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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of research papers Jobs. Compare And Contrast Over And Movie? Do you need to research papers and paid write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. Alberto Fonseca Thesis? The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for.

Browse these examples to research papers and paid get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for compare and contrast the crucible play and movie you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Research Papers? Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Resume Yale? Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to and paid an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections.

Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at tuskegee experiment research paper, the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Papers And Paid? Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Compare And Contrast Over Play? Resumes for Executive and Management Positions.

The following resumes are good examples for individuals in and paid, management and executive positions. The Crucible? They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of papers business is vast and alberto fonseca thesis, there is a great variety of positions available in research papers and paid, it. Verbs Yale? The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. Research And Paid? No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way. Paper? Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition.

You need to be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. And Paid? Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in and contrast essay, which you list every program, language, etc. you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Papers And Paid? Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. Alberto Thesis? You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in research papers, these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and verbs, licenses you hold as well as details of research papers your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well.

If possible, include how you went above the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of tuskegee research skills that are required on the job and it is research important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Syphilis? Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Research Papers? Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Update? Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the research, adherence to codes and the ability to yale troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and research, Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and resume verbs yale, skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and research papers, the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you.

You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in yale, many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to papers know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the thesis, presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to and paid show off their merchandising expertise.

Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to owl at writing a research paper feature them.

Employers understand that you are young and looking to research and paid add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and research papers and paid, virtual interview practice software. The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Guest contributor and resume update, professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento will help you make your resume stand out research, with a summary statement. In resume writing, you know you need more than just a list of jobs and education, but how to begin? Or rather, how should your resume begin? First, nix the objective statement. It is almost impossible to resume verbs yale write an objective statement without either telling the hiring manager something they already know or focusing on research what you want to get from a job. Resume Update Help! Both are things you should absolutely avoid in a resume. Instead, use a summary statement or what I like to call your “written elevator speech.” Why You Should Use a Resume Summary Statement.

Professionals who work with career coaches and those who have done some solid web research have come to understand that they need to master their “Elevator Speech”. This speech is a short summary of an employee’s value proposition and research and paid, should be thought of as a “sales pitch” that is ready to go anytime you run into a potential hiring manager or networking contact. A carefully prepared “Elevator Speech” is resume update, customized to the person giving the speech and contains information that makes the professional stand out and paid, while still focusing on things the employer wants to know (excels in cutting costs, not excellent deep sea diver). The same holds true for your “Written Elevator Speech” or resume summary statement. This “speech” is given at the top of your resume — in the prime resume real estate where a recruiter or hiring manager always looks first. The summary statement serves as an introduction to syphilis experiment paper the reader that seeks to answer the question “Tell me about yourself” in just a few lines of text. The resume summary statement will help your resume stand out by: a. Catching the research papers, reader’s attention immediately. b. Ensuring a clear understanding of your top selling points at a glance (important when hiring managers are skimming through dozens of resumes at update, a time and papers, attention spans are short) c. Putting emphasis on your career highlights and key strengths in frustration definition essay, an easy-to-scan format. d. And Paid! Briefly communicating your professional objective if relevant (if the frustration definition essay, objective is not obvious)

Every resume can benefit from a summary statement. For some candidates, it can be critical. 1. Career Changers — A summary statement can help a hiring manager quickly see your transferable skills. And Paid! Without a summary statement, a recruiter might look at your most recent experience, assume you’re not a fit because your experience isn’t traditional, and toss your resume. 2. Recent College Grads — A summary statement can help you customize your resume for different opportunities.

This is especially helpful if your background is somewhat general. You can use the summary to highlight skills and experience most relevant for each position. 3. Experienced Professionals with Diverse Backgrounds — For experienced professionals, a summary statement can become the “executive summary” of resume update your resume, tailored for papers and paid, each position. This allows you to pull the most relevant and impressive skills and career accomplishments and feature them at the top of your resume. Elements of a Strong Resume Summary Statement. The Basics — Your summary statement should consist of a title and a few lines of text. The text can be in paragraph form and/or use bullets. The summary statement should appear directly below your contact information at purdue writing a research paper, the top of the research and paid, resume. and should reflect a general (or specific) idea of your career goals. Your Title — When working with my clients on their resumes, I typically recommend starting with a title that communicates their professional identity. Resume! Think of it as a headline that will catch the reader’s eye and help them see your fit for the position at hand. Examples include Social Media Brand Strategist, Senior Marketing Executive, Multifaceted Art Director, and Global Operations Professional.

See Resume Summary Statement examples below for additional titles that may spark ideas for you. The Format — The main body of your summary statement should be approximately 3-4 lines of text and should NOT be written with first-person pronouns. If you are tempted to make your summary statement longer to squeeze in papers and paid, more details, resist the frustration essay, temptation. Industry research tells us that most hiring managers spend only seconds reviewing a resume before they make up their minds to call a candidate or not. We also know that when they see large chunks of text, their eyes will skip over it. Therefore, it is vital to limit the length of a summary statement to ensure it gets read. Resume Summary Statement Examples. Below are several examples of research papers “written elevator speeches” or summary/branding statements with titles. A versatile and creative writer fuses a background in owl at purdue a research paper, journalism and academics with expertise in research papers and paid, business writing to tuskegee syphilis research deliver quality, customized material spanning news, marketing, web content, curriculum, and career development.

Provides sales support and highly-rated client service and excels in meeting deadlines in quick-turnaround settings. FINANCIAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT PROFESSIONAL. Blends academic training in economics and business administration with hands-on experience in sales and operations support to offer employers a track record of delivering on tasks accurately, efficiently, and quickly. Known for providing best-in-class customer service and communications in a variety of business settings. A proven leader of US and international sales organizations offers expertise in developing successful growth strategies and training both individual representative and papers and paid, team leaders in product benefits and and contrast essay the crucible play and movie, customer service techniques. Research Papers! Also known for tuskegee experiment research paper, creating dynamic marketing/brand strategies that engage consumers and take away business from the competition.

Effectively manages PL on multimillion-dollar, multi-product lines of business. How to research papers and paid Write Your Resume Summary Statement. Since you have limited space, it’s important to carefully plan what goes into and contrast essay play and movie, your summary statement. Your statement must be concise AND represent the strongest elements of and paid you as a professional. Here are three steps to frustration writing a strong summary statement for research, your resume: Step 1: First, think of three or four things that define you as a professional. This can be a strong sales record, excellent customer service, expertise in drawing engineering plans, or an ability to manage large-scale technical projects. These professional traits will vary according to profession and skill level.

Managers and experiment research paper, executives should focus on business skills as well as technical expertise — even if they fall into a technical industry. Entry-level and recent graduates can include academic training and experience to support professional abilities. Step 2: Next, think of the things you enjoy the most in your work. When you write your summary statement, you aren’t just telling the employer what you are good at, you are also telling them what you want to do day in and day out. Ergo, no matter how well you do something – don’t talk about it if you don’t want to do it. My wisest clients have pointed it out to me when I have focused too much on something they don’t particularly enjoy and we rework their summaries accordingly. Step 3: Align your summary statement with the company’s job requirements. Once you identify the skills you want to focus on, do a little research and see if they line up with job requirements listed for the positions you are seeking. If you are a project manager, you probably want to establish early that you are skilled at managing resources and ensuring assignments get completed on-time/on-budget. This might not be the thing you want to focus on the most, but it is research papers, essential to work in. More Tips on Resume Summary Statements.

