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Ap Psychology Free Response Answers Essays and Research Papers. AP Psychology Free Response Questions Directions: Read each of the following questions and . answer any two. Please make sure that you address each component of the questions you choose and be sure to night book, answer the questions in complete sentences. Discussion Ielts! It is recommended that you time yourself, each question should be completed in 25 minutes. If you were unable to finish the essay in 25 minutes, please continue on and complete your response . Your answers should be typed, single spaced in font size 12. Night Book Essay! The. Intelligence quotient , Mean , Median 570 Words | 3 Pages.

AP Psychology Free Response Questions Sample The following questions are samples of the . Essay Check! free response questions from past AP Psychology exams. The free response sections are worth 33 1/3 percent of the total grade. Night Book! Students have 50 minutes to answer two questions. The key to successfully answering these questions is to: completely define the terms using appropriate psychological terminology and mri thesis, then critically apply each term. Many students concentrate their efforts on the multiple-choice. Night Summary! Free response , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 1439 Words | 6 Pages. AP ® BIOLOGY 2009 SCORING GUIDELINES (Form B) Question 3 Water is essential to all living things. (a) Discuss THREE properties of water. . (b) Explain each of the following in terms of the properties of water. Spanish Grammar! You are not limited to the three properties discussed in part (a): • • • the role of water as a medium for the metabolic processes of cells the summary, ability of water to moderate temperature within living organisms and in organisms’ environments the essay good and evil good and bad, movement of water from the roots to.

Copyright , Covalent bond , Energy 1076 Words | 10 Pages. AP Psychology Midterm Study Guide #1 Unit 1: Psychology's History and Approaches 1.Definition of Psychology ? . Disciplines it is rooted in? Psychology is the science of behavior and mental process; it seeks to answer how and why we think, feel, act as we do. Psychology is rooted in philosophy and biology. 2.What is the difference between nativism and empiricism? Which ancient philosophers/early psychologist were nativist? which were empiricist?

Nativism is the argument that all our skills. Brain , Cerebrum , Genetics 1380 Words | 6 Pages. marriage. The arguments that he brings up are not about why she should marry him, but rather about why he should marry her instead. It is night book summary as if the . receiver, the lady in question, asked Mr. Collins to essay and evil good and bad, marry her first and he is writing a response to night book summary essay, the request. Also phrases such as, “and for your own, let her be an active, useful sort of person, not brought up high, but able to essay good and evil good and bad, make a small income go a good way,” reveal that Mr. Collins thinks women are men’s subordinates when it. Age at first marriage , Charles Dickens , Engagement 671 Words | 4 Pages.

Psychology as a Science/Free Will Determinism. “ Psychology as a Science” “ Free Will and Determinism” (Applied to book summary, Pro and Anti Social Behaviour) This essay will look to food, . analyse and evaluate two of the major debates in psychology . Book Summary! In the first half of the essay the question ‘Is psychology a science?’ will be discussed and arguments for and against will be looked at. In the second part of the essay the debate ‘ Free Will versus Determinism’ will be discussed and applied to Pro and Anti Social Behaviour. Psychology , according to Gross (2009:4). Causality , Determinism , Free will 2659 Words | 7 Pages. 2005 AP PSYCHOLOGY FREE - RESPONSE Psychologists research for further knowledge, but sometimes . Difference Argument Discussion Essay! there are controversial issues for night book summary one another. First, children??s acquisition of language is an essay, innate mechanism that enables a child to analyze language and extract the basic rules of grammar, granted by Chomsky. It basically states that humans are born with a language acquisition device that, the ability to learn a language rapidly as children.

However, there is one important controversy in night summary essay, language. Applied behavior analysis , Behavior , Behaviorism 617 Words | 2 Pages. |Wundt |“Father of Psychology ”; introspection/ Structuralism . | |Wertheimer |Gestalt psychology | |Titchner |Structuralism | |James . Sythesis Of Drugs! Clinical psychology , Cognition , Cognitive behavioral therapy 1164 Words | 7 Pages. ?FRQ Practice #2 AP Psychology 2013-2014 1. In response to essay, declining reading scores in local schools, John . wrote an editorial suggesting that schools need to increase interest in reading books by providing students with incentives. Based on cafeteria food research showing a relation between use of incentives and student reading, he recommended providing a free Starbucks gift card for every ten books a student reads. Night Summary Essay! A. First Good And Bad! Explain how each of the following psychological concepts could be used to refute John's. Book Summary Essay! Albert Bandura , Educational psychology , Learning 734 Words | 4 Pages. Free-Response Questions from Past Ap Exams. Free - Response Questions from Past AP Exams 1999: 1. Is Congress effective in difference discussion, exercising legislative oversight . of the federal bureaucracy? Support your answer by doing ONE of the book summary essay, following: a. Explain two specific methods Congress uses to exercise effective oversight of the federal bureaucracy.

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Conditional probability , Event , Male 585 Words | 3 Pages. physiological arousal and cognitive interpretation and behavioral expression also has subjective learning The neuroscience of emotion People who suffer . from phobias such as snakes their responses are usually irrational There are two response system one is the fast response system and the other one is quick response system A person may learn to fear dogs after bitten but the emotional memory may be a little difficult to figure out the real problem Both of these systems interact Intuition is night essay the. Abraham Maslow , Appraisal theory , Behavior 716 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Different schools of psychology Structuralism- the first school of thought headed by police in marathi Wilhelm Wundt, a German, and later by summary E.B. Titchener . started in 1879 when experimental psychology was gaining more incentive. Essay! The structuralists, as they called themselves, thought of psychology as the study of conscious experience. Night Book Essay! They started components experience.

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Brain , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1012 Words | 3 Pages. AP ® United States History 2010 Free - Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit . membership association whose mission is to spanish essay check, connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the College Board is composed of more than 5,700 schools, colleges, universities and other educational organizations. Each year, the night summary, College Board serves seven million students and essay good good and bad, their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,800 colleges through major programs and services in. Advanced Placement , American Civil War , College Board 1873 Words | 6 Pages. Response Paper of Psychology: Attraction. Response Paper 2 Migle Rakauskaite Julija Gaiduk PSY 122 Introduction to essay, Psychology 2012-12-11 . Attraction Have you ever though why do we tend to like others more or what is the real reason why we have chosen particular person to first essay good, love or be friends with? According to our book the answer is book summary essay all about sythesis of drugs attraction. Attraction could be defined like the combination of other smaller details, like physical attractiveness, similarity. Exposure effect , Human physical appearance , Interpersonal attraction 1186 Words | 3 Pages. AP ® HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 2011 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 Industrial location models are used to explain geographic patterns of economic . activity.

The maps above show automobile factories built before and summary essay, after 1986 in the United States. Part A (2 points) Identify TWO changes in mri thesis topics, the geography of automobile factory construction shown by the maps. 1. Essay! International-based change in between discussion ielts, the geography of plant construction a. Night Book Summary! Increase in the number/investment of foreign-owned automobile plants OR b. Increase. Automobile , Education in the United States , Mississippi River 1214 Words | 5 Pages. Spanish! ? Psychology Chapter One Psychology started as a speculation and has evolved into night summary essay, science over years. . It was born as an . independent discipline. The discovery began in 1870 by a small number of scholars. The founders are disciplines of philosophy and physiology which share an interest in the mysteries of the mind. In 1832- 1920 Wilhelm Wundt changed the view, he created the first laboratory in 1879 in Leipzig Germany.

He mounted a campaign to make psychology and sythesis of drugs, independent discipline rather. Behavior , Behaviorism , Clinical psychology 979 Words | 3 Pages. ap 2012 calculus bc free response questions. AP ® Calculus BC 2012 Free - Response Questions About the College Board The College Board is a mission-driven . not-for-profit organization that connects students to book summary essay, college success and argument discussion essay, opportunity. Founded in book summary, 1900, the first good, College Board was created to expand access to higher education. Today, the membership association is made up of more than 5,900 of the world’s leading educational institutions and is dedicated to night book summary essay, promoting excellence and equity in education. Each year, the police, College Board helps more than. Calculus , Continuous function , Derivative 1394 Words | 7 Pages. History of Psychology The word psychology comes from two Greek words: Psych and Logos. It was in the 18th century when . psychology gained its literal meaning: the study of book summary, behavior.

Today, psychology is defined as the scientific and of drugs, systematic study of human and book essay, animal behavior. The term psychology has a long history (Feldman). Psychology started within the spanish grammar check, fields of philosophy and physiology. But thanks to a German man named, Wilhelm Wundt, psychology became an independent field of its own. Wilhelm. Book Summary! Abraham Maslow , Behavior , Behaviorism 703 Words | 3 Pages. D. Psychodynamic Answer Key: D Question 2 of 10 0.0/ 2.0 Points Researchers are studying the effects of nicotine on driving. Mri Thesis! The . participants are divided into two groups. One group is provided with nicotine cigarettes and the other with fake cigarettes that taste and smell like real cigarettes but do not contain nicotine. The fake cigarettes are an example of a(n) A. Dependent variable B. Book Essay! Placebo C. Spanish Grammar! Random assignment D. Essay! Experimental group Answer Key: B Question 3 of. Behavior , Clinical psychology , Psychoanalysis 591 Words | 5 Pages. ?Sean Vondrak Dr.

Volonnino AP US Government Politics (B-Block) 31 March 2014 Free Response 1) The . First Essay Good And Bad! federal bureaucracy as part of the executive branch exercises substantial independence in implementing governmental policies and programs. Most workers in the federal bureaucracy are civil-service employees who are organized under a merit system. (a) Describe one key characteristic of the merit system. The key characteristic of the merit system is its allowance for appointments and promotions. Bureaucracy , Democracy , Executive 807 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the reasons for the development of psychology as an academic discipline in essay, the 19th and 20th centuries, making explicit the important . turning points and breakthroughs. In this essay I am looking at where Psychology as a discipline has come from and argument discussion, what affects these early ideas have had on night summary essay psychology today, Psychology as a whole has stemmed from spanish grammar check, a number of different areas of study from Physics to Biology, But the first Psychological foundations are rooted in philosophy, which to book essay, this. Abraham Maslow , Clinical psychology , Cognition 1409 Words | 5 Pages. Sythesis! AP Exam Essays 2001-2010 2010 AP Exam Essays 1. In what ways did ideas and values held by book Puritans influence the . political, economic, and police, social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s?

2. Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period 1775–1783. 3. Analyze the book essay, ways in sythesis of drugs, which controversy over night essay the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the. American Civil War , American Revolution , Cold War 1649 Words | 5 Pages. solve this problem: some appropriate DCF approach, and the Black-Scholes approach. You may find it helpful to consult the Appendix, which explains how these . figures were prepared. (Suppose the appropriate discount rate for risky cash flows is 12%. Risk- free rate, for discounting safer cash flows, is at 6%.) The central stone of Arundel partners’ project is to difference discussion essay ielts, establish a correct price for night the whole rights portfolio. To do this two methods are presented: a) calculating the hypothetical sequel performances. Film , Investment , Mathematical finance 1477 Words | 6 Pages. Short- Answer Responses 1. Based on your readings from Ch. 3 of the of drugs, textbook and your personal experience, would you say that pop . culture affects individuality?

If so, how? Pop culture absolutely affects individuality. It permeates our society to where it shapes the actions and summary essay, behaviors of whole communities. We are products of our environment for pop culture subversively guides our decisions, our morals, and influences heavily what we like and dislike. In reading the steps to starting to realize. Spanish Essay Grammar Check! Culture , Human behavior , Individual 1149 Words | 4 Pages. 2008 Psych FRQ 1. A) • One of the findings from Ainsworth’s attachment research was that children’s responses can fall into night book summary essay, . Spanish Grammar! two categories: secure or insecure attachment. Essay! Securely attached children felt close to their mothers, safe, and more willing to explore or tolerate a novel experience, while insecurely attached children were more likely to react to the situation either with anxiety and ambivalence or with avoidance. Sythesis Of Drugs! • One of the findings from night essay, Baumrind’s research. Attachment theory , Childhood , Developmental psychology 851 Words | 3 Pages.

action. This restores balance. This concept is wrong because Danielle makes her decision based off of herself a human being wanting to go to the more secure . and safe person, which is instinct. The imbalance was not a part of this question. Police Essay In Marathi! Correct answer is book essay C, Instinct. 5. Juan is obsessed with building up his bank balance, even though he is healthier cafeteria food quite comfortable and prosperous now. One situation exemplifies the power of Concept tested: Theory’s of motivation Page 402/403 bottom right: Secondary.

Acetylcholine , Autonomic nervous system , Maslow's hierarchy of essay, needs 1034 Words | 4 Pages. Studies College of police, Legal studies BA.,LLB(Hons.) Semester III Academic YEAR: 2014 -15 SESSION: July-December Assignment For PSYCHOLOGY . Under the Supervision of PRIYANKA SHARMA Name: _______________________ Sap No: _______________________ Roll No ------------------------------------- Major Schools Of Thought In Psychology And Their Contributions When psychology was first established as a science separate from biology and philosophy, the debate over night book summary essay how to mri thesis, describe and explain the. Night Book Essay! Behaviorism , Edward B. Titchener , Human behavior 1988 Words | 8 Pages. Spanish Essay Grammar Check! ? PSYCHOLOGY Psychology is derived from the Greek words Psyche and logos, meaning soul and study. To Greeks, . Psychology is simply a study of the soul. Night Essay! Psychology as the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. Nietzsche First Essay Good Good And Bad! Scientific because it uses the steps in a scientific method in its quest to understand why a person behaves in night book summary, a certain manner. It is systematic and empirical and sythesis of drugs, it is dependent upon measurements. Book Summary! Psychologists - study human issues that begin before birth and essay grammar, continue.

Behavior , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1555 Words | 5 Pages. Chapter 1 Notes 1) Four big ideas in psychology : a. Critical thinking is smart thinking b. Behavior is a bio psychosocial . event c. We operate with a two-track mind (Dual processing) d. Psychology explores human strengths as well as challenges 2) Why do psychology ? e. The limits of intuition and common sense i. Enough to night book summary, bring forth answers regarding human nature. ii. Spanish Grammar Check! May aid queries, but are not free of error. iii. Hindsight Bias. Behavior , Behaviorism , Clinical psychology 1679 Words | 7 Pages. “ Psychology has given the book summary, world little cause for amazement” Sinead Clarke Word Count: 1,769 “ Psychology has given the world . little cause for amazement” In 1843, John Stuart Mill published “System of Logic Ratiocinative and Inductive, Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and the Methods of Scientific Investigation” (A System of Logic) in which he declared “ psychology should leave the realm of speculation and philosophy and essay, become a science of observation and experiment.” Commencing. Archives of the night book summary essay, History of American Psychology , Behavior , Behaviorism 2026 Words | 6 Pages. Check! Free Response and Thesis Development. ?Highlight the night book summary essay, actual essay topic found in each prompt that you will be responding to.

Below each topic, do a free write as if you are . Spanish Grammar Check! creating a journal entry and type at night book summary essay least 150 words on each topic. Then write a thesis statement for the topic using the correct format. Write the thesis in bold so that I can tell it from the police essay in marathi, free write response . Complete each assignment even if you have already written an book, essay on the topic. 1. Some say that the journey is more important than the destination. Mri Thesis Topics! Debut albums , English-language films , Idea 850 Words | 3 Pages. Book Essay! Karly Coppola 7/5/13 Psychology The Five Parts of Psychology When you hear the word psychology , what comes to nietzsche first essay good and evil and bad, . mind? While psychology is essay a popular subject, a lot of people are not aware of the many different elements of this broad and fascinating subject.

It’s best to learn about the early history of psychology , the official beginning of psychology and more about police essay psychology today. Summary Essay! Generally, there are five different approaches to the subject of psychology . The five different parts are; Cognitive. Behavior , Brain , Cognitive psychology 1511 Words | 5 Pages. Bodily Responses to Stress Psychology as. M (Sympathetic Adreno-medullary Pathway) This is the acute (immediate) response to stress (it uses electrical signals). Higher brain areas . (Cortex) detect and perceive something as a stressor, triggering the of drugs, Hypothalamus, which in turn activates the Sympathetic branch of the Autonomic nervous system, stimulating the summary, Adrenal Medulla, producing two hormones, Adrenaline and Noradrenaline, which cause the Fight or Flight response , which causes bodily changes and argument discussion essay, has evolved for survival. Bodily changes. Antibody , Blood , Immune system 1428 Words | 4 Pages. come and he knew it was going to be worse than usual.

Dave endured this abuse for years but finally one day he was saved by night book summary essay a police officer and was told he . would never have to set foot in that home again. He was finally free . Essay! As this book ties in with the aspects of psychology , Dave Pelzer did not have any mental disorder, or anything causing his brain not to function the night summary, correct way. He was a victim of child abuse for police essay many years. Not only did he have to go through all of the physical pain that. Child abuse , Suffering 1029 Words | 3 Pages. level of autonomic nervous system arousal may contribute to A) post-traumatic stress disorder. B) phobias. C) antisocial personality disorder. D) . Night Summary! dissociative disorders. Spanish Grammar Check! E) generalized anxiety disorder. ____ ____ ____ ____ Page 1 AP Psychology C14 Practice Test ____ 6. The symptoms of night summary essay, ________ are likely to appear at an earlier age than the symptoms of ________. A) antisocial personality; schizophrenia B) major depression; bipolar disorder C) obsessive-compulsive disorder;.

Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy 2795 Words | 10 Pages. AP Psychology Fall Term Project Introduction I am more interested in the abstract and philosophical aspects rather than the . more concrete biological aspects of psychology . The topic that interested me the most so far this year and the topic that I continued to research was the topic of morality. Mri Thesis! I didn’t have a specific question I wanted to address but as I read some articles about people who were institutionalized for violently expressing psychopathic personality traits, I came across an. Summary Essay! Antisocial personality disorder , Conduct disorder , Hare Psychopathy Checklist 1027 Words | 3 Pages. Psychology Unit 1: Introduction to Psychology Area of first essay good good, Study 1: What is Psychology ? Chapter 1: The Nature of . Psychology Defining Psychology 1. Centuries ago Psychology was defined as the study of the mind; however this definition has since been updated. What is the current widely accepted definition? Psychology is the study of mental processes and observable behaviours. Night Book! 2. Who are the main subject matter of Psychology and what does the field focus on? Humans are the subject matter. Nietzsche Good Good And Bad! Applied psychology , Clinical psychology , Experiment 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Origins Psychology : The science of behavior and mental processes.

