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A (very long) essay on political communications, French style. Posted on 19 October 2011 | 12:10pm. The post has just arrived and in it a very nice surprise, the discovery that Jacques Seguela, one-time adviser to President Mitterrand, now close confidant of President and Madame Sarkozy (indeed he intoduced them), and something of a legend in French political communications, has dedicated his latest book to little old moi . With apologies for the missing accents here and in the French bits of the long posting which follows the dedication to #8216; Le Pouvoir dans la Peau #8216; (Power in essays jean-paul, the skin) reads #8216; A Alastair Campbell, mon spin doctor prefere#8217; (three missing accents in one word mes excuses sinceres). So what did I do for this honour, you are asking? Well, perhaps the gay marriage essay, fact that he asked me to read his book, and write a #8216;postface#8217; assessment both of essays sartre sparknotes his writing and of the issues he covers, and the fact that I said yes, has something to do with it. He says some blushmakingly kind things in his #8216;preface to the postface#8217;, which I will have to leave to French readers of the whole thing (published by Plon). But for essay the largely Anglophone visitors of this blog, I thought some of essays sparknotes you might like to read the essay, said #8216;postface#8217; in English (apart from the bits where I quote direct from essays in existentialism sartre, his book). I hope all those students who write asking for help with dissertations will find something quotable in ba degree writing, it. Meanwhile I am off to essays sparknotes, Norway for in creative writing a conference and a meeting with the Norwegian Labour Party. I#8217;m looking forward to being in the country with the highest #8216;human development index#8217; in the world, and which showed such a mature response to the recent massacre of essays in existentialism jean-paul Oslo and in creative writing, Utoya.

Here is the postface to Le Pouvoir dans la Peau. Jacques Seguela writes about essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, political campaigns and communications not merely as an expert analyst, but as an experienced practitioner. Hence his latest book contains both insights worth heeding, but also enlivening tales of his own experience. He is observer and participant; outsider looking in, and insider looking out. There is much to look at, not least in France with a Presidential election looming, and the outcome far from easy to gay marriage, predict. We live in essays in existentialism, a world defined by what caused the great dbq essay, the pace of change, and whilst the velocity of that change has not always impacted upon our political institutions, many of which would remain recognisable to essays sartre sparknotes, figures of history, it most certainly has impacted upon political communications. As Seguela writes: ‘En 5 ans le monde de la communication a plus evolue que dans les cents dernieres annees. #8216; Google, Youtube, Twitter, Facebook have quickly entered our language and changed the way we communicate, live our private lives, do business, do politics. People do not believe politicians as much as they once did. Poetry Essay? Nor do they believe the media. So who do we believe? We believe each other.

The power and the political potential of social networks flows from that reality. Though fiercely modern in their application, social networks in essays sartre, some ways take us back to the politics of the village square. They are an electronic word of on how to write an essay exam mouth on a sometimes global scale. This has changed the way people interact with each other and with their politicians. Essays Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? My first campaign as spokesman and strategist for Tony Blair was in 1997, three years in the planning after he had become leader of the Opposition Labour Party. Some of the principles of strategy we applied back then would certainly apply to a modern day election. But their tactical execution almost certainly would not.

Politicians and their strategists have to adapt to change as well as lead it. Seguela gives some interesting insights into poetry essay, those who have adapted well, and those who have done less well. He clearly adores former President Lula of jean-paul sparknotes Brazil and you can feel his yearning for a French leader who can somehow combine hard-headed strategy with human empathy in the same way as a man who left office with satisfaction ratings of explication 87percent. Seguela probably remains best known in essays in existentialism jean-paul, political circles for his role advising Francois Mitterrand. Yet wheras I am #8216;tribal Labour#8217;, and could not imagine supporting a Conservative Party candidate in caused depression, the UK, Seguela came out as a major supporter of Nicolas Sarkozy.

I wonder if one of the reasons was not a frustration that large parts of the left in France remain eternally suspicious of modern communications techniques and styles which, frankly, no modern leader in a modern democracy can ignore. How he or she adapts to, or uses, them is up to essays in existentialism sartre, them. But you cannot stand aside and tips to write exam, imagine the world has not changed. If Lula is a star of essays sartre sparknotes this book, so too is Barack Obama. American elections are of enormous interest to all political campaign junkies, a category in which both Seguela and I would almost certainly qualify.

Much is made of Obama#8217;s use of the internet, a relatively new phenomenon in tips to write an essay exam, historical terms and one the jean-paul, young Senator used brilliantly in his quest to pet animals, become President. Yet though it was an accurate expression of his modernity, underpinning its use were some very old-fashioned campaign principles. He used it to turn supporters into activists who both gave funds and also took his campaign materials and ideas and ran their own campaigns for him. Somehow he managed to essays in existentialism, make one of the most professional, most disciplined and best funded campaigns in history look like an enormous act of democratic participation. It was less command and educational, control the essays sartre sparknotes, model we certainly adopted in 1997 and 2001, Labour#8217;s two landslide victories, easing off a little for our third win in 2005 than #8216;inspire and empower.#8217; #8216;Yes we can#8217; not #8216;yes I can#8217;. His supporters were more than supporters.

They were an in an exam, active part of the campaign, and of the message. The key to this was something that had nothing to do with politicians and everything to do with science, technology and the internet. Ask me who has had the most influence on campaigns in recent times and I might be tempted to reply Tim Berners-Lee, the man credited with gifting the web to the world. Essays Jean-paul Sparknotes? Its implications have been far reaching in virtually all aspects of explication our lives, politics and political campaigns foremost. The new household brand names of the essays in existentialism, cyber era have not replaced good policy work, messaging and organisation.

But they have become essential components of the execution of online in creative writing them in the campaign. Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? Mainstream conventional media remains important and influential, not least because, bizarrely, in most democracies the broadcasters continue to let the press set their agenda for them. But a candidate who tries to stand against the tide of new media will be making a big mistake, and missing big opportunities. If it has changed so much in explication essay, the last five years, how much more will it change in the next five years? They will also be making a mistake if they think social media can be managed and massaged in the way that, often, mainstream media have been. The key on this I agree totally with Seguela is authenticity. And that should be good news for authentic political leaders and an authenticity hungry public alike. The public tend to in existentialism sparknotes, get to the point of an election. Seguela has an interesting account of the last UK election and in essay, particular the first ever televised Leaders#8217; Debates.

Though I had worked on three campaigns for Tony Blair, I am sufficiently tribally Labour to have answered a call from his successor, Gordon Brown, to go back to help him for his first election campaign as leader in 2011. Essays Jean-paul Sartre? One of the roles I ended up playing was that of David Cameron in Brown#8217;s preparatory sessions for on how the TV debates. These debates mattered, that much was sure. Election planning for Blair, I had always been doubtful about the in existentialism sartre sparknotes, benefit of such debates in a Parliamentary democracy where our leaders meet each other week in week out in the crucible of the House of Commons. I was worried the media would make them all about kids pet animals, themselves, and that the policy issues would be drowned out. So it proved.

Yet in a way the public did get to the point they wanted to. They did not particularly want Labour back after 13 years in power. They did not particularly yearn for David Cameron and a Conservative Party unsure about in existentialism sparknotes, its direction. So the third party leader emerged through the middle. Nick Clegg was judged the gay marriage essay, clear winner by the instant reactions of public and media alike. For a few days he seemed impregnable. Yet come the vote, he did not make a huge breakthrough. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul? It was only because neither Labour nor the online ba degree, Tories could get over the line that Clegg ended up as deputy Prime Minister in a coalition government. Essays In Existentialism Sparknotes? The country had not been able to make its mind up, delivered a muddled result and asked the leaders to essay kids, sort it out. The leader who came first and the leader who came third did a deal to do so. Essays Sartre Sparknotes? I think Seguela is too kind to in creative, Cameron.

Any rational assessment of the political landscape before the last UK election would have suggested a Tory victory. Labour in power a long time; the essays jean-paul sparknotes, economic crash; a Parliament dominated by an essay in an, a scandal involving MPs#8217; expenses; Iraq back in the news because of the essays jean-paul sparknotes, official Inquiry; Afghanistan not going well; the press even more strongly in favour of a Tory win than they had been for a Labour win in 1997, and vicious about Brown. Also the Tories had big money to spend on the campaign and Labour did not. Or Wrong? Yet Cameron could not secure a majority. Why not? There is no simple answer. Sartre Sparknotes? The wonder of democracy lies in millions of people having their own experiences, impressions and judgements before deciding how to poetry, cast their vote. But the essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, strategist in what caused depression dbq essay, me says the simple answer is that Cameron lacked real strategic clarity. I think Sequela would agree that for all the changes that technological and mediatic change has forced upon in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, political campaigns, strategy remains the key.

The cyber era has forced campaigners to rethink tactics, but strategy remains more important. He and I are clearly in poetry explication essay, agreement that John McCain#8217;s appointment of Sarah Palin as running mate, for example, was a tactical masterstroke, but a strategic catastrophe. Tactically, he excited his base, gave the media a new toy, and momentarily unnnerved his opponent. Essays Sartre Sparknotes? Strategically he blew a hole through the two central planks of in creative writing his campaign experience, and being different from George Bush. In putting tactics before strategy, he broke one of the golden rules of campaigning. Strategists like rules. We like points of principle to act as anchors. I like the rules in Seguela#8217;s Chapter 5. On vote pour une idee. Pas pour une ideologie.

On vote pour soi. Essays In Existentialism? Pas pour son candidat. Online Ba Degree? On vote pour un homme. Pas pour un parti. Essays? On vote pour le professionalisme. Poetry? Pas pour l#8217;amateurisme. On vote pour un projet pas pour le rejet. On vote pour le coeur. Pas pour le rancoeur. On vote pour le futur. Pas pour le passe.

On vote pour le bcbg. Sartre? Pas pour le bling bling. It is charmingly French that he illuminates the rule about voting for gay marriage essay le couer pas pour le rancour to sartre, a tale of educational ethics love and sex. #8216;Si votre femme vous trompe, ce n#8217;est pas en couvrant d#8217;insulte son amant que vous le reconquerez. Mais en lui redonnant envie de vous. La mecanique electorale est le meme, se faire elire c#8217;est se faire preferer.#8217; That may seem glib. But politics is a human business. It is about feelings as well as policies, emotion as well as reason. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre? People often talk about their political leaders as though in a relationship with them. #8216;He#8217;s not listening #8230; Why on earth did he do that? #8230; I#8217;ve gone off him #8230; Oh, I still like him deep down.#8217; Political leaders sometimes talk of the people in the same way. How many times did I sit in online ba degree writing, the back of a car with Tony Blair, or fly over Britain in a ‘plane and he would look down and say #8216;God, I wish I knew what they were thinking #8230; Do they still like us?#8217; Back at essays jean-paul sparknotes the time of our first landslide, talk of the educational essay, country #8216;falling in love#8217; with Blair was widespread.

Today, the biggest accusations of betrayal against Blair will often come from in existentialism, those who #8216;fell in love#8217; most deeply at the outset of what depression dbq essay his leadership. Perhaps this trend towards relationship politics is being exacerbated by the tendency towards younger leaders. Essays In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes? Obama, Cameron, Sarkozy, Merkel these are people who came to in creative, power much younger than their counterparts down the centuries. Seguela, a man of a certain age, remains fascinated by youth and its impact. The brand manager in him can barely disguise his glee that Coca Cola, the drink of the young trendy, is 130 years old.

You can sense the sparknotes, excitement he felt on to write an essay in an, meeting the young Americans not born when Seguela was advising Mitterrand who had developed Obama#8217;s digital strategy and so helped deliver a mailing list of 13m people. Essays Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? The focus on tips an essay in an, youth also dominates his analysis of the political consequences of the economic crash whose impact runs through these pages, and offers some fascinating factoids half of all Europeans are over jean-paul sparknotes, 50, whilst three quarters of Algerians are under 25. Poetry Explication? There are as many people under 30 in essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, China as in Russia, the gay marriage right essay, US and jean-paul sparknotes, Australia combined, and in India twice as many as in China. Educational Ethics? That too is essays sartre sparknotes a powerful force of what depression global change, and will have its impact on Western politics of the future. Sartre Sparknotes? As to what it all means for the next French elections, I don#8217;t know. But this book provides part of the backdrop, economic and political. It should make interesting reading for writing anyone involved in that campaign. Whilst clearly still of the view Sarkozy was and is the right choice for France, (though the polls at in existentialism sparknotes the time of writing indicate he is in a minority) he throws out ideas and challenges for right and left alike. As traditional lines are drawn, careful reading might provoke candidates and educational essay, parties to jean-paul sartre, see that they should always be looking to the next new ideas, not merely repackaging the last new, let alone the what the great, old. I was in Paris recently as a guest of the left think tank, Terra Nova, and met politicians, advisors, militants, experts, journalists and bloggers. I came away with some strong impressions.

Firstly, virtually everyone told me that President Sarkozy was hugely unpopular, and his ratings as low as it was possible to go. Yet many of the same people told me he could still win. They know he relishes a campaign. Essays Jean-paul? They suspect he may have learned from some mistakes. Incumbency is tips to write an essay exam a powerful weapon. A comeback is a powerful narrative. And they worried that with the President so unpopular, the economy sluggish, social issues raw, and essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre, the left in power in many parts of France, the PS should have been doing far better in the polls (to which, incidentally, French politicians and media pay far too much attention.) Of course this was pre selection of a PS candidate. Many of the Socialists agreed with my analysis that once they had chosen the candidate, they needed to unite behind that candidate, resist their historic predilection for factionalism, run a campaign that was fresh, energetic and ba degree, based upon essays jean-paul, a programme totally focused on the future and one which addressed people#8217;s concerns.

They agreed too that the PS could no longer look down its nose at tips to write an essay exam communication, but had to in existentialism sparknotes, see it not just as an essential element of campaigning, but a democratic duty at a time when people have so many pressures on their lives and living standards, and explication essay assignment, concerns about the world around them. But though they agreed with the essays jean-paul sartre, analysis, some worried about the Party’s capacity to deliver upon it. The fear of another defeat ought to be enough, surely, to deliver on the first and essential part: unity. As someone on on how an essay in an exam, the progressive side of the political divide, I continue to think the French left#8217;s over intellectualisation of politics, its focus on never-ending debate instead of agreement around big points and unity behind one accepted leader remains a problem. I added that I felt the way was wide open for someone to come along and essays in existentialism, set out, with total honesty and clarity, the challenges ahead, the limitations of ethics what one leader or one country can do, but explain the in existentialism jean-paul, world and begin to shape direction. Right Or Wrong Essay? In other words, what I sensed behind the seeming confusion and rather disgruntled nature of jean-paul sparknotes French opinion was a real desire for leadership of a strategic rather than a tactical nature. There too, there were concerns, not least because of memories of the negative impact on Lionel Jospin’s campaign when he stated – truthfully – that the State could not do everything. I heard a lot about Marine Le Pen and certainly the polls tell a good story for the leader of the Front National. She has certainly shown she can mount a campaign and get the media to accept a sense of change. When even her enemies refer to as Marine, rather than the more toxic Le Pen, that is something of a success. But whenever I have heard her, I have not heard a powerful argument for right or wrong the future of in existentialism sartre France.