1. Customize for Your Experience Level. Each of the above example statements effectively sets up the skill sets, achievements, and even certifications/degrees that the applicants highlight throughout their resumes. When writing your statement, it is important to consider where you are in alberto, your professional progression. While a job description might want an research and paid, MBA, PMP, or other certifications, whether or not you mention such things in your opening statement will depend greatly on how much experience you have to the crucible and movie back your application. When the papers, job seeker is young and needs to rely on academic experience to strengthen their qualifications, it is best to call that out from the start. Consider the purdue writing a research, example below: Blends lab management experience with academic training at the University of research papers Florida to offer solid skills in clinical experiments and research activities. Incorporates a background in office administration to resume provide employers with proven organization, communications, and scheduling expertise.

In this instance, the research and paid, job seeker focused on things learned through education and transferable skills that could be applicable from part-time work experience. On the other hand, when the definition, job applicant has strong experience, there is no need to rely on the academic training any longer and it doesn’t need to be mentioned. 2. Focus on your most important selling points. Some requirements can be covered in the body of the resume and just aren’t important enough to place in that opening paragraph. One example I see a lot is proficiency in MS Office. Even if you are a technical professional, software and hardware skills need their own section on the resume and papers and paid, don’t belong in the opening statement. The summary statement is for the strengths and syphilis experiment paper, accomplishments that truly make you stand out as a candidate. Consider the research papers and paid, following examples of resume summaries for technology professionals: A proven leader of owl at writing IT startups and established operations offers expertise in defining technical strategies that support overall business objectives. Supports efforts to papers and paid develop and market technical solutions to both internal and external clients.

Oversees team development and vendor selection/maintenance for multimillion-dollar operations. COMPUTER/HARDWARE SPECIALIST /TEAM SUPERVISOR. Leverages technical expertise on hardware setup/configuration to provide exceptional user support and resolve critical operational issues. Experience includes managing security and after-hour support for classified materials and communications. Known for alberto, creating and implementing training that expands team member capabilities and instructs users on system utilization/improvement. Works with government, civilian, and corporate stakeholders.

Of course there are other things you might want to call to the reader’s attention early, including language proficiencies, award-winning performance, or being named on research and paid one or more US patents. While these qualifications can be contained in the body of purdue writing a research a resume (and should still be placed there) , it could be relevant to research papers highlight them early to establish your unique value as an frustration essay, employee. Please note again that none of papers these opening paragraphs are written with first person pronouns. While you do write the paragraph in present tense, you write it as if you are the resume yale, understood subject of the resume. This allows the focus to remain on the employer.

Use of “I, me, my” places the focus on and paid the applicant and the goal of the resume is to sell the employer on what you can do for alberto thesis, THEM. By telling the reader what you “do” and what you are “known for,” you get the reader thinking about how you can do those things for research papers and paid, them. This message should be reinforced throughout the resume as you use achievements and purdue a research paper, certifications to reinforce your opening paragraph and highlight examples of when you have done the things that summary statement promotes. Remember, aside from a cover letter, the research, summary statement is the very first thing the hiring manager reads about owl at purdue a research paper you. It is research papers, your handshake long before you meet the resume verbs yale, interviewer. It is your first impression long before you get a chance to research papers and paid pick out your best outfit. Syphilis! It requires more than “I am seeking a job as….” It is your first chance to papers answer the question “Tell me about Yourself” and you want to make the most of verbs yale it. HUMOR: Also, if you’re struggling for ideas, why not let Barney Stinson inspire you with some “creative” ways to highlight your awesomeness. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview.

As an research papers, interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and resume, advising managers at research and paid, organizations from American Express to the City of New York. Resume Yale! She is an adjunct professor at New York University and papers and paid, an instructor at the American Management Association. 20 Comment to The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Nice one Pamela. One more thing I would like to add here is purdue writing a research paper, one should never try to add any fake information in their resume which can put them in papers, trouble.

@terrylewis – thats great. Maybe you can share it here once you’re done. @Arman – that’s correct. Faking info will very likely come back to bite you. So resist the temptation to be too “creative”. What an exceptional post Pamela. Resume Yale! I have seen many articles on and paid resume tips but nothing like this one. Just want to add more tip here that job seekers should never try to add any fake information in syphilis experiment paper, their resumes just to impress the and paid, recruiter. This is the part that is very difficult for me, i work in the service area, i work for a very prestigious hotel brand and i don’t know how to a research paper convert what i do into a summary. I want to and paid advance in my career, i want to move in int administrative part of the purdue writing paper, hotel, not front office.

No I’m not a front desk agent nor a concierge. I am having so much trouble coming with the perfect resume so i can apply to better jobs.! Here’s a way to papers possibly get unstuck and draft your summary statement: 1) Brainstorm a bit about the most important qualities required for the job(s) that you want. If there’s a job description, scan it for keywords. 2) Think about your 3 most valuable transferable skills/strengths/areas of expertise and how they relate. 3) Draft a sentence about each of those three selling points. 4) Combine/arrange/edit them into frustration definition, a summary statement using the examples in the post for inspiration. Depending on your level of papers experience, your statement may be a few simple sentences or a brief bulleted list. Please feel free to post a draft of resume yale your summary statement here and research, I would be happy to give some feedback. Keep track of the interviews.

Maintain a record of the .information about the interview so that you can refer to it in future. Many times you would have more than one interview with an organisation and it would help if you have jotted down somewhere what happened in the previous interviews. As the human memory fades with time it is resume verbs, preferable that you record the information within 24 hours of the interview. While maintaining the research papers and paid, summary of interviews include the following information:• Name and position of interviewer(s) After the Interview. It is not over until you finally get the job. So don’t just sit back and relax. Now is the time to do the follow up procedures to finally get selected and definition, gain the job of your dreams. Get Selected at Job Interviews.

• Job profile/description: duties, responsibilities, powers, salary, other benefits etc. • Category: positive, negative, average. • Date of contact with the organisation. • Specific points discussed: stressed on some qualifications, achievements more than others. Pamela you are genius…Just read your blog….It is simply amazing. Already started working on creating my own personal branding statement. It would be great if you can suggest what should be the and paid, caption or heading for personal branding statement.

For instance, the categories/headings which appear in a Resume/CV are Core Competencies, Professional Experience, Academics, Personal Information etc. Owl At Paper! Is it a good idea to write heading ” Senior Banking Professional ” followed by branding statement under this heading. Since, I am a banker with 8 years of experience in executing cross- functional assignments in research papers and paid, Retail ( Marketing Campaigns for Retail banking ), Corporate Banking (Commercial Credit to SMEs ) and Strategy (Launch of Wealth Management Business) with MBA as background. Keeping my fingers crossed …to discover a nice branding statement for me… THANKS A LOT…. Outstanding post Pamela! I am a young creative professional and find it very difficult to alberto thesis put my skills and experience into a summary when its such a broad field. After reading your article I now have a better understanding of papers and paid what companies look for in a resume. Update! Thank you! Outstanding post Pamela and and paid, very helpful but I am some time confused that – What type of owl at purdue paper CV format should I opt for HR post please help as I am working as an HR? What type of and paid frequent question can be asked during an update help, interview?

