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Boswell, Johnson, the Birth of Modern Biography. When was the last time a notable person with lots to hide (obsessive-compulsive disorder, a refusal to bathe, the fact that he wore wigs that didn't fit) insisted that his biographer measure and record every fault with seismographic precision? It may well have been a good 236 years ago, on the morning in 1773 when Samuel Johnson divulged his theory on biography to James Boswell: I well remember that Dr. Johnson maintained, that 'If a man is to dissertation promotion write A Panegyrick, he may keep vices out of sight; but if he professes to write A Life, he must represent it as it really was:' And in template, the Hebrides he maintained, as appears from my Journal, that a man's intimate friend should mention his faults, if he writes his life. Clearly—clear to Boswell anyway—he was not merely recording one more of Johnson's opinions. He was getting his marching orders. Johnson, the greatest literary critic of zwischen, his time, was telling Boswell how to write what would eventually become his Life of Johnson . What neither man could foresee was that Boswell's biography would one day be far better known and college applicant, beloved than its subject. Dissertation. Johnson, besides being a fine critic, was also our most accomplished lexicographer, having almost singlehandedly compiled the first major dictionary of the English language. Entry. He was an accomplished poet and no mean essayist. And yet, we remember him best not for these accomplishments but as the garrulous subject of unterschied zwischen promotion, Boswell's Life . Today it's Boswell who is the online resume helper more widely read. Such is the unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion power of biography.

Since long before Plutarch, the story of online helper, a life has been our most durable and most enduringly popular literary form—it was Johnson's favorite reading. In our time alone it has multiplied into unterschied zwischen a dizzying number of online resume helper, forms—authorized, unauthorized, oral biography and autobiography, the group biography, the biographical novel, not to zwischen mention the autocad resume online biography. What is Facebook, or most blogs, but a slew of autobiographies constantly in unterschied zwischen, progress? But the most extraordinary thing about of thunder modern biography is how much, at zwischen dissertation its best, it still resembles the Boswellian model. In writing the online resume life of Johnson—and following his subject's dictates on how to zwischen dissertation promotion do it—Boswell did not only give us a great biography. He gave us the questions of thunder my cry formula: painstaking research, strong narrative, and in-depth, unflinching portraiture. Unterschied. Were either man to come back to life, he would have no trouble recognizing what he helped create.

What might shock both men, however, are the ends to which their techniques have been directed. Boswell was blushingly frank in his journals, and Johnson was blunt in entry essays, his judgments, but both men were circumspect, a word not often associated with biographies today, when the history of biography can be said to parallel, where it does not overlap, the unterschied zwischen dissertation history of the erosion of applicant, private life. Dissertation. There's no denying the proliferation of what Joyce Carol Oates defined as pathography—works in which a biographer fastens on to every loathsome detail of a subject's life, with the result that the msc health dissertation subject is not cut down to size but simply cut down. (But is that so new? A century ago Oscar Wilde observed, Every great man has his disciples, and it is always Judas who writes the biography.) But the path to pathography was surprisingly long. Nineteenth-century biographers weren't interested in flaws or the interior lives of their subjects. Their motto might well have been Never look under the hood. The result was a century's worth of two- and three-volume hagiography that might easily be confused with embalming. Then, in dissertation promotion, 1918, Lytton Strachey brought the promotion dissertation art of biography back from the dead. No book is more frequently cited as a model by contemporary biographers than Eminent Victorians , Strachey's withering demolition of four prominent individuals (Cardinal Manning, Florence Nightingale, Gen. Charles Gordon, and Dr. Thomas Arnold) who, as Strachey saw it, personified the hypocrisy, prudery, sanctimony, and unterschied zwischen promotion, maudlin patriotism that had condemned hundreds of thousands of young men to needless death in the Great War.

Strachey restored to essays biography its ability to take the full measure of unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, a subject, to celebrate where celebration is called for, but also to be bluntly critical when the occasion demanded it. He got his facts straight and wrote beautifully, proving that biography could aspire to on roll hear my cry art. He was also concise, the one lesson that seems to have been lost on his descendants. Logorrhea seems like a high price to unterschied pay when you're on page 300 of a life and you're not halfway home, but in biography there's always room for another point of view, a new light on a hitherto unexamined facet of msc health dissertation, a life. There is no longer any such thing as the definitive biography, if there ever really was one. Here, too, Johnson gives us a prime example. We continue to think of Boswell's biography as the best ever, but 80 percent of it focuses on Johnson after the two met in 1763. Boswell gives no inkling of what Johnson was like when he was young and unterschied dissertation, an insecure bumpkin striving, on nothing more than the strength of his wits, to make it in autocad resume, the big city. He has little to say about Johnson's liberated ideas about women, race, or poverty, and, weirdest of all, pays scant attention to Johnson the zwischen dissertation promotion writer. Boswell sincerely strove for a rounded portrait that included flaws (Johnson's bad table manners, his arrogance and rudeness), but time and again, Boswell's hero-worshiping got the better of him.

He only alludes to Johnson's melancholy, without much of an entry essays, inkling on how hard Johnson fought against depression or how deeply he feared eternal damnation—in Johnson's opinion, entertaining sinful thoughts was enough to send you to hell. In fact, Boswell wasn't even Johnson's first biographer. Both Sir John Hawkins and Johnson's great friend Hester Thrale had already published competing and dissertation, very different accounts before Life appeared. That squabbling set a precedent that continues to this day. Msc Health Dissertation. Johnson has been the subject of several major biographies in the past half century, three of them in the past year, his tercentenary, and there is something to recommend all three. Zwischen Dissertation. Read Peter Martin for a keen appreciation of Johnson the college writer, David Nokes for unterschied zwischen a shrewd demonstration of how the hardships and college, bad health of Johnson's youth foreshadowed his struggles as a mature man, and Jeffrey Meyers for zwischen the splendid manner in which he places Johnson in essay questions hear, the context of 18th-century England—not to mention for the latest dose of good old 18th-century pathology. After Hester Thrale's death in 1821, her effects were found to include an object she labeled Johnson's padlock. This, along with passages in her writings and letters written to her by Johnson, ignited a controversy in 1948, when Katherine Balderston, the editor of Thrale's papers, suggested that Johnson was masochistic and—not to mince words—into bondage. Most contemporary biographers have since taken issue with Balderston's suggestion, but not all. Dissertation Promotion. Meyers insistently agrees with her.

He concentrates on several well-known sentences and phrases in the writings of Johnson and Thrale. Johnson made a 1771 diary entry: Mad thoughts of autocad resume, fetters and handcuffs. He once told Thrale, in a conversation concerning a man who murdered his mistress, that a woman has such power between the ages of 25 and 45, that she may tye a man to a post and whip him if she will. Thrale commented on unterschied promotion this observation: This he knew of him self was literally and online resume helper, strictly true I am sure. There is also a 1773 letter from Johnson, in French (lest the servants see it), to Thrale while he was staying in her house, begging her to pay him more attention or lock him up if he got in her way (her mother was dying and her children were then threatened by a measles epidemic). Her reply to this plea, in which she addresses him like a child—because he was behaving like one?—concludes, Do not quarrel with your governess for not using the rod enough. From this evidence, Meyers builds a whips-and-chains relationship between Johnson and unterschied zwischen promotion, Thrale, and he does it so compellingly that, had you read no other accounts of Johnson's life, you'd believe it, too. Most recent Johnson biographers, while they acknowledge that he had a masochistic streak, do not go as far as Meyers, and with good reason, since most of his evidence is circumstantial.

True or not, Meyers has supplied one indisputable contribution: the best rationale for multiple versions of Johnson's life—or anyone's. As much as we know about msc health Johnson, we will never know all we want to know. Or about Lincoln, Shakespeare, or Cleopatra—any great man or woman, famous or not. As Johnson observed, There has rarely passed a life of which a judicious and faithful narrative would not be useful. One of the zwischen dissertation brighter aspects of dissertation, our time is that we are approaching the good doctor's unrestricted views on unterschied who qualifies for a biography. Before the last century, few people set great store by college essays, slave narratives or the promotion lives of women or of ordinary people. Now we crave them.

Generations define themselves by the styles of applicant essay, biographies they read. The Victorians sought a world of moral uplift, and the biographies they wrote and read reflect that. In our time, when pluralism and cultural democracy are in the ascendant, you find every style imaginable. In the field of biography, more is more. To paraphrase what Johnson said about London: anyone who is tired of biography is tired of life.

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Dissertation promotion unterschied …

Japan's Big 3 integrate containership businesses. Japan's three largest operators (Japan's Big Three), comprising Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K Line), Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) and Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK), announced on Oct. Unterschied Dissertation! 31 that they will integrate their liner containership businesses on the premise that they will secure the necessary permits from the relevant authorities. Promotion! The integration will also affect their overseas terminal businesses. Unterschied Zwischen Promotion! The total fleet scale of the three operators stands at about 1.4 million TEUs, so their integration will catapult them into becoming the sixth largest firm in the world in the containership business. They expect to rake in online resume, integration result of approximately Y110 billion per annum through the generation of synergy based on the best practices of the unterschied zwischen promotion three operators and entry essays . YKIP targeting 4.25 million TEUs in zwischen promotion, handlings in FY2020. Yokohama-Kawasaki International Port Corp. (YKIP) on Sept.

29 unveiled its 5-year medium-term management plan that covering fiscal 2016 up to fiscal 2020. Under the plan, YKIP aims to boost its container handlings to 4.25 million TEUs by msc health dissertation, fiscal 2020, from the dissertation current 2.9 million TEUs, as well as increase its trunk routes to more than 10 routes from the current eight. As for port facility development, YKIP aims to open D-1 terminal at Honmoku Pier by 2018, and promote the development of MC-3 east side and MC-4 at Minami-Honmoku, planning to kick off operation of these terminals at hear, an early stage. Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! Further, YKIP claimed that it will map out a development plan as soon as possible for the New Honmoku Pier. . NAA proposes relaxation of nighttime flight restrictions. A meeting of the autocad resume four parties relating to zwischen dissertation, Narita Airport, namely Chiba prefecture; the surrounding nine municipalities, the online helper Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT); and the Narita International Airport Corporation (NAA), was held on Sept. 27, during which the NAA conducted a survey report pertaining to improvements to the functionality of Narita Airport. In addition to the airport's land boundaries and the specific position of the No. 3 runway, it also proposed relaxing nighttime flight regulations, which are currently in effect from 11pm to 6am.

The proposal would reduce nighttime flight restrictions to zwischen dissertation promotion, four hours, from 1am to 5am, and would also abolish the restrictions on the number of flights after 10pm and flexible curfew operations. With regard to relaxation of nighttime flight restrictions, NAA stated that it would like to reopen discussions regarding a possible implementation timeline after gaining the understanding of the area in resume, terms of actual specifics of the unterschied zwischen promotion plan and resume other . Maersk Group new business strategy may include liner acquisitions again. Maersk Group announced its new business strategy on Sept. 22, revealing plans to promotion, focus its management resources in transport and logistics divisions comprised of containership, logistics, and college port operations going forward. At the dissertation same time, it also revealed plans to look into separating its oil development division. Given the stagnant state of the shipping market and the deteriorating business environment due to depreciation of autocad resume, crude oil prices, the company will reorganize its operations into two divisions, which will each move forward with new growth strategies. Maersk Line, which is a core part of its transport and logistics division, will aim to zwischen promotion, expand its market . Komatsu to improve distribution by utilizing Kanazawa Port. Komatsu is moving forward with improving its distribution through the utilization of Kanazawa Port. Last year, it implemented a system in which it handles heavy cargo at essay questions on roll of thunder, the port via RORO (roll on/roll off) ships through partnership with Sun Star Line and other operators, and began utilizing RORO ships for exporting press machines manufactured at its Kanazawa plant (Kanazawa, Ishikawa prefecture). It has revised its procedures so that it is able to load the machines onto zwischen dissertation promotion, the RORO ships alongside construction equipment from its Awazu plant (Komatsu). With this, it has been able to benefit from economy of scale in terms of freight rates, as well as improve the cargo handling quality and efficiency for press machines.

Going forward, it will promote . Hanjin Shipping goes under, files for essay questions on roll court protection. Hanjin Shipping announced at the board of directors' meeting held on Aug. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation! 31 that it has decided that day to file for court receivership. The company presented a proposal for business normalization at the end of last week that included additional funding amounting to 500 billion won, but Korea Development Bank (KDB) and the rest of its creditors rejected such proposal on Aug. 30, so it was forced to abort its business reconstruction program under a self-directed agreement. With the de facto bankruptcy, the company will be targeting restructuring under the control of the court henceforth, but some of its operational vessels are already being seized right now. Further, Hanjin has a much bigger scale than those that have gone under in the past and dissertation this is the first . Functional enhancement of the International Passenger Terminals at Haneda Airport. In order to increase the number of unterschied promotion, departure and arrival slots to online resume helper, 39,000 per year through the functional enhancement of Haneda Airport (Tokyo International Airport) by unterschied, 2020, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and entry essays Tourism (MLIT) plans to expand passenger terminal buildings and other facilities. In this plan, the zwischen existing terminal buildings for autocad resume international flights will be enhanced and a part of the Domestic Terminal 2 will be a shared facility for international and domestic flights.

In order to compensate for unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion the decline in the capacity for domestic flight, new facilities will be put in place. Specifically, a boarding bridge for domestic flights will be newly added to the apron on the north side of the Domestic Terminal 2. This apron is also located on the east side of the domestic flight east cargo area, so the online resume new facility will be constructed in a way that it will no impact on the cargo area and warehouse stations. The plan will be adjusted among MLIT, Japan Airport Terminal, airport facilities operators, airlines, and other concerned parties and unterschied zwischen dissertation moved forward so that these enhanced facilities . ANA Group's freighter capacity decreased by 16% On Aug. 24, ALL NIPPON AIRWAYS (ANA) Group announced its air transportation business plan for the second half of FY2016. Based on demand trends, the group will restructure a part of routes on its freighter networks as the gre essay template freighter capacity (on a ton-kilometer basis) decreased by 16.3% compared to the same period of the previous year. With regard to the international cargo business, the volume of transportation increased in the first quarter (April-June 2016), but revenues decreased due to the market downturn, a decline in unit prices, and other factors. Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! ANA's spokesperson stated at the interview held on Aug. 9 saying, We anticipate that the gre essay balance of supply and demand will stay unchanged during the July-September period. We therefore plan to reduce the volume of supplies in order to improve the substance of operations.

ANA plans to adjust supply and demand in the second half of current fiscal year and unterschied zwischen dissertation improve profitability through the operation of charter and template extra flights during the peak season. . Amazon showcased its first B767F aircraft. On August 5, Amazon showcased its first B767-300F aircraft (modified cargo aircraft, its registration number is N1997A) at the Seafair 2016 Boeing Air Show (held from August 5-7 in Seattle, Washington). Its nickname is Amazon One. The aircraft has been decorated with the logo of Prime Air on the body and the mark of Amazon on the tail. Amazon has concluded agreements for the lease of 20 B767F aircraft with each of Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings (AAWW), the parent company of Atlas Air, and U.S.-based Air Transport Services Group (ATSG). Atlas Air will operate B767-300BCF aircraft introduced at the show for Amazon. . IATA , FIATA agree to implement a new cargo program. International Air Transport Association (IATA) and unterschied dissertation International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA) have agreed to implement the IATA-FIATA Air Cargo Program (IFACP) to replace the existing IATA Cargo Agency Program. By shifting from the previous system that continued over several decades to msc health, the new system, they will bring the unterschied relationship between forwarders and airlines to an equal level in the industry and establish organizations for management and operations that are more suitable for the today's market conditions. IATA and FIATA plan to obtain approval at the FIATA World Congress 2016, which will be held in October 2016 in Dublin. It is anticipated that the IFACP will be launched on a trial basis in early 2017 in Canada and promotion dissertation full global rollout will be completed by the end of 2018. . Hyundai Merchant Marine and 2M agree to ally.

South Korea-based Hyundai Merchant Marine (HMM) has joined with the 2M alliance, which is unterschied zwischen promotion formed by Maersk Line and Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC) under vessel sharing agreement. HMM announced that it will launch a new service next April. HMM has signed an MOU with Maersk and MSC and autocad resume plans to carry out necessary procedures for relevant authorities in each country going forward. HMM aims to strengthen the service system and reduce costs whereas Maersk and MSC will be able to reinforce services provided in the Pacific area. HMM held an extraordinary shareholders' meeting on July 15 and adopted a reduction of its capital. In addition, its creditors will convert debts into stocks shortly. Thus HMM expects a drastic improvement in its financial standing. . JP and Aeon collaborating on overseas logistics. Japan Post Holdings (JPH) and Aeon Group announced July 8 that they will proceed with collaboration in four fields including overseas logistics. At first, Toll Holdings, a subsidiary of Japan Post (JP) of JPH in Australia, will conduct through transport of beef produced by unterschied, Tasmania Feedlot, a subsidiary of Aeon Group in Australia, from the autocad resume local meat-packing factories to Osaka Port. They will consider running logistics business also in Asia area from here on. JP dispatched in dissertation, 2015 ten employees to essay on roll hear my cry, Toll, and has gone ahead with sales activity in and out of unterschied promotion, Japan centering on autocad resume Japanese companies, resulting in being commissioned by multiple . ANA/UAL to develop business as a virtual company.

All Nippon Airways (ANA) and United Airlines (UAL) will initiate a joint venture (JV) on the Pacific Ocean routes in stages, beginning with the inception in July 5, 2016 of mutual sales of zwischen dissertation promotion, service from template, Japan bound for North America. Toshiaki Toyama, Cargo Marketing and Services, President of ANA Cargo, and Jan Krems, President of United Cargo, have held a press conference, explaining thoughts and expectation about the promotion JV's beginning and future activities. Toyama spoke his mind about the JV, saying, This is what is called 'business integration'. The two companies' combined 25 weekly Japan-North America flights will be integrated as a virtual company. He pointed out the direction in which the companies intend to start such a JV also on essay the Asia-South . Cargolux China announces business plan. Cargolux Airlines International (CLX) on June 15 held a press conference in Shanghai, announcing a business plan for Cargolux China which it says will start to operate in 2017 at the latest.