So France enters a fascinating period, where not one single person I met predicted the outcome of either first or second round without at least some doubt in kids pet animals, their eyes. When things are so tight, communications can make the in existentialism sartre sparknotes, difference. It is not a dirty word. Poetry Assignment? I don#8217;t agree with all of Seguela’s analysis. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sparknotes? I don#8217;t accept that only four US presidents radically changed the country. I am not entirely convinced that la pub de la pub is more important than la pub. I am not sure that David Cameron#8217;s loss of right or wrong essay a child had the essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, political impact Seguela thinks it did.

I think Brits will be also be surprised at the dominant role he gives in the Tory campaign to his colleague David Jones. I think he overstates how Sarkozy is seen in the world. I agree with him that we need to be cautious about the potential abuse of the internet which has no global governance or regulation to explication assignment, match, but I#8217;m not sure I agree this risks being #8216;en bras arme de l#8217;anarchie#8217;. But it is a book full of understanding of some of the big themes and the small details required for a successful campaigning mindset. He is, as one would expect for someone who has been close to different leaders, clued up on the importance of good chemistry between leader and strategist. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? He understands the importance of body language as well as language. On How To Write An Essay? He knows the importance of emotion as well as reason. He understands how the web is changing politics. One of sparknotes my favourite phrases is tips on how in an that #8216;life is on the record#8217;.

He has a different way of putting it. #8216;Le #8220;off#8221; n#8217;existe plus desormais. Tout ce que vous direz pourra se retourner contre vous.#8217; It is why the whole #8216;droit d#8217;etre oublie#8217; is emerging as a debate. How many of the young men and women today filling the web with pictures and confessions from in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, their private lives may end up running for office one day, and regretting their openness? On verra. Perhaps I can end where I began, with the changes the social media has brought. At the last election Labour did not do poster campaigns. This was a shame.

In previous campaigns we had had some brilliant posters. But under Gordon Brown, we had very little money for educational essay the campaign. The Tories had plenty of it and, as Seguela records, they ran a lot of posters. One of their most expensive billboard campaigns was of a giant photo of Cameron with an essays in existentialism sparknotes, anti-Labour slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on ba degree in creative writing, like this.#8217; Someone noticed that the Tory leader#8217;s face had been airbrushed. This fact became the source of thousands of tweets. Then someone set up a website mydavidcameron.com where people could send their own, largely anti-Tory, versions of this poster. These were sent in in their thousands, and many were much better, wittier and more politically devastating than the original. I#8217;ll tell you when I knew they had wasted their money when the newspapers carried photos of one giant poster site which had been defaced #8230; Cameron#8217;s hair had been replaced with a painted version of Elvis Presley#8217;s hair, and to jean-paul sparknotes, the slogan #8216;we can#8217;t go on poetry explication essay assignment, like this#8217; had been added the words of essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes one of Elvis#8217; most famous songs #8230; #8216;with suspicious minds#8217;. Essay Kids Pet Animals? The combination of the internet and wit had reduced the political impact of a hugely expensive campaign to zero.

That is my final thought as you begin to read Jacques Seguela’s account. It is a quote from a former colleague, Labour MP Hazel Blears #8230; #8216;Campaigning is like sex. If you#8217;re not enjoying it, you#8217;re not doing it properly.#8217; The ego has landed. fascinating view on the affective, the emotional response of the individual. Tories always bang on about how they view what Labour left them as nefast and noxious, Labour defends limply- the truly great things we did in fact achieve. The above text would clearly show both miss the point. On vote pour le futur. Pas pour le passe. The presidential focus of this text On vote pour un homme.

Pas pour un parti- may jar greatly with many in this country. In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes? T.B was viewed as too much this way by many. Another masochist ? It#8217;s truly weird. The emergence of educational essay social media is an interesting development and may, in time, alter the political dynamic. It is satisfying to in existentialism sartre sparknotes, be able to debate issues online, particularly important for those on poetry explication, the left who so rarely see or hear progressive opinions in the media. Since joining Twitter I feel better informed and in touch with political issues of the day. Useful campaigning information can be spread quickly and it has the potential to strengthen social bonding between groupings of like minded people. I am surprised how many journalists, media organisations and politicians are active on Twitter.

It seems they at least, are aware of its potential and are wary of ignoring its influence. Essays? I suspect much of the antagonism directed towards Nick Clegg was spread through social media. Tenagers don#8217;t generally read newspapers or watch TV news, but they do talk to each other via Facebook. Let#8217;s hope it will make a difference. Essay Kids? Since the collapse of in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes widescale union membership, too many natural Labour supporters don#8217;t hear our political message. Most probably read right wing papers and watch Sky TV. We need to maximise our reach through new social media to counteract the all pervasive right-wing bias everywhere else. Norway is an essay kids, amazing modern country, and how it has used it#8217;s oil and natural resouces for in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes the best of educational ethics essay all its people should be a set lesson to any country in the World.

Efficiency in it#8217;s extraction, and efficiency in using its resulting wealth. And this group from Norway here I have always liked since they started up, here with a guest star from Sweden. Royksopp and jean-paul, Robyn, And well done for educational having respect from La France, but that personally does not surprise me. But the book on sharp end political communication, to tell you honestly, is not up my street. I am into in existentialism, other things in life, you might have noticed. Anyway, Alastair, isn#8217;t it about time you thought of becoming an MP? Glenda Jackson was older than you when she became one, if I remember right. Online Ba Degree Writing? Ah yes, just checked, she was about jean-paul, 56, while you are only, ahem!, 54, but without a couple of oscars#8230; you total wanks. I know who you are and the great dbq essay, everything. You are pathetic in trying to be higher.

Higher than what, you tell we banging keyboard in your own worlds. Need a keyboard to grow vegetibles? Don#8217;t think so somehow. Time, ey? Who#8217;ll have it? Raised with praise to die?

Parentals withering before eyes, heartbreaking before yourself die. Life, who#8217;ll have it? asked? Not by many with sense. To see life#8217;s gymnastics performed, buck over a horse yes or no the normed. In Existentialism Jean-paul? More scandanavian, with a 23 windowed VW german Samba minibus, and red riding hood, yes, her and her subliminal hidden story, Grimm from Copenhagen-like, Saw Clarissa Dickson show today brilliant! Especially when she said you would most probably have a glass of wine, while I will partake in a ginger beer.

Have wild garlic growing everywhere around here, with those baggy flowers and that smell in the air when you pass them. Will have to note them so to dig the bulbs when ready. Gawd knows what garlic strain they be though. After helping Tony Blair to secure a historic third term in office, Alastair Campbell might have hoped to make good his long-planned escape from Downing Street. Blair, and right essay, Gordon Brown, had other ideas.

Having negotiated Brown’s pivotal role in jean-paul sparknotes, the 2005 election victory, Campbell then became fundamental in online in creative writing, the transition from one Prime Minister to essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, another.

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How to Write a Great, Simple Business Plan for a Small Side Business. Several weeks ago, I wrote an article on starting a side business as part of my larger 31 Days to essays jean-paul sparknotes, Financial Independence series. Gay Marriage Right? In that article, I advocated strongly for jean-paul sartre sparknotes writing a business plan for educational ethics essay even a small little side gig: “Develop a real business plan for in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes each idea. Take each of those three ideas and flesh them out into a business plan. This seems like a painful formal process to many, but there’s a very good reason for essay making a business plan: it helps you see the in existentialism jean-paul, potential problems in your idea before you start running with it, which means you can think of ways to get around those problems so that you’re more likely to have success right off the bat. […] I did this with The Simple Dollar (back then, I used a business plan book from the library rather than [the] great SBA resources that exist today) and what caused the great dbq essay, with many other small businesses I’ve dabbled in. The process of writing such a plan has almost always helped me see obstacles and helped me figure out essays in existentialism sartre how to deal with them before they become disasters that I’ve invested many hours in.

I’ve walked away from what depression dbq essay, many ideas after writing a business plan, and for essays in existentialism good reason – they would have turned into black holes of gay marriage right or wrong time and essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, money, slurping away all of those resources and giving me little in return. Once you’ve written up a business plan using these ideas, pass them around to some trusted family members or friends or mentors. Send each one to ethics, a few people and get their feedback. Send them to people you trust and whose advice you trust and take their comments seriously. They might be really negative on an idea that you think is great, but rather than just brushing it off as “jealousy” or something, stop and listen to what they’re saying. Often, the good people in your life are critical of something you’re doing for a reason – they may be seeing something you’re not seeing due to your own blind spots.

Often, this can turn into a feedback cycle, where people give you comments, you improve the business plan, and jean-paul sartre, then you send it to people for a second reading or to new people for a fresh reading. The goal is to develop a plan as well as you can so that you have a strong plan going forward when you start.” This section seems to have touched on essay, the imagination of essays jean-paul sartre quite a few readers, several of ethics whom sent in feedback wanting to know more about sartre writing a plan for a small side gig. Explication Essay? A couple of readers even sent in jean-paul sartre business plans for their side gig for me to look at. The clear consensus among these readers is essay, that they saw the value of the idea of a business plan for essays in existentialism jean-paul their side gig, but that they wanted more guidance.

What should they include? What should they be thinking about? I wrote a few personal responses, but then I quickly realized that it made more sense to put together all of the information in one single article to poetry explication essay assignment, share with everyone. What follows is in existentialism, a guide to assembling a business plan for a small side business. It’s a framework I’ve used many times, including when I was originally planning The Simple Dollar. The value in writing such a plan is that it forces you to think about these issues before you even start so that you don’t throw yourself into a plan that’s doomed to fail. Remember the goal of a small side business: It’s all about creating another revenue stream for you, giving you more income while you still have a main career and possibly giving you something to fall back on if you decide to move away from educational ethics essay, that main career. First, we need to in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, cover a few ground floor assumptions . By its very nature, a small side business is one that doesn’t require a lot of initial funding. Ba Degree In Creative? Whatever funding is required initially is something you’re investing out of pocket. I’m also operating under the sartre sparknotes, assumption that the side business is small enough that you will operate it as a sole proprietorship for online in creative writing the time being. This is jean-paul sartre sparknotes, what people tend to do when they’re tinkering around with solo side business ideas; when something seems to be promising, then they put a business structure around it.

If you’re reaching the point where something more robust is in order, you should take a serious look at in creative writing the business planning resources available from the Small Business Administration, which will guide you through the essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, steps of actually setting up a proper business structure for your activities. This guide is intended for people with a small idea that they can execute on their own without any outside investment and in their spare time – things like starting a YouTube channel, making jewelry or artwork to sell on Etsy, or writing a book. The reason for making a plan for educational ethics this is to eliminate potential roadblocks up front and thus increase the chances that this microbusiness will grow to a point where you should start considering a full business structure, outside investment, loans, and so forth. Ready? Let’s dig in. A business plan is simply a document that outlines what you intend to do to make your business succeed over the next three to essays sartre sparknotes, five years. It looks at potential obstacles in assignment your path and helps you think through solutions to overcome them now so that you’re prepared for them when they arrive. A business plan is not a guarantee of success. What it does instead is essays jean-paul sartre, increases the gay marriage or wrong, chances for success to occur. You have a greater likelihood of having a hit on essays sparknotes, your hands if you created a business plan up front. A business plan is actually just the formalization of a lot of healthy thinking about poetry assignment your business ideas before you start sinking a lot of in existentialism sartre time and caused the great depression, energy (and potentially money) into it.

Remember, with a business plan for a side business, your focus is primarily on turning spare time and energy into money. You’re likely not investing very much money in this, but you are willing to invest time and energy into it. Because of that, most side businesses tend to involve a significant period of very slow and small growth until that cumulative time and effort begins to bring benefits. Keep that in mind as you plan. So, what basic ingredients should you have in essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes your business plan? A summary should be a one page description of your overall business plan, condensing everything down into one page. This should be the first “real” page of your plan (you may want to have a title page and a table of contents first, particularly when you start sharing it with others for review.) A market analysis should include a serious look at who your customers might be, who’s already serving them, and what gaps are available to you in that market. What are you going to online writing, provide that isn’t already being provided to jean-paul sartre, your potential customers? Who are those customers?

Think of customers in a very broad sense – for caused the great example, if you’re going to make a Youtube video channel, your viewers are your customers. Service or products should include whatever it is you intend to make and sell or whatever service it is that you intend to essays jean-paul sartre, provide. In Creative? What exactly are you going to make or offer? What features does it have that makes it distinct? How do those features meet the unmet needs of customers as identified in the market analysis? What is the cost to you to produce this product or service and what will you be charging for it? Remember, starting a business of any size is a waste of essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes your time if you’re not creating something that meets a real unmet need in educational essay the customers you want to serve. Startup materials summarizes what exactly you will need to essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, make this business happen. For a microbusiness, you likely already have most of those materials, but you should still include them here. Assume you have nothing – what do you need to poetry, make this business happen? Where will you be acquiring those things?

Organization is in existentialism sparknotes, basically a description of the time and essay kids, energy you’re going to put into making this a reality. What exactly are you going to essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, be doing regularly in order to make this service or product a reality? Are you going to poetry essay assignment, be spending three evenings a week on it? One full weekend day each week? It is essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, a very good idea to set aside a block of consistent time each week – or multiple ones – toward making this business plan into a reality. Marketing (and sales, if needed) is essay pet animals, pretty straightforward, at least on the surface. You have identified customers with a particular need. You have identified something you can make that will meet that need.

Now, how do you make those customers aware of essays in existentialism sartre your product or service? Without some good answers to that question, you’re not going to attract customers. I honestly recommend starting a Google document for this business plan so that you can access it easily from anywhere and pet animals, add ideas from anywhere as they occur to you. Remember, one of the in existentialism, main values of a plan like this is as a tool to collect your thoughts and organize them into something sensible, which is kids pet animals, very likely to increase your odds of essays sparknotes success. This section really boils down to three questions: Who and where are your customers? What needs or desires do they have that aren’t being fulfilled? What will they give to have those needs or desires fulfilled? In answering them, more information is good, particularly when that information is based on actual data and essay, conversations with potential customers. Do not center this around your own desires or what you think customers might want, or else you’re setting this up for in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes failure. The first step, then, is finding your customers . Who are they?

Who are the people you’re hoping to on how an essay exam, target? Where are they? Where do they spend their time? Do they have time or money available to essays sparknotes, spend on your product or service? The next step is to look at the needs that these customers have that aren’t being fulfilled right now. What are they looking for that they’re not finding? You can find this by looking for where these customers hang out online and reading their comments. What things are they talking about that aren’t being fulfilled? How are they criticizing the products they already use or the things they watch or enjoy?

Is anyone fulfilling that need? For example, I wrote a business plan recently for making a video series of board game reviews. In doing customer research, I went to where potential viewers hung out and looked for the things they said that were missing from exam, review videos. What things did they want to see that no one was really doing? Those comments provided the backbone of my plans for the videos. The next question is whether or not the customers will actually engage with the product. Essays Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? Would they watch videos like this?

Would they read books like this? Would they buy these products? Would they listen to this podcast? The best way to gay marriage or wrong, figure this out is to essays jean-paul, talk to customers. Would they actually give their time or money or energy to ethics, this product if it existed? You’ve identified something that people want that they’d be willing to devote their time and essays jean-paul sparknotes, energy toward. Tips On How To Write Exam? The question is how you’re going to fulfill that need. What are you going to make that matches up with that need? This is where you sketch out your actual product in detail. What are you going to sartre, make? What would individual items look like?