How can we describe a healthy interview? How can I create my own profession brand as an research and paid, HR? It seems like the examples used are trying to show some corporate bean counter that you know a lot of big words. Is this really what sells? I don’t want to syphilis jump through a bunch of hoops to dazzle some corporate sell out. What ever happend to keeping it simple? Great article. I’m running into trouble highlighting my transferable skills that I got from research, being a corporate lawyer because I now want to work on research teams for news shows, or in paper, production. Its difficult trying to papers and paid connect the two. Can you write an example here.

Good article, exposed some weaknesses in my resume, I’m make the changes today! Thanks. Helpful article, though I find myself wondering at the images you chose for the sections. They are all part of a larger work by frustration, Pablo Picasso, titled “Guernica,” which was his attempt at a propaganda piece criticizing war. The painting depicts innocent people being firebombed by German and Italian warplanes. Clearly shown are tormented soldiers, a dead child in papers, the arms of a ravaged woman, and citizens and experiment research, livestock burning alive. Perhaps this is a strange choice of artwork to use for this article. Awesome. shares some other resume design skill in AmoLink resume. Hope it’s useful to all of us.

I found it odd also. This is why doing arts papers while studying for and paid, your business degree is so important. Definition! Something incredibly ironic about someone who is an research and paid, expert in selling yourself plastering her blog post with images from a painting as brutally about suffering as this. I guess whoever pieced this page together thought “oh, it’s art, so it must be sophisticated.” And they say I’m irrational for resume update, thinking business people aren’t necessarily very bright. Thank you for the inspiring article! I have been struggling to find a job that fits my professional profile and when I finally find it, I get no attention… at all! Now, I migh have identified some of my common mistakes. Anyhow, I have a big problem.

I am a BA in research and paid, International Relations and I have no idea how to name my professional title…. Any ideas? I rarely get sidetracked by advertisements or odd artwork in blog posts, mainly because I’m inundated with it. But my concentration was quickly. diverted to the slightly barbaric images as soon as I could make out an. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at owl at a research paper, companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and research papers, advising managers at organizations from American Express to alberto thesis the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. Continue reading.

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action essays Papers on action research and related topics. These are papers associated with areol -- action research and evaluation on line -- an on-line course available on the web or by email. How to achieve action outcomes and research outcomes, and integrate them. Research Papers And Paid? A comparison of action learning and action research. A bibliography on action learning compiled by Shankar Sankaran. Writing A Research Paper? A partial FAQ file on action research compiled by Bob Dick and Pam Swepson. An overview of some of the core ideas of Argyris and Schon's theory of action approach to explaining behaviour. Some of the key elements of the models of Argyris and Schon are described and explained. Writing action research theses. Two papers on writing action research theses.

A partly-annotated bibliography of action research literature (1993) A briefly-annotated list of books on action research and closely related topics published since 1998. When our beliefs are held as beliefs without reason then they may not respond well to either argument or evidence; other approaches may be needed. A description of an action-research-based evaluation study with an emphasis on the use of triangulation to achieve rigour. A description of a second action research based study, using a participative approach to consultation with a large and research papers varied group of people. The overall change process is described as having three phases. Pre-planning requires negotiating roles and building relationships. Planning involves setting goals, analysing the situation, deciding what to do, and deciding how to monitor it. And Contrast Essay Over The Crucible Play? Action has two parts, implementation and monitoring. A number of different research paradigms are briefly described, together with a discussion of some of the conditions which may favour the research and paid choice of action research. Three sets of important communication skills are described: expressive skills for stating a point of view non-defensively; listening skills for learning another's point of view; and process skills for managing the overall interaction. Some of the dimensions of community consultation processes are identified, and some of the issues determining design choices are briefly discussed.

The cyclic or spiral process of action research is the source of some of its advantages. These advantages are enhanced if the researcher remembers that there are cycles within cycles within cycles . This paper provides a practical illustration. Resume Verbs? A hypothetical game of darts is used to illustrate some points about the quality of feedback in and paid, much of our working life (and elsewhere) In action research, it is possible to capitalise on the cyclic process by letting the data drive both the improvement of the process and the growing understanding of the frustration definition research situation. A discussion between Paul Wildman (who originated the discussion) and Bob Dick about the nature and the shortcomings of action research. A face to face version of the delphi process is described (delphi is a process which uses an expert panel to papers and paid, make complex decisions, and can be used for action research) Dialectical processes (which craft agreement out of disagreement) are described, and resume verbs contrasted with adversarial and consensual processes. Brief descriptions are given of a number of processes for giving, getting and exchanging information especially in community settings as part of public consultation activities.

A description of a process a small group might use to enhance the group climate and research and paid especially the openness. A group planning process which can be used to develop a detailed action plan, including a plan for monitoring the success of the plan. A version of focus group (a form of group interview) in which certain structures are used to improve the quality of information and interpretation gained from the group. Group feedback analysis is an alternative to owl at purdue writing paper, survey feedback (surveys used to start change programs). The survey is done with small teams or groups, who also choose some of the questions to be answered, and help to research and paid, interpret the information collected. Grounded theory, like action research, is an emergent methodology. Syphilis? This paper briefly describes its process and some of its most important features. And Paid? An overview of action research is provided, and alberto fonseca thesis some of its features discussed. Some issues which are important at the beginning of papers, a change program are addressed; attention is given to ways of involving people in organisational change programs. Frustration? A form of interviewing is research and paid, described in some detail. The interviewing combines some of the features of structured and unstructured interviews, and uses a systematic process to refine the yale information collected.

Neighbourhood meetings are small, partly-structured meetings of neighbours, hosted by research, one of them in her or his home. They provide higher participation rates and more direct involvement, than many other forms of large-group community participation. The bibliography on update, meta-evaluation (the evaluation of evaluations) was compiled by Patricia Rogers. A pragmatic (and probably naive) approach to philosophy. Papers And Paid? This paper was prepared for verbs yale, the areol (action research and evaluation on line) course at the request of some participants.

This is a description of Option one-and-a-half, a dialectical process in which the strengths of two opposing options are combined to create a third and better option. Vikki Uhlmann sets out some reasons why, for research papers and paid, her, participation in action research is obligatory or nearly so. An identification of some of the ways in which participants can be involved in action research, from owl at purdue writing paper low involvement as informants to high involvement as co-researchers. The use of action research for theses is considered, taking into account its dual aims of action and research. Pam Swepson identifies and research papers and paid discusses some of the philosophical assumptions which underlie different forms of research, especially action research. In doing research you face a number of choices. Essay? This document identifies some of the important choices for those planning a thesis or dissertation, and discusses the advantages and disadvantages that each choice engenders. An action-research style of evaluation is used to and paid, illustrate some of the principles of thesis, qualitative evaluation methods. Research? Drawing on an evaluation of a fourth-year university class by Adelle Bish, this paper briefly describes the 19 different mechanisms which (in the reports of class members) assisted learning from experience.

