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Billy Liar 20th Century Drama Coursework. Phd Research Proposal Finance? Extracts from this document. Billy Liar 20th Century Drama Coursework Billy silently creeps down the stairs and out of the front door. He looks around and sees Arthur walking towards him. When Arthur sees Billy he starts to run over to him. Arthur: What you doing up this early? I'd be careful if I were you Rita is supposed to academic goals be coming over to phd research finance yours to see you with her brother. Billy: I know I heard you and Rita talking outside mine last night that's why I'm up, I'm getting out the way. What are you doing up?
Arthur: I came to warn you about statement, Rita. Billy: So what happened with you and Rita last night at phd research, Foley Bottoms then? Arthur: Nothing much she was too wound up bout you. Christ Essay? She kept going on about it she did. Billy: Well she's not getting the ring. Barbara still has it. I thought I might go round to hers and try to persuade her to give me it back so I can sell it to pay back Shadrack and phd research Duxbury. Arthur: You can't avoid Rita forever! What happened with you and academic writing Liz yesterday? Billy: I was supposed to go to proposal London with her last night but I didn't. . read more. Barbara: Bye then Billy Billy: See you around Barbara leaves.
Alice comes out do my assignment, of the kitchen Alice: Is it over between you two them? Billy: yes Alice: I really liked her Geoffrey comes back Geoffrey: Do you know that girl Liz or what evaer her name is, the one you were involved with (talking to Billy) well shes gone off again, she will never settle down. Billy: Shes not the type to phd research proposal settle down Billy gets up and walks towards the living room door and up the stairs, his hands are in his pockets. Looking at the ground. He lays on his bed put his hands behind his head and sighs. Conclusion At the do my assignment me uk, end of the play Geffrey has just told Billy about Liz going off again. Billy is upset about this news that is why he goes off up to finance his room at the end. He realises that all his lies have, in the end, left him with nothing he lied to get in the first place. He now has to statement pay back Shadrack and Duxburys with the money he will get from selling the phd research proposal finance, ring. Rita gives up on ruy blas Billy and starts going out with Arthur. Phd Research? . Dissertation Planets? read more. Barbara is wearing a tweed suit and flat shoes unlike Rita wearing a short skirt and heels.
Billy does not sound surprised when he asked where the phd research proposal, rig is because he was expecting it. Barbara keeps it with her because she still ahs feelings for Billy. Billy trys to get the ring off of a mockingbird injustice, herby not sounding as if he wants it back. When Billy asks if Rita had been round he knew then answer would be no but he was trying to make conversation. Barbara gives Billy the ring because she thinks it's what he wants, really she wanted to phd research proposal forgive him and still get married. Alice is disappointed that Billy and Barbara are over. Geoffrey comes home happier than he was . Assignment? When he tells Billy about phd research finance, Liz goin away again he watches Billy carefully to see what he does.
At the end Billy knows that he has messed up and that lying gets you nowhere. He has lost 3 girls on ruy blas a day. He is depressed and sad. The fact his nan is dead also hits him. Finance? All of the scene would have Billy as then main subject with lighting in simon like figure, him. There is only music when Billy comes back through his garden gate when he is whistling. . read more. This student written piece of phd research proposal finance, work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Educating Rita section. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by goals essay writing 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related GCSE Educating Rita essays.
How do stage directions and dialogue in 'Billy Liar' help to illustrate the characters . Phd Research? Rita is the kind of character who wants to resume just express their feelings with anger, especially with confronting Billy. But we see that she also acts like this towards other characters for example: Rita- Well, you didn't then-because somebody saw you. I tried to finance explain that I wanted a better way of livin' me life. An' he listened to me. But he didn't understand. The audience then sympathizes with Rita and wants her to christ figure essay achieve the life she wants. He was moanin' all the time. 'Come off the pill, let's have a baby'. see, I don't wanna a baby yet. Billy Liar - Discuss your opinions of Billy's 3 girlfriends.
Do they give a . I want that ring. Rita says this after Billy asks if she is breaking of the marriage. Phd Research Finance? Rita is academic essay writing, goby and loud mouthed, she goes round to Billy's house on page 108 with Arthur and is shouting up at the windows at all hours. Karl Swindlehurst English language Coursework. Frank replied with a warming voice; Apparently the boat is leaving later on tonight.
Are you coming with me Eveline was unsure and replied with a half baked answer, I don't know maybe Frank wasn't baffled by her answer, he knew she wasn't sure the first time, I'm. Billy's Relationships with women of his own age in the play 'Billy Liar' - . Proposal Finance? Liz, once again is separated from the other two because of Billy's genuine love for her, the planets, remarkable thing about their relationship is that they are attracted to phd research proposal each other for the same reason. They are part of the new-formed generation rising above their elders [despite his lack of vocation Billy can still be considered part of this movement]. Goals Writing? BILLY LIAR COURSEWORK: 'Explain how both humour and conflict are created in the scene . Proposal? I think that Billy is a desperate teenager who just engaged to Barbara and Rita so that he could have sex with them and when he found out that Barbara wouldn't have sex till they were married he tried to make her split up with him by telling her that he had been lying to her. Billy Liar; How would I play Billy. This should represent that a lot is going on in his head and a mockingbird injustice essay that he is nervous. I would have him waving his left hand around, as if he is making everything up on phd research proposal finance the spot, his right hand would be holding the phone. The Three Girls in Billy Fishers life. Me Uk? She has the most respect for phd research proposal, the family out of the three girls but then again I think she feels the most comfortable in a family environment. She is portrayed as being very quiet.
In the dissertation, whole of phd research finance, act 2 she says little to Rita even though she is shouting. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. Resume Ruy Blas? improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of finance, The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Sign up to view the whole essay and do my download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.
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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of phd research proposal finance, contents. 1. business plans and christ figure, marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for phd research finance, writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results.
This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and dissertation, a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for phd research, marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and hegel planets, tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and finance, methods about sales planning and do my, selling, extending to cold calling and proposal finance, negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to to kill a mockingbird essay selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to phd research finance a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. A Mockingbird Racial. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods.
Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is phd research finance used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and phd dissertation, write about phd research finance business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in resume, the subject of phd research, buisness planning, although there is hegel dissertation planets no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is phd research proposal finance arguably 'strategic'. A Mockingbird Racial Injustice Essay. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach.
Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Phd Research Proposal Finance. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and a mockingbird, increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to proposal refer to them. I should clarify that finance is statement of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in phd research finance, terms of do my assignment, planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and phd research proposal finance, thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and resume, how to fulfil it.
Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the finance words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to goals essay customers, in phd research proposal finance, the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and dissertation planets, selling. Phd Research Proposal. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the goals writing customer. Given all this, it is phd research hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the simon christ figure department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and proposal, various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of christ like figure, 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to proposal the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for essay, a trade or profit. Proposal. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of resume ruy blas hugo, which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc.
Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and phd research, marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and do my assignment, daunting but mostly it is common sense.
Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and proposal finance, the strategy which drives them, are based on do my me uk logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and proposal finance, effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of phd dissertation problem, numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the phd research finance numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and phd dissertation, modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an proposal finance, ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for phd dissertation statement, future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for phd research proposal, an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid.
Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the resume ruy blas hugo planning to proposal finance be based on hegel existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of phd research finance, planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to planets create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on proposal which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the simon like principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers.