How would you actually make that product? The more detail you go into here, the better. So, again, with my video review idea, I sketched out what a lot of educational individual videos would look like. I identified a review system that I would use, laid out the contents of a typical review video, and made sure to essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes, highlight which bits were really distinctive and potentially of real interest to educational, the customers identified in the market research section. The focus here is on the end product that you’re going to essays in existentialism sartre, create. Define this product as clearly as possible along with the steps you’ll need to take to tips to write an essay in an exam, make that product. Naturally, you’ll probably need some things to make that production happen. Even for in existentialism jean-paul virtual things, you’ll still need a computer and a digital camera of some kind and on how to write an essay exam, likely some kind of internet connection. Jean-paul Sartre? For other things, you’ll definitely need more things. Think through this carefully.

What do you actually need to caused depression, make this product? Assume you have nothing at all. What’s needed to move from nothing to in existentialism sartre sparknotes, the finished product you want? Remember, you should be able to use items you already own for this purpose and you should note that, but there are likely some items that you’ll need to purchase. Make sure that the expense is depression, low – after all, this is intended as a side business with no outside investment. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sparknotes? If the expense is in any way a challenge to you, you may want to rethink things and perhaps define a simpler initial product without as much startup expense.

The organization section should define your workflow. What are you going to be doing each day in explication essay order to make this product a success? What are the steps in creating each product? What time are you setting aside regularly to make this happen? For a larger business, the organization section is in existentialism jean-paul, more about figuring out roles for to write an essay exam various people and outlining what their roles would be like, but in jean-paul sparknotes a side gig, you’re the only person involved and you’re filling all roles, so the organization section is all about thinking about the educational ethics essay, work that needs to be done, how you’re going to do it, and how you’re going to in existentialism jean-paul sartre, find the on how, time and energy to do it.

Don’t be afraid to jean-paul, consider a point in the future where you may need some assistance with the business, but that shouldn’t be the what caused depression dbq essay, focus. The focus should be on how you are going to get the products made in essays sparknotes the short term. The marketing section is poetry essay, all about in existentialism sartre making sure that your target customers actually hear about your product in to write an essay exam a way that won’t alienate them right off the bat. Remember, this doesn’t necessarily mean advertising – in fact, with a small side project like this, it probably doesn’t mean paid ads. Instead, you should focus on in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, things like becoming a part of essay a community of fans or people with shared interests and essays in existentialism jean-paul, sharing what you made when the opportunity sensibly presents itself. What Caused The Great Dbq Essay? Almost all communities resent it when someone from essays in existentialism sartre, outside comes in and pushes their new thing or even if a regular member incessantly pushes something, but if it’s from a regular member who has consistently provided good input, a little self-promotion is usually welcomed and even celebrated a little bit. This is a great way for you to get your product known to customers. On How To Write An Essay In An? Get deeply involved in communities where your customers reside. Be a helpful, positive member of those communities. When you have a good product, share it, but do it in a context that’s actually meaningful to jean-paul sartre sparknotes, the members of the community and serves an actual purpose, like responding to a question or adding a resource to a collection of resources, rather than pushing that product on its own. A single announcement is fine, but you can create backlash if you overdo it.

When you have all of these sections written, write the summary, which basically sums up each section in a single short paragraph so that the summary of the to write exam, whole thing fits on one page and put that at the front. Then… let it sit. Essays In Existentialism Sartre? Just save it and don’t think about it for a week or two. Don’t even look at it. After that time, open it up and start editing it. Tips An Essay? Clarify things that are unclear. Fix up any big flaws in your thinking that are now apparent because you gave it some time to in existentialism sparknotes, rest. Answer any additional questions that you thought of while you were letting it rest. You may find that doing this in online ba degree writing a few cycles is really useful. Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? More importantly, you’ll probably feel your plans getting better and stronger, and the better and gay marriage right or wrong essay, stronger the plans, the more likely those plans will result in success.

Once you’re happy with your plan, take that plan to a trusted mentor or friend, someone you trust deeply and whose opinion you’ll respect, even if it’s critical. Ask them to read the plan and give you any feedback they might have. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sparknotes? You can “repay” them by taking them out to lunch and hearing their critiques there or finding some other small way of thanking them, especially when they provide extended feedback. This may turn into a feedback loop. You may end up going back into right your own cycle of revisions to improve things as you think about their feedback. You may end up sending a revised edition to that mentor for further feedback. You may end up taking a revised plan to a second mentor. The goal of all of this is the same: you’re trying to identify as many flaws in your plan as you can before you start so that you don’t get sidelined by those flaws later on. The more effort you put in here, the greater your chances for essays in existentialism success.

Trust your gut, though. Online Ba Degree Writing? There will come a point where the plan is pretty good, both in in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes your eyes and in the eyes of the people who review it. When that happens, it’s time to launch and tips on how to write an essay exam, get the process started. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre? Go put that plan to good use and start earning a healthy side income! Let’s be clear: This process takes a while. It involves a lot of thinking about what you’re going to do without taking action. Many people don’t want to invest that time. Those people have a much higher rate of failure. They throw time and effort and money down dead end streets. They spin their wheels and never really achieve the things they want to achieve. Why?

They didn’t think first. Abraham Lincoln once said, “Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” Writing a business plan is the gay marriage, “sharpening the axe” part of the equation. The person who goes out there with the dull axe right off the bat is the person without a plan, and that person is going to find their arms getting tired. They’re going to be frustrated by essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, their lack of ethics essay progress. They’re going to get blisters. And they’re going to quit.

Sharpen your axe first by essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre, writing a plan and every move you make based on that plan will have a real impact that will move you forward. May the plan you develop turn into a very successful side gig for you, one that brings in some additional income and maybe even grows into something beyond your wildest dreams. Get rid of high interest debt with a 0% balance transfer credit card. Earn credit card points toward your favorite ways to travel. Save money and expand your travel budget by tips on how in an, packing any one of these cards on essays in existentialism sparknotes, your trip. A comprehensive guide to maximizing rewards and getting paid back for everything you buy. Just sign up to The Simple Dollar Daily and start saving today.

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The Representation Negritude Essay. Negritude was a cultural movement initiated by the Afro- American poets living in the Caribbean Islands which aimed at the awakening of the race consciousness and the sense of in existentialism sartre identity among the black people. Paralleled by other similar movements, like the Harlem Renaissance in America, Negritude endeavored to redefine the or wrong black culture and to save it from the white domineering influence that promised to in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes absorb it in its own structures. Also, the Negritude was an educational ethics, anti-racist stream which criticized the white people’s attitude towards the people of a different race. One of the most important poets of Negritude was Aime Cesaire, an Afro-American born in Martinique at the beginning of the twentieth century. The term “Negritude” was at first used and defined by him in his Notebook of essays jean-paul sartre a Return to a Native Land. Cesaire criticized for example, the fixed view on blackness that the white culture promoted and encouraged the online ba degree in creative writing Afro- Americans to value their culture as something alive. As he emphasizes, the in existentialism sartre sparknotes black culture is not a stone, that is, something rigid and dead but rather something alive, that “plunges into the red flesh of the soil” and that “riddles with holes”: “my Negritude is not a stone / nor a deafness flung against the clamor of the day / my Negritude is ba degree in creative writing not a white speck of dead water / on the dead eye of the earth /my Negritude is jean-paul sparknotes neither tower nor cathedral / it plunges into the red flesh of the soil /it plunges into or wrong essay, the blazing flesh of the sky / my Negritude riddles with holes /the dense affliction of its worthy patience. Jean-paul Sartre? “(Cesaire, 1990, 17) However, although Negritude was an intellectual movement that was centered on learning to know and understand otherness, it failed to integrate gender as well.

At the tips an essay exam beginning, the movement was led only by sparknotes, male activists and writers, and consequently, the black women were represented strictly from the masculine perspective. Therefore, some of the black women started another movement within Negritude that could be called black feminism. They felt that neither Negritude nor Feminism represented in the right manner, since the black cultural movement was led by men and the white feminists that had already formed intellectual groups like that of explication assignment Gertrude Stein for example, were actually ignorant of the condition of the black woman. The Afro- American woman had a different identity than the white woman, and faced even more discrimination from society because of essays sartre her race. She was twice oppressed by the others, as a woman and as a colored person at the same time, and had no discourse of pet animals her own. Many of the male poets of the Negritude spoke of the black women in their works, but when they did, they represented them merely as mothers or lovers, that is, in the same offices that the essays in existentialism jean-paul traditionalist society had always seen them. The role of the woman was strictly that of the mother or wife of man, therefore secondary, as in the white cultural discourse. At the same time, although the white feminists represented the invisibleness of women in general, the black women with their specific background were absent from their discourse. The black poets of the Negritude movement such as Langston Hughes, Aime Cesaire or Leopold Sedar Senghor represent women as either mothers or lovers, or even mere objects for desire. For example, Langston Hughes The Negro Mother represents the educational essay black woman as a mythological mother-figure, who “carries the seed” of the race. The woman is in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes seen essentially as a carrier of man’ seed primarily, the origin of all things.

The role that Hughes attributes to women is educational very important and is probably inspired by sparknotes, the traditional ancient matriarchic African view of the world, but the essay kids women are still not represented according to their identity. They are symbolic mother figures that suffers for her race and jean-paul sartre, protects her people: “I am the dark girl who crossed the red sea / Carrying in my body the seed of the free. /I am the woman who worked in educational ethics, the field /Bringing the in existentialism jean-paul sartre cotton and the corn to explication yield. /I am the one who labored as a slave, /Beaten and mistreated for the work that I gave — /Children sold away from me, I’m husband sold, too. /No safety, no love, no respect was I due[…]” (Hughes, 1989, 77) The woman described by Hughes feels happy and fulfilled not because of what she is, but, in the traditional way, because of her sufferance and in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, sacrifice and because of the children she bore: “Now, through my children, young and free, /I realized the essay blessing deed to me. /I couldn’t read then. Essays Sartre Sparknotes? I couldn’t write. /I had nothing, back there in the night. /Sometimes, the valley was filled with tears, /But I kept trudging on through the lonely years. /Sometimes, the road was hot with the sun, /But I had to keep on till my work was done[…]”(Hughes, 1989, 77) Also, it is obvious that the woman has a rear role, although seemingly an poetry assignment, important one: she is the one that encourages the jean-paul sparknotes race to caused dbq essay fight for essays sartre sparknotes, their freedom and to keep going. Or Wrong? The black woman stands in the shadow having merely a protective motherly function: “Lift high my banner out of the dust. /Stand like free men supporting my trust. /Believe in the right, let none push you back. /Remember the whip and essays jean-paul sartre, the slaver’s track. […]/For I will be with you till no white brother Dares keep down the children of the Negro Mother. ” (Hughes, 1989, 77) The same thing happens in in creative, another poem by Hughes, entitled Mother to Son – the woman is the mother who encourages her son to move forward, and essays jean-paul sparknotes, not be set back by any kind of an essay in an obstacles: “So, boy, don’t you turn back. In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes? / Don’t you set down on the steps. /’Cause you finds it’s kinder hard. / Don’t you fall now—/ For I’se still goin’, honey,/ I’se still climbin’,/ And life for ba degree in creative writing, me ain’t been no crystal stair. ”(Hughes, 1989, 100) Leopold Senghor also represents the essays sparknotes woman as a mother, but this time in a subjective manner as he addresses the poem to his own mother. The poem is almost written in a reproachful tone that criticizes the mother for not being caring enough, “you do not hear me when I hear you”. Senghor therefore also views motherhood as the essential role of any woman, a role in which it would be inexcusable for her to fail: “Be Blessed, Mother! / I will not send the East Wind over these sacred images as over/ the sands of the road.

You do not hear me when I hear you, like an anxious mother/ who forgets to what caused depression push Button A/ But I will not efface the footprints of in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes my father or of my/ father’s fathers in this head open to all the winds and plunders of the North. Poetry? / Mother, in this study lined with Latin and Greek, breathe the/ fumes of the evening victims of my heart. / May the protecting spirits save my blood from slackening like/ that of the assimilated and the civilized! ”(Senghor, 1976, 134) One of the very well known poems by Senghor called Black Woman, represents the in existentialism jean-paul female in the role of the lover this time. The eroticism of the lines clearly hint at the traditional woman who is hunted and wooed by essay, man, “moaning under the hands of the conqueror”: “Naked woman, dark woman/ Ripe fruit with firm flesh, dark raptures of black wine, / Mouth that gives music to my mouth/ Savanna of clear horizons, savanna quivering to in existentialism the fervent caress/ Of the East Wind, sculptured tom-tom, stretched drumskin/ Moaning under the hands of the conqueror/ Your deep contralto voice is the spiritual song of the / Beloved. “(Senghor, 1976, 156) The black woman is educational seen as an exotic female lover, and the African setting suites the description: “Woman, rest on my brow your balsam hands, your hands/ gentler than fur. / The tall palm trees swinging in the night wind/ Hardly rustle. Not even cradle songs. / The rhythmic silence rocks us. /Listen to its song, listen to the beating of our dark blood,/ listen / To the beating of the sartre dark pulse of Africa in gay marriage right or wrong essay, the mist of lost/ villages. ”(Senghor, 1976, 157) In the end, the poet jealously proclaims himself as the author of the essays jean-paul song about the black woman. She is trapped in gay marriage right, his discourse, as his creation, and she depends on essays in existentialism sparknotes his writing so as to be a part of the eternal world: “Naked woman, dark woman/ Oil that no breath ruffles, calm oil on the athlete’s flanks of the Princes of Mali/ Gazelle limbed in Paradise[…] I sing your beauty that passes/ the form that I fix in poetry assignment, the eternal, /Before jealous fate turn you to essays in existentialism sartre ashes to feed the roots of what caused depression dbq essay life. ” (Senghor, 159) Therefore, the black woman is essentially dominated by the male discourse. She is the oil on the athlete’s limbs, that is, a sexual element that is used for pleasure.

In another poem by Hughes, the woman again appears as conquered and dominated by man. He promises her to take to make her completely his and to be as a God for her: “I will take you heart. / I will take your soul out of your body/ As though I were God. / I will not be satisfied With the touch of sartre your hand/ Nor the sweet of your lips alone. / I will take your heart for mine. / I will take your soul. / I will be God when it comes to you. ” (Hughes, 1989, 122) Aime Cesaire Prophecy is also very enlightening for the way in which women were viewed in Negritude. The poet makes a prophecy about a time when, among other things, women will “shine forth with language”, that is, will have their own discourses. The fact that this is a prophecy is an obvious acknowledgement of the fact that women are not as yet speakers, neither for themselves nor for other matters in society: “There,/ Where adventure keeps clear its eye/ Where women are shining forth with language/ Where death is beautiful in your hand as a bird/ milky time/ Where the subterranean passage through its own/ genuflecting gathers a wealth of educational ethics essay eyelids fiercer than caterpillars/ Where for the wonder it’s all grist and fire to the nimble mill[…]”(Cesaire, 1990, 83) aques Lacan observed that the image of negritude itself was phallic, as it tried to reestablish the black man as a master, or a person that is no longer oppressed: “The image of negritude as phallus serves several functions for the subject.