The quality of critical reflection after the event can be helped by questions one can ask oneself before the event. This file gives questions for use before and after action. Some issues related to the use of action research for publication and theses are examined. In those situations it is designed to address, action research can be a rigorous methodology; these tend to be situations where experimental and quasi-experimental methods are not easily applied. There are ways in which action respearch can be made more attractive to practitioners, for example by adopting methods for improving both the rigour and writing a research paper the economy in research, conducting and reporting action research studies. This is frustration, a paper which was presented at the Association of Qualitative Research conference in papers and paid, Melbourne in July 1999. Alberto Thesis? It identifies some of the mechanisms in action research which provide rigour even though action research is typically used in changing situations. Search is a consensus seeking process.

This paper gives details of a workbook for a particular variety of short search. An evaluation process is described; it combines processes for formative, summative and short-cycle evaluation (see next entry) A fairly detailed description is given of the Snyder evaluation process, a process which combines process evaluation for understanding, outcome evaluation for and paid, improvement, and short-cycle evaluation for ongoing improvement. Titled Appropriate validity and verbs yale its attainment, this paper by Bob Dick and Pam Swepson uses soft systems methodology to illustrate some of the ways in which action research processes like soft systems methodology can achieve good standards of rigour. This technique, probably originating with Richard Beckhard, allows a group of people to research and paid, pool their assumptions about various people and their attitude to change, and purdue writing identify ways of approaching them. The nature and use of theory are briefly considered and some of the traps in the use of papers, theory are identified. A list of books compiled by Marcia Connor from suggestions offered by subscribers to essay, the training and development email list. There are many gaps between experience, and what an interviewer eventually interprets from the data about that experience collected at interview. There are some steps which can be taken to reduce the gaps. Papers? A workbook-style process which can be used to analyse and learn from an interaction which you would like to have handled differently.

Allowing participants multiple votes, perhaps within a cyclic voting process, can be used for syphilis experiment research paper, exchanging information between participants about their priorities. Maintained by Bob Dick #91;visit his home page ?#93;; this version 2.5w last revised 20140405.

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Essay by David Sedaris ’’Me Talk Pretty One Day’’ ’’Me Talk Pretty One Day’’ She does not hit them or anything, but I think she is research papers and paid just using big arm movements to express herself better. Furthermore, she does not tolerate that the students speak anything else than French, which is quite a big challenge for all the students because their vocabulary is not very expanded. This limits the students a lot. Sedaris says, ‘’I’m not completely in the dark, yet I understood only half of what this.

. August 30, 2011 “Me Talk Pretty One Day” – Sedaris After reading this short story I noticed that the author enjoys using details when describing a person, place, or thing. “Festyland, a far-flung amusement park that advertises with billboards picturing a cartoon stegosaurus sitting in a canoe and eating what appears to be a ham sandwich.”(pg. 291) “Anna hailed from an industrial town outside of Warsaw and had front teeth the research paper size of tombstones.”(pg. 292) The author also seems to be able to research papers and paid, capture the frustration reader’s attention with his very illustrated characters. Research Papers! This story actually reminds me of how I was treated in my own society. Being that I am black, I have had teachers automatically assume I was this way or would react to a comment the way my peers would because my skin tone was similar.

On the same note, when attempting to learn Spanish, I also could only essay understand half of what the and paid teacher had said and that would cause me to be humiliated none the writing a research paper less. Research Papers And Paid! I feel a very close tie to resume update, this story. It is easy to understand, relate, and envision a teacher with this magnitude treating students the way she has been portrayed. I also feel sympathetic with the students who are trying to succeed, but inevitably the teacher would not give in and accept them for who they are. Papers! In conclusion if offered a chance to interview this author, I would only have a few questions to ask. Why was this teacher filled with so much anger and hatred? Could you elaborate on her background to. Words: 293 - Pages: 2. . Me Talk Pretty one Day By David Sedaris After reading this the I saw that David Sedaris’s was very unsure of himself and his ability to speak French in the beginning. This is resume update help shown by the way he avoided people who spoke French.

I also thought that David was very courageous to move to Paris to learn how to speak French and learn their culture at the age of forty-one. David Sedaris uses English and bad French so called translations when he is talking about his teacher insulting the class and phrases that he did not understand. Papers! I did see that he was trying to lightheartedly turn a hard situation into something humorous but I really didn’t find it to be humorous because I could not understand what was being said. Resume Help! I felt just like him in the class with the French teacher, lost and trying to piece together a conversation. To be honest, the use of the bad French slowed the story down for research papers and paid, me. Sedaris conveys his confusion, his failures and his triumphs by resume dealing with it in a comedic and research papers and paid, passive aggressive nature. It seems to me that he wanted to tell the teacher how he felt but instead he allowed her to push him so far into a corner that he wished that he could get fresh cut meat from a vending machine. He allowed her to make him not want to speak the language to the point he did not want to use it to get food. But there does seem to be a quiet strength about how he took all of the update insults and continued to learn and fight through to get to the point that he.

Words: 637 - Pages: 3. . And Paid! widespread agitation for further changes in methods of handling criminals. Solitary confinement of criminals became an ideal among the frustration rationalist reformers of the 18th century, who believed that solitude would help the offender to become penitent and that penitence would result in and paid, reformation. This idea was first tried out in the United States, at Eastern State Penitentiary, which was opened on Cherry Hill in Philadelphia in 1829. Thesis! Each prisoner of this institution remained in and paid, his cell or its adjoining yard, working alone at trades such as weaving, carpentry, or shoemaking, and resume update help, saw no one except the officers of the institution and an occasional visitor from outside. This method of prison management, known as the separate system, became a model for penal institutions constructed in several other U.S. states and throughout much of Europe. Meanwhile, a competing philosophy of prison management known as the silent system arose. The main distinguishing feature of this system was that prisoners were allowed to work together in the daytime. Silence was strictly enforced at all times, however, and at papers and paid, night the prisoners were confined in individual cells.

Vigorous competition between supporters of the silent system and verbs, of the separate system prevailed until about 1850, but by that time the silent system had been victorious in research papers, most U.S. states. The mark system was developed about 1840 by update help Captain Alexander Maconochie at papers, Norfolk Island, an English penal colony located east of. Words: 1216 - Pages: 5. . Me Talk Pretty One Day Written by Asim Aydin Uysal It can be very difficult to learn a language like French, especially when you have only taken a month long class, before heading to resume, the country of the papers language you have been studying for past month and going back to the school bench. This is the frustration definition essay case in research and paid, the essay ‘’Me Talk Pretty One Day’’ by David Sedaris, published in tuskegee syphilis paper, 2005. We do not know the name of the protagonist, all we know about him is that he is at research, the age of forty-one, and has now moved from New York to Paris with hopes of learning the language. Our protagonist is alberto fonseca thesis forty-one years old and has moved from research papers and paid, New York to Paris to learn the French language. He loves leafing through medical textbooks, and tuskegee paper, has a love for research papers and paid, IBM typewriters, things he detest is resume help blood sausage, intestinal pates and brain pudding. Papers! He is essay a sensitive person and seems that he is very young at heart, because of many of his statements throughout the essay, one of them would be: ‘’ Turn ons: Mom’s famous fire-alarm chili! Turnoffs: insecurity and guys who come too strong. And Paid! ’’(Lines 43-44, p.7) On his first day in school he is feeling a bit uncomfortable, or ‘’nerve-racking’’ as he says himself. He did feel indisposed as all the other students were all young, attractive and well dressed, which makes him feel like Pa Kettle, who is a comic character, so we should presume that he is a comic fanatic, since he compares himself to resume update, a comic character. The first time he meet his teacher, he could.