Philosophical Origins of Psychology : India- Buddha pondered . how sensations can perceptions combine to form ideas. Book Essay! China- Confucius stressed powers of ideas and of an nietzsche and evil good and bad, educated mind. Ancient Israel- Hebrew Scriptures anticipated today’s psychology by linking mind and summary essay, emotion to the body. Socrates and Aristotle in Greece. Mri Thesis! Important Contributors Freud: Independent approach to the study of the mind called psychoanalysis Watson.

Behaviorism , Classical conditioning , Extinction 1035 Words | 4 Pages. AP Test Prep Chapter 13 1) The only book, indigenous aspect of Japanese culture during the Heian era was (A) The imperial administration . Between Argument Discussion Essay Ielts! (B) Written characters (C) Shinto (D) Court etiquette and protocol Answer : C Cite: The answer is located on page 291 under the heading “Japan: The imperial age” the passage states “Indigenous cultural influences, possibly those linked to Shinto views…” 2) The group which most directly challenged Chinese influences. Buddhism , China , Chinese character 656 Words | 3 Pages. is Free Will? Denise Dale What is Free Will? Free will is the driving force of human existence and summary, . individuality. It directs human actions, thoughts and desires. Free will is what distinguishes humankind from spanish grammar, all other creations of existence. Animals do not have free will. Plants and flowers do not have free will. Humans live their lives.

Out of all that there is of existence that depends on air for essay life, only humans truly have free will. As per healthier food the Merriam-Webster dictionary Free is. Choice , Free will , Human 2079 Words | 6 Pages. The Science of night book summary essay, Psychology Marty Allen PSY 300 August 8, 2010 Dr. Theresa Watts Examine the major underlying assumptions of the various . schools of thought in psychology . Edward Titchener initiated a school of essay grammar, thought called structuralism. He believed that experimentation was the best way for a science of psychology . He went further viewing the study of consciousness as something that was not scientific because sensations and night book essay, feelings could not be seeing by anyone except the person reporting.

Basal ganglia , Brain , Central nervous system 938 Words | 3 Pages. Developmental Psychology and spanish grammar, Correct Answer. Tut 201 Question 1 Feedback on Question 1 The correct answer is (3)-physical,psychosocial and cognitive domains. These domains are . Night Essay! described in the question: in the question's first sentence development in the physical domain includes maturation and growth of the sythesis, body and brain(p.10 amp; p. 426 of the prescribed book). Night Essay! In the second and third sentences in the example the psychosocial effects [ie psychological ( sense of self worth) and spanish essay grammar check, social (peer group interaction) of Janes early maturation. Blood sugar , Child development , Critical period 1861 Words | 6 Pages. Section One – 1 When psychology first began to become a science in 1860, it was more of a field of philosophy than an actual medical study. Essay! . It dealt with a more abstract concept than other medical fields; the human body is something concrete that you can physically look at and study whereas, at the time, you could not physically see the mind. In Ancient Greece thinkers such as Aristotle and Plato could only come up with theories as to how the grammar, mind works. Summary! Plato believed that some knowledge is. Anal stage , Behaviorism , Classical conditioning 1597 Words | 5 Pages. First And Evil Good And Bad! question of whether Psychology can be classed as a Science has been a topic of book, debate for many years, however to truly answer . this question it is topics first important to understand what the term ‘science’ actually means. Essay! According to Eysenk and Keane 1990, one of the essay good and evil and bad, fundamental principles of science is objectivity, which is ensured through the summary essay, use of highly controlled observations in order to verify or falsify a hypothesis.

This method is commonly used within the essay in marathi, field of psychology , particularly within. Epistemology , Experiment , Falsifiability 1036 Words | 4 Pages. Night Book Summary Essay! Is psychology a science? Discuss using evidence from the five approaches. To answer this question I feel it is important to . understand the mri thesis topics, definitions of book summary, psychology and science. I will start with definitions of the mri thesis topics, terms psychology and science and will briefly review the methods of psychology . I will outline the book summary, behaviourist approach, the psychoanalytical approach, the cognitive approach, the humanistic approach and the biological approach.

In order to confirm whether psychology can fulfil the. Abraham Maslow , Behaviorism , Cognitive psychology 2271 Words | 7 Pages. Topics! network that first comes to your rescue by accelerating you heart and tensing your muscles for action. Endocrine System: a slower acting communication . network that sends a follow up message that supports and sustains that support the emergency response initiated by the nervous system. They send these messages through chemical messengers known as hormones. The cooperation between the night essay, endocrine and nervous system is at the hypothalamus. The Neuron: The Building Block of the Nervous System The. Action potential , Axon , Brain 1741 Words | 6 Pages.

Test Questions with Answer for Psychology 101. B) temporary suppression C) learned helplessness D) passive aggressiveness Points Earned: | 0.0/4.0 | | Correct Answer (s): | A | 2. . The method of loci, peg-word system, substitute word system, and difference between argument essay, method of word association are all examples of _____. A) didectic memory B) mnemonic devices C) eidetic imagery D) a photographic memory Points Earned: | 0.0/4.0 | | Correct Answer (s): | B | 3. The frontal lobes are responsible for processing _____________. A) visual information B) auditory. Brain , Classical conditioning , Color 1087 Words | 7 Pages.

Dayanara Romero AP US History DBQ Essay After the war of night summary, 1812, there was an Era of Good Feeling. Cafeteria Essay! The Era of Good Feeling occurred when . James Monroe was President. The United States achieved nationalism after many things had happened. For example, the Louisiana Purchase which led to the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Which also as well as leading to the Westward Expansion of the US.

These were important events because it led for Lewis and Clark to also Encouraged Euro- to do fur trade in the West. American Civil War , Louisiana Purchase , Native Americans in the United States 753 Words | 3 Pages. the Revolution as a rule of night essay, moral principles and theologies that were to always be at the heart of the healthier, Revolution, and it was based heavily of the . philosophies of Enlightenment thinkers, particularly Locke. The declaration claimed that all men born free and essay, equal to each other in every way, with four natural rights; liberty, property, security and the resistance to oppression. It continued on to say the purpose of government is to sythesis of drugs, protect these rights. These points are almost exactly the same as those. Age of Enlightenment , Deism , French Revolution 832 Words | 3 Pages. experiments in social psychology drawing on the cognitive social perspective and one of the night book essay, other three perspectives in the module (discursive . psychological, phenomenological or social psychoanalytic).

This essay will provide a description of the experimental method for mri thesis topics both the cognitive social perspective and social psychoanalytic perspective. A compare and contrast will be given for the two perspectives in a critical evaluation as an approach to doing research in social psychology . The cognitive. Cognition , Psychoanalysis , Psychology 1430 Words | 5 Pages. Definitions of Psychology Psychology History Perspectives 1.“the science of mental life” (William James, 1890) 2. Essay! “the . study of human or animal behaviour” (Webster’s Dictionary, 1988) 3. Topics! “the scientific study of behavior and the mind” (Passer Smith, 2004) Roots of the Word psyche Greek for the “soul” Related Fields I. Philosophy Rene Descartes (1595-1650) •dualism (interactionism) • mind is nonphysical entity • mind and body are separate, distinct entities involved in. Behaviorism , Cognition , Consciousness 469 Words | 4 Pages.

shaping and successive approximation, it can teach kids how to put on their own clothes all by themselves. The Smith-Garcia’s are having a baby and summary essay, should . learn how to raise their child appropriately. Since both of the expectant parents took a psychology course, they should remember Skinner’s operant conditioning method, and police essay in marathi, should use this method on their child when he or she throws a tantrum. Night Book Summary! For example, if their child throws a tantrum because he wants his favorite candy bar, a parent should. Albert Bandura , Attachment theory , Educational psychology 962 Words | 3 Pages. Summary of Free Response Questions. Food Essay! WRITTEN SECTIONS OF AP WORLD HISTORY TEST In the book, free - response section of the AP World History Exam, . all students are asked to answer three constructed- response (essay) questions: Part A — An essay that requires comparison and analysis of up to ten “documents” which can include texts, pictures, graphs, maps, etc.—DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION (DBQ) Part B — An essay question that deals specifically with continuity and change over difference between argument discussion essay ielts time (covering at least one of the periods in the concept outline). Africa , China , Culture 271 Words | 2 Pages. Is diversity an obstacle to understanding in psychology? ?Critically discuss the night essay, claim that ‘The diversity of perspectives in psychology is an obstacle to understanding’ drawing on food material from at . Book Summary Essay! least two chapters of Book 2. Mri Thesis! Psychology is a multifaceted discipline utilising the varying approaches, methods and themes from many perspectives to night book, explore the mind and behaviour of humankind. Many perspectives, from the biological and objective to the psychoanalytical and totally subjective, serve to answer psychological questions with possible theories based on in marathi a range.

Attachment in adults , Attachment theory , Cognitive psychology 1678 Words | 4 Pages. Causality and Response Variable Changes. Night Book Essay! ? AP Statistics Name ____________________________________________ Chapter 4 Practice Test Part I - Multiple Choice 1. Difference Between Argument Discussion! Suppose that the . Night Summary! scatterplot of spanish essay check, (log x, log y) shows a strong positive correlation Which of the following must be true? I. The variables x and book summary essay, y also have a correlation close to 1. II. A scatterplot of (x, y) shows a strong nonlinear pattern. III. The residual plot of the variables x and nietzsche first essay and evil good and bad, y shows a random pattern. Night Book Essay! (a) I only (b) II only (c) III only (d) I and. Causality , Confounding , Correlation does not imply causation 909 Words | 6 Pages. happiness. The first is, whether or not higher income contributes to happiness. Second, I will examine unemployment and happiness.

Last, how politics affects . happiness. Of Drugs! Psychologists say yes, and that there are good reasons for doing so. Positive psychology is “the scientific study of the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive.” (PBS) These researchers’ work includes studying strengths, positive emotions, resilience, and happiness. Their argument is that only studying. Emotion , Eudaimonia , Feeling 931 Words | 3 Pages. Night Book Summary Essay! Summer 2012 Assignments: Due Thursday, September 6th.

Welcome to nietzsche first essay good and evil, AP . US History! The following is night a summer assignment to get you started for . the new school year. Part I: Textbook Assignment. (Use the textbook if you received it in June or download the PDF files or use the dropbox link) Part II: Free Response Question Essay Part I: Use your American Passages textbook if you have, or Download the pdf files titled “ AP US CH 1” and “ AP US Chapter 2 excerpts” Read. As you read, Outline the chapter. Essay , Following , Protestant Reformation 993 Words | 5 Pages. areas of psychology and nietzsche good good, these areas include Developmental psychology , Cognitive psychology , Behavioral . psychology , and essay, Social psychology . While in in marathi, this course I was able to learn not only about the areas of psychology , but also learned a lot about myself. Within this paper, I will explain each major area of psychology and I will also explain personality, how it is measured, and how it is summary used in psychology . I will also explain the importance of knowing the nervous system while learning psychology . I also.

Behavior , Behaviorism , Cognition 1066 Words | 3 Pages.

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How do the mental health service respond to the rising incidents of self harm among young people. The Oxford Medical Dictionary defines suicide as self-destruction that is performed as a deliberate act. Although it is strongly linked to self-harm , it is noteworthy that self-harm is night book summary essay, often not a suicide attempt, but actually a parasuicide -when self-harm is carried out for other reasons other than killing oneself. Deliberate self-harm refers to “a wide range of behaviours and intentions including attempted hanging, impulsive self-poisoning, and superficial self-cutting in response to intolerable tension” (Skegg, 2005). According to The National Institute of healthier essay Clinical Excellence (NICE), self-harm is an expression of night book summary essay personal distress, and is not in itself, and healthier food essay, illness. It is a situation in which a person inflicts harm on himself or herself in an attempt to end one’s life, relieve tension, escape anguish, change others’ behaviours, show desperation or cry for night essay, help (Hawton and James, 2005). Thus it ranges from behaviours with no suicidal intent through to of drugs, actual suicide.

However, is has been proposed that some successful suicides are actually self-harming episodes that go wrong. Suicide and night book essay, self-harm among teenagers usually occurs by means of self-cutting or self-poisoning. Other common examples include hitting or burning oneself, pulling hair or picking skins and self-strangulation. Generally, teenagers tend to use means that are readily available within their homes. Spanish Check! Self-poisoning accounts for approximately 90% of reported hospital cases -usually involving over-the-counter preparations such as paracetamol and aspirin, or psychotropic agents. Night Book Essay! Rarely, self-harm is carried out by more violent acts such as attempted hanging; in which case, it is generally associated with higher suicidal intent.

While previous self-harm is a major determining factor for future suicides, the reverse is obviously not the sythesis of drugs case. Possibly, a major difference between these two increasingly prevalent occurrences is book summary, complete hopelessness often associated with suicide victims. It is essay, widely believed that adolescents who commit suicides are products of broken homes, have history of family of self-psychiatric disorders or suicidal behaviour, substance misuse or have previously self-harmed. In self-harm, oftentimes the individual is merely crying for help in night book an extreme manner. This is fundamental to the rationale behind the extensive assessment recommended for all patients who have self-harmed.

Although these two conditions often overlap, differences have been highlighted between suicides and deliberate self-harm in terms of epidemiology and prevalence. While suicide rates increase with age, the cafeteria food essay majority of deliberate self-harm occur in people under 35 years of age. Essay! Gender variation has also been widely observed, with suicides being more common in males and deliberate self-harm in essay females. Also, differences arise in the psychiatric status of the patients. Post mortem studies of suicide victims show that there is book summary, usually an underlying psychiatric disorder such as depression associated with the victim’s mental health. This is not always the case with self-harm patients. Although there could be a history of depressive illness, self-harm is frequently an impulsive act, probably enhanced by alcohol or drug consumption (Hawton and James, 2005). Self-harm is a serious public health problem and young people are particularly affected by it (Mental Health Foundation, 2006). A case of a patient who has self-harmed is a chance for the health services to effectively evaluate and address any relevant underlying problems and is an opportunity to successfully avert potential future suicides.

The extent of self-harm and of drugs, suicides among young people has been accurately described as an unknown quantity (Bywaters and Rolfe, 2002). Reportedly, 8 out of every 100,000 deaths in England and essay, Wales each year are suicide cases. There are an estimated 25,000 adolescent self-harm presentations annually in hospitals in in marathi England and night book summary, Wales (Hawton et al, 2000) and government research report that as many as 1 in 17 young people have attempted to harm themselves. Suicide is the second most common cause of death among 15- to 34-year olds. These rates are even higher (20-50 times) in psychotic patients than in the general population. The often-vast variation between different prevalence sources is most likely an indicator of geographic, epidemiogical and cultural variation in self-harm trends. Global suicide rates in young people have increased during the past three decades. According to good and evil and bad, the Office of night essay National Statistics (1999), 1.3% of 5-10 year olds have tried to harm, hurt or kill himself/herself.

More than four times this proportion (5.8%) of the older children aged 11 to good and bad, 15 years old report having attempted to self-harm or commit suicide. Most child and night book summary, adolescent mental the health services take the school-leaving age of 16 as their upper limit. Thus most available statistics are only for children up to the age of 16. Healthier Cafeteria! It is important that children who fall within this narrow and night book summary essay, oft-omitted age-gap (16-18 year olds) are not neglected, and are properly catered for. The statistics also show that among the 5-10 year olds, boys were almost twice as likely to self-harm than their female counterparts. Likewise, children of single-parent homes also had more tendencies for deliberate self-harm than children of couple-parent families. Surprisingly, children with no siblings had slightly more chance of committing self-harm than children from larger families.

40% of these children who had tried to self-harm had a mental disorder, and one in essay grammar three had experienced 3 or more stressful life events. In contrast, among the 11-15 year olds, self-harm appears to be more prevalent among girls (58%) than boys. However, these older children are apparently more likely to self-harm if they have a lot of summary essay siblings. 50% of these adolescents who had tried to harm, hurt or kill themselves had a mental disorder and over 40% had experienced 3 or more stressful life events. Parents generally tend to underestimate their children’s self-harm tendencies and history, as illustrated by the vast differences in parents and children’s accounts of self-harm and suicide attempts. This gives an insight into the level of shrouding and sythesis of drugs, secrecy that is associated with these phenomena and casts doubts on the validity and night book summary, reliability of these widely accepted statistics. Stigmatisation and ostracization commonly associated with suicide and sythesis, self-harm victims and families is the most likely reason behind under-reporting and denial. In addition, prevalence of book suicides is largely underestimated because of healthier reluctance of coroners to classify cause of death as suicides, especially in children.

A large proportion of the so-called “open verdicts” are, in fact, suicides (Hawton and night, James, 2005). Self-harm techniques such as self-cutting usually go unnoticed. As the most common method of DSH by teenagers, the implications are that the rates of essay in marathi self-harm amongst adolescents are grossly under-reported. Thus it is important to note that these daunting statistics might actually represent a conservative estimate of the reality of self-harm and summary essay, suicide attempts among young people . Investigating potential socio-demographic and clinical predictors of suicide, Cooper et al (2005) concluded that there was an mri thesis topics, approximately 30-fold increase in risk of night book essay suicide in deliberate self-harm patients than in the general population. Furthermore, suicide rates were found to be highest within the first 6 months after the initial self-harm episode. This is the basis for early assessment and treatment as will be discussed in subsequent sections. Examining trends and characteristics of self-harm in adolescents between 1990 and 2000, Hawton et al (2003) found that the of drugs prevalence of self-harm among young females was on the increase.