The plan lays out the policy of launching flights on the routes of North America and Intra-Asia/Australia including to/from Narita Airport, with Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport in Henan Province as a base point. It will operate to/from Narita flights on the Zhengzhou-Narita-Incheon-Zhengzhou route twice a week on Thursday and promotion Saturday, planning to use B747Fs for the service. Questions On Roll My Cry! Specifically, the CV9004 service to/from Narita is scheduled to arrive at 14:45 and depart at 16:45 on Thursdays, and the CV9006 service to arrive at 12:05 and depart . DHL Express starts world-class mega Tokyo Gateway operation. DHL started on June 2, 2016 operation of unterschied zwischen, Tokyo Gateway (Tokyo GW) in Shin-Kiba, Koto-ku, Tokyo. The upgraded new facility is a replacement of Tokyo Distribution Center (TDC; located in Shin-Kiba, Koto-ku, Tokyo) which began operation in online helper, October 2002, and zwischen dissertation promotion has doubled cargo handling capacity by introducing automated sorting machine, compared with TDC where cargo was handled on a manual basis. The company intends to entry essays, link the unterschied zwischen dissertation new facility with room for space extension to its further progress in Japanese market, taking aim at the future business expansion. The development of Tokyo GW was launched in autocad resume, July 2014, and part of its operation was kicked off in March 2016. The five-story facility . JR Freight to open multi-tenant DC in October 2021. Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight) has announced that the company's first multi-tenant large-sized distribution center (DC) will be named Tokyo Rail Gate WEST (the current F Plaza Tokyo M bldg.) and Tokyo Rail Gate EAST (the current F Plaza Tokyo N bldg.).

This project of the dissertation promotion large-scale distribution center comprising the two buildings is to be completed in October 2021. As the center, neighboring Japanese representative sea and air gateways of Tokyo Port's international container terminal and Haneda Airport (Tokyo International Airport), is advantageously located in the premises of the msc health dissertation company's Tokyo . CPA/LCAG set to start JV on HK-Europe routes. Cathay Pacific Airways (CPA) cargo division and unterschied dissertation promotion Lufthansa Cargo (LCAG) are set to enter into a joint venture of cargo business. Their top executives had reached agreement on an highly integrated mutual cooperation on the routes between Hong Kong and Europe, signing it in Frankfurt. The two companies jointly made an announcement on May 12. The duo will closely collaborate on network planning, sales activities, IT and ground handling on the routes linking Hong Kong, China and Germany. To begin with, they will inaugurate transport utilizing that framework early 2017, and start ex-Europe service during 2017.

They will go ahead with the JV, abiding by the related laws including competition act in EU and Hong Kong. . KWE aims for 50% more volume in new mid-term plan. Kintetsu World Express (KWE) held a press conference in Tokyo on May 13 in questions on roll hear my cry, the presence of the top officials and unterschied executives including Satoshi Isizaki, president, explaining about a new mid-term management plan for three years starting from the current FY2016 (ending March 2017) and other matters. In the plan, KWE upholds a goal to increase handling volume of autocad resume, air and marine cargo by 50% each compared with the current levels. Ishizaki said at the conference that, We will expand volume focusing on corporate accounts (priority customers), and offer bold rates for customers of APL Logistics (APLL) centering on retail-related ones, utilizing our purchasing power, indicating . SG Holdings aiming at Y1 trillion sales in FY2018. SG Holdings (SGHD, Chairman: Eiichi Kuriwada) has drawn up First Stage 2018, a new mid-term management plan starting from FY2016 as the first year. The plan upholds as targets sales of Y1 trillion and operating profits of Y62 billion in unterschied zwischen, the last year of online resume helper, FY2018. Dissertation! The company aims to make a departure from dependency on promotion its delivery business centering on Sagawa Express, creating added value by linking it to the other business segments such as overseas and its related services and by providing solutions leveraging the dissertation promotion group's total strength. The company emphasizes intensification of the msc health promotion dissertation group management for growth. Kuriwada and Tadashi Machida, president, and the other executives held a press conference on unterschied dissertation May 6, explaining about the results of FY2015 (ending March 2016) and the new mid-term plan. Kuriwada said . CMA-CGM/COSCO/Evergreen/OOCL alliance to be launched April 2017.

CMA-CGM, COSCO Container Lines, Evergreen Line and OOCL have agreed that they will establish Ocean Alliance, a new alliance, and move on to set up a new structure for it accordingly. Joined by OOCL in alliance with the world third (CMA-CGM), fourth (COSCO) and fifth (Evergreen) containership operators, it will occupy 23% of the resume helper share on the East-West routes, the second largest to zwischen dissertation, 2M by Maersk Line and MSC. Meanwhile, the next focal point is how CKYHE, bolted by COSCO and Evergreen, and the remaining carriers of G6 Alliance, seceded by OOCL in addition to APL, will respond to template, the new alliance's emergence. Unterschied Dissertation Promotion! Negotiations looking for the third alliance are to shift into . Nippon Express formulates new mid-term management plan. Nippon Express (Nittsu) has drawn up the Nittsu Group Management Plan 2018 - New World Nittsu, a three-year mid-term management plan with FY2017 starting from next April as the first year. In the questions on roll hear my cry plan the company sets a goal of chalking up in the year ending in March 2019 sales of Y2,150 billion, up 7.5% compared with FY2015 ending in March 2016 (estimated), operating profits of Y75 billion, up 38.9%, and net profits of Y45 billion, up 32.0%, and 2.8% (0.3 percentage points) more of unterschied zwischen dissertation, ROA, paying more attention to profitability. Autocad Resume! The company positions the three years as the culmination of the zwischen management measures and policies from the preceding and college applicant essay second preceding mid-term plans with which it has been reinforcing the Nittsu group's total strength and management practices and cultures, and will take aim at enhancing profitability based on unterschied zwischen promotion the efforts it has made thus far. Essay! The planned investment in the term amounts to Y200 billion. Dissertation Promotion! . 2016 Customs Revision Bill passed for office liberalization in autocad resume, 2017. A partial revision bill necessary to realize the liberalization of unterschied promotion, export/import declaration offices (liberalization of offices) was passed by the plenary session of the Upper House on March 29. As the revision for the liberalization of offices is stipulated in the bill to be enforced on the day no longer than two years of the promulgation as designated by msc health promotion, the ordinance, the government aims to unterschied, put it into force in dissertation, October 2017 when the liberalization is planned to be implemented. The customs and tariff bureau and custom-houses will work on the preparation for the implementation.

In accordance with this liberalization, part of the Customs Brokerage Act will also be revised, and it is planned to be enacted around the same time as the liberalization-related laws. In addition to the liberalization, the passed bill encompasses the customs revision related to six law items such as the extension of application deadlines of interim tariff rates and the readjustment of duty rates, although these measures are to take effect on April 1. . Cargo 2000 introduces logo for renamed Cargo iQ [By Akino Mochizuki in Berlin, March 16, 2016] International Air Transport Association (IATA) has renamed its brand Cargo 2000 (C2K) to Cargo iQ (CARGOiQ) since March 16., announced Ariaen Zimmermann, Executive Director in charge of Cargo iQ (ex-Executive Director in charge of Cargo 2000), at the 10th World Cargo Symposium (WCS) in the afternoon of that day. Zimmermann said, We will go ahead with smart data projects more strategically from here on, indicating that it will take a policy of building up more detailed cargo information . YKIP to become operating company of Keihin Port. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) issued on March 4 a designation certificate to recognize as an operating company of Keihin Port Yokohama-Kawasaki International Port Corporation (YKIP), which is an integrated company of unterschied, Yokohama and Kawasaki ports and had applied for the designation. The national government's investment enabled by this issuance is planned to be conducted within the month. YKIP will start operation in full swing next month, managing the CTs of Yokohama and Kawasaki ports integrally. because of the college entry essays designation, as Hanshin International Port Corporation has already begun operation at unterschied zwischen promotion, Hanshin Port in the Kansai district, the framework will be established where Japanese government . Yusen Logistics (YLK) has established Ichikawa-Shiohama Logistics Center (Ichikawa-Shiohama LC) in Ichikawa, Chiba, by helper, transferring its function at Atsugi Logistics Center (Atsugi LC), leading to scale expansion of its warehouses. The measure is aimed to zwischen promotion, garner new customers and as a result of the autocad resume contract expiration of facilities at Atsugi LC.

The scale of Ichikawa-Shiohama LC has been enlarged from 4,000 to 5,000 sqm. The company intends to dissertation promotion, accelerate the contract logistics (CL) business in Japan by college, promoting sales to the existing clients and finding new supply chain-related customers . UPS addressing advent of entrepreneurial economy. David Abney, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Kurt Kuehn, Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and Richard Peretz, Deputy CFO of United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS), met with the press from Asia at its headquarters in Atlanta on promotion June 8, local time, and talked about such matters as the company's business policies. Abney pointed out that the world economy has shifted to an entrepreneurial economy where small/medium-scale companies go toe-to-toe with the global giants following the college essays spread of e-commerce (EC). Citing that the activation of dissertation promotion, small/medium-size companies holds the college key to the Asian economy, Abney said that, We will support sustainable economies and EC through our UPS supply chain. He also discussed the alleviation of barriers to trade and . Suzue launches local subsidiary in Mexico. Suzue Corporation (headed by its president, Takahiro Suzue) announced on unterschied zwischen promotion June 11 that it has established the logistics company Suzue Logistics Mexico in Zacatecas, Mexico. The new company will engage in the businesses of cargo transport, logistics services inside factories and forwarding. The Mexican subsidiary was established through full capitalization by the Suzue Group. Its capital of 6.26 million Mexican pesos (about Y50 million) will be funded 99% by the Suzue Corp. and college entry 1% by zwischen, Suzue Container Transport. The subsidiary is msc health hoping to capture demands in the logistics operations of manufacturers who are making a foray into the mega industrial complex at Zacatecas, as well as to create a system that will address the diversifying logistics needs in the country.

As for future developments, the company claims that it plans to open a One-Stop Service Center (OSSC) inside the above industrial complex that will provide such facilities as warehousing, offices, simple lodging houses . NACCS Center targeting Y10 billion in sales in FY2017. Nippon Automated Cargo and Port Consolidated System (NACCS) Center on June 8 unveiled its new three-year medium-term management plan dubbed Moving Forward - Next Stage 2017 - We Change, Our Company Changes which kicked off in fiscal 2015 ending March next year. Under the new plan, the zwischen company has set its targeted sales for fiscal 2017 ending March 2018, the final year in the plan, to Y10 billion, up 4.2% from the sales recorded in fiscal 2014 that ended this March. Aside from focusing on college applicant essay the stable operation of zwischen dissertation promotion, systems and the development and introduction of next-generation systems that are targeted for operation in October 2017, NACCS also aims to reinforce its peripheral services through the promotion of new businesses. Gre Essay! It also aims to unterschied zwischen, build a comprehensive logistics information platform that will further boost convenience in trading-related operations. The company had already laid out a four-year medium-term plan that covers up to fiscal 2015, but given the sale of its government-owned shares that is questions of thunder my cry slated to take place this fiscal year and its 10th anniversary in 2018 . Kokubu opens multiple-temperature logistics biz in Myanmar. Food wholesale giant Kokubu Co. (headed by its president, Kanbei Kokubu) has launched its three-temperature warehousing and logistics business in Myanmar. Promotion! The joint venture company (jvc) that it put up in Yangon last year has been engaged in college, the transport of processed meats, fruits and unterschied promotion vegetables, medical goods, fishery products and other cargoes, but it was recently commissioned to undertake store deliveries using its three-temperature warehouse by Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) that is slated to open its first store in Yangon within this month. With this, it put up a three-temperature center in Mingaladon in the outskirts of Yangon and the said warehouse is now being used for deliveries within Yangon and to college applicant, the suburbs from Yangon. . WCO-ICAO 7+1 meeting closes with commitment to zwischen promotion, more studies on pilot results.

The World Customs Organization (WCO) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which have been deliberating upon such matters as the concretization of the so-called 7+1 standard for Security and Facilitation in resume helper, a Global Environment (SAFE, the WCO basic framework for ensuring safer and dissertation smoother international trade) in relation to safety information prior to the loading of air cargoes, has convened the third session of the gre essay template ICAO-WCO Joint Working Group on unterschied Advance Cargo Information in Washington D.C. for three days starting May 18, where they held discussions on Phase 2 activities related to entry, studies about the 7+1 rule. The event marked the zwischen dissertation first meeting headlining Phase 2 of 7+1. At the meeting, results of the pilot tests conducted thus far were shared between the two organizations, thereby deepening the applicant understanding of related sectors about the overall concept of and risk management involved . Maersk orders up to zwischen dissertation, 17 units of 20,000-TEU boxships. Danish liner giant Maersk Line on June 2 signed a newbuilding contract for eleven 19,630-TEU containerships with six more on option with South Korea's Daewoo Shipbuilding Marine Engineering (DSME) at its head office in Copenhagen. Total contract value for 11 units on firm order was given at gre essay, $1.8 billion. Scheduled to be completed between April 2017 and May 2018, the 11 mega-boxships will be deployed on the Asia-Europe route. Maersk earlier disclosed its plan to make equipment investment totaling $15 billion over the five years from 2015 through 2019. Zwischen Dissertation! It already ordered seven 3,600-TEU boxships at autocad resume, the turn of dissertation promotion, 2015.

The above order is also in line . IATA, FIATA project shift of APAC to new forwarder system in 3Q 2016. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) and college applicant essay the International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA) are slated to reach a formal agreement within this month about the unterschied zwischen promotion shift to the IATA/FIATA forwarder system. The new system will first be rolled out template as a pilot project in Canada in the fourth quarter of this year. The Asia Pacific region, including Japan, will shift to unterschied zwischen, the new system in the third quarter of 2016, with the switch to college applicant, the new system to be completed in 2017. IATA-accredited cargo agencies under the conventional cargo agency system will become forwarders and they will stand on equal footing with the airlines. If deliberations on such matters as the smoothening of operations by the two entities as a single unit were to advance, it is expected to lead to shorter lead times in air transport, but it may also cause a conflict of zwischen dissertation, interest. IATA's Cargo Agency Conference (CAC) has officially decided to switch to the new system at the meeting that was held in college entry, Shanghai in March this year.

It will publish a handbook that sums up the regulations on IATA/FIATA Air . Suzuyo puts up local subsidiary in the Philippines. Suzuyo Co. has recently established the local subsidiary Suzuyo Whitelands Logistics, Inc. in the Philippines jointly with a local logistics provider and another partner, kicking of operation at the new office on June 1. It has long been engaged in zwischen promotion, the international transport of goods to/from the Philippines through its partner, UPS, but with the launch of its Philippine subsidiary, it aims to shift to independent domestic logistics operations toward the expansion of its business interests in the country. It also plans to msc health dissertation, promote in the Philippines the horizontal deployment of the temperature-controlled logistics services it currently offers in Thailand. The new venture will start with domestic transport and delivery, but Suzuyo will also consider the construction of warehouses with constant temperature storage functions in the future while monitoring the unterschied promotion progress of its business. Suzuyo has been stepping up the reinforcement of its bases in the growing markets of the ASEAN region through such moves as putting up a local subsidiary in Indonesia in September 2011 and a branch for its Thai . DHL to expand Cincinnati hub again. DHL announced on college entry May 27 that it would invest $180 million (approximately Y13.4 billion at Y124-to-the-dollar exchange rate) in the expansion of its U.S. hub that is located at the Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG) in unterschied zwischen promotion, Cincinnati, U.S.A. The hub aims to address the growing international trade transactions in the U.S., starting with the Cross-Border E-Commerce (Cross-Border EC) market. With this investment, DHL aims to boost the efficiency of sorting cargoes and autocad resume loading them into aircrafts by unterschied dissertation, introducing new machines that will the increase the space in storage sheds and at the tarmacs for airplanes. Applicant! The details of zwischen dissertation promotion, its investment plans . Topre's Indonesian jvc kicks off production of cold containers.

Automotive part/refrigerated vehicle manufacturing giant Topre Corp. (led by its president, Shinichiro Uchigasaki) has recently established a joint venture company (jvc) in Jakarta, Indonesia for the purpose of entry essays, manufacturing and zwischen dissertation selling refrigeration equipment and refrigerated containers. Msc Health Promotion! The new company, which represents the unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion first foreign-funded frozen/refrigerated vehicle manufacturer's foray into Indonesia, entered full-fledged production this month. Demand for temperature-controlled logistics services for food products and other goods in Indonesia is growing owing to such factors as the rise in the country's income levels and gre essay the subsequent changes in diet among its people. Now by releasing Japan-quality temperature-controlled vehicles to the market while providing consulting services to logistics firms and other entities on such matters as boosting loading ratio, Topre aims to support the creation of a cold . Nankai Express launches Vietnamese subsidiary. Nankai Express Co., Ltd. on May 1 kicked off the operation of the local subsidiary it established in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. The new company is a joint venture with AGL, which is a trading house-affiliated NVOCC, and a local logistics firm. In addition to forwarding services to/from Vietnam, the new subsidiary will also handle apparel products and other goods bound for Japan from Cambodia. It also intends to expand its business with an eye toward making a foray into cross-border transport in Indochina in conjunction with the inauguration of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) that is unterschied zwischen dissertation slated to autocad resume, take place at the end of this year and the advancement in economic integration in the ASEAN region. The new company, Nankai AGL Vietnam, was established effective January 5 this year. It is capitalized at unterschied dissertation promotion, $200,000, and is owned 85% by Nankai Express, 10% by AGL and 5% by the local forwarder BEE Logistics.

It has four . Mitsui-Soko Holdings to acquire Danish logistics firm. Mitsui-Soko Holdings (Mitsui-Soko HD) announced on May 11 that it would acquire the Denmark-headquartered logistics firm Prime Cargo Group. It will buy all shares in the Danish subsidiary of the Group from online resume helper, its holding company effective May 29. Together with that, Mitsui-Soko HD will also acquire the Hong Kong subsidiary that is owned by executives of the Group. The Prime Cargo Group is an international logistics company whose strength lies in the air/marine transport of apparels. By acquiring Prime Cargo Group, Mitsui-Soko HD will be able to make a full-fledged foray into the Eastern European market, as well as boost its ability to capture cargoes between Asia, its main thrust, and Northern Europe. Total acquisition price of the above two companies stood at Y5.2 billion. Under the deal, Mitsui-Soko HD's European subsidiary will acquire the Danish subsidiary Prime Cargo A/S (headquartered in Kolding, Denmark and led by Morten Hogsberg Nielsen) from the unterschied promotion Prime Cargo Group's . SG Holdings projecting Y940 billion in sales in FY2015. SG Holdings Co., Ltd. forecasts that its sales for fiscal 2015 ending March next year (March 21, 2015-March 20, 2016) will total Y940 billion, down by a little less than 10% of its sales in the previous year. The Sri Lanka-headquartered international logistics firm Expolanka Holdings that was acquired by SG Holdings boosted its half-year sales in fiscal 2014 that ended in March this year to about Y20 billion. Expolanka will contribute to the business results of SG Holdings for applicant essay the whole of fiscal 2015, so it will cause a further increase of about Y20 billion in the latter's revenues.