Words: 1396 - Pages: 6. . humiliation in children, and do more to harm young people than they do to meet their needs. Such fear drives students to develop various coping strategies or defense mechanisms - mumbling, acting like they don't understand, acting overly enthusiastic so they won't be called upon, etc - to research papers, dodge the demands placed upon experiment research, them by adults, or to avoid being humiliated in front of their peers. Holt concludes that there is research papers a vast difference between what childrenreally know, and what they only appear to know. Rather than learning the content of a lesson, children learn how to perform, or how to and contrast essay over and movie, survive by papers and paid deflecting the teacher’s questions with the least possible amount of embarrassment. Over Play! Almost everything we do in our schools tends to make children ‘answer-centered,’ rather than ‘problem centered,’ which inadvertently deprives them of the skills that they need to function in the real world. From the time of birth until the age of three years, children have atremendous capacity for learning, understanding, and creating. Adults – either through their own actions, or through excessively dictating their children’s actions - destroy most of the this intellectual and creative capacity. Most frequently, we destroy this capacity by making our children afraid; afraid of being wrong. Holt’s examination of research and paid our present educational system is a critical and insightful study, one which forces us to look more closely at the lessons that we are unwittingly imparting to our young. Words: 1429 - Pages: 6. . essay by saying that he suddenly understood when his teacher was talking French to him. Research! This still seem as a bit harsh way of teaching.

If the teaching methods is so demanding, that the students don’t even dare to say a word in research papers and paid, French when outside of their classroom it’s perhaps a bit too extreme. I think the point of learning a language is that you can use it in your everyday life. Also David Sedaris says that before he entered the French class he wouldn’t stop blabbering on with every little French word he had learned. It seems like the teacher had the opposite affect on her students. But just as he is about to definition, give up when his teacher is scolding him, he realizes that he actually understands what she is research papers saying to him. He becomes so happy that he is cherishing the nagging which is owl at purdue why he says: “I know the thing that you speak exact now.

Talk me more, you, plus, please, plus. “ Page 3 Line 127-128 The courage to speak and learn a new language comes from encouragement and progress. David Sedaris last quote is papers and paid what makes the essay special. It takes his negativity and insecurity and turns it into a favourable development to empathize how you learn a language the best way. In Denmark the new school reform says that kids has to be taught English from 1st grade. In Denmark kids in owl at a research paper, that grade would be around 7 years old. And Paid! Science has shown that your learning is alberto thesis better when you are a kid, but another reason for this reform is because it is the fewest kids who think about making. Words: 937 - Pages: 4. . Research! Essay on ”me talk pretty one day” The essay “me talk pretty one day” is an essay written by David Sedaris and published in compare the crucible play and movie, 2005. It is a expository text about David’s, the author’s, own experiences with learning French in a foreign country and the essay deals with themes such as the attitude towards leaning a foreign language but also that you have to understand the language, before you can speak it. In the essay, the writer David Sedaris shares his experiences with learning French at an international school in France. His first encounter with the strict and papers, yet quite sarcastic French teacher tears down his walls of essay self-esteem and belief in himself throughout most of the time he spends in the class, because he and his other classmates can not speak the language fluently. In time he becomes more and more frightened that he might say something wrong and he even stop taking any contact with people because he dread anything that requires speaking the language.

The students in the class are not fluent in French either and their halting sentences sound like “Sometimes me cry alone at night” (p.8, line 109) and “[…] someday you talk pretty” (p.8 line 109-110.) The author understands his fellow students, although they do not speak fluent French, but when his French teacher talks in class he does not understand half of and paid what she is saying, for instance: “Even a fiuscreza ticiwelmun knows that a typewriter is feminine” – (p.7, line 71-71) This tells us exactly how the. Words: 944 - Pages: 4. . Me talk pretty one day Learning a new foreign language can be difficult and might have its complications. Compare And Contrast The Crucible! It takes time and a lot of patience if you want to learn a new foreign language. Travelling to a foreign country and learning the language by a native citizen is one way to learn it. This is the way the author learns it and in Me talk pretty one day we read about research papers his experiences with a native teacher. David Sedaris tells the story of how he tried to learn French and compare over play and movie, therefore travelled to Paris, France. Going back to research and paid, school was strange but still it was exciting. He sees himself as a debutant to school, one going back to school again. He looks back at the college life and compares himself with a youngster. “After paying my tuition fee, I was issued a student ID, which allows me a discounted entry fee at movie theaters, puppet shows, and definition, Festyland, a far flung amusement park that advertises with billboards picturing a cartoon stegosaurus sitting in a canoe and eating what appears to be a ham sandwich.” (p.1 ll.2-5) He looks positively at his options as a student and in a way he is regressing. He tries to remember all the good things about papers and paid being a student. Sedaris uses a lot of metaphors throughout the text.

He does this to experiment paper, make a point and to describe the papers and paid point he is resume yale making more precisely and understandably. His teacher is a mean woman and has unusual learning methods. To describe these methods he uses the metaphor: “That’s the way they do it here – it’s everybody. Words: 958 - Pages: 4. . Big essay: Me Talk Pretty One Day by David Sedaris, 2005 In my essay I will focus on the writer’s tone and on the attitude to learning foreign languages that is explored in the text Me Talk Pretty One Day by research and paid David Sedaris. Me Talk Pretty One Day is an essay about the narrator’s, David, time in Paris where he means to learn French. He feels quite intimidated by the other foreign students who, in purdue a research paper, his opinion, speak excellent French. The teacher assigned to the French class he is partaking in, is extremely tough and intimidating. While going through the alphabet, she proceeds to ask the students questions that will only serve as a humiliating experience for the chosen party. Papers! David spends many hours every day studying and preparing for the upcoming classes. His private life is heavily affected by the teacher’s harsh treatment in alberto thesis, class, driving him to and paid, not to speak in public or on the phone.

It feels like an frustration definition essay, uphill battle for David, but after some months David realizes while in class that he understands everything the teacher is saying. He counteracts the teacher’s provocation with his own sly remark, indicating his perfect understanding of research her choice of frustration essay wording. The tone is research and paid this essay moves throughout the resume essay from being sarcastic through uncomfortable to depressed until it ends on a more hopeful note. In the start the papers tone is quite sarcastic when he, after the mentioning of his age as being forty-one, describes his start in Paris as that of the circumstances in which a much. Words: 1216 - Pages: 5. . Name : Sven Verheyden Date : 27/11/2012 Subject : English ------------------------------------------------- Task : Book Review Emma and Dex are two graduates from essay, Edinburgh. They meet at their graduation party and decide to sleep together at and paid, Emma’s room on the crucible play 15th July 1988 also known as St. Swithin’s Day. Research Papers! Nothing actually happens and compare and contrast over play, they decide to stay close friends. And Paid! They are living separate lives but decide to meet every year on St.

Swithin’s Day. Compare Essay Over Play! Emma has been in love with Dexter for many years but Dexter is a playboy who doesn’t care about relations. Papers And Paid! He prefers the wild life with as many beautiful girls as possible. He respects Emma as the best girl he’s ever known, but just his best friend. Every chapter in compare and contrast essay over play, this book describe their meetings once a year around that same date. And Paid! First you can read all about the things they have encountered during that year until the moment they meet again.

Emma is struggling a little bit with finding her way in life. She can’t really decide what to do with her degree. She wants to be an actress but in syphilis, particular a play writer, but she can’t manage to fulfill her dream. She is shy and she lacks the motivation to take the necessary steps. She thinks a lot about research and paid Dexter and she writes him huge letter in tuskegee syphilis experiment research paper, which she describes almost everything she does. Dexter decided to travel a bit more before searching for a career. He visits Rome for example where he teaches English to young Italian girls. He still feels that life is one big game and he. Words: 910 - Pages: 4. . Research Papers! Barrie Smith Christie Harper EN105 First Year Writing Seminar 26 October 2013 “Me Talk Pretty One Day” David Sedaris’ essay appears to resume update, discuss his experiences as an older man trying to learn the French language abroad.

However, what his story really depicts is papers and paid his ability to overcome his fears and obstacles. Sedaris suggests that we all have fears of being out of our comfort zone and that sometimes when we break habits we become afraid, frustrated and even begin to feel insufficient. Sedaris’ first obstacle was returning to school at syphilis paper, the ripe old age of research forty-one. The reference of himself as a “true debutant” suggests that, despite being a matured adult, by returning to school being around kids half his age and learning a new language, Sedaris found himself relatively new and definition, inexperienced. Sedaris’ point being made by the statement, “After paying my tuition, I was issued a student ID, which allows me a discounted entry fee at movie theaters, puppet shows, and Festyland, a far-flung amusement park that advertises with billboards picturing a cartoon stegosaurus sitting in a canoe and eating what appears to be a ham sandwich” (Par.1) In this statement Sedaris reveals the research papers large age gap and resume yale, possibly even the lack of common interests between he and his younger classmates. Sedaris also recounts how his age and maturity made him feel uncomfortable around what he described his classmates as being “young, attractive, and well-dressed”, continuing that he felt like.

Words: 1332 - Pages: 6. . Research Papers And Paid! Me talk pretty one day “Me Talk Pretty One Day” is an essay written by David Sedaris in frustration definition, the year of 2005. David Sedaris is an American Grammy Award-nominated humourist, comedian, author, and radio contributor. The theme of the essay is the attitude to learning a foreign language. It is an expository text about the writer’s personal experiences. In his essay, David Sedaris writes about research his experiences on syphilis experiment paper learning French at an international school in Paris. Research And Paid! With a language course that endured for only one month as the frustration definition essay only previous experience, the 41-year old writer moves to Paris to learn the language. The essay is about his experiences at the school and papers, with his very strict French teacher. Compare And Contrast Over! This strict teacher tears David Sedaris down and takes all courage and self-esteem out of him because he, along with all his new classmates, can’t speak fluent French.

He becomes frightened of saying something wrong, so he decides to stop doing things that requires speaking, such as going to the bank, asking directions and papers and paid, ordering coffee or food. He is closed off from the society. The tone in the text is informal and writing, casual, which is supported by research the way the subject has been tackled: David Sedaris shares his personal experiences. The text is focused on his personality from the very beginning: page 1, line 1 “At the age of resume verbs yale forty one, I am returning to school…”. The personal style of writing characterizes the essay genre. The essay is written in and paid, colloquial language and the chosen. Words: 931 - Pages: 4. . “Me Talk Pretty One Day” “Me Talk Pretty One Day” is a non-fiction essay written by David Sedaris. The essay was written in 2005 and alberto fonseca, it is about Sedaris’ personal experiences when learning to papers, speak French. The main theme of the compare over the crucible play essay is the attitude to learning a new language. My analysis of “Me Talk Pretty One Day” will include an research and paid, interpretation of the update language, tone and the attitude to learning a foreign language.

In “Me Talk Pretty One Day”, David Sedaris writes about his struggles when learning French. As a 41-year old writer, Sedaris moves to research and paid, Paris to learn the language. The essay is tuskegee syphilis research paper about his experiences at the school and and paid, with his awfully strict French teacher. At the very first day the teacher tears Sedaris down and takes all self-esteem out of him. She humiliates and demeans him and all his new classmates, because they cannot speak fluent French. This results in frustration definition essay, him being so afraid of saying anything wrong, and he therefore avoids doing things that requires him to speak, such as asking for directions, answering the phone and ordering coffee or food. The text is well written and the language is informal and simple, yet still very clever. It is papers written in definition, an everyday language with dialog and a vocabulary that is also informal and simple; to give an and paid, example he uses phrases as “nerve-raking” and “rattle off” (page 1 line 15 and page 1 line 17). The tone in the essay is help casual and informal, as Sedaris uses a lot of humour and sarcasm. This makes the text funny. Words: 1016 - Pages: 5. . Me Talk Pretty One Day Throughout time we have become used to with each other’s cultures.

People are moving away from their own country to experience the research and paid world and many take great pleasure getting involved in purdue writing a research, different cultures. Countless of people spend many hours trying to learn a foreign language, so they can become fully integrated in their new host country. It is often said that the best way, to get to know a foreign culture and language, is ‘learning by doing’. Still, not everyone agrees that this way of achieving knowledge is the papers correct way, since it can result in some incorrect speaking. David Sedaris discusses this problem in “Me Talk Pretty One Day”. Thesis! The text “A Modest Proposal” is written by David Sedaris in 2005. A theme explored in research, the text is the interest to learn a foreign language. To shed some light over this topic Sedaris uses his personal experiences, as he moved to Paris to alberto fonseca thesis, learn French. At 41-years-old he wished to speak French fluently and he attends an international language school in and paid, Paris.

From the very first day, the new French teacher overwhelms Sedaris. The teacher picks on every single student in the class and they all become targets of help her belittling. All of research papers and paid Sedaris confidence disappears throughout the classes and even outside the classroom, the teachers influence is seen, since Sedaris suddenly avoids all situations that involve speaking French: “When my phone rang, I ignored it. If someone asked me a question, I pretended to be. Words: 1182 - Pages: 5. Essay by David Sedaris ’’Me Talk Pretty One Day’’ . Essay by David Sedaris ’’Me Talk Pretty One Day’’ ’’Me Talk Pretty One Day’’ is an essay written by alberto thesis David Sedaris in 2005. And Paid! The essay is about David Sedaris himself and frustration definition, his own experiences to learn a foreign language, French. He has some struggles learning it even though Sedaris has taken some French lessons in New York before moving to Paris.

But being 41 years old and start all over in research papers and paid, school again can be a challenge, especially if you have a strict teacher. Before David Sedaris decided to move to Paris, France, he took a French course in New York, where he lived so that he would not be an absolute beginner when attending the French class in Paris. The first day of school, Sedaris seems excited and it all seems, as he writes, nerve-racking. He already knows that he is expected to perform, which put a definite pressure on him with the French teaching system, ‘’That’s the way they do it here – everyone into the language pool, sink or swim’’. He also does not feel as confident with the French language as the other students, but he realizes that his nervousness is the least of update help his problems. Papers! The teacher of his French course is a very intimidating woman, who seems to have no interest in the students’ well being. She is picking on alberto fonseca thesis the students and making fun of their answers, because of papers and paid their broken French. Their teacher seems very violent, ‘’We soon learned to dodge chalk and protect our heads and stomachs whenever she approached us with a question’’.

She does not hit.

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Case Study: BP Texas Refinery Essay. According to Lewicki, Saunders Minton (2003), adopting an unethical approach to negotiation in business can have serious consequences. A recent explosion at papers, the British Petroleum (BP) Texas refinery on 24 March, 2005 reiterated this and and contrast the crucible play and movie demonstrated the effect of an unethical approach to negotiation with the death of 15 contract workers. Ethical behaviour refers to the standards of conduct such as honesty, fairness, responsibility and trust. (Lewicki et al 2003) These standards are broadly applied and papers determine whether a course of frustration definition essay, action is right or wrong in a given situation. (Lewicki et al 2003) According to Es (1955), advocates of the ‘absolutist’ position hold a rigid view of what is right and wrong. In contrast, a ‘relativist’ approach would suggest ethical behaviour be contingent in nature, therefore having no set definition of what is right and wrong. History is fraught with examples of unethical behaviour, from papers, Nazi Germany of 1945 to recent atrocities in the Balkans and Rwanda. And Contrast Play And Movie! However, in those instances there was no negotiation involved.

There are also numerous examples of unethical behaviour adopted in negotiation that have occurred in modern society. These have ranged from large scale unethical business issues such as the and paid recent BP Texas refinery’s failure on safety provisions; Patrick’s wharf workers incident and purdue writing a research paper the Hardie’s asbestos compensation dispute; to smaller everyday unscrupulous business dealings. Research into ethics and and paid negotiation is yale, primarily focused towards examining the research and paid standard of truth. (Lewicki et al 2003) Attempting to define ‘truth’ raises a number of frustration definition essay, controversial issues. For example, ‘what constitutes a lie?’ and ‘are there situations where not telling the truth may be considered acceptable, or even necessary?’ (Lewicki et al 2003: pp.167) The inherent competitive nature of research, most negotiating situations would suggest a certain degree of deceptive behaviour was a necessary component of negotiating. (Friedman Shapiro 1995) Thus ethical negotiation becomes a question of distinguishing those behaviours which are deemed acceptable from those which are unacceptable. Negotiators need to verbs be aware of the implications of their behaviour as failure to adhere to papers established ethical conventions may ultimately result in undesirable consequences. (Es, 1955) Ethics in purdue Negotiation.

Given that information is a major source of research papers, power in negotiation it is not difficult to understand why negotiators may be attracted to deceptive behaviours. Ultimately the party who acquires information of the highest quality or uses it more persuasively will have a significant advantage over their opponent. (Lewicki et al 2003) By engaging in deceptive behaviour negotiators can manipulate information to resume update help the advantage of their own self-interest. (Es, 1955) For example negotiators often present inaccurate or misleading information in papers an attempt to alter their opponent’s perceptions, preferences and priorities. (Lewicki et. Syphilis Experiment Research Paper! al. 2003) Other examples of deceptive behaviour include: bluffing, exaggerations and concealment. Lack of responsibility for ones actions is a significant concern with respect to papers unethical behaviour in owl at negotiations. (Byrnes, 1987) It is quite often the case that negotiators will attempt to justify their use of unethical behaviour by research papers shifting the focus to the other party. For example a negotiator may perceive the resume update other side to have adopted a competitive approach, therefore the use of unethical tactics is justified in their minds as a necessary defence mechanism. Other self-serving rationalisations include: the research and paid belief that the end justifies the means, it was unavoidable and the behaviour was appropriate to alberto fonseca the situation. (Lewicki et. al. 2003) Given the fact that most negotiations tend to incorporate elements of distributive bargaining it is generally accepted that some information will be concealed and exaggerated offers made. Research Papers And Paid! (Friedman Shapiro 1995) Even the verbs yale most cooperative of negotiators will be reluctant to facilitate a completely trusting and papers and paid honest negotiating environment. Negotiators need to purdue writing a research paper find a suitable medium which communicates their integrity while maintaining a safe bargaining position. (Byrnes, 1987) The amount of information the parties are required to disclose will be contingent upon the situation. Unethical behaviour in negotiations can lead to both positive and negative outcomes. (Lewicki et. al., 2003) However, incentives for deception often create a serious moral tension resulting in unethical negotiators displaying signs of research papers and paid, post negotiation guilt and discomfort. Fonseca Thesis! (Byrnes, 1987) By failing to adhere to established ethical conventions in negotiations, a party may find itself gaining an unfavorable reputation in the eyes of its constituencies, the opposition and research and paid affected publics. (Lewicki et. al., 2003) According to Byrnes (1987), this can in turn affect future relations between the parties as well as setting up a negative sentiment for frustration definition essay, future disputes and negotiations.

Case study: BP Texas Refinery. A recent accident at the BP Texas refinery provides us with an example of the potential ramifications of adopting an unethical stance in negotiation. According to papers and paid Laredo Morning Times (2005), despite numerous criticisms by tuskegee experiment research the American Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of research papers and paid, willfully violating safety rules and regulations, several fines and previous incidents which highlighted the plant’s safety inadequacies, BP maintained its hard line stance on workplace safety negotiations. It was a decision which ultimately cost 15 contract workers their lives. The Texas City explosion was the eighth time this decade a fatal accident had been reported at resume verbs, a BP-owned plant – and the third fatal accident in and paid Texas City alone. Thus, this recent fatal accident again raises debate over definition essay, the issue of ‘money versus morality’ and questions whether BP (given its recent poor track record, as described by Olsen (2005)) acted ethically when addressing safety concerns in negotiations with their workers. From a financial perspective, the Texas refinery is, according to Klinger (2005), BP’s biggest and the third-largest in the US. It processes 460,000 barrels of crude oil a day, enough to supply 3 per cent of America’s petrol demand. However, from a safety perspective, an analysis of research papers, industry statistics, news accounts and accident reports shows that, BP leads the U.S. refining industry in deaths over alberto fonseca, the past decade, with 22 fatalities since 1995 – more than a quarter of those killed in refineries across America.

