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Engineering Majors: Resume Guide - University of San Diego
Book Report Alternative: Writing Resumes for Characters in Historical Fiction. Historical fiction transports its readers back in time with the characters. Relevant Engineering? Readers can feel as if they are experiencing life vicariously with the planet of the apes topics characters in these novels. Invite your students to engage even more with the characters and setting of the relevant coursework resume historical fiction that they read by didion essay, helping a character from their reading choose and apply for a job. What would it be like to search for a job in the past?
What qualifications would be needed? Students explore help wanted ads, in relevant coursework engineering resume, print and top down case study online, to relevant resume, see what employers want. Then, students draft a resume so their characters can apply for jobs. Historical Fiction Novels : This sheet features a list of dozens of historical fiction novels. The traditional book report rarely gives students the opportunity to move beyond summary to engage with the book and respond analytically or in any detail. Chris Crowe warns teachers: Forget traditional book reports. Kids hate them, and you'll hate reading them, in part because they're inherently boring and in part because it is impossible to tell whether or not your students actually read the books they will have written their reports on (151). Diana Mitchell offers similar advice: Students tire of responding to novels in the same ways. They want new ways to think about a piece of planet literature and new ways to dig into relevant coursework resume, it (92). What teachers need, Mitchell suggests, are book report alternatives that whet the interest of students in exploring new directions and in responding with greater depth to the books they read (92). Crowe, Chris.
Young Adult Literature. Essay Requirements University? English Journal 90.1 (September 2000): 149-51. NCTE/IRA NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of relevant coursework resume themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of joan didion towards society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Relevant Engineering Resume? Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works. Students read a wide range of literature from slouching, many periods in many genres to build an understanding of the many dimensions #40;e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic#41; of relevant human experience. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features #40;e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics#41;.
Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language #40;e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary#41; to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes. Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes. Students apply knowledge of apes essay language structure, language conventions #40;e.g., spelling and punctuation#41;, media techniques, figurative language, and genre to relevant, create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. Students use a variety of technological and information resources #40;e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video#41; to essays on dulce et decorum est by owen, gather and synthesize information and to create and relevant coursework engineering resume communicate knowledge. Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of slouching towards a variety of literacy communities. Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes #40;e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and relevant engineering resume the exchange of information#41;. The Resume Handbook: How to Write Outstanding Resumes Cover Letters for Every Situation (Resume Handbook, 4th Ed) by Arthur D. Rosenberg, et al. Resume for Sarah Elisabeth Wheaton. Before this lesson, students will read a book independently, in literature circles, or as a whole class. analyze a historical fiction novel for explicit and implicit information about a character. Analysemodel Af Engelsk Essay? Introduce the assignment to students: What if a character from your book came to you and asked you to help write a resume so he or she could apply for a job? What would you need to know to help that character?
You would need to know that character’s skills, knowledge, and personality traits. You would also need to know the specifics about the job they are looking for. Share additional details about the assignment using the interactive Writing Resumes for Fictional Characters. Use books, Web resources, and collected resumes to share more details about the different types of resumes. If desired, go over the components of a resume in more detail, using the Resume Workshop, from Purdue OWL. Invite students to explore the coursework resume sites further on their own, but note that the resources are geared toward an construction case study older audience.
The resources include sample resumes. Relevant? Distribute the Resume Component Checklist. Have students mark out of the apes essay, any components that they wish to relevant coursework engineering resume, omit from essays on dulce et decorum est by, their characters’ resumes. Have the students write a resume to get promoted to relevant, the next grade level. Have teachers from the on hard pays next level provide feedback. Coursework Engineering Resume? Informal feedback can come from students who respond to for baylor, the character resumes and then search out the related book is relevant coursework engineering resume excellent feedback for students. You might make arrangements with your school library to display copies of the resumes in a notebook. Students looking for planet of the essay, something to read can then browse through the notebook for suggestions. Students celebrate a novel they have read and coursework engineering resume get hands-on experience with technical writing by creating a board game based on the novel and writing the instructions for it.
In this alternative book report, students identify the joan slouching elements of fiction in books they have read by creating glogs, interactive multimedia posters, and then share their glogs. In this alternative to engineering, the traditional book report, students report on their novel choices using Facebook-like pages. In this alternative to the traditional book report, students respond to a play they have read by creating a resume for one of construction case its characters. To prepare for coursework engineering resume, literature circles featuring historical novels, students research the decades of the 1930s to the 1990s and share their information using Prezi, a web application for creating multimedia presentations. Students identify the elements of fiction in a book they have read and share summaries of them by writing and illustrating their own mini-book. Students respond to a book they have read by thinking symbolically to create a business card for one of the characters.
Students make bookmarks on computers and pays share their ideas with other readers at their school, while practicing summarizing, recognizing symbols, and coursework engineering writing reviews—all for an authentic audience. Students select a book to read based only on its cover art. After reading the book, they use an interactive tool to create a new cover for it. Essay On Hard Work Off? Students explore book covers of a variety of books then create a new cover for a book they have read. Relevant Coursework? Students must think critically to create comic strips highlighting six important scenes from a book they have read.
Students explore familiar literary characters, usually first encountered as adults, but whose childhood stories are only told later. Students then create childhoods for didion essay slouching towards, adult characters from books of their choice. Students write a persuasive letter to the editor of a newspaper from a selected fictional character#039;s perspective, focusing on a specific issue or situation explored in the novel. Students select a job listing for a character in relevant coursework engineering resume, a book they have read, then create a resume and application letter for that character. Comic frames are traditionally used to illustrate a story in of the apes topics, a short, concise format. In this lesson, students use a six-paneled comic strip frame to create a story map, summarizing a book or story that they#039;ve read. Relevant Resume? Each panel retells a particular detail or explains a literary element #40;such as setting or character#41; from the story.
Grades 9 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing Summarizing. This tool guides students through the creation of a resume that can be saved and edited. Written and audio tips provide extra support. Grades 7 12 | Calendar Activity |nbsp August 29. Students write original short works of historical fiction in verse format, modeling the planet of the essay topics style Hesse used to coursework resume, write Out of the Dust . Students explore the genre of historical fiction by writing original works and comparing all of the finished pieces.
Offers 50 diverse suggestions intended to offer students new ways to think about a piece of literature, new directions to explore, and ways to respond with greater depth to the books they read. Professional Library | Journal. In this article, Versaci details the many merits of using comics and graphic novels in the classroom, suggests how they can be integrated into historical and social issues units, and recommends several titles. © 2017 IRA/NCTE. All rights reserved. Legal | International Reading Association | National Council of Teachers of English.
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Secret Fire: The Relationship Between Kundalini, Kabbalah, and Alchemy. All Rights Reserved. Copyright Mark Stavish 1997. 11 March 1997. The following exercises are designed to assist in freeing the most potent energy known to humanity and relevant coursework engineering resume, resident in creation. They are not designed for someone with little or no esoteric experience. In general, it would be advisable to top down construction case have at lest one to two years of practical, daily experience with the Middle Pillar and/or Pentagram Rituals; in addition, an equal amount of time with the Hexagram Rituals. Several workings of the 32 nd through 24 th Paths on the Tree of relevant coursework engineering, Life would also be desirable 1) , and regular practice of once a week or so of essay, “Rising on the Planes” 2) . Common sense, a willingness to “Make haste slowly”, and a balanced lifestyle may be the coursework resume, best protection against any unpleasant side effects of these, or other, esoteric practices 3) . It is very important that you keep a diary of your practices and experiences with the essay requirements for baylor university, exercises given. The amount of time it will take to experience the Secret Fire is unknown, although preparation is the best guarantee of relevant resume, success. The amount of time given to joan didion slouching towards bethlehem each exercise should not exceed more than 15 or 20 minutes in the beginning, and resume, then 30 or 45 minutes after the first half year or so.
It is also strongly advised that anyone undertaking these exercises also maintain a regular, daily usage of for baylor university, spagyric tinctures for each of the planetary qualities of the day it is used. This additional, slow, and methodical cleansing of the subtle psychic channels will aid in relieving some of side-effects of esoteric work. The nightly application of “Dream Yoga” is also suggested, as this will attune the student to the qualities of the day while sleeping, aid in interior contacts, and may shed light on particular problems of the Work. Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume. 4) While this may seem like a lot of apes, work, it is not. Tinctures are fairly easy to make, all that is required is their regular use. This takes no more time than swallowing a vitamin. Dream yoga is done as we are falling asleep anyhow, no additional time required for this either. What is does take is regularity, commitment, and perseverance. Qualities that assure, albeit confer, adepthood.
Best of relevant engineering, luck in your practices. In the essay on hard, Bonds of Esotericism, In the Western esoteric practices there is an apparent knowledge gap regarding the role of esoteric practices and their effects on the subtle, and coursework engineering, not so subtle, bodies of practitioners. In the East, all practices, whether designated as such or not, are designed to topics awaken the semi-dormant energy resident in all creation, and ‘living beings’ in particular. This energy is known as “Kundalini”, “The Serpent Fire”, and the “Dragon” depending on tradition. Extreme care has been taken, despite contradictions between systems, to chart the effects of exercises on this latent energy, and relevant coursework, how it ‘flows’ through the physical, emotional, and psychic body, at what stages, and in relation to which exercises. Such a detailed analysis is lacking in modern Western esotericism. For modern kabbalists, the essay requirements, most common introduction to ceremonial magic is through the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram and the Middle Pillar Exercise. The purpose of this paper is engineering resume twofold: to show how this, and related exercise can stimulate the Secret Fire, and to suggest exercises for its regulation by esoteric students who are engaged in a Hermetic path, such as general studies or alchemy, who may have experienced its awakening and are in need of simple and direct exercises for its regulation. The majority of modern esoteric students are familiar with the Middle Pillar exercise, as such, it will be the fundamental basis for much of this article.
In addition, the Sepher Yetzirah , and a limited number of alchemical references will be made. The basis of kabbalah is that through increasing levels of density, humanity came into its present state of physical incarnation and psychic evolution. Construction Case Study. Through rituals, exercises, and meditations, the energy latent in creation generally, and the body of the relevant resume, practitioner in particular, can be “awakened”, purified, and directed. This energy can then be used for spiritual development, psychic expansion, or physical health and improvement. Creation is seen to essays et decorum est by owen have taken place, in Western kabbalistic and relevant coursework resume, alchemical terms, in essay on hard work the following process. The Divine mind of God, the resume, Absolute, or in Hebrew the planet of the topics, Ain Soph Aur (Limitless Light), through a series of expansions and contractions establishes the boundaries of Creation. The first world is the most subtle, and closest to the original state of non-existence, and relevant coursework, is Atzilooth . This is called the world of study, Fire, because of the lively, undefined, and almost uncontrollable nature of fire.
Next is Briah , or the World of Archetypes and forms as our human mind can grasp them. It is symbolized as the resume, World of Air, and is the result of a barrier world that is formed by the creation of the of the essay, next World, Yetzirah , or Water. This is the highly psychic and emotionally charged world immediately behind the veil of material existence, or Assiah . Also known as the World of Earth, because of the solid, concrete nature of material life. The purpose of this scheme, is to show that creation occurs in increasingly dense levels of energy-matter, from the most subtle, or Fire , to the most dense, or Earth . Within this context of increasing density, there also arises a series of ten planes or levels of consciousness which combines with energy-matter, known as Sepheroth , or spheres of being. They occur in a pattern of: unity, reflection, polarity, reflection, polarity, unity, reflection, polarity, unity, and relevant coursework engineering resume, finally materialization. This basic idea of unity-polarity-and re-harmonizing, is the basis of requirements for baylor, kabbalistic and alchemical practices, and is derived from the observation of Nature.
Each World is a reflection to relevant a denser or more subtle degree than the one before or after it. Construction. Each Sepheroth is a reflection, in part, of what proceeds or follows it. However, since each reflection is only partial, or slightly distorted, each Sphere takes on its own unique characteristics. Only the engineering resume, so-called “Middle Four Sphereoth” have the ability to harmonize or reflect in total all of the et decorum est by wilfred, energies of creation, on relevant coursework engineering resume, some level. This ‘zigzag’ of Creation is called the “Lightning Flash”. The return of energy from dense matter, back through the various stages, Sepheroth, and slouching towards, Worlds of Creation is known as the “Path of the Serpent” because of its reverse, or complimentary ‘zigzag’ nature back up this diagram called the Tree of Life. For the alchemist, somewhere between the resume, third and construction, fourth level, or sphere of creation, energy takes on the characteristic that will allow for the formation of matter at some future state, or level ten. This energy is called Prima Materia , Chaos in the Bible, Spiritus Mundi (Spirit of the Earth), and others.
Here, duality is made complete, and genuine polarity exists, as opposed to simply the potential, or idea, of polarity that had existed previously. Energy is divided into active and passive modes, with the active energy constituting the energies of life, and the passive one the energy of engineering, matter. In “The Golden Chain of for baylor university, Homer”, the relevant engineering resume, active energy is called Niter and the passive energy is called Salt. The energy of Life manifests in two forms, Fire and essay work, Air. While both are predominately active in nature, fire is the relevant engineering, more active of the two, with Air being slightly passive because of the partial Water Element in its makeup. Top Down Study. Potential Matter manifests its energy as Water and Earth. These Elements have nothing to do with the material bodies of the same name, and relevant engineering, as such are capitalized and called “Elemental” to distinguish them from the earth we walk on, water we drink, air we breath, and fire we cook with. They are in fact, energetic states, each with their own unique characteristics, as well as each of the previously mentioned ten levels of construction study, consciousness within them.
The Elements also have preferred ways of relevant engineering, interacting with each other, to form the Three Principles of alchemy. There are in fact, forty different ways energy-matter-consciousness can manifest in our world. The Three Essentials are the alchemical principles of analysemodel, Sulphur, Mercury, and Salt. Like the “Elements” these principle concepts are to be thought of a “Philosophical” and not literally as chemical elements or compounds. The Alchemical Sulphur, or Soul, of a thing predominates in the animating principles of energy (Fire) and intelligence (Air); Alchemical Salt, or the physical body of a thing, predominates in unconscious forces, psychic, and instinctual intelligence (Water) and solid matter (Earth); Alchemical Mercury, or general life force, predominates in coursework intelligence (Air) and instinctual forces, and psychic energy (Water), as such it is the of the apes essay topics, link, or bridge, between the higher forces of Sulphur and the lower body of matter. In the mineral realm the coursework engineering resume, dominant energy is essay that of Earth, a little Water, and very little Air or Fire. In the resume, vegetable realm, the dominant energy is Water and Air, but little Fire and Earth. In the animal realm, the dominant force element is Fire, then Air, but little Earth. These qualities need to be understood as they have been defined for et decorum est by, the following information to be of coursework engineering resume, any use to the practicing, or aspiring, Hermeticist. For example, using the above definitions, we can say that the plant realm has an abundance of off, instinctual energy (Water) and relevant engineering, intelligence, i.e. a specific function (Air), but little direct energy (Fire), as this is received passively from the sun; and little hard, physical, matter (Earth).
In the East as in the West, the idea of principle Elements and analysemodel af engelsk, Philosophic Principles are expressed in more or less the same manner. This original undifferentiated energy from creation is often called in Indian philosophy, and modern occult, and New Age circles, as akasha , or Spirit. However, akasha, consists of two (2) aspects, one active as we have noted, Niter, and the other passive, Salt. The energies of Niter are also referred to as the force of Kundalini , or spiritual forces. In alchemy, this is the Secret Fire.
To the Salt, belongs the force of Prana , or Vital Energy. The function of the Vital energy is to maintain physical life forms and existence. It is relevant coursework completely instinctual and unconscious and is heavily influenced by cosmic cycles, astrological pulses, and other natural phenomena. The function of the Secret Fire is to increase in af engelsk humanity, the only place where it is present, its sense of self, or “I”. At the lowest level or functioning, this is the relevant engineering resume, ego, at its highest, it is Divinity incarnate, as both are two sides of the same coin. One is ‘self’ in relation to of the apes essay topics the physical world and others; the other is ‘self’ in relationship to coursework all of Creation and as a co-creator. In the analysemodel, vast majority of humanity, this Secret Fire, or liberating energy of self-consciousness, lies dormant, asleep at the base of the spine, coiled like a serpent. Only a small amount manages to escape, reaching a sepherothic level, or so-called chakra , thus creating a loci of consciousness for each person. If it reaches the top of the skull, and beyond, a spiritual awakening can occur, allowing for a descent and re-ascent of the energy, during which the psychic centers can be awakened allowing for the manifestation of psychic powers and related phenomena. The Secret Fire ascends as a result of a temporary weakening of the Vital Energy in the physical body. This is why so many spiritual awakenings take place under great physical stress, times of illness, or near-death-experiences.
When the Secret Fire will ascend through the coursework, various psychic-physical currents causing it to be enveloped in a sphere of luminous light. The experiencing of the Secret Fire, as a result of the suppression of the physical body’s Vital Energy, can create a condition which manifests in various forms: -Some perceive the bright light as an top down case angel, their Higher Self, or “Holy Guardian Angel”, others as a spiritual teacher. -Astral projection may result, along with perception of the immediate surroundings. -Uncontrolled physical movements may also result, typical of so-called ‘kundalini phenomena’: shaking, rapid breathing, swinging of the torso, uncontrolled giddiness, and sitting straight upright in the Pharaonic position. After a period of time, the energy will descend, and return to the base of the spine. The effects of this awakening will take some time for the consciousness of the individual to adjust to, and is not limited to the ‘non-physical’ realms. The physical body, although to a lesser degree, is also changed and improved in functioning, constituting a genuine “re-birth’ on several levels. However, it is up to the mind, or sense of “I”, of the individual, to engineering resume cooperate with this influx of on hard work pays, power if more permanent changes in consciousness are to be made. As we can see, the relevant coursework engineering, concept of kundalini, or the Secret Fire, is on dulce et decorum owen linked to two polar concepts: that of the undifferentiated creative energy, and the second, as the seed of this energy locked on each cell of material creation, and focused in humanity at the base of the engineering resume, spine.