As a corrective device, it revalorizes the black man, symbolically castrated throughout the text by the forces of oppression. It is the perfect metaphor for the desired union between the subject and primal forces in nature. In Existentialism Jean-paul? ”(Kalikoff, 1995, 23) Because the depression black women could not find themselves in these representations that Negritude offered, they tried to form their own identity. Women such as Sharpley- Whiting, Suzanne Cesaire and the Nardal sisters formed intellectual groups that discussed black feminism. As Mori observes in her article, in Sharpley- Whiting’s works women are no longer marginalized as intellectuals: “The movement is generally examined through the works of male writers, such as Aime Cesaire, Leopold Sedar Senghor, and essays in existentialism, Leon Damas. Sharpley-Whiting, however, counters the male-centered interpretations and offers a new outlook on the gender politics within the caused depression Negritude movement. Sharpley-Whiting argues that the essays sparknotes male leaders of the movement marginalized black female intellectuals such as Jane and Paulette Nardal and Suzanne Cesaire from poetry essay Martinique. ”(Mori, 2003, 658) In her book entitled Negritude Women, Sharpley- Whiting discusses the absence of the in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes black women from the representation of the white feminist: “Barney set up a ‘formal,’ essentially white feminist colony that transcended class, and Stein preferred to cultivate relations with a predominantly male French and tips on how in an exam, American expatriate community in her ‘casual’ Parisian salon. ”(Sharpley- Whiting 2002, 34) The main point that the essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes author tried to make in her book was that the women needed to what caused gain an intellectual status, just like the man, and to have their own discourse: “Suzanne Roussy-Cesaire’s intellectual legacy has suffered the fate of many talented women married to prominent men—marginalization. ”(Sharpley- Whiting 2002, 12) Lurnka Funani observed also that the essence of the Afro- American feminist movement was to essays in existentialism address the problems specific to poetry Negritude, but to include the female perspective as well: “The question that tore the essays sparknotes conference apart was ‘Should white women present papers about black women’s experiences? This question was raised by ba degree, an Afro-American. Before this question was addressed, the essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes next question was asked, ‘What do American women know about the struggle in Africa? ‘ “(Coetzee, 2001, 344) Although it was acknowledged that all women were oppressed, the tips on how black women felt it necessary to speak for themselves and to choose their own identity: “[…]A central tenet of modern feminist thought has been the assertion that ‘all women are oppressed’. Essays Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? This assertion implies that women share a common lot, that factors like class, race, religion, sexual preference, etc. do not create a diversity of experience that determines the extent to which sexism will be an oppressive force in the lives of individual women. Sexism as a system of domination is institutionalized but it has never determined in an absolute way the online in creative writing fate of all women in this society.

Being oppressed means the absence of choices[…]”(Coetzee, 2001, 345) The black women appear thus as very important agents in essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes, the Negritude movement, since they included the missing part – a discourse of the right essay black female that could be the counterpart of that of the black man. The women appeared somewhat later in essays sartre sparknotes, the chronologic line of the gay marriage right or wrong essay movement, which was initially coordinated by men only. The myth of Orpheus and Eurydice may serve as a good commentary for the problem of essays in existentialism jean-paul feminism in gay marriage right essay, Negritude. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? Thus, Orpheus was a the figure of the poet and gay marriage right, the singer that enthralled everyone with his song, to the point that his listeners became almost spellbound when they heard him. When his lover Eurydice dies he goes after her in the Inferno and manages to convince the guards to set her free with his lyre. However, he loses her again because he looks back to see if she followed him out of the underworld. Essays In Existentialism Sparknotes? The myth can be compared with the way in which women are represented by men in the Negritude discourse, as dependant on the man’s song or writing, as bound down by in creative, the spell of the male speech. Essays In Existentialism? As Orpheus fails to save Eurydice so man failed to represent the black woman in online ba degree, his Negritude discourse. Reference List: Cesaire, A. 1990. Lyric and dramatic poetry 1946-82.

Charlottesville: University of Vancouver Press. Cesaire, A. 2001. Notebook of a return to the native land. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press Coetzee, J. P. 2001. Jean-paul Sartre? The African philosophy reader. Tips An Essay Exam? New York: Routledge.

Kalikoff, Hedy. 1995 “Gender, Genre and Geography in Aime Cesaire’s Cahier d’un retour au pays natal,” in Callaloo, Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 492-505. Mori, A.. 2003. “Negritude Women. ” African American Review. Vol. Essays Jean-paul? 37 Senghor, L, S. 1976.

Prose and poetry. London: Heinemann Educational. What Dbq Essay? Sharpley- Whiting. 2002. Negritude women. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul? Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 10 August 2016.

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A student’s guide to Jean-Paul Sartre’s Existentialism…

26 Graphic Design Resume Tips for Landing Your Dream Job. Essays Jean-paul Sartre. When it comes to creating resumes, graphic designers are lucky. On How To Write An Essay. Not many fields allow for potential employees to directly demonstrate their work-related skills with the resume itself. Pastry chefs don#8217;t get to essays sartre sparknotes bake their resumes into a cake, teachers can#8217;t assign their resumes as homework, and lawyers aren#8217;t given the chance to defend their resumes to a jury. But graphic designers can – and poetry assignment, should – treat their resume as they would a sample in their portfolio. The design of your resume can help potential employers and clients get a feel for your style and creativity, which is in existentialism something you just can#8217;t get from a standard letter-style resume. Graphic design resumes can be challenging, since the standard rules of resume creation do not apply . Your resume has to ride a fine line between pizazz and professionalism—too much of explication essay, one and not enough of the essays sartre sparknotes other can hurt your chances of employment. Whether you#8217;re just starting out ba degree, your career or you#8217;re an old pro who#8217;s looking for new opportunities, these graphic design resume tips will help put you one step closer to your goal. The very first item to include in your resume is essays in existentialism sartre your full contact info. Include your name, phone number, e-mail address and any pertinent URLs, such as your online portfolio or website.

Depending on the situation, you may want to on how exam include more information. If you#8217;re sending your resume via snail mail, then you#8217;ll definitely want to include your home or office address. Forget to add your contact information to your resume and you can kiss your chances of getting hired goodbye. Photo Credit: Charlotte Allen. Your contact info should be placed at the very top or bottom of the page so that it can be easily located.

If your resume is essays in existentialism jean-paul two pages, be sure to include the contact info on the second page as well. This way, potential employers will still be able to contact you in the event that your resume pages are accidentally separated. A long time ago, someone decided it was a good idea to include an #8220;objective#8221; statement at the top of a resume—even though everybody knows that the objective of any resume is to find employment. As such, objective statements are starting to educational go out of fashion-frankly, you can take them or leave them. Graphic design resume already tend to essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes have very unique formats; it doesn’t seem all that important to stay traditional when your resume itself will be anything but. If you do decide to include an objective statement, make sure it#8217;s not something generic like #8220;Objective: I want to have a career as a professional designer.#8221; Put your unique spin on your objective statement and personalize it for ba degree in creative the job you#8217;re applying for. Make the objective something that would benefit your employer as much as it would benefit you. For example, your objective could be to essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes help new businesses create long-lasting, recognizable brand identities. If possible, your resume should fit on a single page. Photo Credit: Anton Yermolov. You#8217;ve done a lot of great things with your life, both professionally and personally—but not every one of your achievements needs to be listed in your resume.

Keep it simple. The person reading your resume has to go through several applicants, and if your resume is tips on how an essay in an too long or too dense, you#8217;ll hurt your chances of making an impression. Think of essays in existentialism, your resume like a snapshot—a single photograph can tell a detailed, vivid story without needing extraneous details. Your resume is like a snapshot of your entire professional career thus far. It#8217;s like a highlight reel that shows only the the great best of the best. The best resumes are a single page, if possible.

It#8217;s entirely okay to spill over onto essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, two pages if necessary, but it#8217;s always a good idea to have a one-page version of your resume ready to educational ethics essay go in case an employer specifies that they only want to jean-paul sartre see one-page resumes. There was a time when #8220;everybody#8221; exaggerated on their resumes, but that was before Google was invented. These days, employers and gay marriage right or wrong essay, clients can and will find out in existentialism sparknotes, everything there is to gay marriage essay know about a designer before working with them, so resist the urge to embellish. For one thing, if you#8217;re caught in your own lie, it#8217;s going to pretty much nullify your chances of getting the jean-paul job. But the other factor you have to consider is that employers are going to hold you to whatever skill level you claim to on how to write an essay in an have. If you can#8217;t deliver the results they expect, the job may not last long even if you get it. There are, however, some gray areas where honesty is concerned. If there are a few blemishes in your work history (such as being let go from a previous position), you can decide exactly how much information you want to essays sartre sparknotes reveal.

Don#8217;t feel like you#8217;re obligated to showcase your worst moments along with your best. Unless you#8217;re going for a truly offbeat presentation, employers could probably care less about your preference for fruity shampoo. Photo Credit: Luke Sutton. Stick to to write in an exam the facts—your resume should be a representation of your professional experience and skill level. You don#8217;t need to essays jean-paul sparknotes include extraneous details like your age, your part-time job in high school or your favorite hobbies.

Your resume should focus on tips to write in an exam, the information that makes you look like the top candidate for the job. However, there are a few details you may want to include that don#8217;t necessarily line up directly with the job you#8217;re applying for, but are helpful for essays jean-paul sparknotes understanding you as a person. For example, if you served in the military, you#8217;d want to consider including that detail if your military experience helped to inform the way you conduct your work as a designer (you#8217;re used to taking orders and staying cool in high-pressure situations). Assignment. Make sure to essays jean-paul sparknotes be detailed when talking about your past work experiences and clients. Recruiters want to know what you did for gay marriage or wrong essay past employers, but it#8217;s not enough to just list a bunch of tasks that you were responsible for. You also want to include the results of your hard work. Just saying that you helped a past client run a print campaign isn#8217;t going to excite anyone. Essays In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes. But proving that your print designs helped drive up sales and on how an essay, conversions will definitely get people#8217;s attention. If you can provide specific statistics to back up your claims, you#8217;ll make a much bigger impression. Please do not call yourself a #8220;graphic design ninja.#8221; Please. Recruiters hate this kind of stuff, and you won#8217;t be the first designer to try and essays sartre, dazzle them with how cool and witty you are.

And in doing so, you#8217;ll automatically look the opposite right, of cool or witty—you#8217;ll come off as an essays in existentialism sparknotes annoying slave to tips to write an essay trends. There may be the rare occasion when you see a job advertisement looking specifically for a #8220;design ninja#8221; or #8220;rock star#8221; or something equally weird. If that#8217;s the case, then by all means, play to the room—but you#8217;ll probably want to do that in the cover letter anyway. One of the in existentialism jean-paul most common graphic design resume mistakes that people make is in an writing a cover letter that#8217;s basically just a long form version of their resume. That#8217;s not what a cover letter is sparknotes for—it#8217;s your introduction to essay pet animals the employer and a chance to explain why you fit what they#8217;re looking for. Essays In Existentialism Sparknotes. Your cover letter should be personalized for tips an essay in an the business you#8217;re applying to.

When responding to a job listing or want ad, your cover letter should be a direct response to whatever it is the essays jean-paul sparknotes employer is asking for in a designer. For example, if the ad stresses that they need someone who can start working as soon as possible, your cover letter should mention your availability. To Write An Essay In An Exam. Keep the letter brief; it should only be one page, period. Use small paragraphs and get to the point as quickly as possible. You can assume your cover letter is going to be skimmed for information, so don#8217;t make it too dense. End your letter with a professional salutation that includes your contact information. When you#8217;re done writing your resume, you#8217;re not actually done writing your resume. In Existentialism. You still have to edit for spelling, grammar and gay marriage, clarity. Automatic spellcheckers aren#8217;t infallible, and essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes, don#8217;t always account for phrasing and proper nouns. You#8217;ll want to make sure the gay marriage right or wrong names of your references and past employers are all spelled correctly.

Grammar is a little harder to check, and even spellcheckers that also check grammar can miss glaring errors. It helps to read your resume out essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes, loud; when something doesn#8217;t sound right, it can be an essay indication that the grammar is off. Essays In Existentialism. This also helps you catch omitted words. If you don#8217;t feel comfortable with checking your own work, have someone else do it for you. Exam. This is essays a good idea even if you do feel confident in your own abilities as an editor; a second pair of eyes will often catch something you never noticed before. Put away Microsoft Word for now. When creating the gay marriage right essay look of your resume, whip out design software such as InDesign or Illustrator. That way, you can create a cohesive design scheme that you can use both online and in print. In Existentialism Sartre. This also helps make it easier for employers and clients to what the great depression bridge the gap between your print resume and essays in existentialism jean-paul, your online portfolio, since they have a similar visual brand. Online Ba Degree. The look of your resume gives you a chance to in existentialism sparknotes show off the more unique parts of your personality.

Photo Credit: Rianti Wong. Showing people your true personality is ethics a bit of a risk. After all, there#8217;s a chance you might not be the sort of person they want to work with. But that#8217;s okay. In the long run, you#8217;re going to have more success working for clients who understand and essays jean-paul sartre, appreciate you and gay marriage, your work. It#8217;s better to in existentialism sparknotes be rejected for being yourself than to explication essay assignment try and fake a completely made-up persona because you think it#8217;s what employers are looking for. That being said, you still need to essays jean-paul sparknotes be professional and demonstrate to employers that you can use your style to right or wrong sell a brand.

In this case, the brand just happens to be you, so you should approach it from the essays jean-paul same angle you#8217;d approach any other client. Figure out kids pet animals, what makes you stand out and inject those unique qualities into your work, but in a way that will reach your audience (who, in this case, are potential employers and clients.) Templates are useful tools for making quick designs, but as a rule of thumb, you shouldn#8217;t use templates to create your resume. For starters, you never know who else is essays in existentialism jean-paul using the same template. If a potential client or employer sees you have the same resume design as another designer, they#8217;re likely going to ignore the both of gay marriage or wrong, you. Worse case scenario: the employer is actually impressed by essays in existentialism jean-paul, the template design, and then disappointed later on when they discover that you have a different style and skill level altogether. The design you pick for on how to write exam your resume should be representative of what you can do for a potential employer. In Existentialism Sartre. Sure, you save time and energy using a template—but you should want to put time and energy into something that represents you. Kids Pet Animals. If you do decide to use a template, you should at least make enough alterations to in existentialism jean-paul sartre the design so that it doesn#8217;t look like you used a template. Ethics. Graphic design resume templates can be a good learning tool for figuring out techniques to use in your own design, but using a template like a fill-in-the-blank form is just going to essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes hurt your chances of employment. Color in your resume works best in gay marriage right essay, small doses. Photo Credit: Sarah Catanzariti.

Be smart about your color choices. Unlike other professionals, graphic designers get to inject some color and in existentialism sparknotes, personality into their resumes. This can be highly advantageous, as different colors can invoke different emotions from gay marriage right your audience. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes. Using the right colors in poetry essay, your resume can help you play to the recruiter#8217;s emotions. For example, the color blue evokes feelings of security and stability, which would therefore make you seem like a secure choice for the job. Use too many colors at once, and you risk muddling your message and essays sparknotes, making your resume look unprofessional. Again, you have to think of ethics, yourself as a brand; most brands only use one or two colors to represent themselves. Plus, using fewer colors gives you more printing options (see CMYK vs PMS printing) and makes the design easier to convert to black-and-white if need be.

When it comes to resumes, fashion should never trump functionality. At the end of the day, your resume is still a resume and it has to function as one, which means recruiters need to essays in existentialism sartre be able to read the important information you#8217;ve included. Fonts should be simple and what dbq essay, readable. Forget all the fancy flourished font faces and stick with something legible. You should also make sure the font size is big enough, both in your digital and physical resumes. The layout of your resume should have a logical flow and essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes, arranged in online ba degree writing, a way that favors the way we read the page (hint: it#8217;s left to right.) Color can also be an issue, both font color and the surrounding colors used in the design. Some colors clash and can be hard to read, while others blend into one another in a way that makes them practically invisible. Sartre Sparknotes. At the end of the day, the information in your resume should take priority over your design aspirations. Infographic-style resumes can make a great impression, so long as the what depression style doesn#8217;t overpower the substance. Photo Credit: Stuart Mayhew. Who doesn#8217;t love an in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes infographic?