Furthermore, compared to the company’s major U.S.-based peer, Exxon Mobil Corp, than 10 times as many people have died in BP refineries. Research! (Jordan, 2005) The Texas City plant’s long history of safety problems failed to tuskegee syphilis paper awaken company’s management into making safety issues their primary focus. Research Papers! Despite, their valiant attempts in several previous workplace negotiations with BP, the union had been unable secure to better working conditions and reparations to work equipment. In the weeks before the accident at Texas City, the oil giant’s dismal record landed BP on an internal federal watch list of companies ‘indifferent’ to their legal obligations to protect employee safety because of a fatal explosion in Texas City in September 2004 that killed two pipe fitters and tuskegee experiment paper injured a third, when pressurized, superheated water was released from a 12-inch check valve. (Laredo Morning Times, 2005) The incident resulted in a $109,500 OSHA fine, including seven serious violations and research papers a willful citation for failing to relieve trapped pressure within a pipe. The explosion happened in the ventilator stack that was being started up again following extensive maintenance. It resulted in 15 fatalities, while another 70 people were injured. Tuskegee Experiment! In response to the incident, BP spokesman Hugh Depland insisted that BP makes safety a priority and that there have been “significant upgrades at Texas City” in recent years: “As a result of the previous incidents we’ve made a number of changes in safety – including increased safety reviews by all members of the leadership team, an enhanced safety team for all employees and creation of a full-time safety audit team.” (Olsen, 2005) According to Laredo Morning Times (2005), the problem could have occurred because BP officials might have focused too much on individual worker safety that they missed problems with overall system safety. Whilst safety statistics may have improved because more workers were avoiding minor injuries, lurking problems, such as the outmoded ventilator stack that spewed liquid and gas before igniting, had been neglected. A good company would have investigated all accidents, incidents and near misses and said, “We’ll fix what we find, and we’ll follow it to completion.” (Olsen, 2005) In BP’s case, they found the problem years ago -the ventilator stack – but they never fixed it. The fact that the Texas plant is BP’s biggest refinery, would lead to the assumption that it would have been receiving regular attention, but with such a poor safety record and constant fines, it’s obvious that the management is continuing to sweep the issue under the rug.

The current searing oil prices on the US and global markets may have persuaded the management to adopt such an approach, purely in the interests of profitability but that doesn’t make it condonable. The matter is currently under further investigation by the OSHA. The evidence presented by Olsen (2005) and Laredo Morning Times (2005) suggests that the repeated causes of accidents and research papers deaths in BP refineries can be linked to a weak unionist movement within the workers at the refinery. According to resume Jordan (2005), plant workers were represented by the Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union (PACE), and, as mentioned above, failed to and paid improve safety conditions for the workers. Statistically, as verified by the evidence that Olsen (2005) and Laredo Morning Times (2005) presented, the number of accidents and deaths at BP refineries continued to climb in recent history, and the union was prepared to take a much bolder stance to finally rectify the thesis situation. A fierce negotiation between BP and its workers, which are mainly contractors, erupted at the Texas BP refinery several weeks before the fatal explosion occurred. According to papers Olsen (2005), the workers argued that they were working in an outdated temporary operating unit that had no warnings or evacuation procedures. Furthermore, as verified by Wheelwright (2003), the compare and contrast the crucible play workers argued that their benefits as independent contractors do not cover compensation for workplace injuries. BP argued with the intention of satisfying the worker’s requests for better occupational health and safety measures, but according to Olsen (2005), seemed unwilling to spend too much time and resources to reinstall safety mechanisms and procedures from bottom up.

The union representing the contractors working for BP was aware of BP’s poor safety record, and played hardball tactics, delivering a ridiculously harsh opening stance. Furthermore, the union was collaborating and forming allegiance with a third party company that reviews and reports the safety procedures and industrial hazards of a workplace. The union threatened to research papers force an inspection of the poorest sections of the plant, and to release the information to the media. The union targeted the very heart of this sensitive issue, using the poor safety record as evidence that BP has, according to Laredo Morning Times (2005) gotten it wrong all along and that it was time to completely overhaul their safety measures. According to the facts that Laredo Morning Times (2005) and Olsen (2005) presented, such as the accusations of alberto fonseca, BP willfully violating safety rules and procedures, delaying fixing problems and hiding investigation reports of previous accidents, it can be argued that BP had a habit of finding quick solutions in order to satisfy workers and minimize disruption to the workplace. This was also evident in their negotiation tactics.

Pushed into the corner by the union’s harsh (but true) attacks, BP had no choice but to re-evaluate their stance on safety measures. This, according to Lewicki et. Research! al. (2003) is resume verbs yale, one of the research papers and paid consequences of the hardball tactic that the union employed. BP resorted to using what Lewicki et. al. Update Help! (2003) classifies as unethical forms of bargaining. According to Olsen (2005), there was an initial report informing BP of the dangers of the temporary operating unit. Research And Paid! However, BP chose to conceal that information from the union. The negotiators from BP waved off the tuskegee experiment research paper allegations of research and paid, hazardous work conditions as exaggerations on the workers’ behalf, and resume verbs indicated that their reports showed no substantial evidence for any hazardous sites. Finally their closing offer was to research and paid achieve an increased safety review by all members of the leadership team by creating an enhanced safety team for all employees and by employing a full-time safety audit team. Unfortunately the writing establishment of these teams, according to Olsen (2005) and Laredo Morning Times (2005), was delayed and did not happen before the explosion that killed 15 people occurred.

Conclusions and Recommendations. As discussed in the earlier section on ethics, it can be argued that BP adopted an unethical approach to papers resolving the fonseca thesis dispute. They were involved in many of the features of an unethical dissolution, including bluffing, exaggerations and research concealment. BP was focused on simply achieving the short-term outcome of minimizing disruption and satisfying the workers, and by syphilis research this they demonstrated a strong belief in the ends justifying the means. While it can be argued that the negotiators from BP achieved this goal, it can be clearly seen that because of the lack of urgency and value they placed on their workers’ lives, the true outcome of the research papers negotiation was disastrous. A recommendation extends from tuskegee syphilis research, Byrnes’ (1987) work that was mentioned above. It involves achieving a positive sentiment when the parties sit down on the negotiation table. Repeated incidents of falsification and research and paid lies which cost lives will create an aura of distrust which will lead to a disruption in the work force as well as hardball tactics being employed by the opposing party in future negotiations. Employing one of Walton McKersie’s (1965) key systems in negotiations called attitudinal structuring, which involves open and honest communications between parties and the sharing of safety reports and frustration definition essay progress, can give the papers union confidence that BP will work to fix any hazardous environments in the workplace.

This understanding between the verbs parties will also allow BP to target the aspects of occupational health and safety that the and paid workers truly value (instead of reports by update Olsen (2005) indicating that BP was spending all their time just saying “don’t strain your back” and “don’t get dirt in your eyes”). This will help achieve their goal of gaining worker support and reducing the research papers and paid disruption to the workforce. This recommendation, of frustration definition, course, hinges on research, BP’s willingness to definition essay spend the and paid resources to develop these programs. However if BP’s true intentions are to improve their safety record and to decrease the number of accidents and deaths at their plants, establishing an honest and reliable means of communication to resume the workers is the first step toward correcting their flawed past. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 22 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Case Study: BP Texas Refinery. for only research and paid $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the definition essay Essay You Want?

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