These rising rates could reflect latent negative effects of a number of social changes. Possible reasons for this increase include increased rates of family breakdowns, increasing rates of substance misuse, media influences and summary essay, common peer behaviours. In a self-report survey, Hawton et al (2002) studied the prevalence of of drugs deliberate self-harm in adolescents aged 15 and 16 years old, and the factors associated with it. In this age group, females were more likely to self-harm than males. Ethnicity-wise, teenagers of white origin were more likely to self-harm than their Asian counterparts. Black young people were the least likely to self-harm. In addition, teenagers who lived with other family members apart from their parents were more likely to self-harm than those who live with one or both parents. Smokers also had more incidents of self-harm than non-smokers, with frequency increasing with number of cigarettes smoked in girls. Similar trends were observed with young people who consumed alcohol. Expectedly, bullying and book essay, other forms of cafeteria abuse (physical or sexual) was a major determining factor for adolescents who self-harm. Night Book Essay! Other factors which played a role in self-harm amongst young people were sexual orientation worries, trouble with police and family or friends who harm themselves.

Although self-harm is essay good good and bad, observed in all age-groups, it has an average age of onset of 12 years old (Fox and Hawton, 2004). Thus the importance of addressing this problem in adolescents is blatantly obvious. Factors that have been substantiated to be strongly associated with self-harm amongst adolescents are very similar to characteristics associated with suicidal patients. These include: Depression Substance misuse Physical or sexual abuse Low self esteem Physical ill-health Disputes with parents, siblings or friends School or work problems. In an ecological and person-based study, Hawton et al (2001) investigated the influence of the economic and night book essay, social environment on deliberate self-harm and suicide. Healthier Cafeteria Food! Improving on the methodical limitations of previous studies, the researchers studied DSH patients over night book summary essay 10 years.

The relationship between socio-economic deprivations was shown to be very significant in males and females. These findings have been collaborated by a more specific study (patients under 18 years old). Discussion Essay Ielts! Socio-economic deprivation was significantly associated with overdose, self-injury and poisoning by illicit substances (Ayton et al, 2003). Accounting for book essay, confounding factors, correlations remained significant, further validating the results of the study. Although the relationship between ethnic density and deliberate self-harm tendencies is not well established, Neeleman and sythesis, colleagues (2001) demonstrated variable deliberate self-harm rates in various minority groups, suggesting protection and risk in book summary essay different areas. This is a gap in the literature for future research. In Marathi! School stress has also been shown to play a role in DSH in teenagers (Hawton et al, 2003). The findings from widespread international research suggest that the most determining risk factors for night essay, youth suicide are mental disorders and a history of psychopathology (Beautrais, 2000). Others could be individual and personal vulnerabilities, social, cultural and spanish grammar check, contextual factors. Possible motives for self-harming behaviour other than death are highlighted below (Hawton and James, 2005): To escape from unbearable anguish.

To change the behaviour of others. To escape from a situation. To show desperation to others. To make others feel guilty. To gain relief of tension. To seek help.

Furthermore, research has provided a useful insight into the factors that can influence repetitive self-harm behaviours despite aftercare and treatment. Night Book Summary Essay! This is important in the assessment of patients who have self-harmed to police in marathi, identify those who are likely to summary, self-harm again and prevent such episodes. Factors that are associated with repeated self-harm as highlighted by Hawton and James (2005) include personality disturbance, depression, alcohol or substance misuse, disturbed family relationships, social isolation and poor school records. Hawton et al (1999) demonstrated that self-harm repeaters differed from the non-repeaters in having higher scores for depression, hopelessness and trait anger, and lower scores for essay grammar check, self-esteem. Specific reasons that have been cited for self-harm by book summary young people, as highlighted by topics the National Inquiry (2006) include: · Strained relationships with parents. · Worry about academic performance.

· Childhood abuse (sexual, physical or emotional) · Low self-esteem or rejection. · Problems to do with race, culture or religion. 2. Responding To Young People Who Self-Harm. 2.1 Guidelines And Evidence For Good Practice. The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE, 2004) has proposed guidelines for the short-term physical and psychological management and night, secondary prevention of essay grammar self-harm in book essay primary and secondary care. In addition, The Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPSYCH) also provides guidance on managing young people up to the age of 16 who deliberately harm themselves.

Such guidelines are readily applicable to the Health service i.e. Accident and Emergency departments and Child and Adolescents Mental Health Services. Integrating these treatment guidelines and the findings of related research, the management of these young self-harm patients will be extensively discussed under the following sub-titles: Assessment Treatment planning Admission to hospital Treatment options Medical and healthier food, surgical management Referral and discharge following self-harm Pharmacological interventions Family support Prevention. A comprehensive child and adolescent mental health service needs to take all the above facets into consideration when treating this group of extremely vulnerable patients.

The NICE guidelines (2004) emphasize the night book importance of treating patients who have self-harmed with the same care, respect and privacy as any other patient. In fact, the likely distress associated with self-harm may necessitate additional care and difference discussion, tact when dealing with these patients. Also, health services are urged to provide appropriate training to night, all staff (clinical and non-clinical) that has any form of contact with the patients to fully equip them with the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively understand and care for difference between argument, people who have self-harmed. Ideally, training should cover areas such as crisis counselling, risk assessment, stress management, mental health triage, cultural awareness, working with families and confidentiality issues (Wynaden et al, 2000). Clearly, the importance of ensuring patients’ safety while in hospital is colossal. These patients should be offered an environment that is safe, supportive and minimises any distress. The NICE guidelines (2004) suggest a separate, quiet room with supervision and regular contact with a named member of staff to ensure safety at all times.

The high rate of self-harm patients who repeatedly self-harm or go ahead to commit suicide in the future makes it imperative to conduct an summary essay, extensive and detailed assessment of young people who self-harm . Young people who have self-harmed in a potentially serious or violent way should be assessed either by check a child and book essay, adolescent psychiatrist, a specialist mental worker, a psychologist, a psychotherapist or a psychiatric nurse (Hawton and James, 2005). Between Essay! The NICE guidelines propose that all people who have self-harmed should be offered this preliminary assessment at triage, regardless of the summary severity of the attack. Apart from the obligatory emergency physical assessment, this will give an mri thesis topics, insight into the patient’s mental health, the level of distress and their willingness to night summary essay, co-operate with the medical team. In addition, the sythesis of drugs patient’s psychosocial situation and the ability of night book summary essay parents or guardians to ensure their safety should be addressed (RCPSYCH, 2006). As the first point of mri thesis contact, ambulance staff have a crucial role to play in the initial assessment of young people who have self-harmed (NICE, 2004). The Australian Mental Health Triage Scale is a validated comprehensive assessment scale that provides a means of efficiently rating clinical urgency so that patients can be seen in book summary essay a timely manner. This scale has been shown to cafeteria food, improve staff confidence and attitudes in dealing with clients with mental health problems, thus improving patients’ outcomes in the long-run (Broadbent et al, 2004). Research has shown the importance of cultural, ethnic and racial awareness and book summary, sensitivity in the assessment process.

Some cultures regard suicide attempts as taboo, and it is always good practice to take such factors into consideration. In addition, a language interpreter may be required to communicate effectively with the patient and family. 2.1.2 Treatment Planning. Following the preliminary assessment, it is considered good practice to have an action or treatment plan (Hawton and James, 2005). The treatment plan should take into cafeteria food, account all aspects of the patient’s management in hospital, ranging from treatment options to pharmacological and book essay, psychological interventions to discharge planning. 2.1.3 Admission To Hospital. At this point, temporary admission should be considered especially for patients who are who are very distressed, for people who may be returning to healthier cafeteria, an unsafe or harmful environment and for people in whom psychosocial assessment proves too difficult for any number of book essay reasons (NICE, 2004). If admission is difference essay, indicated, a paediatric, medical adolescent, or designated unit should be utilised as appropriate. Despite the book essay NICE guidelines, some schools of though believe that regardless of the toxicological or physical state of the young person, hospital admission is desirable, so that adequate further physical and psychosocial assessments can be carried out, and management/crisis interventions can be planned and initiated (Hawton and topics, James, 2000). The paediatric ward will usually suffice, unless, and especially with patients in the older end of the age range, there is a more suitable unit available.

Waterhouse and Platt (1990) investigated the summary difference in outcomes between self-harm patients who were admitted to hospital and those were discharged as outpatients. Cafeteria Food Essay! The findings of the study showed slight significance between the two intervention groups. It is the night book summary essay role of the admitting staff to obtain agreement for nietzsche essay and evil good, the mental health assessment of the patient from parents or relevant guardians, and to alert all members of staff of each young person’s needs. Night Book Essay! As with all in-patients, hospitalised young patients who have self-harmed should be properly cared for and monitored. In addition, responsibilities of sythesis staff of the mental health team will include providing consultation to the young person and his/her family, the paediatric team and staff of the social services and education departments. The Crisis Recovery Unit at the Bethlem Hospital in London, a national specialist unit for book essay, people of 17 years and above who repeatedly self-harm, have a different and topics, slightly radical approach to night, the in-patient treatment of mri thesis these patients (Mental Health Foundation, 2006). Their philosophy is that the individuals should take responsibility for night book essay, their actions. This practice-supported technique focuses on helping young people realise for themselves that self-harm is first and evil, not an effective strategy for dealing with their problems.

It encourages these patients to night book essay, talk about their problems and explore alternative coping strategies, including strategies for dealing with the urge to self-harm. However, the effectiveness of such an intervention in food essay younger patients (11-16) is not certain, as these children might not be mentally mature for such self-realisation tactics. 2.1.4 Treatment Options. Treatment options for night summary essay, adolescents who have harmed themselves could be individual-based, family-based or group-based. Sythesis Of Drugs! Individual-based interventions include but are not limited to problem-solving, cognitive behavioural therapy and anger management. Family therapy could be in the form of problem-solving or structural or systemic therapy, and group therapy could involve any of book these techniques performed in teams or groups. Problem-solving therapy or brief psychological therapy as it is spanish essay grammar check, otherwise known, is a brief treatment that is aimed at book summary, helping the young patient to essay, acquire basic-problem solving skills to identify and prioritise their problems (Mental Health Foundation, 2006). The process involves implementing discussed possible solutions to a specific problem, and book summary, reassessing the situation to review progress -sort of cafeteria like a self-audit process. The basics of night summary essay problem-solving therapy as identified by Hawton and James (2006) are highlighted below: · Identifying and deciding what problems to sythesis, tackle first. · Agreeing goals of therapy with the patient as much as is possible.

· Working out steps to achieve goals. · Deciding how to tackle the first step. · Dealing with psychological factors that obstruct progress. · Working through subsequent steps. This method of problem-solving therapy appears to improve depression, hopelessness and general problems in deliberate self-harm patients significantly more than control therapy (Townsend et al, 2001). Night Essay! This finding has been variously collaborated in argument essay ielts other studies and the results are considered reliable. Book Essay! This therapeutic process usually takes 5 to check, 6 one-hour sessions, and can be delivered by any experienced mental health professional with suitable training and night essay, supervision (Mental Health Foundation, 2006). First Good Good And Bad! It is direct and night book summary, easily understood and is thus suitable for the younger patients. Of Drugs! It helps the adolescent when he or she is faced with future crisis or trigger factors. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. This form of psychotherapy is based on the belief that psychological problems are the product of an individual’s faulty way of viewing the world.

In this case, the therapist aims to modify the patients’ cognitive processes and book, beliefs using techniques that are similar to those described above (problem-solving therapy), but with behavioural techniques. Although widely used adopted in psychotherapy in the treatment of depression, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has limited evidence of use in self-harm patients. Even in depression, its use has been shown to be less effective as monotherapy than fluoxetine monotherapy and in essay combination with fluoxetine (March et al, 2004). Dialectical Behaviour Therapy. Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is an intensive therapeutic technique that was introduced to help those who repeatedly harm themselves. It could involve as long as a full year of individual therapy, group sessions, social skills training and access to crisis contact (Mental Health Foundation, 2006). Fewer behavioural incidents have been reported with this treatment when compared with an book essay, input unit run on psycho dynamically oriented principles (Katz et al, 2004), thus strengthening findings by Rathus and Miller in 2002. Of Drugs! In addition, an night summary, older study (Linehan et al, 1991) had shown very significant differences in likeliness to repeat self-harm in patients undergoing dialectical behaviour therapy and the control group.

The NICE guidelines (2004) suggest the use of dialectical behaviour therapy in self-harm patients who have a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder, but stress that this should not preclude the use of other strongly validated psychological treatments with vast evidence-based support. As the name implies, family therapy is a branch of psychotherapy that treats family problems as a source of the adolescent’s underlying therapy. Family interventions can be structured or systemic and can also be home-based. Basic aspects of this treatment option would include improvement of specific skills and emotions to promote sharing of feelings and negotiation between family members. Elements of assessment of families of self-harm victim should include (Hawton and James, 2005): · Family structure and healthier food, relationships. · Recent family life events, e.g. death, relocation, divorce e.t.c.

· History of psychiatric disorder, including suicide attempts in the family. There is some anecdotal evidence that demonstrate the importance of family therapy in young people who self-harm, especially those have well-documented family issues or strained family relationships. However, evidence base to support the use of family therapy interventions is scarce and quite weak. In a randomly controlled case study, Harrington et al (1998) compared an intensive family therapy intervention with standard self-harm aftercare. The results of the study found no significant differences between the two groups of subjects in terms of improved outcomes. Group therapy could include the previously discussed problem solving and cognitive behavioural therapy. The Oxford Medical Dictionary defines group therapy as psychotherapy involving at night book summary, least two patients and between argument discussion essay, a therapist. Simply put, it is the administration of any psychological therapeutic methods described above in groups.

Normally, people with similar problems meet to discuss and night book, analyse their problems and possible ways of healthier food overcoming them. Although this intervention could be time-saving, the possibility of confrontation and tension between the night essay group members is good and evil good, a potential barrier to its effective implementation. Also, the negative connotation of suicide and self-harm might prevent patients from effectively participating in such group sessions. In a small-randomised parallel trial in Manchester, England, Wood et al (2001) strove to evaluate the effectiveness of group therapy for repeated deliberate self-harm in adolescents by comparing combination of routine care and group therapy with routine care alone. Results showed that adolescents who had group therapy were less likely to repeat self-harm than those who only received routine therapy. Overall, the night summary evidence for clinical management and prevention of repeated episodes of deliberate self-harm in young people is limited. A systematic review by food Burns and colleagues (2005) found that group therapy was the only specific programme that had significant effects on the rates of summary repetition of self-harm. Expensive interventions such as intensive aftercare have no clear advantages over standard aftercare. 2.1.5 Medical And Surgical Management.

Clearly a person who has harmed himself/ herself will have some form of injury, whether superficial or systemic. Responding to adolescents who self-harm will obviously include treatment of consequences of the difference argument self-afflicted injury. The treatment of self-injury would be the same as for any other injury, taking into account the level of distress and emotional disturbance experienced by night book summary essay the patient (NICE, 2004). The most common products of nietzsche first and evil good and bad self-injury -wounds and book essay, poisoning must be treated accordingly. Wounds may require wound assessment and exploration and together with a full discussion of the patient’s preferences should be cleaned and dressed appropriately. Police! In more severe cases, minor surgery might be necessary to properly mend any damages. Treatment for ingested substances would be dependent on the nature of the poison. Samples should be collected as soon as possible for laboratory analysis. The overall aim would be to reduce absorption, increase elimination or chemically neutralize the adverse biological effects of the night summary poison.

The guidelines proposed by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence emphasizes the police essay consideration of gastro-intestinal decontamination only in self-harm patients who present early, are fully conscious with a protected airway, and are at risk of significant harm as a result of the poisoning. Night Book! Activated charcoal could be administered 1 to 2 hours after ingestion. Emetics and cathartics should not be used in the management of self-poisoning. Recommendations by TOXBASE or the National Poisons Information Service (NPIS) should be followed to prevent further complications and harm. Gastric lavage and whole bowel irrigation should only between discussion be used when specifically recommended by relevant bodies.

2.1.6 Pharmacological Interventions. Generally, the use of book summary essay pharmacological agents in police treating adolescents who have self-harmed is built on the basis that depression is an underlying problem in these patients. Comparing antidepressant therapy with placebo in book patients who had deliberately initiated self-poisoning or self-injury, significant odds ratios were achieved. Furthermore, significantly reduced rates of further self-harm were observed for mri thesis topics, depot flupenthixol compared to placebo. The current controversy over selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in children and adolescents (Wong et al, 2004), especially those with suicidal ideation must be taken into night book summary, account when prescribing for this group of patients. Like with all aspects of health care, and particularly mental health care, the choice of intervention depends on sythesis, the individual patient’s condition. Montgomery et al (1979) have demonstrated a significantly greater likelihood of repeated self-harm in night book summary patients treated with the placebo agent compared with those treated with flupenthixol.

Differences in the outcomes of patients treated with antidepressants and those treated with placebo, though not as large, were still significant (Montgomery et al, 1983). The introduction of mri thesis topics pharmacological agents in night book summary essay the management of such patients would ultimately depend on police essay, the outcomes of psychosocial and essay, physical assessment, and should be aimed at treating the patient’s underlying problems or particular diagnosis rather than simply treating self-harming behaviour. Whatever, therapeutic decisions are made, clinicians should ensure that the patient (or where not possible, parents or guardians) are made aware of the treatment options available, including the likely advantages and disadvantages, and involved in making a choice. 2.1.7 Referral and Discharge Following Self-Harm. Referral and discharge of an adolescent after self-harm would depend on the outcomes of the extensive assessment that would have been previously conducted (section 2.1.1).

It is important that the essay patient remains as involved as possible in decisions that are made regarding his/ her management. Adolescents who have harmed themselves may need a range of other health or social services. Referral to these professionals and night summary, other relevant agencies bears witness to sythesis of drugs, the importance of adopting a multi agency approach (section 2.3). Night Essay! Proper documentation of all relevant interventions and conversations will ensure a seamless transfer from police essay, one health service to another and culminate in improved quality of care and better outcomes. 2.1.8 Family Support. This is night summary essay, quite different from family therapy as discussed under treatment options (section 2.1.4). Rather than attempt to resolve underlying family problems in a bid to address the cafeteria essay source of the adolescent’s problems like the latter, family support refers to moves that could be taken to help parents and siblings deal with the traumatic experience of self-harm in the family. Common family reactions following suicide or self-harm by adolescents include denial, guilt, shame, anger, depression, substance misuse and overprotection of other children and siblings.

These issues have to book, be addressed effectively and in a timely manner to avert further tragic family occurrences. It would be the responsibility of the resident psychologist to evaluate family members and provide the appropriate counselling and treatment. A large part of nietzsche first good good and bad responding to the increasing rates of self-harm among adolescents in the UK is initiating preventive measures. The National Inquiry into self-harm among young people found that school-based work appears to be one of the most promising areas where prevention of self-harm among young people can be effectively tackled. Also it is widely recognised that young people would rather turn to young people than adults in their time of summary essay need. In response to this, schools have started implementing peer support schemes. It must be appreciated that prevention strategies should be both primary and secondary, i.e. should target self-harmers as well as the between essay ielts general young population as appropriate. Child and adolescent mental health services must put in place programmes to effectively reach their target population.

Measures should be put into action to promote good mental health and emotional well being (Mental Health Foundation, 2006). In addition, educational awareness programmes should be initiated to provide information to the general public towards reducing the stigmatisation associated with self-harm and suicides. The mental health service could pilot a 24-hour help line to address adolescent’s problems. This would provide an night book summary essay, avenue to discuss one’s problems and obtain advice and support on essay grammar check, how to night book summary essay, deal with them. 25% of young people who were asked what could be done to prevent adolescents from harming themselves responded that someone to listen, advise and of drugs, support in night book essay times of need would be beneficial (Fortune et al, 2005). Secondary prevention is even more crucial as a 30-fold increase in risk of healthier cafeteria food essay suicide has been demonstrated in young people who had previously self-harmed.

Direct intervention is book summary essay, indicated for nietzsche first good and evil, these patients to night book essay, prevent repeated self-harm. First Essay Good And Evil Good And Bad! Various distraction techniques have been reported by these young people as helping to take their minds off the urge to inflict harm on themselves. These include physical exercise, writing negative feelings on paper and ripping it up, using a red felt-pen to book essay, mark instead of cut, hitting a punch bag to vent anger and frustration, writing in mri thesis topics a diary and talking to night book summary essay, a friend (Mental Health Foundation, 2006). Professional prevention of topics repeated episodes of book essay self-harm would include psychological and psychosocial assessment and interventions as described in earlier sections to essay in marathi, try and resolve causal problems and improve emotional well being and general mental health. 2.2 Assessing The Needs And Risks of essay Young People Who Have Self-Harmed.

Psychosocial assessment in patients who have self-harmed can be classified broadly into assessment of need and assessment of risks. Specialist mental health professionals should carry out both assessments. Research has found typical psychological and psychosocial factors associated with deliberate self-harm (Webb, 2002). However, the breadth and sensitivity of healthier food tools and methods utilised in these studies mean that psychosocial factors have been less consistently measured. In fact, it has been suggested that positive psychosocial factors might actually play a role in providing protection against self-harming behaviour. Assessment of Needs. Needs assessment should be comprehensive and include evaluation of the social, psychological and motivational factors specific to night, the individual’s act of self-harm, current suicidal intent and hopelessness (NICE, 2004). In addition, a full mental health and social needs assessment must be included. As always, all conversations and interventions must be clearly documented in the patients’ notes to ensure seamless transition from one healthcare professional to another, and to enable follow-up. Assessment of police essay in marathi Risks. This should include identification of the main clinical and demographic characteristics that are potential risk factors for repeated self-harm or suicide (NICE, 2004).

A standardised risk assessment scale could be used, but should complement rather than replace extensive individual assessment. Psychosocial assessment is important because it provides an insight into the longer-term needs and risks of the patient and forms a basis for therapeutic decisions. 2.3 The Multi Agency Approach To Management of Adolescents Who Self-Harm. The involvement of multiple agencies or services in the care of patients who have self-harmed is crucial to obtaining good outcomes. This approach is much more than the usual inter-professional approaches to patient care as recommended in hospitals.

Matter-of-fact, inter-professional patient care merely forms a small part of the multi agency approach in night book summary essay mental health care. The Royal College of mri thesis Psychiatry (2006) emphasizes the book importance of grammar a full and longer-term approach to night book essay, providing care for self-harm patients that will require the co-ordinated activities of local and nietzsche essay good good and bad, health authorities together with an awareness of the important role that non-statutory sector agencies play. The nature of these episodes of self-harm and the age group being considered necessitates the involvement of a wide range of professionals in health and non-health sectors in order to address all aspects of the incidence appropriately. Health professionals who will be invariably involved in management of these patient groups are emergency department staff, paramedical and night book, ambulance staff, general practitioners, pharmacists, counsellors, paediatricians, paediatric nurses, psychiatrists, prison health staff, clinical psychologists, mental health nurses, community psychiatric nurses and social workers. Other public services professionals may have direct contact or be involved in healthier cafeteria essay the care of night summary these patients. Mri Thesis Topics! These include occupational therapists, art therapists, the police and professionals who work in summary the criminal justice and education sectors (NICE, 2004). In addition, child protection services may be involved depending on the family background. Thus it is clear that the full range of resources and interventions required by young people who harm themselves span the responsibilities of a range of agencies and sectors of care (RCPSYCH, 1998). Paramedical and Ambulance Staff.

As the first health care contacts that an adolescent will have after a self-harm episode, ambulance staff and paramedics have an increasingly important role in early assessment and treatment of self-harm. Urgently needed at this point is an assessment of physical risk to ascertain the extent of the injury and provide first-aid treatment at once. Difference Essay! In cases of self-poisoning, ambulance staff should ensure to obtain all substances and/or medications found at the scene and hand them over at the emergency department. They should be well trained and equipped to assess and make quick life-saving interventions. Training should address in particular, the different methods of self-harm and the appropriate treatments. Night Essay! NICE guidelines (2004) recommend that ambulance trusts, the emergency department and mental health trusts should work in partnership to develop locally agreed protocols for cafeteria food essay, ambulance staff to follow in the care and transport of self-harm patients.

Emergency Department Staff. The accident and emergency (AE) staff in essay the hospital are probably the essay good and evil good and bad main care-providers for night book essay, these patients at this acute stage. It is their responsibility to keep the injured patient alive and prevent as much damage as possible. If this is not achieved, all subsequent care providers may have no role to play (in the event of death of patient). They should be properly trained to recognise and counter common self-inflicted injury. These professionals often have direct contact with the sythesis ambulance staff and proper communication between these two services is critical. General Practitioners and Paediatricians.

Effective communication between primary and summary essay, secondary care is necessary in order to allow continuity of care for these patients. Paediatricians are especially involved to spanish essay grammar, provide adequate care for night book summary, children. Mental Health Services. The role of mental health professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists, and mental health nurses in providing care to self-harming young people is very evident. It is their duty to assess and treat any mental health problems such as depression, schizophrenia e.t.c. All the psychosocial and psychological assessments and interventions previously discussed is their responsibility. When problems are identified in living conditions or other social aspects of the young person’s life, social workers are brought in to essay, address these, and where necessary, make alternative arrangements to resolve the problems.

In the infrequent case of night summary essay illegal activities associated with the incidence of adolescents’ self-harm, members of the police force or other criminal justice professionals are required to essay, resolve these issues. For example, underlying sexual abuse as a trigger factor for self-harm would necessitate police intervention. Child protection procedures must also be implemented when a young person’s self-harming is night summary essay, indicative of essay good and evil good and bad mistreatment. Children and book summary essay, adolescents spend most of their time in school, and thus the school staff could have a major role to cafeteria essay, play in taking care of young people who have self-harmed. Book Summary Essay! Caution should be applied when dealing with children.

In particular, children and adolescents with learning disability should be treated with care, and if necessary enrolled in a special needs institution. Given that the arrangement of the various units that provide the different services may be complex, integrating these services could seem quite chaotic and healthier food essay, disorganised. The health authority/board should work with partner local authorities, trusts and primary care groups to ensure that inter-agency boundaries do not create fault lines in service delivery (RCPSYCH, 2006). There should be accurately developed policies to ensure that all the provider agencies have service agreements that enable and govern protocols for assessing and treating young people who harm themselves to be implemented and summary essay, used effectively. The fundamental idea of a comprehensive child and adolescent mental health service provider is the takes a multi agency approach and is not restricted solely to healthier cafeteria essay, a psychiatric service (Morley and Wilson, 2001). The four tiers of intervention that should be included in such services are outlined below (National Health Service, 1995): Tier 1: Non-mental health specialists.

These are professionals who by night book summary virtue of their work with children, young people and of drugs, families, are in a position to identify early signs of mental health problems. These could be midwives, health visitors, school nurses and counsellors. These practitioners can provide general advice and treatment for less severe problems, and contribute towards mental health promotion. Tier 2: Child and adolescent mental health specialists working in community and primary care settings. E.g. Night Essay! primary mental health workers, psychologists and counsellors in GP practices, paediatric clinics, schools and youth services. They can provide more specialist interventions and training to grammar, practitioners at tier 1 level. Tier 3: At this stage, the book summary essay multi-disciplinary and and evil good and bad, multi agency specialist child and adolescent mental health professionals work as team, as appropriate to provide extensive assessment and night book essay, treatment to children and young people with more complex and persistent disorders.

Tier 4: In-patient and highly specialised child and sythesis, adolescent mental health services, including specialist and forensic units usually offering services across several areas. These are essential tertiary level services for children and night summary, young people with the most serious problems. They can include secure forensic adolescent units, eating disorders units, specialist neuro-psychiatric teams, and other specialist teams (for children who have been sexually abused, for example), usually serving more than one district or region. 3. General Discussion. The reality of self-harm in adolescents paints a grim and depressing picture. The vulnerable nature of the patient group makes management and spanish check, treatment interventions even more difficult to implement effectively. With increased access to televisions, the Internet and other sources of information and entertainment, young people today are exposed to all sorts of negative influences that could hamper mental health and emotional well being. These, combined with numerous other factors are possible factors behind the rising incidents of essay self-harm among young people in the United Kingdom.

Despite the magnitude of the topics problem, there is a baffling dearth of book research investigations into this area. Applying the findings of the self-harm studies and adhering to available guidelines, a comprehensive child and adolescent mental health service can be established to effectively target all aspects of underlying factors in self-harm. Ethnicity distribution findings has useful implications for management of healthier essay suicidal behaviour, and book summary essay, should always be taken into consideration during assessment when predicting risk of repeated self-harming episodes. Likewise, other potential risk factors and police in marathi, confounding factors should be accounted for in individual cases. Assessment should always look out for features that are indicators of strong suicidal intent, high lethality, extreme precautions against being discovered and underlying psychiatric illness. Despite little evidence to show advantages over discharge, guidelines recommend a minimal overnight admission to allow for comprehensive assessment and proper implementation of appropriate treatment. Admission must be in a suitable ward or unit and should ensure support and book essay, safety at all times. The treatment options are vast and could range from medical, surgical or pharmacological management to first essay and evil good, psychosocial and psychological interventions. Larger studies would be beneficial to gain a more accurate insight into the reliability and night book summary essay, generalisability of these interventions in this group of patients. There appears to be more research and information in in marathi the literature for psychological and psychosocial interventions such as problem-solving, cognitive behavioural therapy, dialectical behaviour therapy and group therapy, than for pharmacological management e.g. the use of anti-depressants or anti-psychotics following self-harm in young people.

Ultimately, the choice of treatment depends on the individual patient and his/ her inherent risk factors. Assessment of needs and risks (psychosocial assessment) must be carried out before discharge to ascertain the patients’ ability to cope and night book, the extent of their suicidal ideation. The outcomes of such assessment would further determine suitable treatment path and the necessary agencies and services to employ. For a comprehensive child and mri thesis topics, mental health service to efficiently respond to the rising incidents of self-harm among young people, there is need to appreciate the importance of inter-professional collaboration within the hospital setting. Integration of people and night, skills will improve the quality of care provided, and enhance the first and bad services understanding of self-harm in young people. In addition to this the importance of external multi-agency involvement is noted, as the full range of interventions required by night summary essay these highly susceptible patient group necessitates the input of sythesis a wide range of agencies and sectors of care. Thus collaboration with other health and non-health services is crucial and should involve professionals such as the police, school workers, social workers and child protection agencies, as necessary. It is night essay, important to note that the mental and physical health of the police essay in marathi adolescent is not isolated, and could be an night essay, indicator of other family or social problems. A child and adolescent mental health agency can keep its services comprehensive and effective by keeping up-to-date with new and proven treatment options that could be applied to its young patients.

Also, suitable training is essential for all staff that will have any form of contact with these patients to adequately cater for them. The views of the cafeteria targeted young people should be considered, when making local health policies. In a qualitative study investigating young people’s perceptions about helpful contacts (Mental Health Foundation, 2006), it was found that young people found voluntary local organisations, friends and health visitors most helpful in their distressful times. Furthermore, investigating what sort of help they would like on offer, most people thought that one on one support and/ or counselling would be helpful. Other popular interventions were group support, facilitated self-help groups and creative initiatives and multimedia/ Internet access. In reality adolescents were more likely to seek help from friends and their general practitioners. As sources of information, these contact points are not trained to provide such specialist help. Young people should be made aware of services provided by child and adolescents mental health agencies to educate them on the available benefits of reaching out to them in time of night book summary need.

The limited literature available on this topic is spanish grammar check, a potential setback to night essay, effective resolution of the current problem. Difference Argument Discussion Ielts! Nevertheless, the interventions and assessment made in patient care should remain evidence-based as much as possible. It must be understood that the treatment of young people who self-harm should not be just solely psychiatric, and should adopt the recommended multi agency approach in night order to essay good, effectively target all latent aspects of the book summary essay problem. Young people’s opinions should not be ignored, and police in marathi, findings on interventions they consider helpful must be applied within reason to achieve patient satisfaction and night book summary essay, encourage them to mri thesis, seek help from the appropriate sources. Anderson, M., Woodward, L., Armstrong, M. Night Book Summary! (2004) Self-harm in good and bad young people: a perspective for mental health nursing care. International Nursing Review 51, 222-228. Ayton, A., Rasool, H., Cottrell, D. (2003) Deliberate self-harm in children and adolescents: association with social deprivation.

European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 12, 303-307. Beautrais, A. Book Summary! (2000) Risk factors for suicide and attempted suicide among young people. Australian and check, New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 34, 420. Broadbent, M., Jarman, H., Berk, M. (2004) Emergency department mental health triage scales improve outcomes. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10, 57-62.

Burns, J., Michael, D., Hazell, P., Patton, G. (2005) Clinical management of night book summary essay deliberate self-harm in mri thesis topics young people: the need for evidence-based approaches to reduce repetition. Book Summary! Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 39, 121-128. Mri Thesis Topics! Bywaters, P. and Rolfe, A. (2002) Look beyond the scars: Understanding and responding to self-harm and self-injury. [WWW] (December7th 2006). Book Summary Essay! Cooper, J., Kapur, N., Webb, R., Lawlor, M., Guthrie, E., Mackway-Jones, K., Appleby, L. (2005) Suicide after deliberate self-harm; a 4-year cohort study. The American Journal of Psychiatry 162, 297-303. Fortune, S., Sinclair, J., Hawton, K. (2005) Adolescents views on prevention of self-harm, barriers to help-seeking for self-harm and how quality of life might be improved: A qualitative and quantitative study. Mri Thesis Topics! Oxford: Centre for night book, suicide research, University of Oxford. In Marathi! Fox, C. and book summary, Hawton, K. (2004) Deliberate self-harm in adolescence. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London. Harrington, R., Kerfoot, M., Dyer, E., McNiven, F., Gill, J., Harrington, V., Woodham, A. (1998) Randomised trial of a home-based family intervention for children who have deliberately poisoned themselves.

Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 37, 512-518. Hawton, K., Fagg, J., Simkin, S., Bale, E., Bond, A. (2000) Deliberate self-harm in adolescents in Oxford, 1985-1995. Check! Journal of Adolescence 23, 47-55. Hawton, K., Hall, S., Simkin, S., Bale, L., Bond, A., Codd, S., (2003) Deliberate self-harm in adolescents; a study of characteristics and trends in Oxford, 1990-2000. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 44, 1191-1198. Hawton, K., Harriss, L., Hodder, K., Simkin, S., Gunnell, D. (2001) The influence of the economic and social environment on deliberate self-harm and suicide: an ecological and person-based study. Psychological Medicine 31, 827-836. Hawton, K. and night book essay, James, A. (2005) ABC of adolescence: Suicide and mri thesis, deliberate self-harm in young people.

British Medical Journal 330, 891-894. Hawton, K., Kingsbury, S., Steinhardt, K., James, A., Fagg, J. (1999) Repetition of self-harm by book summary essay adolescents: the role of psychological factors. Of Drugs! Journal of Adolescence 22, 369-378. Hawton, K., Rodham, K., Evans, E., Weatherall, R. (2002) Deliberate self-harm in adolescents: a self report survey in schools in England. British Medical Journal 325, 1207-1211.

Katz, L., Cox, B., Gunasekara, S., Miller, A. (2004) Feasibility of dialectical behaviour therapy for suicidal adolescent in-patients. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43, 276-282. Linehan, M., Armstrong, H., Suarez, A., Allmon, D., Heard, H. (1991) Cognitive behavioural treatment of chronically parasuicidal borderline patients. Archives of General Psychiatry 48, 1069-1064. Book Essay! March, J., Silva, S., Petrycki, S. The Treatment for Adolescents Depression Study (TADS) team (2004) Fluoxetine, cognitive behavioural therapy, and their combination for adolescents with depression: Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study. A randomised controlled study. Journal Of American Medical Association 292, 807-820. Mental Health Foundation (2006) Truth Hurts: Report of the national inquiry into self-harm among young people. [WWW] (December7th 2006) Montgomery, S., Montgomery, D., Jayanthi-Rani, S., Roy, D., Shaw, P., McAuley, R. (1979) Maintenance therapy in repeat suicidal behaviour: A placebo-controlled trial. Proceedings of 10th International Congress for Suicide Prevention And Crisis Intervention, Ottawa, 227-229. Montgomery, S., Roy, D., Montgomery, D. (1983) The prevention of topics recurrent suicidal acts. Night! British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 15, 183-188.

Morley, D. and Wilson, P. (2001) Child and adolescents mental health: its importance and how to commission a comprehensive service. Guidance for primary care trusts. [WWW] (December7th 2006) Neeleman, J., Wilson-Jones, C., Wessely, S. (2001) Ethnic density and deliberate self-harm: a small area study in southeast London. In Marathi! Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 55, 85-90. National Health Service, Health Advisory Service (1995) Together we stand, a thematic review of night book child and adolescent mental health service. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2004) Self-harm: The short-term physical and psychological management and secondary prevention of first essay self-harm in primary and secondary care. [WWW] (December7th 2006) Office of National Statistics (1999) Children and adolescents who try to harm, hurt or kill themselves. [WWW] (December7th 2006).

Rathus, J., and Miller, A. (2002) Dialectical behaviour therapy adapted for suicidal adolescents. Suicide Life Threat Behaviour 32, 146-157. Skegg, K. (2005) Self-harm. The Lancet 366, 1471-1483. The Royal College of Psychiatry (2006) Managing deliberate self-harm in book young people. [WWW] (December7th 2006). Townsend, E., Hawton, K., Altman, D., Arensman, E., Gunnell, D., Hazell, P., House, A., Van Heeringen, K. (2001) The efficacy of problem-solving treatments after deliberate self-harm: a meta-analysis of topics randomised controlled trials with respect to depression, hopelessness and night summary essay, improvement in problems. Psychological Medicine 31, 979-988. Waterhouse, J. and Platt, S. (1990) General hospital admission in the management of parasuicide. A randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry 156, 236-242.

Webb, L. (2002) Deliberate self-harm in adolescence: a systematic review of psychological and psychosocial factors. Journal of Advanced Nursing 38, 235-244. Cafeteria Food! Wong, I., Besag, F., Santosh, P., Murray, M. (2004) Use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in children and adolescents. Night Essay! Drug Safety 27, 991-1000. Wood, A., Trainor, G., Rothwell, J., Moore, A., Harrington, R. (2001) Randomised trial of group therapy for repeated deliberate self-harm in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40, 1246-1253. Wynaden, D., O’Connell, B., McGowan, S., Popescu, A. (2000) The educational needs of essay good nurses’ in the area of night mental health. The Australian Electronic Journal of Nursing Education 6, No.1.

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When to night summary essay, leave grad school off your resume. I have been railing against grad school for a long time, and I’m starting to nietzsche and evil, believe that you should leave grad school off your resume if you are not working in the field you studied. Here are five reasons why putting grad school on night book, your resume makes you look bad. (And at the end of this post, there’s a game plan for essay what to do with any gap you’ll have when you remove grad school from your resume.) 1. Grad school on your resume is a formal announcement of a mistake. If you are working in the exact field that you went to grad school for, then this advice does not apply to you.

But most people do not get jobs that are directly related to their graduate degree. Most people did not need to go to grad school to get a job. Which begs the question, “Why did you go?” For most people the answer will be that it was a mistake. It was a lot of time and money spent for a degree they didn’t need. Other people will say they love to learn. This is not a good thing to say because it is not remarkable. At least, not among the people you need to be better than to get hired. Those star employees are learning all the time and do not take time away from work to night book summary essay, go to grad school. Are you so stupid that you cannot learn without getting grades? Because this is what it looks like if you say you went to grad school because you love to learn. You might say that you went to grad school because your parents were paying, or because it was a free ride.

But this does not bode well for your work ethic. Because your time is valuable. First Good And Evil Good. Or at least you need to night book summary, talk like it is, so that you can get someone to pay you for nietzsche first essay good and bad it. Night Summary. If you just went to grad school to kill time, you will probably kill a lot of time at work, too. 2. Grad school on your resume makes you look like you’re worth less money. Going to grad school in a field unrelated to your job is like having an sythesis of drugs irrlevant job on your resume.

And you already know that people leave stupid jobs off their resume. Grad school is like that — a stupid job that detracts from your story. The story is really important: A resume is night book summary essay, a story of how you managed your career in a way that is focused on what you want to do right now. You don’t need to tell your life story. You need to tell a story that makes you look like the perfect candidate for your perfect job. If your resume shows that you’ve done tons of things—like study law and work at an online marketing firm—then you look more like a generalist, and cafeteria essay you won’t be as desirable. Specialists get more money than generalists. 3. Grad school on your resume makes you look like you’re scared of adult life.

Generally speaking, people who have huge excitement about night book summary creating their own path in the workforce do not go to grad school. People who have excitement about deciding for mri thesis topics themselves what to read and night essay what to learn are people who stop going to school and join the workforce. The workplace, done right, is a place for self-directed learning. Most people who went to sythesis of drugs, grad school did it to prolong adolescent needs for grade-based approval. (Note: This analysis comes from writers at the Chronicle for Higher Education.) This is summary, because the police essay in marathi model of night book grad school is generally outdated for today’s workforce, and essay in marathi high performers see this flaw before they enroll. But people who are scared to book summary essay, try holding their own in the workforce see grad school as a way around the inevitable difficulties of in marathi finding a job one enjoys. 4. A Ph.D on your resume often makes you look like a poor self-learner. But it’s not just English programs that are dead ends. The Chronicle of Higher Education has reported that one would have had a better chance surviving the night book essay Titanic than getting a job as any type of humanities professor. Humanities PhD programs suck up time and energy with little return.

Most people who go to cafeteria food, grad school for humanities defend their decision by saying they love their topic. But look, if you love your topic, open a book and teach yourself, after work. Night. You don’t need permission, or a graduate degree, to become an expert in something you love. There is little correlation between education and success in the workplace. There is huge correlation between success at work and healthier cafeteria ability to be a self-learner.

5. Business school on your resume makes you look timid. If you went to a top-ten school—top ten in the nation, not in your state—then the selection process is so stringent that it’s meaningful that you were accepted. Put the degree on your resume. For those who went to book summary, business school anywhere else, the of drugs selection process was weak because they make a truckload of book summary essay money from each student admitted. So having made it into healthier, an MBA program there is no big achievement. But really, if you think you’re good at business, why did you dump $100,000 into business school instead of investing it into night book essay, your own company? And even if you wanted to sythesis of drugs, learn about business, there are reams of data proving how you learn faster by having your own company rather than talking about night book essay other peoples’ companies. So putting business school on your resume makes you look like you don’t have faith in yourself. Solution: Leave a gap in spanish grammar, your resume.

Really. Instead of putting your graduate school degree on your resume, it will look better if you focus on the other stuff you were doing during that time. Book Summary. Travel, maybe. Or training for a marathon. Essay Grammar. Or learning to book, dance. You can tell people you took time off from the typical workday life of sitting in front of a computer.

There’s intrinsic value to physically doing something, and you can talk about that when you talk about a gap on your resume. When an interviewer says, “What did you do during this gap?” They don’t mean what did you do every second. They mean, what did you learn? And they want to spanish essay grammar check, hear self-learning, and self-knowledge. They don’t want to night book summary, hear spoon-fed grad-school learning. Some of the hardest parts of adult life are gaining self-knowlege and applying it to get a job that is of drugs, right for book summary essay you.

The best way to healthier cafeteria food, show that you’re a strong performer is to tell the book story of you facing this challenge head on, day after day, year after year. 131 comments on grammar, “ When to leave grad school off your resume ” Couldnt agree more and wish I had your advice 8 years ago when I started an incomplete masters in communications, which is perhaps THE most useless degree. One thing to know is that certain cultursl groups put intense pressure on their kids to book summary, further their education, without realizing that a degree does not equal life experience. Or you can go to nietzsche first good, grad school while your company pays for night summary essay it, while working full time, and while running several marathons/half marathons and being and all around well-enduranced athlete. Tell your interviewer this and you’ll get any job your heart desires…unless of mri thesis course you’re truly not a hard working grinder, then you can just perform one of these at a time :) Much of book summary essay this advice depends on the reader’s ability to answer the interviewers questions thoughfully. Of Drugs. If they can provide a good and reasoned answer to night book essay, what they did in those years then great. But if they’re going to mumble about…um… seeing the world… without concrete examples of where they went and of drugs what they learnt, I’d still leave grad school on the resume. Although I agree with some of the critiques of grad school (too many people are there for the wrong reasons), I advocate putting grad school on your resume–but treat it like any other job.

On my resume, my doctorate shows up at book essay, the very end, under a small education section. But, in the body of my resume, I put down titles like “lecturer” and “doctoral fellow” and then some bullets on what I did for those roles (i.e. “Prepared and topics delivered six 45 minute presentations per week on topics ranging from economic development to book summary, genocide”) Basically, I made my graduate experience fit the requirements for whatever job I was applying. Healthier Cafeteria. Supervising, budget management, public speaking, working to deadline, etc. are all skills honed in grad school. If you make it relevant, anything can be helpful on a resume. I learned that from Penelope Trunk way back in 1998 when I was first figuring out how to night book summary, leverage my graduate experience into sythesis, a meaningful career. I agree with you on night summary, all of the above. There really is such a thing as too much schooling; there is sythesis of drugs, no substitute for real life!

I could name several people I know off the top of night book my head that only between discussion, kept going to school because they had no idea what else to night, do with their lives. Leaving graduate school of your resume for the reasons you listed above are asinine. You should only of drugs, leave grad school of your resume if you can’t connect the book essay skills you gained there with real world jobs, and if you can’t do that (particularly if the grad school you’re leaving off your resume is a phd) then you haven’t tried hard enough. I think this is poor advice. Sythesis. I’ve interviewed for several jobs and interviewed many people to night book, hire, and I’ve never seen it as a bad thing that they went to police in marathi, grad school in an area that doesn’t relate to their field. I actually find that more varied life/study experiences are sometimes better than a person who has only been on one track. I would love to hear some HR experts’ views of the matter or some data on essay, this rather than a collection of the author’s personal opinions. I’m glad your anti-grad school mantra is starting to include “in humanities” or some such.

I have yet to read a post of yours against grad school that was spot-on applicable to the sciences (biosciences in particular). My suspicion is that you don’t know how the biosciences differ from the humanities and difference between ielts I think “open a book and night summary teach yourself” is a pretty good indicator that you do not. Unrelated, I’m curious on your opinion on jobs that require a grad degree in the “humanities.” Specifically, library science. Anything beyond a clerk pretty much requires an MLS/MLIS and police in marathi there are a glut of people that have them, so not having one is a virtual guarantee that you will not get those jobs. In this case, it has nothing to night book, do with learning or knowledge but mere possession of that “accomplishment.” Opening a book won’t get you there. Yet another exception to your anti-grad school rule? My brother is getting a PhD in chemistry. He wants to teach. Spanish Essay. And he is willing to move to any university where he can get a job. So a graduate degree is great for him.

If your brother is getting a PhD in night book summary, chemistry, you should know that most of what he’s doing is “self-learning” and self-directed inquiry, not highly structured coursework. (At least if he’s in a good program.) Exactly. Great point. Science grad school can be self-directed, but only after you get to essay, a pretty high level. Night Summary Essay. Almost all serious grad programs in the sciences start out with qualifying exams where you have to thoroughly learn the core topics in your area. (For chemistry, that might include physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry, for instance.) To start working on a research problem, you usually need some type of guidance from an between discussion essay ielts advisor. The reason is that if you just try to night book, do everything by yourself, you could easily end up replicating work that has already been done (the science literature is vast and there is no way for a young person to absorb all of it), or working on essay in marathi, a problem that is too difficult to solve.

That’s part of the night summary essay reason I think comparing grad school to difference between discussion, self-study is book essay, a little ridiculous. I don’t know what humanities grad school is like, but in the sciences, 99.99% of people would not be able to accomplish what you do in a grad program by themselves. I wish you would qualify things, because you use “grad school” like it is one experience. It’s not. In example: I have a PhD in immunology and though I’m not sure I’d do it again, it’s not for difference argument most of the reasons you specified (many of which don’t apply in the sciences – even though I haven’t stayed in academia and am now in the business world). I sure as hell put my title on my resume, biz card, etc (granted I work in pharma but it’s not really a direct link to my graduate work). Also, a student may pay in wages lost, but a science PhD comes with stipend and no additional debt. Summary Essay. Etc.

I work in a library and quite frankly, I think the MLIS is a waste of mri thesis time PRECISELY BECAUSE. OOPS, sorry for my previous post. I was going to say I work as a clerk in a library the MLIS degree is a waste PRECISELY BECAUSE there is a glut of people out book summary essay, there with these degrees and few positions available. It’s better to find another job or career where there isn’t a glut of of drugs people competing for so few openings. I love your blog and this article especially. I have a question that relates to this post. I spent 5+ years (In my thirties) in night book, the teaching field and healthier food essay I recently returned to the internet sales/marketing world. What would be your resume recommendation for book essay the 5 years I spent as a grad student/teacher? Thanks!

I have been dealing with “gap” issues on my resume last week. I asked to different people to nietzsche essay good good, get different points of view about and figure out a truth in the middle. It is a “physiologic” gap I am expecting within next months, because I am switching from a system to another. Assuming that physiologic should not mean “ok, I am entitled to fool around”, I started to consider it as a PROBLEM, I started to ask advice presenting it as a problem. Essay. Silly mistake, because people will follow your mind track, it is effortless; unless they are ridicolously experienced about…or your best friend.

A very honest potential boss I rely on, told me FILL IT, that’s a must, no gap is the mri thesis topics best. I felt lost. A mentor told me that my career pattern involves some gap. Employers are not supposed to night summary essay, be so strict. A career adviser (ridicolously experienced) in my field, told me “Hey, we saw A LOT of gaps in CVs!you will work anyway” kindly laughing at my serious concerns. Generally speaking, a gap is not the end of the world, but it is qualified as MINUS in spanish check, the that employers use. They could focus on the psychological/second reading on grad school: on a second moment.

At the very first drastic selection, I wouldn’t like to night book summary essay, be excluded because of a white gap…and overridden by chaps with a massive “grad school” filling those white gaps. I would not overcomplicate the way an employer would not. Nevertheless I am grateful for that, just in case I won’t fill an actual gap in difference between discussion essay, a short time: “When an interviewer says, “What did you do during this gap?” They don’t mean what did you do every second. Book Summary Essay. They mean, what did you learn? And they want to hear self-learning, and self-knowledge” I was missing the point, I always assume that employers do not consider you as a person, life living, but as a performer. Pen, I seem to have read most of this post already. Essay. Did you repost some old post of yours, adding stuff? Anyway, I think your advice is too rigid: sometimes it might be ok, sometimes it doesn’t (see comment above).

And I think you value your personal experience too much (see “I went to graduate school for English, which served only to give me a little break from real life.”) In the grand scheme of things, a single experience or event is next to meaningless. I have been in book summary, graduate school for first essay good almost two years, and it was the bets choice I ever made. I will have a “useless” MA in Religious Studies. During this time I honed my writing, research and presentations skills by authoring and night book summary presenting academic papers. Most importantly, I developed the sythesis of drugs self-esteem, self-knowledge and confidence necessary to move back into the workforce with my head held high. I will proudly put The University of ____ on my resume for the next few years. If you can tell a potential employer what you did in graduate school, then wear your useless MA or PhD with pride. ***On a side note, my university has an book essay amazing alumni network that will, hopefully, help increase my chances of finding a job.

The alumni network you reference is one of the foremost reasons for grad school. And if anyone says it’s not worth the in marathi price, then perhaps they aren’t networking properly. Yours may be the most important piece of information in this entire article. The alumni network at whatever institution you attend is summary essay, HUGE, and police essay is one of the most important components of night book top tier schools, especially Ivy League schools. Unfortunately, not all of us can access those networks, and police essay not all schools recognize this and work on it for their current students. It’s the night book summary missing link for most graduates. Here’s the thing Penelope. The types of people who would actually be inclined to leave grad school off of their resumes (especially for the reasons you’ve noted) are not likely the nietzsche first and bad types to night summary, waste their time preparing a stupid resume in the first place, or going for job interviews, for that matter. Food. They’d be much more creative and ambitious in the ways they fulfill their career aspirations.

Ruth, you make a good point. Matbe this post is just insight into how top workplace performers think. Night Book Summary Essay. And in general, the sentiment in the business world is that education is increasingly useless for essay check business. It’s significant, I think, that Silicon Valley is done talking about if business school is night book essay, useless. There is wide consensus that it is, indeed, useless. Sythesis. And Silicon Valley is book summary essay, busy debating whether college is police in marathi, useless. Interesting how the pendulum swings, then.

For a long time you couldn’t get anywhere without a college degree of book some sort unless you had some very unusual and fortunate circumstances. And it’s been common knowledge that most people get jobs unrelated to their undergrad degrees for sythesis of drugs how many decades, now? With the night summary tuition bubble ready to burst in discussion essay, the visible future I can see how people may go back to “I don’t need no stinkin’ school” because they won’t. It’s funny that the “consensus” in summary essay, Silicon Valley is that business school is useless when 90% of people at partner level at spanish essay check, any decent VC firm have MBAs. I’m in business school (and indeed, the summary education aspect is not what I’m here for), and topics 10% of my class (including myself) is starting their own company, and probably another 10% are going to the finance side of night summary tech (VC, PE). Not to mention that the nietzsche first and evil and bad alums I reach out to have overwhelmingly been helpful and summary accomplished amazing things as well. I could post a list of successful entrepreneurs in just the essay last decade who have MBAs, but you’d bring up Mark Zuckerberg or Steve Jobs or some other silly comparison. Look, I understand that relentless preaching of Porter’s five forces and reading HBS case studies isn’t helpful if you’re trying to start your own company — but business school provides the “gap” on your resume where you can refocus on what is important. Night Book Summary Essay. That’s the purpose of any top business school program. Healthier Food. It’s an expensive experience, and you can surely make it big without one, but let’s be honest – most people will not start a company, and less than 5% of people who do will be successful at summary essay, it. Business school gives you the healthier cafeteria food essay piece of mind to be able to start something and fail, because let’s face it – if I’m just a burnout with a failed company, no one is paying me $150K salary to do anything.

This degree ensures that even if my company fails, I can earn at least that much working for someone. In other words, it’s well worth it because you can’t put a price on piece of mind. If you are unemployed you can work as a freelancer in night essay, your field. You can state on your resume that you are the sole proprietor of nietzsche first and evil a business instead of night book essay having gaps. I works for spanish grammar getting interviews but when you get there the jig is up–you will need to have client references–assuming that the hiring manager isn’t offended by having been fooled.

Ellie wrote: “I will have a “useless” MA in Religious Studies. Book. During this time I honed my writing, research and presentations skills by authoring and ielts presenting academic papers… I developed the self-esteem, self-knowledge and confidence necessary to move back into the workforce with my head held high.” Hang onto those pleasant thoughts when you are showing restuarant patrons to summary essay, their tables. Wow, that was not a very kind comment. I already have had several informational interviews and met with potential employers (mostly financial services firms). I have specifically asked about healthier cafeteria essay my degree, and no one has thought my degree will lead to waiting tables. Essay. Maybe it is essay, because of my work experience prior to graduate school? Maybe it because I don’t spend time on internet forums tearing down others? Good luck! As I was completing my engineering degree I went and book essay talked to the head of police essay grad studies in my department. He listened to me, we chatted, then he told me that he didn’t think I was actually interested in grad school, and book summary that he didn’t think researching specializing would benefit me and that I should go to work. (i.e.: join the real world)

After I got over my hurt feelings (you don’t want me??), I realized he was right, I didn’t have any particular passion that I wanted to get more indepth on, I wanted to go to work. Most grad school heads are just seeing the nietzsche first essay and evil $$, this one was at least HONEST with me! Actually for grad school in engineering, physics, chemistry and the like, grad students do not pay for night book their tuition and stipend, the vast majority will receive support from their institution either as research or teaching assistants. They therefore do not bring money to spanish, the institution but cost money (which is well spent in my opinion having known a lot of great, highly motivated grad students). I couldn’t agree more with this post and I went to essay, grad school! Even though I am working in my field I omit grad school from my resume for fear of what conclusions will be drawn about me. They can’t see from my resume that I graduated from sythesis of drugs college at 20 and night book had no idea what to do with my life so I extended college for two years earning my Masters. I often refer to my second degree as my “vanity project”.

I have to admit that I have no idea what negative conclusions could be drawn if you admit to having an healthier essay MS degree. Could you give an example? Grad school or whatever school all have their value. It’s not just about book knowledge, grades, etc., it’s also about experience, people you meet and get to essay, know, and to understand how that part of world (university/academia) works. I can’t really see why it should look bad no matter what kind of jobs you are looking for. Spanish. I agree with a previous comment that this is indeed poor and very biased advice, which may only appeal to people who did go to night book summary, grad schools but somehow regret it for sythesis some reasons=, which in itself isn’t rational thinking anyways. Here’s a way to think about this issue: In grad school you pay to meet people, hone thinking skills, gain confidence, etc. Night Book Essay. In the work world you get those same benefits except someone pays you instead of you paying them. So it should come as no surprise that the people who get paid to do that stuff look like much stronger candidates than the sythesis of drugs people who pay to do that stuff. I see your point, and I (mostly) agree. Prior to graduate school I was miserable.

Every day at work I looked at book summary essay, flights to nietzsche good and evil good, Israel and night book essay imagined grabbing my purse (that held my Passport) and leaving. I was so unhappy, I had no self-esteem, and I felt trapped, angry and frustrated. I am in a program at a *very* good university. Luckily, they offered me a lot of financial aid. Right now, I am happy, optimistic and, hopefully, due to food, the skills and self-esteem I gained in graduate school I will be a good fit for a job. I often say, “Humanities degrees are only as worthless as the people who have them”. “In grad school you pay to night summary essay, meet people, hone thinking skills, gain confidence, etc.” Who the hell does that?

They pay you. Sythesis Of Drugs. I agree, if you went without a full fellowship and stipend you’re an idiot, but those of us who got paid to night book, take a break from the dull jobs we could get out of college should brag about that. Sythesis. I mean, when was the last time someone paid you to night essay, take a break from work and go play for three years? I’m a career counsellor. I have the hardest time finding work for people with a Master’s. Unless you are in police in marathi, a specialized technical field or want to teach at a community college, this degree often doesn’t lead to more opportunity or higher pay. In fact, your extra education means employers have to pay you more and they often don’t want to do that. Yes, but the good ones often do get jobs, and I like to book summary essay, think that I am a good one :). Of course it is harder to find a high-paying job, but they ARE out there and mri thesis employers are willing to pay to get people with good credentials.

I have a MS degree with lots of night summary experience in a scientific career. Essay Check. However, there was a time when I was out of work due to a layoff and I was able to get the low-paying jobs easily. I got an summary essay office job, and I also got a job working in the market at of drugs, Whole Foods. Summary. I think Whole Foods was intrigued that I had a masters degree but wanted to spanish grammar, work there so they gave me my first choice department to work in. Night Book. I have applied for healthier cafeteria essay bookkeeping jobs in the past and night book summary was very well received. You are probably right in topics, general for a mediocre candidate, but I wouldn’t want someone to book essay, NOT get a MS degree because they were afraid they couldn’t get a job when they got out. There are fewer high-paying jobs out sythesis of drugs, there, but if you really want one, you CAN get them. The trick is NETWORKING — not sending out book summary, blind resumes. I went to grad school because I didn’t want to police essay, make the decision whether to stay in night book, England or move back to the US.

Then I spent my time writing a dissertation on the identities of mixed race women in America, and fell in love with Nella Larsen, who in Quicksand followed her heroine as she moves between NYC and Europe and between essay the Deep South looking for fulfillment, and herself, but never finding either. I should have known then what I really wanted. Night Book Essay. And now I’m paying for it, since being in cafeteria essay, the States for night essay that extra year would have made getting my citizenship now just a little bit easier. Why is it more interesting and valuable to healthier food, put on a resume that you learned dancing rather than going to night, grad school? Oftentimes people also “find themselves” in grad school. Police Essay. It’s just another life experience. Book Summary. I can tell you that grad school matured me in very important ways and taught me how to learn on my own and how to pass on first essay and evil, my knowledge to others. I was fairly helpless before grad school and summary after 2 years came out able to solve problems on my own.

Doing original work (data collecting and writing thesis) is of tremendous value, no matter what discipline you are in. Mri Thesis. I admit, if I had a fabulous idea for a business and I had the money to invest in it while supporting myself, it may have paid off and night summary essay I may have learned more than by essay in marathi going to grad school, but that is rare in 22 year-olds. Night Summary. I know my employer would not look favorably upon mri thesis, someone who took 2 years off to discover themselves. Not every company is that forward-thinking. Some of summary us don’t live in Silicon Valley. It all depends on cafeteria essay, where you get your graduate degree, what you study, and where you work after/career aspirations. If you want to do economic research for the World Bank, getting a Harvard Master’s in Economic Development would be very beneficial. The thing about master’s programs is that if you go to night book summary essay, a good school, it will help you more often than not because: 1) You need to achieve a high school on the GRE/GMAT (which shows your capable) 2) That your a hardworker because you have good grades in undergrad 3) it teaches you to critically think in different ways.

Essentially, it’s a screening process. Now, if you do a Master’s at a not top-tier school, it will be less beneficial. I’m glad you started this off with the qualifier of “if you’re not working in the field you studied.” I went to grad school and now have a job in the field I studied; really, what ended up happening was that grad school paid for me to nietzsche essay and evil, spend two years interning and networking (I didn’t pay anything to go). I had to have the essay degree to get anywhere in my field but I wouldn’t have gone if it hadn’t been free. But other jobs I’ve applied for, I’ve definitely left it off. The other thing I’ve found that served me well is, even if you do go to grad school, don’t just do things that can go on your CV or whatever. I also worked a bunch of odd jobs during grad school, which I think works pretty well serving as a gap in my resume. I can talk about police essay being a part-time bookbinder in a library, a UPS driver’s assistant, a speed-reading teacher, and an SAT tutor. There’s some pretty excellent stories from book summary those things that have served me well in interviews. This was the reason I decided not to continue on healthier cafeteria food, with my PhD- I didn’t know what I was doing or why. Summary. Unfortunately my husband thinks it was a bad decision.

But I am ready to work. Sythesis Of Drugs. I was lucky and had a research assistant stipend during my masters program and had all my schooling paid for. I gained valuable experience in research. However, when I went into summary, the peace corps, all that schooling was no longer valuable. However, in difference between discussion, some fields (like if I want to go into school counseling) I will have to eventually get a more advanced degree, as some jobs require it.

I’m getting my MBA at night, work-paid because they said it was either spend 8 years in the lab or 2 years getting an MBA to move into book, a better role. I was wondering what your opinion was of work sponsored graduated degrees? This example seems quite exceptional because you have a guarantee that you will get a job that you absolutely want if you just go to school at night for two years, for free. This is not really what grad school is about in the US. This is essay and evil good and bad, more like what corporate training is about, and it’s why your company is paying for night summary it. Corporate training: Great.

Say yes every time. This is mri thesis topics, basically my story as well, except I’m paying for my own degree. I’m doing it part-time, on top of night my full-time job, to get into a specialized field. My own employer has not told me that I will be promoted once finished, but I’ve been informed elsewhere that I would be hired after finishing. I also live in of drugs, Canada. I’m curious about you opinion — I thought long and hard about this before I started my program, mostly because of things I’ve read and heard from you. A two year unexplained gap is better than a completed graduate degree?

The interviewer (assuming you even get an night summary interview) will assume you did odd jobs? Why would they assume that, instead of assuming you spent the time playing video games in healthier food, your parents’ basement? It’s axiomatic that something is preferable to nothing. Yeah, I was thinking this too…how does a bunch of unmentioned survival jobs – not to mention fake, if that is the assumption – somehow demonstrate direction and summary essay self-guided learning. I think it is very, very good advice to essay in marathi, say: Employers will not be impressed by your grad degree and you will have to sell them on it the night book summary way you would a bunch of essay grammar survival jobs, explaining how you discovered you passion for x thing the company does and how y part of grad school was a place you had to be a quick learner who was proactive.

I think it is night, fine to downplay it. But in most cases I think a two year gap where it might be assumed you sponged off parents/boyfriend/girlfriend and went clubbing a lot is not preferable. You have a strange view of graduate school, in the sense that you believe the majority of people pay for their degrees. Perhaps in terminal master’s programs, but the vast majority of graduate students working towards a PhDs receive stipends and do not pay tuition to get their degree. Even in MBA programs, many, many companies pay for their employees to attend. If you are going to make claims towards paying for graduate degrees, at least limit it to those folks who are doing so! What’s the opportunity cost for getting a PHD? Most PHD programs will require 4 to 8 years to complete.

Stipends really depend upon the program and spanish essay grammar school. Biomedical program = no problem. Humanities program be prepared to supplement your income. Company paid degrees have costs too. Most employers require repayment if you leave within a certain period time. Very few companies will quickly promote someone upon completing an advanced program. I have known many people that decided to book summary, repay their company because they could do much better by going to another employer after graduation. If people do much better by grammar check repaying their employer than that serves to reinforce the point that the essay degree provides some market-place benefit, at difference discussion, least for summary those who aren’t trying to just “cut losses” (for which one would have to discussion essay, wonder why they wouldn’t stay put). Night Book Essay. And sure, opportunity costs can be quite extensive by removing oneself from the market place for topics a period of time. But there can be quite significant opp. costs to NOT getting an night advanced degree in first and evil and bad, one’s field. It is a tricky calculation, but my point is that the blanket analogy that folks are dropping thousands of dollars to pay for their tuition for night essay a graduate degree is just flatly inaccurate in many, many fields.

Others in this board have made the point after me as well. Here’s the thing: most PhD students have teaching assistentships which pay tuition, and a small stipend. First Essay. Most pay maybe $1,000 a month (only for the months you are in classes). Night Book. At least this is the case at our state university here in the South. Anyway. I think the biggest loss is in retirement contributions (there are none), and lost salary during those years. Of Drugs. Who wants to live on $10,000 a year? So yes, school is “free” but no one I know is actually going without incurring debt. They are simply taking out loans to live off of, instead of taking out loans for night tuition. Instinctively, I agree with the point pasted below. Wondering if there is some research to support the point?

“There is huge correlation between success at mri thesis topics, work and book summary ability to police essay in marathi, be a self-learner.” The fastest growing fields are mobile apps, social media and online publishing. Night Summary. People over mri thesis, 35 did not go to school for this stuff. They taught it to themselves, after graduation. I always like to read this kind of thing because I felt bad for years that I didn’t go to graduate school. Truth be told, I wasn’t a good student.

Instead I got a job and got my employer to pay for some training. I have a job I like a lot. Fast forward almost 30 years, the night college smarty-pants I always envied aren’t doing nearly as well as I am. Healthier Food. Turns out well focused technical skills garner more rewards of the essay financial kind. Probably it wasn’t such a bad thing I wasn’t a good student! Gaps in the resumes are the essay hardest times. Instead of sitting in traffic 10 hours a week blaming someone else, you have to night book essay, produce something. Healthier Food Essay. It’s like 2 ordinary day jobs. While I agree with the overarching premise that grad school may not be the silver bullet it used to be and night summary essay going forward appears to be even less of a value with the price of tuition vs. post grad opportunities, the data still bears out the most important thing- those with graduate and professional degrees make more money than those with undergraduate degrees only. Furthermore, the of drugs collaborative skills and networking with other optimizers are the intrinsic returns that being a motivated self-learner can’t give you. How long before this article is book, written about undergrad?

I like when Penelope posts topics like this. I got an MBA in Marketing from healthier cafeteria essay a regionally accredited online school. Night Book Essay. Penelope told me not to mri thesis, get one in a webinar years ago, but I was already half-way through it. Anyway, it’s challenging me to look at how I can make this MBA relevant on my resume. I have been in the teaching field for 10+ years so it is unrelated to my job. I have generated a lot of ideas since reading the post. Thanks Penelope for the post and to Wendy Ph.D for her response about night essay emphasizing Grad School Roles on the resume and placing the Degree on the bottom. The “online” part is what matters here.

At my employer any resume that has a degree from ANY online school goes straight into the round file. Simply happy that you included “gaps” in your post — I needed some resume guidance in this regard. Much appreciated. I went to grad school because I wanted to be a scientist. A PhD in your field is not optional if you want to be a professional scientist. I wanted to be a scientist because I was passionate about science, and at 21 I didn’t know that I was asking myself the wrong questions about how to choose a career field.

Between a scholarship and teaching, I was making money on a par with friends who were freshly in the workforce. A few years into it I figured out that being a professional scientist was not the nietzsche first essay good and bad smartest choice for me (job opportunities and night summary salary), but having come so far I needed to good, finish the degree. In my first post-academic full time job, my salary was equal to what I would have made if I’d stayed on the science career path and worked a post-doc. Summary Essay. I also essentially stepped into topics, a management role without having to pay my dues as an entry level person. If you think working an night book summary entry level job is more ‘adult life’ than doing a PhD, then you are completely clueless about sythesis what PhDs are doing (at least science ones). Night Book Essay. I’ve been on both sides. I can’t think of essay any job working for an employer that has more autonomy, more challenge, and more self-directed learning than was required to do my PhD. Maybe starting your own business would be about the same though. It freaks me out night book, that you’re so clueless, because then probably most my potential employers are clueless too. The trick will be getting people to understand what the hell I was actually doing for those years.

Hint: it doesn’t involve assignments or grades. The Brown Executive MBA program advertisement is the police essay in marathi banner at the top of the night book summary essay page right now. For a second, I thought this was part of the photo art, but no, it is just a moment of in marathi irony. To speak to this post from the perspective of an HR Director, I view gaps in resumes as ‘bad’ if they occur in the middle of night book your career or if they are recent. Mri Thesis. A gap 10 years ago, I don’t care about, so including a graduate degree to fill that time isn’t nearly as relevant. A recent gap however, is better filled with graduate school than left blank because I don’t particularly care if you can dance, sing, weave baskets. I want to be sure you weren’t making license plates for the state for those “gap” years.

Or that you weren’t playing video games in night, mom’s basement. If your education was more than a few years ago and you are working in your field, per Penelope, your degree strengthens your resume so include it. Argument Ielts. If your degree is remotely relevant to your career, I also say include it. If you have never used your degree, including it on night, your resume may actually hurt you for all the reasons Penelope indicated. I want my job candidates to be focused and passionate about their career field of police in marathi choice (be it finance or manual laborer) so the resume should be targeted to display targeted focus and passion. If the grad school makes you well rounded (rather than focused and passionate) exclude it and save mention of your degree for one of night book summary essay those getting to know you conversations with your new boss some time down the sythesis of drugs road. That’s funny.

I’ve been watching the ads, too. Sometimes it drives me nuts that the essay ads are not in line with the editorial content. But I guess that’s the beauty of online advertising vs print advertising. There is charm in the dissonance — like inside joke. Petroleum is a hot field too, though I doubt they’ll hire many humanities students. Grad school is good if you are intellectually inclined – if you desire to make a living of certain abilities, but not on others. And Evil Good. Want to run a business?

Grad school is probably not the way to go. Want to work for Intel or Micron? Get a science PhD, and make sure your BS grades add up to night book summary essay, 3.5 at sythesis, least. Want to become a professor? No way around it, but make sure you have a plan B. Summary. And the percentage of grad students really aiming for the academic route is probably less than 20% – indeed a smaller percentage than to cafeteria food essay, make it off the Titanic alive (that one was about book summary a 1 in three chance). I started reading your blog two years ago as I felt you had something different to say. You looked at situations differently, and made me do the same.

A few times your advice was harsh, but I liked it for sythesis of drugs that. This blog however, is pure ignorance. You are echoing workplace sentiments ofr ‘the real world’, students being childish, scared and ‘bookish’. Your blog says nothing new, it says students could learn more out there while getting paid, instead of in the ‘safe’ environment of essay grades. Police Essay. I could go to any shop, pub or office and hear these same things from people who have never been to book summary, uni and most fervently from those who failed at cafeteria, it. Some employers do carry these ignorant judgements, but some employers are also homophobic and/racist, that doesn’t make it right. Education is summary essay, invaluable in itself, anyone who has gone to grad school, who has chosen their subject because they love it and achieves high results thinks the same as me. Essay. You can make anything work on your cv, I do and I kno others have. Not to mention the many job s which do need the qualification to get into, doing what you love is the most important thing. Night Summary. If you wish to progagate ignorance, then carry on, but we would all benefit from educated bosses and of drugs open minded work colleagues. I have worked and been in book summary essay, education for years, there is a dangerous gap emerging between the narrow minded work mentality and difference between argument essay the educated mentality.

The too focused closed mindedness of work bosses and colleagues causes an environment of summary essay discrimination, judgement, and error. Between Argument Discussion Ielts. The same kind of sentiments I’m coming to see from night your blog. You say ‘read a book’, but out of the environment of education it can be hard to put the learning into context, or know where to learn more. Mri Thesis Topics. An error you have obviously made. Now it is night, my turn to essay good good and bad, make a snap judgement. You say you have authority to say all of night book this because you did an mri thesis English masters, but an English masters is so different from other subjects, as all subjects are different from each other.

If you didn’t benefit from the university environment, then that says more about you then it does education. If you couldnt utilise/tailor the experience on your cv, then it is again an inadequacy on night, your part. In my country (South Africa), an nietzsche first essay and evil good extra year for book summary essay an honours degree is usually helpful and almost never detrimental. It shows that one is capable of working and thinking independently. Also, law in and evil good and bad, SA may be done as a college degree – but the best hires are those who first studied something else, because a law degree on its own (here, anyway) teaches rote learning of rules, whereas a college degree in something challenging teaches independent thinking. However, I am beginning to night, understand why Penelope argues against going to grad school – in America. Since the quality is very similar across schools in mri thesis, SA, it doesn’t really matter which university someone went to. But I have a friend who moved to the US to do a second Master’s degree, since she felt that an night American degree would be more respected.

She took the first school that accepted her, which was not an nietzsche first good and evil good Ivy League school. To her surprise, she found the American Master’s degree less challenging than even college had been, never mind honours and her first masters, and her final paper was required to be the length of a second-year term paper at college. It seems my friend’s American masters IS going to be useless – but her South African one was not, and got her a job which will be waiting for essay her when she returns. If you went to grad school but didn’t finish, leave it off. Killing time because you were lost, whether in grad school or somewhere else, doesn’t help your resume. Of Drugs. If you graduated, that at least demonstrates that you can pursue a goal to completion, even if the goal itself is of dubious value. I disagree. My MA in museum administration may appear useless in my current career in communications in the financial industry, but in fact that graduate degree prepared me for the working world in a way that an undergraduate degree never could. I engaged in a much higher level of critical thinking and analysis, authored more in depth research papers, and honed my communications skills.

The fact that someone committed to higher education should never count against night book summary them. Previously I worked in the arts and humanities field and no one would even consider you for a position if you did not have at police in marathi, least one graduate degree. I agree with you. Higher education should not count against anyone. I wonder what happens when someone, who dropped the degree in the interview process, later sees an opportunity at the company in which master degreed individuals are competing.

Do they suddenly pull their masters degree out book essay, of the hat? I totally agree with you about grad school, with one acceptation. If you are looking for a job as a teacher (at least in my state) you don’t even get in the door without a masters in education. It is not my field…but I was at a friend’s house and police looking at his screening check list (he is a principal) and they have hundreds of candidates and you don’t make the first cut without a masters in education..and several other criteria. Interesting post, although there are definitely parts of this that I disagree with. I did an MA in Women’s Studies because I thought I wanted to become a university professor, and the MA was a necessary step in summary essay, that career trajectory. However, after re-entering academia (I worked for 3 years in between degrees) I realized I preferred working in the non-profit sector. My degree was only 1 year, and healthier cafeteria essay was mostly funded, so I’m glad I did it. Otherwise, I always would have felt that I hadn’t pursued my dream of becoming an academic.

Interestingly, although Women’s Studies is night book, probably seen as a ‘useless’ degree by many, I’ve found it’s been really helpful for the sorts of jobs I’ve pursued (working at a homeless shelter for women, working on a violence prevention program for girls, and providing counselling and topics support to families affected by intellectual disabilities). Book Summary. Having an MA helps set me apart from other candidates, although I also make a point to really show how what I learned during my schooling is relevant to each job that I’m applying for. Of course, having really great work experience has probably been more important to my success than having an healthier cafeteria essay MA (although being able to say that I assisted with a course on night summary, women’s health while doing my MA – including units on mental health, racism in the health care system, and women with disabilities – has been great for interviews in the non-profit sector). Essay And Evil Good. I guess my point is just that it really depends on what sorts of jobs you want, and that including grad school can be useful, as long as you can show it’s relevant (even if not directly related) to book summary essay, whatever job you want. PHDs are meant to be the training grounds for grammar someone to become a researcher (probably life long) in their field of study. If you want to be a scientist, medicial researcher or other various research type jobs; a PHD aligns nicely with that goal. However, if you apply for night essay one of argument essay ielts my lower level finance jobs after recently completing your PHD (Yes, I have seen this with nearly every job posting – even postings before the recession) ; I will make some assumptions. First I’m going to assume that you are not very good at what you do – otherwise you would be employed in your preferred field of research. Book Essay. This makes you a bigger risk than the other candidates in sythesis of drugs, the pool because I do not know if you can do better in this field. My other assumption will be that you are good in your field but you are burnt out or have other issues that are preventing employment in your field.

Again that makes you a look risk. I do not want to be someone’s defacto therapy program. I might be passing up good candidates by doing this. However, I’m always able to find good candidates. If you have work experience after the PHD program, I will focus upon that work experience and not worry about the PHD. This is a bunch of you know what. Before I had my M.S. Summary Essay. degree I had a problem finding a job due to recession. I was recruited to difference between discussion essay, do many projects that fell through.

People who were in my graduate program just 3-5 years before me would get a ton of projects to work on, even without interviewing for them. Those were the times when consulting firms needed grad students to help them with qualitative research or writing. These projects gave these people a lot of experienced that prepared them for their future roles. I wasn’t that lucky, while I and my colleagues were recruited we didn’t get to do as many projects because many got cancelled during recession. Because of that I had a gap and didn’t earn that experience but I would be happy to start in book summary essay, an entry level job. I am committed to all projects I’m doing, I’m smart, very innovative, very organized and sythesis I improve the projects that I work on.

It’s sad to essay, see that instead of doing your job and recruiting the best candidate, you are making assumptions that haven’t been confirmed by research. In many cases those assumptions are not even true. You should actually be happy that someone has the grammar humility to night book summary essay, start from the essay in marathi entry-level. I think that says something better about one’s character than when someone is lying on night book, their resume. Ms.

Trunk: In the middle ages they used to burn heretics at the stake. I wonder if there are people in first essay good and bad, the higher education industry who read this and secretly would like to do this to you? Did not the venerable Bill Gates drop out of night summary essay M.I.T.? I wonder what he puts on his resume? I wonder what his credit score is? Maybe in high school all guidance counselors should ask each freshmen, “if everyone got paid the same. what would you do”? Trite yes but maybe not.

Gaps in your resume are great! It’s an police in marathi opportunity to tell an interesting story and differentiate yourself from other candidates. It’s a chance to make yourself memorable. I am a Queen of resume gaps. Night Summary. I used to stress out about it not knowing how to present them in an interview. And then I tried a different approach. Essay. I started seeing them for night what they truly were: opportunities.

Every gap was a chance for me to reinvent myself, gain a new perspective, do something completely different and push my comfort zone. Police. I think it’s much worse to stay in some job you absolutely cannot stand and night book essay cringe and the thought of Monday morning, but you “tough it out” because how are you going to explain those resume gaps? (recognize that’s probably your dad’s voice in your head) You are not learning anything besides how to be miserable for spanish essay grammar eight hours a day. Have the book essay guts to quit. Try something completely different. Fail. And then sell that to your next employer.

Because who does not want to hear a good story? Your comment about gaps being an opportunity to be memorable in an interview – that’s great and so on target. Okay, you believe graduate school is essay good and evil good and bad, a bad choice for most people. (I don’t necessarily disagree.) But there is a problem in the educational system that makes grad school a requirement for some. High school has been dumbed down so much over the past 60 years or so that a high-school diploma is virtually worthless now. It proves you had a pulse and book summary essay didn’t get kicked out of between argument discussion school.

Because high school diplomas are given away the way AOL compact discs used to night summary, be, people have to essay in marathi, go to college just for a basic education. Most bachelor’s degrees prove that the recipient is trainable, and that’s all. High school diplomas don’t even prove that. So the problem is summary essay, that people who need to grammar, show more than trainability are going to have to pick up that academic knowledge that they should have acquired in their undergrad years somewhere else — either in graduate courses or from their company’s training department. If you went to a good school (top 5 or top 10) people will be interested in your graduate work. If not- you need to aim higher. I am job hunting/career changing right now, and the best companies are very interested in my graduate work. Furthermore, the night book alumni network is amazing. How about leave a mediocre graduate school off your resume?

P. Healthier Cafeteria Food Essay. I think you are getting a little OCD on this subject, but aside from that, here is my take on the discussion: first of all, misrepresenting yourself on a resume(even by omission) is always a bad idea, for too many reasons to essay, go into, but mostly unless you are a really good liar, or maybe a really good actor, you will be sniffed out by any interviewer with any experience and qualifications for their position. Secondly, you are over-looking the fact that graduate degrees in most fields, at bona fide universities, are really difficult to complete successfully. The world is full of DNF degrees, including the Bill Gates examples. They are the exception, not the rule. You should be proud of making it through. The problem is no one ever told you that one of the most important parts of getting a degree is the essay in marathi job of putting it to work for you when you are done. This is night book essay, one of the questions you should ask yourself, and others, before you dive in: are you really positioned to make it work for you, and how are you going to do it? Lastly, if you are using Human Resources people to plot out your life’s journey, you aren’t exactly getting your advice from the topics best resources available.

You are most likely not dealing with unbiased individuals, probably with people who have no degrees at all, much less a master’s or Phd. Even if you do feel like it was a personal mistake, what is so awful about book summary admitting that and nietzsche essay and evil developing a way to express that and build on night book essay, it? There are plenty of sythesis of drugs people who ended up on summary, different paths from the one they started out on. It’s not something you should go through life being ashamed of. If you are applying for positions that disdain higher level degrees, you are aiming too low. You should be re-thinking your job goals,not your educational history. Great post Penelope.

I run into more people during my work in federal accounting who are impressed at how smart I am regardless of my graduate degrees or related accounting certifications. Being young and competent in sythesis of drugs, the workplace has its advantages and grad school delays or gets rid of that possibility. This post reminds me of night book summary a small article a while back in the local Palo Alto rag where someone asked: “Why would anyone in their right mind buy a home in Palo alto right now, when they can rent for argument less” or something like that. Book. It was essentially a discussion on the economic wisdom/efficiency of owning versus renting given the huge cost of buying a home in the bay area. There were something like 10,000 responses to difference between argument, that in the comments sections in something like 24 hours, and the responses fell on the side of night book those who owned already versus those who would normally buy but wouldn’t under the police essay in marathi current market conditions. It was a very divisive subject, and night book essay drew a huge response. That’s about the same thing that is happening with this subject. I agree with you. Essay. Unless you are in a field where a Masters Degree/Ph D is critical (Medical/Science) do not put it on your resume. I’ve been on both ends of the summary spectrum as the one who is hired and the one who is doing the hiring. In every company I worked for, the top management either had only some college or graduated from mri thesis topics college and have one year of business school under the belts.

They do not want to hire someone with more education then themselves, in fact I’ve actaully been told that by one COO. Most upper management have college age children who are or anticipates to book summary essay, get the master’s degree and all they see is their children putting off work while draining their pockets and other mouting school debt(and keeping them on mri thesis topics, their health insurance for as long as possible which keeps their premiums up high) Putting that info on your resume just reminds them of this and your resume goes on the bottom of the list. Sad and unfair, but true.

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7 Common MBA Essay Questions and book summary essay, How to Tackle Them. There are a handful of business school essay questions that seem to capture the police essay in marathi heart and imagination of many an MBA program. It seems that, across the board, admissions committees feel these queries offer the best insight into the minds of their applicants. You are likely to see a version of one or more of these common MBA essay questions on your b-school application. These tips will help you craft the book summary perfect answer. 1. Describe your specific career aspirations and nietzsche first good and evil good, your reason for pursuing an night summary essay, MBA. Nietzsche And Evil Good And Bad! This may be the book summary essay most important essay question you tackle. You must convince the admissions committee that you deserve one of of drugs their few, cherished spots.

Reference your background, skills, and career aspirations, demonstrating how this degree is a bridge to night the next step in your professional life. Nietzsche Good And Evil And Bad! Be sure to speak to how this particular program will help you realize your potential. It's okay to present modest goals. Deepening your expertise and broadening your perspective are solid reasons for night book essay pursuing this degree. If you aspire to lofty goals, like becoming a CEO or starting your own company, be careful to detail a sensible (read: realistic), pragmatic plan. 2. What are your principal interests outside of work or school? What leisure and/or community activities do you particularly enjoy?

There's more to b-school than the library. The best programs buzz with the energy of a student body that is talented and creative and bursting with personality. These students are not just about case studies and careers. Describe how you will be a unique addition to the business school community. B-school is also a very social experience. Much of the work is done in groups. Weekends are full of social gatherings or immersion experiences, and the networking you do here will impact the rest of your career. Communicate that people, not just your job, are an important part of your life. The admissions committee wants to know the argument discussion ielts qualities, attributes and night book essay, strengths you value in others and hope to embrace. Drive, discipline and vision are fine examples but try and look beyond these conventional characteristics.

Tell a story and difference between argument discussion, provide specific examples. If you choose someone famous (which is fine), remember that you risk being one of night book summary essay many in the pile. Instead, consider a current boss, business associate, or friend. Know that your choice of first good good person is less important than what you say about him or her. 4. Describe a situation in which you led a team. What challenges did you face, and book essay, how did you overcome them?

The committee isn't looking to see how you saved the team through your heroic efforts (so put yourself on healthier cafeteria food ego alert). Night! They want to see how you helped foster an environment in which everyone contributes, illustrating that the sum is sythesis, greater than its parts. B-schools like leaders, but they like leaders who can help everyone get along and arrive at summary, a collaborative solution. You should shift gears for this question. Almost the entire application process thus far has asked you to showcase me-me-me. Now the focus of of drugs your story needs to be on the we and how you made the we happen.

5. Our business school is a diverse environment. How will your experiences contribute to this? This essay gets at two concerns for the admissions committee: (1) how will you enrich the student body at this school and (2) what is your attitude toward others' diverse backgrounds? Diversity comes in many shapes. If a grandparent or relative is an immigrant to night book this country, you can discuss the impact of his or her values on nietzsche first essay good your life. Perhaps you are the first individual in night book your family to attend college or graduate school. Maybe you are involved in nietzsche first good and evil a meaningful or unusual extracurricular activity. Night Book Essay! Whatever you choose to write, it's vital that you discuss how it contributes to your unique perspective. 6. Good! Describe a personal achievement that has had a significant impact on your life. Don't pull your hair out just because you haven't founded a successful start-up or swum across the English Channel.

Smaller accomplishments with a lot of summary essay personal significance are just fine if they demonstrate character, sacrifice, humility, dedication, or perseverance. A good essay describes how you reached a personal objective and what that meant to you. Maybe you didn't lead a sports team to a victory. Maybe the victory was that you made it onto the team . 7. Discuss a non-academic personal failure. What did you learn from the experience? Many applicants make the mistake of answering this question with a failure that is really a positive. Or they never really answer the question, fearful that any admission of failure will throw their whole candidacy into jeopardy. Don't get crafty. You should answer with a genuine mistake that the committee will recognize as authentic. Write about a failure that had some high stakes for you.

Demonstrate what you learned from your mistake and how it helped you mature. This is a chance to show b-schools your ability to be honest, show accountability, and face your failures head-on. Take a GMAT practice test with us under the same conditions as the spanish essay check real thing. You'll get a personalized score report highlighting your strengths and areas of improvement. Night! The Staff of The Princeton Review. Our world-class GMAT prep will get you ready for test day. Spanish Essay! Find MBA Programs Matched to Your Interests. Explore our featured business schools to find those that are looking for night book students like you. On a mission to increase your salary? Check out healthier cafeteria essay, our Top 25 Online MBA ranking based on academics, career outcomes, tech platforms, and more. Find out which schools have the best track records for getting students jobsand the highest starting salaries.

Ready to build your own business from the night book ground up? Check out these 50 graduate and undergraduate programs. We know that great scores take work. That's why we design our courses to be efficient, targeted and strategic so you make the most of every minute you spend prepping. Our experts know how to design lessons based on how you're learning. That means we don't just record classroom lessons and put them in mri thesis topics our Self-Paced prepwe design lessons FOR Self-Paced. We love our teachers, and so will you. We look for proven expertise and night, a sense of humor, and that's BEFORE we put them through 40 hours of training!

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common resume myths The information on this website is in night book summary the public domain. No permission is required to quote, use, distribute or republish. Common Myths About The Purple Heart Medal. (This Information Site is cafeteria essay, Continually Updated.) The PH medal can be awarded to anyone who is hurt in a war zone. Not true. Essay. The PH medal can legally be authorized to only three groups of personnel: One, those wounded or injured as a direct result of hostile enemy action. Second, those wounded or injured as a direct result of friendly fire (FF). Sythesis Of Drugs. (Broadly speaking, FF occurs only summary during a hostile encounter or initiative with, or in response to, an enemy when someone on your side mistakes you for the enemy.) Or when injured by your own non-projectile weapon (bayonet, sword, blunt instrument, etc.) or projectile weapons fire (bullet, explosive device, etc) while engaging, responding to sythesis of drugs, or attacking an enemy. And third, POWs injured or wounded as a result of individually directed conflict or punishment with their captor in violation of any article of the Geneva Convention Rules of Warfare Concerning the book, Treatment of sythesis Prisoners of War whether or not the captor's government is a signatory to the Convention.

All POWs are eligible for the PH. Not true. See Option Three in the above regulation. The type of wound/injury or degree of wound/injury is used as a factor in authorizing the PH. Not true. The amount/level/degree of a persons wound or injury is book summary essay, never a factor.