They break down big picture ideas into easy-to-digest points, and do so in a way that#8217;s entertaining and exciting. Pet Animals. A lot of the best graphic design resumes contain the best elements of infographics, and sartre sparknotes, some designers have excelled at completely converting their resumes into an infographic format. Tread carefully if you decide to go this route. If you focus too much on the visual design, you#8217;ll run the ethics essay risk of overshadowing the important information your resume contains. In Existentialism Jean-paul. If you go too far off the pet animals beaten path, you might find recruiters aren#8217;t really reading your resume at all. Remember, these people often have piles of resumes to sort through, so if your resume takes more effort than most to read, it#8217;s going to come off as a negative. Essays Jean-paul Sparknotes. Another way to poetry explication essay assignment appeal to essays in existentialism sparknotes recruiters who have to in creative read dozens of resumes at a time is to use ample whitespace.

This is true for both your resume and your cover letter, even if you stick to in existentialism jean-paul a standard, text-only resume. Whitespace helps break up your resume and makes it easier to read. Essay. Photo Credit: Dejmus. Whitespace makes it easier to quickly scan for information, which means that all the important points you make in your resume and cover letter have a better chance of actually being seen. Use lists to break up information and keep paragraphs brief. In Existentialism Sartre. When your resume is a wall of text, it exhausts the eye and essay kids pet animals, makes the recruiter miss out on a lot of the most important points because they#8217;re not reading every single word. Be consistent in the way you present yourself. How many times in these tips do we have to say it? You are a brand, so treat yourself like one.

Have a consistent branding design scheme in any media that represents you. Your resume should have a design that matches your portfolio, cover letter, business card and anything else you might show off to a potential employer. The same goes for any digital portfolios, resumes or promotional websites you might use. This demonstrates to recruiters that you have the in existentialism jean-paul ability to essay craft an essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes entire branded identity, and that you can keep that consistent design quality throughout multiple mediums. It also helps keep your work all tied together in a neat little package. Recruiters never need to play the guessing game as to tips on how to write in an exam which business card goes with which resume; they can tell just by looking that the sartre sparknotes two are a match.

Your resume should match the brand identity of your business cards, portfolio and any other print media you use. Photo Credit: Afifah Idrus. Send a digital copy in PDF format. Right Or Wrong Essay. Depending on the situation, you may have to send a digital copy of your resume to potential employers. In this case, PDF is the essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre best format.

Why PDF? Well for starters, you never know what kind of office program your employer is used to, and there#8217;s a chance that a text document that looks fine on your computer will not look the same on theirs due to compatibility issues. Sure, most people can open a .doc file, but it#8217;s a somewhat unpredictable format depending on what program a person uses to open it. Practically everybody can open a PDF, and on how in an exam, it#8217;s going to look the same across the board no matter what (provided you embed fonts correctly). You don#8217;t have to worry about compatibility issues or whether or not they#8217;ll have the right fonts. Most importantly, this allows you to have more graphical options for jean-paul the look of your resume. Just one pro-tip for sending a digital copy of your resume: avoid using a generic file name like #8220;resume.pdf.#8221; Instead, put your name right inside the file name itself, such as #8220;John-Smith-Resume.pdf.#8221; Keep it as simple as that. You might use other words in your file names to assignment keep things organized (such as #8220;John-Smith-Resume-Final-Draft.pdf#8221;) but you want to keep these words out of the file that you actually send to employers. Why would you go through the trouble of creating a resume that is colorful and visually appealing just to throw out all of your hard work by jean-paul, photocopying it?

Photocopies might be cost effective, but they#8217;re not as effective at getting you the job, mostly because they strip away all the personality and charm your resume design once had. For starters, unless you designed your resume to look good in black-and-white, you#8217;re going to lose a lot of the detail and impact your design once had. Photocopies also tend to be extremely low quality. It#8217;s hard to control the ba degree writing quality of the ink, so you often end up with results that look too dark or washed out. Essays In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes. Photocopier paper is of cheap quality and it feels that way, too. Plus, photocopies always have that oily feel and strong smell from the ink that#8217;s used. The only an essay, time you want to essays in existentialism jean-paul use a photocopier is what caused the great if you#8217;re running off a text-only version of essays jean-paul sartre, your resume or copying your cover letter. And even then, you#8217;ll have better results just running it off of your printer each time, preferably on educational essay, a professional-looking letterhead. Your resume should be nicely printed on essays in existentialism sparknotes, quality stock.

Photo Credit: Ashley Spencer. You#8217;re asking employers and clients to invest in you as a designer; the least you can do is invest a little in poetry explication, yourself. Make your resume really pop by using high quality paper stock. If a recruiter can simply feel the difference between your resume and essays in existentialism sparknotes, everybody else#8217;s, it will be a huge help towards getting it to the top of the poetry explication essay pile. Just like any other print media, the feel of your resume can say a lot about you to potential employers. Jean-paul Sartre. A weak, flimsy stock portrays the message that you#8217;re a weak, flimsy designer, even if that#8217;s not the case. You don#8217;t have to go overboard.

After all, you#8217;re trying to make money here, not spend it. Kids Pet Animals. But you should see this as an investment towards your future. It#8217;s worth the essays in existentialism sartre extra effort if the job or client is a big opportunity and every little thing you can do to demonstrate your value over online ba degree writing, every other designer is going to help bring you one step closer to your career goals. Make sure your files are high-quality. For the best results when printing your resume, make sure the file is saved in a format with at least 300 dpi or more.

This rings true for essays jean-paul sartre both printed and poetry, digital resumes, because there#8217;s always a chance your employer will print your resume for one reason or another. The importance of this step goes beyond just making sure your design looks its best—it#8217;s also to ensure that your resume is jean-paul sartre easy to read. At a smaller resolution, your text can look blurry, and if your resume is hard to read, it#8217;s going to end up in the trash. Sometimes being a little weird and an essay, pushing your creativity to in existentialism jean-paul sartre the limit can be a huge benefit towards making you stand out from the crowd. But other times, it can just be annoying.

A lot of educational essay, designers who take the high-risk/high-reward route when designing their resume get hung up on the #8220;reward#8221; part and forget the jean-paul sartre #8220;risk#8221; entirely. Stand out from the caused the great depression dbq essay crowd, yes, but avoid being #8220;that person#8221; that goes down in infamy for sending an in existentialism entire resume on a jigsaw puzzle with a note that says #8220;figure me out.#8221; Believe it or not, graphic design firms are used to receiving unconventional resumes, which means you aren#8217;t being nearly as clever as you think and you run a higher risk of being annoying than adored. Creative, gimmick-based resumes can be effective, you just have to know how to reel in your ideas so that the creativity is online in creative a help, not a hindrance. Take the sample resume below that was sewn together using cloth. It#8217;s an original, unique idea that stands out from the crowd, but still has all of the pertinent information included. It#8217;d be harder for a recruiter to essays sartre sparknotes throw something like this away than a paper resume; this is something you#8217;d want to keep and show off. On How To Write An Essay In An Exam. This sewn fabric graphic design resume is a cool gimmick that isn#8217;t annoying. Photo Credit: Melissa Washin. Show it off to someone who isn#8217;t a designer.

There#8217;s a good chance that the person who will be reading your resume first is someone who works in in existentialism jean-paul sartre, HR, not a fellow graphic designer. Even design firms have HR people who might know enough about the ba degree in creative writing business to know what to essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes look for what the great dbq essay in an essays in existentialism sartre employee, but not so much that they#8217;re going to appreciate every little design idea you implement. It#8217;s worth having a second set of what caused depression dbq essay, eyes review your resume—this is true for any person looking for a job in any field. But in the case of graphic designers, you should try to jean-paul sparknotes find someone who isn#8217;t a fellow designer. This will give you a better understanding of how your resume will be received by your typical person off the street.

This is also a good litmus test for whether or not your creativity is overwhelming your content. Ask the person reviewing your resume if it#8217;s easy to read and understand. You might even want to online ba degree in creative ask them what their overall impression of in existentialism, you would be after reading the resume. Don#8217;t forget that the recruiter who receives your resume will likely skim it for information, so see if your test subject can infer the main points of your resume with a quick glance. It#8217;s always a good idea to have multiple versions of your resume available to suit any career situation you might encounter. This is tips on how to write an essay especially important if you like to do work in in existentialism sparknotes, certain industries or if you#8217;re particularly skilled in one area of design. Try having a standard resume that will work for kids pet animals any occasion and essays in existentialism sartre, a separate resume that#8217;s specially designed for clients and assignment, employers in your field of interest. Making multiple resumes also allows you to perform A/B testing to find out which of your designs get the best response. You may find you get a great response to one resume style, while another doesn#8217;t do as well.

You can then optimize your resume design so that it gets the most attention possible. Be professional when presenting your resume. Many designers make the in existentialism mistake of focusing on the creation of the resume and preparing for an interview that they completely botch an important step in between: making contact and online ba degree in creative writing, presenting the resume. Jean-paul Sparknotes. In some cases, you#8217;ll be presenting your resume in person, either to a receptionist, an HR representative or directly to the client. No matter who you#8217;re presenting to, you want to make a good first impression.

Dress professionally, look neat and clean and be sure to conduct yourself in gay marriage right, a polite, professional manner. Be prepared to bring a number of different materials, such as a business card or your portfolio. You never know how an initial meeting with a potential employer will go, and many times you may be asked questions or have a chance to talk briefly about the position. In Existentialism Sparknotes. Treat this like a sort of pre-interview. In other cases, you#8217;ll be submitting via e-mail, which is why it#8217;s important that you have a digital copy of your resume. Right. The same #8220;pre-interview#8221; rules apply; you may not be making face-to-face contact, but this is your chance to make a good first impression.

Structure your e-mail like a professional business letter and wherever possible, be sure to address the person you#8217;re sending the resume to by name. If you don#8217;t know who will receive the resume, try your best to find out. If you still don#8217;t know, try using a formal title such as #8220;Dear Hiring Manager#8221; instead of essays sartre, something generic like #8220;To Whom It May Concern#8221; or #8220;Dear Sir or Madam.#8221; Your resume is gay marriage essay never truly finished. So you#8217;ve put all the work into jean-paul sparknotes making your resume and you#8217;ve found a new client or two, or possibly full time employment at a design firm. You might think that your task is complete, but there#8217;s really no #8220;complete#8221; when it comes to a graphic design resume. Keep your resume up-to-date, even when you#8217;re already working. What Caused Depression Dbq Essay. You never know when awesome opportunities will pop up that you#8217;ll want to jean-paul shoot for. Having your resume already updated and ready to go can be a big help, especially in a highly competitive industry where landing a job means being the first one to make an or wrong essay impression. Essays Sparknotes. Every now and then, you may find yourself wanting to online do a complete overhaul of your resume. Maybe you#8217;ve grown so much in your career that you need more space to essays sparknotes list your accomplishments. Or maybe you just want to educational essay update your design to better reflect your growth as a designer.

Whatever the reason, it#8217;s a good idea to keep things fresh every now and then. Even the most impressive resume will start to lose its luster after a while. Taking the time to update your look helps to make you excited about your resume all over again—and if you#8217;re excited, recruiters will be too. At the end of the day, you want a resume that you can stand behind—something that you like and that you think fairly and accurately represents your personal styles and tastes. You may find that what you like and what your potential employers and clients like are wildly different. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul. But that#8217;s okay.

Because sometimes recruiters will be able to look past their own personal tastes and see your true potential. Other times, they#8217;ll pass on you and go with someone they think is the online ba degree in creative best choice for their brand. In Existentialism Sartre. Rejection is an caused the great dbq essay unfortunate part of the process, but in the long run, it helps you to find a career that#8217;s the essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes best fit for you. Otherwise, if you fall into a job that#8217;s not a good match you#8217;ll just be updating your resume and doing it all again in ethics, the near future. Now we want to in existentialism jean-paul sartre hear from essay you. We want to see your creative graphic design resumes, so post your samples and tips in the comments below. Who knows, maybe someone will see it and offer you a design job! Don`t neglect your friends, share this right away. As CEO of CompanyFolders.com, Vladimir is a knowledgeable authority in print marketing and graphic design for businesses.

With his team of designers and experts, he helps customers put forth the essays jean-paul sparknotes best possible impression with high-quality collateral. Learn more about Vladimir’s history and experience, and connect with him on Google+ and Twitter. Wow this is an awesome guide! Thank you so much for gay marriage right sharing this. I#8217;ve always told people to essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes make sure that their resume looks good on a computer and in print. So many people ask for digital copies now a days, but occasionally I hand out a print copy. Truly inspiring and superbly informative guide. As a Graphic Designer who is looking to educational essay update my resume and website that has always struggled with selling myself, I find this a great help. Jean-paul Sparknotes. I shall post my results#8230;#8230; Very informative, and for us #8216;crusty ole#8217; designers this is a breath of fresh air, well done and thank you #128578; This is what caused dbq essay one of the most informative and essays sartre sparknotes, well crafted guide about resumes.

I personally think that a resume must be subtle yet still visually attractive. Here are some good examples of what I mean: http://www.creative-resume-templates.com/16-ms-word-resume-templates-with-the-professional-look/ Was misspelling #8220;spellcheckers#8221; intentional or just unfortunate happenstance? My thoughts exactly—I am OBSESSED with spelling (even as a designer)—so the kids pet animals second I read #8220;spellchckers#8221; I pretty much stopped reading this article. I thought it was really great up until this point, as there are so few articles geared towards the DESIGNER when creating a resume. I truly hope the pun was intended#8230; I have spent a lot of essays jean-paul sartre, energy creating my designed resume, only essay, now finding out that Applicant Tracking Systems will not read them correctly or at all. I have read that they might just get dumped before a #8220;real person#8221; will ever set eyes on it. And what makes it worse is that, I was told only 19% of pdfs are considered. There are so many defined rules that need to essays jean-paul sparknotes be met and nobody is essay kids pet animals explaining this. Only 25% of resumes are making it through this process. It makes sense because when i post my pdf the fields are not filled correctly.

Even my non-formatted Word doc does not filter in essays jean-paul sparknotes, right. It also explains why you see the same position several times being posted. But why not apply this to hiring, when we are now trying to get driver-less cars to be part of our lives. We are the standard bearer of online folder printing delivering absolute quality infused with the design knowledge of an advertising agency. We guarantee the educational essay quality of our products for a lifetime.

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Sartrean Existentialism: Specific Principles | Jean-Paul…

essay on primitivism No one should ever work. Work is the source of nearly all the misery in in existentialism jean-paul sartre the world. Almost any evil you'd care to name comes from working or from living in a world designed for work. In order to stop suffering, we have to stop working. That doesn't mean we have to stop doing things. It does mean creating a new way of essay kids life based on play; in other words, a *ludic* conviviality, commensality, and maybe even art. There is more to play than child's play, as worthy as that is. I call for a collective adventure in essays jean-paul generalized joy and freely interdependent exuberance. Play isn't passive.

Doubtless we all need a lot more time for sheer sloth and slack than we ever enjoy now, regardless of income or occupation, but once recovered from employment-induced exhaustion nearly all of us want to act. Oblomovism and educational ethics essay, Stakhanovism are two sides of the same debased coin. The ludic life is totally incompatible with existing reality. So much the worse for reality, the gravity hole that sucks the vitality from the little in life that still distinguishes it from mere survival. Curiously -- or maybe not -- all the old ideologies are conservative because they believe in work. Some of them, like Marxism and most brands of anarchism, believe in work all the more fiercely because they believe in so little else. Liberals say we should end employment discrimination.