A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of finance, self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on do my the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to proposal finance suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF).
The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of ruy blas hugo, a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the proposal finance tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for essay writing, example organisation/organization, colour/color. Phd Research. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to do my me uk the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to finance be done rather than assume the do my aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to proposal organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in dissertation, written form, comprising explanation, justification and proposal, relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and do my me uk, revenues - are normally scheduled over at phd research proposal finance, least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively.
a business - an resume hugo, activity or entity, irrespective of size and phd research finance, autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and essay, hospitals are in this context referred to phd research finance as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of a mockingbird racial injustice, any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for finance, example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the academic goals essay writing responsibility of finance, a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Phd Dissertation Statement. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the finance department concerned. Assignment Me Uk. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the phd research finance main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and hegel dissertation planets, how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of phd research proposal, influence upon hegel dissertation the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and proposal, communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the resume hugo sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and phd research proposal finance, how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on dissertation the needs of the business.
The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Proposal. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by phd dissertation problem, the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer.
See the section on phd research proposal finance service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the a mockingbird racial injustice essay business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and proposal, ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to ruy blas corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of phd research proposal finance, these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to hegel dissertation the task. Proposal Finance. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by ruy blas, senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and phd research proposal, content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in assignment, the financial terms glossary, and proposal finance, more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content).
when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in phd dissertation, mind . Phd Research Finance. Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to do my assignment me uk anyone else involved. Proposal Finance. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the to kill planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to phd research introduce ethical principles later into do my, an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the phd research proposal finance owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation.
Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for goals essay writing, their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on proposal investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to academic essay sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of proposal, organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the to kill racial particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. Phd Research Finance. This tends to focus thinking on dissertation creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and finance, philosophy.
In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the resume ruy blas enterprise. In the finance first example, return on investment is the aim; in problem statement, the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the finance main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on resume ruy blas hugo investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Proposal. Planning in simon christ like figure essay, traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time.
In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to phd research proposal write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the resume ruy blas hugo manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to proposal achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of resume, a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to phd research proposal become so, since the christ like collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Phd Research Proposal. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business.
Instead the main driver of me uk, enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of phd research proposal, a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is simon like essay (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to phd research finance sustain local jobs, and/or to dissertation benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is proposal helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on resume ruy blas hugo investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the phd research finance means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and resume ruy blas hugo, effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to proposal finance cause this to happen?
Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of to kill racial, cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to finance the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. Hegel Dissertation. In this context, the phd research proposal business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on hugo investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and phd research proposal, consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning.
carry out like figure, your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and phd research finance, reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to academic writing any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to phd research finance business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and christ like, values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to phd research proposal finance help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself.
Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and dissertation, necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is phd research proposal important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is resume ruy blas sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for phd research, your own purposes. Problem Statement. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and finance, preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. Academic. A lot of phd research, useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of to kill a mockingbird essay, analysis.
Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is phd research finance inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and simon like figure essay, quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by phd research finance, sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Ruy Blas. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. Finance. avoid three and hegel, five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and phd research proposal, measure the data produced. Try to essay writing convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet.
Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. Proposal Finance. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business.
These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. Resume. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and phd research proposal finance, purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and to kill racial, the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).
In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'.
It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and phd research, customers what you are in goals essay, business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. Phd Research Proposal Finance. You can involve staff in hegel, defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and finance, particularly the planets emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s)
You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and phd research proposal, critically must include the dissertation planets way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for finance, each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the dissertation more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in phd research proposal finance, developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to simon figure essay your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Proposal. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits.
The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. Ruy Blas. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only proposal finance, open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of hegel dissertation, what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in proposal, your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of statement, business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and phd research proposal, particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads.
Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Academic Writing. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is phd research proposal a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the simon christ like figure numbers are to be achieved. Phd Research Proposal. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and phd dissertation problem statement, costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. Proposal Finance. The level of detail and complexity depends on a mockingbird racial injustice the size and phd research, part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process.
It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. Problem Statement. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. Phd Research Proposal. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and simon essay, particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to phd research finance achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and dissertation planets, measure the relevant activities and resources.
quantify the phd research proposal finance business you seek from hugo, each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and proposal finance, activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the phd dissertation problem business have? What customer losses are you projecting?
How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and phd research finance, contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and dissertation, distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to phd research last year are you projecting?
How is your market share per academic essay, business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the proposal simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and statement, products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the phd research finance tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Statement. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to phd research proposal employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another.
Think about what option offers the best potential for do my assignment me uk, your own business and market. Think about the strengths of phd research proposal, your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and dissertation, carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of phd research, market share to be had at the expense of christ like figure essay, your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for proposal, the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in hegel dissertation, this area would produce diminishing returns from phd research finance, your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by hegel dissertation planets, reducing costs than by phd research, actively seeking more market share. Academic Essay. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to proposal finance your market and your distribution route.
Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is a mockingbird injustice essay normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. Phd Research. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of do my assignment, products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for finance, your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to phd dissertation problem statement the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. Phd Research Proposal Finance. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and problem statement, routes to phd research finance market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and a mockingbird racial injustice, supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in finance, terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements.
Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of dissertation planets, their market potential, and proposal, thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. Simon Like Figure Essay. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is phd research shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail.
Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is me uk unhelpful - instead, clarity and finance, ease of problem statement, understanding are extremely helpful, especially in proposal, communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant.
Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into assignment, this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to phd research the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the writing application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to proposal finance ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of problem, research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in finance, this area to be loss-making until the product moves into academic, the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in phd research, a strong and growing market.
As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and academic essay, so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins.
Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of proposal finance, continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in planets, terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on phd research finance a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and racial, small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to phd research proposal sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is hegel dissertation planets used by many companies to understand and phd research proposal, determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by to kill a mockingbird injustice, reference to the Boston matrix model.
There is a lot of phd research proposal finance, flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to hugo your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and phd research proposal, support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and assignment, of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and phd research proposal, profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the assignment type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship.
A firm view needs to proposal be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and simon like essay, contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Phd Research. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and dissertation planets, advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of phd research finance, sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the resume ruy blas SWOT analysis also for proposal finance, assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department.
Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to essay help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on phd research marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on planets a spreadsheet. Phd Research Proposal Finance. The level of detail is up to resume you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the proposal finance next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and assignment me uk, analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit.
Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for phd research proposal finance, example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by statement, distributor (or route to proposal finance market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans.
If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and problem statement, then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to finance different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to academic produce the finance planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the dissertation same: plan the detailed numbers and values of phd research finance, what the hegel planets business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and phd research proposal finance, financials into statement, a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Phd Research. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Hegel Dissertation Planets. This plan example is phd research proposal also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and do my assignment, business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Phd Research Proposal Finance. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.
Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by simon like figure, relevant financial data, of proposal finance, how you are going to develop your business. Figure Essay. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of phd research proposal, historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to christ figure explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to phd research finance sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and problem statement, marketing data, in most types of businesses it is phd research proposal finance also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and to kill a mockingbird injustice, gross margin/profitability targets that relate to finance the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the academic goals actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front.
The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the phd research proposal finance marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of do my, business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template.
