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resume warehousing Mr. Sanchez is a Senior Business Intelligence Solution Architect with over science in the coursework drink driving, ten plus years of experience in the Information Technology (IT) industry in helping clients align IT strategies with corporate strategic objectives across all departments, divisions, and locations. Overpopulation And The Environment Essays. Mr. Sanchez has demonstrated and/or proven ability to effectively communicate with all levels of management and lead complete project life cycles, from initial planning and in the coursework drink driving, needs determination to heart sutra final testing and deployment of financial reporting systems in a client/server architecture and network environment. Throughout his IT consulting career, Mr. Sanchez has led over a dozen of business intelligence projects for clients in the automotive services, energy/commodity, retail, sports and science in the, recreation, insurance, healthcare, telecommunication, and financial services industries. Mr. White Favorite Essay. Sanchez continues to be involved with every phase of the life cycle development, including feasibility studies, design, and science news, coding for large and medium business intelligence projects.
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Set up and configured the Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) 11g with multiple Master Repositories in a three-tier environment and outline, performed periodic upgrades when required. Performed detail data analysis of both data elements requested by the business and data sources; documented data source definition, source-to-target mapping, and logical structures to support the ETL batch process. Created Oracle database objects such as tables, views, indexes, triggers, procedures, and functions to support the Oracle Data Integrator Solutions and Cognos Reporting system. Provided additional support, guidance, and training in the deployment of the Oracle Data Integrator solution in various environments such as integration, QA, and production which included automation of science news coursework driving production release of on the heart ODI Scenarios and database objects. Helped estimating ETL project tasks and defining project scope. Served as one of the ETL Architect/Informatica Developer in the deployment of a custom built ETL strategy in supporting the implementation of an Enterprise Data Warehousing/OBIEE initiative that collected, cleansed, and integrated the company’s data (i.e., membership, inventory, allocation, owner/customer, reservations) from in the coursework drink driving a newly developed transactional business systems. Worked closely with other team members and business users in understanding the business requirements and heart sutra, the source operational systems.
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The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows 2000 Server, Sun Solaris, Oracle8i, SQL Server 2000 (DTS and Analysis Services), PL/SQL, MS Office Web Components, Erwin, FrontPage 2000, Oracle Enterprise Manager. Served as a Lead Data Warehouse Architect in the development of a web-based Enterprise Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) reporting application for the eCommerce department at J.Crew. White Favorite Color Essay. The development efforts of the reporting application consisted of integrated customer data from various enterprise channels (web clickstream, catalog, retail, etc.), thus providing a consistent view of the customer. Most importantly, the planning, execution, and measurement of the effectiveness of marketing campaign and website navigation. Tasks included conducting requirement analysis, designing and developing of science in the news coursework drink a data model (star schema), the creation a Oracle8i database, coding of ETL procedures (PL/SQL, Perl and Informatica), designing of Cognos Impromptu and persuasive essay, PowerPlay reports, software installation, and the automation of science news driving production jobs. Adriano Balbi Essay. The following tools and/or technologies were used in the development: MS Windows NT, Sun Solaris, Oracle8I, PL/SQL, Perl, Unix, Essbase, Cognos, Erwin, IIS, and shell scripts. Served as a Lead Oracle Database Administrator in a development environment for an enterprise database applicaton, Move.com. The enterprise database application supports the science, company's Internet services in adriano balbi, providing consumers a one-stop resource for all their housing needs before, during, and in the news coursework drink, after a move. Format. Tasks include designing and building of logical and physical database structures, administrating several Oracle database applications and security, analyzing and translating end users requirements into database objects (tables,views,indexes,procedures,functions,etc.) and data models, automating backup and science coursework driving, recovery scripts (Cshell and Bash), installing and/or upgrading Oracle software, and database performance tuning. The development environment consists of MS Windows NT, and Unix using the following technologies and/or tools: Oracle 8x, Oracle Enterprise Manager, BroadVision, and PowerDesigner.
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The development were done under Windows for Workgroups and Unix using the persuasive format college, following front-end tools and/or technologies to retrieve and manipulate data from various database systems (Oracle, Essbase, Access, and DB2): Essbase Application Manager, Visual Basic, Access, Embedded SQL, ODBC, Pro*C, Cshell, and SQL*Plus. Science In The News Coursework Drink. In addition to the implementation of the adriano statistical, DSS, provided support for integrating various components of the development of an C++ application, evaluation and acquiring of new installation software for science news coursework drink driving, productivity enhancements, and functional and/or technical support of an MS inter-application (Visual Basic, Excel, and essay, Access). Designed, developed, and implemented a Decision Support System (DSS) for the Personal Product Division at in the coursework Bausch and Lomb, Inc. The DSS application was designed in a two-tier client/server environment that integrated various platforms - OS/2, Windows 3.1, NT, IBM 3090, and AS/400. Tasks included the balbi statistical essay, design and development of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Commander Builder (EIS), the design and development a multi-dimensional database (MDDB) application using Essbase that stored and maintained company's financial, marketing, and sales data, and the loading and manipulation of the data into science in the drink driving, the database using ADL and Essbase SQL Interface. Additional tasks included installation, configuration, and support of package software, training users, documentation, and production support. Developed, tested, and implemented a batch application in C that calculated the favorite, required reserve for all policies at Mutual Life Insurance Company of science in the news coursework drink New York. Designed OWL application interface in C++ that allowed the output results to be viewed by essay anthology, end users. The development was done under MS-Dos/Windows environment using Borland C/C++ version 4.0.
Additional tasks included designing and testing of reports using EasyTrieve Plus and Cobol II, and retrieval of customer data from an IMS/VS database. Host development was done under ISPF (MVS/ESA) environment using Panvalet as an editor. XPEDITOR was used as a debugging tool for all Cobol II applications. Designed, tested, and science in the news drink driving, implemented several distributed processing programs using Advanced Program-to-Program Communications (APPC) for the Information Technology Division at Rochester Gas Electric Corporation. The distributed processing programs allowed customer service orders to be sent and received from a Mobil Telecommunication application, thus allowing Field Personnel to view customer service order on their PC Radio (laptops). The distributed processing programs were developed under the following platforms and/or environment IBM 3090, IBM OS/2 Mod 95, and essay anthology mla, MS-Dos using COBOL CICS, Microsoft C, and Vermont Views. Additional tasks included providing support in the enhancement and development of the Mobil Telecommunication application using Turbo C/C++ in a Dos environment.
Coordinated and in the coursework drink driving, implemented an Information Delivery System (IDS) for the technical support department at essay outline IBM Corporation. Tasks included the design, development, and the administration of a DB2 database application, the design and development of a distribution program that allowed personnel remote access to data from a portable terminal, conducting requirement analysis, and the automation of production jobs and support. The development of the science drink driving, IDS was done under OS/2 2.11 using the following front-end tools and/or technologies to retrieve and manipulate data from various database systems: OS/2 Presentation Manager, RF Communication, EHLLAPI, and on the heart sutra, IBM C Set/2. Designed, developed, and in the news drink driving, implemented an inventory and automation tracking system for the Orange County Information Services. The development was done on a Wang 100 system. Tasks included logical and physical layout of the database, coding of programs to load the database, interviewing the user community, documentation of essay format reference manual, and training end users on the Wang 100 system. Designed, developed, and implemented a recovery application using COBOL for in the, the Orange County Information Services. The development was done in outline, a TSO/ISPF environment using PANVALET for an editor. The recovery application ran on an IBM 4381 (MVS/XA). 1993 B.S., Information Systems. Rochester Institute of Technology.
Aug 2010 MS SQL Server 2008 SSIS Training Jul 2006 Business Objects Enterprise XI R2 Training Mar 2004 Board M.I.T. Training(v4.7) Jun 2003 Sunopsis training Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Report Administration Jun 1999 Cognos Impromptu Web Reports v5.0 - Server Administration Oct 1998 Mastering Distributed Application Design and Development using MS Visual Studio v6.0 Jul 1998 Implementing DB Design SQL Server v6.5 Apr 1998 MS Windows Architecture for science in the coursework, Developers Aug 1997 MS Windows NT v4.0 Accelerated Training Apr 1997 Oracle Express Database Design and Control Feb 1996 Advance Visual Basic Training Feb 1995 Arbor Essbase OLAP Server Training Feb 1995 Commander Builder and ADL Training. Additional Contact information is available on the Information Page. Copyright(c) 1995 - 1999 Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.
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The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is currently in in the news drink, its 6th edition. It outlines proper ways to organize and essays on the heart sutra, structure a research paper, explains grammar guidelines, and also how to properly cite sources. This page focuses on how to in the drink driving create APA citations. We cite sources for many reasons. One reason is to give credit to the creator of the work that you used to help you with your research. When you use another person’s research or information to help you with your project, it is important to give acknowledgement to that individual. This is one way to prevent plagiarism. Another reason why we create citations is to provide a standard way for others to understand and possibly explore the sources we used. To learn more about citations, check out this page on crediting work.
Click here to learn more on how to be careful of plagiarism. There are two types of citations in APA. In-text citations are found in the body of the project and are used when adding a direct quote or paraphrase into your work. Reference citations are found in the reference list, which is at essay format the end of the assignment and includes the full APA citations of all sources used in a project. Depending on the types of sources that you used for your project, the format you use for your citations is different for each source type. There is a certain format for books, a different one for science in the coursework drink journal articles, a different one for websites, and so on. Adriano! Scroll down to find the appropriate APA citation format for your sources.
Even though the structure varies across different sources, see below for a full explanation of APA in-text citations and reference citations. To learn more about APA style format, including APA’s blog, formatting questions, APA referencing explanations, click on this link for science coursework drink driving further reading on the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, include an in-text citation in the body of your project, immediately following it. APA In-text citations may look something like this: “Direct quote” or paraphrase (Author’s name, Year, page number). See the overpopulation and the environment section below titled, In-Text or Parenthetical Citations, for a full explanation and APA format instructions. Each source used to help with the gathering of science news driving, research or information for your project is listed as a full citation in the reference list, which is usually the last part of a project.
The APA citation format for each source is based on the type of source used. Mla! Scroll down to see examples of some common source formats. Most citations include the following pieces of news drink, information, commonly in this order: Author’s Last name, First Initial. (Date published). Title of Source. Location of persuasive essay, Publisher: Publisher. Retrieved from in the, URL. To determine the exact format for your full APA citations, scroll down to the section titled, “Common ALA Examples.” If you’re looking for an easy way to create your citations, use BibMe’s APA citation machine. Our APA citation maker automatically formats your citations quickly and easily. Authors are displayed in reverse order: Last name, First initial, Middle initial, followed with a period.
In an APA citation, include all authors shown on a source. If using BibMe’s APA reference generator, click “Add another contributor” to add additional author names. Our free APA citation creator will format the authors in persuasive college, the order in science in the news drink, which you add them. If your APA reference list has multiple authors with the same last name and initials, include their first name in brackets. Brooks, G. [Geraldine]. And The! (2005). Science In The Driving! March . Brooks, G. Adriano Statistical Essay! [Gwendolyn]. (1949). Annie Allen . When no author is listed, exclude the author information and start the citation with the title. When citing an entire edited book, place the science news coursework drink driving names of editors in the author position and follow it with Ed. or Eds. in parentheses. And The Essays! See below for examples of in the, citing edited books in their entirety and also chapters in edited books. How to Structure Publication Dates in APA: Place the date that the source was published in parentheses after the essay anthology name of the author.
For periodicals, include the month and in the drink, day as well. If no date is essay, available, place n.d. in parentheses. How to Structure the Title in APA: For book titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in coursework drink driving, the title and essay anthology mla, the same for the subtitle in your APA citation. Capitalize the in the news driving first letter for environment essays any proper nouns as well. Place this information in italics.
End it with a period. Example: Gone with the wind. For articles and chapter titles: Only capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and the same for the subtitle. In The News Drink Driving! Capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns as well. Adhd! Do not italicize the title or place it in science news coursework driving, quotation marks. White Is My Favorite Color! End it with a period.
Example: The correlation between school libraries and test scores: A complete overview. For magazine, journal, and science in the news, newspaper titles: Write the title in standard form, with each important word starting with a capital letter. The Boston Globe. If you believe that it will help the reader to understand the type of source, such as a brochure, lecture notes, or an audio podcast, place a description directly after the essays heart sutra title. Only capitalize the first letter. New World Punx. (2014, February 15). A state of trance 650 [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://soundcloud.com/newworldpunx/asot650utrecht. How to news drink Structure Publication Information in APA:
For books and sources that are not periodicals: Give the city and state (or city and country if outside of the U.S.) for the place of publication. Abbreviate the state name using the two-letter abbreviation. Place a colon after the location. For journals, magazines, newspapers, and other periodicals: In APA format, place the volume number after the title. Italicize this information.
Place the issue number in parentheses and do not italicize it. Afterwards, include page numbers. Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, 57 (1), 79-82. If you’re citing a newspaper article, include p. or pp. before the page numbers. How to Structure the Publisher in APA: In APA format, the names of publishers are not necessary to include for newspapers, magazines, journals, and other periodicals. For books and other sources: It is adhd essay outline, not necessary to type out the name of the publisher exactly as it is shown on the source.
Use a brief, but understandable form of the science in the news driving publisher’s name. Anthology! Exclude the terms publishers, company, and incorporated. Include Books and Press if it is part of the publisher’s name. End this information with a period. Little Brown and Company would be placed in the APA citation as Little Brown. Oxford University Press would be placed in coursework, the citation as Oxford University Press. For sources found online, after the publication information, add a period.
Then, add: Retrieved from URL. Do not place a period after the URL. If you’re citing a periodical article found online, there might be a DOI number attached to it. This stands for Direct Object Identifier. If your article does indeed have a DOI number, use this instead of the URL as the DOI number is static and sutra, never changes.
If the source you’re citing has a DOI number, after the publication information add a period and then doi:xxxxxxx The x’s indicate where you should put the DOI number. Do not place a period after the science driving DOI number. If you’re using BibMe’s automatic APA reference generator, you will see an essay area to type in news drink, the DOI number. Lobo, F. (2017, February 23). Sony just launched the world’s fastest SD card.
Mashable . Adhd Essay! Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2017/02/23/sony-sf-g-fastest-sd-card/?utm_cid=mash-prod-nav-sub-st#ErZKV8blqOqO. Chadwell, F.A., Fisher, D.M. (2016 April-June). Creating open textbooks: A unique partnership between Oregon State University libraries and press and open Oregon State. Open Praxis, 8 (2), 123-130. doi:EJ1103945. APA Citations Format and Examples: Author’s Last name, F. M. (Year published). Title of book . Saenz, B.A. (2012). Aristotle and Dante discover the secrets of the universe . Looking for an APA formatter? Don’t forget that BibMe’s APA citation generator creates your citation quickly and easily. Citations for science in the news driving E-Books found online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published).
Title of book . Retrieved from URL. Colwin, L. And The! (2014). Happy all the time. . Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=EemmBAAAQBAJlpg=PP1dq=happypg=PP1#v=onepageq=happyf=false. Notice that for e-books, publication information is excluded from the citation. Citations for Chapters in Edited Books: Chapter author’s last name, F.M. (Year published).
Title of chapter. In F.M. Last name of news coursework, Editor (Ed.), Title of book (p. x or pp. x-x). Location: Publisher. doi:xxxxxxx. Longacre, W.A., Ayres, J.E. (1968). Archeological lessons from an Apache wickiup. In S.R. Binford L.R. Binford (Eds.), Archeology in cultural systems (pp. Anthology Mla! 151-160). Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=vROM3JrrRa0C=PP1=archeology=PR9#v=onepage=archeology=false.
Editor, A.A. (Ed.). (Year published). Title of edited book . Location: Publisher. Gupta, R. (Ed.). (2003). Remote sensing geology . Science In The News Coursework Drink! Germany: Springer-Verlag. Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year published). Title of article or page . Retrieved from URL. Mardell, M. (2017). Facing the robotic revolution . Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-39028030. Looking for an APA formatter to cite your website sources? Use BibMe’s APA citation generator! Citations for Journal Articles found Online:
Author’s Last name, F.M. (Date published). Title of article. Title of journal, volume number (issue number), page range. White Is My! doi:xxxxxx. Spreer, P., Rauschnabel, P.A. (2016, September). Selling with technology: Understanding the resistance to mobile sales assistant use in retailing. Journal of Personal Selling Sales Management, 36 (3), 240-263. doi:10.1080/08853134.2016.1208100.
Don’t forget, BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps your cite your sources quickly and easily! Our free APA citation maker is simple to use! Citations for Newspapers found Online: Author’s Last name, F.M. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of in the coursework drink, Newspaper . Retrieved from URL. Khullar, D. (2017, February 22). Bad hospital design is making us sicker.
The New York Times . Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/2lujQ76. Looking for an APA formatter to help you cite your newspaper sources? Check out BibMe’s APA citation machine! Our APA format generator, or APA citation builder, creates your citations quickly and favorite essay, easily. In Text and Parenthetical Citations. What is an APA In Text Citation or Parenthetical Citation? The purpose of APA in text and parenthetical citations is to give the reader a brief idea as to where you found your information, while they’re in in the news, the middle of reading or viewing your project. You may include direct quotes in the body of your project, which are word-for-word quotes from another source.
Or, you may include a piece of information that you paraphrased into your own words. These are called parenthetical citations. Both direct quotes and paraphrased information include an in text citation directly following it. You also need to include the full citation for the source in the APA reference list, which is usually the last item in a project. In Text Citations for Direct Quotes: In APA format, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote. It should include the balbi essay page number or section information to help the reader locate the quote themselves. Buck needed to science in the news drink driving adjust rather quickly upon his arrival in Canada. White Is My Essay! He states, “no lazy, sun-kissed life was this, with nothing to do but loaf and be bored. Here was neither peace, nor rest, nor a moment’s safety” (London, 1903, p. Drink! 25).
In Text Citations for Paraphrased Information: When taking an adhd outline idea from another source and placing it in your own words, it is not necessary to include the page number, but you can add it if the source is in the, large and you want to direct readers right to the information. At the essays on the sutra time, papyrus was used to create paper, but it was only grown and available in science news driving, mass quantities in Egypt. White Is My Favorite Essay! This posed a problem for the Greeks and Romans, but they managed to have it exported to their civilizations. Papyrus thus remained the material of choice for paper creation (Casson, 2001). How to Format In Text and Parenthetical Citations:
After a direct quote or paraphrase, place in parentheses the last name of the science in the author, add a comma, and then the essay anthology mla year the source was published. If citing a direct quote, also include the page number that the information was found on. Close the parentheses and add a period afterwards. In APA format, if the author’s name is included in the text of science driving, your project, omit their name from the in-text citation and only include the other identifying pieces of information. Smith states that, “the Museum Effect is concerned with how individuals look at a work of art, but only in the context of looking at that work along with a number of other works” (2014, p. 82). If your source has two authors, always include both names in each in-text citation. If your source has three, four, or five authors, include all names in the first in-text citation along with the date. In the following in text citations, only include the first author’s name and follow it with et al. 1st in-text citation: (Gilley, Johnson, Witchell, 2015) 2nd and any other subsequent citations: (Gilley, et al.) If your source has six or more authors, only balbi, include the in the news drink first author’s name in the first citation and balbi statistical, follow it with et al.
Include the year the source was published and the page numbers (if it is a direct quote). 1st in-text citation: (Jasper, et al., 2017) 2nd and science in the news drink, any other subsequent citations: (Jasper, et al., 2017) If your source was written by a company, organization, government agency, or other type of group, include the group’s name in full in the first in text citation. Adhd Essay! In any in text citations following it, it is in the news coursework drink driving, acceptable to statistical essay shorten the group name to something that is simple and science in the drink, understandable. 1st citation: (American Eagle Outfitters, 2017)
2nd and statistical, subsequent citations: (American Eagle, 2017) Check out this page to learn more about parenthetical citations. Also, BibMe’s APA citation machine creates your parenthetical citations quickly and easily. Towards the end of creating a full reference citation, you’ll see the option to news create a parenthetical citation in and the environment essays, the APA format generator. The listing of science coursework drink driving, all sources used in your project are found in the APA reference list, which is usually the last page or part of statistical, a project. Included in this reference list are sources you used to gather research and other information. In APA format, it is not necessary to include personal communications in science in the news coursework driving, the reference list, such as personal emails or letters. These specific sources only need in-text citations, which are found in the body of your project. All APA citations, or references, are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. If you have two sources by the same author, place them in order by the year of publication.
Thompson, H.S. (1971). Fear and essays sutra, loathing in Las Vegas: A savage journey to the heart of the American dream . Thompson, H.S. (1998). The rum diary . If there are multiple sources with the same author AND same publication date, place them in alphabetical order by the title. Dr. Suess. (1958). The cat in the hat comes back. New York, NY: Random House. Dr. Suess. (1958).
Yertle the turtle. New York, NY: Random House. In an driving APA citation, if a source does not have an author, place the source in alphabetical order by adriano balbi statistical, the first main word of the title. Need help creating the citations in your APA reference list? BibMe’s APA formatter can help! Our APA citation machine creates your citations by entering a keyword, URL, title, or other identifying information.
Need to create APA format papers? Follow these guidelines to produce a research paper in APA format: In an APA style paper, the font used throughout your document should be in Times New Roman, 12 point font size. The entire document should be double spaced, even between titles and science coursework, headings. Margins should be 1 inch around the entire document and indent every new paragraph using the overpopulation environment essays tab button on your keyboard. Place the pages in the following order: Title page (An APA format title page should include a title, running head, author line, institution line, and author’s note). (Page 1) Abstract page (page 2) Text or body of research paper (start on science news page 3) Reference List Page for tables (if necessary) Page for figures (if necessary) Appendices page (if necessary) The title page counts as page 1. Number the pages afterwards using Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, 4…). What is a running head? In an APA paper, next to adhd outline the page numbers, include what is called a “running head.” The running head is a simplified version of the title of your paper. Place the running head in the top left corner of in the coursework drink, your project and place it in essay, capital letters.
On the title page only, include the phrase: Running head. Title page example: Running head: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. For the rest of the paper or project, do not use the news coursework drink driving term, Running head. Example of subsequent pages: QUALITY LIBRARY PROGRAMS. Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and many other word processing programs allow you to set up page numbers and adhd, a repeated running head.
Use these tools to make this addition easier for science news drink you! If you’re looking for an APA sample paper, check out the other resources found on BibMe. Using BibMe to Create Citations for your Reference List or Bibliography. Looking to cite your sources quickly and easily? BibMe’s APA formatter, or APA citation generator, helps you generate your APA citations by entering a title, ISBN, URL, or other identifying information. Background Information and History of APA: The American Psychological Association was founded in 1892 at essay format college Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts.
APA style format was developed in 1929 by science driving, scholars from a number of different scientific fields and backgrounds. Balbi Essay! Their overall goal was to develop a standard way to document scientific writing and research. Since its inception, the APA Style Manual has been updated numerous times and it is now in its 6th edition. The 6th edition was released in 2010. In 2012, APA published an addition to their 6th edition manual, which was a guide for creating APA citations for electronic resources. Today, there are close to 118,000 APA members. There is an annual convention, numerous databases, and journal publications. News Coursework Driving! Some of essay anthology mla, their more popular resources include the science database, PsycINFO, and format, the publications, Journal of Applied Psychology and Health Psychology. Our citation guides provide detailed information about all types of sources in MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian styles.
If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to in the news your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. Persuasive Essay College! You can always edit a citation as well. Remember to evaluate your sources for accuracy and credibility. Questionable sources could result in in the coursework drink, a poor grade!
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9/11 Museum and Memorial // A Photo Essay + Reflection. Some of the below are affiliate links and I will earn a teensy-weensy percentage of the sale if you purchase through them at science coursework drink driving no extra cost to you . All opinions are my own and I will never promote something I haven#8217;t personally experienced and believe in. T he 9/11 Museum and Memorial is one of the best (if not the best) museums I#8217;ve ever been to. And when I say #8220;best,#8221; I definitely don#8217;t mean #8220;the museum that gives me all the warm and fuzzies#8221; because that couldn#8217;t be farther from the truth. However, is essay format college this one of the science, most thorough, well-put-together, and emotionally moving museums I#8217;ve ever toured? Abso-freaking-lutely. I want to warn youif you#8217;re afraid exploring the 9/11 Museum and mla, Memorial is science coursework drink driving going to be depressing and gut-wrenching and emotionally tolling then you are 100% correct. BUTa very big #8216;but#8217; hereyou should go anyway. You knew [insert any Nicholas Sparks movie here] was going to be a tear-jerker but you watched it anyway. You knew volunteering at the animal shelter was going to slowly rip your heart to shreds week after week, but you continue to go anyway.
This is no different. Only with far fewer kittens you try to sneak home in the pouch of your hoodie. Exploring the National September 11 Memorial and Museum took us about three hours but it could easily have been five if it weren#8217;t for that train we had to catch. The MEMORIAL is outline a gorgeous outdoor space open to in the news coursework drink driving the public and the MUSEUM is the indoor, mostly underground, exploration into the events surrounding September 11th, 2001. Is My Essay! The September 11th Memorial is smack dab on the location of the science coursework driving, former World Trade Center buildings and exists in the form of two reflecting pools, about an acre each in essay, size, in the exact space of the Twin Towers. Bordering the two fountains are the names of every single victim related to this site and all 9/11 events: both World Trade Center buildings, first responders, the science news drink driving, 1993 WTC bombing, Pentagon, and everyone aboard flights 93, 175, and essays on the heart, 77. Surrounding the reflecting pools is in the news coursework one of the and the, most sustainable plazas ever constructed and in the drink, a kind of urban forest, if you will. Beginning in 2003 a competition was held for mla, the design of the future memorial to the recent tragedies (ahem, last 4 or 5 blog posts#8230;).
The total competition submissions numbered 5,201 and from 63 COUNTRIES. That fact right there astounds me. In The Coursework! The glory went to architects Michael Arad and Peter Walker for their design meant to convey the spirit of hope and environment essays, renewal. In this #8220;urban forest#8221; is a very special tree known as the Survivor Tree. This tree suffered destruction of its own during the events of 9/11 but was the only tree nearby to survive.
It was soon removed and placed in the special care of the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. It was rehabilitated, babied, hand-fed, rocked to sleep, and science in the news coursework drink driving, returned to the memorial in 2010. Overpopulation Environment Essays! Today it serves as a symbol of survival, resilience and news coursework, rebirth. Even more awesomeevery year three seedlings from the Survivor Tree are donated to three different communities who have suffered recent tragedies. Some of balbi, those communities include Newtown, Connecticut; Boston, Massachusetts; and Fort Hood in science in the news drink driving, Killeen, Texas. The September 11th Museum is found underground, beneath the sites and within the foundations of the former Twin Towers. Here you#8217;ll find photographs, memorabilia and personal items, artifacts, and salvaged wreckage that shows up in many forms. You#8217;ll hear actual telephone calls and voicemails from those inside the towers after being hit.
You#8217;ll see news footage of the events and accompanying commentary. And you#8217;ll see the most haunting thing I have ever seen with my own two eyessecurity camera footage from the airports of the terrorists boarding the planes. You#8217;ll hear stories of the first responders and you won#8217;t believe they are real. You#8217;ll see photographs and personal information about each of the 2,983 victims. And The Environment! TWO THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED EIGHTY THREE. An unfathomable number of human beings who thought it was just a normal Tuesday.
You#8217;ll recall what you were doing that morning when you heard the news and you WON#8217;T BELIEVE it has been 15 years. That can#8217;t be right#8230; right? My bff (who I actually went to in the the museum with) and I had just started our freshman year of college and were asleep in our dorm room when we got a call from an acquaintance. He told me to turn on adhd essay outline the TV because terrorists were flying planes into buildings. I think I laughed it off, like he must be mistaken. In The Coursework Drink! I was 18 years old and essay anthology mla, hadn#8217;t ever really heard about in the coursework drink driving, terrorists before. I went to lunch at the cafeteria that day, ate my broccoli and environment essays, cheese in silence, wondering if I should go home because we were about to be in a war? I seriously had no clue what was happening but I knew I didn#8217;t want to be six hours away from news coursework drink driving, my family. Nothing put this 15-year span of time into outline perspective more than seeing this dad telling his son about the events of September 11th, 2001. Driving! THAT KID WAS.
NOT. BORN. YET. I think I remember that thought actually stopping us in our tracks. There are teenagers alive today that don#8217;t know a time before 9/11. They have never boarded a plane without taking their shoes off first.
They have never gone all the way up to essay the airport gate to greet an arriving family member. News Drink Driving! Remember when we could all just run rampant through airports? In the lobby pavilion are the Tridents that once formed part of the facade of the Twin Towers. The pavilion was actually built around them due to their size. Adhd Outline! The Slurry Wall that actually helped save countless more lives. Read more here. The above photo shows Foundation Hall and the Last Column. I remember seeing this column in photos but never knew the point behind it. Turns out it was the final steel beam removed from Ground Zero after nine months of recovery efforts. It#8217;s covered in mementos, inscriptions, and even missing persons posters.
A glimpse of the Survivor Stairs that served as a route to safety for science news coursework drink, many during the overpopulation essays, 9/11 attacks. A quote from Virgil#8217;s Aeneid is the centerpiece of this work by artist Spencer Finch titled Trying to Remember the Color of the Sky on science coursework drink driving That September Morning . The piece consists of 2,983 individually watercolored tiles, one for each victim, each painted a different shade of blue representing the artist#8217;s attempt to remember the essay, color of the sky on September 11th, 2001. The letters in the quote are forged from salvaged World Trade Center steel. Science! ?Another example of how every single thing in this museum has meaning. What#8217;s left of the radio antennae from the mla, top of the North Tower. The 9/11 Museum and Memorial can be toured on your own but they also offer guided tours where they tell you the horrific stories behind everything you see such as the news coursework drink driving, above Ladder 3 fire truck and the beams that served as the impact point of the first plane.
We chose the self-guided experience but they have strategically located guides to provide you with all the white is my favorite essay, information and stories you can handle. Not pictured is the hall of the science coursework, historical exhibitionthe guts of the museum, as they were called. There#8217;s no photography allowed in here and it#8217;s advised to keep your mouths shut. White Color! This exhibit walks you through the events of 9/11/2001, then the events leading up to in the news drink driving it, and a breakdown of life afterwards. Here is where you get to meet the terrorists and learn all about their years-long journey to becoming pilots for a day and terrorists for overpopulation, eternity. You#8217;ll hear a phone call from a man in the first tower to his mother letting her know that it wasn#8217;t his tower that was hit and he#8217;ll call her back later. In The News Drink! The presentation at the 9/11 Museum is really unlike anything else I#8217;ve ever experienced. Tickets to the 9/11 Memorial and Museum can be purchased up the three months in overpopulation essays, advancewe bought ours about an coursework, hour prior from the kiosks located inside the memorial.
They look like ATMs if that helps. 9/11 Memorial: 7:30 AM 9:00 PM 9/11 Museum: Sunday Thursday 9:00 AM 8:00 PM Friday Saturday 9:00 AM 9:00 PM 9/11/2016: Open for 9/11 family members only 7:00 AM 3:00 PM, and open to essay format college the public 3:00 PM midnight for the viewing of the Tribute in Light. General Adult Admission: $24 Adult Museum Admission + Tour: $44 Adult Museum Admission + Memorial Tour: $39 9/11 Family Members: Free 9/11 Rescue and in the news coursework drink driving, Recovery Workers: Free Active/Retired US Military: Free FDNY/NYPD/PAPD: $12. Essays! HOWEVER, admission to the 9/11 Museum and Memorial is included in the New York CityPASS (which will save you 42% off the science news driving, admission price plus five other top attractions). Just sayin#8230; (Seriously, check out essays on the sutra this deal ??? #8212; I wish I#8217;d know about this before I visited.) One World Trade Centeraka the Freedom Toweris now the main building of the science news drink driving, revamped World Trade Center site. It#8217;s 1,776 feet tall (commemorating our nation#8217;s freedom birthday) making it the tallest building in the Western hemisphere. We#8217;re coming for you Dubai! Just kidding, we#8217;re so far below you.
Heh. The top three floors100, 101, and 102make up One World Observatory, the newest sky-high observatory in New York City. I didn#8217;t make the and the, trip up myself (stupid train!) but I#8217;m told the views from the observatory are ridiculous and coursework driving, I can imagine. Back in 2009 I went to the top of the then world#8217;s tallest building, Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan, and that view was the most incredible/scariest experience. Look at the picture above, you literally cannot even see where the tower ends and the sky begins. ? UPDATE: I have since ventured 100+ stories up to the One World Observatory. White Is My Favorite Color Essay! See where it ranks here in my post ? Which is the best observation deck in New York City? There are about six different admission prices for the observatory (not included in the Museum/Memorial) and I#8217;d recommend purchasing your tickets in advance.
The line for this was around the block the science coursework drink driving, whole entire day. For more information on these sites, check out mla their very well organized website at science in the news coursework drink www.911memorial.org. Don#8217;t forget your New York CityPASS. Save up to persuasive 41% on the city#8217;s top attractions. Science In The Driving! For everything else you want to do in NYC, don#8217;t forget to check Groupon! What else have I covered in the area? Check out overpopulation and the these posts. WHERE WERE YOU ON SEPTEMBER 11TH, 2001? Ni hao, guten tag, hola, ciao!
I'm Ashley--a beer drinking, book reading, mountain loving, American girl with too much wanderlust and not nearly enough vacation days. I'm a full-time worker and part-time world traveler on a mission to help you travel the world on science in the drink driving a time budget.
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Science in the news coursework global warming
desert essays an essay by Grant Allen. If deserts have a fault (which their present biographer is far from admitting), that fault may doubtless be found in the fact that their scenery as a rule tends to be just a trifle monotonous. Drink Driving? Though fine in favorite, themselves, they lack variety. Science Drink? To be sure, very few of the white is my color, deserts of real life possess that absolute flatness, sandiness and sameness, which characterises the familiar desert of the poet and of the annual exhibitions#151;a desert all level yellow expanse, most bilious in its colouring, and relieved by but four allowable academy properties, a palm-tree, a camel, a sphinx, and in the news a pyramid. Format College? For foreground, throw in a sheikh in appropriate drapery; for background, a sky-line and a bleaching skeleton; stir and mix, and science in the news coursework drink your picture is finished. Most practical deserts one comes across in essays on the sutra, travelling, however, are a great deal less simple and theatrical than that; rock preponderates over sand in their composition, and inequalities of surface are often the rule rather than the exception. There is reason to believe, indeed, that the artistic conception of the common or Burlington House desert has been unduly influenced for evil by the accessibility and the poetic adjuncts of the Egyptian sand-waste, which, being situated in driving, a great alluvial river valley is really flat, and, being the most familiar, has therefore distorted to its own shape the mental picture of essay mla all its kind elsewhere. But most deserts of actual nature are not all flat, nor all sandy; they present a considerable diversity and variety of surface, and their rocks are often unpleasantly obtrusive to the tender feet of the pedestrian traveller.
A desert, in science in the drink driving, fact, is only a place where the weather is always and persuasive college uniformly fine. The sand is science in the driving there merely as what the logicians call, in on the, their cheerful way, 'a separable accident'; the essential of a desert, as such, is the absence of in the news coursework drink driving vegetation, due to drought. The barometer in those happy, too happy, regions, always stands at Set Fair. At least, it would, if barometers commonly grew in the desert, where, however, in the present condition of science, they are rarely found. It is essay this dryness of the air, and this alone, that makes a desert; all the rest, like the camels, the sphinx, the skeleton, and the pyramid, is only thrown in to complete the news drink, picture. Now the first question that occurs to the inquiring mind#151;which is but a graceful periphrasis for the present writer#151;when it comes to examine in detail the and the environment, peculiarities of science drink deserts is just this: Why are there places on the earth's surface on which rain never falls? What makes it so uncommonly dry in adhd, Sahara when it's so unpleasantly wet and so unnecessarily foggy in this realm of England? And the obvious answer is, of in the coursework course, that deserts exist only in those parts of the world where the overpopulation and the essays, run of science in the news drink mountain ranges, prevalent winds, and favorite ocean currents conspire to render the average rainfall as small as possible. But, strangely enough, there is a large irregular belt of the great eastern continent where these peculiar conditions occur in an almost unbroken line for driving, thousands of miles together, from the west coast of Africa to the borders of China: and it is in this belt that all the best known deserts of the world are actually situated.
In one place it is the Atlas and persuasive format the Kong mountains (now don't pretend, as David Copperfield's aunt would have said, you don't know the Kong mountains); at another place it is the Arabian coast range, Lebanon, and the Beluchi hills; at a third, it is the Himalayas and the Chinese heights that intercept and precipitate all the moisture from the clouds. But, from drink whatever variety of local causes it may arise, the fact still remains the same, that all the great deserts run in this long, almost unbroken series, beginning with the greater and the smaller Sahara, continuing in the Libyan and white is my favorite Egyptian desert, spreading on through the larger part of Arabia, reappearing to the north as the news, Syrian desert, and to the east as the desert of Rajputana (the Great Indian Desert of the Anglo-Indian mind), while further east again the long line terminates in the desert of Gobi on the Chinese frontier. In other parts of the world, deserts are less frequent. The peculiar combination of circumstances which goes to produce them does not elsewhere occur over any vast area, on so large a scale. Still, there is one region in western America where the necessary conditions are found to perfection. The high snow-clad peaks of the Rocky Mountains on the one side check and condense all the moisture that comes from the Atlantic; the Sierra Nevada and the Wahsatch range on the other, running parallel with them to essay the west, check and in the drink driving condense all the moisture that comes from the Pacific coast. In between these two great lines lies the dry and almost rainless district known to the ambitious western mind as the Great American Desert, enclosing in its midst that slowly evaporating inland sea, the Great Salt Lake, a last relic of some extinct chain of mighty waters once comparable to Superior, Erie, and Ontario. In Mexico, again, where the twin ranges draw closer together, desert conditions once more supervene. But it is in central Australia that the causes which lead to the desert state are, perhaps on the whole, best exemplified.
There, ranges of high mountains extend almost all round the anthology mla, coasts, and so completely intercept the rainfall which ought to fertilise the great central plain that the news drink driving, rivers are almost all short and local, and one thirsty waste spreads for miles and miles together over essay mla, the whole unexplored interior of the continent. But why are deserts rocky and sandy? Why aren't they covered, like the science news coursework drink, rest of the world, with earth, soil, mould, or dust? One can see plainly enough why there should be little or no vegetation where no rain falls, but one can't see quite so easily why there should be only sand and rock instead of overpopulation and the environment arid clay-field. Well, the answer is that without vegetation there is no such thing as soil on earth anywhere. The top layer of the land in science coursework driving, all ordinary and well-behaved countries is composed entirely of vegetable mould, the decaying remains of innumerable generations of weeds and grasses.
Earth to adriano essay earth is the rule of nature. Soil, in news driving, fact, consists entirely of persuasive essay format dead leaves. And where there are no leaves to die and decay, there can be no mould or soil to speak of. Darwin showed, indeed, in in the news drink, his last great book, that we owe the whole earthy covering of our hills and plains almost entirely to the perennial exertions of that friend of the farmers, the harmless, necessary earthworm. Essay Anthology Mla? Year after year the silent worker is science coursework busy every night pulling down leaves through his tunnelled burrow into his underground nest, and there converting them by means of his castings into the black mould which produces, in the end, for lordly man, all his cultivable fields and pasture-lands and meadows. Where there are no leaves and no earth-worms, therefore, there can be no soil; and white is my color essay under those circumstances we get what we familiarly know as a desert. The normal course of science in the news drink driving events where new land rises above the sea is something like this, as oceanic isles have sufficiently demonstrated. College? The rock when it first emerges from the water rises bare and rugged like a sea-cliff; no living thing, animal or vegetable, is harboured anywhere on its naked surface.
In time, however, as rain falls upon its jutting peaks and barren pinnacles, disintegration sets in, or, to speak plainer English, the rock crumbles; and science in the news driving soon streams wash down tiny deposits of sand and essay anthology mla mud thus produced into the valleys and hollows of the upheaved area. At the same time lichens begin to spring in yellow patches upon the bare face of the rock, and feathery ferns, whose spores have been wafted by the wind, or carried by the waves, or borne on the feet of unconscious birds, sprout here and there from the clefts and crannies. These, as they die and decay, in turn form a thin layer of vegetable mould, the first beginning of in the news a local soil, in which the trusty earthworm (imported in the egg on essays heart sutra driftwood or floating weeds) straightway sets to work to burrow, and which he rapidly increases by his constant labour. On the soil thus deposited, flowering plants and news trees can soon root themselves, as fast as seeds, nuts or fruits are wafted to the island by various accidents from surrounding countries. The new land thrown up by the great eruption of Krakatoa has in this way already clothed itself from head to foot with a luxuriant sheet of ferns, mosses, and other vegetation. First soil, then plant and animal life, are thus in the last resort wholly dependent for their existence on the amount of rainfall. Is My Favorite? But in deserts, where rain seldom or never falls (except by accident) the science in the driving, first term in this series is altogether wanting. There can be no rivers, brooks or streams to wash down beds of essay anthology mla alluvial deposit from the coursework drink, mountains to the valleys. Is My Color Essay? Denudation (the term, though rather awful, is not an improper one) must therefore take a different turn. Practically speaking, there is science coursework drink driving no water action; the environment, work is all done by sun and wind. Under these circumstances, the rocks crumble away very slowly by mere exposure into small fragments, which the wind knocks off and blows about the surface, forming sand or dust of them in science news driving, all convenient hollows.
The frequent currents, produced by on the heart sutra the heated air that lies upon the basking layer of sand, continually keep the surface agitated, and so blow about the sand and in the news drink grind one piece against the other till it becomes ever finer and finer. Persuasive Essay Format College? Thus for the most part the hollows or valleys of deserts are filled by plains of bare sand, while their higher portions consist rather of barren, rocky mountains or table-land. The effect upon in the driving whatever animal or vegetable life can manage here and there to overpopulation and the survive under such circumstances is very peculiar. Deserts are the coursework driving, most exacting of all known environments, and they compel their inhabitants with profound imperiousness to knuckle under to their prejudices and preconceptions in ten thousand particulars. To begin with, all the smaller denizens of the desert#151;whether butterflies, beetles, birds, or lizards#151;must be quite uniformly isabelline or sand-coloured. This universal determination of the desert-haunting creatures to fall in essays, with the fashion and to harmonise with their surroundings adds considerably to the painfully monotonous effect of desert scenery. A green plant, a blue butterfly, a red and in the coursework yellow bird, a black or bronze-coloured beetle or lizard would improve the artistic aspect of the desert not a little. White Color Essay? But no; the in the news coursework drink driving, animals will hear nothing of such gaudy hues; with Quaker uniformity they will clothe themselves in on the, dove-colour; they will all wear a sandy pepper-and-salt with as great unanimity as the ladies of the Court (on receipt of orders) wear Court mourning for the late lamented King of the science in the drink driving, Tongataboo Islands. In reality, this universal sombre tint of desert animals is a beautiful example of the imperious working of our modern Deus ex machinâ, natural selection. White Essay? The more uniform in hue is the environment of any particular region, the more uniform in science coursework drink, hue must be all its inhabitants. In the arctic snows, for example, we find this principle pushed to its furthest logical conclusion.
There, everything is and must be white#151;hares, foxes, and ptarmigans alike; and the reason is obvious#151;there can be no exception. Any brown or black or reddish animal who ventured north would at once render himself unpleasantly conspicuous in the midst of the uniform arctic whiteness. If he were a brown hare, for example, the foxes and bears and birds of prey of the district would spot him at once on the white fields, and pounce down upon him forthwith on his first appearance. That hare would leave no similar descendants to heart continue the race of brown hares in arctic regions after him. Or, suppose, on the other hand, it were a brown fox who invaded the domain of eternal snow. All the science in the driving, hares and favorite essay ptarmigans of his new district would behold him coming from afar and keep well out of his way, while he, poor creature, would never be able to spot them at all among the white snow-fields. He would starve for want of prey, at the very time when the white fox, his neighbour, was stealing unperceived with stealthy tread upon science in the drink the hares and ptarmigans.
In this way, from generation to generation of arctic animals, the blacker or browner have been constantly weeded out, and the greyer and and the environment whiter have been constantly encouraged, till now all arctic animals alike are as spotlessly snowy as the in the coursework drink, snow around them. In the desert much the essay college, same causes operate, in a slightly different way, in favour of a general greyness or brownness as against pronounced shades of black, white, red, green, or yellow. Desert animals, like intense South Kensington, go in in the news coursework drink, only for neutral tints. In proportion as each individual approaches in hue to the sand about it will it succeed in life in avoiding its enemies or in creeping upon essay its prey, according to circumstances. In proportion as it presents a strikingly vivid or distinct appearance among the surrounding sand will it make itself a sure mark for its watchful foes, if it happen to be an unprotected skulker, or will it be seen beforehand and avoided by its prey, if it happen to be a predatory hunting or insect-eating beast. Hence on the sandy desert all species alike are uniformly sand-coloured. Spotty lizards bask on spotty sands, keeping a sharp look-out for spotty butterflies and spotty beetles, only to be themselves spotted and science in the news coursework driving devoured in turn by equally spotty birds, or snakes, or tortoises. All nature seems to have gone into half-mourning together, or, converted by a passing Puritan missionary, to have clad itself incontinently in grey and fawn-colour. Even the larger beasts that haunt the desert take their tone not a little from adriano balbi statistical their sandy surroundings.
You have only to drink compare the desert-haunting lion with the other great cats to see at once the reason for his peculiar uniform. The tigers and other tropical jungle-cats have their coats arranged in vertical stripes of black and yellow, which, though you would hardly believe it unless you saw them in their native nullahs (good word 'nullah,' gives a convincing Indian tone to a narrative of adventure), harmonise marvellously with the lights and shades of the essays on the heart sutra, bamboos and cane-brakes through whose depths the tiger moves so noiselessly. Looking into the gloom of a tangled jungle, it is almost impossible to pick out the beast from the yellow stems and dark shadows in which it hides, save by in the news coursework drink driving the baleful gleam of those wicked eyes, catching the light for one second as they turn wistfully and bloodthirstily towards the approaching stranger. The jaguar, oncelot, leopard, and other tree-cats, on the other hand, are dappled or spotted#151;a type of coloration which exactly harmonises with the light and shade of the round sun-spots seen through the foliage of a tropical forest. They, too, are almost indistinguishable from the college, trees overhead as they creep along cautiously on the trunks and branches. But spots or stripes would at once betray the crouching lion among the bare rocks or desert sands; and therefore the lion is approximately sand-coloured.
Seen in a cage at science coursework the Zoo, the British lion is a very conspicuous animal indeed; but spread at full length on a sandy patch or among bare yellow rocks under the Saharan sun, you may walk into his mouth before you are even aware of his august existence. The three other great desert beasts of Asia or Africa#151;the ostrich, the giraffe, and the camel#151;are less protectively coloured, for overpopulation and the environment essays, various reasons. Giraffes and ostriches go in science in the, herds; they trust for safety mainly to their swiftness of foot, and, when driven to bay, like most gregarious animals, they make common cause against the ill-advised intruder. In such cases it is often well, for the sake of stragglers, that the outline, herd should be readily distinguished at a distance; and in the news coursework drink it is to insure this advantage, I believe, that giraffes have acquired their strongly marked spots, as zebras have acquired their distinctive stripes, and hyænas their similarly banded or dappled coats. One must always remember that disguise may be carried a trifle too far, and that recognisability in white essay, the parents often gives the science in the, young and giddy a point in their favour. For example, it seems certain that the general grey-brown tint of essay anthology mla European rabbits serves to render them indistinguishable in a field of bracken, stubble, or dry grass. How hard it is, either for man or hawk, to pick out rabbits so long as they sit still, in an English meadow! But as soon as they begin to run towards their burrows the white patch by their tails inevitably betrays them; and this betrayal seems at first sight like a failure of adaptation. Certainly many a rabbit must be spotted and in the coursework drink driving shot, or killed by birds of prey, solely on account of that tell-tale white patch as he makes for his shelter. Nevertheless, when we come to look closer, we can see, as Mr.
Wallace acutely suggests, that the tell-tale patch has its function also. On the first alarm the parent rabbits take to essays sutra their heels at once, and run at any untoward sight or sound toward the safety of the burrow. The white patch and the hoisted tail act as a danger-signal to the little bunnies, and news drink driving direct them which way to escape the threatened misfortune. The young ones take the white favorite color, hint at once and follow their leader. Thus what may be sometimes a disadvantage to science in the news drink driving the individual animal becomes in the long run of incalculable benefit to the entire community. It is interesting to note, too, how much alike in build and gait are these three thoroughbred desert roamers, the giraffe, the ostrich, and the camel or dromedary.
In their long legs, their stalking march, their tall necks, and overpopulation their ungainly appearance they all betoken their common adaptation to the needs and science in the news drink driving demands of a special environment. Since food is scarce and shelter rare, they have to run about much over large spaces in search of essays on the a livelihood or to escape their enemies. Then the burning nature of the sand as well as the need for speed compels them to have long legs which in turn necessitate equally long necks, if they are to reach the science in the news, ground or the trees overhead for food and drink. Their feet have to be soft and padded to enable them to run over the sand with ease; and hard horny patches must protect their knees and all other portions of the body liable to touch the sweltering surface when they lie down to rest themselves. Finally, they can all endure thirst for long periods together; and the camel, the most inveterate desert-haunter of the trio, is even provided with a special stomach to take in water for several days at a stretch, besides having a peculiarly tough skin in which perspiration is reduced to a minimum.
He carries his own water-supply internally, and persuasive essay format college wastes as little of it by the way as possible. What the camel is among animals that is the cactus among plants#151;the most confirmed and specialised of drink desert-haunting organisms. It has been wholly developed in, by, and for adhd outline, the desert. I don't mean merely to say that cactuses resemble camels because they are clumsy, ungainly, awkward, and news driving paradoxical; that would be a point of view almost as far beneath the dignity of science (which in spite of occasional lapses into the sin of anthology levity I endeavour as a rule piously to uphold) as the old and fallacious reason 'because there's a B in science news coursework driving, both.' But cactuses, like camels, take in their water supply whenever they can get it, and never waste any of it on the way by needless evaporation. As they form the perfect central type of desert vegetation, and are also familiar plants to everyone, they may be taken as a good illustrative example of the effect that desert conditions inevitably produce upon vegetable evolution.
Quaint, shapeless, succulent, jointed, the cactuses look at first sight as if they were all leaves, and had no stem or trunk worth mentioning. Of course, therefore, the exact opposite adriano balbi statistical is really the case; for, as a late lamented poet has assured us in science in the coursework, mournful numbers, things (generally speaking) are not what they seem. The true truth about the cactuses runs just the white color essay, other way; they are all stem and science in the drink driving no leaves; what look like leaves being really joints of the trunk or branches, and the foliage being all dwarfed and stunted into the prickly hairs that dot and and the encumber the surface. All plants of very arid soils#151;for example, our common English stonecrops#151;tend to be thick, jointed, and succulent; the distinction between stem and leaves tends to disappear; and the whole weed, accustomed at times to long drought, acquires the habit of drinking in water greedily at its rootlets after every rain, and storing it away for future use in its thick, sponge-like, and water-tight tissues. To prevent undue evaporation, the surface also is covered with a thick, shiny skin#151;a sort of vegetable macintosh, which effectually checks all unnecessary transpiration. Of this desert type, then, the cactus is the furthest possible term. It has no flat leaves with expanded blades, to wither and die in in the news coursework drink, the scorching desert air; but in their stead the format, thick and jointed stems do the same work#151;absorb carbon from the drink, carbonic acid of the air, and store up water in overpopulation environment, the driest of seasons. Then, to repel the attacks of herbivores, who would gladly get at the juicy morsel if they could, the foliage has been turned into sharp defensive spines and prickles.
The cactus is tenacious of life to news coursework a wonderful degree; and for reproduction it trusts not merely to its brilliant flowers, fertilised for the most part by desert moths or butterflies, and to essay its juicy fruit, of which the common prickly pear is a familiar instance, but it has the special property of springing afresh from any stray bit or fragment of the news coursework drink, stem that happens to fall upon the dry ground anywhere. True cactuses (in the native state) are confined to essay outline America; but the unhappy naturalist who ventures to say so in mixed society is sure to get sat upon (without due cause) by numberless people who have seen 'the cactus' wild all the news coursework drink, world over. For one thing, the prickly pear and a few other common American species, have been naturalised and run wild throughout North Africa, the essay mla, Mediterranean shores, and science news a great part of India, Arabia, and Persia. Adriano Balbi Essay? But what is more interesting and science coursework driving more confusing still, other desert plants which are not cactuses, living in South Africa, Sind, Rajputana, and elsewhere unspecified, have been driven by the nature of their circumstances and essay the dryness of the soil to adopt precisely the same tactics, and therefore unconsciously to mimic or imitate the cactus tribe in the minutest details of their personal appearance. Most of science in the news driving these fallacious pseudo-cactuses are really spurges or euphorbias by family. They resemble the true Mexican type in externals only; that is to say, their stems are thick, jointed, and leaf-like, and statistical they grow with clumsy and awkward angularity; but in the flower, fruit, seed, and in short in all structural peculiarities whatsoever, they differ utterly from the in the news coursework drink, genuine cactus, and closely resemble all their spurge relations. Adaptive likenesses of this sort, due to mere stress of local conditions, have no more weight as indications of real relationship than the wings of the bat or the nippers of the seal, which don't make the one into a skylark, or the other into a mackerel. In Sahara, on the other hand, the prevailing type of vegetation (wherever there is any) belongs to white favorite the kind playfully described by Sir Lambert Playfair as 'salsolaceous,' that is to say, in science in the coursework driving, plainer English, it consists of plants like the white is my favorite color essay, glass-wort and science in the news coursework driving the kali-weed, which are commonly burnt to make soda.
These fleshy weeds resemble the cactuses in being succulent and thick-skinned but they differ from and the them in their curious ability to live upon very salt and soda-laden water. All through the great African desert region, in fact, most of the water is more or less brackish; 'bitter lakes' are common, and science news gypsum often covers the outline, ground over immense areas. These districts occupy the beds of science in the news vast ancient lakes, now almost dry, of which the existing chotts, or very salt pools, are the last shrunken and evanescent relics. And this point about the essay mla, water brings me at last to a cardinal fact in the constitution of deserts which is almost always utterly misconceived in Europe. Science In The News Driving? Most people at home picture the desert to themselves as wholly dead, flat, and sandy. To talk about the fauna and flora of Sahara sounds in their ears like self-contradictory nonsense. But, as a matter of fact, that uniform and lifeless desert of the popular fancy exists only in those sister arts that George II.#151;good, practical man#151;so heartily despised, 'boetry and bainting.' The desert of overpopulation and the real life, though less impressive, is far more varied.
It has its ups and in the news coursework driving downs, its hills and valleys. It has its sandy plains and its rocky ridges. It has its lakes and ponds, and even its rivers. It has its plants and animals, its oases and palm-groves. In short, like everything else on white color essay earth, it's a good deal more complex than people imagine.
One may take Sahara as a very good example of the actual desert of physical geography, in contradistinction to science in the news driving the level and lifeless desert that stretches like the sea over illimitable spaces in verse or canvas. And here, I fear, I am going to dispel another common and cherished illusion. It is my fate to be an iconoclast, and perhaps long practice has made me rather like the trade than otherwise. A popular belief exists all over Europe that the late M. Roudaire#151;that De Lesseps who never quite 'came off'#151;proposed to cut a canal from the white favorite, Mediterranean into science, the heart of Africa, which was intended, in the stereotyped phrase of journalism, to 'flood Sahara,' and convert the desert into an inland sea. He might almost as well have talked of cutting a canal from essay anthology mla Brighton to the Devil's Dyke and in the news drink 'submerging England,' as the devil wished to white is my color do in the old legend. As a matter of fact, good, practical M. Roudaire, sound engineer that he was, never even dreamt of anything so chimerical. What he did really propose was something far milder and science in the news simpler in its way, but, as his scheme has given rise to the absurd notion that Sahara as a whole lies below sea-level, it may be worth while briefly to explain what it was he really thought of doing.
Some sixty miles south of Biskra, the most fashionable resort in the Algerian Sahara, there is a deep depression two hundred and fifty miles long, partly occupied by adhd essay three salt lakes of the kind so common over the whole dried-up Saharan area. These three lakes, shrunken remnants of much larger sheets, lie below the level of the Mediterranean, but they are separated from it, and from one another, by upland ranges which rise considerably above the sea line. What M. Roudaire proposed to do was to cut canals through these three barriers, and flood the basins of the salt lakes. The result would have been, not as is commonly said to submerge Sahara, nor even to form anything worth seriously describing as 'an inland sea,' but to substitute three larger salt lakes for the existing three smaller ones. News Drink? The area so flooded, however, would bear to outline the whole area of Sahara something like the same proportion that Windsor Park bears to the entire surface of England. This is the true truth about that stupendous undertaking, which is to create a new Mediterranean in the midst of the Dark Continent, and to modify the climate of Northern Europe to something like the coursework driving, condition of the Glacial Epoch.
A new Dead Sea would be much nearer the persuasive format, mark, and the only way Northern Europe would feel the change, if it felt it at all, would be in a slight fall in the price of dates in the wholesale market. No, Sahara as a whole is not below sea-level; it is not the dry bed of a recent ocean; and it is not as flat as the proverbial pancake all over. Part of it, indeed, is very mountainous, and drink driving all of it is essays on the heart sutra more or less varied in level. The Upper Sahara consists of a rocky plateau, rising at times into considerable peaks; the Lower, to science which it descends by a steep slope, is 'a vast depression of clay and sand,' but still for the most part standing high above sea-level. Heart Sutra? No portion of the science news driving, Upper Sahara is less than 1,300 feet high#151;a good deal higher than Dartmoor or Derbyshire. Adriano Balbi Statistical? Most of the Lower reaches from two to three hundred feet#151;quite as elevated as Essex or Leicester. Drink? The few spots below sea-level consist of the beds of ancient lakes, now much shrunk by evaporation, owing to the present rainless condition of the country; the soil around these is deep in gypsum, and persuasive format the water itself is considerably salter than the sea.
That, however, is always the case with freshwater lakes in their last dotage, as American geologists have amply proved in the case of the in the news driving, Great Salt Lake of Utah. Moving sand undoubtedly covers a large space in adhd outline, both divisions of the desert, but according to Sir Lambert Playfair, our best modern authority on in the news drink driving the subject, it occupies not more than one-third part of the entire Algerian Sahara. Elsewhere rock, clay, and muddy lake are the prevailing features, interspersed with not infrequent date-groves and essays on the heart sutra villages, the product of artesian wells, or excavated spaces, or river oases. Even Sahara, in short, to give it its due, is not by any means so black as it's painted. Desert Sands is reprinted from Falling in Love with Other Essays on More Exact Branches of Science . Grant Allen.
London: Smith, Elder Co., 1889.
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Science in the news coursework examples pdf 1 Кб
essay of deny THE REASON FOR TRUTH Contents. We live in a strange world in science coursework drink driving which many people seem able to doubt almost everything (such as the validity of evolution or man landing on favorite essay the moon or the official explanation for 9/11) and yet simultaneously are willing to believe almost anything (whether it be creationism or alien abduction or the murder of science coursework drink driving Princess Diana by adriano balbi, MI5) with little or no regard for rationality or evidence. In academic circles, this phenomenon is associated with the rise of relativism, postmodernism and coursework drink, pseudoscience. In more everyday terms, the development is associated with new ageism, spirituality, and the like. I believe in rationality, reason and science and therefore I am profoundly sceptical about many beliefs and on the, ideas that others hold always sincerely and often passionately.
I believe in the value of evidence and I am deeply sceptical of science drink driving anything contrary to reason or lacking in evidence. I believe that belief should be proportioned to credible evidence and demonstrable causality especially where counter-intuitive notions are concerned. I believe in and the essays having an open mind - ready to contemplate new ideas backed by persuasive evidence - but not an empty one - ready to accept any novel suggestion however lacking in sense or evidence. Does it really matter what people believe and science, how they reach their beliefs? Cannot we just accept that different people believe very different - often fundamentally opposite - things and that some people are more open to esoteric ideas and more willing to have faith or belief in overpopulation and the environment unusual notions?
This essay sets out: why truth matters the science in the drink techniques people use to is my deny truth the techniques for determining truth the science in the news drink driving techniques for identifying non-truth the sort of beliefs that I challenge. WHY TRUTH MATTERS. I would offer the following reasons for why truth does matter: Truth has its own virtue . Most of the time we expect and persuasive format, want people - including our relatives, friends, politicians, doctors and professional advisers - to tell us the truth because we believe that it is in the news, important to know the truth and white favorite color, honourable to express the drink driving truth. Only humans can discern truth . Of all life on adriano balbi statistical the planet, only science in the coursework drink humankind can rise above conditioning or instinct and adhd, identify truth, so that this is in effect one of the defining characteristics of what it means to be human. Truth is an intrinsic part of science drink human history and culture . All our historic and contemporary experience is based on adriano balbi identifying the science drink driving best possible understanding of truth and essays, building upon this to create a better understanding of our world and our universe. Truth is necessary for a consistent and meaningful approach to life . Science Coursework Driving! If we do not know whether statements are true, we cannot make reasonable decisions about our life, such as whether to essay marry an individual or whether to buy a particular property. Truth is useful because it enables one to make predictions . If we are confident that things are true, then we can make assertions about the coursework driving future with equal confidence, such as that a particular design of aircraft is safe or a particular form of sex is dangerous. The absence of overpopulation truth is positively dangerous . In The Coursework! If truth does not matter, then we can be persuaded to statistical do things with great personal and societal implications, such as to use an ineffective treatment for HIV/AIDS or to go to war over weapons of mass destruction that do not exist. In The News Coursework Driving! Equally we can deny the reality of the Holocaust or the evidence of global warming. Format! Some people argue - in a spirit of mistaken tolerance - that ultimately truth is a personal issue and it does not really matter if one person believes one thing and another person believes something else about the science drink same subject. Adriano Essay! However, one person's 'truth' often has consequences for another person.
For instance, in the UK one flawed piece of in the news coursework drink driving research which appeared to suggest a relationship between the MMR (mumps, measles and adriano balbi essay, rubella) vaccine and autism was believed to drink driving be true by overpopulation environment, some parents who then ensured that their young children did not receive the vaccine. Not only were the news drink children concerned then at greater risk of disease but gradually so was the whole child population. Acceptance of the truth would seem to adhd outline be self-evidently a sensible thing, so why do so many people so often deny the truth? There are many reasons including the drink following: They are advised against the truth by an authority figure . If at the time of Galileo, the Roman Catholic Church told its members that it was heresy to suggest that the earth was not the centre of the essay outline universe, most religious people would not be willing to science news drink accept the truth. Today religious or political leaders or our parents or teachers may - often with great sincerity - take a position contrary to the truth as presented in credible evidence. Essay Anthology Mla! As the writer George Orwell once put it: Some ideas are so stupid that only intellectuals can believe them. The truth may be contrary to the status quo. Einstein's theory of relativity was not consistent with Newton's laws of gravity - but Einstein was right and eventually scientific evidence demonstrated this and Einstein's theory became the new paradigm.
We once thought that smoking and asbestos were not harmful to health but then the evidence showed otherwise. This is what happens in science and life and we should be open to it. The truth may offend against a received wisdom. For instance, it may seem obvious to supporters of capital punishment that the death penalty is a deterrent but countless studies show that it has no effect on murder rates. One may not like the source of the science in the news truth. If a person whom we dislike or an heart organisation that we oppose - perhaps a political party or a campaign group - puts forward an assertion, we may be inclined to dismiss it, whatever the evidence, because we are to some extent influenced, even blinded, by the source. One may feel that there is an alternative explanation.
Of course, there are often alternative explanations; the in the news coursework driving question is whether an alternative explanation both is consistent with all the evidence and better accords with the evidence than the adhd essay explanation offered. One may feel that there is other evidence. However, we can only in the news coursework drink make judgements based on the evidence we have at the time. Environment! This is how individuals, businesses and courts make decisions. If new evidence becomes available, then one can reassess one's position. As the eminent economist John Maynard Keynes once put it: When the science in the coursework drink driving facts change, I change my mind.
What do you do, sir? One may simply not understand either the evidence or the arguments. In which case, one either takes the studies and the time to understand or one accepts the authority of those who have the relevant knowledge and essays sutra, expertise. One may actually have a fear of the truth. Sometimes people do not want to examine evidence or consider a different outlook because they are afraid of the possible consequences. Similarly, changing one's mind can be stressful, if by doing so one needs to re-examine and possibly extensively modify one's view. DETERMINATION OF TRUTH. So, how do we know what is the truth? The following considerations are paramount: Above all, we have to use our reason. We cannot simply accept things because they conform with our previous ideas or reinforce our prejudices or suggest the world as we would like to see it. Drink Driving! We have to environment think about the arguments and the evidence and work things out.
We need to look at the evidence. So often assertions are made with little or no evidence. We should be very reluctant to accept any such assertion. As the Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) put it: “A wise man proportions his belief to the evidence”. News Coursework! Personal experience or anecdotes of acquaintances may seem convincing evidence, but our senses can easily deceive us and individuals can be seriously, if sincerely, wrong. Sometimes there is insufficient evidence to adhd form a conclusion, in which case I don't know is an acceptable response and better than jumping to conclusions on inadequate eveidence. We need strong evidence if the science news drink driving assertion is anthology mla, contrary to the current wisdom. Of course, as we saw earlier, people can deny a 'new' truth or understanding simply because it is science in the coursework driving, contrary to the 'old' truth or explanation and one should beware of this. However, most of the time most of the assertions that are contrary to the current wisdom are wrong, so we need convincing evidence if we are to abandon current thinking. We should look at whether an on the heart sutra assertion is in the coursework drink, testable and has been tested. If we are told that a particular drug or treatment is and the, effective, then the drug or treatment can be tested using a large enough sample of patients and in the coursework drink driving, a proper control group.
If the proposition - for persuasive essay format college instance, prayer can cure cancer - has not been tested or cannot be properly tested, one needs to in the news coursework be very sceptical of its validity. We should look at whether an assertion has been the subject of peer group review. Is My Color Essay! The best people to judge the truth of science coursework drink driving particular propositions are usually those who have the relevant knowledge and expertise in that area. Essay Anthology Mla! So doctors are best able to assess medical propositions; climatologists are best able to news drink driving judge the validity of global warming; physicists are most likely to know the effects on balbi essay humans of science in the driving electric fields. If a proposition has not been tested by peers or has been rejected by those peers, one should be inclined to reject it.
We need to weigh carefully the and the essays opinion of relevant authorities. Of course, again as we saw earlier, authority can be wrong - especially when a new idea is concerned and most especially when the new idea challenges a well-established older idea. However, most of the time most of science coursework driving us need to accept the and the environment essays view of the relevant authority because we simply do not have the knowledge or expertise to make an informed judgement and most of the driving time these authorities serve us well. Essay Format! So, if the overwhelming majority of doctors state that the in the news drink driving MMR injection is safe or the overwhelming majority of scientists state that global warming is a reality, we need compelling reasons - preferably based on sound evidence - to disbelieve this. We should be more inclined to accept assertions emanating from open systems than from anthology mla closed ones. The reason why democratic societies are more successful economically and its citizens on the whole are happier than in the case of authoritarian societies is because a democratic nation is an open system with stronger and more effective mechanisms for determining and disseminating the science in the coursework drink driving truth. These mechanisms include universal franchise, regular elections, a choice of political parties, a free media, freedom of sutra expression, freedom of association, the rule of science in the news coursework drink law, an independent judiciary, the jury system, open courts, free markets, educated citizens and consumers.
Similarly political parties, companies and organisations that have open systems - promoting a free flow of information, encouraging debate, and overpopulation, permitting challenge - are more likely to be sources of in the news truth. DETECTION OF NON-TRUTH. The world is awash with non-truths. How does one detect such non-truths. Adhd Essay Outline! We need to apply the following tests: Above all, what is the evidence?
As well as the evidence itself, we want to know the source - the primary source, not a reported or second-hand source - of the evidence and we want to know its authority and its timing. Again we need to appreciate that most personal experience and anecdotal evidence is weak and science drink, unpersuasive. Has the evidence been reviewed by a group of balbi essay peers? If not, why not? If so, what was the response of the peer group? Has the evidence and the methodology been confirmed or challenged or questioned by the peer group? Is the assertion consistent with current knowledge or is it counter-intuitive . If it challenges current thinking, it may still be valid, but we need clear and persuasive evidence before accepting it. Are we sure that there is not merely correlation but actual causality? Every time I wake up in the morning, the sun rises. Here there is a clear correlation but obviously there is absolutely no causality.
This is a simple example. Consider another: more police are put on the streets and crime falls. Here there may or may not be a causality - we need to science news coursework assess all the relevant variables such as changes in population or reporting or sentencing. Does the adriano assertion lend itself to prediction? If one believes in homeopathic medicine, then one can predict that those using it will recover from various ailments. This can and should be tested in a controlled experiment. When carrying out such experiments, one needs to be aware of 'the placebo effect', whereby people often report improvements in health even when no drug has been administered, and 'the Hawthorne effect', whereby people's behaviour changes simply as a response to being observed in an experiment.
The analysis in this essay leads me to a particular position on many issues of discussion and debate in our society. While I have deep respect for people with religious views, especially when this leads to ethical and moral behaviour, I am profoundly sceptical of all metaphysical and paranormal concepts and ideas such as God, the Devil, angels, ghosts, spirits, Heaven, Hell, grace, sin, miracles and science in the coursework drink driving, the efficacy of anthology prayer. Equally I am unconvinced of the existence of science news driving physical notions for which there is little or no evidence such as UFOs, aliens, alien architecture and white, alien abductions. I reject very strongly the theories of young earth creationism and coursework, intelligent design. I am opposed intellectually to all non-rational modes of essay outline thought and therefore I am profoundly sceptical of the science news coursework drink validity of aura, shakra, reiki, clairvoyance, telepathy, psychokinesis, astrology, cosmic ordering, crystals, feng shui, labyrinths, dowsing, horoscopes, prophecies, numerology, faith healing, alternative medicine, homeopathy, miracle cures, and conspiracy theories. I reject very strongly the idea of Holocaust denial. In short: there is no evidence for any of these things, so I do not believe in them. I would summarize my position on truth as follows: In a strict sense, all truth is provisional and stands open to challenge on the basis of a new interpretation of the persuasive essay available evidence or the provision of new evidence.
The key point here is that it is evidence - old or new - that is at the heart of the determination. In the meanwhile, the most truthful statements explain and are consistent with all the currently available evidence. On the basis of consistency and utility, the most truthful statements are likely to be consistent with the current paradigm until persuasive evidence challenges that paradigm. The most useful truths are those that do simply explain past phenomena but enable consistently accurate statements about the future. FURTHER READING The Demon-Haunted World by Carl Sagan (Random House, 1995) [for my review click here] Why People Believe Weird Things by Michael Shermer (W.H. Freeman, 1997) [for my review click here] The Skeptic's Dictionary by Robert Todd Carroll (John Wiley, 2003) [for online version click here] How Mumbo-Jumbo Conquered The World by Francis Wheen (Harper Perrenial, 2004) [for my review click here] Counterknowledge by Damian Thompson (Atlantic Books, 2008) [for my review click here] Don't Get Fooled Again by Richard Wilson (Icon Books, 2008) [for my review click here] Ben Goldacre's Bad Science site click here My advice on science news coursework drink How To Think Critically click here. Last modified on 28 June 2011. If you would like to comment on this essay e-mail me.
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