I say we should end employment. Conservatives support right-to-work laws. Following Karl Marx's wayward son-in-law Paul Lafargue I support the right to be lazy. Leftists favor full employment. Like the surrealists -- except that I'm not kidding -- I favor full *un*employment. Trotskyists agitate for permanent revolution. Jean-paul Sparknotes. I agitate for permanent revelry.

But if all the ideologues (as they do) advocate work -- and not only because they plan to make other people do theirs -- they are strangely reluctant to say so. Poetry Essay Assignment. They will carry on endlessly about wages, hours, working conditions, exploitation, productivity, profitability. They'll gladly talk about anything but work itself. These experts who offer to do our thinking for us rarely share their conclusions about work, for all its saliency in essays the lives of all of us. Among themselves they quibble over gay marriage right or wrong the details. Unions and management agree that we ought to sell the time of our lives in exchange for survival, although they haggle over the price. Jean-paul Sparknotes. Marxists think we should be bossed by bureaucrats.

Libertarians think we should be bossed by businessmen. Feminists don't care which form bossing takes so long as the bosses are women. Clearly these ideology-mongers have serious differences over how to divvy up the essay pet animals spoils of power. Just as clearly, none of them have any objection to power as such and all of them want to keep us working. You may be wondering if I'm joking or serious. I'm joking *and* serious. Sartre Sparknotes. To be ludic is not to gay marriage right essay, be ludicrous. Essays Jean-paul Sartre. Play doesn't have to be frivolous, although frivolity isn't triviality: very often we ought to take frivolity seriously. Tips On How An Essay. I'd like life to be a game -- but a game with high stakes.

I want to play *for* *keeps*. The alternative to work isn't just idleness. To be ludic is not to be quaaludic. As much as I treasure the pleasure of torpor, it's never more rewarding than when it punctuates other pleasures and pastimes. Nor am I promoting the managed time-disciplined safety-valve called leisure; far from essays sartre sparknotes it. Leisure is nonwork for the sake of work. Poetry Explication. Leisure is the time spent recovering from work and in the frenzied but hopeless attempt to forget about in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, work. Many people return from ethics vacation so beat that they look forward to returning to work so they can rest up. The main difference between work and leisure is that work at least you get paid for your alienation and enervation. I am not playing definitional games with anybody.

When I say I want to abolish work, I mean just what I say, but I want to say what I mean by defining my terms in non-idiosyncratic ways. My minimum definition of work is *forced* *labor*, that is, compulsory production. Both elements are essential. Work is production enforced by economic or political means, by the carrot or the stick. (The carrot is just the stick by other means.) But not all creation is work. Work is jean-paul sartre, never done for its own sake, it's done on account of some product or output that the worker (or, more often, somebody else) gets out of caused the great depression it. Jean-paul Sparknotes. This is what work necessarily is.

To define it is to despise it. But work is usually even worse than its definition decrees. Essay Kids. The dynamic of sartre domination intrinsic to work tends over what time toward elaboration. In advanced work-riddled societies, including all industrial societies whether capitalist of Communist, work invariably acquires other attributes which accentuate its obnoxiousness. Usually -- and this is even more true in Communist than capitalist countries, where the state is almost the only employer and everyone is an employee -- work is employment, i. e., wage-labor, which means selling yourself on the installment plan. Essays Jean-paul Sparknotes. Thus 95% of what caused the great depression dbq essay Americans who work, work for somebody (or some*thing*) else. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre. In the USSR or Cuba or Yugoslavia or any other alternative model which might be adduced, the corresponding figure approaches 100%. Only the embattled Third World peasant bastions -- Mexico, India, Brazil, Turkey -- temporarily shelter significant concentrations of agriculturists who perpetuate the ethics traditional arrangement of in existentialism sartre sparknotes most laborers in explication assignment the last several millenia, the payment of taxes (= ransom) to the state or rent to parasitic landlords in return for being otherwise left alone.

Even this raw deal is essays in existentialism sparknotes, beginning to look good. *All* industrial (and office) workers are employees and under the sort of poetry assignment surveillance which ensures servility. But modern work has worse implications. People don't just work, they have jobs. One person does one productive task all the time on an or-else basis. Even if the task has a quantum of essays jean-paul sparknotes intrinsic interest (as increasingly many jobs don't) the monotony of its obligatory exclusivity drains its ludic potential.

A job that might engage the energies of online ba degree in creative some people, for a reasonably limited time, for the fun of essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre it, is just a burden on those who have to kids, do it for forty hours a week with no say in how it should be done, for the profit of owners who contribute nothing to the project, and with no opportunity for sharing tasks or spreading the work among those who actually have to do it. This is the jean-paul sartre real world of work: a world of bureaucratic blundering, of sexual harassment and discrimination, of bonehead bosses exploiting and scapegoating their subordinates who -- by online in creative any rational-technical criteria -- should be calling the shots. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre. But capitalism in the real world subordinates the rational maximization of productivity and profit to the exigencies of organizational control. The degradation which most workers experience on the job is the kids pet animals sum of jean-paul assorted indignities which can be denominated as discipline. Foucault has complexified this phenomenon but it is simple enough. Discipline consists of the totality of totalitarian controls at the workplace -- surveillance, rotework, imposed work tempos, production quotas, punching -in and educational ethics, -out, etc.

Discipline is what the factory and the office and the store share with the prison and the school and the mental hospital. It is something historically original and horrible. It was beyond the capacities of such demonic dictators of yore as Nero and Genghis Khan and Ivan the Terrible. For all their bad intentions they just didn't have the machinery to control their subjects as thoroughly as modern despots do. Discipline is the distinctively diabolical modern mode of essays jean-paul sparknotes control, it is an innovative intrusion which must be interdicted at the earliest opportunity. Such is the great depression dbq essay, work. Play is just the opposite. Play is always voluntary. What might otherwise be play is work if it's forced. This is axiomatic.

Bernie de Koven has defined play as the suspension of consequences. This is unacceptable if it implies that play is inconsequential. The point is not that play is without consequences. This is to demean play. The point is that the essays in existentialism consequences, if any, are gratuitous. Kids. Playing and giving are closely related, they are the behavioral and transactional facets of the same impulse, the essays jean-paul sparknotes play-instinct. They share an aristocratic disdain for results. The player gets something out of playing; that's why he plays.

But the core reward is the kids pet animals experience of the activity itself (whatever it is). Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre. Some otherwise attentive students of play, like Johan Huizinga (*Homo* *Ludens*), *define* it as game-playing or following rules. I respect Huizinga's erudition but emphatically reject his constraints. There are many good games (chess, baseball, Monopoly, bridge) which are rule-governed but there is much more to online, play than game-playing. Conversation, sex, dancing, travel -- these practices aren't rule-governed but they are surely play if anything is. And rules can be *played* *with* at in existentialism sartre sparknotes, least as readily as anything else. Work makes a mockery of freedom.

The official line is that we all have rights and live in a democracy. Other unfortunates who aren't free like we are have to live in police states. These victims obey orders or-else, no matter how arbitrary. The authorities keep them under regular surveillance. State bureaucrats control even the smaller details of everyday life. The officials who push them around are answerable only to higher-ups, public or private. Either way, dissent and disobedience are punished. Informers report regularly to the authorities. All this is supposed to what caused the great dbq essay, be a very bad thing.

And so it is, although it is nothing but a description of the modern workplace. The liberals and conservatives and essays jean-paul, libertarians who lament totalitarianism are phonies and hypocrites. There is more freedom in any moderately deStalinized dictatorship than there is in the ordinary American workplace. You find the in creative same sort of hierarchy and discipline in jean-paul an office or factory as you do in what depression dbq essay a prison or monastery. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sparknotes. In fact, as Foucault and others have shown, prisons and factories came in at about the same time, and their operators consciously borrowed from each other's control techniques. A worker is a par-time slave. The boss says when to show up, when to leave, and what to do in the meantime. He tells you how much work to do and how fast.

He is free to carry his control to humiliating extremes, regulating, if he feels like it, the clothes you wear or how often you go to the bathroom. With a few exceptions he can fire you for any reason, or no reason. He has you spied on by snitches and supervisors, he amasses a dossier on every employee. Talking back is called insubordination, just as if a worker is a naughty child, and it not only kids pet animals, gets you fired, it disqualifies you for essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre unemployment compensation. Without necessarily endorsing it for them either, it is noteworthy that children at home and in school receive much the tips exam same treatment, justified in their case by their supposed immaturity.

What does this say about their parents and teachers who work? The demeaning system of sartre domination I've described rules over half the educational essay waking hours of a majority of jean-paul sartre sparknotes women and the vast majority of men for decades, for most of online writing their lifespans. For certain purposes it's not too misleading to jean-paul, call our system democracy or capitalism or -- better still -- industrialism, but its real names are factory fascism and office oligarchy. Anybody who says these people are free is lying or stupid. You are what you do. Caused Dbq Essay. If you do boring, stupid monotonous work, chances are you'll end up boring, stupid and essays sartre, monotonous. Educational Ethics. Work is essays in existentialism sartre, a much better explanation for what caused the great depression dbq essay the creeping cretinization all around us than even such significant moronizing mechanisms as television and education. In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes. People who are regimented all their lives, handed off to work from school and bracketed by the family in the beginning and the nursing home at the end, are habituated to heirarchy and psychologically enslaved. Their aptitude for autonomy is so atrophied that their fear of freedom is among their few rationally grounded phobias. Their obedience training at work carries over into the families *they* start, thus reproducing the system in more ways than one, and into gay marriage right politics, culture and everything else.

Once you drain the vitality from people at work, they'll likely submit to heirarchy and expertise in everything. They're used to essays in existentialism sparknotes, it. We are so close to the world of work that we can't see what it does to educational essay, us. We have to rely on outside observers from other times or other cultures to appreciate the extremity and the pathology of our present position. There was a time in essays in existentialism sparknotes our own past when the work ethic would have been incomprehensible, and perhaps Weber was on to something when he tied its appearance to a religion, Calvinism, which if it emerged today instead of four centuries ago would immediately and appropriately be labeled a cult.

Be that as it may, we have only to draw upon the wisdom of antiquity to put work in perspective. Poetry Explication Essay Assignment. The ancients saw work for essays jean-paul sparknotes what it is, and their view prevailed, the Calvinist cranks notwithstanding, until overthrown by industrialism -- but not before receiving the educational ethics essay endorsement of its prophets. Let's pretend for a moment that work doesn't turn people into stultified submissives. Let's pretend, in defiance of any plausible psychology and in existentialism, the ideology of its boosters, that it has no effect on the formation of character. And let's pretend that work isn't as boring and tips on how to write an essay exam, tiring and humiliating as we all know it really is. Even then, work would *still* make a mockery of all humanistic and democratic aspirations, just because it usurps so much of our time. Essays In Existentialism Sartre. Socrates said that manual laborers make bad friends and bad citizens because they have no time to fulfill the responsibilities of friendship and citizenship. Gay Marriage Right Or Wrong Essay. He was right.

Because of work, no matter what we do we keep looking at out watches. The only thing free about so-called free time is that it doesn't cost the boss anything. Free time is mostly devoted to essays sartre sparknotes, getting ready for work, going to ethics, work, returning from work, and recovering from work. Free time is a euphemism for in existentialism jean-paul sartre the peculiar way labor as a factor of production not only transports itself at its own expense to and from the workplace but assumes primary responsibility for its own maintenance and repair. Coal and steel don't do that. Lathes and typewriters don't do that. But workers do. No wonder Edward G. What Caused The Great Dbq Essay. Robinson in one of his gangster movies exclaimed, Work is for saps! Both Plato and Xenophon attribute to Socrates and in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, obviously share with him an awareness of the destructive effects of work on or wrong the worker as a citizen and in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, a human being. Herodotus identified contempt for work as an gay marriage essay, attribute of the classical Greeks at the zenith of their culture. To take only one Roman example, Cicero said that whoever gives his labor for money sells himself and puts himself in the rank of slaves.

His candor is now rare, but contemporary primitive societies which we are wont to look down upon have provided spokesmen who have enlightened Western anthropologists. The Kapauku of West Irian, according to Posposil, have a conception of balance in jean-paul life and accordingly work only every other day, the day of dbq essay rest designed to essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, regain the lost power and health. Our ancestors, even as late as the eighteenth century when they were far along the path to our present predicament, at least were aware of what we have forgotten, the underside of industrialization. Their religious devotion to St. Monday -- thus establishing a *de* *facto* five-day week 150-200 years before its legal consecration -- was the despair of the earliest factory owners. Poetry Essay Assignment. They took a long time in submitting to in existentialism sartre, the tyranny of the bell, predecessor of the time clock. In fact it was necessary for a generation or two to replace adult males with women accustomed to obedience and children who could be molded to fit industrial needs.

Even the exploited peasants of the *ancien* *regime* wrested substantial time back from their landlord's work. According to educational, Lafargue, a fourth of the French peasants' calendar was devoted to Sundays and holidays, and Chayanov's figures from villages in Czarist Russia -- hardly a progressive society -- likewise show a fourth or fifth of peasants' days devoted to repose. Controlling for productivity, we are obviously far behind these backward societies. The exploited *muzhiks* would wonder why any of jean-paul sparknotes us are working at essay kids pet animals, all. In Existentialism Sartre. So should we. To grasp the full enormity of our deterioration, however, consider the earliest condition of humanity, without government or property, when we wandered as hunter-gatherers. Hobbes surmised that life was then nasty, brutish and short. Others assume that life was a desperate unremitting struggle for educational essay subsistence, a war waged against a harsh Nature with death and disaster awaiting the unlucky or anyone who was unequal to essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, the challenge of the struggle for tips to write an essay in an existence. Actually, that was all a projection of essays jean-paul sparknotes fears for the collapse of government authority over communities unaccustomed to doing without it, like the England of Hobbes during the Civil War. Hobbes' compatriots had already encountered alternative forms of society which illustrated other ways of life -- in North America, particularly -- but already these were too remote from their experience to be understandable. (The lower orders, closer to the condition of the Indians, understood it better and often found it attractive. Throughout the seventeenth century, English settlers defected to Indian tribes or, captured in war, refused to return.

But the Indians no more defected to online ba degree in creative, white settlements than Germans climb the Berlin Wall from the west.) The survival of the sartre sparknotes fittest version -- the Thomas Huxley version -- of Darwinism was a better account of economic conditions in Victorian England than it was of natural selection, as the anarchist Kropotkin showed in his book *Mutual* *Aid,* *A* *Factor* *of* *Evolution*. (Kropotkin was a scientist -- a geographer -- who'd had ample involuntary opportunity for fieldwork whilst exiled in Siberia: he knew what he was talking about.) Like most social and political theory, the story Hobbes and his successors told was really unacknowledged autobiography. The anthropologist Marshall Sahlins, surveying the data on contemporary hunter-gatherers, exploded the online ba degree in creative writing Hobbesian myth in an article entitled The Original Affluent Society. They work a lot less than we do, and their work is hard to distinguish from what we regard as play. Essays In Existentialism. Sahlins concluded that hunters and gatherers work less than we do; and rather than a continuous travail, the food quest is intermittent, leisure abundant, and there is a greater amount of sleep in kids pet animals the daytime per capita per year than in any other condition of society. They worked an in existentialism sartre, average of four hours a day, assuming they were working at all. Their labor, as it appears to us, was skilled labor which exercised their physical and intellectual capacities; unskilled labor on any large scale, as Sahlins says, is impossible except under industrialism.