Keep the written part of the phd research finance business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Essay Writing. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the phd research proposal plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to phd dissertation problem statement include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and phd research proposal finance, referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of phd dissertation problem, a new page. Number the pages. Phd Research Proposal. Important plans should be suitably bound. Statement. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to phd research finance read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to assignment me uk read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and finance, confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at simon essay, the back of the phd research document) allowing the reader to goals essay writing find what they need and phd research proposal finance, navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying.
Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the do my assignment me uk plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for proposal, formal and problem statement, large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Proposal Finance. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for goals essay, a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to proposal show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the hegel dissertation planets plan, they are crucial reference points.
Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to phd research proposal finance you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to figure essay refer to phd research ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and resume ruy blas hugo, products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the finance '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and essay, especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and phd research finance, acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in a mockingbird injustice, it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and proposal, track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to simon like figure essay SWOT analysis of proposal, each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by do my me uk, product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. Finance. This should be on resume ruy blas hugo a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and proposal finance, return on investment for resume ruy blas hugo, each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and proposal finance, marketing issues. staffing and training implications.
Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Academic Goals Essay. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Phd Research Finance. Are all of phd dissertation, your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into proposal finance, the business plan under human resources and racial essay, training, where budgets need to be available to support the finance investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to hegel inform staff and customers what your standards are.
These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to phd research proposal ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for assignment, written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for proposal finance, each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to hegel dissertation planets be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of finance, developing these understandings and phd dissertation problem statement, agreements is absolutely crucial to phd research proposal the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the do my biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to proposal put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and statement, therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements.
A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and phd research proposal finance, so not good at phd dissertation, taking initiative to phd research proposal identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to to kill injustice essay establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of phd research proposal finance, proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to resume ruy blas SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. Phd Research. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and to kill racial essay, preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element:
Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and finance, performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out academic writing, there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations.
Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. Phd Research. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in dissertation planets, order to: Put at ease and phd research proposal finance, give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the assignment chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the proposal finance causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to academic goals essay deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.
If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the phd research customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and assignment me uk, communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and proposal, data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for simon essay, you and for your customers.
Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and proposal, where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. Resume Hugo. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to phd research measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the simon christ like figure essay standards and phd research proposal, the reporting needs to be transparent to planets them also.
How do you report on finance sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know? Who needs to ruy blas hugo capture the data? communications and proposal finance, ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an do my assignment me uk, open dialogue with your customers is vital.
There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the finance service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. Hegel Planets. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and phd research, perceptions survey.
There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for hegel, traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Phd Research Finance. Not everyone is naturally good at figure essay, business planning, but everyone who dreams of proposal, being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in hugo, all shapes and sizes, from finance, all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so.
Business and enterprise is planets not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of phd research proposal finance, your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. To Kill A Mockingbird Essay. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and phd research, Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose.
They assess people's strengths completely differently to resume traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at proposal, all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an problem statement, enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at phd research proposal, what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to resume ruy blas be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of proposal finance, becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of problem statement, these factors in finance, terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for problem statement, a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it?
And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on proposal doing something the phd dissertation owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Finance. Divide your required annual wage by the number of resume ruy blas hugo, work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. Phd Research Proposal Finance. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it.
A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to resume what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and phd research finance, what they charge and their relative quality. Goals Essay Writing. Service businesses that use only the proposal finance person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and simon christ, enterprise. Consider the effect of phd research proposal, VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of assignment me uk, course are more sensitive to phd research proposal finance VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.)
4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is hegel dissertation a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and phd research finance, why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the problem gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of proposal finance, running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is resume necessary - activity and cost. Phd Research Proposal Finance. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Hegel Dissertation Planets. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in phd research, a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on do my me uk marketing and proposal finance, selling.)
7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the goals financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for proposal finance, a business of like figure essay, any scale and proposal finance, complexity. Statement. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Phd Research. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf.
The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the dissertation principle is the phd research finance same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is essay increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and proposal finance, administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to simon essay personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the finance company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and like figure, legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for proposal finance, example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in resume ruy blas hugo, more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about proposal cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to simon christ like essay set up and proposal finance, administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to dissertation partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees.
This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in proposal finance, its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to academic goals the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and phd research finance, executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for resume ruy blas hugo, large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of phd research proposal finance, extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of do my me uk, business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Phd Research. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account.
In fact it is dissertation a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due.
Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of phd research, HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. To Kill Injustice. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about finance it and surely due for updating to goals essay the modern age. HMRC is finance another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. Assignment Me Uk. God help us all, our country is proposal run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Hegel Dissertation Planets. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.
Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of phd research proposal finance, VAT on to kill a mockingbird injustice essay pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business.
Up to a certain level of turnover (in the phd research proposal UK) becoming registered for essay, VAT is optional. If your business turnover is phd research proposal likely to resume ruy blas hugo be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by phd research, certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and dissertation planets, more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and phd research finance, submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for phd dissertation statement, small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to proposal set funds aside to simon figure essay pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and proposal, Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on dissertation planets company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is proposal finance a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help.
Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of do my assignment, personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of finance, many entrepreneurs. Resume Hugo. So again shop around and find an phd research proposal finance, accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to hegel dissertation grow and develop significantly.
Accountants might seem at times to be from phd research proposal, another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and phd dissertation problem statement, leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the phd research finance business - concentrating your efforts and do my me uk, ideas and strategy externally towards markets and proposal finance, customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for hegel dissertation planets, a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation.
This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to phd research proposal tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in resume ruy blas hugo, the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to phd research financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to christ like figure essay planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and phd research proposal finance, business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on like figure sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too.
Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and phd research proposal finance, budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of to kill a mockingbird racial injustice, which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to proposal finance pay taxes when due. The risks of statement, getting into difficulties can be greater for phd research, the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to assignment me uk have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to phd research proposal finance cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and academic, accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Phd Research. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the statement money belongs to the taxman.
It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to phd research proposal set this money aside, and to simon figure pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the phd research proposal risks of your being unable to phd dissertation statement pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to phd research proposal calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Goals Essay Writing. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and finance, systems to identify and account accurately for statement, your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and proposal finance, ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to christ identify the taxes applicable to phd research proposal your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately.
It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in problem statement, a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem.
Having not enough money to phd research finance pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is hegel planets a problem; sometimes enough to phd research proposal finance kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and statement, easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and finance, setting aside money to hegel pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the proposal UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B.
Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in dissertation planets, the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the proposal finance approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. To Kill A Mockingbird Racial Injustice Essay. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is phd research finance fundamental to like essay good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to phd research finance set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Dissertation Planets. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to phd research proposal finance ?30k you need to set aside 30% to like essay cover income tax and proposal finance, national insurance. For earnings over writing ?30k you need to phd research proposal set aside 50% to cover your income tax and assignment me uk, national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%).
Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is proposal easier to ruy blas hugo use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to proposal finance your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in goals essay, your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and phd research proposal, simpler in dissertation, this example you could round it up to phd research proposal finance 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at planets, the higher rate.
You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of proposal finance, under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for academic, many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and phd research proposal finance, percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for academic essay, tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for proposal, example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and like figure, taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to proposal finance reduce tax liabilities by dissertation planets, reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc.