Even in its main business of delivery services, the unit price of package delivery turned around until the previous fiscal year, recovering to a level that is dissertation promotion little . Centrair set to welcome new president. The Central Japan International Airport Co. (Centrair) announced on April 28 that Masanao Tomozoe, CEO of Toyota Motor Sales Marketing Corp., is scheduled to assume the online helper role of its new president. Unterschied Zwischen Promotion! Tomozoe's appointment will become official after obtaining the msc health promotion dissertation necessary approval from the 17th annual shareholders' meeting and board of directors' meeting, and the permission of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Unterschied Dissertation Promotion! Hiroshi Kawakami, current president of the company, will take on the role of gre essay template, corporate adviser. Zwischen Promotion! With this, Tomozoe will become the fourth president of essay on roll of thunder, Centrair in a row to have come from Toyota Motor Corp., starting from unterschied zwischen, Centrair's first president.

Kawakami, who served as the vice-president of Toyota Tsusho Corp., assumed the presidency at Centrair in June 2009. He led the company through the Lehman shock in September 2008, the global epidemic on the new strain of influenza in 2009 . Ethiopian Airlines to essay on roll of thunder my cry, receive two cargo planes this fall. Ethiopian Airlines (ETH) kicked off the Narita-Hong Kong- Addis Ababa service using a B787 aircraft on April 22. To commemorate the event, Tewolde Gebremariam, its CEO, came to Japan on April 23 and held a press conference in Tokyo on the next day, where he talked about his company's business overview, future expansions and other matters. With regard to cargoes, expansion at the cargo terminal in Addis Ababa is advancing in two stages, and after two years, its cargo handling capacity will balloon by 1.2 million tons per annum.

After the press briefing, Gebremariam said that, We are slated to take delivery of the two B777-200F aircraft units we ordered - one each in October and November, adding that . Naha port seals MOU with Taiwanese port operator. The Naha Port Authority and the Taiwan International Ports Corp. (TIPC), which manages/operates the major ports in Taiwan, entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on partnership ports last April 21. Takeshi Onaga, governor of Okinawa Pref. and administrator of the Naha Port Authority, signed the MOU with and Zhang Zi-qing, chairman of TIPC, on unterschied promotion the said date in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. With this MOU, the two companies will team up in various fields such as logistics and cruise industry in a bid to boost exchange between Japan and Taiwan. The MOU pertaining to partnership ports marks the first of its kind for . New free trade zones to open in Tianjin, Guangdong, Fujian. The General Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China has officially announced that new free trade areas will be launched in resume, the city of zwischen dissertation, Tianjin and the provinces of Guangdong and Fujian, while the existing free trade zone in college applicant essay, Shanghai will be expanded. Increasing the number of free trade zones in the country to four provinces/cities is a sign of China's commitment to further open its doors to foreign businesses in such areas as finance, trade and logistics. Even the non-bonded zones have been included in dissertation promotion, the expansion. Notifications referring to the above new free trade zones were released on April 8. According to the notifications, the China (Tianjin) Pilot Free Trade Zone, the China (Guangdong) Pilot Free Trade Zone and the China (Fujian) Pilot Free . Schiphol Airport to shift to full-fledged use of SmartGate Cargo in 2016.

The SmartGate Cargo system, which was rolled out at the Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (AAS) in 2010 will enter into full-fledged operation next year. Resume! A public-private project centering on customs procedures, SmartGate Cargo computerizes cargo information and integrates cargo monitoring and zwischen promotion management systems at the airport toward improved speed in cargo handling. It will also make the remote inspection of all cargoes possible. In an interview with Saskia van Pelt, Cargo Business Development Director of AAS, in online resume, Tokyo, she told Kaiji Press (KP) that the SmartGate Cargo is an unprecedented initiative that has no parallel among the other airports . New Panama Canal to kick off commercial operation in April 2016. Jorge Quijano, CEO of the Panama Canal Authority (ACP), was recently interviewed by Daily Cargo in Tokyo, where he disclosed the likelihood of the commercial operation of the unterschied zwischen promotion new Panama Canal taking place in April 1 next year. The ACP has thus far said that the expanded canal will kick off its commercial operation in the first quarter of essay questions hear, next year. Quijano claimed that construction at the new canal is unterschied progressing smoothly and autocad resume that test operation at the canal is set to begin next January.

Quijano came to Japan to attend the 24th advisory board meeting that was held by the ACP in Tokyo last week. According to an announcement released by the ACP on unterschied zwischen April 9, delegates, including top ACP executives, came to Japan and held talks with external advisors comprised of shipping-affiliated entities from various . Large Scale Organizational Change in May - Nippon Express. Nippon Express Co., Ltd. on April 10 announced that it will carry out the first largest scale organizational change in 53 years of its history on May 1. Its purpose is to gre essay template, establish one stop service system to maximize overall corporate power of land, sea and air. Since April 2013 the company has been undertaking the zwischen promotion company-wide task Nippon Express Group Management Program 2015 - Reform and Breakthrough on the major basic strategy to further expand Nippon Express global logistics business and refresh management. Organizational change is intended to drive forward this undertaking. Since May 2014 restructurings have been made in Kyushu, Kansai and Chubu regional organizations such as to incorporate Fukuoka Marine Branch into a compound business. In the May restructuring, Kanto regional organization will be reorganized incorporating new Air Transport Business Branch and Marine . North America-Japan Charter Flights Marked Largest Record at 400. The number of charter air cargo flights for online resume Japan-North America in February and March this year influenced by cargo handling delays at the U.S. west coast ports reached approximately 400 based on the data compiled by unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, Cargo Daily. Autocad Resume! Foreign airlines plied 338 charter flights in total in October and unterschied promotion November 2002 to tackle with the blockade of msc health promotion, major 29 ports in the U.S. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation! west coast at the end of September of the same year.

At that time Japan Airlines, North West Airlines, etc. were operating scheduled cargo flights between Japan and essay the United States and therefore numerous relief flights were plied as emergency measures. Though it is unknown whether . Normalization of LA/LB still takes time despite eased demurrage. The state of zwischen dissertation promotion, ships held up at essay of thunder hear my cry, Los Angeles (LA)/Long Beach (LB) ports has been seeing improvement since a temporary agreement was reached with regard to unterschied zwischen, a new labor agreement for North America West Coast ports. While approximately 30 ships had been put on hold at sea at the two ports in mid-March, that number had dropped to seven ships as of April 5. Existing problems, such as the shortages of autocad resume, chassis and truck drivers, continue to remain unresolved, however, but port authorities for both ports continue to advance measures for solutions. Unterschied Zwischen! In addition to the port authorities allowing chassis leasing companies to mutually facilitate equipment in March, they have also convened conferences for msc health those concerned people to have a dialogue in search of solutions to the congestion problem. Meanwhile, some local . OOCL orders six 20,000-TEU boxships from Samsung. Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL) announced on March 31 that it has ordered six 20,000-TEU mega-containerships from unterschied promotion, South Korea's Samsung Heavy Industries. Resume! Total contract value is given at $951.6 million, or $158.6 million apiece, and all units will be completed by the end of 2017. Among the members of G6 Alliance, to which OOCL belongs, Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) has already decided on the construction of six identical mega-ships and their deployment to the Europe route within 2017. It is seen that the unterschied dissertation promotion duo's combined 12 units will create one loop to serve the Europe route.

OOCL did not reveal major specifications and other details of the newbuildings, but it is the third operator to have ordered mega-boxships exceeding 20,000 TEUs in capacity, following MOL and CMA-CGM which also announced its order for such ships only recently. Autocad Resume! As the 12 units of unterschied, OOCL and gre essay template MOL will be completed almost around . Senior managing director Ikeda to be new MOL president. Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) announced on March 31 that president Koichi Muto will step aside to the post of chairman with the representative right and unterschied Junichiro Ikeda, senior managing executive officer, will become president with the representative right, both effective June 23. In a press briefing held at MOL's head office in Tokyo's Toranomon district on that day, Muto said, Five years have passed since I assumed the presidency, and I've regarded the period of five years as a benchmark one since I was appointed president. This time I've passed the baton (sash) over to a next-generation president, who will take the of thunder hear leadership in revving up the engine of MOL on dissertation promotion a growth path. Muto thus explained the succession of leadership, likening it to the traditional ekiden long-distance road relay race. College! Meanwhile, Ikeda, who is set to be new president of MOL, said, (Having the dissertation promotion tasuki (sash) handed from president Muto on) I will again . Maersk orders seven boxships from COSCO Shipyard. Maersk Line announced on March 26 it has ordered seven 3,600-TEU ice-class containerships from college entry, China's COSCO Shipyard Group. Unterschied Zwischen! The ships are for delivery to Seago Line, its fully-owned shipping subsidiary operating in Europe.

They will be deployed in the Baltic and North Sea regions, beginning in 2017. The vessels will sail on marine gas oil (MGO) to gre essay template, meet the tightened emission limits which were put into force in dissertation, the regions in entry, January 2015. Soren Toft, COO of Maersk Line, said in a press release, We expect to place additional orders during 2015. Seago Line offers short-sea container services in Europe and zwischen the Mediterranean Sea. It currently operates 67 ships ranging in capacity from 375 TEUs to helper, 3,000 TEUs with a combined . Common use of MC-3 CT at Yokohama port to begin April 1.

MC-3, a new container terminal (CT) at Yokohama port's Minami Monmoku Pier with a depth of 20 meters, one of the largest in zwischen dissertation, the world, is likely to be put to common use starting April 1, 2015. This was disclosed recently by multiple related sources. The near-term priority challenge our company needs to address is the consolidation of Minami Honmoku Pier MC-3 Terminal that is promotion one of the unterschied zwischen promotion largest/leading-edge CTs in gre essay, Japan. We are pushing ahead with consolidation work to make MC-3 a higher-standard CT than conventional ones in dissertation promotion, terms of response to the growing trend of deploying larger-size ships and earthquake resistance as well as environmental friendliness, so the most important point is to complete MC-3 as planned, Masayuki Takashima, president of Yokohama Port Corporation (YPC) said at an inaugural press conference in July 2012 when he assumed the presidency. Since January 2007, the Yokohama municipal government and applicant YPC have pressed ahead with consolidation work for the deep-water berth MC-3 which they . Air France to suspend Narita cargo flights service from April. Air France (AFR) will suspend their currently operating weekly cargo flights service, which flies from Narita → Incheon → Paris, as from April 1. It was carried out as a part of the cargo flight business restructuring plan known as Perform 2020 that the dissertation AFR/KLM airline group announced in September 2014 as a 2015-20 medium-term management plan.

Other than Narita, they will also stop their Singapore → Bangkok → Dubai → Amsterdam line (this currently operates bi-weekly). Their Hong Kong departure flight which flies from Hong Kong → Chennai → Mumbai → Amsterdam line (five flights per week) is being changed to Hong Kong → Amsterdam . NYK changes coming to its Japan-Southeast Asia route. Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK) is set to reorganize its Japan-Southeast Asia trade route. The company announced its new service structure on March 3. It will cease its existing Japan-South China/Thailand/Vietnam Perseus (PER) service, and establish a new service called Phoenix 2 (PHX2) from the Kansai region, which will offer the industry's fastest service to Thailand at six days. It will also begin making port calls to Yokkaichi on its Japan-Indonesia/Straits LEO service, and continue calling at Subic port on its Japan-Taiwan/Philippines Meteor (MET) service. NYK has stated that the reorganization is an effort to college applicant, reinforce its cargo booking levels in the intra-Asia region, and unterschied NYK Container Line has commented that it plans on hear capitalizing on demand by unterschied dissertation promotion, establishing the fastest service to Thailand from both the Kanto . K Line eyeing Y85 billion ordinary profit in FY2019. Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K Line) on March 2 unveiled its new medium-term management plan K Line Value for our Next Century covering five years from autocad resume, fiscal 2015. K Line has set its ordinary profit targets at unterschied zwischen dissertation, Y60 billion for fiscal 2017 and Y85 billion for fiscal 2019, against estimated Y48 billion for fiscal 2014 (ending March 2015).

On top of LNG carriers, LPG carriers, Capesizes and essay on roll hear my cry coal carriers, all promising to secure medium/long-term contracts, K Line also aims to reinforce its logistics business centering on Asian emerging economies to reduce its dependence on containership sector. By beefing up such business segments, K Line hopes to unterschied zwischen promotion, increase its stable revenues/profits to Y52 billion from Y36 billion in questions on roll my cry, fiscal 2014. . HMM to suspend JAS Japan-NA West Coast service. South Korean operator Hyundai Merchant Marine (HMM) will suspend its JAS service on the Japan-North America West Coast route as from the end of dissertation, April 2015. HMM is offering JAS via space charter from a shuttle service run jointly by Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) and Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K Line) on the route. HMM abandoned to maintain JAS as it saw little prospect for improved profitability on the route against the backdrop of freight rates for autocad resume ex-Japan cargo stuck to very low levels. For its North America-bound cargo, HMM plans to utilize slots on other G6 Alliance services calling at Japan from here on, but with this, HMM will have no ex-Japan PSW-bound direct services.

APL Ltd. also ceased handling cargo via JAS in October 2014, citing similar reasons to HMM's. A tendency to scale down services bound . Japan Post to acquire Australia's Toll Holdings. On Feb. 18, Japan Post announced it would purchase 100% of the outstanding shares of unterschied zwischen dissertation, Australia's Toll Holdings (Toll) and begin the procedure of making it a subsidiary. The purchase price will be Y620 billion (based on a rate of Y95 per AU$1.00). Toll has built a business of freight forwarding, third-party logistics (3PL) and express service having strengths in resume helper, the region of Asia-Pacific. In deploying an international logistics business, Japan Post will position Toll as a platform company and unterschied zwischen dissertation use its expertise and experience to expand its revenue in that business.

Acquiring the stake must meet the conditions of approval at the Toll shareholders' meeting planned for May and questions on roll my cry approval by Australian . KWE acquires APL Logistics, reinforcing business base in automobile, retail industry. Kintetsu World Express, Inc. Promotion! (KWE) announced on Feb. 17 that it has entered into essay an agreement with Singapore-based Neptune Orient Lines. Ltd. (NOL) for the acquisition of unterschied promotion, all shares in APL Logistics (APLL), the logistics subsidiary of NOL. Total acquisition price of the shares came to about Y144.2 billion, including the advisory costs. With the purchase of college entry, APLL, sales of KWE Group will balloon to surpass Y500 billion. KWE will also boost its presence in the market, raising its position as an international logistics service provider to around 18th spot from its current mid-20s ranking. Vehicle and unterschied zwischen promotion retail-related segments, APLL's forte, are the industry areas that had been major issues for msc health KWE in dissertation, recent years. As such, APLL's acquisition will help KWE reinforce its customer base in these areas.

KWE also expects to reap synergistic effects by linking its forwarding business with APLL's order management . Centrair's pres. Msc Health Dissertation! Kawakami meets the press on the 10th Anniversary of the Airport. Today is the 10th anniversary of the opening of unterschied dissertation promotion, Chubu Centrair International Airport (Centrair). Hiroshi Kawakami, president of questions on roll, Centrair, held a news conference Feb. 16. Taking into account the unterschied promotion fact that the airport is the result of a coming together of nearly a half century of demand for infrastructure in the local region and passion, he said, We are positioning the promotion dissertation milestone of the 10th year anniversary since the opening of the airport as a 'second airport opening,' and we will work to unterschied promotion, meet anew the expectations everyone placed in us at the time of the opening and to entry, take on the new role of contributing to the next period of regional growth.

We have renewed our . Vice president Katanozaka named to become next president of ANA Holdings. At a special board meeting held on Feb. 13, ANA Holdings decided that vice president and unterschied dissertation representative director Shinya Katanozaka will be promoted to president and CEO effective April 1. And on template the same date, incumbent president and CEO Shinichiro Ito will become chairman and executive director and unterschied zwischen dissertation board chairman Yoji Ohashi will become an adviser. During a news conference on Feb. 13, next president Katanozaka said, ANA has achieved growth by always taking on challenges in new business areas. The appeal of ANA is its power to autocad resume, grow. I would like to manage based on the keywords of safety, customers and growth. He went on zwischen dissertation promotion to say, International air routes will now be our main . TSA demands updated safety rules for freighter planes to/from the U.S. The U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) of the Department of Homeland Security, will strengthen its security program for freighter planes departing from and online helper arriving at U.S. airports by Feb.

16. On Dec. 29, 2014, the TSA notified the unterschied zwischen relevant airline companies and other parties that it would update its security program for essay questions of thunder freighter planes that depart from or arrive in the U.S. or pass through the country, by Feb. 16. In response to the fact that the notice period for the airlines was during the year-end holidays and the preparation time allowed was extremely short, the International Air Cargo Association (TIACA) made a declaration in the middle of January arguing that the notice was unrealistic. The new rules will apply to freighters operating in U.S. airspace or airports. In an unterschied, environment of dissertation, crowded airspace for planes bound for the U.S., the time period coincides with last minute rush before the lunar new year holiday (Feb. 18 to 24) in the Chinese-speaking world, and so appears . Hankyu Hanshin Holdings Builds a Warehouse in Indonesia. Hankyu Hanshin Holdings announced Feb.

9 that it will build a distribution warehouse in Indonesia. Hankyu Hanshin Logistics (Indonesia), which was jointly established by three companies in the group - Hankyu Hanshin Express, Hankyu Corporation and Hanshin Electric Railway, operates the warehouse as its owner. It will be located in unterschied zwischen, MM2100 Industrial Town in a suburb of Jakarta, Indonesia. Construction will begin in gre essay, March and completion is scheduled to be in December. This is the first . Murakami named president of K Line. Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K Line) announced on unterschied zwischen Jan. 30 that President Jiro Asakura will resign to become representative director and gre essay chairman, handing over the presidency to Vice President Eizo Murakami on April 1. Unterschied Zwischen Promotion! Asakura told a press conference at the company's Tokyo head office, We have all but achieved our goal set in the midterm management plan (to be wound up at end of fiscal 2014), adding that he decided to ask Murakami to essay questions on roll of thunder, take the helm upon unterschied promotion the launch of a new midterm management plan in April. Murakami defined continued improvement of the company's financial base and online resume pursuit of stable profitability as the themes he will initially address.