Thus it satisfied Friedrich Schiller's definition of or wrong essay play, the only occasion on which man realizes his complete humanity by giving full play to both sides of his twofold nature, thinking and feeling. As he put it: The animal *works* when deprivation is the mainspring of its activity, and it *plays* when the fullness of its strength is this mainspring, when superabundant life is essays in existentialism sparknotes, its own stimulus to activity. (A modern version -- dubiously developmental -- is Abraham Maslow's counterposition of deficiency and growth motivation.) Play and freedom are, as regards production, coextensive. Even Marx, who belongs (for all his good intentions) in right the productivist pantheon, observed that the realm of freedom does not commence until the point is passed where labor under the in existentialism jean-paul compulsion of necessity and external utility is required. He never could quite bring himself to identify this happy circumstance as what it is, the abolition of work -- it's rather anomalous, after all, to be pro-worker and anti-work -- but we can. The aspiration to ethics, go backwards or forwards to a life without work is evident in every serious social or cultural history of pre-industrial Europe, among them M. In Existentialism Sartre. Dorothy George's *England* In* *Transition* and Peter Burke's *Popular* *Culture* *in* *Early* *Modern* *Europe*. Also pertinent is Daniel Bell's essay, Work and its Discontents, the first text, I believe, to refer to the revolt against work in so many words and, had it been understood, an important correction to the complacency ordinarily associated with the to write an essay in an volume in which it was collected, *The* *End* *of* *Ideology*. Neither critics nor celebrants have noticed that Bell's end-of-ideology thesis signaled not the end of social unrest but the in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes beginning of a new, uncharted phase unconstrained and uninformed by tips an essay ideology. It was Seymour Lipset (in *Political* *Man*), not Bell, who announced at the same time that the fundamental problems of the Industrial Revolution have been solved, only a few years before the post- or meta-industrial discontents of college students drove Lipset from UC Berkeley to essays sartre sparknotes, the relative (and temporary) tranquility of what depression dbq essay Harvard. As Bell notes, Adam Smith in *The* *Wealth* *of* *Nations*, for all his enthusiasm for the market and essays jean-paul, the division of labor, was more alert to poetry explication, (and more honest about) the seamy side of work than Ayn Rand or the Chicago economists or any of Smith's modern epigones. As Smith observed: The understandings of the greater part of essays men are necessarily formed by their ordinary employments. The man whose life is spent in performing a few simple operations. has no occasion to exert his understanding.

He generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become. Here, in a few blunt words, is in an exam, my critique of work. Bell, writing in 1956, the in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes Golden Age of Eisenhower imbecility and American self-satisfaction, identified the unorganized, unorganizable malaise of the 1970's and since, the one no political tendency is able to harness, the one identified in educational HEW's report *Work* *in* *America*, the essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes one which cannot be exploited and so is ignored. That problem is the revolt against work. It does not figure in any text by any laissez-faire economist -- Milton Friedman, Murray Rothbard, Richard Posner -- because, in their terms, as they used to what the great depression, say on *Star* *Trek*, it does not compute. If these objections, informed by the love of liberty, fail to persuade humanists of a utilitarian or even paternalist turn, there are others which they cannot disregard. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre. Work is hazardous to your health, to borrow a book title. Essay Kids Pet Animals. In fact, work is mass murder or genocide. Directly or indirectly, work will kill most of the essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes people who read these words. Online Writing. Between 14,000 and 25,000 workers are killed annually in this country on the job. Over two million are disabled.

Twenty to twenty-five million are injured every year. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes. And these figures are based on a very conservative estimation of what constitutes a work-related injury. Thus they don't count the half million cases of occupational disease every year. I looked at one medical textbook on occupational diseases which was 1,200 pages long. Even this barely scratches the surface. The available statistics count the obvious cases like the 100,000 miners who have black lung disease, of whom 4,000 die every year, a much higher fatality rate than for kids pet animals AIDS, for instance, which gets so much media attention.

This reflects the unvoiced assumption that AIDS afflicts perverts who could control their depravity whereas coal-mining is a sacrosanct activity beyond question. What the statistics don't show is that tens of millions of people have heir lifespans shortened by work -- which is all that homicide means, after all. Consider the doctors who work themselves to death in their 50's. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes. Consider all the right or wrong other workaholics. Even if you aren't killed or crippled while actually working, you very well might be while going to work, coming from work, looking for work, or trying to forget about work. The vast majority of victims of the automobile are either doing one of in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes these work-obligatory activities or else fall afoul of those who do them.

To this augmented body-count must be added the victims of auto-industrial pollution and work-induced alcoholism and the great depression dbq essay, drug addiction. Both cancer and heart disease are modern afflictions normally traceable, directly, or indirectly, to work. Work, then, institutionalizes homicide as a way of life. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul. People think the Cambodians were crazy for exterminating themselves, but are we any different? The Pol Pot regime at least had a vision, however blurred, of an educational essay, egalitarian society. We kill people in the six-figure range (at least) in order to sell Big Macs and Cadillacs to the survivors. Our forty or fifty thousand annual highway fatalities are victims, not martyrs.

They died for nothing -- or rather, they died for work. But work is nothing to die for. Bad news for liberals: regulatory tinkering is useless in this life-and-death context. Jean-paul. The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration was designed to police the core part of the problem, workplace safety. Even before Reagan and the Supreme Court stifled it, OSHA was a farce. At previous and (by current standards) generous Carter-era funding levels, a workplace could expect a random visit from an kids pet animals, OSHA inspector once every 46 years. State control of the economy is essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes, no solution. Work is, if anything, more dangerous in the state-socialist countries than it is here. Thousands of Russian workers were killed or injured building the poetry explication essay Moscow subway.

Stories reverberate about covered-up Soviet nuclear disasters which make Times Beach and Three-Mile Island look like elementary-school air-raid drills. On the jean-paul sparknotes other hand, deregulation, currently fashionable, won't help and on how in an exam, will probably hurt. Essays In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes. From a health and safety standpoint, among others, work was at its worst in the days when the economy most closely approximated laissez-faire. Historians like Eugene Genovese have argued persuasively that -- as antebellum slavery apologists insisted -- factory wage-workers in poetry the Northern American states and in Europe were worse off than Southern plantation slaves. Essays Jean-paul Sartre. No rearrangement of relations among bureaucrats and businessmen seems to make much difference at the point of production.

Serious enforcement of even the rather vague standards enforceable in theory by OSHA would probably bring the economy to a standstill. The enforcers apparently appreciate this, since they don't even try to crack down on most malefactors. What I've said so far ought not to be controversial. Many workers are fed up with work. What Caused Dbq Essay. There are high and rising rates of absenteeism, turnover, employee theft and sartre, sabotage, wildcat strikes, and or wrong, overall goldbricking on essays jean-paul sartre the job. There may be some movement toward a conscious and not just visceral rejection of work. And yet the essay prevalent feeling, universal among bosses and their agents and also widespread among workers themselves is sparknotes, that work itself is inevitable and necessary. I disagree. It is right or wrong, now possible to abolish work and replace it, insofar as it serves useful purposes, with a multitude of in existentialism new kinds of free activities. To abolish work requires going at right or wrong essay, it from two directions, quantitative and qualitative. On the one hand, on the quantitative side, we have to cut down massively on the amount of work being done.

At present most work is useless or worse and we should simply get rid of it. Essays In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes. On the other hand -- and I think this the crux of the poetry explication essay assignment matter and the revolutionary new departure -- we have to take what useful work remains and in existentialism sartre, transform it into a pleasing variety of game-like and craft-like pastimes, indistinguishable from other pleasurable pastimes, except that they happen to on how to write exam, yield useful end-products. Surely that shouldn't make them *less* enticing to do. Then all the artificial barriers of power and property could come down. Creation could become recreation. And we could all stop being afraid of each other.

I don't suggest that most work is salvageable in this way. But then most work isn't worth trying to save. Only a small and diminishing fraction of work serves any useful purpose independent of the defense and reproduction of the work-system and its political and legal appendages. Twenty years ago, Paul and Percival Goodman estimated that just five percent of the work then being done -- presumably the figure, if accurate, is lower now -- would satisfy our minimal needs for food, clothing, and shelter. Theirs was only an educated guess but the main point is quite clear: directly or indirectly, most work serves the unproductive purposes of commerce or social control. Right off the bat we can liberate tens of millions of in existentialism sartre sparknotes salesmen, soldiers, managers, cops, stockbrokers, clergymen, bankers, lawyers, teachers, landlords, security guards, ad-men and everyone who works for them. There is a snowball effect since every time you idle some bigshot you liberate his flunkeys and underlings also. Thus the economy *implodes*. Forty percent of the workforce are white-collar workers, most of whom have some of the most tedious and idiotic jobs ever concocted. Entire industries, insurance and banking and real estate for instance, consist of nothing but useless paper-shuffling. It is no accident that the tertiary sector, the in an service sector, is growing while the in existentialism jean-paul sartre secondary sector (industry) stagnates and online, the primary sector (agriculture) nearly disappears.

Because work is unnecessary except to those whose power it secures, workers are shifted from relatively useful to relatively useless occupations as a measure to assure public order. Anything is better than nothing. That's why you can't go home just because you finish early. They want your *time*, enough of it to make you theirs, even if they have no use for most of it. Otherwise why hasn't the average work week gone down by more than a few minutes in the past fifty years?

Next we can take a meat-cleaver to essays sartre sparknotes, production work itself. No more war production, nuclear power, junk food, feminine hygiene deodorant -- and above all, no more auto industry to speak of. An occasional Stanley Steamer or Model-T might be all right, but the auto-eroticism on which such pestholes as Detroit and the great, Los Angeles depend on is out jean-paul sparknotes of the gay marriage right question. Jean-paul. Already, without even trying, we've virtually solved the energy crisis, the tips on how to write an essay in an exam environmental crisis and assorted other insoluble social problems. Finally, we must do away with far and away the largest occupation, the one with the longest hours, the lowest pay and some of the most tedious tasks around. In Existentialism Jean-paul. I refer to *housewives* doing housework and child-rearing. Ethics Essay. By abolishing wage-labor and essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, achieving full unemployment we undermine the sexual division of labor. Essay. The nuclear family as we know it is an inevitable adaptation to the division of labor imposed by modern wage-work.

Like it or not, as things have been for the last century or two it is economically rational for the man to bring home the bacon, for the woman to do the shitwork to provide him with a haven in a heartless world, and for the children to be marched off to sartre, youth concentration camps called schools, primarily to keep them out of Mom's hair but still under control, but incidentally to essay, acquire the habits of essays jean-paul sartre obedience and punctuality so necessary for workers. If you would be rid of patriarchy, get rid of the nuclear family whose unpaid shadow work, as Ivan Illich says, makes possible the work-system that makes *it* necessary. Bound up with this no-nukes strategy is the abolition of depression dbq essay childhood and in existentialism, the closing of the schools. There are more full-time students than full-time workers in this country. We need children as teachers, not students.

They have a lot to the great dbq essay, contribute to the ludic revolution because they're better at playing than grown-ups are. Adults and children are not identical but they will become equal through interdependence. Only play can bridge the generation gap. I haven't as yet even mentioned the in existentialism sparknotes possibility of cutting way down on the little work that remains by automating and educational, cybernizing it. All the essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes scientists and engineers and technicians freed from bothering with war research and planned obsolescence would have a good time devising means to eliminate fatigue and tedium and danger from activities like mining. Undoubtedly they'll find other projects to amuse themselves with. Depression. Perhaps they'll set up world-wide all-inclusive multi-media communications systems or found space colonies.

Perhaps. I myself am no gadget freak. I wouldn't care to live in a pushbutton paradise. I don't what robot slaves to sparknotes, do everything; I want to do things myself. There is, I think, a place for labor-saving technology, but a modest place. The historical and pre-historical record is not encouraging. Gay Marriage Right Or Wrong Essay. When productive technology went from hunting-gathering to agriculture and on to industry, work increased while skills and self-determination diminished. The further evolution of sparknotes industrialism has accentuated what Harry Braverman called the degradation of work. Intelligent observers have always been aware of this. John Stuart Mill wrote that all the ba degree writing labor-saving inventions ever devised haven't saved a moment's labor. Jean-paul Sartre. Karl Marx wrote that it would be possible to write a history of the inventions, made since 1830, for the sole purpose of supplying capital with weapons against the revolts of the working class.

The enthusiastic technophiles -- Saint-Simon, Comte, Lenin, B. F. Skinner -- have always been unabashed authoritarians also; which is to in creative writing, say, technocrats. We should be more than sceptical about the sartre promises of the explication essay assignment computer mystics. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul. *They* work like dogs; chances are, if they have their way, so will the rest of gay marriage or wrong essay us. But if they have any particularized contributions more readily subordinated to in existentialism sartre sparknotes, human purposes than the run of tips on how an essay in an exam high tech, let's give them a hearing. What I really want to see is work turned into essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes play. A first step is to discard the notions of a job and an occupation.

Even activities that already have some ludic content lose most of it by being reduced to jobs which certain people, and only those people are forced to do to the exclusion of all else. Is it not odd that farm workers toil painfully in the fields while their air-conditioned masters go home every weekend and essay, putter about in their gardens? Under a system of permanent revelry, we will witness the Golden Age of the dilettante which will put the Renaissance to shame. Essays Jean-paul Sparknotes. There won't be any more jobs, just things to caused the great, do and people to do them. The secret of turning work into jean-paul sartre play, as Charles Fourier demonstrated, is to essay, arrange useful activities to take advantage of whatever it is that various people at various times in fact enjoy doing. To make it possible for some people to do the things they could enjoy it will be enough just to eradicate the irrationalities and distortions which afflict these activities when they are reduced to work. I, for instance, would enjoy doing some (not too much) teaching, but I don't want coerced students and in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, I don't care to suck up to caused the great depression dbq essay, pathetic pedants for tenure.

Second, there are some things that people like to do from time to time, but not for too long, and in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, certainly not all the writing time. You might enjoy baby-sitting for a few hours in order to sartre sparknotes, share the company of kids, but not as much as their parents do. The parents meanwhile, profoundly appreciate the time to themselves that you free up for them, although they'd get fretful if parted from their progeny for too long. These differences among individuals are what make a life of free play possible. The same principle applies to many other areas of activity, especially the primal ones. Thus many people enjoy cooking when they can practice it seriously at their leisure, but not when they're just fueling up human bodies for ba degree work. Third -- other things being equal -- some things that are unsatisfying if done by essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes yourself or in pet animals unpleasant surroundings or at the orders of an overlord are enjoyable, at least for a while, if these circumstances are changed. This is probably true, to some extent, of all work. People deploy their otherwise wasted ingenuity to make a game of the least inviting drudge-jobs as best they can. Activities that appeal to essays jean-paul sartre sparknotes, some people don't always appeal to all others, but everyone at essay kids pet animals, least potentially has a variety of interests and an interest in variety.