A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the phd research tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and assignment, sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the finance project or group, in other words, what do the writing decision-makers need to see in order to phd research approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and to kill a mockingbird injustice, particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and phd research, outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of christ figure essay, satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on phd research proposal investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and academic goals, assuming there is no better alternative)
Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and proposal finance, concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in writing, person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness.
tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and phd research finance, consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to hegel dissertation get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the finance right person to work with, and to resume establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. Proposal Finance. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to planets work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for phd research proposal, a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to simon seek a good single operator, or small partnership of phd research proposal, experts. Resume. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and phd research proposal, so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to academic writing and from phd research finance, your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and problem, got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and proposal, decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of ruy blas hugo, work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of proposal, money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and goals essay, real business realities, who've worked in proposal, situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of essay, transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to finance and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and phd dissertation problem statement, take it from phd research finance, there.
The chances of finding the racial right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and proposal finance, marketing material from ruy blas hugo, consultants is phd research proposal a lottery too. Problem. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of phd research proposal finance, incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the do my assignment me uk person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for proposal finance, much money up front at all, but from your point of planets, view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward.
Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and phd research proposal, will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and to kill a mockingbird racial essay, appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the phd research finance right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and academic goals writing, details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success:
Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and phd research finance, appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is to kill a mockingbird racial essay providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is proposal built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people.
If you already have a career behind you, and hegel, you wonder if you've got it in phd research proposal finance, you to assignment me uk compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in phd research proposal finance, forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for to kill a mockingbird injustice, good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and finance, styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at.
They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and like figure essay, which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to phd research proposal new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and ruy blas, working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them.
business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. Phd Research. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need.
It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the resume ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to phd research spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. Phd Dissertation Problem. This is phd research proposal de-stabilising and christ essay, stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and phd research proposal, focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on resume hugo doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to phd research proposal finance your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.
The sooner you identify these things in hegel, yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to proposal finance be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the planets organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. Phd Research Proposal. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to hugo society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and phd research finance, competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on academic essay writing people, and people depend on relationships.
Aside from finance, this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.
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7th grade math test Looking for proposal, a good way to problem review core 7th grade math concepts with your students? This math review packet covers some of the major topics taught in 7th grade math. It covers: - all four operations with integers (including order of phd research proposal finance operations problems with integers) - all four operations with rational numbers (positive and negative decimals, fractions, and mixed numbers) - solving one- and two-step equations - solving proportions and percent problems - area, perimeter, circumference, surface. STAAR 7th Grade Math Review Booklet. Overview of academic goals essay all 7th Grade TEKS for students to phd research review: -7.2A relationships between sets of goals rational numbers -7.3AB add, subtract, multiply, and phd research divide rational numbers fluently -7.4A constant rates -7.4B unit rates -7.4C constant proportionality k=y/x -7.4D ratios, rates, percents -7.4E convert between measurement systems -7.5A similarity -7.5B ratio of christ like figure circumference to diameter -7.5C similar shapes and phd research scale drawings -7.6ACD sample space: simple and compound (experimental and. Ruy Blas? Adding Integers Task Cards, 7th Grade Math Review, Integer Games SCOOT. You will download 30 adding integers task cards for 7th grade, 8th grade, middle school and special education math students. Phd Research Proposal? Ideas for integer games and activities are included, such as a scavenger hunt or SCOOT. Use them in problem, math centers or stations as a review, test prep, formative assessment or extra morning work practice.
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A student response form and answer key are included. Common Core Standards Lesson Plan: CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.NS.A.1 Apply and extend previous understandings of ruy blas hugo addition and. FSA, Regents, End of Year Assessment, 7th Grade Math Review Booklet. This booklet contains EVERY concept a 7th grader will need to know in phd research finance, order to essay pass the phd research, Regents, Florida State Assessment (FSA), or end of hegel planets year assessment. There are vocabulary words, walk through examples, and finance examples for the students to try on their own.
You can use this a big homework assignment, or as a 2-3 day in class review. Each concept is aligned with the Common Core Standards. As a 7th grade teacher, I have assigned this booklet as homework to be completed over spring break. There. Circumference of a Circle, Geometry Task Cards, 7th Grade Math Review Games. You will download 30 circumference task cards for 7th grade and special education math students to practice finding the ruy blas hugo, circumference of a circle using radius and diameter. Proposal? Ideas for ruy blas, geometry games and activities are included, such as a scavenger hunt or SCOOT. Use them in math centers or stations as a review, test prep, formative assessment or extra morning work practice. A student response form and answer key are included. Common Core Standards Lesson Plan: CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.4.
Area of a Circle, Geometry Task Cards, 7th Grade Math Review, Diameter Radius. You will receive 30 task cards to use as a review or as games in your math centers or stations. A student response form and answer key are also provided. These task cards are fun to use on Pi Day. CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.4 These task cards are a great way to reinforce skills while allowing students movement in the classroom. Students prefer them over phd research worksheets. Movement is writing, important for students of all ages. You will receive scavenger hunt game directions along with 20 uses for these.
Area and proposal finance Circumference of a Circle, Geometry Activities, 7th Grade Math Review. In this 7th grade math review bundle, you will receive 3 anchor chart posters for pi, area and circumference of assignment me uk circles. You will also receive 60 geometry task cards to use in math centers or stations. Ideas for games and activities are included, such as as scavenger hunt or SCOOT. Students response forms and proposal finance answer keys are included. Common Core Standards Lesson Plan: CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.4 ------------------------------- You will receive the dissertation, following geometry activities in this. (Updated and proposal improved!) This is a comprehensive math packet for 7th graders based on common core standards. This will be a great tool to use as a review, for test preparation, or as an informal assessment. It is also designed so that each skill can be cut to use individually for math centers or minute math activities -- there are 32 of academic goals writing them -- enough for phd research proposal, each student in class! 7th Grade Math Review Game - Kaboom.
Great for academic goals essay, 6th and 7th grade math review. 60 question cards that review math skills from phd research, basic algebra to resume hugo geometry to finance probability and statistics. Kaboom is one of the most engaging activities I have ever had my students do for review. Do My? Simply print 5-8 copies of the cards. Cut the phd research proposal, cards apart, and put each set in a separate bucket or container. You can prepare this game in less than 10 minutes. Students will take turns pulling cards and a mockingbird essay attempting to proposal finance answer the questions. One student. Resume Hugo? 7th Grade Math Review Booklet- Perfect to review and practice skills from 5th and finance 6th grade that are needed for success in 7th grade math! Included in this product: “Getting Ready for do my me uk, 7th Grade Math” Review Booklet.
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Most of the 20 skills include quick sample problems for the students to. 7th Grade Math Review Color and Solve. 7th Grade Math Review Color and Solve Activity Included in this product: Solve and Color Picture with 8 questions involving major 7th grade math concepts including: solving proportions, adding negative fractions, solving multi-step equations, finding circumference of a circle, probability, tax, tip, and solving inequalities. Do My? Answer Key Check out the preview for phd research finance, a more detailed look at each page Check out my 7th Grade Math Review Bingo and Task Cards HERE Check my other COLOR AND. 7th Grade Math Review Bingo and to kill a mockingbird Task Cards, Common Core Aligned Review Included in this product: *30 Unique bingo cards *25 calling cards (numbered to be used as task cards for independent or small group work) *Reproducible work space *2 different task cards recording sheet *Answer key Check out 7th Grade Math Review Color and Solve Activity HERE. Phd Research? FSA, Regents, End of Year Assessment, 7th Grade Math Review Game Printable. This is a review board game of ruy blas hugo all 7th grade common core material needed for the FSA, regents, or end of year assessment. Students may work in groups of phd research proposal finance 3-4 to complete the game. Hugo? There are 120 questions broken up into 4 categories: 1) geometry, 2) expressions, equations and inequalities, 3) the number system, ratios and proportions, and 4) probability and statistics. You may use this as a review game in partners or as a class.
You may also choose to phd research proposal finance make a review packet from the 120. This is a collection of 10 days worth of 12 questions for review, test prep and end of the year acitivites. Academic Goals Essay? The 12 questions come from the same 12 concepts everyday. It is a perfect way to start each class as a bell ringer or mindset activity that reviews learning from the whole year. Finance? The twelve 7th grade concepts reviewed are: *proportions *proportional relationships *circumference *multiplying and resume ruy blas dividing integers *adding integers *graphing inequalities *volume of prisms *2-step. 6.NS.1, 6.G.1, 7.NS.1, 7.NS.2, 7.EE.1, 7.EE.4, 7.G.4, 7.G.6 About this resource : This St. Patrick's Day themed resource includes seven stations that allow your students to phd research review some 7th grade math skills that have been covered up until this point in the school year.
Use as many or as few of the stations as you wish - they are not numbered! In addition to the stations there are hint cards. You can decide whether or not to give the hint cards to the students as they work through the. Do My Assignment? Vertical Angles Task Cards, Geometry Games, 7th Grade Math Review. You will receive 30 measuring angles task cards for phd research, your students to practice finding the missing vertical angles. Academic Goals Essay? Ideas for proposal finance, geometry games and activities are included, such as a scavenger hunt and SCOOT. Game ideas are included. Resume Hugo? These cards work well for teaching 6th grade and 7th grade math centers or stations as a review, test prep or as extra practice for special education math students. Student response forms and answer keys are included. Common Core Standards Lesson. Phd Research? I#039;ve Got 99 Problems.
A 7th grade math review. Math Teacher's got Problem's is providing you with 99 short answer problems covering the do my, major skills and concepts from the 7th grade mathematics common core standards. This review sheet is set up in table form making it easy to spot check and able to fit on one page when copied front to back. This is a great concept review for the end of the year cumulative assessment, is print ready and an answer key included! Supplementary Angles Task Cards, 7th Grade Math Review, Geometry Games.
You will receive 30 measuring angles task cards for your students to practice finding the missing supplementary angles. Ideas for geometry games and activities are included, such as a scavenger hunt and SCOOT. Game ideas are included. These cards work well for teaching 6th grade and 7th grade math centers or stations as a review, test prep or as extra practice for phd research finance, special education math students. Student response forms and resume ruy blas answer keys are included. Common Core Standards Lesson. Phd Research? Complementary Angles Task Cards, Geometry Games, 7th Grade Math Review. You will receive 30 measuring angles task cards for your students to resume hugo practice finding the missing complementary angles.
Ideas for proposal finance, geometry games and activities are included, such as a scavenger hunt and SCOOT. Game ideas are included. These cards work well for teaching 6th grade and 7th grade math centers or stations as a review, test prep or as extra practice for special education math students. Student response forms and answer keys are included. Common Core Standards Lesson. 7th Grade Math Review Scavenger Hunt. Get students out of problem statement their seats and reviewing seventh grade math with this interactive scavenger hunt. Students will review unit rates, constant of proportionality, percent proportion, rational number operations, distributive property, two-step equations and inequalities, proportionality in geometry, circumference of a circle, supplementary angles, volume of a prism, mean absolute deviation, compound probability, and sample space.
Great for 7th grade end of year review or 8th grade beginning. 7th Grade Math Review Choice Board – End of the Year Math Menu. End of the phd research proposal finance, Year Math Review Choice Board – 7th Grade Standards– This math review choice board is an amazing differentiation tool that not only to kill a mockingbird injustice essay empowers students through choice but also meets their individual needs. At the same time, students are able to show their understanding of key 7th grade math concepts at finance a variety of TOK levels. This board contains three leveled activities for each domain: appetizer, entree, and dessert. - Fractions - Geometry - Measurement - Numbers and. Adding Integers Task Cards, 7th Grade Math Review, Integer Games. Teachers will download 30 printable adding integers task cards. They work well in math centers and stations for hegel dissertation, teaching 6th grade, 7th grade, middle school and special education math students. Ideas for phd research finance, integer games and activities are included, such as a scavenger hunt or SCOOT. Use them as a math review, test prep, formative assessment or as extra math practice.
A student response form and answer key are also provided. Common Core Standards Lesson Plan: CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.NS.A.1 You may. 7th Grade Math Review (calendar math) This is a Calendar Math Review for the Month of March, 2014. The calendar is editable, so you can rearrange it to work for any month. I use this with my 7th grade advanced students. This is an excellent review of previously covered Common Core 7th Grade Math Standards.
Some 8th grade standards are used, also. You can use this in many ways! I simply give it to students at the beginning of the month, have them complete it on their own time, and do my assignment me uk turn it in by the due date. Many students keep the. 7th Grade Math Review (calendar math) This is phd research proposal finance, a review of 7th grade math problems from the assignment, first semester. Problems are Common Core based - mostly Ratio and Proportional Reasoning and The Number System. You can use this in phd research proposal finance, many ways. I give it to problem my students at the beginning of the phd research proposal finance, month, and do my me uk they are free to phd research complete the problems whenever they'd like. Some may want students to complete a problem a day and go over it with them then. Problems Include: -Integers (add, subtract, multiply, divide) -Fractions (add, subtract, This a review packet for my 7th Grade Math classes. Phd Dissertation? It focuses on phd research proposal finance ideas such as classifying angles and triangles, classifying polygons, similar figures, circles and their parts, circle graphs, etc.
This packet was used as both a test review and as classwork with a partner. It is a comprehensive packet of many different ideas and is a great way for students to review and practice concepts. ANSWER KEY IS AVAILABLE - it can be found under my other products. This is simon like figure, a power point containing two 8-question bingo games for year end review. The questions are based on Common Core standards and more specifically the TN Ready Test. Proposal? Please check out the preview file.
No Prep 7th Grade Math Review Puzzles. This series of 7 math puzzles reviews a wide variety of topics covered in hegel, 7th grade including integers, rational numbers, combining like terms, probability, proportional relationships, surface area, volume and 2-step equations. Proposal Finance? 2 of the puzzles review a variety of content standards. The other 5 puzzles each focus on an individual topic, one from each domain: integers, proportional relationships, geometry, probability and combining like terms. These puzzles could be used in many ways. Common Core 7th Grade Math Review - The Number System.
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Ideas for games and finance activities are included, such as, a scavenger hunt or game of SCOOT. A student response form and hegel dissertation planets answer key are included. Common Core Standards Lesson. Fun Riddle Review! Perfect for phd research proposal, early finishers or enrichment Includes questions from: Probability Percent Ratio Proportion Integers Rational Numbers Expressions Equations. Want to review your students for the 7th-grade math test? These 56 task cards for you. Phd Dissertation? These cards can be printed on front/back and finance laminated for goals essay writing, reuse. You'll notice several have Test Tips on the answer slide so that student can not only review the math problem but also learn valuable test-taking strategies.
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7th Grade Math Review Calendar (October 2015) This is a Math Calendar that is a cumulative review for the Month of October, 2015. The calendar is editable, so you can rearrange it to work for academic essay, any month and change problems as you see fit. Phd Research Proposal Finance? I use this with my general 7th grade classes. This is an racial, excellent review of previously covered Common Core 7th Grade Math Standards. Everything that I teach in August and September is reviewed in this calendar for phd research proposal finance, October. You can use this in phd dissertation problem, many ways! I simply give it to students at the beginning of. Spring Garden (a 7th grade math review mini project) This project was designed as a way to finance bring back various concepts from phd dissertation, throughout the year to prepare for testing. Some of the topics include: calculating volume and area of composite shapes calculating area and circumference of a cirlce appropriate rounding finding unit rate/price rational number operations (including fractions) adding, dividing, multiplying decimals unit conversion percentages (discounts tax rate) *could easily include proportional reasoning as well This project. Phd Research Proposal Finance? 10 centers, each with 5 questions, to review 7th grade Common Core standards. Topics covered: A - Adding Subtracting Integers B - Multiplying Dividing Integers C - Proportional Relationships D - Using Proportions E - Simplifying Expressions F - Solving Equations G - Inequalities H - Area I - Volume J - Surface Area Each center has a hint section to remind students of the statement, basics of the content.
Student answer pages and finance answer key included. To Kill A Mockingbird Racial? Give this to students as summer work review or to your eighth grade students in proposal finance, the beginning of the year. 7th Grade Math Review Powerpoint 31 questions. 31 powerpoint questions to review 7th grade math curriculum. Great for 7th graders at the end of the year or to problem statement assess prior knowledge for 8th graders at the beginning!
You can make these multiple choice questions into a game! Topics covered: word problems, in and out tables, linear/non-linear, order of operations, positive/negative integers, number lines, fractions, percentages, angles, and coordinate grids.. Each week I assign my students a review that is due at the end of the week. Each review contains material they have learned throughout the school year, as to proposal finance not lose any of the skills as we move from one chapter to the next. This review contains concepts from McGraw Hill's Course 2 chapters 1-3. St.
Patrick#039;s Day Stations - 7th Grade Math Review. A Mockingbird Racial Injustice Essay? Each station is a different unit that I have taught this school year. I run each station as a Think-Pair-Share. There are 10 questions per station for a total of 10 points. You get 7 minutes to proposal think, 3 to pair, and to kill a mockingbird racial then 2 to phd research proposal share an goals writing, answer key to review answers and ask questions. The stations review integers, percents, rates, ratios, proportions, equations, statistics and probability. Proposal Finance? Adjacent Angles Task Cards, Geometry Games, 7th Grade Math Review Games.
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I CAN Math Games are the perfect way to statement make math fun! This 7th Grade Math Game focuses on Proportional Equations and Proportional Relationships in Word Problems, and provides students with practice in the form of multiple choice or short answer questions. QR codes (optional) make this game even more interactive as students get immediate feedback on their work! ALL I Can Math Games can be used for independent practice, a small group activity, a whole group review, or for progress monitoring. Please note that you're heading to a part of our site that's not yet optimized for phd research proposal finance, mobile.
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Free Essays on Mark Antony Vs Brutus. CHARACTER SKETCH OF “ MARK ANTONY ” FROM THE PLAY “JULIUS CAESER” Prior to Caesar's assassination, Antony makes four brief appearances in which he speaks a total of proposal finance five lines. Twice during Lupercal and again at like essay Caesar's house, he makes short statements indicating that he is loyal to Caesar as dictator. Characters/b/center br brIn Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, Brutus and Cassius are contrasting characters. They differ in the way they perceive Antony as a threat to the assassination plot, their dominance in personality, and their moral fiber. In Julius Caesar, Brutus is the more naive, dominant and noble character. Julius Caesar Comparative Essay: Mark Antony and Marcus Brutus. surrounding and including the death of Julius Caesar. Mark Antony is his trusted friend and supporter. Another friend of Caesar, but much less of phd research a supporter, is Marcus Brutus , who is a leader of the conspiracy against Caesar. Ruy Blas Hugo? While Antony and Brutus are both friends of Caesar, other character traits including.
Mark Antony #9;The character of Mark Antony from Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar may be viewed as simply the confident and devoted supporter of Julius Caesar. On the contrary, Antony presents the qualities of a shrewd flatterer, a ruthless tyrant, as well as a loyal follower. Antony's characteristics. Brutus as a tragic hero In the play Julius Caesar, William Shakespeare portrays Marcus Brutus as a dramatic character and develops him into a tragic hero. Phd Research Proposal Finance? “Shakespeare’s tragedies often feature the death of the titular character at the play’s end” (Julius Caesar 1). Maurice Charney sees Brutus as. ANTONY Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. The evil that men do lives after them; The good is to kill a mockingbird racial oft interred with their bones; So let it be with Caesar. The noble Brutus Hath told you Caesar was ambitious: If it were so, it was a grievous fault. Caesar by finance Shakespeare, the main character Brutus made several errors in judgment. His many aberrations led to his own death. The first and most basic fault by Brutus was allowing himself to become involved with the conspirators.
The second was allowing Mark Antony to live and then permitting him to speak. March 15, 44 BCE, Caesar was assassinated by the senators in the portico of the resume ruy blas hugo basilica of Pompey the phd research Great. Among the assassins were Marcus Junius Brutus , Caesar’s second choice as heir, and Gaius Cassius Longinus, along with many others (some ancient sources cite as many as sixty assassins). Caesar. Manipulation ? Letters believed to be from Roman citizens to Brutus ? Written by Cassius ? Persuade Brutus to help redress Rome • “O Rome, I make thee promise, if the redress will follow, thou receivest thy full petition at the hand of Brutus .” (56-58) ? Flattery • “No man here but honors you… wish. Conflicting Perspectives Julius Ceasar. presents his perspective as possessing a greater moral weight. A Mockingbird Injustice? The reader is further convinced by the dialogue between Brutus and Cassius that Caesar is indeed a tyrant. As Cassius sways Brutus , “We both have fed as well, and we can bothEndure the proposal winter’s cold as well as he”, the resume ruy blas hugo divisive language between. assassination. Phd Research Finance? Brutus thinks that if he assassinates Julius Caesar he will be doing what was best for Rome.
In this play, Brutus is often referred to as the tragic hero. According to Aristotle, a tragic hero must be noble, demonstrate hubris, demonstrates hamartia, and experiences an epiphany. Do My Assignment Me Uk? Brutus fits Aristotle’s. William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar - Mark Antony Proves to Be the Most Skilful Politician in phd research proposal finance the Play. Do You Agree? William Shakepeare's Julius Caesar Mark Antony proves to academic goals essay, be the most skilful politician in the play.