When establishing the PH General George Washington made it absolutely clear that awarding/authorizing officers were not permitted to make personal judgments based on how more or less serious a wound or injury appeared, and that being wounded in combat -- by any degree -- was a true distinction of difference discussion essay military merit. Since General Washington's original decision no president, military or Congressional authority has found it necessary to change the night book, PH's issue regulation policy . (See Also, Footnote 1; And the U.S. Essay Good And Evil Good. Army's history of the Purple Heart: A non-blood loss injury such as TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) caused by IED concussion merits the Purple Heart. True. Night Book. Any enemy inflicted wound, whether or not there is observable blood loss, merits the Purple Heart. Essay. (Invisible) brain injury caused by an enemy-inflicted concussion or blow, such as an night book summary, IED explosin, that renders the serviceperson even temporarily incapacitated is a wound even though brain trauma is not is not immediately visible to the eye. Topics. Battlefield medics can, however, conduct a simple eye exam using a flashlight to determine optical (pupil dialation) response.

Pupils that do not contract in response to light stimulus is indicative of night book summary a temporary or permanent brain injury/wound. More extensive brain injury/wound tests can be conducted by base hospital personnel. A person who accidentally shoots himself or is shot by a unit member while cleaning a weapon in a war zone can receive the nietzsche essay good and evil and bad, PH. Not true. Accidental shootings that do not involve an engagement with an enemy are workplace accidents. Commanders (officer or enlisted) that are wounded or injured by subordinates or superiors (whether or not military weapons are used) in incidents commonly referred to as fragging are eligible for the PH. Not true. Fraggings are criminal incidents.

They are neither enemy nor friendly fire related even if the night summary, motivation for the 'fragging' was due to a real-time or previous enemy-related situation. Injuries that don't break the skin or cause bleeding are not eligible for the PH. Not true. Any non-bleeding enemy inflicted or friendly fire wound or injury, such as electrical, gas, concussion, suffocation, etc., are PH-eligible. The PH cannot be awarded posthumously or after discharge from military service. Not true. The majority of (but not necessarily all) combat deaths are automatically awarded the sythesis of drugs, PH. Enemy or FF injured/wounded veterans who did not receive the book summary, PH prior to their discharge may, if eligible, successfully petition their service department's Awards Branch for first good and evil good and bad, post-service award to a discharged veteran. The Military Records Center can only issue authorization for awards that were negligently not recorded on book summary essay, the Report of Separation, or those awards automatically authorized by 'class-action' to a specified classification of personnel via Executive Order (such as the National Defense Service Medal, the Global War on Terrorism Medal(s), etc. (See URL: http:/ Please note that the each of the four (five during wartime) Service Branches (USA, USAF, USCG, USMC, USN) have their own Awards Branch.

The Awards Branch is the mri thesis topics, ONLY legal agency that can authorize a post-service military award. Only in essay specific cases of a previously rejected application or recommendation can a Review Board authorize a post-service medal to a discharged veteran. A serviceperson can put themself in for the PH. Not true. There is only one medal in the United States military inventory that allows a serviceperson to recommend him/herself.

That medal is the Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal. No serviceperson can recommend themself (now or any time in the past) for sythesis, the PH or any other medal. An injured/wounded person does not have to be seen by a doctor or medic to night book summary essay, be eligible for the PH. Not true. Other than being wounded or injured by enemy or friendly fire, the serviceperson's wound/injury must be treated by a military or military certified medical person at cafeteria the time or shortly after injury. Shortly is defined as the first possible OR available opportunity while currently assigned in the war theater. A serviceperson can author his/her own After Action report that can be used solely as a basis for awarding a PH or other medal. Not true.

A written or oral After Action report must either be personally authored OR personally verified/approved by the senior military person on summary essay, the scene at the time of the incident. If the recipient was the sythesis, most senior ranking person on the scene the awarding officer must ascertain confirmation from all other personnel (regardless of their rank) on the scene at the time of occurrence. A citation is always written for PH awards. Not true. Citations are very rarely written for PH awards.

A display certificate is book essay, always issued for PH awards. Not true. Sythesis. Although Display Certificates are authorized, the military has never been obligated/required by book summary, Congress to issue a display certificate. Cafeteria Food. Neither is the PH recipient due a display certificate. Display certificates issued to active duty personnel occurs only when the summary, local command possesses certificates to issue. (Prior to 1995 the government was not required to issue a full-sized medal.) The only military display certificate required by Congress for essay good and bad, mandatory issue is Medal of Honor. (For info on book summary, the PH replacement recognition, see this page: The government maintains a list of all PH recipients. Not true.

The only military medal list authorized/budgeted by Congress is Medal of Honor. The only service branch that maintains a tape of its PH recipients is the Marine Corps (due to the small size of the Corps). However, Marine Corps 'tapes' of PH recipients is neither required by Congress to sythesis of drugs, be publicly accessible nor utilizable to book summary essay, confirm authorization or award eligibility.) Marine Corps 'tapes' are used solely for internal audit purposes. The Army, Air Forces, Navy and Coast Guard does not maintain a historic list of topics its PH recipients. The federal government must replace lost or stolen PH medals.

Not true. Military medals are issued only one time. If a PH medal was never issued ONLY the recipient or a direct family member [if the recipient is infirm or deceased] may apply for a first-time issue. Replacement medals can by purchased from any military medal retailer. Only those replacement medals sold by retailers that meet official United States government specifications may/must state on book summary, their packaging that they are Official medals.

The only Official PH medals are those issued by the government. Not true. The only metallic entity manufactured by the United States government for public distribution are currency coins. Sythesis. Military medals, like military weapons and other military equipment, are manufactured by private industry. See the above reference for information on the 'officiality' of U.S. military medals. Any family member may request a medal replacement. Not true. Military medals and information from veteran's military files can legally be requested only from the book essay, following individuals that are related to active military personnel (this includes Reservists and Guardspeople) and veterans: Parents, siblings, children.

However, under the Freedom of Information Act other relatives are not completely excluded from applying for nietzsche first essay, information if there are no other living relatives in summary the above-listed category (parents, siblings, children.) My Representative or Senator can get me the medal or record information I want. and get them faster than I can. Not true. (House of) Representatives and Senators should not be asked to assist in obtaining record information or medals unless their assistance is absolutely necessary in cases of disputes, irregularity, discrimination, or lack of in marathi response from the Records Center (which very rarely occurs. Although the Records Center in St. Louis MO is perpetually inundated with an overload of requests for medals or information, the Military Records Center has a long history of excellent responsiveness in fulfilling requests just as quickly as its limited budget and manpower availability [during wartime] permits.) Although some elected officials may offer themselves as advocates for record or medal retrieval during re-election seasons, authorized information or medal applicants can apply themselves using form SF-180.

See URL: http:/ (House of) Representatives and Senators are best utilized for issues that cannot be accomplished after all other efforts have failed. Employers must give hiring preference to PH recipients. Not true. Although many Local, State and night summary Federal agencies do provide bonus job application points to employment applicants. Healthier Food. There is book summary, no federal law requiring private employers to give hiring preference to PH recipients.

Employers can demand to of drugs, see my DD-214 to verify I am a PH recipient. Not true. The only private employers who can ask to look at your DD-214 or Report of Separation are those whose job applications specifically ask you if you served in the military AND/OR if you have a service connected disability, Private employers that do not perform federal contract work may not legally retain a copy of your DD-214 in your employment file. However, private employers whose job applications do not ask if you served in night essay the military are permitted to examine a copy of your DD-214 if you have responded or stated either orally or in your written resume that you served in the military. Anyone can possess a PH medal or PH certificate. True. However, it is a punishable federal offense to possess any military medal or medal certificate that you fraudulently claim you are the official recipient of. Anyone who falsely misrepresents or claims they are the nietzsche first and evil good, legal recipient of a United States or foreign military medal or certificate is subject to severe prosecution and penalty. Family members and night book summary collectors may legally possess military medals and certificates authorized or awarded to legal recipients.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation is authorized by Congress to mri thesis, investigate any case of military medal misrepresentation. Night Book Essay. The United States Attorneys Office under the United States Justice Department is authorized by Congress to prosecute cases of military medal defalcation to the fullest extent of current law. All military medals are issued with the nietzsche first essay good good and bad, name of the recipient engraved on night summary essay, the back of the sythesis, medal. Not true. Only in very rare cases are medals officially issued with the engraved name of the recipient. Book Summary Essay. However, recipients and family members are authorized to have medals engraved with the police essay, name of the legally authorized recipient. Medals currently issued by book summary, the Military Records Center and military units are not engraved except in very rare instances. Medal applicants may not, repeat not, request an engraved medal from the Records Center or any military branch.

Engraving, when done, is done only sythesis of drugs rarely by those military commands that both possess engraving equipment and available personnel to perform the task. A V for essay, Valor can be awarded with a PH medal. If I find a PH medal that medal now belongs to me. Not true. Lost medals (or any other military item) remains the permanent property of the United States government. Found items should be mailed along with a letter identifying the finder and mri thesis the location where the item was found to the following address:

The Secretary of Defense. Washington DC 20301. If I find a PH medal it's okay for me to look for the owner. Not true. Found items should be mailed with a report to the address above. If I buy a PH medal that once belonged to a veteran I can ask the summary essay, veteran or his family to compensate me for the money I spent when I return the healthier cafeteria, medal to them. No.

United States military medals hold an exalted place in our society. The military recipient of that medal gave part of him or herself. A good citizen should feel patriotic in restoring a lost item to a recipient. Night Book Summary. Whenever you see a pre-owned military medal being sold you should ask the seller to please return the medal to the Secretary of Defense at difference ielts the address listed above. The VA has diagnosed I have PTSD. Book Essay. I am eligible for the PH. Not true. War related PTSD is a psychological-rooted condition that may or may not manifest physical symptoms based on a singular or multiple incidents resulting from real, imagined, or combination of real and between argument discussion imagined memories that an individual claims or believes they are unable (or unwilling) to night summary, resolve unless perpetual therapeutic and/or financial assistance is provided them. However, regardless of any physical ailments or manifestations associated with war-related PTSD this psychologically based condition is neither a wound nor injury caused by enemy or friendly fire. PTSD is a negative by-product of a human memory phenomenon that occurs normally but can some times be attached by the individual to first good and evil good, an unwanted memory or series of conscious or unconscious memories that if obsessed can lead to physical symptoms such as irritability, sleeplessness, bedwetting, aberrant, unsociable or anti-social behavior, etc. Essay. PTSD is difference between discussion ielts, strictly an book essay, individual condition that is not shared by first good and evil and bad, everyone experiencing the same or similar wartime incidents.

That is, if all members of a platoon are shot at the same time by an enemy they will all suffer gunshot wounds. But if all members of a platoon experience a psychologically upsetting situation not all will later claim symptoms typically diagnosed as PTSD. Lastly, the physical symptoms claimed by PTSD petitioners were never medically certified at book the time the claimant asserts precipitated them. Both the Department of difference ielts Defense (DOD) and Congress have relied on night, objective scientific studies to conclude that PTSD is neither an in marathi, enemy or friendly fire inflicted wound or injury. The Department of Veterans Affairs provides treatment and/or compensation for diagnosed cases of PTSD. No United States military medal has ever been established by DOD or Congress for post-service psychological based symptomatic disorders. Previous petitions by night summary essay, veterans or veterans groups to make this condition eligible for a new or existing medal were not approved. The VA has diagnosed I have Agent Orange (AO). I am eligible for the PH. Not true. Topics. AO was a herbicide used to night book summary, defoliate dense vegetation to deny secluded transportation and refuge to the enemy.

AO was never intended to be used, nor used, as an anti-personnel weapon. Advocates seeking to have their AO-related physical ailments judged as wounds or injuries of argument essay ielts war have irresponsibly and incorrectly subscribed (often deliberately) to the myth that all adverse physical conditions that can be directly attributed to summary essay, a theater of war are eligible for the PH. Both the Department of Defense and essay grammar check Congress have relied on objective scientific studies to conclude that AO is neither an night book essay, enemy or friendly fire inflicted wound or injury. The Department of Veterans Affairs provides treatment and/or compensation for grammar, diagnosed cases of herbicide-related toxicity. No United States military medal has ever been established by essay, DOD or Congress for physical conditions that may be associated with herbicide contact. Previous petitions by veterans or veterans groups to make this condition eligible for a new or existing medal were not approved. A soldier in a war zone who is injured or wounded by the richochet of his own bullet, grenade, missile or fragment of either is essay good and bad, eligible for the PH. True if the night book summary essay, soldier was firing his weapon at mri thesis an enemy. Night. Not true if the soldier did not fire his weapon at healthier cafeteria food essay the enemy. A soldier firing at an enemy in book summary a war zone who is injured when the sythesis, kick of night book essay his rifle or gun recoils against him is sythesis, eligible for the PH.

Not true. When firing his weapon at the enemy it is the projectile (bullet, missile, etc) and night essay not the police essay, rifle or gun butt that is the soldier's instrument intended to negate the success of an enemy. Soldiers are trained to prevent avoidable recoil injuries. Summary Essay. Soldiers cannot be trained to avoid bullet ricochets. See the above regulation. A soldier who suffers injury while jumping off or out of a vehicle or structure to sythesis, avoid being injured or captured by an enemy is eligible for the PH. Not true in summary essay a majority of essay grammar check cases. This type of injury is night summary essay, a generally classified as a 'workplace accident'.

However, there are some minor circumstances depending on an enemy-involved incident that may render the injured eligible for the PH. A soldier who suffers injury from being blown out of or off a vehicle or structure as a result of spanish check enemy or friendly (fire) explosive concussion is eligible for the PH. True in night summary all cases. A soldier wounded or injured by a secondary object (not a bullet or missile) during an argument discussion essay ielts, enemy attack is eligible for book summary essay, the PH. True. Example: An enemy or friendly (fire) missile explosion during an sythesis of drugs, egagement with the enemy knocks down a tree that falls on the soldier causing injury. The Purple Heart can be authorized to a member of the Merchant Marine. Not true.

The Merchant Marine is a civilian agency. The Mariners Medal is the night book summary, Merchant Marine's equivalent to the military Purple Heart. Additional topics will be added as they are received. The American War Library. 14817-C Chadron Avenue. Gardena CA 90249. a. The original Purple Heart, designated as the Badge of Military Merit, was established by General George Washington by spanish grammar, order from his headquarters at Newburgh, New York, August 7, 1782. The writings of General Washington quoted in part:

The General ever desirous to cherish a virtuous ambition in his soldiers, as well as to foster and encourage every species of Military Merit, directs that whenever any singularly meritorious action is performed, the author of it shall be permitted to wear on his facings over night book summary the left breast, the figure of a heart in purple cloth or silk, edged with narrow lace or binding. Not only instances of unusual gallantry, but also of extraordinary fidelity and essential service in any way shall meet with a due reward. b. So far as the known surviving records show, this honor badge was granted to only three men, all of mri thesis them noncommissioned officers: Sergeant Daniel Bissell of the 2d Connecticut Regiment of the Continental Line; Sergeant William Brown of the night, 5th Connecticut Regiment of the grammar check, Continental Line, and Sergeant Elijah Churchill of the night essay, 2d Continental Dragoons, which was also a Connecticut Regiment. The original Purple Heart depicted on the first page is a copy of the badge awarded to difference between discussion essay, Sergeant Elijah Churchill and night essay is now owned by the New Windsor Cantonment, National Temple Hill Association, PO Box 525, Vails Gate, NY 12584. Good Good And Bad. The only book other known original badge is the badge awarded to Sergeant William Brown and is in the possession of The Society of the Cincinnati, New Hampshire Branch but differs in design by not having any lettering embroidered on the heart and the leaves are at the top only with a larger spray of leaves at the base. c. First Essay And Evil And Bad. Subsequent to book, the Revolution, the Order of the Purple Heart had fallen into disuse and no further awards were made. Between Discussion. By Order of the President of the United States, the night, Purple Heart was revived on the 200th Anniversary of George Washington's birth, out of respect to his memory and military achievements, by War Department General Orders No. 3, dated 22 February 1932. The criteria was announced in War Department Circular dated 22 February 1932 and authorized award to mri thesis, soldiers, upon their request, who had been awarded the Meritorious Service Citation Certificate or were authorized to wear wound chevrons subsequent to essay, 5 April 1917. d. During the healthier food essay, early period of World War II (7 Dec 41 to 22 Sep 43), the Purple Heart was awarded both for wounds received in action against the enemy and for meritorious performance of duty.

With the establishment of the Legion of Merit, by an Act of Congress, the practice of awarding the night book, Purple Heart for meritorious service was discontinued. By Executive Order 9277, dated 3 December 1942, the decoration was extended to be applicable to all services and the order required that regulations of the Services be uniform in application as far as practicable. This executive order also authorized award only for wounds received. e. Executive Order 10409, dated 12 February 1952, revised authorizations to include the Service Secretaries subject to approval of the Secretary of Defense. Executive Order 11016, dated 25 April 1962, included provisions for posthumous award of the Purple Heart. Executive Order 12464, dated 23 February 1984, authorized award of the nietzsche first good and evil and bad, Purple Heart as a result of terrorist attacks or while serving as part of a peacekeeping force subsequent to 28 March 1973. f. Night Essay. The Senate approved an amendment to the 1985 Defense Authorization Bill on 13 June 1985, which changed the precedent from immediately above the Good Conduct Medal to in marathi, immediately above the Meritorious Service Medals.

Public Law 99-145 authorized the award for summary essay, wounds received as a result of essay grammar check friendly fire. Night Essay. Public Law 104-106 expanded the eligibility date, authorizing award of the Purple Heart to a former prisoner of war who was wounded before 25 April 1962. g. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year1998 (Public Law 105-85) changed the criteria to delete authorization for award of the Purple Heart Medal to any civilian national of the United States while serving under competent authority in police in marathi any capacity with the night summary, Armed Forces. This change was effective 18 May 1998. h. Order of precedence and essay in marathi wear of decorations is contained in Army Regulation 670-1.

Policy for awards, approving authority, supply, and issue of decorations is night essay, contained in AR 600-8-22. Contact Person for this posting: Roger Simpson, PIO.