As the saying goes, anything once. Fourier was the master at speculating how aberrant and in existentialism, perverse penchants could be put to gay marriage right essay, use in post-civilized society, what he called Harmony. He thought the Emperor Nero would have turned out all right if as a child he could have indulged his taste for bloodshed by working in a slaughterhouse. Essays In Existentialism Sartre. Small children who notoriously relish wallowing in ba degree filth could be organized in Little Hordes to essays in existentialism sartre, clean toilets and empty the garbage, with medals awarded to the outstanding. I am not arguing for these precise examples but for the underlying principle, which I think makes perfect sense as one dimension of an overall revolutionary transformation. Bear in mind that we don't have to take today's work just as we find it and match it up with the proper people, some of whom would have to ba degree writing, be perverse indeed. If technology has a role in all this it is essays in existentialism sartre, less to automate work out of existence than to open up new realms for re/creation. To some extent we may want to return to handicrafts, which William Morris considered a probable and desirable upshot of communist revolution. Art would be taken back from the snobs and collectors, abolished as a specialized department catering to an elite audience, and its qualities of in creative writing beauty and creation restored to integral life from which they were stolen by work.

It's a sobering thought that the grecian urns we write odes about and showcase in museums were used in their own time to essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, store olive oil. I doubt our everyday artifacts will fare as well in the future, if there is one. The point is poetry explication essay assignment, that there's no such thing as progress in the world of work; if anything it's just the opposite. We shouldn't hesitate to pilfer the past for essays sartre sparknotes what it has to offer, the ancients lose nothing yet we are enriched. The reinvention of daily life means marching off the edge of our maps. On How. There is, it is true, more suggestive speculation than most people suspect. Besides Fourier and Morris -- and even a hint, here and there, in Marx -- there are the writings of Kropotkin, the syndicalists Pataud and Pouget, anarcho-communists old (Berkman) and new (Bookchin). In Existentialism Jean-paul. The Goodman brothers' *Communitas* is exemplary for illustrating what forms follow from given functions (purposes), and explication, there is something to be gleaned from the often hazy heralds of alternative/appropriate/intermediate/convivial technology, like Schumacher and especially Illich, once you disconnect their fog machines. The situationists -- as represented by Vaneigem's *Revolution* *of* *Daily* *Life* and in the *Situationist* *International* *Anthology* -- are so ruthlessly lucid as to be exhilarating, even if they never did quite square the endorsement of the rule of the worker's councils with the abolition of work. Better their incongruity, though than any extant version of leftism, whose devotees look to be the in existentialism jean-paul sartre last champions of work, for poetry explication essay if there were no work there would be no workers, and without workers, who would the left have to organize?

So the abolitionists would be largely on their own. In Existentialism Sartre Sparknotes. No one can say what would result from unleashing the creative power stultified by work. Anything can happen. The tiresome debater's problem of freedom vs. necessity, with its theological overtones, resolves itself practically once the production of explication essay use-values is coextensive with the essays in existentialism sparknotes consumption of delightful play-activity. Life will become a game, or rather many games, but not -- as it is now - -- a zero/sum game. An optimal sexual encounter is the paradigm of productive play, The participants potentiate each other's pleasures, nobody keeps score, and everybody wins. The more you give, the more you get. Tips On How To Write. In the ludic life, the best of sex will diffuse into the better part of daily life. Generalized play leads to the libidinization of life. Sex, in turn, can become less urgent and desperate, more playful. If we play our cards right, we can all get more out of life than we put into it; but only if we play for keeps.

No one should ever work. Workers of the world. *relax*!

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essay stucture Tristanne Connolly, Department of English, St. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sparknotes? Jerome's University. You can skip ahead to advice on: Essays usually begin with one introductory paragraph. The first section of this paragraph eases the online in creative writing reader in. You could be writing about anything at essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, this point, so use your introduction to let readers know what you are writing about, and get them interested. Possible ways to do this are: Find a quotation that reflects your ideas, or sums up what you want to say in an interesting, snappy way. You have a ready source for poetry essay assignment quotations in the piece of literature you're writing about. If you take your quote from essays jean-paul sartre another source, make it clear to the reader where it comes from: not just the name of who said it, but brief background, such as who that person is, and in what context it was said.

Also relate it clearly to caused the great the topic (and text) at sartre sparknotes, hand. Give an example. Is there an online ba degree writing especially interesting instance of what you are writing about? Use it to pull the reader in. Jean-paul Sparknotes? Remember, though, that in or wrong, the body of essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes your essay you will be using examples to explication essay prove your point; this is essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre a different kind of example, used only to introduce your point and poetry explication assignment intrigue your reader. Start with the general and move to the specific--but not too general.

Avoid the society today and essays jean-paul sparknotes most people kind of generalization because they are often untrue and always uninteresting. (William Blake once wrote, To Generalize is to be an Idiot. Why? Because there is always an exception, and because the details or minute particulars you use to educational essay prove your general idea are where the truth resides.) Give some background. In Existentialism Sartre? What does the reader need to know about your topic, not only to tips on how to write an essay in an exam get interested, but as a basis for what you intend to say? Explain an issue. Why is your topic important? What is at stake? Offer a definition. Essays Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? Beware, just pulling a definition out of the dictionary can seem quite boring. If you do, comment on it, put a twist on it, contest it; or, come up with your own definition for on how to write in an the purposes of your paper.

Note that handbooks to literature can offer fruitful and even contestable definitions of literary terms and devices. Ask a question. This gets readers involved, inviting them to answer your question mentally. But keep control of the situation in case they answer in a way that doesn't serve your point. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sparknotes? When you use rhetorical questions in ethics, your essays, always make sure to answer them. Make a comparison. The thing you are writing about, what is it like? Does your paper use comparisons that you can introduce right away? Is there a metaphor you can use to shed light on what you are saying? Tell a little story or anecdote related to your topic.

In very formal essays, this is the only place where you might be able to get personal. Essays In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre? Make sure your introductory story is not too long. If necessary, give it its own short paragraph and let the next paragraph do the educational ethics job of the introduction. Present a mystery. Make what you are writing about sound interesting and complicated by addressing its contradictions, or its fascinating unknowns. However, simply saying we will never know makes the reader feel as though you have no new insight to essays jean-paul sparknotes provide: go further and caused the great make some kind of in existentialism sartre sparknotes suggestion, even if it is tentative. Next, give a few transitional sentences to move from your hook or attention-getter to your thesis. A good thesis statement or main idea is the key to a good essay. It is usually one sentence but can be two if necessary, and it is traditionally placed at the very end of your introduction (this is the spot where teachers, grading stacks of essay papers, tend to look for it). It is the main thing you are trying to say or argue in your essay, and essays in existentialism sartre sparknotes all of your body paragraphs will go to prove, support and elaborate on it.

It is the pin that holds your essay together. A topic is what your essay is about, while a thesis is your stand, your particular, focused statement or argument on that topic, the insight that all of what caused depression dbq essay your points come together to show. Here are some ways to improve thesis statements: Make sure your thesis makes a claim . For instance, if you say there are many similarities and essays sartre sparknotes differences or this essay will address the characteristics of. Or Wrong Essay? , you could get more specific. What similarities and differences? What characteristics?

What do they have in common? And what does it all mean? Are there any interesting contradictions involved, e.g., are there opposite essays sartre characteristics working together, or characteristics that could have the opposite effect? Make sure your thesis is not obviously true: a statement of caused depression dbq essay fact or a clich. Instead, can you put a new twist on essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes an old idea, or contest received wisdom? You are not really proving anything if you are restating common knowledge. Make sure your thesis can be proven within the constraints of the assignment. Know what kind of essay kids evidence to use for a particular assignment, and make sure your thesis fits. For instance, when you are writing a literary essay, you must make sure your main point focuses on the text itself, and can be supported by textual evidence, rather than some other kind, such as personal experience, or statistics. These might be helpful for some small points, but if they're necessary to essays the main idea, then it's no longer a literary essay.

When your essay assignment requires research, you must make sure your point can be proven reliably using sources you are able to find. Make sure your thesis is gay marriage right essay not based only on opinion. Particularly, judgments such as good or bad, true or false, are hard to prove for this reason. Could you say something about the significance of the topic instead? Or examine why you think something is true or false, good or bad?

Iif you are automatically stating your opinion without considering it, you are not thinking very deeply and may be in the realm of clich. In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre? Dealing with a text, think about how the tips to write an essay writer seems to feel about the topic, and be aware that she or he may not agree with you (or even the speakers in the text!). In Existentialism Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? In all cases, question your assumptions. Imagine counterarguments and other views. Find out the reasons for your opinion, and that may lead you to a point you can explain and tips on how an essay prove. Additionally, it will help you communicate with your reader, who may have a different point of view. Make sure your thesis is focused: not too broad. Essays Sartre Sparknotes? Is your claim too general to be convincingly proven with a few examples? Try to define it: you do not need to account for everyone or everything.

Can you develop your point and prove it within the page limit? Sometimes it is better to say more about less. Assignment? You can pick one of the things you intended to address, or concentrate on one particular aspect of the topic. You will notice that most of these problems with main ideas can be solved by getting more specific and more analytical . Ask the in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes questions, What exactly? and What does it all mean? or What does it all teach us about ___? Complications can actually help you. If you come up against educational ethics, difficulties and contradictions in your thinking, don't sweep them under the essays in existentialism sartre carpet. Think about how you can turn them around to prove your point anyway, or think how you can use them to define your idea more precisely. The thesis must not only state a claim worth proving; it must also give the reader an idea of how you intend to develop your main idea. For instance, if you have three sub-points to online ba degree in creative writing your main idea, you can list them in brief in the same order you will discuss them in essays jean-paul sartre, your body paragraphs. To Write An Essay Exam? Also, make sure that your main idea effectively ties together all three (or however many) of your sub-topics.

What do they have in common? What makes them different? The thesis is like a preview of essays jean-paul sparknotes your essay. This means that it helps a lot to have an idea of what you are going to say before you begin to write a first draft -- and gay marriage right essay that if your idea changes as you write and experiment, you should go back and essays sartre sparknotes change the thesis to fit. Do not save your main point for your conclusion: essays are not suspense stories or poker games. Lay your cards on the table in the introduction. However, remember that in your body paragraphs you will prove and caused depression expand on essays sartre your main idea: the introduction shows exactly where you are going, and in right or wrong, the body paragraphs you go there.

You can have as many body paragraphs as you wish. However many sub-topics you have to prove your thesis, that is how many body paragraphs you will have. You can place them in any order, so long as it makes sense. For instance, you can: *place the strongest argument last. *move in chronological order. *move from causes to in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes effects. *alternate: if you are writing about more than one thing, move back and essay kids pet animals forth between them. *chunk: if you are writing about more than one thing, write all about one then all about the other. Every body paragraph must have a topic sentence which is like a mini-thesis, and which is usually placed at or near the essays jean-paul beginning of the tips to write an essay exam paragraph (indicating what you are going to prove), but can also come at the end (indicating what you have just proven).

The topic sentence expresses the main point this paragraph is out to demonstrate. Keeping aware of your topic sentences can help you make sure your paragraphs are well-developed . Give as much proof and essays explanation as you can for your sub-point in each paragraph. Go into detail. Make sure in every paragraph you: *offer some kind of evidence . Poetry Explication? For a textual or literary essay, your evidence will be specific references to the text along with logical argument and explanation of your interpretation. In a research essay, you will also include references to respectable scholarly work on the topic, not so much as evidence but as other voices in essays in existentialism, the debate over the text--you're having a written conversation with fellow scholars. *offer full explanation of how and why your evidence proves your point , and how and why that point relates back to your thesis.

If any of your paragraphs are lacking either of pet animals these things, something is wrong with them and they must be fixed. E.g., a paragraph that is all evidence or summary with no explanation indicates no brain work on your part: you need to analyze your evidence and jean-paul explain what it means, particularly in relation to your main idea. Conversely, a paragraph that is all assertions gives the reader the impression you are talking through your hat. Essay readers will not take your word for it. If you are arguing something reasonable, you should be able to prove it, and the great if you don't it will look like you can't. For every assertion you make, give proof and explanation. Topic sentences can also help you make sure your paragraphs are all unified . Each paragraph should be about only one thing . If there is any sentence in a paragraph which is not on in existentialism jean-paul sartre topic, it should either be moved to essay kids pet animals the paragraph where it belongs, or thrown out.

If nothing in the paragraph can be clearly related to essays in existentialism jean-paul your essay's main idea, the whole paragraph has to go. Your body paragraphs must all work to prove your thesis: this makes your essay coherent . To assure your reader that your essay is ba degree in creative coherent or hangs together, you need to have smooth transitions between paragraphs. A formulaic way to move from one paragraph to the next is to say something like, Another example. or The third point is. Jean-paul Sartre Sparknotes? , but this is gay marriage very mechanical and so doesn't have the essays in existentialism finesse of an A paper! Using such formulae is handy for a first draft, but as you improve your paper, try to replace mechanical transitions with more interesting ones. Think about the ideas you are trying to online ba degree writing express: what do they have in common? What is the difference between the last idea and sparknotes this one?

You can use the similarities and explication differences to compose interesting transition sentences which help you show why you decided to organize your paper the way you did, and also give more significance to your points. Handy comparison and contrast words can assist you here: (of course you will fill in the details!) Although/While this last idea is like this, this next idea is like that; This last idea is like this, and this new idea is in existentialism also/similarly like this with these important differences or further details. You can also use time sequence (e.g. Next/Meanwhile ), or cause and online ba degree in creative writing effect (e.g. Consequently/If. then ). The conclusion of an essay wraps things up. It reiterates the essays in existentialism main idea in different words, and looks back over how the tips on how to write in an thesis was proven. This is not just repetition: it gives you an opportunity to essays show how you have developed your idea, to indicate what the reader has learned by essay pet animals, reading your essay. As well as summing up , the in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes conclusion should leave the reader satisfied that the time it took to tips on how to write in an exam read the essay was well spent. So, remember Miles Davis and essays in existentialism sparknotes answer the question, So What? Why is all this important?

What are the implications of ba degree in creative what you have argued? What does it mean in the big world? As in essays in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, your introduction, though, be careful not to over-generalize , making a claim that your essay is more important than it is or has proven more than it has. No new information should be offered in caused the great dbq essay, the conclusion; only the ideas already presented, seen in a new light. Some ways to put a sting in the tail of your essay: Quotation. Find one that reflects or sums up your point in a clever and memorable way.

Figurative language. Metaphors and images can leave a striking idea or picture in in existentialism jean-paul sartre sparknotes, the reader's mind, and you can use them to elaborate on your insight. Especially if you use one in educational ethics, the introduction, bring it up again and see how you can use it a bit differently. Example or anecdote. Essays In Existentialism Sartre? A brief story or example can make the educational ethics essay implications of your point more vivid, and place your ideas in essays, a wider context. Predictions or speculations. Ba Degree In Creative Writing? What follows from what you have argued? Make sure you don't speculate too far; stick to what seems plausible from what you said previously.

And a finishing touch: a great title. A good title is essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes not too vague, yet not too long either. A good way to think about it is, if a person were trying to educational ethics find articles on your topic in essays in existentialism jean-paul sparknotes, a database, would your title have enough of the right keywords to pop up? Be sure to educational mention the text and/or author you're writing about, and include words which reveal something about the main drift of your argument. These are the jean-paul sartre sparknotes mechanics of an tips on how an essay appropriate title; of course, you also want it to be interesting. A unique or clever turn of phrase can do this for you.

You can also take a short phrase from the in existentialism text which you think particularly relates to what you have to say, and place it before your main title, with a colon to connect them. Here's an ethics essay example. Wild Ecstasies and Sober Pleasure: The Relationship between William and jean-paul sartre Dorothy Wordsworth in Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey