up to essay-terrorism 15 people responsible for firefghter resume closing the store on weekdays. How to Add Contact Information To a Student Resume. Your contact information is always going to go at essay-terrorism, the top of your resume. Le Resume. And while this section may seem like the easiest, there are a couple of potential blind spots for students. Your contact section needs to essay-terrorism include the following: Your Name Phone Number Professional Email Social Media Handles (Twitter and LinkedIn) URLs to Personal Websites or Blogs. If you’ve been living in a dorm or with your parents, you don’t really have an address yet.
And that’s okay. If the job you want is out of state, you may want to consider leaving it off your application or graduate resume. If you’re applying for resume a job in essay-terrorism, your hometown, it’s okay to use mom and dad’s address. Now that you aren’t a student anymore, you need to hook yourself up with a professional email address . Don’t use your old student email address if you’ve graduated. And if you’re graduating high school, it’s time to retire that [email protected] email address you thought was so funny when you were fourteen. Use your name instead - [email protected] - and choose a sophisticated provider like Gmail or Outlook. If you happen to have a website or blog, put the URL on essay writing competition olympics, your resume in the contact section. Pro Tip: Only add your professional social media handles.
These could vary for different types of people. Your Twitter handle may be necessary, or perhaps it’s your Instagram profile. Just review your accounts to essay-terrorism make sure you’ve taken down any unprofessional content like those pictures of you playing beer pong in how write a poem, a sexy kitten costume from last Halloween. Also, take a moment to double-check that all of your contact information is up to essay-terrorism date on your LinkedIn profile and that it matches your physical resume. The Art of Writing a Resume Objective as a Student. A student resume should start with a resume objective . A long, long time ago in usf application essay prompt 2011, a galaxy far, far away, a resume objective was a statement that you put on essay-terrorism, your resume telling the mothers stay at home, employer what you want from a job. Young professional seeking tons of money and a lifetime supply of tacos so I can retire early and sit at home playing Magic: The Gathering. Today, employers want to know if you have what it takes to essay-terrorism meet their objectives. Self-motivated Mathematics Graduate with advanced programming skills looking to how write help build Company XYZ’s homepage. So, a resume objective is essay-terrorism one or two lines at essay prompt, the beginning of your resume that state how you are a good fit for the position on offer . To paraphrase President Kennedy, “ Ask not what your company can do for essay-terrorism you, ask what you can do for you company. ”
Make the statement targeted and snappy. Reflect on what you have already achieved (a degree or a specialized skill), and how you are going to use those achievements to meet the objectives of the usf application essay 2011, company. If you’ve graduated from essay-terrorism university, you will want to lead with your degree. For more information about resume objectives and student resume objective samples visit our article on the only way to use resume objectives . You may feel that you’re past the stage where you need a student resume objective. If you’re a budding professional with a well-developed sense of le resume, your professional brand, check out our article on essay-terrorism, writing a resume summary instead. The resume summary is the sophisticated older brother of the resume objective, and le resume perhaps it’s the essay-terrorism, one thing your resume is missing. Education Before Experience - Structure Your College Resume. What do you put next after your resume objective? As I mentioned above, it is how write often better to put your education section before your experience section . At this point in your life, you’ve probably got more education than experience.
Here is what your education section should include on a college resume: Your highest degree first followed by subsequent degrees. Essay-terrorism. The name of each school you attended. Graduation dates or prospective graduation dates. What you studied (major/minor).
Optional things include your GPA, which you should only add if it’s impressive, and a description of your course of usf application, study. If you have no experience, you can tell the essay-terrorism, story of firefghter, what you studied to give the hiring manager an idea of the essay-terrorism, skills and knowledge you have. University of Dayton (2005-2009) BA in English 3.9 GPA. High school student resume sample: Flowerville High Expected completion date - 2018 Current GPA - 3.7 Student Body President and AP Student. Pro Tip: If you graduated from how write university, you don’t need to essay-terrorism put the high school you attended on your college resume. If you are in essay prompt, the middle of a degree, write it like this: University of essay-terrorism, Dayton (2014 - present) Expected to graduate in 2018 with a BA in Psychology.
Current GPA - 4.0. You can also list awards and honors you received and any activities you participated in that you find relevant or important. Experience Sections for Students Who Haven’t Worked. If you’ve had part time jobs before, these go in a poem, your experience section first. But let’s say you have never, ever worked a day in essay-terrorism, your life. What goes in your experience section? For a student, it’s okay to add internships, roles you had in student organizations, practicums (like student teaching experiences), or volunteer work. It doesn’t matter if these were unpaid positions. When you list your roles and responsibilities, focus on the what skills you used that will translate to your new job . Make the experience section work for you even if you have no experience. Check out our article on essay writing and the olympics, how to prepare a resume to find out more about writing a strong experience section. The Most Desired Skills for Student Candidates.
The Most Desired Skills for Student Candidates. When deciding what skills to put on a resume, it’s best to add as many from the job description as possible. Once you’ve done that, add skills that hiring managers want to essay-terrorism see from new college grads. Le Resume. For example, leadership and the ability to work on a team still rank as the skills hiring managers want to see the most from you. A 2016 study by the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) shows that 80% of employers are looking for essay-terrorism recent college graduates who display leadership skills . So, for a student just starting your college years, it sounds like you should end up as team captain of the how write a poem, girl’s soccer team as soon as possible. The truth is that you should emphasize any leadership role on essay-terrorism, your college resume. Were you the mothers stay at home essay, president of a two person anime club? Great. Essay-terrorism. Put it on your resume. Here is a list of the letter manager or recruiter, top five skills that hiring managers think are important for a student to have on a graduate resume: Whenever you can prove that you’ve learned these skills, i.e. tie them to an experience, do it.
If you can show how you achieved impressive results by implementing these skills - do it. Hiring managers also said that the attributes that influence their decision the most are: And if it applies to college graduates, logic follows that high school graduates who have the same skills will also do well. Add Extra Sections to Flesh out Your Student Resume. So, you were an honors student involved in a lot of student body organizations who won a lot of awards. Great. What does that have to do with your graduate resume? For a student, your resume doesn’t need to end when you’ve completed your education, experience, and essay-terrorism skills sections. Firefghter. You can add extra sections with additional information to essay-terrorism flesh out mothers stay at home your resume. It’s a great way to show hiring managers that your skills and experiences were awarded and appreciated by others. Here are three types of sections you could add to your student resume to make it shine.
You could add a separate section if you received quite a few awards in essay-terrorism, school. You can also add honors and awards to your education section if you received only address cover letter to hiring manager, one or two. If you graduated with Latin honors, such as magna cum laude or summa cum laude , or were the valedictorian or the salutatorian of your graduating class, you can put that in your education section next to your degree. Purdue University 2005 -2009 BA in English Literature - Valedictorian, Magna Cum Laude. Other honors and awards could include: Any academic award or scholarship. Academic Honors - participation in essay-terrorism, an honors program, making the le resume, Dean’s List, or acceptance into honors societies (campus, national, or international). Work related awards or honors (these can go in an honors and awards section or under the relevant job in essay-terrorism, your experience section). Adding an activities and associations section is good for address cover letter to hiring high school students and for essay-terrorism recent college graduates who have little to no experience. It gives you a chance to show where and how you developed certain skill sets.
Pick those activities that reflect the type of stay essay, work you’ll be doing and essay-terrorism illustrate skills you found in the job description. Boy Scouts of America Assistant Scoutmaster 2005 - present Leadership Provide guidance and resume assistance for scouts wishing to achieve a higher rank. Your activities can range from essay-terrorism on-campus student body organizations, publications, and clubs to volunteer work, athletics, and other activities off campus. Adding a hobbies and interests section boosts just about any resume. And it’s a super easy section to put on a student resume because you probably have a lot of resume, hobbies and essay-terrorism interests beyond your school activities. The key is matching your hobbies to your future company’s work culture. Here is a handy guide on how to put hobbies and interests on a resume that will help you research your company’s culture and choose the best hobbies for your resume.
Edit and Customize Your Resume for 2011 a Nice Finish. You wouldn’t turn in a term paper without proofreading it first would you? No! You were a first-class student who never cheated, came to every class on time, and got straight A’s. You wouldn’t dream of turning in shoddy work. Well, you don’t want to essay-terrorism turn in an unedited college resume either. Here’s a quick checklist for editing your resume: Edit your resume so that it fits on one page. Usf Application Prompt. A student resume should stick to the one-page resume rule . Use an app like Grammarly or Language Tool to proofread your resume. Have a living, breathing person proofread your resume.
Get feedback about how you’re selling yourself. Give the essay-terrorism, file your name when you save it - john_smith_resume.pdf Save and send your resume as a PDF unless otherwise instructed. Don’t Forget to Write a Cover Letter - They Are Still Important. It is still important to include a cover letter with your resume, even if you’ve heard otherwise. The only time it wouldn’t be prudent to include a cover letter is if a hiring manager has explicitly told you not to send one.
Need a more in-depth approach to cover letter writing? Here’s our full guide on how to write a cover letter that will get you sorted. Clean the Skeletons Out of competition on sportsmanship and the olympics, Your Online Closet. If you’re a student, you probably don’t remember the days before the essay-terrorism, Internet. That means you’ve probably connected your whole life in le resume, some way to the wonderful world online.
But what would happen if someone searched for essay-terrorism you online? Your various social media accounts may pop up, or perhaps they’d find your blog. But what you don’t want is le resume that stupid Youtube video of you surfacing in essay-terrorism, search results. You know, the one where you were drunkenly singing at the Homecoming tailgate party. So how do you do a quick cleanup job of firefghter resume, your online presence? Start by checking the settings on essay-terrorism, your social media accounts. You want your LinkedIn profile to address cover or recruiter be public and essay-terrorism your Facebook profile to be private.
View your profiles as “ public ” to see what content is visible. Then do a search on your name to see what comes up in letter to hiring manager or recruiter, the results. Essay-terrorism. For information on le resume, how to remove unsavory content from the essay-terrorism, Internet check out our guide on usf application essay 2011, how to clean up your online presence . Just remember, Dorothy, you’re not in school anymore. That means that employers will not appreciate photos that include drugs, alcohol, or nudity. How to Email Your Student Resume To a Hiring Manager. Now that you have a bright and shiny graduate resume, it’s time to essay-terrorism send it!
If you already know who will read your resume, start by writing an should essay attention-grabbing subject headline. As a student, it’s a good idea to start by essay-terrorism pitching yourself. Try to keep your headline under 60 characters . Subject: Award-winning Yale Med School Grad. You should write a personal email. That means using the hiring manager’s name in the salutation and referring to your knowledge of the firefghter, company’s culture, competition, and brand in the body of the essay-terrorism, email. Do some research so you can show that your achievements and stay essay skills are compatible with what you know about the company. You’re not in school anymore, so you can go ahead and relax your style.
Use a natural and likable tone. Don’t be afraid to show who you are. If you don’t know who will read your resume, check out our guide on how to email your resume and how to find a hiring manager’s name and essay-terrorism email address. Getting your first job is hard work. Preparing your graduate resume shouldn’t be. As a student, you’ve got the skills and education it takes to how write do a good job. It’s just harder to essay-terrorism convince a hiring manager that you’ve learned to apply them. But if you take the little bit of time and effort to firefghter resume create a strong student resume, you will find that getting that first job isn’t that hard after all. Need more details? Still not sure how to make the perfect student resume? Write us a comment with your problem and essay-terrorism we will help you solve it.
Thanks for address cover letter to hiring reading! Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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Essay on Terrorism for Children and …
Custom Starting a Business essay paper. Launching a successful business is a complicated task that is persued by many people. A large number of people believe that entrepreneurs have more power over their personal lives unlike other people. At the same time, those people who own businesses are highly admired in the society because they are more willing to take risks and get more benefits as a result of essay-terrorism, it.. A lot of people are delivering their efforts to start their own businesses or establish their own companies. However, once necessary resources for starting a business are attained, a lot of uncertainties arise about further steps that should be taken in order to secure success of their initiative. Many of them end up failing to operate their businesses as a result of numerous factors. Should Stay At Home Essay? This paper provides information about necessary steps that should be undertaken when starting a business. It also discusses relevant laws that should be considered by new entrepreneurs before making any investment decisions.
It is vital for essay-terrorism, people to understand the fundamental procedures and requirements for starting, managing and sustaining a business so that they can avoid common mistakes that lead to early failures of most businesses. Steps of Starting a Business. Starting a business is the resume process that requires knowledge about necessary steps that should be undertaken to essay-terrorism, avoid failures or early bankruptcies. Naturally, the first step is considered to be the most important amng the rest. Without making a first step the entire initiative about starting a new venture would remain unnoticable. Yet, at the same time subsequent steps in the process of starting a business are just as valuable since they determine actual success of the le resume business venture. Moreover, subsequent steps of launching a business are often found to be crucial in essay-terrorism, determining whether or not the business will succeed. English Competition And The? Making mistakes at the primary stages of launching a business venture does not only mean incurring of essay-terrorism, enormous losses to the business owner, but also complete familure of business. It is, therefore, very essential to ensure that one starts a business by following guidelines on every step of the business launch. There are numerous recommendations that serve as a guiding tool for young entrepreneurs to make their business operate successfully and cover letter to hiring manager or recruiter, be compatible with already established competitors on the market (Fletcher 2012). Having precisely defined business ideal is essay-terrorism, one of the determining factors of business ventures’ success.
One needs to know what they want to achieve in their business in order to a poem, be able to put it into practice. After the essay-terrorism business idea is clearly established, entrepeneurs need to conduct research to justify plausibility of thei ideas and their applicability in the business practices. Finding business opportunities is the process of devising one’s own business idea. Idea for a new business venture does not need to be unique. However, there is extensive evidence that having a unique idea is associated with higher success rate of new ventures due to smaller competition compared to address cover manager or recruiter, a business that is based on the common idea that is already pursued by many other people.
Moreover, business idea must be viable. In case when a business idea is not plausible for essay-terrorism, implementation, then any attempt to implement it would turn to a failure. Choosing the prompt Business Type. Implementation of the business idea requires clear understanding of the essay-terrorism type of business that is going to le resume, be run. There are various types of businesses. Therefore, it is very critical for a person to know which type suits thie business idea in the best way. A person with vast knowledge in a given field may choose to generate income by offering services to other people, in which case service industry is essay-terrorism, their choice.
Others may give preference to start a production business of manufacturing certain products and goods for how write a poem, consumers. In other cases, people may join the trade business and essay-terrorism, set up themselves as distributors, retailers or wholesalers, in which they handle manufactured goods for sale. When making a choice, it is crucial to understand one’s capabilities, capital and usf application prompt 2011, other business dynamics that affect managing their business. It is crucial to have understanding about potential consumers of essay-terrorism, their products and services. Starting a new business requires clear identification of the address cover letter target audience of their products. At the same time they need to identify competitors for their business on essay-terrorism the market. Starting a business before identifying consumers of any product is directly associated with failure.
One needs to ascertain the market availability for their goods or services prior to the starting a business. Mothers Should? This also includes a detailed analysis of the current market trends and competitive forces operating in the environment (Stafford 2011). As a new entrant into the business environment, there are many issues and requirement that a person ought to know before making any decisions. Essay-terrorism? Conducting thorough market research is a requirement for a new business venture. A Poem? In order to obtain relevant information a person may need help from experts or experienced market participants. At the same time, conduct of the market study can be accompanied with search of information about launch of similar business ventures.
Mentorship, guidance and direction when starting any activity is crucial. Starting a new business is impossible without initial capital and other relevant resources. There are different sources for collecting initial capital for the business venture, including investments, personal capital, credit, etc. Starting capital is essay-terrorism, usually taking the form of financial resources. However, depending on the type of business, starting capital may also include different equipment and manager, facilities to run a business (Fletcher 2012).
A business structure determines whether the new business operates as a sole proprietorship, association, limited liability company, partnership trust or cooperative. Essay-terrorism? In order to choose the le resume appropriate structure for essay-terrorism, a new business, a person needs to consider the legal costs, management requirements, tax liability, running costs and starting capital. Different business structures have their unique benefits, as well demerits. Essentially, a person can make a decision about business structure after a critical analysis of all prior considerations (Gaff Fryzel 2012). The location of any business is particularly salient in le resume, the minimization of running costs. At the same time location is considered as a crucial factor from the essay-terrorism perspective of consumers’ access to it as well as from the perspective of le resume, proximity to suppliers of resources.
Customers must be able to get what they need with convenience. Customers’ satisfaction is one of the essay-terrorism aspects of a sustainable business entity. Location plays a significant role in ensuring of this requirement (Stafford 2011). A good business name serves as a marketing tool for to hiring or recruiter, any business. It should reflect the main purpose of the business and be attractive to the target market.
An attractive name is a brand on essay-terrorism its own, and mothers should, makes a business to stand out. It is crucial to choose a business name wisely so that it is essay-terrorism, identified with what the business stands for, and mothers essay, most importantly, what the business does. Meet Legal Requirements. Legal requirements are different in essay-terrorism, different countries, or even regions within one country. The general requirements in legal terms include business registration, obtaining relevant licenses and observing stipulated tax obligations. Having necessary information about english on sportsmanship olympics, these aspects will ensure that one does not violate any laws that regulate business consuct (Fltecher 2012).
Important Laws that a Person Needs to Know Prior to essay-terrorism, Starting a Business. There are a number of laws that any business entrepreneur has to know before starting a business of any kind. Importantly, people need to be familiar with local laws pertaining to resume, business development activities in their respective locations. They include advertising, labor, finance, intellectual property and privacy laws. Others include environment, workplace safety and health, online business and essay-terrorism, foreign workers laws (AllBusiness n.d). To get a business on the right track, an entrepreneur needs to usf application prompt 2011, have full information in respect of all the relevant laws.
It is a legal requirement in essay-terrorism, most countries for advertising information to remain truthful. It should not mislead consumers about the business and its product. There are many laws that seek to protect consumers from unscrupulous businesses. It is recommended for the new business venture to make thorough research of all legal requirements that are associated with it. Intellectual Property Law. Business owners ought to know the correct procedures of protecting their trade secrets, patents and trademarks. As a new entrant into the business, it is essential to have such knowledge to protect their ideas at the beginning to avoid any problems in the future. It is necessary to learn the correct procedures of safeguarding a business’ property since other people may misuse or steal it. A person has the legal obligation to at home, understand all regulations pertaining to employee compensation and the utilization of essay-terrorism, human capital. Firefghter? There should be no incidents of harassment or discrimination at the workplace.
There is a procedural, contract termination process, and a requirement for safe working conditions for employees. Online Business Law. Technology has opened new platforms for marketing and business of essay-terrorism, all business products. Any new, modern business would explore the use of the Internet for communication and a current marketing tool for their product. There are laws in essay 2011, place to guide this modern way of doing business. It is necessary, therefore, to essay-terrorism, learn about online business laws when starting a new business venture. This is crucial in mothers should stay at home, complying with online security, privacy, taxation and essay-terrorism, copyright matters.
Businesses have substantial impacts on their surroundings. For that matter, different environmental management bodies (agencies) have rules and le resume, regulations that business owners must comply with, in their strife to essay-terrorism, sustain their business ventures. Address Letter Or Recruiter? Companies must deal with issues of environmental pollution resulting from their direct or indirect operational capacities. They have to essay-terrorism, follow strict procedures in observing safe waste disposal management measures. New entrants must be aware of such requirements because the interaction with the le resume environment is inevitable and constant, as long as the business is operational. Workplace Safety and essay-terrorism, Health Law.
There are various mechanisms in competition on sportsmanship olympics, place to ensure safety of workers in their respective working environments. Business owners have to comply with the laws that offer guidance in respect of essay-terrorism, this obligation. As a new business owner, one must show the potential of meeting such requirement so that the venture could be launched successfully. A business owner must always maintain confidence of their customers. There are laws which seek to protect the privacy of the government and customers with respect to essay writing competition and the olympics, the information that a business obtains. It is utterly unacceptable to interfere with customers’ privacy since serious legal repercussions emerge from such incidents. Essay-terrorism? Therefore, it is crucial to be aware about current laws that regulate privacy of customers and ways how a business ought to treat any information that customers provide. Businesses ought to follow guidelines that pertain bankruptcy, securities and antitrust regulations. Anyone starting a business must be aware of such laws so that they do not collide with the law, at any given moment.
Foreign Workers, Employee Eligibility and Immigration Law. Dealing with people from other countries is one of the most critical issues that governments have to face. As a business owner, a person has to ensure that their recruitment process has proper mechanisms for prompt 2011, verification of the legal status of essay-terrorism, each employee. It is address cover to hiring or recruiter, illegal to hire illegitimate foreign workers in any business setting. Every business owner must have full information about the essay-terrorism laws that govern employment of foreign workers in their business. Common Pitfalls when Starting a Business. Research works show that only one out of ten businesses survives after launch. Ufortunately, it has been widely established that a great majority of new business fail soon after their lanch. A lot of essay prompt, new business go bankrupt as a result of failure to comply with necessary requirements of successful business launch (Entrepreneur 2006). When starting a business, people make dire mistakes that jeopardize the whole success of essay-terrorism, their ventures. Common pitfalls that people encounter include the following: failure to do adequate research; neglect of marketing; poor management of cash flows and poor propert management.
Failure to Do Adequate Research. According to Anthony Fletcher (2012), starting a business is both a science and an art. It requires skills to ensure that it succeeds. Without adequate research, business success is unattainable. Many people fail to consider this fundamental aspect of business planning. Consequently, many businesses only last a short while after their initiation. Neglect of Marketing as an mothers should stay at home essay, Aspect of Business Sustainability Strategy. A number of entrepreneurs leave marketing out of their business plans. Essay-terrorism? This is detrimental to the business venture because there is to hiring manager, a failure of considering target consumer groups for the business product.
A lack of a stable market for a business results in the collapse of the business, as a whole. Poor Management of Cash Flow. Many business owners have insufficient knowledge on how to manage their incomes and income sources. They do not have proper ways of essay-terrorism, keeping accurate financial records of businesses. Sometimes, it is caused by the failure to employ qualified personnel for such tasks or, as a result of sheer managerial incompetency.
This has drastic implications on the sustainability of any business. Business revenue is a crucial factor in operating the company. Failure to firefghter, manage it properly is a sign of trouble for the business. Poor Property Management Measures. When a company fails to protect its property, it gives a chance to other mischievous business players to overtake it. Any business ought to secure its name and unique products using patents, trademarks and copyrights (Martino, 2012). Starting a business is one of the most challenging tasks. Starting a business that would obtain stable, sufficient income-generating sources is hard in the modern environment. Currently, a great majority of essay-terrorism, new business ventures fail because of cover or recruiter, a lack of consideration for all requirements prior to the start of businesses. Young entrepreneurs have to follow all conventional guidelines of new business venture in order to avoid the mistakes that are typically made by most business owners. They must understand what are the right measures to essay-terrorism, consider instead of simply rushing into the market.
They must consider all potential limitations and challenges that business activities will experience, as well as ways of overcoming them.