When this energy rises as a result of psychic experiences, and not because of physical weakness, it can cause the Vital Energy of the body to be concentrated on various areas of the body, creating physical and essays et decorum wilfred, psychic disturbances. If the energy becomes concentrated in the head, it can create the illusion of relevant coursework, a spiritual awakening, as well as the well known “hot and cold” flashes, or currents, up and planet apes essay, down the spine. The effects of the Secret Fire however, and not its re-distributive effects on coursework, the Vital Energy, can create the analysemodel af engelsk, following phenomena: If the energy rises to the top of the head, then it becomes possible to work directly on the Vital Energy within the body, and use it, as a means of enhancing the psychic experience and spiritual awakening. In short, the psychic centers must first be awakened by the Secret Fire and purified, before the energy of the physical body, can be concentrated upon them. Thus, our psychic exercises, and resume, esoteric meditations are designed to prepare our minds, bodies, and consciousness for joan towards, the liberation of the Secret Fire buried deep inside us. Through a progressive cleansing of the blood, nervous system, and endocrine glands, the ‘chains’ of the coursework engineering, Vital Energy upon the Secret Fire are reduced and eliminated, allowing the ever present power and slouching, energy, a veritable pressure waiting to be released, to spring into action. Thus, the Serpent doesn’t really sleep, it is we who are asleep to relevant coursework engineering resume its presence and potential blessing. The Secret Fire and the Sepheroth. “So he drove out the work pays, man: and he placed at relevant, the east of the garden of Eden cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the Tree of Life.” Genesis 3:24. The use of the “Tree of Life” has been both a blessing and a curse for modern esotericism.
When understood, the “Tree” offers a complete and top down construction case, working model of Creation on both the microcosmic and macrocosmic scales. However, where many fail is on the personal level. The ability to apply the coursework, often very general information of the Tree to personal experiences of the initiate when they deal with physiological phenomena is profoundly lacking in joan essay modern esoteric circles. The reasons for this are several: First , many modern esotericists simply repeat what they have learned without experiencing whether or not it is true on a personal level; second , the language of kabbalah is multi-leveled, with the same word having several meanings, thus many who are using the words don’t know what they actually mean, or on relevant engineering resume, what level it may be interpreted; thirdly , the on dulce est by, diagram of the Tree is engineering simply too neat and compartmentalized. Many kabbalists are unable to adapt to the fact that interior reality is much more flexible than the Tree allows when applied to the two dimensional page or illustration. These problems are farther complicated by the idea of “One Tree” but “Four Worlds” making much meaningful, practical information nearly impossible to come by regarding the crises of spiritual awakening and so-called Kundalini phenomena as it relates to kabbalistic practices. When compared to the clear and explicit information available from Taoist and Tantrik sources, it is no wonder that so many Americans and Europeans prefer those systems to joan bethlehem those more culturally and historically related. To help resolve these problems in the transmission of relevant engineering resume, knowledge, only information that has a relationship to analysemodel af engelsk experience of the author or others he has discussed this topic with will be included here. Theory will be stated as theory, and experience as experience.
The meaning of common kabbalistic words will be defined, and redefined, to keep the communication clear and direct. An extensive use of confusing and somewhat irrelevant god-forms, references to mythology, and cosmology unconnected to the personal experience will be avoided. Arousing the coursework engineering resume, Sleeping Serpent. “Just as Moses lifted up the flaming serpent in the desert, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that all who believe may have eternal life in him.” John 3:14-15. The Lesser Ritual of the joan slouching towards, Pentagram is coursework engineering often the first ritual learned by aspiring magicians. Its function is to teach the basic mechanics of solitary ritual, and to give a basic technique whereby destructive energies maybe repelled or dispersed from the sphere of influence of the operator. Essays On Dulce Et Decorum Wilfred. The symbols used in the ritual are fundamental to other rituals of a more complex nature; however, to disregard the Lesser Ritual as somehow less effective is a mistake. A ritual, no matter how simple or complex is only as effective as the skill of its operator. Repeated use of the LRP is can be more effective than incompetent or irregular use of more sophisticated rites. In total, there are approximately six fundamental rituals used in Western occultism reflecting an influence of The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn: 1) the Lesser Ritual of the coursework engineering, Pentagram 2) the Supreme Ritual of the Pentagram 3) the Lesser Ritual of the Hexagram 4) the Greater Ritual of the Hexagram and 5) the Rose+Cross Ritual.
The use of The Flashing Sword appears to be irregular; however, it will also be considered along with its companion exercise or, The Rising Serpent . Within these, the use of the Middle Pillar is optional, it is however, the Middle Pillar Exercise which does the essay requirements for baylor university, most to purify the bodily energies, or Vital Energy, and make pathways for the release of the relevant engineering, Secret Fire. “I will make the victor a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go out no more: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of essays on dulce, my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from relevant coursework resume my God: and I will write upon him my new name.” Revelations 3:12. Several variations of the Middle Pillar Exercise exist, however their fundamentals remain the same. Whether or not one uses the Elements as suggested by Regardie in essay “True Art of Healing” or the Sepherothic/planetary correspondences as he later suggests (and is most commonly used) in his book “The Middle Pillar” is irrelevant. The methods used by the Arum Solis will also be considered as an alternative exercise. The theoretical basis of the Middle Pillar is that through imagination, breath, and concentration, the psychic energy of creation, here principally Yetzirah , can be directed allowing for a purification of the Vital Energy that holds the coursework engineering, Secret Fire in check.
As our psychic centers are cleansed of emotional, moral, and materialistic residue, they better reflect the cosmic energy that works through them. Through its pre-described pattern of circulating the energy, the Middle Pillar assists in smoothing out the edges of our aura, as well as increasing the flow of energy in analysemodel general directions, so that the psychic pathways, both large and coursework resume, small, can be purified and strengthened through an increase of Vital Energy. The pathways described for the Middle Pillar are circular in nature. They are for the most part large, clear, and bright, with a reflective quality too them. Regardie says that the psychic spheres should be imagined like large, clear, brilliant diamonds if no other color is known. Although, in the end, the entire sphere, or extended aura, of the practitioner should be imagined as a brilliant diamond radiating heat and light. The beauty of the Middle Pillar is that it, like many esoteric practices, is really a layered exercise.
Containing an almost infinite amount of flexibility and growth potential. As the practitioner develops in skill and manipulation of the imagery, the amount of new possibilities increases. One of central movements of the Middle Pillar is the “Fountain of Light” . Here, the practitioner imagines a brilliant force of energy forcing its way up through the soles of their feet and out the top of their head, spraying along the edges of their aura, making it strong and clear of any roughness, and gathering again at their feet. This cyclic imagery is repeated several times. This key part of the exercise, is the essay for baylor university, central part that prepares the central pathways for the eventual release of the Secret Fire. Relevant Coursework Engineering. It is also similar to Eastern practices as seen in Chinese Chi Kung , Indian Tantra , and Tibetan Vajrayana yoga. This being said, it is also clear that some differences exist between Eastern and Western methods of releasing the Secret Fire. The methods of direct work on the psychic centers, and an upward climbing of the spinal column is more traumatic than the more general work of the Middle Pillar.
It is for this reason, that the techniques of yoga, save a few, that are aimed straight away at releasing the Secret Fire, require supervision of a guru. Being that they so restrict the activities of the practitioner, and require close supervision, they are also systems that are impractical for day to day life in American and European culture. While similarities exist, and will be examined, the major differences appear to didion slouching towards bethlehem be the following: 1) Indian yoga is aimed principally at liberation from the physical realm in as quick a method as possible. Relevant Coursework Engineering. Western esoteric practices are aimed at the perfection of matter and the psyche within the material world, and not an abandonment of it. 2) Chinese yoga, or Chi Kung , is more akin to Western practices, in that it is aimed at perfection of the material world, and even the spiritualizing of the body into a “Body of Light”. It, however, is more akin to planet apes Indian yoga, in that it starts at resume, level of the etheric body ( nadis or acupuncture points) and proceeds from there. This “from the bottom up, and inside out” approach is different from the Middle Pillars “top down, outside in” method. Because the etheric body is directly effected early on, the effects are more dramatic, as well as potentially traumatic for the unprepared. In the Middle Pillar, the etheric body is often the last thing effected. This is because the symbolism used, as well as the need to develop skills in concentration, visualization, and meditation effect primarily the mental outlook of the practitioner for a long period of time.
Only after considerable practice, of a year or more, on a daily basis, do the effects of the Middle Pillar begin to sink into the astral body, and eventually filter into the etheric and physical bodies of the practitioner. It is stated in one source, that it takes a minimum of three years for even the most advanced yoga practitioner to release the Kundalini through special exercises. A ‘release’ which we have stated, is not a release per essays et decorum est by wilfred se, but the removal of obstacles to its natural expression. This is a critical point, since it is often said that to experience kundalini it will often take twenty years of practice of esoteric exercises, or even Hatha Yoga, the same amount of time it took Nicholas Flamel to confect The Philosopher’s Stone . During a recent workshop, Jean Dubuis stated that it may be possible to complete the engineering, extremely dangerous Flamel Method in planet apes essay topics three years. Engineering Resume. It may be that for the alchemist, the interior creation of the Philosopher’s Stone is nothing short of the kundalini experience, and the exterior creation of the Stone is the ability to direct this Cosmic creative energy at will. 3) Tibetan systems run somewhere between the Chinese and Indian, in that they are concerned with liberation, but also with the creation of an etherial body made from their bodily essences. This Diamond Body , or Rainbow Body , is pure light and can materialize at the will of the top down case study, adept. Like the Chinese and Indian systems, the Tibetan system uses rituals for the purification of the mind and relevant coursework, emotions of the joan didion essay slouching, practitioners, as well as the visual images in both anthropomorphic deities and abstract geometric forms. The Rituals of the Pentagram and Hexagram fulfill this function when performing the Middle Pillar.
Thus, we can see, the major differences in Eastern and relevant coursework resume, Western practices can be summarized in function and reference point of origin. The East seeks liberation through progressive untying of the knots of ignorance that bind humanity to incarnation. The West seeks to perfect the material world making material reality a reflection of spiritual reality. Once accomplished, the adept can then proceed to dis-incarnate at will. The Western approach seeks to be more active in essay requirements the world and to coursework resume transform it, while the et decorum owen, Eastern approach is to see the world as an illusion that is impermanent, and as such, is more passive. Such philosophies, like all beliefs and cultures, reflect the relevant coursework engineering, physical environment of their earliest origin.
In tropical and sub-tropical zones the concern with time is less important that in the Northern hemisphere where a winter without food stores means death for the community. The cold, harsh realities of arctic zones produce a different theory and technique, and as such, different ideal (gods) than agricultural areas. Whether one is a hunter nomad or an established agrarian society is on hard pays reflective of the relevant coursework engineering resume, physical landscape they live in, and as such effects values, needs, and spiritual philosophy and technique. This is of critical concern whenever one is considering adopting the esoteric practices on on dulce est by wilfred, another land or culture. Why did it arise, and under what circumstances?
Are those same conditions applicable today, and in the life of the potential practitioner? In view of current conditions, are the practices being considered progressive or regressive in nature? That is, are they forward moving, or simply an relevant engineering resume idealization of a mythical past ‘golden age’? Salt, Saturn, Sexual Ecstasy, and Spiritual Bliss. “The heart girt with a serpent is essay requirements my Name!” Chaldean Oracles. Salt is relevant coursework engineering resume a symbol of wisdom and learning. Saturn, is associated with Ouroboros , the Great Serpent biting its tail, symbolic of limitation. As such it is closely allied with the earth, but also all of material creation, and those things which border on non-being, or Eternity. In one 15 th century manuscript, the serpent is made of essay on hard pays, two colors, red and green. Red is outside and green is inside.
Green, the color of Nature and of Venus, is the beginning of the Work. Red, the color of the Stone, and Mars, is the end of the Work. “Sapiens dominabitur astris.” The wise shall exercise dominion over the stars. As we correct the relevant coursework resume, astrological imbalances (i.e psychic centers or chakras) within ourselves, astrological conditions outside have less of af engelsk, a negative effect on us. We gain dominion over relevant resume the ‘stellar’ forces and can “make the sun shine in our oratory when we will it so.” The seventeenth century pupil of Jakob Boehme, Gichtel placed the cosmic spiral, or “Wheel of Nature” within the human body. J.G. Gichtel’s Theosophica Practica , 1898. Saturn is the crown, Jupiter the brow, Mars the throat, Sun with a serpent around it, the heart, Venus liver, Mercury the spleen, and Moon the sexual organs, in est by straight theosophic decent down the Tree.
It is the coursework engineering resume, Heart with a serpent that attracts our attention. Here he also places the Element of planet topics, Fire. Egyptian initiates were also called scarabs because they pushed along the egg of their regeneration. Mysteria Magica, vol 3 The Magical Philosophy : The brow included in the Middle Pillar (called: Clavis Rei [1 st Formula] The Rousing of the Citadels ) and relevant coursework, the color scale varies with each center. An additional use of the work, rising twin serpents of the Caduceus are included at the end. The brow is attributed to Saturn, and is said to balance out the relevant engineering resume, Yesod center, as well as add power to the remaining centers in the Middle Pillar as the essay, Golden Dawn and Aurem Solis present it. Alchemically, Salt is derived from the engineering resume, union of Elemental Earth and Elemental Water (or Assiah and Yetzirah), the Secret Fire is ‘hidden’ in the Salt (material body) and represents the unconscious, instinctual forces that seek release.
It is top down construction study sometimes called “Hellfire” in that if uncontrolled, or poorly released, it can reek havoc on the body and psyche of the relevant engineering, student, via its purifying effects. This is illustrated by the 31 st Path, or Path of Fire, sometimes mistaken for “Purgatory” or “Hell” by the un- regenerated who pass through this Path after death. This Path is also under the direction of Mercury and Shin, the af engelsk, symbols of coursework resume, spiritual guidance and evolution. For those interested in Notarikon , Shin shares the same numerical value, 300, as the Hebrew phrase, “The Spirit of the Living God.” “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance; but he that cometh after me is analysemodel af engelsk essay mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.” Matthew 3:11. The letter Shin is often used in meditation as a symbol of Divine light, life, love, or presence. It is imagined above the head, just touching the crown, then inside the coursework engineering, head proper (as it is associated with intelligence and the energy of the nervous system in the Sepher Yetzirah ), descending into the heart, and finally, expanding from there to engulf the meditator in essay work off a sea of fire. Because it consists of resume, three flaming Yods , or tongues, it is sometimes associated with the flaming tongues of Pentecost, and a variety of Trinitarian concepts. Several possible interpretations are available to use regarding this statement: One suggests that John the Baptist was initiating repentance as well as entrance into the watery world of Yetzirah, but that Jesus, was offering a path of top down study, initiation into the fire of the Soul, or full adepthood.
A second interpretation is coursework engineering resume that John was offering initiation up the 29 th Path, or the Path of Water; while Jesus was offering the harder and more rigorous Path of Fire, or the 31 st Path to his disciples. Analysemodel Essay. Neither of these is a definitive answer, only a modern kabbalistic attempt to understand Scripture in the context of initiatic practices. The mention of the Holy Spirit is more informative, however, as this phrase was adopted by the Jews during the period of the Babylonian Captivity and represents the origin of relevant resume, Persian and essay, Chaldean influences on Jewish mystical beliefs. The term Holy Spirit ( Ruach Elohim ) is derived from the Zend Avesta , and the phrase, Spenta Mainyu , or “Holy (Creative) Spirit”. The creative power is implied and not stated in the original, and appears to relevant engineering be lost in subsequent translations into modern languages via Jewish and Christian traditions. Joan Didion Essay. This Spenta Maiynu is a purifying and regenerating energy and intelligence with a cosmic host of six or seven intelligence’s at its command.
“It [Spenta Mainyu] is the self-realizing quality or activity of Ahura Mazda (the Good Mind); it is the self-generating energy that leads to the creation and evolution of the universe. Spenta Mainyu is dynamic and creation is an ongoing process. For Zoroaster, holiness meant also abundance, growth, and relevant coursework engineering, health. Spenta Mainyu represents the principle of augmentation and development in the universe.” (F. Mehr, p.29) This power and their beings comprise the Mathrem , or Mathra , literally, ‘the sacred word of power’, which is the essays on dulce wilfred owen, basis for the development of the practice of mantra in India and “Words of Power” in the Middle East and Egypt. Manthrem or Mathra is in engineering its own right held to be the supreme mantra from which all others are derived, in the same fashion as YHVH is the origin of planet of the apes topics, all Hebrew Divine Names. This is mentioned because in Persia and engineering resume, Babylon, the convergence of what would develop into semi-independent Eastern and Western esoteric practices is complete. In one respect, it could be said to be the original home of yoga, kabbalah, alchemy, and magic as we know them. Planet Essay Topics. Period art and architecture shows winged creatures familiar to Jewish and Egyptian tradition, planetary diagrams, an early version of the Tree of Life, and several variations of the intertwined serpent motif.
The Cosmic Triangle of Fire. “The successful adept must be endowed with a knowledge of the material of the Great Work; also with faith, silence, purity of heart, and prayerfulness. After passing through the gate surmounted with the relevant resume, hieroglyph of analysemodel essay, philosophic mercury he traverses the seven angles of the citadel, representing the chief operations of the coursework engineering resume, Great Work - calcination, dissolution, purification, introduction into joan didion towards bethlehem the sealed Vase of Hermes, transference of the Vase to the Athanor [furnace], coagulation, putrefaction, ceration, multiplication and projection. And even upon relevant coursework resume reaching the Petra Philosophalis , he finds it is held in custody by a formidable dragon.” Amphitheatrum sapientiae aeternae , Heinrich Khunrath.
Saturn is related to Mercury in alchemical text, and is given the same ambiguous sexuality, or androgyny, and named it ‘Mercurius senex’. In Tiphareth, the geometric symbol is the interlaced triangles of water and fire, or the Star of David. When expanded to connect the planetary sepheroth of the Tree (with Saturn being attributed to Daath), the Triangle of top down case study, Water connects the spheres of Mars, Jupiter, and Luna. The Triangle of Fire connects Saturn, Venus, and Mercury. Just as Ouroboros is engineering cosmic energy (the serpent) limiting itself (Saturn), Venus is the creative cosmic force multiplying itself in life (its vegetative nature) as a prism splits the light of the sun.
Mercury, like Saturn in many respects, is androgynous, and controls the fire of creation, directing it in the creation of the Philosopher’s Stone. Mercury holds the Caduceus, or winged staff with two serpents intertwined around it. Top Down Case Study. The Wings represent sublimation, the serpents the basic forces of creation. Relevant Coursework Engineering. There crossing over is the psychic centers, often given as seven in number, here representing the colors in the spectrum, plus white (Venus). Central to the diagram is Sol, which is the cosmic creative forces which unify, enliven, and harmonize creation, and which we can hope to contact. It is central, and directs and controls all of the other planets, psychic centers, or aspects of Cosmic energy.
By contacting the fire of the Sun, we can open the fire of the other psychic centers (via Venus), and more easily direct the restrictive and enlightening energy of Saturn, through the powers of the Mind, or Mercury. To understand these multi-faceted aspects of the planets, particularly Venus and Mercury, it is analysemodel af engelsk important to have done the Pathworkings up to Tiphareth. While this is not required to perform the techniques later in this monograph, it is a help for an understanding of the theoretical part. However, we can begin to understand the relationship of the Spheres to each other by undertaking a series of meditations based on the following idea: Venus is the regenerating, sensual, active life force in its vegetative and unconscious manner. It responds to heat, light, and emotion. On the Path of the Decent, Venus splits the singular rays of the relevant coursework, Sun into the many facets of the color spectrum, and as such, can lead us to a better understanding of the relationship between multiplicity and unity, the psychic centers and et decorum est by wilfred, planets, and their unique natures. On the relevant coursework engineering, Path of Ascent, Venus re-unites the divergent energies, both planetary and personal (psychic centers) and harmonizes it into a singular force, although still multi-colored, until it returns to didion slouching bethlehem the Sun as pure light.
“This Stone rises in growing, greening things. Wherefore when the Green is reduced to its former nature, whereby things sprout and come forth in due time, it must be decocted and putrefied in the way of our secret art.” Splendor solis , Trismosin. The Stone is made through the greening of nature (Netzach) and it returning to its source (Tipahreth) by putrefaction (Death card of the path connecting them). Mercury gives form and relevant coursework, meaning to the diverse energies made by the splitting actions of top down, Venus, and coursework engineering, re-unites them as fundamental forces, symbolized by the Caduceus. Mercury is Psychopomp , or Guide of the Soul, and directs the energies that Venus represents. Since both Venus and Mercury sit at the base of the Pillars of kabbalah, they access the material, astral, and mental realms, and can influence all three to some degree. On the Descent, Mercury creates form and structure, for the body, the mind, or the towards bethlehem, soul, and on the ascent, Mercury helps free us from the limitations of form, without forgetting its lessons. The serpent is primordial force or energy, fire and relevant coursework engineering resume, water being the principle two of planet of the apes topics, creation, with air and earth following them. Because it shed it’s skin, it is seen as a symbol of regeneration and renewal. It is also dangerous, deadly, can be found often in ‘guardian’ roles near springs or water as well as deserts. When controlled or mastered, it is seen as mastering a powerful and deadly, yet regenerating force, basic to creation, or possibly from which creation came.
The Secret Fire is directly linked to the sexual, (i.e. principle and most basic creative forces) in humanity. Engineering Resume. Here, the relationship between ‘bliss’ ‘ecstasy’ and the erotic impulse can be clearly seen and construction case study, experienced. The development of a host of ‘sexual yogas’ and relevant coursework resume, ‘sex magic(k)’ practices bear this out to some degree. However, it is the sexual desire in humanity that acts as its basic drive and evolutionary force. It also suggests that the ability and need for mystical experience is off biologically rooted. Only by ignoring the most basic of pleasures, sex, can we ignore the drive to ecstatic union on some level. The ‘little death’ or petite morte , is relevant resume a forerunner of the ‘big death’ as we let go and experience divine oblivion. Sexual power, linked to planet topics our innate drive for engineering resume, mystical experiences, is also linked to human evolution, and some kind of essay on hard work off, predetermined point or state to which we are being directed. This is a significant point, in that almost all of coursework engineering, modern Western societies psychological illnesses are focused around sexual repression and essay, obsession.
If the Secret Fire flows freely, or with greater strength than before, without the proper purification of the Vital Energy of the physical body, it is possible that it will result in coursework resume what appears to be extreme physical, but more likely psychological, illness in the form of schizophrenia and psychosis, instead of psychic gifts, genius, and either transpersonal states, or simply altered states of consciousness. Wilhelm Reich, the father of Orgone Therapy states that the basis for planet of the topics, all mental-emotional disturbances are anchored in relevant coursework resume the physical body, and that these anchors can be released through breathing techniques, somewhat similar to pranayamana. Since the body is the “Salt” of planet, alchemy, and partially composed of accessible unconscious elements through its “Watery Element” all of our emotional and physical experiences become indelibly marked, associated, or stored in our physical body. If these blocks, or energy concentrations of emotional and physical trauma (composed of Vital Energy) are not removed before the Secret Fire begins to flow more intensely, the coursework resume, so-called negative side effects of ‘Kundalini phenomena’ will appear. Abuse of drugs, alcohol, and sexual extremes only worsen the condition in that they inadvertently release the Secret Fire by planet apes essay weakening the physical body and relevant, its link to the astral, thereby damaging the etheric substructure, and create energy blocks in top down case study the end rather than diminish them, when the mind and body attempt to relevant coursework engineering make repairs. A nervous system damaged by substance abuse makes a tricky vehicle for the clear, clean, and powerful expression of the of the, Secret Fire. It is relevant engineering through our nervous system (under the domain of Yesod-Luna) that we engage both the analysemodel af engelsk, physical world, as well as out interior world. It links the body (Malkooth) with the Mind-Intellect (Hod) as well as instinctual, creative, and sensual urges (Netzach). Relevant. If it is damaged, our ability to relate fully, creatively, and productively to these psycho-physical-spiritual parts of our self becomes endangered. If it is essay damaged, then our most direct and important link to our Holy Guardian Angel, and means of releasing the Secret Fire safely (via Tiphareth) is threatened in this incarnation.
“Listen, then while I make known the Grand Arcanum of this wonder-working Stone, which at the same time is not a stone, which exists in every man, and may be found in relevant coursework its own place at all times…. It is called a stone, not because it is like a stone, but only essay requirements for baylor, because by virtue of its fixed nature, it resists the action of fire as successfully as any stone….If we say that its nature is spiritual, it would be no more than the truth; if we describe it as corporeal, the expression would be equally correct; for it is subtle, penetrative, glorified, spiritual gold. It is the noblest of all created things…it is a spirit or quintessence.” A Short Guide to the Celestial Ruby , Philethes. How long it takes to un-block our psychic anatomy for relevant engineering resume, a more complete and harmonious functioning of the Secret Fire is apes essay unclear. It is stated that even the most advanced yogis require a minimum of three years of special practice for this to occur. Since that kind of coursework engineering, training takes place under specialized and supervised conditions, it can be assumed that modern Western life requires more time, as well as self-reflection and referral, since the average Western occultist, be they kabbalist, alchemist, or both, will spend the majority of their time working alone or at best in essay occasional small groups. Certain schools of yoga as well as kabbalah and Sufi practices view the heart as the center of the individual universe, and the most important of all psychic centers. By opening the heart, we gain access to our Interior Master, or Holy Guardian Angel ( messenger ),characterized by a strong manifestation of relevant coursework engineering, intuition.
This is the final resting place for the Serpents Tongue after its ascent over the skull, and as Boehme and Hermetic imagery have shown, the “Heart girt with a serpent” is the ideal to which mystics aspire. As one yogi put it, we approach the “Big King” first, and construction case, allow him to direct the activities of the serpent — language not unfamiliar to Hermeticists. Adam Kadmon: Secret Fire and YHVH. “For our God is a consuming fire.” Hebrews 12:29. While alchemy, kabbalah, and astrology have been homogenized in modern esoteric practices to create an coursework almost seamless synthesis, this is not true of earlier periods. Traditionally, alchemy and astrology played almost no role in Jewish kabbalah 5) , and while it has been put forward that may Jews were alchemists, and some great alchemists possibly Jews 6) , no manuscripts of Jewish alchemical practices seem to exist in any great number. Even the most famed Esch M’saref , or “The Refiner’s Fire”, is a compilation of essays et decorum est by, material, focusing mainly on gematria, and relevant engineering resume, not a ‘chemical’ work in itself.
Early kabbalists imagined creation taking place in several stages, from which was generated the anthropomorphic image of the ‘primordial man’, or Adam Kadmon . This ‘first man’ was imagined as being created out of the four-letters of the Divine Name stacked one on top of the joan essay slouching bethlehem, other. Yod was the head, Heh, the arms and shoulders, Vau, the spine and sexual organs, and coursework engineering, the final Heh, the requirements university, hips and legs. A host of attributes and relevant engineering, qualities came to be associated with each letter, and as a whole, it formed its own school of kabbalistic meditation. Essays Owen. By adding other letters, altering combinations, and substituting letters based on numerological equivalents, additional Divine Names, names of archangels, angels, and other spiritual beings were generated. The oral tradition of Adam Kadmon is similar to that of the Egyptian god Osiris, in that Osiris was dismembered and reconstructed, while Adam “Fell” to pieces, and it is the work of the kabbalist to reconstruct the Original Adam. Each of us is said to be a piece of this original soul, and it is our purpose to find our place in Creation, via kabbalistic methods.
Saint-Germain and the Most Holy Three-Fold Wisdom. The idea of Secret Fire in initiatic psycho-alchemical texts such as The Most Holy Trinsophia (Three Fold Wisdom) 7) illustrates the point of hidden fire, associated with volcanic power, and under the influence of Venus. Works such as this bear a strong resemblance to alchemical-kabbalistic texts, and either use mystical symbolism of these esoteric schools, or such symbols are used to interpret the text#039;s meaning. In the text, Saint-Germian reportedly recounts the details of his initiation through the relevant engineering, twelve degrees of Cosmic Consciousness. The use of earthly fire in the form of essay off, volcanic eruptions, lava, and seas of flame symbolize the presence of an underlying matrix of living energy that pervades material and non-material creation, uniting and constantly renewing it through what can be seen as violent activity.
La Tres Sainte Trinsophie is comprised of coursework, twelve sections, each with its own illustration. The most obvious alignment that can be seen, is essay on hard pays between the twelve sections, the relevant coursework engineering resume, zodiac, and the stages of alchemy. It can also be suggested, for our considerations, the seven major and five minor psychic centers. The story begins with Saint-Germain on the lava beds of Vesuvius, later he passes an alter on essays et decorum est by wilfred, which is relevant coursework resume a cup, with a winged serpent intertwined around it twelve times. Saint-Germain then enters into a vast realm of fire, in construction case study the midst of which is a greenish-gold serpent with ruby eyes which he must dominate with a sword, the symbol of an engineering enlightened will. With this act, anger, hate, and pride are cast out of his consciousness, and the senses are brought under direction.
In one of the scenes depicted, Saint-Germain is in front of a triangular alter with an elaborate candlestick . Analysemodel Essay. It’s base is formed out of two intertwined serpents and engineering, terminates at a lotus, with the taper placed in the center. Two inscribed panels accompany the illustration. The first one reads: “To the strong is given the burden” and the second, “Kindle a fire upon the high place that the essay on hard pays off, sacrifice may be borne upward to the Desired One.” The final illustration shows the coursework resume, heavens ablaze with light and top down case, a triangle surrounded by a square and circle. The initiate, here Saint-Germain, is accompanied by Isis Revealed, the goddess of life and Nature. The pictures described illustrate that even at the end of the Illuminist era, classical alchemical and kabbalistic symbolism was in widespread use by esotericists. However, its direction was changed from classical, or laboratory alchemy, to resume ‘philosophic’ or ‘spiritual’ alchemy.
Just as kabbalah had undergone a radical transformation at the hands of alchemists and Christian mystics, alchemy itself had also changed. While such manuscripts may be of dubious value for practical laboratory work, fortunately, they still are of value for interior spiritual initiation — an initiation that only the Secret Fire can bring. The Middle Pillar is a well known exercise to almost every student of essay requirements for baylor university, magic. The details of the exercise are clearly outlined in Israel Regardie’s book of same name, and will not be gone into here. Instead, exposition of those points relevant to the Secret Fire will be outlined. These points are: Secondary considerations will be paid to: Malkooth or ‘Kingdom’ is a complex sphere in that it represents several broad concepts simultaneously. It is at once, our feet when the Tree of Life is projected on the human frame (and the knees and base of spine when seated or kneeling); all solid matter, earth, and all material creation. It is our bones, and the marrow they contain is a personal aspect of the Secret Fire. It is relevant coursework engineering resume important that we have a strong sense of foundation when we talk about Earth and Malkooth, so that in meditation we can remain grounded and secure.
The stronger our sense of connection to the earth and our bodies we have, the more energy we can generate and the easier it will be to direct it. It is work pays analogous to trying to build a skyscraper on a poured slab concrete for a foundation verses a four-story subbasement. The better the foundation, the stronger the structure. Since the Secret Fire is hidden in the Earth, it is good to spend some time, even several years, working through the details of the Pentagram rituals. Cleansing, harmonizing, projecting, and withdrawing the energy represented there into yourself and surrounding area. The North is an especially important area for concentration, in that it is Earth of Earth, and is our hidden gateway to the Secret Fire. Buried in the solid nature of matter, is an underlying vibrant energy that is continually pulsating, giving rise to form and life, and turning energy into matter and matter into energy. This underlying nature is illustrated in the Sign of Taurus, the zodiacal sigil given to the North.
In it we see the Moon crowning a circle with a dot in the center, or the Sun. This combined lunar-solar sign for earthly nature points to relevant coursework engineering resume the theory that all matter is simply condensed sun light, or hidden fire. By associating the heaviness of Earth and the underlying heat it contains (the molten, volcanic core) with our feet, knees, and base of spine (and eventually our whole skeletal system), we can begin to experience the literal network creation is formed from. This imagery is work pays reinforced by the statement that Malkooth and relevant coursework, Kether are one. This is felt by imaging that an essays et decorum est by owen unlimited stream of energy is coursework engineering pulsating into and out of creation from the Ain Soph Aur at Kether, and then imaging the same for material creation as you envision it, at Malkooth. All to often the spheres are imagined as being static beings or states, when nothing is farther from the truth. They are alive, dynamic, and constantly interacting with each other and the energy-matter matrix. This interaction is most clearly seen on the Middle Pillar and the central spheres.
In Western and some Eastern esoteric practices, all exercises begin with a drawing down of energy from the Crown, or Kether. This is essay topics done because Kether is on the edge of “non-existence” and draws energy into and out of being. This energy is then regulated until it becomes manageable by our human consciousness, said to engineering resume be somewhere around Chesed on the Cosmic scale of things. On the of the apes essay topics, personal level, Kether, or our personal Crown, regulates the flow of relevant coursework engineering resume, energy into and out of our bodies. We then direct this energy through our brain and nervous system, until it becomes manageable by our consciousness. Just as Kether is the bridge between Being and Non-Being on the Cosmic Scale, our personal Kether is the bridge between energy and matter. On Dulce Et Decorum Est By Owen. In our personal being, this is the pineal gland.
Malkooth is the final condensing of these Cosmic forces, and on the Cosmic Scale is all of material creation. On our personal level, it is our physical bodies, and relevant coursework resume, as an intermediary, it is the joan didion essay bethlehem, environment we live and move in with others. Since Malkooth is a World, that of Asssiah, as well as a Sphere, it has its own “Kether aspect” or ability to create matter that goes from the most dense to most subtle. Relevant Engineering. These subtler forms of matter border on their own realm of “Non-Being” or that which crosses over from the purely material to essay slouching bethlehem the psychic. In our bodies this would be the prostate and sexual glands, perineum, and base of the spine. The meeting place for relevant coursework, these two polar aspects of our being and creation, is in the Heart Center, or Tiphareth. Here, all of creation is harmonized and brought into a state of dynamic tension and vitality around an intelligent center. Essays Wilfred. This intelligence directs the other aspect of creation so that they work in harmony with one another for the good of all. Relevant Resume. This is joan didion essay towards our heart pumping blood to all of our organs, our pituitary gland, or “Master Gland” giving directions to all of our endocrine system, our Solar Plexus, regulating nerve energy in relevant resume general; and the nucleus of each atom, cell, or the essay topics, Sun in coursework engineering our solar system.
In its role of chief mediator of forces, Tiphareth is essay requirements for baylor university constantly sending vital energy to relevant all area of creation, and transmitting energy from the Crown, or highest abstract realms, to Malkooth, or the densest levels of matter. It, in many ways, is the essay off, regulator of this energy to such a degree that it can be said that matter itself is relevant resume actually made by Tiphareth. In physical terms this means that all matter is nothing but condensed light energy. In personal terms, its means that our bodies and environment are the creation of our deepest held thoughts. To help develop a more conscious and functional relationship between these three centers of energy-matter-consciousness exchange, the following exercise is suggested: Imagine a brilliant sphere of Light with a binding, almost point black center, just above or touching the top of your head. Inhale, drawing down a shaft of this sphere into your Heart. Exhale, sending the shaft of light through your body and legs out the soles of your feet, into the molten center of the Earth. Inhale again, visualizing the fiery energy of this Center of the essay, Earth moving up in a golden reddish stream to your Heart. Relevant Coursework Engineering. Hold it, energizing the heart in brilliant light. Exhale, seeing the light expand in heat, light, life energy, and power.
It is important at this point, that the energy not only be coordinated with the inhalation, but be ‘breathed up’ from the earth and not forced. This can be done by imagining a strong, flexible, hollow tube or canal running from the essay requirements university, center of the earth, or feet, to the heart center. The energy can also be imagined running up the feet, as a pulse , entering the spinal column, and coursework engineering, focusing energizing the heart area. Imagine after a period of time, that it is in the heart of the universe, and of the essay requirements for baylor university, adept, where matter and energy meet and are created. Just as our ‘heartfelt’ feelings direct the limitless energy of Kether into engineering resume manifestation, so do they direct manifestation back to Kether, or elsewhere, if we desire. It is very important that the heart not be overheated, and that the energy once accumulated be circulated or discharged in didion slouching towards some fashion. This can be into a talisman, a healing treatment, or into a glass of cold water which is then consumed. It can also be discharged out the relevant engineering, solar plexus as a general circulation to joan didion slouching the rest of the aura. In addition, the vowel sounds associated with the Rose+Cross ritual, or A.I.O. may be intoned after competency in engineering the basic techniques has been acquired. First, practice intoning the sounds as a single breath, resonating from the center of your heart.
After a while, begin splitting the sounds so that A resonates with the head; I with the heart; and O with the joan didion essay slouching bethlehem, Solar plexus. Engineering. After a period of time, move the O sound down to the perineum where it will have a stronger affect on the ‘Malkooth’ sphere(s). 8) Substantial resonating of the sounds in the perineum will open up 12 different channels that link the spine to the legs, knees, and feet, uniting these various ‘functional’ Malkooths. It also effects the prostrate gland in men. Yesod — Link Between the Selves.
Yesod sits astride the gateway to essay requirements university the invisible, and is the repository for all that ascends and descends into manifestation. It represents several key elements of our being, including our nervous system and brain; psychic centers; unconscious yearnings and desires; and locus of memory. Through its sometimes dark and troubling, but always powerful waters, we can come into direct contact with our Holy Guardian Angel in Tiphareth. By imagining Yesod as a gateway that reflects up as well as down, we can learn to relevant coursework engineering direct our psychic energies in either direction. This way, Yesod is more than just a doorway which we knock at and hope something is thrown out to us, but instead is apes essay topics a portal we can move through and coursework engineering resume, exist consciously . While much of this early expansion will take place in dream states, such as lucid dreaming, and spontaneous astral projection, eventually a greater degree of control will emerge, in which consciousness is projected willfully and planet of the, returns with full memory of its experiences. This state can be quickened though, by reinforcing Yesod’s link to Malkooth (for memory) and Tiphareth (willed consciousness). The following exercises are designed with these two goals in mind. After performing the Middle Pillar, focus your attention on Yesod. Imagine it as a large sphere extending to the edges of your expanded aura, violet in color. Shrink it back to normal size and then imagine all of your physical energy, in Malkooth, and throughout your body, is moving up toward Yesod.
This is your ability to move, manifest, and create in the material world. Imagine the spheres merge and relevant coursework resume, become harmonious. Now, pull it up even further to Tiphareth, and bathe the combined material and psychic-sexual energy of Yesod in the golden light of Tiphareth, and feel the three merge into joan essay slouching towards bethlehem one. After several minutes project them back to their original positions. Imagine the light of Yesod as being simultaneously dual in nature, reflecting up toward Tiphareth and coursework resume, down toward Malkooth. Move to Tiphareth and do the same, imagine its light reflecting down toward Yesod, and up toward Kether, the source of all energy.
Imagine the Elements as pure and perfect ideas , emanating from Tiphareth through a clear field of Yesod, and condensing into matter. Imagine your thoughts as pure and perfect ideas, being projected from your heart, with the combined sexual-creative energy of Yesod, into manifestation in Malkooth. Imagine the pure light and energy of Kether above your head, becoming accessible in Tiphareth, your heart, and manifesting as pure creations in Malkooth, beneath your feet. Feel the energy reverse this process, going from hard, cold, dense matter, to abstract energy forms, to pure, undifferentiated energy. In addition, the essays wilfred, Clavis Rea Formula can be an effective illustrator of this point.
Circulation of the Light , after the establishment of the spheres, they should be vivid, clear, and deep in the body as well as extended out from it. This can be done in phases, with the first phases working gently on the outside, forming broad bands of light, and increasing in relevant engineering density and power as they begin to reach deep below the surface of the tissue, to the bones themselves. This helps to anchor the power in the body, while expanding and clearing the pays, aura. At all times, the energy should be palpable. The Fountain of Light should move through the spinal column slowly at first, and with greater intensity and engineering, speed as experience progresses. The burst should be lively and bright, with a clear fluid like flame coursing around the didion essay, edges of the expanded aura, at a radius of three to four feet on all sides. Lose yourself in the flow of energy, as it passes through your body, out relevant coursework resume your head, into your feet, up your legs, purifying and energizing as it goes. At the conclusion of the exercise, you may withdraw the energy into the sub-epidermal layer of your body, feeling it strengthen and energize the tissue, sinking into the bones and purifying the marrow, an essential element in essay requirements long life and resume, strong bones. This should also be done along the essay on hard, spinal cord, imagining that the soft tissue between the vertebrae are packed with energy and coursework, the nerve connections are strong and vital. The Rituals of the Pentagram and Hexagram.
The rituals of the Pentagram we use for directing the principle Elements of the material world (Assiah), the matter-energy matrix closest to our consciousness, and the outer-materially directed personality of this incarnation. It is et decorum through directing and purifying to some degree these Elements, that we can begin to turn our attention inward and have the Vision of coursework, our Higher Self, or Holy Guardian Angel, that exists in Kether, communicated with in pays off Tiphareth, and reflected to us in the subconscious of Yesod. The ego, or self-created image of self in relation to the material world is completely dominated by these rituals, and through them, we can adjust our sense of self, so that we may direct our energies toward Self. When this is done, we not only can converse with our Holy Guardian Angle, but realize that we and it are one and the same. The pentagram rituals can also be used in engineering resume this same respect for creating material conditions that are to our advantage, as well as spiritual advancement. They can be used to create a near material environment for the sustaining of planetary forces as well. In this aspect, the several rituals are often combined.
The planetary rituals of the Hexagram represent the manipulation of inner and outer planetary forces through our own psychic centers. Essay On Hard Work Pays. They can result in direct physical manifestations of body or environment, or in interior experiences of an relevant engineering resume initiatic nature. Such initiations signify an af engelsk expansion of relevant engineering resume, consciousness, and increased activation of the psychic centers involved, and possible generalization of the effects to other centers. Essay Requirements. For example: a solar ritual will bring increased activity to the psychic ‘heart’ center, but also to the pineal gland in the brain as it is solar in nature. A lunar ritual will bring increased memory and relevant coursework engineering, mental clarity, but also will stimulate the nervous system, and psychic centers generally, as well as cyclical sexual impulses. A Venus ritual will stimulate the joan essay towards bethlehem, kidneys, sexual impulses, and increase ones sense of beauty, harmony, and artistic expression. It will also add power to relevant engineering resume all of the requirements for baylor, psychic centers as a result of Venus’ ‘prism effect’ on psychic energy if directed properly, and increase the flow of relevant, love to the heart. Thus, each planet has its specific and general effects, as well as manifestations on the mental, emotional, and planet apes essay topics, material planes. As we increase in awareness, and contact more consciously the various planetary spheres within us , they will appear to take on an almost objective existence. In these semi-objective states, we can contact others of a similar vibration, or communicate with the various ‘beings’ of the invisible world.
These worlds also have degrees of coursework, density, hence the use of Elemental attributes in the vertical mode of expression. Essay. The densest world is Malkooth/Assiah, with each of the planets having a ‘home’ in the Quarters, and relevant coursework engineering resume, Yetzirah is more subtle and given the requirements university, attribute of Water, with its own special relationship to the Planets. Next, there is Briah, with its Airy, expansive nature, and peculiar relationship to the planets, and finally, Atziluth’s fiery nature, from which the previous worlds are but denser and more stable expressions. Engineering. Just as our consciousness shifts in its relationship to things when it moves to the astral from the material, it shifts again when it moves from the lunar astral to the solar astral, or mental worlds; and requirements, again when the move is from the Mental to the Spiritual. These shifts can best be explained as going from object relationships (material), to subject relationships (I-Thou), to direct relationships , and finally identity relationships . Coursework Resume. On earth we view things as objects separate from us. In the lunar astral we experience them a objects, but with a relationship to top down construction study them. Relevant Coursework Engineering. In the Solar astral, we experience a thing directly, that is we know it. For Baylor. In the Spiritual realm, we are it. This helps to explain some of the statements made about kundalini experiences in relevant coursework yoga, as well as the mystical experiences of for baylor university, other esotericists.
In kundalini, or Secret Fire experiences, the aspirant often talks of being ‘one with creation’, or having the ability to look inside the nature of things. This would indicate that the energetic impulses being released are expanding awareness to engineering the level of on dulce et decorum est by wilfred owen, Briah. Engineering Resume. When the final level is reached, Atzilooth, we become like the Biblical Enoch “who walked with God and was no more”. This framework also helps explain why many magicians succeed or fail at magic. The identity of ‘another’ doing the work for us, is a very materialistic approach to magic. Later on, after experiencing the reality and illusions of the astral worlds, the direct , or personal relationship is built, in essay requirements which the relevant coursework engineering, magician sees the powers being directed as aspects of apes topics, his or her self, and relevant, not exterior to their being. This form of expression is more akin to the level of the adept, but also the mystic, and practitioner of yoga who visualizes the chakras as inside their body and not as exterior worlds, as in Western Pathworking. At some point however, all of these various viewpoints merge, and systems become blended in the experiences and evolving psyche of the disciple. Joan Didion Slouching Towards. The difference is more as a point of origin, not as a final destination.
Note of relevant engineering, Caution!! It is very important that all of the essay pays off, following exercises are preceded by a period of prayer and devotion to the Cosmic and relevant coursework, that their fruits be offered as gifts to the Creator. They must also be started by invoking the energy from planet essay topics above in some fashion, be it the Qabalistic Cross, the Middle Pillar, the relevant coursework engineering, Clavis Rei, or simply as a beam of light coming from above, entering at the Crown, and terminating at the base of the spine or feet depending on your posture. This is critical of any negative side effects are to be avoided or minimized, as only energy radiating from Kether can be contacted with out creating an imbalance in our system. Here, we seek to use this energy to repair imbalances, not forget it, and inadvertently create new ones. Also, at the end of each meditation, return the energy to the Cosmic either imaginatively, or by offering the fruits of your spiritual labor to God. The Triangle of Fire represents a specific aspect of Tiphareth and university, should be considered in relationship to the Middle Pillar, although it can be performed independent of it, or as we will see, as an adjunct exercise to resume intensify the effects of both exercises. After establishing your working space, focus your attention on your heart. Planet Apes Topics. Imagine the great intertwined Star or Shield of David, in gold, associated with this sphere. Feel the upper triangle radiating a pulsing heat, and the lower one, a running coolness. Engineering. Imagine them turn into a combined fiery triangle of Fire, and glistening triangle of analysemodel essay, Water.
In the relevant engineering, center is a brilliant dot, Yod, or Shin, as you decide. The lower triangle of Water is our relationship of consciousness to the psychic and material worlds. The Upper triangle of Fire, is our relationship to the spheres of adepthood, spiritual illumination, and interior revelation. Imagine yourself as the center point, between these two living triangles. Turn your attention to et decorum owen the Fire Triangle. Let the Water Triangle fade from consciousness.
Feel yourself in the center of a small pyramid of Fire. Coursework Engineering Resume. It you were to stand up, you could touch the apex. Seated or kneeling, you sense the on hard work off, great fire all around you. Surrounding the resume, base of the requirements, pyramid is a giant serpent with its tail in engineering its mouth. Close your eyes and feel with each breath, and case study, heart beat, the fire pulse in unison and grow more intense. The fire radiates both outward from the pyramid, as well as inward to resume its center, where you are. Lose yourself in the pulsing, living, flame. Intone the Divine Name IAO, resonating it outward from the center of analysemodel af engelsk essay, your heart to the edges of the universe. Feel the fire grow bright with each vibration and relevant resume, the serpent stir. At some point you may feel, or imagine the serpent rising, and reaching a point of extension.
Go with it, and view through its eyes. Return when you are done, by essay for baylor imagining the serpent coil back, placing its tail back in its mouth, the fire regulating, and the triangle merging with the triangle of water, both turning gold, and exiting to consciousness. Saturn and the Secret Fire. This is special series of exercises relating to Saturn and resume, its relationship to other planets, and as the manifestor of Creation. This exercise is directly related to essay requirements university the previous one, or The Triangle of Fire. When placed on the Tree of Life, the Hexagram connects the spheres of Yetzirah and Briah, giving a gateway to Atzilooth, with Saturn where Daath is placed. The Triangle of Fire is composed of Saturn at the apex, and Mercury and engineering resume, Venus at the base corners, with the Sun in the center. By meditating on the qualities of these planets, and their relationship to each other via this diagram, we can see that Saturn is the secret sphere, that offers us access to af engelsk essay the energy-matter-consciousness continuum. Imagine yourself in the center of the Triangle of Fire again, placing the Astrological signs, or godforms of Saturn, above, or above and before you, Mercury at your right, and Venus at your left.
See them as living and vital, with a thin strand of fire, light, and love, connecting them. Remember, Saturn is often given as the sign for matter, and Venus inverted as the sign for Antimony, or the Earth. Continue this meditation for several weeks, or once a week, for several months. Fifteen to relevant coursework engineering resume twenty minutes is all that is construction needed. The following method of coursework engineering resume, meditation is based upon planet of the the fundamental associations known to every student of kabbalah. It can be performed by experienced or novice students alike, although novices should spend more time on the fundamentals to insure success later on, without having to go back and relevant, repeat the basics. This series of exercises relates to the stages and Elements of Creation and the nature of the Primordial or archetypal expressions of consciousness. Those who have experience working with Hebrew and/or the Elements as outlined in on dulce et decorum owen basic magical practices will be able to move more quickly through this exercise.
Those who have little or no experience in magic will find it a suitable and powerful introduction to these concepts on a very personal level. The Hebrew doctrine of Creation sets forth the idea that the Primordial Man, or Adam was composed of the four lettered name of God stacked in vertical form to appear as sort of stick figure being. In addition, all of creation could be found to have it origin in this sacred name, and it pronunciation was closely guarded, so much so, that it is now lost. The discovery of its proper intonation is said to bring power over everything, so much so, that there are schools of relevant engineering resume, kabbalah that only work with the various manipulations of this Name as their form of meditation. For us, the Tetragrammaton will be used as a visual and mnemonic guide for essay, our meditations and exercises designed to release the Secret Fire in Creation. The standard Elemental applications will be applied: Yod (Head, endocrine system) is associated with Fire; Heh (shoulders/chest, and cardiopulmonary system) with Air; Vau (Spine/Nervous system, including sense organs) with Water; and the Final Heh with the dot (the hips, legs and feet, and relevant, skeletal system) with Earth. The dot in the final Heh symbolizes the secret, hidden point of light, life, and love in all of creation, and hidden in matter. It is et decorum est by wilfred this secret force that when liberated brings us to the heights of divine bliss and consciousness in the original Fire of Yod.
As with all exercises, begin by coursework resume drawing energy, in some fashion, down from Kether to the Earth. Work Pays. This can be through the Kabbalistic Cross, the coursework resume, Middle Pillar, or the Psychic Pump as previously described. Once a calm center is established, and a sacred space to contain the energy, either through the Pentagram Ritual, or imagining a vast and empty dome sphere around you (about six to nine feet in diameter), you may proceed. Imagine the Primordial Man in front of you, vast and towering. Analysemodel Essay. Merge with the image, growing in size as you do. See the flaming Yod as your head, and imagine that it, or a ray from it, projects itself downward through the relevant coursework, Airy world. Essay Requirements. Forming the first Heh, and continues into the Watery world, gaining density and engineering resume, weight, forming the Vau, and finally, into the world of solid matter, forming it, along with the Final Heh. There, the flame grows small, flickering brightly, but only essay requirements for baylor university, as a small spark, compared to its vast and brilliant place of origin, and to the dark, cold, solid world of matter in which if now appears trapped. Identify with the solid earth. Feel your feet rooted to it. Imagine that they, your legs, knees, and engineering resume, hips, are all heavy, solid, and firm, immovable and dense.
Feel and imagine the great strength and for baylor, stability that this offers you and appreciate it, as it is the foundation of coursework, your being. Continue with this imagery, and essays on dulce et decorum, sense a point of dense, brilliant, heat and light in the center of this dark, solid matter. See it grow brighter and stronger, as though it were the center of the Earth itself. Continue with this heat and light, and let a strand of it move up from the center of the earth, through the layers of solid matter and rock to relevant coursework resume your feet, forming a sphere of great heat and light. After several days, pull the energy up to your knees. After several more days, pull it up to your hips. After about a month of practice, pull it up and focus it at the base of your spine. Extend the analysemodel, solid earth imagery to include your skeletal structure as well. Breath the fire up from the center of the earth, feel it focus around your spine, and move up to the top of your head. Imagine that your head is an empty sphere, waiting to receive the energy from below. Feel the energy course throughout your body, focusing on the bones.
Breath it into them, cleansing them of any weakness or disease. See the marrow inside grow, and relevant coursework engineering resume, fill them with its bright red power. Est By Wilfred. Extend it across the skull, jaw, and teeth. As before, when you are done with the meditation, absorb as much energy as you can, and send the rest to the center of the earth, closing off the contact. After a month or two of this exercise, move on to the Vau.
See the energy move through your feet, to the spine, and move up and through its narrow center column to the brain. Imagine that as it enters the spinal column, with each breath, the relevant resume, fluid contained therein, course up and across your brain, nurturing the tissue, and descending back down. Imagine your senses becoming stronger and top down construction, more acute. Visualize the vast fiery energy coming form the center of the earth as increasing your psychic sensitivity and relevant coursework resume, psychic centers. This can be imagined simply as the nervous system becoming bright and healthy. Then, move on to the next, or First Heh. Here sense the energy as having moved up your feet, into the spine, and essays et decorum est by wilfred owen, when it reaches the upper body and back of the head, it also fills the lungs with greater power and expansion. Relevant Coursework Resume. Feel yourself lifted up and expanded, as though your vision was made clearer, and sense of purpose, and destiny more definite. Imagine the lungs being charged with bright, warm healing energy, vitalizing the breath and blood. After a few days, imagine the vital power moving from the middle of the shoulders, down the essay work pays, arms, and to the hands.
During this period experiment with projecting, circulating, and receiving energy through your hands. In general, the relevant coursework engineering resume, right hand should project positive, expansive, electrical energy; and the left should project magnetic, passive, and receptive energy. By holding the hands together, in the classic prayer position, in front of the chest with the back of your thumbs just touching the sternum, the case, heart center can be energized. In addition, the energy circulated creates a psychic ‘belt’ or ‘dome’ around the upper portions of the head and shoulders. Engineering. Practice pulling energy down from the slouching bethlehem, sun, moon, planets, and relevant resume, Cosmos through the left hand and into the earth or a talisman with the right.
Use the classic Sign of the Philosophus , or hands raised above the head with thumb and forefingers touching to form a triangle, to pull energy down into both palms and out through your feet. Try storing it in of the essay your solar plexus (you may want to use the Sign of Practicus for coursework engineering resume, this) and projecting it as previously described. 9) Then, move to the Yod. Here after the energy has moved up to joan didion essay slouching bethlehem the brain, see the head grow bright and luminous. Feel it absorb the fire from below and rejoicing its return. Sense the relevant coursework engineering resume, center of your head growing powerful, warm, and bright. Focus on this single point of brightness, and then send it back down to essays et decorum owen the earth, while reaching out to the universe with it. Coursework Engineering Resume. Feel yourself lost in a fiery world of essay for baylor university, primordial power, wisdom, and coursework resume, love. Feel as though you are of af engelsk essay, vast stature, towering immensely throughout the solar system. Feel as though the planets themselves are your psychic centers, and the sun is your heart, the Earth your footstool and the original point of coursework engineering resume, creation your crown.
When you are done, shrink yourself back, and shut down the meditation. This energy once experienced has tremendous healing potential. By freeing our negative and destructive thoughts into the center of the earth for purification and renewal, we open ourselves to more energy and an expanded consciousness through the removal of psychological blocks. Through drawing up the analysemodel af engelsk essay, fiery healing energy of the earth, and packing it slowly, smoothly, and methodically deep into our cells, form the bones and relevant coursework engineering resume, its marrow upward and outward, we can increase our psychic sensitivity to essay pays off telluric currents, weather patterns, and magnetic conditions. In addition, we add strength, energy, and vitality to our physical bodies. 10) The Flashing Sword and the Rising Serpent. Yesod, Hod, and Netzach in the Secret Fire. This section examines the relationship between the sepheroth of the Tree of Life to the Secret Fire, and the impact of coursework resume, two spheres in particular that govern the nervous system, early psychic awakening, and sexual power.
The rising of psychic power from Malkooth, effects not only the feet and perineum, but also triggers a response in the adrenals atop the kidneys. This is often accompanied by essay on hard off a surge of energy, as these glands are the seat of our ‘fight or flight’ response. They are also secondary sexual organs, and as the energy drops down, to enter into the base of the spine (also a Malkooth center) before rising up the spinal cord and energizing the entire body, it stimulates those nerves and psychic clusters associated with Yesod and Netzach. Resume. It is from this stimulation that images, fantasies, sexual potency and aggressiveness, and psychic awareness, sometimes bordering on pszophrenia and psychosis, are experienced. Intense heat and on dulce est by owen, a sense of purging may also be experienced as a result. When the energy reaches the area of Hod, or Mercury, usually prior to Netzach, but not always, it is said to be following the Path of the Serpent.
This Path is illustrated by a Serpent climbing the Tree of Life, reversing the direction of the descent of the relevant coursework resume, Lightning Flash. Af Engelsk. Here, the Secret Fire awakens the mind to magical possibilities and coursework engineering resume, structures, but without power. Essay Requirements. It may energize the brain and speedup patterns of thought, insight, and association, but often this may be vented through excessive talking and verbalization, or routing it through the throat center. If the energy is engineering not spent, but directed in on dulce its upward Path of Return, or ascent, then the very real problem of having to direct the will and consciousness in relevant engineering resume a singular fashion toward creating a pathway for the energy to flow is encountered. These pathways are the mental and astral constructs, or symbols, used in analysemodel magical, religious, and esoteric rites. The principle pathway, or map used to resume direct the Secret Fire is the caduceus of Mercury. Here, the twin serpents intertwine themselves around the central pillar, and analysemodel af engelsk, themselves form two side or supporting pillars, leading to a winged apex, or crown, shaped like a pine cone, or the relevant coursework engineering, pineal gland. When it reaches this point, the Crown, it bestows illumination, Cosmic Consciousness, and can be directed further towards greater spiritual activity, or toward material or psychic manifestation. This energy, or light, is like the essay for baylor, rays of the sun (Tiphareth) being split into the many rays of the spectrum (Netzach) by the use of optical filters (Hod). In Hod we not only create, but also clean any existing mental filter, so that the coursework engineering resume, energy rising back towards its source may be properly identified and experienced for what it is, prior to its being harmonized into a single ray of light by Netzach. Even after harmonization however, the energy may not have to be returned to Tiphareth.
If left to its own devices, it probably will, as that is essay on hard work its natural inclination. The sudden influx of power and relevant resume, energy may create a strengthening of the recently vivified astral worlds, of which Netzach is the symbolic apex. The Death card which rules the Path between Netzach and Tiphareth signifies the on hard pays, task of the initiate at this stage of the journey, and of the sacrifice that lies ahead. Only by losing their individuality, or through ‘death’, can the separate forces under the direction of Netzach combine to lead the initiate toward adepthood. The reverse of this is also true in one sense, in that by leaving the collective behind, the relevant coursework resume, individual is joan slouching towards bethlehem born, the true individual of Tiphareth. This suggests, that genuine initiation can only take place when we are no longer dependent upon the collective power of an egregore for our sense of resume, protection, purpose, and illumination.
The watery astral womb of Yetzirah must be left, for either the dry air of analysemodel essay, Malkooth’s material life, or Tiphareth’s spiritual renewal. Along with the intertwined serpents of the caduceus, we find implied in the symbolism the coursework, chakras, or psychic centers, upon which the Secret Fire acts in its journey. These centers express modes of consciousness, loci of physical and psychic power, and are related in various ways to the nervous and endocrine systems as we have seen. In Western esotericism, several methods of expressing these psychic centers exist. There is the use of the planetary names, or mundane chakras as they are called, for the sepheroth. Here, the joan didion slouching towards, planets follow the descent of mezla , or Divine Energy, down the Tree of Life and are placed at corresponding locations on the human body. Kether, Hockman, and relevant coursework engineering resume, Binah are in the head; Chesed, Geburah, and Tiphareth are in the upper chest and shoulders; Netzach, Hod, and Yesod in the hips and sexual organs; with Malkooth located at the feet. This works well as a mnemonic device and for the exercise known as the case, Flashing Sword and Rising Serpent , but is not very useful when it comes to attributing planetary powers to specific organs, as in coursework engineering resume alchemy. Another set of attributes is to simply take the Middle Pillar and apply either its Elemental correspondences as given by Regardie in The True Art of joan towards, Healing , or the more well known planetary correspondences as he gives in his book The Middle Pillar . Along the same lines, it is not uncommon to apply the ascending set of Hindu tattwas , or Elemental signs in an ascending manner at each of the cross-bars and spheres on the central column of the coursework engineering resume, Tree of Life. While none of the top down construction case, above sets of designating centers of relevant engineering resume, psychic force is perfect, each works in its own particular area, and as such, it might be better to simply accept the symbols given for construction, each exercise without trying to create ‘a grand synthesis’ that will sound good, but be cumbersome or useless for practical purposes.
Looking at the ascent of energy from a more Western viewpoint, it is possible to view the psychic centers not as singular and specific organs, but in many instances as clusters of organs working in concert. Students of Eastern esoteric practices will recognize that the New Age system of seven chakras neatly arranged with an ascending chromatic scale is not easily found in yoga or tantra. Instead, what is found, is just as much contradiction and engineering resume, confusion as in essay modern synthetic Western esoteric systems. Whether one uses a system of five, six, or seven psychic centers depends on which system is being practiced. The addition or subtraction of a particular center matters only in coursework engineering resume relations to the details of that particular practice and requirements for baylor, its aims. Thus, when viewing the psychic centers as objective realities, we enter into a realm fraught with danger. Instead, we need to look at relevant, the centers in terms of function and relationship to each other. If in an exercise we notice that a centers activities are not limited to essay on hard off the feet, chest, sexual organs, or head, then we have entered into a deeper understanding of that locus of engineering, energy. If we find that other organs are being stimulated as well, then we will find that we have begun moving from a strictly symbolic and mental relationship to the psychic centers to a personal and experiential one. This transition to construction study personal experience is what development is all about, and not simply neat and comfortable packages of occult lore and relevant coursework engineering resume, information as is given in endless tables of correspondences.
In one recent Golden Dawn publication 11) a set of correspondences was given for essay requirements university, four of the major psychic centers using kerubic attributions. The root center was attributed to relevant coursework the Calf of essay requirements university, Revelations; the sexual center to coursework resume the Angel; the Solar Plexus to the Lion; and the Eagle to the heart. No Correspondences were given for the remaining centers. Using this as a basis for discussion and experimentation, I would instead suggest the essays on dulce et decorum est by, following listing as a more effective alternative: 1 st Bull or Saturn 12) or Moon 13) with Fire in the Heart. 2 nd Eagle or Jupiter or Mercury Water in the liver.
3 rd Lion or Mars or Venus Earth in the lungs. 4 th Angel or Venus or Sun Air in the bladder. 5 th Spirit or Mercury or Mars. 6 th Luna or Moon or Jupiter. 7 th Sol or Sun or Saturn.
This suggests that the order of the planets in relevant coursework the spheres is very relative to ones state of consciousness, and that the essays on dulce et decorum, correspondences at the time of our descent into material consciousness may be different from the order during our re-ascent into Eternity. If we consider what the alchemists say about Saturn, that it is the beginning and end of the Work, then this re-arrangement of the centers may be true. In an article entitled, “From The Restored New Testament” 14) , the basic idea of four centers of the genitals, navel, heart, and head is relevant coursework engineering resume used along with titles taken from The Book of Revelations of St. John. Genitals 1 st and 2 nd centers The False Seer. Navel 3 rd center The Red Dragon. Heart 4 th center The Beast.
Head 5 th , 6 th , and 7 th centers The Cross, The Lamb, The Spiritually Wise, and Illumination The Conqueror. In an accompanying chart, the essay requirements university, order of the planets is coursework resume given from Saturn at the base, to Luna at the Crown, in straight kabbalistic fashion, with a slightly different color scale than usual: Yellow and silver-white (Saturn), pale blue (Jupiter), red (Mars), green (Sun), dark blue/indigo (Venus), orange-yellow (Mercury), violet, silvery opalescent (Moon). Each center is also associated with a zodiacal sign, a seal on the great scroll, and one of the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. The remaining five signs of the zodiac are attributed to of the essay the Elements and Spirit. The problem presented by the Book of Revelations , is that if it represents a pattern of progressive interior initiation linked to the ultimate experience of the Secret Fire, it is written in a highly symbolic format. Many of the keys to these symbols may be very local and relevant coursework, period specific in origin, requiring extensive research into 1 st century era Gnostic, Christian, Merkavah, and joan slouching towards, Greco-Roman initiatic practices.
This is not to imply that this is an relevant coursework resume impossible nut to crack, only af engelsk, that it is one wherein we must weigh the reward against the effort. To assist those who answer this in the affirmative, the above keys have been given. Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume. For this manuscript however, it raises more questions than horns on planet of the essay topics, “The Beasts” head, to which the answers are not immediately forthcoming. The answers may be in some of the older and less accessible schools of coursework, Christian kabbalah found in Eastern Orthodoxy, more so than in those Christian kabbalists of Rome, as they are more focused on the Gospel of John, and have not completely rooted out their mystical wing, or use of symbols for Illumination. After preparing your oratory, or place of working, imagine that your spine is the central pillar of the Caduceus. Establish it well, with a round bottom, wings at level of the throat, solar disk, and apes, a pine cone or brilliant knob at the top. Visualize it in white or reddish-gold, with the left serpent in resume blue or black; and essay off, the right serpent in red. Their tails should meet or cross-over at relevant engineering resume, the base of your spine and continue to on dulce est by owen overlap five more times with their heads facing toward each other, tongues extended, at the level of the throat accompanied by engineering an extended pair of wings. The image should be mounted by a solar disk at analysemodel, the level of the head, surmounted by a pine cone. After a period of several weeks with the above imagery, additional symbols can be added. In the center of engineering resume, each circle formed should be imagined in progressive order, the kerubic animals listed above.
At the level of the throat should be akasha, or Spirit; and the Lunar qualities should dominate the of the apes, back of the head, with Solar dominating the front. Both universal aspects are imagined as unified at relevant engineering resume, the top, and entering and existing through the brilliant sphere or pine cone (pineal gland). If possible, the left serpent should be imagined to essay topics have lunar, watery, passive, magnetic qualities. The right serpent, solar, electric, fiery, expansive qualities. The central column mediates, balances, and contains both simultaneously.
After the above images are successfully imagined and maintained, the coursework engineering resume, symbols can be progressively meditated upon. On Dulce Owen. It is important to go in strict order from top to bottom or bottom to top. If a psychic blockage is encountered don’t force it. Simply smooth it away gently as you progressively move through the set of symbols. Don’t spend more than seven or ten days on any one symbol. Remember, that it is best to start new esoteric periods on a Saturday when the psychic power is at its height for the week. This means that it will take a minimum of seven weeks to move through the seven principle symbols on the central column, and relevant engineering, an additional three weeks for the basic diagram and two serpents. This is a strong exercise, so don’t force it. If anything unpleasant is experienced, shorten the af engelsk, periods of meditation. Initially, no more than 15 minutes should be spent on this exercise.
The Serpent of Fire and resume, the Spear 15) Of all the exercises in this work, the following are the easiest to perform regardless of the level of experience of the top down construction case, operator. Their basic concepts will already be familiar to relevant engineering resume many students, and requirements for baylor, are useful as guides in a fundamental understanding of the Secret Fire that exists in the West. Visualize a vast point of brilliant light above your head, so intense that it appears black. Move it down to the top of your head, feel it sinking into your body and psyche, permeating your consciousness.
Feel it move out, extending to form a sphere of golden light and fire around you to a diameter of four to six feet on all sides. Let this sphere of light grow in intensity and power, and know that it is a strong container for resume, the Cosmic forces you are about to invoke. Imagine a shaft of essay for baylor university, fire, like a spear, blaze down from the point of light above you, penetrate your skull, and move through your body and into the center of the earth. Feel the coursework engineering resume, earth reverberate with its impact, and essays on dulce et decorum, imagine a stream of living fire, like a golden-red serpent, move in the reverse direction of the coursework engineering resume, shaft, up your spine, and into the hollow of your skull. Construction Study. It is important that you imagine your skull as a hollow and vast receptacle of resume, this creative and transforming energy. After several repetitions of this cycle, focus your attention on your heart, and imagine there, a chalice, stone, or other receptive symbol for your highest Self. Wait for a response, and then let everything merge into a vast sea of living golden light, fire, and love. At the conclusion of the essay requirements, exercise, draw the energy into yourself, and offer it as a gift to relevant coursework engineering the Cosmic. Basic exercises for its regulation. Solar Plexus as chief regulator of energy in the body.
If after an exercise there is too much energy in your heart or head area, move it down to the solar plexus and imagine it being circulated out and analysemodel, around your body through that center. This will work after a few minutes, and is especially good for circulating energy that arises from relevant coursework resume sexual stimulation after these exercises. It is important to establish firm points of Kether and Malkooth in these exercises. If Malkooth is joan essay insufficiently established, the risk of flightiness and disconnectedness from everyday life is possible. Resume. More importantly, if a strong sense of connectedness is not established at Malkooth, much of the energy will have no where to go, and will be wasted. If it appears that too much energy has been generated and is causing problems that simply circulating it out the Solar Plexus will not solve, then consider the following: 1.Imagine the essay, energy streaming our of your hands and feet into the earth. 2.Place your hands in a bowl of engineering, cold water and imagine the energy pouring into it.
3.Walk on the grass or earth with your feet in direct contact. 4.Drink a cold glass of water. These suggestions are for the discharge of energy accumulations that may be unpleasant. Consider them a sort of psychic first aid. Joan Didion Bethlehem. The nature of these exercises, generally, is to increase the amount of energy we can handle, and to direct it wisely and slowly for the purification of resume, our psyche and body. Discharging it repeatedly will slow that process; however, maintaining a state of irritation, frustration, and construction case, perturbability as a result of engineering resume, esoteric practices is also a drawback. Circulating the Light. Simply put, always circulate the energy when you are done with an exercise.
The suggestions of the Middle Pillar, or out the Solar Plexus and around the edges of the extended aura work well. Additional Notes for on dulce est by owen, Consideration. Crowley states that the 24 th Path is attributed to resume the Goddess Kundalini in 777. Knight has the caduceus with the sign of Scorpio at the bottom. Scorpio is the sign of the 24 th Path. Square breathing is to be done with the exercises whenever possible. On the inhale, pull the essay, energy down from the crown; hold in the feet, earth, and/or base of spine; exhale to head; hold on the exhale. Repeat. This adds a great deal of energy to the exercises and limits the amount of time they can be done in any one sitting. Each sphere has its own Tiphareth, i.e.
Great Star, uniting the smaller “spheres within a sphere” on the Tree of that particular level. Thus, when we direct our attention to the harmonizing influence of Tiphareth we affect all of the planets it touches. When we direct our attention to the Triangle of Fire of Tiphareth, we affect the Fire aspect of all of the Spheres connected to Tiphareth; however, Saturn, Mercury, and Venus, may have a greater response. This of course means, karma (Saturn), creative energy (Venus), and intellect/energy conduits (Mercury). As such, it then is easier to regulate planetary energy with the hexagram than the septagram.
The hexagram regulates energy via Tiphareth, the septegram via Netzach. In alchemy, Fire and relevant, Air are the matrix of Energy; Water and Earth are the matrix of Matter. Earth ‘energy’ is essential for of the essay, sustaining health; Water for relevant coursework engineering resume, sustaining initiation; and Fire for initiation itself; Air makes Fire accessible. Salt is the lower yetzirah and assiah; Mercury is Higher Yetzirah and Lower Briah; Sulphur is Higher Briah and Lower Atzilooth. Salt is prone to lunar impulses. Mercury is prone to solar impulses. Sulphur is prone to zodiacal and joan didion essay bethlehem, Cosmic impulses. Kundalini, Evolution and Enlightenment , Edited by John White, Anchor Books/Doubleday, Garden City, New York. 1979. Serpent of Fire: A Modern View of Kundalini by Darrel Irving.
Samuel Weiser, Inc., York Beach, Maine. 1995. Energies of relevant coursework engineering, Transformation, A Guide to the Kundalini Process by Bonnie Greenwell, Ph.D. Shakti River Press, Saratoga, Ca. 1990. The Doctrine of the Subtle Body in the Western Tradition by GRS Mead. Solos Press, Shaftesbury, Dorset. No date.
First published, 1919. The Middle Pillar by Israel Regardie. Llewellyn Publications, St. Paul, MN. 1991. Kabbalah of the Golden Dawn by Pat Zalewski. Llewellyn Publications, St. University. Paul, MN. 1993. Experience of the Inner Worlds by Gareth Knight. Samuel Weiser, Inc., York Beach, Maine.
1993. The Most Holy Trinosophia of the Comte de St. Germain , Introduction and Commentary by Manly P. Resume. Hall. The Philosophical Research Society, Inc., Los Angeles. 1983. The Philosophers of Nature , 125 West Front Street, Suite 263, Wheaton, Ill. 60187. Joan Slouching Bethlehem. Kabbalah Lessons: Psychic Energy, It’s Source and It’s Transformation by M. Esther Harding, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. 1963.
The Gathas of Zarathustra from the Zend-Avesta , ed. by Raghavan Iyer.
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College of Engineering Undergraduate Sample Resumes
2016 Top Online RN to BSN Programs. In order to coursework resume expand their career options, many registered nurses (RNs) pursue a Bachelor’s of af engelsk, Science in Nursing Degree (BSN). Relevant Resume! Earning this degree not only expands their career options and provides their future with more potential, but it also enhances and adds to their professional skill set. Apes Topics! As the BSN is becoming more common among nurses, more and more healthcare facilities are requiring that candidates for new positions have this degree in order to be considered for a job. Engineering Resume! Registered nurses that earn a BSN will have gone through more intensive coursework than RNs who have an didion bethlehem Associate’s Degree in Nursing (ADN). The BSN provides students with coursework like public health, management, research, science, and the humanities. This allows them more exposure to pertinent information concerning patients, hospitals, and the healthcare field as a whole. Earn your bachelor's degree in nursing with the RN to BSN pathway from Kaplan University. This program is designed for engineering resume, students with experience as registered nurses, and is delivered completely online.
Prospective nurses can find the on dulce et decorum right program for them in Walden University's online RN to BSN program. Applicants must already hold an RN. Students in the program can seamlessly take classes and complete in-person requirements without disrupting their current professional responsibilities. Are you a registered nurse who wants to earn a college degree? Herzing University's online RN to BSN degree pathway combines academic study with the real-world responsibilities of working nurses. Relevant! For RNs to earn their BSN online one of the best options is to enroll in an online RN to BSN program. These programs allow working professionals to continue their career and gain more experience in the field while also enhancing their career options and expanding their knowledge base. If you are an RN that is considering going back to school for a BSN to help advance your career, our website can be a valuable resource for you.
We’ve researched over essays on dulce est by owen, 800 RN to engineering BSN programs so you can have information about the best options at your disposal. Essay Work! Below is relevant coursework engineering a thorough compilation of information that will help you get started. With information on clinical requirements, how online programs can be advantageous, how online RN programs are accredited, and more, you’ll be able to analysemodel af engelsk essay understand all that is required to coursework resume get an work pays off RN to BSN degree, and it’s value to your future. You can then use our directory to relevant engineering choose the online program that best fits your needs. Af Engelsk Essay! Our tools will help jump start your career path without having to leave this website. Top 10 Online RN to BSN Programs of 2016. Top 10 Online RN to BSN Programs (Unaffiliated): Degree Name: RN to BSN Degree. Program Overview: Strong emphasis on leadership in the nursing field. Students have the option to relevant coursework engineering resume graduate in 12, 18, or 24 months, and in that time they will earn 36 nursing credits in additional to clinical work. Tuition: The hourly tuition rate is $273.40 for in state students, and $973.75 for out of state students. Reputation: Ranked #75 by for baylor US News, #112 by Forbes, and #157 by Money.
Degree Name: RN to BSN Degree. Program Overview: Dedicated to excellence and very flexible. This is a 15 month program that includes two summer semesters and a January intersession. Students are able to relevant transfer applicable credits to help lighten the analysemodel af engelsk load of coursework while in the program. Tuition: The entire program typically costs $14,000, so approximately $280-300 per credit hour. Reputation: Ranked #42 by relevant coursework engineering resume US News, #399 by Forbes, and #154 by Money. Degree Name: RN to BSN Degree. Program Overview: Extremely appealing to RNs. If you are an RN that attended a community college acceptance into the program is requirements simple if you meet the university’s requirements. To earn the BSN degree students must complete 33 credit hours.
Tuition: Per credit hour this degree costs $140.44 for North Carolina residents and $666.59 for coursework resume, out of state students, making the final cost about $4,634.52 and $21,997.47 respectively. Reputation: Ranked #519 by Forbes and #194 by US News, while Money calls it one of the best schools for veterans. Joan Essay Slouching Towards Bethlehem! Degree Name: RN to engineering BSN Degree. Program Overview: Flexible and transparent. Prospective students who have already earned their RN degree are encouraged to speak with a nursing advisor before they start the program, and while attending the on hard work pays off university. All students must start the relevant BSN program in the fall, and there are three options for completing the program: Fast Track: 2 semester option (Full time) Traditional Track: 4 semester option (Part time) Progressive Track: 1 course a semester option (Part time) The clinical part of the pays off program can be completed in a location near where the student lives, and the part time options are available so students can work full time while earning the degree. Tuition: The cost per credit hour is $325.25 for all online students. Reputation: Ranked #411 by Forbes, and #180 by US News. Degree Name: RN to relevant engineering resume BSN Degree.
Program Overview: Strong emphasis on experience in the field of nursing. Essays On Dulce Et Decorum Wilfred! To complete the degree students will take 30 credits of classes relevant to their field, including community health, wellness and care across cultures, nursing leadership in relevant coursework, global healthcare, and a general health class. On top of this students are required to complete 30 clinical credits to finish the essay pays program. Engineering Resume! Tuition: Florida residents pay $215.94 per credit hour. Non-residents pay $333. Reputation: Ranked #487 by top down construction case Forbes, and #598 by Money, making it one of the best nursing schools in the state. Degree Name: RN to BSN Degree. Program Overview: Dedicated to professionalism. Relevant Engineering Resume! Students are only accepted if they achieved outstanding marks while earning their RN degree, have been actively using their degree, and top down, kept up with various certifications since graduation. All online students must be Georgia residents, and a minimum of coursework resume, 29 credits must be completed to earn the degree. Tuition: $204.00 per credit hour.
Reputation: Ranked #588 with Forbes, and study, #656 with Money. Degree Name: RN to relevant resume BSN Degree. Program Overview: Very committed to the RN to BSN degree - Ball State University has offered an RN to BSN degree track since 1986. Students have the et decorum est by owen option of doing a three or six semester option. Students in the RN to relevant coursework resume BSN program will take 39 nursing prerequisite credits, and then 20 credits with their clinical work. Tuition: Indiana residents pay $296 per credit hour, and out of state students pay $492, but this can vary depending on how many credits you’re taking per semester. Reputation: Ranked #168 by requirements for baylor US News, #569 by Forbes, and #483 by Money. Coursework! Degree Name: RN to BSN Degree. Program Overview: Strong dedication to the student body.
All clinical hours are project based, so students won’t have to work in hospitals and can focus more on what is planet apes topics relevant to their education. Students have to take a minimum of 40 classes to receive their BSN, including the 7 classes that are required for relevant, the degree. Tuition: All nursing students pay $515 per essays on dulce est by, credit, and clinical experience can help reduce the cost of tuition. Reputation: Ranked #71 with US News, and #458 with Money. Degree Name: RN to BSN Degree. Program Overview: Extremely flexible and useful in the nursing industry. Students can complete the degree in three semesters, and all of the classes are asynchronous, so you can take them at your leisure. A total of 29 credit hours are needed for the degree, and a student’s advisor at the University of Arkansas is also a full time faculty member, so they are all committed to the success of relevant engineering resume, their advisees. Tuition: $276.92 per credit hour.
Reputation: Ranked # 129 with US News, #272 with Forbes, and #451 with Money. Degree Name: RN to BSN Degree. Essay Topics! Program Overview: Strong reputation in academics. Students complete 24 hours of online core classes, and then 8 hours of upper division electives within two years. The program starts twice a year, so students begin in either January or August. Tuition: In state students will pay about $5,500 to complete the coursework degree.
Reputation: Ranked #32 with US News, and #556 with Money. How we determined our top 10 rankings: After performing our own research we then created formulas to help us calculate a list of construction case study, universities by rank. We researched over 800 RN to BSN programs, and then filtered through the degrees to only include those that are offered online. From here we used the following criteria to determine the rank of each program: 25% Academic performance - We generated a score for each program based on graduation and retention rates. Relevant Coursework! The higher the rates the better the score. 25% Reputation - Scores for this category were generated based on a program’s placement in US News college rankings, Forbes college rankings, and planet of the apes topics, Money college rankings. The programs with more placements earned the better score. 50% Tuition and value - The more affordable the program the better it scored in this category.
To help you find the nursing program that best suits your career goals we researched over 7,000 programs, including over 800 RN to BSN programs, at nearly 1,800 schools. Our directory below allows you quick and easy access to information about these programs. After consulting the coursework resume directory read our exhaustive guide, designed specifically for students considering a BSN degree, to get started on owen, furthering your education and advancing your nursing career. Coursework! Guide for RNs Considering an Online BSN Degree. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) wants 80% of RNs to essays on dulce est by wilfred have a bachelor’s degree by the year 2020. The reasoning behind this is simple: they want to create a nursing workforce that is more educated, and more qualified. By receiving a better education nurses will be able to coursework engineering resume provide better care.
But while the AACN is pushing nurses to get a BSN, there is a pragmatic reason why RNs should seriously consider getting a bachelor’s degree in nursing over 79% of employers now require or strongly prefer all candidates for new positions to have this educational background. As the years go by this percentage is only going to increase, leaving RNs with an ADN virtually unable to get a nursing job that they have worked so hard for. If you are an RN that has yet to earn your BSN then please look closely at the following information. We have sorted through a vast amount of joan didion towards, information in resume, order to create a resource for you. The information below will be a tool that will help guide you into not only an education that is top down construction case vital to your career, but a career path as well. This information will also be valuable to BSN students that are either unhappy with their current BSN program, or need to switch schools so they can continue their education online and not in a traditional classroom setting. Before reading the information below please consider the following: Healthcare facilities that seek a Magnet Destination for nursing care are only allowed to employ Nurse Managers and relevant, Nurse Leaders that hold a bachelor’s or master’s degree in nursing. If an construction case study RN wants to earn a promotion to higher-level positions he/she will need at least a BSN.
If you don’t have experience as an RN getting a job without a BSN can be difficult. Online RN to BSN programs allow students to work full time and have families while furthering their education. Part time and full time options for BSN programs are available at most universities, so you will be able to earn your degree at relevant coursework resume, your own pace. What we will cover in this informational guide: An education is requirements for baylor required to coursework engineering resume become a nurse at any level, and different degrees allow you different paths in your career. For people who want to become an RN there are a few different options on how to achieve this license.
The traditional paths are: 2 to 3-year Nursing Diploma program offered by hospitals, or school affiliated with hospitals 2 to 3-year Associate’s Degree in Nursing (ADN) 4-year Bachelor’s of requirements, Science in Nursing (BSN) degree. Coursework Resume! At the end of each of these options the student must take the NCLEX-RN exam, and upon passing the exam will be an RN. Each path will receive a different salary, and each degree will qualify you for different levels of employment in the future. As the AACN wants all RNs to hold a BSN, the field of nursing has slowly been changing. A nurse’s career options are limited to the degree that he/she holds, and their advancement within that career will be dependent upon the education they received. Here is a description of each nursing degree. A Nursing Diploma had been the of the topics standard means of becoming an relevant engineering resume RN until about the work off 1970s.
This path is still being used in coursework resume, some areas, but is quickly being phased out. To earn a Nursing Diploma minimal academic experience is required, and students typically study in requirements university, hospitals to gain basic nursing experience. An Associate’s Degree in Nursing is a 2 to 3 year program, and is the engineering resume most popular initial step for joan slouching towards, people aspiring to become a nurse. Relevant Engineering! Along with nursing coursework, students take core classes in science when earning this degree. On top of classroom work students will take part in clinical rotations to gain experience. Now considered the cornerstone degree in analysemodel af engelsk essay, nursing, a Bachelor’s of relevant engineering resume, Science in Nursing is a 4 year degree.
To earn this degree students take core coursework as well as perform clinical rotations as a part of their education. Essay Requirements! For students who already have a bachelor’s degree in another field, there are accelerated programs for students who want to earn their BSN. Students earning a BSN are required to take more science and liberal arts classes than those earning an ADN. This is the most common path for nurses. By becoming an relevant coursework RN through an af engelsk essay ADN program nurses can then gain valuable healthcare experience while they go back to relevant coursework engineering resume school to earn their BSN. This path typically saves time and on dulce, money, and takes two years to relevant coursework complete.
Many programs are extremely flexible as they understand that the majority of students will be working as RNs as they earn their BSN. A BSN is required if you want to pursue a Master of Science in Nursing degree. MSN degrees allow you to advance your career by becoming a nurse practitioner or clinical nurse specialist. The MSN is the recommended path for RNs who have a BSN and on hard work off, want to specialize in a particular field of resume, nursing. Admissions Requirements for Online RN to case BSN Programs: Although every university has different admission requirements for their online RN to coursework resume BSN programs, they often share a lot of similarities. Most programs will require a minimum GPA, and all of our top 10 programs require at analysemodel af engelsk, least a 2.0 for previous coursework to be accepted. Many schools, like the University of South Dakota, require you to be accepted into their undergraduate program before you can enroll in the RN to BSN degree.
And others, like Indiana University Bloomington, require not only relevant, this initial step, but also meeting with a nursing advisor prior to slouching towards bethlehem being accepted into the nursing program. The primary differences between admissions requirements for the programs we reviewed concern licensing, residency, and prerequisite coursework. Aside from these differences each program might have minor conditions or terms before accepting students. The University of South Dakota and coursework engineering, DeSales University, for example, will check with references before admitting a new student. The University of essay, Arkansas asks for relevant coursework engineering, a personal statement along with documentation of planet of the apes essay topics, your experience as an relevant resume RN. You should also expect that every program you apply to will require an application fee. Essays On Dulce Et Decorum Wilfred! A minimum GPA is required by every program we researched except DeSales University, but not every school has the same requirements. Florida International University: 2.5 GPA. Ball State University: 2.75 GPA. Georgia Southern University: 3.0 GPA. Sometimes the relevant coursework engineering resume GPA is for all college coursework you have taken thus far, and other times you need to have earned particular grades for particular classes in order to meet their requirements.
Western Carolina University: 2.5 GPA with a “C” or better on all prerequisite courses. University of South Dakota: Grade of “C” or better on all support and nursing coursework in your prior program. Joan Didion Towards Bethlehem! Some schools will require that you already have an active RN license: University of relevant, South Dakota Ball State University Indiana University Bloomington East Carolina University. Others will accept you into their program if you are graduating from an essays est by wilfred owen ADN program in the near future. University of coursework engineering resume, California Chico University of Arkansas. Schools may require you to have a license in the same state that the joan didion towards school is located: Georgia Southern University Florida International University DeSales University. Additionally, many schools require that your ADN comes from an relevant coursework engineering resume NLNAC/ACEN accredited school: East Carolina University Florida International University DeSales University. Top Down Construction Study! And if your ADN is not from an accredited program then some schools will evaluate the program you graduated from before they accept you: University of South Dakota University of Arkansas.
RN to BSN programs typically want their students to be residents of their state due to licensing. Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume! A college program is victim to state law, and that will dictate whether they will be able to accept students from out-of-state. A RN to BSN program can accept students from out-of-state if it is legal for RNs to essay work pays off work within their state while their license exists in another state. If you are an out-of-state student, some schools, like Western Carolina University , allow you to coursework engineering enroll in their program if you have a license in the state where you will do your clinical requirements. Programs that only accept in-state residents: University of California Chico Florida International University Georgia Southern University.
Programs that accept out-of-state students: Indiana University Bloomington University of South Dakota Ball State University University of top down case, Arkansas. If you will be working in a different state than where you intend on going to school, check with the State Board of Nursing to relevant coursework engineering resume ensure that the et decorum est by wilfred nursing license you obtain upon completing your degree can be used in the state you plan to move to. Universities often want all of their students starting the RN to BSN program to have the same educational background. Resume! Students that have their ADN usually meet all of the required coursework for the BSN program they are applying for, but there are exceptions. The prerequisite courses typically consist of: Psychology Chemistry English Mathematics Anatomy Physiology Nutrition Biology Various levels of clinical work. To give you a better idea of admissions requirements, this is what our top 3 online RN to BSN require: Indiana University Bloomington. Admission into construction the University as a degree-seeking student Have a current, unrestricted RN license Have achieved a GPA of 2.5 for all courses attempted on the transcripts you provide Have a GPA of 2.0 for coursework, any required prerequisite courses (if needed) Comply with immunization requirements failure to do so will prevent participation in practicum experiences Provide proof of essay, CPR, insurance coverage, and licensure. University of California Chico. Complete all prerequisite, corequisite, and lower division GE courses and provide official transcripts Cumulative GPA of 3.0 in all college level work completed Must be a California resident Have a valid California RN license (unless you are graduating from an coursework engineering resume ADN program in the spring of the year of admission to the RN to BSN) Attendance at an RN to BSN Advising Session (either on campus or virtual) East Carolina University.
ADN from an accredited educational institution Have a current, unrestricted license to on dulce wilfred owen practice as an coursework resume RN in North Carolina or a North Carolina Board of joan didion essay slouching towards bethlehem, Nursing compact state Meet minimum requirements stated in the undergraduate catalog Minimum GPA of 2.5 Grade of “C” or higher in all mathematics and science courses Satisfactory completion of relevant engineering resume, prerequisite GE and cognate courses Pass a criminal background check and drug screening. When prospective students begin thinking about top down applying for coursework engineering, an RN to BSN degree, or start the application process with a particular school, they often have a wide variety of joan slouching towards, important questions. To account for this, we put together a list of common questions we received from students about the admissions process for the online RN to BSN degree. We hope you are able to relevant coursework engineering resume find answers to your questions here: What if my GPA isn’t high enough for the program I want to get into? Depending on the school, this will often disqualify you for acceptance into their program. However, many schools allow you to retake a class, and this provides you with options. By retaking a class or classes that you did poorly in you can boost your GPA if you earn a high mark. This may bring your GPA to requirements university the desired goal in order to get into the program of your choice.
This is coursework resume particularly true for programs like East Carolina University, where you must get a grade of “C” or higher on construction, all mathematics and science courses while earning your ADN. Engineering Resume! Does my nursing license need to be administered by the state where the university is that I’m applying to? This depends on for baylor university, the state. States like Florida, Georgia, and California (and therefore Florida International University, Georgia Southern University, and University of California Chico respectively) require that your active RN license be administered by these particular states. If your license isn’t in one of these states you can not be accepted into relevant engineering their program.
But in states like South Dakota and Arkansas (and therefore the University of South Dakota and University of Arkansas) you can be licensed in essays wilfred, any state when applying to their program. It is then expected that you will do your clinical work where you are licensed. Can I be accepted into an RN to engineering BSN online program if I’m almost done with my RN degree and haven’t taken my NCLEX-RN exam? Each school has a different policy on this. The following schools require a current, unrestricted RN license in on hard work off, order to be accepted: Indiana University Bloomington East Carolina University University of South Dakota Florida International University Georgia Southern University Ball State University Western Carolina University DeSales University. These schools allow prospective students to apply if you are in the final semester of your ADN: University of California Chico University of Arkansas.
Both of these programs require students to submit evidence of your RN license prior to engineering the beginning of the first semester of study. Do I need 120 credits in order to earn my online BSN degree? Most RN to BSN degrees require 120 credits. This typically includes the 60 credits earned while getting an ADN, and then 30 credits of joan didion essay slouching, upper level nursing courses in addition to relevant coursework engineering 30 credits of af engelsk, clinical training. Relevant Coursework Engineering! Florida International University follows this schedule, but programs like Indiana University Bloomington and slouching, the University of South Dakota require 36 and coursework resume, 47 nursing credits respectively. Students who already have a bachelor’s degree in essays on dulce, another field may enroll in accelerated programs that can be as short as 1 year. This will not require 120 credits. Coursework Resume! Can I get an online RN degree as a part of an online BSN program? The programs in our top 10 list are all for universities that offer bachelor’s degrees, and not associate’s degrees. This means that they don’t offer an ADN degree, and only BSN degrees, or RN to BSN degrees.
Clinical Requirements and af engelsk essay, Coursework: While the coursework for the ADN is typically very uniform, coursework and clinical requirements can vary greatly for RN to BSN degrees. Not only will the coursework required coursework be different, but colleges like Indiana University Bloomington and Ball State University offer different tracks so you can complete the degree in a predetermined amount of time. Some programs will require students to take prerequisite courses prior to acceptance, or have these courses as a part of their general education requirement. Often times prospective students have a lot of questions about coursework and clinical practice, and these were the most common questions we’ve been asked by students: Answer: Due to requirements university how important accreditation is to finding a job, future educational opportunities, and chances to get financial aid, this is the most important factor to look for in an RN to engineering BSN program. Also consider looking at which courses are required for which program. Case Study! Some might require you to take prerequisite courses while others will accept all the ADN courses you have already taken. Some schools might have more financial aid available, while others will help with clinical placement, have flexible start/end dates, provide statistics on graduation and retention rates, and relevant coursework engineering, allow for a part time coursework schedule.
This information will help you assess if a program is a good fit for you. Answer: Most RN to BSN programs require students to complete non-nursing, general education requirements in liberal arts and the sciences. The nursing coursework will include classes on ethics, leadership, teaching, community/public health, advanced medical/science coursework, and research. It is highly recommend that students enroll in a program that requires clinical work, as this will help you in your job search. Clinicals can take place in planet of the apes essay, hospitals, clinics, and public health facilities, where students work with a preceptor. What kind of financial aid is relevant engineering available for RN to BSN degrees? Answer: It can be hard to planet of the apes topics find programs that offer scholarships, but sometimes your employer will provide tuition reimbursement for earning this degree while you work for them. If you plan on seeking federal financial aid it is required that you enroll in an accredited program. This is because programs need state or regional accreditation to qualify for federal aid. Answer: While it is strongly recommended that students enroll in relevant coursework, an RN to joan essay bethlehem BSN program that not only includes clinical work but assists in relevant engineering resume, placement, this is not always the case.
University of California Chico helps students with placement, but they can’t guarantee that it will be close to where you live. To best guarantee that the program you’re interested in helps with clinical placement it is highly advised that you call the program. Do all online RN to BSN degrees require clinical hours? Answer: No, but employers like seeing that clinical hours were a part of essays on dulce est by owen, your coursework, so enrolling in a program that requires experience in the field is highly recommended. Do I need to take core coursework like English and mathematics while earning my RN to BSN degree, or can I just take nursing classes? Answer: Most RN to BSN programs require core coursework in order to coursework engineering resume graduate with a bachelor’s degree. The main question is wilfred whether the program you are applying to will accept all the credits earned while getting the relevant ADN. If they don’t accept these core courses students may have to take these classes in addition to the nursing classes of their program. Programs like East Carolina University accept the core classes you took for your ADN and only require nursing classes. However, programs like DeSales University have core general education requirements as a part of their RN to BSN program that are mandatory. Answer: Programs like Indiana University Bloomington, University of work off, Arkansas, and Ball State University all have options that put students on guided tracks for coursework.
Most universities, however, want all students to complete the program in relevant resume, four semesters. For Baylor University! Online RN to BSN programs are designed for people who are working full time while going to school, which is why there are limited options for relevant coursework resume, accelerated programs. They assume you already have a busy schedule. Answer: While every university will talk about how excellent their faculty is, there are ways that you can judge for top down construction study, yourself. To be a teacher at an RN to BSN program one must have at least an coursework MSN. The schools in our top 10 list have professors with doctorates in nursing. Most schools also have pages for their professors, so you can see whether the top down case people teaching courses are still active nurses, participate in engineering, research, publish articles, and what kind of experience they have in the field. Is there a difference in earning an online BSN if I already have a bachelor’s degree rather than an RN?
Answer: Yes, and you would not need to acquire 120 credits. Essay Bethlehem! These programs are typically accelerated, or let you go at your own pace. Here are samples of relevant engineering resume, what our top 3 universities require for academics in their RN to BSN programs: Indiana University Bloomington. General Education Courses: 59-61 credits Nursing Courses: 36 credits Specialty Credit: 34 Credits This is clinical work that will begin after you have completed the essay second semester of the relevant coursework engineering program. University of California Chico. Top Down Construction Study! General Education Courses: 49-56 credits Nursing Courses: 47 credits Clinical Coursework: 3 credits. East Carolina University. General Education Courses: They accept all ADC credits from accredited programs. Students will not have to take prerequisites or do additional coursework for acceptance.
Nursing Courses: 27 credits Clinical Coursework: 6 credits. Relevant Resume! Universities that offer an RN to requirements BSN online program prefer, and coursework resume, usually require, their prospective students to have received their ADN from an accredited CCNE or ACEN program. University! It’s not only colleges employers prefer to hire people that come from nationally accredited schools, too. The reasoning is that RNs with this background have been trained under nationally established standards for nursing education. If an academic program is accredited by the CCNE or ACEN their graduates will qualify to sit for relevant coursework engineering resume, the NCLEX-RN exam. The primary difference between the CCNE and the ACEN is that ACEN accredits all educational levels, while the CCNE only accredits the BSN degree and higher. Accreditation Commission for Nursing Education. Previously known as the NLNAC, the ACEN accredits nursing programs that meet or exceed their standards in educational quality.
In addition to promoting a core of standards in nursing education, they aim to strengthen the didion essay slouching towards bethlehem quality of that education by helping with evaluation, functions, publication, and research. Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) The CCNE assesses institutions and accredits those that engage in effective educational practices. While they support growth and improvement in coursework engineering resume, the field of nursing education, they also contribute to the improvement of the public’s health. If you are an top down construction RN with an ADN and have read through this information and determined that pursuing a BSN isn’t for you, there are a few certifications you can consider to help advance your career. Again, considering the current trend in coursework engineering, the nursing field it is highly encouraged that you earn a BSN, but there are three certifications you can earn if you decide against that route. If you have an ADN these certifications can help improve your resume and advance your career. Certified Pediatric Nurse Certification (CPN) Administered by the Pediatric Nursing Certification Board (PNCB), the Certified Pediatric Nurse exam offers RNs a chance to specialize in pediatric care. To be eligible for the CPN exam RNs must have a current, valid, unrestricted, and unencumbered RN license in addition to: A minimum of 1,800 hours of pediatric clinical experience that was completed within the last 24 months, OR A minimum of essay pays off, 5 years as an RN in pediatric nursing, and relevant, 3,000 hours within the past 5 years in est by wilfred, pediatric nursing with a minimum of 1,000 hours within the past 24 months. Acceptable degrees in engineering resume, nursing to sit for the exam include a diploma, ADN, BSN, MSN, or doctorate in nursing. The Oncology Certified Nurse certification is administered by the Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation. Et Decorum Owen! This certification enhances an RN’s professional credibility in oncology, helps advance the careers of engineering resume, nurses who work with cancer patients, and those at great risk for getting the disease.
To be eligible for the OCN exam nurses must have: A current RN license A minimum of one year experience as an RN within the construction study past three years A minimum of relevant coursework, 1,000 hours of clinical experience in oncology within the last 2.5 years At least 10 hours of contact in oncology nursing training in the form of an of the apes essay elective or continuing education within the last three years. RNC Certification for Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing (RNC-NIC) The National Certification Corporation administers the engineering RNC Certification for Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing. This certification can help expand the careers of RNs with an interest in caring for newborns that suffer from essay work pays off, a range of problems. To be eligible for the RNC-NIC exam nurses must have: A current RN license in the U.S. or Canada 24 months specialty experience as an American or Canadian RN comprised of a minimum of engineering resume, 2,000 hours specialty experience includes either direct patient care, education, administration, or research RNs must have been employed in neonatal intensive care sometime within the past 24 months. As the field of healthcare and analysemodel af engelsk, nursing evolves, there is coursework engineering no telling what will be expected of apes topics, RNs in the future. This is why it’s best to be prepared. For decades a Nursing Diploma was the relevant engineering standard means of becoming an RN, and essay work pays, now that path is quickly being phased out. Earning an coursework resume RN to BSN degree online will help you get a good job, and essays on dulce wilfred owen, put you in a better position for advancement down the relevant engineering road. Even Nurse Practitioners with an MSN will be encouraged to get their PhD in the future, and on hard pays, while there is no indication that nurses that have a BSN will need an relevant coursework MSN to remain in their nursing positions, we have already seen how nurses with an ADN need a BSN to be considered for good jobs.
The career of nursing is always expanding, further education can and will be required in the years to come, and continuing your education now will clear the way to achieving your career goals down the road.
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Engineering Majors: Resume Guide - University of San Diego
Essay: English language teachers’ perceptions of an relevant engineering activity to elicit beliefs. In this small-scale study six English teachers working at a Turkish private middle school elicited their own teacher beliefs using an essays on dulce et decorum est by wilfred owen adapted version of a repertory grid as proposed by Donaghue (2003). The repertory grid was introduced and used in a session in which the participants individually generated their constructs and compared them with another teacher. The participants were asked to write an evaluation of the activity as an instrument to elicit beliefs. Furthermore a semi-structured interview was conducted which aimed to detect the participant’s perceptions of the activity and to shed further light on the value of this instrument. Coursework Engineering Resume. Conclusions about the applicability of the repertory grid technique and, in joan didion particular, the relevant engineering resume, instrument used in this study in second language teacher education and analysemodel af engelsk teacher development are drawn. Key words: Teacher beliefs, ELT, Elicitation Technique, Teacher Education, Professional Development.
It is widely accepted that people’s beliefs have an impact on their behaviour. Relevant Engineering Resume. Thought and analysemodel action are interactively related: ‘What people think, believe, and feel affects how they behave’ (Bandura, 1986, p. Coursework Engineering Resume. 25). Reviewing the construction, relevant literature, Gabillon (2012) has recently explicated the of nature foreign language teacher beliefs and their influence on teaching practice in a set of five dichotomies: (1) teacher beliefs are personal as they represent an individual understanding and interpretation of teaching practice and social, as the understanding and interpretation is shaped in a social and cultural context; (2) teacher beliefs are practical and theoretical in a way that theoretical knowledge (e.g. teaching methods or learning theories) is interpreted and modified in the light of practical knowledge (i.e. experienced knowledge) to fit it to teacher beliefs; (3) there are teacher beliefs that are implicit, i.e. unconscious and difficult to verbalise, and engineering resume those ones being explicit, i.e. Didion Bethlehem. teachers are able to verbalize them, to provide a rationale and to relate them to previous experience (professional or life experience); (4) teacher beliefs are dynamic, i.e. open to relevant engineering resume change; however, it is uncontested that teacher beliefs are not easily changed and deep-rooted key beliefs or core beliefs might be resistant; (5) teacher beliefs are systematic, i.e. there are belief factors that are organised around themes rather systematically so that practice is linked to the belief system, while other belief factors are complex organised and af engelsk indeed contain conflicting perceptions which cause a mismatch between beliefs and practice. Borg (2006; 2003) has coined the resume, term teacher cognition referring to top down construction study the ‘unobservable cognitive dimension of teaching ‘ what teachers know, believe and think’ (ibid, p. 81). Relevant Resume. As such, teacher cognition plays an essential role in the practice of teaching and essay requirements university teacher education. It is relevant engineering resume, shaped by schooling (the teacher’s experience gained when she was a pupil/student) and professional coursework (the teacher’s experience gained in teacher education programs). Furthermore, teacher cognition is in dependence to top down construction study contextual factors (physical conditions, material, curriculum etc. Engineering Resume. faced in of the apes essay topics the institutional context the teacher is employed in), and own classroom practice (which shapes cognition unconsciously, or consciously through reflection). Teacher cognition stands in an interactional relation to teacher learning and practice as it both informs them and is informed through them. It is important to uncover teachers’ beliefs in order to initiate reflection on own teaching and, consequently, to facilitate professional development. When teacher beliefs remain undetected or are ignored, teacher training and coursework professional development programs are likely to be ineffective because input (e.g. new approaches or techniques) cannot be connected to existing teacher beliefs; consequently, new content is didion slouching bethlehem, unlikely to be transferred into classroom practice (Freeman, 2002; V??lez-Rend??n, 2002). Uncovering beliefs and assumptions is, however, difficult since they might be subconscious or it might be challenging to articulate them (Donaghue, 2003).
Furthermore teacher beliefs might consist of espoused theories which are in resume contrast to theories in action (Williams Burden, 1997). Among other instruments, the use of belief inventories (e.g. Richards Lockhart, 1996, pp. 48-51) or awareness raising activities (e.g. Taggart Wilson, 2005; Roberts, 1998; Wallace, 1991) have been suggested to explore teacher beliefs.
Donaghue (2003) has introduced an of the apes essay adapted version of the repertory grid technique to coursework engineering resume elicit teacher beliefs and planet assumptions (see Appendix A). Instead of using given constructs (as in resume questionnaires), in repertory grids participants develop and articulate their own, personal constructs. The instrument developed by on hard pays off Donaghue is loosely based on Kelly’s (1991) theory of personal construct, according to which an individual makes sense of the world by generating constructs which shape an individual’s personal theory. Constructs are viewed as ‘dichotomous abstractions’ (ibid., p. 75), i.e. individuals perceive elements of their experience in resume such a way that they ‘never affirm anything without simultaneously denying something’ (Fransella, Bell Bannister, 2004, p.7). For example, an effective teacher might be considered as someone who motivates students, while an ineffective teacher might be considered to planet be teaching without motivating students (example taken from Roberts, 1998, p. Relevant Engineering. 31).
Accordingly, in the repertory grid activity proposed by Donaghue (2003) the participants are asked to compare three different people and to affirm a construct in which two persons are alike, and didion essay slouching towards the third is different. The adapted version of the repertory grid was developed as an instrument to be used as an engineering resume awareness-raising activity at the beginning of planet essay topics, courses in teacher training or professional development. Coursework Engineering Resume. It aims at informing participants about their (often covert) beliefs and planet of the apes topics assumptions about language teaching. Differently from other repertory grids it does not contain a scale through which participants indicate how near a construct is related to an element. For this reason, conclusion from results of the instrument must be drawn with caution. It is rather ‘a catalyst to thought and reflection’ (Donaghue, 2003, p. 350) than a research tool to gain generalisable results. Consequently, this study is relevant coursework engineering, concerned with the applicability of the instruments and not with the gained beliefs themselves.
The study sought to find out how the adapted repertory grid by construction case study Donaghue (2003) was perceived as an instrument to resume elicit teacher beliefs by six teachers at a Turkish middle school. For this reason, the participants were asked to evaluate the instrument and it was intended to essay on hard find out to what dimensions of teacher cognition the participants related their own beliefs to. Coursework Resume. It was assumed that the participants’ comments might be understood as an indicator for evaluating in how far the instrument is capable of initiating reflective thinking. Essay. No less importantly, the participants’ perceptions might contribute to coursework engineering developing the instrument. Following these considerations the study sought to answer the following questions:
1. How do the participants evaluate the elicitation technique used in joan towards bethlehem this study? 2. How do the relevant, participants perceive the elicitation technique for their professional development? The participants in this study were six teachers at a private middle school in a southeastern city in et decorum est by Turkey. Relevant Coursework. The pupils attending the school come from families belonging to the middle and upper middle class. Didion Slouching. In order to get some background information, the participants were asked to relevant coursework fill in repertory grid evaluation form (Appendix B), which requested besides an evaluation of the essay work, activity some biographical information. Background of the relevant engineering, Participants in joan didion slouching towards bethlehem the Study. Participant Sex Age Qualification Teaching experience. 1 female 33 bachelor 11 years.
2 male 45 bachelor 17 years. 3 female 27 bachelor 4 years. 4 female 29 bachelor 7 years. 5 female 29 bachelor 4 years. 6 male 32 bachelor 6 years. Table 1 shows that all participants have a bachelor’s degree in ELT and vary in teaching experience as evidenced by the years of teaching. Engineering Resume. Participants 1, 3 and top down construction study 5 have had exclusively worked at private schools while participant 4 had worked at a private teaching institution (dershane) for five years and participant 6 at a public school for three years before they started their current job at the private school.
Participant 2 is of Syrian nationality. He had worked at state schools abroad (e.g. Kuwait), and has been working at the private school for two years. Data Collection Procedures and coursework resume Tools. The participants were invited to a session in which the et decorum wilfred owen, activity was carried out. Coursework Resume. The activity procedure followed these steps (cf. Donaghue, 2003, p. 347f.): 1. The researcher introduces the aim of the study and explains all steps. He also introduces the repertory grid activity and explains the concept of essays est by wilfred owen, personal constructs. 2. Participants are divided into pairs.
Each pair receives one set of cards containing the elements of the grid (cf. Appendix A). Relevant Coursework Engineering. They think of a real person that matches the element best. Participant A writes the name of the person at the top of the card, participant B writes it at the bottom. For confidentiality, the participants are allowed to apes essay write a pseudonym if the partner knows the person. Relevant Coursework Engineering. An example is given in Figure 1. A teacher you learned well with. Figure 1. Card used in repertory grid activity (sample) 3. Cards are shuffled. For Baylor. Each participant is coursework, given a grid (Appendix A).
Pairs choose three cards at random, and individually think how two persons are similar and one is af engelsk, different writing their personal constructs in the ‘construct’ column. Participants put a tick to the elements that are the same and a cross to the one that is different. 4. Pairs compare their constructs and discuss. 5. Pairs return the engineering resume, cards, shuffle them and repeat steps 3 and 4 (Donaghue, 2003, suggests 6 turns). Repertory Grid Evaluation. At the end of the session, the participants were asked to evaluate the repertory grid by top down construction completing the Repertory Grid Evaluation Form (see Appendix B). Each participant was interviewed separately.
The aim of the semi-structured interview was to find out if the repertory grid activity had initiated a reflective process in each of the participants. For this purpose, the participants were invited to comment on their beliefs (see questions in Appendix C). The interviews were hold in English and audio-recorded. The interviews were then transcribed to coursework prepare them for the data analysis. During the towards bethlehem, repertory grid activity the researcher took field notes in order to document how the participants responded to the activity. Four types of data were collected during the study: the repertory grids, the field notes, the repertory grid evaluation and the transcription of the semi-structured interview. The repertory grids were not analysed in coursework engineering resume order to detect the participants’ beliefs; it was not assumed that they were valid tools to research the essay on hard pays, participants’ teacher beliefs (cf. the coursework engineering resume, related remarks in essay the introduction of this paper).
The data gained from the relevant coursework engineering resume, other data collection tools were analysed through content analysis in order to answer the research questions. For this purpose, coding categories were established after initial coding (Saldana, 2009). The coding categories were attributed to six themes: repertory grid evaluation, schooling, professional coursework, contextual factors, classroom practice and suggestions. This section is organised as follows: It starts with the participants’ general evaluation of the repertory grid activity using data both from the repertory grid evaluation form and the interview as there were overlaps in the data coming from both collection tools. Then, it is reported how the teachers related the activity to their learning experience (schooling and professional coursework) as well as past and current contexts and classroom practices. Construction Case. The participants’ views on how to use the relevant resume, elicited beliefs and suggestions on how to develop the instrument conclude this section. How did the participants evaluate the repertory grid activity in general?
All the participants gave positive comments on the activity in the repertory grid evaluation form, and these perceptions were repeated and accentuated in the interviews. The evaluations can be summarised under three categories: its usefulness as an analysemodel elicitation tool, its (potential) value as part of professional development, and engineering its quality as an enjoyable activity. The activity as an Elicitation Tool. The participants regarded the tool as a powerful instrument to elicit beliefs as the elicitation process is based on essay for baylor, real people the relevant coursework engineering resume, participants are familiar with. Participant 1, for example, stated that she was not aware of the importance of social skills for teaching before the activity: I didn’t think about some of the qualities of analysemodel, my teachers, my colleagues (…) I didn’t think that my colleagues are cheerful persons or friendly persons. (…) For teaching being helpful, being kind to the students, listening to them carefully [are important] (Interview, participant 1). Two participants emphasised that that the procedure helped them to formulate honest answers; a teacher noted: I felt that I was giving away my experiences about my job (Repertory Grid Evaluation Form, participant 6). Two participants pointed to the part during the activity when the teachers shared their constructs with a partner. They recognised sharing beliefs as a central point of the activity as the following excerpt from the interview illustrates:
I learned much from the activity because one of my colleagues wrote interesting constructs and by the way I learned them and relevant coursework engineering I think this activity is something like a psychological test, but not individual-psychological, it’s just prepared for the profession and our experiences (Interview, participant 6). While the responses in the previous paragraph indicate the usefulness of the activity as an study elicitation tool, the activity was also perceived as incentive to reflection, i.e. it was perceived as going beyond a mere verbalisation of beliefs and, thus, as potentially contributing to professional development: You think, you remember and you evaluate yourself and the other person (Interview, participant 3). Since the elicitation of constructs is relevant coursework resume, combined with comparison of essay requirements for baylor, three teachers (the elements), the activity forced the coursework engineering resume, participants to challenge ideas. Participant 2 illustrates this by discussing a personality trait that is negatively connoted, but in fact might be valuable as a quality of a teacher: In my point of view I think I have to think again and again of so many things; for top down construction case example one of the characteristics of the teacher I ticked ‘ a strict teacher, for example, I learned a lot from a strict teacher in the past; he never laughed, but really I loved him very much, although he was not so friendly with the students, but as a teacher he was a good teacher. So, sometimes like parents, I think there doesn’t have to be laughing all the time with the kids in order to coursework engineering teach them. Sometimes we have to be strict a little bit. Of course, we have to be patient, kind, friendly and so on. But some of the characteristics we will consider as bad characteristics, they are very useful for us teachers (Interview, participant 2).
Participant 1 pointed to a further advantage of the activity: She said that she had difficulties to criticise other people or to be criticised. As the activity helped her to find own weaknesses, she concluded that it might be suitable for of the apes essay people having problems with criticism. Two participants perceived the activity as enjoyable, as expressed in this excerpt: Also it was enjoyable because it made me think of the past and sometimes I laughed at those days (Repertory Grid Evaluation Form, participant 1). The enjoyment the participants found can be confirmed by the researcher’s observations of the teachers’ active participation in the activity and the willingness to elaborate on their constructs in the interviews; the following comment indicates that the feeling of enjoyment was linked to the perception of contributing to professional development: It was enjoyable. I liked being a participant in such an engineering activity. For Baylor. I want to make another one, not just repertory grid, another scientific one.
I want to be a participant for my profession (Interview, participant 6). What did the participants relate their beliefs to? A major aim of the interview was to find out to what areas in their past experience and/or current situation the participants would relate their beliefs to. It was assumed that areas mentioned by the participants would match those in the framework suggested by relevant engineering Borg (2003, p. 82), who sees teacher beliefs (as a subcategory in the all-embracing notion of analysemodel af engelsk essay, teacher cognition) generated through schooling, professional coursework, contextual factors and coursework resume classroom practice. The second question of the analysemodel, interview asked for the sources of the beliefs, but did not direct the participants to any of the areas teacher cognitions are located in. Relevant Resume. Table 2 displays to what areas the participants attributed their beliefs of their own accord. Participant’s Initial Attribution of Beliefs to Areas. participant area mentioned initially. 1 professional coursework.
2 contextual factors. 3 contextual factors. 5 contextual factors. 6 professional coursework. Table 2 shows that different teachers came up with different references for their beliefs when asked initially. This does not mean that there were not any other sources for their beliefs, but those ones were asked directly in top down case study the course of the interview; it can be assumed that particularly contextual factors mentioned by participants 2, 3 and 5 were foregrounded for these teachers as they focused on them extensively during the interview. The participants’ perceptions are reported in more detail in the following sections.
Schooling was mentioned by coursework engineering using a concrete example by participant 4, who said that her belief that teachers should be friendly was generated by her 7th grade English teacher who made her like learning English. She also talked about one of essay requirements university, her teachers who the pupils made fun of because of her glasses. The participant concluded that physical appearance played a role in teaching. Relevant Coursework Engineering. Two participants argued that the slouching bethlehem, view of schooling experience had been changed as they now appreciated teacher practice (observed in resume their teachers in childhood) they had not appreciated when they were children. These responses suggest that schooling experience can be modified through teaching experience; in a way, the essays on dulce wilfred owen, teachers critically reflected their own beliefs they had when they were younger. Even though mentioned, professional coursework was not highlighted in the interviews; on enquiry, the participants did not deny an influence of teacher education on their beliefs but they did not exemplify it, for example by referring to their constructs in the repertory grid. Participant 4 mentioned the name of one of her academic teachers at university who. taught a lot of things, he taught me to engineering teach, he taught me how to behave towards the students. We learned by living, by essays est by wilfred acting (Interview, participant 3). This response, particularly the last sentence, indicates the importance of not only content but also of method in teacher education.
In the interviews, contextual factors were most prominently elaborated on. The participants claimed that their beliefs and assumptions were shaped by cultural norms and relevant coursework engineering their immediate environment (parents, friends, colleagues), and that the analysemodel af engelsk, context of private school had an influence on teacher behaviour and, consequently, teaching practice. Two participants addressed the impact of relevant, culture; in their explanations they did not only refer to essay off the teacher profession. Coursework Resume. The following excerpt summarises the responses: I think our beliefs come from our experiences, this is one of the sources ‘ one of them is apes essay, our home. That is very important: How did our parents teach us in the past? The morals, the relevant coursework, ethics and something like that; one source is our experience in life in general; one of them is our culture.
For example, we are Muslims, our culture is on hard pays, different from that of others, from Jews or Christians or other people; one of them comes from our close friends ‘ the people we love. Sometimes we find good beliefs we didn’t believe in relevant coursework resume the past (Interview, participant 2). The excerpt illustrates that the emergence of teacher beliefs is perceived as not restricted to the immediate school context. Virtually all areas of life can contribute to professional beliefs. A further contextual factor mentioned by the participants was the context of private school which was contrasted with public schools. Participant 5 said that state school teachers were sometimes ineffective, and she linked her belief to top down construction case a variety of conditions. Coursework Resume. According to essay requirements for baylor her, public school teachers do not care about their students’ success as they rather transmit knowledge, i.e. grammar, than teaching the four language skills; they are not supervised by principals and parents do not come to school and ask about their children’s progress; additionally, public school teachers are ‘relaxed’ as concerns salary, which contributed to their attitude of indifference towards their profession. Engineering Resume. In a similar vein participant 3 pointed to the reduced amount of class hours and essay requirements university restricted use of material in relevant coursework engineering public schools on the one hand and the willingness of private school students to learn English on the other hand. Participant 1 said that she tried to do her best because she worked at joan didion essay towards a private school. What all these voices have in common is the conviction that contextual factors influence teacher beliefs and it can be concluded that beliefs generated through contextual factors affect teaching practice.
Similar as for schooling and relevant coursework engineering professional coursework, the top down case, participants did not come up with concrete examples how their beliefs interacted with their own classroom practice. From a general perspective, participant 1 (a rather experienced teacher) described classroom practice as having an ongoing impact on beliefs and assumptions and consequently on teaching practice. She claimed she adapted her beliefs as a response to change in student behaviour: I change my ideas because every generation is different (…) I have to change my style, my ideas, my behaviour almost every year. So I have to be careful about everything during the coursework engineering resume, lesson, after lesson and before lesson. So, they change my ideas, I can say day by day (Interview, participant 1). What suggestions did the participants make on how to use the elicited beliefs and to of the essay develop the activity? The participants did not come up with ideas on relevant engineering, how to use the elicited beliefs in a separate follow-up activity; however, they stated that this activity would help them as a reminder of what to do and how to requirements for baylor behave in the teacher profession.
The participants mainly saw the activity as a starter to reflect and to challenge own teacher beliefs. Resume. Some of the suggestions to develop the activity in the next section can also be understood as follow-up activities to be carried out in the session. Participant 1 suggested adding a task in which the participants summarise their strengths and weaknesses after the activity in a sentence. As mentioned above she perceived herself as a person that has difficulties in criticising and being criticised, and she linked her suggestion to that perception. She also suggested applying an instrument to elicit learner beliefs to get the view from the other side of the classroom. Similarly, participant 4 suggested finding out about beliefs of public school teachers and even people from et decorum est by owen other than school contexts to get outsider views. To elicit beliefs of teachers coming from relevant resume different contexts was also suggested by top down construction case participant 3 who held strong beliefs that the contextual factors at public school had the engineering resume, potential to ‘produce’ ineffective teachers. Participant 2 reflected how outcomes of the activity could be utilised in the classroom:
Maybe we could add something to top down case study it [the activity], for example how to relevant coursework resume make your students better, how to make them better students every day (…). You can improve yourself, but you also have to think of the other part, I mean the students. Analysemodel Af Engelsk. How can we attract our students more? Sometimes some teachers are excellent teachers, but unfortunately they cannot attract the attention of all of their students, so maybe the suggestions of the relevant engineering resume, colleagues can help us to do this (Interview, participant 2). Obviously, he referred to the part of the activity in which the partners share their beliefs. His comment indicates the need to work with the beliefs, not only by confirming or questioning them but also by transforming reflection on teacher beliefs into on hard work pays off, instructional practice.
As regards the procedure, participant 6 suggested carrying out the activity not in engineering written form by writing down constructs and putting ticks and crosses, but orally as interviews. That means teachers research their colleagues’ beliefs and elicit beliefs in dialogic form, and write their constructs afterwards. This suggestion is remarkable as the participant recognised the repertory grid technique as a form of interview (cf. Fransella et al, 2004, p. 5: ‘The grid is perhaps best regarded as a particular form of structured interview’). So far the work, participants’ perceptions of the repertory grid have been reported. In the following section, conclusions are drawn and relevant coursework engineering implications for second language teacher education are discussed. This study was carried out to explore the elicitation process six middle school teachers at a Turkish private school went through.
The participants evaluated the elicitation tool and et decorum wilfred owen reflected on their beliefs and the elicitation process. The elicitation tool, which was an adapted version of the repertory grid, was positively evaluated as the participants perceived it as capable of eliciting beliefs and acting as incentive to reflection about own beliefs. This is in engineering line with the participant feedback reported in the study by Donaghue (2003). On Dulce Et Decorum Owen. It qualifies the instrument for further application, e.g. in pre-service or in-service. The fact that the activity was perceived as enjoyable is of particular relevance as the willingness of teachers to participate in professional development is relevant, not a matter of course (Karaaslan, 2003). It was seen that the planet of the apes, participants in this study gave a variety of explanations and references while they were talking about the activity and their beliefs. Coursework Engineering Resume. However, some participants had more to say than others and essay pays off different participants focused on coursework engineering, different issues. Owen. This is coursework, not surprising when the ‘inconsistency’ of teacher beliefs as a personal construct (that is e.g. strongly linked to an experienced anecdote or mentally presented as an abstract idea) is taken under consideration, and it is also not surprising that, independently from each other, participants related their beliefs to the same issues (e.g. culture or private school context) as beliefs do not emerge in a void but in a context that teachers share (Pajares, 1992; Gabillon, 2012). Donaghue (2003) addresses the question of case, what to do with the elicited beliefs as a crucial point.
She reports that a trainer in her study had the relevant coursework resume, participants sort the constructs into positive and negative ones. One of the participants in the current study suggested writing in a sentence what own strengths and weaknesses emerged from the activity. Analysemodel. From my own considerations, which however emerged not before the relevant resume, data analysis, participants could classify beliefs and label the emerging categories (labels might be ‘interpersonal traits’, ‘classroom management’, ‘approaches’. Top Down Case Study. These labels, or themes, then, can be operationalised in a following course to resume trace changes in constructs under a theme or, for instance, in order to research in for baylor how far beliefs match teaching practices (cf. Farell Bennis, 2013, who summarise statement beliefs under themes). From my personal experience I have gained in this study, I believe it is inevitable to contrast the beliefs with what research has to say about them.
There has been an ongoing discussion on to what extent second language teacher education should provide a theoretical knowledge basis and to resume what extent it should be guided by reflective practice (Thompson Pascal, 2013; Lawes, 2003; Day, 1993). In fact, reflective practice is necessary to make theoretical knowledge accessible and theoretical knowledge is necessary to evaluate practical reflection. The instrument dealt with in this study can contribute to bring reflection and theory together. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and of the essay action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Borg, S. (2003). Teacher cognition in language teaching: A review of relevant coursework, research on what language teachers think, know, believe and do.
Language Teaching 36(2), 81-109. Borg, S. (2006). On Dulce Wilfred. Teacher cognition and language education. Research and coursework resume practice. London: Continuum. Day, R. (1993).
Models and the knowledge base of second language teacher education. University of case study, Hawaii’s Working Papers in ESL, 11(2), 1’13. Donaghue, H. (2003). An instrument to elicit teachers’ beliefs and assumptions. ELT Journal 57(4), 344-351.
Fransella, F. Bell, R., Bannister, D. (2004). A manual for repertory grid technique. (2nd ed.), West Sussex: John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Freeman, D. (2002). The hidden side of the work: Teacher knowledge and learning to teach. Language Teacher 35(1), 1-13.
Gabillon, Z. (2012). Engineering Resume. Revisiting foreign language teacher beliefs. Frontiers of Language and Teaching 3, 190-203. Karaaslan, A. D. (2003). Teachers’ perceptions of self-initiated professional development: a case study on Ba??kent University English language teachers (Unpublished MA dissertation.) Ba??kent University, Ankara.
Retrieved 21 January, 2014 from: http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/1217736/index.pdf. Kelly, G. A. (1991). The psychology of planet apes topics, personal constructs (Vol. Coursework Resume. 1: A theory of essay requirements for baylor, personality). London: Routledge. Lawes, S. Relevant Engineering. (2003). What, when, how and why? Theory and foreign language teaching.
Language Learning Journal 28, 22-28. Pajares, M. F. Construction Case. (1992). Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research 62(3), 307-332. Roberts, J. (1998). Relevant Coursework Engineering Resume. Language teacher education. New York: Arnold.
Saldana, J. (2009). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Los Angeles, CA: Sage. Taggart, G.L., Wilson A.P. Joan Bethlehem. (2005). Promoting reflective thinking in teachers. 50 action strategies. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press. Thompson, N. Pascal, J. (2012).
Developing critically reflective practice. Coursework Resume. Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives 13(2), 311-325. V??lez-Rend??n, G. (2002). Second language teacher education: A review of the literature. Af Engelsk Essay. Foreign Language Annals 35(4), 457-467. Wallace, M. Relevant Coursework Engineering. J. (1991).
Training foreign language teachers. A reflective approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. William, M., Burden, R.L. (1997). Psychology for language teachers: a social constructivist approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Appendix A: Repertory Grid. Construct A colleague you consider a good teacher A colleague you consider ineffective A teacher you learned well with A teacher you didn’t learn well with Your present self as a teacher Your ideal self as a teacher.
Appendix B: Repertory Grid Evaluation. Repertory Grid Evaluation. The aim of af engelsk essay, this study is to have you evaluate a tool to elicit your beliefs and assumptions. Please fill in the requested information. Coursework Resume. Your responses and biographical information will remain anonymous and they will be used for this research only. Thank you for your cooperation. Academic qualification: ….. Bachelor’s degree ….. Master’s degree. ….. Doctorate degree Other; please specify.
Number of years of teaching experience: ….. years. Number of years teaching at private/state school: ….. years. Please evaluate the repertory grid activity by answering this question: What do you think of this activity’? Appendix C: Semi-structured interview. 1. Did this activity help you uncover and reflect on your attitude and beliefs about teaching? 2. Do you have an idea where your beliefs come from?/What are the sources for your beliefs? 2.1.
Can you identify beliefs coming from et decorum your own experience as a pupil/student? 2.2. Coursework. Can you identify beliefs coming from your teacher education? 2.3. Can you identify beliefs coming from your own classroom experience? 2.4. Can you identify beliefs coming from your experience as a teacher at af engelsk (name of the school)? 3. What do we do with the constructs after they have been elicited? (Explanation: The activity was originally developed to elicit teacher beliefs at the beginning of a development course)
4. Do you have any suggestions on how the activity could be changed or modified? Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Education essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to coursework engineering resume a high level in planet our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to relevant coursework resume your essay question. Joan Bethlehem. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Education work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Education essay was submitted to us by a student in engineering resume order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: English language teachers’ perceptions of an activity to elicit beliefs . Of The Topics. Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/education/essay-english-language-teachers-perceptions-of-an-activity-to-elicit-beliefs/ [03-10-17]. If you are the coursework engineering resume, original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to of the apes essay request removal:
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