Do you agree? Power is the finance ability to influence the behaviour of dissertation others - whether this is achieved with or without resistance, for good or for bad. Some would go as far as to say that all human. People Places Things of Ancient Rome. Great for his accomplishments. Gaius Gracchus: Roman politician of the 2nd century. Killed by Optimates.Younger brother of Tiberius. Marcus Brutus : Roman Senator of the late Roman republic. Took the leading roll in assassinating Caesar. Proposal Finance? Hannibal: Carthaginian military commander. One of the.
Justification of Julus Caesar's Assassination. Brutus’s and Antony’s. At Caesar’s funeral, Brutus tries to convince the people of Rome that the assassination of Caesar was the best thing to do. He justifies conspiring against Caesar by academic goals essay stating that Caesar's ambition would have hurt Rome. Brutus seeks to explain why he conspired against Caesar. William Shakespeare revolves around the assassination of Caesar and the ensuing civil war.
Two important characters for triggering these events were Brutus and Caesar. These two characters can be considered polar opposites, a clash between an idealist and a realist. Both have different characteristics. Marcus Brutus for one reason: to justify the murder of Julius Caesar. However after allowing Mark Antony to finance, not only bring in the corpse of dissertation their beloved Caesar yet also speak after Brutus during the funeral, it would seem that Brutus ’ role in phd research proposal the murder was pointless. Both Brutus and Antony delivered. Script Cast: Shaina- Tony ( Mark Antony ) Allison- Cassandra (Caius Cassius) Damian- Juliet (Julius Caesar) Carson- Calvin (Calphurnia)/ Narrator Extras: Isabella Biascan- Creepy-Emo-Chick named Stacey (Soothsayer)/Extra 1 Carl Tierra- Beatrice/Berea ‘B’ (Marcus Brutus ) Scene summaries: Act I. Mark Antony's Use of Rhetorical Appeals.
transform people’s thoughts and ideas. This practice has dated back to phd dissertation, ancient times to Mark Antony at the funeral of his friend and mentor, Julius Caesar. In William Shakespeare’s Tragedy of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony establishes himself to his audience, the plebeians, with Ethos then uses Pathos to pull. Role of Women in Calpurnia and Portia. his health and well being are first and foremost in her mind. Proposal? Portia is also placing Brutus at do my assignment the front of her mind, but in a very different manner. She chooses to give blind support to whatever cause Brutus is involved in. There is the great scene where she kneels in finance front of him and gives herself. Augustus and hugo, the Rise of the Roman Empire.
river Tiber in phd research proposal finance the Italian peninsular, the rulership of the city was dominated by kings until “freedom and the consulship [was] established by Lucius Brutus ” This newly founded city state expanded, controlling the rest of the peninsular, then came into conflict with other civilizations in the Mediterranean. assassinated this morning under the statue of Pompey, by resume hugo his beloved friend Brutus and his gang. After the assassination, Brutus had set a speech in the Forum, where crowds were demanding satisfaction over the murder of proposal Caesar. Brutus had started off his speech by making citizens to be patient and to assignment me uk, contain. Marc Antony In The Tragedy of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, Marc Antony was the only true powerful man to survive. Throughout the play many people gain power and finance, lose power. The characters make some wise and some reckless choices on how they used that supremacy, which only leads to me uk, more power. Brutus's wife Portia, when no one was around, “swallowed fire” and killed herself (Shakespeare 61). Putting coals in phd research proposal finance her mouth and killing herself caused Brutus to a mockingbird racial injustice essay, grieve on proposal finance, the inside even more than he already had been.
In addition to losing his comrade, he also lost the one person in his life who was supposed. conspirators killed Caesar for being ambitious. One of the conspirators, Brutus said “It must be by his death. And for my part/ I know no personal cause to spurn at him,/ But for the general”(2.1.10-12). This is goals essay saying that Brutus is proposal finance convinced that Caesar must die, even though he has no reason to kill. lucky as all the other heroes and resume hugo, fell for the traps of phd research finance others.
Mark Antony , Caesar’s right hand man, was a dishonorable and butcher who seeks for revenge, had revealed his true self after Caesar’s death. In contrast, Marcus Brutus , the problem tragic hero in this play was a very noble sacrificer, who lost. would take their own lives if they did not have a male leader to tell them what to do. The author, William Shakespeare, uses the wives of Caesar and phd research, Brutus to show how they do not have their own voice. Calphurnia tells Caesar to simon christ essay, stay home because she has a bad dream about Caesar and finance, does not want. The Tragedy of the Play Julius Caesar.
Julius Caesar, the tragedy of the christ like figure play was directed mainly at a one specific character, Marcus Brutus . Brutus was the tragic hero of the play, because of his idealistic and pragmatic qualities. The mindset that Brutus possessed only allowed him to see the world and phd research, its people from one point of view. This point. Mark Antony did all he could to avenge Caesar’s death. Ruy Blas? He resorted to desperate measures sometimes in order to stay loyal to Caesar following his assassination. So in Act ((( it’s understood from Mark Antony’s speeches that he truly loved Caesar and would do anything for him even after his death. . Leadership in Literature and proposal, the Modern World. median for personal gain is present in the tragedy of Julius Caesar. During one of his speeches, Brutus tries to explain his motive for academic essay, the assassination of Caesar: “If then that friend demanded why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my answer: Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more…Had.
BRUTUS Be patient till the last. Romans, countrymen, and lovers! hear me for phd research, my cause, and be silent, that you may hear: believe me for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may believe: censure me in your wisdom, and awake your senses, that you may the academic goals essay writing better judge. Phd Research Finance? If there. Conflicting Perspectives, Julius Caesar + 2 Related. compares Caesar to a contextually relevant satanic creature to a religious audience, underlining his potential abuse of power. In the forum scene, Brutus extols the virtues of academic goals essay writing Caesar’s demise, “Had you rather Caesar were living and phd research proposal finance, die all slaves, then that Caesar were dead, to live all freemen?” The. The Fall of a Tragic Hero: Marcus Brutus. The Fall of a Tragic Hero: Marcus Brutus William Shakespeare is the master of tragedy. The universes in which his heroes live are never perfect: justice doesn’t always win, and to kill injustice, people never simply get the answers to their questions. There is phd research always somebody who gets hurt, the tragic hero, who’s downfall.
Who Is the More Effective Speaker, Brutus or Mark Anthony? Who Is the More Effective Politician? was the first speech the injustice two men had to phd research proposal, prove to their part of the story. Brutus , supporting his act in the murder of Caesar and resume hugo, Mark Antony , who was against the fact that it was good for proposal, Caesar to die and gradually blaming Brutus for what wrong he had committed. Problem? Both men were good friends of phd research proposal Caesar. With his skillful wordplay; Antony appeals to the crowd's easily shifting allegiances, lust for wealth, and a mockingbird racial injustice, sense of honor, eventually pushing them to finance, fight the conspirators. Brutally murdering Brutus ' claims of Caesar's ambition within the opening lines of his speech, Antony annihilates the noble's reputation. Compare and Contrast the Funeral Speeches of phd dissertation problem statement Brutus and Mark Antony. Which Is More Effective and Why?
Compare and phd research proposal, contrast the dissertation funeral speeches of Brutus and Mark Antony . Which is more effective and why? When Brutus goes up to speak to the crowd he appeals to them as “Romans” before all else. As this keeps with his reason for joining the conspiracy the audience can see that he is honourable and trustworthy. “Well Brutus you are noble, but I can tell that honorable qualities can be given in a new direction.” – Cassius. Phd Research Proposal? This quote spoken by Cassius shows his need to get Brutus to be part of the conspirators. This quote also reveals that many people adore Brutus and that he is a honorable man. The play “Julius. some significant decisions. Goals Writing? The protagonist of the play, Marcus Brutus , supports this thought by having an idealistic view on the world and by showing his patriotism toward Rome. In William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, Shakespeare uses Brutus as an proposal honorable, idealistic man in goals essay writing order to show the depth that. Brutus’s speech and Antony’s speech Brutus and the others came to Julius Caesar’s home and told him that his will be crowned ahead of time.
Caesar trusted them, because Brutus was one of proposal finance them who came and gave him this news. So Caesar went to the Senate. When Caesar arrived the simon figure essay Senate, Metellus found. Mark Antony It is finance human nature to phd dissertation, change one's personality to fit the proposal finance situation. People behave differently when speaking to a dignitary that when talking to a friend. Ruy Blas Hugo? Over time one can change due to a loss or gain of power, sometimes for phd research proposal finance, the better or worse. Simon Figure Essay? In Julius Caesar, for example, Mark. A Strong Liaison Sportd by Brutus.
Although Brutus sported a strong liaison with Caesar, he presented a more fervent and praiseworthy association with Rome and its people. In the early portions of the play, Brutus tells Cassius, “What means this shouting? I do fear the people do choose Caesar for their king…yet I love him well” (A.I. The Idea of Conflicting Perspectives. a conflict of perspectives between Brutus and Marc Antony . Brutus believes the assassination of Julius Caesar that he took part in was merely a patriotic act, as the finance conspirators believed Caesar to be a threat to Rome due to his ambition. Goals Essay? Contrastingly, Marc Antony believed Caesar was god-like and not. The Empire of Deceit In the play Julius Caesar, written by the playwright William Shakespeare, the characters Brutus and Mark Antony each recite a speech in the market place after Caesar’s death.
These speeches, exemplifying parallelism, verbal irony, and witty use rhetoric, expose the true intensions. confident 4. Burtus has been in conflict with himself (m vs . h); fears JC will have too much power. B loves JC, but he loves rome more. Finance? 5. Cassius tries to convince B that they are no less a man than JC. A1 S2 6. To Kill Injustice? JC has epilepsy 7. Antony offers Caesar crown three times but he refuses it. Every. conspirators killed Caesar for being ambitious. One of the conspirators, Brutus said “It must be by his death. And for my part/ I know no personal cause to spurn at him,/ But for the general”(2.1.10-12). This is saying that Brutus is convinced that Caesar must die, even though he has no reason to kill.
Julius Caesar- Brutus Cassius: Who Is the better leader? In William Shakespeare?s Julius Caesar, Brutus and Cassius are very influential characters. Each character makes many mistakes with the assassination plans and the strategies at Philippi. Each man has his reasons for their mistakes, if it is phd research proposal finance either their idealism, being uncompassionate or not, fully. Brutus' Motivation in Julius Caesar. regarding someone’s life, it is simon figure essay of the proposal finance utmost importance that it be thought out carefully and examined intricately. In Shakespeare’s tragedy Julius Caesar, Brutus is cleverly tricked into joining the conspirators in resume a plot to assassinate Caesar. However, he rationalizes his position by phd research proposal telling himself it’s for. continued to rule Rome until about 509 B.C. Hegel Planets? It was at this time that the last of the Roman king, Tarquin the proposal Proud, was overthrown by Lucius Junius Brutus . After that, the Roman Republic was born. The Roman Republic was based off of magistrates that were annually elected by the people.
These people. Julius Caesar - Character Analysis. Marc Antony was a very intelligent, loyal, persuasive leader in christ essay the story of Julius Caesar. He is among the intelligent characters in the play. Antony shows his great intelligence in the scene where he discovers Caesar’s bloody dead body on the floor. Phd Research Proposal? “I doubt not of your wisdom. Let each man render. Marcus Brutus : An Honorable Man? Could a murderer ever be considered “honorable”?
Or would their reputation be tarnished forever by that one act? In the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, Marcus Brutus is considered one of the most “honorable” men in Rome. When asked by Caius Cassius to join. William Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar; the character Marcus Brutus fits the definition of a tragic hero. He was respected throughout this story by all of the people in Rome. Brutus was a noble man, more noble than evil.
Marcus Brutus is academic goals essay a tragic hero because, though he has great nobility and is very. Honors English II/5 Clem 11/10/08 Brutus vs . Cassius In William Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar, two characters show dramatic characteristics throughout the play. Brutus and Cassius are two characters who are reflective in many ways. Phd Research Proposal Finance? Both of these characters relate to each other. The Figurative Language Used by Shakespeare in His Writings. Scene ii, Cassius speaks of a “swimming” story. The point of Cassius telling Brutus this story is to essay, ridicule Caesar. Cassius ridicules Caesar for almost drowning.
By telling this story, Cassius is phd research proposal finance trying to do my assignment, make Brutus feel the same way that he does. This story shows how much hate Cassius really. writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion. In William Shakespeare's very famous play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar Marcus Brutus and Marck Antony , both Roman Senators at the time; give a speech at Julius Caesar's funeral. Both speakers introduce themselves to phd research, the crowd in their own unique. thought he was an ambitious man, ambitious enough to be a “threat” in the future. He was killed by resume ruy blas hugo the hands of political rivals, among them was his friend Brutus . However, one of his men, Mark Anthony, gives proof, through speech, that Caesar was an innocent man. In fact, his speech compared to Brutus’s was more persuasive in a way that he uses repetition.
Section A --Reading: 20 marks (Question 1-4) In the existing scheme of the question paper Students answer questions based on four unseen passages carrying five marks each –all the questions are MCQs. The change proposed is that students be given two passages (carrying 5+5 marks ) out of four which are. Marcus Junius Brutus was the son of Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder and Servilia Caepionis. His father was killed by proposal Pompey the Great in dubious circumstances after he had taken part in the rebellion of Lepidus; his mother was the phd dissertation problem half-sister of Cato the Younger, and later became Julius Caesar's mistress. Julius Caesar. Octavius also finishes the play with Brutus ’ body in his ‘tent his boned to-night shall lie.’ This also shows the character of finance transition of power and planets, links to the change of power Shakespeare showed from the conspirators to finance, Mark Antony , who had control of Caesar’s body during the hegel dissertation funeral. senators. Led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Brutus , they stabbed Julius Caesar to proposal, death in phd dissertation statement a location adjacent to the Theatre of Pompey on phd research proposal, the Ides of problem March. As a result a few days later the roman people had funeral for Caesar. This where Brutus gave his speech to try to phd research, convince the the roman. Antony opens Julius Caesar as something of a wild child, during the feast of Lupercal.
He is clearly a favorite of Caesar, as he is asked to touch Julia, the wife of Caesar, so that she might conceive. While the conspirators realize he is to kill a mockingbird essay a man of importance to Caesar, they underestimate him, and. Mark Antony's speech at the funeral of Julius Caesar gave off a tone of respect and appreciation toward Brutus through use of his specific diction. However, the phd research finance tone is sarcastic and suggestive. Academic Goals Essay Writing? Antony makes reference several times to Brutus being an honorable man.
After repetition, the finance word honorable.