I will follow up what President Asakura has done and work to unterschied zwischen dissertation, build a solid business foundation, he said. Applicant! . Skymark Airlines Files for Bankruptcy. On Jan. 28, Skymark Airlines filed for civil rehabilitation proceedings in Tokyo District Court. Because of an increase in promotion, the burden of paying its dollar-denominated leases due to the rapid depreciation of the gre essay template yen, intensified competition with low cost carriers and negotiations with Airbus S.A.S on the purchase price of Airbus A380 aircraft, it was feared that the unterschied zwischen company's financial situation would worsen further. Skymark gave up plans for gre essay template self-resuscitation and it was delisted from the stock market on March 1. Its total debt comes to some . Evergreen to deploy 11 mega-boxships to Europe svc. Evergreen Line will deploy 11 ultra-large containerships in zwischen promotion, which each boasts a hauling capacity of 18,000 TEUs or more on the Asia-Europe route in 2018, according to newspapers and questions of thunder other overseas media. To this end, the Taiwanese shipping operator will charter 11 18,000-TEU ships on a long-term contract with Shoei Kisen Kaisha of dissertation, Japan, which places newbuilding order to compatriot Imabari Shipbuilding. Msc Health Dissertation! Currently, Evergreen operates 10 14,000-TEU boxships on the Asia-Europe route, all of dissertation promotion, which are also on long-term charter contracts, and in entry essays, January last year, it placed an unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, order for another 10.

With the deployment of the 11 mega-containerships, it will further enhance its cost competitiveness and service network. When the newbuildings are all assigned in service, Evergreen will likely come back . European Commission to revise AMS 24-hour Rule in resume helper, May 2016. The European Commission recently revealed that its 24-hour advance manifest system (AMS) rule, which has been in use since July 2011, will be revised. In the new policy, starting from May 2016, submission of information will become mandatory for NVOCCs. Unterschied Dissertation Promotion! Currently, advance declaration of cargo information is required for only ocean shipping companies, however, more and more countries and regions have started to require a report from NVOCCs, including such countries as the United States, Canada and Japan. Autocad Resume! Japan introduced the unterschied pre-departure filing system in 2014. The WSC (World Shipping Council), an organization of shipping operators, expressed its support, saying It was a clear problem that NVOCCs were not included in the reporting system. Full-scale operation of the pre-loading cargo information reporting system (the European version of the autocad resume 24-hour Rule), including penalties, began In July, 2011 in Europe. The European version of the 24-hour Rule . Mitsubishi Logistics to purchase warehouses in the U.S. Unterschied Promotion! West worth a little more than Y3 billion.

Mitsubishi Logistics aims to purchase a warehouse facility in Torrance, California, in February 2015. College! The purchase price will be a little more than Y3 billion. Unterschied Zwischen! The company will operate the facility under the control of its subsidiary Mitsubishi Logistics America (headquartered in New York). The facility has a lot area of 27,882 sqm and total floor space of 13,197 sqm. As a distribution center for imported cargo, it will handle delivery throughout the online U.S.

The company plans to expand its transport business in the U.S., with the facility as a base of unterschied, operations. Mitsubishi Logistics runs its U.S. business through two corporations, Mitsubishi Logistics America and Mitsubishi Warehouse California. . MOL puts provisional orders for 20,000-TEU ships. The specifics of Mitsui OSK Lines' (MOL) containership construction project for ultra-large 20,000-TEU units it plans to order are now mostly finalized. MOL intends to deploy a total of promotion, six ships on the Asia-Europe route between the second and fourth quarters of 2017. Of these units, MOL recently decided provisionally to unterschied promotion, construct two units at Japan's Imabari Shipbuilding and the remaining four at essay, South Korea's Samsung Heavy Industries. The two ships to dissertation, be built by autocad resume, Imabari will be long-term chartered from group company Shoei Kisen Kaisha. As for the four ships to zwischen dissertation promotion, be ordered from Samsung, MOL initially planned to charter them from Greek-affiliated U.S. owner Costamare, but the U.S. firm was dropped in the final phase of template, deliberations. MOL will continue to seek ways to procure the ships . Kobe city to sell management rights of Kobe Airport. As of January 22, it was discovered that Kobe city finalized the unterschied zwischen policy to sell the management rights of entry, Kobe Airport (concessions), and unterschied zwischen dissertation will enter into full-fledged preparatory work from the next fiscal year.

The airport is a local management Airport, which opened in February 2006. Msc Health Dissertation! Utilization of the unterschied dissertation airport has been little progress due partly to the limited landing slots at 30. According to an investment institution source, the city gave up the development of voluntary management and expects airport development from the private sector through concessions. Although there are three airports in the Kansai area, a concession selectee will be involved in entry essays, the management of Kansai International Airport and Osaka International Airport (Itami airport) integrally, and without Kobe airport. The new system will start around next January, with those two airports first. Thus, Kobe city also hopes to start a concession system as soon as possible; thus, they are paying attention to the concession system in unterschied, the other two . Turkish Airlines to start using new warehouse. Turkish Airlines (THY) started running a new cargo terminal on applicant January 1 in Istanbul. The transition of cargo operations from the old cargo terminal is expected to be fully completed within a few weeks at zwischen promotion, the earliest. The annual cargo handling capacity at the new terminal is about 1.2 million tons.

Dedicated areas for various special cargo handling and resume storage were designed, including temperature-controlled storage, animals, hazardous materials, valuables, radioactive substances and fragile cargo. Temperature-controlled cabinets correspond to promotion, four temperature zones: minus 21 degrees, 0 degrees, 2-8 degrees and 15-25 degrees. . ICAO, WCO confirm effectiveness of 7 + 1 information. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the World Customs Organization (WCO) are examining the embodiment of the SAFE (Security and autocad resume Facilitation in a Global Environment = WCO Standard Framework to unterschied promotion, ensure the safety and facilitation of international trade) Standard plan, known as the 7 + 1, regarding the prior information on template air cargo load safety. There was a working group meeting held in unterschied, Geneva, Switzerland in autocad resume, early December last year and examined Phase 1 activities, which were centered on the Pilot Project. Zwischen Promotion! The results confirmed the effectiveness of air cargo risk management, focusing on previously submitted 7 + 1 information. This was a major step toward the autocad resume adoption of the 7 + 1 plan by the WCO Brussels General Assembly in unterschied zwischen dissertation, June this year. The WCO will carry forward with . IACT top winner of HACTL competition. The 2015 Forklift Palletize Tournament, sponsored by Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminals Limited (HACTL) was held on January 13 in HACTL in gre essay template, Hong Kong International Airport. The IACT (International Air Cargo Terminal Co., Ltd.) team from zwischen dissertation, Japan won the palletizing contest and online also won the overall competition, which included 13 participating teams. The runner-up in the overall competition was Air China Cargo (CAO), in third place was Finnair (FIN), in fourth place was IAG cargo. In the palletizing competition, the IACT team won the zwischen dissertation promotion first place, the runner-up . Targeting completion of Fukuoka Airport runway expansion in FY2024.

The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) plans to promote a project for expansion of Fukuoka Airport's runway. They are launching the project in essays, FY2015 and have set FY2024 as the zwischen dissertation target for completion. Y500 million (including Y400 million from the government) was allocated for the project in the budget for FY2015. However, the funding scheme has yet to be firmly established. An MLIT official said, We plan to ensure proper financial resources by promoting airport management reforms in Fukuoka Airport (including concession methods). MLIT is online resume helper planning to continue an unterschied zwischen dissertation, investigation on specific institutional designs, the project schedule, and college applicant how to secure financial resources through concessions. The runway expansion project for unterschied zwischen dissertation Fukuoka Airport is to develop a 2,500-meter parallel runway, located 210 meters away from the west side of the current runway (which is college essay 2,800 meters). The number of arrivals and departures in Fukuoka Airport is the largest among airports with only one runway. The new runway is unterschied dissertation being built to . American Airlines/Hawaiian Airlines respectively applied for route permissions between Haneda-LA and Haneda-Kona. Hoping to access redistribution of the autocad resume airport slot for unterschied dissertation daily operation (one each for outward and college essays inward flight) for the Haneda-Seattle line of which the service by Delta Airlines (DAL) is currently suspended, American Airlines (AAL) and Hawaiian Airlines (HAL) respectively applied to the U.S.

Department of Transportation (DOT) in order to launch Haneda-Los Angeles and Haneda-Kona services. Last month, DOT decided to conduct a review on public interests following the suspension of DAL's Haneda-Seattle service. AAL insisted on the public nature and legitimacy of opening the new Haneda service, referring to its eighty-year history of its Los Angeles-based services and its operation of around 200 flights per day to/from Los Angeles Airport, saying that the market scale of the Los Angeles-Tokyo service is around five times as large as that of the unterschied Seattle-Tokyo service. It is planning to operate B777-200 for the scheduled Haneda-Los Angeles service. Entry Essays! . Japan Post Group listing three company's stocks at the same time within the year. On December 26, Japan Post Group announced its plan to sell and list the stocks of the three companies: Japan Post, Japan Post Bank, and Japan Post Insurance at the same time. Zwischen Promotion! The time of the listing will be later than the middle of the next fiscal year. Around June of this year, they will apply for dissertation listing to the Tokyo Stock Exchange. After a two to unterschied promotion, three month admission process, it is expected to be listed around December.

At first, the two finance companies (Japan Post Bank and Japan Post Insurance) are going to gradually sell stocks until their Japan Post's possession ratio will be about 50%. Ten years have passed with twists and turns since the Postal Service Privatization Act was approved in October, 2005 (enacted in online helper, October, 2007), now they will represent a major milestone. Unterschied Dissertation Promotion! . Kansai International / Itami concession. 20 Companies pass the Participation Requirements Screening. Nine companies as representative business operators and 11 companies as business operators with airport operation capability, for autocad resume a total of 20 companies, applied and passed the Participation Requirements Screening by the New Kansai International Airport Co., Ltd. regarding the setting and consignment of operating rights (concession) at Kansai International Airport and Itami Airport to the private sector. Japanese companies including trade firms and real estate companies applied as representative business operators, and overseas airport operations companies applied as candidates for airport operations, and passed the review. Next, these candidates will undergo various procedures, such as a First Screening, competitive dialogue, and a Second Screening, and unterschied promotion the Preferred Negotiation Right Holder will be selected around June this year. After execution of the Project Agreement around September, the project is scheduled to commence around January next year. . Naito to assume NYK's presidency on April 1. Nippon Yusen Kaisha announced on Dec. Questions On Roll Hear! 25 that President Yasumi Kudo will become chairman and corporate officer as of April 1, 2015 and Executive Vice President Tadaaki Naito will be promoted to assume the promotion presidency. Chairman Koji Miyahara will become a director and board counselor, it said.

Naito told a press conference, As commoditization progresses in logistics service business, we cannot survive by simply relying on our brand that has been brought by our history of 130 years. Essay! We must differentiate our services and have them evaluated by dissertation promotion, our customers. I will push ahead with promotion of ingenuity and helper improvement across the board, including our administration division. He added he will take over his predecessor's differentiation strategy and carry forward the targets and zwischen promotion business strategies defined in his firm's new midterm management plan launched in autocad resume, 2014. . Mitsui-Soko acquires Sony's logistics subsidiary. Mitsui-Soko Holdings announced on Dec. 22 that it has entered into an agreement with Sony Corporation toward the acquisition of 66% of the shares in Sony Supply Chain Solution (SSCS-J) for unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion Y18 billion. Sony will split its Internal Procurement Office (IPO, which procures and supplies parts and materials to dissertation, its international bases) and Customer Service Operation (CSO, which plans the flow of repair parts) into separate entities within the Sony Group, and unterschied zwischen dissertation then designate SSCS-J as a dedicated logistics unit. Further, Sony's logistics bases in Japan, Thailand and Malaysia will be integrated with SSCS-J, turning them into joint-venture (JV) businesses with Mitsui-Soko (with Mitsui-Soko holding a 66% stake and Sony 34%). The shares are slated to be transferred by April next year, subject to the necessary approvals from the relevant authorities. Gre Essay! . Denso to consolidate trilateral marine transport to Japan, Singapore, China in FY2015. Denso Corp. Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! (headquartered in Kariya, Aichi Pref.) will consolidate its trilateral transport jobs into the three regions of Japan, Singapore and China in the selection (through a tender) of questions on roll hear, operators that will be commissioned to take care of its marine transport requirements when it renews its service contracts in April next year. It used to hold tenders in zwischen, Europe and U.S. regions, too, but by college, shifting to unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, the three regions where it has large shipment volumes, the company aims to reduce its logistics costs and reinforce its management system.

In line with its drive to develop its business interests in college applicant essay, emerging nations, the company intends to introduce logistics solutions that it has cultivated in Japan such as the opening of integrated warehouses. It will study Indonesia, India and Mexico as potential sites for such facilities. As regards the air transport . Shentong Express opens Japanese office. The businesses of major express transport providers in China have been expanding against the backdrop of the unterschied zwischen dissertation country's growing e-commerce market. The Shanghai-based Shentong Express (STO) held a ceremony at The Naha Terrace Adan in Naha City on Dec. Msc Health Promotion! 17 to commemorate the establishment of its Japanese subsidiary Shentong Express Japan (led by zwischen dissertation promotion, its president, Xue Ligong). On the other hand, China's largest express company SF Express (headquartered in Shenzhen) has received its 16th company-owned cargo airplane and questions hear my cry is slated to take in the turnover of unterschied dissertation, its first medium-size cargo plane B767-300 in the second quarter of next year. Meanwhile, YTO Express has obtained the necessary approvals for autocad resume the establishment of a cargo airline in Hangzhou. Amid the growing market, how Japanese-affiliated logistics providers will collaborate with major Japanese express companies will gain a lot of attention from the concerned sectors in the industry. . NYK to participate in new CT operation in Jakarta. Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK) will take part in the management of dissertation promotion, a New Priok Container Terminal One (NPCT1) currently under construction off Tanjung Priok Port, North Jakarta, Indonesia. NPCT1 is online one of unterschied zwischen, three CTs in Phase 1 of the New Priok Port (Kalibaru North Port) Development Project to be carried out in three stages on a man-made island offshore north of Tanjung Priok Port.

The new CT will have a water depth of 16 meters and two berths with a total pier length of gre essay template, 850 meters and eight gantry cranes. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! It will be capable of accommodating a containership of up to 18,000 TEUs with a yearly box processing capacity . ANA Cargo to deploy 12th cargo plane to market in gre essay template, FY2016. Akira Okada, president of ANA Cargo Inc. and executive director of the Cargo Marketing Services at All Nippon Airways (ANA), was recently interviewed by Kaiji Press (KP), where he reviewed the first half (April-September 2014) of fiscal 2014 and discussed the company's future business policies. With regard to ANA Cargo's company-owned cargo airplanes (B767-300F), it has decided to officially introduce the 11th and 12th aircrafts to the market, with Okada disclosing that the dissertation promotion 11th aircraft will be released to online, the market under its winter schedule for 2015, while the 12th unit will be launched to the market in fiscal 2016. Zwischen! As for the company's network in the future, ANA Cargo has been engaged in such steps as the enlargement of its aircrafts that fly between Japan and Southeast Asia . MOL mulls building over 20,000-TEU-ships. Persistent moves to enlarge containerships among shipowners/operators are on the threshold of entering an age of 20,000 TEU-plus at long last. Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) is currently in the final stages of negotiations with parties concerned for the construction of six super-large containerships with a nominal capacity of 20,000 TEUs or over. MOL is expected to my cry, come to a final conclusion on the fleet consolidation project as early as at the turn of 2015.

Since last year, boxships with capacities of over 18,000-TEUs have been in operation, but MOL's project will give birth to promotion, even larger boxships when finalized. . Maersk to halt Japan-NA West Coast service in Jan. Maersk Line will halt its TP5 service connecting Japan directly to the U.S. West Coast in January 2015. Gre Essay Template! Of Hakata, Nagoya and Yokohama ports it now serves in the loop, Maersk will switch U.S. West Coast-bound cargo from Hakata and Nagoya to unterschied zwischen, via-Pusan transshipment, while it will handle cargo to/from Yokohama by chartering space from CC3 service on the Asia/Japan-North America route offered by promotion, APL Ltd. On North America routes in 2014, two direct East Coast-bound services stopped calling at promotion, Japan ports. However, in West Coast-bound services, this will be the first time that Japan ports will be dropped from the service rotation. Amid Japanese operators exerting efforts to . Federal Express welcomes new president for APAC region.

Federal Express (FedEx) announced on autocad resume November 13 that Karen Reddington (top picture), who is zwischen currently the vice president of FedEx Express for the South Pacific region, will assume the role of president of FedEx Express, Asia Pacific (APAC) starting January 1, 2015. David Cunningham, Jr., who is currently the president of FedEx Express, APAC, will take the post of chief operating officer (COO) at entry, the FedEx headquarters. Further, it was disclosed that Kevin O'Hearn (bottom picture) would take up the role of vice president of FedEx Express, APAC starting December 2014. Reddington, who will become the president of FedEx Express, APAC, joined the company in 1997 as an operations research advisor in Hong Kong. She took up the role of vice president of the said unit in 2011. Unterschied Dissertation! Under her . AirBridgeCargo targeting world's largest transport volume by 2030.

AirBridgeCargo Airlines (ABW) aims to enter the world's Top 3 in terms of helper, transport volume by 2020, and zwischen dissertation then secure the autocad resume No.1 spot by 2030. According to the company, the figures compiled by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) on the trade results for 2013 showed that ABW ranked No.15 worldwide in unterschied dissertation promotion, terms of transport volume on a ton-mile basis and No.12 in terms of sales. Essay On Roll Of Thunder My Cry! Now it aims to boost its share in dissertation promotion, the global market to 13% in 2030, from the 2.7% in 2014. ABW's targets were unveiled at the presentation of its business condition at the AirBridgeCargo Airlines 10th Anniversary Celebration and Round-Table Japan that was held by the Volga-Dnepr Group in Tokyo on November 13. The company is currently advancing the innovation of the aircrafts it owns and promotion dissertation the reinforcement of its transport network to all over the world, including the Japan segment. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation! With regard to cargoes originating from Japan, it has also kicked off trials to further shorten the transit time in the trade. . TIACT to establish profit structure for online resume full-year ordinary profits.

Tatsuo Kita, president of Tokyo International Air Cargo Terminal, Ltd. (TIACT), was recently interviewed by Daily Cargo, where he looked back on the company's business results for the first half of unterschied dissertation, fiscal 2014 and talked about future endeavors. Online Resume! In addition to independent efforts toward the unterschied dissertation promotion improvement of its management/sales, TIACT also has the msc health support and understanding of unterschied promotion, its subcontractors and essay companies in the industry, thereby helping it to generate profits in the operating gain/loss segment in fiscal 2013 that ended in March 2014. Fiscal 2013 marked the unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion first time since the company was founded that it posted operating surpluses. It also enjoyed surpluses in its business results for essay on roll of thunder my cry the first half (April-September) of fiscal 2014 ending March 2015, with Kita disclosing that they plan to establish a solid profit structure, saying that, We are targeting profits in the ordinary gain/loss segment for . Nippon Cargo Airlines reinforcing calls for rate restoration. In an interview with Daily Cargo recently, Fukashi Sakamoto, president of Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA), looked back on the company's business results in the first half of fiscal 2014 and talked about its future undertakings. Against the backdrop of the increasing trend in cargo traffic, NCA successfully posted surpluses last September for the first time since November 2013 in zwischen promotion, terms of monthly results. Autocad Resume! However, it still projects Y7.3 billion in current-account deficit for the entirety of 2014. Sakamoto acknowledged that, Though we have reverted to the black in our monthly results, we almost didn't make it if not for the various measures we took. The restoration of unterschied dissertation, rates is still not enough.

If we do not execute it, we would be unable to college entry essays, secure sustainability. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! Rate restoration (RR) also leads to securing space for ex-Japan cargoes. Meanwhile, the company is expanding the list of airports . Nittsu to boost shipper efficiency through transport process visualization. Nippon Express Co. (Nittsu) will promote the entry essays visualization of the transport processes in Asia and other regions toward the unterschied zwischen promotion enhancement of msc health promotion, logistics efficiency and development of functions of shippers. At the press briefing held by the company last November 10 at its International Business Headquarters concerning its business results in the first half of fiscal 2014, Jiro Nakamura, its vice president, claimed that, With Asia, in particular, the transport processes to the ports/airports from the factories of suppliers have become a black box. Making this visible will lead to the enhancement of the logistics efficiency of shippers such as the reduction in promotion, emergency air transport. He added that, Ultimately, we want to offer a service that also incorporates the clearing/settlement function. The company will proactively sell this function to companies in online, Europe/U.S. and Japan that have decision-making power in the area of logistics toward the promotion expansion of its overseas sales. It plans to put up a process management . Tanita reducing environmental load in msc health promotion dissertation, export/import logistics.

Tanita Corp. (headquartered in Maeno, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo; headed by its president, Chisato Tanida) will promote the reduction of environmental burden in the field of zwischen dissertation, export/import logistics through such means as the expansion of the round use of marine containers. The company has thus far been promoting the utilization of railways and gre essay template round use of containers when importing goods for its factory in Akita. Further, it switched a portion of the dissertation transport of imported parts for its Niigata hub warehouse to railways starting the end of last year. Amid such social problems as the shortage in drivers, the company will cut down domestic truck transport and push for rationalization in the logistics segment. Tanita produces health measurement devices and other equipment at its domestic factory in Daisen city in Akita Pref. and at its overseas plant in Dongguan city . Qatari government acquires majority shares in promotion, UASC. The government of Qatar disclosed in an official gazette that was published in the U.S. on July 24 (U.S. time) that it has acquired a 51.27% share in dissertation, the Middle Eastern operator United Arab Shipping Co. (UASC), catapulting itself into becoming the biggest shareholder in essay questions, the company with shares that exceed 50% of the total shares. Dissertation Promotion! With this, UASC will now be classified as a controlled carrier (state-run operator) pursuant to the U.S. Shipping Act of 1984, thereby making the company subject to special regulations as the gre essay notification of freight rate tariffs. However, UASC has been asking the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) of the U.S. to ease the regulations enforced on unterschied zwischen promotion state-run shipping companies. In light of the demand from UASC, the FMC is now seeking opinions from the relevant sectors until early August in line with its plan to make a decision about the matter based on the comments that will be gathered. . Airbus, Skymark cancel contract on six A380s. Airbus disclosed on July 29 that it has notified Skymark Airlines (SKY) that it has terminated the sale/purchase agreement (SPA) for six Airbus A380 aircrafts that was concluded between them in February 2011.

Citing its deteriorating business performance in recent years resulting from the state of low yen in the market and the severe business environment caused by the intensifying competition, and claiming that, We have to change our initial plans, SKY has been engaged in much consultation with Airbus on the review of their SPA since April this year. Japan Airlines (JAL) has begun computerizing its Master Airway Bills (MAWB), starting with the cargoes entrusted by helper, Nippon Express Co. (Nittsu) for the first flight under the new system - the JL711 (departs Narita at 6:10PM, arrives in Singapore at 12:30AM the zwischen dissertation promotion next day) on July 28. On Roll Of Thunder My Cry! After the flight from Narita International Airport (NRT) to unterschied dissertation, Singapore Changi Airport (SIN), JAL will expand the msc health promotion covered routes where the electronic Airway Bills (eAWB) are enforced. Dissertation! The above flight represents the first time that JAL has fully implemented the use of eAWBs. Toshihiro Shimizu, manager of the international freight and mail route marketing group under JAL's Cargo Mail division, expressed his sense of expectation about the new system, saying that, With the launch of this program with Nittsu, we hope to add an impetus to the shift toward the eAWB in the air cargo industry. . Kansai/Osaka Airport concession to kick off in FY2015. The New Kansai International Airport Co. (NKIAC) on July 25 unveiled its plan to implement a concession for applicant essay the right to operate public facilities at the Kansai International Airport and Osaka International Airport (Itami Airport). Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! The preferred negotiation right holder for the project that has entered into a basic agreement with NKIAC will be obligated to put up a special-purpose company (SPC) that will be tasked to promotion, undertake operation at unterschied zwischen promotion, both airports (special airport operation project). The SPC will become the operating right holder in resume, accordance with the concession, giving it the right to operate the runways, taxiways, aprons, parking lots, passenger facilities, . Mandatory weighing of containers must be realistic, aid smooth cargo operations: IAPH's Pres.

Gilfillan. Grant Gilfillan, president of the International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH), recently talked to Kaiji Press (KP) about the proposal to unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, require the inspection of container weight prior to ship loading which is projected to be officially adopted in fall this year. What is online resume helper important is how we can prepare practically acceptable options in unterschied, order to prevent the rule from interfering with the smooth cargo handling operations, he said. Template! From the perspective of ensuring not only safety in cargo operations inside ports, but also safety on unterschied zwischen a total scale including inland transport, Gilfillan pointed out that the place of measurement/weighing should also be the resume place where vanning is done . MOL gearing toward return to profitability in containership biz. Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) is promoting the enlargement of the ships in its fleet and the reinforcement of its stable profit segments such as the terminal and logistics divisions in a bid to unterschied dissertation, return to profitability in the containership business as soon as possible. With regard to fleet consolidation, the company will arrange for five 14,000-TEU ships that it plans to deploy to charter contracts starting fiscal 2014, and start employing 10,000-TEU vessels in the latter half of the year. By deploying large-size ships and reviewing its trade route operation system, MOL projects approximately Y20 billion in savings in terms of template, annual costs.

Toshiya Konishi, managing executive . South Korean major conglomerate Hyundai Group, which is unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion pillared on Hyundai Merchant Marine (HMM), will sell its entire 88% stake in Hyundai Logistics Co. to online helper, the special-purpose company (SPC) that will be established by unterschied zwischen, Orix and HMM, according to applicant essay, an announcement made by dissertation, Orix on July 17. To be purchased for approximately 600 billion won (around Y60 billion), the shares are expected to be acquired by the SPC in/after late August this year. HMM is the college largest shareholder of Hyundai Logistics, holding around 46.8% of the zwischen dissertation promotion issued shares of the latter. According to the notification it sent to the Korea Stock Exchange (KSE), HMM will sell its shares in Hyundai Logistics for approximately 322 billion won. Shares of the SPC will be acquired for 109.4 billion won.

After the deductions from the series of transactions, Hyundai envisions that it will be able to college entry essays, secure funds amounting to a little more than 200 . In light of the problem concerning the inability to resolve the unterschied zwischen issues about the 6% value-added tax (VAT) on international transport services in autocad resume, China, the zwischen country's State Administration of Taxation (SAT) recently released a bulletin stating that the scope of the exemptions for international cargo transport agency services will be expanded to indirect deals with international transport providers (carriers). To take effect on September 1, the new ruling apparently aims to provide exemptions to the transactions between carriers and primary agents of template, cargoes who directly deal with carriers and secondary agents who have no direct contracts with such carriers. Skirting the VAT has thus far been done mainly through the deduction of deemed costs and the application of zero tax rates. Without application bylaws, however, the interpretation of the regulations differ at each tax office, leading to . Maersk Line, MSC form 2M in East-West route. Maersk Line and the Mediterranean Shipping Co. (MSC) announced on July 10 that they have entered into a 10-year Vessel Sharing Agreement (VSA) in the East-West trunk routes. To go under the name 2M, the new system will have an operational fleet of about 2.1 million TEUs over a total of 21 services loops in the Asia-North America and Asia-Europe/Atlantic trade routes. While this partnership will serve as the alternative plan to unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, the P3 Network that was aborted after it was not allowed by the Chinese authorities, it will have a smaller scale because CMA-CGM will not be joining the group. Template! Further, the joint operation center that was due to be established under the P3 will not be set up anymore as their partnership will just basically cover space exchange. The new alliance is unterschied promotion expected to commence in the first half of next year. . MLIT's subcommittee calling on spot upgrades at Haneda's old maintenance area. The interim report released by the Subcommittee on Tokyo Metropolitan Airports Functional Enhancement for Technical Review of Japan's Ministry of college applicant, Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) on July 8 cited the need to improve facilities in order to reinforce the functions of airports in the Tokyo metropolitan area. The Haneda Airport (HND), which is said to be able to expand its annual handling capacity by as much as 39,000 flights worth through measures that will turn this into reality by 2020, apparently requires aircraft spot upgrades and for zwischen promotion that end, the old maintenance area at the airport is the prime candidate.

As for the international terminal, the report pointed out that the main building needs to expand as it is suffering from a lack in facility scale if adjustments with related institutions are not made and the flights are not spread to the other time slots during peak operating hours. Meanwhile, Narita International Airport (NRT), which is said to essay of thunder my cry, be gearing toward realizing a handling capacity expansion of unterschied zwischen, about 40,000 more flights by 2020 . AirAsia teams up with Rakuten in return to gre essay template, Japanese market. AirAsia Bhd. has successfully made a comeback to the Japanese market. The company announced on promotion July 1 that it has established AirAsia Japan and plans to kick off flight services by summer next year. Under a so-called entrepreneurial group that is made up of investors such as Rakuten Inc., Noevir Holdings Co. and sports apparel distributor Alpen Co., AirAsia Japan aims to develop flights that will link Japan with Asia and the rest of the world. Its base airport in msc health dissertation, Japan is slated to be decided shortly, but Yoshinori Odagiri, AirAsia Japan's president, . IACT launches ramp/passenger handling biz. The International Air Cargo Terminal Co. (IACT) has established the new Ramp/Passenger Handling Business Unit through the realignment of its organization today, July 1. The new business unit debuted in the market as the result of the integration between the Narita office of zwischen dissertation promotion, its subsidiary Skyport Service (SPS - headquartered in Tokoname, Aichi Pref.) and the related business division of essay, IACT. It aims to promote the effective utilization of zwischen, management resources and further enhance service quality. With regard to the ramp handling service, despite the call for college entry the lowering of prices from the unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion market, fierce competition is still being waged at Narita International Airport (NRT) amid the limited pie as there are no new services and significant increases in flights from the major network carriers.

Under the gre essay new system, such service will be offered as an IACT brand service toward business expansion. . Kobe-Osaka Int'l Port Corp. to kick off operation with Y900 million capital/reserve. The Osaka Port Corp. and Kobe Port Terminal Corp. (KPTC) on June 30 disclosed the directors, capital and other aspects of the Kobe-Osaka International Port Corp., their integrated company. The new company will have eight executive officers at the onset of its operation, with those affiliated with Osaka and Kobe ports pegged at the same number. Unterschied Zwischen! It will have a capital of msc health promotion dissertation, Y450 million and reserve fund of zwischen dissertation promotion, Y450 million. The number of its employees is entry projected to reach a little less than 90 people, including the directors. Boeing, JADC, JAI ink deal on B777X development and production. Boeing, the dissertation Japan Aircraft Development Corp. (JADC) and college entry essays five Japan Aircraft Industries (JAI), which is a consortium made up of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI), Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI), Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), ShinMaywa Industries and Nippi Corp., have signed a memorandum of agreement (MOA) on June 12 concerning the key contract terms and conditions in relation to their participation in the project to develop and mass-produce the B777X aircraft. JAI will manufacture about 21% of the unterschied zwischen promotion major structural parts of the B777X planes. Contract signing . Air Incheon to launch first regular cargo flight in Narita-Incheon in autocad resume, April. The Incheon-based cargo carrier, Air Incheon (AIH) will venture into dissertation the operation of regular cargo flights in the Japan trade route. It will begin operating six flights (Monday-Saturday) between Narita and Incheon per essay questions on roll hear week beginning April 21 (pending government approval).

The plan on the services from early June and beyond is unterschied zwischen dissertation that three of the flights per week will be coursed through Kitakyushu, realizing regular cargo flights in questions on roll of thunder hear my cry, the Narita-Kitakyushu-Incheon route. This will then become the first regular cargo flight in unterschied promotion, that lane for AIH. It has also been preparing to launch regular chartered flights in autocad resume, the Incheon-Qingdao and Yantai routes, although it is still awaiting approval from the authorities. AIH began operating in March last year by offering regular . Casio restructures logistics system, boosts sales in India. Casio Computer Co. (headquarter in Shibuya, Tokyo and headed by its president, Kazuo Kashio) has restructured its sales and logistics system in zwischen dissertation promotion, India following its business expansion in online helper, the country. By opening a new warehouse in Chennai in June 2013 and changing the transport routes for South India-bound products, the company successfully shortened the lead time up to the point of sale of its goods. Unterschied! It also managed to slash its transport costs. Casio claims that its moves enabled the essay my cry company to shorten the lead time by six days from the zwischen promotion hitherto lead time and reduce its logistics costs by about Y20 million per annum . Samsung Electronics hauling mass semiconductor facility/equipment to autocad resume, new Xian factory. South Korea's Samsung Electronics Co. is unterschied zwischen dissertation now actively moving equipment to the semiconductor factory that it is now building in Xian city in China's Shaanxi province. Construction at the facility began in the middle of 2012 and according to multiple local related sources, equipment and machines have started to be transported prior to China's National Day in autocad resume, October last year. The volume of equipment initially moved to unterschied, the site was said to exceed 5,000 tons.

A local logistics-affiliated source explained that, The (Xian-bound) machines . TOTO to college, cut logis costs by Y2.2 billion, improve transport/delivery system. The Kitakyushu-based TOTO Ltd., a major manufacturer of sanitary ware, projects that its logistics costs in unterschied zwischen, fiscal 2013 will shrink by about Y2.2 billion compared to autocad resume, fiscal 2009 thanks to zwischen dissertation, the innovations it has been implementing in this segment in college entry, line with its long-term management plan. The significant reduction in logistics costs will be attributable to such factors as the reform in its domestic transport system to unterschied dissertation promotion, one in autocad resume, which the goods are delivered to the logistics center without going through the relay terminal, as has been done thus far, from the production factory . COMCO orders 11 airline companies to pay fines. The Swiss Competition Commission (COMCO), the antimonopoly agency of Switzerland, on January 10 ordered 11 airline companies to unterschied zwischen promotion, pay a fine totaling CHF 11 million for forming a price cartel on airfreight transport charges, fuel surcharges, U.S. customs clearance charges and other fees in violation of the antimonopoly law. NYK, K Line receive advanced notice on violation of Antimonopoly Act from JFTC. Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK) and Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K Line) announced on msc health January 9 that they have received an unterschied promotion, advanced notice of online resume helper, reprimand from the Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC) for their suspected violation of the Antimonopoly Act of Japan in relation to the marine transport of automobiles. Dissertation Promotion! According to a source affiliated with the JFTC and some reports, about five companies, including NYK and K Line and foreign operators, have received the advanced notice which is believed to be asking them to pay a total fine of around Y22 billion. MLIT appoints Tokyo, Kawasaki as dedicated companies for Japan's five strategic container ports. The Ministry of online helper, Land, Infrastructure, Transport Tourism (MLIT) has appointed Tokyo Port Terminal Co. (TPTC, with capital of Y16,855 million, headed by its president, Yuji Hirano) and Kawasaki Rinko Soko Futo Co. (with capital of Y100 million, headed by its chairman, Kozo Nagano) as special port operating companies under the Ports and Harbors Act of unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, Japan. The decision to designate the two companies came after examination of their application for appointment in September last year. Msc Health! Akihiro Ota, minister of the MLIT, gave the certificate of designation to Hirano and unterschied zwischen dissertation Nagano at his office.

With this, the five port companies at the Keihin (Tokyo, Kawasaki and autocad resume Yokohama) and Hanshin (Kobe and Osaka) regions selected as strategic international container ports will be transformed into special port operating companies that can enjoy enhanced interest-free loans and . Nittsu to expand market of door-to-door services. Nippon Express Co. (Nittsu) will embark on the full-fledged reinforcement and market expansion of unterschied zwischen promotion, its door-to-door multimodal transport services. The company kicked off and began marketing the applicant essay NEX SKY-EX as a new brand under its international door-to-door multimodal transport service segment in January this year. The company aims to provide its customers with low-cost and high-quality services by capitalizing on the flexibility of its forwarding prowess that was cultivated through years of experience and consolidating its network of about 300 bases in Japan and around 460 offices overseas. Through the creation of brands and commercialization of its international door-to-door multimodal transport services corresponding to unterschied zwischen promotion, the needs of each shipper, Nittsu will build a system that provides transparent charges and lead times . MLIT to allow temporary utilization of unused slots at Haneda by chartered flights. The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) intends to enable the operation international chartered flights on the unused slots at the Haneda Airport that might be created in case of gre essay, failure to finish negotiations with airline carriers in relation to the 30,000-slot (40 flights per day, or 80 times) annual increase in the number of slots that can be utilized for the departure and arrival of international flights in the daytime during the 2014 summer schedule (from March 31) of the airport. To serve as a provisional measure in unterschied dissertation, the summer schedule for 2014 at the airport, the departure/arrival slots (currently standing at nine flights, 18 times a day) that have yet to be allocated will serve as the maximum volume of slots that will be given to such flights. Template! In principle, this will enable the use of the slots for inclusive . Swiss WorldCargo keeps continuous growth with high-value-added goods.

In the unterschied past several years, as for the air cargo industry, oversupply becomes chronic, and the carrier is taking pains over the fall of a yield. College Entry Essays! The shift in other transportation modes aiming at cost reduction also continues, and the competitive setting of the career is increasing severity. Swiss international Air Lines (SwissWorld Cargo) is concentrating on high-value-added goods, and aims at continuous growth. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation! The company's share of the sales by applicant essay, special cargo is large, and while a market condition falls, it is continuing growth this year also. Zwischen! Providing high special service, it tows market. Daily Cargo heard analysis of change of a marketing strategy and college a market from the unterschied company's top of SwissWorld Cargo, Mr. Essays! Oliver Evans. . G6 Alliance to boost partnerships in N. America West Coast/Atlantic trade. The G6 Alliance, comprising APL Ltd., Hapag-Lloyd, Hyundai Merchant Marine (HMM), Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL), Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK) and promotion Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL) will kick off partnerships in the North America West Coast and entry Atlantic trade routes starting the second quarter of 2014.

The Group has already fostered partnerships in North Europe, the Mediterranean region and the North America East Coast lane, so the unterschied new move will give them team-ups in all major routes in the East-West trades. With this, the total number of msc health promotion, ships deployed by unterschied zwischen, the G6 members in all trade routes will reach 240 units and by expanding the scope of online resume, their partnerships, they aim to rationalize their services by building the optimum distribution of unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, their flexible fleets, as well as boost cost competitiveness through ship enlargement. Meanwhile . NCA set to join Multilateral e-AWB Agreement. Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA) announced recently that it will join the Multilateral e-AWB Agreement, representing the first Japanese airline company to make such move. It disclosed that its two domestic bases (Narita and Kansai) and questions on roll hear my cry two overseas bases (Singapore and Amsterdam) have expressed their intention to join to the International Air Transport Association (IATA) effective December 29. In line with its drive to promote the unterschied zwischen dissertation shift to electronic data interchange (EDI), NCA aims to boost the essay questions of thunder hear service routes that will introduce the e-AWB toward enhanced air transport services and better quality. Foreign capital-funded airlines and dissertation forwarders have gone ahead of their Japanese counterparts in taking part in the Multilateral e-AWB Agreement. Now with NCA's disclosure of its participation in the latter, it is expected that other Japanese-affiliated airline companies . JIFFA's multimodal throughput hits record-high in 1H FY2013.

According to the figures compiled by the Japan International Freight Forwarders Association (JIFFA), the international multimodal handlings of its member companies in the first half (April-September) of fiscal 2013 totaled 48,009,000 ton in terms of exports and imports combined, up by 2.2% from the same period a year earlier. With this, the JIFFA members renewed the gre essay template record-high throughput for any half-year period. Amid the softening economic growth in China and the ASEAN region, which has bolstered the global economy thus far, exports dipped by a slight 0.8% from a year earlier to 16,925,000 tons, representing the second consecutive period of decline. On the contrary, imports fared better, breaking the 30 million-ton barrier . Sony moves international bidding group to China. Sony Corp. has transferred the promotion headquarters of the Global Shipping Strategy (GSS) unit, which conducts global tenders for cargo transport worldwide, to China's Shanghai City from Tokyo. International bidding has been done at the Sony Supply Chain Solutions (China), the college essay wholly-owned subsidiary of zwischen dissertation promotion, Sony (China) which handles Sony's local logistics and essay trading functions, since fiscal 2012. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! The entire Sony Group currently moves about college entry essays, 92,500 tons of air cargoes and 75,000 FEUs of marine cargoes, but China's presence in its shipments is rather big. Shipments to/from China possess a significant weight, while Shanghai is home to people knowledgeable about logistics and is near to our production bases.

We will decide on the pricing (of transport) and make the necessary adjustments with global traders/suppliers here (in Shanghai) toward the enhancement . Mitsubishi Motors considering TSR for Russia-bound CKD kits: VP Harunari. Hiroshi Harunari, executive vice-president of Mitsubishi Motors Corp., talked about the current state and future outlook of the company's production/logistics systems in zwischen dissertation, Russia at the country's Kaluga Presentation that was held in the city on autocad resume November 18. Mitsubishi Motors currently manufactures two vehicles, including an SUV, through PCMA Rus, the assembly plant that it jointly owns with PSA Peugeot Citroen. CKD (complete knockdown) kits are hauled by sea from Japan and Thailand. However, the company is considering using the unterschied zwischen Trans-Siberia Railway (TSR) in order to shorten the lead time, so it will also conduct trials going forward. Essay On Roll Hear! Meanwhile, it will engage in the promotion of the localized procurement of parts and materials not only to control the exchange rate fluctuation risks and the rise in costs, but also to continue enjoying tax exemptions . MOL to boost logistics biz scale by 1.5 folds in three years' time. Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) talked about its future growth strategies in the logistics business that it carries out through its liner division and affiliated companies at a press briefing that it held recently. The MOL Group has thus far offered unique and strong services in this field, building their strengths in each segment. In the future, however, the position of logistics as an area of growth will be further clarified and partnerships within the Group will be reinforced in a bid to expand business scale. At present, there are eight themes per region and industry, with collaborations fostered per project, centering on the liner division.

With this, MOL intends to boost sales in the logistics division to as high as Y150 billion three years from now, or in fiscal 2016, from the current level of unterschied, approximately . MLIT to discuss ideal state of use of official aircraft slots at Haneda. The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport Tourism (MLIT) will inject adjustments and deliberate on the ideal state of the utilization of the slots for autocad resume official airplanes and zwischen dissertation other aircrafts at online, the Haneda Airport. Against the backdrop of the reinforcement of the functions of airports in the capital sphere and the transfer of the flight inspection equipment base to the Chubu International Airport from Haneda Airport at the end of fiscal 2014, the unterschied dissertation ministry will discuss how the applicant essay slots for official planes and other aircrafts ought to be put to unterschied dissertation promotion, use. The transfer of the flight inspection equipment base is envisioned to bolster the flexibility of the use of the applicant official plane slots. With this, the promotion of the utilization of promotion, business jets, for instance . DHL Supply Chain opens new facility at Narita. DHL Supply Chain announced on November 7 that it has put up Japan Global Distribution Center (JGDC), its new global logistics base for the electronic part manufacturer ON Semiconductor Corp. College Applicant! (headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona), outside of Narita Airport. The company used to cope with ON Semiconductor's shipments in Japan through its facilities at Narita and Gunma Pref. The facilities at both bases had a combined area of about 280 sqm, but the JGDC is more than 10 times bigger than such bases at approximately 3,350 sqm. Dissertation! The new facility will be operated as a local hub for consolidating and distributing domestic and imported . New Kansai International Airport Co. acquires 67.7% stake in OAT. The New Kansai International Airport Co. (NKIAC) acquired approximately 67.7% of the issued shares of Osaka International Airport Terminal Co. (OAT) on October 31. Template! The company will continue to get hold of the remaining shares of the latter in stages going forward, expecting to secure all shares in OAT within this year at the earliest or within next fiscal year at the latest.

The shares were bought at the per-unit price of Y11,593, aggregating to about Y18.8 billion. NKIAC aims to boost the functions at the Kansai International Airport and Osaka International Airport (Itami) by integrating the unterschied zwischen promotion control and gre essay template operation of the airport and commercial businesses in zwischen, both facilities . MLIT submits basic transport bill to Diet. The basic bill on transport policies has been approved by the Cabinet and submitted to the Diet last November 1. The bill stipulates the fundamental principles related to transportation, including the reinforcement of the resume helper basic needs of citizens in relation to zwischen promotion, transportation, the realization and resume helper enhancement of transport functions, and the reduction of load to the environment caused by transportation. It also calls for the formation of an unterschied zwischen promotion, international marine transport network and an international air transport network, the reinforcement of the connection of nationwide domestic transport networks and the implementation of the necessary measures in order to boost the template comprehensive international competitiveness of dissertation promotion, Japan's industries and tourism . Liner divisions of Japan's Big 3 expect deficits in FY2013. Japan's three largest operators (Japan's Big 3, comprising Nippon Yusen Kaisha, Mitsui OSK Lines and Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha) project deficits in resume, their liner business for the entirety of fiscal 2013 ending March next year. They managed to keep their surplus forecasts as of August, but all three companies, except Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (K Line), failed to reach their projections and plunged to a deficit in the first half of the year, and are now expecting their business results in the second half of fiscal 2013 to unterschied zwischen, deteriorate by a much bigger scale than initially projected. The projected drop in msc health promotion dissertation, earnings is largely attributable to the wide-margin decline in freight rates in the Asia-Europe trade route. The cargo traffic has entered the low season in October and . Japan Post opens first overseas subsidiary in Shanghai. Japan Post Co., Ltd. on October 30 held the opening ceremony of JAPAN POST International Logistics Co., Ltd., its wholly-owned local subsidiary in Shanghai, China.

As Japan Post's first overseas local subsidiary, Japan Post International will offer a wide range of services, including international forwarding between Japan and China, customs clearance and domestic storage/distribution, as well as import and unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion export/clearance/insurance representation, test marketing and product PR planning. The new company will operate in partnership with the local . ANA Holdings to develop ANA Cargo, deepen relations with NCA, LCAG, Yamato. ANA Holdings on October 30 set the autocad resume direction of its targets under the zwischen dissertation ANA Group's business strategies for the next fiscal year. The said strategies are due to autocad resume, be turned into concrete plans by the end of January next year. In the cargo business, ANA Holdings will develop ANA Cargo, the cargo company that was put up in October, toward turning it into a core business alongside the passenger business. The company also aims to dissertation promotion, swing back to the black in terms of balance of promotion, payments early on by boosting its network and raising the operation rate of its machines. The strategies also incorporate the move to deepen relations with airline and logistics companies such as Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA), Lufthansa Cargo (LCAG) and Yamato Holdings. . Scoot's CEO talks about dissertation, early deployment of B787s into Japan route. Campbell Wilson, CEO of Scoot Pte Ltd. (SCO), a low-cost carrier (LCC) based in Singapore, held a press briefing in Tokyo last October 28 to talk about the company's business overview and plans. The conference was also held to commemorate the first anniversary of the Narita-Taipei-Singapore route on October 29. SCO is scheduled to take in a total of 20 B787 aircrafts between the autocad resume fourth quarter of next year until 2018 (comprising 10 units each of the Dash-8 and Dash-9 models), thereby becoming the zwischen dissertation first LCC to own B787 planes. In this . Brother Industries studying creation of logistics hub.

The Nagoya-based printer/complex machine manufacturing giant Brother Industries is stepping up the reinforcement of its international logistics system in conjunction with the gre essay expansion of its production scale and sales in emerging economies. It has put up new factories in Vietnam, the Philippines and other countries in Asia in a bid to decentralize its production bases, but it is boosting sales not only in Asia, but also in the emerging markets of the Middle East, Africa and South America. Amid the increasingly complex structure of international logistics, it has becoming a pressing matter for Brother to build a logistics system that possesses cost competitiveness and quality that can support the expansion of its businesses in the future. Katsuhiko Takeda, director and head of the logistics division . Canon to zwischen, reduce part/transport inventory. Canon Inc. will advance the reduction of its part inventory and transport inventory (in-transit products/arts) worldwide in autocad resume, a bid to realize the target of a major pillar in its logistics strategies - to zwischen, slash logistics costs and transport time.

The company has been modifying its sales/logistics strategies, which call for not holding the conventional amount inventories, since 2011 and has shifted to a system where large volumes of product inventories are placed on msc health the side of the unterschied zwischen promotion distributors. With this, its utilization of air transport has significantly dropped, leading to lower logistics costs. In the future, the company will hold a certain volume of sales inventory, but intends to shorten transport time by further reducing part/transport inventory. Further, it will review the transport routes . Japan's airborne export consolidation volume drops 5% in Sept. According to the figures compiled by the Japan Aircargo Forwarders Association (JAFA), the volume of ex-Japan airborne export consolidation in September this year jumped 0.5% from the gre essay template same month a year earlier to 250,128 cases, but dropped 5.1% in terms of weight to 72,023 tons. September marks the 19th consecutive month of year-on-year declines in total cargo weight. In August, the cargo weight sustained a double-digit plunge of 10.3% to 68,132 tons, so the margin of reduction has contracted in September. Unterschied Zwischen! The TC2 region (Europe, Middle/Near East and Africa) continued to post year-on-year surge, while the TC1 segment (U.S.) reverted to an upward trend. Further, shares of the five major operators (comprising Nippon Express, Yusen Logistics, Kintetsu Express, Hankyu Hanshin Express and NNR Global Logistics = Nishitetsu) in terms of . FIATA held World Congress in Singapore.

The world conference of the International Federation of gre essay template, Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA), which was held in Singapore, drew to unterschied dissertation, a close on October 19. At the ordinary general meeting that was convened on the final day of the event, the current president of the organization, Stanley Lim, stepped down, with Francesco Parisi, the current senior vice-president, to take over the vacated post. Further, the Japan International Freight Forwarders Association (JIFFA) has been officially approved as a member of the FIATA, making it the third Japanese group to get into gre essay template the latter, following the Japan Freight Forwarders Federation (JFFF) and the Japan Aircargo Forwarders Association (JAFA). . P3 Network to sustain, reinforce Japan services. The service overview of the P3 network that is scheduled to start in unterschied, the second quarter of next year has been released, disclosed yesterday by the Mediterranean Shipping Co. (MSC). With this new network, the services of Maersk Line, MSC and CMA-CGM that call at Japanese ports in college entry essays, the North America and Europe trade routes will be kept and the transit times (T/T) to major shipping networks will be improved, while the ships deployed to some services are set to be enlarged. However, nothing has been decided on the type of ships that will be deployed to the Mediterranean and Atlantic trade routes, so it is possible that changes will still surface . AAL to zwischen promotion, terminate Haneda-JFK flight in December. American Airlines (AAL) announced on October 16 that it will discontinue its Haneda-New York/JFK service effective December 1 this year, ending its operations at Haneda.

International long-distance flights at autocad resume, Haneda are limited to the late night-to-early morning zone (10:00PM-6:00AM, including the relay time) and AAL finds it hard to continue its commercial operations at the said airport. Dissertation! As a result, it has decided to discontinue the above service route, which was launched in February 2011, and terminate its operations in the area. It did not disclose if it plans to keep or give up its landing slots at promotion dissertation, the airport. Meanwhile, it will continue to run . The Air Cargo Logistics Asia 2013 (ACLA 2013), the biennial conference and exhibit of the air and unterschied dissertation logistics sector, was held at Marina Bay Sands in Singapore on October 16. Autocad Resume! Hiroshi Etani, president of Rakuten Logistics, took the rostrum at the start of the conference to deliver a keynote speech, discussing in detail the zwischen promotion activities being mounted by his company.

He claimed that the creation of an eco-logistics platform would be the clincher in advancing the B-to-B-to-C type of e-commerce in the market. The conference and exhibition was held until October 18 . Amended KS/RA system drives 50 new KS to give up certification. It has been discovered that about autocad resume, 50 companies have given up their qualifications under the Known Shipper/Regulated Agent (KS/RA) system that aims to secure airborne cargoes, which is being enforced on cargoes loaded in passenger flights bound for the U.S., accounting for about 10% of the known shippers (KS) in the system. Dissertation Promotion! It seems that the Civil Aviation Bureau of promotion dissertation, Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport Tourism (MLIT), which has jurisdiction over the system, asked the KS under the system to refortify the security systems at their plants and promotion other facilities that handle air cargoes by the end of September and these . JAL, Airbus discuss A350 order at applicant essay, joint press conference. Yoshiharu Ueki, president of Japan Airlines, and Fabrice Bregier, president and CEO of Airbus, held a joint press briefing on October 7 in light of the decision by the former to introduce A350 aircrafts to serve as the successors of the airline's B777 planes. Ueki claimed that the new aircrafts will be rolled out to JAL's fleet in/after 2019, adding that, We took a comprehensive account of the performance of the aircraft, including its safety, as well as the quality of its materials, its high economic efficiency, the comfort of unterschied zwischen promotion, our customers and the global environment, among other things. Meanwhile, Bregier considered the new deal as a sign of college applicant, a breakthrough into the Japanese market that had been . Tax Bureau to allow electronic submission of customs clearance documents. The Tax Bureau/Customs of Japan's Ministry of Finance will accept electronic data of customs clearance-related documents beginning October 13. Aside from invoices and bill of unterschied dissertation promotion, lading/air consignment notes that are required for cargoes that fall under Class 2 (document screening) and Class 3 (cargo inspection) in the Import/Export Declaration, the Tax Bureau/Customs will, on or after the said date, be able to accept certificates of msc health promotion, origin, legal permits/approvals and other necessary documents in electronic format in principle, including Word, Excel and PDF formats. The customs clearance-related entities will not have to bring the hard copies of the required documents to the customs authorities anymore, leading to a reduction . ECU Line acquires Econocaribe, beefs up presence in North American market.

India's major logistics provider Allcargo Logistics announced on zwischen October 1 that it has acquired the autocad resume U.S.-based marine consolidation firm Econocaribe Consolidators through its subsidiary ECU Line for about $50 million. Econocaribe has been the representative of ECU in the U.S. for a long period of time now. ECU already has a strong presence in the European and Asian markets, but by welcoming Econocaribe into its Group, it will foster closer partnership and reinforce its activities in unterschied zwischen, the North American market. Established in 1968, Econocaribe is online headquartered in zwischen dissertation, Miami, Florida and has nine offices in the U.S. and 22 container freight stations (CFS) in the U.S. and Canada. As an American non-vessel operating common . Shippers vehemently protest measurement of essay on roll hear my cry, container weight under SOLAS. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) recently held the 18th session of the Sub-Committee on Dangerous Goods, Solid Cargoes and Containers (DSC18), where the proposed amendment on unterschied zwischen promotion the International Convention for the Safety of gre essay, Life at Sea (SOLAS) was adopted, thereby making it mandatory for unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion shippers to inspect the promotion weight of their containers prior to loading on ships. The proposed new regulation on the verification of the gross weight of unterschied, containers has long been pushed for adoption by the World Shipping Council (WSC) and multiple other shipping groups and with its adoption by the sub-committee, it will now be submitted to the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) for deliberation.

But the shippers' groups are strongly . Aeroflot Russian Airlines (AFL) disclosed recently that it has terminated the operation all its cargo flights starting July this year. The company leases and owns three MD11F aircrafts, but all such planes have been grounded since July 16. It decided to stop its air cargo services as the MD11F aircrafts run up higher operational costs than the other aircrafts in dissertation, the market, the transport demand in the air freight market has been mired in a slumped state and the freight rates are hovering in the lower levels. According to a related source, this cessation of operation does not necessarily mean the unterschied zwischen company has already withdrawn from the cargo business at autocad resume, this point in time as it still plans to unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, study if it would resume its cargo business or pull out of it altogether . Shanghai FTZ officially opens doors. The Chinese government has officially established the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone (FTZ) in Shanghai City on September 29. As reported earlier (dated September 20), trade and finance services will be liberalized in four bonded areas in the region, comprising the msc health dissertation Shanghai Waigaoqiao Bonded Zone, Waigaoqiao Logistics Park, Pudong Airport Bonded Zone and Yangshan Bonded Port Area.

According to the 'General Plan for the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone' (Guofa [2013] 38) that was released on September 27, the next three years will be positioned as the pilot period of reform toward the unterschied zwischen promotion deregulation of 18 types of services for foreign companies, including . Hankyu Hanshin Express launches new office in essays, Dong Nai, Vietnam. The Hanoi-headquartered Hankyu Hanshin Express (Vietnam) (led by its president, Osamu Moriyama), the Vietnamese subsidiary of Hankyu Hanshin Express Co., opened a new office (Photo) at Dong Nai province at unterschied zwischen, the outskirts of the southern Ho Chi Minh city on September 9. Located in an office building at the province's Amata Industrial Park, the gre essay template new office has been positioned as its foothold for unterschied zwischen promotion marketing activities targeting Japanese-affiliated companies that have forayed into the areas near the city. Essay Questions Hear! In addition to the reinforcement of unterschied dissertation, its services to msc health promotion, existing customers, it will also strengthen its moves to capture new projects involving air and marine cargoes, centering on automotive companies. With the opening of the Dong Nai office, Hankyu Hanshin will now have a total of 100 company-owned bases. Spring Airlines Japan to expand fleet to 20 aircrafts by unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, 2017. Spring Airlines Japan, the Japanese subsidiary of the Chinese low-cost carrier China Spring Airlines (CQH), filed an application with Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) on college entry September 5 seeking permission to operate flights in the Narita-Takamatsu, Narita-Hiroshima and Narita-Saga routes by the end of promotion, May 2013 with two flights per day. The company will deploy a Boeing 737-800 aircraft for template the flights. At the dissertation press briefing held on the same day, Wang Wei , chairman (Right person in the photo), Hiroshi Ugai, president(Center person) , and Minoru Uchida. Yamato Transport to college entry essays, kick off International Cool TA-Q-BIN Yamato Transport Co. (with headquarters in Tokyo's Chuo-ku and under its president, Masaki Yamauchi), a subsidiary of unterschied zwischen, Yamato Holdings Co., announced on September 5 that it will begin offering International Cool TA-Q-BIN, a new small-lot cold transport service to overseas destinations, starting with cargoes to autocad resume, Hong Kong on October 28. The company will haul cargoes under constant temperature to their final destinations in Hong Kong from the nationwide bases in Japan with the use of two temperature zones, comprising the refrigerated (2-10 degrees C) and frozen (up to minus 15 degrees C) temperature systems.

The cargoes will be hauled by air to the Hong Kong International Airport from . Japan-Asia cargo traffic enjoys surges in imports, exports in zwischen dissertation promotion, July. TContainerized cargo traffic in the Japan-Asia trade route in July this year enjoyed firm growth, ballooning to 361,000 TEUs for questions of thunder my cry the major operators in the lane, up 5.9% from the unterschied dissertation promotion same period a year earlier. Broken down, exports from Japan jumped 7.7% to 168,000 TEUs, while imports to Japan from various Asian countries surged 4.4% to 193,000 TEUs. With regard to exports, shipments to Vietnam manifested a sharp rise, while those to China, where the export volume is large, and the Philippines posted double-digit increases. As for imports, shipments from the Southeast Asian . Senshukai to consolidate stocks at template, new Pusan warehouse. Senshukai Co. (headquartered in Kita-ku, Osaka), a major Japanese mail-order company that runs Belle Maison, has begun to consolidate late August its overseas inventories to the large-size logistics warehouse that was newly erected at dissertation promotion, the hinterlands of Pusan New Port. With bonded warehouses in seven locations in China and Southeast Asia, the company used to import products manufactured overseas to its domestic centers and then sell them in the local market. Gre Essay Template! However, it will consolidate the entire inventory management functions of unterschied promotion, its overseas sites to the new warehouse of Nippon Express (Nittsu) under the first stage of Phase 1 of the helper recently launched Woongdong logistics park by around the turn of the unterschied year.

In conjunction with this, it will significantly organize its domestic stocks, too, in order to entry essays, contract by about half the warehouse area that it uses around the dissertation promotion Chubu. Orders for large-size boxship exceed 50 units. Orders for ultra-large containerships with capacities exceeding 10,000 TEUs are on the rise again. College Applicant Essay! South Korean shipyard Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) has bagged orders for five 18,000-TEU containerships, plus another one on dissertation promotion option, and five 14,000-TEU units, plus another six on option, from the Middle Eastern operator United Arab Shipping Co. (UASC). Meanwhile, another South Korean shipyard, Daewoo Shipbuilding Marine Engineering (DSME), has entered into a deal to construct three 18,000-TEU containerships for essays an Asian owner. Orders for jumbo containerships, including the units on option, that have surfaced so far. Banking on unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion track record toward the autocad resume next 20 years: Incheon Airport's CEO. Chang-soo Jung (Photo), who assumed the position of president and CEO at Incheon International Airport Corp. (IIAC) in dissertation, June, recently talked about college entry, such matters as his aspirations for his term. Jung: I am happy to have been given the chance to work for Incheon Airport, which is a major gateway to South Korea. I have a deep connection with Incheon Airport, spanning back to my days at the Ministry of unterschied zwischen, Land, Transportation and Maritime Affairs.

From the day that it opened in 2001, up to applicant essay, the announcement of the unterschied promotion fundamental plan for the third wave of expansion at the airport. JAL to kick start new J TEMP, J EXPRESS services. Japan Airlines will soon begin to college entry essays, offer its new products/services for hauling cargoes - J TEMP and zwischen J EXPRESS. The J TEMP service will cater to pharmaceutical products, chemicals and perishable goods, offering a designated fee/pricing system and various tools such as specialized covers that control the sudden changes in temperature caused by the radiant heat from the sun. Meanwhile, the J EXPRESS will be a service that meets the transport requirements of customers, including the cargo . ANA Group to invest in Myanmar airline company.

The All-Nippon Airways (ANA) Group announced on gre essay August 27 that it has entered into a basic agreement with Myanmar's private airline company Asian Wings Airways Limited (AWA) in relation to capital alliance. The above deal marks the dissertation first time that a foreign airline will invest in on roll of thunder hear, a private airline company in Myanmar. Zwischen Dissertation! Under the agreement, ANA will invest approximately Y2.5 billion to entry essays, acquire a 49% stake in AWA. Established in January 2011, AWA is an airline with a capital of about Y207 million. Its annual sales stand at around Y1,747 million. It has a workforce made up around 350 employees. It owns two ATR72 planes and an A321 aircraft, currently operating routes in 13 cities within Myanmar. The company plans to foray into. Nittsu targeting 500,000 TEUs in NVOCC cargo handlings worldwide.

Hideo Hanaoka (Photo), executive officer and director of unterschied dissertation, Nippon Express (Nittsu) who is college also in charge of the Marine Transport Business Division and Fine Arts Business Division, held a press briefing at dissertation promotion, the company's headquarters in Tokyo on essay on roll of thunder August 26, where he talked about such matters as the key policies and unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion measures in applicant essay, the future of the Marine Transport Business Division. We will further boost the business of zwischen dissertation, import/export forwarding, which is our core competence, he said, indicating that Nittsu is targeting more than 500,000 TEUs worth of NVOCC throughput. Sankyu, Meiko Trans develop China-bound marine consolidation svc. Sankyu, Inc. and Meiko Trans Co. will further deepen their partnership. Questions Of Thunder My Cry! The two companies have long been engaged in the promotion of compatibility in their domestic/overseas networks and compliance with BCP, but have recently developed a joint product for marine cargo consolidations to Taicang port from the unterschied promotion major domestic ports. Online Resume Helper! The new service will kick off this week. The marine consolidation market has been faced with intensifying competition, but the unterschied zwischen promotion duo think that the creation of hear my cry, a consortium and alliance such as those among operators is unterschied dissertation needed in the world of NVOCCs.

Furuno Electric to digitize import/export documents. Furuno Electric Co. will computerize the import/export documents in its main marine equipment business within this year. In conjunction with the full-fledged rollout of the ERP, the autocad resume company has already digitized the trade documents related to exports in March this year and unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion plans to resume, further expand the scope of such computerization to include documents associated with imports in the future. With this, Furuno aims to unterschied promotion, enhance the resume helper effectiveness of its document generation/storage operations, as well as centralize the management of all trade/logistics-related information through electronic data in order to boost the quality of its services. Vanilla Air to focus on international flights based in Narita Airport.

AirAsia Japan announced on August 20 that it will be rebranded to zwischen dissertation, Vanilla Air starting November this year. On Roll Hear My Cry! Operation as AirAsia will go on until October 26, with flights under the Vanilla Air brand to kick off in late-December. Based in Narita Airport, the airline will place heavy emphasis on international flights, gearing to offer flights to resorts and pleasure destinations. It will begin operating with two A320 aircrafts, but it intends to boost its fleet to five units within fiscal 2013 and then to eight and dissertation 10 units in autocad resume, fiscals 2014 and unterschied 2015, respectively. Autocad Resume! At the press briefing held on dissertation August 20, the autocad resume airline's president, Tomonori Ishii (Photo), said that they also intend to promotion, expand revenues from incidental businesses, but are not thinking of engage in cargo transport. In light of the breakdown of the merger with AirAsia in late-June this year. JR Freight beefing up international logistics biz, expanding Sea Rail svc. Japan Freight Railway Co. (JR Freight, led by its president, Shuji Tamura) is reinforcing its activities in the field of resume, international logistics. In the Sea Rail Service (SR) that consistently uses 12-foot rail containers at sea and on trains, the company will partner with operators and unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion marine forwarders toward the reinforcement of marketing activities in a bid to stimulate the msc health needs of customers. It also aims to address the dissertation positioning demand of operators in relation to ISO marine containers. The SR and ISO container services have been suffering from a gradual decline since the Lehman.

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How To Use Bash's Job Control to dissertation Manage Foreground and Background Processes. In this guide, we'll talk about how bash , the Linux system, and autocad resume your terminal come together to offer process and job control. Unterschied Dissertation. In a previous guide, we discussed how the college entry essays, ps , kill , and zwischen dissertation nice commands can be used to control processes on your system. This article will focus on autocad resume managing foreground and background processes and unterschied dissertation promotion will demonstrate how to leverage your shell's job control functions to gain more flexibility in essay, how you run commands. Most processes that you start on zwischen a Linux machine will run in the foreground. The command will begin execution, blocking use of the shell for the duration of the process. The process may allow user interaction or may just run through a procedure and then exit. Autocad Resume. Any output will be displayed in the terminal window by default.

We'll discuss the basic way to manage foreground processes below. By default, processes are started in the foreground. Until the program exits or changes state, you will not be able to interact with the unterschied, shell. Some foreground commands exit very quickly and return you to a shell prompt almost immediately. For instance, this command: This would print Hello World to the terminal and then return you to your command prompt. Other foreground commands take longer to execute, blocking shell access for online helper, the duration. This might be because the command is unterschied dissertation promotion, performing a more extensive operation or because it is msc health promotion dissertation, configured to run until it is explicitly stopped or until it receives other user input. A command that runs indefinitely is the top utility. After starting, it will continue to run and update its display until the unterschied zwischen promotion, user terminates the questions, process:

You can quit by typing q. Some processes don't have a dedicated quit function. To stop those, you'll have to promotion use another method. Suppose we start a simple bash loop on the command line. Entry. We can start a loop that will print Hello World every ten seconds. Unterschied Zwischen. This loop will continue forever, until explicitly terminated: Loops have no quit key. We will have to stop the process by sending it a signal . Autocad Resume. In Linux, the kernel can send processes signals in order to request that they exit or change states. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation Promotion. Linux terminals are usually configured to send the SIGINT signal (typically signal number 2) to current foreground process when the CTRL-C key combination is pressed. The SIGINT signal tells the autocad resume, program that the user has requested termination using the keyboard. To stop the unterschied dissertation, loop we've started, hold the control key and applicant essay press the c key: The loop will exit, returning control to the shell.

The SIGINT signal sent by unterschied dissertation promotion the CTRL-C combination is essay questions on roll of thunder hear my cry, one of zwischen promotion, many signals that can be sent to programs. Most signals do not have keyboard combinations associated with them and must be sent using the kill command instead (we will cover this later). We mentioned above that foreground process will block access to gre essay the shell for the duration of their execution. Zwischen. What if we start a process in the foreground, but then realize that we need access to the terminal? Another signal that we can send is the autocad resume, SIGTSTP signal (typically signal number 20). When we hit CTRL-Z , our terminal registers a suspend command, which then sends the SIGTSTP signal to the foreground process. This will basically pause the execution of the promotion, command and online helper return control to the terminal. To demonstrate, let's use ping to connect to google.com every 5 seconds. We will precede the ping command with command , which will allow us to unterschied zwischen promotion bypass any shell aliases that artificially set a maximum count on the command: Instead of terminating the command with CTRL-C , type CTRL-Z instead: You will see output that looks like this:

The ping command has been temporarily stopped, giving you access to a shell prompt again. We can use the ps process tool to show this: We can see that the ping process is still listed, but that the STAT column has a T in it. The ps man page tells us that this represents a job that has been stopped by (a) job control signal. We will discuss in more depth how to change process states, but for resume helper, now, we can resume execution of the command in the foreground again by typing:

Once the process has resumed, terminate it with CTRL-C : The main alternative to running a process in the foreground is to allow it to execute in the background. Dissertation Promotion. A background process is associated with the specific terminal that started it, but does not block access to the shell. Instead, it executes in the background, leaving the user able to interact with the autocad resume, system while the command runs. Because of the unterschied promotion, way that a foreground processes interacts with its terminal, there can be only a single foreground process for autocad resume, every terminal window. Because background processes return control to the shell immediately without waiting for the process to zwischen dissertation complete, many background processes can run at the same time. You can start a background process by appending an ampersand character () to autocad resume the end of unterschied zwischen promotion, your commands. This tells the shell not to wait for the process to complete, but instead to begin execution and to immediately return the user to a prompt. The output of the command will still display in the terminal (unless redirected), but you can type additional commands as the background process continues. For instance, we can start the same ping process from the last section in the background by college typing: You will see output from the bash job control system that looks like this: You will also see the normal output from the ping command:

However, you can also type commands at the same time. The background process's output will be mixed among the input and output of your foreground processes, but it will not interfere with the execution of the foreground processes. To see all stopped or backgrounded processes, you can use the jobs command: If you have the ping command running in the background, you will see something that looks like this: This shows that we currently have a single background process running. The [1] represents the command's job spec or job number. We can reference this with other job and process control commands, like kill , fg , and bg by preceding the job number with a percentage sign. In this case, we'd reference this job as %1 . We can stop the current background process in a few ways. The most straight forward way is to use the kill command with the associate job number. For instance, we can kill our running background process by typing: Depending on how your terminal is configured, either immediately or the next time you hit ENTER, you will see the job termination status:

If we check the unterschied zwischen dissertation, jobs command again, we'll see no current jobs. Now that we know how to start and stop processes in autocad resume, the background, we can talk about how to change their state. We demonstrated one state change earlier when we described how to stop or suspend a process with CTRL-Z . Unterschied Dissertation Promotion. When processes are in this stopped state, we can move a foreground process to the background or vice versa. Moving Foreground Processes to the Background. If we forget to college essay end a command with when we start it, we can still move the process to the background.

The first step is to stop the process with CTRL-Z again: Once the unterschied, process is gre essay, stopped, we can use the bg command to unterschied dissertation promotion start it again in the background: You will see the job status line again, this time with the ampersand appended: By default, the bg command operates on the most recently stopped process. If you've stopped multiple processes in a row without starting them again, you can reference the process by job number to background the correct process. Note that not all commands can be backgrounded. Some processes will automatically terminate if they detect that they have been started with their standard input and output directly connected to an active terminal. Moving Background Processes to msc health promotion the Foreground. We can also move background processes to the foreground by unterschied typing fg : This operates on your most recently backgrounded process (indicated by the + in the jobs output).

It immediately suspends the process and puts it into the foreground. To specify a different job, use its job number: Once a job is in the foreground, you can kill it with CTRL-C , let it complete, or suspend and background it again. Whether a process is in the background or in the foreground, it is rather tightly tied with the terminal instance that started it. When a terminal closes, it typically sends a SIGHUP signal to all of the processes (foreground, background, or stopped) that are tied to the terminal. This signals for the processes to terminate because their controlling terminal will shortly be unavailable.

What if you want to close a terminal but keep the background processes running? There are a number of ways of accomplishing this. Resume. The most flexible ways are typically to unterschied dissertation promotion use a terminal multiplexer like screen or tmux , or use a utility that provides at least the detach functionality of promotion, those, like dtach . However, this isn't always an option. Sometimes these programs aren't available or you've already started the unterschied zwischen promotion, process you need to continue running. Autocad Resume. Sometimes these are overkill for what you need to accomplish. If you know when starting the process that you will want to close the terminal before the process completes, you can start it using the dissertation promotion, nohup command.

This makes the started process immune to the SIGHUP signal. It will continue running when the terminal closes. It will be reassigned as a child of the init system: You will see a line that looks like this, indicating that the output of the command will be written to a file called nohup.out (in the current directory if writeable, otherwise to your home directory): This is to ensure that output is not lost if the promotion dissertation, terminal window is promotion, closed. If you close the terminal window and open another one, the process will still be running. You will not see it in the output of the entry, jobs command because each terminal instance maintains its own independent job queue. The terminal closing caused the zwischen, ping job to be destroyed even though the ping process is still running. To kill the ping process, you'll have to gre essay template look up its process ID (or PID). You can do that with the unterschied promotion, pgrep command (there is also a pkill command, but this two-part method ensures that we are only killing the intended process). Use pgrep and the -a flag to search for the executable:

You can then kill the online resume helper, process by referencing the returned PID, which is the number in the first column: You may wish to remove the nohup.out file if you don't need it anymore. The nohup command is helpful, but only if you know you will need it at the time you start the unterschied zwischen dissertation, process. The bash job control system provides other methods of achieving similar results with the disown built in template, command. The disown command, in unterschied dissertation promotion, its default configuration, removes a job from the jobs queue of a terminal. This means that it can no longer be managed using the job control mechanisms discussed in essays, this guide (like fg , bg , CTRL-Z , CTRL-C ). It will immediately be removed from the list in the jobs output and unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion no longer associated with the terminal. The command is online resume helper, called by specifying a job number. Unterschied Dissertation Promotion. For instance, to immediately disown job 2, we could type: This leaves the process in college entry, a state not unlike that of a nohup process after the controlling terminal has been closed. The exception is that any output will be lost when the controlling terminal closes if it is not being redirected to a file.

Usually, you don't want to remove the process completely from job control if you aren't immediately closing your terminal window. Unterschied Zwischen. You can pass the -h flag to the disown process instead in order to mark the process to ignore SIGHUP signals, but to otherwise continue on as a regular job: In this state, you could use normal job control mechanisms to gre essay continue controlling the process until closing the terminal. Upon closing the terminal, you will, once again, be stuck with a process with nowhere to output if you didn't redirect to a file when starting it. To work around that, you can try to redirect the output of your process after it is zwischen dissertation, already running. This is entry, outside the scope of this guide, but you can take a look at this post to zwischen promotion get an idea of how you would do that. Bash also has another way of avoiding the SIGHUP problem for child processes. The huponexit shell option controls whether bash will send its child processes the SIGHUP signal when it exits.

The huponexit option only on roll hear affect the SIGHUP behavior when a shell session termination is dissertation promotion, initiated from within the shell itself . Some examples of autocad resume, when this applies is when the unterschied promotion, exit command or CTRL-D is autocad resume, hit within the session. When a shell session is ended through the zwischen promotion, terminal program itself (through closing the window, etc.), the command huponexit will have no affect. Instead of bash deciding on whether to send the questions on roll hear my cry, SIGHUP signal, the dissertation, terminal itself will send the SIGHUP signal to bash , which will then (correctly) propagate the signal to its child processes. Despite the above caveats, the huponexit option is perhaps one of the easiest. You can see whether this feature is on or off by typing: To turn it on, type: Now, if you exit your session by typing exit , your processes will all continue to run: This has the same caveats about program output as the last option, so make sure you have redirected your processes' output if it is important prior to closing your terminal. Learning job control and how to autocad resume manage foreground and background processes will give you greater flexibility when running programs on the command line. Instead of having to open up many terminal windows or SSH sessions, you can often get by with a few stop and background commands.

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30+ Best Resume Tips: That Will Get You Noticed and Hired. Have you recently sent out 15 or more resumes, only to get a single interview . Sound familiar? If so, you’re not alone. Yet, with just a few tweaks, your resume can get you a leg up on other candidates. I’ve compiled the best resume tips and zwischen, strategies into this quick-fire guide. These resume techniques will help you stand out, get more interviews, and gre essay template, land the job you really want. The best resume tips and tricks help you stand out to employers quickly. (source graphic) Note this post is part of our multi-part series on unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion How to promotion, Create a Great Resume (Ultimate Guide) . Here is our featured tutorial in this series, which is a great starting point: Now let's jump into this collection of over dissertation 30 top resume tips and tricks to help polish your resume and improve your results. Gre Essay. Important Strategy Tips For Preparing to Make Your Resume.

1. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation. Read the Job You’re Applying for. Tailor your resume to every job application. Read the job ad line by line. Highlight phrases used repeatedly, company culture hints, and anything that resonates strongly with your career experience. Essay Questions My Cry. “Include their ‘About Us ’ page, company news, and annual revenue reports in your research. These sources are a treasure trove of clues about company culture, goals, and challenges,” says Sarah Dowzell, COO Natural HR. Are you applying for a job in unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion the U.S.? Is it an academic, scientific, or government job? Did they ask for a resume or curriculum vitae (CV)?

Read the online application instructions. If you’re not sure which one to unterschied promotion, send, check out college applicant essay this guide: 3. Don’t Have All the Skills Required? No Problem! Do you pass on job opportunities where you don’t have all the skills they’re looking for? Big mistake. Companies know there's no candidate with ALL the skills and characteristics they want.

Besides, they also get tons of applications from zwischen promotion, total beginners. So what’s wrong with lacking one or two skills they’re asking for? Nothing, so don’t let it stop you. It all comes down to how valuable you can be to promotion dissertation, their team, based on your resume. Emphasize your soft and transferable skills. If you have the experience they need, but not in unterschied zwischen promotion a company setting, that’s okay.

Side projects, volunteer experience, and academic work or projects still count. Msc Health Dissertation. 4. Don’t Write Your Whole Life Story. Your resume isn’t a diary detailing all the job titles and duties you ever had. Think of it as a concise snapshot of your present career and future potential. 5. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation. Put the Impressive Stuff ‘ Above the Fold’ ‘Above the autocad resume fold’ refers to the area people see before having to scroll down. In print, it refers to the first half of the document, or the upper half of a folded newspaper. Unterschied Zwischen. This is the first part recruiters see after reading your resume. Use it well.

Don’t waste space with a big header for your name and contact details. It’s common practice to put this information at the top anyway, so you don’t have to use a big font. This professional resume template has a personalized header, but keeps the space used to promotion dissertation, a minimum, so your summary statement and work experience stand out above the fold: Write a good hook—an achievement, skill, or even a teaser question that will intrigue the recruiter to read further. Numbers stand out in a sea of unterschied zwischen promotion, text, it also makes your writing easier to read. Add numbers, statistics, percentages, metrics, or ranges, to college applicant, any skill or achievement in your resume to make it more concrete. Range : Supervised 5 to 9 IT associates while we developed a Fintech app for unterschied dissertation promotion, budgeting and investments. College Essay. Savings : Streamlined debugging process of new software, saving over 25 hours of work per month. Frequency : Evaluated 7 website themes submitted by freelancers and in-house designers per week. Results : 20% increase in ROI, while growing inbound traffic by unterschied zwischen dissertation 60,000 pageviews in the last year.

7. When Possible, Put Numbers at the Start. Power words are… well, powerful but only autocad resume, if used in the right context and frequency. Don’t forget these resume tips and unterschied zwischen promotion, tricks when using power words: Check the word’s definition in a dictionary. Don’t just use it because it sounds impressive. Don’t use words like ‘ revolutionize ,’ ‘ pioneer’ or ‘ dissuade’ if you can’t substantiate them, or if there are simpler words available. Poor Example of Using Power Words : Doesn’t ‘ revolutionize’ sound too much for this context? Don’t use power words on every bullet in your resume. Avoid power words that are hard to comprehend. Autocad Resume. Understand the nuances of your chosen power word. Zwischen Dissertation. For example, ‘ correspond ’ means you communicated through email or letters.

Communicate refers to both verbal and resume helper, non-verbal communication. Check out the unterschied downloadable power words I created for this guide: Writing soft skills like ‘good communication,’ ‘problem-solving,’ and ‘ leadership ’ is a waste of time. Recruiters are immune to this. Yes, these skills are still important. But it’s better to prove you have these skills by subtly incorporating them into your resume. Only show the most recent and relevant job titles you’ve held. Don’t waste valuable space for jobs you held in applicant essay an industry you’ve already left. Remove job titles irrelevant to your current professional goals. This frees up space to boost your qualifications with more skills, achievements, or certifications. I often refer friends to unterschied promotion, companies where I have an inside source, so I read lots of resumes. Until now, lots of them still use a career objective that sounds like a wish list of what they want.

Skip the college applicant objective. Write a summary or career highlights instead. Limit it to 7 one-sentence bullets so recruiters don’t gloss over this part. If you don’t want to write a customized resume for unterschied zwischen, every job application, re-write this part at least. For more information on this topic: 12. Maximize the First 3 Words of Your Bullets.

In writing, I often read that the first three words and last three words are what people remember most in online resume helper headlines. I think the same logic applies when it comes to writing bullets in your resume, because recruiters don’t read the whole document word for word. Use numbers, results, or power words to make your first three words count. Don’t waste it on a preposition or article like ‘ the.’ Don’t use cliches like “creative,” “motivated ,” and “passionate.” They’re so overused that they’ve lost their meaning. Here are the top 10 buzzwords to replace in your resume, courtesy of LinkedIn’s 2016 Global Buzzwords list: Top buzzwords to remove from dissertation, your resume. 14. Msc Health Promotion Dissertation. Use S.A.R. Format in Writing Achievements. Unterschied Dissertation. “To increase shopping cart value, I implemented an college applicant, upselling strategy, resulting in promotion a 5% increase in resume sales.” You can also invert the formula to lead with the results: R.A.S. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation Promotion. R.A.S.

Example - Leading With Results. “5% increase in autocad resume sales after implementing an upselling strategy for an e-commerce shopping cart.” A little mystery is unterschied promotion, a good thing. Msc Health Dissertation. “You want the reader to say to themselves, ‘Hmm… I am impressed this candidate had a 15% reduction in turnover, but how did he do that?’” says Sudermann. Don’t give away you best trade secrets. Unterschied Zwischen Promotion. That curiosity is your bait in luring employers to online helper, call you. If they know what to dissertation promotion, do, what’s the essay questions of thunder hear my cry sense in hiring you? It also lessens the ‘ wow ’ factor of what you achieved, especially if they’re already familiar with your strategy. Add online courses and short seminars on the education section of your resume. Don’t worry if it’s not taught in person, or conducted by a well-known institution. Online education is widely recognized nowadays so free and paid courses even from online providers carry weight. If you took a course on Adobe Photoshop, MS Excel, or any other skill, don’t hesitate to dissertation promotion, include it as long as it’s relevant to your job. Your resume should reflect interesting tidbits about essays your personality. Why?

Because high-achievers are interesting people with diverse hobbies and interests. Employers often interview candidates because something in their resume caught their eyes. Sometimes, these can come in the form of a sport, book, movie, side project, or volunteer activity. Some hobbies demonstrate skills related to your job, such as how archery teaches focus and painting enhances creativity. These activities do double duty to make you look both interesting and unterschied dissertation, qualified for the job. Allow your personality to shine through in your resume. This stylish resume template has features to showcase your professional experience and skills, but also includes a What I Like hobbies section: Sprinkle references to on roll of thunder my cry, books you’ve read, sports you play, volunteer activities, and even places you’ve traveled in zwischen your resume and cover letter. 18. Beware of Controversial Interests. Did you help a candidate during a political campaign?

Or maybe you raised money to support a church’s restoration. Both demonstrate your work ethic and willingness to help. But those efforts could be used to discriminate against of thunder hear my cry, you by someone who doesn’t agree with the cause. Tips for Better Resume Formatting. Good formatting increases your resume’s readability and helps focus attention on the most important parts of it.

Should you use single space or double space between job entries? Pick one and stick to it. If you want to combine different spacing, make sure it’s consistent between different elements. For instance, no spacing between bulleted points but double spacing between two sections (i.e. education and work history). Every profession has multiple skill sets related to zwischen dissertation promotion, it. Autocad Resume. For instance, a UX designer has coding, design, illustration, and administrative skills, just to name a few. Dividing these skills into unterschied promotion different lists then itemizing what’s included in each clarifies your qualifications and autocad resume, squeezes more keywords into your resume. It’s also easier to read this way. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation Promotion. Start your professional history with your current or previous job. Don’t hide your employment dates using a functional resume, unless you have a long job gap or a similar situation that necessitates it.

Limit your resume to two pages. Any more than that and you run the risk of some pages not getting the attention it deserves. People read from left to my cry, right, so it’s easier if most of your text, except the dates, are aligned left. Using center and unterschied zwischen promotion, justified alignment also makes your resume hard to read because the autocad resume eyes need to scan for where the text starts again, instead of just starting immediately at the left most part of the page. 25. Job Title or Company Name: Pick Which One to unterschied zwischen, Bold. Template. Format your job title in bold to emphasize career progression between the job titles you’ve held. If your career progression isn’t evident after a quick scan of your professional history, just emphasize your employer’s name.

You can also do this to highlight employment from big companies. Tips for Improving Your Resume Design. White space is zwischen promotion, breathing room for the eyes. It makes your resume skimmable and less overwhelming to read, which is always a plus for applicant, recruiters who spend all day reading applications. Unterschied. It’s a sneaky way to insert keywords into your resume, so I suggest putting these invisible keywords on the document’s footer to avoid detection. Using the autocad resume company logo’s color theme shows you did your research, and that you’re also passionate about the job. 29. Send a Traditional PDF, Even if You Have an Infographic or Creative Resume. Creative resumes can help you stand out and get noticed. We have many resume templates with high quality, beautiful styles on Envato Market, such as those curated in these articles: 25 Creative Resume Templates: To Land a New Job in unterschied Style.

15 Creative, Infographic Resume Templates. Staffing firm The Creative Group polled more than 400 U.S. Autocad Resume. marketing and advertising executives, and found that 78% of them still prefer traditional resumes in unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion PDF and word format. Creative resumes can help you stand out msc health but unless you have an unterschied dissertation promotion, insider, there’s no way to know for sure if an employer prefers them over traditional resumes. Just to be safe, send a PDF or word file resume even if your main resume is an infographic or video. There are also a number of professional resume templates on Envato Market with traditional and promotion dissertation, more modern styles.

And many easy to customize designs that can be exported to unterschied zwischen promotion, both PDF and entry essays, Word formats. Here is a simple resume template, with minimal infographic elements: It’s impossible to zwischen promotion, show all your qualifications in two pages, so take advantage of LinkedIn, portfolio sites, and personal websites. Just cover all the important details and accomplishments on promotion dissertation your resume, and then let your online assets do the rest. A printed portfolio of your works and a recommendation letter from an influencer are also good resume supplements. 31. Zwischen Dissertation Promotion. Don’t Give them Reason to Toss Your Resume. Busy C-executives aren't the msc health only ones guilty of dissertation promotion, this. Many recruiters read resumes with the msc health intention of weeding out applicants instead of qualifying them. After receiving hundreds of resumes with similar qualifications, it’s hard to blame them.

A recruiter’s job is to unterschied dissertation promotion, look for the best candidate, not the average. Autocad Resume. Scrub your resume clean of typos and dull job responsibilities. Emphasize what makes you unique. “If your online presence is unterschied promotion, extensive and impressive enough, tell the recruiter to Google you to get a sense of your accomplishments,” says Herle. This is applicable to all applicants, not just freelancers, writers, developers, and designers whose work are often available online. Use your name, job title, and the word ‘ resume ’ as the document’s file name. That will make it easier for the recruiter to find your job application, after you follow-up or send them a thank you note. Improve Your Resume One Step at a Time. I know reading everything suggested on this list is overwhelming. Doing it all is even more tiring, so take it one step at online helper a time. Some of unterschied zwischen, these resume tips take a few seconds to finish, while others might take half an hour—or more. You don’t have to do it all at msc health once.

Make a few tweaks, then leave it at that and just pick up where you left off the next day. Improve your resume one step at a time. Learn more about how to dissertation promotion, make a great resume in our ultimate guide. Envato Tuts+ tutorials are translated into other languages by our community membersyou can be involved too!

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essay with examples Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for unterschied zwischen dissertation, comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for gre essay template, this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of unterschied dissertation promotion, women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence.

Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and template, that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the concern is the promotion, reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is template, needed to encourage people to unterschied zwischen promotion have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful.

The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in resume, the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by zwischen promotion, the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. Helper! To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per female, but in promotion, 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Autocad Resume! Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and unterschied zwischen promotion, other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on template, young people and their supposedly self-centred values.

It is argued that in unterschied zwischen promotion, developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Autocad Resume! Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on zwischen promotion, the values of autocad resume, self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in unterschied dissertation promotion, their own pleasure - mainly in helper, the form of shopping. According to dissertation Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to entry remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to dissertation promotion the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is promotion dissertation, that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only unterschied zwischen, do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). Applicant! As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an unterschied dissertation, average of 2.33 children in their lifetime.

Findings like this suggest that the values of the young are not at college applicant all incompatible with the idea of having a family. Unterschied Zwischen Dissertation! It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the autocad resume, way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the unterschied promotion, changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Questions On Roll Of Thunder Hear! Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and unterschied dissertation promotion, childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability.

But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and autocad resume, Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to unterschied link improved education levels for women to essays low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of zwischen, tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to essay have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and zwischen promotion, career opportunities for essay hear my cry, women does not seem to dissertation be the decisive factor in online resume helper, reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved.

Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in unterschied promotion, Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an gre essay template, assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to zwischen promotion help the family. College Entry! In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and dissertation, so, it is argued, the benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and autocad resume, will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits.

McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. According to dissertation promotion this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on gre essay template, the side of safety in promotion, order to avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts.

Geographic mobility may be required for msc health dissertation, employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for unterschied dissertation promotion, men. Autocad Resume! Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of perceived costs and unterschied zwischen, risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Essay Questions On Roll Of Thunder Hear! Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in unterschied dissertation promotion, Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to essay questions on roll of thunder hear my cry bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in unterschied dissertation, secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the msc health promotion dissertation, world seem to have an increasing perception of unterschied promotion, economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in essay of thunder, living standards over unterschied promotion, their lifetime.

According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to gre essay template provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on dissertation, the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to dissertation do otherwise. Castigating the unterschied zwischen dissertation, young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000).

Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. Autocad Resume! 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Dissertation Promotion! Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000).

A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). College! Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and unterschied, other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a).

Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Gre Essay Template! Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on unterschied zwischen, Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003).

Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000). Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in essays, this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think?

Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion, this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. Essays! why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen.

This is zwischen dissertation promotion, presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and applicant essay, then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from dissertation, Europe and Asia). Hint: in resume, your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in dissertation, paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the applicant, issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about unterschied, it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the promotion, paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view.

Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Unterschied Promotion! Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of entry essays, McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ideas of unterschied dissertation promotion, other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this.

But if you are going to msc health be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for unterschied zwischen promotion, declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to autocad resume structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. Unterschied Zwischen! ; Another problem is essay hear, that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to zwischen dissertation be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the msc health, argument is the key to unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion any essay you write.

In the body of your essay, you need to dissertation be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the dissertation promotion, main reason why the college essay, birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay. But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Promotion! Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in promotion dissertation, the conclusion. Unterschied Dissertation! In the first sentence, the promotion, student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument.

Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus:

Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to unterschied zwischen map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of spelling, typographical and template, grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in dissertation promotion, the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to college (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to unterschied zwischen dissertation include a reference to most of the gre essay, texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references.

Of course, all references have to be relevant to unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to gre essay template use these words in their written work. Zwischen Dissertation! But in questions on roll of thunder hear, fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.)

Citations are used to indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is unterschied zwischen, required in each of essays, your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in unterschied zwischen dissertation, a number of college, ways. One method is to promotion present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg:

Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the entry, ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is unterschied zwischen promotion, not always possible. In such cases, use the autocad resume, #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of zwischen dissertation, a writer, you need to gre essay template use reporting expressions like the ones used here:

He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an dissertation, informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in college essay, the citation. Sometimes you may need to zwischen dissertation promotion change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to essay questions hear change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to unterschied zwischen promotion indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly.

Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the essay on roll of thunder my cry, things etc. Dissertation Promotion! This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls.

. Gre Essay Template! McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. Zwischen Dissertation Promotion! In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of msc health promotion dissertation, more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and unterschied, are in autocad resume, a slightly smaller font. Unterschied Dissertation Promotion! Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in autocad resume, alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and unterschied dissertation, format: Author family name, Initial. (date).

Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for students to refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around.

Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and college applicant, .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments? Please provide us feedback.