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Bank of draft America Fraud Analyst Interview Questions. Essay Book Report Format? Interviews for Top Jobs at Bank of America. 27 Candidate Interview Reviews Back to all Interviews. Your trust is our top concern, so companies can't alter or remove reviews. I applied online.
I interviewed at draft Bank of America. Standard interview questions. Questions asking about your previous work experience, why you#039;re interested. The process is overall easy and they are very quick aboUT doing the interviews and getting back to you. Yell us about yourself Answer Question Why did you pick fraud Answer Question Name a difficult time you had with someone and had did you resolve it Answer Question. Bank of America Response. Other Interview Reviews for Bank of us stupid essays America.
I applied online. Draft? I interviewed at Bank of America (Newark, DE) in May 2017. Great process. Great company. Everyone was friendly, interesting, interested, and a part of essays a great company culture. This company has improved so much since the of thesis purchase of Countrywide and the financial crisis of 2008 and essay book format, no doubt this is one of the draft greatest companies in the world. Bank of America Response. I applied online.
The process took a week. I interviewed at Bank of America (Atlanta, GA). Pretty standard process. You apply. Essay Format? They call. You do a phone interview. In my case I was out of town so my final interview was phone as well. They aren#039;t exactly looking for rocket scientists so as along as you are a normal, enthusiastic person, you will do fine. Why do you want to work for bank of America? Answer Question What is your customer service experience? Answer Question.
Bank of draft of thesis America Response. I applied online. The process took 3 weeks. I interviewed at Bank of America (Pasadena, CA). Straight forward, no drug test, one interview on phone, and one in essays of christmas, person with 3 people. Paid for parking, interview lasted about 35 minutes. Recruiter contacted me about a week earlier and finalized non-negotiable pay. Of Thesis? Explain why you would think you would fit into this role with our department Answer Question. Bank of America Response.
I applied online. The process took 1+ week. I interviewed at Bank of America in March 2015. Easy Interview with a panel and several other candidates. The managers took their time listening to each and would change the questions and proposal for research paper, just ask a couple of the people the same question. Tell me about draft of thesis, a time where you helped a team member. Answer Question.
Bank of America Response. I applied online. I interviewed at proposal for research paper format Bank of America. Waited about an draft of thesis, hour before being iterviewed. Went into a room with about 4 females sitting at a round table. Didnt tell me much about the role, and they didnt really ask any questions.
Wanted to know my background in Fraud because they didnt see it on my resume. Bank of America Response. I applied online. Essays? The process took 4+ weeks. I interviewed at of thesis Bank of America (Kennesaw, GA) in February 2015. 100 people in one crowded auditorium. They called us in to interview by of christmas the tens, like speeding dating.
They had about 8-10 interviewers, I believe they were all the managers. I was given 5 mins to shine, before being rushed off with the typical, #034;We#039;ll be in touch.#034; I honestly was surprised I got an offer, the of thesis manager was nice and of christmas, friendly, but he seemed plastic. In fact, right after he asked if I had any questions he got up and of thesis, headed out. I had to ask my question in the hallway on the way out. In their defense, they had a lot of candidates to interview, this interview was a day late due to bad weather. Making? I can only imagine the stress and rush they were under. Draft Of Thesis? I let that pass and accepted the book report job.
Typical behavioral questions, Tell me a time when you helped a difficult customer. Of Thesis? yadda yadda 1 Answer Why do you want to work at Bank of king arthur research paper outline America? 1 Answer. Bank of America Response. I applied through a staffing agency. The process took 2+ weeks. I interviewed at of thesis Bank of America (Fort Worth, TX) in February 2015.
It was suppose to be a group interview but with the amount of people, they did them individually. It#039;s very simple . If they are on time starring that is a plus. Do you see yourself with the company 1 Answer. Bank of America Response. Long but easy.
Just Smile. Just like most companies, the first impression counts. Essays Of Christmas? Look presentable and you#039;ll be ok. They have a lot of turnover so the pretty much hire everybody they can. No drug testing. That should give you an draft of thesis, ideal of who they will hire. Bank of America Response.
I applied through a recruiter. The process took 1+ week. I interviewed at Bank of America (Fort Worth, TX) in October 2014. General questions about how to handle stressful situations. Scenarios about bilingual chinese literature modern, previous employer, what i will be bringing to the company. My goals, if faced with a stressful situation, how would one handle it. Bank of America Response. At Bank of America, we’re creating real, meaningful relationships with individuals, businesses and communities to help them focus on what. #32; More.
This is the employer's chance to tell you why you should work for them. The information provided is from their perspective. Top Interview Questions Previous Next. Of Thesis? Would you like us to review something? Please describe the problem with this and we will look into it. Your feedback has been sent to the team and we'll look into it. Your response will be removed from the review this cannot be undone. Essays Of Christmas? This will replace the current featured interview for this targeted profile.
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Lancia Thesis Owner's Handbook Manual. Summary of draft Contents for Lancia Thesis. We are sure that these instruments will help you easily attune to and appreciate both your new car and the LANCIA team that will be on hand to book provide you with any help you may require. Best regards and have a great trip! This Owner Handbook describes all the THESIS versions. MUST BE READ!
REFUELLING Petrol engines: only refuel with unleaded petrol with octane rating (RON) no less than 95. Diesel engines: only refuel with diesel fuel conforming to draft the European specification EN590. The use of other products or mixtures may irreparably damage the engine with invalidation of the warranty due to of christmas the damage caused. If, after buying the car, you decide to add electrical accessories (that will gradually drain the battery), visit a Lancia Dealership. They can calculate the overall electrical requirement and of thesis, check that the car's electric sys- tem can support the required load. TRAVELLING SAFELY AND IN HARMONY WITH NATURE Safety and respect for the environment are the guidelines that inspired the THESIS design from the drawing board onwards. This concept has meant that the THESIS has been able to face and pass the strictest safety tests.
So much so that, from this point of of christmas view, the car is the draft of thesis best in its class and paper, has probably already incor- porated features that belong to the future. SAFEGUARDING THE ENVIRONMENT Safeguarding the environment has directed the of thesis design and college prowler, manufacturing of the THESIS right from the draft of thesis start. The result is the use of materials and the perfection of devices that can reduce or sweep- ingly reduce harmful influences on the environment. The THESIS is equipped with environment safeguarding devices which curtail harmful exhaust gas emissions, is making us stupid in writing essays ready to draft travel well ahead of the most stringent international pollution control stan- dards. DEVICES FOR REDUCING PETROL ENGINE EMISSIONS Three-way catalytic converter (catalytic exhaust pipe) The exhaust system is equipped with a catalyst made up of noble metal alloys; it is housed in a stainless steel container capable of withstanding the very high operating temperatures. The catalyst converts the unburnt hydrocarbons, the essay carbon monoxide and the nitric oxides found in the exhaust gases (though in small amounts, thanks to of thesis the electronic-injection ignition systems) into non-polluting substances. DEVICES FOR REDUCING DIESEL ENGINE EMISSIONS Oxidising catalytic converter This device converts the essay book report polluting substances in draft of thesis, the exhaust gas (carbon monoxide, unburnt hydro- carbons and particulates) into essay harmless substances, thus reducing the of thesis smokiness and of christmas, smell associat- ed with diesel engine exhaust fumes. The catalytic converter consists of a stainless steel case containing a honeycomb ceramic core in which there is the precious metal that carries out the catalysing action.
The texts, illustrations and technical specifications contained in this handbook refer to the car at the time of going to draft press. As part of our ongoing effort to improve our products, LANCIA may introduce technical modifications during pro- duction and therefore technical specifications and fittings may be altered without prior notice. SYMBOLS DANGER SYMBOLS Special coloured labels have been Battery Coil attached near or actually on some of Corrosive fluid. High voltage. the components of your THESIS. These labels bear symbols that remind you of the precautions to research be taken as regards that particular component. PROHIBITION SYMBOLS WARNING SYMBOLS Battery Catalytic converter Engine Keep away from naked Do not park over inflam- Use only the oil specified flames. Draft Of Thesis? mable materials. in section #x201C;Capacities#x201D;. chapter: #x201C;Protecting the emission control devices#x201D;.
Battery Keep away from chil- dren. Power steering Unleaded petrol vehicle Heat shields - belts -. CONTENTS GETTING TO KNOW YOUR CAR DRIVING YOUR CAR IN AN EMERGENCY CAR MAINTENANCE TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS INDEX. GETTING TO KNOW YOUR CAR DASHBOARD The presence and proposal format, the position of the of thesis instruments and warning lights may vary according to the version. Bilingual Chinese Modern Selected Series Zhou Zuoren? fig. 1. 1) Front door air outlets 20) Trip meter reset button (long pressure)/Button for deleting failure messages on draft of thesis the display (short pres- 2) Side window vents sure) 3) Side vents 21) Ignition switch 4) Instrument panel 22) CONNECT controls on essays the steering wheel (for con- trol description see the following pages) 5) Windscreen vent 23) Horn. CONNECT INFOTELEMATIC SYSTEM The key for this figure is on pages 16-17. fig. 2 L0A6001b.
The following pages describe the system controls and draft, main functions. Of Christmas? The Lancia navigation CONNECT CONTROLS (fig. 2) The car is provided with a special system helps driver while supplement dealing with CONNECT The CONNECT system functions. Legend Short push Long push (more than 2 seconds) (less than 2 seconds) #x2013; 1 #x2013; SOS Assistance services and draft of thesis, functions #x2013; Slot for navigator CD-ROM or Audio CD #x2013; Slot for cassette #x2013; 4 #x2013; CD Eject navigator CD-ROM or Audio CD #x2013;. Legend Short push Long push (less than 2 seconds) (more than 2 seconds) 14 #x2013; DARK DARK mode actuation: the is google us stupid in writing display is draft of thesis completely darkened #x2013; #xA3; Forwarding the phone call set Refusing the incoming phone call 15 #x2013; Accepting the incoming call Ending the ongoing call 16 #x2013;. CONTROLS ON THE STEERING B - Audio source selection: FM1, Cassette mode: fast tape rewind FM2, FM3-AS, MW, LW, CC, CD, with return to essay literature modern selected series zhou beginning of lis- WHEEL (fig. Of Thesis? 3) CDC, TV tened track or to essays of christmas previous track The main CONNECT function C - Turning down the volume CD/CDC mode: selection of controls are duplicated on the steer-. REMOTE CONTROL (fig. 4-5) The remote control functions can B - Turning down the volume be switched off and on again by C - Turning up the of thesis volume The infrared-ray remote control selecting the corresponding item of controls certain main functions of book format D - Radio mode: the of thesis SETUP function (set-up).
E - Radio mode: #x2013; long push = actuation of the CD mode: #x2013; short push = search for of christmas the #x201C;Scan#x201D; function with scanning of #x2013; short push = selection of pre- first radio station that can be the of thesis stations in the selected radio vious track tuned at a lower frequency band starting from the higher. AUDIO AND TV FUNCTION: CONTROL SUMMARIZING TABLE The TV and audio system (FM/AM radio and Cassette/CD/CDC player) functions can be switched on/off without dis- tinction by means of the controls on the CONNECT, the college 2 000 scholarship steering wheel or the remote control. To make it easier getting acquainted with the controls, a table is shown below with the various functions and draft, their respective control buttons. Function CONNECT buttons Steering wheel buttons Remote control buttons Long push on college prowler 2 000 no essay scholarship button N Long push on button #x2D9; Actuation of the Long push on of thesis SCAN+ button #x201C;Scan#x201D; function with scanning of the format stations in draft, the selected radio band starting from the king paper outline higher frequency ones Long push on button #xAF;. Function CONNECT buttons Steering wheel buttons Remote control buttons Short pressure of button #xAF; Short pressure of button #xAF; Search for previous track Short push on SCAN- button while playing a CD Selection of CD in CDC Press buttons 1 to 6 #x2013;.
SWITCH someone has tried to steal engaged automatically after remov- your car), Lancia ing the ignition key. Dealership to make sure it is draft still The key can be turned to format three dif- functioning properly before you ferent positions (fig. 6): start driving again. To set this mode, refer to the CON- vated automatically (#x201C;Autoclose#x201D; the draft of thesis battery might even explode. NECT supplement provided with function). Contact a Lancia Dealership.
In the car. any case, refer to paragraph #x201C;Jump starting#x201D;. In an emergency The steering column lock cannot be. MAR. Scholarship? If the engine Each time the ignition key is SYSTEM remains immobilised, try with the turned to STOP the Lancia CODE other keys provided with the car. If system will deactivate the engine you are still unable to start the draft To further protect your car from electronic control unit functions.
STOP for essays longer than 30 seconds. If the draft prob- lem persists, contact your Lancia Dealership. 2) If the symbol stays on, this means that the code has not been recognised. B - The mechanical key code to essay format be tem can be set in such a way that #x2013; remote door opening/closing; given to draft of thesis the Lancia Dealership when the door opening button is bilingual chinese literature modern selected zuoren when ordering duplicate keys. Draft? pressed, only the driver#x2019;s door or all #x2013;. The code numbers written on book report format the The key (fig. 9) has: #x2013; led F (where required) indicating CODE card must be kept in a safe code sending to the electronic alarm #x2013; metal insert A that can be place (not in the car). system receiver.
After activating the dead The metal insert A (fig. 10) of the Take the greatest care lock device it will be when pressing button B key operates: impossible to get out of draft of thesis (fig. 10), to essays avoid that the draft #x2013; ignition switch; the passenger compartment: for metal insert A can cause injury or this reason this device must be. Remote control By pressing button C, also the IMPORTANT The remote control alarm system will be switched off; by operation depends on different fac- The remote control is built into the pressing button D, the alarm system tors, such as possible interference key and has three buttons C, D and paper outline, E will be switched on of thesis and the key led with electromagnetic waves emitted. The remote control allows to control the functions that can be modified directly by the user, through the CONNECT set- ting menu, or by the Lancia Dealership. The following table lists the system options and bilingual literature selected zhou zuoren, the settings provided when the car is delivered to the customer.
Functions that can be Requested function Action performed on the Standard settings modified remote control Single short pressure #x2013; Electronic alarm of button D (fig. 9) switching on #x2013; Door and boot locking #x2013; Ceiling lights switching off Subsequent double short #x2013;. The metal insert of the draft key allows to control the functions that can be modified directly by the user, by means of the of christmas CONNECT setting menu, or by of thesis the Lancia Dealership. The following table lists the system options and the settings pro- vided when the car is essays delivered to the customer. ACTUATION LOGIC OF THE BOOT LOCK BY MEANS OF THE REMOTE CONTROL Bound to central Not bound to the central door locking door locking Central door locking system condition Press the boot button Press the remote Press the remote Press the remote control button control button control button. ACTUATION LOGIC OF THE BOOT LOCK BY MEANS OF THE METAL INSERT OF THE KEY Bound to the central Not bound to the central door locking door locking Central door locking system condition Operation to open Press the tailgate Turn the draft key clock- Turn the key clock- Turn the key clock- the boot. OPENING THE TAILGATE When tailgate opening is actuated, AUTOMATICALLY ACTUATED the alarm system disconnects the FUNCTIONS The tailgate can be opened from boot sensor and essays of christmas, the direction indica- The system automatically controls the draft of thesis outside by pressing the remote tors flash twice (except for the ver- the following functions (settings that control button E (fig.
KEY BATTERY REPLACEMENT Used batteries pollute To replace the battery: the essay book format environment. Dispose If the remote control battery is run #x2013; press button B (fig. Draft Of Thesis? 11) and of them in the special down, the symbol Y will appear on move the metal insert A to open containers as specified by current the instrument display, together position;. #x2013; cutting of battery cables; (built into the ignition key); control, go directly to a Lancia Dealership, taking with you the #x2013; moving bodies inside the of christmas passen- #x2013; radio-frequency receiver; CODE card, personal identification ger compartment (volumetric pro- #x2013;. #x201C;ALARM found a fault. Contact a Lancia FAULT#x201D;. Dealership. Draft Of Thesis? IMPORTANT When operating the central door locking with the metal insert of the key, the alarm is not activated. SWITCHING THE ALARM OFF VOLUMETRIC PROTECTION To ensure correct opera- tion of the essay literature modern selected series volumetric pro- To switch the alarm off, press the Do not leave passengers or pets in tection system, before acti- key button A (fig. 14). the draft of thesis parked car and completely close vating the alarm, check that win- the windows and the sunroof to essay literature modern zhou zuoren The following actions will be car-. IMPORTANT The anti-lifting sen- According to draft of thesis the markets, the FUNCTIONS THAT CAN BE sor shall be deactivated after about 1 alarm can operate the siren and college prowler, the DEACTIVATED minute from turning the draft of thesis key to direction indicators (for about 25 OR MODIFIED STOP.
The functions that can be modified MINISTERIAL HOMOLOGATION EASY ENTRY/EXIT through the essay report format CONNECT system In the respect of the legislation in SYSTEM menu are: force in each country in the matter #x2013; boot lock release by actuating of radio-frequency devices, please Versions provided with electric central door opening (*);. RECOGNITION himself so that the draft car can recognize taneous switching off of the outline elec- him, allowing him to get into the car tronic alarm SYSTEM (KEYLESS and draft of thesis, start the prowler 2 000 no essay engine without having #x2013; button C for remote actuation of to use the key. SYSTEM) central door locking, boot locking In any case, the CID device is. The emergency key actuates: The CID device check is draft carried out essay format To switch off the draft of thesis front passenger#x2019;s when the proposal paper format button inside the of thesis door airbag and the rear side bags, use #x2013; the chinese essay zhou zuoren front door locks handle or on the boot is pressed: if the emergency key included in the #x2013;. It is draft of thesis advised to always #x201C;GARAGE#x201D; POSITION IMPORTANT Do not remove the carry about with you the king arthur battery from the CID device until (EMERGENCY ACTUATION) CID device, avoiding to when its replacement is possible. During emergency or servicing leave it unguarded inside the Where system is unable to identify operations, the CID device shall be passenger compartment, because. For an emergency engine start up KNOB FOR ACTUATING MAR position proceed as follows: INSTRUMENT PANEL This is the running position and AND ENGINE START-UP #x2013; Lay the CID device into the emer- corresponds to: instrument panel on gency seat A (fig. 21) and steering column lock off. cessive rotation of knob A (fig. 22) Engine stop IMPORTANT User is not authorised to the STOP position, and it will not to move the car if the draft start-up knob is To switch the format engine off, turn the be possible to restart the car until a not turned to of thesis the position MAR. It is possible to set unlocking of book report format dri- the unlocking with the emergency key #x201C;Jump starting#x201D;); then, contact a ver#x2019;s door only or the contemporary Lancia Dealership to have the draft of thesis bat- F (fig.
19). unlocking of all the doors, by the set- tery recharged. LOCKING THE DOOR AND TAILGATE OPENING AUTOCLOSE FUNCTION LEAVING THE CAR (with the (AUTOMATIC LOCKING If the boot shall be opened from identification system disabled) OF DOORS, BOOT, outside, with the king arthur paper outline doors locked, it is AND FUEL FILLER FLAP) enough to draft of thesis get near the for research paper boot with the To lock doors when system func- CID device and press the boot but- tions are disabled, proceed as fol-. #x2013; If there is a fault in the identifi- The Autoclose function can be CENTRAL LOCKING/OPENING cation system (Keyless System). influenced by draft the presence of elec- OF WINDOWS AND SUNROOF tromagnetic noises; in these cases #x2013; If the CID device battery is flat. When central door locking is lock the doors with the remote con- switched on/off, also the making in writing essays central. CID device (e.g. into a pocket). whereas the other doors remain IMPORTANT In case of fault, con- locked, thus preventing un-autho- tact your Lancia Dealership. rized persons from getting into the car. In this case, the led on draft of thesis the dri- Before and during auto- ver#x2019;s door panel lights up (green. Dispose this is required. reason, your Lancia of them in the special Dealership, bringing with you all containers as specified by current the chinese essay series zuoren keys and CID devices in your legislation.
Keep batteries away. To replace the draft battery: IMPORTANT Although the pres- DOORS ence of for research electromagnetic waves is not #x2013; remove the of thesis small cover A (fig. 26) harmful to the CID device, it can nev- by levering at point B ertheless influence battery life cycle. #x2013;. To unlock, turn the key clockwise The car is fitted with power locks In an 2 000 scholarship emergency (flat battery or 1; to lock, turn the key counter- that control the mechanical parts at electric system failure), doors can be clockwise 2. door opening. The front door leds are also used as In this case, the draft of thesis driver#x2019;s door led Deadlock device deterrent leds for king arthur research paper the alarm system; comes on with green light, whereas The deadlock device enables to dis- as a consequence, they will flash the leds on the other doors will connect mechanically the draft internal when the modern zhou alarm system is on or the. With dead lock OPENING/CLOSING FROM A led is located near each door device on, pressing the handle to draft of thesis make it easy to essay report format find the draft THE INSIDE external handle button of handle in the dark. Bilingual Zhou Zuoren? The leds light up To open the door even when the one of the doors while unlocking for about 2 minutes after turning the lock is locked, pull handle A (fig.
Disabling rear door CHILD LOCK IMPORTANT After engaging the draft of thesis lock, check by trying to open a rear locking/unlocking controls To prevent opening the rear doors door with the internal handle. from the inside. To disable rear door locking/un- locking controls, press the driver's Engage by inserting the tip of the ig- door button A (fig. AUTOCLOSE FUNCTION LOCK RELEASE IN CASE OF In any case, door open- from outside (AUTOMATIC LOCKING ACCIDENT depends on the door con- WITH KEYLESS SYSTEM In case of collision with actuation ditions after collision: RECOGNITION SYSTEM) of the book inertia switch, the door locks deformed doors cannot very often are automatically released to allows On versions equipped with Keyless. FRONT SEATS MANUALLY ADJUSTABLE SEATS ELECTRICALLY ADJUSTABLE (Moving the seats backwards or SEATS Only adjust the driver#x2019;s forwards) (fig. 39) Electric adjustment of seats is pos- seat when the of thesis car is sta- sible under one of the following con- Lift lever A and push the essay book seat for- tionary. fig. 41 - Electrically adjustable Seat position adjustment - Head restraint position adjust- seats, position memorization and control A (fig.
42) ment - control B (fig. 43) heating 7 - Head restraint raising 1 - Front raising A - Height and back and forth 8 - Head restraint lowering. Control C (fig. 40) STORING THE DRIVER#x2019;S SEAT Adjust the of thesis position of the seat, head restraint, external rear view POSITIONS (fig. 46) 5 - Lumbar support increase mirrors and steering wheel by means The system allows to essays of christmas store and of the relevant controls, then press 6 - Lumbar support decrease recall three different driver#x2019;s seat for about 3 seconds any of buttons. Stored position are recalled only if If the engine is draft of thesis started during the To store the position proceed as the required position is in writing different recalling stage, seat moving will be follows: from the current one and draft, is not pos- stopped; once this stage is over essays, the #x2013;. Recalling the draft of thesis #x201C;parking#x201D; position IMPORTANT The #x201C;parking#x201D; posi- COMFORT SEATS (fig. 47) tion memorisation and king research paper outline, recall can of the external rear view mirror Button A on front Comfort Seats only be performed with ignition key on passenger side enables to actuate the respective con- at of thesis MAR. HEAD RESTRAINTS (fig. Essays Of Christmas? 48) Remember that the of thesis head ARMREST (fig.
49) restraints should Where provided, front head The armrest A can be adjusted up adjusted to support the restraints can be adjusted electrical- or down to three different positions. back of your head and not your ly, so as to for research paper adapt to the driver#x2019;s To lift the draft armrest, pull it from neck. REAR SEATS Remember that the head Certain versions (where provided) restraints should have a button A (fig. 52) on the cen- adjusted to support the tral console for lowering, with igni- back of essay your head and not your tion key at MAR, the rear side head HEAD RESTRAINTS neck. ARMREST #x2013; button for opening/closing the HEATING (fig. Draft? 55) electric sunshade Lower the armrest to the position To switch side seat heating on, turn shown for king research paper use by pulling the of thesis lever A #x2013; current socket knob A (left-hand seat) or B (right- (fig. COMFORT SEATS #x2013; for approx. 3 minutes with key F #x2013; Electric sunshade control but- removed or turned to STOP and ton. Essay Format? Side Comfort seats are fitted with with door open. Of Thesis? independent control buttons for IMPORTANT To allow system heating, lumbar adjustment, mas- Armrest compartment control but- automatic configuration, press the sage and adjusting function;.
The adaptive function makes it Left-hand seat adjustment Left-hand seat heating possible to adapt the seat back to the (fig. For Research? 57) Button D (fig. 56) passenger thus improving comfort 7 #x2013; Lumbar support increase To switch seat heating on, turn and back support. STEERING WHEEL Steering wheel position is stored It is absolutely forbidden together with external rearview mir- to of thesis carry out essay whatever af- ror position, when storing the dri- ter-market operation in- ver#x2019;s seat position. volving steering system or steering Only make adjustments column modifications (e.g.: instal- when the car is draft of thesis station- lation of king anti-theft Device) that. REARVIEW Automatically adjustable (fig. 61) EXTERNAL REARVIEW MIRRORS The mirror is of thesis automatically set to MIRRORS day and night position, irrespective- External rearview mirrors have flat ly of exterior lights. Format? surface and can be heated and adjusted automatically when the INTERNAL REARVIEW MIRROR The mirror sets always in day posi- ignition key is at MAR.
Press switch A (fig. 62) to of thesis adjust If the paper mirrors make it Automatic rearview mirror the mirror in the four directions difficult to get through realignment (fig. 63). Draft Of Thesis? After adjusting, turn switch narrow gaps and in auto- Rearview mirror position is stored, A back to position 0 to prevent mov- matic car washes, fold them from together with the steering wheel. Regular operation is restored if no force, which is destined to protect malfunction is present: otherwise passengers leaning out of the win- contact a Lancia Dealership. College Prowler 2 000 No Essay? dows. Of Thesis? Therefore, in case of making in writing essays unlawful In the event that the system detects intrusions from the outside, the anti- a malfunction, the draft failure message trap safety device could not activate. CONTROLS Front windows C #x2013; Rear left window opening/clos- ing, #x201C;continuous automatic#x201D; opera- Electric windows work with igni- Press buttons A or B to open/close tion just during window opening tion key at MAR. the required window (driver or pas- senger side). Pressing briefly the proposal for research paper button the win- MANUAL AND AUTOMATIC CENTRALISED WINDOW AND dow #x201C;jerks#x201D;, whereas a prolonged OPERATION SUNROOF OPENING/CLOSING pressing makes the window opening SYSTEM Front and rear window winders or closing in #x201C;automatic and continu- can be operated both automatically Centralised window and sunroof ous#x201D;. To activate centralised window and SEAT BELTS Pull the of thesis seat belt gently. If it jams, sunroof opening, keep button A (fig. Format? let it rewind a little and pull it out 68) pressed for over 2 seconds after again without jerking. opening the doors: window and sun- HOW TO USE To release the draft seat belts, press but-. When the car is parked on a steep When the essay book format rear seats are not occu- ADJUSTING THE HEIGHT OF slope the reel mechanism may block; pied, use the draft spaces provided in the THE FRONT SEAT BELTS this is paper outline normal.
The reel mechanism cushion to stow the belt buckles (fig. The preten- sioners should be replaced at a A small amount of smoke may be Lancia Dealership as this date produced. Draft? This smoke is in essays of christmas, no way approaches. toxic and of thesis, presents no fire hazard. (fig. For Research Paper Format? 73). Do not use starting. Of Thesis? face or low obstacles such as any objects (pegs, stoppers, etc.) kerbs, etc. Is Google Making Us Stupid? Contact a Lancia to keep the belts away from the Dealership for any assistance. body.
For maximum safety. Always impediments. contact a Lancia Dealership. 2) After a serious accident, replace If the belt has been subjected to the belt being worn at that time, heavy stress, for example after an of thesis even if it does not appear damaged. CARRYING SERIOUS DANGER For optimal protection in proposal for research paper format, the event Should it be ab- of a crash, all passengers must be CHILDREN solutely necessary seated wearing adequate to carry a baby on the front pas- restraint systems. Of Thesis? SAFELY senger seat with a child's seat with This is of christmas especially relevant for chil- the cradle facing backwards, de- dren. (fig. 77). Group 1 weight 9-18 kg We recommend using Lineaccessori Lancia child restraint systems for draft Group 2 weight 15-25 kg each weight group. These systems Group 3 weight 22-36 kg were specifically designed and tested for Lancia cars. GROUP 1 There are child restraint GROUP 2 for college scholarship groups 0 and 1 which Children from 9 to 18 kg are to be Children from 15 to 25 kg can be are fastened with the car seated facing forward in child seats secured directly with the car seat seat belts by means of an attach- with front cushion. European Standard ECE-R44 for the specified #x201C;Groups#x201D; B = Built-in restraint system approved for draft this range of weight (integral child#x2019;s seat opt.) L = Suitable for certain child#x2019;s restraint systems available at Lineaccessori Lancia for the specified group fig.
80. Below is a summary of the rules 4) Always check the seat belt is chinese modern zhou PRESETTING FOR MOUNTING of safety to be followed for carry- well fastened by pulling the draft of thesis web- THE #x201C;ISOFIX TYPE#x201D; CHILD ing children: bing. RESTRAINT SYSTEM 1) Child restraint system should be 5) Only one child is to be strapped THESIS is is google us stupid preset for draft of thesis mounting the fitted on the rear seat as this is the. Only use Isofix type child restraint Mount child Mounting the book ISOFIX TYPE systems specifically designed, tested restraint system only with child restraint system and approved for this car. the draft of thesis car stationary. Arthur? The Groups 0 and 0+ Isofix child restraint system is properly anchored to the mount- For children included in draft of thesis, this ing brackets when clicks are. For proper mounting, proceed as #x2013; identify the is google making us stupid brackets A (fig.
83) Group 1 follows: and mount the child restraint system When the child grows up and of thesis, with the retainers C (fig. Bilingual Literature Zuoren? 83) aligned #x2013; remove the draft upper tether on the reaches the bilingual chinese modern selected next weight group to the brackets;. For proper mounting, proceed as FRONT AND SIDE It consists of an instantly inflatable follows: bag housed in a special compart- AIRBAGS ment located: #x2013; remove the upper tether on the back of the child's restraint system; #x2013; in the centre of the steering wheel The car is equipped with front on the driver#x2019;s side A (fig. The front airbag (driver and pas- The cushion immediately inflates, Front air bags are designed to pro- senger) has been designed to draft protect placing itself as a soft protective bar- tect car#x2019;s passengers in front/angled the occupants in the event of is google us stupid essays head- rier between the body of the front crashes and therefore non-activation on/angled collision of draft medium-high. MANUALLY DEACTIVATING PASSENGER#x2019;S FRONT AIRBAG SEVERE DANGER: THE PASSENGER#x2019;S FRONT passenger#x2019;s airbag AIRBAG equipped with designed and calibrated to protect a front passenger#x2019;s airbag, do not The passenger#x2019;s front airbag can be person wearing seat belts. place the child restraint seat on deactivated if it is absolutely neces- the front seat. Only turn the switch 2) Passenger#x2019;s front airbag deacti- IMPORTANT To receive the best vated (position OFF F): instru- when the engine is not system protection in the event of an us stupid in writing essays ment panel warning light F on. A running and the ignition accident, you have to seat in proper key is of thesis removed. SIDE AIRBAGS #x2013; the king paper window bags, which are #x201C;cur- In the event of side collisions at low tain#x201D; cushions located behind the of thesis speed, the restraining action of the (SIDE BAG - WINDOW BAG) side coverings of the roof and cov- seat belts is sufficient and proposal for research format, the airbag Purpose of the side airbags is to ered by proper finishings such to. Stop the car and IMPORTANT When the airbag is draft of thesis contact Lancia Dealership to have fired it emits a small amount of the system checked immediately. powder and essay format, smoke. This is not. THE REAR SIDE BAGS 1) Passenger#x2019;s front airbag active airbag system must exclusively be (where provided) (position ON #xD5; ): instrument panel carried out at a Lancia Dealership. #xC0; warning light off.
Do not carry Side bags, protecting the chest of of thesis If you are having the car scrapped, children on the front seat. Stop the book report car and in a collision. the car is stationary if it is draft of thesis hit by contact Lancia Dealership to have another vehicle travelling at suit- the system checked immediately. Proposal Format? able speed. As a consequence, never sit children in the front seat, even if the car is not moving. When the ignition key is The airbag is set to be The airbag does not turned to MAR (passenger fired in the event of colli- replace seat belts but front airbag and rear side sions which are greater rather increases their bag deactivation switch at ON), than the pretensioner settings. LIGHT SWITCH LIGHT SWITCH (fig. 94) Dipped beam headlights It has 5 positions: These lights come on when you AND STEERING turn ring A to draft of thesis 2. Making Us Stupid? 0 - outside lights off COLUMN STALKS 6 - side/taillights Parking lights The devices and services controlled 2 - dipped beam headlights With ignition key at STOP or by light switch and draft, steering column. Automatic switching on/off With automatic switching on acti- IMPORTANT When switching on proposal for research format vated and switching off control the headlights automatically, it is When ring A is turned to AUTO given by the sensor, main beam possible to switch on the front and and the ignition key is at MAR, headlights go off followed after rear fog lights. At each operation of the of thesis tact a Lancia Dealership as soon as for evaluating light intensity in bilingual essay selected, run- stalk, the staying on of the lights is ning direction in of thesis, order to recognize possible. After activating the device, the set LEFT-HAND STALK If main beam headlights time can be extended also within 2 are on (left stalk for- The left-hand stalk controls the minutes from when the engine is college no essay scholarship wards), they will turn on draft of thesis external lights and the direction turned off by is google pulling the of thesis stalk. IMPORTANT This operation will RIGHT-HAND STALK 4 - Fast temporary (unstable posi- flash the main beam headlights. Chinese Literature Modern Selected Series? tion): when releasing the stalk it The right-hand stalk controls all Follow the Highway Code to prevent returns to draft 0 stopping the college 2 000 no essay scholarship windscreen the washer/wiper controls. The wiper stops working a few IMPORTANT Under certain con- The rain sensor is automatically strokes after releasing the stalk; a ditions, when headlight washers are switched on when the stalk is taken further #x201C;cleaning stroke#x201D;, after a on, the climate control system acti- to position 1 (fig.
Turning the knurled ring A (fig. Draft? Operating the windscreen washer When the rain sensor is prowler no essay again acti- 100) it is possible to draft of thesis increase the of christmas with the rain sensor activated (stalk vated in this way, at least one wind- sensitivity of the rain sensor, obtain- at position 1) the normal washing screen wiper stroke occurs, even if ing a quicker change from stationary. #x2013; straks of draft of thesis water caused by worn vate continuous wiping (1 wiper blades speed); contact a Lancia Dealership as soon as possible. #x2013; difference between day and night(the human eye is more dis- turbed at night by the wet surface of the glass). INSTRUMENT PANEL PETROL VERSIONS (fig. 101) fig. 101 L0A0230b A - Engine coolant temperature C - Multifunction display for sym- F - Flash consumption gauge gauge with overheating warning bols/messages/failure indications G - Warning lights light and CONNECT info repetition H - Kilometre counter (and trip B - Speedometer D - Engine rev. JTD VERSIONS (fig.
102) fig. 102 L0A0231b A - Engine coolant temperature C - Multifunction display for sym- F - Flash consumption gauge gauge with overheating warning bols/messages/failure indications G - Warning lights light and CONNECT info repetition H - Kilometre counter (and trip B - Speedometer D - Engine rev. INSTRUMENTS REV COUNTER (fig. 104) IMPORTANT The hazard sectors can present different widths and dif- If the needle is in the hazard sector ferent full scale values according to (the section with red lines) it shows the various car versions. that the engine is over-revving. It starts stop the engine immediately and approximately 10 litres of fuel in the signalling the temperature when this contact a Lancia Dealership. tank. reaches approximately 50 #xB0;C. IMPORTANT The needle may The needle should usually be on. IMPORTANT Refuelling shall FLASH CONSUMPTION GAUGE The gauge needle has the bilingual chinese essay literature series zuoren following always be performed with engine off position: (fig. 107) and ignition key to STOP.
If the draft of thesis #x2013; value 0 l/100 km with car sta- Gauge A shows the flash consump- engine is bilingual chinese essay literature modern selected off but the key is to MAR, tionary tion: to prevent excessively variable. KILOMETRE COUNTER (AND Press button A (fig. Of Thesis? 109) for at MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY least two seconds to reset the bilingual chinese selected series zhou zuoren trip TRIP METER) AND AUTOMATIC (fig. Of Thesis? 110) meter. College Prowler 2 000? GEARBOX The multifunction display shows When pressing the button for less all the useful information necessary The following information is shown than two seconds, failure message when driving, more particularly. Car conditions CONNECT information Driver#x2019;s aiding system information Information managed by of thesis CONNECT: #x2013; Scheduled servicing #x2013; Cruise Control info #x2013; AUDIO function info #x2013; Engine oil level (JTD versions #x2013; Radar Cruise Control info #x2013; NAVIGATOR info (symbol repe- only) tition) The language used for indicating #x2013;.
START-UP CHECKS When turning the ignition key to MAR to king arthur outline start the engine, the system starts monitoring the main car sys- tems, the engine oil level (JTD ver- sions only) and indicates the next Scheduled Servicing. Check stage Message Meaning of the message Remarks Warning light/symbol #x2013;. Use the dipstick to check that OIL LEVEL could exceed the oil level is not exceeding the of thesis maximum the making in writing MAX reference line If oil level is exceed- ing the MAX refer- ence line contact a Lancia Dealership as soon as possible. EXPIRED: 0 km perform the draft of thesis Scheduled programmed Scheduled Service Service operation operation Contact a Lancia Dealership as soon SCHEDULED Indicates that one year has as possible to carry out the pro- SERVICE past since last Scheduled. INSTRUMENT GENERAL NOTES Failure indications displayed on paper the multifunction display are divid- Failure indications shown on the PANEL WARNING ed into draft of thesis two categories: very serious multifunction display together with failures and serious failures.
The LIGHTS AND buzzer sounding and warning light message and the warning indication (if any), are accompanied by spe- MESSAGES. The message and the warning indi- LEFT DIRECTION SIDE/TAILLIGHTS #x178; cation corresponding to serious fail- INDICATOR The warning light comes ures are displayed alternately for on when side/taillights or The warning light comes few seconds. This #x201C;cycle#x201D; is repeat- parking lights are on. on when left direction indicators are ed for about 20 seconds and paper outline, then on and, together with right direction. The warning light goes off if the number of cases, they could trig- fault disappears but it is however ger accidentally. Stop the car and stored by the system. contact Lancia Dealership to have the draft of thesis system checked immediately. In these conditions it is possible to continue driving without however requiring heavy effort or high speed from the engine. In any case, contact a Lancia Dealership as soon as If, turning the ignition key to MAR, the essay selected series zhou U warn- possible. ABS system. It is however recommended to con- tact a Lancia Dealership as soon as possible.
In this case heavy brak- In the event of instrument panel ing may cause the draft rear. In the event of instrument panel ment panel display, contact warning light failure, the warning immediately Lancia light on the multifunction display Dealership. comes on bilingual chinese essay modern selected zhou together with message #x201C;ESP INDICATOR FAULT#x201D;: con- tact a Lancia Dealership as soon as possible. MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY Screen A (failure message) and B (warning message) (fig. Draft Of Thesis? 111) are an WARNING LIGHTS AND example of the indications displayed MESSAGES alternately. The following pages give a list of monitored car systems or parame- ters and the corresponding symbols, failure and no essay, warning messages that could be shown on the multifunction display.
Instrument dimmer Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message Remarks #x2013; DIMMER Indicates the set lighting INSTRUMENT level (for instrument panel, display and buttons) Steering wheel lock Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message Remarks STEERING LOCKED WHEN Steering will be locked when #x2013;. Doors Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message Action DOOR OPEN The door indicated by the symbol Close the door indicated is not closed correctly DOORS OPEN The doors indicated by the sym- Close the doors indicated bol are not closed correctly. Window anti-trap safety system Message Meaning of the message Action Warning light/symbol WINDOW ANTI-TRAP Front left-hand window Contact a Lancia SYSTEM FAULT anti-trap system sensor Dealership FRONT LEFT fault GO TO DEALER WINDOW ANTI-TRAP Front right-hand window. Lancia CODE, Keyless System (CID device) and alarm system Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message Action ALARM FAULT Alarm system Contact a Lancia GO TO DEALER failure Dealership THEFT Theft has been See paragraph #x201C;Electronic ATTEMPTED attempted alarm#x201D; VEHICLE PROTECTION. When outside temperature is draft high symbol displaying can be unper- ceivable #xE8; PLUG PREHEATING Plug preheating system Contact a Lancia FAULT fault Dealership GO TO DEALER Fuel level Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message.
SWITCH OFF ENGINE, sioners could not trigger in chinese literature modern zhou zuoren, the event of DO NOT PROCEED collision or, in a restricted number of cases, they could trigger accidentally. Draft Of Thesis? Stop the car and contact Lancia Deal- ership to have the system checked im- mediately. System setting in progress #x2013; UNAVAILABLE ABS SYSTEM FAULT ABS system failure: Contact a Lancia Dealership GO TO DEALER in essay literature modern, this case the braking system keeps its effectiveness, but without the potential offered by the ABS system. Of Thesis? Drive with the. Meaning of the message x EBD SYSTEM FAULT EBD system failure Stop the car and contact a SWITCH OFF ENGINE, Lancia Dealership DO NOT PROCEED The car is fitted with an electronic brakeforce distributor (EBD). The turning on at the for research paper format same time of of thesis . Message Meaning of the message Action EPB FAULT Electric parking brake Contact a GO TO DEALER failure Lancia Dealership EPB INDICATOR FAULT Electric parking brake Contact a GO TO DEALER warning light failure Lancia Dealership EOBD (engine control system) Message. Car speed Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the is google making in writing message Action SPEED LIMIT Car speed is of thesis exceeding Reduce car speed EXCEEDED the limit set on proposal for research the CONNECT SLOW DOWN Cruise Control Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message Remarks #xDC; CRUISE CONTROL The Cruise Control (constant speed adjusting device) is draft activated.
#xE0; RADAR CRUISE CONTROL Radar Cruise Control Contact a FAULT failure Lancia Dealership GO TO DEALER #xE0; RCC FAULT DIRTY LENS System failure is due to radar Contact a GO TO DEALER sensor #x201C;blindness#x201D;. (COMFORTRONIC) failure DEALER SLOWLY AUTOMATIC TRANSMIS- Electronic automatic Turn the engine off and contact SION OIL TEMP. HIGH transmission (COMFORTRONIC) a Lancia Dealership SWITCH OFF ENGINE, DO NOT PROCEED is too hot Power steering (VARIOSTEER) Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message. Headlamp inclination adjustment system Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the proposal for research paper format message Action HEADLAMP INCLINATION Headlamp inclination Contact a Lancia ADJUSTMENT adjustment system Dealership SYSTEM failure FAULT GO TO DEALER Brake fluid level Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message Action. Engine oil pressure SENSOR FAULT sensor failure GO TO DEALER Low battery charge Message Meaning of the message Action Warning light/symbol ALTERNATOR FAULT Current generator Drive slowly to a Lancia GO TO failure resulting in Dealership DEALER SLOWLY poor car battery charge. Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message Action WORN BRAKE PADS Brake pads are worn Contact a Lancia GO TO DEALER Dealership IMPORTANT Since the draft car is fit- ted with wear sensors for the front brake pads, when changing them. #x201C;Car maintenance#x201D; Side/taillights Message Meaning of the message Action Warning light/symbol SIDE LIGHT FAULT Front left-hand side light Contact a Lancia FRONT LEFT doesn#x2019;t turn on Dealership GO TO DEALER SIDE LIGHT FAULT Front right-hand side light Contact a Lancia FRONT RIGHT doesn#x2019;t turn on.
Direction indicators Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the paper format message Action INDICATOR LIGHT FAULT Front left-hand direction Contact a Lancia FRONT LEFT indicator doesn#x2019;t turn on Dealership GO TO DEALER INDICATOR LIGHT FAULT Front right-hand direction indica- Contact a Lancia FRONT RIGHT tor doesn#x2019;t turn on. Number plate light Message Meaning of the of thesis message Action Warning light/symbol NUMBER PLATE LIGHT One or both number plate lights Contact a Lancia FAULT GO TO DEALER don#x2019;t turn on Dealership Inertia switch (Fuel cut-off switch) Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the message. Lancia SENSOR FAULT failure Dealership as soon as possible GO TO DEALER Parking sensors Warning light/symbol Message Meaning of the prowler message Action PARKING SENSOR One or more parking sensor Contact a Lancia FAULT failure Dealership GO TO DEALER. Twilight sensor Message Meaning of the message Action Warning light/symbol TWILIGHT SENSOR The twilight sensor, for switching Contact a Lancia FAULT on/off automatically the external Dealership GO TO DEALER lights is of thesis faulty Engine oil level sensor (JTD versions) Message Meaning of the message. CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM L0A6018b fig.
112. 1 - Windscreen defrosting/demist- The climate control system can be The air is chinese essay literature modern selected let into the passenger ing vents operated in one of the following compartment through a set of vents ways: on the dashboard, on the front door 2 - Front side windows defrost- panels, on the rear central tunnel, on ing/demisting vents #x2013;. DIRECTIONAL AND The amount of air is adjusted with Fixed vents C (fig. 114) for control B: demisting or defrosting the front ADJUSTABLE VENTS O = all open side windows are located at of thesis the (fig. 113-114-115-116-117) dashboard ends. #xE7; = all closed. The vents can be turned upwards or downwards and towards the left and the right with control A.
AIR VENTS Air vents (open) are actually used IMPORTANT When the outside only when the 2 000 control for directing temperature is very high (over 30#xB0;C), The car is fitted with three air air flow on the instrument panel is to reach the selected temperature as vents set on the dashboard: two operated. AUTOMATIC Temperature check is based on the Parameters and of thesis, functions auto- #x201C;heat balance#x201D; concept, which matically controlled are the follow- CLIMATE means that the book format system works con- ing: stantly to of thesis keep a regular balance CONTROL SYSTEM #x2013; temperature of research paper air let into dri- between incoming and outgoing heat ver/passenger vents (front-seat/ energy, in order to stabilize temper-. IMPORTANT During air distribu- The following parameters and draft of thesis, At each turning off, the system tion automatic management, all the functions can be adjusted manually: after storing control and research paper, function air distribution button leds are off. conditions, sets up the open recircu- #x2013;. INITIALISING THE AIR FRONT CONTROL PANEL (fig. Of Thesis? 121) CONDITIONING CONTROL UNIT Whenever the battery is electrically connected again or it is essay book format reloaded after being completely flat or after replacing one of the protection fuses, to restore the correct operation of the air conditioning, of the door locking and of thesis, of the ESP system. 1 - Button for college no essay scholarship automatic system 8 - Inside temperature adjustment 15 - Button for turning on/off fast selection (driver side) knob (front passenger side) defrosting/demisting of windscreen, front side windows, rear window, 2 - Inside temperature adjustment 9 - Button for automatic system external rearview mirrors and wind- knob (driver side) selection (front passenger side) BACK CONTROL PANEL 4 - System status display (AUTO, 8 - Button for fan speed increase FULL AUTO) (fig. 122) 9 - Button for air distribution 5 - Button for automatic system through front back vents 1 - Inside temperature adjustment selection (back-seat passengers) knob (back-seat passengers) 2 - Display for draft set inside tempera-. HOW TO USE THE CLIMATE When the system is essay book report format working auto- The temperature, air distribution matically, the only possible manual and fan speed settings can be CONTROL SYSTEM functions are: changed at any time during auto- The system can be switched on in matic system operation.
CONTROLS The set temperatures are shown on #x2013; HI function (maximum heating): the draft displays set near the respective this is switched on by turning the Knobs for adjusting air tempera- knobs. temperature knob to the right ture (2, 8 fig. 121 - 1 fig. 122) beyond the maximum value (32 #xB0;C). To switch this function off, turn Buttons for adjusting front air flow shared between the college prowler temperature knob to the left and footwell vents (warmer air) distribution (10, 18 fig. 121) set the required temperature. and central and side dashboard Press these buttons to draft of thesis manually vents and the rear vents (cooler air). When a combined function is set, if Buttons for adjusting rear air When a combined function is set, if a button is book format pressed the main func- a button is pressed the main func- distribution (6, 9 fig. 122) tion of the draft button pressed is activat- tion of the button pressed is activat- When the back control panel is ed, together with those already set.
Buttons for adjusting fan speed When the fan minimum speed is AUTO buttons set up (one bar on), by of christmas keeping (13, 14 fig. 121 #x2013; 7, 8 fig. 122) (automatic operation) pressed for at draft least two seconds but- (1, 9 fig. 121 - 5 fig. 122) Press respectively front control ton 14 (fig. Should the system, as a result of MONO button REAR button (rear control panel manual settings, no longer be able to (set temperature and air distrib- activation) (11 fig.
121) assure the selected temperature in ution alignment) (16 fig. 121) Press the REAR button to switch the various passenger compartment the rear control panel on and to cut. The climate control system can be #x2013; forced deactivation off (recircula- In addition, if the compressor is on deactivated also by the rear control tion always off, air taken from the and the outside temperature is over chinese essay literature series, panel, when operating: press repeat- outside), both leds on the button will 5 #xB0;C, to of thesis prevent air polluted by edly or keep pressed button 7 (fig. IMPORTANT The air recircula- Climate control system IMPORTANT Air at a temperature tion function will allow, according to lower than that of the outside air compressor off button (7 fig. 121) the system operation (i.e. heating or cannot be let in to the passenger Press the #x221A;. The air let into the passenger com- Button for fast windscreen The fast windscreen demisting/ partment cannot be cooled when the defrosting function stays on for demisting/defrosting (15 fig. 121) compressor is off. Essays Of Christmas? Consequently: approx. Draft Of Thesis? 3 minutes after the king paper outline engine Press this button: the climate con- coolant temperature exceeds 50 #xB0;C trol system will automatically switch. Button for demisting/defrosting OFF button (system off) IMPORTANT The windows may mist up fast when the of thesis climate con- the heated rear window and The switch the climate control sys- trol system is off and in certain envi- external rearview mirrors tem off, keep pressed for at least two ronmental conditions. Have the filter checked at least the fan, disengage air vents and set supplying a maximum power of 24 once year Lancia air distribution from central dash- W to supply the climate control sys- Dealership, ideally at the begin- board vents only essay report format, before leaving the tem fan when the car is parked with ning of the summer.
SUPPLEMENTARY The supplementary heater function The system is connected to of thesis the car is useful to integrate the engine through the engine cooling system, HEATER coolant warming up during driving the paper fuel system and the electric sys- in order to reach and keep the of thesis opti- tem. #x2013; when the is google making us stupid in writing engine is running the 4 - In the following 50 seconds the IMPORTANT Although in a lesser system works only in #x201C;supplemen- control unit makes the of thesis fan reach quantity the for research paper heater burns fuel as the tary heater#x201D; mode. nearly its highest speed. This function can be activated with #x2013; ignition key at MAR #x201C;Operate now#x201D; the draft CONNECT (from the main #x2013; partial battery rundown The option #x201C;Operate now#x201D; enables SETUP screen) or with the remote to warm the report passenger compartment control. #x2013; fuel in reserve with the engine stopped and warm The system works with this mode on #x2013;. The #x201C;parked-car heater#x201D; mode is During heater operation, messages IMPORTANT For safety reasons, automatically deactivated when one referred to draft the following conditions the essays timer must be programmed/con- of the following conditions takes are shown on CONNECT display: firmed at any activation and con- place: firmed not later than 24 hours since #x2013;. #x2013; stationary: with the #x201C;programma- #x2013; if the fuel level in the tank is draft low HEATER ACTIVATION/ ble heater#x201D; mode controlled by the when the college scholarship timer is activated. This con- DEACTIVATION WITH THE timer, the system conditions are con- dition is draft indicated with a message REMOTE CONTROL (fig.
This control is accepted by CON- #x2013; the led flashes for essays about 2 seconds Default activation length is 30 min- NECT only of thesis, if: = the signal has not been received. utes but it can be changed through the following procedure: #x2013;. Number of bilingual literature modern zuoren flashes of draft led B Heater activation length Checking and replacing the batteries 10 minutes To check the battery charge, press 20 minutes ON or OFF: if after about 5 seconds led B comes on college 2 000 with orange colour it 30 minutes means that the batteries are nearly 40 minutes. The batteries must be replaced with OPERATION #x2013; coolant temperature lower than 30 new ones of the draft of thesis same type, available #xB0;C WITH ENGINE RUNNING at proposal paper format the usual sellers. Of Thesis? #x2013; the climate control unit detects #x201C;Supplementary heater#x201D; mode To replace batteries: (according to sensor detected temper- atures) that fast passenger compart- This operating mode integrates the. CONTROLS TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Maximum heat power about 5 kW HAZARD LIGHTS (fig. 124) Reduced heat power about 2,5 kW These come on when switch A is pressed, regardless of the position of Rated voltage 12 V the ignition key. Operating current 45W to literature zuoren 13.5V;. FRONT FOG LIGHTS (fig. 125) Press again button A to of thesis switch the The rear fog lights will automatically lights off. be switched off when the engine is (where provided) stopped or when switching off the IMPORTANT The use of bilingual chinese essay selected series front fog Press button A to switch the fog dipped beam headlights or the front lights 5 on (when the outside lights. INSTRUMENT HEATED REAR WINDOW FUEL CUT-OFF SWITCH AND DIMMER (fig.
127) (fig. 128) CIRCUIT BREAKER Turn ring A upwards or downwards Press button A to switch the heated The car is fitted with two safety when the outside lights are on to re- rear window on/off. If, after an accident, you Mechanical connections Anyway, door opening can smell petrol or see of outside handles are from the outside depends that the draft fuel feed system is of christmas active only if the draft of thesis doors on their conditions after leaking, do not reset the switches are locked. Lift cover A set at the driver's left Circuit breaker is proposal format located on of thesis the left Initialising the control units of and prowler 2 000, press button B to reset the fuel side of the boot, inside a box directly the door locks, air conditioner cut-off switch. ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE The button shape is rather large so #x2013; it has automatic functions that the brake can be engaged rapidly, other systems lack. (EPB) (fig. Of Thesis? 133) even by essay book report the passenger, in case of When the parking brake is of thesis engaged The car is of christmas fitted with the EPB emergency. Automatic engagement In order to guarantee the IMPORTANT In certain cases, e.g. automatic operation of the the car is approaching an obstacle, it The parking brake is automatically handbrake, cut off the en- could be necessary to disengage the engaged whenever the engine is gine or open the driver#x2019;s side door parking brake manually without turned off and afterwards it cannot. #x201C;Automatic parking brake#x201D; function IMPORTANT If, after the parking Proceed as follows: release the and draft of thesis, the press #x201C;OK#x201D;. Deactivation of brake has been disengaged, the car accelerator pedal, press and keep automatic operation can be achieved starts moving at a speed higher than button A (fig.
Lancia Dealership because the is necessary to push manually the book format ing light on draft of thesis the multifunction display parking brake might not work. The car is fitted also with an emer- MANUAL GEARBOX To change gear properly gency button A (fig. 134), placed in king arthur research paper, you must push the clutch the boot right compartment, which pedal fully down. It is To engage the gears, press down can be used to unblock the car if it has therefore essential that there is the of thesis clutch and put the gear lever into. ELECTRONIC STARTING THE ENGINE MOVING OFF The engine can be started only with After starting the engine at idle and AUTOMATIC the selector to P or N (fig. 137). while keeping the brake pedal GEARBOX pressed (Shift-lock safety), shift the For safety reasons, it is advisable to gear lever to D, or to the manual (COMFORTRONIC)
Do not tax the us stupid in writing engine The ignition key can be extracted IMPORTANT In case of draft of thesis emer- until it has not reached from the ignition switch only when gency (failures, flat battery, etc.), it operating temperature. the gear lever is at P (Key-lock safe- is possible to remove the ignition key ty) and prowler 2 000, the ignition key is at draft of thesis STOP. SELECTING THE AUTOMATIC/ AUTOMATIC OPERATION P - Parking MANUAL SEQUENTIAL To activate automatic operation, When parking the car shift the gear OPERATION move the lever to the right sector lever to this position. A gearbox (fig. 137) to one of the following device will block the driving wheels. Before leaving the car, R - Reverse N - Neutral check that the electric Shift the lever to R with the making us stupid in writing car This is the position to be used when parking brake (EPB) is stationary, the engine running idle the car must be pushed or towed. on.
If the accelerator pedal is of thesis pressed Likely, during sudden braking, the The gear electronic control unit is rapidly, the gearbox selects the sporty lower gear is engaged to exploit the able to college prowler recognize hills as a result of draft of thesis driving programme to college 2 000 no essay meet the re- engine braking action at of thesis best. formance is requested in terms of Winter programme Kick down acceleration and maximum speed, When starting to drive with a When maximum acceleration is this gear is almost never selected. reduced road grip (snow-covered, required (e.g. Of Christmas? during overtaking), if The electronic automatic gearbox icy road, etc.), the shift control unit the accelerator is rapidly and draft, fully is fitted with a device reducing. MANUAL SEQUENTIAL IMPORTANT If gear shift gener- If the lever is brought back to D the ates a runaway speed rate, such gear gearbox immediately starts to work OPERATION is cancelled by the electronic control automatically and will be engaged To use the manual sequential oper- unit and essays of christmas, the driver is warned by of thesis a according to the type of driving. If this message is displayed during perature high the car immediately to a driving, it means that there is a fail- Lancia Dealership to have the ure in the automatic gearbox. In this This message is displayed when the failure eliminated. Even in this case, go to a #x2013; for book format about 15 seconds when the draft the engine with the appropriate Lancia Dealership to have the driver#x2019;s door is is google making us stupid in writing essays opened while the emergency battery according to the automatic gearbox checked.
TOWING THE CAR Before starting towing, ESP AND ASR disengage the draft of thesis parking SYSTEMS IMPORTANT To tow the college scholarship car brake as described in the relevant paragraph and leave the observe local current laws and fol- low the instructions contained in Keyless System CID (if any) in the ESP SYSTEM (ELECTRONIC passenger#x2019;s compartment to pre- chapter #x201C;In an emergency#x201D;. If the sensors detect the conditions ESP SYSTEM OPERATION The ESP core is a sensor, of aero- which might cause car skidding, the nautic origin, detecting the car rota- ESP is automatically started when ESP system affects the engine and tions around its vertical axis. stantly changed and controlled in ASR FUNCTION (ANTISLIP The action of the ASR function is the attempt to keep the driver#x2019;s particularly useful in draft, the following REGULATION) direction. conditions: General The ESP system considerably #x2013; internal wheel slipping when cor- increases the is google us stupid in writing car safety in draft of thesis, several nering due to load dynamic varia- The ASR function is part of the. ASR function: in these instrument panel, to essays inform the dri- Lancia Dealership as soon as pos- conditions driving wheel slipping at ver that the car is in critical stability sible. The following table summarizes warning light indications according to the different operating conditions. System condition Operating or failure conditions ASR button warning light ESP warning light on instrument panel Engine start up Warning light check On for about 3 seconds On for about 4 seconds (key turned to MAR) Driving in. CRUISE CONTROL The cruise control must CONTROLS (fig. 143) only be used when the The cruise control is draft of thesis operated by (CONSTANT SPEED road and traffic condi- means of switch A, ring B and but- tions allow to keep a constant REGULATOR) ton C (RCL). Turn ring B to position (+) to set Storing the speed Resetting the of christmas stored speed the speed reached or to draft of thesis increase the Move switch A to ON and essays, take the To reset the stored speed after stored speed. car to the required speed normally. switching the device off, e.g.
Deleting the stored speed The cruise control can be switched on at speeds #x2013; by momentarily turning ring B to The stored speed is automatically higher than 30 km/h (40 (+): each turn of the ring will corre- deleted when: to 180 km/h for 2.4 JTD 20V CAE spond to a small speed increase #x2013;. RADAR CRUISE The system is draft of thesis electronically con- Radar Cruise trolled, self-contained and, there- Control is arthur not an draft anti-col- CONTROL (RCC) fore, does not require communica- lision device: it cannot tion with other vehicles or the pres- detect the college prowler no essay presence of of thesis obstacles (where provided) ence of similar systems on the other on book report format the road or stop the car in of thesis, case. IMPORTANT The system can only max. speed limit controlled by the CONTROLS (fig. 144) be switched on when the car speed system is exceeded. Essay? The Radar Cruise Control is oper- ranges from of thesis, 30 to 160 km/h and is ated by is google making us stupid three controls, as well as by automatically switched off by press- the accelerator (to increase speed) ing the draft of thesis brake pedal. Ring A has four positions: When the system is on, that is, ring Every time ring B is is google us stupid turned, the draft A is in any position other than OFF, speed is increased or decreased by OFF: system off symbol #xFA; lights up on essays the multi- about 1 km/h. Storing the speed Resetting the draft of thesis stored speed Reducing the chinese essay literature modern series zhou stored speed Move ring A to of thesis any position other If the system has been switched off The stored speed can be decreased than OFF and take the car to king the by pressing the brake pedal, the in two ways: required speed. Deleting the stored speed The maximum decelera- Detecting a vehicle with the tion performed by the sys- system active but not switched on The stored speed is automatically tem automatically is of thesis lim- deleted when: When the system is active (ring A ited compared to the actual brak- set to any position other than OFF), #x2013;. Detecting a vehicle with the icon (if any) indicating the vehicle de- tected on the traffic lane will, on the system switched on proposal for research paper contrary, remain visible. Of Thesis? When the essays system is switched on by turning ring B to (+),any vehicle run- ning in front of the car (within 130 metres) and along the running path set distance.
multifunction display) warn the dri- Therefore, the Radar Cruise Control If the draft of thesis vehicle picked by the car fit- ver and invite him to resume speed does not ensure control when you are ted with Radar Cruise Control leaves control. driving in 2 000 no essay scholarship, a queue; the draft of thesis driver must the essays of christmas radar sensor detection range, the therefore halt the car and start it off system could no longer be able to de-. If a vehicle enters the draft same running When cornering (average-sharp At a slip-road (fig. 151-152), if fol- path as that of the college prowler no essay car fitted with curve), any vehicle picked by the lowing a vehicle running at a speed Radar Cruise Control and sets too Radar Cruise Control could get out of lower than that set on of thesis the car fitted close to it (fig. When reaching a steep cat's back The Radar Cruise Control FAULT INDICATION (fig. 153), the picked vehicle could features proper strategies System anomalies are signalled by chinese selected zuoren get out of the radar detection range to keep adequate comfort the lighting of symbol #xE0; on the mul- (thus missing picking). The driver will be warned by draft a spe- In this case, clean the sensor protec- The sensor is built into cial display message when the system tion lens, shown in is google making us stupid essays, fig. 150 with a wet the of thesis front bumper: impacts is deactivated because the book lens is cloth;. Do not use the draft Radar IMPORTANT The Radar Cruise In the for research format device is faulty or Cruise Control under poor Control can only be switched on when does not work, turn ring A visibility conditions (e.g.: the of thesis car speed ranges from 30 and of christmas, 160 to OFF and contact a Lan- fog, heavy rain, snow, etc.), since km/h. PARKING SENSOR The responsibility for Front sensors can be switched on parking manoeuvres and by pressing button A (fig. 155) other dangerous manoeu- placed on draft the central console in The parking sensor provides dis- vres always rests with the driver. front of the gear lever;. 10 cm.
When the bumper needs re-painting or the of christmas sensor area needs touching-up with paint, contact a Lancia Dealership only. Of Thesis? Incorrect appli- cation of paint could adversely affect the parking sensor opera- tion. Sensor operating range Their position covers the middle Obstacles placed in the middle area and side areas of the making us stupid in writing essays car#x2019;s front and are detected at draft of thesis a distance of less The sensors allow the system to back (fig. Research Outline? 158). than approx. 0.9 m (front) and 1.50 monitor the car#x2019;s front and rear m (rear). Obstacles placed in side areas are TOWING A TRAILER FAULT INDICATIONS detected at a distance of less than The system control unit checks all 0.6 m. the system components every time the ignition key is turned to draft of thesis MAR. Essays Of Christmas? Then, the sensors and their respec- Rear sensors are auto- tive electrical connections are con- matically switched off. If, on the contrary, the warning Moreover, signals sent by the sen- INTERIOR lamp remains on, go to a Lancia sors can be altered by damaged sen- EQUIPMENT Dealership to have the system sors, by accumulation of dirt, snow checked even if the system keeps on or ice on draft the sensors, or by ultra- working. To switch the is google making us stupid in writing essays courtesy lights on REAR CEILING LIGHT DOOR PUDDLE LIGHTS and of thesis, off, press the respective buttons (fig. 160) (fig.
161) B. 2 000 No Essay? The courtesy lights will automat- This ceiling light includes a central A light is draft of thesis provided in us stupid essays, the lower part ically go out draft after about 15 minutes light and prowler 2 000 no essay scholarship, two courtesy lights. REARVIEW MIRROR LIGHTS SUN VISORS (fig. 163) COURTESY MIRRORS (fig. 164) (fig. 162) The sun visors can swing up or They are fitted on the back of the down or be pivoted sideways. Draft Of Thesis? sun visors: they can be accessed by The lower part of the external rotating the visors and lifting the rearview mirrors incorporate a light.
FRONT ASHTRAY AND CIGAR Always verify that the REAR ASHTRAYS (fig. King Paper Outline? 167) cigar lighter has been LIGHTER Two ashtrays are provided for rear switched off. Draft Of Thesis? seats: they are incorporated into proposal paper rear The ashtray and cigar lighter are door panels. protected by a single flap. Of Thesis? Press the flap in the point shown (fig. GLOVE COMPARTMENT The lower part of the glove com- ODDMENT COMPARTMENT partment houses the Compact Disc (fig. 170) A glove compartment with light is player B (CD-changer, where fitted) located on the dashboard. The com- A pivoting oddment compartment and, on proposal for research certain versions, the power partment has a flap and lock. FRONT BOTTLE/CAN HOLDER CLIMATE-CONTROLLED To open the draft of thesis compartment air vent, lift control A (fig. 173). To close the (fig. 171) DRINK COMPARTMENT vent, lower control A. Bilingual Chinese Essay Modern Selected Series? It is incorporated into the front The front armrest incorporates a To close the compartment, lower part of the central console. Take care not to spill the ODDMENT COMPARTMENT ON DOOR POCKETS drinks.
In any case, the THE DASHBOARD (fig. 174) Door pockets are located on the compartment is of thesis provided door panels: Oddment compartment A is placed with a hole on essays its bottom, through in front of the gear lever. CENTRAL CONSOLE REAR BOTTLE/CAN HOLDER REAR ARMREST COMPARTMENT (fig. 177) (fig. 178) COMPARTMENT Versions with automatic, two-zone Bottle/can holder A is incorporated Inside the rear armrest is an odd- climate control system are provided in the rear armrest. ment compartment A (fig. 179), a with an of thesis oddment compartment A, card holder B and a power socket C. #x2013; the power socket POWER SOCKET ELECTRIC SUNSHADE (fig. 181) #x2013; the remote control used for the It is for research located inside the draft rear armrest. The electric sunshade works with CONNECT HI-FI and TV functions ignition key at MAR.
The power socket can be accessed #x2013;. MAP POCKETS (fig. 182) (e.g. Making Us Stupid In Writing? satellite antitheft device), or any other accessory that burden the (where provided) electric supply, contact your Lancia Paper pockets are located on the Dealership whose qualified person- back of the front seats. nel, besides suggesting the of thesis most suit- able devices belonging to the Fiat Auto S.p.A. RADIO TRANSMITTERS AND SOLAR CELL IMPORTANT Best operation of the fan when the car is paper format parked is CELLULAR TELEPHONES OPERATED obtained by closing completely the Radio transceiver equipment (e.g.: windows and sunroof. Draft? Furthermore, SUNROOF e-tacs mobile phones, HAM radio to check operation at first speed of college prowler 2 000 no essay systems and the like) shall not be the of thesis fan, disengage air vents and set used inside the essay report format car unless a separate. Improper use of the sun- The sunroof must not be SUNROOF OPENING/CLOSING roof can in any case be opened in the presence of AND PIVOTING dangerous, even if the snow or ice; otherwise, it All the sunroof functions (opening, anti-trap safety system is avail- could be damaged. If this does not occur, con- (fig. Of Thesis? 187 set at the corners be initialized again as follows: tact your Lancia Dealership. of the sunroof housing, are not 1) turn selector A clockwise and If the operation is king outline interrupted obstructed. CENTRAL SUNROOF AND To actuate central locking by draft of thesis Central locking can also be actuat- means of the bilingual chinese modern zuoren remote control, keep ed by turning the key in the lock of WINDOW LOCKING SYSTEM button B (fig.
188) depressed for one of the front doors: keep the key Central locking/opening of sunroof more than 3 seconds after closing turned to 2 (fig. SOLAR CELLS EMERGENCY MANOEUVRE 4) Insert the Allen screw wrench D into the hexagonal seat of the draft of thesis sun- The upper part of the sunroof In case the electric actuation device roof starter motor, then turn it: incorporates 21 solar cells that pro- fails to operate, the sunroof can be duce a maximum power of essay report 24 W to actuated manually, proceeding as. BOOT With the battery flat, or #x2013; a prolonged pressure of the but- after the draft interruption of ton will release the lock and open one of the protection the boot. The boot can be opened both from fuses, or if you want to essay book report format disconnect the outside and the inside of the car. OPENING FROM THE OUTSIDE OPENING BY MEANS OF THE If the electronic alarm is on, both the volumetric protection and of thesis, the WITH THE KEY (fig. 193) REMOTE CONTROL boot control sensor will be switched The boot lock is electrified: press The tailgate can be opened from off, and the system will emit (except button A on the tailgate to bilingual literature series open it. FUNCTIONS THAT CAN BE #x2013; automatic locking of the boot, The following tables summarize door locks and fuel filler cap, when the draft operation logic of the boot lock, MODIFIED BY THE CONNECT the car speed exceeds 20 km/h. depending on the functions that MENU have been actuated. Boot lock opening/closing by metal insert of the key Bound to central door locking Not bound to central door locking Central door locking system condition Press the tailgate but- Turn the key clock- Turn the essays of christmas key clock- Turn the key clock- To open the boot tailgate wise in draft of thesis, the. CLOSING THE BOOT BOOT CEILING LIGHT (fig. Essays Of Christmas? 195) LUGGAGE NETS The boot is equipped with a fixed To close the draft bonnet, The boot is lit by essays ceiling light A, net (fig.
196) set on draft the left side, which switches on chinese essay literature series zuoren automatically lower it down until you lay and (optional for versions/markets it on draft of thesis the lock, without. The mobile net can be secured to To secure the net, insert hooks A ANCHORING THE LOAD one of the two positions provided in (fig. Book? 200) in draft of thesis, seats B then push The loads can be secured with belts the essay book format front part of the boot (fig. 197- downwards. Heavy loads which are ten the luggage net (optional, can be not securely anchored IMPORTANT purchased at a Lancia Dealership). could seriously injure The car is equipped with a system passengers in the event of an that automatically keeps headlight accident.
POWER SOCKET (fig. 203) Do not use the socket for draft SKI TUNNEL (where provided) power devices with a (where provided) The tunnel can be used to making us stupid essays trans- higher intake than that port long objects (e.g. skis). It is draft located on the right-hand side shown. 2) Lower the coating by pulling 3) Open the is google making in writing essays flap by pressing but- 4) Take protection D (fig. 207) out handgrip B (fig. 205). tons C (fig. 206). and draft, lay it on the armrest. King Outline? 5) From the boot, lower the flap by pressing handle A (fig. After placing the load with the pro- 3) Secure the draft of thesis load by inserting the scholarship To release the protection with the tection, secure it by means of the of thesis attachment of is google in writing belt A (fig.
210) into load: belt to prevent it from shifting in the buckle of the central rear safety 1) Release the draft belt by pressing the case of sudden braking or collision. BONNET 3) Lift lever B (fig. 213) and IMPORTANT The bonnet is essay report format lifted release the bonnet from the safety by two gas struts (fig. Of Thesis? 214). Do not retainer. tamper with the struts and follow the bonnet in its movement. 4) Lift the bonnet. Open the bonnet only when the car is station- ary.
If repairs need to be car- To close the bonnet: FUEL FILLER CAP ried out inside the engine Lower the bonnet at approx. Essay Report Format? 20 cm compartment when this is The fuel filler cap flap is draft controlled from the prowler engine compartment and still hot, be careful not to burn automatically controlled by the cen- then let it drop, ensuring that it is. In an emergency, the flap can be IMPORTANT The airtight seal of REFUELLING released by draft of thesis pulling wire B (fig. For Research Format? 216) the draft of thesis cap may lead to a slight increase To guarantee full tank filling, carry on king paper outline the right-hand side of the boot of pressure in the tank. DIESEL PARTICULATE Since this filter physically traps par- Diesel particulate filter clogged ticulates, it shall be cleaned (re- FILTER (DPF) When the Diesel particulate filter is claimed) at regular intervals by burn- (2.4 JTD CAE version) clogged, the instrument panel warn- ing carbon particles.
ROOF RACK #x2013; After removing the roof rack/ski After travelling a few rack, lower the covers by engaging kilometres, check that the SKI RACK them into their seats. screws securing the draft rack are tight. IMPORTANT Strictly comply with ANCHORAGE POINTS the making us stupid essays law regulations in force concern- ing maximum overall dimensions. HEADLIGHTS Each headlight is equipped with an Operation electronic control unit used to of thesis con- Light is projected onto the road by trol supply voltage. Due to high bril- GAS-DISCHARGE (BI-XENO) means of a spherical glass lens with liancy, bi-Xeno headlights require a large surface (70 mm diameter). Actuator control IMPORTANT In case of faults, To avoid oscillation of the anti- depends on the processing of the sig- contact a Lancia Dealership. dazzling beam in case of particular nals from scholarship, two orientation sensors. road surfaces (paved surfaces, dirt. #x2013; Failed connection of actuators: if HEADLAMP ORIENTATION FOR To carry out this opera- the draft of thesis control signal is failing, the actu- tion, contact a Lancia LEFT-/RIGHT HAND DRIVE ators will be brought back to the Dealership. The car headlights are equipped.
EOBD SYSTEM The objective is to: Contact Lancia Dealership as soon as #x2013; monitor system efficiency; possible if the instrument The EOBD (European On Board panel U warning light either #x2013; warn when failures can increase Diagnosis) system continuously emissions over the threshold estab-. system comes into operation, elimi- ABS OPERATION nating hydraulic pressure only from chinese essay literature modern zuoren, The electronic control unit receives the brake caliper of the locked wheel GENERAL and processes the signals from the and, as soon as the latter start spin- brake pedal and from the four sen- If this is the draft first car with ABS you ning again, brakes it again, thus sors on the wheels. Drive the paper outline car extremely carefully possibility of skidding. Drive the Excessive use of engine to the nearest Lancia Dealership car extremely carefully to the braking (gears too short to have the ABS system checked. SOUND SYSTEM #x2013; multiple compact disc player Rear speakers (fig. 224) (CD-changer) C (fig. 222) in the The rear speakers B are housed in glove compartment (where fitted) The car is equipped with a com- the rear door panels. plete sound system, consisting of the #x2013;. Speakers on the rear window #x2013; two high-performance sub- System characteristics include woofers (230 mm diameter), fitted crystalline treble and full, rich bass- shelf (fig. Draft Of Thesis? 225) on the rear window shelf es. Essay Format? Furthermore, the complete range Speakers C are located at the ends of tones is played in draft, the entire pas- #x2013;. IMPORTANT The car is equipped nous gas. Proposal Paper Format? with electronic engine immobilising system.
If the engine fails to start, see paragraph #x201C;Lancia CODE sys- tem#x201D;. The ignition device is fitted with a safety device which obliges the dri- ver to of thesis return the bilingual chinese essay selected series zhou key to STOP posi- tion before repeating the starting procedure. 3) On versions with manual gear- avoid damaging catalyst. box, set the gear lever to neutral and Contact a Lancia Dealership. Of Thesis? 5)Press the clutch pedal down to press the king arthur research outline clutch pedal fully down to the floor. avoid the draft starter dragging the gears. 50 the engine off. If starting is particularly diffi- to proposal for research paper format 60 #xB0;C. cult,(with the Lancia CODE system IMPORTANT After a taxing drive working properly) do not keep try- you should allow the engine to ing too many times. For cars equipped with EMERGENCY START-UP Never bump start the turbosupercharger engine (by pushing, tow- If the Lancia CODE system fails to draft of thesis particular, but generally ing or coasting downhill) recognise that code transmitted by for any kind of cars, avoid abrupt. PARKING IMPORTANT Best operation of Never leave unsuper- the fan when the car is parked is vised children in the car; obtained by proposal paper closing completely the always remove the keys To park the car, proceed as fol- windows and sunroof. Furthermore, and take them with you when you lows: to check operation at first speed of.
#x2013; The first rule of safe driving is they are pushed down. In designing THESIS, LANCIA has prudence. made every effort to of thesis come up with a #x2013; Make sure that any child #x2013;. Driving while drunk or Take care when fitting Make sure that any mats under the influence of additional spoilers, alloy are appropriate in size: drugs or certain medi- rims and wheel caps: they hindrance, even cines is dangerous both for you might reduce ventilation of the slight, to the braking system may and other road users. #x2013; Do not drive too many hours at a #x2013; Keep a greater safety distance Here is some advice for proposal paper format driving in time but stop at intervals to of thesis stretch from the cars in front of you than the rain: your legs and recoup your energy. during daylight hours: it is essays of christmas hard to #x2013;. DRIVING IN FOG #x2013; Do not overtake other vehicles if DRIVING IN THE MOUNTAINS you can help it. If the draft of thesis fog is thick, do not start out college no essay scholarship #x2013; When driving downhill use the on a journey unless you absolutely #x2013; If you are forced to stop your car engine braking effect by engaging a have to. DRIVING ON SNOW AND ICE DRIVING WITH ABS #x2013; The ABS prevents the draft wheels from locking, but it does not #x2013; Here are some tips for essays of christmas driving in draft, The ABS is a braking system that increase actual grip conditions these conditions: essentially offers two advantages: between tyre and road. CONTAINING RUNNING COSTS AND Roof rack/ski rack Remove the roof or ski racks from POLLUTION the car as soon as they are no longer needed. These accessories reduce the Some suggestions which may help Tyres aerodynamic penetration of the car you to keep the running costs of the and will increase consumption. Spoilers Gear selections Acceleration The use of optional extras which As soon as the traffic and of christmas, road con- Accelerating violently increasing are not certified for specific use on ditions allow it, shift to a higher the revs will greatly effect consump- the car may reduce the aerodynamic gear.
Traffic and road conditions CHEAP RUNNING THAT RESPECTS THE Heavy traffic and of thesis, higher consump- ENVIRONMENT tion are synonymous, for example when driving slowly with frequent use of lower gears or in towns where Environmental protection has been LOOKING AFTER EMISSION there are numerous traffic lights. Ignoring the above rules engine and have the proposal car seen at draft a shields and do not remove may lead to proposal for research fire. Draft? Lancia Dealership as soon as you those already fitted to the can. catalytic converter and exhaust When the instrument panel fuel pipe. TOWING A Engage a low gear when driving The ABS system will not downhill rather than constantly control the trailing brak- TRAILER braking. ing system. Great care should therefore be taken when The weight the essay book trailer exerts on the driving on of thesis slippery road surfaces. car#x2019;s tow hitch coupling reduces the GENERAL NOTES car#x2019;s loading capacity by the same. TOW HITCH INSTALLATION For the bilingual literature electric connections, a 7 INSTALLATION DIAGRAM (fig. 1) pole 12VDC coupling must be used The tow hitch must be fixed to the Fasten the tow hitch in the points (CUNA/UNI and draft of thesis, ISO/DIN stan- body by an expert in accordance marked with (1) using 18 M10 dards). The maximum speed for proposal for research winter listed in of thesis, log book. fied. tyres with #x201C;Q#x201D; marking is 160 Lancia Dealerships will be glad km/h, with #x201C;T#x201D; marking is 190 to provide advice on the most suit- km/h, whereas with #x201C;H#x201D; marking is. Versions Tyres on which chains Type of snow chains to can be fitted be used We recommend to contact a Lancia Dealership before buying 215/60 R16 95W or installing snow chains. 2.0 TB 215/60 ZR16 95W 215/60 R16 95H M+S Check the tautness of the chains after driving some ten metres.
STORING THE CAR #x2013; Do not switch the electronic USING THE CAR AGAIN alarm system on. Before using the college prowler car again after a The following precautions should #x2013; Remove the negative cable (-) prolonged period of inactivity, the be taken if the car will not be used from the battery terminal and check following operations are recom- for several months. #x2013; round-nosed scissors, repeatedly. #x2013; work gloves, - fire extinguisher. These articles are all available from draft, Lineaccessori Lancia range. This operation must be carried outdoor. Essays Of Christmas? Exhaust gas contains car- bon monoxide, an of thesis extremely toxic gas. 4 seconds and then go out. Proposal For Research Format? At this point release the draft of thesis acceler- out.
Release the accelerator pedal. If the making us stupid essays Lancia CODE system cannot ator pedal and get ready to count the deactivate the engine immobilising 8) The U warning light will flash flashes of the warning light U. Jump starting does not damage the braid D of the car to be started. Draft Of Thesis? Lancia CODE system. Proceed as follows: 1) Disconnect all electrical devices that are not strictly useful.
2) Lift the boot tailgate by turning the key metal insert clockwise in the latch. IMPORTANT If the engine fails to start after a few attempts, do not keep turning the key but have the car seen to bilingual chinese literature selected at a Lancia Dealership. 9) Put the cover back on the bat- Never battery. IF A TYRE If the wheel is being The jack should only be changed on a steep or used to change a wheel on IS PUNCTURED badly surfaced road, the car for which it was place wedges or other suitable designed. CHANGING Change the wheel as follows: 4) Open the draft of thesis boot. 1) Stop the car so that it is not a 5) Fold the boot carpet A (fig. 4). A WHEEL hazard for proposal paper format other road users or your- 6) Take out the warning triangle A self when changing the draft wheel. 8) Unscrew manually the jack han- 9) Open the college 2 000 tool bag and take out 8 #x2013; wrench for power steering re- dle A (fig.
7) and remove it from the the tools to be used (fig. Of Thesis? 8): servoir cap screws container B. 11) Place the bushing A (fig. 11) 13) Position the jack under the car Warn anyone nearby for the wheel bolts on the ratchet near the proposal for research paper format wheel to be replaced in the that the car is about to be wrench B. point shown on draft the panelling at lifted. 14) Turn the 2 000 jack handle A 15) Insert the ratchet wrench A 17) Loosen the wheel bolts and (fig. 13) by hand so to draft of thesis open it par- (fig.
14) with the bolt bush B on the remove the wheel. tially and position the jack under the jack groove. 19) On versions with alloy rims, to Wheel bolts are specific 20) Lower the car and remove the make the us stupid essays wheel fitting easier, screw for the type of rim (alloy jack (fig. 18). the pin A (fig. Draft? 16), provided in the or steel) fitted. - fig. 20 = versions with steel rims. the wheel bolt tightening checked into B (fig. Bilingual Essay Zhou Zuoren? 8) and clamp it by at draft a Lancia Dealership as soon as 22) On versions with alloy rims, screwing handle A (fig. King Outline? 8) manually possible. Due to high voltage, the draft malfunctions with the risk of fire. bulb of prowler 2 000 no essay bi-Xeno gas-dis- charge headlights must only be replaced by experts: dan- ger of death! Contact the draft Lancia Dealership.
Only touch the metal part when handling halo- The bulbs of chinese literature modern selected series zuoren (bi-Xeno) bulbs. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS TYPES OF BULBS #x2013; When a light is not working, Different types of bulbs are check that it has not fused before installed in the car (fig. 22): changing the bulb. Draft? A - All glass bulbs #x2013; For the location of the fuses, refer to #x201C;If a fuse blows#x201D;. Bulb Ref. figure 22 Type Power Gas-discharge Main beam headlights/Dipped beam headlights #x2013; Additional main beam headlights Front sidelights H21W Front direction indicators WY5W Side direction indicators Rear direction indicators #x2013; #x2013; Front fog lights Taillights #x2013; #x2013; Brake lights #x2013;. It is essays therefore recommended to ger of draft of thesis death! Contact the Lancia the bulbs replaced at of christmas Lancia Dealership. Dealership. fig. 23.
A and remove the draft cluster under the engine. For this reason, it from the back 2. is suggested to have the bulbs replaced at a Lancia Dealership. 2) Turn the direction indicator anticlockwise and remove the bulb holder B. If the lights break down partially E - B type, 12V-P21W bulb for format To replace the bulbs: or completely go to draft of thesis a Lancia rear fog light. 1) Open the tailgate and lift the Dealership. 4) After replacing the bulbs, refit covering A (fig.
To replace the bulb: If the third brake light breaks down partially or completely go to a 1) Remove the lens using a screw- Lancia Dealership. FRONT CEILING LIGHT driver as a lever in point A. To replace the bulbs: 2) Remove the bulb B by king releasing the side contacts and then replace it. 2) Loosen the screws C (fig. 32) 4) Remove the draft clipped in glass REAR CEILING LIGHT and remove the prowler scholarship ceiling light. bulbs from the bulb holder and To replace the bulbs: replace them. 3) To remove bulb holders turn 1) Remove the draft ceiling light by lev- them anticlockwise (fig. A - Central ceiling light bulb. GLOVE COMPARTMENT LIGHT 2) Press the college prowler scholarship two sides of shield B (fig.
37) at the fastening clips and B - Courtesy light bulbs. To replace the bulb: turn it. 3) Remove clipped in glass bulbs 1) Remove the lens by using a 3) Replace the clipped in bulb C. COURTESY MIRROR LIGHTS 3) Remove the bulbs C (fig. 39) BOOT LIGHT releasing them from the side con- To replace the courtesy mirror To replace the bulb: tacts and replace them. bulbs: 1) Remove the lens by using a 4) Refit the of thesis mirror inserting first 1) Lift the mirror cover A (fig. 3) Replace the clipped in bulb C . DOOR LIGHTS (fig.
42) DOOR MIRROR LIGHTS (fig. 43) 4) Close the shield by clipping it To replace the bulb: into its housing. King Research Outline? To replace the bulb: 1) Remove the lens by using a 5) Refit the lens by inserting side D screwdriver as a lever on of thesis clip A. If a general fuse (MIDI- FUSE or MEGA-FUSE) B - Fuse with broken filament. Of Christmas? blows, do not repair it, but go to draft a Lancia Dealership. GENERAL (fig. Is Google? 67) Use the tongs C to extract a fuse to be replaced. The tongs are to be The fuse is a protective device for draft of thesis found in the main fuse box. FUSE LOCATION To reach the fuses: The systems and devices protected by the general fuses (fig. 70) are The main fuses of THESIS are con- 1) Open the tailgate. listed on the following pages. tained into paper format four fuse boxes, to draft be 2) Loosen knob A (fig. FUSES IN THE DASHBOARD Spare fuses A (fig. 72) are housed in IMPORTANT Remember horizontal position in the upper part of replace the spare fuse after replacing The fuses protecting the main the fusebox.
The spare fuse present a fuse. Is Google Essays? devices are arranged in draft, a fusebox various amperages. The devices protected by for research the fuses FUSES IN THE BOOT The spare fuses, with different (fig. 75) are listed in draft of thesis, the tables on amperage, are housed in vertical The fusebox (fig. 77) is located on the following pages. position at the sides of the for research paper format fusebox. the right side of the boot, inside the After replacing the fuses refit the service compartment. MIDI-FUSE and MEGA-FUSE Fuse Ampere Location Dashboard fusebox 1 fig. 70 Dashboard fusebox 2 fig. 70 Boot fusebox fig.
70 Engine compartment fusebox fig. 70 Exterior lights Fuse Ampere Location External light control (twilight sensor adjustment) fig. 73 Direction indicators fig. Interior lights Fuse Ampere Location Boot ceiling light 19 (*) fig. 78 13 (*) fig. 73 Passenger compartment rear ceiling light 19 (*) fig. 78 13 (*) fig. 73 Door puddle lights 19 (*) fig. 78 13 (*) fig. 73 (*) As an alternative for certain versions/markets Devices and utilities Fuse. Devices and utilities Fuse Ampere Location Horn fig.
75 Windscreen wiper controls fig. 73 Brake light control (NC) fig. 73 Brake light control (NA) fig. 73 Ignition switch fig. 75 Air conditioner compressor fig. Draft Of Thesis? 75 Cruise Control (satellite controls) fig. 73 Cruise Control (Adaptive point) fig.
Devices and utilities Fuse Ampere Location Engine control system point interface fig. 75 Brake system point interface fig. Proposal For Research? 73 Headlight washers fig. 75 Heated rear window fig. 73 Automatic gearbox starter fig. 75 fig. 73 Passenger position point fig. Of Thesis? 78 Steering lock point fig. Devices and utilities Fuse Ampere Location Passenger door point (power supply) fig. 73 Instrument panel point fig. 73 fig.
73 Steering angle sensor point 19 (*) fig. 78 (*) As an essay selected zhou alternative for of thesis certain versions/markets 13 (*) fig. 73 fig. 73 Parking sensor point fig. Devices and utilities Fuse Ampere Location Heated windscreen defroster fig. 73 Windscreen wiper nozzle defroster fig. 73 fig. 73 Comfort driver#x2019;s seat fig. King Arthur Outline? 78 Comfort front passenger#x2019;s seat fig. 78 Electric driver#x2019;s seat (movement) fig. 78 Electric front passenger#x2019;s seat (movement) fig.
IF BATTERY IS TO BE DISCONNECTED Battery is housed on draft the left side of 2) Depress manually the inside hook turn the making us stupid key anticlockwise in the lock, the luggage compartment, protected A (fig. 80) of the boot lock, and push and at draft the same time slightly press the by cover B (fig. DISCONNECTING THE It is not possible to close INITIALISING THE CONTROL the boot when battery is UNLOADED BATTERY UNITS OF THE DOOR LOCKS, discharged discon- AIR CONDITIONER AND ESP Should the discharged battery be nected for the purpose of being re- SYSTEM disconnected (to have it charged placed/ charged again: do not try. #x2013; Turn on proposal the charger. ter. just for information. To carry out draft of thesis #x2013; When you have finished, turn the this procedure go to for research a Lancia charger off before disconnecting the draft Dealership. battery.
You are advised to recharge the #x2013;. Never try to charge a TOWING THE CAR IMPORTANT To carry out this frozen battery: first let it operation, if you use the provided thaw out, otherwise it flat-head screwdriver, cover its head The tow ring provided with the car may bust. If you cannot set the gear lever to tow on the road. neutral, do not tow the car but con- tact a Lancia Dealership. JACKING THE CAR incorrectly posi- WITH AN ARM HOIST OR A tioned jack may cause the SHOP JACK car to essay fall. Do not use the WITH THE JACK The car can only be jacked up by draft jack to lift loads exceeding those positioning the us stupid jack arms or the shop See #x201C;If a tyre is punctured#x201D;, in draft, this indicated on the label attached to. IF AN ACCIDENT #x2013; In pile-ups on the motorway, IF ANYONE IS INJURED particularly when the college scholarship visibility is Never leave the injured person alone. OCCURS bad, there is a high risk of draft of thesis other The obligation to provide assistance vehicles running into those already exists even for of christmas those not directly in- stopped. #x2013; antiseptic plasters of different sizes The first-aid kit and the fire extin- guisher are included in the Lineac- #x2013; a roll of draft of thesis plaster cessori Lancia range. For Research Paper Format? #x2013; a pack of cotton wool #x2013; a bottle of disinfectant #x2013; a packet of paper handkerchiefs. Page 312: Car Maintenance, Scheduled Servicing. This is of thesis why LANCIA has pro- grammed a number of service oper- ations every 20,000 kilometres: IMPORTANT The Manufacturer requires.
SERVICE SCHEDULE thousands of kilometres #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; Check tyre conditions and wear; adjust pressure, if required Check primary and secondary battery charge status #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7;. thousands of kilometres nspect conditions of timing belt #xE7; #xE7; Replacement of timing gear drive belt (*) and Poly-V accessory drive belt #xE7; Replace spark plugs (3.2 versions) #xE7; Replace spark plugs (2.0 TB) #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; #xE7; Check engine control systems via diagnostic socket #xE7;. ANNUAL 5) check for king arthur outline bonnet and boot lock ADDITIONAL cleanness, lever cleanness and draft, lubri- INSPECTION CHECKS cation SCHEDULE 6) Check primary and secondary Every 1,000 km or before long battery charge status trips, check and essay book format, top up as necessary: The following annual inspection 7) Check conditions of various con- #x2013;. #x2013; for short, repeated trips (less should be changed in relation to how Be careful not to mix up you use the car, contact a Lancia than 7-8 km) with outside tempera- the draft various types of research outline fluids ture below zero Dealership. IMPORTANT - Diesel filter IMPORTANT - Dust/pollen filter IMPORTANT - Battery The different grades of draft purity in If the car is often used in dusty or The charge in for research, your battery should diesel fuel normally available might extremely polluted environments, be checked, where possible at the make it necessary to draft replace the king research outline fil- you should change the filter element. CHECKING FLUID LEVELS fig. 1 - 2.0 TB version L0A0343b 1) Engine oil 2) Brake fluid 3) Windscreen/rear window and headlight washer fluid 4) Engine coolant 5) Power steering fluid fig. Draft? 2 - 2.4 - 2.4 CAE versions L0A0344b.
fig. 3 - 2.4 JTD version L0A0345b 1) Engine oil 2) Brake fluid 3) Windscreen/rear window and headlight washer fluid 4) Engine coolant 5) Power steering fluid fig. 4 - 2.4 JTD - 2.4 JTD CAE versions L0A0341b. fig. 5 - 3.0 V6 CAE version L0A0342b 1) Engine oil 2) Brake fluid 3) Windscreen/rear window and bilingual chinese essay literature modern zuoren, headlight washer fluid 4) Engine coolant 5) Power steering fluid fig. 6 - 3.2 V6 CAE version L0A0358b.
IMPORTANT If during a routine mately one litre of oil. check you will find that the oil level is above the MAX reference line, contact a Lancia Dealership to draft of thesis Be very careful under the have the proper level restored. Of Christmas? bonnet: you risk burning yourself. IMPORTANT The oil consump- Used engine oil and re- ENGINE COOLANT (fig. Draft? 13) tion depends on format the driving style and placed oil filters contain the conditions under which the car is substances which can harm used. the of thesis environment. We recommend you have the car seen to at a Lan- Do not remove the reser- cia Dealership for making the oil and filter. Lancia Dealership.
In For topping up, remove cap A, #x2013; With the engine running, turn the case of need, lacking the speci-. Should it happen, immediately wash with water. Draft Of Thesis? Oil consumption is ex- tremely low. If the oil level needs topping up again af- ter a short period of time, have the prowler no essay scholarship system checked for leakage at a Lancia Dealership. Draft Of Thesis? fig. 16. Brake fluid is essay zhou zuoren poisonous WINDSCREEN/REAR Certain commercial and highly corrosive. In additives for windscreen WINDOW/HEADLIGHT the draft event of accidental washers are inflammable. WASHER FLUID (fig. 17) contact, wash the proposal paper format parts involved The engine compartment con- To top up, remove cap A and filler immediately with neutral soap and tains hot components which may water, then rinse thoroughly. The cleaner can be dam- injection system and draft of thesis, make the engine and in order to contain con- aged if it is cleaned and engine misfire.
Go to a Lancia sumption and exhaust emissions. Essay Book Format? consequently the engine Dealership as soon as possible can be damaged. Under normal condition of use top- Have the of thesis dust/pollen filter checked stances that are very ping up the electrolyte with distilled once a year at a Lancia Dealership, harmful for the environ- water is therefore not required. College Prowler 2 000 Scholarship? A preferably at the onset of summer. (free-hand phone kit, etc.) If the battery is draft not fitted with electrolyte level indicator, the relevant checks visit a Lancia Dealership. 2 000 No Essay? They must only draft of thesis, be carried out by essay authorised personnel. can suggest the most suitable. (#x2013;). of the battery electrolyte freezing operation must be carried out by a Lancia Dealership. (this may even occur at #x2013;10 #xB0;C). If the car is inactive for of thesis a long period Charging should be slow at a low of time, refer to #x201C;Storing the car#x201D;, in. LENGTHENING THE LIFE OF require permanent electric supply, YOUR BATTERY 70 Ah 42 mA visit a Lancia Dealership, whose To prevent rapidly draining the college no essay 80 Ah 48 mA qualified personnel, in of thesis, addition to battery and proposal format, ensure that it continues. Therefore, if the engine has necessary: problems, it is draft of thesis important to have the spark plugs checked at a Lancia #x2013; never disconnect the battery from bilingual chinese literature, Dealership. the electrical system while the engine is running #x2013;. WHEELS Tyre pressure must be If the pressure is too low correct to draft of thesis ensure good the tyre overheats and chinese essay literature modern selected zuoren, AND TYRES road holding. this can cause it serious damage.
TYRE PRESSURE Check the pressure of each tyre, including the spare, every two weeks Wrong pressure causes uneven and of thesis, before long journeys. If any of these occur, have the car use. Paper? Remember to check the draft of thesis spare tyre particularly carefully too seen to at a Lancia Dealership. Avoid overloading your car: this If a replacement is paper necessary, always use new tyres and avoid can seriously damage wheels and tyres. RUBBER WINDSCREEN Travelling with worn wiper blades is dangerous TUBING WIPERS because it reduces visibil- ity in draft of thesis, bad weather. Follow the for research paper format Service Schedule to the BLADES letter as concerns braking, power steering and fuel line rubber tubing. Periodically clean the rubber part Ozone, high temperatures and long with suitable products. The blades must also be perfectly Replacing the blades SPRAY NOZZLES (fig. 21) clean before starting the draft of thesis check.
If (fig. 20) If there is no jet of liquid, first required, clean the corners with make sure that there is college prowler 2 000 scholarship liquid in draft, the To replace the windscreen wiper warm water and soap. Before summer, have the system of the ESP system. It is of christmas necessary to of thesis the headlights are on. checked at a Lancia Dealership. perform the initialisation operations contained in is google making us stupid, the paragraph #x201C;If battery is to be disconnected#x201D; in the chapter #x201C;In an emergency#x201D;. For your THESIS, LANCIA has used leading-edge technological solutions to effectively protect the body from of thesis, rust. TIPS FOR KEEPING THE BODY Before cleaning Detergents pollute water. windscreen (e.g. at filling For this reason the car IN GOOD CONDITIONS stations), make sure to is google making us stupid in writing must be washed in of thesis, an have deactivated the rain sensor area equipped for the collection Paintwork and turned the college prowler no essay scholarship ignition key to of thesis and purification of the liquids. Suitable car cleaning products are When drying the car, be careful to Windows available at Lancia Dealerships. College Scholarship? get at those parts which are not so Use specific window cleaners to easily seen e.g. the door frames, bon- clean the windows. Engine compartment INTERIORS Do not keep aerosol cans in the car. There is the At the end of each winter season, risk they might explode.
From time to time check that water carefully clean the draft engine compart- Aerosol cans must never be has not collected under the mats ment without directing the bilingual chinese selected series zhou zuoren water jet exposed to a temperature above. CLEANING VELVET SEATS CLEANING LEATHER SEATS STEERING WHEEL/GEAR AND FABRICS LEVER KNOB WITH GENUINE #x2013; Remove the dry dirt with a LEATHER COVERING chamois leather or very slightly #x2013; Remove dust with a soft brush moist loth without exerting too and vacuum cleaner. Page 342: Technical Specifications. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS IDENTIFICATION ENGINE MARKING MODEL PLATE The marking is of thesis stamped on of christmas the The plate (fig. 2) is to of thesis be found on DATA cylinder block and is google making us stupid essays, includes the the left side of the boot (in the spare model and the chassis number. wheel housing) by lifting the boot cover. The plate (fig. 4) is applied on the B - Colour name front axle inner bonnet panel. C - LANCIA colour code H - Maximum vehicle weight on rear axle D - Respray and touch up code I - Engine type. ENGINE CODES - BODYWORK VERSIONS Engine code Bodywork version 2.0 TB 841E000 841AXA1B 03D 841AXA1B 03E (**) 841AXA1B 03F (*) 841D000 841AXB1B 00C 841AXB1B 00D (*) 2.4 CAE 841D000 841AXB11 04C 841AXB11 04D (*) 2.4 JTD 841P000 841AXN11 10 841N000 (**) 841AXH11 06B (**) 841AXM11 09 (**) 3.2 V6 CAE.
ENGINE 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE GENERAL FEATURES Engine code 841E000 841D000 841D000 Location Front, Front, Front, transversally-mounted transversally-mounted transversally-mounted Cycle Otto Otto Otto 5 in line 5 in draft of thesis, line 5 in bilingual chinese essay zuoren, line Number and draft of thesis, layout of proposal paper format cylinders Number of valves per of thesis, 4 - Hydraulic 4 - Hydraulic 4 - Hydraulic. 2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE GENERAL FEATURES 841H000 841L000 Engine code Front, Front, Location transversally-mounted transversally-mounted Diesel Otto Cycle 5 in line 6 V, 60#xB0; Number and no essay, layout of cylinders 4 - Hydraulic 4 - Hydraulic Number of valves per draft, tappets tappets cylinder. FUEL FEED - IGNITION 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE Fuel feed BOSCH ME7 BOSCH ME3.1 BOSCH ME3.1 Multipoint sequential Multipointsequential Multipointsequential electronic injection, electronic injection electronic injection electronically controlled variable geometry turbosupercharger with intercooler Ignition Static electronic Static electronic Static electronic integral with integral with integral with. 2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE Fuel feed BOSCH COMMON BOSCH ME7 RAIL MULTIJET Multipointsequential direct injection, electronic injection BOSCH RADIALJET injection pump, electronically controlled variable geometry turbosupercharger with intercooler Ignition Static electronic integral with ignition and single coil Firing order 1-4-2-5-3-6 Injection order 1-2-4-5-3. TRANSMISSION 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE Gearbox Mechanical Mechanical Automatic gearbox gearbox with gearbox with with five forward six forward gears six forward gears gears and reverse and reverse and reverse with synchromesh with synchromesh Clutch Single disc, Single disc, hydraulically hydraulically controlled controlled.
2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE Gearbox Automatic gearbox Automatic gearbox with five forward with five forward gears and making us stupid in writing, reverse gears and reverse Clutch Drive Front Front 2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE Service brakes: - front Self-ventilated discs Self-ventilated discs - rear Self-ventilated discs Self-ventilated discs Electric parking. SUSPENSIONS 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE Front Independent wheel, Independent wheel, Independent wheel, 5-link Multilink type, 5-link Multilink type, 5-link Multilink type, with aluminium with aluminium with aluminium wishbones, anti-roll bar, wishbones, anti-roll bar, wishbones, anti-roll bar, coil springs and coil springs and coil springs and telescopic shock absorbers. 2.4 JTD Front Independent wheel, Independent wheel, 5-link Multilink type, 5-link Multilink type, with aluminium with aluminium wishbones, anti-roll bar, wishbones, anti-roll bar, coil springs and of thesis, coil springs and king arthur, telescopic shock absorbers. telescopic shock absorbers. Telescopic shock absorbers Telescopic shock absorbers with continuous damping with continuous damping action variation. STEERING 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE Control Rack-and-pinion Rack-and-pinion Rack-and-pinion power steering gear. power steering gear. steering gear, with Optional, where provided, Optional, where provided, VARIOSTEER hydraulic (VARIOSTEER) hydraulic (VARIOSTEER) hydraulic power steering power steering (power power steering (power (power steering steering variable steering variable variable with speed)
2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE Control Rack-and-pinion Rack-and-pinion steering gear, with steering gear, with VARIOSTEER hydraulic VARIOSTEER hydraulic power steering power steering (power steering (power steering variable with speed) variable with speed) Steering column Energy-absorbing Energy-absorbing jointed steering jointed steering column with column with manual or electric. WHEELS 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE Standard tyres 7Jx16 H2-39 7Jx16 H2-39 7Jx16 H2-39 Rims 215/60 R16 (95W) 215/60 R16 (95W) 215/60 R16 (95W) Tyres 215/60 ZR16 (95W) 215/60 ZR16 (95W) 215/60 ZR16 (95W) Optional tyres 7Jx17 H2-41 7Jx17 H2-41 7Jx17 H2-41 Rims 225/50 R17 (94W) 225/50 R17 (94W) 2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE Standard tyres Rims 7Jx16 H2-39 7Jx16 H2-39 Tyres 215/60 R16 (95W) 215/60 R16 (95W) 215/60 ZR16 (95W) 215/60 ZR16 (95W) Optional tyres Rims 7Jx17 H2-37 7Jx17 H2-41 7Jx17 H2-41 8Jx18 H2-37 Tyres (*) 225/50 R17 (94W) 225/50 R17 (94W) 225/50 ZR17 (94W) 225/50 ZR17 (94W) RIMS AND TYRES CORRECT TYRE READING 225 = Nominal width (S, distance in mm between sides) Alloy rims or steel. Draft Of Thesis? Below, please find the for research paper instructions needed to draft of thesis understand the meaning = Percentage height/width Tubeless tyres with radial carcass. Chinese Modern? of the code stamped on of thesis the tyre, as ratio (H/S) The homologated tyres are listed in shown in king arthur research paper, fig.
Load index (capacity) Maximum speed index CORRECT RIM READING 60 = 250 kg up to 160 km/h 84 = 500 kg Below, please find the instructions 61 = 257 kg 85 = 515 kg up to 170 km/h needed to understand the meaning 62 = 265 kg 86 = 530 kg up to draft of thesis 180 km/h. DIMENSIONS The sizes are in mm and refer to the car fitted with standard tyres. King Arthur Research Paper? Slight size changes with optional tyres. Height is intended for of thesis an unladen car. Essay? Boot volume (as per VDA standards): 400 dm (*) = 3.0 V6 CAE and 3.2 V6 CAE versions L0A0171b fig. WEIGHTS 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE Empty weight (including all fluids, fuel tank at 90 % and with no optional): 1,780 1,760 1,790 Payload (*) including the driver Maximum admitted loads (**): #x2013; front axle 1,300 1,300 1,300 1,300 1,300 1,300 #x2013;. 2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE Empty weight (including all fluids, fuel tank at 90 % and of thesis, with no optional): 1,820 1,820 Payload (*) including the paper outline driver Maximum admitted loads (**): #x2013; front axle 1,300 1,300 #x2013; rear axle 1,300 1,300 #x2013;.
CAPACITIES 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE Prescribed fuels Recommended product Fuel tank: litres Unleaded petrol with a RON #x2013; including a reserve of litres not lower than 95 #x2013; #x2013; #x2013; Fuel tank: litres Diesel fuel for motor #x2013; #x2013; #x2013; #x2013;. 2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 Prescribed fuels Recommended product Fuel tank: litres #x2013; Unleaded petrol with a RON #x2013; including a reserve of litres #x2013; not lower than 95 Fuel tank: litres Diesel fuel for motor vehicles #x2013; #x2013; including a reserve of litres (Specification EN590) #x2013;. For regular operation of JTD versions fitted with DPF, use genuine lubricant only. In the event of an emergency, lacking the of thesis genuine lubricant, top up just once with max. 0.5 l and us stupid essays, go to draft Lancia Dealership as soon as possible Should non-genuine products be used, lubricants with minimum ACEA A3 properties for petrol engines and ACEA B4 for Diesel en- gines are tolerated;. Fluid and lubricant specifications Original fluids Applications for format correct car operation and lubricants TUTELA CAR TECHNYX Synthetic-based oil, grade SAE 75W-85 that passes Mechanical gearbox and Contractual Technical API GL 4 specifications Plus, Fiat 9.55550. Of Thesis? differential petrol version Reference N#xB0; F010.B05 Synthetic-based oil, grade SAE 75W-85, that pass Mechanical gearbox and TUTELA CAR MATRYX. FUEL #x2013; urban cycle: consisting of a cold IMPORTANT Road and bilingual chinese literature series, traffic start and a simulated drive in city conditions, weather, general condi- CONSUMPTION streets; tions of the draft car, driving style, fittings and accessories, use of the climate #x2013; extra-urban cycle: consisting in essay modern selected zhou zuoren, control system, load, roof racks and of thesis, The fuel consumption values frequent accelerations, in king arthur paper outline, all gears. EMISSION IN EXHAUST The CO emission in draft of thesis, exhaust shown in the following tables refers to for research format the combined consumption. Of Thesis? emissions according to report 2.0 TB 2.4 CAE 2.0 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE Directive 1999/100/CE (g/km)
INDEX - manually deactivating - rear. 67 BS system . 245 the rear side bags. 94 Ashtray - EBD electronic - front . 215 - passenger#x2019;s brakeforce distributor ..245 - rear . 215 front air bag . 90 Accessories purchased by ASR system . Bodywork paint Bose HI-FI audio system ..248 attery identification plate . 342 Bottle/can holder - checking the battery Bodywork versions (codes) ..343 - front . Of Thesis? 217 charge. 327 Bonnet . 237 - rear . 219 - disconnecting the loaded Boot Brake and hydraulic battery . - presetting for of christmas mounting emissions. 367 the #x201C;Type Isofix#x201D; child restraint CODE Card Schedule . 314 system. 85 (Lancia CODE system) ..28 - Scheduled Servicing ..309 Children CONNECT controls . Draft Of Thesis? 15 - Service Schedule . 312 (transport in safety) . 81 CONNECT infotelematic Carrying children safely .. Dead lock device (doors) ..56 - door pockets . Arthur Research Paper Outline? 218 - emergency Delayed light switching off disengagement . 178 - initialising the control (Follow me home) . 99 Electric sunshade . 220 units of the door locks, Diesel filter Electric windows . - what triggers the alarm Engine - ESP system action . 192 off . 42 - identification code . 341 - failure indication . Draft? 192 Electronic automatic gearbox - marking . 341 - initialising the control units - technical specifications ..344 (COMFORTRONIC). Front fog lights - level gauge . 108 andles . 221 Fuel consumption . For Research Paper? 366 - bulb replacement . 285 Hazard lights . Draft? 170 Fuel cut-off switch and circuit - control . 171 Headlight washer breaker. 173 Front passenger presence sensor - control . If a tyre is punctured - CID device . 44 ey . 27 (changing a wheel) . For Research Paper Format? 274 - CID device battery - actuation logic of the boot replacement . Draft? 53 If an accident occurs . 308 lock by means of the metal - door unlocking to insert . Manual gearbox . 179 - towing a trailer . Prowler? 211 ambda sensors . Draft? - technical specifications ..348 Performance . 358 Lancia CODE (system) ..26 Model plate . 341 Power socket - CODE Card . 28 MSR system . Essay Report Format? 192 - in the boot . - Comfort Seats . 68 - locking the door and afe driving . 255 leaving the of thesis car . Chinese Modern Selected Series Zhou? 50 - head restraints . Draft Of Thesis? 66 - before getting behind the - failure indication . 53 - heating . 67 wheel.
255 - #x201C;Garage#x201D;. Ski tunnel . 234 - JTD versions . 251 - technical specifications ..170 Snow chains . 268 - jump starting. 272 Suspensions Solar cell operated sunroof ..222 - petrol versions . 251 - technical specifications..350 - central locking/opening..225 Steering Symbols . - maintenance . 331 - fluid . 324 Windscreen washer blades - pressure (important) ..331 - maintenance . 333 - winter tyres . 267 Windscreen wiper - blade maintenance . 333 seful accessories . 270 - control . 101 Windscreen wiper spray nozzles olumetric protection . To find out the location of essays your nearest authorised treatment facility, offering free of charge take-back, simply contact one of draft our dealers or refer to the Lancia web site or call the toll free number 00800 526242 00. Passenger transportation vehicles to making us stupid in writing seat a max. of nine persons, having a total admissible weight of 3.5 t. COLD TYRE INFLATION PRESSURE (bar) (snow tyres excluded) 2.0 TB 2.4 2.4 CAE 2.4 JTD 3.2 V6 CAE 215/60 R16 95W 215/60 R16 95W Front and rear 215/60 R16 95W 215/60 R16 95W 215/60 ZR16 95W 215/60 ZR16 95W tyres 215/60 ZR16 95W 215/60 ZR16 95W 225/50 R17 94W (*)
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A multi-color, multi-pulse laser operating at a number of wavelengths is provided with a like number of cavities to produce a like number of output pulses from a single pumping pulse. The spacing between the pulses is of thesis easily controlled by controlling the timing of Q-switches, each in a different cavity, so that information is imparted by the pulse spacing. In a two color embodiment, a beam splitting device is positioned along the longitudinal axis of the laser medium to produce two beams which are directed into different cavity resonators, each tuned to a different wavelength. Us Stupid Essays! Reflecting surfaces positioned at the end of each cavity redirect each beam back to the beam splitting device where the beams are spatially recombined and subsequently two pulses, one of one color and the other of the second color, are sequentially coupled out of the draft, laser system. The colors may be sufficiently close in wavelength such that detection does not discriminate against the two colors, and a double pulse output is obtained at the detector. College Prowler 2 000 No Essay Scholarship! In this manner, the laser system produces two output pulses from a single laser medium and a single pumping pulse.
The pulse width of each of the pulses may also be controlled by pulse stretching means in one or more of the optical paths. FIELD OF THE INVENTION. This invention relates to laser systems, and more particularly to draft, a laser system for providing a multiple light-pulse output in which interpulse spacing and/or pulse width are independently controlled for laser target designation. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. In military operations involving the designating and destroying of a target, laser systems are used to illuminate a target. This light is reradiated in all directions by the target and is used by a missile for paper, homing in on the target.
In one type of system, targets are designated by illuminating the target with a train of laser pulses from a particular laser, with the pulses having a predetermined interpulse spacing. A typical method of countermeasuring this laser target illumination is by detecting the pulses at of thesis, the target, determining their pulse repetition frequency (PRF) or pulse interval modulation (PIM) and producing like laser pulses which are aimed at format, a reflective object removed from the draft, target. In an effort to prevent the prowler 2 000 scholarship, countermeasuring of the draft, illuminating laser, the subject invention involves a new type laser which is for research modulated to of thesis, produce pulse pairs or doublets which cannot be easily detected and reproduced by the target. Is Google Making In Writing! In order to draft, be effective the interpulse spacing between the pulses of the doublet must be small and the spacing must be very accurate since it is extremely difficult to detect the fact that the laser radiation is book report pulsed when pulse spacings are very small. Moreover, even if the double laser pulses are detected, it is extremely difficult to generate like laser pulses because it is difficult to duplicate exactly the small interpulse spacings. Therefore the draft, combatants who have apparatus for producing double pulse laser beams with extremely short accurately controlled interpulse spacings will have a virtually uncountermeasurable system.
This tactical situation thus requires a laser capable of varying interpulse spacing down to zero with extreme accuracy of interpulse spacing. Moreover, this tactical situation requires that pulse spacing be easily varied so that the essay report format, illuminating laser can quickly change its output waveform to avoid detection. Easy variability of pulse spacings has not been easily accomplished in the past. Of Thesis! Moreover, the reduction of pulse spacing down to zero is not possible with double pumping of the laser rod. In the prior art, techniques for obtaining multiple output pulses can be divided into in writing essays, two classes; (1) systems in which the separation between pulses is directly proportional to the time required to restore the population inversion in the lasing medium and (2) those system which are independent of the restoration time of the lasing medium. Systems which are dependent on the population inversion include multiple pump, repetitive Q-switching and mode control systems. An example of the multiple pump system is illustrated in U.S.
Pat. No. 3,783,403. Of Thesis! In this system double pulses are produced from a single laser by generating two successive optical pumping pulses. However, pulse spacing cannot be decreased to zero in this system. An example of college prowler a laser system which is independent of the restoration time is described in of thesis, an article by M. J. Landry, entitled “Variably Spaced Giant Pulses for Multiple Laser Cavities In a Single Lasing Medium”, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 18, pages 494-496. In this method, a prism is used to effectively split the bilingual chinese essay series zhou zuoren, laser rod longitudinally into two rods.
This requires a rod of relatively large cross section. The prism divides the beams and then each of the separated beams is independently controlled through individual Q-switches. However, in the Landry system only one wavelength or color is utilized and the stress birefringent effect to be described hereinafter is not used. The subject laser in draft, one embodiment is one which lases in two or more wavelengths. The colors result from radiative transitions which can occur in two different ways: (1) from a single high energy level to multiple different lower energy levels or (2) from multiple different upper energy levels to a single low energy level. It is also possible to get different colors from multiple different upper energy levels to multiple different lower energy levels. Is Google Us Stupid! The situation will be discussed later in draft, connection with Er:YLF lasers.
In the subject invention the two colors are split out into different cavities, each containing a Q-switch. The Q-switches are activated sequentially with a predetermined delay such that light of one color is coupled back through the laser rod to produce a first pulse, while the activation of the second Q-switch couples light of the other color back through the laser rod to college prowler 2 000 scholarship, produce a second pulse. Pulse spacing is draft of thesis controlled by the delay in activation of the second Q-switch. For transitions of the second type (and the third type) the first pulse does not completely depopulate the rod because there are electrons at the second energy level available for the second pulse. Series! This sytem is useable with ruby rods and some Nd:YLF rods. When, however, there are two transitions both starting from the same excited level, stress birefringence induced by the pumping of the rod may play a major part in permitting the production of two pulses. When two transitions start from the same excited level, it is possible that the production of the first pulse will completely depopulate the laser rod making two pulse production impossible. In some instances this can be prevented by very rapid Q-switching. However, stress birefringence provides simpler, more effective way of draft preventing complete depopulation during the production of the first pulse. Stress birefringence occurs because some of the energy pumped into the laser rod is converted to heat which changes the characteristics of the rod such that two beams are produced each having a different polarization.
In a two color laser stress birefringence results in the two colors being emitted with different polarizations. When the beams are separated into two differently polarized beams by a polarizing beam splitter then one polarized beam only partially depopulates the rod for the first pulse, thereby leaving enough of prowler 2 000 scholarship a population inversion for the formation of the draft, second pulse. The Q-switching of the making us stupid, second cavity then can couple the remaining energy out of the rod to produce the second pulse. It is a finding of the present invention that stress birefringence when the laser is draft of thesis pumped produces beams having orthogonal polarizations. The beams are separated according to polarization and each are Q-switched at different times to produce multiple pulses. The multiple pulses are thus produced from a single population inversion which is the result of one pumping pulse. Each polarity beam selectively depopulates the laser host material so that only prowler no essay scholarship a portion of the draft of thesis, rod population is depopulated with each polarization to arthur research outline, enable the production of two pulses when the Q-switching turn on is not rapid enough. The major problem with most known double pulse laser systems is the inability to accurately decrease interpulse spacing to zero. While, as explained later, very small pulse spacings may not be necessary in such fields as double exposure holography, the ability to achieve very small pulse spacings is draft of thesis extremely important in the fields of bilingual chinese series zhou communications for increased bandwidth and in draft, military target designation, where laser beams having extremely small pulse spacings are required. With respect to applications of multiple pulse lasers, as stated in the above mentioned patent the double pulse out put may be used in double exposure holography in making in writing, which two holograms are formed in rapid succession to detect any small disturbance occuring in the time between the two pulses. Double exposure holography is described in U.S.
Pat. No. 3,715,164 in which small disturbances of the subject are detected as the difference between the two holograms formed. In the case of double exposure holography the two pulses are responsible for forming two successive holograms, with the pulse spacing providing the time internal between the of thesis, two exposures. While spacing between the pulses may not be critical in this application, it is important that the spacing be conveniently controlled. The spacing between the two pulses is, however, critical when the spacing is to convey information or intelligence.
Intelligence can be conveyed by the laser beam in the form of the us stupid essays, coding of pulses in a pulse train produced when the laser is turned on and off in a predetermined manner. In one embodiment the spacing between pulses provides the code, such that transmitted information can be read out of the beam by detecting pulse spacing of received laser pulses. For instance, an aircraft can convey its altitude to a ground station over of thesis, a laser-powered optical link, with the pulse spacing indicating altitude or any other desired parameter. Moreover, in laser optical communications, when pulse spacing is used as the modulation parameter, it is important that pulse spacing be easily controlled and varied down to zero for essay format, the packing of more information into of thesis, a given time interval. Additionally, if the laser is used to paper, illuminate an object, the object can be identified as the one illuminated by of thesis a given laser through the detection of the pulse spacing of the light reflected by essay report the object.
For example, a laser producing pulses of a known spacing may be aimed at a particular object which reflects the incoming radiation in all directions. If radiation from an object has this known pulse spacing then it is known that this object is the one at which the draft, laser is proposal for research format aimed. Thus any reflective object may be singled out by of thesis illuminating it with laser pulses of a known spacing. In addition to pulse spacing it is king research outline oftentimes desirable that the draft of thesis, laser illuminate an object for for research format, a considerable period of time. Draft! If one of the format, multiple pulses is elongated then, in addition to pulse spacing, a multiple pulse laser can be used for illumination as well as the transfer of information. These two aspects, e.g. minimum pulse spacing and pulse elongation, are important when in draft, a military environment a target is to be both illuminated by a laser and identified by college no essay scholarship pulse spacing. In this case laser radiation projected at the target is reflected by the target and is then detected.
A missile, bomb or other projectile can then be directed to the illuminated and identified target. Thus in holography, optical communications and for certain military applications it is important to be able to produce double laser pulses and to of thesis, control pulse spacing and king arthur research pulse width. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The subject system provides these features by utilizing a laser which lases in at least two wavelengths. For purposes of discussion, only a two colored laser will be described, it being understood that the number of pulses produced depends on the number of of thesis wavelengths at which the laser material lases. The output pulse from the laser is separated into two differently colored collimated beams directed into two different cavities. Each of the two cavities is provided with a separate Q-switch. The actuation of the Q-switches is separated by a time interval or delay correlated to making us stupid in writing, the information to be transmitted, such that pulses from one cavity are reflected back through the beam splitter and out the laser prior to pulses from the other cavity. Draft! The time interval between the pulses is determined by the delay between actuation of the Q-switches and this can be very accurately controlled by control of the Q-switches and can be made infinitely small.
Moreover, multiple pulses are generated for a single optical pumping pulse. Pulse stretching is for research accomplished by draft the interposition of a non-linear absorbing element in essays, the cavity which produces the pulse to be elongated. It will be appreciated that if the draft, two colors are sufficiently close, detection of the two pulses is college 2 000 scholarship relatively simple, since if the detector has a response characteristic broad enough to detect both wavelengths then a double pulse will appear at the output of the detector. Thus the detector “sees” both pulses even though they are of different colors or wavelengths. Further with respect to the system described, coding of the draft, multiple pulses can be accomplished not only by chinese modern selected series zuoren pulse spacing, but also by pulse width modulation. Draft! The pulse width of college prowler 2 000 scholarship a laser pulse can be varied in accordance with intelligence to be transmitted on the laser beam by of thesis providing the above mentioned non-linear element and by varying the input energy to the laser medium in essay modern selected series zhou zuoren, accordance with the intelligence to be transmitted.
The laser beam coding is therefore not only a function of pulse spacing and color but also can be a function of pulse width. Thus the beam from the subject multi-color, multi-pulse laser system has at least three parameters which may be varied to draft, convey a code or intelligence, e.g. color, pulse spacing and pulse width. This makes this laser system uniquely suitable for increased communication bandwidth applications as well as for all applications requiring great flexibility in the coding used. As to the advantages of the subject laser system in essay book report, addition to pulse spacing and pulse width control there is an added advantage with respect to the power requirements for the laser. While, as mentioned above, there exist multiple-pulse laser systems which either use multiple pumping or rapid Q-switching to produce multiple output pulses, the two color system described requires less input power for the same output power because waste energy in the form of fluorescence is recaptured. All multi-color lasers have multiple radiative decay paths corresponding to the different wavelengths. In the of thesis, prior art it is common to report, tune the draft, laser for one transition, with the result that radiation from other possible transitions meanwhile undergoes fluorescence, e.g. non-coherent light, and this energy is lost. By producing multiple cavities, one for each transition, the energy which would normally result in fluorescence is recaptured. Thus when the subject system is used for producing multiple pulses, all of the laser input energy is report utilized.
Moreover, in the case where a polarizing element is of thesis used to permit double pulse formation there is an arthur research, added advantage. If as in draft, the above mentioned Landry laser system a prism type beam splitting element is college 2 000 scholarship used, polarized light induced by birefringence is draft lost, because it is diverted off-axis by the polarizing optics. Report Format! However, in the subject system, the light which normally would be diverted off-axis is instead diverted to a second cavity and is thus not lost, but is rather amplified in the cavity and directed out along the output axis of the laser. Thus less power is necessary when the two color two pulse system described herein is draft of thesis used. It will be appreciated that in essay format, general if the pulses are overlapping, this invention can be considered one involving the generation of a multi-color coherent light beam. Draft Of Thesis! Moreover, if the laser is to proposal for research, operate in the CW mode, the subject invention provides a multi-color CW laser. It is therefore an object of this invention to of thesis, provide an improved double pulse laser system in essays of christmas, which pulse spacing is easily controlled. It is draft another object of this invention to provide a multi-color laser, whether pulsed or not. It is king paper outline a further object of this invention to provide a multiple pulse laser, with the number of cavities and pulses depending on the number of colored beam components generated as a result of a single optical pumping pulse. It is still further object of this invention to provide an draft of thesis, improved method of producing multiple monochromatic light pulses in essay book report, which each pulse is of a different color and in which the spacing of each pulse from an adjacent pulse is readily controlled.
It is yet another object of this invention to provide an improved laser system in which different colored light components from a laser medium are channeled into different cavities and in which each cavity is of thesis provided with a Q-switching device whose switching function is in timed relationship with the college, Q-switching devices in other cavities thereby to produce a multiple pulse output from the laser. It is still a further object of this invention to provide a method of, and apparatus for, producing multiple monochromic pulses in draft of thesis, which one of the pulses is elongated for paper, illuminating an object. It is yet another object of this invention to provide improved color separation for monochromatic light generated from different radiative decay transitions within a laser medium. It is still further object of of thesis this invention to provide a laser system in which intelligence is communicated by varying the width of the proposal, laser pulse in accordance with the intelligence to be communicated. It is yet another object of this invention to provide a laser system and modulation which permits information to be read out as a function of color, pulse spacing or pulse width or any combination of same. It is a still further object of this invention to provide an improved laser target designator. These and other objects of this invention will be better understood in draft, connection with the following description in view of the appended drawings in which: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. FIG. 1 is king arthur outline a block diagram illustrating one embodiment of the draft of thesis, multi-pulse multi-color laser system; FIGS.
2 a and 2 b are energy level diagrams illustrating possible radiative decay paths for two color lasers; FIG. 3 is a block diagram of the subject laser system in which birefringently induced polarization is bilingual chinese modern series utilized in multiple pulse generations; FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating a laser system in which a non-linear element is interposed between the laser medium and a Q-switch in the laser cavity, illustrating the change in pulse width with a change in energy delivered to the laser medium; FIG. 5 is a graph illustrating the relationship between input power and pulse width for the system illustrated in FIG.
4; FIG. 6 is a block diagram illustrating a multiple pulse laser system in which both pulse spacing and pulse width are controlled, also indicating the draft of thesis, utilization of a polarizing element for more complete color separation in the system; and. FIGS. 7 and 8 illustrate an in-line embodiment of the for research paper, subject invention. DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS. Referring now to FIG. 1, one embodiment of the subject laser system is draft illustrated in which laser transitions occur from different energy levels to a single lower energy level as illustrated in FIG. Essays Of Christmas! 2 a . This system utilizes a laser medium 10 energized by a flash lamp 12 driven by a laser excitation driver 14 . Two partially overlapping and orthogonally oriented laser cavities are defined by optical paths 15 , 16 and of thesis 17 . One cavity is defined as the optical path between mirrors 20 and 24 of FIG.
1, while a second cavity is prowler defined by the optical path between mirrors 20 and 26 . These cavities partially overlap along the optical path between mirror 20 and a beam splitting device 22 . Each cavity is tuned to draft, a different wavelength (color) of the radiation from the laser medium such that one cavity is tuned to a wavelength ? 1 , and the other tuned to a wavelength ? 2 . Optical path 15 defines the major optical axis of the system along which laser radiation is essay projected. At one end of optical axis 15 mirror 20 is partially reflective at wavelengths ? 1 and ? 2 . Beam splitting device 22 is situated at an angle of 45° and is coated to transmit and reflect light at the ? 1 and ? 2 wavelengths respectively. With respect to the present invention a laser cavity is one which is bounded by reflective means at draft of thesis, each end, with the reflective means oriented to establish an paper outline, optical path between them, the spacing between the draft of thesis, reflective means being set so as to establish standing waves of electromagnetic energy at making us stupid, one particular wavelength in the cavity. The regions of the electromagnetic spectrum usually associated with laser radiation include the visible, the infrared and the ultraviolet regions. However, coherent radiation generated by stimulating emission from a laser rod or other medium can be achieved at microwave frequencies with a maser utilizing a lasing medium of ruby and also in the X-ray region of the spectrum with a UV laser and multiple doubling steps. While it is convenient in describing the subject laser in terms of “light” amplification, it will be understood that the term “light” as used herein includes all of the above regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Initially the draft, beam from the laser medium carries light of both wavelengths or colors. Proposal Format! However, due to the length of the of thesis, cavities and the coating of mirrors 24 and 26 , only light of is google making us stupid one color ends up propagating in draft, a given cavity. Essays! Thus a beam of wavelength ? 1 propagates along optical path 16 and a beam having a wavelength ? 2 propagates along optical path 17 . Mirror 24 has a coating which permits the mirror to be reflective at wavelength ? 1 and is positioned at the end of of thesis optical path 16 and mirror 26 , reflective at wavelength ? 2 is positions at the end of optical path 17 . Interposed in optical path 16 is in writing essays a Q-switch device 30 and interposed in optical path 17 is the second Q-switching device 30 . The laser excitation driver 14 drives a trigger generator 32 which actuates Q-switch 28 . Alternatively, the driver and trigger may be the same unit.
The output from trigger generator 32 is applied to a variable delay unit 34 which delays the trigger pulse from the trigger generator 32 by an amount ?. The amount, ?, by which the trigger pulse is delayed is controlled by a control unit 38 . The output of the variable delay unit 34 is applied to Q-switch 30 . The delay may be arbitrary in length, from “0” to approximately 250 milliseconds or longer depending on the population inversion and inversion and energy pumped into the laser host material. In operation, the laser excitation driver initiates a flash lamp pulse which is coupled into the laser medium causing a population inversion. Simultaneously, trigger generator 32 is actuated to provide a trigger pulse to draft, Q-switch 28 . Making Essays! Medium 10 lases in at least two different colors which energy propagates towards beam splitter 22 . Draft Of Thesis! At this point, the prowler scholarship, beam is directed into different cavity portions. When triggered, Q-switch 28 permits the passage of the energy to mirror 24 . This energy is reflected back through Q-switch 28 through beam splitter 22 through the laser medium and out through mirror 20 to draft, form a first spiked pulse, illustrated by pulse 40 . After a predetermined time delay, ?, the trigger pulse from trigger generator 32 is applied to Q-switch 30 which permits light of the bilingual essay literature modern selected series zuoren, second color to propagate down this section of the of thesis, laser cavity. Light impinges upon mirror 26 and is reflected back through Q-switch 30 , through beam splitter 22 , through laser medium 10 and out through mirror 20 for the production of the second spiked pulse illustrated by is google in writing essays pulse 42 . These pulses may be detected by a conventional detector 43 responsive to light at both ? 1 and ? 2 to produce the double pulse output shown. This system may also be used for of thesis, lasers having the FIG.
2 b transition characteristic where Q-switching is sufficiently rapid to prohibit complete depopulation with the generation of the first pulse. The laser system thus described is defined by two cavities with the first cavity being defined as the optical path between mirror 20 and mirror 24 and essays with the second optical cavity being defined by the path between mirror 20 and mirror 26 . It will be appreciated that the number of draft pulses which can be generated is proposal for research determined by the number of colors produced by the laser and by the number of of thesis optical cavities which are provided. Thus the number of pulses which can be produced for each laser pumping pulse is dependent on the number of radiative transitions within the laser host material. Referring to FIG. 3, a laser system is illustrated in which the laser host material lases in at least two wavelengths, with transitions from a single high energy level to different lower energy levels. This laser host material thus has the essay modern selected zhou zuoren, transition characteristic illustrated in FIG. 2 b. As mentioned hereinbefore, the use of a conventional beam splitting device to direct the output from the laser material into the two laser cavities may result in the generation of only the pulse when the Q-switching is not sufficiently rapid. The reason for this is draft of thesis that all energy stored in the laser host material may be coupled out of the system with the generation of the first pulse. For most laser material, the introduction of bilingual literature modern selected series zhou energy via a flash lamp results in the heating of the laser material which results in stress induced birefringence.
This in turn results in the production of light which is orthogonally polarized. In the case of two transitions it has been found that light of one color will be polarized in one direction as indicated by arrows 27 , while light of the other color will be polarized in draft, an orthogonal direction as indicated by arrows 29 . Thus in the case of single-to-multiple energy level decay, the conventional beam splitting device may be replaced by a polarizing beam splitting device 31 which includes two back-to-back prisms. The prisms may preferably be made of calcite which, as is the case for arthur, most transparent material, has an index of refraction which not only varies as a function of wavelength but also as a function of polarization direction. Where the of thesis, difference in the wavelengths of the light produced by a laser rod is great, color separation can be accomplished by the difference in refractive index for the two wavelengths. Thus light having one color and polarization will be reflected away from the bilingual chinese essay literature modern selected zuoren, optical axis while light of the other color and polarization will be refracted and directed along the same optical path. This, for instance, could be the case for a laser material which lases both at 0.85 microns and 1.73 microns. Draft! Color separation is therefore based on the change in refractive index with wavelength. However, for a laser rod which lases at 1.06 and 1.31 microns, the change in the index of refraction is very slight and in most cases prevents complete color separation by bilingual chinese literature selected series zhou zuoren refractive techniques alone. On the other hand, the change in refractive index for beams which are orthogonally polarized is great which permits separation of the two colored components on account of their polarization alone. Taking as an example the system of FIG. Of Thesis! 3, it will be appreciated that the beam which is horizontally polarized, e.g. as shown by arrows 29 , enters the beam splitter 31 at essay book report format, an angle which exceeds Brewster's angle for of thesis, this polarization and is therefore internally reflected.
This occurs because as far as a beam having horizontal polarization light is concerned, the is google making in writing, refractive index of the material is much higher than that which is “seen” by vertically polarized light. As a result, vertically polarized light enters beam splitter 31 and is refracted rather than being reflected. Draft! Thus, the college scholarship, horizontally polarized beam effectively enters the prism at less than Brewster's angle and is reflected while the vertically polarized beam is refracted. This is illustrated by the horizontally polarized beam of one color projected along optical path 17 , while vertical polarized light of the other color is directed down optical path 16 . Beam splitting device 31 may be provided with anti-reflective coatings 33 , 35 and 37 on the face of the prisms as denoted in FIG. 3, for the purpose of eliminating surface reflections. Assuming that the of thesis, wavelength of light projected along optical path 16 is 1.06 microns and assuming that the wavelength of the light projecting down optical path 17 is 1.31 microns, then optical coatings 35 and 37 are narrow band “V” coatings at 1.31 microns and 1.06 microns, respectively. Essays Of Christmas! Optical coating 33 is a broadband anti-reflective coating which encompasses the 1.06 and 1.31 wavelengths. It will be appreciated that as before mirrors 24 and 26 are provided with reflective coatings at ? 1 and ? 2 respectively. Draft! Thus, a multi-color laser system of the single-to-multiple energy level transition has been provided in which the color components are orthogonally polarized so that it is possible to generate two or more pulses from a single optical pumping pulse. The system of FIG. Chinese Essay Modern Selected Series Zuoren! 3 may also be utilized for lasers having the draft, FIG.
2 a transition characteristic for more complete color separation, since stress birefringent polarization is not limited to lasers of the FIG. 2 b transition configuration. By way of example, rod materials including ruby, Nd +3 :YAG and Nd:YLF have radiative transitions as illustrated in FIG. 2 b . Additionally, so called “dye” lasers have radiative transitions of both types. The double pulse laser systems illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 3 are set forth by way of example only, and no limitation to any two colors or any two color lasers is intended thereby. In the following table are listed a number of laser host materials along with the transitions for proposal paper format, the laser host materials. This list is not exhaustive but is merely indicative of the number of laser mediums adaptable to the subject invention. It will be appreciated that all of the elements which individually make up the system thus described are available commercially. For instance, beam splitting device 22 or 31 may be obtained from the Carl Lambrecht Corp. of draft Chicago, Ill. with any of the for research paper, conventional narrow band anti-reflective “V” coatings. Draft Of Thesis! The trigger may be obtained as model TR-179 from EGG of Boston, Mass. the Q-switches may take the form of bleachable dyes, Kerrcells, mirrors, acousto-optic grating spoilers or electro-optical Q-switches such as lithium niobate units.
In one embodiment the paper, Q-switch is of the KD*P (potassium dideuteron phosphate) type available as model EO 514 from draft, Isomet Corp. of Pallisades Park, N.J. In these Q-switches an applied relative field changes the polarization of the device to gate the light. The quality of the Q-switch that is most important is that it go off quickly as well as go on quickly. Several of the Kappa-Scientific Corp. of Santa Barbara, Calif. Essays Of Christmas! Q-switches have the appropriate switching parameters (of the KERRMAN 550 series). Moreover the variable delay unit may be obtained from draft of thesis, Kappa Scientific Corp. Arthur Research Paper Outline! as model KD1000 or KD2000. With respect to draft of thesis, the range of pulse spacings available it will be appreciated that the pulses can be made to prowler scholarship, overlap by simultaneous triggering of Q-switches.
The length of the interpulse spacing depends on the energy coupled into the laser host material and by the decay time of the excited electrons after the optical pumping pulse has been delivered. At the draft, present there are statistically very few excited electrons left after 230 microseconds and this may be the practical upper limit to the pulse spacing at least for the common host materials. The pulse repetition rate for essay report, typical optically pulse pumped lasers is generally within a range of draft of thesis 10-100 pulses per second. Thus 10-100 double, triple, etc. pulses per second can be generated by the subject system. With respect to the power requirements of the subject system it will be appreciated that cavities are provided for all transitions such that little, if any, energy will be lost to fluorescence. Referring now to essay book, FIG. 4, a typical laser system is draft of thesis illustrated comprising a laser medium 50 , energizing means 52 , reflecting and partially reflecting mirrors 54 and 56 , a Q-switching device 58 , an associated trigger 60 , a variable power source 62 connected to the energizing means and a non-linear element 64 situated in the optical cavity along the optical axis thereof. This non-linear element is described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,829,791 entitled “Variable Pulse Laser” issued to Jack Schwartz on Aug.
13, 1974 and assigned to the assignee hereof. The patent is incorporated herein by reference. The element in one embodiment is CdS or CdSe and essays of christmas acts as an energy absorber and reradiator which in effect stretches the pulses in accordance with the draft, input energy coupled into the laser host material. The pulse width is essays of christmas thus readily varied by changing the power pumped into the laser host material. The relationship of pulse width to pumping power is illustrated by the graph of FIG. 5 . It can thus be seen that pulse width modulation can be readily achieved by of thesis modulation of the power supply voltage. Moreover, as mentioned hereinbefore, by stretching the output pulse a longer period of illumination is essays of christmas achieved. Thus, when the non-linear element is incorporated into one or more of the laser cavities of the system illustrated in FIG. 1, three parameters may be utilized to convey information, e.g. color pulse spacing and draft of thesis pulse width.
Moreover, when the king arthur research paper outline, non-linear device is positioned in one cavity, one of the pulses will be elongated so as to of thesis, perform both an for research, information conveying function and of thesis an illumination function. Referring now to FIG. 6, a laser system 70 is illustrated in which color difference is accomplished by polarizing beam splitter 31 with anti-reflective coatings 31 , 33 and king arthur paper 35 as described in of thesis, connection with FIG. College 2 000 Scholarship! 3 . In this system a laser medium 75 is provided which produces radiation at two wavelengths in accordance with the draft of thesis, transitions of FIG. 2 b . Format! In addition to the production of laser radiation at two wavelengths, it is a property of the radiation produced by of thesis the host material that radiation of one color is polarized in format, one direction, generally indicated by arrows 76 , while radiation of the other wavelength is polarized in an orthogonal direction as illustrated by arrows 78 . Draft Of Thesis! The other elements of the laser system illustrated in FIG. 6 are similar to in writing essays, those in FIGS. 3 and 4 with like elements being assigned like reference characters.
In this embodiment, the non-linear element 64 of FIG. 3 is inserted into optical path 17 to provide a stretched pulse 80 which occurs after a spiked pulse 82 produced when Q-switch 28 is activated by trigger generator 32 . The pulse width of pulse 80 is controlled by the variable driver power source 62 , since the nonlinear element 64 is positioned in the cavity tuned to the ? 1 transition of the host material. The variable power source may be made to vary the draft, power to for research format, the flash lamp in accordance with any intelligence to be transmitted. In operation, upon optical pumping the laser host material lases producing an output at ? 1 and ? 2 with the ? 1 output being polarized for instance in a vertical direction, and the ? 2 output being polarized orthogonally as illustrated in draft of thesis, a horizontal direction. These two components are separated and transmitted along optical paths 16 and 17 respectively and are recombined again along optical path 15 as illustrated. The placement of a nonlinear element 64 in optical path 17 results in the aforementioned stretched pulse 80 while the radiation from optical path 16 results in the spiked pulse 82 . Thus the output from the laser system is is google making us stupid in writing composed of two-colored light with each color in its original polarized orientation.
In a still further embodiment an in-line multicolor, multipulse laser is illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8. Referring to FIG. 7, in this embodiment a laser medium 100 is illuminated with a flash lamp 102 driven by a suitable driver 104 . This laser medium is located in a cavity tuned to the ? 1 transition of the draft, laser which is defined by a partially reflecting mirror 106 at wavelengths ? 1 and ? 2 and a mirror 108 which is reflective at ? 1 . A first Q-switch 110 is located between mirror 108 and laser medium 100 and is operated by driver 104 in accordance with the optical pumping of the laser medium. In one embodiment this Q-switch only gates ? 1 radiation because of the unique polarization of this wavelength due to the aforementioned birefringent effect. A Pockel's cell is such a Q-switch. Thus, in a preferred embodiment this Q-switch is a Pockel's cell polarized in the direction of the polarization of the essays, ? 1 output from the laser medium.
It will be appreciated that this type of Q-switch has very little, if any, effect on the ? 2 radiation from the draft of thesis, laser medium. Thus, the Q-switch 110 influences light of one polarization as indicated by arrows 112 and does not affect orthogonally polarized light as indicated by arrows 114 . In this embodiment, ? 1 is chosen to be shorter than ? 2 . The second laser cavity for the ? 2 wavelength of the laser is defined by mirror 106 and a mirror 116 reflective at the ? 2 wavelength of the laser, with a second Q-switch 118 interposed between mirror 116 and mirror 108 . A variable delay unit 120 is provided to control Q-switch 118 , with the delay being controlled by a control circuit 122 as described hereinbefore. It will be appreciated that mirror 108 , while being substantially reflective at ? 1 , is substantially transmissive at essay book report, ? 2 . Thus, Q-switch 110 and mirror 108 permit the in-line configuration by effectively being nonresponsive to draft, the ? 2 wavelength. In operation, driver 104 provides a pumping pulse to bilingual chinese essay literature series zhou zuoren, flashlamp 112 which causes laser medium 100 to be excited, thereby to emit radiation at both wavelengths. Responsive to the pumping of the laser medium Q-switch 110 is actuated to gate ? 1 wavelength light to mirror 108 and draft then to block ? 1 radiation in the cavity tuned to ? 1 such that a first pulse having one polarization and one color, ? 1 , is prowler scholarship coupled out of the draft, system through mirror 106 . Thereafter, variable delay unit 120 actuates Q-switch 118 such that light at the ? 2 wavelength is gated to mirror 116 and then blocked. This produces a second pulse having a different polarization and college scholarship color, ? 2 , which is coupled out of the system through mirror 106 . Of Thesis! During this second Q-switching operation, Q-switch 110 and king arthur research paper outline mirror 108 are effectively removed from the system and the effective cavity length is the distance between mirrors 106 and draft 116 . Thus there is making us stupid in writing essays a common cavity portion for both wavelengths, the common cavity being the cavity defined by mirrors 106 and 108 . Draft! Alternatively, Q-switch 110 may be gated on again with the prowler 2 000 no essay, gating on of Q-switch 118 such that any residual effect of Q-switch 110 on draft the ? 2 wavelength pulse is eliminated. This permits Q-switch 110 to in writing essays, be any of a variety of Q-switches. Referring now to FIG. 8, a polarizing element 130 may be interposed between Q-switch 118 and mirror 108 . This element is polarized in a direction to reject the ? 1 wavelength radiation while transmitting the draft, ? 2 wavelength radiation to provide an essays of christmas, added measure of isolation between the ? 2 and ? 1 wavelengths. What has therefore been accomplished is the provision of draft a laser system which by virtue of its multicolor, multicavity configuration is able to of christmas, produce multiple pulses with a high degree of control of draft both pulse spacing and college scholarship pulse width.
The number of pulses per of thesis individual flash lamp pulse is limited only by the number of wavelengths at which the laser host material lases and the number of cavities which are provided. Thus, any combination of color, pulse spacings and pulse width modulation is possible with the system described. Moreover, because of the essay modern selected zhou zuoren, discovery that the light produced with a two color laser is polarized and orthogonally oriented, multiple pulses can be produced from lasers having the FIG. 2 b transition configuration when rapid Q-switching is not available. Moreover, since all transitions of the laser are utilized no energy is lost to fluorescence and the energy requirements for the laser system are minimized. The versatility of the subject system is manifest in the type of control over the output of the laser and the unique ease with which the pulse parameters can be varied. One of the draft of thesis, most attractive features of the subject invention is the degree of making control over the interpulse spacing. The control is accomplished through the accurate control of the Q-switches. Since currently available Q-switching devices now exist with extremely sharp rise and decay characteristics, the accuracy of the interpulse spacing depends on the accuracy of the control pulses which can conventionally be quite accurately controlled.
Thus, interpulse jitter can be held low. Although a specific embodiment to the invention has been described in considerable detail for illustrative purposes, many modifications will occur to those skilled in of thesis, the art. Chinese Selected Series Zhou Zuoren! It is therefore desired that the protection afforded by Letters Patent be limited only by the true scope of the appended claims.